Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002132/00001
 Material Information
Title: Food Guide Pyramid for Young Children
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Valentín-Oquendo, Isabel
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1999
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "March 1999. Reviewed: March 2001."
General Note: "FCS 1094"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002132:00001

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Food Guide Pyramid for Young Children Pyramid Basics: Helping your child eat to grow and stay healthyThe Food Guide Pyramid shows us how to make food choices for a healthy diet. There are five major food groups in the Food Guide Pyramid: grains, vegetables, fruits, milk, and meat. Each of these food groups provide a variety of nutrients that children need to grow and to be active. Its important to remember that all the food groups are important. Children need to eat a variety of foods to get all the nutrients they need to be healthy. Child-size Servings: !Younger children often eat small portions of foods. Offer smaller servings and allow them to ask for more. (You will also end up wasting less food!).!Serving sizes for children 2 to 3 years old are about b bb b of a regular serving for adults. This means a little less than cup of cooked rice or pasta or b bb bof a slice of bread.!Serving sizes for children 4 to 6 years old are the same as regular serving sizes recommended for adults in the Food Guide Pyramid.!Offer new foods in small portionsperhaps 1 or 2 tablespoons of the new food. Children accept new foods that are familiar to them, so offer the new food more than once. The following food portions listed under the five major food groups are recommended for anyone over 4 years of age. Remember that children 2 to 3 years old need smaller portions but the number of servings needed is the same as for older children. Serving sizes for the Milk group remains the same for every child 2 years old and over. Grain Group Choices: (6 servings each day): cup cooked brown rice! cup cooked oatmeal!2-3 graham cracker squares! cup cooked rice or pasta!1 ounce ready-to-eat whole grain cereal! English muffin or bagel! cup cooked grits!1-4 inch pancake!1 slice white, wheat, French or Italian bread


Grain Products with more fat and sugars (use occasionally):!1 small biscuit or muffin!9 animal crackers!1 small piece cornbread Vegetable Group Choices (3 servings each day): cup cooked collard greens!1 cup vegetable soup!1 cup leafy raw mixed green salad!1 whole carrots, cooked!10 french fries, regular size! cup lima beans! cup green peas or green beans!1 medium plantain!1 medium tomato! cup coleslaw! cup cooked black, kidney, pinto, garbanzo beans, black-eye peas or split peas Fruit Group Choices (2 servings each day): medium cantaloup! medium mango!1 medium orange!2 medium apricots!7 medium strawberries! cup watermelon pieces! cup applesauce!1 medium apple, banana, peach, or nectarine! cup 100% citrus juice (orange)!grapefruit half!12 grapes (may cause choking in 2 to 3year old children) Milk Group Choices (2 servings each day): One (1) milk group serving equals!1 cup milk!8 ounces yogurt!1 cup soy milk, calcium-fortified!1 ounces natural cheese!2 ounces process cheese Half () a milk group serving equals:! cup pudding! cup frozen yogurt Meat Group Choices (2 servings each day): Children 2 to 3 years old need about 3 ounces of lean meat a day. Children 4 to 6 years old need 5 ounces of lean meat a day. Count as 2 ounces of lean meat:!2 ounces of cooked lean meat!2 ounces poultry or fish Count as 1 ounce of lean meat:!1 whole egg! cup tofu! cup cooked kidney, pinto, or white beans!2 tablespoons peanut butter (may cause choking in 2 to 3-years old children)


This information is adapted from: Tips for using the Food Guide Pyramid for Young Children 2 to 6 years old, USDA, March 1999. Reviewed: March 2001. Prepared by: Isabel Valentin-Oquendo, Family Nutrition Program. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Equal Access Employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin. COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE, HOME ECONOMICS, STATE OF FLORIDA, IFAS, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, AND BOARDS OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS COOPERATING, 4/ 1999 and 3/2001Mealtime Supervision Caregivers should always watch children at mealtime and snack time. Children 2 to 3 years old are at risk of choking on foods. The risk decreases as they reach age 4. Foods that may cause choking include:!frankfurters (hot dogs)!marshmallows!chunks of meat!pretzels!chips!raw carrots or celery!nuts and seeds!popcorn!spoonful of peanut butter!raisins!whole grapes Some of these foods can be offered if you just change how they are served:!Cut hot dogs into thin strips.!Cook carrots/celery until slightly soft, then cut into sticks.!Spread peanut butter thin on crackers or toast. Get children involved in meal preparation Children enjoy helping in the kitchen and often are more willing to eat foods they help prepare. Involve your child in planning and preparing some meals and snacks for the family. It is important that you give kitchen tasks appropriate for your childs age so they can complete the tasks without a problem. Meal preparation activities for young children: !Wipe table tops (2-year-olds)!Wash salad green (2-year-olds)!Bring ingredients from one place to another (2-year-olds)!Pour liquids (3-year-olds)!Spread soft spreads (3-year-olds)!Mix ingredients (3-year-olds)!Peel oranges or hard cooked eggs (4-year-olds)!Mash bananas using fork (4-year-olds)!Set table (4-year-olds)!Cut with blunt knife (5-to-6-year-olds)!Measure ingredients (5-6 year-olds)