Citation
Community-Engaged Needs Assessment of Deaf American Sign Language Users in Florida, 2018

Material Information

Title:
Community-Engaged Needs Assessment of Deaf American Sign Language Users in Florida, 2018
Series Title:
Public Health Reports
Creator:
James, Tyler G. ( Author, Primary )
McKee, Michael M. ( Author, Secondary )
Sullivan, Meagan K. ( Author, Secondary )
Ashton, Glenna ( Author, Secondary )
Hardy, Stephen J. ( Author, Secondary )
Santiago, Yary ( Author, Secondary )
Phillips, David G. ( Author, Secondary )
Cheong, JeeWon ( Author, Secondary )
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
2021
Language:
English

Learning Resource Information

Status:
Final

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
deaf -- needs assessment -- community-engaged -- American Sign Langauge -- Florida
Genre:
Journal Article ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
2018 - 2018
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida

Notes

Abstract:
Objectives: Deaf American Sign Language (ASL) users comprise a linguistic and cultural minority group that is understudied and underserved in health education and health care research. We examined differences in health risk behaviors, concerns, and access to health care among Deaf ASL-users and hearing English-speakers living in Florida. Methods: We applied community-engaged research methods to develop and administer the first linguistically accessible and contextually tailored community health needs assessment to Deaf ASL-users living in Florida. Deaf ASL-users (n = 92) were recruited during a 3-month period in summer 2018 and compared with a subset of data on hearing English-speakers from the 2018 Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 12 589). We explored prevalence and adjusted odds of health behavior, including substance use and health care use. Results: Mental health was the top health concern among Deaf participants; 15.5% of participants screened as likely having a depressive disorder. Deaf people were 1.8 times more likely than hearing people to engage in binge drinking during the past month. In addition, 37.2% of participants reported being denied an interpreter in a medical facility in the past 12 months. Conclusion: This study highlights the need to work with Deaf ASL-users to develop context-specific health education and health promotion activities tailored to their linguistic and cultural needs and ensure that they receive accessible health care and health education.
Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Tyler James.
General Note:
This manuscript represents the Author's Accepted Manuscript to the journal, Public Health Reports. This version is shared in accordance with SAGE Publications's Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines.
General Note:
Do not cite this document. Instead, cite the journal article: James, T. G., McKee, M. M., Sullivan, M. K., Ashton, G., Hardy, S. J., Santiago, Y., Phillips, D. G., & Cheong, J. (2021). Community-engaged needs assessment of Deaf American Sign Language users in Florida, 2018. Public Health Reports, 136(6).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Creator/Rights holder. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

Downloads

This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 1

! ! ! " ! #$%&'()*+,!"-./!011*,! . ! " ! 234!56 7 6 89: ! 5 ! 3,;<=(>!$,?@,AB! %,1,?A;C ! ! #,A=DC,A?)1B ! E ! =K?K,@!A,1,?A;C / ! >,,@1!?11,11+,>< / ! L)(A=@? ! M ! ! . ! "#$$%&'() * +&,-,./!0../1!211.11$.&(!#3!4.-3!2$.5'6-&!7',&!8-&,%-,.! 9 1.51!'&!:;#5'/-?@ ! 8 ! ! : ! A);.5!BC!D-$.1!?>@!P,C?Q=(A/!R>=Q,A1=,1Q=)),/!LT /!R3U ! "! " ! N,D?A<+,>,/!R>=Q,A1= /! S?=>,1Q=)),/!LT /! R3U ! "E ! # ! L)(A=@?!N=1?F=)=@!$,?)?K,+,>@! "M ! #()=;H/!R>=Q,A1=,1Q=)),/!LT/! R3U ! ". ! $ ! N,?J!V(++*>=,1Q=)),/!LT/!R3U ! "8 ! % ! N,D?A<+,>K*?K,/!?>@!$,?A=>K!3;=,>;,1/!R>=Q,A1=,1Q=)),/!LT /! R3U ! ": ! & ! U+,A=;?>!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!0><,ADA,<,A/!W?1C=>K<(>/!NV/!R3U ! "9 ! ! 56 ! "#55.1L#&/'&,!2%(G#5O ! 5" ! YH),A!SZ![?+,1/!23/! R>=Q,A1=!?>@!P,C?Q=(A/! #\!P(]! 55 ! "":5"6/!L)(A=@?!SH+!%((+!M/!S?=>,1Q=)),/!LT!-5.""/ ! R3UZ ! 5! O+?=)B! <^?+,19M_*J)Z,@* ! 5E ! ! 5M ! `565"!U11(;=?<=(>!(J!3;C(()1!?>@!#A(KA?+1!(J!#*F)=;!$,?)
PAGE 2

! ! ! 5 ! 2P1(5-6( ! 59 ! QPR.6('K.1 O ! N,?J!U+,A=;?>!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!aU3Tb!*1,A1!;(+DA=1,!?!)=>K*=1<=;!?>@!;*)<*A?)!+=>(A=@,A1<*@=,@!?>@!*>@,A1,AQ,@!=>!C,?)!?>@!C,?),@! -" ! @=JJ,A,>;,1!=>! C,?);,A>1 / ! ?>@!?;;,11!<(!C,?)K ! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1 ! ?>@! -5 ! C,?A=>K!O>K)=1C 7 1D,?X,A1 ! )=Q=>K!=>!L)(A=@? Z ! -! ! -E ! E.(G#/ 1 O ! W,!?DD)=,@!;(++*>=K?K,@!A,1,?A;C!+,@!?@+=>=1<,A!K*=1<=;?))H!?;;,11=F),!?>@!;(><,]<*?))H!=,,@1!?11,11+,>K!=>!L)(A=@?Z!N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!a >! c ! 95b!I,A,!A,;A*=<,@! @*A=>K ! ?!7 +(>! 1 *++,A!56": ! -8 ! ?>@! ;(+D?A, @ ! I= ! C,?A=>K!O>K)=1C 7 1D,?X,A1!JA(+ ! ;,!3H1<,+! a >! c ! " 5 ! M:9 b Z!W,!,]D)(A, @ ! DA,Q?),>;,!?>@!?@^*1<,@!(@@1!(J!C,?);)*@=>K!1*F1;,!*1,!?>@!C,?);,A>!?+(>K!N,?J!D?A<=;=D?><1 d! "MZMe ! (J!D?A<=;=D?><1! E5 ! 1;A,,>,@!?1!)=X,)H!C?Q=>K!?!@,DA,11=Q,!@=1(A@,AZ ! N,?J!D,(D),! I,A, ! "Z:!<=+,1! +(A,!)=X,)H! !C,?A=>K! E! D,(D), ! <(! ,>K?K , ! =>!F=>K,!@A=>X=>K!@*A=>K!!?@@=<=(>/!-8Z5e!(J!D?A<=;=D?><1!A,D(A<,@! EE ! F,=>K!@,>=,@!?>!=><,ADA,<,A!=>! ?! +,@=;?)!J?;=)=!,,@!<(!I(AX!I=<,]< 7 1D,;=J=;! E8 ! C,?) ! ?>@!C,?)!?;<=Q=<=,1!K*=1<=;!?>@!;*)<*A?)!>,,@1 ! ?>@!,>1*A,! E: ! @!C,?) Z! ! E9 ! ! M6 ! ! M" ! ! M5 ! ! M! ! ! ME !

