Citation
The Florida cattleman and livestock journal

Material Information

Title:
The Florida cattleman and livestock journal
Abbreviated Title:
Fla. cattlem. livest.
Creator:
Florida State Cattlemen's Association
Florida Cattlemen's Association
Place of Publication:
Kissimmee, Fla
Publisher:
Cody Publications
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Monthly
regular
Language:
English
Edition:
Volume 14 No.4, January, 1950
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 30 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cattle trade -- Periodicals -- Florida ( lcsh )
Cattle -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Dairying -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Cattle ( fast )
Cattle trade ( fast )
Dairying ( fast )
Florida ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with vol. 8, no. 7 (Apr. 1944).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 8, nos. 7-11 (Apr.-Aug. 1944) are misprinted v. 7, nos. 7 -11. Vol. 9, no. 2 (Nov. 1944) misprinted as v. 8, no. 2.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 11, no. 5 (Feb. 1947) misprinted as v. 11, no. 4, but then from v. 11, no. 6 through v. 12, no. 1 the misprint is 2 issues off until it was corrected with v. 12, no. 3 (Dec. 1947), for instance, v. 12, no. 2 is misprinted as v. 11, no. 12.
Numbering Peculiarities:
In January 1974, two issues were published: v. 38, no. 4, and a "progress edition" numbered v. 38, no. 5. That issue throws off the numbering of the issues for the rest of the volume, so v. 38, no. 12 is August instead of September. They fix it by having both the September and October 1974 issues called v. 39, no. 1.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 52, no. 10 (July 1988) was misprinted as v. 52, no. 11.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 53, no. 12 to v. 54 no. 8 were misprinted one issue off as v. 53, no. 11 to v. 54, no. 7. This was corrected with v. 54, no. 9 (June 1990).
Issuing Body:
Official publication of: Florida State Cattlemen's Association, <Mar. 1945->; of: Florida Cattlemen's Association, <Oct. 1960->
Funding:
Funded by Project Ceres, a collaboration between the United States Agricultural Information Network (USAIN), the Agriculture Network Information Collaborative (AgNIC) and the Center for Research Libraries (CRL).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Florida Cattlemen's Association
Rights Management:
Copyright, Florida Cattlemen's Association. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
09105128 ( OCLC )
sc 88010916 ( LCCN )
0015-3958 ( ISSN )
ocm09105128
Classification:
637 ( ddc )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida cattleman and dairy journal

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25c
The Florida PER COPY







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illsborough,
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JANUARY
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C Ute D O N C SE qupmn A C o., Gainesvill Se At tea e ps Tatoh th erviceFoty M ers LA C s
Beteractor Co.,l maaakav e dl ock Tor Con Oandwor som c ladia

Cdaey Motor Co. Wacho Pola uds Mot co Win er acre e orCs


vB armM ery Eq aes Co., omai no Pond.esn Tractor CoSebr ingot yr
Florida Tractor & uyCo., ollywoo Reeves Tractor Co., Tallandse
Coastal ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ A Grc qi.C. etPl ec lmoBo. S Mh amto.,Qic

J. W. Gibson, Madison Taylor Munnell Mach. Works, Fort Pierce
Granthamn Chevrolet Co., Live Oak Wade-Persons, Lake City
Indian River Tractor Service, Cocoa West Florida Equip. Co., Marianna
2 The Florid t Cattctltl't











Editor's Desk



Kowbelles Want Kowbelles
Column Continued; It Is!
LaBelle
Dear Editor:
I note that in December issue you ask
dicther "Kowbelles" would like to have
"Kowbelles" olum in magazine re-
sumed. I should like to have this con-
titued-I ((it this Out for my recipe
book. My Mother used to make "gut
stew" which was .give ill olie (oluminir.
You may be sure that I savcd that re-
Cipe and was pleased to find it in the
column.
Made IHaipton
The interest of Mrs. Hamipto and
olher readers in con tin Ong the (o lumn.
"For the Kowbelles" by Ethel Hales
Stacii has resulted in resilumption of
this featuic this monilt. You'll finld it
o page 4(1.

Map of Florida Liked
And Criticized by Readers
Bradenltoil.
Dear Mr. Cody:
We have received the current issue of
Ti Fiomim (AiILENJAN 0(d Livestick
Jourial which (ontains the Map of V-C Pasture Fertilizer produces extra yields of low-cost,
Florida, and it is a very splendid high-quality green feed which animals can harvest.
display. . V-C helps grasses and legumes to make quick, vigorous
Sec ""ta in growth, rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and other

Bradentoi Chamber nutrients.
of Commerce Grazing this high-quality, appetizing green forage,
Arcadia dairy cows increase milk production and meat animals
Ge n tl emcii: rapidly put'on valuable weight. Pastures, fertilized with
If state highway 70 from Sarasota V-C, yield more and better grazing and also furnish
through Arcadia and Okeechobee to Fort many extra grazing days.
Pierce (ould hbe added to this map, I Consult a trained V-C Field Representative, to obtain
think it would be ichelpful to visitors. information on the best methods and fertilizers to use
This is the Fiost direct cross-state roai for pasture improvement on your farm. The V-C Fac-

tories, at Nichols and Jacksonville, formulate pasture
fertilizers suited to all Florida soil types as well as to
the various pasture grasses.
V-C Superphosphate or V-C Complete Fertilizers are
obtainable, either with or without secondary plant
foods such as Cobalt, Magnesium, Bluestone, Man-
ganese, Borax, and others as needed.

Phone or write the address below today!


Twenty acres of grass a day can be VIRGINIA-CAROLINA
planted with the apparotus pictured above
as it appears at the P. E. Williams ronelh CHEMICAL CORPORATION
near Davenpoit 1Vegroes, left, drop .-
P. 0. BOX 2311
gross in front of tractor which is palling P.A .B 2
a hillifer dis, which call corner o i ORLANDO, FLORIDA
fotsahof plan ted gr-ass at onetie wo* -ORA DF RIAZ
Picture was taken in Aunaust when
Williams, right, planted a large tract to


for January, 1950 3








o00 00 The Florida



SECURITY offers


complete beef pro- and L E Joun

0 VOL. XIV, NO. 4 and LZmstock Journal

ductioH program ALDUSM CODY nuarCO
1 L OYJ n ay 1950 ROBERT S CODY
Publisher Janu r ,1 5 Editor
PRODUCTION-Jackson Shaw. CIRCULATION-Mrs. Jeannette Overstreet Cody. ADVERTISNG-Robert E. Hurt.
EDITORIAL ASSIsTANTS-John T. Jenkins, Hazel Dawn Martin. BUSINESS OFFICE-Mrs. Dorothy G. Cody.
You know a suc-
cessful beef pro- Contents for January, 1950
duction program
has m any hases. EDITOR'S DESK . . . . .9
has many phases. .TO S.DES. 3
Junior Shows Attract Many Entries at Bartow and Plant City.12
Your problems are Sales of Breeding Stock Variously Interpreted, by George E. Allen 14B
many. We at Secur- Not Too Late to Register for American National, Chairman Says.18
ity offer you all Polk Cattlemen Elect Whidden President.20
our experience and resources to hel Connell Wins Championships at Citrus County Fair 21
our expe c aAg Building Next, Miller Says at Range Station Field Day.22
you solve your problems. We want Contents for Special Brahman Section 3, Second Section
to help you make more money. Economist Says Livestock Outlook Good for 195o, by F. W. Partin 23
Continuous improvement of our Swine Sales Scheduled Soon at Valdosta, Lake City.25
Rodeo Set in Orlando During February.26
range grass through soil analysis, Qualities of Pangola Reviewed, by E. M. Hodges. 30
proper fertilization and seeding is Hereford Show and Sale Will Be Held During February 32
part of the Security pasture im- Shorthorns Average S329 at Moultrie.35
Fort Hamer Buys New Herd Sire from Hair Farms. 36
provement program. Fourteen Year Index of The Florida Cattleman.-37
To help make up for the mineral Annual Jersey Sale Is Held in Orlando.47
deficiencies in coastal grasses, we FOR THE KowBELLEs: MVfacaroni Is Richardson Favorite, by Ethel Hales Stancil.48
provide cattlemen with Security EDITORIALLY: This Might Be a Good Time to Make Hay!.50
Range Mineral and Security Range Calendar of Livestock Events
Nuggets. These beef building sup- Jan. 4.7-American National Livestock Association Convention.Miami
plements help prevent winter weight Jan. 16-20-Ocala Brahman Show antI Sale Oa
Jan. 21-Polk Brahman Farms Second Annual Sale. Winter Haven
loss . provide the nutritive ele- Jan. 24-Southeastern Duroc Sale of Bred Gilts.Valdosta
Jan. 30-Feb. I-West Florida Fat Cattle Show and Sale.Quincy
m ents necessary to help you get Jan. 31-Feb. I-Florida State Fair.Tampa
Feb. 1-13-Houston Fat Stock Show and Livestock Exposition.Houston, Tex.
steady growth and a good crop of Feb. 4-First Annual Durrance Ranch Everglades Bull Sale.Belle Glade
Feb. 16-Adams Company Sale of 50 Registered Hanpshires.Lake City
strong calves. Feb. 16-17, 1950-Fourth Annual Florida Hereford Show and Sale.Ocala
Feb. 21-24-Central Florida Exposition Rodeo.Orlando
Write us today for the complete Feb. 25, 1950-Modena Aberdeen-Angus Auction.Savannah, Ga.
Feb. 28-March 3-Southeastern Fat Stock Show and Sale.Ocala
story of Security's complete beef March 2-Brahman Auction, Hardee County Livcstock Market.Wauchula
April 6-Brahman Auction, Hardee County Livestock Market.Wauchula
production story. March 17-Norris Cattle Company First Annual Sale .Ocala

The Cover
SECURITY Registered Brahmans, as well as other cattle, like citrus. So it was no surprise to
Governor Fuller Warren at the Florida Citrus Exposition last February to be asked
SECURITY FEEDS to pose feeding a grapefruit to one of Polk Brahman Farms' animals. Lamar
RANGE Beauchamp, Polk co-owner, watches.
0 HELP
Florida State Cattlemen's Association, Irlo Bronson, President, Kissimmee
NUGGETS PRODUCE Southeastern Brahman Breeders' Association, L. S. Harris, President, Bartow
Florida Hereford Association, Inc., T. Noble Brown, President, Webster
Florida Aberdeen-Angus Association, Lawson P. Kiser, President, Valrico
Florida Palomino Exhibitors' Association, Harold Schatz, President, Lakeland
RITYgg 'I Florida Quarter Horse Association, T. J. Durrance, Jr., President, Brighton
Florida Quarter Running Horse Association, Joe Priest, President, Tavares
Florida Shorthorn Breeders' Association, Dr. D. W. Griffin, President, Chipley
Florida State Duroc Breeders' Association, Harry J. Boyles. President. Live Oak
Published monthly by Cody Publications, Inc., at 10 Verona Street, Kissimmee, Floridar. Subscription Price
$2.00 per year in advance. Entered as second class matter March 15, 1947 at the postoffice at Kissimnec
under the Act of March 3, 1879. Aldus M. Cody, President, Robert S. Cody, vice President, Dorothy G.
Cody, Secretary-Treasurer. Cody Publications, Inc., operates The Cattleman Press, and the Florida
T M S Livestock News Service. Advertising rates covered in Rate Card No. I5a, based on open rate of $120 per
page per month, with certain discounts for consistency. Advertising offered in combination, with discount
E in Florida Farm Bureau Bulletin and/or Southern Livestock Journal. Rate card mailed on request.
Closing date 10th of preceding month;
I .MBER in circulation 20th of preceding month. ATIONAL EDITORIAL
E C Y F Member Florida Press Association, Nation-
I S al Editorial Association, Florida Master ArSO CITION
C M NANPrinters & Associates, Printing Industry
of America', Graphic Arts Association of
MIAMI e PALATKA 0 OCALA ORLANDO, FLA. Central Florida.

4 The Florida Cattleman


00000O









Ckar'*4 Cco, leoceek w' Even the
GREINOWN MOAl COU1Y. INDIANA

Nov. 12, 1949

Mr. Evarts Speed, Jr.
rown-Formanan Dist. Corp.

Louisville l, KY.
Dear Yr. Speed: Show after show,
1-ton of Super- SUPERSOL-fed ani-
Please sen s 2 Our
sol as soon as possite nd I find mals are catching the
supplyour lves go off feed when eye of the judges. Mr.
they are out of it. Woody's experience is
We had a very nice bull show no exception. The
and sale at La~ayette Monday. Inoecpi.Th
had the junior champion and the owner of the Clear
judge remarked about his high Creek Farms at Green-
conditionl and how well he was
fitted i told him that was what town, Indiana, has
SuperSol did for him. won wide recognition
Sincerely yours, for his fine Shorthorns,
and when he says
Harold N. Woody SUPERSOL makes
champions, you can
believe it.
Our
FREE BOOKLET (Available in pellet or granular form.)
will tell you what P
F. PROVIDES
SUPERSOL VITAMIN A
-E TE'VITAMIN D
will do for your B-GROUP VITAMINS
livestock at a cost RIBOFLAVIN. THIAMIN
of only& NIACIN. CHOLINE, PYRI.
of only 2 r E DOXINE. PANTOTHENIC ACID.
prhea pe a!P-AMINOBENZOIC ACID
per eod per daylI -.IflRAAAPRO BIOTIN, FOLIC ACID
A~ N FATS and PROTEINS
CALCIUM, PHOSPHOROUS
and ESSENTIAL TRACE MINERALS
FEED DIVISION
BROWN-FORM BEEF SUPPLEMENT
DISTILLERS CORPO id
LOUISVILLE IN KENTU~ .O

for January, 1950
5










The miracle of meat I' 7

ALL of us in the livestock-meat in-
dustry know that meat is appetizing,
wholesome, satisfying. "It sticks to the t
ribs." People like it. But perhaps we a
don't all realize just what a miracle
food meat really is. We know it's good
-but do we know how good it is for
people. how important to the health
of individuals and of the nation.
If you feed livestock or poultry you -
know the importance of protein in
their ration. It's just as important in
the human diet. Proteins are known as R
the building blocks of the body. They
build and renew the living cells in
muscles, tissue and blood.
Meat supplies the essential protein in
a form that our bodies can use most
readily. The most valuable protein foods
-meat and poultry, milk, eggs and fish -
all contain what are known as amino Where Meat
acids. There are 23 different amino acids.
Ten of them are absolutely essential to It's a large country,
human health. All ten are found in meat. this United States
Important vitamins, too, like riboflavin, with closeto 150,000,-
niacin, thiamin . and "APF" (ani- 000 people in it. They
mal protein factor), the newly discov- Farming as a Business live on 5,859,160
ered, very important vitamin B that's farms and ranches,
found only in animal products. H.B. Howell, Ext. Farm and in about 125,000
Most new discoveries about the nutri- Management Specialist V cities and towns.
tional value of meat have been made in Iowa State College,
Ames, Iowa Most of these millions
the past fifteen years. Credit goes to of people want meat. Last year they
research scientists in universities, in Good farm planning ate an average of 146 pounds of it
government service and in privately anticipates changes. It apiece. That adds up to over twenty
financed laboratories of industry, such includes not only de- billion pounds-to be distributed all
as Swift's Research Laboratories. cision on how to use over the 2,977,128 square mile
available resources- II. B. II"'/1 length-and-breadth of' our country.
facts, the better for all of us. First, peo- your land, labor, and capital to pro- That's a man-size j01
ple who eat meat and other protein duce an icome--but also how to use To handle it takes the
foods regularly will be healthier. Next, the income after it is produced. servicesofover4,000 reat
with ample meat in their diet, they'll Records kept on 51 Iowa farms (160 packers (including Svs ift
get more benefit from cereals, fruits and metals of successful farming: & Company) and 1,00(
vegetables and other foods they eat. Of 1)l Production or volume of busi- other commercial slaughterers of
course, the more meat that's eaten, the ness is of first importance. The high livestock in the United States. 'I lie
better the demand for meat, the better 17 farms averaged $14,000 production average 1000 -mile gap between
the market for livestock. prma re 14,arsonly $7,00. where the livestock is produced and
Swift & Company has often said, 2) The top farms used a combina- where the meat is eaten must be
"Nutrition is our business It's yours, tion of all resources-not just some of bridged. One end of our
too! So when you talk with your friends them-to getthe greatestreturn. They "bridge" reaches west of
and neighbors, tell them these facts about fed enough grain to make efficient use the Mississippi, where
"meat, the m 1raclefood." We will continue of roughages; kept enough land in sod two-thirds ofthe meat
to tell them, too, by our advertising; to maintain fertility; raised enough animals are produced.
and by passing along to them the find- livestock and crops to keep man power The other end reaches
ings of our Research Laboratories and fullyemployed; had enough machinery the markets to the east, where two-
Martha Logan Test Kitchens, to do the work efficiently. thirds of the meat is consumed.
Every livestock producer and meat 3) Good practices paid dividends. But that's only one of the jobs we
packer has a vital public interest and a The best 17 farms produced $177 do. Another important one is to
private personal interest in promoting worth of livestock for each $100 worth match up the nationwide supply
better nutrition in America. Let's work of feed fed, while the comparable re- against the nationwide demand.
together in promoting it! turn was only $117 on the low 17 From day to day the numbers and
farms. Top farms averaged 87 bu of grades of animals marketed vary
corn per acre; low farms only 67 bu. greatly (which accounts largely for
Good practices can easily increase the day-to-day upsand downs in live-
PORK AND NOODLES crop yields and feed returns by 20%. stock prices). Also from area to area
(Yield: 5 servings) 4-oz. pkg. noodles 4) Farm records, such as used in the people's meat preferences vary
I lb. grd. pork 2 qts. boiling water this study, help measure results; show greatly. In New York and Boston
1 egg 1/2 cup diced green pepper up weak spots and make a sound basis they want heavy beef cuts. Pork
Seasoning 1 cup diced cooked rutabaga for planning ahead. Your state exten- eaters in Los Angeles and Baltimore
Flur 2 tbsps. shortening sion service can help you set up the prefer the lighter, leaner cuts. And
Combine pork, egg, and seasoning. Form into proper records for your farm or ranch. so it goes, all over the map. It's an
1-inch balls. Roll in flour. Brown in hot fat. Boil important part of our job to see that
noodles in salted water 10 minutes. Drain. Com- OUR CITY COUSIN ^ the various grades of meat and kinds
bine noodles; green pepper, and rutabaga. ---of cuts go where there is the highest
Place in greased 2-quart casserole. Place pork preference and most demand for
balls on top. Bake in a moderate oven (3500 F) them. Thus Swift & Company ren-
about 40 minutes or until pork is well done. ders a twofold service-both by
bringing to consumers the kind of
meat they want. and by bringing to
Swift & Company producers the
UNION STOCK YARDS, CHICAGO 9, ILL. benefitofa nation- 0k,.
"Gee, Country Cousin, 'tain't no joke wide demand. FM.$
Nutritionis our business-and yours Old Nell's afire. She's breathing smoke !" AgricuituraI 1t? sea-h Dept


6 The Florida Cattlen",














Remember--grass is



mostly all I get to eat!







The grand champion Quarter Stallion
shown above is owned by Air Force Col.
Sidwell of Tampa, but is stabled at the
colonel's midwestern farm. Named After
Dark, the stallion was grand champion Unlike the little boy who wouldn't
at the American Royal Livestock Expos- eat his spinach, cattle pretty much
tion Ks y ts .eat what's put before them. The
only one who really suffers, if they
one of the most extensive range areas in get an inferior diet, is you! That's
the state. why it pays to sow good seed-seed
T. C. Mfontgomery which yields the kind of grass your
The Cattlemen's Map of Florida pub- cattle thrive on.
lished last month was designed to show
visitors the routes to Miami and the
American National Convention 7anuary
4-7. It appeared in the American Cattle
Producer as well as in T -E CATTLEMAN.
Should we republish this map it will be
used in more complete form if possible.
National Champion Stallion
Owned by Tampa Officer Tampa

Gentlemen:v cA
I am enclosing a photograph of nsy
Quarter Horse stallion After Dark

champion of the American. Royal Live- pk
stock Show in Kansas City. In addi-
tion . he was grand champion . at
Beaver, Okla., Hugoton, Kan., and Elk-
art, Kan. -
Although my horses are all in Kan- Bingham seeds are cleaned of most un-
sas, I have been learning about the desirable elements in our laboratory-control-
Florida livestock industry by visiting led seed cleaning plant-the only one in
Florida. Here, too, germination tests are
DA CA-rIrEMAN and Southe rn Livestock made. All these findings are entered on
7ournal. Hope you can find space for the analysis tag attached to each bag of
the horse picture in one of your issues. Bingham Seed. That's so you can know
you're getting highest quality-first require-
L. G. Sidwell, ment of good pasture. That's why you
Lt. Col., USAF should buy Bingham Seed every time. If
Picture of Col. Sidwell's fine stallion your dealer can't supply you, please write
is printed herewith. direct for samples and the latest prices.
March of Dimes Must
Have Record 1950 Response
MARCH OF DIMEs will once again seek
to raise funds for combatting Infantile
Paralysis during the last two weeks in
January--and the National Foundation
for Infantile Paralysis, sponsors of the
drive, reports that especially heavy giving GRASS SEEDS FIELD SEED COMPANY
is needed to offset expenses incurred .LS
14th & Liberty Streets
There's a GROWING Difference
for January, 1950 7 J AC K S ON V ILLE 1, F L OR IDA



















A5

Extremely high efficiency in cutting large
we'C'ds sclaimed by the manufacturer of
this rotary brush cutter. 7ohn Tabit of
Belle Glade is Florida agent for Wood
-i, Brothers, the manufacturer.


during the widespread epidemic last
tp summer.
C0 President Basil O'Connor writes: "We
S % b.face a possible crisis in polio that will
b0 menace every man, woman and child in

the United States, unless, this winter, the
S CetMarch of Dimes takes in more money
S \ Zthan ever before."
Spray Molasses-Water to
4s Start Cattle Eating Indigo
E. A. P-ArER of Davenport tells us that
it's no trick at all to get cattle to eat
Hairy Indigo-if it's sprayed with a mo-
lasses-water mixture first. Palmer says
either cane or citrus molasses is good
S1for this purpose.
"Once they learn, there's no further
trouble," lie declares. It's common know-
Ocala Brahman Southeastern Fat ledge that cattle have to learn to like
Show and Sale Stock Show and Sale Hairy Indigo.
January 16-20 February 28-March 30 Florida Youngster Wins
Next Events At The Prize for Electric Use
FAT STOCK SHOW USE OF ELECTRICITY on the farm (see
& SALE PAVILION June, 1949, FLORIDA CATTF-AN) has re-
stilted in a prize for Jimmy Machek of
OCALA, FLORIDA New Smyrna Beach from Westinghouse's
Educational Foundation.
Machck was the Florida winner in
the contest and competed against 34
BAHIA GRASS other state winners for six $300 scholar-
Anything PASTURE ships during the National 4-H Congress
we can do (Imported Broadleaf) recently.
to assist you IS AN EXCELLENT INVESTMENT Banker Likes Income Tax
FOR Series by George Allen
with your FLORIDA CATTLEMEN Leesburg
livestock we offer for immediate acceptance ex- Dear Editor:
ceptionally fine quality Bahia Grass Seed
program? (Imported Broadleaf) at: Scycraj years ago THE CATTLEMAN
$.27 per lb. in 1000 lbs. lots published some income tax and capital
(F.O.B Jacksonv ie Fla.) gains articles and I am delighted to
see you have started a series of two sudl
E. A. M ARTIN articles by George E. Allen.
THE As an officer in our bank and also
COMMERCIAL BRNK S E E D CO., I N C chairman of the agricultural committee
1500 West Beaver St. of the Florida Bankers Association, I
AN ANE rust COmpn P. 0. Box 2548 Pone 6.4161 am very much interested in these articles
OCA LA FLORIDA JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA and I wonder if you plan to have re
Member Federal Deposit insurance Corporation f prints made of them . Our cattle ill
Member Federal Reserve Systen, (W4rite for our free Pasture Information g
Bulletins and Planting Guide for Pasture dustry has grown by leaps and bounds
Grasses) and as bankers we should do everything

8 The Florida Cattlenian



























Use ONCE-A-DAY TREATMENT



with SULMET*

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Highly Effective Low in Cost Easy to Give

9 Safeguard your herds and your prolts against disastrous attacks of
any of the above diseases by treating sick animals with SULMET Sulfamethazine
Lederle. ONCE-A-DAY treatment with this outstanding drug brings quick results
-often one treatment suffices.
High effectiveness, low cost, and the practical advantages of once-a-day treat-
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SULMET Sulfamethazine is available in six dosage forms: POWDER, TABLETS,
OBLETS*, EMULSION, INJECTABLE SOLUTION (available by or on the pre-
scription of a veterinarian), SOLUTION 12.5% (for use as a drench).
Your veterinarian is your dependable ally in the constant war against cattle
diseases. Consult him for the most effective management practices and disease
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Read carefully the circular enclosed in the package for best results in the
use of this product.
Free literature gladly sent upon request. *Reg. U S. Pat. OfE

Clip this coupon; and send to us at the address below for your
FREE COPY of "COMMON DISEASES OF LIVESTOCK."

parne -Address

LED ERLE LABORATORIES DIVISION
AMER/CAN Cj COMPANY
30 Rockefeller Plaza New York 20, N.Y.

for January, 1950 9








in our power to keep all our rancher
customers informed in regard to tax
problems.
Your magazine is getting better all the
4 time and I want to congratulate you
upon the fine job yo are doing.
J1. C. Rog ers, Vice
President, First Na.
tional Bank of Lees.
burg.

i Alford Coast Line
Agricultural Agent
BELATEDLY WE REPORT that A. B. "Burt"
Alford of Ellenton is one of the Atlantic
Coast Line's agricultural and livestock
7. agents with headquarters at Sanford.
Alford graduated from Palmetto High
--_School in. 1938, attended the University
____--_ of Florida from 193 -to 1942, took time
~- out to serve the next three years with
the Army Air Force, and returned to
get his BSA in July, 1946.
Following graduation, Alford served as
Assistant Manatee County Agent, fol.
COTTONSEED MEAL, lowing that with graduate work at the
University of Minnesota where lie re-
n e~ ceivecd his masters degree.
DuPont Weed Killer
of ampI protein. Supplement early Spring Kills Blackjack Oaks
DUPONT RECOMMENDs Ammate Weed
grasses with rich- in- protein Cottonseed Killer for killing blackjack oak and other
eaI o o set intr losesandundesirable uplands trees in the Southi.
Meal to offset winter losses and insure Report says that Ammac kilis trees more
bigger stronger calF rapidly than girdling. Information as
to method of applying the weed killer can
be obtained by writing E. 1. DuPont de
Nemours, Wilmington, Del.
Educational Service
Rotary Cutter Thorough
NA TIONA L COT TONSEED PRODUCTS ASSOCIATION INC. i Removing Pasture Weeds
618 Wilson Bldg. Dallas 1, Texas A ROTARY WEED CUTTER which will take
care of extremely tough weeds and small
rush is being marketed in Florida by
John A. Tabit of Belle Glade for Wood
Brothers Manufacturing Company of
Oregon, Ill.
The cutter first made its appearance

require lots of M mineral in potato fields in Maine, New York
and Minnesota last summer, and corn-
belt farmers have used it for cutting
corn stalks this fall. The cutter is ver-
B IN G O satile, being adjustable to cut at any
height. Manufacturer says it cuts any
vine, stalk or stubble.
RED M IN ERAL Free folder containing a table of tie
nutrient elements in farm crops and
crop residues is offered to farmers by
is palatable, freely eaten, Wood Brothers and may be obtained by
writing to Tabit or to the manufacturer.

and furnishes the need. You Can't Eat Grass,
But Cows Can and Do!
They Like Bingo M mineral YOU CAN'T EAT GRAss, is the title of an
illustrated folder recently published by
the Publicity Committee of the American
LAKELAND National Livestock Association. Pictures

CASH FEED COMPANY are included from every state where the
LAKELAND FLORIDA 10 The Florida Cattleman























r u lit- broken yolllgstel r was ),O11110
Bunnll'athistel/er of )ely Beacl when
hiis fathe. G (uyI I'a Ir t I r rlet so~mr<> <
outbid him for hlis bull (alf at the Ili-
itta 7/ sey Cale Club sa a It Orlai>
in N ovember. (Phloto by Shinllei.) K

A\merican National has ail- affiliate
association.
Two Florida pictures show use of
heavy eqpuipllelit ill lIprooting palmettoes
for pasture il)rlveeCllnt, takcri on the
J. E. Price raliih near Immokalce, and You Can Supplem ent Fortify
registered Brahmians at Heart Bar Ranch
of Henry 0. Parting and Sons near ONE TON of HOME GRAIN with
Kissimmee.
'[he blooklet, designed to acquaint the LESS than $3.00 W orth of
publi with the illportani(e of the cow,
may Ilbe obtained by writing the American FAMOUS
Nari onal 1,ivestock Ass'n., 1)enver, Colo.

Planning Pays in
Farma Home Work
HoW tANNIN(; tAYS, with illustrations O D % C
lrom variols parts of the counltrv. is the
sibject of a +1-page Iooklet titled "Plan- A
ti tlJ hat Pays" wh ideh has receitIv Ieen G
released y))' the Farmers Home A\dninis- ,, 0 O'
tratiotn.
"I here is a lesson for many Cemployes Coipare the results, colipare the quality, compare the
of tle Farmers Home Aliistratioin pricc-and you'll finld Bovotn0( can't be beaten. That's
the recurdls (If these suessftl borrowers," because Bovoton gives (illr cattle ALL FOUR-a blended
tile inttrodluCtiott states. "It is that there VITAMIN-REINFORCED conhination of \itailnils, Minerals, Trace Elements and
is tttth milore to 'pianniig that pays' BOVOTON No.12 live Cell Yeast. Bovoton may be fed free-choice or pre-
thllat mtery ltmm litg goodi birth- mttixed-right on your own farul-lo extra hauliting or
ing i glerl terlis. handling.
Get the full details of how Bovoton call help promote
-1,hece is kiiowing bad farmling we
faster growth and better litilsh. I hese distributors will
y'olu see it, knowing how to (orreC(t bad
a -t t be happy to discuss your ration problems wid you--at
larililg anld flow to conivinice borrowers -ili
that it pays to correct it." FE EDING CATTLE xotLr Ow) hme-Witholt obligation.
CALVES and SHEET P
luterntiona BYr Distributed by
Ilileritiipal Work VIGORONE PRODUCTSn.i
Helpful for Foot and Mouth CEDAR RAPIDS,1OWA NORRIS CATTLE COMPANY
A BRiTON wHO manages British foot alnld -- Ocala, Florida
MOULth researel and recently passed
thlroutigh tile Ullited States 01 his retUrn STANSELL'S FARMERS SUPPLY STORE
from a Mexican inspection said that "the Wauchula, Florida
control of I1 oit and ll otith disease is all
international responsibility antd there Manlfac 0red by
ilmust be a free interchange of ideas and
findingss"
Just as tile tests going ()it at his Pir- PREFERRED
bright L abratIry ill Sissex have a real V BY,'
integration l valil, so will the proposed FEEDERS
tests to be Ilade at the U. S. foot and P R 0 D U C T 5, Inc. s191E
miouth lab eventually assumine wide inter- A
national significance, lie believes.

for January, 1950









r
A V



























Hillsboroug h Coun ty's 7uniar Agricuattral Fati at Planit City a/I atrted a large ntum ber of beef and dat y ual t tat sed by 4-H
andl FF1 y()utngsci/ers. Fir/u redl(l ave are, keft Ia rig/h grand1(I/II IJmIJ 0iantpIc (mli( tn ese roe champtti/) slt itr, ho lthI it swnwi/i
1R0y lethrtt/ a nd1( gtrand r/hamlpiat sleet, shawn wi/ ith tiy hit/l Ba/th arc 1,/ant City t'unstts.


Junior Shows Attract Many Entries at


Bartow and Plant City in Decemnber

Ai BAi sters were in full control at the Pttlk buted. FIaines City, slhowinag a H erefnrd steer.
County' Yttuth Fair atid the Hihlsbiirongh At Plant City chtamnpitttshtips wer' itt the hit cattle sale It Bartiiw m2
Youth Agricultnre Show early in D)eemui- awarded to Plant City lFA Chia p ter a;md steers botught ani average >t4qt.t per
ber. Turkey Creek FFA Chaipter (1-erel trdl), hundredweight, to set who t is lbeliceved
Cattle were ant important Part ol bth Jinuny H-ull anid Rty H-eathcoue ttf llitt to be a new record hior fat steers it out-
shows, with 4-H and FFA\ boys and girls City (Ab erdeen-A\ngus) and tI Edin Al- tion itn Flttrida.
showing heel and dairy cattle. At Bar- derman aind Lawrence Carltton ol Platt Buyer t f the grand clamtapitin was the
tow mitre than (in cattle were itt cx- City ( Brahmnan). lPeples' Batnk ttf L akelatnd, which paid
ltihit, pilts 25 swine. Prize mtaney at No champittts were named at Ihtrtttw, 8.5 peii~ )r poutnd ltr Citngdttn's steer.
Phiait Ci ty moun tetd tot S8ou, whI ile at except a grand chtamnpiontt steer a wartd g rl ssin g the yitungster S t n i ont thte
1128 pouttnd animal.
~i K~ th er hnuyers at the sale wer: ?lt>r-

R 'estaurtatt ol Batrtow, New FlttridatI Itel
ii' Lakelandtu. Polk Btrahan Ratti I if

L~~mn4m ol Hal~ines City, Floridat (itrls
(:tttr' CoterItiv'e t f I a:ke Wltes,
y others ul litnpa, Pettles' B'atk tf
tbrnae. M.latk's Grt-try t--stf Bonrto'

1 Pttki t C )mpay ttf Aubltrttdale, Ridhge
F (:tnttrCopany ol Lake Wales. Pubt~lii
SpeiMrket ofl Bar-tow, hPipk it's );tity
a oftklan, :ttnd I otvetts ttf Batrtow.
I- hage ttf die Plant City' exhibtiti
wrAsistanttt C(tyt A gets *Jte Ar-
t Plant Cityiy and Fdwit Btttlt ttl
Tuniooty tctitoal gi Enutri
Bartowso an. A.an Citym in Decembeir



















I-d Htme Demaottstratiott A gett IMtis1
Em tyKig oi Tamnpa.
More 1/an a60 beef atd lairy cattle were shown at t/te Polk Ctnty Yoth Fair at at Bartitw, otwest ?sfcCtHlltrs, str.
Baraow. Ttis view siws one of two aisles wirt were ,evoted to registered ain Meade vcatitnal agriculture teichlei,
glide beef catle. (CCl otit ttad chagt asl ti)

12 The Florida Cattleual









"I'm completely satisfied with


PURINA RANGE CHECKERS,"

says M. C. Stallworth, Jr., Hope Hull, Alabama

M. C. Stallworth, Jr., a practical cattleman, raises Brah-
mans primarily for market. He finds Range Checkers a
big help in promoting cow-condition for big calf crops
of husky, growthy calves. Range Checkers contain a
f VARIETY of ingredients. proteins for growth, carbo-
hydrates for heat and energy, minerals for bone and
L. blood building and vitamins for vigor. Supplementing
M. C. Stallworth, Jr., with "Sombrero," 3-year-old grass with Range Checkers the important 90 days
red Brahman bull weighing 1,705 lbs. previous to calving helps your cows do a better job than
with a single-source protein.

-71 For Range Checkers,
see your Purina
Dealer. at the
Store with the
-Checkerboard Sign

RALSTON PURINA
PURINA RANGE
AI COMPANY
s. oi Nshvile HECKERS
"Earl Amanso" herd on the Stallworth fLrm. Tampa Miami


VARIETYDOES MAKE A DIFFERENCE



DISPERSAL SALE



MODENA HERD REGISTERED ABERDEENmANGUS

FEB. 25-saturday
STARTING AT 12:00 o'clock, NOON, this
dispersal sale will be held at Modena Plant-
atioll.
FROM ISLE OF HOPE DOCK, boats will
convey yon to the sale and return after
the sale.

123 Lots-Many Calves At Side
Of Dams
Every animal in the herd will be offered including:
2 herd Sires, BERTILLION OF MODENA and MIS-
TER BIG of MODENA, 34 Yearling Bulls and Bull (1.
Calves by Our 1lerd Sires, 30 Open Yearling Heifers
by Our Herd Sires, 62 Bred Cows and Bred Heifers,
35 of which have calves at side. snasho Pu0 of a roup of INe briood co i he Modena o d toda.
This herd of Aberdeen Angus has A GREAT HERD IN BREEDING AND QUALITY. These history-making
been in the process of building for families are represented in lany of the bulls and females selling: Missie
16 years, and today it is up to a high Blackcap; Evolution Erica; Blueribbon Blackbird; Cridlan Evergreen;
peak of perfection in type, quality Tola Blackberry; Black Pudding; Rosemere Antelope; Hilidale Pride;
ad some of the breed's mnost famous Petunia; Juana Erica; Judy Blackcap; Jilt and Mulben Pride.
bloodlines. W RITE FOR THE C CATALOG
Auctioneers: Address:
GEORGE KURTZ MODENA PLANTATION
TOM P'. McCORDMOEAP NT IN
Florida Cattleman: Isle of Hope, SAVANNAH, GEORGIA
ALDUS M. CODY ROBT. C. ROEBLING, Owner BILL BERGER, Herdsman


for January, 1950 13

















-7-







































640 Acres Is Profitable Farm in the


Everglades, According to John Tabit

Excl !V J Ol -1-11 photographer's thumb Eadh pasture is a (0ompeItC Unlit, with Another feature Of the Tabit layott
which blocked the view ill one Corner, Its OWn1 water suply~~l' (011C pumllp supplies are shades erected near thec (enter of
the picture 'above presents a good view water for two pastures) and its own mo- eaCh p~astUrc WhIile most of his cattle
of how a small livestock farmn call make lasses tank. CitruLs molasses is used. and conitainl somei Rrahianl bWood, mlanly of
mioney-if that farmn happens to be 10- Tabit feels that it is einenictly succe(s.s- dihem are of Enlglish breeding. Ill either,
cated inl the Evergdades. 11.1 inl keeping (attle inl Conditiol ;It (:ase, Tabit feels that shade is desiraleC
Tabit of Belle Glade is the mimm st.ad in the Case 01 the English attle it is
farmer. PiCtUre above shows his 640- Water control is the biggest s-Cet of nlecessaryV. Rows of trees have ])ell
acre farm, formerly devoted to vegetable ranching inl the Glades. however. Tabit's planted inl each pasture and surrouinded
raisig and now strictly limited to live- supply comes from one of the large by temporary lences. These trees CvN'l-
StOCk. Althought Tabit has a heavy in- canals maintained by the drainage dis- Wually' will Supply the needed shade.
vestmnent inl this property, lie is sure that trict inl which lie is located. Water is Alolasses tanks call be sp~otted ml the
raising and now strictly limited to live- pumped inl through Tabit's own heavy photo near the Lipper inside corners of
make him at least-10 percent oin his inl- pumpllls during dry' Weather, and dur11ing the two nearest pastures. The water
VCstment this yeCar as it did last year. wet weather the pumps may, of' course, tanks are located further back from the
The farm. which is exactly a mile be reversed and excess water removed. (anal. and one miay be seen inl rignt
SqjUare, is divided into 110 acre strips, Of Oil a smaller scale, this Smile pro(Css is (enter of the photograph.
which there are 16. A glance at the pic- used[ inl keeping water ill eaCh inldiVidUal Growth of the cattle jildustry inl the
ture will show that eaCh Of those strips pastire. F'or Cach two pastilres onle Evergl0ades area has been phelinmenal
abits onl the central canal which traVels pump111 moves water froml the( Canial ill hiring the past decade. A great deal of
from the pumplll house, bottom11, through11 Cent~er of piature inlto Or o"t of the ]pas- land whidh has p)reviously enue o
to the lar end of the ranch. ture needing.irrigation or drainage most. N-egetable growing- is now being con-

14 The Florida Cattleman








verted into pasture, Tabit reports, and
more land is being cleared for this pur-
l)Is*.special Everglades corn, Big Woe de- A W h ole

veloped by Dr. Roy Bair at the Ever-
gIades Experiment Station near Belle
Glade, has opened the way for a limited
alinount of giraiiil fattening in the area.

Cattleman .
Baucoin Named Marks
And Brands Inspector
For Lee by John Scott Permanently
FRFA) BAUCoNi, SR., of Fort Myers has o
been appointed Lee County marks and Bound in Canvas
brands inspector by John MI. Scott, chief
inspector for the state marks and brands and Stam ped
organization.
Bautom's salary will be paid by the in Gold
Lee County Cattlemen's Association and
by inspection fees. The setup is designed
to check slaughter and sale of stolen
cattle.
Action in Lee COutIy is expected to be
followed by similar action in Sarasota and postpaid
Charlotte counties due to ie cont thefts.


Duval Dairymen Short
Of Citrus Molasses
CITRUS MOLAsSES is in short supply. ac-
cording to County Agent A. S. Lawton an ideal gitt b r
of Duval County who reports that dairy-
m'en who were depending on citrus
molasses to supplement winter feeding the man who takes his
are beginning to run short.
3o farmers ii. the county have tanks
with a total capacity of 4>,000 gallons.
This is the first time the molasses supply
has been exhausted, Lawton says.
Think of it--an entire year of The Florida Cattleman bound in a
4-H Girl Visits Chicago single handsome volume, ready for instant reference at any time. A
Miss Bi ry SiiuoNs of Archer, who fine addition to any stockman's library . a valuable source of
showed the grand chio steer atth
I campion the reference information . Now ready for delivery are the 1949
Southeastern Fat Stock Show in 1946, at-
tended the National 4-H- Club Congress volumes, and orders are now being taken for the 1950 volumes.
in Chicago as a result of winning the Use the coupon below to order your 1949 volume or reserve your
44-I feeding contest sponsored by the 1950 copy. Order directly from the publishers, Cody Publications,
Florida State Cattlemen's Association. In., Box 891, Kissimnee, Florida.


New Drug Aids Mastitis _____-___- __ -____--------
DAIRYMEN, always troubled with mastilis,
are finding relief for the disease in a CODY PUBLICATIONS, INC., Box 891, Kissimmee, Florida
new miracle drug called aurcomycin, E Please send meW promiptly the 1949 bound volume of The Florida
which is now being made in quantities Cattleman. If payment is not enclosed I will pay postian $10 plus
sufFicient to allow its use in animal treat- C.O.D. and postage charges.
meant, according to Lederle Laboratories D Please enter my order for the 1950 bound volume of The Florida
of New York City. Cattleman. I understand you will notify me when the volume is ready
and that the order lay be cancelled at any time.
A NEW REGisERED nHereford bull weighing
1300 pounds has been purchased by W. Ship to-
N. Inman from a Texas breeder. Other
Gadstleo County cattlemen, received bulls Address
anti heifers in the same shipment, includ-
ing C. W. Thollas, Love Leaf Tobacco -
Corporation and A. L. Xilson. -

for January, 1950 14A








Your Itcome Tax:


Sale of Breeding Stock

Interpreted Variously

by GioRci E. ALLEN, Fort Myers From the standpoint of the randier.
Certified Public Accountant the right to claim the benefit of capital
INCOME TAX REGULATIONS have always gains limitations from the sale of breeCd-
classified breeding stock as capital as- ing stock is simply this: Long term
sets, et few if any ranchers until recent capital gains have a statutory limit
years have classified their herds for the whereby no more than 25 percent of
purpose of claiming depreci-t'ion on the total profit shall be paid as tax
those for which they have a cost basis, thereon and no matter what the tax-
or to take advantage of capital gains payer's position in determining taxable
limitations on the sale of breeding stock. income only 50 percent of the long
Section i1 7 (1) of the Internal Revenue term gain on the sale of capital assets
Code permits a taxpayer to treat the is ineludible in the return: whereas,
profit from the sale of property, "used ordinary income is (1( percent taxable
in the trade or business . of a char- and subject to no limitation whatever.
acter subject to the allowance for depre- The position of the Bureau as set
647 A ciation . held for more than six forth in IT .1666 and IT .1712 establish
months . and not of a kind includible a fine line of distinction and have been
in inventory or held primarily for sale the subject of much controversy in the
Make real money. Feed May- to customers . as long term capital past few years. The Commissioner's dis-
flower and Plymouth brands, gains. tinction as to what sales of breeding
Low cost High food value. The above section of the Internal Rev- herd result in capital gains, and which
Products of the Plymouth Cit- enue Code first appeared in the law in do not, has'been held invalid in several
1942 and at that time was interpreted recent decisions but to (late the Coin-
rus Growers Association. by the Commissioner as not applicable missioner has not acquiesced in this
to breeding livestock. Tin 1944 based on action of the courts and the I'ureau will
a request of the National Livestock Tax probably continue to disallow the use.of
Committee, he reversed his first stand capital gains unless they qualify under
and admitted that breeding stock could his tests.
be capital assets under certain conditions. The following cases are summarized
The Bnreau's position was set forth in for the consideration of cattlemen and
IT .1666 and IT 3712, which briefly their tax advisers because of their grow-
state that an unusual or abnormal sale ing importance and the possibility that
of breeding stock which results in a re- some may desire to file refund claims
auction of the breeding herd, and which for years not barred by the statute of
is not a routine sale, or a mere culling limitations.
process, will be considered the sale of R. W. Albright vs U. S. 173 Federal
a capital adset. Second 3g, decided March 1o, 1949, in
The pertinent portion of IT 3666 the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals,
reads: ".It is held that any livestock specifically held invalid the limitations
used for draft, breeding, or dairy pur- imposed in IT 3666 and IT 3712 on
poses,~ irrespective of whether such live- section 117 (j) as applied to livestock
stock was raised or otherwise acquired, sales. In this case, Albright, a farmer,
is property used in the trade or business, had a breeding herd of ten sows and one
of a character which is subject to the boar. He was also engaged in the dairy
allowance for depreciation. within the business and realized income from the
meaning of section 117 (j) of the In- sale of cows and bred licifers induded
ternal Revenue Code, supra, provided it in his dairy herd.
is held for more than six months. This He conceded that income from the
is equally true whether the farmer keeps sale of calves and hogs other than those
his books and files his returns upon the used for breeding purposes is ordinary
(ash receipts and disbursements basis or income but contended income from sale
upon the accrual basis. of cows and breeding lieifers taken from
"The sale of animals culled from the his breeding herd and from the sale of
breeding herd as feeter or slaughter breeding sows and boars was entitled to
animals in the regular course of business capital gains treatment under i17 (j)
is not to be treated as the sale of a The Commissioner's attitude was that
capital asset." such sales were not abnormal or in
L_____ UTH reduction of herds and all income was
*This is the second installment of two. First in- ordinary income.
stallmient was published in the December Cattle- Albright paid his tax and sued in the
-Euaaddeat primarily with treatment of paste U. S. District Court which upheld the

14B The Florida Cattleman








salidity of IT 0;66 and IT 3712.
Albright appealed to the U. S. Court of
Appeals which reversed the District
Court and field tile "(ull" and "normal-
abnornal' test were invalid insofar as WZnR7 a d A1i vo
they denied capital gains on sales of ee
the type made by Albright. The Court
,Specifically held that sales made for the
purpose of maintaining the size of a W -
breeding herd or sale because of un- PeasacoiZ
desirable age or conditions was a sale Ta azaassee
of capital assets resulting in capital gains
and that a farmer who sold his entire
hierd each year, replacing it with raised
animals was disposing of capital assets
and was entitled to capital gains treat-
lent.
Of course, a ruling by the Circuit
Court of Appeals is not binding upon RANCH andFA R M
the Commissioner in other Courts since a o7za
le failed to acquiesce and the Govern- MO TGAGE WIFFY COX
mnlt s position will probably be that
when a conflicting decision is entered in 7asvi le
one of the other nine Courts the matter V
will be appealed to the U Supreme
Court. The Supreme Court is the only
body to make a final determination un- ourArea. IS served Islee
less the existing law is changed by an n
act of Congress. an experienced
It should be noted that although Florida Mortgage Man. A""K"
there were five points at issue in the '
Albright case, the Government contested Ifyou are contemplating
only one, namely the question as to
whether the aninials were held by tax- orgaqge Loan or a.
payer primarily for sale to customers in
the ordinary course of his trade or
business. The Governient admitted want prompt action. .
that breeding cattle were subject to the
allowance of depreciation and were not I/ 0/9,7 e 61/'/'.-1,/e12/7
property of the kind includable iii the w/o serves Yogr &t-e
inventory.of the taxpayer if on hand at
the close of the taxable year. I
lit the case of Stutzman et al vs U. S., W T CO X CY MOAK
72 F'edleral Supplement 879, the plaintiffs
sold their entire herd, milk cows, heifers, 712e/ lip & yr&ndo 9
and calves at public sale. They also
sold three sows and one boar. They
reported the sale of the animals in qtues- C.B. MOA K
tion as gain oil the sale of a capitalQ
asset and re ported 50 per cent of the iZi Oi O A nZ u i ZfJ. . Z a
gain in their tax return. The Govern-
meiint disallowed the sale as a capital CONAf cr/cgr ITI/AL LIFE /AS6RAA'E CO
asset and assessed a deficiency, claiming
1oo per cent of such gain. as ordinary
income. Plaintiffs paid the tax and sued
for refund. The Court found in favor THE NEW IRACLE PRODUCT
of Stutznan and granted their refund. for Screw Worm Control in Live Stock
In its opinion the Court said, "All of
said heifers and calves, with the excep-
tion of three head, were intended by DFRM A SEAL
said plaintifs to Ile placed in said dairy DEwM A -SEAt
herd, and all of which were a part of Kills and Seals in one application
the dairy herd of said plaintiffs, and as
such were capital assets." Tihe Court No Bruting-No Mopping
also found that the three sows and one Just squirt it on. Try it at our risk.
boar were held ;is breeding flogs and NEW AND SENSATIONAL
that tiley were capital assets. While At all dealers, or write for full information about this wonder product
there was a "reduction of herd" involved B A I II Y S

for January, 1950 15 DRAWER E, NEWBERRY, FLORIDA








in this case the Court's decision made no
mention of the necessity of such a find-
ing and held the plaintiffs were entitled
to treat the livestock in question as
capital assets under the provisions of
117 (j.) It would appear that had the
Court felt a "reduction of herd" neces-
sary to the application of section 117 (0)
to the livestock in question it would
have mentioned it. STAYS MIXED, HEALS FAST, LIGHT COLORED
In the case of Isaac Emerson, 12 TC Du Pont's own formulation of tested
No. 115, Docket No. 16too, decision ingredients. Protects new wounds
entered May 27, 1949, the Tax Court from infestation, prevents reinfesta-
said, "The so>le issue presented is whether tion and helps wounds heal fast. Al-
ways ready to use because it stays
the profit realized by the petitioner in mixed. Light color, not messy to use.
1945 and 1946 from the sale of certain Comes in pints, quarts and gallons.
animals from his dairy and hog breeding See your dealer or write Du Pont,
Animal Industry Div., Wilmington
a herds constituted ordinary income or 98, Delaware.
capital gains under the provisions of
Now's the time to plan your pasture Section 117 (j) (i) of the Internal Better Things for Better Living
fertilizing program for future profits Revenue Code. .trough Chemistry
and-time's a-wastin'. For it does take "The precise question here presented
planning to get the best and most ec- was recently decided by the Circuit L
onomical results. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit

New and more economical methods in. Albright v. United States,-F (2d) FLORIDA CITRUS
have been developed to enable you to (supra) (March io, 1949). The facts in
get richer, 'more nutritive pasturage that case were, except for minor details,
yields with less work and expense. The identical with those presented in the
quicker you adopt these methods, the present proceedings. There the taxpayer
quicker your profits will increase. in 1945 and 1946 sold certain cows from
his tlairy herd and hogs from his breed-
That's where the Wilson &, Toomer ing herd, treating the profit from such PRODUCTS
Field Representative comes in handy. sales as a capital gain. The Commission- Dry Citrus Pulp.
He lives in. your community. He knows er determined that the profits from the Sweet Feed.
the soils found there. He can tell you sales were taxable to the farmer as Range Pellets.
how to use the new pasture fertilizing ordinary income. The Circuit Court Special Formulas
methods and which IDEAL Fertilizer stated in. regard to the provisions of
formulas are the best for your pasture section 1 17 (j) :
requirements. He'll be glad to give you "In order for the taxpayer to come within the FLORIDA
the benefit of his experience and advice provisions of section 117 (j) permitting him to
-all you have to do is call him or send treat the sales from his dairy and breeding lerds
as sales of capital assets, the burden is upon I in)
him a note that you want to see him, to show: (1) that the animals sold were used CIT
in his trade or business; (2) were subject to
allowance fI r depreciation; (3) were held for
more than six months; (4) were not property of COOPERATIVE
the kind includible in the inventory of the tax-
ILSON &T OOMER payer if on hand at the close of the taxable year; LAKE WALES FLORIDA
and (5) that the animals were not held by the
F E R T I L I Z E R taxtpayer primarrily for sale to customers in the Telephone 2678
COM PANY ordinary course of his trade or business.
"It is clear that the animals in question were
JACASoNVILLE, FLORIDA property used in the petitioner's trade or business
of farming and that they were property of a
cdiracter subject to allowance for depreciation. Good for t Lifetime!
______________________________________ I. T. 3666, C.B. 1944, P. 270. Each of tlse animals
(with the exception of two sows sold in 1945)
had been held by petitioner for a period of longer j R E U O T'E D
Clean, Comfortable, Friendly than six months. The livestock was noct property
of the kind includible in the inventory of the
THE ARC DIA HOUSE taxpayer if on hand at the close of the taxable
yeaT. Regulations 111, section 29.22 (a)-7, IT
3666, supra. FEN EPO T
Arcadia, Florida "Thus, the fundamental issue between the par-
ties centers on the question of whether or not the You save by buying creosoted posts
animals in question were held by petitioner that have been proven by tests to
primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary last for thirty years. How much
course of his trade or business. longer they will last nobody knows.
"The position of the respondent herein seems Here are the posts you need and
Autioneer to be based on his two rulings published as 1.T. Her are the pos you ne a
3666, supra, and I.T. 3712 C.B. 1945, P. 176, for a price that will save you money.
whiCh rulings it should be noted are not Treasury We also creosote lumber. Write for
ROBERT D. COOPER Regulations and as a consequence do not have details.
the force and effect that Regulations are accorded.
Florida's leading purebred and "In I.T. 3666, Supra, the Commissioner, after
commercial auctioneer recognizing 'the inherent character of life stock F L 0 IR I D A
used for draft, breeding, or dairy purposes as
TELEPHONE 35291 SARASOTA capital assets' held that the 'sale of animals culled F E N C E P O S T C O., I N C.
for your sales dates from the breeding herd as feeder or slaughter
animals in the regular course of business is not Phone 3171
I to be treated as the sale of a capital asset'. To WAUCHULA, FLORIDA
Plant Located at Ona, Fla., Phone 4858
16 The Florida Cattleman









clarify his posit ott, the CoMmIis sioIner in I. T.
3712, sUi)ra, establiShed a so-called noria-abnorial
sales test, holding that if the number of atinimals
sold front tile breeding herd during a taxable
year exceeded the number of animals added to
the reeling herd fildring the sanle year, it weas
to he presumed that tie excess tniumttber sold con.
sister of animals held or breeding purposes and
that the gain (11 loss rcm tit stili sales was sitbject
to treatient as capital gain or losses.
"It has been stipulated herein that the peti-
tioner's sales of livtstock did not result in1 a
reduction of his battle and hog herds. Thus, if
the Comtotissioter's rulings are valid, it is plait
that the respondent's determination herein is
correct.
"The Circuit Court of Appeals, in Albright v.
United States, supra, field that the interpretations
upci whicli tile Commiiiissioner relies 'are cointrxry
to the plain language of section 117 (J) and to
the intent of tie Congress expressed in it'. In
reaching this conclusion the couit observed that:
"Nothing in the language of the Act indicates With the ending of 1949, growers
an intention oi tle part of Congress to den can look back on a year of prosperity
the relief granited by the section to aty taxpayers
whose transactions ieet the prescribed conditions. for most FiOrida Agriculture. 1950 is
The Commissioner has ruled that livestock held still a question-But, CAREFUL growers
by a farer for dairy, breeding, or draft puqposesuestC o n
are, while so held aisd used, depreciable assets, iet of all crops can look forward to con-
primiarily held for sale to cistoitiers in the ordinary tinued prosperity.
course of his isisitess. Nothing ill tile la-ngUage NACO Fertilizer and Services can
of tle section Justifies tile iiference that a farmer
should be denied the right to treat the profits and will be an important factor in
received front the sales of such livestock wen pesnning your prosperity for the year
they are no longer profitable cr fit for ttse i the
farmer's business as productive of capital gains
and not of ordinary income. This, however, is Call on us to do our part-
tle effect of tile ruling relied oni by tile Govern-
nietit. "
"We agree with the Appellate Court that a C
dairy farimer is not prinarily engaged ill tile sale

stcck froit his dairy ierd is not a sale of property
hield primarily for sale to customers ill the
ordinary course of his business. X
"We also agree with that part of t 0e court's
decision wherein it was held that the fact that
hogs frot the breeding herd were customarily
conditioned for inirket before sales does not show JACKSONVILLE 1, FLORIDA
that the taxpayer has Oct held then for the
purpose of Ireeding or that they were held
primarily for sale to customters in the ordinary
course Of his trade or business.
"On tle authority of Albright v. United States,
supra, we conclude that tile various animals
(except for tile two sowes lield less thatn six months) -
ich were soli Is I etitioner froit Iis dairy it
hiog breeding liertls ii [lie years 1945 andt 191 fl-his S ofu M e
tere capital assets within the meaning of section
117 (j) of the internal Revenue Code and that
tile Profits realized in these yeats from the sale of
such animals are pircperly taxable as capital gains
and not as orldiiary incomte".-
In the case of Leslie S. Obero- v.
Commissioner of Internal Revenue, best quality
Docket No. 15913, Decisiol May 27,
1949, tile Tax Court held the gaitn from o
the sale of 22 sows and one boar fromin
Oberg's breeding herd were a sale of
capital assets and as such on1Y 50'
of tile gain Wats ttxble income. We have excellent loading faeili-
Although the matter is by no means ties. Have your trucker get in
clear, it would appear that where profits
are to be retained in the form of tax touch with us.
savings, front treating sales of breeding
Cattle as sales of capital assets, tlat
anmellded returns and claims for refunds
should Ibe filed for those years not barred
by tle Statttte of Limita tions, ts a pro- e
tective measure. TO stubstantiate stChl.
returns atnd. claims the cattle mnit's
records nttst be adequate to properly HAINES CITY, FLORIDA
reflect tile division l)etween breetling
herd and other cattle, and unless such
diVisitin is showlil tile possibility of T H E Y M 0 0 F 0 R M 0 R E
successfull) )ressinlg a claim would
appear to be small.


for January, 1950 17












for dependability T TOO LATE to Register

For American National

FOR BETTER STOCK: Meet, Chairman Announces

BETTER PASTURES. Outstanding speakers will be presented


Walker Field Tested pasture during Miamni meeting January 4-7; Social

Fertilizers are tested in Walk- events are also planned

er field test plots first, for IT'S NOT TOO LATE to decide to attend the on this page-but there are SuCh outstand-

your protection. American National Livestock Association ing speakers scheduled as: John Holmes
convention January -1-7 at Miami. of Chicago, President of Swift and Coin-
That's the word from John G. DuPuis, pany; Wheeler \lcM illeIn of Philadelphia,
general chairman for the host Florida Editor-in-Chief of FARNI JOURNAL: Gen-
Distributors of State Cattlemen's Association. But Du- cral Harry HI. Johnson of Mexico City,
puis advises making reservations immed- Joint Coordinator of the U. S.-Me'fcxico
DuPONT LIVESTOCK lately to save time, trouble, and, money. Foot and Mouth Disease Commission:
after you arrive in Miami. Wire the Miami and Wallace F. Bennett of New York,
SPRAY AND Convention Bureau for reservations. President of the National Association of
"The hotels are giving the cattlemen Manufacturers.
DIP No 30 a lower rate than any) indivit-la can get The entertainment program, arranged
itl these hotels at this time of the year," by Dupuis and his committee, includes
Dupuis points out. "You'd be wise to the Hospitality Night Thursday evening,
No. 30 kills ticks, mange mites and apply for reservations before you arrive a boat tour Friday afternoon, and ban-
provides residual fly, tick and lice in Miami." quet and dance with floor show Saturday.
Complete program s gi ven elsewhere And free orange juice and milk is
control.



Also distributors of National Convention Program
Wednesday, January 4
Screwworm 8:00 p. i.-Executive Committee Meeting.Bayview Room, Hotel McAllister

Sm ear 220 Thursday. Jamnar" 5
9:30 a. n.-Call to Order.Municipal Auditorium
Addresses of Welcome: William Wolfarth, Mayor of Miami: Alto Adams, Jr.,
Justice, Florida Supreme Court; Irlo Bronson, President, Florida State Cattlemen's
For the Best by actual test Association. Response: Loren Bamert, lone, Calif. Annual Address: President
A. A. Smith. Executive Secretary's Report: F. E. Mollin. Addresses: John
Wire or Write Holmes. President. Swift and Company, "Opportunity or Stagnation"; Wheeler
McMillen. Editor-in-Chief, Farm Journal, "Agriculture's Biggest Question".
2:30 p. im.-Connnittee M eetings.M cAllister Hotel
8:00 p. i.-Hospitality Night.M municipal Auditorium
Florida entertains the nation. Wear something western.
ZTelephone 6771
Friday, January 6
7:30 a. in.-Secretaries' Breakfast.M cAllister Hotel
ORLANDO, FLORIDA State and local secretaries. J. R. Gunn, Secretary, Florida State Cattlemen's
Association. presiding.
7:30 a. i.-Junior American National Breakfast.\IcAllister Hotel
President Nlauirice O'Connell presiding.
9:30 a. in.-Call to Order.M1\[ nicipal Auditorium
Personalized Addresses: Paul Thomnpson. Tcrre Haiute, Ind., "The Business of Cattle Feeding";
Charles E. Kellogg, Chief, Division of Soil Survey, U. S. Department of Agricul-
LEATHER BELTS ture, "Soil Potentialities for World Food Production"; General Harry H. Johnson.
BILL FOLDS Joint Coordinator. United States-Mexico Foot and Mouth Disease Commnisssion.
I PURSES "Fighting Foot and Mouth Disease in Mexico". Film, Public Relations Corn-
NOCONA BOOTS Imittee, "All Flesh Is Grass".
HEREFORD SADDLES 2:00 1). in.-Scenic Boat Trip (three hours).City Yacht Basin, Bayfront Park
Hand-tooled handbags made to your own Saturday, January 7
individual specifications as to color and 9:30 a. in.-Call to Order.M unicipal Auditorium
pattern. See us for saddlery, boots. Addresses: Stephen H. Hart, Attorney, National Livestock Tax Committee,
"Income Taxes of the Livestock Producer"; Wallace F. Bennett, President,
"In The Cow Capital" National Association of Manufacturers, "A Vital Program for American Initstry.
Coinnnittee reports. Election of' officers. Selection of next place of meeting.
Umifinishied bursi ness. Adjorurnmnt.
70 p. in.-Ansal Banquet .Mun11icipal A"sricitorirtirr
9:00 t. m.-Floor Show r. M municipal Auditorium
s O xI E 10:00 p3. i.-Dancing .MNtiricipal Auditoriini
KISSIMMEE

18 The Florida Cattleman








being provided by Indian River Citrus
growers and Dadc-Broward milk produ- F LfIMR AU E .
cers, resp~ectively. FLORID RA C 'E a~~um 1211m1 ON E
All convention sessions, and most of
the entertainment, are scheduled in the
Municipal Auditorium in Miami's Bay- WIW c h o w
front Park-right across the street from-
the string of hotels which will house con- w i t h a F e 1 1 o w R a n c h m a n a t --
vention delegates.
Officials of the American National
have made it clear that all interested per-
sons are welcomec to attend the conven-
whether they are members During The American National Livestock
of' the American National or one of its
affiliated state organizations or not. A s s o c i a ti o a C o n v e n I i o n
Upwards of 1000 registrations have
been received already for the conven- at M AA January 4, 5, 6 and 7
tion, according to Dupuis. Floridians
are expected to make the westerners feel H.4CO M ODO RD I HT L_
at home in their first meeting east of the d
Mississippi in 52 years, and Dupuis urges
all who can to attend.
Registration room will be located in
the lobby of the McAllister Hotel, and
reception rooms for ladies and men are -
located in that hotel also. Those who ar-
rive without advance reservations can -
get help from the registration officials. merican National Livestock Association Convention
Message of American National Presi- _--__ January 1950 -
dent A. A. Smith, in calling the conven- )Bring Your Branding Irons And Burn
tion, states in part: Your Mark On Free Souvenir Plaque
"At the beginning of a new year which *
also marks the opening of a new half Old Fashioned Ranch House Special Low Rates To Fellow Florida
cn United Hospitality Ranchmen Attending The Convention
century, the cattlemnen of the United -.frale iy
States can look into the future with con- Comfortable, Airy, Twin Bed Double Room,
Modern Rooms Combination Bath and Shower
siderable confidence Each With Private Bath Per Person . . $4 to $6
"Vhile it is unquestionably true that and Shower Triple Bed Room
there will occur adjustments and price --. Finest Foods, (Single Beds, 3-to-a-Room)
upsets which will cause temporary con- Wines and Liquors Combination Bath and Shower
cern and financial stress, the long-time 0 Per Person 3
-Coffee Shop sn.$
outlook most certainly can be considered -and Cocktail Lounge Single Room, Combination
satisfactory to the beef producers of our Air Conditioned Bath and Shower . .
nation.
"The demand for beef is good and is Please make your reservations early so your Free
continually improving. Our increasing Souvenir Plaque will be ready for your Branding Iron.
population gives assurance of an ever-ex-
panding market for our product.
"Livestock agriculture is getting recog-
ition as a soil fertility conserving prac-
tice, which fact is improving our position S. W. 1 S I S t. & 2 n d A v e.
in the estimation of the public JoeH.Adams, Manager
"The threat of loss from disease and
parasites is being constantly lessened Owner of The JA Ranch, Indian Town, Florida
through progress in scientific research Cattleman
and education. Don't Miss An Issue!
"All things considered I believe the One Year, $2.00; Two Years, Advertising Pays
A-merican cattleman can step into the $3.00; Four Years, $5.00
second half of the 20th century with
faith in the future of the beef cattle in- The Florida Cattleman Storm-Proof
dustry." BOX 891 KISSIMMEE, FLA.

BUHOCS
A IIAR1ECUE featured the annual meeting Registered Dark Red Blocky Jin calls 'em--and can they take it!
of the Pasco County Cattlemen's Associa- PUROC BOARS AND i'; and pigs from 25 proen prolific s
DUROCBOAR ANDand carefully selected gilts bred to our top
held at the fair grounds near Dade boars, the 700 lb. Master Ace 2nd from Paul
City December 12. Irlo Bronson of Agee; the Broadanlobilt grandson Master Lad,
Kissimmee, president of the Florida State Gatrell Duroc Farms from Harry Boyles
Cattlemen's Association, Jay B'. Starkey and
of Largo, vice president of that group, Gatrell and Moore Beardsley Farms
and P. E. Williams, past FSCA president, Fairfield, Marion County, Fla. HIWAYS 25 & 80 a CLEWISTON, FLORIDA
were feature speakers.

jor January, 1950 19










Give Your Cattle Is WATER


"THE BEST" CONTROL
a problem on
Hundreds of satisfied and
pleased cattle owners are using Your Pasture ?
MAXCY'S RANGE MINERAL reg- We offer construction services for ditch-
ularly as a balanced and com- ing, dyking, water control structures,
plete feeding supplement for and other types of engineering con-
their herds. struction. Contact
Also, many other cattle own-
ers are rapidly becoming users JARCO CORP.
of MAXCY BRAND CATTLE PEL- Contractors and Engineers
LETS. These popular and well J. A. Riviere, President
known items are of indispensa- 209 So. Orange Ave., Ph. 31141 or 21302
ble value to you in supplying BOX 3468 ORLANDO
lacking elements on your range.
Please get in touch with us so
that we can help you with your Polk Coun y cattlemen had their an-
feeding problems. imal association meeting in Bartow re
cently. Upper panel, P. E. Williams,
E. R. JOH NSTON, MGR. member of the connittee for the Ameri-
can National Livestock Association con-
vention in Miami 7anna)y 4-7, received
Polk Connty's S5oo check toward con- WE ARE
mention expense from Huigh Alexander INTERESTEDIN
of Lake Vales, left, as President Ben Hill -
C. Griffin of Frostproof and Vice President
FERTILIZERS, INC. E. V. Hidden of Brewster look on. LVESTOCK
Lower panel, newly elected officers pose PROBLEM
FROSTPROOF FLORIDA for the cameraman, left to right, Secre- Whefher
ary-Treasurer Arthur Bissett of Waverly. Improve-
President TIhidden, and Vice President mentof
!. Dunrrance of Fort Mleade. Your.

FENCE POSTS Whidden Elected Patue
COWPEN POSTS AND PILING P l Pi e1=&
Polk President NATIONALL BANK
Lightwood-write or wire for prices,
stating quantity. At Annual M eet

D. W. ROWELL
BOX 913 STUART, FLA. E WHIDiEN of Brewster was elected
president of the Polk County Cattlemen's + A dver i se!+
Association at a Bartow session recently
at which the group voted S500 toward
the American National Convention at

SUGAIR-SWEE7T two-year period, toward construction of W welcome
Pulp, rich in its own natural fruit the proposed 4-H camp at Lake Placid.
sugars, is higher in total digestible Whidden, who has served as vice presi-
nutrients*, higher in nitrogen-free ex- dent for the past year, succeeds Ben Hill V visitors
tract"*, lower in fiber*** less dusty GrfiofFstofwhisnwvc
and more palatable than plain citrus Griffi of Frostproof who is now vice to the American National
pulp. president of the Florida State Cattlemen's convention, Miami Jan. 4-7
*75.0% to 74.0% for Plain. Association. W. J. Durrance of Fort
-65.0% to 59.0% for Plain. Meade is new Polk County vice president, We have a number of
-.13.5% to 16.0% for Plain.
Crude Protein (6.0%), same as Plain, and while Art Bissett of Waverly was elected ranch properties suitable
Crude Fat (2.5%), same a-s Plain. secretary-treasurer. for commercial or pure-
P. E. Williams of Davenport, past bred livestock operation,
president of the FSCA, told the group including-
about the national convention. 50,000 ACRES ditched and
P A S C O Association directors elected at the .raReS ditchedaand
PACKING COMPANY meeting are: C. C. Peters of Lake Wales, draped and low taxes
A. G. McMillan and Minor S. Jones III Others up to 150,000 acres
Dade City, Florida of Fort Meade, Dave Turner of Bradley
Ior information and samples write J. S. Junction, B. T. Reynolds of Auburndale, James E. M ozley
Farrior, Citrus Feed Division. Donald McLean and Stuart of Bartow, Realtor St. Cloud, Fla.
Griffin, and Wear.

20 The Florida Cattleman










Connell Is

Winner at

Citrus Fair

Two CONNELL STOCK FARMS entriCs WOI
grand (haipionships in the Citrus
County Fair livestOck show held at Inver-
ness NoveIbCr 21-26. Dr. Oliver F.
Goen, exte(ISionl :uiimnal husbandman.
jtidged the event.
The Connell en-tries, both Herefords,
Nee CSF,' Doo BlIanMhad 2oth and CSF
Donna Blan(hIrd ith. Small numbers
of Aberdeen-AIuIs, Brahman and Hol-
stein tattle were shown in addition to
thle Herefords.
In ddit>io. to Connell, John J. Bird
of Hernando particilated in the Here-
ford competition. Angts were exhibited
by Hollins Wood Ranch of Crystal River, P
While Darrell Smith of Inverness showed A i d s P a s ur e D e v e o p m e n t
the top Brahman entry and C. C. V.
Bellamy, also of Inverness, also exhibited S H R E D S W E E D S .SAV ES G R A SS
Brahmans.
Dtroc swine were shown by eight cx- Improved Heavy-DUty When weeds grow higher than the
hibitors: John Cannon of Homosassa grass in your newly seeded pas-
Springs. T. W. Harrison of Floral City, MODEL 50
L. C. johnstonl and WnVCdell Spivey of I~ture. Wood's Rotary Cutter will
E.99S IEM11 C.t thhseo weed anndl savee thofa
Inverness, Joseph Petty (4-H) of Le- get the weeds and save the grass.
Canto, Jesse Black (FFA) of Crystal CUTS A ND S H RE D S Set your Wood's Model 50 at any
River and Inverness FFA Chapters. Corn Stalks Cotton Stalks cutting height desired. It will
Grain Stubbles Potato Vines shred weeds and grass into small
A.\MERIC:AN NATIONAL CONVENTION will be Pea Vines Weeds chaff-like particles that mulch
in Miami January -7. Brooncorn Rice Stubble your soil, help hold moisture and
All are shredded add humus nourish new grass.
to your soil, aid aeration, add
tilib, hold moisture.--- -------------------
JOHN A. TABIT 2
SEE IT AT YOUR DEALERS I Florida Rep. for Wood Bros. Mfg. Co.
OR MAIL COUPON TODAY Belle Glade, Florida
Send me Free Folder with table of nutrients
in crop residue and information on Wood's
Ileavy-Duty Model 50 Rotary Cut ter.
Name
Postoffice B
OREGO ILLNOIS State



FARMS A. R. RICHARDSON
RANCHES
MORTGAGE LOANS REAL ESTATE
CUT-OVER TIMBERLANDS TrALL II SSEE, FLORIDx




MAKE HAY RAIN OR SHINE
4 That hush P~angola grass in your pastune now wilbe fine Iced in the barn next
winter w6th no loss and no spoilage. Bale your hay green, cure it in the barn with a
Connell Stock Farms showeed these twto
He .reford~s to championships ill that di- FARM RAYDRIER
vlslo( of the Citrus County Fair recently see our latest installation i( operation at Connell Stock Farm, Inerness, Florida-the
UpPer Panel sho s CSF Don Blancha(d most efficient farm drier in Florida to date. Driers Designed, Built, and Installed.
FREDRICK W. AIRANO. Agricultural Engineering Serivce. 335 S. Roper Ase.
20thc, G hile beloz is Pic- Phone 2151-W, Gainesville, Fla.
lured CSF Donna Blanchard i3th, chain-
pion female.

/Or January, 1950 21










Ag Building Next, Miller
PASTURE Says at fange Station

GRASSES Field Day November 11

AGRICULTURAL FACILITILs have the top average. weighed r63 pounds for a gain
priority for new construction at the of 208 ivunds Or 166 per day. Pasture
University of Florida after present work condition on the two lower groups was
/l d a is cipleted, Dr. J. Hills Miller, presi- not as good as oi the two groups which
dent of the University, told several gained most.
hundred visitors at the annual field day The station also reported that burning
Bahia of the Range Cattle Experiment Station and supplemental feeding of grapefruit
Bermuda at Ona. and cottonseed pellets further reduced
Speeches started the program which the mineral consumption.
Carpet was broken by a barbecue, prepared by
Clover the Hardee County Cattlemen's Associa-
Crotolaria tion, and concluded with a tour of the
CDtlaia station's pastures and cattle herds.
Dallis President Miller, pointing out that the
Fescue University is the second largest in the
South, declared it was a disgrace to
Hairy Indigo Florida that the University has not had
funds to provide laboratories and other
facilities needed for agricultural research.
Cattlemen learned that the Rang7
p Cattle Station has produced the mosi
beef per acre (and over a seven year
period) with Carpet and Clover pasture
fertilized with Phosphorus, Potash and
Harding Calcium with minor elements-copper
Hegari zinc and manganese. This pasture has
Lespedeza produced a yearly beef gain per acre of
Lupine 275 Potinds. Similar results (over a two
Rupdes year period) were obtained with tIf
Rhodes samle orasses and the same fertilizatio
Seed Oats except with borax added to the minor
Seed Ryeeem t.
Other grasses producing over 100
Sesbania pounds per acre gain included: Torpedo
Sudan with complete fertilizer (128 pounds)
Pensacola Bahia with complete fertilize
(138 pounds) ; Coastal Bermuda with
Winter Rye complete fertilizer (136 pounds); Patb
gola with complete fertilizer ( 6 -
pounds); 99 Bermuda with complete
fertilizer (157 pounds); Vasey with com
pletc fertilizer (132 pounds).
Calves out of Brahman dams b
Shorthorn bulls showed the highest dail
gain in records kept on calves from dat
rhutlSeptembier 1949. 0 t __l
H A LE-D EA N these calves, Averagng (l3 days old,
weighed 442 pounds for a gain of 378
pounds, or a gain per day of 1.96
pounds. Calves out of Grade Devon and
Hereford dams, by a Brahman bull
COM PANY averaged 181 days old, weighed 405
H pounds for a total gain of 333 and an As usual the Range Cattle Experiment
average gain per day of 1.84 pounds. Station's Field Day at Ona attracted a
Office: 53 E. Church St. Calved out of Grade Brahman dams by large and enthusiastic crowd. Upper
Polled Shorthorn bull averaged 217 days panel, Dr. 7. Hillis Miller, University of
Warehouse on ACL tracks 412 pounds for Florida president, addresses the group.
a total gain of 350 or i.6 pounds per Center panel shows part of the crowd
ORLANDO FLORIDA watching crossbred groups which are
day. Calves out of Grade Devon, Short- being pastured and fed in different ways.
Phone 8246 horn, Hereford and Brahman dams by a Bottom panel pictures the registered
Brahman sire were 18o days old, on the Brahman herd owned by the Station.

22 The Florida Cattleman










Economist Says Livestock CASE

Outlook Good for 1950; BRUSHLAND

Beef Demand Will Stay Up DISC

by F. W. PARVIN, Economist the rent. But it looks now as though
Florida Agricultural Extension Service the incomes of working people would
FRON[ wHIERE WE ARE Sitting now, it Seems fall very little in 195o. In other words, HR O
as though Florida cattlemen are still in there should be about as much "beef
a favored position insofar as the pros- money" in the family food budget in
pects for 1950 are concerned-favored 1950 as there was in 1949. That, in its
when. compared with other Florida live- simplest terms, is demand.
stock producers and farmers. We think For the next few months, prices of
the producers of Florida beef are in a Florida cattle should remain steady and
favored position because theirs is one perhaps even rise somewhat-it's a sea-
of the commodities least likely to show sonal movement. For 1950, we believe
any appreciable drop in price in 1950. that cattle prices won't average far be-
(Florida milk is another.) low the corresponding period of 1949- The "M" series Brushland Harrow
Here are our reasons for thinking for comparable grades of cattle. was specifically designed with Florida
that: I n the first place, there is little The outlook for beef cattle in Florida conctio s ming c i e tough bg,
In 5 f citinsing mLit lnd-t togso
chance that there will be any larger then: Production, about the same inl flood land and the like. The shear-
amount of beef produced in the United 195o as 1949; price, only slightly below ing action of its big cut-away disk
States il 1950 than was produced ill i .blades will sever brush, roots and
1949. Beef cattle numbers are being re- The og situation presents a sone- small tree trunks . working the mass
Beefcatle uolers ein Th Isg sitlaiot P1of vegetation down into the surface of the
built, in the country as a whole, after what different picture. As long as the soil and preparing a usable seedbed. It may
a five-year decline in cattle population. old sow catn produce two litters a year be fitted with broad mold-board scrapers for
As all beef cattlemen know, it's a mighty with 5 to io pigs per litter, it's possible sticky soils, or with weight boxes for tough sod.
hard job to increase cattle population to increase pork production in a hurry. proving permanent pasture and rangeland.
and beef production during the same And that is certainly occurring. In 1948, It has the strength and cutting power to tear
period. (Actually, that happened in 1949, for instance, 85 million pigs were saved. up root-bound sol for the seeding of im-
but it was because of the fact that ani- With the incentive of a big feed crop, proved grasses and the cut-away risks ride
I over obstructioss without delay or breakage.
tmals os feed were fed to much heavier the pig crop was upped to 96 million in Stocked in Orlando, along with the tractors
weiglts to use up the huge quantities 1949. There is every reason to believe to pull them.
of relatively clseap feed.) Increasing that a further increase is in prospect for MEDLOCK
beef cattle numbers will mean more beef 195o. As far as pork production is con-
a few years from now, but not in 195o. cerned, the live weight of hogs slaug- TRACTOR COMPANY
So, on the supply side of the picture tered in 1948 was 11.8 billion pounds 1130 West Central Ave. Phone 2-3460
there will probably be very nearly the for the country as a whole. in1 1949, it ORLANDO FLORIDA
same atsmoutst of beef going to market- looks as though the total will reach al-
pounds of beef, that is-in 195o as there most 155 billion-an increase of about
was in 1949. 4 percent. Soie of the ieat experts in AT PERSONS
As far as the demand for beef is con- Washington look for another increase-
cerned, the situation at this time is bet- perhaps 8 percent-in 1950. That would
ter than we would have believed was in mean in the neighborhood of 16-5 bil-
tile cards a few months ago. A year ago, lion pounds of pork-live weight-in
for instance, most of us believed that 1950-
the year 1949 was to be the year of ad- Of course, that 1950 figure is guess
justments from the high level of prices work, but it's based on the fact that pork
and incomes following World War II. producers almost always increase their f.,
None of us, of course, knew how bad production when the relationship be-
the adjustments would be. We didn't tween the price of corn and the price
think it would be as bad as the adjust- of hiogs is as favorable as it has been
nsent periodl If 1920, after World War since the first big corn crop of 1948.
I-prices fell 51 percent then-but we There are a couple of points that pre-
didn't know. vent an even larger increase in pork e ethe sadde, yalk
Today, prices and general business ac- production. In the first place, facilities ing or driving, you'll ap-
tivity have declined less than 20 per- os- farms are too limited to take care of preciate the built-in com-
cent. Few people got hurt in this per- very many more sows and their pigs, fort and distinctive styling
Iset~he 1sr- ~of a Hyer Boot. Mode in '
iod, and mats) people didn't even feel and in the second place there is a cer- the West for men in the
the adjustment. tainty of a support price o the 1950 .West for 74 years. Come -
'Tlse money working men take home at corn crop, while supports on neat ani- ofin yer a paB t-
the end of tile weck or month is the mals are only "permissible"-not Lsanda-
mioney housewives use to buy beef steaks tory.
and hamburger. Of course, they also So the outlook for Florida hog ro- PERSONS, INC.
use that money to buy babies' shoes, ducers for 1950 is: Plenty of pork pro- KISSIMMEE FLORIDA
make a paymssent on the stove, and pay duction and prices below 1949, probably

for January, 1950 23










CATTLEMEN'S A

SUPPLIES

Rubberized
Pommel Slickers V
Johnson Whips
Justin Boots
Bona Allen
Saddles
Rubber Pcids
Rico Dip
Burdizzo
Emasculators -
Write for our new
Cattlemen's Catalog
Shorthorns thrive on the good pastures at Beartsley Farms near Clewiston. This
al/up of malions is graZingo in the shelter of the (like which rings 77110 of Lake
W. B. MAKINSON CO. Okeechobee.
KISSIMMEE FLORIDA
at or near support levels quite often, if Mid-Florida 4-l
hogs are supported.
Florida dairymen are facing another Dairy Show H eld
good year in 1950. In that respect they
are in a much better position than their On Novem ber 17
L J fl C fellow dairymen in other states. Of
L K B course. Florida's dairy situation is uni- 11 Fi\ f I i-FoinA 4-H Dairy Heifer
que-in that is almost entirely a fluid Show, held m Orlando Nov. 17, resulted

CK IN PLA T ilk deal. Relatively little of Florida's in ou e abbpainsh
total milk production goes into the lower- five counties Oarticipating.
priced by-product markets. There is a Roy Roberts of Orange County was
pricd b-prdu~ marets Thre s a high manl in the con test, btit other blue
ready market for all the milk being pro- rilh n winners were Frank Gutteridge,
Meat Packers duced here now during the school and Ann Diners ewis GuTterdf
touistseaonsandat oodpries. Ann Davidson and Lewis M~cTeer of
tourist seasons-ant at good prices. Polk, Vernon Thomas and Dale Metz of
DAILY CASH MARKET FOR It should be recognized here that any Orange. Fred Conner, Arvid Johnson
substantial expansion of dairying in
Florida must face the problem of having oif Osela and Edwin Me of
much of that expansion move into the f Osceola and Edwin Mayfield of
surplus by-product markets-during the Volusia.
Youngsters were graded not only on
TAMPA summer months, at any rate, thi niml n somnhp
Florida dairymen welcomed the sub- their animals but oln showmanship,
stantial drop in feed prices in 1949 be-
cause feed is a highly important cost-of- by Dr. S. P. Marshall and C. W. Reaves
production item with them. Only slight of the University of Florida, W. J. Nolan
drops from the i().4 levels can be ex- (f Jacksonville, Carroll Ward of Winter
pected in 1950. There is little likeli- lark and K. S. McMullen of Gainesville.
WEAR THE BOOT hood for an increase in the supplies of Junior judging contest was won by
Polk County, followed by Lake and
THAT'S THE "CHOICE high protein feeds for i95o.
The outlook, then, for dairying in oliisia.
OF THE WEST Florida for 1950 is good-with prices Nowak Elected Head of
about as high as 194, dlemad fully as
good, and slightly lower feed costs. Escambia Breeders
Cowboy Boots E. 0. NowAK Of CaIntonineiit is new
Washington Yield High president of the Escambia Count) Arti-
ficial Breeders' Association following an
4 A44 WASiNGToN CouNTY JayCees heard that election held in Pensacola recently.
Esch ia Hand farmers in the county are "averaging Other officers are W. P. Duncan, vice
Lasted. about two gallons of fluid milk per day president, and Dr. J. R. Love, secretary-
hveI Ha-eg over a ten-month period" from, each of treasurer. Directors are Nowak, Duncan,
Shanks. their cows when County Agent H. 0. Crawford Rainwater, A. E. Nowlin,
shanks are used as-. Harrison spoke to the group recently at Eugene Sunday, L. G. Foster, and John
suring solid support. Chipley. Atkinson.
SOnly choice Center
Cuts of Skins are At the present price of milk, Harrison Dtiring the fiscal year ending Novem-
use in Vamps said, this would make the gross income ber 1, 1949, 542 cows were bred by
Ask for from one cow per year around S125. artificial insemination in Escambia Coun-
WET Guernseys and jerseys are most popular ty, Agricultural Agent E. N. Stephens
in the county. told the group.
SHORE'S MENS WEAR
KISSIMMEE, FLA. 24 The Florida Cattleman










Hampshire,

Duroc Sales

Scheduled

FLORIDIANS WIL11AVE al. opportunity t
buy both Hampshires and Durocs at
public auction auCthes Within the next
two mionthis
Dr. C. L. Adamis of The Adamis Comi-
pany,, Live Oak, has announced a sale
Of 5o registered Hamipshires to be held
at his farm near Lake City oin February
16, while the Southeastern Duroc Breed-
ers' Association has announced its 1959
regional sale at the livestock auditoriumii Master Bilt
inl Valdosta, Ga., on January 24.
The Valdosta sale will be preceded by REGISTERED HAMPSHIRES
a show which will start at 10:00 a. in.
The sale begins at 1:00 p.m., and will TO BE SOLI FEBRUARY 14
feature sale of 40 bred gilts from many 1 :30 P. ill. At The Farmt
of the South's leading herds, according
to Charles E. Bell of Athens, Ga., secre- 20 Bred Gilts, bred to Master Bilt shown above, and other
tarv-treasurer of the organization. champion and outstanding boars, will be included in this
Adams Company's sale will include 20 sale along with 10 boars froni weaning age to service age.
bred gilts, bred to Master Bill, the pro-
duction registry boar which the herd re-
cently acq uired. 10 of the animals con- e A a s C o. I c
signed will be boars of all ages, and the
remainder of' the 50 animals will be open Live Oak, Florida
geinAle of the 50 aiiils will be Farm located mile west of Lake City on Lake Jeffery Road
Thse Adaiis farm is located only One-
half mile west of Lake City on the Lake
Jeffery Road. Sale time is 1:30 p. l.


Gatrell Places High Florida' s Favortre
On Duroc Breeding List
GAIRE11 DuRoc FARlS, Owlied and op
crated by Henry Gatrell and his Son, TT
1red, of Fairfield, was hono red this week
by the nation's Dtroc Swilie breeders "The Floridian" built especially
for Florida the best for Florida
Whl it Nvas disclosed that they have wear. just riglit amount roll to side of
plated third in their respective herd brim, popular 3 inch width . rigl > ,
]amount Beaver ft r to shed rain BOY'S
classification throughout the nation. STETSON TOO just like Dad's.
TFhe latest issue of the Dur11 ws, the kind every good cattleman knows
e land wants.
off tiaI organ of tle United Duro c Ree-
ord Asociation, discloses that the Gatrell For Dad 3 X Beaver Buckskin and
tlroc Jarmns registered a total of 126 Durable 4 X Beaver in Cream color e
Durocs during 1949. This places their $30.00. sizes: 6-3/4 to 7-5/8.
(ily seven pigs from the top of the list For Boys same colors at $7.50. Sizes: ^
il the classification of herds having from 6-3/8 to 7-1/8. Use coupon below and
seven to I sows. Other classifications order now for immediate delivery.
i which the top five places are an-
ioullced annually are herds having six BOYS . BOYS . BOYS THE BON AL I I i I t (I N I \E STETSON
sows and under and those havingr 15 Adams City Hatters. Tanpa, Fla.
sows and over. Alas send H es Fln
The Gatrells have for many years been Please send Men's Floridioan Stetson; Size .
Outstanding in D)uroc breeding ccon Color. at $. Boy's size.
plishmsents. The next big event in which Color. at $.
their show herd will be featured will be Color .
the swine slow at the Tamnpa State Fair. amess
M os of the swi e ree ers rec gniedAddress .
'\'ost tif thle swvine breeders recognhizedI
I tile Classification m entioned above w ere .-.---- ------- -------- ------- -------- ------.
froi the corn belt section of tl ae wi- vote: Postage paid on this end if cash, check or money
West and counltain Cove Farmt of Ken- order comes with order. C.O.D. charges added.
S1igton, Ga., was the only other breeder ADAMS CITY 11ATE 1L 620 Tampa Street, Tampa, Florida
il the South recognized. "Catering to Florida Cattlemen"

for January, 1950 25












lOuEOuSet

For Orlando
ANCWEAR
In February /

Results of Perry,

Okeechobee, Newberry

events are listed r

SUCCESSFUL RODEOS have been held in
Perry, Okeechobee and Newberry re-
cently, and annotlcement has been aiade
of a lourl-day event which may be the
largest ill IFlorida which is scheduled in
february during Orlando's Central Fl'ori-
da Exposition .
The Orlando event, which will be dir
ected by E. Pardee of Palatka, is billed
to be a fast-moving rodeo from start to
finish with some of the nation's top cow-
boys to compete. Pardee is a veteran
producer, both in Florida and in othe
states, as well -is a leading contestant.
Okeechobee's rodeo, produced by tuck
-, E -' Lee and James Hill November 11 an nien/der o btlr te O s coa
-- 1 13, resulted ill Pete Clemons of Kissini- a t the Rideeo sponsored yte sel
Boute Cooly Silver Spurs JRidllig Club ill con-
ALPERN & CHRISTENFELD, mNC. miee winning calf roping, Bobby Boulter on ilrSprRdngCu nc-
101 V. 21st St., N. Y.-1401 S. Broadway, L. A., Calif. of Tam pa bulldogging, Earl Walters of eion with Ihe lssimmbee Valley Live-
Peekskill, N. Y., bronc riding and Homer
Harris of Meridian, Miss., bull riding.
KERPREFABRICATED i rsd Novei- Oeechobee Finals
STERRE BIINGS Dher i9-2) produced by Pardee, were: ar- Calf Roping-Clenmons; Blacskstone; Glenn Nlurph;
STEEL BUILDINGS e Avon Park; Ralph Collier, Coleman, Tex.;
For The Farm dee (calf roping), Gary Hopkins of Kis- BulldggngBoulter; Fulton Davis, Okeechobee;
simmee (bareback bronc riding), Vick Morphy; Blackstone; I omer Harris, Okeechobee,
Fire Resistanit 9 T'latheriglit Parish (team roping), Pete and Floyd single, Okeechobee (tied for fifth);
Durable Strono Brons Riding-Walters; Jack Yale, Amarillo,
Baker of Kissimmee (bull riding), Spike Tex.; Asiton; Davis;
MANY USES Bronson of Kissimmee (bronc riding), Bull Riding-Harris; Pearlee Jones, Okeechobee;
Fruit-Vegetable Sheds 9 Barns e Imple- and Speedy Dinsmore of Takoma, Nebr. Howard Cronch, Okeechobee; Bronson;
ment Sheds i'arking Sheds e Tool (bulldogging). Perry Finals
Slhrds Sipi 'ngl Tlenninals
At Perry November 11-12, Jimmy Al- Bulldogging-Alder: Buck Lovier, Perry; Barthle;
GEO. L. MESKER STEEL CORP. der of Kissimmee won bulldogging, Bob Mills; Boulter; Barney Barnes, Perry;
(Since 1879) Bronr Riding-MNohawk; Cannion; Jack Spade,
EVANSVILLE 8, INDIANA Mohawk of Perry topped bronc riding, Perry; Frog Brumley, Perry;
Stanley Cannon of Perry won in bull Bull Riding-Cannon; Paul Stokes, Tampa;
riding, Albert Barthle of San Antonio Spade; Jake Russell, Perry;
Calf Roping-Barthle; Buddy Mefford, Kissimmee;
won calf roping and Glen McKinney of McKinney; Henry lee Reaves, Quitman, Ga.;
Okeechobee topped steer decorating. Ap- Steer Decorating-McKinney, iNills; Mefford;

Use COOPER'S proximately 6ooo attended the rodeo pro- Batile.
duced by T. J. Faircloth and W. F.
COOPER-TOX Faulkner. Brangus Association Is
Winners at the three rodeos, listed in Started in Oklahoma
A live stock dip or spray to order by events, were as folows:
eradicate and control all species AN AMERiCAN BRANGUs BTCeders' ASsoci'-
of lice and ticks, horn flies, mos- Newberry Finals tion has been formed at Vinita, Okla.,
quitoes, etc. on cattle, hogs, Calf Roping-Pardee (19.2 and 20 sec.); Bob to register aninials which are ,1/8 Brali-
Cobb, Silver Springs; Scotty Bagnell, Arlee, Mont.;
sheep, goats, horses, mules, etc. Blackstone; man ind 5/8 Aberdeen-Angns, according
One dipping or spraying kills all Bareback Bronc Riding-Hopkins; Paul Finnerty, to Bill Edwards, secretary.
species of insects, then gives X' OkIa B Ashton, Bunnell; 50 breeders comprise the charter men'
spce fiscs hngvs Broune Riding-Bronson; Bagnell; Clenons, Black- hes5o0ainstc hc ilh
protection against reinfestation stone; hers. Foundation stock which will be
for periods of three to four "lldogging-Dinsniore (7.5 and 7.4 sec.), Steve registered by the association, in addition
weeks. t oleacock, Idaho Falls, Ida.; Jack Kennedy, Kissim- to Brangus themselves, will be purebred
weksec; Iiackstone; oBagstemevs ilh
Team Roping-Blackstone (28.9 and 27.6 sec.); Brahmans, purebred Angus, q uarter
Obtainable from your local Hal Mills, Chiefland; Cobb; Clemons; bloods, half bloods and three-quarter
dealer Bull Riding-Baker; Kennedy; Billy I-land, Kis-
simmtee; Mickey MNicara, Calgrry, Alberta, Can. bloods.
W. 1). LAMOTTE, Distribulor
P. 0. Box 2164, TAMIA, FLA. 26 The Florida Cattleman











1950 Southeastern Regional




.I DUROC BRED GILT SALE
Livestock Auditorium

VALDOSTA, GEORGIA

TUESDAY, JANUARY 24 SHOW 10:00 a.m. SALE 1:00 p.m. (EST)

Featuring 40 BRED GILTS

: From Many of the South's Leading Herds

"QUALITY BRED GILTS ARE A SOUND INVESTMENT"
This is your opportunity to secure choice breeding stock of
proven bloodlines

For Your Catalog Write
Bo1ly Sapp showed this 1 I to Randnd
(hllin 13)-hr an (i he Hlillsboroiighi SS
Y0111I Show a Plantg t SUTHEASTERN DUIO C BREEDERS' ASS' N

CHAS. E. BELL, Secretary-Treasurer Extension Bldg., Athens, Ga.

Junior Shows

(C01ntinul tl fnn0111 pag(e(' 12)
wals gencrieal ia irmnia n, while Con Dty ai m
Agenllt Paul Hmian was secretary-treas- Delivery one to three days Cattle Auction Every Monday
Postpaid Auto Auction Every Wednesday
Winners, listed in order by classes or NO. 21-FOR NECK.Ao
evllnts sllcss otherwise noted, were as both nid-. Plated.$11.50
follows: NO. II-FO)P, HORNS. Ad- 21 H ls o o g ie tc
Plan, C -oe Auction Market
Dairy chamlipionships-Glenn NcRae, T NO. 3 .-DOU wLE PLATE NECK CHAIN. Upper 6811 Broadway-Ph. Y-1236-Rt. 8, Box 298
Thonto- portion strap. Lower portion chain0. $12.50 per doz.
sassa; Arltn WthIeringtoti, Plant City; Sample mailed for $1.00. Write for folder. Tampa, Florida
Sitnlte (ch1;amtpionship-Trkey Creek FFA Curpter; GOLDEN ARROW FARMS
Showmutatnship-W5rthrctingtont; flobl)v Sapp: Heath- Dept. CM, Box 7 Huntington, Indianar
ce; G(erald Rogers;
Cattle groomling-Edw'ard Fertic:
FFA beef judging-Brlandonl; Plant Citv; Wimial-
ma; Turkev Creek and Franklin Junior High For information about Cattle Auction Every Monday.
School of TtmIPa (tied for fourth); Hogs & Other Stock Every Friday.
FFIA daliry judging-Plant City-; Franklin Junior
High School; Turkey Creek; Brandon; ir U i 0 C S
4-H beef judging-Plant City Boys 4-4 Club; G A IN E SV ILLE
Write the Secretary
Jersey Heifers-llue ribbons, Anne Davidson (4- FLORIDA DUROC BREEDERS'
H) Auburndale. Bobby Hearn (4-H) Bartow, ASSOCIATION
homas lIoyd (4--) Eloise, Ionnie Pecrkle (4-H) Box 404, Ocala, Florida
\Nlstn Frank Foney(FFA) Fort Meadel, George
Evans (FFA) Fort Meade, Totm my Thornhbill (I- H)
Winter Hlavue, Robert O'Neill (4-H two entries)
Haines City, Patlt Tlhornhill (4-H) Dundee, Frank
Gutteridge (4-H) Auburndale, James Tlhornhill
(4-H1) Winter IHaven, Bartow FFA, Edwin Al- REDDYKILOWATTSAYS:
kinson (FFA) Kathleen, Ray Tucker (FFA) Bar- Any WayY
tow, lTtItmmy I Hutto (FFA) Bartow, Glen Carpen- "Any You
er (FFA) Bartow; Look at it.
.re Bulls-Illue ribbon. Lloyd Hlarris (FFA) SUNSHINE
Bartow SERSHINE
Grade Holstein Heifer-Blue ribbon, Isbon Tel- SERVICE
ton (4-H) Pierce; isthe
Grade Jersey Ileifers-Blue ribbons, Frank Den-
((ark (4--I) Medulla, Alvin Miller (FFA) Kath- BA
lCU", Gordon Ilennessy (4-HI) Comt bee, Harold In
Griffin 4-H) Auburndale; YOUR BUDGET!"
leef Steels tI) to 700 pounds-Blue ribbons,
ct h G;adner (4-11, grade Hereford) Lake Wales,
Bolt Mlilsey (4-H, Hereford) Lake Wales, Lillian
Congdon (4-H, Angus) Ftaines City, Niven Gard-
ner (4-H, Hereford) Lake Wales; Red ribbons,
Carroll Harris (-- Grade Ct;rrollais, tiwo et-
tries) Winter Haven; Frank Totney (FFA, grade
Angus) Fort Meade;
Beef Steers 700-900 pounds-Blue ribbons, Charles RX
and Eltotn C:ungdotn (4-H, Hereford, three entries)
Haines City, Darrell Austin (4-H1, Angus) Lake
Whales, Mallory Anderson (4-1H, Hereford) Pierce,
Luther Feagitn (FFA, Angus) Bartow; Red rib- FLhliD1 PO GiT COMM
bons, Pete Lucius (FFA, Angus) Bartow, Bartow
FFA Chapter (Angus); 827


for January, 1950 27









Beef steers over 900 pounds-Blue ribbons, *
Charles and Elton Congdon (4-H, Brahman, two
entries); Red ribbon, Charles and Elton Congdon -
(4-H, Angus);
Hereford bulls-Blue ribbon, Harold McTeer
(4-H) Haines City; Red ribbons, Chrystine Brown
(FFA) Bartow, Dwight Smith (4-H) Lake Wales;
Hereford hifers-Blue ribbons, Jack Henderson
PRODUCTS (FFA) Fort Meade, Niven Gardner (4-H) Lake
Wales; Red ribbon, John Gordon (FFA) Fort
Meade;
Brahma'n bulls-Carroll Harris, Bobby Griffin
(4-H) Bartow, Billy Stuart (FFA) Bartow, Mallory
Anderson (4-H) Pierce, Bobby Lee Moore (4-H)
-l ulberrv; Red ribbons, Charles Congdon (4- H)
H.aines City, Anderson, Billy Keen (4-I-) Lake
Wales, Bill Berrentine (FFA) Bartow;
Brahman heifers-Carroll Harris, Elton Cong-
don (4-H1) Haines City, Eugene Griffin, Jr. (FFA)
Bartow, Charles Congdon (4-H) Haines City,
Saimmny James (4-H) Bartow, Billy Stuart (FFA) can be
Bairtow: Red ribbons, Bobby Griffin, Otis Hines
(FFA) Bartow;
Grade Hereford beifer-Blue ribbon, Beth Gard-
ner (4-H) Lake Wales;
Grade Angus beifer-Red ribbon, Gibby Maltis
(41-H) Pierce;
Grade Brahman beifer-Red ribbon, Jintmy Ray
Moore (4-H) Mulberry; Many business men who travel
Grade Brahman bull-Bartow FFA Chapter; a lot have been known to oper-
Horsemanship-Joanne Kreps, Bartow; Niven ate their office by long distance
Gardner, Lake Wales; Becky Freeman, Bartow; telephone.
~- Tractor driving-Hoyt Page, Fort Meade; Atlee Service is always quick-de-
Davis, Bartow; Bobby Griffin, Bartow; Fred Hobbs, endable and surprisingly inex-
Kathleen; Harold Thompson, Dundee; pen
Showmanship-Forest Smith, Lake Wales; Ann pensive; especially on Sunday
Davidson, Auburndaele; Bobby Griffin, Bartow; and after 6 P. M.
CATTLE SQUEEZE Charles Congdon, Haines City; Frank Gutteridge, But whether it's business or
Auburndale; George Evans, Fort Meade; Luther pleasure, long distance tele-
Original patented triple action Feagin, Bartow; phone service is your quickest,
4-I- Beef Jtmdging-Harold McTeer, Haines City; inexpensive way to keep in
headgate, all steel construction Sanford Shields, Lake Wales; Wytnan Smith, Bar- touch with people.
tow; Billy Keen, Lake Wales;
-spring balanced tail gate- 4-H Dairy Judging-Frank Gulteridge, Auburn-
l adj ble. dale; Lionel Brenneman, Medulla; Louis McTeer,
completely ajustabe. Ilaines City; John Wetherington, Medulla; PENINSULAR
FFA Beef Judging-Billy Keen, Kathleen; Moi y
Fussell, Polk City; Billy Martin, Bartow; Jimmy TELEPHONE COMPA
Pollard, Fort Meade;
FFA Dairy Judging-Olan Cooley, Fort Mearde;
Ken Fisher, Kathleen; Edwin Adkins, Kathleen;
Ray Tucker, Bartow.
FLORIDA owned and operated.

Dam's Sire Important Supporters of Florida Cattlemen.
Poultrymen and Dairy Producers
As Calf's Sire-USDA!
LOVETT'S Food Stores
THE DAM'S SIRE appears to be equally as Operated by the
important as a calf's own sire, according WINN & LOVETT GROCERY CO.
to results on weight for age by the General Offices: JacksonvIlle
USDA at Beltsville, Md.
Report on the work included a refer-
CALF CHUTE ence to work being done with Brahman,
crosses at the USDA station at Brooks-
All steel construction, welded ville. Modern
together into one unit. Hind Aim of the program is to find breeds
legs securely held by means of and lines within bteeds which are best QUALITY TANKS
suited to a locality in terms of rapid
a fast operating rope ratchet. and uniform growth. Extremes of An Ideal Way to Feed
climate must be met by using types of Molasses
Distributed by animals either suited to a particular
location, by nature or by selective TANKS AND TROUGHS

N O RRIS adaptation. BUILT TO SPECIFICATION
Cross-breeding, the report says, is an
EQUIPMENT CO. integral part of the program, and in IMMEDIATE DELIVERY
Ocala Florida some instances this method has produced
animals better adapted to certain locali- Contact Us for Information
ties.
Write for Information.
THOMPSON & GILL ALTHOUGH THE cattle fencing law isn't MODERN
effective until next June, cattle owners Welding Company

INC. are already getting their animals off the ORLANDO, FLA.
roads, Governor Fuller Warren told
Madera, Calif. other southern governors at their confer- Box 2041 Phone 3-1182
ence in Biloxi, Miss., recently.


28 The Florida Cattleman









)VERGLADES FLOOD CONTROL PLAN
SCALL IN MILES
RPSJUST LOOK
at what the Army and Local Flood
Water Controls are doing for Smith
LAK Ranch.
ECHO BEE Our 7,500 acres are to be entirely
CANAL POINT surrounded by dykes with huge
PII pumps and controls to maintain the
water table in the canal at the
W T PALM SEACH proper level for agricultural pur-
7hese m1 helped( exc(utc the last poses.
Quincy Fat Cattle Show whose 1950 ver- And, the newly created water con-
sion is scheduled Yan nary 3o-February 1. j servation area to the North and
Left to right, men pictured are: L. H. I West will protect our farm lands
From cold northwest winds in the
Lewis of the State Marketing Bureau; winter as Lake Okeechobee pro-
C. WY. Thomas, 7r., past president of the tects Belle Glade farmers. We
sponsoring West Florida Livestock Asso- have what is probably the most val-
ciation; Dr. R. S. Glasscock of the Uni- uable winter farming area in all
versity of Florida, last year's judge; and South Florida.
F. S. Baker of the Nori Florida Experi- C o R LAUDERDALE
ment Station at Quincy. FADERDALE
PROrECTO/N AREA

Feb. 28-March 3 SMITH RANCH

Bates Set for SECTION AREA

Southeastern YOU CAN BUY
'R M/I of EVEROLADE ALL or HALF of this 7,500
/G Acre ranch the following
AT E '.S it r for Fbr Uary 28 tO i acl 'In addition to oil leases we have the largest acreage wl trade land for cattle;
, thus making the week of February 26- oa No. I lime and road rck in Brward Countybn we will keep half interest
Mac IHighway No. 27-a direct route to Lake Okeechobeeo.ewilfnnc 1
March 3 Southeastern Festival week, er year moltgae a 2
ata morrgcent Ineting
at a recent eetin g of the Southeastern Our neighbor on the North, Diamond W Ranch, with through your agent or to
Fat Stock Show and Sale committee, at his registered cross bred herds of Brahma, Hereford, emith Ranch 591, Ft.
Africanda and Santa Gertrudis- on cultivated pas- Luedl.Foia
Ocala recently. tures, has a ranch that is well worth seeing. Phone 6142
With the naming of these dates the var-
ious committees have put plans in mo- INVEST IN BEEF
tion to make this another banner at-
traction, according to General manager Before you buy a muck IpaStUI aNywhere, try fattening your cattle on our maiden
Dave Baillie. The event around which cane, para, sorghuni il niolasses. it is better to invest your money i quick-
.t .e growing, salable beef than to plow it under a long term isNestnient in pasture.
You cai insure your cattle but not your pasture. Send for Cooperative Beef
is the Tenth Annual Southeastern Fat Fattening Contract. Smith Ranch, Box 591, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. Phone: 6142.
Stock Show and Sale.
Premium list committee has completed
prize lists for this event and they will be Registered Devons
available at an early date. Some changes We have a few two-year old and yearling bulls for sale
have been made in the regulations, Bail- COTTONDALE FLORIDA
lie reports. u6evondale Farm W. W. Henley, Owner
This annual event has in recent years
become one of the most highly competi-
tive steer shows in the Southeast, Baillie
points out, and although the number of O
animals exhibited has declined recently
the quality of the exhibits has increased Charles and Elton Congdon, Haines City, on showing the
tremendously giving a good indication Grand Champion Steer at the 1949 Polk County Youth Fair.
of the rapid strides in the livestock prog-
ress.
The Southeastern Fat Stock Show and

by ti alo cal of r an tio director Peoples Savings Bank, Lakeland, for your support of the
y tE Eolling officers and directors: Fair, and your purchase of this steer at the Fair's top
W. E. Ellis, President; Landis Blitclh, price of $1.05 per pound.
Vice-President; Hlarold Goforth, Secre-prcof$.5 eroud
tar)'; es.De arold Gr ,ser This Hereford steer, weighing 1060 pounds at 19

.D B Levinlliod, Treasurer; Da- months, was raised on his mother, on pasture, without
tors: Carlyle Ausley; B. B. Beck; "Mank" creep feed until weaned and was never on a nurse cow.
Camp; L. K. Edwards, Jr.; Carl Hen- We are proud to have bred the Grand Champion again
dricks; R. G. Herrmann; Dwight Phil- this year.
lips; Carl Rose and Denzel Ray.

519,ooo FLORIDA 11OGS produced income T E C E K F R
ofi9Sooo ) l in~ 193 ouc income0 110MINOR S. JONES ll FORT MEADE, FLORIDA
uf S5,257,oou in 19j3o-btut (4o,oon hogs ~ OE I
produced S24,687,ooo in 1948.

for January, 1950 29









History Have You



S W I F T Of Pangola A Hobby?

AND COMPANY Reviewed Subscribe to the mg-

OCALA, FLA. by E. M. HODGES, Ona azine that caters to
Range Cattle Experiment Station your special interest
FROM A RIvER IN AFRICA to the paStures
of Florida-this is the story of Pangola.
Bu'yhe first printed record of this grass is
in. the United States Department of Ag- Year LIVESTOCK

CATTLE riculture, Inventory No. 123, issued if 2.00 Florida Cattleman
January, 1940. It shows that living 2.00 Southern Livestock journal
942.00 Arizona Stockman
plants of several grasses of the genus 1.00 American cattle Producer
A ND CA LVES Digitaria were bought by plant intro- 1.00 Paci fc e an
auction workers of the United States 0l0 led Hereford
1.0Gulf Coast Cattleman
from Dr. I. B. Pole Evans, of the De- 2.00 Hog Breeder
2.00 Western Livestock Reporter, w.
partment of Agriculture, Pretoria, South 1.00 Chester white (hog) world
Buyers Africa. One of this lot of grasses came
from the Pangola River area. RABBITS
Art Timerman, Phone 84 or 797, The plants which were purchased from 00 American Angora Rabbit Magazine
Ocala1.00 The Rabbit Raiser, m.
Ocala Dr. Pole Evans were received in Washing- 1.00 Angora Rabbit News
1.00 California Rabbit Magazine
John Carlton, Phone 33095, Lakeland I). C. on May 17, 1935 by Mr. H. 1.00 Small Stock (rabbits only)
N. Vinall of the Department of Agricul- 1.00 American Rabbit Journal
Don Stiens, Phone 84 or 388 Green, ture and planted. in a green house. A
Ocala year later plants of these different grasses, 3.00 Modern Game Breeding peas.
James McNeal, Phone 84, Ocala 25 in number, were shipped to Mr. Geo. 2.00 Canary Journal
2.00 Black Fox Mag., fox, mink
E. Ritchey, Agronomist, at GaiesvilLe, 4.50 Tailwagger, m. (dogs)
Florida and set out there on April 10,
1936. One of them, given the U. S. BEE MAGAZINES
plant introduction number 111,11t, was 2.00 Gleanings in Bee Culture, m.
2.00 American Bee Journal
found to have characteristics which 2
suited it for forage production under DAIRYING
Florida conditions. Dr. J. R. Swallen 1.00 Dairy Farmers' Digest
of the Smithsonian Institute identified FARMING
The bloodlines of champions it as Digilaria des-unibens, a close rela- 2.00 Farmers Digest
tive of common Crab grass anld Blanket 2.00 sheep Breeder
CONNELL STOCK FARM grass. It was tried in many places in
this state before being released for pu- POULTRY
INVERNESS FLORIDA lic use and has now been found to be well 1.00 Poultry Billboard
adapted throughout peninsular Florida.
First known in Florida as Digit grass FRUIT
and Digitaria, this variety is now called 1.00 Eastern Fruit Grower
Pangola.

G O O D The same year as the introduction. of HORSES
Pangola, Mr. Ritchey received a closely 5.00 The Horse (bi-monthly)
related grass called Kurumian. This breeding, schooling, training,
P ElA N U T
grass, also from South Africa, is blue- 5.00 Rider & Driver, M., horses,
sport, pleasure
green in color as compared to the dark- 2.00 Eastern Breeder, in.
green Of PIangola and has a more woody
stem. It is being grazed at present on All magazines are monthlies except
__a limited acreage at Brooksville but Mr. where otherwise noted. Prices are
for one full year. Satisfaction is
$ 15.0 0 Ritchey reports that it does not compare guaranteed. All orders are handled
in value to Pangola. promptly and acknowledged. Rush
Per Tino Other plant relatives of Pangola that your subscription today. Remit in
any way convenient to you. Send
have been tried in Florida were includ- for free catalog-hundreds more!
Contact ed among seeds sent from South Africa Sample copies at single copy prices.
by General Smuts to President Roose-
P. J. NORFLEET velt. These were handled by the U.S.
Department of Agriculture and sent to
PhOne 2761 Mr. Ritchey in 1942. They produced
Newberry Florida nothing of value for Florida conditions. MAGAZINE MART
Alachua County Briefly, the record shows that living Dept. FC, Plant City, Florida
plants were collected near the Pangola
River in South Africa and shipped to

30 The Florida Cattleman








Washington, D. C. in 1935. A year la- Wu -"_
ter ten plants of this and other intro-
ON Ak "
ductions were sent to Florida for test-
ing. The Pangola River variety proved
to be the best of the lot and from t e'
to plants in 1936 have come thousands 41&
of acres of Pangola pasture now produc-
ing feed for Florida cattle.


Bull Sold for

$65,000 at Noe

Dispersal Sale

SIx 1rA s and one bull from the Noe
Farmi herd which dispersed for a S1714
aVeragec ()n 152 lots November 11-12 are
DOW gra1lzing on Florida pastures. Florida
s ilo-low
huvrsatth evnt wic sw a new
word'srecrd ullprie etabished, in-
chided Iiunan Weeks, Pahokec, who pur-
hased two females, Minor S. Jones, Ft.
Meade, buyer of two females, A. E. Baca Royal Domino 21st 4393887
Melton, Gainesville, who bought a ])till
and female, and J. L. Jackson, Gaines-
ville, who purchased one female.
Weeks bought two daughters of Noe's HEG.
Larry Domino 6th, a grandson of Larry
Domino 50t, for a total of S1375-
Melton bought Noe's Baca Duke 1o2d, a + +i horned Herefords is ois the way
hull sired by Baca R. Domino 33rd and +cand Iy se time yon read this the
out of a Jayhawker cow Miss J. 36th, +'atthe will be at the ranch situated
for Ss5o. This btill is close in breeding on the old townsite of Holopaw.
to Baca Dnke 2(1 who set the new S6,ono In the group are 85 head including
record price, both being sired by the sons and daughters of Baca Royal
33rd and hoth having dlas sired by Domino 21st (above) and our herd
Jayhawker Domino. \lelton's female sire New Baca Royal Domino 23rd
pircdase of S875 was an extra lot not (left). We hope to have our show
catalogued. herd represented at the spring
Jones purchases included WOC Jay- shows and we invite your inspection
hawker Miss 6th, a daughter of Jay- Nerv Baca Royal Domino 23rd of the cattle at any time.
hawker Domino, for S165o and Lady
Chief Domino ist, by Chief Domino, for
$1300. Jackson )aid $1525 for Noe's
Lady Larryet 36th, a datighter of MWV
Larry >omno 32nd ,b red to Baca R. W J RANCII
Domino 33rd.

Visitors See 'Pay Dirt' W. J. NEWMAN, Owner Holopaw, Fla.

Two nAYs of tours showed 3oo visitors
from all parts of the United States the
"Pay Dirt" area south and cast of Lake
Okeechobee under sponsorship of the CIRCLE LP RANCH One of the South's best
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. (Loncala Phosphate Co.) herds of Purebred Herefords
Starting from the Clewiston Inn Clark, Florida SAM KELLY, President
November 15, the group saw the U. S. 4 miles south of High springs on U. S. 41
Sugar Corporation's Ritta Plantation
and the sugar house, following with a
tour of Sugarland Ranch during the
afternoon, as well as the Ward Farm,
Shawnee Farms, and Charles Miner 10 Registered Polled
Farm. BULLS B. B. Saunders, Jr.
Between 6 and 7 nionths old Farm located at
CLEMSON COLLEGE advises a cOntinuOuS O'BRIEN FLORIDA
watch for screwworms-with daily checks GOUL ANCH South of Live Oak near U. S. 129
wherever possible. A generation may be Phone 520 White Dade City, Fla.
produced in as little as 17 days.

/Or January, 1950 31










Col. Holly Robson

Auctioneer

















I sell special sales, automobiles,
land or livestock, purebred sales,
Fat Stock Shows, etc.

Automobiles sold every Thurs- Charles Congdon of Haines City, second from right, exhibited this stecr to gland
day at Orlando champion at the Polk County Fair in Bartow early in December. Photograph was
taken as L. H. Lewis of the State Marketing Bureau, left, and A. R. Cox, of the
20 years experience Florida Association, Future Farmers of America, right, deuionsrate proper grooming
of show animals.

Phone 7349
ORLANDO, FLORIDA Ocala, Tampa Considered

For 1950 Hereford Sale

TI 11-RE WILL in: A Florida Hereford Ocala since its iti(ception in 1947.
REGISTERED BRAHMANS Show and Sale in lel'brutarV-blt tihe place ShoU!d the show and sale be held there
and and date haven't been delfiiiitelv set as ag:in this year, it is likely that judging
POLLED HEREFORDS vet, according to T. Noble Brown of will be conducted oni February 16 and
Webster, president of the sponsoring jun-ior judging (ontests held the samC
Crane Creek Ranch Florida Hereford Association. day. That evening, if past schedules are
Seven Miles west of Originally announced lor' Ocala Feb- ally indic tion, the annual meeting of
STUART, FLORIDA muary 16-17, there is a possibility that the Hereford Association will be hkcl.
tle sale will be held in eon section with witi election of officers a prim ary order
the Florida State Fair beef cattle show of business. 'I'he sale will begin at 1:00
February 6-11, Brown rel)orted. p. n. on February 17.
""We wish we out1ld make a definite 1f the event is held in Tampa, sho-
anntouncemntt :it this time,'' Brown said. itl'- Will be (otsILtcted along with other
ROSEME RE ---- --nu -
"But our plans are so fluid right now we breeds, and the sale will be held either
aren't able to." on Thursday, February 9, or on Satur-
F-Move to hold the fourth annual show lay, Febrtary 11.
POLLED HEREFORD CATTLE and sale to Tanmpa stems from the asso- Cattle for the sale haven't yet beenl
cti:ticn's desire to hold its shows in vari- selected, but Brown said many breeders
Breeding stock for sale ous parts of the state in. order to make have been grooming animals througmet
at all times the acquisition of registered stock more 1919 for the 1950 sale, as well as for the
convenient for buyers in various areas, show. More than 100 registered Here-
Largest Thoroughbred Breeding Brown reported. fords will be shown this year, and about
Farm in Florida ''We have always thouIght that our 35 sold, at this year's show and sale.
Hereford shows and sales should be alter- The 1949 event consisted of two sepA-
ELMER HEUBECK, JR., nated from one section of the state to rate sales, one cossposed of lserd replarc-
Manager another year to year," lse said. "Tatlmpa's ment and foundation stock and the other
RFD 1 Ocala, Florida new facilities, including a modern auc- of range bulls. Average on the hligh-
tion ring, would be as satisfactory as quality breeding stock was S536, while
CARL G. ROSE, Owner Ocala's Southeastern Pavilion, for our the range bulls, many of -which Were not
P. 0. Box 842 Ocala, Florida show and sale, and it may be that we halter-broken, averaged S271.
will make arrangements to hold it there "We believe that the 1950 sale,
Phone 262 or 553 this year." wherever it is held, will include the
The Hereford event has been held in best and most representative offering ever

32 The Florida Cattleman








consigned to a Florida Hereford event,
Brown said. He added that no decision
has vet been made as to whether there
will be a sale of range bulls separately

During the past four years the Florida U A IN IN G
Ferelord Association has sponsored fivc
successful sales. In addition to the three
annu1tal sales at Ocala, two range hulls I O U A I Y I
sales have been held in Kissinunee in
April. Because of their rustling ability, Herefords have found favor
officers of the group, in addIlition to with Florida cattlemen whose pastures are scanty. Not only
Brown, are Ed Watson of Inverness, vice do they thrive under adverse conditions, but they also respond
pjresident, andl Msiss Jeannine Brown of readily to a favorable environment.
Webster. secretary-treasurer. Directors
indliitle John Knope of Ocala, W. F. Contributing to the Hereford rise in popularity is the pre-
Snedl of Alachuna, and A. E. Melton of potency, vigor and activity of Hereford bulls. They are very
Gainesville. sure breeders.

If you want to learn more about how Herefords can help
iuestein Does Well in you, contact this association or any of its members.
King R~ancha Pastures
KING RANCH bluestern grass-a native of
India-is found to do well almost every-
where in the southwest. the ranch re- REMEMBER THIS ABOUT HEREFORDS!
ports. It has been grown successfully Herefords are able to take care of themselves on poor
from the Gulf Coast to Northern Okla- pasture, and they also possess the ability to gain weight
homa and from the io-inch rain belt to efficiently on feed.
the 100 inch rain belt. You can expect 1oo percent of your calves to have
According to the report, the grass white faces if they are sired by Hereford bulls.
seeds through late Spring, early Summer, Hereford bulls will go out on your pasture, produce a
and Fall, and germinates readily with- bigger calf crop, and put more beef on the carcass where
out covering. It grows equally well on the high-priced cuts are.
acid or alkali soil.


Simoak Pioneered in
Volusia Pasture Work FLORIDA HEREFORD
MODERN METIIODS of pasture improve-
ment and lierd management are paying 'g
off for Elliott B. Smoak of Tomoka in A I
Volusia County,, who reports that sin-ce
he introduced modern methods into his T. Noble Brown, president WEBSTER, FLORIDA
area in 1945, other cattlemen in Flagler
and Northern Volusia counties are fol-
lowing his lead.
Simoak owns 2o,ooo acres, part of Advertise Consistently
which has been improved using such
equipment as a 19 ton chopper, a bull-
(lozer, and similar machinery.

REGISTERED POLLED AND
Florida Milk Figure IEREFORDS HORNED HEREFORDS
FLORIDA'S 1100 DAIRYMEN, with some
help from 150,000 dairy cows, produced DOUBLE L RANCH MELTON
75,000,000 gallons of milk during 1948- HEREFORD RANCH
seven percent more than in 1947. A IRIDA P. 0. Box 124
Consumption within the state exceeded PLANT CITY Gainesville, Florida
production by a million gallons which
was imported-however the importation --
was 47 percent less than in 1947. More
than 20,000 persons are employed in POLLED HEREFORDS Registered Hereford Cattle
production, processing and distribution Polled and Horned
of dairy products in Florida today. Santa Fe River MIDYETTE

BLACK LEG has broken out in Martin Ranch HEREFORD FARM
County recently, with loss of 20 to 25 5 Miles East of Tallahassee, Highway No. 90
cattle, according to Dr. J. N. Thomas, A. D. & Snead Davis, Owners W. F. Snead, Mgr. Quality Cattle, Grass and
Fort Pierce veterinarian. Vaccination is ALACHUA (Alachua Co.) FLA. Clover Seed
the only known preventative.

for January, 1950 33












Announcing .E C S I SMonthly Report Showing Status of Tick Eradication
AMERICA'S FINEST State of Florida, Novem ber, 1949
CATTLE CHUTE Dipped -Quarantined Herds--
or Inspected-, Amount Held for Not
Mules, of Systematic Systematically
Cattle- Horses -Infestation- ---Vork, Treated-,
County Herds Head Head Herds Head Herds Head Herds Head Inspector

Systematic Work
1:11 1-4273 336 0 0 106 11241 0 M M. D. Tindall-
putin(Pt) 104 10(6il 200 0 0 63 3473 0 0 M1. D. Tindall.
Stjohns(Part) 53 2026 111 I 1 35 1823 0 0 Nf. 1). Tindall-
Voulsia 377 22895 594 2 11 385 23000 0 0 11. L. Bales
7oal 677 13260 124 3 12 589 39537 0 0

Final Work
Aih :Ml 5108 134 0 0 23 1947 0 0 Carl Langford*
Bri yard 63 :3022 1(67 0 (1 47 2010 0 0 R. Hl. Tabb
C-a 2 159 0 0 0 0 I 0 0 N. D. Tindall.
Collier 3 44 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb*
Columbia 9(6 255 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carl Langford*
Dade 281 2446 28 (1 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
DeSoto 187 19-192 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
The Portable Cattle Chute Mfg. Co. has lead D1IIal 185 1(173 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carl Langford*
the way for eleven years in making "Americas IESiaibia 1(63 ((4 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 Donnie Brock-
Finest" cattle chute. T*his year we offer you mori G Ilsdeni 1N1 485 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Donnie Brock*
for your money than you can possibly get else- Gilcrist 1 50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carl Langfordt
where. Glades 29 7080 74 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
To meet your specific needs we make two lIamiilton 82 2,30 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carl Langford"
sizes: -lardec 251 2989 63 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
Model 50A is the All Purpose Chute for Here- Ilighlands (6 121 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
fords, Angus, and Shorthorns I-lillsborough 636 5038 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 J. C. jeter
Model 50B is the Special C:hute for Brahman, Indian Riser I 142 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
Sa'nta Gertrudis, Charollais, Beefmaster, and Iacksoi (154 41((1 113 0 0 94 90(1 0 0 Donnie Brock*
Brahman Crosses. ako 651 40 13 0 0 9 90 0 0DnieBc*
Write us for information about our New 1959 1ie 3rs 2 27 0 0 34 1710 0 0 C.rl Lgford*
Models before you buy and indicate the size yoLak Ilu 1455 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 V. H. Bae
desire. Lee 10 1436 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
tfadison 376 1908 310 0 0 88 513 0 0 Carl Langford*
PORTABLE CATTLE Marion 115 1096 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carl Langford*
Martin 2 368 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
CHUTE MFG. CO. Na-ssau 7 325 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carl Langford*
616 A. Uvalde St. keechobee 80 23(13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
0 rage 118 12084 209 0 0 57 6646 0 0 R. H. Tabb
CRYSTAL CITY TEXAS Osceola 37(i 9283 66 0 0 33 8557 0 0 R. H. Tabb
l'aln Beach 98 463 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
Pasco 2 78 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 J. C. Jeter
Polk 84 578 80 0 0 0 0 0 0 J. C. Jeter
Santa Rosa 156 531 2 0 0 1 9 0 0 Donnie Brock*
Seven registered iwo-Near old Hereford Bulls, Seminole 3 69 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R. H. Tabb
and sonie yearling hulls for sale Suniter 257 1289 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carl Langford*
Suwannee 2(65 8(i2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carl Langford*
RIGGS Walton 134 423 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 Donnie Brock'
HEREFORD RANCH Washinto 3 (34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Donnie Brck*
Total 5532 718(i3 1330 0 0 377 22302 0 0
I. W. Riggs, Jr., Owner Grand
D. L. Elison, Mgr. Total (1209 115123 2571 3 12 966 61839 0 0
RFI3 3, BOX 81 OCALA, FLA.
Cattle on premises where no fever ticks have been found, quarantined, due to movement of cattle
Ranch located seen miles west on Florida from infested herds, Volusia County are on 28-day inspections.
50(1-U.S. 27
__ __ __ __ 27* State Inspectors. Florida
December 8, 1949 T. I. Applewhite, Inspector in Charge



CATTLE AND Clark Named New Agent Cattle Co.-breeders of registered Brah-

PASTURE LAND By Sarasota County mans-by The Cattleman Press at
Kissimmee.
FOR SALE KENNETIi A. C LARK, Sumter County Folder, in orange and black, features

No. 1-7,000 Acres ill One Parcel . all with Agent for the past three years, has as- the show record made by Norris in
osstunl remv .omepine tferd bad sumed duties as county agent in Sarasota five years of shows, advantages of cross-
young and sawmill size . 2%( miles County. His successor in Sumter is 0. breeding, uniformity of Norris calves,
frontage on two lakes . high-line power
. an excellent opportunity for someone M. Maines of Citrus County. and mentions Quarter Horses. Money-

rFoada t o caals n catl bufacris sn" Clark has been active in livestock work maker and Dandelion's Paula, grand
ditches have been constructed over virtually in Sumter County, having played a lead- champion bull and reserve champion
all of this land . $35 per acre does no"
include livestock, but arrangements can be ing part in the Sumter All-Florida cow respectively at the 1949 Ocala
made to stock this acreage if purchaser
desires. Breeders' Show held annually at Webster. Brahman Show are also featured.
No. 2-1,000 ACRES on hard road with electri- He is expected to continue his work
city at and . five miles fcon Kissim inee with beef cattle, as well as with general A BROKEN-IIEARTED Brahman bull died in
timber . $25 per acre wit hout livestock. farming, in Sarasota. the Nevada desert because lie wouldn't

leave his dead mate-victim of a Union
Contact Norris Publishes Six- Pacific Railroad train.


