Aruba Esso news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/CA03400001/00694
 Material Information
Title: Aruba Esso news
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
Publisher: Lago Oil and Transport Co., Ltd.
Place of Publication: Aruba Netherlands Antilles
Creation Date: March 25, 1966
Frequency: biweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Petroleum industry and trade -- Periodicals -- Aruba   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Language: Text in English and papiamento.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1940-
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Source Institution: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Holding Location: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000307401
oclc - 06371498
notis - ABT4040
System ID: CA03400001:00694

Full Text




Kock Sails to New Supervisory Post

March First in Lago's Ship Operations
Process-Oil Movements recently announced promotion of Maxi-
mo D. Kock to supervisor ship operations effective March 1.
Prior to his promotion, Mr. Kock worked for four years as a
shift supervisor in Agency Operations.
Mr. Kock has some 29 years of experience, all in Marine and

harbor operations.
He attended the St. Theresa
School, completed a four-year
correspondence course with the
American School of Chicago,
Illinois, and was awarded the
U.S. High School diploma.
Mr. Kock has been an L.E.C.
district representative and a
member of the Lago Sport Park

.AL mi i -
PRINCESS BEATRIX and Prince Claus at the PRINSES BEATRIX y Prins Claus na balcon di
balcony of the Royal Palace on the Dam in Palacio Real na Dam den Amsterdam des-
Amsterdam after wedding, March 10, 1966. pues di casamento, Maart 10, 1966.

Thirty-Year Employees Croes, Wever,

Five Watch Recipients Honored Tonight
The two men honored for their long service at the manage-
ment dinner at Strand Hotel tonight are Pedro Croes and Ricardo
L. Wever, both of Process Department-Oil Movements.
Five 25-year service watch recipients will also be present.
Mr. Croes started work in September, 1935, as a junior laborer

in the Laboratory. He remained
there until 1937, when he trans-
ferred to LOF as process helper
D. After moving through the
helper categories, he was pro-
moted to assistant operator in
1943. He was made operator in
1947. He is presently acting as
shift foreman.
An acting shift foreman, Ri-
cardo L. Wever's official title is
operator. He was promoted to
this post in 1963. Ten years be-
fore, he was assistant operator.
His original Lago employ began
as an office boy in Accounting
in March, 1936. That same year,
he transferred to Engineering
9nd later to Electrical where he
remained until 1945. From 1945
i to 1948 he worked as process
helper D, helper C, houseman
Captannan di Remolcador
Lo Cuminza Curso Avanza
Di 1 Anja den Navegacion
Cu nan mes iniciativa perso-
h nal, e captannan di remolcador
d di Lago pronto lo principia un
il curso avanza di navegacion. La-
S go ta yuda pa nan haya uso di e
Centro di Recepcion pa e lesnan.
E training, di mas o menos un
t anja, lo cualifica e captannan di
n remolcador como captain pa na-
S vegacion maritima cu bapornan
Ce chikito. Nan lo por actua como
r captain di bapornan te 500 ton
n of di e tamanjo di "Antilia".
c E lesnan, cu lo ta dos ora dos
ce bez pa siman, lo worde duna pa
S Asistente Havenmeester G. Ka-
toen, y loodsnan P. C. Borstlap,
I- A. J. J. Van Velzen y Th. W.
n- iVan Velzen.
E curso lo cubri vaknan ma-
S nera navegacion, tratamento di
I carga, abilidad como marinero,
leynan di navegacion y di bapor-
iran, y construction di bapor.

and levelman.
The employees receiving their
gold service watches are:
Vicente Lade, Leo V. Geerman,
John Krozendijk, all of Mech-
anical; Felix S. Hoek, Process-
Refining; and P. B. A. Sloter-
aijk, Comptroller's.

