Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/NF00000068/00022
 Material Information
Title: Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Ashmead Bros.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: August 21, 1882
Publication Date: 1869-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (1869)-n.s. v. 9, no. 4 (Jan. 21, 1889).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of North Florida
Holding Location: University of North Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0497
oclc - 08331006
System ID: NF00000068:00022
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch, farmer & fruit grower; farmers alliance

Full Text

4d to the agricultural, manufacturing and Industrial Interests of Florida and the South.

Bea ote

Vol. 1.--No. 22.

Monday, Aug

gust 21, 1882.;

New Series.--Published by ASHMEAD BROTHERS, Jacksonville, Fla.

Price 5 cents.

$1.00 per Year, in advance; postage free.

First Prize Breeding Pen, at Lowell, Mass-
achusetts, January, 1882.
We present an excellent illustration of a
breeding pen of Plymouth Rocks owned by Mr.
A. C. HAWKINS, of Lancaster, Mass. Mr. Haw-
kins is the proprietor of probably the largest
poultry establishment on the continent; his
present stock being 8,000 birds. After careful
experiment and
study with the dif-
ferent breeds and
crosses he has giv-
en up all others
and for several
years has made
the Plymouth
Rock his exclu-
sive breed, believ-
ing them to be the
most practical of
any breed for the
production of eggs
and for table pur-
poses. The Ply-
mouth Rock orig.
inated in New
England a bout
the year 1865, by
crossing the Black
Java and the
American Domi-
nique-they now
bearing the color
of the Dominique.
They are a medi-
um between the
large and small
breeds, maturing-

quickly. The chicks make the best of broilers
at two and a half months old, weighing from five
to six pounds per pair; being very plump and hav-
ing yellow legs and skin, they are much sought
-for by the city epicures. The pullets of this
breed lay at six to six and a half months old,
laying well through the winter months. Being
an American breed, they are better adapted to
our climate than the foreign breeds and are less
liable to disease. The standard weight for
males is nine pounds; for females seven pounds.
They are a very quiet fowl and bear confine-

ment well; are good sitters and mothers. In
comparison with the Cochins, Brahma and other
large breeds, as well as with the Leghorns, they
have proved superior in the combined quality
of layers and table fowls. In the hands of the
best breeders, this variety has been bred to a
high standard and pedigree. They are fast
coming into favor all over the country, and seem
destined to be the most popular of all breeds.
Mr. Hawkins has bred the Plymouth Rock
exclusively for.several years, using none but the
finest specimens for breeding, and has brought
his entire flock to
a high standard.
He writes us that
he has shipped
fowls and eggs for
hatching poses
td every S~te and
Territory; also to
England and Ger-
By his advertise-
ment in this num-
ber, it will be seen
that he will send
circulars descript-
ive of this popular
variety to all who
desire them.

ERY.--The celery
growers of France
have united in the
offlr of a prize of
$2,000 for the pur-
pose of encourag-
ing investigation
into the nature- of
loss_--_ tIe celery-rust,
~ and the discovery
of a remedy.

7-| -. -I- _- n-- -~-- ---7~"~~ ~-~~- -I -~---J --_-^c- I I


Fruit-Growers' Replies.
[For full list of Queries of the Florida Fruit-
Growers' Association, see DISPATCH of July 3,
and August 7.]
July 28, 1882. f
.Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Query 1. What varieties, in addition to or-
anges, lemons, etc.?
Answer. Figs, limes, bananas, Japan plums
and persimmons, LeConte pears, peaches-in-
cluding Peen-To, apricots, quinces, wild goose
and native plums, pomegranates, jujube, grapes
and strawberries.
Q. 2. Prospects of orange crop ?.
A. Personal prospect for large crop, good;
isolated cases, ditto; community at large, not
over one-half crop.
Q. 3. Diseases, insects, remedy and results ?
A. Long scale, (Aspidiotus Gloverii,) broad
scale, (Lecamium hesperidum,) and the rust-
mite, (Phyloptus oleivorus.) Of all tried reme-
dies for scale, the whale-oil soap and parrafine
mixture, is preferred. Tobacco and soap for
the rust-mite-two applications, at different peri-
ods-have kept my oranges bright to date,though
I caught the little "rusticurses" getting in their
work. I will add here, in hopes that it may
benefit some new beginner, that my most seri-
ous trouble with the scale has been on low-set
Q. 4. Natural character of soil, use of ferti-
lizers, etc.?
A. Black-jack ridge, two to four feet to clay.
All the home-made obtainable, composted with
A No. 1 muck. Turning in of green crops;
occasional light applications of kainit or muri-
ate of potash, and LISTER BRO's. superphos-
phate. Have used small amount of STOWE'S
O. T. food; consider it the best formula for
trees in bearing, or just commencing to bear.
Q. 5. Style of pruning, etc.?
A. I trim out, for an open head, trying to
keep in mind the future looks of the tree. Have
never seen an orange tree injured by "Old Sol's
rays," when other conditions were in accord.
Q. 6, Mulching and cultivation ?
A. MuTch new-set trees, one or two springs
and summers afterwards ; keep clean, near the
trees, and ground in alleys, covered with green
crops in summer, to shade the ground, and in
winter, to evaporate moisture.
Q. 7. How do you apply fertilizers ?
A. Broadcast.
Q. 8. Budded or seedlings, and which pre-
ferred ?
A. Two-thirds seedlings. Prefer both in
above ratio.
Q. 9. Has LeConte fruited ?
A. No. Expect fruit next season, as trees

will then be five years old.
Q. 10. Cultivate Japan Persimmon or Chi-
nese Quince ?
A. Yes ; the former.
Q. 11. Experience with fig, banana, guava,
pine-apple and cocoanut ?
A. Have just got figs in bearing; bought rooted
trees; shall not do so "any more;" grow from
cuttings hereafter. Good bananas raised in
neighborhood, also guavas; no pines or cocoa-
Q. 12. Strawberries?
A. Nunan, Charles Downing and Kentucky
do well; have tried no others.
Q. 13. Other peaches than Peen-To and
Honey ?
A. Too early in the action for an answer.
Q. 14. Grapes, cultivation and varieties?
A. I have had in bearing for the past six

seasons-with an yearly increase of fruitage-
the following: Hartfords, 50; Ives, 20; Tele-
graphs, 20; Delawares, 20; Rogers', numbers
4, 5, 9 and 10; Concords, 5; Allen Hybrid, 3 ;
Norton's, 10. Total number of vines, 138. Sold
this year, in Jacksonville, 600 pounds, con-
sumed 200 pounds, and supplied the bird-
"that wakes ye up very morning, and puts ye
to slape very evening,"-at least 200 pounds.
"Were they nice?" Ask the Bay-street fruit
dealers. In addition to the above, I have the
three prominent members of the Scuppernong
family, and expect to make wine for home use.
As I've refrained from "ringing in an ad"
about this, the great and only paradise garden
spot, etc., I trust THE DISPATCH will join me
in the wish that you will live to ask the
above questions, ten years hence, and we be
here to reply, even though some of our answers
may be quite new to your old queries. For the
orange question "do move."

TANGERINE, FLA., July, 1882.
In answer to the circular of the Florida
Fruit Growers' Association, I would say:
1st. There are no other fruits grown in this
locality besides the orange, lemon, etc." In
fact, we haven't come to the front yet with much,
if any fruit, for we are too young as a locality.
2d. Crop of oranges will be as good as last
year on same trees, so far as I can learn.
3d. Scale has seriously annoyed some groves,
while others seem almost entirely exempt. All
who have used kerosene butter are perfectly
satisfied with it as a destroyer. Some who
have used an emulsion of soap and kerosene
oil, feel satisfied with results.
4th. Soil, mainly "high, rolling, pine," (fine
grayish sand with clay sub-soil, in many places
from one to six feet below surface.) Much is
rated as first-class pine land as to fertility. We
have a little hammock and an occasional muck
bed. Of commercial manures, Mapes' seems to
take the lead. A few experiments have been
made with muck and more are in course. The
dredging in the Ocklawaha River gives a
muck that careless weed" grows fifteen feet
high on; it certainly must be good for orange
trees. Many use green stuff (cow pea vines
and weeds) for mulching or bedding around
their trees, with satisfactory results.
5th. Very little trimming done. No matter
how much out of shape a small orange tree
may be, it knows what it's about better than
any one, and will eventually come out all right
a nice shaped tree," is the way one experienced
owner of a large grove puts this matter. To
shape an orange tree is not the easy task it is

with the apple or pear. As I gain more expe-
rience with this tree I feel more inclined to cut
back severely when transplanting and then let
it have its own' way pretty much, only re-
straining it when it seems inclined to make
vigorous shoots, too low down, by nipping them
and patiently waiting its own time to have it
put on a branch here and there where I want
them. I prefer to have a trunk protected from
the hot sun by short branches, which will be
pruned away when the top spreads so as to
shade it, from ten 'till two or three o'clock.
6th. I favor mulching and as little cultiva-
tion as possible near the tree. Good results
come, also, from several plowing per year,
(trying each time to have something green to
turn in). In this way the large roots are all

formed below the reach of the plow. Con-
stant cultivation" I deem injurious to sandy
soils, believing that in such a soil much of the
strength of the soil would be wasted on the
desert air," while the hot sun was shining on the
freshly turned soil. Keep the ground clothed
with a dead or live mulch.
7th. Apply commercial" on surface of soil
near tree, and hoe in with a potato hoe. If trees
are mulched, apply in circle just outside of
mulched surface.
8th. My own trees are budded to what are
said to be choice varieties, but whether they
will turn out to be better than the ordinary run
of seedlings, remains to be seen. I prefer
budding, because I will get what I want (late or
early ripener, etc., etc.,) if I have buds from a
tree with these characteristics. Seedlingsseldom
do this. For the same reasons that at the
North I preferred a budded peach tree to a seed-
ling from a first-class fruit, I prefer the budded
orange tree. Some people here prefer seed-
lings. They talk "seedlings" strong, but when
they want a tree of Mediterranean Sweet, they
insert a M. S. bud and don't think of taking
their chances on a seedling from a M. S. fruit.
9th. No LeConte fruit here yet. An occa-
sional tree doing very nicely. Rave much faith
in it from the way the trees look.
10th. Japan persimmon at several points in
neighborhood, but not fruited enough to settle
its character yet; grows nicely budded (in
March) on the wild stumps in our woods.
11th. Fig needs more fertilizer than most
people are willing to give it. Some trees, well
fed, bear largely of good fruit. The banana is
grown, but not as a business. We have to pro-
duce "too much straw" for the amount of
" grain we get with the common horse"
variety, the bunches being too small. The
Cavendishii has fine large bunches,and not being
so tall is not so liable to be blown down, but I
judge that it needs a richer soil, and it is said
to be more tender as regards frost. Most every
one has plenty of bushes of the common guava,
but I fail to see as much fruit on them as I
had expected. The so-called Hardy Guava "
is creating quite an interest in this locality,
some (about) two-year-old plants having half a
bushel of fruit on, and in my opinion it is of
superior flavor to the common variety which
lacks acid. The Hardy," (" Catley's," of the
catalogues) has stood 23 without the slightest
injury. It may possibly need richer soil than
the "common," but when its hardiness, great
productiveness and superiority of flavor is con-
sidered, this is of little account against it. We
raise pine-apples successfully, even without cov-
ering, which I consider of doubtful economy
for a commercial plantation, (" costs more than
it comes to if pines" were low, as they must
be when the local demand for fruit and plants
is satisfied and we have to send our fruit to a
Northern market.) Some enormous profits are
figured out on this crop, as high as $6,000 per
acre being attained even by a man who has

practical experience on a small scale. But
perhaps $500 per acre above expenses might be
considered as a fair return. We do not raise
cocoanuts. None of these fruits have yet been
raised to ship.
12th. The strawberry is a success here,
though but few grow any; moist soil best; high
fertilizer necessary; plant in October or No-
vember, 1x2 feet; cultivate with hoe; irrigate
if possible; make new plantation each fall;
Wilson and Crescent do well.
13th. "Peen-To" peach grown, but no trees
I have seen, look thrifty like a peach tree at
the North. Some seedlings ten miles north of
here are good sized, sturdy trees, unlike the
bushes with trunk suckers," ordinarily called
peach trees.
14th. Leaf-roller interferes with the cultiva-
tion of any of the thick leaved or "fox" varie-
ties of grape, such as Concord, Hartford, &c.,


nearly denuding the vines about the time the
fruit is commencing to ripen, say June and
early July. Scuppernong grown some, but
have never seen a vine bear enough to satisfy
my ambition. It does well on common soil,
and if we could graft Delaware on it success-
fully, I would have all I required in the grape
line. But as their buds burst at such widely
different seasons, I have slight hopes of success.
The St. Augustine (some tell me it is the Herbe-
mont of the North,) does well. No wine made.
Yours, respectfully,
Scale Insects.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
The importation of new varieties of citrus
fruits from foreign countries, has brought with
them diseases and insects, that a few years ago
were unknown in Florida. Entomologists have
carefully investigated the habits of these insects,
and to them we are indebted for some of our
best preparations for destroying insect life, en-
abling us to get rid of a pest that was destroy-
ing our orange groves, and deterring some from
engaging in fruit-growing. I wish that micro-
scopists would direct their attention to the fun-
goid growths that are infesting the orange,
lemon and lime, more especially that form which
is proving so destructive to our old and most
productive trees, and is known in some sections
as "curl-leaf," which I have named limb blight,
as being descriptive, and also to distinguish it
from "die-back," with which it is often con-
founded, but from which it evidently differs.
Those who have had the scale insect pests in
their orange groves (I suppose no fruit-grower
has been entirely exempt) knows by sad expe-
rience that many of the insecticides, recommend-
ed, besides being expensive, have failed to
eradicate the scale. It is only by experimental
tests that we are enabled to determine what
preparations are inefficient or objectionable, as
some not only kill the scale, but destroy the
tree also. We require a remedy that is easily
applied, will destroy the scale and kill the eggs,
and should be composed (as far as possible) of
such materials as are not costly, so that the
poor man can afford to apply it to his trees.
With the view of helping others, I present
the following: I have been contending with
these pests for several years, and have found
that it is almost a waste of time and material to
make local applications and fail to manure the
tree, giving it a tart to grow, as the scale is
more apt to make a lodgment upon the tree
that is dormant or diseased, than upon one that
is making a vigorous growth. I have tried
various remedies and am satisfied that there are

at least three preparations which can be relied
on, one a mixture of my own, consistilig of soft
soap, kerosene, and a small quantity of creosote,
letting them remain together until thoroughly
incorporated and diluting with water before
applying to th.e tree. Another is that proposed
by Professors Riley and Hubbard, called "Ker-
osene Butter." This I like much better than
my own ; it has proved successful in destroying
both the scale and eggs, in every instance in
which I have known it to be used.
I desire to direct the attention of fruit-grow-
ers to another preparation which is equally as
efficacious as the kerosene butter, and possesses
the advantages of costing less, is composed of
two good insecticides, and a smaller quantity is
required for each tree.
The grove of Dr. J. T. McKEY, of Apopka
City, was badly infested with the cocus, and had
upon the dead scale a heavy growth of both red
and white fungus. The Doctor had tried vari-

ous remedies without success; he manured
heavily, trimmed out the small limbs that were
covered with the scale and with a pump, threw
a spray of the following mixture over the trees,
giving them a thorough wetting, viz: Whale-
oil soap, ten pounds, dissolved in five gallons of
warm water, then add five gallons of kerosene
oil; these were combined by agitation with a
churn-dasher. This was mixed with eighty
gallons of water, making ninety gallons, and
costing at retail price for material, $2.25. His
trees are now making a vigorous growth, and
appear to be perfectly healthy.
On trees badly affected, the mixture, being
of the proportion of one to eight, will kill small
limbs if badly affected, and will cause some of
the leaves to fall. (They would die any way.) I
have found this result to follow the use of any
mixture containing kerosene or creosote. I have
used this wash upon a large number of trees
with satisfactory results. Am now trying a
weaker mixture, one to twelve of water.
Z. H. MASON, M. D.

Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Refering to back numbers of THE DISPATCH,
I find some articles upon which I beg to offer
a few comments:
SHODDY FERTILIZERS.-We no doubt have
our full share of them. We need stringent
State laws to insure truthful printed analyses.
In one fertilizer I have used I must have ap-
plied at least one per cent. of old china-ware
and two per cent. of rusty nails, and my trees
haven't yet yielded me a crop of cups and sau-
cers, (what I applied was perhaps not in a
"soluble" condition; I await patiently the
effects of time, that great solvent,) and I yet
buy my nails at the store at the "X Roads."
Though all soils here no doubt contain plenty
of lime, (which is proven by the growth of cow
peas), yet I have applied hundreds of pounds
of ground oyster shells, when I did not want to
pay freight on them, simply because I could not
get, cheaply, what I wanted without taking
what I did not want, and yet I buy my oysters
canned-narry ashell has sprouted.
LAWNs.-In the Bermuda grass we have
what seems to me to be a perfect lawn grass. It
stands our "sandy soil and parching sun"
(which you seem to think such a stumbling
block in the way of success,) perfectly. I have
two grasses under this name. The finer-the
one for lawns-has four to five (generally the
latter number) slender diverging spikes at the
summit of the flower stalk, while the coarse

variety, (known as devil grass in some parts of
Georgia,) has only three. The only difficulty
I find is to keep the edge of the lawn where I
want it, as this grass has runners, somewhat
like those of the strawberry plant. This is a
matter of considerable labor, especially if the
soil at the border is rich, for then the runners
will take to themselves, not wings, but quite the
contrary; they will dive into the soil instead
of running along on its surface and then "-eter-
nal vigilance" is the necessity. If one desires a
flower bed cut out in the grass, they must provide
some "edging," like bricks set closely, and at
least four inches in the soil or their equivalent,
or the bed will soon be taken possession of by
these underground stems, and the surface will
soon show their presence. No ordinary amount
of hoeing at the surface will kill them, and to

dig them out would disturb the flowering
TIMBER. CULTURE.-IIn several years' resi-
dence on the treeless plains of South Central
Kansas, where tree-planting is encouraged by a
gift from Uncle Samuel of 160 acres, if only
the recipient will plant 27,000 trees or seeds on
one-sixteenth of the land, we found that not one
"timber culture entry" in a hundred was ever
perfected. Those who took land under the
Timber Culture Act, generally got hard up "
in their endeavors to develop the resources of
their homesteads, and sold off or relinquished
the "tree claim" for $50 to $200, that some
one might take it as a homestead.
plants can be seen growing at Mr. POWERS'S at
Lake Eustis, Orange County. How much care
it has taken to produce the vigor these plants
exhibit, deponent saith not; but not much, I
should judge, from conversation with the grower.
In a conversation with Mr. WM. SAUNDERS,
Superintendent of the Public Gardens in
Washington, he stated as a fact that ordinary
first-class tea costs the wholesale dealer about
40c. pei lb., and that having some tender
growth to dispose of from tea plants which he
was about to ship, he made it into tea and sub-
mitted it to a wholesale merchant, not allowing
him to know where it was made. His judg-
ment was that it was first-class in quality, and
he remarked that he was prepared to take any
quantity of that article at 40c. per lb.
A NEW VARIETY OF OATs.-(Page 74.)-
Perhaps this may prove useful to grow in our
groves in winter (as it is described as vigorous
and as ripening by April 1st, in Georgia;) and
turn under as a green crop early in spring.
Even if not very productive of grain we would
care not. But alas, oats generally need richer
soil than our groves afford.
WIND MILLS.-J. J. H. asks in regard to
their capacity, price and utility for irrigating
purposes. I resided in Colorado for five years,
where almost all crops are irrigated else they
could not be cultivated. Only once did I see
any attempt to use a wind mill to raise water
for that purpose. The result was about in this
wise: Water had to be accumulated for a
week or two, and this necessitated a $200 tank.
The accumulated water (raised about 30 feet)
would give one good soaking to perhaps one
quarter acre of trees, flowering plants and vege-
tables around the house. As nothing could be
done there without irrigation the result proba-
bly paid for the effort, but I doubt"if, in Flor-
ida, it would pay to go to any such expense to
secure the results. F.
ENGAGING MANNERS.-There are a thou-
sand pretty engaging little ways which every
person may put on, without running the risk of
being deemed either affected or foppish. The
sweet smile, the quiet, cordial bow, the earnest
movement in addressing a friend, or more espe-
pecially a stranger, whom one may recommend

to our regards, the enquiring glance, the grace-
ful attention which is so captivating when united
with self-possession-these will insure us the
good regards of even a churl. Above all, there
is a certain softness of manner that should be
cultivated, and which, in either man or woman,
adds a charm that almost entirely compensates
for lack of beauty. The voice can be modulated
so to intonate, that it will speak directly to the
heart, and from that elicit an answer, and po-
liteness may be made essential to our nature.
Neither is time thrown away in attending to
such things, insignificant as they may seem to
those who engage in weightier .matters.

- -- ` `


Over Production of Oranges in California.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch :
Southern California has received within the
last fifteen years an enormous accession of smart,
energetic Americans, who have ousted the men-
tally feebler Spanish from their lands and have
utilized the ranches for agriculture and fruit-
raising, which formerly were mere cattle pa;s-
tures. My prophecy to the orange-growers,
made six years ago, is already partially fulfilled;
it was-as Mrs. Partington would say-that they
were planting more oranges than there was any
necessity for. I have had offered to me in San
Francisco, in June, hundreds of boxes of or-
anges for 45 cents per box. (The "box" here
is a standard measure, holding from 150 to 300
oranges, according to size.) The freight alone
on these boxes was 44 cents, and one can im-
agine the consignor's loss. To be sure, this
fruit was out of season, but the fact remains
that the orange-growers have, perhaps, a mil-
lion or more trees yet to come in bearing, and
the transportation lines are owned by con-
scienceless tyrants. That is to say, these rail-
road kings, in their corporate capacity, are ra-
pacious, insatiate and lawless; though, in their
individual capacity, they do many princely and
noble things. Mr. KIMBALL, of San Diego, a
shrewd, indefatigable man, said to me, "if or-
anges are a dollar a piece, there are millions of
people who will never eat an orange; but if
oranges are a cent a piece, the same millions
will eat a dollar's worth every year." This is
true, but it is even possible to overstock the
market with oranges at a cent a piece, especially
when the market is as limited as it is on the
Pacific coast. Therefore, I would advise none
to come here to plant oranges until some method
is found of utilizing the fruit other than selling
it in a fresh condition.
California can-can, not like the Parisienne,
but can-can apricots, and of this fruit canned
and dried, the world seems as if it could not get
enough. English walnuts are a demonstrated
success, and grapes for wine, also.
But even out here, the temperance men and
women are putting on a bold front, and are at-
tacking the evil of drunkenness with vigor.
A high-minded editor, Mr. GLANCY, who de-
nounced a low, drunken nominee, as unfit for
the important post of District-Attorney, was
shot to death by the villain, who goes by the
name of CLARENCE GRAY. Gray was con-
victed, but the decision was set aside on the
ground that the jury were supplied with too
much liquor. It is surmised that the liquor-
dealing friends of the murderer "set up" the
drinks on the jury for the very purpose of in-
validating their verdict. Thus are we at the
mercy of miscreants, who, in this State are
banded together in actual rebellion against the

Sunday Law-a law pronounced constitutional
by the Judiciary. The Liquor League are,
however, defying the constabulary and the
Such incidents as I have mentioned consti-
tute a strong plea for prohibition, and since
Maine, Kansas and Iowa have carried the day
for prohibition, why may not Florida and Cali-
fornia ? H. J. S.
Phosphates-Brains, Etc.
August 2, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
I feel deeply concerned about myself as well
as the balance of the State. It may be that I
have discovered the missing link between the
monad and such fellows as you and I. I sincerely

regret that we cannot have the services of the la-
Inented Darwin to aid us in our investigations. I
have a friend, a savant, whose word is law in
these parts, for many things. He says there is no
phosphorus or potash in Florida soil. Now I
have always associated in myy mind 'hosphates
with brains and nerves. No phosphates, no
brains; no brains, no phosphates. Now, if this
1 1 .. 1 .. TI 1 .. 1 1....

with Steamship Gate City," from New York,
Tuesday, August 15th, followed by Steamship
" Dssonr," Thursday, August 17th, and Steam-
ship City of Macon," Saturday, August 19th,
and thereafter every Tuesday, Thursday and(
Saturday, from New York, as far as may be
practicable or necessary.
Will you please let this be generally known
through your connections, and that we expect
to provide in this quickened and increased

De true, we nave hiere iso r lorniua, atoma ter schedule, for all husili's- that may be offered us.
other advantages, the solution of the great The sailings from here, beginning August
question of the retrograde metamorphoze of hu- 21st, (Modlay,) will accord with above, and
imanity, for if there be no phosphates in our are li posel for Mondays, Wednesdays and
victuals, what will become of the brains of ,i'itln V.
I wFill be able, in a day or two, to furnish you
Florida in the dim, uncertain future. The only names, (lits and hours for the proposed sched-
evidence I have thus far of any retrogade is ule, and meantime ask that its days may be
that my teeth are going a little faster than I made known through your agents.
should like. Now I don't want to go back- Yours, truly,
ward; I don't want to be an ass, however near G. M. SORREL, Agent.
I niay be to it at the present time. Something
must be done if our food contains no phoslhates. A Sea Monster's Fight; or, what General
We will have to depend on Stowe or Forres- Spinner Saw on the Coast of Florida.
ter to furnish us brain food by the ounce, but SOUrTH BEACH, BELOW MAYPORT, FLA., )
then they must not use any Florida beef bones August 13, 1882.
or that of a'ny other animal that has perfected Elditors of The Florida Dispatch :
its existence in the State, as they contain o or g, as I t for
phtosphorus. What a great thing is science and Earl yesterday morning, as I went r
the potency of larnin'. We no sooner learn a usual surf bath, accompanied by my daughter,
thing than we learn it isn't so. Now this idea Mrs. SCHUMACHER, we witnessed what has
of soils has come to me in this wise: You probably seldom been seen.
know that the Granite-Rock is the great-grand- The ocean was unusually placid,but a strange
father of all rocks and soils, and that by the
agency of streams and the ocean, which once commotion in the urf asnoticed. On neri
covered the hills and valleys of the globe, this the shore, it was seen that a fierce battle was
alluvium was deposited, from the detritus of raging between two schools of fishes, one of
primitive rock, which constitutes the soil over sharks, and the other of saw-fish. It was high
the face of the earth. Now the agency of the tide, and the water was quite shallow, so that
ocean in the distribution of the saline constitu-
ents of the soil, has produced one remarkable the caudal andthe dorsal fins, of both these kinds
result. Learned analysts have discovered a of sea monsters, were constantly seen above the
wonderful uniformity in the mineral 'constitu- water.
tion of the soil throughout the globe. Whether The onslaught of each of the combatants, of
in Europe, Asia, or America, in all these soils, which from sixteen to twenty were in view, was
there is found silex, alumina, potash, lime, fierce and terrific. A disabled saw-fish was
magnesia, iron, phosphorus, sulphur, etc. stranded. I waded in to him, and with the edge
Phosphate of lime, as it exists in the soil, is as of a piece of floor board, gave him the coup de
insoluble as granite, and can only be made grace. He measured nearly fifteen feet, and car-
soluble and available as plant-food by convert- ried a sword-saw three and a half feet long, with
ing it into a super-phosphate (not nature's way,) over fifty teeth on its margins. It was found that
or into a double or triple salt by the addition one of the sharks had bitten a piece out of his
of another alkali, as potash, soda or ammonia. side equal to a foot square, through which his
Now, I have always understood from these bowels protruded. At one time it looked as if
learned analysts, that there was enough of all another pair of the combatants would be
these mineral elements in any soil, not only to stranded, for in their struggle they came so near
make one crop, but a thousand just like it; the the shore that they touched bottom all the time,
only trouble being that nature wont be imposed but they finally managed to join their compan-
upon and refuses to give up her treasures ii ions in deep water, and after fifteen minutes all
one direction continuously, and like ourselves, the belligerents disappeared, to the great relief
likes a change. But this paper is long enough. of those who cared more for sea bathing than
We are very scientific down our way ; by the for seeing the terrific fights of sea monsters.
addition of 1-10 of 1 per cent. of potash to My daughter will carry the saw of the cap-
bones in existing formulas, we are enabled to turned fish to her home as a moment and tro-
furnish separate foods for leaf, wood and the phy of the great conflict, and for an addition to
bark of a tree, while one of our solons has her cabinet of ocean curiosities.
nearly perfected a most fitting food for the When the next fight comes off may you be
bark of a dog. While I am sensible to the there to see.
value of phosphates, potash and ammonia, I Very respectfully yours,
am totally insensible to the effect that a slight F. E. SPINNER.
fractional change of any of these constituents P. S.-This is no "fish story," but truth,
will produce, and I have seen it somewhere, I-. S,-Thi iof i.
that VILLE, who I believe was the originator ever wor of it.
of special fertilizers, declares that they are im- Cotton-Seed il.
Respectfully, The various uses creating the present demand
W. KILMER, M. D. for cotton-seed oil, seems to promise a demand

-- wide enough to consunle our whole seed supply,
OFFICE OCEAN STEAMSHIP Co., enormous as this bids fair to be. Should our
SAVANNA, Aug. 11, 1882. annual product reach seven and a half million
Jaus. L. TaGylor, Esq., G. F. & P. Agent, Satan- of 500-pound bales, which we may now look for,
nah, Ga : ,
n Ga : 40 .1 this w would indicate an annual seed suppy of
DEAR SIR :-To meet the pressure of south- this would indicate an annual see supply o
bound freights, we find it necessary to make 3,375,000 tons, which, at $12 per ton, would
tri-weekly sailings, which we propose to begin amount to $40,500,000 for raw seed and 128,-

- -----~_ -- ---

000,000 gallons of crude oil, worth 40 cents,
The oil- for culinary purposes now retails in
this market at $1 per gallon, and at that rate is
said to be much cheaper than lard, as well as
far more wholesome. For the benefit of our lady
readers, who may be disposed to give this na-
tive vegetable cooking oil a trial, we print the
DIRECTIONs.-Use it as you would lard, tak-
ing only two-thirds the quantity.
The oil is far superior to lard for culinary
purposes, when properly used, imperceptible
to the taste.
For frying fish and oysters, it is far less lia-
ble to burn than lard, and a much larger quan-
tity may be used without waste or extravagance
as the remnant does not retain the odor of the
fish, and may be poured off and used again.
For frying fish or fritters, or for baking wa-
ffles and batter-cakes it should be kept hot on
the stove in a suitable vessel, or they will ab-
sorb too much of the raw cold oil.
For corn bread, add it hot, the last thing;
this makes eogg bread without eggs.
For waffles made with cold boiled rice, or for
corn meal balter-cakes, the addition of a liitle
oil to the batter, renders it as rich and tender
as though two or three eggs were used.
For browning chopped onions and flour,
stews and gravies, it is not so liable to burn
black as lard, and gives a very rich appear-
ance, as more or less of the oil rises to the sur-
face in "eyes."
The oil, as it comes fresh from the refinery,
is limpid, pure and sweet, with the color, taste
and odor of the bottled salad oil, supposed to
be genuine imported olive oil.
From a hygienic point of view, it is a most
valuable substitute for lard, keeping the blood
free from the impurity and hunmors with which
it is frequently loaded where lard and butter
are used iln, c(king.

