Citation
Aruba Esso news

Material Information

Title:
Aruba Esso news
Creator:
Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
Place of Publication:
Aruba Netherlands Antilles
Publisher:
Lago Oil and Transport Co., Ltd.
Creation Date:
October 21, 1966
Frequency:
biweekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Petroleum industry and trade -- Periodicals -- Aruba ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )

Notes

Language:
Text in English and papiamento.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1- 1940-
General Note:
Cover title.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Holding Location:
Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Rights Management:
This item was contributed to the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) by the source institution listed in the metadata. This item may or may not be protected by copyright in the country where it was produced. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by applicable law, including any applicable international copyright treaty or fair use or fair dealing statutes, which dLOC partners have explicitly supported and endorsed. Any reuse of this item in excess of applicable copyright exceptions may require permission. dLOC would encourage users to contact the source institution directly or dloc@fiu.edu to request more information about copyright status or to provide additional information about the item.
Resource Identifier:
000307401 ( ALEPH )
06371498 ( OCLC )
ABT4040 ( NOTIS )

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Full Text
a

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i





ruba Esso Ne







VOL. 27, No. 21

Lago Employees Receive Recognition

For One Million Injury - Free Manhours’

Lago employees have earned a certificate from the Esso Latin
American Manufacturing Safety Council for working one million
manhours without a disabling injury.

Competing with four other Esso refineries in Latin America,
Lago achieved the one-million mark in the period between May

and August this year. The
other competing companies in
Group A (with 1 million or
more manhours per year) were
the Campana, Cartagena, Am-
uay and Talara refineries.

Aimed at stimulating the sa-



One Million Manhours
Without Disabling Injury
LAGO REFINERY
August 19, 1966



fety programs of affiliated
companies, the Esso Latin Am-
erican Safety Council was set
up in the middle of this year.

The program of the Council
is coordinated through the New
York office.







AWARD

PS SIS

i

2

SASS

ee



FS



SPECIAL AWARD from Esso Latin American Manufacturing Safety
Council to Lago Refinery.

PUBLISHED BY LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD.

Kiwanis International President

Dr. G. Reed Jr.

October 21, 1966





President Internacional di Kiwanis Dr, G. Reed Jr.

(fourth from left) and his party visited Lago Oct.
3. They were taken on a refinery tour by Vice Pre-
sident J. M. Ballenger (5th from right), R. E. Boy-
ack, Mechanical Manager (2nd from left) and N.
P. Schindeler (3rd from right), who are all Kiwa-
nians. Other Aruba Kiwanians accompanying the
group were Morris Serphos (extreme left) and Fred
Wong (extreme right).

(di 4 di robez) y su grupo a bishita Lago Oct. 3.
Nan a ser hiba ariba un paseo den refineria door di
Vice President J. M. Ballenger (di 3 di drechi), R.
E. Boyack, Gerente Mecanical (2do di robez) y N.
P. Schindeler (3er di drechi), kende tur ta miembro
di Kiwanis. Otro Kiwanis di Aruba cu a acompanja
e grupo tabata Morris Serphos (mas na robez) y
Fred Wong (mas na drechi).



Four Employees and One Ex-Employee
Receive CYl Awards During September

Four employees and one ex-employee were CYI winners during
September. Three were from Process and two from Mechanical.

| The ex-employee was Jose G.
|
|
| qualifies under the CYI pro-
award by check. Like any other
|employee, ex-employees are al-
|so protected under the two-year
|clause of the CYI program.
Wilhelm Geerman, an assis-
tant operator in Process-Refin-
ing, had two ideas adopted. He
received Fls. 40 for on idea to
install a chain block northeast
of the chemical injector pot at
PCAR. His other idea, calling



THIS MAY well have been the ritual for bur
Indians in Aruba’s early days. (See pages 4

F —e

ying ESAKI POR wel tabata e rituo pa dera Indiannan
& 5). den tempo pasa na Aruba (Mira Pagina 4 & 5). | diesel a baha 9.2 porciento.

Ruiz, an Instrumentman A, who

gram and will receive his Fls.30 for installing a 1-inch caustic}

line from caustic pump No. 919
discharge on the FGS DEA sys-
tem, earned him F's. 25.

A supplemental

accepted employment with a construction company in St. Croix.|
Although he is no longer an employee and is abroad, he still|

award of|

Fls. 35 went to Andresito Croes, |

an assistant operator in Proc-

ess-Refining. Previously, in De-|

cember, 1965,
initial
Fls. 25 for being the safety sug-
gester of the month of Decem-
ber, 1965. He suggested to tie in
both slurry pumps strainers in-
|to a hot pump line at PCAR.
| The other two September
CYI winners were:
Eugenio Damian
Process-Utilities Fls. 25

Enrique Hazel

Mechanical-Machinist Fls. 25

he received an

award of Fils. 50 and)

Dec. 31, 1966 Final Date
For Early Retirement
Program
In a meeting at the end of
last month, the Management
Committee confirmed its deci-
sion to retain December 31,
1966 as the final date for the

Early Retirement Program.
Eligible employees wishing to
take advantage of the increased
benefits under the program
should apply as soon as pos-
sible through their supervisor.

Dec. 31, 1966 Fecha Final
Pa Programa di Pensioen
Anticipa

Den un reunion teni na fin di
luna pasa, e Comision di Ge-
rencia a decidi di fiha 31 di
December 1966 como fecha fi-
nal pa e Programa di Pensioen
Anticipa.

Empleadonan cu ta eligibel,
y cu ta desea di probecha di e
beneficionan aumenta bao di e
programa aki, mester haci apli-
cacion mas pronto posibel pa
medio di nan supervisor.



Mientras Otro Ta Subi Den Diez Anja

Prijs Di Productonan Di Azeta Ta Baha

| Unda cu bo drei awendia bo ta lesa di inflacion den prensa,
ly pesey ta interesante pa tur di nos observa cu cierto sentimen-
to di orguljo cu prijsnan por mayor di zeta crudo, gasoline y
destiladonan mediano a baha durante ultimo diez anja, net con-
| trario cu e tendencia general pa articulonan di uso cu a bira

mas caro.
Desde 1957 te na e promer
seis luna di 1966 inclusive, in-
dice di prijsnan di tur articulo
di uso por mayor a subi 6.5 por-
ciento. Mientrastanto prijs di
zeta crudo a baha 4 porciento,
y prijs por mayor di gasoline a
baha hasta 6.3 porciento.
Indica di prijsnan por mayor
pa destiladonan mediano, ma-
nera combustible liviano y zeta

Tin hopi motibo pa esey, en-
tre nan tin muchu hopi zeta ri-
ba mercado y competencia fe-
roz — pero — y aki un cierto
orguljo pa nos ta drenta: loke
a haci e prijsnan mas abao po-
sibel ta cu miles di hende den
industria di petroleo ta hacien-
do tur loke nan por pa cumpli
cu nan trabao net un tiki mas
mihor cada un di e 3650 dia-
nan ey.



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Aruba GssONEWS

PUBLISHED EVERY OTHER FRIDAY, AT ARUBA, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
BY LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD.
Printed by the Verenigde Antilliaanse Drukkerijen N.V.. Neth. Ant

E. Villanueva, Editor L. |. De Lange, Publications Asst.
J. M. De Cuba, Photographer A. Werleman, Publications Asst.

Protect Our Natural Resources

Aruba’s natural resources take a number of forms. Whatever}
they may be, it’s the task of every citizen to help protect them.

Our natural resources are not all hidden in the ground, but
some are. Take for instance, the remnants of early civilization
found in the ground at various places. They have their historic
value. They are about the only resources that tell us about the
early inhabitants, the Arowak Indians. Any artifacts found that
could give more information about the early cultures should be
preserved and handled with care.

Other natural resources are our fine beaches, caves, and In-
dian scripts on rocks and natural rock formations. These should
be kept clean and undamaged.

Friendliness of the local population is another asset for Aruba.
In view of the growing tourist industry, this is an especially
valuable resource of future economic growth.

The island is also known for its cleanliness. Everyone should
contribute towards keeping up our good name in this area.

All of these resources should be considered in terms of their
value to the community.

We can only gain by protecting them.

Oil is A Lago Resource



They

Completing their 12-week plumbing course under
the Retraining Program recently were: (2nd from
L to R) Narciso M. Dirksz, Basilio Wernet, William
H. Gibbs, Epifanio Semeleer and Eustace C. Milton.
received their certificates from
Marco M. Stamper (far right). On hand for closing
the session was Carlos De Cuba, Retraining Com-
mittee secretary (far left).

Instructor

October 21, 1966



Completando nan curso di plombero di 12 siman bao
e Programa di Re-entrenamento recientemente ta-
bata: (2do di robez pa D) Narciso M. Dirksz, Basi-
lio Wernet, William H. Gibbs, Epifanio Semeleer y
Eustace C. Milton. Nan a recibi nan certificado for
di Instructor Marco M. Stamper (extremo drechi).
Tambe presente pa clausura e curso tabata Carlos
De Cuba, secretario di Comité di Re-entrenamento
(extremo robez).



Help Stop Oil Loss

Proteha Nos Recursonan Natural While Others Increase

Aruba su recursonan natural tin hopi forma. No ta importa) What with inflation so much
kiko nan ta, obligacion di tur ciudadano ta di proteha nan. in the news today, it is inter-
No tur nos recursonan natural ta scondi bao di tera, pero al- esting for all of us to note with
gun ta. Por ehempel, restonan di un civilizacion anterior cu ta aaa ae ea oe
dera bao di tera na varios lugar. Nan tin nan balor historico. Jjne oe Paiddia pisitiaiee ak
Nan ta casi e unico recursonan cu ta informa nos tocante e habi-/down over the past 10 years,
tantenan di hopi tempu pasa di Aruba, Indjannan Arowak. Cual-| bucking the general trend in
kier cos cu nan tabata usa como herment y pa uso di cas cu por Commodity prices.
duna nos mas informacion tocante culturanan anciano, mester| From 1957 through the first
worde preserva y trata cu mashar cuidao. six month of 1966 the whole-
Otro recursonan natural ta nos playanan bunita, cuebanan, y/sale price index of all commo-
loke Indjannan a pinta riba piedra y formacionnan di baranca. 4oties rose 6.5 per cent. Mean-
Ta necesario pa tene esakinan limpi y sin danjo. while, crude oil prices dropped
Carinjo di nos poblacion local ta un otro riqueza di Aruba. Cu pee tee peer lesdle: sBH0-
: ; : : e5t P line prices declined 6.3 per cent.
bista riba nos industria turistica cu ta bayendo dilanti, esaki ta) The wholesale index for middle
un recurso masha precioso pa nos crecemento economico. | distillates such as light fuel oils
Tambe nos isla ta conoci pa su limpieza. Tur hende mester and diesel fuel decreased 9.2 per
contribui nan parti pa sostene nos bon reputacion den ¢ sentido Cet
aki. Many reasons for this, among
Nos mester mira tur e recursonan ey den termino di nan balor|them oversupply and _ fierce
pa nos comunidad. competition — but — and here's

: y. re i i
Si nos tur proteha nan, e probecho ta pa nos mes. eC mt

road Bee i. rae a
Azeta Ta Recurso Di Lago thet
Yuda Stop Perdida Di Azeta

in the oil industry doing their
|best to do their jobs just a
little bit better every day for
| those 3650 days.





one with AKI NOS ta mira dos proa di tanquero, un proa cu
bola grandi y un comun.

SHOWN HERE are two tanker bows,
bulbous bow and one without it.

Petroleum Prices Drop Economic Considerations Im

portant

Factor In Developing Tanker Design

Ships come in ali sizes and designs. But whatever their size or
design, the main objective of tankers is to carry oil at the lowest
possible cost. To meet this objective, tankers have grown con-
siderably in size and speed in the last ten years.

The first tanker to transport oil in bulk was the Gluckauf,

owned by what is now a German
affiliate. The 3,000 dwt. tanker
was built in 1886.

During the period between
1939 and 1950, tanker size in-
creased on the average from
about 16,000 to 26,000 dwt.

Between the late fifties and
the early sixties, size had treb-
bled to about 80,000/90,000
tons.

Now the newest tankers on
order are of 170,000 dwt. They
will be able to carry the car-
goes of 11 T-2 tankers, which
were the workhorses during the
Second World War and shortly
thereafter. The T-2s can carry
about 16,600 tons of cargo.

Size Increase poses Problems

While the size increase of
tankers is apparently an econo-
mically attractive way of reduc-
ing transportation cost, the size
increase poses many problems
Not every harbor can accom-
modate these giants. One way
to handle them is by building
offshore docking facilities.

At Lago, we are aware of
these problems and they are be-
ing studied. The San Nicolas
Harbor has a depth of about 40
feet and its piers can accom-
modate vessels up to 67,000
dwt. (such as the Esso Zurich)
and up to 800 feet in length.

It is believed that larger tan-
kers, in excess of 200,000 dwt.,
are approaching the maximum
safe operating water depths in
some important areas, such as
in the Straits of Malacca and
parts of the North Sea. In ad-
dition, it may not be possible
for them to transit the Suez
and Panama Canals because of

|draft regulations and maneuv-

erability.
An odd looking bulb-like pro-

truding bow has been noticed
for some time on some Esso
tankers calling at Lago.

This is one innovation that
has been developed by Esso na-
val architects. Of all recent dev-
elopments in ship design, it is
likely that none has caused
greater interest among tanker
and bulk carrier owners than
this large protruding bulbous
bow.

These are now fitted to most
of the vessels in the Esso fam-
ily and are also being installed
on quite a few of the newer
tankers and bulk carriers being
delivered to our competitors.

These bulbous bows can be
fitted to older tankers as well.
This innovation produces a
marked improvement in the ba-
sic relationship between a ship’s
speed and power that would not
have been considered possible a
few years ago.





Tests favor Bulb Bow

Tests made at _ identical
speeds have borne out that ves-
sels with the regular bow ex-
perience more resistance from
wavemaking than the bulbous
bow. The two pictures (below)
show models of the same design
with and without an Esso bulb
bow, running at the same speed.
The graph on the bow demon-

strates the remarkable reduc-
tion in wavemaking that is
achieved.

It has been proven that speed
increased nearly one knot, con-
sidering the average of loaded
and ballast conditions. This is
equivalent to an increase in del-
ivery capacity of approximately
5 per cent. On an average, it
costs about $400 an hour to
operate present-day tankers







October 21, 1966

Consideraciones Economico Importante
Den Desaroljo di Disenjo di Tanquero

Nos ta mira barcunan di tur forma y grandura. Pero no ta im-

3

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

New Building Material Developed by ERE
For Rapidly Growing Construction Industry

porta kiko nan forma ta of nan grandura, e principal obhetivo di}



‘ : sien Taox ae b
un tanquero ta di trasporta zeta na un costo cu ta di mas chi-| Esso Research and Engineer
quito posibel. Pa alcanza e obhetivo ey, tanqueronan a bay cre-| 1N§ Company has developed a

ciendo den grandura y velocidad den ultimo diez anja.