Comite Ta Anuncia Mas
Facilidad di Training
Pa Tur Empleadonan
Anteriormente e luna aki, e
Retraining Committee a anun-
cia un expansion di su progra-
ma di entrenamento. E esfuerzo
aumentA aki lo result den mas
entrenamento cu ta relaciona cu
trabao cual ta ser trata door di
E program ta ofrece entre-
namento den ramona, manera
welding, tuberia, carpinteria,
mesla, electricidad (instalacion
di cas), leadburning, operation
di negoshi chikito, y trahamento
cu key punch.
George F. Harris, Jr. di Chicago
Bridge & Iron Company Ltd. lo ta
instructor pa duna e curso di weld-
ing cu ta cuminza April 4. E les di
welding ta cuminza cu cinco hom-
ber durante e promer dos siman.
Cinco estudiante nobo ta ser agre-
gi cada dos siman te ora un klas di
binti persona ser haya.
E lesnan di welding lo ser duni
den e edificio di Leadburners na
Gasoline Dock.
Ademas, lesnan den Carpinteria
y Electricidad ta program pa cu-
minza mas o menos April 15.
Lago lo percura pa e instruc-
tornan, equipo, material y faci-
lidadnan pa e cursonan. E curso-
nan adicional aki ta disponibel
pa tur empleado y lo bai princi-
(Continua na pagina 2)

Expanded Training Effort
Open To All Employees
Announced by Committee
Earlier this month, the Re-
training Committee announced
an expansion of its training pro-
gram. This expanded effort
would result in more job-related
training handled by Lago.
The program offers training
in areas, such as welding,
plumbing, carpentry, masonry,
electricity (house wiring), lead-
burning, operation of small
business, and key punch opera-
George F. Harris, Jr. of Chicago
Bridge & Iron Company Ltd. will
be instructor to conduct the weld-
ing course that begins April 4. The
welding class starts with five men
during first two weeks. Five new
students will be added every two
weeks until a class of twenty is
The welding classes will be
taught in the Leadburners' building
at Gasoline Dock.
Classes in Carpentry and Elec-
tricity are scheduled to start by
April 15.
Lago will provide trainers, e-
quipment, material and facili-
ties for the courses. The addi-
tional courses are open to all
(Continued on page 2)

M. D. Kock

In 1965, he was assigned on a
six-week training with Creole,
Esso International and Humble
in New York in marine and ship
A member of the St. Theresa's

U.S. Internal Revenue Re-
presentative in Aruba for
Consultation in April
A representative of the
U.S. Internal Revenue Service
will be in Aruba on April 3,
4 and 5. His services on tax
matters will be available to
U.S. taxpayers working at
Lago and to all other U.S. ci-
tizens residing in Aruba.
His office will be located
in the General Office Build-
ing on the above dates.
For appointments, call
Miss L. R. Leslie of PR/IR,
on Phone 2866.

da m ft

and Vivons en Chantant choirs,
Mr. Kock likes fishing and golf-
ing. On his next vacation, he
plans to visit New York with
his wife.

Croes, Wever Honra Awe
Pa 30 Anja di Servicio;
Cinco Ta Recibi Oloshi
E dos hombernan honr& pa
nan servicio largo na un comida
pa miembronan di gerencia na
Strand Hotel awe nochi ta Pe-
dro Croes y Ricardo L. Wever,
ambos di Departamento di Pro-
cess-Oil Movements. Cinco em-
pleado di 25 anja di servicio cu
ta recibi nan oloshi di servicio
tambe lo ta present.
Sr. Croes a cuminza traha na
September 1935, como un junior
peon den Laboratorio. El a ke-
da aya te 1937, tempo cu el a
cambia pa LOF como Process
Helper D. Despues di a avanza
den e categorianan di helper, el
a recibi promocion pa asistente
operador na 1943. El a keda
nombrk como operator na 1947.
Actualmente el ta un voorman
di warda.
Dos Veterano
Siendo un voorman interino di
ward den Process, Ricardo L.
Wever su titulo official ta opera-
dor. El a ser promovi pa e posi-
cion ey na 1963. Diez anja pro-
mer cu esey el tabata un asis-
tente operator. Su empleo ori-
ginal na Lago a principia como
un mensahero den Accounting
na Maart 1936. E mes anja, el a
cambia pa Engineering y des-
pues pa Electrical, na unda el a
keda te 1945. For di 1945 pa
1948 el a traha como process
helper D, helper C, houseman y
E empleadonan cu ta recibi
nan oloshi di oro pa 25 anja di
servicio ta: Vicente Lade, Leo
V. Geerman, Johan Krozendijk,
tur tres di Depto. Mechanical;
Felix S. Hoek, di Process-Re-
fining; y P. B. A. Sloterdijk, di


4m s W

Pedro Croes

Ricardo L. Wever

ARUBA ESSO NEWS March 25, 1966

A pRBAu N sws

Printed by the Verenlgde Antilllaanse Drukkerlen N.V., Neth. Ant.
E. Villanueva, Editor J. E. Thode, Publications Asst.
J. M. De Cuba, Photographer A. Werleman, Publications Asst.

