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Undersea warfare

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Title:
Undersea warfare
Place of Publication:
Washington, DC
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U.S. Submarine Force
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regular
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English
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v. : ill. ; 28 cm.

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Submarine forces -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Submarine warfare -- Periodicals -- United States ( lcsh )
Submarines (Ships) -- Periodicals -- United States ( lcsh )
Submarine forces ( fast )
Submarine warfare ( fast )
Submarines (Ships) ( fast )
United States ( fast )
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periodical ( marc )
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )

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Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (fall 1998)-
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Some issues are published in combined form.

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
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40392679 ( OCLC )
2002207326 ( LCCN )
1554-0146 ( ISSN )
ocm40392679
Classification:
VA858 .U53 ( lcc )
359 ( ddc )

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University of Florida
Digital Military Collection

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S UMMER 2018 PHOTO CONTEST CALL FOR ENTRIES INSIDEH istory of U. S S ubs in the A rctic L eave as a Performance Metric Q& A : exS ubmariner in H ollywood A dvice for new P NEO Graduates U S SUBMARINES B ECAUSE STEALTH MATTERS ICEX A dvancing Cooperation and Capabilities in the Arctic

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UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 3 Undersea Warriors, As my three-year tenure as Commander, Submarine Forces draws to a close, I want you all to know that it has been the greatest privilege of my career to be your Force Commander. It has been an honor to work with the best people on the best warships supported by the best families! For much of the last century, we really only had one main competitor on which to focus. We are now in a world where we not only have two near-peer competitors with which to contend, but also three non-near-peer adversaries that challenge us as welloverall a much broader field.As far as missions go, ours has historically been fairly focused. There has not always been the broad range of missions that our submarines have today: strategic deterrence, strike, anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, mine warfare, arctic operations, and insertion of Special Operations Forces. I challenge you to find another platform in the entire Department of Defense that has that breadth of mission sets, from Phase Zero strategic deterrence to Phase Two kinetic high-end warfare. Then there are the domains in which we operate. Today we are under the ice, on the seabed, interacting with the surface, shooting ballistic and cruise missiles thousands of miles, conducting electromagnetic warfare, and using unmanned aerial and undersea vehicles. Its a full spectrum of cross-domain interaction. Youll read about a great example of this throughout this edition of Undersea Warfare, discussing how earlier this year the fantastic crews of USS Hartford (SSN 768), USS Connecticut (SSN 22), and HMS Trenchant (S 91) conducted multinational submarine operations in the Arctic. These teams validated and enhanced our ability to sustain maritime superiority and preserve freedom of the seas in the most challenging undersea domain. Despite all of the changes weve had to adapt to, one thing remains consistentour people continue to be the foundation of our strength. Everything we do is only made possible by our fantastic Sailors and their families who support them. Im extremely proud to have served with every single one of you, and I cant thank you enough for your devoted leadership, your tireless dedication, and your selfless sacrifice. Thank you for all you do. Keep charging! J.E. Tofaloone thing remains consistent our people continue to be the foundation of our strength. Everything we do is only made possible by our fantastic Sailors and their families who support them. The Los Angeles -class fast-attack submarine USS Hartford (SSN 768) (left) and the Royal Navy Trafalgar -class submarine, HMS Trenchant (S-91) (right) surface through the ice during the mul tinational maritime Ice Exercise (ICEX) in the Arctic Circle. Photo by Chief Darryl I. Wood 16A rctic E xercisesby Lt. Courtney Callaghan, CSS-11 PAO, Mr. Theo Goda, Joseph Hardy and Larry Estrada, Arctic Submarine LabS ixty Years of U. S S ubmarines in the A rcticby Lt. Cmdr. Bradley Boyd, Officer in Charge, Historic Ship Nautilus Director, Submarine Force Museum Operation S unshineby Lt. Cmdr. Bradley Boyd, Officer in Charge, Historic Ship Nautilus Director, Submarine Force MuseumT eaching Submarine L eadership: A n O ften O verlooked Metric and L eading I ndicator in Your C rews Performanceby Cmdr. Scott McGinnis A Submariner Surfaces in H ollywoodby Cmdr. Cameron Aljilani, OPNAV N97L ife A fter P NEOby Lt. Cmdr. Luke Kelvington 4 is online at:www.public.navy.mil/ subfor/underseawarfaremagazineF orce Commanders Corner Division Directors Corner Masthead/Medal of Honor T ribute Sailors First Downlink1 2 3 23 25 U S SUBMARINES B ECAUSE STEALTH MATTERS I ssue N o. Summer 2018 THE OFFICIAL MA G AZINE OF THE U.S. SUBMARINE FORCE U S SUBMARINES B ECAUSE STEALTH MATTERS On the Cover 16 8 10 Advancing Cooperation and Capabilities in the Arctic Departments 4 10 12 8 ICEX 22

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UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 5 4 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE In keeping with UNDERSEA WARFARE Magazines charter as the Official Magazine of the U.S. Submarine Force, we welcome letters to the editor, questions relating to articles that have appeared in previous issues, and insights and lessons learned from the fleet. UNDERSEA WARFARE Magazine reserves the right to edit submissions for length, clarity, and accuracy. All submissions become the property of UNDERSEA WARFARE Magazine and may be published in all media. Please include pertinent contact information with submissions.Undersea Warfare Team, It was a busy spring for the Undersea Warfare Community and our allies. In the last several months we executed a spectrum of operations. USS John Warner (SSN 785) supported U.S. and Allied forces to enforce the Presidents policy in Syria and became the first Virginia-class submarine to launch Tomahawk missiles while deployed. USS Maryland (SSBN 738) conducted an overseas port visit to Faslane, Scotland demonstrating U.S. capability, flexibility, and continuing commitment to NATO. USS Connecticut (SSN 22), USS Hartford (SSN 768), and HMS Trenchant (S 91) participated in the biennial Ice Exercise (ICEX) in the Arctic to evolve our tactics, techniques, and procedures for operating in this harsh and unique environment. The Submarine Forces ability to execute a wide range of missions worldwide is what helps maintain the United States maritime superiority. The last couple months of submarine operations is a demonstration of our unparalleled dominance in undersea warfare. We operate the best platforms, train the best crews, and continue to foster a culture of integrity and high-velocity learning to maintain our competitive edge. Our competitors know our strengths and equally value the importance of advantage in the undersea domain, which makes us a target. Our competitors across the globe are improving their capabilities at a fast rate, are determined to further erode our undersea dominance, and are willing to do it by any possible means. We not only need to protect our classified technologies, but we should also know that our adversaries can use the aggregation of unclas-sified and FOUO procedures and capabilities to gain advantage. Protecting our capabilities, tactics, and operating patterns is paramount to the safety of our Sailors. Each Sailor, despite his or her experience and seniority, knows something that would benefit our adversaries in closing that gap. It is time to tighten our discipline with operational security; every use of social media (tweet, Facebook post, Snapchat, etc.) you send can be read by our adversaries. Its your job to stop and ask yourself Am I comfortable hitting send on this e-mail? As the director, I am focused on improving our networks to protect all information. Its time to develop a mindset of constructive paranoia toward how we communicate to intensify our efforts to protect our advantages to maintain undersea dominance. In this issue we focus on ICEX. The Submarine Force is the primary means the U.S. Navy uses to project power and protect U.S. national interests in the Arctic. ICEX 2018 was successful at expanding our understanding and building proficiency in Arctic operations. This years events included testing new ice-avoidance sonars, experimenting with under-ice weapon systems, validating tactics for weapon employment, and employing Navy divers in extreme-cold-weather diving for torpedo retrieval. Most important, the involvement of HMS Trenchant in ICEX 2018 marks a return of the UK to the Arctic, demonstrating our ability to operate with our allies in this challenging environment. It is my responsibility to support the Fleet through proper resourcing to ensure that our ships, submarines, and aircraft and our Sailors and Marines are ready for both their peacetime and wartime missions year-round. Our current budget prioritizes restoring Fleet readiness while making the necessary targeted investments in future capabilities to maintain our undersea advantage against a backdrop of growing competition. Make no mistake, our Submarine Force is ready to confront the adversaryany time, any place, and at the time of our choosingand todays investments will ensure that we can maintain this confidence in the future against an ever more capable adversary. CHINFO Merit Award Winner Silver Inkwell Award WinnerThe Official Magazine of the U.S. Submarine F orce U S SUBMARINES B ECAUSE STEALTH MATTERS UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 5 Vice A dm. Joseph E. T ofalo Commander, Submarine Forces Commander, Submarine Force Atlantic Rear A dm. Daryl Caudle Commander, Submarine Force U.S. Pacific Fleet Rear A dm. John W T ammen, Jr. Director, Undersea Warfare Division (N97) Master Chief Petty Officer John J. Perryman COMSUBLANT Force Master Chief Master Chief Petty Officer Pual J. Davenport COMSUBPAC Force Master Chief Lt. Cmdr. T ommy Crosby COMSUBLANT Public Affairs Officer Cmdr. Brook DeW alt COMSUBPAC Public Affairs Officer Military Editor: Lt. Cmdr. P. Brent Shrader Senior Editor, Design & Layout: Rick Johnston Managing Editor: T homas L ee CharterUNDERSEA WARFARE is the professional magazine of the under sea warfare community. Its purpose is to educate its readers on undersea warfare missions and programs, with a particu lar focus on U.S. submarines. This journal will also draw upon the Submarine Forces rich historical legacy to instill a sense of pride and professionalism among community members and to enhance reader awareness of the increasing relevance of undersea warfare for our nations defense. The opinions and assertions herein are the personal views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, or the Department of the Navy.Contributions and F eedback W elcomeSend articles, photographs (min. 300 dpi electronic), and feedback to: Military Editor, Undersea Warfare CNO N97 2000 Navy Pentagon, Washington, DC 20350-2000 E-Mail: underseawarfare@hotmail.com Phone: (703) 614-9372 Fax: (703) 695-9247 Subscriptions and back issues U.S. Government Publishing Office P.O. Box 979050, St. Louis, MO 63197-9000 Phone: (866) 512-1800 or fax (202) 512-2104 (U.S. & Can.) Washington, D.C. area or Intl. calls: (202) 512-1800 Email: ContactCenter@gpo.gov Website: https://bookstore.gpo.gov Annual cost: $28.00 U.S.; $39.20 ForeignA uthorizationUNDERSEA WARFARE (ISSN 1554-0146) is published quarterly from appropriated funds by authority of the Chief of Naval Operations in accordance with NPPR P-35. The Secretary of the Navy has determined that this publication is necessary in the transaction of business required by law of the Department of the Navy. Use of funds for printing this publication has been approved by the Navy Publications and Printing Policy Committee. Reproductions are encouraged with proper citation. Controlled circulation. LETTERS TO THE EDITORSend submissions to: Military Editor Undersea W arfare CNO N97 2000 Navy Pentagon W ashington, DC 20350-2000 or underseawarfare@hotmail.com Make no mistake, our Submarine Force is ready to confront the adversaryany time, any place, and at the time of our choosingand todays investments will ensure that we can maintain this confidence in the future against an ever more capable adversary.J.W. Tammen, Jr. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Commander of a Submarine Coordinated Attack Group with Flag in the USS Sculpin (SS 191) during the Ninth War Patrol of that vessel in enemycontrolled waters off Truk Island 19 November 1943. Undertaking this patrol prior to the launching of our first large-scale offensive in the Pacific, Captain Cromwell, alone of the entire Task Group, possessed secret intelligence information of our submarine strategy and tactics, scheduled fleet movements and specific attack plans. Constantly vigilant and precise in carrying out his secret orders, he moved his undersea flotilla inexorably forward despite savage opposition and established a line of submarines to southeastward of the main Japanese stronghold at Truk. Cool and undaunted as the submarine, rocked and battered by Japanese depth charges, and having sunk to an excessive depth, he authorized Sculpin to surface and engage the enemy in a gunfight, thereby providing an opportunity for the crew to abandon ship. Determined to sacrifice himself rather than risk capture and subsequent danger of revealing plans under Japanese torture or use of drugs, he stoically remained aboard the mortally wounded vessel as she plunged to the bottom. Preserving the security of his mission at the cost of his own life, he served his country as he served the Navy, with deep integrity and an uncompromising devotion to duty. His great moral courage in the face of certain death adds new luster to the traditions of United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country. MEDAL OF HONOR MOMENT

