SOURCE Magazine, Fall 2020

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SOURCE Magazine, Fall 2020
Alternate title:
Source The Magazine of the University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries
George A. Smathers Libraries ( issuing body )
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Florida
George A. Smathers Libraries
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Academic libraries -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Gainesville ( lcsh )
George A. Smathers Libraries ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


"SOURCE offers the reader an opportunity to view remarkable materials from our collections, learn about our innovative research and collaborations both in the Libraries and with other colleagues throughout the University and beyond, and explore highlights of exceptional faculty and student services provided by the Smathers Libraries". ( ,,,, )
Scope and Content:
This title is the companion publication to "News from the SOURCE", primarily published in electronic format.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with: Fall 2018
General Note:
"The magazine of the University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries".
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Description based on: Fall 2018; title from caption.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Fall 2018.
Creation/Production Credits:
Managing Editor & Designer: Tracy MacKay-Ratliff; Associate Editors: Perry Collins, Chelsea Johnston; SOURCE Committee: Lauren Adkins, April Hines, Ellen Knudson, Suzanne C. Stapleton; Communications Director: Barbara Hood; LibraryPress@UF Editor-in-Chief, Laurie N. Taylor; LibraryPress@UF Director, Judith C. Russell

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University of Florida
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This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative License. This license allows others to download this work and share them with others as long as they mention the author and link back to the author, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
Resource Identifier:
1051213143 ( OCLC )
036380527 ( ALEPH )
Z733.F56 C32 ( lcc )

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News from the source


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PAGE 1 1 REMARKABLE MATERIALS EXCEPTIONAL STUDENT & FACULTY OUTREACH INNOVATIVE RESEARCH The discovery of a great-grandfather’s soldier story and the scholarly impact on today’s digital world. FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 Open Access UF Smathers Libraries Magazine 1897-1977 Normandy, France Albert Huet


DIRECTOR Judith C. Russell EDITOR IN CHIEF Laurie N. Taylor MANAGING EDITOR & DESIGNER Tracy E. MacKay-Ratliff COMMUNICATIONS DIRECTOR Barbara Hood ASSOCIATE EDITORS Perry Collins Chelsea Johnston SOURCE COMMITTEE All members listed above and Lauren Adkins April Hines Ellen Knudson Suzanne C. Stapleton CONTRIBUTORS Listed in Table of Contents FIND US ONLINE MORE INFO & SUBMISSIONS CONTACT US Have a story you’d like to see featured in SOURCE? Send us your ideas! SOURCEUFLIB.UFL.EDU SUBSCRIBE TO SOURCE SOURCEUFLIB.UFL.EDU SUPPORTING THE LIBRARIES Smathers Libraries thanks you! Support from private donors like you is essential to continue to build the collections—both print and electronic— and provide outstanding services to students and faculty. DEVELOPMENT OFFICE UFLIB.UFL.EDUGIVING 22 THE WORLD WAR I DIARY OF ALBERT HUET Hlne Huet European Studies Librarian TABLE OF CONTENTS PO Box 117000, Gainesville, FL 32611 352/273.2635 ISSN (PRINT): 2576-5817 ISSN (ONLINE): 2576-5825 FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 On the Cover

PAGE 3 3 6 MY SCRAPBOOK OF MY ILLNESS WITH POLIO Nina Stoyan-Rosenzweig Contributing Editor & Libraries Senior Associate Highlights & Spotlights 8 FEDERAL DEPOSITORY LIBRARY PROGRAM Sarah Erekson Regional Government Documents Librarian 14 DINOSAURS IN 3D Amanda Kane Access Services Assistant II Jean Bossart Engineering Librarian Sara Russell Gonzalez Associate Chair, Marston Science Library 28 THE REEL STUFF Boyd Murphree AV Project Manager 32 SMATHERS LIBRARIES GRADUATE INTERNSHIP IN OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL MANAGEMENT Ginessa Mahar Anthropology Librarian; 2019-20 Faculty Advisor Megan Hann Fry Coordinating Editor for NFJA 36 MADAGASCAR AZ Michele R. Tennant Head of the Smathers Libraries’ Academic Research Consulting and Services (ARCS) Team 42 VALENTINE REMIX Perry Collins Scholarly Communications Librarian Lisa Campbell Instruction & Outreach Librarian Chelsea Johnston Scholarly Publishing & Repository Librarian


FOLLOW US @uflib WEBSITE GETS A MAKEOVER! Keep up with all that is happening at Smathers Libraries. If you haven’t seen SOURCE Magazine’s sister digital publication, News from the SOURCE , you can read it here: edu/ at-a-glance/publications/ This newsletter publishes biannually in December and May.

PAGE 5 5 I am pleased to welcome you to this issue of SOURCE: the Magazine of the University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries , published by the LibraryPress@UF. This is an open access journal, distributed primarily in electronic format. SOURCE offers library employees an opportunity to share our stories, as we work together for resiliency and compassion. Our cover for this issue features the article by Dr. Hlne Huet, our European Studies Librarian, telling of her work to preserve and share her grandfather’s journal from World War I. Thanks to work by the Libraries and collaborators, the journal is openly online with images, transcriptions, and translations, which support new teaching and research, as well as her family connection to history. Also in this issue are articles on a collaborative project to 3D print dinosaur models, student research where students collaboratively created an award-winning book about Madagas car, the wealth of information in government documents and the intricate work required by these complex resources, a book telling the story of polio in a child’s voice, and more. Despite dramatically different disciplinary areas and methods, these articles speak to the fullness of our work at the Libraries as we enable new possibilities. The stories here illuminate our work as a community that practices kindness, especially in times of crisis, both within the Libraries and as part of our broader communities for research, teaching, life-long learning, innovation, and joy. We welcome your feedback and ideas. Please let us know what you think and we hope you enjoy reading this very special issue of SOURCE . MESSAGE FROM DEAN OF THE LIBRARIES Judith C. Russell Dean of University Libraries