Let's Be Selfish....
The idea that education is a good thing doesn't leave much
room for discussion... Most of us accept this at face value...
But leaving the subject at this point is of no use to us. If edu-
cation is a good thing, then how can we personally benefit by
more of it? This is a question which concerns all persons inter-
ested in improving themselves and their economic standing.
In the case of education, we owe it to ourselves to be specific,
to be more selfish... Education takes time and effort. Yet, it is
only of value when put to some use. A legitimate question about
any kind of educational opportunity is: "How can I put this to
use and profit by it?" Then, we should take action.
The person ready to act and increase his education, quickly
finds many possibilities open to him.
To begin with, Lago's Educational Assistance Policy provides
financial support in many cases. If the learning improves job
performance and effectiveness, Lago will pay two-thirds of the
cost after the course is successfully completed.
At the present time, there are courses open to all employees
in such areas as welding, carpentry, electricity, and many more
will be offered partly on company time and partly on the em-
ployees' time. Lago will bear the full cost for these courses. (See
page 1, "Expanded Training Efforts...")
From time to time, seminars are put on which may have either
broad or specific job applications. In any case, Lago pays two-
thirds of the cost for all employees completing these seminars.
Recent seminars in Personal Finance and Process Control met
with particular success.
Another approach to the subject of education is to examine the
many self-help courses available through the company library.
With all these opportunities available it becomes increasingly
more important that the best choice be made in terms of you,
personally. What will help you most ?
When it comes to improving ourselves, let's be specific, let's
be practical... let's be selfish...

Laga Nos Ser Egoista....
E idea cu education ta algu bon, no ta laga much lugar pa
mas discusion... Mayoria di nos ta acepta esaki manera e ta...
Pero si laga e asunto aki na e punto aki, e no ta di ningun uti-
lidad pa nos. Si education ta algo bon, anto corn nos lo por bene-
ficia personalmente door di haya mas di dje? Esaki ta un pre-
gunta cu ta toca tur persona cu ta interest pa mehora nan mes y
nan position economic.
Den caso di education, ta depend di nos mes pa sabi kiko nos
kier, pa nos por ser mas egoista den e asunto aki... Educacion
ta tuma tempo y esfuerzo. Sinembargo, el ta solamente di valor
ora el ta ser dedicA pa algun uso. Un pregunta legitimo tocante
cualkier clase di oportunidad educational ta: "Com mi por utilize
y probecha di dje?" Luego nos mester tuma accion.
E persona cu ta cla pa tuma accion y aumenta su education,
pronto ta haya cu tin hopi posibilidadnan habri pe.
Pa cuminza, e Poliza di Lago di Asistencia Educacional ta per-
cura pa ayudo financiero den hopi casonan. Si e enseyanza ta
mehora cumplimento di trabao y efectividad, Lago lo paga dos-
tercera parti di e costo despues cu e curso ser terminA cu exito.
Al present, tin cursonan disponibel pa tur empleadonan den
tal ramona manera welding, carpinteria, electricidad, y hopi
mas lo ser ofreci den future cercano. Esakinan lo ser ofreci en
parte ariba tempo di compania y en parte ariba tempo di emplea-
donan mes. (Mira pagina 1 "Comite Ta Anuncia Mas Facilidad
di Training.") Lago lo want e costo complete di e cursonan aki.
Di tempo pa tempo, cursonan specific ta ser organize cual por
aplica en general of specicamente na cierto trabao. En todo caso,
Lago ta paga dos-tercera parti di e costo pa tur empleado cu ter-
mina e estudionan aki. Reciente cursonan den Financia Personal
y Control di Proceso a haya exito particular.
Un otro modo pa acerca e asunto di education ta pa examine
hopi di e cursonan pa yuda bo mes cu ta disponibel mediante e
libreria di compania.
Como cu tin tur e oportunidadnan aki disponibel, ta bira hopi
mas important pa e mehor selection ser haci cu ta pas pa bo,
personalmente. Kiko por yuda bo mehor?
Ora ta toca mehoracion di nos mes, laga nos ser specific, laga
nos ser practico... laga nos ser egoista...