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The Need and the ChallengesWith growing international interest in the region, it is important that the Navy sharpen its skills in the Arctic to maintain a stabilizing presence there. From a military, geographic, and scientific perspective, the Arctic Ocean is truly unique and remains one of the most challenging ocean environments on earth, said Rear Adm. James Pitts, commander of the Undersea Warfighting Development Center (UWDC). We must constantly train together with our submarine units and partners to remain proficient in this region. As such, UWDC Detachment Arctic Submarine Laboratory (ASL) leads the coordination of ICEX and development of its short-term drifting ice station to support this mission. ICEX provides the U.S. and Royal Navy submarine forces the opportunity for tactical training and systems testing in an environment unlike any other in the world. The Arctic Ocean is partially covered by sea ice throughout the year and completely covered in the Arctic winter. The Arctic Oceans surface temperature and salinity vary seasonally as the ice cover melts and freezes; its salinity is the lowest on average of the five major oceans due to low evaporation, the heavy fresh water inflow from rivers and streams, and limited connection and outflow to surrounding oceanic waters. The combination of these factors causes the Arctic Ocean salinity and density to vary dramatically, which has significant effects on submarine operations. The contour of the sea ice canopy poses additional challenges for submarine sensors.ICEX 2018USS Connecticut (SSN 22), USS Hartford (SSN 768), and the Royal Navy hunter killer submarine, HMS Trenchant (S-91) were all able to conduct operational training, testing the ship systems in this unique environment during ICEX 2018. The three submarines conducted joint operations at Ice Camp SKATE in the Beaufort Sea from March 7-21, 2018 before rendezvousing and surfacing at the North Pole on March 27, 2018. Each submarine followed its own route to the Arctic Ocean, demonstrating assured access and proficiency in submarine Arctic operations. The three submarines spent 105 days under ice while steaming over 21,000 nautical miles. Combined, they performed 20 through-ice surfacings including the first three-submarine ICEX since 1991. This was the first under-ice deployment of a Royal Navy submarine since 2007 and through-ice surfacing since 2004. Submarine operations at SKATE consisted of four exercise torpedo firings and recoveries during a Torpedo Exercise (TORPEX) and six submarine tactical development tests.PioneeringThe journey to ICEX 2018 began months before the submarines arrived in the Arctic. In October 2017, experts from the Naval Ice Center (NIC) and the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), in collaboration with ASL, began tracking satellite imagery to identify ice floes that could be suitable sites for the drifting ice station. Satellite images were used to track ice floes that survived the summer months. To select a site to build the drifting ice camp, the team needed to identify a floe consisting of both first-year and multi-year ice. The site needed to be within flight range of our support aircraft in order to continue delivering supplies and personnel, said Larry Estrada, ASL Director. First-year ice is characteristically flat, providing an ideal location for grooming a runway, whereas multi-year ice, or ice that survives the summer months, produces a stronger, thicker, and more stable floe, ideal for supporting ice camp structures. Approximately one week before the start of camp build, a small team with members from ASL, UAF, and NIC conducted a surveillance flight from U.S. Coast Guard Air Station Kodiak. During the flight, the Coast Guard dropped tracking buoys onto multiple ice floes that the team evaluated as potential sites for an ice station. Two days later, members of ASL, Ukpeavik Iupiat Corporation (UIC) Science, and UAF embarked on a chartered plane to conduct pioneering surveys on the previously identified candidate ice floes. Once on the ice, the team drilled and collected ice cores on each of the ice floes surveyed. Additionally, a specialized sled carrying an Electromagnetic Induction (EMI) instrument was pulled across each floe to determine the varying ice thicknesses. The EMI can distinguish between the different properties of sea ice to identify ice thicknesses. These data were used along with other logistics considerations to select an ice floe that was the most likely to support four weeks of personnel on the ice.Ice Camp SKATEAfter selecting the most suitable ice floe, construction of Ice Camp SKATE began. Tens of thousands of pounds of tents, food, supplies, snowmobiles, diving equipment, and additional support equipment were delivered to the site. This was achieved through two methods. The primary method was by aircraft. The second method was via an airdrop facilitated by the Alaska Air National Guards 176th Wing. The 176th Wing partnered with U.S. Marine Corps riggers from 1st Air Delivery Platoon, Landing Support Company, Combat Logistics Regiment 17, 1st Marine ICEX is part of the U.S. Navy Submarine Arctic Warfare program sponsored by the Chief of Naval Operations, Undersea Warfare Division (OPNAV N97). The biennial Submarine Arctic Ice Exercise (ICEX) program, along with other routine Arctic transits, is the long-standing means by which our Submarine Force develops and hones its Arctic operational and warfighting skills. ICEX dates back to the 1940s after recognition of a potential threat and operational need in the Arctic. Since 1947 when Dr. Waldo K. Lyon, founder of the Arctic Submarine Laboratory, made the first dive beneath the Arctic on a U.S. Navy submarine, over 120 submarine operations and more than 70 ICEXs have been conducted near and under the ice. Initially, ICEX employed diesel submarines conducting short excursions beneath the ice pack and in the Marginal Ice Zones. Throughout the Cold War era, the Sturgeon-class submarines were the workhorses of the Arctic, participating in numerous ICEXs, many of which were conducted with the support of drifting research ice stations. Since 2007, ICEX has become a formal program of record focusing on submarine operational proficiency and tactical capability of three fast attack classes supported by Navy-operated ice camps. Residents of Ice Camp S KATE drill a hole in the ice during Ice Exercise (ICEX) 2018. U.S. Navy photo by Airman 1st Class Kelly Willett 6 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 7 6 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 7by L t. C ourtney C allaghan, CSS -11 P AO Mr. T heo Goda, Joseph H ardy and L arry E strada, A rctic S ubmarine L ab

