The Florida Christian advocate

Material Information

The Florida Christian advocate
Place of Publication:
Sanford Fla
Sanford Pub. Co.
Creation Date:
April 22, 1909
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 31-37 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Methodists -- Newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Sanford (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Seminole County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leesburg (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Lake County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Gainesville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Alachua County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Lakeland (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Polk County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Polk -- Lakeland
United States -- Florida -- Seminole -- Sanford
United States -- Florida -- Lake -- Leesburg
United States -- Florida -- Alachua -- Gainesville
United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville


Cf. Union list of serials.:
Began in 1886?
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-v. 52, no. 5 (Jan. 30, 1941).
Issuing Body:
Official organ of: the Florida Annual Conference, Apr. 1, 1886-<Dec. 25, 1901>; the Florida Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, <Jan. 12, 1904-Aug. 3, 1939>; the Florida Conference of the Methodist Church, Aug. 10, 1939-1941.
General Note:
Editor and Publisher: Josephus Anderson, Sept. 9, 1890-<Dec. 25, 1901>.
General Note:
Published by: Hill Print. Co., <1902>; J.C. Trice, <Jan. 26, 1904>; Live Oak Co., <July 23, 1907>; Publishing Committee Florida Christian Advocate, <Jan. 28, 1909-1910>.
General Note:
Published in: Leesburg, Fla., Apr. 9, 1889-<Dec. 25, 1901>; Gainesville, Fla., <1902>; Tallahassee, Fla., <Jan. 26, 1904>; Live Oak, Fla., <July 23, 1907>; Jacksonville, Fla., <Jan. 28, 1909-1910>; Lakeland, Fla., <1914-1941>.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (Apr. 1, 1886).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of North Florida (UNF)
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
17197000 ( OCLC )
sn 93062869 ( LCCN )

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JA- i. FLA., APRIL 22, 1909.
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The Methodist Church Havana,gFla.



"Infant Dedication" is a service to be introduced in
the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church, New York. Now, Dr.
Aked, your brethren will surely ask what good can it
do the child to be dedicated to the Lord. But don't be
deterred. Dedicate tie children to the Lord, and it will
possibly lead to dedicating them to the church. By de-
grees you will come to a knowledge of the truth. Some
say the child is good enough for heaven, but not good
enough for the church. We think otherwise.

Education should be a means to a useful end, not
simply an ornament in the social parlor of life. A cer-
L un i of wealthy parents was attending Cornell,
\ere part of his schooling consisted in manual training,
.-especially blacksmithing. But when a call for soldiers
S was issued he left school and joined the cavalry. When
he was next heard from h"e was shoeing horses at Chick-
amauga. That was the spirit that underlies all great
things in life; and when education is turned to practical
ends !ike that, it will achieve glory anywhere. Putting
iron shoes under the hoof of a warhorse is as patriotic
as dashing in front of belching guns and glittering

Feeding mules on black molasses is a fine streak of
economy on a certain sugar plantation out, west. It
saves money that would otherwise go for forage, and
the mules grow "fat a;id flourishing" on the sweets that
are poured daily into their troughs. What is good for a
beast is sometimes doubly good for a woman. It has
been demonstrated that women will carry more pounds
and endure longer periods of toil when blessed with
kindness and sympathy than when cursed with criticism
and fault-finding. "A merry heart doeth ood like med-
icine." Figuratively speaking, let usf-'e our women
plenty of molasses, thus treating them at least as well
as a mule.

In the land of Canaan the Lord gave the Hebrews all
the land upon which they pressed their feet. A thing
is never our own till we have conquered it. Pressing
the feet would suggest the idea of removing everything
out of the way of our feet, and taking possession for-
ever. The opportunity for conquest is still ours, and
what we win .is what will stick.. Adam's innocence
would have remained had he acquired holiness of ar-
acter by co-operating with God, and character would
have been more his than ever before. Now that we are
fallen, God gives us a chance to regain Paradise; and
everything we conquer through faith and self-discipline
shall be more ours than if we had never fallen. "Not
as the offense so also is the free gift."

In Longfellow's "Legend of the Beautiful" there is
pictured a monk who, upon bended knee, has caught a
vision of the Christ. His joy was superabounding as
he caught the heavenly sight. But suddenly a crowd of
baggars at the convent gate made their appeal for
bread. To leave the stone floor of the monastery, he
thought, would be to lose the-glorious sight; but to
remain would prolong the hunger of the beggars. But
duty rather than self-indulgence is the secret of an
abiding vision, and so to the beggars at the gate the
monk repaired. Upon his return the Christ in vision
was there. and said: "Hadst thou stayed I must have
fled." As dreams oft proceed from a multitude of
thoughts, so all true visions proceed from concrete de-

"Why gaddest thou about so much to change thy
way?" Here is our religious gadder. Some one bobs
up with a new song or a new doctrine, and the religious
gadder drops in with him and dances while he pipes.
The dancing is lively, accompanied with smiles like
those of summer and tears like those of spring. But a
fixed purpose of devotion is lacking, and hence it turns
out to be like an old woman's dance-soon over, and he

is prone upon the lounge. Now let him alone till the
next sensation comes along. If the sensationalist delays
his coming our gadder will visit the amen corner of all
the churches in town to show how liberal he is, and
his capacity to digest all that the pulpits afford. He
is a religious vagrant who can gather up more bags of
bread and get less out of them than all other members
of the church. But it is only those who are planted in
the house of the Lord who are fat, flourishing and fruit-

There was no hurricane; on the contrary the air was
comparatively still. A telegraph pole stood as erect,
and looked as full and round as all the a- poles in
town. As the throngs were pressing toward the church
on Sunday morning they were surprised to hear the
groaning and snapping of that particular pole, and to
see it suddenly break about the middle and fall to the
ground. Upon examination it was found that right
where the break occurred there was a hollow that had
been scooped out by a pair of woodpeckers for a nest.
The beak of this bird had cut to the heart and sapped
the strength of the pole. Many times we see a colossus
in the shape of a man. He seems to be great and worthy
to be respected and trusted. Perhaps he represents us
in legislative halls. But at last he is found to have his
price; the hole of covetousness has been hollowed out in
his heart; the bribe is'offered, and proves the absence
of apparent strength; he falls, and the secret sin is out.

Around and About.

A F JER twenty years absence we returned to the'
'X 'rge Fe)jonce served. It' was- in, 164 that we'-
entered the Waukeenah parsonage, which is still stand-
ing. Of course we anticipated a pleasant time and were
not disappointed. Some of the old faces were gone, and
some of the children had grown tall and had children of
their own. Of the latter, some could remember the
pastor of twenty years ago, but they said we, too, had
changed much. "Change and decay in all around I
see." Brother A. L. Woodward, the pastor, and his
vigilant and zealous wife, had not only planned to
make our visit a pleasure but they had worked hard to
popularize the quarterly meeting occasion. Due notice
had been followed by exhortation to attend. He also
slew the innocents-a couple of fat goats-which he
barbecued for Saturday's refreshments that were so
lavishly spread on the church yard. The attendance
was fine, and the services were apparently much en-
joyed. The pastor's reports to the quarterly conference
showed that he had been putting in some hard work to
get things to moving forward. He has made a good im-
pression, and he will do a good work if all will co-ope-
rate. The stewards made a slight increase in the
salary, and the receipts for the quarter were fairly good.
A rather singular item: Twenty years ago we had a
Waukeenah auditor who always admired our preaching,
and yet there was something in our voice that never
failed to put him asleep. Well, after a score of years
our paths converged, and he sat down before us again
to see if he could follow us to the conclusion; but under
the spell of our pulpit phonetics he keeled over as he
did in days of old! Too much phonetics!
Leon Circuit.
In the year 1890 we took charge of the Leon circuit
as pastor; on the 28th of March, the 52d anniversary of
our birth, we took charge of it as presiding elder. The
quarterly meeting was held at Lloyds, a place where
our family found some choice friends "just twenty
years ago." Some of them are still there-Lafitte, Miller,
Duncan, Dennis, and Whitfield. Dr. Christie and his
excellent wife, whose hospitable home was ours during
the meeting, had joined the community since our pas-
torate. The pastor and this scribe will not forget the
pleasures derived from our stay in this home. The

visitors from nearly every part of the work augmented
our Saturday congregation and contributed largely to
the success of the quarterly gathering. To our great
delight, Rev. G. W. Yarbrough from Georgia stepped into
the church while we were preaching. He walks as erect
as an Indian, and reads without glasses. Technically
he is a superannuate; but the real superannuate in this
case is the wife, who has merited this relation for her
husband. The exhibit at the quarterly conference was
good. The pastor, Rev. Thomas Williams, had traveled
five hundred miles on his Leon District, and had collected
nearly fifty per cent of the connectional claims. The
stewards had done well and better, and when the eighth
question was asked they had no figuring to do, as is
too often the case, but were ready with the answer.
Leon'will not go backward, but forward.
We closed our first quarterly round at this place on a
Tuesday and Wednesday. The weather was ideal, but the
date was not. As there are but few Methodists at
Woodville (only 72 on the entire work), and as "the king
is served by the field," we had to be satisfied with the
few who were not in the field. Then, even in this little
village, we have churches established by the Missionary
Baptists, Freewill Baptists and Primitive Baptists. It
is a wonder our Methodists here are not Baptists from
infection. They seem to be immune. There was open
communion at the refreshment table-Methodists and
Baptists sat down on the ground and "ate and were
filled." Rev. W. E. Dorsey, the pastor, is much beloved
for his works' sake, amid is trying to bring order out of
some former confusion. In. spite of the continued sick-
ness of his wife he made.a good report, and increased
confidence, was evident in that one-fourth of the salary
-was,*paid& This ends 'the first, rotind and our future
reports will be confined to specials. L. W. M.

Rum, Ruin and Repose.

