Citation
My Scrapbook of My Illness with Polio

Material Information

Title:
My Scrapbook of My Illness with Polio 1946-1951
Creator:
Black, Edna ( author )
Black, Lassie G. ( author )
MacKay-Ratliff, Tracy ( designer )
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, FL
Publisher:
LibraryPress@UF
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
6.125” wide x 9.25” high; 118 Pages plus cover

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Poliomyelitis. ( lcsh )
Poliomyelitis--Patients--United States--Biography. ( lcsh )
Children with disabilities, Writings of. ( lcsh )
Polio ( fast )
Medical Humanities ( fast )
Scrapbook ( fast )
LibraryPress@UF ( fast )

Notes

Abstract:
Polio, an infectious disease caused by a virus, became epidemic in the United States in the early to mid-20th century. Recounted in the form of a journal, this story about Edna Black Hindson does a wonderful job making the story of polio come alive. Edna caught polio in 1946, before the height of the epidemic, and the introduction of the vaccine - and well after Franklin Delano Roosevelt turned Warm Springs into the only place focused only on treating poliomyelitis. Thus, her story shows how Americans in the 1940s understood and treated polio, how they were able to use the facilities at Warm Springs and the work it took to help children recover muscle control and the ability to move their limbs that had originally been paralyzed.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons. org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/. You are free to copy, distribute, and transmit this work for noncommercial purposes if you credit the authors.
Resource Identifier:
RC180 .B53 2019 ( LC )

UFDC Membership

Aggregations:
University of Florida
LibraryPress@UF

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rfnr trffbr frfrrfrfr nrrn rbfr rfbr rrrfrffrfrr ffrrrfrrrrf ff‘‘fr ‘r‘‘‘ ’frfrffrffr rrrfffnfffrrf nr“ ff‘‘” •frfrfrf –—–“• frrnrfrf bfrf frrr rfrrfnr–––‘br rfrrrrn–nrrfr rrrrrfrfffrff rfffrffrffb rrffrr bfrr–frffrrf rffrfrrff trrffffrrrfr frrf–fffr fffrrfrftrfrfff rffrrfffrrff rr fnrrfrnrrfrnfrfrfffr rrfrrrfrtrfr rfr–—– —rtf n–– rr—–– ufdc.u.edu/librarypress librarypress@uib.u.edu

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Edna Black & Lassie G. Black Sc Ies Prf 1946-1951

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edna with new brace, Steps of hotel at Warm Springs, Georgia

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DEDICATION This journal is dedicated to nt Sb-on for her extensive work and dedication to the preservation of this historic document, and for her eorts to remind us of the devastating eects of the polio virus and the pressing need for all children to receive vaccinations for its prevention around the world. acknowledgements a B. e – has been a substantial contributor to the development and completion of this journal by her encouragement, her wise insights, and her ability to make the dream of the preservation of this Polio journal come true . T . c-brn – LibraryPress@UF Designer, has displayed her amazing artistic abilities in the colorful and touching period graphics in this publication. She interpreted and applied the wanted theme of positive interaction of family and friends in this Polio story. Pt F. m – my cousin, who has always been there for me since our childhood. She understands my challenges. Her unfailing support, not only in the production of this journal, but in all areas of my life, has made it possible for me to participate in countless activities.

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Edna Black & Lassie G. Black Sc Ies Prf 1946-1951

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i-iv n Edna Ray Black Hindson v-viii frfrfrffrb rftrrtf ix rfn x f Polio Arrives at Our Home 1-4 f Days of Isolations and Pain 5-10 f Comfort from Friends and Family 11-14 f Seeking Answers and Moving to Hope Haven 15-20 fr Sister Kenny Splints, Hot Packs, and New Friends 21-30 fr Out of Neck Pack, Moving My Right Leg, Siing Up, Crutches 31-38 f Not Much Hope for Le Leg 39-44 fbrf Train to Warm Springs, First Visit 45-50 Table of Contents

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fr Home Visit, Beach Trailer Vacation 51-54 f St. Augustine Wishing Well 55-62 fb Wheelchair at the Beach 63-66 f Warm Springs -Tears of Good Bye 67-70 frf Wheelchair, Crutches and Brace 71-78 ff Home, School, Cuba 79-88 fr Return to Warm Springs for Check-up 89-91 rf Edna Ray Black Hindson 92 93-94 fr .......................................................................... 95-96 rfrrrbf ....................... 97-98

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i nina stoyan-rosenzweig, Contributing Editor