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Logistics Group to construct the airdrop platforms and attach the parachutes for the Navy equipment. The ice camp was named in honor of USS Skate (SSN 578), the first submarine to surface near the North Pole in open water in 1958 and the first through-ice surfacing at the North Pole in 1959. USS Skate developed and perfected the vertical surfacing procedure that is used by U.S. and British submarines today. Skate was also the first submarine to rendezvous with a drifting ice camp, Ice Station Alpha, in 1958. Ice Camp SKATE was a temporary ice station that was essential for training, integrating, and certifying submarines in advanced tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) under the ice. The structures and personnel at the camp served as a temporary command center for conducting submarine operations, including under-ice navigation and TORPEXs, and assessing the submarines readiness while operating in the harsh arctic environment. The ice camp team of personnel from ASL, UIC, and UAF built the ice camp with support from personnel from the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Navy. Ice Camp SKATE consisted of seven berthing shelters, a galley and mess tent capable of feeding more than 50 people, a command center and submarine tracking range tent, a tent for diving operations, a tent for helicopter and equipment maintenance, a working tent for research, and multiple ice runways. With every ICEX we are able to build upon our existing experience and continue to learn the best way to operate in this unique and harsh environment, said Rear Adm. Pitts. We are constantly testing new TTPs under the ice, and this exercise allows us to do so on a larger scale alongside our UK, joint, and academic partners. The advantage of having a camp on the ice floe is to provide a stable platform to deploy a tracking range, sensors, and test equipment for the exercise, Estrada said. From the tracking range, range safety officers monitor and control all movements of the submarines and provide the targeting for the TORPEXs. Additionally, from the command center, camp personnel kept tabs on everybody leaving or returning to camp and controlled the movement of vehicles and aircraft. U.S. Navy Meteorology and Oceanography Command (METOC) officers also monitored any changes in the weather and the ocean environment to ensure safe operations for ice camp personnel and provided support for the three submarines. The Royal Navy continued its long history of participating in ICEX with the return of one of their hunter-killer submarines, HMS Trenchant (S-91), as well as Sailors participating on the ice as camp safety officers. The Royal Canadian Navy also continued support of ICEX by providing an experienced Sailor to serve as camp safety watch and range safety officers in addition to pilots and aircrew who flew numerous flights carrying personnel and cargo to and from the camp. After the completion of the exercise and departure of the submarines, ASL along with team members from UAF and UIC, dismantled the camp and returned the site to its original condition. As good stewards of the environment, the camp was demobilized with nothing left on the ice to ensure the Arctic ice remained free of any lasting pollutants or remnants of ICEX.Meteorological and Ice Analysis SupportICEX 18 was supported by a meteorological team composed of members from NIC, the UK Royal Navy Joint Operational and Meteorological Center London, and the UK Fleet Hydrographic and Meteorology Unit from Devonport. The combined ICEX weather team monitored the weather for dynamic environmental changes and provided weather forecasts for the drifting ice camp. The NIC and UAF also provided ice floe monitoring and fracturing predictions for the ice camp. The monitoring and risk predictions were developed with the use of high-resolution satellite imagery, meteorological observations, modeling tools, and analyst interpretation. These capabilities were a significant enhancement from previous ice camps and contributed to the continuity of operations of the ice camp and subsequent demobilization before the seasonal ice breakup. Meteorological support for flight operations were also vital to ASL and the success of the exercise. To maintain operability throughout the exercise, the only means of transportation of personnel and cargo across the Beaufort Sea was via air. Daily flights from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska provided the camps logistics lifeline. On-site imagery analysis, from the NIC analyst in Prudhoe Bay provided aviators with current and forecasted positions of the drifting ice camp and atmospheric information in the Arctic Ocean, said Lt. Jon Edmonds, Royal Navy METOC officer.Submarine ParticipationFor the three submarines that participated in ICEX 2018, preparation began well before they arrived at Ice Camp SKATE. ASL installed temporary arctic equipment and the crews were trained to operate this equipment. ASL also provided Arctic Operations Specialists, commonly called ice pilots, to each submarine to provide guidance in operations under ice and experience in arctic operations. Each route to and from ICEX provided the submarines with unique navigational and operational challenges. On its way to Ice Camp SKATE, USS Connecticut had to transit areas with very shallow water in the vicinity of ice keels deeper than 60 feet. Along their paths to the camp, USS Hartford and HMS Trenchant transited routes containing icebergs that had to be detected with active SONAR, tracked, and avoided. Before the submarines can surface, they must find open water or an ice feature that meets the ice breakthrough criteria for the particular submarine class. Due to the limitations for surfacing, each submarine must closely monitor atmospheric, navigation, and communication systems. While operating at Ice Camp SKATE, each submarine surfaced multiple times to accommodate the transfer of personnel and other military riders and guests. While surfaced, the submarines conducted ice liberty, allowing the crews to step out onto the ice for the opportunity to enjoy fresh air and get a rare glimpse of the ice floe. Our submarine forces are capable of operating here just as we operate along our East Coast and throughout the world, said Cmdr. Matthew Fanning, Commanding Officer of USS Hartford. These types of drills show we are capable of doing it and willing to come up here and conduct operations.Torpedo ExerciseWhile TORPEXs are conducted every other ICEX, 2018 stood apart as the first time military divers were used to recover the torpedoes. Divers from U.S. Navy Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit (MDSU) Two, Underwater Construction Team One, and the U.S. Coast Guard braved the Arctic waters to play a critical role in recovering the torpedoes. During the exercise, Connecticut and Hartford conducted a TORPEX in which one submarine acted as a target while the other fired exercise torpedoes under the ice. Exercise torpedoes have no warheads and carry less fuel. The primary objective of this years ICEX was to test new under-ice weapons systems and validate tactics for weapon employment, said Ryan Dropek, Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) Division Newport, R.I. Weapons Test Director. Once the divers recovered these torpedoes, we were able to extract important data about how they performed and reacted in these conditions. After the submarines fired the torpedoes, helicopters transported locating and field party teams to the locations where the positively buoyant torpedoes were calculated to run out of fuel. Each torpedo had a tracking device to assist in the search. Once the exact location was determined, a 3or 4-person team would drill a series of holes for the divers to enter and exit, as well as one hole for the torpedo to be lifted out by helicopter. Once we knew the location of the torpedo and drilled holes, our divers slipped into the water to begin placing weights on a line attached to the tail end of the torpedo, Chief Warrant Officer Michael Johnson, officer-in-charge of MDSU-2 divers, explained. The weights helped shift the torpedo from a state of positive buoyancy to neutral buoyancy under the ice. Once the torpedo was neutral, the divers attached brackets with cables to the top and bottom of the body of the torpedo. The NUWC torpedo recovery team connected the torpedo to the helicopter, which lifted it vertically out through the hole. Once the torpedo was delivered to the ice runway, the NUWC team prepared it for transport back to Prudhoe Bay. Strategic Engagements and VisitorsICEX 2018 completed two significant engagements that included a tour of the ice camp and an overnight embarkation on a submarine. These engagements provided those in leadership positions with first-hand observations of the Arctic environment and submarine operations under the ice so they understand the capabilities, limitations, and tasking of submarines in the Arctic. The first event was hosted by Adm. James Caldwell, Director Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program, and was attended by professional staff members for Congress, the Office of the Secretary of the Navy, and the White House Military Office. The second event was hosted by Adm. Bill Moran, Vice Chief of Naval Operations, and was attended by influential leaders in Congress, the Intelligence Community, and the UK Defence and Armed Forces. Additional multinational and UK Distinguished Visitor engagements were conducted at ICEX 2018. Rear Admiral Pitts hosted submarine professions from the United Kingdom at Ice Camp SKATE, and then the contingent proceeded to HMS Trenchant. Aboard the boat, the visitors and submarine leadership conducted a memorial for HMS Tireless (S-88) crewmembers who lost their lives on an Arctic deployment to support ICEX in 2007.North PoleFollowing the operations at Ice Camp SKATE on March 21, 2018, all three submarines transited over 1,000 miles to the North Pole. They rendezvoused on March 26 and surfaced on March 27. The boats conducted re-enlistment ceremonies, dolphin presentations, and enjoyed several hours of ice liberty. This event is a significant challenge as the boats must coordinate among themselves to find a location suitable for each one to surface. Cmdr. Matthew Fanning said of his experience at the North Pole, It was a great honor to be one of the few submarine Sailors to have the opportunity to surface at the North Pole, especially to be able to do it 60 years after USS Skate and USS Nautilus conducted their historic Arctic voyages.AccomplishmentsThe U.S. Navy and partners made several achievements during ICEX 2018. All exercise objectives set for ICEX 2018, both operational and strategic, were successfully completed during this event. For instance, ICEX 2018 personnel completed a TORPEX and tactical development testing while supporting Arctic research and military training. For the first time in 27 years, an ICEX was conducted with three submarines. Additionally, ICEX 2018 marked a return to under-ice operations for the Royal Navy after an 11-year absence. The following websites contain historical information on ASL, the Navys involvement in the Arctic, and ICEX 2018 pictures and videos. www.facebook.com/arcticsublab/ www.public.navy.mil/subfor/uwdc/asl/ www.dvidshub.net/feature/ICEX2018 U.S. Navy equipment is air dropped from an Alaska Air National Guard C-17 Globemaster III transport aircraft crewed by members of the 249th Airlift Squadron to Ice Exercise 2018 participants on the frozen Beaufort Sea several hundred miles north of the Alaskan coastline. Photo by Staff Sgt. Balinda ONeal Dresel, U.S. Army National Guard MOD Crown-copyright 2018 8 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 9

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by Lt. Cmdr. Bradley Boyd Officer in Charge, Historic Ship Nautilus Director, Submarine F orce Museum On A ugust 3rd, 1958, the crew of USS Nautilus (SSN 571) successfully navigated the Arctic ice pack and was the first vessel to ever reach the geographic North Pole. The achievement, while almost commonplace today, was the culmination of centuries of research and exploration. Beginning in 1553 the world had searched for the elusive Northeast and Northwest passages that would allow a vessel to transit from the A tlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean without having to transit south past the southern tips of South America or Africa, or later through the Suez and Panama Canals. The first successful transit of the Northeast Passage was in 1878-1879 by Finland and the first continuous transit was accomplished in 1932 by the Soviet Union. The first successful transit of the Northwest Passage was in 1903-1906 by Norway, and the first continuous transit was completed in 1944 by Canada. Despite the success in finding a route through the ice, these passages were only open for a few months each year. A year-round passage seemed impossible until the submarine was considered. Six ty years of U.S. Submarines in the Arctic UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 11 10 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE

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The first submarine expedition occurred in 1931 with Sir Hubert Wilkins. Wilkins had traversed the North Pole in 1913 by airplane and he realized that a submarine may have the ability to successfully transit the Arctic ice by submerging beneath the ice floes. In 1931 Wilkins assembled his research team and leased the USS O-12 (SS 73), built by the Lake Torpedo Boat Company of Bridgeport, Conn., from the U.S. Navy for $1.00 per year. The boat was taken to Mathis Shipyard in Camden, N.J. to have modifications made for its arctic journey. On March 23rd, 1931, the boat pulled into the Brooklyn Navy Yard of New York and Sir Wilkins wife, Lady Suzanne Bennett, christened the ship Nautilus. While in New York, Nautilus was outfitted with a hydraulically operated vertical probe and drill that were designed by Simon Lake and installed by the Otis Elevator company. These modifications were intended to provide Nautilus with a means to measure the clearance between the ice and the top of the hull and allow for drilling through the ice in the event fresh air was needed and they were unable to get to the surface. On May 10th Nautilus transited to the submarine base in Groton, Conn. for provisions and further testing. On June 3rd Nautilus went to Provincetown, Mass. for speed testing and finally set out for the Arctic on June 4th, 1931. Wilkins first attempt to reach the Operation SUNSHINEBy Lt. Cmdr. Bradley Boyd, Ofcer in Charge, Historic Ship Nautilus Director, Submarine Force MuseumAugust 3rd, 1958 marks the rst time a naval vessel ever crossed 90 North, the North Pole. This year marks the 60th year that the United States has been operating under the Arctic ice. While operations under the ice might seem a matter of course today, in 1958 they were not. No naval vessel, let alone submarine, had ever operated that far north. Technology had to be developed and modied to allow something as simple as navigational heading to be accurately discerned. There were great concerns as to what water depth would be like as hydrographic surveys of the region were spotty if even available. What would happen if there were an emergency and the crew couldnt nd an area of no, or at least thin, ice? Previous submarine polar expeditions involving diesel-electric boats proved that a different propulsion system would be required for under-ice operations. What was needed was a power and propulsion source that was independent of air and could divorce the submarine from having to routinely return to the surface. USS Nautilus (SSN 571), with her groundbreaking nuclear power plant, had the ability to operate underwater at maximum capacity for extended periods of time anywhere in the worlds oceansincluding under the polar ice. A new chapter in polar exploration was about to begin. With the successful construction and employment of USS Nautilus, a small but vocal group of scientists and naval ofcers began to inuence the Navy to use the Nautilus for under-ice exploration. As she sailed to a NATO exercise in England in 1957, the Navy instructed Nautilus to conduct under-ice forays off of Greenland. During this trip radio communication was impossible, navigational gyroscopes failed, and periscopes were damaged by the ice. Despite these setbacks, Nautilus reached within 180 miles of the North Pole and recorded more data on ice than all previous polar operations combined. Unknown to the crew at the time, this trip would provide valuable lessons for a new under-ice mission less than a year later. The technological achievement of the Soviet Union in launching North Pole aboard Nautilus ended with engine trouble on June 13, 1931. Nautilus was rescued by USS Wyoming (BB 32) and towed to Queenstown, Ireland and later on to Davenport, England for repairs. After numerous delays due to parts availability in England, Wilkins made a second attempt on August 5th, 1931. On August 31st the Nautilus was about to attempt her first dive under an ice floe when the captain, Sloan Danehower, noticed the stern diving planes were gone. How they were lost remains a mystery, but Capt. Danehower and Sir Wilkins believed it was sabotage as the rudder was part of the same housing but it was completely undamaged. Despite this hindrance, Wilkins pressed on and they were able to submerge Nautilus under multiple ice floes and continue their experiments by flooding the ballast tanks and setting a 2.5 degree downward trim. Wilkins conceded a few days later that the voyage was no longer safe and the crew set sail for Longyeartbyen, Svalbard. Nautilus set sail for England again, but a storm that caused massive hull damage and engine failure forced them to Bergen, Norway. The United States Shipping Board agreed that Nautilus would not be returned to the United States and ordered her sunk in a Norwegian Fjord on November 20th, 1931. Operation NANOOK was a U.S. Navy Arctic expedition in 1946 that consisted of USS Norton Sound (AV 11), USS Atule (SS 403), USCGC Northwind (WAG 282), USS Alcona (AK 157), USS Beltrami (AK 162), and USS Whitewood (AN 63). The operation was to be predominantly cartographic but was also used to erect a radio and weather station near North Star Bay, Greenland. Operation BLUE NOSE was a U.S. Naval Arctic mission in the Chukchi Sea to explore under the polar ice cap. The operation took place in 1947 and consisted of USS Caiman (SS 323), USS Boarfish (SS 327), USS Cabezon (SS 334), and the submarine tender USS Nereus (AS 17). On August 1, 1947, USS Boarfish conducted the first under-ice transit of an ice floe in the Chukchi Sea. The transit lasted over an hour, and at the end Boarfish proved that extended under-ice navigation was practical. The expedition achieved a maximum latitude of 72 15 North. Since the nuclear-powered USS Nautilus (SSN 571) traversing of the Arctic on August 3rd, 1958 and Skates surfacing there on August 11th, 1958, the U.S. Navy has conducted Arctic operations on a consistent basis. The most recent operation was this past March when submarines homeported at Groton, Conn., Bangor, Wash., and Plymouth, England converged at Camp S KATE for ICEX 2018. The USS Hartford (SSN 768), USS Connecticut (SSN 22), and HMS Trenchant (SS 91) are the latest participants in the U.S. Navys under-ice exploits, but they wont be the last. The Arctic has become even more relevant in todays era, and the U.S. Submarine Force will continue to test and prove its capabilities beneath the roof of the world. the rst articial satellite, Sputnik, grabbed the worlds attention and shocked America as it appeared that the Soviets were gaining a technological advantage over the West. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, determined to demonstrate to the world that the United States was just as capable of great technological feats as the Soviets, ordered USS Nautilus, under the command of Cmdr. William R. Anderson, on one of the most top secret peacetime naval missions in historyan under-ice voyage from the Pacic to the Atlantic via the North Pole, code name: Operation SUNSHINE. The excerpted letters are from the crew of Nautilus written for their own internally distributed newspaper/magazine The Nautilus Express. The letters were written during the crossing of the North Pole and are the best rsthand accounts we have of the thoughts and feelings of the crew as they completed this historic achievement. They have been edited only to correct typos and one letter was redacted for classied information. Operation Sunshine Arctic Facts Nautilus was equipped with a closed television network with the camera pointing up for observing ice. Nautilus traveled 1,830 miles in 96 hours from Point Barrow, Alaska to the A tlantic Ocean. Nautilus was equipped with 10 separate sound devices for detecting ice above and three for measuring the distance to the ocean floor below. Nautilus traveled 1,383 miles under ice in three separate trips totaling 5.5 days. Nautilus was equipped with four types of direction-finding devices. Nautilus had traveled 129,000 miles on nuclear power. Nautilus was equipped with automatic control gear for holding her exactly on course and at depth. Nautilus traveled within 30 miles of the so called Pole of Inaccessibility, the geographic center of the Arctic ice pack. Nautilus operations in 1957, the most total mileage for a U.S. submarine under ice was 50 miles by USS Redfish (SS 395) in 1952. Nautilus was the first combatant ship with an inertial navigational system. made submerged.The Ohio State University, Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center Archival Program, Sir George Hubert Wilkins Papers 12 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 13