FLORIDA is cursed with one very prominent schemer
and political lobbyist whose thoughts never rise
above the dirt. When he issues his printed syllabus on
the things that should be let alone, there rises the
effluvium of moral cesspools. "Let these alone,"-for
"by this craft we obtain our wealth!" As the legisla-
ture was fast approaching, and as the prohibition senti-
ment was focusing upon a resolutionto submit the ques-
tion of state prohibition to popular vote, this guardian
of dirt and shekels issued his manifesto in the chief or-
gan of the liquorites, which read about thus! "Let us
have no agitation of the question of state prohibition at
this legislature; we have had a money panic; the state
needs repose!"
In this manifesto the keynote is money. And for the
sake of money he invites us to repose in rum and ruin!
Rather than interfere with what he conceives to be a
great help to business he would stand in defense of
that thing, even though it blights and damns everything
it touches! The climax of repose for a hog is when he
is lying in a mudhole. Some of our so-called leaders of
thought need only two more legs to make the resemb-
lance complete. Their noses plow the mud of the finan-
cial world, and the moral and political character of the
state is a matter of no consideration to them. They
find "repose" even in rum and ruin if the thing is thread-
ed with a dollar mark. And yet these dirt eaters try
to prove themselves to be the greatest teachers on the
question of "individual rights." This is nothing but 4
mere excuse for their favorable attitude toward the
saloon. They have sense enough to know that the
public good always takes precedence over the individual
good. If the exercise of individual rights in anything
militates against the body corporate, any sane man
knows that such individual rights must be surrendered
for the public good. The saloon business is set for the





accommodation of the individual right to come and drink
liquor for pay. But the exercise of that right is bring-
ing damnation and ruin to the body corporate. In the
one item of crime the saloon stands convicted by the
best judges and court dockets of furnishing fully sev-
enty per cent. Must the body corporate endure all this
in order to preserve and respect the rights of an indi-
Svidual to drink liquor? It is preposterous, and any sane
man knows it. Even our governor is guilty of this silly
argument. We are told that when a committee from the
W. C. T. U. presented a bouquet to him and invited
him to attend a temperance mass meeting in Tallahassee
he proceeded to lecture them on individual rights, and
expressing his hope that prohibition would fail. In this
he not only shows his lack of sound logic, but convicts
himself of hypocrisy. For, did he not furnish his cam-
paign orators with his democratic bait that he was a
local optionist, and had helped by his vote to "dry"
his own county? In this he interfered with his neigh-
bor's "individual right" to sell on the one hand, and to
buy and drink on the other. But at that time he was
out of the executive mansion; now he is in! Chameleon!
And now he, too, would have us repose in rum and ruin
rather than touch the ark of individual rights. Some-
body is of more importance than everybody! If that
is statesmanship, may God pity the type.
Moreover, these apostles of dirt know that not only
does the saloon business breed seventy per cent of the
crime of our land, but that its banishment reduces
crime from fifty to sixty per cent, with its attendant
cost. Such is only a part of the benefits to the body cor-
porate; yet we must not only retain this budget of crime,
but its progeny of human shame, and filth, and poverty,
and death, as the mudhole in which to "repose" for the
sake of individual right and the almighty dollar! By
the way, we are only assuming, for the sake of argu-
ment, that the loss of the saloon would hurt business.,
Really it has never hurt business nor imposed a lasting
burden on any community that has given it a fair trial.
On the contrary, the financial balance has generally been
a large one in favor of the dry regime. But even if this
were not true, it is unworthy any true statesman or
legislative lobbyist to find sweet "repose" upon the
bosom of the greatest crime breeder for the sake of a
dollar and the "rights" of an individual. Upon such
a pillow let no true statesman fall asleep.

Colonial Methodists.

TWO'hundred and fifty colonial Methodists were
found in Tampa recently. They belonged to some
pastors in other parts of the country. Those pastors
did not encourage the duty of signing the declaration
of independence from their charges, but thought best
to hold them as colonial possessions in distant parts.
They did not want the sun to set upon their flag. Truly
the world is their parish. In numbering Israel they are
determined to report no decrease at the annual con-
ference; and then the hope of financial income by taxing
these distant colonists was a strong incentive to planting
their flag even in "strange cities." Those ecclesiastical
kings did not even write to the pastors in these strange
cities to act as chaplain among the colonists, fearing
that their subjects might become confederate with the
"people of the land," and throw off the yoke of alleg-
iance to the mother country-sometimes a graveyard!
Well, such a policy results in weakening not only the
local church to which these colonists belong, but the
church as a whole. In the main it is a leak in the
mother church, and as the mother church is an integral
part of the church as a whole, it follows that the whole
of Methodism suffers from this leakage.
The pastor of the home church rarely ever shares un-
broken loyalty and support from his distant subjects.
It is not always willful disregard of the claims of the
church now separated from them that neutralizes their
usefulness, but it is simply a natural result of being
removed from the immediate scenes of that which once
appealed to their sight and hearing. Things out of sight
and hearing do not now appear so urgent and imperative.
Hence the distant colonist is a financial and spiritual

leak to the mother church. As to the value of numbers,
a pastor should have regard to the church as a whole
and not simply to build up his little corner of the
statistical tables to show what a success he is. It is
true, some preachers will depreciate another if the re-
port does not show an increase in spite of all hindrances.
For the last two years the writer of this editorial has
reported a decrease ,and it has been the case several
times. This fact was employed against us in the
appointments. But we shall never be moved from our
purpose to be true to the church as a whole. If we do not
call the roll, we are sure to appoint an intelligent com-
mittee to inform; us of the whereabouts of absent mem-
bers. If they are in distant parts, and their new home
is known, the pastor in that part of Methodism will cer-
tainly be informed of their presence. We shall keep up
no colonies in order to save the plus mark at conference.
Dropped "by order of the church conference" shall be
seen opposite the name of the "lost sight of," even if
the presiding elder cuts off our head because we do not
choke the statistical table. Pastors, is it not better to
lose your own reputation as a statistical ramrod than
to let your members get lost in a crowd? Colonial
Methodists are always lost in a crowd. Other churches
will find them in their lost condition and apply the
proselytic art. Don't say that the pastors in our cities
are wholly responsible for the loss of your colonial
Methodists. Those pastors are not made ubiquitous by
some miraculous power. They are men of like passions
with you ,and subject to the same limitations. Those
pastors of Tampa who found two hundred and fifty
lost Methodists in a few days proved themselves fishers
of lost members; but how much earlier this work might
have been done, and how much hard tramping would
have been avoided had they been informed of their pres-
ence in the city. So much for this phase of the sub-
ject. We reserve a few thoughts for the members who
sit down and wait for some one to discover their church
relations by their color of their hair!

Things Seen On A
Church Register.

NONE of us are perfect in our knowledge of how
things should be done; therefore our criticisms
should be kindly offered and as kindly received. A ram-
ble through a church register a few days ago brought
to our view some rather amusing entries, a few samples
of which are herewith given. As all secretaries of
Church Conferences can plainly see, there is a caption on
the left page which reads thus: "When and How
Received." In the first column there is space given to
show a possible change of name in the case of a female,
-which of course has nothing to do with the manner of
reception. In this column we found the word "gone."
Logically this indicated that the member had married
some one by the name of "gone," since the column is
dedicated "To Whom Married." What makes it still
more amusing is that the entry is opposite the name of
a male. It is sometimes true that when male or female
marries they are "gone!" Another column under "how
received" is captioned "by vows," and another by "bap-
tism." Across these two columns was written: "From
the Baptist Church." Thus the "When and How Re-
ceived" was answered by telling where the member came
from! This leaves out the manner of reception and the
chronology. As the Baptists claim to be without begin-
ning of days or end of time perhaps the chronology
would be useless! In the column for "vows" we found
the word "yes." This leaves out the time of,reception.
The simple entry of the date in that column would have
answered the when and how received, since the date
would fall under the how at the top of column.
Again, on the right of page we have the general cap-
tion as to the time and manner of removal of members.
In the "withdrawal" column this entry appears: "In-
quire; address unknown." Another entry in the same
column reads thus: "Lost sight of." Both of these
entries should have been put in the form of the date on
which the church conference or revision committee de-
cided that the parties were lost sight of, said date to
be entered in the column entitled "By order of church

conference." In tL column for removals by &zath we
found such entti,; as these: "Dead," "Died," "In
Peace," "In great '4aci," "Died in great Peace." Is-it
not plain that sincere .olumn is marked -bf' .latb"
the simple entry of a d"tanswers the question of when
and how removed? Somet ` s the date is not known;
but in such cases a ditto, or aross mark is all that is
necessary. All such marks sho be the same, however,
since it mars the beauty of a reg. er to use a variety of
If our reader needs instruction on a subject in hand
let him bear in mind that all entries a to receptions or
removals are simply in the form of date For instance,
if a member was received by vows on +he 28th of
March, 1909, then entry would fall in the lumn for
"vows," and would appear thus: 28 Mar. '09.Suppose
said member died on this date; the same entry'\ip the
death column of removals would tell the time and an-
of removal. All of which means that the how is already
entered at the top of column, and the when is all th
entry that is needed. Do not write "gone," "gone to
Georgia," "moved away," "joined the Advents." The
first three of these should be declared by the church
conference or revision committee- as lost sight of, and
the simple date of that declaration entered in the column
that is headed "By order of Church Conference." Such
removals as "joined the Advents" might properly be
regarded as withdrawals. The church conference or re-
vision committee should officially declare such parties as
having withdrawn, and the date of such decision should
be entered in the column headed "withdrawn." Do not
mar the register with check marks and crosses alongside
the names of members. It serves no real purpose. The
columns that are provided for receptions and removals
will answer every question without a check mark. Above
all things do not separate the males and females, es-
pecially since the apostle says there, is "neither male nor
female, but all are one in Christ Jesus."

Editorial Correspondence.

OWING to the fact that bur editorial pages were
given to the Jacksonville issue last week our peri-
patetic adventures in an editorial way were left out of
the paper. Let no one think, however, that they were
not such as to be worthy of engaging the editorial pen-
cil. On the contrary, our trip was one long to be remem-
Upon the invitation of our brother, M. O. Williams, we
visited his charge and preached three times to the good
people who assembled at Bethel Church. The occasion
was a bLaymen's Rally." On Saturday the scene may
be imagined when we say that "there was dinner on the
ground." There was a great crowd of intelligent people
assembled, Columbia county's best citizens. As a beau-
tiful write-up of the occasion appears elsewhere, we will
speak more directly concerning some impressions the
"Rally" made upon us.
We were pleased with the whole program. As it ap-
pears to us, the young pastor in charge has struck the
key note, giving his people something to do. Every
number on the excellent program was carried out by
home talent except two. A few were crowded out be-
cause of lack of time. When we hear men of such un-
blemished character as those who were on that program,
pleading for larger things for the church, we may well
thank God and take courage.
We know of no better plan by means of which our
people may be instructed than by the plan adopted by
Bro. Villiams. One item impressed us most favorably.
He had every publication of our church conspicuously
displayed, and gave a brief explanation of the work each
was expected to advance. The Florida Christian Advo-
cate was the central sun, about which all the other lit-
erary satellites revolved.
Besides these samples of our periodical literature, the
pastor and Bro. McLeran displayed an abundance of good
tracts on various phases of church work. All were eag-
erly taken away and read. We believe they will bear
We have no greater need today than the circulation of
our religious literature. By means of this seed sowing
we will surely reap a rich harvest.