6 MY SCRAPBOOK OF MY ILLNESS WITH POLIO Author: Nina Stoyan-Rosenzweig , Contributing Editor & Libraries Senior Associate Free PDF online at UF Digital Collections: Or order a print copy through University of Florida Press: M y Scrapbook of My Illness with Polio is the story of one child’s experience with polio in the 1940s. When Edna Hindson, then Edna Black, was diagnosed with polio in 1946, she spent time in the hospital and at Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Warm Springs Rehabilitation Facility in Georgia recovering and regaining mobility. During a six-year period, her mother kept a daily diary describing events in her daughter’s life—in her daughter’s voice. This voice makes the polio journal unique, telling a story that also is becoming increasingly rare—a narrative about a life-changing illness that now is vanishing from the public consciousness. Check out more online: Edna with walking stand in her new brace.

PAGE 7 In the 1940s, paralytic polio had become epidemic in America, infecting mostly children and causing widespread fear as outbreaks moved across the country in the warmer months. The increasing prevalence of the disease, and the fact that the American presi dent elected to four terms was para lyzed by polio, called public attention to the condition and the need for funding research for a cure, or at least a vaccine. This motivated Amer icans to send their dimes to the White House. With this effort, and continu ing dedication to protect America’s children, vaccines were created in the 1950s and early 1960s. Since that time, concerted efforts to vaccinate children have eliminated the three wild forms of the disease from the United States. As with many infectious diseases that were once a public threat, Americans have no memory of the fear and panic that accompanied the seasonal polio outbreaks. This journal thus helps to capture this history and thus to recap ture a history of how infectious disease shaped American society, and shaped individual lives. Edna’s physical scrapbook and the collection of related materials—cards, photos, and memorabilia—were included in the Smith sonian Institution’s exhibit “Whatever Happened to Polio,” and boxes of materials are part of the Smithsonian’s archives. Edna had a copy of the story, and it was Stoyan-Rosenzweig. Nina met Edna through a polio survivor’s group and, once she was aware of the unique nature of the document, she contacted the LibraryPress@UF to see about publishing it as a book. To make this unique piece of history available for a wide audience, the book is currently available for free download from the UF Digital Collections and is purchasable as a print-on-demand volume through UF Press. With the recent pandemic, the story of polio—complete with the work to develop a vaccine, how our world responded together, and the individ ual stories of those with polio—is all the more relevant. In addition, Edna and Nina continue to share this story through presentations. Ongoing work also includes plans to interview polio survivors in north Florida. Co-authors & polio survivor Lasssie Goodbread Black & Edna Ray Black Hindson


“ Shelf after shelf, stretching over a mile & a half, these unembellished books give no visual clues to their importance or value they have within.” Sarah Erekson Erekson in the stacks of the University of Florida’s Regional Federal Depository Documents Collection located off campus and housed in the Auxiliary Library Facility.

PAGE 9 T he University of Florida has provided stewardship for govern ment documents since 1907. As part of the Federal Depository Library Program, the Smathers Libraries provides access to millions of items that openly record the activities of the federal government and inform the public. In 1962, Senator Spessard Holland designated the University of Florida as a Regional Depository Library; as such, it provides expertise and leadership, and collects everything that the government publishes. There have been four previous regional government documents librarians in the UF Libraries, averaging a dozen years of service in the role. Currently, Sarah Erekson serves in that role, coordinating with libraries throughout Florida, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands, and liaising with the US Government Publishing Oce. Author: Sarah Erekson , Regional Government Documents Librarian FEDERAL DEPOSITORY LIBRARY PROGRAM


FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 documents two decades ago, a colleague noted that it was the “ugliest” part of the library because the books all look the same. United States Congressional Hearings may look monotonous: there are a lot of them, they are the same size, and have the same kind of cover. On shelf after shelf, stretching over a mile and a half, these unembellished books give no visual clues to their importance or value they have within. sinking of the Titanic ; testimony of Mr. Fred Rogers about funding programs for children; or the Florida Hurricane Disaster: Hearings before the Committee on World War Veterans’ Legislation, House of Repre sentatives, Seventy-fourth Congress, Second Session on H.R.9486: a Bill for the Relief of Widows, Children and Dependent Parents of World War Veterans who Died as the Result of the Florida Hurricane at Wind ley Island and Matecumbe Keys, September 2, 1935. UF HEARINGS PROJECT TIMELINE: • regional commitment (Libraries in the Southeast) • able to obtain sets in better condition (i.e., rainbow of buckram bindings) • claim “needs” using the ASERL disposition database (UF-hosted database) • national commitment to retain • contribute digitized versions • catalog collection • retain print in a shared repository (FLARE) 1 2 .GOV .GOV


