Citation
Water management assessment, from a social perspective, at the University of Indonesia Depok Campus and green infrastructure recommendations

Material Information

Title:
Water management assessment, from a social perspective, at the University of Indonesia Depok Campus and green infrastructure recommendations
Creator:
Jaimes Mayor, Iliana Marcela ( author )
University of Florida Digital Collections
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource (162 pages) : illustrations ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Bodies of water ( jstor )
Floods ( jstor )
Lakes ( jstor )
Mayors ( jstor )
Rain ( jstor )
Recommendations ( jstor )
Water management ( jstor )
Water pollution ( jstor )
Water resources ( jstor )
Water usage ( jstor )
Sustainable Development Practice field practicum report M.D.P
Genre:
Project in Lieu of Thesis ( local )
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Abstract:
For my Field Practicum (FP), the capstone requirement of the MDP program, I studied water resource management at the University of Indonesia (UI) campus located in Depok, Indonesia. This region of Indonesia (Java Island) has suffered serious problems of water pollution as well as flooding due to extreme weather (heavy storms). In order to propose appropriate prevention and mitigation measures, it is important to better understand these problems and their causes. This Field Practicum is part of the first phase of an initiative across three universities located on different continents. This initiative aims to analyze and evaluate water management in each urban setting and propose how to improve effectiveness in water infiltration and its purification, through the use of existing gray infrastructure and the implementation or improvement of green infrastructure approaches. During this FP, I collected and analyzed data on water management at the University of Indonesia (Depok campus) and in the surrounding areas. My objective was to better understand water management in this location and the relation between people and water resources in this context. I applied the following study methods: ethnographic observation, participatory mapping, surveys, and interviews. The ethnographic observations allowed me to better understand the UI campus social and physical context. The participatory mapping was a tool used to identify the water uses, pollution sources, and flood prone areas, as well as to understand students' knowledge on these matters. I conducted surveys with representatives of the academic community as well as with outsiders in order to compare the different perceptions about water management in this location. Finally, I conducted interviews with students, and professors with expertise in water management and other related topics. ( ,,,,, )
Abstract:
As results of this field practicum, it was obtained that water is a highly valued and necessary resource (as it is in most cultures), and that in Indonesia water consumption has other applications in addition to the common ones in other western contexts, such as the practice of wudu, and the use of hoses for personal cleaning in restrooms. In terms of water pollution, it was found that wastewater treatment is very poor as the main technique used is septic tanks, which are likely to contaminate groundwater wells. Likewise, it was found that one of the main sources of water pollution on the university campus and in its surroundings is the inadequate disposal of the solid residues generated on campus and on the negiborhoods around UI. On the other hand, it was found that despite the high precipitations are common in the area, and although there are some small floods, they are not perceived as major events by the community, since the area that suffers from serious and major floods is the lower part of the city where central and north of Jakarta are located. Likewise, although Indonesian University has a high presence of green infrastructure, due to the presence of forests and gardens, water management problems can possibly be improved with the implementation of new green infrastructure techniques on campus. A rainwater harvesting technique can be used as part of the fresh water supply system of the UI campus. Also a wetland system on the campus' lakes (on the edges and at the middle) can help to improve water quality along the campus' water system. Finally, a permeable pavement can be implemented in some of the road segments that get flooded during the rainy season, as well as rain gardens along the road and at the departments that are more likely to present inundations during the wet season.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
General Note:
In the University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note:
The MDP Program is administered jointly by the Center for Latin American Studies and the Center for African Studies.
Statement of Responsibility:
Iliana Marcela Jaimes Mayor.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Iliana Marcela Jaimes Mayor. Permission granted to the University of Florida to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
035387587 ( ALEPH )
1013977912 ( OCLC )
Classification:
LD1780.1 2017 ( lcc )

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!"#$%&'(#)#*%(%)$'#++%++(%)$,'-&.('#'+./0#1'2%&+2%/$03%,'#$'$4%'5)03%&+0$6'.-'0)7.)%+0#' 7%2.8'/#(25+'#)7'*&%%)'0)-&#+$ &5/$5&%'&%/.((%)7#$0.)+9 :;<='>,'?@>A ' DXDJYJ!KJZM[XJ!\JDK[P!KJ]?Z! H KNI! H C^ ( *) # [YPQc-'.Y49%:8$'!"")$4'`$:"<$44'd:6#9%:*$4=-'[9)#7'Y49%:8$'P$#2%'Q$"$;252"#'c:6#%:*#-'ABC]-'' 7##1EFF5,-6%$"6<9%5$#:W2'O62'9<'R%22"' N"<%$6#%)*#)%2=-'_9442;2'S<'c26:;"&'_9"6#%)*#:9"'$"8'@4$"":";-'O":W2%6:#,'9<'Y49%:8$-'ABCn-'' 7##1EFF;;:-8*1-)<4-28)F ' [:5$%5$#$&'cH$526#2%-'._4:5$#2'*7$";2'$"8' G$#2%'6*$%*:#,=-'>72'?$+$%#$'@96#-'ABC]-' 7##1EFFGGG-#72H$+$%#$196#-*95F"2G6FABC]FCAFADF*4:5$#2 J *7$";2 J $"8 J G$#2% J 6*$%*:#,-7#54 ' [9"$4:&'?$:" J _7$"8%$'$"8'9#72%6-'.[7$%:";'#72'R%9G#7'c:W:82"8E'!"$4,6:6'9<'N"2i)$4:#,':"'!6:$=-'N"#2%"$#:9"$4'Q9"2#$%,'Y9)"8'UNQYV-'ABCD-' 7##16EFFGGG-:5<-9%;F20#2%"$4F1)36F<#FG1FABCDFG1CDn\-18< ' [)G$%#7$&'a,95$"-'.ON'($+26E'@9#2"#:$46'$"8'_7$442";26=-'O":W2%6:#,'9<'N"89"26:$-'ABC]-' 7##1EFF;;:-8*1-)<4-28)F^4:3%$%,F<:426F@%262"#$#:9"XABc$,XABCFONXAB($+26 J XAB@9#2"#:$4XAB$"8XAB_7$442";26-18< ' $ >$432%#7&'?97"'$"8'd$"69"&'_%$:;-'.R%22"'W6-'R%$,'N"<%$6#%)*#)%2E'P72"'a$#)%2'N6'K2##2%'#7$"'_9"*%2#2=-'P9%48'`269)%*26'N"6#: #)#2-' ABCA-' ' 7##1EFFGGG-G%:-9%;F349;FABCAFBDF;%22" J W6 J ;%$, J :"<%$6#%)*#)%2 J G72" J "$#)%2 J 32##2% J *9"*%2#2 ' >20:2%&'@$)4:"2&'UABB\V'MY49986':"'?$+$%#$E'G72"'#72' 20#%252'%2W2$46'8$:4,'6#%)*#)%$4'*9"6#%$:"#6'$"8'5:65$"$;252"#M&'c:6$6#2%'@%2W2"#:9"'$"8' Q$"$;252"#E'!"'N"#2%"$#:9"$4'?9)%"$4&'g94-'CI'N66)2E'j&'11-j]\ J jIA 7##1EFFGGG-252%$48: "6:;7#-*95F89:F<)44FCB-CCB\FBbD]j]DB\CB\\IA\n ' >72'_94)53:$'/42*#%9":*'/"*,*49128:$-'.?$+$%#$=-' _94)53:$'O":W2%6:#,'@%266-' ABCA-' 7##1EFFGGG-:"<9142$62-*95F2"*,*49128:$FG9%48FH$+$%#$-7#54 ' >795$6'Q-'(29"$%8-'ABBD-'N"89"26:$-'N"'/"*,*49128:$'9<'#72'c2W2491:";'P9%48''U1;'\B\ J \CAV-''g94)52'A''UY J aV-'a2G'p9%+&'apE'`9)#428;2&'>$,49%' m'Y%$"*:6'R%9)1-' >:5'($532%#-'.!'3%:2<'7:6#9%,'9<'N"89" 26:$=-'(9*$4'd:6#9%:26'S%;$":T$#:9"-'ABCI-' 7##1EFFGGG-49*$47:6#9%:26-9%;F:"89"26:$-7#54 ' 5 ON-'.d:6#9%,=-'O":W2%6:#$6'N"89"26:$-'ABCI-'' 7##1EFFGGG-):-$*-:8F2"F$39)# J )6F$39)# J ):F7:6#9%,-7#54 ' ON'N"#2%"$#:9"$4'S<<:*2-'.!39)#'?$+$%#$'$"8'c219+=-'O":W2%6:#$6'N"89"26:$-' 7##1EFF:"#2%"$#:9"$4-):-$*-:8F$39)# J H$+$%# $ J 8219+-7#54 ' ON'N"#2%"$#:9"$4'9<<:*2-'.R%22"'*$51)6=-'O":W2%6:#$6'N"89"26:$'-'ABCI 7##1EFF:"#2%"$#:9"$4-):-$*-:8F;%22" J *$51)6-7#54 ' Oa-'.P9%48Z6'191)4$#:9"':"*%2$6:";4,')%3$"'G:#7'59%2'#7$"'7$4<'4:W:";':"')%3$"'$%2$6=-'O":#28'a$#:9"6-'ABCn-' 7##1EFFGGG-)"-9%;F2"F82W249152"#F826$F "2G6F191)4$#:9"FG9%48 J )%3$":T$#:9" J 1%9612*#6 J ABCn-7#54 ' Oac@-''.d)5$"'c2W249152"#'N"8:*$#9%6=-'d)5$"'c2W249152"#'`219%#6&'O":#28'a$#:9"6-'ABCD-' 7##1EFF78%-)"81-9%;F2"F*9)"#%:26F1%9<:426FNca ' Oac @-'.d)5$"'c2W249152"#'`219%#6=-'O":#28'a$#:9"6'c2W249152"#'@%9;%$552-'ABCD' 7##1EFF78%-)"81-9%;F2"F*9"#2"#F7)5$" J 82W249152"# J :"820 J 78: ' OaR!-'.`2694)#:9"'DnFAbAE'>72'7)5$"'%:;7#'#9' G$#2%'$"8'6$":#$#:9"=-'O":#28'a$#:9"6'R2"2%$4'!662534,-'ABCB' 7##1EFFGGG-)"-9%;FG$#2%<9%4:<282*$82F7)5$"^%:;7#^#9^G$#2%-67#54 ' O[!Nc-'./"W:%9"52"#$4'[2*)%:#,':"'N"89"26:$=-'O[!Nc-'ABCI-' 7##16EFFGGG-)6$:8-;9WF:"89"26:$F2"W:%9"52"# ' O[_c-'._4:5$#2':"'>$44$7$6622&'Y49%:8$=-'O['_4:5$#2'c$#$-'ABCI-' 7##1EFFGGG-)6*4:5$#28$#$-*95F*4:5$#2F<49%:8$F)":#28 J 6#$#26FjCIb ' O[c!-'.P$#2%'Q$"$;252"#=-'a$#)%$4'`269)%*26'_9"62%W$#:9"'[2%W:*2&'O":#28'[#$#26'c21$%#52"#'9<'!;%:*)4#)%2-'ABCI-' 7##16EFFGGG-"%*6-)68$-;9WFG16F19%#$4F"%*6F5$:"F"$#:9"$4FG$#2%F5$"$;2F ' 3 g:2665$"&'P$%%2"'?%-'.N"#2;%$#28'P$#2%'Q$"$;252"#=-'O":W2%6:#,'9<'Y49%:8$-'CbbI' 7##1EFF)*9G%-9%;F<:426F!*7:2W28^?9)%"$4^N66)26FgCBD^!CN"#2;%$#28XABP$#2%XABQ$"$;252"#-18< ' g944$$%8&'!-'Q-&'!4:&'[-&'[52#&'?-&'d2"%:&'W-'!-&'m'$4&'2-'UA BB]V-'.!'6)%W2,'9<'#72'6)114,'$"8'3$*#2%:949;:*'i)$4:#,'9<'8%:"+:";'G$#2%'$"8'6$":#$#:9"':"' ?$+$%#$&'N"89"26:$=-'[9)#72$6#'!6:$"'?9)%"$4'9<'>%91:*$4'Q28:*:"2'$"8'@)34:*'d2$4#7&'jDUDV&'C]]A J DC-' 7##1EFF62$%*7-1%9i)26#-*95F89*W:2GFABCn]j]nne1i J 9%:;6:#2l;6*794$% ' ' P/@!-'.[#$#2'9<'G$#2%'2"W:%9"52"#$4':66)26&'N"89"26:$=-'P$#2%'/"W:%9"52"#'@$%#"2%67:1':"'!6:$-'ABCI-' 7##1EFFGGG-G21$ J 83-"2#F194:*:26F6#$#2F:"89"26:$F:"89"26:$-7#5 ' PdS-'._4:5$#2'*7$";2'$"8'7)5$"'72$4#7' J %:6+6'$"8'%2619"626=-'P9%48'd2$4#7'S%;$":T$#:9"-''ABCI-' 7##1EFFGGG-G79-:"#F;493$4*7$";2F6)55$%,F2"F:"820CA-7#54 ' PdS-'.d2$4#7'6:#)$#:9"'$#'N"89"26:$=-'_9)"#%,'_9912%$#:9"'[#%$#2;,-'P9%48'd24$#7'S%;$":T$#:9"-'ABCI-' 7##1EFFGGG-G79-:"#F*9)"#%,<9*)6F*9912%$#:9"^6#%$#2;,F**63%:2<^:8"^2"-18< ' P:44:$5'd-'Y%282%:*+'$"8'`932%#'(-'P9%82"&'28:#9%6-'N"89"26:$E'!'_9)"#%,'[#)8,-'P$67:";#9"E'R@S'<9%'#72'(:3%$%,'9<'_9";%266&' Cbbj-''