By Bishop Warrer A. Candler.
The adversities whin our Southern col-
leges suffered dm-uil the war and the re-
,verses they met during desolating years
of the period o' reconstruction have put
our institution of learning relatively far
behind thoseof other sections in the mat-
ter of financial strength. The South has,
therefore, many of the smaller institu-
tions of the country which are hampered
liy ,arrow means, and for this cause our
colleges and universities can be more
easilyy dominated by the methods and gifts
of "The General Education Board." Such
universities as Harvard and Yale can not
lie so easily tempted with promised gifts
because they are already very rich.
But while such is the case with our in-
stitutions of learning, their condition is
not so nearly hopeless as to justify de-
spair concerning them, or to excuse a
mendicant attitude towards this "General
Education Board" to save them. They are
quite able to maintain themselves in an
attitude of serene independence of "The
General Education Board," "the Carnegie
Foundation," and all their allies.
In the South the colleges and universi-
ties for white students, not to mention
our secondary schools and the colleges for
negroes, are worth above $36,000,000. This
large sun has been accumulated in the
main since the war, and it has come from
the contributions made by our own peo-
ple struggling with their poverty, and
from the gifts of such noble men- as Geo.
1. Seney and others of like mind, who
came to our help without attaching hu-
miliating conditions to their generous do-
nations, or seeking to dominate our insti-
tutions by the methods of their giving.
We can not hope to receive from this
"General Education Board" any amount
comparable with what we now have in
our own right and which we administer
without impertinent direction from with-
out. Why should we allow- the smaller
investment of "The General Education
Board" to determine the direction of the
larger amount which we already have?
Shall a minority stockholder assume airs
of superiority and undertake to tell us
what course shall be followed in the ad-
ministration of our educational funds?
Shall we not say to one who approaches
us with a little wad of money and a big
amount of authority, "Your money perish
with you. We are abundantly able to
take care of our own affairs ?"
The whole attitude of "The General
Education Board" towards the authorities
of our colleges and universities is one of
distrust. Trustees and faculties are not
to lbe trusted "to insure the best applica-
tion of money," and hence the Board's
complex conditions and complicated re-
quirements affixed to its gifts. They can
not he trusted so much as to determine
the final locations upon which colleges
are to stand; the Board is to "look over
the whole territory of the nation" and
settle where institutions shall live and
where others shall die. These fifteen
sages whe are its managers, running over
the lines described by "the little coloured

pins" in the' Board's office in New York,
it is assumed will know better what
should be done in this matter than all the
boards of trustees and other college au-
thorities in the land. They have also
made up their unerring minds to the effect
that the imparting of theological instruc-
tion in colleges is to be discouraged, dis-
dounted, and discredited, and that no
money furnished by the Board, or raised
under the stimulation of its conditional
gifts, shall be used for any such unworthy
purpose. Such an assumption of superior
wisdom is positively sublime if it were
not ridiculous.
That representatives of Southern col-
leges are looked upon as a mendicant lot
has been but thinly concealed by the lead-
ing spirits in this movement. Perhaps
some of our college men have justified by
their posture the depreciatory view en-
tertained concerning them by their North-
ern patrons. One of the ardent support-
ers of this educational movement thus de-
scribed some who flocked to the meeting
of "The Conference for Education in the
South" which met at Athens, Ga., a few
y,-ars ago:
"Unfortunately for Southern reputation
for good breeding, there was at the Ath-
ens Conference, for example, a swarm of
educational and institutional mendicants
who seemed to imagine that every North-
ern man was a millionaire philanthropist
waiting to be informed about the pressing
needs of the South. .They disgraced them-
selves at the time."
If there were at Athens any consider-
able number of men who thus disgraced
our section, the fact is a symptom of a
disease among our educational authorities
which can not be cauterized and cured too
quickly. XWhat must be the degrading in-
fluence upon the students of our colleges,
if teachers and trustees thus prostrate
themselves at the feet of supercilious
wealth and arrogant opulence? No degree
of poverty can excuse such mendicancy.
We do not need money for our colleges so
badly that we can descend to such meth-
ods to obtain it.
In truth we do not need to beg anybody
to pay for the education of our sons and
daughters. We are quite able to attend
to that matter ourselves. We have not as
many rich men and women among us as
other sections have; but we have some
people of means and they owe it to them-
selves and to their section to take the
lead in endowing and equipping our col-
leges so as to enable them to do their
work well without coming under obliga-
tions to strangers. I would not have our
people of wealth to do all that is needed;
it is not best for the freedom and inde-
pendence of a college to ,come under too
heavy .1 i; ,;.,,..- to any one man or
woman. If the late Jay Gould had found-
ed or endowed a college it would have been
next to, impossible to have warned suc-
cessfully the students of such an institu-
ti6n against the evils of stock-gambling,
just as the institutions which draw their
support from the funds of "General Edu-
cation Board" will be impotent to con-
demn effectively the iniquities of the
Standard Oil Company or the enormities

of the protective tariff from which the
Steel Trust has drawn its countless mil-
lions. In the case of Prof. Bemis at the
University of Chicago a few years ago
the country had a sample case of what
becomes of a professor of political econo-
my whose teaching fails to agree with the
views and interest of the man who founds
and maintains a college all by himself.
We want no such institution in the South.
We want our colleges to be dependent
upon the people whom they serve, and un-
der no commanding obligation to any one
man however wise and virtuous he may
\While, therefore, our rich men and
women must lead in the work of endow-
ing and equipping our institutions of
higher learning, the bulk of the great
work must be accomplished by the gen-
erous co-operation of all the people. Our
people of moderate means by a multitude
of smaller gifts must follow the lead of
our wealthier people with their larger
donations in putting our colleges beyond
want and beyond the temptation to men-
dicant subjection to the ambitious "Gen-
eral Education Board" striving to "deter-
mine the character of American educa-
In truth it would not be best for our
colleges to grow in wealth faster than the
people whom they are set to serve. If
one of our institutions should be made
suddenly as rich as Harvard or Yale the
scale of living at such a college would so
quickly rise as that its benefits would be
put beyond the reach of most of the peo-
ple among us who seek college training
for their sons. Free tuition would not
offset the rise in the price of board and
the increased social expense which would
instantly spring from such sudden enrich-
ment. Our colleges need help and much
help, but they do not need to get above
our people.
In addition to all these considerations
must be enumerated another asset which
we have by which our case is greatly re-
lieved. We have self-sacrificing educators
among us upon whom we may rely with
confidence to spurn all seductions which
lead in the direction of enslaving our in-
stitutions of learning to the dictatorial
domination of "The General Education
Board" and the "Carnegie Foundation"
tend to depreciate and discredit. Here is
a force which millions can neither buy
nor vanquish.
The New York Commercial of March
8th, in commenting on the ineffectual ef-
fort of the heads of Brown University,
Vanderbilt University, Kenyon College,
and a dozen other institutions which were
trying to get the restrictions of the Car-
negie Foundation so relaxed with refer-
ence to denominational disabilities as to
get on that pension fund, said, "It is sig-
nificant that no Catholic college president
is among those who now seek to have
the denominational restriction ignored."
The explanation of this significant fact
is found in a note written by the Prefect
of Studies of St. John's College, Brook-
lyn, to the President of the "Carnegie
Foundation," in which he said:
"You will not be able to understand
how this institution is maintained almost

without revenue. The explanation is the
self-sacrifice of twenty men iwho devote
their lives to the work without remunera-
tion. These mlen do not, as far as I know,
expect any assistance from the 'Carnegie
Foundation.' Whether they will be eligi-
ble or not will be a matter for you to
determine. In any case they will prob-
ably never accept any assistance from
the Foundation."
Certainly the colleges of the Roman
Catholic Church will not come uflder the
dominion of any secular board whatso-
ever, however great may be its proffered
gifts or however glowing may be its
golden promises., Protestant institutions
and the institutions of the Sates should
note the basis of the independence of
Catholic institutions and pluck up cour-
age to "determine the character of Ameri-
can education." Their faculties are as
rich in self-sacrifice as the faculties of
Roman Catholic colleges, and with such
an asset in their possession they may bid
defiance to all opposition.
The hope of the country at last will be
found in the small colleges which the peo-
ple whom they serve support. The over-
rich institutions, which have become in-
dependent of all civil and ecclesiastical
oversight, are not doing the best educa-
tional work now, and they never have
done it. The denominational college
these plutocratic boards so depreciate has
done more for the country than all the
obese and apoplectic institutions which
assume to look down upon them. Of the
seventeen presidents of the United States
who were college men, twelve were grad-
uates of denominational schools. So were
six of the eight college men who have
been chief justices on the Supreme bench
of the United States. Webster came out
of Dartmouth college when it was de-
nominational to its core, and Longfellow
came out of Bowdoin before that institu-
tion renounced its faith in order to get
on 'the "Cirnegie Foundation." Haw-
thorne, Sydney Lanier, John Hay, Elihu
Root, John C. Calhoun, Alfred I-I. Colquitt,
L. Q. C. Lamar, and the present Secretary
of State, all came from church schools.
The denominational college can safely
compare products with the output of any
secularized or subsidized institution.
Moreover, the small colleges of both the
States and the Churches have endowments
in the small gifts of their constituencies
which the endowments offered by "The
General Education Board" can in no wise
equal. For example, the Methodists of
Georgia give to Emory college annually
about $5,000, which is equivalent to the
interest on an endowment of $100,000.
The State of Georgia appropriates to the
University at Athens far more than this.
Why should these gifts of our own peo-
ple be subjected to the domination of any
outside authority. Why should our edu-
cators stand like mendicants with hats
in hand for small gifts from alien sources
when they have such constituencies be-
hind them. Why should we despair of
our colleges, and ignobly surrender our
educational independence and academic
freedom for a conditional gift from the
"General Education Board" or a profes-
sor's pension from the "Carnegie Founda-





tion?" Why should we barter away our
birthright for a mess of pottage from the
predatory trusts?
We are in no danger unless we can be
bought. We are not in desperate straits
iuless our people are desperately mean
spirited and mendicant. I can not think
so ill of my people. They are not going
to sell out or surrender. They are going
to take care of their own colleges and
preserve their own civilization. They will
do this at all cost, and cost what it may
our people are well able to pay the bill.
It is a time for large views and cour-
ageous self-sacrifice, for fearless fidelity
and daring generosity. For one I confi-
dently expect our people to resent any
effort to allure their colleges away from
them. They will both keep their colleges
and care for them. Any other course
would be unworthy of the traditions of
the past and would dim all our hopes
of the future.


By R. Ira Barnett.

