Citation
The Yachana Agro-Educational Project

Material Information

Title:
The Yachana Agro-Educational Project project design of an agricultural education module in the Ecuadorian Amazon
Creator:
McQuillan, Daniel Patrick ( author )
University of Florida Digital Collections
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource (73 pages) : illustrations ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural land ( jstor )
Agriculture ( jstor )
Cassava ( jstor )
Corn ( jstor )
Crops ( jstor )
Fertilizers ( jstor )
High school students ( jstor )
High schools ( jstor )
Project management ( jstor )
Tillage ( jstor )
Sustainable Development Practice field practicum report M.D.P
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Abstract:
The Yachana Agro-Educational Project (YAEP) was carried out by a project team formed to design and develop a proposed agricultural project for the Ecuadorian non-profit Yachana Foundation, and its subsidiary, Yachana Technical High School (YTHS), in 2011. The team was made up of a pair of students (Kristin Lacy and Dan McQuillan) from the University of Denver (DU) enrolled in the Master of Development Practice (MDP) program, who spent their practicum working at Yachana Lodge and Technical High School in Napo Province Ecuador. The project team also included a graduate of YTHS (Fabio Legarda) who acted as the students' local liaison for the summer. In Section I (field work) this paper details how the project team came to be involved with Yachana, and how they developed the nascent idea of an agricultural project into the wider reaching and currently implemented Agricultural Skills, Management, and Administration module (ASMA Module) of YTHS. The process involved in developing this module will be referred to as the Yachana Agro-Educational Project (YAEP). Section II (post-field work) of the document presents post-practicum analysis on some of the higher level development implications of the YAEP and the ASMA Module, an economic analysis of a proposed agroforestry plot as well as the socio-economic and environmental context within which the project was situated.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
General Note:
In the University of Florida Digital Collections.
Bibliography:
The MDP Program is administered jointly by the Center for Latin American Studies and the Center for African Studies.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Daniel Patrick McQuillan.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Daniel Patrick McQuillan. Permission granted to the University of Florida to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
035387591 ( ALEPH )
1013977812 ( OCLC )
Classification:
LD1780.1 2012 ( lcc )

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! M 6$21'$01 "#6+(.!I!0+*&# $.1!*4.!/(0).11 70&&0T.2!#$!*4#1 /(0S.)*K!?*!9. 6%$ T#*4!*4.!%((#=%&!07!* 4 .!/(0S.)*!*.%,!#$! [+$.!GHII^!)0$*#$+.2!*4(0+64!*4.!P:W'!/&%$$#$6!/.(#02!%$2! *4.!:;D:!, 02+&.a1!#,/&.,.$*%*#0$^!%$2! .$2.2 #$![%$+%(>!T#*4!*4.!/(01/.)*!07!%!7#(1*!4%(=.1*K!34.!/(0S.)*!*.%,!2./%(*.2!%7*.(!*4.!:;D:!,02+&.! T%1!%//(0=.2! #$!&%*.![+&>K!:1!/.(!*4.!(.)0,,.$2%*#0$1!07!*4.!*.%,^! *4.!%6(#)+&*+(%&!.J/.(*^!'%B+#*%! [#,.$.f ^!T %1!4#(.2!*0!1+/.(=#1.!*4.!:;D:!D02+&.!%1!'(0S.)*!D%$%6.( K!?$!`)*09.(!GHII^!* 4.!:;D:! D02+&.!T%1!T(#**.$!+/!%1!/%(*!07!%$!%(*#)&.!%90+*!*4.!].0*0+(#1,!C.=.&0/,.$ *!"0+$2%*#0$ #$!*4.! \+77#$6*0$!'01*K IH 34.!/(0S.)*!*.%,!#1!1*#&&!%T%#*#$6!/(.&#,#$%(>!4%(=.1*!2%*%K ! A2<0.%& 8 = !2M%$2*% & & & !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! IH How the Geotourism Development Foundation is Changing Lives. (10/11/2011). New York: Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jetsettercom/how the geotourism develo_b_1005203.html on April 1st, 2012. :((#=%&!07!*4.! '(0S.)*! 3.%,! @W%(&>![+$.! GHIIA! N.6%$!T0(E! 0$!*4.!P:W'! @W$2!07![+$.! GHIIA! ?$*(02+)k0$! 07!$.T! W2+)%k0$%&! ;*(+)*+(.!*0! P3\;! @'(%)k)+,! >.%(!l!UA! @D#2R[+&>! GHIIA! ://(0=%&!07! *4.!:;D:! D02+&.! @8%*.![+&>! GHIIA! C./%(*+(.!07! *4.!P:W'! '(0S.)*! 3.%,!@8%*.! [+&>!GHIIA! \#(#$6!07!*4.! :6(0$0,#1*! @;./*!GHIIA! N.6#$$#$6!07! '(%)k)+,! P.%(!%$2! :;D:! D02+&.! @D#2R;./*! GHIIA! _(#*.!+/!#$! *4.! \+m$6*0$! '01*! @`)*!GHIIA! I1*!\%(=.1*! @[%$!GHIGA!

