Citation
Aruba Esso news

Material Information

Title:
Aruba Esso news
Creator:
Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
Place of Publication:
Aruba Netherlands Antilles
Publisher:
Lago Oil and Transport Co., Ltd.
Creation Date:
December 21, 1945
Frequency:
biweekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Petroleum industry and trade -- Periodicals -- Aruba ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )

Notes

Language:
Text in English and papiamento.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1- 1940-
General Note:
Cover title.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Holding Location:
Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Rights Management:
This item was contributed to the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) by the source institution listed in the metadata. This item may or may not be protected by copyright in the country where it was produced. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by applicable law, including any applicable international copyright treaty or fair use or fair dealing statutes, which dLOC partners have explicitly supported and endorsed. Any reuse of this item in excess of applicable copyright exceptions may require permission. dLOC would encourage users to contact the source institution directly or dloc@fiu.edu to request more information about copyright status or to provide additional information about the item.
Resource Identifier:
000307401 ( ALEPH )
06371498 ( OCLC )
ABT4040 ( NOTIS )

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Full Text


VOL.

1
\

6, No. 15









Twenty -two Hours Adrift

normally calm ocearNgame
dangerously close to claiming victim
late last month when three L.O.F. moft

Aruba’s

were
drifting boat that was in a near-sinking

condition. Wet, cold, and beginningâ„¢o_
feel the effects of 22 hours exposure,

the three, Roy d’Abreu, Gerald Gonsal-

ves, and Bertram Hadley, were picked

up at 3 a.m. Noventber 28 by a tug

specially dispatched fromm Curacao.

The trio had set out from Oranjestad
on a fishing trip in d’Abret’s boat, the
"Lady Mae”, at 5 a.m. the day before.
They may owe their lives to\the fact
that they started before dawn, ‘and so
had a flashlight in the boat. Working
4 to 12 shift, they had planned to\be
out only a few hours, but the strong
current southwest of the island took
them farther than they ‘intended to go,
and about the time they wanted to
start back a squall broke the mainsail’s
sparj~and the sail tore badly.

Barely able_to keep headway with a
sail patched with«txro1 and shirts,
they were able to sitiiat.an outbound _
British ocean tanker late ‘in_the after-
noon. After giving them some Water, the






Continued on BageoGen

La Reina Wilhelmina ta Expresa
Gratitud na Pueblo di Aruba pa
Nan Contribuciénnan
na S.A. N.O. A.

Na Holanda nan ta haciendo bon
uso-di e contribuciénnan cu emplea-

donan di Lago y Compania mes a ;/

haci na S.A.N.O.A. na anja 1940 y/
1941, segtin un carta di gratitud cy

su Mahestad La Reina Wilhelmina/,

a dirigi na Gouverneur Kasteel. /
Aruba su contribucién na e fof
di socorro aki, cu a worde organiza
poco despues di invasion di Holanda,
a suma Fils. 270,000 y di esaki
Fls. 142,146.40 a worde contribui pa

Lago y su empleadonan.

E carta di La Reina fa pidi Gou-
verneur Kasteel di comunica su sin-
timento di gratitud na Pueblo di
Aruba, y el a bisa cu e ta masha con-
movi pa e simpatia demonstra door
di e regalo aki na Holanda y na su
Pueblo cu a sufri tanto cu guerra.

Su Mahestad a sigura cu nan lo
usa e placa di e moda cu e Comité
di Aruba ta proponé.

F. Men Saved After

rescued 20 miles at sea fropia——rent=or









Anew spiriteg Chrisiias manifests it.
Self this year. Six\timegs “fhe-obsbrvance

‘warty and evén those| wh, eis. Kontunste’ Z

enough to be untouched) by_the swat’s

Tenis or siintaws, tone! there-conld
Tro-beat Christin: wh




SS
grip?

is gone, and there is Sened hope Tie
happier days. It is in this prospect, that
hardships may diminish and that men’s
ggod will towards}; men may soon be re-
established, that I extend good/ wishes
for Christmas =f the New Year.

eal Hlorigan

Ta reina un ane nobo di Pascu e
anja aki. Seis bez e\dia sagrado tabata
tapa bao nubianan seur di guerra y has-
ta esnan cu Satin Vortune di a keda
sin sufri e penhanan cu guerra ta trece,
tabata sinti cu no por\tin un Pascu ber-
dadero mientras cu e lucha ta sigui.

Cu intraquilidad y sufrimento di e mi-
lesnan di hénde aki na\ mundo, un be:
-dadero Paz/ na Tera no\ ta _existi-ainda,—
pero e amenaza di mays grandi a worde
deshaci y atrobe tin gperanza pa dianan
mas feliz.den future. ge a
~ Den speranza\/eu Sufrimentonan lo
mehgua y cu-bor boluntad lo reiria atro-
be denYhendengn un\pa otG, mi ta ex-
tendé fmi deséonanh pa\un Bon Pascu y
un Wéliz Ayija Nobo. \



ae SB re Bo, SUT RANSPORT co. LTO

Wel

JotAhe holy)/day\y xs \eibuiled over bx) Sees Food Facilities

———

\\ have road pérformance octane of 81.



_ DECEMBER





E.A.C. Sub-Committee

And Supply Problems

The Plant Commissary sub-committee
of the Employees’ Advisory Committee,
Erskine Anderson, Pedro Brook ana
Joaquin Maduro, aceompanied J.J. Aba-
die of Colony Seryice and Clifton Mon-

roe of Personnel on a tour of cold
storage and gommissary facilities De-
cember 11, afd at the same time dis-



f

cussed with’ Commissary personnel the
special préblems involved in supplying
food for/Lago’s thousands of employees.

Sevefal factors outstanding during
the War years cut down the quantity
available and affected the quality of tne
fruits and vegetables obtained.
‘ Hindered by a lack of shipping space,
and due to the U.S. Army’s taking the
large quantities of foodstuffs it needed,
not to mefition Government Lend-Lease
commitments, Arwha’s food supply was
at times meagre.

To try to counteract this inability to
obtain fresh foods, arrangerients were

Continued on Page 7




Better~Gasoline Now Available
Sifce Ban on Sale Is Lifted

Wartime restrictions- required all oil
companies the world over to market
gasoline for civilian use with an octane
number not to exceed 70 A.S.T.M. This
restriction has existed since January
1942, and was instituted as a measur?
to conserve higher_octane material and
tetraethyl-lead for militery require-
ments. =

This restriction has now been lifted
and effective at once, the motor gasoline
marketed in the Carribean area will

This change should be welcome news
to Lago employees as well as motorists
the world over who have been using the

war-time grade during the past 3 years.

The new grade is now being dispense |
at all Esso filling stations.

In This Tesue -

January calendar: page 8.
Commissary supply problems:
Additional Thrift contribution:

page 1.
page 2.

"Cat cracking” — how it’s done: pages

4 and 5.
Lago Club show: page 6. 7)
A new feature, "Around the Plant”:

page 7.







Arua @sO News |

PUBLISHED AT ARUBA, N. W.1., BY THE
LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD.

The next issue of the Arusa Esso News will be distributed
Friday, January 11. All copy must reach the editor in

the Personnel building by Friday noon, January 4

Telephone 523

Printed by The Curacao Courant, Curacao, N.W.L



When one tree makes a forest

Trains passing through wooded areas have been
known to start large and disastrous forest fires. A bad-
ly wired toy electric train can do the same thing in
Aruba at Christmas time. Although the island is short
on wooded areas, a Christmas tree in a bungalow will
serve very well to start a beautiful fire.

Possibility of damage through fire increases
greatly at Christmas time, with flammable decorations

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Simon Coronel
Bipat Chand
Sattaur Bacchus
Gordon Ollivierre
Luciano Wever
Henwey Hirschfeld
Simon Geerman
Iphil Jones
Erskine Anderson
Sam Viapree
Fernando da Silva
Bertie Viapree
Hugo de Vries
Pedro Odor
Mrs. Ivy Butts
Jacinto de Kort
Henry Nassy
Harold Wathey
Mrs. M. A. Mongroo
Elsa Mackintosh
(Not yet selected)
Thomas Leverock
Calvin Hassell
Federico Ponson
Thomas Larmonie
Edgar Connor
Mario Harms
Cade Abraham
Jan Oduber
John Francisco
Jose La Cruz
Vanisha Vanterpoot
Ricardo Van Blarcum
Claude Bolah
Hubert Ecury

all through the houses and on some of the costumes

that might be worn. Elaborate decorations in bunga-
lows are often a serious fire hazard and care should be
taken to see that this kind of danger is kept to a mini-

mum,

A few safety precautions with regard to electri-
cal tixtures and tree lights will help to eliminate
fire hazard. A sound, undamaged or unworn lighting
system for a tree should give little trouble. But if a set
of lights is old and worn, with frayed wiring or broken
plugs, possibility of a short circuit is always present

and fire can result easily.

Hazards such as these increase during the holi-

i



day season. A wise person knows this and acts accor-

dingly so that he will have no ''forest fires" in his house

to mar the holiday fun.



‘Departmental





‘Reporters

Hospital

Storehouse
Instrument

Electrical

Labor

Marine Office
Drydock

Receiving & Shipping
Acid & Edeleanu
wcecicky L. 0. F
eee Pressure Stills
C.T.R. & Field Shops
T.S.D. Offices
Accounting
Powerhouse 1 & 2
Laboratories 1 & 2
Laboratory 3

Lago Police

Esso & Lago Clubs
$ou2 Dining Halls (3)
Hydro-Alky

Gas & Poly Plants

M. & C. Offico

Masons & Insulators
Carpenter & Paint
Machine Shop
Blacksmith, Boiler & Tin

Pipe

Welding

Colony Commissary
Plant Commissary
Laundry

Colony Service Office
Colony Shopa
Garage

toeee
soees

(Stars after a name Indicate that that reporter has turned in a tip
for this Issue). |



No, it's not a ghost. This blithe spirit is the artist's symbol of the catalyst

that makes the cat cracker a modern marvel of gasoline production. Moro
about him and what he does will be found on pages 4 and 5.

Company Contributes Nearly One Million Guilders
Additional to the Lago and Overseas Thrift Plans

Credits Made to Participants
Accounts as in Previous Years

Additional contributions of approxi-
mately Fis. 945,000 by the Company to
participants in the Lago Thrift Plan
and Overseas Thrift plan were announc-
ed December 1. This is in addition to
the amounts contributed regularly by
the Company to each employee’s thrift
account.

While there is no guarantee of addi-
tional contributions embodied in the pro-
visions of either plan, the Company
makes such extra sums available whea
earnings, cash position, and other fac-
tors justify it. The present grant of
nearly one million guilders is the
seventh such special contribution to be
made in seven years.

As in the past, each participant’s
thrift account will be credited with a
fixed sum, plus a percentage of the total
he and the Company have contributed
over the past year.

With 4,816 employees entered in the
two plans (97.8 per cent of those eligible
for the Lago Thrift Plan, and 98.3 per
cent eligible for the Overseas Plan) the
distribution of the extra credits will be
of benefit to nearly all employees of the
Company.



Dia 1 di December a worde anuncid
eu Compania lo concede contribucion-
nan adicional di Fls. 945,000 na tur par-
ticipantenan den Lago Thrift Plan i
Overseas Thrift Plan. Esaki ta fuera di
e sumanan, cual regularmente ta worde
carga door di Compania na cuenta di ca-
da participante den Thrift Plan.

Aunque no tin ningun garantia oa
eontribucionnan adicional inclui den
cualquier di e dos plannan, Compaiia ta
pone tal sumanan extra disponibel pa e
proposito aki ora cu ganamentonan, po-
sicion financiera, i otro factornan por
hustifica esey. E donacion actual di casi
un millon di florin ta e di seite contri-
bucion especial cu lo worde concede du-
rante seite afia.

Manera anterior, un suma fiho lo wor-
de carga na fabor di cada participante
den Thrift Plan, mas un percentaje di ¢
total cu tanto e empleado como Com-

pania a contribui durante e ultimo ana
cu a pasa.

Cu un total di 4,816 empleado den e
dos planan aki (97.8 por ciento di es-
nan eligibel pa Lago Thrift Plan, i 98.3
por ciento eligibel pa Overseas Thrift
Plan) e distribucion di e créditonan ex-
tra lo ta un beneficio pa casi tur emplea-
donan di Compania.

-News

A new production record was set by
Creole recently when they produced ap-
proximately 54 per cent of the total
daily production in Venezuela. Creole's
share in the industry-wide production of
1,020,000 barrels per day was 555,544
barrels.

A theoretical physics group has been
formed by the Standard Oil Develop-
ment Company, among whose assiga-
ments will be investigating the indus-
trial possibilities of atomic energy. In
addition to exploratory research work,
they will aid other groups on matheme-
tical and physical problems.

F. W. Abrams, a director of S. O. Co.
(N. J.), has accepted the chairmanship
of the petroleum division of the Ameri-
can Red Cross drive for 1946.

Captain F. V. Lowden, recently r2-
leased from the U.S. Coast Guard and
a veteran of World War I also, has been
named veterans’ coordinator of S.O. Co.
(N.J.) and its affiliates. He will be re-
sponsible for implementing the com-
pany’s policy of reinstatement of return-
ed veteran-employees.

Richardson Pratt, assistant treasurer
and head of the budget department of
the parent company, has resigned to de-
vote his full time to varied personal in-
terests. He is succeeded in the budget
department by Dr. C. L. Burrill, former
assistant professor of accounting of
Harvard.



Noted Radio Artist of Trujillo
Now Works in Marine Department

If you were listening to the radio in
New York and heard the name Leslie
announced over the air it would probably
mean that you were about to hear some
fine piano music. But if you were in the
Marine office Leslie would turn out io
be Emelindo Leonor.

Emelindo has been working in the
Marine Department since August of this
year but previous to that time he had
carved out quite a niche for himself in
the world of music. Emelindo’s professio-

Emelindo Leonor

nal name, '’Leslie’ has been famous for
a long time in Santo Domingo, where ne
had his own orchestra "'Orquesia Cari-
be”, in Ciudad Trujillo and played over
stations HIZ and HIG. While in New
York he was heard over WJZ and WNYC
and in several of the nightclubs.

In addition to his orchestra work Eme-
lindo has done a great deal of teaching
and concert work both in the States and
Santo Domingo.

A former government rubber authori-
ty predicts that by 1950 the quality of
synthetic rubber, whose base is a pe-
troleum derivative, should be at least
equal to that of natural rubber, and
low-cost plants should be able to sell
it for 15 cents a pound including an
adequate profit and return on _invest-
ment.

DECEMBER 21, 1945



The Inquiring Reporter

Over 4,000 men and women signed up
in the new vacation plan, which gives
longer vacations and contributes Com-
pany money to an employee’s savings
for vacation. The ESSO NEWS believes
it may be interesting to readers to see
what fellow-employees think of the plan
and what they propose to do with their
time and money. Here are some of the
opinions:

"Sure it’s a good
thing”, said Remi-
gio Franken of T.S.
D. "It gives emplo-
yees enough time
and money to travel
during the long va-
cation. Previously
not too many people
were able to travel,
now just about
everyone can.” He didn’t have any plans
for when his long vacation is due.

Herbert Hengeveid,
of the Cable office,
who under the new
policy has seven
weeks vacation due
next December, he-
lieves the plan ig
excellent. Herbert
plans to take in the
sights in Caracas
during his vacation
next year.