11 People might think that such an essential piece of democracy would be easy to access, complete, and available in many geograph ic locations throughout the country. The answer to the questions “What has Con gress done?” or “What is Congress doing?” should not require an advanced degree in Knox to access. In the case of the Florida Hurricane Disaster of 1935, the federal government had sent 25,000 World War I veterans to camps in Florida for “recon ditioning.” After a storm directly hit the camps, killing more than 250 veterans, Con gress needed to investigate what happened and determine the appropriate response. The hearing included: text of legisla tion providing for relief to the widows and orphans, testimony of forecasters from the Weather Bureau, witnesses who experienced the storm, and veterans work ing for the Federal Emergency Relief Admin istration. These provide vital insights for those studying how to make better disaster preparations, or the history of meteorolo gy. Additionally, these essential resources support the general public, as with people reconstructing family histories, or graph ing government payouts for disaster relief over time. Whether for those interested in reviewing government actions or relying on the government to preserve something of value, the information should be readily available to every citizen in every congres sional district in the country. But it is not. • Re-interpretation of Title 44 United States Code, meant GPO wanted more collaboration across state lines • ASERL Centers of Excellence in Florida (hearings) and Georgia (maps) meant we could share collections that were burdensome (space and cataloging) but • approved Smathers Libraries as a shared regional depository library with UGA Libraries (July 2020). This will provide easier access to more comprehensive Federal resources for residents of Florida, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Georgia. UF HEARINGS PROJECT TIMELINE: the uncataloged: • 90k+ new records • most comprehensive cataloged collection 3 4 .GOV .GOV “The questions ‘What has Congress done?’ or ‘What is Congress doing?’ should not require an advanced degree in computer science to find or a trip to Fort Knox to access.” Sarah Erekson


The UF Libraries, home to six Senate collections in the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History, became the most comprehensive and discoverable collection of U.S. Congressional Hearings in the country. This is because of natural and man-made disasters, technological changes in print ing and publishing, and an avalanche of materials coming faster than institutions have resources to process. Even with a web of libraries participating throughout the country, no one could claim to have a complete set of government publi cations. The depository program was designed around states and congressio nal districts, so interstate collaboration was limited. But led by Dean of Libraries Judith Russell, UF pushed forward the idea that government information is a national collection—no one library could or should have everything, but working together, each one having a part, we can come closer to the goal of compre hensiveness. In 2006, the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries enhanced collaborative efforts to create comprehensive collections within the eleven state region, without redundan cy. The University of Florida Libraries committed to becoming a “Center of Excellence” for the U.S. Congressional Hearings. Because of the size and com plexity of these materials (remember a mile and a half), this was an ambitious undertaking. While statistics prior to the 2011 implementation are anecdotal, hearings were obtained. With a new tool, built and hosted by the UF Libraries, the Libraries acquired missing Congressional Hearings. Approximately 250 Hearings were obtained from other libraries in the Southeast. Furthermore, hundreds of libraries across the country had been receiving printed Congressional Hearings since the 1800s. The sheer amount meant that most libraries did not provide the basic information that is expected of a library — having a record of what it is and where Government Documents Cataloging Team processed each of the 91,546 hearings in the Smathers Libraries collection. Even though none of these were considered to create many original records—no other library in the world had made a record of the hearing! The hearings weren’t rare, they were just rarely cataloged. The volume of U.S. Congressional Hear ings was not the only barrier to providing greater access. They are also some of the most complex or cumbersome books to catalog. A reader may remember a hear ing’s short title, like the Florida Hurri cane Disaster; but to provide searchable and accurate records, all 54 words of that title have to be transcribed. It takes not just expertise but a certain gusto to catalog nearly one hundred thousand books. Luckily, the UF Government Doc uments Cataloging Team had the right stuff. After this project, everyone can discover the full content of the hearings: the names of the committee members and witnesses, text of the bill, testimony of witnesses, supporting documentation such as letters or newspaper articles.


13 1997 Technology in the classroom : panacea or Pandora’s box? 2003 Smooth sailing or an impending wreck? : the impact of new visa & passport requirements . 2003 U.S. borders : safe or sieve? 2004 Handoff or fumble? : are DOD and VA providing seamless health care coverage to transitioning veteran . 2005 Geospatial information : are we headed in the right direction, or are we lost? 2009 United States Trustee Program : watchdog or attack dog? 2011 Ready-to-eat or not? : examining the impact of leafy greens marketing agreements. 2017 Prudent planning or wasteful binge? : a look at the end of the year spending. Check out a sampling of past hearings, many still relevant today. The University of Florida Libraries was one of the first institutions in the country to commit to leader ship when it comes to assurances that government information would be accessible and available in perpetuity. First, as a Regional Depository Library. Then by leading the Southeastern Research Librar ies to collaborate and prioritize resources. And now by devoting dedicated and expert sta to catalog the Congressional Hearings and more.


FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1


15 F or decades, dinosaur fossils have been taken from their ancient resting grounds in Mongolia, and transported to museums, research facilities, and illicit private collections outside of the country. Recently, however, thanks to the collaboration of Marston Engineering Librarian Jean Bossart, Florida Museum of Natural History Paleontologist Michael Ziegler, and Mongo lian Paleontologist Dr. Bolortsetseg ‘Bolor’ Minjin, a set of 3D-printed dinosaur models recently made the 7,000-mile trip between Marston Science Library and their rightful home. Authors: Amanda Kane , Access Services Assistant II Jean Bossart , Engineering Librarian Sara Russell Gonzalez , Associate Chair, Marston Science Library Mongolian educator and participant of the ISMD summer workshop taking measurements of 3D-printed Velociraptor mongoliensis skull. Dr. Bolor Minjin (bottom left), Gabriel Santos (top middle left) and Michael Ziegler (top middle right). Institute for the Study of Mongolian Dinosaurs (ISMD) team and 2019 summer workshop participants. DINOSAURS IN 3D


16 Mongolian family explores the interactive exhibits on the ISMD Moveable Museum and listens to information from a student leader. Mongolian students lining up to enter the ISMD Moveable Museum.

