Celebrating Cuba! Collaborative Digital Collections of Cuban Patrimony

Material Information

Celebrating Cuba! Collaborative Digital Collections of Cuban Patrimony
Added title page title:
¡Celebrando Cuba! Colecciones Colaborativas de Patrimonio Cubano
George A. Smathers Libraries
de la Cruz-Fernández, Paula ( Author, Primary )
de la Cruz-Fernández, Paula ( Translator )
Russell, Judith C.
Hood, Barbara ( Designer )
Caraballo-Ramos, Nelissa ( Editor )
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, FL
George A. Smathers Libraries, UF
Physical Description:
Cover letter and report


Subjects / Keywords:
Cuba Initiative


In 2016, the Smathers Libraries announced its partnership with the Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí (BNJM) to create broad and deep open access to digital collections of Cuban materials. Under the 2016 agreement, the University of Florida and the BNJM initially identified four major projects for the development and exchange of digital content from and about Cuba: Cuban monographs; Cuban journals and newspapers; Cuban legal materials (being developed under the direction of LLMC-Digital); and Maps of Cuba. This report provides an update on activities as of January 2019.

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University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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The author dedicated the work to the Commons by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.


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1 George A. Smathers Libraries Quarterly Report, April 2021 Year 4, Issue 1 CELEBRATING CUBA! Collaborative Collections of Cuban Patrimony Celebrating Cuba! Collaborative Collections of Cuban Patrimony seeks to advance and centralize current digital surrogates of Cuban historical and cultural material with the ultimate goal of providing global access to Cuba’s patrimony. Celebrating Cuba! currently contains more than one million pages organized under 4,000 titles in ten dierent collections: Cuban Newspapers and Periodicals, Cuban Monographs including Cuban inkers and Intellectual Leaders, Maps of Cuba, Cuban Judaica, Archives and Manuscripts, Cuban Law, U.S. Government Publications about Cuba, and eses and Dissertations about Cuba . is is the result of several years of collaborative work between the George A. Smathers Libraries at the University of Florida ( ) and Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba Jos Mart ( BNJM, ) as well as other partner universities and contributors in the United States such as Cornell University, Duke University, Florida International University, Harvard University, HistoryMiami, Kent State University, Library of Congress (US), LLMC-Digital, New York Public Library, University of California Los Angeles, University of Kentucky, University of Miami, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Yale University. Materials are available at BNJM and through the University of Florida Digital Collections’ Celebrating Cuba! (UFDC www. ) site and simultaneously in the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC, ). Digital les are also available to partner institutions who wish to host materials locally. Specic current priority projects and links to digital collections for each one are on the following pages. If you are interested in learning more about specic initiatives or wish to participate in one or more of the projects, please contact . If you are interested in learning more about specic initiatives or wish to participate in one or more of the projects, please contact .


2 Cuban Newspapers and Periodicals e Cuban Newspapers and Periodicals digital collection ( ) includes newsletters, and periodicals published in Cuba and those published in the United States and other countries by Cubans or about Cuba cover a broad variety of topics such as Cuban politics, science, religion, entertainment, literature, history, arts, and culture. e majority of these serials date from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and the contents cover a broad variety of topics such as politics, science, religion, entertainment, literature, history, arts, and culture. e Celebrating Cuba! project collaborates with partners across the US, sharing les and metadata. e last few months have busy selecting, sharing, and ingesting metadata of serial publications available at University of California Los Angeles (UCLA’s) digital repository. e following titles were only available in Cuba and were digitized at the Instituto de la Historia in Havana, Cuba, in partnership with UCLA. All of them can be viewed through the digital copy held at the UCLA’s International Digital Ephemera Project. e physical microlm is located at BNJM. Fundamentos ( AA00079504/00001 ). Over a hundred issues of this magazine published in the 1960s have been made available. Fundamentos focused on politics and government, and its creator, Blas Roca, was a renowned politician and government ocial between 1976 and 1981. As part of his political career in the Partido Revolucionario de Cuba, he also published in serials such as Bohemia and La Gaceta de Cuba . e volumes available of La Claridad ( https://ufdc.u. edu/AA00080746/00001 ) run through 1890 and 1891. Another title now available through the UDFC’s Cuban Collections are 374 issues of Carta Semanal (1951-55) ( AA00080744/00001 ) a newspaper about politics and government. Digitized from microlm at the Instituto de Historia de Cuba and available through UCLA’s International Digital Ephemera Project, ). View of cover and page 3 of the March 3rd, 1891 issue of the newspaper La Claridad . Each issue is about four pages long and includes railways announcements, news about local administration, about the monarchy in Spain, and advertisements or avisos for insurance, bakeries, shoe vendors, and many other sellers. Cover of the issue published on May 2nd, 1951. e title’s headline is Boletn de la Comisin Ejecutiva Nacional del Partido Socialista Popular. e publication was produced clandestinely for some time in rst half of the twentieth century.


