.ALA. -6 A r t& The f ltu ab -' 4 'nt1At s
lecuoted ta ths AriculturaT"l!%'atifta+tttOiity aft- T at\ff tWttit! Interests of ;+oride aga the south.,
Vol. 1.-No 44 N.o Seri--P~iblished by I MEA B1~ S,'Jacksonville, Fla. 7 7Pric 5 ants.
Monday, January 22, 1883. .. $2.00 per Year, in advance; postage free.
temrperamenttWd that is an outgrowth'of the varieties of food. The digestive organ partake
__. _____ _soil, the clithe the, &triosphere. And it of the delicacy of the whole nervd system,
The American Housekeeper. only causes tlhf blood 'to leap more and though -they dine hurriedly they like to
The American ouseeeperswiftly throughjt to.breathe for a brief dine well. Spending money willingly fbr good
Those problems which confront the house- I riod the';df air of Continental materials, 'they demand that it be well served.
keeper in America are largely in excess of those E eurpe or 't6a d o n ,landiL ,Weo 'ItVi'not the-nMative-born voter.Who is satised
. which beset he households of' the'd 'Id-t "wwh ith un ebb o
*o p a ; Lee Xima d the W h# wh i ka. JJdl eing S re8^hw O1 51 gl" 1 a1g1gi ^
Saces ereunto they hhave'been caned in. care to remember, .otI. n wh 'i in"t oi t h be
Sthe socil scale. Consequently the young have fitfulirver" began, Or xpedt' to oecptWBir '4uIet N i or~dr t r
'bn'rea' to thoro ghly t jjtTie duti. p'.remitt rellin;l ilI they.gb tt hdsel et m thN sh of
,g,^ -! l'9 . .' ..,- .,iT th of business.th ... : .a ': ,
and the privilege of. that position, whtevr it e -thh the iffthon, a, ey of lklren is vaiabl&~id re-
y WIt flow that d"mestie service ha t l r ;,become ambitious, reetles aa'int- ,c a ot satiefled with'ripe or eat-
bt ,i iMW traihed seriva"te o toil .*f pe iiy 'seek to fill places for iwhlaki t| owr cities they- de at a
thde' bo of iWleri a" itt s. t training, and -as a rtileslty MlAt parents, and -aame
PI ad the ;int 1'e igirate. They are il'sa rtkbl. and eat
nr i N iy +,'' .That tlds fena "i lak mace
fAoums tl Aounderstand h6umlAdo4 6uhniCuS,1 itB, in good 'neikanitaiiit ld. i /rv
to" 5W M hat'; tryht*g iig i l t itl*#i.) PAatfl ime the ae e age hoe tsIt h
p6i's edo v tw i m ,t to deiwperAtion. ,"
Id tar,, idt i*.ay p ia ir we 'inspire thle gra4h
i nt Th er'a oo us as ste %
An t I becomess excessively develoi1
B i estitute of repoo e i lteTrroundings. The
ueband come~*pq u 44rog exetited after
L o vovrih e And ti ~he f or~iRjiis detkM
... x deicatey served ia
fculaneae w, a bheth gd weice sho ie wi t 'eiesfilife,
k io a o j rav he ree ro or py. PerA lia e' whl
Joe e v i o l bil ed,' .vy or soun the meat under has e t p et er' tkgr4 ?Agines HaW
i e sadir afinee,evegables soggy or flavor ess . I ,i, r (hbrent.7i r. ,
art, evel w ore hlie olte'oe mltri c6mminds a and 4y-j .it l pe must have it all- hil- T m 1Tiio -ora
princely revenue. Bud t thats'is n6t necessary. "ous and greasy. e pyt god wages to on te 1882'The 'amb rit for mJan-
She an manage .with co i mfo mouitin' to a or w aids,or ref his prh ein g u usn:rei erae. r; fA'iiy
........ ...n .a.....e ,. .... ,or,.w--, or. ..,-or re, InCo.. .Iini3T prosperity for lumber,.
est elegance on an oe i ud brequirethm, and expects good service, schs with which the in
starvation for a.young co p.e~ i, is extrav- he receive~ frmqm workingmen. Aud the little prices, though not'atwa a e aleu~s,
agant. r6ublie. Every do 'n f is orgauri- h11 w-e ~t eivoi wian at the' opposite has. yet been ter t& i ves. T 6e
a'. .. .. .. 'ntold .. u .f -. have'.]sio
ixed, tabulated, fossilized. He on the con- end ,of te ta e itold sufrg f she. deal too, he a v history
tr~ary,, w ere unexhaust natu g lush has let t.the cooito awlhsddmatc, and waIpo un-recede .. .owipg to ~aoorab
aa a lbor is ce 'and dear, equally untold s'hingf is hasuperinnended weather and extive dig opera ons. Iti
p py.g I nnaturally 'follow. every detail herself. With so manyohe th in- on, the di nand uit'd#omihat, bitt remained
wat' .he dap",d. liicd might, if c1lisifde'dutiekS nid cares pressiiig, upon tier, better'hin the' average. 'the presetOttime: the
na.ton "r uppe... rt e .population. how caniteotherwise? Theindications are favorable, horvavelifor a very
nation, we think an act with marvel- Our American men 'by temperament more brisk Spring trade. Stocks are everywhere .'fulll'and
lous celefity; it is a feature of the American than culture, are keenly alive to flavors and well assorted.
4 .. . . ". .
e THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
The Palm-No. 5.-Brahea.
FEDEI.AL PoINT, FLA., January 9, 1883.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
A genus of palms, mostly of moderate height,
and. natives of Mexico and California. The
leaves are' fan-shaped, much pleated, of a bright
greeAp color, and the leaf-stems are armed at the
edges with curved and keenly pointed spines.
Being rapid growers, and able to bear unharmed
a few degrees of freezing, some of them may
prove well adapted to this part of Florida. The
flower are perfect, and the fruit, about the size
of large grape, and growing in bunches, is
succulent and edible.
B.j.iamento8a sometimes called Pritchardia,
a native of San Diego County, California, and
the country south, has lately been introduced.
into Northern conservatories, where it has al-
ready become a favorite from its facility of
germination, easy culture, quick growth and
stately aspect. The seeds, which may be had
ofSan Francisco seedsmen, are about the size
of peppercorns and the plumule usually ap-
pears min three or four weeks after planting. The
long white threads fringing the edges of the
rays, the fresh green of the leaves, and the stout,
glossy petioles bristling with sharp hooks, all
combine to render it showy and unique. In the
fruit-growing districts of Southern California
it is coming into extensive use for lining ave-
nues,and healthy trees are said to attain a spread
of twelve or fifteen feet at the age of half a
dozen years. A specimen in a garden at San
Gabriel was reported to have been only eigh-
teen summers in reaching the height of sixty
feet. In Florida it does not appear to succeed
so,,well. Possibly the soil or climate may be
uncongenial, but the few I have seen, generally
grow far more slovy, and the lower leaves die
and turn brown to, soon, giving the plants, a
scoraggy and unsightly look. I say generally,
for sometimes from some unexplained reason a
specimen wifl grow handsomely, and then its
noble appearance inspires the wish that the ex-
ception were the rule.
Several years ago, George Such, a florist of
South Amboy, New Jersey, sent out plants of a
new and undescribed Brahea, which he called
B. species. The seeds came from a friend in
Lower California, who represented it as very
handsome, vigorous grower and not yet known
in cultivation. On May 1, 1879, I received by
mail from Mr. Such, a young seedling of this,
no thicker than a pipe stem, and in its fourth
or fifth leaf. Its base is now about the size of
a nail keg and the tip. of 4the highest leaf
stands seven feet above the ground. Consid-
ering the gradual development of most young
palms such rapid progress is extraordinary.
In 1871 the question was discussed in The Gar-
den, an English horticulture, journal, as to
whether this was really a distinct variety; some
correspondents regarding their specimens as,
merely unusually sturdy examples of B. fila-
mentosa. From my own experience, I should
not hesitate to pronounce them distinct, though
of course there are many points of resemblance,
as might be expected in two varieties of the
same genus. The leaf divisions of Such's
Brahea are but slightly cleft at the points, or not
at all, while those of the other are deeply slit;
again, the threads are shorter and less abund-
ant, the thorns larger and more formidable,
while the red coloring at the bases of the petioles,
and the yellow stripe on their edges are of
deeper hue. It invariably holds it foliage
well, and its sturdy, rapid growth, charming
tint of green, and general hardiness, all recom-
mend it as an admirable variety for cultivation
Brahea Dulcis or glauca is another variety in-
digenous to Northern Mexico, and familiarly
known among the people of that republic as
palma dulce or soyale. It produces clusters of
edible fruits of a yellow color, about the size of
large cherry and of a sweet and pleasant flavor.
The flowers are green, and the leaves, measur-
ing several feet in length are of a glaucous
tinge. Thile stem, which is used for timber,
reaches the height of thirty feet. Small plants
'have proved hardy in Florida, but it has not'
been tested long'enough to pronounce conclu-
sively upon its adaptation to our soil and climate.
The seeds are much larger than those of B.fila-
mentosa and resemble the single kernel of a
The Guadalupe palm, Brahiea edulis, is a
native of the island of that name, lying off the
coast of Lower California, about two hundred
miles from San Diego. The leaves resemble
those of Such's Brahea, excepting that they are
nearly destitute of the pendent filaments, and
the spines along the petioles are much smaller.
In the Agricultural Report of the United States
for 1875 we read that Guadalupe Island, which.
is about twenty miles long by ten wide, is owned
by a chartered American company for the rais-
ing of Angora goats. On the island is a palm
forest of this variety several thousand acres in
extent. They grow from twelve to twenty feet-
high, and have a diameter of trunk of eight to
fifteen inches. The fruit, which is about the
size of a plum, hangs in clusters like grapes, one
to five bunches to a tree, and each two feet long
and weighing thirty to forty pounds. It is
greedily eaten by the goats as it falls. Seeds of
this palm are difficult to procureas the trees
are found in the interior among :,e mountains,
with an arid tract destitute ter intervening
between them and the ~ pnd vessels rarely
touch at the island. In act, it is practically
more remote and less ted than fertile, and
romantic Juan Fern z,, and many a forty-
niner creeping leisure e .canvas between
the Golden Gate and PanAm*, will recall the
iinteredt with which he gazedpop:it6 lofty out-
line, as it lay before him, a solitary gem on the:
tranquil bosom of the Pacific.
Brahea calcarata is a new variety lately of-
fered by some of the California nurserymen.
The seeds were gathered by M. Roezl, the bota-
nist, on his last Mexican expedition, six thou-
sand feet above the level of the sea. It is de-
scribed as being very hardy and the most sturdy
grower of all the Braheas. I suggest that pos-
sibly this may be identical with B. Roezli of
European florists, who recommend it very highly
for its great hardiness, rapid growth, rich color
and majestic foliage. Besides the varieties men-
tioned above, there are others about which my
information is too slight to speak understand-
ingly. They are doubtless all hardy, and would
be desirable acquisitions for our Florida gar-
dens. E. H. HART.
Limes, for Profit.
The Lime seems, of all the Citrus family, the
one whichh is most adapted to Florida. Though
rather susceptible to cold weather, ft grows
almost' spontaneously. Instead of having to
wait ten years, as on an orange, a seedling
Lime ttee will bear well. within four years.
And when the Lime starts to bear, it bears in
good earnest. It is by no means what is desig-
nated a "shy" bearer. Instead of confining its
fruit time to a single season, a good healthy
tree will bear all the time, year in and year
Often has the orange-grower, weary with
waiting on his oranges, looking at his full Lime
tree, wished that Limes sold as well as oranges,
or that oranges bore like Limes. Heretofore
it has been the prevailing opinion in Florida,
that there was very little demand for Limes
North. The merits of the Lime are so apparent
that as soon as they are tried they must sup-
plant lemons to a great degree. Indeed, already
they are known and preferred in some marketiv
We are informed by Mr. J. M. Watters, of ;
Cincinnati, that in the Queen City there is
ready sale at $11 a barrel and upwards. If
anyone wants to know anything more definite
they can address him. There is no reason why
the Lime-raising industry should not pay the
fruit-growets of this southern part of*Florida as
much as oranges.-Enterprise BHeiaid.
FLORIDA FRUITS SuPr sQR.-Hon. James
M. W~illcox, who hag had u usual opportuni-
ties for gaining information upon such subjects,
states that-the Florida guava is inuch superior
to the Quban guava in delicacy of flavor.. He
states that the same supera'ity is 'gn ifest in
all the fruits of the We 4diy II. dsa which
can be grown in Florida, exiptif ti ease of
the banana, which is better fi'tiv 4&hen,
grown upon the islands. On f.Cir.. this
superiority he is of the "pin0 6rda
offers greater advantages for)le ianufieture
of Sarmaladet, preserved fruiAs;,4t than the.
islands. Such manufacturing ajn. manning, es-
tablishments are destined to ply taut .
part in Florida's future intdhltrl i s man ,
who, anticipating the damawd, b~gs "sobl, io
on the high road to wedith.--Oriie'o til
ORANGE TREES IN LOUISIANA.-The New
Iberia "Sugar Bowl," of January 11, says: "So
far as we can observe, the freezes of this win-
ter has done no serious damage to the orange
trees. True, the youngest growth was killed,
but the main branches remain unhurt, and look
green and vigorous."
Flat Culture of Irish Potatoes.
This new, anti-hilling system is making some
converts at the North, and we give the views
of an Ohio correspondent of the CoVntry den-
In reply to a question as to my method of
growing potatoes on the flat culttire plan, Imay
state that my soil is a clayey loam,' having a
clay subsoil. -The field in which I; grew my
potatoes was in sod for a good many years pn-
til the fall of last year I applied a heavy ma-
nuring an' plowed under with the sod st t
as deep as possible with a pair of strong houses.
Early in the spring I gave another application
ofthoroughly rotted manure and again .plowed,
but across the field at right angles to the way
I did in the fall. This cut the sod pretty well,
which, owing to the open winter, wa's well rot-
ted. I thoroughly harrowed, and then planted
my potatoes in rows about 5 inches' deep, the
rows 3 feet apart, and the seed liiin6 apart
in the rows. I cut my seed to one eye, having
aliwavt. better success with this method than
any other. I have, experimented more with
the cutting of potato seed than with any other
vegetable, and from these experiments have
always been most successful with seed cut to
single eyes, endeavoring to get as large a piece
of the tuber attached to the eye as possible,
which I consider beneficial in supplying nour-
ishment for the young shoot until sufficient
roots have been formed to supply necessary
This gives always a strong shoot to begin
with-one of the main essentials in potato-
growing. When more than one eye is left, the
consequence is a large number of weak shoots,
which generally produce a large number of
very small tubers, unless the ground is very
rich, and then they get so crowded that there
is not room for their full development, and the
results are generally a few large and a great
many small tubers. The single-eye method, if
the ground is dry and rich, seldom produces
. I _
'THH FLORIDA DISPATCH. .g
| -. `I-, -- - -
any small ones, and more in weight than is pro-
duced When too much crowded. There are a
great many different opinions about cutting
potato seed, every one saying his own method
is best, but. the above is my experience from
practice and observation for the past twelve
As soon as the plants: appear above ground, I
commence cultivating, and, continue, pretty
often as long. a, they: kep growing, going
through with the hoe for the purpose of de-
stroying the :wed in the rowdy, the work being
mostly. done.l with the eiltivator. I begin
cultivating with the, cultivator widely set, nar-
rowing it up as the plants grow and roots
spread, the main idea being to keep the soil
well loosened up: ahead ofdthe roots, but not to
destroy any of th, except s' little as possi-
ble. At the first appearance if the bugs pick
off the'large beetle until e, the young ones
appear, when I apply P, is geen mixed with
plaster, which is. geieralli r IaI s necessary
in keeping this pestunder. allowed' to get
much headway t"is mqre difi~ult,'toget them
under, taking so mucli to ,i1 'the beetles that
the vines, are olfen honsideibl hurtit .
..The kind I grew this 8eaab6ih #e B efuty of
'lebroi,' 'Burbanlk's, Seed'l] :and. Mamnmth
ePari'the' aist being tAe ast prosdt, ive.
