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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys
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 Material Information
Title: Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Muraro, Ronald P.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2001
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Published September 2001."
General Note: "FE 294"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00001887:00001

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys1 Ronald P. Muraro2 1. This is document FE 294, a publication of the Department of Food and Resource Economics, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Published September 2001. Please visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. Ronald P. Muraro, professor and farm management economist, Department of Food and Resource Economics, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/Christine Taylor Waddill, Dean. This year's annual questionnaire surveys were conducted via the U.S. Postal Service from February 2001 through April 2001. Thirty-three citrus caretakers participated in the Ridge area survey, and 25 citrus caretakers participated in the Indian River-South Florida area survey. Cooperatives (and their members) and growers performing their own cultural practices were not surveyed. The author expresses sincere thanks to those caretakers and their staffs who took time from their busy schedules to report their custom charges. Caretakers answering the Ridge area survey reported servicing 66,507 acres planted to citrus, or 2,463 acres per caretaker (Table 1). This represents approximately 19.6 percent of the total acreage planted in the Ridge area. The Indian River-South Florida area participants serviced 59,662 total acres, or 3,977 acres per caretaker (Table 2). This represents approximately 14.3 percent of the Indian River-South Florida area's citrus acreage. A majority of the Indian River-South Florida growers conduct their own cultural practices. The itemized custom rates (expressed as the low and high rates reported) and the rate average for the 2001 survey are the most current available. Custom rates for growers who are members of cooperatives and costs for growers who conduct their own cultural practices may differ from the survey's caretaker rate averages. For more detailed information on custom rates and other citrus production cost data for 2000-2001 and previous years, please contact either the author or your local county extension citrus specialist.

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 2 Table 1. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 33 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT Hand Hoe/Hand Labor Hour$ 9.00$ 15.00$ 11.39 Plus transportation Mechanic Labor Hour 25.0040.0031.54 Includes truck Rotovate Hour 26.7041.6032.85 Disc 7 feet Hour 27.0035.0030.13 Disc 7 feet Acre 7.0010.008.85 One-way discing Disc 9-10 feet Hour 28.5036.5031.39 Disc 9-10 feet Acre 7.0012.008.97 One-way discing Chop Hour 24.5035.8028.47 Chop Acre 7.0012.008.74 One-way chopping Mow 5-7 feet Hour 25.0035.0030.43 Mow 9-12 feet Hour 29.0037.1330.83 Mow 5-7 feet Acre 8.5012.0010.79 Mow 9-12 feet Acre 8.5012.5010.28 Mow 15-16 feet Acre 9.0012.0010.75 Herbicide (strip/band-single boom)z Hour 28.0030.0028.53 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/band-single boom)z Acre 11.5016.0013.40 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/band-double boom)z Acre 11.0015.0013.18 Plus materials; $32.37/hour average

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 3 Table 1. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 33 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Herbicide (piggy back appliance)z Acre 12.0015.7513.55 Plus materials Herbicide (chemical mow)z Acre 5.008.256.97 Plus materials Temikz Acre 12.0016.0013.85 Plus materials; fumigate @ $7.50/acre Plow Hour 27.5030.0028.55 Deviner Hour 28.5030.0029.38 Bush Hog Hour 25.5040.0031.88 Pickup Truck with Driver Hour 20.0035.0025.61 28,5537 miles/year/pickup average Flatbed Transport Truck with Driver Hour 30.0040.0037.05 26,875 /miles/year average; $87.50/trip average Low-Boy Transport Hour 50.0075.0058.75 Tractor with Driver Hour 25.0035.0028.73 Water/Supply Truck Hour 25.0035.0030.95 SPRAYINGz Tree-See Air Blast Sprayer (engine driven)$115/hour // Curtec Soraver $17.60/acre @ 22 GPA Engine Driven Airblast Spray $140/tank @ 250 GPA (1,000 gallon tanks) AIR BLAST SPRAYER Engine Driven PTO Powered Tree See Technology Average 500 GPA Acre 30.0035.7532.9429.2532.0030.42$35.00/acre 250 GPA Acre 25.0033.0029.2722.0027.5024.74$30.00/acre

