Citation
Prague, a more livable city

Material Information

Title:
Prague, a more livable city enhancing the urban environment to promote health & sustainability
Added title page title:
Můj Praha a more livable city : integrating a bike network to enhance the urban environment and promote health & sustainability
Creator:
Slaney, Cristina ( author )
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource (155 pages) : illustrations ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
urban revitalization -- public space -- bike system -- sustainability -- livability
Landscape Architecture capstone project, B.L.A

Notes

Abstract:
Prague is a city full of history. Being mostly spared from bombings in WWII, it has retained much of its historic structures and infrastructure. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava River, the city is home to about 1.26 million people, while its larger urban zone is estimated to have a population of nearly 2 million. As a big city, Prague suffers from the same ailments as many other large cities - rapid increase of traffic density and congestion, air pollution as a result of increased vehicular use, and rapid population growth. Prague, unlike most other European cities, lacks fully developed cycling infrastructure. The existing bike "infrastructure" is underused during the warmer months and unused during cold months. The current paths are inconspicuous and can go easily unnoticed. The benefits of having a fully functional cycling system as part of the urban transit system would help Prague be a more complete and livable city. Prague was a city originally built for people. Since the 20th century, the right of way has been degraded in favor of vehicular infrastructure. The purpose of this project is to take the city back from cars and create better cyclist and pedestrian experience to improve quality of life. By integrating cycling as part of the urban transit system through connectivity, safety design strategies, and making the trails more prominent, it creates an opportunity to reduce the impact of cars in the city in favor of public space and cyclists. These trails will link to and improve existing public spaces to increase the quality of existing living and restore the public realm according to its fullest potential. The purpose of this project is to enhance Prague's urban environment by creating a cycling network and designing streetscapes that integrate cycling paths through key corridors and revitalizing public space to promote
Abstract:
varied outdoor activity, active living, health and wellbeing. This project will look at how the existing bike system can be improved by making better connections and safe, inviting paths that will take back the streets from cars and give bikes their rightful place in the city. Pocket parks along these paths will peak curiosity, stimulate the senses, and encourage physical activities and recreation. These thresholds were used in the Moldau River in the past and as the water cascaded down these thresholds, the sounds produced gave the city exceptional character. A decade ago, designated cycling paths in the city were nonexistent. Prague was never considered a bike friendly city, although there have been initiatives since 1960s that never took hold. Then in the 1990s the focus became to improve vehicular infrastructure and cycling paths were forgotten. Traffic congestion and pedestrian/cyclist safety became such an issue that the city started looking into solutions.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
General Note:
landscape architecture capstone project
Statement of Responsibility:
prepared by Cristina Slaney.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright creator. Permission granted to the University of Florida to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
035647012 ( ALEPH )
Classification:
LD1780.1 2017 ( lcc )

Downloads

This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 1

A MORE LIVABLE CITY: INTEGRATING A BIKE NETWORK TO ENHANCE THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND PROMOTE HEALTH & SUSTAINABILITY MUJ PRAHA

PAGE 2

2 3 A more livable city: Enhancing the urban environment to promote health & sustainability PRAGUE Prepared for: The Department of Landscape Architecture University of Florida Prepared By: Cristina Slaney Department of Landscape Architecture College of Design, Construction, and Planning University of Florida Spring 2017 Konstantinos Alexakis Department of Landscape Architecture Faculty Advisor:

PAGE 3

4 5 Acknowledgments I would like to thank the faculty for their dedication, patience and support through this wonderful journey through landscape architecture. My friends in studio, for the support and for all the laughs. You guys are like a second family. I want to thank all my professors for making it possible for me to explore the world and discover who I am. Because of you, I have found what I love to do. My family, friends and my bestie of my life (you know who you are). You guys helped me get through it all, through thick and thin. Gracias a mi mami y a mis Abuelos por su apoyo y sus oraciones. Sobre todo, quiero dar gracias a Dios. Sin ti nada sera posible.

PAGE 4

6 7 Motivation I was born in El Salvador and moved to the United States when I was young. Moving to America at a young age I saw the contrast of how cities were designed and how they functioned. I gained a desire to travel to new places to experience different ways of life. My time studying in Prague only deepened this desire and peoples experiences. I chose Prague as my site after spending a semester there, it has become a second home to me. While I was there, my eyes were opened to the need, desire by the locals and to the great possibilities of having biking included elevate the quality of life of residents and create another amenity for tourists. I want to use this project to demonstrate how valuable a bike system can be as part of the urban transport system as well as the opportunities of having one in such historic, walkable city that wasnt built to accommodate as many cars as it does.

PAGE 5

TABLE OF CONTENT 3 B ACKGROUND...................................................... ........24-29 4 RESEARCH ......................................................................30-51 5 CASE STUDIES................................................................52-69 6 DESIGN CONCEPTS ......................................................70-147 7 BRANDING, ADVOCACY & BIKE SHARE......................148-153 9 REFERENCES....................................................................155 1 P ROJECT INTRODUCTION .............................................10-19 2 MAJOR ISSUES..................................................................20-23

PAGE 6

10 11 PROJECT INTRO 01

PAGE 7

12 13 Introduction Prague is a city full of history. Being mostly spared from bombings in WWII, it has retained much of its historic structures and infrastructure. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava River, the city is home to about 1.26 million people, while its larger urban zone is estimated to have a population of nearly 2 million. As a big city, Prague suffers from the same ailments as many as a result of increased vehicular use, and rapid population growth. Prague, unlike most other European cities, lacks fully developed cycling infrastructure. The existing bike infrastructure is underused during the warmer months and unused during cold months. The current paths are inconspicuous and can go the urban transit system would help Prague be a more complete and livable city. Prague was a city originally built for people. Since the 20th century, the right of way has been degraded in favor of vehicular infrastructure. The purpose of this project is to take the city back from cars and create better cyclist and pedestrian experience to improve quality of life. By integrating cycling as part of the urban transit system through connectivity, safety design strategies, and making the trails more prominent, it creates an opportunity to reduce the impact of cars in the city in favor of public space and cyclists. These trails will link to and improve existing public spaces to increase the quality of existing living and restore the public realm according to its fullest potential The purpose of this project is to enhance Pragues urban environment by creating a cycling network and designing streetscapes that integrate cycling paths through key corridors and revitalizing public space to promote varied outdoor activity, active living, health and wellbeing. This project will look at how the existing bike system can be improved by making better connections and safe, inviting paths that will take back the streets from cars and give bikes their rightful place in the city. Pocket parks along these paths will peak curiosity, stimulate the senses, and encourage physical activities and recreation. Designing for pedestrians and cyclists is thus an obvious place to start in order to create a sustainable and people-friendly city. Prague