1.. p,,b., . .. ',
got theeed rom `Western NeW York, deeming
it a great advantage to oc:.Csionally obtain seed
from different localities. We often hear of this
kind and that kind running ouit. I believe'
any kind, if kept growing continuously in one
section without change of seed, and with im-
perfect culture, will run but; but give good'
culture, and occasionally change the seed, and
there need not be much fear of any kind run-
ning out. It is with potatoes as with straw-
berries; we often hear of Wilson's Albany
strawberries being run out. I saw this season
the finest Wilsons I ever saw, but they were
grown on heavily manured soil and well' cared
fbr when growing. If given' the'saWne"'treat-
ment we are apt to give "the viewer kinds, I
scarcely think we have one in which there is
more money than in the Wilson.. .
Listen to Major Alvord in the Christian
Union. He puts it well: "The farmer must
apply to himself and to the son or.sons to SAc-
ceed him, a standard similar to that by which
he measures the qualifications of his :doctor and
his minister. It is unfortunate, tIat farmers
are so slow in doing this. No :oq ever heardd
of a physician fresh from his schoolsauitdvbook
being sneered at as a 'book-doctor.' On the
contrary, all doctors without a 'eon ilerienit Of
book learning, scientific training, are 9h tixed,
and denominated as 'quacks.' .Ye very recently
it was common for farmers of the old.f style to
look with pity, if not suspicion, upon those who
studied agriculturee as a science'and t mierttook
its practice with a progressive spirit, and to
call such 'book-farmer." Happily, such error~
are passing away; book-farmers, well educated
farmers, are making themselves felt, 'winning
respect and finding an appreciation of their en.
terprise, Let us hope the time is not far dis-
tant when book-farmers, in the same best sense,
shall be in the majority. Then, perhaps,
'quacks' will be found in farming. The fact is,
at present, quack farmers are too plenty and
book-farmers too few."
BROOMSEDGE HAY.-The Southern Live-
Stock Journal says: "Burn off your broom-
sedge fields early if you desire to mow them for
hay next summer. If it is not your intention
to mow the grass, do not burn the old straw
lest you should destroy any Japan clover (LES-
PEDIZA STRIATA) that may have gained a
feeble foothold on the land. Broomsedge cut
before the stems begin to shot out, makes as
nice hay as anyone would care to have, and
stock eat it greedily. We have tried it to oui
FOR FARM BoYS TO LEARN.-There are
160 square rods in an acre, and there are 301
square yards in one rod. This gives 4,840
square yards in oneacre. Five yards wide by
968 yards long is 1 acre; ten yards wide by
484 yards long is 1 acre; twenty yards wide by
242 yards long is 1 acre ; forty yards wide by
121 yards long is 1 acre; eighty yards wide by
601 yards long is 1 acre; sixty yards wide by
801 yards long is 1 acre.'
SUGAR IN LouISIANA.-The Louisiana
Sugar Bowl of January ,4, cheerfully says: "We
never before saw sugar planters in such cheer-
ful mood. .Javing saved a crqp, remarkable
for its yield, andl at a much lighter 'expense
than usual, on account of the extreme dryness'
of the season, they ar, now making prepara-
rations for pushing their business with renewed,
Repeal the ;og Law.
Oneo.f the obnoxious statutes ,upon the books
of this Stat4, which should receive attention at
the hands of the Legislatfure early in its session
is the existing hog law. ,,The old law may
have b : a good one when its was enacted,'
and mayy y~ e been adapted to the interests of,
the State, o0 o portions of it. But at this day
and in view, esent progress. it is little less
than a nuisans t any just and fair minded
man sit 4dw liberty compute the
value of the p hog e tioA of country, and
then eatimsaf 1~ oa :the' ame area of ex-
tra fencing req ;keep ,those hogs-not
within, unQ~o outside !of ,growing crops
and. private,:, .nds. In a. community. of
twenty plaPZaf, suppose qne 'of them owns a
dozen hog bch lire alJlowps to rua at large.
None of the others haveany oftha rgtof
eral estimate of the value ofCtiese razor-backs.
If they are really obnoxious Florida hogs, they
are not of sufficient value to their owner to jusi.
tify him in keeping them within a proper en-
closure andi applying them with food. He can
only maintain them profitably by turning them
put +o run upon the commons and forage upon
his neighbor's garden. A hog-prooffence'is ex-
pnsive: and requires constant care. ,To, guard
against the ravages of that dozen hogs, each
man of the entire twenty must protect himself
with a fence which will cost more than the
bpgs are worth in the market; and then the
chances are that some night they will scale a
fence somewhere, and destroy more in a single
night than they would bring if they were
slaughtered and sold out by the pound. Of
course. there is no objection to a man owning a
dozen or a thousand hogs if he is able to take
care of them. But he should be compelled to
keep them in a substantial enclosure and not
allpw them to prey upon his neighbors. We
iall the attention of our law makers to this sub-
ject now and trust that they will give it proper
The Small Hog the Best.
There is no profit in keeping a hog until it is
eighteen months old, and although such an
animal may possibly reach the weight of 400
pounds, the heavy weight will not compensate
for the food consumed. A pig farrowed in
April and slaughtered about Christmas' will
more than return his cost, for it must be taken
into consideration that during that period he
will be but a pig, and the earlier feedings small
in quantity. He should weigh 250 pounds
when killed, especially if a grade Essex or
Berkshire, and the carcass will contain a small
admixture of lean and fat. Very large hogs
are only fit for the lard tub, and very often
only for the soap maker. The quality of the
meat influences the price, and the difference of
only one cent a pound amounts to quite a sum
in the whole. The profitable hog is one that is,
grown quickly, fattened without delay, and
marketed before it begins to consume the food
laid up for winter.-Empire State Agriculturist.
JERSEY Cows.-The Jersey cow has, upon
many competitive trials and tests, given more
butter in her milk than any other breed, show-
ing it to be the richest. The fact that she does
not take on flesh. as other breeds, shows that
she is the best machine for converting cow food
into human food, in the way of milk, butter and
.GOAT'S MILKING.-Goats' miilk is sold in London
at thirty-seven to fifty cents per quart. It is preferred
by many for the food of very young children. Eng-
lish and Welsh cottagers find the'keeping of goats
for their milk a profitable business at the prices paid.
The yield is generally very smnlll; but a goat picks
its own living with less expense to its owner than any
) g I .
eJalksonville Wholesale Prices.
q4"rected weekly, by JONES & BO WEN, Wholesale and
Retail Grocers, Jacksonville, Fla.
SUGA -- ranulated ....................................
W hite Ex. C.,................................... 8 4
Golden C....... ........... ...... ........
Powdered; : ........ ... ...... ...
S Cut Loaf........ ............ ........ 10 I .
COFFEE, Rio-Fair.......... ............................
Choice .............:.......................... i1
soo .. ......................... .... .............:
'Java 0. 4... .. ... .
och. .. .................... ... .... ,, 11
Pea std ..... ................ ... ...
. : Magacatbk.... ..................... .A..... '
Any pf above grades rated to order
LOUR--Snow Drop, best, atent........... ... @7 75
.N A, patent...:........................... ^, 7 25(0 -4
; .. .... ., .. 7
le o .............................. .... 6 25@7 00
Orange Co., No. 1......... ..................... 650
ME]ATS-Bacon.... ............................. ......... 104@11
Shoulders .................. ........... ....... 12
HaMiNt--Pearl, per bbl ............ .. ......... 450
ME -per bl.......... .... ........ .... ............... 4 50
LARD-eflned In pails................................ 13
Burm-Very best, kegs (on ice)..................... 35 to40
CHEESE--Full cream ............................ .......... 15,
Half cream .................................. .... .
TOBACCO-Smokin-"the Boss" Durham s
h T Os Duram. 1 .....pk ....... 30
Sitting Bull" D. (gellne)s....... 50
"Sitting Bull". (genuine). .... ...... 75
"Sitting Bull" ,genUtne) ........ 49
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) -lb pkge.. 45
Plug--Shrell Ro-d 4.plur to .? 0
S ft bboxes................................... 55
"Florida Boys" 5 plitgs to lb., 80 lb
Ioxes............. ,........ ........... 86
"Florida Girls"--Bright t'ist, 14 to
Slb.,1 i bboxes..... .5 0
ular brand, per thousandj......... 27 00
"OunS X,- choice cigar, eay 'mok'r 24 00
'Our'XX,"a ry choicesmoker.... 2600
"Florida Bo," (we arestate Agt,) 35 00
Peerless, 8 oz., per box................3 50
Starch, lump r lb..... .............. ....... 60c
Hos r C. rr, BAKING POWDERS-.
Ho Qs, YEAsT C meC BAKING .POWDnRS- ... .
H ops, perlb .............................................. 15@22c
Agor' esh Yeast Cakes, per' doz.. .0c
SGrant's 8-Dimeo Baking Powder, per
ddz. 1Vlb...... ............. ...... .. ..... ... 2 2 2
ow'Talk BakingPowderperdoz.ll. 225
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. : lb...... 2
Boya B ng Powder, per doz. l B...... 0
Florida Sugar and syrups ruling high
for first grades. ; .
POTATOES--Irish, perbb, new .... ................ 4 5@4 60
CHICKEN;, 'each............... ........ 240
EGGO, rPer dozi 7 ...... .......... ., ............... 3... 4
HIDES-Dry Flint Cow Hides, per lb., first class 13
Country Dry Salted, per b............@... 11
Butcher Dry Salted, per Ib................ 9o10
Damaged Hides....... ................ 6
Kip and Calf, 81bs. and under......;....... 10
SKINS-Raw Deer Skins, per ...................... 35
'Deer Skins Salted, per lb..... ............... 26@30
FURS -Otter, each, (Summer no value) Win-
ter.... ... ................................ 150@4 00
Raccoon, each........................................ 5@15
W ild Cat, each......... ........................... 100 20
Fox, each.............................. 5@15
BEESWAX-per lb....................... ........ ...... 20
WOOL-Free from burs, per lb.......................... 17@22
Burry, perb........................ ............. 11@15
GOAT SKINS--lach per Ib...................... 10
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch
I want some information about how to culti-
vate, time to plant, and how to prepare land
for Arrow-Root; also, when to dig the roots
and prepare them; also, what the roots are
worth per bushel for seed. I wish to plant an
acre next year. S. B. T.
[Will some of our experienced growers of
Arrow-Root please answer the above ?]
CHOCALUSKEE, MONROE CO., FLA., )
January 1, 1883. j
Editors of The Florida Dispatch :
Referring to page 578 of the current volume
of THE DISPATCH, and the inquiry about wild
cotton, I would state there is a variety of wild
cotton growing on the banks of every creek
that meanders from the Big Cypress through
the Ten Thousand Islands lying southeast from
Cape Roman. The stalk is perennial. Some
near my house have been in bearing over
twelve years to my knowledge. The plant
springs up in low, wet places near the river
and seems to have an affinity for salt-as high
tides from the ocean and overflow occasioned
by hurricanes do not injure it in the slightest
degree. The height is about the same as the
Sea Island cotton raised by E. G. Jaudon, Esq.,
thirty years ago, on his plantation near your
city. I do not think it bears as many bolls as
the cultivated cotton. It is now in full blossom,
so I cannot send you a boll, but will do so when
I can. I do not think it bears as large a boll
as the cultivated variety, though as I never
raised cotton, my memory may be in fault on
that point. In 1853 I resided in your city and
frequently. w thefields of Mr. Jaudon and
think his cotton b6 i~ere larger aapdiore num-
erous than these I see here. I have never made
any use of this ,wild cottid except to gather a
little at a tinae as I needed, to caulk a skiff.
The lint is. ot pure white, rather resembling
Nankeen cotton. Will send you bolls for ex-
amination when it matures. Respectfully,
W. S. ALLEN.
P. S.-A neighbor says wild cotton grows in
Manatee County, on the banks of the rivers near
Why and Wherefore.
OKLAHOMA, FLA., Jan. 16.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
I would like to inquire whether, when goods
are shipped by one line of transportation, with
clear and explicit directions to be delivered to
the care of another line, the first .line is not in
duty bound to follow directions and carry out
the wishes of those who patronize it ?
A few weeks ago, the writer of this shipped
three boxes of oranges by the Florida Dispatpch
Line" to a town in the,interior of New York.
The boxes were marked (both ends) in black
paint with the name of the consignee, destina-
tion, and in care of the "N. Y. C. R. R," which
being interpreted means New York Central
Railroad." The consignee received the boxes
through the American Express Co." and the
charges for the same from New York amounted
to $4.40; or nearly two cents per pound. Now
what I wish to know is, by what authority
were the goods delivered to the Express Com-
pany instead of the railroad? The charges by
railroad would have been about twenty-five
cents per box, or seventy-five cents to possibly
one dollar in all.
i" Can such things be,
And overcome us like a summer's cloud
Without our special wonder ?'
Will the "Florida Dispatch Line" rise and
explain ? G. W. DAVIs.
Farmers' Diaries and Account Books.
HOME FARM, FLA., Jan. 10, 1883.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch :
The suggestion you make in Work for
January" (THE DISPATCH of January 1, page
650), in regard to the keeping of a diary in
which to record the weather, each day's work
on ihe farm, etc., is a capital one; and, if acted
upon, this record will be found so valuable that
no ,practical, common-sense man will ever
abandon it. It has been my custom for many
years to keep just such a diary, which I also
use as a sort of rough day-book, journal and
ledger, all combined. Any old account book
may be used for this diary, or, if such an one is
not at hand, any paper roughly ruled on the
left for the date and on the right for dollars
and cents, will fully answer the purpose.
Perhaps the best way to convey my meaning
will be to make a brief transcript from my own
book, showing style and form, thus:
"1882, December 18--Monday-Cloudy, with
light rains, clearing off about 4 p.m. Now, 9-
,10 p. m.-sky starlit; weather growing colder;
thermometer 780 at noon; laid off upper field,
two acres, for orange trees, 20x20, digging
holes broad and shallow; Ned and Joe making
compost at 'shed; Bill cutting and hauling
wood; self repairing tools in shop; neighbor
Evans called with his friend, Mr. Hopkins,
from Iowa, hunting land, "bearing groves," &c.;
packed twenty-eight boxes oranges to go per
steamer to-morrow; paid Harry, 5Q(0 rails, at
75c., $3.75; paid Tobias, full, thr days' work,
at $1, $3.00-$6.75."
The details of each day iy of course, be
amplified or contracted ,aJ "ifitm, and the
money account transferred from diary to regu-
lar account book once eek, say every Sat-
urday night. While o;not offer this as a
very elaborate or perf ibde of keeping ac-
c.ojunts,, h ave found it oIgreat value; and
after severalyears--eiperie4n 4Uotild not know,
how to do *without it. I freqietly come in
from the field quite tired and "done up;" but
after supper and before retiring, I mechanically
and from "force of habit" reach for the old
diary and jot down the prominent "happen-
ings "of the day; so that'now I can turn back
to any day for the past five or six years and
tell where I was, what my hands and self were
doing, state of the weather, &c., &c. ,
To save trouble, I make my record with a
No. 2 "Faber" pencil, attached to the top of
my diary by a piece of cord about two feet
long, as pen and ink are not always at hand
and I am often too much fatigued to hunt
around for a pencil.
Your readers can of course modify and im-
prove upon my crude system, but they will find
the general suggestion of much value. Very
Florida and Valencia Oranges.
NATICK, January 11, 1883.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Being largely interested in Florida lands,
etc., I would like to ask you one question: Will
you be kind enough to inform me why there is
so much more indissoluble pulp in Florida and
Mexican oranges than there is in Valencia's ?
and greatly oblige a SUBSCRIBER.
REPLY.-We do not admit the fact, as stated
by our "Subscriber." We have eaten Mexican
(Tobasco and Cordeva) oranges of surpassing
excellence; tender, melting and pulpless; and if
he will send his very best imported "Valencias"
to our coming Fair, (February 13, 1883,) we
will agree to produce Florida oranges surpass-
ing them in all points of excellence-but espec-
ially in the very one mentioned: solubility
and meltingness of pulp. Send on the "Va-
lencias," by all means, and let us fairly test
them with our Nonpareils, Homasassa's, Old
Vini's, and one or two yet unnamed sorts which
have recently come to our knowledge.-EDs.
Our Florida potato-growers may be glad of
the information appended.. In a recent report
made to the Lancaster (Ohio) Agricultural
Society, the result of various fertilizers applied
to a potato crop were given. White Elephant
potatoes were planted April 21, in three rows,
each 40 feet long.