What They Say of Us.
WAUKUN, IOWA.--You are publishing a live
paper, and I wish you success.
OXFORD, OImo.-I desire to renew my sub-
scription to TIHE DISPITCH for one year. The
copy I receive has many readers, and we all
unite in calling it an excellent paper.
(Prof.) B. F. MARSH,
Miami Classical and Scientific School.
SOUTH LAKE WEIR, FLA.--You will find
$1 in payment of new subscription for THE
DISPATC. Your "New Series" is the most
complete in form, print and arrangement of any
paper of its kind ever published in the State,
and you certainly deserve the thanks and pat-
rourge of every planter and orange-grower for
supplying a need so long felt by us, viz : A pa-
per giving the latest and fullest information
pertaining to the agricultural development of
our State. None can afford to be

without THEi DISPATCH, and wish it every suc-
cess. E. B. FOSTER.
TAMPA, FLA.-I can't do without it.
Am quite pleased with your paper wish it
success. J. P. LENNERT.
best agricultural paper in Florida."
satisfaction; nothing said of it but in its praise.
It is certainly the best Southern paper I have
seen, and I would not be without it.
QUITMAN, Ga.-Allow me to say that I

found TIE DISPATCH indispensable, during the
busy shipping season, which has about closed.
I don't see how any melon or vegetable-grower
can get along without it.
Middle Florida Railroad Connections.
There have been several newspaper commu-
nications as to the lack of proper mail facilities
for that section, owing to the schedules of the
Savannah, Florida and Western Railway.
The people of Middle Florida were for many
years, accustomed to leaving home in the even-
ing and getting into Savannah the next morn-
ing, attending to their business during the day
and taking the return train in the afternoon.
This they could still do, but for the change that
has been made in the schedules of the Florida
Central and Western Railroad; but that train
on the Savannah, Florida and Western Rail-
way now makes no connection north of Savan-
nah, while the train, as it now runs from Live
Oak to Waycross and Savannah, connects with
through trains at Jesup for Macon, Atlanta
and the West and for Charleston and all points
North. There is no material difference in the
movement of the Northern mails from Middle
Florida. When leaving Tallahassee at 7 p. in.,
by coming to Jacksonville and leaving by the
fast mail train at 9 a. m., arriving at Savannah
at 3:40 p. m., with close connections on through
to the North, or whether it went via Live Oak
to Waycross-as this is the first through train
that it would intercept. That section could
secure a double daily through mail service were
a mail dispatched by the train leaving Talla-
hassee in the morning and arriving in the even-
ing via Live Oak, on present schedules.

Brooksville Cre.scent, of Aug. 5th, says: "We
were pleased to meet in our sanctum last week
Mr. M. ENTENZA, of Waldo, Florida, the lead-
ing cigar manufacturer of East Florida. We
were also highly pleased to try some of his ex-
cellent cigars-some of the best it has been our
good fortune to smoke. Mr. Entenza greatly
admires our rich, rolling hammock lands, and
was much surprised to find such fine lands in
Florida. He says they are capital lands for
the cultivation of Havana leaf tobacco-thinks
there are thousands of money to be made rais-
ing it for market. He says that in October
next he will send free to every farmer in Her-
nando County desiring to embark in cultiva-
ting it, a package of Havana tobacco seed. An
explanatory circular will accompany every

TICKS !-How TO KILL THEM.-A corres-

pondent of the Louisiana Sii(/gr-Bowl says,
truly, that "Ticks are among the worst pests
that animals are bothered with during the sum-
mer time. They get into horses' ears, and un-
less quickly removed, the ears become so sore
that it is almost impossible to get a bridle over
the horse's head. I have often heard of the
ears being entirely destroyed by tjiem. Some-
times a poor cow will get literally covered with
these blood-suckers, and such animals rarely
recover blood, but become buzzard sauce dur-
ing winter. Ticks can be easily removed, how-
ever, by a strong application of soap suds, say
one-fourth of a pound of common laundry soap,
thoroughly dissolved in one gallon of water,
applied with rag or brush to the infested places.
This will soon cause their disappearance, and
no harm to the animal by the use of the soap."

Weather for week ending August 18, 1882.
Therm. Wind.
I -----S '---! .

T I ll',il I siO ,.

Saturday 12...... 30.08 92172 81.7 74.70.00 E 3Clear.
Sunday. 13...... 30.01 9173 82.3 73.0 0.00 NE 2 Clear.
Monday 14...... 29.98 89:74i 77.7 86.7 0.01 NE I Fair.
Tuesday 15...... 30.03 91i74l 83.0! 6.7 0.00 NE 4 Clear.
Wednesday 16! 30.10 9277 84.01 72.7 0.53 SW 7 Fair.
Thursday 17... 30.09 89 78 82.0; 74.0 0.02 SW 10 Fair
Friday 18........ .30.04 91i771 79.71 81.0 0.83 SW 8wFair.
Highest barometer 30.13, lowest 29.97.
Highest temperature 92, lowest 72.
NOTE.-Barometer readings reduced to sea level.
J. W. SMITH, Signal Obt-rver U. S. A.

- -
Jacksonville Wholesale Prices.
Corrected weekly, by JONES & BO WEN, Wholesale and
Retail Grocers, Jacksonville, Fla.
SUGARS-Granulated ........... ....................... 10%Y
W white Ex. C........... ........................... 10
G olden ............................................. 8%
Pow dered .............................................. 11Y4
Cut Loaf ............................................ 11
COFFEE, R io- Fair............................................... 10
Good.. ..1....................... 10 Y
C choice ............................. ............. 11
B est .............................................. 12
Java 0. G ............ .......................... 25
M ocha .... .......................................... 35
Peaberry ...... ......................... 18
M aracaibo............................................. 18
Any of above grades roasted to order
FLOUR-Snow Drop, best.................................... 8 75
O reole, 2d best....................................... 7 75
Pearl, 3d best .......... ......................... 7 50
M EATS Bacon ............................. .............. 14
Hams (Merwin & Sons)........................ 1s
Shoulders............................................. 14
HoMlIiNY-Pearl, per bbl ................................... 5 75
M EAL-per bbl ................................................... 5 75
LARD-Refined in pails ..................................... 142
BUTTER-Very best, kegs (on ice).................. 30
CHEESE-Full cream ........................................ 141
H alf cream ............................ ............ .12
TOBACCO-We have made arrangements direct with
the manufacturers and offer you to-day as fol-
lows :

Smoking-"the Boss" Durham %s
and 's......... ....................
"The Boss" Durham 1 fb pkge........
"Sitting Bull" D. (genuine) 1s........
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) 1s...... .....
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) s............
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) lib pkge..
Plug-"Shell Road" 4 plugs to lb., 30
lb boxes........................... ...
"Florida Boys" 5 plugs to lb., 30 lb
b o x es..............................................
"Florida Girls"-Bright twist, 14 to
lb., 17 lb boxes...........................
Cigars-"Long Branch"a very pop-
ular brand, per thousand.........
"Our X," choice cigar, easy smok'r
"Our XX a very choice smoker....
"Florida Boys," (we are State Agt,)
These are all fresh goods and will compare favora-
bly in price and quality with any goods.
SOAP AND STARCH-Colgate's 8 oz., per box..
Peerless, 8 oz., per box.........................
Starch, lump, per lb............................ 51
Hops, per lb ............. ........................ 1
Ager's Fresh Yeast Cakes, per doz..........
Grant's 3-Dime Baking Powder, per
d oz. 1 lb...................................... ............
Town Talk Baking Powder, per doz. 1 b.
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. 1 lb....
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. lb.......

25 00
24 00
26 00
45 00

3 50
3 50
2 25
2 25
2 70
1 50

Florida Sugar and syrups ruling high
for first grades.
POTATOES-Irish, per bbl., new.......................... 4 25
CHICKENS, each.................................................. 20@40
EGGS- Per doz..................................................... 18@ 20
HIDES-Dry Flint Cow Hides, per lb., first class 13
Country Dry Salted, per b.................. 9@11
Butcher Dry Salted, per ibt.................... 9@10
Dam aged H ides............................ .......... 6
Kip and Calf, 8tis. and under................ 10
SKINS--Raw Deer Skins, per lb..................... 35
Deer Skins Salted, per lb...... .............. 26@30
FURS -Otter, each, (Summer no value) Win-
ter.................. ................................. 1 50@4 00
Raccoon, each.................................... 5@15
W ild Cat, each................................... 10@20
Fox, each.......................... .............. 5@15
BEESWAX-per lb............................................... 20
WOOL-Free from burs, per lbf........................... 17@22
Burry, per tlb......................................... 11@15
GOAT SKINS-Each per t................................. 10
Hominy and meal advancing rapidly ; will be worth
10 per cent more in next 30 days.


- Tl t VtORIDA bI-'SPAT-f



A Chapter on Wines.
The subject of cheap wines and wine adul-
teration has lately been receiving much atten-
tion in England. While papers claimed that
much of the French wines sold in England were
adulterated, others claimed that it was not so
and that the French claret, which is the wine
most commonly drank in England, which
was imported into that country was pure. At
the same time, however, it was admitted that a
great deal of adulterating was done in France
and though the French people themselves drank
a very large amount of doctored wine, still
there was considerable exported and it was only
fair to presume that England got some of it.
It was claimed, however, that pure Bordeaux
claret could be obtained quite cheaply if the
consumer goes directly to a reputable wine
Some of the American papers have taken
this subject up, and from one of them we take
the following statement: The same process
of going to a reputable dealer is to be followed
in this country and with the evident failure of
our vine-growers to produce a good wine, for
which, indeed, our soil is not adapted, the re-
sort to the light wines of France would be an
immeasurable blessing to those who now supply
their place with different kinds of beer and all
sorts of execrable stuff. The wine question is
no further off from us than from England, and
the facility with which the average English
now supply themselves with an inexpensive
claret points the way to a similar supply for
the United States, and where claret ought to be
had at only a slight advance upon English
prices. It would seem as if the way in which
the English are solving the problem of a light,
agreeable, and wholesome beverage, was the
way in which the same question might be
solved among ourselves."
The statement that cheap and good wines
would be a blessing to the country will hardly
be denied by anybody, but that we will obtain
it from France or other European vineyards is
to be doubted. It is a notorious fact that all
ordinary wine drank in France is adulterated
where the people must have cheap wine or none
at all, and though pure claret can be obtained
in England, still the price is such that it is only
a certain class that can drink it. If America
is ever to become a wine-drinking country such
as France, she will have to depend on the pro-
duction of her own vineyards, and, the article
quoted above to the contrary, they will be found
equal to all demands made upon them. A promi-
nent importer and wine-seller in this city holds
strongly to the opinion that California can pro-
duce all the ordinary wine which can be con-
sumed in this country. Ordinary wines alone

are meant ,because the celebrated vintages of
France are unequalled and will certainly re-
main so for many years.
The demand for California wines has been
steadily increasing, and their quality steadily
improving, owing to better methods of treat-
ment, increased skill in cultivation, and the fact
that they are allowed to mature more. Already
these wines have seriously cut into the trade in
ordinary foreign wines, and it can hardly be
but a question of a few years, when the foreign
varieties are forced out of the market. The
California wines will be of better quality, while
they will remain, as they are at present, much
cheaper. Another point 4- favor of the Cali-
fornia wines are that the consumer can be cer-
tain that he is drinking the pure juice of the
grape, as the growers have no object in adul-
terating, while on the contrary, when drinking
ordinary French wines, he can by no means be
certain of it, as adulteration in these wines has

increased seriously since the competition of the
California wines has been felt, and the growers
abroad will continue to do so in order to retain
this market.
The California wines, when first put upon the
market, met with the prejudice which exists in
this country against everything American until
it has demonstrated its excellence. Many of
the producers of California wine found it diffi-
cult to market their product in consequence of
this prejudice and in consequence much of it
was sold under foreign labels and taken very
readily. As the wine merchant remarked:
"People who are not connoisseurs' drink as
other people tell them. They do not drink be-
cause the quality is good, but they drink labels.
Now I have a French champagne here which
is as good as Mumm's and which costs no
more, but yet it does not sell near as well as
Mumm's, because there is a run on that at
Most of the California is now, however, sold
under its own label and on its own merits. The
principal wines from that State are Angelica,
Muscatel, Claret, Port and Sherry. The Cali-
fornia champagnes are very nearly equal in-
quality to the French, and if given time enough
will undoubtedly become so, as the quality has
improved from year to year. One dealer stated
that he had a California champagne of which
he was selling seventy-five cases a month at
It sells at but $9 a case, while the quality was
but very little inferior to French champagne,
which sells at $27 a case. The California
clarets are beginning to cut into the trade of
the Bordeaux wines, and while their quality is
very nearly the same the American clarets are
sold at about two-thirds the price of the foreign.
In port wine, the California approaches very
near to the Spanish, and if given time and
allowed to mature better, will equal it.
But, however, California has not yet pro-
duced any wine to compete with sherry, as they
all lack the peculiar flavor, and the trade in
sherry has not been disturbed by the competi-
tion of American wines. It has so far been
found impossible to produce any wine in Cali-
fornia which will compare with the finer wines
of France. Wine production is of very recent
introduction into California, and whether the
finer class of wines can be produced there, time
only can determine. As for other American
wines, there is on the market at present a very
good claret from North Carolina, made from
the Scuppernong grape, and it is thought that
some good wines may be produced in that State.
The Ohio wines are regarded as poor, and it is
also claimed that considerable doctoring is done
upon them.-Boston Commercial Bulletin.

* Ornamental Gardening for the South.

At the late meeting of the "Georgia State
Horticultural Society," Gen. WM. M. BROWNE,
of the State University, delivered an address,
from which we make the following extracts:
"The first thing to be attained in laying out
a garden is simplicity. The transitions in its
main outlines, arrangements and decorations
should be easy-the lines graceful, the decora-
tions elegant. The hand of art should touch it
so lightly as to leave little or no trace of its
presence. All the parts, lawns, walks, shrubs,-
trees and flowers, should appear to belong to
each other, and to occupy naturally the places
in which they occur. But the design, while
essentially simple, must avoid boldness or sever-
"By the artful disposition of plants, whether
singly or in groups, freshness of aspect and va-
riety of vista from different points of view are

secured, which give life and enduring charm to
the landscape.
"The next thing to be attained is variety, yet
congruity of the various parts of the garden.
Good taste demands that perfect harmony should
exist between all the parts in their relation to
each other and to the buildings which they sur-
round. The part immediately next to the
house should be more formal than the rest, and
the transition from this to the more distant
portion and from these again to the fields and
country beyond should be gradual and glide
one into the other, as if art had nothing to do
with it. Curved walks along the front of the
dwelling, large figures, vases, and other so-called
ornaments of an architectural character, having
no affinity whatever with the size or nature of the
building, curved lines bisecting straight lines,
ill-assorted plants in ill-selected situations, are
incongruities which mar the appearance of many
gardens upon which much time, money and la-
bor have been expended, and which the skillful
landscape gardener must assiduously avoid.
Contrast is often very effective, but it is to be
employed only in matters of detail, such as the
colors of flowers and foliage, the height, shape
and habits of plants. It must never be allowed
to break the harmony which is essential to suc-
cess in ornamental gardening.
"Symmetry, that is a true adjustment of the
parts, is also desirable. I don't mean by this
that the same kind of object should occur in
exactly corresponding positions on the opposite
side of the garden ; but I mean that the general
effect on the mind of the observer should pro-
duce no inequality of height or breadth in one
side as compared with another.
"It is further desired to make the ornamental
grounds to appear as extensive as possible.
Simplicity of plans and the preservation of that
harmony to which I have just referred tend
directly to produce an appearance of extent
within really narrow limits. A good open lawn
is essential to the production of this effect. One
broad stretch of grass should extend from
the house to the outer limits, unbroken by walks
or other interruptions. The plants and clumps
may be scattered on either side of this opening,
and if the space will allow, smaller stretches of
grass at various intervals on different sides of
the house, will be very effective in producing
the appearance of extent. If the plants which
flank the open lawn are chiefly undergreens,
with branches down to the ground so that no
soil is to be seen, the space then is much en-
larged in appearance.
"Again, to give apparent breadth to the land-
scape, all walks should be as far as possible hid
from view from the house. This can be done
by plants of various heights, whether single or
in clumps. Tall, straight, conspicuous, bound-
ary fences should be carefully hidden or dis-
guised in an ornamental garden. This can be
done by planting so as to allow them only to
appear occasionally. A closely clipped hedge
is much preferable to a plank or picket fence,
but both are hard and unsightly.