Tug Captains Undertake
One-Year Study Program
In Advanced Navigation
Under their personal initia-
tive, Lago tug captains will soon
start an advanced navigation
course. Lago has donated the
use of the Reception Center for
class meetings.
The training, approximately
one year, will qualify the tug-
mates as captains in coastal
maritime trade. They will be
able to act as masters of coastal
vessels up to 500 tons or of the
size of the "Antilia".
The classes, two hours twice
a week, will be given by Assist-
ant Harbor Master G. Katoen,
and pilots P. C. Borstlap, A. J.
J. Van Velzen and Th. W. Van
The course will cover subjects
such as navigation, cargo hand-
ling, seamanship, navigation
and ship laws, and shipbuilding.
(Continua di pagina 1)
pia pronto.
E Comit6 di Retraining ta
consist di dos representante di
Lago y dos miembro di Directi-
va di IOWUA. President di e
Comit6 ta T. O. Lucas. Miembro-
nan ta J. J. R. Beaujon, D. Ma-
duro, y R. Werleman. Carlos Z.
de Cuba di PR/IR ta actua como
(Continued from page 1)
employees and will be getting
underway soon.
The Retraining Committee
consists of two Lago representa-
tives and two IOWUA Board
members. Chairman of the Com-
mittee is T. O. Lucas. Members
are J. J. R. Beaujon, D. Madu-
ro, and R. Werleman. Carlos Z.
de Cuba of PR/IR acts as secre-

*.^- 1" ,
-4 I
>4 p A... ^

M. D. Kock Promovi pa Supervisor

Di Ship Operations Efectivo Maart 1
Process-Oil Movements recientemente a anuncia promotion di
Maximo D. Kock pa supervisor di cperacionnan di bapor efectivo
Maart 1.
Promer di su promotion, Sr. Kock a traha pa cuatro anja como
un supervisor di warda den Agency Operations.
Sr. Kock tin como 29 anja di Regal y Fls. 3 Cash
experencia y tur ta den opera- y Fis. 310 Cash
cion di marina y haaf. Ta Premio Pa Ganadornan
El a bai School Sta. Theresa,
a terminal un curso di corres- Di CYI Durante Februari
pondencia di cuatro anja for di Siete idea a paga Fls. 310 na
American School di Chicago, placa efectivo como premionan
Illinois, y a ser present e diplo- initial y pa Lucky Area durante
ma di High School di Merca. Februari. Ademas, un regalo a
Sr. Kock tabata un represen- ser present na e sugeridor di
tante di district di L.E.C. y un scguridad pa e luna ey.
miembro di Directiva di Lago Ferdinand R. Lo-Fo-Sang, di
Sport Park. Mechanical-M&C, tabatin dos
Na 1965, el a recibi un asigna- idea cu a keda acepta luna pasa,
cion di training di seis siman cu c-da uno di Fls. 40.
Creole, Esso International y Su idea pa instala marca y
Humble na New York den ope- senjal di peliger na equipo pa
racionnan di marine y bapor. start motor na Edeleanu Plant
Sr. Kock, kende ta un miem- tambe a hacie'le ganador di
bro di e koornan di Misa Sta. Lucky Area pa November 1965.
Theresa y di Vivons en Chan- Pa esaki tambe el a haya un
tant, ta gusta piscamento y :remio extra di Fls. 25.
hunga golf. Ariba su proximo Su segundo idea tabata pa
vacantie, el tin plan pa bai bi- kita e clipnan chikito cu tin na
shita New York cu su esposa. banda patras di pickupnan chi-
kito. Su ideanan tambe a gana
Mehoracion di Seguridad pc e titulo di Sugeridor di Luna
Pafor di Trabao Indica in erar e anja aki tamb
Pa Cifranan di Februari E idea pa usa tubo surplus di
16 duim for di Tanki No. 359
Empleadonan a experiment cual ta bai pa Gas Oil Pump-
dos desgracia cu perdida di temrn- house pa proyectonan nobo a
po durante Februari e anja aki. paga Fls. 100 den premio initial
Ambos a socede pafor di trabao. na Alejandro Tromp, di Mech-
E dos desgracianan tabata res- anical-E.I.S.
ponsabel pa 42 dia perdi for di Empleado di Process-Refining
trabao. Na Januari, tabatin siete Edgar Maduro a recibi FIs. 30
desgracia pafor di trabao cu como premio initial. Su idea ta-
perdida di tempo, cual a result bata pa conecta un linja na
den 97 dia di trabao perdi. LEAR 2 na e pompnan di "de-
Desgracia sin perdemento di:butanizer feed" y directamente
tempo for di trabao na Februari pa e "reflux drum" na LEAR 2.
a yega un total di 22, compare Sugeridor Alfredo Rafini, di
cu 33 na Januari. Desgracianan Process-Refining, a manda aden
total na Februari tabata 24, y 40 un idea pa instala un meter di
na January presion ariba di 15 piso di
Segun statistieknan, miem- PCAR pa ahusta linjanan C6 y
bronan di familiar di empleado- C7. Su premio initial tabata FIs
nan tabatin mehor experiencia 25.
pafor di trabao cu empleadonan. Walter J. Ziemba, di Techni-
Durante Januari y Februari cal-Process Engineering, a haya
1966, e esposanan, yiu muher- un premio initial di Fls. 25 pa
nan y yiu hombernan di emplea- su idea pa mehora e lorada di
donan a experiment solamente acera na e entrada pa e lugar di
32 desgracia, mientras emplea- parkeer pariba di Oficina Gran-
donan a sufri 64 desgracia pafor di.
di trabao. E desgracianan aki Fls. 25 tabata e premio cu
tabata inclui seis causa den Frederic J. Arrindell, di Mech-
transportacion, 43 na cas, ocho anical-M&C, a gana. Su idea ta-
den lugarnan public y site den bata pa install un telefoon ari-
iecreacion. ba di 15 piso di PCAR.