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In our data-infused world, we try to measure each aspect of our crews performance. Whether its training and qualification progress measured against the expected glideslope or the trends in continuing training examination scores, we are constantly looking for an accurate method to gauge and predict operational performance. There is a historic lever the Navy has provided us that is often overlooked but, if used correctly, will improve long-term crew performance and enhance a crews cohesion. By looking at both your leave balance and crew lost-leave days, you can gauge your teams health and rather easily affect positive change.Leave is the new sleepBefore we address leave, we should begin by looking at the evolution in our cultural acceptance of sleep. It used to be that we would brag about how much sleep we didnt get. We saw the person who could perform with little to no sleep as a hard worker and dedicated. Now we know that dedicated, hard-working Sailors prepare themselves by being properly rested and that leadership requires a priority to be placed on crew circadian rhythm and proper rest. Sleep as a weapon is popularly quoted, and sleep is now scrutinized on ride reports and something we discuss in most of our operational plans. In a relatively short amount of time, the Submarine Force has fully embraced the concept that sleep deprivation leads to poor individual performance and crew-rest planning is a vital part of our operations. Today, similar to the old view of sleep, when the leading yeoman posts the leave report on the bulkhead (or emails it out), some people who have a high leave balance remark at their dedication to the Navy or how invaluable they are to the team. If this was a sleep log being posted, we would hold a critique if a watch section had gone 24 hours without sleep. So why is it that there is no reaction to a Sailor who has more than 60 days of leave on the books and hasnt rested from the ship in over two years? Maybe we justify Sailors losing leave by casually believing that manning shortfalls and/ or a perceived, high operational tempo (OPTEMPO) prevents us from executing a successful leave plan. What if, like sleep, we are treating this all wrong and that high leave balances indicate that our team isnt ready? Unlike sleep, leave is directly measurable and predictable. Contrary to our culture, high leave balances on a Leave and Earning Statement do not indicate positive value to the organization. What it may represent is a lack of planning or training in your organization and a poorly prepared operational team. If we have a people-centered focus, where does leave fit in to our priorities? If we were to recognize a direct correlation between high leave balances and crew performance, would we allow one Sailor, or even ourselves, to lose leave? In the same vein that a command would seriously consider removing a tired Sailor from watch, commands should work to critically understand why their crew members are not afforded the opportunity to take leave or have simply not taken leave. We could ask ourselves the following questions. to meet the watchbills need? Is leave a liability or an asset?In addition to a well-rested crew, we all want an engaged, highly-trained crew that is working at the lowest level possible and operating at their peak performance. A well-exeAn Often Overlooked Metric and Leading Indicator in Your Crews Performance TEACHING SUBMARINE LEADERSHIP: by Cmdr. S cott McGinnis, U SNWhen the ship that is tired returneth, With the signs of the sea showing plain, Men place her in dock for a season, And her speed she reneweth again.6th Law of the Navy by Admiral R.A. Hopwood, RN (Retired) UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 15 14 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE

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tangible, possibly perceived as not valued, and may point to a commands values, we marginalize its loss. By not addressing lost leave, either consciously or unconsciously, we are not fulfilling our responsibility and unintentionally communicating how we value our people. Lets take a look at how a civilian organization sees time off. A typical business sees time off as a liability on their books that they must carry until it is liquidated. Leave, or in the civilian case, paid time off, is carried on the companys balance sheet as an expenditure, committed to prior to the employee taking the time off. It is viewed as a debt owed to their people. Our Navy supply reports do not reflect leave, nor should they, but the description of leave as a debt owed to our people is valuable to take away from this. Also, some credit unions have a requirement that all personnel must annually take five consecutive days off. This policy is in order to have a second pair of eyes reviewing each employees work. This has the secondary benefit of reducing internal fraud and has many potential parallels throughout a submarine.Leave supports the team, not the individualLastly, lets look at team dynamics. Just as sleep can be seen as a checking account of individual performance, leave can be viewed as the savings account for team performance. First, as discussed above, senior personnel are required to diligently train their reliefs in preparation for their leave execution. This engagement will inherently deepen the bench and provide a second view on most records. Second, individuals in a group, when they know they will have the opportunity to take leave, will gladly learn and perform the duties of other Sailors in their group (both the division and watch section). This crosstraining will broaden the bench. Third, watch sections will begin to encourage and rigorously support qualifications of junior personnel so that each watch section supports an executable leave plan. Peer-topeer motivation is much stronger than top down motivation in improving shipboard qualifications. Finally, during leave people typically follow their passions, whether its spending time with their families, woodworking, surfing, or something else. Many studies clearly show that, when individuals are given time to achieve their own dreams, their creativity increases, work performance increases, and job satisfaction improves. Of course, as is true with sleep, the command team must lead by example by responsibly taking leave. As we know, a commanding officer and COBs actions are their most powerful words.ConclusionTheres not much new under the sun regarding leave, but our views on it should evolve. By taking a few minutes to review your leave balances and your teams lost leave, you may see a correlation with good or poor performance. Like any other issue aboard, spend the time to understand the root causes. While it may not be directly apparent that lost leave is affecting your team, it may be a leading indicator that your teams performance isnt where it should be, or could be. At a minimum, you should pursue your teams leave balances as you would any Sailors pay issue. In doing so, you may end up seeing unexpected bumps in performance, cohesion, and retention. cuted leave plan could be one of the most important aspects of achieving these goals. Lost leave or high leave balances could indicate a shallow bench, clearly indicate misplaced priorities, and could eventually lead to poor crew morale and crew family issues, which will manifest themselves at the worst possible times. While there are times that our operations and our manning do not support Sailors taking their earned 30 days of leave, this generally is not the case. If we are honest with ourselves, leave may fall in to the category that sleep used to something perceived as extra and only needed by the weak. Although it is earned as part of a Sailors compensation package and we know that Sailors typically return from leave energized, taking leave is seen in some commands as abandoning ones watch and a lack of dedication to the mission. The culture in these cases simply does not support taking leave. Some may see leave as a liability to crew performance because this or that key player is not present, whether in port or at sea. While seemingly logical, this philosophy doesnt look deep enough. If we encourage and require our teams to take leave, they then have a motivation to train their relief. During the time that a key player is on leave, the junior person receives an invaluable training experience. Admittedly, there could possibly be things that get dropped, but the benefit in overall team training and personnel growth outweighs this potential negative. If used properly, leave is an asset that intrinsically motivates Sailors and allows opportunities for personal and professional growth.The submarine is too often at sea to allow leaveSkeptics will say that during a year of submarine deployments, it would be impossible to achieve 100 percent leave execution. However, deployments provide an excellent example of how to plan and execute a successful leave plan. First, crew leave is high on the priority list during the post-deployment leave period. Almost all Sailors are afforded the opportunity to take two weeks of leave, and this is typically only possible due to the fact that the crew is at the peak of qualification level. Second, commands typically execute an augment plan throughout the deployment. By placing 10 or so Sailors ashore for part of the deployment, you are ensuring that they are attending the correct schools and executing leave. Third, because the crew understands that they will be enjoying leave at the end of deployment, they work diligently to ensure that each Sailor is qualified and ready to stand the watch to support the impending stand down plan. The deployment provides a structure that gives a goal and ample time to achieve this goal. However, the six months prior to deployments are frequently high-OPTEMPO periods marked by inspections and certifications. Looked at one way, this is the worst time to place Sailors on leave. Looked at another way, frequent Brief Stop for Personnel (BSPs) and a plethora of available shipyard Sailors needing submarine rides make this time a rich opportunity to rotate Sailors ashore. Unfortunately, commands sometimes have a standing Noahs Ark approach to crew underway planning, meaning everyone in the crew is underway for all underways. While this method is seemingly a way to maximize crew training, it may not provide the solution that our complex manpower management requires. Maintaining the entire crew aboard reduces rack space, increases hotel loads, and doesnt allow junior Sailors the opportunity to step up when their supervisor isnt present. By placing five to ten Sailors ashore for each underway, you could intentionally make room for multiple riders from shipyard crews. This would maintain the manpower you need aboard while building backup crewmembers to support future personnel contingencies. This habit will provide you a deeper bench than even the most well qualified, postdeployment crews while simultaneously affording the opportunity for leave. Although some may say that its easier for a submarine in a long shipyard availability to achieve 100% leave execution, it is probably more difficult in most circumstances for a submarine in the shipyard. If leave is not prioritized, the command could justify high leave balances due to the seemingly unsurmountable challenge of balancing ride time, schools, watchbill, and leave. However, by seeking out other manpower pools that can support your watchbill, all four can be achieved. In fact, it is probably more important for submarines in extended availabilities to properly execute leave for crew morale and retention.Leave as a responsibilityBeyond the rational, positive impacts leave has on a crew, we should also highlight that affording leave to a crew is a commands responsibility. By Navy regulation (Chapter 11, Section 5, Article 1157) and MILPERSMAN 1050-010, leave is a Sailors legal right; in other words, its part of the Sailors compensation package. Just as we understand that we must ensure that our people receive their proper pay, we are also required to afford them the opportunity to take leave. However, we often allow Sailors to lose leave, incorrectly justifying it by saying we have lost many days of leave ourselves, or thats what is required to get the job done. These, of course, are poor excuses and only demonstrate our true priorities. Additionally, by accepting high leave balances, we are pushing our responsibility onto a Sailors next command to rectify. We clearly understand our responsibility in the case of pay issues. If a Sailor had not been paid for a month, we would put forward a full court press to understand why and how to rectify the pay issue. Why then do we fall short when it comes to lost leave? A possible explanation is that when our Sailors do not get paid, it typically reflects an error of an outside organization, so we are eager to rectify this error. When a Sailor loses leave, it could reflect a command cultural issue and internal retrospection is more difficult. Because leave is not Recommendations Use this as a way to engage Sailors and understand the personal side of your workforce. Monthly leave plans should include a leave loss mitigation plan. 1050-010 on your leadership training plan. leave policies are in keeping with the Navys policies. later than 30 days prior to the crew members report date. their absence is planned for with proper standbys. of the benets discussed above regarding the actual taking of leave. fantastic way to grow your people and demonstrate trust. cost to each Sailor who wants to y home by not approving a leave plan early. Try to understand why. servist cultural assessments. approval or denial. personnel who do not take leave should be those who may have augmented or who do not have the leave to take (this is exceptionally rare). 16 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 17