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 4 Table 1. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 33 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments 125 GPA Acre 22.5026.5024.6718.0023.0020.89$25.00/acre 100 GPA Acre 17.6020.0019.16$22.50/acre Aerial (Bell-47 helicopter) $10.00 @ 5 GPA; $15.00 @ 10 GPA; $16.00 @ 15 GPA; $21.00 @ GPA FERTILIZER AND SOIL AMENDMENTSz Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation SystemHour 25.0035.0029.36 Truck plus labor Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation SystemAcre 2.003.502.88 $60.00/irrigation injection hookup average Liquid Boom Application (double boom) Acre 12.0015.0013.31 $14.25/acre average per single boom Dry (bulk) Acre 6.2010.007.96 $29.70/hour average Lime or Dolomite Acre 7.0010.008.34 Lime or Dolomite Ton 7.259.508.56 Fertilize Young Treesz Hand Spread Hour 9.0015.0011.39 Plus transportation and materials Fertilizer Spreader Hour 25.0033.7029.18 Plus materials; $6.87/acre average IRRIGATION Microsprinkler $3.25/acre, $25.00/month, $19.29/trip Start/stop and supervision (truck & driver) Microsprinkler Hour 25.0035.0028.75 Start/stop and supervison (truck & driver) Freeze Protection with Irrigation $45.00 per night per system / $25.00 per night per system

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 5 Table 1. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 33 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments ATV with Driver Hour 15.0024.0019.94 Check/repair microsprinkler irrigation system Ring Young Trees Hand Labor Hour 9.0015.0011.39 Labor plus equipment Mechanical Hour 24.2028.5026.02 Ditch Mower Hour 50.00 REMOVING TREES Tree Shearing (cutting tree at ground level)Hour 50.0055.0052.40 10-25 trees/hour average for tree sheared Front End Loader Hour 45.0055.0050.97 5-15 trees/hours average for trees removed Bulldozer Hour 48.50 PRUNING General Pruning (Rehab) Per Tree3.005.003.81 Depends on trees/acre requiring pruning Power Saw with Operator Hour 16.6025.0018.83 Plus transportation Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Timmer (double sided)Hour 200.00 9-18 acres per one pass Hedging Single Side (tractor mounted) Hour 75.00100.0087.50 2-5 acres/hour Single Side (tractor pulled) Hour 80.0090.0085.00 Double Side (tractor mounted) Hour 210.00 3-5 acres/hour

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 6 Table 1. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 33 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Double Side (tractor pulled) Hour 80.0082.5081.25 Double Side (self propelled)x Hour330.00360.00343.33 10-25 acres/hour, depending on wood size Double Side (self propelled)x Hour275.00315.00296.67 4-12 acres/hour, depending on wood size Topping Tractor Mounted Hour 190.00 Tractor Pulled Hour 100.00 1-3 acres/hour Tractor Pulled Hour 355.00 Self Propelled Hour350.00390.00370.00 5-10 acres/hour (roof top)/5-20 acres/hour (flat top) Self Propelled Hour27.500310.00292.50 Double Boom (self propelled) Hour 550.00 2-12 acres/hour (roof top)/15-30 acres/hour (flat top) Removing Brush Haul Brush Out of Grove Hour 35.80 $48.75/hour average (2 people with truck/tractor) Front End Loader (push brush) Hour 46.4055.0051.67 2-10 acres/hour Chop/Mow Brush Hour 28.0037.5032.72 3-6 acres/hour, $8.00/acre average COLD PROTECTION Mechanical Hour 23.75 Install Wraps Hour 0.250.500.33

