Citation
Animas River Recreation Village

Material Information

Title:
Animas River Recreation Village a recreational masterplan along the San Juan Mountain Range
Creator:
Zito, Christopher ( author )
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource (77 pages) : illustrations ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Animas River -- trail network -- river access -- parks + recreation
Landscape Architecture capstone project, B.L.A

Notes

Abstract:
Project vision: The Animas River Recreation Village in Durango will generate various opportunities with the use of natural elements to protect the river's most prominent features. The vision offers a broad range of recreational activities, public greenways, and a multi-modal transportation network that will allow visitors and the residents of Durango to directly connect to the Animas River. This vision also provides a comprehensive mix of amenities, facilities, and a variety of park types that directly connect to the Animas River Trail. While this vision primarily focuses on a recreational standpoint along the Animas River, these improvements will establish fundamental principles that are ecologically sensitive, naturally creating improvements for local habitats. It also establishes basic principles that will serve as a catalyst for future investments and new development in surrounding communities along the river. The project vision + intent within the Animas River Recreation Village Plan evolve from comparing and analyzing several community elements including: the cultural and demographic makeup of Durango residents, future land use, recreation and program inventory, and future growth areas. The goals of this project primarily focus within these three areas: Trail Network, River Access, and Parks + Recreation
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
General Note:
landscape architecture capstone project
Statement of Responsibility:
by Christopher Zito.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright creator. Permission granted to the University of Florida to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
035647014 ( ALEPH )
Classification:
LD1780.1 2017 ( lcc )

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Christopher Zito University of Florida Senior Capstone Project Spring 2017 Animas River Recreation village: A recreational Masterplan along the san juan mountain range

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3 Animas River Recreational Plan Prepared For: Senior Capstone Project Department of Landscape Architecture University of Florida Prepared By: Christopher Zito Department of Landscape Architecture College of Design, Construction, and Planning University of Florida Spring 2017 Faculty Advisor: Les Lester Department of Landscape Architecture

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5 Acknowledgments Family Faculty STUDIO I would like to express my very great appreciation to Prof. Linscott for his valuable and constructive suggestions during the planning and development of this capstone project. His willingness to give his time so generously has been very much appreciated. I also would like to thank the rest of the University of Floridas landscape archi tecture faculty for an their extraordinary support and guidance throughout the years I have spent at the University of Florida. I would also like to extend my thanks to Designscapes Colorado for an amazing, educational internship experience during my 4th year as an undergraduate. I wish to acknowledge the support my parents for giving me the valuable guidance and opportunity to reach my highest potential in education. Lastly, I would like to thank all of my studio friends for their collaboration throughout the years. These last four years have been the most challenging and rewarding years Ive overcome and you all have

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7 Contents Introduction Location map Background goals and objectives Major Issues Goals + Intent research + Case Studies Site analysis Contextual Analysis site synthesis Access synthesis Recreational synthesis TRAIL NETWORK RIVER ACCESS PARKS + RECREATION CONCLUSION Works Cited + Appendix 8 15 17 27 41 47 55 63 73 74

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8 The River Animas River El Ro de las animas (River of souls) This river currently passes through 12 public parks, through downtown Durango and serves as a valuable amenity for residents and visitors of Durango. The proximity of the river to Downtown Durango greatly contributes to the culture and and many more river activities. The Town Durango is located in the southwestern region of Colorado in the La Plata County and was primarily founded to serve the San Juan mining district. Due to high success rates of mining silver and gold in the mountains, this resulted in settlement of mining towns such as Silverton, 50 miles north of Durango. In 1880, The Denver and Rio Grande Rail road Company invested in the land of Durango for its abundant supply of water and coal for operating the smelters to mine these valuable metals. After a few decades of success in the mining industry, Durango became home for thousands of workers and a vacation destination for people all over the country. With the creation of the San Juan National Forest in 1905 and the Mesa Verde National Park in 1906, Durango became a recreational haven for nature enthusiasts, athletes, and thrill seekers. durango background INTRODUCTION Durango, Colorado Historical Mining District 2016 Population: 18,035 Demographics

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9 Durango, Colorado Historical Mining District 2016 Population: 18,035 Demographics Historic Train District The Animas River Recreation Village in Durango will generate various opportunities for the use range of recreational activities, public greenways, and a multi-modal transportation network that will allow visitors and the residents of Durango to directly connect to the Animas River. This vision also provides a comprehensive mix of amenities, facilities, and a variety of park types that directly connect to the Animas River Trail.