PAGE 3

! ! ! ! N,?J!U+,A=;?>!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!aU3Tb!*1,A1! ?A,!+,+F,A1!(J ! ?!)=>K*=1<=;!?>@!;*)<*A?)!+=>(A=! MM ! =<,@!3K ! ?DDA(]=+?<,)H!5M6 ! 666!<(! f M66 ! 666!D,(D), Z ! ! U)1,K! M. ! )(11!?+(>K ! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!K*?) b / ! =,11!?>@!?@(D<1!?!;*)<*A?)!D,A1D,;<=Q,!I=K*?K,/!C=1<(AH/!?>@! M: ! )=<,A?<*A, Z " ! YC,A,J(A,/! =>!!==JH=>K!?! M9 ! >(*> Z ! .6 ! U1!?!A,1*)K*?K,!@,DA=Q?<=(>!?>@!;(++*>=;?<=(>!>,K),;< / # ' % ! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1! ." ! ?A, ! DA,@=1D(1,@!<(!)(I,A! ),Q,)1!(J! O>K)=1C!DA(J=;=,>;H / ! IC=;C!>,K?<=Q,)H! ?JJ, ;<1 ! K)=1C 7 F?1,@!C,?)J(A+?<=(> & ! ?>@!=1!?11(;=?<,@!I=,j*=<=,1 Z! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!?A,!?)+(1!C,?A=>K!D,(D),! <(!C?Q,!=>?@ ,j*?<,!C,?)K ! .E ! O>K)=1C 7 1D,?X,A1/!N,?J! U3T 7 *1,A1! A,D(A;H! .M ! @,D?A<+,>@!J,I,A!Q=1=<1!<(!DA=+?AH!;?A,!DCH1=;=?>1 Z ) ' !* ! Y C,1,!=>,j*=<=,1!?A,!;?*1,@! =>!D?AJA?>;C=1,+,>@!1H1<,+=;!F?AA=,A1!=>!!?;;,11=>K!C,?)(;,!;(>;(A@?>=;?<=(>B!+?>H!+,@=;?)!DA(Q=@,A1!@(!>((I!U3TZ!YC=1!@=1;(A@?>=;?<=(>!;(><=Q,!1,AQ=;,1 Z !! ! N,?J!D,(D), ! =>!=<,@!3=;?<=(> / ! ?1!DA(Q=@,@! =>! 3,;<=(>!M6E!(J!!U;1! W =@!3,;<=(>!"MM8!(J! ! (J!?>!U3T&O>K)=1C!=><,ADA,<,A ! a,= 7 D,A1(>!(A!I,F 7 F?1,@! 8! k Q =@,(! A ,+(<,! = ><,ADA,<=>K lb Z! $(I,Q,A /!=><,ADA,<,A1!?A,!>(@/!IC,>!DA(Q=@,@/!+?H! 8E ! >(;,1!FH ! 1 ! )=;,>1*A,!A,j*=A,+,><1 Z!L(A!,]?+D),/ ! L)(A=@? ! 8M ! C?1 ! >(!+?>@?<,@!j*?)=J=;?<=(>!1@?A@ Z ! 8. ! %,1,?A;C ! (>!N,?J! U3T 7 *1,A1! =<,@! 3;)*@=>K! J=>@=>K1 ! JA(+!<,A! 88 ! J(A!N,?J!$,?)=Q,A1=@=;?<,!;,!C,?),j*=<,]< 7 1D,;=J=;!)=<,A?<*A,!(>!=j*,!1,<<=>K1! 89 ! 1*;C!?1! %(;C,1<,A/!m ,I!n(AX/! =1 ! 1D?A1, Z!%(;C,1<,A/! IC=;C!C?1 ! ?!C=KC!D,A 7 ;?D=!(J!N,?J! :6 ! U3T 7 *1,A1 /! =1 ! *>;(++(>!?1!?>!?A,?!J(A!C,?)! :" ! %(;C,1<,A! +?H!C?Q,!C=KC,A!1(;=(,;(>(+=;!1! N,?J!D,(D), ! =>!(! :5 ! %(;C,1<,A/!N,?J!D,(D), ! C?Q,!@=A,;@!)=>K*=1<=;?))H!==;?<=(>!I=@!+,>,]X,@!<(!C,?)@ ! )=X,)H!),?@!<(! ?>! *>@,A,1<=+?<=(>!(J!C,?),j*=;,@!FH!Z! YC,!)?;X!(J! C,?) ! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1! :. !

PAGE 4

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g?<=(>1!=>!L)(A=@? / ! =>;)*@=>K!!(J!?)!?11(;=?<=(>1!(J!@!@!$,?)!1<*@H!+,,!K(?)! (J!< ! "6E ! 1<*@H!I?1 ! <(!<,11)?<=(>!?>@!A,;A*=<+,>!DA,D?A?<=(>!J(A!?!)?AK,A! "6M ! 1<*@HZ! W,!F,>;C+?AX,@! j*,1<=(>1! J(A!?<=(>?)!1*AQ,H1!a ,K /! ;,!3H1<,+!kP%L33l b! ?>@ ! (!56"8!?>@!56":Z! UJ<,A!<,ADA,<,A! ?>@!"!C,?A=>K!U3T! "6: ! =><,ADA,<,A! aNZSZ#Zb! 1)?<,@! 1@! A,;A*=<+,><(!U3T!@ ! >?oQ, ! F?;X 7 1)?<=(>!DA(;,11!=>Q()Q=>K!+,+F,A1!(J!=@!DA(J,11=(>?)! N,?J!?>@!>(> 7 N,?J! =><,ADA,<,A1 Z! N,?J!;(++*>=,@!@!;(+DA,C,>1=(>!(J!1)?<=(>1! F,J(A, ! *1,!=>!!O>K)=1C Z "" b ! ""! ! W,!A,;A*=<,@!N,?J!D,(D),! @*A=>K ! ! +(> ! 1 *++,A!56":! *1=>K! ?!1>(IF?))!1?+D)=>K!+,=<=?<,@!A,;A*=<+,>==g?<=(>!D?A<>,A1/!?>@!=> 7 ""M ! D,A1(>! ,Q,><1 Z!UJ<,A!DA(Q=@=>K!F?1=;!=>J(A+?<=(>!?F(* ,@ ! DA(1D,;<=Q,!D?A<=;=D?><1! "". ! J(A!,)=K=F=)=;)*@,@!K B!a"b! 1,)J 7 =@,><=J H =>K ! ?1!N,?J/!C?A@ 7 (J 7 C,?A=>K/!N,?JP)=>@ ! ""8 ! a F,=>K! N,?J!I=@>,11&)(I!Q=1=(> b /!N,?J#)*1 ! a F,=>K! N,?J! I=?)!@=1?F=)=<=,1 b /!(A!C,?A=>K! "": ! =+D?=A,@ d ! a5b!A,D(A< =>K ! *1=>K!U3T!<(!;(++*>=;?<, d ! a-b ! F, =>K!?K,@ ! f ":!H,?A1 d ! ?>@!aEb!DA(Q=@ =>K ! ""9 !