PAGE 8

14 15 WHERE? THE CZECH REPUBLIC CITY PRAGUE DISTRICT PRAGUE 1 The Czech Republic lies in Central Europe. Situated on the River Vltava in central Bohemia. Prague has been the political, cultural, and economic center of the Czech state for over 1,100 years. The river Vltava runs through the city center. Image source: Cristina Prague Praha [Prah-hah] Derivative of the word prh meaning threshold 4 These thresholds were used in the Moldau River in the past and as the water cascaded down these thresholds, the sounds produces gave the city exceptional character. A decade ago, designated cycling paths in the city were nonexistent. Prague was never considered a bike friendly city, although there have been initiatives since 1960s that never took hold. Then in the 1990s the focus became to improve vehicular infrastructure and cycling became such an issue that the city started looking into solutions. The Site This project focuses of the site will be Prague 1, also called Old Town. The Prague 1, divided by the Vltava River, is made up of two parts Stare Mesto and Mala Strana. Stare Mesto is the geographic center of Prague and the location of the best known tourist attractions. The area is also popular among locals for its wide variety of trendy boutiques, restaurants, trendy nightlife and modern shopping centers. Prague 1 is made of mostly cobblestone streets with some roads that have been re-paved with asphalt. Because of the cobblestone, the walkways are uneven and can make even walking a challenge. In the citys core, narrow one way streets with on-street parking dominate, with generous sidewalks in some areas and narrow sidewalks in others. Prague 1 has many squares, gardens, parks and open spaces, many of which are dysfunctional, underused and without a purpose. The connectivity, enhancement and re-purposing of these spaces could bring life to these spaces and encourage people to engage with the outside. Cars continue to be given too much priority which affects the integrity of public space in Prague. Encouraging biking could help this issue and provide more space for pedestrians, children, families and cyclists. Public spaces in Prague are designed without a concept in mind, and I often rather have the feeling that no one has ever given serious thought to them. (architecture historian and columnist) 5

PAGE 9

16 17 The Situation The city of Prague has realized the importance of integrating a bike system into their urban transport and as such have created proposals and goals for expanding and improving this system. The Prague Council approved a proposal of further development of the system of cycle paths in Prague after 2002. This material includes main points of the development of the cycle paths system in the entire Capital of Prague in the near future. Proposed changes in the law from the Ministry of Transport in the Czech Republic are now looking to give cyclists higher priority existing cycle routes. Even with these plans, the cities bike infrastructure is still highly lacking. Bike culture is starting to develop but there is still a great need for new infrastructure and adovacy for using cycling as an alternate mode of transport. As a landscape architect, I will build on the existing system and on the new as incorporate an advocacy campaign that helps to encourage urban cycling and user involvement in the different phases of the systems improvements and additions. The new bike paths will have a clear presence as part of the citys residents and create another amenity for tourists. I want to use this project to demonstrate how valuable a bike system can be as part of the urban transport system as well as the opportunities of having one in such historic, walkable city that wasnt built to accommodate as many cars as it does.

PAGE 10

18 19 To create a bike network as part of the urban transit system to encourage active transportation and engage public space bike system enhance public pedestrian To reduce cars in the historic center and enhance the public realm to engage public space and increase quality of life To create a safe environment for cyclists and pedestrians to take back their place in the city by prioritizing pedestrians and cyclists over cars. sustainability To advocate & educate about the importance of sustainable mobility and green practices for healthy communities http://www.travelnerves.eu/czech-republic/wenceslas-square-in-prague/attachment/prague-venceslassquare-upper-side-3/ Goals & Objectives

PAGE 11

20 21 MAJOR ISSUES 02

PAGE 12

22 23 issues of current Urban cycling is becoming more common, an estimated 100,000 who ride at least once a week according to a 2012 poll. There are people who ride to work and many others who ride during the weekend for leisure or sport. But many improvements are still needed. Only 1% of mobility in Prague is cyclists compared to the European Union average of 6.24%, According to the ECF. Even greater still compared to Berlin (13%), Ljublijana (12%), Vienna (6%), Copenhagen(45%) being the greatest. Biking in the historic https://praguewandering. Bike accidents increased by 100% since 2007 2 APPARENT ISSUES PRELIMINARY GOALS Lack of completed bike Infrastructure; bike paths that lead no where, end suddenly Improved bike routes through key corridor(s) Improve continuity of routes Lack of bicycle parking Install accessible bike parking Lack of citywide bike share system Conceptual city wide bike share system Health; the Czech Republic is now the most obese country in Europe Provide exercise stations Educate people about health through signage, urban farming Car crashes with pedestrians and bikes Focus on safety, clear separation of bikes from cars Existing bike system unnoticed and unclearly marked or separated Visually interesting, integrated elements Pollution from cars Reduce car footprint through increase of bike usage Irregular surface caused by cobblestones Smoothing out surface, alternative materials Get more cars off the street and onto bikes Lack of bike culture Negative perception of biking Involve people through bike advocacy and campaigning Invite people through design Only 1% of mobility in Prague is cyclists 1 cyclists double in 2013 despite daily dangers 3 infrastructure & lack of safety most common concerns of Prague cyclists 1 Few commuter lanes exist in Prague. Today, there are marked bike lanes on some main thoroughfares. In 2006 a law was established that forces cycling facilities be incorporated into all new and refurbished roads. Another law mandating parking for bicycles in all new buildings and efforts to make Pragues trams and its underground systems more accessible to bikes. Other local problems include: the system of cycleways are only around half complete and there are trails that end suddenly out of nowhere and you are forced to get off your bike Other issues, according to cyclists, include turf battles between city agencies can delay projects for months even longer. A law requiring the installation of 1,000 bicycle parking stands per year in the city, yet only a few were installed. Prague also does not have a citywide bicycle share system, though there have been efforts in some districts. Public perceptions are also an issue that must be addressed if the system is going to change. As of now, there is no culture of cycling but not for lack of trying. Local groups and businesses sponsor a Bike to Work campaign and there are Czech groups that regularly participate in cycling events such as the April Bike Festival at Viennas city hall. LACK OF GREEN IN THE CITY POLLUTION OBESITY CAR ACCIDENTS CONGESTION DEGRADATION OF PUBLIC SPACE Major Issues