E promer tanquero pa tras-
porta zeta na granel tabata
Gliickauf, propiedad di loke
awendia ta un afiliado Aleman.
E tanquero aki di 3000 tone-
lala di peso bashi a worde con-
strui na 1886.

Durante e periodo di 1939 pa
1950, grandura di tanquero a
subi cu un promedio di 16,000
te 26,000 peso bashi. j

Pero entre fin di anjanan cin-
cuenta y cuminzamento di anja-
nan sesenta, ya nan grandura
a bira tres bez mas grandi est:
80,000/90,000 ton.

Awendia e tanqueronan cu
nan a pidi ta midi 170,000 tone-
lada bashi. Nan lo por carga 11
bez e carga cu un tanquero T-2






tabata e tanqueronan cu a
trabao di buricu durante seg
da gera mundial y algun anja
despues. Un T-2 por trasporta
un carga di 16,600 ton di zeta.

Mientras cu e aumento di
grandura di tanqueronan apa-
rentemente ta un manera eco-
nomicamente atractivo pa redu-
ci costo di trasportacion, nan
grandura a crea hopi problema.
No tur haf por acomoda e gi-
gantenan flotante ey. Un ma-
nera pa recibi un tanquero asina
ta di traha facilidadnan camin-
da nan por ancra pafor di haf.

Haf di San Nicolas

Na Lago nos ta na altura di
tal problemanan, y nan ta bao
di estudio actualmente. Haf di
San Nicolas ta mas o menos 40
pia hundu y su wafnan por tu-
ma barcu te 67,000 tonelada pe-
so bashi (manera Essu Ziirich)
y di un largura di no mas cu
800 pia

Ta bisa cu tanqueronan mas
grandi, cu ta excede 200,000 ton
di peso bashi, ta jegando na
limite cu nan por nabega cu se-
guridad den awanan di algun
region importante, manera Es-
trecho di Malea y partinan di

















Mar del Norte na Europa. Ade-
mas por ta cu no ta posibel pa
nan cruza canal di Suez y di
Panama pa motibo di reglamen-
tonan tocante nan calado y fa-
cilidad di maniobra



Inovacion den Disenjo

Ta algun tempu caba cu nos
observa un cos manera on bola
grandi na e proa di algun tan-
quero Esso cu ta bishita Lago.

Esaki ta un cos nobo desar-
olja door di arquitectonan ma-
ritimo di Esso. Di tur e reciente
desaroljonan den disenjo di bar-
cu, probablemente ningun a
causa asina tantu interes entre
donjonan di tanquero y barcu
di carga na granel cu e nanishi
rondo di e barcunan ey.

Actualmente mayoria di e
barcunan den famia di Esso ya
tin e proa rondo, y e inovacion
aki ta ser instala den cantidad
di tanqueronan nobo y barcu-
nan pa carga na granel cu ta
worde entrega na nos competi-
dornan.

Experimentonan haci cu bar-
cu cu ta core cu un velocidad
identico a proba cu barcunan cu
un proa comun ta hanja mas
resistencia di lantamento di ola
cu esnan cu un nanishi rondo.
Riba e portretnan aki bao nos
ta mira modelonan di e mes di-
senjo, un cu e proa rondo §
y e otro sin djé, coriendo na e
mes velocidad. E marca banda
di su proa ta mustra un reduc-
cion notable di e olanan cu e
barcu ta lanta.

Nan a proba cu velocidad di
e barcu a subi casi un milja pa
ora, considerando e condicionan
promedio di e barcu su carga-
mento y su laster. Esaki ta
equivalente na un mehoranza di
su capacidad pa trasporta di
mas of menos 5 porciento. Cos-
to di operacion di un tanquero
di awendia ta un promedio di
$400 pa ora.





°







The Economic Attractiveness of Fitting
Esso Bulhous Bow to a 50,000 DWT Ton

BASIC DATA
Trade

Charter Rate

Sea speed without bulb

Average speed Increase due to
bulb

Service and Port allowance

Net average spzed increase

Cost of Bulb Installation
(Excluding Design & License)
License & Design Fees

Total Capital Investmert

Annual Increase in Cai go
Capacity

Value of Annual Increased Cargo
Capacity at Intascale - 50%

LESS:

Increased Port Charges, etc.

Net Annual Savings Due to Bulb

PAYOUT PERIOD
Return on Investment

- Caribb2an - Continental









Europ2
- Intascale - 50%
- 16 Knots
a)
- 10%
- 4%
Existing Ship
New Remaining Life:
Construction 15 Yrs
$10,009 $ 80,000*
45,000 45,000
$55,000
26,000 L.T. 26,000 ai
$60,000 $ 60,000
2,500 2,500
$57,500 $ 57,500
1 YEAR 2.2 YEARS
100% 45%

* Done in normal 5-day repair period; no additional out-of-service

time.

new building material made
from soil and a petroleum-based
| binder.

The new material, known as
BMX, may be manufactured in
available commercial-type
equipment, using ERE-develop-
ed technology.

The company spent more
than five years developing and
testing the new material as part
of its continuing program seek-
ing new uses for petroleum.

The immediate market for
BMX, which can be used as a
direct replacement for conven-
tional masonry products, is in
the large and rapidly growing
construction industries of the
United States and Europe.

First U.S. Licensee
| The first U.S. licensee is the
Sayre and Fisher Company of
Sayreville, N.J., which offered
the first public demonstration
of BMX products as the annual
convention of the New Jersey
Society of Architects, which
opened at Spring Lake last
month. Several patents on the
process have already been is-
sued to ERE, and others are





Empleadonan Ta Cumpli
Miljon Ora Sin Desgracia

Empleadonan di Lago a me-
rece un certificado di Conseho
di Seguridad Esso Latina Ame-
ricano di Fabricacion, pasobra
nan a traha un miljon di ora di
trahador sin ningun desgracia
incapacitante.

Competiendo cu cuater otro}
refineria Esso na America La-|
tina, Lago a jega na e meta di
un miljon ora den e periodo en-
tre Mei y Augustus di e anja
aki. E otro companianan den e
competencia aki den Grupo A
(cu ta traha 1 miljon of mas
ora di trahador den un anja)
tabata refinerianan di Campa-
na, Cartagena, Amuay y Ta-
lara.

Cu obhetivo pa stimula e pro-
gramanan di seguridad 4d
companianan afilia, e Conseho
di Seguridad Esso Latino Ame
ricano di Fabricacion a ser or-
ganisa meimei di e anja aki. |

Programa di e Conseho aki ta
coordina door di oficina na
Nueva York.



pending in the U.S. and other faces and close dimensional to-
countries of the free world. lerances, one coat of plaster is
Credit for the development of | all that is needed for a finished
the new material goes to several| interior and two mortar sys-
ERE divisions. |tems are possible: one utilizing
Extensive tests have shown|the conventional trowel-and-
that BMX has greater strength| Mortar technique, the other
per unit weight, lower moisture | utilizing an ordinary paint rol-
absorption and better freeze-| ler for rapid construction.
thaw properties than conventio-| Raw Materials Abundant
nal building materials. In addi-| The raw materials for mak-
tion, because of its smooth sur-| (Continued on page 6)



Driver

Accident Prevention Cr)





SS



e

216 |
UND A CURVE AND A



YOU RO

CAR
IS APPROACHING...IN YOUR LANE!

think) what would you do?

With your eyes? (Put an “x” through what YOU would do!)



—_——s = |

Ss

LOOK STRAIGHT ONLY

ee |

LOOK REAR MIRROR

Qu.

J
[ | Look sine mirror







LOOK STRAIGHT /LEFT







With your feet?































: | :
Y aN ¥ a ae
= \ eae } i
INCREASE GAS DECREASE GAS OFF GAS ] __ RAISE BEAM LOWER BEAM
we \ \ eS w\ 95
s ae a a e OR
‘SLAM BRAKE BRAKE CAREFULLY PUMP BRAKES OFF BRAKE PARKING BRAKE













With your hands?

















































Va »\ > > | (ZO
4 GD Ae A
| STEER LEFT | steer Richt | | GRIP FIRMLY HOLD LOOSELY SWERVE
5| ES) AS) K&| CRA
| SHIFT NEUTRAL SHIFT REVERSE | SHIFT PARK | DON'T SHIFT
| Ue)
6 = @) a] O}/ y J 3
- ww “ww SB us ae " es
rT] SIGNAL RIGHT fal SIGNAL LEFT SLOW OR STOP LIGHTS ON & OFF BLOW HORN

























T-2 16,200 DWT
| | | { .
| — ’
| 100,000 DWT
An Teen
Le | +——
l | al ES RS |B WA
{= |







170,000 OWT







INDIAN BURIAL urn recently found at Ray Farro’s home.

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

October 21, 1966





: DIGGING EXPEDITION at Tanki Flip
EXPEDICION PA bai coba na Tanki Flip.

BURIAL URN found at Savaneta

Maestro Lester Y Estudiantes Ta Coha
Hundo Den Pasado pa Haya Artefactos

E promer habitantenan di Aruba, Indjannan di e tribu Aro-)
| wak, a laga masha poco pa nos di nan pasado historico, Cu ex-
| gepeian, di algun cos pinta den cuebanan y riba piedra, mayoria

di loke nos sabi awendia tocante nan existencia a ser revela for
di artefactonan (herment y articulo di uso den cas) hanja na e

| sitionan caminda nan tabata bi-)~_—2@4OW_—Y_
|ba: Tanki Flip, Santa Cruz y) Lester y estudiantenan di Seroe
| Savaneta. Colorado High School a cuminza
| Deseo pa sabi mas tocante e/coba na Tanki Flip.

|habitantenan antiguo nunca a| Jerry a cuminza samina e te-
stop di existi. Como parti di un|reno rond di Tanki Flip for di

URNA PA dera Indian haya poco tempo pasa na cas di Rey Farro. projecto di klas, maestro Jerry un anja y mei pasa. Ora el a



TOP: (L to R): 2 fertility idols, face from neck of ARIBA: (R pa D): 2 idolo, figura di cara, pieza
bowl, side ornament, part of cup, side of bowl, 2 ornamental, parti di un kopi, banda di un komchi, |
small side ornaments, other part of cup, head from 2 pida ornamental chikito, other parti di kopi,

base of a bowl.

| descubri algun artefacto, el a
hiba su alumnonan aya. Nan
tabata basta excita tocante e
projecto, y cu mes tantu deseo
cu nan maestro pa sabi mas to-
cante historia di e promer tri-
bunan cu a biba riba e isla aki.
| Hopi di e muchanan a nace na

cabez for di base di un komchi.



WEYA PA dera Indian haya na Savaneta.



Aruba, y esey ta un circunstan-
cia adicional pa conocemento y
excitacion pa busca mas infor-
macion tocante e lugar caminda
nan ta biba

E cobamento si no tabata asi-
na facil. Algun lugar ta jen di
sumpinja y hopi mucha lo no
lubida asina liher experiencia
di worde pencha di repente door
di sumpinja. Tabata necesario
pa coba tera mas of menos 20
pa 40 pia, y un pia hundo.

Un di aspectonan mas exci-
tante di cualkier buscamento
ta, di haya algu cu ta signifi-
cantemente diferente. Na cu-
minzamente di anja 1965 Les-
ter y su alumnonan a hanja
loke a resta di un komchi (pa-
langana) cu tabata diferente
tantu den estilo como den con-
struccion for di cualkier otro cu

(Continua na pagina 5)



MR. AND MRS. R. FARRO proudly display a large urn found while
workers were digging foundation of extension to their home in
Savaneta.

SR. Y SRA. R. FARRO cu orguljo ta munstra un weya grandi haya
mientras trahadornan tabata coba fundeshi pa extension di nan cas
na Savaneta.





October 21, 1966

THIS ORNAMENTAL piece is a design reconstructed from artifacts

shown below and next page whi
E PIEZA di adorno aki ta un dis
munstra aki bao y na otro pagina



ch were found at Tanki Flip.
enjo reconstrui for di artefactos

, cual a ser haya na Tanki Flip.

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

th. at



Teacher Lester and

IN THEIR digging expedition at Tanki Flip teacher
Lester and children from Seroe Colorado High
School found many remnants of Indian civilization.

Students Dig Deep

‘Into Aruba’s Past: Finds: Artifacts

The first inhabitants of Aruba, the Arowak indians, left little
of their historic past. Except for some scripts in caves and stone,

most of what is known today

about their existence has been

revealed from artifacts found where they used to live: Tanki

Flip, Santa Cruz and Savaneta.

The desire to know more
about these early inhabitants
has never ended. As part of a
class project, schoolteacher
Jerry Lester and Seroe Colo-
rado High School students went

}out to dig at Tanki Flip.

Jerry started sounding the



rete du :
TEACHER G. D. LESTER



t eee



explains rare piece found at Tanki Flip,

a residential area of early Indians.

MAESTRO G. D. LESTER ta splica un artefacto stranjo cu el a ||

haya na Tanki Flip, cual tabata lugar di biba di Indiannan.

Artefactos
(Continua di pagina 4)

a ser descubri den pasado. Aun-
que e tabata parce esunnan di
Venezuela, toch e tabata dife-
rente for di nan. Segun nan ta
bisa Indjannan Arowak ta bini
di e famia di Caiquetionan for

di Estado Lara y Falcon.
Aunque ta dificil pa bisa, tin
indicacion cu e mes grupo di.
hende a biba tantu na Tanki|
Flip como na Savaneta, pero
durante diferente periodo. Un

indicacion ta cu weanan cora |
pinta pretu a worde hanja na)

Di Aruba

Savaneta, pero no na Tanki
Flip.

Algun cos cu Jerry y su alum- |

nonan a hanja ta: wea, cos di
cushina aden, poeroen di awa,
piezanan ceremonial, wesu di

|pisca y casca di morcoi. Tambe

nan a hanja pida pida plancha
di cachapa, loke ta aparente-
mente incomun pa e cultura aki,
y un wiel pa traha hilo cual ta
laga nosk ere cu tabatin cierto
fabricacion di panja.

E pida plancha di cachapa|~

(Continua na pagina 6)

€ Tanki Flip area about a year

jand a half ago. When he dis-
|covered some artifacts, he took
|the children out there. They
|were quite excited about the
|project and were as eager as
their teacher to know more
|about the history of the first
|tribes that inhabited their is-
|land. Many of the children were
|born in Aruba and this adds to
the knowledge and excitement
of finding out new information
about their home.

The digging has not been all
|easy going. Some spots are full
jof cactus and many of the
children won’t forget the ex-
perience of having been "’needl-
ed” unexpectedly. Excavations

~ |of about 20 by 40 feet and one

foot deep had to be made.
One of the exciting aspects
of any search is the finding of





BOWL DESIGN tells old story.
DISENJO DI wea ta conta historia biew.

something significantly differ-
ent. In the spring of 1965, Les-
ter and the children found the
remnants of a bowl, which was
different both in style and con-
struction from anything that
had been discovered in the past.
While it bore some resemblance,
it was also different from the
finds in Venezuela. The Aro-
waks reportedly hail from the
Caiquetios family in Estado La-
ra and Falcon.