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by Cmdr. C ameron A ljilani, OP NA V N 97 N97 Interviews Film Director David A yer HOLLYWOOD SUBMARINER SURFACES INA 2015 Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., Ratpac-Dune Entertainment LLC and Ratpac Entertainment, LLC 18 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 19 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 19

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CA: After boot camp, did you go straight to Groton, Connecticut? DA: No. I stayed in Great Lakes for Basic Electricity and Electronics (BEE) school. I learned about troubleshooting electronic components. It was cold; Ill never forget that wind coming off the Great Lakes. It was a tough school but interesting. It was a self-paced course with all these milestones and then the final. I was living in the Gunners Mate barracks. There were no Submariners there. We were the lone wolves trapped amongst the skimmers. CA: You finished BEE and then you made your way to Groton? DA: Yeah. I loved Sub School because finally you saw submarines. Finally, you can smell the water, you can smell the amine. Id go down to the waterfront and look at the boats and there was that sense of mystery. Whats going on here? Where are those guys going? You could hear all the rumors. This was the height of the Cold War and anti-submarine warfare (ASW). There was this great game out there. I just wanted to get in the game. CA: You were motivated just from being in that environment? DA: Oh, yeah. I was Honor Man in Sub School. I studied all the time, and thats the irony. A guy that was basically failing high school, and then I discovered the Navy educational pipeline, how to study, and how to focus. I had a great relationship with my instructors and, at that time, I was very career-focused a diggit. CA: Whats your favorite memory from Sub School? DA: I was a phone talker when we were doing the damage control trainer, the engine room trainers that flood. I think it was February, and it was ungodly cold. I was supposed to be talking to DCC (Damage Control Central) on the sound-powered phones, and the staff waited until I was right in front of that crack on the pump before they hit me with a wall of water, and they videotaped it for laughs. I just remember that cold water hitting me, and then later they played the tape to the class, and you couldnt understand a word I was saying, just screaming in gibberish. That was just training. Then you realize youre going into a very dangerous environment and have to be on your game. People are depending on you to be on your toes. If youre the phone talker and you cant relay reports, people can die. The other great experience was in the Fire Fighter Trainer. They lit an oil fire and we were wearing OBAs (Oxygen Breathing Aparatus). It was pitch black; you couldnt see anything. I was down below as the first man on the hose team; you get right in there. There was a barely visible glow in a sea of black smoke, and thats when I realized that this is serious, this is for keeps. Thats when I really understood the double volunteer concept for submarine service; youre volunteering for something above and beyond any kind of regular Navy enlistment. I came out of there with a real respect for what Id gotten myself into. CA: Thats what most people dont understand. The Sailors keeping the ship safe are 18, 19, 20 years old. Thats why the qualification training program is so important. When youre underway on a submarine, theres a discussion about who the enemy is DA: Its the ocean. CA: The ocean, exactly. DA: The reactor can be bad too sometimes. Depends on your boat. CA: The ocean is your constant enemy, and thats what is hard to get people to understand. Im so glad you have appreciation for that. After you finished Sub School where did you go next? DA: Sub School, then to the Fleet ASW Base in San Diego to do SONAR training. I loved finally getting into SONAR. You think youre learning so much, but then when you get to the fleet its like, No, thats just basic, so basic, what youre learning. Learning the BQQ-5 SONAR system was a slog. We got a lot of training, but then when you get to the fleet youre still just a nub. CA: Can you still do an Ekelund range? DA: I could probably bust out some TMA (Target Motion Analysis). Give me a 30-degree fast pass, left, right, I might be able to get it. CA: When I drive a car, especially in L.A., Im always thinking about range rate. Whats the range rate to the car in front of me? DA: I used to do that all the time. CA: Opening is okay; closing is not good. DA: CPA (Closest Point of Approach), here we go, right there mark. It really bleeds into how you see the world. Its incredible how transformative it is. Its funny, when you meet a Submariner, when I run into someone who served on submarines, I find I have more in common with that person than anyone else in my life because theres something profound about being on a submarine that you can only understand by living it. Its incredible. CA: Absolutely. Lets talk about when you got to USS Haddo (SSN 604). When you showed up, was SONAR division welcoming to you? What was your experience when you reported aboard? DA: They were shorthanded. They needed people, and youre the mystery package when you show up to the boat. They dont know who you are, and it took me a while to understand their trust and interdependence and the workload of being on a submarine. When a new guy shows up, they wonder if hes going to be squared away. It was immediately overwhelming and partly disorienting. My first underway was just a weekly op, and I think we were out for seven or eight days. I was in the Pacific on a 594class submarine. CA: Vice Adm. Merz (OPNAV N9) was a division officer on Haddo when you were aboard. He recalls his experience, Dont all boats catch fire? Isnt there a fire every day? DA: Every week or so, yeah. It was an older boat. We had weapons handling gear off the Thresher. It was a very demanding boat, which required a lot of work. I was thrown into this group and I could see there was such cohesion and familiarity; its this huge family and Im the stranger showing up. It took a long time to earn my way into that family, and I wasnt ready for the qualification process. Even though I excelled in my training pipeline, I wasnt ready for the practical nature of the qualification process. It was really difficult until I got into a groove on quals. Then I excelled and went overboard. I spent a lot of time in the engine room and learned as much as I could. SONAR qualification was pretty ruthless as well. For SONAR, you had to be able to stand outside the boat and describe the path sounds take from the SONAR sphere through the entire system as its converted into an electronic signal; through each cabinet, each cable until it reaches the display in SONAR. Its really heavy duty and it seemed like overkill, but then when youre doing the bread and butter of submarining, which is like special operations, being forward-deployed and getting out there, it all sort of comes together and makes sense. CA: You said you spent a lot of time in the engine room. Was there a coner/nuke rivalry? DA: Absolutely, and I think it just comes from the nature of Navy nuclear power and the Navy nuclear power culture; its brutal. Youre a forward guy and you pull into port and say, Okay, lets shut down SONAR, hit the brow, bye! and those guys, if the reactor is critical, theyve got to be back there working. It takes forever to shut down. The consequences of nuclear power and the cultures go all the way back to Adm. Rickover, but I was weirdly envious of that because its like another family within the boat and it was so intense. I became kind of like an honorary nuke because I just got super heavy on engineering. For me, this submarine became almost like a living organism. I understood how all the systems interconnected and how everything worked together. I really enjoyed boat qualification. Once I got into that rhythm, I just spent a lot of time on the boat. When I was off duty, Id work and study, going through the manuals just memorizing and drawing things. I really enjoyed it and tried to learn about the other watches and what everybody did aboard. CA: Then you got to your final ships qualification board. Do you remember your board? DA: It was brutal because they knew how hard I had worked; there was no mercy. The Engineering Department Master Chief (EDMC) was on the panel. I remember I was so nervous, and I got one or two look ups, I think they were small, easy things. All the hard stuff I knew, and I was really proud to get my board before we pulled in. We pulled into the P.I. (Philippine Islands) and I got my fish on the pier. We mustered the crew for quarters. It was right around the time of the submarine ball, and the crew was in whites. The old man pinned my fish on. It was just an incredible moment. I knew I had earned something that my grandfather had 20 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 21