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ii FOREWORD P rrfrrr rrrfrfffrf fr f ffrrr rfffffrrrffrfr rffrrrffr rfffffr rffffrr rrfrrfrrf rfffrffrf rrrrrrrr rfffrrrr rrrr rfrfrrrf rfrfrfrr rrfrrfffrf frrffrff rrfffr rffrfrrfrf rrfr–f rrrrfr–—ff frfrrrfrf r–ffrfr rfff B nt Sb-on

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iii newspaper clipping depicting edna's 7th birthday, Hope Haven, 1946

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iv rffbr rffrr bfrr–frff rrfrffrfr rfftrrff ffrrrfr frrf–f ffrfffrrfr ftrfrfffr ffrrfffr rffrrr ffrfr rrfrfrfrr rffrfffr rffffrrfrfrrfr rffrrfffrfr ffffr ffffrr rrff rrfr Editorial note: The text of Lassie Black’s scrapbook has been lightly edited for clarity and formaing, while the tone and message remains, and is clearly understood to the reader.

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v lassie Goodbread black, Home Ec Teacher White Springs, FL, 1946-1951

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vi B f–––fr ff trfrfrf frfrrrf rrfrfrffr frr fffffrf frrrf rrrff rff fffrff ffrrrrr frrf fffrfr rrfrrfrrfrff ffrrfrr frrff ffffr f preface B t B nd

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vii lassie Goodbread black journal, 1946-1951 rrff rrrffrfr rfrf frrfff ffffrfrfr rfrfr rffrr

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viii ffffffr rrrffrrfrfrf ffrffrrffr ffrrf ffrf–r frr rfrrffrff rrfrrfrrf frrbfrr rfrfrf fffrrrrrf rrffffrfff rrfrf frrfrr rfr

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In the primal sympathy In the soothing thoughts that spring from Recollections of [excerpt] 1807 ix

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Edna Black & Lassie G. Black Sc Ies Prf 1946-1951 x

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1 chapter one 1 Prf Are u ‘’“ chapter one The Black family after polio, Mid-1950’s frfr ffrfrf rffrrbr nf (seated on oor in striped dress) fnr

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2 Polio Arrives At Our Home 2 chapter one O r–frf ffrfrffrff ffffr rfrf frfrff ffffrff rfff ffrf frfrrfr fffr ffff ftfrfff fffff frfr fr f—fff rfrffffff fftrfr ffffr rrrrfff rff rrfffrf frrffrfrr fffffr rf”ffrf trff

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3 rffffff ”rrfrf rfffrffff frr ff fffrf r ffffr fffff rrr fffffffff rffrfrf fffr frffrfrfr rffffr rrffrfff”fr frrrf –ffrfrfr ffffff ffrf ffffffff rfrffff rrffrnr rrfr rrfrfrtrrr rffr rrtrrf—frf fffrfr ffrrff chapter one

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4 frrffff fffff rfffrfrfrrf ffff rfff frrfrf ffff fffrf frfrfrf rffrf fffffffr ffffrr ffffrf rf rrrff rfrfrff—rrfr ffrffrfr rfffff rfffrr rfr rfffrfrr fff ffff rffffff rrrrfff frrfffff ffrffrr fffrfr Polio Arrives At Our Home

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5 Dy I”•n — Pn chapter two chapter two 5

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6 chapter two M frffff rffff ffrff rffrfff ffff— ffffff rrrfrffffrff fffrfrfr fffrf fffffrf rrff ffrfffffrff rrfffff fffffff fffrfr rfrfff fnfr rffff rrffffrfrf rffffr ffrfrff rfrrfrff fffrfrrfr ffrf f frfr Days of Isolations and Pain 6

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7 ff ––fr rrrrr rfftrffff frrff fffrfr frffff rrfrff Tuesday, Feb. 5, 1946 frfrf fffffff ffrffrfffrrfr rfrr rfff frf rrrf fffr fr”f ffffrff ”rf ffff rrfrf rfrfrfr ffffrfff rrfrffr ffrfffrff rrffffffrr chapter two

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8 ffff frtf ffrfffffr frrfrf rfrffn frrff Feb. 6, 1946 ffr frrfrff rrfnfff fnf ffffrfr ffffr rffrrfffrrfrf rffrfff rfrrfrff rrfffrff frfrfff r rrfffr ffff frff rr frfrf rfrfff frf Days of Isolations and Pain

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9 frff—ff— ffnfrr ffff ffrf rrfrfff fffrrffrf rff rf Feb. 7, 1946 rrff ffrfffff ffrff frfffrf f––rffrf bff– f fff rffffrfrrf frf” frfffr “rr•fffrf ffffffrff frrff ffffffrf ffffrff ffrff rnr ffrffrf chapter two