Although it’s difficult to say,
there are indications that the
same group of people had lived
at Tanki Flip and Savaneta, but
at different times. One indica-
tion is that red pottery painted
with black found at Savaneta
had not been found at Tanki
Flip.

Finds: Artifacts

What Jerry and the school
children found includes; bowls,
cooking utensils, water jugs,
ceremonial pieces, fish verte-
brae and turtle shells. Also
found were pieces of griddles,
which seem unusual for this









maestro Jerry Lester y muchanan for di School di
Seroe Colorado a haya hopi resto di civilizacion di

Indiannan.



culture, and a spindle wheel, in-
dicating a certain amount of
weaving took place.

The pieces of griddle found
also indicate that the Dabajuro,
a subculture of the Arowaks,
used to cook grain.

As far as Jerry knows, there
have been two or three pieces
of idols found in the past. Yet,
in Tanki Flip, Jerry and helpers
found several pieces — one be-
ing almost complete.

Curacao and Bonaire have
very little in terms of artifacts.
Because of being nearer to the
mainland, Aruba has closer as-
sociation with the South Amer-
ican continent. Also, ocean cur-
rents and the sea between Aru-
ba and Curacao are more diffi-
cult to navigate than those be-
tween Aruba and Venezuela.
The Indians used to travel back
and forth between Aruba and
the mainland in their ’cayu-
cas” (canoe made from log).

Recently, while digging the
foundation in Savaneta for an
extension to the home of Ray
Farro of Technical-Process En-
gineering, the men found two
urns, a large one with bones
and a small one. Although they
were damaged, Jerry will put
them together.

Collection Will Go To Aruba
Nostra

Jerry says that eventually
the Seroe Colorado School col-
lection will be donated to the
Aruba Nostra Foundation. Jer-
ry also works very closely with
this foundation, which plans to
set up a museum in Aruba

The recent find proves that
there are many more hidden
historic treasures in the ground.
Anyone who finds these arti-
facts should treat them like na-
tural resources. Especially
when complete urns are found,
one should not try to move
them. Expert handling is re-
quired so as not to destroy them
or their contents. Therefore, it’s
advisable to contact any of the
members of the Aruba Nostra
Foundation.

The board of the Aruba Nos-
tra Foundation consists of: A.
J. Booi, president, Father R. H.
Nooyen, vice president; Mrs. W.
van Poelje, secretary; Drs. V.
Servage, treasurer; M. S. Kui-
peri and I. E. A. Tjon-Sie-Fat,
members.





6

New Electronic Ferrograph Sounder
Replaces Line-and-Lead Soundings

A piece of electronic equipment is now being used for sounding
in San Nicolas Harbor. This is the Ferrograph Inshore Graphic

Sounder.

By means of a cable and transducer attached below water levei| ta. Esaki yama Ferrograph In-| *
on a tug’s hull, the electronic equipment sends sounds to the sea

bottom which are echoed back
The echo is recorded in feet on
the Ferrograph. The sounding
equipment operates on a 12-volt
battery and has three sounding
ranges: (1) from 0 to 60 feet;
(2) from 60 to 120 feet; (3)
from 120 to 180 feet.

With the aid of this ferro-
graph sounder a chart has al-
ready been plotted of a section
of the harbor, especially where
the depth is below the requi
minimum depth.





ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Sondeador Electronico _
Ta Ser Usa na Lugar Di
Chumbo y Cabuya pa Midi §

Awendia nan ta usa un pieza
di equipo electronico pa sondea
}com hundu haf di San Nicolas



shore Graphic Sounder.
| Pa medio di un cable y un)
|trasmisor di senjal cu ta |
tronic equipment eliminates the eee fon Dee ae See |
previous method of lead and| tugboat, e nae aaa
line for manual soundings. ta manda senjal pa bom di Sg
The shallow areas in the har-|¥, © Senjalnan ta a bs hi
bor are caused by sediment that Echo die senjal hi or gees tl
is relocated when tankers back | Tiba rol di pape aa “a ae
up from the finger piers. | graph. E equipo son ee a
Since March 30 this year a| t@ traha cu un bateria di 12 vo t
crane with a clamshell bucket|Â¥ tin tres alcance: (1) di 0 |
has been dredging the shallow) © pia; (2) di 60 te 120 pia, ( ))

The use of this piece of elec-





October 21, 1966





] area in the harbor opposite the

di 120 te 180 pia.

Cu ayudo di e sondeador fer-
rograph ya nan a traha mapa di
un parti di haf, especialmente
na e lugarnan caminda profun-
didad ta menos cu e profundi-
dad cu ta worde exihi.

No. 1 Gasoline Dock.

HOO AND others
HOO Y e otronan ta instala transducer.

install transducer



(Continua di pagina 5)



Uso di equipo electronico fer-|nan a hanja tambe ta mus-
rograph ta haci cu no ta nece- tra cu e tribu Dabajuro, un
sario mas pa usa e metodo an- | tribu relaciona cu Arowaknan, |
terior di un pida chumbo pega tabatin costumber di cushina
na un cabuya, cu cual e sondea-, maishi.
dor ta traha cu su man. | Asina leu cu Jerry sabi, dos

E regionnan di poco profun-| of tres pida di idolo a worde
didad den haf ta causa door di hanjaé den pasado. Pero na
lodo cu ta move ora un tan-|/Tanki Flip si Jerry y su ayu-
quero bek pa sali for di e finger|dantenan a hanja varios pida -
pier nan. un casi henter.

For di 30 di Maart di e anja) Corsow y Bonaire tin masha
aki un grua cu un baki di heru| poco cos cu bo por jama arte-
ta cobando e partinan cu no tin| facto. Como e isla ta keda mas
basta profundidad den haf, di- cerca costa di continente, Aru-
lanti di Gasoline Dock No. 1. | ba tabatin asociacion mas cerca

cu e continente Sur Americano.
See Page 3 for Ademas e corientemente di la-
Drivers’ Safety Quiz



HOO AND Whitlock check chart.

: y Corsow ta muchu mas dificil
HOO Y Whitlock ta examina chart.

|pa nabega cu entre Aruba y



Artefactos Di Aruba

Poco dia pasdé, mientras nan
tabata coba fundeshi na Sava-
neta pa un extension na cas di
Ray Farro di Technical-Process
Engineering, e trahadornan a
hanja dos urna, un grandi cu
wesu aden y un chiquito. Aun-
que nan a sufri danjo, Jerry lo
pega nan na otro.

Jerry ta bisa cu al fin e co-
leccion di Seroe Colorado High
School lo worde regala na e
fundacion cu jama Aruba Nos-
tra. Jerry ta coopera hopi cu e
fundacion aki, cu tin plan pa
lamta un museo aki na Aruba.

E descubrimentonan recien ta
proba cu tin mas tesoronan his-
torico dera bao di tera. Cual-
kier hende cu hanja e artefac-
tonan aki mester trata nan mes-
cos cu un recurso natural. Es-



|Venezuela. E Indjannan tabata |
|biaha entre Aruba y e continen-

HERE ARE THE CORRECT ANSWERS!
Sal anal



ma y lama mes entre Aruba
Mira pag. 3 pa e







eel a] se Pf. |te bai bini den nan cayucanan
Vee LS ore C772). SJ Preguntanan | (canoa traha di palu).
Loox strarcat/tert | ]Loox straicut onty | X ).0 LOOK REAR MIRROR LOOK SIDE MIRROR









to your RIGHT |

Keep your eyes ST

\

RAIGHT/RIGHT. Be on the alert for a possible escape

% )

INCREASE GAS DECREASEGAS |X] OFF GAS. RAISE BEAM
Take your foot OFF th

|
j
a = LOWER BEAM | .
je gas immediately. This an extremely important point to remember. 3 p=,
ee =a a beet E>
\\ we | x $ y ae
>, 2 —- ' 8 vy =
\ Z K —
ge’

SLAM BRAKE xX PUMP BRAKES L PARKING BRAKE





) i Pe













aA















OFF BRAKE









w

BRAKE CAREFULLY. Don't slam on the brake—you migh
quickly as possible, but don’t panic

t lose control. Slow your car down as
Brake quickly, but carefully







: “Dr | Q) > eo |
STEER LEFT X] Steer RIGHT Grip rinmcy [| _HoL0 LooseLY ‘SWERVE













STEER RIGHT. Avoid a head-on collision even if it means going off the road. Never try to go
around the oncoming car by going to the left. He may
will crash head-on

[]_suier NeutRaL

er a = |
7 ae |

1

take the same escape route and you

SHIFT PARK DON’T SHIFT






2
2



[7] siirriow x

DON'T SHIFT. There are more vital things you must do in these Precious seconds to avoid a
serious accident.

X)

SLOW OR STOP. LIGHTS ON & OFF



SHiFT Reverse _[







HOO, WHITLOCK and Giel studying Harbor Map. |
HOO, WHITLOCK y Giel studiando mapa di haf. |





B
p



SIGNAL LEFT











O Sionacricnt [7] r] x]

BLOW HORN. This is to warn the car headed for you, as well as all other cars.

BLOW HORN



Additional control measures: 1: there is no shoulder on the right, but a ditch
instead, angle into the ditch gradually and drive along it until you stop. If the oncoming driver
has returned to his lane and you are off the road, don't return to it too quickly. If you do,
you might cross to the other lane or swerve sideways and roll over.

patel) eenith
|
|
|
|
|

SAFETY HINT: Wheel “Play” |

For maximum safety and control of your car, it is imperative to have the |

correct amount of play in the wheel. Too much play causes a “‘lag’’ in |

the ‘steering which can be very dangerous, especially in emergency
| situations, such as skids

'f there is more than two inches of play in your wheel, you
should have this checked and fixed at once. Be sure to have your steer
ing system checked periodically to assure that it is in perfect working
condition

a see



fighters in fire drill on docks. tario den

pecialmente ora un hende han-
ja un urna completo, no trata
di saké for di tera. Ta necesario
pa un experto haci esey, pa no
destrui loke ta den e urna. Pe-
sey ta consehabel pa jama un
di e miembronan di e fundacion
Aruba Nostra.

Directiva di e fundacion Aru-
ba Nostra ta consisti di A. J.
Booi, president; Pader R. H.
Nooyen, Vice-President; Sra. W.
van Poelje, Secretaria; Drs. V.
Servage, Tesorero; M. S. Kui-
peri y I. E. A. Tjon-Sie-Fat,
miembros.

| NEw BUILDING MATERIAL

(Continued from page 3)
ing BMX, petroleum asphalt
and natural soils that are gen-
erally not useful for agricultu-
ral purposes, are available in
many parts of the world. About
one-third of the earth’s soil is
suitable.

A key facility in the develop-
ment of BMX was a large pilot
plant at Bayway, New Jersey.



ESSO ORANJESTAD assisting volunteer fire- ESSO ORANJESTAD ta asisti bomberonan volun-

practica pa paga candela.