G. H. PRATHER Page Descriptive Folder The bull ign-ored hay thrown to him
by train crews for two weeks until he
KISSIMMEE FLORIDA A SIX-PAGE FOLDER for prospective buyers starved to death. Railroad hands then
has recently been printed by Norris buried the pair side by side.

34 The Florida Cattleman










SANTA GERTUDIS horthorns For Better Beef

Good Red Florida raised Average$329 For
BULLS At Moultrie POUNDSGRADE

Come make your selection A SON OF THE S63,ooo Perth Shorthorn
WALKING HORSES diam0pion, Pittodrie Upright, was sold GROW BETTER GRASS
to A. Y. Carlton, Sarasota, at the South-

Stud Service and Sales eastern Shorthorn sale in. Moultrie, Ga. Use time tested
dUring mid-November. The bull, Circle
Registered Paloinuo Walking .n ,
Horses tot). I Uprght 4th, was consigned by Circle "FFF" BRANDS
\ Ranch, Salisbury, N. C. and sold for
S8oo top price in the auction which saw
PANULET,A FARMS 56 head average S329.
ARTHUR PANCOAST, Owner Another Florida buyer, R. L. Price of
6 topes Pasture Grass cuttings Graceville, bought ATisty Vale Private, a
grandson of the International champion,
10 smiles north of \ liamii, 2t mile wes r,-f)
S. I t NIx ii7,.e. Oakwood Merry King, from John, S. F
I hune N )r II I) Jenkins, Elberton, Ga. Other Florida
purchasers included I. P. Barlow, Wau-
cliula, who botight one bull antd one
fkmal, B. C. White, Jasper, who pur-
MIRROR LAKE FARM thased a bull and a female, John Kelly,
F. R. & L. 1P. Schell, Owners Arcadia, who took home a bull and a
BREEDERS OF FLORIDA TYPE female, and P. C. White, Graceland,
SHORTHORN CATTLE p
BULLS OF SERVICEABLE AGE utlrchiser of one female. F EloridC
NOW FOR SALE Consignors to the event from Florida
R. G. Hleine, Lessee ~ were John Duan-e, Ocala. Dr. D. W.
RFD No. 1 Dade City, Fla. Griffin, Chipley, FT. S. Hull. Ocala, F. R.
k L. P. Sciell, Tampa, and L. F. Turner. LAKELAND, FLORIDA
DeFuniak Springs.

KENCAROL FARM Griffin President of
Registered Polled Herefords and New Shorthorn Group
Registered Hampshire Swine DR. D. W. GRIFFIN, Chiplev Shorthorn
J. DILLARD WORKMAN, M.D., Owner breeder, was named president of the Featuring the get of Seco's Pilot and
LIVE OAK FLORIDA newly-formied Southeastern Shorthorn Thicktype an Lobilt
association during a business meeting T. W. CANNON & SON
Phone 387 which precede([ the group's November LIVE OAK FLORIDA
sale in Moultrie, Ga. John Duane, Registered Durocs of All Ages
Ocala. was naied as a director in the
.,roup, and Bob Heine, Dade City, serves
+ Advertise + i r n Florida.
A dver ise! 'IThe new association incorporates activ-
it carried on formerly by the South- ATH EN S
eastern Polled Shorthorn group, making HEAVY DUTY PLOWING
wy fohr a polled and horned association
to proi ote the breed in. the Southeast. ARR OW S
for pasture land preparation
For Information ontSecuring Florida China- are now available in limited numbers
tzdSotoncnatnyoeof the Lakeland Market Started aenwaalbei iie ubr
folw gBreedrs:
A New LIVEsTIOCK auction market will CALDI ELL
BEARDSLEY FARMS open March I near Lakeland, according CH OPPER S
Clewiston, Florida to Jin Robertson, former co-owner of T at h m ie v

MIRROR LAKE FARMS the Hardee County Livestock Market at Thsal abre e pastures tha han ve proved
R. G. Heine Dade City, Florida W Iuchula. ment in Florida. For further information
Robertson will be in partnership with write or call us.
HILAND ACRE FARMS Harry McCollun, Jr., on the new ven- SOUTH FLORIDA
John I'. Duane Ocala, Florida ture. Sales will be hield weekly at the MOTOR COMPANY

PINE ACRE FARMS arena which will be located on an eight MO tor
Dr. D. W. Griffin Chipley, Florida aicre tract between Lakeland and Auburn- Distributor
dale on U. S. 92. Dealer for International Harvester company
ORANGEWOOD STOCK FARM Motor Trucks, Tractractors, Wheel-tyPe
New market will be modern in every Tractors, Power Units and complete line of
C.1 Rodberg Orlando, Florida detail, according to Robertson, with dial ranch and grove equipment.
scales, visible from the entire arena, used SEBRING FLORIDA
to weigh the animals into the sale ring.

for January, 1950 35









*Fort Hamer
Bulldozer and Buy Sire

Dragline Work Fro. Hair
From Hair

A SON OF A S10,000 AbCrdeCe-Angus bull ABERDEEN-ANGUS
is now in Florida s part of the AV. S. Ish- "TotnorToics Beef
erwood Fort Hamer Ranch herd near Cattle Today"
Bradenton An Angus bull will dehorn 95% of
The animal is Ha0r's 1ic1 -11h, son your calves every year. Florida's
of Hair's Mickey, the Sio,ooo bull owned increasing importance as a producer
by Hair Farmis at Summerville, Ga. of feeder steers means that the
."We're glad to be etl~til- this kind of rancher who uses these black de-
g b b horners will receive premium prices
breeding," Isherwood declared. "Hai's for his stock.
Mickey 2-l1lt is of the Chieftain Erica
family, a grandson of General Blackcap FLORIDA
of Lonjac and a oreat-grandson of Gen- ABERDEEN-ANGUS
clearing and water eral 6th of Page." BREEDERS' ASSOCIATION
Pasture 'Purchase by us of this type of breed- Mrs. Lawson P. Kise, Secretary
control done promptly and ing should be an encouragement to Flor- Valrico, Florida
efficiently with new equip- ida cattle raisers in their pasture im-
ment. provement program," Isherwood added.
"There is no doubt that good pastures Registered
are needed to support this stock-but Aberdeen-Angus
Lamar Beaucham p good pastures are worth having when Cattle
you are raising the type of beef a good
PHONE 26-933 bull can give you.

BOX 1486 RANCH

Winter Haven Florida Frm UniersBty Herl CALLAHAN FLORIDA
Front University Herd

TIlE TWO-YEAR-OLD bull, Florida Magic
Master lth, has been purchased from the
University of Florida, Gainesville, by W. Registered AberdeenAngus Cattle
Registered Aberdeen-Angus 11. McSpadden of Memphis, southeastern
representative of the American Aberdeen-
FT. HAMER RANCH Angus Association, for use as herd sire MR. AND MRS. LAWSON P. KISER,

Bradenton, Fla. at his White Oak Springs Farm, Chil- Owners
howie, Va. Phone Tampa 58-1211
n lcaed east from Braden on 1 miles Dr. R. S. Glasscock, animal husband- VALRICO FLORIDA
shell road, then right 2000 ft. nai at the University, also reports that
W. N Burnside of Tampa has recently
purchased an Aberdeen-Angus bull calf,
Blackcap Eric of U. of F., from the Uni-
+ A d vertise + vety, and 1-1 F. Wig~gins, Jr., of Live N ntDR ch n.
A v, ras ought ian outstanding Angus Simonton Ranch, Inc.
steer calf which will be shown at the Regitered Aberieen-Atgu Cattle
Southeastern Fat Stock Show in Ocala in

THE TREND IS 1951. Micanopy Hoida

TOWARD ANGUS Sinclairs Sell Seven
Cows to U. R. Parker -_____________
Demand for Angus cattle contin-
ues at strong, but sound levels. SALE OF SEVEN registered Aberdeen-An us
Everywhere the trend is toward the females has been reported by a Flori Al
Blacks. Bred for generations for breeder to the American Aberdeen-n A d e ti e
the single purpose of producing top
quality beef quickly and econom- gus Association.
ically, Angus are today's modern The association writes that seven cows
beef breed. Share in this premium have been purchased by U. R. Parker of
market by breeding and feeding Live Oak from Robert R. and Ruth Sin-
Aberdeen-Angus. clair of Gainesville. Perdido Ranch
Write for free descriptive literature:
D epartm ent FC, U NITED STATES Fish and W ildlife Service P. 0 b ox 666
will permit limited grazing in part of the P. 0. Box 666
t eo St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge in Pensacola, Florida
. oboAows BEEF car Tooa,- Wakulla County, according to Refuge BROWN AND CRAWFORD RAINWATER
iigu B e eder .- Manager Paul T. Kreager.

36 The Florida Cattleman











Annual Index Florida Cattleman 1949

A EtiTORtALS Land Taxation is Problem (Ed) p 6 Nov
ABBA Has Record of Efficiency.p 8-11 Jan Allied Industries Aid Stockmen.p 22 Sep Over 600 in Vocational Agricouture. .1p 56 No%
Alerdeen-Angus- Best Wishes to our New Goertinor .p 1 6 jan 700 Active 4-H Cillbs.p 34 Nov
Advises Care in Selecting.p 29 Jan Budget Board Deserves Praise Jul Twice Weekly Sales at Market. p 38 No-
Calves at Gainesville.p 6-11 Nov CattlCmiiinS FeCting Bill Should Please.p 6 May Youth Fair Dec 1-3.) 22 Nov
Director Apr DO Your Part, Participate.p 6 Nov HISTORY
Doing IVell for Lykes.p 43 Aug Elections Cotning Up Next April .p 50 Dec Cattle Numbers Increase in Decade. p 10-11 Dec
Gainesville Sale.p 29 Aug; p 6-11 Nov Flood Control is a Little Closer .p 6 Oct De Leon Founded Fla. Cattle.1 114-1 Dec
(;ood in South Florida.p 20 Apr Florida 13tl; Per Head Value Low .p 6 Apr FSCA Thrives on Adersity.p 14-Il Dec
Herds Increase.p 18 Apr Foot aidl Mouth Danger to Florid.p 6 Feb Purebreds Growing in Number.p 3-11 Dec
Herds Near Qincy.P 2(0 Oct 4-H Camtp is Large Undertaking .p 22 Sep HonGs. E. M.; KiRK, W. G.: JONES, D. W.
Sumter Sale November 4, p 26 Jill; p 40 Oct; p Future Augturs Well for Cattle in Fla.1 50 Dec Citrus Feeding Tests Continued.p 30 Nov
2-l1 Nov; p 47 Dec Hospitality with Eye for Business .p 50 Dec Citrus, Cottonseed Meal.p 46 Aug
ALEN, GEoRGE E. Land Taxation is Hillsboro Problem .P 6 Nov Hotns Still Cost State Cattle Deal.p 20 Sep
Iltcomttc Tax Probleis-Pasture.p 16B Dec Land Taxes are Danger.p 6 Oct Os ergrazing Danger to Florida Herds .p 44 jun
Allied industries Aid.p 22 Sept Lee Bank Prints Summary of Farming.1 6 Jill Hurrica'ne Cattle Loss Heary.p 16 Oct
AMERICAN NAtiONAt. LIVEsITOCK AssoCIATION Lee County Making Rapid Progress p 6 May HUSANDRY
Catload to North Platte.p 35 Jan Market Prices Good for Florida' Cattle. .P 6 Nia Onta Field Day Nor. ii.p 31 Nov
Florida Plans F-ntertainment.p 5-11 Dec National Group Should Accept Offer.p 6 fai Uniersity Students See Cattle Herds.-p 18 Jul
special Issue-Welcomie to Am Natl .Dec New Research Problem at Gainesville.p i 1Feb Worms Give Anemia ( Thomas).p 20 Aug
Western Problems (Sinclair).p 22 Oct 76 Percent are Fenced.p 6 Jill
Aniial Diseases.p 47 Nov Siall Cattle Shows Taking I imelight p 6 Oct
Ara-bians Basis for Breeds.p 33 May This is Our Largest Issue.p 6 Jan Incotie Tax Problems (Allen).p 16-B Nov
Atlanta Sale.p 46 Dec Three Reasons to Go to NIiani.p 50 Dec Irish Potatoes and Supplement.p 8 Nity
Turner is Levy President.p 6 Jul
B Electricity on the Fartt Extended.p 8 Jun
Bang's Calfhood Vaccination.p 34 Feb Emperor Jr. Visits Elsie the Cow.p 59 Mar jarnagin (Centennial).1) 48 Nov
Belle Glade Bull Thrives in Ohio p 46-11 Jan Jersey Sale Nov. 18 p 36 Nor
Belle Glade Ponders Auction.p 22 Sept F OgSOg, BgRON B-
BENNETT. R. iV. Feed Industry Gets Taipa Elevator.p 28 Nor Norris Cattle Hsclin)kt tie o angola. p 39 Seti
Citrus for Winter Feed.p 21 Jan FFrINC JONES, I). X'. (see Hodges)
Booger Red Top Winner in Orlando.p 28 Jul Cattlemen Should Use More Citrus 28 Jan josi C N. R.
S- Intd ian Cattle Putit in Six Classes .p 51i Nov
Booger Red Wins Orlando Race Meet.p 45 Dec Citrus, Cottonseed Meat (Kirk et al) .p 46 Aug
Boyles, Laflin, Chamips at Live Oak p 22 Dec Citrus Feeding Tests Cont'd (Kirk et til) p 30 Nov K
Brahmian- Fenton Feeders Built at Arcadia.p 33 Nov Kenmiore Owned by Gardner. 13 Fel
Directory J;rn Irish Potatoes (Cunha et ail).p 8 NMay KIRK, W. G. (See Hodges)
Authority Tells of Wheat Growers. p 4-11 Jan Iack of Salt (Cunlia et al) .p 20 Feb Kiser B (lieves Future Good.p 0 Apr
Average $448 at Winter Haven.p 46 Mar Linseed Meal Needed (CutIha et il). p 30 Jtll Kissimmee iMarket Grows.p 36 May
Average S442 at liauchula.p 40 Apr Molasses, Corn, Imtproving Fla Beef.p 8-11 Dec
Wauchula Sale S351.p 32 Aug Molasses Fed with Ping Pong Ball.p 27 Dec L
By Air to California .p 38 Jun New Hav Drving Process at Connell.p 52 Oct Laflin, Boyles, Win at Live Oak.p 22 Dec
To Texas from Norris Cattle Co.p 58 May $7000 Profit With Citrus Feed.p 42 NIar Land Taxes are Danger (Ed).p 6 Oct
Sale, Barbecue. Wauchula Plans.p 32 Feb Silage for Winter (Cuiha et all).p 8 Jul Latngford (Who's xVlIo).p 54 Nov
Sale at Polk Brahmnan tarin .p 44-11 Jan FENCING Ltrgo Guernsey Sale. 13 36A D-c
South Fiortha Sle it Barto.p 22 Mar Cattlemen Must Make New Law (Ed) . p 6 Aug Lee County-
Sale WtuchliIa JJule 30.p 22 l Cattlemens Bill Should Satisfy (Ed) .p 6 Nlav Association Active. -.p 14 NIi
Wrong Name for Breed.p 36 Oct New Law Should Remove All Cows (Ed) p 6 Jul Brahman Breeders.p 44 Ma-
BRAHMAN HAL OF FANtE 75 Peicent are Fenced (Ed).p 6 Jil Coning Back in Cattle.p 18 NIa
Clover Br .p 20-11 Jan Substitute Bill Endorsed (E ).p 6 May 4-H Activity in.p 28 May
Stugtri Ri F.p 34 Atg Fenton Feeders Nrade in Arcadia.p 33 Nov Nakitg Progress (Ed ). P N Mi
Bronson Ike-Elected FSCA Convention .- p 12 Dec I-9 i u t i t oc epHr.I ( Ii
BUTIitr FL~OOD CONTIROI Quality Cows Help Herd 1 0Na
tmeister, C. A., on cattle outlook p 16 Dec Adininistratise Setttp Perfected.P. 16 Se) SCS Sees Big Industry.p 35 NMay

C A Little Closer (Ed) .p 16 Oct Leeches Dangerous for Horses.p 40 Mar
CENTENNIAL, BRAHMAN lurriatie Loss Heav.P Ii6 Oct Lesy ])resident Nanied (Ed).P 6 J l
Aniial Diseases Discussed.p 47 Nov FQRHA Meet at Orlando.1) 43 Oct Livestock Losses ott Rise.p 38 Feb
Ciarlestonl is Pushing p 24 Jutl FiRitA Si ArE CAI-ri.F N 's AssoCIAroN Livestock Sanitary Board, State- 16 Jun
Charleston Prepares p II Sep Bordering States Alartmed.p 6 Mal Control of Disease.----- t
Indian (;ttle in Six Classes (Joshi) . p 51 Nov Catticen aIt 'Ia tipa Guests H illsboro. p 16 Noi Cooperation is OK'd b .p ) 25 Oct
Dudla Ran h Fetr o r . . . 2 J n G t 5 ,0 u gt .-- -p 7 u
Nlortisott ott Nuttritioni.p1 461 Nov ItIcill, :!Jtntit aetiire 'lott r. 1) 22 1 it t CGcts &r,9,0(00 Bludget. .p ti
ariagiti tut N I ti. p 8 N 1 lii s Iltt fur NIia i.p 5-11 Dec Lykes Using Angus Bulls.p 43 Aug
Lush.p 40 Noc FSCA Asks Researci tnit Dip 'est.p 39 NltMr LYNN, W. Ni.

Stle Consignmeits .Fp 51 Oct ISCA Pledges Support for Tick ltn.p 13 Jul Tick Fever Nty Strike Once Nore.p 41 Jtt
Shows New Markets .p 6 Nov FSCA Re-Elects ironson at Taipa.p 12 Dec
Sale -sertge S5162.90.p 42 Nov Nisit inter C(iference Plans .p 18 Jil,
Speakers Cos-er Rtng. of Si.ject. p 44 Nov NIidsummer Conference Scheduled (Ed) p a May acy-Good Future for Grass.p 32 Apr
Sicieider ot Past, Ftre of Breed. p 44 Nov New Dip Reimbursement Adopted.p li y Aay Els s.S
Ttittipt Ativailce.p.14.p 1Nts el Gtile Pltans Stock A1tictioti .p 22 Set)
Thomas on Adnce Ptits .p 14- Jan T i isi to Go to NI iini (E).p 50 Dec Kiss inmee Records Growth Since 1938.p 3l Nty
Thtinmts tin Stile Selectitin------------ses On Atversity.p 14-11 e e markets Mike Contribution.p 8 Aug

C i sitro b t n D ren n er . . . p 48 N o v I Sti ly F e ice L aw . . . . p 3 5 J t t P rice G oo d t fo r F lo rid a S stock (E d ) .p 6 N a y
inl Cottonseed Meal.p 40 Aug FOR THE Kow BELLEs: By Ethel Hales Slancil- Twice Weekly Sales at -illsboro. P 38 Nov
Ctttletten Should Use More.p 28 Jan p 24 MaT; p 36 Apr: p 42 May; p 25 Jun; p 38 CMluLN, K. S.-
Feetitg Tests Ust Mtet .p 28 N Jul; p 24 Aug; p 40 Sept; p 38 Oct Plans for 4--H Catmp Explaied.p1 58 Oct
,Sed MeaT Ne By-product.p 18 Oct Fort Nyers Champion Shown hr Jones. p 38 Apr NMeat Claims Ntjor Locker Sptce. p-21 Sep
SeedNicl e Byprouct. 18Oct 4-H C::lull Planned Near Lake Placid p 58 Oct Mdet eeod F'm.----
Seed NMeat Statisftactory for Cattle.~ p 6-2- Noivi PiittteijtkePtct~ 8Ot Nidlette liereftirt Fturto. p 22 It Feb
$7000 Profit Siin wcity .r-C--.p 42 Mar 4-11 Camip Large Undertaking (Ed).p 22 Sep Nlodena iPlantation Barn. 2 Jttn
Clover Bar Ranch Draws Out of State p 40 Jun Future Farmer Wiiners.p 17 Aug Molasses- -7-11 Dec
Braliit Hail of Faicie------------ 2-1 Jan FFA I-ers WX~rrent.p 32 Jun Fet ait Pitg g P 8-11 Dec
Cngdon Wins oF F -p Irores Fla. Beef.-----------------. De
Congi W1ins FSCA 4-1 Award.p 45 Apr M Norrison oil Nutrition.----------p 40 Nov
Corn, Molasses, Improvig Beef.p 8-11 Dec
CUNiA, T. J.; FOLKs, S. J. Gainesville Calves Average.p 6-1i Nov N
W eak Swi e G. Gaiesville Calf Sale.p 21)9 Aug
Lack of Iitlerals Weakens Swine .p 14 Oct Gatrell and Moore Record.p 34 Oct NORsTexas. 58 May
CIlNItA, T. J.; GAsstot:u, R. S GLAssCOCK, R. S. (see Cunha) -Iraliiis to . .d -. p 40-11 JNt
Silage for Winter Feeding.p 8 Jli] Golden Braitmans Lose.p 30-1 Jan .1-es, .ie t .----.'. p 40 Ntv
Linseed Meial for Fintisintg------------.p 30 Jul GORE, 14I. L. offices, N etc. 4No
Irish Ioittoes Re1ire Supplent. p 8 ty G eatth Rate High With Red Water.p 26 Nay NUI o dp 62 Nov
L;tck of Salt Serious.p 20 Feb GRAss ON SOUTIERN FLoRInA SANt-p 14 Feb; p i8 Citrtis Sei etl g fo Ctte.P 0 18 Oct
Nliti; 1) 22 Apr: p 22 Mny; p 44 Jun. CirisSct ea -lgll eti art)m.- p 18 Oct
Green Color Indicates Good Ha -.p 37 Sep Graci I t-etp Cttei p-BN Green Ctilor inl y (Ctit ec al).p 37 Sep
Grazing Larnd-Federal Control p 24-B3 Mar Grenralo illk WeIakesY ie(uh a).
D Great Western Brahman Ass .p1 24-11 Jan NIitlel Lack Wetkens Stie (Cotlit et tl) -P
Decetitber Big Noti fur Jtniors. p 29 Dec Guernsey Sale Nov 3.p 36 Nov 14 Oct.
filtttI' jungesoer---------------p 18 Dteg NMorrisonl (Ceintenial)---------------- p 40 Nov
Delorning Suggested p IS Aug
DAVis, CtIARLEs STICKNEY H -
FOt Rot Serious Malady.p 29 Jan Hay Drying Process at Connell.) 52 Oct Ona Field Day Nov. 11.
iREC-ORY Herefords-- Orlando-
Aberdeen-Angus .Apr Activity is Projected.p 49 Apr FQRHA Has Racing Neet.p 43 Oct
Braefoan Association Plans Kissime Sale 12 Ma Scene of Dairy Show.p 54 Apr
lereford -------.Feb Beef and Hornlessness .p 14 Apr
DIsEAsES AND PARASITES Dir ctor Jan P
Calfiootd Vacciitatioi OK'd by FB.p 32 Feb lI. Workman's Herd.p 55 Oct PACKER
Control of Dlisease LSSB Topic.p 16 Jun Fituityu Has 23 Entries.4 Atg Deluoriing Suggested by Frrris. p 18 Atg
Foiot tn ILit th Danger to Florida.p 6 Feb Poduit of Necessity.p 14+ Dec Livestock Prices Rise (Rhodes)-. 30 Jan
TDIo Stutes OK Spray or Dip in BHIC. p 16 Apr Range Bulls Arerage $415 at Kissiimtec.p 48 Jun Nillion Loss from Poor Handling. p 14 Aug
rclner (Centennial).p 48 Nov Hliggibottom Subject of Magazine p 12 Sep Packers, Markets, Make COttribuitions-.P 8 Aug
Hillsboro- Westerin and Native Not Enough (Ed) p 22 Sep
Easter B E Cattlemen Active.p 26 Nov Parade Has Writeup ot HeaTt-Bar.p 42 Jun
a n Brahman Association (see Southeastern County Issue .Nov Pari-Mutuel Betting Boosts State.p 23 Feb
BrahIan Breeders' Association) Has Bright Future.p 20 Nov Partin Written Up in Parade.p 42 Jun


/Or January, 1950 ANNUAL INDEX FOR 1949-ABBA to Partin 37











PASTURES (See also Nutrition) Sihell 1 p. Set) Polk County Youth Fair 14 Jai
Duida Ranch Tou .1) 22 Jun Silage Oilers \inter Icu .p 5 jul Quini Fat Stork Show. i ;: Jan: 1 i Mar
Evaluation of Grasses .p 18 Mar SINCLAIR, F. 11. Second Paso Bie Sho .1 22 Miar
Fertilizer, Lite Necessary (Hodges et al).p 22 Westeiner Sa s. 'Get Aquirind p 22 Aug sixth Ocala Ilraliman Show-ti 36 Dec; ) 36l Dec
"ft Southeastern Balurs i I ctt i Association- Small Shows Taking L imelight.p 6 Of[
Good Future for Rhodes, Says Macy.p 32 Apr I ibraces States in Iasten U. S P 46 Sep Southiwest Florid, Fail .p 34 Feb
Income Tax Problems.p 161 Dec Iarris Electd President at Bartow.l. 49 May Suter Show. Webster-p 13 Oct; p) 2-4 Nov; 7)
Jarnagin, Lush (Centennial).p 48 NoN, Sept I New Deadline fo i Nominations. .P 46 Sep 18 Dcc
Ma 27 Date for Leonard Tour.p li Jun SoutI Florida Co-Op Sale Aeragc S531 38 \fta Suwaiiniee Vally Swine Show. .1p 28 Oct: p 22 Doc
Miracle Da\ at Sanford.p1 10 May SPECli IssUEs Swine Show Set Oct 22-.i.i. ) 510 Feo
Noriis Technique for Pangola 39 Sep Sixth Brahman, Jan; ITird lereford, Feb; Third Tri-State hog Show is P ned.p 50 Feb
Piepairation of Soil (Hodges et al).p 14 Feb Angus, Apr: Lee County, i ay Eleciricity, West Fla. Sholw as Marianna.p 40 Dcc
Setting Improved Grass.p 22 Api Inn: Slickets, Aug Second Swil It, Oct; Hills-
Torpedo Grass at Kenansville.p 10 Jul bor, Nov: Thi Angus Slow, NOv; Welcome T
1Ana i Xtes risc A i Tampa Terminal leator .p 2S Nov
Anal Meeting Sept. 7-8.p 56 Sep Sri xi., irsi. His (see -or the Kow-Belles) Tasipa Coenition INm n-i r 7-9.) 2 im'
Directors Meet Tamiipa June 16.p 28 .1 un Sugarland Ranch-- Tannin entanstkn-. 2i Aug
Directors See Florida Herds.p 26 Aug Agents Set Crossbrds at.P 60A Nov Tanig Plant lakclanil.p 21 Aug
Pecan Acres Sets New Record.p 52 Mar Crosses Brahmans, Molasses 34 A1ti iug svari I C1i-l-me GtOAK
Polk Associaion Ca If Sale.p 28 Dec Shows Value of Good Stock.tp 26 Jun Thmitas Sell. eifer-iigh Pric.p 02-1 1N
Polk Bra'insan Farm Average $448.p 46 Mar Suiter No\. I4 Aig1sS Sale.t1 40 Oct Tio.Ntts, E. V. f P- l
Power Saies Time on R ich,.p 13 Jil Sun I ake, Biiers i isted. 40 s6 H
IVN lc.i f1ii s -ie to Raise Cales .Ii) 2S eb,
-tCitrus Seed Mal Not Suitable.p 5; N during States Alareu.p 0 Mac

EliAtsRat ions oil Labor Da% ampile S42de al SLte Ok .i.t.l.-.o.g. pt Seay FSCA Asks RNsoSarSh .Xsk Dip Test .e.s.-.a. is 39 Mar
Pai,-s I lab er p I is.p 42 Sep) ial Hog Shm .1 18 Sul) 14 Nov FSCA Pledges Support.P 13 Jul
Men Seek Pari-M(t el.1 23 Feb Pick Tvpe in Iuying Durocs (Bovdes).1 35 Oct Ma- Strike Again (1,NI11).p ) 4sTs
Quik Freez Methods Make Difference. .p 12-Il Atg Ouiliiv Duroc Sale 24 Apr MusE B- Repored.P 12 Feb
Quiicy-Angus Herds .p 20 Ott sist Si walinne Valley Shoiw-p 28 Oct; p 22 New i Reitu.rsemiet Adopte.p 161 May
c Tixtphene Test s ASskre At Cocoa.p 13 Jil;
aces. Sate, l 8 i pa Fail .) 6 ar
R a 28-30, Orlando.p 33 Jun Weakened by Lack of Minerals.t 14 Oct
Red Water Death Rate Higlh (Gore).I 26 Mav SrocK SHsS I
Research Prograi at Gainesville (Ed).p 6 Feb Belle Glade L1 ivestock Siso.p 26 Apr; tN :10 Jun N'altos a. Floridians Bu% 29 Ap
RHoDEs, GIFFORD aI) iiy Show laipa Jan. 8. to I Jalt Vets, What .fte G1 Beislits?.Is 31 Sep
Li-estock Prices Show Rise .p 30 Jan Fastern Brahman Assn Plans 1950 Shois.p 34 Dec: w
Rodeo- IlIecntI Ocala Fat Hog Show. .1p 18 Sets; p 14
and Racing Get Big Crowds.p 31 Jan Nov. Warren, Speaker at FFA Banquet 32 Jun
Calf Scramble Featured at Lakeland. .1p 30 Dec Filth Oala Brahman Show-ps 6-Il; p 10-Il Jail; Webster-
8000 Attend Lakeland.p 24 Feb p 9 Mar. Angus Fall Sale -Xr. 4.p 2-Ii Nov
Crowds Jam Five onl Fourth p 28 Aug Florida 4-H Dairy Show, Orlando .p1 18 NO\v Buyers Pay S350 Average .p 4).7 Dec
Planned Bonifar. Perry, Webster-p 4t Ort Florida State Fair-p 42 Feb; t) 15 Mar; p 28 WhitsObin (Cet tltnat).1 48 Nov
Scheduled for July 4.p 32 Jul Mai: 1t 6 Mar; ) 24 Sep: p 37 Nov; p 42 Dec. Wiio'S WHO IN IIFRDS
liank Parkin Tops I14- Silos. 1 34 Jas Langfoid, T.ts 54 Nov
S Itaidee County Shoi. 1 18 );Iti Midyette ilerfiOid Farm.p 22-11 Feb
Safety oni Fa rms Stressed.p 12 Aug IIcrefoid Slim Ocala .p 30 Aptr 1X'irs VniO tx HOGs
Sas Three are Planned for 1949-30. p 52 My Kissimmee Show to be NtOv 18.p 12 Nov Gatrett a M s ioo]( .p
Schell On Shorthors.p 44 Set) I ake d Cittle Show .t) 21 Fet X itack Deselops Farm --.p
Si Ineider oil Brahians (Centennial) 1p 41 Nov Ntain Sholws Stated Dlring Iall. 119 Oct
SHEAitY, A. L. Nassau Show at Hilliard.t1 38 Dec
Livestock l oss Committee Program .p 1 0 Aug Ninth Southeastern Fat Stock Show- 3 Mar; YOUR V.- SAs-p t) Jan; p 28 Fet>; p 40 Mtar; t
Shorthorlis-- p fl, Mar; p 10 Apr. 20 6 y; t -1 Juts; p 20 Aug.
Duane Presents Heifers to FFA.p 54 Mav O(ala Hereford SIOws-p 32t Jir: p --II Fit; p YOUNG, GrGiE C.
Moultrie Sale Nov. 14.1 44 Oct 8-II Feb. Brahmans Bette .others-Texas Tests.p 36 Aug




Index Florida Cattleman 1936-1949


A Well Established by Four Breeders.p 1136 Jun 18 1l1t Classs of Bialmatis A-.p 26 tcs It
ABER6, HERMAN C. HOst to 1COw oys. .5.5. 7 Jail -1
AAA 19-0 Pliogiamt lot- Pastuirs.P Jil 4 C0 Contribution Made by Brahman.p 8 Feb 45 \tarksl-t ill ion Io llsr Bsistiess 1 54 Aug 17
ABBA Directors to lut is Cai p 6-II Jil 47 Aimis. JUsiicE ALr Records Fall at Blalmlia Sale.p 2H \la I
Aberdeen-Angus-- Sipremic Court-Williais Case.p 25 Jai 4l --Rod-o .to 7 --c It
Alba Sale .p 13 1 Feb 44; P 20 Ap 44 Adamis, Alto, State Supremi Court.p 1V Dec 40 Ruu.eo-I)n; Wins--Fourth Timte.p 2 FIb Ic 2
Atlanta Sale Ac age 537 p 10 Jan 44-1 Adais, Cartoll Head Committees 1) 25 Apr .tI Rodo-Independ c- Da.p 10 .1 '!1
Atlantait T 0 B". Sicni of Show .p 15 Dec 44 Ad iriable Selection (Ed).p1t 4 1c -16 -liti ( wbo, W ins. .1) 21 A g .2
Ass'n EICts Me bers. .p 25 Jin 16 A ane Seen in Fla. Livestock.p 24 Oct 45 Show Eucational. .p 1,.- Oct T
Breirs Had SiCssfUl Ycai .1 9 Jan 18 Agricultural- Il Xd Annual Ratg Shoi.p 31 No\ 13
Breed Adtanes 4 Nov 46 1939 Conse ation Progratt-Pastuies p 6 Julx 39 21 Bredis to Stiw it ;,I chd Sale, 1 28 St ii ts
Breedei s Fllii nt Producers p 4-II Nov 47 194 (;oals Revised .t1 2 Fel 42 Ariadian in Chag- of State larket.1) 19 Apr 41
Bull Added to Uniersity lcrd .p 1 17 Jams 43 World of Toiorio .I SNiii -10 Argentine-
Bull Insluded i Polk Vet. Gift. p 5 Feb 46 Ag.I callers Tour State April 26-30. .1p 18 M,\iy 48 Sanitarv lact (Id). 141 No 410
Bull Sells fos Sl275-Fist Sale .t 12 Dc 46 itIane Tires foir Farm Use.tp 6 De -7 Seeks Our Mxrrket.p 15 Mar 39
Boll Tops .loultric June Sae-.p 25 Jil 41 Alathii- Ships Much Beef to England.p 10 Aig
Calf Sale Approed for Fall .1 37 jul 48 Breeders Recognicd at Banquet 17 Apr 41 Troubles if i Cattlia ---.p 6 Aug 18
Icstwtity I Has DeSoto Herd 58 Aug 47 (lub Plans Atual Horse Show p 33 Oct 45 Artisistiie Rotico at 11tsiell 13 Oct -1
Field Day Sept. 15.)p 46 Sept 48; p 28 Nor 48 Cattlemen Organized .-- 38 June 47 Armour & Co.-
50 to be Offered in Atlanta-.p 3-I Nov 47 151t in Beef Cittle; 5th Revenue. p 12 Jun 47 En-ourage Polk Prodution -10. 1) 8 Feb -10
54 Head for Georgia Sale.1 18 Apr 4 .4 Exhibit at Gainesille .p 50 Apr 47 Volume Shois C;ain in 190-.p 22 Feb -1
4-H lembers Will Sell at Sale. .p 21-It Nov 47 -H1 Wuoik Adirncing.p 26 Jun 47 AsOsi.o, 1'. I. t).'
FFA Gisen Steers O(ala Sale.p 49 lay 48 Hed Itsptated h Cattlemen 12 Ott 43 Citirs Pulp I I Dairy Rations.p 14 Jat 39
Genai Is New Iiead-.p 56 Aptr 46 Hiors Cattlemen .c-p 15 May 45 eveopmi-ttc of i Dairt Cast Calf.p 9 Aug 38
Gcin Likes Beef.p 140B Aug 48 Lions 2nd Cattlencii's Banquet .p SApr 42 Model Dairy Management.p 8 Mar 38
Group Approves Constitution.p 22 Jan 45 I ons Stage Bredis Banquet.p 13 Apr 43 Around tie State With 'Bo p 13 Ma;r -It
Listing of Breeders. 14-11 Nov 46 A I Salt .p 43 Jan 47 Artificirl Breeding Methods.p 12 Oct 39
itsrch Sale, 1948-. 33 Feb 48; p 48 Mar 48 Alyce Clover- Association-
en r'let for Itwo Sales.p 12 Mar 44 Siites Last Big Problem. p 9 Sep 38 Re- ects Bright.p 38 Jan 47
Moultrie Retord Asg. $352.p 16 Apr 43 I ime to Get Seed.p 17 Mar 39 Will Sponsor Cattle Show.p1) It Nov 35
Mothrie Sale Set for Nov. 6.p 13 Oct 42 All-Bied Sale Object New Group.p 9 Jil 48 Allata-
National Sale Puts 12 Head in S. E. I 21 Apr 43 XisSiNIJR, ItoeTs Ninel b SE Cattlmeni --.p 11 Apir 44
Necir hisappoini g o Sales .1 46 Jin 47 Bluestone Sakes Gicen Pasturcs.p 10 Dec 40 26 Consignors Offer Blacks.p 17 Nov 43
150 Head in Albai Side.p 33 Feb 45 Pasture Establishment.p1) 6 Jitl 38 Au i X'Rtt WtimAt
Popular in Achua County .1 34 Jun 47 Sursvy of Pastore Development-. 8 Jil 39 T isi II ittl Intiernational.t 1 A-Xr 41
Qaliithi rys Good for Oct. Sale 13 38 Oct 46 Aeiricani-Angus Fxhibit-Statc Fair.s 14 jail 38 Aistion Market-
Report oi (tala larch 31 Sale 1p 26 Apr 48 Anderson Hlints Stock Problems.p 21 Mtar 46 Proes Successful.p 12 No% 36
Ritisiond Sale Selts. 24.p 28 Sept 43 Animal- Will Boost Hird limprosmenet .p I JU]t :1.5
Sale to Be in Atlanta.p 26 Nov 4.i lustamdrs Students Inspect Range. p 7 Jun -12 August I Deadline for Essay Contest. .1t 21 Aug 4-I
Second Annual Sale Oct. 29-p 56 Aug 47; p 41 Industi Popular i Univeirsity .p 8 Apr 41 A-on Park-
Sept 47; p :10 Oct 47; p 8-II Nos- 47; p 27 otor" Needs Winter Ration.p 12 Fb 4I1 Announcs Labor Da Slio 26 Aug I
Dcc 47 AXtothel Problei (Ed). 18 Aptr 39 Blackstone suid Clemicons Win-Rodeo p 1- oct 4'-
Show Reiord Good.p 17-It Nov 47 Another Sign of Progress (Ed)-. 18 Aug 38 Sta Feuding Stees foi Spring.p 15 I Dec 40
Shows Well in Florida.p 17-1I Nov 46 \notlI Year (Fd). 18 Ort 8 Plaits Rodi o June I----.p 1.- Juts 4
Spring Sa'le Ocala March 4.p 22 Jal -18 An Otsider i Looks at Cail]- Business p 8 Feb 38
36 Sell at Moultrie for $5165-. 19 Dc 44 XiAratbians at Home in Floria.1p 26 May 17 B
Tolan to be judge.) 41 Jul 46 Aiadia- Btttsia procs W\soitI in Fori-da. 12 Ot 17
29 Bisurs at Vidalia.p 10 Dec 43 BIatihian Sale Planned July 18.1t 2-11 Mav 47 BAsiuv, Romrut C.
S20,000 Bull at San Antoniop. 5-11 Nov 46 Brahtsmus to Sell March 19 p 26 Mar 48; p 42 Florila's Dahr Iinduist -R,-s,-:scth. p 1t Feb I0
Two Sales Planned.-.p 28 Apr 47 Feb 18 Bali I Does 110I ii Riuuioid Tii. -18 Aug 17
200 Will Sell in S. E. Fall Sate. .p 36 Oct 40 C citr Hill Cowbo Wills Again.p 11 Feb -I Bankis Anatze I ikestok.p 21 No -I'
Uniersity Sells Seen.1) 31 Aug 41, Coming to Front as Mairket.p 5 Jll 39 Commended by A. lP c Sesr.er. 11:1 July 41
Use Feed Most EfVicic-itly. 22-Il No -17 Durrance Rain t Gets BlIuc Ribbon.p 25 Dcc -4 t cu (Ed). .P 18 JuS n 59


38 Pastures to Young-ANNUAL INDEX; AAA to Balmy-1936-1949 INDEX The Florida Cattleniai










Irldci Aiendimniii (Ed) p It Mlar 40 Breeders Meet Nov. I p 40 Nov 45 Ass'n. Re-elects Bright p 38 Jan 47
Bartw Y'ouilt Event NOv 6-7.p 36 Oct 47 Breeders Own 100 Head.p 24 Aug 47 Carl Rose to Sell Keeneland.p 54 Oct 47
IFoulih Sicp Souliward .p 12 Sep 44 Breeders Smarter?. .p 41) Aug 47 leRs, JIMMY
SIcreiaiy of Assn. Naied.p 19 Mar 41 Breed Promotion Topic.p 54 Jun 48 Donna's Are Inspiration .p 19 17
BAss, R. L. DR. Bull Givces the Answer.P 18 Oct 43 Drop in Ra e Tax Urged.1 26 MIar 47
Liver Fluke Danger in Wet Places. .) 17 Oct 48 Buyers Get Durrance Bralians.p 44 Oct 47 Gosernor Pleased With Racing.p 32 tar 47
Bay CO. Group Pres. Waller.p 19 Feb 41 Can't Afford be Without.p 4I-I Dec 46 Law Gi vs Hialeah Best ])ates.3 40 Jun 47
Itir, CL t i Charter Provides Expansion.p 14-1I Jan 47 Siat i erits Digger Invesl.p 36 Feb 47
ir li ii Aid 1 Mar 37 Congress Oct 30-51.p 38 Oct 38; p 21 Winners Come from Florida.p 16 Mar 48
Highlights Pasture T lour .p 5 Dec 39 Nor 47; p 14-II Jan 48: p 50 Dec 17. Bushincl-4-1-I Bots Get Scholarships.p 22 Feb 41
IlimE ii DR. R. B. Crunt Started Buills p 2-I1 Jul 47 1.11estock Market to Open .p 1 2 Jun 39
Adantages of Raising Replacements.p 8 Apr 38 Data of Interest on 50 Herds.p 15 Oct 43 Rodeo Big Success.p 17 Dec 41
AmiIi1 I iiitpeai Pastures p 11 N ov' 38 Does Well in North.p 13-11 Mar 47 iutte ilk Source of Revenue.p II Mar 37
Aiiin il InduslIry PoIpuar at State U., 1) 8 Apr 41 Dominate Miami Fair.p 58 Apr 46 Bios! ile Cittle Indist v.p 18 Mir :8
Brittl Bones.P 6 Sep 41 Dressing Percentages Very High.p 4B Oct 46 C
Brittle Bones Ind Stilf Cos .p 6 Sell 37 Dupoits Buy Shorthorn.p 46 Nov 45 CAtint., ROFIr .
Citrus PuIp i Dairy Rations .p 14 Jan 39 D)utih Guiana Gets 26.I) 10-11 Aug 46 Regulation of Busiiess.p 5 Mar 38
Ilairy Bulls Most Daingeos .P 12 Dec 41 Eais 10 Handle .p 4-11 May 47 Calf-
Essentials-Dairy Industri 16 Sep 38 E xperintent in Progress.1 26 Jul 48 Crop Averaige 58 Percent Ten Years. p 4 Ian 45
Experinient Sta. Dair Herd p 14 Mar 39 First Imported by South Carolinian, p 22 Oct 43 Marke.p 9 Jtn 37
Imiproving DaIr Cttle .p 11 Jan 38 FMoidt Brahmans Win.p 36 Apr 48 Capitol Notes of i. (FEt).p 14 Aug 40
Keeping Herd i Line 15 Oct :18 G-;entlest Cattle ini W uorld.p 130 Aug 47 Carcass Dresses.p 31 Aug 47
Mineral Supplents .p 14 Apr 37 Ga. Extension Mten See Gentle.p 10B Oct 46 Carload Saddle Horses Te11.p 15 Dec 40
Native and limpioved Pastits .p 10 May 37 lerd Nucleus at Belle Glade.p 12 Jul 45 Carlton Former Gov. Appraises.p 11 Dec 41
Supplementing Pastures fo Cos p 12 Sep 37 'Honest Brahmans' at Arcadia .p 8-11 Jul 47 Caruthers Bahia Pasture Webster.p 7 Aug 42
Use of Early Pastuie-Dairy Cattle.p 13 tar 38 HIbids Big .p 20 Jun 46 Cattle-
Value of Breeding Records .p 14 Jun 37 Inluded in 1942 Southeastern.p 21 May 41 atle-
Ileef-Selectitig intl Using p 10 Jul 38 lesAu sai eulc1 u 6 .nit Inidians p 6 Apr .38
-utg nd U.p 1 J Lea for Island Republic p 12 Jun 46 Don't Freeze in Fla.p 18 Feb 40
Additional Sourc of Farmi Income p 5 Jun 39 Nlake Great Contribution p 13 Oct 43 Fceding Situation Dec. 1939 P 11 Dec 319
Argentine Beef (Ed).p 27 Feb 41 More Beef per Dollar from Brah. p 3-11 Dec 46 HigwS fle). . p 11 Dc 39
Beef Cattle Situation.p 6 Ian 39 Ocalan Itea'ds Florida Assn.p 10 Mar 46 Iniist d Feattreid World's F'ir.p 13 Oct 38
Beef Cattle Situation.p 17 Feb 39 Officials Visit Florida.p 28 Sept 43 Inventory Largest in Hist.p 7 Mar 42
Beef Cattle Situation. .1 6 Nov 40 on 'Third Match'.p 31 Feb 47 Prices Advance Jun., Jl . p 12 Aug 40
Beef Cattle Subject at Green Cove.p 18 Jan 42 1000 Grade Brahtialts to Arizona. 6 Sept 46 Prodution Consumption U. S.p 8 Sep 39
Beef for Viitors. 19 22 Mar 412 Open Letter to Florida Breeders. .p 9-11 At1g 46 iProduition Increase Forecast.p 13 Nos 36
Beef Grading-Ariouri s View.P 1 15 Sep 38 New Rules, New Members.p 30 Sep 48 Raising War Time (Ed).tp 4 May 43
Beef Produition Is IEssential.p 10 Sep 38 Preii i ist for Show .p 4B Oct 46 Rustling.p 18 Oct 39
Ed ii Afing Consumers oit Grades.t 8 Aug 42 Record Sale Expected at Ocala.t 4-i Jun 48 Shows and Saes (Ed). 4 Jun 44
Field Day Poides Iniformation .p 7 Mar 8 Record Fall at Arcadia Sale.p 20 'May 48 Theft (Ed).p 16 Nov 36
Field Day at Gville i NIarch .p 17 Mar 1 Resarh Work Done .p 12 May 38 USDA Breeders Gulf Coast Aim.p 12 Mar 39
Field Day it it sille Report 14 Apr 41 "Riglit-T)" Brah. Best p 32 Jul 48 Cattlemen-
For Home Use Needed .p 4 May 42 Sale Entries Indicate Qualit .p 26 Dec 45 Affected b Bills in Leg.p 5 Stay 41
Flom South of Cattle Countr p 4 Nov 40 Salute to Bialminan Breed (Ed) .p 4 Oct 43 Asked to join National Group.p 6 Jul 47
;oals for '43 Greater 4 Jan 43 Sarasota ]os I leain to Pik Brahmans.p 46 Jul 46 Deserve Consideration Tick Deal p 16 Oct 37
"Murphies; I wi Crops 4 Aug 40 St !BBA Votes on Nit'l Show .p 33 Sep 47 Friend in Gov. Mansion.p 12 Dec 40
Slight Upage is Nos. Asked 6 Nov 43 Seen at Triple-Threat Animl p 36 May 46 Natned 'Stan of Yea-r'.a25 Dec 41
Status of Beef C ttle p 8 Dec 38 Shipped to S. 13 Jul 46 Owes Self Attend Steet Sebring (Ed) p 6 Nor 48
Weight & QUality Ndd .p 1 11 Jun 38 Show Adaptailit .) 7 itar 39 Urged Attend Stock Shows.p 10 Jan 58
Belle Glade Field Di y Planned p 19 May 46 69 Cows Comiptise Krusen Brahman p 15 Aug 43 Cattlemen's Assn. Connect FSCA.p If Nov 38
Belle Glade Hlost at Field Da p 19 May 42 Suter Breeders Have High Quality, p 48 Jul 46 Cayson-
Berkshire, Honmer Talks oi Pries .p 6 Oct 48 Texas Men Compliment Floida. p 8 Sep 47 Gets Pontiac Domino .p 19 Nov 41
Beiman Aiquires Oakwood Sunbeam. .p 15 Jil 43 Thomas Elected Pres. Brali. Assn. p 26 May 48 Sells Cows to Pace.p :1I Nov 46
Biininda SIcals Show at Belle Glade. p 16 Feb 41 S30410 for BiaIihians Jan 6-9.p 19 Nov 47 Cavsons Sell Herefoids.p 25 Star 37
Blit; jo .p 12 Aug 48 33 Breeders in Indhr .p 31 Sep 47 Census important Task Gov't (Ed) . 1 Dec -I
Corti Is ligh Quality.p 19 Nov 48 To 'Recotvert' in Jamaica.1 28-It Jan 48 CMAPMAN, L. F.
Big Redution in Meat Losses.p 2 Jan 42 To Show and Sell at Ocala.p 27 Nov 44 Another Santa Getri!is?.p 8 JI 41
Bii is, RAY USDA Making Progress.p 50 Jun 48 Check for S991,660.783.p 8 Feb 47
5000 See First Annual Palatka Roden p If Sep 41 Use of Good Bulls Stressed.p 2B Oct 4, Chicago, Special Car to.p1 22 Dec 46
Billion Dollars I Mtonth.P 6 Jit 42 Virginian Bys Two Brahtmais. .p 33-Il Jan 47 Circle P Bulls Outstanding.t. 8-I1 Feb 48
Bilk Kig Kleberg Win Races.p 62 Star 48 Weiss Started Ist Herd in Broward. .p 30 Sep l6 Circle SM-
BJORKA, KsNE Youths liiy Puicbred Bratimans p 10-11 Jul 47 Acriage S2400 oil 50 Head.p 33 May 45
Direit Buiing of Lisestock.p 16 SMay 39 Brattorn Calves Get Top Prices.p 42 Jul 46 Sets Record 50 Head Av. $17445.70, p 21 Jun 44
Blaser Talks ott Grasses at Vero.p 36 Fe 45 BRADxox, WILLIAM CIXIr Circle M's April Sale 50 Head.p 17 Apr 45
Blaks Sell May 1I in Decatur.p 34 May 44 Students Inspect Range Cattle Lands, p 7 Jun 42 Citrus-
Ils' 4-1 Beef Cluls-Floridl p 10 Oct 311 BRAwsiNR IV. R. Allotted SI500 Work by Commission p 50 Sep 48
Un'io Cot Bo y CViusArd.p 11 J9an 41 Retaineid Plac ntas Cause Loss.p 20 Sep 48 Feed Proving Tests Half Brahisans.1t 28 Dec 47
lI aiksione 'ots at Fort ierce .p 28 Apr 44 Breeding Daiv Cattle.p 9 Jun 38 Feeds Valuable With Grain.1 11 Oct 48
Iltiste R. F. F t r .i! .p 1 Pellets Produce profit.p 20 Dec 48
IAsR, R. E. Bred Assiation D.pi ii cc.Fal p 16 Nov IS Clarification Press Reports.p 5 Apr 37
Florida Pasture Clovers p 12 Oct 38 Breedr-.eder to Feature Fall p II Sep 40 Clark ierd for Sie.p 21 Jun 45
Northern Red Top Grass for Florida.p 6 Sep 39 Breeders Affected bv Tax Rule.p 10 Sep 1 CLA EvERETr A.
Pastile Platits Compared .p 12 Seta 43 Breedeis Participate in Sale.p 14 Apr 42 Thorobreds Coming tip in Florida. .p 14 May 45
Blogrc Red, Duchess 9, Flash Win.p 23 Dec 48 Breeding Important in Meat.p 29 Jan 45 CLAYTON, 1. C.
Boost the Cattle Industry (Ed).p 18 Mar 38 Breeding, i progress Reported in .p 19 Oct 42 Est'blishing P3stues. t It Sar 17
Boout, T. 0., D.V.I. BIrling, Value of.p 14 Jun 37 1937 Soil Conservation Program.p 5 Feb 37
DIi eiincies in Food aid Livestock. p 8 Oct 42 Breeds of Beef Cattle, Origin of.p 7 .1in 37 1938 Program for pastures.p 5 Mar 38
Book Niakeis Move Quarters.p 16 Apr 39 Bleeds of licef Cattle Now Used.p 6 Feb 10 1938 Conservation Program.p 9 Feb 38
tlosxicu F. A. Bringing in the Spring Crop p 8 Apr 39 1939 Progiai for Pastules p 6 Jul 39
New Tarx Laws Examined .p 16 Jul 41 British-Canadian Tiade Agrcl eemnts p 16 Jan 39 194t0 AAA Program for Pastures.P 4 Jul 40
BoulIs Has Record as Bleeder.p IS Oct 48 Mtat Suippli s and Retort War.p 4 Ju -10 2 Stillion in Sitbsidics Paid.p 14 Jun 45
BOURN DR. B. A. BROcK, C. C. DR. Cewiston NIan Ieases Pasture.p 25 Jan 41
Finishing Stee-s Without Grain.P 15 Sep 43 Rabies Can ii Endinger Your Terd.p 31 Dec 48 Ci.uTIRO, W M. S.
Results of Clewiston Trials.p 10 Jul 41 Browiard 4-11 Interested in Cattle, p 10 Mta' 12 Arm r's Encourage Greater Prod.p 8 Feb 40
Bowrs, IRetn W. Catierotlen to Meet .1 42 Sep 46 Clover Bar Sale-p :12 Aug 48; p 32 Sep 48; p 39
Waler uffailo.p 8 Jun 38 Coiinni itis Speciali z .p 22 Sep 46 Oct 48; p 52 Nov 48.
lots' I-I Beef Clubs in Florida.p 10 Oct 36 Stridc, m ade bi Cattlemen .p 22 Sep 48 Chybel Repoits fHereford Progress.p 30 Aug 44
B0us in Osreola Train for Cattle.p 14 May 38 BROsN, t tIstt L. Costa Rita Climate Ideal.p 33 Oct 47
BRI itAN HiIAL iuc IA',i Ada i cs in The Dairy Industry.p 8 Jan 38 Coastal Cattlemen Gather.p 12 Apr 39
Frank Bass.p 30 Aug 47 Biid Assoc.-Ilorida Dairying. p 16 Nov 38 Cobalt Need in liberall Mixture.p 6 Dec 38
Beauchamp, ai.p 14-II May 47 Dai ing as Sideline.p 10 Nov 37 Colts 12 Ati ion Labor Iay.p 13 Sept 45
I) I. Ctut1, Sr.p 2-Il Jul 17 Dairi Catle Iipoveient.p 4 Aug 39 Communism ('d) .p 14 Nov 40
Ddas "Right Tvpe" Brahtmans.p 32 Jul 48 Diri Ciitle Oiginizations.p 8 May 38 Cone Speaks of Cattle Progress.p. 14 May 39
Kruse Herd a t /'/ehyrhills.p 2B Oct 46 D ir I Delopmnclt in 1938 .p 8 Jan 39 Congratilations to Jacksonville (Ed). 18 SMar 37
GC ". Mal Ranch.p 16-11 Jan 48 Dai I xension W rk. . p 8 AMay, 39 Congratulations (Ed) .p 14 Jun 40
MArthur, A. G.p 8-Il Jan 47 Da i rs Noltes p 1: Jun41; p 13 Jul1; t) 9 Aug4l; Congress Champs for U.S.S.C. Herd.p 7 Aug 44
Murphy Oak cy.p 46 Nov 48 p 1, ian1s2; p 11 Feb12: p 13 jun42: p 16 Coiiell Bought Reelfoot Bull.p 24 Mar 47
hoits.p 32 Mir 48 JiII2: p 13 Aug42: p 7 Oct4I2; p 16 Oct42; p onseriation (Ed) .p 14 Aug 39
ii ter, hin. .p 3-Il Dec 46 13 NO 12; p 11 Dic42; p 17 Mar43: p 14 Mtay43; Conservation-
d LanIingliamt Herd p 211 Aug 46 p 10 Aig.13; p 11 Jan13; p 13 jun43; p 15 Jun-45. Couiul (Ed) .p 16 Oct 36
RA1 AN Rsvi' 1St tOutlook p 15 Dec 38 Discussed by Committee.p 17 Mar 45
Au"g Il: Oct 416; Jan 7; Star 47; Mav 47; Jul 47. 1arls lls-W ir airy Season. p 14 Sep 37 District Reports Given in Fla. .p 28 Oct 45
BRIuIINIAxs elfor 'aximium Production. 15 Oct 42 Feedstuffs Called for Shortages.p 5 May 43
A-il Conditsioned' Hides .p 6-11 Aug 46 F 1rage Crops for Diry i Ct. p 12 Feb 38 Important Changes in Program.p IS Jam 41
Alabama, N. C iecifrs us .p 14B Oct 46 Managing Cows for Fall Freshening.p 8 Sep 38 Jaxon Sees Value of.p 5 Sep 45
APPrai set's to Visit Florida p 9 Aug 47 Silage for- Dairy Cattle .p 8 Aug 37 Program (Ed).p 18 May 38
tall Team Is Named 'Brahtmans'.p 30C Mar 48 Successful Dair Pastiue Care.p 8 Jul 37 Consumer Inioles ReL. I iestock.p 15 May 37
Ibir Structure Of Agri. oil Backs.p 8-11 Jan 46 Pastiues foit Daiyi Ctle .p 15 Jun 38 Coitract Feeding Livestork in U.S.A. p 16 Apr 38
Lest Beef Producers .p 6-11 Mar 47 Bioun-Swiss-Herd iat Arcadia.p 21 Aug 45 COOPeR. J. FRANCis
liggest Show at Houston .p 19 Jan 42 Smith has Sis, Puhreds .p 43 Aug 47 Alachua Lions Stage Breeders' Banquet.p 13
Boy Brimgs Brahman to Termn. p 36 Sep 48 Blown, T. V., Pioneer Breeder.p 18 Jul 46 Mar 43
tlaziliant Sees Florida Brahmans 34 May 46 Bruise Losses Run .p 25 Aug 48 Beef Cauttle Field Day.p 7 Mar 38
Iluuyer Interest High for 3rd. Event. p 8B Oct 46 Bull Selection and 'Managelient. p 11 Jan 39 C.1arlton Appraises Cattle Industry.p 12 Mar 41
BreCders Directors Named .p 21 Mar 45 Bundlrab Wins Floida-Cuban Evenit.p 30 May 48 Cattle SIowin at Gainesville.p 9 Oct 41


for January, 1950 1936-1949 INDEX-Barden to Cooper 38A









Fifth Annual Fat Stock Show p 7 Nov 38 Disease controll and Research p 10 Jan 39 Catte shouldd Coperate .p 4 Aug -15
-loria St eelS tttre 11 Honors, Jax ) 6 Eq uine Eicepaloiyclitis .1) 6 Apr 39, p 46 Ctlemlen WVant D1eer Remioied 1 IS Oct 37
Florida Steers Wil Top Honors. p 9 Mar 4)0 May 48.
Gainiessille Feeder Show Sets Pace. .1p 11 Oct 40 Fake Curs >. 15 Jlil 38 Cattle RakSing il l lWar hime.vl I Jan 43
little International Scores Hit.p 10 Ma, 39 Guard Against Caittle 1) 17 Dcc 42hws Census of \gtiteilttle vIortat.P 4 1une 14
Little International.p 10 Apr 40 Hoof Ind Nlottl l.I l- l Ii: p 1 ii 4.1 p Ii t o f iiston ISC( NItC p ing o.it 4 Jan I
Pastur linprovemniit Conference.p 13 Jil 38 Jul li; 18-11 )ec 4; 1) 7 Feb 417: t p Mar Cld *st fo GCa in erglad. s.P 6 ApJ 47
PIremtinm Prices Receied at Ja x.p 10 Mar 38 37 1) 32 Mar 17; 1 11 ful 46: 25 N ay v'17: C1) 1 t Grv E s A
Schedule Announced for Train Exhibit.p 13 p 10 Oct 17; 1 6 Feb 48: 1 10 Jill 18 p 1 0 i 1 5 No C.
Oct 40 Oct t8 4 Jun i ; ) 1 Jil I. Confusion i %eat Situation 1 Aug 4
Steers Go Ot Feed-Jax Show.p 8 Oct 40 Hortflics C ti .I. p 8 Sep IS Congaulation .I.
Third Florida Ft Stock Show, J.ax .p 13 Oct 3 6 Injured Liestock, Iralmn. p Itlt 4 Cotgraiulations to Jax.lt 18 \a 3
Uppage in Beef CattIc Numbers Asked.p 6 Lungwoii Ireetion p 8 Sep 12 Conser ation .-p I Aug 3l
Nor 43 1 ittsock Dliststs -Disttssd . I 7 Ott 413 Constutton Cou i ---. 1-6 Ot -6
Coral Gables Academ Horse Show.p 28 Aug 44 Nedici s l oi Hutmans Cues COlt. .p 37 Jun Iii Conser uatio Pi'togra li.P 18 Mi 3S
CuRx I Pa tiIs in Cittlt I> I M is I C i tttspi t N W itlin ilie Indluislt.I I tt I 46
Contest C. of C. Farit Bureau.p 1- Jun 18 Paasiies. It0 Mar 36; p :34 Jul -18; I 15 -i ;tge i I Iitoof a'nd Moutt ise S I J i
80 Percent of Fairis in Cotton ]let. .1t 13 Jai 39 1: 21 Apr 11;; p 27 Not 48; p 26 Jan 45. I)T11 Rt-ciiommiteidat ion Withllitd. p I Jan 5
Iowa Challenged iy Eserglades.I 32 Nov 47 It 17 Oct 48. Deal It Remitoes Noted Farn Leader. .I I N\ 1:
Supply, Protein Short.p 10 Jil 43 Retained Placentas Cause Loss.I 20 Set 18 teSotu outy Feaued.It 9 Xiig I,
Cotton, more Urged by Specialist . p 46 Mar 46 Pink EN t .t 11 Oct 39 Detloping Carpet Glass 1astiles p Iio Sep I
Cottonseed Cake Fed to Range Cattle.p -1 Sep 39 Salt I Hinger Retards Fattening. 1- Mar 48 Disturbing Facts-Defctetce Irans. 1) 5lan IS
Cot, Sense.p 28 Nov 47 S crewt Wor mis. I 13 Mar 37; p 13 Apr 37; p 14 Dog Food, Newest Meat Product.p 4 il
(:Ow, Town for a Day.I p 9 May 41 Ott 36: 1) 14 Fell 37; It 13 Jun 37; p 8 Nov Don't Forget Jacksonville.I 1 1 cet I1
Cowart, Odlis Birtts i941- Kissy Rodeo It 13 Feb 41 36; It 4 fu 46; p 4 Mar 46; ;p 8 Mar 46: Drainage and Flood Contro 18 il
Cow-Capital Round-Up p 6 Oct 39; It 7 Fell 40 It 38 'ar 46; p 4 Apr 42; I3 6 May 42; p 23 Ediiorial Comment.I 1IS Dc li
Crisis in Fla. Cattle Industry.P 5 Jan 38 Fcb 41; p 4 Mar 46; p 4 Jun 46. Educiat ion.I 1 De 3-6
Cross-bireeling Purebred Sires.p 30 Dec 48 Spayer, High Pressure, for Grub p 10 Jui 45 Eullicatinl ittu Meaot Graes 4 of I4
Ctb-Miti Iur Iistusseti p 39 Feb 48 S"0tl It JOitts p 7 Oct 44; It 56 Jin 48 Eracliohtend AttWittmtie ott D. erment .p 19 4ti
Sluau Rc uprocal Traie Opposed.p 20 Nov 41 Tail louse from Africa. .p 6 Jun 47; p 22 Apr 47 .rication of Screw Worm.P f 4
C -n i P 4 Tberculos is .-. p 12 Dec 39; p 9 Feb 40 Everglades-Complemetit to Cattle . p 4 S I4
Lac k of Minerals Costing Caltleieti.p 24 Dec 48 Di eli . . 113 Ma 40 Fver Counte Should Be Represented P1 O t I
X Disease Danger Increases 21 Dec 48 Experiment Station.I 18 Oct ,8
DA(:, I ist rit g lats airtight to Ii e (Ed) P 5 fal 43 Experiment Station Budget Cut.p 1) Set 1?
1)51:, G ORGE H D~itt inamit ing Pracl ta.p -10 .Jun 46 Fancy Claims fori Cattle Industry. I. 8 M4ar 4
Beel from, South of the Cattle Country.p 4 liversiieud Farmting at Cki stcO .p 40 Apr 44 Farniing Given in Cottonseed Booklet p 4 Apr 4
Nov 40 ixie Cattlemen Plan IInrase. . 18 Feb 41 Firld D):.-.-.-.P 18 Oit 5
Bliii steaks, "Murphies"; Twin Crops p 4 Aug. 40 County Cattlemen Organize p 14 Mar 38 Fixig the Respinsibility.P 18 Fili 3
Good Grass Alone Isn't Enough.p 6 Jill 40 DOta's' Inspiration ti lit.P 19 May 47 Flon Ctl A bgaitt in .i.melight.P 4 Not 4
N it Florida-Hoie Market.p 6 Apr 40 Don't I -orget I essots of Pst. P 5 Jan 43 FlOod Control i in Limelight. p 4 Nov 4
AtI 1 is "Gtost"' Port. .p 4 M Dor 40 Dig Food, Market Worth Keeping 1p 4 .111 42 Flood Control NeCessaty'.I 18 Oct 37
DAIRv Nots Dried Citrus Pulp in Rations.p 14 .an 39 Flood Control-Spec. Committee.p 6 No N 47
.ai. Nots.-.p 7 Feb 43 Diop in Race Tax Urged. 26 Mar 47 Florida Cattle at Taumpa Fair-.t 2 Mar 4
.p 7 Mar 43 Du. . p 19 Feb 41 Fot rida Cattle I1 Trovittg.p 4 Nov 4i
Alsu Scc trOtt, Hamlit L. DuFiAx. IE Slorida Cattleian-10th Year.- 4 Ott 4t
1) 2IR6 Jal ll Nes-.p 24 May 43; p 20 Jun 45; Florida Cowboy loyal to Vocation.p 19 Oit 42
Assn. Has Ficli Day & Meetinlg. p 13 Aug 37 p 2 Itt 4i Florida Fail.-.-------- 16 Nti St
Bulls Most Dangerous Farm Aninal.pi2 Dec 41 )tn*y Waggoner (Horse if the Month). 21 Florida iHrniaps.---- pI 18 Nr it6
Cattle to be Shown at Tampa.P 19 Dec 41 Sep 43 f i \ t -Florida r icoe .P 4 Mar 37
Coipretetnsite Progratm Held.p 8 Aug 41 DlIttos S68.92 Is Average.--.-.p 23 De 43 Florida Far ns Larger.IP 4 Aprt 1
airyttng is Sidlite to Farmig-.p 10 Nov 37 Finer Group Cottsigtted for '47.p 26 Oct 47 Florida Third as Range Cattle State. .I 4 Apr 4
Dairy Record Piogram.p 13 Oct 39 Breed Assn. roposed. p 28 Mar 44 Florida's Ind. Gets Recognition.P 4 Apr 4
Darlow Judge Well Fitted.p 29 Oct 47 (;rtuipi Headed by Ocalan. p 12 Apr 44 Florida's Meat Requirement.p 4 Mar 46
DeVelopuent aind Progress in 1938. p 8 Jan 39 Piebred Project legtn.I 38 May 44 4-H Clbbels Feed Meat Atimals S 4 et t
Early Plans for the Winter.p 14 Sep 37 DUROC FQHA Initial .h1w.----.s.p 4 Mar 45
Itmiproving Cattle Through Breeding.p 11 Jan 38 Floridians Included in Body.p 62 Apr 41 Friend of Cattle odstry.p 18 May 44
Influence of Women on Dairies.p 9 Dec 36 Go on Display at Valdosta.-.p 46 Feb 46 FSCA Co'lst AtleIntistn to Danger.l.p 4 r i
Laboratory Will Assist Dairymen.p 9 Mar 37 Ocala Sale October 17 8 Oct 46 FSCA DirCtos Meet.an -.p 14 itt 41
Meets Set DUritig June, July.p 36 May 44 DURR.NxIl:c, T. J- FSCA Directors Meeting t Zolfo.p 4 Au-tg 41
Mineral Supplements for Cattle. p 14 Apr 37 Calcitm il Animrl Nutrition. p 14 Jtn 59 FSCA Iitiates Ceink tin Ticks-.p 4 Arg It5
Pasture Cot parisoil p 1 1 Nov 38 Also See Horse of tile Month FSCA Iniis Frahec n it Orlat . .- p 4 e 46
PutrPOse K- Possibilities of Organiz.P. 8 Jun 38 Dllurraice S15,000 Bull King Grey Bought.pI 16 Ft. Pierce Scene of FSCA Meeting.p 1 -4
Silage for Cattle.p 8 Aug 37 Jun 48 Ft. ire fur Foida Cattle.p 6 .Jttl 48
Supplementing Pastures for Cows. p 12 Sep 37 Builds Show Ring, Barns.p 44 Jul 46 Future of Cattle .stry.p 6 Alr 1
The Dairy Outlook.p 15 Dec 38 Sells 25 to *I,-leo .p i5B Oct 4 Ft Ga. Coip Coot FSCA.p 6 Sep 48
The ltiry World Tomorro.p 15 Mar Olettttg Irings. $1175 at Horse Sale p 10 Dec 46 Ga. Leads Way in Show-Sale Facility. p 4 Apr 4
2D Miilin Paid airymen P 14 Jtn 45 R h Gets ilue Ribbon-Arcadia .p 25 Dec 44 Good Year.-p 18 Oct 37
AiOuss, TAYLOR E. Duirl Herds 24 Purebred Cattle More p4 Dec 40 Gov. Securities Purchase.p 4 Dec 45
At, Outsider loiks t Florida's C. d W8 E Grade Letter Designations Oitdered.p 19 Set) 42
Febl 38 ECud., WAlE K Green Cross for Safety.p 4 Jun 46
aytota Ret Stiede Salt Sick.p 14 Aog 48 A c Cler Solves Big Problem 9 Se 8 Growth of Cattle Shows.p 18 Fell 3
Horse Races Seduied.p 42 Nov 48 Alnic cs Of Faon- Machincilett. -I. t 6 Aug 40 Herd Headers.p 14 Jun 4
Date Rodeo.----. .p 12 Aug 43 Economics of Fari lachinerN >.- I1 7 Jilg 41 i Herd Management Important.p 4 Selt 41
Death Retoores Florita Firmer (Ed). p 4 Nov 43 Editorial office M cie 4 Jul 10 Highwa- Safety.p 14 Dec 36
Decade of Fr Legisltion.p 10 Jan 40 EDItORiALS i Moves.p 4 ti 42 Hog BItletin Is Released.p 4 Jan 46
DIIIT-Recomnendatiot Withheld (Ed) p 4 Jan 45 Aberdeen-Aigis 8reed Advance. Nov 4( How Much Longer?.p 18 Apr 37
FTel'mmen withhiesd (Ed p 4 Jun 45 IIo F o oof atdtu Moth p 4 Hudgins, Walter J., Passes on.p 4 Aug
Field ests Gien ith Livetock.p 6 Jn Admirable selection l 4 Hurricane Season.p 14 Ji -1
Largc-Stle Test Completed.p 16 Oct 46 Xriltlutal GelI- s -I l 4 Ikes' Trapping Idea for Everglades. .p 19 'Sep 42
TsDe scribed.i 29 Mar 4 Annual Coinctio, rSCA .- 2 Fet 42 Interest it, Short Distance Racing p 6 Jun -7
Uses Compied by U.S.D.A. Men. .p 18 May 46 Anttu. iCAConi nt.4p 18 Nor 4 Keep the Farm Family Well Fed.p 4 Jtun -2
Deferments, New Filing Required .p 14 Apr 4 Anthr I -C' ssmm'sp.porttity.p 18 Ott 3
Deficienicis, in Food and Livestock.p 8 Oct 42 Another rrolge s.--P 18 Apr 39 Kissimmee Valley ttrndowtn.p 14 jil 4
D tR.otherng, gtttsss if. rgpsd. 18 A tg 38 Labor Paper Decried O PA Policies.p 4 Aug 45
.e.i g P Arti 1 18 Oct 38 Lambert Herd it, Field Day.p 4 M
hliree New Soil Con. Practices.p 6 Dec 43 Argeitie f------------ 4 2 l Legislative Riittnd-Up-.p 18 tn 1
Denver, Has Florida Participants. p 36 Mar 46 Argetine Stltisn I itt- -1 14 N 4(1 Legislative Year--. p 18 Mar :!9
DeSoto County Featured (Ed).p 9 Aug 47 rtiinn sks Ctlle tt t 4 JBttg 42 Legislature-1943 Model .p 4 18Ma 439
AsH.e1.p 1 Aug 47 ARll, afford c, t-t 14 Let's Get Down to Business at Ocala.p 4 Nov 43
Cattlemen Produce Better.-p 14 Aug 47 Asscition Mrket-Herd I1rOemet 18 tt 38 T Rei. Co. to Ewse. 1 lan 44
Development, A Dairy Calf.p 9 Aug 38 Aucrs Gets FSCA Sttpport p 9 Atg 47 Livestock C tiding. Xecs Pc. p 4 Jay II
DHIA Reflects Economic Status.p 12 May 37 Aversiets--------------. Jig 1 Livestock Indts Po infearock 1 4 Jun 44
Dinsme Scene of Field Day.p 21 Jon 41 entuen. tt---------------p NI .i.s Livestock Industry's job in Wartime.p 4 Aug 42
IRCOREs .eef for Hote Use Needed. 4 MIa 40 Livestock Numbers at Rcord Higes .p 2 Mar 42
Angus Bhredery.ry. Be4-fit Nof 4il .14May 42- Livestock Production Trends p 18 .Ju1 n8
-AgsBds -etoy- c-----y.-.P 6-1l Nov 47 eehs of tIe Pasture Program. 13 J t 9 Livestock S1.os Itpott. .p 4 .t'l 12
50 B lrah an H erds L isted 1 ]ctN 4 7 ai R outitg N eede t . t 18 FL 7 ouisia a C ttlc cm Opotanse Subsidy. 4.- M ay -
5)1 uthm tutan Hre ry.te.-It i31 Oct 43 Blackleg e .-4 look at Ile Assi tion .e.titig. p 18 Jeb 39
Blralan Director-.p 2311 I(an -7 'regntl*e*- p 1Noter the PoLuit Nn ttrl s iii, Op eat.se Not- 44
Brahtan Directory .p 22-lI Jan 47 1 tod s- --F 7 i 47 Lykes Io el I Desks tedi o State .p 1 9 Sp 4
F la B r e e d e r s L is ted . . . . . . . p 8 1 .1 1 c e t A ss t A p t r a is e rs to V is it F a. I9ku g 7 Ly r io t) o K g o m, o f th e S u n t 4 J.tt 4
H eF l iol d l rc e de 's D i c t o r . . p 1 8-I I F e b 4 7 i F r i ta s S t o c k I n d . 1 1 ite b :o !) M a r k i n d i an td I -a c- PO s s e d u -. . . 4 J I 4 -
Dict Butsing Of Livestock. P 16 May 39 hut X i it .t ) 'I -l Aug 46 Mark -nd Brand aw a. .p 1 Nut 45
gIst-sts ANt PARASITcs Cc r -- 3-6 X g I Marketing FaXiiilits Re[ect Growil 1 18 Not :17
8ag's tI Nt- 36; p II Jul 38; p Sep C tIll, It I 1 Aug I 4I Thomas StIattc s Revered 1p Oct :7
18 I I c 4; t Dec 40; p 4 42; Cittle I u ietTau pit Sio.-i 18 Fel 39 AIeat Adv. Strikes Popular Chord.p 18 seb 48
Ju l hu" Cav itl and Li'oik uit State lcuis.-p 2 Feb 42
Blackleg-p 5 Nor 37; p 16 Feb 39; p -4 July C le i Tl, Ilft-- ---- -------- 16 Oct :1 M Grd Sh d--- i---- s-d. 18 4 3
li; It I Jil 46. C I ilt .s N .C. NeF. . I X 38 Gradi rs i n .g I CI D isp 1 Ap
Cocklc-itr otstning-p 16 Oct 37; p 33 Oct 43 C iii 1,11 d for New Xt ii t .i 1 Art 45 Nsdsaert (-tingt .h t.il--.- apr 3
Cr'otalaria' Good Cattle Feed.p 6 Aug Il Ca Itt I i wait Action in Ceatit.i 4 A-X 4t) N dti tau il. Ig- 4Ma -I
DDT It 13 Aug 41; it 22 Mit 4i; p I] No 4- Cattttui Ru letst G tt Ca'binet.] 4 Apr 41 Na--l rcttle it isl P 1 Ati 8
) Ili O ct 45 ; 1) 4 Sep 45 C o zam n Q u e tio A p r ~46 N assauring .'. N oI t i at i . P 4 38 1
Ii t Ot 1 t Sp -5. il, iilii liuutll ticud Schirig. p 6-li Nov 48 N,-, De-al -Xsktth Cut- titlipa Shos-.It I8 Jull 38

38B Coral to Editorials 1936-1949 INDEX
The Florida Cattlemlan










New Field ScrlairN eeds Coperat ion. 1p 4 Oct 47 What Is the Right of Ownership?.p 14 Sep 10 Finish flogs to No. I Silt .p Aug 44
New Goa'Is AtitoiiIced by AAA.p 1 Nov 43 Why I Wrote "Right of Owoership". -l Oct 40 Finishing Range Steers Without Grtin.p 15 Sep 13
New Marketing System -Soul It Fla. .1P 18 Jun 38 WI1% Quotu ScsIceum Is Itequitable.1p 19 Feb 11 Five Committees Adise OD'I.p 29 Nov 43
New Sleat Order-Assoc. RectoIiIeid.p S p IIl Will It Be Deer or Cattle.p 18 Sep 37 Five 4-11 Boss Win Tripis to Nietttpihtis.p 15 Jul 41
Nttt Ottlook ot thlit Ctitle lttlttstry P IS .l Od Fires .o.o.I. t 18 fll ;7 Fixing the Rlespotsibilitr (Ed). p 18 Feb 17
Nwi PastUe I rogratt Sought.) 18 Aug 37 Wood-fButting Conitent.p 18 Aug 37 FLAGe CtN-Ridir 1-Hert.p 53 Mar 46; p 52
N It inting Plai, New \iagauitie.p I u 41 EttoRs DIsK 3 Aug 43 Mae 46; p 411 Sep -16; 1 30 Oct 46; p 35
Nciwspaper T reatment of Tick Slt-r%. .1p 4 f:b I6 Edu I tca t ioni- Jul 46
Next Nlonth's Issue of interest. t 2 eb 42 0N Meat Grades Would Iitep (Ed). p 4 Aug -19 FlIgg Fails to Stke Davie Ridet.; 12 Atg 46
i) lI Stotk Shitust. Aii It tProgra Needed Iv Cattle Industry p 17 Feb 41 Lick i the Leg .p 24 Apr 46
196 Spring Show Season.P 4 Jan l6 Ott education (IEt).p 1i- DeC lI Sicieor Hftts FittMalls. Cttes COit. p 37 Jun 46
No itie foi LOafirs.p 4 Nla 41 EIA to su K. JR' Flttu CONtui.
o1\ Ation [Itoraties Cattle Ind. p 4 Jtt It K. Idwiards Ranch.p 7 Feb X ry Flootd FeAr.P 52 Mtt 48
011A Another Yea P ftl 46 lit ttt ttN ketitg Calyes.p 6 Itt I7 Benefits and Flood Loss Data. p 13 Dcc 47
OPA Comparable to Ditatorsltip.pi I Say 46 Ed ads H tlad Angus Cattle Earlv.p 312 Jan 46 Cariefil Study NW water piroblets. 4. Dec 46
Open Range lidering oi Closed.p 4 Jat 46 It)itaids Ranh. I K., The.p' 7 Feb 37 Cattle Feed in Flooded Area 12 Dec 47
Opportunity to Ioli westernn Slarket. p 6 Sep 47 Efrct Of Drought oi Sitketiig.p 7 Oct 3)6 Cottittee to Find SoteN .t 2 Nov 48
Orangt Co. DI 'lest.p 4 Sep -15 flitient Fa mitrng Vital .p 26 Aug 41 Discussedt-Okeechobec.p il Nti 47
Orderir Slarketing Desirible.) 4 li 44 Emuni, Dr., Reappointed State Sec. .1p 20 Felt Discuss NSater i Sarfir. .p i Jl 4t
packer-irodtcr Plit-Icat Control.p 4 Star 43 Eiperto Leased to xan.p 4-ii Jan 47 Drainage and Flood-COntOl IS l 37
Pasture Conferinre.t 18 Jun 38 Enlightened Attitude (Edt).p 19 Nov 2 Flood Damage Reports Sought.1 15 Dec 47
Pasture Dcelop niti .1 18 Setl 37 Fo -Nots. p 12 Ni\isI ; p 1li June43: i 25 Aug13 FlioOd Losses iount .p i fll 48
Pastile )eelopitent lrogiess.p 18 Jun 39 Essar Contest I)ea-dline August I.p 21 Aug 44 Floods itrluddle Slarketing Scene. p 1 Aug 48
Pasture Tour a Suciess.p 11 Nov 39 Essertials of Daili industi.p 16 Sei) :18 Kissimmee Vallev Turridoti .p 14 Jan 40
iastuir Tour Grows Up .p 14 Sep 39 %erg lades- Flood Contit) it Limtielight .p I Nov 45
Pepper-Slaiughter Quotas.P 4 No 4:1 Complement to Cattle Industry (El) 1) 4 Mta' 42 Flood Control, Navigation Dilicult.p 6 Jun t I6
Permianti Reiognition of Mavo.p 4 .an -4 4 Field I)a Completes Feeding Trials. .1p 7 Jun 43 Flood Control Neessars.p 1 Oct :17
teis o and Seurit.p 1IS Not' 37 Extirimeit Station- Projects in Kissimmee, St. John.) 25 Selt 41
Political Let ies.t 18 Felt 38 What Workers Doing for Cattle Ind. p 12 Aug 38 Radebtrugh Attends Fund Hearing. .P 6 May 18
Post War i Expansion in Ruial Phone l) 4 Jun 45 Editorial.It 18 Oct 38 Ratlebtgh-Crserrtio hearings. 14 I S i 48
Piretiet of Feed Outlook .p 4 Mar 46 Budget Cut Nine Percent (Ed).p 19 Sep 42 Special Coumittee 1 Nov 47
Prices Good. Herds Laige.p 6 Jul 47 Dairr Herd.p 14 Mar 9 S36 Million Is Local Shalte.p 18 1 Feb 48
Progress Is Noted in 11aig's Control .p 4 Jun 42 !\enl Tour Florida.p 8 jilt I8 Units Important to food Prog1irti .ia 10 Scp 48
Progress Rportcd in Breeding .p 19 Oct 42 Excellent Market for Feed Steers.p 8 Star 41 Water Coniseration Dithes 15 Dec 40
Prop-sed Freight Inicases.p 18 Juii 38 W ater Control Desirable . 1 Aug -
Publi Ignoiant tif Fla. Ca-tic Ind. .1p 4 .Aug 4:3 F W ater Control foi' 1 lorii .i. 4 Sell i
lisublicity Will Akill Meat Sales.p 18 Mav 38 Facts About Florida Beef.p 7 Jun 38 water Control Ma M ea Mut P.p I Itl .1
Quaranrine Lifted, Hendry, Collier. p 4 Nov 44 Fall Livestock Pointers p 7 Oct 38 Water Cont rol Pioblem . 1 .1 Jia 5
Radebatigh Attending Fund learing.1p 6 May 48 Facitious Blood Lines Represented.p 16 Jan 42 Water Control--State Wide CI tice. it. tp 6 Dec -47
Range Shows Shor Progress 1 Dec 15 Fancy Claims for Fla. Cattle.p 4 Mar 45 Nater problems I ocal in Nature .P 4 Jun 4
Real Facts ott Meat Situation Oist ic ted p 3 Dec 43 Farm-- Florita-Catttleman's I oth Year (Ed).I 4 Oct 45
Relief Slust Cotie.p 16 Oct 42 Bureau.p 21 Dec 41 A Brief Look at Cattle Ind. (Ed).p 13 Felt 36
Religion of the Co Man .p 14 Dec 39 Fences.p 8 Oct 39 Breeders Snap NVestcert plrebreds. .1p 25 Jun 4I
Reiember the Date. 18 Oct 39 Florida Among Top 14 States.p 4 Mar 46 Buters at Rhinebeck Sale.P 17 ull 44
Reimoing tile Core.p18 SMay 37 Land Too Hfigh.p 24 Jun 46 Buyers Take TOP Animals Moultrie 6 Dec 42
Revilving Loan Fund for I-H .p 6 Apr 47 Lablor Necessa i.p 4 fDec 42 Cattle Impotil ig I N its'-16
The Rollback?-What Now?.p 4 Jul 43 Vets See U. of F. Beef Herds.p 8 Oct 46 Cattleman Attends Internat'l.t 5 Jan 41
Salite to the BiaIan Breed 1p 4 Oct 43 Fats Conservation Drive Undercay.p 5 Sep 42 Cattle industry.1) 7 Apr 38
Sciete Worm Fradication Suggestion.1I 4 Marr 46 gFat Stock Showe Planned.p 7 Aug 39 Cattle .ustry Fa 4i'e.p 8 J 4t
Serious Infestation of Ticks 8 Dec 48 Fatten Cattle, To.p 10 Feb 41 Cattle Industry Proiding Halt. S-p 47
Series Piobliis Face Cattlemen .p 20 Jai 43 Fat Hogs.p 22 Oct 48 Cattle Maor Source Of Nealth .1 42 Apr 47
Shows.p 18 Oct 38 Feature Altead for South.p 21 Oct 41 Cattle Outlook Giei by SIa o.p 27 Mar 41
Signs of Florida's Development. 18 Jun 37 Teed-Feed Is Short Use It Wisely.p 16 Mar 46 Cotblov Is i Oal to llis Vocation pr 19 Oct 42
Soil Building Feature of Livestock. .1p 4 Apr 45 Dealers Act to Spreal Protein.p 8 Apr 43 Dair Indlusts Aided by Researci. .1) 13 Fel) 40
Soil Conservation I,]*igrain .p 18 Felt 37 Feder-Cilf Sale io G'ville.p 30 Oct 48 Detlopment Drais Public Attention. P 4 STar 44
Some of the Best Nivws-Ads.p 4 Slay 42 Calves Bring S20 Average.p 38 Nov 48 F Fir (d). P 16 Nov 36
Southeast Top Rest of Countr ec.1 4 Mar 44 FrrNi F its Cettog 1arger.p 4 Apr 42
Southeastern Fat Stock Show.p 4 Aug 43 See Also Shealy, A. L. featured in Utility Firm Copy.p 38 lay 47
Soitueastern Show Contributed .p Apr 16 See Aiso W c. W. F. Fetr.---.p 16 Dee 41
South Florida Daiiring .p 18 Jul 38 Belle Glade Trials.p 15 Jul 44 Gits is Nation Drops.p 28 Apr 46
South Leads in 4-H1 Club Memlters.p 44 Fell 45 Cinte Shows Up Well.p 18 Nov 42 CGItirthIi Of the Fat Stock Shoe.P 11 Fel 3
Spread of Ticks.p 6 Slay 47 Cattle Feed in Flooded Area.p 12 Dec 47 Hantitlitaps (Ed). .p, 5 Mar 37
State Fair Suspends for Duration .p 4 Jun 42 Ciirus Feed Proving Out.p 28 Dec 47 Het( Listed at Jackson.p 36 Nov I5
Staterient by Neie Osners of F. C.13 8 Dec 40 Citrus Feeds Valiuable-Ona.p 11 Oct 48 11ilistri Gets Recognition .p 4 Apr 42
State Must Provide for U. of F.p 4 Sep 46 Citrus Feeil Trials-Lake Wales. p 18 Dec 48 Leads Nation in Cattle Gains.P 9 Sa.1 43
State Pavilion Construction. 6 Aug 48 Citrus Pellets Produce Profit.p 20 Dec 48 Liestock Nlat kets.p 7 Oct 39
Still in a Iiiuddle.p I Jun 43 Clewiston Research Contribution.p 4 Feit 45 Sar hits top Bull it Lambert.p 5 Nov 42
Still Slore About Ticks.p 18 Apr 40 Creep Feeling on Increase.p 13 Apr 40 19412 Floida State Fair.P 14 Ja 42
Stockmen Pledge Aid in "Hog-Ticing" p 19 Dec 42 Dried Citrus Pulp in Dairy Rations.p 14 Jan 39 Offet itig Sell foir Acerage S156.45 p May4
Stock Shioics Resumed.p 4 Aug 44 Efficient Use of Feeds.p 13 Dec 42 Partin Is Pres. Of Brahrait Breeters.p 6 Seit 44
St. Pete Bank Starts Loan Fund.p 4 Apr 46 Eetrglade Cattle Tests Complete.p 23 Mar 41 Pastire Pla nts Comparei m Tale. 12 Set
St. Pete Cottetion .1 6 Dec 47 Fattening Tiso Cattle per Acre.p 8 Jun 46 Plaits Ctompleted foi Cattle Shos.p 8 Jl 39
Sugar Corp. Breeding Herd.p 4 Jit 44 Feed for Maximum Production.p 15 Oct 42 Piuebreds ott 1,trade. -Pa
St iter Couit Issue .p 1 Jul 46 Feed Grins Improved.p 13 Nov 39 Ranges and Range Cattle. i Sep 38
Sal] Soon to Catch tip seith Demand.1p4 May 43 Feed Trials Complete-Clewiston.p 7 Jun 43 Reqtires 1,165.000 Pounds Meat (Ed) p4 Mar '16
Tail Louse From Africa.p 6 Jun 47 Feed Trials Begin at Clerciston.p 18 Mar 41 7th Sholw Opens relt. 24. 1 26 Jt 41
Tampa's Stockyards \first Fill Need. .p 4 Apr 45 Grases, Corn. Feed-Belle Glade.p 14 Jul 48 Shitts it loolti ie. .p 12 Oct 41
Te1-Pioint programm Offers Little.p 4 Jun 45 Ground Velvet Beans, Corn.p 10 Feb 19 Source of IFetdel.p 1 Oct 'I
The Covet .p 6 Nov 47 Half of Cotton States Acreage.p 13 Oct 38 Statistics on Seat Piodction. p 6 Nov
They're All Good Men-Vote.p 6 Mar 48 Feeding Methods.p 13 Oct 39 Steets Ctute T01 -orors a2t jax.p 6 4ar3
36 Ass'n. Represent ffq Counties.p 9 AXg 47 Kidder Gives Steer Feed Results.p 21 Oct 47 3rd in South in Ileef Cattle. 2 Jut
Three Years Old.p 18 Oct g9 Money Spent for Feed Pays.p 7 Nov 39 10 Yrs. makes s IDifflerece ill Positioni.t 5 july 4II
Tick Case Developments.p 14 Mar 40 Ona Field Dav--Wintre Feinog.p 18 Apr 47 Fi46itt StATE CsTTLEMFNs AssociATION
Tick Eradication Safeguarded.p 4 Jtl 46 Peanut Hay Has Value.p 5 Nov 44 Aggressive Spirit-Cleiston.P. jan 46
Tick Eratlication Stymied Again.p 18 Feb 40 Previese of Feed Outlook.p 4 Mar 46 Ancient City to Ite 'lost to.l 14 Ja 40
Tick Menace .p 18 Ap 39 Some Steer Feeding Results.p 6 May 39 Annual Convention.-. 14 Jr 46
Sick Problem Near Solution.p 18 Jun. 37 Stees Without Grain.p 15 Sep 43 Aiinal Convention.p 18 Nv 37
Tick Situation DeserVes Cooperation.p 41 Ma, 46 Winter Grains Provide Early Feed.p 10 Oct 39 Annual Couentiol at Ocala.p 9 Jan 38
Ticky Deer.p 18 Felt 48 Feeding-and Slanagement of Steers.p 4 Nov 36 FSC Asks Amentrent to Lase.p 13 n4
Tickv Deer Case.p 18 Jau 38 Feeding Cattle on Grass Pays.p 10 May 40 Assessments Set for Local Assoc.p 12 Sar 4
Ticky Deer Situatior Bobs up Again p 2 iMar 42 FitON. E. R. Association's Annual Meetig.p 6 an 39
A Ttddler Salks.p 14 Dec 36 Citrus Feeds Vailuable-Ona.p I Oct 48 Assortition Consention.p 14 Nov 39
To tine Governor.p 18 Apr 37 Citrus Feed Proving Out.p 28 Dec 47 Assutiationt Sleets at Raifort. p 14 jul 3
A Toigh jol.p 18 Jun 37 Fence-Largest Post Plant at Ona.p 14 Jul 47 Assoituon Neet During Sar Period p 18 Jun 4
Treatise ott Bang's Disease.p 4 Mav 42 Post Co. Adds More lachlinery.p 10 Jun 48 Benefits Cited at Fort Pierce p 18 jun.4
Trespass Case.p 27 Feb 41 Fentcing-HighwsaN.p 5 Star 37 C. C. Best Fieldnan for FSCA. p 12 Aug 45
Truman Takes Wise Step.s 4 Dec 46 Fertilization Is Discussed.p 19 Nov 45 Big Plas Iaide in Okeechobee.p 13 Jan 41
USSC Doing Convincing job. 24 Oct 44 FFA-Pines Prove Profitable.p 21 Jan 48 BlrOson Heads FSCA. p 5 Dec 46
Victory! Let's Get Rid of Controls.p 14 Oct 45 Boys Irtuone Is 55001.p 26 Jul 46 Bronson Re-Elected Head FSCA.p 16 jan 48
Nage-Hour 'Muddle.p 14 May 40 Herefords, Bralinans to Chapters. p 46 Dec 48 Brorcin Courention Speaker. p 17 jan4
The Wage-Ilour Act.p 14 jul 46 Geraci, Williams Receive Aweards p 32 Apr 48 Budget Given Nou by Membets. p 8 Feb 44
NWage-1Io11 Lase modification Urged p 19 Dec 42 Sale Is Scheduled for Starch 3.p 30D Mar 48 Cattle on Highwass Aguin. p 16 No3
uinriglut Bill.p 6 jin 47 Sarasota Boys Entering Jr. Classes.p 32-II Jan 47 Cattle on Highiavs-sProrlem.p 4 Dec 46
a Committee Permits Judging.p 4 May 45 Field Dai-At Anthony Draws 400.p 11 Nov 44 Cattlemen's Conentio .p 26 jan 41
War anket.p 14 Sei 39 The Field Day (Ed).p 18 Oct 37 Cattlemen Urged to Attini Convntion.p 4 Nov4
Sarer Control May Mean Much.p 4 Jul 42 uield Day at U. of F. Aug. 4.p 20 Aug 44 Charter Adopted at Orlando. p 33 jan 47
Iter Control for Florida .p 4 Sep 43 Field Day August 2.p 11 Aug 46 Citrus Pellets Produce proit.) 20 Dec 48
\arer Control Problem.p 4 Jan 45 Fifth Annual Field Day Mar. 10.p 10 Feb 39 Contests for 4-11 and 11 bys. p 6 APr 48
Water Control Program Desirable. p 4 Aug 44 Figures of Producer Mislead (Ed).p 4 Dec 45 Consentioni at Arcadia .p 5 Jan 44
Water Control--Wide Concern.p 6 Dec 47 Final Plans for the 1938 Calf Crop.p 6 Apr 37 Conventitn a St. Pete .p 7 Nov 47
%auer Problems Local in Nature.p 4 jun 45 FiNer, F. H. Convention in p 6 Jan 43
Welcome to Gulf Cattlemen's Group.p 5 Aug 43 Tribulations of a'n Argentine.p 6 Aug 38 Coleut ion in Panaria Cit.p 4 Jrn 40
What Is Free Press?.p 14 Nov 39 Finest Collection of Track Horses.p 18 Dec 44 Coopieation Reported Its resident .p 8 Jul 41


for January, 1950 1936-1949 INDEX-New to FSCA 39










Cowpundces M aN be Dcfecrred . . p) 3 Nov .12 GATII SIDNE J. Bought Fri redr. Apr4
Dangerous Situation .p1 4 '.\ill 45 Thei Souith Sets the Stage .p1 6 Out 40 Bollh" by o l iill-boro-g Aa 1 F A b .11
December Date Gixcen FSC:A Meect.p 13 Dec 45 GenerIaI Pill. Ignorlant Cat. (Ed) .---1 4 Atig -3 I l hN (;ood o ough Nlallur. 110 Feb '11
Director-S at Zolfo .p 43- Aug 416 Geraci NewN Head Angitsmen .p 1) 5 A\Ill G6 Bull, Giveo B\ Tallahlassee C. of C. 1) ]1 Dec -14
Directors M eet p 1-1 full 40 Get aI Call Crop. 1) 1 Sul, 38 Bull, to Be Sold--Kissy. Mlarket. 1 8 'M ay 418
FSCA Endlorses Ilriinciples-Volers'.13 22 May 414 Gibson Sale Like Oak, Bull $1525 1 21 Jan 47 Coin Conwcst Pries .p 28 Oct -Il
Eierv CounIty Should ble Rep~resentedl.p) 4 Oct 417 Goals Hicalicy Cimtle M~arketing .p 1) Jan 4: ) :FA Chapicr Fxpcrimenus ithl Bull 1) 14 Mac- 11
Excutiie Committee Named p 10 Jan 47 Goldenll orse Qualilications .p1 241 Apr -16 15 M uteed inl *Mai Aumtin. 1 28 Mar -it
Fall Meeting Set for* Kissimmee .p1 10 Oct 41 Golden Hor-scs of Mlor-oco. .p 1 8 Olt 'is 13 Of .Ierced ill jilne Sak 1 11 Jun 43
Farml Fences 1 8 Out :I! Good Gr~ass Not Eniough .p1 6 J)til 4o G;oup Names Mlthews [,II a .p 1) 1 No% 45.
Field Da:I Planned-kissim mne 1 12 Feb 41 Good, A Yea,]r (Ed) .p 1) I Oct 73 Larry is One, of top 1 51 Aug -17
Field Secretarn Needs Coopurationl.p 4) Oct 47 GoeN cor -Th le GoveN llor (E~d). p 18 Apr. 37 Iloic 1l han 100 inl Gadsden Illerds.p -12 lun 18
S500 Reward Offer-ed .p1 8 Oct 48 IS Pleased \\'ill Ra ing .p1 32 Apr 47 Nloullrie M a-r 23 Sale Set 1 18 \ill, .14
Flood Control Discussed-Okeechobee.p) 10 NoN 47 Speaks ;it Annual Dairy Field Day 1 8 Olt 13 MolreSale Reporl 1 7 Jail i4
Full Timec Secrectary Pr-oposed .p 14 Fel l 11 Go me nti Scuritic, Sound (FA) 1 12 Dec -15 N w Pla-l ;it 19.19 Sale .p 1) 8 OIL '1
Georgi1a GrOu~p 11001 10 FSCA .p1 6 Sep) 48 Grading Caile . 1 5 AIli 39 1918 Show and Sale p 52 Apt, .8
Haimlillon Trespass Case 1 10 jan .11 GIZAmitcl. H. J. Pevicrs Finds Brvoward Good For*.p1 20 Aug 16
H~ardee Stockmeni Vost Rewvard. 1 23 Fub 41 Turniing Again to Livestock 1 6 Atig :19 Pue's, G;loss s1:1.930-Mlay Ili. 1 32 .111 417
IlighwxN;1, Safce%. .9 1 4 Dec 36 Grand Champimn Steel, It) jacksonm ille.1) 22 F-eb 41 Popular ill Almriml .p1 20 .[l 17
Look at [lie Association Mccling .p1 18 Jan .19 GrIlandson o I S 12,5 00 11ul CImI SouthS llIII. 1 18 Jult 43 I'rod uci lg Qualmt fleet .p 14 --11 ]-b l) 7
FSCA MNay Mccl inl Nmo.mber .p 14 1-10 t 46 GRASS FRIxS R~amgc Bulls Averagc S29-1. 44-1 full 18
FSCA Mects all So. Pcic 1 18 Oct 417 See Also Grceen, S. W. Record EndIIlres to Prsn .p 4)'4 Se) 418
Landers Shooting NMay Ie Discussed.p 45 Nom 18 Aiiona Caltlemen Ask Forest C:oi. .13 4 fill 12 Report ol Miouhric Sale 1 10 Apfr 13
Manlpower Crisis ill Agr-iculture .p1 18 Mar 45 Burnting the( W oods .p1 5 jul 37 Sale :11 Ocala' Set. 27 1 7 Set) 3!l
Miamians Arrested for- RLIStlilg .p1 19 Fb) 411 Burni to Develop Caipet Glass Pas. .1 19 Sell 42 Sale Sclctionls to be Annloun~ed .p1 18 fln .8
Nlid-Ycilr \feet at F-ort PiceC. 1) J1til 48 ForeStrN as Complemenc t ill Grafinlg.p 1:3 Feb 43 Saloe Shapes ( 1 For Mar 18-19 1 9 Mlau 13
FSCA Nlid-Ycar \feet at Palmdale. 1 12 Aug 417 Wood Fircs .p1 18 Jul :17 Sh Xw PlanlS Bcinlg ad~e.p1 34 Dec 18
M id-Year Mceliing.p 1) IS .1 n1 :19 W oods- Bitr.1ing Comment .p1 18 Aug :17 State Sale Febh 20-21._.it 8 Jim 417
Nassau C0Unty% Now Affiliated .p 1). Mar -15 Gcass, Breeding. W illful Feuding .p1 8 Fc'b 43 State Sh01w PlanneId Full 17 . . .1 3 ( Ap 1)1 1M
,No Fenlce' Legislation 1 9 M ay 45 Great Southeasternt Sale M4ontgomiery.p 141 _\ r 4m-2 Sell at N Ioil IIr-iv. p 2.1 S l) .11
No hill, at '13 Convention 1 15 Dec 42 Grecen C:loss for Safety (F'(I) p 41 Jun 46 SeConld Sotheastevil Sale .1) 10 .\Ili -12
No Fills, Kissimmc( 1 20 Jan 43 GRFEEF. S. W. Southecast keeps Many-jacklson Sale p 9 Nov %42
\mv. 1 115 Dates 101 CoINCentionl.p 14 NOV 46 The Forest Thoat Fite Mlade.p1 5 Aug 17 :Il Sent it) Kum t( k\ 1 22 Aug -1
Open Range Borderinig oil C:lose([.p ) -1jan '16 Ele of F ires onl Organi( fatter. 7 Sell 37 \\,It Avc W hat IThcv Ate 1 10 Fulb -0
FSCA Opposes Live Ceilings .p 13 A 1(1 43 Ifc( of Fires onl Orga-ni( ',atter 1 7 Ott 37 eeod ole asr ill Southeast IN 21 J n4
O ra d i s S A M e . . . t e 6 Grecilands Sell 1) .7 Sell -Ii Began ill 1900 .p 1) 1- No\ 4S
P'Li City 1945 Convention Site 1 13 fail 415 Grlliins Hosts to W ash. Cattlemen 1 7 Jul 43 Sell at Moultiie.p1 24 Sul) 1.4
Ploli(N Adopted ill O lndo. p -1 Dec 46 GriggS ReCeieS Jer*Se) Club Cup .p1 19 full 41 Sale at Moultrie .p1 10 Jan 1-,
Prloblemls Fac Cattlemen .p1 20 Jan 413 Growing Beef onl ilhe Farm .1) 10 No\ :is Sell Dc. 9 .p1 10 No% 43
Problems MaN Come ill FSCA Conv. 13 141 Nom 4S Glrnse\-Field Day at Dinsmore p 21 Jun -41 V exas-TIo I hel Southeast. .1) 4- Mfav 3!f
Radcbatigh Named 1)y FSCA.p 141 '\aI\ 48 Breeders Field DaN, Dinsmore 1 10 Ma\ -11 Ilerd--Finan illg of Bitlls-Waltonl.p ) )jan 41
Assoc. Rep. at Rail Rate Hearing. 1 10 Jan 38 Cattle Club Organized p 12 Apr- 38 Headcrs ( Ed ).p 1) 1 J.utl 40
R esolut iotis-Okech blet.p1 241 Feb 411 Conlsignors Named foi- Sale .p 1) I Aug 42 Malmagemenlt 11mportanit ( Ed) .p 4). Sep 44
'Retiring.' Not Bashful p 12 Jan 4 -i Dinmmore Flotilla, Nlilk Retold 1 12 Apr 412 Herniando-Field ]);I Held inl July. .1 48 Sep) 46
Sanilarx Board Mccts-FSCA Leadlers.p3 20 Max 46 Five Bulls and Cows to be Sold .p 9)! Mar !, Scond Shoow No\. <> .1 23 No, 46
St. A ~guIstinIC I ost OldeSt InduILstr). .1 5 Dc 41,1 L~algo Sale Olt. :it.p1 40 Oct 46 Stock Shiw 0((. 30 .p1 41 No% 48
St. le((- Com mention p 6 Due -17 0,1 19 Salc D)ate p 29 Apr, 44 HV'rrmann' (;ets H igh ABB.\ Office. .13 : Apr, 48
Stalc Mcclig, No%. 17, Ocala .p1 28 NoN .13 Sale ;I( Lar-go Oct. 20 .p 1)-19 Out 47 Hialeah. Lim Giics ties[ Dates .p 1)40 Jull .7
Summeri Coniference-june 28 1 6 jun 411 Guivrnscys-Breakl Record inl Largo. 1 6 Olt .12 Hides-Careful TIakling Necessary. 1) NoN 15
Supremc Court-lFavor of Landowner p 25 jan 411 Avera;ge S385 in (;th Selling 1 29) Dec -14 Dis(rimlinationl Againlst oil Waie .p 1) Apr, 15
Suipremei Court Iliar.s Tr'espass Case.p 10 jan .1 tiling S298 at Largo .p 1)-7 Duc 47 Handle Cilrtfully For* War, P-fo't 1, 1: J1an 441
Taking C.'lttle off Highways p 5 Out 36 55 Slit at Largo, Oct. 25 .p 1) :Ii (t 415 Highl Price.s Noted inl Beef Miart .p 1) ;: Dec 18
3Il Assoc. Represent 39 Counties .p1 9 Aug -17 Gcorgia-Flor-ida Sale. Lake City .p1 8 Out -11 H ighlanlds-Assu. IHIad-Durriance .p1 21 fail 412
TIicks Topic at Sebring 1 10 Dec -IS Gcorgia Show ilp Well 1 29 Aug -11 Cattlemen Keep Aorie.p1 26 No\ 418
Tour of OkechIobeec-C:oni. Featuie.p 14 Jail 41 Gull Pasture Prvogram Underwaiy. .p1 23 jan 41 Farml Income E-stitmated 1 22 No\ IS
Trespass Case 1 26 Jan -11 Gullstruamn Rating Bcgins Dc. I .p1 23 Dec -17 Hiighlights (if Cattle, Vasltre To'ur,. .1 5 Dec '19
Trespass Case 1 27 Feb 41 Lakemmnt one of Largest Hields 1 59 Ma\ -16 H-ighviewv Hurd Passes Iersey Test .p 18 1 Sul) 11
Trespass Case .p1 11 Jan 411 Largo Sets New High A%. $205.67. 1 1 a 1 4 NIl '-1 Highwayr Fecuinig-Duly Road Dept. .p1 5 \[il 37
S25,000 Budget Adopted-Ciciwiston.p) 14 Jail 46 C) homlasville Sit](e 13 :i AligI 441 Ii-Hat Host Al Calf 'Sale .p1 21 Sell 17
TWO PaStureV TOUrS D)uring '%eet.1) 16 No v 48 TO Go ()n Sale at Largo Oct. 21 .p1 6 Olt 43 Hillsboro-Cattle Mer chains .p 131 Atig !iS
VoluSia Ass'ni Alhiliales withI FSCA. 1 10 Aug 47 T1op S 1300, AN rage S41 ]:, Largo .p1 37 Dec 45 Contest. Organized .p1 26 lon 416
Will Problems D~iscussed .p1 5 Jill 42 :18 Average S41041, Fla. Cow Top p 32 No\ 43 Mlarks Y, lirands I.awv Under- Fite .p 1)! Nla 13
W ar Prtoblems-Fecatuire TIalk .p1 8 Fell 42 29 Offered Lake City .p1) 1 (;sep)z 4I Ild-Slar's Slippcry Blmy.p1 15 Dec 43
W illiam., Re-E'lecled p 11 Fell 45 52 Sell at Largo Olt. if).p1 3(j Oct 44. ll(,nci.s, F. NI.
Williams to Represent SE, Chicago .p 1)9 Jul 43 Pellets Prioduc 1,28.93 Profit p 20 Dc 18
Floridianls BLIN Much~l at Tr'i-Suate p 11 Dec 44 H Willer Paslures Are Urgcd p I G Mar 37
Floridianls Sell at D)on'sonville 1 341 Mly 45 H AIJAA DICK Hog-Bletinll is Released (Fol) 1, 1jaii Il
Floridians Rate inl Texas. .p1 33 Mav 48 The Trail of the Golden Ones 1 8 Sep 37 16 PrOfit Can be High .p1 33 No% Il
FonKs. JOIIN HAI.I. oti FAsma Hogs Rzaised BN 4-1-1'crs inl Sanlia Rosir p -I! Sup .17
Sow, Culling Importamt 1 241 Oct 48 M inlor Jones III .p 28 Feb 46 HioldI Evert i'g! 1 5 Nov 39
Food-For. Freedomll. p 23 Nov 41 Henrn L'anier p 15 Aug 415 Holland~ Comml'enid, Plannling .p1 18 MaN -14-
Red ced Siipply Shows Needs. .p1 23 Sulp 43 Thom11a, D. Matthewis .p ,3 Aug 5 H li' ul a c n Jn l.p 2 .1 o
Fo-eCc)fr ar ate . .p 1 e 38 L. B. M( Leod .p 1):1 M ay -16 11l l i BrCeding9 Rcsca"(1h. 1 12 fill :i9
FORD, .1011N Norris C:;title Co p 14-II jai'n 4 6 1 I"hnis Co. Diry Show Su(cssftuI. p12 Dec -1
Farm Bureau News. .1 16 Due 42; Ip 10 Nov 42 Henryl- 0. Partinl. 1 34 Mar 4 6 H1op1,k inis 500, FlOrida, Top Sellelr.p 1)-2 Out -I
F lrwMyes Fail- Feb. 17-22 .p1 19 jat'n 41 Silloluonl Ranch,. p 35 Oct 45 1 lowN~v I .J
Foeat on 5th F at Stock Show.p 12 Feb 39 HIzvrx .Rasonling Vowelr 1, Bcvonld Horscs.p 2:; Feb .17
FORIIms. RANK C. Pastilles Planted, IBulls Bought p 12 Jan 41 Hollis Are Expenive~.l. 1 10 No% -11
Opporluni(y Knockinig at Domr.p1 6 Apr 43 Hampshir-es--New Type Most Popular p 6 Oct 4IS Horse-Agcs Dcecl-rmined by Tlecth .p1 25 Olt Ili
Opporlunity Knocks inl Southeast .p1 7 May 43 HANCOCK ANIAsNA JE AN Group Affiliales 1)'5 Il Il
Fourthi Florida Stock Show (El) p 18 \Mar 3 8 -1 Gill Tells Scret of Success p 25 Mar 41 Im1portanit 10 Ocal's Gala Four-th.1p 12 jun -11
Foulr Ceniuries of Fla. Ranching p of Jan 40 11:1idlt With Care--Not A Bad Label.p) 8 Jan 42 NOW Of Grealev Importanc p 16 My42
4-11 Club-Soudh Leads (El) .p 4) Feb 45 HilrdCC-H ast ings Winis Judging fcct p 3-11 Feb 46 P'lay Vital Role in C::title History. .1 15 Apr, 11
FEffect Is Far-Rcadhing .p 1381 Jan 43 C:attlemlanl BUys 14,000 .p1 17 Jan 411 Pr-ogress Mlade fin Impr-ovilg ;)3 P c !5
Girl TI lls Secrct of Success 1 25 Mfar 41 DiversilN is Kc ynote .p1 8 Sell 45 Reasonim,. POWer Beyond Scope .p 2' Fe 7
AMember s Show 1,000 Steelrs in Ga;. .p1 11 Ang 44 Initerest im Horses Dales Back p 15 Sul) 45 Scond Carloadl-Marion Countly. .1) 16 MaN I I
:l,ooo.ooo Clubbers Feud Mleat Animals p) 4 Dec 45 HARTL.EV, HOWARD Serve for 11 NYe ars 1 46t; 0,14
Four-teenith inl Beef Cattle-Florida 1 6 Sep) 47 Th le Spectre of Kissimmnce Glch p 7 Nov 37 Show mid Racinig ill Jilai) r.p1 25 No% -13
114 Heals Now Repriesented inl Sale p 20 Sep 43 H avana Race Onl March 21 p 46 Mar 48 Show1s, Rodco, KisSi. Apr, 2 .p 1)-8 Apr 18
FQHlA Hav Drie, Mfay Solve Feed problem. .1 10 Apr 38 Honsw ol T1, Il.:NOxN.
Cow Horse Development Draws p 4 Mar 44 HAYMAN, PAUL Alexander 13ord. I. 1)'1 Jarn 15
plans Kissim 'mcc, Arcadia Show .p1 3.5 Sep 44 Livestock and Pdsture fimprovemenctt.p) 9 Nov 30 Baby Sister. . .p 1 29 No\ I I
l om Kill)\ New% President 1 9 N ov 44 W ishes Success; Offers Assistance .p 13 l! all 41 Big ChIief 1 27 Dec -14
ITtiroer Is New, H1ead p 4 7 Sep 47 Heniderson Iac e u iu rcia~ I Atig 43 BonM 1:, a .1) 2 3 NovN 43
Free Press, \\'fat Is It? ( Ed) .p1 14 Nov 39 Hendersonl Rallch Sales p 45 Nov 45 Build's W ilson Allen p :I( lon .18
Friend of C:lttle IndustryN (Ed) .p1 18 Ma'y 38 HExND ICIIS, W ANFTA G. Clir ura Iha .9 1) 2 Mlay -7
Fort Iliurm FSCA Meeting (Ed) 1 6 Jun 48 Appaloosa Hor-ses SoUght p 32 Mai 45 Currel VhcV 1 25 Atig Il
Flumue of In~dIIstry 1p to LeCgis. (Ed).p 6 A pi 47 IICenleN Hunt of Devons Biggest p 7 May 44 DtjnnyI Waggoner 1 21 Sep) 13
Fla. C:;title Sound (Ed) 1 6 Jul 48 Ill IJ. W \V. C halfigi . . 3 O 1
Fam r a eJohnlsonl Pres .p1 27 ep 45 Osceola Co. Boys 'Irlam--Cattlemen.p3 14 May '38 Gold(n Chap 1 33 Set) 4 1
FLuture Far'mers Hlaie Report 1 12 Oct 45 W illful Beef Cattle .p 9 Nov 36 1 I wt1hornIe 1 27 jl -11
Farmics Attendl Fair .1) 7 Dec '36 HIINZAIANN, MNARY i-- a's S pp y B y. . 5 D 4
Flor-ida Boy National Presideit 1 9 'Nov 37 Clemo0INs GeCs Lakeland 'title p :If FebStl~ 4lI e BON To a . . 1) 5 Due -'1
Flomr Plans for Exposition Reviewecd.p 10 May 46 Riders Hell) W alson Ranch .p1 27 Aug 44 .1i M .9 I 7' Jul Pi
Hereford Hog Originated in 1902 p 'I Mal- 44. Joe fPalookla 1 27 Aug -11
G lierefORd-Olffeed 11y Floridians .p 1 34 Oc t '17 Kinig Klegerf;. .13 2 1 Feb 6
Gadsdcn-Adults Hll) 4-H- and FFA.p) 26 Jun 48 Aided Cattle Improvemnatt.p1 8-11 Feb 47 Kin~g TI'u 1 25 Macr -1
1 obacco Mainstay ILivestock Second.p3 18 Jun -19 Atiction October 23 p 5 Oct 42 1 itile Argentile p 51 May 11
Gamlesn ille-Fall H( rse Show p 40 Dec 415 Bufete Gia-ing Inltreses Use Of p :8 Till 48 NMr. Precsidelt 1 20 fa'y 15
OtherI State Buy~ers Attend Sales p 28 Jull 47 Breecder's Invited to Join Assn p 34 Dec 47 Pa, S(Ireaki. 9 Sp4
Ro e ooflHistory p 7 Apr 41 Blreederis Offer Better Bulls p 4-1I Feb 48 Peter MNcCue 7th .p1 43 Oct 43
GARDIN, Dwi GTa R. Birei-s Plall Sale . . ,,. . . p 23 Augg 46 Sufe-1 . . . . . . .1 9 j n 4
C:lttle & In'dials p 6 Apr 3 8 Bleeders Urged to Join Assn p :I8 Nov 47 Taffy .p 33 M ar 45


40 Cowpunciers to Horse--1936-1939 INDEX The Florida Cattlemnal











hI I . - -- -- P 27. Api 5 Ciitu Feed s luable-O a 11 Oct -18 NIAiDox ALD, A iAN
'2 i2 age -. ii II Xlineral (oist ipition Stidid .' 1 2 22 -I.n 5 1urp titin Old Indust r Aug
Tr r .\l i 1.1 Apr -4 Ona St t i 01 l:rd )roijct p 5 Sep) 15 M ALONE, 1
Wallr .P 27 Fel II 'ellti produce S28.93 Profit. ) 20 De 18 Association Will Sponsor littlee Show p :i Nov
(:egg's p. 19 4 ss m I FI Livestock Show at Sidle Faji. . t Jan 38
Xlitscles 1 Di 1), Stl K.t & Feeding of Cattle .p 6 3av 0 MARK ANt BRAND
i -tmwell . 9 Sel 46 Soit Steel Fiiting Results. .p 1 3 B lrald InspeCtors Are Nam ed. 13 Fell t
Bll ia . . ) 29 Fell 15 X'ali of, liot Parls of Beef.p 8 M ar 4 0 C Ilemei Behind Law .) .1 Oct 5
Suini. Chi(.p 27 .]tit 45 Kissimmee- Cattlemen Should Coopeate. .I Aug 45
Rex Walker. 51 Ni 45 Betilr Coiols is Aim .p -16 Sep 47 Law listiderstood.1 7 Jan 47
Iliiliti -xliposition . 1) 7 Feb 3!1 Oppoitunit (Ed).p 18 Oct 19 1 iw Passed. Jul 15
Slimi Opens jantil 31.II 20-1 jan I4 S ll Sells it S60,000.p 25 Aug 'II Inspectois Named in 30 Co.1 30 Apl i
Iluw \l11h Lo ger- (lid).P 18 Apr 37 19 11 Shiw.p 30 Sep 4-1: 1i 28 Oct 14 I FSCA Studies Brand Legislation.p 1I Aug I
lim \\ i l I e C;ididaltes Run. p 1 Air 40 19-11 Stock.p 7 Oct -11: 1)10 Nov 11 hisses l)Ie iii Imlproper Brand.1 27 Aug IS
llI \\age K 1lout All A feCIts [Ii.p I Apr 4u 192 Shol 14 eb 42 'Marks a-id Il iands FSCA. 1 1 No\
li il 2.2., F. W. It ilkstioi is (haip a2 Kissy Rodeo.1p 53 Ma -16 Suupervisor to \\'or]k Iuider Bioard .p i M1ao 17
Bel l Pt odttis, on 8 Ssei I ial i Ot l. 10 Sep 31 lD rug Stoire las N uel A -ttraction .p 7 A utg 3f) f0 Cos. O rgan ied M a'rks BIrald .p 29 j ie 46
l~iud iis, Walter I., Pases Oii.p 4 Aug 4' Kiwani Assists in 1-1I Pig Work.p 37 jan l6
litumans Liot oil losito Alenu. p 11 Apr 40 lx'. J. W 8
Hlurriiate Stasont (ld).p 14 J1u -10 State ite Stock Sanitr Bo- .ar.p 7 Noti 36 31 len cattlemen ogai/ 1). p 17 Sell A8
IRxii K uts-. jliitierv Ilitilt tulle B2 i n .Soto.) 60 Aug -17
See Also Sanders, tut A. Quality is Apparent in Ierd.p -12 Jan 46 31i2mo Sale 250 Angus Sold 22 No -14
St- Also Slital, A. L. B2s Tlop Bull ot Si.p 41 Dec 46 31akinson-S:aldll Dept. in Operation.p 4)0 Apr 43
tralitmm 1)2i1 CitC Arrivt. 10-11 Dec .16 Knoxill Oltis 99 le-ad ay lillt. p 11 3a1 41 Store sered Industri l 3122c1ar .s.p 9 Jan 43
Chilstgut ltil Tet Reptrted. 30 Aug 48 liii kltetr stor (if W. Ii. Like Eav History.1p 7 Aug 36
Cfillintg Iit Herd For Profit.t 13 SeI 39 \'ils 1 0 at Sarasota .p 29 Feb 48 l g Iing Co s. - 8 Sel 18
Effect of Climate o Beef Prod.p 12 Aug 4I Winner of 1-40 at Wilthiiula lar 1-.1) 47 3121 I- Xn Exhibits Co. F-i lnit .p .122J 42
I lor Breeding 17. .p 31 lii 47 i ( Ci os Comprse I it.p 13 Autg 4-3 \r ts Co. Hd is. 12 J
Fla. Raised Stee Grades AA 39 X\Fr Itt \ 2arin S t s. F For .stertlise-.p 12 De 40
PGladcl -s uIt t o i Beef . . I .11T Jill 47 L 31222222 11A X or ,i 1)aiixti -I Jan 411
Priiitting Silo St-e- Ism2por2til t 31 D 46 Lbor Da Xlecin, Palatka.p 13 Sep 46 million Couti-Important in Livestock.p 8 Jan i
Herrmtm Feliitatx Tin O'Viet p 38 Set) 48 Lak of Xlin2Ials Coxing C.ttlettt.p 24 Dec IS Kingdom iof the Stil Imporitant Tai -
lutdr]ells AXtt-ld Fiehl DM. p 26B Jun 48 1like Counti I'2it Oranild.It 26 No 4 i lt 1rketing-ClIs .--.----P. 17 17 Jan3
IlI to Iit an21d Sl-" Beef Steers.1) 10 No 46 L ikelad Club lelps ork Cattle.t. .tl p 25 Jul II And Production of Calves in F-.p 6 Jul 37
Inlspect lerds Often DUIi g W inter.p 39 Fell 45 Lake 4 1 aIle Operator A ctie--.) 26 Feb 41 \tgit--. .--p 25 6 au 41
.II. Leis Advis-s llrd Im p'u ie t ) S .\jig Ili Labi hti t IHead Volusi Dairyien.p 12 Jan Imph zed by (it-Op------. p 23 .-Xng -1
Nletli. of Sittir Fitisling Stock Exp'd p 10 Oct 43 Lambert- Filtues Relect Growth. .I 18 Nti3
i Field 1av DrwsiCi Cowd. p 16 Aug 45 Held 1)iSpla2 IiieId Day (Ed) .) -4 312y 41 lilts Come Log W\:----.-.-- 1-1 Aug -8
I 1ebrtd ltst for Cro1s)-btee-tg 30 Dec 48 58 lead Aeirages s .lItt. -l iti 2 -22 Bee fal--- ---- -----. 1 Se1 38
Small AXceage Supports Cow, Ca iip 10-II Nov 47 Offer 50 Iead in Camtden Oct. I 1 13 Sell 42 3AIAu S
Tirere CA1es G:in 2 lls. DAIl .p 28 Mty 48 L.aigest Cattleiei's Co-op 16 Aug 41 See Also Lewis. L. -.
Weight 11) 5/0% Com1ilercial Herd. 5p 65 31;2a- 46 Largo-Sets New High.1 12 31a 41 Attion marketss IFti I ie Stock-. 12 Nov 36
Wh1i Good Blills.- 15 O t 3)6 Ii Readiness For Salt-. ) 6 Sep 42 Atitio W ill Boost Ittproll ement. . .1) 18 Jil 3A
Is Named Site For Sale.) 28 Jul 44 Bi-Weekls Sale Held at Sebig .) 53 No\ 48
IXRlt lARRY Classes 9. Glildes of Cilves .--. 8 tt 21 3:1
Ickes Idea Ac -ti-d for T Noutt. 1 19 Sep 42 Market letter.-.1 21 J -li: P) 21 )l : 1 !2 fio Fit sc-ii e in lt.p 8 Aug 48
Illinois Gets 25 lied of 11; Ctit leI.p 36 Sell -I5 FebtI: p IS Mar-li; 1) 20 Apr-6; p 1-1 31a46; Eari Marketing Need-Lewis.p 18 Jl 14
Implemt. altpowir Needed 11 Apr .13 p 22 31234I: ) 18 Jul-I5: p 18 Aug-15: p' 31 Expanion of Marketing in la .) 6 jun 40
1ilpor2m22te of Acirate Recolds .) 12 Aug 37 Sel-5: 1) 36 Oct -15: p 43 No-5; p 28 De45 FIe. Prices High in Fla.p 3)0 Apr -I8
liiirelsed I ti trock Aci2it Noted p 29 Jun 41 ii rtux E. G1)ille of I Lai st it Fl.p 3 cr 4)6
liinCr2ing l 'eesi in R;cing (d) .p 6 .1til 47 Strides of Cattlemen in roNard.1) 22 Sell 48 istonr of I.gesto2k-l-Horne. 27 Dc 46
Inttiutor Looks MIi Glades Ca ttle 25 )im 41 La.-/. Plantation Iodel Randh.p 8 Aug 43 N it S25,000 Stock Yards ) 10 2 38
itti1 2 A .gi t lt r- Seen. I ) 19 AXlr 45 Leather It"dust r%-Possible. 7 31av 4 7 OIserer Suggests Imprved 1-P I-Il ApI2 48
itti2222 Opens No 29, Chiago.p 14 Nov 41 Tannin Source Holds Back State. .) Pi) 'M121 46 $l.527,131.87 Goes to Stockman .tt 10 Aug -1
ion i ad, locomllplishlt22s .p 2 Jan 42 1 ee CAttlem2en2 Organit edi .- 57 O-t -47 older], marketing Otost Desi b .le .1 4 Jill -I
I egislation Affecting Cattle Industri.t.13 5 '\[it\. 37 Prices KIp and Doin in Ju l. 1)- 2 Sell -I8
Legislrt222 Round-Up (Ed).) 18 Join 39 Quotas Dctreased Offerings -. 1: Nov 41
Jakst Itlled Shol 7 Sell 2 p 6 Sep 43 Legisl-ti i Year (Ed)-. p 18 Mar 3 ) Seiice ior Buielrs & Sellers1.-. 17 oct 38
Jaksoii, X 1 1n2ri22222s (itlemti. p 1) Jitti 13 Legislatur2-1922 1 Model (Ed) .p 4 'I 13 South Florida New Market Facilities.p 1-I Miat 38
J2222, 1 P-- 1 ;id fo Bull. It -10 .\lpr 48 1Lcon (ood Bi ulls Are Gien 1 Fell 4i SiiIIa22y p 11 Ju 32) 1ti- Mar :16 ) -10 Apr :11)
Bull Now eitg fired Il t F2222lcs. 1) 28 Till 4s Cutr Contest Records Made 19 Feb 4S tmpa's Stitk d iXst Fill Nt-ci.p 4-Apr 4I
J.a2c2bs. It Sells 1e2imles froti Herd. 1p 45 Oct -8 Contest Biggest Yet.p 36 Dec I8 Varity of Markets for Iil ida.) 22 Jul 45
ixion ItiIuis Nexw Sire for lIrd ) 46 Set) 46 Ittild Annual Con Contest. p 15 Jan 417 38ebster \l-irt (rosse" Ovr Million. .P 20 Jll 46
JIiC eis Buty 11222hit.p 21 Sell 4II 811 lishelt -Yts Ir -Xcr I-I 1221.p 1- Jan 47 Mann, G. W. R'ch Cinderella Ball. .1) 16-11 Jan 48
erscr-7 t c2b2.p 30 Aug 4; p 38 Oct 46 Let's Get Doun to Business At Ocala.p -4 No\ 13 MXi rr222 s. 1T. 1).
Arstocritic ll a2 G's l p 11 itc -16 IEeK .s. W A. Flt. Cattleman Attends Intern'l.p 5 Jan 41
ltreeders Prpre for Regist. .p 20 Fb 41 Bc-ttI Pastilles for Better Cattle. 12 J 3E Hill 22rds Aided a. Cattle 1111m.) 8-11 Fell 47
Cattle Owners Ourg i p. 12 Apr 38 L ii-is, H. litew eel Restltiit (Ed) Oct -47
222 lii i. t DcLa d .) 19 Ma- 41 Facts Relatintg to Cattle Industry .1 7 Jill 37 Cal es Featured in ltilletin 9 Nov :)
2ld I1 Draws 700 p 21 Ic 4-I 25 He2 (;O To Ill. front Fla. 36 Sep 45 ied w ill lie Continued.1) 53 Aug 47
.Jerses lero"1g1t Itito Iif21ett2 p.I) 10 O t 42 Market Classes & Grades of Calses. 8 jlt ; 5 3 22, i ) .
rggs Reitives J2isi Club Cup. .1 19 Jun 41 rktg C:is.-- ) 17 ian C tt-e Hilts ar- War 312'teriul-p 12 Mar 45
1 22222 11 t'd IlisPIersd foil) S13,850. p 12 Jul 42 M1arket Sumimay.p 113 Oct 37; 13 12 Nov 37 XIAO N 1r21'
19 Cows Avrage S171.13 1)1 J1 1, 411 P obilms of Caittle Indusir -. 10 Apr 37 Livestock in Florida .p1 3 Oct 36
S l Slut il for 02I Allii 26-.P 1:1 Mfa 39 Relation of Sie to price of Cattle. .1) 14 Apr 38 tCarths Ji2 Large Acreage-. 17 Feb 41
Silt to Follow irm's M t 6 Jill 413 Trading Florida Markets 1 9 Feb37: 1)0 1ar17: lcCoi C. W.
Sio\, Sale August I. .p 34 Aug 44 1) I No 36: 1) 9 Aig:I7: p 12 lc 6: 1) 9 Sep37. ec r to hI lie I ditor. 10 Feb 39; I) 1-1 Oct 38
Stale Sile Ilid I I)LMtdt .) 22 Felt 41 Lewis, To Re,.I irl. (El) .1) 18 Mav 36 lCCU JACK T.
22I. 22222 c G I is tt1 Io-od C 14 Cu 0 I 221n 41 Lewis plans De'onstate Grading .13 u 52 Aug 17 lut s 12 Stik Shos.p 16 Fel 38
S A Xei~gi- RtIitcti- It Houstonttt .i Fat Stock ISo 1) 35 Fel8
S352 c Re r ed in Auctl ion. .1) 3-1 Jim 49 Lmwls, V. W ltlouston Exposition.-- 7 Fell :11)
:1-, O8a I Sale p 8 sell 4 Reflection of Progress in South p 8 iay 41 Xlca 8t c-itr ti g Strikes (lord ( d) . 18 St :18
lfftrid it )l~tI ndilp 12 3 1 2; 1 8 flu 12 Little I iterliational- )og Food Outlet fo Prloducts. 8 Jll 42
29 JlstI (llt 11 -. 37 Sep -: 1) !) Oct 41. Collcgt Coibiys Ric, 'Et IHigh At.p 10 Apr 40 1Iestuck a28 World's Jhair (Ed)
"'ill lie Olerlh d it t ittl-d. 1 19 Aug 4I Show k Rod o. Un ersity, Apr 22. .1) 12 Apr 39 %IllC s il il ,2000 Stite 1941 1I Oct 42
.ilt Is'I oig 11)- -----.) 18 jun '17 lii Fluke ):migtr Ii Wet 11 ces. p 17 Oct 48 \ltmplis ltreford lSlow Iargest .1) 9 Nov 1