SOME 80 students of Shell Curacao's Schroe-
derschool, accompanied by their teachers,
were special guests during a refinery tour
and treat at the picnic ground on Feb. 8.

COMO 80 estudiante di Schroederschool di
Shell Curacao, acompanj6 pa nan maestro
y maestranan, tabata huespedes special du-
rante un tour den refineria Februari 8.




March 25, 1966


March 25, 1966

r S



Special Effect Photos by: J. M. de Cuba



arch 25, 1966





Ta Cambia




wedding ceremony.
ceremonia di casa-

Rev. H. J. Ka-
Rev. H. J. Ka-

REV. J. H. Sillevis Smitt preaching during wedding ceremony in Wester Church.
REV. J. H. Sillevis Smitt ta predica durante ceremonia di casamento den Wester Kerk.

MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE is signed. DOCUMENTO DI matrimonio ta ser firma.

COUPLE LEAVES Amsterdam's Town Hall. At right
is Princess Christine, one of the maids of honor.
PAREHA TA sali for di Stadhuis di Amsterdam. Banda
drechi ta Prinses Christine, uno di e damanan di honor.










March 25, 1966 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 5

AMSTERDAM'S MAYOR van Hall congratulates the Couple.
BURGEMEESTER VAN Hall di Amsterdam ta felicita e Pareha.

PRINCESS BEATRIX and Prince Claus when leaving the Royal Palace on the Dam.
PRINSES BEATRIX y Prins Claus ora nan a sali for di Palacio Real na e Dam.
ame : -

AT THE entrance of the Town-Hall in Amsterdam.
NA ENTRADA di Stadhuis na Amsterdam.

QUEEN JULIANA, Mrs. von Amsberg, Claus' mother, and
Prince Bernhard.
REINA JULIANA, Sra. von Amsberg y Prins Bernhard.

A SMALL interruption during ceremony in the Town Hall.
UN INTERRUPCION chikito durante ceremonial den Stadhuis.

MAYOR VAN Hall of Amsterdam addressing the royal couple.
BURGEMEESTER VAN Hall di Amsterdam ta dirigi palabra na e pareha real.