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Aruba Esso news
author Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
extent v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.
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October 21, 1966
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rul
VOL. 27, No. 21
Esso
PUBLISHED BY LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD.
Lago Employees Receive Recognition
For One Million Injury Free Manhours
Lago employees have earned a certificate from the Esso Latin
American Manufacturing Safety Council for working one million
manhours without a disabling injury.
Competing with four other Esso refineries in Latin America,
Lago achieved the one-million mark in the period between May
and August this year. The,
other competing companies in fety programs of affiliated
Group A (with 1 million or companies, the Esso Latin Am-
mo manhous per year) wreerican Safety Council was set
more manhours per year) were
the Campana, Cartagena, Am- up in the middle of this year.
The program of the Council
uay and Talara refineries. The rm the Counci
is coordinated through the New
Aimed at stimulating the sa- York office.
iis
A
) SP CIAL AWARD
One Million Manhours
\Without Disabling Injury
IAGO REFINERY
August 19, 1966
': ~ i-
SPECIAL AWARD from Esso Latin American Manufacturing Safety
Council to Lago Refinery.
Kiwanis International President Dr. G. Reed Jr.
(fourth from left) and his party visited Lago Oct.
3. They were taken on a refinery tour by Vice Pre-
sident J. M. Ballenger (5th from right), R. E. Boy-
ack, Mechanical Manager (2nd from left) and N.
P. Schindeler (3rd from right), who are all Kiwa-
nians. Other Aruba Kiwanians accompanying the
group were Morris Serphos (extreme left) and Fred
Wong (extreme right).
President Internacional di Kiwanis Dr. G. Reed Jr.
(di 4 di robez) y su grupo a bishita Lago Oct. 3.
Nan a ser hiba ariba un paseo den refineria door di
Vice President J. M. Ballenger (di 3 di drechi), R.
E. Boyack, Gerente Mecanical (2do di robez) y N.
P. Schindeler (3er di drechi), kende tur ta miembro
di Kiwanis. Otro Kiwanis di Aruba cu a acompanja
e grupo tabata Morris Serphos (mas na robez) y
Fred Wong (mas na drechi).
Four Employees and One Ex-Employee
Receive CYI Awards During September
Four employees and one ex-employee were CYI winners during
September. Three were from Process and two from Mechanical.
The ex-employee was Jose G. Ruiz, an Instrumentman A, who
accepted employment with a construction company in St. Croix.
Although he is no longer an employee and is abroad, he still
qualifies under the CYI pro-
gram and will receive his Fls.30
award by check. Like any other
employee, ex-employees are al-
so protected under the two-year
clause of the CYI program.
Wilhelm Geerman, an assis-
tant operator in Process-Refin-
ing, had two ideas adopted. He
received Fls. 40 for on idea to
install a chain block northeast
of the chemical injector pot at
PCAR. His other idea, calling
for installing a 1-inch caustic
line from caustic pump No. 919
discharge on the FGS DEA sys-
tem, earned him Fls. 25.
A supplemental award of
Fls. 35 went to Andresito Croes,
an assistant operator in Proc-
ess-Refining. Previously, in De-
cember, 1965, he received an
initial award of Fls. 50 and
Fls. 25 for being the safety sug-
gester of the month of Decem-
ber, 1965. He suggested to tie in
both slurry pumps strainers in-
to a hot pump line at PCAR.
The other two September
CYI winners were:
Eugenio Damian
Process-Utilities FIs. 25
Enrique Hazel
Mechanical-Machinist FIs. 25
Dec. 31, 1966 Final Date
For Early Retirement
Program
In a meeting at the end of
last month, the Management
Committee confirmed its deci-
sion to retain December 31,
1966 as the final date for the
Early Retirement Program.
Eligible employees wishing to
take advantage of the increased
benefits under the program
should apply as soon as pos-
sible through their supervisor.
Dec. 31, 1966 Fecha Final
Pa Program di Pensioen
Anticip6
Den un reunion teni na fin di
luna pasa, e Comision di Ge-
rencia a decidi di fiha 31 di
December 1966 como fecha fi-
nal pa e Programa di Pensioen
Anticipi.
Empleadonan cu ta eligibel,
y cu ta desea di probecha di e
beneficionan aumenti bao di e
program aki, mester haci apli-
cacion mas pronto posibel pa
medio di nan supervisor.
-
--- .-- ---, -~
THIS MAY well have been the ritual for burying ESAKI POR wel tabata e rituo pa dera Indiannan
Indians in Aruba's early days. (See pages 4 & 5). den tempo pasa na Aruba (Mira Pagina 4 & 5).
Prijs Di Productonan Di Azeta Ta Baha
Mientras Otro Ta Subi Den Diez Anja
Unda cu bo drei awendia bo ta lesa di inflation den prensa,
y pesey ta interesante pa tur di nos observa cu cierto sentimen-
to di orguljo cu prijsnan por mayor di zeta crudo, gasoline y
destiladonan median a baha durante ultimo diez anja, net con-
trario cu e tendencia general pa articulonan di uso cu a bira
mas caro.
Desde 1957 te na e promer Tin hopi motibo pa esey, en-
seis luna di 1966 inclusive, in- tre nan tin much hopi zeta ri-
dice di prijsnan di tur articulo ba mercado y competencia fe-
di uso por mayor a subi 6.5 por- roz pero y aki un cierto
ciento. Mientrastanto prijs di orguljo pa nos ta drenta: loke
zeta crudo a baha 4 porciento, a haci e prijsnan mas abao po-
y prijs por mayor di gasoline a sibel ta cu miles di hende den
baha hasta 6.3 porciento. industrial di petroleo ta hacien-
Indica di prijsnan por mayor do tur loke nan por pa cumpli
pa destiladonan median, ma- cu nan trabao net un tiki mas
nera combustible liviano y zeta mihor cada un di e 3650 dia-
diesel a baha 9.2 porciento. nan ey.
El
I_ I
iI
2 00121.jpg
ARUBA ESSO NEWS
ARVBAuN iWS
PUBLISHED EVERY OTHER FRIDAY. AT ARUBA. NETHERLANDS AMTILLES
BY LAGO OIL & TRANkPORT CO., LTD
Printed by the Verenlgde Antllliaanse Drukkerijen N V Nth Ant
E. Villanueva, Editor L. 1. De Lange, Publications Asst.
J. M. De Cuba, Photographer A. Werleman, Publications Afst.
Protect Our Natural Resources
Aruba's natural resources take a number of forms. Whatever;
they may be, it's the task of every citizen to help protect them.
Our natural resources are not all hidden in the ground, but
some are. Take for instance, the remnants of early civilization
found in the ground at various places. They have their historic
value. They are about the only resources that tell us about the
early inhabitants, the Arowak Indians. Any artifacts found that
could give more information about the early cultures should be
preserved and handled with care.
Other natural resources are our fine beaches, caves, and In-
dian scripts on rocks and natural rock formations. These should
be kept clean and undamaged.
Friendliness of the local population is another asset for Aruba.
In view of the growing tourist industry, this is an especially
valuable resource of future economic growth.
The island is also known for its cleanliness. Everyone should,
contribute towards keeping up our good name in this area.
All of these resources should be considered in terms of their:
value to the community.
We can only gain by protecting them.
Oil is A Lago Resource
Hpln S.tnn nil I ns
Completing their 12-week plumbing course under
the Retraining Program recently were: (2nd from
L to R) Narciso M. Dirksz, Basilio Wernet, William
H. Gibbs, Epifanio Semeleer and Eustace C. Milton.
They received their certificates from Instructor
Marco M. Stamper (far right). On hand for closing
the session was Carlos De Cuba, Retraining Conm-
mittee secretary (far left).
Completando nan curso di plombzro di 12 siman bao
e Program di Re-entrenamento recientemente ta-
bata: (2do di robez pa D) Narciso M. Dirksz, Basi-
lio Wernet, William H. Gibbs, Epifanio Semeleer y
Eustace C. Milton. Nan a recibi nan certificado for
di Instructor Marco M. Stamper extremeo drechi).
Tambe present pa clausura e curso tabata Carlos
De Cuba, secretario di Comite di Re-entrenamento
extremeo robez).
Petroleum Prices Drop Economic Considerations Important
Proteha Nos Recursonan Natural While Others Increase ic r In elopin Tanker D gn
Aruba su recursonan natural tin hopi forma. No ta importa What with inflation so much fact or In De 0ping Tanker Design
kiko nan ta, obligacion di tur ciudadano ta di proteha nan. in the news today, it is inter- Ships come in all sizes and designs. But whatever their size or
No tur nos recursonan natural ta scondi bao di tera, pero al- testing for all of us to note with design, the main objective of tankers is to carry oil at the lowest
... some sense of pride that whole- .
gun ta. Por ehempel, restonan di un civilizacion anterior cu ta sale prices for crude oil, waso- possible cost. To meet this objective, tankers have grown con-
dera bao di tera na various lugar. Nan tin nan balor historic. line and middle distillates went siderably in size and speed in the last ten years.
Nan ta casi e unico recursonan cu ta informa nos tocante e habi- down over the past 10 years, Tne first tanker to transport oil in bulk was the Gluckauf,
tantenan di hopi tempu pasa di Aruba, Indjannan Arowak. Cual- bucking the general trend in owned by what is now a German
kier cos cu nan tabata usa como herment y pa uso di cas cu por commodity prices. affiliate. The 3,000 dwt. tanker trudging bow has been noticed
duna nos mas information tocante culturanan anciano, mester From 1957 through the first was built in 1886. for some time on some Esso
S.rom yi inrough During the period between tankers calling at Lago.
worde preserve. y trati cu mashar cuidao. six month of 1966 the whole- During the period between tankers calling at Lago.
six month of 1966 the whle-1939 and 1950, tanker size in- This is one innovation that
Otro recursonan natural ta nos playanan bunita, cuebanan, y sale price index of all commo- creased on the average from has been developed by Esso na-
loke Indjannan a pinta riba piedra y formacionnan di baranca. doties rose 6.5 per cent. Mean- about 16,000 to 26,000 dwt. val architects. Of all recent dev-
Ta necesario pa tene esakinan limpi y sin danjo. while, crude oil prices dropped Between the late fifties and elopments in ship design, it is
Carinjo di nos poblacion local ta un otro riqueza di Aruba. Cu 4 per cent and wholesale aso- the early sixties, size had treo- likely that none has caused
line prices declined 6.3 per cent. bled to about 80,000/90,000 greater interest among tanker
bista riba nos industrial turistica cu ta bayendo dilanti, esaki ta The wholesale index for middle tons. and bulk carrier owners than
an recurso masha precioso pa nos crecemento economic. distillates such as light fuel oils Now the newest tankers on this large protruding bulbous
Tambe nos isla ta conoci pa su limpieza. Tur hende mester and diesel fuel decreased 9.2 per order are of 170,000 dwt. They bow.
contribui nan parti pa sostene nos bon reputation den e sentido cent. will be able to carry the car- These are now fitted to most
aki. Many reasons for this, among goes of 11 T-2 tankers, which of the vessels in the Esso fam-
Nos mester mira tur e recursonan ey den termino di
pa nos comunidad.
Si nos tur proteha nan, e probecho ta pa nos mes.
Azeta Ta Recurso Di Lago,
Yuda Stop Perdida Di Azeta
nan balor'
them oversupply and fierce
competition but and here's
where the pride comes in ---
what made the lower prices pos-
sible was thousands of people
in the oil industry doing their
best to do their jobs just a
little bit better every day for
those 3650 days.
SHOWN HERE are two tanker bows, one with AKI NOS ta mira dos proa di tanquero, un proa cu
bulbous bow and one without it. bola grand y un comun.
were the workhorses during the
Second World War and shortly
thereafter. The T-2s can carry
about 16,600 tons of cargo.
SSize Increase poses Problems
While the size increase of'
tankers is apparently an econo-1
mically attractive way of reduc-
ing transportation cost, the size
increase poses many problems
Not every harbor can accom-
modate these giants. One way
to handle them is by building
offshore docking facilities.
At Lago, we are aware of;
these problems and they are be-'
ily and are also bemng installed
on quite a few of the newer
tankers and bulk carriers being
delivered to our competitors.
These bulbous bows can be
fitted to older tankers as well.
This innovation produces a
marked improvement in the ba-
sic relationship between a ship's
speed and power that would not
have been considered possible a
few years ago.
Tests favor Bulb Bow
Tests made at identical
speeds have borne out that ves-
sels with the regular bow ex-
ing studied. The San Nicolas perience more resistance from
Harbor has a depth of about 40 wavemaking than the bulbous
feet and its piers can accom- bow. The two pictures (below)
modate vessels up to 67,000 show models of the same design
dwt. (such as the Esso Zurich) 'with and without an Esso bulb
and up to 800 feet in length, bow, running at the same speed.
It is believed that larger tan- The graph on the bow demon-
kers, in excess of 200,000 dwt., states the remarkable reduc-
are approaching the maximum tion in wavemaking that is
safe operating water depths in achieved.
some important areas, such as It has been proven that speed
in the Straits of Malacca and increased nearly one knot, con-
parts of the North Sea. In ad- sidering the average of loaded
edition, it may not be possible and ballast conditions. This is
for them to transit the Suez equivalent to an increase in del-
and Panama Canals because of very capacity of approximately
draft regulations and maneuv- 5 per cent. On an average, it
erability. costs about $400 an hour to
An odd looking bulb-like pro- operate present-day tankers.
M
I
I
October 21, 1966
3 00122.jpg
October 21, 1966
Consideraciones Economico
Den Desaroljo di Disenjo
Nos ta mira barcunan di tur forma y gran
porta kiko nan forma ta of nan grandura, e
un tanquero ta di trasporta zeta na un cost
quito posibel. Pa alcanza e obhetivo ey, tan
ciendo den grandura y velocidad den ultimo
E promer tanqucro pa tras-
porta zeta na granel tabata Mar del No0
Gliickauf, propiedad di loke mas por ta
awendia ta un afiliado Aleman. nan cruza
E tanquero aki di 3000 tone- Panama pa
lala di peso bashi a worde con-'tonan tocan
strui na 1886. cilidad di m
Durante e period di 1939 pa I
1950, grandura di tanquero a
Important New Building Material Developed by ERE
di Tanquero
a.o no m-For Rapidly Growing Construction Industry
principal obhetivo di
ssau nflsreaLc. anu rwgiLneeJr-
in Com n has de ned a pending in the U.S. and other faces and close dimensional to-
ing Company has developed a countries of the free world. lerances, one coat of plaster is
new building material made Credit for the development of all that is needed for a finished
from soil and a petroleum-based the new material goes to several interior and two mortar sys-
binder. ERE divisions. teams are possible: one utilizing
The new material, known as Extensive tests have shown the conventional trowel-and-
BMX, may be manufactured in that BMX has greater strength mortar technique, the other
,available per unit weight, lower moisture utilizing an ordinary paint rol-
available commercial-type absorption and better freeze- ler for rapid construction.
equipment, using ERE-develop- thaw properties than conventio- Raw Materials Abundant
ed technology. nal building materials. In addi- The raw materials for mak-
The company spent more tion, because of its smooth sur- (Continued on page 6)
than five years developing and
testing the new material as part
of its continuing program seek- Driver Accident Prevention
ing new uses for petroleum.
The immediate market for
BMX, which can be used as a
direct replacement for conven-
tional masonry products, is in
the large and rapidly growing .4
construction industries of the
United States and Europe.
First U.S. Licensee
:o cu ta di mas chi-
queronan a bay cre-
diez anja.
rte na Europa. Ade-
cu no ta posibel pa
canal di Suez y di
motibo di reglamen-
te nan calado y fa-
aniobra.
n den Disenjo
subi cu un promedio di 16,000 Ta algun tempu caba cu nos
te 26,000 peso bashi. I observa un cos manera on bola
Pero entire fin di anjanan cm- grand na e proa di algun tan-
cuenta y cuminzamento di anja- quero Esso cu ta bishita Lago.
nan sesenta, ya nan grandura Esaki ta un cos nobo desar-
a bira tres bez mas grand est. olja door di arquitectonan ma-,
80,000/90,000 ton. ritimo di Esso. Di tur e reciente
Awendia e tanqueronan cu desaroljonan den disenjo di bar-
nan a pidi ta midi li0,000 tone- cu, probablemente nngun a
lada bashi. Nan lo por carga 11 causa asina tantu interest entire
bez e carga cu un tanquero T-/ donjonan di tanquero y barcu
por caiga. E tanqueronan T-2 di carga na granel cu e nanishi
tabata e tanqucronan cu a haci rondo di e barcunan ey.
trabao di buricu c!urante segun- Actualmente mayoria di e
da gera mundial y algun anja barcunan den famia di Esso ya
despues. Un T-2 por trasporta tin e proa rond6, y e inotacion
un carga di 16,600 ton di zeta. aki ta ser install den cantidad
Mientras cu e aumento di di tanqueronan nobo y barcu-
grandura di tanqueronan apa- nan pa carga na granel cu tai
rentemente ta un manera cco- worde entrega na nos compeli-
nomicamente atractivo pa redu- dornan.
ci costo di trasportacion, nan Experimentonan haci cu bar-i
grandura a crea hopi problema. cu cu ta core cu un velocidad
No tur haf por acomoda e gi- i,,antin nronh ,, honunon ,
gantenan flotante ey. Un ma-
nera pa recibi un tanquero asin'i
ta di traha facilidadnan camin-
da nan por ancra pafor di haf.
Haf di San Nicolas
un proa comun ta hanja mas,
resistencia di lantamento di olao
cu esnan cu un nanishi rondo.:
Riba e portretnan aki bao nos,
ta mira modelonan di e mes di-
senjo, un cu e proa rondo Esso
Na Lago nos ta na altura di y e otro sin dje, coriendo na e
tal problemanan, y nan ta bao mes velocidad. E marca banda
di studio actualmente. Haf di di su proa ta mustra un reduc-
San Nicolas ta mas o menos 40 cion notable di e olanan cu e
pia hundu y su wafnan por tu- barcu ta lanta.
ma barcu te 67,000 tonelada pe- Nan a proba cu velocidad di
so bashi (manera Essu Ziirich) e barcu a subi casi un milja pa
y di un largura di no mas cu ora, considerando e condicionan
800 pia. promedio di e barcu su carga-
Ta bisa cu tanqueronan mas mento y su laster. Esaki ta
grand, cu ta excede 200,000 ton equivalent na un mehoranza di