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11 PROJECT VISION The Animas River Recreation Village in Durango will generate various opportunities with the use of natural elements to protect the transportation network that will allow visitors and the residents of Durango to directly connect to the Animas River. This vision also provides a comprehensive mix of amenities, facilities, and a variety of park types that directly connect to the Animas River Trail. While this vision primarily focuses on a recreational standpoint along the Animas River, these improvements will establish fundamental principles that are ecologically sensitive, naturally creating improvements for local habitats. It also establishes basic principles that will serve as a catalyst for future investments and new development in surrounding communities along the river. The project vision + intent within the Animas River Recreation Village Plan evolve from comparing and analyzing several community elements including: the cultural and demographic makeup of Durango residents, future land use, recreation and program inventory, and future growth areas. The goals of this project primarily focus within these three areas: Trail Network, River Access, and Parks + Recreation

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12 Location map INTRODUCTION DURANGO, COLORADO Animas River Recreation Village

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13 the site INTRODUCTION Durango, Colorado The project planning area includes an approximate 0.25mile wide corridor along the 8-mile stretch of the Animas River within the city limits of Durango.This planning process will include a comprehensive mix of amenities and recreational programs that utilizes the existing infrastructure of the Animas River Trail (ART) The Animas River Trail The Animas River Trail is a recreational trail as well as an important component of the citys transportation network. The ART is used extensively by Durango residents and visitors and is consistently rated as one of Durangos top amenities. It is approximately 6.5 miles in length and is a hard surface shared-use path that serves as the center spine of Durangos overall circulation network. It currently connects to a variety of existing amenities along the river such as the community center, the public library, and city parks.

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14 1) Limited Public Access River Access Trail Connectivity Park Connectivity 2) Lacking Facilities/ Amenities for Recreational Activities Limited Corridor and Trail System Limited public park space Linkage between existing public parks & green spaces 3) Lacking a Cohesive Circulation Network -Weak connection between the Animas River Trail and public natural trails -Lacking multi-use trails or shared lanes within the downtown area -Limited connection to downtown Durango MAJOR ISSUES INTRODUCTION The Situation Due to the growing population in Durango, the main amenities in Durango are becoming over plaints from residents are being made more frequently. As a result, several areas along the river are considered hazardous and reduce the quality of the recreational experience. The purpose of this project, Animas River Recreation Village, aims to recognize the river as a valuable amenity and explore the ways that public space can contribute to the recreational aspect of the river. As a landscape architect, I will provide various opportunities for multi-use trails, recre ational activities, and easy access to the river to contribute to a healthy living and quality experiences interacting with the river while preserving the culture and history of Durango.

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15 GOALS & OBJECTIVES INTRODUCTION Improve Public Access to the Animas River + Improve existing and develop new access points that provide a park-like setting with various amenities. + Creating formalized access points within the corridor to reduce congestion and promote safety. Provide Quality Multi-Use Recreational Facilities + Identifying lacking facilities and location of proposed facilities. + Establish several destination areas with amenities. + Providing in-stream and shore-line recreation Increase Multi-Modal Relationships + Enhance connectivity of parks and open space through the trail system. + Integrating the natural surface trails with the paved surface trails + Create an interconnected, safe transportation network that directly relates to the Animas River Trail and existing parks and trails SUMMARY The 3 areas I will focus primarily on are as follows: Circulation Network: Provide connections between existing and proposed transportation that create a fully-connected transportation network. River Access Points: Connecting people to the river Parks & Recreation: Provide destinations between existing and proposed multi-functional parks for community gatherings and activities

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17 research & case studies

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18 Arkansas river CASE STUDIES DESCRIPTIONTULSA COUNTY, AK The Arkansas River Recreational Improvements Plan is to identify current and future community needs based on changes in the community and park system since the last plan. Population growth, changing recreation trends, and development of new parks have increased demands for an im proved Recreational Masterplan. The Mission is to promote a full range of recreational amenities and programs that enrich the quality of life for all residents and visitors. OBJECTIVES +Identify community needs +Development of a new park system, renovation of existing parks +Improve water quality +Enhancing recreation opportunities +Preservation of natural areas, trails, and recreation facilities

