- Permanent Link:
- Echoing The City's Contrivence
- Jerez, Yadira
- Publication Date:
- Subjects / Keywords:
- Affordable housing ( jstor )
Architectural design ( jstor )
Buildings ( jstor )
Cities ( jstor )
Environmental technology ( jstor )
Geometry ( jstor )
Skin ( jstor )
Social interaction ( jstor )
Social interaction models ( jstor )
Systems design ( jstor )
- Undergraduate Honors Thesis
- My focus for the final project of Design 7 was studying the friction and interactions between these competing systems and the potential to generate a hybridized design whose form, formation process, and elemental structure, exhibit and institute a distinct level of responsiveness, adaptability and innovation. I was specifically interested in social considerations, technological constrains or opportunities, construction methodologies and material technology, and aesthetics. But it is not enough to model the interactions between these complex systems and to use those interactions to simply generate novel forms. Autonomous architecture designed in precisely this way is often plugged into city grids with little regard for the impact culturally, socially, and environmentally. The predominating focus of function, efficiency, and cost over the aesthetic form has disconnected the humanism of architecture as its core. In this work, the process shifts design intent form sensual to logical, as if the design of architecture has transformed into a mathematical equation that is begging to be comprehended objectively, instead of an extension of ourselves. ( en )
- General Note:
- Awarded Bachelor of Design; Graduated May 3, 2011 magna cum laude. Major: Architecture
- General Note:
- Advisor(s): John Maze
- General Note:
- College/School: College of Design, Construction and Planning
- Source Institution:
- University of Florida
- Rights Management:
- Copyright Yadira Jerez. Permission granted to the University of Florida to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Echoing the CityÂ’s Contrivance Yadira Jerez
We live in a constant state of ux, bound somewhat precariously between variable motivators in a perpetual state of change. As these social, cultural, environmental, technological, and material motivators shift, they affect one another in ways both constructive and contradictory. It is a condition that de nes life today. My focus for the nal project of Design 7 was studying the friction and interactions between these competing systems and the potential to generate a hybridized design whose form, formation process, and elemental structure, exhibit and institute a distinct level of responsiveness, adaptability and innovation. I was speci cally interested in social considerations, technological constrains or opportunities, construction methodologies and material technology, and aesthetics. But it is not enough to model the interactions between these complex systems and to use those interactions to simply generate novel forms. Autonomous architecture designed in precisely this way is often plugged into city grids with little regard for the impact culturally, socially, and environmentally. The predominating focus of function, ef ciency, and cost over the aesthetic form has disconnected the humanism of architecture as its core. In this work, the process shifts design intent form sensual to logical, as if the design of architecture has transformed into a mathematical equation that is begging to be comprehended objectively, instead of an extension of ourselves. I was interested in exploring the potential of algorithmic design tools, including genetic and evolutionary development principals, as a structured means of pursuing highly emergent design problems of large and complex set and context to innovatively conceive and execute a design project that recognizes and incorporates the human condition within them. In my studies to date, I have pursued this through intense digital design coursework that engages operative processes and physical occupation. I have taught myself grasshopper in order to study urban phenomena and human experience based on stated parameters that alter per design project. I have tried to use all these skills to bind it to architectonic proposals in my studio projects as well as personal research to further develop skills and enhance understanding of the subject.
In collaboration with Andresa Maia
The city of New York offers a genuinely cosmopolitan arena for study and experimentation and has an apparent conception of the interdependence between creativity, performance, research and the potential for innovation. During our week long stay in the City of New York, I mapped and photograph different spatial conditions that would later on become that generating ideas that generated the project. The experience of walking through the designated site became a manifestation of the experiences of the visitor through different types of spaces in Manhattan. In particular the re ection of three different spatial experiences; through a vertically compressed space, horizontally compressed space, and a plaza like wide-open space.