3 Cuban Newspapers and Periodicals (continued) Ideas Libres ( ) was a 1929 publication by the union of the Compa a Cubana de Electricidad (or the Cuban Utilities Company). It was published twice a month and included opinion articles about issues involving workers and commentaries on working conditions and conferences delivered for members of the union or the general public. e 1950 publication of La Chaveta ( https://ufdc. ) was also a politically centered publication published by the ”rgano de la Sociedad de Tabaqueros de La Habana. It discussed working conditions, general claims and opinions regarding the cigar industry, and commentaries on how to process and manufacture tobacco. irty-seven 1882 issues of the publication El Mudo , published by Adolfo Mrquez Sterling, can be viewed online ( ). Each issue is four pages and most of its content are avisos or ads for goods such as machinery, clothes, or perfume, or services such as tailoring or medical treatment. Another title recently added is El Cubano Libre ( ). e issue available is from 1898, and though the newspaper stopped publishing sporadically, it was reactivated a few times aer Mariano Corona Forrer created it. Along with other newspapers like Patria, El Cubano Libre turned to be an important venue for the communication and dissemination of ideas for Independence. Ideas Libres was created by Francisco Bretau and Pedro Estvez. Cover and back cover of El Mudo (1882). e ads in this publication represent a wide selection of sellers and providers of goods. Each of the avisos contain information about their location in Cuba. Issue of El Cubano Libre from 1898 featuring Jose Mart in its cover ( https:// )


4 Cuban Monographs For the Cuban Monographs collection, the project seeks to identify and digitize all monographs published in Cuba, as well as publications of important Cuban intellectuals outside of Cuba.e collection of Cuban Monographs ( ) includes bibliographic and literary materials on Cuba’s colonial past, eorts for self-governance, slavery, nationalism, foreign investment, crime, women’s rights, spirituality, popular culture, and human rights. e main goal of this collection is to identify and prioritize the digitization of Cuban bibliographic patrimony of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. e collection currently contains 814 titles, and the main contributors to the collection are BNJM, University of Florida, Harvard University, Kent State University, and University of North Carolina. e Cuban Monographs collection continues adding new content for the study of Cuba’s society and culture in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In recent months the collection has added new titles including Tembladera (1918, AA00076846/00001 ). is work is a playwright by Jos Antonio Ramos, who was known for his drama writings and other literary creation—over twenty titles published in the rst three decades of the 1900s in Latin America and Europe where he also lived—as well as for his dedication to upli Cuba’s literary landscape by creating, for example, the Sociedad de Fomento de Teatro in 1910. Ramos also wrote and published about his political ideas defending democracy and worked as a government ocial in Cuba. His French and English uency allowed him to take on dierent diplomatic roles, and in 1922 he became consul to the United States. He lived in Philadelphia and also worked at the University of Pennsylvania as a professor of Spanish. During Gerardo Machado’s presidency, Ramos decided to move to Mexico due to some allegations that he was not defending his government. Later he acted as a diplomat again in Italy and died back in Cuba in 1946. In Tembladera , Ramos deals with Cuban economic and land-related issues. e characters include upper class and European-educated men such as Mario, along with female domestic workers like Mar a, in acts of selshness, love, and everyday life, all representing dierent challenges and hopes for Cuba as a nation in the twentieth century. (Source: _Antonio_Ramos and , and Arrom, Jos Juan, “El teatro de Jos Antonio Ramos,” Revista Iberoamericana, University of Pittsburg) Another interesting and useful primary source recently added to the Cuban Monographs collection is the Descriptive ocial catalogue of the exhibits sent to the Bualo exhibition by the school council, Cienfuegos, Cuba (1901, ). e Bualo exhibition of 1901, also called the PanAmerican Exposition, is one of many celebrated in the United States between 1873 and the 1920s. Like other World Fairs, this one displayed both the wonders of newly invented machinery as well as the spectacles of US imperialism at the turn of the twentieth century. View of representatives from Cuba at the Pan-American Exposition in Bualo, United States. View of science display created by the Academia de Ciencias of the Universidad de La Habana.