Joli Ik iiK II t 21et Se-l -l l l Sep I L istoitk-lxl rimi2 2 Work-. ) 5 \at ) l Iiam.i-Ra1ing Big 1)as-.-- ) :12 Jan .18
et s jel Fairs 1Pl nned-SI. Pete Man .p 1)-3 Jill 4 6 Mlk production Rcord Yeat .p1 26 Jan 411
122 s rfords ( to thle Southeast. 14 M v 39 H rd ;IFir Su essful-. p 23 M ay 41 Nli( 2A2E 11FI.FN, 11B., 5 Dl NIARir
lieu-. u 1 8 I
Sri 22 uni Itititu UP1 1 % fyer I1t-I 11 -X I IIisttr- of O t er I.l.irse. 23 J2n 476
Won (.oet ol.- Fe- 37 122122221s Job in Waime-.p -I Aug 41 Toda s Quarter Iorse Ype .) 28 Jul 45
g t s W2 t y .Ju irs-. 2- Apr 48 Ii Floida 1 3 Oct 3i M id vit tu2chas2 Prit Bull 1 3 1 2 47

K Il 111 ii 12 Se 40 M ild Bott i Losses- Ilili. Plan -. 18 ar -12
sxau l SI'et p .2 ( I3 l222 Part in Marketing -.p 7 \Ita 47 XlirN, 1). GII Z
XCe 222221222 22oll~ll (;c2t 00d igli rce 2 312 1) 1I Ss Jan 46u tl) I hIg~i 1Ot3
Kep h 1 2222 its et Feil ( 1)r. 1 Jun 4.12 litlt r t Rc o ligh L-el-.1) 2 A li\--2 -ai- Re1ord Progam 11: Oct 39
KeIping fil D 'lr n I' k. I F d ( ) J n 42 u lo k Th 1 15 Jan :19 Ml m;uv C. K.
lel iev I i d in L ine p 15 O ct 38 prices Battle A Bear R aid Poole -. 8 A ug 3 22 U i tk 2 Sam Partite of C attlem an P 10 D ec 4I
K t l i T i t f ur d C t f L 3y t -t -e. . . ) 1 5 D e c 4 o P r o di 2 2ti o n O n le 1 T h i r d i tn o m e p . . . O t I u I l l io s uid t o l r i d i a s- . . . - 2 A u g 16
K 2I l e a d H i2222 a l e s D e le bll . . . 1 3 2 M 1- 4 P r od t io T re n ds . . . . . . . .1) 1 8 J u l 3 8 m ills E F P Ila is E x p a ni s io n a r k e . 3 t 1 3 2 A u g 4 6
K Miull Ru W .- I Llsor C:ommct itee-P I II O ct -12 Shipm ents--T things to Avoid -. 17 Apr i 3 2 M in al Supplem cents foi Dairy Cat 1 It Apr 17
F(Illllll Cohown a L l'(F;" . 4P a u 4i.'8 M ist\ B-w inlner at h w. 43-0 Dcc 47
Ritulet 011 Bee 88de.) Aluu ii it 12221121 I)Xi -S 322 132222 Show--.)l~e 1
G I t g P u t u m u r i t B i f G r a d e s 18 A u g 1 S h o w s S l ut e d F o r A p r i l 8 3 1 2 2- : 13 ) W i n n e r : t O r l a n d o R i e s-. . . . . p -1 3 D e c 4 7
I~ I S e er F etl Results -. ) 21 O ct 47 Shows Im portent to W2 2r Effort .1) 4 i ll 42 \'ills FC u re tuRa e, S ruasota .p 2 Jan 48
Kill 5212 S ir 1dt b B oyles .p 1) 5 ) A u g 47 Slh tuow W ill B e A l State F air 6 Jan 38 88 22 22 22 Su i nt .- --7 A p r 48
g lf tttre s ,11a2 n s (E l) . . ) 6 e c 4 7 T ra in \\,(8Ill R c ei id in S t2 te . . 1 I D ec 10 lisu n d ersta n d in g C battle Biu t- ess (E d ).1p 18 A p r 3 7
Hig \fICfAlnmal11 ShownMu. 1 10 Apr 41 I iVeStock Assomiation Show Weirk. 1 23 Jun .18 ld DiyMmgne.p8Mr8
l It e I n t l* -12 2 P u r p o se Th e i S r e . . . . . . . . ) 7 D e c 1( '0 0 t11. 2 1 2 J O HN P .
titt Itte. Stick Show & Rodeo. .p 12 Apr 3f Loan Fund-St. Pete Bank Starts (El) .p 4 Apr 46 S ito k Raisitig in 51mb S1fer 7 Sep 39
Kiry D rrtacion Sluw-.-.I 10 Matr 40 hut JIuts 1_ U12212 i. S. suig:l IIdS Test.1) 31 Jul 47
Kls Ili ance ike 12p Ionhors. p 41 Oct 45 Excilenit Mart. for Fed Steers .p 8 Mar 41 MoI F E.
01ut H1 lint Gu22I Rauh-Use of Arabians.1 :1 3Ma 48 Britisl-Catl2adian Trade kgreement.p) 16 Jan 39
o 21K s Taking Well Il Fil. p 12 May 4 2 LKuk Bob-Wins at Palalka.1 33 Oct 46 Montgoier-Gets Top Bull.p 17 Jill 33
K Wiles in Miny 17-18 Assn. Trials ) 27 Jiul 4-7 Pensacolill Buys Top Aniial-. 20 May 42
Feed Proving Out.p 28 12 47 Lskes, Ilowell T., Pioneer p 19 Sell 42 3Morga1s For 2 Uses UTSDA Tests 36 Jun 46


,or January, 1950 1936-1949 INDEX-Horses to Morgans 41










.lois, E.-1'tding Cottonseed Cake.p 4 Sep) 39 Okit, Itoltec- ll:tins I o-Dl)y Meet p 6 Dec 0 Past I C:Ctri Meat StltiN Gratest. .p 17 Jan 39
Cottonseed StLPI)plemenCit il Winter. 1 6 Sep It0 Sente of Rodeo and Race .p 22 Ag 43 P.tsi IRE
NIoult ie- Old West to bc Recalled at Tamtpa .p Dec 36 Se \ISO B ckcr, R. B.: Stokes, W. E.; and Clay-
Fl. Consignors at Sale .1) 21 Jun 42 Ona Stitioltn v-iardee plrojet 9 Sip 45 to H1. G.
11a. Buters Take 'Top p 6 Dec 42 Oo Floriida Ranges .1) 10 N 6 All-ear Pastuire Is Ob .ecti .1) 6 No 44
lta. Aniial, Split Riblons.p Not 12 Oin Florida Ranges .p 1 l e 36 Alta Fesic Doing Well il je erson.l. p S' Sep -19
Floridians Ta'kc 12 lead at Sale .p 1 2 Jul 43 Ot' Ew ot Itat lItdnstr p 7 Dec 38 Artadians Add Atcrage, Pature Ias. p I Ag 7 ?
Texaos Sell W hitefacs. p 1 No\ 43 O'Neal T ell Obligations. . 17 De 13 Benefits of Pasture l1rogra . 1 .I .19
Florida Bulits 'take 30 Head.p t26 MI 44 OA letter Pastitoes fo* letter Cattle 12 Jtl 37
Sh w t e iae A dtru .p 2 u 6 Action Demnorali/cs Induslir .p1 4 )ill 4. Blaser TIalks ()i Grasscs .p1 36 Feb -V5
ioier, Ne, t ligh Speed 10 fil 19 Await Attion i Set. of Agri.p Aug 15 Iltue Lupine foi Iligher Corn Yield. .p 12 .\pr 1
Mtiuirte -C tt its it Irlibutle to. p 15 Jun 48 Blnk tlarkets-Or Legitimate. !)N Il -1:; Bluestone Makes Grcen Pastures. I 10 lDue 4t
George, 2. statt, Gotttlo Hertords'.p .10 Jun 4 S Bottles Prograi Not Based oil Facts.p 4 Atig Ili Ili']r to Dc lop CarPCt Grass ) 19 Selt -12
M ur[Llithy ets 5 tSeardh Better Bulls. It I6 No IS l11t \'lat About It'. Floo.p 4 le -13 Calpet Gtass.I) 9 Ott 39
N Cattlemen Oppose Subsidl.t 4 lalt I4 Capet Grass Unfroen, Clayton Sats.p 26 No% f:;
Nag o th A cie ts. . .1).1- S ll)4 (C::ttlem ren Raise aI Question .p 1) Ain -12 Cho:osc Grasses to Suit Y'out Soil.'.p 1.1 laN .12
Nags Show Stagei int Iillid .p. 13 Felt I4 CI ttlien Want Relie. t 27 Aug A5 Cloter and Grass Seetl Iteloping. .t t ful 13
Nas ttonal- Ceilings oi Loet Glades Hit Fla. .I 17 SNt I4 (lotte makingg Good.I 1IS Jul 47
N aonl- Sh w O e sO t1 .1 2 Sl 41 Confus on in Alcat Situation .p 1)- Aug 441 Clovcr Paslurcs Is Nei% Bulletin. . 1 10 Fleb 11
D)air hat Fla.s (:;Il D.9 1). Set)4 Conlspiraoy Withiln IndustrIy% Seen .p 4)- OCt 46 Clomer, Winter Pasture Featured 1 22 AIli .18
Ditrbu io oaf Na Importa. ) 11 p N t FSCA HearsI. Protest . 1, 1:Feb -13 Clster Clomer-Fal Gra/ing-.p 13 Aug 37
1istr IttittO., ft 1tt Ca;ttle. It 16 Nlat FSCA Opposes I tc Ceilings.l1 8 Dec 41 Cold test lt ft Gats in F. erglades.I 6 Apr 17
Fare Ilips Ofe et ilt Cottlest.p 12 Atg 41 Gets StiOtII Of Protest.p 6 ilil 45 Creldit Needed for Pasture D lt't I 18 Sep 37
l iotl s olte mp htnis .p I.- SAu 41 G ade Letter Designations Ordered.p 19 Sell 4 l-espite Drouth I nion 'M akes. 1 I5 t 10
H efrcitd Slow, Atlatt t l 1 t. g.: 1 22 Sep-4; Grss Status Itt Present Program 6 May 4 le el topmlteit.It 17 Itti I8
N tItl Latbtr Paper Dectied Politc i.p 4 Aig 45 eetlopmtttt Plogress.p 18 1un ttt
Qta-itt ChIieteeietl in. ittnt.p 8 Det 44 Less Beef in Store for Consumters .1) 27 Slar 46 F.alt lastile Ior Dairy Cattle.I 13 3 l 38
uat ICttcterIztd I Aittle at lax.p 8 Nov 41 1ve Ceilings Go Into I Ffect.1) 1 Ia 44 E:ight Cot Car Cet lot Highlands.p 12 Ititi 12
NEAsi, DR d W. Nx. Lotwer the Point Values oti Meat . It Not 43 800 Atcs of Clto er.It 10 Ott 39
nim al urto . W. 13No, Meat Grad ing Shiould Bc D)ist ussed . 1p 4 D~ec 44 f:ert ili/a tion Dlis(u ssed . . . 1) IS N o\ 15
tirls Ieuit oi til.p 5 lov 3 SIcat Ot Ststm Iite tDital. It. t FIb 4t I 1:i1ld lDao Illustiatet Need.it 9 til -It
Cibtru Fi ed Nl -r Ca-ture.p) 6 )ec '3 NCIw Meat Order Ackn~owledgm nc~t .p 1). Sell +1 1:lorida Pastille Clovers 1 12 Olt :18
fici q F titgs i x Beef t. le. .1 i A ic Nt Ritt SJal.p JaIt 46 Flush Cuttings of Stomps Shortcut .p1) 8 Jail 45
Dr iet d C y umli g- ir Ratin tt ) 14 Jail OP Action Studied by Grass Group.p 7 Ill 4 Frlee /ing Of Seed IIits PrOgatt m .p 10 I lar 43
Ne Re ittrns to Hl -ila .p 1 42 a 38 011, A another Year .t I Jul 46 (;tass Good at Keianstill,'.I1 8 Nov I5
Ntttox E It F Packer-Produtc Plan for leat Cotnt.p t I Itt 43 Crass raied In lr. Bait.It 10 ill 17
if C oi Pasture Program .t g 23 Jan 41 Pe.per Sais No Need foir Quotas. I) Nov 43 Ilail Indigo Wndel Plait.I) 1 ar I8
Need for ',eat Adt. in Florida.p U) Atg 38 Pl,.ties Compaiable to Dietatorstip.p 4 \fay 46 Ilow Nlat Will ltastire Carry.I I1 1jun 4
NEWiA.tt AN. i ION Pie Controls on Meat Must Go. .9 May 416 I I m I-t anti -R hadebI gI.It 27 Siay 4l6
PsPreet, Future Screw Wormis.p 8 Noo, .6 o e Fat ibcrd. Dec 43 improved. featured by Rainwvater.p 27 .1un1 46
t to tl Farm it . 1 4 Sel 10 ltollbak Opposed b% Producers .tt) 34 FulI 45 Impro minitt a Neessit .I1 12 Jait 38
N ctw ll tnilg I itt New St g. (Ed). .14 JuI 46 The RIolltk--What No .It 4 j1l 43 lin-mtnitin in Polk Co.It 9 No 39
Nc Goals Announed by AAA (Etd). 41 Nov 43 Set-Aside Is Lowered fo Bee'. p 1t It l 1 Impr41ett('tI' CoSiiillten.p 1:3 Jul 38
Newl,)isiot, r Boosts La rd as Short'g.p 13 Jun 40 Stil in it '. 4 Jnt I 3 Indigo f oit d as il i C Co (op. 1 S lat 17
New to k Ip tper Latds Fla. Cattle. 1) 3 Dec 40 Tiruian I akes '\ise Step. p 4 Nov 46 loita Challenged II Corn Cop. p 32 Nov 47
NeI tol. Could Add to Nlcat Suppl .1) 18 Jan 43 Silie Let's Get Rid of OPA. 1I4 Oct 45 Land Pleparation. p 6 Jul 3b
New Soil Iractit cs of Interest .1 6 Dec 43 POi .ll t yti i Ci ( ttle.p 30 Al)tr 4.I Lspeidea as Glass Supplement.p1) 39 Apr 44
Nei, Atution Sart DeFuniak Popular p 12 Jan 41 OPPortu tyi to Hlod West. Mart (Ed) .I 6 Sul) 4t Ltpin Slat Rtttlutioni Livestock It Sit Aug I S
SFa ts IExamined .p1) Il i 41 Oppotnityil Knoking t Door. 6 Apr 41 'Nlclianiid Waiare Makes Pastures It 10 Jun 42
N, t t\it i I.i\kt pins 1) 6 jun 38 Oppoitnit Kno ks in Soutieast 7 May 43 Need for I arger Winter Pastuirees 20 Oct 43
Neiberr FA Bo s Feeding Steers. p l8 Jail 42 Orange Leading in Livtlock.It 28 Stay 46 New Grasses Capture linieest p 10 Sell. 40
Next mith's Issue of Interest (Ed) .1) 2 Feb 42 Orlando Starts \\oik oIl Stables. 20 Aug 46 New tPasture Prograi Sought.I 1It Aug 37
Nit i.sits C. 1. ONsetOlans Urge Aetion.I.t 6 Sitr 43 1937 Results of Pasture I)evel.p 7 SIa I
nishing Steels W'it.Jt G.ini.) 5 Sep 13 OseeOla CO. Head Is Godiwit.p 20 Feb 1 1938 Agei. Progia .p 5 a 38
Nix, n E. er \\Ih.u GOi.p (utlook lor, Cattlement Good .p 1) Aiug 411 1938 Conlservaionl Programll.p 1)1 Fell M
Noit Florida Beef Cattle Situation.p 6 May IS Outlook lor' L~iNCstO(k for 19' 8. 1 7 Jn3 5Patcso neet. 4Mr4
No Time for Loafers (Edl). p 4 \la) 441 Outlook lor* \Mat \nnuals .p 4)- Not 39 \ew Caution in Pitswre D)cvelopment.p3 4 Jud 4.>
Norris-Sills All Oter World. 1 30 Jul 48 Outlook for 19-N Not Bad.I 4) 1 Dec .l8 New Grasses DIi eloped .I1 12 Att 41
And Partin Split l lo onoes.p 8 Feb 48 Outlook ot C:attle Indlusty (El). 1I fill 37 Northern Redtop Gi ass .1 6 Sep 39
Cattle Cc, Is 70 000 Acre Operation.p 12 Jan 46 Outstanding .1-H 'er rot Alaehia. 19 May 43 150 Grasses Emtbiatcd it 'est Plots.p 4I5 SIa 17
Cubans But 52 iead.p 52 jun 48 Oterloadimg, IHorn Damage Greatest.pI I 1 Mar 46 Pensatola Bahia Has PIrotei Wttli.p 12 (lt 17
Finds Birabinanis Biest Producers .p1 6-1 MNar 47 PeC~rmiat pastmre Grasses .p 1)( Full 37
Steers \\in Carass.p 3-11 Jutl 47 PC i anitei it Att c'ag ill in Levy 1) I I le 10
W ins in Cuba p 34 Feb 48 PACKERS Pinis and Paslire Imnportant il Bay-. 1 1.1 Dec 1
INorth IIt 1 uit Sart ftr Fla. Sters. p 6 Apr 40 and Piroducers Piesent U ited Front.p 5 Apr 4 'Il, Potiin 17 J 1
Beef C ttle Situation.p i May 39 Baito Gets Kingan Unit.p )1 Jun +4 Piograi for ] I ) . I 8 Feb li
Pasture Tot Completed.p 23 Jun 41 Beattt Named Manager Ocala. )17 Aug 37 )'egless in Dit Cattle Pastures 1 15 Jun 3
Notes oi Animlt Nutition. p 13 Nov 38 Big Brands K- Iloins Votry Packer.p 17 Slav 39 ]'leless in Sothti ItRefleted.p 8 Sit 1
Cattil-Increase il FHa. Giten.p 20 Apr 45 Cattle'ien Welome Bartow Plant.p 4 Jun 14 Properl sed .p 11 ta
Reduction in C:ttle Asked.p 2t Mar 45 Kingn I lost at Barbec tie o Opening p 22 Ot 41 Results of I astire Cultiation.1. 6 J ai Ii
Nit V]RI S ItNII(tDowell Giees Viewpoint oil Buying 1I 19 No 37 Reolting Fund, Good Paiit 's.res. p 24 Jul W
See Ast Bucker, R. B., and Neal, Dr. W. St esats and Tliir Food Qualities.p 6 Not 37 Ric e CGrass Ctti (ti C 33 No C
Big Joe 12 Aug 48; p 10 Not 48 Meat Patkers P titils I .p 17 Apr 37 SCS Plans 1let, ler Pastures.p 18 Jun
Brittle Bones,. p 6 Sep 411 lcat Patk. Promotes I iestock Prod. 1, 6 Oct 37 S600 Prizes Rtchied.p 21 Jail 4I
Calcium in Aniial Nutrition.p 14 Jun 39 Sanford Cattleman Builds Abbatoir. .11 17 lec 40 St. Johns Set Bak ItlI DIy eathe .1 17 D '10
Calves Help Solve Feed Prot. .p 10 Sep i7 Strike Indiriit Effect State.p 22 lar 46 SUtessf III air PaSred 'are C .te 8 Jli[i 1
Cattle Loss Due To Lack of Feed .p 6 Dec 4t Swift ;itd Co. Opens Plant, Ocala. .13 10 Juin 37 Survey D'elopiie'it in Iligilands Co. Ip 8 Ili it
Cobalt Lack Discussed 10 Fel 47 Swiil ilead Gites ]'legless.1 14 Felt 40 360.000 Atces i i 1 ears .I i I '\ar 41
Cottonseed Booklet .p 4 Aprll 4 Swvilt. Ready for Floridai's Product 1 23 Jan 46 '1 imei 14) Pla'nt Pliatire.p 1) 5 u
Cottonseed Cake and Pellets .p 6 Selt 4f i:S- Inspect. Atailabl State Packers p 11 Atig 42 our ti Suiccss (1d).Ip 141 N ot I!)
Cottonseed Oli the Riange p 16 Fe 39 Peopl YOitt Know. .11 20 Jan1; p 3 tirr 43; p 3 '1 ouir Grows itll (Ed) .p 14 Sell 39
Deficiency Finding in Beef Cattle .p 8 Aug I l Mit -13; 1) 20 Jun43; 1: Jul43. 12,000 Acres of New im Chalotte.13. 15 Dec II o:
Deflourinated Phosphate p 11 Dec 43 PO'E, Jtl.5:s E. 'I wo Pasture 'I it.S.p 1) 1I Not 18
Details oil Molasses Trial Released. p 5 Ag 4 g I t tistok Prices Battle Bear Raid p 8 Aug 39 Lse Oats fo Griing lIt is Winter. 1 )11 Oct 46
Douti ble Dose of Cobalt Necessary. p 23 Apr 47 Palatka-Horse Sets New Record .p 4 Oct 48 W'arier Ci(td Ior Pasture Develop.p 6 Jail I
Dried Grapefruit Refuse.Ip 15 Nov 3( F'icsta I Ias C:owd for Rodeo, Race. .11 18 Jul 48 Why Imiptoitd Pastiles" Blazer p 25 Aug 43
Farmers to Plant Kudzu Crowns p 23 Sar 42 Horses Will Compete at Palatka p 18 Sep 47 PAZA Ended Cuban Appraisal 30 Slat lV
Feeding Grain to Steers Aids Gains. .1 12 Slay 40 Plans Rodeo Labor Day (Advance) .1P 14 Aug 41 PA/A Appraises Fla. Ilerds. .) 21-11 Jan 8
Fla. C'man's Stake in High-Starch Pot. pI 7 Apr 49 5000 See Rodeo (Report).I 141 Sel 41 Pav ilion Construction Underway (Ed). p 6 Aug 48
Green Citrus Pull Is Successful p 17 May 41 Palim lieahi-Cowman Posts Reward .p 23 Jail 41 Pay Streak-(Horse of the Montith) p 39 Aug 45
Hbrid Corn Tested, Belle Glade. .1p 21 May 44 Dairtien to Advertise.p 17 Jaln 42 W s 44I-YX. Rtie it Sirasota. p 34 May IS
Lack of Minerals Costing 24 Dec 48 Co. Has CattIleiel's Org.) 23 Apr 42 1Pa nis ts Wild Be igger i 11. 24 jNlt IS
Taset, 'Lasses, til Sb Nlisscs .1 12 Apr 41 Spteatkiis H-eard it Co. Nlet .ip 2:13it Nla -1 Pai5u 4ilB igri 99. )2 u 18
Siti saes foe Cattli .se.p 7 Sep 38 1 toout iits-Ct ot Parade it Florita.Ip 16 Sity 47 PCA-I mllpor()tait Loan Source .p 7 iar
IMinor Elements Aid Soet Soil p 19 Jul 43 Show Is fieldl art Kissimee .p 43 Aug -48 Has Sfeeting for St. Lcie Cotmet. 'p Feb 41
New Wheat Rule Will Cut Feed.p 39 Apr 46 Show July 4 Kissimmee .p 25 Jul 47 Pencilhi Danger im Use Warned 38 Feb 46
Protein Need Seen by FSCA 110 Feb 46 State Show Planned .t 54* Nov 45 People See Stock Special .p 16 Dec 40
Radioactie Minerals Used .p 6 Oct 4 -, Oineis Organize State Assn. p 40 Feb 45 Perdido Ranch Scene of Field Day .p 22 Jun .3
Results of Clewiston Trials Releasced.p 10 Jul 41 Gioup Receives PIABA Charter.p 22 Apr 45 Parlnieniet Recognition of layo (Ed) .1p 4 Jai 41
Soil Work Pais Off.I 9 May 47 Oil Parade at State Fair.p 50 Mar 46 Peter McCue 7th (Horse of Mtonth) 1) 43 Oct 43
Staff A6 Find Citrus Feed Valuable.p I I Oct 48 Palookai Wins Race at Gufstreiam. 52 Mar 46 Peters AA Buills Used il Herd.p 22 Aug 41
Switching Feeds Calls for Study .1 8 Sep 44 PIn-Amrician Assn. Won't Register.p 6B Oct 46 Peters Finds %luck, Sand, Good. p 20 Aug 46
3-Point Program Protein in Grass.P 8 Jul 43 Pa'nuleta-Horse Breeding Establislm't p :12 Apr 64 1iiiiotliaziiie-Uiifavortlt e Reaction p 7 jin 41
Use tif Sa'It Prod. Results .p 36 Sly 47 PAPE, RICHARD Ptliical Compound Developed.p 23 Aug -1
Vet Studied Salt Sick 45 Yeats Ago.p 14 Aug 4 Palolilos Offer Much in Fla.p 13 May 45 Phone Service for Rural Hlomes .t. p 4 Inn 4
What the Mineral Theory Is.p 4 NIX 4II Paper Bottles Successful.p 14 Oct 41 Pigs fttr Store Intt.p 26 Atig 48
Para Grass Used in Silo. p 25 Aug 41 Pinellas Cattlemen Re-elect . 148 Oct 41
0 Parasites Big Problem.p 27 Nov 48 Pineapples Going to tle lDogs.p 10 Sell 39
Objection to S-1199 Is Voiced. .p 26 Jun 41 Parrish Has New Livestock Pens.p 58 Oct 47 Pistols Adusted in Fla. for Experts.p 28 Se) 48
Ocala-Show Draws p 29 Jan 41 Partin-Director of AQHA.p 16 May 45 Place of Calcium in Animal NUtrition.p 14 1ull 39
Extends Welcome to S'eastern.p 12 Feb 42 Fla. Brahman Breeders.p Sep 44 Plaentias Cause Loss.p 20 Sep 48
Sale Called Success.p 10 Oct 39 Re-elected to Head Osceola' Cattle'n.p 11 Stay 44 Planning Winter Cattle Feed.p 6 Mfay 37
Ocalan Heads FlI'. Duroc Breeders p 12 Apr 44 Pasco Takes Big Strides in Pastures. p 6 Aug 43 Politial Leeches (Ed) p 18 Feb 38


42 Moses to Political--1936-1949 INDEX The Florida Cattleman










polk-Leader in Cattle.i 13 Sep 44 RHOAu, A. 0. Treatment of Injured Livestock.P 7 Jun 40
Breeders Provide for 20 Steers. p 10-1 May 47 Effect of Climate ott Beef Product'n 1 12 Aug 41 Winter Feeding for Beef cattle.1 8 Nov 37
Calf Sale Planned.p 11 May 48 RHooc, RAY L. uWiorkstock Appreciated in Shortage.1) 10 Aug 42
livestock and Pasture Itiprovemnt.p 9 Nov 39 Hillsboro Cattle Merchants .fp 11 Aug 38 shoel Urges Ipferor Co s Culled .) 17 Atl 45
SI,000 Netted by Assn. ftr Sale.p 18 Sep 48 Ruons. GIFFORD SHEElv, WgAsEri J.
Stuart Heads Cos. Cattle'n Assn.p 16 Jan 47 Arabians it Home ill Florida.p 26 May 47 Beef for Victorv.p 22 Mar 42
Polled Herefords- Cristal Ball IHelps Cattle Sales.1 40 May 48 Bringing in tlte Spriitg Cr01. It 8 Apr 39
Breeders Re-elect Original Officers. p 19 Apr 42 Dedline Is Noted by Rhodes.p 50 Nov 48 Calf Market. 1 tJn J 7
fitll] of Cummings to Florida. 12 Dec 44 First Aid of Snakebite.p 40 Aug 48 Cattle Assn. Needed Iuring War.1 i un 42
Cattletmen Interested in Pulled Cattle p 38 Sep 47 Florida Maketing Scene Muddled.p 16 Aug 48 Conetion of Co. & State Assoc.P 14 Nov 38
SI Head Offered i Moultrie.p 36 Apr 44 High Prices Noted in Beef Mart. p 33 Dec 48 Explains Method Of Show Finishing .1 10 Oct
Fla. Cow Is Reserve at Slot.p 35 Apr 45 Inreases Noted in Cow Prices.P 3411 Jun 48 Facts About FIoida ilBeef.p 7 Jun '8
4 States Represented im Assn.p 9 Jit n 41 Not Slump in Cattle Market.1 44 Oct 48 Fall Livestock pointes.f) 7 Oct 18
Ga. -1-'er Wins Contest.p 20 Dec 44 Rhodes States S8,717,729 Sales 18 .Mar 43 Fina, Pais for I938 Calf Crop.p 6 Apr 37
H-ereford Sale at Moultrie.p 8 Jun 41 Rii ,, G. E- Fla Catlle Ind. Halt. 4 Sep 42
I Ielefords Sell at Kissy .p 13 May 39 jaxon Sees Value of Conservation.p 5 Sep 45 I :ioritla i vestock irkets .p 7 Oct '8
I4 Polled Ilerefirds in Atlanta. 14 Slay 44 RiCtHARDs, PREstON .et a Calf Crop .-p 12 Sep 18
Polled Hereford Herd Started 20 ]ut 44 Relation Consumer & Fari Incomes 1) IS May 37 Growilt of Fat Stok Sho, I. I I Feb 38
Sale it Valdosta March 7 .p 22-I Mar 47 Ride 'ill Cowboy .P 10 Jun 41 Hiorses plar Role in Cittle 4istory.p 15 Apr 41
Shorthorns Sell for $12.407.50 p 26 Mar 42 Rodleisetar Ftarms in Florida .p 30 Dec 45 Livestork Association pufpose.I 7 Dec 36
(if Listed for Moultri e S .p 15 Apr 45 Rodco-Announced, Several Fall .p 44 Oct 43 Livestock Extension Work 5 laty 9
I IHerefords to Sell Nov. li .p 13 N ov 44 At Neii Smyrna Beach.p 52 Oct 47 I vestock Outlook 15 Jan 39
Taussing to judge Sale .p 21 Aug 43 Business, National Recognition.f 23 Aug 42 1 ivestock Pointe, Apr
To Shoi Sell 21 Slar 46 Ciowds Turned Away Jul) 4.p 26 Aug 46 Marketing Fxpiattsion in Flit. Cattle.p 5 Jiti 40
Portable Dipping Vat Kills Lice .p 10 May 48 In Iowc, Clemons ITotp.p 42 Jun 47 marketing Beel Cakes .) 14 Sep 3i
Possibilities \aried in Southeast 21 Jul 41 injuries Cointion Armistice Day.p 36 Dec 46 Of Interest to Floridi Stockmen.p 12 Fel 37;
Patial Suggestions for Fla. CattleI.p 11 May 40 Ii Lakeland New Years.p 30 Jan 46 p 8 Mar37; 3i S Apr37 p 8 .Jtut7: p 4 jul
Irics Not Subsidies.p 12 Nov 42 Kissimee, Plant City. .1) 34 Jun 46; p 32 Jul 46 p 14 Ag 7; p 1:i Sep 37; f 13 Nit,3
Itoduction Credit. p 7 Jul 42 Lakeland Next on Schedule. .pI 37 Jan 47; p 33 Outlook foi Li estock for 1938 7 Ja 38
Itoduction Inicease Is '43 Goal.p 11 Feb 43 Feb 47; f 30 Jan 48; p 26 Feli 48 Planning for \\ inter Cattle Feced .p 1i fl 37
Itodtlctiott Lid's Off.p 10 Mer 42 Mike News in Noetiiber .p 16 Dec 43 1rodtctin increase inl 4 -Got, P FIb 42
Production Up p 17 Jul 42 Miami, Davie, W. P. Beach p 48 Maiy 48 pospcts fori Fi. Stock Show Feb. 8. 11 8 Jan 40
Pretnituts of S3500 in Show.p 13 Jan 42 OcalIa Lions Set Feli. 28.p 30 lar 47 Screwwor m Pest of Souithen Cat ic P y 2
It's i Good Time to Coll (Ed).p 6 Jul 47 Open Winter Arena Season. 38 Nov 46, Selection of Good Beef Bull 11 Jan 39
Profitable Livestock Production.p 11 Nov 40 Planned for JIN 4. .25 Jul 45 Sfiipriug I isstock N otes.i 12 Apr 40
Irogiess in 1944.i 16 Feb 45 Planned in Deland, KissN Labor Dltv.p 50 Sep S taie Extetision Service .i 4 Oct 1i
Progress in Breeding Demonstrated.p 6 Feb 39 Planned in DeLand, Kissy Labor Day.p 50 Sep Utilizing I and witf Beef Cattle 8 Feb 39
Price Iicrease Noted.p 34B Jun 48 46: fi 34 Oct 46 SheldonI Dispersal October i. i 29 Oct 46
Prices Still Steady .p 6 Jul 48 Scheduled at Okeechobee Sept. 5-6. .p 40 Sep 48 shortage of eat to Meaiu Rationting. 7 Oct 42
fri/e Steet Exhibited.p 12-Il Jan 48 Shipes up Slowly.p 27 Feb 46 shorthorns
Problems Recalled .p 37 Sep 48 Six Set for Early June, p 21 Jul 47; p 46 Aug 47 America's Pionrer Breed.p I Aug 38
Producing Feeder Cattle.p 4 Oct 36 1ake Your Choice of 4--July 4.p 32 Jun 48; Back Again at Slontgoniery. 38 Feb 47
Progress of Cattle Industry.p 27 Jan 47 p 20 li 48; p 42 Aug 48 Breeders Organize. pi 31 Apr 17; f) 12 Nov 41
Progress Fla. Cattle Indus. Revealed p 13 Nov 39 Three Day Show Planned. Lakeland.p 32 Jan 45 Chaip Will Iour Florida.p 30 Apr 47
Iurcireds to Go on Parade.p 5 Jun 41 'Three More Are Cotning.p 45 Sep 47 Cottie to State Via SIotiltrie. .li Jan 47
Purebred Reservoir .p 12 Aug 42 free Planned for November.f 23 Nov 47 Goal at Mirror Lake.f 20 Aug 47
ureblred Importation Numbered.p 17 S1ry 39 It ree Planned for July Fourth.p 23 Jul 44 Go Oi Sale at MtcItrie.p 12 a 41; p 12
uliwood Important m War Effort.p 21 Jul 45 iwo Paned During March.p 55 Mar 46 Jit 44
Iinta Rassa: "Ghost" Port.p 4 Sfar 40 Will Publicize Florida Cowboys.p 15 Slar 38 MaiIN Come to la. front Moultrie.p J i an 43
Winners at Ptrrish.p 38 Dec 47 Mlemtiphis is Host for Sluorn.p 43 Feb 14
RoGERs, FRAZIER 'lilk 5% Cross icith other Breeds. 43 Sep 47
Quality--CQruse of GoFn eef. p 21 Jul 44 1arm cures .p 8 Oct 39 Sale ill Moultrie Mar 14.p 2.1 NIar 41
Qialits N e Hg Gor B p 7 Jpr 44 Ropig Fitle Won by Okeechobee Co.p 44 Dcc 45 Sale Postp'd to Apr 23.1 14 Apr 43; p 10
Seis Ne Hoslig at Fiorth E.p 7 Jf7 r 4)4 i Rose Ithorobreds Win Recogiition p 16 May 47 Mai 43
Qapter orse-Fa Scw [atnned p 26 Jt 45 Rose, Carl, to Sell at Keetteland. 54 Oct 47 7 Ietl Sell Feb 17.p 16 Feb 14; p1 34 Apr 44
Ctips to Be Derided Slr 27, 28p 46 Alit 4 Rtsetiere Sells 14 Head to Publisher. .p 39 Sep 47 Shortorlis Oct. 27 irc Soultrie. 24 Nov 44
tip Pxns Shobt%, Stle 33 Jun 46 i ls. Premium for Tampa Show. 6 Oct 38 IihirteetI Herds oti List for Sale. 32 Apr 46
I iltr Fxibition Set for Apr 2.p 26B Slat 48 *uio i I ITo Sell Oct. I at Moultrie.pi Sep 43;
Historic ise.p 23 Jun 45 Scats and Their Food Qualities.p 6 Nov 37 fi ill Nov 43
Ilci Sept. 12, Orland-.p 24 Aug 43 RtssEL. HUtIAt R .p is Oct 38
Racing fin Tamipa-Potential Factor.p 6 Oct 46 ---Shows (Ed) .****.-
Racing Spurs Actiaity p 10 M ay 47 Status of the Beef Cattle.f1 8 Dcc 38 Sifting Coiimittee D id W ork T i rotglufy. f 16-1
Show f Jan 7
0'. . p 8 Slat 44 SSil ige foir 1)Cti ttle I.c39 t
Sititi atind Races at Ortitdo. 16 Jan 44 S red --. a3
ShoW, Orlando, Nov 7-9.--.---.p 27 Nov 47 Saddle-Gies 49 Years Service.p20 Jul 41 Silage Gains POpularity asFeed. f. i8 Jei 39
Speed Trials 'lar 27, 28, Sarasota p 26 1I Mar 48 pai Hiaior fakes Owen.p 35 Jul 48 Si et Spirs Give Qudrife. 1 38 Dec 46
Spiei Trials Plaued Siv 17-19.p 10 Slay 47 Safet, on lhe F:rmi.p 4 Sep 40 Simonton-Progressive (attlemtt, t 8
Stallion, Dlrance Entry Champion.p 36 Mar 45 SAGsitER, WILLIAM 'NON 46 1 1 38
T hird Annual Auction.p 28 Nov 47 Coastal Cattletieit at Lake Charles. .p 12 Apr 3d) Siee ilm Relation to Price.f p
Tio Run Mar. 2-3 at Seminole.p 55 Mar 46 Sale Entries for Fall Needed.p 33 May 4, Skibird-Wins Over Palook (1
Will Sell Nov 8 .p 38 Oct 47 Sancti Spiritus Exhibit Won by Norris.p 36 ApIr 48 Again Wins At Seminole .1 57 Slay 46
Qliicy--Field Day February 21.p 19 Feb 41 SANDERS, A. Regai's Title .' \ ug 45
Field Day-14 Counties Rep.p 14 Mar 41 C, ki-Bur Poisoning Farm Animals p 16 Oct 37 Silighte Cattle Produced p 22 Fe 44
Qititan Auction, State Breeders Bit)'. p 19 Feb 41 Livestotk Inspection Pays Farmer.f p 9J 37 Sf I iops Lakeland Areta lii. fi 44 Oci 44
Stokmien Pay for Liver Flukes.p 26 Jan 45 Slunif Noted ill Mart for Cattle. fi 44 Oct 48
Sanitary Board Elects Jimmy Bright. .p 58 Apr 48 Stit, H. R.
Rafties CaHnagrYu -et~ 1Dc4 aiaGrtulsFtefrFoul ~ u -atidle Jsitli Care: Label for Sleat. ti 8 Jan .42
Santat Gertrudis-Finle for Florida p 6 Aug 45 F 2 5 Mia 45
Ralies Catn Eitn= Your Herd .Jp e1 Dec 48 Developed to Fill Needs of Climate. .p 7 Aug 45 LLPB Tells of Trip to Fla .p
aceosa nt OrAd June 27 p 23 Jul 48 Comes to Farins, Ranch East Coast p 8 Aug 45 Stt, LE S
RThousands Attend on Labor Day.p 43 Oct 45 1st Bulls Brought to Fla. by Montg.p 10 Apr 41 Choose Grasses to Stilt Your S p 40 Oct 48
acg--Dates Are Announced.p 37 Sep 46 Another Santa Gertrudis?.p 8 Jan 41 Snakebite Treatment.p 4 Oct 48
Is Popular in Florida. p 44 Aug 48 Sata Gertrtdis Cattle.p 6 Sat 41 Snodgicss New ACL Livestock Agt-p 9 Jun 43
Season to Start Dec. 2.p 22 Nov 46 Doing Fine on DeSoto Ranch.p 48 Aug 47 Social Sent tSy B xtnd 4 Apr 46
Rail s on job at i iami p 30 Oct 46 Santa Rosa Pastures Planted. 12 Jat 4 Soil C1o1isei Ptron (EP).o s. > 5 Feb 37
Rail Rate--FBBA Hails Arrall Stand.p 16 Jun 45 Sarasota-Rares Highl Successful.p 35 Apr 47 Soil Conservation Program cints p 5 Feb 37
Raise ROUting-Nced Better (Ed).p 18 Fe 37 82250 Bull Brought to Sarasota. p 15-1 Dec 46 Soil Conservation Prograi Helped. p 4 Jay 42
Raisig Replacements-Advatages 8 Apr .38 Scheil. Announced for Exhibit Train.p 13 Oct 40 Some of the Bs Neis(EIS
Raibling Trrough West Florida.p 5 Aug 39 Schell Plans New Cross.p 36 Mar 47 SON AtTrsSE El SHERIF StilIHASSAN 8 Oct 38
Range Cattle Station Inspected.p 5 Jul 43 Semntrr. J. C. The Golden Horses of Morocco .p 8 43
Rantie Feed Not Yet Readly.p 25 Jan 48 Cofp. of Pleinothiazine Developed p 23 Aug 41 South-Cotton is Good Ration .1 27 Jun 41
Recent Advances in Dariry Industry.p 38 Jan 38 ScHOENiv. Hl. NV. SR. Bralimans Consigned to Sale .p 24 Aug 47
Recent Cattle Feeding Results.p 6 Mar 38 Eqiuinine Encepiaotnyelitis.p 6 Apr 39 Southern Regional At Montgomery. 24 Apr 44
Recent Progress in Dairy Cattle.p 4 Aug 39 ScoTT, JOHN S. Sottheasetri -Greatest Stoc 0 he. 12 A 42
Record Cattle Slaughter to Continue.p 12 Jan 45 30 Cos. Ready for Marks & Brands. p 29 Jun 46 Heteford Breeders offer .ed 10 Mar 44
Record for Meat Set in 1943.p 23 Feb 44 Seasonal I.ivestock Pointers.p 9 Apr 38 Mteat Conference Proposed .p 1 4
Record $2200 To Set at Sale.p 11 Oct 47 Sebritug boy Wins Championship.p 21 Aug 32 Set for Dec. 16-17 in Albany.p 16 Dec 41
Redick, Turkey Creek Win at Ocala.p 10 Apr 46 Seed-.up to Farmer to Save Own. p 19 Aug 44 Shin Oficials Encourage 15 Jul 43
nit, o. E. Selection Made S'eastern Bratitians Equal. p 4-II Shiowe Set for Feb. 2-. .-- 1Apr 44
Breeding Dairy Cattle.p 9 Jun 38 Aug 46 T 15
Reforestation-Florida Misses a Bet. p 10 Oct 45 Sell Lower Grades Now.p 6 May 41 12% Gaes in Value Shown .--. Apr 44
Rcestfion oruidas. 12%d Giacin in a SOpcon .p 15 Slay 44
Rrgulatn of Business.-.p 5 Mar 38 SEPIBA-Si'e Nov 15.p 28-Il Nov 46 Sound Fiancig i Fla. Operation. p 24 Oct 48
Rtifz, J. W. Sale Oct 23 at Moultrie.p 10 Sep 42 Sowe Culling important.p
Reliepot. of Accurate Farm Records. .p 12 Aug 37 Sergeant Bill Wins Race.p 31 Jun 48 Spainhower reopens Shop at Hialeab. .p 19 Oct 44
ef Must Come Froni Select. Ser. (Ed) p 19 Sexton Advocates Little Cos.p 34 Jun 48 SPECIAL ISsUES
Oct 42 Shealv Heads Stock Loss Board.p 49 Apr 46 Aberdeen-Angus Section.Nov 46
Religion the Cow an (Ed).p 14 Dec 39 Ce c. Afaclhua County Edition.Jun 47
R emoviding Results.p 6 Mar 38 Brahman Breeders' Directory Number.Jan 48
remember the Date (Ed)-.p 18 Oct 39 Essentials for Livestock Production.p 11 Nov 46 Brahman Breeders' Directory Number.Jan 47
Reiount Service Active in East. p 27 Apr 44 Experiment in Beef Cattle Ind.p 12 Aug 38 Broward County Issue.-Sep 46
E CNEGER At in E .i.eet p Feeding, Management of Steers.p 4 Nov 36 DeSoto County Issue.Aug 47
Fli. Cttleman's Stake in New Sweet Potato Fift, Years of Animal Husbandry.p 6 Nov 38 Fifth Annual Swine Issue.Oct 48
R p 7 Apr 42 Pink Eve.p It Oct 39 Fourth Annual Stud Directory Number.Say 47
results of Clewiston Trials.p 10 Jul 41 Research in Animal Husbandry.p 13 Jun 38 Gadsden County Number.Jun 48
Revolving Loan Fund, Alachua 4-H p 6 Apr 47 Suggestions for Fla. Cattlemen.p 11 May 40 Hacdee Co. Issue.Sep 45


for January, 1950 19361949 INDEX-Polk to Special 43










Hereford Breeders' Directorv.Fell 48 Sale to Climax Year.p 12-I Jan 47 Qiaranille Iifted-Heldry, Collicr.p 4 Nov 44
Hereford Show F, Sale Section.Feb 47 Show Progrss .3 4 Dec 45 Resmoval of Tiky Deer Neressary p 5 Sep 37
Highlands County Number.Nov 48 Soutieasierin Biggest Ever.p 8 Apr 45 Rules lightened.p 13 Jun 47
Marion Commii Edition .Jan 46 Stock Shows, State to Assist .p 11 Jul 44 Senate Hearing on Ticky Deer Jul 15.p 8 Jul 41
Marketing Yesi-book Number Aug 48 Stannee Holds Hog Show .p 20 Nov 48 Senate P isses Bill foi Tick Fiad.p 5 Aug 41
Orange Count Numbei .Ma 46 Siwifi Pas S53 for Grand Champ 1 14 Dec 46 Serious Inestation of Ticks.p 8 Dcc 48
Quarter Horse Sale Catalog .Nov 46 Tallahassee. 4 Dec18 Situation Deserves cooperation.p 4 May 46
Sunter Couiit Idition. .l 46 'iaimpa, Florida State Fair p 18 Feb38; p 18 Spusad of Ticks-Dade, Ciaclotte.p 6 Mav 47
Polk Co. Nuibei.Sep 41 Ot38; p 5 Sep'39; 1) 8 Jan40; p 5 Feb0; Still More ibout Tiuks.p 19 Apr 10
U. of F. Issue .Apr 41 p 12 Dc40; p 21 jal ; p P 1 8 an4l; 1) 22 Sior 1 Free Of Se saitioialisi .p 4 Feb 46
Spectre of Kissimmee Gulch 7 No% 38 Xar4l: p 2 Feb2; ) p 14 jan42; p 18 I jan12; p Sloj)R Needed For Ticks.p 15 Nov 46
Spring Livestock Notes.p 1 2 Apr 40 7 F b 2; 10 Feb 12; p jun 2; p 4 Aug45; 1 Iky Deer .P 18 Feb 38
,Spurs fou i r Show Set p.I J46 i; 1) 37 Feb46; X i0 M ar i; p 60 M ari6; T i k eer ct 18s 3. 1 Jan 38
Sals oi i Ry 1 44 Dec 41 1 A ; p 7 an17; 1 20 Fel47; 1) 8 I opi of :SCA Sebring Meet.p 10 Dec 48
Stalleos ltCscs RZe.u iofiia.131.0.1p 1t 11 is 48 ar-i,; p Feb8; ) I 8 Fci4S; P 44 Feb48; X igilanlsc is Fss' I Ii aii Agn'st Tick.p 40 Apr 46
S ale ir i sgs ZeI u l o fit.P 13 1 l at 48 p) 18 Mar18; 13 8 Mar48; l) 11 Dec18 \'oluntar Check oii Ticks. p 4 Feb 46
Si l is i l .p 8 ay 4 2 Valos p 21 M av 42 N% ill It lie Deer or Cattle.P 18 Sep 37
Starch, Aohol the Key .p1 8 Ma' 4 7bSs-p 12 Dec40; 7 ; P 12 J46; Tiss s, 1). E.
Stardust--Bus Neiw fied Siree. 33 Mar 47 1) Feb17; 1 213 Sep17; p 15 Nov47; p 11 :ilemsens ll i Outlook Good For months.p 6 Aug .11
Ranh Home of Miss Zet-ouer's Herd.p 28 AugI 8; p 52 Oct18: I) 33 Nos48; p 14 Dec48 TFOsI FR D
Ji m 44 W innsr Best FFA Farmler. p12 Oct 46 Sict (lasses Competitive at Quincy.p 25 Oct 41
State-Merits Bigger Investment.1 36 Feb 47 S'o55s, W. E. ToInI, H.
.lust Protide Funds for U. of F.p 4 Sep 46 (;rasses in ilrida. p 5 Nov 36 mica-Angus Exiiit-State Fair.p 14 Jan 38
estoek Board of Fla. . ( .p 7 Nov 36 How \Ian\ Cstile.p I I jun 40 1 OsOs, FRANK D.
Statement (Ed).p 8 Dec 40 Pastures T heir Gazing Capacities p 4 Dec "1 G isstug Beef Ot The Farm.p 10 NtO 38
Siseis, Bonds lor Victory.p 7 'May 42 Pasture imprsOvmilent it a Necessity. 1) 12 Jai 38 itoik Riaising Not e. One Year Job.P II Slay 39
Stee Feeding Results. 6 May 39 :lsoss00 Aices Pasture Made in 4 Yrs. p 5 Mar 41 scric For liners and Sellers.I 17 Oct 38
Step liy Step Destription .1 6 Jul 41 lit5 to Plant Pasture .p 5 jun 37 W ight tind Quality Needed.p 11 jui 38
Stosker Pats laced oil 6 Points.p 8 Feb 44 Winter Pastuies .p 7 Oct :6 whel sou Get Your Own.p 6 Jun 39
Stockmen Pledge to Aid.p 19 Dec 42 Students to Stage 1 et.t 13 Ar 38 RACE, FRANK T.
Stock Raising Not I Ic. Job.1 Il May 39 Sugar Fed Steers Cice.1 6 May 41 Hwi 'ill I lie Candidates Run .p 4 Apr 40
Stock Raising Safer.p 7 Sep 39 Sugailand Ralt (See U.S.S.C.) toraw 1, M.
SiOK SIOs Cailsmsen Plan Pasture increase.p 18 Feb 41
Aid Devclopment. p 4 Ar 46 Si R. S. Ic ii, itt e.
Alachua Horse Sissie.p 42 Nov 47 licI Cattle Addit. Souce Income p 5Jun C iingKLR RAMN-ri t.y
A seny Partin, Shtow Horses .p 8 Dec 46 Culling he Herd for I rofit.p 13 Sep 39 ('tossig laii nButiss Breeds.p 12 Slay 38
Angus Breeders Consign to Slo.p 30 Aug 46 suitl-Breelers Offer S2100 Prizes. p 6 Aug 47 1ax Las Ex. d. 16 JRE 41
Angus BUll, Cow, Horse, Wi. 1 8 Dec 46 Assn. Holds Meeting.p 20 Jan 49 Tale of Success-Bossy's Finite. p 12 Jun 38
Angus Sloi, Bas Pe.t 38 Sep 46 siisri s Paised by MaLyIOv.p 18 Sep 46 Tallahassee, Bulls Presented at.p 24 Dec 45
Atrail-p Noi42: p 14 Nov44; 13 24 Dec44 l ice ;isd iy Newspiper. p 45 APr 48 1tampa-Better Calves it Show.p 6 Feb 38
p 25 Dec44I; P 30 Oct45; p 30 Nov45; .1p 19 Fair stock Awasds Announced.p 17 Jan 41 Daiv, Beef Aiits ts le Ssown.p 19 Dec 41
Dec45; p) 22 Aug47 IHerfOrd Men Raise Fine Aniials p 16 Jl 46 nixiailr lisciss I199 Shwnss. 8 Jul 38
Barios youtI SliOwI 13 23 Dec47; p 16 Dec 48 slt Co. Issue (Ed).p 4 Jul 46 Isiswis1is mii sis ss Casttle .p 15 1uc 40
Brisvi', i Ic is 10 Dec45; p 31 Nov17; ) 58 1lls In Cattle.p 13 Ju 46 suisng Industsy, Suit by Livestock.p 1 Dct 45
Dei47; p 48 Dec48 I ompkins Heads Assn.p 20 Feb 41 Tissesr t Bc ist t t IkelN d .estc. 42 Jts 45
Brahman tIceders Enttering.p 30 Dec 47 Sist Chic (orse of the Mnth).p 27 Jus 45 Tater: (IIorse of file Month) p 27 Apr 45
Brahss Shot at Ocala P 10 Apr17; P 6-II Sunshine Park Opens t Oldsmar.1.p 34 Feb 47 Tegaidin Bull for Fla. Herd.p 21 Jul 44
a o47 Suppls Soon to Catch U1p (Ed).p 4 Mlay 43 Tel-Point Program, Little Hope (E) p 4 Jut 45
Bramilanis, Shots1 DiscUssed.p 34 Aug 48 Si'0ERANit., FRANK G. Texa F Iitj Is I Isittlily.p 42 Dci 47
C. E. Shut. Foist Xttual.p 4 Aug 43 liscstosk in Haiaii.p 12 Sep 40 Txas-Itorse ltops Lake Wales.p 20 Jal 44
Classes, N \et, Prov ided.1 48 Nov 48 Suiainiee Farimers Get 61 Jerseys. p 14Jun 41 C:sttle Xlay Enter State.1 15 Aug 46
Committee Peitts Iudging.p'l 4IMay 45 Sitan Island Draws Ire of Breeders .p 30 Aug 48 Thc'ie All Good Men; But Vote; (Ed). p 6 ?eiMr 48
Deondale Steers Shiotw, Dress.4.lin 47 18 Oct 47 T hird-Fla. Fat Stock Show.p 13 Oct 36
Duros, Fat Hogs, tt Sell. 47 wan Island Quarantie Told t lat it Nstios "Range" Cattle (Ed). 4 Apr 45
Durocs Sell, Oca to. > 35 No 47 i;llcn Joints Are- Big Danger .p 1)6 Jun 48 Tla.imatiossn "Rae" atmtls.p 42 Apr 45
I iTItti isSiesses Red', lielussanss. t 3. )'2 N1cm 48
Exhibit T r iic Sci eduled 1 c 4 Swaffer oin s Shorthorn Assn.p 9 Apr 43 joIs-c Pres. rah tti Assn. 2 i MIy 48
Fa t H ogs Show and Sell. p 13 A uO 4 0 SW AlSOt, L E T h r ed itS- CO ming i sis in Fla.p 14 M ay 45
Fliorida o g' ts S l e.l. .P 46 Unfa Reaction of Plienothiazine . 7 Jin 41 la. N stion lRecord.P 14 May 47
Florida C8-1tt1e No ',' 46 Sit e I akes Pla e in M a'rion County. .1) 36 Jan 16 F T e c Naii n Old (Ed).p 18 ? cs 3 8
F1 r .i l4 X. . . . . p 2 A-1 1 4 2 S it t e U l l s s I %% l sh e d . . . . . 3 9 J u st 4 3 T i m b l r I m p o r t a n t i n W r . . . . . .p 5 Dc t 4 4
o- H S t e e m e a t I l igh . . . . . . 8 4 e c lt lis ', l s Re p i t s . 2 8 A u g 41 3 Isilc f i o t Ctle A ls o . . . . . . p p 0 A p e 4 4
G a in es tlo B reed er-Fle d er SgO .l 1 9 A g4 0 M th od o f A ir-D r in g . p 10 J l 4 T S gesti t s C.l In s ry I 1p 0 A p r. 47
1 i 5 S ep 1; p e O c t4 Fr F ee d Im p o r t n t T O p ic . . . . .) 19 A u g 4 2 t ilt A W lks ( d ) . . . . . . I 14 le 36
Georgia Elects Failities. 4 Alr 45 His Flure as Food, Feed.p 23 Aug 44 Traig isn, FliasE.P 9 Ag 37
Her efrdi Ags, Tps.p 39 Feb 47 T Tail Of Golden Ones.p 8 Sep 37
Herefords 0 Show, Sell .1 6-1 Feb 47 1ists. Tioubles, Argentina Cattleman 6 Aug 38
flog Eventt, Big Estry iit.p 24 Oct 47 C stile Stealing Reported in 3 Co's.P 31 Felt 'I lrkey Iake Iicreford-ir lsts .I 54 M46 48
Horse Shotv, Sae -- 8B Sep 46 Le Co. Ist to Pay Reiad.1 70 Nov -18 sses S is, iiir sxlibit ias.4
Hts"-- sl. 15 Feb38; p 7 Feb39 O1li ials Pledged to Stolp Trespass'g. p 5 Sep 48 "1 iing Ag is to 1vestock .p 6 Aug 39
Iieriess.---- F .----.----t 16 Apr 46 Rustling Attarked i FSCA.p 21 Oct 25 Y enh'tk-Ie e, 'rs Dairy Pi ogrss 1 8 May 39
1airsinvil I. ltrida FI t Stock Shio-p 13 Oct36; Theft Cases Result in 2 I 4ahcs by Sanford Cow.p 14 Dec 40
itIitft Cie 9t stilt7 iIstrias p) 23 flt 46 fi ld ltci leI Istp 1 ee4
i 51ar3 ; 0 Ap'37; P 13 Jul37; 1) 10 Ihefts To Come Up FSCA Conv.p 14 Nov 48 TwO-l-Old Objective Beef ilt.1 16 Mar 44
18; P 18 ari 8; p 6 1eb39; p 12 Feb39; TOMs, 1iiill R. U
-18 Fe ; i 7 Not8 p 8 Oct40; 10 Mar Demionstrac Value of Bull .p 21 Jan 45 Uliriiolet Ray Tenderizes Beef .p i Oct 39
THg p 2MJ UM2NAIL SK EICsH p 7 Apr 37; p 7 May 37; U smatilla -HIII Boy's Duroc Irsos tsject .p 34 Oct 48
Sir1go -~-. -. ;. --. P 12 Dec 40 p 7 Mar 37 tileokS it Hois, O lfer to l ie. 10 lep 44
litl lterttiol, I ol I.-p 12 Apr3); p 10 Ti nisito, L. M. t isle Sam is Not-So-Silent Parter. .p 10 Dec 11
MaX39 1)3 21 Mar 1; p 6 Apr4l; 13 6 Apr42; Butteimilk Source of Revenue.p II Mar 37 Iisiots Couty Boy Wins Aard 29 Jan i
it 17 Ms143; p 18 Jun46; p 10 Jun47 TicKs UNIVIRSHY OF FLORIDA-
issitmuntee-p lI Oct40; 1) 24 May4!; p 11 Jul44; Avers G; s Support .p 9 Aug 47 hull Foundatiin if Gideiss' H ld.p 43 ful 46

1p X g i > l N o 4 4 ; P 8 D e c4 5 ; p 2 2 O c t4 6 ; l a r d X li i siFo rc ib ly . . . . . p 4 7 J u l 4 6 G c it 1 S t Id U st C a lf . . . . . . . 3 5 j u n 48
Lak C C6 lie Liked, A Xrs .p1 3 Sep 47 IIesd, One Of Olest Angus Heids.p 10-11 Nov 46
Ilike Cu uts Show by 4-H.p 36 May 47 Catslemcn Commend Gov. Cabinet. .p 4 Apr 46 let Add is tsilg Angis l .p 17 Jst 43
Ocala, Bigger I log Sloisi.p 24 Sep 48 Cattlemen Want Tiky Deer Resmov.p 19 Oct 37 Je'dgig lea Astiendins A is l 113 Nil 41
ca, Biahmtt Show-p 23 Dec'14; I 19 Ja144; Changes it 'ick Law Proposed p 13 Mar 37 U. S. Department of Agriculture p. 8 Dec 36
4 Febla; i 14 Fel4:I; p 8 Mar 45; 1) 10 Citimmsititee Hear t estiiony.p 7 Nov 41 L Fits "Ii Uto Anis". p 9 Dec 39
.falr p 23 Oct'15; p 4. .I 11- 46; p 26 Jan46; sogre ss Xii horizes Tick Control .p 5 n i 42 UN Tsi SitAIES SUGAR CORPORAtiON-
p 9 Fell46; p 3411 Feb4li; p 45 Nov46; 1) 2-Il Corps Use Range Despite Ticks. p 26 fun 46 BIe ding II (Ed). p i fists 44
F4ar-17: it I- I l-s7; pt 36 Aug17; It 8-II Deer Situation Bobs Up Again. 2 far 42 Doing Consiscing fil ( ). p 24 (li 43

.1 M4I F1 pig 'ients i get. 10 1cr 43 lIt' Ionth Herd p 28 Sei 45
Ius Sisk Shuts -p I" lhec4; p 26 .nt4l; di orial Comment p 18 Jan 38 Ploiject DraWs Williams. p 28 Fe 45
p 2ar4 ; 93 Dec41; 1I 20 Jan 42; p 8 Iradiatiol p 6 Aug 42 Ren-ices Ist Of I Purebredl Herds p 8 fu 8 4
Sli4 ; 14 N4'; p Il Dec42; Fei43; Is eiadiation of Cttle Tick .p 16 Apr 40 Utilizing ILand With Beef Cattle I 8 Feb 39
p Aug4' s I Xyi4; 14 19 Dec44; It 12 Eradiation of Tik Completed I3 6 Felt 44
Felbs; p 27 FIb4l; p 34BIFeb46; 1) 6 Apir46; Iradiation Plan Altered .p 46 V
I 8 Apr46: s ID> it p 42 jan47; p IS Iri (isation Pogram Safeguarded .fg3 4 Jul 46 ValdOsta--Show Set for Apr 20. p 21 Apt .12
:s p 8 \p ir4: I I .Ap47: p 23 Api47; E; I i cation Stmied Again 1) 18 Felt 40 Bceardsle Buys Fourteett. p 26 Jun 41i
p s- Jan48 t 4 Feb48 p 22 Feb48; p 34 Eradication uso ndsria 2 Co's p 4 Oct 42 Champion Heifer Sold. p 44 Api 47
1 048 p ilApr48; p 39 Mair48; p 22 Malr48 Fla. Ais Released Fiom Ticks p 8 Dec 36 Fla. Brcders COnsign. to Xch. Sale. p 59 Mar I8
Ocala, Flog Sho p 1( Aug 47 Fla. Iacs re iaded Fv r Tick Ag-in15.p 10 Feb 46 Polled SlIOwt, FlOhridianis Bly, Sell. p 315 ,k1)r 46
Ocala, Hogs Bring S24.04 16 Dec 47 Florida s Dec Killing Piogrami .p 6 Nov 39 Stock Shis, 215 Eniries. .p 8 M y I-
ii res I ow.t h Nu' 48 sLaw Stui'. 22 Apr 47 Vaullandinghallm Herd.p1 2-I Aug 4Ili
Orlando p. 25 Feb44; p 8 Oct 15 ckes Refuses e ss D isuss T icks' IDeer.p t 10 Feb 41 Veto Of M Carren Bill Disappointing .p 16 Dec -10
lensaola-p is Ma4; p 44 Oct46; p 24 Feb47; Impasse Re;chId lick Erad.p 5 Apr 41 Vets leear and E'rit its IIighlands. It 26 Jail 42
I C I1 pi47; p 8 Jun17 Kill Gulf sCoast Ticks. 17 Jul 37 "Vituals For V'ictory.p 26 Mity 42
Plant Cit).t 11 Feb 45 ILaer Deelopmients in lick Cease. 14 Mar 40 Vidalia-Floridians Buy 6 iHd. Angus. .1 13 Apr, 43
Pretiu, Catalog Issued.t 22 Dec 4i3 Measures of Tick Fight Told .p 11 Feb 46 82 Angus to lie Offered .p 40 Oct 43
Quite It 25 Ot11; I II Mar4S; p 8 Maey4l; Xlnce.t 18 Aug 39
p 14 Maru4i>;it 8 May46; p 9 Mav46; 23 Muddle Fla.'Market.1 16 Aug 48 W
1 i 7 p 8 M ayv7; p 31 M ay7; p I( lussul Ilk Ares ts u r Quarantine. 1 38 Apr 46 W age-Hour Law M odification.p 18 Dec .12
t I:> Noel 'i 19 Aptr48; U 56 Mav48; t I" hrsles San C' Up at FSCA. it 14 Nov 48 Wage-lour Muddle (Ed).p1 14 May -11
Jun18 .'ti Problem Near Solution.t 18 Jutn 37 Wainer to Bm At Jackson.p 1li Se 12
Reansge Cissie Shtwi imptnt. t Nut', Quarantind Aieas Defined.p 20 May 46 Wainwsrright lull Should Be Studied.p (; Jn 47


44 Spectre to Wdinright-1936-1939 INDEX The Florida Cattleman










Wilker-Cason Sale To, Is Reported. p 55 Apr 48
Walton County Ordered Good Bulls. p 14 Dec 40
WARD, W. F.
Fla. Ranges and Range Cattle.p 6 Sep 38
Results of Cattle Feeding Experim't. .p 5 Oct 37 Members of Texas Area 2, ABBA, announce their
Waring-Sale of Four Reported.p 40 Dec 16 M
Sells Hereford Bulls.p 30 Nov 46
War i aket (Fd).p 14 Sep 39
Waricn--Ierd One of Newest in State.1i 48 Mar 46
Plans Herd of 200 Head.p 44 May 46
W after Buffalo.p 8 Jun 38
AI IR CONTROLOL
Coimince Gets Work Underwa'y
Wa mIudu(la-Quarter Hoirse Center.p 13 Jun 44
%vill Be Host for Show, Sale Xlet 1p 23 Aug 45
W;a1(ross Banker Goes Into Bull Bus.p 16 'Mar 42 RHN
Websitr-Prize ione S2500.1 15 Jun I 6
lop Prizes Are Split.p 22 Dec 48
Victory Sale Nets S2700 in Bonds.p Set 42
Wt., Qualits Needed in Beef Prod.p 11 Jun 38
Weiland Owlin Champion Shorthorn.13 44 Apr 48
Weiss Sa lIe ANerage S- 13.25.p 29 May 44
Welcome to Gulf Cattlemen's Group (Ed).p 5
Aug-1 4CIO
Wells, Miss, New Taylor Home Agt. 1 16 Dec 40
WINlowoRiH, E(ARD N.
Adan(e Seen in Fla. Livestock p 24 Oct 45
West Reccises 50000 Cattle-Fia.p.1 23 Sep 47
'csleli oiIoirt Ied cf,.p 14 Oct 38 to feature 20 bulls and 8 females-all top selected individuals over
1A ht Is Rigit of Ownership (Ed) p 14 Sep 40
What The Wage-Hour Act Means.p 14 Jul 40 16 months of age-all halter broken and gentle-starting at 2 p.m.
AWn You Get Your Own.p 6 Jun 39
i I t URST, Eiior W.
reading g Cattle .p 5 Apr 49 at the
WHo's WHo iN HERDs
T. WV. IBroiwn.p 18 Jul 46
A. E. Carson F, Sons p 48 Apr 47
Circle LI Ranch.p 8-11 Feb 48 FA T STO C K SH O W
Dr. 1). W. Griffin. p 42 Sep 47
Hollins Wood Ra'nch.p 23 Nov 46
.Jackson Record JInproviung.p 4-1t Feb 47
Eiate-Geo. WV. AMonroe-Qtiincy. .p 40 Jurn 48
Rase' iiti Ctl.p. in 4 HOUSTON, TEXAS
F~. C. Peters p 20 Sep 46H OSN T E A
J. P'. Ramisey's Angus Cattle 1 36 Jun 47
S. M. Strom.P 22-II Nov 47
Suti Lake Ranch.p 40 Aug 48
WHo's WHo IN HOGS Walter Britton, College Station, Texas, auctioneer
Pioneer Breeder Harry Boyles.p 18 Oct 48
WHR--Herd Eilowed for 25 Years .p 10 Mar 39
Herefords Consistent Winners. p 13 Sep 39
Whs I Wrote "Right of Ownership' (Ed).p 4
Oct -0
Wickrd Suggests Four Things.p 2 Jan 42 208
WILKENS, Nll rijl,
Auction M .at DeFuniak Popular. .p 12 Jan 41 MALES FEMALES
Williamis-And Egan Win at Ocala.p 26 Feb 46
Asks Or-derly Mrrketing.p 15 Aug 44
licrd, Folk's Newest.p 18 Sep 44
S;1s Delay is Costly.p 33 Sep 45
Shows Aniuals.P 12 Dec 46
WIAMs, J. F.
One Crackers View of Packing.p 7 Dec 38 CONSIGNORS INCLUDE
Irogress in Breeding. 1 f; Feb 39
W I ro "Right of Osip. Oct 40 Claude Appling, Lotise, Texas J. D. Hudgins, Hungerford, Texas
Arcaidia As A Cattle Market .p 5 Tjll 39
Crisis in Cattle Iiiustry.P 5 Apr-38 Clemens Appling, Louise, Texas M. I. Janes, Beaumont, Texas
i-tiglliay Fenicitug-Roani Dept'.*Dut'y*. .p 5 Mar 37
Money Speit For Feed.p 7 Nov 39 D. H. Appling, Louise, Texas Gco. V. Nelson, Katy, Texas
Pastire Cultivation Experiments. p 6 Oct 36 Glenn Faver, Jasper, Texas G. A. Parr, Alice, Texas
President FSCA. p 5 Oct 36 Te sBtrak ihScolF.ASnAn
Progress of Industry Reviewved .p 29 Jan 47 May ea inhitvitr,
Ramlin T ro u e p S Mary Rea Finehiout, Victoria, Texas BUrbank High School, F.F.A., San An-
Raml ing Trog West Fla.p 5 Atig 39
IrI ng' oL Bs h . .p 12 Jan 41 Vernon AV. Frost, H ouston, T exas ton o, Texas
Wilat lie Proper "Mineral" Did.p 7 Sep 38 J. T. Garrett, Danbury, Texas Stanton Brahman Ranch, Alvin, Texas
Wlliamsons Sell Registered Cattle.p 12-II Aug 46
WutioG kesY C. k. HT-Stock Farms, Natchitoches, La. Claude W. Smith, Jr., Baytown, Texas
Action Markets for Livestock.p 12 Nov 46
Origin of Breeds of Cattle.p 7 Jun 37

inotton Progressive over 60 Yrs. .p 8 Nov 46 Write for information to Room 203, 2711 South Main Street, Houston, Texas
Breed of Beef Cattle Now Used.p 6 Feb 40
molpy Is Champ 'it Palatka p 50 Oct 47
Winners Named in Essay Contest. 12 Oct 44
Winners Cotte From Florida.p 16 Apr 48
niter Pastures- .---- . .9 7 O t3
Wiintcr p'irstiii.X. p 7 Oct 31
Wter a'Ostres Are Urged.p 16 Mar 47
Winteriig Beef Cattle Results.p 9 Nov 36
wishes Success; Offers Assistance.p 19 Jan 41
Worker Sale Jan 16 at Moultrie .p 23 jan 42
Worrier sale at MttieRsls i (1febl 42
W iorll Bee Appreciated .p 10 Atg 42 The M eat W e Eat-by Ziegler
olen Influence Dairy Industry.p 9 Dec 36
W ,RIGIIT, HAMIILTON rM.
'MecW'ized Warare"'Makes Pastures.p 10 Jun 42 A butchering mansual-a handbook of every-

X thing front slaughtering to carving. Covers
"X" Disease Danger Increases.p 21 Dec 48 curing, tanning, storing (lockers), cuts and
i 4 s gsformulas. 375 pages of practical information
y I on handling meat.
To Fatten Cattle.p 10 Feb 41
YEOMANS, M. S.
Permanent Screw Worm Control.p 13 Mat 37
YOUNG, GEORGE 0. plus 3 %
01SounId Filnancing in.p 14 Dec 41 CODY
Youth Work Active in Highlands.p 48 Nov 48 State Sales Tax

ZETRUER JEANETE ZBOX 891, KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA

Fla to be Source for Feeders.p 31 Oct 48


for January, 1950 1936-1949 INDEX-Walker to Zetrouer 45











BRtAHMIANS RESIST Disease

In Dade County Herd,

Dr. M. Jay Flipse Reports

Outbreak of hemorrhagic septicentia kills

cattle of other breeding, Brahmans are

not even affected by the disease

W ii ns 1 cattlemnii believe that Brah- discharge from the nostrils. I thought
mans are disease-resistant, it remains for it was a case of deficiency in minerals
I)i. M. Jay Flipse of Miami to document and vitamins due to the mother being
ase in whiiI Brahmans actually milked too close to the time of birth of
istecd heiorrhagic septicemia (ship- the calf. I investigated at the dairy
Ig fever) as cattle of other breeding where I had purchased the calf and found
died around them. that when the calf was born it had been
Here is Dr. Flipse's letter: placed in a stable where a cow had diel
I am passing on to you an interesting with "shipping fever" or hemorrhagic
story indicating the resistance of the septicemia, and in this manner had in-
Britiahman breed to disease. This story fected my calf barn with what proved
s rom a friend of mine whose cattle to be a very contagious disease.
operationss consist of raising calves chiefly "'When this disease first developed in
of the milk strain but also including the calf barn, I cleaned the barn thor-
Tme beef strain breeds. oughly, but made the mistake of putting
'He purchases his calves, new born, the old bedding from the barn on my
Mnd raises them on a scientific diet con- compost pile instead of burning it, thus
sisting of milk derived from a herd of the hemorrhagic septicemia spread by
iiilk cows; powdered milk added to the flies either through water or feed to tie
resh cow's milk and cereal supplement other three herds.
designed to produce healthy growth. "'My niortality in the number 4 herd
"A year or two ago, I interested him (i46 calves, two to i weeks old, 12 one-
in the Brahman breed and furnished him quarter to one-half Brahnman, remainder
with a bull, three lieifers and two calves. dOmestic) was 27. Loss in the number
iromi time to time I have inspected his 3 herd (two Braliian, 28 domestic three
herd and observed his operations with to nine months old) was three domestic
interest. animals. In the number 2 herd (fotir
'Up Until the fall of 1946, his herds Brahman, 31 domestic) the loss was foutr
were remarkably free from disease and domestic animals and again the Bra-
miortality. At that time, he got into mans did not contract the disease. In
difficulties. Heitzmorrhagic septiceiia was the number i herd (one BTahman, 21
introduced into his herd with a young domestic) there was no loss, althotighi
calf he had purchased. The disease ran these animals were sick with exception
through his entire herd of cattle result- of the Brahman.
ing in a mortality of 16.1 percent of his 'Here I want to state that I havc
calves and young stock. found in actual experience and observa-
"Ranging with the herds in which this tion that the Brahman- cow, purebred,
Mortality occurred, there were 18 head one-half or one-quarter l)red, has show
thof full blood and part Brahman calves to me that they have a greater degree
of the same age group. My friend was of resistance and immunity to the
astounded and I was gratified to note common disease of cattle than any other
that there was io mortality in any of breeds of cattle that I have had the
these animals with Brahman blood, in opportunity to observe.'
fact none of these part or full blood
T1he reent U.CS. Sgar Corporation Field Brahman cattle showed any symptoms of Jacobs Heads PAZA
Day at Clewiston attracted 150. Cross- the disease.
breds were featured. Top to bottom, "The story of this observation is best DR. WIitAM STATES JACOBs of Houston,
these pictures show: Crossbred cows with told in the words of this operator him- Tex., has been elected president of tle
their calves; Sid Crochet, left, ranch man- self: Pan American Zebu Association at l
ager, with Albacrata, 7r., top herd sire: 'On Atgust rd, I purchased one San Antonio meeting recently. Jacol)s
Accom Parker of Arcadia with crossbred
calf; Charollais-Brahman cross, which Holstein calf from a local dairy and on has been a director of the American Brah-
Sugar Corporation thinks is very promise_ the same day I noticed the calf cough- man Breeders' Association for 25 years,
ing. ing, breathing hard and with a slight but recently resigned from that post.

46 The Florida Catflemiali










33 Jerseys Average $365 For smoth, easq fit


At Annual Sale; Orlando

Scene of Tenth Event

THIRTY-THREE registered Jerseys brought At the Jersey Clb's annual meeting
aN erage S.05 at Orlndo November the eNing before the sale Welkener give you non-stretch
is as the lorida Jersey Cattle Club held was reelected president, and members
its Tenth .\ nnual Sale at the State Live- decided to hold a WCst Floritla Sale in, HAND
stock Pavilion. Marianna with 4o Florida-consigned
loin McCord of Montgonmery, Ala., animals on March 16. Frank DeBord of -I P
tried the sale which saw X. Standard Ivy Qni ICy' was named chairman.
Butlervnp bring S7(( for consignor Other olhcers elected were Stuart, vice VAMPS
Walter Welkener of Jacksonville from president, and F. E. Bactzman of Or-
Clande B. Roberts of Orlando. land, Orange Cotinty Agent, secretary-
Second high-selling animal was Spark- treastirer. Directors, in. addition to Dc-
ling Aoble Wonder, consigned by the Bord are: W. J. Nolan, Sr., Jacksonville:
Polk County Commission and purchased J. J. Smith, St. Augustiie: Guy
by J. K. Stuart of Bartow for S(i50. Wacistetter, Delray Beach: Carlos Griggs
Top-selling bull, purchased by Henry Suimmerfield: George Sixma. Lake Helen:
Trimnbull of Plaiiville, Coun., Was Dr. R. 1). Recker, Gainesville: John NV.
Melrose Dandy Snowdrop Lad, con- Page, Fe irnandina: and L. V. Minear,
signed by Melrose Plantation of Thomas- Juliter.
Nile, Ga. which brouLht v85 I largest individual buyer at the sale
was the Polk County Board of Commis-

registerecl Jerseys. A. T. Alvarez of' .
sioers whch )ai 5s2o or iveof heASK/
SJacksonville was second largest buyer, YOUR DEALER
paying Si 760 for five. Other buyers
were Stiart, Trumbull, WVilliai C T. T
Session, Jr., of Jacksonville, Howard T E X A S
Kellie of Orlando, A. V. Brown of River Standard of the West Since 1879
Junction. Pennock Plantation of Jupiter,
Ira C. Barrow of New Smyrna Beach,
Roy A. Kincaid of' Lake Wales. Dellortl The Box F Brand of our
and Roberts. Prairie Acres Ranch
Bulls sold, hy consignor, with purchas-
el and price paid, were as follows: Live Stock
Welkener-Obser er Dsign Trea Roser Are B y
Robeirs S235; Sybil Poiipey X. standard, Kincaid
S200; X. Standard Ivy Observer, Pennock S285: GILBERT S. FORTUNE
Mielrose Plantationl-Melrose DanldN Snow~drop KSIME LRD
L I Prumbi iii KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA
1ei;iles sold. by consignors, with LICENSED & BONDED E
for Ior WI1RE
)Irciaser a nd price paid, were as Protection Phone 4201
follows:
Frank I. Dellord aid Sort, Quiny-Louisoxford
iaifair Sue. Brown S190;
lorida School for tle Deaf and Blind-D. & I.
Bet's Rioal Viola, Kellie SI95: D. & B. Double LIVESTOCK LOANS
Roi, Barrow S200; 1). & B. Royal Doule,
Deiiord S225: ). & It. Royal etta, Polk Conim is
sions S200; 1). & ii. Souvenir's Fero, Stuart S17 ; We n you to
Tromim iiltto, Bartow-Obsercer Onyx Duchess,
Polk Commissioners S500; Bank with us by mail
Wv. .I. Nolan. jacksonville-Aim Phyllis, Sessions
Aristocrat BeIsN, Kellie S425; Belly Doiino,
Sessions S300; stall Grace, Sessions 5325; THE FIRST
John Pag, Fernidina-i)reaiig Bounce
'arcia, ilarrow S185; Dreamting Design R it, Ke lie A I N LB
S.195; Dreainiig Ferin Actress, Alvarez $18 ;
1) ,am ing ighty Christine, Barrow S200;
Tbelt, animals br-ollgh1 lop money at Pentiock Plantation-Gold Standardt Stil Flamle, KIssIMMNEE FLORIDA
T loorida ^/jsc (; $70le Club sale at O r- rn S500: Standa d Florida Thistle, Brow__ S_ __
flrk Coti Board of 47oissione.s-sparkling
an1do in Xovember. Upper Panel sh1ows F'illpail Pinkie, Stuart $395; Sparking Noble "A batik for cattlemen
Collsignorl lValler W1elkener of yackson- wonder, Stuart S650; ,
Z411i'lli jt and Bnyer Claude B. Rob- .stUart-Biltmo)(1e BaSileuIs C, Polk Commis. u ycatee
"11v Of 0rlando with X. Standard 1zvy stners le; Fieldis-ohserver Draconis Victoria,
131llerclup, while bottom panel shiows Roberts S610; Royal Robin Plrincess, AIvarez $310;
Buyr enry Trumbutzll of Plainville, Nwelkener-observer Design Gilda, Polk Commis- Mme r F.s Ds I. tC.$50
(:011., Willh Melrose Dandy Snowdrop sioners S385; Observer Draconis Betie okto ea-ch Depositor
I Cd Commissioners $ 62 5; Observ~er Treva Crystal,
consigned by Mlelrose Mlantation of AXvarez $360; X. Standard Ivy BlltterCulp. Roberts
T~Omas-,ij1le, Ga. $700; Pompey Royal Dolores, Alvarez $485. ----

/or January, 1950 4










For the KowbeUes:

Index to Advertisers
"S" denotes Second Section
Adams City Hatters.25 Gibbs Corporation .52 Peninsular Tel. Co.28
Adams Co., The.25 Golden Arrow Farms.27 Perdido Ranch .36
Ahrano, Frederick NV.21 Gould Ranch .31 Persons, Inc. .23
Allen Service Sta. 48 Griffin, Dr. D. V.35 Pine Acre Farms.35
American Angus Assn.36 Griffin, Eugene F.30-S Plant City Welding&Ta-nk.49
American Brahman Assn. I-S H-C Ranchwear .26 Plymouth Citrus .14
Arcadia House 16 H aile-Dean Seed Co. 22 Polk Brahman Farms, F a v o r ite
Babcock, vose.9qS Hart, T. C .2-S .4-S, 5-S, 36-S
Bar Seven Ranch. lardee Coun.t_ Market .41-S Portable Cattle Chute. 4
1ev1Rnc. 9 Haris, L. S 48 Prath r, G. H.2 34 by ETHEL H-ALES STANCIL
Brrry's .I5 Harris, L. S .48-_S Purtls .4S
Barthle, J. A., & Sons. .39-S 1aenH.o Purinals.22- byEHLHL3 TNI
Barthle's U Ranch 39-S Heart Bar Rac,.s Purina.13 Janualy i. Ill. many households after
Beardsley Farms. 19, :15 Henley, W .29 Race and Race.14-S
Beaucsamp, Lamar, Herzberg's .19 Rainbow Ranch .3-S Christmas and New Year's Day have gone
.4-S, 5-S, 36-S, 16 Higtdon, G. Philip .43-S Rainswater, Crascford.36 teei e-onfeig o 0i
Be'c le. Herman 3 _1Hilncl Acres Far.35 at r there is a let-down feeling. Not so in
1inghaiH Seetd Company 7 Hillsboro Livestock, Inc. .27 Reid, D. D.2-S ours! A new baby, whom we named
1Blacksell, Stockbridge 47 S Horne Brothers .48 Richardson, A. R.21
Brsc-Forman Distillers 5 Hudgins, J. 1).14-S Riggs Hereford Ranch.34 William (for his maternal grandfather)
Brown 8, Mach .- Isherod, .36 Ro Holl .32 Harold (for a paternal uncle who lost
IhrodW.S.36 Rodelieaver, Homner .5 (frapaenl nl wols
C. B. Moak. 15 Jackson Grain Co.51 Rose, Carl G.32 his life in the Pacific during the war)
C;anion Duroc Farm .35 ames Farms .42-S Rosemnere Farin .32
Case, J. I., Co. 2 Tarco Corporation .20 Rowell, D. IV.20 fills each day with wondrous fascination.
Cast) Feedl Co .10 Tlhostots. Mrs. Pat .19-S
Caterpillar 52 Jones, Minor s. III Santa Fe River Ranch.33 January 1o. "Whenever I grow dis-
Chapman, Geo. A. 2S Justin Boots .4- Saund-ssers, w. B.y .31
Schtell, r. R. &- lL. P*'- 35 Satisfietd with mly humble little home,"
Chaires Ranch 42S encarol Farms .35 Security. Mills 4 a neighbor told me, "I go to visit a friend
Circle LP Ranch. 31 Fe more Ranch .35-S Shelley Tractor 52
Clay, R. T., Jr .2S Kennedv, T. L.29-S, 36-S Shore's Mens Wear.24 who lives far back in the country. Her
Clewiston Motor .52 Kiser, L. P.36 Shorthorn Cooperative .35
Clover Bar Ranch .47-S Kissimmee Market .16-S Simonton Ranch, Inc. 36 house has only the barest necessities, yet
Commercial Bank .8-S Lakeland Cash Feed Co.10 Simpson, Hackney .23-S she keeps it spotlessly clean and uncoml-
Conc SMutual Life. 0 I LaMotte. W. 1.26 Sloan, Dave.27-S
Connell Stock Farm.30 Langford, L. T.33 Smith, A. A.37-S plainingly meets each new day. She has
Cooper, .W. Latv T. Ranchs. 27-S Smiths, Clyde---------. -----
Crae Ce R I Lederle Laboratories 9 Smith, never known screens over her doors and
CranCreek rnTh Locala Phosoliate Co.31 Smith Ranch .29 windows, a rug for her floor-nor a host
Creek Farms, The.9 Lovett's Food Stores.28 So. Fla. Brahman ,
Davis, A. D. F Snead.33 Lusamar Farmss .36 Breeders .14-S of other things which I take for granted."
Deep Creek Farm.l-S Lykes Brothers, Inc.24 South Fla. Motor Co.nuary 15. Until recently I had never
Devondale Farm .29 Mach, Brown and.39-S SE Brahman Breeders,
Diamond R Ranch.2-S MacEachen, Dr. R.38-S .24-S, 25-S owned a pressing cloth. I depended on
D~iamontd XV Ranch .42-S Mfauazine Mart.36 SE Duroc Assn 27
Double 1 R 33 Makinson, XV. 1., Co.t24 SE Fat Stock Sos., a piece of brown wrapping paper, sprink-
Duane, Jn. P., & Son .35 Mann, G. IV., Ranch, .8, 24-S, 25-,S
Duda, A., and Sons.7-S 29-S, 37-S Springfield Farm. led, to act as one. It is rather queer
DuPolnt, E. I., de Nemoirs.l6 Martin, F. A., Seed Co. 8 Stansell's Fars, Supply.11 that I'd never thought to buy one. They
Durrance Ranch.4-S, 5-S, 28-S Maxy Fertilizers 20 Stockbridge & Blackwell.47-S
Durwood Mill .49 M Bar I Ranch. Stuart. W. H.13-S are inexpensive and give a pressing job
Echo Gardens .30-S Xedlock Tractor Co.23 Sun Lake Ranch.49 a professional look.
Es feeker Steel Co.26 Suni-Citrus Products 17 a
El Comodoro Hotel .19 Nlton Hereford Ranch. .33 Suwannee Drug Co.15 January 22. Mrs. William W. Richard-
Epco Ranch 31S idvete Hereford Farm.A." Swift K Company.6, 30
Epperson, G. F Jr. 31 Mlii Pond pla-ntation.48 Tabit, John .21 Sol (of Simonton Rtnch, Micalnopy)
Farmser, Russell .41--S Milligan Ranch .36 T Hart Ranch.22-S sent me a tasty protein-packed recipe
Ferguson Ranch .22-S Mirror Lake Farms.35 Thompson & Gill.28 .c,
First National, Kissi ee. 47 Modena Plantation .13 for macaroni casserole as her family
First National, Leesburg. .20 Modern Xelding Co.98 U. S. Sugar Corporation. .47-S
Flato Brahitans .1-S ozly, .1. E.20 VC Fertilizer Co. 3 favorite.
Florida Angus Assn.3 Murphy, Oakley .19-S V-W Ranch .43-S The recipe is one which can be made
Fla. Citrus Canners .16 Naco Fertilizer Co.17 Vandegrift, Roy .43-S
Fla. Duroc Breeders .7 Nat'l Cottonseed .10 VanLandingliam Bros. .38-S up in advance, placed in the refrigerator,
Fla. Favorite Fertilizer .35 Newman, W. .31 Vigortone Products .11 and popped in the oven 25 or 30 minutes
Fla. Fence lost Co I7 Nocona Boots X walker Fertilizer Co 19 b
Florida Hereford Assn. .33 Norflert, P. J.30 before meal time. (I prepared mine
Florida power. Light Co.27 Norris Cattle Co. I, 45-S, i8 Weiss, Mike- 2-S
For Hamer Rac ii 36 OrneSaeStc 4S Westbtry-, Harry----------3i-S early Sunday morning and baked it for
Fort HmrRn.3 Orange State Stock 14-S Western Boot 24
Fortune, Gilbert S. .4 O'Reilly, Eugene .36-S Whaley Co., The.17-S dinner, after coming home front church.)
Frost. Vernon W. 36 Oxley, NV. E.33-S Wilbanks Bros. .42-S Mrs. Richardson states that she has
Fugle, L. E. 1S pan American Zebu Assn. 33-S Williams, E. W.27-S
Cainesville Market .16-S, 27 Pancoast, .J. Arthur .35 Willis, R. A.48 doubled and even tripled the propor-
G~rrdner, P. .35-S Panileta Farms .35 Wilson & ToormerI.16.
;atrell Duroc Farm .19 'artin, Henry 0.21-S Ninn and Lovett. 28 tions and found the results pleasing.
Satrell & Moore 19 Pasco Packing Co. 20 Wood Mowers 21 Melt four tablespoons fat in frying
Geraci, Mr. & Mrs. Louis.I9 lPecan Acres .36-S Workman, J. D.35
pan. Brown in fat one medium onion
which has been chopped and one lb.

At Your Serv~ice round steak ground. Add one can totl-
GUY ALLEN ato sou and one cup water with
SERVICE STATION Phone 5155 teaspoon salt and pepper to taste. When
Bermuda at Bryan Kissimmee boiling point is reached, add one cup
macaroni and cook until tender (about
10 minutes) Add k lb. American cheese
Registered Aberdeen-Angus cattle F O R SA L E which has been cut fine, and one cul
bred and handled to secure for us cut blanched almonds. Add one cal
repeat customers. Visit Florida's Registered Brahmans mushrooms or one can mushroom souP.
fastest growing Angus herd.
Females all ages. Some bred heifers and cows Pour into buttered casserole dish and
ith calves by side. Bulls 3 years old
aILL POND and younger. cover top with I cup bread crumbs. Bake
PLANTATION Prices Reasonable in hot oven (375 F.) for 25 minutes (Ii
R. A. Willis, Owner Box 28, Rt. 2 mORNE mushroom soup is used instead of mullsh-
MARIANNA FLORIDOcala, Fla. BROS. rooms bake about 35 minutes) Serves
MAOAaNAaFLORIDAPhone 687 Black six generously.

'48 The Florida Cattleman



























BOX 7 LUTZjFLORIDA


highways; beaut i fu I rolling country. Price in-
ments and equipment less than $63.00 per acre,
terms.
JEVERGLADES MUCK land between Miami and
Fort Lauderdale on highway 6,000 acres at $3--1.00
CLIS UEI'El MARE T Iper acre, terms.
212,000 ACRES, or in smaller tracts, pasture
land part fenced in heart Florida's oldest cattle
Classified advertising in these columns must reach our office not later than the 1st of country, S7.00 per acre, terms. B 1rell Realty,
month preceding date of publication. The Florida Farm Bureau Bulletin is published the 10th, Fort Lauderdale, 'hone 2-3274. 150p
The Florila Cattleman is published the 20th, and the Southern Livestock Journal, the 25th. REGISTERED CATTLE
Rate is 10c per word, $2.00 monthly minimum for The Florida Cattleman, in combination REGISTERED ANGUS AND POLLED HEREFORD
with the Southern Livestock Journal. Florida Farm Bureau Bulletin ma'y be included at CATTLE-We have bulls and females of all ages
the rate of 20c per word, $4.00 minimum for all three magazines. Address Cody Publications, for sale. MILLIGAN RANCH, Callahan, Fla. 249tf
Inc., Box 891, Kissimmee, Florida. SEASONED REGISTERED ANGUS BULLS now
available. Also yearling bulls and heifers. Fort
I_ I Hamer Ranch, Bradenton, Fla. Telephones 34962
and 3490:.
CATTLE CHOICE HOLSTEIN and Guernsey cows: G. C. PASSMORE FARMS, Route 6, Box 263,
WISCONSIN Holstein and Guernsey cattle; spring- Springers, fresh cows and fall freshening heifers; Montgomery, Ala., 300 registered Angus cattle.
ers, fresh cows, bred heifers and yearlings; TB- TB and Bang's tested. Truck or carload lots. 36tfc
Bangs tested. Truckload-carload lots. Large selec- Large selection on hand. Dairyland's Progressive PLANTS
lion plus fieldtnan'i service. Circular free. George Acres, Menominee Falls, Wis. Phone 1872 949150p PLANTS
Klein, Dairyland's Progtcssive Acres, Menomisonee MISCELLANEOUS FREE ROSE CATALOG! 1950 AARS winners; 150
Falls, Wisconsin. Telephone 3700. 750p patented and standard varieties in beautiful full
CATTLE MARKERS DRY BONES WANTED-All you have. We pay color. Write nowl The South's largest growers of
cash and can use any quantity. Walker Fertilize patented roses. TY-TEX NURSERIES, DEPT. CC,
DAISY CATTLE MARKERS complete with chain, Company, phone 6771, Orlando, Fla. 96tf VETERINARY SUPPLIES
GObE A RO FR aDec Wpt\rt for Huntg FENCE POSTS GUARANTEED for 25 years-Creu- COMPLETE STOCK veterinary medicines and
ton, Ind. 87tf sotef UNDER PRESSURE, uniform in size, easy supplies. Schmidt's Phenothiozine Compound
to handle, Southern Forest Products Co., Inc., Live S4 gallon; Schmidt's Cobalt Copper Iron Compound
EMPLOYMENT Oak, Fla. 11249c $1.50 gallon; Pink Eye Salve $1.25; Blackleg Serum,
RANCH MANAGER WANTED To buy, sell and EVERGLADES LIGHTWOOD HEART PINE Hvpos, Needles, etc. Mail orders accepted.
manage feeder cattle on large operation near round fence posts any size or amount. Prices Schmidt Products Co., Kissimmee, Fla. 1149tf
Belle Glade, Florida; living quarters and trans- quoted on request. State amount desired and de-
portation furnished and substantial salary will be livery point. Douglas L. Craie, RFD 1, Piney
paid. Reply by letter only giving background and Point, Palmetto, Fla. 450c
references to Dept. IPH, care of the "Florida PALOMINOS, PINTOS, PONIES. HORSES TANKS & TROUGHS
Cattleman". 150c PALOMINO SADDLE HORSES, Hackney. Welsh.
FARM EQUIPMENT Shetland ponies. How old your children? How- Fr
FOR SALE OPEN VAT CREOSOTE POST TANK ard Chandler, Chariton, Iowa. 28f
-36 ft. long, 5 ft. wide, 5 ft. deep. With REAL ESTATE M olasses eedin
steam coil pipe-s, steat, trap and 15 ft. copper Molasses____________Feeding________
coil thermometer. Vat %/ inch boiler plate welded INTERESTED IN BUYING 140 ACRE RANCH-
-specially reinforced. Weight 11000 lbs. $750 more available? Fine home, near town. Write
F.O.B. Bristol, Fla. J. S. Alexander. 150c for printed description. Owner, Brookside Apart- We manufacture units of any
PUMPS FOR EVERY PURPOSE-All sizes and ments, Starke, Fla. ll-150p size for all feeding problems . .
pes from stock. Pipe, Valves, and Fittings.
Jnustrial Supply Corporation, Box 5116, Tampa LISTINGS WANTED on farms, ranches, and easily installed . Tanks, sup-
6, Fla. 75t1 cut-over timber lands all over the state. A. R.
JIM BROWN FENCE CATALOG FREE! Jam- Richardson, Tallahassee, Fla. 550p ports, troughs, valves and fittings
packed with most complete selection of Farm FOR SALE-Cattle Ranch and Farm, 25 miles . all reasonably priced. Write
and Field Fence in 10 years. Famous BROWN from Jacksonville, 335 Acres fenced and crossed
IENCE & WIRE quality that have served American fenced, 130 Acres improved pasture balance.cleared, or call for full particulars and
farms for over 60 years. New Low prices and bordered one side by large streak, two creeks flow prices.
closer shipping points save you more money through property. Two flowing 3" wells, water
WRITE JIM BROWN, Dept. CS, Memphis 2, piped to all pastures. One barn, and corralls,
Tenn. 150c equipment shed and cow stalls, fitting barn, feed
TRACTOR PARTS HEADQUARTERS. 1950 cata- shed. Two tenant houses, chicken house and
log Free. Prompt service. We sell for less. yard, hog run. Masonery constructed Ranch type Plant City W ending
Mercantise guaranteed. Acme Tractor Supply residence one year old, three bed rooms two tile
Copanyinn, gu bra k AcmeTraco baths, kitchen, living room, dining room. Modern & ompany
lutipay, Lincoln, Nebraska. 350c conveniences it all houses, R.E.A. Electricity to all
GRADE LIVESTOCK houses and barns. PRICED TO SELL, $29,000.00
GRADE BRAHMAN BULL YEARLINGS AND will require $10,000.00 cash, bal. TERMS. Write, Phone 294
CALVES for tale at the ranch. Unusually good Walter Denson, Jr. Owner, Russell, Fla. (Clay
quality, 7/8 and 15/16 Brahman mostly grays, $100 Countty). 156c oia U. S. 92, one mile east
each. Henry 0. Partin & Sons. Kissimmee, Fla. 68tf FIORIDA'S FINEST highly developed farm and
A DAILY CASH MARKET for your livestock. ranch in best hunting antd fishing region; about PLANT CITY FLORIDA
FRANK E. DENNIS, INC., 2135 Forest St., 12,000 acres; all types soil, itick, prairie, high
Jacksonville Florida, Phone 74-158. tf timbered lands; streams and lakes; railroad; paved




Buy by the truckload direct froM the Mill



YDERWOOD CATTLEPELLETS

THE DERWOOD MILL e DERWOOD, MARYLAND



10r January, 1950 49










DIRECTORY Editorially:
OF AFFILIATED ASSOCIATIONS Making Hay MightNot Be
with innate and address ofMa i gH y ihtN tB
secretaryBad Business in Florida

ALACHUA
looniis BI itch, Box 229, Gai nesvil Ic, Fla.
BAY T HGE OTHER DAY we were talking to ia this inmagazinei, and that vIn will (oil.
J. A. Sornsen Panama City 1nm about growing hav. tintie letting ns know what Von want to
BREVARD
James T. Oxford, Cocoa, Fla. lis mia i has just returned fromn (r Col- read (as well as what you don't Wait to
BROWARD rado where he has been working on a read) in TIlF FLORiDA CA'ILEMAN.
Robert S. Prsor, Ft. Lauderdale .
CENTRAL FLORIDA rmih where hay must be grown in or- We predict thit the cattle ndnstry in
(Orange, Seminole, Lake) (er to provide winiiter feed. If there is this state will continue to grow during
C. R. Dawson, Sanford no hay, the cattle will (lie. 1950 and the ensuing years. e '
CHARLOTTIE (lu Foida ranchers torlA remtl -a e Yeart
N. H-. MuQueen, Punta Gorda He asks: 'Why don't Floi
DADE grow their own hay like the westerners." our- readers lor imainy vears to come.
Charles Steffamn. Court House, Miami Well, we told hii that we thonghit
DESOTO
W. L. Woods, Arcadia that within a few years most Florida Let's Make This Our
DIXIE ranchers would be growing hay. We al- New Year's Resolution
N. V. McQueen. Pun a Gor a so told hin that a lot of them are il-
(lendrL and Collier) ready growing, not only hay, but othi TI- suij pti oi New Year's resolutionis
GA B n aBelle feedstuffs to provide food for their cattle is always supposed to come up at this
A. G. Hutchinson, Moore Haven during the winter. time of year, and we have one we would
GULF Wve also said that niany other Flor- like to uOmminiend to all cattlemen. You
C. R. aired. WeEahitchka idians have tried growing hay, and should write it down like this:
HARDEE"Isoltvieidonlkth:
E. I. Vance, Wauchula have been unsuccessful because Of the "I resolve that I will attend the Amer-
HERNANDO nioisture content and the inadequacy of ican National convention in Miamii ian-
u" hr C' Oss City
H1. Brinklir, Brooksville 11atural curing-bLnt that hay driers are iary 4-7, because I can ieari a lot fron
HIGHLANDS no-W in use which appear to solve this dif- the cattlemei I'll mect, and beciise its
N7. 'r. Oxci Schring IfiCiltvs. tile ( t1III 'l M ea d IC al i'
HILLSBOROUGH the duty of Florida cattleniu to make
J. 0. Armor, Plant City Since Florida's cattle economy is based the westerners feel at hoie.''
HOLMES on marketing of calves, it is important a gt.''
stuat C.Ben BonfayI'll also have a good timle."
Stuart C. Brl, Bonifay that calves be dropped. Cows which are WVl 1 e sce yoni n ianii?
INDIAN RIVER 'i wSe oinMal
Marcel A. Boudet. Vero Beach, Fla. not bred won't drop any calves, and
W. C. J RC.ON poor cows won't grow out their calves Is That Barbed Wire
TIEE as well as fat Cows.
C. P. Heuck. Ft. years Winter feed is an essential here just as Being Strung Now?
LEVY it is in the W~est. And growing of hay -,-ills i~ sraicltcrliitertit i
T. D. Rickenhaker, Bronson isjusT a gentle reminder that, ill
MANATEE -or cane, or oats, or clover-isn't so hard oly six mire ioitis. Florida's cattle
Murray Harrison, Palmetto that any rancher can't do it, at least 0n must be so confined that they will not hc
MARION Ilntb oCnie htte ilntb
C-rl Hendricks, Ocala, Fla. part of his land, with equipment nown o oi aly state oi federal ili-
MARTIN available. If by keeping your cows fit er
wayvs.
L. 1. Johnson. Stuart during the winter von can achieve a 75 otal. .
NASSAUIo lotatlleltiswl lclfl-
Gordon Flls, Hilliard percent calf crop instead of a 50 percent i n"-to sonic ii isolated atreas-it woll.
OKEECHOBEE calf crop, it isn't hard to figure that you i-s
Clifford R. Bosies, Okeechobee e o But i whatever classilication you fall,
OSCEOLA ie l.g to have half again as many don't let July I collie around I without
Pat Johnston, Jr. Kissimmee calves to market the next fall.
PALM BEACH Let's make hay! having yotr cattle where they can't stray
Ht. L. Speer, Belle Glade on the highways.
PASCO lWe' Proud of These The 1919 le-islaturc passed a law
.F. Higgins. lnade City ~Po do h s
PINELLAS Two Cattleman Firsts! whidi should redlice to a tieiuiin tie
J. H. Logan, Clearwater danger froni cattle oil hiiglswaVs. Let's
POLK WInHs issei-U of THE FLORIDA CATILEMIAN nake sure that this law does the trick.
Arthur M. Bassett, Box 66i. T~ntcr Haveni
PUTNAM miarks another milestone in the steady After all, other laws could be passed
Weldron Brantley, Grandin development which has seen this publica- which would cause iiuicl greater hard-
-1 SARASOTA
TaSlor Green, Box 1269, Sarasota tion beconie Florida's largest farm maga- ships to cattle O(wnlers.
ST. JOHNS zine, from standpoint of advertising and
P'. R. MrMullen, 1'. 0. Box 517, St. Augustine niews material. We Should Find Out
ST. LUCIE
Charles I). Kime, Fort Pierce 1o pages make this the largest CAl TL-
SUMTER -MAN ever prin-tCd-and the eleven-page
Elmer Haskins, Bushnell index of the first 14 years marks the first \ IFw MONTiS BACK we pointed Out that
W. VOLUSIAth BaianbsnsinFoda is
W. J. Platt, Jr. (Exec. Sec.), DeLand time we have attempted to provide an tht Brahman business in Fi bids
Clyde lar. New Sms'rna Beach index for those of our readers who can't lair to develop into one of our leading
WASHINGTON
H. 0. Harrison, Chipley remember when a certain story appeared export businesses.
but would like to find it. Not only are these cattle going into
FLORIDA STATE The owners of Cody Publications, Inc., the North, they are also being sent to
CATTLEMEN'S which publishes Tiu- CA1T-rE-srAN, would Latin America in significant nuimbers.
like to take this opportunity to thank This should be as good an opportunity
ASSOCIATION the subscribers and advertisers who have is an) to urge each of you to attend the
KISSIMMEE FLORIDA made this progress possible. We hope Ocala Brahman Show Jan. 17-20 and see
that you will continue your support of just how good Florida Brahmans are.