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!"#$%&'(#)#*%(%)$'#++%++(%)$,'-&.('#'+./0#1'2%&+2%/$03%,'#$'$4%'5)03%&+0$6'.-'0)7.)%+0#' 7%2.8'/#(25+'#)7'*&%%)'0)-&#+$ &5/$5&%'&%/.((%)7#$0.)+9 :;<='>,'?@>A ' DXDJYJ!KJZM[XJ!\JDK[P!KJ]?Z! H KNI! H C^ ( ** # 7##1EFF*9)"#%,6#)8:26-)6F:"89"26:$F]D-7#5 ' PS-'.N"89"26:$=-'P$#2%'S%;$":T$#:9"-'ABCI-'' 7##16EFFG$#2%-9%;F9)% J :51$*#F:"89"26:$F ' P9%48'K$"+-'._9) "#%:26'$%2$6':"'6i)$%2'+:4952#2%6=-'P9%48'K$"+-'ABCI' 7##1EFF8$#96-3$"*95)"8:$4-9%;F:"8:*$89%F!R-[`Y->S>(-fAeW:2Gl*7$%# ' P9%48'K$"+-'.c:6*)66:";'R%22"'R%9G#7'$#'#72'N"89"26:$ R%22"'N"<%$6#%)*#)%2'[)55:#=-'>72'P9%48'K$"+-'ABC]' 7##1EFFGGG-G9%483$"+-9%;F2"F"2G6F<2$#)%2FABC]FBDFBbF8:6*)66:"; J ;%2 2" J ;%9G#7 J $# J #72 J :"89"26:$ J ;%22" J :"<%$6#%)*#)%2 J 6)55:# ' P9%48'K$"+-'.N"89"26:$'_9"#20#=-'>72'P9%48'K$"+-''ABCI-' 7##1EFFGGG-G9%483$"+-9%;F2"F*9)"#%,F:"89"26:$F9W2%W:2G ' P9%48'K$"+-'.N"89"26:$'/*9"95:*'c$#$=-'>72'P9%48'K$"+'R%9)1-'ABCI-' 7##1EFF8$#$-G9%483$"+-9%;F*9)"#%,F:"89"26:$ P9%48'K$"+-'.N"89"26:$'SW2%W:2G=-'>72'P9%48'K$"+-'' 7##1EFFGGG-G9%483$"+-9%;F2"F*9)"#%,F:"89"26:$F9W2%W:2GrC ' P9%48'K$"*+-'.N"89"26:$Z6')%3$"'7:6#9%,=-'>72'P9%48'K$"+-'ABCD' 7##1EFFGGG-G9%483$"+-9%;F2"F"2G6F<2$#)%2FABCDFBDFCnF:"89"26:$ J )%3$" J 6#9%, ' P9%48'K$"+-'.?$+$%#$'O%;2"#'Y4998'Q:#:;$#:9"'@%9H2*#=-'>72'P9%48'K$"+-'ABCn-' 7##1EFFGGG-G9%483$"+-9%;F2"F%26)4#6FABCnFBbFCBFH$+$%#$ J 252%;2"*, J 8%28;:"; J :":#:$#:W2 J 1%9H2*# ' P9%48'K$"+-'.f"9G428;2'<9%'c2W249152"#=-'P9%48'c2W249152"#'`219%#-'>72'P9%48'K$"+-'Cbbb' 7##16EFF399+6-;99;42*95F399+6e:8l9p0$ J b"T]#9_m1;l@!CBDm41;l@!CBDm8il+"9G428;2o1944)#:9"oG$#2%o:"89"26:$m69)%*2l34m9#6l?q4/*`#^$Bm6:;l)i2:`n>1Rb[Y_^OhD!/NpH!(rWl9"21$;2mil+"9G428;2XAB1944)#:9"XABG$#2%XAB:"89"26:$m72'P9%48'K$"+-'ABCn-' 7##1EFFGGG-G9%483$"+-9%;F2"F*9)"#%,F:"89"26:$F3%:272'P9%48'K99+'/"*,*49128:$-'ABBn-' ' 6 p'a)%&'['Y$T:&'h'd$"'$"8'a'P:%H9$#598H9-'.>9G$%86'G:62'*9$6#$4'5$"$;252"#'1%$*#:*2':"'$'#%91:*$4'52;$*:#, w ?$+$%#$=-'ABBC-'' 7##1EFFGGG-6*:2"*28:%2*#-*95F6*:2"*2F$%#:*42F1::F[ BbDn]DbCBCBBB]nB !

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APPENDIX A. ETHNOGRAPHIC OBSERVATION ( NOTES )

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OBSERVATION # 1 ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT FAKULTAS EKONOMIK Date: June 20, 2016 Time: 2:05 pm Place: The sector was chosen near the main fountain in the entrance area to buildings of the department. It is a sunny cloudy day, the temperature is about 32 C according to AccuWeather application. There are several young people in the area, sitting on the stairs at the entrance of the department of Economics at UI. The place is shaped like a square. In front, there is a group of young people composed of 7 men and 1 woman who are using 3 laptops and 1 cell phone. Also they are having a chat They are apparently doing work or studying. Next to them, there is a larger group of young people, consisting of 12 men and 3 women. Some of them are talking, others using laptop and other s looking at their cell phone Apparently, they are not studying rather sharing time together On one side are two girls, sitting on the stairs, apparently waiting for something or someone. A group of youngsters approach them to talk to one of them, those are 3 women and 2 men, who remain standing while chatting with the girls sited on the stairs. There are several students crossing along the square, going from one building to another. Also 2 guys were crossing the area, with uniform, apparently UI workers. There are some other y oung people crossing from the parking lot to the fountain, apparently undergraduates because they look like between 18 to 25 years old. The groups are somewhat dynamic, as some students come and leave the place. Others approach other groups to ask a questi on, or to chat. Some students are noted, especially in the large group, where 2 men and 1 woman are talking and laughing in a higher voice. It is observed that some women use hijab, while others do not. It is estimated that more or less a little more than half of the women observed wear hijab, while slightly less than half of the women observed, do not use it. Most young people use backpack, and some computer, so probably they might be UI students. Some men of a more advanced age, have crossed the area, ap parently using a uniform of a yellow shirt with colors, and black pants. According to their dress style, we can say that these men are likely to be UI employees. Soon came a young woman, who sat on one side of the place, on the stairs. She was alone and be gan to check her cell phone. A few minutes later came 2 young men to greet her. To my right side is the main fountain of the economics department, at my left is the entrance to the parking lot to the respective department.

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In front of me it is the Buildin g A, and the building behind me is the Deanship, from the economics department of UI. Throughout the place also have crossed a yellow cat. Soon came a dark yellow dog, which lay down to rest on the stairs. At the entrance and exit of the place, there is a spot for the recycling bins, where solid wastes are divided into organic (green) and inorganic (yellow). A young woman who crossed the square, was wearing a mask, apparently disposable, light blue. A young woman who crossed the square, was wearing a mask, apparently disposable, light blue. At the area came 2 men with light gray and dark blue uniform, who sat on one side of the stairs. Because of the the uniform, they apparently can be UI employees. At 2:55 pm 2 taxis arrived next to the area, one blue and one yellow. A young woman who crossed the area, boarded the blue taxi. Of the people who were asked the favor, to answer some questions, just a young girl, who was sitting in the square reviewing her cell phone, refused to cooperate, because according to her she did not have time to answer questions. When I was doing this observation, I felt comfortable, because young people who were in the area, seemed not bothered with my presence as evident foreign from outsid e their environment. But nevertheless, I felt somehow strange being one of the few people who remained in the area unaccompanied. For the interviews people were collaborative in kindly answering the questions to help with the investigation project.