"Another important principle in ornamental
gardening is variety. San eness in a landscape
fatigues the eye as monoton v in music wearies
the ear. In nature no shrulb or tree or flower
develops its self in growth of stem, arrangement
of foliage, occurrence of bloon 1, precisely as an-
other does. Nature indicates endless variety
and that art is the brightest wh ich consults and
follows these indications most skillfully. In gar-
dens, variety is partly obtained by winding
walks, the curves of which should be varied as
much as possible in their length an d expansion,
and above all not exposed to each their at any
point. Groups of plants, principally c vergreens,
at or near the hollow of the curi will best
effect their object.
"Variety is further attained by plan:'g sin-
gle plants and groups f various size and m' pes,
carefully avoiding forjality in their disposj~ n




and at the same time too violent dissimilarity
in their outline. The groups or single plants
should be sufficient to prevent bareness and
shut out the walks at intervals, but they
should not be so numerous as to overload the
lawn or confine the view. We should avoid
the old and tasteless plan of placing dwarf
plants at the front of a border, those of taller
growth behind them, and the tallest in the cen-
ter or back of the bed. This arrangement is
essentially artificial. Nothing like it is to be
found in nature. We should strive to secure
roundness of outline without regularity, placing
the tallest plants near the front in prominent
places, scattering them through the groups, sur-
rounding them with those of the next size and
filling up the intervals with the dwarf and me-
dium-sized plants. The main point to be kept
in view is the location of single plants or clumps
that they shall form, furnish, and give ex-
tent to the various vistas. None should be so
placed as to interrupt a vista or contract the
"The principal point of view in every place is
the house. The best views of the grounds and
surrounding landscape should be had from the
windows. It is a good plan in laying out a
garden to form a series of lines radiating from
two to three windows of the house at irregular
intervals and extending to the outer boundary
planting the trees or shrubs, whether singly or
in groups, within the triangular spaces thus
made, always taking care that those nearest the
house do not obscure the views and that they
be not planted in lines.
"Variety is also attained by a proper mix-
ture of different sorts of plants-I mean as to
their habit and character, height and color.
Diversity of height and color is quite as effec-
tive as variety of shape. Some trees and shrubs
have leaves of a pale green, some of a silvery
grey, some are variegated and some are dark
green. These should be placed where they pro-
duce the most striking effects and display their
different colors by contrast. And the same
plan should be followed as to flowers, so that
each species will lend added beauty to the other,
and, altogether, constitute a gay and diversified
"Another source of variety is water when it
is present. The transparency, the coolness, the
glassy ripple of water in any form produce end-
iess variety, and add largely to the beauty of
the landscape.
"Undulation of ground is another element of
variety, but it must exist naturally. Artificial
undulation in a garden when all the surround-
ing country is tame and flat, is incorrect and
inappropriate, because out of harmony with the
surroundings. The mounds and banks fre-
quently seen in gardens are utterly destitute of
beauty. In fact, they are eye sores, having no
possible relation to the general surface, and re-
sembling a compost or manure heap.
"A flower-garden or flower-beds, upon a lawn
or in a front yard, should be in close view of

the windows of the sitting-room. The beds
should be symmetrical, of simple shape, never
too large, separated from each other by broad
strips of grass, which set off the colors of the
flowers to the greatest advantage, giving conti-
nuity, unity and breadth to the whole. Where
the beds are surrounded by grass, masses of
flowers of one color are very striking and effec-
tive. In a small garden laid down with grass,
the fewer walks the better. Regular figures
for the beds-such as ovals, circles, parallelo-
grams or squares, seem to be preferred as capa-
ble for being more easily and pleasingly filled
"It should always be borne in mind that the
first object of a flower-garden is to display flow-
ers. The figure of the flower-bed, however in-
genious, is a subordinate consideration. The
beds should not be scattered broadcast over the
lawn, without any collection or relation between

them. Hearts, crowns, stars, animals, letters or
similar devices, are entirely out of place, and
though eminently artificial, have a very low
place in the domain of art.
"In regard to the disposal of flowers, if by
that term we mean all the herbaceous kinds, I
would advise that the common way of planting
them in the borders surrounding the shrubs on
the lawn be abandoned as tending to diminish
the apparent size of the lawns, as presenting a
very desolate appearance in winter, and adding
materially to the expense and trouble of keep-
ing the grounds in order. I would advise the
dismissal of all common herbaceous plants from
the front of the groups on the lawn, and in their
stead to make small beds of oval or circular
shape, and fill them with masses of flowers of
one sort, or with a mixture of different kind,
according to the size and situation of the beds.
In some places single specimens of some choice
and showy kind, or two or three plants together
to look like one, produce as fine an effect. Beds
containing massed scarlet geraniums, of the
brightest and most showy colors, bordered with
blue silicia or sweet alyseum, here and there a
group of abutilons, and further off from the
house beds of cannas, coladiums, lantonas,
sgloias and ochyranthus, produce a gay and
showy. effect upon a lawn, at least within the
reach of most of us, and considering the enjoy-
ment and beauty afforded, the most remunera-
tive outlay that can be made upon the farm.
Our old State, rich in all that constitutes physi-
cal greatness, distinguished for the industry and
intellectual advancement of her sons, demands
that we assuage our mania for cotton and de-
vote a portion of our energies and means to the
improvement and adornment of our homes. A
productive farm ought to be ornamented by a
comely house and garden. The house wherein
we live, where our wives and children reside,
ought to be precious in our estimation. We
ought to beautify and adorn it, thus multiply-
ing our own enjoyment and diffusing over our
land those evidences of civilization and culture,
which mark the face of other countries less
favored by nature than our own."
FRUIT IN HERNANDO.-,An Anclote corres-
pondent of the Fort Dade Messenger, (Aug. 4,)
writes: "The shipment of limes and lemons is
in full blast; not a boat leaving here but car-
ries more or less of these fruits to market. The
guava crop is unusually large this season ; this
is a delightful fruit, and here upon the coast,
under the modifying influence of the Gulf is
rarely ever injured by cold. The orange crop
is extra good; scarcely a bearing grove in this
vicinity, but has from two to three crops upon
the trees, including the present crop of blooms."

Sandy Soils.
Our old friend, "Pinus Sylvce," in the Pensa-
cola Commercial, copies an article from the Mo-
bile Register, with these prefatory remarks:
"We have tried to enforce the truth in this

article upon the people of the pine belt of the
South for the last fifteen years, and are pleased
to have this confirmation of our theory support-
ed as it is by practical results wrought out un-
der our own hand and eye. We are yet at the
threshold of future success."
From the Mobile Register.
Mr. H. STEWART writes to the Country Gen-
tleman that there is a very general prejudice
against sandy soils, and yet light soils are more
common than heavy clay. It is fortunate that
the latter is so, for of all the soils that come un-
der the plow, a sandy loam is the most easily,
the most cheaply, and the most conveniently
and comfortably worked. Farmers who are
used to clay soils, have a very inadequate idea
of the proper methods of managing light soils,
and frequently give advice which is impracti-
cable. Thus some recommend that clover should

Mr. Stewart admits that light soils require
peculiar management. Contrary to the gen-
eral opinion, he believes them to be the very
soils for dairy farms-being warm, dry, and yet
moist; never muddy; easily worked; produc-
tive of the very best fodder crops, such as rye,
oats and peas, clover, orchard grass, corn, man-
gels and millet; and of the very best market
crops, as potatoes, peas, beans, sweet corn, mel-
ons, carrots, turnips and tomatoes, and there is
no other farming that is so profitable as these
two combined.
All of which ought to be very good reading
for the people of the lower South, who complain
so much about their light, sandy soils. The
soils to which Mr. Stewart makes direct refer-
ence are those of eastern New Jersey-soils
almost identical in character with the worst we
have in the coast regions of the Cotton States.


be sown every two or three years upon sandy
soil, and an occasional crop ploughed in. Now,
how can this be done? Clover does not seed
well on thin, sandy soils.
We are continually hearing and reading of
the leachy character of light soils, especially
those having a sandy sub-soil. Now, there is no
more mistaken idea in existence than this, that
sandy soil, being leachy, is liable to suffer ter-
ribly from drouth. The writer's soil is quite
light, in places very light, but it rarely suffers
from dry weather, and never from wet. In a dry
time the cultivator will turn up moist soil, and
the corn and mangles will go on growing and
retain their color when crops on clay soils are
wilted and baked. He has seen clay land
cracked open with dry weather and the surface
too hard to be touched, while sandy soils re-
mained loose and absorbent, and were continu-
ally bringing up moisture from below. The soil
at Rothamsted is clay, and Mr. LAWES states
that nitric acid is lost with great rapidity from
his soil in the drainage water ; therefore, it might
be said that clay soil is leachy. It is well-
known that a sandy loam soil retains and holds
in absorption a much larger quantity of water,
and resists evaporation much better than a clay
soil. It must then be even less leachy than a
clay soil. In actual practice, and from long
experience, he is well satisfied that a light,
sandy, loam soil can never be so thoroughly
saturated with manure by any ordinary course
of farming as to become affected one foot from
the surface, unless it is by the ploughing in of
manure to that depth. So long as the manure
is kept within six inches of the surface the line
of dark soil will be less than a foot in depth.
But supposing that the manure should flow
downwards two feet, that would be all the bet-
ter, for the roots would be after it without fail,
and very quickly. But the manure does not
pass downward through the sand; as he has
proven by digging under his manure heaps and
barnyards exposed to all the rains of the sea-
sons for a year-he found signs of it but an
inch or so below the surface on the sandy soil.
To further test the matter, Mr. Stewart had
some bottomless glass test tubes, two inches in
diameter, filled with sandy sub-soil, clean and
yellow in color, a foot deep with an inch of
space on the top. Every week he fills this inch
with liquid manure of the color of coffee, gath-
ered from the manure gutter and diluted with
water. This is equivalent to 52 inches of rain-
fall in the year. The surface is exposed to the
air under cover. He has been keeping this in
operation for three years, and as yet not a drop
of water has passed through the bottom with
the least appearance of color or mixture or any
scent whatever, nor has he until recently found
any indication of the presence of organic mat-
ter in the filtered water by a test of nitric acid.
The soil is now discolored for about three inches
in depth, which is not more than a fourth of
the depth he wants fields enriched. To call
such soils as this leaky, or without a bottom, or
unable to hold manure, is a great mistake.

he lfflrida Ri.pcah.


D. Redmond, D. H. Elliott, W. H. Ashmead,

Subscription $1.00 per annum, in advance.

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LOCAL ADVERTISING (seven words to line) ten cents
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The FLORIDA DISPATCH has a very large circulation
in Florida and South Georgia, and is by far the best ad-
vertising medium for reaching the merchants and fruit
and vegetable growers of those sections. All business
correspondence should be addressed to
ASHMEAD BROS., Publishers, Jacksonville, Fla.


Special Club Rates with "The Dispatch."

Read and Subscribe--It Saves Money and
Will Pay You.
We have made arra:iige'mnts- with the publishers
and will club THE DISPATCHI with any of the
following publications, which will be mailed promptly
upon receipt of price, for ONE YEAR :
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New York Weekly World............................ 1.5
Philadelphia Weekly Times......................... 2.50
American Agriculturist.................. .......... 2.00
Country Gentleman...................................... 2.75
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Atlantic Monthly Magazine.......................... 4.00
Harper's Monthly Magazine......................... 4.00
The Century Monthly Magazine (Scribner's).... 4.00
Lippincott's Monthly Magazine................... 3.15
Popular Science Monthly............................. 5.00
North American Review....................... 5.00
Harper's Illustrated Weekly......................... 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Bazar ............................. 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Young People ............. 2.00
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly................ 4.00
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Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly.................. 3.15
Frank Leslie's Sunday Magazine................... 3.15
Scientific American.................................... 3.75
W averiy Magazine...................................... 5.00
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The above are among the very best publications"
Remittances should be sent by Check, Money Order,
or Registered Letter, addressed to


OUR "respected contemporary," Col. C. COD-
RINGTON, of the Florida Agriculturist, graced
THE DISPATCH sanctum with his genial pres-
ence last week. The Colonel gives a very rosy
and flattering account of matters and things in
the thriving "settle-ment" of DeLand, which, he
states, is rapidly filling up with an excellent
class of residents. He also made arrangements
with our publishers for "clubbing" the Agri-
culturist and DISPATCH at reduced rates-so
that the people of Florida may be supplied with
all the best agricultural reading at a merely
nominal price. ["See Special Club Rates," &c.]

North Carolina Fruit-Growers.
The First Annual Fair of the North Caro-
lina Fruit-Growers' Association was held in
Greensboro, N. C., on the 9th of Angust. The
attendance was large and was made up of the
representative fruit-growers from every part of
the State, and crowds of people from adjoining
States. Col. STAPLES made an address of wel-
come. Col. HICK, President of the Associa-
tion, replied, and introduced Governor JAR VIs,
who formally opened the Fair. He pledged his
administration not only to the support of every
established industry, but to the fostering of
every new enterprise. He welcomed an occa-
sion when citizens met as friends and neighbors,
and forgot differences of opinion in the united
efforts to advance the material welfare of the
Addresses were made by WHARTON J.
GREEN, J. VAN LINDLEY and other prominent
fruit-and-vine-growers. More than 2,000 per-
sons attended the Fair, which closed on the

Poultry in the South.
The reception of a new Southern work on
Poultry-written and published by a Southern
man, especially for the South!--is an event
of such startling importance, that we feel im-
pelled to devote to the subject a short chapter.
The work to which we refer-(and for which
we are indebted to the kindness of the author,)
-is entitled: "The New Industry of Thorough-
bred Poultry South. For Domestic Use, the
Markets, or Exhibition. By JoHN IM. CLAI-
BORNE, of Galveston, Texas." It is a very
beautifully printed, neatly bound, and profuse-
ly illustrated volume of 150 pages, from the
press of the Aniciun Poultry Journal, Chlii: go ,
Illinois, and in addition to cuts and descrilp-
tions of all the most noted and valuable do-
mestic fowls known to the American "fan-
cy," it contains a great deal of new, piquant
and practical matter, drawn from the experi-
ence of the author and other noted poultry
breeders, South and North, and a great many
hints, suggestions and axioms, which cannot fail
to benefit the novice in the fascinating and
profitable industry to which the volume is de-
Premising that the writer is a poultry "fan-
cier" and breeder of very long standing--that
he has given the business a very full and fair
trial in different parts of the South, and that he
is entirely in accord with Col. Clairborne's

opinions of the great importance and profit of the
enterprise, when properly conducted-we proceed
to give the Colonel's reasons for becoming a
poultry breeder.
He says, page 6 : "The first thoroughbred
fowl I ever saw, to know it, was at Philadel-
phia, in October, 1876, at the Centennial Exhi-
bition. I asked the superintendent what the
trio could be purchased for--they were White
Cochins-and his reply was $100, or $33.33'
each! I then for the first time thought [on the
poultry subject] and the thought led to investiga-
tion-that investigation led to statistics-these
statistics into purchase, experiments and more
thought. One of those thoughts was, that in
my State, and in the section of the Union
known as the South, we had only three pro-
ducts, and of them only two in the greater por-
tion of a section of the cotton and corn, wheat

Women;" "Poultry Compared as a Paying
Crop with all others;" "Duty of Southern
Breeders ;" "Poultry in the City," etc., are of
special value, and we commend the little volume
to all in "Dixie's Land," who feel the slightest
interest in this very important and we may add,
indispensable industry.
The book will be sent per mail for $1.25.
Address: Col. John M. Claiborne, Galveston,
Texas; or, ASHMEAD BRO's., Jacksonville,
LITERATURE.-Harper's Monthly, Lippin-
cott's, The Popular Science Monthly, North
Am'erican Review-all for September-and a
full line of the latest publications in fiction,
poetry, etc., received and for sale at ASHMEAD