50 The Florida Cattlenoil









WINTER PLANNING



MAKES



SPRING



DOLLARS














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CROPS DEPEND UPON
SUPPLEMENTAL FEEDING NOW

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and condition breeding stock for a bumper
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sold fresh by the bag or the truckload. No
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handful Delivered fresh. See the X-CEL Man now for
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Diesel D4 on wide tracks. accomplishes satisfactory drainage in a 20-acre
It's giving a muckland acreage belonging to field. The "mole"-holes remain intact a whole
A. Duda & Sons, Lake Jem, Florida, a "treat- season, regardless of surface cultivation. The
ment" to effect quick drainage. cost, of course, is only a fraction of tiling!
The D4 backs up to the ditch, lowers the "Caterpillar" Diesel Tractors fit a great
mole to 30 inches below the soil surface, and range of drainage, clearing, reclamation and
crosses the field at 15' intervals. land-fitting needs. Full facts without obliga-
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JACKSONVILLE MAITLAND OCALA TALLAHASSEE

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MIAMI TAMPA




JANUARY, 1950
IV
P'



AOVALA..
AT
we're consigning two top calves, one by our "Em.
peror" bull and both out of exceptional cows.
BE SURE TO SEE'...
AT THE SALE, Madam Shaker, pictured at left, who was calved November 8, 1947, and Emperor Manso 1st, calved January 16, 1949. both bred by us; and
AT THE RANCH several bull and heifer calves which are available for your inspection at any time.
PHONE 2121
Sso CENTER HILL, FLA.
GOOD BRAHMANS...
are the foundation upon which we are building four registered herds in the heart of northeast Florida's cattle country.
While our supply of breeding stock available for sale is limited to a few weanling bull calves, we will be glad to show
you our cattle at any time.
Visit Hastings and see these four herds
HASTINGS BREEDERS
R. T. Clay, Jr. Clyde P. Smith
Diamond R Ranch John L. Smith
2-Second Seotion The Florida Cattleman




DIRECTORY of Brahman // n
Breeders Is Published for fll
Seventh Consecutive Year establishment of
Listings tell about number of cattle a registered
and bloodlines; Southeastern Brahman Brahman herd
Association members marked with (*)
AIRHEART AND DATSON, Drawer 1351, Or- are Emperor Jr. 36th (676-30313), Imparistre P.
lando, Fix. (+) 754 (754-34611), and Phlteugar E. 698 (69834588). Several heifer calves from Emperor Jr. quality cows of
ALLEN, BONA, JR., Buford, Ga. ()36th were sold during the past year, and six ANTHONY FARMS (See Norris Cattle Company) grown cows. Spring calves will be available
soon. (-) Manso and
BABCOCK, VOSE, 3205 Granada Blvd., Coral
Gables, Fla. () Ranch) J. A., AND SONS (See Barthle's breeding,
BAR B RANCH, Southport, Fla., ranch located 16 BASS, FRANK, Wauchula, Fla. ()
miles north of Panama City on Highway 77,
Ernest Brock, owner. This herd, consisting of B-C RANCH, Box 44, Loxahatchee, Fla., J. T. bought from
eight registered females of breeding age, was Clamp, Manager. ()
established in 1949 with purchases from Henry
0. Partin and Sons of Kissimmee, Fla. Sires are BEAUCHAMP, LAMAR (See Polk Brahman Farms, Clifford Brothers,
Brockman (1-20666) and Jerry (2-20667). (*) Inc.)
BAR 7 RANCH, Kissimmee, Fla., ranch located at BENTLEY BRAHMAN RANCH, INC., P. O. Weslaco, Texas.
head of Kissimmee prairie, phone 2871, Mrs. Pat Box 1147, Lake Alfred, ranch located at CrewsJohnston and Son, owners, Pat Johnston, Jr., rille in Hardee County, phones Lake Alfred manager. This herd, established more than 30 29-983 or 27-391, J. W. Bentley, manager. This years ago, contains around 335 brood matrons on herd was established in 1944 and consists of 74
Contents, Brahman Review Section
Florida Cattleman, January 1949 Jop Sate
Seventh Annual Listing of Southeastern Brahman Breeders ................ 3
Largest Brahman Show in History Expected at Ocala January 4-7 .......... 6 Six registered
Schneider Says Indian Hardships Produced Hardy Brahmans .............. 10
Brahman Influence Can Cause Further Advance in Beef Industry .......... 14 bulls three to
Research Aids Livestock Disease Prevention .......................... 20
Genetics Paper by Kelley of Australia Read at Centennial ..............26
Brahman Hall of Fame: Kenmore Uses Best Available Animals ............ 341 four years
Palmers Buy 33 Females, Bull, from Durrance and Norris ................... 40
Mann, Partin Show Champions at Kissimmee Valley Show .................. 46 old. These
bulls can
which six registered sires are being bred. Some registered females of breeding age featuring of the matrons were raised from unregistered Nel- Manso, Maroto and Martin breeding and headed lore cows imported many years ago, while some by Lucerito (68-14326), a bull bred by D. go to work
were purchased from Hudgins. However, the Guerra and Sons. The ranch also owns a herd herd has been fully registered since 1941. Sires of commercial Brahman crosses. right now.
are Alaya Manso Jr. (151-18018), Merto (6762,
Delao Pat (14654), Patent (14657), Pedro Manso BENEFIEL, J. T., Tallevast, Fla. () 14th (301-24237), Potiphar (253-17951), Sir Alaya BEVILLE, HERMAN (See Circle H Ranch) AMsnso Jr. 1st (402-35242) and Riley Imparistre
(600-43997). Registered of all kinds are available BICE, RAY (See Polk Brahman Farms, Inc.) for sale. (-)
BISSETT, A. M., RFD I, Box 402, Winter Haven,
BAR S RANCH, Hastings, Fla., ranch located oni Fla. (*) the old Daytona road southeast of Hastings, R A IN B O W
Clyde P. Smith, owner. Herd was established in BLACKSHER COMPANY, 372 Brent Bldg., Pensa1946 and sires such as Maroto, Aristocrata, cola, Fla., ranch located at Uriah, Ala., 70 miles Imperator, Dutch, Hopkins, Supimpa, Heroic, north of Pensacola, phone 8-9573, D. W. Showman, Tippu the Great, etc., are prominent Blacksher, president. This herd consists of 30 RA N C H
in pedigrees of the herd of 20 brood matrons, registered females of breeding age of Manso and Sires in use include Bos Indicus (AA222-19232), Imperator breeding. () Harry Westbury, Mgr.
Aainsails (AA27-11246), Tip pu's Dan (1611240), and Blue Elephantus (77-31382). BLACKWELL, S. R. (See Clover Bar)
BARTHE'S U RANCH, San Antonio, Fla., ranch BLACKWELL, STOCKBRIDGE AND (See Clover Phone 87
located five iiiles west of Highway 52, follow Bar) signs eight miles North, J. A. Bartlile and Sons. BOYD, WILLIAM R. (See South Moon Ranch) PALATKA, FLORIDA
Owners. This herd was established in 1945 with
Purchases strong in the blood of Aristocrata, BR RANCH, 1137 Main Street, Sarasota, Fla., SOmbrero, Martino, Quinca and Maroto, and phone 2206, Milton R. Thomas and Sons, ownnow numbers 42 females of breeding age. Sires (Continued on page 28--Second Section)
/Or January, 1950 Second Seetion-3




BRAHMANS IN THEIR WORK CLOTHES
1950 AUCTION
AT THE FARM
WINTER
HAVEN
SATURDAY / 1. P4
JAN. 21
These cattle are not highly fitted and are by no means "show-fat". They are of good breeding and will go to their new home with a disposition and an ability to "do good." Col. Tom McCord, Montgomery, and Col. ** R. D. Cooper, Sarasota, will cry the "I've been working on the railroad." sale, beginning at 2 p.m.
OCALA KISSIMMEE 35 SERVICE AGE BULLS
Including many of Imperator and linebred Manso breeding
L20 SENIOR CALVES
LAKELAh
i Bulls and Heifers strictly in their working clothes
WINTER *DUNDEE
HAVEN" A NUM BER OF HEIFERS
7 LAKE carrying a preponderance of Manso breeding-all from these two
BARTOW WALES well-known Florida herdsPOLK BRAHMAN FARMS
WINTER HAVEN Remember last year? FLORIDA
DURRANCE RANCH
BRIGHTON Write for catalog FLORIDA
4--Second Section The Florida Cattleman




The Greatest Concentration
OF MANSO BREEDING EVER OFFERED
Buyers of Commercial Bulls
and the Commercial Cattlemen
of the Southeast will Profit!
Manso breeding has come to be the word among beef cattlemen and Brahman breeders for beef-type and gentle disposition. Never before has such a concentration of this breeding been offered at public auction, and we are confident the commercial cattlemen of Florida and the southeast will respond to this offering by their presence at our sale.
In all, more than thirty head of service-age bulls are included in our 1950 catalog, and of these, virtually all have Manso breeding both top Lastr s .
and bottom-and many have Manso Y
four or five times-in their pedigrees. Nearly thirty buyers participated in our 1949 sale-taking
These cattle are in their working 46 animals at an average price of $448. Here are their names:
clothes, and are offered at prices Mrs. Carey Carlton ............................. Arcadia
to be determined by the buyers. Lakeland
They may be inspected at the farm Carlton W. Palmore Fort Mead
on the morning of sale day. A. C. Wright, Jr ....................... ..... Fort Meade
EK Ranch .. ................ .............. Sarasota
C. P. Sm ith .................... .............. H astings
G. A. Shackelford ................ Zolfo Springs
Rem em ber! Henry 0. Partin & Sons ........................ Kissimmee
V. E. Hollingsworth .Myakka City
J. L. G ilm ore ..... ......................... Belfast, N Y.
AFTER OCALA IT'S D. A. Hunt ............................... Lake Wales
C. H. Dow ns .... .......................... Sarasota
Michigan State College ...................... East Lansing
B. D. Pierson ...... .......................... Fort Pierce
J. H. Cason .................................. Inverness
H F. Bargy .................................... Polk C ity
Dr. W C. Touchton ............................ Avon Park
A V NW. C. Champion ................................ Orlando
Doyle Lightsey ......................... ........ Tam pa
H George M. Carson ................. Madisonville, Tenn.
B. E. Burns .. ........................ ......... O cala
VW Ranch .................................. Belle Glade
L. Berkwit ............................... Babson Park
Harry Gibbs ................................. Wauchula
Herman Beville ............................. Bushnell
F.R. Congdon .............................. Haines City
S. E. R. Mills................................. Sarasota
/Or January, 1950 Second Section-5




'LARGEST EVER Is Prediction for 1950
Brahman Show Set for January 17-20
At Ocala; 39 Consigned to Annual Sale
Show is open to any members of American Brahman Breeders'
Association for first time; More than 150 registered cattle
will be shown in sixth annual event, Herrmann estimates
WHEN THE OCALA BRAHMAN Srnow gets ness on Tuesday, January 17, but the Auctioneers will be Col. Tom McCord of
underway at Ocala January 17, it is prob- showing will begi'i "Fromptly at 9:oo Montgomery, Ala., and Col. Bob Cooper able that there will be more animals ex- a.m. on Wednesday, January 18. with of Sarasota. hibited than ever before, according to judging of 4-H and FFA entries. judg- More than $3ooo in prize money is R. G. "Bob" Herrmann of Ocala, secre- ing of all male classes and male groups offered in the show, in addition to ban tary of the sponsoring Southeastern Brah- will follow at io:oo a.m. ners, ribbons and trophies. As usual
man Breeders' Association. Thursday will be a full day, with TnE FLORIDA CATTLEMIAN will present a
And when' the annual sale is held judging of all female classes and all trophy to the premier exhibitor of the January 2o, the offering of 39 registered groups not already judged scheduled to show-the breeder whose cattle make the Brahmans will-be the best in the sale's begin at 9:3o a.m., continue until noon, best all-round show record-while the six-year history. and resume again at 2:oo p.m. Junior Jackson Grain Company of Tampa will
Last year more than 125 animals were judging contests and other special features present a trophy to the premier breeder shown.; this year 150 or more are expected will be held beginning at i2:oo noon, -the man who breeds the cattle which at the Southeastern Livestock Pavilion "and the annual banquet which will fea- make the best overall record, whether two miles north of Ocala on the Jackson- ture presentation of prizes is scheduled he shows them or not. ville highway where all events are sched- to start at 7:oo p.m. There will be slightly more females
uled. For the first time in history, the Friday will be devoted to the sale of than bulls offered in the sale, with 20 show is open to any member of the Amer- registered Brahmans which is to begin at females and 19 bulls consigned by 19 ican Brahman Breeders' Association. 1:oo p.m. different breeders.
The sale may not equal last year's Judge for the show is Louis Gilbreath Durrance Ranch of Brighton and Nor
average price of $88o per head-but it of Alice, Tex., who previously handled ris Cattle Company of Ocala lead the won't be because they're not worth it, discussion of the registered Brahmans list of consignors, with each offering according to Herrmann. shown at the Brahman Day at Hardee five animals. Durrance is selling three
Entries will be the main order of busi- County Livestock Market last February. heifer calves, DR Lady Hopkins ioooth
7unior and senior champions at the 1949 Ocala Brahman Show, exclusive of the grand champions which were pictured in Th Cattleman last month, were these animals:Upper left, Princess Ponciano, junior champion female, Mrs. Pat 7ohnston and Son, Kissimmee; Upper center, Dandelion's Paula, reserve champion female, Norris Cattle Company, Ocala; Upper right, Riley')s Imparistre, reserve champion bull, junior champion bull, 7ohnton; Lower left, Dandelion's Lord Yir, junior reserve champi ion bull, Norris; Lower center, 7DH Queen de Manso 7o6th, junior reserve champion female, A. Duda and Sons, Cocoa; Lower right, Emperor's MM 788, senior reserve champion bull, Oakley Murphy, Avon Park.
Ii _




The Best
Of Brahman
Breeding!
Yes, we believe we have the best in Brahman breedingand we believe the evidence is clear in the pictures at right
and below.
Our herds are based on use of Manso and Imperator bulls
on the very best females available. Of our 320 breeding females, 134 have been bought directly from J. D. Hudgins of Hungerford, Texas, and 70 of similar breeding from other Hungerford breeders--S. C. and Aleck Border. The rest of our herd has been bought from Henry 0. Partin and Sons and Cushman S. Radebaugh, or produced on the ranch.
We aim to produce large, big-boned, uniform bulls with
good fleshing ability for use on your commercial and pure- 7 ,7
bred herds.
Animals pictured herewith are as follows: Above, top, 7DH Queen de Manso 7o6/4, who was junior reserve champion at the 1949 Ocala Brahman Show and should do well again this year. Above, bottom, Empero, son of Emperor is a very fine young bull which will be one of our herd sires soon. At left, top, is pictured YDH Fay de Manso, a growthy bull calved April 16, 1948. Left, bottom, is ADS Queen Manso Grande 1st, calved April 25, 1948, and another promising Ocala show entry.
if you've never seen Duda Brahmans, we would like to show you our 1949 calves, which only recently have been weaned. See how growthy and promising these animals are. All cattle are at our ranch near
Cocoa and you should write, wire or phone our Manager when you are coming.
4A. Duda & Sons
Phone 2157 G A Tuckei, Mgr.
OVIEDO, FLA. Ph. 3644, COCOA
7: COCOA, FLORIDA
for January, 1950 Second Section-7




V, .;4'410
AA
There's no substitute for good grass-or good cattle. These Brahman matrons were photographed at the Echo Gardens ranch of Eugene F. Griffin near Bartow where good grass and good breeding combine to make an outstanding herd.
(winner of first at the Kissimmee Valley calf Fryatt's Appling 240. jacob, which sells bred to Phleugar E.
show), DR Grey Mansita 93/1, and DR Henry O. Partin and Sons' Heart Bar 698, and Baby Emperor 2d, a bull yearBlue Mansita 97/1, and is also offering Ranch is selling the open heifer, Miss ling. a yearling bull, JDH Secrat de Manso, Emperor 8th 155th, and the heifer calf, Consigned by Herman Beville of Bushi and a bull calf, DR Blue Manso 99/1. Miss Emperor S. 255, both daughters of nell is a service-age bull, Circle H Silver
Norris is selling a bred heifer, B. D.'s the undefeated grand champion Emperor, Dutch, while Eugene Griffin of Bartow Queen A, daughter of grand champion and a son of the'same bull, ready for is also offering a service-age bull, Tippu
Blue Director bred to grand champion service, Emperor P. 8o6th. Prince 2ooth.
Blutin's Moneymaker, and two open Dave Sloan of Mascotte is selling two G. Philip Higdon of Charleston, S. C,
heifers, Red Dick's Arabella and Red bred heifers, Lily Belle and Miss Whitey, is selling Cleopatra, an open heifer which Dick's joanne, as well as two bulls, both both bred to Arando, a three-year-old is ready for breeding, while J. P. James of service age, Dandelion's Deuce and which is also consigned to the sale by of Bartow is offering Phleugar H. Manso Red Dick's McArthur. Sloan. 881, a service bull.
Consigning three animals each are Rus- The Whaley Company of Kissimmee Kenmore Ranch of Vero Beach consell Farmer of Wauchlula, L. S. Harris Park is offering a heifer calf, Miss Pres- signs a service bull, Sir Hubert Arishopof Bartow, Henry O. Partin and Sons of tado 9th, and is also consigning a service- man. Oakley Murphy of Avon Park is Kissimmee, and Dave Sloan of Mascotte. age bull which placed well at Ocala last offering the heifer calf, Lady Imperator
Farmer's consignment consists of the year, Prestado 7r. 5th. 7th.
open heifers Princess Manso Cacique 41st H. S. Hazen is consigning Madam One bull, Dandelion's King, is the conand Princess Manso 39th, while the bull Shaker, selling bred to Emperor Manso signment of Polk Brahman Farms of he is consigning is a service-age animal 625, and a young bull, Emperor Manso Winter Haven. named Tippu Prince 59th. ist. A. Y. Carlton of Sarasota is selling W. H. Stuart of Bartow is selling Sir
Harris is selling one female and two two females, both calves, Judy Canova Aristo Imperator, a service bull, while bulls, the female being Tippu's Princess and Miss Lee. J. 0. Wolff and Sons of Okeechobee are
No. 324, which sells bred to Fryatt. Bulls J. A. Barthle and Sons of San Antonio offering John Josh 6th, a bull calf. are the service-age bull Tip and the bull are consigning a bred female, Miss Bess As usual all calves shown or sold must be tested and free of TB and Bangs
not more than 45 days prior to the show.
Below is a recapitulation of the prices brought at the four preceding registered In addition to the sale consignors, Brahman sales at Ocala: show herds are expected at Ocala from
Top Bottom Number Average Gross the following:
Year Price Price Head Paid Sales T. P. Chaires, Jr., Bradenton; A. Duda
1945 $2150 $220 48 $498 $23915 and Sons, Cocoa; L. E. Fugle, DeLand;
1946 S2xoo100 $250 49 $640 $3375 Mrs. Pat Johnston and Son, Kissimmee;
1947 $2150 $275 43 $680 $29235 M Bar M Ranch, Sarasota; G. W. Mann
1948 $3100 $360 26 $889 $2310xo5 Ranch, Bartow; M. C. Stallworth, Vinegar
1949 $2700 $300 30 $881 $26415 Bend, Ala.; Milton R. Thomas and Sons,
Sarasota.
8-Second Section The Florida Cattlemal




65 Head are
Catalogued
In Polk Sale
Durrance participates T E D
in 1950 offering at
Winter Haven Jan. 21 Brazilian Bull
OFFERING A TOTAL of 65 head and featuring a block of more than 3o bulls designed to appeal to commercial cattlemen for cross-breeding and range herds, Polk Brahman Farms, Winter Haven, in conjunction with Durrance Ranch, Brighton, has announced its second annual auction at the farm for 2 p.M. Sat- Brahman breeders know the source of America's Brahmans has been a urday, January 21.
Again this year the theme of the sale small number of animals imported over a period of years. This limited will be "Brahmans in their Work Clothes" foundation stock has produced all of Florida's registered Brahmans. and a cartoon showing a quartet of Guzerats singing "I've Been Working In 1946 an importation of bulls came from Brazil via Mexico to
on the Railroad" is embellishing the sale breeders in the Rio Grande Valley. We are proud to announce that we catalog, have recently purchased from El Texano Ranch at Hidalgo, Texas, one of
Included in the 195o offering is Tippu. the 16 remaining bulls; a particularly outstanding specimen named risimo, Polk's herdsire whose progeny in four years have produced $29,992 in aggregate sale value, and whose contribution to the herd is evidenced by the fact 36 of his daughters are being retained as brood matrons. This son of Tippu will be Lot 1 in the catalog and probably first to go under the gavel of Auctioneers Tom McCord and Bob Cooper. which is registered with both ABBA and PAZA as well as with the Uberaba
Durrance Ranch will consign ten fe- registry in Brazil.
males, of which eight are 1949 calves mostly by Manso sires. A pair of almost Carioca is the first of the 18 bulls imported to come to Florida. He
identical 1948 heifers will be offered at presents an unprecedented opportunity for Florida herds to secure the buyers' choice. Polk Brahman Farms' blood of a newly imported sire. He also presents an opportunity for
offering includes eight females. Florida ranchers to develop a pure or specific Indian breed as has been
The bull offering includes two halterbroken sons of Manso 7r. ioth, one of practiced in Brazil for years.
them out of Polk's "best cow", a son of For more information about Carioca, who will arrive in Florida in early
DR Compact Prince Manso 558, and a January, contact
long list of Manso bulls. "We feel that this is the greatest concentration of Manso blood ever offered at public auction," T. J. Durrance, Jr., told THE CAIrLEMAN. Of more than thirty head, virtually all have Manso both top and bottom, and many pedigrees show Manso four or five times." Vs acc
In all, 18 females and 47 bulls will be catalogued. The sale is called for 2 p.m.. 2901 Ponce deLeon Blvd. Charles L. Anderson, Herdsman
at the farm just west of Dundee on the Winter Haven highway. Catalogs may Phone 4.1914, Coral Gables LaBelle, Florida
be obtained by writing Lamar Beauchamp, Polk Brahman Farms, Winter Haven, Fla. RANCH ON HIGHWAY 833, 21 MILES SOUTH OF NO. 80 IN HENRY COUNTY
Last year, an average of $448 was recorded on 46 head, with some thirty buyers participating.
for January, 1950 Second Section-9




I
'Al
These heifers are part of the herd of M-Bar-M Ranch near Sarasota, owned by Dr. R. MacEachen. M-Bar-M started its herd
with purchase of heifer calves, is growing them out as its pasture improves.
Schneider Says Indian Rains, Drought,
Temperatures Made Hardy Brahmans
OPENING ADDRESS on the Brahman Cen- went West to dig for the yellow wealth. adviser? The Agricultural Experiment
tennial program was by Dr. Burch H. The '49'ers are known to everyone. In Station at Rothamsted, England, and a fmw
Schneider of the University of West Vir- that same year, another event occured in on the Continent were beginning to take ginia at Morgantown. Dr. Schneider, relative obscurity. Two head of cattle- form. The bill establishing our land-grant
who was for'some time associated with a cow and bull-from India were landed colleges was not passed until 16 years later.
here at the port of Charleston. While The concepts of controlled experiments
Dr. Sam Higginbottom at the Allahabad many of those gold mines have been long were new ideas that were being expressed
Agricultural Institute, discussed the sub- since panned out and deserted, the move- by only the most advanced thinkers. But ject of "India's Gift to America." ment toward wealth on hoofs has gone on some people were willing to try new things,
A condensation of Dr. Schneider's and on, and is still increasing. Brahman Dr. Davis was born at Monticello, Soutf
paper follows: cattle now extend from the Atlantic to the Carolina, on December .3r, 1809. His
We are here to celebrate The American Pacific. In, 1849, one South Carolinian father was a Baptist minister. He attended Brahman Centennial. Mr. Joshi, to whom started the rumor that there was gold in this Jefferson Academy at Monticello, the South I owe the success of much that I tried to state. He was right. Perhaps many did Carolina College (now the University of
accomplish in India is to follow me on the not recognize it, but it was there. Gold in South Carolina) and studied at the Medical program. Many of you have been breeding cattle gives more wealth in terms of human College here in Charleston, but later tram the cattle that we call need-human nutritive requirements-than ferred to the Medical College of Pennsy! Brahman in this coun- all the gold metal in the world. vania, where he graduated. He married an
try-the only country One good source of information of this heiress, which is always a desirable thing
' in the world in which first importation is the History of the State to do if you want to import livestock. His this name is applied Agricultural Socidty of South Cajrolina. wife was a sister to the wife of Governor to cattle. You have Another source is the report of Dr. J. L. Adams. It is very convenient for an imthought you knew Lush Of IOwa State College, fOrmerly Of porter to have political connections. He what a Brahman is. Texas A. and M. College. In 1921 he inter- practiced medicine only two years and then
Now you see a real viewed Mrs. R. E. White, daughter of Dr. devoted the remainder of his life to scien.
one. Mr. Joshi is the James Bolton Davis. At that time she was tific agriculture. In his day, perhaps a only genuine Brahman living in Texas. She was a lady over 8o, medical education was the best he could most of you have ever but still active, alert, and in full possession have had for animal husbandry. Many of SCHNEIDER seen. x x x of all of her faculties. The only published the basic sciences are the same. Dr. Davis
I am asked to speak on the subject "India's account of that interview is in the Brahman introduced a number of plants and animals Gift to America" on this occasion of the Breeder Feeder for January, 1946. into this country. The cattle from India
celebration of the first installment of that Mrs. White said that she remembered well that he imported are reported to have been gift. seeing the Brahman cattle when her father of the "Mysore" breed, the type of agile
The year 1849 was a famous one. It was imported them in 1849 and took them to draft cattle that have horns sweeping backa year in which many decisions were being his farm in Fairfield County, about thirty- ward from the pol and turning upward is made that affected the nation for years five miles north of Columbia. While he a reverse curve that seems quite strange t,
afterward. It was the first year of peace was in England he traded two Cashmere us. One report says that the bull was a
after the Mexican War. Many events were goats that he brought from Turkey to the magnificent white animal and the heifer shaping up which later led to the war be- Earl of Derby for the pair of Brahmans. was a very beautiful dun color. It W tween the states. The North was becoming These were taken from the Royal Zoological further stated that their offspring wetr industrialized. The South was trying to Gardens in London, where they had been "beautifully formed, very graceful, fine f0l improve her agriculture and make herself imported by the British East India Company. oxen, quick in their movements, immunl, self-sufficient. It is no wonder that some- Dr. Davis was appointed by President from ticks, healthy, and fine for beef. The) one felt the need for livestock more adapt- Polk in 1846 to be agricultural adviser to are good milkers, though not equal as milker! able to the climate and to the hard condi- the Sultan of Turkey. His primary task to Jerseys . The half-breeds were grace tions under which livestock in those days was to demonstrate cotton planting in Tur- ful and beautiful". Later Dr. Davis s0l1 had to live. key. He took with him six trusted slaves these two original animals through a Mi
In the previous year gold was discovered to assist in teaching the Turks. Why was Eaves to a Shaker settlement in Kentucky in California. The eastern seaboard was he chosen for this mission? What did it He received $4,500 for the two head. Then astir and many foot-free, able-bodied men mean in those days to be an agricultural prosperous and frugal people, with a religi0i
10-Second Section The Florida Cattlemill




Put on the Pump to go with the Jlunp.!
USE FUGLE'S
BRAHMANS
At the farm we have weanling bull calves and three two-year-old bulls for saleDC REX Manso 1st (left), and Flarcie Manso (right) are the two Brahmans we will show at Ocala. Note the beef characteristics which we are developing with all featuring the best of Manso breeding. Both were first prize winners at the Sumter All-Florida Show at Webster. Manso breeding.
DEEP CREEK FARMS DEMAND, FLA.
PHONE 32-RANCH TEN MILES NORTH ON U.S. HIGHWAY 17
BRAHMANS
HEAD the STARS!
Great Beef-Building plans in the future of the Livestock Industry are born each time the Brahman Breed is "on show". Cattlemen everywhere are watching these "stars of the show" rise to unprecedented heights of prominence as contributors to the nation's meat supply.
See the feature livestock attraction . fine Brahman cattle . at the following:
HOUSTON FAT STOCK SHOW & LIVESTOCK OCALA BRAHMAN SHOW, Ocala, Fla. EXPOSITION February 1 thru 12
January 16 thru 20
Januay 16 hru 2 SAN ANTONIO LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION
SOUTHWEST EXPOSITION AND FAT STOCK February 17 thru 26
SHOW, Fort Worth, Texas
January 27 thru February 5 LSU LIVESTOCK SHOW March 4 thru 15
-11 AMERICAN BRAHMAN BREEDERS ASSOCIATION
271 1 SOUTH MAIN 0 HOUSTON 2, TEXAS
for January, 1950 Second Section-i




similar to that of the Quakers, wanted
thrifty, hardy cattle to establish colonies in
the wilderness. The Shaker settlement was
at its height at that time. It eventually L
died out, I believe, because the Shakers fol- z
lowed the celibate life. Apparently their
Brahman cattle died out, too, but not for
the same reason. We are told that Dr. Davis
retained some of the offspring of the original
importation and that traces of them may
be found many years later. Possibly the occasional animal that we see with the reversecurve, Mysore-type of horns received them
from this original importation.
Dr. Davis was a handsome man, six feet
three inches tall. H-e lost his health and
one eye. while hie was in Turkey, which
forced him to return to this country. He
died within a few years and was buried in
the cemetery of the Monticello Methodist
church. Not only did he introduce the
cattle from India, but he brought in 'water
buffalo and angora goats. Because of his
interest in goats he was given the nickname An enthusiastic crowd attended the registered Brahman auciton held in connection of "Goat" Davis. He helped organize the with the Brahman Centennial at, Charleston, S. C. This picture, taken at the Fair
Agricultural Society of South Carolina and Grounds, shows two Durrance Ranch steers which were exhibited prior to the sale. was its first secretary. The Davis house,
a typical Southern Colonial home, is still some of the best production types of India In the current number of Life magazine
standing. Although it deteriorated for some cattle come from the red colored breeds. is a story about growing germ-free animals years, it is now owned by the Robinson The skin is usually Black or Dark colored, It is anticipated that such animals will lose
family of Monticello and is maintained in although there are white spots in several much of their resistance to bacteria. The
good repair. breeds. These white spots may be on any opposite is true in Indlia and has been true
As we talk about India's Gift to America, part of the body, the tail switch or the nose. for centuries. To produce animals resistant let us examine what is involved in this gift. This dark skin does not sunburn, to disease and resistant to parasites, it is
What have we received? Let us look a Sweat Glands give greater heat resistance. necessary for them to grow in intimate
gift bull in the mouth. What are the char- A tough hide is resistant to insects or in- contact with these dangers. They are all
acteristics of the cattle from India? Let jury. present in India. In North India the temme cite briefly the points that are common It is of interest that Indian cattle have perature exceeds 110 F. for days and nights
to all cattle from India. a different voice-A short grunt. They do on end. The hot wind, the "100", blows
iThe Hump is the first and most strik- not give a prolonged low or bellow, for weeks. In South India the oppressive
ing point to catch the eye. It serves as a A Sensitive Disposition in these cattle re- humid heat continues for much of the year.
storehouse of energy and metabolic water quires understanding and different handling. Rains are irregular. Droughts are frequent,
for times of feed shortage and drought. Nervousness is most pronounced in Kan- and famines follow. Cattle seldom receive
2. The Hump is sloping, probably because krej cattle, that have contributed much to grain except milking cows or working oxen Indian breeders never discriminate against Brahman type in the Western Hemisphere. -and many of them do not. The coarsest
the steep angle. Until very recent years Bra hman Bulls tend to be gentler than of roughage must be the only feed much of
section, if any, was primarily for draft cows-a situation quite different than in the year. qualities. other breeds of cattle, particularly dairy That is the heritage of India. This the
3. When viewed from the rear, many cattle, heritage that was given us-we 'can't buy
cattle from India have much narrower bodies These cattle are intelligent. The bulls are it'. That is what these cattle have survived
than breeds originating in Europe-They good breeders. They are long-lived. The for generations. It is this kind of natural
do not have protuding hips, even when in Cows make Good Mothers, selection that we inherit. This is "India's
poor condition. Speaking of the intelligence of cattle, a Gift to America"-America-a land of plenty.
4. Longer Legs are partly the result of friend from India, who is a mathematician, x x x
selection for draft, insists that Indian cattle know geometry. Certain animals in the breed are generally
5. The Loose Skin provides much greater He says that a cow always knows that the accepted as descending entirely from Bos
radiation surface to rid the body of excess Hypotenuse is shorter than the sum of the Indictis animals on both the male and feheat during hot weather. The arteries two sides of a square. (Perhaps we should male side. x x x Such animals today, how'carry the heated blood to the surface of the admit that this knowledge is possessed also ever, are most valuable because they are of pendulous skin and the veins carry the by other cattle.) good type and have a conformation that is
cooled blood back to the interior of the Hybrid vigor is obtained at a maximum desirable, not necessarily because they are
body. for cattle when the subspecies Bos indicus is ioo%/ "full blood". x x x
Certain distinctive ear types may be noted, crossed with the Bos taurus. x x x Brahman Breeders are altogether too sell'
the most striking of which are the long, Brahmans can be profitably introduced sitive about what they call "cold" blood,
drooping ears of some Indian breeds, into two types of regions: m. e. non-Brahman breeding. This is eviThere are many horn types, some of which i. Into regions where no other type of denced by a tendency to cull animals having
are decidedly exotic from our viewpoint, cattle worthy of the name can exist. short ears or a white spot on the nose, evenly
such as the Mysore-type horns already men- 2. Into regions where they are not abso- when they are of excellent beef type. Such
tioned with reference to the first importa- lutely necessary, where other breeds will a practice is wrong on two counts:
tion. survive and apparently do fairly well, but i. Cattle in India have short ears and have
They have fine, dense, short, glossy hair where Bra hman introduction will add to white spots on the nose, switch or any pall
that is usually sleeked down and permits the efficiency of beef production. x x x of the body. It need not be an indications
maximum heat loss from the body, it re- Although many improvements in health, of "cold" blood.
fleets the sunlight so less heat is absorbed, feed, and management of cattle helped make 2. If a few insignificant characters fror,
The prevailing Gray Color of the hair Florida a more profitable cattle country, the fraction of non-Brahman ancestry dii
does not absorb heat as readily as darker Brahman cattle have been the greatest single come through, they are not importail
colors. It should be noted, however, that contribution. x x x enough to cull good animals. One no01
12-Second Section The Florida Cattlemnan




Brahman or foundation cow five or six generations back in the lower right-hand corner of the pedigree cannot have great influence. We should not lose our sense of proportion. Breeding cannot be so mysterious that 3t/ or less of an animal's ancestry should disqualify it.
Actually there is no such thing as purity of breeding if you go back far enough in any pedigree. Purity of breeding can only be stated as a fact when you also designate the number of generations that there was pure breeding. I have mentioned some of tle fine types that have been imported from South America to improve our cattle in the United States. They have been a great contribution. Nevertheless, we should realize that all countries in the Western Hemisphere, which have imported cattle from India, have been in somewhat the same situation. Some may have imported more females than others, but none have been able to import enough cows so that all offspring of the bulls are of pure Indian breeding. The Triangular Breed Record Ri b n W n r 0
Association of Brazil was founded many years after the importations. Breeding had Pictured above are three ribbon winners in our current show string.
been carried on before. k x x They include-from left to right- Queen Rue Imperator-(Second Place
In India, I believe it is possible to find animals having certain specific characters at Kissimmee and at Webster), Miss Aristo lmperator-(First Place at that are superior. If it is ever possible to Kissimmee and at Webster) and Florida King Imperator-(First Place at import animals again-with all of the health Kissimmee, Third at Webster). precautions necessary, of course-I am certain that many valuable contributions to American Brahman can be found in India. For It is necessary to remember that in India O .
cattle have not been selected for beef type.
The combinations of beef characters in present Brahman cattle in this country came in large measure from India. There are more there. x x x
The only reason that I can see to bring
in new cattle is to bring in animals having better conformation in one or more respects but having those qualities necessary to withstand a difficult environment. Females will assist in making the importation more effective-spread its influence over a larger period. When animals are graded up to 9o% or more Brahman, they are as good as soo%. Their value depends on their type 0 and their ability to produce and reproduce under the conditions in which they must live. x x x
Finally, I look forward to the time when
we can give back a shipment of Bos indicus 0 cattle, greatly improved by scientific breeding, to help to produce more food for India's millions.
Anthony Has Nebraskan Pictured above is our offering in the Ocala Sale, Sir Aristo Imperator, P. H. 803, A NEBRASKA YOUNGSTER who described third place ribbon winner at Kissimmee and a half-brother of Miss Aristo Imperator
himself as a "future Brahman cattle shown in top picture. He is a good individual with a gentle nature that makes his
breeder" when he w ote the Norris goodness usable any way you want to use it. Cattle Company back in 1947 is now not only the youngest Brahman breeder in Nebraska but is spending a few weeks on Anthony Farms learning first-hand about how others do it.
Gene Kramer of Suth~erland, Nebr., is the youngster, and he's staying with Tommy Macki, assistant herdsman at An- Telephone 549 BARTOW, FLA.
thony Farms. He and his father bought their first Brahmans in October, 1948.
for January, 1950 Second Section-13




We Are Buying... BEEF INBUSTIY,450 Years
at 25c per pound 1948-49 f0a
pure white Brahman grade Old, Can Further Advance
heifer calves. Cannot use
gray or brown colors. Thru Brahman Influence
We Have For Sale ... Why should we assume that improvement of
some seven-eighths grade American beef is finished, Gail Whitcomb
Brahman bulls for cross-breeding that are extra nice. asks Centennial listeners
ORANGE STATE In 1849, American cattlemen didn't realize that a startling answer to thrifty beef
animals was having its beginning in Charleston, S. C. No one who has studied the STOCK FARM evolution of today's beef animals from the ungainly base stock of bovine, can have
reason to believe that the transformation process is now finished. This article is a Between Plymouth & Zellwood, condensation of the talk given by a past president of the American Brahman Breeders'
Fla. on US highway 441 Association, at the American Brahman Centennial in Charleston.
by GAlL WHITCOMB the most important elements of our
American Brahman Breeders' Assn. economy. The American Agriculturist EVERY AMERICAN can feel a particular himself built this great industry. Better Beef Type pride in the livestock industry which has Following the first importations of
been developed on this Continent. Spanish cattle, came later importations BRAHMANS Four hundred and fifty years ago, when of British cattle. The first shipment to
* Mature Cows the first white man set foot on the New England occurred about 1624 from
* Proven Bulls North American Continent, he found Devonshire by Governor Edward Wins.
" Calves not one cow nor calf. No trace has low. Then followed other importations
been found of the existence of any type of what we term the British breeds until of cattle native to America. The bison this land was quickened with grazing was the only bovine creature indigenous herds. Large open ranges were in order, to this Continent. Today, millions of where cattle roamed at will and thrived head of excellent beef and dairy animals or died according to their ability to roam our vast ranges. The beef indus- hustle and to adjust themselves to entry in America has grown to be one of vironmental conditions. Grass was free,
RUSSELL FARMER, Secretary
P. 0. Box 187 WAUCHULA, FLA.
Modern Irigol
For Improved Pastures
THE RACEBILT RIPPEY RAINGIN
Now, Racebilt offers cattlemen a complete irrigxtion system, scientifically engineered as a package
unit. With the Racebilt Rippey Raingun, you can
easily irrigate 12 acres of improved pasture land in
one night with one man!V In many instances, Racebilt systems have tripled
the improved pasture grass production after being
used only 90 days! These systems can also be used
for pasture fertilization at the same time you ir- Some of the world's Brahman experts gathered at the Brahman Centennial in Charles. rigate. today for literature and free planning lr- tast September. Left to right, Dr. 0. B. Kelker of India, Dr. Sam Higginbottom vice. It's yours for the asking! Of Babson Park, former agricultural missionary to India, Dr. Burch H. Schneider of
the University of West Virginia and Dr. N. R. Yoshi of India look at Higginbottor's book about Indian agriculture.
I 14-Second Section The Florida Cattleman




The Title of This Little Story is
t"DID YOU HEAR WHAT HAPPENED AT THE STATE FAIR OF TEXAS"
OR
"MIND IF WE BRAG A LITTLE"
Yes sir, the competition was rough at the 1949 State Fair of Texas Brahman Show. But we were all right proud
of the JDH showherd. Here's what it did:
ENTERED 16 CLASSES ... Took FIRST in 12 classes ... Took second in 2 classes ... Took third in 2 classes
PLUS
The Grand
Champion Bull
PLUS
The Coveted
"Get of Sire"
Award
JDH Rex A Manso. Champion Brahman Bull State Fair of Texas, 1949
SURE WE'RE PROUD. Who wouldn't be? But what tickled us most was the way other folks "went to town"
with our MANSO breeding. Like Glenn Faver's Grand Champion female, Burke Bros.' Reserve Champion, and Louisiana State University's Reserve Champion bull. . all sired by bulls BRED BY US ON OUR RANCH.
It just goes to show you what GOOD BREEDING in GOOD HANDS will do.
WHY POSTPONE THE INEVITABLE?
Get on the Manso Band Wagon Now!
A CHOICE SELECTION OF BULL AND HEIFER CALVES AVAILABLE
J. D. HUDGINS
"Beef-Type Brahmans"
HUNGERFORD, (Wharton County) TEXAS
/or January, 1950 Second Section-15




lush and plentiful. The big, aged steer became the meat product. The native grasses were overgrazed, ranges were deFLO R D A "Spleted because always new country lay
one hundred years ago in 1849, the cattlemen of America did not realize that a startling answer to thrifty beef animals was that year having its beginning in
dre yers goDoctor James Dolton Davi mad thefirst importation of Brahiman or Bos Indicus cattle to this M A RKETS Continent. The Brahman had come to
America and its landing was at Charles. ton, South Carolina. thank you for your patronage during 1949 While Brahman history in America
actually dates from Charleston, South and invite your continued support in 1950. Carolina, ioo years ago, the substantial
growth of the breed dates back, however, At Gainesville and Kissimmee, Florida not more than 40 to 50 years. See, then,
what tremendous advances have been catteme hae maket th buyrs nowandmade by the American Agriculturist in catteme hae maket th buyrs now andthose few short years. Visualize, if you patronize. Faiiisand bookkeeping pro- will, what significant results can and
Failtismust be anticipated in the future
cedures have been developed through the through the proper utilization of the
breed in beef production. The Brahman years to provide both buyers and sellers with is the oldest of the breeds of cattle, yet
its history as a beef animal is limited the best possible service. You can be sure of to Brazil and America.
The Brahman came to America in his a square deal and prompt payment when you native state. The American Agriculturist
realized that this bovine possibly could market at Kissimmee or at Gainesville. answer many of his problems of tough,
less desirable ranges and of disease and If you don't receive our weekly market insect infestations; he also soon realized
that this animal had the possibility of reports, write today. We will gladly put you furnishing him the means of a fast grow.
ing beef an-imal. He seized upon the on our list to receive either or both reports, B'rahman and through intelligent application of the laws of genetics and good as you prefer. animal husbandry, he has made of the
Bos Indicus animal the greatest instrumentality for beef production that has ever yet been developed in any land. The Brahman function in this great Established 1939 0Sales Every Wednesday, scheme of beef production is not one
essentially of replacement-but one of agmentation, one of supplementation; a reagent, if you will, to make the best do much better.
process of development for beef producLivestock Auction Market tioafr ntold generations. All of the
present day cattle, excepting only the Bamnare, said to be derived fromn th rsand Celtic Shorthorn animals Established 1935 0 Auctions Every Monday At the beginning of the domestication
of these breeds, there was no shortening of legs, no compactness of body, no fleshiing quality, no even distribution of flesh G A IN E S V I LLE over the carcass. Good breeding technique has developed these qualities.
Livetoc ion mar et ook, then, at what we call our best
AA beef cattle of today. We see they are
beefy creatures created by careful selec tion, transformed from the ungainly base
_________________________________________________________ stock of bovine into magnificent animals,
16-Second Section The Florida Cattleman




and developed into highly productive beef units. Any thinking man would have no reason to believe that the transformation process is finished, that the ultimate has been reached. Rather, are we only started on the path. With the success we are seeing with hybridization
in many breeding programs, we can easily forecast much greater developments in beef production through a proper utilization of the Bos Indicus and Bos Taurus species. To contemplate otherwise would be to turn our backs on all the success of men working in the field of genetics as it relates to all growing things;-to turn our backs on the development that has been seen in the production of hybrid corn, rice, sugarcane, oats, poultry, hogs;-to turn our backs on the phenomenal success of the King Rand in presenting the Santa Gertrudis breed;-to forget the Beefmaster, the Braford, the Brangus, and the Charbray.
The Brahman in America, by reason of his qualities of sturdiness and adaptability, is being developed into a spectacular beef machine. Through the application of good breeding practices, he rei (L eecIn9
is being molded into a classic beef animal that contains all those excellent inherent -featuring Imperator blood through Commander Van Dorn-is earnqualities of the sturdy, thrifty Bos Indi- ing recognition more and more for its general excellence. Prestado
cus breed to which is added the ability Jr. 3rd (156-41616) our junior herd sire, illustrated, above, is by
to flesh-to produce the right beef at the Prestado (195/4-18062) as is the heifer below, Miss Prestado 9th.
right time.
At this point, I am reminded of a quotation from Emerson on English livestock characteristics. He said, in speaking of the English livestock industry: "The native cattle are extinct, but the Island is full of artificial breeds. The Agriculturist, Bakewell, created sheep and cows and horses to order and breeds in. which everything was omitted but what was economical. The cow is sacrificed to her bag, the ox to his sirloin." And I will here happily add that we in America are sacrificing the Indian Brahman to beef production, and this sacrifice to beef production is, I am afraid, at the consternation of some Indian cattle enthusiasts who apparently have failed to realize that all present day beef animals have been created by careful breeding processes-just as is occurring in the Brahman industry today. Yet, to those who are sincerely interested in the economical production of meat, this AT OCALA we will offer Miss Prestado 9th (290-app. for) a March,
process is of extreme interest. 1949 heifer, and Prestado Jr. 5th (165-41619), a coming-two-year-old bull.
The Brahman in America is not only Strong in Imperator and Manso breeding, both of these individuals will
increasing beef production through warrant your careful inspection.
heterosis or hybrid vigor;-he is fast becoming a beef animal within himself! This is a perfectly natural genetic result which should be understood and adhered to, not misjudged and condemned. The THE W
American breeder has never been satisfied to merely take a good animal and ST. CLOUD (Ranch at Kissimmee Park) FLORIDA
keep him good. He will take a good corn and make of it a better corn, will take a
for January, 1950 Second Section-17




4k HOUSTON
i Show-Sale
In February
Brahman judging Feb.
9-10, sale Feb. 10,
in Texas city
MORE PREMIUM MONEY, and more cattle
than are shown in any other Brahman
show ir, America, are anticipated at the
i95o Houston Fat Stock Show and Live.
stock Exposition which will be held
February 1-12 in the Texas city.
In addition a Brahman sale will be
held which annually runs neck and neck
with Florida's Ocala sale in prices paid
and quality of animals consigned.
Brahmans will be on display for one
week beginning February 6 and ending
February 12, with judging scheduled on
v February 9 and io beginning at 7:00
a. m. and ending at i:oo p. m. daily.
Durrance Ranch isgetting some exceptional calves from its $i5,ooo sire, King Grey, The annual sale is scheduled for Feb.
as this picture of a heifer calf by the famous bull shows. (Photo by Gardner.) ruary io at 2:oo p. m.
Of course Brahmans aren't the only
good animal and make it a better animal, animal. There is no magic animal. A animals shoivn at Houston. The Fat The Brahman has met'with enthusiastic Brahman will do well on poor condi- Stock Show itself is a very large event, reception because our agriculturists are tions, yes, but he does better under and in addition Aberdeen-Angus, Hereprogressive. The opportunity to build better conditions. Improved soil and ford, Shorthorn, Jersey and Guernsey a better beef animal has been an in- improved grazing conditions are as im- cattle will be shown, plus fat lambs, fat viting challenge to him. This oppor- portant to a proper functioning of the chickens, fat swine, fat turkeys, breeding
tunity has enlisted the aid of active men Brahman industry in America as any sheep, poultry and rabbits.
in all walks of life. The Brahman in- other one thing. Those who think they While no Florida animals have ever dustry is fortunate in having been able can neglect and abuse their soil and been shown at Houston, there is no to engage the enthusiastic interest of continue their beef production through reason why they shouldn't be, as the men from many fields of endeavor. This the excellency of Brahman ability to show is an open event. It is considered has permitted a tempo in Brahman de- survive are fooling themselves, the most important show in the Texasvelopment that has never been experi- Louisiana area as the Ocala event is
velopmectnthatrhasineverebeentexperi
enced in the development of any other Fugle Sells Three considered in the Southeast.
breed. The speed of this progress, of Prizes start at $45 for first, $30 for
course, has resulted in many animals Animals for $2850 second, $2o for third, $15 for fourth and
being left by the wayside. That is a BRAHMAN CATTLE RAISING is a paying $io for fifth through tenth places. That
perfectly natural result, and does cause business for L. E. Fugle, former DeLand amounts to $i7o per class, and there are some immediate confusion, but the mayor and vice president of the South- eight classes for individual bulls, a simelement of time will correct these things eastern Brahman Breeders Association. ilar number for females and six group and the excellency of the result obtained according to newspaper reports. classes, in addition to grand and reserve
will prevail and offset this inconvenience. Fugle sold three animals for a total champion male and female classes.
The Brahman came into prominence of $2850, including Taxpayer, bought by Last year's sale averaged $723.69 on
in this country at about the time ranges William Candler of Kissimmee at the 42 head, with top-selling animal bringing
were getting poorer. He was utilized be- Ocala Brahman Sale for $95o, Miss Rex $3350.
cause his environmental history was such Manso, bought by Norris Cattle Cointhat he had an inherent ability to hustle, pany of Ocala for $15oo, and D. C. 2d, Pecan Acres Sale Set
to withstand disease, to survive. He sold to a Lakeland man for $5oo. Other
could follow in on these poorer ranges sales have been made to Oklahoma, ANOTHER RECORD-BREAKING Pecan Acres
and do a good job. Some breeders saw North Carolina and Georgia. sale is in prospect at Simonton, Tex.,
in him other qualities of beef and February ii, if Owner Vernon Frost is
through selection and intelligent exer- JACKSON COUNTY cattlemen heard Dr. any prophet. The Texan reports that cise of scientific breeding practices, they Oliver F. Goen of Gainesville, extension the 1950 offering will be even better developed a great beef animal. Some, animal husbandman, speak at a meeting from that sold for an average of $1191
then, thought of the Brahman as a magic near Marianna recently. last year.
18-Second Section The Florida Cattleman




10
N ow Its H eifers Remember the fine bull, Emperor's MM 788, which
w I s Hr was twice a grand champion last year? Well, this
year we are also showing three young heifers at the Ocala Brahman Show January 17-20. Pictured above, they are, left to right, Miss Murphy Trillando Manso 10th, Miss Lady M. Emperor 8th, and Murphy's Trillando Manso 4th. We believe they'll be even better at show time than they appear above.
Write or Wire Us For Information 0
Selling at Ocala!
Lady Imperator 7th, sired by Imperator of Florida, is our consignment to the registered Brahman sale at Ocala. Calved
February 10, 1949, we invite you S B
to see her, also, at Ocala.
0vo PAR F 0 RIPA
Twice a
Reserve Champion
Riley's Imparistre-the young bull photographed (right) at the Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show-has now been reserve champion at two major Brahman shows, duplicating at Kissimmee the honor he first won at the Ocala
Brahman Show last year.
Other prizes won by our stock at the
Kissimmee show included: Princess Ponciano and Miss Emperor Nita Manso, first; Ponciano Jr. 17th, second; and Miss Nita Manso, third.
We invite you to inspect these cattle at the
Ocala Brahman Show January 17-20--or at the ranch at any time. You're always welcome.
Mrs. Pat Johnston &Son
BAR SEVEN RANCH Phone 2871 KISSIMMEE, FLA.
tor January, 1950 Second Section-19




RESEARCH
Aids Disease
Prevention
Safety and potency of remedies
also important
Research into diseases of animals, and
progress in improving safety and potency
of pharmaceutical products, have greatly
increased the value of veterinary treatment to the cattleman. A Lederle Laboratories research man delivered an address, printed in condensed form below,
during the American Brahman Centennial, at Charleston, S. C.
Miss Brahman Centennial was Miss Rachel Newton, who is pictured above at h
coronation with members of her court. Miss Newton is from Charleston where the by J. D. LEAMING, V.M.D. first Brahman cattle landed in America in 1849.
As PRODUCERS of a portion of the basic
food necessary for human existence, ing the needs of our ever increasing have been hundreds of reports published cattlemen are an important and integral population is apparent. Our newer covering the use of sulfanilamide, sulfa part of the American economy. The knowledge of disease prevention must pyridine, sulfathiazole, sulfaguanidine
purpose of many other industrial efforts parallel and, if possible, precede the sulfadiazine, sulfamerazine, sulfaquinoxa is to aid you and others to maintain the demand for more food. Forcing animals line, and sulfamethazine in the treatment high living standards we have come to to produce is not only unnatural but of bacterial diseases of animals. consider our right to enjoy. We have occasionally economically unsound in the In general, the recommendations fo arranged our lives to include dependence long run, and may in-crease the incidence sulfonamide therapy are as follows: on the products which you are respon- of disease. Preventing losses of livestock First, one should be sure he is treating sible for producing-meat and meat due to disease increases production and an acute bacterial disease. Then, ade
products. Your goal is production of holds as great importance as genetic quate dosage should be given, preferably the best possible product at the lowest improvement, intravenously, to assure effective concern
possible cost. It is your responsibility Commercial producers of biological tration of the drug at the site of infecand the responsibility of government and pharmaceutical products are making tion immediately. Maintenance doses agencies, manufacturers of pharmaceuti- every effort not only to comply with, should be given to assure effective concal and biological products, privately but exceed, the legal requirements of centrations of drug at the site of iiiendowed and public and industrial re- safety and potency. They are cognizant fection until it is overcome, and may search institutions to aid you in any way of the need for reduced product cost to be given orally or by any other acceptable to reach your goal. Prevention of dis- the consumer and are introducing com- route. ease is a first step to accomplish this end, bled vaccines and bacterins. Immuni- The dosage should not be guessed at; and is the ideal of medicine. The neces- zation with a bacterin containing more obviously, too much can be given.. "Thli sity for treatment is a tacit admission than one antigen affords as effective pro- therapeutic or treatment hazard should of our failure to meet this ideal. Very tection against each disease component not exceed the disease hazard." Caution little effort has been made to impress as immunization with separately injected should be used when treating a dehydrathe people concerned with animal hus- single antigens. The combination permits ted animal. The water intake should bandry with the important implications savings in both labor- and product cost. be adequate. Water should be forced, of these statements. Veterinarians and Several combined veterinary biologicals if necessary, during the treatment period. others concerned with the prevention of are now available and more are being The term antibiotic, as used in medianimal diseases are making every effort considered for marketing in the near cine today, means a substance produced to acquaint the livestock producer with future. These are but a few of the by living organisms (bacteria, molds, the great economic losses which result advances which can be noted in the field fungi, etc.) that has an inhibiting effect from uncontrolled disease, of preventive veterinary medicine today. on the life processes of other bacteria.
Preventive medicine includes not only The first published report in the The beneficial effect ascribed to the us the use of biological and pharmaceutical U. S. A. on the therapeutic use of of an antibiotic in the treatment 0 agents, but knowledge of and obedience sulfonamides in veterinary medicine ap- disease is accomplished either by bacterioto the regulations regarding isolation of peered in the Journal of the American static-stopping growth-or bactericidalanimals harboring transmissible infec- Veterinary Medical Association in 1937. killing-activity. tious disease, and the application of A preliminary report was presented by It would be in order at this point to
sound management practices, including J. A. Allot concerning the effectiveness interject a word of caution as to the good nutrition and sanitation, of sulfanilamide in the treatment of side reactions accompanying the misuse
The magnitude of the task of supply- mastitis in cattle. Since that time, there of antibiotics and sulfonamides, and to
20-Second Section The Florida Cattleman




0 EMPEROR P 806TH (80643003) -upper left-a service-age son of
Emperor (below) who is without doubt a very desirable herd bull prospect.
MISS EMPEROR JR. 8TH 155TH (155/0.64935),-upper rightsecond-place senior heifer in the 1949 Ocala show, a granddaughter of Emperor and a daughter of ch. Emperor Jr. 8th.
* MISS EMPEROR S 255 (255/0-71381) a 1949 spring heifer calf, a daughter of Emperor out of a Florida-bred Manso cow.
Pictured at left these five spring 1949 sons of Emperor were weaned from their own
mothers Sept. 20 the 1949 Kissimmee champion, Emperor Return 1st, a three-quarter son of Emperor Florida-bred-and-raised cows, like Emperor's Lady Resoto, are fea- R an ch
tured in the Partin herd e bottom of panel is Emperor's Himalaya Manso, blue ribbon jun- HENRY 0. PARTIN & SONS
ior heifer at the 1949 Sumter breeder show at Webster. Phone 5603 KISSIMMEE, FLA.
j




emphasize the necessity for preventing the abuses of these drugs in the treat. ment of disease. It has been undeniably proven by reliable investigators that resistant strains of disease-producing organisms may result from misuse of
certain of these agents. They must be used in proper dosage to insure maximum effect with minimum toxicity at proper intervals to maintain bacteria static activity for sufficient time to eliminate the disease. Veterinary literature today contains little information regarding any new approach to the prevention and treatment of ketosis. Much research concerning the cause of ketosis and rational means of therapy, as well as steps to prevent its occurrence, is being carried out by many academic and industrial organi zations. We know that this disease occurs most commonly ten days to six
female at the 1948 Hardee county show, nowv in the for milk production is highest. The exherd of the Range Cattle station at Ona. We will have ,o bulls available for sale at the ranch this spring and cessive demand on energy sources, suci inquiries are invited. as fat and carbohydrate reserves, results
in rapid depletion of these reserves, and weight loss usually follows.
T ~Bloat may be acute or chronic. Acute
-A bloat may be caused by choking on
T. C. HART turnips, beets or other objects which may
lodge in the esophagus. Tumors or large Phone 109-J WAUCHULA, FLORIDA lymph nodes pressing on the esophagus
may predispose to chronic bloat. Bloating caused by the above mentioned conditions prevents the escape of gas by the normal route, which is accomplished FOR SALE by eructation or belching. Chronic bloat
HERD OF 20 REGISTERED REGISTERED may also accompany diseases of the
BROWN SWISS CATTLE BRAHMAN CATTLE nervous system which interfere with the
For description and price, address nervous mechanism that is necessary to
GEO. A. CHAPMAN FERGUSON RANCH produce rumination and eructation.
MeBean, Georgia PARRISIL FLA. Diseases of the lower digestive tract, such
as enteritis or pyloric stenosis, may interfere with rumination and eructation, Bloat does not necessarily arise from an increase in gas production but from inability to eliminate formed gas. These P U R C E LL L S gases are found in the dorsal or top
portion of the rumen. The escape We clothe the family . We furnish the home valve, or cardiac sphincter, as it is called,
is located at a much lower level. RumiNOCONA AND JUSTIN LEVIS AND H BAR C nation, or forestomach movement, as well
BOOTS RANCHWEAR as opening of the sphincter, are necessary
to permit eructation and elimination TEX-TAN RIDING PUREBRED BRAHMAN of gas.
EQUIPMENT CATTLE Aids in the prevention of bloat are
REGISTERED PALOMINO HORSES as follows:
Plant pastures of mixed grasses rather Few Bulls For Sale- than all legume pasture.
Can Be Seen At The Ranch Feed good quality roughage at all
times, and particularly in large amounts Contact the Orlando Store, 315 W. Church, before pasturing on legume grass in the
for appointment prebloom stage.
Avoid overfeeding of concentrates for Sanford ORLANDO 0 Haines City long periods to the exclusion of sufficient
roughage.
Avoid feeding of tubers which may
22-Second Section The Florida Cattleman




cause choke.
Mastitis, or inflammation of the mamwary gland, may arise from any number of causes ranging from trauma or injury of the udder tissue to insidious local infection of undetermined origin.. It is of marked importance, wherever possible, to determine the organisms responsible for infectious mastitis by bacteriological examination of the milk. I stress this phase of diagnosis because, without this procedure, it is difficult to properly treat this disease. The organisms involved in infectious mastitis may be streptococci, staphylococci, coliform or. ganisms, or be members of the genus Pseudomonas. Infection caused by some of these organisms can be successfully controlled with sulfonamides or anti- AT THE-PASCO FAIR we are showing First Love
biotics. In this field of therapy we have registered Bhmans Our
a good example of the development of and several other ra .
resistant strains of organisms which nor- herd is of Maroto breeding, exceptionally
mally would yield to sulfon-amide or, gentle and well conformed.
antibiotic therapy. It is becoming more and more apparent that some strains of, See Us At Any Time
streptococci and staphylococci, which should be controlled by the proper use of sulfonamides or penicillin, have, due to improper use of these drugs, become HACKNEY SIMPSON
resistant to their action. In these cases, infection remains in spite of proper treat- ZEPHYRHILLS, FLORIDA
ment after the resistant organism has become established.
Research in the treatment of mastitis with Aureomycin shows very promising possibilities and indicates that this anti-i t)J
biotic may prove to be an excellent therapeutic agent. The bacterial spectrum -/1 -bulls and heifers
which it covers, and the length of time it remains in the udder in greater than bacteriostatic concentrations, are advan- and bull and heifer calves by Cooper and
tages over some of the presently employed agents. Beville B. Manso available at the ranch
This leads to a very important closing topic, and one which I feel sure you will agree needs all our cooperation. There is the most urgent need for ac- 0 offering at Ocala the bull
curate and complete morbidity and mortality statistics of animal diseases in Circle H Silver Dutch, calved March 5,
the United States. We do not know in what direction research should be 1948.
directed to best aid in disease prevention and the development of new and more efficient therapeutic agents, because we have little accurate knowledge as to the relative importance of disease conditions in animals in the United States. This can be accomplished only by accumulating accurate information concerning the frequency of specific diseases, the numbers of sick animals and deaths due to specific diseases. Then, and only theif, can we estimate the losses caused by each disease entity When this has been accomplished, we can so direct our efforts in research and control measures Bushnell, Fla.
to come closer to the goal of disease eradication.
1Or January, 1950 Second Section-23




Watch for ATTEND THE SHOW -JANUARY 17, 18,19
thiCattle will be received and inspected by 6 p.m. Tuesday, Jun. 17 0 Judging of all Junior
thi c ta ogbegins 9 a.m. Wednesday, Jan. 18, followed by Judging of Male Individual and Male Group classes in your 0 Judging of Female and other Group Classes begins 9:30 a.m. Thursday, Jan. 19 followed by Juni I your ior Judging Contests at noon, and the Annual Banquet at 7 p. m.
mail..
m THEN BE SURE TO SEE THESE 39 REGISTERED
BRAHMANS AT AUCTION
1 P.M., FRIDAY, JANUARY 20
Lot Name Calved Consignor P.H. No.-ABBA No.
1 Miss Bess Jacob ..................... 4-6-47 J. A. Barthle & Sons, San Antonio 6-55757......
2 Madam Shaker 11-8-47 ..... H. S. Hazen, Center Hill ..............15-59195
3 Lily Belle ...... ................. 11-27-47 ...... Dave Sloan, Mascotte ................8-63420
4 Tippu's Princess No. 324 .......... 2-21-48 L.... L. S. Harris, Bartow ................. 324-66314
5 B.D.'s Queen A ..................... 3-5-48 ..... Norris Cattle Company, Ocala ......... 1/8-62719
6 Miss Whitey ....................... 4-10-48 .... Dave Sloan, Mascotte. 6-64167
7 Princess Magso Cacique 41st 1-15-48 .. Russell Farmer, Wauchula .... 41-60746
8 Miss Emperor 8th 155th .............. 2-9-48 ...... Henry 0. Partin & Sons, Kissimmee.. 155/0-64935
9 Red Dick's Arabella .................. 3-13-48 ..... Norris Cattle Company, Ocala .... 60/8-62685
10 Red Dick's Joanne .................. 3-26-48 ... Norris Cattle Company, Ocala ....... 54/8-62679
11 Cleopatra .... ....... .......... 3-20-48 G. Philip Higdon, Charleston, S. C. 14-66303
1.. 2 Princess Manso 39th .............. 1.11-25-47 ..... Russell Farmer, Wauchula ............ 39-60745
13 Judy Canova ...................... 1-12-49 ...... A. Y. Carlton, Sarasota .. ........ 17-70342
14 Miss Emperor S 255 ................ 2-6-49 ..... Henry 0. Parting & Sons, Kissimmee .... 255/0-71381
15 Lady Imperator 7th .............. 2-10-49 ...... Oakley Murphy, Avon Park ......... 20-70541
16 DR Lady Hopkins 1000) ............... 2-10-49 ...... Durrance Ranch, Brighton .......... 1000-72736
17 Miss Lee ... .................... 3-20-49 . A. Y. Carlton, Sarasota.... 18-70343
18 Miss Prestado 9th ................... 3-30-49 ..... The Whaley Co., Kissimmee Park ... 290-app for
19 DR Grey Mansita 93/1 ............... 5-6-49 ... Durrance Ranch, Brighton ........ 93/1-72734
20 DR Blue Mansita 97/1 ................ 5-10-49 .... Durrance Ranch, Brighton .......... 97/1-72735
21 Tip ...... ............ ......... 3-10-45 ... L. S. Harris, Bartow ............... 18-22689
22 Arando ........ ............ 11-29-46 Dave Sloan, Mascotte ............. 3-34035
23 Tippu Prince 200th ................... 1-22-47 ..... Eugene Griffin, Bartow ............. 20024 Sir Hubert Arishopman ............ 3-10-47 ...... Kenmore Ranch, Vero Beach ........ 11-33490
25 Dandelion's Duce ....................1-26-48 .. Norris Cattle Company, Ocala. 2/8-40861
26 Sir Aristo Imperator.................. 2-17-48 ...W. H. Stuart, Bartow .803/43899.. 8
27 Circle H Silver Dutch ................. 3-5-48 C. H. Beville, Bushnell ................21-45197
28 Red Dick's McArthur .................. 3-5-48 .. Norris Cattle Company, Ocala ...... 58/8-40915
29 Tippu Prince 59th . 3-15-48 Russell Farmer, Wauchula 59-47602
30 Phleugar H Manso 881 ............ 3-15-48 .... J. P. James, Bartow ................ 881-41858
31 Prestado Jr. 5th ..................... 5-16-48 .. The Whaley Co., Kissimmee Park ...... 165-41619
32 Emperor P 806th........... 5-15-48 .... Henry 0. Partin & Sons, Kissimmee. 806-4308 3
f 33 J.D.H. Secrat de Manso .............. 9-1-48 ...... Durrance Ranch, Brighton .. .......768/548152
34 Baby Emperor 2nd ................. 12-12-48 ..... J. A. Barthle & Sons, San Antonio .......21-50291
r 35 Fryatt's Appling 220th. 2-21-49. L. S. Harris, Bartow 240
N C4 36 Dandelion's King ....................... 49 ... Polk Brahman Farms, Winter Haven... 178-app for
4 'I-tOf 37 Emperor Manso 1st 1-16-49 ... H. S. Hazen, Center Hill .. 37-50136
38 John Josh 6th ...................... 4-14-49 ..... J. 0. Wolff & Sons, Okeechobee ........648421
39 DR Blue Manso 99/1 ................. 3-9-49 ...... Durrance Ranch, Brighton .......... 99/1-50800
For Premium List, Catalogs, write R. G. "Bob" Herrmann, Secretary, Southeastern Brahman Breeders' Association, Box 1051, Ocala, Fla.
BE IN OCA FOR BMAN DAYS, JANUARY 17-10




HAT IS GEIETIIS? Kelley of Australia
Touches on Important Subject in Paper
Read at American Brahman Centennial
Potentials are found in heredity; Environment control improves
selection of potentials; Methods of breeding to achieve these
results are reviewed
It didn't take Mendel and his theories of heredity to start controlled breeding of is in explanation. The science of genetics animals. And even the Russians, who deny Mendel, follow the same breeding builds upon the foundation of chemical methods used in the Western countries. Natural survival characteristics, such as units of inheritance carried upon strucfear and poor fleshing ability, can be modified by constructive breeding. The author tures within germinal cells. An elabof the talk, read at the American Brahman Centennial in Charleston last September, orate series of names has been evolved is a noted scientist at the F. D. McMaster's Field Station, Badgery Creek, Australia. to define the mechanisms by which variation is brought about but, fundamental.
by R. B. KrLLEY of natural selection. Broadly, the idea ly, the conception is of threads which
IT SHOULD BE REMEMBERED that controlled was that conditions of the environment carry the units of inheritance more or breeding of animals was taking place favoured the survival of certain types less like beads on a string. The beads many years before Gregor Mendel made and eliminated others; those which sur- are capable of subtle chemical reactions. his investigations. Furthermore, most vived reproduced and disclosed further They are often in pairs and in a given breeds and strains of domestic animals variation. Again some were better and situation occupy a definable position on were evolved in that early period and some were less well-adapted to critical a particular thread. The heredity of the those having more recent origin have, environmental conditions and again, animal is restricted and depends prifor the greater part, been moulded and under natural selection, some forms sur- marily upon the nature of the beads fashioned by using techniques which vived while others died out. Through- and upon the re-arrangements which ante-dated the Mendelain hypothesis. out millions of years these processes gave take place when the units from male The fact is that, although the science rise to species and varieties of animals and female germinal cells fuse and of genetics has provided reasonable ex- until man introduced selection for his assort themselves as may be, wholly conplanations for the efficacy of those tech- own purposes and modified the animals trolled by chance. niques, it has given rise to few, if any, so that they became more useful to him. Within pure lines the nature of the which are new. Indeed, in the U.S.S.R., This hypothesis is still thoroughly ac- units and the range of possibilities is where extensive and highly constructive ceptable. However, it gives rise to the fixed so that offspring are identical animal breeding is taking place, open problem of isolating fundamental causes. replicates of the parents. Every so often, belief in the Mendelian hypotheses, upon Here Mendel's findings and the work however, factors operate so that changes which the science of genetics is based, which has been done since their promul- take place in the units of inheritance is one of the most speedy methods of gation make the major contribution upon and, as a result, the offspring are unlike acquiring liquidation, which the Science of Genetics is based, their parents. The differences may be
The conception of progressively in- It is here also that the conceptions of small or great. Any may be the becreasing complexity was Darwin's great- Russian animal breeders are unlike those ginning of other changes which may be est contribution to Biological Science. of the Western Nations. It is empha- cumulative so that eventually a new It was he who advanced the hypothesis sized, however, that the major difference (Continued on page 4 -Second Section)
Orange State Stock Farms near Zellwood has purchased white, grade Brahman females from. which it is culling and selecting what owner S. M. Coen believes will be the basis for the best grade Brahman herd in Florida. Pictured above are some of these cows grazing on his sandland pastures in Orange County.
26-Second Section The Florida Cattleman




i7
OUR CONSIGNMENT AT OCALA
LILY BELLE (pictured at lelt) was calved November 27, 1947. She is by Earl 535th out of
Opal. The picture fails to do her justice. She is definitely superior.
MISS WHITEY (pictured at right) is an April 10, 1948, calf sired by Moto Estrella and out of
Comansa 213th. Note the straight bone and superb body on this heifer.
ARANDO (pictured in center) was calved November 29, 1946. Sired by Ano Manso Jr. out of
Silver Streak, this bull is the best we have ever offered for sale.
DAVE SLOAN, MASCOTTE, FLA.
See Zs op Quality 6&ahmans
We have a variety of registered stock with excellent pedigrees available at reasonable prices. Service-age bulls, weanling bull calves, bred and open heifers, and heifer calves.
For further information don't hesitate to contact us in person or by phone
E. W. WILLIAMS
Home Phone 726-R-2 0 Office Phone 359
BOX 686, PALATKA, FLORIDA
for January, 1950 Second Section-27




Directory
(Continued from page 3-Second Section)
ers. Herd consisting of 25 registered brood matrons was established in 1940 with purchases from Texas, mostly Zwansig, Appling, Jacobs and Butler breeding. Blood of Maroto, Henri etta, Hattie Cleo and Red lines, as well s many imported red Sahiwal bulls, is found in the herd. Sires are Ch. Red Raider (E, 7-14476) and Raiders Red Jo (BR 66). Red herd in process of development is more concen. trated in this breeding than alny herd in existence today.
BROCK, ERNEST (See Bar B Ranch)
BROCKINTON, S. R., Sandersville, Ga. ()
BROWN AND MACH, Webster, Fla., phone 2140 T. Noble Brown and R. O. Mach, owners, Brown, manager. This herd was established in 1944 and now contains 60 females of breeding age descended from stock purchased from S. A. Wilbeck, Raleigh Sanborn and J. D. Hudgins. Sires are Moto Estrella (2279) and Brown and Mach Commander (28519), both bred by Hudgins. ()
BROWN, T. NOBLE (See Brown and Mach)
CALOOSA RANCH (See Frank W. and Helene Williamson)
CAMP RANCH, Inc., Ocala ()
CANDLER, WILLIAM (See Edgewater Estates,
Inc.)
CARLTON, A. Y., RFD 2, Sarasota, Fla. ()
CARLTON, Dr. L. F., Citizens Building, Tampa, Flr. (*)
CATE, P. M., JR. (See V-W Ranch)
S elng AT OCALA CHAIRES RANCH, Bradenton, Fla., ranch located
nine miles east on Arcadia highway, phones 25-343 and 28-191, T. P. Chaires, Jr., owner.
* DR Lady Hopkins 1000th-Here is a beautiful red heifer who placed at This herd consists of 16 females of breeding age
the head of her class in the Kissimmee Valley show in November. She is and was started in 1944. Manso, Martin,
a daughter of Hopkins, whose daughter topped the first Arcadia sale and Hopkin, Silver King, Maroto, Aristocrata, Dutch,
Heroic, Red Imes, Mogul, Jeremias, Santinho, whose son now heads the Brahman breeding herd of Frank Scofield. Supimpa, Imperator, and other imported lines
are represented in the pedigrees. Sires are
* DR Blue Mansita 98/1-This dark steel heifer (at left in picture above) Emperor Jr. 10th (466-21366) and King Grade
combines Manso and Tippu breeding in a neat little package destined to (560-8716). ()
do well for somebody's breeding herd. CHAIRES, T. P., Jr. (See Chaires Ranch)
* DR Blue Manso 99/1-Shown in center above, this herd bull prospect CHAMPION, W. C., AND SON (See WC Ranch)
combines the blood of Poonca Manso and Tippu, is an excellent eater, and CHAPMAN, GEORGE A., McBean, Ga. ()
readily makes friends with strangers. CHAPMAN, U. S., Kissimmee, Fla. (*)
* DR Grey Mansita 93/1-There is a place among the better brood matrons CHINSEGUT HILL SANCTUARY, Brooksville,
in any herd for this Manso-Tippu heifer, shown at right in the picture above. Fla., located five miles north on U. S. Highway
41, phone 151-J. U. S. Department of Agricul* J D H Secrat de Manso- This bull is one of the last sons of Aristocrat ture, owner, William Jackson, manager. This
Manso, one of the great herd sires of the breed who helped make Manso herd consists of 17 registered Brahmans of
Maciso breeding bought from J. D. Hudgins. synonymous with beef type. He was calved September 1, 1948. Sires are JDH Fable de Manso (590/5-422 6)
and JDH Aftoso de Manso (482/5-42255).
CIRCLE E RANCH, Box 465, Starke, Fla., ranch located two miles south, phone 94, Maurice Edwards, Jr., owner. This herd was established in 1949 and contains 15 registered females of breeding age featuring Manso, Dutch, Martin, and Maroto breeding. Sire is Sir Heroto 42d, bred by J. D. Hudgins.
CIRCLE H RANCH, Bushnell, Fla., ranch located four miles north ori U. S. 301, Herman Beville, owner. This herd was begun in 1945 and now consists of 65 females of breeding age featuring
Rodrigo, Estrella, Amorim, Red Imes, Jeremias Quinca, Dan, Hopkins, Suva, Imperator, Threcircle and other imported breeding. Sires are Cooper (123-15619) and Beville B. MamO (888/4-28518), the former bred by Ted Telephone Lake Placid 2541 BRIG H TO N Mangum and the latter by J. D. Hudgins, both
TelephoneLakePlacid2541 BN of Wharton County, Tex. ()
CIRCLE SQUARE RANCH (See Norris Cattlt
Company)
CLARDY, JOHN S., Ocala, Fla. (*)
28-Seeond Section The Florida Cattleman




CLAY, R. 1., JR., Hastings, Fla., ranch located two miles southeast on Farmers' Boulevard, phone 2603. This heyd consists of 10 females of breeding arge acquired from Starke Estate, Orange, Tex., D. V. Guerra and Sons, McAllen, Tex., and Frank Buffaloe, Palacios, Tex. Sire is Prince Lutcher (738-31260). Miss Imperator Elephantus, sold to Durrance Ranch, was reserve champion female at the 1949 Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show. The 1950 calf crop is now
for sale. (C)
CLEMONS, OSCAR, RFD 1, Box 122, Kissimmee, Fla. (')
CLOVER BAR RANCH, Sarasota, Fla., ranch located six miles east on Fruitville road, phone 70-121, Stockbridge and Blackwell, owners, S. R.
Blackwell, manager. Registered herd, established in 1945, now has 75 females of breeding age.
Manso bloodlines are featured throughout. Sire
is Santiago (17640). (*)
CRAM, IHENRY S., Foot Point Plantation, Bluffton, S. C. (C)
CRESCENT F RANCH, Box 187, Wauchula, Fla.,
ranch located two miles east on old Avon Park highway, phones, night 3972, day 4733, Russell Farmer, owner. This herd was begun in 1945 and now contains 55 females of breeding age. Sires are Earl Manso (998/1-3715) and JDH Resoto
Manso 186/5-36025). ()
CROSS, THELMA C. (See KC Ranch)
CROWLEY, LEROY, Sarasota, Fla. (*) CUMMER, THE, COMPANY, P. O. Box 4640,
Jacksonville 1, Fla. (*)
DAVIS, A. F., Davis Farms, 950 E. Main St.,
Rock Hill, S. C. (*)
DEEP CREEK FARMS, DeLand, Fla., ranch lo- Champion at Kissimmee
cated eleven miles north on U. S. 17, phone 32, Champion at Kissimm ee
L. E. Fugle, owner. Herd consists of 25 females
of breeding age carrying Heroie, Sir Basil, Tippu Pictured above is Rex- sire: fMartin Jr ... Martin imP.
the Great, Quinca, Manso and Rex bloodlines, mar's 270oth, our grand Rexmar ........... 695 1Miss Supimpa 10th
Sires are Duke 70th (70-22658) and DC.Rex champion cow at te 9457786 IRexie Anna ....... fSilver King 291
Alns st capinco a heL8424 JArismura by Aristoaso 1st. () 949 Kissimmee Val- crata
DIAMOND R RANCH, Hastings, Fla., ranch ley Livestock Show
located three and a half miles southeast, D. D. . her pedigree fea- Dam: fAristocrata ........ (Barao
Red owner Rosilh's Own ....... I lArgenta
Reid, owner. Herd was established in 1945 with tures a number of o96 I Indiana .......... Silver King
purchases from Fred C. Schulens of Cat Springs, interesting bloodlines. L nRoschell
Tex., and now consists of 20 cows of breeding Rosc
age, with Agregard, Manso, Imperator and
Aristocratir bloodlines. Sire is Sir Canmore 1st, We expect to have for sale at the farm during the next few months,
bred by Schulens. (-) heifers and bull calves
DIAMOND W RANCH, RFD 1, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., M. M. Weiss, owner.
DOWNS, C. H., Sarasota, Fla. () G W MANN RANCH
DRAKE, T. P., Ocala, Fla. () G. W. MANN RANCH
DRAKE, W. H., Ocala, Fla. (*) Telephone, Bartow 509
DUDA, A., AND SONS, Cocoa, Fla., office located at Oviedo, Fla., phone 2151, ranch located five BARTOW (Ranch west of Dundee) FLORIDA
miles southwest of Cocoa, Gilbert A. Tucker, manager, phone 364-J. This herd now contains 320 breeding females, mostly Manso and Imperator in breeding. Sires include Meteurus (9776731), Empre (791-34645), JDH Fay de Manso (469/5-42452), Richard Manso (441/3-12040 and Manimoso Manso 841 (841/4-23057). All sires were bred by J. D. Hudgins except for Empre which was bred by Henry O. Partin and registered Brah
Sons. A show herd is being developed, and last registered Brahyear a Duda heifer was named reserve junior man bulls will
champion female at the Ocala Brahman Show. () m a that much more beef from your rade
DUNHAM, Hilda (See RC Brahman Ranch) meVs. Our Brahman that much more beef from your grade, but
DURRANCE RANCH, Brighton, Fla., ranch lo- calves. Our Brahmans are not pampered, ut
cated 40 miles east of Arcadia, 25 miles vest of they have been selected for breeding which
Okeechobee, phone Lake Placid 2541, T. J. will build beef. Inspect them at our ranch
Durrance and Son, owners. The purebred herd was established in 1942 and contains 350 females between Punta Gorda and Fort Myers. Phone
of breeding age. Represented in the herd is 137-M for appointment.
blood from the majority of outstanding bulls. Top sire is King Grey, purchased from A. J. Marceaux of Kaplan, La. () PUNTA GORDA
ECHO GARDEN, Box 868, Bartow, ranch located FLORIDA
on Bartow-Lakeland highway, phone 436, Eugene F. Griffin, owner. This herd was established in
or January, 1950 Second Section-29




1947 and now consists of 40 registered female of breeding age representing varied bloodline, Sires are Manso Cadanza (166-34919), and a younger hull, Imperator 4th, recently purchase from A. J. Marceaux of Kaplan, La., whichwill be used on daughters of Masnso Cadanza. Several Echo Garden calves have been shown in junior competition, with two of them winning bli ribbons at the 1949 Polk County Youth Fair is Bartow. (
W- EDGEWATER ESTATES, INC., Kissimmee, Fla,
Williamn Candler, manager.
EDWARDS, MAURICE, JR. (See Circle E Ranch) EDWARDS, Raleigh W., Manatee, Fla.()
EPCO RANCH, 130 S. Franklin St., Tampa, Fla, ranch located two miles south of San Antonio, Fla., phone 22-688, Mr. and Mrs. G. F. Epperson, Jr., owners, Melvin Gaskin, caretaker. This herd consists of 27 females of breeding age strong in Maroto breeding. Sire is Boyma, (665-8527), a bull bred by Dr. W. S. Jacobs.
EPPERSON, Mr. and Mrs. G. F., Jr. (See Epee Ranch)
EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION, Belle The four calves pictured above have been raised and Garde, Fla., station located two miles east, phone
2640, Dr. R. V. Allison, director, R. W. Kidder, are being shown by animal husbandman. Herd consists of 15 females
of breeding age. Foundation cattle were acquired from Durrance Ranch at Brighton and from VanLandingbam Brothers of Belle Glade. Mans, FFA MEMBER SONNY GRIFFIN, and and Phleugar bloodlines are represented in cots,
Sire is Little David Jr. AA/31 (22547 bred by 4-H MEMBER BOBBY GRIFFIN Dr. W. S. Jacobs. ABBA membership is held at
the Range Cattle Experiment Station, and includes herds at Belle Glade and Gainesville, as well as at Ona.
See them at the ranch. Or wait and see them at the FERGUSON, A. J., Parish, Fla. (*)
two big Brahman shows this winter-Ocala Brahman FERGUSON, A. N., Parish, Fla. ()
Show January 14-17 and Florida State Fair. We have FARMER, Russell (See Crescent F Ranch)
nothing for sale now, but we invite you to pay us a FLIPSE, DR. M. J., 305 Huntington Building,
visit anytime. Miami, Fla. (0)
FLORII)A STATE FARM, Raiford, Fla., J. C. Godwin, manager. (*)
FRIZZELL, A. C'., Murdock, Fla. ()
ECHO GARDENS FUGLE, L. E. (See Deep Creek)
GRIFFIN, EUGENE F. (See Echo Garden)
GAMMAGE, M. G., 163 N. Brevard, Arcadia, Fla. (
Eugene F. Grif fin FIla, (.J Se hl rekRnh
GARDNER, P. LE B. (See Kenmore Ranch) HALL, E. J. (See Shell Creek Ranch)
HARRIS, L. S., RANCH, 410 S. Orange Ave., Bar, BARTOW FLORIDA tow, Fla., phone 411, ranch located one mile
south of Kissimmee, Horace Fulford, herdsman, Fryatt, top sire, has been in use since 1948 and is a bull of Manso and Maroto breeding who is RANCH LOCATED ON BA RTO %V -LAKELAND HIGHWAY producing consistently outstanding calves. Herd
was established in 1942 and has now grown to contain 200 females of breeding age featuring Tippu, Manso and Heroto breeding. Flat Top, bull of 100 percent imported blood, was original sire and is still being used. A selection of bull calves, two-year-old bulls and some females are available for sale. (-)
HART, T. C. (See T Hart Ranch) Fihe Meat We fft-y Zegle I-AW CREEK RANCH, Bunnell, Flu., ranch located
10 miles south on Perkins highway, Raymon F. Tucker, owner. This herd was established in A butchering manual-a handbook of every. 1947 with purchases at Brahman sales, and noW
thing from slaughtering to carving. Covers contains five females of breeding age mostlY
curing, tanning, storing (lockers), cuts and Manso in breeding. Sire is DR Compact MansO
formulas. 375 pages of practical information 638th (35670).
on handling meat. HAYMAN, W. P., Bartow, Fla.
HAZEN, H. S., Center Hill, Fla. (*) $3.40 H BAR RANCH, 2107 Hendry St., Fort Myers, Fla,,
$3.4DY PUBLICATIONS ranch located six miles east, phone 175, R. A.
plus 3% C D PA Inc. Henderson, Jr., owner. Established in 1942, this
State Sales Tax herd consists of 19 females of breeding age with
BOX 891, KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA breeding of Maroto, Hopkins, Heroto, Dutch, Don'
and Hattie Cleo, prominent in pedigrees. Sires are April 842 (842-4642), Hobby Manso gt 104-11917) and Emperor Jr. 25th (621-29069). (*)
30-Second Section The Florida Cattleman




IIEART BAR RANCH, Kissimmee, Fla., ranch lo-
cated five miles southeast, phone 5603, Henry 0. ... ..
Partin and Sons, owners. Established in 1936 with purchase of 100 registered females of Hudgins breeding, Heart Bar now has a breeding herd of 500 matrons. The herd is served by ten registered bulls of Emperor, Imparistre and Manso blood. At the Florida State Fair, Emperor (7961), Partin-bred, placed first as a bull calf in 1941, and first in his class and grand champion as a yearling bull in 1942. Emperor was also grand champion at the Southeastern Brahman Show in Ocala, and champion at Kissimmee for two years.
Since then, sons and daughters of Emperor have distinguished themselves in competition. During 1948 a son was grand champion bull at the Ocala Brahman Show, a son and a daughter won both grand championships at the Florida State Fair, as well as at the Sumter All-Florida Breeders Show, and a son was reserve champion bull at the National Brahman Show in Dallas. During 1949, a daughter was grand champion female at both the Florida State Fair and the Ocala Brahman Show, and seven animals brought home six first
prizes from. the Sumter All-Florida Show. ()
HENDERSON, R. A., JR. (See H Bar Ranch)
HENDRY, J. B., LaBelle, Fla. ()
HIGDON, G. PHILIP (See Springfield Farm)
HOGAN, DR. W. F., Ocala, Fla. (-)
HORNE BROTHERS, RFD 1, Ocala, Fla., ranch Black. This herd consists of 56 registered females
of breeding age.
HOUSE, FRED, Sarasota, Fla. (') Take a look at this picture of Flato Brahmans.
HURST BROTHERS, RFD, Box 57, Tallahassee, Notice the straight toplines in this row, as flat
Fla., ranch located four miles east on old St.
Augustine road, Raymond C. and Oscar E. Hurst, and even as a table top. Every animal alike and
owners, Oscar E. Hurst, manager. This herd,
started in 1948, consists of two brood matrons of every one good!
Manso breeding. Sire is Florida Alaya Manso Jr.
17th (495-42068) purchased from Mrs. Pat Johnston and Son, Kissimmee. Registered Flato Brahmans are bred on the
JAMES, J. P., Bartow, Fla. (') great Manso bloodline-the line of champions.
JB RANCH, Immokalee, Fla., ranch located south No matter whether you're breeding for beef or
of Immoka ee at Sunniland, J. E. and Alusi Price,
owners, phone Jacksonville 25-950, W. M. Skipper, blue ribbons, you can help your herd with unimanager. This herd consists of 52 registered
matrons, and cattle are being bred to DR Compact formly good Flato Brahmans.
Prince (409-27959), King Grey, Mainsails, and
Martin, all owned by Durrance Ranch, and to Write US or visit our stock farm just off Highway
Fryatt, owned by L. S. Harris.
JOHNSTON, MRS. PAT, AND SON (See Bar 7 44, near Banquete, Texas, between Robstown
Ranch) and Alice.
JOHNSON, Steven R., Fort Pierce, Fla. ()
JONES, C. L., Everglades, Fla. (*)
KC RANCH, Box 161, Immokalee, Fla., Thelma
0. Cross, owner. Three females of breeding age are included in this herd started in 1947.
Bloodlines include Hattie Cleo, Maroto, Heroie,
Heroto and Hopkins. Sire is Heroto N. 45. FBONE 3-8421 CORPUS CH-I TI TEX.Commercial herd of 30 cows has been main- FLATO BX 1781 PHONE ORPUS CHRiSTITEX1
tained for many years. (*)
KEELS, MELTON S., RFD 2, Box 1702, Sarasota,
Fla. (-)
KEEN, ROY, Lake Wales, Fla. (') W E HAVE Several good registered
KEEN, S. M. (See Sam- Keen's Ranch)
KENMORE RANCH, Vero Beach, Fla., ranch lo- BRAHMAN CATTLE FOR SALE
cated five miles west north of Highway 60, phone 2312, P. leB. Gardner, owner, G. E. Barkoskie, These include young cows in good range condition, and twenty
Fellsmere, manager, Fred Bass, herdsman. Herd calves (bulls and heifers) from three to twelve months old. All aniwas established in 1945 with purchase of Manso mals are of good blood lines, many sired by our famous Jacobs AA
cows from William Boyd of Lake Wales. A num- Bull, Boyman, carrying strong Maroto line breeding.
ber of Tippuroto cows were bought later from Norris Cattle Company of Ocala. Sires used dur. We invite your inquiries and inspection
ing the past year include King Grey, Durrance Ranch sire, and two sons of Emperor. In use next year will be King Grey 5th, recently pur- EM. and Mrs. Geo. F. Epperson, Jr.
chased with Camp Ranch of Ocala. (*) EP C O R SAN ANTONIO, FLORIDA
KENNEDY, T. I., CATTLE COMPANY, Box 338, Punta Gorda, Fla., ranch located eight miles south Address: EPPERSON & COMPANY 130 S. Franklin, Tampa, Fla.
on Tamiami Trail, phone 137-M, T. I. Kennedy, owner. This herd consists of 33 registered females
/or January, 1950 Second Section-31




r Norris Brahmans won all four grand and e
serve championships. Norris was premier ex
hibitor at the last Ocala show. Sires include
Dandelion, sire of three of the four Sumter chain.
pions, and Moneymaker, the 1949 Ocala grand
champion bull. ()
NOTT, PERRY O., Fort Myers, Fla. (*)
OKLAWAHA FARMS (See Norris Cattle Company)
OLLIFF, A. Z., Wauchula, Fla. ()
O'REII.LY. EUGENE E., New Smyrna Beach, Fla.
Herd of 40 females was acquired from J. M.
McLemore of Alexandria, Va., in 1948. Sires are
Richelieu and Lavaco, bought from J. D. Haudgins of Hungerford, Tex. ()
OXLEY FARMS, RFD 1, Box 52, Brooksville, Fla.,
ranch located two miles south on Mitchell Road,
phone 353-W, W. E. Oxley, owner and manager.
20 brood matrons comprise this registered herd
which traces to Lilibeck cattle from Hunger
ford, Tex., acquired from Brown and Mach of
These calves were so tame that the photographer could pose them-and did-at the Webster. Sire is Bombshell (10-33'192), son o
V-W Ranch at Pahokee. Roy Vandegrift is manager of the registered Brahman herd. Cooler and grandson of Ted Manso, bought
from Hermana Beville of Bushnell. Commercial
herd was established in 1942, and a few 1949
featuring the blood of Mlaroto, Hattie Cleo, Charming (639-35671) purchased from Durrance bull calves are now for sale. a
Quinra and Pony Carroll. Sire is Grayman (843- Ranch, and a first prize winner at the 1948
4641), a bull bred by Dr. WV. S. Jacobs. Calves Ocala Brahman Show. (*) PARTIN, HENRY O., AND SONS (See Heart Bar
have been shown at the Southwest Florida Fair Ranch)
in Fort Myers for two years, and blue ribbons MC ARTHUR, A. G., Fernandina, Fla.
have been won both years. (*) MC CANLESS, W. F., Box 127, Salisbury, N. C. (*) PLATT, MINOR, Melbourne, Fla. ()
KERR, R. A., 1'. O. Box 1730, Ocoee, Fla. (') POLK BRAHMAN FARMS, INC., Box 1486, Win.
MC DANIEL, J. W., Felda, Fla. ter Haven, Fla., ranch four miles east of Dun.
LAW BRAHMA RANCH, Room 1, Sherman Ar- i, dee Highway 542, phone 22-720, Lamar Bea
cadeBld., arinutCit, Fl., anc loate at MC KAY, Dlonald S., RFD) 2, Box 47. Arcadia, Fla.,
cadle Bldg., Pana City, Fla., ranch located at ""champ and Ray' Bice, owners, Red Harris. mau*
Wausau 11 miles south of Chipley, phone 1101, ranch located three miles northeast, phone 330-W. amp and he, ownrshed Harrs, mnFleming Law, owner. Established in 1944, this This herd, founded in 1944, consists of 10 reg eager. This erd, established in 1943, costs
herd consists of ten females of breeding age whose istered females of breeding age representing Mar- of 120 registered females of breeding age reprepedigrees reflect Maroto and Manso breeding. oto, Heroto and Manso bloodlines. Sires are renting Manso, Imperator, Tippu and Blutih
Sires are Rogers 22d (595-18416) and Jacob Manso Return 2d, Jr. (361-15691) and DeSoto breeding largely. Sires are Manso Jr. lt,
(55o46 and38acob.Boy (19-48111). Okloo Manso (315/5-36151), Blutin IV (394.
Maroto (1-38873). *27014) and Tippurisimo (100-13242). (*)
LAW, FLEMING (See Law Brahms Ranch) MOORE, C. C., Panama City, Fla. (*) PRICE, J. E. and Alusi (See JB Ranch)
LYNWOOD ACRES, P. O. Box 61, Bronson, Fla., MORGAN, ERROL L. AND RUTH S., 301 N. PROCTOR, P. V., P. Box 322, DeLand, Fla. )
ranch located on county road 71-A, phone 2411, Hillsborough Ave., Arcadia, Fla., ranch located PROCTOR V P 322 eLand Fla
Lyn and louise Williams, owners, Sid Sheffield, four and one-half miles east, phone 312-R. Con- PURCELL'S RANCH, Orlando, Fla., ranch nine manager. Ten females purchased from L. S. sisting of 15 registered females of breeding age, miles east on Curryford road, phone 2-3261, B.
Harris of Kissimmee and Norris Cattle Company this herd was established in 194( with cattle E. Purcell, owner. 14 registered females corn
of Ocala' comprise this herd which is headed by bearing the blood of Aristocrata, Himalaya; Mar- prise this herd, with Manso breeding prepon.
King Manso (53-30857). (*) tin, Rex, Quinca, Tippu, Maroto, Hattie Cleo, derant. Sires are Prince Caloosa 3d (6-21888)
Santinlho, and Manso. Sire is Lupelto (454-4289), Prince Estes 1st (3-30948) and Snow Ball (llLYKES BROTHERS, INC., Tampa, Fla. (*) bred by C. C. Appling of Louise, Tex. 38047). (')
MAC EACHEN, DR. RODERICK (See M Bar M MORGAN RANCH, Fort Ogden, Fhr., phone T- RAINBOW RANCH, Box 607, Palatka, Fla., ranch
Ranch) 5012 Arcadia, R. H. Morgan, owner. Established located 12 miles southeast, phone 87, Hany
in 1940, this herd contains four females of breed- Westbury and Homer Rodeheaver, owners, HarMAClI, BROWN AND (See Brown ard Mach) ing age. Sire is DR Dnnpy 260th, bred by Dur- ry Westbury, manager. This herd, started in
MACH, R. O. (See Brown and Mach) rance Ranch. 1949, consists of 12 registered females of breed.
MORGAN, R. H. (See Morgan Ranch) ing age featuring Maroto and Manso breeding.
MANN, G. W., RANCH, Bartow, Fla., ranch lo- Sire is DR Duke of Windsor 42d (142-21803).
cated near Dundee-Winter Haven road, phone MOPRRIS, C. F., Baxley, Ga. (*) Several three-year.old bulls are for sale.
509, G. W. "Buck" Mann, Jr., manager, or
phone St. Cloud 7142. Established in 1933, MORRIS, Helene M. (See M Bar M Ranch) RANGE CATTLE EXPERIMENT STATION,
this herd consists of 200 registered females of Ona, Fla., ranch located 18 miles southwest of
breeding age, headed by Rexmar (945-7786) MULHOLLAND, RALPH H., Eustis, Fla., ranch Wauchula, 18 miles northwest of Arcadia, Uni
and Rex Silver (228-35000). Rexmar's 270, located five miles north near Umatilhr highway. versity of Florida, owner, Dr. W. G. Kirk, director daughter of Rexnar, was grand champion female This herd consists of six registered females of Originated in 1942, this herd has 28 females o0 at the 1949 Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show. breeding age headed by Mulholland's Sambo breeding age with bloodlines from Manso, Heroic
To see thle top Mann purebreds, turn west at (4-31400), which was bred by John Clardy of and Maroto predominating. Original bulls were
the Dundee traffic light, drive one mile, turn- Ocala. (*) purchased from J. D. Hudgins and Henry 0.
ing south at Matnn sign. Females in the herd Partin anid Sons. 18 of the females are used
were picked Pierce Estate cows of Aristocrata, MURPHY, OAKLEY, Avon Park, Fla. (*) in a crossbreeding project to determine the
Manso, Emperor of India, Vulgar and Martin value of different crosses for Florida ranges
breeding. () NORRIS CATTLE COMPANY, Box 1051, Ocala, Ten heifers- purchased in 1948 and 1949 are
Fla., registered herd located at Anthony Farms being used to establish a purebred herd. Sires MAXCY, L., RANCH, Frostproof, Fla., ranch lo- ten miles north, phone 1551, R. G. "Bob" Herr- are Mogul Manso Jr. 3d (12920), and Emperor
cated 25 miles east in Osceola County, phone mann,, manager. This herd, established in Jr. 40th (30328).
2301. This herd, established in 1943, contains 1941, consists of more than 1000 matrons repre.
100 females of breeding age. Original cows car- senting all the best bloodlines in the United RC BRAHMAN RANCH, Kissimmee Park, Fla.,
tried blood from the Stark Estate herd, Orange, States. including Hudgins, Appling, Pierce Es- Mrs. Hilda Dunham, owner, ranch located seven
Tex. Sires are two Clharbray bulls acquired front tate, Patrtin, Frost, Marceaux, and Burke breed- miles south of St. Cloud. The breeding herd, Fred W. Turner, Weslaco, Tex. Pancho (13471), ing. The company also operates a commercial established in May, 1945, contains 34 females Of
Camnteron (13472), Mencito (13469), Juero (134- herd, using about 200 top bulls in addition to breeding age. Bloodlines include such lines as 76), and Sabas (13497) are used in commercial those in the registered herd, raises Shorthorn Tippu the Great. Sires are Built Right Nomad
herd. and Charolris cattle and Quarter Horses. Under (18305) and Imparistre Jr. 58th (29071). Some
same management arre Ocklawaha Farms, Circle breeding stock is now available. (*)
M BAR M RANCH, RFD 1, Box 890, Sarasota, Fla., Square Ranch, Cross Bar Ranch, Twin County
ranch located five miles south in Bee Ridge sec- Land and Cattle Company, and Seminole Cattle REID, D. D. (See Diamond R Ranch)
tion, phone 32-459, Dr. Roderick MacEachen and Company. Purebred breeding stock is available RODEHEAVER, HOMER (See Rainbow Ranch)
Helene M. Morris, owners, Odell E. Cannon, mar- as well as high grade Brahman bulls and heifers.
ager. This herd, founded in 1948, consists of 40 Winnings at the last Ocala Brahman Show in- SAM KEEN'S RANCH, P. O. Box 282, Lake Wales,
females of breeding age strong in Manso, Hopkins, cluded grand champion bull, Moneymaker, and Fla., ranch located 18 miles east, S. M. Keen,
Tippu and Quinca breeding. Sire is Prince at the last Sumter All-Florida Breeders' Show owner. Herd consists of four brood matrons, and
32--Second Section The Florida Cattlemal




sires in use are Patton (2-23969) and Eugene (9415523). (*)
SARASOTA FFA CHAPTER, Sarasota High School, T e
Sarasota, Fla., phone 32-541, W. J .Crowley, adviser. This herd consists of two registered females of breeding age of Stark Estate, Maroto,
Facieno and Red Raider breeding. Cattle are A A O
bred for the chapter by Milton R. Thomas and PAN AMERICAN ASSOCIATION
Sons of Sarasota to Red Raider and Raider's
Red Jo. One cow, Elsie Dinsmore, has received .
blue ribbon at Florida State Fair FFA show for Invites You To
each of the last three years.
SELBY RANCH, P. O. Box 1505, Sarasota, Fla., RTH AMERICA'S WORLD PREMIERE
ranch located four miles east of Myakka City,
phone 2597, W. G. Selby, owner, Don B. Newburn, manager. Established in 1949 this herd Of
consists of 29 registered females of breeding
age, plus 26 young heifers. Sires are Raider's
Facieno (23-31894) ad Red Sombrero (111i- ANCED TYPE ZEBU CATTLE
35970), both bred by Milton R. Thomas and Sons of Sarasota.
SHANDS, W. A., Gainesville, Fla. () 0 ITION FEB. 17-26,1950
SHELL CREEK RANCH, Miami, Fla., ranch located 12 miles west of Punts Gorda, E. J. Hall, owner, Fred Touchstone, manager. This herd consists of seven females of breeding age and 1 m throughout the Western
was founded in 1946. All females are of Manso m m Cub e etr
breeding. Sires are Tango Manso 7th (311/3- e rs rom ba, Mexico, Central
10511), Willis Hussah 675 (675-31697), Dutch an
Benchy 538 (538-20847) and Prince of Orange 421st (421-21682). See cattle, rich in
SIMMONS, R. J., Box 412, Lake Wales, Fla. (See)Indian Gy raz eb cattle, rich indevelopSIMPSON, HACKNEY, Zephyrhills, Fla. ment as on oA r 's oremo ee b eeds.
SLOAN, DAVE, Mascotte, Fla. (*)a o oe e es
LOAN, DAVE, Mascotte, Fla. () Observe the ef o ou d e tio ap to the 'nth
SMITH, A. A., Vero Beach, Fla. () degree, by progrs shing true
res'e, br e rs,w a esbihngtu
SMITH, CLYDE P (See Bar S Ranch) Indu-Brazil breed ty m n Nor eric n Brahman
SMITH, CLYDE P., Hastings, Fla. C rttle.
SMITH, JAMES ARTHUR (See Standard Cattle Company) See the massive scale, size, ro th a a reedSOUTH MOON RANCH, Lake Wales, Fla., ranch ing qualities of America's mot produce f le.
located at Lorida, phone 22-603, William R. Boyd, owner. Established in 1939, this herd Learn the astounding cross-bree t econsists of 75 females of breeding age, all of Hudgins breeding. Sires are Corocrat Manso bred Zeu bulls, by observing top r
(437/3-12036) and Anherser (356/4-18221). A Zebu, and Zebu bossbred cattle.
few yearling bulls usable during the Spring are Zebu, and Zebu cossbred cattle.
available. (*)
SPRINGFIELD FARM, RFD 4, St. Andrews Parish, The potentialities of a visit to the San Antonio Livesto
Charleston, S. C., ranch located nine miles west The potentialities xpof a isition arhe San Antonio Livestoc
on Highway 61, phone 2-8863, G. Philip Hig- Exposition are limited.
don, owner. Established in 1941, this herd contains 36 females of breeding age, all of Appling For Further Informatin Write
breeding. Sires are Sir Selim II Jr. 202d (20210059) and Hopkins 251. (*)
STALLWORTH, M. C., JR., Vinegar Bend, Ala. (-)
Ala. (*) Pan American Zebu Association
STANDARD CATTLE COMPANY, Box 595, Boni- X A
fay, Fla., ranch located three and one-half miles P. O. BOX 268 COTULLA, TEXAS
South, James Arthur Smith, owner, James A. Clemmons, manager. This herd consists of eight registered females of breeding age headed by the bull Pay Off (179-19130), bred by Dr. W. S. Jacobs.
STOCKBRIDGE AND BLACKWELL (See Clover It' M ter f
Bar) When It's a Matter of
STOCKBRIDGE, W. W. (See Clover Bar) Registered BRAHMANS For Results
STUART, W. H., Bartow, Fla. (*)
SUGARLAND RANCH, Clewiston, Fla., ranch lo- See Our Herd F rst
cated one mile west, phones 1I and 196-W, U. S. Sugar Corp., owner, S. L. Crochet, director, Randall A. Fulford, superintendent. Bloodlines Our Brahmans Feature Manso Breeding
featured in 132 cows of breeding age are Jacobs, Hudgins and Stark Estate breeding. Herd was established in 1945. Sires are Harry's Son W.E. OXLEY
(19230), an AA bull with Dutch, Dan and Maroto breeding, Albacrata, Jr. (27597), a RT. 1, BOX 52
grandson of Aristocratar, tracing back to five rooksville, Florida
different importations from India and Brazil in a four generation pedigree, King Grey 3d (43868), RANCH LOCATED 2 MILES ON MITCHELL ROAD
sired by King Grey and line bred to Imperator RANCH LOCATED 2 MILES ON MITCHELL ROAD
and Maroto. (*)
(Continued on page 36-Second Section)
for January, 1950 Second Section-33




KING GREY GROUP OF COWS
Brahman Hall of Fame
Use of Best Available Animals Points
Way to Improvement at Kenmore Ranch
IT TOOK A HORSEWOMAN to show ihe way cows over a period of two years for Highway 6o. Of the acreage, 6oo is imto what has become one of the finest what Gardner then thought was a "ter- proved-mostly with Common Bermuda, small Brahman herds in Florida. rific" price. Bahia, and Carpet grasses-but work is
That's the way P. leB Gardner ("Pres" So far 12 Kenmore cows have been now beginning with Pensacola Bahia and
to his friends) describes the conversion bred to the sire, and the first calves Pangola grasses. of his Kenmore Ranch herd from one dropped this fall have thoroughly con- Gardner believes that Pangola will of many, reasonably good herds, to a vinced Gardner that his course was wise. prove to be the most desirable grass, alherd which has prospects of being really "I'm now convinced that the 'terrific" though his experience with Common outstanding in the near future, price paid for breeding these cows has Bahia has been quite successful. Most
Gardner's sister-Mrs. Rufus Finch really been cheap," he declares, of the improved land has been farmed
of New York City-is the horsewoman. Kenmore Ranch was originally found- in the past, and Gardner uses a mixed
He was discussing his registered Brahman ed in 1943 as Kenmore Cattle Company, fertilizer, some phosphates and Dolomite (to supply magnesium) on his pastures
Pedigree of King Grey (280-8561) regularly.
"I'm convinced, from our experience,
(Imperator that a mixed fertilizer plus lime, phosSire: King of Kaplan phate and minor elements is essential
I (George II to growing cattle," he says.
[Alabama ............... "[Regina by El Hassen Gardner frankly states that he's not
primarily a cattleman, and that he re(Silver King ........... Maroto lies strongly on advice from his superDant: Lady Gray's Own ILucille intendent, G. E. Barkoskie of Fellsmere,
in pasture and cattle management.
[Lady Graydon Herdsman. is Fred Bass who has been
with Kenmore since its beginning.
herd with her one day, trying to decide in which Gardner owned only an interest. Featured in the Hall of Fame are just what course to follow in developing Through the years he has bought the King Grey and a group of four cows it, when she said: share of the other interested parties, and which Gardner believes are indicative
"I know what I'd do with horses. I'd since 1948 has owned the ranch and cattle of the quality he is retaining in his herd. buy the best mares possible, and breed himself. His breeding goal is a Manso-Imperathem to a top stud-no matter what the "We originally thought in terms of a tor blend which Gardner believes will fee." large ranch devoted to raising commercial combine the two leading bloodlines so
That sounded like good advice to beef," Gardner explains. "My interest far as substance and temperament is colGardner. It was shortly before Dur- in a more intensive operation on a smaller cerned. His females are largely Manso rance Ranch at Brighton had paid $15,000 scale with purebreds was the reason for in breeding. In addition to King Grey for King Grey. And when news of that our changes in policy." (who, of course, is an Imperator bull),
purchase reached Gardner he was able Kenmore Ranch today consists of iooo Gardner is using a son of Emperor:
to reach an agreement with them through acres of good pastureland located five which he purchased at the 1949 Ocala which they would breed 12 Kenmore miles west of Vero Beach near Florida (Continued on page 38,-Second Section)
34--Second Section The Florida Cattlemaol




i !* ., i
-7
'o
King Grey, lef t, and his Ken more cowLs head for the pens together preparatory to being loaded and tr ucked back to Kenmore Ranch. The $15,000 Durrance Ranch bull-of Imperator breeding-h~as been bred to 14 Mansa and Tippuroto cows owned by us during the past 12 months.
Breeding for the Best..
When the best available cows are bred to the best avail- sons ofEmperor. Next year we will be using King Grey 5th, able bull, the results should be spectacular. That is exactly in which we own an interest. the word for the new calves which have been dropped at The blend of Manso cows with Iniperator bulls is comnKenmore Ranch by cows we bred to King Grey, the famous bining two Brahman lines which are noted for their substance
Durrance Ranch bull. and good temperament. Anid this is no longer a theoretical
Our herd of females has been culled and reculled until thing, because we actually have several calves sired by
the 27 females of breeding age we now own can be confi- King Grey.
dently referred to as among the best cows in Florida. Kennmore Ranch never expects to have Florida's largest
Last year we determined to breed a number of those cows herd-but we believe you'll agree that we already have one
to the best bull we could find-and that, we soon decided, of Florida's best herds. Won't you plan now to include a
was King Grey. 12 of our breeding cows have been bred stop at Kenmore Ranch in your schedule the next time
to this bull, and the remainder of our females are bred to you pass through Indian River County?
A Service Age Bull
Our Policy Consigned to Ocala
We p efe to akeBull we are consigning is Sir Hubert
We pefer to sakeArishopnman, calved March 10, 1947 and
friends out of custom- sired by Hopkins 426th. This bull will be
ers-not customers out ready for service this summer. We invite
of friends. you to see him, and bid on him, at the Ocala
Brahman Show and Sale January 17-20.
Complete, correct, papers will be furnished on each sale within 30
days.
It you aren't satisfied, Kenmore R1anch
,tell us; if you are, P. le Bi. "Pres" Gardner, Owner
tell others.
Vero Beach 'Florida
for January, 1950 Second Section-35




Directory
(Continued from page 33-Second Section)
T HART RANCH, RFD 1, Wauchula, Fla., ranch located five miles southwest, phone 5829, T. Hart, owner. Established in 1946, this herd con tains 50 females of breeding age, with Mlanso Maroto and Imperator breeding prominent. Si are Selim Manso 20th (148/3-10348) and Siluri (948/3-15144), both bred by J. D. Hudgins.
TAYLOR, JOHN S., JR., Largo. Fla. ()
THOMAS, BEN (See BR Ranch)
THOMAS, MILTON R., AND SONS (See
Ranch)
TUCKER, RAYMON F. (See Haw Creek)
TURKEY LAKE RANCH, Orlando, Fla. ()
TURNER, JOHN H., Box 165, Arcadia, Fla, ranch located two miles north, phone 245, John H. Turner, owner, Eugene H. Turner, phon 578-W, manager. This herd contains 15 cow of breeding age and was established in 1998 Heroie and Manso breeding is most prominent, Sires are Tarzan (60-32639) and Mr. M. 315h (315/7-36908). A commercial herd numbering Dandelion's King 600 now averages % Brahman blood or more. ('
is our consignment to the OCALA BRAHMAN SALE January 20. U. S. SUGAR CORPORATION (See Sugarland
Ranch)
A 1949 calf, this young bull is sired by Dandelion, sire of many Ranch)
champions, and is out of Vanity 4th. VANDEGRIFT, ROY AND THELMA (See VRanch)
PO LK VAN LANDINGHAM BROTHERS, Belle Glade,
Fla., ranch located six miles east, phone 2813, EPOLK BRAHMAN FARMS M., R. C. and S. G. VanLandingham, owner,
Lamar Beauchamp, Owner E.M. VanLandingham, manager. Established in
Phone 26-933 W INTER HAVEN, FLA. 1945, this herd includes 64 registered females of
breeding age originally selected from Manso and RANCH LOCATED ON DUNDEE OAD FOUR MILES EAST Jacobs breeding, and closely checked for gen
RANCH LOCATED ON DUNDEE ROAD FOUR MILES EAST disposition, body depth, and easy-fleshing abili
Sires are Double April (91-13236) and Cecis Manso 317th (317-16050). (*)
V-W RANCH, Pahokee, Fla., phone 7181, Roy and Thelma Vandegrift, H. T. Williams and Registered and Commercial Our registered Brahmans repre- P. M. Cate, Jr., owners, Roy Vandegrift, man
sent some of America's best ager. This herd contains 74 registered females
BRAHMAN bloodlines. Come by and see of breeding age purchased since 1948 when the
Cattle Bought and Sold our herd-but please don't come herd was begun. Bloodlines most prominent
to buy. We have nothing for are Mano, Tippu, Quinca and Imperator. Sire
sale yet. include Stallworth 30th (30-42860), Sombrerito
(114-39705), Phleugar 80th (663-30301) and
T. I. KENNEDY Eugene O'Reilly Igloo Manso (847/2-6603). (*')
Punta Gorda, Florida Rt. 1, New Smyrna Beach, Fla. WARREN, R. E., Box 804, Jesup, Ga. (*)
Phone County 3713-Ranch at Samsula WC RANCH, P. O. Box 409, Orlando, Fla., ranch located 10 miles southeast on Highway 15, phone 7128, W. C. Champion and Son, owners. Es. tablished in 1945, this herd includes 35 registered IF VF VF VF VF VF VF VF VF VF VF females of breeding age of Durrance, Stark Estate, Hudgins, Mann and Partin breeding, nd OPPORTUNITY KNOCKS representing Manso, Emperor, Heroto, Martin,
Rexmar, Dandelion, Heroie, and Maroto bloodFEB. I 1, 1950 lines. Sires are Sabinal Jr. 17th (374-15704) and
Emperor Jr. 7th (500-21400), both Henry 0. AT THE Partin and Sons' bulls. (*)
JUMBO BRAHMAN AUCTION WEEKS, INMAN W., Pahokee, Fla. ()
WEISS, M. M. (See Diamond W Ranch) When Jumbos are offered you can WESTBURY, HARRY (See Rainbow Ranch)
improve your herd at your own price WESTBURY, HARRY (See Rainbow Ranch)
Choose from the famous MANSO bloodline, WHALEY, CECIL E. (See The Whaley Company)
recognized as the best in the nation WHALEY, CLAY (See The Whaley Company)
write WHALEY, NANCY T. (See The Whaley Com"
Writepally) catalog WHALEY, THE, COMPANY, Box 533, Saint Cloud,
c l Fla., ranch located seven miles south at Kissimmee Park, Nancy T. Whaley and Sons, Office owners, Cecil E. Whaley, manager. Established
Office: VERNON W. FROST, Owner in 1933, this herd consists of 150 registered fe
25th Floor Esperson Bldg. Ranch males of breeding age, with the aged females
carrying Martin breeding. Manso breeding was Houston, Texas Simonton, Texas introduced in 1942. Sires are Rigo Manso (8051
1-3525), Prestado (195/4-18062) and Sad4c IF VF VF VF VF VF VF VF VF VF VF (907/3-15103), all bred by J. D. Hudgins, and
carrying Manso and Imperator breeding. (*)
36-Second Section The Florida Cattlenan




G. W. Mann Ranch
of Bartow presents
2a son of REXMAR
These calves are competing for the last c a ttle
grain of feed in the bottom of the trough. on com m ercia
They are two of this year's calf crop at
the Vose Babcock Ranch in the Devil's
Garden section of Hendry County south- The test of any bull is his ability to produce beef east of LaBelle. when placed with a herd of commercial cattle.
WILBANKS, DEWEY, Box 5117, Tampa, Fla. ( The fine bull pictured above with his herd and WILLIAMS, E. W., Palatka, Fla. (*)
WILLIAMS, H. T. (See V-W Ranch) his owner, A. A. Smith of Vero Beach, was bought WILLIAMS, LYN AND LOUISE (See Lynwood by Mr. Smith as a calf. He was carefully raised so
Acres) that he would be in perfect breeding condition.
WILLIAMSON, FRANK W. AND HELENE, Okeechobee, Fla. () This bull is producing exceptional calves from
WOLFF, J. 0., AND SONS, Okeechobee, Fla.,
ranch located two miles South, J. 0. Wolff, good commercial cows. OWner, J. 0. Wolff, Jr., manager. Established
in 1946, this herd contains 20 females of breeding age of Quinca, Tippu, Manso and Hopkins If you are interested in Rexmar bulls, contact breeding. Sire is Tippu Wolf (261-32623), a
Jacobs bull. The entire 1949 calf crop (three the G. W. Mann Ranch. If you would like to see
this bull, or buy commercial Brahmans, contact
THE FIRST CROSS of Brahman with Hereford produces an. animal which in turn
can transmit its qualities faithfully to its
offspring, according to M. Jay Flipse of
Miami, owner of a registered Brahman A o A. SM ITH
and commercial herd south of LaBelle.
According to Flipse, the first cross of Vero Beach, Florida
Brahnan with Angus will not reproduce
itself.
for January, 1950 Second Section-37




Hall of Fame
(Continued from page 34, Second Section)
Brahman Show for $165o to top the bu sale, and another Emperor bull loaned him by Durrance.
Next year, when Gardner will no longer be using King Grey, most of thie cows will be bred to one of his sons, King Grey 5th, which was purchased by Kenmore and Camp Ranch of Ocala last Spring from Aubrey J. Marceaux former owner of King Grey. Original female stock for the Kenmore herd was purchased from William R, Boyd of Lake Wales and included 10 Manso breeding cows. Later some stock was bought from Norris Cattle Company of Ocala, mostly daughters of Tippuroto, and Gardner has found that King Grey also "nicks" well with this line. This is Everglades Belle (121-56712). Because of an unfortunate shadow Gardner has a feeling that he can
the picture doesn't do justice to the well-rounded, deep-fleshed hindquarters contribute very greatly to Brahman de of this animal. Her wide deep body, her well-formed back and good under- velopment through his breeding pro.
line and her typical Zebu characteristics are in evidence. She carries gram. His aim is, he says, "to produce
flesh easily and produces calves regularly. This is the kind of cow we like. a very select, high type of registered Brahman cattle."
"I think that it is fundamental econ. Van Landingham Brothers omics to use Brahmans," he declares.
"Not only are Brahmans valuable because of hybridization, but also because Box 266 Phone 2813 BELLE GLADE, FLA. they are rugged and disease resistant
The sooner that breeders of English-type cattle begin using Brahman bulls, the faster they will improve American beef,"
Brevard Pushes Pasture improvement With SCS
PASTURE IMPROVEMENT in Brevard County is being pushed through Soil Conservation Service conservationists, it's reported, with work in progress on ranches of 0. L. Burton, Eau Gallie, and Cecil Platt of Melbourne. Burton plans to improve i5o acres four miles west of Eau Gallie for beef cattle, while Platt has used a "bushwhacker" to clear 4o acres of scrub palmetto land which is being planted this summer.
Fuller Writes of Change In Okeechohee City OKEECHOBEE CITY has changed from a boom town to a prosperous cattle town in the past 25 years, according to Walter P. Fuller writing in the Gulf Beach NeWs Pictured above is Don Pasquale, the number one calf to drop in our herd. A son of Pass-a-Grille.
of Prince Charming (first place junior bull at Ocala in 1949), and out of DR He recalled his first visit to Okee Compact Babe 654th, he will be shown at Ocala. During 195o we will have a limited number of bulls and heifers for sale at the farm. chobee in 1923, when it was booming, a
subsequent visit in 1933 when he had M B Min R~ANCH~ difficulty getting a $2o bill changed, and
M1 BAI MI RANCH a visit this year when fenced pastures
take up the old subdivisions and Okee Route 1 Box 890 Telephone 32459 chobee is center for some of Florida's
Ranch located in Bee Ridge section, 5 miles southeast of SARASOTA most prosperous cattle ranches.
OCALA BRAHMAN SALE is January 2o.
38-Second Section The Florida Cattlemanl




U. F. GRAD
Is Babcock
Herdsman
Anderson in charge
of 25,000 acre
Hendry County ranch
ONE OF FLORIDA'S oldest registered Brahman herds (the owner advertises that he is member number 20 of the American Brahman Breeders' Association) has a new college-trained herdsman.
Charles L. Anderson of Largo, who graduated last Spring from the University of Florida, worked for several months at the Range Cattle Experiment Station at Ona, has accepted the position from Vose Babcock and is in charge of the 25,o00 acre ranch in Hendry County's 2500 arercn ar e ny CMISS BESS JACOB, pictured above, will be one of the best cows Devil's Garden area. offered at Ocala January 20. She was bred at Barthle's U Ranch
The Babcock herd consists of 7o regis- and calved on April 6, 1947. Sired by Boy Blue, she is out of
tered females of breeding age, with most an outstanding cow, Ray Bess II.
of the bull production put in service on Babcock's own commercial cattle. BABY EMPEROR 2D was calved December 12, 1948. He is a
Anderson will start a small show herd steel-colored bull of good quality, well developed and easy to
handle. He also is a product of our own breeding, being sired and it is planned to show at the South- by Emperor Jr. 36th and out of Red Queen II.
west Florida Fair in Fort Myers this year before invading the major shows in Don't Miss This Outstanding Offering!
1950-51.
Top sire for the herd will soon be the first imported Bpazilian bull to be brought to Florida-a bull named Carioca, imported in 1946 and registered both with the ABBA and the Pan U RANCH
American Zebu Association. The Babcock Ranch is located 21
miles south of highway 8o which runs from Fort Myers to West Palm Beach. J. A. Barthle & Sons
It is 45 miles from LaBelle (where the ranch gets its mail), 3'3 from Clewiston SAN ANTONIO, FLORIDA
and 29 from Moore Haven.
Solutions Seen in Tax Disputes in Florida
DIFFERENCES between county commissions and tax assessors, in exactly opposite For Sale-Registered Brahman bull
situations, have delayed tax bills in Hardee and Osceola Counties. and heifer calves out of top cows and
In Osceola county commissioners re- by top bulls.
duced valuation on pasture land set by the tax assessor in, their capacity as an equalization board. A court test upheld the commission. B ra
In Hardee the commission raised valuation on cows set by the assessor. Nego- T. Noble Brown, Manager
tiations between the commission and the tax assessor have reduced the differences Phone 2140 WEBSTER9 FLA.
to a dozen instances which are expected to be worked out.
/Or January, 1950 Second Section-39




33 FEMALES,
Bull Bought
By Palmers
Norris, Durrance sell
to new breeders; $5000
bull calf included
PURCHASE OF TWO BULLS and thirty-three
females from Durrance Ranch, Brighton,
and Norris Cattle Company, Ocala, is
announced at Sarasota as plans are re- This son of King Grey-Durrance Ranch's Centurion Imperator-is said to have sold vealed for establishment of a top Brah- at $35oo to the Reynolds Metal company for use in a Brahman breeding establishment man breeding herd under the banner of being set up at Kingston, Yamaica, B.W.I. The bull-with five other calves-was Mr. and Mrs. Honore Palmer. flown to Yamaica under the personal supervision of Milton R. Thomas, Sarasota, and
Purchase of the animals was conf irmed Harry Gayden, secretary of the ABBA, met the plane as it landed. In making his by Charles Dempsey, treasurer of the Pal- selections of Florida Brahmans, Keith Cox, resident manager for Reynolds in Yamaica.
explained that his firm was seeking to improve the animal husabndry in the Britisli mer Florida Corporation, who told THE West Indies. Cox inspected herds in Texas and Florida before making his selection, CATTLEMAN the two bulls include a son (Florida Cattleman photo) of King Grey and a son of Dandelion,
respective herdsires of Durrance and atee and Hillsborough counties, this will Reyn olds M e[ta[il
Norris. be their first entry into the livestock busiAlthough no figures were made public ness. Honore is a brother of Potter Starts Brah mnan
on the transaction it is understood the Palmer. Durrance bull, DR Imperator Martin, Dempsey predicted the purebred herd Ierd in Jam aica
was sold at $5,ooo-regarded as setting a might eventually number 500 head, and S record for an eight-months bull-and 20 that eventually the Palmer cattle opera- o.T.HE oa a properies ohed heifers, some of them bred by Durrance's tion would embrace commercial beef on the Jamaica properties of e
King Grey, were sold at $iooo apiece. production. Reynolds Metals interests is signalized
According to T. J. Durrance, Jr., half The Durrance bull is to be exhibited the shipment of six calves selected from of the Durrance females are yet to be in, the 195o winter shows under the Pal- Florida Brahman herds, it as announced selected from the 195o calf crop of which mer name, but the Norris cattle will not by Milton R. Thomas, Sarasota breeder four are to be daughters of King Grey formally become Palmer property until i The cattle, which were shipped by air and six by Imperator and Manso bulls. after the Ocala and Tampa shows. in mid-December, constitute a repeat
The others are 1948 heifers, all to be In the Norris lot was Benito, 16-month- order and selection was made by Keith bred to top Imperator bulls this spring, old Dandelion yearling who was reserve Cox, resident t manager for Reynolds, wh
Transfer of the cattle to the Palmer champion of the Sumter Breeders' Show visited Florida and Texas herds several properties will not take place until "well at Webster in November. The females weeks ago. after the first of the year," according to included one two-year-old and a yearling, Thomas accompanied the cattle on Dempsey, but some 2ooo acres will be who are in the Norris show herd, and the flight and was met at Kingston,
initially devoted to the purebred opera- eleven others of various ages. Ja, bereary oan h
tion. Although the Palmers-dating back The Durrance bull was shown at the Texas, secretary of the American Bra
to the original purchases of Potter Palmer December Tri-County Livestock Show man Breeders' Association. in 191i-have been interested in real es- in Wauchula and reportedly placed as tate and farming lands in Sarasota, Man- grand champion. of the BR Ranch "Seven Sisters" by Red
Raider, herd sire of the Thomas herd,
Sarasota's Future Farmer chapter is believed to be the only one in Florida with its and one bull calf by King Grey, seniol own herd of Brahman cows. Here FFA-Member Ben Thomas, son of Brahman breeder sire of the Durrance Ranch herd at Milton R. Thomas of Sarasota, poses with the two fine animals and their calves. Brighton. Although figures were no0
officially released on the sale, it is under.
stood the bull sold at $35oo, a figure
regarded as setting a new record for 8
months-old calves of the Brahman breed.
PRIZES WILL BE awarded for top sale
animals each week at the Hardee County
Livestock Market at Wauchula, accord
ing to Russell Farmer, manager.
Facilities at the market are now avail
able to handle 1500 cattle, and the At"
4lantic Coast Line is moving pens from Zolfo which will accommodate an addi,
tional 1000, Farmer reports.
40- The Florida Ca-ttle-aIn




What Is Genetics?
(Continued from page 26, Second Section)
variety is evolved. Under natural conditions the new variety, or mutant type, may be so well-adapted to local conditions that its offspring survive longer and out-number those of the older varieties. When the mating of the animals is under the control of man he speedily appreciates the greater usefulness of the new variety and forces the rate of its multiplication.
In the foregoing situation, variation is by chance but it may be brought about by what is known as crossbreeding. Here, in the beginning, are two organisms each of which has units of inheritance received from its parents, as they in turn received them from their ancestors. The range of variation is therefore restricted within either variety. If now these more or less unlike varieties are crossed, so that the germinal cell of each meets and fuses with that of the other, the newly fertilized cell will contain units of inheritance from both varieties. This may give rise to a more or less completely new range of variation within which natural conditions, or man, makes selection. Subsequently the selected types are multiplied. It is emphasized that the W e're Going to M market .
variates or animals which are different, are the direct result of the re-combina- Brahmans from the Crescent F Ranch-like cattlemen and
tion of the units of inheritance and that buyers from throughout peninsular Florida-appreciate the
chance alone controls the recombinations. facilities of the Hardee County Livestock Market . so
Selection is practiced after the variate much so that they scramble up the stairs just to see what's
is formed and it multiplies or is multi- going on. If you haven't visited this market under the
plied because it is an advantageous type. new management, plan to be there any Thursday. RegisMajor environmental effects serve to tered Brahman cattle on display at all times.
introduce the conception of what an animal looks like and of how it will breed. (The academic'words used are HARDEE COUNTY LIVESTOCK
phenotype and genotype). Mendel's work and the possibility of mixed assortments M ARKET
of units of inheritance were responsible for these most important conceptions. The appearance of an animal is the CRESCENT F RA NCH
result of its heredity potential and the conditions of feed and management RUSSELL FARMER WAUCHULA, FLA.
under which it was grown. The breeding value of the same animal resides in the nature of whatever samples of units of inheritance may have been in its germinal cells. Furthermore, the only way to determine their nature is to draw samples and to allow them to develop as progeny.
These several theses can now be carried forward, as it were, and related in their application to animal breeding. The first and possibly the most important is the establishment of an Optimal association between animals and their environments. The heredity of the FEEDS DISEASES . TRAINING POULTRY . DAIRY BEEF . BREEDING MECHANICS
animals provides certain potentials which SHOWING..PARASITES.. JUDGING.. BUTCHERING..BRONC BUSTING.. MANAGEMENT.. HORSES
may include tolerance of high at- Send Today For fO Y PUBLII ATION Satislaction
mospheric temperatures or an ability to Descriptive COD PUBLICATSInc. Guaranteed or
do well on low levels of nutriment. Leaflet BOX 891, KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA Money Refunded
for January, 1950 Second Section-41




They may also include intractability and the deposition of fat in carcases eithi Here's what as selvidge or marbled throughout i,
We're muscle. The first two have reference
Working to the primary or natural environment
Some animals, notably Zebus among Toward cattle, are tolerant of high atmospheiic
temperatures whilst others are more tolerant of those which are low. The owe these characteristics to their sUr. viva], or that of their ancestors, in eithdir condition during the millions of yea Miss when natural selection was eliminating
animals which did not have the appr0. Manatee priate tolerance.
Emperor Intractability is a characteristic of thde
8th Isecondary or economic environment as, to some extent, is the location of fatty deposits. Under extensive conditions of Shown above is Tommy Chaires and his Webster champion junior heifer, Miss management where Zebus or their c osso Manatee Emperor 8th, an example of what we're working toward in our breeding ......
program. By Emperor Jr. 8th, and out of Miss David's Blue Bell, this fine calf is are allowed to graze at will over large going to stay in the herd. But we do have for sale at the farm, one bull calf by areas of country and seldom molested, King Gradan. they frequently become too intractable.
However, some strains are less so th!ai others and training can play a large part in maintaining control of the animals. The location of fatty deposits is also an interesting characteristic. In the T. P. CHAIRES, JR., Owner animal economy deposition of fat is the
storage of energy sources which can be drawn upon in. times of poor food Telephones 28-191 and 25-343 BRADENTON, FLA. supply. The fatty humps of Zebus and
of camels and the fat tails and rumps of certain kinds of sheep are thus adaptations to steppe conditions whee seasons of grass growth are periodic and Registered Brahmans Home of the $10,000 Brahman bull reserves of energy must be accumulated
DIAM OND W E PEROR JR. 4th against the ensuing conditions of little
available nutriment. In these respects R A N C H IJI FARMS an ability t6 store fat and so energy is
5 Miles West of Davie-15 Miles West of an adaptation to drought'conditions
Ft. Lauderdale. Just off State Highway 7 Phone 305 BARTOW, FLA. But the requirements of modern cooking
"MIKE" WEISS, Owner C. ACHEMIRE, Mgr. Ranch located two miles north on old and consumption of meat demand that
Phone Ft. Lauderdale 2-3467 Winter Haven road fat should be deposited within and between the muscle bundles. Large, local accumulations of fat, and a high proportion of lean meat within the muscle structure are viewed with disfavour by Pioneers In Bringing the meat industry.
Here then are the two characteristics, Top-Quality Brahman Bulls a fear complex and accumulation of fat,
which although optimal for survival under natural conditions are disadTo Florida vantageous for the secondary or economic
environment. It is of more than passing interest, therefore, to observe that both Service-Age Bulls, by Carload or Individuals characteristics can be modified by constructive breeding. They, among a host Contact of others, are independently, inherited
characters for which the units of inheritance can be re-arranged and forced to combine with new and different units of inheritance introduced by crossWilbanks Brothersbreig
The second important implication of TAMPA, FLORIDA particulate inheritance is the possibility
of isolating a characteristic which may be considered without regard to the animal as a whole. Colour presents an
42-Second Section The Florida Cattleinas




excellent example. Current advertise- .
ments state, buy red Zebus because they .. .
are better milkers and more tractable than others. This is not necessarily so. Given appropriate units of inheritance for red coloration in their heredity, redcoated animals can be propagated indefinitely without regard to their tractability, their milking capacity or other daracteristics. Furthermore, such units of inheritance may have been, imparted to any "pure-bred" Zebu which was graded up from one or other of the European breed with the possible exception of Aberdeen Angus. It is true that red is one of the colours commonly found among Gir cattle. It may also be that Girs are better milkers and more tractable than Guzerats or Nellores. But O ur
red coat colour is not restricted to Gir cattle. Coat colours, including red, milk- H erd yield, percentage of butter fat, tractability and a host of others are more or less independently inherited characters and selection for any does not necessarily involve selection for all. As you may know, we have been active for two years in purReference was made to progeny testing chase of top Brahman cattle both at public auction and by
and to its association with two conceptions, one of the appearance or behaviour private treaty. These cattle are thriving on our muckland
of the animal and the other of its pastures which provide year-round grazing which we believe
breeding or genetic constitution. Selection can be applied to either of these. is unexcelled anywhere in the World! Marred, pictured above,
Thus animals may be selected as breed- is a good example of the type of cattle which comprise our
ers on their colour, their conformation herd. Come to see us when you're in the Glades.
or on their performance. The last may be on the race track, as milkers or as carcases of beef in which case the appraisal is made on the out-turn of closely related animals. On the other hand worthwhile animals selected as stated may be mated with possibly to or 2o females and final judgement as to the relative merits of the sires may be de- -W A
ferred until their progeny are observed. W C U
The first is phenotypic selection whilst the second is genotypic. Roy Vandegrift, Manager
The difference between these two is most important for the understanding Office Phone 7181
of the technique of mass selection and Home Phone 7250 PAHOKEE, FLA.
of the phenomenon of nicking. The phenotype, i.e. the appearance or performance of an animal, is the product of its heredity and of its environment which may include special feeding or training the results of which can be passed to progeny. The genotype of an a5 will be sold at the
animal is the nature of the units of inheritance it carries and repeatedly samples when germinal cells are formed. OCALA BRAHMAN SALE
The simplest instance of parent/progeny differences resulting from differences in This animal is typical of those produced by
the phenotype and genotype is black G. Higd
Aberdeen, Angus cattle leaving red calves. Philip
Here the parents looked black but had a AT
genetic composition capable of giving 'red offspring. I
Mass selection is common in big herds SPRINGFIELD FARMt
where males and females are selected as Route 4, Charleston, S. C.
to type and then thrown together for
1or January, 1950 Second Section--43




- This is so general that it would be reas
onably true to state you cannot have a
prepotent sire which is not to some ex
tent inbred but you cannot develop a
prepotent sire by inbreeding only. pre.
potency must also be referred to the
r .genetic constitution of the animal; this
is such that repeated samples, as germ
cells, arc similar. Alternatively, the similarity may be with respect to particular
units of inheritance so that a bull is
prepotent with respect to this or that
characteristic controlled by the units of
inheritance he supplies.
Having reviewed these principles it is
now appropriate to consider whether any
breeding system or plan of procedure is
more or less likely to be successful. The
first question here is, successful in what
respect? The answer will state an objective which is the first requirement for
any breeding plan. It may be to establish a group of animals with characteristics not found in any other. This
is going back to the beginning of things.
It states a problem which, as an example, may be in tropical areas to which
specialized European breeds are not well.
adapted and in which indigenous breeds
are not sufficiently productive. Alternatively, there may be a reasonable expectation of achieving the objective by using
cattle from a breed which is already
established in. the environment of the
Brahman cattle are often credited by their owners with extraordinary intelligence, breeder and known to be well-adapted
Brahman cows owned by D. D. Reid of Diamond R Ranch at Hastings are no excep- to it.
tion, as they come a-running at the owner's call. If the first of these problems is to be
attacked then the earliest procedure must
breeding purposes. It is also ,practised Generally line-breeding is less intense have for its objective the building up when a good cow is mated with a good and is directed to the use of a particular of an aggregate of units of inheritance.
bull without any knowledge of the pedi- animal as the recurrent parent. The At this stage the breeder's herd might
gree or earlier offspring of either. Gen- idea behind either is concentration upon be likened to a heap of assorted lumber. erally it produces fairly speedy results in something which is generally referred to Each piece of timber, i.e. each animal the early stages of its application but as "blood" or a "blood line". Inbreed- and its groups of character-controlling
thereafter the herd tends to remain on ing produces its effects by building up genes, is as good as can be secured but
about the same level. Despite this, from repeated samples the worthwhile the heap is not yet a building. From
selection on appearance has its appro- genetic constitution of the favoured this material the breeder proceeds to
priate place in animal breeding. animal. Generally, however, it gives rise evolve his herd as the carpenter erects a
When a bull leaves better progeny to loss of vigour, size and fertility. It building. He eventually finds an animal
from particular cows or from cows having is in some respects like hard liquor. 'A which fulfills all his requirements and certain lines of blood he is said to "nick" little is good but an overdose is poison. he wishes to make it his corner stone, with them. This may happen even However, that depends largely on the Then he faces his greatest difficulty in
when the cows do not appear to be as quality of the liquor and again there is the relatively short remaining life of the
good as others which leave inferior similarity because the genetic constitu- animal after it has been thoroughly exprogeny by him. There are literally tion of some animals is so good that amined of itself and with respect to its
thousands of units of inheritance in- inbreeding with or to them gives progeny. In practice so short a tine
volved and many possible combinations, rise to no ill effects. The simile can be will remain for females that males be
Pedigree appraisal is a form of genetic carried still further. You cannot tell come the focal point.
selection. It estimates the genetic con- the quality of liquor until you have used Having secured a bull which satisfies
stitution of an animal from knowledge it nor can you determine the breeding the conditions the breeder must decide
with respect to the breeding-worth 'of worth of a bull until he has left how to use him to the greatest advantage.
close ancestors. progeny. Nevertheless, if there is a well- Most commonly this is done by using
Inbreeding is the mating of animals known maker's name on the bottle you him extensively and by mating him with
more closely related than the average of can take a chance on the quality just his close relatives or with his o
the breed and it cannot be deliberately as you can on an animal by appraisal progeny. Genetically, the first causes the
practised unless pedigrees or the breed- of its pedigree. bull to leave the greatest possible numb
ing of the animals are known. The A prepotent sire is usually one in of samples of his heredity but ea
terms line-breeding and inbreeding have which there has been some concentra- sample is adulterated by that of ti
reference to degrees and to direction. tion of blood by more or less inbreeding. bull's mate. The second procedure at
44-Second Section The Florida Cattleman




CATTLE L
JCOMPANY4Erir
RED DICK'S JOANNE
Reg. No. 62679. Sire: Butler's Red Dick. Dam: Miss Manso Return 2nd. Pasture exposed to one of our best red herd sires.
IN THE
*-- -SOUTHEASTERN
DANDELION'S DEUCE S U H A T
Reg. No. 40861. Sire: Dandelion. BR AARED DICK'S McARTHUR
Dam: Miss Martin 66th. Half brother B A M
grand champion bull 1948, Grand Reg. No. 4o0915. Sire: Butler's Red
Champion Bull at Webster 1948, A E Dick. Dam: Raider's Scarlet.
Reserve Grand Champion 1948, 1949, LE
member of winning get of sire 19481949.
OCALA, FLORIDA
January
17-20 0 1950
- B. D.'S QUEEN A.
RED DICK'S ARABELLA Reg. No. 62719. Sire: Grand Champ Blue Director. Dam: Grand Champ Queen A. Manso
2oth. This cow is the daughter of one of our grand champion bulls bred to one of our grand Reg. No. 62685. Sire: Butler's Red champion cows. The most famous blood lines are combined in this superb animal. She has Dick. Dam: Miss Monarca 8oth. everything a quality cow can have...plus pasture exposure to our grand champion bull
Pasture exposed to one of our best Moneymaker. This is the very first time we are offering an animal of such potential for sale red herd sires. ... only because the Sifting Committee talked us into it.
O BNORRIS
CATTLE COMPANY
, R. G. "BOB" HERRMANN, Gen'I Mgr.
Our Brand Box 1051, Phone 1551 CableAddress 'Norca" OCALA, FLORIDA
S,.0
* ---'-- -- -.po owA
-.aA E DEVOTED -TO-B AHMAN CATT L Efor January, 1950 Second Section-45




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iif9 V1~%'k0!0 V 00 SVecia LraIhman 3Jtue

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V1 Famous CASE "LA" TRACTOR and Brushland Harrow CUT DOWN COST PER ACRE Until you see it with your own eyes you can hardly believe how the Case Brushland Harrow conquers coarse native vegetation, works it into the soil and fits the land for seeding to beefbuilding tame grasses. You must actually see this brute of a harrow to know the bite of its big heat-treated blades, the strength of its husky frame. When you see it teamed with the mighty Model "LA" Case tractor, you'll marvel how one man can work so much land in a day, work it so well, at such little cost per acre. Let your Case dealer show you, now. SEE FOR YOURSELF Batey Equipment Co., Gainesville Beasley Tractor Co., Palatka Coastal Truck & Equip. Co., Belle Glade Coastal Truck & Equip. Co., West Palm Beach Cosey Motor Co., Wauchula Epperson & Co., Tampa Farm Machinery & Sales Co., Pompano Florida Tractor & Supply Co., Hollywood J. W. Gibson, Madison Grantham Chevrolet Co., Live Oak Indian River Tractor Service, Cocoa GET A DEMONSTRATION S. A. Jepson Tractor Service, Fort Myers Medlock Tractor Co., Orlando Ed Madill, Dade City Plemmons Bros. Mach. Co., Quincy Pounds Motor Co., Winter Garden Pounds Tractor Co., Winter Haven Pounds-Zeiss Tractor Co., Sebring Reeves Tractor Co., Tallahassee A. G. Smsith, Palmetto Taylor Munnell Mach. Works, Fort Pierce Wade-Persons, Lake City West Florida Equip. Co., Marianna The Florida CattleanO PA waste 2 1

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Editor's Desk Kowbelles Want Kowbelles Column Continued; It Is! LaBelle Dear Editor: I note that in Deemtber issue you ask tehether "Kowbelles" would like to have "Kowbelles" (olumn ill magazine resumed. I should like to have this continuedI cut this out for my recipe book. Mv Mother used to make "gut stew" whicih was givet ilt one olurn u. YOU tMa be sUre that I saved that recipe aidl Was pleased to finid it ill the coluii. Madge Hampton The iite('st of Mrs. Iam/)tono and other 'rades inl continuing the olumni "For the Iowbell(s" Illby Ethel hlals stan il has resulted ill )es p1)tion of this featmr, this mo h. 1oaill find it o0 pan'g lo. hap o/ Florida Liked And Criticized by Readers Dear Air. Cody: We have received the current issie of THE FotRI'A CAm]LVstAN attd Livestock Journal which (onitai Is the Map of Florid, atid it is a very splendid display. .. NV. A. 'Aa"" ng secretary Bradenton Chamber of Commerce \rcadia Gentlemen: I state Iighway 7o Iromi Sarasota through Arcadia and okeehobee to Fort Pier e could be added to th is mtap, I thitk it would le helpful to visitors. I his is tile most direct cross-statc road in southern. F lorida and it runs ttroigh C_ Twenty acres of grass a day cali be Wanted wit M e aloparants pictured above as it aP)ears (iat the 1. F. wIilliamis /anch/ niear Davenpot. Ne1cgres, lef 1, droll grss inl front of /traor wh ic/i is puil/lil g a Ki/lifer dism, whilh (7n cover an7 j foot swath of planted grass at ooe little. Pic te .5was takell ill Ailgust Whfel II illia is, right, planted a heage tract to Pang(ola. it Pays to Use for PASTURES V-C Pasture Fertilizer produces extra yields of low-cost, high-quality green feed which animals can harvest. V-C helps grasses and legumes to make quick, vigorous growth, rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and other nutrients. Grazing this high-quality, appetizing green forage, dairy cows increase milk production and meat animals rapidly put on valuable weight. Pastures, fertilized with V-C, yield more and better grazing and also furnish many extra grazing days. Consult a trained V-C Field Representative, to obtain information on the best methods and fertilizers to use for pasture improvement on your farm. The V-C Factories, at Nichols and Jacksonville, formulate pasture fertilizers suited to all Florida soil types as well as to the various pasture grasses. V-C Superphosphate or V-C Complete Fertilizers are obtainable, either with or without secondary plant foods such as Cobalt, Magnesium, Bluestone, Manganese, Borax, and others as needed. Phone or write the address below today! VIRGINIA-CAROLINA CHEMICAL CORPORATION P. 0. BOX 2311 T ORLANDO, FLORIDA far January, 1950 Uradelitonl. 3

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00000 SECURITY offers complete beef prodiction program You know a successful beef pro00 0 0 VOL. XIV, NO. 4 ALDUS M. CODY Publisher The Florida and Livestock Journal January, 1950 ROBERT S. CODY Editor 4 The Florida Cattleman duction program has many phases. Your problems are \i ~ many. We at Security offer you all our experience and resources to help you solve your problems. We want to help you make more money. Continuous improvement of your range grass through soil analysis, proper fertilization and seeding is part of the Security pasture improvement program. To help make up for the mineral deficiencies in coastal grasses, we provide cattlemen with Security Range Mineral and Security Range Nuggets. These beef building supplements help prevent winter weight loss ...provide the nutritive elements necessary to help you get steady growth and a good crop of strong calves. Write us today for the complete story of Security's complete beef production story. SECURITY SECURITY FEEDS RANGE 0 HELP NUGGETS PRODUCE MORE BEEF PRODUCTION-Jackson Shaw. CIRCULATION-MrS. Jeannette Overstreet Cody. ADvERTISING-Robert E. Hurt. EDITORIAL ASSISTANTS-John T. Jenkins, Hazel Dawn Martin. BUSINESS OFFICE-Mrs. Dorothy G. Cody. Contents for January, 1950 EDITOR'S DESK .3 Jun-ior Shows Attract Many Entries at Bartow and Plant City .12 Sales of Breeding Stock Variously Interpreted, by George E. Allen .14B Not Too Late to Register for American National, Chairman Says. IS Polk Cattlemen Elect Whidden President.20 Connell Wins Championships at Citrus County Fair ..21 Ag Building Next, Miller Says at Range Station Field Day.22 Contents for Special Brahman Section., Second Section Economist Says Livestock Outlook Good for 1950, by F. TV. Parvin .23 Swine Sales Scheduled Soon at Valdosta, Lake City .25 Rodeo Set in Orlando During February.26 Qualities of Pangola Reviewed, by E. M. I-odges -30 Hereford Show and Sale Will Be Held During February .32 Shorthorns Average S329 at Moultrie .35 Fort Hamer Buys New Herd Sire from Hair Farms. 36 Fourteen Year Index of The Florida Cattleman.37 Annual Jersey Sale Is Held in Orlando.47 FOR TnlE KowBEiuLLs: 'Macaroni Is Richardson Favorite, by Elhe! Hales Stancil .48 EDITORIALLY: This Might Be a Good Time to Make Hay! -50 Calendar of Livestock Events Jan. 4-7-American National Livestock Association Convention.Miami Jan. 1 6-20-Ocala Bralhman Sho nd51( Sale. Ocala Jan. 21-P1olk Brahman Farms Second Annual Sale .Winter Ha-veS Jan. 2--Southeastern Duroc Sale of Bred Gilts._.Valdosta Jan. 30-Feb. 1-West Florida Fat Cattle Show and Sale.Quincy Jan. 31-Feb. lI-Florida State Fair.Tampa Feb. 1-13-Houston Fat Stock Show and Livestock Exposition.Houston, Tes. Feb. 4-First Annual Durrance Ranch Everglades Bull Sale. .Belle Glade Feb. 16-Adams Company Sale of 50 Registered H iampshires.Lake City Feb. 16-17, 1950-Fourth Annual Florida Hereford Show and Sale.Ocala Feb. 21-24-Central Florida Exposition Rodte.Orlando Feb. 25, 1950-Modena Aberdeen-Angus Auction.Savannah, Ga. Feb. 28-March 3-Southeastern Fat Stock Show and Sale.Ocala March 2-Brahman Auction, Hardee County Livestock Market.Wauchula April 6-Brahman Auction, Hardee County Livestock Market.Wauchula MaTch 17-Norris Cattle Company First AnnualSale .Ocala The Cover Registered Brahmans, as well as other cattle, like citrus. So it was no surprise to Governor Fuller Warren at the Forda Citrus Exposition last February to be asked to pose feeding a grapefruit to one of Polk 'rahman Faris' animals. Lamar Beauchamp, Polk co-owner, watches. O F F I C I A L P U B L I C A T IO N Florida State Cattlemen's Association, Irlo Bronson, President, Kissimmee Southeastern Brahman Breeders' Association, L. S. Harris, President, Bartow Florida Hereford Association, Inc., T. Noble Brown, President, Webster Florida Aberdeen-Angus Association, Lawson P. Kiser, President, Valrico Florida Palomino Exhibitors' Association, Harold Schatz, President, Lakeland Florida Quarter Horse Association, T. J. Durrance, Jr., President, Brighton Florida Quarter Running Horse Association, Joe Priest, President, Tavares Florida Shorthorn Breedcrs' Association, Dr. D. W. Griffin, President, Chipley Florida State Duroc Breeders' Association, Harry J. Boyles. President. Live Oak Published monthly by Cody Publications, Inc., at 10 Verona Street, Kissimmee, Florida. Subscription Price $2.00 per year in advance. Entered as second class matter March 15, 1947 at the postoffice at Kissimmee under the Act of March 3, 1879. Aldus M. Cody, President, Robert S. Cody, Vice President, Dorothy G. Cody, Secretary-Treasurer. Cody Publications, Inc., operates The Cattleman Press, and the Florida Livestock News Service. Advertising rates covered in Rate Card No. l5a, based on open rate of $120 per page per month, with certain discounts for consistency. Advertising offered in combination, with discount in Florida Farm Bureau Bulletin and/or Southern Livestock Journal. Rate card mailed on request. Closing date 10th of preceding month; in circulation 20th of preceding month. NATIONAL EDITORIAL FLOR I Member Florida Press Association, National Editorial Association, Florida Master A S 0 0A T I N A S S 0 N Printers & Associates, Printing Industry of America, Graphic Arts Association of Central Florida.