John Marugg of
Accounting, said
that he thought the
plan was good and
believed the three
per cent Company
contribution would
go a long way to-
wards helping em-
ployees spend more
enjoyable vacations

In the Storehouse,
F.M. Guevara said,
"Yes the plan ix
good. I'll probably
go home to Trinidad
when I get my long
vacation. I haven’t
been there in four
years.”



"The plan is fine,”
stated George Law-
rence of the Gas
Plant. "I’m going
to save my vacation
time and take a
good long one.”
George plans to pay
for his newly-
bought house then
go out and blow the
lid off on a trip home to British Guiana.



PETROFACTS

It is believed Japan and all her con-
quered territories did not produce more
than 65,000,000 bbl. of oil a year. The
state of Texas alone produces approxi-
mately 800,000,000, or about 13 times
as much.

The longest string of oil-well casing
in the world is more than 214 miles long
in a Louisiana Gulf Coast test well. It
was cemented with 1,000 sacks of ce-
ment mixed in only 53 min.

Oil fields of the world actually are
graveyards of animals and plants which
have been subjected to millions of years
of heat and pressure beneath the earth’s
surface.

In one area of Shensi province, north
China, primitive oil wells produce 4 or
5 bbl. a day by pumps entirely hand-
operated.

A legislative proposal in the Bahamas,
BWI, would authorize the British gov-
ernment to explore for oil on 19 of the
20 islands in the group.







ee

a



DECEMBER..21, 1945 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 3

NEWS ?*¢





7100 am. weather forecast: Rain any minute. Parce cu awa ke yobe di un ora pa otro.



Taking and giving signals through the ropes to a diver under water, Alberto

Rinconos ta traha como yudador di buzo na e reparacionnan na Drydock cu

repairs recently completed. Handling an exacting job, he did the work for

several months after the regular Crandall Engineering man had to leave be-
cause of illness.

Bunande y tumando sinjainan na buzo bao di awa door di cabuyanan, Alberte
Rincones ta traha como yudador di buzo na e reparaciOnnan na Drydock cu
a bini cla recientemente. El a haci e job cu masha exactitud hopi funanan
largo despues cu e homber cu tabatin di Crandall Engineering mester a bal

pa via di enfermedad. Don't try this one before brea!
fast. Tbe double-jointed trick
being done by Edwin Bernez,
brother of St. George Bernez of
Material Accounting. When not ty-
ing bimself in knots, Edwin stud-
les medicine at McGill University

in Canada.





December winds bring snow to this Company
tank farm at Hallowell, Maine, (left) and snow
means hard work with a shovel if gauges are to



be read. December in Aruba, on the other hand, -h
(above) means mopping the brow as usual. cca tan ehedenatn ens
di St. George Bernez di Material
Accounting.



Parks

Diptemas went to 19 graduates In the Electrical
Job Training Course November 29, with W. L.
Ewart making the presentations. The men started
thelr class in September, 1944, with Franklin
Brews as lostructor, and in the 175 hours of
festruction they studied practically all the
electrical equipment of the refinery. Shown at
right after the graduation ceremonies, they are,
lw the back row left to right, G. Scott, F. Ed-
wards, N. Mathews, S. Alleyne, T. Nicholson, J.
Leysner, J. Tyrrel, N. Johnson, L. Lopez, B. Co-
ranj front row, F. Monte, H. Lancaster, M. Krind,
R. Tedd, C. Held, H. Bentham, G. Rawlins, S.
Geerman, F. Luidens, F. Brown (instructor).







Pulverized Catalyst

Produces IOO Octane

How "Fluid'' Catalyst works in a giant
cracking unit producing the 100 Octane
which was so valuable in winning the war.
The white clay powder mixed with heated
petroleum vapor produces the miracle
fuel that enabled our planes to climb fas-
ter, higher and maneuver more successful-

ly than those of the Japs and Nazis.

Though the American petroleum in-
dustry is the largest in the world, it
could not have achieved a daily produc-
tion of more than 500,000 barrels of
100 octane gasoline without the relati-
vely new refinery process, catalytic
cracking. The newest and simplest form
of catalytic cracking — and today the
major cracking method used in the pro-
duction of 100 octane gasoline — is
known as the Fiuid catalyst process.

A Fluid catalyst unit is an awe-in-
spiring but highly docile chemical ma-
chine, towering in some cases to a
height of 200 feet, with its huge steel
drums and its labyrinthine pipelines
standing open to the weather. In fuil
operation, with its powdered catalyst
whirling in a white storm in the reactor,
the exterior of the great machine is mo-
tionless and all but soundless. It is ap-
parently unattended by human hands.
It looks idle. There is nothing in its ex-
terior to indicate the huge scale of
operations within its walls — nothing
except the dials, meters and gauges on
the long panel in the control room,
where a small crew controls the mon-
ster’s hourly intake of air, gas, live
steam, catalyst, oil and water.

And yet, idle though it appears, its
production of raw materials for 100 oc-



THE CATALYST HAD
To BE CLEANED.....

EITHER IN
FIXED BEDS”....

OR CARRIED ON
MOVING BEDS.”
BUT BOTH METHODS

HAD CERTAIN LIMITATIONS

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

"F_LUID' CATALYST

AVIATION GASOLINE FROM A DUST STORM

tane gasoline makes it a key contributor
to the mastery of the skies which the
Allies have won in this first major air
war in history.

IT IS A LONG STEP from the black
crude oil to a clear green-dyed product
as highly synthetic as 100 octane avia-

tion gasoline. This is a very different
fuel from ordinary gasoline formerly
obtained by distillation alone. Distilla-

tion averaged 20 barrels of gasoline for
every 100 barrels of crude. The yield
has since been doubled by subjecting the
heavier fractions of the crude to high
temperatures and varying pressures so
as to “crack” their heavy molecules
into the lighter and more volatile mole-
cules of gasoline. This process, known
as “cracking,” has made it possible to
obtain as much as 45 barrels of gasoline
from 100 barrels of crude.

The early application of cracking
made use of heat and pressure alone. It
increased the gasoline yield, and as soon
as knock was identified as a charac-
teristic of the fuel, cracked gasoline was
found to possess an improved anti-knock
quality. However, for two reasons this
process of thermal cracking could not be
applied to aviation gasoline: (1) the
improvement in anti-knock quality was



‘“S
if =
4 =
=a—=








not enough, and (2) cracked gasoline
was not sufficiently susceptible to te-
traethyl lead.

For both of these reasons, the techni-
cians worked for some time to improve
the cracking process and a solution in-
volving the use of a catalyst, and hence
known as catalytic cracking, was being
Geveloped when the war came. The use
of a catalyst made it possible to control
the cracking reaction and so to produce
a gasoline higher in octane rating and
more susceptible to tetraethyl lead. Ca-
talytic cracking produces more than 50
per cent of the enormous volume of 100
octane gasoline pouring from American
refineries today.

THE CATALYST was a claylike solid
which had to be brought into contact
with the vaporized oil during the crack-
ing reaction. It could be used indefini-
tely. But the cracking reaction coated
its surface with coke and thus made it
inactive. Periodically, its surface had to
be cleaned. There were two ways of
doing this. The flow of oil vapor could
be stopped in order to allow the catalyst
to be cleaned, or the catalyst could be
removed from the stream of oil vapor
and cleaned before it was returned to
duty. The former was known as_ the
fixed-bed catalyst process, the latter as
the moving bed process.

IN BOTH PROCESSES, the catalyst
was cleaned by passing air over it, tte
temperature in the regenerator being
such that the air had the effect of burn-
ing off the coke. The principle was the
same in both processes, but the mecha-
nics differed. The handling of very large
masses of catalyst and the minimizing
of the losses of catalyst were problems
of great difficulty, and only during the
last few years have they been solved.

The fixed-bed process now uses _ its
catalyst in the form of pellets lying on
fixed trays in the large vertical steel

BUT THE CATALYST
BECAME DIRTY IN
THE PROCESS, AND

LOST ITS DOWER,
TOCONTROL «6G
CRACKING.

DECEMBER 21, 1945

drum, called the reactor, in which the
cracking reaction takes place. As soon
as the catalyst is fouled, the incoming
stream of vaporized oil is valved to an-
other reactor in order to permit the
catalyst to be regenerated. This type of
cracking necessarily makes use of seve-
ral reactors,

Two types of the moving-bed process
have been developed. One type provides
continuous operation with a single re-
actor and conveying it by means of a
mechanical conveyor to the regenerator
where it is burned clean before being
cycled back to the reactor.

THE OTHER TYPE of moving-bed
and one of the most revolutionary sohe
tions of the catalyst problems, is known
as the Fluid process, and was devised
by the Standard Oil Development Com-
pany, research and development affil-
iate of Standard Oil Company (N.J.). It
has the advantage of providing conti-
nuous operation without mechanical
conveyors or other moving parts. Its
basic technique is the handling of the
powdered catalyst so that it is always
in a fluidized condition and can be made
to flow from one part of the unit to an-
other like water.

The catalyst looks like pulverized
chalk and is slightly coarser than tal-
cum powder. Several hundred tons of it
are constantly circulating through the
vessels and pipes of a Fluid plant. It has
been estimated that the aggregate sur-
face of the tiny particles which flow
through a large unit in the course of a
day is equal to the entire ground area
of the United States. And yet no pumps
or other mechanical devices are needed
to circulate it. Standpipes give it down-
ard pressure and streams of gas give
it upward flow.

From its standpipe, the hot catalyst
powder, then at a temperature of be-
tween 1000° and 1200° Fahrenheit,
pours into the incoming stream of vapo-
rized oil at the prodigious rate of a box-
car load every minute. The vapor thus
enters the reactor as a cloudy white
mass in which every molecule of the
vapor is in contact with some particle
of the catalyst powder.

THE CRACKING REACTION reaches
its height in the bubbling and_ boiling
mass of catalyst powder wich fills
two-thirds of the reactor. The vapor
forces its way up through this dense
mass of catalyst powder which fills
whole mass into violent agitation and
producing the veritable cyclone in 2
cylinder which is characteristic of the
Fluid process. The incoming vapor forces
the fresh white catalyst in at the bottom
of the mass, and the cracked vapors,
laden with clouds of blackened catalyst
from the top of the mass, swirl into the
big outgoing pipeline at the top of the
reactor.

Just after they leave the reactor, the
cracked vapors enter a separator where
their burden of fouled catalyst drops
out and falls into the regenerator to be
burned clean at temperatures between
1000° and 1200°. The white reactivated
catalyst is then cycled back to its stand-
pipe, and this continuous circulation, a
kind of perpetual motion, summarizes
the mechanics of the Fluid process.
Meanwhile, the clean cracked vapors
pursue their separate course to the frac-
tionating tower where their high octane
components are distilled off and con-
densed.

It is then that the indispensability of
catalytic cracking to the war program
becomes plain. The gasolines it produces



eee



|



DECEMBER 21, 1945

are higher in anti-knock value and in
other characteristics essential to avia-
tion fuel than gasolines obtained by
cracking without a catalyst. They necd
less processing to produce a high octane
base stock for 100 octane gasoline, Tie
yield of iso-butane and butylene gases,
used in the production of the blending
agent for 100 octane, is far greater than
is obtainable by thermal cracking. More-
over, catalytic cracking produces some
of the raw materials for synthetic rub-
ber.

FLUID CATALYST CRACKING be-
came the leading cracking process in the
war program. But at the time the Stan-
dard Oil Development Company began
its experiments with catalytic cracking
half a dozen years ago, fixed-bed or
stationary catalytic cracking was the
accepted method. The catalyst was in
the form of lumps or pills.

Initial tests carried out in Standard’s
laboratories were literally on a_ half-
pint scale. A number of small units
were set up consisting of catalyst con-
tainers through which oil vapors could
be passed and from which the cracked
gasoline could be withdrawn. Hundreds

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Again, after several months of inten-
sive effort, the engineering details of the
process were worked out on this pilot
plant and plans for a 13,000-barrel-a-
day commercial plant began to go onto
the drafting boards. By that time, the
Standard Oil Development Company’s
catalytic cracking work had added up to
the continued endeavor over a two-year
period of probably 400 individuals and
nearly $1,000,000 had been spent on the
pilot plants.

Just as the construction of the 13,090-
barrel-a-day unit was about to begin,
there came one of those moments which
gladden the hearts of research workers.
By tying together all the work on pow-
dered catalyst, it became clear that if
the proper amount of gas (either o1!
vapors or air or steam) were mixed
with the catalyst, it became fluidized
and could be handled like water or oil.

Further, it became evident that this
“fluid,” composed of catalyst and vapor,
could be made heavier or lighter as de-
sired simply by changing the amount of
vapor added to the catalyst and by con-
trolling the speed at which the new fluid
moved. This technique of changing the
density of the fluid could be used

WHEN THE CATALYST
APPEARED, CRACKING
OF OlL MOLECULES

COULD BE
CONTROLLED....

TO GIVE GASOLINE
MOLECULES OF THE
RIGHT SIZE AND SHA
FOR HIGH-OCTANE
GASOLINE



of catalysts and dozens of oil stocks
were tested with results so favorable
that it appeared desirable to step up

operations and to begin thinking about
how to overcome the difficulties inherent
in the fixed-bed type of operation.

The size of the organization concerned
with the development of this process
soon grew from a few technical men to
a very large team of more than 100
chemists, chemical engineers and mecha-
nical engineers who worked together
with several hundred operators, analysts
and mechanics. Work was then procee:l-
ing on the designs of a large fixed-bed
plant, and in order to miss no bets, it
was decided that part of the organiza-
tion should work on alternative techni-
ques which offered the promise of being
better than the fixed-bed type of plant.
Experiments with these entirely diffe-
rent methods again were begun on a
very small scale and it soon became ap-
parent that the use of powdered catalyst
would enable the plant to be more easily
built and operated.

THE LABORATORY ‘TESTS with
powdered catalyst were soon being seru-
tinized by all the chemists and engi-
neers involved, and a 100-barrel-a-day
pilot plant using powdered catalyst was
built. In its operation, catalyst from a
hopper was forced by a screw conveyor
into a vaporized oil stream, and the
mixture of catalyst and oil vapor was
sent through a heated coil where the
cracking took place.

through a system of standpipes_ to
generate any desired pressure at any
particular point in the system, and by
proper manipulation could circulate the
catalyst through the unit without mov-
ing parts.

HERE WAS A REALLY REVOLU-
TIONARY idea. It was recognized at
once that by the time these new princi-
ples were put into operation, still further
simplification and ease of operation were
bound to result. Again the 100-barrel-
a-day pilot plant was completely rebuilt
to put these new principles into effect.
As war was then clearly approaching,
the engineering factors were establish-
ed in a relatively short operation of the
pilot plant, and development moved di-

rectly to the building of the 13,000-
barrel-a-day unit.
Despite the risk involved, the first

Jarge unit proved completely successful
and development was hurried on to its
goal, the designing and constructing of
large commercial units. The extent of
engineering work needed to design a big
commercial plant may be judged from
the fact that one of the first of them
took 125,000 man-hours of engineering
work alone. This engineering work cost
about $500,000 and was in addition to
the tremendous sums already spent on
research and development. By this time
the Standard Oil Development Company
bad put a total of more than 5,000,000
manhours of research, development and
engineering endeavor into the creation

SCIENTISTS OF STANDARD O/L CO.(NEW JERSEY)
FOUND THAT IF THE CATALYST WAS IN THE
FORM OF A FINE POWRER IT COULD

BE MADE TO FLOW BETWEEN

THE CRACKING AND CLEANING

ZONES WITHOUT THE USE

OF MOVING PARTS



of the Fluid catalyst process. Contribu-
tions to the development work have also
been made by the Standard Oil Company
(Indiana), the M. W. Kellogg Company,
The Texas Corporation, the Universal
Oil Products Company and the Shell Oil
Company; and the patents which cover
the Fluid process have since been made
available to the entire industry by the
Standard Oil Development Company.