On row No. 1, equal parts of nitrate of soda,
dissolved bone, S. C. rock and sulphate of pot-
ash were applied.
On row No. 2, the fertilizers used were two
arts of sulphate of potash, one part dissolved
one and one part acid rock.
SFertilizer used in row No. 3, a good dressing
of rich, well-rotted stable manure.
'The application of the special fertilizers was
liberal--one-half tonto the acre; p9st on row
No. 1, $25 per acre; on row No. 2, $15 per
acre; stable manure, no fixed valuation. The
yield of No. 1 was 400 bushels per acre; the
yield otfNo. 2 was 320 bushels per acre; the
yield of No. 3 was 280 bushels per acre.
BEEs REQUIRE BUT LITTLE OXYGEN.--A cor-
respondent of the Country Gentleman remarks as fol-
lows on the amount of oxygen required by bees:
The idea that a comparatively small supply of oxy-
gen for the healthy existence of the bees, is one
which will help to explain some problems in apicul-
ture. It is not in a quiescent state only that they
require less pure air than the larger animals. Left to
their natural instincts they seal up every crevice
about their hives except the entrance. A moment's
reflection must convince anyone that with only one
small external orifice, and with every space between
the combs filled with the living, working, breathing
insects, the queen and her progeny must be doing
their work in an atmosphere which would be speedy
death to any quadruped. The pupM, :sealed up in
their cells in this same slightly ventilated hive, af-
ford another example of how the growth and change
in insect life may go on with a very slight supply of
FINE SOUTHERN WOODS. Undoubtedly the
South is the direction in which the furniture, manu-
facturers of this country must eventually look for
their supply of fine woods. Already we hear of
heavy purchases of Southern timber lands made by
Northern capitalists for the sake of their furniture
woods. Considering the bounteous supply of such
woods which the South possesses, it is only reasona-
able to anticipate a great development of her wood-
working industries. It may be profitable to sell
these valuable woods as raw material for Northern
shops, but it will be still more so to work them up
at home. We have said this before and shall prob-
ably say it again, since upon the realization of this
fact and the proper action in correspondence with it
depends in a large measure the future prosperity of
that section of the country.-Lumber World.
VALUABLE GLUE.-Take of shellac .th d; parts;
india rubber one part, by weight. Dissolve each
separately in ether free from alcohol. It is best to
do this in stoppered bottles and without heating, as
the ether readily evaporates. When solution is com-
plete, mix the two, and keep well stoppered for use.
This glue resists the action of water, both hot and
cold, and inost of the. acids and alkalies. If the
glue be thinned by the admixture of ether, and ap-
plied as a varnish to leather along the seams where
it is sewed together, it renders joints watertight.
The weary sun his parting ray hath shed,
Stealthy and still the dews of twilight fall
On blossomed shrub, and tree, and flowery bed,
That yield their odors to the silent call.
The field-flowers shut their soft, submissive leaves;
Trembling, in tears, they hang the heavy head,
While up the balmy breath of incense heaves,
Along the affluent air luxuriant spread.
So, when the sun of hope hath sunken low,
And drooping life of grief oppressive tells,
All outward beauty bowed with weight of woe,
Inly, a stronger aspiration swells.
Where night and tears and heaviness have been,
Rise richer odors from the soul within.
THIE FLORIDA DISPATCH eS
OFFICE OF OBSERVATION, )
SIGNAL SERVICE, U. S. A., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Weather for week ending January 19, 1883.
Tuesday 16...... 30.25 56 50 52.7195.0 0.60 N 5 Fair.
Wednesday 17 30.14 72 52 62.7 90.7 0.00 S 7 Foggy.
Thursday 18...! 30.14 7360 64.789.3 0.21 NE 3 Cloudy.
Friday 19.... ..30,21.73581 64.7 85.31 0.00 iNW 1 2 Fair.
Highest barometer 30.50, lowest 30.08.
Highest temperature 73, lowest 38.
NOTE.-Barometer readings reduced to sea level.
J. W. SMITH, Signal Observer U. S. A.
A correspondent asks us if "Any Ostriches
have been introduced into Florida yet ?" and
"Do you not think those birds might be profit-
ably raised in this State ?"
To which we reply, that we are not aware
of the introduction of any Ostriches in Flor-
ida, for breeding purposes, thus far, but we
have no doubt this State is as well adapted to
their growth and development as any other
in the Union-perhaps even more favor-
able than any other. But-there appear to be
some difficulties and drawbacks, even in the
Ostrich business, as we learn from a statement
in the New York World, which prints an ex-
tract from a report of Consul Baker to the De-
partment at Washington:
"Ostriches are, doubtless, capable of standing
the climate of almost any of the States, but pro-
ductive Ostrich Farming, whether for the feath-
ers or for raising the chicks for sale, ought not
to be attempted except in the milder portions
of the country, as the Southern, Southwestern
and Pacific States." As to the price of birds
delivered in the United States, he says in the
same report that probably breeders will cost
$1,750 per pair for four-year-old birds--which
may shortly be expected to breed, the price
will be $1,200, and for two-year-old birds, $750
In addition to these statements it may be said
in favor of Ostrich Farming that, successfully
carried on, it is an exceedingly profitable in-
dustry, as there is always a- demand for the
birds' plumage at high figures. So nruch fbor
the favorable side, and now for the other. Os-
trich Farming, even in Africa is a venture of
a more or less precarious nature. The birds
are of such great value that there are, of course,
risks of great loss. It is, therefore, of import-
ance that one have the knowledge born of actual
experience on an Ostrich farm before starting
in this business new to our country, unless in-
deed the experimenter is willing to lose money
in buying experience.
The two great objects, it appears, in Ostrich
Farming are to hatch the eggs and pluck
the feathers. Regarding the first operation
there is great uncertainty; one is not only in
doubt as to the number of birds which will be
produced but as to the fate of these birds, which
require much care and assistance at first. Where
Ostrich Farming is carried on to any extent
incubators are employed for hatching the eggs,
as the birds injure their plumage by sitting and
also lose at every hatching about two months'
Consul Baker recomipends as the best book
upon Ostrich Farming that of Mr. Douglas, of
Cape Town. It is published by Cassel, Petter,
Galpin & Co., New York.
The Co-operative Principle.
The failure of the Co-operative Dress Associa-
tion of New York has given rise to many unfa-
vorable comments by the daily papers upon
co-operation as an industrial principle. In one
or two leading dailies it is asserted as fact need-
ing no proof that all co-operative ventures in
this country have been failures. The truth is,
there are many flourishing co-operative manu-
facturing establishments in the United States.
One of them is the largest manufactory of wood-
working machinery in the world, selling its
products to every civilized country. Quite a
number of co-operative stove foundries, both
East and West, are running successfully, one
in (Troy, N. Y.) having been in operation about
fifteen years, and steadily increasing during
the whole period. Co-operative furniture manu-
factories are also running, bothlEast, West alnd
South, with excellent success. Hardware and
cutlery, boots and shoes, and a variety of mis-
cellaneous goods, are now being made in co-op-
erative establishments in different States )of the
Union. The mistake of daily newspaper writers
seems to be a confounding of co-operative stores
with co-operative manufacturing concerns. The
former depend upon tying their shareholders
down to a steady and exclusive patronage, upon
the supposition that each one is getting the entire
dealer's profit upon the goods he purchases. So
far as we can learn, co-operative stores have
seldom, if ever, been successful on this side of
the Aplantic. The shareholders soon refuse to
sacrifie6their independence in purchasing any-
where thf choose, and the outside public (who
cannot e ~ect dividends on purchases) natu-
rally conclu they can buy to better advan-
tage elsewhei The plan of a co-operative
manufacturing l blishment is very different.
The shareholder~ each employed in the busi-
ness at regular: No one is expected to
buy their prodi y reason of the co-6pera-
tive organizatioT. They compete with other
imanufactureftin the open market, and the same
elements of.,ability in management, advanta-
geous location and proper resources will pro-
duce the same success as firms or stock compa-
nies enjoy in the same line of business. The
advantages to the shareholders are that they
are insured employment while the shops are
running, and are enabled to participate in the
profits of the concern. A co-operative manu-
factory can stand bad management no better
than any other enterprise. About the same
proportion of them fail as other productive
establishments, and from like causes.--Ameri-
We have made war on these useless and cum-
brous abominations for years, and we are glad
to find such a strong ally as WM. HORNE,
Vet. Surgeon, of Mobile Ala., who writes thus
in the Southern Live-Stock Journal:
"The American Farmer is, in my opinion,
quite right in trying to do away with the unir
versal use of the blind bridle. With most
horses the use of the blinds are quite unneces-
sary, and consequently a cruel torture, and
shows a lack of sagacity in the owner by his
persistent use of the winkers. Horses are less
likely to shy when they can have a good full
look at objects. There is also an open, natural
appearance about the head when untrammelled
by the objectionable winkers. The eyes of all
horses are better to be open and free. True, a
few, a very few horses require the blinds-the
lazy and the cunning. The lazy observes the
motion for and of the whip. He unpleasantly
starts ahead, only to drop back into the breech-
ing the moment he sees the whip in place again,
and so repeats the unpleasant act. Sucha horse
is best with blinds, and so is the cunning horse.
These only give toleration to the blind bridle."
Cows, Grass, Poor Men, Etc.
Can I keep a cow? Can I raise anything to eat in
my famiily? Can grass be grown ? What can I do ,
to sustain myself while the orange trees are growing ?
Is it a good State for a poor man ? All of these ques-
tions are readily and affirmately answered if one lo-
cates in the hammock or on first-class pine land. I
submit the following formula for keeping a cow on
high pine land: Clean an acre of ground 8x20 rods,
prepare it thoroughly, mark it in rows four feet apart,
furrow the rows, apply some of the approved fertil-
zers at the rate of sixty-five pounds to each row;
work it well with a rake; plant six rows of guinea
grass, four rows to cat-tail millet, four rows to early
amber grass, six rows to sugar-cane, four rows to
Johnson grass, four rows to beggar-weed, four rows
Have all planted by the middle of February; cul-
tivate thoroughly. The first of April--sooner if the
season is warm-get as good a native cow as possi-
ble, put her in a pen, say four rods square, with a
roof of palmetto to keep the sun off, and commence
cutting the feed for her. Keep a few days' rations
cut in advance. Every spell of dry weather cut and
cure for winter. In hot weather water twice a day.
If a cow of the improved breeds can be had, so
much the better. The cat-tail millet, the sorghum
and sugar-cane are very juicy and difficult to dry,
but the guinea grass dries very readily. In Septem-
ber between the rows sow turnips, rutabagas, cab-
bage, etc., with plenty of fertilizer. In November
exchange for a fresh milch cow, if the first one be-
gins to fail in milk. Keep the pen well littered with
wire-grass, weeds, etc., and you will have fertilizer
enough for the second year. Another acre to sweet
potatoes will make your pork. Poultry of all kinds
can be easily raised. Poor men are obliged to work
everywhere-they are obliged to work in Florida.
I find the expense of keeping a cow on Northern
hay and bran and sweet potatoes at 50 cents per
bushel but very little, if any, more than buying con-
densed milk. A patch of Northern rye sown in Oc-
tober will grow all winter, give grazing and afford
fine picking for the poultry. The native Florida
cow, when well fed and taken care of, is a better
breed than the Northern native stocl One half the
hay will kpep a cow in the mild writers of Florida
that it takes to winter a cow North, and they respond
to generous keeping here as well as elsewhere.-I.
A. F., in Florida Union.
Weight of Logs and Lumber.
A Pennsylvania firm gives the following
weights of logs and 1 fiber : Weight of green
logs to scale 1,000 feet, Board measure-Yellow
pine (Southern), 8000 to 10,0QQ pounds; Nor-
way pine (Michigan), 7,000 8,000; white
pine (Michigan), off the stum("6,000 to 7,000;
white pine (Michigan), out o Wvater 7,000 to
8,000; white pine (Pennsylvania), bark off,
5,000 to 6,000; hemlock (Pennsylvania), bark
off, 6,000 to 7,000. Weight of1l,000 feet of
lumber, board measure-Yellow or Norway
pine, dry, 8,000 pounds ; green, 5,000 pounds;
white pine, dry, 2,500; green, 4,000. Weight
of one cord of seasoned wood, 128 cubic feet
per cord-hlickory or sugar maple, 4,500
pounds; white oak, 3,850; beech; red oak or
black ok, 3,250; poplar, chestnut or elm, 2,-
350; pie (whit or Norway) 2,000 ; hemlock
bar., dry, 2,200. One cord bark :got from
1,500 feet logs.
SHIPPING ORANGES E AST.-The Los An-
geles Times of January 10th, says: Mr. Jerry
Sewall, brother of S. K. Sewall, the fruit and
commission dealer of San Gabriel, leaves this
morning for Denver, where he will open a house
,for the latter gentleman, for the handling of
the orange crop and all sorts of California
fruits in the future. -They will make it to the
advantage of dealers, between Salt Lake and
Kansas City to get their supplies from Denver.
Mr. Sewall has already arranged for the hand-
ling of large quantities of oranges by the pur-
chase of the fruit of several of the largest-orch-
ards of the valley. Mr. Sewall also informs the
Times reporter that he was now in correspond-
ence with parties in New York, the substance
of which was that the city would afford a lucra-
tive market for California oranges in case of a
glut such as occurred two years ago, as freight
rate and other conditions had so changed as to
enable dealers to lay down the products of our
orchards in that city so as to make it profitable.
- --- --------- ---- --- --- 1 ~
Sanford's "Boom I"
Some cheering and pleasant things are said
of our vigorous young neighbor up the river,
by a correspondent of the Union. We quote:
One of the new features on the grant is, the
establishment of orange groves for sale. The
new Swedes are to be employed on this work,
and it is proposed to contract with Northern
absentee owners for keeping them up. This has
been done very successfully, in a limited way,
on this grant by the old Swedes; thus, Thurlow
Weed, Senator Anthony and others who had
or have groves on the grant, have had them
cared for for years to their entire satisfaction,
without ever having seen them.
The new policy seeks to meet the growing
demand by Northern visitors for improved
places, easy of access, and with the facilities
which a near neighborhood to a town supplies,
leaving settlers bent on "wild" lands to go
-farther into the interior and wrestle by them-
selves with the cares and labors of establishing
a grove. It is a curious fact, this instinctive
taking by the Swedes to orange culture, the
best kept groves in the State being probably
those in the colony, the result of labors after
time from their daily employment, and moon-
light nights have been for years utilized by
them to improve their groves. The light labor,
too, just suits these industrious, painstaking,
plodding people, and it has become now quite a
business with them to start groves, work on
them for two or three years and then sell out
for, to them, a "big price." Customers are al-
ways found for such investments, preferring
rightly to save their time at the cost of a little
more present outlay.;- And thus it is, that this
vast domain of the Sanford grant, upon which
thus far some one hundred and twenty groves
are already established, is to be cut up into
small improved places, d with good roads,
telephones, etc., to attrac*jeople with means
seeking winter homes or paying groves. Speak-
ing of telephones, .one is in use between here
and Belair, and that large grove is "run," so
they say, on a copper wire from the office here.
* ** *
Quite a curiosity, by the way, is to be pre-
sented to the church by Mrs. Sanford, and is at
present on view here at the hotel. It is a spire
from a church ini.the low countries, upon the
weather-cock of which appears 1571, the date
of its erection-just 300 years antecedent to the
date (1871) of the building by the first Epis-
copal Church here, and, in fact, in this county.
It is very pretty and quaint in form, and of
copper gilt, and awaits regilding before taking
its place on the church. It may look down on
this young town for another 300 years, and
what a lot of history we alsa Ihall have turned
out by the end of that tisre.
We await with. lively interest the arrival of
the "City of Jacksonville." She is needed, and
more boats besides, to supply the wants of the
travel~ and shipping public. We see some-
times seven boats in a day at our wharves, and
still they do not suffice for our present wants.
It required, for example, one month of earnest
effort to bring our water works up here, and I
think they are not all up yet.