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Economics department observation area Short Interviews: About water uses : A young woman from the Economics Department at 4 th semester, answered this questions: 1. Which they are the main uses of water you know at U.I campus? She said, she thinks the water much the campus neither about the topic. 2. Do you think the U.I staff consume much or little of water for daily activities?

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She says she thinks the UI staff, mainly students, consume lots of wat er, maybe more than such a waste of water. 3. Do you know where the water used at UI campus comes from? She doesnt know where the water used at UI campus comes fro m. She said that as a student she is focused on studying more than thinking on this issues. 4. Do you feel that the UI is doing something for promoting the efficient use of water? She said she is not really aware of what UI is doing on this respect. The onl y thing that she said she knows about that is that UI is trying to reduce the water consume, as in the area has been difficult to find clear water. About water pollution : A young men from the Economics Department at 6 th semester, answered this questions: 5. Do you know where the wastewater generated in UI goes, and if it has any previous treatment? He said that what from he knows, the water used at UI campus goes to the UI lakes, or through sewage to the closest river at Depok. 6. Which you consider are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus? He said he thinks that the main sources of pollution on campus might be from cafeterias or technical department laboratories. 7. What do you think is the main reason why waters are polluted? He said that it mi ght be because of the current treatment given to the waste water at UI is not enough to avoid water pollution, and that also it is helped by the fact that the people working in cafeterias might not be educated on water pollution prevention measures. 8. Do yo u feel that the UI is doing something to minimize water pollution? He said that as far as he knows UI has not done any campaign on that respect, but that is more h ow to treat the waste water coming from the laboratories. About floods : Another young men from the Economics Department at 6 th semester, answered this questions:

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9. Does it rains frequently at the UI campus in Depok? He said that they have sometimes on the year in which it rains more frequently, but that there is difficult to predict when it is going to rain heavy or not. 10. What are the times of the year when it rains more at Depok? He said that the regular rain pattern at Depok is from December to February But that in recent years this patterns have changed being now days more unpredictable than what used to be before. 11. Have you noticed some flooding at UI campus, and in which area? He said that as what he knows is that there have been some floods on UI campus but few, especially when there is heavy rains. And that the area that can get more easily flooded when 12. What are the measures taken in case of flooding at UI campus? He said that he has not se en any action from UI towards mitigate the flooding impacts or to prevent them. That maybe the floods are not of the priorities to solve from UI. And that UI might be taken some action towards this flooding phenomena, by using the lakes as water reservoir area, and by cleaning the water flow between lakes from solid wastes mainly.

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Pictures of the site: Main fountain at the Economic s d epartment Entrance of the main square at Economics department Entrance to Building A at Economics department Exit of the main square at Economics department Back of the square observed Bins for solid waste disposal at the square

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OBSERVATION # 2 ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT FAKULTAS TEKNIK Date: June 21, 2016 Time: 2:30 pm Place: The second place of observation was chosen in the engineering department, where are all programs classified as technical (civil, environmental, mechanical and metallurgical engineering, architecture, etc.) The place chosen, seems to have the name "Mesin Kapal" because on one side of this square this name is in metallic letters on the green area, placed vertically. The square is a roughly a rectangular place, covered with the tops of the trees in the area, generating a cooler shade area. It is part of a larger square, U shaped where in the middle there is a fountain with sculptures of turtles (4) and in the center what appears to be the sculpture of a crouching child. On both sides of the fountain are two kiosks with access to recharge mobile devices. This observation will be made on the left side of the U and the source, specifically where is the sign of "Mesin Kapal" (which means ship engine) It's a sunny day, and the temperature is 33 C, according to AccuWeather application. In the area observed, there are 4 kiosks to sit a nd study or to chat, with access to electricity connection as well. In 2 of the kiosks are apparently 2 groups of young people, whom look like between 18 and 25 years old. Probably are students at UI. In one of the kiosks are 7 men and 1 woman. 4 of them wear a black jacket with yellow lettering and shield of the UI. 3 of them are taking turns to take pictures with a seemingly professional reflex camera. The other 3 men on the other side of the same kio sk, turn their backs and are reviewing one of the laptops they have. In the area there are approximately 22 trees, from a height of approximately 15 meters. They are leafy trees apparently without flowers. The 3 young men with a computer left the area. On the other kiosk there are 6 young men, 3 of them are chatting, and the other 3 are reviewing each one a laptop. Next to each kiosk there are 4 garbage cans, coded as follows: green (Organik), yellow (non organik), red (Kertas) and orange (Anorganik), whic h look a bit old and dirty. Several people have gone through the diagonal path that is in the square. People from the 2 kiosks, have interact with some of the people who have crossed the pathway diagonally and from adjacent corridors. People at kiosk 2, so me have books that are consulting on the table. Where 2 young men reach them to have a chat. Some of the students were taking pictures with their cell phones, with a banner in the background. This banner was gray and was tied to 2 trees, next to the kiosk 1, this banner read: "PSB GENA Pelepasan Sarjana Baru" which translates: Release of New Bachelors.

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Contrary to the fountain side, there is a covered corridor, through which some people have crossed to both sides. Around the area, gutters are observed, probably for rainwater handling and disposal. Some boys wear formal attire (shirt and tie) and reach the area to celebrate with colleagues. It would appear that are close to their graduation. The floor is made apparen tly of cobblestone and the pathways of cement and stone. About 3:15 pm, beginning to vent harder, and fall several dried leaves of the trees on the floor. The other side of the square, there are no gutters, but gardens with a downward slope towards the fountain where some trees and vegetation are observed. Through the area, 2 men walked across wearing a khaki uniform who m look older age than the youth in the area. Apparently they can be employees at UI. At t he kiosk 1, 2 young women approach, who wear hijab one dark blue and the other light pink W ith them comes another young men wearing white shi rt. They stay ed there chatting for a while. There are some residue on the floor, a plastic bag and pieces of paper. There are 2 stairs leading to the fountain area one goes down to the green zone, and the other connects to the central square where the fountain is In the area, at the moment when asking the favor to answer a few questions to collaborate with this research project, 3 young women refused to participate. Two of them because they had planned to leave for their homes at that time. The other said not to speak English.

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Engineering department observation area Short Interviews: About water uses: A young woman from the Chemical Engineering department in 8 th semester, answered this questions: 1. Which they are the main uses of water that you know at U.I campus? She said, she thinks that the main uses of water are mainly which is the Islamic procedure of washing several parts of the body using water of dust before every praying. And other use that she identifies is at the canteens. (Cooking, cleaning and dish washing). 2. Do you think the U.I staff consume much or little of water for daily activities?

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She says that she thinks that the water consumed by UI staff on campus is not much, just the water used on toilets mainly. That for the wudhu the water used is not that much. 3. Do you know where the water used at UI campus come s from? She said that she knows that some of the water served at UI campus comes from an elevated thank that is located close by the library. But she doesnt know where the water from that thank comes from. 4. Do you feel that the UI is doing something for promoting the efficient use of water? She said that as far as she knows the UI is not doing something in this respect, and that she About water pollution: A young men from the Computer Science Department at 6 th semester, answered this questions: 5. Do you know where the wastewater generated in UI goes, and if it has any previous treatment? He said he is not sure, but that he thinks that the served waters used at UI campus goes directly to the la kes, and that he is not sure if it has previous treatment or not. 6. Which you consider are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus? He said that he thinks that the main source of water pollution at UI campus, doesnt come from the university staff, but more from outsiders who come to campus to do fishing and picnic and other activities that might affect the water quality. 7. What do you think is the main reason why waters are polluted? He said that he thinks that the main reason why people poll ute water is because there is not a protective culture towards this resource in this region, might be due the abundance of water that Indonesia has, with lots of surrounding seas, rivers and frequent rains. And also that people might think that the individual environmental impact is minimum but they are not considering that in a place of many inhabitants the impact is significant 8. Do you feel that the UI is doing something to minimize water pollution? He said he is not sure about it, but that he hasnt heard about any treatment for the waste

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About floods: A young men from the Metallurgic Engineering Program at 3 rd semester, answered this ques tions: 9. Does it rains frequently at the UI campus in Depok? He said that yes, it rains very frequently at UI campus, almost twice a day. 10. What are the times of the year when it rains more at Depok? He said that he might think that the times of the year that it rains more heavily at Depok are June and September, but that with the global warming it has been changing in the past years. 11. Have you noticed some flooding at UI campus, and in which area? He said that h e has heard and seen flooding around the areas of the central library and also on the mathematics and sciences department area. 12. What are the measures taken in case of flooding at UI campus? He said that he thinks that to take action in prevent ing or mitigating the floods at UI might be difficult because the campus is in a sunken area But that as far as he knows there is a construction rule on campus that requires some green space between buildings so that this green areas can help to soak the storm waters when raining heavily.

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Pictures of the site: Observation area called MESIN KAPAL Kiosk 1 Kiosk 2 Diagonal path walk Graduation pictures Storm water canals and recycling bins

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OBSERVATION # 3 CENTRAL LIBRARY PERPUSTAKAAN PUSAT Date: June 22, 2016 Time: 2:02 pm Place: Octagon place at UI central library For this ethnographic observation, the central library was chosen, which is located in front of Lake Kenanga and next to the administrative center ( Pusat Administrasi ) Sp ecifically, the area of the library that was chosen was facing the lake and between Starbucks Cafe and BNI bank. The chosen area is an octagonal place with 4 stairs descending towards the center of the structure There people get to sit and chat with friends, read a book, check the phone, make a phone call, enjoy a good day, waiting for someone or something or just relax Today is a sunny day with a temperature of 31 C, according to AccuWeather application. In the octa gon, there are 3 large trees, with about 1 1.5 meters in diameter and 10 12 meters high. They are lush green foliage, seemingly without flowers. In the octagon, there are a couple of young people; a man and a woman who are chatting. She wears modern clothes without hijab. He also wears modern clothes. Both have backpacks, probably they might be students at UI. Besides them, there is a young man, sitting alone, who is reviewing his cell phone and smoking a cigarette. Followed is a group of 3 young pers ons; 2 men and 1 women who wear modern clothes. They wear backpacks, so they can be UI students. They are talking seriously and vigorously. One of the men sitting on the lower level, in front of the other man and the girl. He speaks strongly to both explai ning something and moving his hands. They listen carefully. The man sitting next to the girl, he turns to speak her too, but more slowly. She listens seriously. It seems a scene of translation. On the other side, there is a group of young people; 3 men and 2 women. One of the boys is smoking a cigarette. They talk cheerfully. All wear modern clothes. The 2 girls do not wear hijab. A boy and a girl sitting on the second staircase, the other boy and the other girl are sitting in the second staircase, the othe r boy, larger, is somewhat restless as he stands and moves around them, while they all talk. At the other end of the octagon are 2 people chatting, 2 men, one of them uses the computer and show the other what is he doing or seeing on that laptop. Near them is a young man sitting alone, who is reviewing his cell phone and looking around, is apparently writing text messages. Close to it, there is a young woman, sitting alone and talking on the phone. She wears a hijab and looks around while making the phone c all. Then begins to check her phone. Soon comes a friend of her who also uses hijab, and the two sit and talk there.

