Citation
Aruba Esso news

Material Information

Title:
Aruba Esso news
Creator:
Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
Place of Publication:
Aruba Netherlands Antilles
Publisher:
Lago Oil and Transport Co., Ltd.
Creation Date:
1984
Frequency:
biweekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Petroleum industry and trade -- Periodicals -- Aruba ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )

Notes

Language:
Text in English and papiamento.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1- 1940-
General Note:
Cover title.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Holding Location:
Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Rights Management:
This item was contributed to the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) by the source institution listed in the metadata. This item may or may not be protected by copyright in the country where it was produced. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by applicable law, including any applicable international copyright treaty or fair use or fair dealing statutes, which dLOC partners have explicitly supported and endorsed. Any reuse of this item in excess of applicable copyright exceptions may require permission. dLOC would encourage users to contact the source institution directly or dloc@fiu.edu to request more information about copyright status or to provide additional information about the item.
Resource Identifier:
000307401 ( ALEPH )
06371498 ( OCLC )
ABT4040 ( NOTIS )

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Full Text






a

The ARUBA ESSO NEWS is published for all
Lago employees. Please contact the Editor for

permission to reprint or reproduce any portion of

this magazine.

ARUBA ESSO NEWS 60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE 84

Editor: Mrs. Myrna Jansen-Feliciano
Translation into Papiamento by: Mr. G. W. Bosse
Photographs by: Joe’s Photographic Service
Printer: Verenigde Antilliaanse Drukkerijen N.V.
VOLUME 46 - NO. 8







Wwe

through thes







Sixty years ago, when Aruba was
still an island of few resources and
employment, our Company began
to operate as a transshipping
terminal, first in the Oranjestad
harbour and later in the San
Nicolas port. Soon alter that, the
Lago Oil & Transport Company --
officially established as a
Corporation in Ottawa, Canada
on August 12, 1924 -- started its
journey into the world of oil
business by refining its first few
barrels of Venezuelan crude in
1929. That marked the beginning
of a period of growth, a history of
achievement, a lifetime of
development for Lago and Aruba.
We are all familiar with the
development of Lago over the last
60 years. Lago became one of the
largest, safest, and most modern
refineries in the world. Several
million dollars were spent
expanding the refinery
modernizing its facilities and
training its personnel. Our
Company has played a key role in
the development of the island

and its community and has become
one of the major pillars of the
Aruban economy.

In the last few years, Lago has
continued to invest large sums of
money to modernize its facilities
and maintain its competitive
position. Since 1979, over 125
million dollars capital investment
have been made to improve
product yields, reduce fuel
consumption, improve salety and
reliability. The Refinery spent 30
million dollars alone to install two
new computer-controlled high
efficiency boilers that replace six
old units. A 15 million dollar
project has recently been
completed to recover butane from
the refinery gas system and
upgrade this to LPG for export. In
addition, expenditures of 270
million dollars have been incurred
in the last few years to upgrade





maintenance standards, equipment
reliability, and housekeeping.





Lago has always responded very
rapidly to the changing business
environment, relying on
.competent, skillfull and loyal
employees - 95% of whom are
Antilleans. This ability to handle

changes has recently been put to |



the test, prompted by the cutback
in crude supplies from 300 to 180
KBD and the increase in crude
pricing which ocurred last
December.

Lago has reacted very ellectively
to this new difficult situation, by
streamlining its operations and
adjusting its organization
accordingly. The workforce has
been reduced by 30% in an orderly
manner. With the cooperation
from all our employees and Union
representatives. we have been able
to implement significant changes
in a very short period of time
without impairing safety and
reliability. We now have a leaner.
more efficient organization. By
minimizing our costs and
improving our competitiveness. we
are in a better position to face the
challenges ahead.

Regarding our future, I can
reassure you that we are sparing
no efforts to seek a satisfactory



President Antonio Cavallaro

long term supply arrangement |
with oul crude supplic rs to ensure
the viability of our operation and
to continue to contribute to the
prosperity of our employees and
the Aruban community

I would like to take the
opportunity of Lago’s 60th
anniversary celebration to extend
to all its present and past
employees. our most sincere
gratitude for the excellent work
performed through these years



and a most cordial wish for many
more Vvears ol mutual commitment





negoshi di azeta door di retina su |
prome poco barilnan di crudo

Sesenta afia pasa. tempo cu Aruba
tabata ainda un isla cu poco

(
recurso y empleo, nos Compania a Venezolano na 1929. Esey a marca | |
cuminza opera como un terminal e comienzo di un periodo di I
di transbordacion, promé den hat crecemento, un historia di logro. \
di Oranjestad y despues den e hat un curso di bida di desarovo pa €
di San Nicolas. Poco tempo Lago vy Aruba (
despues di esey, Lago Oil & Nos tur ta na haltura di ¢ I
Transport Company -- desarovo di Lago durante e ultimo ft
olicialmente estableci como un 60 ananan. Lago a bira un di ¢ h
corporacion na Ottawa, Canada, refinerianan di mas grandi, mas ul
dia 12 di Augustus 1924 -- a sigur y mas moderno di mundo i,

cuminza su viahe den e mundo di Varios million dollar a wordo —»





60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

ARUBA ESSO NEWS



gasta na expandé e refineria,
moderniza e facilidadnan,
entrenad su personal. Compania a
hunga un papel clave den e
desaroyo di e isla y e comunidad

a bira un di e pilarnan principal
di e economia Arubano.
Den e ultimo ananan aki,
sigi inverti sumanan grandi di
placa pa moderniza su

Lagoa

facilidadnan y mantené su posicion
competidor. Desde 1979, mas cu
125 million dollar na capital a
wordo inverti pa mehora e
rendimiento di producto, reduci
consumo di combustible, mehora
seguridad y confiabilidad.
refineria a gasta 30 million dollar
s6 pa instala dos boiler nobo di
rendimiento halto y controla pa
computador, pa reemplaza e seis
unidadnan bieuw. Un projecto di
15 million dollar a bini cla
recientemente pa recobra butano
for die sistema di gas di refineria,
pa e wordo mehora y converti den
LPG pa exportacion. Fuera di
esey, gastonan montando na 270
million dollar a wordo haci den e
ultimo afianan aki pa mehora
normanan di mantenimiento,



confiabilidad di equipo, y maneho
domestico.

Lago semper a respondé hopi lihet
mbionan den e ambiente
comercial, dependiendo ariba un
forza obreril competente, habil y
leal, di cual 95% ta Antilliano.
Recientemente abilidad di trata cu
cambionan, a wordo someti na un
prueba, causa door di e reduccion
den e suministracion di crudo di
300 pa 180 mil baril pa dia y e
aumento den e preis di crudo na
December ultimo.

Lago a reacciona hopi efectivo
ariba e situacion nobo y dificil aki,
haciendo su operacionnan facil y
suave, y ahustando e organizacion
conlorme e situacion. Nos forza
obreril a wordo reduci cu 30% na
un manera ordena. Cu e
cooperacion di tur nos empleado y
representantenan di sindicato,
gerencia por a implementa
cambionan hopi significativo den
un periodo hopi cortico sin



naec





perhudica seguridad y
confiabilidad. Nos tin awor un
structura di organizacion cu ta
menos denso y mas eficiente.
Reduciendo nos gastonan y



mehorando nos base pa

competenc ia, nos ta den un mihor
posicion pa enfrenta e retonan
actual.

Tocante nos futuro, mi kier
reasegura boso tur cu nos no ta
vasila pa haci tur esfuerzo pa trata
na logra un areglo satislactorio pa
un suministracion ariba un

termino largo cu e
suministradornan di crudo pa
sigura e viabilidad di nos
operacion y continua cu nos
contribucion na e prosperidad di
nos empleadonan y e comunidad
Arubano.

Mi kier tume a oportunidad di
Lago su celebracion di 60 aha pa
extende na tur e empleadonan
actual y di pasado, nos mas sincero
gratitud pa e trabao excelente cu a
ser haci durante e afanan aki .
y un deseo masha cordial pa hopi
mas ana di compromiso mutuo .....







Esso News cover drawn by
Giolina Henriquez, a local

professional artist.







lifetime .....
Those sixty years were not always

Sixty years

prosperous years. Just as in any
person’s life the Company had its
ups and downs, its moments olf
glory and times of uncertainty. But
sixty years by itself is an ;
accomplishment. For any company
to have existed for 60 years, many
things must have been functioning
right

One of those factors, and also the
greatest asset a company can hav os
is its work force. Lago employees
were always known to be
hardworking, dedicated and loyal,
able to meet challenges as they.
came along. And that is part, aside
from sound management, of what
contributed to Lago’s 60-year
history ac hievements. :

Besides a steady take-home pay,
what untangible values do j
employees attribute to their
employer? For some employees,
Lago may be just a place to work
to earn a living. For many others,
however, Lago means a little more
than that: a place to grow
professionally, an opportunity to



lull.

meet challenges, a chance to prove
one’s capabilities
Some employees, w ith different
backgrounds, education, and years
of service, were asked to give their
personal views on what they value
most in their jobs. Here are the
answers:

e On August 12, 1984, the same
date that Lago completed its 60th
anniversary, Hubert Dirks, better
known as *’ Mofli’’, commemorated
his 10th year of service. Moffi is at
present an Advance I
Instrumentman in the
Instruments/Electrical Section of
the Operations Department. An
avid sports player, he organizes
many sports activities for his
section. "You need recreation,” he
especially if you work hard.
The tournaments we organize for
Lago employees creates a good
atmosphere between the
employees.” How about work

‘Lago i Is a compe titive company,
so you have to demonstrate that
you can do the job. In our section
there is a lot of competition;

everybody has to keep up to date
—_





says, ”





A PLACE
TO GROW





TTL)

i

Any ambitions? To reach as far as I can
."' said Moffi, an Advance I Instrument-
man in the Instruments / Electrical Section

of the Operations Department.





with the new technology and that
is very demanding. I think my job
is challe nging, because often I
have to repair new equipment

without getting specific training for

it, and, when problems arise, I
have to troubleshoot until I can
solve the problems ..... * Any
ambitions? o reach as far as I
can,” said Mofli, “although, a lot
depends on the opportunities that
will come my way .....



e A graduated marine
engineer, Randolph Peterson, had
worked as such for 7-1/2 years for
Shell, ashore and on board of
ships. For the last 6-1/2 years he
held a job as Coordinator Ship
Manager and Purchasing Manager
for the Dok Maatschappij in
Curacao. With those 14 years of
experience behind him, he was
employed by Lago as Group Head
of the Storehouse Materials
Operation in October of °83. “I
personally believe it was
advantageous for me to have
started my career at Lago in this
section, and, at that time, because
I was able to use my experience to
introduce and implement many
changes,” commented Randolph.
He explained: "Due to the 38%
manpower reduction in our
section, reorganization had to take
place, things had to be changed,
corrected, and employees had to
be trained to take each other’s job.



And all that had to be
accomplished while we were
working towards a more
acceptable level of service.”

In the short time he has been with
the Company, what are
Randolph’s experiences so far?
“One of the things I appreciate is
that I had the opportunity to
attend good training programs
here,” he said, “such as the
Compensation, Transition, and
First Line Supervisory workshops.
Another type of training that I
consider to be very important, and
wish to promote for our section, is
on-the-job training. Teaching
people why certain things should
be done creates in them more
interest for their work, which in
turn encourages them to produce
more in quality and quantity.”



*Furthermore, from my own
experience, I can say that those in
a higher position than you value
your input. I have personally not
yet experienced that my boss asks
me a question and then just files
the answer. I feel that my opinion
is valued and to me that is how
your superior expresses that he



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

values your expertise, because that
is how I deal with my subordinates
also.”

Having worked at two other large
companies prior to joining Lago,

in what aspect does Lago stand
out the most to Randolph? The
fact that Lago is a production
oriented organization,” he said.
“In many other organizations” he
explained, “two persons employed
in the same position on the same
date have to start with and
continue with the same salary for
as long as they perform the same
work. I don’t believe in that
system. Here, at Lago, your
opportunities for advancement and
your growth in income are
determined by your performance.
And I think that is the best system.
Some people say that money is a
demotivator, but I don’t believe it



e In 1947, Anselmo Semeleer
enrolled in the Lago Vocational
School as an apprentice. As he was
reminiscing about those days, he
indicated that attending that
school was one of the most
significant events in all his years of
employment with Lago. “It is
through the Lago Vocational
School that I became a first class
carpenter.” he said.

One of the pleasant experiences
that stands out the most in his 37
years with Lago were his 16 years
as master of “driving piles.” “I am
the only person still at Lago who
has witnessed how piles were
driven into the sea bottom when
Reetberth 1 was built.”
commented Anselmo. “In that job.
I have worked together with
geologists, performing dredging
work, checking sea movements.
and pile driving. It was hard
work.”

In the 1970°s. however, Lago sold
the pile driver, and Anselmo then
moved to the Process - Fuels
Division. On January Ist of this
year, he became a permanent
operator.

Anselmo is an active member of
the Independent Oil Workers
Union of Aruba having served as
board member, shop steward, and
Union President trom 1978 to

1982.



e I want to broaden my
horizon, learn more, teach others
what I've learned, and
subsequently establish a more
productive workplace,” said
Barbara Lee, a Systems Analyst in
the Mathematics, Computers and
Systems Division of the



60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

Administrative Department.
Barbara, who has had some prior
experience in ae
applications in the United States,
joined Lago in October of 1982.
At the start of her career here, she
was assigned to maintain the
personnel system. After a while,
she became the main Systems
Analyst of the Hewlett Packard
3000 computer system.