THE FLUID PROCESS HAS GROWN
in a remarkably short time from the
laboratory to the first commercial plant
which went into operation in May 1942
at the Baton Rouge refinery of the
Standard Oil Company of New Jersey.
The first commercial unit was over 100
times larger than the previous _ pilot
plants. In spite of the growth in size,
the development of the process has been
marked by a continuous simplification;
and today 32 Fluid catalyst plants are
either operating or nearing completion.
In the number of its plants, the Fluid
process leads the other catalytic crack-
ing processes by substantial margins.

The Fluid process is not merely a war
process. Its simplicity and _ flexibility
make it certain that it presents a new
tool which is as good today in peace as it
was yesterday in war. The new fluid
"eat" crackers can readily be converted
to the production of high octane moter
gasoline in slightly greater volume than
their aviation gasoline capacity. In
addition to motor gasoline, they will
simultaneously produce fuel oil of the
type used in domestic furnaces. It is
estimated that when producing motor
fuel to capacity, a single large Fluid plant
will also produce enough fuel oil every
day to heat 100 average homes for a
year.

Moreover, it would be a mistake to
regard Fluid catalyst cracking as just
another refinery process. The new and
revolutionary chemical engineering prin-
ciples which it embodies are likely to
find widespread application in other iz-
dustries. Its basic principle is capable of
so many applications that it is impos-
sible to envisage the changes which even-
tually it may bring to our lives.

THE PROCESS OF

MOVING THE CATALYST
FROM WHERE {IT P/iD
ITS WORK 7O WHERE
IT WAS CLEANED AND

BACK AGAIN CONTINUOUSL
WAS GREATLY SIMPLIFIED





ARUBA ESSO NEWS

DECEMBER 21, 1945





By popular acclaim the best
show ever presented at the
Lago Club, the Follies
Varieté sponsored by the
Advisory Committee Decem-

ber 1 hit a new high in
songs, dances, costumes,
and the romantic scenery

painted by W. J. Downer of
the Lake Fleet.

Above, the Brazilian num-

ber was one of the most
urgently encored.

At right, the colorfully-
costumed Gypsy number
was a hit.

Shown below, the Calypso
singers nearly brought dowa
the house.

Seafaring Pup is off Again

Some of Lago’s people can claim to
have travelled a lot of sea miles on many
different tankers, but a Lago dog out-
strips them all. He hasn’t been around
the world yet and he hasn’t seen the
Pacific, but name a port on either side
of the north or south Atlantic and the
chances are he’s been there.

Rex, our wire-haired hero, barked his
first bark on Aruba in August of '39.
Nine months later he weighed his anchor
and sailed away with Captain August
Busch on the SS "R.P. Resor’, which
was later torpedoed. Rex’s next
ship was the "Paul H. Harwood” on
which he ran coastwise between New
York and Texas ports. Captain Busch
then took Rex on board the "G.G. Henry”
and he really started getting around,
making several trips to the Canary
Islands and Spanish Morocco.

When the war started, Captain Busch,
not wanting Rex to lose his life at sea,
brought him back to Aruba. Rex stayed
with Max Josephson during the war and
waited for the Captain to return to Arv-
ba and take him back to sea.

One day recently the "A.C. Bedford”
stopped here and on it was Captain
Busch. Rex, again sniffing the see
breezes, is off to Buenos Aires and
points north, south, east, and west.

A steamship’s fuel oil consumption
increases roughly with the cube of its
speed. A capital ship burning 700 bbls.
per day at a speed of 12 knots would
use 900 bbls. at 15 knots; 1200 at 18;
1700 at 20 and 3800 at 25.



New Type Show is Hit at Lago Heights Club



An enthusiastic crowd received the
Lago Heights Advisory Committee’s
review "Folies Varieté” at the Lago
Heights Club on the night of December
1. The cast was big, the costumes love-
ly, and the show moved along at a near-
professional pace. From the opening
chorus ,,Hello, Hello, Hello” to the last
strains of the closing number, the show
was a smash hit.

M.C.’d by Fernando Da Silva, the

show contained twenty-one numbers.
There were amusing sketches, catchy
songs, and snappy dances, and they

were all headline material.

This was in large part due to the ef-
forts of the producer, Winnie Rohee,
and the co-producer Mrs, C. McDonald,
who also acted as dancing instructor.

The house was packed, with nearly
300 tickets sold. Later on in the evening
standing was allowed in the rear, which
served to fill the auditorium even more
if that were possible.

Humphrey Linscheer’s orchestra do-
nated the music for the performance
and did a very commendable job. The
accompanists for some of the musical
numbers were E Renado and W. Rego.

Guests of the Club and enjoying the
performance were B. Teagle of the In-
dustrial Relations Department, Yousef
Waffa of the Standard Oil Co. of Egypt,
A. Wetherbee of the Clubs, and Cliff
Monroe of the Personnel Department.

After the show the entertainment
shifted to dancing.



FOOTBALL STANDINGS
(Through December 16)

Aloe League

Plyd. Won Lost Tied Pts.

Col. Serv. Adm. 7 a 0 0 14
Personnel 6 3 1 2 8
Machinists 5 2 0 3 7
Gas-Poly 5 3 1 als 7
Storehouse 6 1 3 2 +
Dining Halls $ 1 2 1 3
Training 6 1 4 1 a
Press. Stills 6 0 4 2 2
Marine 5 0 3 0 v0
Divi Divi League

Plyd. Won Lost Tied Pts.
Utilities 6 6. 0 0 12
L.O.F. 6 5 0 1 11
Welding 5 4 0 1 9
Drydock 5 2 2 a 5
Commissaries 5 2 3 0 4
Accounting 4 1 2 1 3
R.& S&S. a 1 6 0 2
T.S.D. 6 1 5 0 2
Hydro-Alky SO 0 0

| NEW ARRIVALS |

A daughter, Sheila Patricia, to Mr, and Mrs.
Irad Benjamin, November 10.

A daughter, Candace Barbara, to Mr. and Mrs.
Ethelbert Oliver, November 10.

A son, Alaster Augustus, to Mr. and Mrs, Ja-
mes John, November 11.

A son, William Patrick, to Mr. and Mrs. Wil-
liam Eagan, November 11.

A daughter, Joyce Cynthia, to Mr.
Augustin Charles, November 11.

A daughter, Ana Maria, to Mr. and Mrs. Julio
Shulterbrandt, November 12.

A daughter, Angelica Maria, to Mr.
Prospero Rojas, November 13.

A daughter, Belica Placida,
Winrick Ellis, November 14.

A daughter, Shirley Filomena, to Mr. and Mrs.
Rafael Wever, November 14.

A daughter, Lucia Filomena, to Mr. and Mrs.



and Mrs.

and Mrs.

to Mr. and Mrs.

Bruno Maduro, November 15.
A son, Tim Choy Winston, to Mr. and Mrs.
James Ahlip, November 17.

A son, Paul Apolinario, to Mr. and Mrs. Juan







Werleman, November 17.

A daughter, Rosalind Joyce, to Mr. and Mrs.
Philip Hodge, November 18.

A daughter, Vitorine Eveline, to Mr. and Mrs.
Ludwig Cornes, November

A son, Leandre Alberique, te Mr. and Mes.

Guillaume Arvindell, November 22.

A daughter, Filomena Rosa Maria, to Mr. and
Mrs. Luciano Wever, November 23.

A daughter, Mary Louise, to Mr. and Mrs. Do-
nald Hassell, November 24.

A son, Albrecht Reginald, to Mr. and Mrs.
George James, November 23.
A son, Albert Stanley, to Mr. and Mrs, Va-

lerio Kock, November 25.

A son, Roy Rupert, to Mr.
Canhigh, November 25.

A son, Dennis Mearl,
Newcom, November 26.

A daughter, Nancy Lynne,
James Jeffries, November 28.

A son, Rafael Alberto, to Mr. and Mrs. Casper
Hodge, November 28.

A soo, Dennis Alvin, to Mr. and Mrs. John Da
Costa, November 28.

A son, Wilfred Andrew, to Mr. and Mrs. Wil-
fred Jackson, November 30.

A daughter, Maria Louisa Filomena,
and Mr.s Charles Becker, November 30.

A son, Artie Adriaan, to Mr. and Mrs. Just de
Vries, December 2.

and Mrs. Jacob

to Mr. and Mrs, Mearl

to Mr. and Mrs,

to Mr.



SCHEDULE OF PAYDAYS
Semi-Monthly Payroll
December 16-31 Wed., January 9
Monthly Payrolls

December 1-31 Thursday, January 10

A stout-looking aggregation is the Gas & poly t
now and holding their own. They are, back row,

Texeira, A. Tjon, F. Anijs,
(captain),

SCORES

November 25

Cuba (manager), A.

Accounting 0 Drydock 0
Dining Halls 2 Training Division 0
Welding 5 (default) Hydro-Alky 0
Commissaries 5 (default) R. & S. 0
Personnel 5 (default) Storehouse 0
Gas & Poly 6 (default) Marine 0

December 2

Col. Serv. Adm. 1 Dining Halls 0
Press. Stills 5 (default) Training Division 0
Personnel 1 Machinists 1
Utilities 11 Accounting 1
Drydock 2 T.S.D. 1
L.O.F, 5 (default) Hydro-Alky 0
Decomber 16.
Col. Serv. Adm. 5 (default) Training 0
Press. Stills 1 Machinisis i
Gas & Poly 5 (default) Storehouse 9
Utilities 4 Drydock 1
L.O.F. & (default) T.S.D. 0
Welding & (default) R. & 8S. 0

Inter-Island Cricket Next Week

Cricket enthusiasts will journey to
the Wilhelmina Sport Park December 29
and 30 to see Curacao’s and Aruba’s
best players meet in two one-day match-
es. The annual competition, arranged
this time by Cyril Brown of the Instru-
ment Department, will bring together
a Curacao group (chiefly C.P.I.M. play-
ers) and the Cambridge Cricket Club
(composed chiefly of Lago players) on
the first day, and C.P.I.M. and an all-
Aruba XI on the second day.

In last year’s competition, at Curacao,
both games were rained out. This year’s
weather shows signs of being more con-
siderate, and fair weather and a large
attendance are anticipated.

eam, standing about midway in the Alo:
M. van Buchove, T. Johnson, G. Nicola:
A. Castinero, in front are, H. de Palm, M. Wout
H. Martinus, T. Flanegin.



SERVICE SLANTS

Thomas Russell of the Marine De-
partment hears that his son, Staff Sgt.
Donald Russell, who served in China
with the Army Air Forces, was recently
presented with the Bronze Star Medal in
Shanghai. Sgt. Russell was in Aruba
from childhood through his high school
years, and was in college in the States
when he entered the Army in 1942, He
has recently returned to the United
States.

Late news is that Sgt. Nevilte Gomes,
who worked on the Pressure Stills from
1939 to 1942, and has been _ stationed
with the occupation forces in Austria,
was to be home on furlough for Christ-
mas.

Neville left Aruba in '42 and went to
the States where he enlisted in a Pa-
ratroop battalion. His was among the
first units to land in Normandy on D-
day. Neville suffered a face wound from
a shell fragment but is as good as new
now.

Five "C. Y. 1.” Awards

Made in November

"Coin Your Ideas” awards went to
five employees in November. C, Nahar
wor Fls. 15 for his suggestion to instatl
a blockvalve in the 1/4” steamline to
steam turbine at No. 12 Aviation still;
B. Henriguez Fls. 10, install a sign over
the door to the Stewards Department’s
office; B. Richards Fils. 15, install a
latrine at the western end of the utility
dock; L. Aitcheson Fls. 15, install a
wire screen over the instrument panel
in the main Electric Shop; T. Foy Fis.
10, install a water line and hose in the
Customshouse area,





Your football goalkeeper spends a great deal
of time just "taking it easy’. Sometimes nothing
moves but his eyes as he intently follows the
play around the field. But when the opponents
threaten his goal he can be the fastest-moving
man on the squad. This keeper, and one of the
best in the game, is L. Solognier ef tho
Machinists team.

Keeper di futball ta pasa gran parti dl

por nada; tin bez ta su wowonan sé ta

Segun cue ta sigui e wega cu atenclén.

ora contrapartida ta amenaz4 su goal, e ta bira

e@ hungador di mas liher riba veld. E aki,

un die mihor hungadornan, ta L. Solognier di
team di Machinists.





DECEMBER 21, 1945





First employee to use the travel op-
portunities of the new vacation plan
was Richard de Robles of Accounting,
who left November 28 for a trip to the
United States. Another "early bird”
was Carl York of the Drydock, who
sailed on the S.S. "Kralendijk for St.
Marten December 11, and will be gone
until March.

Nine years is a long time and that’s
how long it has been since Cecil Bristol
of the Garage has left Aruba. Cecil's
last trip away from the island was in
1936. He will leave on January 2 for
Jamaica where, during his vacation, he
intends to put his young daughter into
school.

Luther Stowe will do no work at the
Drydock for six weeks. He is on his
third trip home in 16 years. Luther got
eight weeks vacation and a two weeks
leave of absence and with that he head-
ed for his home in St. Vincent. He saii-
ed on the Rio Hacha on December 3.

Arnold Jagrou, who left the Field
Machinists last April because of poor

Married lIl‘e started
for Hennessy Char-
les, of the Coloay
Commissary, and
Theodora Friday in
the Roman Catholic
Church In San Nico-
las on December 3.
A reception followed
at the Mechanic’s
Hall. In the picture
above, taken two
days before the ce-
remony. ne is receiv-
ing from Gene Kees-
ler the group’s wed-
ding gift of 110
crisp guilder notes.

y
B
Bites



* AROUND THE PLANT

ARUBA ESSO NEWS





health, writes from St. Lucia that his
health has improved, and asked to he
remembered to his many friends here.

Marriages

A wedding is in the offing for Robert
Martin of M. & C. and Pearl Angela
Lindo. The couple is to be married on
December 29, in the Dutch Reformed
Church in Oranjestad.

Another December wedding is that of
A.W. Williams of the Plant Commissary,
who married Catherine Alexander on
December 6.

Married on December 5, were Clau-
dius Mack of Stewards, and Cleonica
Gumbs. The wedding took place in the
Methodist Church in San Nicolaas,

Lily Mansell, a nurse at the Hospital,
will marry Martin de Aguiar of the

Pressure Stills, the day before Christ-
mas. The reception will be held at Oran-
jestad.





The staff of the Plant Dispensary is bidding goodbye in this picture to Albert Powell who
left In late November. Presenting the parting gift of lighter and gold key chain is Edney Huckleman.



