Citation
The Philippine Center

Material Information

Title:
The Philippine Center shaping a community through cultural integration
Creator:
Tolentino, Jo Therese ( author )
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource (89 pages) : illustrations ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
cultural plaza -- public engagement -- sustainable practices -- Filipino community -- heritage
Landscape Architecture capstone project, B.L.A

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
General Note:
landscape architecture capstone project
Statement of Responsibility:
by Jo Therese Tolentino.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright creator. Permission granted to the University of Florida to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
035647013 ( ALEPH )
Classification:
LD1780.1 2017 ( lcc )

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THE PHILIPPINE CENTER: Shaping a Community through Cultural Integration THE PHILIPPINE CENTER:

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A Senior Capstone ProjectPresented to the University of Florida Department of Landscape Architecture April 21, 2017 Prepared for the Philippine Cultural Foundation Board Advised by Konstantinos Costis Alexakis

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I would like to thank all the people that have shaped my experience at through studio.

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Introduction The Philippine Center is located sits between Hillsborough and Pinellas Counties in Florida, a central location for the Filipino community within the Tampa Bay area. Ethnic businesses sprinkled throughout emphasize the presence of Filipino and other minority groups. The Philippine Center is a place where people can congregate and celebrate their culture. The Center is quite successful, and holds weekly cultural events and classes, special occasions and annual festivals that are open to everyone. However, the Philippine Center lacks identity, unity and character as a whole. The revitalization of the educate through culturally inspired spaces and utilize sustainable practices. The Philippine Center will be a place where everyone feels welcome and become a part of the community. all img. ref .2

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Introduction all img. ref. 1

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CONTENTS

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CONTENTS Research Map Analysis Synthesis + Goals Case Studies Conceptual Design Final Design References 2 14 34 40 46 68 88

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RESEARCH

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RESEARCH

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Human truth lies only in the process in which civilizations confront each other more and more with what is most living and creative in them.... essential to understanding others Paul Ricoeur A recognizable impression helps register a place both in terms of physical environment as well as our mental construct of all that associates with it. It touches on the collective cultural consciousness. Maki FumihikoTheory It is challenging to design to a cultural community. A people understand the organic form in which all they Designers must understand what a space means to the people, how they see and use it. This is important minorities whom have found a home away from home, second-generation ethnic-American children whom may or may not have an idea of what the heritage they come from encompasses, and American people that chose to experience a culture that is often different from theirs in many ways. 4

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Tradition can no longer be thought of as the static legacy of a past. It must be understood as a dynamic project for the reinterpretation of this past in light of the needs of the present and a future. Nezar AlSayyad Theory 5

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Philippine Culture people God To capture the Philippine culture I focused on the and elements of familiarity. Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa. For God, People, Nature and Country. For God to the Philippines, and with it the dances, fashion, design and the Catholic religion. Today, Filipinos celebrate religious and non-religious holidays with great energy and joy. For the People. One of the spaces in the Center is named after Bayanihan, a derivative from the word bayan, meaning community. It refers to the spirit of common solidarity and service taken upon to accomplish a particular goal. For Nature. A main economic driver for the Philippines is Agriculture. This also transfers into more developed country near the equator, we consider plants native to the Philippines as Tropical. A well-known botanist, David Fairchild, explored the Philippines in pursuit of plants that now survive in Florida. You may see his accomplishments in the Fairchild Botanic Garden in Miami. Additionally, the Philippines has many unique landforms, including mountains, forests and coastal beaches. For the Country. Filipinos place great importance on tradition and culture. Many important factors include the Arts (music, storytelling and dancing) and daily 6

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Philippine Culture people country nature img. ref .3img. ref .3img. ref .47

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Philippine GardensAyala Triangle GardensManila (north central)Hidden Garden Vigan (north)Malagos Garden ResortDavao del Sur (south)Fort Santiago Memorial Manila (north central) 8

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Philippine Gardens all img ref. 119

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In the 1990s, Filipinos in the Tampa Bay organizations. In 1995, a few members irreplaceable amenity.Philippine Center Background 10

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Philippine Center Background all img ref. 211

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img. ref .2 The Philippine Center accommodates many cultural activities. Events: Weekly Classes/Programs Fine arts Performing arts Music + Instrumental Language (Tagalog/Filipino) Get togethers: cook outs, basketball, tabletop games Weddings, baptisms, etc. Monthly/Occasional Art, Music and Theater Shows Competitions: Vocal, Performance, Fashion, Painting Religious celebrations (Christmas, Patron Saint festival) Annual Festivals: PhilFest, Barrio Fiesta Educational outreach: Philippine Cultural Experience Ongoing: Green Revolution initiative Groups: Musikong Kawayan Bamboo Ensemble The Philippine Performing Arts Company Philippine Choral Group The Filipino American Theater Company of TampaPhilippine Center Events occasional weekly img. ref .2 img. ref .212