‘The Hewlett Packard project was
a big che alle nge for me,
Barbara,
learning a totally new compute1
system and application. In
addition, the HP is a real-time on-
line system. This means that any
processed transaction will take

* said
‘because it meant

’... Lago has stimulated my professional
growth,” said Barbara Lee, Systems Ana-
lyst in the Administrative Department

place immediately. Management is
looking into more on-line systems
One of my future
challenges is also to be
with the imple mentation of those
systems.”

Another detail that Barbara values
in her job at Lago is the fact that
she has had the opportunity to
attend many courses here and
abroad. “This has enhanced the
development of my career and has
created elliciences in my work.”

for Lago.
involved

she commented. “I can certainly
say that Lago has stimulated my
professional growth.”

e C. Victor Hunt, at present a
Contact Engineer in the
Operations Support Division, has
been at Lago tor five vears alte
eraduating with a Masters degree
in Chemical engineering from the
University of Twente in Holland.
At Lago he has also worked in
and Business
Fresh
=

Process Design
Planning & Coordination.



4



60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

out of University, what were Vic’s
ereatest challenges? ’*The biggest
challenge I had when I started
with Lago,” he said, “was to
develop my interpersonal
communications skills, versus my
technical/ intellectual skills,
because I have found that using
these interpersonal, organizational
skills are necessary in order to be
able to function in any
organization. As a matter of fact, I
believe that getting things done in
a big organization such as Lago,
where you have different forces
acting in different directions, is the
most valuable skill a professional

can have here.”

How about challenges in the
technical field? Vic feels that the
complexity of the refinery itself is a
challenge. "When you work in a
refinery where everything has to
be done in harmony (because all
the units are interconnected), he
said, you have to gain knowledge

. henter un bida

E sesenta afianan ey no tur ora
tabata afanan prospero. Manera
den bida di cualquier persona, e
Compania tabata tin su témponan
bon y malo, su temponan di gloria
y di inseguridad. Pero sesenta afia
riba su més ta un logro caba. Pa
Cue alquie I compania a eXxisti 60
ania, hopi cos mester tabata
funciona bon
Un die tambe e
elemento di éxito di mas grandi cu
un compania por tin, ta su forza
obreril. Empleadonan di Lago
semper tabata conoci pa ta traha
duro, pa ta dedica y leal,
competente pa entrenta retonan
segun nan tabata presenta nan
mes. Y esey ta parti, ademas di un
maneho sano, di loke a contribui
na e légronan di Lago den su
historia di 60 ania.
Fuera di un salario fiho pa nan
hiba cas, kiko ta e balornan
intangible cu empleadonan ta
atribui na nan dofio di trabao?
Pa algun empleado e ta sdlamente
un lugar pa nan traha y gana
nan pan. Pa hopi otronan, sin-
embargo Lago ta significa un poco
mas Cu esey un lugar pa crece
profesiondlmente, un oportunidad
pa enfrenta retonan, un chens pa

Sesenta aha

factornan, y





ARUBA ESSO NEWS

a 3

The biggest challenge I had when I star-
ted with Lago ... was to develop my inter-

personal communications skills, ...” said
Vic Hunt, Contact Engineer in the Opera-
tions Support Division of the Technical
Department.

le

proba nan capacidadnan

Algun empleado, cu
antecedéntenan, educacion, y
afianan di servicio distinto, a
wordo puntra pa duna nan
opinionnan personal ariba loke
nan ta valora mas den nan trabao.
Ata e contestanan aki:

e Dia 12 di Augustus, 1984,
mesun fecha cu Lago ta completa
su di 60 aniversario, Hubert Dirks,
mihor conoci como * Moffi’, a
conmemora su di 10 afia di
servicio. Actualmente Moffi ta un
Advance I Instrumentman den e
Instruments/Electrical Section di
Operations Department. Un
deportista ansioso, e ta organiza
hopi actividadnan deportivo pa su
seccion. ’’Bo tin mester di
recreacion,”’ e ta bisa,
“especialmente si bo ta traha duro.
E torneonan cu nos ta organiza pa
empleadonan di Lago ta crea un
bon ambiente entre ¢
empleddonan.”’ Con bo ta hafia e
trabao? Lago ta un compania
competidor, pesei bo mester
demonstra cu bo por haci e
trabao. Den nos seccion tin hopi
competencia; tur hende meste1
keda “up-to-date” cu e tecnologia
nobo y esey ta hopi exigente. Mi





about all the units, and that
enriches your technical
knowledge.” The fact that Lago is
a 60-year old refinery with some
old equipment is not discouraging
to Vic. On the contrary,” he
said, “it is a challenge to do a
good job so you can keep it going
for another 60 years. And besides,
because Lago is old, there are a lot
of highly experienced people
around. Working with them is
valuable for the development of a
new engineer.”

In conclusion, Vie said that every
day of work is a challenge for him.

”You just have to keep on
perfecting yourself,” he said, and
if things aren’t going too well, it’s
a big challenge to try to make’em
better.”

UN LUGAR
PA CRECE

ta hafia cu mi trabao ta retador,
pasobra hopi biaha mi mester
drecha equipo nobo sin hafia
entrenamiento specifico pe; y, ora
cu surgi problema, mi mester
“troubleshoot” te ora cu mi
resolvé e problemanan

Bo tin ambicionnan? ’’Pa yega te
unda mi por,” Moffi a bisa,
*aunke, hopi ta dependé di e
oportunidadnan cu lo bini mi
caminda .

e Un ingeniero naval gradua,
Randolph Peterson, a traha como
tal pa 7-1/2 afia pa Shell, na tera
y na bordo di barconan. Pa e
ultimo 6-1/2 afia su trabao tabata
Coordinator Ship Manager y
Purchasing Manager na Dok
Maatschappij na Curacao. Cu 14
afia di experiencia su tras, ela
wordo emplea pa Lago como
Group Head di Storehouse
Materials Operation na October di
; ‘Ami personalmente ta kere
cu tabata ventahoso pami pa a
cuminza mi carera na Lago den e
seccion aki, y, na e tempo ey,

pasobra mi tabata por a uza mi
—







experiencia pa introduci y
implementa hopi cambionan,”
Randolph a comenta. Ela splica:
Pa motibo cu e personal den nos
seccion a wordo reduci cu 38%,
reorganizacion mester a tuma
lugar, cosnan mester a wordo
cambia, corehi, y empleadonan
mester a wordo entrend pa tuma
trabaonan di otro. Y tur esey a
wordo logra mientras cu nos
tabata traha pa yega na un nivel
di servicio mas acceptable.”

Den e corto tempo cu e€ tin cue



"I feel that my opinion is valued ...,”’ said
Randolph Peterson, Group Head of the
Storehouse Materials Operation,
Administrative Department.

Compania, kiko Randolph su
experiencianan ta te awor? Un di
e cosnan cu mi ta aprecia ta cu mi
tabata tin e oportunidad pa asisti
na bon programanan di
entrenamiento akinan,” ela bisa,
“manera e “workshop” nan di
Compensation, Transition y First
Line Supervisor. Un otro tipo di
entrenamiento cu ami ta considera
di ta hopi importante, y cu mi kier
promove pa nos seccion, ta
entrenamiento na trabao. Sifando
hendenan pakiko cierto cosnan
mester wordo haci, ta crea den
nan mas interes pa nan trabao,
loke na su turno ta encurashé nan
pa produci mas den calidad y
cantidad.”
*Mas ainda, di propio experiencia,
mi por bisa cu esnan den un
- posicion mas halto cubo ta aprecia
bo punto di bista. Ami
personalmente noa experiencia
ainda cu mi hele ta puntrami algo
y simplemente no ta haci caso di
mi contesta. Mi ta sinti cu mi
opinion ta valioso y pa mi esey ta
e manera cu bo hele ta expresa cu
e ta valora bo abilidadnan,



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

pasobra ta asina ami ta trata cu
esnan cu ta traha bao di mi
tambe.”

Despues di a traha anteriormente
pa dos otro companianan grandi,
promé cu ela drenta servicio di
Lago, den ki aspecto Lago ta
resalta mas pa Randolph? "E
hecho cu Lago ta un organizacion
orienta ariba produccion,” ela
bisa. Den hopi otro
organizacion,”’ ela splica, dos
hende cu wordo emplea den e
mesun posicion ariba e mesun
fecha mester cuminza y sigi cu e
mesun salario tanten cu nan haci e
mesun trabao. Ami no ta kere den
e sistema ey. Aki na Lago, bo
oportunidadnan pa avanza y e
aumento den bo salario ta wordo
determina a base di e trabao cu bo
ta ehecuta. Y ami ta pensa cu esey
ta e mihor sistema. Algun hende ta
bisa cu placa ta un désmotivador,
pero ami no ta kere cue ta .....”





60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE j_

e Na 1947, Anselmo Semeleer a
inscribi na Lago Vocational School
como un ’’apprentice’’.
Recordando e dianan ey, ela

indica cu siguiendo cursonan na e

skol ey tabata un di e evéntonan

mas significativo den tur su

ananan di empleo cu Lago. Ta e
Lago Vocational School a haci cu

mi a bira un carpinté di primera
clase,” ela bisa.

Un die experiencianan placentero x
cu ta resalta mas den su 37

ananan cu Lago tabata su 16

afianan como "master of driving
piles’. *’Ami ta e unico persona te
ainda na Lago cua presencia con -
e stacanan tabata wordo claba den

e fondo di laman ora cu Reetberth

1 a wordo construi,”’ Anselmo a
comenta. Den e trabao ey mia
traha hunto cu gedlogonan,
ehecutando trabaonan di |
dragamento, averiguando {
movimiento di laman, y claba





60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE



staca. E tabata un trabao duro.”
Den e ananan 1970, sinembargo,
Lago a bende e “pile driver’, esta
e machin pa claba staca, y
Anselmo a translada pa Process -
Fuels Division. Dia promé di
Januari di e afia aki, ela bira un
operador permanente

Anselmo ta un miembro activo di
e Independent Oil Workers Union
di Aruba y a ocupa e puesto di
miembro di directiva, shop
steward, y presidente di 1978 pa

1982

e ’Mi kier amplia mi
horizonte, sifia mas, instrui
6tronan loke ami a sina, y
subsequentemente crea un lugar di
trabao mas productivo,” Barbara
Lee, un Systems Analyst den e
Mathematics Computers and
Systems Division di Administrative

Department, a bisa

Barbara, kende tabata tin algun
experiencia anterior den
aplicacionnan di computador na
Estados Unidos, a drenta den
servicio di Lago na October di
1982. Na principio di su carera
ikinan, ela wordo encarga cu
mantenimiento di e sistema di

personal. Algun tempo despues, ela
yira e Systems Analyst principal di
tema di computador Hewlett
Packard 3000
E projecto di Hewlett Packard
ta un reto grandi pami,”’

Barba 1 bi pasobra e tabata
ensera Cu mi mester a sifa un
aplicacion y sistema di

ymputador totalmente nobo.
\demas, e HP ta un “real-time

on-line system”. Esaki kiermen cu
cualquier transaccion cu wordo
procesa lo tuma lugai
inmediatamente. Gerencia ta
studiando e posibilidad pa Lago
hana mas di e “on-line system”
nan aki. Un di mi rétonan pa
futuro ta pa ta envolvi tambe cu ¢€
implementacion di e sistemanan

‘

Un otro detaye cu Barbara ta
aprecia den su trabao na Lago ta e
hecho cu e tabata tin e
oportunidad pa asisti na hopi
curso akinan y den exterior.

Esaki a yuda contribui na «
desaroyo di mi carera y a crea
eficiéncianan den mi trabao,” ela
comenta. Mi por bisa
seguramente cu Lago a stimula mi
crecemento profesional.”

e C. Victor Hunt, actualmente
un Contact Engineer den

Operations Support Division, tin 5
ana ta traha na Lago despues dia
gradua cu un grado di Master”


















ARUBA ESSO NEWS

den ingenieria quimica den e
Universidad di Twente na
Hulanda. Na Lago ela traha
tambe den Process Design y
Business Planning & Coordination
Como graduado recién, kiko
tabata Vic su rétonan mas grandi?
“E reto mas grandi pami ora mi a
cuminza na Lago,” ela bisa,
“tabata pa desaroya mi abilidad
pa comunicacion interpersonal,
contra mi abilidad

tecnico/ intelectual, pasobra mi a
descubri cu e uzo di e abilidadnan
interpersonal/ organizacional ta
necesario pa por funciona den
cualquier 01 ganizacion. En
realidad, mi ta kere cu pa logra
realizacion di e trabaonan den un
organizacion grandi manera Lago,
unda cu bo tin f6rzanan distinto
actuando den diferente direccion,
ta e abilidad di mas valioso cu un
profesional por tin akinan.”

Kiko ta e rétonan ariba tereno

processed:









side ..... 11 barrels high .....
layer of 5-1/2 meters high .....

consumption statistics).

Impressive? You bet!

barrels.



procesa:

poblacion di Estados Unidos .....
na 1981).



