Citation
Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) vaccines value chain in Nepal

Material Information

Title:
Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) vaccines value chain in Nepal a gendered perspective
Creator:
Gangga, Adi ( author )
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource (79 pages) : illustrations ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Sustainable Development Practice field practicum report, M.D.P
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Abstract:
In several developing countries, livestock is one of the main livelihoods that significantly contributes to the well-being of rural households. Enhanced technology could help mitigate the trade-offs arising between economic growth and development goals, while addressing the needs of these often-poor rural populations. In Nepal, the agricultural sector still generates the largest labor demand where animal husbandry shares an important role in the sector. Women hold control in managing livestock, especially small ruminants such as goats, that allow them to partake in the improvement of the quality of the family's wellbeing. This activity comes with its problems, in particular related to spread of diseases, which when associated to outbreaks can inflict considerable losses for these rural communities. Although some mechanisms have been developed to deal with the spread of these infections, the Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), which affects goats, continues to be widespread across several countries. While a vaccine to deal with PPR has been advanced over the past three decades, it remains one of the major constraints for reliable and successful livestock management. Vaccine accessibility -- vaccine available to livestock keepers but still hard to access --, availability -- ease in its access but unavailable when needed most (for example, during outbreaks)--, and affordability, are three of the factors that most define the adoption of PPR vaccination by small-holders. Additionally, the lack of appropriate facilities and infrastructure, of which secured cold chain, roads, electricity and veterinary services are just some examples, could jeopardize the successful implementation of the vaccination programs and immunization campaigns. Without addressing some of these barriers properly, not only it will be unlikely for the government to achieve the national and
Abstract:
global goals of PPR eradication by 2030 but may worsen the long-lasting day-to-day reality that have served as context to gender and power dynamics at the ground level. I mapped and analyzed the PPR vaccine value chain in two selected districts in Nepal (Nuwakot and Dhading), to identify related and relevant stakeholders/actors and to layout their interactions and mechanisms for mutual coordination. I used intersectionality and gender lenses to help reveal the constraints and opportunities for women to participate in the value chain and address some of the barriers this dominant group of livestock keepers face in all accessibility, availability, and affordability. Through the use of mixed methods, I found that understanding of the role and need of the vaccine varied across livestock keepers, some of whom may or not be affiliated with cooperatives. These organizations not only serve to share information regarding PPR disease and use of vaccines, but also act as gates between farmers and the government. Some of the factors that affect access to PPR and vaccines information are caste, socio-economic status, age, and geographic location. Based on these results, it is suggested that a well-trained woman village/community animal health worker (CAHW) could act as an agent that promotes the strong connectivity of different actors in the value chain, especially the links between women livestock keepers and the government. CAHW could increase trust as well from the marginalized groups to participate in the vaccination programs. This person can also help mediate complex cultural and other barriers for women, as the majority of livestock keepers for animals affected by PPR. Understanding the perception of the sector's stakeholders about the utilization of PPR vaccines has the potential to insert great input in the value chain and along the way, improve the wellbeing of
Abstract:
women and other vulnerable members of the population, who rely on livestock to derive their livelihoods.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
General Note:
Major departments: Latin American Studies, African Studies.
General Note:
Major: Sustainable Development Practice.
General Note:
Advisor: Romero, Claudia.
General Note:
Committee member: Williams, Rebecca J.
General Note:
The MDP Program is administered jointly by the Center for Latin American Studies and the Center for African Studies.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Adi Gangga.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
037835488 ( ALEPH )
Classification:
LD1780.1 2020 ( lcc )

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