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img. ref .2 Philippine Center Events occasional on-going annual img. ref .213

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MAP ANALYSES

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MAP ANALYSES

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Context: Regional WHITE 66.56% MINORTY 33.44% FILIPINO 0.49% POPULA TION DISTRIBUTION Minority vs. Filipino 0 3 6 12 mi. PCEC County Bndy. 25 mi. Buffer Major Highways Filipino Business Asian Business 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 LEGEND POPULA TION % ASIAN 0.49% Filipino pop in Study Area. Filipinos make up 20% of Asian pop. (distribution shown in Map). 16

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Context: Regional 12 mi. HILLSBOROUGH COUNTYPASCO COUNTYPINELLAS COUNTYSR 55SR 589SR 45 I 75I 275 SR 60 I 75 SR 41SR 43SR 41 17all img ref. 5

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Context: Surrounding Area Site Location Waterbodies Mile (unit) Radius County Boundaries Roadway Mass Transit Routes Educational Clubs, Lodges and Halls Restaurants Stores (One-story) Mixed-Use Stores Supermarket Comm. Shopping Cent. Reg. Shopping Malls LEGEND 0 0.5 1 2 mi. INSTITUTIONAL + COMMERCIAL TAMPA RD.FOREST LAKES BLVD.MCMULLEN BOOTH RD.STATE ST. Somewhat proximal to commercial uses Disconnected from Mass Transit 4 MI. 3 MI. 18

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Context: Surrounding Area RACETRACK RD.NINE EAGLES DR.PATTERSON RD.GUNN HWY.LINEBAUGH AVE.COUNTYW AY BLVD.SHELDON RD.FOREST LAKES BLVD. 3 MI. 2 MI. 1 MI. 19iimg ref. 1+5

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Context: Immediate 0 175 350 700 ft. Site Location 1/4 mi. Buffer Roadway Bike path Institutional Res., Medium Density Res., High Density High Intensity Urban Reservoir Stormwater Trmt. Aquatic Vegetation Cypress Wetland Hardwoods Coniferous Wetlands Hardwood-Coniferous Coniferous Plantations Urban Open Land Urban Open Forested LEGEND LANDUSE + NA TURAL SYS. Site is 1/4 wetlands and partly Medium Den. Res. Pre-development, most likely Urban Open Forested land CHASE GROVE DR.MERIDIAN POINT DR. 20

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Context: Immediate RACETRACK RD.NINE EAGLES DR. 21iimg ref. 1+5

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Site: Developed areas CUL TURAL PLAZA 22

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Site: Developed areas BAYANIHANARTS CENTER img. ref. 1+5 Flow of water High point Low point LEGEND 20 0 40 80 23

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Site: Developed areas CUL TURAL PLAZA 2 3 4 6 5 1 1 2 3 4724

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Site: Developed areas Property Bndy Fencing Structure Paved area Stormwater Wetland LEGEND 40 0 80 160 BAYANIHANARTS CENTER 1. Entry archway 2. Welcome booth 3. Bahay Kubo 4. Barangay Pavilion 5. Sinagtala Theater 6. Community Pavilion 7. Childrens Pavilion5 6 Cultural Plaza 25iimg ref. 1

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Site: Undeveloped areas 1 2 3 41 2 326

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Property Bndy Fencing Undev. area Stormwater LEGEND 5 6 74 5 6 7 40 0 80 160 27iimg ref. 1

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Site: Vehicular Circulation walk to get there. There is no public transportation schools, but lacks shade. All other visitors must drive to visit the site. The vehicle dominates the original design, from a large entry driveway to the many possible interior routes and parking spaces. 28

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Property Bndy Fencing Vehicular Circ. Parking areas LEGEND 40 0 80 160 29iimg ref. 1

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Site: Pedestrian Circulation The pedestrian circulation analysis shows the paths one can take within the site. The pedestrian is ushered into one of the two main areas, the Cultural The pedestrian paths and spaces, other than the BAC, are unfriendly, lacking shade, appeal and programming. 30

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Property Bndy Fencing Pedestrian Circ. Ped areas Ped destinations LEGEND 40 0 80 160 31iimg ref. 1

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32

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Property Bndy Fencing Vehicular Circ. Pedestrian Circ. Ped destinations LEGEND 40 0 80 160 33iimg ref. 1