6.5 Billion Barrels of Oil

Up to August 12, 1984, Lago Oil & Transport Company, Ltd. has

6.5 BILLION BARRELS OF PETROLEUM.

How much, really, is 6.5 billion barrels of oil?
Here are different ways of looking at it:
® 6.5 BB of oil cover the entire island of Aruba, with stacks placed side by

© 6.5 BB of oil cover the island in its totality ..... 1,800 times .....
© 6.5 BB of oil cover the complete surface of the island ..... with an oil

© 6.5 BB of oil would satisfy the energy demand of the entire population
of the United States ..... for one year ..... (according to 1981 U.S.

Congratulations for your contribution to these

‘Credits to Paul Arends. Technical-OSD. tor giving meaning to the 6.5 BB

6.5 Billion Baril di Azeta

Te cu dia 12 di Augustus 1984, Lago Oil & Transport Company, Ltd. a

6.5 BILLION BARIL DI PETROLEO.

Cuanto 6.5 billion baril di azeta ta realmente?

Aki tin diferente manera di miré:

© 6.5 billion baril di azeta ta cubri henter e isla di Aruba, cu barilnan poni
den filanan banda di otro ..... cu un haltura di 11 baril ariba otro ..
® 6.5 billion baril diazeta ta cubrie isla densu totalidad..... 1800 biaha.....
® 6.5 billion baril di azeta ta cubri henter e superficie die isla ..... cu un
capa di azeta di 5-1/2 meter di haltura .....

® 6.5 billion baril di azeta lo satifacé e demanda pa energia di henter e
pa un afia .....(segun e consumo diE.U.

Impresionante? Sigur cu si!
Pabien pa bo contribucion na e barilnan aki.





técnico? Vic ta sinti cu e
complexidad di e refineria més ta
un reto. Ora cu bo traha den un
refineria unda tur cos mester
wordo haci den harmonia (pasobra
tur e unidadnan ta interconecta),””
ela bisa, bo tin di hafa mas
conocimiento técnico.”” E hecho cu
Lago ta un relineria di 60 ana
bieuw cu algun equipo bieuw, no
ta descurasha Vic. Al contrario,”
ela bisa, “ta un reto pa haci un
bon trabao pa asina bo por tené
den operacion pa un otro 60 ana
mas. Y ademas, pasobra cu Lago
ta bieuw, tin un cantidad di hende
sumamente experiencia akinan,
Trahando cu nan ta valioso pa e

desaroyo di un ingeniero nobo.”
Concluyendo, Vic a bisa cu cada
dia di trabao ta un reto pe. Bo
mester continua cu perfecciona bo
mes.” ela bisa, “y si cosnan no ta
bayendo mucho bon, ta un reto
grandi pa purba di mehora nan.”















































ARUBA ESSO NEWS 60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE ‘













60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

ARUBA ESSO NEWS





Lord Boxoe
dedicates song
to Lago

"GOD BLESS LAGO” is the title
of the calypso that Lago
Annuitant, Yrad Illidge, better
known as Lord Boxoe, recorded on
a 45 rpm record on the occasion of
Lago’s 60th anniversary.

*That calypso is based on my
personal feelings toward Lago,”
said Lord Boxoe. "Lago meant
everything to me. I started to work
here as a kid, when I was only 14
years old, and I worked here
practically all my life. Everything
I know I got from Lago.” That
song was also written as a tribute
to every Lago employee who has
contributed to Lago’s existence for
sixty years.

Lord Boxoe presented his record "GOD
BLESS LAGO” to Lago’s President,
Antonio Cavallaro, on the occasion of
Lago’s 60th anniversary.

Lord Boxoe. who went on pension
on January | of this vear after 38
years of service, last year became
Road March King with the
famous “GeGe.” In the 20 vears
that he has participated in the
carnival contests. he has won a
total of 16 titles. either as Road
March King or Calypso King.
Some of his best carnival
compositions such as “Ge-Ge™ and
“Meaty” were recorded on the
other side of the record. Music
accompaniment was provided by
Triple “S” with three Lago
employees as band members:
Sonny Hoo, Manager and
saxophone player: Casin Giel.
pianist: and Larry Hoo, trombone
player.







10

reminisces

about
the past

Suill an energetic and active
member of the community, Freddy
Dirksz is the only Lago annuitant
alive today who started working in
1924, at the beginning of Lago’s
now 60-year history.

*The other two boys, Manuel
Geerman and Gabriel Werleman,
who started together with me,”
related Freddy, “had as their job
to row boats for Messrs. Wolfson
and Gray who, as part of a survey,
came to Aruba to measure the
depth of the ocean by the San
Nicolas harbor. At 14 years of age,
I was what they called a
*waterboy’. I would go around
serving water for the oil
representatives to drink,” said
Freddy.

Eventhough that was 60 years ago,
Freddy seems to remember may
things: names of people, which
ships anchored first at Lago and
where everything was located. He
also remembered exactly how
much he earned. “I was the person
with the lowest salary at that time,



Our Company is know!
loyal employees. Not st
workforce have over





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and 119 of those have
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Some, even have 40 ve
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ir he
Ki Ol l 1



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LEKK ERK EE EK



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

FREDDY
DIRKSZ



Freddy Dirksz... the only annuitant alive,
who has eyewitnessed the very beginning
of Lago’s 60-year history, recalls some
pleasant memories of the times ...

earning NAFIs. 0.25 per day. That
came out to NAFIs. 1.50 per week,
because we had a six-day work
week,” said Freddy with a smile.
as he continued, “some others
were paid NAFIs. 1.00 per day.
Johan Eman would come on pay
day to pay us in florins.” Was
NAFls. 1.50 per week enough?
Sure,” he said.

What about transportation in
those days? “In the early
beginnings, some people walked to
work. Others used donkeys as their



ea



Z\
A)
> SSSSSSp7



60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

eapiando
di
pasado

Ainda un miembro enérgico \
activo di e comunidad, Freddy
Dirksz ta e tinico pensionista di
Lago na bida awe. cu a cuminza
traha na 1924, na principio di
Lago su 60 ana di historia.

“E otro dos mucha hombernan,
Manuel Geerman y Gabriel
Werleman. kendenan a cuminza
hunto cumi,”” Freddy a relata.
*tabata tin como nan trabao.
rema boto pa sefiores Wollson \
Gray. kendenan, como parti di un
estudio topografico, a bini Aruba
pa midi e prolundidad di e laman
banda di e haf di San Nicolas.
Ami, na edad di 14 afia, tabata
loke nan tabata yama un
“waterboy”. Mi tabata atendé ¢
representantenan petrolero,
sirbiendo nan awa pa nan bebe.”
Freddy a bisa.



Aunke ta mas cu 60 afia pasa.
Freddy ta parse di ta corda hopi
é6mber di hendenan. cual
barconan a ankra promé na Lago.
unda tur cos tabata situa. E ta
corda tambe exactamente cuanto ¢
tabata gana. ““Ami tabata e
persona cu e salario mas abao e
tempo ey. ganando NAFls. 0.25 pa
dia. Esaki tabata monta na NAF Is
1.50 pa siman. pasobra nos tabata
traha seis dia pa siman,” Freddy a
bisa cu un sonrisa, mientras e
tabata sigi conta. “algun otro
tabata wordo paga NAF ls. 1.00 pa
dia. Johan Eman tabata bin ariba
dia di pago pa paga nos na Ilorin.
“NAFils. 1.50 pa siman tabata
basta? gur cu si.” ela contesta.
Con tabata para cu transportacion
den e temponan ey? “Na principio
algun hende tabata cana bai
trabao. Otronan tabata uza burico
como nan medio di transportacion.
Nan tabata mara nan buriconan
na un mati kwihi pafor di e
porton, ora nan yega ariba dialuna



cos:









mainta, prepara cu specet ij. ——



60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE



means of transportation. They tied
. their donkeys at a ’kwihi” tree

outside the gate when they arrived

on Monday mornings equipped
L with seasonings, cornmeal, pots
and pans, for they didn’t leave fon
home again until at the end of the
workweek. Between those days,
they slept in hammocks or, later
on, in the barracks. In the
evenings, they went fishing close to
where the OMCC building is

now, fried it (fresh fish everyday

a >

and ate it together with the funchi
that they'd already prepared
That's how it was * reminisced

Freddy

In Freddy’s 40 years of service,
there were at least three very
pleasant events that still hold a
place in his memory. “I cannot
forget the big party that Captain
Rodger had at the White House
when the two big ships, named
Cerro Azul and Cerro Ebano,
entered the San Nicolas Bay.

Phere of food, drinks, and
people The 4th of July

celebrations were also memorable

as lots



Everyone was welcome
Fireworks were thrown on the

cean close to the PH-! area and
lots ol sports actavities were

organized, such as, baseball games

F and pologames on donkeys
But the most impressive

i ippening aid Freddy, *’were
he ‘dancing on ice’ shows in the
+0) Phe vere held behind the
Rainbow Bakery every night fon

two weeks. It was beautiful: the
most impressive happening I ever
experienced. I was there every

night



During his 40 years at
Freddy was a very active
employee. For a few years, he was
President of the Lago Employee
Council, an employee
representation organization. At
present, Freddy Dirksz still sings

} for the locally acclaimed ’’Vivons

en Chantant” group and for the
Sta. Teresita Church Choir. He

s also works full time for the School

di Arte in San Nicolas



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

eee

varin’y funchi, panchi y weya, ya
cu ta te fin di siman numa nan
tabata bai cas atrobe. Den e
dianan di siman nan tabata drumi
den hamaca of, mas despues, den e
yaracanan. Anochi nan tabata bai
yisca cerca di unda e edificio di
OMCC ta awor, hasa e pisca

pisca fresco tur dia), y comé
hunto cu e funchi cu ya nana
yrepara caba Ta ‘sina cos
tabata antes . ” Freddy a relata,
cordando pasado.

Yen Freddy su 40 afia di servicio,
tabata tin por lo menos tres evento





ylacentero cu ainda ta ocupa lugar
den su memoria. Mi no por
ubida e fiesta grandi cu Captain
Rodger a organiza na Casa Blanca
ora cu e dos barconan grandi,
yama Cerro Azul y Cerro Ebano,
a drenta e bayo di San Nicolas.
Tabata tin hopi cuminda, bebida,
y hende ..... * E celebracionnan di
4 di Juli tambe tabata memorable.
*Tur hende tabata bon-bini.
Klapchi y vuurpijl tabata wordo
tira ariba laman cerca di e area di
PH-1 y hopi actividadnan
deportivo tabata wordo organiza;
manera weganan di baseball y
weganan di polo ariba burico ..... 3
*Pero e suceso mas
impresionante,”’ Freddy a bisa,
“tabata e shownan di “baile ariba
ijs’ den ananan 40. Nan tabata
wordo teni tras di Rainbow Bakery
tur anochi pa dos siman largo. E
tabata bunita, e suceso mas
impresionante cu hamas mi a yega
di presencia. Mi tabata eynan tur
anochi.””

Durante su 40 afianan na Lago,
Freddy tabata un empleado hopi
activo. Pa varios afia e tabata
presidente di Lago Employee
Council, un organizacion
representante di empleadonan.
Actualmente, Freddy Dirksz ta
canta ainda pa e localmente
aclama grupo Vivons en Chantant
y pa e coro di misa Sta. Teresita.
Tambe e ta traha “fulltime” pa e
School di Arte na San Nicolas.











ll

Lord Boxoe ta
dedic& cantica
na Lago

~*GOD BLESS LAGO” (Dios
bendiciona Lago) ta e titulo die
calypso cu pensionista di Lago,
Yrad Illidge, mihor conoci como
Lord Boxoe, a graba ariba un
disco di 45 rpm na ocasion di
Lago su 60 aniversario.

“E calypso ta basa ariba mi
sentimientonan personal pa cu
Lago,” Lord Boxoe a bisa. "Lago
tabata significa tur cos pami. Mia
cuminza traha akinan como
mucha, tempo cu mi tabata tin
solamente 14 afia, y mia traha

1



"Twas nicknamed "Boxoe”’ by my parents
when I was a baby, because I was fat and
they happened to know a fat man with
that name,”" explained Yrad _Illidge.
When he first participated in the calypso
contest over 20 years ago, he called himself
’Lord’ Boxoe. Itis under that name that he
won 16 trophies over the years.

akinan practicamente henter mi
bida. Tur loke mi sé mi a sifia di
Lago.” E cancion a wordo scirbi
tambe como un homenahe na cada
empleado di Lago cu a contribui
na Lago su existencia pa sesenta
ana.

Lord Boxoe, kende a bai cu
pension dia | di Januari di e ana
aki despues di 38 afia di servicio,
ana pasa a bira Road March King
cu e famoso "GeGe’’. Den e 20
afianan cu ela participa den e
contestnan di carnaval, ela gana
un total di 16 titulo, sea como
Road March King of Calypso
King. Algun di su miho1
composicionnan manera "GeGe”

y “Meaty” a wordo graba ariba e
otro banda di e disco.
Acompanamiento musical tabata
den man di Triple *S”
empleado di Lago como miembro
di a banda: Sonny Hoo, Manager
y saxofonista; Casin Giel, pianista;
y Larry Hoo, trombonista.

cu tres









12

The beginnings

On August 14, 1924, the steamer
Brion arrived at Aruba with on
board Captain Robert Rodgers,
Captain William Clark, and J.
Oswald Boyd, who were looking
for a harbor where the crude oil
from Lake Maracaibo could be
transhipped for the Britsh
Equatorial Oil Company.