PAGE 5

! ! ! M ! @(;*+,>!a ,K /!?! K(Q,A>+,>< 7 =11*,@! =@,><=J=;?<=(> ! (A!( b! (J!A,1=@,>;, ! =>!L)(A=@?Z! "56 ! #?A<=;=D?><1!IC(!+,<) b Z!YC=1 ! A,;A*=<+,>< ! DA(;,11! ;A,?<,@!?!1?+D),!(J ! 95 ! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!IC(!)=Q, @ ! =>!L )(A=@?Z ! "55 ! ! Y(!;(+D?A,!!L)(A=@? ! I=K!D,(D), ! =>!L)(A=@? /!I,!?;j*=A,@!, "# ! ?>@! ;A,?<,@!?!1*F1,!KA(*D!a >! c ! "5 ! M:9b! (J!C,?A=>K ! O>K)=1C 7 1D,?X,A1 Z ! W,!;?<,K(A=g,@! "5M ! A,1D(>@,><1!IC(!?>1I,A,@!>( ! <(!Ks i ! ?>@! "5. ! IC(!;(+D),<,@!!O>K)=1C! ?1!C,?A=>K!O>K)=1C 7 1D,?X,A1 Z ! Y C,!R>=Q,A1=1<=<*<=(>?)!%,Q=,I!P(?A@ ! ?DDA(Q,@ ! ? ))!1<*@H! ?;<=Q=<=,1 Z ! "5: ! ! "59 ! *%+('"%( ) "-6 ! \*A ! 1<*@H!=>;)*@,@! =<,+1!(>! C,?)@!C,?)?) ! ;(++*>=1! ?F(*< ! C,?);,A>1/!?!@,DA,11=(>!1;A,,>,A/!?>@! =<,+1!(>! "-5 ! N,?J 7 1D,;=J=; ! @,+(KA?DC=; ! ;C?A?;<,A=1<=;1 Z ! "-! $,?);)*@,@ ! C,?)1*A ?>;, ! 1(b/ ! A,;,= D,A?)!DCH1=;?)!,]?+ =>?<=(> ! aA(*<=>,!;C,;X 7 *Db! =>!(b /!?>@ ! F,=>K!<,1<,@!J(A! "-M ! $0' Z!W,!=>;)*@,@!<,A1!J(A!N=1,?1,!V(>@!#A,Q,><=(>! A,;(++,>@1! "-. ! ;, Z ! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!I,A,!?1X,@!=J!!@!=J!! @,>=,@!?>!=><,ADA,<,A!?!K,!@A=>X=>K/!(Q,AI,=KC@,] /!?>@! ?! @,DA,11=(>!1;A,,>,A Z! "E" ! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1! ;(+D),<,@ ! >?=A,!a#$r 7 5b/!?!@,DA,11=(>!1;A,,>,A! "E5 ! (A=K=>?))H!1)?<,@!=> <(!U3T!FH!=Q,A1=!N,D?A<+,>, Z "! ! YC,! "E! #$r 7 5!+,?1*A,1!@,DA,11=Q,!1H+D<(+1!J(A!K!?@+=>=1d! 1;(A,1!A?>K,!JA(+!6!<(! "EE ! :/!?>@! ?!1;(A,! ! -!=>@=;?<,1!?!8MZ6e!D(1=<=Q,!DA,@=;<=Q,!Q?)*,!(J!?>H!@,DA,11=Q,!@= 1(A@,AZ "$ ! "EM ! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1 ! A,D(A<,@ ! < C, =A ! KA,?<,1;,A>! FH! A,1D(>@=>K!<(!?> ! =<,+! @,Q,)(D,@! F?1,@! "E. ! (>! ,j*=@!D*F)=;!C,?);)*@,@ ! +, >@!A,DA(@*;<=Q,!C,?)@!@=?F,<,1!?>@! "E: ! I,=KC?K,+,>< Z #!+#" ! U3T!1*AQ,H!1)?<=(>!=>;)*@,@!,]?+D),1!?>@!,]D?>1=(>!(J!;(>;,D<1Z!L(A! "E9 ! ,]?+D),/!+,>;,A>1!=>;)*@,@!?>]=,/!?>@!1?K,+,>@!1,]*?)!(A! "M6 ! A,DA(@*;<=Q,!;(>;,A>1!=>;)*@,@! 1,]*?))H!1+=<<,@!@=1,?1,&$0'!DA,Q,><=(>/!;(>@(+!*1,/!?>@!F=A@,><1 ! ,=;,A>! JA(+! ! ;,A>!=J!=(
PAGE 6

! ! ! . ! )=1<,@ d! 7 ,>@,@!A,1D(>1,1!=><(!DA,,]=1<=>K! ;?<,K(A=,1!(A ! ; ?<,K(A=g,@!?1! "M! ?! h 1D,;=J=;!;(>@=<=(> i ! (A! h +*)<=D),!;(>@=<=(> i ! ;(>;,A>Z ! "ME ! N ,+(KA?DC=;! ;C?A?;<,A=1<=;1 ! +,?1*A,@!(>!F(;)*@, @ ! ?K,/! K,>@,A ! a,K/!+?),/!J,+?),/! "MM ! >(>F=>?AHb /!A?;,/!$=1D?>=;&T?<=>(!,=;=!),Q,)/!,+D)(H+,>@! ?>>*?)!C(*1,C()@! "M. ! =>;(+,Z!0>!?@@=<=(>/!N,?J! D?A<=;=D?><1 ! I,A,!?1X,@!j*,1<=(>1!A,)?<,@!<(!<=;)*@=>K!@!;,!?<<,>@=>K!1;C( ()1!J(A!,@!?>@!?>?)Hg,@! @?K!3U3!Q,A1=(>! 9ZE ! a 3U3!0>1<=<*<, / ! 0>; bZ ! W,!*1, @ ! "." ! JA,j*,>;=,1!<(! @,1;A=F, ! 1?+D),!;(+D(1=<=(> ! ?>@!KA,?<,1;,A>1!?+(>K!N,?J! D?A<=;=D?><1 /!?>@! ".5 ! I, ! ;?);*)?<,@!D(=>< ! DA,Q?),>;,! ,1<=+?<,1 ! J(A!C,?)@! *1, ! ?>@! C,?)K ! O>K)=1C 7 1D,?X,A1b Z! P,;?*1,!(J ! 1?+D),!1=g,! @=JJ,A,>;,1! F,!!,]?;1,AQ?<=Q,!=><,AQ?)1 Z ## ! W,! ".M ! D,AJ(A+,@!?!1,A=,1!(J!)(K=1<=;!A,KA,11=(>1/!?@^*1<=>K!J(A!@,+(KA?DC=;!;C?A?;<,A=1<=;1/!<(! ;(+D?A,! @! C,?A=>K! ?@*)<1!,]D,A=,>;=>K! @=;?<(A1!(J!=><,A,1!<(?)H1=1!=>;)*@,@!95!N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!IC(!A,1D(>@,@!<(!@ ! "5 ! M: 9 ! C,?A=>K ! O>K)=1C 7 1D,?X,A1!IC(!A,1D(>@,@!<(!! aA?>K,b! ?K,!(J! !@! MMZ 8 ! a": 7 99b! H,?A1 ! =>!K!P%L33!1?+D), Z! P(?<,)H!J,+?), / ! ?>@! +(1< ! A,1D(>@,><1!a8:Z-e! ?>@! "8! :5Z " e /! A,1D,;<=Q,)H b ! I,A,! W C=<,Z ! "8E ! ! "8M ! 3%+0-4 ) 5 +"%).$$%(()+/&)3%+0-4 ) 62(7 ) 8%4+92#"( ) "8. ! W,!J(*>@ ! >(!@=JJ,A,>;,!F,! N,?J!?>@!C,?A=>K! A,1D(>@,><1! =>! K! "88 ! C,?)1*A?>;,!;(Q,A?K, ! a Y?F),! 5 b Z! N,?J! A,1D(>@,><1 ! C?@!)(I,A!;A*@,!(@@1!(J! K,>,A?)!DCH1=;?)! "8: ! ,]?+ =>?<=(> 1! !K!;(*><,AD?A<1d!C(I,Q,A/!IC,>!;(>K!J(A!A,),Q?>;)*@=>K! C,?)1*A ?>;, ! 1@ ! >(!@=JJ,A,>;,!a ?@^*1<,@!(@@1!A?<=(!k ?\% l ! c! ":6 ! 6Z.d ! 9Me!V0 / ! 6Z-8 7 "Z6M b!a Y?F),!bZ ! 2(A,! ! C?)J!aMMZ.eb! (J!N ,?J!D,(D),! A,D(A<,@!F,=>K!?!D?<=,>! ":" ! K!!?@@=<=(>/! -8Z5e! (J!N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!A,D(A<,@!F,=>K! ":5 ! @,>=,@!?>!=><,ADA,<,A!=>!?!+,@=;?)!J?;=)=K!K!(>,Z ! ":! ! YC,!KA,?<,1;,!=>!DA,Q?),>;,!(J!C,?)@! *1, ! I?1!(F1,AQ,@!J(A!$0'!<,1<=>K! ":E ! C=1<(AH/! I=K!,Q,A!F,=>K!<,1<,@ ! ;(+D?A,@! I=K!?@*)<1 Z! ":M !