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Beside me, just arrived 3 young people; 2 males and 1 female, they wear modern clothes and the girl is not wearing a hijab. They talk and r eview some documents, which bring in manila envelopes. Next, the men check their phones. Near Starbucks coffee, comes a tall man and sits down to smoke a cigarette and check his cell. Use casual clothes, shorts, shirt and cap. Around the octagon there are open corridors, along which several people transit in different directions; entering the li brary, out of it, going to the Starbucks caffe or coming out of the bank passing along the way etc. The group that spoke strongly, leaved the area as well as the two men who were checking the computer and the boy that was checking his cellphone. There came a young single with glasses, sat down to read a book, after a while begins to check his phone. The group of the documents, left the area, chatting and laughing. Two boys came and sat on one side of the octagon. One wears glasses, the two smoke cigarettes while reviewing their cellphones. Also are talking a little bit. A couple arrived; a boy and a girl, the two sit and talk. She wears a black hijab. The group of y oung smokers, they are joined by another boy who sits to check his phone. From time to time, several people came to sit in the octagon. They seems to come from the same place. Most sit and wait and check their cell phones, some of them chatting with each o ther. Most came from the building where the BNI bank it is located. In the group that arrived several women are wearing hijab. About 52 people are at this time inside the octagon. It seems to be a session of job interviews for students, because in the cent er of the area, two men sit on different sides and begin to chat with each of the students that take turns to interview with them, while the others have to wait their turn. During the wait, a little white with black cat came around. Soon comes a large bla ck cat. When the two cats met close to the books and beyond store, they start fighting aggressive and loudly. A boy, who was sitting nearby, separated the cats by chasing them away with a branch. Cats start walking in opposite directions. The black cat rec lines one of the boys who was alone in the last steps of the octagon, and who was surprised and reacted unexpectedly and kicked the cat. The cat ran away. It seems that no one is surprised by that reaction.

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Central library observation area Short Interviews: About water uses: A young woman from the Nursery department in 2 th semester, answered this questions: 1. Which are the main uses of water that you know at U.I campus? She said, that she thinks, that the main use of water at UI campus is for the toilets, as there every building has to have restrooms in every floor and the UI has many buildings along campus. 2. Do you think the U.I staff consume much or little of water for their daily activities? She says that she thinks that the consume of water m ight be enough, and not much as the activities at UI campus are mainly studying and working behind a desk, so they consume what is necessary for their daily activities here.

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3. Do you know where the water used at UI campus comes from? She said that she is n ot sure about it, but that as far as she knows the water used at UI campus comes from well or underground water, and that the university is recycling water for its use on the toilets. 4. Do you feel that the UI is doing something for promoting the efficient use of water? She said that yes, that she feels that is something important to UI, because every year they received 7000 new students, so the population is growing as well as the water demand. And that she knows that there is a class for all UI students where they are taught the importance of this natural resource. About water pollution: A young woman from the Administration department in 12 th semester, answered this questions: 5. Do you know where the wastewater generated in UI goes, and if it has any previous treatment? She says, that she thinks that maybe there is no water pollution at UI campus, and that it might there is no visible solid waste or garbage flo ating over it. 6. Which you consider are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus? She said that she think that the main source of water pollution at UI might be solid waste that people might throw away And that she has see n some water pollution with oil around the teknik department, but that she is not sure about what activity generates this oil or whom and why it is getting to the lakes. 7. What do you think is the main reason why waters are polluted? She said that she is not sure about it. That it can be due to many things, like some liquid wastes and solid wastes like garbage. 8. Do you feel that the UI is doing something to minimize water pollution? She said that she thinks that UI is actually doing something to prevent water pollution, like m anual cleaning of solid wastes on lakes. And also by banning the fishing activity on campus, because that can help to preserve the lakes ecosystems About floods: A young men from the Institute of Tourism already finished and waiting for his graduation on December 2016 answered this questions:

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9. Does it rains frequently at the UI campus in Depok? He said that he thinks so that it rains approximately every 2 days. 10. What are the times of the year when it rains more at Depok? He said very sure that the times of the year when it rains more at UI campus and Depok is between February and March, and that then the rains are during all day, heavier than the other months. 11. Have you noticed some flooding at UI campus, and in which area? He said that he is not s ure about it, because he doesnt comes to UI campus very frequently. And he also thinks that the drainage system at campus is good, also because of the presence of the various lakes. 12. What are the measures taken in case of flooding at UI campus? He said that he thinks that in case of flooding, the UI might give students some days free from school while the water levels go down, or the problem can get solved somehow.

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Pictures of the site: Library plaza NW view Library plaza N view Library plaza NW view Library plaza SE view Library plaza S view Library plaza SW view

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OBSERVATION # 4 SCIENCE DEPARTMENT FACULTAS ILMU Date: June 23, 2016 Time: 2:50 pm Place: Plaza at the e ntrance of the sciences department For the fourth site for the ethnographic observation, was chosen on the science department, where the main programs are: mathematics, physics, biology, geology, geophysics, and pharmaceutics, among others. The location chosen as a meeting point for the community o f this department, which is a small square where several students gathered at the time of the visit. This square is between BSEM building and Building B. Which is a roughly hexagonal site. Where these two buildings are connected by a covered walkway. The c orridor is covered with red tiles, apparently made of clay. The floor of the hall is a combination of thick granite and cement, into thick strips. The floor of the square, is made of gray cobblestones. This square is located between the two buildings. The day is partly cloudy, with a temperature of about 30C. At the entrance of the building BSEM, there is a group of young people sitting on the floor, which is made in bright white tile. The group is composed of 4 men who review their laptops and chat and lau gh at the same time. Soon they stand up gather their things and leave the site. There is another group of young people at the other side of the square, who are standing and chatting along the corridor. It is a large group, wearing modern and colorful clot hes. They are 7 men and 5 women. The woman are not wear ing hijab. After a short period of time they leave the site. At one side of the BSEM building, there is a girl sitting alone over the white tiles. She wears a pink hijab. She is also checking her cell phone and the laptop from time to time. Two girls wearing red sweaters come to the same area. They do not wear hijab. They also sit on the white tiles, but on the other side. They chat pleasantly. Soon comes a boy who sits with them to join them. At the en trance of Bank Mandiri, the re are located 6 blue plastic chairs. Three on each side of the hall There are 2 girls sitting one on each side. One u ses a hijab and the other The girl wearing hijab, checks her cell, and then quickly leaves the site. The other girl waits there, after a while comes a friend who greets her, and then both leave the area. In the area was also observed an adult man with worn clothes, who was applyi ng a product on the white tiles. On one side of the area there are two square structures which apparently are benches made of concrete, with plants planted in the center of those Several personnel cross the square in different directions.

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At 3:15 pm begin to listen to songs around it is presumed to be from Muslim mosques, which are known are an invitation to the Islam believers to go to do the prayer of that time of day. To the group of girls of red sweater, another girl comes and sits down with them to talk. All use backpacks, and appear to be young, so probably they are s tudents at UI. A tall girl with modern clothes reaches the blue chairs and sits there while drinking water from a clear plastic bottle. At the bank they are closing doors and putting down the metal safety curtains, since they apparently were providing serv ice just until 3:00 pm. At the entrance of Building B, there is a man in red shirt and pink cap. Apparently he is waiting for someone while checking his cell phone. The man who was fixing the tiles is now collecting a gray powder that is on the cobblestone s near to Building B. He does this with a short broom. On one side of the corridor that leads to Building B, there are two garbage cans; red (Anorganik) and green (Organik). The man with red shirt, get up from the stairs at the entrance of Building B and carries an aluminum stairs and takes them from the site. Apparently his activity has something to do with the man who was fixing the white floor. Several people, both young and old, walking along the corridors as well. Around the area there are some big p lants being approximately 19. The group of young people sitting on the side of the building BSEM, left the area, leaving one just girl, who was checking her cell phone apparently waiting for something or someone. In this ethnographic observation, almost n o groups of people found were observed in the chosen square. At the beginning of the observation, when arriving to the area, several people were in the square, but around 3:00 to 3:15 pm, most left the area, presumably they would do their afternoon prayers of that time of the day.

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Sciences Department observation area Short Interviews: About water uses: A young woman from the Biology department in 8 th semester, answered this questions: 1. Which are the main uses of water that you know at U.I campus? She said that she thinks that the main uses of water at UI campus are on toilets, for cleaning the buildings, but also to irrigate the many gardens this campus has. About drinking water, it has to be bought in bottle or gallons of treated water, to be admi ssible to drink.

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2. Do you think the U.I staff consume much or little of water for their daily activities? She said that from what she know people consume 1 lt per day for drinking water. And about other water uses, she thinks that people might be wasting l ots of water, because at the toilets and mosques, people uses more water than what they really need. 3. Do you know where the water used at UI campus comes from? She said that she believes that the water used at UI campus might come from their lakes, or if not, from the PAM Company 4. Do you feel that the UI is doing something for promoting the efficient use of water? She said that she thinks that the UI is doing something on this respect, at least at her department, they do celebrate the Water Day, in which they do a campaign about the importance of water in our society and the environment. She doesnt remember the exact date, she doesnt know if this campaign is all around campus or just at the biology department. About water pollution: A young man from the Mathematics department at 4 th semester, answered this questions: 5. Do you know where the wastewater generated in UI goes, and if it has any previous treatment? He said he thinks that as long as he knows, in front of the science department, and behind the yellow buses station, there is a water treatment plan, but that apparently takes water from the lakes an treat it for some uses at campus. About waste waters generated a t campus, he said that he thinks those served waters go directly to the lakes probably without any treatment. 6. Which you consider are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus? He said that he thinks that the UI is not generating water pollution, because as the waste water is directed to the lakes, and the campus has lots of plants, makes a purifying system for water management so there might not be water pollution at campus. 7. What do you think is the main reason why waters are polluted? He said t hat the thinks that the surface water might get polluted because of outsiders activities, referring to the neighboring buildings and houses that are around UI campus and that might be polluting the water bodies. 8. Do you feel that the UI is doing something to minimize water pollution?