Captain Robert Rodger, a Scot by birth,
came to Aruba in 1924 looking for a
harbor suited for crude transshipment.
Mr. Rodger was referred to as "Mr. Lago”
for many years.

Lago Petroleum Corporation
bought up the British Equatorial
Oil Company and out of this arose
Lago Oil & ‘Transport Company,
Limited. For the time being, the
sole purpose of the Company was
the establishment of a
transshipping station.

In 1925, the British shares in Lago
passed into the hands of the Pan
American Petroleum Corporation:
and in July 1927, a group of
experts including Lloyd G. Smith,
arrived in Aruba to investigate
whether the transshipping station
could be converted into a refinery
to refine Venezuelan crude. Aruba
was favored above other places.

The First Barrels

January 29, 1929, is recorded as



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

the date the first barrel of crude
went through the stills. In the first
years of its existence, 22 million
dollars were invested on extension
projects. In the meantime, the
Standard concern, which was
interested in Aruba, had taken
over the whole industry from the
Pan American Corporation on
behalf of the Standard Oil
Company of Indiana. In 1932, the
industry passed into the possession
of the Standard Oil Company of
New Jersey. The Esso trademark
was formed by the letters S and O
of Standard Oil.

Expansion

Expansion continued, and in 1937
a start was made by cutting an
entrance through the reef on the
westside so that ships no longer
needed to run around in the
narrow harbor basin. The harbor’s
equipment was brought up to
date, and a hospital was built for

the amount of US$200.000.00. The

so called “Colony” came into
being. In 1937, Lago Heights.
consisting of 150 houses. became



the first “outside” settlement built
by Lago. This was soon followed
by Essoville, and in 1947,
*Lagoville” was built by a special
branch of Lago, the Home
Building Foundation.

The War Years

Lago and Aruba played a most
important role throughout the
Second World War, refining | out
of every 16 barrels of aircraft fuel
used by the allied forces. It was no
coincidence then that the first
torpedo fired in the Western
Hemisphere during the war, struck
the island of Aruba in February
1942. Several ships. anchored just
outside the San Nicolas harbour,
sunk and many lives were lost as a
result. During the war. Lago built
its single largest unit. the catalytic
cracking unit or PCAR. which
started operation in 1943 and was
closed down about thirty years
later.

Postwar Activities

When the refinery returned to
peacetime operations alter the wai
—>



60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE JE 5













ARUBA ESSO NEWS

60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

§

The tank above is recorded as "probably the first tank” built at Lago .....



of crude oil to Exxon refineries in
the U.S. Reefberth 2, the deeper

of the two reefberths, has accomo-
dated the largest vessel afloat,

the 560,000 ton Seawise Giant.

period, it saw tremendous activity
in maintenance and reconstruction
programs. The harbor was
reconstructed, a Main Shop
housing the carpenter, welding,
tinsmith, blacksmith, pipe
instrument, and electrical

i

Modernization,

Workforce Reduction
Major changes took place in the
refinery during the late fifties, with
a move toward fewer refining units
with greater capacity. A number
of the stills built in 1928 were
rebuilt and modernized and many
were torn down. New technology
became necessary as the
requirements of the users of
petroleum became more exacting,
Many factors contributed to the
reduction in the refinery’s
workforce during the fifties.
Competition increased through the
decade, principally through the
construction of new refineries and
expansion of existing ones in
nearly all of Lago’s marketing
areas. As the Aruban community
itself progressed to the point where
it could provide services which
formerly were nonexistent on the
island, and as the need for greater
efficiency and elimination of
nonessential activities became
obvious, Lago switched from a
completely selfsuflicient entity to
purchased or contracted services
when these became available. All

operations under one roof was
constructed, the hospital was
expanded, and a laundry and
foundry were built
With all the postwar activities,
Lago reached an all-time peak of
about 8,300 employees of which
about 800 were expatriates. The
) company needed a department
consisting of approximately 600
employees to manage maintenance
and repair of over 600 houses,
bachelor quarters, a hospital,
dining halls, clubs, commissaries,

; and the Lago Sport Park.

a

; The Harbor

: A shipyard, necessary for the

« repair and maintenance of the
Lake ‘Tanker fleet, operated from
1928 to the mid-fifties, when the

€ permanent opening to Lake

c Maracaibo was accomplished,

1 obviating the need for lake
tankers

c A succession of dredging projects
and dock « hanges kept pace with

r the trend toward larger tankers.

| Two oll-shore reefberths were built

( in connection with transshipment



I
q
]
Before Lago, the Aruba Phosphate Company built railroads on property that is now
leased by Lago, for the transport and shipment of phosphate.
. : Rae wy ape rertaay © erassruure sea90uTe







13

this brought about a constant
reduction of the workforce through
the years. From a peak of 8,300
employees in 1949, it went to
5,134 in 1960, 2,305 in 1965, 1,618
in 1977, and finally to less than
one thousand in January of 1984.

LVS/LSF

The Lago Vocational School,
which since 1935 had prepared
close to a thousand young men for
jobs with Lago by extending their
education, ceased operations in
1957. By that time, the
government-operated Aruba
Technical School was giving
vocational training. In March,
1957, the Lago Scholarship
Foundation was established to aid
Aruba students seeking higher
education in Holland and the
United States.



Automobile no. 124-A is recorded as
"probably the first one” to drive within
Lago boundaries.

Billions of Barrels
Since the Lago refinery started
operating on January 29, 1929, the
total barrels of crude refined has
surpased 6,500,000,000 (six and-a-
half billion). The first billionth
barrel was attained on March 15,
1945, the second billion on July 4,
1952, the third billion was reached
on February 9, 1959, the fourth
billion on January 19, 1965. On
October 14, 1971, Lago refined the
filth billion barrel of oil. The sixth
billion mark was reached on
February 15, 1979.



Information compiled by: Carlos Z.
de Cuba
Main Sourc Johan Hartog’s
“History of Aruba”







14

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE






E cuminzamento.....

Dia 14 di Augustus 1924, e bapor
Brion a yega Aruba cu na bordo
Capitan Robert Rodger, Capitan
William Clark y J. Oswald Boyd,
kendenan tabata busca un haf’
unda e azeta crudo di Lago di
Maracaibo por a wordo
transborda pa British Equatorial
Oil Company.

Lago Petroleum Corporation a
cumpra British Equatorial Oil
Company y for di esaki a lanta
Lago Oil & Transport C ‘ompany
Ltd. Pa un temporada, e unico
proposito di e compania tabata e
establecimiento di un parada pa
transbordacion.





January 29, 1929, is the date Lago ein

Na 1925, e acciénnan Britanico
den Lago a pasa pa man di Pan
American Petroleum Corporation
y na Juli 1927 un grupo di experto
incluyendo Lloyd G. Smith a yega
Aruba pa wak si e parada pa
transbordacion por ser converti den
un refineria pa refind crudo
Venezolano. Aruba a ser favorecé
ariba tur otro lugar.

E promeé barilnan

Januari 29, 1929, a wordo marca
como e fecha ariba cual e promé
baril di crudo a pasa den e “still”
nan. Den e promé ananan di
existencia di Lago, 22 million
dollar a wordo inverti den
proyectonan di extension. Mientras
tanto, e empresa Standard, cual
tabata interesa den Aruba, a tuma
over henter e industria di Pan
American Corporation na nomber



DEN TRANSCURSO DI ANA

di Standard Oil Company of

Indiana. Na 1932, e industria a
pasa pa posesion di Standard Oil
Company of New Jersey. E marca
comercial Esso a wordo forma pa e
letternan S y O di Standard Oil.

Expansion
Expansion a continua, y na 1937 a
cuminza corta un entrada den e ril
na e banda pabao (west) pa asina
e barconan no tabata tin mester di
bira rond den e comchi small di e
haf. E equipo di haf a wordo
moderniza y un hospital a wordo
construi pa e suma di $200.000. E
asina yama “colony” a cuminza
hana forma. Na 1937. Lago

refining crude .....

Heights. consistiendo di 150 cas a
bira e promé comunidad “ pator™
construi pa Lago. Poco tempo
despues Essoville a bin acerca y na
1947 Lagoville a wordo traha pa
un extension social di Lago, Home
Building Foundation.

E afanan di guera
Lago y Aruba a hunga un papel
hopi importante durante e segundo
guera mundial. refinando | di
cada 16 baril di combustible pa
avion cu tabata wordo uza pa e
forzanan aliado. No tabata
coincidencia ant6é cu e promé
torpedo cu a wordo lanza den e
hemislerio occidental durante e
guera, a aleanza e isla di Aruba na
Februari di 1924. Varios barco,
ancra net palor die haf di San
Nicolas, a sink y hopi bida a bai
perdi a consecuencia di esaki.





Mientras cu e guera tabata sigi,
Lago a construi su unidad singular
mas grandi, e Catalic Cracking
Unit of PCAR, cual a cuminza
opera na 1943 y a wordo saca lon
di servicio mas 0 menos trinta ana
despues.

Actividadnan despues di
guera
Ora cu e refineria a bai bek pa
operacionnan di tempo di paz. ela
mira un actividad tremendo di
programanan pa mantenimiento \
reconstruccion. E hat a wordo
reconstrui, un Main Shop. esta un
tayer princ ipal. unda e seccionnan
di car pinte ria,
“tinsmith”. hereria. tuberia y
“instrument electrical”
di un dak. a wordo construi. e
hospital a wordo expandé. y un
lavanderia y fundicion a wordo
construi.

“welding”

tabata bao

Cu tur e actividadnan despues di
guera. empleo na Lago a alcanza
un nivel maximo. cu no a wordo
iguala te dia di awe. di casi 8300
empleado, di cual mas of menos
800 empleado tabata expatriado. E

compania tabata tin mester di un
=

— del ne

During the War, Lago built its single
largest unit: The Catcracker or PCAR. It
was shutdown some thirty years later .....







60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE



departamento consistiendo di
aproximadamente 600 empleado,
pa por a logra mantené y drecha
mas cu 600 cas, apartamentonan
di soltero, un hospital,
comedornan grandi, clubnan,
comisarionan (pa haci compras). y
e Lago Sport Park.

E Haf

Un dok, necesario pa e reparacion
y mantenimiento di e “Lake
Tanker fleet’’, esta e flota di
tanquero di Lago, a opera di 1928
te na mitar di e afanan cincuenta,
despues cu e entrada permanente
pa Lago di Maracaibo a wordo
logra, eliminando e necesidad pa
tanqueronan di Lago.

Un sucesion di proyectonan pa
dragamento y cambionan na e dok
tabata mantené paso cu e
tendencia pa tanqueronan mas
grandi

Dos reefberth canti costa a wordo
construi en coneccion cu
transbordo di azeta crudo pa
refinerianan di Exxon na Estados
Unidos. Reefberth 2, esun mas
“reelberth”
acomoda e barco flotante di mas
erandi na mundo *Seawise Giant”
di 560.000 ton

hundo di e dos nan, a

Modernizacion,
reduccion di e forza
obreril

Cambionan grandi a tuma lugar
durante e ultimo ahanan di 1950,
z :
y cu un translormacion pa menos

Employees to and from work
and at the commissary

unidadnan di refinacion pero cu
capacidad mas grandi. Un
cantidad di e *’still” nan construi
na 1928 a wordo réconstrui y
moderniza, y hopi di nan a wordo
basha abao. Technologia nobo a
bira necesario segun e requisitonan
die uzadornan di petroleo tabata
bira mas exigente. Hopi factor a
contribui na e reduccion di e forza
obreril di e refineria durante e
aflanan cincuenta. Competencia a
aumenta durante henter e década,
principalmente a consequencia di e
construccion di refinerianan nobo
y expansion di esnan existente den
casi tur Lago su dreanan di venta.
Segun e comunidad Arubano mes
a progresa te na e punto na unda
cu e por a duna servicio cu antes
no tabata existi ariba e isla y
mientras cu e necesidad pa mas
eficiencia y eliminacion di
actividadnan no-esencial a bira
evidente, Lago e ora ey a cambia
di un entidad completamente
auto-suliciente pa un cu tabata
contrata servicionan ora cu
esakinan a bira disponible. Tur
esaki a trece cuné un reduccion
constante di e forza obreril
durante e ahanan. Di un punto
culminante di 8300 empleado na
1949, ela baha té 5134 na 1960,
2305 na 1965, 1618 na 1971 y
findlmente pa menos cu mil na

Januari di 1984.







LVS/LSF

E Lago Vocational School, cual
desde 1935 a prepara cerca di mil
jovennan pa trabaonan cu Lago
door di extende nan educacion, a
suspendé su operacion na 1957. Pa
e tempo ey, e school téenico di
Aruba, funda pa gobierno, tabata
duna entrenamiento pa ofishinan.
Na Maart 1957, e Lago
Scholarship Foundation a wordo
estableci pa yuda studiantenan
Arubano cu kier sigi cu estudio
universitario na Hulanda y
Estados Unidos.

Billiones di baril
Desde cu Lago su refineria a
cuminza su operacion dia 29 di
Januari 1929, e total di barilnan di

The Lago Vocational School included
classes in fundamental English as can be
seen on the picture. Almost 1000 young
men attended the school, many of whom
are still with us today.

crudo refina a surpasa
6.500.000.000 (seis billion y mei).
E prome billion a wordo alcanza
dia 15 di Maart 1945, e di dos
billion dia 4 di Juli 1952, e di tres
billion a wordo logra dia 9 di
Februari 1959 y e di cuatro billion
dia 19 di Januari 1965. Dia 14 di
October 1971, Lago a refina e di
cinco billion baril di azeta. E
cantidad di seis billion a wordo
alcanza dia 15 di Februari 1979.