A far-from-home visitor to Aruba early this month was Yousef Waffa, acting head of personnel

and public relations for the Standard Oil Co. of E

relations program. Mr.
with S.0. Co. of E
Coll

gypt, who was here studying Lago’s employee

Waffa, who was employed by the Egyptian government before going
gypt, had his education in the United States. He has studied at Michigan State
232 and the University of California, and in recent months he has been receiving training

im the employee relations departments of the Company's domestic and foreign operations before
returning to his duties in Egypt. Above, seated at far left, he is visiting a Job Relations Training

(Note:

class for Colony Service supervisors being conducted by Abdul Mohid.
Information on the blackboard Is blanked out because cates diseuaued! in Job Relations

classes are kept confidential).

Yn bishita di mashd leeuw cu a bini Aruba na cuminzamento di e tuna ak fta
cu na Egipto tin e puesto interino di Hefe di Relacionnan di Personal y Pilates pac Sisndand’ oil
Co. y cu a bini Aruba pa studia e Programa di Relaciénnan di Empleado di Lago. Durante lunanan
reciente el a ricibi training den e departamentonan di Relaciénnan di Empleadonan na e opera-
clénnan doméstico y stranhero di Compania promé cu el a bolbe na su trabao na Egipto. Ariba
ma banda robez, nos ta mira ora cu el a bishita un klas di Training pa Relaciénnan di Trabao pa

hefenan di Colony Service, dirigi pa Abdul Mohid.



“aZzZoOozmo Om meu Hn



A bunch of future Barney Oldfields line up to roar down the Hospital Hill in their speedy soap
box racers. Steel, chromium, glass, and plush make fine automobiles, but these boys are just as
Proud of their scrap lumber, baling wire, and catalyst drum creations.

COMMISSARY Cont. from p. 1.

made with Venezuelan farmers to grow
food for Lago. The Venezuelan govern-
ment at first was reluctant to allow the
Company to take the produce out of the
country, and finally would agree only
if the Company bought food in areas
specified by the government. This was
done, and the project, difficult in all its
phases, was begun.

Since the farmers were spread out
through a considerable area in Venezue-
la and there was no market or depot
at which the produce cou!d be collected
and prepared for shipment, one at Va-
lera had to be established. All the food
has to be gathered at the depot and
from there it is taken in trucks to Ma-
racaibo where it is put on lake tankers.
The first produce to arrive in Valera
remains there until enough has arrivei
to make up a truckload. The food some-
times has to wait a week or more with-
out refrigeration, which causes a coa-
siderable amount of spoilage. When a
load is completed, the eight-hour truck
trip from Valera is started over roads
that are poor and frequently rained out.
When the roads are out, an entire ship-
ment may be a total loss.

When the produce reaches Maracaibo
it is checked and all spoiled food is re-
moved. The shipment is then loaded on
tankers for transportation to Aruba.
Though 1,000 pounds of produce might
be gathered by the various farmers in
Venezuela, the opportunity for spoilage
is so great during the trip over here
that only 100 pounds or so might be
useable on arrival.

In addition to Venezuela, the Domini-

can Republic was investigated as a food
source. The schooner trip down, how-
ever, proved to be too long to maintain
any degree of freshness and the idea
had to be abandoned.

To obtain an adequate supply of su-
gar, since severe shortage in the States
made it impossible to get it there, the
Company had to scour all the local
markets. Santo Domingo is the source
finally arrived at, though attempts to
find sufficient quantities to supply our
needs were made in such places as Vée-
nezuela, Cuba, Argentina, and Peru.

One of the major causes of the local
supply problem is the U. S. government
regulation that requires all orders for
foodstuffs to be placed one year in ad-
vance. Orders are made up quarterly:
that is, all the food to be received dur-
ing the first three months of 1946 had
to be ordered during the first three
months of 1945. As a result, severe
shortages may develop at any time.

For instance, the Commissary may
be ordering 50 cases of an item each
quarter, for a steady demand. If for
some reason the regular demand in-
creases to 75 cases per quarter, the
year-ahead order system makes it a
whole year before the increased demand
can be met.

In past years when meat supplies
were plentiful, it was possible to order
whatever was wanted or needed here



and be sure of getting it. Specific cuts
coud be ordered and in any quantity
wanted. This has changed completely.

Now in order to get the cuts wanted
the whole carcass must be purchased
with no selective buying at all. Natural-
ly some cuts are more popular than
others; spareribs and chops and roasts
sell quickly, other parts may not. A
typical results of this war-created situa-
tion was the recent occasion when the
Commissary had 20,000 pounds of
ground meat on hand.

Employees occasionally come to the
Commissary with the statement that
they were able to buy some fine tomat-
oes from a local merchant and why
couldn’t the Commissary get tomatoes
if the merchant could? The difficulty
lies in the fact that the local source
amounts to only a few kilos a week,
whereas a Commissary serving 6,000
customers needs hundreds of kilos a
week. In fact, it is unlikely that suffi-
cient fresh fruit and vegetable supplizs
can ever be maintained, because such
vast quantities would be needed that
nothing short of a special refrigeration
ship in constant service would suffice
to keep up with the demand.

Even the Venezuelan source of supp-
ly is painfully inadequate. To illustrate
this, during one week recently only 50
kilos of dashines came from Venezuela
while 500 kilos might be needed.

A factor which makes it desirable to
return to the practise of getting all
perisable foods from New York is that
it costs only half as much to get them
from there, with refrigeration, as it does
to get them from Venezuela without re-
frigeration. During the war years as
many as 36 articles were received from
Venezuela; at present, however, only 17
are coming in. And when restrictions on
buying in the States are lifted this
number will be cut further.

Unfortunately the control requiring
orders to be placed twelve months in
advance continues in effect even-

though the war is over. On the brighter
side, though, is the fact that shipping
space is increasing and it is to be hop-
ed that the food situation will approach
normal in the not too distant future and
supplies again will flow in sufficient a-
mounts.



Holland gets a new size of postwar currency and
a Lago girl gets a sample for a birthday present.
The small bill above, pictured with a Curazao
note to show its size, was sent to Theodora
Peeren by an uncle in Holland, for her eleventh
birthday. The new currency was issued immedia-
tely after the liberation, to combat Inflation and
the black market.

Holanda a haya un moneda corriente nobo y un
mucha-muher di Lago ta haya un otro sorto di
regalo pa su anja. E banknoot chikito aki riba
hunto cu un di Curagao pa mustra su grandura,
a bini di un Oom na Holanda pa Theodora Pee-
ren, como su regalo dia cu el a hacl 11 anja. E
moneda correinte nobo a sali unbez despues di
liberacién pa combati Inflation y mercado negro.





ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Wedding bells are soon to chime for Leendert van Windt and Dolly Alfarez. Leendert's fellow-

employees in Colony Service Administration have just finished presenting him with the large

package on the table. Their beaming faces show the good wishes that went with their gift of a

94-ploce set of dishes, accompanied by a card specially engraved by H. E. Garcia of Colony
Operations.

RESCUE

captain promised to wireless Aruba, and
steamed away. He was soon back, say-
ing he had been unable to make contact
but would attempt to get word to
the incoming lake tankers. This time the
ship left them food, water and cigar-
rettes, but when it started away the
small boat was pulled under the stern
and struck by the propellor.

The three sailors didn’t notice till af-
ter the ship was beyond hailing distance
that a hole had been cut in the bow
near the waterline, and from that time,
about 5 o’clock in the afternoon, until
3 o’clock the next morning, they had tu
bail for dear life to keep from sinking.

With all their clothes except swim-
ming trunks used as sails and to stuff
into the hole in the bow, they suffered
from cold and rain squalls as the night
wore on. Several ships passed near them,
but failed to see the flashlight’s blink-

Cont. from page |



Left to right are Gerald Gonsalves and Roy
d'Abreu, rescued mariners. Third member of the
party was Bertram Hadley.

ing. Finally, at 3 a.m., the Government
tug from Curacao came close enough to
see their light, and they were safe at
last. Their boat sank in a few minutes
after they left it.

The tug captain, for whom the
rescued men had the highest praise, said
the S.0.S. summons had come to Cura-
cao from Puerto Rico, possibly turned
in by a plane that passed over them just
before dark. He had left Curacao six
hours before the rescue, knowing their
approximate position and course. He
took them to the pier in Oranjestad, and
the adventure came to a fortunate end-
ing.



3 Empleado di L.O.F a
Salba Despues cu Nan a

Drief 22 Hora Riba Lamar

Aruba su lamar cu normalmente
ta calma, a hera di reclama algun
victima na fin di luna pasa, ora tres
homber cu ta traha na Light Oils a
salba foi un barco cu tabata sink. E
tres hombernan, Roy d’Abreu, Ge-
rald Gonsalves y Bertram Hadley,
tabata tur muha, frieuw y nan a cu-
minza sinti efecto caba di e 22 hora-
nan cu nan tabata exponi, ora cu un
touwboot cu a sali especialmente di
Corsouw a piki nan pa 3’or di mar-
duga dia 28 di November.

E trio a sali un dia promé di Oran-
jestad pa nan bai pisca den barco di
d’Abreu cu yama "Lady Mae”. Lo-
que a scapa nan ta cu nan a sali pa
5’or di marduga y pesei nan mester
a hiba un flashlight. Como nan taba-
tin di traha warda di 4 pa 12, nan
tabatin idea di bai pa algun hora nu-
ma, pero e corriente fuerte pa Zuid-
west di Aruba a hiba nan mas aleuw
cu nan tabata ké bai, y ora cu nan
a cuminza bolbe un awacero cu bien-
to fuerte a kibra e mast principal y
e bela tambe a kibra tur.

Despues cu nan a drecha e bela cu
nan carson- y camisanan, casi e bar-
co no tabata camna, pero nan a haci
senal cu un tanker Inglés cu tabata
sali atardi. Despues cu el a duna nan
poco awa, e captan a priminti nan cu
el lo telegrafia pa Aruba vy el a sigui
bai. Pronto el a bolbe y el a bisa cu
e no a haya contacto cu Aruba, pero
cu el lo avisa e tankernan cu lo bai
drenta. E biaha aki el a duna nan
cuminda, awa y cigaria, pero ora e
tanker a cuminza sali bai, e barco
chikito a worde getrek bao dje y e
chapaleta e dal contra die.

E tres marineronan no a ripara,
sino te ora cu e tanker tabata mucho
leeuw pa nan por tende nan. cu e bar-
co a haya un buraco un banda den
proa. Y di e ora ey. mas 0 menos 5’or
di atardi te casi 3’or di e siguiente
mainta nan mester a chica awa fo’i
e boto pa nan no sink.

Siendo cu tur nan pananan, cu ex-
cepcion di nan badbroek. tabata tra-
ha na bela, y pa tapa e buraco, nan
a sufri di frieuw cu awacero v biento
fuerte segiin cu nochi tabata bai cer-
rando.

Varios barco a pasa banda di nan,
pero nan no a mira e cende-paga di
nan flashlight.

Porfin pa 3’or di marduga, e touw-
boot di Gobierno cu a sali di Cor-
souw a bin basta pega cu el a mira
e luz y porfin nan tabata salba.

Algun minuut despues cu nan a su-
bi e touwboot, "Lady Mae” a dispar-
cé den profundo di lamar.

E captan di e touwboot, pa kende
e naufragonan tabatin masha ala-
banza, a bisa cu e pidimento di auxi-
lio a yega Corsouw di Porto Rico,
posiblemente di un aeroplano cu a
pasa riba nan promé cu bira scur.
El a sali di Corsouw, sabiendo nan
posicién y nan curso y despues di 6
ora cu el a sali, el a salba nan. El a
hiba nan na waf di Oranjestad y e
aventura tabatin un fin menos des-
agradable.

Departmental reporters, each of whom has re-
ceived a personally-inscribed booklet of jour-
nalistic advice, started work last month. Nearly
half of them already have turned in good news
items that might otherwise have been missed,
and it is expected that their help in expanding
the ESSO NEWS! coverage of employee and de-
partmental activities will increase the paper's
appeal to the readers. The Kind of stories re-
porters are turning in shows that they under-
stand their job, and the number of items is an
encouraging sign of their interest. Six of the
group are pictured above. In the top row, left
to sight, are Henwey Hirschfeld of Marine, Mario
Harms of Boiler, Tin & Blacksmith, and Simon
Geerman of the Drydock. In the bottom row are
Henry Nassy of No. 3 Lab., Elsa Mackintosh of
the Dining Halls, and Pedro Odor of Account-
ing Office. (Pictures of others will be published
in succeeding issues). At right is a photograph
of the instruction booklet’s cover.

E sistema nobo di reporters departamental a :u-
minza luna pasé. Cada reporter a haya, cu su
nomber inscribi aden un boeki cu consehonan
periodistico. Casi mitar di e reporternan a man-
da bon nobonan cu podiser lo por a pasa voorbij
si no tabatin reporters. Aki riba nos ta mira
seis di nan. Den e careda di mas atras ta Hen-
wey Hirschfeld di Marine, Mario Harms di Boiler,
Tin & Blacksmith y Simon Geerman di Drydock.
Den e careda di mas adilanti ta Henry Nassy di
Laboratory 3, Elsa Mackintosh di Dining Halls,
y Pedro Odor di Accounting. (Portret di e otro-
nan lo sali den e siguiente numeronan). Na ban-
da drechi nos ta mira un portret di e capa di
e boeki di instrucciones,

Queen Wilhelmina Sends
Thanks for Relief Funds

The contributions made to S.A.N.O.A.
by Lago employees and the Company in
1940 and 1941 began to do their good
work recently, according to a letter of
gratitude received by Governor Kasteel
from Her Majesty Queen Wilhelmina.

Aruba’s contribution to this relief
fund, which was organized shortly after
the invasion of Holland, was Fls. 270,000,
of which the Lago portion was Fils. 142,
146.40.

Her Majesty’s letter asked Governor
Kasteel to convey her sentiments of
gratitude to the population of Aruba,
and said she was "deeply touched by the
sympathy demonstrated with your gift
to war-stricken Holland and its people”.

Her Majesty gave assurance that the
money would be spent in the manner
suggested by the Aruba Committee. it
i ected that the gift will give the
greatest aid to children who are suffer-
ing from tuberculosis as a result of the
war.



Cargo versions of dirigibles to be
built for trans-oceanic flights will carry
180,000 lb. on non-stop runs from San
Francisco to Honolulu, and 110,000 Ib.
from Honolulu to Shanghai. Other mo-
dels include a hospital ship with a ca-
pacity for 248 patients, complete with
all hospital accomodations including an
operating room.

DECEMBER 21, 1945





Io

Long Service Awards
November, 1945
10- YEAR BUTTONS

Thomas Hagerty T.S.D
J.S.A. Moller T.S.D.
Alejandro Harms Accounting
Marie Fortin Personnel
Edwin Marcelin Instrumeit
Henry Berkel Instrument
Jose Dirkz L.O.F.
Ambrosio Tromp L.O.F

Hydro-Alky
Marine Wharves
Machinis

Pipe

James Cooper
Marco Nicolaas
Juancito Kock
Urbano Oduber

20-Year Buttons

Richard Milne sss Ds

An equipment inspector in T.S.D., Rich-
ard Milne was first employed at the
Casper, Wyoming refinery of the Stand-
ard Oil Co. of Indiana May 2, 1925. He
came to Aruba March 11, 1931.

J. H. Ponson Marine

J. H. Ponson was employed by Lago
on October 1, 1925 as a Commissary
clerk. He later transferred to the Ma-
rine Department and became a Marine
checker in 1943.