di peso bashi, ta jegando na e su capacidad pa trasporta di
limited cu nan p)r nabega cu sc- mas of menos 5 porciento. Cos-
guridad den awanan di algun to di operation di un tanquero'
region important, manera Es- di awendia ta un promedio di:
trecho di Malca y partinan di $400 pa ora.
The Economic Attractiveness of Fitting
Esso Bulbous Bow to a 50,000 DWT Ton
BASIC DATA
Trade Caribbean Continental
Europe
Charter Rate
Sea speed without bulb
Average speed Increase due to
bulb
Service and Port allowance
Net average speed increase
Cost of Bulb Installation
(Excluding Design & License)
License & Design Fees
Total Capital Investmert
Annual Increase in Caigo
Capacity
Value of Annual Increased Cargo
Capacity at Intascale 50%
LESS:
Increased Port Charges, etc.
Net Annual Savings Due to Bulb
PAYOUT PERIOD
Return on Investment
* Done in normal 5-day repair
time.
- Intascale 50%
- 16 Knots
- 44%
The first U.S. licensee is the
Sayre and Fisher Company of
Sayreville, N.J., which offered
the first public demonstration
of BMX products as the annual
convention of the New Jersey'
Society of Architects, which
opened at Spring Lake last
month. Several patents on thej
process have already been is-
sued to ERE, and others are
Empleadonan Ta Cumpli
Miljon Ora Sin Desgracia
Empleadonan di Lago a me-
rece un certificado di Conseho
di Seguridad Esso Latina Ame-
ricano di Fabricacion, pasobra
nan a traha un miljon di ora di 1.
trahador sin ningun desgracia
incapacitante.
Competiendo cu cuater otro
refineria Esso na America La-
tina, Lago a jega na e meta di
un miljon ora den e period en- 2.
tre Mei y Augustus di e anja
aki. E otro companianan den e
competencia aki den Grupo A 3.
(cu ta traha 1 miljon of mas
ora di trahador den un anja)
tabata refinerianan di Campa-
na, Cartagena, Amuay y Ta-
lara.
Cu obhetivo pa stimula e pro- 4
gramanan di seguridad den
companianan afiliA, e Conseho
di Seguridad Esso Latino Ame 5.
ricano di Fabricacion a ser or-
ganisi meimei di e anja aki.
Program di e Conseho aki ta 6.
coordinA door di oficina na
Nueva York.
YOU ROUND A CURVE AND A CAR
IS APPROACHING...IN YOUR LANE!
think what would you do?
With your eyes? (Put an X"' through what YOU would do!)
I SR
- o SR. Ag UT~
LOOK SrAICHT ONLY iLOOK STRtlGETIRnG I
<7
LOOK REAR MIRROR
LOOK SIDE MIRROR
With your feet?
INCREASE GAS DECREASE GAS OFF GAS RAISE BEAM LOWER BEAM
SLAM BRAKE
M,
PUMP BRAKES
OFF BRAKE
SPARKING BRAKE
With your hands?
---- I
- 10%
- 4%
New
Construction
$10,000
45,000
$55,000
26,000 L.T.
$60,000
2,500
$57,500
1 YEAR
100%
Existing Ship
Remaining Life:
15 Yrs
$ 80,000o
45,000
$125,000
26,000 L.T.
$ 60,000
2,500
$ 57,500
2.2 YEARS
45%
period; no additional out-of-service
T-2 [6,900 DWT
h---,----t- ---I--- -
100,000 DWT
170,000 DWT
I
L
ARUBA ESSO NEWS
I
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4 00123.jpg
ARUBA ESSO NEWS
October 21, 1966
-^ ,.-t-r ': -'-
DIGGING EXPEDITION at Tanki Flip
EXPEDICION PA bai coba na Tanki Flip.
BURIAL URN found at Savaneta WEYA PA dera Indian haya na Savaneta.
INDIAN BURIAL urn recently found at Ray Farro's home.
URNA PA dera Indian haya poco tempo pasi na cas di Rey Farro.
Maestro Lester Y E
Hundo Den Pasado
E promer habitantenan di A
wak, a laga masha poco pa noE
cepcion di algun cos pinta den
di loke nos sabi awendia tocant
di artefactonan (herment y art
sitionan caminda nan tabata bi-
ba: Tanki Flip, Santa Cruz y
Savaneta.
Deseo pa sabi mas tocante e
habitantenan antiguo nunca a
stop di existi. Como part di un
project di klas, maestro Jerry
i irlin n Tt Pn A
sUUIIInGs d UaUd Aruba, y esey ta un circunstan-
pa H a Artefa s cia adicional pa conocemento v
pa Haya Artefactos excitacion pa busca mas infor-
ruba, Indjannan di e tribu Aro- macion tocante e lugar caminda
I nan ta biba
Sdi nan pasado historic. Cu ex- E cobamento si no tabata asi-
cuebanan y riba piedra, mayoria na facil. Algun lugar ta jen di
e nan existencia a ser revela for sumpinja y hopi much lo no
iculo di uso den cas) hanja na c lubida asina liher experiencia
di word pencha di repente door
Lester y estudiantenan di Seroe di sumplnja. Tabata necesario
Colorado High School a cuminza pa coba tera mas of menos 20
coba na Tanki Flip. pa 40 pia, y un pia hundo.
Jerry a cuminza samina e te- Un di aspectonan mas exci-
reno rond di Tanki Flip for di tante di cualkier buscamento
un anja y mei pasa. Ora el a ta, di haya algu cu ta signifi-
descubri algun artefacto, el a cantemente diferente. Na cu-
hiba su alumnonan aya. Nan minzamente di anja 1965 Les-
tabata basta excita tocante e ter y su alumnonan a hanja
project, y cu me- tantu deseo loke a rest di un komchi (pa-
cu nan maestro pa sabi mas to- langana) cu tabata diferente
cante historic di e promer tri-tantu den estilo como den con-
Sbunan cu a biba riba e isla aki. struccion for di cualkier otro cu
Hopi di e muchanan a nace na (Continud na pagina 5)
(L to R): 2 fertility idols, face from neck of ARIBA: (R pa D): 2 idolo, figure di cara, pieza
side ornament, part of cup, side of bowl, 2 ornamental, parti di un kopi, banda di un komchi.
side ornaments, otner part of cup, head from 2 pida ornamental chikito, other parti di kopi,
base of a bowl. cabez for di base di un komchi.
MR. AND MRS. R. FARRO proudly display a large urn found while
workers were digging foundation of extension to their home in
Savaneta.
SR. Y SRA. R. FARRO cu orguljo ta munstra un weya grand haya
mientras trahadornan tabata coba fundeshi pa extension di nan cas
na Savaneta.
K
F
5 00125.jpg
October 21, 1966 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 5
THIS ORNAMENTAL piece is a design reconstructed from artifacts
shown below and next page which ware found at Tanki Flip.
E PIEZA di adorno aki ta un disenjo reconstrui for di artefactos
munstra aki bao y na otro pagina, cual a ser haya na Tanki Flip.
I
IN THEIR digging expedition at Tanki Flip teacher DEN NAN expedicion di cobamento na Tanki Flip,
Lester and children from Seroe Colorado High maestro Jerry Lester y muchanan for di School di
School found many remnants of Indian civilization. Seroe Colorado a haya hopi resto di civilizacion di
Indiannan.
Teacher Lester and Students Dig Deep culture, and a spindle wheel, in-
i dicating a certain amount of
Into Aruba's Past; Finds: Artifacts weaving took place.
The first inhabitants of Aruba, the Arowak indians, left little The pieces of griddle found
of their historic past. Except for some scripts in caves and stone, also indicate that th Dabajuro,
a subculture of the Arowaks,
most of what is known today about their existence has been used to cook grain.
revealed from artifacts found where they used to live: Tanki As far as Jerry knows, there
Flip, Santa Cruz and Savaneta. have been two or three pieces
The desire to know more of idols found in the past. Yet,
about these early inhabitants something significantly differ- in Tanki Flip, Jerry and helpers
has never ended. As part of a ent. In the spring of 1965, Les- found several pieces one be-
class project, schoolteacher ter and the children found the ing almost complete.
Jerry Lester and Seroe Colo- remnants of a bowl, which was Curacao and Bonaire have
rado High School students went different both in style and con- very little in terms of artifacts.
out to dig at Tanki Flip. struction from anything that Because of being nearer to the
Jerry started sounding the had been discovered in the past. mainland, Aruba has closer as-
Tanki Flip area about a year, While it bore some resemblance, sociation with the South Amer-
and a half ago. When he dis- it was also different from the ican continent. Also, ocean cur-
covered some artifacts, he took finds in Venezuela. The Aro- rents and the sea between Aru-
the children out there. They waks reportedly hail from the ba and Curagao are more diffi-
were quite excited about the Caiquetios family in Estado La- cult to navigate than those be-
project and were as eager as ra and Falcon. tween Aruba and Venezuela.
their teacher to know more Although it's difficult to say, The Indians used to travel back
about the history of the first there are indications that the and forth between Aruba and
tribes that inhabited their is- same group of people had lived the mainland in their "cayu-
land. Many of the children were at Tanki Flip and Savaneta, but cas" (canoe made from log).
born in Aruba and this adds to at different times. One indica- Recently, while digging the
the knowledge and excitement tion is that red pottery painted foundation in Savaneta for an
of finding out new information with black found at Savaneta extension to the home of Ray
about their home. had not been found at Tanki Farro of Technical-Process En-
The digging has not been all Flip. gineering, the men found two
easy going. Some spots are full Finds: Artiacts urns, a l e one with bones
of cactus and many of the and a small one. Although they
children won't forget the ex- What Jerry and the school were damaged, Jerry will put
perience of having been "needl- children found includes; bowls, them together.
ed unexpectedly. Excavations
of about 20 by 40 feet and one
TEACHER G. D. LESTER explains rare piece found at Tanki Flip,
a residential area of early Indians.
MAESTRO G. D. LESTER ta splica un artefacto stranjo cu el a
haya na Tanki Flip, cual tabata lugar di biba di Indiannan.
Artefactos Di Aruba
(Continud di pagina 4) Savaneta, pero no na Tanki
a ser descubri den pasado. Aun- Flip.
que e tabata parce esunnan di Algun cos cu Jerry y su alum-
Venezuela, toch e tabata dife- nonan a hanja ta: wea, cos di
rente for di nan. Segun nan ta cushia aden, poeroen di awa,
bisa Indjannan Arowak ta bini piezanan ceremonial, wesu di
di e famia di Caiquetionan for pisch y casca di morcoi. Tambe
di Estado Lara y Falc6n. nan a hanja pida pida plancha
Aunque ta dificil pa bisa, tin di cachapa, loke ta aparente-
indicacion cu e mes grupo di mente incomun pa e cultural aki,
hende a biba tantu na Tanki y un wiel pa traha hilo cual ta
Flip como na Savaneta, pero laga nosk ere cu tabatin cierto
durante diferente period. Un fabricacion di panja.
indication ta cu weanan cora E pida plancha di cachapa
pinta pretu a worde hanji na (Continud na pagina 6)
cooking utensis, water jugs,
ceremonial pieces, fish verte-
foot deep had to be made. brae and turtle shells. Also
One of the exciting aspects found were pieces of griddles,
of any search is the finding of which seem unusual for this
4 ',,
4t7
BOWL DESIGN tells old story.
DISENJO DI wea ta conta historic biew.
Collection Will Go To Aruba
Nostra
Jerry says that eventually
the Seroe Colorado School col-
lection will be donated to the
Aruba Nostra Foundation. Jer-
ry also works very closely with
this foundation, which plans to
set up a museum in Aruba
The recent find proves that
there are many more hidden
historic treasures in the ground.
Anyone who finds these arti-
facts should treat them like na-
t u r a I resources. Especially
when complete urns are found,
one should not try to move
them. Expert handling is re-
quired so as not to destroy them
or their contents. Therefore, it's
advisable to contact any of the
members of the Aruba Nostra
Foundation.
The board of the Aruba Nos-
tra Foundation consists of: A.
J. Booi, president, Father R. H.
Nooyen, vice president; Mrs. W.
van Poelje, secretary; Drs. V.
Servage, treasurer; M. S. Kui-
peri and I. E. A. Tjon-Sie-Fat,
members.
6 00124.jpg
New Electronic Ferrograph Sounder
Replaces Line-and-Lead Soundings
A piece of electronic equipment is now being used for sounding
in San Nicolas Harbor. This is the Ferrograph Inshore Graphic
Sounder.
By means of a cable and transducer attached below water level
on a tug's hull, the electronic equipment sends sounds to the sea
bottom which are echoed back.
The echo is recorded in feet on
the Ferrograph The sounding
equipment operates on a 12-volt
battery and has three sounding
ranges: (1) from 0 to 60 feet;
(2) from 60 to 120 feet; (3)
from 120 to 180 feet.
With the aid of this ferro-
graph sounder a chart has al-
ready been plotted of a section
of the harbor, especially where
the depth is below the required
minimum depth.
The use of this piece of elec-
tronic equipment eliminates the
previous method of lead and
line for manual soundings.
The shallow areas in the har-
bor are caused by sediment that
is relocated when tankers back
up from the finger piers.
Since March 30 this year a
crane with a clamshell bucket
has been dredging the shallow
area in the harbor opposite the
No. 1 Gasoline Dock.
-i'-t
HOO AND Whitlock check chart.
HOO Y Whitlock ta examine chart.
HERE ARE THE CORRECT ANSWERS!
.00 LO, STA414Hl/L.. J SIM Hr L k U, T TR.. .IGHT, ] RIGHT LOOK REL MIRROR L00N SIDE MIRROR
Keep your eyes STRAIGHT/RIGHT Be on the alert for a possible escape to your RIGHT,
2. 7
NCRESE S RES OAS RAISE BF a LOWER BEAM
Take your loot OFF the gas immediately This an extremely important point to remember
3.
SLAM BtAE Bi CtaU PUMPAKES i OFF BA PARKING BRAKE
BRAKE CAREFULLY Don't slam on the brake-you might lose control Slow your car down as
quickly as possible, but don't panic Brake quickly, but carefully.
4. VRIC K I
STEER RIGHT Avoid a head on collision even if it means going off the road Never try to go
around the oncoming car by going to the left He may take the same escape route and you
will crash head on
ARUBA ESSO NEWS
Sondeador Electronico
Ta Ser Usa na Lugar Di
Chumbo y Cabuya pa Midi
Awendia nan ta usa un pieza
di equipo electronic pa sondea
com hundu haf di San Nicolas
ta. Esaki yama Ferrograph In- r
shore Graphic Sounder.
Pa medio di un cable y un Y'j
trasmisor di senjal cu ta poni
bao di awa pegi na curpa di un
tugboat, e equipo electronic i 'ft ,,
ta manda senjal pa bom di lama,, ,
y e senjalnan ta dal bini bek. .
Echo di e senjal ta worde scirbi
riba rol di papel den e Ferro-
graph. E equipo di sondea aki .
ta traha cu un bacteria di 12 volt
y tin tres alcance: (1) di 0 te
60 pia; (2) di 60 te 120 pia, (3)
di 120 te 180 pia.
Cu ayudo di e sondeador fer- HOO AND others
rograph ya nan a traha mapa di HOO Y e otronan ta
un parti di haf, especialmente
na e lugarnan caminda profun- Artefacto,,
didad ta menos cu e profundi-
dad cu ta word exihi. (Continud di pagina 5)
Uso di equipo electronic fer- nan a hanja tambe ta mus-
rograph ta haci cu no ta nece- tra cu e tribu Dabajuro, un
sario mas pa usa e metodo an- tribu relaciona cu Arowaknan,
terior di un pida chumbo pegi tabatin costumber di cushina
na un cabuya, cu cual e sondea- maishi.
dor ta traha cu su man. Asina leu cu Jerry sabi, dos
E regionnan di poco profun- of tres pida di idolo a worde
didad den haf ta caus. door di hanjh den pasado. Pero na
lodo cu ta move ora un tan- Tanki Flip si Jerry y su ayu-
quero bek pa sali for di e finger dantenan a hanja various pida -
pier nan. un casi henter.
For di 30 di Maart di e anja Corsow y Bonaire tin masha
aki un grua cu un baki di heru poco cos cu bo por jama arte-
ta cobando e partinan cu no tin facto. Como e isla ta keda mas
basta profundidad den haf, di- cerca costa di continent, Aru-
lanti di Gasoline Dock No. 1. ba tabatin asociacion mas cerca
cu e continent Sur Americano.
See Page 3 for Ademas e corientemente di la-
.r ma y lama mes entire Aruba
Drivers' Safety Quiz y Corsow ta much mas dificil
pa nabega cu entire Aruba y
ira Venezuela. E Indjannan tabata
M a pag. pa e biaha entire Aruba y e continen-
Preguntanan te bai bini den nan cayucanan
(canoa traha di palu).
O f _ .
4s0t
slnI LOWI
minrto I
k Ato&
tlzfMt
DON'T SHIFT. There are more vital things you must do in these precious seconds to avoid a
serious accident
sKIIO RIT sINAL LEFT LK KnSTO0 2 UOnSOCOFF X LOWHORN
BLOW HORN This is to warn the car headed for you, as well as all other cars.
Additional control measures: If there ,s no shoulder on the right. but a dtch
instead, angle into the ditch gradually and drive along it until you stop If the oncoming driver
has returned to his lane and you are off the road, don't return to it too quickly. If you do,
you might cross to the other lane or swerve sideways and roll over
HOO, WHITLOCK and Giel studying Harbor Map.
HOO, WHITLOCK y Giel studiando mapa di haf.
October 21, 1966
ann.
install transducer
Sinstala transducer.
s Di Aruba
Poco dia pasA, mientras nan
tabata coba fundeshi na Sava-
neta pa un extension na cas di
Ray Farro di Technical-Process
Engineering, e trahadornan a
hanja dos urna, un grand cu
wesu aden y un chiquito. Aun-
que nan a sufri danjo, Jerry lo
pega nan na otro.
Jerry ta bisa cu al fin e co-
leccion di Seroe Colorado High
School lo worde regali na e
fundacion cu jama Aruba Nos-
tra. Jerry ta cooper hopi cu e
fundacion aki, cu tin plan pa
lamta un museo aki na Aruba.
E descubrimentonan recien ta
proba cu tin mas tesoronan his-
torico dern bao di tera. Cual-
kier hende cu hanja e artefac-
tonan aki mester trata nan mes-
cos cu un recurso natural. Es-
pecialmente ora un hende han-
ja un urna complete, no trata
di sak6 for di tera. Ta necesario
pa un expert haci esey, pa no
de3trui loke ta den e urna. Pe-
sey ta consehabel pa jama un
di e miembronan di e fundacion
Aruba Nostra.
Directiva di e fundacion Aru-
ba Nostra ta consisti di A. J.
Booi, president; Pader R. H.
Nooyen, Vice-President; Sra. W.
van Poelje, Secretaria; Drs. V.
Servage, Tesorero; M. S. Kui-
peri y I. E. A. Tjon-Sie-Fat,
miembros.
NEW BUILDING MATERIAL
(Continued from page 3)
ing BMX, petroleum asphalt
and natural soils that are gen-
erally not useful for agricultu-
ral purposes, are available in
many parts of the world. About
one-third of the earth's soil is
suitable.
A key facility in the develop-
ment of BMX was a large pilot
plant at Bayway, New Jersey.
_ 4
I
SAFETY
For mamrnum safety and c
correct amount of play in
the steering which can
situations, such as skids
If there is mo
should have this checked
ing system checked perno
condition
HINT: Wheel "Play"
control of your car, it is imperative to have the
the wheel Too much play causes a "lag" in
be very dangerous, especially in emergency
ire than two inches of play in your wheel, you
and fixed at once Be sure to have your steer
dlcally to assure that it is in perfect working
ESSO ORANJESTAD assisting volunteer fire- ESSO ORANJESTAD ta asisti bomberonan volun-
fighters in fire drill on docks. tario den practice pa paga candela.
I I
C
i3sp~
r
,:
104
X 00 1 S11IFT
A..
5. N# ,
7 SNIFTNELTRAL