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He thinks that yes, that the university might be doing some research about water, because he have seen and heard about a laboratory that is close to the northern part of the campus and to the Salam Lake, where the Biology program and other science programs must be doing some research about this resource. About floods: A young men from the Metallurgical Engineering at his 8 th and last semester answered this questions: 9. Does it rains frequently at the UI campus in Depok? H e said that yes that in Depok and at UI in rains very frequently, almost all afternoons or evenings. 10. What are the times of the year when it rains more at Depok? He said that he thinks that the month of the year in which it rains more is in June. 11. Have yo u noticed some flooding at UI campus, and in which area? He s aid that he has seen some inundation around the area of the main entrance of the UI campus where the train station is (Stasion UI) especially at the heavy rain seasons. 12. What are the measures taken in case of flooding at UI campus? He said that he doesnt know specifically what are the measures taken by UI to prevent or mitigate the flooding at campus. But that he have seen at his department, that when it rains too much, usually during the wet or winter season, the maintenance staff make some holes on the ground in the different gardens, especially at every corner of the storm water canals, so that the water overflow can get into the holes and get infiltrated into the underground area. Pictures of the site: Building B Corridor connecting to building B

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Building BSEM Corridor connecting to building BSEM Recycling bins Pedestrian path to other buildings

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OBSERVATION # 5 PSYCHOLOGY DEPARTMENT FACULTAS PSIKOLOGI Date: June 24, 2016 Time: 2:05 pm Place: Main Square at the entrance of the psychology department For observation number 5, it was chosen the psychology department, since according to previous interviewed this department has flooding problems during the rainy season. The site chosen for observation is the place where students gather according to a student and to what was observed. Today is a sunny day, about 33 C of temperature, according to AccuWeather application The chosen place is an approximately square area surrounded by covered corridors and consists of two levels. On the lower level on one side, there is a square garden with a pine tree in the middle surrounded by benches concrete made. In a corner of the first level, there are 4 girls who chat placidly. The 4 girls are located on one of the benches near the pine. One sitting and three standing Three wear hijab and the other one does not On the bench next to them there are some bags that appear to be owned by them. At the o ther end of the first level, there are 2 men sitting on a bench. They check their phone and look around. Apparently they are waiting for something. On one side of them there is what appears to be some documents in manila envelopes. Beside this men, on the other bench, there is a gray cat lying, apparently resting in the shade. Level 1 is divided from level 2 by a slipway and a window box of two steps, in which are planted decorative plants. Level 1 is six steps below that level 2. At the first level there a re also four pots with ornamental plants, arranged around this level. The pines are approximately 15 meters high. The girls at l evel 1 disperse : two leave the site, and the other two go up to the second level to greet other young guys who are meeting on the second level. Men of documents leave the site, carrying with them the manila envelopes. On the second level, there is also a square shaped garden with a pine tree in the middle and concrete benches around. There are sitting 5 guys ; four are men and on e woman. The girl uses hijab. And she is sitting, while the boys are stand chatting with her. All have backpacks for what they appear to be students of the UI. In the bench there are some backpacks but also gift packages, flowers and balloons. The ke pictures with the girl. She also uses a

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band that says something like future graduating in psychology. It seems that the friends are celebrating the girls coming graduation. Some young people who pas s through the corridors, pass by to say hello, and it seems that they also congratulate her. After a while the second level group leaves the area. On the second level there are 5 pots with plants. The men of the documents returned to the site but sit on another bench at same l evel 1. Later, next to gray cat, two girls sat who are wearing hijab s and are inflating balloons. They also have some flowers. It seems that they are preparing a gift for someone. The men of the documents leaved again the area. Around and through the square there are some young people crossing from one side to the other. Around the square there is a channel which seems to be for collection and disposal of rainwater. And at the bottom, those seem to be connected to the drainage system of rainwater, passing under one of the halls Apparently there are not many students, probably because it is holiday season at the end of the academic year. In addition to being on religious holidays for most in this Muslim majority region (Ramadan) The floor of the halls is made on th ick granite with concrete, and the roof is triangular shaped whit tiles apparently made of clay. The roof of the runners is supported on multiple columns apparently metallic, painted in silver color The girls of the balloons leave d the site.

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Psychology Department observation area Short Interviews: About water uses: A young woman from the Psychology department in 6 th semester, answered this questions:

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1. Which are the main uses of water that you know at U.I campus? She said that she thinks that the main uses of water at UI campus are for toilets, for watering trees and gardens, and also for drinking water for hydration 2. Do you think the U.I staff consume much or little of water for their daily activities? She said or the necessary for their daily activities. 3. Do you know where the water used at UI campus comes from? She said that she thinks that the water used on campus might come from the lakes, or probably from the public services company called PAM. 4. Do you feel that the UI is doing something for promoting the efficient use of water? She said that she thinks that the UI is actually doing something to promote a better use of wat er on campus, that she have heard of an educational campaign about it, and that she have seen some signs on the restrooms that invite people to save water. About water pollution: A young woman from the Psychology department at 7 th semester, answered this questions: 5. Do you know where the wastewater generated in UI goes, and if it has any previous treatment? she thinks that is probably going directly to one of the lakes on campus. E xcept the Kananga Lake which is close to the library and the administration center, because is the most visited lake on campus and one of the prettiest places at UI, but that this liquid waste might be going to other lake. 6. Which you consider are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus? She said that as long as she knows, one of the sources of water pollution at UI campus, might be the weekend visitors that come to the university to have some spare time with family, do some jogging or tourism And that due the increase of visitor s during this free days some food sellers come to campus too, and people might be throwing away garbage, especially to the water bodies. 7. What do you think is the main reason why waters are polluted?

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She said that she think that the wastes that might be polluting the waters are a results of environment so that why they throw away garbage everywhere, and that i t is dif ficult to change those habits. And t hat one in particular is very typical from Indonesian culture. 8. Do you feel that the UI is doing something to minimize water pollution? ributing to reduce water pollution at least from solid waste. About floods: A young woman from the Psychology department at her 8 th and last semester, answered this questions: 9. Does it rains frequently at the UI campus in Depok? She said that yes that it rains frequently at Depok but that it depends on the time of the year, that now for example in June it is sunny during the day but almost all evenings or nights it rains. 10. What are the times of the year when it rains more at Depok? She said that she kn ow that this month on June is a rainy season, and she is not very sure about the period of the year when is wet season too, but that she remembers that in the last years was from January to March 11. Have you noticed some flooding at UI campus, and in which area? She said that definitely yes, that she remember that at her department when it rains heavily the main square gets flooded at the point that the maintenance staff have to arrange some big stones on the area for people to cross stepping over them. Ev en though the area has storm flooded. 12. What are the measures taken in case of flooding at UI campus? s that what UI might be doing to prevent the flooding like the ones that happened at her department, might be that the maintenance staff work to keep the storm water canals clean so that if it rains heavily the big amounts of w ater have space to flow freel y through the sewage systems. Pictures of the site:

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Psychology plaza down left corner Psychology plaza down right corner Psychology plaza up left corner Psychology plaza up right corner Future graduating celebration and pictures Storm water canals at Psychology main plaza

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OBSERVATION # 6 HEALTH SCIENCES DEPARTMENT FAKULTAS ILMU KESEHATAN Date: July 1 st of 2016 Time: 1:55 pm Place: Main Square at the old part of the health sciences department It is a partially cloudy day, with a temperature of about 30 C. Todays observation will be at the health sciences department located in the South East area of UI campus. First of all, there was an observation around this department facilities where it was found that divided into old and new area, difference that can be seen in its architecture. The old part, has the traditional Indonesian architectural style, which consists of several buildings up to 3 stories, with triangular roofs with notorious slopes and red tiles (apparently made of clay), buildings are connected by corridors covered with tile or ceiling. In t he new area there is two modern building s of about 5 stories high, made in concrete apparently and white on the outside. T his new building seems to be a clinic or hospital. The area chosen to observe, was selected due that several people were found gathered at that site. It is a place that is between 4 buildings (building C, D, F, G), next to a corridor that is connecting these buildings, and there were several trees, also chairs and tables apparently made of concrete. In the area there are gardens, plants and 2 artificial fountains. In the square there are 5 tables occupied. In the fi rst, there is a man who is reading from his laptop. Soon, he packed his things and leave the site. At the other end of the square, there is a man at his mid age who is reviewing a laptop. He has back pack, but due his apparently age seems to be a teacher. The following table there is a couple ; a boy and a girl. They are sitting, as she writes in a laptop and he checks his cell phone. Both use backpack, so it can be presumed that they might be UI students. She wears hijab and both wear dark color clothes. I n the following table, there is another couple, who are seated and chatting. She wears hijab and light color clothing, while he wears a red t shirt. Both carry backpacks, so it can be said that they are probably UI students. By the middle of the square, ro ams a white cat with brown spots. In the last table, there are four girls chatting pleasantly, all wear hijabs of different colors. At the square, also comes another gray cat, which roams around. Through passageways, people pass from one side to the other. To one of the table s, a young man arrives, who sits to check his phone, he uses a prominent black suitcase, and presumably he can also be a UI student.

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To the table of the couple with a laptop, comes a young man who greets them and sits down to chat with them. This square is a very pleasant sector because of the coolness and shade provided by trees, and thanks to the fountains that generate the pleasant sound of water movement. The presence of chairs and tables make it a comfortable place to chat, check th e phone, work on the computer or simply to relax. On one side of the square, at the back of one of the buildings, there are several people sitting. Most use uniform gray shirt with dark blue, and dark blue pants, so it can be presumed they might be Univers ity workers. They also wear rubber boots. On all sides of the square there are trash cans for 2 colors; Green ( Sampah Basah ) and yellow ( Sampah kering ). The apparent UI workers are 10 people; 8 men and 2 women. Onl y a woman does not wear uniform she seems to be their supervisor because she talks to them while they nod. They chat and laugh pleasantly, after a while they leave the area. It seems that they had been in work break, and continue to go to their work. At anot her table, an adult woman comes and sits at an empty place where she starts to work on her laptop. She wears red sweater and gray hijab. Has a backpack so she can be a student or teacher at UI. In another table comes a girl who wears hijab and sits down t o review her laptop. The square is divided in 2 by a corridor with gardens, which 1 stair higher than the rest of the square. T he area is non smoking, as it says at the sign close to the artificial fountains In total there are 13 tables. It were counted 1 5 trees in the area, 4 palm trees, plants and gardens

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Health Sciences Department observation area Short Interviews: About water uses: A young woman from the Public Health department in her masters 2 nd year on Epidemiology answered this questions: 1. Which are the main uses of water that you know at U.I campus? At the beginning she was a bit confused with the question, but after she answered saying that she thinks the main uses of water might be toilets, wudu and plant irrigation.