Dominico Vries Boiler Shop

Dominico Vries was employed on July
31, 1925. He started in the Boiler Shop
and is now a boilermaker "A”.








Work Safely
Every Day

MON. — TUES.

1
6 Ds ge
dan AAS SB
20 ino Ddn we 22
ZS 29

SUN.





JANUARY
1946
WED.

16
23
30

Evira Desgracia
Cada Dia







THUR. FRI. SAT.

De eee LT ria oe
9° = Ost Ve TP
ere.
DA 0D > OO
31









Full Text


VOL.

1
\

6, No. 15









Twenty -two Hours Adrift

normally calm ocearNgame
dangerously close to claiming victim
late last month when three L.O.F. moft

Aruba’s

were
drifting boat that was in a near-sinking

condition. Wet, cold, and beginningâ„¢o_
feel the effects of 22 hours exposure,

the three, Roy d’Abreu, Gerald Gonsal-

ves, and Bertram Hadley, were picked

up at 3 a.m. Noventber 28 by a tug

specially dispatched fromm Curacao.

The trio had set out from Oranjestad
on a fishing trip in d’Abret’s boat, the
"Lady Mae”, at 5 a.m. the day before.
They may owe their lives to\the fact
that they started before dawn, ‘and so
had a flashlight in the boat. Working
4 to 12 shift, they had planned to\be
out only a few hours, but the strong
current southwest of the island took
them farther than they ‘intended to go,
and about the time they wanted to
start back a squall broke the mainsail’s
sparj~and the sail tore badly.

Barely able_to keep headway with a
sail patched with«txro1 and shirts,
they were able to sitiiat.an outbound _
British ocean tanker late ‘in_the after-
noon. After giving them some Water, the






Continued on BageoGen

La Reina Wilhelmina ta Expresa
Gratitud na Pueblo di Aruba pa
Nan Contribuciénnan
na S.A. N.O. A.

Na Holanda nan ta haciendo bon
uso-di e contribuciénnan cu emplea-

donan di Lago y Compania mes a ;/

haci na S.A.N.O.A. na anja 1940 y/
1941, segtin un carta di gratitud cy

su Mahestad La Reina Wilhelmina/,

a dirigi na Gouverneur Kasteel. /
Aruba su contribucién na e fof
di socorro aki, cu a worde organiza
poco despues di invasion di Holanda,
a suma Fils. 270,000 y di esaki
Fls. 142,146.40 a worde contribui pa

Lago y su empleadonan.

E carta di La Reina fa pidi Gou-
verneur Kasteel di comunica su sin-
timento di gratitud na Pueblo di
Aruba, y el a bisa cu e ta masha con-
movi pa e simpatia demonstra door
di e regalo aki na Holanda y na su
Pueblo cu a sufri tanto cu guerra.

Su Mahestad a sigura cu nan lo
usa e placa di e moda cu e Comité
di Aruba ta proponé.

F. Men Saved After

rescued 20 miles at sea fropia——rent=or









Anew spiriteg Chrisiias manifests it.
Self this year. Six\timegs “fhe-obsbrvance

‘warty and evén those| wh, eis. Kontunste’ Z

enough to be untouched) by_the swat’s

Tenis or siintaws, tone! there-conld
Tro-beat Christin: wh




SS
grip?

is gone, and there is Sened hope Tie
happier days. It is in this prospect, that
hardships may diminish and that men’s
ggod will towards}; men may soon be re-
established, that I extend good/ wishes
for Christmas =f the New Year.

eal Hlorigan

Ta reina un ane nobo di Pascu e
anja aki. Seis bez e\dia sagrado tabata
tapa bao nubianan seur di guerra y has-
ta esnan cu Satin Vortune di a keda
sin sufri e penhanan cu guerra ta trece,
tabata sinti cu no por\tin un Pascu ber-
dadero mientras cu e lucha ta sigui.

Cu intraquilidad y sufrimento di e mi-
lesnan di hénde aki na\ mundo, un be:
-dadero Paz/ na Tera no\ ta _existi-ainda,—
pero e amenaza di mays grandi a worde
deshaci y atrobe tin gperanza pa dianan
mas feliz.den future. ge a
~ Den speranza\/eu Sufrimentonan lo
mehgua y cu-bor boluntad lo reiria atro-
be denYhendengn un\pa otG, mi ta ex-
tendé fmi deséonanh pa\un Bon Pascu y
un Wéliz Ayija Nobo. \



ae SB re Bo, SUT RANSPORT co. LTO

Wel

JotAhe holy)/day\y xs \eibuiled over bx) Sees Food Facilities

———

\\ have road pérformance octane of 81.



_ DECEMBER





E.A.C. Sub-Committee

And Supply Problems

The Plant Commissary sub-committee
of the Employees’ Advisory Committee,
Erskine Anderson, Pedro Brook ana
Joaquin Maduro, aceompanied J.J. Aba-
die of Colony Seryice and Clifton Mon-

roe of Personnel on a tour of cold
storage and gommissary facilities De-
cember 11, afd at the same time dis-



f

cussed with’ Commissary personnel the
special préblems involved in supplying
food for/Lago’s thousands of employees.

Sevefal factors outstanding during
the War years cut down the quantity
available and affected the quality of tne
fruits and vegetables obtained.
‘ Hindered by a lack of shipping space,
and due to the U.S. Army’s taking the
large quantities of foodstuffs it needed,
not to mefition Government Lend-Lease
commitments, Arwha’s food supply was
at times meagre.

To try to counteract this inability to
obtain fresh foods, arrangerients were

Continued on Page 7




Better~Gasoline Now Available
Sifce Ban on Sale Is Lifted

Wartime restrictions- required all oil
companies the world over to market
gasoline for civilian use with an octane
number not to exceed 70 A.S.T.M. This
restriction has existed since January
1942, and was instituted as a measur?
to conserve higher_octane material and
tetraethyl-lead for militery require-
ments. =

This restriction has now been lifted
and effective at once, the motor gasoline
marketed in the Carribean area will

This change should be welcome news
to Lago employees as well as motorists
the world over who have been using the

war-time grade during the past 3 years.

The new grade is now being dispense |
at all Esso filling stations.

In This Tesue -

January calendar: page 8.
Commissary supply problems:
Additional Thrift contribution:

page 1.
page 2.

"Cat cracking” — how it’s done: pages

4 and 5.
Lago Club show: page 6. 7)
A new feature, "Around the Plant”:

page 7.




Arua @sO News |

PUBLISHED AT ARUBA, N. W.1., BY THE
LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD.

The next issue of the Arusa Esso News will be distributed
Friday, January 11. All copy must reach the editor in

the Personnel building by Friday noon, January 4

Telephone 523

Printed by The Curacao Courant, Curacao, N.W.L



When one tree makes a forest

Trains passing through wooded areas have been
known to start large and disastrous forest fires. A bad-
ly wired toy electric train can do the same thing in
Aruba at Christmas time. Although the island is short
on wooded areas, a Christmas tree in a bungalow will
serve very well to start a beautiful fire.

Possibility of damage through fire increases
greatly at Christmas time, with flammable decorations

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Simon Coronel
Bipat Chand
Sattaur Bacchus
Gordon Ollivierre
Luciano Wever
Henwey Hirschfeld
Simon Geerman
Iphil Jones
Erskine Anderson
Sam Viapree
Fernando da Silva
Bertie Viapree
Hugo de Vries
Pedro Odor
Mrs. Ivy Butts
Jacinto de Kort
Henry Nassy
Harold Wathey
Mrs. M. A. Mongroo
Elsa Mackintosh
(Not yet selected)
Thomas Leverock
Calvin Hassell
Federico Ponson
Thomas Larmonie
Edgar Connor
Mario Harms
Cade Abraham
Jan Oduber
John Francisco
Jose La Cruz
Vanisha Vanterpoot
Ricardo Van Blarcum
Claude Bolah
Hubert Ecury

all through the houses and on some of the costumes

that might be worn. Elaborate decorations in bunga-
lows are often a serious fire hazard and care should be
taken to see that this kind of danger is kept to a mini-

mum,

A few safety precautions with regard to electri-
cal tixtures and tree lights will help to eliminate
fire hazard. A sound, undamaged or unworn lighting
system for a tree should give little trouble. But if a set
of lights is old and worn, with frayed wiring or broken
plugs, possibility of a short circuit is always present

and fire can result easily.

Hazards such as these increase during the holi-

i



day season. A wise person knows this and acts accor-

dingly so that he will have no ''forest fires" in his house

to mar the holiday fun.



‘Departmental





‘Reporters

Hospital

Storehouse
Instrument

Electrical

Labor

Marine Office
Drydock

Receiving & Shipping
Acid & Edeleanu
wcecicky L. 0. F
eee Pressure Stills
C.T.R. & Field Shops
T.S.D. Offices
Accounting
Powerhouse 1 & 2
Laboratories 1 & 2
Laboratory 3

Lago Police

Esso & Lago Clubs
$ou2 Dining Halls (3)
Hydro-Alky

Gas & Poly Plants

M. & C. Offico

Masons & Insulators
Carpenter & Paint
Machine Shop
Blacksmith, Boiler & Tin

Pipe

Welding

Colony Commissary
Plant Commissary
Laundry

Colony Service Office
Colony Shopa
Garage

toeee
soees

(Stars after a name Indicate that that reporter has turned in a tip
for this Issue). |



No, it's not a ghost. This blithe spirit is the artist's symbol of the catalyst

that makes the cat cracker a modern marvel of gasoline production. Moro
about him and what he does will be found on pages 4 and 5.

Company Contributes Nearly One Million Guilders
Additional to the Lago and Overseas Thrift Plans

Credits Made to Participants
Accounts as in Previous Years

Additional contributions of approxi-
mately Fis. 945,000 by the Company to
participants in the Lago Thrift Plan
and Overseas Thrift plan were announc-
ed December 1. This is in addition to
the amounts contributed regularly by
the Company to each employee’s thrift
account.

While there is no guarantee of addi-
tional contributions embodied in the pro-
visions of either plan, the Company
makes such extra sums available whea
earnings, cash position, and other fac-
tors justify it. The present grant of
nearly one million guilders is the
seventh such special contribution to be
made in seven years.

As in the past, each participant’s
thrift account will be credited with a
fixed sum, plus a percentage of the total
he and the Company have contributed
over the past year.

With 4,816 employees entered in the
two plans (97.8 per cent of those eligible
for the Lago Thrift Plan, and 98.3 per
cent eligible for the Overseas Plan) the
distribution of the extra credits will be
of benefit to nearly all employees of the
Company.



Dia 1 di December a worde anuncid
eu Compania lo concede contribucion-
nan adicional di Fls. 945,000 na tur par-
ticipantenan den Lago Thrift Plan i
Overseas Thrift Plan. Esaki ta fuera di
e sumanan, cual regularmente ta worde
carga door di Compania na cuenta di ca-
da participante den Thrift Plan.

Aunque no tin ningun garantia oa
eontribucionnan adicional inclui den
cualquier di e dos plannan, Compaiia ta
pone tal sumanan extra disponibel pa e
proposito aki ora cu ganamentonan, po-
sicion financiera, i otro factornan por
hustifica esey. E donacion actual di casi
un millon di florin ta e di seite contri-
bucion especial cu lo worde concede du-
rante seite afia.

Manera anterior, un suma fiho lo wor-
de carga na fabor di cada participante
den Thrift Plan, mas un percentaje di ¢
total cu tanto e empleado como Com-

pania a contribui durante e ultimo ana
cu a pasa.

Cu un total di 4,816 empleado den e
dos planan aki (97.8 por ciento di es-
nan eligibel pa Lago Thrift Plan, i 98.3
por ciento eligibel pa Overseas Thrift
Plan) e distribucion di e créditonan ex-
tra lo ta un beneficio pa casi tur emplea-
donan di Compania.

-News

A new production record was set by
Creole recently when they produced ap-
proximately 54 per cent of the total
daily production in Venezuela. Creole's
share in the industry-wide production of
1,020,000 barrels per day was 555,544
barrels.

A theoretical physics group has been
formed by the Standard Oil Develop-
ment Company, among whose assiga-
ments will be investigating the indus-
trial possibilities of atomic energy. In
addition to exploratory research work,
they will aid other groups on matheme-
tical and physical problems.

F. W. Abrams, a director of S. O. Co.
(N. J.), has accepted the chairmanship
of the petroleum division of the Ameri-
can Red Cross drive for 1946.

Captain F. V. Lowden, recently r2-
leased from the U.S. Coast Guard and
a veteran of World War I also, has been
named veterans’ coordinator of S.O. Co.
(N.J.) and its affiliates. He will be re-
sponsible for implementing the com-
pany’s policy of reinstatement of return-
ed veteran-employees.

Richardson Pratt, assistant treasurer
and head of the budget department of
the parent company, has resigned to de-
vote his full time to varied personal in-
terests. He is succeeded in the budget
department by Dr. C. L. Burrill, former
assistant professor of accounting of
Harvard.



Noted Radio Artist of Trujillo
Now Works in Marine Department

If you were listening to the radio in
New York and heard the name Leslie
announced over the air it would probably
mean that you were about to hear some
fine piano music. But if you were in the
Marine office Leslie would turn out io
be Emelindo Leonor.

Emelindo has been working in the
Marine Department since August of this
year but previous to that time he had
carved out quite a niche for himself in
the world of music. Emelindo’s professio-

Emelindo Leonor

nal name, '’Leslie’ has been famous for
a long time in Santo Domingo, where ne
had his own orchestra "'Orquesia Cari-
be”, in Ciudad Trujillo and played over
stations HIZ and HIG. While in New
York he was heard over WJZ and WNYC
and in several of the nightclubs.

In addition to his orchestra work Eme-
lindo has done a great deal of teaching
and concert work both in the States and
Santo Domingo.

A former government rubber authori-
ty predicts that by 1950 the quality of
synthetic rubber, whose base is a pe-
troleum derivative, should be at least
equal to that of natural rubber, and
low-cost plants should be able to sell
it for 15 cents a pound including an
adequate profit and return on _invest-
ment.

DECEMBER 21, 1945



The Inquiring Reporter

Over 4,000 men and women signed up
in the new vacation plan, which gives
longer vacations and contributes Com-
pany money to an employee’s savings
for vacation. The ESSO NEWS believes
it may be interesting to readers to see
what fellow-employees think of the plan
and what they propose to do with their
time and money. Here are some of the
opinions:

"Sure it’s a good
thing”, said Remi-
gio Franken of T.S.
D. "It gives emplo-
yees enough time
and money to travel
during the long va-
cation. Previously
not too many people
were able to travel,
now just about
everyone can.” He didn’t have any plans
for when his long vacation is due.

Herbert Hengeveid,
of the Cable office,
who under the new
policy has seven
weeks vacation due
next December, he-
lieves the plan ig
excellent. Herbert
plans to take in the
sights in Caracas
during his vacation
next year.

John Marugg of
Accounting, said
that he thought the
plan was good and
believed the three
per cent Company
contribution would
go a long way to-
wards helping em-
ployees spend more
enjoyable vacations

In the Storehouse,
F.M. Guevara said,
"Yes the plan ix
good. I'll probably
go home to Trinidad
when I get my long
vacation. I haven’t
been there in four
years.”



"The plan is fine,”
stated George Law-
rence of the Gas
Plant. "I’m going
to save my vacation
time and take a
good long one.”
George plans to pay
for his newly-
bought house then
go out and blow the
lid off on a trip home to British Guiana.