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PAGE 23

! GU !"#$%&89&&-*('.M"+2'*&'*&).'L&7L"12* ? & ?.'L',%/ & ).'L, & Products: Crop Spacing: Maturation Period: Yield (Kg por Ha): 16 >U+."9 & & & & & & & R tIH R IG!40+(1!07! 1+$!/.(!2%> & Kidney Bean 100/120 days Caigua 70x80cm 90 days Chili Pepper 25cmx85cm 80 days Bananas 3mx3m 12 months *1260/35339 Eggplant 70x70cm 10 months Sweet Potato 30cmx90cm 120 days 1525 White Onion 20x20cm 120 days Black Bean 70x30cm 90/120 days 248, 214 Butter Bean 70x30cm 100/120 days Lettuce 60 days 6053 Lime 2 years 1382 Maize 1x30cm 120/150 days *770 2200 Peanut 1x20 90 days 1600 Melon 2x50cm 90 days 6245 Orange 2.50x2m 2 years *1440/3465/74 37 Ortiga 1x1m 120 days Heart of Palm 2x3m 2 years *1640 Papachina 1mx1m ---Papaya 3x3m 8/10 months 10,983 Cucumber 110x40 cm 90 days 5133 Peppers ( Capsicum) 1x50cm 80 days 2058 Pineapple 70x40 1 year /1.5 years 920 16381 Plantain 3m x3m 12 months 2520 4963 Watermelon 1.50x3m 90 days 6235 Tomate de arbol ( local) 2x2m 10 months *5270 Tomato 90X30cm 50 90 days 20,601 Green Beans 40x50cm 80/120 days 407 Yuca (Cassava) 1x80cm 3 12 months 1880 3119 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! IY "0 02!%$2!:6(#)+&*+(.!`(6%$#f%*#0$!07!*4.!<$#*.2!V%*#0$1K!@GHIGAK! N!5+6!6;*:#43&%($40K -.*(#.=.2!7(0,! 4**/Ojj7%01*%*K7%0K0(6j1#*.jUUQj2.7%+&*K%1/J 0$!:/(#&!IU*4^!GHIGK

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! GQ (.%&#*>!07!*4.!>0+*4!07!*4.!(.6#0$ K!?$!(.1/0$1.!*0!*4#1!2#&.,,%^! 4.!P%)4%$%!"0+$2%*#0$!(.T(0*. #*1! ,#11#0$!*0!70)+1!0$!.2+)%*#0$ %$2!1+1*%#$%9#&#*> K! 34#1!)4%$6.!07!2#( .)*#0$!T%1!0/.(%*#0$%&#f.2!#$!*4.! GHHX!0/.$#$6!07!*4.!P%)4%$%!3. )4$#)%&!\#64!;)400& ^!%$2!# *!T#&&!9.!70&&0T.2! 9>!*4.!0/.$#$6!07!*4.! P%)4%$%!3.)4$# )%&!?$1*#*+*. K!34.1.!*T0!#$1*#*+*.1!90*4!#$)0(/0(%*.!$0$ R *(%2#*#0$%&!,.*4021!07! .2+)%*#0$ ^ %$2!#$=0&=.!,+)4!/(% )*#)%&!*(%#$#$6j.2+)%*#0$K!34.!)+((#)+&+,!*(%)E1!0$!077.(!%*!*4.!?$1*#*+*.! T#&&!9.!0(#.