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FtEC10NA .0*1 .0mCteek 9gkgws' Even the 41 H OWMO COU"U 0 oky NOIA,4 Nov. 12, 1949 Mr. Evarts Speed, Jr. Brown-Forman Dist. Corp. p. 0. 'oy 1080 was pleased Louisville 1, Ky. Louisvill 1. KYd Show after show, D -ton of superSUPERSOL-fed aniplease send us 2r sol as soon as possible and I find mals are catching the that our calves go off feed when eye of the judges. Mr. they are out of it. Woody's experience is We had a very nice bull show no exception. The a e at Laayette Monday. I and Sae uior champion, and the owner of the Clear judge remarked about his high Creek Farms at Greencondition and how well he was fitted. I told him that was what town, Indiana, has SuperSol did for him. won wide recognition sincerely yours' for his fine Shorthorns, and when he says Harold N. Woody SUPERSOL makes champions, you can believe it. Our FREE BOOKLET will tell you what SUPERSOL will do for your livestock -at a cost of only 21c per head per day! (Available in pellet or granular form.) PROVIDES VITAMIN A VITAMIN D B-GROUP VITAMINS RIBOFLAVIN, THIAMIN NIACIN. CHOLINE, PYRI. DOXINE, PANTOTHENIC ACID. p-AMINOBENZOIC ACID BIOTIN, FOLIC ACID FATS and PROTEINS CALCIUM, PHOSPHOROUS and ESSENTIAL TRACE MINERALS for January, 1950 5 7VTile&

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The miracle of meat A LL of us in the livestock-meat industry know that meat is appetizing, wholesome, satisfying. "It sticks to the ribs." People like it. But perhaps we don't all realize just what a miracle food meat really is. We know it's good -but do we know how good it is for people. .how important to the health of individuals and of the nation. If you feed livestock or poultry you know the importance of protein in their ration. It's just as important in the human diet. Proteins are known as the building blocks of the body. They build and renew the living cells in muscles, tissue and blood. Meat supplies the essential protein in a form that our bodies can use most readily. The most valuable protein foods -meat and poultry, milk, eggs and fish all contain what are known as amino acids. There are 23 different amino acids. Ten of them are absolutely essential to hunan health. All ten are found in meat. Important vitamins, too, like riboflavin. niacin, thiamin ...and "APF" (animal protein factor), the newly discovered, very important vitamin B,2 that's found only in animal products. Most new discoveries about the nutritional value of meat have been made in the past fifteen years. Credit goes to research scientists in universities, in government service and in privately financed laboratories of industry, such as Swift's Research Laboratories. The more people we can tell the above facts, the better for all of us. First, people who eat meat and other protein foods regularly will be healthier. Next, with ample meat in their diet, they'll get more benefit from cereals, fruits and vegetables and other foods they eat. Of course, the more meat that's eaten, the better the demand for meat, the better the market for livestock. Swift & Company has often said, "Nutrition is our business It's yours, too! So when you talk with your friends and neighbors, tell them these facts about "meat. the ni racle food." We will continue to tell them, too, by out advertising; and by passing along to them the findings of our Research Laboratories and Martha Logan Test Kitchens. Every livestock producer and meat packer has a vital public interest and a private personal interest in promoting better nutrition in America. Let's work together in promoting it! PORK AND NOODLES (Yield: 5 servings) 4-oz. pkg. noodles I lb. grd. pork 2 qits. boiling water I egg h cup diced green pepper Seasoning 1 cup diced cooked rutabaga Fbur 2 tbsps. shortening Combine pork, egg, and seasoning. Form into 1-inch balls. Roll in flour. Brown in hot fat. Boil noodles in salted water 10 minutes. Drain. Combine noodles; green pepper, and rutabaga. Place in greased 2-quart casserole. Place pork balls on top. Bake in a moderate oven (350' F.) about 40 minutes or until pork is well done. j5_ 11 -r ~>N Farming as a Business H.B. Howell, Ext. Farm Management Specialist Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa Good farm planning anticipates changes. It includes not only decision on how to use available resourcesH. B. ff,,weu' your land, labor, and capital to produce an income-but also how to use the income after it is produced. Records kept on 51 Iowa farms (160 acres each) in 1948 reveal some fundamentals of successful farming: 1) Production or volume of business is of first importance. The high 17 farms averaged $14,000 production per man; the low 17 farms only $7,800. 2) The top farms used a combination of all resources-not just some of' them-to get the greatest return. They fed enough grain to make efficient use of roughages; kept enough land in sod to maintain fertility; raised enough livestock and crops to keep man power fully employed; had enough machinery to do the work efficiently. 3) Good practices paid dividends. The best 17 farms produced $177 worth of livestock for each $100 worth of feed fed, while the comparable return was only $117 on the low 17 farms. Top farms averaged 87 bu of corn per acre; low farms only 67 bu. Good practices can easily increase crop yields and feed returns by 20%._ 4) Farm records, such as used in this study, help measure results: show up weak spots and make a sound basis for planning ahead. Your state extension service can help you set up the proper records for your farm or ranch. OUR CITY COUSIN "Gee, Country Cousin, 'tain't no joke Old Nell's afire. She's breathing smoke!" ere the Meat Goes The Florida Cattlenlali Swift & Company UNION STOCK YARDS, CHICAGO 9, ILL Nutrition is our business-and yours 6 It's a large country, this United States withclose to 150,090 000 people in it. Thev live on 5,859,169 farms and ranch es, and in about 125,000 cities and towns. Mostof these millions of people want meat. Last year they ate an average of 146 pounds of it apiece. That adds up to Over tweentv billion poundsto be d istributed all over the 2,977,128 square mile length-and-breadi of Our country. T man-size lob To handle it takes the servicesofnoveri4,000 ret Packers (including S ift 01 & Cmpany) and 1: '000 other commercial slaughterers of livestock in the United States. 'I lie average 1000-mile gap between where the livestock is produced and where the meat is eaten must be brid ged. One end of our "bridge" reaches west of the Mississippi. where two-thirds of the meat animals are prodUced. T1he other end reaches the markets to the east, where twothirds of the meat is consumed. But that's only one of the jobs we do. Another important one is to match up the nationwide supply against the nationwide demand. From day to day the numbers and grades of animals marketed vary greatly (which accounts largely for the day-to-day ups and downsin livestock prices). Also from area to area the people's meat preferences vary greatly. In New York and Boston they want heavy beef cuts. Pork eaters in Los Angeles and Baltimore prefer the lighter, leaner cuts. And so it goes, all over the map. It's an important part of our job to see that the various grades of meat and kinds of cuts go where there is the highest preference and most demand for them. Thus Swift & Company renders a twofold service-both by bringing to consumers the kind of meat they want. and by bringing to producers the benefitofa nationonL wide demand. F S Agrisujul lr?'esear'h Di'),f Wh

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Ii i a-and chamspimi Qisas tr Stallion shown above is owned by Air Force Col. Sidwell of Tampa, bus is stabled at the colonel's midwestern farm. Named After Dark, the stallion was grand champion at the Amaician Royal Livestock Exposition in Kansas City this fall. one of fhe mnsost C\tcsive range areas in the state. T. C. Monltgomery The Cattlemen's Ma) of Florida publishecd list Moisth ias des ign ed t0 sh 00' visitors the roasts to AMiamii and the American National Convention 7anuar ) .1-7 It (apipeaseid in the Amsierican Cattle Producer as well as in I'm, CArsTTEAr,\N. Should we repiblish this Malp it will be iseil in more complete form if possible. National Champion Stallion Owned by Tampa Officer Tampa Gentlemen: I am enC(losimg a photograph of im Quartert I I orse stall1 insI I fteI C)ii rk) (AQH.\ i 11373) wins was the ](H9 grad champion of the American. Royal Livestok Show is, Kansas City. In additiol ...ie was grand chaipiol ...at Beav-er, Okla., Hfugoton, Kan., and Elkart, Kan. Although my horses are all in Kansas, I have been learning about the Florida livestock industry by visiting various ranchers and readfi ig your FLORmA CAITEMIAN and Southein Livestoclh 7owirnal. Hope you can find space fr the horse picture in one of your issues. L. G. Sidwell, It. Col., USAF Picture of Col. Sidweell's fine stallion is Printed heiewith. March of Dines Must Have Record 1950 Response MARCn OF Dvmss will once again seek to raise funds for comnbattisg Isifasntile Paralysis during the last two weeks iin Jantiary-and the National Fotu nd a tion for lifantile Paralysis, sponsors of the drive, reports that especially heavy giving is iseeded to offset expenses mcurred Remember-grass is mostly all I get to eat! Unlike the little boy who wouldn't eat his spinach, cattle pretty much eat what's put before them. The only one who really suffers, if they get an inferior diet, is you! That's why it pays to sow good seed-seed which yields the kind of grass your cattle thrive on. Sow Bingham Seed. give cattle AND your pocketbook a treat! Bingham seeds are cleaned of most undesirable elements in our laboratory-controlled seed cleaning plant-the only one in Florida. Here, too, germination tests are made. All these findings are entered on the analysis tag attached to each bag of Bingham Seed. That's so you can know you're getting highest quality-first requirement of good pasture. That's why you should buy Bingham Seed every time. If your dealer can't supply you, please write direct for samples and the latest prices. GRASS |SEEDS, FIELD SEE T. There's a GROWING Difference 1F for January, 1950 JACKSONVILLE 1, FLORIDA D COMPANY 4th & Liberty Streets 7

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tA # 4 r cC -.0 oil Ocala Bralunan Southeastern Fat Show and Sale Stock Show and Sale January 16-20 February 28-March 30 Next Events At The OUTH FATSTOCK SHOW SOTEATR FAT 0 & ALE PAVILION OCALA, FLORIDA V 6 Anything we can do to assist you with your lIivestock program? THE COMMERCIAL BANK LOCALLY OWNED 1 AND MANAGED& Trust Company O C A LA -FLORIDA Member Federal Deposit insurance Corporation Member FederI Reser-e System BAHIA GRASS PASTURE (Imported Broadleaf) IS AN EXCELLENT INVESTMENT FOR FLORIDA CATTLEMEN We offer for imnedlate acceptance exceptionalIy fine quality Bahia Grass Seed (Imported Broadleaf) at: $.27 per lb. in 1000 lbs. lots S. 25 per lb). inf 100 lbs. lots >F.B jakonii le, Fa.) E. A. MARTIN SEED CO., INC. 1500 West Beaver St. P. 0. Box 2548 -Phone 6 4161 JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA (l'rite for our free Pasture Infornation lfulletin2s and Plabtirg Guide for Pasture Grasses) Extremliifely high efficiency in cutting large wrds is cfiited by /the t1tan tfacturer of this rotary brush butter. 7ohn Tabit of Belle G/ade is Florida agent for Wood B ro/hers. the mnanufacitrrCr. during the widespread epidemic last st llilllit 'r. President Basil O'Conror writes: "Ve face a possible crisis ill polio that will inlcc cvery* man, woian ind child in the United States, tiless, this winter, the Marsh of Dines takes in more money than ever before." Spray Molasses-Water to Start Cattle Eating Indigo F. A. PIAli\ R of Davenport tells us that it's no triek at all to get cattle to eat Hlairy ltndigro-if it's spraeild with a molasses-wtcr Ilixture first. Pal11er says either (ane or (itrus mllolasses is good for this purpose. 0'(Oc fe hey learn. there's no further trouble," 1e declares. it's common knowledge thatt cattle have to learn to like I airy Indiio. Florida Youngster Wins Prize for Electric Use USE OF 1IECTRICITY On the farm (see JIlC, 1094!, FlORDA CATTLEM'AlAN) has res1ilted in a prize for Jinny Machek of New Sunvrt llaedeh [r>m Vestinghouse's 1'ldtcatirsnal FtotundationI. Machek was the Florida winner ill the contest and competed against 34 other state winners for six Sgoo scholarships during the National IH Congress recently. Banker Likes Income Tax Series by George Allen Leesburg Dear Editor: Several yCaIrs ago I 1E CATTLEMAN published some incoic tax and capital gains articles. and I am delighted tO see you have started a series of two sudh articles by George E. Allen. As an officer in otir bank and also chalirnan of the agricultural conmnittee of the Florida Bankers Association, I anI very nuch interested in these articles and I wonder if yoti plan to have re prints made of them ...Our cattle ildustry has grown by leaps and botinds and as bankers we should do everything The Florida Cattleman 8

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Use ONCE-A-DAY TREATMENT with SULMET* SULFAMETHAZINE For Calf Scours, Calf 'Diphtheria, Bacillary Enteritis, Shipping Fever, Foot Rot and Metritis Highly Effective -Low in Cost Easy to Give 0 Safeguard your herds ..and your profts .against disastrous attacks of any of the above diseases by treating sick animals with SULMET Sulfamethazine Lederle. ONCE-A-DAY treatment with this outstanding drug brings quick results -often one treatment suffices. High effectiveness, low cost, and the practical advantages of once-a-day treatment-these are features of superiority that make SULMET Sulfamethazine a popular favorite with veterinarians, breeders, and stockmen throughout the country. SULMET Sulfamethazine is available in six dosage forms: POWDER, TABLETS, OBLETS*, EMULSION, INJECTABLE SOLUTION (available by or on the prescription of a veterinarian), SOLUTION 12.5% (for use as a drench). Your veterinarian is your dependable ally in the constant war against cattle diseases. Consult him for the most effective management practices and disease control procedures to meet your individual needs. Read carefully the circular enclosed in the package for best results in the use of this product. Free literature gladly sent upon request. *Reg. U S. Pat. Off Clip this coupon; and send to us at the address below for your FREE COPY of "COMMON DISEASES OF LIvESTOCK." Name Address LEDERLE LABORATORIES DIVISION 4' AMERICAN 6 COMPANr 30 Rockefeller Plaza New York 20, NY. 9 for Janjuary, 1950

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COTTONSEED MEAL, of ample protein. Supplement early Spring grasses with richinprotein Cottonseed Meal to offset winter losses and insure bigger, stronger calf crops. CATTLE ON GRASS require lots of Mineral BINGO RED MINERAL. is palatable, freely eaten, and furnishes the need. They Like Bingo Mineral LAKELAND CASH FEED COMPANY LAKELAND FLORIDA in our power to keep all our rancher customers informed in regard to tax problems. Your magazine is getting better all the time and I want to congratulate you upon the fine job you are doing. J. C. Rogers, Vice President, First Na. tional Bank of Leesbutg. Alford Coast Line Agricultural Agent BELATIIDLY WE REPORT that A. E. "Burt" Alford of Ellenton is one of tile Atlantic Coast Line's ag ri tilt ura I and livestock agents with headquarters at Sanford. Alford graduated front Pil netto High School in 1938, attended the University of Florida fromn 9'9 to 1 92, took time out to serve the next three years with the Army Air Force, and returned to get his USA in July, 1916. Following graduation, Alford served as Assistant Manatee County Agent, following that with graduate work at the University of Minnesota where lie received his masters degree. DuPont Weed Killer Kills Blackjack Oaks J)UPoNT RECOMMENDS AImmate Wleed Killer for killing blackjack oak and other un(sirable ulands trees ils tie Soutlh. Report, says that Ammat/c kills trees more rapidly tlli girdling. Information as to mlhod of applying the weed killer can le obtained by writing E. 1. DuPont de Nemnours, Wilington, Del. Rotary Cutter Thorough In Removing Pasture Weeds A ROTARY WEED CUTTER which will take care of extremely tough weeds and small brush is being marketed in Florida by John A. Fabit of Belle Glade for Wood Brothers M\anufacturing Company of Oregon, Ill. The cutter first made its appearance in potato fields in Maine, New York and Minnesota last summer, and cornbelt farmers have used it for cutting corn stalks this fall. The cutter is versatile, being adjustable to cut at ant height. Manufacturer says it cuts any vine, stalk or stubble. Free folder containing a table of tile nutrient elements in farm crops and crop residues is offered to farmers by Wood Brothers and may be obtained by writing to Tabit or to the manufacturer. You Can't Eat Grass, But Cows Can and Do! YoU CAN'T EAT GRAss, is the title of an illustrated folder recently published by the Publicity Committee of the American National Livestock Association. Pictures are included from every state where the 10 The Florida Cattlem5a

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,I heart-broken yoigister was 'young BlooUy Wastls/iter of 1lk)y Beach w/hien his 1a0he. (;IIy 11'arls10tter, 10t somewone outbid him for this bull ialf at (he Florida esey (attle Club le l Orlido II \ ovember. (Photo by shinerr) Aumeriain Natiolal has all, affiliated association. 'wo Florida p)ittulre's show use of heavy equpiimeit in tlprootinug palmettoes for pasUrYe jLimpl i rov I Ut, taken oin the J. 1'. rie P ranitch inar Immokalee, and registered Ilirahmans at He(art Bar Ranch of IHetry 0. I)dltjll aid Sons lear Kissimmee. Ilie booklet. designed to acquaiint the pitiihii with the imiportaolte of the cow, idmay be obtained by writing the American Nalio idl l,is sto k \ss'n., Denver. Colo. Platning Pays in Farmo Home W1'"ork I w lk N GiPt s, ith illustratiol s Ifro VadliollS partlS of the tOuLtNtry, is the subject of a +j-page booklet titleti "Piannilig Tlhit IPays" which itas recent beel rclesed by the Fiarieirs H [t dmu'\ilnlilistr'ation. ''iiiere is a lessoni for muaty 'miplovtes of the Ftirers Iloe Administration in the records of thliets' sue t'ssfutIl borrowers the( introduction slates. "It is that there is uiii imlore to 'planning that pays, thanl meo.rely recommenicding. good larm I 'lie is kitowinig bad farmig when you ste it, knowing how to torrect bid lariling awd how to (onivinice borrowers thiat it pays to correct it." International WJ'ork Helpful for Foot and Mouth A BRIroiiIN N1o mladllades Bri1tisi loot and tI i th r'searc t1 a tid recent tly passed through the Unittd States oi his return front aI Mexican ilspection, said that "1the control of ,oot and mouth disease is all international respoIsii)iIity. dii there mIuISt be a ii'ee illterchange of ideas and linldings." Just as the t'sts going oli It his Pirbrighit L~aboratory in Suissex have a real international valuec, so will tile proposed tests to ie imad' at the I. S. oot and tllouth it l eventually assitluie witde jilterulational significance' he believes. 4, You Can Supplement and Fortify ONE TON of HOME GRAIN with LESS than $3.00 Worth of FAMOUS poIDU C U5g t oo ,, 0 VITAMIN-REINFORCED BOVOTON No.12 FEEDING CATTLE CALVES and SHE EP VIGORIONE PRODUCISint1C PsCEDAR RAPIDS IOWA .-_ --_ CIoiiipare the results, compare the quality, compare the prict-ard you'll find tt ofiiotol (al't hie ibeatell. T hat's because Bovoton gises your cattle ALIJ, 1'FOR-a bleuded combhination of Nvitaminls, _Ninlerals, 'Irace Elemntts and~ I is e Cell Yeast. Bovototi Ilmay le fed free-i ioie or prel ixed-riglt on yur tsw farimi-tito tra hauling or hiaindlling. (et the full details of fiow Bo toll (all lp promote faster growth aud 1 ]letter fIll sh. 'I fiese diistributors will ie happy to tdiscuiss your ratio probhd(llms 1i1h you-at outr own iom srie-w Ihout obligatiol. Distributed by NORRIS CATTLE COMPANY Ocala, Florida STANSELL'S FARMERS SUPPLY STORE Wauchula, Florida lor January, 1950 lanuifacture by PREFERRED F E E DIE RS P R 0 0 U C T 5, Inc. SINCE CE A RA I S, ID I1I 44

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I I E HillsborouIgh Coun y's 7niar hguicultu-al Fai it Plan I Ciy lat'ali led a lar)g(' nimber)u of /Wef and dai v a/lle raised Iv q-H and i /FF. yons s. IPiitue(d above aor, If/ to rigIht, (Ila(I e Inipi;ml Ir'nalt anl lenser cham i ohln spiin s tee h shown ith Roy HleaIl(oe. n( grand chamijin sier, shown with jilmny hull. Both are I'lan/ Ci/y yungslers. Junior Shows Attract Many Entries at Bartow and Plant City in December XT Bm\ow and at P'lant City the ongt.-. sters were il [ll toitrol at the Iolk C0Unty YOUth Fatir And the IfillSborough l Youth AlrjiUltuire Siow early in Dec in ber. Cattle were anl important part of both showts, with 1H and FFA oys and girls showing" beef anld dairy cattle. At Mirtow more thanl It6o ('ttle were o) The Florida Cattlemlai 12

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"I'm completely satisfied with PURINA RANGE CHECKERS, M. C. Stallworth, Jr., with "Sombrero," 3-year-old red Brahman bull weighing 1,705 lbs. says M. C. Stallworth, Jr., Hope Hull, Alabama M. C. Stallworth, Jr., a practical cattleman, raises Brahmans primarily for market. He finds Range Checkers a big help in promoting cow-condition for big calf crops of husky, growthy calves. Range Checkers contain a VARIETY of ingredients. proteins for growth, carbohydrates for heat and energy, minerals for bone and blood building and vitamins for vigor. Supplementing grass with Range Checkers the important 90 days previous to calving helps your cows do a better job than with a single-source protein. "Earl Amanso" herd on the Stallworth farm. For Range Checkers, see your Purina Dealer. at the Store with the Checkerboard Sign RALSTON PURINA COMPANY St. Louis -Nashville Tampa .Miami P UR 1 NA RANG E tIIECKERS 4A T DOE MAK A DIFREC DISPERSAL SALE MODENA HERD REGISTERED ABERDEEN-ANGUS FEB. 25-saturday STARTING AT 12:00 o'clock, NOON, this dispersal sale will be held at Modena Plantation. FROM ISLE OF HOPE DOCK, boats will convey yo to the sale and return after the sale. 128 Lots-Many Calves At Side Of Dams Everv animal in the herd will be offered including: 2 Herd Sires, BERTILLION OF MODENA and MISTER BIG of MODENA, 34 Yearling Bulls aid Bull Calves by Our Herd Sires, 30 Open Yearling Heifers by Our Herd Sires, 62 Bred Cows and Bred Heifers, 35 of which have calves at side. This herd of Aberdeen Angus has A GREAT been in the process of building for families a 16 years, and today it is up to a high Blackeap; peak of perfection in type, quality TolaII BI and some of the breed's most famous Petunia; bloodli nes. Auctioneers: Address: GEORGE KURTZ TOM 1P. Mi CORD Florida Cattleman: ALDUS M. CODY ROBT. C smal>h" I / ,tr' of a gO1> of IheI .e,, co n th b, 1ne bden ,d h I to ),. IIERD IN BREEDING AND QUALITY. These history-mnaking re represented in 1ainy of the bulls and females selling: Missie Evolution Erica; Blueribbon Blackbird; Cridlan Evergreen; ickberry; Black Pudding; Rosemnere Antelope; lilldale Pride; Juana Erica; Judy Blackeap; Jilt and Mulben Pride. WRITE FOR THE CA T ALONG ODENA PLANTATION Isle of Hope, SAVANNAH, GEORGIA ROEBLING, Owvnier BILL BERGER, Herdsmnatn for January, 1950 13 13 for January, 1950 I

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SI Ik.712 W-9 kd 640 Acres Is Profitable Farm in the Everglades, According to John Tabit whiih blocked the view ill one corner, the! p itnre *above p)resCIts a good view of how a small Iivtstock farm (an iake llolney-ii that fam111 happens to be 10tated ill the Eerglades. jol Tabit of Belle Gkade is III(" iarier. Picture above shows his 610atre la FIll. 1or1IelyiI devoted to egetable raisi and now strietiy liiiited to livestoc k. Although Tabit has a heavy in1estiliclit ill this property. lie is Sure that raising" anld nlow strictly, limited to lIkeimtke himt It iCast10 percent nii his iiiVstieilt this yUMr Is it did LSt yeart. The lariii, whidh is exat(y ai ])tile square, is divided i1to 10 acre strips, of whidh there lie I6. A glace at the picture will Shiw that ca(1)h of those strips abuts o the (clnral :aal which trails froMl tile pumpI hOuse, bMoom. through to tile 1;1r Cend of the( ranch. Eah pasture i I 2 ()llip)te illit. with its own water Supply (o1e 1)(11111) supplies water Ior two pastures) ;1111 its own mIoLIsses taniik. Citrtis 1111l1ssC5S is u2s1(. 2;1d Tilbit [C(As thAt it is CeminentyI\ succe(SSItil inl keeping (attle inl conditions at mninimumtil (ost. Water olitrol is th12 bigg est s1.e2ret of ranichilng in the Gltdes. however. Tabit's Supply comeis froml one of' thle kiarge canals llaintainl(d h\y the draillagl'' district ill whih lie is located. Water is pumptseItd iil throutg 211Ta bi's oii 1heaVy )umps drin11121g dry (5 We 1 ter 112. Id 1dur1 i. Wet weatherCI the pumps may, Of (0ursC, be reversed and excss wtrciemcvd. On a smaller Scale, this sam12)e 2 process is used iii keeping water inl ea( idIVidI;IIl pas(tore. For 1chII Itwo Pastures o1 12 pum m poves water fromt th (mull ill (enter of picture into ()r out of the pas(ure needing irrigation or draina~gc ])ost. A2I other Iceatur of the Tabit 12 (Iit (It Ire shatdes cremted ncar the (center, Of ch1 pasture Whlikle most of' his cattle conitainl somei BrAlahma Wood. miamy of 11h(im are of English breeding. Ill either 1a(1., Tabit feels 11at shiae is desirable. and ill the casc of th. English c;ith it is 1e(cesary. R)o ws of tree s havc Ibleen planted ill eadh palstlre and surrou-mnded by1 teIp trary I 12e12c s. These trees even1 Itually will supLyI)\ the nee~ded shadeC. Mfolassesks cooks 122111 Ie spotted Ill the photo 11ear the upper inside Io1nIiS of tle two IIerest pastures. Thie wIter tanks Ire located furtherr b)1k from tile (21121L. a11d ole 11my be seen ill riglnt (center. of tile photograph. Growth of 111h2 cattl iidustr ill the Everglades area h1a1 s bc n phen12 om1i enlal durillg the past decd .A great deA of land whih Ii s previously been uts1ed] for Vtgeltable growing is n ow being10 CollThe Florida Cattleman .14

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verted into pasture, Tabit reports, andi more land is being cleared for this pur'pose. s special Eerglades torn. Big /oe, developed by Dr. Roy Bair at the Everglades Experiient Station near Belle Glade, has opened the way for a limited amnountt of grain fattening in the area. Baucom Named Marks And Brands Inspector For Lee by John Scott FRED BAUCO(15 SR., of Fort \f-yrs has been appointed Lee County marks and hrantds inspector by john M. Scott, chief oispector for the state mnarks and brands org~aniaon. Bauio mi's salary will be paid by the Lee County Cattlemen's Association. and by inspection fees. Ile setup is designed to check slauglter antd sale of stolen cattle. Action in Lee County is expected to be followed by similar actioii in Sarasota and Charlotte counties due to recent thefts. Duval Dairymen Short Of Citrus Molasses CrTRUS MrOLAsSFs is inl short supply, according to County Agent A. S. Lawton of Duval County' who rep~or ts that d airy'men1 who were depending on citrus molasses to supplement winter feeding are beginning to run short. ,p farmers in. the county have tanks With a total (aIa ity of .10,000 galons. This is the first time tle molasses supply has been e\hausted, Lawton says. 4-H Girl Visits Chicago MIss BIrrY SIMIMONS of Archer, who showed the grand champion steer at the Southeastern Fat Stock Show in 1946, attended the National j-H Club Congress in Chicago as a result of winning the ,J-H feeding contest sponsored by the Florida State Cattlemens Association. New Drug Aids Mastitis DAIRY.MEN, always troubled with mastilis, are finding relief for the disease in a new miracle drug called aureomycin, which is now being made in quantities sIffiCient to allow its use in animal treatment, according to Lederle Laboratories of New York City. A NEW REGISTERED lereford bull weighil1mg 130o pounds has been purchased by AV. M. Inlmall front a Texas breeder. Other Gadsdet County cattlemen. received bulls aitd lieifers ill the same shipment, including C. AV. Iliomas, Love L.ea[ Tobacco Cor1porationl allo A. L. Wilsonl. A Whole Year of the Cattleman Permanently Bound in Canvas and Stamped in Gold S toPostpaid -an ideal gift for the man who takes his Cattleman seriously! Think of it-au entire year of The Florida Cattleman. bound in a single handsome volume, ready for instant reference at aly time. A fine addition to any stockman's library ...a valuable source of reference information ...Now ready for delivery are the 1949 volumes, and orders are now being taken for the 1950 volumes. Use the coupon below to order your 1949 volume or reserve your 1950 copy. Order directly from the publishers, Cody Publications, Inc., Box 891, Kissiunmee, Florida. ----------------------------------1 CODY PUBLICATIONS, INC., Box 891, Kissimmee, Florida E Please send mic promptly the 1949 bound volume of The Florida Cattleman. If payment is not enclosed I will pay postman $10 plus C.O.D. and postage charges. D Please enter tmy order for the 1950 bound volume of The Florido I Cattleman. I understand you will notify me when the volume is ready I and that the order may be cancelled at any time. Ship to Address -------------------for Janluary, 1950 14A

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TT Make real money. Feed Mayflower and Plymouth brands, Low cost -High food value. Products of the Plymouth Citrus Growers Association. UPLYMOUTH h I 1 I Your Income Tax: Sale of Breeding Stock Interpreted Variously by GvoRcv E. ALLEN, Fort Myers Cei-tifed Public Accountant INCOME TAX RFKGULATIONS have always classified breeding stock as capital assets. vet few if any ranchers until recent ears have classified their herds for the purposee of claiming depreciation On I those for which they have a cost basis. or to take advantage of capital gains limitations o1 the sale of breeding stock. Section i17 U) of the Internal Revenue Code permits a taxpayer to treat the profit from the sale of property, "used In the trade or nsiness ..of a character subject to the allowance for depreciation ...hed for more than six months ...and not of a kind includible in inventory or held primarily for sale to customers ..a. .s long term capital gains. The above section of the Internal RevcnUe Code first appeared in the law in Si)412 and at that time was interpreted by the Commissioner as not applicable to breeding livestock. In tq.14 based on a request of the National Livestock 'Tax Committee, he reversed his first stand and admitted that breeding stock could be capital assets under certain conditions. The Bureau's position was set forth in IT 3666 and IT 3712, which briefly state that an unusual or ahnormal sale of breeding stock which results in a reduction of the breeding herd, and which is not a routine sale, or a mere culling process. will be considered the sale of a capital aset. Tli pertinent portion of IT 3666 reads: ".It is held that any livestock used for draft. breeding, or dairy purposes, irrespective of whether sui livestock was raised or otherwise acquired, is property used in tile trade or business. of a character which is subject to the allowance for depreciation, within the mni-caitig ii0 section i 17 (j) of the Internal Revenue Code, supra, provided it is held for more than six ibntths. This is t-qUally true whtther the farmer keeps his books Aid files his returns upon the tash receipts and disbursements 1asis or upon tie accrual basis. "'The sale of animals culled front the breeding lierdi as feeder or slaughter animals in the regular course of business is not to be treated as the sale of a capital asset." ihis is the second i mstallienit of two. First ins.alfment was publisl-d in the D-combeir CattleMan nt dett priialily with Ileatlnllt of pasture c Iron the standpoint of the rancher, the right to claim the benefit of capital gaitts limitations froin the sale of breeding stock is sitiply this: I oIIg term caittl gains have a statutory limit whereby ito more than 25 percent of the total I profit shall be paid ias tax thereon and no mtsatter what the taxpayer's position in determinitnitg taxable income Ottl' 5o percent of the long terin gain on. tle sale of capital assets is includible itl tile return: whereas, ordinarv income is im percent taxable and subject to no limitation o whatever. The position of the Bureau as set forth in 11 T f666 and i11 3712 establish a fine line of distinction and have been the subject of much controversy in the past few years. Thie Commissioner's distinctiont as to what sales of breeding herd result in capital gains, and which do not, has been held invalid in several recent decisions buit to late the Conrtissioner hItts not acquiesced in this action of the courts and the Bureau will probably continue to disallow tile useof capital gaitins unless thev qualify iinder his tests. T-he following g cases are s5um) matrized for the consideration of cattlemen and their tax advisers because of their -gowing important e and the possibility that some may desire to file refund claints for years not barred by tile statute of limitations. R. W. Albriglit vs U. S. 173 Federal Second -9. decided M\arch io, t194l 9, tn the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals, specifically held invalid the limitations itmposetf in IT -6ii and IT 37ia Oil section i 17 (j) as applied to livestock sales. In this case. Albright, a fariner. had a brecedimig herd of tent sows and one boar. I Ic was also en-gaged ill the dairyv business and realized income frot the sale of cows and brd ieifers itcltided in his dairy herd. lIe conceded that income frot the st-( of calves atid hogs other thIn those used for breeding purposes is ordinary income but contended income frot sale Of cows anid breeding lieifers taken front his breeding herd and fron the sale of breedinig sows and boars was entitled to capital gaits trettmeit under ii7 (j). The Comnmissioner's attitude was that such sales were not :11) tnorinmm if or in reduction of herds and all iticoite was ordinary income. Albright paid his tax and sued in the IT. S. district COurt which Upheld the The Florida Cattleman 1413

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Aibri-glt appealed to the U. S. Cotrt ot Appls ) %l i(tit rever'sedl thle Tistric t Courl till] held ilhe "(Iffl" anld "nlormlal altormal" test were itvalid ittsoflar as they dettied capital gains oil sales of the type tmade by Albright. The Court specifically field that sales itmade for the purpose of mt aintaittitig tHe size of a breeding herd or sale because of undesirable age or iondition.s was a sale of capital assets resulting in capital gains anid that a farmer who sold his cintire herd each year, replacing it with raised allnimals was disposing" of capital assets atid was enititled to capital gains treatmtenit. Of (o(trse, a rilmg Ity the Circuit Coirt of Appeals is tnot binding upon the Coittissioner in other Courts sinite lie failed to acquiesce and tile Governietits position will probably be that when a cotiflictin g decision is eitered itt one of the other nine Courts the matter will be appealed to the U. S. Supreme Cotrt. The Supreme Court is the o l body to make a final deterrmittationi unless the existing law is changed by an act of, Congress. It should lbe noted that althouglt there were five points at issue in the Albtrigit case, the Goverinimet cotttesttd oily otte. ttamnely the question as to wh other the anit ials were held by taxpayet patrimily tor sale to cusIttmers ill tile ordinary course of his trade or business. Iihe Governimtiett admitted that brceding battle were subject to ilte allow;tmie of dpreciatioit arid were Hot property of tile kind includable in tle imettory of the taxpayer if ott hatid at the close Of tLhc taxable year. Itt the case of Stutzmai et at vs U. S. 72 Federal SUppletment 879, the plaintilIfs sold their ct ir etrd. iilk cows, hIeifers. attd calves at public sale. They also sold three sows antd one boar. They reported the sale of the animals in (]uestiott as gail otl the sale of a capital asset atid reported 5o per cenit oif the gaiii itt their tax retuirit. The Governmeit disallowed the sale as a capital asset and assessed a deficiency, claiming too per cent of such gain. as ordinary income. Plaintiffs paid the tax and sued for refund. The Court found in favor of Stutzmati antd granted their refutid. Il its opinion the Court said, "All of said heifers and calves, with the exception of tilltee Iteal, were initended by said plaintiffs to It platcd ii saidt dair herd, atind ill tf wht icIt were a part of* tile dairy herd of said plaintills, and as sucht were capital assets." The Court also Ifoutndic that the three sows atld oi boar were lielci as breeding hogs atid that itthy were capital assets. Wh\lile thete was a "reductio of lerd" involved /or January, 1950 TIWn71 k'g .r/e lo am Semces Winz RanAy4.,id&zrn Avor. RA You Flo Ref Pen7SaCO& a .a assee NCH adFA RM Piln RTGAGE LOAN WIFFV COX SERVICEQO 7 Tiasvd/e rArea is served e an experienced rida Mortgage Man. ou are contemplating or gage Loan or ct nt prompt con. Qr/?onpA97e 1//e 6brrlesoNoi'/? wloser-ves yoai6&ea Ze W. T. COX C OA 61'clle ,6/y Or/a ndg 9/a. C.B. MOAK AV, 9&zZa'Zn' ..Za COAA/fCT/C(T N1 6/TI/L LIFE /ISI'R/AC CO. THE NEW MIRACLE PRODUCT for Screw Worm Control in Live Stock BARRY'S I)RMA-SEAL Kills and Seals in one application No Brushing-No Mopping Just squirt it on. Try it at our risk. NEW AND SENSATIONAL At all dealers, or write for full information about this wonder product DRAWER E, NEWBERRY, FLORIDA 15

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time's a-wastin' Now's the time to plan your pasture fertilizing program for future profits and-time's a-wastin'. For it does take planning to get the best and most economical results. New and more economical methods have been developed to enable you to get richer, 'more nutritive pasturage yields with less work and expense. The quicker you adopt these methods, the quicker your profits will increase. That's where the Wilson & Toomer Field Representative comes in handy. He lives in. your community. He knows the soils found there. He can tell you how to use the new pasture fertilizing methods and which IDEAL Fertilizer formulas are the best for your pasture requirements. He'll be glad to give you the benefit of his experience and advice -all you have to do is call him or send him a note that you want to see him. WILSON &TOOMER FOE R T IP L -E R S C 0 M PA N Y Clean, Comfortable, Friendly THE ARCADIA HOUSE Arcadia, Florida Auctioneer ROBERT D. COOPER Florida's leading purebred and commercial auctioneer TELEPHONE 35291 SARASOTA for your sales dates in this case the Court's decision made no mention of the necessity of such a finding and held the plaintiffs were entitled to treat the livestock in question as capital assets under the provisions of 117 (j.) It would appear that had the Court felt a "reduction of herd" necessary to the application of section 117 (j) to the livestock in question it would have mentioned it. In the case of Isaac Emerson, 12 TC No. 115, Docket No. 16io, decision entered May 27, 1949, the Tax Court said, "The sole issue >resented is whether the profit realized by the petitioner in 1945 and 1946 from the sale of certain aninials from his dairy and hog breeding herds constituted ordinary income or capital gains under the provisions of Section 117 (j) (i) of the Internal Revenue Code. "The precise question here presented was recently decided by the Circuit Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit in. Albright v. United States,-F (2d) (supra) (March in, 1949) .The facts in that case were, except for minor details, identical with those presented in the present proceedings. There the taxpayer in 19415 and 1946 sold certain cows from his dairy herd and hogs from his breeding herd, treating the profit from such sales as a capital gain. The Commissioner determined that the profits froni the sales were taxable to the farmer as ordinary income. The Circuit Court stated in, regard to the provisions of section 117 (j) : "'Il order for the taxpayer to come within the provisions of section 117 (j) permitting him to treat the sales from his dairy and breeding herds as sales of capital assets, the burden is upon him to show: (1) that the animals sold were used in his trade or business; (2) were subject to allowance ft r depreciation; (3) were held for more than six months; (4) were not property of the kind includible in the inventory of the taxpayer if on hand at ihe close of the taxable year; and (5) that the animals were not held by the taxpayer ilrilirrily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of his trade or business. It is clear that the animals in tiuestion wvere property used in the petitioner's trade or business of farming and that they were property of a cdiracter subject to allocance for depreciation. 1. T. 3666, C.B. 1944, 1'. 270. Each of the animals (with the exception of two sows sold in 1945) liad been held by petitioner for a period of longer than six months. The livestock was not property of the kind includible in the inventory of the taxpayer if on Iran(] at the close of the taxable yexrr. Regulations 111, section 29.22 (a)-7, IT 3666, supra. "Thus, the funditmental issue between the parties centers on the question of slietlier or not the animals in question were held by petitioner primarily for sale to customers in the crdinary course of his trade or business. he position of the respondent herein seems to be based on his two rulings published as I.T. 3666, supra, and I.T. 3712 C.I. 1945, 1. 176. Which rulings it should be ioted are not Treasury Regulations and as a consequence do not have the force and effect that Regulations are accorded. "Ill I .T. 3666, Supra, the Commissioner, after recognizing 'the inherent character of life stock used for draft, breeding, or dairy purposes as capital assets' held that the 'sale of animals culled from the breeding herd as feeder or slaughter animals in the regular course of business is not to be treated as the sale of a capital asset'. To The Florida Cattleman Du Pont, Screw worm Smear 220 STAYS MIXED, HEALS FAST, LIGHT COLORED Du Pont's own formulation of tested ingredients. Protects new wounds from infestation, prevents reinfestation and helps wounds heal fast. Always ready to use because it stays mixed. Light color, not messy to use. Comes in pints, quarts and gallons. See your dealer or write Du Pont, Animal Industry Div., Wilmington 98, Delaware. Better Things for Better living .through Chemistry FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTS Dry Citrus Pulp. Sweet Feed. Range Pellets. Special Formulas FLORIDA CITRUS CANNERS COOPERATIVE LAKE WALES 0 FLORIDA Telephone 2678 Good for a Lifetime! CREOSOTED FENCEE POSTS You save by buying creosoted posts that have been proven by tests to last for thirty years. How much longer they will last nobody knows. Here are the posts you need and for a price that will save you money. We also creosote lumber. Write for details. F L 0 If I FENCE POST CO., INC. Phone 3171 WAUCHULA, FLORIDA Plant Located at Ona, Fla., Phone 4858

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clarify his position, fite Coimmissioner it IL T. 3712, suipra, establilsled it so-called norima-abiormial Sales test, holding that if rite inumbtiler of, animals sold fiomi Ilhe breeding Iserd during a txtble year exceeded ifhe numb11er of allnimal added to the lbeeding held timing the siite ear, it wss t to be presilmied that the cess munllber, sold coil. sister of animials held lotbreeding purposes alodf that tile g-iin o loss r fit such sales was subjei to ttratimivit ;Is capital gait or losses. ,It tas been stipulated herein that the petitioner's sales of I t iv(sto k dill1 not resttlt ill a reititin of his :Ittli aid log lh-rds. illts, if the Coimissionei's rulings are Nalid. it is plitn duat the rtespodsset's detlermtiation ltreit is W it (it it C o t si f App1lsI., in A11brtiglIt s. United Stats's, supra, itd that tile iiit pretations tipir itwis i the .10o) no issionier uelies 'are cotrriy to the plaiti language of sec tion 1 17 (i ) and to tle intent of the Conigress vxpressed ill it'. In reading this coltlusiot the ort obse ed that: s'Nothing in the language of tilAct inditates intensttion isl the paritt of' Cssngo*-ii i-i the relief grated by the section to aly taxpayers wss tiantsations smeet the prescibed t oiitiions. I lie Commissioner has rtled that Iviestok held by ia farmer for daily, breeding, or dralt purposes at-, while so held and ttsed, depreciable assets, nt primilyliiN held for sale to slustioii s its the ordinary ""l"sc sI !i !l"sitits. ssslig i" the laigilge of the section i stifies the imilernc that a faiier should be detl ied the right to treat the profits received front the sales of sui ivestosk when they arno longer profitable or fit for use it the farier'S business as inodtlI ite Cof Capital gains and not sof odistar its suie. I'Iis, howelvIer, is the efft-t of tse rutlitig rlied oi by the Govieilmentl. " We ageIe lithI IHo A1IpIeliate Court t hat :1 sfiry faie is not irimarily engage it the sal of heel tattle and the sale by him of somte of the stsk fiom his dahir herd is not a sale of property held ptiiariis for sale to CtiUssIers ill the ordinary course of his business. "We also agree with that pat t of the icottit's decision wherein it was held that tle fatt that togs floit dlie leeing lit id isete tiustoiarily conditioned for iartke befoit sales does not show that the taxpayer has its t held themis for the TlrPOse of breeding or that they were hield pritmar ily, fiosale to custoiers it the ordiiiaiy course of his ttale o lsiness. "On the atithority of Albright t. United States, supla, ii sontlide that ts%ariouts animals (except for the two sois held less than six ioiths) i lich ere sol ivb petitioner ftnt his daisy std flog blreedisig lIteils ill the years I9 9-5 andt I19-16i iwere capital assets Within the imteatting of section 117 (J) of the Inteinal Reventie Code and that the pofits erealizei its tlese sears fisoi tle sal( of soit] antiials are toniperly taxrble as capital gains and tiot as ordinttay isscom u.In the Case of Leslie S. Oberv. Cottttissioner of liternial Revertue, Do ket No. 159 13, D)eCision May 27, 19, the Tax Court held the gaint from the sale Of 22 sows and One boar front Oberg's breeding herd were a sale of ialJital assetss aitl as such only 50'/r of the gain was taxable income. Although the matter is by no mteants clear, it wourtld appear that where profits are to be retained in the form of tax satviitgs, fromn treating sales of breeding tattle as sa les of capitall assets, that itMelded returns and claims for refunds shou l be filed ft iOr those years not barred by ile Statttte osf Limitations, as a proteCtfiVe mtelasnre. To strbstatntiate s1t It returin-ts and cl aimtts the tattle ittei's reT words Utm1tst be adet luate to properly rellelt the division between breeding Ierd andtl Other cattle, and unless such ditisiont i's shown the possibility of sPC essfully pressing a c lim wOuld aPPear to be small. With the ending of 1949, growers can look back on a year of prosperity for most Florida Agriculture. 1950 is still a question-But, CAREFUL growers tinted prosperity. NACO Fertilizer and Services can and will be an important factor in planning your prosperity for the year a head. Call on us to do our partCNC JACKSONVILLE 1, FLORIDA &iniC~trus&tuttes are the best quality molasses We have excellent loading faeilities. Have your trucker get in touch with its. &fullt4671ms.Products iCo. HAINES CITY, FLORIDA T H E Y M 0 0 F 0 R M 0 R E for January, 1950 _71

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FOR BETTER STOCK: BETTER PASTURES. Walker Field Tested pasture Fertilizers are tested in Walker field test plots first, for your protection. Distributors of DuPONT LIVESTOCK SPRAY AND DIP No. 30 No. 30 kills ticks, mange mites and provides residual fly, tick and lice control. Also distributors of Screwworm Smear 220 For the Best by actual test Wire or Write Telephone 6771 ORLANDO. FLORIDA Personalized LEATHER BELTS BILL FOLDS P PURSES NOCONA BOOTS HEREFORD SADDLES tHand-tooled ltandbags made to your own indiidual specifications as to color and pa-terin. See us for saddlery, boots. "In The Cow Capital" NOT TOO LATE to Register For American National Meet, Chairman Announces Otstandiny speakers will be presented during Miami ineeting Janttry 4-7; Social events arre also planned It'S Nct 'Ft L.ATErto deCide to attenid t1 American National Livestock Association toinventio Jatntary -1-7 at Miami. That's the word froi jolhn G. DtPuis, geierl chairman f the host. Florida State Cattlemteit's .\ssctiatiot. blit Diupiis advises iakinl reservations inttedatelv to save ttimte. trouble. anl, itmoles, after vioui arrive itn Mimi. Wire the Miami Coveittio B1tre. an fOr r teserva tills. "The hotels are giving the cattlemen itlow er rte thati :ittv individual call gct iii these hotels at this time of the year," Dttpttis pIOittts OtIt. "You'd be wise to apply for reservations before y-ott arrive in Miami." Complete programil is givell elsewhItere 01t this page-htUt tlete are stiell outstanding speakers s(htltled as: J0d111 Holmes of Chicaigo, President o Swi ft and Comipmny,; Wheeler Mc~clilleni of Philadelp~hia, Flitior-in-Chief of Fxtxim JOURNAL; Genral Harry 1-I. jolinson of Afexito City, Joint. Coordinator of tile U. S.-MNexico Yoot and Mouth Disease Commission; and Wallace F. Bennutt of' New York, President of the National Assoiattioit of Manluliacturers. The en"e"ain"et rora"", arr"all Iby) Dtittis aitd his coimmittee, includes lthe Hlospitality, Nighlt Th'lursday evening, a boat tour Friday' afteritoon, and banqutiet and dance wiith floor show Saturday. And free orange juice and milk is National Convention Program WTdursday, Januarv 5 9:30 a. i.-Call to Order.M uimicipal Auditorium Addresses of Welcomue: Williau Wolfarth, 'Mayor of Niaii: Alto Adams, Jr., JUstice. Florida Supremue Court; Irlo Bronson. President, Florida State Cattlemen's Association. Response: Loren Bamiert, lone, Calif. Annual Address: President A. A. Siith. Execu tive Secretary's Report: F. F. NMollin. Addresses: Jolin Holmes, President. Swift and Coipany, "Opportiity or Stagnation"; Wheeler MfclAillen. Edit or-in -Cl ief, Farm Journal, "Agricil It tire's Biggest Questioni". 2:30 p. mt.-Commnu ittee M eeiugs.M cAllister Hotel 8:00 p. m.--Hospitality Night.municipal Auditorium Florida entertains Ile nation. Wear sollietling western. Friday, fanttarn 6 7:30 a. m.-Secretaries' Breakfast. McAllister Hotel State and local secretaries. J. R. Gunn, Secretary, Florida State (attleten's Association. presiding. 7:30 a. mi.-Junior American National Breakfast. .McAllister IHotel President Maurice O'Coiiell presiding. 9:30 a. mi.-Call to Order.A ilicipal Auditorium Addresses: Paul tI'lioipson. I erre iatite, ittd., "Trie Business of Cattle Feeding"; Charles E. Kellogg, Chief, Division of Soil Survey, U. S. Department of Agriculture, "Soil Potentialities for World Food Producti'on"; General Harty H-. johnson, Joint Coordinator. United Statcs-Nlexico Foot anld Mouth Disease Conuititisssioll "Figltting Fot and Moutli Disease itn Mexico". Film, Public Rdlations Coitimittee, "All Flesh Is Grass". 2:00 p. it.-Sceniic Boat Trip treee hours) .,.City Yacht Basin, Bayfront Park Saturday, January 7 9:30 a. im.-Call to Order. ....Municipal Auditorium Addresses: Stephen H. Hart, Attorney, National Livestock Tax Committee, "Income Taxes of the Livestock Producer"; Wallace F. Bennett, President. National Association of: Manufacturers, "A Vital Prograit for American industry". Conittee reports. Election of officers. Selection of next place of meeting. UInifinished business. Adjournment. 7:30 1). mi.-Aninial Banquet ..M unlicpal A utditorimlu 9:00 1). im.-Floor Show ..Municipal Auditorium 10:00 p. Pi.-Dancing ...AMfi municipal Auditorium The Florida Cattlemian KISSIMMEE 18 a

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being provided by Indian River Citrus growers a ld D te-Broward milk producers, respiectively. All convention sessions. and most of die iCiteulrtaimlilnlt ae scheduled in tle Milniepal Auiltoriumi iin Miai's Bayfront Park-right across the street froii tile string of hotels which will house .oiiVetitionl delegates. officia s of tile A eria n Nat 10nl hiave made it clear t hat all interested persi )ns are Welcomin e to atteind tile coliveiitioll sessions. whether they are members of the American National or one of its affiliated state orgaiiizatious or not. Upwairds of 110(0 registrations have bt et i ved aIralv dy > the conve tion, according to upuis. Floridians are expected to make the westerners feel at hoiiie in their first Imeeti hg east of the Mississippi in 52 years, and Dupuis urges all who can to attend. Registration room will be located in the lobby of the McAllister Hotel, anti reception rooms for ladies and men are ioCated in that hotel also. Ihose who arrive without advance reservations can get help front the registration officials. Message of Anerican National President A. A. Smith, in calling the conveiition, states ill art: "At the beginning of a new year which also marks the opening of a new half cntUry, the cattlemen of the United States can look into the future with coilsiderable confidence Vhile it is unquestionably true that there will occur adjustimeiits and Irice tlpsets which will cause temporary Concern and financial stress, the ]ong-ti n outlook most certainly can be considered satisfactory to the beef producers of our nation. "The demand for beef is good and is continiually improving. Our increasing population gives assurance of an ever-expanding market for our product. "Livestock agriclttire is getting recogition as a soil fertility conserving practice, which fact is improving our position in the estimation of the public "The threat of loss from disease and parasites is being constantly lessened through progress in scientific research and education. All things considered I believe the Anttican cattlenman can step into the second half of the 20th century with faith in the future of the beef cattle indtstrv. A IARim u-ct; fleatUred the annual lmeeti ii Of tile Pasco County Cattlemleiis Associal field at the f air grounds near Dade City Decen3eil I ). Ilo Broiison of K issi nnee, president of the Florida State Cattlemiiell's Association, Jay B. Starkey of Largo, vice president of that gro up, and P. E. Williamns, past FSCA president, Were featUre speakers. FLORIDA RANCHERS w it h a F e l o o w R an c h m an at During The American National Livestock Association Convention at MIAMI January 4, 5, 6 and 7 --E 0M R 6 H 0T M a m F~o ri d a ~ ---_ / -~merican National Livestock Association Conviention January 1950O Bring Your Branding Irons And Burn Your Mark On Free Souvenir Plaque Old Fashioned Ranch House Special Low Rates To Fellow Florida Hospitality Ronchmen Attending The Convention Comfortable, Airy, Twin Bed Double Room, Modern Rooms. Combination Bath and Shower Each With Private Bath Per Person .$4 to $6 and Shower Triple Bed Room WFinest Fo uors (Single Beds, 3-to-a-Room) Wine an Liqors Combination Bath and Shower Coffee Shop Per Person ....$3 -and Cocktail Lounge Single Room, Combination ..Air Conditioned Bath and Shower ....$7 Please make your reservations early so your Free Souvenir Plaque will be ready for your Branding Iron. S. W. Ist St. & 2nd Ave. Joe H. Adams, manager Owner of The JA Ranch, Indian Town, Florida Don't Miss An Issue! One Year, $2.00; Two Years, $3.00; Four Years, $5.00 The Florida Cattleman BOX 891 KISSIMMEE, FLA. Registered Dark Red Blocky DUROC BOARS AND GILTS Gatrell Duroc Farms and Gatrell and Moore Fairfield, Marion County, Fla. Cattleman Advertising Pays Storm-Proof DUROCS Jin calls 'en-and can they take it! Pigs and pigs from 25 proven prolific soiss and carefully selected gilts bred to our top boars, the 700 lb. Master Ace 2nd from Paul Agre; the Broadaniobilt grandson Master Lad. from Harry Boglcs. Beardsley Farms IIIWAYS 25 & 80 o CLEWISTON, FLORIDA for January, 1950

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Give Your Cattle "THE BEST" Hundreds of satisfied and pleased cattle owners are using MAXCY'S RANGE MINERAL regularly as a balanced and complete feeding supplement for their herds. Also, many other cattle owners are rapidly becoming users of MAXCY BRAND CATTLE PELLETS. These popular and well known items are of indispensable value to you in supplying lacking elements on your range. Please get in touch with us so that we can help you with your feeding problems. E. R. JOHNSTON, MGR. MAXCY FERTILIZERS, INC. FROSTPROOF FLORIDA FENCE POSTS COWPEN POSTS AND PILING Lightwood-wvrite or wvire for prices, stating quantity. D. W. ROWELL BOX 913 STUART, FLA. SUGAR-SWEET Pulp, rich in its own natural fruit sugars, is higher in total digestible nutrients*, higher in ni t >ogen -free ex~ tract", lower in fibcr** less dusty and more palatabte than plain citrus pulp. .75.0%k to 74.V'% for Plain. Cruide Protein o6.0%), same as Plain, and Crude Fat (2.5%), saine as Plain. PASCO PACKING COMPANY Dade City, Florida I-or informolion and samplles write J. S. Farrior, Citrus Feed Division. Polk Col1n5y 51ato /l eSe hall lb ir 1111nal association Meetinog in Bartow reCenIhly. Upper panel, P. E. 1WilliamOs, smesmber of the committee for the Amneriran -National Livestock .-ssociation convention in Miami 7anay -, received Polk (louni's / 5u chiek toarsyd Consvention expense front Htiioh Alexander of lIahe Wales, left. as President Belt Hill Griffin of Frostproof and Vice President A. V. W hidden of Bret-t'ser look on. Lower panel, 7ew7y e (((led officers pOSC for the (ameraian, left to rtit, Secre/II 7-T1re1asu trer IrIur Bisset/ of Waveal Presidenul ii ,idden, and Vice President Wi. 1l. 1)orrance of For eadc. Hidden Elected Polk President At Annual Meet E. W. N Brewster as elected President of the Polk County Cattlemen's Association at a Bartow session recently at which the group voted S5o toward the American National Convention at Miami -nur*i7and S1 200, over a twio-year period, toward construction of the Proposed I-H camp at Lake Placid. Whidden. who hias served as vice president for the past yar, succeeds Ben Hill Griffin of Frostproof wil is now vice president of the Florida State Cattleieo's AssoCiation. W. J. Durrance of Fort Meade is new Polk County vice president, while Art Bissett of Waverly was elected secretary-treasurer. P. E. Willianis of Davenport, past president of the FSCA, told the group about the national convention. Association directors elected at the meeting are: C. C. Peters of lake Wales, A. G. McMillan and Minor S. Jones III of fort Mfeade, Dave Tiurner of Bradley J11ilctiou, B. 1. RCVi1lS Of' \Ubtrndali;, Donald McLean and Stuart of Bartow, Griffin, and Wear.' + Advertise!+ Welcome Visitors to the American National convention, Miami Jan. 4-7 We have a number of ranch properties suitable for commercial or purebred livestock operation, including50,000 ACRES ditched and drained and low taxes Others up to 150,000 acres James E. Mozley Realtor St. Cloud, Fla. The Florida Cattleman Is WATER CONTROL a problem on Your Pasture ? We offer construction services for ditching, dyking, water control structures, and other types of engineering construction. Contact JARCO CORP. Contractors and Engineers J. A. Riviere, President 209 So. Orange Ave. Ph. 31141 or 21302 BOX 3468 ORLANDO 20

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Connell Is Winner at Citrus Fair TwVo CONNFI, S-IoCK FARMS entities twol Irl nd (lh~lpi0Inship~s it] 0hC CitruLs Co y F irstock show eld at lnverMIss NoibiiCr 21-26. Dr. Oliver F. Go0(2n, extenSionl ;Mimal husbandnum,1111 jitdged the cviit. 1The Coiitell citrics, both Hcre'fords. 1 eTe CSF" D011 131an101md 201/h and CSF Donnla Dfllnchard 13/h. Slilal num11bers of Aberdceen-Allgus, Brahmilan anld Holsteits fattlc w r sh w ill addition to thc Hlerefords. In addition. to C onic ell, joii ih ac .Bird of IHeralido aticipt'd it the Hereiord (ompei)ltiti(lin. A\glis we(re exhibited lIl)Ihi Wooiid Raiii l a Cr'vstmit River, Id ii D'I arre'll Sin f lit o Ilrieiiilss show51( the toll Bi'mlainii elitry and C. C. V. BtlillV. lso o"I Ii-SS, lso exhibited Brahm iiia s. Duiroc swiiie wire sllo\\w1'i n y igh]t exhibitors: JoiD Caniiii oF -ollmlitSasst Spirimgs, F. W. Ilarrisoii of Floral City F. C. Joilistoli ;md Wenidell S)ivey of lilnverlcs. Josepl l'etty (.1-1H) of Iccan1to, Jesse Black (FFA) of' Crystal River aiid iveriess FFA Ciaptirs. ANIERICAN NAimoNA. CONVENTION 1ill be inal n i an ary ,17. Con/ell Stlok Fariiis shozled thesc ai I(,'lfcords to ch(llam)iohm1ips il /mat dlivls5o10a] 1t/ Ci 'is (Colytliy Fair recently. Upper panel shozs CSF Do n I allchard 20t euc ilp.l bull, thije bejojV is Pi(tur*ed CSF Dolina Blanichard lgth, cham-i Pionl female. Aids Posture Development SHREDS WEEDS .SAVES GRASS Improved Heavy-Duty MODEL 50 CUTS AND SHREDS Corn Stalks Cotton Stalks Grain Stubbles Potato Vines Pea Vines Weeds Broomcorn Rice Stubble All are shredded ..add humus to your soil, aid aeration, add tilth, hold moisture. SEE IT AT YOUR DEALERS OR MAIL COUPON TODAY When weeds grow higher than the grass in your newly seeded pasture. Wood's Rotary Cutter will get the weeds and save the grass. Set your Wood's Model 50 at any cutting height desired. It will shred weeds and grass into small chaff-like particles that mulch your soil, help hold moisture and nourish new grass. I JOHN A. TABIT 2 1 I Florida Rep. for Wood Bros. Mfg. Co. I Belle Glade, Florida Send mne Free Folder with table of nutrients in crop residue and information on Wood's Heavy-Duty lodel 50 Rotary Cutter. Name Postolce it It StateI FARMS RANCHES A. R. RICHARDSON MORTGAGE LOANS REAL ESTATE T!Telepn 17i8 1. 0. Box 852 CUT-OVER TIMBERLANI)S TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA MAKE HAY -RAIN OR SHINE Tihat lush langola griss in your paste now will be fine feed in the barn net winter tith io loss and iio spoilage. Bale your hay green, core it in the harit with a FARM HAYDRIER S'e 01 Iu list inttalatioi iii operti 11 at Connell Stock Farm, Inivencss, Florida-the most efficint firni drier ii Florida to Laitc. Driers Designed, Built, aiid Installed. FREDRICK W. AIIRANO. Agricultural Engineering Serivce. 335 S. Roper Ase. 1hone 2151 -W, Gainesville, Fla. for January, 1950

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PASTURE GRASSES Ag Building Next, Miller Says at Range Station Field Day November 11 Qual64, Bahia Bermuda Carpet Clover Crotolaria Dallis Fescue Hairy Indigo price Harding Hegari Lespedeza Lupine Rhodes Seed Oats Seed Rye Sesbania Sudan Vasey Winter Rye Service HAILE-DEAN SEED COMPANY "The House That Reputation Built" Office: 53 E. Church St. Warehouse on ACL tracks ORLANDO FLORIDA Phone 8246 AGRICtIURAL FACLrrlES have tie to ) priority lor) new cons[ P a t ioni at the University of Florida after p resent iwork is completed, Dr. J. Hillis Miller, presitlettt of the University, told several hundred visitors at the aninal field day of the Range Cattle Experiment Station at Ona. Speeches started the program which was broken by a barbecue, prep)arcd b\ tlc Hardee County Cattlemen's Association, and concluded with a tour of the station's pIstures and cattle herds. President Miller, potinting out that the Uttiversitv is the second largest in the South, declared it was a disgrace to Florida that the University has not had funds to provide laboratories and other facilities needed for agricultural research. Cattlemen Iearted that the Rantge Cattle Station has 1)rodluced the mtost beef per acre (aod over a seven year 1triod) with Carpet anl ClovetIasture fertiized with Phoslhorus, Potash a nd CalCitit with mitior elements-cop>>er, zinc atid manganese. This pasture has 1sroidt:ced a yearly beef gail p)er acre of 275 p1Otl(1.S Siiilar results (over a two Xear period) were obtaitned with the SimIlte grasses ai1d the same fertilizatioo except with borax added to the ittttor cicien is. Other grasses sr1oducing o ver 1oo 1)oundIs per acre gaiu itcludled Torpedi, with comt1plete fertilizer (t28 pouIds) Pensacola Balhia with coniplete fertilizer (8 pIunds): Coastal Berniida with cmls Iete fertilizer (136 pounds): Pangola with complete fertilizer (165 potuids) gg Bermuda with complete fertilizer (157 pounds) Vascy with cornplCte fertilizer ( 132 pounds). Calves out of Braliman darns by Shorthori bulls showed the highest da ilv gati in records kept ot calves front date of birth until Septetbier 149. 17 01 these calves, averaging 13(lays old. weiglied f2 putdlls for a tain of 378 )ounds, or a gain )tr day of igG 1)o1uds. Calves (it of Grade Devon and I "ereford damns, iy a Brahnan bul averaged 181 days old, we igted 4o5 psuids for a total gaini of 33j and an average gain per day of 1.84 pounds. Called out of Grade Brahman dans by Polled Shorthorn bull averaged 217 (lays old, weighed an average 4i2 pounds for a total gain, of 350 Or i61 poItunds per day. Calves out of Grade Devon, Shorthorn, Hereford and Brahman dams by a Brahmian sire were i8o tlays old, on the Iverare, weighed '6"1 IpoItrtn(lS for a gail o 208 JIoulids OF 1.66 pnr djay. Pasture (ondition oi the two lower groups was no t Is ood s oil i the wo grIoutps which gaitied imlost. The statiol also reported that buril"g and supl)lsl(lei)ntal feedirtg of grajelruil and (ottosee( I elts I I urther reduce(l the miiieral collnsuimpr~tion. As usuai the Ranige (attlc Experiiment Station's Fild Dyt lt Onia Ittrac ted a large and enithusiastic crowd. Upper panel, Dr. 7. Hillis Miller, Universily of Florida president, addresses the group. Center panel shows part of the crowd watching crossbred groups which are being isostured and fed in different ways. Bottom panel Pictures the registered Brahmai herd oined by the Station. The Florida Cattleian 22

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Economist Says Livestock Outlook Good for 1950; Beef Demand Will Stay Up by F. W. PARvIN, EtvCtx 1Onomist Ftorida Agricultural Extension Service FROM WHERE WE ARE Sitting now, it seems as though Florida cattlem ten are still in a favored position insofar as the prosPcts for 195o atre concerned-favored when compared with other Floridia livestock producers and farmers. We think the producers of Florida beef are in a favored position because theirs is one of the commodities least likely to show any apprciable drop in price in 195o. (Florida milk is another.) Here are our reasons for thinking that: In the first place, there is little chance that there will be any larger amount of beef produced in the United States itnt 15t thanl was produced in j94q. Beef cattle numbers are being rebuilt, in the country as a whole, after a five-yeartd-cline in cattle population. As all beef cattlemen know, it's a mighty hard job to increase cattle population and beef production during the same period. (Actutta1ly, that happened il 1 919, but it was becattse Of the fact that animals oti feed were fed to much heavier weights to use tu) the huge quatities of relatively cheap feed.) Increasing beef cattle tttntibers will ican more beef a few years from now. but not in t95t. So, ott the supply side of the picture there will probably be very nearly the same mt 1ount of beef going to marketpounds of beef, that is-in 1950 as there was ill 1949. As far as the demand for beef is c-Ilcerned, the situation at this time is better than we would have believed was in the cards a few months ago. A year ago, for instance, lost of usI believed that the year q949 was to be the year of adjustmlsents from the high level of prices and iciomes following World War II. None of ts, of course, knew how bad the aljttstmetnt Would be. We didn't think it would be as bad as the adjustment period of 192o, after World War I-prices fell 5o liercent ther-bult we didn't know. Today, prices and gen-eral busi ness atctivity IsaVc dcclited less thal 20 percent. Few people got hurt in this period. and utility people didn't even feel the adjustment. The money working men take homie at the end of tile week or month is the Imoney housewives use to buy beef steaks and hamburger. Of course, they also tse that money to buy babies' shoes, make a pasymisetit oIl the stove, and pay the rent. But it looks tiow as though the incomes of working people woult fall very little in 195o. In other words, there should be about as much "beef money" in the family food budget in 1950 as there Was in 1949. That, in its simplest terms, is demand. For the next few tionths, prices of Florida cattle should remain steady and perhaps even rise somewlat-it's a seasonal mtovenitift. For 195o, we believe that cattle prices won't average far below the corresponding period of 1949for tomparable glades of cattle. The outlook for beef cattle in Florida theti: Production, about the samoe in 1950 tas qij4: price, only slightly below 1919. The hog situation presents a somewhat different picture. As lotig as the old sow cart produce two litters a year with 5 to to pigs per litter, it's possible to increase pork production in a hurry. Aid that is certainly ocCUrring. In 1948, for instance, 85 million pigs were saved. With the incentive of a big feed crop, the pig crop was upped to ()6 million in 1949. There is every reason to believe that a further inlicese is its prospect for 1950. As far as pork production is concertined, the live weight of hogs slauglitered in 1918 was j.1.8 billion pounds for the country itas a whole. In1949, it looks as though the total will reach almost 15.5 billion-an increase of about 41 parent. Some of the tieat experts in Washington look for another increaseperhaps 8 percent-in 195o. That would mcan in the neighborhood of j6.5 billion pounds of pork-live weight-in 1950. Of course, that 1950 figure is guess work, but it's based on. the fact that pork producers almost always increase their production when the relationship betweeti the price of corn and the price of hogs is as favorable as it has been since the first big corn crop of 1948. There are a couple of points that prevent an even larger increase in pork production. In the first place, facilities tot farms are too limited to take care of very many more sows and their pigs, and in the second place there is a certa inty of a support price on the 1950 corn crop, while supports oti meat aitimsals are only "pertmissible"-not msandatory. So the outlook for Florida hog lproducers for 1950 is: Plenty of pork production and prices below 1949, probably CASE BRUSHLAND DISC HARROW The "M" series Brushland Harrow was specifically designed with Florida conditions in milind-the tough job U of reclaiming cut-over land, bogs, flood land and the like. The shearing action of its big cut-away disk blades will sever brush, roots and small tree trunks ...working the mass of vegetation down into the surface of the soil and preparing a usable seedbed. It may be fitted with broad mold-board scrapers for sticky soils, or with weight boxes for tough sod. The Brushiland Harrow is ideal for improving permanent pasture and rangeland. It has the strength and cutting power to tear up root-bound sod for the seeding of improved grasses and the cut-away disks ride over obstructions without delay or breakage. Stocked in Orlando, along with the tractors to pull them. MEDLOCK TRACTOR COMPANY 1130 West Central Ave. Phone 2-3460 ORLANDO FLORIDA AT PERSONS Whether you spend you r time in the saddle, walking or driving, you'll appreciate the built-in comfort and distinctive styling of a l-yer Boot. Made in N the West for men in the West for 74 years. Come in today and try on a pair of fine Hyer Boots.PERSONS, INC. KISSIMMEE FLORIDA for January, 1950

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CATTLEMEN'S SUPPLIES Rubberized Pommel Slickers Johnson Whips Justin Boots Bona Allen Saddles Rubber Pads Rico Dip Burdizzo Emasculators Write for our new Cattlemen's Catalog W. B. MAKINSON CO. KISSIMMEE FLORIDA LYKES BROS., INC. PACKING PLANT Meat Packers DAILY CASH MARKET FOR YOUR LIVESTOCK TAMPA WEAR THE BOOT -THAT'S THE "CHOICE OF THE WEST". .. Cowboy Boots Westex Boot is Hand Lasted. have Hand-Pegged Shanks. shanks are used, assuring solid support. Only choice Center Cuts of, Skins ae used in Vamps and Tops. WESIEX BOOT$ SHORE'S MENS WEAR KISSIMMEE, FLA. Shorthorns thrive on the good pastures at Beardsley Fa ris nea r Clewi~son. 'Iis Trol)p of matro s s grazm I .i the shelter of the dike which rings mich of Lake Oheechobee. at or near support levels (quite often, if hogs are supported. Florida dairymen arc facing another good ycar in 1950. In that respect they are in a much better position than their fellow dairymen in other states. Of course, Florida's dairy situation is untque-in that it is am ost entirely a fluid milk deal. Relatively little of Florida's total milk production goes into the lowerpriced by-product markets. There is a ready market for all the milk being produced here now durin the school and tourist seasons-and at good prices. It should be recognized here that any substantial expansion of dairymin in Florida must face the problem of having tutich of that expansion move into the surplus by-product markets-dUring the summer months. at any rate. Florida dairymen welcomed the substantial drop in feed prices in i q0c. because feed is a highly important cost-ofprodction iteti with them. Only slight drops from the 4 levels cait be expected in 1950. 'here is little likelihood for an increase in the supplies Of high protein feeds for i95o. The outlook. then, for dairying in Florida for i95o is giiid-with pr ices about as high as iol49. deniand fully as gotcd, atn(d slightly lower feed costs. Washington Yield High VASHINGT;ON COUNTY JayCees heard that farmers in the county are averagingg about two gallons of fluid milk per day over a ten-mottli period" from each of their cows when County Agent H. 0. Harrison spoke to the group recently at Cliipley. At the present price of milk, Harrison said, this would make the gross income from one cow per year around St25. Guernseys and Jerseys are most popular in the county. Mid-Florida 4-H Dairy Show Held On November 17 'MD-FLORIDA 1H Dairy Heifer Show, held in Orlando Nov. 17, resulted in blue ribbon winners from each of the five counties participating. Roy Roberts of Orange County vwas high man in the contest, blit other blue ribbon win ners were Frank Gutteridge, Ann Davidson and ic ewis MTeer of Polk, Vernon Thomas and Dale Metz of Orange, Fred Conner, Arvid Johnson aind Billy Nutt of Lake, Edwin McGougli of Osceola and Ediwin Mayfield of Volusia. Youngsters iere graded not only on their atinials bnt on showmanship, fitting and conditioning and record book by Dr. S. P. Marshall aind C. AV. Reaves of the University off Florida, IV. J. Nolan of Jacksonvill, Carroll W;card of Winter Park and K. S. 'XcMtillen of Gainesville. Jt""ior judging c"ttest was won bi Polk County, followed by Lake and Voltisia Nowak Elected Head of Eseambia Breeders F. 0. NowA\K of Cantotnent is new president of the Escambia Count)' Artificial Breeders' Association following an election held in Pensacola recently. Other officers are W. P. Duncan, vice president, and Dr. J. R. Love, secretarytreasurer. Directors are Nowak, Duncan, Craiwford Rainwater, A. E. Nowlin, 1E ugene Sunday, L. G. Foster, and John Atkinson. During the fiscal year ending Novemher 1, 1919, 542 cows were bred by artificial insemination in Escambia Coutty, Agricultural Agent E. N. Stephens told the group. The Florida Cattleman 24

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Hampshire, Duroc Sales Scheduled FLORIDIANS W11,1, HAVE alopportunlititY to buy both IHlaipshires and Durocs at public auction auction within the next two mllonths Dr. C. L. Adams of The Adais Company, Live Oak, has announced a sale of 5o registered I anpshires to be lield at his farIm near Lake City on Iebruary 16, while tile. Southeastern Duroc Bre-eders' Association hInas announced its 1959 regional sale at lie livestock antdittori tillt in Valdosta, Ga., ott January 2-4. The Valdosta sale will be preceded by a show which will start at 10:00 si. in. The sale begins at 1:00 p.i., and will feature sale of -10 bred gilts frotn niany of the South's leading herds, according to Charles E. Bell of Athens. Ga., secretary-treasurer of the organization. Adaiis Company's sale will include 20 bred gilts, bred to Mast'r Bill, the production registry boar which tile herd recently acquired. 10 of the animlials C(oisiged will be boars of all ages. atd tile renaindcr of the 50 aiiinils will be ipeti gilts. TJhe \Atiits fartit is IrOtitel tItnlr onehall iile west. of Lake City on the Lake Jeflery Roat. Sale tilc is 1:30 p. ill. Gatrell Places High On Duroc Breeding List G Dllo O itDt oo FA s, S owniitd andil pIelated 6y Hel try Gatrell and his soil, Fted, if Fiirfi-ld, was snoritletd this week byth nation' Dur()( Swinebrdes wltet it was disClosetl that they havt' itt-l third i lheir respective hierl SIassil icatiot thirouighout the nation. The latest issue of tile Dutc Asews, oll icial organ of the mitited Duro RecOtt A\sotiatio, discloses that the Gatrell I)tro 1st i-ins registered a total of 126i 1) tii'rits during 19-19. This places thet i ititly v pigs front tle top of' the list it th'elassilication of herds living from seveNI to I I sows. Other classifications in whit t the top fiVe places are inuiCetd' anuAlIy are herds having six stiws and under and those having 15 sows and over. Tlie Gati-ells have for maty years been outstanding in Duroc breeding accomplishimtents. ThI'e tnext big event in which their show herd will be featured will be the switie show at tie Tampa State Fair. MNlOst if the swinec breeders recognized itt tlt' classification Itientionted above were Ifsist tile corn belt section of the 'M\hilWest and Mountain Coe h-a-itt of Kel-i htsintn Ga., was tInth onl) other breeder w1) the South recognized. Florida' s Favorie STETSO N "The Floridian" ..built especially for Florida ..the best for Florida wear. jUst right amount roll to side of brim, popular 3 inch width ...right amount Beaver fur to stied rain BOY'S STETSON TOO ...just like Dad's. the kind every good cattleman knows and wants. For Dad 3 X Beaver Buckskin and Floridr Tan ---$18.00. Double Durable 4 X Beaver in Cream color --$30.00. Sizes: 6-3/4 to 7-5/8. For Boys same colors at $7.50. Sizes: 6-3/8 to 7-1/8. Use coupon below and order now for immediate delivery. BOYS ...BOYS ...BOYS ADAMS CITY HATTERS THE BOY'S AUTHENTIC GENUINE STETSON Adams City Hatters, Tampa, Fla. PIlease send Mcn's Floridian Stetson; Size. Color. at $. Boy's size. Color. at $. Name Address .................... Note: Postage paid on this end if cash, check or money order comes with order. C.O.D. charges added. 620 Tampa Street, Tampa, Florida "Catering to Florida Cattlemen" for January, 1950 i r iz Master Bilt 5C REGISTERED HAMPSHIRES TO BE SOLD FEBRUARY 16 1:30 P. M. At The Far, 20 Bred Gilts, bred to Master Bilt shown above, and other champion and outstanding boars, will be included in this sale along with 10 boars from weaning age to service age. The Adams Co., Inc. Live Oak, Florida Farm located i mile west of Lake City on Lake Jeffery Road

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Atbefterstores. Frname ofneareit daler rite:Dept. 3-A I I HALPERN & CHRISTENFELD, INC. 101 W. 21st St., N. Y.-1401 S. Broadway, L. A., Calif. MESKER PREFABRICATED STEEL BUILDINGS For The Farm Fire Resistant Weathertiht Durable Siro MANY USES Fruit-Vegetable Sheds 9 Barns e linplemeit Sheds Packing Sheds e Tool Sheds 0 Slippiig Terminals GEO. L. MESKER STEEL CORP. (Since 1879) EVANSVILLE 8, INDIANA Use COOPER'S COOPER-TOX A live stock dip or spray to eradicate and control all species of lice and ticks, horn flies, mosquitoes, etc. on cattle, hogs, sheep, goats, horses, mules, etc. One dipping or spraying kills all species of insects, then gives protection against reinfestation for periods of three to four weeks. Obtainable from your local dealer W. 1). LAMOTTE, Distributor 1'. 0. Box 2164, TAMPA, FLA. RODEO Set For Orlando In February Results of Perry, Okeechobee, Newberry events are listed SU cClslSFtlL llonis lave been held in Perry, Oktechiobet and Newherry recenitly. and anlouceiient has been made of a boiur-day event whiId iay be tht largest in Florida which is sieduled in Fbrularv tIti g Orlando's Central Flori(ia Exposition. The Orlando event. whicl will be (litected biy E. Pardee of Palatka, is billed to be a fast-novi ng rodeo fron start to fillisli with sonIc of the nation's top cowIoys to compete. Pardee is a veteran producer, both in Florida and in other states, as well as a leadinJig cotestanlt. Okeechobee's rodeo, produced by Buck Lee and Jamics Hill November i and 13, resulted in Pete Clemons of Kissinnice winning calf roping, Bobby Boulter of ampa biulldogging, Earl Walters of Peekskill, N. Y., bronic riding( and Homer Harris of Meridian, Miss., bull riding. Winners at Newberry's rodeo, Novelnber 19-20 produced by Pardee, were: Par(lee (call roping), Gary Hopkins of Kissimenie (bareback bronc riding), Vick Blackstone of Parish (tean roping), Pete Baker of Kissimmee (bull riding), Spike Bronson of Kissimmee (bronc riding), and Speedy Dinsmore of Takoma, Nebr. (bulldogging). At Perry November 11-12, jimmy Alder of Kissimmee won bulldogging, Bob Mohawk of Perry topped bronc riding, Stanley Cannon of Perry won in bull riding, Albert Barthle of San Antonio won calf roping and Glen McKinney of Okeechobee topped steer decorating. Approximately (ooo attended the rodeo produced by I'. J. Faircloth and W. F. Faulkner. Winners at the three rodeos, listed in order by events, were as folows: ANcewberry Finals Calf Roping-Pardee (19.2 and 20 sec.); ob Cobi, Silver Springs; Scotty Bagnell, Acle, Mont.; Blackstone Bareliack Brionc Riding-H-opkins; Paul Finnerty, \'initat, Oikla. ; Baker: Babe Asiton Bunneiill ioriic I ,diCg-Boson; iagnclI; Cleios, Blackstone; Bi"l"dogging-insmiore (7.5 and 7.4 sec.), Steve icacock. Idaho Falls, Ida.; Jack Kennedy, Kissiime; Blackstone; Train Roping-Blackstone (28.9 and 27.6 sec.); iHal M ils, Chielland; Cobb; Clemons: Bll I Riding-Baker; Kennedy; Billy Hand, Kissiii ec; Mickey Micaca, Calgarcy, Alberta, Can. Uniid,'yitified Cow pince/ir ties his (alf (it Me IiC i i(((o spoils ()*C bY I/Ir (c'o/a :oiit, .V'lV('i 'Viis Jiidiiig, (/ib ini conIetion wit/ thc Ie Kissinmee Va Uey Livesto(h N/owiW. (P/holo by Simopsoni) Ohec/iobce Finals Calf Roping-Cleions; Blhikstoic: (Icin Murplh: A/oii Park: Ralph Collier, Coleman, Tex.; BIulkigging-Boullcr: Fulton Davis, Okeechobee; Mo fpli; Blackstone; Hoer iris, Okeechobec, and Floyd Lingle, Okeechobee (lied for fifth); Broii In( Riding-Walteirs; jack Yale, Amarillo, Tex.; Aslitol; Dalis; Buill Riding-Harrris; Pcarlce Jones, Okeeclibec; Howard Crouci, Okeechoiee; Bronson; Perry Finals Bulldogging-Alder; Buck Lovier. lerry; Barthle; Mills; Boolter; Barne Batnes. ecrr; Bron Riding-Mohawk; Cannon; Jack Spade, Perrv; Frog Brumley, Peryl; Bull Riding-Cannon; Paul Stokes, Tampa; Spade; j ike Russell, Perry; Calf Roping-Barthle; BoddN M afford, Kissimmee; McKinine; Hlenry Lee Reaves. Quitian, Ga.; Steer Iecorating-McKinne .Mills; Mcfford; llacilile. Brangus Association Is Started in Oklahoma AN AMERICAN BRANGUS Breeders' Association has been forined at Vinita, Okla., to register aninials which are ,4/8 Braliman and 5/8 Abierdeein-Aiigtis, according to Bill Edwards, secretary. 5o breeders comprise the charter mlemlbers. Foundation stock which will be registerccd by the association, ill additioli to Brangis themselves, will be purebred Brahmans, purebred Angus, quarter bloods, half bloods and three-quarter bloods. The Florida Cattleman 26

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~h~7 Iobl Sapp showed 1his b/Ill to grand ('11/ilo 3)al it / Mhe Hfillsvorol I Junior Shows ((ot/in ine'( fromi1 p1( is) was gelter-il t airm iltlt whtilc C(tnilt Agent Pill H1ayIMIn %%,Is secretary-treas~ urer. mneilcs, histed in or-der by classes or events 111less othenv-ise ]](ted,. were as fiillowts: l'nln, Cit, Dair tltamii nshis-Gleni MRast. Ihonotoss;; A\rlrn Wolheringtonl, Plant C:ity: Swin Cthamnt ship-T Creek FFA C;rpter; Showmlanlship-Wolh ringtonl: Biobby Sapp: Ilvathc: Getrald Rogrrs; Cattle groomting-dlw-ard Fertit; "FA beetidging-Brandonl: Pklnt Cit ; Wimlallma; Turkry Creek and Franklin jniot High St1i01 :tf t Tapi (lied for fourth): FFA dairy jtidging-i'laint (ity; Franklin junior High Sciool; Torkey Creek: Brandon; 41-1 turf jodging-Plant City Boys 4-11 C11b; jIrscy i[ciei--Bloe ribbons, Anne Davidson (4H) Aborndale. Bobby Hearn (4-iH) iartow, mI otas Bord (4-1) Eloise, Donnie Perkle (4-11) Winston. Fraik loney (FFA ) Fort Meade, George Evans (FFA) Fort Meade, Tomy Tlornhill (4-11) Winter itaen. Robert O'Neill (4-H1 two entries) itaiines (it, Pai lhorihil (4-H4) Diindee, Frank Gotteridge (4-11) Atiburntdale, Janes Thitornhill (4-1H) Winter Haven, Bartow FFA, Edwin Aikinson (FFA) Katilleen, Ria) Ircer (FFA) Ilaritt-, Tomm ioutto (FFA) Baitow, Glen Carpen.t(F4A) Bartow; JerstBtlls-Ble ribbon, Lloyd Harris (FFA) lilrttts; Grade Holstein Hleifer-Blune ribbon, Isbon Tellto" (4-l) Pierce; Grade jersey Hti fers-ilite ribbons, Frank Denmtark (4-11) Nledulla.i Akin Miller (FFA) KathIeen, Gordon liennessy (4-H1) Comibee, Harold Griffiti (4-1i) Anbtrttda;lc; 11-f Stecrs ill to 700 poundIIS-BlUe ribbons, 110i Gardner (4-1, grade Hereford) Lake Witle, 1101) \tsse) (4-4, Hereford) lake Wales, Lillian Congdon (4-H, Aligns) Haines City, Nien Glartdner (4-H1, Herieford) Lake Waides; Red ribbons, Cajrroll llarris (C radle Chia'roflais, two 4entrit5) Winter iHaieii Frank Totney (F1FA, grade Aligns) Fort NlMe Beef Sicers 700oo poundis-Blic ribbons, Cliarles iind Ilon Congdon (1-Hi, Iireford, three entries) Hines Cit), aIrrell Astii (4-H, Angis) Lake Wailes, Mallory Anderson (-,Hereford) Pierre, Luiither Feagin (FFA, Atigus) Bartow: Red ribFl-s, Pete Ilui s (FFA, Angos) Bartow, Bartow FFA' Cha'pter (Angus); 1950 Southeastern Regional DUROC BRED GILT SALE Livestock Auditorium VALDOSTA, GEORGIA TUESDAY, JANUARY 24 -SHOW 10:00 a.m. e SALE 1:00 p.m. (EST) Featuriuq 40 BRED GILTS From Many of the South's Leading Herds "QUALITY BRED GILTS ARE A SOUND INVESTMENT" This is your opportunity to secure choice breeding stock of proven bloodlines For Your Catalog Vrite SOUTHEASTERN DUROC BREEDERS' ASS'N CHAS. E. BELL, Secretary-Treasurer Extension Bldg., Athens, Ga. Daisy Cattle Markers Delivery one to three days Cattle Auction Every Monday Postpaid t iW NO. 21-FOI NECK. Ad Auto Auction Every Wednesday j,-table chain. NumrbereI tit I id-t. Plat ,ii. $11.50 NO' I2 FOP HORNS. Ad21Iilisborough .ac -pe Auction Market N DOUBLE PLATE NECK CHAIN. Upper 6811 Broadway-Ph. Y-1236-Rt. 3. Box 298 portion strap. Lo-vr portion chain. S12.50 per doz. Sample mailed for $1.00. Write for folder. Tampa, Florida I GOLDEN ARROW FARMIS Dept. CNI, Box 7 iHuntington, Indian For information about Write the Secretary FLORIDA DUROC BREEDERS' ASSOCIATION Box 404, Ocala, Florida REDODY KILOWATT SAYS: oleo1 fvaiUe. "Any Way You Look at it. SUNSHINE SERVICE is the BIGGEST BARGAIN in YOUR BUDGET!" FL9ItID ?0PLO4 tGiT COMMA~Y for January, 1950 Cattle Auction Every Monday. Hogs & Other Stock Every Friday. GAINESVILLE LIVESTOCK AUCTION MARKET 27

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TCCO PRODUCTS CATTLE SQUEEZE Original patented triple action headgate, all steel construction -spring balanced tail gatecompletely adjustable. CALF CHUTE All steel construction, welded together into one unit. Hind legs securely held by means of a fast operating rope ratchet. Distributed by NORRIS EQUIPMENT CO. Ocala Florida Write for Information. THOMPSON & GILL INC. Madera, Calif. Beef steers over 900 pounds-Blue ribbons, Charles and Elton Congdon (4-H1, Bralitan, two entries); Red ribbon, Charles and Elton Congdon (4-H, Angus); Hereford bulls-Blue ribbon, Harold McTeer (41-H) Haines City; Red ribbons, Chrystine Brown (FFA) Bartow,, Diight Smitlh (4-Hi) Lake Wales; Hereford heifers-Blue ribbons. Jack Henderson (FFA) Fort Meade, Niven Gardner (4-H1) Lake Wales; Red ribbon, John Gordon (FFA) Fort Meade; Biralman bulls-Carroll Harris, Bobb Griffin (4-H) Bartow, Billy Stua t (FFA) Bartow, Mtallory Anderson (4-H) PiertCe, Bobby Lee Moore (4-H) Mulberry; Red ribbons, Charles Congdon (4-H) Hlaines Cits, Anderson, Billy Keen (41-H) Lake Wales. Bill Berrentine (FFA) Bartow; Braliian heifeis-Cairoll Harris. Elton Congdon (4-H) Haines City, Eugene Griffin. Jr. (FFA) Barlow, Charles Congdon (4--H) laimes City, S:ommty Jasies (4-I-) Bartow. Bilky Stuart (FFA) Bartow: Red ribbotns, Bobbv (riffin, Otis Hines (FFA ) Bartow; Grade Hereford lei fer-Blue ribbon, Beth Cardner (4-H) Lake Wales; G trade A1Igus hieifer-Red ribbon, Gibby Mathis (4-H) Pierce: Grade Brahman heifer-Red ribbon, Jiuoy Ray Moore (4-H) Mulberry; Grade Brahman bull-Bartow FFA Chapter: Horsemranship-Joanine Kreps, Bartow; Niven Gardner, Lake Wales; Becky Freeman, Bartow; Tractor driving-Hoyt Page, Fort Meade; Atlee Davis, Bartow; Bobby Griffin, Bartow; Fred Hobbs, Kathleen; Harold Thompson, Dundee; Showmanship-Forest Smith, Lake Wales; Ann Davidson. Auburndale; Bobby Griffin. Bartow; Charles Congdon, Haines City: Frank Gutteridge, Auburndale; George Evans, Fort Meade; Luther Fs-sgi n, Bartowe; |-Fe Beef Jsttsging-Harold McTeer, Haines City; Sanford Shields, Lake Wales; Wyman Smith, Bartow; Billy Keen, Lake Wales: -H-1i Dairy julging-Frank Gutteridge, Auburndale; Lionel Brenneman, Medulla; Louis McTeer, Hais-s City; John Wetherington, Medulla; FFA Beef Judging-Billy Keen, Kathleen; Moi Fussell, Polk City; Billy Martin, Bartow; J imny Pollard, Fort Meade; SFFA Dairy Judging-Olan Cooley, Fort Mearde; Ken Fisher, Kathleen; Edwin Adkins, Kathleen; Ray Tucker, Bartow. Dam's Sire Important As Calf's Sire-USDA! THE 1DAM'S SIRE appears to be equally as important as a calf's own sire, according to results ott weight for age by the USDA at Beltsville, Md. Report on the work included a reference to work being tlone with Brahman crosses at the USDA station at Brooksville. Aim of the program is to find breeds and lines within bfeeds which are best suited to a locality in terms of rapid and uniform growth. Extremes of climate must be met by using types of animals either suited to a particular location by nature or by selective adaptation. Cross-breeding, the report says, is an integral part of the program, and in some instances this niethod has produced animals better adapted to certain localities. A tHOUGn tnE rattle fettcing law isn't effective until next Jine, cattle owners are already getting their animals off the roads, Governor Fuller Warren told other southern governors at their conference iin Biloxi, Miss., recently. Modern QUALITY TANKS An Ideal Way to Feed Molasses TANKS AND TROUGHS BUILT TO SPECIFICATION IMMEDIATE DELIVERY Contact Us for Inlormation MODERN Welding Company ORLANDO, FLA. Box 2041 Phone 3-1182 The Florida Cattlemnais eZ fi can be reached by\ telephone" Many business men who travel a lot have been known to operate their office by long distance telephone. Service is always quick-dependable and surprisingly inexpensive; especially on Sunday and after 6 P. M. But whether it's business or pleasure, long distance telephone service is your quickest, inexpensive way to keep in touch with people. -PENINSULAR TELEPHONE COMPANY FLORIDA owned and operated .. Supporters of Florida Cattlemen. Poultrymen and Dairy Producers LOVETT'S Food Stores Operated by the WINN & LOVETT GROCERY CO. General Offices: Jacksonville 28

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These men helped exetiute the last Quinc y E Fal Catle Show whose., 195o version is scheduled 7anuary 314-Fbr-uary 1. Left to righd, men pictured arec: L. H. Lewis of the State 11arketiong Bureau; C. IV. /hIn0ls, jtr. past president of the sponsor)ing West Florida Livestock Association; Dr. R.S. Glasscock of the University of Florida, last year's judge; and F. S. Baker of the North Florida Experiment Stalion at Quinlcy. Feb. 28-March 3 Dates Set for Southeastern 1)ATFS t tERI SET lot 1brUary 28 to March thus making the week of Februtary 26March I Soutleatstern festival week, at a recent tmecting of the Southeastern Fat Stock Show and Sale committee, at Ocala recently. With the ttamning of these dates the variots colmittees have put plans in motion to make this another banner attraction, according to General Manager Dave Baillie. The event around which the Southeastern festivities will be built is the Tenth Annual Southeastern Fat Stock Show and Sale. Premium list committee has completed prize lists for this event and they will be available at an early date. Some chances have been nade in the regulations, Baillie reports This annual event has in recent years become one of the most highly competitive steer shows in the Southeast, Baillie points out, anti altlsottgl the number of intimals exhibited has leclined recentlyy the quality of the exhibits has increased tremendously givinIg a good indication of the rapid strides ill the livestock progress. 'Tlhe Southeastern Fat Stock Slow and Sale, Inc., a local organization is guided by tle following officers and directors: W. E. Ellis, President; Landis Blitch, Vice-President; Harold Goforth, Secretary; H1. D. Leavengood, Treasurer; Davitl BIaillie, Jr., General Manager. Direct tars: Carlyle Atsley; B. B. Beck; "M1ank" Camp; L. K. Edwards, Jr.: Carl Hendricks: R. G. Herrmann; Dwight Phillips: Carl Rose and Denizel Ray. 519,0( Flt.ORIDA IIOGS produced income of S5,257,000 ill 1930-btt (i4o,ooo h sogs Produced S24,i87,ooO ill 1948. VERGLADES FLOOD CONTROL PLAN JACKSONVILLE 01S TICT CORPS OF ENGINEERS SCALE 1. I~LES JUST LOOK at what the Army and Local Flood Water Controls are doing for Smi ECHO BEE Our 7,500 acres are to be entire CANAL POINT surrounded by dykes with hu -pumps and controls to maintain t water table in the canal at t soPALM EACH proper level for agricultural pu SELLE GILAIDE t' poses. And, the newly created water co servation area to the North a West will protect our farm lon from cold northwest winds in t winter as Lake Okeechobee pr tects Belle Glade farmers. have what is probably the most va uoble 'winter forming area in a South Florida. FORT 0 D FOT LAUDERDALE LAUDERDALE PROrECTION AREA SMITH RANCH PROTECTION AREA YOU CAN BU DRMINAFE DRIC ALL or HALF of this 'DAIAG D~rICQacre ranch the foil g ways: pay all in cash, we will trade land for cattle; we will keep half interest or we will finance a 20 year mortgage. Inquire through your agent or to Smith Ranch. Box 591, Ft. Lauderdale. Florida. Phone 6142 'In addition to oil leases we have the largest acreage :of No. I lime and road rock in Broward County on Highway No. 27-a direct route to Lake Okeechobee, Our neighbor on the North. Diamorid W Ranch, with his registered cross bred herds of Brahma, Hereford, Africanda and Santa Gertrudis on cultivated pastures, has a ranch that is well worth seeing. 4 th ly ge he he rnnd ds he a(e Il1 IF 7.500 INVEST IN BEEF Before you buy a mock pasture anywhere, try fattening Yowr cattle on our maiden cane, para, sorghui and molasses. It is better to invest your money in quickgrowing, salable beef than to plow it under a long term inv estmient in pasture. You can sure your cattle but not vour pasture. Send for Cooperative Beef Fattening Contract. Smith Ranch, Box 591, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. Phone: 6142. Registered Detons We have a few two-year old and yearling bulls for sale COTTONDALE FLORIDA Devondale Farm W. W. Henley, Owner Congratulations Charles and Elton Congdon, Haines City, on showing the Grand Champion Steer at the 1949 Polk County Youth Fair. Thanks Peoples Savings Bank, Lakeland, for your support of the Fair, and your purchase of this steer at the Fair's top price of $1.05 per pound. This Hereford steer, weighing 1060 pounds at 19 months, was raised on his mother, on pasture, without creep feed until weaned and was never on a nurse cow. We are proud to have bred the Grand Champion again this year. THE CREEK FARM MINOR S. JONES IlIl for January, 1950 FORT MEADE, FLORIDA 29

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S WIFT AND COMPANY OCALA, FLA. Buyers of CATTLE AND CALVES Buyers Art Timerman, Phone 84 or 797, Ocala John Carlton, Phone 33095, Lakeland Don Stiens, Phone 84 or 388 Green, Ocala James McNeal, Phone 84, Ocala HEREFORDS The bloodlines of champions CONNELL STOCK FARM INVERNESS FLORIDA History Of Pangola Reviewed by E. M. HODGEs, Ona Range Cattle Experiment Station FROM A RIVFR IN AFRICIA to the pastures of Florida-this is the story of Pangola. 'Fhe first 1)rijlted record of this grass is in. the United States Dcpartmnclt of Agriculture. Inventory No. 123, issued ill january, 1 o. It shows that living plants of several grasses of the genus Digitaria were bought by plant introduction workers of the United States from Dr. 1. B. Pole Evans, of the DIepartment of Agriculture, Pretoria, South Africa. One of this lot of grasses came from the Pangola River area. The plants which were putrchased from Dr. Pole Evans were received in Washiington, D. C. on Md ay 17, 1935 hy Mr. H. N. Vinall of the Departtent of Agriculltre and plantted .in a green house. A year later plants of these differetit grasses, 25 inl number, were shipped to Mr. Geo. E. Ritchey. Agronomist, at Gainesville, Florida and set out there on April to, 1!36. One of them, given. the U. S. plant introduction number i i1,1to, was foind to have characteristics which suited it for forage )roduction under Florida conditions. Dr. J. R. Swallen of the Sntidtsonian Institute identified it as Digitaria decumbens, a close relative of coniunon Crab grass and Blanket grass. It was tried i I many places in this state before being released for public use and has now been found to he well adapted throughout peninsCtlar Florida. First known in Florida as Digit grass and Digitaria, this variety is now called Pangola. The same year as the introduction of Pangola, Mr. Ritchey received a closely related grass called Kurutnan. Thtis grass, also from South Africa, is blttegreen in color as compared to the darkgreen 0f Pangola and has a more woody sten. It is being grazed at present on a limited acreage at Brooksville but Mr. Ritchey reports that it does not compare in valtte to Pangola. Other plant relatives of Pangola that have been tried in Florida were included among seeds sent from South Africa by General Smttts to President Roosevelt. These were handled by tile U.S. D)epartnent Of Agriculture and sent to Mr. Ritchey in 1942. They Produced nothing of value for Florida conditions. Briefly, the record shows that living plants were collected near the Pan-gola River in South Africa and shipped to Have You A Hobby? Subscribe to the muagazine that caters to your special interest Per Year LIVESTOCK 2.00 Florida Cattleman 2.00 Southern Livestock Journal 2.00 Arizona Stockman 1.00 American C'attle Producer 1.00 The Sheepman 1 .00 Pac ific Stockmian 2.00 Polled Hereford 1.00 Gulf Coast Cattleman 2.00 Hog Breeder 2.00 Western Livestock Reporter, w. 1.00 Chester White (hog) World RABBITS 1.00 American Angora Rabbit Magazine 1.00 The Rabbit Raiser, on. 1.00 Angora Rabbit News 1.00 California Rabbit Magazine 1.00 Small Stock (rabbits only) 1.00 American Rabbit Journal OTHER SPECIALTIES 3.00 Modern Game Breeding pheas. 2.00 Canary Journal 2.00 Black Fox Mag., fox, mink 4.50 Tailwagger, m. (dogs) BEE MAGAZINES 2.00 Gleanings in Bee Culture, m. 2.00 American Bee Journal DAIRYING 1.00 Dairy Farmers' Digest FARMING 2.00 Farmers Digest 2.00 Sheep Breeder POULTRY 1.00 Cackle & Crow (poultry paper) 1.00 Pultry Billboard FRUIT 00 Eastern Fruit Grower 1.00 Better Fruit HORSES 5.00 The Horse (bi-monthly) breeding, schooling, training, horse sports 5.00 Rider & Driver, m., horses, sport, pleasure 2.00 Eastern Breeder, m. All magazines are monthlies except where otherwise noted. Prices are for one full year. Satisfaction is guaranteed. All orders are handled promptly and acknowledged. Rush your subscription today. Remit in any way convenient to you. Send for free catalog-hundreds more! Sample copies at single copy prices. MAGAZINE MART Dept. FC, Plant City, Florida The Florida Cattleman GOOD PEANUT H11AY $15.00 Per Ton Contact P. J. NOUFLEET Phone 2761 Newberry & Florida Alachua CoXunty 30

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Washington, D. C. inl "935. A year later tell plants of this and other introduictions were senit to Florida for testitlg. Tile Pantgola River variety proved to Mbe tile best of tile lot and from the to plants ill toj193 hiave comle thoultsaids of a(res of PI)angola past1re now prodticing feed for Florida cattle. Bull Sold for $65,000 at Noe Dispersal Sale ,SIX FEAIs anld Olle buIIl rom the Noe FarIs hlerd wiicl dispersed for a S1711 averae)1 Onl 152 lots NovemIber 11-12 are 111 111'azing o1 Florida pastitres. Florida biuyers at the event, whdici saw a new world's record bIll IpriC eStablis1d, illcituded himan Weeks, P~ahokec. who ptirclased two females. 'Minor S. Jones, Ft. Meade. blvyer ol two lemales, A. E. Melton, Gainesville, w1o bought a bull 1nd1 female, andJ. L. Jackson, Gainsville. 1wo ptirchased One female. Weeks brought two daugiters of Noe's Larry Doino 601, a -randson of Larry Domino 50th1, for a total Of St375Melon bo gh1t Noe's Baca ])luke 102d, a 1)111 sired bY 1 Ba a R. Domino 33rd a]d o1ut of a jayhlawker (o1w Miss J. 6ith. for >1550. 'Illiis blll is (lose il lW1reedliin ) to Baca Dilke 2d wh1(o se1 tile 11e1 S65,oo re(1ld )riC, 1)001 beilg sired by tle .TVrd and bothi having damis sired bv JaYlhawker Domino. Mellon's femaIale 1urichla(se Of II.S75 was a1 extra lot not catalog11ed. jonecs puirchiases included Woc JIbawker Miss 6tli, a daughter of Jarhlawker Doirlillo, for S.165o anid Lady Clhiei Domino ist, by)1 Chief Domino, for 3(13. Jacksonl paid S1525 for Noe's Lady I rr y 1t 3( 1, a tauclilt r of M W Lar.)O~il)1)211(1 ])red toI Baca R. Domino 31rd. Visitors See 'Pay Dirt' TWO nAYs of tours slowed 30( visitors frolm all 111parts If the Unilited States thle 'Pay Dirt" area solthl 1d east of Lake Okeedhobee under sponsorship of tile Atlantic coast Line Railroad. Starting fron tie Clewiston Inn Noeiber 15. the 1r-0111) sa' tie U. S. ,Slugar, Corporationl's Ritta Plantation and11 tile sllgar ho nse, following w.ith a tOUr of Sugarland Ranch dUrig tIelI afternoon, as we11 as tile W\Tard Farm, S1alvtnee Fartms, and Charles Mitner Farm. CIAt:'ISON COLLEGE advises a contjinIuous Wat i for screwiEioras-with daily cheeks 1s'1lcrever possible. A generation may be prod(l(ed ill, as little as 17 days. Baca Royal Dominil! 21st 4393887 SI HEAD REG. HEREFORDS Yes sit-, folks, our herd of registered horned Ilerefords is on the way and by the tiie yot read this the cattle will be at the ranch situated on the old townsite of Holopaw. In the giroutp are 85 head including soiis and daugh ters of Baca Royal Domino 21st (above) and our herd sire New Baca Royal Domino 23rd (left). We hope to have our sh*ow herd represented at the spring shows and we ivite your inspections New Baca Royal Domuino 23rd of the cattle at any tihe. W J RANCH W. J. NEWMAN, Owner Holopaw, Fla. CIRCLE LP RANCH One of the South's best (Loncala Phosphate Co.) herds of Purebred Herefords Clark, Florida SAm KELLY, President 4 miles south of nigh Springs on U. S. 41 for January, 1950 Herefords 10 Registered Polled BULLS Between 6 arid 7 months old GOULD RANCH Phone 520 White Dade City, Fla. Registered Duroes B. B. Saunders, Jr. Farm located at O'BRIEN FLORIDA South of Live Oak near U. S. 129 31

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Col. Holly Robson Auctioneer I sell special sales, automobiles, land or livestock, purebred sales, Fat Stock Shows, etc. Automobiles sold every Thursday at Orlando 20 years experience Phone 7349 ORLANDO, FLORIDA REGISTERED BRAHMANS and POLLED HEREFORDS Crane Creek Ranch Seven Miles West of STUART, FLORIDA ROSEMERE FARM POLLED HEREFORD CATTLE Breeding stock for sale at all times Largest Thoroughbred Breeding Farm in Florida ELMER HEUBECK, JR., Manager RFD 1 Ocala, Florida CARL G. ROSE, Owner P. 0. Box 842 Ocala, Florida Phone 262 or 553 1 7__ Cliarles Conlgdol of Haines City., second fron right, exhibited this steer to graind (hampion at the Polk County Fair in Bartow? early in December. P/hotogriiapli was taken as L. H. Lewis of the State Marketing Bureau, left, and A. R. Cox, of the i
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coisigned to a Florida 11ere ford everit," Brown said. He added that no decision has yet been made as to whether there will be a sale of range bulls separateiY from breeding stock as last year. During the past four years the Florida Hereford Association as sponsored five sit ssful sales. In add ition to tse tsree '1i1n11hA sales at )ca l, iWo range bulls sales have bIeeni held in Kissinnice in April. Officers of tile group, in addition to Brown. are Ed Watson of Inverness, vice president. and Miss Jeannine Brown of Webster, secretarv-treasurer. Directors include John Knope of Ocala, AV. F. Snetl of Alacrira. iad A. E. Melton of Gainesville. Bluestein Does Well in King Ranch Pastures Kim; RANCH bluestem girass-a native of India-is found to do well almost everywhere in tire southwest. tle ranchi reports. It has been grown successfully from the Gulf Coast to Northern OklabhrrmIa aird[ from the io-inch rain belt to the r o inch rain belt. According to tire report, tire grass seeds through late Spring, early Summer, and Fall. arid gerinates readily witiout covering. It grows equally well on acid or alkali soil. Snioak Pioneered in Volusia Pasture Work Sorur0RN icriiis (f pasture imryet t r d nlia n i sagernen t arc p a in g off for Ellioiutt 1B. Smnoak of' Tonoka in Volnsia County, who reports that since lie introduced modern methods into his area in 19.15, other cattlemen in Flagler and Northers Volusia counties are following Isis lead. Smoak own1s 20,000 acres, part of wvidl lras beien improved using such equipment as a 19 ton chopper, a bulldozer, and similar machinery. Florida Milk Figure I LORiA's 1100 I)AIRYMEN, with some lelp from 150,o0o dairy cows, produced 75,000,00o gallons of milk during 1948seven percent more than in 1947. ConiSUmption within the state exceeded production by a million gallons which Was iniported--owsever the importation was 47 percent less than in 1947. More thai 20,00o persons are employed in Production, processing and distribution of dairy products in Florida today. BLACK LEG has broken out in Martin Coursty recently, with loss of 2o to 25 cattle, according to Dr. J. N. Thomas, Fort Pierce veterinarian. Vaccination is tire only known preventative. GAINING IN POPULARITY! Because of their rustling ability, Herefords have found favor with Florida cattlemen whose pastures are scanty. Not only do they thrive under adverse conditions, but they also respond readily to a favorable environment. Contributing to the Hereford rise in popularity is the prepotency, vigor and activity of Hereford bulls. They are very sure breeders. If you want to learn more about how Herefords can help you, contact this association or any of its members. REMEMBER THIS ABOUT HEREFORDS! Herefords are able to take care of themselves on poor pasture, and they also possess the ability to gain weight efficiently on Ieed. You can expect roo percent of your calves to have white faces if they are sired by Hereford bulls. Hereford bulls will go out on your Iasture, produce a bigger calf crop, and put more beef on the carcass where the high-priced cuts are. FLORIDA HEREFORD ASSOCIATION, INC. T. Noble Brown, president WEBSTER, FLORIDA + Advertise Consistently REGISTERED POLLED AND ILEREFORDS HORNED HEREFORDS DOUBLE L RANCH MELTON HEREFORD RANCH PLANT CITY FLORIDA P. 0. Box 124 Gainesville, Florida for January, 1950 POLLED HEREFORDS Santa Fe River Ranch A. D. & Snead Davis, Owners W. F. Snead, Mgr. ALACHUA (Alachua Co.) FLA. Registered Hereford Cattle Polled and Horned MIDYETTE HEREFORD FARM 5 Miles East of Tallahassee, Highway No. 90 Quality Cattle, Grass and Clover Seed 33

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Announcing ... AMERICA'S FINEST CATTLE CHUTE 'The Poltable Catle Chute Mfg. Co. has lead the way for eleen years in making "Americas Finest" cattle litte. lhis year wei offer you imor for yoelr on11iey thanl yo1 call possibly get else where. To imect your specific needs wle make tiwo siles: Model 50A is the All Purpose Chute for Herefords, Angus, and Shorthorns Model 50B is the Special (tute for Brahman, Sanita Gertr udis, Charollais, Beefimaster, ald Brahman Crosses. Write us for inforlmation about our CNei 1950 Models before iou but and indicate the size Ol desire. PORTABLE CATTLE CHUTE MFG. CO. (316 IV. Ualde St. CRYSTAL CITY TEXAS Seven regimered tw~o-year old Hereford Bulls, and some yiarling bulls for sale RIGGS HEREFORD RANCH I. W. Riggs, Jr., Owner D. L. Elison, ljgr. RFD 3, BOX 81 OCALA, FLA. Ranch located seen miles wecst on Florida 500-U.S. 27 CATTLE AND PASTURE LAND FOR SALE No. 1-7,000 Acres it One Parcel ...all iith pineC sillumps) removedl.t ..s %vil fenced tald cross-frccl ...some pine imier, both young and sawmill size ...21/, miles frontage on two lakes ...high-line power ...all exellent opportunity for somonllel ready to stalt ill tlte cattle bulsinless .ll Florida ...catals and surface craitage ditches have been constructed over virtually all of this land ...$35 per acre does not include livestock, but arrangements can be miade to stock this acreage if purchaser desires. No. 2-1,000 ACRES on hard road with electricity lald ...five mi les hoin Kis mince *. fentced ...good growthi oif young pinte timber. $25 per acre without livestock. Contact G. H. PRATHER KISSIMMEE FLORIDA Monthly Report Showing Status of Tick Eradication Slate of Florida, N ovell)er, 19 g) Dipped --Quarantined Herds--or lnspected-Amount field for Not AMtule, of Systematic Systematically -CattleHorses -Infestation, -Work ,--Trated, County fie, (is Head Head Herds Head Herds Head Herds Head Inspector I '1g er 13:1 Ptj am(Pt) 1; W Voldia :7 7 I ma] 77 l r, ant 63 my 2 Clir Columioa Uti 1ad .28t Dcoto 187 DIIN 18.5 Fcnia 163 Cmad'dcen 10 1 GtIleht el li lake 129 I ll 82 Nhd a sl I Hliplhlmd, 6 ilthorough 6 Indian River I2 IJackson 654 Iake 33 tLe 10 adisoll 376 NC:io"a "5 ." ; till 2 NaMau 7 [Oke(-(hobce 80 Orang" 118 0s ceola 376 Palmn Beach 98 P~asco 2 Polk 84 Santa R osa 156 Sumli n o Ie :I Solmter 2571 Stuwannee 265 Wasiton 93 Total 32 Total 6209 11271 1066 2026 22895 132111 5 108 3022 19 255 2 1-16 192 1673 664 185 71 (11 2:0 7o8( 23( 2989 121 5038 1-12 41060 1555 14136 1096 368 325 120841 9283 163 78 578 531 69 1289 862 -123 71863 115123 200 ill 594 167 28 2 71 13 27 10 .10 0 209 80 3 211 1 81) 51 Systematic Work II 0 106 11211 0 1) 63 :H73 1 1 35 1823 2 1i :85 2 0 (0 3 12 589 39537 Final Work 0 23 -17 0 0 S0 0 0 1) 0 0 0 S0 S0 II) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o S0 0 943 0 0 0 0 0 88 1 0 0 0 S0 0 3,7 II 88 1) I) 0 1 0 0 I) 377 1917 2010 0 0 I) 0 0 0 0 0 90 0 0 51 0 0 0 0 0 51) 0 0 0 0 0 8557 0 0 01 9 0 0 0 0 223:12 3 12 966 ; 18 11 0 Cattle on premises where no fever ticks have been found, qua-rantined, from infested herds, Volusia County are on 28-day inspections. State Inspectors. Florida December 8, 1919 Clark Named New Agent By Sarasota County KENNETHII A. CI ARK, Sumter County Agent for the past three years, has assumed duties as county agent in Sarasota County. His successor in Sumter is 0. M. Mines of Citrus County. Clark has been active in livestock work in Sumter County, having played a leading part in the Sunter A l-Florida Breeders' Show held annually at WVebster. Ile is expected to conttinue his work with beef tattle, as well as with general farming, in Sarasota. Norris Publishes SixPage Descriptive Folder A sIx-tAGE Fot1tER for prospective buyers lhas recently been printed by Norris 34 -1. 11. Applewhitc, Inspector in Charge Cattle Co-breeders of registered Brahmans-by The Cattleman Press at Kissimmee. Folder, in orange and black, features the show record made by Norris in five years of shows, advantages of crossbreeding, uniformity of Norris calves, and mentions Quarter Horses. AMoneymaker and Dandelion's Paula, grand champion bull and reserve champion cow respectively at the 1949 Ocala Brahman Show are also featured. A BMOKEN-HtARTED Brahman bull died in the Nevada desert because lie wouldn't leave his dead mate-victim of a Union Pacific Railroad train. The bull ignored hay thrownl to hit by train crews for two weeks until he starved to death. Railroad hands then buried the pair side by side. The Florida Cattleman in 0 NT. 1). Tindall* 0 NI. 1). Tindall' 0 Mr. 1). Tindall* 0 V. L. Bales o 0 C"arl Langford* 0 R. [I. Tabb 1 I\. ). Tindall* 0 R. I. Tiabb 0 C arl Langford* 0 R. H. Tabb 0 R. C. Tabb 0 (';Il Lan11gford* 0 Dnnie Brock' 0 Donnie Brock* 0 ('all Langford* 0 R H1. Tahb 0 C'at Langford* 0 R 11 Tabb 0 It. H1. Tabb 0 J. C. jeter 0 R. H1. Tabb 0 Donnie Brock* 0 Carl Langford* 0 v. C. liales f R. H1. Tabb 0 Call Langford* 0 COtr Langford* 0 R. It. Tabb 0 Carl Langford' 0 R. H1. Tabb 0 R. H1. Tlabb 0 R. H1. Tabb 0 R. H1. Tabb) 0 J. C. jeter 0 J. C. Jeter 11 Donnie BritckIs 0 R. H1. Tabb 0 Carl Langford* 0 C'.11. Langford: 0 Donnie Brock* 0 due to movement of cattle

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SANTA GERTRUDIS (;ood Red Florida raised BULLS Coine make your selection WALKING HORSES Stud Service and Sales Registered Palarino Walking Horses toO. PANULET,A FARMS ARTHUR PAMDoAsi. Owner tpvs Pat r III s I (I 1, (lttings o n cnrin o I Nlami, 2 miles west ()f ES. No I In amb st. at NE 7h Ae. III Nort h 1,11 adc MIRROR LAKE FARM F. R. & L. 1'. Scheill, Ow nirs BREEDERS OF FLORIDA TYPE SHORTHORN CATTLE BULLS OF SERVICEABLE AGE NOW FOR SALE R. G. Heine, Lessee RFD No. 1 Dade City, Fla. KENCAROL FARM Registered Polled Herefords and Registered Hampshire Swine J. DILLARD WORKMAN, M.D., Owner LIVE OAK 0 FLORIDA Phone 387 + Advertise! SHORTHORNS to r inforaton onSecingFord Clima. following Rreeders: BEARDSLEY FARMS Clewiston, Florida MIRROR LAKE FARMS R. G. Heine Dade City, Florida HILAND ACRE FARMS John P,. Duane Ocala, Florida PINE ACRE FARMS Dr. D. W. Griffin Chipley, Florida ORAN(;EWOOD STOCK FARM (:. I R tde rg Orlando, Florida Route 3 for January, 1950 Shorthorns Average $329 At Moultrie A soN ofrjE S6,i,ooo Perth Shiortliorn ianipion. Piltodrie Upright was sold to A. Y. Carlton, Sarasota, at the Southeastern Shorthorn sale it. Monltrie, Ga. during nid-Novcmber. The bull, Circle Al Upright 4th, was consigned by Circle M Ranch. Salisbury, N. C. and sold for Ssoo top price in the auction which saw 0 head average S329. Another Florida buyer, R. L. Price of Graceville. bought Misty Tale Private, a grandson of the International champion. Oakwood Merry kimg. from JohnS. Jenkins, Elberton, Ga. Other Florida puirchasers included L P. Barlow. Wancl il a, who bOugh t one hull and one female. B. C. White. Jasper, who purchased a hull and a female, John Kelly, A\radia. who took somnte a bull and a female, and P. C. White. Graceland, pirchaser of one female. Consignors to the event front Florida were Jolin Dtiaiie, Ocala. Dr. D. W. Grifn. (,Chipley, H1. S. Hull. Ocala, F. R. &L. P. Schell, Taimtpa. anid L. F. Turner, DeFuiiiak Springs. Griffin President of New Shorthorn Group l11. 1). W. GRII FIN. Chipley Shorthorn brIeder, was n wanted president of the newly-loried Sotiutheastern Shorthorn associations dirig a business meetin'wlhich preceded the group's November .1 -ale iin Moultrie, Ga. John Dluane, (caIa, was ma iIed as a director ini the gtrtup, aiid Rob Hleine, Dade City, serves as alt alteriiate frtoi Florida. The new association incorporates activity carried oii formerly by the Stutheastern Polled Shorthorn i girin, making way ftot a polled and horned association (o p sri iote the breed iis thte Son theast. Lakeland Market Started \ Ni-V LiES'T)(:K atiCtiOn market will opetl March I near Lakeland, according to Jimii Robertson, former co-owner of the Hardec County Livestock Market at WVauculila. Robertson will be iin partnership with Harry Mc( olltium, Jr. on the new venture. Sales will be field weekly at the arcita which will be located on ani eight acre tract betweeti Lakelaitd and A uburitdale oi U. S. 92. New market will he mt1otderit iml every ttetail, according to Robertson. with dial scales visible from the entire arena. used to weigh the aninials into the sale ritng. For Better Beef to add POUNDS+GRADE GROW BETTER GRASS Use time tested "FFF" BRANDS F ORIDA F OR E FE INC. LAKELAND, FLORIDA CANNON BUI{OC FARM Featuring the get of Seco's Pilot and Thicktype an Lobilt T. W. CANNON & SON LIVE OAK FLORIDA Registered Durocs of All Ages ATHENS HEAVY DUTY PLOWING HARROWS for pasture land preparation are now available in limited numbers CALD WELL CROPPERS These are the machines that have proved so valuable in pasture a-td land development in Florida. For further information write or call us. SOUTH FLORIDA MOTOR COMPANY Distributor Dealer for International Harvester company Motor Trucks, Tractractors, Wheel-type Tractors, Power Units and complete line of ranch and grove equipment. SEBRING FLORIDA 35