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SYNTHESIS + GOALS

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SYNTHESIS + GOALS

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Overall Analysis: Strenghts + Weaknesses Strengths Strong and successful community Frequent events and special occasions Get-togethers: Basketball and table top games Private community experience Proximity to wetland Existing structures (stage, traditional hut) Weaknesses (Major Issues) Lack of identity Generic outdoor plaza space Private community experience Adjacent to wetlands Short distance from commercial businesses Far from public transportation Must drive to visit site Minimal stormwater treatment 36

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Overall Analysis: Strenghts + WeaknessesStrengths Strong and successful community Frequent events and special occasions Get-togethers: Basketball and table top games Private community experience Proximity to wetland Existing structures (stage, traditional hut) Weaknesses (Major Issues) Lack of identity Generic outdoor plaza space Private community experience Adjacent to wetlands Short distance from commercial businesses Far from public transportation Must drive to visit site Minimal stormwater treatment Opportunities Utilize culture-inspired design to create unity with the Complex Connect to those driving by and the surrounding area Create an inviting atmosphere to learn about and celebrate culture Provide multi-functional spaces for year-round activities Inegrate culture and sustainable design methods through furnishings, hardscape materials and planting design Threats (Constraints) May not have enough support from community to jump-start programs Limitations on development due to environmentally sensitive area codes 37all iimg ref. 2

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Goals + ObjectivesUnifyCreate unity and a sense of place. Rebranding, signage and planting designActivateAmenitize underdeveloped areas This will create more functional spaces that can either be dynamic, passive While increasing comfort through planting and hardscape design Encourage people to visit daily or for a special occasionEducateimplement culturally inspired spaces furnishings, hardscape materials and planting design Providing spaces for certain uses Provide experiences relating to history and culture (art, music)SustainUtilize sustainable practices through green infrastructure Consider impact on wetlands activate unify38img. ref.2

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Goals + Objectives activate sustain educate39iimg ref. 1 img. ref.2

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CASE STUDIES

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CASE STUDIES

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Lake Worth PlazaLocation: Lake Worth, FL. Plaza space for special occasions Includes an outdoor stage, lawn area Festivals and farmers market Mexican Heritage PlazaLocation: San Jose, CA Multiple areas separated by paving, elevation and structures Large group and private areas Its formal design is great for any event 42

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43see case study ref.

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Location: Lake Worth, FL. Plaza space for special occasions Includes an outdoor stage, lawn area Festivals and farmers market Plaza de la Raza CenterLocation: San Francisco, CA Inspired by tradiational night markets Live entertainment, dancing, contests Showcase of Chinese culturev Increase in business revenueChinatown Market Fair44

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45see case study ref.

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CONCEPTUAL DESIGN

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CONCEPTUAL DESIGN

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Conceptual Master Plan 48

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Conceptual Master Plan 40 0 80 160 49

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Conceptual Plan Divisions 50

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Conceptual Plan Divisions 20 0 40 80 51

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Area 1 Streetscape + Entry 52

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Area 1 Streetscape + Entry 40 0 80 160 53

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Area 2 Community area 54

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Area 2 Community area 0 5 40 0 80 160 55

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Area 3 Organization Pavilions area 40 0 80 160 56

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Area 3 Organization Pavilions area 10 0 57

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Area 4 Connection 40 0 80 58

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Area 4 Connection 80 16059

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60

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40 0 80 160 61

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Area 6 Events Center stormwater area 62

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Area 6 Events Center stormwater area 40 0 80 160 63

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Area 7 Cultural Plaza 64

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Area 7 Cultural Plaza 40 0 80 160 65

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Master Plan 66

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Master Plan 40 0 80 160 67

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FINAL DESIGN

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FINAL DESIGN

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Master Plan 70

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Master Plan 71

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Grading Plan 20 20 20 20 20 19 20 20 22 24 22 20 22 20 16 20 22 22 21 19 18 16 20 18 20 21 19 16 18 19 20 20 21 17 18 19 20 19 20 20 20 20 19 18 20 20 20 20 19 18 20 20 17 20 19 18 21 22 21 22 20 19 20 18 17 20 20 20 -+ + +72

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Grading Plan 20 20 20 20 20 19 20 20 22 24 22 20 22 20 16 20 22 22 21 19 18 16 20 18 20 21 19 16 18 19 20 20 21 17 18 19 20 19 20 20 20 20 19 18 20 20 20 20 19 18 20 20 17 20 19 18 21 22 21 22 20 19 20 18 17 20 20 20 -+73

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shade implementation via canopy trees open seating at key areas hidden and aesthetically pleasing paved vehicular parking Softscape integration stormwater practices and trails trail through on-site wetland boardwalk overlooking adjacent lake Culture-inspired spaces branded redesign with sun-shaped ground fountain interactive displays of history, art and music Community garden spaces, edible plants and fruit bearing trees terraced seating adjacent to wetland 74