PAGE 17 The Gobi Desert, within Mongolia, is host to some of the most exciting and impressive paleontological discoveries. However, the histo ry of paleontology in Mongolia is and fossil hunters visiting to do sils from their home country. Dr. Minjin recognized that her coun try’s treasure of dinosaur fossils was being steadily lost to this illicit fossil market. She led efforts to re verse these losses by founding the of Mongolian Dinosaurs (ISMD). The ISMD focuses on repatriation of dinosaur fossils from the scat tered corners of the globe to its own Central Museum of Mongolian Dinosaurs in Ulaanbaatar. They also seek to build the next genera tion of Mongolian paleontologists, through educational outreach and professional training, who can lead Mongolian students tour the ISMD Moveable museum and ask Dr. Bolor Minjin questions.


FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 “Fossils can be rare or delicate and are often housed in research universities or museums. Printing high-fidelity models of these discoveries allow fossils to be, in a way, rediscovered and enjoyed by educators and students worldwide.” The Smathers Libraries’ 3D service printed 16 copies each of the Psittacosaurus and Velociraptor skulls to share with K-12 educators in Mongolia. Michael Ziegler

PAGE 19 of leaving the task to foreign research ers who will continue to spirit away the evidence of Mongolia’s rich natu ral history. The ISMD holds training workshops for K-12 teachers, and even hosts a mobile museum bus that visits schools across rural Mongolia, inspiring an interest in paleontology in the next generation. This can be a challenge, however, as the removal of most of the fossils from Mongolia means there is little to show the students. Michael Ziegler is a partner with the ISMD and recently visited Mongolia to assist with the education of K-12 teachers. Before he left Florida, Ziegler contacted Jean Bossart and Sara Gon zalez to see if the Smathers Libraries 3D service could collaborate in printing 32 copies of 3D scans of the skulls of Velo ciraptor mongoliensis , more commonly known as the ever popular Velociraptor , and Psittacosaurus amitabha , a new ly discovered species of Ceratopsian dinosaur from central Mongolia. These prints would provide the children in Mongolia with real, tangible examples of their native dinosaur fossils. 3D printing is a manufacturing process to build physical models layer by layer. The Smathers Libraries has offered 3D-printing services since 2014, and it has become incredibly popular in Anyone, from UF student and staff to use the service if they have a 3D model. Ziegler’s models of the Velociraptor and Psittacosaurus skulls were created by 3D scanning existing fossils, which al lowed for a high degree of accuracy and realism. Moreover, the fossils were just 3D printers. However, the Marston 3D printers typically deposit layers of plas tic in 0.02 mm thickness. Each layer be ing meticulously added by the machine, one after another, with such a minute attention to detail, meant that each dinosaur head took approximately 14 hours to complete. The 3D team knew that Ziegler would be leaving for Mon golia in only ten days. So, determined to complete the project in time, they set up a system to leave the printers running all through the night, almost ies of the dinosaur skulls in time. They to package the fossil models and carry them in his luggage to Mongolia.


FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 The models were enthusiastically received by the educators in Mongolia. Lessons were designed that allowed students to measure the length of a Velociraptor skull and use this to estimate how large the dinosaur’s whole body would have been. Many expressed surprise to learn how small these dinosaurs actually were in life, usually no higher than a human knee. Another lesson compared the formation of the teeth on the Velociraptor and the Psittacosaurus . Students were encouraged to guess from the shape of their teeth what these dinosaurs would have eaten while they were alive, using the teeth of modern animals with known diets as a point of compar ison. The skulls were also used in the mobile museum, allowing not just children but entire families who had never seen fossils before to experience their country’s rich natural history. (lateral view), from the early Cretaceous Period (around 125 million years ago) of Mongolia. 16 full-scale replicas were printed out and used in an ISMD lesson plan geared towards analyzing what diet of a dinosaur would be based on the shape of their teeth. 3D model of the Herbivorous dinosaur, Psittacosaurus amitabha skull

PAGE 21 And these projects were just the beginning. When asked about the potential applications of 3D printing to paleontology, Ziegler was enthusiastic and insightful. He explained that one of the best facets of 3D printing was its ability to scale a model perfectly without losing the integrity. This “allows researchers to create 3D models of any size, from giant extinct bison ( Bison latifrons ) to microscopic singlecelled organisms called Foraminifera and resize them to print out for educational use.” Education and outreach are important aspects of the Smathers Libraries’ mission, and those objectives were well and truly achieved by this project. Ziegler explains, “Fossils and 3D models are gateways into STEM and help highlight larger concepts like what makes a fossil a fossil, the process of science and deep time. 3D printing often cap tures the attention by taking abstract concepts or fossils of unimag inable size and putting them into the hands of learners as a tangible object.” By collaborating with Dr. Minjin, the ISMD, and Michael Ziegler, the 3D print team has contributed not just 32 plastic printed dinosaur skulls, but an example of a history that is being lost, and an inspiration for generations of Mongolian paleontologists to come. (lateral view), from the late Cretaceous Period (around 75 million years ago) of Mongolia. 16 full-scale replicas were printed out and used in an ISMD lesson plan aimed at calculating the mass of a Velociraptor if it were alive. 3D model of the carnivorous dinosaur, Velociraptor mongoliensis skull


FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 1897-1977 Normandy, France Albert Huet DIARY OF A FRENCH SOLDIER


I n 2015, just before I started my position as the European Studies Librarian at the University of Florida, my aunt found a notebook she had never seen before while cleaning my grandparents’ garage. This notebook belonged to my great-grandfather, Albert Huet. Albert used this notebook to narrate his life as a soldier during World War I. We believe Albert wrote this account after he was diagnosed with larynx cancer in 1955. While he never discussed with his family what happened to him during the War, he also likely did not want to forget his experiences and was unsure what the outcome of his cancer treatment would be. These few pages, therefore, tell his story from 1916 until the Armistice in November 1918. Author: Hlne Huet , European Studies Librarian


FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 In collaboration with the Digital Services Department, I had these pages digitized in 2016, alongside additional documents pertaining to Albert’s time in the army such as photos of him as a soldier and his regiment. All these docu ments are now featured as their own collection on the University of Florida Digital Collections — . What follows is the story of Albert, a man whose diary can teach us about French soldiers’ experience during WWI. What follows as well is a description of the impact a digital project such as The World War I Diary of Albert Huet can have on an international community of students and scholars. Albert Huet’s Regiment Albert Huet and a Fellow Soldier

PAGE 25 ALBERT HUET Albert Huet was born on December 14, 1897, in a small village in Norman dy, France. In January 1916, he was drafted into the French Army. Albert received little training before being sent to the Ardennes front, a dangerous combat zone at that point in the war. His diary talks about the daily life of soldiers in the trenches: diseases like measles, the mail censorship, the bones of dead soldiers that were disinterred by exploding shells, the shattered towns, the mud, the lice, the constant noise, and more. Additionally, his diary focuses on what he sees as the incompetence and idiocy of the generals and politicians in charge, who he says are just blood thirsty, sending men to die without reason or strategy. Albert also is not shy about wanting to desert. Several times, he writes about wanting to turn back and mentions the various revolts by the soldiers, affecting division after division. His narration is chronological but also follows a stream of consciousness. While Albert could read and write, his education was minimal. His grammar and spelling are irregular, which can make the diary hard to understand, especially for a non-native French speaker. Soldier’s card of Albert Huet


FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 DIGITAL PROJECT To promote the digitization of Albert’s diary in 2016, I decided to include it on my professional website, linking all the images to UFDC . I shared the news of the digitization on social media and through various email lists. Quickly, the diary garnered interest from historians both in France and in the US. For instance, Albert’s diary is now featured on the website of the Collectif de Recherche Inter national et de Dbat sur la Guerre de 1914-1918 , whose mission is to promote and share with the wider public knowledge about World War I. But perhaps the biggest impact the dig ital project has had is in the classroom. The diary is now featured in classroom assignments, including an assignment designed by Dr. Amanda Shoaf Vin cent at Wake Forest University, who uses the diary as a primary source to explain WWI to her students. Moreover, the project was used by Dr. Lynn Palermo from Susquehanna University in a summer grant project in 2018 that funded two undergrad uate students to work on translating the diary. The goal of this project was to enhance students’ language development, as the project gave students a chance to translate a pri mary historical text that had never before been translated into English. Thanks to their work, for each page of the diary, my website now features an image of the page (linking to UFDC), a direct transcription of the text, a standard French version that regular izes Albert’s spelling and grammar, and an English translation. This example highlights how digital projects can be enriched by collaboration across insti tutions. Indeed, Albert’s experience of the Great War is now available to a wider public, which broadens its impact. CONCLUSION In 1918, Albert got lost in the woods, and came across a regiment of Ger regiment and alert them to what was coming. This action saved his comrades’ lives and for this action, he received a medal. In October of the same year, he was a victim of a German gas attack. holes, so, to save himself, he stole an other mask from a fallen soldier’s body. But by that time, it was nearly too late. The Certificate of Commendation for Albert Huet

PAGE 27 On the verge of death, Albert was sent to a hospital to convalesce from exposure to poison gas. While recovering, he considered deserting if he received orders to go back to the front. He would rather be sent to prison, he wrote, as there are fewer chances to die there. Luckily for him, on November 11, 1918, the Armistice was signed. The War was over. He could go home, alive. Once home, Albert never showed off his medals. And he never really talked about the War. These pages are the only account we have of his experience. We now all know a little bit more about Albert and what it was like for a young man from the countryside to participate in one Check out more online: See Transcription, Standardized French Text, and English Translation of this diary page: albert-huets-diary “I am incredibly thankful not only for the existence of this diary but also to the George A. Smathers Libraries for playing such an important role in making it widely and openly avail able to thousands of people across the world.” Hlne Huet Albert Huet’s WWI Diary In July 2020, my father, Grard Huet, published a book in French entitled Dieu est mort. It is told through the perspective of his grandfather Albert Huet and is about Albert’s WWI experience. It’s based on stories Albert used to tell my father, as well as Albert’s diary. It is told with my dad’s sense of humour and he had a lot of fun writing it.


