La Piramide de Alimentos para Ninos

Material Information

La Piramide de Alimentos para Ninos
Alternate Title:
La Pirámide de Alimentos para Niños
Valentín-Oquendo, Isabel
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Publication Date:
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Fact Sheet


Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
General Note:
"Marzo 1999."
General Note:
"FCS 1095"

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Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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This document is copyrighted by the University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) for the people of the State of Florida. UF/IFAS retains all rights under all conventions, but permits free reproduction by all agents and offices of the Cooperative Extension Service and the people of the State of Florida. Permission is granted to others to use these materials in part or in full for educational purposes, provided that full credit is given to the UF/IFAS, citing the publication, its source, and date of publication.


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Food Guide Pyramid for Young Children Pyramid Basics: Helping your child eat to grow and stay healthyThe Food Guide Pyramid shows us how to make food choices for a healthy diet. There are five major food groups in the Food Guide Pyramid: grains, vegetables, fruits, milk, and meat. Each of these food groups provide a variety of nutrients that children need to grow and to be active. Its important to remember that all the food groups are important. Children need to eat a variety of foods to get all the nutrients they need to be healthy. Child-size Servings: !Younger children often eat small portions of foods. Offer smaller servings and allow them to ask for more. (You will also end up wasting less food!).!Serving sizes for children 2 to 3 years old are about b bb b of a regular serving for adults. This means a little less than cup of cooked rice or pasta or b bb bof a slice of bread.!Serving sizes for children 4 to 6 years old are the same as regular serving sizes recommended for adults in the Food Guide Pyramid.!Offer new foods in small portionsperhaps 1 or 2 tablespoons of the new food. Children accept new foods that are familiar to them, so offer the new food more than once. The following food portions listed under the five major food groups are recommended for anyone over 4 years of age. Remember that children 2 to 3 years old need smaller portions but the number of servings needed is the same as for older children. Serving sizes for the Milk group remains the same for every child 2 years old and over. Grain Group Choices: (6 servings each day): cup cooked brown rice! cup cooked oatmeal!2-3 graham cracker squares! cup cooked rice or pasta!1 ounce ready-to-eat whole grain cereal! English muffin or bagel! cup cooked grits!1-4 inch pancake!1 slice white, wheat, French or Italian bread


Grain Products with more fat and sugars (use occasionally):!1 small biscuit or muffin!9 animal crackers!1 small piece cornbread Vegetable Group Choices (3 servings each day): cup cooked collard greens!1 cup vegetable soup!1 cup leafy raw mixed green salad!1 whole carrots, cooked!10 french fries, regular size! cup lima beans! cup green peas or green beans!1 medium plantain!1 medium tomato! cup coleslaw! cup cooked black, kidney, pinto, garbanzo beans, black-eye peas or split peas Fruit Group Choices (2 servings each day): medium cantaloup! medium mango!1 medium orange!2 medium apricots!7 medium strawberries! cup watermelon pieces! cup applesauce!1 medium apple, banana, peach, or nectarine! cup 100% citrus juice (orange)!grapefruit half!12 grapes (may cause choking in 2 to 3year old children) Milk Group Choices (2 servings each day): One (1) milk group serving equals!1 cup milk!8 ounces yogurt!1 cup soy milk, calcium-fortified!1 ounces natural cheese!2 ounces process cheese Half () a milk group serving equals:! cup pudding! cup frozen yogurt Meat Group Choices (2 servings each day): Children 2 to 3 years old need about 3 ounces of lean meat a day. Children 4 to 6 years old need 5 ounces of lean meat a day. Count as 2 ounces of lean meat:!2 ounces of cooked lean meat!2 ounces poultry or fish Count as 1 ounce of lean meat:!1 whole egg! cup tofu! cup cooked kidney, pinto, or white beans!2 tablespoons peanut butter (may cause choking in 2 to 3-years old children)