9~~ 4`W PTHE. V O l b 'T S P T 1 i

and tobacco. Then the thought came, What
is necessary to add so that these staples could
be produced successfully?' By themselves we
were getting poorer every year; with what can
we, therefore, diversify, in order to be success-
ful ? The statistics showed (and from the most
competent authority) that the traffic in eggs
alone, in 1875, was $50,000,000 per annum and
that, instead of exporting, we absolutely im-
ported $38,000,000 of eggs annually, beskles
the fowls.
"The city of New York alone received 600,-
000 barrels of eggs, with a value of $10,500,000.
Philadelphia consumes daily 92,000 dozens
eggs; and the city of Boston consumes, per an-
num, 80,587,397 eggs. The consumption of
fowls, in value, is nearly as much as of eggs.
"The entire cotton crop is, say, in value,
$400,000,000, or about the same money value
as the egg crop. Now deduct the cost of pro-
duction, and the egg crop is double in value
alone, to tile cotton crop, or equal to both
the corn and cotton crop. I shall refer again
to valuable statistics before I am through; and
will leave the statistical pdrt for the present,
with this single arithmetical nut to crack:
"There are 50,000,000 people in the United
States. Just put the -question, How many eggs
will each individual consume per annum; and
then the same query as to fowls. Then get
some chalk and the largest blackboard you can
find, and make figures.
"I will, therefore, offer my thoughts and in-
formation on the subject-matter, for the benefit
of the people of my section, who, I am forced
to believe, give too much of their attention to
King Cotton and Indian Corn, and fat too lit-
tle to what we have heretofore deemed small
industries-applicable to every trade and pro-
fession under tie sun ;--as an adjunct to farm
and dairy they are indispensable."
Some statistical tablles given.in this volume--
of the correctness of which there seems to be no
doubt--are very s-riprising and instructive.
For instance:
Mr. BURNHAM, in his "Fowls and Eggs for
lMrket," says: "The census of 1880 declares
the fact that United States produced
3 o,000,O00 Dollars worth of Hay,
2S0,(00, 7,0() Dollmars worth of Wheat,
15.,000,000 Dollars worth of Cotton,
145,000,000 Dollars worth of Dairy Products, .
:I. ,0(, )Dollars worth of Cattle, Slheep, Swine,
500,000,000 I)ollars worth of Poultry.
France comes to the front with the following
figures: 40,000,000 hens, valued at $20,000,-
000, which produce annually--
80,000,000 Chicken, which sold for.......$ 20,000,000
Capons, which sold for.......... 2,200,000
Eggs, which sold for............. 48,000,000
Eggs, exported, which sold for 6,000,000
Making a total of............................$100,200,000
The chapters of Col. Claiborne's book on the
"Magnitude of the Poultry Interests ," "Poul- -
try as a Farm Crop ;" "Poultry-Raising by

I i -



Green Forage.
In reply to the question which a subscriber
propounds: "Which do you consider tlhe
very best summer forage for cutting and feeding
green, or "soiling ?" we unhesitatingly say, that
the plant known for many years as "Cat-Tail
Millet," "Horse Millet," "Candle Millet,"
"Egyptian Millet," and lately, "Pearl Millet,"
is the very best and most productive green for-
age plant we have ever tried. But to get the
full benefit of it, certain conditions must be
observed: The ground upon which this crop is
raised, should be deeply and thoroughly plowed,
harrowed and pulverized; and there is abso-
lutely no-imit tothe amount of manure which
the crop will "assimilate," and for which it will
return you heavy dividends. If-you have or
can procure a superabundance of manure, first
scatter it liberally broadcast over your millet
field ; plow or harrow it lightly in, and then,
when you lay off your drills, four feet apart,
put all the manure you can possibly spare into
these drills, covering it two or three inches, and
dropping the millet seed about three or four
inches apart in the drill, just brushing the earth
over it very lightly. It has the habit of "tiller-
ing" or "stooling" out widely near the ground,
and if your seed are good you will have a suf-
ficiently close "stand" by dropping the seed as
we direct.
The plant is small and delicate when it first
comes up, and it must then be very care-
fully worked and kept free from grass
and weeds. After it attains the height of
fifteen or eighteen inches, it becomes more ro-
bust, and will only need the culture given to
common corn. When it is two and a half or
three feet high, it may be cut with a sickle and
fed green to any kind of farm stock, (cows,
horses, mules,' etc.,) all of which relish it highly,
and devour it with avidity. It should be planted
at corn-planting time (or a little after) and, if
generously manured (as above indicated,) will
give from four to six cuttings during the season,
producing a greater amount of nutritious, safe
and reliable green forage, than any plant we
have ever cultivated.
N. B,-Do not cut your millet too close to
the ground, or it will be slow about sprouting
again in dry weather. If it is three feet high,
leave twelve or fifteen inches of stalk, and so in
proportion. We have never known it to "scour"
or injure horses or mules at any stage of its
growth; but we do not generally cut until it is

three to four feet high. The seea are of a shining
leaden color when ripe. The birds are exceed-
ingly fond of them, and you will have to exercise
great watchfulness to get your share. Cut the
stalk eighteen inches long below the seed-head,
tie in bunches and hang up to cure. Beware of
rats and mice! When dry, shell off the seed,
and store it in a dry, safe place, sprinkling
through it a few grains of camphor or some
"China Berry" leaves, to deter the weevil.
THOSE desiring small or large orange groves,
and valuable lands, would do well to write to
A. L. EICHELBERGER, Ocala, Florida, Mr.
Eichelberger has one of the largest orange
groves in Marion County, and as a planter
and orange-grower, has been very successful.
See his advertisement.

Plymouth Rock Fowls. LAN
It affords us pleasure to publish the very fine
engraving of a group of Prize Plymouth Rocks, 0DS.
which will be found on another page. We can In lots to su
CFlorida. Si
add little to the description accompanying the
illustration, only to say that, after a wide ex-
june 26-tf
perience with the leading varieties of poultry,
we prefer these to any other breed, for all
practical purposes, and that we are now raising
them to the almost total exclusion of all others. QT
Col. JNo. M. CLAIBORNE, Of Galveston, STEM
Texas, (whose new work on Poultry we notice
elsewhere,) in speaking of Plymouth Rocks,
says: DREW &
They are an American fowl, and ought
probably, or properly, to be called America's
pride! The .Plymouth Rock
goes to show the energy, pluck and ability of werespc,
the indomitable Yanke.e! lie general
raise them, sell them, and eat them; they are prepared to
profitable; and, (lid I only have one breed, and
I wanted that foi all purposes, and to give me DWELLII
as little care as possible, it would be this iden-
tical hybrid-tie Plymouth Rock !"
The "standard" Plymouth Rock, (as shown
in the engraving,) has a medium-sized single
comb ; but we have very large and fine rose
or double-colmbed specimens of the breed etc., at any
; steamboat I
originated and raised by SErI ROWLEY, Sen., during our
Serial induce
of Mound City, Kansas, which we shall describe Draughts
on applicat
more filly hereafter. Mr. R)owley s rose- We have
ing 1Mill, all
combed fowls are the result of long and careful ture andke
logr Lumnbe
crossing of tlhe improved American Dominique Laths, etc.
(rose-combed) upon the finest Plymouth Rocks ;
and the result is a fowl of many remarkable .uly 17,'
points and good qualities. Tie breeders k of' IT J
" standard" Plymouth Rocks, like those of Mr.
HAWKINS, imay not readily admit the rose- Are ,l1Lnol
combed fowls into the charmed circle ;" but Irsend
as the Plymouths must s "ill be considered iln :
transition state, Mr. Rowley's improvement
should not be too lightly set aside or discarded. My I-tu
WEV would call special attention to the cor-
respondence from Gen. SniORrELL, Agent Ocean Ti n A
Steamship Co., adaress.ed to JAS. L. TAYLOR,
General Freight Agent, Savannah, Florida and
Western Railway, plublisled in thisissue. This
promises the speedy establishment of a tri-
weekly line from New York to Savannah, and
from Savannah to New York. At present it to Aug21
will very materially expedite tile movement of
freights South-bound by Florida Di:patch Line, P 1 A I
and in thie near future, thie mo-vement of' Fruit .A..
North. The service at present by the Florida :i.> TKast
Dispatch Line to all princi)pl pIints in Florida, 8OLD ON
u branch o
is under a uniform classification and through SAME PR]
SA and small
rates that work very satisfatctorily to all. Also, logues, price

a specialty.
by this systematizing of the business, it has the State, a]
tentative at
been given a dispatch in its movement never of instrume
before attained. While this is very gratifying,.
the above is still more so, as it evinces a desire HOMlT
on the part of this transportation line to antici- lU11M
pate and provide for shippers' needs.
Orange Growers and Shippers. SPLEN
It would be advisable, thus early in the sea-
son, to negotiate and complete arrangements 40 Hours
for shipping your oranges.
JAS. S. TAYLOR, Chicago, Ill., has one of
the largest fruit stores in that "Queen City." SoU .tl
See his advertisement.
J. A. BARNES & Co., are also thoroughly
reliable commission merchants in the "City of
Brotherly Love. See their advertisement. June 9-tf


My tuner will make regular tours through
tid my customers will thus have may repre-
t their doors, a great advantage to purchasers
nts. to sept 26, '82



From New York City: 108 Mliles
from Savannah.

Georgia ,~jarl.s for
Sale -by
Glenmore, Ware Co., Ga.



- -- --- --------
I ,~


A-.T -E G-"O'V-'ES,
lit, in the town of satsuma, Putnam County,
end for circular to
Satsuma, Nashua P. 0.,



LA V I _LiaE, FI r1OTtI )>A,

i BUCKI, Proprietors.

:ctfully aiinnounce to our friends and tlie pul)-
y, that, having secured the services of con-
ightsmen, Architects antd MI\ecliahlics, we are
" estimate on and contract for tle builtling of

point accessible by the several railroad and
lines. Possessing the advantage of manufac-
own lumber, we are enabled to offer very lib-
mients as to teriiis and quality of material.
, plans, estimates and information furnished
also mad(e extensive additions to our Plan-
d( will continue, as heretofore, to manlufac-
ep in stock a full line of Framing and Finish-
.r, Mouldings, brackets, Balusters, Pickets,
2-tf. llavile, Florida.

.'triirr 1i right in our establishment in he
t maeI111r and at tle shortest notice.
in your orders.

o50, 0() (I

r PPar TPDQ nd nttinna

Discie Nlur'rsery
H. H. SANFORD Proprietor,

-3Bay .TJieklsonville.
f Ludden & l tes, Savan nali-EXA(T'LY
[CES AND TERMS, Slheet Music, Strings
instruments of all kinds. Send for ctar-



Our Boys.
On several occasions the Lumber World has
editorially urged the advisability of making it
a part of every boy's education to learn to do
something-to become master of some trade.
Few thoughtful and intelligent men would care
to deny the manifest advantages of such a
course, at least in the great majority of instan-
ces, and theoretically the idea is universally
acknowledged to be a good one. But when we
come to consider the means by which such a
practical education may be acquired in this
country, we find that the difficulties in the way
of this acquisition are so great as practically to
prohibit the larger number of our boys from
even attempting to secure it. Although this
condition of affairs is not pleasant to contem-
plate, it nevertheless exists, and the questions
naturally arise: Who or what is to blame for
it? and how shall it be remedieqo
In considering the first of these queries, it
must be remembered that there are but two
ways in which a thorough working knowledge
of the mechanical arts may be acquired; name-
ly, by attending a regular course of instruction
in some good technical school, or second, by ac-
tually going to work as an apprentice in a man-
ufacturing establishment. Now, although the
first of these methods, provided that the insti-
tution selected be one in which practice is prop-
elly combined with precept, may be productive
of the most satisfactory results, it is neverthe-
less one which can be pursued by but few, com-
paratively speaking, of the great mass of boys
desirous of learning a trade. The long period
of nonproductiveness, as well as the expense in-
volved in a thorough education in a polytech-
nic institute, must, as a rule, debar all butthose
whose parents possess some means from enjoy-
ing such privileges. For those who must be
dependent wholly or in part upon their own
exertions for their education, if not for their
support as well, there remains, therefore, only
the second of the above-mentioned roads to me-
chanical knowledge. How is it with this one ?
In Great Britain and all the other manufac-
turing countries of Europe, any ambitious
youth may enter a shop as an apprentice. To
do this, he must agree to remain with his em-
ployer for a certain fixed time, formerly seven
years, now generally five. During this time he
receives small wages, at first, perhaps, none at
all, but, on the other hand, he receives careful
instruction in every branch of the trade he is

learning and moreover must learn to perform
every operation pertaining to it, at first under
the supervision of some one who is more skilled
than himself, afterwards independently. At
the end of his apprenticeship, if he be not the
veriest dullard, he must have acquired a com-
plete mastery of his trade, such as will enable
him to earn a good living almost anywhere in
the world. Although this system of appren-
ticeship undoubtedly has its disadvantages, it
is certainly effective in producing skilled me-
chanics, and affording boys an opportunity of
securing a first-class education with the mini-
mum of expense.
There was a time in the earlier days of this
country when the same opportunities were af-
forded to American boys as to European. But
that time is past. There is no longer any such
thing in the United States as a system of ap-
prenticeship. In a few localities apprentices

may still be taken, but in the larger manufac-
turing centers, where trades-unions virtually
control employer and employee alike, such a
thing-is almost unheard of. To be sure a smart
boy can generally obtain a situation in a man-
ufacturing establishment readily enough, but so
far as concerns the acquirement of any informa-
tion beyond the narrow boundary of his own
routine duties, he must rely upon his own acute-
ness of perception, aided, perhaps, by the good
nature of some of the older workmen. There is no
systematic endeavor to teach him the trade, there
is no putting him at one job after another,'un-
til he is able to perform everything that is nec-
essary. A boy may patiently shove boards
through a planer for months and years, without
ever learning to set that planer. Indeed, the
man whose duty it is to do it, will, quite as
likely as not, resent any attempt on the boy's
part to do it, as an interference with his work.
Of course, by hard work, combined with acute
observation and natural mechanical ability, a
boy may eventually learn the trade, but he is
hindered rather than helped.
It must be confessed that the o'erleaping am-
bition of Young America is in part responsible
for this condition of things. The typical Ameri-
can youth, as a rule, has altogether too high an
opinion of his own ability and the value of his
services to be willing to work for a long. time
at nominal wages. He thinks that a man's work
deserves a man's pay, irrespective of the ques-
tion of age. Besides this, he is reluctant to
bind himself to remain for so considerable a
period in one place, believing most heartily in
the doctrine that "variety's the spice of life."
But more important than this is the large influx
of foreign mechanics and the formation of
trades-unions largely composed of aliens. It has
been said, and there is some truth in the state-
ment, that "trades-unions of America are open
to all the white inhabitants of the earth except
those born and raised in the United States. The
fact that a man has not learned his trade in
Canada, or Ireland, or Germany, or Great
Britain excludes him from fellowship and even
the privilege of working with the members of
any trades-union in this country, but if he be a
graduate from Berlin, or Glasgow, or from
some shop in France, or Austria, or Belgium,
he is admitted without question." Thousands
of American boys are willing and anxious to
become apprentices to the various occupations
requiring skilled mechanical labor, but the door
is closed in their faces. The shops are filled
with foreign mechanics to the exclusion of
American learners.
We have omitted to mention one method by
which the American youth can acquire a mas-
tery of a trade readily and cheaply, by which
he may become a skilled workman able to earn
a comfortable living. If he commit some of
the minor crimes, he will be arrested and sent
to the penitentiary, where he will be placed in
the hands of competent instructors and be en-
abled to obtain an excellent mechanical edu-

cation. Of a truth, something is wrong when
the only road to credit and distinction in me-
chanics for the average American boy. lies
through a workhouse. And yet the trades-
unions protest even against this, demanding
that no mechanical trade shall be taught in our
prisons, but that their inmates shall be em-
ployed solely on work requiring no special skill,
suoh, for example, as stone-breaking.
The strength of a nation lies not in its sol-
diers or sailors, not even in its wealthy classes,
but in the great body of its producers, its farm-
ers and mechanics. Our government has al-
ready established great national schools in
which its youth are educated as soldiers or
sailors without expense to themselves. Since,
now, numbers of our youth are forced to lives
of idleness, if not crime, through their inability
to procure a mechanical education, why should
not the government establish great national

