The Daiy ws.FPriaky.iFebruy2.1994 Environment 1I
Introduction of the mongoose
an example of man's mistakes
The book of Gnesstells u that affected by the presence of the
God crealcted in abundance moving mongoose. The poultry farms of the
crature from the fowl thau fly Virgin Islands were also aflcctl by
lbove the eaulh to sea crelures of Olaee the mongoose presence.
every kind. This environment was Davis Many island farmers lat their
perfect in iurt every crature, both eggs or chicks to mongoox.s The
predator ndt prey. do what comes 1940s. the mongoose was so
naturally. destructivet tfamers that the Vir-
On one Sabbath ftiemoon. I O wnivbommu l gin slands Govenmmenl introduced
took the Centt'ial Seventh.day a bill to ontuol the animals. The
Advenlist Church AY grup was introduced to mol at. bill offered a bounty of "10 ccnti.
hike up in the hits ovrlodkting h On many other islands like ft t males and I1 cents for female
northern pn of St. Croix. While Jamaica, Suriname. Pue"o Rico, mtngoc."
there. we di=cu Bibtle vers in Grenda. and Trinidad. ruts were Between the L194' and 195U
elalonhip to the cavironmcm serious problems. In 1789. it was about 7.000 mongooses wi g
During out dicussn. t partti- estimditd thati th e rats dostro cauhtti. To thLs day, the bill so
lur individual said, "the only misfi quarter of he sugar cate crop in i trhe books. The quail mlimon
in ciuton is man." t t mit diitt ) was once i common
Ever o often I tenet on whi t Thi plantation owners of t he bird on these islands. The bit dis
the erson said about 's par lii- Caribbean t that time believed ppred mysteriously from the
on In creation. irgi Islands many years ago. And
Menn n m evry importing oanooiv would b the in 1941. quail were introduced
plants animal or other O smor best solution for rat control t In s 'iihnusttht
play major roe in the envliron. 18i monools wre introduced an but the mongoose ate the
ment according to the iaws of ito Sy. Croix from !jmicL sies c iigndyuMBinI t
niru nterrestrial carnivores did an Thus. the introduction of the
Thi edict 'itid. itt ti hinleliK dis ittight 'is bl d tih tdf'i'i'Si'
However. somltines man mss- a dmirble job by controlling the i monlloo in the Caribbean is a
npb t introducing differentro inthesugareo telds. classical example of how man
? uc iso of anim also. go or ow n- The species of om ttha caused an an imn l 1. n b yeom e b thr ea
isl n. an environment thrt might considerable damaun to the sugar ito Sha rpec a me.
nm I ompfblc. ca rop on St. Croix was Pracl. The following arm examples of
in 1870cm tl monun goose was first ally eliminated from the field some food monoo like to al
introduced Into the Caribbean for Unformtaely, the mongoose could Vetebrate: rh missollanou.
In | ur ane pim mton, m mlr bepe of thetr aitlly 1o fowl egs. and domestic fowl.
Predators were one of the first climb trmes. A seond rat was id o ct. Cockroaches. moths.
biolrogical meanM of dcolfllng rts Introduced into the Virgin slmnds
in he Caribean. Before the itr o-In ie bytival ps. catepilla, crics anUtO
auction of the mogooe in te Tis re isown s Ras Other -rtiropods: Scorpion.
Carihbean. there were other noeo i centipedes, mUad is. sisn
atlmmpusluonlmlnlts, xm id.tOfwn in dum -hrese Vegetable matter: Yam.
The"irsct nam r ha cauolso I animals we strictly terrestrial rand
other than the Use of dog was the live in boles In the grou As time Cocono and fuits.
Ferrer from Euro1 This animal went on however, the mongoose Dr. O Roy Host is conducting
was nt successfully established In beme a pest for mrny ol the rerh n mongoose t Sndy
the Caribbein to control tats. In Caribbeanidad Point. Today. St. Ctoix hasso me
On St. Croix. the mongoose mong~o re Io
into Maliniqu'e and Barbados to bea etoproy on o" spelies o-
onno)l rats. The Slant toads ate sallitab montoose fan O1e4 DavLs lo holds a am-
young rats. but not oug to t of rats to cat in the sugar cane orosci'nce der'e n sc man
Around 1762. an ant locally nesting birds. and benefiadl repties St. Crolr ecolo-, #, nactivit and
call d in Cuba "Tom Raffle ant' wr -monl niudmals to be er.