5 Cuban Monographs (continued) In 1901, Cuba was a US protectorate under the Treaty of Paris signed in 1898 that concluded the Cuban War of Independence. e Cuban exhibition in Bualo included a large selection of embroidery and clothpainted drawings made in Cuban female schools. For example, there was a section with “embroidered handkerchiefs” made by Mrs. Waldina Pradera, a “Plan of the City of Cienfuegos,” embroidered by teacher Miss Flora A. Ramos, and “A map of Cuba, painting in watercolors, on cloth,” by Miss Adolna Nethol. Other goods included sheets, cushions, newspaper holders, and work created in the Cienfuegos Free Night School for Workingmen with oil-painted frames of Cuban Landscapes and “various demonstrative statements of the pupils enrolled, average attendance, and other data regarding the School.” e students from schools in Cienfuegos and other parts of Cuba that prepared the samples for the Cuban exhibit won prizes at the international fair. Another title in the collection Cuba en la Exposicin Pan Americana de Bualo (1901, AA00062758/00001 ), contains dozens of pages with the individual prizes delivered at the event including the ones awarded to embroidered goods. Across dierent pavilions, there were other displays by companies, by Universidad de La Habana, and by representatives of important sections of the Cuban economy such as the tobacco industry. View of section of the Saln de Tabacos prepared by the Cuban delegation at the Pan-American Exposition in Bualo, United States.