PAGE 7

! ! ! 8 ! WC,>!?@^*1<=>K!J(A!@,+(KA?DC=;!Q?A=?F),1/! I,!J(*>@!>( ! 1=K>=J=;?>;,!F,!N,?J!?>@! ":. ! C,?A=>K!?@*)<1!a?\%!c!"Z -E d ! 9Me!V0 / ! 6Z: E 7 5Z "b ! a Y?F),!b Z ! ":8 ! ) m,?A)H! " ! =>! . ! a"MZMed!9Me!V0 / ! :ZMe 7 5MZ6e b ! N,?J!D,(D),!1;(A,@! t -! (>!@ ! >(!@ =JJ,A,>;, 1 ! =>!!(J! N,?J!(A!C,?A=>K! A,1D(>@,><1 ! A,D(A<=>K!;*AA,>K?K=>K!=>!F=>K,!@A=>X=>K! =>!,?A)H ! @(*F),!;,!(J!C,?A=>K!D,(D),!a "-Z M ebZ! V (+D?A,@! I=K!?@*)<1/!N,?J! "9" ! ?@*)<1! C?@ ! C=KC,A!?@^*1<,@!(@@1!(J!F=>K,!@A=>X=>K ! =>!!?J<,A!?@^*1< =>K ! J(A! "95 ! 1(;=(@,+(KA?DC=; ! ;C?A?;<,A=1<=;1 ! a?\%!c! "Z: 6 bZ ! "9! ! "9E ! :"%+-%(-)3%+0-4)5#/$%"/)#;),%+;).&'0-( ) "9M ! YC,!+(1;,A> ! ?+(>K!N,?J!D,(D), ! I?1!+,>X=>K!(J!+,>;,A>1! I?1 ! ,j*?)!?;A(11!?K,!KA(*D1/ ! I,!J(*>@! ?!C=KC,A!DA,Q?),>;,!(J! "98 ! +,>;,A>!?+(>K! ?@*)<1! ?K,@!": 7 59! ! ?+(>K!?@*)<1 ! ?K,@! t E6 ! a-Ze!Q1!5MZ6ebZ! YC,! "9: ! 1,;(>@!?>@!;,A>1/!(Q,A?))/! I,A,! I,=KC?K,+,>< ! ?>@ ! ;(>@=<=(>1! 1*;C! "99 ! ?1! ^(=>@!+*1;),!D?=>!?>@!;?>;,AZ! Y C, ! ;,A>! ?+(>K!?@*)<1!?K,@!": 7 59! 566 ! I?1!1,]*?)! (A ! A,DA(@*;<=Q,!C,?)1!?;<=Q=<=,1 ! @,1D=<,! 56E ! ,]D,A=,>;=>K!I=@,1DA,?@!C,?),j*=!<( ! A,;,>;,+,><1! =>! >?<=(>?)!@? / #$ ! +(1< ! A,1,?A;C! ?+(>K!N,?J!D,(D),! C?1!1?+D),@!JA(+!@!)?;X1! 56. ! K,>,A?)=g?F=)==@=;?<(A1!(J!C,?)@!C,?)@!*1,!?+(>K!N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!=>!L)(A=@? /!*1=>K!=K?K,@! 56: ! ?DDA(?;C!<(!? @C, A , ! <(!C ,?)!F,1<,]< 7 1D,;=J=;!=>J(A+?<=(>! 1C(*)@!F,! 569 ! (F,@! F,J(A, ! ,>K?K=>K!=>!D)?>>=>K!?;<=Q=<=,1 Z ! 5"6 ! ! YC,!KA,?<,1;,A>!A,D(A<,@!FH!N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!=>!L)(A=@?!I?1!+,>;)*@=>K! 5"" ! 1]=,@!@,DA,11=(>Z!\*A!1<*@H!J(*>@!@,><1 ! 1;(A,@!?< ! A=1X!J(A! 5"5 ! @,DA,11=(> ! (>!;,! =1 ! C=KC,A!! ,A?)!D(D*)?<=(>!?K,@! 5"! t 56! a =, /!:Z"e! JA(+ ! 56"-! <( ! 56".b Z #% ! YC,1, ! J=>@=>K 1 ! @,+(>1,,@!J(A!? ! ;?))!<(!?;<=(>Z!m()H!=1! 5"E ! ;,!(J!F,=>K!?< ! A=1X!J(A!@,DA,11=(>!?+(>K!N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1!=>!L)(A=@?!?)+(1;,!(J!,A?)! R3 ! D(D*)?<=(> # % ! ?>@/!)=X,)H/!*>@,AA,D(A<,@! F,;?*1,!(J ! D(<,><=?)!1,>1=<=Q=!/ ! F*?K,+,><1!J?;,!1;)*@=>K! ?;;,11!<(!+,>
PAGE 8

! ! ! : ! !K,>,A?)Z!L(A!,]?+D),/!=>!56":/!(>)H!MMZMe!(J!+,>!=<,@!3@!=<1!<,AA=<(A =,1!(JJ,A,@!!1=K>!)?>K*?K,!J(A!N,?J!D?<=,><1 Z #& ! L?;=)=<=,1! 556 ! =>@=;?<=>K!!(J!?;;,11=F),!(@=;?<,!A,?)=g,@!)?>K*?K,!?;;,11!<(! 55" ! N,?J!D?<=,><1!IC(!A,D(A=;?<=(>!?;;,11!=<,@!3!>,,@!(J!+(A,!+,>?)1!IC(!?A,!N,?J!IC(! 55! ;?>!DA(Q=@,!;*)<*A?))H!?>@!)=>K*=1<=;?))H!?DDA(DA=?<,!1,AQ=;,1Z ! L*AK!;,D<*?)=g?<=(>!(J!hD,A;,=Q,@!>,,@/i!h?;<*?)!>,,@/i!?>@!hA,1(*A;,1i!a?>@! 55M ! ?)=K>+,>K!<(!?;<=(>b / !) ! ?KA,,+,>!;(++*>=,,@!?>@!?;<*?)!>,,@!A,)?<,@!<(! 55. ! +,>1=@,A?F ), d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a ,K /!Y?+D?&V),?AI?<,Ab ! ?>@! <( ! ;(><,]<*?)! 5-8 ! J ?;<(A1!=>;)*@=>K!,?A)H!;C=)@C((@!)?>K*?K,!@,Q,)(D+,>@!J?+=)H!;(++*>=;?<=(> Z ! 5-: ! ! $,?)!@! 5-9 ! 1(+,!= >@=;?<=(>!(J!C,?)!L)(A=@? ! C? @ ! ,Q,A!A,;,=Q,@!?>!$0'!<,1< /! 5E6 ! C=KC,A!! K!C,?A=>K ! A,1D(>@,><1 Z!YC=1 ! J=>@=>K ! ?)=K>1!;)(1,)H!I=@=;?<=>K!!%(;C,1<,A b "& ! <( ! MEZ6e!a>?<=(>?))H b $$ ! (J! N,?J!U3T 7 *1,A1! C?Q,! ,Q,A! 5E5 ! F,,>! <,1<,@ ! J(A!$0' Z ! $(I,Q,A /! N,?J!D,(D),!+?H!F,!),11!)=X,)H!<(!*1,! DA,Q,><=(> ! 1,AQ=;,1!!C,?A=>K! 5E! D,(D), Z! 0<1!*1,!DA=+?AH!;?A,!1,AQ=;,1!),11!JA,j*,><)H ! !C,?A=>K!D,(D), ! 5EE ! F,;?*1,!(J ! ;(++*>=;?<=(>!F?AA=,A1 !! d!K?K,+,>1=F),!J(A! @=>K!<1!aMMZ.eb!*1 ,@ ! O N ! 1,AQ=;,1!@*A=>K!@=<=(> 7 @,D,>@,>! ?11(;=?<,@!I=@!>?Q=K?<=(> Z $%+$& ! 5E: ! 0>!(*A!1<*@H/! -8Z5e ! (J!N,?J!D,(D),!A,D(A<,@!C?Q=>K!?>!=><,ADA,<,A!A,j*,1=,@!=>!?!+,@=;?)! 5E9 ! J?;=)=K!! (J ! A,1,?A;C!JA(+!=<,@!G=>K@(+!=>@=;?<=>K! 5M6 ! (>)H!"8e!(J!N,?J!D?<=,>1*)1!C?@!1=K>!)?>K*?K,!=><,ADA,<,A1 / $( ! ?>@!A,;,>
PAGE 9