When one considers that there are over
150,000 trees in grove form within five miles of
Sanford, and as many more within a circuit of
eighteen miles of Orlando, and supposing only
five boxes to a tree in bearing (while many pro-
duce twenty boxes), you can figure for your-
self what a prodigious amount of freight will
soon have to be handled over these wharves, to
say nothing of all the vegetables, pine-apples,
bananas, sugar and rice which the country back,
including the Kissimmee region, is bound to
send to the nearest and cheapest outlet to mar-
ket. When one thinks that the money spent
from the United States Treasury in the chronic
contest that has afflicted this Congressional Dis-
trict the past six years, would, if applied to the
Upper St. John's, have given us eight feet of
water up to our wharves and put us within ten
hours of Jacksonville by steamboat, one cannot
but feel that too much politics have retarded
our development, and that it is time politicians
were taught to comprehend that their best in-
terests lie in promoting the development of the
State, and not in wrangling, bickering or fo-
menting outrages, contentions and bad blood
among people who ask for nothing better than
to live in peace and harmony.
Important Information to Land Seekers.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., January 9, 1883.
W. H. Carpenter, Esq., Aniwa, Shawano County,
DEAR SIR: Referring to yours of the 4th,
this office is not a land office. It has no records
from which the description or location of the
public lands can be given. You should write
the public land office for the same. You should
locate the spot as to which you, may wish to
learn. If you ask generally where there are
public lands, it would be impossible for an of-
ficer to answer, so great would be the search
over such an area as the public lands lie upon.
You should select a township of six miles in
a county, which is designated by the squares
shown by the 'faint lines on all the maps. These
are six miles square, and by seeing the locality
which these squares cover, persons may arrive
at pretty nearly the place as to which they
wish to learn. These are described by section,,
township and range.
The range is marked by Roaan numerals at
the head of the map, runuiag east from the
meridian line in Leon Countyfom I to XXVIII,
which correspond in order o6h the projecting
land below. The numerals are sometimes re-
peated low down on the peninsula, to facilitate
the tracing down by the eye. Those west of
the meridian run from I to XXXIII, as will be
seen on the maps. Under the upper range lines
the townships are counted down from square to
square, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc., down to township 60,
the last to which the United States surveys;
have been run, on the bottom of the map. There
are thirty-six sections,of one mile square each
in a township, numbered one from the top right
hand corner to the left, and reversed, coming
down, to section thirty-six in the lower right
hand corner. The sections are divided into
sixteen parts, of forty acres each, and four
quarter sections; thus the descriptions read:
The N. E. I of the S. E. I of section -, town-
ship--, range -, or of S. T. 9nd R., and in
this form as to the other subdivisions of a sec-
tion. Fractions on coasts or rivers, or when
bounded or changed in form by old grants, are
frequently numbered as lots. Particular in-
formation, when the questions are definite, can
be had of the United States Land Office at
Gainesville, Florida, the State Land Office at
Tallahassee, the Disston Land Office, Jackson-
ville, and from many of the business land agents
who make the sale of public lands, and infor-
mation thereon, a specialty..
General inquiries, such as "What public
lands in your State can be bought?" cannot
easily be answered. All the public offices fur-
nish skeleton township plats showing the lands
for gale, such as they represent, for about $1,
and fillkr township maps for about $3, accord-
ing to the work on them, and the information
given. The better way is first to locate the
township, as near as the writer can; then to in-
quire if there is any land for sale in same, and,
if so, to request a map showing or describing it.
This will save inquirers much time, uncertainty,
and delay. Information as to United States
or State Homesteads, can be obtained by writ-
ing to the offices named.
The State Immigration office will give all
information possible to parties wishing to settle
in'the State, and give the sources of all infor-
mation as to lands; also furnish all printed
matter possible bearing on immigration.
Respectfully, C. DREW,
State Agent of Immigration, Jacksonville.
The Bureau of Immigration.
A proposition to repeal the law creating the
Bureau of Immigration has already been made
in the Assembly. In place of destroying the
Bureau it should be made stronger and more
efficient. We admit that it has not accom-
plished as much as it should have done, but
that can be said of many other worthy institu-
tions whose existence and labors'have blessed'
In our view, too -many men have been em-
ployed in proportion to the amount of money
annually spent. The Commissioner alone, if he
worked as hard as he might work,. ought to be
equal to the task of spending judiciously the
small appropriation hitherto set apart for this
work. If more money cannot be voted to the
Bureau the law should be so amended as to re-
quire less to be paid out in salaries, and leav-
'ing a larger sum to be applied to the main work
in hand. But we think it would be of great
benefit to the State to increase the appropria-
tion to the Bureau and put it in a condition
to greatly enlarge its field of operations. It is
true the State as sold four millions of acres of
the public laids and granted many millions
more to railroad operations, but it is also a fact
that there are a great deal left. But even if
there were not, the State is just as much inter-
ested in having the lands belonging to the Diss-
ton and Reed syndicates settled up as she was
before they were sold. It is by their occupa-
tion and improvement that the State is bene-
fited. It is increase of population, with its con-
sequent increase of taxable values that we want,
and the Bureau of Immigration will aid in se-
curing these just the same, no matter whether
those induced to seek homes in Florida through
its labors find them upon lands belonging to
the State or private individuals or corporations.
There can be no question that the Bureau
has accomplished much good, and there is, or
should be, as little question that it is capable
of doing a great deal more than it has yet ac-
complished. It, therefore, deserves to live.
Make such modification in the law as expe-
rience and wisdom may suggest, enlarge its
scope and place a larger sum of money under
its, control, but, kill it never. Let it not be said
that Florida has taken a step backward in her
effort to secure immigration.- Union.
[" The pen wherewith I write most easily is a
feather stolen from the sable wing of night."--Long-
I care not what the Day may bring,
The night is all my own ;
A thousand fancies round me fling
Their charms; I am alone !
Alone with Night and Solitude,
The world's great wheel is still,
Nor vagrant sounds nor voices rude
The happy silence fill,
Oh, charmed hours! that, all too fleet,
Speed on to bring the Day,
When shall the Night come, tender, sweet,
When Fancy hath its way ?
-We sneer at the Siamese for worshiping
the elephant; but think of the money that is
paid here annually just to see it!
-Hindoo girls are taught to think of mar-
riage as soon as they can talk. American girls
are not. They don't require teaching.
-When a powder magazine blows up, it can,
we suppose, be called flash literature.
1. I I I I I I I I ;-- I-- -- --~- -7-
THE'% FLORIDA DISPATCH.
THE ~~ FLORIDA DIPTH.7
The Discouraged Man.
A newspaper once contained an advertise-
ment for a man to fill a certain position, which
.concluded with, "No discouraged man need
apply." There was a deep worldly wisdom in
this, for discouragement is a terrible drawback
in fighting life's battle. The discouraged man
is defeated in advance. He carries failure
about with him; he faints when he seeds most
to be strong ; he falters where decision is most
needed; he halts where he ought to hurry for-
ward; he cannot stand up under the strain
and burden of the ace. It is hard that it
Should be so-harderu still that so little real sym-
pathy is left for discouragement. The world
does not need such a man, and has little mercy
for him; and so he falls into the ranks of the
unsucessful, while,he of high hope, who is yet
new in the struggle, who has not supped the
bitter cup of disappointment, and found out all
is vanity and vexation, strides before him and
is accepted where the much tried man fails.
There is something contagious in a buoyant,
happy, energetic spirit, which carries those who
come in contact with it away, and success is as
often the result of the strange animal force as
of perseverenceand continued effort. All the
experience iii the world will not carry the man
of deep discouragement successfully through an
POPULATION FLOWING SOUTHWARD.-The
Baltimore Journal of Commerce calls attention
to the fact that the sale of Government lands
in the Southern States is assuming large pro-
portions. Of the 8,650,219 acres sold in 1879,
there were 481,174, or 5.6 per cent. of the
whole, located in Arkansas, Alabama, Louisi-
ana, Mississippi and Florida, the only Southern
States in which the Government still own lands.
In 1880 the total sales amounted to 9,166,918
acres, 996,815 acres, or 10.9 per cent. being in
the South. The total sales in 1881 reached
10,759,107 acres, of which 1,517,136, 14.1 per
cent. were in the States named. In the year
ending June 30, 1882, total sales were 15,699,-
849 acres, and the, sales in the Southern States
had increased to 2,355,764 acres, or 15 per
cent. of the whole. In three years the sales in
the South have increased nearly five-fold.'
HAVE A HOME !-Every man ought to have
a home. There is nothing affords more com-
plete satisfaction than the consciousness of being
the possessor of a home, be it ever so humble.
A home is a great educator. The sense of pos-
session, the cultivation of flowers and fruits, the
Jabor to render home beautiful and comforta-
ble, refines aiid ennobles, promotes virtue and
religion and patriotism, everything upon which
society depieds for its peace and permanence.
Probably ti; most, threatening fact connected
with the country at present, is the number of
'vast fortunes being accumiilated. Thei rich are
i growing richer and thepoor po rr; tJuotrwhere
the fault is, we may not be able totdetermine,
but it is certain, that without a change a great
multitude of our people; are doomed to go
through the world homeless.--Selected.
A WIFE WORTE HAVINGO.-The following
agricultural item is from the Elberton New
South: during g Captain D. B. Cade's absence,
whilst he was improving his orange grove in
Florida, his plantation at old Petersburg, as
under the sole management of his wife, Mrs. L.
O. Cade, who has made the following crop with
four mules and the extra help of her buggy
horse at odd times: Fifty-two bales cotton,
eighteen hundred bushels corn, and three hun-
dred and fifty gallons of syrup, and has raised
twenty-five killing hogs, and in connection with
the above crop harvested a crop of small grain
of three thousand bushels oats and seven hun-
dred bushels of wheat," etc.
PAPER.-It is estimated that nearly 2,000,-
000,000 pounds of paper are produced annu-
ally, one-half of which is for printing, a sixth
for writing and the remainder coarse paper, for
picking and other purposes. The United States
alone produce yearly 200,000 tons of paper,
averaging seventeen pounds per head; the edu-
cated German takes eight pounds, the French-
man seven pounds, the Italian, Spaniard and
Russian takes, respectively, three pounds, one
and a half pounds and one pounl annually,
the consumption of paper being roughly in
proportion to the education and intellectual
activity of the people.
-A cheap black paint or varnish for iron
work is prepared as follows: Clear, solid wood
tar, ten pounds; lamp blck or mineral black,
one and one-half pounds; oil of turpentine,
five and one-half quarts. The tar is first heated
in a large iron pot to boiling, or nearly so, and
the heat is continued for about four hours. The
pot is then removed from the fire out of doors,
and while still warm (not hot) the turpentine,
mixed with the-black is stirred in. If the var-
nish is too thick todry quickly, add more tur-
pentine. Benzine can be.used instead of tur-
pentini, but the results are not as good. As-
phaltui is preferable to cheap tar.- Chicago
CAPITAL IN RAILWAYS.-"The amount of
capital whi has been invested in railways in
the past yeafs almost incredible," says the
Railway Ag.ge. Allowing $25,000 per mile as
a fair average '~ e cost of ai road, ,equipped
and in operation, ,800 miles of which we
have record have 7,000,000, to which is
to be added the v unknown Sum ex-
pended in preparing ds on which track
is not yet laid,"
HAY-DtRYING a id NE.---A patent exists in
England for a hay-'aving machine, which is
excellent in its way. It consists of a portable
engine furnace and revolving heated cylinder.
If after grass is cut, stormy weateiir sets in and
the hay gets saddened and wet and to all ,ap-
pearance spoiled, by the use of one of:these
machines it can be rapidly dried, stacked and
saved and made most excellent in quality.
WiDn PoTATOES.-Among the discoveries
made during the botanical tour of Mr. John
G. Lemmon in the mountain. ranges along the
Mexican frontier of Arizona, were two or three
varieties of indigenous potatoes. They were
found in abundance in very elevated meadows,
walled around by peaks 10,000 feet above the
level of the sea. In size they did not exceed
that of walnuts.
-In manuring fruit trees the peach should
receive a lighter 'application than most other
kinds. It is not benefited by much stable ma-
nure, but can be top-dressed with ashes or any-
thing containing. pdtash, almost without stint.
All stone fruit, especially those that are acid,
need liberal doses of potash.
-A railroad freight case has recently been
decided in the English court of last resort,
which, as the Ironmonger says, "goes to prove
that whether goods are carried at owner' or
company's risk, the companies are equally lia-
ble for damage, loss, or delay.".
HOSPITAL CARS.-The Pennsylvania Rail-
road Company has begun building hospital
cars, to be placed at convenient points .on the
main line and branches, in which injured em-
ployes may be placed until they can be removed
to their homes.
Our New Western Outlet.
The "Pensacola and Atlantic Railroad" is now
rapidly approaching completion, and will give
us a direct, all-rail communication with Mobile,
New Orleans-and California It runs from
Jacksonville through the northern portion of
Florida, which is broken into three grand nat-
ural divisions by two rivers, the Suwannee in
east and the Apalachicola in the west; and the
new road traverses the division between the
Apalachicola and the extreme western limits
of the State, of which Pensacola is the princi-
pal feature. The road, therefore, runs nearly
due east from Pensacola to the Apalachicola,
crossing the latter stream at Chattahoochee.
The river there divides and becomes the Flint
and the Chattahoochee Rivers. The road, after
leaving Pensacola, runs northeast to Milton,
crosses the Yellow River at Crestville, the Choc
tawhatchie at Westville, and then, passing
through Marianna, runs to Chattahoochee, there
to connect with the Savannah, Florida and
Western Railroad, running to Savannah, and
the Florida Central and Western, running
to Tallahassee and Jacksonville.
'BRAIN AND HAND.-Brain work costs more food
than hand work. According to careful estimates and
analysis of the excretions, three hours of hard study
wear out the body more than a whole day of physical
labor. Another evidence of the cost of brain work is
obtained from the fact that though the brain is only
one-fortieth the,weight of the body, it receives about
one-fifth of the blood sent by the heart inu the sys-
tern. Brain workers, therefore, requW a'more lib-
eral supply of food, and richer foonrthan manual
laborers. '. .e4 efq nt
PATItc E !-There is no word useot0 fluently
in the New Testament certainly p~ahspp in tae
Old, than the word ''patience.' here is no virtue
that is spoken of often'er, and pracT(leades than this.
People tYink that, patience,is a veryS 4lni~g; and
they do not to any great extent introduce inLto their
conduct: .Yet it is one of the most prof'i-d -of ex-
periehces, andlit may be skid to lie at the ve~ organic
centre o ChriPtiap character. It is impoi fle for a
,man to live as a:'true ian who does not know more or
less of the lore of patience. .
If 'you, have any .faith,.give me, for heaven's sake,
a share of it! r'Your doubts you may ke p to your-
self, for X have plenty of my-owrn.--GoetA ,.
The Silk Tariff.'
The Paterson Silk In4ustry association
has been earnestly. discugMing. tbh proposed
change in the silk tariff, and av committee of
members of this body, and of the Silk Associa-
tion of America, have held two conferences
with the Senate Committee on Finance in ref-
erence to the matter; the last one on Wednes-
day of this week, after a long consultation at
the Hotel Brunswick, in New York, on Tues-
day night. It has been agreed to ask thatthe
duty bfe made not less than 50 per cent. ad
valorem on imports of manufactured goods, and
that a different method of 'collection be em-
ployed, to prevent undervaluations and other
frauds. It is suggested that the value be placed
on the goods where the duty is paid, instead of
taking the market value where manufactured;
and it is held that if the tariff law is rigidly
enforced, in this regard, 50 per cent: will afford
as much protection as the domestic industry
has had under the present tariff of 60; and the
manufacturers are not afraid to have the re-
duction made on those conditions.-Dry Goods
~ '~' Ny
- '~ " - .....'..'""'- ~ ----
THHE FLORI.DA D'I SP A TCH.
702 t1I1~ FLORIDA DISPATCH.
One... ..................... 50 $ 1 50 0 $7 00$1200 $2200
Two........... ........... 250 600 1200 22 00, 4000
Three ................... 350 9'00 16 00 30 -00 55 00
Four................ 500 1000 21 00 3600 6 60
Five........;..:.. ......... 6 00 1300 22 00 40 00 78 00
Eight.................... 10 00 1700 3600 6000 14000
Sixteen............... 1900 36'00 6000 9600 17000
Ten lines solid nonpareil type make a square.