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earned, that insignia. Those were the most amazing days of my life. CA: Did you celebrate that night? DA: I had duty. CA: Of course. What was your opinion of the officers aboard? You were a writer for the movie U-571 and there is a moment when Matthew McConaughey breaks down and the chief smacks him around and tells him to pull himself together. Was that inspired by anything in particular? DA: I think its that classic thing of coffee and chiefs run the Navy, and in so many ways the chiefs really are the keepers of the culture. We were more scared of our chiefs than we were of the officers. The officers were cool, except for the XO, but the chiefs, they kept the machine going. CA: How have your experiences in the Submarine Force translated into your film work? DA: Im in a leadership position, and the things I learned in the military I absolutely apply to what I do now. Its funny, a good friend of mine is a retired submarine officer and Id asked him for advice going into directing a film, a big film at the time, and, How do I do this, how do I lead this crew? He said, Look, the skipper is the crew. If youre efficient, the crew will be efficient; if youre angry, the crew will be angry; if youre calm, the crew will be calm. They are you; they take their cues from you. Its so simple and so profound, and I saw it in the fleet. We had an amazing skipper, Cmdr. Larson. He was very calm but didnt hold back the Bravo Zulus. When the old man would kind of pat you on the back you lived for those moments. It was amazing. CA: I noticed in some of your movies, you thank the United States Submarine Force in the credits. I noticed it with Fury and Suicide Squad. DA: Yeah. I pretty much throw that in all of my movies, whether it ends up in there, I dont know, but its funny because one endeavor that is a lot like submarining is the film set. You have a crew broken down into departments, broken down into individual functions, and its highly technical. Film making technology is state of the art. Its a situation where its all logistics-driven, very high stakes, and all these people do a lot of standing around. Were standing around and chatting and it gets very boring, but then when its go time, its like clockwork and everybody is professional. They do their job, they go in and they nail it, and so youre waiting an hour for a two-minute or 15-second moment where all these mechanisms and people have to function perfectly. For me, its a direct translation, being calm under pressure. I experienced real casualties on the boat. When youre forwarddeployed and youre doing what youre supposed to be doing as a Submariner, youre the tip of the spear and you feel the weight of what youre doing; you feel the responsibility. I was the battle stations passive broadband operator. I was the primary sensor for this vessel of 135 people, and thats a lot of responsibility. Thats something you take with you; it will never leave you. CA: Once you finished your time, what were some of your first jobs coming out of the Navy? DA: Electrician, no brainer. I was really good at troubleshooting. Id worked construction prior to the Navy, so I fell back into that. It was tough to transition because I think when youre in the service, its such a disciplined environment: youre going to dress like this, youre going to show up at this time, and youre going to do what you need to do, and then some chief is going to tell you, Get your hands out of your pockets. At the time it could seem oppressive, but then you get into the civilian world, nobody cares about each other; nobody cares what you do. Nobody gives you that purpose, you dont have that sense of mission, you dont have that crew, you dont have that family, and you dont have that belonging. That was the most shocking thing for me. Thats what I really missed, that camaraderie, that closeness and achievement, and it took a long time for me to find that in the film industry. Its funny because we talked all the time about how great its going to be when we got out, and it wasnt like that, it was very disappointing. CA: Were you always motivated to be in the film industry because you grew up in Los Angeles, or was it something that you later decided that you could do? How did you get to where you are today? David Ayer and Margot Robbie Harley Quinn on the set of Suicide SquadDA: I had written some sea stories when I was an electrician. I was working on this guys house and he turned out to be a screen writer. I mentioned the stories, and he wanted to see them. He saw in them some talent for writing, and he inspired me to write my first script. It was awful, but there was something there. Putting that Navy discipline and focus to work, I was able to put in the hours sitting in a chair typing. I know so many people that want to become writers, but you just need to have the discipline to just write. CA: Are there any other skills from your submarine training that you take with you on the set? DA: Its funny because you get so much mechanical knowledge on submarines, its just like special effects and rigging. I understand how all that stuff works. You use a lot of hydraulic systems and electronic systems. Like in Suicide Squad, we were using this very advanced camera called a Phantom to shoot a rain sequence and the camera stopped working. The camera technicians there werent getting it going. We had the only Phantom camera in Canada, and we were calling around to get one flown out to us. I decided to take a look at it, and it was like troubleshooting 101. It was like any other piece of equipment on the boat. I isolated the problem, which turned out to be a bad connection to the power supply. I took it apart, adjusted it, and put it back together. The camera was working and we were filming again, and it only took a few minutes. The crew was standing there with their mouths open as the director was troubleshooting this piece of equipment. CA: Do you find that the tradesmen have a respect for you because of that? DA: Absolutely. Because I was in construction, because Im a hands-on guy, I have that experience and I know their jobs, I know what its like. You treat people with respect and I think a lot of directors or a lot of senior people in Hollywood can be a little bit aloof or autocratic. On the boat, you know your officers have gone through the same process; theyve qualified. Those officers were in a similar position when they showed up. Any qualified person, you know what theyve been through, whether its an officer or enlisted, even the old man at some point was a new junior officer on some platform. CA: Going back to the boat, what was it like to stand watch and be at sea on a submarine? DA: SONAR was hot. Wed strip off our poopie suits and we just stood there sweating; we would open up all the vents; it was brutal. When I first showed up and put on the headphones, all I heard was static, everything sounded like mush. Then, after a while, I could call out a lot of information about the ocean environment. My problem now is, if I hear any rotating machinery when Im trying to sleep, Im trying to do a turn count or Im trying to figure out what it is. If I hear any noise, electrical noise, rotating machinery, I cant sleep. Theres something magical about being underway and being isolated, and its that independence that I was talking about, the independence of submarine duty. I got to experience some incredible things. It was the classic experience of being able to see the world and foreign ports. I was fortunate to do some really cool things. CA: I want to push out your story because I think it connects with a lot of the guys who are joining the Navy today because they watch your movies. I cant think of a guy on a boat today that hasnt seen Suicide Squad, Fury, Bright, or any of your movies, so they can connect with you through that. What would you want to tell those Sailors? DA: Take advantage of what the Navy has to offer. If you can get college credits, go for it, work hard. Everything you put into it, you will get back. Its tough, and there will be crisis moments, but you can talk to the chiefs. Find a mentor, find someone in a senior position, find that first class petty officer, find that chief that you can talk to and be honest with because everybodys gone through this stuff, everybodys had dark days, but everybodys also had great days. Just get education, get the credits, be the best at it. If youre there, be the best at it and I promise down the road youre going to look back at it as the best experience of your life, and youre going to miss it. Be the best person you can be in this situation so you can look back on it with pride. Its an honor to be in that community; its an honor to wear dolphins. Pride runs deep, and its real. You dont have that in the civilian world, you dont have that anywhere outside the military. Stay away from the negative guys, stay away from the negativity. Just be positive, work hard, and find the fun in it. Find those moments. CA: Thank you. Be the best person you can be in this situation so you can look back on it with pride. Its an honor to be in that community; its an honor to wear dolphins. Pride runs deep, and its real. You dont have that in the civilian world, you dont have that anywhere outside the military. 2015 Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., Ratpac-Dune Entertainment LLC and Ratpac Entertainment, LLC 2015 Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., Ratpac-Dune Entertainment LLC and Ratpac Entertainment, LLC UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 23 22 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE

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Sonar Technician (Submarine) 2nd Class Michael Mize, assigned to the Virginia-class fast-attack submarine USS Mississippi (SSN 782), hugs his loved one during a homecoming ceremony at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam following a six-month western Pacic deployment. Photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Michael H. Lee Welcome Home! Congratulations! You have done it. at nal monkey has just been dislodged from your back. What has felt like years of never-ending qualications, stress, and pressure is nally over. You are a qualied engineer. So now what? It is time to move beyond survival mode and use your remaining time on board wisely. You now have the opportunity to learn more about yourself, your job, and your people than at any previous point in your career. Here are a few recommendations:is is not a time to atrophy, but a time to get stronger. It is about stretching, failing, learning, and growing. e weight of qualications is o your shoulders, which means you can run faster than you ever have before. e day you walk o your ship you need to be ready to be a department head, regardless of your future plans. People frequently change their minds on a shore tour. Give yourself options. What do you have to lose? All your life it has been about your grades, your accomplishments, your class standing, your qualications, you, you, you. You are starting one of the biggest transitions of your career where life no longer revolves around you and your individual performance. In your next step, your individual performance will no longer be the key to your success. From now on, you will be judged on your teams performance. at, my future department heads, is a tough switch to ip. Lt. Cmdr. Kelington recently completed his tour with OPNAV N97 as the Columbia Class SSBN Requirements Ocer and has commenced the PXO pipeline. Check out his article at USNI.org titled, Check Your Ego at the Hatch, wherein he describes lessons learned om his department head tour. Read. Take a few books on your next underway. e CNOs Reading List or e Leadership Bookshelf from Adm. Stavridis are good starting points. Start with some submarine classics like Tuohys e Bravest Man or Andersons e Ice Diaries. Other top ics: inking Fast and Slow, Legacy, e Fleet at Flood Tide, Peak, or e Field Guide to Understanding Human Error. Take advantage of the Navys free e-library to load up your e-reader and consider subscribing to the U.S. Naval Institutes Proceedings. Journal. Capture leadership lessons in a professional journal. I am not talking about something you need to write in every day or something detailed enough to write a chapter in Fluckeys un der Below or a Tom Clancy novel. Im talking about experiences and lessons you may want to revisit and scars you will never want to forget. Pick your leaders brains. Talk to your leadership about how they make decisions. Aer a key event, allow an appropriate amount of time and ask them how they dealt with it. How did they cra the email to the commodore? How did they make the risk assessment for the watchbill? How did they generate guidance to achieve their desired eect? Learn how to handle bad news well. e way you handle bad news is a shaping moment for you as a leader. ose interactions play a large role in how transparent your Sailors are and how likely they are to approach you the next time. You can still have high standards for what and how information is presented, but keep any anger and frustration at bay. Dene and foster trust. Unpack the elements of trust: character and competency. It is no coincidence that the CNOs recently published Navy Leader Development Framework (Version 2.0) focuses on developing both. Your job as a leader is to build both of these in yourself, your fellow ocers, and your Sailors. Learn the department heads jobs. Start with the one you know the least about. Maybe you have been stuck as #CRA4LIFE. Go spend time in Radio during comms, qualify to assist in a weapons load, audit a program, or volunteer to plan the next major event. Get uncomfortable. Print out a Command ual card. It will continue to keep you challenged by looking for opportunities to learn, and frankly, your interest will likely motivate the department heads to get moving on their own command quals. Become an expert. Expert in what? you might ask people. Learn how to read people, particularly how to spot their talents and weaknesses. Learn to ask the right questions. It will be your job to help balance the team. Lead more training. Challenge yourself to learn to teach eectively. Struggle with how to keep your Sailors engaged and assist the department heads in determining if what you presented actu ally stuck in the Sailors brains. Take the time to go see the broken widget. ere is so much pride that goes into successful troubleshooting. When the fried card, bust ed O-ring, or worn out valve stem nally makes its way into the light, take the time to go see it. You will learn more about the components/ system involved, and the Sailors want to share their successes. Peer leadership. Help shape the wardroom you want by training and mentoring junior ocers. Build camaraderie, assist in writing watchbills, and coordinate team-building events. Humility. Embrace and learn the power of humility. In this line of work, we live and die by feedback. Be humble enough to learn from your mistakes. We expect this from our people, and we lose credibility if we cannot do it ourselves. Being unresponsive to feedback is a slippery slope to failure. Life After PNEOBy Lt. Cmdr. Luke Kelvington NSSC FC P OA W orks with H abitat for H umanity R estoreFirst Class Petty ofcer Asso ciation (FCPOA) members par ticipated in a community service event with Habitat for Humanity Restore, April 24. Its a great feeling to vol unteer, said Religious Program Specialist 1st Class, John Dil lard. We are making a differ ence by joining forces with the local community. NSSC Sailors spent the day volunteering their time stocking and organizing shelves and load ing and unloading trucks. NSSC FCPOA gives us this opportunity to help the local community while we learn about community outreach, said Dil lard. Its for a good cause to help those that are less fortu nate. We appreciate all the help the military gives us, said Store Manager Kim Frenkel. Its really nice to have extra hands, strong individuals that can lift and load and unload trucks because its a lot of work.Navy A djusts Incoming FDNF Sailors FirstT erm Sea Duty T our LengthsTo improve readiness and reduce turnover of Forward Deployed Naval Force (FDNF) sea duty units, the Navy announced May 1 in NAVADMIN 107/18 that effective immediately, incoming rst-term enlisted Sailors assigned to sea duty billets in Japan, Guam, and Spain will be assigned to longer tour lengths. Prescribed Sea Tours (PST) for rst-term Sailors assigned to FDNF sea duty billets will be up to a maximum of 48 months accompanied by dependents and 48 months unaccompanied. If a Sailors dependents are not given command sponsorship, a maximum of 24 months unaccompanied orders will be issued. This change only applies to rst-term Sailors on their way to their rst sea duty tour in Japan, Guam, and Spain and does not apply to assignments listed in exhibit one of MILPERSMAN 1300-308. First-term FDNF Sailors currently assigned to a sea duty tour in Japan, Guam, or Spain and Sailors on their second or subsequent FDNF sea duty tour are encouraged to take advantage of the incentives offered to extend their tours, as outlined in NAVADMIN 042/18. First-term Sailors with orders issued on or after May 1, 2018 will not be eligible for incentives listed in NAVADMIN 042/18 but will have any remaining PST obligation from their rst sea duty tour waived. Sailors will only become eligible for the Overseas Tour Extension Incentive Program if they extend after completion of their assigned 48-month tour.Guam Submariners Join Sister Village to Honor Saint JosephSailors and families assigned to Commander, Submarine Squadron (COMSUBRON) 15 and Performance Monitoring Team detachment (PMT det) Guam joined their sister village of Inarajan to celebrate Saint Joseph, or San Jose, and the coconut during a festival celebration, May 5 and 6. The theme for the 2018 San Jose Festival was Revisiting Our Culture, Revitalizing Our Faith. The weekends events included a reenactment of the arrival of San Jose in Inarajan Bay, mass, cultural games, vendors, the crowning of the coconut queen and a parade throughout the village. According to Father Joseph Enore, parochial administrator for St. Josephs Church in Inarajan, the statue of San Jose used during the re-enactment ceremony is the original, which is more than 300 years old. COMSUBRON 15 and PMT det Guam Sailors assisted in transporting the statue from Inarajan Bay to the Saint Josephs Church on Saturday. Parade floats were decorated to celebrate the theme and included wooden carvings, weavings, grilled fish and a smoked pig, and local fruits, especially coconuts. The COMSUBRON 15 submarine float participated in the parade and was full of family members waving flags and handing out candy. Sailors from COMSUBRON 15 and PMT det Guam participate in community relation (COMREL) events throughout the year, and volunteers from COMSUBRON 15 and PMT det Guam participated in events supporting the San Isidro festival and parade in Malojloj, which is part of Inarajan, on May 20. Photo by Mass Communications Specialist 1st Class Jamica Johnson S ailo rsFirst 24 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 25