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a

O

i





ruba Esso Ne







VOL. 27, No. 21

Lago Employees Receive Recognition

For One Million Injury - Free Manhours’

Lago employees have earned a certificate from the Esso Latin
American Manufacturing Safety Council for working one million
manhours without a disabling injury.

Competing with four other Esso refineries in Latin America,
Lago achieved the one-million mark in the period between May

and August this year. The
other competing companies in
Group A (with 1 million or
more manhours per year) were
the Campana, Cartagena, Am-
uay and Talara refineries.

Aimed at stimulating the sa-



One Million Manhours
Without Disabling Injury
LAGO REFINERY
August 19, 1966



fety programs of affiliated
companies, the Esso Latin Am-
erican Safety Council was set
up in the middle of this year.

The program of the Council
is coordinated through the New
York office.







AWARD

PS SIS

i

2

SASS

ee



FS



SPECIAL AWARD from Esso Latin American Manufacturing Safety
Council to Lago Refinery.

PUBLISHED BY LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD.

Kiwanis International President

Dr. G. Reed Jr.

October 21, 1966





President Internacional di Kiwanis Dr, G. Reed Jr.

(fourth from left) and his party visited Lago Oct.
3. They were taken on a refinery tour by Vice Pre-
sident J. M. Ballenger (5th from right), R. E. Boy-
ack, Mechanical Manager (2nd from left) and N.
P. Schindeler (3rd from right), who are all Kiwa-
nians. Other Aruba Kiwanians accompanying the
group were Morris Serphos (extreme left) and Fred
Wong (extreme right).

(di 4 di robez) y su grupo a bishita Lago Oct. 3.
Nan a ser hiba ariba un paseo den refineria door di
Vice President J. M. Ballenger (di 3 di drechi), R.
E. Boyack, Gerente Mecanical (2do di robez) y N.
P. Schindeler (3er di drechi), kende tur ta miembro
di Kiwanis. Otro Kiwanis di Aruba cu a acompanja
e grupo tabata Morris Serphos (mas na robez) y
Fred Wong (mas na drechi).



Four Employees and One Ex-Employee
Receive CYl Awards During September

Four employees and one ex-employee were CYI winners during
September. Three were from Process and two from Mechanical.

| The ex-employee was Jose G.
|
|
| qualifies under the CYI pro-
award by check. Like any other
|employee, ex-employees are al-
|so protected under the two-year
|clause of the CYI program.
Wilhelm Geerman, an assis-
tant operator in Process-Refin-
ing, had two ideas adopted. He
received Fls. 40 for on idea to
install a chain block northeast
of the chemical injector pot at
PCAR. His other idea, calling



THIS MAY well have been the ritual for bur
Indians in Aruba’s early days. (See pages 4

F —e

ying ESAKI POR wel tabata e rituo pa dera Indiannan
& 5). den tempo pasa na Aruba (Mira Pagina 4 & 5). | diesel a baha 9.2 porciento.

Ruiz, an Instrumentman A, who

gram and will receive his Fls.30 for installing a 1-inch caustic}

line from caustic pump No. 919
discharge on the FGS DEA sys-
tem, earned him F's. 25.

A supplemental

accepted employment with a construction company in St. Croix.|
Although he is no longer an employee and is abroad, he still|

award of|

Fls. 35 went to Andresito Croes, |

an assistant operator in Proc-

ess-Refining. Previously, in De-|

cember, 1965,
initial
Fls. 25 for being the safety sug-
gester of the month of Decem-
ber, 1965. He suggested to tie in
both slurry pumps strainers in-
|to a hot pump line at PCAR.
| The other two September
CYI winners were:
Eugenio Damian
Process-Utilities Fls. 25

Enrique Hazel

Mechanical-Machinist Fls. 25

he received an

award of Fils. 50 and)

Dec. 31, 1966 Final Date
For Early Retirement
Program
In a meeting at the end of
last month, the Management
Committee confirmed its deci-
sion to retain December 31,
1966 as the final date for the

Early Retirement Program.
Eligible employees wishing to
take advantage of the increased
benefits under the program
should apply as soon as pos-
sible through their supervisor.

Dec. 31, 1966 Fecha Final
Pa Programa di Pensioen
Anticipa

Den un reunion teni na fin di
luna pasa, e Comision di Ge-
rencia a decidi di fiha 31 di
December 1966 como fecha fi-
nal pa e Programa di Pensioen
Anticipa.

Empleadonan cu ta eligibel,
y cu ta desea di probecha di e
beneficionan aumenta bao di e
programa aki, mester haci apli-
cacion mas pronto posibel pa
medio di nan supervisor.



Mientras Otro Ta Subi Den Diez Anja

Prijs Di Productonan Di Azeta Ta Baha

| Unda cu bo drei awendia bo ta lesa di inflacion den prensa,
ly pesey ta interesante pa tur di nos observa cu cierto sentimen-
to di orguljo cu prijsnan por mayor di zeta crudo, gasoline y
destiladonan mediano a baha durante ultimo diez anja, net con-
| trario cu e tendencia general pa articulonan di uso cu a bira

mas caro.
Desde 1957 te na e promer
seis luna di 1966 inclusive, in-
dice di prijsnan di tur articulo
di uso por mayor a subi 6.5 por-
ciento. Mientrastanto prijs di
zeta crudo a baha 4 porciento,
y prijs por mayor di gasoline a
baha hasta 6.3 porciento.
Indica di prijsnan por mayor
pa destiladonan mediano, ma-
nera combustible liviano y zeta

Tin hopi motibo pa esey, en-
tre nan tin muchu hopi zeta ri-
ba mercado y competencia fe-
roz — pero — y aki un cierto
orguljo pa nos ta drenta: loke
a haci e prijsnan mas abao po-
sibel ta cu miles di hende den
industria di petroleo ta hacien-
do tur loke nan por pa cumpli
cu nan trabao net un tiki mas
mihor cada un di e 3650 dia-
nan ey.
ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Aruba GssONEWS

PUBLISHED EVERY OTHER FRIDAY, AT ARUBA, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
BY LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD.
Printed by the Verenigde Antilliaanse Drukkerijen N.V.. Neth. Ant

E. Villanueva, Editor L. |. De Lange, Publications Asst.
J. M. De Cuba, Photographer A. Werleman, Publications Asst.

Protect Our Natural Resources

Aruba’s natural resources take a number of forms. Whatever}
they may be, it’s the task of every citizen to help protect them.

Our natural resources are not all hidden in the ground, but
some are. Take for instance, the remnants of early civilization
found in the ground at various places. They have their historic
value. They are about the only resources that tell us about the
early inhabitants, the Arowak Indians. Any artifacts found that
could give more information about the early cultures should be
preserved and handled with care.

Other natural resources are our fine beaches, caves, and In-
dian scripts on rocks and natural rock formations. These should
be kept clean and undamaged.

Friendliness of the local population is another asset for Aruba.
In view of the growing tourist industry, this is an especially
valuable resource of future economic growth.

The island is also known for its cleanliness. Everyone should
contribute towards keeping up our good name in this area.

All of these resources should be considered in terms of their
value to the community.

We can only gain by protecting them.

Oil is A Lago Resource



They

Completing their 12-week plumbing course under
the Retraining Program recently were: (2nd from
L to R) Narciso M. Dirksz, Basilio Wernet, William
H. Gibbs, Epifanio Semeleer and Eustace C. Milton.
received their certificates from
Marco M. Stamper (far right). On hand for closing
the session was Carlos De Cuba, Retraining Com-
mittee secretary (far left).

Instructor

October 21, 1966



Completando nan curso di plombero di 12 siman bao
e Programa di Re-entrenamento recientemente ta-
bata: (2do di robez pa D) Narciso M. Dirksz, Basi-
lio Wernet, William H. Gibbs, Epifanio Semeleer y
Eustace C. Milton. Nan a recibi nan certificado for
di Instructor Marco M. Stamper (extremo drechi).
Tambe presente pa clausura e curso tabata Carlos
De Cuba, secretario di Comité di Re-entrenamento
(extremo robez).



Help Stop Oil Loss

Proteha Nos Recursonan Natural While Others Increase

Aruba su recursonan natural tin hopi forma. No ta importa) What with inflation so much
kiko nan ta, obligacion di tur ciudadano ta di proteha nan. in the news today, it is inter-
No tur nos recursonan natural ta scondi bao di tera, pero al- esting for all of us to note with
gun ta. Por ehempel, restonan di un civilizacion anterior cu ta aaa ae ea oe
dera bao di tera na varios lugar. Nan tin nan balor historico. Jjne oe Paiddia pisitiaiee ak
Nan ta casi e unico recursonan cu ta informa nos tocante e habi-/down over the past 10 years,
tantenan di hopi tempu pasa di Aruba, Indjannan Arowak. Cual-| bucking the general trend in
kier cos cu nan tabata usa como herment y pa uso di cas cu por Commodity prices.
duna nos mas informacion tocante culturanan anciano, mester| From 1957 through the first
worde preserva y trata cu mashar cuidao. six month of 1966 the whole-
Otro recursonan natural ta nos playanan bunita, cuebanan, y/sale price index of all commo-
loke Indjannan a pinta riba piedra y formacionnan di baranca. 4oties rose 6.5 per cent. Mean-
Ta necesario pa tene esakinan limpi y sin danjo. while, crude oil prices dropped
Carinjo di nos poblacion local ta un otro riqueza di Aruba. Cu pee tee peer lesdle: sBH0-
: ; : : e5t P line prices declined 6.3 per cent.
bista riba nos industria turistica cu ta bayendo dilanti, esaki ta) The wholesale index for middle
un recurso masha precioso pa nos crecemento economico. | distillates such as light fuel oils
Tambe nos isla ta conoci pa su limpieza. Tur hende mester and diesel fuel decreased 9.2 per
contribui nan parti pa sostene nos bon reputacion den ¢ sentido Cet
aki. Many reasons for this, among
Nos mester mira tur e recursonan ey den termino di nan balor|them oversupply and _ fierce
pa nos comunidad. competition — but — and here's

: y. re i i
Si nos tur proteha nan, e probecho ta pa nos mes. eC mt

road Bee i. rae a
Azeta Ta Recurso Di Lago thet
Yuda Stop Perdida Di Azeta

in the oil industry doing their
|best to do their jobs just a
little bit better every day for
| those 3650 days.





one with AKI NOS ta mira dos proa di tanquero, un proa cu
bola grandi y un comun.