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19 jordan river parkway trail CASE STUDIES DESCRIPTIONSALT LAKE CITY, UT This River Parkway MasterPlan is located in a highly urbanized area of Utah and features a high demand for recreational uses along the river. This trails plan encourages people to interact with the river but also has a major focus on preserving its valued qualities. The preservation of these natural resources are vital for the Jordan River. OBJECTIVES + Provide adequate public access to the Jordan River Trail, both surface and Water +Preserve open and natural areas +Close gaps to provide a continuous trail system http://www.onlyinyourstate.com/arkansas/remote-boxley-valley-ar/

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20 ESTES NATIONAL PARK CASE STUDIES DESCRIPTIONESTES PARK, CO +Identify community needs +Development of a new park system, renovation of existing parks +Improve water quality +Enhancing recreation opportunities +Preservation of natural areas, trails, and recreation facilities

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21 Van Buren River DESCRIPTIONVAN BUREN, AK The City of Van Buren River Master Plan has a vision to preserve the historical context, green space, and enjoys outstanding recreational opportunities. current and future community needs based on changes in the community and park system since the last plan. Population growth, changing Lessons learned + PRORAGIS(Parks and Recreation Operating Ratio & Geographic Information System) +Enhancement of historical assets of the community dafd OBJECTIVES + Maintain and enhance City park and recreation assets + Enhance the Citys arts, cultural, and historical assets + Connect the community with t rails, walkways, and bike ways CASE STUDIES

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23 Forrest park CASE STUDIES OBJECTIVES +Multiple modes of transportation +Unique ways to access the river +Connection to nearby cities +Enhancing recreation opportunities +Preservation of natural areas +Create walkable and mixed-use recreational amenities in compact areas. River access Kayak launch Boardwalk Bird viewing areas Designed by Sasaki Associates, Inc.

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25 that occur throughout the year. that occur along the river. and tubers. These recreational activities occur generally year round, with peak use occurring in June, July, and August. conflict matrix RESEARCH

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27 Site Analysis

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28 Contextual inventory SITE ANALYSIS LAND USE ROAD NETWORK

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29 T O CO R TEZ T O L AKE NIGHTHO RSE L AKE NIGHTHO RSE HO RSE GUL CH HILL CREST GO LF CO URSE RIVERVIEW SPO R T S CO M PL EX FO R T L EWIS CO LL EGE DURANGO M O UNT AIN P ARK DALL A M O UNT AIN P ARK ANIM A S M O UNT AIN SM EL TER M O UNT AIN THE HO GBACK B O DO INDUSTRIAL P ARK DOWN TOWN DURA N GO GREENMO UNT CEM ET AR Y SKA TE P ARK DURANGO HIGH SCHO O L RECREA TIO N CENTER ANIM A S M USEUM PEDESTRIAN NODES EXISTING TRAIL NETWORK RIVER ACCESS BOAT RAMPS PUBLIC PARKS SLOPE ANALYSIS

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30 Runner Hiker Camper Biker Leisur e Park Fr eeRider Bir ding Dog Owner Boater Fishermen Kayaker T uber/ Rafter Long distance bike touring, Day T rippers, rigor ous mountain biking on unpaved trails, long distance hikers. This gr oup consists of users that ar e seeking intense excer cising activities specifically for health benefits. Day or Half-day bikers and hikers seeking natural, cultural/historical or social experiences. This gr oup consists of users such as dog owners, bir d watchers, and people that ar e inter ested in the history natur e, etc. in a specific ar ea. Boaters, fishermen, rafters, and kayakers that seek experiences along the Animas river This gr oup consists of people that ar e utilizing the river s on and of f str eam r ecr eational facilities. A B C ACTIVE user types SITE ANALYSIS

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32 Runner Hiker Camper Biker Leisur e Park Fr eeRider Bir ding Dog Owner Boater Fishermen Kayaker T uber/ Rafter Long distance bike touring, Day T rippers, rigor ous mountain biking on unpaved trails, long distance hikers. This gr oup consists of users that ar e seeking intense excer cising activities specifically for health benefits. Day or Half-day bikers and hikers seeking natural, cultural/historical or social experiences. This gr oup consists of users such as dog owners, bir d watchers, and people that ar e inter ested in the history natur e, etc. in a specific ar ea. Boaters, fishermen, rafters, and kayakers that seek experiences along the Animas river This gr oup consists of people that ar e utilizing the river s on and of f str eam r ecr eational facilities. A B C PASSIVE user types SITE ANALYSIS