Informacion compila pa Carlos Z. de
Cuba

Fuente principal: “History of
Aruba” di Johan Hartog









Full Text



a

The ARUBA ESSO NEWS is published for all
Lago employees. Please contact the Editor for

permission to reprint or reproduce any portion of

this magazine.

ARUBA ESSO NEWS 60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE 84

Editor: Mrs. Myrna Jansen-Feliciano
Translation into Papiamento by: Mr. G. W. Bosse
Photographs by: Joe’s Photographic Service
Printer: Verenigde Antilliaanse Drukkerijen N.V.
VOLUME 46 - NO. 8







Wwe

through thes







Sixty years ago, when Aruba was
still an island of few resources and
employment, our Company began
to operate as a transshipping
terminal, first in the Oranjestad
harbour and later in the San
Nicolas port. Soon alter that, the
Lago Oil & Transport Company --
officially established as a
Corporation in Ottawa, Canada
on August 12, 1924 -- started its
journey into the world of oil
business by refining its first few
barrels of Venezuelan crude in
1929. That marked the beginning
of a period of growth, a history of
achievement, a lifetime of
development for Lago and Aruba.
We are all familiar with the
development of Lago over the last
60 years. Lago became one of the
largest, safest, and most modern
refineries in the world. Several
million dollars were spent
expanding the refinery
modernizing its facilities and
training its personnel. Our
Company has played a key role in
the development of the island

and its community and has become
one of the major pillars of the
Aruban economy.

In the last few years, Lago has
continued to invest large sums of
money to modernize its facilities
and maintain its competitive
position. Since 1979, over 125
million dollars capital investment
have been made to improve
product yields, reduce fuel
consumption, improve salety and
reliability. The Refinery spent 30
million dollars alone to install two
new computer-controlled high
efficiency boilers that replace six
old units. A 15 million dollar
project has recently been
completed to recover butane from
the refinery gas system and
upgrade this to LPG for export. In
addition, expenditures of 270
million dollars have been incurred
in the last few years to upgrade





maintenance standards, equipment
reliability, and housekeeping.





Lago has always responded very
rapidly to the changing business
environment, relying on
.competent, skillfull and loyal
employees - 95% of whom are
Antilleans. This ability to handle

changes has recently been put to |



the test, prompted by the cutback
in crude supplies from 300 to 180
KBD and the increase in crude
pricing which ocurred last
December.

Lago has reacted very ellectively
to this new difficult situation, by
streamlining its operations and
adjusting its organization
accordingly. The workforce has
been reduced by 30% in an orderly
manner. With the cooperation
from all our employees and Union
representatives. we have been able
to implement significant changes
in a very short period of time
without impairing safety and
reliability. We now have a leaner.
more efficient organization. By
minimizing our costs and
improving our competitiveness. we
are in a better position to face the
challenges ahead.

Regarding our future, I can
reassure you that we are sparing
no efforts to seek a satisfactory



President Antonio Cavallaro

long term supply arrangement |
with oul crude supplic rs to ensure
the viability of our operation and
to continue to contribute to the
prosperity of our employees and
the Aruban community

I would like to take the
opportunity of Lago’s 60th
anniversary celebration to extend
to all its present and past
employees. our most sincere
gratitude for the excellent work
performed through these years



and a most cordial wish for many
more Vvears ol mutual commitment





negoshi di azeta door di retina su |
prome poco barilnan di crudo

Sesenta afia pasa. tempo cu Aruba
tabata ainda un isla cu poco

(
recurso y empleo, nos Compania a Venezolano na 1929. Esey a marca | |
cuminza opera como un terminal e comienzo di un periodo di I
di transbordacion, promé den hat crecemento, un historia di logro. \
di Oranjestad y despues den e hat un curso di bida di desarovo pa €
di San Nicolas. Poco tempo Lago vy Aruba (
despues di esey, Lago Oil & Nos tur ta na haltura di ¢ I
Transport Company -- desarovo di Lago durante e ultimo ft
olicialmente estableci como un 60 ananan. Lago a bira un di ¢ h
corporacion na Ottawa, Canada, refinerianan di mas grandi, mas ul
dia 12 di Augustus 1924 -- a sigur y mas moderno di mundo i,

cuminza su viahe den e mundo di Varios million dollar a wordo —»


60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

ARUBA ESSO NEWS



gasta na expandé e refineria,
moderniza e facilidadnan,
entrenad su personal. Compania a
hunga un papel clave den e
desaroyo di e isla y e comunidad

a bira un di e pilarnan principal
di e economia Arubano.
Den e ultimo ananan aki,
sigi inverti sumanan grandi di
placa pa moderniza su

Lagoa

facilidadnan y mantené su posicion
competidor. Desde 1979, mas cu
125 million dollar na capital a
wordo inverti pa mehora e
rendimiento di producto, reduci
consumo di combustible, mehora
seguridad y confiabilidad.
refineria a gasta 30 million dollar
s6 pa instala dos boiler nobo di
rendimiento halto y controla pa
computador, pa reemplaza e seis
unidadnan bieuw. Un projecto di
15 million dollar a bini cla
recientemente pa recobra butano
for die sistema di gas di refineria,
pa e wordo mehora y converti den
LPG pa exportacion. Fuera di
esey, gastonan montando na 270
million dollar a wordo haci den e
ultimo afianan aki pa mehora
normanan di mantenimiento,



confiabilidad di equipo, y maneho
domestico.

Lago semper a respondé hopi lihet
mbionan den e ambiente
comercial, dependiendo ariba un
forza obreril competente, habil y
leal, di cual 95% ta Antilliano.
Recientemente abilidad di trata cu
cambionan, a wordo someti na un
prueba, causa door di e reduccion
den e suministracion di crudo di
300 pa 180 mil baril pa dia y e
aumento den e preis di crudo na
December ultimo.

Lago a reacciona hopi efectivo
ariba e situacion nobo y dificil aki,
haciendo su operacionnan facil y
suave, y ahustando e organizacion
conlorme e situacion. Nos forza
obreril a wordo reduci cu 30% na
un manera ordena. Cu e
cooperacion di tur nos empleado y
representantenan di sindicato,
gerencia por a implementa
cambionan hopi significativo den
un periodo hopi cortico sin



naec





perhudica seguridad y
confiabilidad. Nos tin awor un
structura di organizacion cu ta
menos denso y mas eficiente.
Reduciendo nos gastonan y



mehorando nos base pa

competenc ia, nos ta den un mihor
posicion pa enfrenta e retonan
actual.

Tocante nos futuro, mi kier
reasegura boso tur cu nos no ta
vasila pa haci tur esfuerzo pa trata
na logra un areglo satislactorio pa
un suministracion ariba un

termino largo cu e
suministradornan di crudo pa
sigura e viabilidad di nos
operacion y continua cu nos
contribucion na e prosperidad di
nos empleadonan y e comunidad
Arubano.

Mi kier tume a oportunidad di
Lago su celebracion di 60 aha pa
extende na tur e empleadonan
actual y di pasado, nos mas sincero
gratitud pa e trabao excelente cu a
ser haci durante e afanan aki .
y un deseo masha cordial pa hopi
mas ana di compromiso mutuo .....







Esso News cover drawn by
Giolina Henriquez, a local

professional artist.







lifetime .....
Those sixty years were not always

Sixty years

prosperous years. Just as in any
person’s life the Company had its
ups and downs, its moments olf
glory and times of uncertainty. But
sixty years by itself is an ;
accomplishment. For any company
to have existed for 60 years, many
things must have been functioning
right

One of those factors, and also the
greatest asset a company can hav os
is its work force. Lago employees
were always known to be
hardworking, dedicated and loyal,
able to meet challenges as they.
came along. And that is part, aside
from sound management, of what
contributed to Lago’s 60-year
history ac hievements. :

Besides a steady take-home pay,
what untangible values do j
employees attribute to their
employer? For some employees,
Lago may be just a place to work
to earn a living. For many others,
however, Lago means a little more
than that: a place to grow
professionally, an opportunity to



lull.

meet challenges, a chance to prove
one’s capabilities
Some employees, w ith different
backgrounds, education, and years
of service, were asked to give their
personal views on what they value
most in their jobs. Here are the
answers:

e On August 12, 1984, the same
date that Lago completed its 60th
anniversary, Hubert Dirks, better
known as *’ Mofli’’, commemorated
his 10th year of service. Moffi is at
present an Advance I
Instrumentman in the
Instruments/Electrical Section of
the Operations Department. An
avid sports player, he organizes
many sports activities for his
section. "You need recreation,” he
especially if you work hard.
The tournaments we organize for
Lago employees creates a good
atmosphere between the
employees.” How about work

‘Lago i Is a compe titive company,
so you have to demonstrate that
you can do the job. In our section
there is a lot of competition;

everybody has to keep up to date
—_





says, ”





A PLACE
TO GROW





TTL)

i

Any ambitions? To reach as far as I can
."' said Moffi, an Advance I Instrument-
man in the Instruments / Electrical Section

of the Operations Department.


with the new technology and that
is very demanding. I think my job
is challe nging, because often I
have to repair new equipment

without getting specific training for

it, and, when problems arise, I
have to troubleshoot until I can
solve the problems ..... * Any
ambitions? o reach as far as I
can,” said Mofli, “although, a lot
depends on the opportunities that
will come my way .....



e A graduated marine
engineer, Randolph Peterson, had
worked as such for 7-1/2 years for
Shell, ashore and on board of
ships. For the last 6-1/2 years he
held a job as Coordinator Ship
Manager and Purchasing Manager
for the Dok Maatschappij in
Curacao. With those 14 years of
experience behind him, he was
employed by Lago as Group Head
of the Storehouse Materials
Operation in October of °83. “I
personally believe it was
advantageous for me to have
started my career at Lago in this
section, and, at that time, because
I was able to use my experience to
introduce and implement many
changes,” commented Randolph.
He explained: "Due to the 38%
manpower reduction in our
section, reorganization had to take
place, things had to be changed,
corrected, and employees had to
be trained to take each other’s job.



And all that had to be
accomplished while we were
working towards a more
acceptable level of service.”

In the short time he has been with
the Company, what are
Randolph’s experiences so far?
“One of the things I appreciate is
that I had the opportunity to
attend good training programs
here,” he said, “such as the
Compensation, Transition, and
First Line Supervisory workshops.
Another type of training that I
consider to be very important, and
wish to promote for our section, is
on-the-job training. Teaching
people why certain things should
be done creates in them more
interest for their work, which in
turn encourages them to produce
more in quality and quantity.”



*Furthermore, from my own
experience, I can say that those in
a higher position than you value
your input. I have personally not
yet experienced that my boss asks
me a question and then just files
the answer. I feel that my opinion
is valued and to me that is how
your superior expresses that he



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

values your expertise, because that
is how I deal with my subordinates
also.”

Having worked at two other large
companies prior to joining Lago,

in what aspect does Lago stand
out the most to Randolph? The
fact that Lago is a production
oriented organization,” he said.
“In many other organizations” he
explained, “two persons employed
in the same position on the same
date have to start with and
continue with the same salary for
as long as they perform the same
work. I don’t believe in that
system. Here, at Lago, your
opportunities for advancement and
your growth in income are
determined by your performance.
And I think that is the best system.
Some people say that money is a
demotivator, but I don’t believe it



e In 1947, Anselmo Semeleer
enrolled in the Lago Vocational
School as an apprentice. As he was
reminiscing about those days, he
indicated that attending that
school was one of the most
significant events in all his years of
employment with Lago. “It is
through the Lago Vocational
School that I became a first class
carpenter.” he said.

One of the pleasant experiences
that stands out the most in his 37
years with Lago were his 16 years
as master of “driving piles.” “I am
the only person still at Lago who
has witnessed how piles were
driven into the sea bottom when
Reetberth 1 was built.”
commented Anselmo. “In that job.
I have worked together with
geologists, performing dredging
work, checking sea movements.
and pile driving. It was hard
work.”

In the 1970°s. however, Lago sold
the pile driver, and Anselmo then
moved to the Process - Fuels
Division. On January Ist of this
year, he became a permanent
operator.

Anselmo is an active member of
the Independent Oil Workers
Union of Aruba having served as
board member, shop steward, and
Union President trom 1978 to

1982.



e I want to broaden my
horizon, learn more, teach others
what I've learned, and
subsequently establish a more
productive workplace,” said
Barbara Lee, a Systems Analyst in
the Mathematics, Computers and
Systems Division of the



60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

Administrative Department.
Barbara, who has had some prior
experience in ae
applications in the United States,
joined Lago in October of 1982.
At the start of her career here, she
was assigned to maintain the
personnel system. After a while,
she became the main Systems
Analyst of the Hewlett Packard
3000 computer system.

‘The Hewlett Packard project was
a big che alle nge for me,
Barbara,
learning a totally new compute1
system and application. In
addition, the HP is a real-time on-
line system. This means that any
processed transaction will take

* said
‘because it meant

’... Lago has stimulated my professional
growth,” said Barbara Lee, Systems Ana-
lyst in the Administrative Department

place immediately. Management is
looking into more on-line systems
One of my future
challenges is also to be
with the imple mentation of those
systems.”