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10 ffr rfrfff frfr frrffrfrfr rff frrff frrffrf frf rfrffrr rrfffff fffffffr fffffrff frftf ffrf fff rfr ffffrfr frrff rfffrr rffr rfffrrrfr frfrrff Editorial note: Edna Ray Black , age 6 years and 10 months old at this time. Days of Isolations and Pain

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11 11 o Fd — F chapter three chapter three

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12 12 chapter three Feb. 8, 1946 T rf frfffrrf rrfr rfffff ffrfr ffrrfr rfr rffrfr frffffrrf rfrffrfff rr rrf rfrfrrfrnff ffrf fr frrfrrf” frrrff rffrfrrfr frfrfffff frfrf rfff rfr Comfort from Friends and Family

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13 Feb. 9, 1946 rfrffff ffr ffrfn frrrfff fffrffr rfrfr rrfrffff ffffrfr fffr frr rff rf frrfr fffrf ffrff rrfffr ffrf”ffrf rffff rfrrrrf–f rfrfff rffrf rf Feb. 10, 1946 rfr rfrrrrfrfr chapter three

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14 rffffrrr rrfrfftrff rfr frrfrf frfrfrr rfffrf ffr fffrfr fffrffrf rffrrfrf fffffrrfrffrrff r f ffff rffrrrrfrr rrfrfr ff–rrrrf rfr fr rff rfffrff ffffffrr fffffrf rrf rff ffr ffffrf frrrr rfr Comfort from Friends and Family

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15 chapter Four 15 Sn ner — n bf ‘“ ‘ chapter Four

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16 Seeking Answers and Moving to Hope Haven 16 chapter Four Feb. 11, 1946 T rffff nfrf f fffrfffff fffrff ffff fffff ffffrff fffrftrrff ff rrfbfrrrr rfnfff fffff fffr ffffrf rrrf rrfrf rrfrffff ffffrrffrr fffrrfff frf fffff rfffff rrffrf ffffrfrf f

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17 chapter Four 17 Feb. 12, 1946 rrffffrrf ffffffrf rfrf frr frfrfffff rfrbfrr rrffr rr rrfffr fnrf ffr”ff frrr rrfrf rffff rfrff rfrrfrfrf fr”r ffrffrrfrfr frfrr ffrfrffff Feb. 13, 1946 frffrff rfrrr fff–f rfff frf

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18 Seeking Answers and Moving to Hope Haven 18 fffrfrf f ffff rfff frff frrrrfffrff fffrffrff ff rfrff fffrfff frfffrf rffrf tfrr rfrfrr frffrffrffff rfffrrff frrff Feb. 14, 1946 rff rf frrfrf rfffrr fffrffr frfrf rrfff rff frffrfrf

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19 chapter Four 19 fffr rfff fffff ff fr ff”frr rfffr fff ffffrr rr ffftfr rfffr frffrf ffrrrrrf frrfr rrrrrfr ff ffr frffr rff—— fffrffr ffff frf fffffrft frffrfrrfrrf frrrr frffffr ffrf

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Seeking Answers and Moving to Hope Haven 20

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21 chapter FIVE 21 Sibe Srnt, ‘ Pk — Fd chapter Five

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22 Sister Kenny Splints, Hot Packs and New Friends 22 chapter Five Feb. 15, 1946 T rfff rfr rffrf frrfff frf rfrf fff rffr frf——rff rf rrfrffr fff ff f rf trfrff rff ffff rffrf rffr ffr f Feb. 16, 1946 ff ffrfffrff

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23 rrrfff ffffrrf rfff ff—r frfrff r f r—r rfffff ffffr ffffrf f Feb. 17, 1946 r rff ffff frffrfr ffffrff frrffff fff f–frrf frrfrffr rfffrf rfffrr frff fffrffrf frfff ffrf frrrf chapter FIVE

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24 f rfrff rfrrrfrff fffrf ffr rfrfrfff rffffrfrr rrrfrr tffrrf rfrffrf f frffrf”ffrf f Feb. 19, 1946 rrff rfrf rffrrrrfff frftffff rfr fr fr Sat. Feb. 23, 1946 rfrff frrrrf Sister Kenny Splints, Hot Packs and New Friends

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25 frfrff rfrffrffff rfrffrffr frrrffrff rfffffrrf rfrf ffrrfrf rffnrfr ff fff rr fnfrfrffff”f rf rrfffr ff–—f ftf f”fff frffrfr rffrffrffr fffffr frf rfrrff frf–—fffff rffrffrfff ff rffr fff rf chapter FIVE