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UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 27 Changes of CommandCOMSUBRON 12 Capt. David Youtt relieved Capt. Oliver Lewis Regional Support Group, New London Capt. William Solomon relieved Capt. Gerhard Somlai USS Alabama (SSBN 731) (G) Cmdr. William Flip relieved Cmdr. Matthew Chapman USS Annapolis (SSN 760) Cmdr. John C. Witte relieved Cmdr. Kurt D. Balagna USS Asheville (SSN 758) Cmdr. Jeremy Pelstring relieved Capt. Paul Pampuro USS Georgia (SSGN 729) (B) Capt. Lou Springer relieved Capt. George Perez USS Helena (SSN 725) Cmdr. Andy Cain relieved Cmdr. Jason Pittman USS Jacksonville (SSN 699) Cmdr. David Vehon relieved Cmdr. Steven Faulk USS Jefferson City (SSN 759) Cmdr. Steven Dawley relieved Cmdr. Kevin Moller USS Maine (SSBN 741) (Gr) Cmdr. Michael Tomon relieved Cmdr. Kelly Laing USS Minnesota (SSN 783) Cmdr. Dan Flaherty relieved Cmdr. Brian Tanaka USS Mississippi (SSN 782) Cmdr. Heath Johnmeyer relieved Cmdr. Eric Rozek USS New Mexico (SSN 779) Cmdr. Jim Morrow relieved Cmdr. Dan Reiss USS Ohio (SSGN 726) (B) Capt. Andrew Kimsey relieved Capt. David Soldow USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) (G) Cmdr. Roger Ferguson relieved Cmdr. Andrew Clark USS Santa Fe (SSN 763) Cmdr. Christopher Hedrick relieved Cmdr. Jacob A. ForetQualified for CommandLt. Keith Bierman USS Alabama (SSBN 731) (G) Lt. Daniel Burke USS Alexandria (SSN 757) Lt. Derek Burney USS James Warner (SSN 785) Lt. Nicholas Clendenning USS Maine (SSBN 741) (B) Lt. Cmdr. Russell Cook COMSUBRON 17 Lt. Paul Danos USS Jacksonville (SSN 699) Lt. Cmdr. Anthony Devoto NSTC, Pearl Harbor Lt. Chase Dillard USS Georgia (SSGN 729) (G) Lt. Christopher Dolan USS Key West (SSN 722) Lt. Michael Gillette USS New Mexico (SSN 779) Lt. Daniel Goodwin USS Connecticut (SSN 22) Lt. Cmdr. Karl Hassenfratz Naval Submarine School, Groton Lt. Kyle Haubold USS Kentucky (SSBN 737) (G) Lt. John Hayashi USS Connecticut (SSN 22) Lt. Christopher Jack USS Key West (SSN 722) Lt. Cmdr. Robert Johnson USS New Mexico (SSN 779) Lt. Benjamin Jones PEP London, UK Lt. Cmdr. Vincent Kahnke COMSUBLANT Lt. Cmdr. Henry Kennedy Naval Submarine School, Groton Lt. Eric Lardizabal USS Olympia (SSN 717) Lt. Cmdr. Timothy Marshall U.S. Fleet Forces Command, NPEB Lt. Cmdr. Joshua Merdes USS John Warner (SSN 785) Lt. William Richardson USS Nebraska (SSBN 739) (B) Lt. Christopher Romnek USS Ohio (SSGN 726) (B) Lt. Cmdr. Jeffrey Schwamb PEP Portsmouth, UK Lt. Cmdr. Christian Smith OPNAV Lt. James Stebbins USS Olympia (SSN 717) Lt. Judson Thomas USS Key West (SSN 722) Lt. Jeffrey Vandenengel USS Alexandria (SSN 757) Lt. Christopher Wilber USS Ohio (SSGN 726) (B)Qualified in SubmarinesLt. j.g. Curtis Allen USS Cheyenne (SSN 773) Lt. j.g. David Azhocar USS Maryland (SSBN 738) (B) Lt. j.g. David Bohannon USS New Hampshire (SSN 778) Lt. j.g. Richard Bradley USS Colorado (SSN 788) Lt. j.g. Jack Brault USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) (B) Lt. j.g. Joseph Brochu USS Charlotte (SSN 766) Lt. j.g. Michael Brun USS Kentucky (SSBN 737) (G) Lt. j.g. Thomas Buckley USS Tennessee (SSBN 734) (B) Lt. j.g. Joseph Carbone USS Alexandria (SSN 757) Lt. j.g. James Delosreyes USS New Hampshire (SSN 778) Lt. j.g. Andrew Felton USS Tennessee (SSBN 734) (B) Lt. j.g. Brian Foley USS Providence (SSN 719) Lt. j.g. Ethan Foster USS Maine (SSBN 741) (G) UNDERSEA WARFARE Magazine has created this new section in recognition of the enlisted Submarinerbut we want you to get involved in the success of this effort. We would like you to send us Community Outreach, or Liberty photos, and/or Homecoming photos of families being re-united as the crews return. Send your submissions to the Military Editor via email to: underseawarfare@hotmail.com 26 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE Navy Approves More T uition A ssistance Semester Hours, Raises Funding CapThe Navy announced changes to the Tuition Assistance (TA) program May 21 in NAVADMIN 127/18, lifting the fiscal-year limit of 16 semester hours (or equivalent) and allowing Sailors to use TA up to the Department of Defenses (DOD) fiscal-year funding cap of $4,500 effective June 1, 2018. These changes are designed to expand Sailors professional development opportunities, enhance degree completion, and support Sailor 2025 initiatives to retain the best and brightest talent. TA will continue to be paid up to the current DOD limits of $250 per semester hour, $166.67 per quarter hour, or $16.67 per clock hour. Tuition exceeding these limits, in addition to fees, books, and instructional materials, will continue to be the Sailors responsibility. Education counselors at the Navy College Virtual Education Center (NCVEC) and overseas Navy College Offices are available to discuss Sailors goals and to help maximize their TA benefits. The requirement that Sailors attain a C or better for undergraduate courses and a B or better for graduate courses remains in effect. Reimbursement will be required from those not attaining these grades. Sailors who have already reached the former fiscal-year limit and have paid for courses using other benefits or their own funds are not eligible for any type of refund or retroactive payment. They may, however, have additional courses funded up to the new funding cap. Sailors are encouraged to review their education plans to take full advantage of this expanded TA authority as well as other opportunities to earn college credit, such as College Level Exam Program (CLEP) and DSST exams offered through the Defense Activity for Non-Traditional Education Services (DANTES), which can further stretch their TA dollars. For more information on TA, read NAVADMIN 127/18 at http:// www.npc.navy.mil. Navy T eam New London celebrates its global presence through local actionMore than 100 Sailors from Naval Submarine Base New London (SUBASE) and tenant commands (Navy Team New London) dedicated more than 500 hours of community service in support of environmental projects across Southeastern Connecticut parks and recreation centers during the bases 11th Annual Earth Day Challenge, April 16-27. The Navys theme for this years Earth Day challenge was, Global Reach, Local Action. The theme reminds Sailors, civilians, and family members that as a result of the Navys global presence, they have many opportunities to make positive changes for the environment in their communities not only on Earth Day, but throughout the year. Sailors from Navy Team New London responded by completing projects ranging from trail clearing to debris clean-up at local areas such as Sutton Park, Bluff Point State Park, Balfour Beatty Community Housing, Mystic Seaport, Greenwood Preserve, Coogan Farm, and the Shetucket River. The multi-day effort encompassing Earth Day, April 22, provided Sailors opportunities to not only make a difference in their local community, but to also discover areas in their surrounding community to which they can return to enjoy. Founded in 1970, Earth Day began as a national call to instill appreciation for the environment; today, Earth Day continues to raise awareness of the impact humanity has on natural resources and improve efforts for building sustainable resources. For the Navy, Earth Day isnt simply a one-day event, said Michael Brown, SUBASE Environmental Director. Our stewardship of the environment is a full-time, daily commitment, and we take pride in our contribution to protecting and caring for the ecosystems and communities in which we operate. SUBASE demonstrates this mentality every day and in everything we do, from participating in various volunteer events involving clean-up of our local environment to our day-to-day assurance that all our operations are conducted in an environmentally sound manner. Not just in April, but year around. For more information on community service events, contact your command volunteer coordinator or call the SUBASE Public Affairs Ofce at (860) 694-5980.Navy Releases Ofcial Physical Fitness Mobile AppThe Navy announced the release of its ofcial physical tness assessment (PFA) mobile application May 8. The app offers a PFA calculator function allowing Sailors to calculate their anticipated physical readiness test (PRT) score by inputting age, gender, and anticipated scores in the curl-up, push-up, and specic cardio categories. The app also has body composition assessment (BCA) information available to provide a quick reference for height-to-weight standards and maximum allowable body fat percentage. The app also includes demo videos for body composition, height and weight screening, and proper techniques for curl-ups and push-ups. Sailors can nd links to command tness leader (CFL) administrative duties and responsibilities, and links to PFA NAVADMINS. The free app was produced by the Navys PMW 240 with support from software developer Tracen Technologies Inc., a company that specializes in integrated mobile and Web solutions. The PFA app and all ofcial Navy mobile applications can be found in the Navy App Locker, www.applocker.navy.mil along with Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) apps for duty stations around the world. S ailo rsFirst Regional Support Group, Grotons new Commodore, Capt. William Solomon, (left) exchanges a salute with the commands previous Commodore, Capt. Gerhard Somlai as Commander, Submarine Forces Vice Adm. Joseph Tofalo oversees the orderly transfer of authority during the time-honored naval tradition of the change of command ceremony. The ceremony was held on at Naval Submarine Base, New Londons Naval Submarine Support Facility Weapons Compound. Photo by Chief Mass Communication Specialist(SW/AW) Steve OwsleyPhoto by Chief Mass Communication Specialist(SW/AW) Steve OwsleyPhoto by Lt. Daniel Monglove

