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FSHN02-6 Facts About Citrus Fruits and Juices: Grapefruit1 Gail C. Rampersaud2 Grapefruit is a mediumto large-sized c itrus fruit. It is larger than most oranges and the fruit may be flattened at both ends. The skin is mostly yellow but may include shades of green, white, or pink. Skin color is not a sign of ripeness. Grapefruit ar e fully ripe when picked. Popular varieties of Florida grapefruit include: Marsh White white to amber colored flesh and almost seedless. Ruby Red pink to reddish colored flesh with few seeds. Flame red flesh and mostly seedless. 1. This document is FSHN026, one of a series of the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Publication: September 2002. Reviewed by: R.E. Turner, Ph.D., associa te professor; and G.P. Kauwell, Ph.D. associate professor, both of the Food Science and Human Nutriti on Department, Cooperative Extension Service Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Ga inesville, FL 32611-0370. Please visit the EDIS Web Site at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu 2. G.C. Rampersaud, M.S., assistant in, Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute o f Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0370. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sci ences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide resea rch, educational Compared to most citrus fruits, grapefruit have an extended growing season and several Florida varieties grow from September through June. Fresh citrus can be stored in any cool, dry place but will last longer if stor ed in the refrigerator. Do not store fresh grapefruit in plastic bags or filmwrapped trays since this may cause mold to grow on the fruit. Whether you choose white or pink grapefruit or grapefruit juice, youll get great taste and a variety of health benefits Read on. like grapes! Imposter!! Did you know Grapefruit was first discovered in the West Indies and introduced to Florida in the 1820s. Most grapefruit in the U.S. is still grown in Florida. Grapefruit got its name because it grows in clusters on the tree, just information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Fl orida Cooperative Extension Service / Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences / University of Florida / Christine Taylor Waddill, Dean

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Facts About Citrus Fruits and Juices: Grapefruit Page 2 Grapefruit is heart healthy. It has no fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, or sodium. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice are great-tasting natural foods that have many health benefits In fact, half of a medium, fresh pink Florida grapefruit provides: 60 calories 100% or more of the Da ily Value for vitamin C Other important vitamins and minerals such as potassium, vitamin A, folate, thiamin, niacin, and magnesium Fiber (grapefruit juice is not a significant source of fiber) Phytochemicals, such as lyc opene, that are thought to reduce the risk for chronic diseases like cancer Calcium (especially in calcium -fortified grapefruit juice) Florida Sunshine Shake 1cup Florida orange juice cup Florida grapefruit juice 1 ripe banana cup low-fat vanilla yogurt teaspoon vanilla extract Combine all ingredients in blender until smooth. Pour into glass, and serve immediately. Makes two 8-ounce servings. NUTRITION TIP : Use calcium-fortified orange and grapefruit juice to increase calcium intake! NUTRITION FACTS PER SERVING: 190 calories, 5 g protein, 40 g carbohydrate, 1 g fat (0.5 g saturated fat), 60 mg vitamin C, 650 mg potassium, 40 mg sodium, 2 g fiber. Recipe courtesy of the Florida Department of Citrus Grapefruit Juice and Medications Certain cholesterol-lowering, blood pressure, and antihistamine p rescription medications may interact with grapefruit juice. However, most medications are not affected. Speak with your doctor or pharmacist if you are concerned about whether your medications ma y be affected b y g ra p efruit j uice. Here are ways to boost your daily fruit intake using grapefruit or grapefruit juice! Eat grapefruit with breakfast or lunch, or as a snack. Drink a glass of grapefruit juice with breakfast or as a snack. Cut grapefruit into segments and use as a topping on cereal, waffles or pancakes. Put grapefruit segments on toothpicks to create a fun snack for kids. Mix grapefruit juice with club soda for a refreshing drink. Try a refreshing vitamin Cpacked shake or smoothie made with grapefruit juice!