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26 ffffrr rrffrrf rr fffff rrrfrffff frffrfff rfffrff rffrffrfr rrfff frrrf ffrfr frffff– rffff ffrfrfr fffff frfffrfrf rfrfff“• rfrfr frffr frffrff fff Feb. 26, 1946 frr ffffr frfrff rffrfrfr Sister Kenny Splints, Hot Packs and New Friends

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27 frrffr rrf fffrfff ffrfffrf ff March 2, 1946 frfrrf frr nf f f fffr ffrfffrrr frffr frr frffrf frffrff ffrf rr rffrffr rff ffrrf rff rfffrfrrfrf rrrf frffrr – f frrfff fffrf chapter FIVE

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28 ffffrffffrf rfrrrff fff Wed. March 6, 1946 ffr rfrfr rr fffrrffrfr rff fffrff fffr ffrfrfrrrrf Fri. March 8, 1946 rff fffff rrrff ”ff fffrff Sat. March 9, 1946 ffffffr rfr fffrf Sister Kenny Splints, Hot Packs and New Friends

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29 chapter FIVE 29 rff ”r frf ffff rfffffr trfrffrf frrf Sun March 10, 1946 fffrfrf rrf rfrfr rff fffffrff ffrff fff

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30 Sister Kenny Splints, Hot Packs and New Friends 30 edna black in bed hope haven hospital, Jacksonville, FL, 1946

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31 chapter six 31 P, n , Sb•n , Cbe chapter six 31 edna black as a child, from an interview with Anna Rubin, April 8, 2004. Polio Oral History Project for International Rehabilitation Center for Polio at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital.

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32 Out of Neck Pack, Moving My Right Leg, Siing Up, Crutches 32 32 D rrrf ffffff ffrrrfrffr ffrfrr fffrr ffffrf rfff Sat. March 16, 1946 tffrf ffffffrf rffrf rff frf rrfrfffff frfff f Wed. March 20, 1946 frtrrf rfff – f rfff frfff frrfrff f chapter six

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33 Sat. March 23, 1946 fffffffrf ffff frf rfrr fr Sun. March 24, 1946 fff “•r fff frfrff rffrffr ftfrr frtfrfrr Sat. March 30, 1946 rrfrf rffftf fft ffrrrf rffff rfrfr– f ff rrffrr rfffr’ff frffffff chapter six

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34 rrrff rffff rftr frrfffrf rf Sat. April 6, 1946 fffrff ffffft frfrfrf ffffr ffrf fffr rfrfrff fff rrfr rrfrff fff Sat. April 13, 1946 frfff rrf rffff rfr rffrfrr fr ff Out of Neck Pack, Moving My Right Leg, Siing Up, Crutches

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35 Sun. April 14, 1946 ffffr frf frrf rrrrf rf frfr Friday April 20, 1946 frffr rrrrf fffrfrrff f rrf fr Sat. April 21, 1946 frrf ffffffrf ffrr rffrf rffrft ffrf rfffr r ff ffbfn chapter six

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36 frfr rffbf fffrf Sat. April 27, 1946 ffff ffrrfrrffr rftf frrfr frf fffrrfr frfff ff rr rrfrf frfrrfrf fr–rfrf frrffrfrtrf rfrfrf f Sat. May 4, 1946 ffrr bfrrr rffr rrtrrfrr fff Out of Neck Pack, Moving My Right Leg, Siing Up, Crutches

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37 chapter six 37 ––fr ffffrfr frf rfrrrff ffrfr fffrfrrf fffrrfff frfrfr rfrfrff Friday May 10, 1946 ffrf rfffff rffff rf f rffffrfff frfrffrffrf frfffr ffr frffffr rfrrffffr frrff fff frtff fff rf fff

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38 Out of Neck Pack, Moving My Right Leg, Siing Up, Crutches 38 fffrfffr frffrfr rffrf fffr frff rfrfff hope haven hospital ward, Jacksonville, FL, 1946 brrf—frf frfrff frnfrf

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39 chapter seven 39 39 ‘“ o chapter seven

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40 Not Much Hope for Le Leg 40 40 Sat. May 18, 1946 M fff ” ffrf rffff fffrfr fff frfrrff frr rrrfr frff frfrfrff frr rffffrf rr ffrftrfr Sat. May 25, 1946 frfff ffrfrr rffr fff fffrfrfffff ffrfrf rffrffrf rff chapter seven