PAGE 13

24 25 BACKGROUND 03

PAGE 14

26 27 History Prague 1 (Old Town) Key Sites http://www.maps-of-europe.net/maps-of-czech-republic/maps-of-prague/ Around the perimeter of Prague 1 is Prague 2 (Vinohrady) Located at the top of the hill, one of the most desirable Prague neighborhoods; its most popular among young professionals, international residents, and other well to do residents who like its chic cafes, upscale shopping centers and restaurants, Prague 8 (Florenc) For the most part one of the outlying Prague districts, Prague 7 (Letna) Just across the river from Old Town, Letna is a quiet residential area popular among students, as well as those who want to be close to the center for a reasonable price, Prague 6 Known for its many embassies and numerous houses and villas as well as being the district that is nearest to Prague airport, Prague 6 is the location of some of Pragues most exclusive neighborhoods and Prague 5 One of the largest Prague districts, the Smichov neighborhood, alongside the river and around the Metro station Andel, is an upscale neighborhood with newly renovated buildings, hotels, restaurants and the large Novy Smichov shopping center. Surrounding Context The Czech Republic is located in the heart of Europe and stuns with its unique river landscapes, picturesque villages and fairy tail castles, whose history and architecture can often be traced back to the Middle Ages. Prague, located on the River Vltava in central Bohemia, is known as the Golden City and the City of a Hundred Spires for its Gothic style cathedrals and its many historic buildings with gold accents. It is widely considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Narrow streets, impressive squares and small towers, it is a city made for people. The city center has all the main sites within 1.5 miles of each other. The river Vltava runs through city and is crossed by 18 bridges, the most famous one being Charles Bridge. In 1992, The historic city center was included in the UNESCO list of world heritage. Surrounding Context prague.net Background

PAGE 15

28 29 Towards a Bikable City According to the vice-president of the European Cyclists Federation (ECF), Daniel Mourek, the setting is good now for new infrastructure and civic activism to encourage riding in Prague. Conditions for cyclists need to be improved while at the same time not constraining drivers. The city center is already full of too many cars. According to Vratislav Filler of the NGO Auto*Mat which advocates sustainable development in Prague, restricting cars in the city center to only those who really need to such as delivery In spite of all the roadblocks keeping Prague from having a viable cycling system, urban cycling is becoming more common, an estimated 100,000 who ride at least once a week according to a 2012 poll. There are people who ride to work and many others who ride during the weekend for leisure or sport. But many improvements are still needed. Most cycling in the city are bike tours for tourists. Only 1% of mobility in Prague is cyclists compared to the European Union average of 6.24%, According to the ECF. Even greater still compared to Berlin (13%), Ljublijana (12%), Vienna (6%), Copenhagen(45%) being the greatest. Organizations like Auto*Mat, an association that promotes better environment for well as rational use of cars. Inspired by European capitals, they activate people to a positive change of streets and public spaces to help create a city people want to live in. Currently, Auto*Mat is part of an international initiative to improve the situation in the cities of World Car-free Network and the Association of NGO Green Circle. Alternate Modes of Transportation Proposed: Cycling Existing: Subway Existing: Trams Existing: Walking

PAGE 16

30 31 RESEARCH 04

PAGE 17

32 33 Commercial Buildings Residential Buildings Public Service Buildings Railroads Stations Land use Sports & Recreation Public Space Paths Public Space Squares Landscape

PAGE 18

34 35 cycling map existing and proposed This map dissects the cities bike paths piece by piece to show the current and proposed conditions. This map is useful in pointing out the strengths and weaknesses of the system and where it needs to improve. Context Prague 1

PAGE 19

36 37 Analysis Maps Figure Ground Market Center Cultural & Historical Centers Public Transportation Stops These maps illustrate key points of interest in Prague 1 with the citys existing and proposed bike routes as well as key corridors used currently by cyclists and runners. Heat Map Bike Routes Heat Map Running Paths Major Activity Centers Public Transportation Routes

PAGE 20

38 39 This map shows exactly what routes cyclists are already taking. The river is already heavily used by cyclists so this will be a key area for revitalization. All of the bridges are also important corridors as well as a few main streets and plazas in the old town. To the left side of the river the perimeter is used by cyclists but the topography makes it challenging for cyclists to cross through and thus its use is limited. Legend most frequently used less frequently used heat map frequently used bike routes Analysis Maps

PAGE 21

40 41 Site Analysis In the Site Analysis, I have overlaid the heat map of frequently used bike routes with the citys existing and proposed trails. The citys plan is incomplete and other than designating roads on a map, little has been done in terms of creating and improving cycling infrastructure.

