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State Agencies Relating To Water Protection Law

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Title:
State Agencies Relating To Water Protection Law
Creator:
Olexa, Michael T.
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
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Fact Sheet

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Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"published January 1993."
General Note:
"FRE 124"

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University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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This document is copyrighted by the University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) for the people of the State of Florida. UF/IFAS retains all rights under all conventions, but permits free reproduction by all agents and offices of the Cooperative Extension Service and the people of the State of Florida. Permission is granted to others to use these materials in part or in full for educational purposes, provided that full credit is given to the UF/IFAS, citing the publication, its source, and date of publication.

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StateAgenciesRelatingtoWaterProtectionLaw1 M.T.Olexa2DEPARTMENTOFENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION,(DER),F.A.C.TITLE.TheDepartmentofEnvironmentalRegulation wascreatedbytheFloridaEnvironmental ReorganizationActof1975.Itsprimaryresponsibility istopreservetheenvironmentalintegrityofFlorida's airandwater.Althoughthisincludesalargenumber ofduties,onlythosedutiesrelevanttothescopeof thisseriesarediscussed.Theseinclude: thepermittingofdredgingandfillinginwatersof thestate, administrationoftheWaterResourcesActof 1972,Chapter373FloridaStatutes(Consumptive WaterUse), reviewofwatercontroldistricts, regulationofair,waterandnoisepollution, solidandhazardouswastemanagement, protectionofpublicdrinkingwatersupplies, thepreventionorcleanupofpollutantspillsor dischargesintoinlandwatersorlandsofthestate, administrationofsuchfederalactsastheClean WaterActandtheSafeDrinkingWaterActin Florida.WhoDoestheDERSharePowersWith?TheDepartmentofEnvironmentalRegulation hasspecificallydelegatedtothewatermanagement districts(WMDs)powertoadministerandenforce theprovisionsofChapter373oftheFloridaStatutes. TheDERhasmadetwootherdelegationstothe DNRandtheDACS. DepartmentofNaturalResourcesisauthorizedto administerpermitsfordischargesofchemicals, biologicalagents,andothersubstancesforthe purposeofaquaticweedandalgaecontrol. DepartmentofAgriculture&ConsumerServices regulatescertainopenburningactivitiesthrough theDivisionofForestry.HowIstheDERStructured?TheDepartmentofEnvironmentalRegulationis dividedintofivedivisionsandtheofficeofthe GeneralCounsel.Ofthese,thefourmostimportant are: AdministrativeandTechnicalServices, AirResources, WaterFacilities,and WasteManagement. DistrictofficesofDERcontaintheirown structurewhichisusuallysimilartotheTallahassee 1.ThisdocumentisFRE124,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Itwas publishedJanuary1993. 2.M.T.Olexa,AssociateProfessor,FoodandResourceEconomics,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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StateAgenciesRelatingtoWaterProtectionLaw Page2headquarters.Collectively,theDistrictsare responsibleforpolicy,planningandrule-making activities.EachdistrictisheadedbyaDirectorof DistrictManagement.Responsibilitiesforpermitting, compliancemonitoring,andenforcementactivitiesare splitbetweenheadquartersanddistrictoffices, althoughthedistrictsdomostoftheworkinthese areas.WATERMANAGEMENTDISTRICTS,(WMD), F.A.C.TITLE.ExceptfortheSouthFloridaandtheSouthwest FloridaWaterManagementDistricts,whichwere createdstatutorilytoaddressfloodingandwater shortageproblems,theWaterManagementDistricts werecreatedaspublicagenciespursuanttoChapter 373,FloridaStatutes,knownastheFloridaWater ResourcesActof1972.TheWMDsplayavery significantroleintheregulationofthefarmer'swater controlanduse. TheWMDs'responsibilitiesinclude: Managementofwaterandrelatedlandresources viapromotionofconservation. Properutilizationofsurfaceandgroundwater resources. Regulationofdams,impoundments,reservoirs, andotherstructurestoaltersurfacewater movement. Combattingdamagefromfloods,soilerosion,and excessivedrainage. Assistinglocalgovernmentsindeveloping comprehensivewatermanagementplans, particularlybyprovidingdataonwaterresources. Toaccomplishthis,WMDsareauthorizedto performvariousfieldinvestigationsandto provideworksforthebeneficialstorageofwater. Maintenanceofnavigableriversandharborsand thepromotionofthehealth,safetyandgeneral welfareofthepeopleofthestate.Directly attachedtothisgeneralwelfareconsiderationis thepowertoimplementwatershortage emergencyplans. Participationinfloodcontrolprograms,andthe reclamation,conservationandprotectionoflands fromwatersurplusordeficiencies. Maintainingwatermanagementandusefacilities ofthedistrictanddeterminingthelevelsofwater tobemaintainedinthedistrictbodiesofwater. Todoso,districtsmayestablishminimumflows fortheirworksandwatercoursesbelowwhich furtherwithdrawalswouldbesignificantlyharmful tothewaterresourcesorecology.Thisalso involvestheestablishmentofminimumwater levelsforsurfacewaterandgroundwater.WhatIstheWMD'sStructure?Eachdistrictisrunbyagoverningboard consistingofninemembers,excepttheSouthwest FloridaWaterManagementDistrictwhichhaseleven. Themembersservefouryeartermsandare appointedbythegovernorandconfirmedbythestate. Thegoverningboardsetsthepoliciesthatwillbest effectuatethedistrict'spowers.Generally,an executivedirectorisresponsiblefortheoperationof thedistrictincludingtheimplementationofpolicies andrules.Typically,eachdistrictisdividedinto departmentswhichhandlethevariouspermitting programs.Eachdistrictisfullyequippedtoconduct itsowninspections,testing,andimpactstudies. Onedistrict,theSouthwestFloridaWater ManagementDistrict,isfurtherdividedinto watershedbasins,whichareoverseenbybasinboards. Theboardmustconsistofatleastthreepeople,one fromeachmembercounty.Basinboardmembers haveauthoritytoprepareengineeringplansfor developmentofwaterresources,developsecondary water-useplans,submitanannualbudget,approve constructionplansforworksofthedistrict,andplan andprovideassistancetolocalwatersupply authorities.WhatDotheWMDsGivePermitsFor?WaterManagementDistrictsgoverningboard powersincludeadministeringthepermitprogramsof Chapter373,FloridaStatutes.Thus,WMDsare responsibleforpermitting: wells, managementandstorageofsurfacewaters,and consumptiveusesofwater.