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Bulldozer and Dragline Work Pasture clearing and water control done promptly and efficiently with new equipment. Lamar Beauchamp PHONE 26-933 BOX 1486 Winter Haven 0 Florida Registered Aberdeen-Angus FT. HAMER RANCH Bradenton, Fla. Ranch located east from Bradenton 10 miles on Arcadia rd. No. 64. then left 2 miles on shell road, then right 2000 ft. + Advertise + THE TREND IS TOWARD ANGUS Demand for Angus cattle continues at strong, but sound levels. Everywhere the trend is toward the Blacks. Bred for generations for the single purpose of producing top quality beef quickly and economically, Angus are today's modern beef breed. Share in this premium market by breeding and feeding Aberdeen-Angus. Write for free descriptive literature: Department FC, Fort Hamer Buys Sire From Hair ASON OF A 51,0 brenAgSbUll is now in Florida as part of the A. S. Isherwood Fort Hamer Ranch herd near Bradenton ihe animal is hair's Mickey 2/th. sonl of H-air's AIichcy. the Slo,ooo bull owned by Hair Farns at Snunmerville, Ga. We're glad to be getting this kind of breeding," Isherwood declared. "Hairs AMicke 211h is of the Chieftain Erica Iamrily, a grandson of General Blachcap of Lo mjac and a great-grandson of Geiterda 6th of Page." "Purchase by us of, this type of breeding should be an encouragement to Filorida cattle raisers ill their pasture iotproveient program," Isherwood added. "There is to doubt that good pastures are needed to support this st((k-but good pastur-s arc worth having when you are raising( the type of beef a good bull can give yon. McSpadden Buys Bull From University Herd T wE To-YEAR-OtD) bull, Florida Magi AMaster -lthi, has been )urcIthased from the University of Florida, Gainesville, by AV. 'I. McSpladdent of Menlphis, southeastern representative of the Amtuerican AberdeenAngus Association, otr use as lIerd sire at his White Oak Springs Farmt, Chilhowie, Va. Dr. R. S. Glasscock, animal htusbandinan at the University, also re)orts that WIA7. N Burnside of tamnpa has recently purchased an Aberdeen-Angus bu(ll call, Blackcap Eric of U. of F., front the University, and H. F. Wiggins, Jr., of Live Oak, has bought an outstanding Angus steer calf which will be shown at the Southeastern Fat Stock Show in Ocala in 1951. Sinelairs Sell Seven Cows to U. R. Parker SArLE OF SEVEN registered Aberdeen-Angus feniales has heen reported y a Florida breeder to the Atnerican Aberdeen-Anlgus Association. The association writes that seven cows have been purchased by U. R. Parker of Live Oak from Robert R. and Rtuth Sinclair of Gainesville. UNITED STATEs Fish and WAi Idli fe Service will permit limited grazing in part Of the St. Marks National Wildlife Refge in Wakulla County, according to Refuge Manager Paul T. Kreager. ABERDEEN-ANGUS "Tomorroc's Beef Cattle Today" An Angus bull will delhorn 95% of your calves every year. Florida's increasing importance as a producer of feeder steers means that the rancher who uses these black dehorners will receive premium prices for his stock. FLORIDA ABERDEEN-ANGUS BREEDERS' ASSOCIATION Mrs. Lawson P. Kiser, Secretary Valrico, Florida Registered Aberdeen-Angus Cattle RANCH CALLAHAN FLORIDA Registered Aberdeen Angus Cattle Lusamar Farms MR. AND MRS. LAWSON P. KISER, Owners Phone Tampa 58-1211 VALRICO 0 FLORIDA Simonton Ranch, Inc. Rqistered Abevd*eum-Anuga Cutles Micanopy Hoida Advertise! Perdido Ranch Breeders of Aberdcen-Angus Cattle P. 0. Box 666 Pensacola, Florida BROWN AND CRAWFORD RAINWATER The Florida Cattlenal 36

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Annual Index -Florida Cattleman -1949 A ABBA Has Recorel of EIienc .p 8-11 Jan Aberdeell-Angu5Advises Care I Selecting ., .p 29 Jan Calves at Gainesville .p 6-11 Nov D irect( rv .....A pr lDoing Well for Iks ..p 43 Aug Gailess ille Sale .29 Aug: ) 6-11 Nov Good in South Florida.p 20 Apr Herds increase. ..P. 18 Apr Herds Near QIincy. ...P 20 Oct Sulmter Sale November 4, p 26 Jul: p 40 Ot: P 2-1 Nov; p 47 Dec ALLEN, GEORGE E. InciO Tax Probleis-Pasture .1 iB Dec Allied Industries Aid. .p 22 Sept AMERICAN NAlIONAL LIVESToCK AssoclriON Carload to North Platte. p 35 Jan Florida Plans Entertainment .1 1 -1 1 Special IsSLle-WelCOme1' to AmI Natl .Dec Western Problems (Sinclair) .22 Oct Animal Diese ss. ...p 47 Nov Arabians Basis for Breeds.p 31 fay Atlanta Sale. ..p 46 Dec B Bang's Calfhood Vaccination .p 34 Feb Belle Glade Bull Thrives in Ohio. .1 46-11 Ja n Belle (lade Pontders Auction .p 22 Sept BFNNrr. R. W. Citrus for Winter Feed.P 21 Jan Booger Red Top Winner in Orlando.,.p 28 .111 Booger Red Wils Orlando Race Meet.1 45 Dec Boyles, Laflin, Champs at Live Oak.p 22 Dec BrahmanDirectory .Jn Authorty Tells of XW'eat Growers.p 4-H Jan Average S448 at Winter Haven.p -16 Mar Average $442 at Wauchula. ..p 40 Apr Wauchula Sale S351 .p 132 Aug Bi Air to California .p 38 Jun To Txs:I from Norris Cattle Co.p 38 May Side, Barbecue, Wauchula Plans.p 32 Feb Sale at Polk Brahm1an1 Farmi ..p 44an South Florida Salt at Barlow.p. 26 Mar Sale Warchula lle 30 .p 22 Jul Wrong Name for Breed. .p 3I Oct BRAHIMAN HALL OF FAE MI Closer Bat ..p 20Jan SIugai 1:111 R:Il~t I. p 34 Alug Bronson Rc Electcd FSCA (ons cl on.p 12 lee Iullmleister, C. A., oIl cattle outlook Ic p 16 Dec C CENTENNIAL, BRAIIIAN Animial Diseases Discussed. .p 47 Nov Charleston is Pushing .p 24 Jul Chaleston Prepares .I. I I Sep India" C;attle in Six classess (Joshi) .p 51 Nov Morrison onl Nutrition ...46 Nov Ji 'in and Luh -.l. ...p 48 Nov plrgraIIII. .1 50 Oct Sale Co~nsignI l'sCl Is.1) 51 Oct Shows New Markets .p 6 Nov Sale Average .S562.l90. p 42 Nov SPelkets Cover Range of Sujctsl.l. 44 Nov Schneider Ot1 Past, Future of Breed .p 44 Nov ThomIas onl AdsaIce plrns.fp 14-1I Jan Iholas o1 Sale Selection.p 39 Aug WVh1itcOm11111 and Drenner.p 48 Nov Citrusau1 COtIOnseed Meal.p 46 Aug Fattlemen Should Use More.p 28 Jan Feedinllg Fts aot Ona.p 110 Nov Seed Meal New By-product.p 18 Oct Seell Nleal Satisfll lory for Cattle .p. 1) 2 Nov S7000 Profit Shlli will' .p Mr Clover Bar Ranch Draws OlIt of StIte. p 40 Jun Brahman Ial [] of Fale.p 20-11 .an Congdon Wins FSCA 4-H Award.p 45 Apr Corn Slolasses, Improving Beef.p 8-11 Dec CUN T. F.; FoolKS, S. J. Weak Siille Lack Of Min Ileals Weakens Si eII. p 14 011 CNIIk, T. J.; GIAsstIocK, R. S. Silage for Winter Feelillg. .p 8 Jul InseeI Mral for Finishing .30 Jul Irish Potatoes ReII ire Suppleneiet,. p 8 May Ileck of Salt Serious. p 20 Fell Gret-n Color Indicates (1Oid H ay.1 7 Sep D eeler ig Jonth for Juniors. .29 Dec I o ig Suggested.p 18 Aug DAVIs, CHARLEs STICKNEY Foot Rot Serious Malady.p 29 JIn DIREcIORY Mld .p2 ai Aberdeen-Angus .Apr Bra lu rlan .l. m Hereford--Feb D erfrdSF .oAs''rE .*. eb D15s 5sE. AND 'ARlASITECS (:IhOIXd V iII:Ition OK'd ffy FB. 1a 32 Feb Cllrol of )iseIsLSSB Topic. .16 Jun F and 11111t1 Danger to Florida .fI Fi b 1wo1 SIles yK Spray or I)ita ill 1111C. .16 Apr lrienner (Ce ten llial). ..p 48 Nov E :stern Bralliall Association (see Southeastern Bralmlan Breeders' Association) for January, 1950 Elul IRIAs Allied Industries Aid Stockmen. .22 Set) Best Wishes to our New Goiinor .1 6 Jan Budget Board Deserves Praise .p 6 jul Ca(lemenl's Fencing Bill Should Please. .p 6 Ia Do Your Pirt, Participate ..p 6 Nov Elections (omlling Up Next Aprif .50 Dec Flood Control is a Little Close .p 6 Oct Florida 13th; Peri Head Value ow, ...f 6 Apr FoOt and Mouth Danger to Florid .p 16 Feb 4-H1 Camlp is Lnrge Undertaking .22 Sep Flumre Augurs Well for Cattle in Fla. 50 Dec Hospitality with [ye for Business.p 51) Dec Land Taxation is Hillsboro Problem .p 6 Nov Land Taxes are Dange ..i Oct Lee Bank Prints Summary of Fanring.p 6 Jul l., Counts \taking Rapid Pirgress .1p 6 May Market P1 ices Good for Floridir Caltle. .1) 6 M1:ay National Group Should Accept Offer. .1 6 Jan New Research Problel at Gainesville .p 6 Fell 76 Percent are Fened. 6 Jil Small Cattle Shows Taking Limelight .p 6 Oct This is Our Largest Issue. .p .Jll ThIree Reasons to Go to M1ianii. .f 50 Dec Turner is Levy President .p 6 Jul Electricity oIl the Fart Extended.p 8 Jun Emperoe Jr. Visits LSie the Cos.p 59 Mar F Feed Industrv Gets IIamipa Elevator.p 28 N 11 FEEDING Cattlemen Should Use More Citrus. .28 Jan Citrus, Cottonseed Meal (Kirk et at). .p 46 Auig Ciris Feeding TestsCont'd (Kirk et al) 30 Nov Fenton Feeders Built at Arcadia .33 N ov Irish Potatoes (Cullha et l)p.p 8 Slav Lack of Salt (Cunla et id). 20 Feb Linseed Meal Needed (CunIiha et alt) ..p 30 Jul molasses. Corn, Imiptoving Fla Beef. .1p 8-11 Dec MIlasses Feel sith Ping Pong Ballp. 27 l)cc New Hay Dr ing Process at Counel .1p 52 Ot $7000 Profit with Citrus Feed.1 42 Mfar Silage for Winter (Cunha et t ) -. 8 Jill FENCING Cattlemen Most Make New Law (Ed) ..p 6 Aug Catti lemn's Bill Should Satisfy (Ed) -. .) 6 Mayv New Law Should Remove All Cows (Ed) p 6 .lt 75 Percent are Fenedl ( Eel).p 6 Jell Substitute Bill Endorsed (Ed).p 6 May Fenton Feeders Made in Arcadia .33 No FLOOD COVTROI. Aiininistratise Setup Perfected .p 16 Sell A Little Closer (Ed).p 16 Oct Hurricane Loss Heavy .,. p Ili Oct FQRIA Mect ait Orlando.,.p 43 Oct FLORIDA SIAc ~CAI CA1*N1 AsSOCIATION Bordering States Alarned, .,. r 6 fi Cattlemen a I :kllla3; Guests Hillsboro. .I I Nos' Duda Ralnc It Feature 1'our. ..22 .1. ... Fliriditms Plan for Miiami. .1) -11 Dlcc FSCA Asks Research oi Dip Test-.1 1 39 \ar FSCA Pledges Support for Iick Plan. p 13 Jul FSCA Re-Elets Bronson I I lampa. ., .1f 12 Dec Iill SIInl Conrlence ]'larls P la.s-.p IS Jun MIi1151111 111r Clllferetsc SceduelIled (Eel) .1) fIi NSI ly New lfip Reimbursement Adopted ---Ip 16 Slay TarInlpa AdvanIlce.---. ----.p 18 NIos Three Rea\sonsto o t lialili (Ee). p 50 Dec Thrisvs on Adversitv .P ec To Study Fence ..p 35 Ja I FOR Ili Ktiv BrIE.les: ly lleel Hales Slancilp 24 Mit; p 136 Apr; 1) 42 May: p) 25 Jul: p 38 Jul; 13 24 Aug; I) 40 Sept; p 38 Oct Fort Sfsers Champion Slowvn by Jones. p 38 Apr 4-H1 Caip Planned Near Lake Placid-., 58 Oct 4-H1 CampIt Large Undertaking (Ed).-.p 22 Sep Ftu re Frner Winners .p 17 Aug FF A Hears W irrren. ..........1 2 Jun G Gainesville Calves Average .6-11 Nov Gainesville Calf Sale.,. 29 Aug Gatrell and Moore Record.,.-.1 34 Oct GLAssCOCK. R. S. (see Cunha) Golden BrahmIans Lose.P 30-11 Ja:i GORE. H. L. Death Rate High With Red XW:ater.p 26 May GRAss ON SoUTuFs*RN FIoirmA SANI-Il 14 Feb; ) 18 Mar; 1) 22 Alto1) 22 1:15; 1) -4 J .1 Gr:iling Lind-I-ederal Control .2-1-11 Mar Greal Western Brahman Assn.p 24-11 Jan Guernsey Sale Nov 3.P 36 Ne 0 H Hay Dring Process :a1 Connell.1 52 Oct I ferefordsActivity is Projectee ---. .) 49 Apr Association Plans Kissimme Sale.p 12 sf Is Beef and Hornlenss s .) 1Apr D irec -tor..., .:Ja ]IIr. WVorkian's I Herd. -.p 55 Oct Futuritv Has 23 Fill ris .p -I0 Aug Preledut (If Necessity. ..4 Dec Range Bulls Average S-15 at Kissimmicc.p 48 Jun Iiggillbotto Subject of Magazine.a 12 Sep HillslboroCattlemen Active. 20 Nov Col tIll Issue ..N ov I las Bright Future-. ..20 Nov Land Taxation is Problem (Ed)-.,p 6 Nov Over 600 ill Voational Agriculture.fl 56 Nov 701) Active 4I Cl s. 1 31 No% Twice Weekly Sales at Market.f 38 Nor Youth Fair Dec 1-3. 22 Nov HISTORY Cattle Numbers fIlrelse in Deade.p 10-11 Dec De Leon Founded Fla. Cat1Ie ) 4 f-l Dec FSCA Thrives o1 Adelsily.1 14-11 Dec Purebreds Growing in Number. 1 3-11I Dec IoGs. E. M.; KIRK, W. G.: JONES, 1). W. Citrus Feeding Tests Continued.-.fp 30 Nov Citrus, Cottonseed Meal.-.p 46 Aug Horns Still Cost State Cattle Deal. 20 Sep Overgrazing Danger to Florida Ierds.p 44 Jun Hurriearne Cattle Loss Heay.,. 16 Oct HUSBANDRY Ona Field Day Nov. IfI-.) 31 Nov UniIersitv Students See (attil Herds. .1) 18 Jell Woris Give Anemiir (flioias)-. 20 Aug Income Tax Problems (Allen) .161-B Nov Irish Potatoes and Supplement.-.p 8 Ma J Jarnagin (Centennial).p 48 No% Jersey Sale Nov. 18 .p 316 No Jon111N BY RON BNorris CItI I e I unique Ott Pangola.p 139 Sep JoNes, I. W. (see Hodges) JosruI N. R. Ind I C atle put ill Six Classes .1) 5I Nov K Kenmore Owned by Garder.,. .)313 Fel KIRK W. G. (See Hodges) Kiser Belieles Future Good.p 20 Apr Kissil mmee Market Grows-.p 36 ity L LIrflin, Boyles, Win at Live Oak-. 22 Dec Land Taxes are Danger (Ed).p Ii Oct I.angford (Vhlo's Who) -. .p 5-1 Nos Largo Guernsey Sale.1p 36A Dec Lee CommlvAssociation Active .--p 14 Mav Brahmi an Breeders. l 4-4 Miry Corming Back in Cattle .1) 18 Ma -Activity in .p 28 M av making Progress (Ed)-.---. p S Quality Cows Hell Herd-.-5. .f. v SCS Sees Big Industry-. 35 Sla I CIecles DaIigeious for Horses..40 Mar Leis President NamIled (Ed) .)6--I 6 I Iivestock Losses onl Rise-.-18 Fel 1Li1estock Sanitary Board, StateControl of Disease. ..p--i 1 J C oo p e rtion is O K d la y .---..-25 ( l Gets N59,000 Budget. ..--7 Jell I ykes Using Angus uls .3----Aug LYNN, W. NM. Tick Feer MIay Strike Once sore.p 41 Jun M acy-Gld Fu-Good for Geass. 32 Apr Belle ;tlade Plans Stock Auction .22 Sell Kissimmiee Records Growthl Since 1938.l1 36 MY packe-s, Markets Make Contribultionl.-p 8 Alg Prices Good for Florida Stock (Ed).p 6 Slav Trice t-Xekl lls 1 1illsbarra-I 18 Nov Twice Weekly Sales at Hilbr .--38 o McMItLuxIFl, K. S. Plans for --I Canp Explained.I .8 Oct NMeat Clails fMajor Locker Space (. 1 1 2 Sep Midyette Hereford rI.-22 1 F M\odfena Plantation Barn ..------a Molassles1 a on Ba0.--p 211 jel Fed with Ping Pong Ball.p 27-11 Dec Iniroses Fla. Beef.-----------8-I11Dc oorrsl 1 Nutrition.----.p 46 Nov N NORRIS N rallllan s to Texas. 38---H-erd Shown to FF1B .----.-.--. .40-11 jail Offices, Nes.-------. p 40 Nov N U I RI1 IION Citrs Seed Mal OK for Cattle.p 62 Nov Citru11s Seed Me~el IHigh in Protein .S lct Green Color ill Hay (CIIIIII et al).p 37 Sep SI ineral Lack Weakens Ssrile (Cllla ct all) -l -isol Centennial).is 46 C4 -Nov 0 Ona Field Day Nov. 11.P 31 Nov OrlandoFQRIHA Has Rating leet. 41 Oct Scene of Dairy Show .-. 4 Apr P PACKER Dehlorning Suggested I1y Faeris.p 18 Aug LivestI k Prices Rise (Rhodes) .11 0 Jan IMillion Loss front Poor Handlig-.p 14 Aug Packers, Mairkets, Make C(Sntributions.p1 8 Aug Westerli and Native Not Enough (Ed) p 22 Sep Parade Has Writeup on HIert-Bar. .42 Ju1 Pari-Mutut Betting Boosts State-. 23 Feb Partin Written Up ill Parade.Is 42 Join ANNUAL INDEX FOR 1949-ABBA to Parting 37

PAGE 40

P\sTURiFS (See also Nutrition) F ula RFnIIh 'Toul .p 22 Jn Evaluation of Grasses ..18 ar F itili/er, Little Ncissary (F lodges et il) 1. 22 M~ay Good Fuuie for Rlhlodes, Sais Macy.p ', Apr liii(ncme Tax Froblrus. ..p 16B Dec Jarnagin. Lush (Centennial). p 148 Nov May 27 Date for Leonard 'o .p 36 Jun Miracle Day alt Sanford ..10 May Nois Technique for Paigola .p 39 Sep Preparation of Soil (Ilodges ct i I) .1 It Feb Setting Improved Grass .i 22 Apr I Forpedo Grass at Ken ausvi .I 10 Ji l PAZA_ Annual Mecting Sept. 7-8.1p 56 Sep Directors Meet Taiipa June 16. F. 28 full Directors See Florida Herds .i 26 Aug Pecan Acres Sets New Record.p 52 Mar Polk Assoiation (all Sale,.p 28 Decr Polk Braliian Fari Aerage S148.1 46 Mar Power Saves Time oi RiIch .) 13 Jun Q QUARIR HIORsEEliminations oii Labor Day.p -12 Sep) Men Seek Pari-N lutu el.Ii 23 Feb Quick Freeze Methods Make Differenc.1p 12-1 ig Quinix-Angus Herds ..pI 20 Out R Rates. Sale, Mav 28-:30, Orlando.1 33 Jiuii Red Water Death Rate High (Gore).p 26 Ma's Research Program at Gainesville (Fd) .1 Fi Fell RHoDFs, GIFFORD Litsiock Prices Show Rise .1' 30 Jan R odcoand Racing Get Big Crowds.P 31 Jail Calf Scramble Featured at Lakcht-ld.1 30 Dec 8000 Attend Lakeland.p1 24 F i Crowds Jam Five oh Fourth .p 28 Aug Planned Bonifav. Perry, Webster. 1 43 Oct Scheduled for July 4.p 32 Jill S Safet\ On Faimis Stressed.I1 12 Aug Sales, Three are Planned for 1949-50.1p 52 Mlav Shell oii Shorthorns .pi II Sep Stileiider onl Brahians (Centenniia).p 4 i Nov SH:ALN, A. L. Livesto k Los Coimliitee Program.p 10 Aug Shorlthol isFiDualie Presuts leifers to FFA.p1 51 F lMoultri Sale No. 14.,. 44 Oct SI." Il']I :l -.'.'.'.-.-.'. p I Sep Silig' Oflers W winter Feed. .) 8 .li Saim'I21t F. H, Westerner Sa-. 'Get A i'inted .1 22 .\ug SUtabsterI Sirilam BrTCdierCI AO( iti 5 Fli ales Sta c in Easter i .Si,, ..46 Sep Ilarri, El cited Presidenit al Bartow _. ..9 \Ill\ Sept i NiDeadline for Nominations.p Pil Sep South Florida Co-Op Sale AXerage S531.1p 38 Mal, SPECAL I.t1 Sixth Brahan Jan; J iril He-refoid, Feb: A lird Anrgus. Ap r: Lec Cou Ily, NMay; F~lctrI 1(its, Jl: Markeis, Aug: Second Swinie, 1 O i lsboro. No: TFid Angus Slim%, No%; Weloie I, Aiirican Nationil, DecSI xICi., Fri I H a t.is (see iFor the Kow-Bellls) Sugarland RanchAgents See Crossbiids at.,.p 61tA Nov Crosses Bralimaius, Nfolassc.p 34 Aug Shows Value of Goxl Stock .p 26 Jun Suiter Nov. -4 Aligns Sale, .p 40 Oct Suii Lake, Burs L isted.Il 4 utn SVV Ni Cities Seed Mcal Not Suitable.p 62 N ov flaipshirc Sale ait Lii Oak.p 5 lN iv Oalai Fait flog Show.p 18 Sep: p 14 No Pik Type in Buying Durois (BolIs). .1) :35 Ot Ouin v ilirio Salt'. 24 Apr Second Suwainee Valley Shlo-p 28 Out; 1 22 De1 c. Ia miijpa Fail.p 6 ur Weakened by Lack of Minerals.p 14 Oct STOCK SnoiSi Belle Glad LIvestok Shoiw.p 26 Apr: p 30 Ju Dair, Shoic FTaiiipa Jan. 8 ..p IIO Jan Eastern Brahian Assn Plans 1950 Shows.p 134 D i E'i-icinth Oiala Fat H-log Show.1) 18 Sep: p 14 Nov. Fiflth Oala Bramnlii Show-u 6-II; p' 10-11 Jan; p 9 Mar. Florida 4-H Fail, Sloi. Orlando.p 18 Nov Florida State FIair-p 12 Feb; p 15 'lar; p 28 Mar: p 6 lii: p 21 Sep: p 37 No: p -12 Dcr. Hank Partin Tops .4-H Slhi.p 341 Jail Motive o nt Shim .....1 18 flln icleford Sho, Oal.p 18 Alt Kissimmee Show to Ibe No 18.1 12 No Lakelaind Cattle Show .1. 21 Feb Man, Shols Slated fuiing Fall. .19 Oit Nassai Show at Hilliard .p 1 38 Dec Miith Southeastern Fait Stock Slio-p :3t Na; Ii 31. 'Mar: 1i 1l Apr.i O(a Hereford SIhow-p 32 Jlin: 1, 1-I Feb: p 8-I Feb. Polk Couti Youth F ...i 1) 1 Jal Quili Fait Stock Sliow. Jan: I 1,1 Mar Sicondi Paso ivlI Slimii.w.1 22 Mar Si h Oaila, Ilialimn Shiu-i 3(6 De: 1) 36BDec Small ShowIs Faking I.imilight .I 1 ( O t Suin si Floida Fair. .1) 'rclh Sulte Slim,, WebterI 1:; O : 1 21 Ni ; I > IS Dec Suiantiie \allt, Swine Show. p 28 0(lt: I) 22 Drx Swine Show i t Olt 22.1 510 J11i 'Iri-Stale Foil Show is Plaoniel ..p 40 Feb West Fill. Slim, lit Marialn;.P 10 Icc T maliua Terli il Eleat. .I1 28 Nov Tampa Coiivnti oii iimber 79 .11 Nor Tanning Plaint Larkeland.p 21 Aug Marion Cattlemen Go After Thiv es. p 60 Nov Fluonas Sills Heifer-It igh Pritce. 1 12-F1 JaF l TOMAs. E. V, It's Hard iii R(ise ('alt.II 28 i-Fi Bordering States Alaried. 1) 6 Mar :A k.,L Re'aairchu (,ii Dip Tell .39 far FSCA Pledges Support .p 13 Jill May Strike Again (F .ii.) I Jul ust i Be Repoitedl.1) 12 Feb New F i p Reii buirseient Adopted. .p 16 Mat Toxopine TI sis Asked At Co(oa. .p 1: Jill, U Valdlsal Floridians Bu,. V-s, Wlat After G[ BeF Felitsr.l. w Wariei, Speaker at FFA Banquet WebsterAngus Fall Sale NoV. 4. Biters Pa, S350 A eragi'. W hit omb (Centenni al). \\lio's Wilx I s f KIlN Langfoii L. F. M id tt e F refiurud Farmt., Wiio's Wuo I ]Ii.s G atrell ;,lil l loor W Omjack D~evelop, Faintm., 1) 29 Ape -.p 11 Sep ., 32 jun .p 2-1I Nov .1 47 Dc p i8 Nov -1) sI Nov '22-I Feb .1 34 Oit .1 2 J l Y YOii VIi StNs-P :; 1lii; 1) 2 Feb p p 26 '\li; 1) 11 fll: 1, 21) Aug. Yolia, Gol' C. Brallinauts BIter Moth s-Texas Tesis 3 ii Aug Index -Florida Cattleman 1936-1949 A AAA 19 0 ProIl lugam for ii 'astu .p I' -1 Jill 4i0 ABB.\ Dirciors to 'ilee in Oal .p 6-I Jill 47 AberdeMn-Angu9e 1 AlbauN Sale.p 113 Feb) 41 p 20 Apr 44 Atlanta Sale A rage S537 .1 10 Jil 14 AXlanta To Be u Siin if Show .p 15 Dec 44I Ass'n li' s Meibei.p 25 Jul 4li Breeir, [fail Sucs ful Yea r .1 J an :8 Breed Adlan cs.p 1 Niov -6 B reeder, Efll i et ProduI (ci's.--.p --1 Nov 4x 1 Bull Added to ntliersity Herd. p 17 Jan 3 hull Included in Polk Vet. Gift.I )5 Feb -11 Bull Sells for S1275-Fist Sale. 12 Dii 46 Bull Tops Xloiulitie June Sale. 25 Jill II Call Sale Approied for Fall.,.1 37 Jill 48 DunwTIOdu las DeSoto lerd. 58 Aug 17 Field Da\ Sept. 15._p Il Sept 48; It 28 Nov 48 50 to be Offerted ii Atlanta.p :-I Nov 17 5.1 Heatl for Georgia Sale.p 18 Apr IS5 1-H1 Members Will Sell :it Sale. p 21-11 Nov 47 FFA (ieni Steers Otala Sale.p 49 Sy -18 Geraii Is Ne Flead.p 56 Apr 4 6 Grai Like Beef. .1101. Aug 48 Group Appros Constitution.p 22 Jai -15 Listing o f Breelers.p I-I-F No 46 March Sale. 1948.P 33 Feb 48: l 48 Mar 48 Men Prep for T wo Sales .p 12 Mar 4-4 Moultrie Reord Avg. S352. p 16 Apr 43 Mouli i Sale Set for Nov. i .13 Oct 42 National Sale Puts 12 Head in S. E.p 21 Apr 43 Necer Disappointing oil Sales .1 46 Jun 47 151i Head in Albany Salet. .p :33 Feb 45 Populai ini Ala'cuia County .p 34 Jun 47 Quality V'eri Good for Oct. Sale. ..1p 38 Oct 46 Report lii Otala Marii 31 Saile.p 26 Apr 48 Riiinid Sale Sept. 24._. p 28 Sept 43 Salt' to Be in Alanta .p 211 Nov I Scond Annual Sale Olt. 29-1p 56 Aug 47; p) 41I Sept 47: 1i 3u Oct 417; 1) 8-Fl No '17: p 27 IDci -17 Shi, Ri-coid Gtii.p 17-11 No 47 Slum, W ell Iin Florida. .p 17-IT No%46 Spring Sale Ocala Match 4 .p 22 Jan 48 16 Sell mt Moulnric for $5165 .1 19 lie( .41 T ohn to be Judge. ..., .p1 4 1 Jill 46 1 29 Buyers at Vidalia ..1) 10 Dec -13 i20.000 [full al San Antonio .1 5-11 No 46 T wo Sales Planned.Fp 28 Apr 47 200 Will Sell in S. F. Fall Sale .p 36 Oct 40 lilitcisili Sells Siv'tii. .:1 Aug l i I-iid \Lost 'f.liciini ly. .22-Il No 17 Well Established by iour Ble'ders.p 36 Jun I8 Xliiiii, F Ii ii, x (:. CO1ribUtion Made bn Braliian. S Feb 45 Ai,. Jtsii:c Aut:o Slaeii' Ciiurt-WilliaMus Case.1 25 Jan 41 Adloams, Alo. State Sillmiiie Cout. p 1:1 lc' I0 Adamts, Carioll Head Committees.1 25 Apr i Alii liable Siltctio n (Ed).I I 1Dc' Ili Adhanc Seen ill Fla. Livestock .1 24 Olt 415 Agricultural19119 Consecrvation Programl-Pastures 1, 6 .J111 3f) 1942 Goals Re ised. .2 Feib 12 WXorld Of Toiorii ..8 N. lii Ag. Leadirs Toui Stall ,April 26-301. 18 ay 48 Airplall,' Tiles lo, Farm U _s.p 6 Itc 17 Aladl liBrecdeis Recogniied at Banquet.1 17 Apr 41 (:lil lhs PlAnnual lorse Shou.p 33 O t 45 Cattlemen Oiganiized .1 38 June -17 1511 in Beef titlel: 5th Rrvinue.p 12 Jun 47 I1 Exhibit al Gailesille. .p 50 Apr 47 -F11 Woik Adi;rncing. .,. p 26 Jun 47 fH d Inpc d by Cattlemen .ii'12 Olt 41 lonors Cattlemen .1 15 May 45 LiOns 2nd "Catilemen's Banquet.p 1 8 Aipr 42 Lions Stage Bredrcs inquet .p 113 Apr 43 A lbanr, Sal( ._.,. 43 Jan 47 Alyce CloerSoles Last Big Probllm .p 9 Se 38 Timllu ill Get Sced.p 17 Mar 39 All-Breid SalcObjec NI-I, Group .I) 9 Jill 18 A. svi i,, Louis Bluestone Makes Given P:1stures.p 11) Dc 40 lastur Esablllishmiuuenlt .p 6 Jil .8 Suited of pasture Devlopmient.I 8 Jul I I Aiiriai-Angus Exhibi-State Fair. .p 14 Jan ,:8 Anderson Ilints Stock problems. .21 Mlar I6 AnimalHFusbandir Siudeits inspect RIange.p 7 Jull 12 Indlusl'tr Popuilar al Inivi sity .1) 8 Apr 11 "Moliti Needs Winter IRation. p 12 Feb 41 Another I'oblel ( ) .18 Apr I i Another Sign of progress (Ed) .p 18 SAug 38 Another Year (Ed) .,.p 1IS 0(i I8 An Oilsider Looks alt Cattle Business 1) 8 Feb 38 Ar iiais lit Home in Florida., 26 \ayii 17 ArtadilBialu an Salc P ann d iul 18-.Il 2-11 ',a .1 7 I-hmn to Sell Mardi 19 ) 26 Mar 48; 1 41 Feb .18 Center ]fill Cnwboy Willss Agi i n.p 1 11 Feb I I Coming to Flow ;I Market .) 5 Jul lii Duirranc Randh Gets Blue Ribbon. .1 25 Dc 14 I-F ll Clasts of IBIaiinuis At-. p 2ij Ol 1I iust to C owi ...7 Jail Slak-l-Minion Dollaur luisiu .ss. 1p A ug 17 Rcoirds Fall at Bialhiman Salt .20 lia, 18 Riod o ...1 7 D ec -1I IRdo-lnon,, \\n-lourth clFmi.p 21 Feb -12 Rodeo-Indep lndenl c Daie ..t 11 .l ul i Selii g Cowi bo iii. 1, 21 Aug 2 Shol, Educatioi l. .12 O( t I3 Tlird AIIt l RangSI w. 1 Not 43 21 Breeders to Slow ;,I Miih Sale, 1, 28 Ml I Ariaulian in lCharg of Stal, Mak t i. I, 19 Apr 411 ArgentineSanilaiv P'all (Fi). 1 N o 411 Seeks Our S a'rket.F1 15 Mar 39 Ships X l IIFef tIi lngla dl .i 1Il Aug, :8 1 )lels of (: Cattleman.I1 6 Aug :18 A nistiic Ilodeo at Bushnell. I 113 Oct .1 Armour & Co.Encourage pork production 1940. .p 8 Feb 40 Volume Sho,, (ain iin 1940. 22 Feb If A NxOii 1'. '1'. Flix CitrIS Pulp Ili Dairy Ratiois. 1 It Jai 9 Developmlunil of a Fairy Calf.p I Aug :8 Moiel Dairy Management .p 8 Mar .8 Around lie Stale With 'Bi'. .p 13 Slyav 1I Arlifilral Breeding Metllods. 1) 12 Ocl 39 AssociationRe-elects Bright .p 38 Jan 47 Will Sponsor Caulle Sho'. .No Iv 16 A Ia it aN;rmel iv SE Cattlenicii.,.p 1I Apr 44 26 Consignor Offer Blacks.,.p 17 Nov 13 Aiwrsiui, WXiii.isi ein i ill I Intei1tional.I Ii Apt. 41 Auction larkelPlrou s Suicessful.p) 12 Nov 36i Will Boos Herd Im litprovem lltlit.i.,p IS JulI 3s Augius IDeadline lor Essay Contest.p 21 Aug 41 A.on ParkAnnouncs Labor Da Slim.p 1 26 Aug 4 Blackstone and Cli-ions Win-Rodo 1) 1 Oct 41 Man Feeding Steer foi Spring .,p 15 Dc F 11) Plans Riduo June 3 I .1) 11 Jun -i B Bahia Pro is 'oriluh in Flotilla.I1 12 Oct 17 BAHIrv. Romt C. Florida', Dairn Industry-ReslnrIh.p I Fell -i Balmin L. Doc, 1.10 ill Recod Timli.i -18 Ang 17 Bankeis A /le L itoikuL. 21 No\ I1 Commended y A. 1, Spncr.p 13 july -12 Iarb,,ue (Ed ) ...1 18 [lil ! 38 1P"stuires to Young-ANNUAL INDEX; AAA to Balmy-1936-1919 INDEX The Floridat Cattleman

PAGE 41

Bardeti Amltittient (Ed).p 11 1 'Mar -10 Balt0w youth Eveni Nov G-7 ......1 36 Oct 47 F iourh Step Southi d ..12 Sep 44 soretary of Assn. Namid. .19 Mar 41 BjAss, R. L. nt. Liver Fluke Danger in Wet P1lis. .p 17 Olt I8 Ba, Co. Grutp P s .W aller.Ii 19 el, 1t IlctE, C ) Ic Dairn Lab to Akill DlirMuel. .....1 9 Mar ,7 highlights Pasture tour.p 5 Dec 39 1jrKVR, DR. R. t. Aildantages of Raising Replaieients.1I 8 Apr 38 Aicriin k5 Lopeati PastUiis.It 11 Nov '8; .Atiimial liusltsi Popular at State U., 1) 8 Apr -11 Brittle Bones ....p) 6 Sep) 41 Brittle Bones and Stiff Cs. Ii Sep 37 Citrus Pulp im Dairy Rations .p1 14 Jail 39 llairy Bulls Most IDltgeros. .p 12 Dec 41 Esseit ials-Dairy Ind lst rv ......1) Il Sep[ 38 Experiietnt Sta. Dairi HI rd ..p I-I Mar :9 Improi g Dair, Cattle. .1 11 Jan 'I8 Keeping Dihry Herd inl Lim .1 15 Oct 3 8 ittineral Supplemnti s.p 14 Apr 37 Native and Improved Pastures. 110 lav 37 Supplementing I'astuies for Cows. p 12 Setp :17 Use of Early Pastuie--Dairy Cattle. .1 13 Mar 38 valuee of Breeding Recorids. .14 ju '37 Beef-Selecting aud Using .,. p 10 Jul 38 Ailditional Solu]. of Far I n t iioim .t) 5 n 1391 Argentine Beef ( d).p 27 Felt 411 Beef Cattle Staition.p 6 jai 39 Beef Cattle Situation.p 17 Feb 39 Beef Cattle Situation. .ii. .t 6 No 40 Ieef Cattl Subject ait GCCII COVc. 1) 18 Jan 42 Beef for Victorv .Ii 22 Xtar 12 Beef Gradiig-Ai mours View.I.i. 15 Sep 38 BIef PlOdU ti t Is Isseitial .1) 10 Set 18 Ed(iiting Consuiis oi Gradcs. .p 8 Aug 42 Field Day Pr ides Infoimi ation .I1 7 \far 38 Field Da at G'ville in Matih.p 17 Mar .41 F ield Day at G'sill Report .p 1 .Apr 41 llor Home Use Needed.,.,.p 4 May 42 Frot Soutll of Cattle Countr .4 Nov 40 Goals fot '13 Greater, .,. 1) 4 Jail 43 "Miurphliis;' Iwi cr0's.It 4 Aug 40 Slight Upage iti Nos. Asked.p 6 Nov 43 Status of Beef Ci.p 8 Dec 38 Weight & Quality Nv'dcd.t 11 Jun 38 Bile lde Field Din Planned. .p 19 Ma 41l Belle Glade Host at Ield Day .l p 19 '\aft 42 Bltkslir, Iloiier Talks ot Prics.p 6 Oct 48 IIIrmtnii Aiqiris Oakitood Sunbeam. .1I 15 Jun 13 Berlmud Steals Show at BelIt Clade. p 116 Feb 41I But lot.It 12 Aug -18 orn Is lligh Qualitv.1) 19 No 48 Big R(ul,,On in Meat I .s.p1 2 .laut 12 BIi is, RAN 5000 See Fitst Annual Palatka Rodeo p 14 Sep 41 Billion Dollars a Moth.1 6 Jun 12 Bills. King h-hitg Win Racs.p 162 Slar 48 B~joRK\, KNIFE Dirct B ing of Li esto k.I 1 1 Sa 39 Ilasr Talks on (ra st, at Vero.1 36 el 45 Blliks Sell Mayv II itn I)catu.p 131 Slav 44 It icklo ci, R ..' [lots' -H BcI Clubs-Florida.P 10 Oct 361 I'mlon County Bov Wins Award .1 29 Jan 41 lIla, kstone 'Tops :t Fort Pierc .p 28 .pr 41 Bl ASE:R, R, l. Florida Pasture C i ers .p 12 Oct 38 Nolitern Red Top Gass fo t Florida1,1 6 S'l) 39 h"MMur Plant, Compared .p1 12 Sep 43 ll"i'ru Reud Dlt sufss lash Win .I i 2:1 Dec 18 It( It tl Cattle ludusi r (Ed) .18 SMar 38 Boolil. -T. 0., D).V.m. Dtiinieiiii, in Food tulm Liiesltok.p 8 Oct -12 Book Makers \o\,e Quartes. .116 Apr 39 Bossuuc,. F. A. Niw Tas, Laws ExamiueL .p 16 Jll 4 1 Biot'l-s ]ils R cord as lred r, ..18 Oct 48 Bill lzm [)I. It. A finishing Steers Without Grain. 15 Sep 43 Results of Clewiston Trials. .p 10 Jul 41 Buott F ts, Fit i5' W attr Buffalo.,.P 8 iJun 38 Bmh 1' I-Il Ief Clubs in Florida.t 10 Oct 36 B("' ill Osi-it Train for Cattle.,p I May 38 BRMWAN HIAl. ("j FuI. Fank Bass.t1 30 Aug 17 Itiaihaip, Paul.P I4-Il May 47 I). I. C1uu St. ..i1 2-11 Jul 17 iudas "Riglt Tpe" Brahman s .32 Jul 18 2 1is't I lru at /epIithills. p.1 211 (t 16 G. W. Matin Ranch .P 16-11 Jan 4l8 Nf1ArSthur. A. G.P1 8-I Jan 47 Slrt s, 1alec.p ) 46 Nov 48 hl I .as. ..lt .12 5M1: 18 itr e', John .p 13-I1 Dec 46 i al ludingliam H rd ... .1 211 Aug Ill AStg 'i: OIt 4Ili; Jan 17; Slar -17; Mav '17; Jul 47, ItsAit it s 'AiI (:dit ioned' HlE.It 6-t1 Aug -16 Alaittna, N. Car. Breeders Boy. .t) 14lB Oct 46 Appraisers to Visit Florida. 1 9 Aug 47 all 'lia m Is 'aed 'Braltuhmats'. .p 30C Mar 48 Bi" S1truiture of Agri. oti Backs. .p 8-11 Jan 46 llest Beef l'roicers. p 6-11 Mar 47 IIgest Sioii' at IHoustonit. p 19 Jant 42 Iluir It, iigs Brahman to Tenn .'t .36 Sep 48 trauilian Sees Florida Bralumans. .) 34 Mlay 46 lBter interest High for 3rd. Eve t .p 8B Oct 416 It eders iretts Natn'd. p 21 Mar 45 for January, 1950 Br'edeis Meet Nov. I.,,. -40 Nov -15 Bredlis Own 100 lead.t. 24 Aug 47 Breeders Smarter ..) 40 Aug 47 Breed Promotion Topi .p1 54 Jun 48 Bl I Givcs the Answer.p IS Oct 13 II,,y ers Get DuIrranCe Bratitmans.p 44 Oct 47 Can't Allord he( W ithout .P 4-11 Dec 4 6 carterr P'rid Fs Eitasion.p 14-11 Jan 47 Congress Oct 30-31 .It 38 Oct :18; 1) 21 Nov 17: p 11-11 Jai -48 p 1 50 Dec 17. Crum Started Bulls.p 2-11 Jul 47 Daa of Interest oii 50 H erds.p 15 Oct 43 Does Well in North.p 13-11 Mar 47 Dominate Miatii Fair.p 58 Apr 46 Dressing Perientages Very High .p 4B Oct 46 Duponts Buy Shorthorn.p 4 Nov 45 Dluch Guiana Ge(,s 26 .1 10-11 Aug 4 6 Easy to llanIdltli.P 4-1Il Slav 17 Experi ieit in Progress. ....1 26 fill -8 First Imported by South Carolinian, p 22 Oct 43 Flirida Bralhmans Win. .p 36 Apr 48 Gentlest Cattle it, Woild .p 11 Aug 47 (a .E'*xte'ision Men See Gentle .p 110B Oct .4 6 IIrd Nilieus at Belle Glade.P 12 Jul 45 'Htonest Bralimans' at Arcadia .1p 8-11 Jul -17 Hybruids Big ....20 Jun 46 Included in 1942 Southeastern. p 21 Mav 41 Leasi ftr Island Republic.p 12 Jun 46 Make Great Contribution .p 13 Oct 43 More Beel per Dollar frot Bralt. p 3-11 Dec 46 Ocalan Ieads Floriida Assn.p 10 Mar 46 Ofliialx Visit Flirida.p 28 Sept 43 ott 'Third Marn h'.p 31 Fel, -17 1001 ; Gratlde Bratiiais to Ariona.p 6 Sept 416 Open Letter it) Floridta Breeders.p 11-t Aug Ii New Rules. New Members.1) 30 Se, 48 Premium List for Show.p 4B Olt -16 Reord Sale Expelted at Ocala.t 4-11 Ja 48 Record Fall at Arcadia Sale.p 20 May 48 Research Work Done .p 12 May 78 "Right-T pe" .i Best .t. 32 Jul 48 Sale Entries Indite Quality .I 26 Dec 45 Sarlute to Brahman Bleed (Ed), .p 4)Oct 43 Sarasota Bos ILearn to Pik Bralhmans.p -li Jul 4 6 SE 1BBA Votes oit Nat'l Show .1) T3 Sep 47 Seen att 'TripleThreat Animal.p 36 Maty 4 6 Shipped to S. C .1p 1 Jul 4 Show Adaptability ..) 7 Mlar 39 Itt) Cows Coitpise Krusen Bralhman p 13 Aug 43 Siuiter Breeders Have light Quality, p 48 Jul 46 'Texas Men Compliment Florida .p 8 Sep 47 Thoias Elc ed Pres. Brat. Assn. .p 26 May 48 S3040 lor Biahmails Ja ti-9 .p 119 Nov -17 33 Breeders in Indi .p MI Sep 47 *To 'Reconvert' in Jamlaica .p1 28-II1 Jail 48 To Shu it i Sill it i cala .27 Nov 44I 1 SDA Making Progress...p 50 Jun 48 Use of Good BullIs Stressed. p l2B Oct Ill Virginian Buys Itwo Bralians.p .1 II 11 Jatl 47 Weiss Started Ist Herd in Bricward. .1 30 Set) Ili Youths Bm Purebred Bttr ra ans .p 10-11 Jul 47 Biahorn Cui', Get Top Prices .p 42 Jul 46 BXsios, WittIM Ct I', Students lInspit Range Cattle Lands, p 7 Jun 42 BDiwstesi W. R. Retained place ntas Cause Loss. ..p 20 Sep 48 Bri'ntig 11t Cattle. 9 Jun. Breed Association Dairiyi g.p I i No\ :18 Breedcr-1-icder to Feature Fall.,. t. 11 Set '11 Breeders Affected yv 'Tax Rule., .1 10 Set) 441 Bre'd rs Paltitipate in Sale.p it Apr 42 Breediig Important in eiat .p 29 Ja 4 Breeding, progress Reported in .1 19 Olt 412 Bleeding value of .P 1 Jun 37 Breeds of Beef Cattle, Origin of .p1 7 Jun ',7 Bleeds (of Beef Cattle Now Used .p 1)f Feb 10 Brintgiing in tile Spring Crop.p 8 Apr 39 British-Cal-adian Trade Agriei men .('at .16 Ja 39 Meat supplies and Recent Wllr.t 4 Jun t41 Bitocti, C. C. Dt. Rabies Can Enuda'nger Your Herd.1p 31 Dec 48 Broad 4-I ssu rested in Cattle, p 10 Mao, 42 Calut asm Sui to meti. 1 42 Se t 46 Comitmt niti-l Speciali l. t 22 Sep 46 Strid, Made 1 Siut k.men.p 22 Set) 38 Bloml%\. HAMLIN L. Avati es in Ti DairyI nldustry.p Q, Jail 38 Breed Assoc.-Florida Dairo .ing. .,.p 16 N 0v1 38 Dai 1 i s sideline .l P 10 Nov 17 [);Il itr Cattle I 1-poveie It .4 I-I \Il', "II Daicr Cattle Ogani1ationc. c 8 May 38 Driri Dviulopuent in 1IIs.i.e. Jai 39 Dair Fuension Work .I 8 .Mity 39 Dairi Notes 1 1fu jlalun1 1tittc' .3 J utg418 p 5Jan12: 1, 11 Feb412: 1p 13 Jun42; p1) Il Jui 2: i ) P Augis 2: 1) 7 Oct2; p 16 Oct2 45 13 Nm,12: 1) 1 1 Dec42; 1, 17 1)43 141 May413; 1i 1' A 1'., 1'i jan43; i t 3Jun4tr : p 15 Jul4. rii lie tloo k Ri. 23 1 ec 38 Etlp ilals-it inter Dairy SEason.p 14 Sep 37 Teed Ifcor ~aximoum Production .p1 15 Oct 42 Eoj:age Crjops forDairN Cattle.,,. 1 12 Feb 38 Managing Cows for Fall Freshecning.,.p 8 Sep 3 8 Sijage for Daiiy C.,title., .p1 8 Aug 3 7 Skocessful Daily \pasture Care .p 8 Jul 17 Pastilles for Dairy cattle. .,, p 15 Jun 38 Brown-lSwviss-Hecrd at Arcadia .p1 21 Aug 45 Smlithl his Sitiss Purchreds .p 4)K Ang 47 Browni, 'T. N\., pioneer Breeder .p 1)8I Jul 46 Bruist, Losses Run .1 25 Aug 48 Bull Selection and "Maniagient ...) 11 Jail 39 Bundhrab wins 1,lorida-CubanIl Event., .1 S May 48 \ss'tt. Re-elects Briglit ..p 38 Jan 47 Call Rose to Sell Ke'eland .p 51 Oct 17 BIt Nss, JIMV1I Doona~'s Ale Inspilation. .p1 11 MlaN Drop in Rce Tax 'rged .p 26 Mar 7 Governor Pleased With Racing. p 132 Mar 17 Lit (;ives Hialeah Best Dates. .40 Jun 47 State M erits 1ligger Iivest. ..p 36 Feb 47 Winners Come front Florilia .16 Mar I8 Buslinell-4-H-I BoN, Get Scholarslips. .1p 22 Teb 41 I i\ istotk Market i Open .1 12 Jun 39 Rodeo Big Suciess.p 1 7 Dec 41 Butterilk Source of Revenue. 1.I Mar ,7 Boost the Cattle InILustri.p 18 Ma 8 C CA(ni.t RotiRT Regulation of Business.I1 5 Mar 18 CalfCrop A average 58 Percent 'Tel Years. .1) 4 Jan 45 M market ..p 9 Jun 37 Capitol Notes of Int. (Ed) ..p 14 Aug 40 Caras Dresses.p 31 Aug 47 Carload Saddle loses 'Tenn.p 15 Dec 40 Carlton Former Gov. Appraises.p 11 Dec 41 Carthers Babia Pasture Webster.p 7 Aug 42 CattleAnd Indians.p 6 Apr 38 Don't Freeue in Fla.,.p 18 Feb 40 Feeding Situation Dec. 193.9.p 11 Dec 39 lighways (Ed).p 16 Oct 36 Industry Featured World's Faiir.p 13 Oct 38 ITentory Largest in Hlist.,.p 7 Mar 42 prices Advance Jun., Jul .p 12 Aug 40 Production Consumptlion U. S.p 8 Sep 39 Production Increase Forecast.I 13 Nov 36 Raising War Timie (Ed).I1 -4 May 43 Rustl ig.I 18 Oct 39 Shows and Sales (Ed). 4 Jun -44 Theft (Ed).p 16 Nov 36 USDA Breeders Gulf Coast Aim. P 12 Mar 39 CattlemenAffected I' Bills in Leg.l1 5 Mav 41 \sked to join National Group.1 6 Jul 17 Deserve Consideration Tick Deal.p 16 Oct 37 Friend in Gov. Mansion.lp 12 Dec 10 Named 'Man of Yea'r'.125 Dec 411 Owes, Self Attend Mleet Sebring (Ed) p 6 Nov 4 Urged Attend Stock Shows.p 10 Jan iS Cattlemen's Assn. Connect FSCA. 14 'Nov 38 Caysonects Pontiac Dontino. 19 Nov i Sells Cows to Pace .,.p 1) 1 Nov 46 Casons Sell Hereftods.) 23 Mar '17 Census 1ttortant Task GoC't (Ed) .p 1 Dec -I C'APMAN, L. F. Another Santa Gertiudis.,.p 8 Jan 41 Check for S991.660,783.p 8 -el 47 Chicago. Special Car to.p 22 Dec 46 Circle IP Bulls Outstanding.1 8-II Feb 48 Circle MAvetage S2400 ott 50 1 lead. 33 lay 45 Sets Record 50 Head Av. 817445,70. I) 21 Jun 44 CirIc 'M's April Sale 50 Iead.p 17 Apr 45 CitrusAllotted S1,60O Work by Commission P 50 Sep 48 Feed Proving Tests Half Braltians.1p 28 Dec 47 Feeds Valuable With Graii.P 11 Oct 48 Pel ets Produce Profit. 20 Dec 48 C itification Press Reports.1 5 Apr 37 Clark Herd for Sale.It 21 Jun 45 CAt E\Rtur Thorobleds Coming ip in Florida.p 14 Mav .15 CnYrOs, H. C. Establishing Pastures.p 11 Mar :17 1937 Soil Conservat ion Program. p 5 Felt 37 1918 Program for pastires.1) 5 May 38 193 8 Conservation Program .p 9 Feb 38 19: i Program for PastiirS.P 6 J l 39 19410 AAA Pto''rai for Pastures.P 4 Jul 4i 2' M million iti SiliSidies Paid.p 1-1 Jun 45 Cli wistit Ait I I eases Past iire. I. 2. Jan 41 Ci iAt i Ni .S. Arou's Entourage Greater I'rod.p 8 Felt 10 Clover Bar Sale-p :12 Aug I8: p 32 Sel 48: 1) Ii Oct 48; p 52 Nov 18. C1 tel RePOits Hiceforld Progres. P 30 Aug 44 Costa Rita Climate Ideal .P 1 3 Oct 47 Coastal Catlem Gatlher .1 12 Apr 39 Coball Nced in Mlineral 'Mixture. 6 Dec 9,S Colts 12 Aution irbor Day .1 13 Sept 45 'ommiilun "ismol' (ld) .It 14 Nov 40 (one Spiaks of Cattle Plrogress. p 1 May 39 Contgaulations to Jacksonville (Eid) .p 1. lar 37 Congratulations (Ed): .p I4 Jun 40 Coitgcr Champs for U.S.S.C. leid, .p 7 Aug 44 Coitell Bought Reelfoot ltl1.p 24 1 lar 47 C(iNsersatiOn (Ed).p 14 Aug 39 ConservalionCo ntil (Ed) .I 16 Oct 36 Dlisssed iM COt i ie .P 17 SMar 45 District, Reports Giiet in F:a.p 28 Oct 45 Teedstiuffs Called for Shortages.I 5 May 43 Important Cliatiges in Program.p 18 Tat, 41 Jax on Se's Value oi .p 5 Set 45 Program (E ) .,.P 18 May 38 Consumer Incomes Rel. Licstock.p 15 May 37 ContaCt Feeding I isestck in U.S.A5.p 16 Apr 38 COOPLIR, J1. FRANCIS Alachita Lions Stage Breeders' Baiutet.p 13 Mar 43 Beef Cattle Field Dav.p 7 Mar 38 Carlton Appraises Cattle Industry. .p 12 Mar 41 Cattle Shiocit at Gaiesville.,.p 9 Oct 41 1936-1949 INDEX-Barden to Cooper 38A

PAGE 42

Fifth Annual Fal Stok Show ..7 Nov 38 Florida Steels Capture ToIi Honors, Jax p6 Florida Steels \Vin Top lionors.p 9 l Mar 410 GainesN irle Feeder Show Sets Pae. .1) 11 Ott 40 Little International Sor-s it. .p 10 May 39 Little International ..1p 10 Apr 10 Pastule Improeilent Colferlte. 1 13 Jul 38 premium Prices REcteied at Jax .p 10 lar 38 St ichdule Aniniouiiied for I rain Exi bit. .i .13 Oct 40 Steers Go On F-ed-Jax Show. .8 Oct 40 IThird Florida Fat Stotk Show, Jax. p 13 Olt 3 Uppage in Beef Cattle Numbers Asked ..p 6 Nov 43 Coral Gables Aiadeiy hrise Show .p 28 Aug 44 CORN Contest C. of C. Fiarmi Bureau.p .1 Jun 18 ,o Percent of Famis in Coion Belt. .P 131 Jan 191 Iowa Chiallenged Iy Eierglades.p 12 Nov 47 SuppIl, Protein Short.P 1 Jul 43 Colioj Mor, Urged I) Specialist .,. 46 Mar 46 Coitonsecd Cake Fed to Raigc Ca ttle. Srp 39 Cow Sense. 1 28 ov 47 Cl 1oni for a Day .p I ay 1 Cowart. Odis Dirnts 19-I lissy Rodeo p 13 Feb -11 C(ow-Capital Round-Up. ..p 0 Oct 39; p 7 Fell '10 Crisis in Fla. Cattle Industry.p 5 Jan 38 Cross-breeding Purebled Sires.p 30 Dec -18 Cuba-Mlion i puts(, Discussed.p 30 Il 48 Cuban Reciprocal Trade Opposed.P. 20 Nov 41 CIxA Tlk I. J-. Lxik of Niner s Costing Caitleiei.1' 24 Dec 48 D Beef ,I iiiior oi of tihe Cattle Country .p 4 N o 10 Befs tea s' "Muphis"; Twin Crops p 4 Aug. 40 Good Grass Aline Isn't Etough.p 6 jul 40 North Florida-l iii Mi ket.p 4I Apr 40 iunta Rassa: ---iiis--. I ire 4c) DaiiNotes ..7 eb 43 .s ..p 7 Mar 43 \lso See Blown. Hamlin L. \ssn. Has Field Das & Mctin g.p 13 Ag 37 Bulls Most Dangerous Farn Aniial. .p12 Dec 41 Cattle to be Shown at Tampa.p. 19 Dec 41 Copreiensive Progrii H Id. p S Aug 4!1 Dairiiig as Sideline to 1arni ing. ..p 10 Nov 37 Dairy Record lriogcani .2.p Oct 9 Dat li Jutige Well Fitted.p 29 Oct 47 Delrxlopiiieit ani l Pogress ini 1938 .p 8 jan 39 Earv Plans for the Winter. .1p 14 Sep 37 Improving Cattle Ihrougi Bree! ing.p 11 Jaii 38 Inflieice of %oiiiien on Dairies.p 9 Dec 30 Laboratory Will Assist Dair i en.p 9 lr 37 Ieels Set Drmig June, J ..p 34 Max 44 Mineral Supplemients foe Catt e.p 14 Apr 37 Pasture Comparison .I I Nti 38 Pur11pose & possibilities of irganil. .p 8 Jon 38 Silage !o Cattle.I 9 Xiig 37 Supplementing lastures for iows .12 Sep 37 1 lie Da iry Outlook.p I 1 "Dec 38 The Dai sy World iinoirro. .II J Mar 39 2/t Milion Pdai Dairymen.p 14 J 45 DAVsIS, TAYiLOiR E. An Outsider 1.ooks at Florida s Co. I iil.p 28 Feli 38 Davtolia Vet Studied Salt Si k.p 1-1 Aug 43 Horse Races Scheduled.p 42 Nov 48 Davie Rodeo. .p 12 Aug 40 Death Removcs Floriia Faroe (Ed) ..p 4 Nov 43 Decade of Farin Legislation.p 110 Jan 41 Decline Is i Noted by Rhodes.p 50 Nov 48 D1T-Reconniendation Withheld (Ed) p 4 Jan 45 Field Tests C iven with Livestock.p 6 Jun 45 Largc-Scale Test Completed.p 16 Oct 45 Tests in Kansas Described.p 29 Mar 46 Uses Compiled by U.S.D.A. Men. .p 18 May 40 Defeirients, New Filing Required .14 Apr 45 Deliciencis, in Food and Livestock .1p 8 Oct 42 Dehrdating, Processes Developed.p 20 Ju 42 DIluis, R. S. ITlhire Nce Soil Con. Practices. .0 Dec 43 Denver, Has Florida Participants.p 36 MaT 4, DeSoto CoUnt y Features! (Eid) .p 9 Aug 47 Assn. Headed by S. E. Harrison.p 11 Aug 47 Catleien Produce Better.p 14 Aug 47 Deslopment, A Dairy Calf.p 9 Aug 38 DHI4A Reflects Econoi ic Status.p 12 May 37 Dinsmore Scene Of Field Day.p 21 Jin 41 DIRECTORIEs Angus Dir ctor ..p 14-II Nov 46 Angus Breeder's Directory.p 6-I Nov 47 50 Biahman Herds Listed.Ii 15 Oct -13 Bialiimiani l)irctoi. ..) 231 jan 4( Brahlan I)reectori.p 22-11 Jn -1 Braliman Dict ory .p 8-II Jan 48 IFla.i Breeders Listed.p I I i Feb lilre oid Bitcr deirs Dii toyix. 1011 Feb 47 Diieit llu ing of I i-stoak.p li May 39 IliSIASF AND PARASFIs Bangs-p I I No% 36; I) I5 Jtl 38; p II Sep is; p) 15 DcI4; p 1li Dec 40; p 4 Max 1-2 p 4 loun 1. Bllsklig-p i \Ni 37; Ii 16 Feb 39; p 4 July I,6 p I .ii u li. Coke-Bir Poisonig-p It! Oct 37; p 33 Oct 48 Croltanla, ,ood Caltle 1ced ....1 Aut, -111 DD .1 ., : Aug 11: 1 22 Slay -6; 1 16 ix \ -I; p 16 OL 1 ; 1 1 Sep F). Disease Control and Rescaclh. p 10 Jan 19 Equinle E ,1cepalomlyelitis, .1 6 Apr 19, p) 46 May 48. Fake Cur s. 15 Jul 38 G;rd Agailst Cattle Grub. 17 Dcc .12 Hoof and Mouth.p I jul 4li:; p) I jun 4li: i It) III 4i: p8-11 De 4o; p 7 Feb 17;; 1i I Mar 37; 1) 32 Mar 17; 1 ) Jun -16; 1 25 MIas I7: I) W Otl 4 1; Ii Feb 48: -1 10 Jil I8: 1 0 I lot 18; ii -1 Jul 46; p I Jul Ili. lorniflies (l st Ii. I8 Sei 48 Ini ed I isestiik. I reatment.1 7 Jun 410 Lu gwom r v n ion ..1) S Sep 12 Liveslok Disac;scsiscussed. .7 OClt 13 i-(diines foi Ilumans Ci Colt. 1 37 Jon 6 Pal'.iisiii-s it) ( il -. I --1 1 -i IParasiies.p 40 Mar 36; ) 3-1 Jil I8; 1 35 Malit 11: 1 21 A ir I41;; 1p 27 No -I:1 p ii .it I ; p 17 Oct 48. Retained lac nas Cause Loss .p 120 Sell 48 Pink FE. 11 Olt 39 SAL Hunger Retards Fattening.p + i 18 siii Woris,.p 13 Mar :17; 1) 13 Apr 3 ; p 14 OIL 36; P 14 Feb 37; 1i 13 Jun 37; p 8 Nov i 6 4 jun .16; I l -MaI 41; ;p 8 Mar 4ii p 38 Mar 46; 1) 4 Apr 12; 1) (i Max 4; p 23 Fel 41; 11 4 Mar 46; p 4 jun 4 6. Scas e-, Jligh Pressure, for Griub .p 10 Jun 1 I Sillen joints .p 7 Oct 44; 1) 56 jun 1 S Ia i I Il iis( front Africa. .1 6 [oum 47; p 122 Apr 17 I ub c ilosis.p 12 Iec 39; p i) Fel 40 Yielding .13 Max 40 X Iisiasw Dager Increases.p 21 DCeC 18 Distrbing Farts Brought to Life (Ed) I) 5 Jan 43 Ditch Dynamiting Practial.p 10 jun 46 Diversiicid Farming at (leiston. ..p 40 Apr 44 lixie Cattlemen Pii la Inicase.p 18 Feb -11 Coit Catlemen Organize.p 1 I Mar 38 Doiiiisi Inspiration to Bleed.p 19 Mac 17 Donit Forger Lessons of Past.p 5 Jan -13 Dog Food. 'Market Worth Keeping. p .1 jul 42 Dried Citrus Pulp in Rations. .p 14 Jan 39 Drop in Raiie Lax Urged.p 26 Mar 47 Dude Raiih Opend.p N Feb 41 DI NCA, LEE Palomino News. .p 2-1 Ma.; p 210 jn 45; p 26 Jul 45. Dinny Waggoner losee of the Month).,p 21 Sep 4:3 Dur S68 .92 Is Acrage.,.p 23 Dec 45 finer Group Consigned for '47. p 26 Oct 47 Brecd Assn. Proposed.p 28 Mar 14 Giop Ileadid by Ocalan. .P.1 12 Apr 44 uri bretd Project Begun .18 MI 3 ay 44 Floridians Included in Body. ) 6 Apr 41 i Go on Display at Valdosta.l1 46 Feb 46 Ocala Sale October 17.1 18 Oct 46 DURRACE, T. J. Calcium in Aniial Nutrition. ii.i .p 14 Jin 39 Also See Horse of the Month reinic S15,000 Bull King Gre Bought. p 16 Jun 48 Builds Show Ring, Barrs. p 14 Jul 46 Sells 25 to NclcoL.p 1511 Oct 46 Offering Brings $1175 at IHorse Sale p 10 Dec 46 Ranch Gets Blue Ribbon-Acadia .p 25 Dec 44 Dlail Ilerds 24 Piirebred Cattle More p14 Dec 40 E FArit, WA.ER K. Alice C.Ioer Solves Big Poblem. 9 Sep :18 Ecutonics of Farm Machiniery.p 6 Aug 410 liconomics of Farm Machinery. .p1 7 Jul -1 Fditorial Office M o es t .I 4 Jill 42 Abrdel-Aligls Brtd Aiance .1 -Nov 46 Action I ak ni l I loof and Mouth .p I .1 jul 46 Admiable Suenleion .4 Dc 46 .Xgrituilcural Goals Revised.1 2 Feli -12 An ia l Com-eiin. FSCA .p I Nov 37 Annual FSCA Contntioi. p 14 Jan 40 Another Probli.p 18 Apr 39 \n their Sign of 1'rogiess.,.p 18 Aug 38 Another Year .p 18 Oct :I8 Argentilie BllI' .p 27 Feli 41 Xgentin Sanitary Plat.p 14 Nov 40 Ariona Asks Controlled Burning.p 4 Jun 42 Assoia tion Co iention .p 1 4 Nov 39 Asouiation Mlects at Raiford.p 14 Jul 39 Action Market-Ird improvement.11 18 Jul 38 Ayers Gets FSCA Support.p 9 Aug 47 Barbeque .) 18 Jun 39 Barden Amendment.p I X mar 40 Beef for Hoi Use Needed. 4 May 42 Benefits of the.PIasture Program. 13 Jul 39 Better Rail Routing Needed.p 18 Feb :17 Blatkleg Can Be Prevrnted .P 1 11 fil -1i lalk Market-or Lgilinate?.I 1(19 Mar .13 Blail liii Misunderstood .I 7 Jan 47 B ied Ass'n Appiaisers to Visit Fla.p 9 Aug 47 Brief Iook at Ilorida's Stock Iiid.:p 13 Feb 3) Bowls Failed.i 4 A Xiig -, Bot W hat About the floor--. .1) De, I3 Capitol Noles of I tcirIt ..1 1Aug l Cattle Don't Frce/c in Flida.p1 18 Feb L Ca;(ILeImpoeet Cp Shtow.p 18 Fell 39 Caul -n l -ii t-y .p 16 Itlt 16 o llI l ...1 iN i7 Cl-emall -Need for \(Iw Finaic .ii 1Is Apr i8 C;tiliimen A%,;Xait .\ito ii XIsat Sil i 4 Aug 4" Caimu-u Commend Go .& Cabiet. p I Api Cii-ium ii R;6i Quction. .1 4 ug -12 Ca;li-men Should Attend Sebring. .1p i -I Noi 18 (iittl ticn Should Cooperat .itp 1 Aug 45 Caitlemen Waut Deer Rviemcvd.1 I Oct 37 Cattle Raising i, \\a'i Tiim .I MaY 43 Cattle Show, ii Sales Itclp DevcL .4, Jun 4111 4 Census of Agriculture 11mpIortan.,. 4 )Dec 44 tw I1-iion FSCA Metiig.p I Jai 4oi cod I-st lIir Grass it, Eiecgladei .1i 6 XiPr 47 0::11111i11uisill. ..1 Noi 4iio (iifiol in Mla Siillation. I .Aug -I ;oig aulationiiis i .s. ..I 1 l u r :1 Congnati lations to Jax, -----.1) 18 Mat 17 Conservation .p 1 t Aug 38 C o r a on Couto it. .1 ( Oct 36 o mi i tioi Progrilln ..18 Mii 38S Co)spil(iwithinin the Industy. p 1 Jul l.i r o d of Nis it and a lu ulu t -p 4 .1111 Di)T Rcommondaio I -(, Wihed I-.9 1 Dc ,ljh Rcrm-e '.\(tell Farm Leader.p 41 Nov 4:1 ltuiiiig C iiM FIiVin II'niue ol. --9 A11g 4I Iliixeloii g C( Gi;tAitl Pistt. ....p 19 Set 42 1 tuiabing i is-ite ce m iau.-.-.1 5 -1 I Do Food. Neii st Meat Pioduct.i. .l.l.fl ) 4 fiol 12 )on't Forget Jackisomlo .m .1 SFb Draingand .lipeiiit ltiil Cat.le-Ip Is Jill -o; E itori l Comment. S i .iiii. 1 18 (i to Eslliti il-i .i i.p IS 1 e 1 1D 3 Educationon MetNict Grades .)1Ag4 Enlightened Attitude onl Deferiment.)IINo4 Ermadication (if Screw Wormi. 1)4Jn-t Everglades-Complement to Cattle .1 M\4 Fverx Commt Should Ile Represented p). Ot 7 FIxperiment Stillion ...-) IS Ot 38Expeiimiet Station Budget Cut.p Ill Sep 12 Fanv Claims for Cattle Industry ..1p 4 Slar 4.1 Farmin Giii in Cottonseed Booklet p -l Apr 45 Field D ;'N. .+. .....1) -' 19 Feb lFixing IIhr Responisibili .im g IS F. 37 Fl(Id Control Agan in limelight .Ip 4Nov 4l Flood Cointil I mii Liielight p I Noi 4) Flood Conti of Necessary'.--. -I 1 Ol Flod Control-Spec. Committee.(i X 0 -14 Florida C;it Ic at Tampa Fair2. 1 2 Floida Cattle Implov m 1) g4. .Nm .i.-[louida Catit-mai-l0th i-a p .O t 4I Florida Cisoboy Loal to Vocatitni .1, 19 (st 42 Florida F;ir .-------------1 i .1 Florida Ilandicap .--. 1p I M ar 17 F lorid a ari ii llI lo li .----1, l AI 46 Florida Farnis Larger. .-) 4 -42S-Florida ThI liird :Is Range Cattle Staite. .1 Apr 4 i Florida's Iiin. Gets Recognition, 4 A iFlorida's Meat Requirement. i 4 4 -I Ciiliiers I-e 'Meat Aninials .l4 t 45 FQIt In00iial Shioic------------------I Xlii 4 Friend of Cattle Industry.----Ip IS M 1v FSCA CG(lls Attention to Danger. .I X ar FSCA Dirctors Met-.----. --11 Jii It FSCA Directors Meeting al Zolfo .p 4 AuIt FSCA Ititiates Uhitk ol Ticks. p 1 1 1li e i FSCA Polic Fraed in Orlando. I 4f Dec Ft. Pierce Stcle o[ FSCA Meeting .p 6 jun 8 Future fo Florida Cuttl-.p ii Jul -IS Future of Cattle industy-.6 Apr -17 (a. Gro p Boo l to FSCA.-6 Sep Ga. Leads Way in Sholu-Sale Facility p I 1kill 45 Good Year------.-.--.-------1Oi i 7 Gov. Securities Purchase. --p I Dec Grade Letter Designations Oreied. .p 19 Sep -12 GrC en Cross for Safleti. .-p 4 I Jill) Growth of Cattle Shows. .p IS Fetb : Ilerd Headers. ---. .-----I I1 J""i l Ilerd Management Important. ..p 4 Seli 41 Highway Safets -.1) 14 Dec Ii Iog Bulletin is Released ..p 4 Jan Ili IHlOe Much Longer -. .p 1 Apr 37 Hudgins, Walter J., Passes onit.p 4 Aug -IS Hurricatie Season .--.-.I1 11" 40 Ikes' Trapping Idea for Everglades.p 19 Sep 42 Interest in Short Distance Racing .p 6 Jun 47 Keep the Fain Family Well Fed.p 4 jun 42 Kissimmn e's Opportunity.p I18 Oit 39 Kissimmee Valle Turdiown .p 14 Jan -I0 Labor Paper Decried OPA Policies.p 4 Aug 45 Lamnbert Herd in Field Day.p 4 May 44 Legislative Round-Up. -.P 18 Ju" 39 Legislative Year.-. -. .18 ar 39 Legislature-1943 Mod l .,.-p 4 NI y 43 Let's Get Down to Business at Ocala .p 4 Nov 43 To Rev. J. Fart Lewis.-.p 18 May 39 Liie Ceilings Go Into EFlfect..I. Jan 44 Livestock Ind. Welcomes Pack. Plant. 13 4 Jull 41 Livestock Inlustry's Job in Wartine. p 4 Aug I Livestock Numbers at Record iligh.p 2 Mar 42 Livetolk Production Trends.-.p 18 Jul Livestock Shows Important.t.t,-I 4 Jill 4 Louisiana Cattlemen Oppose Subsidy.p 4 May 4 Look at tlhlAssciation '%-eeting. p 18 Jin 39 Lower the Point Values onl Meat. p 4 Nov 3 I vkcs, I Howell I., Dsvoted i State. .1 l!9 Sep 42 Slariou Co.-Kingdoul Of hile Sui. p 1 Jla 4 Mark and Brand Lat Passed.p I Jul I Mack uld Brand La-. .I I Out Marketing Failitis Rf-lict Crowstli I1 18 Nov 'I Thoitas It. Matthews Revercd .I 4 Oct Ma A. Strikes Popular Choid. ) 18 Si 18 Meal and Livestock mt Staitc Faitr.p1 2 feb 42 meat Grading Should le Iiisiissd.I.p 4 DI c 44 Iid-Iear M e ting.,.p 1I Jiull 5!( SI xi fisll rstaI(in1ltg III CatIle B us. p 1 IS pr 37 Nassau Count Now Affiliated .4 Sar 45 Nalioail (;title Figules Mislead. I 4 Dec 41 Need lor Meat A el ising.,. .18 Aug :18 Ni-i De;l Asked I -I mpija Shio ..18 Jill :18 38B Coral io Editorials 1936-1949 INDEX The Florida Cattlemail

PAGE 43

New FickdScreCarNeeds CoOPer ationp 4 )Oct 47 cw G,(oa'I. Anmoune 1b, AkAA. 1 1 Not, 41 e,, Ittarketing Slsleml-South Fla. .1 18 full 38 ,\ci I'lcal OrderAs'( com mooend.p 4)Sep) 4,1 Newl Outlook 011 the C:;Il]( In~dustry 1I Jill 37 Net Pastille Prloigram Solighl .18 AIgt ,etw Printing lakot. Ncew Mkug,/m.p .1 Jm on 3 I Newsp'aper 'Irealminil il I IkI St of % .p 4Pell '16 \exi Ilolnth's 11sti of liltcresl. 1 2 Fecb 42 Mill F'at Stock Show ..4)' Aug 411 19 16 pring Show senon. .-1 Jan -it No finne for Loalers .). 1 M ay -41 ()PA Action D)Imorah1111C:;Il]( 111(. p) 4 Till 45 () 'A Another Year ...., ..13 1 Jill 4 6 OPIA Comparable I o Ilitalorhi p. .1.p May 46 Open Ranlge Bordering oil Cloed .p 4,. Jan 46 Opportunil, In Hol
PAGE 44

Cwpii e lit-i y Xiblie Ieferte.i.1) 3 Nov -12 1);mlgerou, Silloati on ....1, M ar 45 Deceb OtGi\en lSCA Mlit.1p 1:1 Dec -14 vie s .4 o l .4 .-A lig 46 fie t r eet ..1) 1 1 j1til 4 0 FSCA Endorscs prinliple-Volers'.1p 22 MAyl 44 E :ontXf Shovld bc Rcpresented.p I Oct I7 Ex *cte Committee Naied .p 10 Jan 47 F-all t letting Sti flr Kistim mii e .p 10 ()( 41 F rli1 F ci ...p 8 (t 39 Field Da, Planned-Iissinnnc( .p1 12 Feb 11 Field Sectai t eds Coopiation. .p .Olt 17 l,500 Reward 011(rud. ..p Ot t 48 Flood Contiol 1titted-(ketchaiai.p 40 Not 17 Full Timile Set itarl Propos d. .I I Fib 1i Georgia Group Bool to FSCA. .6 Setp 48 Hamilton I repiai Ca i. 10 Jan i I IItardee stokmint-a Pot Revwad .p 23 F-b i I ligh a, S;Lift-t ...1.1 D c 36 Look mt Ilh, As-ociation Neclinlg .1 IS n .)il :,f FSCA Mit, Mti ,i Noivimbr.p 1I Ott Ii FSCA Mleii at O. Pet. 18 O1t 47 f.;mttdi Shooting fay Bc Dit-l sted.ti 45i ) No1 Is Alatapaie Ciisi in Agrititfiniei .p 1IS Milt 4, Milamitas .\ r-rstd for Rustling .1 Ifl Feb 41 lid-Yci r l e t at Fort Pi r ,.p 3 lJul 48 I'SCA Xlidar lcit it 'alitdale. .pi 12 Aug 17 lidX I I M eting.p 1) IS .itti 7 Nasisat Count, N. Aliliated. .1 .1 Mltr 15 'No I itu e f L gislation .p 1 9 Ma 45 No Ftills al '11 Cot e-ition. ..15 D te 42 No frills, Kissiimmte .1 20 Jtni 13 No\. 1 1-15 Dittos lor Comenitionl.p 14 -Nmv 46i Open Ralmge liordcring oil Closed .1 1 .ll 46 f-SCA Opposes Li i Ceilings.p 8 Dvt 43 Orlildo Ilost ISCA Meet .p 16 Sel -16 Plant Cit 1915 Convention Sitc,.) 11 jim .15 Polii Adopted ill Orlando ..De, itt Probli m Ki, Ca llemeniil. 20 j i 11 Ploblei, Mlay (ome at FSCA Coit. p 1I Nt -48 Radvbaugh Named 1y FSCA .1 ',Iii -48 Assi .Rep. at Rail Rat I earring. .p 10 Jiat 38 Resolutions-Okec hohe,.p 21 Feb 41 'Riiring Nit Balsifult.ft 12 Jut 1 Saitar' 1itd Xlcti-F SCA Leideis.t 21) fMat 46 St. Ai g s il H ost O ldeXt Itd UNtr i .a. I i IC 4 St. Pet Comttetntion ..D c 17 State M.eing, N 17, OCala. i. 28 No\ .43 S .mmer Con1fe rc t i-.1uII. 28. .p 6 jun 1 1 Supreme Courl-Favor of Landowner 1) 25 Ja il 1 Supitm Court lileas Trespass Cise.p4 10 Ja1 il Taking Cattle off Hlighways. ..1 5 0(1 36 36 Asso. Rpesent 39 Counties.1) 9 Aug 417 TIicks T opi, al schbring ..1p 10 Dec !8 T our of Oklechlobec-ConN. Feliture. 1 1 1 jin .11 T respass C ...,.p1 26 J[;mi 41 Trespass Ca.p 27 leb 41 Trvpas, C it. .p jitt 41I .S25,000 Budget Adopied-C ,'kwiston. .1 141 IliIn 41i iJ I aM te A til ) ilig MTI. f1t Ii NIv 48 VOltusia Ass'll AliiliitCSv with FSCX.p 1) Aitg 17 \\arto* Plobltms Dis usstd .t. 1 5 Jill 42 War Pioblem-Feature I l,. ) 8 Fb 42 W illiams R -E 'lemtd ..11 Fel 45 Wtilliams to Rvtrseti SE, Ci(ago .1 9 jti 13 FIr-itdiNttBut Xlcit it I; i-Sat. .1, 11 Dec 44 Iloridian s Sct ll fli Dot n ill .p 4 Sf uN 1 8 loiidm44 R19 c ill It 1 x ..1 : MaY .48 FOLKs, J101IN Sim Culling Im .port N t .i 21 Ott -18 Food-For Freedom .I.1) 2: No 41 Redceimd Suppl\ Shim, Need .1 2 SE) 4I Fmragw C rops lor, Dairn Cattle .,p 1 12 Feb 18 F~oRI, joux Farimt Bltiau Nwiii.p 1 Dc et .21 p to No 12 Fori X crFair feib. 1722 ..1 it 11 For ca t 5til t Sto k Shit .p 12 F 'i FORBF1. RAosh C. Opportunity Knofkiulg ;t Domr. 1) Ar :\ 1)1 : Opporttnitt Knoikt, i Southeast,.) 7 Ma 13 Foutii Florida Stlok Shoo, IF i (n ). 1is Mar 8 [UIIr Ci intu it'If F t. Rauiiinig. 9 J n 44 11 Club-Souti Ixid (Ed) .ft I F b 41 1liiit Is Faf-R c in g.p 18 Jin 4 Gill AT'lls IiCret of Succss .1 25 ifar 11 Miibili ShowI 1,000 Steels i it Ga. 11 Aug 44 :t,00,000 Clubbers Feed Meat Animtials 1 4 Dec 15 ForI 1t et 1II ii fIe t C ti ll or id.f .6 Sep 47 1i Iields Now Reprc-rtitedi in S te.1. 20 Sei -134 Cow Ile Dvelopmiiti fMaws .p 4 \i, -44 Plans Kisiimme. t A tiadia Show. .1 35 Se 14 [Tom1 Kitb New Ptt ident .1 N' i .11 I t trner Is I, Ii lad ..47 Sell 417 Firue Pless. W hat 1 Is 4 d) .1 4 N ov :19 Friend Ii Cattle Industr (Edi) .8 ii, j8 Fuelrt Pitc FSCA Meeting (Ed). ft. 1) lii, -48 I-taUit til idustr tip 1) Legis. (fEd ) 6 Apr 17 Fil. (AtlSottnt 1, E1. [I -48 IAmt-s NamlJohilson Pt. .27 Sep 5 FIItUrv larnitvs flat, Rertv.j 142 OCt 43 FneIttee Atted iti i .i 7 Dec 3 i Florida Il, National Prte'it.1. 9 No 37 Floor Plans fo lE positiott Review l.p 1 1 I, o 4 G (1lladeitWitult 1lc44 4-H and FFA. .1 26 jun 48 iobai MatintaN Oietitock SXvond.p 18 .1111, -I8 Gan sil -al H re Sh1ow.1 4 0 D c 15 Ohe Stiltlituers AtXttetd Sales. .-. .p 28 jun 47 Rodo Colorful Hliltor ...p 7 Apr 41 G Rm, Dwiwitr R. C:lttle & 11ndianlls. ...1) A pt 8 Giii Sitis Jx I he South Sit liiSto.p 6 0)1 1 General Pub. 1Inorantl cal, l (d). .1 All, 1 Gecici New letad Angtusmen. p 4V Apr I I G(iit Al (11 p. .1 12 54 1)5 GibsoSitle f ie Oak, Bull 1525 .1 21 Jai 47 Goals Hceavicr Cattic Vlarkcting. .) 11 Jio .5 Golden lots alit( latims. 1, 21 :A\ I 6 GoldenHors oi Moro .8 Ott 8 Good Gass Not Enough. .Jun 1) Good, A Y; r I (fd)Il.41 i 1 14 7:; Gok crnotrIhe G;o, crnot (EdA). .,.1 1 8 A 1r 37 ts Pltitad With Raing. 32 Apr 47 Speaks ;it Amtual Dail, fidld DaN .1 8 0( t 3:) G( ertimnt litciti omid (FA) .1 42 Dec -1. G r adi g (:tll ..41) A Ii :119 Gwxmu'eci. H. j. I turning Agaii to lIi\i-,ttk ...1. 6 Aug :if) Giand Chtampion Steer to Jiaksiillc.p 22 Fel -44 GrIl ndson oIf l 12,5140 BulIIl Conics Sati I I 18 jl 4 G ss f tai See Also Greta, S. XX Alti,,, C iffl,-att-le Ask Forest Con. 1 4 .]til -4 Burning I hc W ood .p 5 j l 37 Itur to D-i lop Caipet Gras Pas.p 19 Scp 42 Forestnr as Complement II Gra/ing.p 13 Fib 4 W ood Files. .p IS jul 37 Woods-Burning Comment .p 18 Ag :l7 Grass,. Bl(ding. Win r Fet1dint g .f.li .p8 F-i 43 Gi--at SOluau,, itcaIt Sii, MItgaItVIr. 4) H Sii 412 Gree oss or Safety (fd) .4 JLIII -4 (GRim:, S. W. lihe Fo stl Th FitMtad .p Aug '7 Ffeti of Fircs it Orgami Xl Matt-i.41 7 Sep :17 iElitil of Fies )ii Organi Matter.p 7 11,4 .;7 G i -enliand Sell .f1t17 SX I Ili Griallbs Hosts to Wash. Calm .p 7 Jil 13 G i ftS RtCliveS j(tSu ClUb C .Sa 1 11n11 1 Gr114 Bef o thS Filtr .p 10 Xok -44 Guenis--Field Da ,ial Dinsmo .1 21 jun 11 Breeders Field Dli, DiIsloir. 4 10 f-a 4h ;titl a tll Organied. 1 12 Apr 38 Coisignors Nined toi SSa .1 1it -A)g 42 Dinsmorc FlIrida, Milk Retold .p1 12 Apr 12 Fioc Boll, and C ist) bc Sold .1 9 Mfar 1o Largo Sale Oil. -l.244 .X)0t A 6 O t 19 Siae Dilat. 1. p 29 Ali 44 San tt a itiL go O t, 20. .g. .I f i O t 417 Guine s-Break Rcord i Lt go. ..) 6 ( t .12 Ai age aiti85 i 6th Selling ..1) 2. Dc -44 Bring a 298 t Li ngo .p 47 D c -47 :4 Sell t; LIargo. Ott. 25 .p 6 0 i 145 G4eorgia-Florida S e, LAk City.1) 8 Ot .11 G2orgia Show t it Well_ ....1 29 Aug -41 Gulf P isuePogramn Underway. .1 23 Jan 4I I Gulflt ream Ritcing Begins Do,. I .1 23 Dec .7 Lakemont One of Largest Hitds. 1) ,! y 4: Lilrg" Sets New Hligh AN. S205.67. .1 12 MN Il 4 11 I tanat illc Safe 1 ..ft 31 a-IIg -4l 'to Go on Sale t Largo t i 1. 21.p: 6 0,t 43 10P S1100, Alcrage IS413, L argm.p r 37 Dec 15 38 A Xage S404. Fla. Cm, T----.---p .12 No%43 29 O ferd I ak Cit .,. 1 Sepl .1 i2 S il a l Laigo Ot t. I ..1 .OX it 1i I he IT ri--l ti l Golden O s .I) I Sl p 37 Minot Jonecs 111. .., ._.p 28 Feb 46 II iI aI L l i i 4r.p 1 i A g 445 'Itho ic, ). fatt e w s .p 1 3 Aug -51 L B. M lcl od ., p 7i it :47 Norri att, l t C t ..14-11 jta 48 X ieinrt -.P l tin .Xt i 34 iaI 4 Si t mtaiott Rathi .35 Oct 45 Ii^ lIit o1. CPastil les Painted, Bulls Bought. 7 1 an 14 'tamipshi fas-Newl I---Moll Popular p 26 Ot 4 IHAfsCOtiCts ASsA J N 14.H11 Gi lls'-l, S et of Scet .1.f 25 Ma 4 1-at, Will Caig-Not A Bad Lab-l.t 8 jan 42 Haid -Ilastings Wi s judging MleeI li p 34-f F1, 47 littlel oa f, i Bills ---00 -. .1) 17 11, -11 Div ril( is K Niot .p 18 Sp 45 Ilee,-it iler I sc, Dates Balk.1 15 S 4 I hi Specore of Kissime Guldih. 1 7 Nov 17 1aim~lla Rate ()n March 21 .1 46 \Mart AS flHt Drier Ma SolF-e--d prob-.4 .-X tu ) Le,,k and stui e mpr1111 -sovm t.s -9 Nut i Q Wisli loo css Offes Atsssanm. .1) 19 all I I HicndIcron Rac-BatflPatclp11 Aug -13 Hiendt-rsom Rlmoh Sides .p .15 Nov 15 H1ExNDICHS, WVANI'TA G. Appaloosa Horles Sought.1. 32 Mal 15 lcllecy licrd < f Devonis Biggest .p 7 May .4 IINExt, \V W. OScola Co. Boys TIrail-Cattlemenvi.1 1-1 Mav 3,4 W inlier Beef Cattlh. .1 9 Nov 36 111,LZANN, A^RY Clemons G;vls Lakchand TIitle .1 3 1 Feb 45 Riders Help Willson Ratliff.p1 27 Aug -4 1 hereford flog Originatcd fin 1902 .1 3 1 Mar 11 11-1 '101d-Offere d By FlOridials .f 341 Ott 17 Aided Cattle Improvemen1clt. 1 -11 Fell 47 Atation Octobvr 23 ..1) 5 Olt 42 Bowle GIrzing 11ncreses Use Of .,.p1 :N .11 48 Brecder s Invited to join Assn. ..p 3,1 Ilic 417 Breeders Offer Better Bulls .1 4-11 FebJ f8 BreedIs Plan Sale .p1 23 Ang 4li Bree~dcrs Urgcd to joinl Assni.p1 38 Nov 417 B 1)gh bccoid iedurs ..1) 9 Apr 411 11::2 b ils r ugh It ;m .1 1 Fell 4t I1ii,l D Good it Rough Pasturl.i.1a 6 11 l 418 Bullt Gie(.I l IiC of ( t I 1 i i 4 Bull, to Bu sold.-Ki-s. Xlrkut ..) 8 May. 48 Iia ( nt PIi / ....f 28 (li 4 1FA Chapt E pcxplim wili till 4 1 Mar -14 4. Ofiitd ill XLI A io .1) 128 Mllr X 4li 143 O illed l t 4 it-t I. I. .ft Ii Nun 43 Gioup Nat .htlhciHad .1 31 Noo 4 ],i I\v js Onc If I III ....I 7 Atig I 7 \lotic I han 14Of it, (iti t ii I tletr1.1 41 2 li 48 Sliilti ie Xlio 23 Ile Sti.48 \It 44 Ntia ri t Rl R por I. ...I 7 l I -4 New, lkm ;t 1919 Salc .p It IS 0 48 1918 Shim ; i l SAl ....732 Apr 48 P ftei Fin] frlarid (ood lii. 1 20 Aug 4 It-ets ,n tt n44.:4-XIv 4 .p 32 Jill 47 Popuir il A;lim2a. .124 i 47 Produi ing .Itiax B-i ...I f.-i 41 c Rtnge Boll, Atlt irq S29 ...1 41 jun Is RIcord Endur41 lo t I n I-----t-. ) -l Set 48 Rupirt oni Mooulii Saile. 1. .10 Apr 41 Sa at O alt S pI1. 27. .1-7 Sep 434 Sitl Sti t io ls to be Alnotlitd. .IS lin 48 Sal,S aipet (u fia l; i 18-19 .t 9 'lil 43 I'how P'lans Bcing Made. ...3-1 D", ll Sti,i SAi Iclb 20-21-. ..--.p 8 Jan 47 litate Show, Planned Fell 17 .1, 36 .Apr Il Sell at Moultit. ...1 21 Sep 44 Second Southlititn Sal--.-10 Apr 42 Sotincat t K Xcp iiany-jiakon Sale p 19 No 42 16 Sent it Ilentxkoi, ..22 Aug Ili XI,1t Ar \ flat I o, Afa .t ..X. .1---D Fib I rft s-Pii.,lti led-Rtist-is il Sooiui at p 21 jun 43 Bo gul i in 1900 .N o -48 Sell it ou ltri a .) 21 Sepo 44 S;l ;t aoult i .1 10 Ji m A Sell D .9 .1, 10 N -14 TAsito I I Ii S utleIat.p 144 i M m :41 lu-ad-I-inaiting if Btillt XXWahion .1 9 Jan 1i Ift-naidrs (lit.p, 1 jull 40 M llm lgemnil fiuporlimt (Ed)I. ..4 Sell 44 XIerntiido-Field D)ai ieid ill .1-,---.-. -IS Set 4-6 Second Shw No. .ft 23 Nmi i Sto k Sh t 01 .M ...41 N t -I8 H Gran(ets Hiigh ABBA\ Office.p 1,:t Apr 418 1 ial ah. I Gi f igi DX. ...,. 10 : 1 -ti17 I fidis-Ca l t it faki tti I lt--. 1) 1 N v 4) Discrimination igaLint on Wa -4. 1I Apr -I lantdle ( re,-cill f-tt W\X Fat for .iti I t J;m:4 I I High Prics Noted ill Bccf Mall.i p : i D-c 48 I Highlands-t-A .I i-idDotitatta. 1 21 lii 12 Ca la-itit-i Ki-p Xii t ..) 26 No\ I Fa m anacm F-limted.1) 22 No 48 Highlights of Cathu-. Patuir Toli .I li7 Dv( -:1 fighticw Herd P .tte i-sy Tt I t. 1 itSip 44 ffigwiati Finting-Dut Road Dept. .1 I li :l7 H ifat Host Al Calf 1 5 l i d .1 21 Se .17 Hlillsboro-Cattle Mlechdma.,. 1)1 Aug 3 8 Contest Orga ied .1 26 jun 46 .Marks X. Brands Law Viodetr Fir ...1, 1 M a, 1: Sil-S t r' Slipp ir Iti I. .l f Xltx 4.4 li'mcls. L. M1. pellts Piodiuc S28.9 otit-.120 fl 48 w ing i r Plisit Ari I-agd.p 1)Ii Mtau 37 Hog -Jfullclill is Rclcased (Fill .1 .1 jan 16 946 Profit (tai b Ifigh .,. .p :4: Noii 16 I logs Raised \ I-If'irs ii Sauta Rosa ) 19 Se-i -47 H old E: A r thing! .1 5 Noi 39 Iaollaid Commniud-s Planning.ug p 18 Ma -44 Hlalin'i BUild RtUna in jungle.gt p 22-11 Not 46 I lsti lr iedi g R ita-t h, .--.-. 12 Jl i Ilfotlltus (at. IDtaii Show Sul ul .ts p12 c c 4I lipki hit, Firit 'T op i llt S l .1, 42 (1 -18 llolty. T. Rcatoning laiIP .f td tulsa'. .2:; Feb -47 Hforns Arc Expcni' .\(. t 10 N ov 4 1 lorsX-Ag Deteui-by T--th. 25 Ot -II Group Affiliates. ..a. .t iu t -35 fll 46 Important to O(II ilts Gala Fouith. .1) 12 jull 44 NAtt Of Greter finportan---.1) 16 ltat -42 Pf'i Viltil Role itl Cattle Histor .t ) 15 A 41 t Progress Made in Imlraot ingu.t. t -1 : Fel I3 RCitatoing P0w, Buo11d Slope.p 23 F 1i SXcoti Carloui-Malion (:ounty. p 116 tat IlI Sai, for f4l Year-. ..--p 16 0)1 4li Show and Raing in Jauitany. p 25 Nv 1 SlimS, Rod o. Kit. Apr .ii .-1 s A ri 48 Hlotsr oF THEl MomTl Alexander Bodir. .,-.,31 jalt 1, labl Sist.--..29 N I I Big ( i f-.-. p 27 lc-i -4 Bo m FNi. 2: N .it 1 Buidd' W ilton All-n. .p a .lila 4 C irilcutl ------a .,.f .1 a la 1 0 1C -c ..,.,.9 25 A uig 16 Diuttnt, W aggoit-.I .p 21 Se A3 G h11t 1igi .1 ) I 44 Golden Chap .,.--..-,33 Sei 'I Iit horn le -. ..) 27 jut I5 Hil-Stitr's Sli -r Bm --. -15 Di .1 I Im T orpal.,. .1) 1! jun .1 .1 im .......I. ..) :17 Ju l 4 joe Palooka. .1).,.-I 27 Sug 4I King KI-g -g.-.-.1) 2f Felt 4 6 Kitg T -. -.) 25 \-ii II I tutle t Argt ti -.---p i Slut M I. II'cSid -i. X y 45 It Sit -a-k-.p 13! Set 4 I ieter M Cue 7th., .,_ .p 43 Si t 43 so lff irn ...., ., 39 ja l 46 T ilff ......p 33 \ a 4l 5 40 Cowplinchers to lorse-1936-1939 INDEX Tile Florida Cattleman

PAGE 45

I a 8-i .......I ..p r -, 5 Vam a e ....-. .-..6 6 4 T ra .Aen ...A \o, i ......-+ ...--...-.......2 7 F e b 1) 1 (]Igg', If", ......l! J;m I 4 I lui le, .1 ;5 Dc( 'i i R'wew il --+ -9 Sip i l ia ....5 lltahny C .............1 29 1. n c 5 1, simx \VaCLki ..p .N. 45 i \ XIt N -e .ii ..I .I. X.i. 7 7 Shol Opens :Ini i ., 20 l.i I Ilox, M u i I m1ger, [Ad ...18 Apl :;7 %to \ill Thew C;mndkbh e Rn ..1 Apr -10 llow \ Hg& im)ur A(I Alliet ]]lnd. 1 .11 Apr 10 iv, X, Xa.i\Vi ., i I I il] ii It'' i i I ii I i X iel V lduition lsintiAi, Am.p 10 Setp 1, Il Wl,-, \ l Ii _,, P -'. p ..I ling lihulm lho, on x1111imo Melmu. l Apr 40 Hurrhanc Seasmn ( FId) ., ...-1 11 Jun -10 ( so, Al", S ndI rs. 1), A. S,-, Al'o shealv. A. l,_ liraloanl Motr C"Ittl Arric .I 10-11 D c I o (Xhin cgu i ill ITe t R l .rid .1p 211 Ang 48 Culling I h l-ld II m IIIoflit. .1 1 s.p :!1 I Hoo1 t f Climat 11,il Prod.,. ..12 Aug N Io W ; M AOW llreldinl, it, 1917. ..1 ];mi 17 FLI. Rai-d sit cr Grad, AA .3o Maxv 16 (dlii il n iiii if, I .P Ii Sil 42 Iliiii io (-, S I10 11 "1 I mpo laii .1 21 Dc( 9 1 6 Herrmnanl Feclicitatc, 1 win o w "net .,3 Se) 18 Illu ideds A Xtnd ihl 1).y. 1 26B Ji1 -is I I' to Fit :'I'l Show' liccil Steer -.1) 10 Nov k d6 I -pIc(I I c, 011en l 1 ri n C 1% inItl i 2 b 1:11 I Ii .11il.Lewis Aod i iisii I-,Xi im i Ilp 8 Ain, to Mcilh. (11 Show\ Finishing Slock Exp'd 1) 10 Oct 43 Ona Fi-ki Da D:1 Crowdu.u. 1 A 1) Pl-ebm d Ifest Itor C o bred in-.p 10 Dcc 418 small AoICeag SIIPPOrts Cow, Calfi M 0IT .\N-v 47 T[lre' CAii Il -Gin 2 lb .7;il\ 1) .p ii Sip 4S W\,ighlt 1-1 50%, COMM")( ial Held.1) 5 Mae 46 Mho Good M ills-.........I5 0, t tokes' 'lie;' A "Ie lle for T'1 u ..19 Sep 42 1811ioi, G0 25 IoI "h I li l CMIle. .1 :Ii Sep 5 .mple111 liti. ia npowerieieid.[ .1. II 1 1 \Il -18 Importance of Amnuale Recmlrds.,. 1 12 Acug 37 I~inirii ixi iiik ActkitN Nd.p 29 Jun 411 Inresig niret in R (hn (Ed .6 Ji i 47 in loli OAk 1er Glad C ).p 2 jail II itoeniv Agiultre SeCl 11.9 \pi (,ler(ional Ofien, No. 29, Chicago.p 1. Nov 311 (lii, He li Aii lOmPli ihiM.ts.p 12 ci 42 Jaon Plled ShOw. .1) 7 Set) 12; p) 6 Sup 4 Jakson. Ia. L. n, r ins CIi1lmen. .1) 1i, Juln : I Jamei', J. P-S 00 0 Paid lilt Btxll. lt Apr 4IS Bull Noji-l I j. l ig Ird io Fema .28 i l IS ja obs.Ilr. Sell, XI uMi f O Herd. 1) 45 Oct 18-Xh ii ims New sire lor I let-< .r .4 I i SeII i liii I f I t hig ad.t ...p) 2:1 Sei A1 J(r)A,7 i.i1) 30 Aug 15: p 38 ()-it 4I Ar i to r-i tt ilX ;1 (;liiille ..1). l 1 ) ec 4o 1lrceders 1 1r fo R'Iegistrx .1 20 Feb, .11 CaMllv Owners Organi/C ,. .1) 12 A r :38 Club to \Ject in Det'md ..1) 19 Mlax41 i l Draws 700,--.I.) 21 Dc 3 7 1 1'"i s 111c"91c r i il ii Al ette.,, 10 Olt .12 nItgg ReXelii Ji1 rS1i Clb hilC.Ip.p 19 J11m1 4] K,, In , erd Di,,,r1e for S '!,S. .p 12 fill 42 19 """ Ali lage S171.1:;. 1) 10 1)1 -17 s:"l l'"(11e for Ocd1:1 Max 26 .p 1) J i l NJ;, j! sui5 to Foll Daiii miIi, 's Mccl. I ...1 X i 4i lloow. S:"" u ut .......341 Aug 441 sit ii al e iii il la d ..1 22 Fe 41 I niGil, Blooded cw .p 1) -iiin 1 d iX/ ialad liin 31) of lili Iu Dcl 8 Xiiiiiii .r1y O crd .1 37 Sep 14 : 1) -)oct +1 Wll liii, 11r8d il X ie R lmd .12 X) Aug 46 d l. I. 18 J l Kit,1t, M ,i Iniit abvto Aet Sept :I(;3 Sep .11 (i .]Ielefords f i Ito -soulilat. P 1t Mx -I9 joiliK jX. A5. lo'Ii %\ -otn Colur I ..0 14. Feb 3 7 d"i II Iccl Won ix Jiuior--.-.-.I) 28 Apr 4S K Kee lete l, om ilctc Goo(I Year.p) IS Jilm .1 ( Fallg i m y Welt"" ]"Cd (Ed) 1) 1 Jun 12 Ilog. to. 0,ir Hted il Linc .1 15 Oct 38 Kce cN J-I;Ill Trrd Io L;1fayeltt .., i De 4 Kiie el .32 \[:I 44 Ills. R .W n Labor Comlollttec.-p 11 Oct .11, nsl~ug Cll~uNc oil Beef Gradel.pS Aug -12 Ringl s q F ed R s ls .....21 Olt -17 King1 F11%ed b BIOylC-. 1 59 Atig47 K*ng Baimans (Ed) .6 Mec 47 Kor An ills Showkin. .10 Apr Al Little loteo S Kirhv, Dur .al 11.). .0 a 0 K ull "' I ke' 1o1011nos.P 41 Oct 45 R'" te OYlel FJ'kin1 Well ho Flit. 1) 12 Ma, .15 ul's l" ( Provin9 ()tt. 1 28 12 47 fo Anuary, 19a0 Citill Feeds il bleOna .2. 1l1 Olt 18 MinerAl C onu t l ionl Studied .1 12 .[ill 15 Ona Siaim lli P i, lla d P t. .) 1 Se 15 P1lel Piodc .28.93 Profil .1p 20 De I S Ili of Limton. ....1 7 Fe l L! .Sele,(ion .1 Feeding If Catthe.p1 6 NLIN An som11 st2 1ceding Result. Mi s Valtw of \Intel Parts of Itt-cl.p 8 M ar Ill isimmi -~ letici Cowb is Aim ...116 Sepi 17 Oppoiu it h l Xd) ..p IS ic, -9, XXiBll Sell, at SviO,0i .i 2 Ag 1 1911 Shm ..) 30 e l p 128 (lot 1 19411 NIO(Lk.p1 7 0( t 41; 1) 10 \N v -11 1 12 till% i ..1) 1 1 b 42 BI kn is hinmp ai kiiX Rodo.p -11 Ma Ili Ditig Moru Ih, Novel Attration .p 1, Aug Ml Ki,:inla Xiii i1,-H Pig WXki. .17 Jan I I Slatli-uiloik smitai .Board .1) 7 Ni 36 ls olel, jollli liui li i Xppa iii. .p i S-jan -16 6mi I op full X oi Si( .p 4X De '16 kno\nille Offer, !9Il ead Ma, 4til.p 1) :;I a, I I King Kleberg\\'ti Ito lit S la ia ..29 Feb 4I 1S W i iler 01 11 o il \\i lo II M Nii 1 .1 129 7 ac IS Klr-i ( Cll wi Coanlirie l a llu d.p 1 ii Aug -1: i-abor MO meeting. P ik. 13 Sep -16 I-;glK of XiiiiAls Coting Ct men.p 1 21 Dex 18 ake Jc I ial iill) rg.i/.d.1 26 No\ Iti iimd (Cu bll Helps Work Cale. ..p 21 lit 41 Sii ill-i operator Activ.i 20 Fell 41 :1 1 lbigli-t Xeads Voli .i i \men. 12 Jan -11 La inbertlIerd ip a Field Dil I ( 1),. a 4 58 Headt( Averages 1)6. .....7 .111 'it Off2 r 50 H( il CaIlden Cti.i .p I I Sep 42 La ige i Cattlemen's Co-op .1 Oi Aug 1 Largo-siti Nei, igh .p 12 Ma -17 in Readiness For Sale ...p 6 Sei 42 I N allied Sit Foi Sale ..1. 2,1 J it 1 .1 1 LA.RSON. HlARRY rki I lc iir. .p 21 i ui i ; 1) 21 jarif41 : 1) '12 Feb46: 1) IS Mar-If: 1) 20 Apr 16: 1) 1.1 Malto: liiiiii i lL ll li 5ii p) IS Xiii5 -1) 1, 22 Max4 : 1 l45I4 i 31 Sup15: 1) 26 Oct 4.): 1, 4: Nox45: 1) 28 Dv(15 l ii1% II B. E.l sXiieis of Catlmn in Blroiid. p Ii Slp -S La-.Z Plantation Model Ravuh .1 8 Aug 43 Iliiilr Indusir-ossible. ) i Max 47 tanniin Soc Holds i k Slt .uii 1p (9 Ma 16 Iev cattlemen organic ..p I7 04,t 47 Legislation Affecting i ttle Industr .p 5 Ma 37 Legislatiii i Io nd-Up (F ,).X ..' 18 Jun 39 igiliiial, Year (Ed).p 1i I'Mar 39 1,egi sIa It irc,194 3 Model (E d ). 4) 1 WI 43 icon-Good Bull, Are Gl, .i. .p 411 Fell 11 Coi ConI ,t Reords Made. 1) F, t It el -18 Con I figgeSt Yet ...p 6 1iiic 48 Third Xinnu l Coi n Coniei t .1 15 Jan 17 8;3 ii IS Iis-Y; s iil A re.,. /. p 1 4 Jii 17 Let's Get Dow to Business At Ocala. 1 No\ 413 LoisW. A. Botcel Pallures f~or Better Cattlv. .p1 12 Jul ")9 LwIs,% L. Ht. Fait, R latim to Cmil Ind r .ii, ..1 7 Tll 37 25 I ad Go Tlo 1-1. f-om F I ..1) 36 Se -15 MtarLikt Clal.ii s & Grades of Call"'. .i.1i 8 Ju -12 xa i~n ke ui g C:;likes. .1 17 lan S Market Summary. 11 Oct 37; 1, 12 N\oN 3 7 Problms If Cattle .nusr.p 1 10 Apr 1,7 Rclalion of Si/c to Price of Cattle,. .14 Aprll 38 Tr~tding Florida Markels 1) 9 F0637; 1 10 Mar 17; It 6 ssm36: 1) l Aug37: 1) 12 Dcc3W; 1) 9 Sep37. Lcowis. 'To Rex. J. E:,ail. (E:,d).p 1) 1 Maylxi 39 leicIIs Ihm I D i I I) nII mIIs trI;,t e Gra Id inI .52 Ang 17 I iEoIs. V. W. Reflection of' Progiess in South .p 1) S -a\ a -1 Luitle IniternlationialCllllegic COwb s ]till" 'Emt Iigh,1 At.]) 10 A r' -10 ,'hI.w k Rodeo, Unixersil\. .\Ili 22. .1 12 ApIn 39 ,,,,r F[k h gr in Wct Phoces. 1 17 Oct 48 L etck-FxE Insion Work .1 5 1a it, :! Firns Plarmned-st. Pvtc Mfan ..1) 1 ul 4111 .G H ardev Fair sim(Issful .1 21 N a 1 i, II 1 :cOmle ('p 395%,,, M er 1940 .p 1,:1 Acif IS I dusMrN's Job ill W attimit. 1) Ang 42 Ill Flor ida ..1) 3 O ct 'Ili 11, HM aii .,p 1 12 Se -10 MartsI Pla\ Pari Iin Mhrketing .p 13:7 Maym 47 N ibes i t Record Iliigh Levet. .2 \M I .12 O utlook. A Th ...,. 1 15 jan1 :Il Prices Madte A Bevar Ralid Poole.1) 8 A11 Op. '1 Producitionl-Oniv-TIhird Incomev .p 1) AOt 43 Prodn Iionl Trenlds. .p 1) I Jul :Is Shilmnts-Thling,, to Avoid .,pi 17 Ain38 Ih w ItLo a Fairs ..4)-0 "M ar IS8 Ahow itte Fo p i. 1 8 M al 3 Shews 11mp(ort:nt l to 1 rr \I Fifort .1 -1 Il -12 S I .\ xilil B c A t S tate Failr. 1 6 J;m1 38 TIrain \%'(-I R cccived in State .p 1) Dec '10 Lkiestock Association Show Work .1 23 Jun 418 Putrp-c 'hI,, Ser \ t. 1 7 Occ '16 Loan F'mnd-St. Pete Bank Start s ( EctI ) .1 Apr 41; LoAie J_ I \t L. P ,xcllln Malt. for Fed Steers .p i)" Mar 41 Low c Grant Ranuh-Use (If Arabians. .1) :8 May 48 1.1c k'o Iob-Wxlins at Palatka .p 1)"3 Oct 46 WI % i n M II %Ia v 17 -1 A ss I .Tr IiaIs .1 27 Jufl 47 L% kes. IHowell T. Pioneer. ..1) 19 Sell 412 MACDONAID, AIA\ I 111ltiii Ild Idustry. MALONI JIM Association Will Sponlsor CatMlc Sht Li istw k Show ill State I :oir Xi. ARK AND BRA'si iiId -ispc-o-, Ai Named. C Xatl ini Behind %i CIttlemen Should Coopeiai. Law MisNilderstood law isled .... 1I ,e-ors Na i ed in 30 Cos. ..-. FSCA stildies Brand Legislation .Loscs Due ilo 11mpropur Bland Marks :mid Bramds FSCA.-.Superxisor to Work Under Boarid. :ic Cos. Organli/d M K. "lBand ..Xi ii 38 .p 1i Fel, ., 1 Oct p I Aug I Nii. ..1, 7 Jiii .-.ii I i p 27 .Xiii 6 NI .1 29 June 16 1-1 is IS 17 iS 19 19 17 AT Mal Ivioi, Calini u:.a-l.io,.17 Si-il IS M hi r Buill inllesoto .p 1 il Aug -17 Mla or Sale 250 A in s old. ...1. 22 lok -11 MAkinlon-salddie 1(pl. in Opiation.p) 40 Apr -11 tole S-vd idiitri Mai Yi,.p 9 Jan 1:1 Stor of \X. B. Like Erlai Hlitry.1p 7 Aig :9 XIilmig Ciii ( ..p 8 Sep 38 X n, -xhibit, Co. Faii Boni Ii,-. 2 J:im I2 \ l i i a n n, a S t .l -oX p .fX, i L -i i i l l .....1 1 2 D o i 0 iarion FFA W i k Establi hed ., I I Jar 7Marion 0 1un11-fimportamt ill Lileslock.1)8Jn 1 Kingdom (If the( Stil important .1 a f Mlarkeing-CGike .....17 ----Jan 3And Produti n of Cales in Fi p 6 Jul 37 Belgins ..P -, x 11 Iiiphiai id i0i Ci-i I. .Xi 2p18 F1ilitiis Refi ci (iowthi .I i N lS Ila, Conn. Long W\'I,. ...1 1 1. :\ -I Poiiueri 1 Bee li C l. ..-1 1 S-p :1XI uir Sce Also Lewis. L. H1. AXiion Markets For lite Stock .ii 12 N o Alitionl W ill Boost lillploi liini. ) I S 1 1 l ii li-Wi kli Sale Hfeld -il S-ll ig. 1) i Ni\ Classes 8' Glades of Calhes .--) 8 J t11 M 1), Jiiii Sex ic i Ii .8 Au Eal marketing Ned-Lwii.Ip 18 Jul 44 Ex\pamsion of' 'Marketing in Fla .1 6 .]till I Fc-I. Prics High i li .5 1 p IrI ( 1G iii liit Ii'ges in I-li .1 !1p fu .1 6 Histcry of' Likestocki-Horney .I 27 De( 46 N-u i25.00 Sto k Yards .p I ay : 8 (b1,-err Suggests lupoid. I-.l. ) Apr1 4 S1.527,13 .87 Goc to Sto mimt .i. 1) 10 Aug I1 Ord ly i Aliuketiniu MOSt Dlsiibl .11 I Jl11 It Ill-iei Ip and DoN,11 in JuI -. .--p 12 Se-p I Quotas Dcrieasi d Offerings .I. 13 No, 46 SX vice For Muiers I' Seller ...1 17 Oct 18 South Florida Niw Market Faciliti 141li Mar 38 siiumari p 11 Jun 3i): 1) 8 Xai P9 p 10 ApI 39 lampa's stokald Must Fill Need.p I A1r 45 V iritof Markets firFloida .1) 2 2 jul -15 Webster Mait Grosses Oir Million.p 20 Jul 4Mann, G. --. Rill Cindeella Ball. p 16-11 jNo 18 M rill. s, .1). Fla. Cattleman Atends -intXn'l.X. 5 Jim 41 iicfOrdl Aided Fla. Cttle m .8-11 Fb 1) 47 iMauttihws-RE,-r-d. Resolution iiEdi.1)-Oct 7 Cali s Fai ured -i Bulletini.1) 9 No\ -IS Held Will Be Continued .p1 53 Aug 417 M Xii, W il'i'lv Il 1. Cattle Hl ies ari R\iii, Mate ial .1 12 Iir 5 Ni \ o. N \I IiiI N Slii xesto k in Florida .1 Ol t IS XiCartilh Bl, y i argi. AIcuiage.p 197 Feb -1I McC i, C. W. Lenceit I hen Fditor.p 10 ]:eb :1 ; 1) 11 Ott :18 McCCIuLIA JACK T. Houston Plans Fill Sleek Site;\. p 15 Feb 38 I ouslon i Xi, ositio ll i. ..7 Fcb XIat-Adcrtisin Strikes Chord (Ei).-.i -I Sell Dog Food Outlet fill Pioii uts. 1 S : Ji 412 L ivestock at Woild's Pair (Edl) Means SIl.661,000 State 194111.p 1, 1 10,t 42 iMemphis Iir-forlI Shoow h i gest .p I No\ 1I Xlia i-tkaX ing Big Days .p i:2 Jim Xliik P-od auction R codi. YSai .)p 26 Jan 1 1 Mjlcncims. Hai.Bolt, & DxI~lunto isio (A Quarter HIo s .p 1 .Jun 15 loda' Quarter ioir Tl p .i1l 28 Jul 15 lit L h9hiiie Pri/c Bull. 1)4 Ma-47 iliid Bottle Lo Se.Phi .IP lmi. -1 Mar -42 Mli.I 1). Gimv Dairi Record Pr~ogram .1) 13 Olt 39 Xlii i>. .K. Un ICe S;Ill Par11ner Of Ca;ttlmanl.) 10 DeC 11 M illions Paid ito Floridiams. 1.p ;2 Aug Ili .Milks, E,. F. Plam, Expansion Mlarket.1) 32 Auig 46 hMiinral Suppilimii ts lo, Dairi Cat .1It Api :17 'Mist, II-W ilnner :u Show .-1) I Dee 47 \Vinnor at Orlando Rvces .p 1)1: Dec 47 \\Iis Feature Rao,-, Sariisola .1 2 .);i .18 Wiinier iiSiu shin. h ._.-17 Apr 18 Xhigi ndes:lIiding9 CAttIV BU vI>-SS p ( E .1)18 A 1i7 Model Dairy Maina'gen ..) 8 M ar1 38 \fon1.1R. D)R. JOIIN R. Slock Raising in Swo lb Sider., Svp 19 Ioase. U S. ikigar Ilmr Tfelt .,.p 1):1 Jul 47 British-Carmadian Trirdc %,greement. .1 Jan .]Ii'9 MNIort gomery)G ets Top Bllttl ., .1 17 Jul 3 3 Pcinsacolan Bltys Top Animial .1 20 Mayl 42 Morgans For 2 Uses USDA Tests .p 36 Jun 4 6 1936-1949 INDEX-horses to Morgans 41