This information is adapted from: Tips for using the Food Guide Pyramid for Young Children 2 to 6 years old, USDA, March 1999. Reviewed: March 2001. Prepared by: Isabel Valentin-Oquendo, Family Nutrition Program. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Equal Access Employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin. COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE, HOME ECONOMICS, STATE OF FLORIDA, IFAS, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, AND BOARDS OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS COOPERATING, 4/ 1999 and 3/2001Mealtime Supervision Caregivers should always watch children at mealtime and snack time. Children 2 to 3 years old are at risk of choking on foods. The risk decreases as they reach age 4. Foods that may cause choking include:!frankfurters (hot dogs)!marshmallows!chunks of meat!pretzels!chips!raw carrots or celery!nuts and seeds!popcorn!spoonful of peanut butter!raisins!whole grapes Some of these foods can be offered if you just change how they are served:!Cut hot dogs into thin strips.!Cook carrots/celery until slightly soft, then cut into sticks.!Spread peanut butter thin on crackers or toast. Get children involved in meal preparation Children enjoy helping in the kitchen and often are more willing to eat foods they help prepare. Involve your child in planning and preparing some meals and snacks for the family. It is important that you give kitchen tasks appropriate for your childs age so they can complete the tasks without a problem. Meal preparation activities for young children: !Wipe table tops (2-year-olds)!Wash salad green (2-year-olds)!Bring ingredients from one place to another (2-year-olds)!Pour liquids (3-year-olds)!Spread soft spreads (3-year-olds)!Mix ingredients (3-year-olds)!Peel oranges or hard cooked eggs (4-year-olds)!Mash bananas using fork (4-year-olds)!Set table (4-year-olds)!Cut with blunt knife (5-to-6-year-olds)!Measure ingredients (5-6 year-olds)


La Pirmide de Alimentos para Nios Principios de la Pirmide: Ayudando a su nio a comer para crecer y mantenerse saludable. La Pirmide de Alimentos nos muestra los alimentos que necesitamos para tener una dieta saludable. Existen cinco grupos de alimentos en la pirmide: cereales, vegetales (verduras), frutas, lcteos y carnes. Cada grupo provee una variedad de nutrientes que los nios necesitan para crecer y estar activos. Es importante que recuerde que todos los grupos de alimentos son importantes Los nios necesitan comer una variedad de alimentos para recibir los nutrientes que le ayudarn a mantenerse saludables. Porciones de Alimento para Nios !Los nios pequeos a menudo comen porciones pequeas de alimentos. Sirva porciones pequeas y deje que ellos pidan ms si quieren. (Adems evitar desperdiciar comida).!El tamao de las porciones para nios entre las edades de 2 a 3 aos es aproximadamenteb del tamao de una porcin para adultos. O sea, un poco menos de taza de arroz cocido o pasta cocida o un poco ms de la mitad de una rebanada de pan.!El tamao de las porciones para nios entre las edades de 4 a 6 aos corresponde al tamao de una porcin para adultos segn aparece en la Pirmide de Alimentos.!Ofrezca alimentos nuevos en porciones pequeas1 2 cucharadas del alimento. Los nios prefieren comer alimentos que le son familiares as que sirva el alimento nuevo que quiere que ellos prueben ms de una vez. La siguiente lista de porciones de alimentos, agrupados de acuerdo al grupo de alimentos, se recomienda para cualquier persona mayor de 4 aos de edad. Recuerde que los nios entre los 2 y 3 aos de edad necesitan comer porciones ms pequeas, pero el nmero de porciones que necesitan todos los das es igual que para los nios mayores. El tamao de las porciones de alimentos en el grupo de los lcteos es igual para todo nio mayor de 2 aos. Grupo de los Cereales (6 porciones al da) taza arroz integral! taza avena cocida!2-3 galletas Graham! taza arroz o pasta cocida!1 onza cereal integral listo para comer! rosca de pan o mollete ingls! taza harina de maz a medio molergrits, cocido!1 (4 pulgadas) panqueque!1 rebanada de pan blanco, de trigo, francs o italiano