PETROFACTS

It is believed Japan and all her con-
quered territories did not produce more
than 65,000,000 bbl. of oil a year. The
state of Texas alone produces approxi-
mately 800,000,000, or about 13 times
as much.

The longest string of oil-well casing
in the world is more than 214 miles long
in a Louisiana Gulf Coast test well. It
was cemented with 1,000 sacks of ce-
ment mixed in only 53 min.

Oil fields of the world actually are
graveyards of animals and plants which
have been subjected to millions of years
of heat and pressure beneath the earth’s
surface.

In one area of Shensi province, north
China, primitive oil wells produce 4 or
5 bbl. a day by pumps entirely hand-
operated.

A legislative proposal in the Bahamas,
BWI, would authorize the British gov-
ernment to explore for oil on 19 of the
20 islands in the group.







ee

a
DECEMBER..21, 1945 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 3

NEWS ?*¢





7100 am. weather forecast: Rain any minute. Parce cu awa ke yobe di un ora pa otro.



Taking and giving signals through the ropes to a diver under water, Alberto

Rinconos ta traha como yudador di buzo na e reparacionnan na Drydock cu

repairs recently completed. Handling an exacting job, he did the work for

several months after the regular Crandall Engineering man had to leave be-
cause of illness.

Bunande y tumando sinjainan na buzo bao di awa door di cabuyanan, Alberte
Rincones ta traha como yudador di buzo na e reparaciOnnan na Drydock cu
a bini cla recientemente. El a haci e job cu masha exactitud hopi funanan
largo despues cu e homber cu tabatin di Crandall Engineering mester a bal

pa via di enfermedad. Don't try this one before brea!
fast. Tbe double-jointed trick
being done by Edwin Bernez,
brother of St. George Bernez of
Material Accounting. When not ty-
ing bimself in knots, Edwin stud-
les medicine at McGill University

in Canada.





December winds bring snow to this Company
tank farm at Hallowell, Maine, (left) and snow
means hard work with a shovel if gauges are to



be read. December in Aruba, on the other hand, -h
(above) means mopping the brow as usual. cca tan ehedenatn ens
di St. George Bernez di Material
Accounting.



Parks

Diptemas went to 19 graduates In the Electrical
Job Training Course November 29, with W. L.
Ewart making the presentations. The men started
thelr class in September, 1944, with Franklin
Brews as lostructor, and in the 175 hours of
festruction they studied practically all the
electrical equipment of the refinery. Shown at
right after the graduation ceremonies, they are,
lw the back row left to right, G. Scott, F. Ed-
wards, N. Mathews, S. Alleyne, T. Nicholson, J.
Leysner, J. Tyrrel, N. Johnson, L. Lopez, B. Co-
ranj front row, F. Monte, H. Lancaster, M. Krind,
R. Tedd, C. Held, H. Bentham, G. Rawlins, S.
Geerman, F. Luidens, F. Brown (instructor).




Pulverized Catalyst

Produces IOO Octane

How "Fluid'' Catalyst works in a giant
cracking unit producing the 100 Octane
which was so valuable in winning the war.
The white clay powder mixed with heated
petroleum vapor produces the miracle
fuel that enabled our planes to climb fas-
ter, higher and maneuver more successful-

ly than those of the Japs and Nazis.

Though the American petroleum in-
dustry is the largest in the world, it
could not have achieved a daily produc-
tion of more than 500,000 barrels of
100 octane gasoline without the relati-
vely new refinery process, catalytic
cracking. The newest and simplest form
of catalytic cracking — and today the
major cracking method used in the pro-
duction of 100 octane gasoline — is
known as the Fiuid catalyst process.

A Fluid catalyst unit is an awe-in-
spiring but highly docile chemical ma-
chine, towering in some cases to a
height of 200 feet, with its huge steel
drums and its labyrinthine pipelines
standing open to the weather. In fuil
operation, with its powdered catalyst
whirling in a white storm in the reactor,
the exterior of the great machine is mo-
tionless and all but soundless. It is ap-
parently unattended by human hands.
It looks idle. There is nothing in its ex-
terior to indicate the huge scale of
operations within its walls — nothing
except the dials, meters and gauges on
the long panel in the control room,
where a small crew controls the mon-
ster’s hourly intake of air, gas, live
steam, catalyst, oil and water.

And yet, idle though it appears, its
production of raw materials for 100 oc-



THE CATALYST HAD
To BE CLEANED.....

EITHER IN
FIXED BEDS”....

OR CARRIED ON
MOVING BEDS.”
BUT BOTH METHODS

HAD CERTAIN LIMITATIONS

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

"F_LUID' CATALYST

AVIATION GASOLINE FROM A DUST STORM

tane gasoline makes it a key contributor
to the mastery of the skies which the
Allies have won in this first major air
war in history.

IT IS A LONG STEP from the black
crude oil to a clear green-dyed product
as highly synthetic as 100 octane avia-

tion gasoline. This is a very different
fuel from ordinary gasoline formerly
obtained by distillation alone. Distilla-

tion averaged 20 barrels of gasoline for
every 100 barrels of crude. The yield
has since been doubled by subjecting the
heavier fractions of the crude to high
temperatures and varying pressures so
as to “crack” their heavy molecules
into the lighter and more volatile mole-
cules of gasoline. This process, known
as “cracking,” has made it possible to
obtain as much as 45 barrels of gasoline
from 100 barrels of crude.

The early application of cracking
made use of heat and pressure alone. It
increased the gasoline yield, and as soon
as knock was identified as a charac-
teristic of the fuel, cracked gasoline was
found to possess an improved anti-knock
quality. However, for two reasons this
process of thermal cracking could not be
applied to aviation gasoline: (1) the
improvement in anti-knock quality was



‘“S
if =
4 =
=a—=








not enough, and (2) cracked gasoline
was not sufficiently susceptible to te-
traethyl lead.

For both of these reasons, the techni-
cians worked for some time to improve
the cracking process and a solution in-
volving the use of a catalyst, and hence
known as catalytic cracking, was being
Geveloped when the war came. The use
of a catalyst made it possible to control
the cracking reaction and so to produce
a gasoline higher in octane rating and
more susceptible to tetraethyl lead. Ca-
talytic cracking produces more than 50
per cent of the enormous volume of 100
octane gasoline pouring from American
refineries today.

THE CATALYST was a claylike solid
which had to be brought into contact
with the vaporized oil during the crack-
ing reaction. It could be used indefini-
tely. But the cracking reaction coated
its surface with coke and thus made it
inactive. Periodically, its surface had to
be cleaned. There were two ways of
doing this. The flow of oil vapor could
be stopped in order to allow the catalyst
to be cleaned, or the catalyst could be
removed from the stream of oil vapor
and cleaned before it was returned to
duty. The former was known as_ the
fixed-bed catalyst process, the latter as
the moving bed process.

IN BOTH PROCESSES, the catalyst
was cleaned by passing air over it, tte
temperature in the regenerator being
such that the air had the effect of burn-
ing off the coke. The principle was the
same in both processes, but the mecha-
nics differed. The handling of very large
masses of catalyst and the minimizing
of the losses of catalyst were problems
of great difficulty, and only during the
last few years have they been solved.

The fixed-bed process now uses _ its
catalyst in the form of pellets lying on
fixed trays in the large vertical steel

BUT THE CATALYST
BECAME DIRTY IN
THE PROCESS, AND

LOST ITS DOWER,
TOCONTROL «6G
CRACKING.

DECEMBER 21, 1945

drum, called the reactor, in which the
cracking reaction takes place. As soon
as the catalyst is fouled, the incoming
stream of vaporized oil is valved to an-
other reactor in order to permit the
catalyst to be regenerated. This type of
cracking necessarily makes use of seve-
ral reactors,

Two types of the moving-bed process
have been developed. One type provides
continuous operation with a single re-
actor and conveying it by means of a
mechanical conveyor to the regenerator
where it is burned clean before being
cycled back to the reactor.

THE OTHER TYPE of moving-bed
and one of the most revolutionary sohe
tions of the catalyst problems, is known
as the Fluid process, and was devised
by the Standard Oil Development Com-
pany, research and development affil-
iate of Standard Oil Company (N.J.). It
has the advantage of providing conti-
nuous operation without mechanical
conveyors or other moving parts. Its
basic technique is the handling of the
powdered catalyst so that it is always
in a fluidized condition and can be made
to flow from one part of the unit to an-
other like water.

The catalyst looks like pulverized
chalk and is slightly coarser than tal-
cum powder. Several hundred tons of it
are constantly circulating through the
vessels and pipes of a Fluid plant. It has
been estimated that the aggregate sur-
face of the tiny particles which flow
through a large unit in the course of a
day is equal to the entire ground area
of the United States. And yet no pumps
or other mechanical devices are needed
to circulate it. Standpipes give it down-
ard pressure and streams of gas give
it upward flow.

From its standpipe, the hot catalyst
powder, then at a temperature of be-
tween 1000° and 1200° Fahrenheit,
pours into the incoming stream of vapo-
rized oil at the prodigious rate of a box-
car load every minute. The vapor thus
enters the reactor as a cloudy white
mass in which every molecule of the
vapor is in contact with some particle
of the catalyst powder.

THE CRACKING REACTION reaches
its height in the bubbling and_ boiling
mass of catalyst powder wich fills
two-thirds of the reactor. The vapor
forces its way up through this dense
mass of catalyst powder which fills
whole mass into violent agitation and
producing the veritable cyclone in 2
cylinder which is characteristic of the
Fluid process. The incoming vapor forces
the fresh white catalyst in at the bottom
of the mass, and the cracked vapors,
laden with clouds of blackened catalyst
from the top of the mass, swirl into the
big outgoing pipeline at the top of the
reactor.

Just after they leave the reactor, the
cracked vapors enter a separator where
their burden of fouled catalyst drops
out and falls into the regenerator to be
burned clean at temperatures between
1000° and 1200°. The white reactivated
catalyst is then cycled back to its stand-
pipe, and this continuous circulation, a
kind of perpetual motion, summarizes
the mechanics of the Fluid process.
Meanwhile, the clean cracked vapors
pursue their separate course to the frac-
tionating tower where their high octane
components are distilled off and con-
densed.

It is then that the indispensability of
catalytic cracking to the war program
becomes plain. The gasolines it produces



eee



|
DECEMBER 21, 1945

are higher in anti-knock value and in
other characteristics essential to avia-
tion fuel than gasolines obtained by
cracking without a catalyst. They necd
less processing to produce a high octane
base stock for 100 octane gasoline, Tie
yield of iso-butane and butylene gases,
used in the production of the blending
agent for 100 octane, is far greater than
is obtainable by thermal cracking. More-
over, catalytic cracking produces some
of the raw materials for synthetic rub-
ber.

FLUID CATALYST CRACKING be-
came the leading cracking process in the
war program. But at the time the Stan-
dard Oil Development Company began
its experiments with catalytic cracking
half a dozen years ago, fixed-bed or
stationary catalytic cracking was the
accepted method. The catalyst was in
the form of lumps or pills.

Initial tests carried out in Standard’s
laboratories were literally on a_ half-
pint scale. A number of small units
were set up consisting of catalyst con-
tainers through which oil vapors could
be passed and from which the cracked
gasoline could be withdrawn. Hundreds

ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Again, after several months of inten-
sive effort, the engineering details of the
process were worked out on this pilot
plant and plans for a 13,000-barrel-a-
day commercial plant began to go onto
the drafting boards. By that time, the
Standard Oil Development Company’s
catalytic cracking work had added up to
the continued endeavor over a two-year
period of probably 400 individuals and
nearly $1,000,000 had been spent on the
pilot plants.

Just as the construction of the 13,090-
barrel-a-day unit was about to begin,
there came one of those moments which
gladden the hearts of research workers.
By tying together all the work on pow-
dered catalyst, it became clear that if
the proper amount of gas (either o1!
vapors or air or steam) were mixed
with the catalyst, it became fluidized
and could be handled like water or oil.

Further, it became evident that this
“fluid,” composed of catalyst and vapor,
could be made heavier or lighter as de-
sired simply by changing the amount of
vapor added to the catalyst and by con-
trolling the speed at which the new fluid
moved. This technique of changing the
density of the fluid could be used

WHEN THE CATALYST
APPEARED, CRACKING
OF OlL MOLECULES

COULD BE
CONTROLLED....

TO GIVE GASOLINE
MOLECULES OF THE
RIGHT SIZE AND SHA
FOR HIGH-OCTANE
GASOLINE



of catalysts and dozens of oil stocks
were tested with results so favorable
that it appeared desirable to step up

operations and to begin thinking about
how to overcome the difficulties inherent
in the fixed-bed type of operation.

The size of the organization concerned
with the development of this process
soon grew from a few technical men to
a very large team of more than 100
chemists, chemical engineers and mecha-
nical engineers who worked together
with several hundred operators, analysts
and mechanics. Work was then procee:l-
ing on the designs of a large fixed-bed
plant, and in order to miss no bets, it
was decided that part of the organiza-
tion should work on alternative techni-
ques which offered the promise of being
better than the fixed-bed type of plant.
Experiments with these entirely diffe-
rent methods again were begun on a
very small scale and it soon became ap-
parent that the use of powdered catalyst
would enable the plant to be more easily
built and operated.

THE LABORATORY ‘TESTS with
powdered catalyst were soon being seru-
tinized by all the chemists and engi-
neers involved, and a 100-barrel-a-day
pilot plant using powdered catalyst was
built. In its operation, catalyst from a
hopper was forced by a screw conveyor
into a vaporized oil stream, and the
mixture of catalyst and oil vapor was
sent through a heated coil where the
cracking took place.

through a system of standpipes_ to
generate any desired pressure at any
particular point in the system, and by
proper manipulation could circulate the
catalyst through the unit without mov-
ing parts.

HERE WAS A REALLY REVOLU-
TIONARY idea. It was recognized at
once that by the time these new princi-
ples were put into operation, still further
simplification and ease of operation were
bound to result. Again the 100-barrel-
a-day pilot plant was completely rebuilt
to put these new principles into effect.
As war was then clearly approaching,
the engineering factors were establish-
ed in a relatively short operation of the
pilot plant, and development moved di-

rectly to the building of the 13,000-
barrel-a-day unit.
Despite the risk involved, the first

Jarge unit proved completely successful
and development was hurried on to its
goal, the designing and constructing of
large commercial units. The extent of
engineering work needed to design a big
commercial plant may be judged from
the fact that one of the first of them
took 125,000 man-hours of engineering
work alone. This engineering work cost
about $500,000 and was in addition to
the tremendous sums already spent on
research and development. By this time
the Standard Oil Development Company
bad put a total of more than 5,000,000
manhours of research, development and
engineering endeavor into the creation

SCIENTISTS OF STANDARD O/L CO.(NEW JERSEY)
FOUND THAT IF THE CATALYST WAS IN THE
FORM OF A FINE POWRER IT COULD

BE MADE TO FLOW BETWEEN

THE CRACKING AND CLEANING

ZONES WITHOUT THE USE

OF MOVING PARTS



of the Fluid catalyst process. Contribu-
tions to the development work have also
been made by the Standard Oil Company
(Indiana), the M. W. Kellogg Company,
The Texas Corporation, the Universal
Oil Products Company and the Shell Oil
Company; and the patents which cover
the Fluid process have since been made
available to the entire industry by the
Standard Oil Development Company.