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StateAgenciesRelatingtoWaterProtectionLaw Page3EachWMDhasspecificcriteriadetailingthe typesofactivitiesthatrequirepermits,thecontentsof permitapplications,theproceduresthatsurround submissionofanapplication,andareasspecifically exemptedfrompermittingrequirements. TheGovernorandCabinet,sittingastheLand andWaterAdjudicatoryCommission,haveauthority toreviewanyorderorruleofaWMD.WhatIstheStateWaterQualityPlan?TheDepartmentofEnvironmentalRegulation hasbeendirectedtopreparethestatewateruseplan andtofosterto"thegreatestextentpossible" interagencyagreementstoachievetheStateWater QualityPlan.Thewateruseplanisdevelopedby DERthroughconsultationwithfederal,state,and localagencies,andparticularlytheWater ManagementDistricts.Theplanincludesallwaterin thestate.Itsmainpurposeistorecognizevarious interestscompetingforwateruserightsandto allocatefortheserightswhileretainingreasonable waterqualityandquantitycontrol,thuspromotingthe goalsofenvironmentalprotection,properdrainage, floodcontrolandwaterstorage. Inaddition,theStateWaterQualityPlanlinks thepurposesoftheFloridaWaterResourcesActwith thepurposesoftheFloridaAirandWaterPollution ControlAct,Chapter403,throughitswaterquality standards.ThenetresultisthattheDERretains centralresponsibilityforthecollectionofscientific dataandinformationregardingwaterresources,with thecentralpermittingresponsibilitiesbeingassigned toWMDs. TheDERalsoretainsdirectregulatorypower over: pointsourcedischarges, dredgeandfillactivities, groundwaterdischarges, solidandhazardouswasteconcerns,and leakingundergroundstoragetanks. Incontrast,WMDsarelargelyresponsibleforissuing permitsforvarioustypesofwateruse,andarethe governmentalbodiesinchargeofallocationand controlofwaterresourcesforwhichtherearemany competinginterests.WhatCantheWMDsTax?Mostindicativeoftheirbroadpowersisthe abilityofWaterManagementDistrictstolevy ad valoremtaxes (propertytaxes).Advaloremtaxesare leviedbasedonthevalueofthepropertyinquestion. TheFloridaConstitutionestablishesamillagecap, andmillageratesareadditionallylimitedbystatute. EachWMDisdifferent.Taxingauthorityis vestedintheWMDswithbasinboards.Basinboards mayrequestthattaxesbelevied,butmaynotimpose taxesthemselves.Aswithothergovernmenttax provisions,failuretopaycanresultinalienonthe taxedproperty,includingthehomestead,and, ultimately,thevestingoftitlebytaxforfeitureinthe state.GAME&FRESHWATERFISHCOMMISSION, (GFWFC),F.A.C.TITLE.ThisagencywascreatedbyArticleIV,Section9, ofthe1968FloridaConstitution.Thepurposeofthe agencyisthemanagement,protectionand conservationofwildanimallifeandfreshwater aquaticlife.Someoftheagency'sactivitiesinclude: habitatimprovement, research, inspectionofconstructionanddevelopment projects, developmentofpublicrecreationalareas, runningaconservationinformationservice program, updatingalistofthreatenedandendangered freshwateraquaticandlandspecies. TheDepartmentofNaturalResourceshasalist ofmarinespeciesandtheU.S.Departmentof Interiormaintainsanationallist.Thekilling, harassmentordestructionoftheseanimalsortheir nestsoreggsisillegal. AlthoughtheGameandFreshWaterFish Commissionhasjurisdictionoveranyfreshrunning watersofthestate,theDERistheagencyprimarily responsibleforenforcementofwaterregulations. Jurisdictionaldirectivesinthisareaareoverlapping, asmanyagencieshavebeengrantedtheauthorityto addressthisconcern.