PAGE 46

Nlott, l. .-i eding CottonSeed Cake.1 41 Sep 39 Cottonseed Supplement in Wilter. I 6 sell .11 Mtttit Ilu I it-t I Iki I r ~ .i cc 1 Flit. Consignmrs :it Sill ........p 21 jun 12 Flit. Bmcers Take ITop. ........1 6 Dec 12 Fla. ArimatIs Split RiIIon .s ..8 No, -12 Fortidiants [tkv :12 Head at Salc. p 12 Itl -1 I xaI Scil W hiti a .11 No\ -1: Fiorida ll et s 'Iak :0 Head1. .k. 1 i .i a 4 Slum to Dvditale Auditoriumn. ...1 28 sjun 4f, lowost. New IIigh Speed. ..1 In j l M unrIllocCit i/ce, Il\ It Tribile to. ...) 1 7 jull IS George, Islate, G'ood I erefcords ..10 junl I S M urihl I ;dt sa hl I Iltter Bull. .p Ili No .18 N Nagof it he Ai citi-. ....p I t S t N;'tsat Sho Staged imt I llitIliof. .1 Ie >I Nat ional]lirl Sht Open Ott II.it 12 Stil -11 De elisC, \ hat Fla. C DoI. .I.t. Se Distribltion of Met Important ...11 16 MAi. N~rm Renlsi o1 Iitrom.C.t 25 Slat 2 N 'it ILL I. R.i II I kl ll le ) 1 til F-ee ips O d i Contest i t .t. .12 Atg l rc rd Show,. .\lvlmpllus ......9 1, 1 sell 4 HerfIord Show AtlaiN to M 30 Aug: -1 22 Svp44 Q ttly Ch(rttrtt i Si d i Atl ntt .px .1 8 Jut 44 S tcttst Represented It time i't jax. p 1 Non 41; Ni \AL, DR. W .. A In a uit ..It 1: N c 4 it its Feeds F or Cti tl.t it Jt 38 Cobalt in NMierid Mlixture. p 6 Dec :1i DeVfiCli IeiS mdings in BI CaIttI .p 8 Ag ,[8 ried Citrus ]ii-Da iy Rat ions. 1 14 Jan 39 Neal Returns to Fild.t 1) 2 ar 18 Nitttsclls Xl Od tttit ti1 (,liltttCoim Pasor [I-u. 1 23 Jitt -11 Need otr eat Ad ..i Florida. : 19 Aug [Ist PeIsnt ,utut Scr w Worms.p 8 No: 6 N .I in ing Plant, e NIag ( EdI 1) 4 6 J t1 Nw Got als Annot ued l AAA (Ed).p 1 Nov 43 New I Discmcei, Boost, Lard i, Shioit'g.p) 13 [lil 46 New oIrII Pap r Ltt ds F .Cattle.t. 21 Dec 40 New INrlod. Could .\dd I(, Mcat Suppl .1) 18 J1an 43 N ci Soil Pra tics of in est .tttti) 6 D[cc 43M Nvw Auwtion Mlart De~tiniak Popular 1) 12 jan 41 ei lax L m, E. .ined ..1 p 46i it -11 u Au tion k lit Opens ..1 n i-cit 17 ewbr r tt' lH isF.ding Skees .P Is -1.4 Next Month's 1,,ne if lineret (Ed). 1) -el I h itit-n Steers \\ without Grain .1) 8 Sep 25 ilit i ritt i Beef CA l SiitUttiOn-.p) 6 1McN 3 o TIlifoi I oilferi s ( itd) ....-. .p ..tM g -12 or i-Sells AIl Orl World .p [5 30 i 4 A ttt Part tSptlit lopt-ettAids .~it.a 12 M8 t Febii tile I s t0t00 A i i-s ti .p 12 jAp 4 I Cubans i lt 7,2 I ._.p 52 Junk :18 Finds Mailman, Best Producrs.p 6-11 'r 47 St eit W ill Ca ta -..p 3 1 Jitl -7 \\*ins in Cu .a .34 F b 48 North Fltg ioie Mart for Fla. liSte .p .1)( Apr 40 Beef Cattle Situation .p 1) G lav 38 Pasture Touri Completed .p1 23 join 41 Notes oil Animl Nutiion .,. p 13 Nov 38 Cattleilttain t. Giocc .20 At il5 Reduolion ml Clothl Asked ..) 24 \fit 415 Se >ls Be, ker. R. It., and Neal. DrI. W. Ni. Bi joe .I .t I> 1 Aug 48; p 10 Nov 48 -rt l o l s. ...........1 6 Sel> 411 ( al itsm in t tnimal t -rtion.1 1 Jai 39 Calves Hel Sol e Feed Prob .12 Set 47 Cattle oss i To Lack of Fed.) 6 D( c 19 Cobalt Lack Discussed ..p 10 Fc e 47 Cottonseed Booklet ..1 4 A r 1 Contonsecd Cake xemd Pellets .p1 6 Sell 10 Cottonseed Oil the Raxnge. .1) i Feb :t9 DO iciency F inding in Beef Cattle. ., .1 8 Auig 8S Dellourinlated Phosphate .1) 4. Fie 43 Details onl Molasses Trial Released.p 5 A itg 421 Doub1l1e 1)ose of Coba It N ecessa ry. .1 23 Apr 41 Flied Grapefruit Refros(. .p .1 15 Nov ", 1' Farmrics to Plant Kudzu Crowns,,.p1 23 Mar 4" Feeding Grain to Skeels Aid, Gainis.p 12 Mm, 41 Fka. C'man's Stake Iin High-Starch Pot. 1) 1 Apr 49 Green Unitrs PUlp) 1s Successful,.1) 17 May 4IT Hybrid Corn Tested, Belle Glade. .1 21 May 44I Link of Minleralls Costing .p1 24 Dec 48 MLasses f>iisCi ;t'l Nl sss,,,c, .p 1) 1 Ap I Minor Elements Aid Sette Soil. ..,p 19 Jul 43 New% Wheat Rule Will Cult Feud .1 39 Apr 4, 1 Proteint Need Seen by F'SCA .,.p 4) FoJeb) 46 1 Radioactitc M inerals Used .p11 6 Olt .' I Results of Clewiston T'Iajls Rieleaesedt.1 In Jill 4I Soil W ork Pay~s Off ..it 9 MaN 417 Staff A6 Find Citius Iced Valuable., I I Olt 4 s Switching Feeds Calls for Study .1 8 Sell 4 I kPoint Programn Protein it, Glass ...8 Jill 4Vi Use of Sidit Prod. Result .p 3, EIi 4J;, .Vet Stokdied Salt Sick 45 Year s Ago.p 14 -Ang 43 Whtthe Minleral Theory ls. .4 a 40 Ob)JeCtionI to S-1199 Is Voiced .,. 26 Jun 411 Ocalar-Show\1 Drawls ..p) 29 jan .11 Extends Wetmore to S'eastern .p 1) Fell 42 Sille Called success .,.1) 10 (nt L 9 Ocaklln Heads Fur. Flume Breeders.l 12 Atr 144 42 Moses to Political--1936-1949 INDEX 0 kchc-clobee-t a ltts wI sot-Di Met .p 6 Det In Sttne of Rodeo and Race.1, 22 Aug 13 Old sc to be Reitted at I a Im pati .1 it it u It i ()na I'lationl-HL rdee Prloje't .p 1,! Sell 45 Olt I lridt Rang(-. 10 No IN ()n F lorida Ranges ...1, Ilo Dc IttView -I MeA iti ItryN.t ..t.7 Dec 8 O'N (it T lt 1 01) t i ga i titt.I 17 it 3 A-tio-Dmor alts 'itc. .d.t. .jul I AwaiS Altion 1) se. of A\ i.-. p 1 Aug 15 Bla( k M lrk ts-Ot Lt gitii t. 1 I Jill it Bowle Proga t No ttti otis its F ist11 AI itig -1. But W hi AtitStAb t Itt (. IJl .p i1 D"7 4a Cattlettn Oppo Sub-i d .tt [ -c-i Li Cattlemen Raise t Question .1 1 IN t i4 12 Cattlemen \\' lt Rt-e t .1 27 \i Ceilig on Loor Glle, Ii( Ila.p 17 la I4 I Io I usio in .Nicit sit -tation. I ..ttl. it Consp Within Intit y Scen. .1. t Oct 46 [-SCA Si]f l Il N ot i. .c -cFe 413 [St Opposes Lit i Ccilin s.) 8 Fe 43 Ge S S(Oti t of Protest .1 6 I L I. Glade Letter Icsignatio Ordered.tt 19 .ell I S-I. Ste fI Presett Ptot.lill. Jt I II Laborl Paper De, Iied Polio ies. ..4) Aug 415 Less Beef i Sto e liConm-r s.-.1----p Iar 46 Five Ceilings Go int Ei-lift.s jan 44 Low , h Poin Vae ,i Mein.,p 4 No v -1 ; Meat Grad inig So l tte itiissed ..4 Fee I I Mein 0Quot: System Ineqluilabl-.p III Fell 13 Nw v IV Actt Order Acknow~ldgen.p 1) Sep 11 No ReIit Seen .40 Jtn -6 OPA Attion Studied Iy Glass Group.p I Nis .14 OM Itiadti [ Ittrit [ .igi (t-l--i ) 1 ~c-i st t.-. .Jll 4 Patcr-i oduser (iI[t or t at Cont.p I Jla* 4Ii isppr S itt -i ed lor Quor .1)t. 1 Nov 4:1 Polt is Comparable to Di( tatoin il. .p 4) May 46 lI Li Cotrols oil tIat Most o.p 149 MAn 4 Retatl Factl [ i c ...t 1ii -Fee 43 Rollbac k Opposed ), roder .1) :ti ,1 4i :1 ITI( Rollback-\ What Ii .A. t.p 4 Ju4I Sel-.\sidc 1, Low-red for B(.el*. 1 19 J10 4 Still ill :tt[ itat-s t tgt s------------. -I It-I 1 j ll1i i n all ii ise t e .t .[ 4 J.l -Ili ['--.t..-.J s4aNFI. Vi[to Leta t Get Rid of OPA .[ 14--Oct 4 [ii 't. in Catil t R c, ue .p 18 Ap 4.1 pporty l oits itoitd tttW[st, Mart (E ) .li se -4 Oppoitunit Knoking at ])-or.p ---Ap 4 0ptak-i [[cato i in Souicast. 27 N 43 Oange L ding i Liiestotk .28 MSal 417 Oilando Slints Iok oi Stahl(s.p 120 Aug 1 ()Stco lts trge A tion. 6 M m43 soh, Co. Hcad i/c G c itt. p i20 I c 0t 11ooa K fo Cattlement Good ..c. ...p i I g i Oullook ior I Livtock lot, 193S. .,.p1 7 jan :IS Outlook for Me' Animals. 1, 1 N:v 3 Outlook for 1949 No(t iad ..11 Dec 18 Out]look i Cal Ile IldutrI Iy (iA -.1. 18 Sli -17 't1t1lmtding -onk Atti--.-t 19 Oiay 4 Oherloadhng, IHor Diotnge Greatest. .1 12 Mike 411; and Prodlucr, Presint United h~ont.p 5 Apr 41 Barow Gras s Kingan Ilit-. 1 25 A1g -1 cat Naed Maagii ttat-.p 17 Aug 1 Big lands Nk Hos -l*ty Paker. p 17 Ma -1 Cattlemen W lcme Ballow Plant. 41-join 1 c-ng-c I loto in cai[ Ieic on Opening p 22 l It Mti w i Iell i e Vicwpoint oi Buig p 19 \ok 4: Mcin, and Theiir Food QaL;IitiCes. 1) 6 NO!1 Mcat Pla ces Profi, Li% w.p 1) A Ili 37 Mecal Palk. Promotes L ivstock Prod. p) ( Oct 37 Sanford Cattlemimt Builds Abbatoir.p 17 Dc 40 Strike Indireat 1: ffe-ct State ...1p 22 \lil t, G Swifh :11d Co. Opens Plant, Ocatla.p In Jun 37 S~ f III Ic dI( C i I s Pr1o grIeCs,. .1 14 Feb .10 Swift Rc;,dh lor I;Ioida ;s Prioduct .1 23 Jan 41 ( L'S. Inspect. Avatilablu State Packers 1) 1 1 Alig 4l People Yolk Know, .1 20 jan,13; p 3 Marr 43; p 3 Ci; 1) 20 lun-3 p3 JuI13 Livestock Pric, Baltic Bear Rid .p1 8 Atrg 39 Pailatkai-Horse Sets New Record .p 4 Oct 48 Fiesla Has Crowd lilr Rodeo, Race. .1 18 fill 48 Heise, Will Compete at P'alatka.p 18 Sell 47 Plans Rodeo Labor ])ayN (Advance) .1 14 Aug 4 1 350 See Rodeo (Repoli) .p 14 .Sep) If I'Jin BceiaI-Co%,nuin Posts Reward .p1 2:1 jan 411 Dair i en to Advertise .1 17 Jan 412 Co. I Ls Cattlemen's Org. .p 2 ..Apr 2 Speakvrs Heard ait Co. Meet .23, Mirk -. Show Is, Held at Kissimme( .1 43 A itg -18 Show juhy 4 Kissimmne .1 25 Jill 17 State Mimi P1n). ..54 Nov 4 5 Owners Organi/e State Assn .,.p 1)I Feb 45 Group Rceives PHIBA Charter .1 22 Apr 45 Oil Parade at Stake Fair. ...1 50 Mar 46 PaIl00ka Wills Rate ilt Gufstreamn., ..,1 52 Milk 46 .m~r-Amerclican Assni. Won't Registe ..p 1)B Oct 46 lrn11ea-H1orse Breeding E'stablishin't 1) 32 A 1)r 61 PAPE RICHARD PaIillminos ofrer mtuch jin i Fit.p 1) M y Ni; i PaPer Bottles Stuccesful. .p 1) 4OIL 411 Paral Grass, Used Iin Silo .) 25 Ang 41 Parasites Big Problem ..1. 27 Nov 418 Parrish Has New Livestock ])(ns .p1 58 Oct 47 Partin-Director of AQHIA. ..) 16 MayIitN 45 Fla. Br ahman ]ireeders. ...,. 1)t Set) 44 1 Re-elected to Heaid Osccohl, Cattle'nj.p 11 -1y 441 Pasco Takes Big Strides in Pa~stUres.p 6 Auig 43 P'st 1 Ce t I [: t kid, Greatest.p 17 Jim 39 See Also llecker, R. B.; Stokes, W. E.; imd Clio. l[n. 11. G. All-ear P.titt 1 OIt ti ...p G Nov 44Aita Fstu Itaoing \\(I tll I t litrtott .1 8 Sett i8 Arnadiat S Add is-igi, shlr i t-s t 7 Aug :5 Bel fits of P st re lk-sgrt.t. 1,i ult -I Better Pa[tistes o Bet t ( title .1t 12 Jil -7 (aser talk, --m G--ss.1-----F--t 1 litte i ltpise I I ig-tir Corn itld.l .1 \ ipt II Blustsonc S lik Gen it-s-.1, 10 Dec 10 B(ittito D'ti lop Cti r I N et Grass.-.-it .19 Set) 42 (lutst G lass ....p 9 Oit i9 I iaispet Griti rihw intitt on Sa.p 26 No\ 1:i Choose i t---ui) o--r Si .1 1-1 uil i2 Clo k and (;-tt t 'iti l lopinlg., 6 jun 1 Clo ei M [king G --. .p 18 li 17 Cit c Pastures ti Newi B lletts .ti .1 I s Jlb II Ckocr. \\kitintii Pit ure [laitr-d. I 12 \Il i 18 CItIcr Ctis o v -iat I G /Sitgsi. .1; \g 37 Cod et for Grtt ill tsIrgtadt. .R.a 6 Apr .17 s r:r(lit Needed for Ptast11 Duvcl. 18 Sep 37 Despite t r-t t nion Makt [., t IDect 10 D c cl p m e t. ., 17 Jil 38 D lc gopint Progr .s. 1 It Suts -I! Sar Pittuc r Dtirol Cattl.p 1; Iar ;8 Eight C;,Ir C r I t o igh ds. .p 12 la 42 1400 A mre, of Clm erl. .p1 10 Oki :;o F :rt ili stiion Diitsd ...t. ..18 No t 5 Field ittsi sI tiat 't Nc d-. .I 9 1Itt 418 N mida l t tur Cl[i s.t .,p 12 O tI I8 Nsh1 Cuittings i Stl-sShOt --t .S -: I Freck/ing of I'ved Hins Programl. ..10 Nklar .13 Gra"s Good at R'.nansvillec.p 1, N v (I, I C ass P labiaed 1 -D [. Bai ..t ., 0 (ltl 17 I~lirt Indigo \\odt c Phm .1 It Itat 18 I i. a ln \V ll Pastille Carm ., 1 u 11 .1111 I'Iipo i-t I S gRad ba Iig I t. .27 I[it 4i improtd Ftaured by Rainwater .27 jun li I m lris ent it , it \ ..1. 1 1 Jim Ris rotes ntii int Polk CO .1) 9 Nov I) lumpom tnl" t Conferce(. 1, 1:; 111 3s intigo F'tIttid as Cser 'm p .1, 9 i 2 Ill 47 oia Challenged b% Cor tt ro I .1:12 Nov I1 Land PI palatio I.p 6 Jul :N Iistpdeia [is G;I, Suppent .) Al 41 Lupine li Rvoi tioni/c I.io k )p 813 Aug I s i',/SIchaicdt eNilkes (atStoreit 10 Slat 4 Need for Lairger Winter Pliturens .p 1 20 Olt 43 NI'SGraisss Ciptrii Init .a 1 10 Sei. 40 Now Iaitture Progi;on sough,. 1 8 A Lg 17 1937 R suIt, of ti-t ia t De c ..i ..i .[1 7 Alits 38 I Ag i. Prog amill ..Sti 5 Slr 19 s Ccc-i italg r i .[og ni ..t ..p 9 eb :I I 'c ia -i(tti t ic -I -I. .'14 JItr I New Cmtion in Pastille DSlopImti p 4 jul t Net, Glasses De, lope ..1 2 Apr -1 Northe n Rc dtop G a S ., .1 it Setg -iii iIlt S-iGsicEncrate in Tst Pots.p lit I Jit47 Iin la Bahia Hills roin Woltthup 12 Oil 41 Peulrmual Pastille Gril'..p 1, Feb 37 Ilermlalnenl Past. Atrcagv upl inl Leiy 1, 141 Dec 1 Pines a d Psti e 1ii i til t is Wo.p I Iar 18 Plus Priotein .1) 1 I im 39 Prlograil filr 1939 ..1> IS Feb 9 Iiogci n D i i i lC it,, lt tlurt s .i iI Jun 39 'ogle" ing South Ruffkad ..p) 8 Ma 1 Properly 1'cd ..1 I M ar 19 Ritilus of' i [its--u--Na-on. p 1 JnScp 1 Itt olking ii d, ( .ild i [' r.i.i ..-p "1 .1 1 l 4 RGra, Good lot. Cop .p 1)3 No\v" SCS Plantrs Ict( h,,r l'aqtur.p1 18 lilt 17 600 Prizes R .ce ved .1) 21 Jan -1 St. Johns Set Blk by[)r W qilhci .1, 17 Dc 40 Sujrvey Dcvelopment in Highlands (o. 8 Jill 39 160,000 Aires il 4 Years .I.,. ::k M a*\ir 41 Fimle to Pliml Pllst11rc. .:> 5 [il 3 Tour a S11(ces, (Ed) .,. .) 4 \o 3 Tomr Grows 111 (Ed) ...p I4 Set): 1000 Akre of Nc ill Chiii~ lef,, )1 e wlo Pastore 'I ourl ....I 16 N (N 4 I 'c Oil(, for Gra/ing I his Winter. .p 4)1 Ott It Winner Cited lor Pastille Develop. .1 6 JAm Why Iimoed asrs Blazier,.1. 25 Aug PAZA Ended CUbanj Apprllasil .1 30 ikaT r PAZA Appraises Fla, Hlerds .p1 21-11 Jan -It Pavilion Construction Underw~aN (Ed)_.p 6 Aug 'i Pill Strcitk-(Horse l ofthe Mlonth) .p 1) 9 Atig 45 \\ill 410Yd RiiI ii SaIr;Isota. 3 ) 4 ',\]: N. 1 Pakmnrts W ill Ili Bigger in 1949 .1 24 .[tel 4 PCAIlwotait oa Solle._. ,1)7 lar 4 Has Mceting for St. Lucie Cowymcn. .1 22 Fl4 Pemlcihin Danger in Use Warned .p 18 :NFeb 46 People See Stock Special. .,.p 1, 11 Dec 40 Perdido Ran(ch Sleeve of Field Day .1 22 Jun 4 Plarmienient Recognition ofI MayLo (Eid).1) 4 Jan 4 Peter M1cCue 7th (]lots(of Month) p '13 Oct 43 Peters AA Bells Used in lHerd. .l) 22 Ang -11 Peters Finds Muctlk, Sad Good .1 20 Ag itI 't Phntizn-UfvrbeReaction .p1 7 jun 41 Prattical Com"Pound Developed .p1 23 Aug 41 ]on(, Service for Rural Homes .;. p 4 full 45 Iligs for 'Wore AM c;rt .p 26 A11g '8 PilCLIS CaIttlCemen RC-lCt .p 1,-I Olt 41 Pinecapples Going to the Dois. .,.p1 10 Sep) 59 IPisiols Adusted in Fla. lor E 'xperts .p ssepl 4S Place IIf Calcinim in Animtal Nutrition.1p H1 lilt :19 PIacontIs Cause Loss .p 211 Sell 48 Planning Winter Cattle Feed~l.p I; Majy 37 Politicall Leeches (Ed) .,.p1 18 Fell 'i The Florida Cattlemanl

PAGE 47

pOlk-Leader in Cattle .p 1 Sep 44 Br-eeders Prov ide fir 20 Steers. p 10-11 M47 Callf Sale Planned .3 11 May 48 Litestock and Pasture ImiprOvemient. .p Nov 39 SIu10 Netted by Assii. for Sale .1 8 Setp 48 Stuart Heads COs. Cattle n Assn. .1 16 Jan 47 Polled HecrefOrdsBtieders Ri-c-let Oigilia Ofltcers.p 19 Apr 42 Bull of Cuiiiinings It) Florida.P 12 Dec 44 Cattlemen ilterestd if) POlled Cattle p 38 Sep 47 i leadl ( Mered m Sloultrie. p 3)6 Apr 44 Fia. Cow Is Reserie at Sitw.p 35 Apr 45 .1 States Represented Iin Assn .p 1)1 Jun 41 G;. -11 er Wins Citest .p 20 Dec 44 H fer iford Sale at loultri .i 8 Jun 41 9 Hierei rds Sell it KisI.1 13 M ta 39 1944 Polld llerelords in Atlanta.p 4 Nlav 1Il Po)lled HerefOrd HCrd Started. -.) 20 Jun 441 Sile im Vadlostr Ma i 7. Ia 22-1 Mar 47 Shorthoins Sell for Sl2,407.50 .p 26 -lar 42 61 Listed fl Moultrie Sale .p 15 Ap 45 61 Herefords to Sell No\. Ii, .13 NO 4-1 '1atssiing to Judge Sa .p 21 Aug 43 i Show Sell .,. 24 S la 4f; Pottable Dippiing Vat Kills Lite. .10 Mav I8 Possibilitis Varied it) Southeast. .21 Jul 4 1 Practical Suggestioiiis tl, Fla. Cattle.I 11 Mav 4. Prices Not Subsidies ....12 Nov 42 Production Credit. .p 7 Jul 42 Production Increase Is '4: Goal. 11 Fei 43 Production Lid's Off.I 110 Ia'r 12 Prod'"u i ti .p 17 Jul 42 Prii]ills of S3500 in Shoiv.I) 1: t Jan 42 Its a Gid Iu' tO CUill (Ed).p 6 Jul 47 IWolitable Liestoik Production .p 11 Nov 40 Progress in 1944--. II Feb 45 Iirigress il Breeding I titinst rated .p 6 Fieb 39 Price Iticease Notedt.I1 34B Jun 48 li es Still Stead..Ii 6 Jul 48 Irec Steer Exhibited.I. 12-11 Jat 48 problems Recalled .P 37 Sep 48 iroidting Feeder Cattle.1) 4 Oct 36 Pr -gress Of Cattle Idutstry.i 27 Jan 47 lirogrss Fla. Cattle Inds. Revealed p 13 Nov 39 Pit rebreds to Gu Ot l'aradle. --. 5 Jun 41 purebred Reserioir ---. --.p. 12 Aug 42 ul lred Importation NUIllbedred.) 17 Slay 39 1Ilviuwod Important it War Fliit-p 21 ul 43 Pituta Rassa: "Ghost t.----.p 4 Slar 40 Q Qiulits--C;lse of GOOd Beef .------P 21 Jul 44 Sets New High at FOurth S. Ip 7 A pr 44 Quarir IHorse-Fall Show Planned .p 26 Jit 1, Champs t Be Decided Slat 27, 28. p -46 Apr 48 Grmup Plans ShOwi, Sale----. .33 .1 un 46t ltalter Exhibition Set fir I 2 2i Sat -IS IIistor Gitt-ti-----23 Jun 45 Al et Sept. 12, Oila i o .--l 21 Aut 4: Ratitg in 'IamPa-POtential Factor. p 6 Oct 46 Rating Sputs Aitivity. -Ill Slat -17 S .------------.-. 8 Mar 44 Shw and Rates at OrIidO .p I) Jai 44 Sliiw. Orladit Nov 7-9P. 27 Nov 47 Speed 'I ials ai 27, 28, Saiaswta Ii 2tIIi B Mar 48 Slied 'Iias PILiiied May 17-19. p 10 MSlav 47 Stallint, DIIti e Entry Chalmpitul. :Ii 36 Slat 45 TIhild A13iuail Aucti o.--.p 28 Nov 47 FO Run SNar. 2-3 at Seminolet. 55 Mar 46 Will Sell \Nv 8. ..) 38 Oct 47 Quui n-Field Day February 21.p 19 Feb 41 Field Day-14 Counties Rep-.p 14 Mar 41 Qiitmnanl AUtioti, State Breedes Buy.p 19 Feb 41 R Rabies Catl Endanger Your Her-.p 31 Dec 48 Races-Set at Orlando June 27.p 23 Jul 48 'Flilusands Attend on Labor Day.p 43 Oct 45 Racing-Dates Are Announced.p 37 Sell 46 Is Popular in Florida.1 44 Aug 48 Season to Start I)ec. 2.p 22 Nov 46 RaillbirIs on Job at iamit. .p 30 Oct 46 Rail Rates-FBBA Hails ArnalI St ind. 16 Jit 45 Rail ROuting-Need Better (Ed) .p 18 Fell 37 Raising Replaenents-Advantages .) 8 Apr 38 Rattbling Trrough West FlOrida .5 Aug 39 Range Cattle Station Inspected .p 5 Jul 43 RanitFeed Not Yet Ready .25 jan 48 Recent Advances in Driry Industry .p 38 Jan 38 Recent Cattle Feeding Results. .6 Star 38 Recent Progress in Dairy Cattle .4 Aug 39 Ri-cord Cattle Slaughter to Continue. p 12 Jai 45 Record foi Sjeat Set in 1943 .p 23 Feb 44 Recoi (1 $2200 To Set at Sale .p 11 Oct 47 Reddik, Turkey Creek Win at Ocala.p 10 Apr 46 Ri O. F R lreesting onaiy Cattle. .p 9 Jun 38 Refursttation-llO tida Misses a Bet. .p 10 Oct 45 Regulation of Business.p 5 Mar 38 Rrrtz, j. W. import. of Accurate Farm Records. p 12 Aug 37 lf Sust Cone From Select. Ser. (Ed).p 19 Oct 49 Religion'. Of the Cow Man (Ed).p 14 Dec 39 Rentmg the Cote" (Ed).p 18 May 37 Remember the Date (Ed).p 18 Oct 39 Reinittt Service Active in East.p 27 Apr 44 ENEGER, C, A. Fla. Cattletat's Stake in New Sweet Potato Re P 7 Apr 42 R stilts' Of Cle iston Trials.p 10 Jul 41 RevOlmg Loan Fund, Alachua 4-H.p 6 Apr 47 for January, 1950 RiiAt, A. 0 0 Effect of Climate on Beef Product'n I 12 Aug 41 Ruon .Riy IHillsboro (:title Scchants.-., p 11 Aug 38 Riloncs, GI ORI) Arabians at Heu ii Florida-. 26 May 47 Crystal Ball Helps Cattle Sales.p )40 lay 48 Decline is NOted bv Rtid-s-.I 50 Nov 48 First Aid of Snakebite. ...p 40 Aug 48 Floriat Marketing Sietn, Muddled.p 16 Aug 48 High Prics Nited in Beef art.p 33 Dec 48 Incase Noted in Cow Prices-. 3-ll ]t 48 NOt Slump in littlee Market. 44 Oct 48 Rhodes States $8,717,729 Sales.--,-1) 8 lar -13 Rict. G. E jaxtili Si-is Value of C isertation .1) 5 Sep -5I RICUlARDs, PREs10N Relation Constimer & Fari inotmes 1) 15 MSa 37 R ide -ilm C i bot'. .10 Jun 41 Rodehuav-r Farms in Florida .30 Dec 4 Rode -Annoiitund, Seteral fall .44 Oct 41 At Ntiw Sirna Bea c.--2 OCt 47 Business, National ReoigniitiOn --.p 21 Aug 42 Crtiids Tiulned Away July I p. 26 Aug 46 In hini, Clemons tOp .t 42 Jun 47 In uris Common Armistie Da 1.p 36 Dec 46 Ini Lakeland New Years. .'.p) 30 Jan 46 Kisimmene, Plant C 1% ..1) :4 [til 46: 1) 32 Ji I 46 Lakliand Next on Schedule.p 137 jai 47; i :1: Feb 47: 1i 30 Jan 8: '-Ii Feb I8 Make News in Noviber. .P 16 Dec -13 Miami, Daiie, W. 1. Beath .1 18 Sity 48 Oca r LiOns Set Feb. 28 .)p 1 N t -47 Open Winter Arena Season.) 38 No)v 416 Planned f r July4._.--p 25 Jli 4.5 Planned Ii D)eland, Kissy LaabOr Dio.p 51t Sep planned in DtLand, Kisst Labor Day. .1p 50 Sep 4i: p 34 Oct Itt Schedu led at Okeeicitbee Sept. 5-6. .1p 4) Seti 48 Stirpis ilt Sloil ..p 27 Feb 4-i I Six Set for Early June, Ii 21 Jul 47; p 46 Aug 47 Take Your Ch iie of 4-July 1.) 32 Jii -I8: p 20 Jul 48; p 42 Aug 48 Free I al Shot planned, Lakeland.p 32 Jai 45 Ihrec Mo e Ar Coming.p 15 Sep -17 Three Planned fot Novei r -. 23 Nov 47 Thire Planned for july Fouirth.P 23 Jul 44 Fwo Planed Durin g March ..p 55 Sla 46 Will Publicie Florida Cowboys.p 15 Slar 38 Wminers at Parrish.--.p 38 Dec 47 ROERs. FRZIER Sait Fences. p 8 Oct 39 Ropiig 'title -Won by Okeiciobe Ci.-p -14 Dec -15 Rose Iiiolirteds \inm RecognitiOn .p II Ma I Rose. Carl, to Sell at Keencland .1 51 Ot -17 Roseiicre Sells 14 Head to Publisher.pt I19 Set 47 Rules, Premliumt for Tamipa Show. 1) 6 Ot 38 Seats and Their Food Qualities. .p 6 Not 37 Russ-t. litetsin --Stits f it lteef Cattlt-.p 8 Dec 38 S Sal! Gists -9 Yeats S i .p20 Jul 41 1alm Haibor Makes Own.p 135 Jul -18 Saft ot th FatII--------r.P 4 Sep 40 SAssTEitER, Wii.i lAst (Oastal Cattlemen at Lake Charles.p 12 Apr 39 Sale Eintrits lot -all NedeL .1:13 MI 47 Saliti Spiritus Exhibit Wioii bNi Norris.p 36 Apr 48 SAxNDEs, I). A. Cockle-Bur Poisoning Farm Animials p It) Oct 37 Livestiik Inspetion Pays Fanner.P 9 Jul 37 Stockileti Pat for Lir Flukes .p 26 Jan 45 S:aitay Board IElects Jitimy Bright. p 58 Apr 48 Sa tIta GertrudisIline for Florida .i Aug 45 DevelOped to Fill Needs of Cliitate.p 7 Aug -15 Cotmes to Farms, Ranch East Coast I) 8 Aug 45 Ist Bulls Brought to Fla. by Mlontg.p 10 Apr 41 Another Smta Gertrudis? .p 8 Jan 41 Santa Gertrudis Cattle. )It Mar 4)) Doing Fine ott DeSoto Ratch_ .) 48 Aug 47 Santa ROsa Pastures Planted.-. p 12 Jan 41 Sarasita-Races Highly Successful-. 35 Apr 47 $2250 Bull Bleought to Sarasota. -p 15-IlI ec 46 Sched. Announced for Exhibit Train.p 13 Oct 40 Schell Plans New Cross.p 36 Mar 47 Seunr. J. C. COmlp. iif Phnciothiazine Developed p 23 Aug 41 Scittiei. It. WX. SR. Equiltine Etti-piaimvyelitis.p 6 Apr 39 Sctr. Jonx I. ,3 Cos. Ready for Marks & Branids.p 29 Jun 46 Seasonal Livestock Pointers.p -)-Apr 38 Sebring bOt Wilts Championship .1I 21 Aug 32 S-i-.UIYp to Farier to Save Own .19 Aug 44 Selection Made S'eastern Bralitans E-tual. 4-11 Aug 46 Sell Lower Grades Now.p 6 May 41 SEPIIBA-Sale Nov 13-._p 28-I1 Nov 46 Sale Oct 23 at Moultrie.p 10 Sep 42 Sergeant Bill Wins Race.p 31 Jun 48 Sexton Advocates Little Co -s.p 34 Jun 48 Sh-alv Heads Stock Loss Board.p 49 Apr 46 Sttt-.i.v, A. L. (:atle Feediting Results.p 6 Mar 38 Essentials for Livestock Production.-p 11 Nov 46 Experiment in Beef Cattle hid.p 12 Aug 38 Feeding, Maniageient of Steers.p 4 Nov I6 Fifty Years of Animal Husbandry.p 6 Nov 38 Pink E e -.,. p 11 Oct 39 Research in Animal Husbandry.p 13 Jun 38 Suggestions for Fla. Cattleiet.p 11 May 40 TIrcatmetnt of Injured Liv .stik .p 7 Jun 40 Wite F-e-ling fllr lIe (attle.P 8 No 37 Wtrkstock Appiciated in Shortage. .1p 10 Aug 42 SliteI Urges Interimr Ciss Culled.1. 17 Jul I5 SHItet, WAt-ER J. Beef for Victorv.--.-22 Mar 412 Bringing in ilh Spring Clot. 8 Apr 39 Calf Slarket ..9 Jun 37 Cattle Assit. Needed During War.) 11 Jun 42 Condition of Co. k State Asst. 1p 1 Not Explains Nlethod Of Shot Finishing.p 10 Oct 4II Faciu s Abo~ut Floridat Beef .,. 1. 7 j n it i Fall Livestock Pliinters. .p 7 Oct -Final ]lans for tI18 Calf CrOp. 6 Apr 37 Fla. Cattll Ind. Halt.p I Si P 1. Florida Livestock Slarkets.-., .p 7 ( t Get a Calf C iOp .p 12 Sil t Growth tif Fat Stolk Shu -.1) 11 Fe l Ilirsts Plav Role in Caile History.p 15 A r 41 Lisstotk Association Pipose .p 7 Dec 36 I ivst ctiik E x te ni ii n W k-. ........p1) 5 I al t 11) L ikestock OutlOok ..1 15 Jan 39 Litstot k Pluiti --r. 9 Apr Marketing Ixpansicni in Fla. Cattle.p 5 I11 ti Slarkctiig Bee (alt s .1 1 Sel t Of Interest to Floridie Stockmen. .:.1 12 Feb 37; 1) S Nlai:37: p 8 Ap -37: p 8 Jut111 7: 1) 1. JuilIt ) 14 i Aug37: t 1)1 Sep 37: ti 11 Nut07 Otitloik f(r Lit-stock for 1938 .1 J.an i Planning Im Winter Cattle Feed .t it, 37 Prodkicticn 11ncrease In '43 -Gotal.p 1) 11 Fell 42 Poispets fir Fla. Stilk Show Feb. 8.t 8 jan 40 Screwtwormi Pest (If SoiutheIt Cattl. .1) ti ;i t us 2 Selecion Of Good Beef Bull .1 11 .jan 19 SItring I.isestOck N ites ..12 Ap i Slute E xtension Set ice. ...Oct U7tilizinig Land with Beef (ttle. 8 Feb l39 Shelidon Dispersal OctOber I .) 2) Oct 4 Sluotage Of Neat to Mean Rationing.1 17 Ot 12 ShorthornsAmerica's Pioneer Breed .) 11 Ag :N 'Back Again at ortgoirci .1 18 Feb -17 Breeders Organil .p '1 Apr 17; It 12 NOv -II Cha p \\,ill tu Ilorid .1 !M Apr -17 (:ume to Stit(. Xitr Mluilti ...1 46 fail -17 Goal at Mi rot Lake. .20 Aug 17 Go Onl Sale aiI Moultrie.p 12 SIa 11: I 12 fils -14 Sarv Comic to Fla. froi loultirit.p 1t 1' 3 leimlphis is IHlst for S'tOt.p 1 V; Fel 4C Shik Well, ross with tiier Breeds. lp 13 Sep -7 Sale in MS ltt rie Slar 1 1 .-) 24 ar 41 Sale Postp'd to Apr 23 .X 14 App 10 Ma 43 7.Head Sell Fel 17. .1) 11) Feb 44: 1) 341 Apr 44Shorthornis Oct. 27 Let moultrie .p 24 Nov 41lirtee lieds oil List for Sale .2 N p 4 TO Sell Oct. I at ou.ltrie. p 11 Sep 43; S:10 Nov 41 Slutuus(F lI)---------------------------I IS Oct 38 Silting COmuitiee Did Work Thoroiighil.p Iti-I Jan 17 Silage for Dairy Caule-. 1 -X g 37 Silage Gains Plpularity is V-ed -1 1 Jan 49 Silvet Spurs Gst Qti\utladrilli'---------. 18 ltc -6 Simliitoi-PrOgressite Cattleman, Far t 8 Not 4 i Site in Relation to rliici.------------It 11IApi :18 SkLObtd-Wins titer Iialuuuk --------. ) 2 6Ap 46 Xgaini nIs At Seminmle iuuu .'--------57 Nlci 46 Rega is itle.---. .-----. 14 Ni-Nv4 Slaulghter Cattle i roldituici---------22 ug 44 Sip *Itilps Lakeland Arena how 44. -t 21 Felt 44 Slump Noted it SMart fir (Sit tle-.I) 4-1 Oct -8 Sandle With Care: Label for Mlecat .p 8 Jan 42 LLP 'Tells of Trip to a .21 1 y -5 SIttt, .J. IEY Choose Grasses to Situit Y4r Si.p I-I Slat 42 Snakebite Treatment. p 40 Oct 48 Snodgais Nt-t ACL Livesto Agt -4 A. .J 43 Social Security May Be Extended .1 Apr 4 Suil Coitservatin (Et ). .1) 18 Feb 37 Soil Conseivation PrOgrami Points-. 5 Fell 37 Soil Conservation Programu H e d p 4-I Jul 41 Seitte of the Best News (Ee) .S4sv -12 SOx AirEssE i STIEntF Slt > HA R issIct The Golden HOrses of lOrOccco. 1p 8 Oct 38 South-Cotton is Good Rat io .-24 Aug 41 Braihians .Consigned to Saie. .p 24 Ag 47 Southet is Regional At Montgomery .1 Fpr I Seutieastern-Greatest Stock S -O --pS I-eb 37 Hereford Breeders offer 76 Head. I 12 Mar 42 Meat Conference Propose -..p 10 Star 41 Set for Dec. 16-17 in Albany .p 1 ec 41 Show Officials encouraged .-p I Feb 4Show Set for Fe>. 4-21.------I 11 J4tl 43 Tops Rest (if Country (Ed.).I Apr 44 12% Cai in Value Shown.p 15 lay 44 Sound Financing in Fla. Operate ion. .2 .1p 14 Dec 41 Siw Culling Impurtant.p 24 Oct 48 Spainhower reopens Shop at Hialeali.p 19 Oct 44 SPEcIAI, IssUES Atberdeen-Angus Section.Nov 46 Alachua County Edition.Jun 47 Braliian Breeders' Directory Number.-jan 48 Bralitian Breeders' Directory Niuteber.Jan 47 Broward County Issue.ei 46 DeSoto County Issue.-Aug 47 Fifth Annual Swine Issue.Oct 48 Fourth Annual Stud Directory Number. .May 47 Gadsden County Number.Jun 48 Hardee Co. Issue.Sep 45 1936-1949 INDEX-Polk to Special 43

PAGE 48

Hereford Breeders' Direclorv .Fell -1,' IHeieford Show & SilSection.Feb -17 IIighlinds Count Ntu ber .Ni 1 M arionl Com mt E:'dition. .., jll 4li Marketing Ytrbook Numbei.Aug 48 O(Ingt Coun Nu i b .,.Ma-li Quarter Horse Sale Catalog .,. .Nox 4Ili S u i te r C o u n t t lt it io n -. ...............J t I i Volk Co. Num ber. I.Srp 44 I IT. of F. ii -e-.,.ApS 411 Spetre of Kissimmee Gul h. .7 No 38 Silting Li tok Notes. .1.).p 12 Apr t0 'S orTi for Vi oit Show Set .i ..2 Sta 4I Stables W ill Ra-c. ..p 1 2 D c 46 Stallworth-Lse Zebu Profilitbltl ....1t 10-11 a 1u 1 Z Saltl( Blings S1000 I op. ilt ..It Ii 18 Slarch, Altohol file Key ...1 8 Mfa\ 42 Stardil t--Bu t Net Herd Si e ..i i f: 4-7 Ranih Home of tt iss i ellutioeis Hd. i )-28 Jill -Ii Sl;1Iv-Nfrik s igger Investmenot.) :4i Feb ) 47 M st Provii c I undI for i I f F .41 S -I 4li L itstoik Stititai BOlrd Fla. .-.it I 7 Niov 36 Statement (F I.t -.-. 8 Dec -10 Stuel"s Bonds fill x i to t ..1 7 M in, 42 Stee Feeding Rt ult. .6 Mai :19 Stli) Ii Slep Del ript ion. .-p (i Jul 4II Stoker 'itI'Itlced oil i Ittit, -. ) 8 Fel 44 Stockman Pl dgio Aid.I. .1 19 Dec 42 Stock Rttiing Not I yi. job. ..1.11 AI 19 Stock Rlaismiig Sal-i.Ip 7 Sei 39 Xli I ii~ I-I hu lit-----------2 ii 1 A\ill DevelopmenItI. .1) A 1)r 46 Alachua Hlor~vse m .h. 4) 2 Nov 417 Antliot Partii, Siw Holses .8 ltc 46 AIlgiis liti-telts (otsigt it) Siw. --t 1 t 30 A,Xg -111 A uStit hull. (:)I,. H t il i. 1p 18 Dec 46 Atgus Slo B i ut-et. 38 Silt Arcadia-p 4 N1 o 2; 1 141 No 1-1: ) 2.1 Dec44. It 25 Dec4-; It 30 OtI5; 1) '30 Not45; p 19 Dc45: p 22 Aug47 Batlow thtli Sit0tp 23 Dv 17: p 16 Dec 48 BrooksNille -It1 Dcc45~; p 1) N 4; D el 4i t l ) 8 D e l11 N o \ 17; It 5 8 lic;hmtiua Breeders EIteri.t -.30 Dec 47 rahi Switt i (It al, -1t At Alo17; 1) 6-i Slit47 Bramhanti, showit DislUssed. .p1 34 Aug 4fS C. I. Show Fourt Annual. .Xt .-1) .AXg 43 C0site, t Xew I roviIei ..18 No 48 Co(mmiite Permits Judging -I -I Slat 45 Dewindale Steers, Show, Diess .1)-8 jn 41I17 Durtts, FIt ltogi, to Sell. ..Not47 Duriots Sell, OClivia. >-Ii 16 Dec 46 Exhibit Trai .St .ulli -p 13 OCi -I FMt Hogs Show ;m t-l--> I ot Horidit Argis Sale. -A SI 4 Floia cattle Show \\'( -Pf I 41 Fol Spliig S!iti hI -HStecr, Milt High. )11Ap o Gailleslill", Bsrecder-F~er 'Sbow v 4 1 5 Sellt1I; p 1 Ort41 9 Georgia Erects I.,it(ilitie ......1, 1 A 4 5 If cidcl, \IAoS nXtg iii, Tolps-p 39 Feb 47 I liordt to Sho,. Sell -i-il Fe 1) 47 ltug iit i lg f-ht it, -I 1-I11i 4 I-l0itc Shu tt lly, .S.l.--24 Oct 47 Forle t o w, ....I 8B Sep) 46 ------------.15 FIlI38; p 7 Fcb39 i i-i e. .---.16 Al. 411 lif i lt lorida Fat Stii S -l-1 ( t36; ) 6 MitX iI 1 X9 Ap II7 1) 1 hul:7; It 1l Si S 8 a ; Fii 09: '1) 12 Flb39; ut lit lF 1) 7 Xoti8; it 8 Clt 10; ut 10 Slay -11: p 2t Jut I1_ -.gt .p 12 Dec 40 filh Intueational, .F.-Ip 12 Apri:it; p 10 Sl9 p Sit21 Mi 11; 1, Xitpr4; 1) ii A\4i-12; tK 1 ; I ) 18 Junfi: it 10 iuu7 Kiiutu1 tI oi i.I lti t II ul 4 1, IIn eeP 11 OcrA0: 1, 24 Miy4]; 1) 11 ju144; A1911 1)1 Norl4; 1) 8 DeC45; p) 22 Oct46; it Ili Xiiil-1 Lake Cooiy S,,,b\-1 Ii unt, Shtw Iy I .p May 47 i ggt Hog Sho .2-4 Sep) -18 B(ilti ma l nlliii Sho-p 21 DIc44: i) 19 jan-15; i)t1 Ietb-IS: ut 14I F14:; p 8 Mar 45; i) 10 Siu -15; ut 23 O(ti ; It i 4I i -Itt; i) 26t jan46; i t Ftbi p 1 111Fl4; p 45 Nov-46; It 2-If Nlai,-17; 1, f--I Xiii17 1i 36 Ii -Uu17; 1) 8-11 J;1t148: u> 8 Fb48 Cit, Fti Stock Shut-p 12 Dc-It; p 20 ja-I I It 6 Sar1; 1t 23 ]I, : 1) 20 Jan 12: u) 8 Slat 12 : p 1) 11 I1 1) 10 D(c42; u) 5 Feb-13; It 29t Xtgtll: 1) It Mlt If p t19 Dc 44: I 12 I--t-S 1) 27 f-lil I *IlFi-it1 ti Apr ; 1) 8 i I 35 f t; It 12 jan 17; ) 18 I S \w X 17: ) 1 A r-17: 1i 23 AllrI4": tl ( i i .I141'-8; I lu-hb418: ut 22 Ftb-h8; 1) 34 Xkrt S; 1) lt Xt 148: u) 39 Ma48; It 22 Mar 1 til Dog SI Xi ..I G Aug 47 ltlt fitogs B ing S21.01. l. t 16 Dec 47 Otl Iles Im .--.--.p 10 Nov (It.I ..i. ....2. I-eit-I-; Ii 8 flt I, etitit a-t H P tSu I I Oct416: 1) 24 F1)47;t u) it Xlii ; )p 8 utin17 al t iI..--. ) 11 Feb 45 emIiti I itlog Iliued.-.--p 22 Dv 13 Quii -I) 2 OutIl: u) 11 Mar41; 1) 8 Mir, 1 p Ii S litItu u h; p Mi Itu -1); u 2 Mar17; ut 28 MXitu17; I, 3:1 Ma\;ti17; ut 55 jui47: a IS Not17; p 19 AIp48; ut 56 SIuyI8; ut 12 tu.-IS Rantge(uttliXliiis Ilotpttitti -i .iii6No 17 Sille to climax Y ,it .p. 12-If Jan 47 ,hIow Prcogres ...4, -Dec 415 Southesitsern Biggest Ever. ,.p 8 Apr 43 StXi k Shiows, Sate Ito Assi ..1 1 1 Jul t I Siwintce Holds IHog Show .,. 20 Nov -1S Swift Pai-s S." lo ICrt G l a t Chaimp.,.1p 11 Dec li T Ialilli s e. .....-It D el I'S 'tIamipa, F-loida State Fair -p) 18 Fb38; I1 IS ,Ct;8: 1) 5 Scp39: p 8 jan4t; p 5 1 00 0 1) 12 DIc0: 1) 21 Jamti; p fi28 jil: p 22 \ior4l: p 2 Fib12; 1) 1-1 jan2 p 18 Jaiu2; p 7 F-eb-12: p 10 Feb 2 1) 4 Jtn2; p -1 Augl5; p SJanI46; t 37 Feb416; ) :30 Mar4ti: 1) (il Nad6: 1, 1IS Ap liI; 1) 27 jai : ji 1, 20 Fcb17: I 8 \lt;I p 5 Ieb8; Ii 8 Feb8: p 44 FibIS; 1i 1 MaIIS; 1 8 Ma-IS; It 11 Dic IS \aldota. 21 Mav 42 ci-litt-p 12 Dc40: p 17 SliMI;tt: p 12 Jul4t;i 1 25 Fel7; 1) 29 S4I7: p I) NTov47; p 11 AigIl: 1) 52 O-it I ) 33 NoN IS: p I I Dc IS i tIt I BL t IFF I F IIV. 12 Oct 4li Siomi W. E. Gi llo Fl ida .,.p 5 No, 36 I liw Maii Cattle. 11 Jut -Itt Paisttis 'I thir Gratiig Cpattii-s 1) 4 DC 1i Piesture hmolmnrt ;I Ncessily. ..p 12 fill 18 36Ittt AcitPastut M eiitt 4 rs. p 5 Tlt -1 TI ine lo Plant P1asturC .,. .p 5 jun 7 Miter Patuie,.I1 7 O 6 Jon 48 SitfetrI joiis Shothoin Assn.p1 9 Apr 43 itiii. 1. F. Rcltt Ritition of ihlleuuothiine tim. ) 7 Jun -I Si e I-ik Plate il Ma'ion iCoityi ..36 Jan -1 S,,mie Bullelim Published .p1 39 Jun 4: t Iw it Potat.I iReports .I 28 Aug 4-; 1u ced Important 1)y. .19 Aug 4 I -as I tl e as i o o d -e d ...p 2 1 A tig 14 T -itt )t-s I t i ii (StlSt-iling lti-1titc li-i :Ii 1 oi'-. pi t Fe i -i-t 6l ThI Tc Co e to C Caonvin .14 7 Nov -18 Olii i:. Ilege litlt Stopt tiul -ssgp 51 Siil l48 Rltintg Xttuike-i by f-SCA .I) 21 0Ott 2:) Thet-l CasestIttstilt ill SI itt t ilt-. .I 21 fitt -4t Ait-fitili'I tutunt Up PSCA Cttttv--.I)I NotIs To'lomxs Marmo Ri. Demonstrate Value of Bull .1 21 Jan 15 Tt iit\tit S iic it .1) 7 Apt 37; 1) 7 May 37; p 7 Mi 37 IT Iust L. MI. Blttermilk Soutce of Rt-nuti.p I I Sar 37 Ticis Aitrs Gets Stppolt .p 9 Aug 47 Boli Sli ii 1\if--------.p 47 Jill 46 Cn le Litked. A -s-. 1)--Set -17 Cattleme n Cotmut nd Gov., Cibinet. .1t ti Apr li Cattlemen W';tii t Tiky Deer R mov.p 19 Ott i17 Changes inl Tick L aw Prop~osed, .p 13 1 Mar 3 7 (tiIImiiitt-i IH li-ti i timot.t .7 Niov 4I Congress Authorizes Tick Control .p1 5 juri 42 Corps Use Range Despite Titks. _.1 21i )un Ili DI SitIation Bobs fItp Again .1 2 Mtar 42 Dipping Paymienii-ts In Budget. ) 19 Dc 46 (di trial Comm ent .18 I Jit 3i Eradicallionl. .1, ( A ug '2 Fa tiaIion of Cattle Tick. I .1 Ap 40 Etaiiaiittnl of ltik Completed.1) 6 Feb I Erladication Plan Altered .1 11 Jill Ili U:1ad ii:atlion ProwramI Sa Iegurd (edl. ...p 4 -jul 416 E l at ion Stited Again. .p 1 8 Feb t0 Fr1idia io Under tia;yi 2 Co's-.t 4 Oct 42 lI. Atvas Released Fiom Ticks .-8 Dec 36 Fla. Fac Dreaded Fitei Tick Agiin.p 10 Fet -Iti Florud', Deer Killing Progirm .p 1) Nor ';!) IL it1 Sttdid .1) 22 A p 47 ltkis R-fuses to Distiss Ticky Der. Ii Feb -l] ilasle Reaied It Tik EradLi. 5 Apt 41 Kill Gult Coast Titks .-----p 17 JIil 37 Later Dcvelopmenclts ill Tik Casv.,]) 141 Mar 40 WiMowrcs of Tick Fight Told .p 11 Fell 46 lii 1. _. 18 A ug .9 Muddle Fla. Market ., 16 Aug 48 Polk A'rii, Put Cunder Quarantine.1) 38 Apr 4 6 Problems I it Come UP it FSCA. -14 -Nov 48 Problvim Neal Solutionl.p 1) IS jun 17 Quirmlinte Areas Defin~d .1 20 '%tly 46 Quitautitite Liftid-iitltn, Colli.i -i 4 No 44 Reioal of Ti ki Deer Nsiessai y. I 5 Set 37 Rules Tightened ...----13 Jut 47 Svinaw Healing (In Titky Deco JIl 15.1) 8 Juit 41 Senate :itsses Bill lor Tick E f.t-I Auig 4V Seiio ls I -estitiion i l i -ks. I. 8 Dec -8 Situation DC1erNCs CooPer;ItiIo. 4 My46 SXriiid it itt I ks-Dadl, 313110tti". .p 6 Saly 47 Still mori About Tit ks. .19 Apr 4 Stoir Fie of Sensationalism. 4 I eb 46 SS3000 Needed For T icks .p 1) 15No 46 Si k -Deer. .-.p 18 Fel 38 Ti k Deel (it -.-. 1 .] 18 I Ii( of ISCA Sebring Meet. .-li Dec 48 Yigiltitti i, -Ii li %War Agn',t Ii t .p tt Apt l6 Volunt a i (ii k (,ti TiiksI.ilt 4 Il 46 W ill It II ier I" C tte.,. .18 Setl 37 Timios, f. E. Cattlemen Outlook Good For Months~p 6 Aug 411 Totou. Ftt Steei Clas-,, Compititie at Quinty. .1) 25 Oct 411 Toltui, W. I. Atmti ii-Angit Exilit-Suitc laiir.p I4 jitn 38 ToISOs, I+R N 1). Gitintg Beef O i The Far .p 10 Nov :8 Stock Raising Not ;v ()iii ear Jo .I I M S yt 39 Seni e For Bi ind Seller -.1 17 Oct 38 W eight i lituali l Needed ., IIXtll -38 When %'oi Get Yomr hwn .1 6 Jun, 39 T .,]N .i FRAN"K T. low Will ie Candidates Run_ .I i 4 Apr C;ItleImnut Plan Psilture --------.--p 18 Feb 41 Tcr.Rm.NtoN F. ( aolt ing IIIahiian-Brit ih B edsp 12 May 38 T I)tiIiiIt, DA\ EI Tax Lt s E X li'd., ....p li Jul 41 li of Suict I t-Bossy, s F m ..i,. .) 12 jin 38 I tiall fitsse, Bulls Pl esn d at .p 24 Dec 45 1TamPa-Btt I crttt R i-il C lmt h w. .p 46 Xe 38 Dio, Beef Allnials to bt Shown. 19 D c 41 Fxhibitors Dm ocus IW39 ],klln.1 8 fill 38 MI i witlli \ X -1 E mt h ---is I -1 -Cattle.1 15 Dec 40 1 ioilg [i ii. S-t l by Lt -stock .6 Olt 45 I Tinntr N ilit-i Built at Lakeland ..tt .1t p I42 Jut 1 T ater: (Horse, of the Month) .1 27 Apr 45 T gii til fS llt Fla. Herd .1) 21 Jul .44 Itit-POit Progit Little H ope (E)i.t.i -4 jun 45 T[ i t (n itms Fl ti lospit ;iti .p 8O ita-Horttells Lake Wale.p1 20 jan 44 Cattle May. Enter Slate .1) 1 Aug 46 1heC"re AIl GOod Mell; But Vote; (Ed) .1 6 Mar 48 'I tlid-F l, itt Stock Showl-i .13: Oct 36 Hit I it kmitit -a Caittle It p 4I 1 Apl 45 ThoII .ut ns-Sirtsses Red BrAhmgns. '.ti 32 M i 48 EIp. i, B a m n As .1) 26 'M 48 Ih IobIt ds-Comilig ulp ill Fl. ...1. 17 Ma 45 Hit. Ntionat Reci s .1)-May 47 'ITIe Years Oll (Ed).,.-. p 18 OClt 39 TI Itit Itilu t ai l i l-i----.,I .5 Ot 44 Plate for C:;title Also .p 1):t Apr 415 TIim tely S itggttiII s C ittIlli Indust I .10 Apr. 37 T a)d lln A W alk., (Ed) .1 4 -Dec 36 Trailing o i l ridi lt. i -. .) it Atg 37 TFlail of Goldeln Ones .p) 8 Sep) 37 Troub. tinlttiit lita Cattleman-.-----, 6 Aug :IS Sioike l Lake, He'l Ordt Bait, S l.p .5.1)5 May 48 I it S111c F ir Exhibit Payl. .-p 2 tijan It 'Iurllil iug Again to Li -st-k.1)p 2 f Aug 39 winm-fk Y Ca'rs Dairy Progress .1 8 Min, 39 'IbylCA~s l Sanford Col ...1) 14 De 40 I i-Fold Objc ilt l el [i t .ti) 16 'Mar 44 UXlraxiol t Ri iend ri/ -ef.p 2ti Oct 39 Umatilla AH Bim's Duroc Plojic tl.p 34 OClt 48 Xtrokei llor Offer co IWe,. ii34tI Se18 i4 XU -le -Sill S is Not S l-Sil)--Partner' -p 10 Dec 41 Xulion C 'Ili u t it At rd.-> Sjan 41 UNMRSMsr OF FLORIDA,fill, Fooundation of Gideon' Iferd. .1 40 jul 46 Ge(,s Slttrdust Calf. .*.,. f.1) 35 Jim 48 Hld, One of 01(dest Angtis Hferds.p) 10-11 Nov 4li Herd A\dds OUtstanlding Angus Bfull. .1 17 Jim 13 Jud IncTilm AlItends Memphis. .p I No 1 41 U'. S. Departmlenit (f Agricuhtr ..1 8 Dec,( 36 U .S. F ibrm "Do U(Tile AniImIIS".1 9 DeC 39 Uxmrl) slnr s SlTuAR Coltronit 11e Bleeding Hecrd (Fd) ......p) .1 .1 tl 4 Doing ConliNi ing Jilb (F pI ...21 ( it I 1lie F(ut h 11 1 rdI I. ...'-8 Sep) 45 Pr'"eCt "lraws W'illi;IIIs ....1 28 F-eb -15 Re-d(incs Ist of .1 Purcbred H erds .1 S juni .4 I'lili/inig Ilmd Wilh [feel C:;title ...1 8 Fell .9 Wiot-hwSet tot' AIli 29 .p 21 Apri 42 B1cardsle\ Boys Fourteen .1 26 n C tp on I ei1er Sold -.1p 44 Apr 47 FHa. lircuders C:onsign. 10 \Ill. Salle.p 59 M Polled Show, Floridianls BIIy Sell. .1, 3r Apr Stock Show, 215 En im .I.p 1) May v u n nd n ha erd. ..,. 1 2-11 Aug Veto of M(Carren Bill Disappointling. p M6 Dec V'Cts Le'"r ;"nd E"arn ill lighlands .1 26 J;In 42 "Victuills F-or Victorv". .I ..It 2(i M avl 42 Vidalia-FHoridiall, Buy (i Hd, Angles. .p1 13 Apt 43 82 Angu, to lie Offered .p) 41) Olt 43 W \age-Hlocr Law odification. 18 DoC 42 Wage-Hfour Muddle (EdA).p ;INMay 4 Wan r to Jim At Jackson. .1 Iis,' 42 Wainwright Bjill Shoould Be Studiced.p IT Jun jit' I 44 Spectre to Wainright-1936-1939 INDEX The Florida Catticeman

PAGE 49

Waiki e.r-Cason Sale To, Is Reported. .1p 55 Apr 48 wiAuton Counity Ordered Good Bulls.p 11 Dec 40 WVARD, \W. F. Fla. Ranges anod Range Cattle. p 6 Sep 38 RoulIt. of CAle Feeding Fnxperin'tt.p 5 Oct 1 7 1Warinsg-Sale of Fioul Reported .p 0 Dec l1i Sel s erefor (Ill1. .1 30 Nov 46 Wac XIacket (Ed).t H4 Sep 39 Wa Irenerd One Of NIewst in Statrp 48 Mar -6 il Held of 200 ead .1 44 Ma ti w water luffalo. ..ut 38 \WATER CONTROL, Colunlince Ges \Work Underwirac \Wail(hitla-Quarler H<)"(' C:etr.p 1) Jun 44 Will Be Host lor Show, Safe Meet. p 2:; Aug -15 \Vamcos Banlker Got" lnto 11 It s. 11 Marl Ii\[i 42 NVeitlr-Prie Xlonct S2500. 15 ful 46 Tlop triess Are Split .p 22 Dec 48 Vitot, Sale Nets e2700 in Bonds.p 9 Sep 12 \Wt. QualitN Needed it Beef Prod.p i J.)1 38 Weiland tons Champion Shorthorn.1. I Apr 4o Weis Sale Aiage Sl13.25, .p 29 N Iat 44 Welcomle to Gulf Ca111 einen', Group (Ed) .p 5 Aiug I Wells, Mis, Netw Talor I Ioic Agt .p 16 Dec 4i \VENit ORIii. E1I ARIt N. Xdiite Seen in Fla. Livestock ).p 21 Ott 45 Xest Retivies 50,000 Cattle-ila.1 23 Sep 47 \Vett rv, Or 1loid, Beef ?.p 14 Oct 38. WI\ i; t Is Rit oI if Ownership (Ed) ., p 11 Sep -l0 WI t IIle Wage-lour Act leas.p 11 .111 40 When You (;et Your Own. j ju un :9 111 1H it RsT, L.I.Iol \ (rtadinlg (:tttlt .....p. 5 A1pr 49 IVio's Wio IN H1 iDs 1. WX' Blrotom.p) IS Jill1 41; lit E. uitio &Sint. p 18 Apec 17 o' Ir T Ran .p 8-11 Fel 48 It, It. W. Griffin ..4. 12 Sep 47 IHllins Wood Ranch .p 23 Nov 46 iii. ,sot Ret tat tImtprov itng. 1 --I Feb 47 Ilt it, eo. "'. Soltttroe-Qti ite.p -10 jttt 48 I .leters. .i.I) 20 Sep 46 J. R1m.ey's Atgts Cattle. 36 Jun 47 S. M. Strot .P 22-It Nov 47 Stil Lake Ranc i,. .>) 40 Aug 48 W Io 'S WITo IN HI oi;S ioner Bleeder Iary Boy les.p 18 Oct 48 IHR--erd lndowed for 25 Years .P 10 Mar 39 Helefords Consistent Wiinters. p 1:1 Sep 39 \Xy I Xrote "Rightuf Ot etship" (Ed).p 4 Oct 40 XIVtk:lrd SElggtests Four Things .1 2 Jan 42 XXII t,m t it t Aution IaIt. ltI DeFuniak popular. .p 12 jan 41 Xilliasi-And Egalt Wii at Ocilla.1 26 Feb 46 Xtk, Ordetl I ircketing.P 15 Aug -I lherd. Folk's' Nte est.p IS Sell 44 Sit )ello it ts Cosl,-. P 3:3 Sep 45 Show Antimials.-. 12 le 4I IVII'mms, j. 1,1 e (ne Clickers Xie Of Paking.P 7 Dec 38 rigres li Brt diing. 6 Fel 39 X'Io I "Righlt of O'shil". 4 Oct 40 A-XtauIdiaX X. k ;itIt I"tkt.1 5 Jill 3 C ii in cattle In us ry. (c-itva ( ttttilttr.P1 5 Apat-38 II lev F tn t, R a D ept. D uty. I) 5 Al r 37 S1, e Spetnt I-or tFredt.p1 7 Nov 39 p astile C t ..E im.ents.p ; Oct 36 reid nt F CA. ....O t pltgress tf Inhustry Reviewe .1a 29 jat 47 Rittlin~tg lb tiliXst Fla .1) 5 Aitg 39 sRet )in Not Ita i 'f.p 12 Jan 41 X'tl tlte Proper "Mineral" Did.p 7 Sep 38 Williaimsons Sell Registered Cattle. .p 12-I Aug 46 WItroUGtY, C. i. Auction Xlarkets for Livestock .p 12 Nov 46 Origit of Breeds of Cattle.p 7 Jun 37 Ifi uentte of XXotttett ott Dairy Intl. p1 9 Dec 36) SitllitOtt l'ogressive over 60 Yrs p 8 Nov 46 Ilreed of Beef Cattle Now Used.p 6 Fel 40 Wimpy Is Chlirtp at ll Iatka.1 50 Oct 47 Winners Nittedtetl iti EtssaY Contest .p 12 Oct 44 Winters Cottle Frot Florida .p 16 Apr 48 iittet .st r ..7 O ct 36 Winter, Pastlres Are Urged.p Ii) S ltar 47 Entering fleet Cattle Results .p 9 Nov 36 Wishes Success; Offeis Assistance .p 19 jan 41 Worker Sale Jan Ili at Moultrie.p 23 Jan 42 Woiter Slt' at Mloutt Ie Resutlts.p.1 2t0 F-eb 42 X'orksiop Better Appatciated .p 10 Aug 42 ole Itn fltunce Dairy IndustrN .p 9 Dec :16 'RIGIt 1, HAitttON M. lei Wiled warfare i Makes Pastures.p 10 fult 42 X "X" Disease Danger Inueases.p 21 Dec 48 y YAUN, F. D. 'o Fatten Cattle.p 10 Feb 41 YXoMANs, N. S. 'ealincent Screw WorX m Contrttol. 13 Star 37 Yot'G, GroRiGE C. Sotlnid Financing in ..p I-4 Dec 41 out' Work Active in Highlands.p 48 Nov 48 Z ZTEIROER, JEANNET E Fla to be Source for Feeders.p 31 Oct 48 Members of Texas Area 2, ABBA, announce their BR RHMAN AUCTION to feature 20 bulls and 8 females-all top selected individuals over 16 months of age-all halter broken and gentle-starting at 2 p.m. at the FAT STOCK SHOW HOUSTON, TEXAS Walter Britton, College Station, Texas, auctioneer S2 8 8 MALES 28H FEMALES CONSIGNORS INCLUDE Clatde Appling, Louise, Texas Clemens Appling, Louise, Texas D. H. Appling, Louise, Texas Glenn Faver, jasper, Texas Mary Rea Finehout, Victoria, Texas Vernon W. Frost, Houston, Texas J. T. Garrett, Danbury, Texas HT-Stock Farms, Natchitoches, La. J. D. Hudgins, Hiungerford, Texas M. 1. Janes, Beaumont, Texas Geo. V. Nelson, Katy, Texas G. A. Parr, Alice, Texas Burbank High School, F.F.A., San Antonio, Texas Stanton Brahman Ranch, Alvin, Texas Claude W. Smith, Jr., Baytown, Texas Write for information to Room 203, 2711 South Main Street, Houston, Texas ,I The Meat We Eat-by Ziegler A butchering muanual-a handbook of everything from slaughtering to carving. Covers curing, tanning, storing (lockers), cuts and formulas. 375 pages of practical information on handling meat. $3.40 plus 3% State Sales Tax CODY PUBLICATIONS BOX 891, KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA Inc. 1936-1949 INDEX-Walker to Zetrouer 45 /Or January, 1950

PAGE 50

BRtAIIANS RESIST Disease In Dade County Herd, Dr. M. Jay Flipse Reports Outbreak of hetnorrhagic septiceintia kills cattle of other breeding, Brahnians are not even affected by the disease -4 t t,~~~ T .s T ircern U. S. Sugar Corport-ion Field Dayv at Clewiston atticted 150. Crossbreds were featmued. Top to bottom, these pictures show: Crossbred tows with their calves; Sid Crochet, left, ranch manager, with Albacrata, 7r., top herd sire: Accom Parker of Ar-cadia with crossbred calf; Chatollais-Brahman cross, witIch Sugar Corporation thinks is very promistng. til \osT tittitlll believe that BRahmalls are discase-recsistant, it rellails lor Dr. AI. Jay Flipse of Miami to documlieiit a case ilN which BrahMnaIs aCtUlall V resisted hecmmorrhagir sept i cmia (sipping fever) as battlee of other breed ing died around themin. Here is D1r. Flipse's letter: amn passilig on to you an llliterestilig story idicatinig the resistance of the Bralimtill breed to disease. I his store 5 is froi a fricitd of minle whose cattle operations cisist of raising calves chiefly of tile imiilk straill but also inlluding sonic i)bef straiin breeds. "Ie luirchases his calves. niew born, and raises them oil a s.ietitfic diet consisting of milk derived from a herd of inilk cows; powdered milk added to the Iresh (ow's inilk aid cereal supplement designed to prodlice iealtiy growth. year or two ago, I interested hil ill the Brahmlitan breed and furnished iii with a bull, three iieifers and two calves. Front tile to time I hiave inspected his herd and obIserved his operations with interest. "Up until the fall of l 946, his herds were remarkably ree from disease anti mortality. At that tiie, he got into tiffculties. Hemorrhagic septicemia was introduced into his herd with a young call he had purchased. The disease ran through his entire herd of cattle resulting in a mortality of i 6.i percent of his calves and young stock. "Ranging with the herds in which this mortality occurred, there were 18 hiead of ftill blood and part Brahman calves of the same age group. My friend was astotuded aNd I was gratified to note that there was no mortality in any of these aiiimals with Brahman blood, in fact none of these part or full blood Brahnan cattle showed any symptoms of the disease. "The story of this observation is best told in the words of this operator himsel: Oii August 3rd, I purchased one Holstein calf from a local dairy and oii the saine day v 11oticed the calf cOIighing, breathing hard and with a slight dischlargef rom tile iaostrils. I llotght it was a case of deficieiicv ill minerals and vitamltills due to the mother bing milked too close to tile tilme of birth fl the calf. I investigated at the dairy where I had pur aillsed tile calf and found that whell tile calf was ibor it hiatd been placed in a stable where a tow had did with "shipping fever" or itemorrhagic Septicemia, and in this Imlatltler had in. feted Illy calf barn with what proved to be a very cn tagious disease. "'When this disease first developed in the calf barn, I cleaned the barn thoroughly, but made the mistake of pUtting the old bedding from the barit oil 1mly cOMPOst pile instead of burning it. thus tile heimorrihaiigic septicemia spread by flies either through water or feed to the other three herds. 'My mortality inl the umber 4 hierd (1416 caIves, two to 12 weeks old, 12 oneiquarter to onte-hialf Brahiman, remainder dioniestit) was 27. Loss ill tile ntmer S herd (two Bramitan, 28 domestic three to nine months old) was three domestic animals. In tie number 2 herd (four Brahman, 31 domestic) the loss was four domestic ainials and again tie Brahiimians did not contract the disease. Ill the number I herd (otie Uraliman, 24 domestic) there was no loss, although these animals were sick with exception of the Brahman. 'Here I want to state that I have found in actual expericule anI observation that the Bralmai cow, purebred, Oic-ialf or one-quarter bred, has show, to ie that they have a greater degree of resistance antd immuin1!ty to the conmon disease of cattle than any other breeds of cattle that I have had the Opportunity to observe.' Jacobs Heads PAZA DR. WIiOASM STATEs JAcons of Houston, Tex., hasi been elected president of tile Pan American Zebu Association at a San Antonio nieting recently. Jacobs has been a director of the American Braimtian Breeders' Association for 25 years, but recently resigned from that post. Tie Florida Cattlemall 46

PAGE 51

33 Jerseys Average $365 At Annual Sale; Orlando Scene of Tenth Event TIiIRT-THIREEn registered JerseIs brought an average S36,, at Orland> November is as the Florida Jersey Cattle Club held its Tenth Aitn iA Sale at the State Livestork Pavilion. Tom McCord of MoNttgomerv, Ala., Cried tile sale whlidi saw X. Stanldard Ivy B01ttercu 1 r1P -'7()" 1or cons ign Ior Walter Welkener of Jacksonville from Chltide B. Roberts of Orlando. Second lhight-selling allitial was (Sparkling N 1oble W11onder. (onsigned Iy the Polk Couity Coittission and purchased by J. K. Stuart of Bartow for S650. Top-selling bull, purlhased by Henry Trumbull of Plaitville. Conn. was tlrose tDady Snowdro) Lad, coilsigied Ity Melrose Plaittill of Ilomas6i11e. Ga., whlidh brIoutU 1 -g85-. sanimnals brollold lop) aloney (it the Florida 7ersey (cattle (Club; sale at ()r.and4 in Aovember. Upper panel shows ;onsignor IWaller JIelkener of tacksonYil ght, and Biner (Chmde B. Robiof Orlando with X. Standard 1zv t/P, while bottom o ael shows lier Henry Trumbull of Plainville, (on., wilh IMelrose Dandy Snowdrop2 lIt ldlosiunriid by Melrose l5/antation of T masvil"'e', G,(. At the Jersev Club's aiiiiual meeting the eeniing before the sale Welkener was reelected president, and members decided to hold Ia West Florida Sale in Marianna with 4io Florida-consigned ainimals on March 16. Frank I)eBord of Qtuin is was named chairman. Other ollicers elected were Stuart. vice president aiind F. E. Baetzman of Orlando, Orange Conity Agent, secretarytreasorer. I)i reactors, iiaddiiOtiO to )eBord are: W. J. Nolan, Sr., Jacksonville: J. J. Siith, St. Augistinie: Gt\ Waistetter. 1delrav Beath: Carlos Griggs. S[IIiiterheld: George Sixitia, Lake Helen: I)r. R. 1). Becker, Gaiinesville: John W. Page, Ferimindiia: and L. V. Mitieat juifpi ter. I ir-st indiividual buyer at tile sale was the Polk County Board of ConissionTers, which piid S2,'1o for fivr of the rg strd Jerses. A. T .Alvarez of Jatksovislie was second largest bluyer, Ii ;17g Si7o for five. Other buyers were Stu:irt, Trmbull. 'Willin C. Session. Jr., of Jacksoniillr, I-loward Nellie of Orlando. A. V. Brown of River Jutntctiont. Penitiok Plantation of Jupiter. Ira C. Barrow of New Svrna Beach, Roy A. K iitycaid of Lake \;Wtles. lDeBord :ii(l Rhoberts. Bulls sold. by onsigioir. with ptirchaser mid pri c paid, were as follows: Wektiler-i i-err Dsign irea Rostbo. Roberts S235; Sybil Pompey X. Standrd, Kimtaid S200: X. Standard liv Obsrier. Pennock S285; Melowe Piintatioi-ielrostDand snowdrop Lad, Trumbull S585. FeIIiales sold, by onisignors, witht purchaser atnd price p ti d. were as follows: Frank L. Dei-ord and Son, Qiiinr'-Loiiisoxford Mlayfair Sit(, Rrownl S190; florida School for (he Deaf and Blind-D. 8, I. Blt's Royal Vioi, Kellit S195: 1). & Ii. Double R-al. Bairow S200; 1). & B. Royal Double, Deit S225: i. & B. Royal tta, Polk Commissiollls S200; 1 ). S, li .Sout nir's fern, Stuart S17.5; ITI oi)Imi I ut (tlo, Bartow-Obsi ar Nyx DuShess, Polk Commissioners S500; W. J. Noan, jacksonill-Aim Phn lis, Sets i 0: kS-100: Atiisorat Bels, Klie S25: littk Doinmio, sessioil t' Stan Grac. Session S C25: John11 \\% Page, Fnada-rmngBolnce Matcia, iriow S185: Draming Design Ritth. Kellie S195; Draini'g in Actress, A arez S1: Dreamling Mlighty Christine. Ba'rrow S200; Poinwok Plantation-Gold Standard Stil Flameic, Brown S500: Standard Florida ThistV, BrOwNV SOO0: Polk Countv Boardl of C:ommiiissioniers.-Spa rklinig Fillpail Pinkie, Stuart S395; Sparking Noble Wonder, Stuart S650; Stuart-Biltmore BaSi[LeIs C. Polk Comimis. "Summer Fields-Observel Draconis Victoria, Roberts S610; Royal Robin Princess, AlvArez S3W0: Weclkener-Observr Design Gilda, Polk Commiiss ioners S385; Obserier Dracomis Beatrvice, Polk Commliiss ionecrs $625; Observ er Treva Crystal, ,Ialvrz $:I6if; X. Standlard Ivy Buttercup. Roberts $700; Pclmpey Royal Dolores, Alvarez $485. VFor smooth, easq fit J)qg5~vounonstretch' HAND CRIMPED VAMPS The Box F Brand of our Live Stock A' Order Buyer GILBERT S. FORTUNE KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA LICENSED & BONDED WRITE for your WVIRE Protection Phone 4201 LIVESTOCK LOANS We invite you to Bank with us by mail THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK KISSIMMEE "A bank for cattlemen run by cattlemen" Nlember F. 1). 1. C. Deposits insured tip to $5000 to eacti Depositor for January, .1950 FLORIDA -I i4.

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Adains City Hatters .25 Ad tins Co. 1 hri .2 Ahrtno redrick .21 Allen Service Sta .48 Anerican Angus Assn .36 Anierican Bralintan Assn. Il S Arcadia House ..-B-abcock, Vose .S Bir Seven Randh .19 Ba'rry's ....F Bartilc, I. A & Sons.39 S B rirlic's U Rau t .t.It 39 5 IeirisleN 1-ros it 19 35 B. *ici m I ii Si 16-S. 36 -i.S Be ille Heria un .1 S Bhughar it eedc i C outpaut i Blackwell, Stockrid .17 S Brown-Formoan Distillers Brown & Mach .9S C. B. M oak .15 Cannon Duroc Farin .5 Casre, J. IL, C. .2 C aFeed Co. I) Ca-te-rpillar .2 Chapmian, Gco. A. .S Cliiies Ranch .42Circle 1,1 Ranri .31 Clay, R. I r. 2-S Clew istort Motor ..52 Clover Bar Rainh .47-S Couni ercial Bank Conn. Mutual Life ..1:> Council Stock Farmi. 30 Cooper, R. W ..16 Co XXT -----..1Crane Creek Ranch .32 Creek Faris, Ihe9.9 is A. D. F Sne i 33 eep C reek Fari ..S Ilevxndle Farim .9 Diamond R Raich. ..-S Diamond W Rainhi .42-S F~itlilflc R iii ....13 Ilni ci Tio , Son .3 1),da, A. and Sons .75 I u I ont, E. de Nenriours.1f 1) ir rice Rancli4-S, 5-S, 28-S I)itrwood M ill .9.49 Folho Gardlns .30S 11 Cotitorloro Hlotel. 19 1-Epco Ranch ..1-S Epperson, G. FI, Jr. 31-S 1 irutr Riissill ..1 H S Frgison R :iti .S First National, Kissimmee.47 Fir t National, Lesbcrig. 91 Flato Brali ans .' S Florida Angus Assn. 36 Fla. Citrus Cannels .16 Fla. I llroc t-rleedrs .27 F-li. 1aorite Fertilizer .35 Fla. Ferne P st Co ..17 Florida Hereford Assn. .31 Florida Power. Light Co. 27 IFott Haier Ranch .1 Fortune, Gillicit S .Ii7 Frost, Vertion X .36 Fugle, L. E ..I S G aincssille Market .16-S, 27 Gardner, P. ._.35-S :,atrell Duroc Fari.19 :atrell KMoorle.19 Geraci, Mr. & Mrs. Louis.49 "S" denotes Second Section Gibbs Corporation .o.n 2 ('olden Arrow f rms .7 (;nuld Ranch.31 Griffin, Dr. 1). W ..35 Griflin, Eugene F. 30-S H-C Ranchwear HailI-Dean Seed Co. Hart, .1r. C .22-S Hardee County Market .4S Harris, L. S. 48-S Hzen H. .leart Bar Ranch 21-S Henley, XV .N% .a9 Heraherg's.19 iligdon, ;. Philip .43-S Hiland Acres Fvtn .3 Hillsboro Livestock, Inc.27 inne Brnt hers. ..48-1 Hudgins, J. Fi. ..14-S lslerwood, AV. q .36 Jackson Grain Co. 51 Taies Farms .42-S larco Corporation .20 Tohinston. Mrs. Pat.19-S Jones, Minor S. Ill .istin Boots. 47, 1encarol Farmn .35 Feniore Ranci .35-S Kennedy, T. L.29-S, 36-S Kiser, L. P. .36 Kissitm tee tarlket .16-S Lakeland Cash Feed Co. .10 LaM otte, W .1). 26 1angford, L. T.33 Laciv T. Ranclh. .7.2Lederle Laboratories .9 L oncala Phosuhlate Co.31 Locet's Food Stores.28 Lusamar Farms. .36 Iykes Brothers. Inc.24 Mach, Brown and.,.39-S MacEachen, Dr. R.38-S Magazine Mart .30 Makinson, W. Bl., Co.24 Mann, G. AV., Ranch, .29-S, 37-S Martin, E. A., Seed Co. 8 Maxev Fertilizers ..20 NM Bar Nt Ranch .38-S M adork Tra ctr, C o .23 Meeker Stecl Co .26 Meltoni Hererl RaniKclh .13 Sf dyette Hereford Farom .33 Sfill Pond Plantation .48 M illigan Rand ..36 Mirror Lake Iiris .35 Modelta Plantation .13 Modern Weliling Co.85 lozleir .J. 1 ...20 Murphy, Oakley .19-S Naco Fertilizer Co.17 Nat'l Cottonseed .10 New an, W .J.31 Nocona Boots ..' Norfleet, 1. J.3( Norris Cittle Co.l, 45-S, 28 Orange State Stock.14-S O Reilly, Eugene .6-S Oxley, W .E.33-S Pan American Zebu Assn.33-S Pancoast, .Arthi r.35 Panitleta Farms .35 Partin, Henry 0.21-S Pasco Parking Co.,.20 Pecatn Acres .36-S Peninsular Tel. Co. 28 ert ido Ranch .36 Persons, Inc .1 Pine Acre Fars.15 Plant City Welding &' ank.49 Plymnottlt Citrts.14 P'olk Brainian Farits, ..4-S, 5-S, 36-S Portable Catte Chute.34 Prather, G. Hi.34 Purcells .2-S Purina .13 Rare antI Rare .14S Raitbow Ranch .. Rainwater, Crawford .36 Ralston Purina Co. 13 Reid, 1). 1). '.2 S Richardson, .R. .. Riggs Hereford Ratnch 1. 4 Robson, Holy .32 Rodeheaver, Hooter .3-S Rose, Carl G. 1 Rosetmere Fari ..3" Rowell, 1). ,.20 Santa Fe River Ranh. .'1 Sautiders, B. B. .31 Sohell, F. R. k L. I.3: Security Mills .4 Shelley Trator .52 Shore's Mens Wear. ..2 Shorthorn Cooperat ive ., .3 Sinonton Ranch, Inc. .36 Simpson, Hackty .23-S Sloan, Da e .27-S Snith, A. A .37-S Snith, Clyde I. .2-S Smnith, John L. ..2-S Smith Ranch .29 So. Fla. Brahman 4 Breeders.14-S South Fla. Motor Co .35 SE Brahman Breeders, .4-S, 25-S SE Duroc Assn .27 SE Fat Stock Show, ....., 24-S. 25-S Spring
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P. BOX; 37 LUTZF LOR1D CATTLE WISCONSIN Holstein and Guernsey cattle; springers, fresh comes, bred heifers and yearlings; TBBangs tested. Truckload carload lots. Large seleclion plus fieldmanus service. Circular free. George Klein, Dairyland's Progicssive Acres, Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin. Telephone 3700. 7501p CATTLE MARKERS DAISY CATTLE MARKERS complete with chain, brass tag for horns and neck. Write. for fold.r. GOLDEN ARROW FARMS, Dept. CM, Huntington, Ind. 87tf EMPLOYMENT RANCH MANAGER WANTED To buy, sell and manage feeder cattle on large operation near Belle Glade, Florida; living quarters :rnd transportation furnished and substantial salary will be paid. Reply by letter only giving background and references to Dept. IPH, care of the "Florida Cattlemnan .150c FARM EQUIPMENT FOR SALE OPEN VAT CREOSOTE POST TANK -36 ft. long, 5 ft. wide, 5 ft. deep. With steam coil pipes, steam trap ant 15 ft. copper coil thersmometer. Vat inch boiler plate welded -specially reinforced. Weight 11000 lbs. $750 F.O.B. Bristol, Fla. J. S. Alexander. 150c PUMPS FOR EVERY PURPOSE-All sizes and pes from stock. Pipe, Valves, and Fittings. In ustrial Supply Corporation, Box 5116, Tampa 6, Fla. 75tt JIM BROWN FENCE ;CATALOG FREE Jampacked with most complete selection of Farm and Field Fence in 10 years. Famous BROWN FENCE & WIRE quality that have served American farms for over 60 years. New Low Prices and closer shipping points save you more money! WRITE JIM BROWN, Dept. CS, Memphlis 2, Tenn. 150c: TRACTOR PARTS HEADQUARTERS. 1950 catalog Free. Prompt service. We sell for less. Merchandise guaranteed[. Acme Tractor Supply Company, Lincoln, Nebraska. 350c GRADE LIVESTOCK GRADE BRAHMAN BULL YEARLINGS AND CALVES for sale at the ranch. Unusually good quality, 7/8 and 15/16 Brahman mostly grays. $100 each. Henry 0. Partin & Sons. Kissimmee. Fla. 68tf A DAILY CASH MARKET for your livestock. FRANK E. DENNIS, INC., 2135 Forest St., Jacksonville Florida, Phone 74-158. if CHOICE HOLSTEIN and Guernsey cows; Springers, fresh cows and fall freshening heifers; TB and Bang's tested. Truck or carload lots. Large selection on hand. Dairyland's Progressive Acres, Menominee Falls, Wis. Phone 1872 949150p MISCELLANEOUS DRY BONES WANTED-All you have. We pay cash and can use any quantity. Walker Fertilizet Company, phone 6771, Orlando, Fla. 96tf FENCE POSTS GUARANTEED for 25 years-Creusotetf UNDER PRESSURE, uniform in size, easy to handle, Southern Forest Products Co., Inc., Live Oak, Fla. 11249c. EVERGLADES LIGHTWOOD HEART PINE round fence posts ;my size or amount. Prices quoted on request. State amount desired and delivery point. Douglas L. Crane, RFD 1, Piney Point, Palmetto, Fla. 450c PALOMINOS, PINTOS, PONIES, HORSE; PALOMINO SADDLE HORSES, Hackney, Welsh. Shetland ponies. How old your children? Howard Chandler, Chariton, Iowa. 28sf REAL ESTATE INTERESTED IN BUYING 140 ACRE RANCHmore available? Fine ]iome, near town. Write for printed description. Owner, Brookside Apartments, Starke, Fla. 1l-150p LISTINGS WANTED on farms, ranches, and cut-over timber lands all over the state. A. R. Richardson, Tallahassee, Fla. 550p FOR SALE-Cattle Ranch and Farm, 25 miles from Jacksonville, 335 Acres fenced and crossed fenced, 130 Acres improved pasture balance cleared, bordered one side by large stream, two creeks flow through property. Two flowing 3" wells, water piped to all pastures. One barn, and corralls, equipment shed aid cow stalls, fitting barn, feed shed. Two tenant houses, chicken house and yard, lhog run. Masonery constructed Ranch type residence one year old, three bed rooms two tile baths. kitchen, living room, dining room. Modern convenictsres in all houses, R.E.A. Electricity to all houses and barns. PRICED TO SELL, $29,000.00 will require $10,000.00 cash, bd. TERMS. Write, Walter Denson, Jr. Owner, Russell, Fla. (Clay County). 150c FLORIDA'S FINEST highly developed farm and ranch in best hunting amid fishing region; about 12,000 acres; all types soil, muck, prairie, high timbered lands; streams and lakes; railroad; paved CLASSIFIED MARKET Classified advertising in these columns must reach our office not later than the 1st of month preceding date ot publication. The Florida Farm Bureau Bulletin is published the 10th, The Florila Cattleman is published the 20th, and the Southern Livestock Journal, the 25th. Rate is 10c per word, $2.00 monthly minimum for The Florida Cattleman, in combination with the Southern Livestock Journal. Florida Farm Bureau Bulletin may be included at the rate of 20c per word, $4.00 minimum for all three magazines. Address Cody Publications, Inc., Box 891, Kissimmee, Florida /or January, 1950 49 highways; beautiful rolling country. Price including about 1,000 cattle, timber, all improvements and equipment less than $63.00 per acre, terms. EVERGLADES MUCK land between Miami and Fort Lauderdale on highway 6,000 acres at 535.00 per acre, terms. 212,000 ACRES, or in smaller tracts, pasture land part fenced in heart Florida 's oldest cattle country, S7.00 per acre, terms. Burwell Realty, Fort Lauderdale, Phone 2-3274. 1OOp REGISTERED CATTLE REGISTERED ANGUS AND POLLED HEREFORD CATTLE-We have bulls and females of all ages for sale. MILLIGAN RANCH, Callahan, Fla. 249tf SEASONED REGISTERED ANGUS BULLS now available. Also yearling bulls and heifers. Fort Hamer Ranch, Bradenton, Fla. Telephones 34962 and 349(i5. G. C. PASSMORE FARMS, Route 6, Box 263, Montgomery, Ala., 300 registered Angus cattle. 36tfc PLANTS FREE ROSE CATALOG 1950 AARS winners; 150 patented and standard varieties in beautiful full color. Write nowl The South's largest growers of patented roses. TY-TEX NURSERIES, DEPT. CC, VETERINARY SUPPLIES COMPLETE STOCK veterinary medicines and supplies. Schmidt's Phenothiozine Compound S4 gallon; Schmidt's Cobalt Copper Iron Compound $1.50 gallon; Pink Eye Salve $1.25; Blackleg Serum, Its-pos, Needles, etc. Mail orders accepted. Schmidt Products Co., Kissimmee, Fla. 1149tf TANKS & TROUGHS For Molasses Feeding We manufacture units of any size for all feeding problems ... easily installed ...Tanks, supports, troughs, valves and fittings ...all reasonably priced. Write or call for full particulars and prices. Plant City Welding & Tank Company Phone 294 on U. S. 92, one mile east PLANT CITY 0 FLORIDA I

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DIRECTORY OF AFFILIATED ASSOCIATIONS vvith name arid address of secretary ALACHUA Loonlis Blitth. Box 229, Gainesville, Fla. BAY J. A. Sorensen. Panama City BlE YARD James I. Oxford, Cocoa, Fla. BROWARD Robert S. Pryor, Ft. Iauderdale CENTRAL FLORIDA (Orange, Seminole, Lake) C. >. awson, Sanford CHARLOTTIE N. H. IQueetn, P'tnta Gorda DADE Chairles Steffatti. Court louse, Miami DESOTO w. L Woods. Arcadia DIXIE N. 11. McOteen. Ptnta Gorda EVERGLADES (1liendtr and Collier) WB. B11G ott, LaBel l GLADES A. G. Hutchinson, Moore Ilaven GULF C. R. laird, Wetrahitchka HARDEE F. It Vance. Wattchula HIERNANDO) I trLe. t's City I lots I l BltinkleN, Brooksville HIGHLANDS N. r. Oxer. Sebring HILLSBOROUGH J. 0. Armor, Plant City HOLMES Start C. Bel, Bonifay INDIAN RIVER Marc l A. Bodet. Vero BeatI, Fla. JACKSON WA. C, 'Nobles. Rit. 1, Mfariatina I EE C. P. Ileock. Ft. M'vers LEVY T. I. Ritktib ketr, Bronson MANATEE Murta i IHarrison, 'alietto MARION C:rrl Hendricks, Ocala, Fla. MARTIN I. M. Johnson, Stuart NASSAU Cotdon B. Ellis, Hilliard OKEECHOBEE Clifford R. Bovles. Okeechobee OSCEOLA Pat Johnston, Jr. Kissimtee PALM BEACH H. L. Spree, Belle Glade PASCO J .1'. iggits, Dade City PINELLAS J. I. Logan, Clearwater POLK Arthur N. Bassett, ox 66. Wttter Haven PUTNAM W'edron Brantt I, Grandin -SARASOTA Taylot Green, Box 1269, Sarasota ST. JOHNS P. R. MCNMullen, P. 0. Box 517, St. Augustine ST. LUCIE Charles I). Kinie, Fort Pierce SUMTER Elmer Hawkits, Bushnell VOLUSIA W. J. Platt, Jr. (Exec. Sec.), DeLand Clyde Iart, Ner Stttvena Beach WASHINGTON it. 0. Ilarrison, Chipley FLORIDA STATE CATTLEMEN'S ASSOCIATION KISSIMMEE FLORIDA Editorially: Making Hay Might Not Be Bad Business in Florida THE 011ER DAY wVe were talking to i titan about growing hlaty. Fhis mlan hais illst lefulrned 11-01m C00rado iere hie has been working on a Inchl where hay mtISt be grown ill o(derI to provide willt' feed. If there is no hay, the cattle will die. I--I asks: "Why don t lorida rInchers grow their owl ]iy like the esterners." Weli. we told him that we thought that within if few years mo1st Florida n-onchers wolild be growing hay. We atso told hii that a lot of, t1hemti It re atIIeadv growing. iot only haiy, but other feedstuffs to provide food for their cattle (utrilng the witer. We Also said that ttatv other Ilord iats have tried growing Ily, and have been tuttsoccessful beatitse of lhe nmoisture conitenit anld the inladeoiluacy of IL1turll (Iffillg-bUt Lhill haV driers arc now itt ulse whlici appear to Solve this difI i(.ili. Since FIoridta .s tattle econo my is based tit marketing of calves, it is important that alves be dropped. Cows whi It are not bred Nvoll't drop anly calves, and ctws wttlt't grtow out their calves a's well as ait cows. Winter feed is ;it esse'ltial here just as it is ill tile West. And growing of bay -or c itt, oroitis, or clover-isnt so hard that ;ony ralldher can't dto it. ilt least oil part of hi1s hold, Ivith eqipmlenit flow ivaitlable. If by keeping your cows fit during the winter you can achieve at 75 p1ercelti calf crop instead of it 30 percent t:alf crop, it isn't hard to figure thiat you ;ie going to have ltalf again -is many .tlvts to iarket the next fall. Let's nake hay! We're Proud of These Two Cattleman Firsts! Thlls IssuE, of' .H FL'ORIDA CATITLE'AN iarks another lilestolte in the steady development wh'lich hals Seel) this publicltion become Florida's largest farn magazine, front standpoint of' advertising( ;fnd( news material. 1 ot pages make this tile lirgC At C XII i MAN ever pri lted-aitd the leven-page illndCx Of the first 14 years tnarks tile first tine we have attempted to provide a index tltt those off our readers who can't remember when ita certain story iippitred but would like to find it. 'The owners of Cod' Puiblicaitiots, Inc., which p"blistes '"IlE C^TTNIi"N, xx"lIt like ttt tiike this 01t)la1hitillity to thantlk the subscribers and advertisers who have tttade this progress possible. We I I that ytol will coittiinite ity'ur siippttrlt of this miagaine. and tha \,off will (011. Iotiu letting Lis know what yoll want to e11;1d (its Well its xIalt yOU dttn'i xWant to read) ill THE l"WRIDA CAHIuMAN. We predict that the -attle industry ill this stilt(, will conitintue 1.0 grW0 du~rinlg 15(1 all the eltsiing years. We hope to repeat it frienldly Happy New Year to tilr e'Ctdtrs fto imvll 'Cars to co te. Let's Make This Our New Year's Resolution T Ill lfFCt OF New Year's resolutions is tlxhviys supposed to totie up tt this tithe of year, and we liav' e x'e wolil(l like to omllmliei'd to all cattlemen. You should write it down like this: "I resolve that I will attend the Aneric~m National convention il 'Miamii Jailtarv 1-7, because I (-an learn a lot, froinl tlhii cattlemen I'll meet, ;old because it's the tdut'ty of Ilorida cattleien to make tie xweStertters feel tt hIoie." "I'll xlso hav t ood timei1.Will we see you ill Nliili? Is That Barbed Wire Being Strung Now? T Is istI gentle reminder that, ill tilx six ilmore iloitIs, Ilorida's cattle mttlst be so onfiled that the will not be wanderilng ol a y state or ledral illxr~lxa. I .of most (attlemenci this wdil mimII fll(ongto some ill isolated alreas-it wvon't. 11t, in -whatever classificatiol you all, don't let .111v I comei around without liaVilig your cattle Where te' callt Siuy of) tile hlighways. Tile 191 legislature Imssed at Jim whVlich Sll0Jld reduIm( to a tuian ile d;ltge' from catlIe oil ltighwaVs. Let's tlke Sure that this laxx itioes the trick. After tll, other laws could be passed which wiotIld cause imtic greater hardships to cattle owners. We Should Find Out About Our Brahmans! A iEW MONTHS BACK we pointed out that thte Br;i-alian business ill Florida bidls lifir to deCVelop1 inltO OI)e 01' 0r ]Cidilng( export businesses. Not only :re these cattle going into the North, they are also being sent to Lmti" America ill significant numbers. This should be as good ;ll opportunity as any to irge each of yt tito t attend the Ocala Brahlttian Shoxw Jilt. 17.21 and see just how good Florida BrAhmans are. The Florida Cattlentali 50

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WINTER PLANNING MAKES SPRING DOLLARS handful a day SAVES a pound a day TA YOUR SPRING BEEF AND CALF CROPS DEPEND UPON SUPPLEMENTAL FEEDING NOW X-CEL Cattle Pellets balance your Winter range grass with the necessary proteins, minerals and carbohydrates to produce maximum beef and calf crops next Spring. ...Easy to feed-economica-X-CEL Cattle Pellets stop unnecessary weight loss of beef and condition breeding stock for a bumper crop of strong calves. X-CEL Cattle Pellets are sold fresh by the bag or the truckload. No waste in feeding. Save time in handling. Delivered fresh. See the X-CEL Man now for X-CEL Cattle Pellets. JACKSON RAIN CO. MPA, FLORIE .FEEDS *SEEDS FERTILIZERS .INSECTICIDES

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4P*the 43 h~p. Diesel D/ AIA HERE'S a 60-inch gauge, 43-HP "Caterpillar" Diesel D4 on wide tracks. It's giving a muckland acreage belonging to A. Duda & Sons, Lake Jem, Florida, a "treatment" to effect quick drainage. The D4 backs up to the ditch, lowers the mole to 30 inches below the soil surface, and crosses the field at 15' intervals. (Note that the tool is mounted on big bomber tires-to try to stay on top of the muck, like the D4's tracks!) With sure traction and ample power, the D4 accomplishes satisfactory drainage in a 20-acre field. The "mole"-holes remain intact a whole season, regardless of surface cultivation. The cost, of course, is only a fraction of tiling! "Caterpillar" Diesel Tractors fit a great range of drainage, clearing, reclamation and land-fitting needs. Full facts without obligation. All models now off allocation. Your "C A T E R P I L L A R" Headquarters GIBBS CORPORATION JACKSONVILLE MAITLAND OCALA TALLAHASSEE CLEWISTON MOTOR COMPANY CLEWISTON SHELLEY TRACTOR & EQUIPMENT COMPANY MIAMI f TAMPA

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JANUARY, 1950 \ I K~ ~e K~. ~ I / I I i Seon Section Plenty of e)(,,,f was malanifest i this class at the Kissimmee Valley Show. Left to right, holding hle animals, are: flank Partin. Rcd Harris, Al. F. Hammonlld, Pat Johnston. Jr., horace Fuifard, Carroll Ilarris, T. J. DJirrance, Jr. uw t

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AT OCALA. te're consigning tiwo top calves, one by our "Em. peror" bull and both out of exceptional cows. BE SURE TO SEE. AT THE SALE, Madam Shaker. pictured at left, who was calved November 8, 1947. and e1 d s; .calved January 16, 1949, AT THE RANCH several bull and heifer calves hich are available for y Nour inspection at any PHONE 2121 HA ZECENTER HILL, FLA. 2-Second Section The Florida Cattleman He s o GOOD BRAHMANS. are the foundation upon which we are building four registered herds in the heart of northeast Florida's cattle country. While our supply of breeding stock available for sale is limited to a few weanling bull calves, we will be glad to show you our cattle at any time. Visit Hastings and see these four herds HASTINGS BREEDERS R. T. Clay, Jr. Clyde P. Smith Diamond R Ranch John L. Smith

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DIRECTOR .frahm. Breeders Is Published for Seventh Consecutive Year Listings tell about number of catttle aind bloodlines; Southeastern Brathnwan Association members marked with (*) AIRIIIARI AN) DATfISON. Drawer 1351, o0landlo, F li'. (') AlliN, BONA, JR., Bufoid, Ga. ANHIONY FARSIS (See Norris Cattle Companty) BABCOCK, VOSE, 3205 Granada Blvd. Coral Cales. Fla. (*) BAR B RANCH, Southport, Fla., ranct located 111 miles north of Panama City ott Iiighway 77, Ernest Brock. owner. This hierd, Consisting of eight registered females of breeding age, was estaltlisled in 1949 with purchases from Henry O, Martin and Sons of Kissimmee, Fla. Sires are Brokimnar (1-20666) and Jerry (2-20667). (*) BAR 7 RANCh. Kissimmee, Fla., ranch located at head of Kissimmee prairie, phone 2871, Mrs. Pat Johnston and Soft, owners, Pat Johnston, Jr., manager. This herd, established more than 30 rars ago, contains around 3315 brood matrons on are Emperor Jr. 36th (676-30313), Imparistre P. 754 (754-34611), and Phletgar E. 698 (69831588). Several heifer calves from Emperor Jr. 36tI were sold during the past vear, and six grown cows. Spring calves will te available soon. ( *) BARTHI, J. A., AND SONS (See Barthle's U Ranch) BASS. FRANK, Wauhula, Fla. ( B-C RANCH, Box 44. Lotxaatcltee, Fla. J. T. Clamip, Manager. (*) BEAUCII AMPF, LAMAR (See Polk Brahma ni Farms, Inc.) BENTLEY BRAHMAN RANCH, INC., 1'. 0. Box 1147, Lake Alfred, ranch located at Crews%lie in Ilardee County, phones Lake Alfred 29-983 or 27-391, J. W. Bentley, manager. This herd was established in 1914 atnd consists of 74 Contents, Brahman Review Section Florida Cattleman, January 1949 Seventh Annual listing of Southeastern Brahman Breeders. .3 Largest Braitan Show iii Histoty LxpeCtted itt Otala Jottlary 4-.6 Schneidcr Says Indian Hardships Produced :ardy Brahmtasis .to Rrahman Influence Can Cause Further Advance in Beef Industry .14 Research Aids Livestock Disease Prevention.20 Genetics Paper by Kellev of Australia Read at Centennial ..26 Brahman Hall of 'Fame: Kenmore Uses Best Available Animals Palmers Buy I3 Females, Bull, from fDurrrance and Norris .40 Matntt, Partin Show Champions at K issimmee Valley Show. 6 which six registered siles are being bred. Some of the matrons were raised front unregistered NelIre 1ous itmported many ears ago, while some "err purchased from Hudgins. Ilowever. the herd las been fully registered silce 194l. Sir5s ;ie Alart Alaoto Jr. (151-18018), Merto (6762, OrIao Pat (1.1654). Patlen (14657), Pedro .Ao o 1h f301-241237), Polphtar (253-17951). Sir Alaya -tt Jr. Ist (-102-35242) and Riley Ilplristre Oi1-43907). Registered of all kinds are available Ittr tleI (') BAR S RANCII, H;rstings, Ila., rath located oil [hIe old Davtona road southeast of IHastings, CI 'dl 1). Sm ithb, oniler. Herd 'was established in 1916 and sires sutt its Maroto, Aristocirata, I'nperatrl, ])ull), Hopkins, Supimipa. Hri, sholkmlan. Tippu fill, G;real. VUc., are prominent im Pcligrets of the herd of 20 brood matrons. Slts in use. itclItde Io, Indir.,s (AA222-19232), 1111sails (AA27-112-I6, Tippu's Dan (1611210), and Blhie Elep~hanf-s (77-31382). BAR I E:'s I RANCII San Antonio, Fla. ratrtlt 'wattlI he miles wcst of Highwac, 52, follow '191s tight tiiles North, J. A. Baitltand Sots,. 1e. Il i herd Sas established in 194 with Dit'hases strong fin the blood oi Aristocratt, sollbrero. Mallrino, Quilnca and Maroto, and "(ow number 12 ft-mal-s of breeding age. Sites registeted females of brtding age featuring Ma iso. Maroto d Martiin biret-ding and headed Its L.ucrito (68-143261, a bull bred by 1). lGuerra and Sons. The ranci also owns a herd ttf tomtetrcial Bralman crosses. BENE1l:F1EL., J. I., Tallesast. I. (') iIlEVILLE, HEl-RMAN (See Cirtle It Ranch) BIC. RAY (See Polk Bralttan Fartts, Inc.) B1SSE .-AT M ., RID 1, Box 402 Winter Haven, Fia. (*) BLACKSHER COMPANY, 372 Brent Bldg., IPensacola, Fla., ranch located at Urialt, Ala., 70 miles noritli Of Pensacola, phone 8-9573, D. W. Blacksher, president. This iertd consists of 30 registered females of breeding age of Mattso and Impertor bleeding. (*) iL.AfKWEtL, S. R. (See Clover Bar) BLACKWELL, STOCKBRIDGE AND (See Clover Bar) BOYD, WILLIAM R. (See South Mtoon Ratch) BR RANCHI, 1137 Main Street, Sarasota, Fla., phoie 220i, Milton R. Thotas and Sons, ownfCon iued on page 28--Serond Secion) ,-.,nnouncinq establishment of a registered Brahman herd featuring top quality cows of Manso and Maroto breeding, bought from Clifford Brothers, Weslaco, Texas. jo1r ae Six registered bulls three to four years old. These bulls can go to work right now. RAINBOW RANCH Harry Westbury, Mgr. Phone 87 PALATKA, FLORIDA for J(ituarY, 1950 Second Section--3

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BRAHMANS -IN -THEIR -WORK -CLOTHES AT THE FARM WINTER HAVEN SATURDAY C JAN. 21 These cattle are not highly fitted and are by no means "show-fat". They are of good breeding and will go to their new home with a disposition and an ability to "do good." Col. Tom McCord, Montgomery, and Col. R. D. Cooper, Sarasota, will cry the "Ive been working on ihe railroad." sale, beginning at 2 p.m. "I'vebeen________________lite__________ Including many of Imperator and linebred Manso breeding Bulls and Heifers strictly in their working clothes carrying a preponderance of Manso breeding-all from these two well-known Florida herdsPOLK BRAHMAN FARMS WINTER HAVEN Remember last year? FLORIDA DURRANCE RANCH BRIGHTON Write for catalog FLORIDA 559 KISSIMMEE LAKELAND WINTER DUNDEE HAVEN 17 LAKE I 4--Second Sectio"n The Florida Cattleinal

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The Greatest Concentration OF MANSO BREEDING EVER OFFERED Buyers of Commercial Bulls and the Commercial Cattlemen of the Southeast will Profit! Manso breeding has come to be the word among beef cattlemen and Brahman breeders for beef-type and gentle disposition. Never before has such a concentration of this breeding been offered at public auction, and we are confident the commercial cattlemen of Florida and the southeast will respond to this offering by their presence at our sale. In all, more than thirty head of service-age bulls are included in our 1950 catalog, and of these, virtually all have Manso breeding both top and bottom-and many have Manso four or five times-in their pedigrees. These cattle are in their working clothes, and are offered at prices to be determined by the buyers. They may be inspected at the farm on the morning of sale day. Remember! AFTER OCALA IT'S WINTER HA VEN SATURDAY MN 21 Last Year's Buyers Nearly thirty buyers participated in our 1949 sale-taking 46 animals at an average price of $448. Here are their names: Mrs. Carey Carlton. Carlton W. Palmore. A. C. Wright, Jr. EK Ranch C. P. Smith G. A. Shackelford Henry 0. Partin & Sons. V. E. Hollingsworth. J. L. Gilmore. D. A. Hunt C. H. Downs. Michigan State College B. D. Pierson, J. H. Cason H. F. Bargy Dr. W. C. Touchton W. C. Champion Doyle Lightsey George M. Carson B. E. Burns VW Ranch L. Berkwit Harry Gibbs Herman Beville F. R. Congdon S. E. R. Mills Arcadia Lakeland Fort Meade Sarasota Hastings Zolfo Springs Kissimmee Myakka City *. .Belfast, N. Y. Lake Wales Sarasota East Lansing Fort Pierce Inverness Polk City Avon Park Orlando Tampa Madisonville, Tenn. .Ocala Belle Glade Babson Park Wauchula Bushnell Haines City Sarasota for January, 1950 Second Section-5

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LARGEST EVER Is Prediction for 1950 Brahman Show Set for January 17-20 At Ocala; 39 Consigned to Annual Sale Showv is open to alnyt members of Americean Brahman Breeders' Association for first time; More than _150 registered cattle vill be shoitn in sixth annual event, Herrmann estimates HVIIIN THE OCA \A BRAHMAN SnOX' gets tIlnderway ;t O(ala Jantuiry 17, it is probable tllat there vill be ittore animals exhibited thiat ever before, according to R. G. "Bob" Herrmann of Ocala. secretary of the sponsoring Southeastern Brahiman Breeders' Association. And wIh1nCI the aluitial sale is held J1MaayV 20. the offering of ,g registered Brahim1ia us will 1e the best if] the sale's six-year history. Last yar more tIMI 125 ;nimttals werc showit: this year i1o or more are expected at the Southeastern Livestock Pavilion two milcs north of* Octla otn the Jacksoitvill highway where all events are schedUled. For tile first tile ill itistor', tIe show is open to any iteIber of tile American Braiman Breeders' Association. The sale may not equal last year's average price of S88o per e1d1-b1t it Wov't be because ter e nItot worth it,. at(1(dintg to Herrmann. tries will be the mtainl order of bhsiness oil Tuesdar. J:m ar' 17. btt thtt showing will Iblegii 1rltonptt1ty It 0:00 a.1it. On Wed nesday, J anuary IS with judging of I-I td FIFA entries. Judging of all nle classes atd mtiale groups Will f'OlOW at1 10:00a~. ThuI rsda v will be a full day, with judging of all femtiale classes and all totps lot alre d judged s itediled to begin at 9:3p (~. onitinu~e 1until inoon. ;nd reCstume( agan t 2:00 p.m. junior jUdging conitests and other special f'eaturcs Will be held begining" At 12:00 1100n, ond the ;omulal banltluet which will felWTur preTsent,1tion Of pr1izes is sdcdUled to start It 7:00 P-m. Friday will be devoted to titt' sale of registered BrAlllanls whi is to begilt It 1:oo p.m. J1dige flot tHte sltoxx' is Lt1tis GilbrethIT of Alic. Tex. who pruviouisly. handled dis(Ussio 0tf tile rt'gistereCd Braltmtns shown at the Braitmtn Day at Hardee County Livestock Mlarket Last February. Atutioneers will be Col. Tole MCord of Mon.tgOmryt, .\la., ialld Col. Bob Cooper of Smrasota. More thm Sxooo il tie tiloney is oikred ith the show. in editionn to al ners, ribbons and trophies. As usual Tliv FltolumA CATITNTAx Will preCsent :1 trophy to xiie premiextir ittrtof the show-the bretdr whose cattle make the lest all-round show rcord-while ti e jmckso Grain Conilmny of Tampa will Pre slt ta trophy to tle premllir breeder -tie al who breeds ttse ()tile whid make tile best overall record, whetherc he Shows 1theml or nlot. There will be slight~vlyoone femlale thanl bulls olicred ill Ohe SAC. With 20 femaules ;111d lo bulls (onsignled 6y lo dillerenit breeders. DIurran~c R:1n01 of Brightonl and NorI-is Cattle Company of* Ocala~ lead the list, of, conlsignlors, wvith ca( 1 offecring' five, allimlls. DUrran11ce is seMl1ing three heilcr (alve's. W? LaodY Hophinls looo/1h .1(nitio) a d sltioi (ham)ions et 1o tiI9.j) 0(1/it Brahman show, tol1sit Of /thr gr1an(d fopicns which were picttted ill The Catlm1(111 i/l sIt month, were ht es atnimals:Upper) lfl, Prilncess Poniano. /unlio (h(mtPiolt female, AMrs. J'atl johisto l and Son, kissimme: Up/et ci'te, ndejlion's Paula, setre cititmtpiont femal Norris Caille Compainy. Ocala; Upper rigti, Riley's tmpritt, 'stie champiolt bil1, jtiior champioit bull/,. 7onlt mton. I owf'r left, DandeliontI's Lord jim, jnlnior Y e en'e Champion bull, oris: Lower itelli, 71)1-1 Qn) n t le ilt((nsiO 7tlt t junior n sete c thamfiol lem al', A. 1)da t id Sons, Coto0; Lower rtt1ti, Emperor's M1 788, senior reserve champion bil/, Otk/ey lurp/y, t'nn Parh.

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The Best Of Brahman Breeding! Yes. we believe we have the best in Brahman breedingand we believe the evidence is clear in the pictures at right and below. L Our herds are based on use of Manso and Imperator bulls oil the very best females available. Of our 320 breeding females, 134 have been bought directly from J. D. Hudgins of flitngerford, Texas, and 70 of similar breeding from other licungerford breeders-S. C. and Aleck Border. The rest of our herd has been bought from Henry 0. Parting and Sons and Cushmnai S. Radebaugh, or produced on the ranch. We aim to produce large, big-boned, uniform bulls with good fleshing ability for use on your commercial and purebred herds. Animas piar/urerd Iah)erewith are avs follows: .b11ove, op. 71)H1 Qa uena de Manso 7o6 .1, iwho was junior ese'n'r Ie (( (hampioni at (he 1!4! Ocala BIrahman S 1o laad should a 0el welll gain Iis y A bo. 1bave, )ottomll. Empero, son o Emperor is a v(ry file' yollong I)bIul whilcl will be one of' olI 1(rd sres sool/. At /eft, top. is pi ta ed 71)11 Fay'V de .a1(n1so, eech ol qrcthy nde poisn theseand 1'w/n /)IIIn/als are. All cattle are at our ranch near Cocoa aId you should write, wire or phone our Manager when you are coing. A. Duda & Sons Phone 217 G. A. Tucker, Mgr. OVIEDO, FLA. Ph. 36-J, OCOA COCOA, FLORIDA for January, 1950 Second Section-7

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Toeeo's no subs/i/u/e for good ,g rass-or giod an//le. Thce Biihman matnis wee pho /og phed i/ /e L E M Gariens ranch ofiEgoie F. Griffin near Darlow where good grass and god breding omiin e /o ake all oiitandin herd. (wilnler of first at the Kissimuiice Valley show) .DR Gr ey Mansli/a 3/ 1, and DR lue Aansita 971i, and is also offering a yearling bull. 7D11 Nera/ de aiso, and a hull call. M? B/ue Aanso 9g/a. Norris is selling a fired heiIer. B3. D.>s Queen .dauglhter of grand (h(alipioll Blue Direor h)red to grand cliampion B/utin's Aloneyniaker. and two open beifers. Red Dirk's Iiabella aid Red Dich's 7oanne. is well as two ilis. both of service age. Dandelion's Dein and Red DickA/'s Ilr/hnr. Consigning three animals each are RIussell Farmer of \auchiula. L. S. Harris of artow, Hery .(T art in and Sons o Kissimlimee. and Dave Sloan of asottC. Farmer's consignment consists of the opeie hilers Princess Alniso Cadiqe 41ist and Irincess Manso 39/h. while the bull lie is unisigning is a service-age animal named ipp Prince 59th, Harris is selling one female and two bulls. the female heing Tippi's Princess NO. 324, which sells bred to Fryal/. Rulls are the service-age hUll Tip and thle ull GIIIFya/' Applling 2.10. H enlrs 0. I'artinl and Sons' leart Bar Ratch is selling the open licifler, Miss Emnperor 8/h 151/h, ad the heifer call. Miss Emape'ror S. 255, hoth (aLuglters of tie undefeated grand cialipion Ei mper.or, and a son oF the same huull, ready for service, ELiiperor P. 8With. Dave Sloan of Mascotte is selling two lired heifers. !l' B lle and M iss Wi/e'. both lred to zrando, a three-year-oldl which is also consigned to the sale by Sloan. The Whalev Company of Kissimnnece Park is offering a liier call, Aiss Pies lado 9/l, and is also consigning a serviceage htall which placed well at Ocala last (car. 'res/ad /I-. F/i. 11. S. Hazen is consigning Mada ii Sh/e, selling hred to emperor Afanoi 25. aal a young I.L Emi/uror lanso Ist. A. .iarltoa, of Sarasota is selling two lenales, hoth calves, -7jiody Caiiova and Miss Lee. J. A. lirthle and Sois of San Antonio are consigning a ured fenale. Aliss Bess Below is a recapitulationl of the prices brought at the four precediig registered Bramlillan sales at Ocala: To/) B/vol Am, Umber Average Gross Year Price Price Head Peid of Sailes 1945 .SU150 S221 48 S498 S23915 19416 S2100 S250 49 .6S4o Q31375 1947 5215o $275 43 $68o S29235 1948 S31(o S360 26 S88gt S23105 1949 S2700 $300 30 5881 S26415 8-Second Secdion pae o/, which sells fired to P.legr E 698, aind Baby Eaper00 2d, a nll sC:IF Ii fg. (Cinsigned hy Hernan Beville of Bush. nell is a serice-age hull. Circle 11 Silver Dn/ch while Fugene Griffin of Iartoi is also ofering a service-oge bull. Tippa Plinio' 200/1. G. Philip Iligoan of Carleston. S. C. is selling Cleoptra an ipen heifer which is ready or i breeding. while J. .James of Bartow is offering lilolengar ff. Manso 881, a sersilc Ihl. Kemniuorc Rafich of Vero Beach consigas a service bull, Sii Ilibert Arishopman. Oakley Murphy o l .\oi 'ark is offering the hleilcr call, aiady Illporo/or 7/li. Onc a1l1, l)andeion's Lin, is the colsignment of Piolk Brahmnan Farms of Winter Have. W. H1. Stuart of Bartow is selling Sir Aiiis/o liperiato1 a sericc hull, wh bile 0J. .W'ollf anad Soils of Okeeclobue are offering John josh 61h, a bull calf. \s usual all calves showN'aa or sol mnust le tested and lrce ol 'lB and Banis Hot mnoreC that) 15 days prior to the slhuuIe. In accition us te sale "Ifsigniirs. show herds are cxpec ted at O(ala I'friai the following: T. P. Chairs, Jr. Bradentol; A. DIai ana Sots, Cocoa; L. E. Fugle, DeLand; Mrs. Pat Johnston and Son, Kissimmee; N Bar NI Ranch, Sarasota; G. .MAai Ranch, Bariv: .C. Stallworth, Vineg;lr Bend Aa.: Milton R. 1omaas and Sols, Sarasota. The Florida Cattlenala

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65 Head are Catalogued In Polk Sale Durrance participates in 1950 offering at Winter Haven Jan. 21 OFFERING A TOTAL of (5 head and featwring a block of 1iore than (1 bulls designecd to appeal to commercial Cattlemien for cross-breeding and range herds, Polk Brahlan Farms, Winter Haven, ill ((1)]j(LjtioI with DIrrance Ranch lBri 'ghtonl, has announced its second all1 nual auOctio1 at 11e farll for 2 p.M. Sattirday, januJa0ary 2 1. Againl tlis Vear the them1e1 of the sale will be "11r1ahllans in tiir Work Clothes" and a (artoon showing a quartet of Gzerats singing "I've Been Working o1 the Railroad" is enbellishilg the sale catalog. ilnIluded ill the 19511 offering is I iplpllrisimo, Polk's herdsire whose progen-y in four vears have produced S2(,9)912 Ill aggregate sale valt., and whose contribution to the herd is evidenced by the fact h of' his daughters are being rttained as brood matrons. Th'lis son of Tipph will be Lot I ill tei catalog' and probably first to go under the gavel of Anctionlers Tom AMfcCord a rid B)ob Cooper. Durrance RallCh will consignl tLen ftmales, of which tight are I 91) calves mostly by A(anso sires. A pairI of almost identical II918 hitifers will be offered at buyers' (hoice. Polk Brahman. Farms' offering includes cightII females. The bull offering includes two 1ialterbroktii sons of A1M1an1so 7r. oIll, olle of them out of Polk's "best cow", aI son of DR Compact Prince Manlso 558, all(n a long list of itaIlso bulls. "We feel that this is the greatest (-oicentration of Mlanso blood ever offered at Publi(c auctionn" '1. J. Durrance, Jr., told THE ATFI.I-MAN. 01f more thanl thiirty hecad, virtually all have Manso >(th1 top 11(i bottonll, and (1ma11y pedirtes sllw Manso lour or five tilmes.l nal,18 females a"(d 17 bulls 'Vill be Italog Utd. Il e sale is (lled for 2 p.111. at c1 ar1 1 USt W11 of' Dunde oil th Winter Hlaven highway. Catalogs mlay hc obtained by writing Laniar lieau(1amlp, Polk Brahmiail Farms, Wintecr HavNc, la. L: st yI r all ;verage of f 8 was r-_ (orde(d n 6 hcadl, "with somei thirtyN buesparti( ipating. IMPORT ED Brazilian Bull Coming to Florida Brahman breeders know the source of America's Brahnians has beeni a small number of animals imported over a period of years. This limited foundation stock has produced all of Florida's registered Brahnans. In 1946 an importation of bulls came from Brazil via Mexico to breeders in the Rio Grande Valley. We are proud to announce that we have recently purchased from El Texano Ranch at Hidalgo, Texas, one of the 16 remaining bulls; a particularly outstanding specimen named which is registered with both ABBA and PAZA as well as with the Uberaba registry in Brazil. Carioca is the first of the 18 bulls imported to come to Florida. He presents an unprecedented opportunity for Florida herds to secure the blood of a newly imported sire. He also presents an opportunity for Florida ranchers to develop a pure or specific Indian breed as has been practiced in Brazil for years. For miore information about Carioca, who will arrive il Florida il early January, contact Vose 2901 Ponce deLeon Blvd. Phone 4-1914, Coral Gables Babcock Charles L. Anderson, Herdsman LaBelle, Florida NCH ON HIGHWAY 8:13, 21 MILES SOU I OF NO. 80 IN HEIKNDRY COUNTY for Jfalinuary, 1950 Second Sectiou-9

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A -7 T hries l e J., ar c ot j /hw hwd of 11-Bar-,11 Ranch ncar Sarisoa, owiuwl by Dr. R. Almitalt 'n. Al larM l i/led ii e with /to has' of /eifr oil ve', is growing them out (s ils >ashu r i1I>'oves. Schneider Says Indian Rains, Drought, Temperatures Made Hardy Brahmans ()u'--PNING ADDRESS On th Bramnoi Centennial program was by Dr. Burch H. Schn-eider of the University of West Virginia at Mforgantown. Dr. Schneider, who -xvas for some time associated with Dr. Sain Higginbottom lit the Alltahihad A gricultural Institute. discussed the subject of "India's Gift to America." A condensation Of Dr. Schneider's paper follows: We are here to celebrate The American Brahman Centennial. Mxr. Joshi, to whon I oixe the success of much that I tried to accomplish in India is to follow me on the program. Many of yoi have ])een breeding tli' cattle that we iall Bralinian in this countrv-the only country in the world in which this namie is applied to cattle. You have thought you knew -what a Bralinan is. Now you see a real one. jr joshi is the only genuine Brahman most of yoi have ever SCHNEIDER seen. x X X I ai asked to speak on the subject "India's Gift to America" on this occasion of the celebration of the first installment of that gift. 'I-lie year if3184 was a famous one. It was a year in which many decisions were being made that affected the nation for years afterward. It was the first year of peace after the Mexican War. MIny' events were shaping tip which later led to the war between the states. The North was becoming industrialized. The South was trying to iiproe her agriculture and make herself self-sufficieit. It is no wonder that someone felt the need for livestock more adaptable to the climate and to the hard conditions tinder which livestock in those days had to Iive. In the previous year gold was discovered in California. The eastern seaboard was astir and many foot-free, able-bodied men xeint west to dig for ilit' ]Txlow wealth. The r 'ers arc knoxxn to 'eryone. In tliat saie year. another event oCcured i I i'lative ofscurit .Two head of cattlea itw and full-froim lintit xwere landed lier' lit tle port of Charleston. Vlile maily of thos' gold mines have been long since panned out and d's'rte. tile moveniit iowxard walt otl hofs has gone oii and ol, and is still iucreasig. Brahmian (attle now x\t'id roim ti' Atlantic to the Pacific. In1, 181f9, one South Carolinian started the rumor that there wxas gold in this state. le xias right. Perhaps mainy\ didf not recognize it, but it was there. Gold in cattle gix's more wealth in sterns of human need-Iunian nutritive requireients--ttan till tile gold metal in the world. One good source of information of this first importation is the lisiory of tile State AgriCUiltUaI SOCidty 0f South Clroli it. Anotlier source is the report of Dr. J. L. I ush of lowa State College, formerly of Texts A. arld 'M. College. In 1021 le interviewed Mrs. R. E. Whit', daughter of Dr. Janes Bolton Davis. At that litie she was living in Texas. Slit was a lidy over 80, but still active, alert, anid in fill] possession of all of her facilities. ''lie onlv published account of that interview is in the Brahman liree'der Feeder for January, i 9 lh Mrs. White said that she reiiemiberedi well seeing the Brahman i ttle when hel father imported them in OR849 and took them to his farm in Fairfield County, about tthirtvfive miles north of Columbia. While he was in England lie traded twro Cashmere goats that lie brought from Turkey to the Earl (if Derby for the pair of Brahmians. These were taken from the Royal Zoological Gardens in London, where they had been imported by the British East Indit Company. Dr. Davis xx*its appointed by President Polk in i8146 to be agricultural adviser to the Sultan of Turkey. IHis primary task was to demonstrate ctton planting ill Turkey. le took with him six trusted slaves to assist in teaching the Turks. Why was le chosen for this mission? What (lid it mean in those days to be tin agricultural aINisci? Ie .\gri cIIItuiral Experimtii t Station at Rothaisted .England, and a few on the Continenit wecre beginning to take form. The bill establislihng ourlail-rat collIges was not passedf until i!) years later. The co(epts of controlledd expe'rillieits wecre new idecas that were being expressedI hv onky tile most advanced thinkers. But peopl were willing to try new things. Dr. Davis was born at 'Monticello, South Carolina, oii December r. i Soc. His father was a Baptist minister. Ie attended Jefferson Acadelliv at Monl tiiello, the South Carolina College (now the University of Souiti Carolina) and studied lit the MieliCal College' here in Charleston. but later trailsferred to the Medical College of Plennsf vania, xhle re ie graduated. le married an heiress. wbich is always a desirable thing to do if you wtait to import livestock. His wiffe wtas a sister to tle xifc of Governor Adais. It is xer onvenient for an intporter to ha\e political connections. He praclited m divine only ito \ears and then devoted lthe remainder of liis life to scientific agriculture. In his day, perhaps a medical edluation was the best he cool4 have lid for animal husbandry. Many of tle tasic sciences are ite same. Dr. Davis introduced a number of plants and animaI into this country. The cattle from India that lie imported are reported to have been of the "My-sole'" breed, ile type of agile draft cattle that have horns sweeping backxard from the pol atnd turning upward ill a reverse cure that seeimns qriite strange to its. One report says that the bull was a magnificent white animal and tile lhifef was a very beautiful dun color. It wsli further stated that their offspring wer "beautifully formed, very graceful, fine for oxen, quick in their movements, inmttii from ticks, healthy, and fine for beef. The ale good milkers, though not equal as milkers to Series) ...The half-breeds were gracefIul and beautiful". Later Dr. Davis soi these wo original animals through a xlr. Eaves to a Shaker settleieiit in Kentucky, IHIt received S1.,00 for the two ]lead. These prosperous and frugal people. with a religion The Florida Catletinil 10-Second Section

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Put on te kamp to qo witI tAe Jamp. USE FUGLE'S BRAHMANS At the farm we have weanling bull calves and three two-year-old bulls for saleDC REX Manso st (left), and Flarcie Manso (right) are the two Brahnans we will show (it Ocala. n ote the beef characteristics which we are developing with Mianso breeding. Both were first prize win ners at the Sum ter All-Florida Show at Webster. all featuring the Manso breeding. DEEP CREEK FARMS best of 1. E. FUGLE DELAND, FLA. M I L E S N O R T H O N U. S. H I G H W A Y p I BRAHMANS HEAD the STARS! Great Beef-Building plans in the future of the Livestock Industry are born each time the Brahman Breed is "on show". Cattlemen everywhere are watching these "stars of the show" rise to unprecedented heights of prominence as contributors to the nation's meat supply. See the feature livestock attraction ...fine Brahman cattle ...at the following: OCALA BRAHMAN SHOW, Ocala, Fla. January 16 thru 20 SOUTHWEST EXPOSITION AND FAT STOCK SHOW, Fort Worth, Texas January 27 thru February 5 HOUSTON FAT STOCK SHOW & LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION February 1 thru 12 SAN ANTONIO LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION February 17 thru 26 LSU LIVESTOCK SHOW -1 aAMERICAN BRAHMAN BREEDERS ASSOCIATION 2711 SOUTH MAIN 0 HOUSTON 2, TEXAS *lor J(tflfl(iry 1950 Second Section-il P H O N E 3 2 -R A N C H T E N March 4 thru 15 Second Section-11 /Or Januory, 19,50

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similar to that of the Quakers, wanted thrifty, hardy cattle to establish coloities in the wilderness. Tie Shaker settlement was at its height at that time. It eventually died out, I believe, because the Shakers folowe d the celitate life. Apparently their Brahmiait Cattle died out. too. but not Jor thesamie reason. We are told that )Dr. Davis retained soie iof the off spring of the original importation and that traces of thiem mnay be found itaiNy \cars later. Possible the occasional animal that we see with the reversecurvNe, Mysir-type of horns reteistd thet front this original importation. Dr. aois oas a handsotte ian. six ieet three inches tall. Ile lost his tte;tltht and one (ye ditile ithoas in Tukey, whicth fortcetd hint to t et titi to this cottitrx .Ile the cetoecterN (of tltAiiotili1 N.lettt(IiLt cattle tront Itndia, t)tit lie broutit ill 1%.ater Inlhuoat att Ir 'wt hulflo nd agol goas. ecatuse [of lisi interest in goats he thas given the nickname of CtoaLt Davis. lie helped organize the AgliCctitttal So'iiety of South Carolina and w as its first secretary. The Davis house, a ty pical Southern Colonial ]ionie, is still stantdimg. Alt lhoigh0 it deteriorated for some years, it is 'ioo owtned by the Robinson fatuily of Montitello and is maintained in good repair. As we talk about India's Gift to America, let ts examine what is itivolved in this gift. What have we received? Let LIs look a gift bull itt the Mouth. What are the charactiristics of the cattle front India? Let 'se cite briefly tie points titat are comtiion to all cattle from India. Tie IMtip is the first and most striking poit to Ltid the eye. It serves as a Store house of energy and metabolic water for times of feed shortage and drought. 2. The IUmtip is sloping, probably because Indian breeders never discritninate against the steep asgle. Until very recent years section, if any, was primarily for draft qualities. 3. Wihen viewed from the rear, many cattle from India have much narrower bodies than breeds originating in Europe-They do not have protuding hiips, even when in poor condition. 4. Longer Legs are partly the result of selection for draft. ,r. The Loose Skin provides much greater radiation surface to rid the body of excess heat during hot weather. The arteries carry the heated bIood to fte surface of the pendulous skin and the veins carry the cooled blood back to the interior of the body. Certain distinctive car t* pes may be noted. the most striking of which are the long, trooping ears of some Indian breeds. There are iian"v horn types, some of which are decidedly exotic from our viewpoint, such as the Mysore-type horns already mentioned with reference to the first itiportation. They have fine, dense, short, glossy hair that is usually sleeked down and permits maximum heat loss front the body, it reflects the sunlight so less heat is absorbed. The prevailing Gray Color of the hair does not absorb heat as readily as darker Colors. It shoUld be noted, however, that Ait cuIhu sias Iit P owd iltended Mc egistired Bahman f t t tion i it d it( (Ionectioi wih Ihe //o,/Bratltan Cfntettial at Chorlesoti, S. C. This Picture, taken (it the Fair Grounds. shows two Dirrance Ronch stiers wii'ith were exhibited prior to Ie sale. sotme of tie best production typ s of fitdia cattle tomte froii the red colored breeds. The skin is usualis Blatk or Dark colored, although ihiete are white spots in several breeds. 'ties white Spots may be oi any part of the iody, the tail switch or tihe nose. T his tirk skin does not sunburn. Sweat Glan s give greater heat resistance. A toligh Ii is resistantt to insects or illjury. it is of interest that Indian cattle have a diffeirtit voir-l 'fholi lr irtt. They to not give a prolonged to%% 01 bellow. A Sensiive Disp)osiion ili these cattle requires understanding and different handling. Nervousness is most pronounced in Kart-7 krej cattle, that have contributed iuch to Brainan type in the Western Hlemnisplhere. Braoman Bulls tend to be gentler than cows-a situation quite different than in other breeds of cattle, particularly dairy cattle. These cattle are intelligent. The bulls are good breeders. They are long-lived. The Cows make Good Mothers. Speaking of the intelligence of cattle, a friend from India, who is a mathematician, insists that Indian cattle know geometry. He says that a cow always knows that the Hypotenuse is shorter than the sui of the two sides of a square. (Perhaps ste should adiit that this knowledge is possessed also by other cattle.) Ily brid vigor is obtained at a maximum for cattle when the subspecies Bets indicus is crossed with the Bos taurus. x x x Brahians cats be profitably introduced into twto types of regions: t. Into regions where no other type of cattle worthy of the name catl exist. a. Into regions where they are not absolutely necessary, where other breeds will survive and apparently do fairly well, but where Brahmnan introduction will add to the efficiency of beef production. x x x Althloigh many improvements in health, feetd. and mtanagemtent of cattle helped make Florida a more profitable cattle country, Brahian cattle have been the greatest single contribution. x x x It the current number of' Life magazine is a story about growing Igertt-free animals. It is anticipated that suh anitmuals will lose liich of their resistance to bacteria. T he opposite is rtit in India and has been tile for centuries. To produce animals resistait to disea se and resistant to parasites, it is necessaivy for them to grow in intimate contact w5ith these dangers. T hey are all present in India. In -North India the temiJierature exceeds I Ito .for days and nights onl enld. The ]hot wvind, the "too", blows for weeks. Itt South India thtte oppressive himid heat continues for much of the sear. Rains aire irregular. Droughts are frequent. and atitis I tis. Caotio e seldom receive gIrain except milking cows or working oxen -and maiti of them (to not. The coarsest of roughage must be the only feed much of the year. That is the heritage of India. This the heritage that was given us-we 'can't bin it'. That is what these cattle have survived for generations. It is this kind of natural selection that we inherit. This is "Indias Gift to Anerica"-America-a land of plenty. x x x Certain animals in the breed are generallv accepted as descending entirely from Bt Indicus animals ott both tie male and femsale side. x x x Such animals today, how ever, are most valuable because they are of good type and have a conforiation that is desirable, 'ot necessfril /'t because they are too', "fil blood". x x x Brahman Breeders are altogether too sewsitive about what they call ,cold" blood, i. e. non-Braitan breeding. This is cvidened hy a tendency to cull anitials having short cars or a while spot on the nose, een when they are of excellent beef type. Stch a practice is wrong ott two counts: I. Cattle in India have short ears and have white spots on the nose, switch or any part of the body. It need not be an indication of "colt" blood. a. If a few insignificant characters from the fraction of non-Braiman ancestry lid como through, they are not important enough to cull gool animals. One not12-Second Section The Florida Cattleinali

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Bralimlan or foundation cOW five or six generations back in the lower right-hand corner of the pedigree cannot have great infi lence. We should not lose our sense of proportion. rlieedintg cannot be so mivsterions that .or less of an antnial's ancestry slttlld dis(ltalify it. Actually there is no stUCh thing as JuritV of breeding if \oil go back far enough in anyl pedigree. Purity )Il breeding call only be stated as a fact hen yoi also designate the number of geneations that there was pitre breeding. I have mentioned sotte of the fine types that Iase bceen imported from Soth America to iprove Otir cattle in the United States. I lyc\ have been a great contributions. Nevertheless, we shotild rcalize that all countries in the Western Hemisphere, ishich haxe imported cattle fromt India, have been in sottcwtat the same situiation. Some tttay have imported ttore fetmiales than others, but ione have been able to imttport enough costs so that all offspring of the bulls are of ptre Indian breeding. The Triangular Breed Record Association of Brazil isas founded tmtany sears after the imiportations. Breeding hali been carried otn before. x x x Its India, I believe it is possible to find animals having certain specific characters that are superior. If it is ever possible to import animals agaitt-wviti all of tite health precautions necessary, of coturse-I attt certain that mtan %aluable cotstribttions to American Brahian an ie found in India. It is ticcessary to remtettber that in India Cattle have not been selected for beef type. The combinations of beef characters int present t ralian cattle in this country camte in large measure frot India. There are More there. x x x The only reason that I cats see to bring in niews cattle is to bring in ainals having better conforttatiolt in one or tmore respects lint having those qualities necessary to isithstand a difficttlt cttvirottttment. Fetmtales isill assist it, making the importation more effective-spread its inflttetce over a larger period. Whlcn attitttals are graded up to )o9% or mIore Brahmttan, thcy are as good as loo/(,4. Their value depends on their type and their ability to prOdUce and reproduce tinder the conditions its hIiich tietsust live. x x x Finally, I look forward to the timic Iwhen we can give hack a shipnett of Bos indicus cattle, greatly improved by scientific breeding, to help to produce more food for India's mlillions. Anthony Has Nebraskan A NEIIRASKA YOUNGSTER who described himself as a "fttture Brahman cattle breeder" when lie wrote the Norris Cattle Company back itn 1947 is now not 011y tle youngest Brahman breeder ill, Nebraska but is spending a few weeks (aI \Ittl isy Vy ruts learning first-hIand aboti: ]lot others do it.n Gene Kraner of Sutherland, Nebr., is the youttngster, and lie's staving with -m m l atk, assistant hierlsnsant, at Anthoiny Farmis. He and his father botgit their first Brahmans in October, i9.18. Ribbon Winners. 0 0 Pictured above are three ribbon winners in our current show string. They include-from left to rightQueen Rue lmperator-(Second Place at Kissimmee and at Webster), Miss Aristo lmperator-(First Place at Kissimmee and at Webster) and Florida King Imperator-(First Place at Kissimmee, Third at Webster). For Sale at Ocala 0 0 0 0 0 0 Pictured above is tatr offering itt tile Ocala Sale, Sir A isto I nImperator, ). H. 803, third place rion winner at Kissiitec and a half-brother of Aliss Aristo Impertor showi in top picture. He is a good individual xith a gentle nature that makes his goodness usable any way you want to rse it. W. H. STUART Telephone 549 BARTOW, FLA. Second Section-13 for Jkiluary, 1950

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We Are Buying at 25c per pound 1948-49 pure white Brahman grade heifer calves. Cannot use gray or brown colors. We Have For Sale some seven-eighths grade Brahman bulls for cross-breeding that are extra nice. ORANGE STATE STOCK FARM Between Plymouth & Zeliwood, Fla. on US highway 441 FOR SALE Better Beef Type BRAHMANS o Mature Cows Proven Bulls Calves RUSSELL FARMER, Secretary P. 0. Box 187 WAUCHULA, FLA. Modern Irrigastio r For Improved Pastures 1*11 THE RACEBILT RIPPEY RAINGUN Now, Racebilt offers cattlemen a complete irrigrtion system, scientifically engineced as a package it .With the RaceiIt Rippecy Raingun, you can easy irrigate 12 acres of improved pasture land in one night with one man! In many instriucts, Racbilt systems have tripled tile iiprolved pasture grass production after being used only 90 days! These systems can also le used for pasture fertilization at the same time you irrigate. ite today for litecat"ore and free planning service. It's yours for the asking *UBEEF IIDUSTIRY,450 Years Old, Can Further Advance Thru Blrahman Influence Why should ice assume ti hat improcemeit of Americai i beef is fin ished, Gail Wlitconub asks Ceuuitteiiiai listeners '"1 8, .1a "ehrri" "alt/i' "en "id 't "i "'lize "tht ""ai i m a ts" 'o I/i"fly beef animals was having its beginning i i Charleston, S. C.No onut w'ho has studied the e'voltttion of today"'s beef animals fonm the inittainly base stork of bovine, (-an hare te'ason to believe that the transformation process is nozwt finished. This article is a 001denlsation of the talk given by a past president of the Ameican Brhahman Breeden' JIssoiiation, at /sie ricitn Brahiani Centennial in Cha(rheston. by GAIL WI llt Olit .1 ieeie(In Bra-hm nt1 vreris' ssn, EVERY AMERICAN Cill IeIri a parti Clladr pride it the liNVes tok indlistry which has been devetloped on this Colitillent. Four hundred and lilty years ago, wheli the first white tmaI set foot oil the North American COni-tilntit, he found not one cow 1or calf. No trace lts been lound of tile eXistenC te Of atny tyi'pe of cattle native to A\merita. The bison was titt oly biovitte creature ildigeltois to this Coitinent. Today, millions of, htead Of excelle-t beet and dairy anittmls )(tilt Our vast ranges. Te ee ittlstry iin Amterina lhas grow it 1t) be one of thei most imortIlat elI emtetS of our c"n""""-. The meli a Aricuiturist himSelf built this preat industry. Follovinog the first itmportations of Siplish tattle, tame later importation oft British cattle. The first shipment to New Engiand occurred about 1624 froi D evonsire by Governor Edward Wius. low. Then followed other importations of what we termt tie British breeds ontil this land was tpuickened with grazing herds. Large open ranges were in order, where tattle roianetd at will and thrived Or died atfcordin g to their ability to whistle and to adJust titeniselves to Covironmiental conditions. Grass was free, 7oSome of the world's Brahlman experts gathered at Ihe Brahman Centennial in Charleston last September. Left to right, Dr. 0. B. Kelker of India, Dr. Sam; Higginbottoml of Babson Park, former agricultural missionary to India, Dr. Burch H1. Schneider of the University of West Virginia and Dr. N. R. Yoshi of India look at Higginbotton's book about Indian agriculture. The Florida Cattleniall 1.4-Second Section

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The Title of This Little Story is "DID YOU HEAR WHAT HAPPENED AT THE STATE FAIR OF TEXAS" OR "MIND IF WE BRAG A LITTLE" Yes sit-, the competition was rough at the 1949 State Fair of Texas Brahman Show. But we were all right proud of the JDH showlierd. Here's what it (lid: ENTERED 16 CLASSES .Took FIRST in 12 classes .Took second in 2 classes .Took third in 2 classes PLUS The Grand Champion Bull PLUS The Coveted "Get of Sire" Award JDH Rex A Manso. Champion Brahman Bull State Fair of Texas, 1949 SURE WE'RE PROUD. Who wouldn't be? But what tickled us most was the way other folks "went to town" with our MANSO breeding. Like Glenn Faver's Grand Champion female, Burke Bros.' Reserve Champion, and Louisiana State University's Reserve Champion bUll. ..all sired by bulls BRED BY US ON OUR RANCH. It just goes to show you what GOOD BREEDING in GOOD HANDS will (to. WHY POSTPONE THE INEVITABLE? Get on the Manso Band Wagon Now! A CHOICE SELECTION OF BULL AND HEIFER CALVES AVAILABLE J. D. HUDGINS "Beef-Type Brahnans" HUNGERFORD. (Wharton County) 'IEXAS far January, 1950 Second Section--15

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FLORIDA'S Old in e MARKETS thank you for your patronage during 1949 and invite your continued support in 1950. At Gainesville and Kissimmee, Florida cattlemen have markets the buyers know and patronize. Facilities and bookkeeping procedures have been developed through the years to provide both buyers and sellers with the best possible service. You can be sure of a square deal and prompt payment when you market at Kissimmee or at Gainesville. If you don't receive our weekly market reports, write today. We will gladly put you on our list to receive either or both reports, as you prefer. Established 1939 0 Sales Every Wednesday K IS S IM M E E Livestock Auction Market Established 1935 9 Auctions Every Monday GAINESVILLE Livestock Auction Market lush and plentiful. The big, aged steer became the meat product. The native grasses were overgrazed, ranges were depleted because always new country lav beyond. One hundred years ago in 1849, the cattlemen of America did not realize that a startling answer to thrifty beef animals was that year having its beginning in Charleston, South Carolina. One hundred years ago, Doctor James Bolton Davis made the first importation of Brahman or Bos Indicns cattle to this Continent. The Brahman had come to America and its landing was at Charleston, South Carolina. While Brahman history in America actually dates from Charleston, South Caro"inaa years ago, the substantial growth of the breed dates hack, howev-et, not more than 1o to 5o years. See, then, what tremendous advances have been '"ade hy tie American Agriculturist in those few short years. Visualize, if you will, what significant results can and must be anticipated in the future through tire proper utilization of the breed in beef production. The Brahman is the oldest of the breeds of cattle, vet its history as a beef animal is limited to Brazil and America. The Brahman came to America in his native state. The American Agriculturist realized that this bovine possibly could answer mayv of his problems of tough, less desirable ranges and of disease and insect infestations; he also soon realized that this anirnal had the possibility of furnishing him the means of a fast growing beef animal. H-e seized upon the B'rahman and through intelligent application of the laws of genetics and good ainial husbandry, he has made of the Bos Indicus animal the greatest instrumentality for beef production that has ever yet been developed in any land. Tile Brahman function in this great scheme of beef production is not one essentially of replacement-but one of augmentation, one of supplementation; a reagent, if you will, to make tlae best do muci better. The British breeds have been in process of development for beef production for urntol generations. All of tire present day cattle, excepting only the Brahman are said to be derived from the Uros and Celtic Shorthorn animals. At the beginning of the domestication of these breeds, there was no shortening of legs, no compactness of body, no fleshing quality, no even distribution of flesh over the carcass. Good breeding technique has developed these qualities. Look, then, at what we call our best beef cattle of today. We see they arc beefy creatures created by careful selection, transformed from the ungainly base stock of bovine into magnificent animals, The Florida Cattleman 16-Second Section

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anti deeliped int him tiigiy pr1otdutive heef units. Amy thinking mlan wout have io Ieasoil to it ieve th e i' traisformation process is finisied, that. the ultimate hI s becin reached. Rather, 1rec we oilly tart d otI the iiit h. With tie su~ccss woe Me seeing with hy'bridizatiol ill miaiiy breedil programs, we (all eail frca;It lmh ,,rc;1(cr developmlenits in bef prmhdu tionl thrlolugh a proper tutiliation th iti Ifndks miuis and Bos TitURIs spc i ls. Ito c.neniplate otherwi otiold bi 1n tutu out balks on all thc stit es do men -torkimg il ilte field Of ener tis tis it iteits to al grols w ig thiegs;it-to tUrA (Iir it balks on thle dsii Opmenti that has been sn ill tte produclionl of hy-brid mill. tile. sngarCane.olts poti ry, I Iogs:-to turn ourtt fat ks o the pihom al Stie t ess of the Kt.ringit Randh ill presenting the Sota Geruth is rtted:-ito forget tie Beefitaster, the Braford, tile Brallgis, and tile Chiarbrny. Tishe Brahimitm i nAeiraica, hb reason of his qualities of sturdiness and adaptabilitt. is being developed into a spectoAlar bIte iahine. Through the application of good breeding practices, lie is being molded into a classic beef anlimal stoliat tais all those excellent inherent IIalitis of tile i rd thrifty Bos Indhi-gitit t is l~ kt .It c ti Iite cus breed to which is added the ability to fICSh--to pr1odu1ce tile r-ight beef IL hie righlt time. A\I this point, I a ] renided of a qotastiOn irol i Emerson o[h English livestotk tharateristics. he sd, i speakinti Of te liglish livestock industry: iThe native cattle arl extihCt, LIt rth Ilnd is fill] oI artificial breds. Thle Aiuitilturisti Bakewell .(reateI sheep tod I and horses to order and Ireds it, which exvrthling' was omlitted but what was coomiial t'hn cow is sacrifit itt to itsr bawIo. thie ox to his sirloie." And f will tItr atalt pilyt idd thnay we ill Aierit a ale sarificig the tct Indiat Brathall to ie p-rodietion, and this sacrifice to beef prtou(inctiot is, I aim afraid, at thle "onstCrnIationl 0I someR Indianl CAtle enithulsiasts whIO apparently have failed to rea Iiwe tha all presii et cda1 bee I Rlnimlals hlave becen I reatLed b' carefullyl breed inIg processes-j Lst as is occurring I the Brahmanl indulIstry todlay. Y~et, to those whoj~ areo sinicerely jinterested ill the ecollomlical production of meiat, this IrOtess is of extreme interest. The Brahlmanl ill Anterita is not only increasing') beel pr)Ioduc(tion throllgh e terosis r hybrid igor:-tic is fast beting a hleef atin'imtal wihin himself! ITis is a pserlfctly natural genetic tesUilt whii shouildi I c indcrstood and adlered to, tnot misjudged and condemned. T1 e AtIeriaii lit-ccitthas utevcr been satisedc( to merely take a good animal and keep hit goor(. He will take a good corn atd make )I' it a better corn, will take a reJ tacl Igreed'tn q -featuring Imperator blood ttrougi Commander Van Dorn-is earnng recognition more and more for its general excellence. Prestado Jr. 3rd (156-416.16) our junior herd sire, illustrated, above. is by Prestado (195/4-18062) as is the leifer below, Miss Prestado 9th. AT OCALA we will offer Miss Prestado 9th (290-app. for) a March. 1949 heifer, and Prestado Jr. 5th (165-41619), a coiniog-two-year-old bull. Strong in 1Imperator a(td Manso breeding, both of these individuals will warrant your Careful inspection. THE2 4 a l COMPANY ST. CLOUD (Ranch at Kissimmee Park) FLORIDA for January, 1950 Second Sectioll-17

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L 4 yr I I -J -' j,,,1 ca '' Dunrrac' Ran(h is getting sonic xepional calves from its S 10 si-e, King Grey, ais this picture of a heifer calf by the famous bull shows. (Photo by Gardner.) "0od aninial and make it a better animal. The Brahman has met with enthusiastic letception because our a griculturists are progressive. Tlhe opportulitv to build a better btef animal has bCen an inviting challenge to him. This opportnity has enlisted the aid of active m(en in alI walks of life. The Brahman, industryv is fortunate in having been able to engage the enthusiastic interest of mne1 from manyiv fields of endeavor. This has permitted a tempo ill Braliman deNelopimin that has never been experienced in ilit' development of any other breed. The speed of this progress, of Course, has resulted in many animals being left by the wayside. That is a peretdLV natural result, and does case s0omle innediate toltusion, but the element of time will correct these things ani the excellecl(yv of the result obtained will prevail and offset this inconvenience. The Brahman (alne into prominence in this country at about the time ranges were getting poorer. iHe was utilized because his eiviromliental history was such that lie had an inherent ability to hustle, to withstand disease, to survive. He could follow in on these poorer ranges ;imd do a good job. Some breeders saw in himl other qualities of beef and through selection and intelligent exercise of scientific breeding practices, they developed a great beef aniinal. Some, then, L tIought of the Brallman as a magic 18-Second Section Ii-ilal. There is no iagic animal. A Brahmiall will do well oii poor onditions, yes. but ie t does better under better conditions. Improved soil and improved graziig conditions are as im portant to a proper unctioning of the Brahnm industry in America as any other one thing. Those who think they tiln neglect and abuse their soil and continue their beef prodUCtioin through tIhe excellency of Brallinaii ability to survive are fooling themselves. Fugle Sells Three Animals for $2850 BRAIPMAN CATTitE RAISING is a paying business for L. E. Fugle, former DeLand may or and vice president of the Southeastern Brahman Breeders Association. ccordiig to newspaper reports. Fgile sold three animals for a total of S283o, including Taxpayer, bought by William Candler of Kissimmee at the Ocala Brahman Sale for S9,5o, Miss Rex Manso bought by Norris Cattle Conpany of Ocala for Sl500, and D. C. ad, sold to a Lakeland man for $5oo. Other sales have been made to Oklahoma, North Carolina and Georgia. JACKSON COUNTY cattlemen heard Dr. Oliver F. Goen of Gainesville, extension animal husbandman. speak at a meeting near Marianna recently. is The Florida Cattleman 14 y a d HOUSTON Show-Sale In February Brahnua judgein Feb. 9-10, sale Feb. 10. in Texas city \oR en xlittl \i loxt.y Ilnd imore (attle than11 1rT ShIGwV ill ;M\y other Brahmian showm in. AmiTCt. MVe anlticipated at the jo5-io Houston Fat Sitok Show ;in( Iive.sto k Expoi5tiion whii will be hled(1 FbryIiii\ i-i2 in the Texas city. In addition a BrAhiall sale will be held whith aiiomalyi rinis netk and neck ,%itl l'lorida's Otala sale in prices paid ond quality ol animals consigned. Brahniais will be oii display for one week beg inniniig Februirv 6 and ending February 12, with judging scheidtiled on Februirv o aiti to beginning at 7:00 a. tii. d eiding at i:no p. mx. daily. Ile annual sale is stIieduled for FebItarV it0 at 2:001 p. m. Of course Brahinais aren't tile only aninmls shoivn at Houston. The Fat Stotk Show itself is a verv large event, and in addition Aberdeen-Angus, Hereford. Shorthorn, JerseV a iid Guernsev (attIt Will be shown. plus fat latmbs, fat (hitkens. fat swilne, lit turkeys, breeding sheep, poultry and rabbits. \Vhile no Florida atinials have ever been shown at Houston, there is no reason why theyshouldn't be, as the show is at open event. It is considered the Most impOrtLant shoW ill the Texasimllisiana area as the Ocala event is iOnsidtreI ili the Southeast. Prices start at S.1'. for first Sgo for setCOI, S2t for third, Si for fourth and S to for fifth through tentli places. That ailotits to Si7() per tass, an there are eight classes foindividual bulls, a simiar numbe lotfemales and six group passes, in addition t grand and reserve champion ialt and female classes. iast year's sale aeraged S72).69 oil 412 iead, with top-selling animal briinging Pecan Acres Sale Set ANoTlER RECORD-BREAKING Petall Acres sale is in prOspett at Sinionton, Tex., FelirUary 11, if Owner Vernon Frost is alny prOiitt. 'he Texan reports that lIe 1950 offering will be cven better from that sold for ali aVerage of 5 1191 last -ear.