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2. Do you think the U.I staff consume much or little of water for their daily activities? or the necessary for their daily activities. 3. Do you know where the water used at UI campus comes from? She said that she thinks that the water used on campus might come from different places, for example: for plants irrigations she knows that the water used comes from the lakes, at the restaurants she thinks the water comes f rom an underground water well, and that for wudu and toilets it might come from the public service company called PAM. 4. Do you feel that the UI is doing something for promoting the efficient use of water? She said that she feels that yes, that UI is doing something to promote an efficient use of water, this through educations campaigns held especially in the first academic periods at UI, the teacher s spread the message to use efficiently the water resource. She also said that in the department, at the Envi ronmental Health division, they arrange some seminars to which some of the students from Health Science attend, and where is also mentioned the importance of this resource and to save water. About water pollution: A woman from the Health Sciences departm ent at 2 nd year of her masters on Bio statistics answered this questions: 5. Do you know where the wastewater generated in UI goes, and if it has any previous treatment? She said that she doesnt know and that she havent heard about where the waste water goes or if it has a previous treatment. She said that a guess would be that the waters might be discharged at one of the UI lakes. 6. Which you consider are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus? She said that she think s that the main source of water pollution might be the garbage thrown into the water bodies, and that she doesnt know where that garbage comes from but that it might come from the river. And that she has seen garbage at the lake in front of the library ( Kenanga Lake). 7. What do you think is the main reason why waters are polluted? She said that she doesnt know why, and that she hasnt thought about that before. 8. Do you feel that the UI is doing something to minimize water pollution?

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She said that she thinks that maybe, as there i s some maintenance staff from UI that are in charge of picking up the garbage from the lakes and to clean them up. About floods: A young men from the Health Sciences department at 2 nd year of his masters on Environmental Health answered this questions: 9. Does it rains frequently at the UI campus in Depok? He said that he feels that in Depok it rains very frequent, but that is sometimes its unpredictable. 10. What are the times of the year when it rains more at Depok? He said that as long as he has been in Depok, he has noticed that it rains more from November to February. But that here it rains all the year, just that in during the wet season it rains more heavily and more frequent. June is another month of rains at Depok, but lighter precipitations than du ring the winter season. 11. Have you noticed some flooding at UI campus, and in which area? He said that he noticed any flooding at Depok or at UI campus, and that he thinks that is due the vast green area that this campus has, in which the trees, gar dens, grass and lakes can receive and absorb t he water coming from the rains. Which is also useful as a reserve of water for other uses (and also to refresh the air). 12. What are the measures taken in case of flooding at UI campus? reasons but one of them might be to receive and retain the rain water which is abundant in this area, to avoid floods. Pictures of the site:

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Health dep. Plaza NW corner Health dep. Plaza SW corner Health dep. Plaza SE corner Health dep. Plaza NE corner Health dep. Plaza fountain Health dep. Plaza recycling bins

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OBSERVATION # 7 TRAIN STATION UI TRAIN STASION UI Date: July 2 nd of 2016 Time: 2:45 pm Place: Bus stop out of the train station of the UI (Stasion UI) For this ethnographic observation, was selected the train station called Stasion Universitas Indonesia" or "Stasion UI". This, because it is a crowded place with students, university staff and visitors, since it is one of the few sites of transportation for going out and for getting in to the UI campus. The area to watch will be the bus stop, where several people sit to wait outside the station, maybe waiting for a colleague, a taxi, a friend, a relative, or something similar. Today is a sunny day with a temperature of 33 C according to the application of AccuWeather. When st arting the observation, there are approximately 16 people in the two stands of the bus stop outside the train station Stasion UI. On the back of the bus top there are several people passing through, who leave the train station, and others who arrive to t ake the train. Among the people who are sitting on the bus stop there are 2 street vendors. A young lady wearing a gray hijab, of fers tissues apparently for sale Also there is a child of about 8 years of age approximately, also offering tissues apparent ly for sale too It is not known but they seems to have some family kinship. The remaining people are turning their backs to the street, probably into the shade, given the high daytime temperatures and bright sunshine. A girl was sitting on the bus stop l istening to music and singing, not wearing hijab. Soon, she boarded a white van that came to the site to pick her up and they left the area The remaining people, most are reviewing the phone and seem to hear music or audio, as some use earphones Two wome n at the bus stop wear masks, one purple and the other aqua color To the site, an elderly man arrives using a cane and wearing humble clothes. I t looks like he's begging for money. I n front of the bus stop there are around of 9 motorcycles parked, 3 of them with the driver who is waiting for something. The other motorcycles have hooves in the chair, so one can think that their owners or drivers are nearby. Some may probably are moto taxi drivers, which has been observed is very common here. These obs erved motorcycles are parked at the vehicle bay in front of the bus stop, despite a sign prohibited parking. It seems then that this vehicular bay external to the train station UI, is primarily for the use of yellow bus from the university. Most motorcycle s brand is Honda. Some dirt is observed on the bus stop like papers and garbage lying on the ground.

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The street that is in front of the vehicle bay, is the main vehicular entrance and exit of the UI. Here it can be seen the transit of many motorcycles, so me cars, few taxis, and yellow buses of UI. Despite the temperature, there are some people, mainly women, who wear several layers of clothing; hijab, blouse, jacket, gloves, long pants and pantyhose since according to some locals, is the most common and effective form used here for sun protection. There are some motorcycle drivers that wear uniforms of black jacket with green stripes and green helmet, with a logo that says "Grab" apparently are a company moto taxi drivers. This bus stop, is just after the guard at the main entrance of the university, about 50 meters ahead. Is on the left side of the left entry lane (as here driving is on the left and The street separator is decorated with some beautiful palms trees of about 10 to 15 meters high. After the observation, there are approximately 25 people between the two booths of the bus stop. The bus stops are structures with cement bases, 3 steps up from the floor with gray tile floor. The benches are made of co ncrete with light gray tile and black border. It has white columns apparently of concrete, holding a triangular red roof with tiles apparently made of clay.

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observation area Short Interviews: About water uses: A young woman from the Economics department at 2 nd semester answered this questions: 1. Which are the main uses of water that you know at U.I campus? She said that she thinks that the main use of water at UI campus might be toilets, and that she doesnt kn ow about other uses. 2. Do you think the U.I staff consume much or little of water for their daily activities? She said that she thinks that the people at UI consume much water, because for example she ant so she thinks there might be a waste of

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this resource. She also said that as at UI there are lots of people studying and working, water consume has to be high. 3. Do you know where the water used at UI campus comes from? She said that she has heard from some of her friends, that the water used at UI campus come s from a river close by where there is a purification plant in which water is treated for general use like watering, toilets or cooking but not for drinking, and that it might be at Depok and mana ged through its administration. 4. Do you feel that the UI is doing something for promoting the efficient use of water? She said that she feels that yes, that UI is doing something to promote an efficient use of water, this through educations campaigns as she has noticed at the restrooms, where at each toilet she has seen some si gns, in which is asked to people to save water and to use this resource in an efficient manner (but in Indonesian language). About water pollution: A young woman from another university at her 8 th and last semester of Psychology answered this questions: 5. Do you know where the wastewater generated in UI goes, and if it has any previous treatment? She said that she doesnt know, but that she thinks that maybe the waters used at UI an at Depok might be going directly to the closest rivers; Ciliwung, Kali Krukut or other as there are many at Depok area. 6. Which you consider are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus? She said that she thinks that the main source of water pollution might be the garbage thrown into the water bodies, and that she doesnt know where that garbage comes from 7. What do you think is the main reason why waters are polluted? She said that she doesnt know why, but that she thinks that it might hap pen because of change habits, but she didnt know how to explain why. 8. Do you feel that the UI is doing something to minimize water pollution? She said that she thi nks that yes, because as UI has a lot of green area, that Depok administrations also helps to protect, this trees and gardens helps to retain clean storm water that can help to dilute polluted waters, and that this also happen at the round of the rivers at Depok.

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About floods: A young woman UI former student in Library Sciences that now works at the Economics and Business department answered this questions: 9. Does it rains frequently at the UI campus in Depok? Sh e said that s he feels that usually it rains during the afternoons or at nights. 10. What are the times of the year when it rains more at Depok? She says that usually wet season is from November to February, but that now on recent years it seems that the wet season has been extended, as this year that we are at June and it is still raining a lot. 11. Have you noticed some flooding at UI campus, and i n which area? She said that she has noticed some flooding at Margonda Street in Depok close to Margo City flooded, but maybe more at Depok. 12. What are the measure s taken in case of flooding at UI campus? some actions might help to prevent floods mainly maintenance of the irrigation system, repair of damaged streets, and c lean ing the rubbish from lakes.