$*.2!*0T%(21!*4.!(.%&#*>!07!>0+$6!6(%2+%*.1K!34.1.!#$)&+2.!2#/&0,%1!#$!50$1.(=%*#0$!%$2! "0(.1*(>^!;,%&&!W$6#$.!-./%#(!@90%*!%$2!,0*0(9#E.A ^ %$2!W)0*0+(#1,!@40*.&!,%$%6., .$*^!)%*.(#$6!%$2! (.)(.%*#0$%&!6+#2#$6AK GY ! ? $!GHHM ^ *4. 60=.($,.$*!07!W)+%20(! 6(%$* .2 *4.!.$=#(0$,.$*!#$%&#.$%9&.! )0$1*#*+*#0$%&! (#64*1 T4#)4! )0+&2!9.!)&%#,.2!70(!#*!9>!%$>!)#*#f.$ K GZ ! 34#1!2.)#1#0$!4%1!&.2!*0!$.T!&%T1!(.6%(2#$6!.$=#(0$,.$*%&! /(0*.)*#0$ ^ % $2!*4.!#,/&.,.$*%*#0$!07!1+1*%#$%9&.!2.=.&0/,.$*!/(%)*#).1K GM ?*! #1 *4.(.70(.!/.(*#$.$*! *4%*!.2+)%*#0$!#$)&+2.!90*4!*4.!1E#&&1!$.).11%(>!*0!1+1*%#$!&#=.鱕!#$!*4.!(.6#0$ ^!%$2!*4.!*.%)4#$61 (.B+#(.2!*0!7+$)*#0$!.77.)*#=.&>!#$!*4.!)+((.$*!1+1*%#$%9&.!2.=. &0/,.$*!)&#,%*.!07!*4.! 5#$10(1 K! O4%)'*O1>1' P%)4%$%!3.)4$#)%&!\#64!;)400&!%$2!P%)4%$%!8026.!%(.!%2S%).$*!*0!*4.!)0,,+$#*>!07!D0$2%p%!@/0/K! XHHAK!34.(.!%(.!$0!(0%21!*4%*!6(%$* %)).11! *0! %$>!07!*4.1.!&0)%*# 0 $1K!:&&!7002^!1+//&#.1^!1*%77^!%$2! =#1#*0(1 )0,.! #$!9>!(#=.(K!34.!%2,#$#1*(%*0(1!07!*4.!8026.!%$2!P3\;!60!*0!*4.!,%(E.*1!#$!*4.!1,%&&! )0,,+$#*#.1!07!801!-#01!@34+(12%>1 R )0$$.)*.2!*0!*4.!(0%2!*0!3.$%A!%$2!:6+%!;%$*%1!@;%*+(2%> R )0$$.)*.2!*0!*4.!(0%2!*0!80(.**0!%$2!50)%A!*0!/+()4%1.!*4.!1+//&#.1!$.).11%(>! 70(!90*4!0/.(%*#0$1K! N0*4!,%(E.*1!%(.!$0!,0(.!*4%$!%!7.T!,#&.1!+/!0(!20T$1*(.%,!07!D0$2%p% ^ 9+*!*4.!60021!10&2!%*!*4.1.! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! GY C0+6&%1!D)D..E#$^!C#(.)*0(!07!P%)4%$%!"0+ $2%*#0$K!'.(10$%&!50,,+$#)%*#0$O![%$+%(> R :+6+1*!GHII 27 Republic of Ecuador. (20/10/2008). Title II: Chapter 7 The Rights of Nature : Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador. Retrieved from 4**/Ojj/29%K6.0(6.*0T$K.2+j50$1*#*+*#0$1jW)+%20(j.$6HMK4*,& 0$!:/(#&!U(2^!GHIGK! GM -#.)E,%$$^!D%()h!:20, x .$*^!D%#Eh!\ y (2&*.^!_.($.(h!%$2!:6+#((.^!'%*(#)#%K!!@GHIIAK! +&-()$0)8'1*M1>1'4B210(* )03*<40-1#>)($40*4=*H$43$>1#-$(I*R4(-B4(-*$0*O)($0 !21#$%);*691*<)-1*4=*7%&)34# K! H$43$>1#-$(I*R4(-B4(* W2 K b%)401^! "(%$E!%$2!\%9.&^![%$!54(#1*#%$K N.(&#$O!;/(#$6.(K