PAGE 22

42 43 prague 1 proposed bike routes Site Synthesis

PAGE 23

44 45 prague 1 proposed bike routes The new system intersects with all major public spaces and connects both sides of Prague 1. The paths now give cyclists access to all major activity centers, to markets, commercial centers, parks, as well as access to many public transportation stops. Site Synthesis

PAGE 24

46 47 The paths intersect through all major squares giving the opportunity to revitalize these squares for people to stop along the way for a variety of activities. routes through public space Site Synthesis

PAGE 25

48 49 prague 1 proposed bike routes Site Synthesis After synthesizing all the data, these trails were chosen because they go through the most important corridors that have the greatest opportunity for integrating bike. Five typologies were chosen for being typical conditions that could be encountered

PAGE 26

50 51 1] 2] 3] 4] 5] proposed road type typologies Site Synthesis 1]

PAGE 27

52 53 CASE STUDIES 05

PAGE 28

54 55 Case Studies Strategies Copenhagen, Denmark Project Description The City of Copenhagen has a vision to become the worlds most livable city by enhancing urban life in the existing city. Emphasis is on three areas: Good conditions for pedestrians, good places to spend time, and a wide and varied range of possible activities and events in the urban space. Architecture and urban spaces should invite more people to stay longer, encourage more people to walk more, and provide more urban life for everybody New urban spaces should expand the existing network and therefore support urban connectivity Should encourage movement, activity and experiences Emphasis on aesthetics, safety & comfort architectural concept that creates the desired settings conceptually, aesthetically needs and the functions and design of the surrounding buildings. Lessons Learned Public Space It is essential to address the peripheral zones and the transitions between public and private space, where people can meet and spend time Application Urban landscapes, Urban Water Areas, Urban Development Areas A typology with four urban space categories guides the planning of an effective urban space hierarchy Lighting strategy, New Parks, Pocket Parks & Green Links Urban Life Scorecard monitors the development of urban life by evaluating the cities urban space projects based on quality criteria in order to follow up on the cities goals They work in cooperation with the affected building clients. A similar method can be used in Prague of focusing on maximizing the cities resources in creating urban landscapes, urban water areas, improving the cities pocket parks and creating green links. https://streetswithoutcars.wordpress.com/tag/public-space/ https://welldesignedandbuilt.com/2013/06/10/superkilen-an-innovative-public-space-in-copenhagen/ http://landarchs.com/dark-art-conceptual-design-privately-funded-public-space/ http://crowdsourcingweek.com/blog/copenhagen-innovation-begins-at-a-public-park/

PAGE 29

56 57 Strategies Copenhagen, Denmark Project Description The City of Copenhagen also has a vision to become the worlds most bikable city which is also an important element in Copenhagens goals of having good city life, reducing pollution and improving the health of their citizens. In other words cycling is not the goal by a tool to create a more livable city. Cycling should be the easiest and fastest way to get around new cycle tracks, direct roots, can improve travel time, safety and sense of security for cyclists Coherent network of attractive routes that criss-cross the city will help reduce travel times Cycling should be a comfortable, unique experience that allows people to get up close and personal to their surroundings. New routes over water, railways and squares can improve travel times and create new ways to experience the city Smooth surface to bike on A bike share system Bicycle parking is essential, especially around metro and bus terminals The more people that choose to bike results in better every day life because of increased accessibility, reduced pollution, less noise Room for diversity of cyclists types and ages Lessons Learned Bicycle Paths ...the bicycle [is now] the most popular transport form for commuting in Copenhagen Application Prioritizing prioritizing bicycle infrastructure, increase sense of security, ambitious short cuts like tunnels and bridges over water, railways and large roads, infrastructure expansion and campaigns focused on more considerate behavior in Innovation a strategy to encourage many new cyclists to get onto their bike by creating more cycle tracks, making certain streets one-way for cars to improve cycling conditions, new types of bicycle parking and improving cobblestone streets for attractive cycle routes. Infrastructure -foot rests, air pumps as well as integrating technology, communication and partnerships such as IT solutions All of these methods can be implemented in Prague to give citizens and tourist an alternate way to move through 56% of people commute by bicycle per day https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2009/05/28/bike_riding_is_bliss_in_copenhagen.html http://www.fastcoexist.com/3031392/the-case-for-protected-bike-lanes?utm_source=facebook http://intelligenttravel.nationalgeographic.com/2013/12/09/how-to-bike-like-a-local-in-copenhagen/ Case Studies

PAGE 30

58 59 Strget Strget is a pedestrian, car free shopping area converted in 1962 when cars were beginning to dominate Copenhagens old central streets. at Christmas in the 50s but was made permanent in 1964. The idea was controversial some people believing that the Danes did not have the mentality for "public life" envisioned by such a street, and many local merchants believed the move would scare away business. The father of a car free Strget, Alfred Wassard, Copenhagens mayor for town planning even faced death threats. The pedestrianization of Strget marked the beginning of a major change in the approach of Copenhagen to urban life; following the success of the initiative the city moved to place a much greater emphasis on pedestrian and bicycle access to the city at the expense of cars. This approach has in turn become However the project proved a huge success with renewed street life and soon started expanding the network with more streets and squares being emptied of cars. http://www.minitime.com/Stroget_Pedestrian_Zone-Copenhagen-Denmark-attraction http://denstoredanske.dk/Danmarks_geogra_og_historie/Danmarks_historie/K%C3%B8benhavns_historie/Str%C3%B8get Copenhagen, Denmark

PAGE 31

60 61 Strategies Amsterdam, Netherlands Project Description The City of Amsterdam has been growing its cycling culture since the 1970s Despite a combination of public pressure, policy making, and physical planning design. The basis for easier, quicker and safer cycling is the design and construction of a sophisticated cycle network with a clear hierarchy of routes. Bicycle parking facilities are essential and could come in the form of stands for individual, parking facilities at railway stations, city center hubs and entertainment venues, garages or even going underground 1.5 meters needed per bicycle Cycling streets help reduce congestion and provide a sense of safety Lessons Learned As more and more data was acquired, it turned out that the major problem was not so much that we needed a new policy to stimulate cycling, but rather practical solutions to facilitate Application Cycle policy is an integral part of the Amsterdam mobility policy. It is based on four pillars: road safety; infrastructure; parking, education and promotion. Pedestrian space was reduced, which policy makers now regret. safety which allowed them to create separate bike lanes for main roads and roads The method of Plus nets could be useful in Prague to make transportation clearer and more used to prevent bikes congesting the city The new approach to mobility Proposing a new system of so-called Plus nets, a system in which, in general, only a couple different modes of transport take precedence in a street; for instance, public transport and bicycles, cars and bicycles or public transport and cars. The popularity of cycling has led to a volume of Cyclists are increasingly using space outside their allocated area http://epicureandestinations.com/amsterdam-bikes-bridges-bread/ http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/21/world/Europe/a-sea-of-bikes-swamps-amsterdam-a-city-fond-of-pedaling.html http://www.globalblue.com/destinations/Holland/Amsterdam/top-7-things-to-do-in-amsterdam/ Challenges Case Studies 32% of people commute by bicycle per day