THE REEL STUFF A s Florida entered the 1940s, growth from tourism and development encroached into formerly hidden Seminole settle ments in the swamps and forests of the Everglades. J. Harold Matteson, a young naturalist, recorded the chants and songs of Seminole healers amidst the vastness of the Big Cypress Swamp as a means of preserving “vestiges of a much richer life which has vanished due to the coming of whites in ever increasing numbers to what was formerly a cloistered Indian world.” These previously unidentified and unpublished Seminole recordings are now available in the University of Florida’s Digital Collections as a result of Special and Area Studies Collections (SASC) ongoing audiovisual digitization project. Author: Boyd Murphree , AV Project Manager

PAGE 29 inventory include hours of interviews with Coretta Scott King from the Alden and Allene G. Hatch Papers, interviews of Rosa Parks in the James S. Haskins Papers, pioneering baseball announcer Red Barber’s interviews with such baseball greats as Casey Stengel and Willie Mays, and interviews of Barber, who recounts the early years of sports broadcasting. In addition, among SASC’s extensive political collections, there are years of recordings from Senator George A. Smathers’ radio and TV broadcasts in which the senator interviewed prom 1960s, including John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, J. Edgar Hoover, and Robert Kennedy, who talks about the Senate’s investigation of Teamster boss Jimmy Hoffa. Edison grooved disc recording for Senator George A. Smathers weekly TV program. The senator used his television and radio programs to inform Floridians about Congressional legislation and issues confronting Florida and the nation. He often interviewed politicians and government officials. In this recording from August 24, 1964, a few weeks after the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which led to massive American military intervention in Vietnam, Smathers interviews Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield. Senator Mansfield voted for the passage of the resolution, but he later became an outspoken opponent of the war.


FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 Digitized items from various formats (left to right): one of fourteen cassette tapes (two others are also displayed) of James Haskins’ interviews of Rosa Parks; a Gould-Moody “Black Seal” recording blank containing a portion of J. Harold Matteson’s recordings of Seminole medicine chants; a U-matic videocassette from the University of Florida Archives; an LP of a 1963 “Hootenanny” (folk singing gathering) at the Florida Union; a disc recording, “Florida Folk Songs in Review,” played on the University’s WRUF radio station in the 1950s; “Florida Favorites,” a set of four 78 rpm records of Orange and Blue classics as well as old Florida songs; a proposed book cover from the James S. Haskins Papers for a Rosa Parks autobiography aimed at the young adult audience; an Edison grooved disc from the large collection of recordings from the Senator George A. Smathers TV and radio programs in the George A. Smathers Papers.


31 One of the central international challenges faced by the United States ence in Latin America and the Caribbean during the 1960s. The audiovisual project has contributed to the documentation of this history by digitizing interviews of Cuban revolutionary leaders, including Fidel Castro, and Miami Herald reporter Al Burt’s interviews of anti-Castro Cuban exiles working to overthrow the Castro regime. Other digitized items from the Canal Zone from SASC’s Panama Canal Museum Collection. These recordings range from a copy of a 1926 General Electric documentary on the building of the canal to home movies from “Zonians,” residents of the Panama Canal Zone. Closer to home, the audiovisual proj ect has digitized a portion of the large holdings of recordings in the University Archives. Among these items are UF pro motional videos, audiovisual documenta tion of the work of the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, a Glee Club record from 1941, a hootenanny LP of student folksingers from the early 1960s, and a series of Gator Growl sketches and events from the 1990s. Additional Uni versity Archives material currently being digitized includes legendary UF history Professor Michael Gannon’s Conversation television program, which was broadcast on WUFT in the 1970s and 1980s in 133 episodes. Gannon interviewed UF faculty, administrators, and coaches as well as visiting speakers, including William F. Buckley, Tom Wolfe, and John Houseman. The collections outlined in this article are a tiny segment of the almost 5,000 audiovisual assets in SASC collections. Although the largest portion of the AV items are videocassette—Betamax, U-Matic, and VHS—the collections contain a wide variety of analog media. Among these are transcription discs from radio stations, 2 inch quad video tape, audiocassettes, LPs, and 8 mm and contain substantial born digital items. SACS’s audiovisual project is an ongoing effort to bring the Smathers’ Libraries “reel stuff” to light.


FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 M egan Fry is currently working on a dual semester internship with the George A. Smathers Libraries to revive the Florida Journal of Anthropology (FJA), an academic journal which was in press at UF from 1976-1995. Like its predecessor, the New Florida Journal of Anthro pology (NFJA) is a graduate student-led, peer-reviewed journal—but with 21st-century updates. NFJA will be made available in a digital, open access format, free to both authors and readers, alleviat ing the price barrier that can inhibit access to academic scholarship. Megan Hanna Fry, Anthropology PhD student Authors: Ginessa Mahar , Anthropology Librarian; 2019-20 Faculty Advisor Megan Hanna Fry , Coordinating Editor for NFJA SMATHERS LIBRARIES GRADUATE INTERNSHIP IN OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL MANAGEMENT


33 Megan Hanna Fry receives the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP) grant in Spring 2020. Check out more online:

PAGE 35 35 Megan’s internship principally involves the development, management, and promotion of NFJA’s digital platform, website, and social media outlets. Working with professionals from the UF Libraries and LibraryPress@UF, Megan has developed the website and online submissions portal for NFJA via the Florida Online Journals platform. NFJA accepts submissions from a wide vari ety of subjects relating to anthropology, in the social, historical, and biological sciences. Additionally, NFJA accepts submissions from experienced research ers and early career professionals at the graduate and undergraduate level, thus providing publishing opportunities for often underrepresented perspectives. published in July 2020, featuring articles ogy as well as a number of book reviews. To help with the editorial process, Megan is joined by three other graduate students from the UF Anthropology Department— Christopher LeClere, Samantha McCrane, and Brittany Mistretta—and the journal’s faculty advisor Dr. Ginessa Mahar, who serves as the Anthropology Librarian. To promote the journal, Megan has been working to develop campus advertise ments and social media content with help from undergraduate and volunteer edito rial and creative assistants. Promotions thus far have concentrated on the origi nal FJA volumes, which feature stunning hand-drawn cover art—an immediate hit on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter. Furthermore, to promote the new issues of NFJA, Megan plans to work with her co-editors to create short video abstracts featuring article authors summarizing their research. These videos will be post ed on the NFJA website and various social media outlets. Megan is dedicated to en and promoting anthropological research to wider audiences. She hopes that use of social media platforms will allow NFJA authors another way to promote and and beyond the academic community. Megan has gained valuable experiences with the intern program in leadership, editorial processes, creative design, and technical skills, all which will help her to succeed after graduation. As Coordi nating Editor of NFJA, she is in charge of developing standard operating proce and training and supervising the editorial and creative assistants. Her favorite part of this experience is the intersection of creative and outreach initiatives. In her time interning, she has developed marketing materials that are both concise and visually engaging by incorporating modern technology, like QR codes, and original photography and graphics. She is also learning new technical skills such as video editing, Adobe InDesign, photo editing, copyediting, and layout. The internship has allowed Megan to work closely with experts in library publishing, enhancing her professional development and broadening her scope of potential career paths after graduation.


36 MADAGASCAR I t is the only place to find lemurs, and about half of all known chameleon species live on this island nation. One of the most biodiverse countries in the world. Most species in Madagascar are endemic (found nowhere else), and the country is fortunate to house rainforests, coral reefs, and unique habitats such as the spiny forest and amazing geologic formations known as tsingy. The people of Madagascar are equally fascinat ing, comprising 18 ethnic groups with origins in Indonesia and Africa. How ever, Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world; food insecurity and resultant agricultural practices and illegal hunting endanger the health and welfare of the wildlife and environment, and as a result the people as well. Many of the species that we associate with Madagascar, including lemurs, are crit ically endangered. Conservation educa tion, particularly for children, has been found to be an effective means to sensitize local communities to the importance of conserving biodiversity. From the summer of 2016 through the spring of 2018, an international team worked to transform a University of Florida class project into a published work with a conservation message, and with the hope that it would make a dif ference to the children of Madagascar. Each spring semester I teach a one-credit (Un)Common Read course on the book Thank You, Madagascar: The Conservation Diaries of Alison Jolly . As part of the course, students complete a creative or academic project of their choosing, with the only requirement Author: Michele R. Tennant , Head of the Smathers Libraries’ Academic Research Consulting and Services (ARCS) Team

PAGE 37 One of the most biodiverse countries in the world. Madagascar Mobile Library patrons reading book in the village of Manankasina.


In 2018 Michel Andriamiha janirina (translator), JeanJacques Rafenomahazomanana (director mobile library), and Michele Tennant (editor) in the village of Manankasina. Illustrator Soleil Nguyen and author Grace Gibson see printed book for first time at the Medical Library Association Annual Conference, May 2018, Atlanta.

PAGE 39 to biodiversity and/or conservation in Madagascar. Inspired by course read ings on conservation education projects in Madagascar and the wonderful Ako book series created by Alison Jolly and her colleagues, two undergraduate stu dents, Grace Gibson and Soleil Nguyen, teamed up to develop as their class project a children’s alphabet book and an activity book. When the books were revealed on the last day of the semes ter, the quality of the work actually brought tears to the eyes of a few stu dents and left many others speechless! The activity book following a blue coua (bird) named Jolly was adorable, but the A-Z book’s engaging text and gorgeous watercolor illustrations surpassed all expectations. Entitled Madagascar from A to Z , the book highlighted the and had a strong conservation message. While American children were the intended audience for the book, it was clear that such a book could be enjoyed by Malagasy children as well, if we could make the book accessible and available to them. With the support of our Dean of Libraries Judith Russell, and the LibraryPress@UF, our team did exactly that. Soleil and Grace committed to this long-term project without reservation. The book quickly became an interna tional collaboration with the addition of Michel Andriamihajanirina, a Mala gasy colleague located in Madagascar. For the next two years, Michel acted as our expert in Malagasy culture as well as translator. On my trip to Madagascar about halfway through the publication process, we worked together to solve the thorny problem of rewriting the text such that it could be easily trans than English, and words rarely begin with the same letter in both English and Malagasy. Translating “C is for Comet Moth, with bright yellow wings” just doesn’t work when “comet moth” is translation, Grace and Soleil turned the book into a professional-looking product by adding borders and artistic accents throughout. Jill (UF Interna tional Center) and Victor Ranaivoson by back-translating the text from Mala gasy to English to ensure that the initial translation was correct. Finally, Soleil’s cover illustrations provided a color ful and inviting entre to the unique wildlife inside. In the summer of 2018 Madagascar from A to Z published with 400 copies donated by Smathers Libraries distributed by our study abroad cohort in Madagascar. Distribution was strategic in that we targeted non-governmental agencies that already had strong educational