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34 Runner Hiker Camper Biker Leisur e Park Fr eeRider Bir ding Dog Owner Boater Fishermen Kayaker T uber/ Rafter Long distance bike touring, Day T rippers, rigor ous mountain biking on unpaved trails, long distance hikers. This gr oup consists of users that ar e seeking intense excer cising activities specifically for health benefits. Day or Half-day bikers and hikers seeking natural, cultural/historical or social experiences. This gr oup consists of users such as dog owners, bir d watchers, and people that ar e inter ested in the history natur e, etc. in a specific ar ea. Boaters, fishermen, rafters, and kayakers that seek experiences along the Animas river This gr oup consists of people that ar e utilizing the river s on and of f str eam r ecr eational facilities. A B C WATERBASED user types SITE ANALYSIS

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35 Runner Hiker Camper Biker Leisur e Park Fr eeRider Bir ding Dog Owner Boater Fishermen Kayaker T uber/ Rafter Long distance bike touring, Day T rippers, rigor ous mountain biking on unpaved trails, long distance hikers. This gr oup consists of users that ar e seeking intense excer cising activities specifically for health benefits. Day or Half-day bikers and hikers seeking natural, cultural/historical or social experiences. This gr oup consists of users such as dog owners, bir d watchers, and people that ar e inter ested in the history natur e, etc. in a specific ar ea. Boaters, fishermen, rafters, and kayakers that seek experiences along the Animas river This gr oup consists of people that ar e utilizing the river s on and of f str eam r ecr eational facilities. A B C

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36 CONFLICT BETWEEN USERS SITE ANALYSIS Runner Hiker Camper Biker Leisur e Park Fr eeRider Bir ding Dog Owner Boater Fishermen Kayaker T uber/ Rafter Long distance bike touring, Day T rippers, rigor ous mountain biking on unpaved trails, long distance hikers. This gr oup consists of users that ar e seeking intense excer cising activities specifically for health benefits. Day or Half-day bikers and hikers seeking natural, cultural/historical or social experiences. This gr oup consists of users such as dog owners, bir d watchers, and people that ar e inter ested in the history natur e, etc. in a specific ar ea. Boaters, fishermen, rafters, and kayakers that seek experiences along the Animas river This gr oup consists of people that ar e utilizing the river s on and of f str eam r ecr eational facilities. A B C Areas of Conflict of InterestThese areas have high level of traffic in all 3 user types

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37 Runner Hiker Camper Biker Leisur e Park Fr eeRider Bir ding Dog Owner Boater Fishermen Kayaker T uber/ Rafter Long distance bike touring, Day T rippers, rigor ous mountain biking on unpaved trails, long distance hikers. This gr oup consists of users that ar e seeking intense excer cising activities specifically for health benefits. Day or Half-day bikers and hikers seeking natural, cultural/historical or social experiences. This gr oup consists of users such as dog owners, bir d watchers, and people that ar e inter ested in the history natur e, etc. in a specific ar ea. Boaters, fishermen, rafters, and kayakers that seek experiences along the Animas river This gr oup consists of people that ar e utilizing the river s on and of f str eam r ecr eational facilities. A B C Areas of Conflict of InterestThese areas have high level of traffic in all 3 user types SITE ANALYSIS CONFLICT BETWEEN USERS

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39 ACCESS & recreation larity and its potential to become a special destination. This area has the closest proximity to downtown and can alleviate the congestion of recreational activities in other areas of the river train crossings allowed me to analyze the downtown sector to set up design guidelines for recreational spaces along the river. SITE ANALYSIS Existing Pedestrian Bridges Gold Medal Trout Fishing Zone Historic Train Museum Train Crossing Positive Views of Smelter Mountain Boat/ Kayak Ramp LEGEND 0 75 150 225

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41 Site synthesis Analyzing the site for recreational purposes brought up 2 important factors that land use and access to the river. Land use is important because it is critical to look for opportunities and constraints within the land use for certain recreational activities. Synthesizing the access to the river is also very important for design guidelines for recreational activities.