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shade implementation via canopy trees open seating at key areas hidden and aesthetically pleasing paved vehicular parking Softscape integration stormwater practices and trails trail through on-site wetland boardwalk overlooking adjacent lake Culture-inspired spaces branded redesign with sun-shaped ground fountain interactive displays of history, art and music Community garden spaces, edible plants and fruit bearing trees terraced seating adjacent to wetland Vegetation canopy Structures Connections Vegetation shrubs + groundcover75

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Area 1 Welcoming Entry76

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img. ref .6 Area 1 Welcoming Entry 77img. ref .7img. ref .8

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Fruit Trees Row planters Area 2 Edible Gardens78

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Area 2 Edible Gardens 79img. ref .8img. ref .7img. ref .12

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80

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81img. ref .12img. ref .10img. ref .12

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Area 4 Connection Tropical planting Screen wall Area 5 Garden Islands82 img. ref 11 img. ref 1 2

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Area 4 Connection Area 5 Garden Islands 83img. re f .11 img. ref .11img. re f 12 img. ref .6img. ref .7

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Area 6 Wetland Trails 84img. ref .12img. ref .8img. ref .11

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Area 6 Wetland Trails Sun Fountain Area 7 Cultural Plaza85img. ref .12

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Thank You.

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Thank You.

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General References: About BAEC. Bayanihan Arts and Events Center. http://bayanihanartscenter.org/ AlSayyad, N. (Ed.). (1996). Cultures in Transition: Representations of Change (Vol. 98, 98-96). Berkeley, CA: IASTE, International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. Casal, G. et al. (1981). The People and Art of the Philippines. Los Angeles, CA: Regents of the University of California. Heath, K. (2009). Vernacular Architecture and Regional Design (1st ed.). Oxford, UK: Architectural Press. 3. Fernando Amorsolo paintings, Returning Fisherman and Planting Rice 5. GIS Data 6. Complete Streets Photo Galleries. HART: Promoting Sustainable Transportation. http://www.harttma.com/Complete-Streets/Photo-Galleries 7. Trees and Stormwater Workshop. Sustainable Community Forestry Program. https://gfccommunityforestry.wordpress.com/2010/04/01/trees-andstormwater-workshop-april-7th/ 8. Stock photos, various. http://www.alamy.com/ 9. American Community Gardening Association. https://communitygarden.org/ 10. Residential Grotto. Pinoy Exchange. http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums 11. Trip Advisor, various. https://www.tripadvisor.com/ 12. Low-Impact Development Techniques. Urban Design Tools. http://www.lid-stormwater.net/References88

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General References: About BAEC. Bayanihan Arts and Events Center. http://bayanihanartscenter.org/ AlSayyad, N. (Ed.). (1996). Cultures in Transition: Representations of Change (Vol. 98, 98-96). Berkeley, CA: IASTE, International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. Casal, G. et al. (1981). The People and Art of the Philippines. Los Angeles, CA: Regents of the University of California. Heath, K. (2009). Vernacular Architecture and Regional Design (1st ed.). Oxford, UK: Architectural Press. Low-Impact Development Techniques. Urban Design Tools. http://www.lid-stormwater.net/ Lico, G. (2011). Archi(types/text): architecture in Philippine life. Manila, PH: National Commission for Cultre and the Arts. Nas, P. J. (2011). Cities Full of Symbols: A Theory of Urban Space and Culture. Leiden, AN: Leiden University Press. Omila, Joey. PCFI Cultural Director. Personal Interview Tolentino, Leonardo. Personal Interview Case Study References: cultural-plaza.html The School of Arts and Culture. Mexican Heritage Plaza. http://www.mhplaza.com/ + About. Plaza de la Raza. http://www.plazadelaraza.org/history/ Chinatown Night Market Fair. Chinatown San Francisco. http://www.sanfranciscochinatown.com/ Image References: 1. Google Earth 3. Fernando Amorsolo paintings, Returning Fisherman and Planting Rice 5. GIS Data 6. Complete Streets Photo Galleries. HART: Promoting Sustainable Transportation. http://www.harttma.com/Complete-Streets/Photo-Galleries 7. Trees and Stormwater Workshop. Sustainable Community Forestry Program. https://gfccommunityforestry.wordpress.com/2010/04/01/trees-andstormwater-workshop-april-7th/ 8. Stock photos, various. http://www.alamy.com/ 9. American Community Gardening Association. https://communitygarden.org/ 10. Residential Grotto. Pinoy Exchange. http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums 11. Trip Advisor, various. https://www.tripadvisor.com/ 12. Low-Impact Development Techniques. Urban Design Tools. http://www.lid-stormwater.net/References 89