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41 ffffrr rfrffrrff rrrfr rfrfffr frffrf rrfff rfrfff frf Tues. May 28, 1946 frff rrffrf fffrr—– f ffrr tfr rff”r ffrffffrf frfrfrff rfffff rfffrffr rffrffrfr rfffrr –fffrf fr–—frfrff frfrr rffrfrffrfrf frftrrfrr ––frr ffrfff chapter seven

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42 fffrf rffrfrf rrfrffrfrff Friday May 31, 1946 frff rr”rfr rfrr rrfffffr frrffffff rrrff frffff ffrfff ffrffrfff fffrffrff rf –—frfrfrffff rffrrfrf ffnnfffrrrfrf frfrnff rffrrrf ffr rrfrfrf fffffrff rrff frfrr f frrrf Not Much Hope for Le Leg

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43 chapter seven 43

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44 Not Much Hope for Le Leg 44 44 ffrfffff rrffrfrf fffffr fffrffr ffffrrf rfff ffrfffrfrfrf frrff rffrrrf rrffrftffrrr rrrr rffrfrf fffrrff ffrfrffffrff rffff rffrfrf rff warm springs, 1947 r r brr ffrbrf rf

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45 chapter eight 45 Tn bf Wa Spng, ir Vi chapter eight 45 warm springs train station, 1946 rfftrf rbrffrfrffrr–

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46 Train to Warm Springs, First Visit 46 Sunday June 2, 1946 M ffff rrfffff rfrrfffffr ffff ffr frfrtf rfr rfrr rf frfff ffrf rrfrf fffrffr rffrffrbr rffffr rffff ff rfrffft rrfffrfrf rfffrrrf rfff frfffftrrff rffffrrr chapter eight 46

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47 Wed. June 6, 1946 frfff rfffr frfff fftfffr ffffffnffrf rrfrfffr frfrffrrff fffff Sat. June 8, 1946 rrf ff––—rrfrffrf rff trf f——frff rrr ftfff“fr•ff rffrfffrrf frfffrf ffrrtf ftfff ffrfff ffffff fffrffr rfffrffrfr frfffrff chapter eight

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48 ffrrffffrr fffffrff ffbffrff fffffff tffrrf ffrrrfrrf fff rff ftffftrrf rffrfffffrrf rfffffr frffrffrr ffffrff rffrf frff ffrrff frfr ffrfrrf fffffrf fffr ffff rffr fffrftr frfr f”rtrrf fffr rfrfftrf ffrffrrf Train to Warm Springs, First Visit

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49 Warm Springs, Georgia Mon. night June 11, 1946 f”rfff rfrfrfffr rffffr rfftrrrfrf ffrrfrf ffrfrf ffrfff frffffrf”f fffffr rrfrffr frfrffr––—frf frfffr rrfrffr rrfffrrff frffrrffrf ffrf ffffff fffrrrfr ffffr frrffrfrrf rffffr rfr rfrffrfrr r—rfr frfrfrf frffr fffrfrf fnrffrfr chapter eight

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50 frffrffnrf ffrfff rfrtr ffrrrffr frrfffff trfff fffffffr ffffrfff fffrrff rffrrf ffrffrfrrf rrfrfrf fffft fffffrff fffffr frtfr ffrtffr rrfrt fffffrfrf frffrr ftfrfff rfrr ffrrfrffr f–—rrrrfr rrff frrf fffff ffrf ffffffrf rffrr– f Train to Warm Springs, First Visit

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51 chapter nine 51 ‘’“ Vi, B Te V• chapter nine warm springs physical therapy pool, 1946

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52 Home Visit, Beach Trailer Vacation 52 Thursday June 20, 1946 W ff ffrfr rrfrrff fnffrf bffrrftrf– fffrftrrf ffrff ffrffr f rfrff rrfrf ffff frffrt frfffrfr ffffff rffffrf f fffrfffffr frffffr ffffr ffrrff trrffr frrtr fffffrffffrf tfff chapter nine

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53 rrrftrf ffffrfff rf fff ffrff ffffrf rffffr Friday June 29, 1946 ffffrf ffr frtffr ffrfrffrfrf ftrfffr fff“fr•ffrf frff ffrrff bfff ffffff fr– f ffr ffrffrrf rfrrfrfffrfr frfff ffftrrfn frffff trfr ffffffff rrf chapter nine

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54 frffr ffrfff f nfrrffrftr ffffrr frff rrfrrrf frffff fffrffff tfffffffr ff rfffrfffrff rfff”rff fffrrff r f ffrfr frffffr frfffrff ffrt f frr ff rrf f f ffr f rrr rff warm springs, GA brffr fr Home Visit, Beach Trailer Vacation

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55 chapter ten 55 55 S. u•n“ Win W chapter ten warm springs school, Georgia, 1946 fr