PAGE 32

62 63 Strategies Barcelona, Spain Project Description Barcelona is now widely known for being innovative in planning. Barcelona continues to strive to become a more sustainable city model. It is known for having accessible open space and its walk ability. The city council is working to renew the Urban Mobility Plan of the city in order to improve citizens quality of life, strengthen the economy and meet European regulatory parameters for environmental issues. Bike share stations should be located near Metro stations and major parking areas Provide real time information on bike availability on the Internet Open city to waterfront Get priorities straight (public amenities) space and parks) Lessons Learned Barcelona is absolutely a world class city. From its architecture to its boulevards to its parks, it is a vast, diverse, center of culture and entertainment. It literally pulsates with energy. Application The plan has four goals: Safety by decreasing accidents Sustainability by reducing the use of private motorized vehicles Equity by guaranteeing access to mobility for all people Barcelonas canopy lined streets and activated public squares are good examples of Pragues potential for activated spaces. Their successful bike share system is an effective way to promote cycling as an alternate form of transportation. They also are a good example of using their citys potential by opening the city to the waterfront http://goexcursion.net/tour/barcelona-sightseeing-bicycle-electric-bike https://www.101viajes.com/Barcelona/ramblas https://www.expedia.com/things-to-do/smart-e-bike-rental.a279135.activity-detailsdo-in-amsterdam/ 12% of people commute by bicycle per day Case Studies

PAGE 33

64 65 Strategies Paris, France Project Description Paris is investing into its cycling infrastructure with the purpose of providing a solution to its pollution problem and reduce the excessive smog in the city. On street parking can be turned into dedicated bus corridors. This would make the public space more comfortable as it is no For a Successful Bike Share System: Bikes should be easily accessible and at a low A dense network of bike share stations across the coverage area, with an average spacing of 300 meters between stations A fully automated locking system that allows users to check bicycles easily in or out of bike-share stations A wireless tracking system, such as radiolocates where a bicycle is picked up and Lessons Learned The battle against greenhouse gas emissions and air pollutants is also at stake with this project. Application Create an express way that will follow Pariss main roads and avenues and river along with 700km of cycle lanes around the rest of the city. Speed limits reduced on roads with cycle lanes while transport was made free Create 10,000 bike parking spaces Created Quartiers Verts (Green Neighborhoods) to improve pedestrian space and elimination of free parking (created residential parking permits for a yearly nominal fee) Espaces Civilises (Civilized Spaces): took aim at Pariss most car friendly boulevards Created separate lanes for buses and bikes A bike share system in Prague would be an easy way to make bikes accessible to people that can be stored and maintained by the city The Green Neighborhoods and Civilized Spaces increased the bicycle modeshare by 50% With the addition of a bike share system, Velib, with 10,000 bikes available the number of bike trips doubled https://totalwomenscycling.com/lifestyle/travel/discover-your-favourite-european-city-by-public-bike http://landarchs.com/7-top-pocket-parks-small-spaces-with-ahttp://www.smarterparis.com/parisguide/biking-paris/ 5% of people commute by bicycle per day Successes Case Studies

PAGE 34

66 67 Strategies Chicago, Illinois Project Description The City of Chicagos vision is to make bicycling an integral part of daily life in Chicago to improve the citys quality of life Protected bikeways help create low stress paths that are inviting to people of all ages and abilities A highly engaging advocacy group important to the success of a cycling network mile of every citizen Provide a greater number of bikeways where more people live. Increase the amount of infrastructure where ridership is high, while establishing a strong backbone of infrastructure where ridership is currently lower. Lessons Learned The Streets for Cycling Plan 2020 establishes the framework for Chicago to be the most bike friendly city in the US and will create economic opportunity in our neighborhoods and throughout the city Application Bike-way Network Establish a bike-way network that serves all Chicago residents and neighborhoods. Bicycle-friendly Streets Make all of Chicagos streets safe and convenient for bicycling. Bike Parking Provide convenient and secure short-term and long-term bike parking throughout Chicago. Transit Provide convenient connections between bicycling and public transit. Education Educate bicyclists, motorists, and the general public about bicycle Marketing and Health Promotion Increase bicycle use through targeted marketing and health promotion. Law Enforcement and Crash Analysis Increase bicyclist safety through effective law enforcement and detailed crash analysis. Chicago is a great example of a city with minimal bike infrastructure that with the implementation of best practices has transformed the city and inspired thousands of residents to engage with the outdoors http://www.choosechicago.com/blog/post/2014/05/bike-chicago-10-resources-for-cycling-the-city/1399/ http://www.10best.com/destinations/Illinois/Chicago/articles/bike-through-the-neighborhoods-of-chicago-on-the-606-trail/v 2% of people commute by bicycle per day Case Studies

PAGE 35

68 69 European Cities taking back the streets car free cities COPENHAGEN AMSTERDAM VIENNA BUDAPEST PARIS & BARCELONA MOVING IN SAME DIRECTION World Car free Network is the hub of the global car free movement, which promotes alternatives to car dependence and automobile-based planning, and works to improve quality of life for all. Most European cities are at an advantage in that they were designed for people to move through without cars According to Vratislav Filler of the NGO Auto*Mat which advocates sustainable development in Prague, restricting cars in the city center to only those who really need to such as delivery vans would help to and therefore the conditions are more desirable for a bike network More space for people, cleaner air, safer cities, affordable, Eco-friendly, increase attractiveness of cities, provides exercise for healthier citizens, better quality of life People dont own cars because they dont need to