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42 LAND USE SITE SYNTHESIS RESIDENTIAL RETAIL WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Negative odor that needs to be addressed + Opportunity for screening EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES + Opportunity to attract young recreational users to the site + Possibility for extension of educational facilities. HISTORIC RAILROAD MUSEUM + Destination area that can increase social interaction through adjacent public spaces. PARKING Visual Barrier for water based users STEEP SLOPES + Opportunity to create dynamic public spaces with changes in elevation +Astonishing views of Smelter Mountain ESTABLISHED PUBLIC PARKS + Need to increase connectivity between open green spaces and established parks + Opportunity to expand recreational activities beyond public parks OPEN SPACE + Flexibility of creating recreational spaces to meet the higher demand as population increases + Opportunity to interact with the river 0 75 150 225

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43 RESIDENTIAL RETAIL WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Negative odor that needs to be addressed + Opportunity for screening EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES + Opportunity to attract young recreational users to the site + Possibility for extension of educational facilities. HISTORIC RAILROAD MUSEUM + Destination area that can increase social interaction through adjacent public spaces. PARKING Visual Barrier for water based users STEEP SLOPES + Opportunity to create dynamic public spaces with changes in elevation +Astonishing views of Smelter Mountain ESTABLISHED PUBLIC PARKS + Need to increase connectivity between open green spaces and established parks + Opportunity to expand recreational activities beyond public parks OPEN SPACE + Flexibility of creating recreational spaces to meet the higher demand as population increases + Opportunity to interact with the river ACCESS & RECREATION SITE SYNTHESIS EXISTING PEDESTRIAN BRIDGES + Allows access from both sides of the river + Opportunity to invite users from the downtown area MOUNTAINOUS VIEWS + Positive views of dynamic elevation changes + Opportunity for event space such as an amphitheater COMPACT SPACE ALONG MAJOR HIGHWAY + Lacking safety & noise barrier between Highway 160 and Animas River Trail + Disconnect between opposing sides of the river MAJOR INTERSECTION OF TRANSPORTATION NETWORK + Potential social nodes with major destinations CONFLICT AREAS BETWEEN WATER BASED USERS Congestion between kayak and boat users Overpopulated access points reduce quality of experience 0 75 150 225

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44 site images SITE INVENTORY

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45 Site images SITE ANALYSIS

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47 CIrculation Network Provide an interconnected trail network that serves as an amenity for all types of users. Utilizing the Animas River Trail (ART) as the backbone of trail net work, this proposed masterplan features destination trailheads for trail users to rest, relax and enjoy the mountainous scenery

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48 Trails inventory CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Main Hiking Trails Opportunity for Trail Connection Downtown Connection to Trail-heads Slope Analysis

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49 Trails MASTER PLAN CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Important connections between proposed trails and the Animas River Trail Proposed Trail Network Designated Bike Lanes Animas River Trail Natural Surface Trails

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50 Important connections between proposed trails and the Animas River Trail Proposed Trail Network Designated Bike Lanes Animas River Trail Natural Surface Trails

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51 Trailhead Enlargement CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Open Lawn Open Lawn Parking Pedestrian Bridge River Terrace Welcoming Center Plaza Connection to A.R.T River Boardwalk Scale: 1 = 50

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52 Before

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Pedestrian Bridge Viewing Terrace Riverside Boardwalk After

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55 River Access This section provides design guidelines for various access points along the Animas River. These principle guidelines can act as a catalyst to ensure functionality and a quality experi ence for any recreational activity dealing with the river.

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56 CONCEPTUAL DESIGN 1. State Road 160 +Proximity to Downtown +Lots of Open Space Minimal Safety Barrier -Lacking Noise Barrier

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57 Lacking safety and noise barrier No access to water Fishing Dock Open Seating Area +Distant relationship between users +No direct access to water +Lacking shade site conditions Before After CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Active User Path Highway 160 Riverfront Walk Shared Multi-Use Path Scale: 1 = 20

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58 CONCEPTUAL DESIGN 2. Rosa Avenue +Proximity to Downtown +Existing Trail Infrastructure -Informal Parking Minimal Shade

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59 +Distant relationship between users +No direct access to water +Lacking recreational activities +Informal parking +Limited space +Minimal shade +Formalized parking lot/ with shade +Direct access to river +Kayak launch +Fishing Dock + Kayak entrance area / Dock + Designated space for rafters to avoid +Existing Animas River Trail +Seating areas with shade +Minimal shade site conditions CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Before After

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60 Character Imagery CONCEPTUAL DESIGN

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61 2. ROSA AVE. & W. 9TH ST. ACCESS point CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Program + 31 Parking Spaces + Bathroom Facility + Natural Beach Access + Kayak Launch/ Dock + Picnic Pavilion + Bike Racks Natural Beach Bathroom Resurface Existing Trail Rosa Ave. Bike Racks W. 9th Ave Entryway 31 Parking Spaces Picnic Pavilions Kayak Launch 0 10 20 30 Scale: 1 = 20

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63 Parks + Recreation Animas River PArk The Parks + Recreation section of this project will generate various oppor tunities for the use of natural elements to protect the rivers most prominent activities, public greenways, and interesting gathering spaces that will allow visitors and the residents of Durango to directly connect to the Animas River.