! ! ! 9 ! A,1,?A;C!JA(+!m(A?!=>@=;?<=>K!?!56e!@=1;A,D?>;H!F,!D?<=,>@!*1,@ 7 5M5 ! ;(++*>=;?<=(>!+(@?)= !C,?)K1/ $) ! (Q,)!J=>@=>K! A,D(A<,@! =>!<=>*,!<(!,]D,A=,>;,!F?AA=,A1!<(!C,?)=;?<=(> Z! 5ME ! %,J*1=>K!<(!DA(Q=@,! ;(++*>=;?<=(>!?;;(++(@?<=(>1! J(A ! N,?J!D?<=,><1!C?1! ;(>1,j*,>;,1 ! J(A!D?<=,>K?K,+,>!C,?)@! D?<=,>< ! C,?)1 ! J(A!+,@=;?)!,@!!(J!D?<=,>< 7 ;,><,A,@!;?A,/!1C?A,@ ! @,;=1=(> ! +?X=>K/!?>@! A,;,=Q=>K!=>J(A+,@!;(>1,>(1<=; ! <,1<1!?>@!!(J!+?>@?<,1!(*<)=>,@!=>!1! 5M: ! W =@!(K1@=>K!;(++*>=;,! (J ! F,=>K! 5M9 ! @,>=,@!?>!=><,ADA,<,A! =>!C,?)K 1 ! ;(><=>*,1!@,1D=<,! ,JJ(A< 1 ! FH!;(++*>=!(J!@! =!(J ! j*?)=J=,@ ! =><,ADA,<,A!1,AQ=;,1!;)*@=>K!J=)=>K!)?I1*=<1!?K?=>1K!J,@,A?)! )?I $, ! ?>@ ! ;())?F(A?<=>K!I=,H!S,>,A?)p1!\JJ=;, ! <(! 5.! ;()),;1=Q,!@?<1!IC,>!=> <,ADA,<,A!A,j*,1<1!?A,! @,>=,@ Z %* ! S=Q,>!;,!(J!?;;, 11=F),!C,?)=;?<=(>!?>@!;,!(J!N,?J!;(++*>=!(J!=><,ADA,<,A!1,AQ=;,1/!D?<=,> ! ?>@! DA(+(<=(>!1D,;=?)=1<1! +*1==@!),?@!<(!1H1<,+1!;C?>K,Z ! 5.8 ! ! 5.: ! <2=2-+-2#/( ) 5.9 ! YC=1!1<*@H! C?@!1,Q,A?)!)=+=1Z! L=A1( ! (J!=!L)(A=@?d!?F),!<(!*1,!1?+ D)=>K!I,=KC<1!<(!+(A,! 58" ! ?;;*A?<,)H!,1<=+?<,!D(=>< ! DA,Q?),>;,!?>@ ! 9Me!V01 Z! \*A ! 1?+D),! +?H ! >(< ! F, ! A,DA,1,>=!(J! W C=<,! A,1D(>@,><1 ! ?>@!D,(D),!I=(+=;!1!!=>! Z! 3,;(>@/!? 1! 58E ! ?!+,(!?@,j*?<,)H!D(I,A,@!J(A!=> 7 @,D?)H1=1!(J! 58M ! !;(>@*;<=>K!D(I,A!?>?)H1=1!<(!@,<,A+=>,!,+D=A=;?)!1?+D),!1=g,! 588 ! K(?)1Z! YC,!1+?))!1?+D),!1=g,!D?=A,@!I=;,!(J!1,),;<,@!C,?)@=;?<(A1!a ,K / ! 58: ! ;(+F*1<=F),!;=K?A,<< ,!*1,b! ),@!<(! )?AK, ! 9Me!V01 Z! L*<*A,!A,1,?A;C!1C(*)@! ;(>@*;?)H1=1! <(!D(()! 589 ! @!J=>@=>K1!?;A(11!N,?J!C,?)@,A1@!C,?),j*= ! Z! YC=A@ /!DA,,]=1<=>K!;(>@=<=(>1!I,A,!>(@!1C(*)@!F,!?@^*1<,@!J(A!=>!J*<*A,!1<*@=,1Z! S=Q,>!1/!D?=A,@!I=(I>!)=+=1!(J!1,)J 7 A,D(A@,A,1<=+?<, @ ! ,j*=K ! N,?J! D,(D), Z ! 5:E !

PAGE 10

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g?<=(>1!?>@!;(++*>==;1!<(!@=11,+=>?<,!C,?)J(A+?<=(>!?>@! 59M ! ?@ Q(;?<,!J(A!+(A,!?;;,11=F),!C,?)K1 / ! ,1D,;=?))H! => ! +,>@!1*F1;,!*1, ! 59. ! < Z ! W,!?)1(!,>;(*A?K,!@!,]D?>1=(>!(J!K (Q,A>+,>;)*@,!N,?J!D,(D), /!=>!K*?K,/ ! 1(!@,A1@!=<1!?>@!C,?),,@1Z ! 599 ! YC=1!1<*@H!A,DA,1,><1!=K?K,@!C,?),,@1!?11,11+,>@*;<,@!I=! L)(A=@ ?!?>@!?>?)Hg,1!@=JJ,A,>;,1!=>!C,? )K!N,?J ! ?>@! -6" ! C,?A=>K ! D,(D), Z! L=>@=>K1!=>@=;?<,!=>,j*=<=,1!F,!N,?J! D,(D),p1! C,?)@!K! -65 ! O>K)=1C 7 1D,?X=>K!;(*><,AD?A<1 ! => ! A,;,=Q=>K! ,JJ,;<=Q,!;(++*>=;?<=(>!=>!C,?)Q=A(>+,><1 ! ?>@! -6! F=>K,!@A=>X=>K Z!L*A;,A>!?+(>K!N,?J!D,(D),!=>!L)(A=@? Z! -6E ! YC,1,!@?=K?K,@!A,1,?A;C & ;(++*>=@ ! I(AX=>K!I==,j*=@!<(!=@,><=JH!?>@!=+D),+,>K,!<(!=+DA(Q,! Z ! -6: ! ! -69 ! 2%(G#51T!0#(. ! -"6 ! #(A<=(>1 ! (J!<,@!?>*?)!2,,<=>K!(J!!(J!! -"" ! 56"9!?>@!U>>*?)!2,,<=>K!(J!!=>!5656Z ! -"5 ! ! -"! 26U&#V;./,$.&(1 ! -"E ! YC,!?*X!!(J!?)!N,?J 7 ),@!(AK?>=g?<=(>1/!?>@!+,+F,A1!(J! -"M ! =K!;,!3H1<,+! -". !

PAGE 11

! ! ! "" ! @?!! -"8 ! ?A,!1(),)H!@!@(!>(,;,11?A=)H!A,J),;(!J=>?>;=?)!1*DD(A@&(A!D*F)=;?<=(>!(J!(!D(<,><=?)!;(>J)=;<1!(J!=><,A,1@&(A! -5E ! D*F)=;?<=(>!(J!
PAGE 12