workshops, where twenty, or fifty, or a hundred
thousand of its boys might receive instruction
in any or all branches of mechanical industry ?
Such institutions would, in a short time, become
nearly, if not quite self-supporting, and in any
case the expense of thus educating our youth,
would be far less than that of sustaining them
in idleness in jails or penitentiaries.-Lumber
Florida's Prosperity.
The Louisiana Sugar-Bowl, of Iberia, La.,
says: "We have recently received a private
letter from a relative in Florida, and as he has.
had much experience in the East, Northwest
and about fifteen years' residence in Florida,
his comparison of the latter State with others,
and the information contained in the following
extracts will be read with interest :-*
Florida is now on the full rush of a prosper-
ous career. Every branch of business is so
heavily taxed by the demands of a rapidly in-
creasing population, as to compel extra hours
in almost every department. Saw-mills cannot
fill orders for building material with prompt-
ness, so large is the demand. New mills are
springing into existence along the new lines of
railroad, and stores and shops are followed
rapidly in their train. It reminds me of the
rush to Wisconsin in 1850.
Field crops are good, though the truck farms
suffered from drouth early in the season. In
our section we have not felt the want of rain
this year, and everything we planted did well.
When the right men set to work, Florida will
prove to be one of the best agricultural regions
on the continent. I can make a crop of corn
or potatoes or of vegetables with less labor than
I did on my place in Illinois. Strawberries re-
quire more care here than they did there: the
profit will average about the same, I think-
some day I shall try and see how it will be.
The orange crop will be very light this year.
Some groves may bear an approach to a full
crop, but not many. The trees made a very
large growth of wood in most instances, and
some bloomed very late-in fact there are here
and there trees in bloom now. The season is
favorable in most sections of the State for a
vigorous and healthy growth of the trees, and
should next winter prove favorable I predict
such a crop in '83 as will make us all rich. As
it is now the truckers are not badly off and the
orange growers are becoming a high caste
financially, while the few who have turned their
attention to general farming are showing grati-
fying signs of thrift and prosperity. This is
gradually but surely laying a solid foundation
for our future wealth, and when I read in the
Sugar-Bowl of the many disadvantages under
which your very enterprising and intelligent
planters pursue their callings, I cannot help
wishing that they might be induced to try us.
While our soil may not be as rich, it is quick
and bountifully rewards generous cultivation.
Besides, the first cost of preparing land here
must be greatly less than with you, excepting
we make farms in the hammocks; then the cost

is very heavy, in some instances more than all
other expenses together."
Bycycle-Tricycle 1
The "Tricycle," or three-wheeled Velocipede,
is finding its way into this country, and we ex-
tract the following account of it from the Home
News, of Bryn-Mawr, Pa.; which speaks of it as
"the popular carriage of the future:"
It will be remembered that the first use made
by the French savant, M. FAURE, of his new
discoveries concerning the storage of electricity
was o propel a tricycle, and the speed he then
attained in the streets of Paris was ten miles
per hour. It. appears now that the French,
who were the first to introduce the modern bi-
cycle, some fourteen years ago, will be the first

_., .. -----
- -- --- -1 --- ---~- -
~-~---' --~~st~i;r~~~~: ~~ ~_ ~;. ;.1~-.. .... -~.'; -.-.~~-~


human progress.
There are some persons, for example, who are
naturally patient to a very injurious degree.
Sympathetic in temperament, hating labor,
agitation and struggle, they are quietly con-
tented with things as they are; they do not
worry over the evils of the world, or the mis-
doingsof humanity; even for themselves, they
betray no weary anxiety; they can wait with
perfect equanimity for any length of time, for
waiting is passive and pleasant to them, while
the activity of earnest effort would be disagree-
able. It need hardly be pointed out that such
patience as this is simply the absence of life,
leading to nothing, producing nothing, improv-
ing nothing. He who is never dissatisfied with
himself or others, and never discontented with
things around him, cannot be expected to make
any strenuous efforts at improvement. He may
live out a life of ease and serenity, but it will

also to introduce its direct descendant, the
electric tricycle.
If the cost of producing this machine can be
brought low enough to meet the popular ap-
preciation, it requires no philosophy to foresee
the day when its use will become general; the
family party will take its journey along Lan-
caster Avenue to Philadelphia, and elsewhere,
wherever good roads attract and inclination
leads them. When that day arrives we shall
see our better public highways thronged as
they were in old times by individual means of
locomotion-the private conveyance-instead
of going everywhere, as we now do, by rail;
the smoothly rolling tricycle carrying our trav-
elers and pleasure-seekers safely, easily, and at
little cost, wherever they list; and bring back
perhaps in their train unobjectionally, the now
almost forgotten Wayside Inn," where our
ancestors, as SHENSTONE put it, found "life's
warmest welcome."
These are no idle speculations; many are
now looking to the tricycle by means of electri-
cal propulsion as the traveling and pleasure
carriage of the near future. In the larger Eu-
ropean cities it is coming to be extensively used
by ladies as well as by gentlemen, and only
needs the safe and easily manageable power to
come from electricity, to make it absolutely
universal. Unlike its foster cousin, the bicycle,
our doctors of divinity and physic, and other
professional gentlemen, will not feel at all as if
laying down any of their decorum or dignity
to use this means of locomotion.
Think of the satisfaction a gentleman and his
wife, or any two friends, may take in a little
holiday trip, or for business, or an hour's pleas-
ure by whatever route may be preferred, roll-
ing over the country practically without ex-
pense. Starting when you please, halting when
it suits you, no care for your horse, no cost for
his keep.
In England, the tricycle is now used to con
siderable extent in this way, and two friends
take their social ride, propelling the machine
by muscular power over their superb roads,
but give them M. Faure's idea utilized in this
way and the tricycle will become universal, old
and young, gentlemen and ladies, singly, or in
friendly pairs, traveling in comfort and safety
hitherto wholly unknown. Look out foi the
coming tricycle!
Patience and Impatience.
Like all the other virtues and vices, patience
and impatience need to be treated with discrimi-
nation. The former is not wholly and always
right, nor the latter wholly and always wrong.
Patience has, indeed, so much to recommend it,
that it is not strange that good people think
there cannot be too much of it, and the miser-
ies and bad effects of impatience are so glaring
that we cannot wonder it is totally condemned.
Yet they sometimes change places as regards
right and wrong, patience ceasing to be a virtue
and impatience becoming the vital germ of

in the feeling itself as in the way we deal with
it. If it is made to result in some good and
wholesome action, it is justifiable, but if we
suffer it to lead us into fretful complaints, irri-
table speeches and violent demonstrations, then
it is to be condemned and restrained. Let the
reason sit in judgment on this feeling, and it
will not overstep its bounds. So with its coun-
terpart, patience-if it be simply a slothful
love of ease that causes us to shun exertion, or
an excessive restraint preventing rightful ef-
forts at improvement, it is unworthy and should
be driven away; but if it be that tranquility
which is in harmony with nature and all her
plans; which can afford to wait the appointed
time for all things, and yet is never wearied in
well-doing; which can endure with fortitude
the inevitable, and yet lose no opportunity for
helping what can be helped, and improving
what can be improved; which speaks of power
held in reserve, but only waiting the right mo-


your time-honored and sterling old journal.-
"A Young Virginian," in Southern Planter.


40 Hours from New York City: 108 Miles
from Savannah.

So te 19

June 19-tf

(Georgia La~nds for

flenihore, Ware Co., Ga.

be the ease of torpor, and the serenity of indo-
There are others, differently constituted, who,
believing that patience is always a duty, culti-
vate it with unremitting diligence, but without
perceiving its proper limits. They school them-
selves so rigidly that they will suffer wrong that
ought to be repelled, and accept injustice that
ought to be attacked. If they feel a burning
indignation at tyranny or oppression, they
struggle to quell it, and thus they actually
crush in the bud much good that might have
been developed. If they have authority, they
seldom exercise it; if people are slow and idle,
they seldom hurry them; if they are rude and
impertinent, they seldom reprove them ; if they
are dishonest or deceitful, they seldom venture
to censure them. Thus, while by their self-
control they avoid the manifest evils of impa-
tience, they also, by going to the other extreme,
prevent the rightful impression of much wrong-
doing. In fact, the feeling of impatience with
evil underlies all progress, all upward climbing,
all reformation ; and could it be wholly crushed
out of the human heart, which fortunately is
impossible, one of the chief vital forces of life
would be obliterated.
On the other hand, however, there is an im-
patience that cannot be too strongly repre-
hended. It is that which, instead of producing
earnest effort, expends itself in useless and irri-
tating complaint. There are persons who are
impatient with everything which thwarts their
wishes, and vent their unreasonable temper on
whoever is so unfortunate as to be near them.
As a large proportion of the events of daily life
do happen to be contrary to their desires, it is
evident that they must inflict untold annoyance
upon many persons, and real suffering upon
some. They do not pause to consider whether
their outbursts are of any use; whether any one
is to blame; whether there is any excuse for
thus causing pain-in short, they do not con-
sider at all, but selfishly scatter their thorns
broadcast. Even when they attempt to do
good their impatience is fatal to success. As
parents or teachers, their failure is a foregone.
conclusion. They might as well try to culti-
vate a garden by tearing up the seeds and pull-
ing open the buds as to train the delicate mind
and tender heart of a child without patience to
wait for its gradual development. So the im-
patient reformer, however sincere he be, ren-
dersish efforts futile by his unreasonable vehe-
mence or intolerence. He does not comprehend
the situation, nor appreciate the other side, nor
sympathize with those whom he believes to be
in error. He has yet to learn that gentleness,
forbearance, pity and love are stronger forces
than stormy passion or harsh condemnation,
and that they are born of an infinite patience,
without which even the most generous efforts
will amount to nothing.
The real difference, after all, between the
right and the wrong impatience, is not so much

mqnt to spring into action, then we may well
hope that such a patience may have her per-
fect work."-Philadelphia Ledger.
Broomsedge Hay.
I was much interested by "SHELBY'S" account
of his experiments with broomsedge hay in your
issue of the 15th of June; and as my 6wn expe-
rience tends to confirm the view he takes, I give
it, only asking that any farmer who possesses a
field well set with broomsedge and is incredu-
lous of its virtues as a hay grass, will give it a
candid and fair trial. In the summer of 1877,
casting around for some addition to my supply
of provender, I was attracted by some patches
of rough meadow grass growing upon the low
spots of a field which since the first of the war
had been unenclosed until that year. I started
the mower and secured several loads of coarse
and inferior hay. In cocking and handling
this hay after cut, I noticed that the hay near
the edges of these spots which was much mixed
with sedge was much the best and most attrac-
tive in appearance. Acting upon the sugges-
tion I cleared the bushes from a few acres of
the best spots of sedge and mowed the grass.
The field had not been burnt over the preced-
ing year, consequently there was a good deal of
old grass and stems mixed with the hay, which,
of course, injured its value. But on the whole.
I was much pleased with the experiment. The
following year I mowed the same piece of ground
and got a large bulk of fair hay. Although
this last lot was cut after the grass was in bloom,
my stock ate it heartily and throve upon it.
An immense addition is here offered by nature
to our long-food supply, and it is only necessary
to exert ourselves a little to reap the benefit
thereof. Poor indeed is the farmer who does
not possess a few acres of broomsedge, and poor
the land upon which the sedge does not grow
luxuriantly enough to amply repay the labor
of harvesting. The bulk of the prairie grasses
manufactured into hay on the plains of the
Southwest are of the same character, but much
larger and coarser than our broomsedge. Vast
quantities are cut upon the prairies and find
ready sale in the towns at $8 to $10 per ton. I
think by cutting the grass before it begins to
stalk, the quality of the hay will be much im-
proved, besides being able to obtain several
cuttings the same season. Many of us find it
extremely difficult to secure good sets of the
culti9tted grasses, even with the utmost care,
and here we have a grass that is perennial and
self-distributing, and that makes fair growth
upon lands where the other grasses would starve,
capable of being profitably converted into hay.
I ask, then, is it not the part of common sense
and of wisdom that we should avail ourselves
of this provision of nature ? Hoping that not
a few of my brother farmers will test the mer-
its of broomsedge hay this season, and being
assured that naught but good will be the
result, I close this already too long communi-
cation with the best wishes for the success of


--- -- -i--~---- --;_ __~----~ ------9~-R-c~*~e~ap~-i~lrpl~~

------ --II- ---1~-- - -1- -^--I--- ----- I- -I-- -I '----



A Chance for Small as well as
Large Capitalists.
I AM OFFERING FOR SALE some of the finest young
Orange Groves in Florida, at prices far below their true
value. My reasonfor these extraordinary offers is that
I wish to concentrate my attention and means upon my
other property.
First.-1 offer nine groves of 20 acres each, known as
part of my Hyde Park place, one mile south of Ocala.
These groves are fully set with treN,, one-half being
sweet seedlings five years old, and the remainder five
year-old trees with sweet buds. Trees all growing luxu-
riantly. Price, from $150 to $200 per acre, according to
location and size of trees.
Sccond.-I offer thirty-two (32) lots-part of same tract
and same location-each containing live acres, upon
which no trees are planted. Price, $500 per lot, and I to
furnish (without extra charge) to the purchaser of each
lot 250 sour trees containing dormant sweet buds.
These lands are desirable for the following considera-
LOCATION.-They are situated one mile south of the
growing town of Oca la, the county site of Marion
QUALITY.-They are of the best quality of marl hanm-
mock-high, rolling and well watered, and admirably
adapted to the growth of the orange.
HEALTH.-No portion of the State can show a better
record for health.
Railway and the Tropical Railroad pass through these
lands, and each will have depots or flag stations on the
same-thus giving every facility for travel and ship-
ment of freight.
SiURaoUNDINS.-Thi e lands adjacent are being rapidly
settled by first-class people, including, aImong others,
Generals (CHIAMBERLAIN andl TIILSON, of Maine, andi
Dr. (G. T. MAXWELL, late of Atlanta, but now of Ocala,
who have invested in adjacent lands, and are milking
valuable improvements. The society is as gd(. as can
be found anywhere, and the religious and educational
advantages are unsurpassed. Besides the public schools
in the vicinity, the (Ocala h igiih School, a !irsl-cl; in-
stitution, is sutiiciently near to be attended by thle chil-
dren of set tiers upon these lands.
Sm~nter Col.anty C-roves-.
I also offer the following lands in Sumter County,
Florida :
First.-Forty-acre l(ot (known as IHacienda (;Io- o,
with eighteen acres in grove of oranges and Icinii ,i,
hai ving upon th sae sa ate good dwelling house. Of the
trees in this grove, fifty are now bearing, and all will be
bearing in two years. Upon this tract is a nursery of
12,000 budded trees from four to five years (old-oni-half
oranges, and the rest in my celebrated lemons, that
took the premium at the Atlanta Exposition and the
Orange County Fair.
Second.-Watula Grove, containing twenty acres, of
which twelve acres are in orange trees, about two hun-
dred ot which are bearing, and the remainder will be
bearing in two years. There is also upon this tract a
nursery of tell thousand live year-old sour trees budded
with orange and lemon buds.
Third.-Forty acres of unimproved hammock land.
LOCATION.--The above tracts are all beautifully situa-
ted on Panasoffkee Run, one mile from Panasoffkee
Lake, in which is known as the "Tropical Centre,"
where the tenderest tropical lants are never injured by
cold weather. They adjoin the celebrated groves of R1t.
Rev. Bishop John F. Young and A. C. Brown; are upon
a navigable stream, and nine miles front a (depot of the
Tropical Railroadl. The lands in the immediate vicinity
are being rapidly setl led by the best of citizens.
PRicEss.-Tract No. 1,I i), ,'; Tr .act No. 2, 0li,1)ie, ; Tr'act
'No. 3, 5,0,i-\\withl ludd,.i tr.cs sultiCient to plant the
whole lorty acres.
(QUALITY OF LAND.--The above-ientioned tracts.are
of the 1,est (qal ity of rich m1arl hamminock, high, rolling
and well watered, and, in my opinion, bett- adapted
.than any other lands inl the State to tile group h of Or-
anges, Lemons, Limes and other tropical fruits.
For further information, address
aug. 21 to sept. 18.] Ocala, Marion (o., Florida.