LOCAL ADVERTISING (seven words to line) 20 cents
per line. .____________
This paper has. the largest circulation: of any
paper (daily or weekly) published in Florida,
with a very large ,cireulatian in Georgia and the
Southern .States also has subscribers in every
State in the Union, with many in foreign coun-
Persons, are warned against paying. subscrip-
tions to any one calling himself our Agent, as
:we have no regular canvassing 'agent.
OFFICIAL OR GAN OF THE FLORIDA
FRUIT GR0 WERS' ASSOCIATION.
Special Club Rates with "The Dispatch." .
We have made arrangements with the publishers;
and will. club THE DISPATCH .with any ,of the
following publications, which will be mailed promptly,
upon receipt of price, for ONE YEAR : '
u TH FPLORIDA DISPATCH AND
AOiericn icqlturist ... .....$1.50 $2.00 $2.25
Atlantic .ony M agazine.......... 4.00 2.00 4.75
:Country Ge.`eaan............ 2.50 2.00 3.50
Detroit Free 8 s..................... 2.00 2.00 3.50
Eclectic Ma azi ................... 5.00 2.00 5.25
Florida cultris................2.00 2.00 2.75
Ft'rida W e ....4....... 2.00 2.00' 3:00
Florida We(41'. ...... .... 1.00 2.00 2.25
Family Stry a.. ...... :....: 8.00. 2.00 ':874P
Fireside Cmplthion................ 3.00 2.00 3.71
Fraik Lesli's Illustrated Weekly.. 4.00 2.00 4.75
Frank Led IIlt Chimney Corner. 4.00 2.00 4.75
Frank LeMk Popular Monthly..... 3.00 2.00 4.75
Frank I*lee's Sunday Magazine... 8.00 2.00 4.75.
Harper's Illustrated Weekly......... 4.00 2.00 4.75
SHarper's Illustrated Bazar............ 4.:00 2.00 4.75
Harper's Illustrated Young People. 1.50 2.00 2.75
Harper's Monthly Magazine......... 4.00 2.00 4.75
Lippincott's Monthly Magazine.... 3.00 2.00 8.75
'Nebraska ,Rarmer....................... 1.00 2.00 2.75
SNorth Amn ican Review............... 5.00 2.00 5.75
New York Weekly Sun............. 100 2.00 2.75
:New York Weekly Herald.......... 1.00 2.00 2.75
New York Weekly Tribune......... 2.00 2.00 2.75'
New York Weekly Times........... ,00 2.00 2.25
New York Weekly World.......... 00 2.00 2.25
New York Ledger .4,.. ...., .. 8.00 2.00 3.75
New York Weekly... :.........:. 2.00 2.00 2.75
Popular Science Moiitdly............ 5.002.00
Philadelphia weekly Times.......:.. 2.00 2.00 2.76
SRural Clifonian.. ............ 1.50 2.00 2.00
Southern Cultivator.................. 1.50 2.00 ,2.75
Scientific American............ 3.00 2,00 4.26
Saturday Night ...... ............::..... 2:00 8.76
Savannah Weekly News. ....... 2.0 .2.00 3.75
The Century Monthly Magazine
(Scribner's).............. ........ 4.00 2.00 6.00
Waverly agazine............-....... 5.00 2.00 5.76
The above are among the very best publications,
although we are able to dlub with others. Write us
for terms with any other paper or periodical, not in
this list, and we shall cheerfuilly quote club rates.
Remittances should be sent by Check, Money Order,
or Registered Letter, addressed to'
ORANGE CotrNTY FAIR.-The Association
of Orange County very cordially invite their
neighbors of Sumter, Volfusia and Brevard, to
"bring exhibits of .all kinds and enter into
friendly competition for the various premiums
offered at their Fair, on- the 20th of February."
good Brother P att, of. Palatka fferald
will,'probaby, use no o other is startling, but
most credible stories of. the Orocodilus lucius.
It can be supplied by Ahmead Brothers, in
quantity and variety.
Answers to Inquiries.
J. L.-We Klnow nothing better thanh.the
following compost fpr Peach tree: *Four parts
of dried mnuek, or good surface:soil from fence-
corners oor the hollows of the woods ; two parts
unleached hard wood ashes; one pOrt pure bone
dust. Apply in a circle around the tree, near
the extremities of the roots, anid work in lightly,
with a pronged hoe.
A. P. S.-Will try to print the article on
one selects, be-purchased' for ia foundation; as.
both time and :money wilt'be saved in the end,
Poor stock will produce only poor progeny.
while good, reliable stocking the beginifiing will
furnish valuable- f ls'the first season.`
ANOTHER RIIWIOAV V-The Orange County
Reporter states that the Tvares, Orlando and,
Atlantic Railroad" was couswpaecion the 8th
inst. The road is to ber about thirty miles long,
and contractors are rady to go to Work'on the
grading for twenty miles., THe stock subscrip-
tions are ample to cross4ie the whole, lin, and
go far toward the purchase. of the rails. There
is no reason for doubting that the road will be"
in readiness for next business season.
fg 4helridd isqkch.
JACKSONVILLE, JANUARY 2,, 1883.
D. Redmond, D. H. Elliott, W. H. Ashmead,
Subscription $2.00 per annum, in advance.
RATES OF ADVERTISING,
S PAID IN ADVAvNCE,
SQUAtES. 1 TIME. I 1 MO. 3 MO. 6 Mo. 1.YEAR
Close of the Volume.
With the present number we close the first
volume of THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, new series,
but all whose names are on our, books for a
year shall receive their full quota of papers. .
We bespeak the kinjl interest of our friends
for the new enlarged and improved volume upon
which we shall enter next week, and with it
we shall also send Title Page and Index to
.Florida State Fair 1
The Premiums offered at-the coming Fair
are quite varied and attractive. They are -of-
fered in good faith, and should all be sharply
competed for and taken. Let each and all of
our readers show some Florida production,
the very best and most attractive .of its kind!
Let us prove what brains, and muscles can do
in this favored clime! Let us. not be mere
"lookers-on in Vienna.9 We must join the
ranks of exhibitors& 'and workers, and, by a
grand exhibition, qf all' the products of the,
State, we shall proveto. thQiworld that Florida
is what her friends have" claimed-the "garden
spot" of the United States! '
THE DISPATII invites and solicits correspon-
dence from practical faniersp gardeners, fruit-
growers, florists, nurserymen, pouiltr d stock
raisers, housekeepers, mechanic a'nufactur-
ers, etc., -mnshdft, & fro all wh Iiniterested
in the growth and develop Plorida and
her sister States of thqe i~ we regard
as our special "parish" ."l of labor, the
claims of which we dM surat and hbn-
;estly set forth. An r ouif htded and
ever-welcome scribes to U nciseness and
'brevit^, IAvdt&*i`os T"
only on one side of the paper! .
Saurnt. "Papeteriel" .
The funniest and queerest ",ilw. departure"
in tho way of stationery'isthe "'AWigator" Note
Paper just introduced This aperr is put up
in various tints an.. si \,th envelopes to
match; and although the su) co 1oo1, perru-
gated and 'wrinkled, like the itanied ehtiele or
Outi" ititgunismtit of dfi itfamous Fi6 da "in-
sec tho:h !a'vUsed it sy tha? tie pen
glides over it easiy ys ti bresaid "swamp
angel" glides. through the still creeks and
lagoons.of his native haunts.: Of course this
hew paper' will find grest favor wit t~h i "Flor-
ida Toirist" and hunter of'curiho," and our
0. S.-It has never appeared to us that any
considerable portion of Florida.stands in need
of irrigation, and we do not believe that the
wind-mills now in use pay one per cent. on their
cost. For strawberries and a few other special
crops an abundant supply of wator is desirable;
but labors tao dear in Florida f;ir the ad'p-
tion of many of the modes of4 iyrigatiol success-
fully practiced in Europe and some other coun-
tries. We< have found a' constant stirring of
the soil, in dry weather, generally sufficient to
keep our plants in growing condition.
J. L. L.-You tan, got ct4tings oQf Raisin
Grapes, such as Seedless Sultana, Zante, cur-
rants, Muscat of ,Aleindiiia',' et., rm South-
ern California, at from $5o~o $0 per ihousaid ;
but they will not gr -,0yel .S.uth 4
Florida, and we do nAotien"c' .,th lixperin
im ent. ' ". i .... '
RS. AA. L. F.'-'W g ur w),redpep-
per, pretty liberally tnid. h. .r food.,,f ip.thi
morning. But we flid theifoliow ngedi-
tion powder and egg-itod" .Farm an
Garden : "Take linseed or, ,tttii-sednei4
each, two pounds; ground bone. tw pount;
copperas, eight ounces; 'baking soda, eight
ounces; charcoal, one pouhd iclhilk or ground'
oyster shells, two pounds; red pepper, four
ounces; and sulphur, eight 'ounceA. )Give a
teaspoonflil in the soft feed for each foW I The
cost of the above need i edfi 'cent per
pound." ., ,
Try the Poultry.
A Western writer in the Minntabolis Far~n-
er's Union says that ",many meni h hadhewnot
the means to stalf in, breedliig' tbroighbbed
cattle, sheep. or swine, can"i mak A go0'on-
mincement with .tho-oughbLtsd.tepd- W2
cost of good stock to start with .wil "ot be.
great, the expense' of keepingisrtil, th& i'IiL
crease rapid, and the profits l4 .a e ood
judgment is,used in selecting, an mInhg, and,
proper care and attention is given $`* business.
upon the labors of .the farg..7pe ,d .yvap
are seeking for other and ,easier e yRsomept.'
We advise such young ihen, .as 4 a the Ton--
tented farmer, to undertake efe liotnebine'
breed of pure-bred l',w a. tew tp pro-.
ducing good stock that wi..pi.gcaes,
for breeding purposes. 'The beusidllinly
a pleasant one, and rWill eprofithbte ifat' i- -
ously managed. In briie ^ *
important that go sto4sd , ree
THE FLORlDA DISPATCH.
T-lE FLORID DISP TCH 702 '-- --
Immigration and Agriculture in the Legis-
'The following important Bill was reported to
the Florida Senate on the 13th inst., and we
hope it will pass and become a law:
Section ofte of the Bill creates the office of
Commissioner of Agricultuire and Immigra-
Stion; section two creates a Bureau of Agricul-
tuire and Iminigration, composed of the Gov-
ernor and his Cabinet, and the Commissioner;
section three provides a salary fo\r the Commis-
sioner equal to those of members of the Cabinet
and requires him to devote himself exclusively
to the duties of his office; section four defines
the duties of the Commissioner to organize aux-
iliary associations in the several counties, .to
lecture, to prepare printed matter, etc.; section
five prescribesathe kind' of printed matter he
shall: prepare and' publish ; section six requires
the Governor to appoint and the Senate to con-
firmi the Comimissioner; sections seven to four-
teen prescribe the regulations. Concerning the
inspection and ar aldit ~tLlizerdb by a chem-
ist to be appointed by the bureau at a salary of
$1,500. Not over six inpectors are to be ap-
pointed by the Commissioner, and they are to
be paid by a moiety of fees collected for inspec-
tion, the surplus arising from fees to be covered
into the treasury.
[d dretidl4ed to the correspondent of the
Unonfod fthe for ~goihg synopsis.]
To THOSE interested in agriculture and fruit-
growing, the Rural Californian, published at
Los Angeles, Cal., is the only strictly horticul-
tural and agricultural journal making semi-
tropical fruit culture a specialty, on the Pacific
coast. This paper has recently been enlarged
and improved and consolidated with the Semi-
Tropic CQqal i, and is unsurpassed by any
agricultural .paper in the Western States. The
regular price is $1.50 per annum. The regular
price, of THE FLORIDA DISPATCH is $2. :We
have midOle special arrangdinents to club the
two at the extremely low price of $2. Send in
ALLUDING to pur cOhiing enlargement, the
Jacksoiville Daily Times kindly says "THE
DISPATCH, has rendered, valuable service to the
industrial growth of Florida, and it ris to be
hoped1 that the effort of the publishers to ex-
Sten its usefulness will be properly appreciated
*and rewarded." _
* TEicXis GCROIs.-In the most reliable quar-
ters, the crops of Texas for this season are esti-
Stated at $1,400,000 bales of cotton and 150,-
000,000 .bushels of corn.i. Texas now stands
first on the list of Southern States in the pro-
ductini; of cotton and corn.
...;* L. - :* *
AMERICAN POMOLOGICAL SOCIETY.-The
Nineteenth Session of this association will be
held. Mts' 4yar, in Plii-delphia the ,12th,
13th and 14th davs of next September, and
Florida must be properly represented.
THEi Scientific Editor has received several
inquiries in regard to insects. Answers to
which will appear in next number. His apol-
ogy for not answering sooner, is press of busi-
NEW YORK, January 19, 1883.
Special Telegram to The Florida Dispatch :
Receipts of pranges via Florida Dispatch Line and
Southern Express Company this week, 5,900" packages.
Selling from $3.00 to $5.00 per box. C. D. OWENS.
Latania Borbonl. i
Above present two Palms front the col-
lection of oi neighbor, A. PuETz, whose illus-
trated Catalog embraces many rare varieties
of ornaniettfi kn corative plants?..
AN IDEAL QR TE1E E!--The Orlando
Reporter tells us ttia oran es, orange blos-
soms and fruit in all' ; terYnediate stages of
growth'- green a -aref to bo 'seti'oh a
tree im W. A. PIaf 's Orange County grove;
and adds that there are now a thotisand ripe
oranges on the tree.
TELEGRAMS.-We are glad to announce
that, hereafter, the telegraphic rates between,
Jacksonville, Washington ai 'ew" York ~vll
be reduced from $1.50 to $1, and the rates to
all other Western Union stations will be 're
duced 25 cents..
In a soil once fertile, btit exhausted by improvident
tillage, the loss of fertility applies chiefly to .the
surface, and if we go belpw the distance that the roots
of the grain extended, we may generally find a sub-
soil rich in the elements that give vigor to the growth
of plants. In the approved modes of agriculture, we
seek to reach and bring up the subsoil by deep plow-
SAVANNAH'S SHIPMENT IN BULK.-The
first cargo of corn in bulk shipped to Europe
from Savannah was loaded from the new eleva-
tor on the 16th, aboard the British steamship
Marietta for Liverpool. It is Tennessee 6rn,
and was shipped by Richardson & Barnard fbr
S. G. Haynes & Bro.'s, of Savannah.
BIG ORANGE GROVE !-"The Harris Grove,
on Orange Lake, some sixteen miles east of this
place, will turn out between 18,000 and 20,000
boxes of oranges this season. Mr. Harris has
already shipped over 8,000 boxes. He averages
six car-loads a day."--Micanopy. Gazette.
-Hope nothing from luck, and the. proba-
bility is that you will be so prepared, forewarned
and forearmed, that all shallow observers will
call you lucky.
Suwannee and the "State Fair."
SWe were sorry to read the fllowiig i t
Live Oak Flor.ili Bulletin of December 1 :
"Our people take but little interest in what
is called the "State Fair." Several times Su-
wanAtod ( Iunty prod uets have been sent for
exhibit(fhi t nl ttwy were never exhibited at
all, or sone -ther "county received the credit
tht refor, c .usequently our people areo iscour.
aged, and Ju.tly so."
If Br(. MeCalpin's "facts aro true,'? (which
we d) not, for one moment, doubt) there must
have been some gross bungling in entering the
products .and exhibits of Suwannee, or the
Judges who awarded the credits to "some other
county," were culpably at fault. How this
could have happened "several times," passes
our comprehension; but we are most anxious
to make the ainende for all past errors, short-
comings and mistakes, and if "Old Suwannee"
will join her sister counties in frieiidly rival
for the State Fair prizes at the coming exhibi-
tion the Edit9rs and Pqblishers of THE DIs-
PATCH will see that she has a "fair showing"
and all the credit and "honorable mention"
which she may deserve.
Bro. McAlpin !--Advise your "constituents"
to send us samples of all their best products,
and if you consign them to the Publishers of
T'u PIlVATCH, the_ 4 1 e roperly jiV
*nd .re rted. .,4Ji A J 0
BAKED BEANS.-P. T. R., a correspondent
of the N. Y. World, says: Good baked beans
are wholesome and excellent eating. It is a,,
pity they are so often spoiled in the cokillg. '1
give my way of preparing them, wl I con-
sider first rate. 'Wash a quart of means and
let them lie in water overnight. !In the morn-
ing put them in the pot, with wer enough to,
cover ai inch or two, aied boil fitil tihe beans
begin to crack open. The transfer then to
an earthen crock and put a piece of salt
pork in the centre. Pour boiling water to
cover and bake four hours."