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56 St. Augustine Wishing Well 56 June 30, 1946 Monday W ffffrrf fffrff rr ffffff ffrff rffrfrff rfftfrffrrff frrfbr rrfrfr rrrrrfrrfr frfrrfffr frff rffrffrff r—rffrfffn frrffrfffffr rfffrf— ffrrf fff July the 4 th Thurs. rf ffft rrffffffff rffr chapter ten

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57 frff ffrr rf—ffff ffrffrrf ffrffrf rffft f f frff f ffrrfrff rfbf f f fr tfffr fff rfffffff frffrf fffrf fffrfffff ffrffr rfrff rfffffr rffrfr July 12, 1946 Friday ffff rf—r fff frffffr chapter ten

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58 rfff frffr fffnrtrff f“rf•frf ffrrr ftfff ffrff tffrf f frffrrtfff ffff rfr rfrf ”rffr ffffrrf rff frrffff fffrfffffr“• frfrf rrfff fffff rffff rrfrfr ffff ffrnfrfrf frffrff fffffff rrfff St. Augustine Wishing Well

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59 July 9, 1946 f ffr ffrffrff frffrrfrf frfrft frff rr“rf• rrrftr rffrffr fffr July 17, 1946 f rfffft ff rrfrrff ffrr rffrft ffffr frrffrfrf rfffrrf fffffr ffffffr ftrr rrrffrrrff nrrrrfrf rffrf chapter ten

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60 rfffrfffffr rrffrnrft ffrf August 1, 1946 Thurs. tfrfffrr fffrff frffr’ff ffffrr fffr frffrrfff ffrfff ffffr frfrfrfff trrfrfff frrffff frff ffrr rtfrf fffrrffff rrffffff rrr rfffrff rfffrffff ffffftr rrrfffff tffrffr ff St. Augustine Wishing Well

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61 ffffrff ffrfffr rrrfffrfr ffrfrt rrfffrfrf rffrrffrfrff frffr frffffrb frfrffrrf ffr tffrfr ffffff frffffff rrffrfff fffffrf rfrff frfrrrrfr frfrrrfrff frffr ftfffff ffffrffrt fffrf fffft frrfffrftfr frfff ffff frf fffffrf chapter ten

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62 St. Augustine Wishing Well

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63 Wi “ B 63 chapter eleven chapter eleven 63

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64 W frffr ffff ffffrff rfrf rrrfrrfrfr ffrrfr rffffrrff fff frff frfnf—f frffrrff frff fffrf ffrfrfrnf frffff ffff rfrf trrfffr rrffr rfrf ffff ffrfrf frfrf chapter eleven Wheelchair at the Beach 64

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65 Sunday ffrffrf frrf frt rffrfrffrfrfrff rf––—ffffrf fffffrff rfrffr fffff rffrtfrfr ffrf– frtrrrfr fffrrfrrr fffffrfrff frffff rrr tfffrfrfr rfr rfrfffrf rffr August 7, 1946 Thursday tfrr f Baa Baa Black Sheep tfrrrf frrfrffff chapter eleven

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66 rff–tff frrrffrrrf rrfff frf ffffrfrfrf frffrrfrr rrffntfr ffff frffrff ffrrrftf ffffr rrfrrffffrff fffffffr rrrfffrfrf ffrrffr ffffrrf fffffrff ftfffr rrffrft rrrrfff frr– ffrfr Wheelchair at the Beach

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67 chapter twelve 67 Wa Spng Tar G— B“ chapter twelve Written on Wednesday August 28, 1946 O f– f f—rft rrffrf ffffrfffr rrftfrf ffffrff rffrrffffr

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68 Warm Springs —Tears of Good Bye 68 chapter twelve frfrfrr frr trfffrr fffffrrf fffrfftrfffrrf frf ffrfffr frfrbf fffrfrrfrff ffrffrr rrfrff ffrfrff rffff rfffrfrfrf fffrrr trtffr ffrfffr frffffr rfrrfffrrf rrffff rrf ffrffrfrff rfffrrfffr rffrf frfffrf frftfrrrr ffrf rffffr

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69 Le to Right – Helen Hayes, Unidentied Woman, Lassie Black, and Basil O’Connor

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70 Everybody goes to the movies, including those on stretchers and in wheelchairs. warm springs Everything is done to help the children at Warm Springs to lead everyday lives.