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Pictures of the site: Train station stasion UI Bus stop 1 st kiosk Bus stop 2 nd kiosk Motorcycles parked at vehicle bay Street in front of the Train station bus stop Recycling bins behind the bus stop

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APPENDIX B PARTICIPATORY MAPPING ( CONSENT FORM AND MAPS )

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FIELD PRACTICUM: ILIANA JAIMES MPD STUDENT UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA The purpose of this research project is to understand better the community perception about water resource, its main uses, principal sources of pollution and flooding patterns This is a research project being conducted by the student Iliana Jaimes and professor Christopher Silver from the University of Florida You are invited to participate in this research project because you are part of the University of Indonesia staff; as st udent, professor, employee or ot her. Your participation in this research study is voluntary. You may choose not to participate. If you decide to participate in this research, you may withdraw at any time. If you decide not to participate in this study or if you withdraw from participati ng at any time, you will not be penalized. No economic compensation is offered for participation. There are no anticipated individual risks or benefits associated with this study. The procedure involves answering some questions about water management issues. Your responses will be confidential and we do not collect identifying information such as your email address or mailing address. For this Participatory Mapping activity you will be required to draw a map by teams, of the UI campus and its water res ources location, uses, pollution and others. Some request to be made would be: Please draw a UI campus map on the given paper boards. On your maps, please localize the lakes on campus and around. On your maps, please localize the rivers on campus and around. On your drawn maps, please localize some polluted areas you have seen. On your drawn maps, please localize some pollution sources you have seen. On your paper boards please draw some flooded areas during rainy season. Other similar ques We will do our best to keep your information confidential. All data is stored in a password protected electronic format. To help protect your confidentiality, the questions will not contain information that will personally identify you. The results of this study will be used for scholarly purposes only and may be shared with the Universities representatives involved This research has been reviewed according to University of Florida IRB procedures for research involving human subjects. If y ou have any questions about the research study, please contact ILIANA JAIMES ( ijaimes@ufl.edu ) or the faculty supervisor, Dr. Christopher Silver ( silver2@ufl.edu ) Questions or concerns about your rights as research participant may be directed to the IRB02 office, University of Florida, Box 112250, Gainesville, FL, U.S.A 32611, (01) 352 392 0433 Agreement : I have read the procedure described above. I voluntarily agree to parti cipate in the study and I have received a copy of this description. I voluntarily decided to sign this form: Participant: ________ __________________________ ___ Date: _________________

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APPENDIX C SURVEYS ( CONSENT FORM AND SURVEY FORM )

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FIELD PRACTICUM: ILIANA JAIMES MPD STUDENT UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA The purpose of this research project is to understand better the community perception about water resource, its main uses, principal sources of pollution and flooding patterns This is a research project being conducted by the student Iliana Jaimes and professor Christopher Silver from the University of Florida You are invited to participate in this research project because you are part of community at UI surroundings. Your participation in this research study is voluntary. You may choose not to participate. If you decide to participate in this research survey, you may withdraw at any time. If you decide not to participate in this study or if you withdraw from participating at any time, you will not be penalize d. No economic compensation is offered for participation. There are no anticipated individual risks or benefits associated with this study. The procedure involves answering some questions. Your responses will be confidential and we do not collect identifying information such as your email address or mailing address. The questions will be about water management issues. The interrogations planne d to be asked would be: Rate from 1 to 10, with 1 being very poor, 5 Average and 10 very good How would you rate the importance of water in daily life? How would you rate the importance of water on the university campus in Depok? How you rate the q uality of water in the university campus in Depok and its surroundings? How would you rate the level of pollution of the waters of the university campus in Depok? How would you rate the quality of drinking water at home? How would you rate the handli ng of solid waste in the area of Depok campus? How would you rate the frequency of flooding in the area of Depok campus? How would you rate the severity of flooding in the area of Depok campus? THIS SURVEY WILL DONE ANONYMUSLY. We will do our best to keep your information confidential. All data is stored in a password protected electronic format. To help protect your confidentiality, the questions will not contain information that will personally identify you. The res ults of this study will be used for scholarly purposes only and may be shared with the Universities representatives involved This research has been reviewed according to University of Florida IRB procedures for research involving human subjects. If you have any questions about the research study, please contact ILIANA JAIMES ( ijaimes@ufl.edu ) or the faculty supervisor, Dr. Christopher Silver ( silver2@ufl.edu ) Questions or concerns about your rights as research participant may be directed to the IRB02 office, University of Florida, Box 112250, Gainesville, FL, U.S.A 32611, (01) 352 392 0433 Agreement : I have read the procedure described above. I voluntarily agree to parti cipate in the study and I have received a copy of this description.

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FIELD PRACTICUM: ILIANA JAIMES MPD STUDENT UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA SURVEY ABOUT WATER MANAGEMENT IN UI Department: Semester: Age: Gender: Female ____ Male ____ Other ____ Please complete the following questionnaire, circled the answer you consider correct. The scale is from 1 to 10, where 1 is poor, 5 is average, and 10 is excellent: QUESTIONS SCALE 1. How would you rate the importance of water in daily life? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2. How would you rate the importance of drinking water? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 3. How would you rate the importance of water for cooking activities? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4. How would you rate the importance of water for cleaning activities? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5. How would you rate the importance of water for religious activities? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6. How would you rate the importance of water for recreational activities? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7. How would you rate the importance of water in landscaping? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8. How would you rate the quality of pipe water at home? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9. How would you rate the level of water pollution at UI campus? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 10. How would you rate the level of water pollution at Depok? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12. How would you rate the solid waste management at UI? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 13. How would you rate the solid waste management at Depok area? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 14. How would you rate the frequency of flooding in the Depok area? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 15. How would you rate the severity of flooding in the Depok area? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

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APPENDIX D INTERVIEWS ( TRANSCRIPTIONS )

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DWITA Civil Engineer Water related subject professor Specialized in storm water management What do you think is the most critical aspect about water management at UI campus? She said that the number one critical aspect about water management at UI campus campus, by trying to remove the garbage from the water manually but is not really addressing the roots of the problem, which should be by working with the community. What do you think is the greatest strength, about the water management at UI? She said that she thinks that the main strength about water management at UI is that they are now doing some audits to water quality at the lakes, year by year, so they can follow the differences on the system. Sadly, in the last years (2004, 2009, 2011, 2012) the results show that the water quality at UI lakes is decreasing showing some degradation, so they are now working into researching more about the causes that are generating this bad changes. It seems that is the increase of population in the areas around UI, is increasing the garbage and waste water generat ed which are thrown into the waters that are entering to UI lakes system. What are the main uses of water at Depok campus? She said that she thinks that the main uses of water might be the drinking water as the principal one, this is bought by gallons f or each of the offices and departments, due to that the pipe water in this area is not drinkable. Other uses are toilets, cooking (at restaurants), cleaning activities and irrigation too. For this activities the water comes from different sources. Almost e very department has its own pumping station and tank, which provides raw ground water mainly for toilets, mushollas, cleaning and irrigation services. When the ground water is scarce or not enough to supply to the UI needs, it is also used water from the l ocal water service company called PAM ( PT PAM Lyonnaise Jaya ) which provides clean water to areas at west java, but still not drinkable. The engineering department has been researching about the possibility to use rain water for different water uses at cam pus, which might need new infrastructure design and implementation, as well as some treatment plants to make it drinkable or at least clean for the main uses at UI campus. Its implementation is being studied by the administration, because it depends on the investment available. What are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus?

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She said that the main sources of water pollution at UI campus are mainly solid wastes and some sewages that are going to the water canals that feed the water system at U I campus. The garbage comes especially from the surrounding areas in which inhabitants and local business throw their garbage and wastes to the water canals or close to them, so that when it rains, all the rubbish is draining throughout the water canals do wnstream and entering to UI campus water system. Also some of the business like restaurants and other places throw its liquid wastes from toilets and cleaning activities, or others, directly to the water canals, so affecting the water quality in this canal s. What are the measures taken by UI to reduce or mitigate water pollution on campus? She said that UI is taking some measures to reduce the water pollution at its campus; it installed a filter at the entrance of the water system, so that not all the ga rbage can come into UI campus waters. Also they delegated some maintenance staff to clean the lakes from garbage manually and daily. But the most important aspect is that UI is advancing in its studies about this topic, so making some follow up to water qu ality changes at the lakes, and researching at its causes. As well as researching about the water system of the UI lakes, its connections and dynamics. What are the patterns of heavy rain in Depok? She said that as she remembers, the rainy season in Depo k area is from November to May and that the dry season starts in June and finishes at October. When the period of heavy rains is around February. Have the UI Depok campus had flooded due to heavy rains before? rainy season, and some of the drainage system is not working well because of lack of maintenance or similar, some parts of the main road at the UI campus might get flooded, especially where the lakes are connected, because there is easier to increase the water level. What are the measures taken by the UI to avoid, prevent or correct flooding on campus? The UI has storm water canals along the campus at its main road and at its department buildings, which help to drain the water from rains to the lakes mainly or to some ground areas that are used as water absorption systems, to avoid flooding. Even though they have been using this good systems, sometimes the rain can exceed the capacity and cause some flooding. So UI is also working in this aspect, in the maintenance center and engineering department, to try to find the reasons and to solve the problems.

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NYOMAN Environmental Engineering Study Program Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia What do you think is the most critical aspect about water management at UI campus? 1 commitment of UI management office, to inc lude water management as one of the priorities on campus, aside from constructing buildings or other university infrastructure. To make a sustainable water management to minimize its negative environmental impacts as solid wastes thrown in to water bodies, high water turbidity and unpleasant odors. 2 commitment from students, professors, and staff. To at least dispose the rubbish into the respective garbage bins. The only problem at UI lakes is not just only the solid wastes (that mainly come from the comm unity) but also the liquid wastes coming mainly from canteens. Nowadays some of them have a treatment in the outlet, simulating a wetland natural system. But it presents lack of maintenance. The liquid wastes from toilets usually go to a septic tank, which every department building has. What you think is the greatest strength, about the water management at UI? He said that he thinks that one of the main strengths of nowadays water management at UI, is that in the last 3 years the university has a new artificial pond, which is used to collect rainfall water and with an infiltration system on the ground, in order to contribute with the underground water recharge rate. So with this system the UI might became more water self sufficient, supplying some water needs of campus mainly from underground water pumping, as each time less from local water service company, whic h is more costly for the university and because of that, less sustainable. He also recommends that this system should not only be at the end of the lake system at north campus, but also at the start of it at south of UI, to complete better the water rechar ge system. The other positive aspect, is that this year, the UI management, authorized a budget for an integrated water management including solid waste management, as well as the sedimentation collection and disposition and the drainage system. What ar e the main uses of water at Depok campus? He said that he thinks that the main uses of water at UI campus might be the toilets, followed by the water used at the mushollas which has some use peaks mainly at noon, where most UI Muslim staff might be doing the noon prayer. Also the canteens might be considered as some of the main uses of water, including restaurants. As well as irrigation systems used at mornings, in which gardens are irrigated before the temperature arise during the day. And lastly other us e might be

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the fishing, which is mainly done at the Salam and Ullin lakes also, and less at the water infiltration and recharge system). What are the main sources of wate r pollution at UI campus? What are the measures taken by UI to reduce or mitigate water pollution on campus? He said that now, starting from this year, UI has a new budget for managing the lakes water system, for which they are trying to find ways of m inimizing the water pollution on them. Principally by trying to promote the wetland system adoption by other departments, for them to implement it at the canteens sewage system, in which the waste water containing fats and detergents, might by treated by a small wetland system, to then be thrown to the closest lake. Also UI had implemented a garbage filter at the inlet of the UI lakes system that helps to avoid most of the garbage generated at surrounding areas and thrown to water bodies like river Ciliwu ng, to enter to the UI lakes. This system need a frequent cleaning for it to not to collapse, and also has some overflow problems during the wet season, in which due to heavy rains and the increase of water levels at all water bodies, had happened that the inlet canal get flooded during rainy season so most of the garbage come inside the UI lakes system. What are the patterns of heavy rain in Depok? He said that Depok is an area of heavy rains. Usually the wet season was from November to April, and the d ry season from May to October. But nowadays, this consistent pattern during the last years, have been changing, might be due to climate change, in which both seasons are tending to last more time than usual. Have the UI Depok campus had flooded due to heavy rains before? He said that, floodings are not very frequent, but during the rainy season there have been some especially on the road, because to both sides there are some storm water canals that can help to drain most of the water, but when there is an excess some areas get flooded. One of them is on the main road, between the economics and psychology departments where the Puspa and Mahoni lakes are connected. Other place is on the secondary road, close to the Sciences department. Also on the main ro ad between the Health Sciences department and the Law department (near to Pondok Cina gate). And lastly at the Civil Engineering department, there has been some inundations on the building, probably because it is at a lower level than the surrounding build ings at the Technical department.