SEVERAL dozen of above reptiles wanted for Scien-
titic Purposes. Will give $18 per dozen.
Address, WVM"P II. a kIII M3EAID,
aug. 21-tf. Jacksonville, Florida.

PlyHmouth blocks

A. C. HAWKINS, Lancaster, Mass., Ef DE
PLYMOUTIH ROCK FOWLS. The largest yard of this
fine breed in the world! Send for Circulars, etc. Ad-
dress as above. aug. 21-1t.

Attention "E'o'ultry 1V.en..

DR. R. IBACII MANN'S Vermin Hale; the only relia-
ble antidote to Vermin on Poultry of every description
now extant, viz: Lice on Fowls and Fleas on Dogs; all
other domestic animals are benefitted by its use. This
being an internal remedy to be given mixed with the
food, because all external remedies have been a failure.
It is put up in packages of FIFTY CENTS ad ONE DOL-
LAR. Sold at Groceries and Seed Stores. The best of
reference given on application to the proprietor.
Jacksonville, Florida.
Depot with PAINE BROs., 36 Bay Street.
aug. 21 to feb. 21. '83.


O ANCE ND LE N T EE Budded from tried and approved varieties, and
ORANGE AND LEMON TREES on good healthy stocks.
Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, LECONTE PEARS, GRAPES, and a general line of Fruit Trees suitable to
Florida. Address,

.AA.. WAr E ItT, e~orgetown ,. F'lorid.a-
Aug. 14 to Nov. 6.

Ocean Steamship Company.


The Magnificent New Iron Steamships sail from Savannah on following dates:
CITY OF COLUM BUS, Wednesday, A irr nst 2d, 8:30 a. m.
CITY L F AUGUSTA, Saturday, AugusLt i.th, 11:00 a. m.
GATE CITY, Wednesday, August 9*, 3:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Saturday, August 12th, 5:100 p. m.
CITY OF COLUMBUS, Wednesday, August 16th, 8:00 a. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Saturday, August 19th, 10:00 a. m.
GATE CITY. Wednesday, August 23d, 1:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Saturday, August 26th, 4:30 p. m.
CITY OF COLUMBUS, Wednesday, August 30th, 7:30 a. m.
Through Bills of Lading and Tickets over Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western
Railway, and close connections with the new and elegant steamers to Florida.
Freight received every day from 7 a. m. to 6 p. m., at Pier 35, N. R.
I. YONGE, G. M. SORREL, Agent, Savannah, Ga.
Ageit ol'Line, and C. It. R. ofGa., Office New Pier 35 N. River, N. Y.
W. H. RHIETT, General Agent, 317 Broadway, New York.
H. R. CHRISTIAN, Gen'l Soliciting Agent. C. D. OWENS,
12-2m Gen'l Ag'tSav.h, Florida & Western Ry. Co, 315 Broadway. N. Y.

1To 7 Clarlrk Street, CEICA.cG-OS,

Cou olnission Mech liiant for the Sale of

SREIEHENCE.-Hibernian Banking Association, Chincago.
( orrespondence solicited. No. 1 packing only solicited. [aug. 21 to sept. 14, '82.

A partner with a capital of THEE TiHOUSAND I)OLLARS
cash, to start an Orange Nursery. The trees to be grafted
the whole year by artificial means (a process not known
in Florida), The trees will have a head of three to five
feet in two years; will proplagate one hundred thousand
yearly, with the alboe ;inollt.
P. S.-No one need apply without the capital. Would
prefer a partner who has already trees of the finest
varieties. Apply to
a- rl Tl 21 to se. ," BJox. 103,F
aug. 21 to sept. 20. Jacksonville P. O., Fla.

JIASRDJMTIB D (Garden, Field, a]
for the Farm and Garden. Illusti
logue sent free. JOHNSON '& STC
Seed and AFricultural Wi
No. 1114 Marxket Street, Phih
(to Jan 9, '83)

roeo rM0N aTOdE YOLRK RETURN $43 50.
An Orange Grove or Orange Lands, in a healthy, beauti- T E
ful country,
Entirely 'ree froIIn Frost,
where you have tle finest

GAME Via all Rail to Portsmiouth, Virginia, and
of all descriptions, and the best chance to raise early thence by the elegant steamships of the
v,.rctablc~s in a lnew country. Address Ime with stamp,
at Anclote, Ilillsborough County, Florida. old Dominion Line to New York.
I can sell you live acres, or five thousand acres, as you
lyr to aug 20, '83 M. R. MA IKS.

II UT OUR ENGINE IS Persons le;ivillng Jacksonville by the fast mail on Sun-
CUTTIUNi S KINlkI da, lly, ''.n Tnuesdaly and Ftriday, at9 a.m., arrive at
C ~OTTON ~isKINGK COTTON! Portsmouth the following afternoon, making close con-
Invaluable patented improvements found in no other section with sieamships, and arrive in New York the
EJVGIJVES in the world. For Pamphlets and Price next evening thereafter.
List, (also for SAW MILLS) address
THE AULTMAN & TALO O.. Mansfield. Ohio. The appointments of this line, and elegant steamship
SOct 6, accommodations, the absence of delays, whether going
(to Oct 6, 'S2) or returning, together with the low rate of fare, make it
a most desirable summer excursion route.
0. L KEENE For tickets and other information, apply to office of
S'" the S., F. & W. Railway, 84 West Bay Street (Astor
building), or the Ticket Office at the Waycross Short
MILLINERY, FANCY, DRESS GOODS, Line passenger station.


Sauces, Worsteds,

i7 IWest Bay street, Ca rner L. 1 ur
17 West Bay Street, Corner Laura,


to feb 20, '83

Gen. Pass. Agent.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
Aug. 7 to Oct. 2.