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71 chapter thirteen 71 Wi, Cbe — B“ chapter thirteen lassie black & Edna black hindson, 1995 nrrr

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72 Wheelchair, Crutches and Brace 72 chapter thirteen September 7, 1946 W rtrf ffrfff frffff rfffff ffrffff frfff rfrfff rf rffffrfr rfffrf rrrrfr ff Saturday, September 27, 1946 tffrf frffffrf frtfr rr”frrf ffftffrf rrrff rffffr fffff fff fffrfrffrfr frr

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73 frfffff rfrfrf ffff ff ff frrr rrrrfr ffnfrfffrfrf frtrfffr ffrrr ffrfrr ff rfrff rf October 1946 frfff frrfrr bf fffr fffffr ffff rffffffrfr ffrff rffffff frfff rf rrffffffff r–fffff chapter thirteen

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74 rnfrffff frffrrfff rfr rnfrffff ffrffff rfff fffffffrrff fffffff rffrfrfffrnfr ffrfrffrf ffrrffr ffr rrfrfff ffrfrffrf ffrf frffrfrf ffrrffrrffrff rffff rtrtrf rfffr Thanksgiving, November 28, 1946 ffrbfff rfffrr ffrf frffrrrffrrf rfrfrff frtfrrrfrr ffrffrrff Wheelchair, Crutches and Brace

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75 rffrfffrrrr frfrr rfrfff f rfffff rrffffr rffrfffrf rrffrf fffrfr rrffrfffr frfr frffrfrr ffrffr rff rrffrff rrff ffrtfrfffrr rffrf ffrffrrrf rfffff ffffff rrfffr frffff frrff frfffrrf rffffrffffr ffrfff frffrrf fffr chapter thirteen

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76 ffrfffrf ffffrff ffffff ffrrr ffr December 17, 1946 tfrff fffftff rffff frfrrr rffrrffrff frrf frffrrrf ff tfrfff rrrr rff rfrt rfrrrnfrr rffrr rfff ffr rffftfrffrff rffrf rfffrr fffr ffrff f Wheelchair, Crutches and Brace

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77 chapter thirteen 77 ffffr frtffr ffrrrfrrfr ffnffbff rfrr frtffr ffrff rrff rff r”r rtff rffffr rffff tffrf frfr rfrrf frfff“f n•nffrft fffff fftrfrf rfrff ffrrf frff lassie black frrff rfrf

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78 Wheelchair, Crutches and Brace 78

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79 chapter fourteen 79 ‘’“, S, t chapter fourteen the tichnor brothers collection series: Florida Postcards ca. 1930-1945 learning to walk again— rr fftr fr

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80 Home, School, Cuba 80 chapter fourteen January 20, 1947 I ffffrff rrfrrr frfrrfr frffrfr rrfr January 23, 1947 ffrf frff ffrffr rrff rf rrfrfrr ffffrf rffr ff– February 18, 1947 rffffrrffr ffrfrffff ffffff rffff rffrf –rfff rrfrffr

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81 rfffffff rfff rfrf April 2, 1947 rfrfft rffffr ffrf f May 13, 1947 rfrtr ffrf rfffff frrfff rrffrf fffrrf— ftrfrf frrr frfrfff fffff May 17, 1947 rrfrff ’f ffffrfff frffrrff chapter fourteen

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82 fffrff ffrffrff’ff frffrfff fff r June 1, 1947 tfr’fff rfrrffrfffrf frffrfrfffrf rffrrr ffrffrrr rrrtffff rffrf July 1, 1947 rrfff ffftr fffff rrfff rfrfrrfr fff rff frfrrft rfffbfr rfftrr Home, School, Cuba

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83 July 5, 1947 ffrrr ffrrf trfff”f fffrfrrtn rrfffr fffrffrfr rrrtfrrf—rf frf rfrrrrfr ffrrff rfffrfr – r f — rrf rr t rffn rrfff frfff ff July 19, 1947 rfff frffr ffrff frfff ffr chapter fourteen

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84 Camp Chowenwaw ffrf rfrfrfr rffrr rfr ffrf rtrr rrrfrrfr frf nfrrrr rfftfrr ffrr rrftrfrffrfr rfrfrfrf rrff rrfr– August 2 1947 fffrffffff rfrffrfrrffrtf rfrrfrtrrffr frffffbfr frfrf “rfrf•f rtfrf rffrff frf ffr“•rrftff rrfr Home, School, Cuba

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85 f fftfnf frr frfff ffffrrff rf–ffr rffrff rffffr ftffrf frrffrff September 1, 1947 r frffff frtrf trfrrffrfff fffr ffffff frrfr ffffffff ffrfffrff rff fffffrr frff frrr rrfff rfftff chapter fourteen