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! UI &. %2.(1!%$2!.77#)#.$*!%2,#$#1*(%*0(1!07!$%*+(%&!(.10+().1^!%$2!*0!6#=.!=#%9&.!.)0$0,#)!%$2!1+1*%#$%9&.! %&*.($%*#=.1!*0!*4.!/.0/&.!T40!)%&&!*4 .!:,%f0$!-%#$70(.1*!*4.#(!40,.Ko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f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f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jjTTTK>%)4%$%K0(6K.)j0+(qT0(EK/4/ 0$! :/(#&!U(2^!GHIGK UI Alavalapati, Jan aki R. R.; Mercer, D. Evan; and Montambault, Jensen R. (2004). Agroforestry Systems and Valuation Methodologies: An Overview Valuing Agroforestry Systems: Methods and Applications Edited by Janaki R.R. Alavalapati and D. Evan Mercer, Kluwer Academic Publ ishers.

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! UQ 3%9&.!L!#1!*4.!/(0S.)* .2 9+26.*!70(!*4.!:;D:! D02+&.!0=.(!*4.!$.J*!*4(..! 1)400&!>.%(1 @ "%&&!GHII!*0! ;/(#$6!GHILAK C +.!*0! *4.! 1*%(*!+/!)01*1!07!*00&! /+()4%1.1 ^ *4.!.1*#,%*.2!9+26.*!#1!1+91*%$*#%&&>! 4#64.(!#$! P.%(!IK!\0T.=.(^!*4.!9+26.* 1 70( P.%(!G!%$2!U!%(.!,+)4!&0T .(^!%$2!%(.!/(#,%(#&>!*4.!'(0S.)*!D%$%6.(a1! 1%&%(>^!%$2!*4.!)01*!07!(./&%)#$6!*00&1!0(!9+>#$6!1..21 K 5%/#*%&!7+$21!T#&&!)0,.!7(0,!P3\;a!9+2 6.*!@T4#)4! #1! 6(.%*&>!(.2+).2 2+(#$6!*4.!/(%)*#)+,!>.%(!9.)%+1.!*4.(.!%(.!7.T.(!*.%)4.(1!.,/&0>.2!9>!*4.!1)400&A ^! %$2!6(%$*!T(#*#$6j7+$2!(%#1#$6!%)*#=#*#.1K!-.)+((.$*!%$2!0/.(%*#$6!)01*1!T#&&!9.!)0=.(.2!*4(0+64!*4.!1%&.! 07!)(0/1!/(02+).2!9>!*4.!D02+&.!@*0! *4.!8026.!%$2!*0!$.%(9>!,%(E.*1AK !"#$%&69&& Q0/<%+ & Yachana Agro Educational Project Yachana Technical High School & Yachana Foundation Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total Expenditures (amounts in USD) Basic Farm Tools $1,000 $400 $300 $1,7 00 Weed Eater and g asoline (x4) $ 900 $ 50 $ 50 $ 1,0 00 Plastic Tanks for Organic Fertilizer $ 1,000 $ 200 $ 0 $1 ,200 Seeds and Seedlings $300 $200 $100 $600 Other Inputs (lime, calcium, organic repellents etc.) $200 $100 $100 $400 Supervisor (3 visits per module/month 24 to 27 per year) $665 $665 $670 $2,000 Project Total $ 4,065 $ 1,61 5 $1,22 0 $6 ,9 00 7%4042$%*!0)'I-$* :$!.)0$0,#)!