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Remember the fine bull, Emperor's MM 788, which N ow It's H eifers ...was twicee a grand champion last year? Well, this year we are also showing three young heifers at the Ocala Brahman Show January 17-20. Pictured above, they are, left to right, Miss Murphy Trillando Manso 10th, Miss Lady M. Emperor 8th, and Murphy's Trillando Manso 4th. We believe they'll be even better at show time than they appear above. Write or Wire Us For Information 0 Selling at Ocala! Lady ImJralor 7th, sired bv [imi pcialmi of Florida, is our Consign nmCeIt to the registered Brahman sale at Ocala. Called Fehruary 10, 119, we invite youto sec her, also, at Ocala. -v N PA FtKFL0 -I Twice a Reserve Champion Riley's Imparistre-the voting bull photographed (right) at the Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show-has now been reserve champion at two major Brahmnan shows, dllplicating at Kissimmee the honor lie first won at the Ocala Brahnian Show last vear. Other prizes won by our stock at the Kissimmee show included: Princess Poncianto and Miss Emperor Nita Manso. first; Ponciano Jr. 17,. second; and Mhiss Nita Alanso, third. We invite you to inspect these cattle at the Ocala Brahiman Show January 17-20--or at the ranch at any Iimne. You're always welco-7e. Mrs. Pat Johnston & Son BAR SEVEN RANCH Phone 2871 KISSIMMEE, FLA. for Januaary, 1950 Second Section-19

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RESEARCH Aids Disease Prevention Safety and potency of remedies also important 1Re/scarch inito dissee of animals. aid progrs-su ill iini w iicU vins an d potenCy of >liriniiicuti f irpodlot.s., /iic 5iiatlV inwrased Mre valuw oj vzwerinary frealment to I l ai!lemn. A Jedi/erc Laborato i s iscarch m n delivered an address. p ri IrI in (ndeni -sed toriii below, during /I?( 1 mc)iaon Briiman Crii eninial, al Charlestin. S. C. bV J. 1). LE AXuNxG. V.M.D. As PRoDucEts of a portion of the basic food eCessary for humanii existence. cattlemen are all important atit integral part of the AmeriCan eco;InI1y. Tle purpose of lia1.11v other industrial efforts is to aid you and others to maintain tile high livilngstandards we have collie to Crln-sider our right to etjoy. We have arranged mir lives to include depilence On t!ie products which yOu are responsible( for prodllin-eat, and m ieat prxlducts. Your gmal is production of (he best possible product at the lowest possible c ost. It is your responsibility a Iid titresponisibility of goverIelilt agell-cits. lalnufacturers Of pharlaceutical al biological products, privately enidowed and public and industrial researti ilstitutionis to aid you ili anyX way to reach your goal. Prevention of tlisease is a first step to accomplish this end, anltd is tilhideal of It-licilie. The niecessitsfor tretatll(,tit i s a tacit admissions of our failure to ieet this ideal. Very little effort has been Imade to impress tile people ol-cerned with anillIal husbandry withl tile important implications of these statements. Veterinarians and ()liters onc-rned with the prevention of animal diseases are Ilaking Cverv effort to atqiUaint the livestock prOduc-r with the great economic losses whici result frot tilcontrolled disease. Preventive medicineincludes not oil V the use of biological alid pharmaceutical agetits, but knowledge of and obedience to the regulations regarding isolation of animals harboring i ransmissible infectious disease, and the application of sound mnanagement practices, in-cluding good ruittlrition and sanitation. lice magnitude of the task of supply, iss B rahmI In Cen i ii ei ial was Iiss aaci New n who is >ictrd ()aove at her coronation with members of her courn. Miss Newton is from Charleston where the first 1Biniiman clt l1? lcd ill Ain mcrico in 18 4. ilig the needs of our ever increasillg popullatioll is apparclit. Our newer knowledge Of dis-ase prevel-tion must parallel and. if possible, precede the demand for more food. Forcing animals to produ c is not oly ltinatural but o(CaSionally, ecoloicially unsound i) file Iomg run, anld may increased the jl inIcinC Of disease. Prevelltillg losses of livestock due to disease increases prodcltio and holds as great importance as genetic imlprovemii ent. Commercial producers of biological mid pharmaceutical products are making ecry effort not only to coI ,ply with. but exceed, the legal requirements Of sa letyv anid potency. They are cognizant of the need for reduced prodUCt Cost to tile onsumIer and are in troducil comibiled vaCcines and acterins. Imtmunization with a bacterin contalning more thaii oilC antiogei affords as effective protection against each disease component as illinilllzatioln with separately injected single antigens. The contbination permits savings in both labor and proxduct cost. Several m111billed V eteriIlary biologicals are now available and more are being onsidered for marketing in the near future. These are but a few Of tite :ldvallces which call Ie hoted ill the field of preCeltivC veterinary tnediciIte todav. ThIie first p li shi]ed report in ti IC U. S. A. oin the therapeutic use of sulfontamides in veterinary medicine appeared in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Associatioln in 1937. A preliminary report was presented Iy J. A. Allot concerning the eflectiveCess of sulfanilamide ill the treatment of Iiastitis ili cattle. Since that time, there have been hundreds of reports publisleI coverilng tile use of sulfanilamide, sulfipyridinc, sulfathiazole. sulfa-guaiddine, sulfadiazili, sillfaltcrazinle, sulfaquinloxlille. alld sulfalmietIaiilte in tie treatmilent of bacterial diseases Of allimals. il general, tite rcommendation-s for sulfomlaide therapy are as follows: First, one should be sure lie is treatitng alni aCutc bacterial disease. Then, adequate dosage should be given, preferably iltravenously, to assure effective concetratioll of the drug at tile site of ill-fecI iol immediately. Maintenance (loses should be given to assure effective concentrations of drug at title site of ittfect i l 1ii it is overcome, ind may be given orally or bv any other acceptable roulte. The dosage should not be gouessed at; obviously, too 1much call le given. "The therapeutic or treatment hazard should not exceed tIl( disease hazard." Caution shOlld be SCd Whell treatitntga a1 dehydrated aiinimal. The water intake should be aiqIUate. W\atcr should be forced, if necessary. duriitg the treatment period. The teril ntibiotic, as used in mediine today, Iealls a substance produced byliving organisms (ba eria, molds, fungi, etc.) that has all itilibitiltg effect Ol the life processes of( other ba teria. The beneficial effect ascribed to tiIe Ise of an antibiotic in tihe treatmenlt of disease is ac tmplislled tithcr by bacteriostatic-stopping growtI-or bactericidal-killiing-activity. It would be in order at this point to intelrjeCt a word of caution as to the side reactions accompanying the misuse of antibiotics and SUlfolialiides, and to 20-Second Section The Florida Cattleman

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EMPEROR P 806TH (806-43003) -upper left-a service-age son of Emperor (below) who is without doubt a very desirable herd bull prospect. MISS EMPEROR JR. 8TH 155TH (155/0-64935),-upper rightsecond-place senior heifer in the 1949 Ocala show, a granddaughter of Emperor and a daughter of ch. Emperor Jr. 8th. MISS EMPEROR S 255 (255/0-71381) a 1949 spring heifer calf, a daughter of Emperor out of a Florida-bred Manso cow. Pictured at left e these five spring 1949 sons of Emperor were weaned from their own mothers Sept. 20 the 1949 Kissimmee champion, Emperor Return Ist, a three-quarter son of Emperor Florida-bred-and-raised cows, like Emperor's Lady Resoto, are featured in the Partin herd bottom of panel is Emperor's Himalaya Manso, blue ribbon junior heifer at the 1949 Sumter breeder show at Webster. Ranch HENRY 0. PARTIN & SONS Phone 5603 KISSIMMEE,

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Slhown i above is liiertv Olieein. our grand chalipion feniale at t ie i8 Hailrdee county show. now in (te herd of the Range Cattle station al 01a. \e will have to hulls naiaIble for sale at the randi this spring and inquiries are invited. T)RANCH T. C. HART Phone 109-J WAUCHULA, FLORIDA FOR SALE TIERD OF 20 REGISTERED REGISTERED BROWN SWISS CATTLE BRAHMAN CATTLE For description and price, address GEO. A. CHAPMAN FERGUSON RANCH McBean, Georgia PARRISH. FLA. PURCELL'S We clothe the family .We furnish the home NOCONA AND JUSTIN LEVIS AND H BAR C BOOTS RANCHWEAR TEX-TAN RIDING PUREBRED BRAHMAN EQUIPMENT CATTLE REGISTERED PALOMINO HORSES Few Bulls For SaleCan Be Seen At The Ranch Contact the Orlando Store, 315 W. Church, for appointment Sanford ORLANDO 0 Haines City emptiasize the iii(cssity orireventiig the ablises of these clings ill the treatiiCeit of diSease. It has been Unideniably prove n by reliable invsestiitrs thtt re. sistant strains of disease-)rodlcing gallismls mlay recsuilt front miisuise of (certai of thest agents. Tley mtitist Ile uIsed in) prop~er dosage to illsuremaxi, m1111m effect wilth miinimumil toxicity ;it priop~er intervals to mlainltainl bacriostati( at tiVity for stifhic eilt tiiii to clininate the (disease. Veterinary literature today ontains little information regarding any new apiproach to the pies vention and treatint of It osis. Much research concerning the cause of helosis and rational meams of therapy. as well as steps to pretent its occurrence, is being carried out by many academic and industrial organi. nations. We know that this disease occurs most coiionly tell days to six weeks after calving, when. the stimulus for milk )roduiction is highest. The excessive demand ou energy sources, such as fat and carbohydrate reserves, results in rapid de)letion of these reserves, and weight loss usual Is 1tillows. Bloat may be tiolnte or chronit. Acute bloat na be used by choking oi turnips, beets or other obje ts whii nav lodge iin the eso)halgs. I miriors or large yuipli riodes pressing oin. tie esophagus iimay piredisp ose to chronic bloat. Bloatintg Cauisecd i)y the abnse irtentionecld Cflditions prevents the escape of gas b\ the norna1 route. which is acint plislhed 1by eructation or btIlding. Chronic bloat Itiay also accomtpanly diseases of the ni ervoiis system wiidh interfere with the nervous ticcliarisi that is necessary to produce ruittiriii arid eructatiot. Diseases of the lower ciigestive tracet, st as enteritis or pyloric stenosis, may interfere with rumination and eructation. Bloat does not necessarily arise frot art increase iii gas prodctitmtu but fromn inability to eliminate forired gas. These gases are lit-d iii the dorsal or to portion of the runmrernI. lIte Cscape valve. or cardiac s)iincter, as it is called, is located at a niuch lower level. Rurnination, or forestoriach movement, as well as openingof the sphincter, are necessary to p)ernit eructation and elimination of gas. Aids il tie prevention of bloat are as follows: Plant pastures of ntixed grasses rather than all legume pasture. Feed good quality roughage at all times, and Iartictilarly irl large aniounts before pastuiring on legume grass in the prebloorn stage. Avoid overfeeding of concentrates for long periods to the exclusion of siflicient roughage. Avoid feeding of tribers whichIi may 22-Second Section The Florida Cattleman

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allse choke. M1asltis, or iniflamumationl of tile mnamHlary gland. m1ayN Jrise front IIII%1ny mber (f caluses rallging iroIim trallla or injury of the 11d(der tisSIIe to illsi(liOuLs 1oCal illfection of' undetermined origiti. it is of marked importance, wherever possil)c, to determine tile rgVialisims respolIsilelc for infeC(tious mnastitis IyI bacteriological (exallination of tile llilk. I stress this phase of diagnosis bccausc, without this procedure, it is difficult to properly treat this disease. The orgaHisils Illvolved if infections Illas1itis Hlay be streptococci, -staphylococci, coliformn Organisills, or be members of the genus PseUdomonas. Infection caused by sone of these organisms can be successfully controlled with sulfonamides or ain t lWotics. In this field of therapy we have a good example of the devclOpment of resistant strains of organisms which normnally would yield to sulfonamide or antiIotic therapy. It is becoming more an(] more appareInt that soime strains of streptococci and staphylococci, which should be (ontrolled 1)y the proper use of sulfonamides or penicillin. have, due to improper use of these drugs, blecomie resistant to their action. In these Cases, infection remains in spite of' proper treatment after the resistant organism has lecone established. Research in the treatment of mastitis with Aureomycin shows very promising possibilities and indicates that this antibiotic may prove to be an excellent therapeutic agent. The bacterial spectrum which it covers, and the length of time it remains in the udder in greater than bacteriostatic concentrations, are advantages over some (If the presently employed agen ts. This leads to a very important closing topi. and one which I feel sure you will agree needs all our cooperation. There is the most urgent need for ac curlate and complete morbidity and Illortality statistics (If animal diseases i H tile Unlited States. We do not know ill what direction research should be directed to best aid in disease prevention n111(1 Ihe dIC(evelopilent of Hnew and more efla ieu t therapeutic agen ts, because w e have little accurate knowledge as to the retlativ-e im p)IrtaIIe of, disease conditions SaInill;is ill the IInited States. 'This can be accomplished onIlv b HIaIl aiIg IcCIIrate illfr~nation concerning the frequency of specific diseases, tile lnum1bers of sick anH iHmla1s and deaths ItIC toIsI1cc ific diseases. Then, and onlS tltlIl, Call We estimate the losses caused )Y ach disease entity! When this has IM, accomplished, we (an )so direct our efforts in research and control ineasures to cOme closer to the goal of disease eralication. AT THE PASCO FAIR we are showing First Love and several other registered Brahmans. Our herd is of Maroto breeding, exceptionally gentle and well conformed. See Us At Any Time HACKNEY SIMPSON ZEPHYRHILLS, FLORIDA yearlnqj -bulls and heifers and bull and heifer calves by Cooper and Beville B. Manso available at the ranch j/1 0 offering at Ocala the bull Circle H Silver Dutch, calved March 5, 1948. HERlJAN Bushnell, Fla. for January, 1950 Second Section-23 A

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Watch for this catalog in your mail. .ATTEND THE SHOW -JANUARY 17, 18, 19 Cattle will be received and inspected by 6 p. m. Tuesday, Jan. 17 0 Judging of all Junior Exhibits begins 9 am. Wednesday, Jan. 18, followed by Judging of Male Individual and Male Group classes a Judging of Female and other Group Classes begins 9:30 a. m. Thursday, Jan. 19 followed by Junor Judging Contests at noon, and the Annual Banquet at 7 p. m. .THEN BE SURE TO SEE THESE 39 REGISTERED 0 / BRAHMANS AT AUCTION 1 P.M., FRIDAY, JANUARY 20 Lot Name I1Miss Bess Jacob. 2 Madam Shaker 3 Lily Belle 4 Tippu's Princess No. 324. 5 B.D.'s 0ueen A 6 Miss Whitey 7 Princess Manso Cacique 41st. 8 Miss Emperor 8th 155th, 9 Red Dick's Arabella. 10 Red Dick's Joanne. 11 Cleopatra. 12 Princess Manso 39th. 13 Judy Canova 14 Miss Emperor S 255. 15 Lady Imperator 7th. 16 DR Lady Hopkins 1000). 17 Miss Lee. 18 Miss Prestaldo 9th. 19 DR Grey Mansita 93/1 20 DR Blue Mansita 97/1. 21 Tp 22 Arando. 23 Tippu Prince 200th. 24 Sir Hubert Arishopman 25 Dandelion's Duce. 26 Sir Aristo Imperator .. 27 Circle H Silver Dutch. 28 Red Dick's McArthur. 29 Tippu Prince 59th. 30 Phleugar H Manso 881. 31 Prestado Jr. 5th. 32 Emperor p 806th. 33 J.D.H. Secret de Manso 34 Baby Emperor 2nd. 35 Fryatt's Appling 220th. 36 Dandelion's King. 37 Emperor Manso 1st. 38 John Josh 6th. 39 DR Blue Manso 99/1. Calved .4-6-47. 11-8-47 11-27-47 2-21-48. 3-5-48 4-10-48, 1-15-48 2-9-48. .3-13-48. 3-26-48, 3-20-48 11-25-47 .1-12-49, 2-6-49 2-10-49 2-10-49, 3-20-49, 3-30-49, .5-6-49. 5-10-49 3-10-45. 11-29-46. 1-22-47. 3-10-47. 1-26-48. 2-17-48. .3-5-48 3-5-48. 3-15-48. 3-15-48. .5-16-48, 5-15-48, .9-1-48 12-12-48. .2-21-49. 49. 1-16-49. 4-14-49 3-9-49, Consignor P.H. No.-ABBA No. J. A. Barthle & Sons, Sen Antonio 6-55757 H. S. Hazen, Center Hill 15-59195 Dave Sloan, Mascotte 8-63420 L. S. Harris, Bartow 324-66314 Norris Cattle Company, Ocala 1/8-62719 Dave Sloan, Mascotte 6-64167 Russell Farmer, Wauchula. .41-60746 Henry 0. Partin & Sons, Kissimmee 155/0-64935 Norris Cattle Company, Ocala 60/8-62685 Norris Cattle Company, Ocala 54/8-62679 .G. Philip Higdon, Charleston, S. C. 14-66303 Russell Farmer, Wauchula .39-60745 .A. Y. Carlton, Sarasota .17-70342 Henry 0. Partin & Sons, Kissimmee 255/0-71381 Oakley Murphy, Avon Park. 20-70541 Durrance Ranch, Brighton. 1000-72736 .A. Y. Carlton, Sarasota. .18-70343 .The Whaley Co., Kissimmee Park 290-app for Durrance Ranch, Brighton. .93/1-72734 Durrance Ranch, Brighton. .,97/1-72735 L. S. Harris, Bartow 18-22689 Dave Sloan, Mascotte 3-34035 Eugene Griffin, Bartow.200Kenmore Ranch, Vero Beach 11-33490 Norris Cattle Company, Ocala 2/8-40861 W. H. Stuart, Bartow 803/43899 C. H. Beville, Bushnell 21-45197 Norris Cattle Company, Ocala 58/8-40915 Russell Farmer, Weuchula 59-47602 J. P. James, Bartow 881-41858 The Whaley Co., Kissimmee Park 165-41619 Henry 0. Partin & Sons, Kissimmee. 806-43003 Durrance Ranch, Brighton ..768/5-48152 J. A. Barthle & Sons, San Antonio 21-50291 L S. Harris, Bartow. 240Polk Brahman Farms, Winter Haven 178-app for H. S. Hazen, Center Hill. 37-50136 J. 0. Wolff & Sons, Okeechobee 6-48421 Durrance Ranch, Brighton. .99/1-50800 For Premium List, Catalogs, write R. G. "Bob" Herrmann, Secretary, Southeastern Brahman Breeders' Association, Box 1051, Ocala, Fla. 4k, ~4 G i ~ "4

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WHAT IS GENETICS'$ Kelley of Australia Touches on Important Subject in Paper Read at American Brahman Centennial Potentials are found in heredity; Environnient con trol ineproves selection of potentials; Methods of breeding to achieve these results are reviewed It didn't take Alendel and his theories of heredity to start controlled breeding of animals. Anid even the Russians, who deny meidel, follow the same breeding methods used in the W esterii countries. Natural siovival characteristi s, sic/h as fear and poor fleshig ability, can be modified by coustructive breeding. The author of the talk, read at the Arnericamii Brahman Centennial in Charleston last September, is a iioted scientist at the F. 1). McMaster's Field Station, Badgerv Creek, Australia. by R. B. KiLLEY IT SHOULD BE RESIEMBERED) that controlled breeding of animals was taking place many years before Gregor Mendel made his investigations. Furthermore, most breeds and strains of domestic animals were evolved in that early period and those having more recent origin have. for the greater part, been moulded and fashioned by using techniques which ante-dated tile MeNldelainl hypothesis. The fact is that, although the science of genetics has provided reasonable explanations for the efficacy of those techniques, it has given rise to few, if any, which are new. Indeed, in the U.S.S.R., where extensive and highly constructive aninial breeding is taking place, open belief in the Mendelian hypotheses, upon. which the science of genetics is based, is one of tile most speedy imethods of acquiring liIuidiation. Teic conception of progressively increasing coniplexity was Darwin's greatest contributions to Biolo gical Science. It was lie who advanced the hypothesis of natural selection. Broadly. the idea was that conditions of tile enlvironmnlitlit favoured the survival of certain types and eliminated others; those which survived reproduced and disclosed further variation. Again some weCre better and some were less well-adapted to critical environmental conditions and agai l. tinder natural selection, some forms survived while others died out. THirouighout millions of years these processes gave rise to species and varieties of animals until mian introduced selection for his own purposes and modified the animals so that they became more useful to himi. This hypothesis is still thoroughly acceptable. However, it gives rise to the problem of iSOIlating fidM 1eniita causes. Here Mendel's findings and the work WIchIl 11has )eeii done sillce thleilr pr)m111utlg'ation make the major contribution upon which the Science of Genetics is based. It is here also that the conceptions of Russian animal breeders arc unlike those of the Western Nations. It is enphlasized, however, that the major difference is in explanation. ']'e science of genetics huilds uponi the foundation of chemical units of inheritance carried upon structures within germ inal cells. An claborate series of nanes has beCn evolvedi to define the neciaiss by which variation is brought about ibut, fundamentalINy the (noieption is of threads which carry the units of' inheritance more or less like heads on a string. 1he beads are capable of subtle cheiiiical reactions, ithley are often in pairs and in a given situation occupy a definable position oil a particular thread. The heredity of the animal is restricted and depends pri. ilarily upon the nature of the beads and upon the re-arrangenents which take place when the units from male and female germinal cells fuse and assert themselves as may be, whollv controlled byw chance. Within pure lines the nature of the onits and the range of possibilities is fixed so that offspring are identical replicates of the parents. Ever so often, however. factors operate so that changes take place in the units of inheritance arnd, as a result, the offspring are unlike their parents. Ile differences may be sill or great. Any may he the beiinning of otlicr changes which may be cuml ii ltive so that eventualiv a Iw (Continied Ott page, l I-Sen(d S(ction) I f Orange State Stock Farms near Zellwood has purchased white, grade Brahman females from which it is culling and selecting what owner S. Al. Coen believes will be the basis for the best grade Brahman herd in Florida. Pictured above are some of these cows grazing on his sandland pastures in Orange County. 26-Second Section The Florida Cattleman

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OUR CONSIGNMENT AT OCALA LILY BELLE (pictured at left) was calved November 27, 1947. She is by Earl 535th out of Opal. The picture fails to do her justice. She is definitely superior. MISS WHITEY (pictured at right) is an April 10, 1948, calf sired by Moto Estrella and out of Comtansa 213th. Note the straight bone and superb body on this heifer. ARANDO (pictured in center) was calved November 29, 1946. Sired by Ano Manso Jr. out of Silver Streak, this bull is the best we have ever offered for sale. DAVE SLOAN, 1ASCOTTE, FLA. ee f or Qual4j Ralmani We have a variety of registered stock with excellent pedigrees available at reasonable prices. Service-age bulls, weanling bull calves, bred and open heifers, and heifer calves. For further information don't hesitate to contact us in person or by phone E. W. WILLIAMS Home Phone 726-R-2 0 Office Phone 359 BOX 686, PALATKA, FLORIDA fo ||IIr) 90ScndScin2 /or January, 1950 Second Section-27

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&/Alnq AT OCALA DR Lady Hopkins 1000th-Here is a beautiful red heifer who placed at the head of her class in the Kissimmee Valley show in November. She is daughter of Hopkins, whose daughter topped the first Arcadia sale and whose son now heads the Brahman breeding herd of Frank Scofield. DR Blue Mansita 98/1-This dark steel heifer (at left in picture above) combines Manso and Tippu breeding in a neat little package destined to (to well for somebody's breeding herd. DR Blue Manso 99/1-Shown in center above, this herd bull prospect combines the blood of Poonca Manso and Tippu, is an excellent eater, and readily makes friends with strangers. DR Grey Mansita 93/1-There is a place among the better brood matrons in any herd for this Manso-Tippu heifer, shown at right in the picture above. J D H Secrat de MansoThis bull is one of the last sons of Aristocrat Manso, one of the great herd sires of the breed who helped make Manso synonymous with beef type. le was calved September 1,18. anen Telephone Lake Placid 2541 BRIGHTON 50' Directory I I ,colnicing of 2I regitcred broad 111:1n w1" estAbli'lhed in, l9o with purchases ri Tex 1-1, otrlc % 'c ig. Appling, Jacccs and [ictcl brccdincg. iilood of M ilrt, H erIccIli,. I L coi i Cleo and Rcd I IIc c s well 'I omla I iIIIporIted rcd SAi al bulls, is foiund in 111 Vhel. SIIC, crV C h .Recd Raider (p11 7 -I1417 ic and Raiders ?,cd [0 (il 66). Rd held ill process of devlopcnct is more c oncel. trated il this breeding 1h ciiin yc heid in ex. i-tece toLaC. BROCK, IRNEST (Sec Iticr It Ranc Ic) BR( CKI INT ON. S. R., Sandies ille, Ga. *) BROWN AND 1 ACII, Webster, Ila., phone 21110, T. Noble Brown and R. .Mach, owier, Brosiw, manager. I I ciis herd was established in 194 andccl noi contains fit) fi'males of breeding age cscended from stock purchased from S. A. V[ilbeck, Raleigh Sanborn and J. 1). Hudgin, Sires cre 3/cdc E/Irella (2279) and Brown a MahI Cccccmmccler (28519), both bred ic lUdgins, () BROWN, T. NOBLE (See Browcn cnd Mach) CALOOSA RANCli (Sei Fank IV. and Hlelee Williaonlc ) CAMP RANCH, Inc., Ocala CANDLER, WILLIAM (See Edgeciatei Esiate, Inc.) CARLTON, A. Y., RFD 2, SarASOta, Fla. (*) CARLTON, )Ir. L. F., Citiens Building, Tampa, Flr, (1) CATE, P. M., JR. (See V-W Ranch) CHAIRES RANCH, Bradenton, Fla., ranch located nine miles cast on Arcadia highway, phones 25-343 and 28-191, T. P. Chaires, Jr., owner, This herd consists of 16 females of breeding age and waic started in 1944. Manso, Martin, Hopkins, Silver King, Maroto, Aristocrata, Dutch, Heroic, Red Imes, Mogul, Jerenias, Santinho, SupiMpa. Imperator, and other imported lines are represented in the pedigrees. Sires are Ern)eror jr. 10th (466-21366) and King Gradan (60-8716). () CHAIRES, T. P., Jr. (See Chaires Ranch) CHAMPION, NV. C AND SON (See WC Ranch) CHAPMAN, GEORGE A., %lBean, Ga. (*) CIIAPMAN, t. S., Kissinunce, Fla. (') CHINSEGUT HILL SANCTUARY, Brooksville, Fla., located cl mics north oi U. S. Higiviay -1i, phone 151-J, U. S. Dtpaiticent of Agriculctcrc, owner, William Jackson, manager. This erd consists of 17 ri-gistered Bralinans of Mariso breeding bough from j. 1). iludgins. Siris arc J)I hcice c/ Ma.c (590/5-42256) and 1111 Aflov, de 1sco (482/5-42255). CIRCILE L RANCII, Box -65, Starke, Fla., randi cattl two iiles south, pho e !i4, Maurice Ecdwards, Jr., owner, thicis fierd wis established in 1949 ad tontains 15 cegistered females of breeding age featuring Nfacnso, Dutch, Martin, and Macoto breeding. Sire is Sir feroco 42d, bred by J. 1). Hudgins. CIRCL. It RANCII, Bushnell, Fla., rachic lcccatCd four miles north ont U. S. 301, Herman Beilie, owner. This erd was begun ii 1945 and no' consists of 6;5 females (if breeding age featuring Aristocrata, Heroic, Maroto, Santinho, Martic, Rodrigo, Estrella, Aicorim, Red lies, Jeremnic, QUiicca, nan, Hopkins, Suva, Iiperator, Tlcrccircle and other imported breeding. Sires arc Cooper (123-15619) and Beville 1/. Marl'o (888/4-28518), the former bred by Ted Mcacigcti acid thec latter byis. 1 ). Ii cicgicis bellt ocf XWhartrnic outyd, Tex. (1) CIRCLE SQUARE RANCH (Sce Norris Cattle Coimpany ) CLARDY, JOHN S., Ocala, Fla. ( The Florida Cattleman 28--Second Section

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iA i '., JR., Hastings, FlaC. ranch located ilolmies soullreast of' Farmlers' Boulevard, phonec 2603. III Thie hd consists of 10 femnlesl of breeding irge a( iuired front Starke Estate, orangege, Tlex. 1). A". Gileirr and Sons, McAllen, T i. md Flank liifiiloc. 'alnios 1,Tex. Sire is pI *I, I 1nh1 r ( 738 -31260). M1iss Imperator ElIrphantiis, sold to Dirrance Ranch. wvas reserve ti:l.ipion fc-muit e i i llte 1919 Kissimtlce Valley Ihwt Nok Shim. The 1950 (all (1op is n1owV fol 'all. () CLE.\ONS. OSCAR. RiD 1, Box 122. Kissimomee, Fth. (') CoS FR BAR RA sXCi1, Sarasota, Ftla., ranch l tatld six mill" east (I Ftruiitville road, phone 70.121. Stokbridge and Bllackwil. owners, S. R. lhckiell, niagewr. Registered held, rstabllished( in 191), u hits 75 female (f bleeding g Mallbloodlie aire featr e d throughout, Sie Is Rtlia iRo Y. ( 7N1t( id. CRAM. 1IINRY Foot Point p];,ntai on, B1111f(on. .C. ( ,) CR;S I RAM C Box 187, ..1 .laF ). 1) 55iNc lotid 1 0 miles tIst on (ld l Avon Pik hihwii S Phionci night 3972, da ., 1 a, Russl FillnuI olncl. Thi held IIs begI in 1W and il A ontail s 55 em(iales of breeding ige. Sires ;Io' EarH Man(998|1-3715) and JDHReol Mlan", 186|,5-: 602.7). (I ) CRoss. TH11A C. (See KC Ranch) CROMA-11, LEROY, SaIrasotia, Fla. ( ) CUMF1.\ R, TINE, COMPANY, iP., O13o x it404) jiCkonxillt 1, F i. ( ) 1) )IS, A. ID ois Farms, 950 F. Main St. Rlk lill, S. Si i) ;nI C, CICII ilttile i t h on .S. 17,glI PhoneI f2. 1. L, Fi.gle, owner. Herd, iosist1 ,f 25 females of breeding age uning HeCSoi. Sit Basil, Tippa I Nl l ( IGat, Qui C Ian, and1C ilRx i loodlines-. ii :He Di 70118 o (70-22658) and DC Rex DIAMOND R RAN ILC savings, l-:, ran lo eicd three and i hal1, C)iles southeast, 1d. t.) Recid, 01wner. Herd wais estarblishedl in 19415 with purchatscs front F"redI C. Schullens of Cat springs, ;it.,'(' no consists (If 20 cowls of brcedinla with Agregard, MNf~ls(). llmperator and c1)'ool fi) Sire is Sir Canmiore Ii, DIAMlOND W RANCH. RF'D 1. FortLaddae FHit. M. M ,. Weiss, ownier. DRAKE., W. ., Ocaha, F'la. (*) DUD, .,AN SONS, Cocoa, Fla Ii., ofliue focrmed il 0iedo, FlPhone 2151, ranch locanted five Mies s Othet Cocoa, Gilbert A. Tucker, IInnger, phone 3This hierd now Contains 3 0 itreding Iemales osth AManso and ImiperaI o il bnreeding. Sires inlludite AMrenra-s (977-. i731). Em,,jpr (791 14645), JD11 Fav 11,111so (,M!)5-12452L, I Rihard t l ansjto (+j I'| ; _12(),1 'Id( Mlanim1s1 AM'-s 84 1 (8411 /4 23W-7). All sV wvele brecd b% J. D). 1 udginis cxcpt for Sol". A Shlol% herdI is beingl developed, and last D M, Iild,; (See RC Brahmnanl Ranch,) DURRANCT RANst-:1, Brighlton, Fka., ianch lo_ (:11(1 J( mnle, Cils ot Arcadia, 25 miles ivs of 1) 0" lic(""AWC III .i lcid 2,A], T1. dSo", Ownercs. T he pturelred herd wa*;s estillblishied in 19412 and contains 315( femleis o bleeding 11"'I. Represented in tile hlerd is bloodI ft',m tile majority of olltstanlding bulls. FOP site is Kmng Gr"Y' .pulrhsed fromn A. 1. Milrccaux of Kaphan, Lai. (-) 1"C11 (;tRox 868, Baitow, branch located 0,1 fltwjakelamd hlighwvay, phone 436, Eugene I'. Griffin, owner. This herd was estziblishked in Pictured abov is Rexmtis 21)70th, our grand cl almpioln cow at t lc io9l KissimmeeVa1ll y Livestock Show ...]erpedigree fe tures a nlumlber Of in terestingiloodlincs. Rexmlar 9115-7781; I)""m: RIitrN Ow .(Martill Jr. .695 I Rxie Anna L I -2I Niis Supimti pa 10 .-(Siver King 291 CrACta ArI iitorat ---.S f N -N to I in iana .oi King t jRosdhelt We expect to have for sale at the farm during the next few months, heifers and bull calves G. W. MANN RANCH Telephone, Bartow 509 BARTOW (Ranch west of Dundee) FLORIDA ool Qua/6t 4-registered Brahman bulls will mean that mnuci more beef from your grade calves. Our Brahnans are not pampered, but they have been selected for breeding which will build beef. Inspect then at our ranch between Punta Gorda and Fort Myers. Phone 137-M for appointment. T. 1. KENNEDY PUNTA GORDA FLORIDA for January, 1950 Second Section-29 -Ar-Champion at Kissimmee

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4N The four calves pictured above have been raised and are being shown by FFA MEMBER SONNY GRIFFIN, and 4-H MEMBER BOBBY GRIFFIN See them at the ranch. Or wait and see them at the two big Brahman shows this winter-Ocala Brahman Show January 14-17 and Florida State Fair. We have nothing for sale now, but we invite you to pay us a visit anytime. ECHO GARDENS Eugene F. Griffin BARTOW, FLORIDA R A N ( 1 1 0 C A Y 11 I) 0 N B A R T 0 W -1 A K F L A N 1) H1I 1 H i A Y $3.40 plus 3% State Sales Tax The Meat We Eat-y Ziegler A butcelring maonual-a handbook of everything from slaughiering to carving. Covers curing, taninuing, storing (lockers), cuts and formulas. 375 pages of practical information on handlinig meat. COIY PUBLICATIONS Inc. BOX 891, KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA 1947 ;md in w i oriists of -I0 Iegi't ied fetralt, f bicarding ;1rg' r1prcsieinti 11 a i I( (I blooffliag, Niris e i 1 io ai n ( C-11111 919). and a boingi b1ll. I r i r Illh, 1r-ce il piucrliased 1rm .1 Mar:eux of Kala .a., wihwl hc isaad ii iaighars of l srii Crrllaiz. Scicral Echo G;irdili talvs liac beci sliw ill jinior ,ompe,,litionI, withl two of thjem wininlg lfe ribbonietit the iii ) Polk CommYoluth Fail in Bar tow. (* ) 1EI l ATIS, INC%Kissiiimnia1, [la., \\ illiron Canl r, managiii .\ ( r I 11MARDS. AF.I RICE. JR. (Sri Cirle E R111icl) EDWARDS. Ralcigh AV, Mitmiaeci. Fla. E tCO RANCI, 1:10 S. Firinklin St., Tampa, Fla, lanaIFh loririd tIo, Wilt-s sotlh of San Antonio, Fh. phoeir 22-688, Mr. and \Its. G. F. F ipperson, i., Wi-crs i, v Gskiin, rietak,r. 'This Icr !d I osists of 27 females of breeding age strong il Mairto bleeding. Sire is Boymrarl (66)-8i527). a ])till heed bI Dr. W. S. Jacobs. IEPPERSON, Mr. and NMr' G1 Fr, Jr. (See Epai Ranrai) VERGI ADFS SN'IENT \TAION, 1elle G F. Flai, laioll located wo Ilde' eati phone 2610. ]r. R. V. Allison, dire clt. R. W Kidder, animiaal l band Iai. He ad Ini(tls of I-r feials if breediiit age. Fo ndatioi i taii le welle aiq ired rrom ir o rri a( It ;r t Briglitoi arnd Iromr VaNril rrdiglran Irothers of ra-ll r Glade. MaNlso ond 11111" blodin e m prlo-eseited in r Sire is Lit/e )awrl Jr. AA F I (225417 filed by II. W'. S. in irirs A1111. mi errcsii s FielFr at Ilie Ralmge Cattle Experimellit Siatioll, and in alldls hFrds at Belle Gladc ;Id Gainiestille, as atI as at O la. F1LRd;SON, A. J_ Paiih, ]:Lt. I FI mGUSON, \. N., Parisih, Fi ;a ) FAME, uil( (See Crcentll F Ranch)l II I1SE, DR. NI. J., 51 1 tlrr ItIig1riii riIIig, NIilrioi. I la. ( FLORIDA SI \1T' FARM. Ralrird, Fla., J. C. Go will, mllmaitigc. ( ) SKR I/I FLL, A. U., Mordo( k, l. ( ) Fl GIA,'. L. El. (See Deep Crek) GRIlFIN, FUGENE F. (See Eho Gardnii) GAMA\GE, M. G., 1 6 N. Bricardal, Airadia, F la. I ) Il\LL, E. J. (Sce Shelf Creck Ranch) HARRIS, L. Sa, RANCH, F10 S. Olaige Ae., Bar' trill Fla., phoeli 1. ralii iIraed oure nile soith of Kissimmee, lora'c Flloird, hicidsmaiin, Fr atl/, top sire. as i en ii list sin(ce 118 and is ;r hull of Maiso and Marotio bleeding who is roFIIiduig tonisisteitlyi otsialinliig talvcs. Hfrid as istalbli'ed inl 1912 and has iiow goWn III ontaiii 200 females of birediiig age featulin Tipir. Maiso arid Iliroto bleeding. Fat TOP, a [ull of 11111 perl enlt illpolllte iloodF, wias original sir' nid is still beiiig itself. A selection of unll (alaes, rawo-war-old bulls aidl some females are a ailabli fol sale. (*) IIART, T. C. (See T Hai Raiah) HIAW CREEK RANCH, litnnit-l, Fla., ranch located 10 miilvs solh oin Peikinls highway, Ray1mion T 'trckei, owiatrl. Ihis herI ,as estallished i 1947 with Iiduhases at ahlilanil sates, ald 110W coltiniis fi se feniales of bireding age iiostlY Manso ila brildinig Site is D1 :nipair Failna 638/h (35670), IIAYMAN, W. P., hatloi, Fla. IAZEN, I. S., CeaItcr Hill, Fla. ( ) "1 IAR RANCFI, 2107 Ieiryia St., Fort Myeis, FIla ianchtI loatedi six miles east, pioiie 175, i. A. I Leiidersoni, Jr., oitner. Establislred in 1912, this IiFrd irisisis of 19 feiales of ire dinig age anitll brecdiig iif araolo, Ilopkills, Iacoto, 1)1t11i, Dan and Hailie Cleo, proinenit iin pedigrees. Sires are AFpril 812 (812-4642), Hobby Mianso 91 104-11917) atnd Emperor Jr. 2ith (621-29069). (') The Florida Cattlemnall 30-Second Section

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EART BAR RANCH. Kissimice, Fla., ranch lo. cie1d five Imliles southeast, plione 503, IHenry 0. Partii aR Sosi owners. E;'stablisied in 1936 with purchase of 100 registered females of Tudgirls breeding. Heart Bar now has a breeding herId of 500 mairons. The herd is served by ten registered bulls iof Emperirr. Iiparistre and lManso blood. At tile Florida Str'e Fair, Eminlreror (7961), Parin-bred, placed first as a bull calf in 1941. and firit ill his lass and glIrid Champion as a wailing, bull in 19A2. Eleror was also grand thorpion at tile Solil thliast rnu Blaiians Show in 0(al. and champion i t Kissimill for tw io i ears. Sire tilt"', Sols and daigri1s of Ermperor have rlintingislied themisives in corpelition, During 1Ni a sonl 1ra, grand ihamipion bull at tle Ocala Ilrah;ii Sho, ar sin aiio l ind a i daughter won lbotl graI lhamPirshiPs at tire FloridaState Fair. ais well as at tire Sumier All-Florida Ii breeders Siowe, ind a 1on as reserve champion iill at the Nationl BIrrrahmrn Slrrw in Dalla. Drinig 1919, a rrmihter I,:, gind champion fmlliale at )Oti Itll( Flrr rida Sti, lair and hile Orala B]lhliman Show, :d It nl nils brought ]ione six first pr os fromr the Sumler All-Flrida Show. (*) HIENDiRSON. .\A, JR. (See H1 Bar Ranclt) HENDRY, JI. B. LaBelle, Fla. (1) HlIDON, C. P (Sce Springfield Farm) HOCAN. DR. IV. Y., Orala, Fla. (*) HORNE BROTHEIRS. RFD 1, Ocala. Fla., ranch IrlaIld eight miles test at Martel. pholie 687B11Ak. This herd onsists of 56 registered females of bleeding age. HOUSE. FRED, Sarasota, Fla. (') HURST BROTHERS, RFD, Box 57, Tallahassee, Fla., ranch located four miles cast on old St. Augustine road, Raillond C. and Oscar E. Hurst, oilers, Osi ar E. Hurst, manager. This herd, sarted in 1948, consists Of two brood matrons of Matnso breeding. Sire is 1loridIn AJlayla Aranlso Jr. 7th (095-12068) prtlchased fronr Mrs. Pat Johnstoll and Sot. Kissinnree. JAMES, J. P., Bartow. Fla. (') JB RANCH, Immokalec. Fla., rhlnchi located sothil of Immnokllee at Sunniland, 1. V. and Alusi Price, oilwrlrs, Phone Jacksonville 25-950, AV. M. Skipper, rallnager. This herd consists of 52 registered latIrons. and I'ttill' are being bred to DR Comipact Prrnce (409-27959), King Gre, Aainrsails, and JMarlil, all owncd l), Dirrance Ranch, and to Firyrt, owned iby. L. S. IHa'rris. JOHNSTON, SIRS. PAT, AND SON (See Bar 7 Ranch) JOHNSON, Steen R., Fort Pierce, Fla. (') JONES, C. E., Exerglades, Fla. ( ) KC 1ANCH, Box 161, Immokalce, Fla., Thelma C. Cr]oss, owner. TirEle females of breeding age are included in this herd started in 1917. Bloodlines include I attie Cleo, 1Maroto, Heroic, I leor d l llr 1 irs Sire is Hleroto A. 45. 1Crnrirrie-rial Iret rI Of 310 citis Iis been litilltairird for ranit years. (') KEElS, 11ETON S., RFD 2, Box 1702, Sarasota, Fla. (.) KEEN, ROY, Fake Wales, Fla. gEEN, S. ,\. (See Sarn Keen's Raricl) KEN1o1R 1: RANCH Vi-ro Beach, Fla., ranch loCatrd fire miles 'vest norh itof H1igiwvay io, plione 312, p. lB. G;ardner, owner, G. E. Barkoskie, Fellsimlere, minahr ger, Fred Bass, lierdsimarn. field teas estailished irs 1915 with purchase of Marnso coots fromrrr William' BOyd of Lake Wales. A riniher Of Tipptiroto cores weere bought later from Nis Cattle ComiPanY of Ocala. Sires used durig tire t ycOat incline King Grey. Durrance Rani sire, tid (te sois of Emiperor. IIrse ncat ye l ill atc Aig Grcy 5th, recently purclhised wintr Cip Ranch of Ocala. (*) KENNEDY, T. I., CATTLE COMPANY, Box 338, C'uata Crdt, Fla., i-alnc located eight miles soutli Ol famiiami Trail, phiolle 137-M, T. 1. Kennedy, own1cr. This herd consists of 33 registered females for January, 1950 Uniformly Good Take a look at this picture of Flato Brahmans. Notice the straight toplines in this row, as flat and even as a table top. Every animal alike and every one good! Registered Flato Brahmans are bred on the great Manso bloodline-the line of champions. No matter whether you're breeding for beef or blue ribbons, you can help your herd with uniformly good Flato Brahmans. Write us or visit our stock farm just off Highway 44, near Banquete, Texas, between Robstown and Alice. FLATO BROS. BOX 1781 PHONE 3-8421 CORPUS CHRISTI,TEX. WE HAVE Several good registered BRAHMAN CATTLE FOR SALE ITese inc 1 ode Notng cows in goodI raoge condition, and twenty calves (bills and heifecs) froi thrice to twclvrc months old. AlI anirials are of good blood lines. miany sired by our faonos Jacobs AA litll, BXolitart, caring st ong Alaoto line breeding. IIe' invile your 0 .inq .-ires and inspection Mr. and hrs. Gro. F. Epperson, Jr. EPC ANCH SAN ANTONIO, FLORIDA A ddress: EPPERSON S: COMPANY a 130 S. Franklin, Tampa, Fla. Second Section--31

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I Il le' lith.S ii vll t I t (ItII /1til / It ) pItoIo, It o l/lt' Itl lItI I)os t ll 11-1d d id-11 I/it"c -I R i ltt t Il /'il/lihI t '. t't IHol iti'fri It ltlt 1l1cift' ) lil I t'1 1is i'd I 'll11111 /l'It'l. iaioig te lil-. lof aroto, ttaittti Clio Quill ;,Til Pl'u (.:Irroll. Silc i, Gr~lalmn(l 161 ). Ibull bred 1 ) I .RI .S. J;Iobs. Ca i haI ee Ihm.n :1 the Sothvest Florida Fail ill For MAle fill 1wo ca),, ;(ill bil ribboll Kite bte, on both u'ur,. (,) K N RIR R. A., 11. 0. lit 173A, 0, I gi .IF .IAW BRAHMA RANCII. Room I, She an i iBidg., Panama Cit\. Fla., rani loomed iii Wausau It miles Xouth Nif Chiple .>hone i li Fleming 1Lai, oI Nicr Established in 1944. thi held i of tel feales of breeding age thotue pedigleli I ltut itaroto and Mimso breedin t ,irno ari Rolrt 22d (59-18416) Ind Jaco I 1a oto ( 1-3887 1 LAW. FLEMING (See [.aw% Brahmix Ranch) I lNWOOD ACRSX .ltt .ox ti, Bronlon 11:1. ianth lom~ed it (ommn load 71-A. phone 2.111, [,\I :old Lotisc Williains, 0wners. Sill Sheffield, Iwnngver. 'I (. femlle s purdha-ed front L S. lialri, of Kissimmee and Norris Cattle Comn, I;\ ot (-i l a omprisc fi held whi-h is hetdc by A mng 11i ilt ll' tlt). ( i 11 IFS BRO I II ER1. I NC., I amp;,, Fla. t-> NI.\C FACIlEN. DR. RODERICK (See M Mir M MM.\ IL BROWN AND)(e Bio,\n and Mach) NIM If. R. O, (So'( Brlown and Mmch) IJANX. (. \\, RANCH, Bartiw, FLi., iandh Io(alcd liear Irudce-Winfur Ilavenl roa'd, phone )"9. G. W. "Mock" Mann. Jr., managers, or phone St. Cloud 7142. 1sa lse ill 19:;:, ,hi, held cons'ist, oI 200 registered femalus (of bleeding age, hecadlud by nexmnar (945-7786) ;nd le x Solve)r (228-3:'000)1. Rexmar-t S 2 7, daughter of Rcxmaro, tole grarnd Chamnpion femlae at Itic 19-19 Ki,,immucc Vallc\ Livestock Shio, ,Io fitc lh e t Mame1 piurebreds, fitr west at file Oune traffi, light, (hike one mile, turning South at Mannu sign. F~emalvs in till heid "vre picd Picrc Estalu '01" (If Aristocrala. Manso. Emuperor of India, Vulgir and Martill breedinlg. (*) NIAXCY. I_ RAM11H, froslproiof, Fl];., randh Ioictd 25 miles east in Osfeolal C:onjty, phiono 230 1. T il held, cstablishied lin 1913, contains till female, of brct-ding, agv Originial (OWS oarrI Id blood front do. Slark Estatc livid, Olanlge, lv .Sites arre two Chialrbr' bull, acquired front 1Fr1 d W. Funnel. Wcelaw. Tevx. Pancho(17), (ameron ( 11472 lcito, f134W9) Joero (3 76), and saba, (11197) are iised ill commeritcirl M BAR M RANCH. RF:D 1, Box 890, Sarasota, FHa., land, kolated fit,' miles south Iin Bee Ridge ucI t. phone :32-15!). Dri. Roderick MacEachenr and Helne M.Mrlis, owners, Odell E. Cannon, mnall .tger. 'Ihis hierd, founded ill 19-18, consists of 4U females of breeding age strong inl Manlso, Hlopkins, T'ippu and Quincta breeding. Sile is Prin"e (/bw/ (h::_71 pur'hiaed floom Domianic til, ad a first prize winnr :It ilhe 19111 Oclla Br:11ah l Shiow, ('I \1C AR 1 HUR. A. G., Fernandinii, Flit. XIC CXI-ESS, W. F,. Box 127, Salisbti, N. C. ( NIC DANI. J. W., Felda, li. MCK.\Y Donald S. RIA) 2, Box 17, Arcadia. FlA., ttl ft ut th I miles northeast. pholi ;30\V fIl, hld. founded im II consists of 10 legit l(i na es of X feeding age represcItl tmg \rr-. tut miu-o and alrso bto dlinics. Sir .int 11,so ion 2d. r). 061-H,91) and /),,So 0 Boo ( 1 -48 1). MOORE, C. C. Bmau, Cit, Fla. NIORGIAN. IeRROL I. AND RUNI S., 301 N Hillsbolough Avc., Artadia,. I-la. nch located four it-t one-ial i tiles last, phone 312-R. onl t (I of 15 1gistcred fmales of bleeding age, tHi, hold %%;I eslabli'lhed ill94 wilth (;title heRing thI blood of :\Xistorata. IHi.aia. 'Mar-l fiN. RCX in, Iippt, Maoto, Ilattic Clo, st ittim o, a;dll Nlt oi Strt is L >elo (.154-1289) bled b\ (. C. \ppling (If L~otisc, Fc\ MO)RGAN RANCIL. Fort Ogden, F-hr., phone T012 .\sadia, R. 11. M~organ, iiwner. E established it 90 hi feld (ontains, four el es1c of breedim4 ;jc. sit( is /M? Oampy 260/h. bled by D)urMORGAN, R. 11. (Sce Morgan Ramdh) \IORRL1,, C. F. Baxluy, G;a. (") MORRIS, Helle N. (see M Rar M Bandi)t AlC .HOLLAM), RALPH Hf. Eustis, Fla., ranch totaled like mile, morth near UmIatillahlighway. Ili his hid ronsist, of six regintvred females of breeding aoehede b\ .1ul1hollanld's Sambo ( 1 ;1400) i h waIt 1%s bre Co y h j 4hl1 Clardv of Mt RPHY. OAKL EY, Avon P;rrk. ]-Lt. ( NORRIS CATT ILE COMlPANY, Box 1051, Ocala, Ila_ r-pistercd herid loomted at Anihonm Farims ien miles north, phonec 1551, R. G. "Bob" Ilerr"minn. manager .'this hield establishd ill 11. cn1,t of mine Ilhal 1001 lmatrons, repre"etn all file hest bloodlinles ill the( ited stawe, including Hudgins, Appling. Pivrc Esrte, Ptin. Fro-t, Marceaux, and Burke breedi1,2 It, he ompall al") operates a commerciall held. nsin, about 200 tell bulls in addition to I Iho'c in till registered herid, raises Shoithorn and Charolbri, catit and Quarter. Horses. Under same maagemcent ;rre Ocklalvaha Farmls, Circle SqaeRanth. Cross Bar Randh, TwnCounty Land'and Cattle Comipany, and Semiinole Cattle Company .Purebred breeding sock is available .1, Xell as hi,,h glade Brahmnanl bulls and hecifers. Winning, at the ]rest Ocala Brahmnanl Show ill(hlvd gland championn bull, Alone makere, and ;It III, ];It Sumter AlblHoridal Brcedurs' Show Noris Brla .hmtansi wont all fu girind cund re. X to1I1o I a I I. I n Cl s .XoII aN it Itttt~ BeldMid1 s-re chamipionships. Nor I wktliotrt.ierI hlibilor alt lie ]list 0( ah I,, m. Sircs inll( tand lion it c (If Ihr ee of It h tilt Sut e I ltatt i pions, and .1 tnewtmaer I hc 19 19 Ocaha grand (h JE mIIIiIn hUll. ( ') NoTT 1. PERRY 0., 1Frt M, ,r Fla. ) oK I A IllA IARMS (See N iX CtI t le Comattlii I L IF. A. /. XVaouchotla, FkI ., ) Y R F II.IVY, E: G FN E E: New Ste, I a Beach]. l Her~d of 10 females w~as aquired fromn J. MII l) mcR of AleXandlia, .iBo 1MS. Shes Ire Picheiie timid Ltaaro, bmight front J. D. 1 ju. gil, ot Ilting Ifod.a Tex. ( t)i O'LEY FAR S. RFD 1, Box -2. Brookille. Fla., r:a11,h locatecd to ilies 'oth oil Mitchiell R1, phone 5cW W. F. Oxler, ownelr and mwlaager. 20 brood Ilation, comrolisc thi, v,!,Jstvrd hcAl w i It itracs t i ilibcek (mile from H unget. told. Tiix., atq' ed front BirOt and tMai of Weht .She is ombshi1 ( M1-33192). Ilt n of C ./r and prandson If Ted MlarsO, bought front IHerm;rnI Bevillu of Birhne1ll. Conlimericll herd was established in 19.12. and a f 2). bull 'alhs ;Ire next for sale. (*) PARTIN, 1.NRY 0., AND SONS (Svc Heart Ri ar Ram Ih) PLATT. M INOR, Melbourne, Fla. (* POLK BRAHMAN FARMS, INC., Box 14186. Wi tr Thil Flt. rat-t1 four imies ca t t f Dludee itigliNtta 512. phone 22-720, Lamar Beau XImi(p and Ray Bice, owners, Red arris, rani. liltherd, es ta b IlisI lIt,( 1943. consistss of ]20 registered females of breeding ;Ifge reprCsveting MansI Iipeaor, Tippu and Blutit beeditg largely. Stles are Manso J. 10, Oloo Ara s (315,/5-36151), 111tiin It" (31 2701-i) and Ti)tl.iint (lit~ 10-324-2 180 PRIC. J. F. and Al-s (See J11I RanIh) PROCTOR. 1P. V., 1'. 0. Box 322. DcLand. FHa. PUCEII.S RANCH, Orlando. Fla., t rinch ninie miles cal o i idaf.itO dit roml phV one 2:261, .i F g. Pucell, onier. It rgisterl d fu Iales ComPriue i elii with Malso bledii g prlidviant Sires are( Prinre Cal Is 3d (6-21888) Prita Ics Ll J3-309I18) al Snow ti /llr 0RAINBOW RANC, Box 607, Palatka. Fla_, icldI lo ated 1 miles soutlii ti phole 87. li ay Webui ind Homer Rodehavr. ouriulsi aIg Ii tueull i aager -Ill li-I ed il 19.49, (onsist, of' 12 registered females of breedling age ft-aiuing maroto and manso bleeding. tie is W? Diuole of Ifind-r 112d (142-2180e Suveral threc-year-old bulls are for, saie. RANGE C AT EXIERIN1ENT STATION Ona, Fla., ranch locatecd 18, miles southwest or WaiIXla, IN miles northwest of Acadlia, UliNIusii of Florida, owner, Dr. W, G. Kirk, director. Originated u it 1942. this hlied li' 28 females ad bleeding age with bloodlinecs frot Maso. eritlie ;id Maroto predominating. Origimi'l bulls Ivere pu-chasI d front J. t. Htudgins and Ietr) 0. Partin ;nd Sons. 18 of the females are wedl in a (rossbreeding project to decterinle tire \aluc of differ rvet crosses for F lorida rangos Ten liflerspurIased ill 1948 and ji 949 are being osed to estabIlishI ;r pitirIerd herid. Sireo are Mlogul Amnso jr. Md (12920), and Emilperit, J,. Will 00328). RCI BRAHNAN RANCH, Kiuinin22e Palk. FIa3i Ni-s. Hila Duii ail ownle, anch located sevel miles south of St. C:lend. Thie breeding hlerd, established in Mayv, 1915, (ontains 34 femialts of bleeding age. Blo .dlinecs include sold tile, j, Tippit the( Great. Sires ;fre Built Righl A'0110 (18M5 and I rptriure Jr. 58th (29071). Somel br1e-eding 'look is now available. (') READ. 1). 1). (Sev Diamond R Ranch) RODEHEA\VER, HOMER iScc Rmrnbow Randh) SAM KE-,E ,N'S RANCH, 1). 0. Box 282, Lake Wales. Fla., ranch located IS miles cast, S. M. Kell olwner. Hfurd consists of four bloodIl matrols. Z1111 The Florida Cattecnill 32--Second Section

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sirs in ose are Patton (2-23969) and Eugene (9415523). (*) ARA JOTA FFA CHAPTER, Sarasota High School, Sarasota, Fla., phone 32-541, AV. J Crowley, adviser. This herd consists of two registered female, of breeding age of Stark Estate, Maroto, rcielno and Red Raider breeding. Cattle are bred for the chapter by 'Milton R. Thonas and Sis of Sarasota to Red Raider and Raider's jRe jo. One cow, Ellsie Dinsnore, has received bIue ribbon at Florida State Fair FFA show for eachs of the last three years. SFL FY RANCH, P. 0. Box 1505, Sarasota, Fia., ranchb located four miles east of Myakka City, phone 2597, W. G. Selby, owner, Don B. Newb srn, manager. Established in 1949 this erd consists of 29 registered females of breeding age, plus 26 young hieifers. Sitres are Raider' Fatietio (23-31894) od't! Red So bre"o (ill 35970), both bred by lilton R. Thomas ands SoilS of Sarasota SiHANDS, W. A., Gainescille, Flia. SHELL CREEK RANCH, Miami, Fla., ranch iss sated 12 miles west of Putnta Gorda, E. J. Hall, owrws, Fred Touchstone, manager. Tlsis hierd consists of stren fetiales of breeding age and sas founded in 1946. All females :ire of Manso ibresling. Sires are Tango Manso 7th (311/311511), lillis 1Iussahl 675 (675-31697), Dutch Blenihv 538 (538-20817) and Prince of Orange 12t (421-21682). SIMMONS, R. J., Box 412, Lake Wales, Fla. (*) SIMPSON, FACKNEY, Zephyrhills, Flia. SLOAN, DAVE, fascotte, Fla. (') SMITH, A. A., Vero Beach, Flia. (*) SSIITH. CLYDE P (See Bar S Ranchl) SMITH, CLYDE P., Hastings, Fla. SMITH, JAMES ARTHUR (See Standard Cattle (:ompany) SOUTH MOON RANCH, Lake Wales, Flia., ranch located at Lorida, phone 22.603, William R. lbosd, owner. Established in 1939, this hierdi cosists of 75 fetmales of breeding age, all of i idgins breeding. Sires are Corocrat Manso (437 /3-12036) and Anherser (356/4-18221). A f"w yroc Titg bulls usable during the Spring are available. (-) SPRINGFIELD FARM, RFD 4, St. Andrews Parish, Charleston, S. C., ranch located nine miles west sit Highway 61. phone 2-8863, G. Philip Higslots, owner. Established in 1941, this herd contains 36 females of breeding age, all of Appling breeding. Sires are Sir Selim II Jr. 202d (20210059) and Hopkins 251. (-) STALLIWORTH, M. C., JR., Vinegar Bend, Ala. (-) STANDARD CATTLE COMPANY, Box 595, Bonifay, Fla., ranch located three and one-hialf miles Soutth, James Arthur Smith, owner, James A. Clemontts, manager. This herd consists of eight registered females of breeding age headed by the bull Pay Off (179-19130), bred by Dr. W. S. Jacobs. STOCKBRIDGE AND BLACKWELL (See Clover Blar) STOCKBRIDGE, W. W. (See Clover Barr) STUART, W. H., Bartow, Fia. (-) SUGARLAND RANCI, Clewiston, Flit., ranch loiated one Tile west, phones 1 and 196-W, U. S. Sigar Corp., owner, S. L. Crochet, director, Randall A. Fulford, superintendent. Bloodlines featured its 132 cows of breeding age are Ja. cobs, Hudgins and Stark Estate breeding. Herd was e'tablished in 1945. Sires are Harry's Sons 920), ass AA bull with Dutch, Dan an 7;-ot breeding, Albacrata, Jr. (27597), a gsalds,,nl of Aristocraur, tracing back to five different ishportations frosn India and Brazil in fousr generation pedigree, King Grey 3d (43868), >ircd by King Grey and line bred to Isperator and lMaroto. ( ) I (-ntined on Page 36-Second Section) The PAN AMERICAN Z E BU ASSOCIATION Invites You To \ NQRTH AMERICA'S WORLD PREMIERE Of ADVANCED TYPE ZEBU CATTLE A 0 T E ST CK EXPOSITION -FEB. 17-26, 1950 \cattle en from throughout the Western emZ ebu from Cuba, Mexico, Central and59 h\p See North A erica ln duBrazil Zeb cattle, rich in Indian Gyr Id 'uz Iath bloods,\nder\s *entific development as one o ricsforemos beef\ b eeds. Observe the ef fe< of' ou d sele\ti ap1i i to the 'nth degree, by progrss i bree rs, who a estb fishing true Indu-Brazil breed type m n North erican Brahman cattle. 'X, /1 See the massive scale, size, rowth advan tae an reeding qualities of America's mo produce be efc le. Learn the astounding cross-bree g vahue of\truly 'p ebred Zebu bulls, by observing top s s of.purebr Zebu, and Zebu crossbred cattle. The potentialities of a visit to the San Antonio Livestoc Exposition are unlimited. For Further Information Write Pan American Zebu Association P. 0. BOX 268 COTULLA, TEXAS When It's a Matter of Registered BRAHMANS For Results See Our Herd First Our Brahmans Feature Manso Breeding W. E. OXLEY OXLEY FARMS, BOX 52 Brooksvilhe, Florida RANCH LOCATED 2 MILES ON MITCHELL ROAD Second Section-33 for January, 1950

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GROUP OF COw", Braliniate Hall of Fame Use of Best Available Animals Points Way to Improvement at Kenmore Ranch IT TOOK A HORSEwOMAN to show the way to what has become one of the fittest small Brahman herds in Florida. That's the way P. leB Gardner ("PIres" to his friends) describes the conversion of his Ketinore Ranch herd from one of many, reasonably good herds, to a herd wh ii(h has prospects of being really outstandirlng in the near future. Gardner's sister-\frs. Ruius Fin hI of New York City-is the horsewoman. lie was discussing his registered Brahman herd with her one day, trviing to decide just what course to follow in developiig it. when she said: "I know what I'd do with horses. I'd buy the best timares possible, atd breed tiiei to a top stud-io iiatter what the fee." That sounded like good advice to Gardner. It was shortly beore DUrrante Raiii at Brigiton sati Pa id .15-0o0I for kinigu Grey .And whei news of that punrhase reached Gardner lie was able to reach an agreesient with then through whitich they would breed 12 Keniiore cows over a period of two years for what Gardner then thought was a "terrific" price. So far 12 Keinsore cows have been bred to the sire, and the first calves dropped this fall havt thorotighy convin(ced Garider that his course was wise. "I'm now conviicetd that the 'terrific" price paid for breeding these cows has really been cheapp" lie declares. Kenmore Ranch was originally founded ill 1943 as ketiniore Cattle Company, in which Gardner owned onlv an interest. Thiroigh the years lie has bought the share of the other interested parties, and since i1948 has owned the ranch and cattle himself. -We originally thought in terms of a large ranch devoted to raising coiiercial betf," Gardner explains. "My interest ill a more intensive operation on a smaller stale with purebreds was the reason. for oul tihanges il policy." Kenisore Ranch today consists of 1001 acres of g((ood pastureland located five miles wtst of Vero Beach near Florida HIighsway (o. 01 the acieage, oo is improved-most yv with Common Bermuda, ]kiihia. and Carpet grasses-but work is now beginning with Plensaola Bahia and Pantgola grasses. Gardner believes that Pa:iigola will prose to be the most desirable grass, althougi his experience with Common Bahia has beeti quite sUCttcessful. Most of the improved land has been farmed it) the past, and Gardner uses a mixed fertilizer, some phosphates and Dolomite (to supply muaigtnesiumii) on ihis pastures regullarly. l'ts convinced, from our experience, that a mixed fertilizer plus lime, plesphate and minor cleients is essential to growiisg cattle," lie says. Gardner frankly states that he's not primarily a cattleman, and that he relies strongly on advice from his superintendent, G. E. Barkoskie of Fellsmere, in pasture and cattle management. Herdsman. is Fred Bass who has been with Kenmore since its bieg itning. Featured in the Hall of Fame are King Grey and a group of four cows which Gardner believes are indicative of the quality lie is retainiin.g in his lserd. His breedintg goal is a Manso-Imperator blend whikii Gardner believes will combine the two leading bloodlines so far as substance and temperament is concerned. His females are largely Manso iin breeding. In addition to King Gre (who, of course, is an Imnperator bull), Gardner is using a son of Emperor. whs ici lie purchasedl at the 19-49 Ocala (Continued on page .18,-Second Section) 34-Second Section The Florida Cattlental Pedigree of King Grey (280-8561) I mpIerator Sire: King of Kaplan fGeorge 11 Alabama ..Regina by El Hassen fSilver King ..f Maroto Oami: Lady Gray's Own I Lucille [Lady Graydon KING GRLY

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King Grey left, a11d his Kenore cows iefad for the pens together pre'partoryv to be ing" lo(dd anld tit 1fcid back to I / imllor lanth. The 5/5.000 Durrance Rnch bull-of Inperator breeding-has b(en bred to 1/ Anso and ( ipprl)to cows ow0eId by 0 doing the post 12 oniths. Breeding for the Best. When the best available cows are bred to the best available bull, the results should be spectacular. That is exactly the word for the new calves which have been dropped at Kenmore Ranch by cows we bred to King Grey. the famous Durrance Ranch bull. Our herd of females has been culled and reculled until the 27 females of breeding age we now own can be confidently referred to as among the best cows in Florida. Last year we determined to breed a number of those cows to the best bull we could find-and that, we soon decided, was King Grey. 12 of our breeding cows have been bred to this bull, and the remainder of our females are bred to sons of Emperor. Next Year we will be using Kinig Grey 5,h, in which we own au interest. The blend of Manso cows with Imiperator bulls is comt. bining two Brahman Hues which are noted for their substance and good temperament. And this is nto longer a theoretical thing, because we actually have several calves sired by King Grey. Keninore Ranch ever expects to have Florida's largest herd-but we believe you'll agree that we already have one of Florida's best herds. Won't you plan now to include a stop at Kenniore Ranch in your schedule the next time you pass through Indian River County? A Service Age Bull Consigned to Ocula Bull we are consigning is Sir hubert Arishopinan. calved March 10, 1947 and sired by Hopkins 426th. This bull will be ready for service this summer. We invite you to see him, and hid on hin, at the Ocala Brahman Show and Sale January 17-20. K more Rdanch P. le B. "Pres" Gardner, Owener Vero Beach for Jaiuary, 1950 Florida Second Section-35 Our Policy We prefer to muiake friends out of customers-not customers out of friends. Complete, correct, papers will be furnished on each sale within 30 days. If you aren't satisfied, tell us; if you are, tell others.

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Dandelion's King is our consignment to the OCALA BRAHMAN SALE January 20. A 1949 calf, this young bull is sired by Dandelion, sire of many champions, and is out of Vanity 4th. POLK BRAHMAN FARMS Lamar Beauchamp, Owner Phone 26-933 WINTER HAVEN, FLA. R AN C H I O f I E ) O N 1) U N D E E ROAD FOUR MILES EAST Registered and Commercial Our registered Brahmans represent some of America's best BRAHMAN bloodlines. Come by and see Catile Bought and Sold our herd-but please don't come to buy. We have nothing for sale yet. T. 1. KENNEDY Eugene O'Reilly Punta Grorda, FloridaRt. 1, New Smyrna Beach, Fla. PuntaGord, FlridaPhone County 3713--Ranch at Samsula F -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF OPPORTUNITY KNOCKS! FEB. 11, 1950 AT THE JUMBO BRAHMAN AUCTION When Jumbos are offered you can improve your herd at your own price Choose from the famous MANSO bloodline, recognized as the best in the nation Itl'ibsg for Office: VERNON W. FROST, Owner 25th Floor Esperson Bldg. Houston, Texas Ranch Simonton, Texas Directory (Cupnsinuedl from page 33-Second Section) T HART RANCH, RFD 1, Wasichula, Fla., ranch lomared five miles southwest, phone 5829, T. C. ][r;i, owner. Established in 1946, this herd con. tains 50 females of breeding age, with Manse, Maroto aid Imiiperaior breeding promincnt. Sir, aire Slim 1anso 201h (148/3-103148) and Silnrio (941 1-13141), both bred by J. 1). Hudgins. (') TAYLOR, JOHN S., JR., Largo, Fla. (') IIONIAS, BEN (See BR Ranch) T 10MAS, MILTON R., AND SONS (See BR Ranch11) TUCKER, RAYMON F. (See Haw Creek) TURKEY LAKE RANCH, Orlando, Fla. ( ) TURNER, JOHN I., Box 165, Arcadia, Fla,, ranch located two miles noiili, phone 245, John It. Turner, owner, Eugene I1. Turner, phone 578-V, manager. This herd (ontains 15 cows of bleeding age and was established in 1939, IHeloic and Manso breeding is most prominent. siies are Taizan (60-3239) and Mr. M. 3154h (315/7-36908). A commercial herd numbering 600 now averages ,I Brahman Blood or more. (1) U S. SUGAR CORPORATION (See Sugarland Ranch) VANDEGRIFT, ROY AND THELMA (See V-l Ranch) VAN LANDINGIIAM BROTHERS, Belle Glade, Fla. ranchi locatedI six miles cast, plrone 2811, E. M., R. C. and S. G. VanLandingham, oilers, F. M. VanLaridingliam, manager. Established in 195, this herd includes 64 registered females of breeding age originally selected from Manso and Jacobs breeudirg, and closely checked for gentle (i isiriesii, [inch depthr, and( eass-flesli i g abrility. Sires are Double April (91-13236) and Cecil's MIsio 317th (317-16050). (*) V-W RANCH, lialokee, Fla., phone 7181, Roy andlii Thelma Vandegrift, It. T. Willia'ms and 1'. 'M. Cate, Jr., owners, Roy Vandegrift, manager. Tbis herd contains 74 registered females of breeding age purliased since 1948 when the herd was begun. Bloodnlies most prominent are MansO, Tippo QUinca and Imperator. Sires include Stallworth 30th (30-12860), Sombrerito (114-39705), Phlengar 801h (663-30301 ) and Igoo 11anso <847/2-6603). (* WARREN, R. E., Box 804, Jesrip, Ga. (*) WVC RANCII, P. 0. Box 409, Orlando, Fla., ranch located 10 miles southeast on IHighwnay 15, phoile 7128, W. C. Champ ion and Son, onisers. Established in 1915, this herd includes 35 registered feriales of breeding age of Duirance, Stark Etate, Hudgins, '\fan and Partin breeding, o'd representing Manso, Erperor, Ileroto, Martin, Rexnar, Dandelion, Heroic, and Maroto bloodIines. Sires are Sacinal Jr. I7th (374-15701) and Essmjeror Jr. 7th (500-21400), both Henry 0. P'artin and Sons' bulls. () AVEEKS, INMAN I., Pahokee, Fla. (*) WEISS, M. M. (See Diaiond W Ranch) WESTBURY, HARRY (See Rainbow Ranch) WHALEY, CECIL E. (See The Whaley CompaliY) WHALEY, CLAY (See The Whaley Coipany) WHALEY, NANCY T. (See The Whaley COM pIany) WHALEY, I HE, COMPANY, Box 5:33, Saint Cloud, Fla., rnch lociated si'en miles south at Sii silsilnee [Park, Naicy TI. Whtaley and So' owners, Cecil E. Whale, manager. Establishtd in 1933, this herd consists of 15o registered floales of breeding age, with the aged females carryiig Marrin breeding. Manso breeding 1s introduced in 1942. Sires are 1/igo Manso (8031 1-3525), Prestado (195/4-18062) and Sadoc (97/ -15103), all bred by J. D. Hudgins, and carrying Manso and Inierator breeding. (*) 36--Second Section /F -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF -VF The Florida Cattlemant

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hcsc (alves arc conIpeting for the loSt gr11aini of feed in the bottom? of the trough. They (lie two of this year's calf crop at the Vose Babcock Ranch in the Devil's Garden section of Hendry County southeast of LaBelle. WILBANKS, DEVEY, Box 5117, Tampa, Fla. () WILLIAMS, E. W., Palatka, Fla. (') WILLIAMS, it. 'T. (See V-W Ranch) WILLIAMS, LYN AND LOUISE (See Lynwood Acres) WILLIAMSON, FRANK W. AND HELENE, Okeechobee Fla. ( ) WOLFF, J. 0., AND SONS, Okeechobee, Fla. ranch located two iles South, j. 0. Wolf, Owner, J. 0. Wolff, Jr., manager. Established ii 1946, this herd contains 20 females of breedhig age of Quinca, Tippi, Manso and IHopkins breeding. Sire is TipPu 11of (261-32623), a i Uls tl. The entire 1949 calf crop (three s, seven heifers) is now for sale. (*) lE FIRST CROSS of' B'lrAhlMa With HeTrCfor'd produces an. animal which in turn call tralnsiit its qualities faithlfuilly to its oil sPring, according to Nf. Jay Flipse of Miam1i, owicr of a registered Brahnitl 11(d comincrcial herd south of LaBelIc. According to Flipse, the first cross of lralittian with Angus will not rclprodLuce itself. G. W. Mann Ranch of Bartow presents a son of REXMAR on commercial cattle The test of any bull is his ability to produce beef when placed with a herd of conimercial cattle. The fine bull pictured above with his herd and his owner, A. A. Smith of Vero Beach, was bought by Mr. Smith as a calf. He was carefully raised so that he would be in perfect breeding condition. This bull is producing exceptional calves front good commercial cows. If you are interested in Rexmar bulls, contact the G. W. Mann Ranch. If you would like to see this bull, or buy coniiercial Brahniians, contact A. A. SMITH Vero Beach, Florida /0r January, 1950 Second Section-37

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iis is Eve rolades Belle (120i7i2). Because of an unfortunate shadow the picture doesn't do justice to the well-rounded, deep-fleshed hindquarters of this animal. Her wide deep body, her well-formed back and good underline and her typical Zebu characteristics are in evidence. She carries flesh easily and produces calves regularly. This is the kind of cow we like. Van Landingham Brothers Box 266 0 Phone 2813 0 BELLE GLADE, FLA. Pictured aboxe is Dn Pasquale. the itnlier one calf to drop in our herd. \ son of J'Prin CrMI ing ( first place junior bull at Ocala in 1949), and out of DR CmpadC Ba11 654th. lie will he shown at Oca ha. During 1950 xw-e xill haxe a limited number of bulls and heifers for sale at the farm. M BAR M RANCH Route I Box 890 a Telephone 32-459 Raoch located in Bee Ridge section, 5 miles southeast of SARASOTA Hall of Fame (()IIined frOm Page 34, Secon( Section} Brahman Show lor i(i5o to top the bull sale, and another Emperor bull loaned him by Durrance. Next year. when Gard ner will no lo cger be usi ig King Grey, most of the cows will be b)red to one of his so)s, King Grey thl which was purchased by Kenmore and Caip Ranch of Ocala last Spring front Aubrey J. Mxfarceaux former owner of Kimg Grey. Orig inal feniale stock for the Kenmore herd was purchased from William R. Boyd of lake Wales and included to Manso breeding cows. Later some stock was boUglt from Norris Cattle Company of Ocala, mostly dlanghters of Tippuroto, and Gardner ihas found that King Grey also "nicks" well with this line. Gardner has a feeling that he can contribute very greatly to Brahmuan de. velopment through his breeding pro. gram. His aim is, he says, "to produce a very select, high type of registered Brahman cattle." "I think that it is fundamental econ. otnics to use Bralimans," lie declares. 'Not only are Bralmnians valuable because of lhbridiziation, but also because they are rugged and disease resistant. The sooner that breeders of English-type cattle begiii using Rrahman bulls, the faster they will improve American beef." Brevard Pushes Pasture improvement With SCS PASTURt m IMPROVEMENT in Brevard County is being pushed through Soil Conserva tion Service conservationists, it's reported, with work in progress on ranches of 0. L. Burton. Eau Gallie, and Cecil Platt of Melbourne. Burton plans to improve 15o acres four miles west of Eau Gallie for beef cattle, while Platt has used a "bushwhacker" to clear 4o atres of scrub pal mietto land which is being planted this summer. Fuller Writes of Change In Okeechiobee City OKEECHOBEE CrrY has changed from a boom town to a prosperous cattle towtn in the past 25 years, according to Walter P. Fuller writing in the Gulf Beach News of Pass-a-Grille. He recalled his first visit to Okeechobee in 1923, when it was booming, a subsequent visit in 1933 when he had diffculty getting a S2o bill changed, and a visit this year when fenced pastures take up the old subdivisions and Okeechobee is center for some of Florida's most prosperous cattle ranches. OCALA BRAHMAN SALE is JanuarV 20. 38-Second Section The Florida Cattleniall lAle

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Is Fe GRAD Is Babcock Herdsman Anderson in charge of 25,000 acre Hiendry County raneh ONE oF FtORuDA's oldest registered Bralman herdls (the owner advertises that he is member antber 20 of the American Bralntan Breeders' Association) has a new college-train-ed herdsman. Charles L. Anderson of Largo, who gratated last Spring Jron the University of Florida, worked for several mon ths at tie Range Cattle Experiment Station at On1a. has accepted the position from Vose habcock and is in charge of the 25ooo acre rant1ti1 ill liendry County's Devil's Garden area. The Bab(ock herd consists of 70 registered eia les of b reeding a'ge, with most of the bill] production put in service ott bIabcock's own commercial cattle. Anderson will start a small show herd atd it is planned to show at tie Southwest Florida Fair in Fort Myers this year before invading the major shows in 195o-5 1. Top sire for the herdi wvill soon be tile first imported Braziliatn bull to be broutglht to Florida-a bull named (aoo(u. importedl i .16 atd re gistered boti with tite ABB.\ arid the Pan Americati Zelit associationn TIe tiabcock Rani is located 2t mit's soutti of hiigbway 8t which runs front Fort Myers to West Palm Beach. It is 45 tiles from LaBelle (where the ranlch gets its ttail). frotl Clewiston and 2() from Moore Haen. Solutions Seen in Tax Disputes in Florida DFtiERENCEt s between count cOntmissions alnd tax assessors, in exactly opposite sitttations, have delayed tax bills in Hardee and Osceola Counties. itt Osceola county commissioners redttedti J'altta tion on pasture land set by the tax assessor in their capacity as ain Ceitahization board. A court test upheld tle commission. in Hardee tile commission raised valu1tiotn Oil ((ils set by the assessor. Negotiationls between the commission and the tax assessesor iave reduced the differences to a dozen instances which are expected to ibe worked out. Our Ocata conwinment MISS BESS JACOB, pictured above, will be one of the best cows offered at Ocala January 20. She was bred at Ilartle's U Ranch and calved oii April 6, 1947. Sired by Boy Blue. she is out of an ounstanding cow, Ray Bess II. BABY EMPEROR 2D was calved December 12, 1948. lie is a steel-colored bull of good quality, well developed and easy to handle. Ie also is a product of our own breeding, being sired by Emperor Jr. 36th and out of Red Queen II. Dotnt Miss This Ontstanlading Offering! BARTULES U HANCH J. A. Barthle & Sons SAN ANTONIO, FLORIDA /Or January, 1950 For Sale-Registered Brahnian hull and heifer calves out of top cows and by top hulls. Brown and Mach T. Noble Brown, Manager WEBSTER, FLA. Phone 2140 Second Section-39 I -__

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33 FEMALE, Bull Bought By Palmers Norris, Durrance sell to newr breeders; 85000 bull calf included PURt.CIASE 0F TWO IBUi S tin/dl thirty-thirec f eiiiaies rhom DUrrance Ranich, Brigiton, and lrri Cattle Comlpanry, Ocala, is an-noncedat Sarasota its plans are reNealcdl for establishment of' a top Brahlman reediig eiti iner the manner of Mr. anl Mrs. Honore Palmer. Purchase of the animials was confiriiit I bi, CheI-s Dempsey, treasurer of the PalMer Floridla Corporation, who toldI 'I Ili (AYI .15A.N the two bUlls iCilUie i sonl of Kim (; aidit sol of Dan delio//, lesp tive hertisires of Durran-ce an l Norris. Although Io figures were niadle lisic onl the transaction it is undlerstoodl the Durrance bull. DR Impetior Marill, wN'as solI at S"5o(/-regartdetd as scttiln/g a reICit for al e1/ighit-lon1ths bll-allt 2/ heifers, soile of them bretl by Durrance's kilg (;-rv, were sold at SiIooo apiece. Aeeordiig t/ T. J. Durrance, Jr., half of the Durrai ce feiiales are vet to be selecteti froimi tie 195(/ calf crops of which four are to be diaigliters of King GI-e antI six by Imperaii'tor andt Alanso bulls. The others ire -i18 licifers, all to be bret to top Im lerator bulls this spring. Transfer of ti/e cattle to the Palmer properties will not take platc until "well after the first of the year," according to Dempsey. but sOi/C 2000 acres will be initially devoted to the pueirebd operation. Although the Pal/mers--dating back to the original purchases of Potter Palner iii 1ot i-have been, interested in real estate andI farming lan(s in Sarasota, MaiThis SOPI of King Gre-' -Driac(e ( ainichi'is Ccn tu/ion Impe rator-is sai d to have so/l 11 >j to 1/ C eyn olds M/al com/pony for usp in a Broliama brecding establishment bcing set Iip (it Kingston, 7iamaica, B.W1 .I. The bu) ll-with five olher calves-(l (-w Iown to 7a111aim un/Cr the personal supervision of Aliltoil R. Thomas, Sarasota, andl Hlam.)), Gay( eln, cm a c l the iBBA, met the Plane as it landeld. In making his sclc'cions of Flori lu 13aionos. Ici/h Cox, resident manager for Reyinolds in 7amaical cxplind that his fion was seeking to imlProvc the animal husanil inl the Br-itis/i West 111(1s. COX inspeored he' dIs in Tcxas and Flo iida befor-c making his selection. (1 1orida CatleImanl Photo) atee and Hillsborotigih (l/ulties, this will be their first entry into the livestok biisihess. Hlon/ore is a brother of Potter Palner. Dempsey preticteti the purebred herd migiiht eventually number 5oo headl, iani that eventually the Palner cattle operatiol W/ LofI ei brace commercial beel' production. The Durraiie bull is to be exliibiteel iiithe 195o willter si/ws /11/dcr the Palm//er namle, but the Norris cattle will not form ally become Paliier property until after the Otala all Taimpa shoVs. Ini the Norris lot was Bei/o, 16-riionthol(d Dandclion yearling who as reserves champion of the Suier Breediers' Show at Webster ill November. The females inc Ilietl o1e two-vear-olI anI a yearlin-g, who are in the Norris show herd, allt eleven others of' various ages. The Durrance bull was shown at the December Tri-County Livestock Show iin Wauchula anl reportedly placed as grand champion. Sarasota's Ftre Farmer ch/lter 1s believed to be the only one in Florida with its ow/n ie)/I of Brahman (ows. 11/re FFA-eAlmberi Ben Thomas, son of Brahman breeder Ailton R. 1 /oias of Sasota. /1oses with the wo1 fine animals an( their calves. Reynolds Metal Starts flrahmaim Herd in Jamaica FTABLISHMNENT of at top) Brahman herd oil the Jamaica properties of the Reynolds Metals interests is signalized b/ the shipment of six calves selected from Floridia Brahman herds, it as announced by Milton R. Thomas. Sarasota breeder. The cattle, which were shipped by air in n(ltd-Dcemiber, constitute a repeat ortier and selection was made by Keith COx, resident manager for Reynolids, Who visiteti Floridia anil Texas hers several weeks ago. Thomas accomipaiiiei the cattle on the flight ani was met at Kingston, Janaica, by Harry Gayden, Houston, Texas, secretary of the American Brainan Breeders' Association. In the shipment were three daughten of the BR Ranch "Seven Sisters" by Red Raider, heri sire of the Thomas herd, and one bUll calf by King Grey, seniOl sire of the Durrance Ranch herd it Brighton. Although figures were li/i sfihiaiv i-el eiasetd on tile sale, it is under stool the bull sold at S35oo, a figure regarded as setting a new record for IIIoitls-old calves oii the Brahian itbrec. lPiin-s witi. ii-m awarded for top sak a niials each week at the Hardee CouInt% Livestock Market at Wauihula, accord. into Russell Farmer, msanagr. Facilities at the i//a rket are na/c aVaable to haiiidle 1500 cattle, and the Atla//tiC (:ost liiie is illoviilg IeilS froi Zolfo wich15 .ill a ccommlod i ate an adeli tioal 1000, Farme r reports. 40The Floridla Cattlemail

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What Is Genetics? (Coninued from pa1 26, S(0cnd( SeioI) iarictv is evolved. Under natural coniiitions the ncwC variety. or mutant type, may be so wel-adapted to local conditions that its offspring survive longer au11n1 out-numlber those of the older varietis Ah en tile "ill" of the ani als s 1lider the control of man lie speedily :11)p)reciates the greater usefullness of the 1ewk1 valrietv anld forces the rate of its lmltuiip] ication. Inl tile foreg10ing silitation, variation is bv chance but it may be brought about y wiiat is known as crossbreeding. Here, ill the beginning, are two organisms each of wilhich has uIIIits of ilnlheritaIcC received froi its parents. as they in turn received theil from their ancestors. 'File ran lge of variations is therefore restricted within eitlier variety. If11 now these more or kss unlike varieties are crossed, so that the germina l e ofC each niets and fuses with that of the other. the newly furtilized cell will contain uinUits of inheritace rom both varieties. This may give rise to a more or less (olllpletely 11w ralige of variation within which nattural conditions. or main, makes selection. Subsequently the selected types are variates or animals whil aIre different, are the direct result of the re-coibination of tiie Units of inheritance and that cha (nce alone controls tile recombinations. Selection is practice( after the variate is folrmlecd and it mlItipliCS or is nultiillied because it is an adval1tageous type. Major environmental effects serve to illiioduce the conception of what an aniiiiii looks like and of ]low it will Phrliolt11( artid -i'loly pe). Nendel's work anid the possibility of imtixed assortments of units of ilileritance were responsible For these imiost important conceptions. ille appearallce of all alinimal is the lesi of its heredity potential anid the I(hidition1s of feed' and manageinC t under whi icihI it was girwl. ThliC breedilig valune of tie saliC animal resides in tile InIatlIC of whatever samples of ulits of inheritance may iase 1 )ell in its geIllinal cells. Furthermore, the itly wtay to determine their nlature is to (aiv samples aindl to allow tire,,, to dVcelop as progeny. Iihese several theses (all now le caIried forward, as it were, and related i tleir application to animal breeding. Ihe first aiind possible the lost i11ilrtant is the estabisliient of an Ptimal association between animals and their environments. The heredity of the allinials provides certain potentials which la'y include tolerance of high atilospheric temperatures or an ability to do well on low levels of nutriment. Ask HARDEE COUNTY AUCTION MARKET We're Going to Market Brahmans from the Crescent F Ranch-like cattlemen and buyers from throughout peninsular Florida-appreciate the facilities of the Hardee County Livestock Market ...so much so that they scramble up the stairs just to see what's going on. If you haven't visited this market under the new management, plan to be there any Thursday. Registered Brahman cattle on display at all times. HARDEE COUNTY LIVESTOCK MARKET CRESCENT F RANCH RUSSELL FARMER WAUCHULA, FLA. FEEDS .ISISFASES .I RAINING .I' ITRY DAIRY .BEEF. .BRE; DING M .ECHANICS SHOWING. PARAsI [S.JUDIGING.M ITCER ING. BRONC 111 sI ING. ANAGEIENT .1HORSES Send Today For CODY PUBLICATIONS Satisfaction Descriptive I'lGuaranteed or Leaflet BOX 891, KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA Money Refunded for January, 1950 Second Section-41

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Here's what We're Working Toward miss Manatee Emperor 8th o Sh own aboe is I oliiiny Chaires and his Webster chamilpion junior liiift", Iiss U anat ee Emn'peror 8th, an example of wh i at we're working toward in our breeding piipratt. Iy Emp-ror jr. 8th, and out of Miss David's 13/ioc Bell. this fine calf is going to stay ill tie herd. But %se tio ]ae for sale at the fatn, one bull (alf by Aing Gradle/1 C> CHAIRES RANCH T. P. CHAIRES, JR., Owner Telephones 28-191 and 25-343 BRADENTON, FLA. Registered Brahmans Home of the $10,000 Brahman bull DIAMOND W EMPEROR JR. 4th R A N C H JAMES FARMS 5 Mies west of navic-15 Stes west of Ft. Lauderdale. just off State Highway 7 Phone 305 BARTOW, FLA. "MIKL" WEISS. Owvner C. ACHEMIRE, Mgr. Ranch looted two miles north on old Phone Ft. LrUderdale 2-3467 \Winter Haven road Pioneers In Bringing Top-Quality Brahman Bulls To Florida Service-Age Bulls, by Carload or Individuals Contact Wilbanks Brothers TAMPA, FLORIDA 42-Second Section They may also include intratability nlo the deposition of fat in carcases either as sclvi idge otmiatrbled throtghont the intsle. The first two have refereoc to the p-ittMary or ttattral environmet Sonic an itas. inotablv ZebUs amaoo, cattle. are tolcrant of high atmsospheric temperatures whilst others are more tolerant of these which are low. Thev owce these characteristiCs to their survival. or that of theit ancestors, ill either condition during tle millions of years wh-en natural slcction was cini tatinl animals withli did not have the appro priate tolerance. Intractability is a characteristic of the ocon (Iarty oteconmitc en vitrotnment is, to some extent, is the location of fattv deposits. Under extensive conditions of mianagernent where Zeis or their ercisse are allowed to graze at will over Iarge areas of country and seldoini miolcstel, they frequently become too intractahle. However, soie strains are less so than others and training can play a large part in maintainin g control of the atinimals. The loction of fatty deposits is also an interesting charactcristic. In the atnintmal ec(oionoty deposition of fat is the storage of energy sources which can be lrawn upon in times of poor fool supply. ilhe fatty humips of Zebtis aiinl of atiels and the fat tails and rumps of certain kinds of sheep are thus adaptations to steppe conditions where seasons of gra ss growstit are periodic atl reserves of ne-rgy itust be accumttllated against the cisoiiig coliditions of little available ittitrimient. It these respects ati ability to store fat ind so energy ii i adaptation to drought conditions. But tite requirements of modern cooking -ind consumption of tIeat demnsctd that iat should be deposited within and betwveen tile muscle bundles. Large, locl acumulatioiis of at, and a hsigh proportion of lean iieat within the iusde structure are viewed with disfavour Ibi the Meat mitdtustrv. Here then are the two characteristic, a fear (ontli Ilex and (I A (ttf01ati on of [at, which althougI optittal for survival under natural conditions are disadMitageoS for the secondary or economic etsvirontment. It is of more than passitg interest, therefore, to observe that )Oth characteristics can be niodified by Cinstructive breeding. They, among a host of others, are independently inIeritel characters for vhiich the units of iii heritatne can be re-arrattged and forced to, coibinte with new and different uits If iisttcc initrodu cedl h% ("Oi brecedlltg T~he second important imiplication Of partitilate inicrita lce is tite possibility lf' isolAting a Chatsri ctcristiC which tta\, be considered woithtiauit regard to thE tnitmal ais a whole. Colour presents all The Florida Cattle"n!"

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CsceInlit example. CuIrient advertisemjellt State, bMIy red %(.flis beCaLUS 0h0y ar, b Mtter milkers and more tractable tht:ttn others. This is not inc(essarily so. Gjen appropriatee Units of inheritance for red colorationn in iheir heredity. red(wiled animals canIl be propagated illtIfrititely without regard to their traitablttheir milking(apacity (ir other (11mr teristics. Furthermore, such un1its of heritance may ave been, imparted to :l11' "Itre-c-bred" Zebu which wsas prided ll> front one or other of the EIropeall breed with the possible exCeption of Aberdeen Angus. It is true that red is one of tle colours coollliyllv foitld aiong ;ir cattle. It mnay also he timt Girs are better milkers and more trimtAlle than Guizerats or Nellores. But red (oat olour is not restricted to Gir cttle. Coat colours, incdt(d1ing redi milkyield, pciettage of butter fat, tractabilitt nl a host of others are iore or less independently inherited characterss and sele(tionl for anys (foes not necessarily Illvolte selection for all. RefereclIce was made to progenv testing and1(i to its association with two coliceptimns, one of the appearancee or behaviour of the ainial and the other of its breedillg or genetic constitution. Selectioln cali be applied to either of these. Tius aniimals may he selected as breeders on their color. their conformation or on their performance. The last may le oil the race track, as milkers or as car:ases of beef ill which case the apprisAl is made o1 the out-turn of closely recited animals. oi the other hand worthwhile animals selected as stated Ima le mated with possibly 1o or 20 fi-les and filial judgement as to the relitive merits of tile sires may Ile deferred until their progeny are observed. The first is phen oty pic selection whikt the second is genlotypic. The difference bctweenl these two is Most important for the understanding l tie teciique of' mass selectionl aitd of Ilhe phecnomniton of' hiking. Th Ie ihenlt'\pe, i.e. the appearance oi perintltmllle of ai animintal, is the product of SIeredity alld of its e'v ironmietit Whiit 1118' include special feeding or ltsiloiig the results of which cal he Pss'd to progcnv ,y .Ie geiotype of all nillle1 is the nlatlIre of tile ulltits (if ilt1'1alnce it carries an(I repeat ted Iy Sitlnles sien \ eC1 ina ii'il el Is are formed. Tt' sittiplest instalite of parent pro nY tiferen)lces resnLtingl froll diiierecltes itl tie phellotype andI( genloty pe is black ,\iitdeetit n\llIls (attiC d c'Iiii teel jlies. el('re the parents looked blak but had a el 01 composition (apable of' giving( ted 0iisprling, .\i5 selt ,tiotn is (onini n ig io herds hrin ales and females are selected as to tpe and thieii thrown together for for Jltmuiry, 1950 See Our Herd v-Il Office Plitoie 7181 F lne Pihonel 7250 4S Net: R A N C H PAIIOKEE, FLA. Cleopatra will be sold at the OCALA BRAHMAN SALE This animal is typical of those produced by G. Philip Higdon AT SPRINGFIELD FARM Route 4, Charleston, S. C. Second Section-'43 As you may know, we have been active for two years in ptrchase of top Brliam cattle both at public auction and by private treaty. These cattle are thriving on our mucklamd pastures which provide year-round grazing which we believe is unexcelled anywhere in the World! Matred. pictured above, is a good example of the type of cattle which comprise oir herd. Come to see us when You're in the (olges. Roy Vaudegrift, AManager

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Brahman cattle are often ( cresdited by their ousners with extrcaordinaiy intelligence. Bahman rowts oned b y 1). D. Reid of Diamond R Ranch at Hastings are no exception, as usey cmts a-iunning at the otnier's call. blreeliig purposes. It is also ipractisetd whlei a giod ow is itiated with a good uill without aiiy knowledge ()f the pediglee iir earlier ollspriitg of either. (;enerally it prodlues Iairly speCedy results in the early stages of its application but there I ter thIte herd tends to remain oia about the satme level. Despite this. section oi appearance has its appropriate plate ill animal breeding. When at bull leaes better progeny Iromi partiCular cows or front cows havitag certain lines of blood lie is said to "nick" with themla. This inmay happen eveli whein the ows do not appear to be as g0d as others which leave inerior progeny by him. There are litcrally thousands of units of inheritance iiisolved and many possible totatbiinations. Pedigree appraisal is a form of genetic selet tioli. It estimates the genetic tintsitition of alt ainital front kitoiledge with respect to the breeding-worth of (lose ancestors. Inibreeditig is the itating of asimial.; inore tlosely related that the average of tile breed and it sainot ibe deliblrattely practised unless pedigrees oIr the breedilg io the alitials are known. Ht ter-tats ilne-breetling and inbreeding hae rtference to degrees :Ind to dirct ion. Generally line-breeding is less intense anIsd is directed to the use of a particular Nnimoal its the recurrent parent. THe idea behind either is concentration upon something whih is generally referred to as "blood" or a "blood line". Inbreeding produces its effects by building up frot repeated samples the worthwhile genetic constitution of the favoured anniial. Generally, however, it gives rise to loss of vigour, size and fertility. It is in somie respects like hard liquor. A little is good but ata overdose is poison. I however, that depends largely oil the quality of tile liquor antI again there is similaritv because the genetic (onstituttion of some animals is so good that inbreeding with or to them gives rise to no ill effects. The sililile an hea tarried still further. You caltot tell the quality of liquor until you have used it nor c alt vou determine the breeding worth of a bull until lie has left progeny. Nevertheless, if there is a wellknown maker's name ol thel bottle you calt take a chance oa the quality just as yoil can oil i animal by appraisal of its pedigree. A prepotent sire is usually otle in whih there has been some concentration of blood by iore oi less inbreeding. 'ihis is so general that it would be reas. oalbly trtle to state You cannOt have a prepotent sire which is not to some ex. tcnt inbred but you cannot develop prepotent sire IN inbreeding only. Pre. p)otcy1 \ imlust also be referred to the gciletiC constitution of the animal; this is suth that repeated samples, as germs Cells, are similar. Alternatively, the sin. ilarity may he with respect to particili units of, iniritaitte so, that a bull is prepotent with respect to this or that characteristic controlled by tile units of inheritanc lie supplies. Having reviewed these principles it i now appropriate to consider whether ass breeding sy stem or plan of procedure is more iir less likely to be successful. The first question here is, successful in what respect? Ilie answer will state an objet. tive which is the first requirement for any breeding plai. It imay be to es tablish a group of animals with charat teristics not iound in any other. This is going back to the beginning of thing. It states a problem which, as an ex. ample, iay le in tropical areas to which specialized European breeds are not well. adapted and in which indigenous breeds are not sulliciently productive. Altenatively, there may be a reasonable expectation of athievwig the objective by using cattle Iromt a breed which is already established in. the environment of the breeder and known to be well-adapted to it. If the first of these problems is to be attacked then the earliest procedure must have for its objective the building tp of anit aggregate of units of inheritance. At this stage the breeder's herd might be likened to a iheap of assorted lumber. Each piece of timber, i.e. each animal and its groups of (:1 a racter-con trolling genes, is as good as can he secured blt the heap is not yet a building. From this material the breeder proceeds to evoe his herd as the carpenter erects a building. He eventually finds an animal which fulfills all his reqUireients and lie wishes to make it his corner stone. Tlhena lae faces his greatest difficulty itl the relatively short remaining life of the animal after it has been thoroughly cs. ainiaed of itself and with respect to its progety. II practice so short a titte will remain for females that maales beome the focal point. Having secured a bull which satisfies the canditions the breeder must decide how to use him to the greatest advantage. Most cimionly this is done by uslint him extensively and by mating lhii witht his close relatives or with his OWt progenv. Genetically. the first causes the bull to leave the greatest possible number 01* samples of his heredity but each 'ititipile is adulterated by that of the bull's mnate. TYhe second proceduree at44--Second Section The Florida Cattlemall

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-~DANDELION'S DEUCE Reg. No. 4861. Sire: Dandelion. Dam: Miss Martin 66th. Half brother grand champion bull 1948, Grand Champion Bull at Webster 1948, Reserve Grand Champion 1948, 1949, member of winning get of sire 19481949. IN THE SOUTHEASTERN BRAHMAN SALE OCALA, FLORIDA January 17-20 9 1950 RED DICK'S McARTHUR Reg. No. 4O915Sire: Butler's Red Dick. Dam: Raider's Scarlet. (-~ RED DICK'S ARABELLA Reg. No. 6268,. Sire: Butler's Red I)jck. Darn: Miss Monarca 8oth. P'Isture exposed to one of our best red herd sires. B. D.'S QUEEN A. Reg. No. 62719. Sire: Grand Champ Blue Director. Dam: Grand Cliamp Queen A. Manso 20th. This cow is the daughter of one of our grand champion bulls bred to one of our grand chanapion cows. The most famous blood lines are combined in this superb animal. She has everything a quality cow can have. plus pasture exposure to our grand champion bull Moneymaker. This is the very first tinse we are offering an animal of sui potential for sale .only because the Sifting Committee talked us into it. R. G. "BOB" HERRMANN, Gen'l Mgr. Our Brand Box 1051, Phone 1551 Cable Address "Norca" OCALA, FLORIDA 12,-,000 ACRES DEVOTED TO BRAHMAN CATTLE RED DICK'S JOANNE Reg. No. 6,679. Siue: Butler's Red Dick. Dam: Miss Manso Return 2nd. Pasture exposed to one of our best red herd sires. .I A 41 ,1. -i,. 44 10r Jantuary, 1950 Second Section-45

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MANNI PARTINShow Champs At Kissimmee Valley Show Held on November 18-19 Cecil E. Whaley, Jr., shows chanmpion 4.11 entry in junior show; 65 animals entered in renewal of event at Kissinnee T these four animals were grand champions at the Kissimmsee Valley Livestock Show in Aovemnber. Left to right, top panel shoWs RexUiari's 27tth, grand champion femsale. and Miss Elephantus ImIwiato, reserve champion female, lower panel. Empirr return ist, grand chainpion ball. and Riley's Imiparistre, reserve champion ball. tempts to build I) the genotype of the favoured animal by concentrating the gieatest possible number of samples of his heredity in younger individuals: it is inslreediisg. Unfortuinately, most attempts at such (oncentrations have disclosed dcfrets in ite inbred progeny. However, it has been observed os several occasions that concentrations may lhe made up to a certain level with a high degree of ilipisniity with respect to such faults. Not ony is the lifetime of :s proven animal a serious limiting factor but the life of the herd. i.e. the effective working life of the breeder, is equally important. Lush states the average period (if time from birth to reproduction (one generation) us cattle to be four to five years. Experince has shown that at least 5 to 7 gesserations of onstructivc breeding are necessary before one can expect to iave evolved such a group of animals as has been eivisaged in the foregoing. Thus soiething in the order of jo years of herd life is necessary for a breeder to make ainy otstandisg contribution. Ftss-thernort, hIe requires all adequate 1snumiber ssf animials SO 1Mhat le IlMa Observe and examine the 1hereditv of his sinimals in parallel. that is, conidlst the examination of mnore thais one animal Or grot0p1i of animals at tie samile time Then. st the end of his own or of his son's life, he cast oily expect to, have achieved something of what he attempted. G. A%. MANN RANCH, Bartow, and Henry 0. Partin F, Sons, Kissimmee, shared purple ribbon honors in the Brahman classes at the sixth annual Kissimmee Valley Livestock show, held in the municipal airport in Kissimmee Nov. i9. Partin's Emperor Return ist, a two-yearold bull, and Mann's Rexmar's 270th, a senior yearling heifer, received grand champion awards from Dr. W. G. Kirk and Dr. R. S. Glasscock, extension animal husbandmen who judged the show. Reserve championships went to Mrs. Pat Johnston & Son, Kissimmee, on Riley's Imparistre, a senior yearling bull, and to Durrance Ranch, Brighton, on Miss Elephantius Jniperator, an aged cow. Although prize aloney was posted in complete classes for Aberdeen-Angns and Hereford cattle, no entries were received in these classes. In the division for grade cattle. Carroll Harris received a blue ribbon for his crossbred CharollaisBrahman senior bull calf, and Henry H. Partin Jr. received a blue ribbon for his grade Brah man junior lieifer call. Other exhibitors in the Brahman show include Polk Brahman Farms, who received 2 seconds and a third, W. H. Stuart. Bartow. (two firsts and a third), Billy Stuart, Bartow (one second and two fourths) Carroll Harris, Winter Haven f-H club boy (two thirds) L. S. Ci ,il F. IW'haley, Jr., of St. Cloud poses with Miss Preslado 7/I which lie showed to grand champion in the 1-JH division of the Kissimmee '/alley Show. Harris Ranch. Kissimmee (one second, one third), and Cecil E. Whaley, Jr, K issimmee Park (two fourths). In addition to their championships, Durrance and Johnston each received three firsts, a second and a third, Partin received two firsts, three seconds, and a fourth, while Mann received one first, two seconds, and a fourth. The 1949 Kissismmee show was open only to halterbroken cattle for the first time in its history. County Agent J. R. Gun was superintendent of the show, which was sponsored by local cattlemen's groUps and chambers of commerce in co operation with the state department of agriculture and extension services. Clerk. ing the event. was A. B. Alford of the Atlantic Coast Line. Winners, listed in order by classes, were: Mature bulls-Eiteror Reirn st (grand champion) .Partin; Rex 5 Is Cr, Nfann; Senior yearling tssts-Ritev's Imparistre 600 (reserve champion), Johnston; Bit)'s Imperator, Billy Stuart: Sir Aristo Imperator, W. H. Start; Emperor' s Resoto Nianso 800, Pariin: Junior yertling buls-imalaya Emperor 889, Partin; Dixie Manso, Polk Brahman Farms; Senior hnl It akss-K ing 5Inperator, Durraice; t'niiaiio Jr. 7ith, tohnistons; fIrvatt's Red, H-arris; Rexnar Jr., Mann: Junior hanll iase-lorida King Imperator, W. ii. Stnart; FrNat5's Rex, L. S. Harris: DR Blue Nta nso, Dtlrance: Prestado Jr. 8, Whaley; Aged coss-Miss Elephantis Imperator (reserve tiarpin). ti rain; ieror's Lady Resol, t'astin; Mtiss N ita Manso, Johtsioii; Nfatnre sei fers-Princess Ponciano, Johnston; M8 Eiperor liialaya. Martin; Senior yearling heifers-Rexmar's 270th (grand rlampion) Mann; 45th LadN Imparistre, PartiD: Ella Manso, L. S. Harris; Roth Manana, Billy Stuart; Jo ui or Nearling hieifersMtiss Emperor Nilt Atanso. Jotnston; Dixie Qauen, Polk Brahma Farms; Senior heifer (ahes-Lady Hopkins 1000, Dur ran e: QUeen Rex Imperasor, Mann; Lady Re Careoll Harris; Miss Prestado 7th, Whales; junior heifer catses-Miss Aristo Imperator, W Ht. Stuart; Bloe Mansila, Durrance; Lad% Sunpitr, Folk Bra55 man Farms; LIady Sadoc i7th, Whaley. 'IrE IAGNOSIS Of worms in livestock call be made in most instances without 1 post mortem. A small amount of their droppings taken to your Veterinarians office can be examined microscopicalI4 and the eggs of the worms found. Dif ferent species of worms often require different medication. The Florida Cattleme" 46-Seconid Section

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BRAHMANS and CROSSES .are available for you at all times at Sugarland Ranch, operated by the Sugar Company, as well as registered Hereford, Angus and Shorthorn bulls of breeding age, bred and raised in Florida. Our registered and unregistered Brahman yearling bulls and bull calves are by such bulls as Albacrata, Jr., pictured below, and Harry's Son, pictured at right. Our Brahmans are gentle and we will contract for one or a carload of gentle and halter-broken bull calves for delivery at weaning age or as yearlings. Brangus, Braford and Brahorn bull calves produced at Sugarland are by registered bulls out of registered cows. The ranch is located on U. S. 27 one mile west of Clewiston. Florida High-Protein Cane Feeding Molasses l2IFEDING NIOLASSES to raIInge (al'litoild in i iee I ay fop fitli il cost of stidh feeding: (1) Increase i p)otnds of' beel'; (2) IniCreas( ini pri((' pe Ihundrleiwighii, due to e\1tr Ilesho ing and r-esolta it lighero gradinlg; (3) tcriase ill perlceitage of (all, to'0: (4) Extr-a Xwighlt of* caaks :11 Iwcaning a1ge, doc to kn)rovted condition of dains tnld intcased iiilk flow. Contact otr salos departninent for prices and partictilars. U. S. SUGAR CORP. Clewiston, Florida WHAT'S IN A BULL? Well, Santiago (left) has produced a $500 calf, Mansita's Santiago at six hours old (right), a $1000 calf, Santiago's Lady Phleugar. at eight months old (second from right), a $2000 calf, Santiago's Independence, also at eight months of age (third from right). Now for sale is San Bonita, second from left, another outstanding son of Santiago. WHY DON'T YOU INVEST IN A REALLY TOP BULL? c-over Lap kancA SARASOTA, FLA. RFD 2 e W. W. Stockbridge and S. R. Blackwell e PHONE 70-121 RANCH LOCATED SIX MILES EAST OF SARASOTA ON FR U tTVI LLE H IGHW A Y /Or January, 1950 Second Section-47

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FRYATT, P.H. 966/1, ABB A 15163 calved Jan. 16,1943, is by i Manso Jr. (1173) and out of Little Kooncie (4431). We regard 5 hint as one of the outstanding proven herd sires of the Brahmian breed. Our Offering at The Ocala Sale. q TIPPU'S PRINCESS NO. 324 (324-66314) sells bred to the service of Fryatt (above). A Feb ruary, 1948 heifer, she is an animal we are proud to offer at Ocala. Tippu's Princess No. 324 is pictured at right. TIP (18-26689) affords an excellent opportunity for some breeder to invest in a good proven herd sire. Tracing to Maroto through Flat Top, he is well-bred as well as well-behaved. UNNAMED 240 BULL L. S. HARRIS RANCH1 Ranch at Kissimmee Mailing Address 410 Orange Asenue (Phone 411) Bartow., Fla. The Florida Cattleman 48--Sceond Section


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