Third Paper: Presiding Elders.
At the Christmas conference of 1784
there were only enough elders elected
and ordained to visit all the quarterly
conferences and administer the sacra-
ments over the circuits. This was the
appointment from which came the pre-
siding eldership. It was made law that,
in the absence of the Superintendent, any
three of these elders could enforce order
and fill vacancies in the charges. They
are called elders in the Discipline. In
1786 their official functions are defined
thus (with respect to the individual pre-
siding elder-or, elder) : "To exercise
within his own district, in absence of the
superintendent, all powers vested in them
for the government of the Church, pro-
vided lie never act contrary to the express
order of the superintendents." In 1787:
"[n absence of the bishop to take charge
of all the deacons," which implies that
all elders were then presiding elders. The
name "presiding elder" occurred for the
first time in the Discipline of 1792, and
was in the Minutes of the same year but
simply that it might conform to, the plan
of the Council. It disappeared entirely
after those dates until 1797 when it re-
appears in the Minutes and in the official
records of McKendree. In the General
'C(onference of 1792 (the first) the office
ol presiding elder was made a part of
the Church polity. Before, the bishops
liad assumed the right to appoint them.
it was made a matter of the constitution
because some feared that it would become
unmanageable otherwise. There had been
no limit to the term of office, and some
had served certain districts for many
years. Theid induction into the office be-
ing one in time with their ordination as
elder, great reverence was coming to gath-
er about the office and the right of the
bishop to remove the incumbent was be-
ginning to lie questioned by many. As-
I1ury and others thought it wise to make
i', a constitutional office with a term
limit. It was made an office of four
years term. *
As early as 1790 there was severe criti-
cisnm of the 'presiding eldership, Asbury
tells us, ail therefore Asbury and Coke
put .notes ip the Discimpline of this year

claiming New Testament authority for
the office and arguing that the presiding
elder should be made amenable to the con-
ference while being appointed by the
In 1800 Ormond's motion to make the
office elective inaugurated a controversy
which lasted for a quarter of a century
and after 1808 waxed hotter and hotter
until it was finally settled in 1828 that
the bishop has the right to appoint to the
office. Without going into details of this
long controversy we will let it suffice to
say that Asbury and McKendree were un-
alterably opposed to making the office
elective, that when the motion in favor
of the elective presiding eldership was
passed in 1820 McKendree told the con-
ference that he didn't feel himself bound
to heed their action inasmuch as it was
a violation of the constitution, that Soule,
being elected to the bishopric, resigned on
the ground that he considered the action
unconstitutional and could not serve un-
der the new law, and that, after all the
hot contest following the reconsideration
of this action in 1820 the conference of
1828 settled the matter in favor of the
episcopal appointing power, from which
time it has never been called up in con-
The bishop's "cabinet" started with Mc-
Kendree, and, though never made a part
of our Discipline, the continues universally

Before proceeding with the discussion
of this very important question, I would
like to call your attention to a few sig-
nificant facts from the statistics of the
M. E. Church, South, for 1908.
1. We raised for all purposes $10,-
2. The General Board and the Wom-
an's Board of Foreign Missions raised
3. Of this amount we spent in the
United States, for missions $67,857.
4. This left for missions in foreign
countries $647,203.
5. The whole amount of missionary
money expended in the United States, in-
cluding Church Extension, was $528,861.
6. We contribute for the conversion
of the heathen an average per member of
forty-two cents.
7. On each of the 8,000,000 souls to
whom we minister in the United States'
we expended $1,28.
S. On each of the 40,000,000 of hea-
then for whom we are responsible we ex-"
pended one and one-half cents.
9. The proportion was eighty-five times
as much at home as abroad.
10. On each of the six million unsaved
of our own population we expended in
missionary money alone, nine cents.
11. On each of the 40,000,000 heathen
for whom we are responsible we expended
one and one-half cents.
12. Those at home had $10,000,000 al-
ready to their credit, the heathen nothing;
those at home home Christian light and
civilization, those abroad a heathen envi-
13. If it requires $10,000,000 annually
to keep 8,000,000 evangelized, how long
will it take a little over a half million an-
nually to evangelize 40,000,000?
14. If it is necessary to expend $528,-
861 'missionary money on 8,000,000 in a


Christian land, is the sum of $647,26' a
reasonable response to the needs of 40,-
000,000 in heathen lands?
These are questions that should vitally
interest every one of us-especially the
members of the M. E. Church South. We
should take them upon our conscience and
ponder them prayerfully. It has been
estimated that, since we now employ only
one missionary for every 158,000 of our
share of the heathen, and we contribute
only one and one-half cents toward the
evangelization of each or the 40,000,000,
that it will require two hundred years
to evangelize this number.
But it is the purpose and desire of the
Laymen's Missionary Movement to evan-
gelize them during this generation, To
accomplish this will require the employ-
ment of 1600 missionaries and the outlay
of -$3,000,000 annually. How shall we
raise this amount? It means four times
the many and missionaries we now sup-
ply, and yet it is less than one missionary
to every 1,000 of our membership and
less than $2 annually on an average for
each member of our Church. The South-
ern Presbyterian Church inasmuch as
they are responsible for 25,000,000 of the
heathen have resolved to raise $1,000,000
annually, or an average of $4 per member.
Can we not raise $3,000,000 annually?
Surely we can. How shall we do it?
I am glad to say that the Convention
of the Laymen's Missionary Movement
proposed a plan which if adopted by ev-
ery member of the Church will not only
enable us to raise this amount of mis-
sionary money but will solve every finan-
cial problem of th'e Church. This plan
they embodied in the following resolu-
Whereas our Southland has been bless-
ed with great increase of wealth; and
whereas riches will be a curse to us un-
less we recognize our stewardship for
God; and whereas the only safe financial
basis for the individual Christian and the
Church is that set forth in God's word-
viz., for each to lay by in store as God
has prospered him a portion of his in-
come which lie recognizes as holy unto
the Lord; and whereas such habit would
settle our financial problems; therefore
be it
Resolved: That we urge each member
of every Church to adopt the plan of
paying not less than one-tenth of his
income to God's cause.
This is the plan which I wish to discuss
and to urge its adoption upon every mem-
ber of this Church. It is the Divine Law
of giving. It is the Tithe plan, which is
laid down and enjoined in God's own
Giving unto the Lord is an homage
which we should delight to render. He
has left us in no doubt as to the obliga-
tion, the manner, and the method of per-
forming this most sacred duty. Some one
has said that there are six ways of giv-
ing; the careless way, the impulsive way,
the shirking way, the selfish way, the sys-
tematic way, and the heroic self-sacrific-
ing way. God's way is the systematic
waey-and so should ours be. Our giving
should be an act of worship, cheerful,
and according to the rule of three:
INDIVIDUALLY ("Let every one of
you) SYSTEMATICALLY (lay by him in
store on the first day of the week) PRO-
PORTIONATELY (As God has prospered
him"). God has honored us as rational

*----..- S

beings by placing our giving upon a ra-
tional basis.
We are not proprietors or owners, but
stewards of God's bounties. This is God's
world; He made it and us; it is all his;
it was his before we came and will be his
when we are gone. He has only intrusted
us with a portion of it as his stewards,
and as such stewards we must all give
an account of our stewardship. It is the
revealed will of God that one-tenth of the
goods in His world shall go to the help of
those in need and to the extension of his
As we study his word we find that there
are two uses to which we can put the
portion of his substance with which lie
has intrusted us. One is to run the busi-
ness of this world. The other, to con-
tribute to the relief of his poor and to
extend his kingdom. In his great wisdom
He has made provision for both; he fore-
saw that nine-tenths of the increase of
the world would be sufficient to run its
business; tie other tenth he set apart,
by divine decree, unto Him and for his
kingdom on the earth. You who do not
pay this tenth are robbing God. Thus has
God set his seal upon one-tenth of the
substance of the world and set it apart
for the use of his kingdom as clearly as
lie has set his seal upon one-seventh of
time. These two things-time and sub-
stance-run parallel through the Bible,
and as one has said "lie at the basis of
living." If we use them aright we build
upon a rock; if not, we wreck the foun-
dation of our whole life.
3B reference to God's own word for a
few minutes we can easily find authority
for saying that tithing was a law of God's
chosen people, that it has never been re-
pealed and is the law which Christ ap-
proved and which should be our guide in
In Lev. 27:30: "And all the tithe of
the land, whether of the seed of the land
or of the fruit of the tree, is the Lord's;
it is holy unto the Lord."
The authority for tithing does not rest
merely upon this Jewish statute. In Gen.
15:20, we find that Abraham returning
from the rescue of Lot and his property
went at once to "the priest of the most
high God" and gave him tithes of all.
And when Jacob had the vision of the
ladder, and received the assurance of the
blessing of God, he reared an altar and
vowed, "Of all that thou shalt give me,
I will surely give the tenth unto Thee."
(Gen. 28:22). Also, in Matt. 23:23, Christ
said "Woe unto you, scribes and Phari-
sees, hypocrites; for ye pay tithe of minti
and anise and cuimmin, and have omitted
the weightier matters of the law. judg-
ment, mercy and faith: these ought ye to
have done, and not to leave the other
undone." So we see that it was practiced
by Abraham and by Jacob four hundred
years before it was made a law for the
Israelites: it was practised by the Phari-
sees and approved by Christ long after
the decay of the Jewish nation: therefore
it is upheld by a long chain of sacred his-
tory beginning four hundred years before
there was a Jewish statute and running
to the time of Christ.
The tithe was "holy unto the Lord."
Tithing was a religious act. Some, who
oppose the law of the tithe, have stated
that it was merely a secular tax, designed
to protect the taxpayer from being robbed
(Continued on page 14.)

-C, I-'


Entered at the Postoffice at Jacksonville, Fla., as second-class matter.

N. H. WILLIAMS, Editor. L. W. MOORE, Associate Editor.
Subscription-$1.50 a year in advance. Ministers-One Dollar.
The preachers of the Florida Conference are our authorized agents for The
Write all names distinctly. In ordering the paper changed give the old as well as
the new address. All communications relating to the business or editorial depart-
ments should be addressed to N. H. Williams, Box 841, Jacksonville, Fla.
All correspondence relating to advertising should be addressed to N. H. Williams.

Published Every Thursday by the
Rev. L. W. Moore, Chairman; Rev. W. J. Carpenter, Rev. T. J. Nixon, Rev. J. P.
Hilburn, D. D., Mr. G. I. Davis, Dr. G. B. Glover, Prof. W. N. Sheats.



A protracted meeting was recently held
at Sirnons, Greenville, charge, in which
the pastor was assisted by Rev. W. T.
Brantley, of Carrabelle. Five were added
on profession of faith.
A protracted meeting at Madison was
begun on the 14th, and will continue two
weeks. Brother Lowe is being assisted by
the Rev. Mr. Swope, whose preaching is
said to be in power and demonstration of
the Spirit.

Easter Sunday at Tallahassee was full
of good and great things. The congrega-
tion in the morning was full, and the ser-
mon was equally full of good thoughts,
while the evening congregation was on the
packing order, and the Epworth League
displayed to great advantage.

Rev. IL B. Perritt, of Greenville, goes to
Mayo this week to assist Brother Haeflin-
ger in a meeting. Brother Haeflinger will
need a junior preacher soon if he has many
more meetings like the one at Dowling
Park, which is territory uncovered by any
other charge.
Bro. Tomkies writes in a private note:
My wife is very sick; has been confined
to her bed for two weeks. Our daughter,
Mrs. Hargrove, is here. I write this be-
cause we have a few friends in some
parts of the State who would like to know
her condition. When 1 am in a better
stale of mind I want to write a letter or
two for the Advocate."

\We acknowledge the receipt of an invi-
tation from Brother Tresca to visit Wau-
chula soon. We certainly would be glad
to go, but see no chance till later in the
year. The many tokens of appreciation
on the part of our dear brethren make us
feel more and more the desire to do our
lhst work in an effort to make some small
return for their kindness. Bro. Tresca is
now in a meeting at Wauchula. May God
give the increase!

