Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002119/00001
 Material Information
Title: Minimizing Food Safety Hazards for Organic Growers
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: SImonne, Amy
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2008
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Original publication date September 2008."
General Note: "FCS8872"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002119:00001

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FCS8868 Binge-Eating Disorder1 Eboni J. Baugh2 1. This document is FCS8868, one of a series of the Family, Youth and Community Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication date August 2008. Visit the EDIS Web site at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. Eboni J. Baugh, assistant professor, Family, Youth and Community Sciences, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Larry Arrington, Dean Binge Eating Binge eating occurs when an individual repeatedly consumes large amounts of food over a very short period. Reportedly, 4.5% of people have experienced a binge episode at least once in their lifetime, while 2.8% have been diagnosed with binge eating disorder. Binge eating affects both males and females, although females are slightly more prone to episodes (4.0% and 4.9% respectively). Information about binge eating, and the subsequent development of binge-eating disorder, is gaining increased attention among researchers and practitioners. Binge-Eating Disorder Binge-eating disorder is a diagnosable psychiatric disorder. It occurs when an individual experiences a lack of control over the amount of food eaten and the frequency of consumption, in which that food is consumed at least two days a week, for at least a six-month period. During these periods, an individual must experience at least three of the following: Eating at a faster pace than usual Eating until overly full (feeling stuffed) Eating large amounts of food when not hungry Eating alone due to embarrassment about the amount of food consumed Feelings of disgust, guilt, or depression due to the overeating Individuals also experience distress from the binge eating which manifests as problems in their personal relationships and/or work. Causes of Binge Eating Binge eating, for some, is used as a therapeutic tool to cope with negative feelings. In order to compensate for feelings of guilt, regret, and disgust following binge episodes, many bingers will binge again. People who binge also report feeling stress and pressure released through the binge-eating process. Others view an episode of binge eating as a zone out or a way to distance themselves from their problems. Binge eating has been linked to other mental and physical health problems such as depression, anxiety, personality disorders, and obesity. Most binge eaters


Binge-Eating Disorder 2 are overweight, and those with diagnosed binge-eating disorder are usually obese. Risk Factors Although women are more often affected by binge eating, it is still an area of concern for males. Approximately two men for every three women suffer from binge-eating disorder. Binge eaters are usually overweight and/or obese, with at least a brief history of depression and/or other emotional issues. Many have struggled with their weight and utilized measures such as yo-yo dieting, laxatives and diuretic use, and exercise as a means to lose weight in the past. Mounting evidence shows that eating disorders such as binge eating do not affect only young, white women/girls. In fact, all ethnic groups are at risk for binge eating, often suffering more than their white peers. Given the link between obesity and binge eating, the vast numbers of women of color who are obese are at risk for developing binge-eating disorder. Risk factors or characteristics linked to binge-eating disorder Frequent dieting (although some binge eaters have never dieted) Previous sexual abuse Preoccupation with body shape, size, and weight Overweight and obesity (more common in the severely obese) Health problems as a result of excessive weight gain, including but not limited to: Diabetes High blood pressure Cancer Heart disease High cholesterol Gall bladder disease Treatment Options for Binge-Eating Disorder Treatments for binge-eating disorders are comparable to those used in treating bulimia because of the similarities between the two, with the exception of compensatory behaviors associated with bulimia such as purging, excessive exercise, and the use of diuretics and laxatives. Anti-depressants are usually prescribed to reduce depression, therefore reducing the number of binging episodes. In more extreme cases, appetite suppressants are given to curb feelings of hunger. Therapy has also been shown to be effective in treating this disorder. Psychotherapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) are used to uncover and treat underlying psychological issues that may be catalysts for the binge eating. Group and family therapy is also effective in treating individuals and their families suffering from this disorder. Additional Information American Psychological Association www.apa.org Anorexia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders, Inc. www.anred.com National Eating Disorders Association www.edap.org National Institutes of Mental Health www.nimh.nih.gov References Allison, K.C., Grilo, C. M., Mesheb, R. M. & Stunkard, A. J. (2005). Binge eating disorder and night eating syndrome: A comparative study of disordered eating, Journal of tConsulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, pp. 1107-115. Hudson, J.L., Hiripi, E., Pope, H. G., Kessler, R.C. (2007). The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the National Co morbidity Survey Replication, Biological Psychiatry,t61, pp. 348-358.


Binge-Eating Disorder 3 National Institutes on Mental Health. (2006). Binge eating disorder. Retrieved January 15, 2008 tfrom http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eatingdisorders/binge-eating-disorder.shtml National Institutes on Mental Health. (2007). Eating Disorders: Facts About Eating Disorders and the Search for Solutions. Retrieved January 14, 2008 from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eatingdisorders-facts-about-eating-disorders-and-the-searchfor-solutions.shtml#ed3 Striegel-Moore, R. H., Wilfley, D. E., Pike, tK. M., Dohm, F. & Fairburn, C. G. (2000). Recurrent Binge Eating in Black American Women, Archives of Family Medicine, 9, pp. 83 87. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (September 2004). Binge eating disorder. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from http://win.niddk.nih.gov/publications/ binge.htm#howcommon