THE FLUID PROCESS HAS GROWN
in a remarkably short time from the
laboratory to the first commercial plant
which went into operation in May 1942
at the Baton Rouge refinery of the
Standard Oil Company of New Jersey.
The first commercial unit was over 100
times larger than the previous _ pilot
plants. In spite of the growth in size,
the development of the process has been
marked by a continuous simplification;
and today 32 Fluid catalyst plants are
either operating or nearing completion.
In the number of its plants, the Fluid
process leads the other catalytic crack-
ing processes by substantial margins.

The Fluid process is not merely a war
process. Its simplicity and _ flexibility
make it certain that it presents a new
tool which is as good today in peace as it
was yesterday in war. The new fluid
"eat" crackers can readily be converted
to the production of high octane moter
gasoline in slightly greater volume than
their aviation gasoline capacity. In
addition to motor gasoline, they will
simultaneously produce fuel oil of the
type used in domestic furnaces. It is
estimated that when producing motor
fuel to capacity, a single large Fluid plant
will also produce enough fuel oil every
day to heat 100 average homes for a
year.

Moreover, it would be a mistake to
regard Fluid catalyst cracking as just
another refinery process. The new and
revolutionary chemical engineering prin-
ciples which it embodies are likely to
find widespread application in other iz-
dustries. Its basic principle is capable of
so many applications that it is impos-
sible to envisage the changes which even-
tually it may bring to our lives.

THE PROCESS OF

MOVING THE CATALYST
FROM WHERE {IT P/iD
ITS WORK 7O WHERE
IT WAS CLEANED AND

BACK AGAIN CONTINUOUSL
WAS GREATLY SIMPLIFIED


ARUBA ESSO NEWS

DECEMBER 21, 1945





By popular acclaim the best
show ever presented at the
Lago Club, the Follies
Varieté sponsored by the
Advisory Committee Decem-

ber 1 hit a new high in
songs, dances, costumes,
and the romantic scenery

painted by W. J. Downer of
the Lake Fleet.

Above, the Brazilian num-

ber was one of the most
urgently encored.

At right, the colorfully-
costumed Gypsy number
was a hit.

Shown below, the Calypso
singers nearly brought dowa
the house.

Seafaring Pup is off Again

Some of Lago’s people can claim to
have travelled a lot of sea miles on many
different tankers, but a Lago dog out-
strips them all. He hasn’t been around
the world yet and he hasn’t seen the
Pacific, but name a port on either side
of the north or south Atlantic and the
chances are he’s been there.

Rex, our wire-haired hero, barked his
first bark on Aruba in August of '39.
Nine months later he weighed his anchor
and sailed away with Captain August
Busch on the SS "R.P. Resor’, which
was later torpedoed. Rex’s next
ship was the "Paul H. Harwood” on
which he ran coastwise between New
York and Texas ports. Captain Busch
then took Rex on board the "G.G. Henry”
and he really started getting around,
making several trips to the Canary
Islands and Spanish Morocco.

When the war started, Captain Busch,
not wanting Rex to lose his life at sea,
brought him back to Aruba. Rex stayed
with Max Josephson during the war and
waited for the Captain to return to Arv-
ba and take him back to sea.

One day recently the "A.C. Bedford”
stopped here and on it was Captain
Busch. Rex, again sniffing the see
breezes, is off to Buenos Aires and
points north, south, east, and west.

A steamship’s fuel oil consumption
increases roughly with the cube of its
speed. A capital ship burning 700 bbls.
per day at a speed of 12 knots would
use 900 bbls. at 15 knots; 1200 at 18;
1700 at 20 and 3800 at 25.



New Type Show is Hit at Lago Heights Club



An enthusiastic crowd received the
Lago Heights Advisory Committee’s
review "Folies Varieté” at the Lago
Heights Club on the night of December
1. The cast was big, the costumes love-
ly, and the show moved along at a near-
professional pace. From the opening
chorus ,,Hello, Hello, Hello” to the last
strains of the closing number, the show
was a smash hit.

M.C.’d by Fernando Da Silva, the

show contained twenty-one numbers.
There were amusing sketches, catchy
songs, and snappy dances, and they

were all headline material.

This was in large part due to the ef-
forts of the producer, Winnie Rohee,
and the co-producer Mrs, C. McDonald,
who also acted as dancing instructor.

The house was packed, with nearly
300 tickets sold. Later on in the evening
standing was allowed in the rear, which
served to fill the auditorium even more
if that were possible.

Humphrey Linscheer’s orchestra do-
nated the music for the performance
and did a very commendable job. The
accompanists for some of the musical
numbers were E Renado and W. Rego.

Guests of the Club and enjoying the
performance were B. Teagle of the In-
dustrial Relations Department, Yousef
Waffa of the Standard Oil Co. of Egypt,
A. Wetherbee of the Clubs, and Cliff
Monroe of the Personnel Department.

After the show the entertainment
shifted to dancing.



FOOTBALL STANDINGS
(Through December 16)

Aloe League

Plyd. Won Lost Tied Pts.

Col. Serv. Adm. 7 a 0 0 14
Personnel 6 3 1 2 8
Machinists 5 2 0 3 7
Gas-Poly 5 3 1 als 7
Storehouse 6 1 3 2 +
Dining Halls $ 1 2 1 3
Training 6 1 4 1 a
Press. Stills 6 0 4 2 2
Marine 5 0 3 0 v0
Divi Divi League

Plyd. Won Lost Tied Pts.
Utilities 6 6. 0 0 12
L.O.F. 6 5 0 1 11
Welding 5 4 0 1 9
Drydock 5 2 2 a 5
Commissaries 5 2 3 0 4
Accounting 4 1 2 1 3
R.& S&S. a 1 6 0 2
T.S.D. 6 1 5 0 2
Hydro-Alky SO 0 0

| NEW ARRIVALS |

A daughter, Sheila Patricia, to Mr, and Mrs.
Irad Benjamin, November 10.

A daughter, Candace Barbara, to Mr. and Mrs.
Ethelbert Oliver, November 10.

A son, Alaster Augustus, to Mr. and Mrs, Ja-
mes John, November 11.

A son, William Patrick, to Mr. and Mrs. Wil-
liam Eagan, November 11.

A daughter, Joyce Cynthia, to Mr.
Augustin Charles, November 11.

A daughter, Ana Maria, to Mr. and Mrs. Julio
Shulterbrandt, November 12.

A daughter, Angelica Maria, to Mr.
Prospero Rojas, November 13.

A daughter, Belica Placida,
Winrick Ellis, November 14.

A daughter, Shirley Filomena, to Mr. and Mrs.
Rafael Wever, November 14.

A daughter, Lucia Filomena, to Mr. and Mrs.



and Mrs.

and Mrs.

to Mr. and Mrs.

Bruno Maduro, November 15.
A son, Tim Choy Winston, to Mr. and Mrs.
James Ahlip, November 17.

A son, Paul Apolinario, to Mr. and Mrs. Juan







Werleman, November 17.

A daughter, Rosalind Joyce, to Mr. and Mrs.
Philip Hodge, November 18.

A daughter, Vitorine Eveline, to Mr. and Mrs.
Ludwig Cornes, November

A son, Leandre Alberique, te Mr. and Mes.

Guillaume Arvindell, November 22.

A daughter, Filomena Rosa Maria, to Mr. and
Mrs. Luciano Wever, November 23.

A daughter, Mary Louise, to Mr. and Mrs. Do-
nald Hassell, November 24.

A son, Albrecht Reginald, to Mr. and Mrs.
George James, November 23.
A son, Albert Stanley, to Mr. and Mrs, Va-

lerio Kock, November 25.

A son, Roy Rupert, to Mr.
Canhigh, November 25.

A son, Dennis Mearl,
Newcom, November 26.

A daughter, Nancy Lynne,
James Jeffries, November 28.

A son, Rafael Alberto, to Mr. and Mrs. Casper
Hodge, November 28.

A soo, Dennis Alvin, to Mr. and Mrs. John Da
Costa, November 28.

A son, Wilfred Andrew, to Mr. and Mrs. Wil-
fred Jackson, November 30.

A daughter, Maria Louisa Filomena,
and Mr.s Charles Becker, November 30.

A son, Artie Adriaan, to Mr. and Mrs. Just de
Vries, December 2.

and Mrs. Jacob

to Mr. and Mrs, Mearl

to Mr. and Mrs,

to Mr.



SCHEDULE OF PAYDAYS
Semi-Monthly Payroll
December 16-31 Wed., January 9
Monthly Payrolls

December 1-31 Thursday, January 10

A stout-looking aggregation is the Gas & poly t
now and holding their own. They are, back row,

Texeira, A. Tjon, F. Anijs,
(captain),

SCORES

November 25

Cuba (manager), A.

Accounting 0 Drydock 0
Dining Halls 2 Training Division 0
Welding 5 (default) Hydro-Alky 0
Commissaries 5 (default) R. & S. 0
Personnel 5 (default) Storehouse 0
Gas & Poly 6 (default) Marine 0

December 2

Col. Serv. Adm. 1 Dining Halls 0
Press. Stills 5 (default) Training Division 0
Personnel 1 Machinists 1
Utilities 11 Accounting 1
Drydock 2 T.S.D. 1
L.O.F, 5 (default) Hydro-Alky 0
Decomber 16.
Col. Serv. Adm. 5 (default) Training 0
Press. Stills 1 Machinisis i
Gas & Poly 5 (default) Storehouse 9
Utilities 4 Drydock 1
L.O.F. & (default) T.S.D. 0
Welding & (default) R. & 8S. 0

Inter-Island Cricket Next Week

Cricket enthusiasts will journey to
the Wilhelmina Sport Park December 29
and 30 to see Curacao’s and Aruba’s
best players meet in two one-day match-
es. The annual competition, arranged
this time by Cyril Brown of the Instru-
ment Department, will bring together
a Curacao group (chiefly C.P.I.M. play-
ers) and the Cambridge Cricket Club
(composed chiefly of Lago players) on
the first day, and C.P.I.M. and an all-
Aruba XI on the second day.

In last year’s competition, at Curacao,
both games were rained out. This year’s
weather shows signs of being more con-
siderate, and fair weather and a large
attendance are anticipated.

eam, standing about midway in the Alo:
M. van Buchove, T. Johnson, G. Nicola:
A. Castinero, in front are, H. de Palm, M. Wout
H. Martinus, T. Flanegin.



SERVICE SLANTS

Thomas Russell of the Marine De-
partment hears that his son, Staff Sgt.
Donald Russell, who served in China
with the Army Air Forces, was recently
presented with the Bronze Star Medal in
Shanghai. Sgt. Russell was in Aruba
from childhood through his high school
years, and was in college in the States
when he entered the Army in 1942, He
has recently returned to the United
States.

Late news is that Sgt. Nevilte Gomes,
who worked on the Pressure Stills from
1939 to 1942, and has been _ stationed
with the occupation forces in Austria,
was to be home on furlough for Christ-
mas.

Neville left Aruba in '42 and went to
the States where he enlisted in a Pa-
ratroop battalion. His was among the
first units to land in Normandy on D-
day. Neville suffered a face wound from
a shell fragment but is as good as new
now.

Five "C. Y. 1.” Awards

Made in November

"Coin Your Ideas” awards went to
five employees in November. C, Nahar
wor Fls. 15 for his suggestion to instatl
a blockvalve in the 1/4” steamline to
steam turbine at No. 12 Aviation still;
B. Henriguez Fls. 10, install a sign over
the door to the Stewards Department’s
office; B. Richards Fils. 15, install a
latrine at the western end of the utility
dock; L. Aitcheson Fls. 15, install a
wire screen over the instrument panel
in the main Electric Shop; T. Foy Fis.
10, install a water line and hose in the
Customshouse area,





Your football goalkeeper spends a great deal
of time just "taking it easy’. Sometimes nothing
moves but his eyes as he intently follows the
play around the field. But when the opponents
threaten his goal he can be the fastest-moving
man on the squad. This keeper, and one of the
best in the game, is L. Solognier ef tho
Machinists team.

Keeper di futball ta pasa gran parti dl

por nada; tin bez ta su wowonan sé ta

Segun cue ta sigui e wega cu atenclén.

ora contrapartida ta amenaz4 su goal, e ta bira

e@ hungador di mas liher riba veld. E aki,

un die mihor hungadornan, ta L. Solognier di
team di Machinists.


DECEMBER 21, 1945





First employee to use the travel op-
portunities of the new vacation plan
was Richard de Robles of Accounting,
who left November 28 for a trip to the
United States. Another "early bird”
was Carl York of the Drydock, who
sailed on the S.S. "Kralendijk for St.
Marten December 11, and will be gone
until March.

Nine years is a long time and that’s
how long it has been since Cecil Bristol
of the Garage has left Aruba. Cecil's
last trip away from the island was in
1936. He will leave on January 2 for
Jamaica where, during his vacation, he
intends to put his young daughter into
school.

Luther Stowe will do no work at the
Drydock for six weeks. He is on his
third trip home in 16 years. Luther got
eight weeks vacation and a two weeks
leave of absence and with that he head-
ed for his home in St. Vincent. He saii-
ed on the Rio Hacha on December 3.

Arnold Jagrou, who left the Field
Machinists last April because of poor

Married lIl‘e started
for Hennessy Char-
les, of the Coloay
Commissary, and
Theodora Friday in
the Roman Catholic
Church In San Nico-
las on December 3.
A reception followed
at the Mechanic’s
Hall. In the picture
above, taken two
days before the ce-
remony. ne is receiv-
ing from Gene Kees-
ler the group’s wed-
ding gift of 110
crisp guilder notes.

y
B
Bites



* AROUND THE PLANT

ARUBA ESSO NEWS





health, writes from St. Lucia that his
health has improved, and asked to he
remembered to his many friends here.

Marriages

A wedding is in the offing for Robert
Martin of M. & C. and Pearl Angela
Lindo. The couple is to be married on
December 29, in the Dutch Reformed
Church in Oranjestad.

Another December wedding is that of
A.W. Williams of the Plant Commissary,
who married Catherine Alexander on
December 6.

Married on December 5, were Clau-
dius Mack of Stewards, and Cleonica
Gumbs. The wedding took place in the
Methodist Church in San Nicolaas,

Lily Mansell, a nurse at the Hospital,
will marry Martin de Aguiar of the

Pressure Stills, the day before Christ-
mas. The reception will be held at Oran-
jestad.





The staff of the Plant Dispensary is bidding goodbye in this picture to Albert Powell who
left In late November. Presenting the parting gift of lighter and gold key chain is Edney Huckleman.



A far-from-home visitor to Aruba early this month was Yousef Waffa, acting head of personnel

and public relations for the Standard Oil Co. of E

relations program. Mr.
with S.0. Co. of E
Coll

gypt, who was here studying Lago’s employee

Waffa, who was employed by the Egyptian government before going
gypt, had his education in the United States. He has studied at Michigan State
232 and the University of California, and in recent months he has been receiving training

im the employee relations departments of the Company's domestic and foreign operations before
returning to his duties in Egypt. Above, seated at far left, he is visiting a Job Relations Training

(Note:

class for Colony Service supervisors being conducted by Abdul Mohid.
Information on the blackboard Is blanked out because cates diseuaued! in Job Relations

classes are kept confidential).