! ! ! "5 ! S.3.5.&6.1 ! -58 ! "Z! ! 2=<;C,))!%O/!n(*>K!YU/!P?;C),@?!P/!G?A;C+,A!2UZ!$(I!+?>H!D,(D),!*1,!U3T!=>!=<,@! -5: ! 3,,@!*D@?<=>KZ! >2?/)<+/?)>-'& Z!566.d.a-bB-6. 7 --MZ ! -59 ! 5Z! ! #?@@,>!VU/!$*+ DCA=,1!Y T Z! ,%+;)2/).=%"2$+@)A#2$%() B "#=)+)5'0-'"% Z!$?AQ?A@!R>=Q,A1=p(I!;?>!C*AK*?K,!@,DA=Q?<=(>!FH!=+D?=A=>K!1=K>! --5 ! )?>K?*K,!@,Q,)(D+,>!@,?J!;C=)@A,>Z! *+-%"/)5420&)3%+0-4)C Z!56"8d5"aMbB9. " 7 9.MZ ! --! @(=B"6Z"668&1"699M 7 6"8 7 55:8 7 H ! --E ! EZ! ! $?))!WV/!T,Q=>!TT/!U>@,A1(>!2TZ!T?>K*?K,!@,DA=Q?<=(>!1H>@A(+,B!?!D(11=F),!>,*A(@,Q,)(D+,>1Z! >#$)!(1$42+-"1)!(1$42+-")DE2&%=2#0 Z!56"8dM5a.bB8." 7 88.Z! --. ! @(=B"6Z"668&166"58 7 6"8 7 "-M" 7 8 ! --8 ! MZ! ! G*1C?)>?K?A!#/!%,,1+?>![Z!T=>X=>K!,Q=@,>;,!I=K*?K,!@,DA=Q?<=(>/!;(++*>=;?<=(>! --: ! >,K),;@!C,?)<,@!?!N,?J>,11!?>@!%,C?F=)=! --9 ! U11(;=?<=(>&U11(;=?<=(>!(J!2,@=;?)!#A(J,11=(>?)1! W =K!T(11,1 ! V(>J,A,>;,d![*>,! " 7 E /!56"9d! -E6 ! P?)<=+(A,/!2NZ ! -E" ! .Z! ! u?g(Q,!#/!2,?@(A!$O/!%,,@!PN/!S(A,>J)(!NWZ!N,?J!D,A1(>1p! O >K)=1C!A,?@=>K!),Q,)1!?>@! -E5 ! ?11(;=?<=(>1!I=?)/!?>@!;*)<*A?)!J?;<(A1Z! C)3%+0-4)5#=='/ Z!56"-d":a8bB8.6 7 -E! 885Z! @(=B"6Z"6:6&"6:"6 8-6Z56"5Z8E-.-! -EE ! 8Z! ! 2;G,,!22/!#??1;C, 7 \A)(I!2G/!W=><,A1!#V/!,K!C,?)!N,?J!U+,A=;?>! -EM ! 3=K>!T?>K*?K,!*1,A1Z! C)3%+0-4)5#=='/ Z!56"Md56 a 3*DD)!5 b B95 7 "66Z! -E. ! @(=B"6Z"6:6&"6:"68-6Z56"MZ"6..E.: ! -E8 ! :Z! ! P?A>,<![N/!#())?A@!%r![A/!,=!)?>K*?K,! -E: ! *1,A1!<(!=@,><=JH!C,?),j*=<=,1Z! .=)C)!'F02$)3%+0-4 Z!56""d"6"a"5bB55-M 7 55-:Z ! -E9 ! @(=B"6Z5"6M&U[#$Z56""Z-665E8 ! -M6 ! 9Z! ! P?A>,<!I==<=,1!<(!;(>@* ;;,Z! .=)C)!"%9)*%& Z!56"8dM5a! 3*DD)!bB35M6 7 35MEZ! -M5 ! @(=B"6Z"6".&^Z?+,DA,Z56".Z"6Z6"" ! -M! "6Z! ! 2;G,,!22/!W=><,A1!#V/!3,>!U/!u?g(Q,!#/!L=1;,))?!GZ!O+,AK,>;H!@,D?A<+,>!?+(>K! -ME ! @,?J!U+,A=;?>!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!*1,A1Z! ,2(+F20)3%+04)C Z!56"Md:aEbBM87 M8:Z ! -MM ! @(=B"6Z"6".&^Z@C^(Z56"MZ6MZ66E ! -M. ! ""Z! ! 2;G,,!22/!P?A>,<!YUZ!0+D?;=;?<=(>!(>!DA,Q,><=Q,!1,AQ=;,1! -M8 ! ?+(>K!@,?J!U+,A=;?>!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!*1,A1Z! .=)C)!"%9)*%& Z!56""dE"a"bB8M 7 89Z ! -M: ! @(=B"6Z"6".&^Z?+,DA,Z56""Z6-Z66E ! -M9 !

PAGE 13

! ! ! "! "5Z! ! 6%4+F202-+-2#/).$-)#;)GHIJ Z ! "9!R3V!v86" ! a "98b Z ! -.6 ! "-Z! ! U+,A=;?>1! W =!?>@!UJJ(A@?F),!V?A,!U;?K?A ! #/!O>K,)+?>!U/!3=+(>1!UmZ!N,?J!I(+,>p1!C,?);,!<(!FA,?1@!;,AQ=;?)! -.! ;?>;,A!1;A,,>=>K!A,;(++,>@?<=(>1Z! .=)C)!"%9)*%& Z! 56"9dM8a-bB-E. 7 -ME Z! -.E ! @(=B"6Z"6".&^Z?+,DA,Z56"9Z6EZ6"8 ! -.M ! " . Z! ! G*1C?)>?K?A!#/!$=))!V/!V?AA=g?),1!3/!3?@),A!S%Z!#A(1! ? ><=K,>!a#3Ub!1;A,,>=>K!?>@! -.. ! 1C?A,@!@,;=1=(>!+?X=>K!?+(>K!@,?J!?>@!C,?A=>K!+?),!D?<=,><1Z! C)5+/$%")D&'$ Z! 5656d-Ma"bB5: 7 -MZ! -.8 ! @(=B"6Z"668&1"-":8 7 6": 7 "E-. 7 ! -.: ! " 8 Z! ! G*1C?)>?K?A!#/!$(K)=>@!Y/!3=+(>1!Um/!S*>!NZ!#A,Q?),>;,!(J!?);(C()!*1,B! ? ! >?<=(>?)!1*AQ ,H! -.9 ! (J! @ ,?J!?@*)<1!=>!=<,@!3!TW/!GA,*<,A!2 W Z! 3%+0-4)!"#?"+=)!0+//2/?@)./)D&'$+-2#/+0)+/&)D$#0#?2$+0).EE"#+$4K ! E!2G/!2;G,,!22/!,@*;<=>K!)(I!;(1 =K?K,@!C,?)!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!*1,A1Z ! #A,DA=>)=>,!2?H!"E/!5656Z! !(1."L29) -8E ! !"%E" Z!@(=B"6Z-"5-E&(1JZ=(&K];FA ! -8M ! 56 Z! ! P?A>,<!YUZ!N,?J!1=K>!)?>K*?K,!*1,A1/!C,?),j*=<=,1/!?>@!D*F)=;! -8. ! C,?)=K!+,>,,@1!J( A! @ ,?J!D?<=,><1! -8: ! !=><,AKA?<,@!C,?)-'&),%+;)D&'$ Z!56":d5-a-bB5E6 7 5E:Z! -89 ! @(=B"6Z"69-&@,?J,@&,>H665 ! -:6 ! 55Z! ! [?+,1!YS/!3*))=Q?>!2G/!2;G,,!22/!,>?=A, w L)(A=@?!N,?J!$,?) " ! -:5 ! 5Z! ! L)(A=@?!N,D?A<+,>'"9%200+/$%)>1(-%=)N86B>>O) -:! PQGR Z!56"9Z! U;;,11,@! UDA=)!5:/!565" Z ! C<@ 7 @?;, 7 1H1<,+&56":P%L33%,D(A?)RD@?<,@ZD@J ! -:M ! -EZ! ! GA(,>X,!G/!3D=>?=A, 7 5B!Q?)=@=!1;A,,>,AZ! *%&)5+"% Z!566-dE"a""bB"5:E 7 "595Z!@(=B"6Z"698&6"Z2T%Z666669-E:8Z8:..EZ-V ! -:8 ! 5 M Z! ! #())?A@!%r ! [A /!3*<<,A!O/!V,A*))=!VZ!0><=+?<,!D?A<>,A!Q=(),>;,!A,D(A<,@!FH!!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!1*AQ,HZ! C)S/-%"E%"()A2#0%/$% Z!56"Ed59aMbB9E: 7 9.MZ! -:9 ! @(=B"6Z""88&6::.5.6M"-M6M86! -96 !