6 Cuban Thinkers and Intellectual Leaders e Cuban inkers and Intellectual Leaders collection ( ) includes works by and about a group of Cuban philosophers, scholars, clergy, scientists, and thinkers ( pensadores ) who advocated new ideas and signicantly inuenced the development of Cuba as an independent nation, particularly in the nineteenth century. ese intellectual leaders focused on social, political, economic, and cultural issues, and many were proponents of Cuban nationalism and Independence from Spain. e list of Cuban pensadores included in this collection is growing every day and includes works by: • Francisco Arango y Parreo (1765-1837) • Jos Mart n F lix de Arrate y Acosta (1701-1765) • Jos Agust n Caballero (1762-1835) • Juan Jos D az de Espada y Fernndez de Landa (1756-1802) • Mximo Gmez (1836-1905) • Pedro Jos Guiteras (1814-1890) • Jos de la Luz y Caballero (1800-1862) • Antonio Maceo (1845-1896) • Jos Mart (1853-1895) • Rafael Mar a Mendive y Daumy (1821-1886) • Domingo del Monte (1804-1853) • Pedro Agust n Morell de Santa Cruz (1694-1768) • Jacobo de la Pezuela (1812-1884) • Felipe Poey (1799-1891) • Toms Romay Chacn (1764-1894) • Jos Antonio Saco (1797-1879) • Ramn de la Sagra (1792-1871) • Ignacio Jos de Urrutia y Montoya (1735-1795) • F lix Varela (1788-1853) • Enrique Jos Varona (1849-1933) To facilitate access and research, the Cuban inkers collection seeks to gather entire bibliographies of Cuban intellectuals within the same collection. e latest list of works by one author added to the collection are three titles by Francisco Calcagno. e three titles take the reader closer to social life in Cuba during the nineteenth century. e earliest published title is Mesa revuelta (1860), a collection of essays and short novels on a wide range of topics from Greek mythology to commentaries on Portuguese authors and dierent literary genres and short stories about living in Havana ( https://ufdc.u. edu/AA00077705/00001 ). Los crmenes de Concha (1863, https://ufdc.u. edu/AA00077704/00001 ) takes place in Havana and features the ins and outs of a lawyer or judicial defender dealing with a homicide case. While describing the frenetic story of men and women seeking hints and proofs to solve the case, the novel also includes depictions of peoples and moments of early nineteenth century Havana. Las Lazo , published in 1893 ( AA00077703/00001 ), is a ctional piece featuring women living in the outskirts of Havana in the 1820s. It describes streets and homes, and dierent personas such as mothers, widows, and grandmothers, their dressing styles, accessories, and attitudes, and other everyday customs. Cover of Los crmenes de Concha (1863, AA00077704/00001 ).


7 Cuban Judaica e Cuban Judaica collection ( cubanjudaica ) currently includes 239 itesm. e collection mostly comprises holdings from the Temple Beth Shalom (Gran Sinagoga Bet Shalom) in Havana, Cuba, as well as material from the University of Florida’s Isser and Rae Price Library of Judaica ( ), which has over a quarter of a million pages online in the University of Florida’s Jewish Diaspora Collection ( https://ufdc.u. edu/judaica ). ere were no updates for this collection in this quarter. e team will continue to work to add more content and develop resources for users of this collection. Maps of Cuba e Maps of Cuba collection ( cubanmaps ) houses digital surrogates of items with maps of the geographical area of Cuba. e maps can be of the entire Gulf of Mexico, parts of the island of Cuba, or sections of the Caribbean Mexican coast, but they all contain a representation of the island and country of the Republic of Cuba. Five institutions in the United States have contributed maps to this collection: HistoryMiami, Library of Congress, University of Florida, University of Kentucky, and the University of Miami. ere are no updates for this collection in this quarter. e team is working with the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin to import this library’s digitized Cuban maps. Cuban Archives and Manuscripts e Cuban Archives and Manuscripts collection ( ) includes archival collections that document the history and culture of Cuba and holdings that relate to Cuba and Cubans since the seventeenth century. Curated collections with information in both English and Spanish are digitally accessible and documented at the Cuban Archives and Manuscripts online collection. ere are no updates for this collection in this quarter. e team will continue to work to add more content and develop resources for users of this collection. Cuban Law and Legal Materials e Cuban Law and Legal Materials collection ( ) includes historic through current Cuban law documents and related international documents. Contributors to this collection include LLMC Digital ( ) and partners in the Digital Library of the Caribbean. e Cuban Law and Legal Materials collection is rapidly growing with almost half a million digital pages available for users to explore Cuban historical legal documents. e partnership with LLMC Digital ( ), a consortium and nonprot organization that seeks to preserve and digitize the world’s legal patrimony, is essential for the development of the collection and other law collections of the Digital Library of the Caribbean.