Yn bishita di mashd leeuw cu a bini Aruba na cuminzamento di e tuna ak fta
cu na Egipto tin e puesto interino di Hefe di Relacionnan di Personal y Pilates pac Sisndand’ oil
Co. y cu a bini Aruba pa studia e Programa di Relaciénnan di Empleado di Lago. Durante lunanan
reciente el a ricibi training den e departamentonan di Relaciénnan di Empleadonan na e opera-
clénnan doméstico y stranhero di Compania promé cu el a bolbe na su trabao na Egipto. Ariba
ma banda robez, nos ta mira ora cu el a bishita un klas di Training pa Relaciénnan di Trabao pa

hefenan di Colony Service, dirigi pa Abdul Mohid.



“aZzZoOozmo Om meu Hn



A bunch of future Barney Oldfields line up to roar down the Hospital Hill in their speedy soap
box racers. Steel, chromium, glass, and plush make fine automobiles, but these boys are just as
Proud of their scrap lumber, baling wire, and catalyst drum creations.

COMMISSARY Cont. from p. 1.

made with Venezuelan farmers to grow
food for Lago. The Venezuelan govern-
ment at first was reluctant to allow the
Company to take the produce out of the
country, and finally would agree only
if the Company bought food in areas
specified by the government. This was
done, and the project, difficult in all its
phases, was begun.

Since the farmers were spread out
through a considerable area in Venezue-
la and there was no market or depot
at which the produce cou!d be collected
and prepared for shipment, one at Va-
lera had to be established. All the food
has to be gathered at the depot and
from there it is taken in trucks to Ma-
racaibo where it is put on lake tankers.
The first produce to arrive in Valera
remains there until enough has arrivei
to make up a truckload. The food some-
times has to wait a week or more with-
out refrigeration, which causes a coa-
siderable amount of spoilage. When a
load is completed, the eight-hour truck
trip from Valera is started over roads
that are poor and frequently rained out.
When the roads are out, an entire ship-
ment may be a total loss.

When the produce reaches Maracaibo
it is checked and all spoiled food is re-
moved. The shipment is then loaded on
tankers for transportation to Aruba.
Though 1,000 pounds of produce might
be gathered by the various farmers in
Venezuela, the opportunity for spoilage
is so great during the trip over here
that only 100 pounds or so might be
useable on arrival.

In addition to Venezuela, the Domini-

can Republic was investigated as a food
source. The schooner trip down, how-
ever, proved to be too long to maintain
any degree of freshness and the idea
had to be abandoned.

To obtain an adequate supply of su-
gar, since severe shortage in the States
made it impossible to get it there, the
Company had to scour all the local
markets. Santo Domingo is the source
finally arrived at, though attempts to
find sufficient quantities to supply our
needs were made in such places as Vée-
nezuela, Cuba, Argentina, and Peru.

One of the major causes of the local
supply problem is the U. S. government
regulation that requires all orders for
foodstuffs to be placed one year in ad-
vance. Orders are made up quarterly:
that is, all the food to be received dur-
ing the first three months of 1946 had
to be ordered during the first three
months of 1945. As a result, severe
shortages may develop at any time.

For instance, the Commissary may
be ordering 50 cases of an item each
quarter, for a steady demand. If for
some reason the regular demand in-
creases to 75 cases per quarter, the
year-ahead order system makes it a
whole year before the increased demand
can be met.

In past years when meat supplies
were plentiful, it was possible to order
whatever was wanted or needed here



and be sure of getting it. Specific cuts
coud be ordered and in any quantity
wanted. This has changed completely.

Now in order to get the cuts wanted
the whole carcass must be purchased
with no selective buying at all. Natural-
ly some cuts are more popular than
others; spareribs and chops and roasts
sell quickly, other parts may not. A
typical results of this war-created situa-
tion was the recent occasion when the
Commissary had 20,000 pounds of
ground meat on hand.

Employees occasionally come to the
Commissary with the statement that
they were able to buy some fine tomat-
oes from a local merchant and why
couldn’t the Commissary get tomatoes
if the merchant could? The difficulty
lies in the fact that the local source
amounts to only a few kilos a week,
whereas a Commissary serving 6,000
customers needs hundreds of kilos a
week. In fact, it is unlikely that suffi-
cient fresh fruit and vegetable supplizs
can ever be maintained, because such
vast quantities would be needed that
nothing short of a special refrigeration
ship in constant service would suffice
to keep up with the demand.

Even the Venezuelan source of supp-
ly is painfully inadequate. To illustrate
this, during one week recently only 50
kilos of dashines came from Venezuela
while 500 kilos might be needed.

A factor which makes it desirable to
return to the practise of getting all
perisable foods from New York is that
it costs only half as much to get them
from there, with refrigeration, as it does
to get them from Venezuela without re-
frigeration. During the war years as
many as 36 articles were received from
Venezuela; at present, however, only 17
are coming in. And when restrictions on
buying in the States are lifted this
number will be cut further.

Unfortunately the control requiring
orders to be placed twelve months in
advance continues in effect even-

though the war is over. On the brighter
side, though, is the fact that shipping
space is increasing and it is to be hop-
ed that the food situation will approach
normal in the not too distant future and
supplies again will flow in sufficient a-
mounts.



Holland gets a new size of postwar currency and
a Lago girl gets a sample for a birthday present.
The small bill above, pictured with a Curazao
note to show its size, was sent to Theodora
Peeren by an uncle in Holland, for her eleventh
birthday. The new currency was issued immedia-
tely after the liberation, to combat Inflation and
the black market.

Holanda a haya un moneda corriente nobo y un
mucha-muher di Lago ta haya un otro sorto di
regalo pa su anja. E banknoot chikito aki riba
hunto cu un di Curagao pa mustra su grandura,
a bini di un Oom na Holanda pa Theodora Pee-
ren, como su regalo dia cu el a hacl 11 anja. E
moneda correinte nobo a sali unbez despues di
liberacién pa combati Inflation y mercado negro.


ARUBA ESSO NEWS

Wedding bells are soon to chime for Leendert van Windt and Dolly Alfarez. Leendert's fellow-

employees in Colony Service Administration have just finished presenting him with the large

package on the table. Their beaming faces show the good wishes that went with their gift of a

94-ploce set of dishes, accompanied by a card specially engraved by H. E. Garcia of Colony
Operations.

RESCUE

captain promised to wireless Aruba, and
steamed away. He was soon back, say-
ing he had been unable to make contact
but would attempt to get word to
the incoming lake tankers. This time the
ship left them food, water and cigar-
rettes, but when it started away the
small boat was pulled under the stern
and struck by the propellor.

The three sailors didn’t notice till af-
ter the ship was beyond hailing distance
that a hole had been cut in the bow
near the waterline, and from that time,
about 5 o’clock in the afternoon, until
3 o’clock the next morning, they had tu
bail for dear life to keep from sinking.

With all their clothes except swim-
ming trunks used as sails and to stuff
into the hole in the bow, they suffered
from cold and rain squalls as the night
wore on. Several ships passed near them,
but failed to see the flashlight’s blink-

Cont. from page |



Left to right are Gerald Gonsalves and Roy
d'Abreu, rescued mariners. Third member of the
party was Bertram Hadley.

ing. Finally, at 3 a.m., the Government
tug from Curacao came close enough to
see their light, and they were safe at
last. Their boat sank in a few minutes
after they left it.

The tug captain, for whom the
rescued men had the highest praise, said
the S.0.S. summons had come to Cura-
cao from Puerto Rico, possibly turned
in by a plane that passed over them just
before dark. He had left Curacao six
hours before the rescue, knowing their
approximate position and course. He
took them to the pier in Oranjestad, and
the adventure came to a fortunate end-
ing.



3 Empleado di L.O.F a
Salba Despues cu Nan a

Drief 22 Hora Riba Lamar

Aruba su lamar cu normalmente
ta calma, a hera di reclama algun
victima na fin di luna pasa, ora tres
homber cu ta traha na Light Oils a
salba foi un barco cu tabata sink. E
tres hombernan, Roy d’Abreu, Ge-
rald Gonsalves y Bertram Hadley,
tabata tur muha, frieuw y nan a cu-
minza sinti efecto caba di e 22 hora-
nan cu nan tabata exponi, ora cu un
touwboot cu a sali especialmente di
Corsouw a piki nan pa 3’or di mar-
duga dia 28 di November.

E trio a sali un dia promé di Oran-
jestad pa nan bai pisca den barco di
d’Abreu cu yama "Lady Mae”. Lo-
que a scapa nan ta cu nan a sali pa
5’or di marduga y pesei nan mester
a hiba un flashlight. Como nan taba-
tin di traha warda di 4 pa 12, nan
tabatin idea di bai pa algun hora nu-
ma, pero e corriente fuerte pa Zuid-
west di Aruba a hiba nan mas aleuw
cu nan tabata ké bai, y ora cu nan
a cuminza bolbe un awacero cu bien-
to fuerte a kibra e mast principal y
e bela tambe a kibra tur.

Despues cu nan a drecha e bela cu
nan carson- y camisanan, casi e bar-
co no tabata camna, pero nan a haci
senal cu un tanker Inglés cu tabata
sali atardi. Despues cu el a duna nan
poco awa, e captan a priminti nan cu
el lo telegrafia pa Aruba vy el a sigui
bai. Pronto el a bolbe y el a bisa cu
e no a haya contacto cu Aruba, pero
cu el lo avisa e tankernan cu lo bai
drenta. E biaha aki el a duna nan
cuminda, awa y cigaria, pero ora e
tanker a cuminza sali bai, e barco
chikito a worde getrek bao dje y e
chapaleta e dal contra die.

E tres marineronan no a ripara,
sino te ora cu e tanker tabata mucho
leeuw pa nan por tende nan. cu e bar-
co a haya un buraco un banda den
proa. Y di e ora ey. mas 0 menos 5’or
di atardi te casi 3’or di e siguiente
mainta nan mester a chica awa fo’i
e boto pa nan no sink.

Siendo cu tur nan pananan, cu ex-
cepcion di nan badbroek. tabata tra-
ha na bela, y pa tapa e buraco, nan
a sufri di frieuw cu awacero v biento
fuerte segiin cu nochi tabata bai cer-
rando.

Varios barco a pasa banda di nan,
pero nan no a mira e cende-paga di
nan flashlight.

Porfin pa 3’or di marduga, e touw-
boot di Gobierno cu a sali di Cor-
souw a bin basta pega cu el a mira
e luz y porfin nan tabata salba.

Algun minuut despues cu nan a su-
bi e touwboot, "Lady Mae” a dispar-
cé den profundo di lamar.

E captan di e touwboot, pa kende
e naufragonan tabatin masha ala-
banza, a bisa cu e pidimento di auxi-
lio a yega Corsouw di Porto Rico,
posiblemente di un aeroplano cu a
pasa riba nan promé cu bira scur.
El a sali di Corsouw, sabiendo nan
posicién y nan curso y despues di 6
ora cu el a sali, el a salba nan. El a
hiba nan na waf di Oranjestad y e
aventura tabatin un fin menos des-
agradable.

Departmental reporters, each of whom has re-
ceived a personally-inscribed booklet of jour-
nalistic advice, started work last month. Nearly
half of them already have turned in good news
items that might otherwise have been missed,
and it is expected that their help in expanding
the ESSO NEWS! coverage of employee and de-
partmental activities will increase the paper's
appeal to the readers. The Kind of stories re-
porters are turning in shows that they under-
stand their job, and the number of items is an
encouraging sign of their interest. Six of the
group are pictured above. In the top row, left
to sight, are Henwey Hirschfeld of Marine, Mario
Harms of Boiler, Tin & Blacksmith, and Simon
Geerman of the Drydock. In the bottom row are
Henry Nassy of No. 3 Lab., Elsa Mackintosh of
the Dining Halls, and Pedro Odor of Account-
ing Office. (Pictures of others will be published
in succeeding issues). At right is a photograph
of the instruction booklet’s cover.

E sistema nobo di reporters departamental a :u-
minza luna pasé. Cada reporter a haya, cu su
nomber inscribi aden un boeki cu consehonan
periodistico. Casi mitar di e reporternan a man-
da bon nobonan cu podiser lo por a pasa voorbij
si no tabatin reporters. Aki riba nos ta mira
seis di nan. Den e careda di mas atras ta Hen-
wey Hirschfeld di Marine, Mario Harms di Boiler,
Tin & Blacksmith y Simon Geerman di Drydock.
Den e careda di mas adilanti ta Henry Nassy di
Laboratory 3, Elsa Mackintosh di Dining Halls,
y Pedro Odor di Accounting. (Portret di e otro-
nan lo sali den e siguiente numeronan). Na ban-
da drechi nos ta mira un portret di e capa di
e boeki di instrucciones,

Queen Wilhelmina Sends
Thanks for Relief Funds

The contributions made to S.A.N.O.A.
by Lago employees and the Company in
1940 and 1941 began to do their good
work recently, according to a letter of
gratitude received by Governor Kasteel
from Her Majesty Queen Wilhelmina.

Aruba’s contribution to this relief
fund, which was organized shortly after
the invasion of Holland, was Fls. 270,000,
of which the Lago portion was Fils. 142,
146.40.

Her Majesty’s letter asked Governor
Kasteel to convey her sentiments of
gratitude to the population of Aruba,
and said she was "deeply touched by the
sympathy demonstrated with your gift
to war-stricken Holland and its people”.

Her Majesty gave assurance that the
money would be spent in the manner
suggested by the Aruba Committee. it
i ected that the gift will give the
greatest aid to children who are suffer-
ing from tuberculosis as a result of the
war.



Cargo versions of dirigibles to be
built for trans-oceanic flights will carry
180,000 lb. on non-stop runs from San
Francisco to Honolulu, and 110,000 Ib.
from Honolulu to Shanghai. Other mo-
dels include a hospital ship with a ca-
pacity for 248 patients, complete with
all hospital accomodations including an
operating room.

DECEMBER 21, 1945





Io

Long Service Awards
November, 1945
10- YEAR BUTTONS

Thomas Hagerty T.S.D
J.S.A. Moller T.S.D.
Alejandro Harms Accounting
Marie Fortin Personnel
Edwin Marcelin Instrumeit
Henry Berkel Instrument
Jose Dirkz L.O.F.
Ambrosio Tromp L.O.F

Hydro-Alky
Marine Wharves
Machinis

Pipe

James Cooper
Marco Nicolaas
Juancito Kock
Urbano Oduber

20-Year Buttons

Richard Milne sss Ds

An equipment inspector in T.S.D., Rich-
ard Milne was first employed at the
Casper, Wyoming refinery of the Stand-
ard Oil Co. of Indiana May 2, 1925. He
came to Aruba March 11, 1931.

J. H. Ponson Marine

J. H. Ponson was employed by Lago
on October 1, 1925 as a Commissary
clerk. He later transferred to the Ma-
rine Department and became a Marine
checker in 1943.

Dominico Vries Boiler Shop

Dominico Vries was employed on July
31, 1925. He started in the Boiler Shop
and is now a boilermaker "A”.








Work Safely
Every Day

MON. — TUES.

1
6 Ds ge
dan AAS SB
20 ino Ddn we 22
ZS 29

SUN.





JANUARY
1946
WED.

16
23
30

Evira Desgracia
Cada Dia







THUR. FRI. SAT.

De eee LT ria oe
9° = Ost Ve TP
ere.
DA 0D > OO
31











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