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64 15.0 Acres Site Location Animas River Park Site Location Downtown Durango

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65 Animas River Park CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Strengths Opportunities Weaknesses Threats + Centrally located +Existing park infrastructure (Santa Rita Park) + US 160 accessibility +Downtown Durango proximity with access from Animas River Trail +Large open space for additional recreational activities +Positive views of the mountain + Provide space for community events, shows, and races + Provide dynamic space using existing topography +Create various social gathering spaces to alleviate + Provide access to the west side of the Animas River +Create separate lane for bicycles to reduce congestion +Realign the Animas River Trail to separate walker/ joggers and bicyclists. +Provide shoreline access for swimmers + Site is undeveloped, clean slate boaters at access point -Lack of bicycle parking Lack of changing rooms/ outdoor showers Minimal canopy for shade Limited vehicular parking Limited access to river Negative odors from waste water plant Limited shelter/ picnic areas Roadway noise from Highway 160 barrier -Erosion of existing riparian areas and boat ramps Site Conditions Open Space Highway 160 River Access Existing Viewpoints Waste Water Management Parking Boat Ramp Santa Rita Park Historic Train Museum Residential Housing Site Location 0 75 150 225

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66 Animas River Park Final Conceptual Diagram CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Passive Recreation Open Lawn for picnics and BBQ spaces Fish Cleaning Station Circulation Walking Trail Exercise Circuit Active Recreation Open Lawns Playgrounds Athletic Fields River Access Access to riverPaths to approach the river Places to observe and feel the waterDocks Boat Ramp Social Interaction Amphitheater for events Food Vending Educational Pavilions Open Space Parking River Access Active Passive Social Active Entry Entry Open Space

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67 Animas River Park CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Athletic Field Kayak Storage Basketball Tennis 70 Parking Spaces Open Lawn Boat Parking Exercise Circuit Playground Amphitheater Terrace Seating Bridge Stage Animas River Shoreline Access Dock Picnic/ BBQ Area Pergola New Road Program + 80 Parking Spaces + Boat Parking + Bathroom Facility + Shoreline Access + Fishing Dock + Picnic Pavilion + Athletic Field +Tennis Court/ Basketball Court +Amphitheater Playground +Exercise Circuit Masterplan 16.0 Acres 0 75 150 225 Scale: 1 = 50

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69 Scale: 1 = 50 Playground Exercise Circuit Athletic Field Welcoming Center Stage Picnic Area Pedestrian Bridge Amphitheater Vehicular Parking 0 25 50 75

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CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Perspective Before

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71 PerspectiveAfter CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Viewing Dock Boardwalk to Downtown Viewing Terrace Garden Animas River New Trail

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73 CONCLUSION 1) Circulation Network 2) Access Points 3) Parks & Recreation As an aspiring landscape architect the Animas River Recreation Village will successfully resolve the current issues of a lacking transportation network, and limited river access points by providing direct connection in the trail network, introducing interesting ways to interact with the river, and providing multiuse recreation areas promoting a healthy living and quality experiences along the river. FINAL REMARKS