Cereales que tienen ms grasa y azcar (use ocasionalmente):!1 mollete pequeo!1 pedazo pequeo de pan de!9 galletas de animalitos (animal crackers) maz Grupo de los Vegetales (3 porciones al da) taza hojas verdes de col rizada, cocida!1 taza sopa de vegetales!1 taza hojas verdes para ensalada, crudas!1 zanahoria, cocida!10 papitas fritas! taza habas, cocida! taza guisantes o habichuelas tiernas, cocidas!1 pltano mediano!1 tomate mediano! taza ensalada de repollo! taza frijoles cocidos Grupo de las Frutas (2 porciones al da) meln amarillo mediano! mango mediano!1 naranja mediana!2 albaricoques (chabacano)!7 fresas medianas medianos! taza trozos de sanda! taza pur de manzanas!1 manzana, banana o melocotn mediano!12 uvas (nios de 2-3 aos de! taza 100% jugo ctrico edad pueden ahogarse con este!mitad de una toronja alimento) Grupo de los Lcteos (2 porciones al da) Una (1) porcin de leche es igual a:!1 taza leche!8 onzas yogur!1 taza leche de soya, fortificada con calcio!1 onzas queso natural!2 onzas queso procesado La mitad () de una porcin de leche es igual a:! taza natilla! taza yogur congelado Grupo de las Carnes (2 porciones al da) Los nios entre las edades de 2 a 3 aos necesitan aproximadamente 3 onzas de carne magra (baja en grasa) al da. Los nios de 4 a 6 aos necesitan 5 onzas de carne magra al da. Dos (2) onzas de carne magra es:!2 onzas de carne magra cocida!2 onzas de pollo o pescado Los siguientes alimentos equivalen a una (1) onza de carne magra:!1 huevo o blanquillo entero! taza tofu! taza frijoles cocidos!2 cucharadas crema de man (cacahuates) (nios de 2-3 aos de edad pueden ahogarse con este alimento)


Supervisin a la Hora de Comer A los nios se les debe supervisar durante las horas de comida y de meriendas. Los nios entre los 2 y 3 aos de edad estn a riesgo de ahogarse con ciertos alimentos. El riesgo disminuye a medida que se acercan a los 4 aos. El nio se puede ahogar con los siguientes alimentos:!carne de perro caliente (hot dog)!malvaviscos!trozos de carne!pretzels!patatas fritas!zanahoria o apio crudo!nueces y semillas!palomitas de maz!cucharadas de crema de man!pasas!uvas enteras Usted podr ofrecerle a sus nios algunos de estos alimentos si hace lo siguiente:!Corte la carne de perro caliente a lo largo, formando tirillas.!Cocine la zanahoria/apio hasta que estn ligeramente suaves y luego corte a lo largo.!Unte una capa fina de crema de man sobre galletas de soda o pan tostado. Participacin de los nios en los preparativos para la comida A los nios les gusta ayudar en la cocina y a menudo estn dispuestos a probar alimentos que ellos ayudan a preparar. Deje que su nio le ayude a planificar y preparar algunas comidas y meriendas para la familia. Pero es importante que al nio se le asignen tareas apropiadas para su edad para que as el/ella puedan completar la tarea sin problema. Tareas relacionadas a la preparacin de comidas que son apropiadas para los nios :!Limpiar las mesas (2 aos de edad)!Lavar las hojas de lechuga (2 aos de edad)!Llevar los ingredientes de un lugar a otro (2 aos de edad)!Servir lquidos (3 aos de edad)!Mezclar ingredientes (3 aos de edad)!Pelar naranjas o huevos hervidos duros (4 aos de edad)!Majar bananas usando un tenedor (4 aos de edad)!Arreglar la mesa (4 aos de edad)!Cortar alimentos usando un cuchillo sin filo (5 a 6 aos de edad)!Medir ingredientes (5 a 6 aos de edad)Esta informacin es una adaptacin de la publicacin titulada: Tips for using the Food Guide Pyramid for Young Children 2 to 6 years old , USDA, Marzo 1999. Preparado por: Isabel Valentn-Oquendo, Programa de Nutricin de la Familia. El Instituto de Alimentos y Ciencias Agrcolas es un patrono de Accin Afirmativa/Igualdad de Oportunidades que est autorizado a proveer investigaciones, informacin educativa y otros servicios a individuos e instituciones que funcionan sin hacer diferencia de raza, color, sexo, edad, condicin fsica u origen nacional. El Servicio de Extensin Cooperativa es parte de Agricultura, Ciencias de la Familia y del Consumidor, Estado de Florida, IFAS U niversidad de Florida, Departamento de Agricultura de los Estados Unidos con la cooperacion de la Junta de Comisionados de los Condados, 4/1999 and 3/2001