PAGE 14

! ! ! "E ! 5 . Z! ! $,=+?>!O/!$?H>,1!3/!2;G,,!2Z! 3,]*?)!C,?)!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!aU3Tb! -9" ! *1,A1Z! ,2(+F20)3%+0-4)C Z!56"Md:aEbBM89 7 M:MZ ! @(=B"6Z"6".&^Z@C^(Z56"MZ6.Z66M ! -95 ! 5 8 Z! ! [(1,DC![2/!3?IH,A!%/!N,1+(>@!3Z!3,]*?)! X >(I),@K,/! F ,C?Q=(A!?>@! 1 (*A;,1!(J! = >J(A+?<=(>! ? +(>K! -9! @ ,?J!?>@! C ?A@!(J! C ,?A=> K! ; ()),K,! 1 <*@,><1Z! .=).//),%+; Z!56"5d"E6aEbB--: 7 -EMZ ! -9E ! @(=B"6Z"-M-&??@Z56"5Z6-89 ! -9M ! 5 : Z! ! 2?AK,))(1 7 U>?1!SZ!V?A@=(Q?1;*)?A!@=1,?1,!X>(I),@K,!?+(>K!;*)<*A?))H! -9. ! @ ,?J!D?<=,><1!=>!VC=;?K(Z! !"%9)*%& Z!566.dE5a-bB5-M 7 5-9Z ! @(=B"6Z"6".&^ZHD+,@Z56 6MZ"5Z6"5 ! -98 ! 5 9 Z! ! 2;G,,!2/!3;C),C(J,A!N/!V*;*)=;X![/!3!m#Z!#,A;,D<=(>1!(J!;?A@=(Q?1;*)?A! -9: ! C,?)!?>!*>@,A1,AQ,@!;(++*>=K!U+,A=;?>!3=K>!T?>K*?K,Z! ,2(+F20)3%+0-4)C Z! -99 ! 56""dEa-bB"95 7 "98Z ! @(=B"6Z"6".&^Z@C^(Z56""Z6EZ66" ! E66 ! 6 Z! ! 3+=?K?A!#/!$?*1,A!#VZ!N,?J!?@(),1;,><1p!),?A>=>K!(J!;?A@=(Q?1;*)?A!C,?)J(A+?<=(>B! 1 (*A;,1!?>@!?;;,11!;C?)),>K,1Z! C),%+;)>-'&),%+;)D&'$ Z!56"Md56aEbBE6: 7 E":Z! E65 ! @(=B"6Z"69-&@,?J,@&,>Q65" ! E6! -" Z! ! P?=>FA=@K,!GO/!$(JJ+?>!$[/!V(I=,!VVZ!N=?F,<,1! ?>@!C,?A=>K!=+D?=A+,>!=<,@!3;,!JA(+!?)!$,?)@!m*!O]?+=>?<=(>!3*AQ,H/!"999!<(!566EZ! .//) E6M ! S/-%"/)*%& Z!566:d"E9a"bB" 7 "6Z ! @(=B"6Z8-5.&6667 E:"9 7 "E9 7 " 7 566:686"6 7 665-" ! E6. ! -5 Z! ! WC=<,!%\/!VC?XX?)?X?)!%[/!#A,1),H! VU/!,1!(J!DA(Q=@,A!;(++*>=;?<=(>!?+(>K! E68 ! Q*)>,A?F),!D?<=,><1!I=J)*,>;,1!(J!+,@=;?)!+=1@!C,?),A?)=1,@!V)(DD,A q #,?A1(>!;(>J=@,>;,!=><,AQ?)1!J(A!(+=?)!DA(D(A<=(>Z! C) E"6 ! >-+-)5#=E'-)>2='0 Z!566.d8.a.bBE:9 7 M6:Z!@(=B"6Z"6:6&"6.59-.6M66"68M58 ! E"" ! E Z! ! G*1C?)>?K?A!#/!$?AA=1!%/!#?)*@>,Q=;=,>,!%/!$(K)=>@!YZ!$,?)J(A+?<=(>!m?<=(>?)!YA,>@1! 3 *AQ,H! E"5 ! =>!U+, A=;?>!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!a$0mY3 7 U3TbB! D A(<(;()!J(A!!?>@!)=>K*=1<=;!Q?)=@?<=(>! E"! (J!?!>?<=(>?)!1*AQ,HZ! C*S6)6%()!"#-#$ Z!56"8d.a9bB,"85Z ! @(=B"6Z5"9.&,1DA(-+-%(V)PQGJ W PQGX Z! Y 53>),+-+)8"2%;K ) 56": d-6-B" 7 : Z ! E". ! . Z! ! 3*F1;,!UF*1,!?>@!2,>=1Z! Y+-2#/+0)*%/-+0)3%+0-4)>%"92$%() E"8 ! >'"9%1)NY W *3>>O@)PQGR V ) ,+-+)#/)*%/-+0)3%+0-4)M"%+-=%/-)B+$202-2%( Z!3*F1;,!UF*1,!?>@!2,>=1d!56"9Z ! E"9 ! 8 Z! ! U>K),+H,A!O/!VA,1D=!VZ!2=1=><,ADA,!(J!D1H;C=?,11!=>! @ ,?J!D?<=,><1B! < I(!;?1,!A,D(A<1Z! E56 ! 5+(%)6%E)!(1$42+-"1 Z!56":d56":B-5:M"M-Z!@(=B"6Z""MM&56":&-5:M"M! E5" !

PAGE 15

! ! ! "M ! : Z! ! 3<,=>F,AK!US/!3*))=Q?>!'[/!T(,I!%VZ!V*)<*A?)!?>@!)=>K*=1<=;!F?AA=,A1!<(!+,>1*+,Ap1!D,A1D,;<=Q,Z! .=)C)!(1$42+-"1 Z!"99:d"MMa8bB9:5 7 9:EZ! E5! @(=B"6Z""8.&?^DZ"MMZ8Z9:5 ! E5E ! 9 Z! ! 3<,=>F,AK!US/!P?A>,<1!OU/!u?g( Q,!#Z!$,?);,1!?>@!D,A;,D<=(>1!(J!@,?J!D,(D),Z! C):%/)S/-%"/)*%& Z!566.d5"a-bB5.6 7 5..Z ! @(=B"6Z""""&^Z"M5M 7 E5. ! "E98Z566.Z66-E6Z] ! E58 ! E6 Z! ! G*1C?)>?K?A!#/!PA*;,!3/!3*<<(>!Y/!T,=KC!0WZ!%,< q ;C=)@!;(++*>=;?<=(>! E5: ! @=JJ=;*)<=,1!?>@!A=1X!(J!@,DA,11=(>!=>! @ ,?J!?@*)<1Z! C),%9)!41(),2(+F20 Z!56"8d59a"bB5M 7 -EZ ! E59 ! @(=B"6Z"668&1"6::5 7 6". 7 9M6" 7 M ! E-6 ! E" Z! ! 3C,DD?A@!G/!P?@K,A!YZ!YC,!)=Q,@!,]D,A=,>;,!(J!@,DA,11=(>!?+(>K!;*)<*A?))H! @ ,?J!?@*)<1Z! C)!(1$42+-") E-" ! *%/-)3%+0-4) Y'"( Z!56"6d"8a9bB8:7 8:9Z!@(=B"6Z""""&^Z"-.M 7 5:M6Z56"6Z6".6.Z] ! E-5 ! E5 Z! ! 2;G,,!22/!T=>!L%/!u?g(Q,!#Z!3@!DA(KA?+!@,Q,)(D+,>K! E-! )(11Z! ,2(+F20)3%+0-4)C Z!56": d""aEbBM"9 7 M5E Z!@(=B"6Z"6".&^Z@C^(Z56":Z68Z6"6 ! E-E ! EZ! ! G*1C?)>?K?A!#/ ! O>K,)+?>!U/!3?@),A!SZ!N,?J!D?<=,>< q DA(Q=@,A!;(++*>=;?<=(>!?>@!)*>K!;?>;,A! E-M ! 1;A,,>=>KB!$,?)J(A+?<=(>!m?<=(>?)!YA,>@1! 3 *AQ,H!=>!U+,A=;?>!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!a$0mY3 7 U3TbZ! E-. ! !+-2%/-)D&'$)5#'/( Z!56":d "6"a8bB"5-5 7 "5-9 Z!@(=B"6Z"6".&^ZD,;Z56":Z6-Z66! E-8 ! E E Z! ! N,?J!$,?)=;?<=(>!?>@!r*?)=<,AZ!L?1,11Z!L?;,F((XZ! E-: ! #*F)=1C,@![*>,!58/!56"9Z!C<!NL2/!3=>;)?=A![/!VC?>K!n/!YC=,)X,A!Gu/!m?K*A>,H![YZ!#?<=,>@!DA(Q=@, A! EE6 ! D,A;,D<=(>1!(J!ICH!D?<=,><1!1,,X!;?A,!=>!,+,AK,>;H!@,D?A<+,><1Z! C)D=%"?)*%& Z!56"EdE.a"bB"6E 7 ""5Z! EE" ! @(=B"6Z"6".&^Z^,+,A+,@Z56"-Z6EZ6.! EE5 ! E . Z! ! [(C>1!$(DX=>1!R>=Q,A1=K!0>1<=<*<,!J(A!#?<=,>@!r*?)=$+/)6%E#"Z!UK,>;H!J(A!$,?)@!r*?)=?)1&1H1<,+1&C(1D=Q=A(>+,>&=>@,]ZC<+) ! EE. ! E 8 Z! ! %,,Q,1!N/!G(X(A*I,!P/!N(FF=>1![/!m,I<(>!'Z!U;;,11!<(!D A=+?AH!;?A,!?>@!?;;=@,>;H! EE8 ! 1,AQ=;,1!J(A!@,?J!D,(D),!=>! 7 EE: ! C,?);C,1<,AZ?;Z*X&DA=+?AH;?A,&>D;A@; 7 ?A;C=Q,&#*F)=;?<=(>1&N,?JyU;;,11yJ=>?)yA,D(A>=1!0O/!W=!T/!YC(+?1!GVZ!U;;,11!<(!,JJ,;<=Q,!;(++*>=;?<=(>!?=@1! EM6 ! ?>@!1,AQ=;,1!?+(>K!U+,A=;?>!3=K>!T?>K*?K,!*1,A1!?;A(11!m(A?B! @ =1D?A=<=,1!?>@!1'/&%"0+/&)9K)8%-4%(&+)3%+0-4V)S/$K ! V?1,! > (Z!"7 :6.:M 7 V0' 7 $R%TOn/!"-EE Z!R3 ! N=1!N=1
PAGE 16