We are in receipt of a pamphlet, which
contains the substance of a sermon
preached by Rev. E. K. Denton, our pastor
at Dade City, on "Ancient Craft Masonry."
The sermon was preached to Master Ma-
sons in the church, together with a promis-

cuous congregation, so that the leading
points in the subject, only, are touched
upon. The pamphlet is dedicated to the
Masonic Fraternity throughout the coun-
try, by Dr. Denton.

Bro. F. M. C. Eads writes that his
work, Reddick Circuit, is one of the best
charges in the Conference. Everything is
in good shape. He says that his people
esteem the Advocate very highly, which
we can well believe, because he has been
sending in new subscribers. He says some
kind things personal which we heartily ap-
preciate. His kind invitation to come to
Reddick will be accepted if ever we get.
the chance. We do wish we could go to,
see all our dear brethren. An article from
his pen will appear later.

The associate editor had a great day at.
Sirmans, Greenville charge, on the 10th.
and 11th. The new church was completed
and newly painted, and the religious pride.
of the community ran high. A big as-
sembly on Saturday and Sunday with a
feast of fat things following a sermon
which we enjoyed whether others did or
not. Brother McGill, the junior preacher,
preached near by at another church, and
had two applications for membership, one
on profession and the other by certificate.
The one on profession comes from the
Jordan, of her own free will and accord.

In a private letter Dr. T. N. Ivey, editor
of the Raleigh Christian Advocate, has
the following kind 'words to say about
the Florida Christian Advocate: "I enjoy
your paper. You have plenty of moss in
Florida, but there is none on the Florida
Advocate." Thank you, Doctor, we are
able to return the compliment, not for
politeness sake, but in simple truthfulness.
The "Old Raleigh" renews her strength
with each issue, and is eagerly read in this
office. We believe the frequent use of the
matter contained in its pages by this ed-
itor, shows better than words, his real ap-
preciation of its worth.
Children's Day Programs.
Bro. Superintendent or Pastor:
We are ordering out programs for Chil-
dren's Day. If you wish them and will

observe the day in the interest of your
Conference Sunday school work, write at
once that we may serve you. We have
ordered out over 1,000 copies to date and
indications are that the day will be more
than usually well observed. If you have
nat attended to this, do so at once. Send
orders for programs to your secretary.
Quincy, Fla.
Under the above title Bishop Candler's
recent articles on the educational issue
have been printed in pamphlet form. The
pamphlet can be obtained of the Lester
Book Company, Atlanta, Ga.
Dear Bro. Williams: Please allow me
space in your columns to express my
heartfelt thanks toward the Starke Ep-
worth League for the donation of $6.00 to-
wards our support. May God ever bless
the Epworth Leagues, and all the officers.
The above gift was in answer to our cry
for help of some weeks past. Oh, how we
praise God for hearing and answering our
prayer. We also thank those that have
sent us tracts and papers to give to our
people. May God bless each and every one
is our prayers!
Clara, Fla.

Will all the visitors and delegates who
expect to be at the Annual Meeting of
the W. F. M. Society which convenes in
Ft. Myers May 8-11, please note this care-
fully: We have one passenger train at
1:05 each day and one passenger train at
11:05 each night. Let all who can possibly
get here on the day train do so; all who
can not should come on the train Friday
night, in order that you may be at the
reception Saturday evening, and also get
rested for Sunday services. All who
must get to Ft. Myers on the night train
will please to state same in sending
names, to Rev. Fred. Pixton, Pastor.
Mrs. 0. L. Johnson, President.
Mrs. P. H. Rhue, Rec. Sec.
Ft. Myers, Fla., April 10.

Dear Bro. Williams: A little over one
week has passed since our meeting closed.
:Bro. D. B. Strouse, of Salem, Va., preached
about two weeks and in the wind-up Bro.
M.yres preached a few sermons. Some souls
were saved and the personal experiences
of many of God's children were enriched
and strengthened. There were seven ap-
plicants for membership, six of them by
profession of faith.
Our church is sadly bereaved by the
death of Brother D. C. Lee, who passed
away last week. He was one of our very
best men and prominent members. No
doubt a fuller notice will be furnished the
Advocate. JAS. T. MITCHELL.
Kissimmee, Fla., April 12, 1909.
Dear Bro. Williams-I wish to acknowl-
edge, through the Advocate, the receipt of
two coops of chickens sent to the Orphan-
age by our good brother, Rev. Thomas
Williams, from the Leon Circuit. The gift
is much appreciated by the children.
ILet others take notice. There is room

for more in our ample yards at the Home.
I want to urge all the pastors who did
not find it practicable to take the offering
for the Orphanage on the fourth Sunday in
March to remember the orphans as soon
as possible. Money is needed, and the re-
turns from the 4th Sunday collections are
very small-not as much, so far, as one
church in this city contributed to this
cause last October. T. GRIFFITH,
Secretary and Treasurer.
Our pastor Rev. J. B. Ley, sends us a
beautifully and artistically arranged
Easter program, and the following note
concerning the exercises: "Beginning with
the Bible school, Easter day with us was
almost a red letter day. The weather was
ideal. Florial decorations were elaborate
and artistic; the music through all the
services of the day was especially fine, led
by our full orchestra and chorus of twen-
ty-five voices. Doors of the church were
opened and sixteen were added to the
church; thirteen on profession of faith and
three by letter. Collections for Confer-
ence Claimants and Domestic Missions, as
a simple free-will thanks offering reached
$200. The church was crowded to its
doors, chairs being used in the aisles."
J. B. LEY,
Received to date:
From F. M. C. Eads ............. $10 00
From C. S. E'ddington ............ 5 00
From T. J. Nixon ................ 10.00
From M. T. Bell ................. 2 50
From T. J. Phillips ................ 3 00
From R. H. Barnett .............. 20 00

Total received ...............$50 50
As we are to pay $700 for the support of
our missionary in Cuba, Brother Riero, the
above statement shows we are $124.50
short of a sufficient amount to pay his
first quarter's salary. I make this report
that we may all know just how much is
paid in and how much is needed.
R. H. BARNETT, Treasurer.
Ocala, Fla.
"The revival meeting conducted by Rev.
T. C. Bradford, assisted by Evangelist
Morrill and his wife, closed Tuesday. It
was a fine meeting, awakening, and far-
reaching in its influence from the first.
The meeting at -Hanson will begin today.
Many Madison people will doubtless at-
The above is a clipping from the Enter-
prise Recorder, and is very correct. We
have just closed a great meeting at old
Stonewall Church. Sinners were actually
converted, backsliders reclaimed and the
pulse of the church now throbs with a
healthier beat than for many a day. Rev.
J. L. Morrill was with us and he, under
God, is a powerful helper. 'Yours,
Dear Advocate-For some time I have
been anxiously watching your columns for
an acknowledgment of two coops of chick-
ens sent to the Orphanage, one of 13 from
Pisgah and one of 11 from Chaires, both
these churches on Leon Circuit. I hope
they landed safely.
I conducted a protracted meeting at



Wadesboro of about twelve days, which
proved profitable. I did all the preaching
except on Sunday when I had to fill my
regular appointments, then Bro. C. W.
Braswell, a local deacon, filled the place.
We organized a church with fifteen mem-
Bro. Braswell is very anxious to build
up a town here. It is really surprising
that fertile and cheap farm lands like
these in this part of Leon are not more
thickly settled.
We began a meeting Sunday at Micco-
sukee, Dr. G. W. Yarbrough, of the North
Georgia Conference, is assisting. It is
certainly a treat to hear such men ex-
pouid the Word. THOS. WILLIAMS.
Brother Barnett, pastor, writes: Easter
was a beautiful blessed day with us de-
spite the winds and rain. The decorations
of our church were a poem-more sub-
stantial than a dream- of color and taste,
such as only this lively land south of lati-
tude 27 can afford. The ten o'clock hour
was given over to a program of songs, reci-
tations, and Scripture readings by the
Sunday school and an address by a lay-
man, a teacher in the school, all appropri-
ate to the day and up to a high standard.
All present received an Easter pin. Three
young ladies with florally ladened silver
trays met the people as they gathered for
the elevent o'clock service and presented
each person with a pretty buttonhole bou-
quet and pin. Special music and a sermon
and two young men baptized and received
into the church at this hour. The young
men came into our fellowship giving clear
testimony to the Spirit's witness in their
hearts, and we believe that the presence of
more than a dozen new masculine faces in
the evening congregation is to be accredit-
ed to the efforts of these fresh additions to
our working forces. God is with us.

The first Laymen's Rally of Columbia
Circuit was held in Bethel Church on the
10th and llth of April.
The devotional exercise of the morning
was led by the pastor, Rev. M. O. Wil-
liams; followed by the congregation sing-
ing, "All Hail the Power of Jesus' Name."
Bro. Williams then explained the pur-
pose of the rally, after which Mr. A. W.
McLeran, of Welborn, gave a talk on the
Laymen's Movement, telling of the first
meeting, which occurred in 1806. Another
meeting was not held until one hundred
years after, when in 1906 this same spirit
was arused in others, and in 1907 a meet-
ing was held in Knoxville, Tenn., at which
fifty members were present. These began
work in earnest to accomplish great good
through the instrumentality of the lay-
men. Many good thoughts were brought
out on this subject.
After singing "Jesus shall reign where'er
the sun," we enjoyed a good sermon or
discourse on Practical Godliness by our
editor, Bro. N. H. Williams. Two of the
points in this diAcourse, the kind of lead-
ers needed, and hindrances to the cause,
were very impressive.
The morning service closed with prayer
offered by Bro. N. H. Williams.
After dinner, meeting was called and
the devotional exercises were lead by Mr.
L. M. Harvey, followed with prayer by
Rev. M. Williams.
S Col. R. 'T. Boozer gave .quite an enthu-

siastic talk against the liquor traffic, urg-
ing the church people especially to stand
for the right in the coming wet arid dry
election to be held on the 3rd of May prox.,
and keep down that awful evil which
devastates so many homes and ruins so
many lives.
After a song by the congregation, Mr.
James English made a talk on The Lay-
men, the Pastor's Aid. Then Mr. Jno.
W. Niblack talked on The Laymen and
the Sabbath School. Good thoughts on
this subject were: Without the laymen
we fail to carry on the work of the Sab-
bath school, and character, which is need-
ed everywhere, is better formed and
builded in the Sabbath school.
Several numbers on the program had to
be omitted, for lack of time.
Sunday morning, devotional exercise
was led by Mr. Joshua Kinard, followed
with a prayer by Mr. J. C. C. Robarts.
Then a special program was very nicely
carried out by the Sabbath school. The
program was as follows:
Song 134-Glory to His Name.
Recitation-Easter-By six children.
Solo-A Little Bit of Love.