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 7 Table 1. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 33 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments OTHER CUSTOM RATES Plant Tree Resets Tree 1.752.502.19 Stake, plant, and first watering Solid Set Planting Tree 1.101.501.27 Stake, plant, and first watering Travel/Set-up Charge Hour 27.00 Reporting average Grove Management Charge/Month Supervising grove care operations Acre 1.505.502.93 In addition to caretaking charges Handling Fruit Marketing Box 0.100.250.14 5% of gross, $40/acre annually Supervising/Handling Chemicals/Fertilizer10-20% of materials cost Personnel Charges $0.05-$0.18/box, $0.11/box average (harvesting operations & labor compliance records) Consulting $50-$100/hour, $50/hour average (cultural management/horticultural evaluation/financial analysis prospectus) Total Reported Acreage-Provided Grove Service to Acre 300 13,498 2,463 Source: Ronald P. Muraro, professor, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL. June 2001. z Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor, and sprayer. Supply truck included by most caretakers. y Calculated by dividing total caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges. x Low acres = two years regrowth hedging; high acres = annual maintenance hedging.

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 8 Table 2. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 25 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT Hand Labor Hour$ 11.00$ 13.75$ 12.10 Plus transportation and equipment Mechanic Labor Hour25.0040.0033.46 Labor and service truck Rotovate Hour30.0037.0032.75 Disc 7-8 feet Hour24.0035.0029.40 Disc 10 feet Hour31.0035.0033.58 Mow (Off-set or side mower) Hour29.0035.0032.04 Mow 7-8 feet Hour27.0032.0028.90 Mow 7-8 feet Acre 8.0010.009.18 Mow 9-10 feet Hour29.0035.0030.68 Mow 9-10 feet Acre 8.0010.509.16 Mow 15-16 feet Hour32.0041.0035.31 $8.00/acre average V-Mower Hour30.0034.0032.67 $8.25/acre average Sickle Mower Hour31.0035.0033.20 Herbicide (strip/band-single boom)z Hour32.0037.2533.75 Herbicide (strip/band-single boom)z Acre11.0012.7512.55 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/band-double boom)z Acre12.0012.5012.23 Plus materials; $36.93/hour average Herbicide (chemical mow)z Acre 3.507.505.81 Plus materials Temikz Acre12.0015.0013.17 Plus materials Plow Hour25.0035.0030.83

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 9 Table 2. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 25 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Backhoe Hour37.0050.0044.54 Vine Puller Hour28.0031.0029.50 Middle Buster Hour26.0035.0030.29 With tractor and driver Mound Builder Hour27.0035.0032.88 With tractor and driver Grader Blade Hour27.0035.0031.14 With tractor/blade and driver Bush Hog Hour29.0030.0029.67 Water Truck with Driver Hour25.0035.0030.77 Pickup Truck with Driver Hour22.0032.0027.48 24,880 miles/year/pickup average Flatbed Transport Truck with Driver Hour25.0040.0036.25 19,225 miles/year/transport truck average Tractor with Driver Hour26.0035.0028.94 ATV with Driver Hour16.0029.0020.16 SPRAYINGz Hand Sprayer Hour 45.00 Tractor and handgun sprayer plus 2 men AIR BLAST SPRAYER Engine Driven PTO Powered Tree See Technology Average 500 GPA Acre35.0037.5036.1730.0036.0034.10$37.44/acre PTO 250 GPA Acre29.0036.0031.5025.0031.0028.42$29.67/acre PTO 125 GPA Acre25.0028.0025.7520.0025.0023.00$23.53/acre PTO 100 GPA Acre 19.0020.0019.50 Curtec (25 GPA) Acre18.0021.5019.80$20/acre @ 30 GPA

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 10 Table 2. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 25 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Aerial Fixed Wing $5.38/acre @ 5 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $6.33/acre @ 10 GPA; Bell Helicopter $12.50/acre @ 10 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $7.50/acre @ 15 GPA; Huie Helicopter $18.00/acre @ 15 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $11.80/acre @ 20 GPA; Huie Helicopter $20.00/acre @ 20 GPA (one reporting $0.13 fuel surchange because of current fuel prices) FERTILIZER AND SOIL AMENDMENTSz Inject Liquid Fertilizer Hour37.0042.5039.75 Truck plus labor; one reporting $30/setting Liquid Boom Application Single Boom Acre10.0012.5011.25 Double Boom Acre10.0012.0011.00 Dry (bulk) Acre 6.758.507.30 $33.25/hour average Lime or Dolomite Acre 7.008.507.59 Fertilize Young Treesz Hand Spread Hour11.0015.0012.10 Plus transportation; one reporting $0.10/tree Fertilizer Spreader Hour26.0035.0030.56 Plus materials IRRIGATION Ditch Mower Hour35.0048.0041.63 Water Furrow Disc Hour25.0036.5031.31 Water Furrow Sahper (non-laser Hour35.0040.0037.00