Children engaged with book at NGO Steph’Andava, in the village of Andavadoaka. 2018 UF study abroad student Tommy Soto using book to teach children at NGO Steph’Andava, in village of Andavadoaka. programs, particularly those related to conser vation or language/reading skills, in disparate parts of the country. Books went to Associa tion Mitsinjo in Andasibe, Centre ValBio near Ranomafana National Park, and Blue Ven of Andavadoaka. We developed a partnership with the Madagascar Mobile Library, providing them with books and funds raised by the study abroad students and librarians. In the capital city of Antananarivo, we gave a copy of the book to each child who attended the Sisters’ of the Good Shepherds Centre Fihavanana; most of these children had never owned their own book. Our study abroad cohorts in Madagascar have used the books to teach reading and English to children and adults at many of these locations, and at Steph’Andava, engaged the students through drawing and play-acting the animals found within. In addition to introducing Mala gasy children to the unique critters in their own backyards, these activities have strengthened the university’s ties to Madagascar, and have provided powerful learning experiences for our study abroad students. We are especially proud of our collaboration with the Mobile Library, and expect to work with them in the future to gain a greater understanding of how the books are used, and to develop training materials to help teachers include the books in the curriculum. Hundreds of children have been touched by the books via the Mobile Library alone, and we are anxious to learn more about if and how Mada gascar from A to Z is successful in delivering its conservation message.

PAGE 41 The LibraryPress@UF was awarded a 2019 LoPresti Award in the Children’s Book category for Madagascar from A to Z . The awarding committee of the Southeast Chapter of the Art Libraries Society of North America noted that the book is “educational and beauti fully illustrated,” “a group effort,” and “an excellent source for libraries with a Children’s Lit collection.” Our team is thrilled that the book has been so well received here and in Madagascar. There is nothing more gratifying to us than seeing children engaged by Madagascar from A to Z , reading aloud in Malagasy, and trying to sound out the English. The project continues to grow as we collaborate with the Mobile Library and others. Although they have graduated and moved on, Soleil, Grace, and I are current ly working with Blue Ventures and Steph’Andava to create a new version of the book, highlighting the wild life of the west and south. This book will be translated into both the Vezo dialect and French. According to our colleagues at Steph’Andava, very few books are written in both languages (and there is probably nothing that includes both plus English), so we children’s literature of Madagascar. Further reading: Dollins FL, A Jolly, H Rasamimanana, J Ratsimbazafy, A Feistner, F Ravoavy. 2010. Conservation education in Madagascar: three case studies in the biologically diverse is land-continent. American Journal of Primatology 72:391-406 Jolly A, D Ross, H Rasamimanana. 2005. Ako the aye-aye. Lemur Conservation Foundation. Ramamonjisoa, SJ Williams. 2015. The effects of environ mental education on children’s and parents’ knowledge and attitudes toward lemurs in rural Madagascar. Animal Conservation 18:157-166 Richter T, A Rendigs, CP Maminirina. 2015. Conservation messages in speech bubbles – evaluation of an environmental education comic distributed in elementary schools in Madagascar. Sustainability 7(7):8855-8800 World Health Organization, Convention on Biological Diversity. 2015. Connecting global priorities: biodiversity and human health: a state of knowledge review. iris/bitstream/handle/10665/174012/9789241508537 _eng.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y Free PDF online at UF Digital Collections: Order a print copy through UF Press:


A s Valentine’s Day approached, copyright librarian Perry Collins saw an opportunity to engage students looking for a creative way to express aection for their loved ones. Together with fellow librarians Lisa Campbell and Chelsea Johnston, Collins developed a workshop to transform out-of-copyright materials into unique cards. Navigating the complexities of copyright law is a challenge for everyone, and the Libraries work closely with students and instructors to improve their understanding of ways to legally repurpose archival collections, publications, and other sources for their own research and creative endeavors. To avoid overwhelming our audience with legal jargon, we focus on interac tive programming and use welcoming language that empowers everyone to make responsible decisions on their own. Students (along with quite a few of our creative library colleagues) gathered in Library West to assemble this collection of public domain images and texts together with heart-shaped paper cutouts, stickers, and personalized greetings. The Libraries also mailed over 50 postcards with some of our favorite images for those without time to make their own creations. Throughout the workshop, library employees chatted with students about copyright and the public domain and made sure everyone received a bookmark with helpful tips for using digital content legally and ethically. Until the 1980s, a printed copyright statement on published items was required for protection; lacking this, materials such as this label often fell into the public domain. Fred S. Johnston, Inc., “So-Sweet Brand,” citrus label, University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries Special Collections. Authors: Perry Collins , Scholarly Communications Librarian Lisa Campbell , Instruction & Outreach Librarian Chelsea Johnston , Scholarly Publishing & Repository Librarian VALENTINE REMIX

PAGE 43 This event, Valentine Remix, took advantage of vast swaths of online public domain materials, most too old to receive protection under copyright law and legally available to reuse without explicit permission. These included scenes of love and friendship, playful kittens, elaborate textiles, and intricate paper Valentines from the 19th century. From the Libraries’ Special and Area Studies Collections came one especially popular example, a “So-Sweet” brand citrus crate label. All of these have been made available digitally not only by UF, but also by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Library of Congress, and other institutions.


SOURCE MAGAZINE offers an exclusive view into the remarkable materials, exceptional student and faculty outreach, and innovative research that is at the heart of the University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries. image(s) CHECK OUT THE SMATHERS LIBRARIES SPOTLIGHT & MORE IN THIS ISSUE OF SOURCE . 2019 UF study abroad student Gabby Seminara in a classroom near Ranomafana National Park, after teaching from the Madagascar A to Z , a LibraryPress@UF publication, recipient of the 2019 ARLIS/NA Southeast Chapter’s LoPresti Children’s Book Award. LIKE SOURCE? LET US KNOW. Open Access UF Libraries Magazine FALL 2020 VOL 3, ISSUE 1 Open Access UF Smathers Libraries Magazine