Another detail that Barbara values
in her job at Lago is the fact that
she has had the opportunity to
attend many courses here and
abroad. “This has enhanced the
development of my career and has
created elliciences in my work.”

for Lago.
involved

she commented. “I can certainly
say that Lago has stimulated my
professional growth.”

e C. Victor Hunt, at present a
Contact Engineer in the
Operations Support Division, has
been at Lago tor five vears alte
eraduating with a Masters degree
in Chemical engineering from the
University of Twente in Holland.
At Lago he has also worked in
and Business
Fresh
=

Process Design
Planning & Coordination.



4
60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

out of University, what were Vic’s
ereatest challenges? ’*The biggest
challenge I had when I started
with Lago,” he said, “was to
develop my interpersonal
communications skills, versus my
technical/ intellectual skills,
because I have found that using
these interpersonal, organizational
skills are necessary in order to be
able to function in any
organization. As a matter of fact, I
believe that getting things done in
a big organization such as Lago,
where you have different forces
acting in different directions, is the
most valuable skill a professional

can have here.”

How about challenges in the
technical field? Vic feels that the
complexity of the refinery itself is a
challenge. "When you work in a
refinery where everything has to
be done in harmony (because all
the units are interconnected), he
said, you have to gain knowledge

. henter un bida

E sesenta afianan ey no tur ora
tabata afanan prospero. Manera
den bida di cualquier persona, e
Compania tabata tin su témponan
bon y malo, su temponan di gloria
y di inseguridad. Pero sesenta afia
riba su més ta un logro caba. Pa
Cue alquie I compania a eXxisti 60
ania, hopi cos mester tabata
funciona bon
Un die tambe e
elemento di éxito di mas grandi cu
un compania por tin, ta su forza
obreril. Empleadonan di Lago
semper tabata conoci pa ta traha
duro, pa ta dedica y leal,
competente pa entrenta retonan
segun nan tabata presenta nan
mes. Y esey ta parti, ademas di un
maneho sano, di loke a contribui
na e légronan di Lago den su
historia di 60 ania.
Fuera di un salario fiho pa nan
hiba cas, kiko ta e balornan
intangible cu empleadonan ta
atribui na nan dofio di trabao?
Pa algun empleado e ta sdlamente
un lugar pa nan traha y gana
nan pan. Pa hopi otronan, sin-
embargo Lago ta significa un poco
mas Cu esey un lugar pa crece
profesiondlmente, un oportunidad
pa enfrenta retonan, un chens pa

Sesenta aha

factornan, y





ARUBA ESSO NEWS

a 3

The biggest challenge I had when I star-
ted with Lago ... was to develop my inter-

personal communications skills, ...” said
Vic Hunt, Contact Engineer in the Opera-
tions Support Division of the Technical
Department.

le

proba nan capacidadnan

Algun empleado, cu
antecedéntenan, educacion, y
afianan di servicio distinto, a
wordo puntra pa duna nan
opinionnan personal ariba loke
nan ta valora mas den nan trabao.
Ata e contestanan aki:

e Dia 12 di Augustus, 1984,
mesun fecha cu Lago ta completa
su di 60 aniversario, Hubert Dirks,
mihor conoci como * Moffi’, a
conmemora su di 10 afia di
servicio. Actualmente Moffi ta un
Advance I Instrumentman den e
Instruments/Electrical Section di
Operations Department. Un
deportista ansioso, e ta organiza
hopi actividadnan deportivo pa su
seccion. ’’Bo tin mester di
recreacion,”’ e ta bisa,
“especialmente si bo ta traha duro.
E torneonan cu nos ta organiza pa
empleadonan di Lago ta crea un
bon ambiente entre ¢
empleddonan.”’ Con bo ta hafia e
trabao? Lago ta un compania
competidor, pesei bo mester
demonstra cu bo por haci e
trabao. Den nos seccion tin hopi
competencia; tur hende meste1
keda “up-to-date” cu e tecnologia
nobo y esey ta hopi exigente. Mi





about all the units, and that
enriches your technical
knowledge.” The fact that Lago is
a 60-year old refinery with some
old equipment is not discouraging
to Vic. On the contrary,” he
said, “it is a challenge to do a
good job so you can keep it going
for another 60 years. And besides,
because Lago is old, there are a lot
of highly experienced people
around. Working with them is
valuable for the development of a
new engineer.”

In conclusion, Vie said that every
day of work is a challenge for him.

”You just have to keep on
perfecting yourself,” he said, and
if things aren’t going too well, it’s
a big challenge to try to make’em
better.”

UN LUGAR
PA CRECE

ta hafia cu mi trabao ta retador,
pasobra hopi biaha mi mester
drecha equipo nobo sin hafia
entrenamiento specifico pe; y, ora
cu surgi problema, mi mester
“troubleshoot” te ora cu mi
resolvé e problemanan

Bo tin ambicionnan? ’’Pa yega te
unda mi por,” Moffi a bisa,
*aunke, hopi ta dependé di e
oportunidadnan cu lo bini mi
caminda .

e Un ingeniero naval gradua,
Randolph Peterson, a traha como
tal pa 7-1/2 afia pa Shell, na tera
y na bordo di barconan. Pa e
ultimo 6-1/2 afia su trabao tabata
Coordinator Ship Manager y
Purchasing Manager na Dok
Maatschappij na Curacao. Cu 14
afia di experiencia su tras, ela
wordo emplea pa Lago como
Group Head di Storehouse
Materials Operation na October di
; ‘Ami personalmente ta kere
cu tabata ventahoso pami pa a
cuminza mi carera na Lago den e
seccion aki, y, na e tempo ey,

pasobra mi tabata por a uza mi
—




experiencia pa introduci y
implementa hopi cambionan,”
Randolph a comenta. Ela splica:
Pa motibo cu e personal den nos
seccion a wordo reduci cu 38%,
reorganizacion mester a tuma
lugar, cosnan mester a wordo
cambia, corehi, y empleadonan
mester a wordo entrend pa tuma
trabaonan di otro. Y tur esey a
wordo logra mientras cu nos
tabata traha pa yega na un nivel
di servicio mas acceptable.”

Den e corto tempo cu e€ tin cue



"I feel that my opinion is valued ...,”’ said
Randolph Peterson, Group Head of the
Storehouse Materials Operation,
Administrative Department.

Compania, kiko Randolph su
experiencianan ta te awor? Un di
e cosnan cu mi ta aprecia ta cu mi
tabata tin e oportunidad pa asisti
na bon programanan di
entrenamiento akinan,” ela bisa,
“manera e “workshop” nan di
Compensation, Transition y First
Line Supervisor. Un otro tipo di
entrenamiento cu ami ta considera
di ta hopi importante, y cu mi kier
promove pa nos seccion, ta
entrenamiento na trabao. Sifando
hendenan pakiko cierto cosnan
mester wordo haci, ta crea den
nan mas interes pa nan trabao,
loke na su turno ta encurashé nan
pa produci mas den calidad y
cantidad.”
*Mas ainda, di propio experiencia,
mi por bisa cu esnan den un
- posicion mas halto cubo ta aprecia
bo punto di bista. Ami
personalmente noa experiencia
ainda cu mi hele ta puntrami algo
y simplemente no ta haci caso di
mi contesta. Mi ta sinti cu mi
opinion ta valioso y pa mi esey ta
e manera cu bo hele ta expresa cu
e ta valora bo abilidadnan,



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

pasobra ta asina ami ta trata cu
esnan cu ta traha bao di mi
tambe.”

Despues di a traha anteriormente
pa dos otro companianan grandi,
promé cu ela drenta servicio di
Lago, den ki aspecto Lago ta
resalta mas pa Randolph? "E
hecho cu Lago ta un organizacion
orienta ariba produccion,” ela
bisa. Den hopi otro
organizacion,”’ ela splica, dos
hende cu wordo emplea den e
mesun posicion ariba e mesun
fecha mester cuminza y sigi cu e
mesun salario tanten cu nan haci e
mesun trabao. Ami no ta kere den
e sistema ey. Aki na Lago, bo
oportunidadnan pa avanza y e
aumento den bo salario ta wordo
determina a base di e trabao cu bo
ta ehecuta. Y ami ta pensa cu esey
ta e mihor sistema. Algun hende ta
bisa cu placa ta un désmotivador,
pero ami no ta kere cue ta .....”





60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE j_

e Na 1947, Anselmo Semeleer a
inscribi na Lago Vocational School
como un ’’apprentice’’.
Recordando e dianan ey, ela

indica cu siguiendo cursonan na e

skol ey tabata un di e evéntonan

mas significativo den tur su

ananan di empleo cu Lago. Ta e
Lago Vocational School a haci cu

mi a bira un carpinté di primera
clase,” ela bisa.

Un die experiencianan placentero x
cu ta resalta mas den su 37

ananan cu Lago tabata su 16

afianan como "master of driving
piles’. *’Ami ta e unico persona te
ainda na Lago cua presencia con -
e stacanan tabata wordo claba den

e fondo di laman ora cu Reetberth

1 a wordo construi,”’ Anselmo a
comenta. Den e trabao ey mia
traha hunto cu gedlogonan,
ehecutando trabaonan di |
dragamento, averiguando {
movimiento di laman, y claba


60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE



staca. E tabata un trabao duro.”
Den e ananan 1970, sinembargo,
Lago a bende e “pile driver’, esta
e machin pa claba staca, y
Anselmo a translada pa Process -
Fuels Division. Dia promé di
Januari di e afia aki, ela bira un
operador permanente

Anselmo ta un miembro activo di
e Independent Oil Workers Union
di Aruba y a ocupa e puesto di
miembro di directiva, shop
steward, y presidente di 1978 pa

1982

e ’Mi kier amplia mi
horizonte, sifia mas, instrui
6tronan loke ami a sina, y
subsequentemente crea un lugar di
trabao mas productivo,” Barbara
Lee, un Systems Analyst den e
Mathematics Computers and
Systems Division di Administrative

Department, a bisa

Barbara, kende tabata tin algun
experiencia anterior den
aplicacionnan di computador na
Estados Unidos, a drenta den
servicio di Lago na October di
1982. Na principio di su carera
ikinan, ela wordo encarga cu
mantenimiento di e sistema di

personal. Algun tempo despues, ela
yira e Systems Analyst principal di
tema di computador Hewlett
Packard 3000
E projecto di Hewlett Packard
ta un reto grandi pami,”’

Barba 1 bi pasobra e tabata
ensera Cu mi mester a sifa un
aplicacion y sistema di

ymputador totalmente nobo.
\demas, e HP ta un “real-time

on-line system”. Esaki kiermen cu
cualquier transaccion cu wordo
procesa lo tuma lugai
inmediatamente. Gerencia ta
studiando e posibilidad pa Lago
hana mas di e “on-line system”
nan aki. Un di mi rétonan pa
futuro ta pa ta envolvi tambe cu ¢€
implementacion di e sistemanan

‘

Un otro detaye cu Barbara ta
aprecia den su trabao na Lago ta e
hecho cu e tabata tin e
oportunidad pa asisti na hopi
curso akinan y den exterior.

Esaki a yuda contribui na «
desaroyo di mi carera y a crea
eficiéncianan den mi trabao,” ela
comenta. Mi por bisa
seguramente cu Lago a stimula mi
crecemento profesional.”

e C. Victor Hunt, actualmente
un Contact Engineer den

Operations Support Division, tin 5
ana ta traha na Lago despues dia
gradua cu un grado di Master”


















ARUBA ESSO NEWS

den ingenieria quimica den e
Universidad di Twente na
Hulanda. Na Lago ela traha
tambe den Process Design y
Business Planning & Coordination
Como graduado recién, kiko
tabata Vic su rétonan mas grandi?
“E reto mas grandi pami ora mi a
cuminza na Lago,” ela bisa,
“tabata pa desaroya mi abilidad
pa comunicacion interpersonal,
contra mi abilidad

tecnico/ intelectual, pasobra mi a
descubri cu e uzo di e abilidadnan
interpersonal/ organizacional ta
necesario pa por funciona den
cualquier 01 ganizacion. En
realidad, mi ta kere cu pa logra
realizacion di e trabaonan den un
organizacion grandi manera Lago,
unda cu bo tin f6rzanan distinto
actuando den diferente direccion,
ta e abilidad di mas valioso cu un
profesional por tin akinan.”

Kiko ta e rétonan ariba tereno

processed:









side ..... 11 barrels high .....
layer of 5-1/2 meters high .....

consumption statistics).

Impressive? You bet!

barrels.



procesa:

poblacion di Estados Unidos .....
na 1981).



6.5 Billion Barrels of Oil

Up to August 12, 1984, Lago Oil & Transport Company, Ltd. has

6.5 BILLION BARRELS OF PETROLEUM.

How much, really, is 6.5 billion barrels of oil?
Here are different ways of looking at it:
® 6.5 BB of oil cover the entire island of Aruba, with stacks placed side by

© 6.5 BB of oil cover the island in its totality ..... 1,800 times .....
© 6.5 BB of oil cover the complete surface of the island ..... with an oil

© 6.5 BB of oil would satisfy the energy demand of the entire population
of the United States ..... for one year ..... (according to 1981 U.S.