LIFE IN NEW YoRK.-The .fra
pays: i'h cp .the steam-heating m began to
.get in their work, New Yorkers cai ing with
new fervor the words of the old hymni:
'. Jneiath our feet and o'yr ouir leads ,
.Are equal warnings given.', ,-
"When they,take their walks abroad of a
mornfihg it is with a pleasing uncer inty as to
6Ither, an eleVated railroad 10oiobove will
tui.bl on theni, or aj undergr, od pipe ex-
pl ion send them kiting skyward a( an en-
vironment ;'pViig stoneS, apple..taids, ciW'
stone lenders and other wreck and.rubbish."
-Glucose is described by a French news-
paper a s."a product with-which wine is manu- .
factored Wthout grapes, cider Without apples,
and confectionery without sugar."
J. Sho wig SN ;L^ &A. T.vt. ?S8
Showing all ad sgnyeetto Homestad eIt ry, alJ o va-
cant State, Railroad, Disston and Reed lands, all post-of-
fices, railroad stations etc. Adopted by Board of County
CommisioIAers as the o icial map. Price, in a pocket t
form, $2. Price, on rollers for office, $3. Sent postpaid,
on receipt of price. A. ' .
F. A. SALOMONSON, General Agent,
to mar 17, '83 Ocala, Marion Co., Fla.
Orange Seedlings and Small Trees withl1, 2 and 3 year
old buds. All sizes of.Sour Seedlings. Also
On the Bluffton property and in Orange Co. For partic-
ulars apply to
F. C. SOLLEE, Supt.,
tomar 10 '83p Bluffton, Volusia Co.. Fla.
THE~]E FLORIDA DISPATCH.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
Some Practical Results in Florida, Season 1882.
Dr. R. J. MARVIN, Orange City, Fla., November 9th, 1882, reports: Crops-Orange I leAons, Limes and other semi-tropical Fruits, 800 trees on ten acres, ranging in age
from one to six years, used fertilizers as follows: I applied The Mapes Orange Tr"e Madnure from two pounds to the smallest, to fifteen pounds to the largest tree, twice a
year, in December and June, nothing else being used, and I am putting in Lw. at the rate of three tons per year and increasing a half ton each year. The Mapes Orange
Tree Manure was scattered broadcast and raked in. Trees are now growif finely thrifty and clean ; soil is a sandy, pine upland, season dry., ,
Remarks-" When I purchased this grove, the six acres of large trees had be6p d adly neglected. They were stunted, starved and covered all over With the scale insect, in
fact were in a dying condition having as many dead branches as alive. I used various fnbttilizers the first six months without discovering much: benefit, h saiyear go 1!
determined to try The Mapes Orange Tree Manure. During the past year the trees have cleaned of, put on a heavy new growth and averaged at least one-third larger. They
are in a fine growing condition now, the sap flowing freely, I am well pleased ivith the results and having laid in a stock of The Mapes Orange Tree MathWre intend to Continue
using it in the future. I am acquainted with the principles of vegetable chemistry and biology, enough, at least, to form a correct opinion of the quality of a fertilizer and
the needs of a member of the citrus family." .
C. CODRINGTON & CO., Editors of the Florida Agriculturist, DeLand, Fla., November 12th, 1882, writes, "There are many fine groves in this section of all ages, ma-
nured with The Mapes Fertilizers." "The Mapes Orange Tree Manure is fast gaining in favor."'
Cabbages, Tomatoes, Waternilons, Turnips and Potatoes.
H. G. LEEK; Mandarin, Fla., June 16th, 1882, writes: I am unforts ,0b heated on Auorof the poorest lands of the State of Florida, and have kept correct account of
the results of using the Mapes Complete and Special Manures on it, arnd snd yo the fllwlgwi whIch you are at liberty to use if you think beet: I used last l on ,0~0
plants of cabbage one barrel of the Mapes Complete Manure for light soils (ve~tablthgh1P~ iand retllzed therefrom $75. On 300 hills of tomatoes I used, this spring, $2.50
worth of the same fertilizer and sold therefrom.$51. On 500 hills of watermeYn I Iusedrbne btrrel of the same brand of Mapes Manure and netted therefrom. $54. I used 55
pounds on'a small patch of rutabagar turnips and sold $20 worth. On Irish Pot.foes the result was most surprising. My crop has been far ahead of all my neighbors, and I
would travel a long distance for the Mapes Manure if I could not get it otherwise. to feb 27'
= *. ...--~ ,B ,-.---- --.- .....eb 78
DESCI 1?XO TN OF
DE LAND, VOLUSIA COUNTY, FLORIDA.
SDE-CEMiBER 1, 1S82.
The town of DeLand is located five miles east ot our landing on the -St. John's River, whe' all river steamboats pass; very near the geographical center, north
and south, of Volusia County, and almost in the center of the
GREAT ORAN BELT
This p.e Is about. twenty-five miles from the Atlantic Ocean, and Is almost consta -favored with a tempered
SEA B gEZE
and from its elevation above the river, its location among the pines, and its isolation m all standing water, it is peculiarly adapted to the necessities of invalids. This
belt of land iss abo. twenty miles long, and averages about five miles wide. Our If e
by any pine land in t tate. 14 our village, which is only six years old, we have a *
FINE SCHOOL BUILDING
used also for C ,trch Services. A Baptist Church is now built, costing $4,000, furnished and paid for. A Methodist Church is nearly finished and the Episcopalians are
preparing to build. The Pre.byterians hold, service every other Sunday in the school-house. We have daily mails, and now have six General Merchandise Stores, carry-
Ing some of' lallrgst and best stocks in South Florida; also two Drug Stores, a Millinery and Notion Store, a Furniture Store, Bakery and Confectionery Store, two Liv-
ery and Fedtables, Jewelry Store, the Volusia County Bank, a Hardware Store nearly completed, a Masonic Lodge, four Saw Mills within two miles;and a Blacksmith
and Wago i' gp. Arrangements are being made for a High School to be established the coming season.
STHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST
a large eight-page weekly, is published here, and is a valuable paper for those desiring information about Florida. We have a Bell Telephone line in successful operation
between our village and our landing on the St. John's River, and a railroad from our landing via DeLand to the Atlantic coast is chartered with a land grant Of 8,840 acres
per mile. Tle Palatka and Indian River Railroad which is now being built, will pass through DeLand, and will be completed, as far as DeLand, by next winter. Our ho-
tels and boarding houses afford good fare at reasonable prices'. Passengers Will find a conveyance at DeLand landing on the arrival of the up mail boat daily, cnd a car-
riagO will be sent upoA order, by telephone, at othef times. For the information of invalids we will add, that several good physicians are settled in our midst, cultivating
oranges as a n a ness, ut afoing excellent medical ali when required. The population now, in and near DeLand city, that trade there, 800 to 1,200.
Th.;e e te i* sfmi-taopidal. Range of thermometer last four years-lowest, 26 degrees; highest, in the shade, 101 degrees. IWeather-Fall, Winter arid Spring dry
and ileai t A octaslona rain; Summer, sunshlitifi 6 rain alternate. Soilsandy,'underlaid with clay in many places, covered with a growth of wild gras. Water
in wells. 2Qto 4 -eet deep, usually soft and good. Syrfao-geitly undulating. Timber-Yellow Pine, 80 to 100 feet high. Average product of Orange Trees in full bearing,
1,000. Aerageprce o eit in grove, $1.50 per 100. Number f t reesper acre, 50 to 75. Extra good care and culture of course produces better results. Best months for
planting Oranti trees, January and February, June and July. Other products-Sweet Potatoes, Cotton, Sugar Cane, Corn, Pine-Apples, Bananas, Melons, Pears, etc,.
Good Board $7to $10 per week.; $1.50 to $2.00 per day. In gardening excellent results have been obtained in a small way, and this business will be developed with added
experience and better transportation facilities. No cases of yellow fever, cholera, sunstroke or other epidemic or prevailing fatal diseases have been known here, and all
climatic conditions are most favorable to health and longevity. Many settlers from the north and northwest are coming in, and our orange belt will soon be thickly set-
A CHAIN OF LAKES
northwest of us affords protection frdm frost so perftbetlrythat the extreme cold of December 29, 1880, did not injure our orange trees or fruit..
We are offering these choice lands to actual settlers at from $15 to $50 per acre. Village lots and improved property for sale also. For further particulars, call oh'r' ad-
dress J. I PAltVlC Deland, Volusia Co., Florida, or H. A. DeLAND, Fairport, Monroe Co., N. Y. to ch27'83
J~c~h~t,'C~otlr~ain C locc,'o ;B ,, DL~ ic~z lon
CHAS. H. DORs TT,
coMMISSION DEALER 'I
ORANGES, SYRUP, EARLY VEGETA-
BLES, HIDES, SKINS, ETC.
Prompt attention given toall business. Account Sales
and check given as soon as goods are closed out.
Stencils will bea irnished on apple ication.
156 Bay 'Street,
to mch 3 '83
GEm RICH selling bur Rubber Stamps and Music.
G Samples free. L. P. Bissell & Co., Cleveland, O.
W. N. JUSTICE,
Wholalsale Commission Merchant,
No. 313 North TWater Strect, Philadelphiia.
SPECIALTIES: FLORIDA FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
,J Large shipments remitted on day of sale, small shipments weekly. :, tonpv27 83p
Bearing Orange Grove WINTE PA is a new w in orange
INTER PARKII Cotuity, lorida, eighteen
FOR SALE. miles south of Sanford, on the South Florida railroad,
FOR SAL with a frontage of two miles upon three beautiful lakes.
S WINTER HOMES in the midst of Orange Groves, for
Located 2Y miles from prominent landing on St. Northerners, is the maino-dea. F amphlets and
John's River. 200 trees in full bearing, 400 trees not yet rMaps giving particulars, address
bearing, in fine condition, good neighborhood, churches, Ma g a a
schools, post and express offices. Owner would prefer OH API VIIAN & CHASE,
to sell one-half, has dther business, would sell the whole C A AN A
if desired by purchaser. For particulars address with WI R P R E CO LA
stamp T. F. DRUDY, WINTER PARK, ORANGE CO., FLA.
to mch 3 83 Emporia, Fla. to apr 4, '83 p
-~-"-~ ~ .' -.. ;i-
THE MAPES COMPLETE AND SPECIAL MANURES
.F 0F OR"
Orange Trees, Frutsand Vegetables.
A fall assortment comprising eight different brands, kept in stock at Warehouse in Jacksonville, Fla., also The Mapes Pure Ground u Bone, Dr Gtround Fish,
Potash, Salts, etc., for prompt shipment or delivery at all times. Circulars containing guaranteed analysis and composition of The Mapes Manures, prices, full directions
for use as well as reports from well known Truckers and growers of Oranges, etc., giving their practical experience in using the Mapes Manures may be had of
THE MAPES FORMULA & PERUVIAN GUANO CO.,
158 Front Street, New York.
TYSEN & SMITH, Our Forwarding Agents,
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
SOLE AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED BRAND
SNOW-DUIOP PATENT FLOUl.
Pirst randsc on: Finest Q ality
Best Butter in Tubs at 3o to 3x Cents per Pound,
M: K 1:5 T O' I OE -30
No. 38 West Bay Street,
- - Jacksonville, Florida.
LecLnd ~ieAgLt, L4an~ Byers and Ln.andcl Owreaers,
And Everyone Interested in Florida Lands
Can be supplied with
Made from United States Surveys-scale two inches to the mile-with topography complete, for every
township in EAST and SOUTH FLORIDA, delivered, or se6t by mail, for 50 cents each.
(Postage Stamps Taken.)
Discount to Dealers.
EXPLANATION CARD sent with every Map, showing vacant lands and where to apply for
them to purchase.
SpeOil lSVX ps of Counties, Cities and towns made o order.
.Arclaitectu'ral Designs a specialty.
My long connection with the Florida Land and Improvement Company (DISSTON PUR-
CHASE) is a guarantee of satisfactory work. Correspondence solicited.*
Address T. 0. Et:- .ES, Civil Engineer and DrauiTman,
Office with Florida Land and Improvement Co., cor. Pine and Fo ~ -Sts.
_JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. : oct23tf
ESTABLISHED 10866. ,
l. cGEORGE & CO
General Commission Me r chants,
95 SOUTH WATER STREET, CHICAGO.
---------------------------- -- --------
FLORIDA ORANGES AND VEGETABLES A SPECIAL
-REFERENCES :-National Bank of Illinois, First National Bank, Commercial Agencies, or any Wholesale
Grocer in CHICAGO.
to apl 8, '83.
G. L. LAWRENCE & CO.,
Stencils furnished by J. C. LANIFR,
FOR THE SALE OF
Oranges and all Florida Produce,
234 WASHINGTON STREET, NEW YORK.
QUTICI SALES, HO1NES.T RETURNS and .
REFER BY PERMISSION TO
Hon. S. B. CONOVER, Tallahassee; D. GREENLEAF, Esq., Jacksonville;
to jan. 30, '83 p. MESSRS. GOTULD & CO., Jacksonville.
F. S. CONE, A. H. MANVILLE E. A. HILL,
President and Business Manager. Secretary and Superintendent. Treasurer.
SA N V I L LE U I E I E S,
Lake Georg;e, Florida.
A FULL LINE OF FRUIT TREES adapted to this climate.
ORANGE AND LEMON TREES A SPECIALTY.
Catalogue for 1882-3,just out, free on application. to a
pr 17, '83
Hon01 M0on erso
THE PIONEER NURSERY of FL DA
ONE HUNDRED ACRES IN STOCI% .
THE SWEET ORANGE A SPECIAL 1
Catalqgue sent free on application. Address
L. A. HARDER, :
to feb 20, '83 Jacksonville, Fla.
LANDS on the east side of Lake Harris, Sumter
county. We the undersigned offer the property dte
scribed below, situated at and around Esperance, at
great bargains. For further information apply ori* ad-
W. P, COUPER, )
D. E. LOWELL, Esperance, la,
W. N JACKSON.
(1.) 90 acres land at Esperance, 1 mile lake front; first-
class willow-oak pine land; several fine building sites;
good elevation. Price $35 per acre. The above tract can
be bought in lots.
(2.) 80 acres, same location, 30 acres hammock; fine
building site, 80 feet above the lake, with mile lake
front; 10 acres cleared; 500 trees in grove, part bearing.
(3.) 40 acres, about 20 acres hammock, full view of the
lake; good land. Price $700.
(4.) 40 acres fine, high land; view of the lake; one
mile from Esperance. Price $600.
(5.) 75 acres, 20 acres cleared and fenced; 600 trees in
grove; pine-apples, etc. Splendid location; mile
lake front; 2 miles from Esperanoe. There is on the
place a comfortable dwelling, with a sufficiency of out-
houses. Price $6,000. Terms easy:
(6.) 40 acres good pine land, mile from Lake Harris;
25 acres fenced; 17 acres set to orange, lemon and lime
trees. Lemons, limes, guavas, pine-apples bananas,
grapes, &c., inj hearing; comfortable house and out build-
ing. Terms.to suit an actual settler. Price $3000.
(7.) 120 acres good pine land, 'A to mile. from Lake
Harris, in lots to suit~urchasers, $20 per acre.
20 acres first-rate pfe land, overlooking Lake Harris,
$25 per acre.
(8.) 15 acres on Lake Harris, with lake front good
view of the lake; nice buildingsite; 3 acres of ham-
(9.) 160 al( es, to mile from Lake Harris, good
pine land, in.19t purchasers. Price $10 per acre.
, (10.) 80 Iif~ ~ autifully situated, with a com-
manding vie R f e; 6 or 7 magnificent building
sites; A moi:1ake 10 acres splendid hammock,
balance No.!1 ,e laln, %mile from Esperance. Price
$20 per acre. ,
P. S.-Land will be divided if necessary.
(11.) 80 acres land Y mile from the lake, No. 1 pine
land; handsome location; view of the lake; 3 mile
from Esperance. Price $10 to $15 per acre in 5 or 10 acre
Groves will be set and '.ed for on above lots at reas-
onable rates. The party making the offer has had sev-
eral years' experience in the management of groves.