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86 f—f–rr rfrrrff frrf ffrffff ffrffrf ffrffrr ffrfr rfrffrf –ffr f–nffrrrf rfrffrtrrffff —nrf rffrfr frfrr“•f rffrffff fffff rf frrffffrr frffffrf rff ffrrnf rfrrr rf October 21, 1947 frf ftrtfrrfr tfffrrrf Home, School, Cuba

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87 chapter fourteen 87 ffffr —fffffff ff— rfrfrr rffrrf frrfrfffr rfffff fffff rffffrrf rrf fftffr ffrrfrffffr ffr rf rtrfrf frfrrffrfff ff march of dimes rnf

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89 chapter fifteen 89 89 •u bf Wa Spng o chapter fifteen warm springs medical building warm springs georgia hall dining room

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90 Return to Warm Springs for Check-up 90 chapter fifteen M fffrnrrf trff ftrfrrff ffrfrff frffrrffrf fffrtfffrf rffbff fffrff rrffff fff fr ffrffftf ffrfrfff ffrfffff” ffr rrrbffff frffrf fffffrfrf bfrff ffrffftfr rrr June 29, 1948 nfrr frft rfrtffrr

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91 chapter fifteen 91 fffrtrr ffrfr bfrr nffrfrrb frftrnf frrfrf rfffrfr ffffr ffrftf fffrf ffrftffr rfrffrfr frrfffffr October 30, 1951 rfrfr ff fr–—b fffrrf ftrf—frfr frf tfrrfrff frtfrf ffrffrff ffr

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92 92 N ffrfr fr rffrrr ffrrfrfr rrfrrfrr fffrfrr rfffrfr rrfrfrrfrf frfffrr frffff frfffrrrrr nffrf frfrrrfrf rffrffrfrr rfrffrrfrff rrfr ffffrf frrfrr ffrfrfrfrf final thoughts B t B nd

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93 as“ Gb— B August 24, 1904 May 11, 1996 r–––frr fffrff’r––rffrf ffffff frrfrffrrrfr frrfrrfrrff r—fffrfrfr fffffrrrfrff rrff r follow up t B nd April 1, 1939 Wrien Summer 2003 bfrfrffrf rffrrfrfr rfrbrf ffbffrr ffrfrfrf rfrffr ffrffrff rffrfrrrffr frffrr rfffrrfffrfr rffrfrrffrr frfrffrrfr Updated Winter 2019 ff–brfff rrfrfrrfrfrf frfffrrfffrfrf rffrrrfrrr f”frfrrfff”f rfff fffrfrf brrfr fr

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94 Au B march 28, 1904 May 22, 1999 rfbfr–ff rrrffffffffrr rfrffttrrrffr frfrffff rffrfffr ffffffrrfr nrf rfrrbfrf rf–ffrf’f a B Di January 19, 1934 January 23, 1995 fbrfrfrfr rfrffr rffrrfrfffrf frfrr frfrfrfrr rrfrfrfffrf "P" T’t Gb— F november 9, 1907 february 25, 2002 ffrrfrff bfrr–—frfrrfr“•r fnrf Pt F m January 29, 193 8 nfrbfrf nr fr S Ber rrrr rr b•“ B O March 6, 1937 January 6, 1999

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96 books “• Lucky One: Making It Past Polio and Despair frnrr r“• The Polio Hole: the Story of the Illness that Changed America. trrn r“• Polio: An American Story. rrfn n“––• A History of Poliomyelitis. ’rrfn “• Polio and Its Aermath: The Paralysis of Culture. rrrf articles “–•rffb bfrrfrfrf rf“n•rf—“•– “• rrrfrfr“• rfrffnrf rfr“–• r frr –– r“• frrnrrfrrfrfff brrbfrff ––––“•— r–––––‘–—n–—— rn––

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97 Historical images Graphic design Elements www.peakpx.com rrb trffbrr frf Pixabay.com CC0 pxhere.com rrfrr nrr rawpixel.com frf The story of the Georgia Warm Springs Foundation, Twentieth Anniversary 1927-1947. S.S. Florida, passing through channel at Miami, Florida, upon arrival from Havana, Cuba, f–—– https://www.digitalcommonwealth.org/ search/commonwealth:nv9359861 March of Dimes Poster Child f—– –rrffrrnffrf frrfffrnrr https://texashistory.unt.edu/ ark:/67531/metapth63049/ Polio Oral History Project ffrrrffrf nrfrrrffrrffr brfrrffr r http://weekendamerica.publicradio.org/ programs/2005/04/09/20050409_oralhistory.html Back Cover Image: Edna black, Jacksonville Beach, 1946 bffff ftr

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