SHOWN HERE are two tanker bows,
bulbous bow and one without it.

Petroleum Prices Drop Economic Considerations Im

portant

Factor In Developing Tanker Design

Ships come in ali sizes and designs. But whatever their size or
design, the main objective of tankers is to carry oil at the lowest
possible cost. To meet this objective, tankers have grown con-
siderably in size and speed in the last ten years.

The first tanker to transport oil in bulk was the Gluckauf,

owned by what is now a German
affiliate. The 3,000 dwt. tanker
was built in 1886.

During the period between
1939 and 1950, tanker size in-
creased on the average from
about 16,000 to 26,000 dwt.

Between the late fifties and
the early sixties, size had treb-
bled to about 80,000/90,000
tons.

Now the newest tankers on
order are of 170,000 dwt. They
will be able to carry the car-
goes of 11 T-2 tankers, which
were the workhorses during the
Second World War and shortly
thereafter. The T-2s can carry
about 16,600 tons of cargo.

Size Increase poses Problems

While the size increase of
tankers is apparently an econo-
mically attractive way of reduc-
ing transportation cost, the size
increase poses many problems
Not every harbor can accom-
modate these giants. One way
to handle them is by building
offshore docking facilities.

At Lago, we are aware of
these problems and they are be-
ing studied. The San Nicolas
Harbor has a depth of about 40
feet and its piers can accom-
modate vessels up to 67,000
dwt. (such as the Esso Zurich)
and up to 800 feet in length.

It is believed that larger tan-
kers, in excess of 200,000 dwt.,
are approaching the maximum
safe operating water depths in
some important areas, such as
in the Straits of Malacca and
parts of the North Sea. In ad-
dition, it may not be possible
for them to transit the Suez
and Panama Canals because of

|draft regulations and maneuv-

erability.
An odd looking bulb-like pro-

truding bow has been noticed
for some time on some Esso
tankers calling at Lago.

This is one innovation that
has been developed by Esso na-
val architects. Of all recent dev-
elopments in ship design, it is
likely that none has caused
greater interest among tanker
and bulk carrier owners than
this large protruding bulbous
bow.

These are now fitted to most
of the vessels in the Esso fam-
ily and are also being installed
on quite a few of the newer
tankers and bulk carriers being
delivered to our competitors.

These bulbous bows can be
fitted to older tankers as well.
This innovation produces a
marked improvement in the ba-
sic relationship between a ship’s
speed and power that would not
have been considered possible a
few years ago.





Tests favor Bulb Bow

Tests made at _ identical
speeds have borne out that ves-
sels with the regular bow ex-
perience more resistance from
wavemaking than the bulbous
bow. The two pictures (below)
show models of the same design
with and without an Esso bulb
bow, running at the same speed.
The graph on the bow demon-

strates the remarkable reduc-
tion in wavemaking that is
achieved.

It has been proven that speed
increased nearly one knot, con-
sidering the average of loaded
and ballast conditions. This is
equivalent to an increase in del-
ivery capacity of approximately
5 per cent. On an average, it
costs about $400 an hour to
operate present-day tankers




October 21, 1966

Consideraciones Economico Importante
Den Desaroljo di Disenjo di Tanquero

Nos ta mira barcunan di tur forma y grandura. Pero no ta im-

3

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

New Building Material Developed by ERE
For Rapidly Growing Construction Industry

porta kiko nan forma ta of nan grandura, e principal obhetivo di}



‘ : sien Taox ae b
un tanquero ta di trasporta zeta na un costo cu ta di mas chi-| Esso Research and Engineer
quito posibel. Pa alcanza e obhetivo ey, tanqueronan a bay cre-| 1N§ Company has developed a

ciendo den grandura y velocidad den ultimo diez anja.

E promer tanquero pa tras-
porta zeta na granel tabata
Gliickauf, propiedad di loke
awendia ta un afiliado Aleman.
E tanquero aki di 3000 tone-
lala di peso bashi a worde con-
strui na 1886.

Durante e periodo di 1939 pa
1950, grandura di tanquero a
subi cu un promedio di 16,000
te 26,000 peso bashi. j

Pero entre fin di anjanan cin-
cuenta y cuminzamento di anja-
nan sesenta, ya nan grandura
a bira tres bez mas grandi est:
80,000/90,000 ton.

Awendia e tanqueronan cu
nan a pidi ta midi 170,000 tone-
lada bashi. Nan lo por carga 11
bez e carga cu un tanquero T-2






tabata e tanqueronan cu a
trabao di buricu durante seg
da gera mundial y algun anja
despues. Un T-2 por trasporta
un carga di 16,600 ton di zeta.

Mientras cu e aumento di
grandura di tanqueronan apa-
rentemente ta un manera eco-
nomicamente atractivo pa redu-
ci costo di trasportacion, nan
grandura a crea hopi problema.
No tur haf por acomoda e gi-
gantenan flotante ey. Un ma-
nera pa recibi un tanquero asina
ta di traha facilidadnan camin-
da nan por ancra pafor di haf.

Haf di San Nicolas

Na Lago nos ta na altura di
tal problemanan, y nan ta bao
di estudio actualmente. Haf di
San Nicolas ta mas o menos 40
pia hundu y su wafnan por tu-
ma barcu te 67,000 tonelada pe-
so bashi (manera Essu Ziirich)
y di un largura di no mas cu
800 pia

Ta bisa cu tanqueronan mas
grandi, cu ta excede 200,000 ton
di peso bashi, ta jegando na
limite cu nan por nabega cu se-
guridad den awanan di algun
region importante, manera Es-
trecho di Malea y partinan di

















Mar del Norte na Europa. Ade-
mas por ta cu no ta posibel pa
nan cruza canal di Suez y di
Panama pa motibo di reglamen-
tonan tocante nan calado y fa-
cilidad di maniobra



Inovacion den Disenjo

Ta algun tempu caba cu nos
observa un cos manera on bola
grandi na e proa di algun tan-
quero Esso cu ta bishita Lago.

Esaki ta un cos nobo desar-
olja door di arquitectonan ma-
ritimo di Esso. Di tur e reciente
desaroljonan den disenjo di bar-
cu, probablemente ningun a
causa asina tantu interes entre
donjonan di tanquero y barcu
di carga na granel cu e nanishi
rondo di e barcunan ey.

Actualmente mayoria di e
barcunan den famia di Esso ya
tin e proa rondo, y e inovacion
aki ta ser instala den cantidad
di tanqueronan nobo y barcu-
nan pa carga na granel cu ta
worde entrega na nos competi-
dornan.

Experimentonan haci cu bar-
cu cu ta core cu un velocidad
identico a proba cu barcunan cu
un proa comun ta hanja mas
resistencia di lantamento di ola
cu esnan cu un nanishi rondo.
Riba e portretnan aki bao nos
ta mira modelonan di e mes di-
senjo, un cu e proa rondo §
y e otro sin djé, coriendo na e
mes velocidad. E marca banda
di su proa ta mustra un reduc-
cion notable di e olanan cu e
barcu ta lanta.

Nan a proba cu velocidad di
e barcu a subi casi un milja pa
ora, considerando e condicionan
promedio di e barcu su carga-
mento y su laster. Esaki ta
equivalente na un mehoranza di
su capacidad pa trasporta di
mas of menos 5 porciento. Cos-
to di operacion di un tanquero
di awendia ta un promedio di
$400 pa ora.





°







The Economic Attractiveness of Fitting
Esso Bulhous Bow to a 50,000 DWT Ton

BASIC DATA
Trade

Charter Rate

Sea speed without bulb

Average speed Increase due to
bulb

Service and Port allowance

Net average spzed increase

Cost of Bulb Installation
(Excluding Design & License)
License & Design Fees

Total Capital Investmert

Annual Increase in Cai go
Capacity

Value of Annual Increased Cargo
Capacity at Intascale - 50%

LESS:

Increased Port Charges, etc.

Net Annual Savings Due to Bulb

PAYOUT PERIOD
Return on Investment

- Caribb2an - Continental









Europ2
- Intascale - 50%
- 16 Knots
a)
- 10%
- 4%
Existing Ship
New Remaining Life:
Construction 15 Yrs
$10,009 $ 80,000*
45,000 45,000
$55,000
26,000 L.T. 26,000 ai
$60,000 $ 60,000
2,500 2,500
$57,500 $ 57,500
1 YEAR 2.2 YEARS
100% 45%

* Done in normal 5-day repair period; no additional out-of-service

time.

new building material made
from soil and a petroleum-based
| binder.

The new material, known as
BMX, may be manufactured in
available commercial-type
equipment, using ERE-develop-
ed technology.

The company spent more
than five years developing and
testing the new material as part
of its continuing program seek-
ing new uses for petroleum.

The immediate market for
BMX, which can be used as a
direct replacement for conven-
tional masonry products, is in
the large and rapidly growing
construction industries of the
United States and Europe.

First U.S. Licensee
| The first U.S. licensee is the
Sayre and Fisher Company of
Sayreville, N.J., which offered
the first public demonstration
of BMX products as the annual
convention of the New Jersey
Society of Architects, which
opened at Spring Lake last
month. Several patents on the
process have already been is-
sued to ERE, and others are





Empleadonan Ta Cumpli
Miljon Ora Sin Desgracia

Empleadonan di Lago a me-
rece un certificado di Conseho
di Seguridad Esso Latina Ame-
ricano di Fabricacion, pasobra
nan a traha un miljon di ora di
trahador sin ningun desgracia
incapacitante.

Competiendo cu cuater otro}
refineria Esso na America La-|
tina, Lago a jega na e meta di
un miljon ora den e periodo en-
tre Mei y Augustus di e anja
aki. E otro companianan den e
competencia aki den Grupo A
(cu ta traha 1 miljon of mas
ora di trahador den un anja)
tabata refinerianan di Campa-
na, Cartagena, Amuay y Ta-
lara.

Cu obhetivo pa stimula e pro-
gramanan di seguridad 4d
companianan afilia, e Conseho
di Seguridad Esso Latino Ame
ricano di Fabricacion a ser or-
ganisa meimei di e anja aki. |

Programa di e Conseho aki ta
coordina door di oficina na
Nueva York.



pending in the U.S. and other faces and close dimensional to-
countries of the free world. lerances, one coat of plaster is
Credit for the development of | all that is needed for a finished
the new material goes to several| interior and two mortar sys-
ERE divisions. |tems are possible: one utilizing
Extensive tests have shown|the conventional trowel-and-
that BMX has greater strength| Mortar technique, the other
per unit weight, lower moisture | utilizing an ordinary paint rol-
absorption and better freeze-| ler for rapid construction.
thaw properties than conventio-| Raw Materials Abundant
nal building materials. In addi-| The raw materials for mak-
tion, because of its smooth sur-| (Continued on page 6)



Driver

Accident Prevention Cr)





SS



e

216 |
UND A CURVE AND A



YOU RO

CAR
IS APPROACHING...IN YOUR LANE!

think) what would you do?

With your eyes? (Put an “x” through what YOU would do!)



—_——s = |

Ss

LOOK STRAIGHT ONLY

ee |

LOOK REAR MIRROR

Qu.

J
[ | Look sine mirror







LOOK STRAIGHT /LEFT







With your feet?































: | :
Y aN ¥ a ae
= \ eae } i
INCREASE GAS DECREASE GAS OFF GAS ] __ RAISE BEAM LOWER BEAM
we \ \ eS w\ 95
s ae a a e OR
‘SLAM BRAKE BRAKE CAREFULLY PUMP BRAKES OFF BRAKE PARKING BRAKE













With your hands?

















































Va »\ > > | (ZO
4 GD Ae A
| STEER LEFT | steer Richt | | GRIP FIRMLY HOLD LOOSELY SWERVE
5| ES) AS) K&| CRA
| SHIFT NEUTRAL SHIFT REVERSE | SHIFT PARK | DON'T SHIFT
| Ue)
6 = @) a] O}/ y J 3
- ww “ww SB us ae " es
rT] SIGNAL RIGHT fal SIGNAL LEFT SLOW OR STOP LIGHTS ON & OFF BLOW HORN

























T-2 16,200 DWT
| | | { .
| — ’
| 100,000 DWT
An Teen
Le | +——
l | al ES RS |B WA
{= |







170,000 OWT




INDIAN BURIAL urn recently found at Ray Farro’s home.

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

October 21, 1966





: DIGGING EXPEDITION at Tanki Flip
EXPEDICION PA bai coba na Tanki Flip.

BURIAL URN found at Savaneta

Maestro Lester Y Estudiantes Ta Coha
Hundo Den Pasado pa Haya Artefactos

E promer habitantenan di Aruba, Indjannan di e tribu Aro-)
| wak, a laga masha poco pa nos di nan pasado historico, Cu ex-
| gepeian, di algun cos pinta den cuebanan y riba piedra, mayoria

di loke nos sabi awendia tocante nan existencia a ser revela for
di artefactonan (herment y articulo di uso den cas) hanja na e

| sitionan caminda nan tabata bi-)~_—2@4OW_—Y_
|ba: Tanki Flip, Santa Cruz y) Lester y estudiantenan di Seroe
| Savaneta. Colorado High School a cuminza
| Deseo pa sabi mas tocante e/coba na Tanki Flip.

|habitantenan antiguo nunca a| Jerry a cuminza samina e te-
stop di existi. Como parti di un|reno rond di Tanki Flip for di

URNA PA dera Indian haya poco tempo pasa na cas di Rey Farro. projecto di klas, maestro Jerry un anja y mei pasa. Ora el a



TOP: (L to R): 2 fertility idols, face from neck of ARIBA: (R pa D): 2 idolo, figura di cara, pieza
bowl, side ornament, part of cup, side of bowl, 2 ornamental, parti di un kopi, banda di un komchi, |
small side ornaments, other part of cup, head from 2 pida ornamental chikito, other parti di kopi,

base of a bowl.

| descubri algun artefacto, el a
hiba su alumnonan aya. Nan
tabata basta excita tocante e
projecto, y cu mes tantu deseo
cu nan maestro pa sabi mas to-
cante historia di e promer tri-
bunan cu a biba riba e isla aki.
| Hopi di e muchanan a nace na

cabez for di base di un komchi.



WEYA PA dera Indian haya na Savaneta.



Aruba, y esey ta un circunstan-
cia adicional pa conocemento y
excitacion pa busca mas infor-
macion tocante e lugar caminda
nan ta biba

E cobamento si no tabata asi-
na facil. Algun lugar ta jen di
sumpinja y hopi mucha lo no
lubida asina liher experiencia
di worde pencha di repente door
di sumpinja. Tabata necesario
pa coba tera mas of menos 20
pa 40 pia, y un pia hundo.