JoNES &sD BOWE N,
AGENTS FOR THE STATE FOR
- -- I
TNECAT. I EVERY DRUGGIST IN THE STATE
S WILL BE SUPPLIED.
It kills Ants, Roaches Mice and Rats. Nothing ever
before offered has half the merit. Any Druggist in
Jacksonville will supply you.
Manufacturer and Proprietor
to oct 29, '83 [P. O. Box 126.] JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
THE ARCHER INUIRSERIES
Grow a general assortment of FRUIT TREES, with
some Ornamental Trees, Shrubbery,
Vines, &c. Our stock of
is good; both Sweet Seedlings and Budded sorts on both
sour and sweet stocks. Some 8,000
LECONTE AND OTHER PEAR TREES,
one and two-year-old-fine.
A large number of JAPAN PLUM TREES, with'a few
hundred of the famous
on native stocks, &c.
ORANGE and PEAR GROVES made to order and
cultivated by the year for non-residents.
SEND FOR PRICE LIST to
LIPSEY & CHRISTIE,
to feb 5, '83 Archer, Alachua Co., Florida.
The great demand for these fowls have induced me to
secure the agency of Mr. A. C. HAWKINS for the sale
of his stock, which has no superior. I can sell
FOW L OS R EG1GS,
direct from his enormous establishment, at his prices.
I am also agent for the
AMETR ICAN PO ULTRY YARD
and on receipt of stamp I will send sample copy to
address. No one should undertake to RAISE PO
without some good POULTRY PAPER.
R.W. .PARRIAMOKA ,
to feb 2, '83 JACKSONVILLE, F PA.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCCH
SAVANNAH, GA., Decembyr 30, 1882.
-THE STEAMSHIPS OF THE-
MERCHANTS AND MINERS TRANS-
are appointed to sail from BALTIMORE for SAVAN-
WEDNESDAY AND SATURDAY,
and from SAVANNAH for BALTIMORE every
TUESDAY AND FRIDAY
Wim.Lawrence, Tuesday, Jan'y 2, at 1:00 o'clock p. m.
George Appold, Friday, Jan'y 5, at 3:00 o'clock p. m.
Winm. Crane, Tuesday, Jan'y 9, at 7:30 o'clock a. m.
Wm. Lawrence, Frilay, Jan'y, 12; at 10:00 o'clock a. m.
Johns Hopkins, Tuesday, Jan'y 16, at 1:00 o'clock p. m.
Wm. Crane, Friday, Jan'y. 19, at 3:00 o'clock p. m.
Wm. Lawrence, Tuesday, Jan'y 23, at 7:30 o'clock a. m.
Johns Hopltins, Friday, Jan'y 26, at 9:00 o'clock a.: m.
Wmn. Crane, Tuesday, Jan'y 30, at 12:00 o'clo'ek m.
Wm. Lawrence. Friday, Feb'y 2, at 2:00 o'clock p. m.
Johns Hopkins, Tuesday, Feb'y 6, at; 430 o'clock p. m.
Wm. Crane, Friday, Feb'y 9, at 8:00 o'clock a.:m.,
Wm. Lawrence, Tuesday, eb'y 13 at 11:00 o'clock a. m.
Johns Hopkitns, Friday, Feb'y 1y, at 2:00 clockk p. m.
Wm. Crane Tuesday, Feb'y 2A at 4:30 o'clock p. m.
Wmi. Lawrence, Friday, Feb'y 0,..at. 9:00 o'clock .: n.
Johns Hbopins, Tuesday, Feb'y27, at .1100 o'clock a. mn.
Cabin Passage, $15.00; Second; Cabin, $12.60; Round
Trip (Cabin) 25.00. The Comnpainy reserve the right of
changing the steamers and s6fling days.
For the accommodation of the Georgia and Florida
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SHIPPERS
this company has arranged a special schedule, thereby
perishable freight is transported to the principal
points in the WEST and SOUTHWEST by rail from
By this route shippers are assured that their goods
will receive careful handling anid quick dispatch.
Rates of freight by this route will be found in another
JAS. B. WEST & CO. Agents,
114 Bay-St., Savannah, Ga.
A. L."HUGGINS, Agent,
Long Dock, Baltimore, Md. 30-tf
SAVANNAH, FLORIDA & WESTERN RAILWAY
WAYCROSS. SHORT LINE.
O N AN AFTER SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 6th, 1882,
Train W11lll leave and arrive at Jacksonville as fol-
Fast; ril .Daily. Jack'lle Ex. Daily.
Jacksonvi at 9:30 a. m. Jacksonville at.. 5:45 p m
Jacksonvil :1500 J tanvi.ll atf' a:30 m
C allahwia .O. ;4 i .f..,.$i.,:25 p m
Waycross .1.2.59 BrLicl a...... 5:3 a m
Lios Oak at..:..... 6:45 p mi Macoh at......... 7:00 ami
SNow Branford.. 8:30 p m Thomasville at... 6:50 a m
San iAat...... 3:40 p m. Albany at ............11:15 a m
C n at..... 9:00 p m Montgomery at.. 8:00 p m
T ville at... 6:55 p i 1 New Orleans at... 9:20 a m
A nyat...........10:30 pm Louisville at...... ---
M totromery at.. 0.45a m Cincinnati at...... 7:00 aim
New Orleans at..10:00 p m Chicago at........... 7:00 p m
Nashville at........ 7:00 p im St. Louis at......... 7:00 p m
Washington at... 9:40 p m New York at...... 3:50 p m
Nlew York at...... 0:50 p m
Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars on this Train from
Jacksonville to Cincinnati via Atlanta and Cincinnati
Soutirn. Railroad; to Montgomery via Albany and
Euflla, and to Chicago via Montgomery and Louisr
SPasengers arriving by this train for Palattka and the
Florida Southern Railroad, make close connection with
steamer at the Railroad wharf.
iLeave Sacksonville at..,. .................1.. 1:20 p m
Arrive Jacksonville t:..,...... ..... ................... 05 m
Arrlve Savannah at...:.... ........... ...:........... 7:00 a m
arrive harlest at.................... ....... ......... 12:30 p in
Arie Wahington at..... ........ ... ................ 1:00 p m
Arrive New York at........................ ............... 9:30 p m
Arrive Atlanta at...... .....................,...... 12~1tp m
Af l -at ..................... 7:00p .m
Arrive St. Louis at..... ...........;...;....::;.
Pullman Palace.Sleeping Cars on this Train for Sav-
annah, Charleston and Washington.
SPassengers taking the night express can get into the
sleeping cars at 9 o'clock p. m.
A new Restaurant has been opened at Waycross,,and
abundant time will be allowed for meals by all passen-
Connecting at Savannah with steamers for New York,
Phi ladel ph ia, Boston and Baltimore.
Connecting at Charleston with steamers for New
York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail and Steam-
ship connections, and Baggage checked through. Also
Sleeping Car berths and sections secured at Company's
Office in Astor's Building, 84 Bay-street, and at Depot
Ticket Office. GEO. W. HAINES, Agent.
JAS. L. TAYLOR, Gen'l F. and P. Ag't. [*]
.Attention Loraltry* :Lb4en-
DR. R. BACHMANN'S Vermin -IIa.e; the only relia-
ble antidote to Vermin on Poultry of every description
now extant, viz: Lice on Fowls and Fleas on Dogsa all
other domestic animals are benefitted by its use. This
being anl internal remedy to be given mixed with the
food, because all external remedies have been a failure.
It is put up in packages of FIFTY CENTS and OTEm DOL-
LAR. Sold at Groceries and Seed Stores. The best of
reference given on application to the proprietor.
R. BACHMANN, M. )D.,
Depot with PAINE BROS., 36 BaStreet...
aug. 21 to feb. 21. '83.
Ocean Steamship Company.
SAVANNAH AND NEW 'YORK..
SAVANNAH, January, 1883.
The Magilficenil New I~ou Steamships sail from Savaninah on following dates:
CITY Of S-AVANNAH, Capt. Catiharine......................... .........................Wednesday, January 3-1:30 p. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. Nickerson............................. ......... ..........................Saturday, January 6-4:00 p. m.
TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher..... ...... ............... ..................................Wednesday, January 10-8:00 a. m.
CHATTAHOOCHEE, Capt. Daggett........ ...................... ........... ..................Saturday, January 13-9:30 a. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Catharine...................... .............................. Wednesday, January 17-1:00 p. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. Nickerson..... ....... ............... ..... .................... nSaturd January 20-4:00 p. m.
.TALLAHASSEE, Ca tt.FisherJ..:............ .. ...........a r .......... ............. ..........ry 2- m .
CHATTAHOOCIHEE, Capt. Daggett...........................................................Saturday, January 27-9:00 a. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Catharine.............. ............. ..... .......... ................ Wednesday, January 31-12:00 m.
Through Bills of Lading and Tickets over Central Railroad of Georgia, S~vanmah, Florida & Western
Railway, and close connections with the new and elegant steamers to Florida.
Freight received every day from 7 a. in. to 6 p. m., at Pier 35, N. R.
A gent of Line:and'. R. It. of Ga.. dfice New; Pi ei -5 t river, I'."', 8 -nt Yy R Ga,
W* H'. RHETTi Generabl-Agent. 317 Broadway, New York. ,
H. R. CHRISTIAN, Gen'l Soliciting Agent. C.D. OWENS,
12-2m Gen' Ag't Sav'l, Florida & Western Ry. Co 315 Broadway. N. Y.
B pton and Savannaih tea p qoipany,
ONLY DIRECT LINE.
STranshipment and extra handling avoided. Cars unloadedat wvilarf'n dannal. Unsurpassed passenger
SThe magnificent new Iron Steamships sail from Boston very Thursday at 3 o'clock, ard from Ppntral Rail-
road iWharf; Savannah, as flows: ,
Gate City, Capt. Hedge.................. ....................................Thursday, December 21st, at 3:30 p. m.
City of Columbus, Capt. Wright......................................Thursday, December 28th, at 8:30 a. m.
Gate City, Capt. Hedge... ........................ ........,;.. Thursday, January ,4t.bit:00 p. m.
City of Columbus,-Oiapt. Wright....................... ....:...Thursdny, January rlth,at 8:00 h.T n.
Gate City, Capt. Hedge ......o.................... .....uday,[u.:, uarJt i,3:l.,n
City of. G l.a.b.us.Capt. W rght. ............................... .I li,
Gate City, Capt. Hedge................. ................. ...Thursday, February lst, at 1:00 p. m.
City of Columbus, Capt. Wright... ... ......... u rU4iy, Feruary 8th, at 6:30 p. m.
Gate City, Capt. Hedge.................. .;........... ..... r y, e3 ruary 15t h, at 1:30 p.m.
City ofColumbus, Capt. Wright .... ................................".Tl'h rsdty, February 2'd, at 7:00 a. m.
Gate City, Capt. Hedge.............T.......................h..... .......: ./. rsday, March'1st,; at 12:00 m.
City of Columbus, Capt. :Wrig ...............................:............ Thursday; Ma~h 8th,at 5.) p.i m.
THROUGH FIRST-CLASS CABIN PASSAGE SAME AS TO NEW YORK.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Savannah, Ga.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent S., F. and W. Ry., Agent, Jacksonville.
F. W. NICKERSON & CO., Genejal Agents, Boston. 44-tf
Ocean Ste.iship Company of Savannah.
AVANNAH AND PHILADELPHIA.-qa
A STEAMSHIP THIS LINE SAILS FROM EACH PORT E VERY SATURDAY.
EXCURSION TIC ISSUED BY THE OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.'S PHI-ILADIELIPHIA LINE WILL
be received for passaa the Company's Ships to New York. Tickets sold by all Agents to New York via Phil-
adelphia at SAME [E as DIRECT TO NEW YORK.
Philadelphia ste ~ for January are appointed to sail as follows:
F t IfLADELPHIA: FROM SAVANNAH:
JUNIATA..... ......... Thursday, January......... JUJ ATA.. .....Tiesday, Jan.... .........................
JUNIATA........... ............. Saturday, January ........ J NfA'A.........Saturday, Jan......................... ................
CITY OF MAACON ...........:...:., ..S.tt.rday, Japuary........., NIYjA :ACON.......... S tnrday, Jan .......................
j .. .. : "' Jir.. F N:. .......Saturday, Jan.... ........................... ...............
Subject to change w. .
A-The "Rapidan" taf9fi) passengers... H
44-tf Agent, 43 S. Third St., Philielphia. Agents at Savanna h.
TheofSavannah Guano O.f Savannah, Ga.,
The Savannah uann us-
mpozorters azxd. Z a-zoafictwurerp of Mligli .-rade Fer-
tilizers, Offer fory Sle Theiar
Golden Fruit Fertilizer,
A strictly first-class Manure prepared specially for Florida Oranges.
"'OT O 7-~LTN," for Florida Market Gardeners and Farmers, is highly am-
Also ENGLISH ACID PHOSPHATE for composting. Pure dissolved Bone. KAINIT,
COTTON SEED MEAL, pure BIRD GUANO,
MURIATE QF POTASH, &c.
Each sack bear the 12pectiot .Tag of ite B'tai e ofi zesia, tiith >ows eCba jh11 1
,under tne nglu m1i1jpect~CoL1Ui 1+ b. ps end: is a guarantee that the Guano is what the
Analysis on the sack represents. No other brands in this State furnish such a reliable guar-
antee of their merits to the purchaser.
Send for Circular. 0. ID). DT"TlqT(.A.NT,
to may20-83 Jacksonville, Fla., General Agent for Florida.
CINCINNATI; NEW ORLEANS AND
STEXAS PACIFIC RAILWAY.
GENERAL PASSENGER AND FREIGHT DEPT.
CINCINNATI, OHIO, December 16, 182.
L. R. Tuttle, Resident Agent Cincinnati Southern Railway,
.Inform all shippers that car-load lots of Fruit and Veg-
etabIes, when in hoist cars or Cincinnati Southern re-
frigerator cars and consigned via
CINCINNATI SOUTHERN RAILWAY,
will be forwarded to destination beyond Cincinnati,
WITHOUT BREAK OF BILK.
E. P. WILSON,
to jan 24, '83 General Freight and Passenger Agent.
PERSONS ORDERING GOODS FROM AD-
VERTISERS APPEARING IN THE DIS-
PATCH WILL CONFER A FAVOR BY NO-
TIFYING THEM TO THAT EFFECT.
iiW. H. PILLOW'S-S a
8TRAWBYRRY SHIPPINtO AGENCY
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE REPACK-
ING AND COMMISSION HOUSE,
LeConte Pear Trees, and
General Nursery Stock
STRAWBERiRY BASKETS IN ANY QUANTITY.
Packing House at Waycross Wharf, Jacksonville,
Florida. mayl2 '83.
THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
THROUGH TA FF ON OANGES TONLY.
VIA THE FLORIDA DISPATCH LINE, AND ITS CONNECTIONS.
I 1%T EFFEO rl '.. TO'TT87 'M.E B E:M 24:thb., 1882.
FROM 10 5
JACKSONVILLE AND 0
CALLAHAN JUNCTION ^
Macon ................................. 35 70 $61 25 Madison, Ind........ ............. 75
Augusta .......................................40 80 70 00 Jeffersonville, Ind................. 75
Atlanta .................................40 80 70 00 Evansville, Ind...................... 75
Columbus, Ga ...................... 80 70 00 Cairo, Ill.. .............. .......... 75
Montgomery, Ala..................40 80 70 00 Indianapolis ........................ 80
Mobile.................................... 501 00 87 50Terre Haute........................ 80
Chattanooga, Tenn................. 1501 00 87 50 Columbus, Ohio................... 80
New Orleans........................ 601 20 105 00St. Louis..................... 85
Nashville; Tenne...................... 60 1 2 105 0 Chicago.................................... .85
Nashville, Tenn.................... 160 20105 00 Chicago........................... 85
Memphis, Ten n............'601 2 5 I ePa, Il1l ................8
Louisville, Ky........................ .70 1 40 115 001 Cleveland ............................... 90
Cincinnati, Ohio................70 1 40 115 00 Toledo......... ........................... 90
Henderson, Ky......................... 70 1 40 115 00 Detroit................................ 90
Columbus,Ky............. 01 411500 auk...............70. 40 115.. ... 90
Hickman, Ky.......................... 70 1 40 115 00
FOM I TO SAVANNAH. TO CHARLESTON.