Congratulations for your contribution to these

‘Credits to Paul Arends. Technical-OSD. tor giving meaning to the 6.5 BB

6.5 Billion Baril di Azeta

Te cu dia 12 di Augustus 1984, Lago Oil & Transport Company, Ltd. a

6.5 BILLION BARIL DI PETROLEO.

Cuanto 6.5 billion baril di azeta ta realmente?

Aki tin diferente manera di miré:

© 6.5 billion baril di azeta ta cubri henter e isla di Aruba, cu barilnan poni
den filanan banda di otro ..... cu un haltura di 11 baril ariba otro ..
® 6.5 billion baril diazeta ta cubrie isla densu totalidad..... 1800 biaha.....
® 6.5 billion baril di azeta ta cubri henter e superficie die isla ..... cu un
capa di azeta di 5-1/2 meter di haltura .....

® 6.5 billion baril di azeta lo satifacé e demanda pa energia di henter e
pa un afia .....(segun e consumo diE.U.

Impresionante? Sigur cu si!
Pabien pa bo contribucion na e barilnan aki.





técnico? Vic ta sinti cu e
complexidad di e refineria més ta
un reto. Ora cu bo traha den un
refineria unda tur cos mester
wordo haci den harmonia (pasobra
tur e unidadnan ta interconecta),””
ela bisa, bo tin di hafa mas
conocimiento técnico.”” E hecho cu
Lago ta un relineria di 60 ana
bieuw cu algun equipo bieuw, no
ta descurasha Vic. Al contrario,”
ela bisa, “ta un reto pa haci un
bon trabao pa asina bo por tené
den operacion pa un otro 60 ana
mas. Y ademas, pasobra cu Lago
ta bieuw, tin un cantidad di hende
sumamente experiencia akinan,
Trahando cu nan ta valioso pa e

desaroyo di un ingeniero nobo.”
Concluyendo, Vic a bisa cu cada
dia di trabao ta un reto pe. Bo
mester continua cu perfecciona bo
mes.” ela bisa, “y si cosnan no ta
bayendo mucho bon, ta un reto
grandi pa purba di mehora nan.”












































ARUBA ESSO NEWS 60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE ‘










60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

ARUBA ESSO NEWS





Lord Boxoe
dedicates song
to Lago

"GOD BLESS LAGO” is the title
of the calypso that Lago
Annuitant, Yrad Illidge, better
known as Lord Boxoe, recorded on
a 45 rpm record on the occasion of
Lago’s 60th anniversary.

*That calypso is based on my
personal feelings toward Lago,”
said Lord Boxoe. "Lago meant
everything to me. I started to work
here as a kid, when I was only 14
years old, and I worked here
practically all my life. Everything
I know I got from Lago.” That
song was also written as a tribute
to every Lago employee who has
contributed to Lago’s existence for
sixty years.

Lord Boxoe presented his record "GOD
BLESS LAGO” to Lago’s President,
Antonio Cavallaro, on the occasion of
Lago’s 60th anniversary.

Lord Boxoe. who went on pension
on January | of this vear after 38
years of service, last year became
Road March King with the
famous “GeGe.” In the 20 vears
that he has participated in the
carnival contests. he has won a
total of 16 titles. either as Road
March King or Calypso King.
Some of his best carnival
compositions such as “Ge-Ge™ and
“Meaty” were recorded on the
other side of the record. Music
accompaniment was provided by
Triple “S” with three Lago
employees as band members:
Sonny Hoo, Manager and
saxophone player: Casin Giel.
pianist: and Larry Hoo, trombone
player.




10

reminisces

about
the past

Suill an energetic and active
member of the community, Freddy
Dirksz is the only Lago annuitant
alive today who started working in
1924, at the beginning of Lago’s
now 60-year history.

*The other two boys, Manuel
Geerman and Gabriel Werleman,
who started together with me,”
related Freddy, “had as their job
to row boats for Messrs. Wolfson
and Gray who, as part of a survey,
came to Aruba to measure the
depth of the ocean by the San
Nicolas harbor. At 14 years of age,
I was what they called a
*waterboy’. I would go around
serving water for the oil
representatives to drink,” said
Freddy.

Eventhough that was 60 years ago,
Freddy seems to remember may
things: names of people, which
ships anchored first at Lago and
where everything was located. He
also remembered exactly how
much he earned. “I was the person
with the lowest salary at that time,



Our Company is know!
loyal employees. Not st
workforce have over





tel TI - | ae
and 119 of those have
ze
Some, even have 40 ve
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ir he
Ki Ol l 1



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LEKK ERK EE EK



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

FREDDY
DIRKSZ



Freddy Dirksz... the only annuitant alive,
who has eyewitnessed the very beginning
of Lago’s 60-year history, recalls some
pleasant memories of the times ...

earning NAFIs. 0.25 per day. That
came out to NAFIs. 1.50 per week,
because we had a six-day work
week,” said Freddy with a smile.
as he continued, “some others
were paid NAFIs. 1.00 per day.
Johan Eman would come on pay
day to pay us in florins.” Was
NAFls. 1.50 per week enough?
Sure,” he said.

What about transportation in
those days? “In the early
beginnings, some people walked to
work. Others used donkeys as their



ea



Z\
A)
> SSSSSSp7



60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

eapiando
di
pasado

Ainda un miembro enérgico \
activo di e comunidad, Freddy
Dirksz ta e tinico pensionista di
Lago na bida awe. cu a cuminza
traha na 1924, na principio di
Lago su 60 ana di historia.

“E otro dos mucha hombernan,
Manuel Geerman y Gabriel
Werleman. kendenan a cuminza
hunto cumi,”” Freddy a relata.
*tabata tin como nan trabao.
rema boto pa sefiores Wollson \
Gray. kendenan, como parti di un
estudio topografico, a bini Aruba
pa midi e prolundidad di e laman
banda di e haf di San Nicolas.
Ami, na edad di 14 afia, tabata
loke nan tabata yama un
“waterboy”. Mi tabata atendé ¢
representantenan petrolero,
sirbiendo nan awa pa nan bebe.”
Freddy a bisa.



Aunke ta mas cu 60 afia pasa.
Freddy ta parse di ta corda hopi
é6mber di hendenan. cual
barconan a ankra promé na Lago.
unda tur cos tabata situa. E ta
corda tambe exactamente cuanto ¢
tabata gana. ““Ami tabata e
persona cu e salario mas abao e
tempo ey. ganando NAFls. 0.25 pa
dia. Esaki tabata monta na NAF Is
1.50 pa siman. pasobra nos tabata
traha seis dia pa siman,” Freddy a
bisa cu un sonrisa, mientras e
tabata sigi conta. “algun otro
tabata wordo paga NAF ls. 1.00 pa
dia. Johan Eman tabata bin ariba
dia di pago pa paga nos na Ilorin.
“NAFils. 1.50 pa siman tabata
basta? gur cu si.” ela contesta.
Con tabata para cu transportacion
den e temponan ey? “Na principio
algun hende tabata cana bai
trabao. Otronan tabata uza burico
como nan medio di transportacion.
Nan tabata mara nan buriconan
na un mati kwihi pafor di e
porton, ora nan yega ariba dialuna



cos:









mainta, prepara cu specet ij. ——
60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE



means of transportation. They tied
. their donkeys at a ’kwihi” tree

outside the gate when they arrived

on Monday mornings equipped
L with seasonings, cornmeal, pots
and pans, for they didn’t leave fon
home again until at the end of the
workweek. Between those days,
they slept in hammocks or, later
on, in the barracks. In the
evenings, they went fishing close to
where the OMCC building is

now, fried it (fresh fish everyday

a >

and ate it together with the funchi
that they'd already prepared
That's how it was * reminisced

Freddy

In Freddy’s 40 years of service,
there were at least three very
pleasant events that still hold a
place in his memory. “I cannot
forget the big party that Captain
Rodger had at the White House
when the two big ships, named
Cerro Azul and Cerro Ebano,
entered the San Nicolas Bay.

Phere of food, drinks, and
people The 4th of July

celebrations were also memorable

as lots



Everyone was welcome
Fireworks were thrown on the

cean close to the PH-! area and
lots ol sports actavities were

organized, such as, baseball games

F and pologames on donkeys
But the most impressive

i ippening aid Freddy, *’were
he ‘dancing on ice’ shows in the
+0) Phe vere held behind the
Rainbow Bakery every night fon

two weeks. It was beautiful: the
most impressive happening I ever
experienced. I was there every

night



During his 40 years at
Freddy was a very active
employee. For a few years, he was
President of the Lago Employee
Council, an employee
representation organization. At
present, Freddy Dirksz still sings

} for the locally acclaimed ’’Vivons

en Chantant” group and for the
Sta. Teresita Church Choir. He

s also works full time for the School

di Arte in San Nicolas



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

eee

varin’y funchi, panchi y weya, ya
cu ta te fin di siman numa nan
tabata bai cas atrobe. Den e
dianan di siman nan tabata drumi
den hamaca of, mas despues, den e
yaracanan. Anochi nan tabata bai
yisca cerca di unda e edificio di
OMCC ta awor, hasa e pisca

pisca fresco tur dia), y comé
hunto cu e funchi cu ya nana
yrepara caba Ta ‘sina cos
tabata antes . ” Freddy a relata,
cordando pasado.

Yen Freddy su 40 afia di servicio,
tabata tin por lo menos tres evento





ylacentero cu ainda ta ocupa lugar
den su memoria. Mi no por
ubida e fiesta grandi cu Captain
Rodger a organiza na Casa Blanca
ora cu e dos barconan grandi,
yama Cerro Azul y Cerro Ebano,
a drenta e bayo di San Nicolas.
Tabata tin hopi cuminda, bebida,
y hende ..... * E celebracionnan di
4 di Juli tambe tabata memorable.
*Tur hende tabata bon-bini.
Klapchi y vuurpijl tabata wordo
tira ariba laman cerca di e area di
PH-1 y hopi actividadnan
deportivo tabata wordo organiza;
manera weganan di baseball y
weganan di polo ariba burico ..... 3
*Pero e suceso mas
impresionante,”’ Freddy a bisa,
“tabata e shownan di “baile ariba
ijs’ den ananan 40. Nan tabata
wordo teni tras di Rainbow Bakery
tur anochi pa dos siman largo. E
tabata bunita, e suceso mas
impresionante cu hamas mi a yega
di presencia. Mi tabata eynan tur
anochi.””

Durante su 40 afianan na Lago,
Freddy tabata un empleado hopi
activo. Pa varios afia e tabata
presidente di Lago Employee
Council, un organizacion
representante di empleadonan.
Actualmente, Freddy Dirksz ta
canta ainda pa e localmente
aclama grupo Vivons en Chantant
y pa e coro di misa Sta. Teresita.
Tambe e ta traha “fulltime” pa e
School di Arte na San Nicolas.











ll

Lord Boxoe ta
dedic& cantica
na Lago

~*GOD BLESS LAGO” (Dios
bendiciona Lago) ta e titulo die
calypso cu pensionista di Lago,
Yrad Illidge, mihor conoci como
Lord Boxoe, a graba ariba un
disco di 45 rpm na ocasion di
Lago su 60 aniversario.

“E calypso ta basa ariba mi
sentimientonan personal pa cu
Lago,” Lord Boxoe a bisa. "Lago
tabata significa tur cos pami. Mia
cuminza traha akinan como
mucha, tempo cu mi tabata tin
solamente 14 afia, y mia traha

1



"Twas nicknamed "Boxoe”’ by my parents
when I was a baby, because I was fat and
they happened to know a fat man with
that name,”" explained Yrad _Illidge.
When he first participated in the calypso
contest over 20 years ago, he called himself
’Lord’ Boxoe. Itis under that name that he
won 16 trophies over the years.

akinan practicamente henter mi
bida. Tur loke mi sé mi a sifia di
Lago.” E cancion a wordo scirbi
tambe como un homenahe na cada
empleado di Lago cu a contribui
na Lago su existencia pa sesenta
ana.

Lord Boxoe, kende a bai cu
pension dia | di Januari di e ana
aki despues di 38 afia di servicio,
ana pasa a bira Road March King
cu e famoso "GeGe’’. Den e 20
afianan cu ela participa den e
contestnan di carnaval, ela gana
un total di 16 titulo, sea como
Road March King of Calypso
King. Algun di su miho1
composicionnan manera "GeGe”

y “Meaty” a wordo graba ariba e
otro banda di e disco.
Acompanamiento musical tabata
den man di Triple *S”
empleado di Lago como miembro
di a banda: Sonny Hoo, Manager
y saxofonista; Casin Giel, pianista;
y Larry Hoo, trombonista.

cu tres






12

The beginnings

On August 14, 1924, the steamer
Brion arrived at Aruba with on
board Captain Robert Rodgers,
Captain William Clark, and J.
Oswald Boyd, who were looking
for a harbor where the crude oil
from Lake Maracaibo could be
transhipped for the Britsh
Equatorial Oil Company.



Captain Robert Rodger, a Scot by birth,
came to Aruba in 1924 looking for a
harbor suited for crude transshipment.
Mr. Rodger was referred to as "Mr. Lago”
for many years.

Lago Petroleum Corporation
bought up the British Equatorial
Oil Company and out of this arose
Lago Oil & ‘Transport Company,
Limited. For the time being, the
sole purpose of the Company was
the establishment of a
transshipping station.