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 11 Table 2. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 25 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Water Furrow Shaper (laser controlled) Hour70.0075.0071.67 One reporting $0.05/foot (single bed) Rotary Ditcher or Auger Hour29.0035.0032.08 Water Slinger Hour 35.00 Micropsprinrkler/Drip Irrigation MaintenanceAcre 2.004.503.53 Check and repair system; parts extra Microsprinkler $25.00/setting; $33.07/hour (truck & driver) Start/stop and supervison (truck & driver) REMOVING TREES Bulldozer Hour 55.00 Catipillar Grader Hour 50.00 Front End Loader Hour45.0060.0050.77 5-15 trees/hour average Tree Shearing (cutting tree at ground level)Hour45.0055.0049.00 5-20 trees/hour average PRUNING General Pruning (Rehab/Freeze Damage)Tree 3.50 Power Saw with Operator Hour16.5025.0018.86 Hedging Single Side (tractor pulled) Hour 55.00 Single Side (tractor pulled) Acre 85.00 Double Side (tractor pulled) Hour100.00137.00124.67 6-10 acres/hour, $14.50/acre average Double Side (tractor mounted) Hour 205.00 Double Side (self propelled) Hour200.00260.00238.33 8-20 acres/hour, $14.43/acre average Double Side Rotary Boom (self propelled)x Hour300.00315.00305.00 5-15 acres/hour (bed top), add 25% furrows only

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 12 Table 2. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 25 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Double Side Self Propelled Fixed Boom Hedgerx Hour 360.00 12-30 acres/hour (bed top) 8-20 acres/hour (bed top and furrow) Topping Tractor Pulled Hour107.00137.00120.60 2-5 acres/hour Tractor Pulled Hour 350.00 5-12 acres/hour (roof top) 10-20 acres/hour (flat top) Tractor Mounted Hour 175.00 Double Sided Topper Hour250.00260.00253.33 8-15 acres/hour, $28/acre average Double boom (self propelled) Hour 550.00 15-30 acres/hour (flat top) Double Sided (self propelled) Hour $23.13acre (flat top) Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer Acre12.0020.0015.60 3-5 acres/hour Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer Hour43.0070.0061.00 Removing Brush (front end loader) Haul Brush Out of Grove Hour48.0055.0051.60 Chop/Mow Brush Hour29.0035.0033.80 $8.00/acre average OTHER CUSTOM RATES Install Tree Wraps $0.10-$0.25 acres/hour, depending on wrap type and number of trees Plant Trees (solid set) Tree 0.801.501.19 Varies as to density Plant Tree (resets) Tree 1.503.002.29 Varies as to the number of resets Grove Management Charge/Month Supervising Grove Care Operations Acre 3.006.004.46 In addition to caretaking charges

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Summary of 2001 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 13 Table 2. A listing of the year 2001 custom rates as reported by 25 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Handling Fruit Marketing $0.10-$0.25/box; $0.05/pound solids One reported $5/acre/month-supervising/managing Supervising/handling chemicals/fertilizer7-15% of materials cost; 12% average Personnel Charges $0.05-$0.18/box; $0.11/box average (harvesting operations & labor compliance records) Consulting $106.67/hour average (horticultural evaluation and/or financial analysis prospectus) Consulting $250/day (cultural management) Total Reported Acreage-Provided Grove Service to Acre 400 13,500 3,977 59,662 total acres Source: Ronald P. Muraro, professor, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, June 2001. z Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor, and sprayer. Supply truck included by most caretakers. y Calculated by dividing total caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges. x Low acres = two years regrowth hedging; high acres = annual maintenance hedging.