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What are the measures taken by the UI to avoid, prevent or correct flooding on campus? He said, that the UI has a drainage system compose of all the storm water canals that can be found around all the departments, and which are mainly discharging at the lakes system. Also, that the Richard pond is a system not only to collect rainfall water for its underground water recharge, but also to prevent flooding in this area, because there all the run off generated by rainfall s is conducted to this pond in order to maximize this system water collection. In some of the departments, like at the civil engineer department, whom had some flooding issues during the rainy season, they have implemented some Richard well, which is simil ar to the pond but opposite shapes, where the well has a lower superficial area but deeper so that the rain water runoff can be collected through this well, for water to get infiltrated in the soil and feed the underground water bodies. As the UI lakes i s an interconnected system of 6 lakes, where does the water comes from? And where does it go? He said that the water comes from the neighboring areas in which some water canals bring water from the Ciliwung River, and those go inside UI campus. There the water flows along the lakes Kenanga and Agathis, in which Puspa Lake receives all this inflow, which ends at the Salam Lake, then the water flows again to the municipality water canals, and from those back to the Ciliwung River. The water that goes out of the UI, might be cleaner than the one coming inside. At the inlet the water comes with lots of garbage which is collected at the filter, or manually as maintenance of the lakes. Also some sediments are removed from lakes by occasional dragging. Then the o utlet water might be cleaner than the one at the entrance. You are known at this university as a UI lakes expert because you have been doing various research about this topic. So how would you define UI lakes water quality in average? He said, that the last water quality measures were done between 2011 and 2012, and at that time the water quality was bad, with lots of parameters above the standard limit allowed. Even when the rainy season is starting, the parameters still high. But usually water quality is better at the wet season than at the dry season, budget has been invested more in building construction and others. How often is done the community service between UI and TNI AD? TNI AD is called to the military of Depok, whom have a quota of social service at their community. So they usually when celebrating their anniversary agree with UI to do an event at campus, and also the cleaning campaign. It might be more than once

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a year, if UI has another important event and they are invited, they might be helping to do this cleaning activity. It is a garbage manual cleaning at the UI Lakes, and some sediment extraction too. After cleaning the lakes from garbage and sediments, where does this wastes go to? He said that, the garbage is collected and sent to landfill as the rest of the solid wastes. But that how to manage the sediments has been a challenge. It is necessary managed through a third party as a specialized company (on dangerous waste). But aybe over a geotextile. Last sludge analysis done this sediments where consider as toxic so had to be an international standard because here at Indonesia there is not a regu lation for sludge composition. How often is measured the UI lakes water quality by UPT K3L? He said that, this quality water measures are done for every dry and wet season, so almost every semester, and twice a year. Also that since this year there is more budget to increase the water quality measurements, so that they hope this are going to me more frequent. This measures are in charge of the K3L department (kind of a HSEQ division). Some parameters might me measured at UI labs, but other more speciali zed are measured by external laboratories. Where the screening or filter was installed by DPPF UI? He said that, the inlet water filter was installed by the maintenance division (DPPF UI), but the technical design was made by Pak Herr. This filter is loc ated at the inlet close to the Agathis Lake, which is next to the Polytechnic. Does the UI do vigilance around lakes area by UPT PLK UI, and how often? The UI has an intern vigilance service, which is managed by the security division (UPT PLK UI), but it is not only around the lakes. They can be seen around campus wearing their respective uniform, they do patrol around the different UI facilities, but mainly during the day. He is not sure if it is also during the night.

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FARAH NABILLA Architecture Department 8 th semester What do you think is the most critical aspect about water management at UI campus? She said that she thinks that the most critical aspect about water management in UI is can be more the misinformation at an individual scale, because people at UI are not aware about water management and its importance; number of lakes at campus, when water gets polluted, how water can get polluted, if lakes are connected, or if there is a treatment of the waste waters at campus. What you think is the greatest strength, about the water management at UI? She said that she thinks that the greatest strength regarding water management at UI is that this university and this campus has a department of Civil Engineering and it has a division of E nvironmental Engineering, programs in which students and professors are doing research about water management at campus, taking samples from lakes and analyzing those, having some results about it. But as long as she has been studying at UI (last 4 years) she hasnt seen any significant improvement on this regard, because the solid wastes are still seen at lakes, so there might be many undetermined factors that might have to be researched about water management at UI. What are the main uses of water at Dep ok campus? She said that as far as she knows, the main use of water at Depok campus is water catchment, because the Depok area seems to be a buffer area between Jakarta and Bogor, where water comes from Bogor, as it is in a higher altitude and there it ra ins more, so then the water flows down towards Jakarta, which is in a lower altitude (sea level). What are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus? She thinks that the main source of water pollution at UI, might be the outsiders from the univers ity, like non student visitor and street seller usually bring some food with them and throw the garbage away at the lakes, gardens and streets, so water get polluted that way. Also some people that are transferring from neighboring areas, that use the UI y ellow bus and whom are going to the other side of campus sometimes to cat c h the train, are usually the people who throw the garbage away on campus. What are the measures taken by UI to reduce or mitigate water pollution on campus?

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She said she has never heard about this topic in specific. But that she remembers that when being an freshman, at first semester, all students are asked to write about different current issues and one of those is the water pollution, specially the evident one in front of the eco nomics building, so students might come with good ideas, but after some years nothing new has been implemented and the situations remains the same. What are the patterns of heavy rain in Depok? She said that as she remembers, the rains at Depok area are usually from January to June, and the dry season from July to December, but even though during the dry season there are some light rains. The difference between seasons is that during winter is rains much heavier and more frequent than the rest of the yea r. Have the UI Depok campus had flooded due to heavy rains before? some, it might be due to some errors at the buildings design. Like in the case of the civil engineering building, that sometimes get flooded during the rainy season due mainly to the fact that this building was designed bellow the other neighboring buildings. What are the measures taken by the UI to avoid, prevent or correct flooding on campus? As far as I know, the Muslim is the major religion here in Indonesia, which has some relation with water as the rituals that take place before the daily prayers. Are you Muslim? Can you describe us be tter the wudu practice? Please. minutes usually. It is done because they believe that the body have be cleaned with water (or dust) before praying at the mosque or mushollas Also during the wudu the water needs to be running continuously. It can be seen actually as a waste of water, but from their religious perspective it is a mandatory ritual. It consist of washing 3 times each of the parts of the body that represents a sen se: mouth, eyes, nose, ears, hands, arms, feet, legs and head also. Most of the older people take more time doing it, because they tend to be more meticulous or slower. How often Muslims practice wudu during the day? At UI wudu might be done around 2 ti mes per Muslim person in a day (at noon and at 3 pm), or if the person stays all day at campus can be up to 5 times. Is there are another use of water related to Muslim religion?

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Usually the Friday prayers at noon are required specifically for men, what might represent a peak in water consumption, because a lot of men gather at the mosques and mushollas at the same time doing the wudu ritual almost simultaneously, so they spend a lot of clear water during this practice.

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AUDRIA Law student 4 th semester Volunteer interested in water management (she thinks that in Indonesian there are not appropriate water regulations, and also that people are not aware about water issues) What do you think is the most critical aspect about water management at UI campus? She said that she thinks that the main problem about water in UI area is the quality of water provided by the local governmental company called PAM. And that this water has too much chlorine, it is different to the one treated electrically. W hat you think is the greatest strength, about the water management at UI? She said that she thinks that the positive aspect about water management in UI is its abundance, due to that in Depok area there are many and often rains, and that also the lakes sa ve many of this water resource. What are the main uses of water at Depok campus? She said that she thinks that the main use of water on UI campus might be the used in toilets, because people use to stay at campus around 8 hours, and that they have to use the toilets various times per day. What are the main sources of water pollution at UI campus? She said that she thinks that the main source of water pollution in Depok area is the garbage thrown to surface water bodies, coming from the community activit ies wastes. What are the measures taken by UI to reduce or mitigate water pollution on campus? campus. What are the patterns of heavy rain in Depok? She said that the rains here in Depok depend on the season; wet or dry, in which during the wet season the rains are very frequent and heavier (usually morning and midnight), but if it is dry season the rains can be twice a month. The wet season starts around September until Apri l, and the dry season start from May up to August. Have the UI Depok campus had flooded due to heavy rains before?

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the wet season of heavy rains. What are the measures taken by the UI to avoid, prevent or correct flooding on campus? to implement measures to prevent or reduce flooding on campus. ou some aspects about general Indonesian hygiene costumes. Ive seen in all the toilets that there is a water spray connected to the water pipe system, or a pail full of water aside of each toilet. What are those used for? She said that not in all the toi lets are used the water sprays, but that in most of the toilets, and in the traditional or old ones, there is used a water container with a pail. She said that this are used mainly to clean the private parts of a person after making their needs in the rest room But it is also to clean the toilet, and to release the sanitary as a majority of toilets are dry because the sewage is based on a septic tank system. As far as you know, are there showers at the UI campus restrooms? She said that she doesnt know about any shower here at UI campus, she thinks that there might be some at the gym, but no in other buildings. Do you know about any other Indonesian hygiene costume that use water and that might be taking place here at UI campus? She said that other wa ter use that might be included in the list, is the dish washing and the hand washing activities. Usually people in Indonesian are used to do hand washing before eating, but also after because especially at Java Island, where people prefer to eat with their