In 1925, the British shares in Lago
passed into the hands of the Pan
American Petroleum Corporation:
and in July 1927, a group of
experts including Lloyd G. Smith,
arrived in Aruba to investigate
whether the transshipping station
could be converted into a refinery
to refine Venezuelan crude. Aruba
was favored above other places.

The First Barrels

January 29, 1929, is recorded as



ARUBA ESSO NEWS

the date the first barrel of crude
went through the stills. In the first
years of its existence, 22 million
dollars were invested on extension
projects. In the meantime, the
Standard concern, which was
interested in Aruba, had taken
over the whole industry from the
Pan American Corporation on
behalf of the Standard Oil
Company of Indiana. In 1932, the
industry passed into the possession
of the Standard Oil Company of
New Jersey. The Esso trademark
was formed by the letters S and O
of Standard Oil.

Expansion

Expansion continued, and in 1937
a start was made by cutting an
entrance through the reef on the
westside so that ships no longer
needed to run around in the
narrow harbor basin. The harbor’s
equipment was brought up to
date, and a hospital was built for

the amount of US$200.000.00. The

so called “Colony” came into
being. In 1937, Lago Heights.
consisting of 150 houses. became



the first “outside” settlement built
by Lago. This was soon followed
by Essoville, and in 1947,
*Lagoville” was built by a special
branch of Lago, the Home
Building Foundation.

The War Years

Lago and Aruba played a most
important role throughout the
Second World War, refining | out
of every 16 barrels of aircraft fuel
used by the allied forces. It was no
coincidence then that the first
torpedo fired in the Western
Hemisphere during the war, struck
the island of Aruba in February
1942. Several ships. anchored just
outside the San Nicolas harbour,
sunk and many lives were lost as a
result. During the war. Lago built
its single largest unit. the catalytic
cracking unit or PCAR. which
started operation in 1943 and was
closed down about thirty years
later.

Postwar Activities

When the refinery returned to
peacetime operations alter the wai
—>



60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE JE 5










ARUBA ESSO NEWS

60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE

§

The tank above is recorded as "probably the first tank” built at Lago .....



of crude oil to Exxon refineries in
the U.S. Reefberth 2, the deeper

of the two reefberths, has accomo-
dated the largest vessel afloat,

the 560,000 ton Seawise Giant.

period, it saw tremendous activity
in maintenance and reconstruction
programs. The harbor was
reconstructed, a Main Shop
housing the carpenter, welding,
tinsmith, blacksmith, pipe
instrument, and electrical

i

Modernization,

Workforce Reduction
Major changes took place in the
refinery during the late fifties, with
a move toward fewer refining units
with greater capacity. A number
of the stills built in 1928 were
rebuilt and modernized and many
were torn down. New technology
became necessary as the
requirements of the users of
petroleum became more exacting,
Many factors contributed to the
reduction in the refinery’s
workforce during the fifties.
Competition increased through the
decade, principally through the
construction of new refineries and
expansion of existing ones in
nearly all of Lago’s marketing
areas. As the Aruban community
itself progressed to the point where
it could provide services which
formerly were nonexistent on the
island, and as the need for greater
efficiency and elimination of
nonessential activities became
obvious, Lago switched from a
completely selfsuflicient entity to
purchased or contracted services
when these became available. All

operations under one roof was
constructed, the hospital was
expanded, and a laundry and
foundry were built
With all the postwar activities,
Lago reached an all-time peak of
about 8,300 employees of which
about 800 were expatriates. The
) company needed a department
consisting of approximately 600
employees to manage maintenance
and repair of over 600 houses,
bachelor quarters, a hospital,
dining halls, clubs, commissaries,

; and the Lago Sport Park.

a

; The Harbor

: A shipyard, necessary for the

« repair and maintenance of the
Lake ‘Tanker fleet, operated from
1928 to the mid-fifties, when the

€ permanent opening to Lake

c Maracaibo was accomplished,

1 obviating the need for lake
tankers

c A succession of dredging projects
and dock « hanges kept pace with

r the trend toward larger tankers.

| Two oll-shore reefberths were built

( in connection with transshipment



I
q
]
Before Lago, the Aruba Phosphate Company built railroads on property that is now
leased by Lago, for the transport and shipment of phosphate.
. : Rae wy ape rertaay © erassruure sea90uTe







13

this brought about a constant
reduction of the workforce through
the years. From a peak of 8,300
employees in 1949, it went to
5,134 in 1960, 2,305 in 1965, 1,618
in 1977, and finally to less than
one thousand in January of 1984.

LVS/LSF

The Lago Vocational School,
which since 1935 had prepared
close to a thousand young men for
jobs with Lago by extending their
education, ceased operations in
1957. By that time, the
government-operated Aruba
Technical School was giving
vocational training. In March,
1957, the Lago Scholarship
Foundation was established to aid
Aruba students seeking higher
education in Holland and the
United States.



Automobile no. 124-A is recorded as
"probably the first one” to drive within
Lago boundaries.

Billions of Barrels
Since the Lago refinery started
operating on January 29, 1929, the
total barrels of crude refined has
surpased 6,500,000,000 (six and-a-
half billion). The first billionth
barrel was attained on March 15,
1945, the second billion on July 4,
1952, the third billion was reached
on February 9, 1959, the fourth
billion on January 19, 1965. On
October 14, 1971, Lago refined the
filth billion barrel of oil. The sixth
billion mark was reached on
February 15, 1979.



Information compiled by: Carlos Z.
de Cuba
Main Sourc Johan Hartog’s
“History of Aruba”




14

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE






E cuminzamento.....

Dia 14 di Augustus 1924, e bapor
Brion a yega Aruba cu na bordo
Capitan Robert Rodger, Capitan
William Clark y J. Oswald Boyd,
kendenan tabata busca un haf’
unda e azeta crudo di Lago di
Maracaibo por a wordo
transborda pa British Equatorial
Oil Company.

Lago Petroleum Corporation a
cumpra British Equatorial Oil
Company y for di esaki a lanta
Lago Oil & Transport C ‘ompany
Ltd. Pa un temporada, e unico
proposito di e compania tabata e
establecimiento di un parada pa
transbordacion.





January 29, 1929, is the date Lago ein

Na 1925, e acciénnan Britanico
den Lago a pasa pa man di Pan
American Petroleum Corporation
y na Juli 1927 un grupo di experto
incluyendo Lloyd G. Smith a yega
Aruba pa wak si e parada pa
transbordacion por ser converti den
un refineria pa refind crudo
Venezolano. Aruba a ser favorecé
ariba tur otro lugar.

E promeé barilnan

Januari 29, 1929, a wordo marca
como e fecha ariba cual e promé
baril di crudo a pasa den e “still”
nan. Den e promé ananan di
existencia di Lago, 22 million
dollar a wordo inverti den
proyectonan di extension. Mientras
tanto, e empresa Standard, cual
tabata interesa den Aruba, a tuma
over henter e industria di Pan
American Corporation na nomber



DEN TRANSCURSO DI ANA

di Standard Oil Company of

Indiana. Na 1932, e industria a
pasa pa posesion di Standard Oil
Company of New Jersey. E marca
comercial Esso a wordo forma pa e
letternan S y O di Standard Oil.

Expansion
Expansion a continua, y na 1937 a
cuminza corta un entrada den e ril
na e banda pabao (west) pa asina
e barconan no tabata tin mester di
bira rond den e comchi small di e
haf. E equipo di haf a wordo
moderniza y un hospital a wordo
construi pa e suma di $200.000. E
asina yama “colony” a cuminza
hana forma. Na 1937. Lago

refining crude .....

Heights. consistiendo di 150 cas a
bira e promé comunidad “ pator™
construi pa Lago. Poco tempo
despues Essoville a bin acerca y na
1947 Lagoville a wordo traha pa
un extension social di Lago, Home
Building Foundation.

E afanan di guera
Lago y Aruba a hunga un papel
hopi importante durante e segundo
guera mundial. refinando | di
cada 16 baril di combustible pa
avion cu tabata wordo uza pa e
forzanan aliado. No tabata
coincidencia ant6é cu e promé
torpedo cu a wordo lanza den e
hemislerio occidental durante e
guera, a aleanza e isla di Aruba na
Februari di 1924. Varios barco,
ancra net palor die haf di San
Nicolas, a sink y hopi bida a bai
perdi a consecuencia di esaki.





Mientras cu e guera tabata sigi,
Lago a construi su unidad singular
mas grandi, e Catalic Cracking
Unit of PCAR, cual a cuminza
opera na 1943 y a wordo saca lon
di servicio mas 0 menos trinta ana
despues.

Actividadnan despues di
guera
Ora cu e refineria a bai bek pa
operacionnan di tempo di paz. ela
mira un actividad tremendo di
programanan pa mantenimiento \
reconstruccion. E hat a wordo
reconstrui, un Main Shop. esta un
tayer princ ipal. unda e seccionnan
di car pinte ria,
“tinsmith”. hereria. tuberia y
“instrument electrical”
di un dak. a wordo construi. e
hospital a wordo expandé. y un
lavanderia y fundicion a wordo
construi.

“welding”

tabata bao

Cu tur e actividadnan despues di
guera. empleo na Lago a alcanza
un nivel maximo. cu no a wordo
iguala te dia di awe. di casi 8300
empleado, di cual mas of menos
800 empleado tabata expatriado. E

compania tabata tin mester di un
=

— del ne

During the War, Lago built its single
largest unit: The Catcracker or PCAR. It
was shutdown some thirty years later .....




60th ANNIVERSARY ISSUE



departamento consistiendo di
aproximadamente 600 empleado,
pa por a logra mantené y drecha
mas cu 600 cas, apartamentonan
di soltero, un hospital,
comedornan grandi, clubnan,
comisarionan (pa haci compras). y
e Lago Sport Park.

E Haf

Un dok, necesario pa e reparacion
y mantenimiento di e “Lake
Tanker fleet’’, esta e flota di
tanquero di Lago, a opera di 1928
te na mitar di e afanan cincuenta,
despues cu e entrada permanente
pa Lago di Maracaibo a wordo
logra, eliminando e necesidad pa
tanqueronan di Lago.

Un sucesion di proyectonan pa
dragamento y cambionan na e dok
tabata mantené paso cu e
tendencia pa tanqueronan mas
grandi

Dos reefberth canti costa a wordo
construi en coneccion cu
transbordo di azeta crudo pa
refinerianan di Exxon na Estados
Unidos. Reefberth 2, esun mas
“reelberth”
acomoda e barco flotante di mas
erandi na mundo *Seawise Giant”
di 560.000 ton

hundo di e dos nan, a

Modernizacion,
reduccion di e forza
obreril

Cambionan grandi a tuma lugar
durante e ultimo ahanan di 1950,
z :
y cu un translormacion pa menos

Employees to and from work
and at the commissary

unidadnan di refinacion pero cu
capacidad mas grandi. Un
cantidad di e *’still” nan construi
na 1928 a wordo réconstrui y
moderniza, y hopi di nan a wordo
basha abao. Technologia nobo a
bira necesario segun e requisitonan
die uzadornan di petroleo tabata
bira mas exigente. Hopi factor a
contribui na e reduccion di e forza
obreril di e refineria durante e
aflanan cincuenta. Competencia a
aumenta durante henter e década,
principalmente a consequencia di e
construccion di refinerianan nobo
y expansion di esnan existente den
casi tur Lago su dreanan di venta.
Segun e comunidad Arubano mes
a progresa te na e punto na unda
cu e por a duna servicio cu antes
no tabata existi ariba e isla y
mientras cu e necesidad pa mas
eficiencia y eliminacion di
actividadnan no-esencial a bira
evidente, Lago e ora ey a cambia
di un entidad completamente
auto-suliciente pa un cu tabata
contrata servicionan ora cu
esakinan a bira disponible. Tur
esaki a trece cuné un reduccion
constante di e forza obreril
durante e ahanan. Di un punto
culminante di 8300 empleado na
1949, ela baha té 5134 na 1960,
2305 na 1965, 1618 na 1971 y
findlmente pa menos cu mil na

Januari di 1984.







LVS/LSF

E Lago Vocational School, cual
desde 1935 a prepara cerca di mil
jovennan pa trabaonan cu Lago
door di extende nan educacion, a
suspendé su operacion na 1957. Pa
e tempo ey, e school téenico di
Aruba, funda pa gobierno, tabata
duna entrenamiento pa ofishinan.
Na Maart 1957, e Lago
Scholarship Foundation a wordo
estableci pa yuda studiantenan
Arubano cu kier sigi cu estudio
universitario na Hulanda y
Estados Unidos.

Billiones di baril
Desde cu Lago su refineria a
cuminza su operacion dia 29 di
Januari 1929, e total di barilnan di

The Lago Vocational School included
classes in fundamental English as can be
seen on the picture. Almost 1000 young
men attended the school, many of whom
are still with us today.

crudo refina a surpasa
6.500.000.000 (seis billion y mei).
E prome billion a wordo alcanza
dia 15 di Maart 1945, e di dos
billion dia 4 di Juli 1952, e di tres
billion a wordo logra dia 9 di
Februari 1959 y e di cuatro billion
dia 19 di Januari 1965. Dia 14 di
October 1971, Lago a refina e di
cinco billion baril di azeta. E
cantidad di seis billion a wordo
alcanza dia 15 di Februari 1979.

Informacion compila pa Carlos Z. de
Cuba

Fuente principal: “History of
Aruba” di Johan Hartog








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