--I $
Vt': ~"


to have you with us, and to hear you
We trust that much good may result
from these meetings, May we as a church
and a people push. forward, upward and
always for Christianity.
With best wishes for the success of our
church paper, editors and other Chris-
tians everywhere, I am,
Yours for Christianity,
4 '
Rev. E. F. Ley, Presiding Elder of the
Miami District, reached my charge on the
third to hold our first quarterly meeting
for this year. I had gone down to the as-
sistance of Brother R. O. Wright, at Cocoa,
so I missed the Elder's Sunday ministra-
Brother Wright, by the way, is doing a
good work in beautiful Cocoa. I was de-
lighted with what I saw there.
Returning Monday night in time for the
business meeting I found evidence of good
work done by the Elder and all things
ready for business at 7:30. The reports

... -

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N- 7 l VI

A WWk ,,aM
Nas~~: .. ~.I
a -r

THE PARSONAGE OF THE HAVANA torate of Rev. F. E. Steinmeyer. It is


This elegant preacher's home is now
complete. It was erected during the pas-

Collection for Home Missions.
Song 25-Jesus Reigns.
Easter Messengers-By nine girls.
Song 144-Love Divine.
Song 142-Stand up for Jesus.
Recitation Overcometh. By eleven
Song-Onward. Christian Soldiers.
Recitation-What we have for Jesus.
By three little girls.
Song 34-The King's Business.
After this exercise, Bro. N. H. Williams
preached for us. His subject was "Get
Wisdom," or, in plain terms, rather "Get
And again in the evening at 7:30 o'clock
Bro. N. H. Williams preached to us. This
sermon closed the series of meetings.
We all enjoyed being there and listen-
ing to the talks made by our churchmen,
and sermons by our editor and brother.
Come again, Bro. Williams, we are glad

modern in every appointment, has eight
rooms, and is in every way an elegant
residence. Bro. Steinmeyer is in high fa-
vor with his people.

gave comfort to such as were concerned
for the prosperity of Zion. Eighty-two
accessions to the church were reported for
the quarter, fifty-nine of them on profes-
sion of faith. Finances up to date, church
thoroughly organized and the organiza-
tions all at their best. These things are
echoes of the great meeting held by the
Culpeppers in February.
Presiding Elder Ley is in great favor
here and I heard good things said of his
Sabbath ministrations at St. James, and
the presence with him of his gentle moth-
er added no little to the pleasure of his
official visit among us.
Your visit, Mr. Editor, is remembered
pleasantly and your speedy repetition of
the blunder that landed you here will be
regretted by no one. Yours fraternally,

Dear Bro. Williams:-I must tell on the
Manatee folks--somethings they have been
doing lately. Just after Conference the
ladies of the church presented Mrs. Mann
with a nice outfit, which wa,. complete
throughout. Mind you, this was done af-
ter Conference which showed that they
were not fixing us up to move.
The men stood by and said nothing, but
I thought I could discover a sort of wink-
ing and blinking among them. Well, the
matter culminated a short time ago, the
church treasurer, who is also our Confer-
ence treasurer, coming to me armed with
a letter of introduction, which was also an;
order to the Henry Giddens Clothing Co.,-
of Tampa, and bidding me go over there
and "outfit" myself. Now you may be
sure I lost no time in obeying that man-
date, and while I did not exactly abuse my
opportunity I did make pretty good use of
it. Such tokens of good will make me de-
sire to be a better preacher and a better
Our Easter services yesterday were a
decided success. The choir had spent
much time in earnest labor to make the
musical part a success, and I am sure the
congregations duly appreciated this part
of the service. Beginning with these ser-
vices we continue a series of meetings for
a week or two. Bro. Scott, of Braden-
town, is with us, and we are looking for-
ward for great things. May the Lord of
the harvest send us a great harvest of
souls. To this end let the church at large
join us in unceasing prayers.

Dear Bro. Williams: I have been in-
tending to write you for more than two
weeks but have been so busy that I have
scarcely had time.
On the night of the 19th of March Mrs.
I.. E. Bailey. of New York, gave us a
good lecture on temperance, which stirred
our hearts and minds on this important
Then, on the 24th, Bro. Nixon held our
first quarterly meeting, and preached us
two -fine sermons, which we all enjoyed.
We all have fallen in love with Bro.
Nixon and he will always find a hearty
welcome in our midst.
On the Sunday following Dr. Hilburn,
of Southern College, was with us and
preached us a great sermon on education,
which we all highly appreciated, and we
believe that it will result in.his getting
students from this place another year.
We all liked the Doctor very much, and
extend to him a hearty welcome and the
use of the "Prophet's Chamber" at any
time he feels like calling on us.
You see, we people of Lady Lake have
been having a good bill of fare lately. And
now. Bro. Williams; we would appreciate
a visit from our editor, so come to see us.
Our work is moving along very well.
We held a protracted service at Grand
Island last month with fairly good results.
Our people were warmed up to a fuller
sense of their duty. We are working and
praying for a revival all over the charge.
Yours in the work,
(The Editor extends to Bro. Lord thanks
for his kind invitation to visit his charge.
We hope to come sometime this year.-
N; H. W.)


League Departm

LEAGU*, 90o8-gog9.
President--. 0. M~cCollum, Esq.
Vice-President-Frederick Pasco, D. D,
Secretary-John E. Mickler.
Treasurer-Miss Bessie Turnbull.
Editor-C. Fred Blackburn.
Superintendent Boys' League-J. Law-
ton Moon.
Superintendent Junior League--Miss
Lois Pedrick.
League Board.
J. E. Mickler, President.
F. E. Steinmeyer, Secretary.
District Secretaries.
Tallahassee-Miss Lilla Smith. ,
Gainesville-W. R. McKinstry. :
Jacksonville-W. C. Guthrie.
East Coast-Mrs. A. L. Chandler.
Orlando-D. G. Barnett.
Tampa-Miss Florida Dewar.

Topic for Devotional Meeting, April 25th.

"'[he Frontier." (Acts 1:0-9; Gal. 2:
This topic being set apart for the Home
Mission Society it would be well to have
one of the officers of the Woman's Home
Missionary Society conduct the meeting
and give the Home Mission Society a spec-
ial invitation to attend in a body.
We have no report from the field this
week so we give our space to an able ar-
ticle on tile devotional meeting.

The Devotional Meeting.
The more I think on the subject assign-
ed ilie, the more it grows in magnitude,
and I realize that if the importance of
individual preparation for our devotional
meetings could be so impressed on every
reader that leaders would never neglect it
then 1 should feel that I had accomplished
much by this paper. But if I can succeed
in suggesting even one thought that will
prove a benefit to our Leaguers, I shall
feel amply repaid for my labor.
Individual preparation suggests a two-
fold idea-self-preparation and the prepar-
ation of the lesson, and these in turn sug-
gest a lprparation on the part of the lead-
or and of his helpers. So in this fourfold
manner I have thought of the subject.
First. if possible, the leader should know
a week in advance that he is to lead the
meeting. Then self or heart preparation
should begin on his part, and the prepara-
tion should be such that self will be lost
sight of entirely, and the leader be imil ed
wi:h power from on high. that others can-
mit fail to feel the good influence. le
must seek o, empty his heart of all evil
and have it filled with the love of God, in
order to accomplish the greatest amount
of good. This may be accomplished by
prayer and consecration. How much we
need this in our everyday life, but espe-
cially so when we are to lead a devotional
meeting, for then we are guiding others to


Christ, and we cannot do this unless we
are spiritual. But ideal leaders are few.
Much of the absence of power in our meet-
ings is caused, quite often, by the lack of
careful preparation on the part of the lead-
er. He is self-conscious because he has not
studied the subject in all its phases, and
cannot interest others because he has not
studied it thoroughly enough to be inter-
ested himself. So the first essential to
a good meeting is for the leader to come
prepared. Study to make your talk on the
lesson practical, and this will put others
to thinking along practical lines. Select
your songs before coming, and let them
be in harmony with the subject, if possi-
ble. If you wish to call for selections
from others, do so, but be ready with one
of your own if no one responds, and so
prevent the awkward pause that comes
while waiting for a song.
Many devotional meetings are spoiled
by noti having enough prayers. Perhaps
we have all seen the leader who makes a
brief opening prayer with the air of one
who is performing a disagreeable task,
and then proceeds with the service with-
out imposing a similar burden upon his
fellow-Leaguers. The number and kind of
prayers must be determined by circum-
stances and the kind of members that com-
pose the League. Perhaps in most cases
it would be well to have as many as ten or
twelve prayers. It -i sometimes a good
plan to call on a number at one time, ask-
ing them to respond in the order named.
Try to discourage any tendency toward

long, rambling, indefinite, or formal pray-
crs. Let them be brief, pointed, and, as
far as possible, in harmony with the lesson
of the hour. Such prayers will not only
be an aid to devotion, but will encourage
the timid to respond.
When a program is used, or even in the
absence of a program, place a special duty
on as many as possible. It is always best
to appoint some few to make special prep-
aration, and thus be ready to take part;
then they will help others to make the
start, for it is always easier to follow
than to lead. If references bearing on the
lesson have been given out, the leader
should be prepared to make some comment
on them if the ones who read them do not.
There can be nothing better used than
liible references, but sometimes when a
verse is read, unless the connection and
practical thought be given, some fail to
see any connection between the verse and
the lesson; so the leader may add much to
the meeting by being ready to give a prac-
tical thought on the references. But some-
times the appointed leader is absent and
some one must lead, with only a moment's
notice, and perhaps it will be asked what
to do under such circumstances. Such
leaders should remember that God does not
desert His children in time of need. Our
Savior has said, "1 will be with thee, and
guide thee," and lie will not fail us. But
if one has prepared to be a good helper,
he will be at no great loss if called upon
to lead. However, if it be necessary to
put any one on duty with such short no-
tice, let it be one of the older, tried ones,

(Continued on page 13. )


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Dear Fellow Workers:
The fiscal year is ended. All reports
are in. Financially, we have done well.
While a few societies have not fully met
their obligations, others have had surplus
enough to more than supply this lack.
The pledge has been paid in full. We
have grown in numbers and, we trust,
in strength. New organizations reported
this quarter are Orange Blossoms at En-
terprise, Young People at Island Grove,
Auxiliaries at Wall Springs, Bowling
Green, Inverness and Enterprise,
One thing remains, to complete this
year's work and at the same time begin
the next. Our Annual Session will be
held at Fort Myers May 8-11. Let us
make it a grand rally of our forces. It
will not be complete without a repre-
sentative from every society, even the
smallest and most distant one in the
Conference. Not only every society, but
every church that has women who are in-
terested in the work should send one.
Choose your delegates at once and send
their names to Mrs. 0. L. Johnson, Fort
Myers, and also to Mrs. B. F. Holland,
Bartow. All who expect to attend as
visitors are also requested to report to
these two.
We hope to improve on last year's pro-
gram. Full opportunity will be given for
discussion of practical questions pertain-
ing to our work. There will be no papers
except official reports, but topics will be
presented in short addresses and discus.
sions.' Come prepared to tell us about
your work. Miss Martha Pyle of the
China Mission has definitely promised to
be with us and we hope for other efficient
helpers. Work and pray for the success
of the meeting.
We ask that every society have Pledge
Day Exercises in connection' with the
April meeting (or first week in May).
Have short talks and prayers on the
Pledge, Systematic Giving and kindred
topics. Have ready, cards with inscrip-
tion "How much does God want me to
give on the Pledge the coming year?"
After silent prayer let each member fill
out and sign her card while on her knees
with no witness-but God. Have a com-
mittee to carry cards to the absentees
and see that they are returned. Notify
your District Secretary of the amount
It is very important that we complete
our "Circle of 30." Surely we have thirty
women able and willing to pay this
twenty-five dollars a year. It covers the
pledge of the one paying it (if desired)
but must not be an excuse for the other
members to lessen theirs.
Societies are asking how to report mem-
bers who have joined late in the year.
It is best to report all on roll at the end
of the year. If trying for a place on the
Roll of Honor, send by May 1st to Mrs.