PAGE 36

70 71 DESIGN CONCEPTS 06

PAGE 37

72 73 SAFETY PLACE-MAKING GATHERING MOVEMENT SUSTAINABILITY PLAY NATURE ACTIVATE Approaches: Creating Healthy corridors Guiding principles: 1) W oonerf shared street concept design to that allows all users to share the same space 2) Green Boulevard Active Street Design street type that separates through traffic from local access through the use of medians and tree lined streets 3) Bike Highway/Bicycle Boulevard streets prioritized for bicycle use through advisory warnings to motorists, traffic calming measures and guidance to encourage bicycle users

PAGE 38

74 75 1) Safety cyclist needs a safe traffic environment 2) Directness route needs to be as short as possible and easy to ride 3) Coherence coherent network with no missing links 4) Attractiveness routes should be attractive; low air pollution, social safety, nice surroundings (the paths should be well lit and maintained) 5) Comfortable pavement smooth and even 5 requirements for a successful bike system Successful Bike System Design Qualities Clearly Marked Lighting Bike Share Stations Separated Bike Lanes Wide, Comfortable Lanes

PAGE 39

76 77 Road Typology

PAGE 40

1] Road Typology Waterfront

PAGE 41

80 81 Connect to Existing Bike Lanes Create New River Access Activate Riverfront Space River Analysis Connections to other bike lanes are opportunites for better access to bikes along the riverfront Enough width on lower level of waterfront to create activities and activate space Limited space; opportunity for boardwalk for better pedestrian experience along the river

PAGE 42

82 83 Program Elements Linear waterfront park playscapes exercise stations resting areas planting amphitheater performance stage Continuous Separated Bike Trails improved infrastructure reduced car lanes for bikes Tree Lines Streets stormwater planters bioswales Pedestrian Boardwalks docks for kayaks Outdoor Riverfront Bar & Art Tunnel access through bike trail plantings art murals local bar with music Conceptual Masterplan

PAGE 43

84 85 The River The Vltava River is a historically valuable public space of citywide importance yet it is highly underused. Permanently anchored boats block most views of the panorama of Prague. Boats face practically no restrictions. The lower part of the river is also used for parking cars. It holds the citys greatest potential to create an amenity for the citys residents and tourists alike Existing Conditions UNDERUSED BLOCKED VIEWS CARS LACK OF GREEN COBBLESTONES NO SPACE FOR PEOPLE A A1 A1 A 1] Waterfront

PAGE 44

86 87 CIRCULATE Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes on both levels of the waterfront ACTIVATE Remove cars & open up waterfront to public in the form of a linear park for recreation and activities for pedestrians and cyclists GREENWAY Establish green corridor and stormwater treatment ACCESS provide people with access to the water for new activities and remove and regulate where boats can anchor Existing Section FLOATING PERFORMANCE STAGE BOARDWALK SOCIAL INTERACTION ZONE TERRACED AMPHITHEATER ACTIVE RECREATION ZONE PASSIVE RECREATION ZONE A A1 A 1] Waterfront Design A1 A

PAGE 45

88 89 SHARED LANES PEDESTRIAN BOARDWALK Existing Section CIRCULATE Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes on both levels of the waterfront ACTIVATE Cars and trams share lanes to provide for equal right of way for cyclists ACCESS Create boardwalks to allow for better pedestrian access to the water A1 A1 A A1 A 1] Waterfront Design

PAGE 46

90 91 Uses Along the River Character Images PLAYGROUND STAGE ON THE WATER WATER PLANTS LOUNGE SEATING HAMMOCKS SMOOTH PAVING TERRACES PEDESTRIAN BOARDWALK Terraces On the Water This diagram shows how the terraces work on the water with a conceptual design for a stage on the water.

PAGE 47

92 93 Market on the Water 0 90 180 340 Waterfront Design Water Interaction Floating Stage Exercise Boardwalk Kayak Docks Pedestrian Boardwalk Boardwalk Seating Climbing Walls Hammocks Exercise & Play Playground Terraced Steps Water Plantings Waterfront Market THIS SECTION OF THE RIVERFRONT ALLOWS FOR ENOUGH SPACE FOR A LINEAR PARK

PAGE 48

94 95 0 30 60 120 Waterfront Design Terraced Steps Stage on the Water Terraced Steps Bike Lane Bike Lane Bike Lane Hammocks and Seating Bike Share Hammocks and Seating Pedestrian Walkway Boardwalk Pedestrian Walkway Boardwalk Car Lane Car Lane Car Lane Car Lane

PAGE 49

96 97 0 30 60 120 Waterfront Design Market on the Water Water Interaction Cafe Seating Playground Kayak Docks

PAGE 50

98 99 0 30 60 120 Waterfront Design Passive Recreation Zone Playground Passive Recreation Zone Exercise/Play Structure Hammocks

PAGE 51

100 101 1] UPPER LEVEL WATERFRONT RENDER Before

PAGE 52

1]LOWER LEVEL WATERFRONT RENDER Before

PAGE 53

104 105 1] WATERFRONT ART BAR Connection with Existing Bike Trails Before

PAGE 54

106 107 2] Road typology 5 lane road

PAGE 55

108 109 This street has 2 lanes dedicated to trams and 3 lanes dedicated to cars. One of the 3 lanes occasionally turns into a floating tram stop. Buses share the lanes with cars and trams. One side has ample space for pedestrians, however cars park on this sidewalk even through the curb distinctly separates the roadway from the sidewalk. The other side has a very narrow sidewalk separated from the road by a railing. This road has no green and feels very uncomfortable and unsafe to pedestrians. Existing Conditions UNSAFE FOR PEDESTRIANS NARROW SIDEWALK CARS PARK ON SIDEWALK LACK OF GREEN UNCOMFORTABLE A1 A 2] 5 Lane Road Boulevard A1 A Existing Conditions

PAGE 56

110 111 SHARED LANES LANE BUS STOP A1 A FLOATING TRAM STOP 2] Multi-Modal Boulevard BIKE LANE SAFETY Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes and pedestrians SEPARATED BIKE LANES Even children feel safe & confident enough to bike in lanes that are completely separated from traffic CIRCULATE Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes. Cars share the lanes with trams in this low volume street GREENWAY Establish green corridor and stormwater treatment ACCESS This boulevard allows from trams, cars, buses, cyclists and pedestrians all with about an equal amount of space PLACE Native plantings in this green boulevard can help recall the Czech landscape and provide a sense of place Design Principles A1 A