! ! ! ". ! M6 Z! ! L)(A=@?!U11(;=?<=(>!(J!,!2;2?C(>p1!Q)(K!(>!=><,ADA,<=>K!;(+D)?=><1 Z ! 56".Z! U;;,11,@! EMM ! 2 ?H!"/!565" Z ! C<,1!OS/!%,>K,A!%/!L=A,1<(>,!%Z!N,?J!;(++*>=?)H1=1!J(A!C,?)!DA=(A=<=,1Z! !'F02$) EM8 ! 3%+0-4)Y'"( Z!566Md55a"bB58 7 -MZ ! @(=B"6Z""""&^Z68-8 7 "569Z566MZ55"6MZ] ! EM: ! M5 Z! ! [(>,1!OS/!%,>K,A!%/!G?>K! nZ!3,)J 7 ,JJ=;?;H!J(A!C,?)K!@,?J!?@*)<1Z! 6%() EM9 ! Y'"()3%+0-4 Z!5668d-6a5bB":M 7 "95Z!@(=B"6Z"665&>*AZ56"9. ! E.6 ! MZ! ! P?A>,<!Y d!N,?J!W,=KC=j*,! ; )=>=;?)! < A=? )!(J! C ,?)!I=!%G/!\p$,?A>!U/!$?H>,1!3TZ!U@?D<=>K!C,?)!+?<,A=?)!J(A!@,?J! E.E ! ?*@=,>;,1Z! 6%4+F20)!(1$4#0 Z! 5669dMEa5bB5-5 7 5-: Z ! @(=B"6Z"6-8&?66"M885 ! E.M ! ! E.. !

PAGE 17

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

PAGE 18

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` % @;36%)6831 9 :;34, % @@3:%)@638 9 @:3@, % MSa 9 4%LCO.#%\2 " % 5636%)836 9 4637, % POG%&#'LR.# = % bL#=%#&#."#(C0%=#T'.G&#(G$%T'LG%54%& O(GEL % 663@%)1135 9 @@3@, % POG%&#'LR.#= % +#(F#=%'(%F(G#.T.#G#.%'G%'%&#=FC'?%H'CF?FG0$%T'LG% 54%& O(GEL % 2:34%)4@36 9 183;, % POG%&#'LR.#= % /GG&)=*%(*,4+H!/01B!/<)&*'%4!0*64!1%463%6)I!@A?00B!@)$%=*,&%8!A*+:!?%'(,&! 03&=)*88%4')!0>+()!',453'()5!*4!;C"D "" I!($)!$)%&*46 ! 7468*+$ 2 +9)%:)& ! +%<98)! "D ! R%+!-&,!5)9&)++*=)!5*+,&5)&O ! ;E ! ! ! ;F !

PAGE 19

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` % 5351%)73:5 9 5384, % 5348% )73:; 9 437@, % /GG&)=*%(*,4H!/01B!/<)&*'%4!0*64!1%463%6)O ! ;T ! ! ! .%(%!+,3&')+H ! Q$)!.)%-!/01 2 3+)&!+%<98)!R%+!-&,!',453'()5!*4! EC ! ;C"D "" I!($)!$)%&*46 ! 7468*+$ 2 +9)%:)& ! +%<98)!R%+!-&,+()< O "# % E; ! $ ! _,5)8+!%5^3+( )5 ! -,&!&%')!V ` $*()!=+!4,4 2 ` $*()ZB!%6)B! 6)45)& B!L*+9%4*'!)($4*'*(>B!)<98,><)4(!+(%(3+B! EE ! %45! )53'%(*,4!$*+(,&>O! a3(',<)!<,5)8!-,&! 6)4)&%8!9$>+*'%8!)W%< *4%(*,4 ! %8+,! %5^3+( )5 ! -,&!$)%8($! EF ! *4+3&%4')!+(%(3+O ! EJ ! ! EP ! ! ! ES !

PAGE 20

! ! ! F ! "#$%&!+ ( ! M&)%()+(!$)%8($!',4')&4+!,-!.)%-!/ <)&*'%4!0*64!1%463%6) 2 3+)&+ B!?8,&*5%B!;C"D ! ! ED ! G'#4&"*%<@%'$@ * =14&)*#A'=*DF 0 N8 * 5@*7*NO: * =14&)*#A'=* P QJ * 5@*7*QF: * R<*)#234' * 5@*7*FQ: * A#(G'?%E#'?GE ! % 54%)2232, % 54% )4637, % 41%)483@, % *T#CFHFC%CO(=FGFO(%)#"$%cOF(G%O.% &RLC?#%T'F($%C'(C#., % 1%)5535, % ;%)5838, % 52%)5636, % D#F"EG%&'('"#&#(G%)O[#L # % O.% OQ#._#F"EG, % :%)5;31, % 8%)5@3:, % 56%)5:3;, % PO%CO(C#.(L % 5%)438, % 4%)134, % 2%)23@, % XO(C#.(%(OG%LT#CFHF#= % 7 % 2%)@32, % 2%)23@, % AR?GFT?#%CO(C#.(L % 4%)63@, % 2%)@32, % 6%)@37, % *#`R'?%O.%.#T.O=RCGFQ#%E#'?GE % @%)5@3:, % 7 % @%):35, % +F'[#G#L%T.#Q#(GFO(%O.%&'('"#&#(G % 5%)438, % @%)5436, % :%)832, % X'.=FOQ'LCR?'.%E#'?GE % 2%)832, % 6%)5731, % 8 % );36, % ! ! .%(%!+,3&')H!?8,&*5%!.)%-!L)%8($!9*8,(!+3&=)>O "" % ET ! $ ! /<)&*'%4!0*64!1%463%6)!(&%4+8%(*,4!*4'835)5!)W%<98)+K)W9%4+*,4!,-!',4')9(+O!_)4(%8!$)%8($!',4')&4+! FC ! *4'835*46!%4W*)(>B!5)9&)++*,4B!%45!+(&)++!<%4%6)<)4(I!+)W3%8!,&!&)9&,53'(*=)!',4')&4+!*4'835*46! F" ! +)W3%88>! (&%4+<*(()5!5*+)%+)KLYb!9&)=)4(*,4B!',45,