O. D. Wetherell, Recording Secretary, at
Fort Myers, statement signed by your
President and Treasurer that Pledge, con-
tingent and specials have been paid in
full and that all members have paid dues
for the time they have been in the so-
ciety. This applies of course to the year
ending March 1st.
Please realize that we have begun an-
other year's Work. Take care of the first
quarter. Have you begun the course of
study for this year? Have you read "The
Nearer and the Farther East ?" "The Mos-
lem World?" "The Why and How of For-
eign Missions?" Are you helping our
young people? Are you praying that God
may honor us and them by calling some
of them to be Missionaries?
Cordially yours,
Mrs. B. HOLLAND, Conf. Sec'y.
Pastors receiving this bulletin are re-
quested to read it and then hand it to
some earnest Christian woman. ,F. V. H.
On account of the postponement of the
annual meeting of the Home Mission So-
ciety, Mrs. Alexander has requested the
treasurer of the Conference society to re-
port through the Advocate what has been
done during the past year. This will en-
courage the auxiliaries whose reports have
shown steady improvement to attempt
more in the future. They have evidenced
their interest in the work by reporting
what they have accomplished whether
much or little and this was noticeable in
the fourth quarter especially, only one
auxiliary of the Tallahassee district, three
of the Live Oak district, three of the
Gainesville district and three of Tampa
district failing to report. Every auxili-
ary of the Orlando district reported to
The amount received for connectional
work was $3,722.05; reported as expend-
ed for local work, $5,503.39. Total $9,-
225.44, the largest sum raised since the
organization of the society. In this con-
nection I would state that,scarcely more
than one-half of the auxiliaries report
their local work definitely.
I would call attention to the scholar-
ship which was proposed at the meeting
in Jacksonville two years ago and which
has never been completed. We lack $15.00
of the amount necessary and as we have
two quarters in which to work before our
next meeting, we can easily raise this
amount if those who have not contribut-
ed anything will pay something, or if
those who have already given will give
a little more, thus putting into use
money which has been lying idle for two
SRespectfully submitted,
Conference Treasurer, H. M. S.

Woman's Foreign Missionary Society
MRS 3 D. RUSH, Pres. Orlando, FI. Mr. B. F. HOLLAND, Cor. Sec., Bwtow, Flu


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Jacksonvlle, Florida




For Men and Women

$3.50 $4.00



of Boys, Misses and
school Shoes. Mail
attention. Send for


n St.


Bushnell, April 3-4, at Oxford.
Bronson, April 25-26, at Cedar Keys.
Martel, April 29, p. m. 30 (Conference
Inverness, May 1-2, at Inverness.
Holder, May 3, at Dunellon.
McMeekin, May 6, at Bethel.
Melrose, May .8-9.
Starke, May 9-10.
Crystal River, May 15-16, at Lecanto.
Micanopy, May 27-30 (District Confer-
Gainesville, June 2.
LaCrosse, June 3, at Paradise.
Alachua, June 4, at Alachua.
High Springs, June 5-6, at Newberry.
Rochelle, June 11, at Lochloosa.
Interlachen, June 13-14, at Rodman.
Lady Lake, June 19-20.
Citra, June 24.
Reddick, June 26-27, at Fairfield.
Ocala, June 28.
Anthony, June 30.
The District Conference will be held at
iMicanopy May 27-30. Opening sermon
Wednesday night by Rev. R. H. Barnett.
The Conference will convene on Thursday
at 9 a. m. The following committees of
examination are appointed: For License
to preach, F. R. Bridges, C. W. Matheson
and T. L. Z. Barr; for admission on trial,
R. Williams, J. L. Yeats and M. T. Bell;
for deacons' and elders' orders, E. J.
Gates, B. T. Rape and F. M. C. Eads.
T. J. NIXON, P. E.
Ocala, Florida.

Second Round.
Lake Butler from April 28 to April 25
W\orthington from April 30 to May 6.
Fort White from May 1-2 to May 10.
Columbia (Siloam)-May 7.
Pine Mount (New Harmony)-May 8-9.
Lake City-May 12.
The District Conference will be held at
Lake City May 12-16 inclusive. We cor-
dially invite the Editor, College President,
Conference Lay Leader and all the Con-
nectional members of the conference to be
with us. Send names to Rev. Frederick
Pasco, for entertainment. One full day
will be devoted to the Layman's Move-
ment. Bro. A. W. MeLeran, District Lay
Leader, will be in charge and preside. It
is our hope on that day to get a large
representation of laymen from all works
in the district. These do not have to be
elected to go to the Layman's Conference.
J. A. HENRY, P. E.

Second Round.
Manatee-April 24-25.
Bradentown-April 25-26.
Palmetto (Oneco)-May 1-2.
Miakka (Venice)-May 8-9.
First Church-May 9.
Sarasota-May 15-16.
Hyde Park-May 16.
Ybor City and W. Tampa-May 17.
Parrish-May 22-23.
Little Italy-May 25.
Bloomingdale-May 29-30.
Seffner-May 30-31.
Gary-June 5-6.
Tampa City Mission-June 6-7.
J-ernando-June 9.

Blanton-June 10.
Pasco-June 11.
Dade City-June 12.
Tampa Heights-June 13.
Plant City-June 16.
W. M. POAGE, P. E.
213 Lee Street.
The Tampa District Conference will con-
vene in Plant City June 16-18.

Midway, Friendship, April 24-25.
Havana, April 28-29.
Hinson, Concord, May 1-2.
West Madison, Cherry Lake, May 8-9.
Aucilla, Bethel, May 15-16.
Sopchoppy, Curtis Mills, May 15-16.
Sycamore, Greensboro, May 22-23.
Carrabelle, District Conference, May
Apalachicola, May 30-31.
Bristol, June 3.
Hosford, Sumatra, June 5-6.
Fenholloway, Day, June 5-6.
Perry, June 9.
Waukeenah, Sardis, June 12-13.
Leon Circuit, June 12-13.
Old Town, Hardee, June 16-17.
Mt. Pleasant, Siloam, June 19-20.
Chattahoochee, Mt. Pleasant, June 19-20
South Lefayette, June 19-20.
Mayo Circuit, Cook's Hammock, June
Mayo Station, June 27-28.
Woodville, July 3-4.
Let us have at least one half of the
connectional claims in hand by district
conference. Conference Claimants; For-
eign and Home Missions, with the dis-
trict special, would put us more than half
out and relieve an urgent need at present.
L. W. MOORE. P. E.

Second Round.
Lemon City, at Naranja--April 24-25.
Miami-April 25-26.
West Palm Beach-April 27.
Key West Memorial Church-May 1-2.
Key West First Church May 2-3.
Key West, Sparks' Chapel--May 4.
Key West, La Trinidad--May 6.
Dania and Fort Lauderdale-M-ay 8-9.
Delray and Boynton-May 9-10.
Sebastian at Viking-May 15-16.
Fort Pierce-May 16-17.
Cocoa-May 22-23.
Kingston-May 24.
New Smyrna-May 29-30.
Sanford-June 5-6.
Titusville and Enterprise-June 12-13.
Oviedo and Geneva-June 15-16.
DeLand-June 19-20.
Volusia-June 22-23.
Hastings-June 24-25.
Palatka-June 27-28.
District Conference at Enterprise June
9-13. It is expected that Bishop Morrison
will preside, and the editors of the Advo-
cate, the President of the College, and
others representing conference' interests,
are cordially invited.
SPresiding Elder.

Just Received full line c
Children's Dress and Sc
orders receive prompt a
t yleiBook.


114 Mai




(Continued from page 8.)

rather than the timid and inexperienced.
Then we should study how to help the
leader. First, be present, and come with
the lesson prepared, for the service is not
likely to produce greater fuel than that
found in the heart of the Leaguers. It is
to be regretted that so few know even the
topic when they come to the service, and
that a much smaller number have studied
the lesson. This is, indeed, a deplorable
fact. The only way by which we can be-
conme interested in the lesson is by per-
sistent, individual effort. The leader, even
though an ideal one, will not be able to in-
spire us to make a profitable talk on the
lesson if we have made no preparation be-
fore coming. We must do that individu-
ally, and the best way to create a zeal is
to begin at once and take some part in
every service-not in a formal, perfunctory
manner, purely from a sense of duty, but
feeling that the devotional meeting is a
great opportunity that is given us for cul-
tivating talents which, if not cultivated,
become stunted in the mechanical routine
of everyday life. We all should deem it a
blessed privilege that we are permitted to
meet together on Sunday evening, and give
expression to our thoughts and feelings
on these subjects of so much interest to
every Leaguer. If we will compel our-
selves to take some active part in each
League service-say, for only one month-
then feel sure we shall cease to loop upon
it as a cross, and our interest in the meet-
ings will increase, we shall come expecting
to receive a blessing, and shall look back
with regret at the times we sat quiet spec-
tators, while others were giving their
thoughts on the lesson. We should remem-
ber that it is hard to lead a meeting with
the audience seated in the rear of the
church, and so help the leader by taking ;
seat near the front. Look at the leader
: !d be earnestly interested in every part
of hle service.
Let the Leaguers bring their Bibles, and
be ready to use them. One should not at-
tempt to exhaust the subject in a talk.
Too lengthy a discussion may prove harm-
ful. The ideal League service is one in
which each member present is quick to
respond with a practical thought on the
lesson, a song, or a prayer, and occasion-
ally a reading. The habit oI having many
readings is a dangerous one, however, for
they tend to make the service formal and
SLet us not forget that an impoilant part
of our preparation is to remember the
leader prayerfully. Every member of the
League should come in a thoughtful spirit,
asking God's blessing upon the leader and
the meeting. When this is done, there will
le no lack for good leaders or helpers, and
a power will come from our services that
could not otherwise be known.

An otherwise loyal member of our
church recently expressed his positive ob-
jection to foreign missions. It so hap-
pened that he was called upon to read
something in which the expression, For-
eign Missions, was used. When he came
to it he called it "Foragin Missions" with
soft "g". We thought that he was the one
who was enjoying "foraging missions,"
since he has been foraging all his life in a
Christian land.