March 25, 1966

Proceso Nobo Di Purificacion Di Aire

Ta Yuda Trabao Den Espacio/Bao Lama
Un process di purificacion di aire cu por haci un continue
suministro di oxygen disponibel pa hende pa misionnan mas du-
radero den espacio y bao lama a ser desaroyA pa Esso Research
and Engineering Co.
E process ta ser yama "adsorcion sin calor" of "fraccionacion

AFTER WEDDING ceremonies, a tour was DESPUES DI casamento, un paseo a ser haci
made in the Gold Coach. den e Coche di Oro.

_I--. .-I a

-. -- -C~

sin calor". El a ser someti na un
variedad di aplicacian den es-
pacio, medicine, cuminda, in-
strument y ariba tereno di pro-
ceso petrolero y quimica.
E process por ser usA pa pu-
rifica e aire cu hende ta exhala
mientras el ta hala rosea, y ta
permit pa usa e oxygen di nobo
den lugarnan cu ta cera pa aire
no sali.
Varios Uso Importante
E uso di nobo aki por yuda
mantene bida den misionnan di
larga duracion den espacio, den
expedicionnan bao awa, den
program pa hende cu ta den
lama y pa vuelonan largo cu
avion military cu ta bula na hal-
tura grand. E techniek tambe
por extended e period cu hende
por sobrevevi den lugarnan di
sconde pa bom nuclear y pa lim-
pia aire di gasnan danjoso den
zona di bataya.
E process a ser describe den
un document preparA pa pre-
senta na e Division Quimica,
Biologica y Nuclear di e Aso-
ciacion di Artileria Americano.
Alvin Skopp, un enginiero di
Esso, a bisa cu e techniek por
ser usa pa seca, purifica y sepa-
ra gasnan manera aire.
E separacion ta ser logri
mientras cu e gas ta move pasa
door di un material secu, poro-
so y solido, yamA "adsorbente".
Den halamento di rosea di
hende, e aire cu ta ser inhale ta
contene mas tantu nitrogeno y
oxygen. E oxygen ta ser re-
teni pa uso den curpa. Loke ta
bai afor ta dioxide carbonico,
awa y otro cosnan impuro. Den
un lugar ceri pa aire no pasa,
manera un capsulo espacial of

submarine, e cosnan impuro
mester ser saka afor sino nan
lo danja e aire.
Sistemanan di suministro di
oxygen cu awor ta ser usa den
misionnan espacial tin mester
di gran cantidad di energia pa
tene e sistema di limpia aire na
Sr. Skopp a bisa cu e process
di Esso Research lo ta mas efi-
ciente cu e sistemanan awor na
uso pasobra door di reactivA e
cosnan solido den e adsorbente
ta ser logra cu menos energia
cu loke mester pa procesonan
similar competitive ta ser us.

"Adsorcion sin calor" a ser
usa pa seca instrumentnan du-
rante e lanzamento di e cohete
Vanguard y pa secamento simi-
lar na e stacionnan pa traza
vuelonan espacial.
Pa Uso Medico
Den tereno medico, e por ser
usa pa duna aire conteniendo
mas oxygen pa pacientnan cu ta
sufri di hinchamento pa motibo
di aire den curpa y den otro en-
fermedadnan di pulmon y cura-
zon. Den industrial di provision,
el por ser usa pa traha hydro-
geno masha limpi cual ta nece-
sario pa produci margarine y
ctro clase di vet pa cushina den
forma solido. El tambe por stro-
ba danjamento di fruta teni den
Sr. Skopp a bisa cu exito di e
process ta debi mayormente
door di desaroyo di adsorbentes
mehorA pa varies uso. Un cierto
cdntidad di compania tin permit
pa usa e process di Esso Re-

C. F. Jones En

Excerpt of speech by Charles
F. Jones, President of Humble
Oil & Refining Company in De-
cember, 1965, published in
ERE's The News.