%$%&>1#1!T%1!)0$2+)*.2!*0!%1).(*%#$!*4.!/0*.$*#%&!0+*)0,.1!07!%!/(0/01.2!%&&.>!)(0//#$6! 1>1*.,!)0,9#$#$6!,%#f.!@ Z1)*2)IA!T#*4!*4.!14(+9!3(#)4%$*4.( %!@ 6#$%9)0(91#)*"$")0(1) A^!%$2!%!/0()#$.! 0/.(%*#0$K!34#1!)0+&2!9.!%!/0*.$*#%&!/&0*!2.1#6$!+1.2!%1!/%(*!07!*4.!:;D:!,02+&.K!!34#1!%6(070(.1*(>! 1>1*.,!T%1 *4.$! )0,/%(.2!T#*4!%!,0$0)(0/!1>1*.,!07!,%#f.K!34.!*T0!1>1*.,1!T.(.!.=%&+%*.2 0=.(!%!

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! XG 4%0'0 # 20G/.".O ## F6#-%40.D)-/.#1"25)B%0'0#1/2".#0-1"#-02"&"#4"."#46"&)$)(".#0&#(/&-0(%0&()"#4"."#06#-):%)0&10#2*'%6/# '0#6/-#0-1%')"&10-> & Las siguientes parcelas de tierra podrÂ’an estar utilizados en el proyecto agrÂ’cola (En escrito significa que el cultivo no es presente pero planificado): & K # P>QRS # 201./-#(%"'."'/# '0#1)0.." # 0-1C& # -)&#(%61)D /& 8".(06" # TU # A.2@'$%,J & [01"J&M"f`&[ & M"*f & 8".(06" # VU # F-4)&"(" 7 # "G) 7 # 5/./G* 7#":%"("107 # 46C1"&/7#&"."&G" 7 # #%.%*@%*" J&L%L2*'J&+'M"+2$$'J & 1%#'$$"& #$"*1" J & 12$"*+.' 3:2%.#2+" J&H"2 *2+", # 8".(06"#W U#9G ; 7# $%1:0<"J&:2%.#2+"J&L"L" & 1:2*"J & M%$j*J&,"*/f" J&L2M2%*+'J&'1." # # K # TX>VYW # 201./-#(%"'."'/-#'0 # 46C1"&/# Z # 5"&"&"& # # 8".(06" # XU # 86C1"&/ # 3 # 1"M'+% # # # # 8".(06" # SU # 86C1"&/ # 3# [01" & # # 8".(06" # RU # 86C1"&/ # 3 # 3%(" # K # S>RRT # 201./-#(%"'."'/-#'0 # ".5/60-#& / N 4./'%(1)D/ # I 6)2/&0J & # # 8".(06" # YU # 6)2*& 7# M"."10[gJ & *"."*@2$$" J & "1:'1:" J & ,2/."['+" # K # W>[[Q # 201./-#(%"'."'/-#'0 # ("\"#'0#"@A(".#I "#06)2)&".#3#.00246"@". J & # # 8".(06" # PU # ?2Z" & [&Q"*"*' # K # TY>P[Y # 201./-#(%"'."'/# '0#10..0&/ # -)&#"-):&". # K # W>TYQ # 201./-#(%"'."'