"Fiafl. asR a Permannt Homo,"
Address ,
july 24 to oct 23. Jacksonville, Fla.

~~~5= ~ ]E i~ f'Pitt Ptt> R1 f P SP A f

I I __ _ __~ I







I3N" E" FEo"CT .A.'T -XST 1st, 1882.

Subject to Uniform Classification of Southern Railway & Steamship Association

To Stations on Florida Transit, Peninsula and Tropicai Railroads, Tampa, Manatee and To Landings on St. John's River, Palatka, Tocoi, St. Augustine, Stations on and via St. John's
Gulf Coast Points, via Cedar Key. & Lake Eustis Railway, Sanford, Enterprise and points on and via South Florida Railroad, Etc.


(By Direct Steamship Only) (By Direct Steaship Only)

Hart's Road........................Florida. 1
utton's............ ............
T olu ..................................... "
Brandy Branch ..................... "
Maxville...... ................
Highland......... .............
L aw tey ..................................
Temple'sr....... ...............
Starke....................... ...... .... '
Th urstond..... ... .......
W aldo....................................
Gainesville......... ...........
Fairbank's ....................... "
Arredondo ....... ..........
Archer ...... ..................
Batton's...... ................
Bronson...... ................
Otter Creek ...............
Rosewood .................. ..........
Cedar Keys...................... ..... "
T am pa ...................................
M anatee................................. .
Santa Fe ...............................
D ix ie...................................... ,
Hawthorn ............................. .
Lochloosa .............................. "
Island Grove........................ "
Orange Lake......................... "
S p arr's ..... ............................
Anthony Place... .................
Silver Springs....................... i
O ca la ...................................... ,
Lake Weir..........................
Wildwood .... .................
Leesburg .........................

Mandarin ................................... Florida.
H ibern ia ..................................... "
Magnolia ................................ "
Green Cove Springs....................
P icolata ....................................... "
Federal Point............................. "
Orange Mills................................
Tocoi ...... .................. ................. "
Palatka................................... J
St. Augustine .............................
San Mateo............................
Buffalo Bluff...............................
Welaka .....................................
Norwalk ...................................... "
Fort Gates........................... .......
Georgetown................................. "
S eville..........................................
V olusia ......................... ............ "
Astor .........................................
B lu ffton ....................... ..............
DeLand Landing........................
Lake Beresford...........................
Blue Spring.................................
Stations on the St. Johns &
Lake Eustis Railway..............
Fort Mason, Yalaha...................
Leesburg, etc............................... "
S now 's..........................................
Maitland.... .....................
Orlando ... ....... .................
Kissimmee City..................... "

jThrog hl "Bills LadLing guaranteeing~ :ates to Destination.
-FPrompt adjiustmenzt of all jlust Claims.

Iarkr arh d- coinsigr mreiaglt "nia S., ". o "t". dail-Uay."

A&For further information, call on or address

Agent Ocean Steamship Company,
Pier 35 North River, New York.

C. D. OW1E1NS,
General Agent S., F. & W. R'y,
315 Broadway, New York.

General Freight Agent,
Savannah, Ga.








The steamships of this company are appointed to
and from SAVANNAH for BALTIMORE, as follows:
Monday, July 3d, at 9 a. m.
Saturday, July 8th, at 1 p. m.
Thursday, July 13th, at 5 p. m.
Tuesday, July 18th, at 9::;0 p. m.
Monday, July 24th, at 1 p. m.
Saturday. July 29th, at 5 p. in.
Thursday, August 3d, at 10 a. nm.
Tuesday, August 8th, at 1 p. m.
Monday, August 14th, at 8,a. m.
Saturday, August 19th, at 10 a. m.
Thursday, August 24th, at 2 p. m.
Tuesday, August 29th, at 8 a. m.
The steamers are first-class in every respect, and every
attention will be given to passengers.
CAI31N FARE from Savannah to Baltimore, $15,
Including Meals and Stateroom.
For the accommodation of the Georgia and Florida
this company has arranged a special schedule, thereby
perishable freight is transported to the principal
points in the WEST and SOUTHWEST by rail from
BPalt in ore.
By this route shippers are assured that their goods
will receive careful handling and quick dispatch.
Rates of freight by this route will be found in another
JAS. B. WEST & CO., Agents.
Savannah, January Sth, 1878. 30-tf

BA T-,:'.:E S.
Oldest Established Bank in East Florida.
Organized in 1870 by Mr. D. G. Ambler, and
Generally Known as

I Deposits received, Discounts made and Exchange
Bought and Sold on MOST FAVORABLE TERMS.
Collections made and Proceeds promptly remitted.
Correspondents-Importers & Traders National Bank,
New York; Merchants National Bank, Savannah, Ga.
Resident correspondents of Brown Bros. & Co., Drexel,
Morgan & Co., Jas. G. King's Sons, Kountze Bros-, New
York, and other prominent Bankers issuing Letters of
Credit. apr 10-tf

20 FORTY-ACRE TRACTS only 12 miles from Jack-
sonville; extra good land, well located, between river
and J., St. and H. R. RR. Price, $10 per acre. Will
sell on monthly payments of $12.50. These lands, ll in-
crease in value, being located in an already prosc, ous
town, making a paying investment at small outlay.
Maps can be seen at No. 41 East Bay Street.
to nov 21, '82. GEO. R. REYNOLDS.
Jacksonville, Fla.

M. L. IIARNETT, formerly BEN GEORGE, late of the
of the Marshall House. Screven House.
HARNETT & GEORGE, Proprietors.
This favorite family IHotel, under its new manage-
menit, is recommended for the excellence of its cuisine.
homelike comforts, prompt attention and moderate
rates. to sept 4,'82



Has closed till NOVEMBER. Present address,
may 12,'83. MI.ACONT, (A.

(Sent by mail, postage free, on receipt of price)
n1l Book Form, Containing 1,..
Views Each.
Souvenir of Florida, (small size).......................25c.
Scenes and Characters of the Sunny South, (small
size)......... .............. ...... ...................25c.
Souvenir of Jacksonville,( large size)................50c.
Souvenir of St. Augustine,(large size) ..............50c.

Stereoscopic Views, per Doz. $1.50.






0N AND AFTER SUNDAY, JUNE 4th, 1882, Passen-
U ger Trains will run over the Waycross Short Line
as follows;
as 'lows; Fast Mail. Jack'lle Ex.
Daily. Daily.
Leave Jacksonville at .................. 9:00 a. m. 5:35 p. m.
Arrive Callahan at...... ..........9:00 p. ......
Leave Callahan at......................... :5 a. w. 6:45 p. m.
Arrive Waycross at..................11:45 a. m. 9:15 p. m.
Arrive Jesul) at......................... 1:32 p. m. 11:25 p. nm.
Arrive at Brlnswick at............ 6:10 p. in. 8:20 a. m.
Arrive Savannah at.................. 3:35 p. m. 2:30 a. m.
ArriveCharleston at....... ............ 9:30 p. m. 8:45 a. in.
Arrive at Augusta at..................... 5:20 a. m. 2:30 p. m.
Arrive Macon a..................................... 7:00 a. m.
Arrive Atlanta at...... ................. 3:40 a. i. 12:50 p. m.
Arrive Louisville at................. .................... 8:00a. m .
Arrive Cincinnati at.................................. 7:00 a. m.
Arrive Washington at................... 9:40 p. ill. 7:40 a. m.
|Arrive Baltimore at.....................11:45 p. m. 9:15 a. m.
Arrive New York (limited express) ........ 3:50 p. ni,
Arrive New York P. R. I............. 6:50 a. m. 5:20 p. m.
Arrive St. Louis at...................................... 7:00 p m.
Arrive Chicago at........................................ 7:00 p. in,
Fast mail arrives at Jacksonville daily at...... 6:10 p. nm.
Jacksonville express arrives at Jacksonville
daily at............ ... .... ......... ......... 8:10 a. m .
To Savannah................................................... 6:40 hours.
To N ew York............................... ................ 45:45 hours.
To W ashington............................................. 36:30 hours
To Chicago............................. ...... 49:00 hours'
To St. Louis................................................ 49:00 hours'
g-DIaily Jacksonville to Charleston.
tr.l)aily Jacksonville to Cincinnati.
Sleeping car from Jacksonville to Savannah (5:35 p.
im. trains) Tuesdays and Fridays.
A Restaurant and Lunch Counter has been estab-
lished at Waycross, where passengers will be bounti-
i fully furnished at moderate rates.
The morning train from JacKsonville to Savannah,
connects daily with through Pullman sleeper for New
tOinly one change of cars to New York.
Passengers going to Montgomery and New Orleans
take the evening train.
Passengers from line of Transit Railroad take the
train at Callahan.
Passengers from line of Jacksonville, Pensacola and
Mobile Railroad either take train at Live Oak, leaving
2 p. m. and arriving at Savannah at 2:30 a. m., or train
at Jacksonvileleaving at 9 a. m. and arriving at Sa-
valmnah at 3:35 p. 111.
Connecting at Savannah with steamers for New York,
Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore.
Connecting at Charleston with steamers for New
York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail and Steam-
ship connections, and Baggage checked through. Also
Sleeping Car berths and sections secured at Company's
Office in Astor's Building, 84 Bay street, at Depot Ticket
Office. JAS. L. TAYLOR,
Gen'l Freight and Pass. Ag't.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent. [*]


Window, Picture and Carriage Glass.

Sand and Elnery Papers, &c.

3000, FIRE TESTr.

Johnso8n's Peparpared alsomine. WIads-
worth, 3fartinez and Longmnnan's
1Pre2pared Paints.
No. 40 West Bay St., Sign of Big Barrel,
to mar 25,'83 JACKS)QNVILLE, FLA.

SEND @41.5.0 TO'

35 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.,

And get a bottle of Richmond's Samaritan Nervine.
Cures Nervous Disorders, Dizziness, Vertigo, Seminal
Weakness. The only sure cure for Epileptic Fits.
to aug 20, '82
-- -- -- -----........... ---- --------------

:5" E S EE "E .
Fine Nunan Strawberry Plants. The best known
variety for shipment.
100 Plants.................................$ .75
-500 P lants.......................................... ................ 2.00
1000 Plants.......... ...... ............................. 3.00
Terms cash delivered at Express Office or Railroad,
Charleston. Address,

Aug. 7 to Oct. 7.

112 Broad Street,


Architects anl Civil Ennflonm

Plans, Specifications and Estimates for Buildings of
all kinds. Water Supply, Drainage, Sewerage, Bridges'
Roofs, Etc. P. O. Box 784. Room No. 12 Palmetto Block,
Bay Street. Aug. 7 to Feb. 7, 83

gtriaw obrry Plants For alo!
200,000 Choice pure Beatty's stock........$4.00 per Thousand
100,000 Pure Nunan's........................... 6.00 per Thousand
50,000 Pure Crescent Seedlings............ 6.00 per Thousand
Terms : Cash with order.
Address. W. E. SCUIFL,
aug I to nov 3,'82. Jacksonville, Florida.

A Good Investinent!

In the County of Hernando, East of Brooksville, the
county seat, and near the
rFropica. 7Floricda$ M. M.,
which is now actively building, two tracts of land. The
first contains two hundred and forty (240) acresin a body;
the second contains eighty (80) acres. These tracts both
touch Upon at i3Lalke of about 150 acres area; are
well timbered with pine suitable for lumber; the second
about half a mile southeast of the first; between them
lies a cultivated farm. These lands are well adapted to
Oranges and otil er I?'ruits, being of good
soil, with little underbrush, and are easily cleared. They
were selected by Hoin. Walter Gwynn, Ex-
Treasurer of the State of Florida, and they may be relied
upon as being what is represented. These lands are in a
part of the State that is rapidly settling up
and offer a good field either for an investment in Flor-
ida real estate, or for orange groves and the like.
Price and terms will be so arranged as to be satisfac-
tory to the purchaser. Apply to
In corresponding, please mention this paper.
to August 29, '82.

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in

Hardw Gro, Stoves, Doors, Sasi, Blin s
Sugar Mills, Rubber and Leather Belting,
Steam Gas-Fitting, Plumbing d- Tinsmithing,

Agricultural Implements of all Kinds,
A%- Send for Price List and Catalogue, 8a
to june 11 '83


- --I-- 1- 'I I ---

I ,- -- -I -

I fa LN L0 A. AC 2* I l W !A% 0Mr %





So'utlhern Fruit ar2d. V egetaboles a Specialtym.
306 and 3a-S 1North 'Delawavre Avenue, Iliiladelphia.
to jan 6, '83






60c. PER




rFirst I-Fanlds on. FirLest cQ~uailit~y

Best Butter in Tubs at o3 to 31 Cents per Pound,

M:D rE 02 I IT
No. 7 Weest Bay Street, acksonville, 'loridta.
To sept 27, '82

Ocean Steamship Company of Savannah.

Savannah and Philadelphia.
be received for passage by the Company's Ships to New York. Tickets sold by all Agents to New York via Phil-
Philadelphia steamers for August are appointed to sail as follows:
CITY OF SAVANNAH, August 5th, at 11:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, Aiugust 12th, at 5:00 p. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, August 19th, at 10:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, August 26th, at 4:30 p. m.
Days and hours subject to change, without notice. Both ships have elegant passenger accommodations.
44-tf Agent, 13 S. Third St., Philadelphia. Agents at Savannah.





Crockery, China, Glass and Earthenware.
We have the largest and most complete stock in the State. All the Latest Novelties in Majolica and Fancy
Goods, Vases, Motto Cups and Saucers, etc. Decorated Tea, Dinner and Chamber Sets in a large Variety. Lamps
and Chandeliers, Fancy Vase Lamps in Majolica, Faience, Kito, Porcelain and other Wares. Wood and Willow,
Stone and Tinware. The American, Crown and Peerless Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers, Filters, etc.

Monitor Oil Stoves and Little Joker Oil


THE BEST IN THE WORLD. Send for Price Lists.
The best and only absolutely safe Oil Stove in the World. It is Economical, Ornamental, Convenient, Dura-
ble, Compact and Cheap. Its fuel is Coal Oil. No Dust! No Ashes! No Smoke! No Trouble! Testimonials
from those using the Stoves given on application.
Fruit Jars and Jelly Tumblers, Wine Bottles, Flasks, etc. Special inducements to the trade.
Merchants, Hotels, Boarding Houses and Bars will find it greatly to their advantage to give us a trial. Send
for list of assorted packages.
to July 5, '83. (Mention this paper)


President and Business Manager. Secretary and Superintendent. Treasurer
I. 7 -TT I iLE l. :17 M SE = M MIE S,
Lake George, Florida.
A FULL LINE OF FRUIT TREES adapted to this climate, including Japan Persimmons, Japan Plums
Peaches, Figs, Grapes, LeConte Pears, and over one hundred varieties of the Citrus.
ORAJ:NG-E 2ANiTD :L:EM(O)N TRi-E~ ES a specialty.
Catalogue free. to apr 17, 83






FREDERICK DE BARY, Capt. Leo. Vogel.
H. B. PLANT, Capt. J. W. Fitzgerald.
ANITA, Capt. C. H. Brock.
One of the above-named steamers will leave De Bary
Wharf, foot of Laura Street, daily except Sunday, at i
p. m., for PALATKA, SANFORD, EN I'i:tllPH Sl, and
all intermediate landings.
ROSA, Capt. J. L. Amnazeen.
GEO. M. BIRD, Capt. (. .J. Mercier.
Steamer ROSA leaves De Pary Wharf every ,unday
at 1 p. m., and every Wednesday at 5 p. m. for above-
named landings.
Steamer GEO. M. BIRD leaves De Bary Wharf every
Tuesday and Friday at 5 p. in. for same landings.
Connects at Palatka with Florida Southern Railroad
for Gainesville and Ocala.
Connects at Astor with St. John's and Lake Eustis
Railroad for Ft. Mason, Yalaha, Leesburg and all points
on the Upper Ocklawaha.
Connects at Volusia with coaches for Ormond and
Connects at Sanford with South Florida Railroad for
Longwood, Maitland, Apopka City, Altemonte, Orlando,
Kissimmee, and with steamers for Lake Jessup, Salt
Lake and Rock Ledge and Indian River.
Connects at Enterprise with coaches for Daytona and
New Smyrna.
Returning, Mail Steamers leave Enterprise every
morning at 7 a. m., and Sanford on arrival of train.
Steamer Geo. M. Bird will leave Enterprise every
Thursday and Sunday at 5 a. m.
Steamer Rosa leaves Enterprise exery Friday at 5 p. m.
Af.-Through bills of lading given to all points.
The steamers of this line are all first-class in every
For further information, apply at General Ticket
Office, corner Bay and Laura Streets, Leve & Alden,
corner Bay and Ocean Streets, or on board.
W. B. WATSON, Manager.
C. B. FENWICK, Gen. Pass. Agent. Aug. 7-tf.


Several thousand Nunan Variety. Also, Crescent
Seedling, price $4.00 per 1,000, packed and shipped in
good condition. Money must accompany each order.
Address, MRiS. A. BEA- ITY,
Aug. 7 to Nov. 6. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

.O . S. .... ..E
Hickory Bluff, 46 acres, 18 acres Hammock, cleared and
enclosed with Picket fence. 200 thrifty young Orange
trees growing on the place. Bold bluff river front of over
a quarter of a mile, and steamer channel close in shore,
and over five miles of water protection to the northwest, giv-
ing perfect security r/gjainst frost. Nine miles below Jack-
sonville, and one mile from New Berlin. Can come to
city every morning on mail steamer and return in the
afternoon. A choice place for orange growing and truck
farming. Price, $2,500.
Also, two desirable city lots 53x209 feet, and one 70x156
feet covered with thrifty orange trees 6 years old, half
mile from business center. Good neighborhood (all
white). Price of first, $600each. Price ofsecond, a corner,
very handsome, $800. Apply to
No. 1 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE.
State that you saw this in THE DISPATCH.
July'3, tf

- '- - ~h -- ii -~~---

I -
-- -- -- I

Boston Iand Savnlh S teomshi Linb

Transhipment and extra handling saved. No danger
of fruit being frozen. Cars are unloaded at the steam-
ship wharf in Savannah, avoiding drayage.
Seminole, Thursday, July 27th, at 4 p. in.
-- ---, Thlursday, August 3d, at 10:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 10th, at 4:50 p. m.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 17th, at 9:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 21th, at 3:00 p. m.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 31st, at 9:00 a. m.
44-tf Savannah, Ga.

merchants' jLine,




A. N. DOBBINS & BRO., PTumE FITE -G7RO-CUTID BOTN $38-s5 per To:n,
(Gu-ltaranlteed PTurie.)

Gin, Locksmiths anR 8Qtpneil uttoris,
J1-1 l NONCVIITTIi, - vII_()I, lI)A,
Gnnsnitliing done in all its branches.
Special rates on Stencil Cutting, by nail. Aldd r, -
tojune 12'3, ( 0. 0 5ox S3,.)



COTTOT S''EEID Mn..A-., $38 per Tozi,
(100 iPound Bags.)

COTTOWlT SMEED -ICTL3 7li Aj.Si-T, $27 per Ton.,
(The Best Potash in Use.)

20 EBushlels0 Cor0lc Feas for Sale.
STOCKBRIDGE FERTILIZERS for Orange Trees and vegetables, for sale by
to jan 6, '83 Jacksonville, i'la.





Agent in Orange County for NEWSD A.EIs.--oe keep all tie latest Daily and Weekly Papers from Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, Chicago, St. Louis, Louisville, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Charleston, Savannah and Jacksonville, and
FLORIDA LAND AND IMPROVEMENT COMP'Y. take subscriptions to all publications at publication price. Orders by mail promptly attended to.


Orange Groves and Orange Lands on Commission,
june 12-tf

Soluble Ground Bone,

Combined with POTASH and MULCHING will PRE-
1'or sale by
Agents for the State of Florida.

A-"Analysis Guaranteed.
Send for Circulars and Price-List.
Jacksonville, March 25, 1882.

to sept 26, '82

8-r ^-43.50. a"

New York and Return.

Savannah, Florida &. Western Railway,
'Waycross Slort Line and Ocean StIeaboslip (Company.

Close coi.nniectinn with tlie innaignificelnlly appointed
steam slips
every W'ednesday and Saturday.
lPasnger- via this route will find every comfort and
convenience in this lecet of elegantly equipped steam-
ships, rivaling in construction and appointments the
finest ocean-going vessels of the day. The mixtures of
rail and water I ran.-porlIa in- both of the best charac-
ter-comnbine the attractions of a first-class Suimmer
Excursion Route.
For tickets, engagement of staterooms and other in-
formation, apply to the office of the Savannah, Florida
& Western Railway Company, 8t West rany Street (Astor
Building), or at the ticket office at the Waycross Short
Line Passenger Station.
General Pass. Agent.
GEO. 7V. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
Aug. 7 to Oct. 2.

FLORIDA: FOR TOURISTS, INVALIDS AND SETTLERS (Barbour, Profusely Illustrated)...............Price $1 50
FLORIDA: ITS SCENERY, CLIMATE AND HISTORY (Lanier)...................................................Price 1 50
GUIDE TO EAST FLORIDA (Edwards), paper... ......................................................................................Price 10
FA IRBAN KS' H ISTORY OF FLORIDA ............ ...............................................................................................Price 2 50
GU ID E TO JA CK SON V ILLE ................................................................................................................... Price 25
TOURISTS AND INVALIDS REFERENCE BOOK OF WINTER TRAVEL...........................................Price 75
SOUTH FLORIDA, THE ITALY OF AMERICA........................................................................................Price 25
DAVIS' ORANGE CULTURE (new edition)enlarged and improved...........................................................Price 50
MOORE'S ORANGE CULTURE (new edition, enlarged and improved)............................ ......................Price 1 00
ORANGE INSECTS-Illustrated (Ashm ead, .......................................... .....................................................Price 1 00
ORANGE CULTURE IN CALIFORNIA, by A. T. Garey, (cloth)......................................... ....Price 1 25
A MANUAL OF GARDENING IN FLORIDA (W hitner)............................................................ ................Price 50
OLT N' M A P OF FLORIDA ....... ......................................................... ........................................ Price 75
( ,LT' N's, MAP OF FLORIDA (Sectional-the best)............................... ......................................................Price 1 25
NEW AND ACCURATE MAP OF ST. JOHN'S RIVER.,............. ...................................Price 25
McCLELLAN'S NEW DIGEST OF LAWS OF FLORIDA, (8vo sheep, postage extra)..... ...........Price 6 00
INDEX TO THE DECISIONS OF THE SUPREME COURT OF FLORIDA...................... .....................Price 3 00
Its Climate, Soil, and Productions, (By Samuel C. Upham)....................... ...... .................... .......Paper .25
Any of the above books mailed on receipt of price.
OIk Tt AN 1 W VIAPS.................................................... .. .................... .....10x10, 14c.; 11x11, 17c.; 12x12, 20c.
W ARRANTY DEEDS, per dozen............. ......................................................... .................................. Price 50
QU IT-CLA IM DEEDS, per dozen............. ......................................................................................................Price 50
M O R T G A G ES, per dozen......................................................................................................................................P rice 50
NOTARIAL SEAL PRESSES, made to order...........................................................................................Price $5 00
We publish a full line of Law Blanks for Lawyers and Justices of the Peace. Price-list mailed on application.
Special prices to large buyers. Adddress





cTS7e7CO "IrrrncziATom.,

Hasbeen during the past season thoroughly tested by many of the first Orange Growers and Gardeners of the
State, and received their endorsement and approval. The material which forms the base of this Fertilizer, con-
tains potash, lime, phosphoric acid, ammonia and the other essential elements of Plant Food, making a com
plete Fertilizer. Many who have tried it with Stockbridge, Baker & Bro.'s, and other high-priced Fertilizers,
say it is equal to them in the same quantity, and has the advantage of being an Insecticide.
This Fertilizer is put up in barrels containing 250 pounds, or 8 barrels to the ton. Price $4 per barrel, $32 per
All orders with reiit ;lhnco( promptly filled and dellivered free on board cars or boats.
Gentlemen-I used one-half ton of your Fertilizer, in connection with the same amount of Baker & Bro.'s,
New York, and Bradley's, of Boston, last February, using the same quantity of each on alternate rows through-
out my grove. I find yours gave as good results as the others, which are much higher priced fertilizers-costing
O50.50 per ton for B. & Bro.'s and $51.50 for Bradley's, delivered here. I consider yours equal to either of the
others, and a great saving to the growers. Very respectfully, T. J. TUCKER.
WILcoX, ORANGE C'ONTY, FLA., September 12, 1881.
LEESBTURG, SITTER Co., FLA., March 6, 1882.
(.'ntli',m,n- Allow me to express my thanks for the promptitude with which you have directed your
agents at this point (Messrs Spier & Co.,) to deliver to me the premium of one ton of your valuable fertilizer,
so generously offered for the best display of vegetables grown under its fostering care, I having had the honor
to win the said premium.
It was with very small hope of so substantial a reward, that I placed my vegetables among the exhibits
of our first county fair last month; but I wanted our people to know that we have at our own doors, as it
were, a fertilizer and insect destroyer better and cheaper than any of the celebrated Northern brands,
Gould's Fertilizer "kills two birds with one stone," inasmuch as it feeds the plant, and destroys its enemies,
at one and the same time. I bave been testing it in the field, garden and orange grove for nearly two years, and
the result has been such that I feel independent of scale, leaf rollers, borers, and the other insect plagues, whose
name is legion, while my plants are well fed and vigorous, and exhibit the dark, glossy green of health and
For my part, I ask nothing better than Gould's Fertilizer, and at our next county fair. if I live to see it, I
mean to show yet more of its handiwork.
Yours truly, HELEN HARCOURT.

to aug 27, '82


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