Man has propelled himself
more than a hundred miles
above the earth yet he has only
a vague notion of what his own
planet looks like five miles be-
neath the surface of the oceans.
No longer are we merely inter-
ested in the surface of the
oceans. Now we are interested
in the potential wealth that lies
within the waters and below
them. In addition we are con-
cerned with the oceans' military
and international implications.
Our seas offer the last great
area for economic exploration
on the planet. The greatest
single protein bank on the earth
is the ocean. In and beneath the
waves are food, minerals, and
energy in profusion. It has been
estimated, that four-fifths of all
life on earth exists in salt water.
The problem is to conceive of
programs that will make these
resources available to us on an
economic basis. Full economic
utilization of the oceans will
take a very long time, but un-
derstanding and involvement on
the part of industry can help cut

courage The Seeking of "I
down that waiting time, treaty of the International Con-
Considering our total national vention on the Continental
picture, it makes little economic Shelf, the right to develop mi-
and social sense to spend tens of neral resources lying beyond the
billions of dollars on space ex- shelf would go "to those nations
ploration and to pinch pennies who first develop the technology
insofar as oceanographic re- to exploit them."
search is concerned. I am not ad- The oil industry recognized
vocating a reduction of our Ihe value of the minerals below
space effort, but space is essen- the ocean floor three decades
tially void the sea teems with ago. Today, we have arrived at
food and energy. The blunt eco- a point where roughly a sixth of
nomic truth is that man-in-the- the world's proven oil reserves
sea is likely to prove much more lie offshore. We have also found
important to this country than large deposits of sulfur.
man-on-the-moon. We all must learn more about
The incentives for business "human engineering" as it ap-
are substantial. In addition to plies to men in the ocean. What
the fish yield, there are tons of kind of protection will people in
phosphorite off the Pacific underwater industry need?
Coast. This mineral is a key What kinds of new metal alloys
component in fertilizers. There will be required to shield them
are also some concentrations of or be used by them in their work
manganese nadules on the sea at various depths? How can
floor that may be worth up to men operate for long periods in
ten million dollars a square mile, a high-pressure environment?
At present, the United States Can a neutralizer be intro-
imports almost all of the man- duced into the human blood-
ganese used in steel. Sea water stream or pulmonary system to
contains some 60 dissolved ele- reduce gas mixture in the cir-
ments in abundance, but at pre- culatory system at high press-
sent it is too expensive to ex- ures? Can drugs be developed
tract them. to reduce the decompression
If we do not find ways, we period?
may face the possible loss of the It would be useful to know
sea's riches to faster moving more about concrete made with
foreign countries and foreign in- sea water and its potential in
dustry. Under the terms of the preventing metal corrosion. Can

New Wealth From The Sea"
plastics keep their tensile not jeopardized by ill-advised or
strength, transparency and sur- irresponsible legislation.
face hardness at great depths. Representative Lennon of
As we drill deeper, we will, North Carolina has said,
need more effective yet econo-'"Neither the federal govern-
mic remote handling devices. nent nor its agencies should
Another ability of great import- engage in anything more than
ance is being able to "see under scientific research and explora-
the sea." Turbidity in the water tion... not to develop the re-
is a serious deterrent to good sources. That is to be left... to
underwater vision. We must de- private industry." I heartily
velop means of dispelling tur- subscribe to this view.
bidity. We also have long-term res-
Navigation and mooring are ponsibilities. One is environ-
vitally important to ocean oper- mental. Irresponsible industrial
nations. We are particularly con- practices could destroy the deli-
cerned about vessel positioning. cate balance of life in the ocean.
The greater our equipment Pollution avoidance programs
placement accuracy, the more are essential. Humble has in-
effective we can be in finding volved itself in extensive re-
and producing oil. search in this area. We have
In transportation no one has found that sea life flourishes
yet developed the underwater e- near oil operations that are
equivalent of the Jeep. In com- carefully run.
munications the problems of There is also technical res-
air-sea conversation are still po- ponsibility. In the course of
tent. There are still basic stu- business operations certain tech-
dies to be done in marine micro- nology will be developed. It
biology, in underwater metallur- should be made broadly avail-
gy, in data processing of under- able. Appropriate cooperation
seas information, in soil mech- with private and government
anics and waste disposal, groups should be sought.
All this creativity and inno- Another area of responsibility
ovation will be ineffective unless is planning for safety. Business
we have security for our ocean has an obligation to those who
investments. It is absolutely es- work in and on the seas. We
sential that these long range must have adequate safety and
investments be protected and evacuation measures.