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74 WORKS CITED REFERENCES History Durango, Colorado Animas River Improvements. http://www.durangogov.org/index.aspx?NID=274 Falquez, Jose. Recreational Trails and Trailheads Powerpoint University of Florida, Environmental Design Linscott, Les. Interpretative Planning Guide : Apalachee Scenic Byway Project University of Florida : Landscape Architecture Linscott, Les. Scales of Concern & Trail Networks University of Florida : Landscape Architecture Durango Community Input On Recreational Activites. http://www.durangogov.org/DocumentCenter/View/185 City of Durango: Animas River Recreation Improvments. http://www.durangogov.org/DocumentCenter/View/1749 Case Studies San Antonio River Design Guidelines by SWA Group Inc. Arkansas River Improvements. http://riverprojectstulsa.info/index.php/the-arkansas-river-corridor-master-plan https://www.northcountryrivers.com/wp-content/themes/northcountryrivers/images/maine-white-water-rafting.png (White Water Rafting, Pg. 8) http://buenavistaco.gov/2160/Parks-and-Facilities (Water feature, Pg. 8 ) https://www.hinzie.com/writer/media/image/58491_max.jpg (River Single Tube Rafting (Pg. 8) https://www.pinterest.com/pin/576390452283813180/ (Kayak launch, Pg.8) https://www.pinterest.com/pin/297237644141799853/ (Mountain biking, Pg.8) http://buenavistaco.gov/ImageRepository/Document?documentID=354 (River walk, Pg. 8) http://www.sasaki.com/project/383/forest-city-master-plan/ (Sasaki Associates, 4 Images, Pg. 9) Maps http://cityofdurango.maps.arcgis.com/apps/Viewer/index.html?appid=23035c8f75204425bae6d3a2718636aD (ArcGIS Mapping software, Durango Trails 2016, Pg. 15) http://co-durango.civicplus.com/index.aspx?NID=622 (SmartTrail Connection) http://co-durango.civicplus.com/DocumentCenter/View/33 (Animas River Trail Map, Background) https://snazzymaps.com/style/91527/durango (Base Map Durango, Site Analysis and Site Synthesis) Google Maps, 2017. (Aerial, Base maps, Location maps)

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75 Appendix REFERENCES Images Project Background http://www.durango.org/gallery (Durango train tracks, Pg. 8-9) http://www.durango.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/strater2-800.jpg (Downtown Durango, Pg. 10) https://s3.amazonaws.com/virginiablog/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/07123438/newriver.jpg (Kayaker, Pg.14) http://www.durango.org/gallery (Scenery, Pg. 16) https://nextstl.com/wp-content/uploads/20656737584_08ccee7b6e_c.jpg (Multi-use path, Pg. 6) https://cdn.shutterstock.com/shutterstock/videos/7117078/thumb/1.jpg (People in a park, Pg.6) https://www.pinterest.com/pin/525936062718372692/ (Smokey trees, Pg.6-7) Case Studies https://www.northcountryrivers.com/wp-content/themes/northcountryrivers/images/maine-white-water-rafting.png (White Water Rafting, Pg. 22) http://buenavistaco.gov/2160/Parks-and-Facilities (Water feature, Pg. 21) https://www.hinzie.com/writer/media/image/58491_max.jpg (River Single Tube Rafting Pg. 22) https://www.pinterest.com/pin/576390452283813180/ (Kayak launch, Pg. 20) https://www.pinterest.com/pin/297237644141799853/ (Mountain biking, Pg. 22) http://buenavistaco.gov/ImageRepository/Document?documentID=354 (River walk, Pg. 21) http://www.sasaki.com/project/383/forest-city-master-plan/ (Sasaki Associates, 4 Images, Pg. 23) Site Analysis http://www.onlyinyourstate.com/arkansas/remote-boxley-valley-ar/ (Natural Surface Trail, Pg.40) Google Earth Imagery 2017 (3 Images, Animas River, Pg. 44) http://www.durango.org/gallery (Durango Train Ride, Pg. 45) http://www.durango.org/gallery (Tubing down the river, Pg. 45) Trails Network https://www.pinterest.com/pin/1196337375270755/ (Natural Surface Trail, Pg. 20) Google Earth Imagery (Bridge perspective, Pg. 23) http://www.durango.org/gallery (Scenery, Pg. 38) River Access http://wowtastic-nature.tumblr.com/post/103274259564/twin-peaks-by-matt-lichy-on-500pxcom-original (River, Pg.58-59) Google Earth Imagery 2017 (SR 160 Access Point, 4 Images, Pg.60) Google Earth Imagery 2017 (Roas Park Avenue Access Point, 5 Images Pg. 60) Parks + Recreation http://68.media.tumblr.com/47c3569d89ad90872986eef016023802/tumblr_n5vtvqdDoA1tq7o0to1_1280.jpg (Overlooking Durango, Pg. 67) https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/8c/de/4d/8cde4d7cdfa3f54c0e4ac624ed041bf5.jpg (Grassy Amphitheater, Pg. 69) https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/7e/d9/45/7ed94548ab76d5624ad749c812455a2b.jpg (Picnic Shelter, Pg. 69) Google Earth Imagery (Access Point, Pg. 70) http://www.durango.org/gallery (Scenery, Pg. 71)

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