_______ _Per Box. Per Bbl. Per Box. Per Bbl.
Jacksonville.................. ......... ........... ...... 25 50 35 : 60
Landings on St. Johns River....... ...... 35 70 40 75
Stations on Florida Transit R. ......... 45 75 50 80
Tampa and Manatee.............................. 70 1 05 75 1 10
Stations on the Fla. Cen. &]West'n R'yl 40 75 50 85
In Connection with the Atlantic Coast Line.
From | From From
From Ld'gs on Florida Tampa From
Jackson- St. Johns Transit and F.C. & W.
ville. River. R. R. Manatee.
_ _ -- -
q Po _P4P ...L,
Baltimore....... ... ..... 60 $1 2a 70 $1 40 80 $1 50 $1 05$180 75 $1 45
Philadelphia...................... 60 1 20 70 1 40 8 1 50 1 05 1 80 75 1 45
New York........................... 60 1 20 70 1 401 80 1 50 1 05 1 80 75 1 45
Boston................ ............... 65 1, 75 1 50 85 1 60 1 10 1 90 80 1 55
Providence......... ..... 65 1 801 75 1 50 85 1 60 110 1 90 80 155
To all rail points, and via Atlantic Coast Line. Shipments daily.
In Connection with direct Steamers of the Boston and Savan.
nah Steamship Company.
m rom I From From 1
Jackson- Sti Johns Transit and F..& W
ville. River. R. It. Manatee.
Boston..... ........................ 50 $100 60$120 65 $1 20 90 $1 50 65 $1 25
In Connection with Steamships direct from Savannah.
From L'd'gs on Florida
Jackson- St. Johns Transit
ville. River. R. R.
Philadelphia ............................. 50 1 00 60 1 20 65 1 20
Baltimore................................. I 50 1 00 60 1 20 65 1 20
Boston via New York...... 73 1 45 83 1 65 88 165
Providence via New York...... 65 1 301 75 1 50 82 1 50
and F. C. &W.
P., A P A
$ 901$1 50 65 $1 25
90 1 50 65 1 25
90 1 50 65 1 25
113 1 95 88 1 70
1 07 1 801 80 1 55
In Connection with Steamships of M. & M. T. Co., of Savannah,
SFrom Landings From From P rom
Jackson- on Florida Tampa It. C.,& W.
ville. St. Johns Transit I an, .
TO PRiver. I, R. Man*.
- -o o _. -.
i 0 0
Boston ......... ............................ 5 $110 65 $130 70 $1 1 70 $1 35
rovidence............................... 55 1 10 65 1 30 i 70 1 3I5 1 60 70 1 35
Washington ................................: 60 100 70 1 70 1 20i 80 1 i 20 1 6 I 50j 65 1 25
To make rates from Stations on Tropical Railroad south of Qgala add 5 cents
per box and 10 cents per barrel to rates from stations on Transit Railro*d.
Steamship connection from Savannah for New York every Tuesday;:id Friday.
For Boston every Thursday. For Philadelphia every Saturday. For Baltimore
Tuesday and Friday.
To make through rates from points tributary to the above, add the rates for
transportation lines connecting to above rates.
The dimensions of the Standard Box for Oranges are 12x12x27 inches, and the
weight is estimated at*80 pounds.
The Standard Barrel is double the capacity of the Standard Box.
Excess of capacity over the above will be liable to pro rata excess of charges.
The Car-load is estimated at 20,000 pounds, or 250 Standard Boxes. Excess of this
amount will be charged for pro rata. Car-load shipments must be to one destina-
tion and to one consignee.
Prepayment of freight will not be required, but good order and condition of
shipments will be an absolute requirement. It is clearly understood between the
shippers and the transportation companies that no responsibility shall attach for
loss or damage, however occasioned, unless it be from negligence, and that such loss
must attach solely to the company upon whose line such negligence may be located.
The above points are the only points to which rates are guaranteed, and to
which Bills Lading will be issued. The Bills Lading will be issued only by the
Agents of this Companyat Jacksonville and Callahan and the Agents of the DeBary
Merchants Line andBaya's Mail Line fromSt. John's River Landings guaranteeing
rates from those points only.
The charges advanced by this Line in good faith to connections at those points
will net be subject to correction by this Line.
Shipments of single packages charged double rates.
In every case the full name and address of consignee must be given for insertion
in Bill Lading and on the Way-bill.
Shipments via New Yor K will be charged at the current rates from that point,
with cost of transfer added.
Single packages will 1e charged $1 each to Boston, New York, Philadelphia and
Baltimore. If shipped beyond, they will be charged in addition the single package
rates of connecting lines and cost of transfer.
Stencils, shipping receipts and information furnished on application to any of
the agents of the Line.
Days of sailing subject to change without'previous notice. For further infqrma-
tion, if needed, apply to
H. YONGE, Agent of Line, and C. R. R. of Ga., Office New Pier 35 N River, N. Y.
Gen. W. L. JAMES, Agent, 2,5 South Third St., Philadelphia. A. L. HUGGINS,
Agent Merchants' and Miners' Line, Baltimore. WM. H. RING, Agent Boston and
Savannah Steamship Line, 18 T Wharf, Boston. O. G. PEARSON, Agent S., F. &
W. Railway, 211 Washington St., Boston. C. D. OWENS, General Agent S., F. & W.
Railway, 315 Broadway, New York. J. B. ANDREWS, Agent S., F. & W. Railway,
43 German St., Bltimore, J.M. CLEMENT, Agent S F & W. Railway, Pier 41
bouth Delaware Ave., Philateiphia, or to either or te undersigned.
W. O. AMES, General Freight Agent, Jacksonville.
F. B. PAPY, General Freight Agent, Fernandina, Fla.
JAS. L. TAYLOR, General Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent S., F. & W. Railway, Jacksonville, Fla.
D. 1H. ELLIOTT, General Agent Florida Dispatch Line, Jacksonville, Fla.
, ------a-~ L~I~~YR JC- -e ~ I;O-~Ir Ii s -- -- _~_-~--r-- ------ _- I--- I
r-- I . ...I I-- I-
T II E FLORIDA DI SPA TC .
Lands for,, TrucJk Gardenting.
Att fair prices hd on Reasonable Time.
We also offer
Ilit )IaIlNGL2 PON 9A
Sanford is rapidly Growing, and we have some
VERY CHOICE LOTS on
Sanford has Churches, Sch'ools, Railroads,
Car-shops, Telegraph, Telephone, Water
Works and all the advantages of an
For full particulars, address
JAXEt 4 A;jQI A en. gt.
Sariford, range Co., Fla.
In regard Lands:in Middle Florida, address
JOHN E. LAMBETH, Local Agent,
nov20-tf Gainesville, Fla.
MAXWELL, ANDERSON & CO.,
SAN MATEO, FLA.
to mar 18 '83p
S. [ESTABLISHED 18711] ... '
S J. A BARNE S & CO 0
FRUIT AND PRODUCE
C 0 M M I SSIN0 r M ER C H- A NT TS,
SOUTItERN' FRUIT AND VEGETABLES A SPECIALTY.
.3O and 3.2S North Dela-ware Av.e., PIIILApELP IIIA.
to jan 22, tf.
__ I __ I_ C I__I___I__ ____~_ ___ ___ ~__ _I __I ___ __
__ -; ----~
L.. AI Ii! J it-r. .
PARTIES VWISH.IN TO BUY .. bTII('H GOATS
should'address P. 0. ox .13, ORANGE lA' RK, FLA.
ORANGE, LCONTE IjEAt TREES, and General
Npirscry Stock. Baet quality. Lowest price. ,.
n1 -tc tMAoit 1in F I
IMPORTANT BOOK.--Apreliminary Report on Scale
Insects with Remedies for their destruction, by Prof. H.
G. HUIBAan, price,25 cents. b
FLORIDA BREEZES, by Mrs. Ellen Call Long, of
Florida, will soon be published by ASHMEAD BROS.,
and will have a large sale. Advance orders solicited.
FtLORIDX ILLUSTRATE.--10,X0 copies of which
have just been issued by us, cpnsijts of 20) imperial size
colored views in a handsome cloth case, illustrating the
different sections of the; State of Florida.
This is the handsmcest work of the kind ever pub-
lished on Florida. Price by, mail, postage free, $l.00.
Every one'interested in Florida should have a copy.
Address, ASHMEAD BROS.,
tf Jacksonville, Fla,.
BIOO MFIELD'S ILLUSTRATED HISTORICAL
GTIDE O,F ST. AU(U1$TLNFI 4,ND). FLORIL)A, with
Il> f a..rist,- intd sU ndi ilrfini'ant .' For-sale
by all booksellers and newsdealers in the Atate, or sent
to anyvd.dress for r5) cents by
to ap-8 ,t-AuAgstine, Fla.
bL,.A LAN .'-. full hlje for .Tustiek s of the Peace,
Circt courts, etc. Deeds, Mortgages,. etc., are printed
an1 t b she byk ASHMF4D itRO. Ct nv osonville, Fla.,
Writ e -ftak g .,o tf
TO AlVE N.-- aRS. ae -.6rculation: For the
next two Vt rTHE FLO~TtIlDJi PATCHI will is-
sue froniBto 10,0y -eopies every 'Wteek; about 40,000
a morna, .
Mer s and other 'shoalnid take ad&t'ntage of this
and adertise liberally. .
For advertising rate 's&e editorial page. tf
A WRtA. e. yor. orange. wraps f i
iWO TITE FOR PUBLICATION.
.QGAIy[ESVTLLE, FLA., January 3,1883. J
seby given that the fllowing-named,
s ettt tiled ,notice of Nls intention to, make
final p p9pot of' is claim, and that said proof
Swill abe ore T. E. Buckman, Clerk Circuit Court,
at Jackso Fi4da, SatSrdtay-elbi t'ry 17, 1883,
viz: Geo te t~Y 1, oi 4, fO4, fr th
lots 1 an 2, n 15, Township.4 south, Range 27 east.
tHe name wing witnesses to prove his con-
'I 06 n, o"snerts aa
tt L. A BARNES, Register.
LAND OFFICE, ,
GAINESVILLE, FLA., January 9, 18I
TE is, hereby given1 ..t~hat ,he follpv 64med
N te ht s f led in~ot flsleritibn t6lake~ fnal
proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be
made before T. E. Buckman, Clerk Circuit Court, at
Jacksonville, Florida, onThursday, March 1, 1883, viz:
George Clark, Jacksonville, Fla., Homestead No, 4069,
for ,the q)toe 3qo1i E 2of iStSection 31, Township 2 s,
Ronge 27 e.
He inamethe following witnesses to prove his con-
tinuous residence upon, and cultivation of said land,
viz: Ptaul Palmner, Sam'l Anderson, Andrew Sessions,
Toby Session, jl of Janvll F egisterl.
-" t Atl~tl~ g Register,
to feb 14, '83. U. S. Land Office.
17 ~ T f T ~ i~ ~v... ... ..
SLands:in Middlo and, South Florida, .
S. .. N TH :
Sand SOUTH FLORIDA
]Lands for Or change Groves,
Are manufactured right in our establishment, in the best manner, and at short notice.
ORANGE WRAPS, tCfL c6unt-480 sheets to the rean4.) )( 10, 14c. per ream;
tlx 1'7c. per ream; 12x12, 19c. per ream..
.1 e. e v --4- *-_
S;This well known Nursery is now open for orders for all the best varieties of
Budded Orange and Lemon Trees!,
On Sweet and Sour Stocks. Also a choice.line of Ornamental Trees, Evergreens, Flowering Plants and Shrubs.
A specially fine lot of Japan Plums.
21 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA,, '
PUBLISHERS, BOOKSELLERS, STI16NERS
PRINTERS AND BINDERS, "
TOY'S .AJ ND 'A.2iTF0N'C^ Ajt't-cdS-
fro*my-s. &=- 1" m.:r
... ', L" D A LE RS i N : ,+
We aIitLC II L u ai or ItaLily
Bx n :mGm .....^ :p ..-.. ++.+
We-, hle tLi mnostcolinplete ook Bindery in the State. Can Rle. Number or a ge ort sny olse1us.
Blanks and lianik Tooks n .inuifactlred to order for Raflroads, ,Stealrlots, Iotels, links
and Corporttions. The ruling,.ofdifficult jobs a spccijlit y.
SWE PUBLISH ,, .
OA 20-ipge Weekly Agricultural Journal, at only $'.00 per year,
Devoted to Southern Agricultuore, Firit Growiug, Market Gardening, etc.
This paper l:ha the, larg, ;t, cirmiirlaion ofany pubishAd in Florida. Specirnen copies free. Write for a copy.
Itis generally coileoded we do t Finest Job Printing in the ltate. We have all t Jpr i iltatnery and all
i, ew type. Cai print titc hikallest- V1altii' Card ,o,.tPe larget *o R
J'rintUng of Pamphlets a specialty. Prices on application.
MIS; QgF B2OBE0 S O T 3F i.S 4IT
FLORIDA: FOR TOURISTS, VALIDS ORANGE CtJLTURE IN CALIFORNIA, by
AND SETTLERS (Barbour, I ofusely II- A. T. Gary, (cloth) ................. ...Price 1 25
lustrated) ........ .......... ....... Price $1 50 A MANUAL of GARDEING It ELORIDA
FIORIDA: ITS SCENERY, CLIM 'E (Whitner)..... .............. ....... ...... .....Price 50
AND HISTORY (Lanier)....,......... ......Price 1 50 COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA.'.....!.:.....Price 75
GUIDE TO-AF FLORIDA (E'wards) upper Price 10 COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA (Sectional-
FAIRBANKS' 8: ISTORY L 0F LOR ....... Price 2 50 the best).............. ................. ........... Price 1 25
GUIDE TO JACKSONVILLE........2.......Price 25 NEW 4ND ACCURATE MAP OF ST.
TOURISTS AND INVALIDS RE ENCE JOHN'S RIVER................................ Price 25
BOOK OF WINTER TRA ..........Price 75 MOLELLAN'S NEW DIGEST OF LAWS
SOUTH FLORIDA, THE IT F AMER- FORIDA, vo sheep, po teitr.P ., 4
I C A ..................... ............ .... .. ..... P rice 25 l N OI O '' .
DAVIS' ORANGE CULT inew, edition) EP2 EMEICOURTOF 0 LOR ID& .. P..... aP 00ce
enlarged and improve ........ .........Price 50 NOTES FROM SUNLAND ON THE MAN-
MOORE'S ORAI QE E (new edi- ATEE RIVER, GULF CAST OF SOUTH-
tion, enlarged ......:....Price 1' 00 FLORIDA. Its Climate, Soi; arid Pro-
ORANGE INSECTS (Ashmead,..Price 1 00 ductions, (By Samuxel C. Upham)...............Paper .25
HISTORY OF ST. A I E-De whrst............ 1.251 FLORIDA AS A PERMANENT HOME,.......Price .10
GUIDE TO ST. AUGUS AND FLORIDA-Bloomfield..................... ............................... .................. .50
S, AIy of the above books mailed oil receipt of price.
S..: Fm ail, postagefree, on receipt of c.
In Book FbrRm, Containing 1 ? Views Each.
Souvenir of Florida, (small size)................................ 25c Souvenir of Jacksonville, (large size).......................... 50c
Scenes and Characters of the Sunny South, (small Souvenir of St. Augustile, (large size).;......'... ..... 500
ste)...... .. ... ........................... ....... 25c Stereoscopic Viiws, per doz ........... ...... ..... .. 50
S *1, 2 )
10,000 copies of which have just been issued by us, consisting of twenty imperial size colored views in a hand-
some cloth case, illustrating the different editions of the State of Florida e .
This is the handsomest work of the Jkindbver published in Florida. Pi'ce by mail, postage free, $1.00. Every one
interested in Florida should have a copy.
v ....... + iiA U VI A +.
WARRANTY DEEDS, per dozen........... ........rice 50 J MORTGAESper dozen......................... .........Price 50
QUIT-CLAIM DEEDS, per dozen......................Price 50 | NOTRIA SEL PRESSES, made to order.Price $5 00
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