Un di aspectonan mas exci-
tante di cualkier buscamento
ta, di haya algu cu ta signifi-
cantemente diferente. Na cu-
minzamente di anja 1965 Les-
ter y su alumnonan a hanja
loke a resta di un komchi (pa-
langana) cu tabata diferente
tantu den estilo como den con-
struccion for di cualkier otro cu

(Continua na pagina 5)



MR. AND MRS. R. FARRO proudly display a large urn found while
workers were digging foundation of extension to their home in
Savaneta.

SR. Y SRA. R. FARRO cu orguljo ta munstra un weya grandi haya
mientras trahadornan tabata coba fundeshi pa extension di nan cas
na Savaneta.


October 21, 1966

THIS ORNAMENTAL piece is a design reconstructed from artifacts

shown below and next page whi
E PIEZA di adorno aki ta un dis
munstra aki bao y na otro pagina



ch were found at Tanki Flip.
enjo reconstrui for di artefactos

, cual a ser haya na Tanki Flip.

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

th. at



Teacher Lester and

IN THEIR digging expedition at Tanki Flip teacher
Lester and children from Seroe Colorado High
School found many remnants of Indian civilization.

Students Dig Deep

‘Into Aruba’s Past: Finds: Artifacts

The first inhabitants of Aruba, the Arowak indians, left little
of their historic past. Except for some scripts in caves and stone,

most of what is known today

about their existence has been

revealed from artifacts found where they used to live: Tanki

Flip, Santa Cruz and Savaneta.

The desire to know more
about these early inhabitants
has never ended. As part of a
class project, schoolteacher
Jerry Lester and Seroe Colo-
rado High School students went

}out to dig at Tanki Flip.

Jerry started sounding the



rete du :
TEACHER G. D. LESTER



t eee



explains rare piece found at Tanki Flip,

a residential area of early Indians.

MAESTRO G. D. LESTER ta splica un artefacto stranjo cu el a ||

haya na Tanki Flip, cual tabata lugar di biba di Indiannan.

Artefactos
(Continua di pagina 4)

a ser descubri den pasado. Aun-
que e tabata parce esunnan di
Venezuela, toch e tabata dife-
rente for di nan. Segun nan ta
bisa Indjannan Arowak ta bini
di e famia di Caiquetionan for

di Estado Lara y Falcon.
Aunque ta dificil pa bisa, tin
indicacion cu e mes grupo di.
hende a biba tantu na Tanki|
Flip como na Savaneta, pero
durante diferente periodo. Un

indicacion ta cu weanan cora |
pinta pretu a worde hanja na)

Di Aruba

Savaneta, pero no na Tanki
Flip.

Algun cos cu Jerry y su alum- |

nonan a hanja ta: wea, cos di
cushina aden, poeroen di awa,
piezanan ceremonial, wesu di

|pisca y casca di morcoi. Tambe

nan a hanja pida pida plancha
di cachapa, loke ta aparente-
mente incomun pa e cultura aki,
y un wiel pa traha hilo cual ta
laga nosk ere cu tabatin cierto
fabricacion di panja.

E pida plancha di cachapa|~

(Continua na pagina 6)

€ Tanki Flip area about a year

jand a half ago. When he dis-
|covered some artifacts, he took
|the children out there. They
|were quite excited about the
|project and were as eager as
their teacher to know more
|about the history of the first
|tribes that inhabited their is-
|land. Many of the children were
|born in Aruba and this adds to
the knowledge and excitement
of finding out new information
about their home.

The digging has not been all
|easy going. Some spots are full
jof cactus and many of the
children won’t forget the ex-
perience of having been "’needl-
ed” unexpectedly. Excavations

~ |of about 20 by 40 feet and one

foot deep had to be made.
One of the exciting aspects
of any search is the finding of





BOWL DESIGN tells old story.
DISENJO DI wea ta conta historia biew.

something significantly differ-
ent. In the spring of 1965, Les-
ter and the children found the
remnants of a bowl, which was
different both in style and con-
struction from anything that
had been discovered in the past.
While it bore some resemblance,
it was also different from the
finds in Venezuela. The Aro-
waks reportedly hail from the
Caiquetios family in Estado La-
ra and Falcon.

Although it’s difficult to say,
there are indications that the
same group of people had lived
at Tanki Flip and Savaneta, but
at different times. One indica-
tion is that red pottery painted
with black found at Savaneta
had not been found at Tanki
Flip.

Finds: Artifacts

What Jerry and the school
children found includes; bowls,
cooking utensils, water jugs,
ceremonial pieces, fish verte-
brae and turtle shells. Also
found were pieces of griddles,
which seem unusual for this









maestro Jerry Lester y muchanan for di School di
Seroe Colorado a haya hopi resto di civilizacion di

Indiannan.



culture, and a spindle wheel, in-
dicating a certain amount of
weaving took place.

The pieces of griddle found
also indicate that the Dabajuro,
a subculture of the Arowaks,
used to cook grain.

As far as Jerry knows, there
have been two or three pieces
of idols found in the past. Yet,
in Tanki Flip, Jerry and helpers
found several pieces — one be-
ing almost complete.

Curacao and Bonaire have
very little in terms of artifacts.
Because of being nearer to the
mainland, Aruba has closer as-
sociation with the South Amer-
ican continent. Also, ocean cur-
rents and the sea between Aru-
ba and Curacao are more diffi-
cult to navigate than those be-
tween Aruba and Venezuela.
The Indians used to travel back
and forth between Aruba and
the mainland in their ’cayu-
cas” (canoe made from log).

Recently, while digging the
foundation in Savaneta for an
extension to the home of Ray
Farro of Technical-Process En-
gineering, the men found two
urns, a large one with bones
and a small one. Although they
were damaged, Jerry will put
them together.

Collection Will Go To Aruba
Nostra

Jerry says that eventually
the Seroe Colorado School col-
lection will be donated to the
Aruba Nostra Foundation. Jer-
ry also works very closely with
this foundation, which plans to
set up a museum in Aruba

The recent find proves that
there are many more hidden
historic treasures in the ground.
Anyone who finds these arti-
facts should treat them like na-
tural resources. Especially
when complete urns are found,
one should not try to move
them. Expert handling is re-
quired so as not to destroy them
or their contents. Therefore, it’s
advisable to contact any of the
members of the Aruba Nostra
Foundation.

The board of the Aruba Nos-
tra Foundation consists of: A.
J. Booi, president, Father R. H.
Nooyen, vice president; Mrs. W.
van Poelje, secretary; Drs. V.
Servage, treasurer; M. S. Kui-
peri and I. E. A. Tjon-Sie-Fat,
members.


6

New Electronic Ferrograph Sounder
Replaces Line-and-Lead Soundings

A piece of electronic equipment is now being used for sounding
in San Nicolas Harbor. This is the Ferrograph Inshore Graphic

Sounder.

By means of a cable and transducer attached below water levei| ta. Esaki yama Ferrograph In-| *
on a tug’s hull, the electronic equipment sends sounds to the sea

bottom which are echoed back
The echo is recorded in feet on
the Ferrograph. The sounding
equipment operates on a 12-volt
battery and has three sounding
ranges: (1) from 0 to 60 feet;
(2) from 60 to 120 feet; (3)
from 120 to 180 feet.

With the aid of this ferro-
graph sounder a chart has al-
ready been plotted of a section
of the harbor, especially where
the depth is below the requi
minimum depth.





ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Sondeador Electronico _
Ta Ser Usa na Lugar Di
Chumbo y Cabuya pa Midi §

Awendia nan ta usa un pieza
di equipo electronico pa sondea
}com hundu haf di San Nicolas



shore Graphic Sounder.
| Pa medio di un cable y un)
|trasmisor di senjal cu ta |
tronic equipment eliminates the eee fon Dee ae See |
previous method of lead and| tugboat, e nae aaa
line for manual soundings. ta manda senjal pa bom di Sg
The shallow areas in the har-|¥, © Senjalnan ta a bs hi
bor are caused by sediment that Echo die senjal hi or gees tl
is relocated when tankers back | Tiba rol di pape aa “a ae
up from the finger piers. | graph. E equipo son ee a
Since March 30 this year a| t@ traha cu un bateria di 12 vo t
crane with a clamshell bucket|Â¥ tin tres alcance: (1) di 0 |
has been dredging the shallow) © pia; (2) di 60 te 120 pia, ( ))

The use of this piece of elec-





October 21, 1966





] area in the harbor opposite the

di 120 te 180 pia.

Cu ayudo di e sondeador fer-
rograph ya nan a traha mapa di
un parti di haf, especialmente
na e lugarnan caminda profun-
didad ta menos cu e profundi-
dad cu ta worde exihi.

No. 1 Gasoline Dock.

HOO AND others
HOO Y e otronan ta instala transducer.

install transducer



(Continua di pagina 5)



Uso di equipo electronico fer-|nan a hanja tambe ta mus-
rograph ta haci cu no ta nece- tra cu e tribu Dabajuro, un
sario mas pa usa e metodo an- | tribu relaciona cu Arowaknan, |
terior di un pida chumbo pega tabatin costumber di cushina
na un cabuya, cu cual e sondea-, maishi.
dor ta traha cu su man. | Asina leu cu Jerry sabi, dos

E regionnan di poco profun-| of tres pida di idolo a worde
didad den haf ta causa door di hanjaé den pasado. Pero na
lodo cu ta move ora un tan-|/Tanki Flip si Jerry y su ayu-
quero bek pa sali for di e finger|dantenan a hanja varios pida -
pier nan. un casi henter.

For di 30 di Maart di e anja) Corsow y Bonaire tin masha
aki un grua cu un baki di heru| poco cos cu bo por jama arte-
ta cobando e partinan cu no tin| facto. Como e isla ta keda mas
basta profundidad den haf, di- cerca costa di continente, Aru-
lanti di Gasoline Dock No. 1. | ba tabatin asociacion mas cerca

cu e continente Sur Americano.
See Page 3 for Ademas e corientemente di la-
Drivers’ Safety Quiz



HOO AND Whitlock check chart.

: y Corsow ta muchu mas dificil
HOO Y Whitlock ta examina chart.

|pa nabega cu entre Aruba y



Artefactos Di Aruba

Poco dia pasdé, mientras nan
tabata coba fundeshi na Sava-
neta pa un extension na cas di
Ray Farro di Technical-Process
Engineering, e trahadornan a
hanja dos urna, un grandi cu
wesu aden y un chiquito. Aun-
que nan a sufri danjo, Jerry lo
pega nan na otro.

Jerry ta bisa cu al fin e co-
leccion di Seroe Colorado High
School lo worde regala na e
fundacion cu jama Aruba Nos-
tra. Jerry ta coopera hopi cu e
fundacion aki, cu tin plan pa
lamta un museo aki na Aruba.

E descubrimentonan recien ta
proba cu tin mas tesoronan his-
torico dera bao di tera. Cual-
kier hende cu hanja e artefac-
tonan aki mester trata nan mes-
cos cu un recurso natural. Es-



|Venezuela. E Indjannan tabata |
|biaha entre Aruba y e continen-

HERE ARE THE CORRECT ANSWERS!
Sal anal



ma y lama mes entre Aruba
Mira pag. 3 pa e







eel a] se Pf. |te bai bini den nan cayucanan
Vee LS ore C772). SJ Preguntanan | (canoa traha di palu).
Loox strarcat/tert | ]Loox straicut onty | X ).0 LOOK REAR MIRROR LOOK SIDE MIRROR









to your RIGHT |

Keep your eyes ST

\

RAIGHT/RIGHT. Be on the alert for a possible escape

% )

INCREASE GAS DECREASEGAS |X] OFF GAS. RAISE BEAM
Take your foot OFF th

|
j
a = LOWER BEAM | .
je gas immediately. This an extremely important point to remember. 3 p=,
ee =a a beet E>
\\ we | x $ y ae
>, 2 —- ' 8 vy =
\ Z K —
ge’

SLAM BRAKE xX PUMP BRAKES L PARKING BRAKE





) i Pe













aA















OFF BRAKE









w

BRAKE CAREFULLY. Don't slam on the brake—you migh
quickly as possible, but don’t panic

t lose control. Slow your car down as
Brake quickly, but carefully







: “Dr | Q) > eo |
STEER LEFT X] Steer RIGHT Grip rinmcy [| _HoL0 LooseLY ‘SWERVE













STEER RIGHT. Avoid a head-on collision even if it means going off the road. Never try to go
around the oncoming car by going to the left. He may
will crash head-on

[]_suier NeutRaL

er a = |
7 ae |

1

take the same escape route and you

SHIFT PARK DON’T SHIFT






2
2



[7] siirriow x

DON'T SHIFT. There are more vital things you must do in these Precious seconds to avoid a
serious accident.

X)

SLOW OR STOP. LIGHTS ON & OFF



SHiFT Reverse _[







HOO, WHITLOCK and Giel studying Harbor Map. |
HOO, WHITLOCK y Giel studiando mapa di haf. |





B
p



SIGNAL LEFT











O Sionacricnt [7] r] x]

BLOW HORN. This is to warn the car headed for you, as well as all other cars.

BLOW HORN



Additional control measures: 1: there is no shoulder on the right, but a ditch
instead, angle into the ditch gradually and drive along it until you stop. If the oncoming driver
has returned to his lane and you are off the road, don't return to it too quickly. If you do,
you might cross to the other lane or swerve sideways and roll over.

patel) eenith
|
|
|
|
|

SAFETY HINT: Wheel “Play” |

For maximum safety and control of your car, it is imperative to have the |

correct amount of play in the wheel. Too much play causes a “‘lag’’ in |

the ‘steering which can be very dangerous, especially in emergency
| situations, such as skids

'f there is more than two inches of play in your wheel, you
should have this checked and fixed at once. Be sure to have your steer
ing system checked periodically to assure that it is in perfect working
condition

a see



fighters in fire drill on docks. tario den

pecialmente ora un hende han-
ja un urna completo, no trata
di saké for di tera. Ta necesario
pa un experto haci esey, pa no
destrui loke ta den e urna. Pe-
sey ta consehabel pa jama un
di e miembronan di e fundacion
Aruba Nostra.

Directiva di e fundacion Aru-
ba Nostra ta consisti di A. J.
Booi, president; Pader R. H.
Nooyen, Vice-President; Sra. W.
van Poelje, Secretaria; Drs. V.
Servage, Tesorero; M. S. Kui-
peri y I. E. A. Tjon-Sie-Fat,
miembros.

| NEw BUILDING MATERIAL

(Continued from page 3)
ing BMX, petroleum asphalt
and natural soils that are gen-
erally not useful for agricultu-
ral purposes, are available in
many parts of the world. About
one-third of the earth’s soil is
suitable.

A key facility in the develop-
ment of BMX was a large pilot
plant at Bayway, New Jersey.



ESSO ORANJESTAD assisting volunteer fire- ESSO ORANJESTAD ta asisti bomberonan volun-

practica pa paga candela.