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StateAgenciesRelatingtoWaterProtectionLaw Page4DEPARTMENTOFAGRICULTURE& CONSUMERSERVICES,(DACS),F.A.C. TITLE.TheDepartmentofAgricultureandConsumer Servicescarriesoutfunctionsrelatedtofarming practicesandproducts.Responsibilitiesinclude: theregistration,labelingandinspectionof commercialfertilizers,pesticidesandgasolines andoils, registration(i.e.licensingandregulation)of pesticideapplicators,and soilandwaterconservation. Liketheotherstateagencies,DACSisdivided intodivisions,eachwithaseparateconcern.Theyare: InspectionDivision:responsiblefortheadministration andenforcementoflawsrelatingtofertilizersand pesticides.Thisdivisionhastheauthoritytoinspect commoditiesandfarms,torequireregistrationand licensingofproducts,todestroyviolativeproducts,to stopthesaleofgoodsandtoseekjudicial interventionwhereappropriate. ChemistryDivision:testspesticidesandfertilizersto assurethattheymeetstatestandards. StandardsDivision :responsibleforpetroleumand undergroundtankinspections.Itsfunctionsinclude testingfuelqualityandassuringfueldispenser,scale andmeasuringdeviceaccuracy. DivisionofForestry:managesforestresources. WithinthisdivisionistheBureauofForestResources andEconomicPlanningwhichincludestheWatershed ProtectionSection(WPS).TheWPSoffers professionalhydrology(waterusescience)servicesto thepublicandotherstateagencies.Itisalso responsiblefordevelopingthesilviculture(forestry) elementsoftheStateWaterQualityPlan.Most importantly,theWPSmonitorsimpactsofwater regulationonforestryandcouldbemosthelpfulin assistingthefarmerinmanaginganyforestresources whichhemightpossess. DivisionofAdministration:employsstafftoadminister soilandwaterconservationprogramandcoordinate effortswiththe63organizedSoilandWater ConservationDistricts.Thisdivisionalsoincludesthe BureauofSoilandWaterConservation.DEPARTMENTOFHEALTH& REHABILITATIVESERVICES,(DHRS),F.A.C. TITLE.TheDepartmentofHealthandRehabilitative Servicesislargelyresponsibleforimplementing procedurestopreservethepublichealth.Farmers mustbeconcernedwithDHRSwhentheyare involvedinactivitieswhichmightpollutepublic drinkingsupplies.Ofparticularconcerntothe agencyissewagepollutionoftheState'sgroundwater. Thedepartmentissuespermitsforconstructionor installationofon-sitesewagedisposalsystems.These permitsincluderequirementsfor: distanceandsetbacksfromwellsandsurface waters, soilconditions, watertableelevation,and dailyflowthresholds. WrittenpermitsfromDHRSarerequiredforany corporationorpersondischarginganysewageor draininganysurfacewatersintotheunderground watersofthestatewhenthedischargeiswithin5 milesofthecitylimits.Unlawfuldepositionoffilth orpollutingsubstancescanbepunishedbythe Department.DEPARTMENTOFNATURALRESOURCES, (DNR),F.A.C.TITLE.TheDepartmentofNaturalResourcessupervises anddevelopstheState'snaturalresourcesand managesstate-ownedlands.Importantfunctionsof theagencyinclude: AdministrationofthePollutantDischargeAct. TheActaddressespollutionofcertaincoastal waters. Regulationofinjectionwellsandwellsrelatedto oilexploration. Regulationofdrillingongovernmentowned submergedlandsandwetlands. Controlofnoxiousaquaticweeds.Farmers attemptingtocontrolaquaticweedsoralgae underaprogramapprovedbyDNRor,inthe caseofinsectcontrol,aprogramapprovedbythe DepartmentofAgricultureandConsumer

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StateAgenciesRelatingtoWaterProtectionLaw Page5servicesshouldcheckwithotheragenciestobe certaintheyareexemptfromotherstatutory mandatesthattheydischargenowastesinto Floridawaters.