PAGE 57

3] Road typology 3 Lane Commercial Corridor

PAGE 58

114 115 CROWDED BY CARS NARROW BIKE LANE CARS PARK ON BIKE LANE TREES ONLY ON ONE SIDE ONLY ONE SIDE IS ACTIVE Existing Conditions This shopping street that connects to Wenceclas Square to Square of the Republic. It is heavily used by locals and tourists. It holds many shops and restaurants on one side while the other is full of advertisements and objects. Not much through traffic goes through this corridor but it is full of parked cars at all times of the day CROWDED BY CARS NARROW BIKE LANE CARS PARK ON BIKE LANE TREES ONLY ON ONE SIDE ONLY ONE SIDE IS ACTIVE A1 A 3] 3 Lane Shopping Corridor A1 A

PAGE 59

116 117 SHARED STREET PARKING PARKLETS BIKE PARKING OUTDOOR SEATING SAFETY Shared streets force drivers and cyclists to be more careful and more aware of their surroundings, therefore slowing them down and creating a safer environment CIRCULATE Create multi-modal streetscapes ACTIVATE Remove cars some cars and create parklets for extra pedestrian space and activities GREENWAY Establish green corridor and stormwater treatment ACCESS Remove all barriers and allow street to be shared by cars, cyclists and pedestrians. This makes everyone feel like they belong in the space 3] Shared Shopping Street A1 A A1 A Design Principles 19 40 18 8

PAGE 60

118 119 SAFETY Shared streets force drivers and cyclists to be more careful and more aware of their surroundings, therefore slowing them down and creating a safer environment CIRCULATE Create multi-modal streetscapes ACTIVATE Remove cars some cars and create parklets for extra pedestrian space and activities GREENWAY Establish green corridor and stormwater treatment ACCESS Remove all barriers and allow street to be shared by cars, cyclists and pedestrians. This makes everyone feel like they belong in the space CYCLE PATH SEAT BOLLARDS OUTDOOR SEATING BENCHES SCULPTURE BIOSWALE A1 A A1 A 3] 3 Lane Commercial Corridor Design Principles 15 40 35

PAGE 61

3] Road Typology 8 Lane Commercial Corridor

PAGE 62

122 123 CROWDED BY CARS USED AS PARKING LOT NO THROUGH TRAFFIC 8 LANES OF ASPHAULT A1 A 3]Commercial Corridor Wenceclas Square This is one of the main city squares and the center of the business and cultural communities. It is used for demonstrations, celebrations, and other public gatherings. This square is always full of people but it is also always full of cars. Through traffic is not allowed but the city uses it as a parking lot, degrading the square hundreds of cars at one time. The removal of cars in this space would be to revive the square back to its intended purpose, as a gathering space for people. Existing Conditions

PAGE 63

124 125 SAFETY Removing cars completely is the ultimate form of safety for cyclists and pedestrians SEPARATED BIKE LANES Even children feel safe & confident enough to bike in lanes that are completely separated from traffic CIRCULATE This design creates a cycle track around ACTIVATE Removing cars creates lots of space for new pedestrian activities GREENWAY Establish green corridor and stormwater treatment ACCESS Only accessible to cyclists and pedestrian, it gives back public space to the community PLACE Outdoor markets allow for local artisans to sell their wares and creates a sense of character to a space PEDESTRIAN MEDIAN MARKETS CYCLE TRACK CYCLE TRACK OUTDOOR SEATING BIOSWALE OUTDOOR SEATING MARKETS OUTDOOR SEATING BIOSWALE BENCHES A1 A A1 A Phase I Tree Lined Pedestrian Mall Design Principles 40 69 15 40 15

PAGE 64

126 127 SAFETY Removing cars completely is the ultimate form of safety for cyclists and pedestrians SEPARATED BIKE LANES Even children feel safe & confident enough to bike in lanes that are completely separated from traffic CIRCULATE This design creates a cycle track around ACTIVATE Removing cars creates lots of space for new pedestrian activities GREENWAY Establish green corridor and stormwater treatment ACCESS Only accessible to cyclists and pedestrian, it gives back public space to the community PLACE Outdoor markets allow for local artisans to sell their wares and creates a sense of character to a space A1 A A1 A 3]Phase II Boulevard of Urban Rooms Design Principles EXISTING MEDIAN WITH PLANTING & SEATING URBAN FARM PLAYSCAPE CYCLE TRACK CYCLE TRACK STORMWATER PLANTER STORMWATER PLANTER 40 32 15 35 36 36 15

PAGE 65

128 129 PROGRAM 1.SQUARE: The new design for Wenceclas square contains spaces that form to enable and host (un)programmed activity. It is a forum for exchange, both social and economic, and a focus for civic pride and community expression an urban living room Local Market Urban Farm Performance Space Exercise Circuit Playscape Skate Park Sculpture Garden Outdoor Meeting Area Sports Courts Outdoor Board Games Wet Zone Urban Garden

PAGE 66

130 131 Local Market Urban FarmingPocket Park Garden Performance Stage Sculpture Garden Outdoor Gathering Space Water park wet zone Board Game Park Exercise Circuit Sports court Skatepark`Local MarketPlayscape 0 30 60 120 3] Boulevard of Urban Rooms Planter Boxes Outdoor Meeting Area Playscape Local Market Urban Farm Performance Space Outdoor Gathering Space Playscape Mounds Wet Zone Sports Courts Outdoor Boardgames Game tables Exercise Circuits Skate Park Sculptures

PAGE 67

132 133 0 30 60 120 Commercial Corridor Design

PAGE 68

4] Road Typology 6 Lane Road

PAGE 69

136 137 This is one of the important avenues in Prague. In the 19th century, important buildings and institutions, such as the National Theatre and the Czech Academy of Sciences were built here. It is an avenue of significant historical importance because of its involvement with the Velvet Revolution however it is a street that is dominated by cars and trams with little thought to the pedestrian. A1 A Existing Conditions 4] 6 lane road A1 A IMPORTANT AVENUE DOMINATED BY CARS AND TRAMS UNCOMFORTABLE FOR PEDESTRIANS UNSAFE UNDERUSED, TOO MANY LANES LACK OF GREEN