Second Round.
Wauchula (at Brownville)-April 24-25.
Nocatee (at Nocatee)-May 1-2.
Punta Gorda (at P. G.)-May 3.
Alva-May 5.
Ft. Myers-May 7.
Ft. Myers Mission (at Wulfert)-May
Everglade (at Everglade)-May 8-9.
Webster (at Webster) Dr. J. P. Hilburn

-May 8-9.
Kathleen (at Knight's)-May 13.
Brooksville-May 15-16.
Winter Haven (at W. H.)-May 15-16.
Bartow-May 16-17.
Board of Trustees Meeting at Suther-
land-May 21-26.
District Conference at Ft. Meade-May


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Prompt Attentio


(Continued from page 5.)

by priests and princes, and therefore now
no longer needed. But it was not a secu-
lar tax. In I. Sam. 8:15, we read that the
Lord gave as a warning against the set-
ting up of a king, that: "He will take
the tenth of your seed and of your vine-
yards and give to his officers and to his
servants." This was evidently the same
"tenth" with which the people were fa-
miliar; why then, the need of this warn-
ing? Could a king make it any more a
secular tax than they claim it was al-
ready? If it was a protection before how
could it now be an oppression under a
king? The truth of the matter is, God
warned the people that a king would di-
vert this "sacred" tithe to "secular" uses.
There selection of a king was a virtual
rejection of God and his tenth would be
diverted to state purposes.
Christ never repealed the law of the
tithe when He came. He himself said,
"Think not that I am come to destroy
the law or the prophets; I am not come
to destroy but to fulfill." (Matt. 5:17).
No, the law has not passed away. If
Got ever owned anything He does yet.
If the children of men ever needed to
pay the tithe they do yet. If ever men
were setwards of their property and mon-
ey they are yet. If they ever needed to
pay a regularly defined proportion of
their income to the owner, they do yet.
And let us understand the difference
ksonville between paying our debts and giving to
the Lord. We owe to God a debt of one-
tenth of our income. It is His law. He
demands it of us. Hence we do not give
but pay the tenth. After the debt is
paid we can give to the Lord-not be-
fore. And this debt should be paid first,
for it is of the longest standing, and it
is to the Lord. Tithing is not a limit to
giving-except downward. "At least"
S one-tenth must be given-that is God's al-
ready-after that debt is paid we can
give, and ought to if we possibly can,
If the Christian world would simply
pay the debt they owe to the Lord; would
pay Him the tenth of their income which
by Divine decree belongs to God, the
nd knowledge of Christ could be made uni-
versal in our own day. Surely we do not
realize what this means. Has this grand
thought become an inspiration to our
N Y lives, so that we give as God has com-
manded us-cheerfully, proportionately,
E 15 systematically? If we have not done so
LE, FLA. let us begin today. We are robbing God
so long as we withhold from him his
tithe. "Let us "Render, therefore, unto
Caesar, the things that are Caesar's; and
unto God the things that are God's." And

Sl'or faithful and proportionate giving will
I e rewarded with superabundant spiritual
blessings, and abundant temporal pros-
,rs and perity. For we read in the scripture-
"Honor the Lord with thy substance and
with the first fruits of all thine increase;
s* so shall thy barns be filled with plenty,
and thy presses shall burst out with new
Phone 864 wine." (Prov. 3:9,10). And, "Give, and
it shall be given unto you; good measure,
als Given pressed down and shaken together, and
given running over, shall men give into your
bosom." (Luke 6:38).
We cannot excuse ourselves by saying

that the tithe, law is obsolete; that it has
been repealed. If the law of the tithe is
not in force, then neither is the law of
the Sabbath. The Ten Commandments
can be thrown aside also as mere Jewish
statutes, and the great chapters of Isaiah
and the beautiful Psalms from which we
draw comfort can be arbitrarily set aside
as so much rubbish. But the law of
the tithe is as binding upon us as it was
upon the ancient children of God, so let
us hasten to obey it, and-
"Bring ye all the tithes into the store-
house, that there may be meat in mine
house, and prove me now herewith, saith
the Lord of hosts, if I will not open the
windows of heaven, and pour you out a
blessing, that there shall not be room
enough to receive it." (Mal. 3:10).
And now in conclusion let me say this;
if for various reasons you cannot conform
to this plan, or will not conform to it,
or even if you now tithe and expect to
continue it, above all things be definite
in your giving, no matter how little or
in what manner you give. Several Sab-
baths ago Bro. Partridge while discussing
this very question, asked if any person
present could tell how much this Church
had raised during the last year for mis-
sions. Not a single person present, al-
though a goodly number were here, could
answer this question; and neither could
any member of this church say definitely
how much he or she had contributed for
this cause. This certainly shows a woeful
lack of the proper interest in this great
missionary question. We do not realize
the importance of this great work. Let
me quote you a paragraph from the
speech of J. Campbell White deliv-
ered before the Laymen's Missionary
Movement Conference at Chattanooga; he
said-"It is a great things to be living
in these days. More has happened in
the last ten years than in the previous
one hundred and more. More is going to
happen in the next twenty-five years than
has happened in the last twenty-five hun-
dred. I would rather live now, for the
next twenty-five years, than all the nine
hundred and sixty-nine years that Methu-
selah lived; for a great deal more is going
to happen. It seems better to live now
than at any other time during all history..
The one great question that confronts y6u,'
and me and all Christians living in our
time is the evangelization of the world
during our generation, making this gos-
pel absolutely universal. I am sure we
can do it. Why, it only means on the
financial side, about one street car fare a
week on the average from the Christians
of this country. When the Protestant
Christians of North America give an av-
erage of one street car fare a week, that
will be $50,000,000 a year for foreign mis-
sions. I believe it can be done. I believe
there are many indications that the
Church is going to do it."
Brethren, do we not all want a part
in this greatest of work? Let us get it
upon our consciences; let us make it a
matter of prayer, and contribute to this
great work as God has prospered us, In-
dividually, Systematically, Proportion-


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Five=acre Jacksonville, Florida,

Farms for $75.00 Each on Terms

of $5.00 A flonth.

T HE JACKSONVILLE DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, one of the largest financial institutions in
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capitalists of Florida its directors, will open to desirable investors at 9 o'clock Tuesday morning, April
20th, one thousand Jacksonville farms of five acres each, at the special profit-assuring price of $75 each
($15 an acre), on terms of $5 cash down and $5 a month, without interest or taxes until paid for. Inves-
tors buying more than one tract will get them adjoining. Thirty foot street in front of each farm.
Titles absolutely perfect. These lands are among the most desirable in Duval, County, adapted to all
high-priced market crops, and are within eight to twelve miles of the city limits. A million dollar
bond issue election has been called to extend hard-surfaced roads throughout the county. This done,
and these lands will jump to from fifty to one hundred dollars an acre. Jacksonville is the fastest
growing city in the world, with thousands of Northern and Western homeseekers turned this way. The
one thousand farms now opened by this corporation will be quickly sold, and we suggest immediate ap-
plication accompanied by initial payment of $5 for each five acres desired.
Leave the selections to us and we will guarantee the best available at the time the order is received.
If the order cannot be executed, the money will be quickly refunded.

Col. John M. Stephens, President of the Union Savings Bank, writes:
"Permit me to congratulate you upon the great work that the Jacksonville Development Co. is do-
ing in this city and, community, in providing homes for our people in such a way that they possibly
could not have them if it were not for your company and its liberal plans."

Dr. H. Robinson, President Commercial Bank, writes:
"Officered as the Jacksonville Development Co. is, by some of our leading citizens, it must be
gratifying to its customers to know that they are dealing with a strictly reliable corporation."

Do not delay a moment!
Enclosed find................dollars for which you will sell to me at the rate of $15 an
Buy to-day, whether for act- acre..............acres of Jacksonville Farms, to be paid for one dollar- on acre herewith en-
closed and one dollar an acre a month until paid for, without interest or taxes until paid for.
S&1l settling or as an invest You are to guarantee me a perfect title to the property, give me the very best selection on or
near a railroad, and guarantee to me that the land I buy is just as represented in your adver-
ftment. At the rate Jackson- tising matter, (Signed)
ville farm lands are increas-
ing in value an investment P. ..............................................
in Jacksonville Farms now state....................................................
should be nearer 400 per Date....................................
In remitting observe the following terms:
cent, than 4 per cent. $5 cash and $5 a month for fourteen months buys E acres.
ent. an 4 per cen ash and $10 a month for fourteen months buys 10 acres.
$20 cash and $20 a month for fourteen months buys 20 acres.
$40 cash and $40 a month for fourteen mouths buys 40 acres.
10% discount for all cash and a full warranty deed will be immediately issued.

Jacksonville Development Company



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T.H IR T Y---E I G H T





Private and Municipal Water Works Systems. Irriga- +
ting and Draining Outfits, Spraying Outfits, Sewer=
Sage Contractors Outfits, etc., etc. Complete Installa-
tions made and Guaranteed.
-- __________ _________________________*. ^ f

S222-224 E. Bay St. :: Jacksonville, Fla.
< l y
+* In addition to our already very large stock of Gas, Gasoline and Oil Engines, and Power
Pumps we have recently completed an arrangement with the Gould Company of Chicago, and
The Goulds Manufacturing Company of Seneca Falls, N. Y., whereby we will act as their exclu-
sive distributing agents on their power pumps in this territory and will carry an immense line +
Sof their goods in stock here.
"++ +' -'*' '+ H 4 iiI -YVV

Wherever you find the Pianola

Piano, there you will find Music
HE most remarkable success of modern times in musical instruments has been the Pianola Piano, No previous make
of piano ever met with such instantaneous acceptance or ever achieved such world-wide popularity.
Consider the motives that prompted people to buy pianos before the invention of the Pianola:
Thousands of people bought pianos just because a piano was considered essential to the completely furnished home;
Because it was regarded as a visible sign of prosperity;
Because it was hoped in time the children or some member of the family might learn to play it.
Nowadays people buy the Pianola Pian.o because it is a guarantee of immediate music in the home circle.
Because it can be played by each and every member of the family. Because it requires no lonr i.Llimi..rni course of
training in order to master it. Because it can be played by hand as well as by Pianola roll. B.-.:, it 2-. the chil-
dren the basis for a broad musical education, Because it is generally recognized as being
The Latest and Best Development in Modern Piajro Manufacture
How can there be any comparison in the value of the old-style piano which stood idle in a majority of homes, and this wonderful new piano which
gives immediate access to anything and everything in the whole wonder-world of music?
Is it any wonder that the question, "Do you play?" is so often answered, "I used to, but I haven't kept up my practice."
The Pianola Piano provides you with a ready-made repertory of over 15,000 compositions, the light and the gay, the grave and the serious, the
brilliant show pieces that formerly were nevdr heard outside of the concert-hall and the latest bit of melody from the comic-opera of the day.
Yet if you have children who seem to possess the spark of genius, and for whom you entertain musical ambitions, this same piano gives them every
facility for practice, just as though it did not contain the wonderful Pianola.
Piano and Pianola united in a single compact instrument---the standard Piano-player of the World built inside the case of a high-grade upright
piano---the fascination of personally producing music with all of the tedious, difficult practice swep away---that is the Pianola Piano.-


LUDDEN & BATES S. M. H. J3asotEiB Storida

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