Due to the density of the context and of the city of New York, sun studies helped shape the structures to allow as much natural light as possible to penetrate the block. Generative Sketches December 21st March 20thJune 21stSeptember 20th
The concept of the building complex is generated from a city characterized by constant activity, and conditioned by constant traf c and noise. I observed that the constant movement and the fast pace of the city limits interaction between individuals and thus decided that the project should integrate framed and generative views promote speci c human interactions and experiences. The skin of the buildings would be adaptive and consequently respond to the needs of each building. The structure of the building reveals unexpected changes of scale, from very tight niches to very high and well naturally lit up areas. On the skin, changes in the aperture scales and transparencies relate directly to the programmatic spaces, which are separated into public, semi-private and private areas. The openings generate visual and physical connections between the individuals that occupy multiple spaces of this multifunctional structure. The city block maintains permeable street edges whose geometries and visual porosity invites the public in. At the top oor of the market rate residential tower, a night venue becomes a cultural icon, a spectacle for the city to see as the space simultaneously projects occupants into the NYC skyline.
Attractors Attractors were positioned in accordance to the programmatic elements of each building. On the affected area, the surfaces closest to the attractors have larger openings than those furthest away as the major and minor axis of the ellipse shrink. Grasshopper De nition
1Â’ 2.5Â’ 1.5Â’ 3.75Â’ 2Â’ 5Â’ 3Â’ 7.5Â’ 4Â’ 10Â’ 5Â’ 15Â’ 20Â’ 8Â’ Size = x0.25 Major Axis = 0.5Â’ Minor Axis = 0.25Â’ Size = x37.7 Major Axis = 0.75Â’ Minor Axis = 0.37Â’ Size = x0.50 Major Axis = 1Â’ Minor Axis = 0.5Â’ Size = x0.75 Major Axis = 1.5Â’ Minor Axis = 0.75Â’ Size = x1 Major Axis = 2Â’ Minor Axis = 1Â’ Size = x1.5 Major Axis = 3Â’ Minor Axis = 1.5Â’ Size = x2 Major Axis = 4Â’ Minor Axis = 2Â’The skin of the structure led to explorations in thresholds, degrees of enclosure, and gradients of porosity throughout the public and private aspects of the building. Aperture Scale The skin is composed of a bottom and top geometry that differ as they are extruded. The bottom geometry maintains the characteristics of the panels that it covers while the top geometry, a circle, modulates the skin and lessens the scale of the buildings. The skin has a direct correlation to the programmatic ideas embedded in the buildings and responds to them accordingly. Attractors were placed around the spaces where the most amount of sunlight is desired as the openings of the skin become larger as they approach the attractor. The affected area of the skin as well as the scale of the openings was calculated in accordance to the degree of privacy required and the views that they would provide the inhabitant.
Light wells were also added to every building in order to make the spaces more welcoming and lit. The light wells are all inhabitable and in used for circulation. They are experienced as both an art form and a functional part of the structure. Tabular Data
Market Rate Residential Units 790, 815 sq.ft Affordable Housing Units 227, 842 sq.ft Commercial/Of ce/Retail 328, 776 sq.ft Gallery 41, 260 sq.ft School 195, 200 sq.ft Parking 70, 000 sq.ft The program called for mixed used development that would include a school to replace the existing one or keep the one on site. Housing units were developed, which included affordable housing units. Commercial and other entertainment areas were added to the program to open the ground oors to the public and make the plaza a welcoming, pedestrian friendly environment.
Section B Section A 1. Elementary School 2. Art Gallery 3. Market Rate Residential Tower 4. Affordable Housing Tower 5. Commercial/ Office/ Retail 2 1 3 4 5A continuous ribbon like ground creates openings throughout the block allowing for the occurrence of the three moments within the site. These become public meeting spaces and at the same time allow for the ow of movement of pedestrians within the dense setting of New York.
1. Sidewalk (South) 2. Sidewalk (North) 3. Park 4. Gallery Entry 5. Courtyard
*All the images used in this document were generated in collaboration with Andresa Maia