/-#'0 # 3%(" # -)&#"-):&". & # 7-(4*#1B#1-10()*&0) B#43&%%$_0*(4()' B4(10%$)' 31*V.T 91%(`#1)K # # & 7'*<4'1"$4*1-B1#)*^&1*'4-*)'&204-*)3^&$1#)0*')-*-$"&$10(1-*9)8$'$3)31-*31-*)*(#)>a-*31*1-(1*B#4I1%(4; # # # YK*!3^&$#$#*')*%)B)%$3)3*-&=$%$10(1**B)#)*"1-($40)#*-&-*B#4B$4-*01 "4%$4-K & & 4&(2*&/%& & L.'H%%.& & "$2M %*+',&L"."&%$&1'$%<2'&[&%$&G'/<% J&$',&%,+0/2"*+%,&+%*/.g*&k0%&L$"*2(21".&,0,&121$',&/%&,2%M#." & "&(2*&/%& k0%& $"&1',%1:"&1'2*12/"&1'*&$",&*%1%,2/"/%,&/%&$",&1'12*",5 & G',&%,+0/2"*+%,&%,+" .g*&%*1".<"/',&/%&$$%H".&$',&L.'/01+',&/ %& $",&L".1%$",&"&$",&1'12*",&L%.M2+2%*/'& %$&"L.%*/2`"@%&/%&:"#2$2/"/%,&/%&1'M0*21"12j*&%ML.%,".2"$5 & & & TK !B#1031#*9)8$'$3)31-*31*)"#4042])*-4-(10$8'1 ! !'/',&$',&%,+0/2"*+%,&+%*/.g*&k0%&"L.%*/%.&,'#.%&L$"*+",& k0%&"1+l"*&1'M'&.%L%$%*+%&/%& L$"<",&b1"$i*/0$",J & /"$2",J&%+1cJ& $',&2*,%1+',&#%*%(212',',&k0%&"1+l"*&1'M'&.%L%$%*+%,&"&$",&L$"<",J&[&M%`1$",&k0fM21",&*"+0."$%,&k0%&,%&L0%/%*&"L$21".&"&$",& /2(%.%*+%,&L$"*+",5 & >,+',&2*,0M', & 2*1$0[%*&(%.+2$2`"*+%,&'.4-*31*')*#1"$_0*!2)?_0$%) & G"&1'12*"&/%$&)'$%<2' & [ & /%$ & G'/<%&'(.%1% & M%*l,&.%<2'*"$%,&"L.'L2"/',J&2*1$0[%*/'& (.0+',&[&H%./0.",&k0%&,'*&1'M0*%,&%*&$"& 4M"`'*f"&> 10"+'.2"*"5 & G',&%,+0/2"*+%,&"L.%*/%.g*& & 121$',&/%&10$+2H'J&.%*/2M2%*+',J&L$ "<",&1'M0*%,&[&,0,&.%L%$%*+%,& *"+0."$%,J&$',&/2,+2*+',&0,',&[&102/"/',&<%*%."$%,&*%1%,".2',&L"."& M"*+%*%.& %,+',&10$+2H',&b[01"J&L$g+"*',J&1"M'+%J&: 2%.#2+"J& +'M"+2$$'J&L"L"&1:2*" J&M"f`J&%+15c & & & cK +4-(10$8$'$3)3*I*-1"&#$3)3*)'$210()#$) & & 4$&1'*,0$+".&1'*&$"& 1'12*"J&$',&"$0M*',&1'ML.%*/%.g*&M%@'.&$",&*%1%,2/"/%,&/%&"M#',&$0<".%,5 & 70&+."#"@'&%,& & L.'H%%.& L.'/01+',&L"."&,0&0,'&1'*+2*0'&%*&$"&1'12*"&/%$&)'$%<2'&.%/01 2.g&$',&<",+',&M%*,0"$%,&/%$ & )'$%<2'5 & 70&+."#"@'&+"M#2i*&$%,& L%.M2+2.g&L%.12#2.&$"&1'..%$"12j*&/2.% 1+"&%*+.%&$"&<%,+2j*&/%&$"&+2%.."J&$"&,',+%*2#2$2/"/&[&$"&,%<0.2/"/&"$2M%*+".2"J&["&k0%& 1'*,0M%*&L.'/01+',&k0%&:"*&1',%1:"/'5 & & #

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