8 Cuban Law and Legal Materials (continued) Recently, the Celebrating Cuba! team added two titles related to urban development and regulations in Habana, one for 1827, Ordenanzas municipales ( ), and one for 1914, Ordenanzas de construccin para la ciudad de la Habana y pueblos de su trmino municipal ( ). Ordenanzas municipales is a government/royal publication, published by the Imprenta del Gobierno y Capitan a General and approved by the Real Consejo de Indias in Madrid. e compilation sets up rules to develop construction in the city of Havana and also reformerled proposals to invigorate and improve life in the capital. It informs of the possible nes that a person using unocial or fake measure units would incur. e document also regulates commerce and rules for mercaderes or sellers retailing and trading dierent products like wine. Related to these commodities, there is a section that orders not to sell wine to indios or indigenous people because of their disorderly consumption practices. e title Ordenanzas de construccin para la ciudad de la Habana y pueblos de su trmino municipal published in 1914 denes the city limits of the city of Havana, dispositions to build spaces such as squares and gardens, and locations to open up boulevards. ese measures followed a movement to modernize and beautify urban centers across the Western world. Racial and gender categories surfaced across all these processes, as ocials dened decency and property norms in public spaces. For example, a well-known case of urban renewal was Paris in the mid-nineteenth century. Led by ocial Georges-Eugne Haussmann, Paris’ boulevards and architecture underwent a process of beautication between 1853 and 1870. Madrid’s urban organization and appearance also changed during the nineteenth century with new sewage systems and remodeled buildings becoming symbols of these urban centers’ growth as both commercial and government centers. As the ordenanzas and other sources demonstrate, these developments were not exceptional to Europe. Titles like Ordenanzas municipales ( http://ufdc. ) and Ordenanzas de construccin para la ciudad de la Habana y pueblos de su trmino municipal ( AA00004236/00001 ) reect how some of these processes unfolded in the law in the Spanish colonies as well as the societal anxieties they created. To further study this phenomenon in Cuba, Louis A. P rez’s book, Intimations of Modernity: Civil Culture in Nineteenth-Century Cuba (2017) studies how the Cuban middle class fostered commerce and culture in the streets of Havana in the nineteenth century. Title pages of Ordenanzas municipales ( AA00064414/00001 ) digitized by Harvard University, and Ordenanzas de construccin para la ciudad de la Habana y pueblos de su trmino municipal ( AA00004236/00001 ) digitized at the University of Florida.


9 Problem ( ), and it is a three volume publication of the hearings that took place to regulate the increasing number of Cuban nationals that arrived in the United States in the mid 1960s. US Government Documents About Cuba e goal of the US Government Documents About Cuba collection ( ) is to identify, catalog, and make available U.S. government document publications that relate to Cuba. In 2017, UF agreed to serve as a Center of Excellence (COE) for the Collaborative Federal Depository Program managed by the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL). As the COE for Cuba, UF catalogs, preserves, and makes available both print and digital collections of all available U.S. government documents relating to Cuba, regardless of the publishing agency. e new additions to the US Government Documents About Cuba collection include titles about the “good neighbor” policy, treaties on the maritime boundaries between Cuba and the United States, the U.S.-Cuba migration agreement of 1988 ( AA00076654/00001 ) and other documents related to immigration, a publication about Soviet-US relations in regards to Cuba, writings on the Cuban sugar industry, and much more. Two new titles in the collection are related to the “refugee problem” and published by the United States Printing Oce. e Cuban Refugee Problem ( ) discusses how to best deal with the Cuban political crisis and the subsequent migration of thousands of Cubans to the US aer 1959. e document was published in 1963 and documents the years 1962 and 1963. Another meaningful document to read in combination with this is also titled the Cuban Refugee First page of the Cuban Refugee Problem ( AA00076609/00001 ) published in 1966. Theses and Dissertations About Cuba e eses and Dissertations About Cuba collection ( ) preserves research and scholarship about Cuba that has been produced by graduate students outside of Cuba. e collection currently contains a total of 90 manuscripts produced by graduate students, included here are several undergraduate honors theses, at the University of Florida over the past 70 years, with studies on a variety of topics ranging from identity politics, Cubans in exile, literature, the sugar industry in Cuba, race, slavery, and the Cuban armed forces. ere were no updates for this collection in this quarter. e team will continue to work to add more content and develop resources for users of this collection.