PAGE 70

138 139 SAFETY Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes and pedestrians SEPARATED BIKE LANES Even children feel safe & confident enough to bike in lanes that are completely separated from traffic CIRCULATE Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes. Cars share the lanes with trams in this low volume street GREENWAY Establish green corridor and stormwater treatment ACCESS This boulevard allows for trams, cars, cyclists and pedestrians all with about an equal amount of space PLACE Native plantings in this green boulevard can help recall the Czech landscape and provide a sense of place A CROWDED BY CARS NARROW BIKE LANE CARS PARK ON BIKE LANE TREES ONLY ON ONE SIDE ONLY ONE SIDE IS ACTIVE 4] 6 lane road A1 A A1 A Design Principles SHARED LANES BIKE LANE BIKE LANE BIOSWALE BIOSWALE STORMWATER PLANTER STORMWATER PLANTER BIKE SHARE STATION BIKE PARKING

PAGE 71

140 141 This shopping street is the most exclusive and expensive street in all of Prague. The street links the Old Town with mainly Art Nouveau beautifully decorated residential buildings, most of them were built in the first decade of the 20th century. For a street with a lot of traffic, the sidewalks are too narrow and most of the right of way is taken up by parked cars as not much through traffic flows through this street. A1 A A1 A UNCOMFORTABLE FOR PEDESTRIANS UNDERUSED BY CARS, TOO MANY LANES A LOT OF ASPHAULT LACK OF GREEN Existing Conditions 5] 4 lane road

PAGE 72

142 143 A1 A 5] 4 lane road Connection to Shopping Street Phase 1 A1 A ONE LANE BIKE LANE BIKE LANE STORMWATER PLANTER STORMWATER PLANTER ANGLED PARKING SAFETY Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes and pedestrians SEPARATED BIKE LANES Even children feel safe & confident enough to bike in lanes that are completely separated from traffic CIRCULATE Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes. Cars share the lanes with trams in this low volume street GREENWAY Establish green corridor and stormwater treatment ACCESS This boulevard allows for trams, cars, cyclists and pedestrians all with about an equal amount of space PLACE Native plantings in this green boulevard can help recall the Czech landscape and provide a sense of place Design Principles

PAGE 73

144 145 The street already has beautiful canopy the lines the street, a rare find in the historic center but could benefit greatly from a road diet and re-purposing the new space for cyclists and pedestrians. This street is especially important because it leads to the biggest tourist destination in Prague, Old Town Square. A1 A A1 A DOMINATED BY CARS SIDEWALKS TOO NARROW UNDERUSED, TOO MANY LANES UNATTRACTIVE ASPHAULT UNCOMFORTABLE FOR PEDESTRIANS Existing Conditions 5] Existing: 3 Lane Road

PAGE 74

146 147 A1 A 5] Shopping Street Phase 1 A1 A SAFETY Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes and pedestrians SEPARATED BIKE LANES Even children feel safe & confident enough to bike in lanes that are completely separated from traffic CIRCULATE Create multi-modal streetscapes with designated paths for bikes. Cars share the lanes with trams in this low volume street GREENWAY Establish green corridor and stormwater treatment ACCESS This boulevard allows for trams, cars, cyclists and pedestrians all with about an equal amount of space PLACE Native plantings in this green boulevard can help recall the Czech landscape and provide a sense of place Design Principles

PAGE 75

148 149 BRANDING & ADVOCACY 07

PAGE 76

150 151 BRAND AND IDENTITY OF CYCLING TO INTEGRATE INTO THE URBAN FABRIC BRAND BRAND BRAND MUJ PRAHA MY PRAGUE : inspire a sense of pride and ownership of the city and its streets and encourages public activity and movement

PAGE 77

152 153 PUBLIC SPACE & ACTIVITY ENCOURAGE CYCLING AT ALL LEVELS PUBLIC OUTREACH HEALTH SUSTAINABILITY http://www.gaadi.com/cycles/news/list-of-top-countries-with-most-bicycles-per-capita http://www.onemckinney2040.com/pages/about/outreach.html https://www.thegef.org/news/investing-sustainable-cities http://revita.bg/ http://geographical.co.uk/opinion/item/2088-sharing-the-urban-commons BIKE SHARE The next step to take is to start advocating in order to create and promote a culture of cycling in Prague. A small culture already exists but the need to promote cycling as an alternate mode of transport is an important part of increasing cycling after the existing bike infrastructure has been improved and new cycling paths have been integrated into the streets. Advocacy can be used to promote cycling for cyclists at all different levels of comfort, public outreach in order to get the locals involved, and to help create and promote a new bike share system that can be used and enjoyed by locals and tourists. Educating people on the importance of promoting health, sustainability and public space and activity can help rouse people to start hitting the streets and enjoying public space instead the locals themselves ultimately leading to a better quality of life for all. Advocacy

PAGE 78

154 155 Opencyclemap.org Expatz.cz (Czech online news articles) Bike Citizens bikecitizens.net BICY The concept of development of city cycle transport and recreational cycling in the Capital City of Prague up to the year 2020 BICY Cities & Regions of Bicycles European Platform on Mobility Management (EPOMM) Bike Sharing Cycling: the way ahead for towns and cities European Commission Bicycle infrastructure: can good design encourage cycling? Angela Hull & Craig OHolleran (Interview Vratislav Filler of the NGO Auto*Mat) Prague was never considered bike friendly in the Plan Amsterdam: Cycling policy and design Putting knowledge into practice [1] Radio.cz (Czech Online News Site) [2] Portal of Prague Praha.eu [3] Praguewandering.com [4] Czech Republic: The Bradt Travel Guide Copenhagen City Of Architecture The Architecture Policy of the City of Copenhagen tal-165372 Resources

PAGE 79

A SENIOR CAPSTONE PROJECT CRISTINA SLANEY