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Sugarcane Cultivar Quick Reference Chart
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00001587/00001
 Material Information
Title: Sugarcane Cultivar Quick Reference Chart
Physical Description: Fact sheet
Creator: Schueneman, Thomas J.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2002
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Original publication date June 2002. Reviewed April 2008."
General Note: "SS AGR 146"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00001587:00001

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PAGE 1

T. J. Schueneman, J. D. Miller, J. C. Comstock, and R. A. Gilbert2 1. This document is SS AGR 146, one of a series of the Agronomy Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication date June 2002. Reviewed April 2008. This publication is also a part of the Florida Sugarcane Handbook, an electronic publication of the Agronomy Department. For more information, contact the editor of the Sugarcane Handbook, Ronald W. Rice (rwr@ufl.edu). Please visit the EDIS Web site at http://EDIS.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. T. J. Schueneman, Extension Agent IV, Palm Beach County (Retired); J. D. Miller, Director, USDA-ARS Sugarcane Research Station, Canal Point, FL (Retired) and J. C. Comstock, Plant Pathologist, USDA-ARS Sugarcane Research Station, Canal Point, FL; R. A. Gilbert, assistant professor, Agronomy Department, Everglades Research and Education Center, Belle Glade, FL; Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611. The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication does not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition. This Sugarcane Cultivar Quick Reference Chart (see Table 1) is based on the best information available at the time of publication. What became quickly apparent while constructing this chart is that the micro-environment where a cultivar is grown, time of planting, seasonal weather pattern, and the cultural practices that immediately preceded the planting have an important bearing on the performance of a cultivar. The ratings presented in this chart are comparisons against the standard cultivar, CP 70-1133, and are composites from several evaluations. Before you select a new or different cultivar to be included in your cultivar mix, read the literature on that cultivar, talk to growers and research staff who have worked with it, and pay attention to how old the cultivar is and its disease problems. There are no fungicides available for field use on Florida sugarcane once it has been planted. In order for a newly developed cultivar to be released for commercial production, it must exhibit good disease resistance. However, diseases mutate at an alarming rate, often overcoming plant resistance in two to ten years. A cultivar that has been released for ten years and is still resistant to rust (caused by Puccinia melanocephala H. Syd. and P. Syd.) probably does not have many years left in the commercial inventory. If a new cultivar has a fit in a grower's production plan at all, it should be planted as soon as possible after its release. The authors wish to thank Barney Eiland, Gerald Powell, and Raul Perdomo from Florida Crystals Corporation, James Shine Jr. from Sugarcane Growers Cooperative of Florida, Roy Smith from Roth Farms, and Gregg Nuessly, Entomologist at the Everglades Research and Education Center for their contributions and reviews. For further information on cultivar performance see the Annual Florida Sugarcane Variety Census

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Sugarcane Cultivar Quick Reference Chart 2 prepared by Barry Glaz, USDA/ARS Sugarcane Field Station, 12990 N. Highway 441, Canal Point, Florida 33438.

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Sugarcane Cultivar Quick Reference Chart 3 Sugarcane Cultivar Quick Reference Chart CL 61620 CP 701133 CP 722086 CP 731547 CP 781628 CP 801743 CP 801827 CP 841198 CP 881762 CP 892143 CP 921213 CP 921641 CP 921666 CP 941100 CP 941340 Sugar per Ton M+ L+ M+ M M H L M+ M H L+ V L+ L+ M Tons Cane per Acre M M+ M+ H M+ M+ M-H H H M+ M-H M M-H H M Optimal Harvest Period G E-I I-G I+ I E I-G I+ E E-G E E G I I Fiber M M L M M L+ L M H M M M M M M Tillering M M+ M M H H L+ M H H M L H M M Erectness M F M M F M T F F T M T F T T Stubbling Ability H M+ M+ M+ H H H M+ H H M L+ M+ H M Uprooting M L L+ L M L-M L+ M+ M L M L L+ U L+ Cold Tolerance M L H L H L M M L+ H L+ U L+ U U Harvestability D M M+ M D+ J J D D J M J M J U Soil Preference O A A S A,Tr O O O O O O A,Tr A A A Water Tolerance M M+ P,2 H H P+ M M P M P+ M P+ P+ P+ Seed Cane Quality M M H M M M-H H M L-M H U M+ M H M+ Flowering Season G I G I I G E E G I+ E-N G I G G Rust Susceptibility* Sus Sus Mr Mr S R Sus R Mr Ms R R R R R Leaf Scald Suscept.* R R R R R Ms R R R R Ms R R Mr R Smut Susceptibility* R Ms R Ms Ms R R R R R R R Ms R R Mosaic Susceptibility* R Mr Sus R R R Ms R R Ms R R R R R RSD Susceptibility** Sus Sus R Mr Mr Mr Sus Sus Sus Ms Mr R Mr Mr Ms YLS Susceptibility*** Mr Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Sus Noteworthy Item**** 3,4 1 2,3 3 7 2,6 4 3,5 3,5 2,4,6 2,8 7 2 2 2 + after a rating designates a value on the high side of the rating. A=All soils E=Early season H=High L=Low O=Organic soil T=Erect Tr=Transitional F=Lodges I=Mid season M=Medium P=Poor at planting U=Unknown D=Difficult G=Late season J=Easy N=None S=Sand V=Variable (low to high) *Disease Ratings: Sus=Susceptible; Ms=Moderately susceptible; Mr=Moderately resistant: R=Resistant. **Ratoon Stunting Disease ***Yellow Leaf Syndrome ****Noteworthy Items:1=Higher tonnage but lower yields on sand soil. 5=Harvest from windward side (peel) 2=Avoid wet fields at planting due to increased risk of pineapple disease. 6=Rodents seem to prefer this cultivar 3=At harvest, leave higher stubble to ensure adequate regrowth. 7=Transitional soil standout 4=Yellow Sugarcane Aphids seem to prefer this cultivar. 8=Brittle Cane