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UNDERSEA WARFARE SUMMER 2018 29 Lt. j.g. Jacob Liebert USS Nevada (SSBN 733) (G) Lt. j.g. Andrew MacPherson USS Hampton (SSN 767) Lt. j.g. Ethan Madison USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) (G) Lt. Kevin Martin USS Alabama (SSBN 731) (G) Lt. David Materkowski USS Santa Fe (SSN 763) Lt. j.g.Caleb Mazzola USS Asheville (SSN 758) Lt. j.g. Christian McClure USS Tennessee (SSBN 734) (B) Lt. j.g. George McClymont USS Santa Fe (SSN 763) Lt. j.g. Dylan McCrea USS Michigan (SSGN 727) (G) Lt. j.g. Jeffrey Mitchell USS West Virginia (SSBN 736) (B) Lt. j.g. William Mitchell USS Boise (SSN 764) Lt. Gregory Morgan USS Tucson (SSN 770) Lt. j.g. Alexander Mychalowych USS West Virginia (SSBN 736) (B) Lt. j.g. Michael Naclerio USS Alaska (SSBN 732) (G) Lt. j.g. Timothy Nangeroni USS Ohio (SSGN 726) (B) Lt. j.g. Andrew Nesselroade USS Helena (SSN 725) Lt. Tyler Newland USS Hawaii (SSN 776) Lt. j.g. Christian Nicholson USS Pasadena (SSN 752) Lt. j.g. Daniel Ojard USS Washington (SSN 787) Lt. j.g. Robert Osborne USS Rhode Island (SSBN 740) (B) Lt. j.g. Matthew Padilla USS Kentucky (SSBN 737) (B) Lt. j.g. Nathanial Perisho USS Missouri (SSN 780) Lt. j.g. Anthony Pinto USS Albany (SSN 753) Lt. j.g. Zachary Powers USS Dallas (SSN 700) Lt. j.g. Joshua Prince USS New Hampshire (SSN 778) Lt. Benjamin Pyle USS Key West (SSN 722) Lt. j.g. Andrew Pytlinski USS Toledo (SSN 769) Lt. j.g. Michael Reid USS Jefferson City (SSN 759) Lt. Braden Reiner USS Columbus (SSN 762) Lt. j.g. David Remedios USS Maryland (SSBN 738) (B) Lt. j.g. Shane Roche USS Connecticut (SSN 22) Lt. j.g. William Rodin USS Jefferson City (SSN 759) Lt. Randy Rodriguez USS Maryland (SSBN 738) (G) Lt. Christopher Rogeness Commander, Amphibious Squadron 3 Lt. j.g. Thomas Rowland USS Alabama (SSBN 731) (G) Lt. Gerald Schrader USS Florida (SSGN 728) (G) Lt. j.g. Zachary Schuler USS Jacksonville (SSN 699) Lt. j.g. Alfonso Sciacchitano USS Pittsburgh (SSN 720) Lt. j.g. Todd Seamans USS Springfield (SSN 761) Lt. j.g. Benjamin Smith USS North Dakota (SSN 784) Lt. Samuel Smith USS Kentucky (SSBN 737) (B) Lt. j.g. Stephen Smitherman USS Rhode Island (SSBN 740) (B) Lt. Matthew Storm USS Louisville (SSN 724) Lt. Scott Surles USS Nebraska (SSBN 739) (G) Lt. j.g. Margaret Tarmann USS Texas (SSN 775) Lt. j.g. Andrew Taylor USS Key West (SSN 722) Lt. Benjamin Todd USS North Carolina (SSN 777) Lt. j.g. Matthew Valcourt USS Maine (SSBN 741) (B) Lt. j.g. James Vandenplas USS North Carolina (SSN 777) Lt. j.g. Brendan Walsh USS Georgia (SSGN 729) (G) Lt. j.g. Heather Willis USS Louisville (SSBN 743) (B) Lt. Brian Wirth USS Alabama (SSBN 731) (G) Lt. j.g. Brandt Zykan USS Florida (SSGN 728) (B)Qualified Engineering Department Master ChiefE TNC David Danby USS Cheyenne (SSN 773) E TNC Alexander Delisle USS Florida (SSGN 728) (B) E MNC Charles Delp USS Pittsburgh (SSN 720) M MNC Ryan Harrison NSSC Kings Bay OTH E TNC Jonathan Jones USS Jefferson City (SSN 759) M MNC Michael Ledestich USS Georgia (SSGN 729) (G) M MNC Joshua Leeds USS Texas (SSN 775) E TNC Kurtis Liberacki USS Alaska (SSBN 732) (B) M MNC Jicholas Northup USS Pittsburgh (SSN 720) M MNC Robert Schmitz USS New Mexico (SSN 779) Lt. j.g. Corey Gamage USS Tennessee (SSBN 734) (B) Lt. j.g. Brent Grenda USS New Mexico (SSN 779) Lt. j.g. Riley Hoffmann USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) (B) Lt. j.g. Duncan Howard USS Michigan (SSGN 727) (B) Lt. j.g. Drew Humphreys USS New Mexico (SSN 779) Lt. j.g. Matthew Kwasnik USS Seawolf (SSN 21) Lt. j.g. Matthew Lanoue USS Texas (SSN 775) Lt. j.g. Kelsey Lee USS Ohio (SSGN 726) (G) Lt. j.g. Samantha Lee USS Ohio (SSGN 726) (B) Lt. j.g. Hamzah Lodge USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) (B) Lt. j.g. Kyle Lynch USS Nebraska (SSBN 739) (B) Lt. j.g. Zachary Lynn USS Boise (SSN 764) Lt. j.g. Ronald Marciszyn USS Boise (SSN 764) Lt. j.g. Caleb Mazzola USS Asheville (SSN 758) Lt. j.g. Samuel McClay USS Alexandria (SSN 757) Lt. j.g. Patrick McDonald USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) (B) Lt. j.g. William Mitchell USS Boise (SSN 764) Lt. j.g. Timothy Moore USS Toledo (SSN 769) Lt. Scott Surles USS Nebraska (SSBN 739) (G) Lt. j.g. David Swanson USS Key West (SSN 722) Lt. j.g. Andrew Taylor USS Key West (SSN 722) Lt. j.g. Geoff Taylor USS Alabama (SSBN 731) (G) Lt. j.g. Brian Wells USS Providence (SSN 719)Qualified Nuclear Engineering OfficerLt. j.g. Brendon Ackermann USS Helena (SSN 725) Lt. j.g. Peter Addess USS Boise (SSN 764) Lt. j.g. Eric Alamillo USS Hampton (SSN 767) Lt. j.g. Gilesa Allison USS Mississippi (SSN 782) Lt. j.g. David Azhocar USS Maryland (SSBN 738) (B) Lt. j.g. Austin Baker USS Toledo (SSN 769) Lt. j.g. Erick Barajas USS Buffalo (SSN 715) Lt. j.g. Elliott Bardun USS West Virginia (SSBN 736) (G) Lt. j.g. Lee Becker USS Cheyenne (SSN 773) Lt. j.g. Mitchell Bell USS Olympia (SSN 717) Lt. j.g. Benjamin Berkey USS Hartford (SSN 768) Lt. j.g. Jeremy Bottomley USS North Carolina (SSN 777) Lt. j.g. Jeremy Brazel USS West Virginia (SSBN 736) (B) Lt. j.g. Kuran Bricker COMSUBRON 4 Lt. j.g. Joseph Brochu USS Charlotte (SSN 766) Lt. j.g. Daniel Brockman USS Columbus (SSN 762) Lt. j.g. Thomas Buckley USS Tennessee (SSBN 734) (B) Lt. Matthew Campbell USS Nebraska (SSBN 739) (G) Lt. j.g. Thomas Catalano USS Connecticut (SSN 22) Lt. j.g. William Chilton USS Greeneville (SSN 772) Lt. j.g. William Cox USS Missouri (SSN 780) Lt. j.g. Bradli Crump USS Ohio (SSGN 726) (B) Lt. j.g. Scott Cypher USS Rhode Island (SSBN 740) (B) Lt. j.g. Brian Davenport USS Jacksonville (SSN 699) Lt. Johnnie Deboe Naval Submarine School, Groton Lt. j.g. Nestor Diazordaz USS Florida (SSGN 728) (G) Lt. Matthew Disher U.S. Fourth Fleet Lt. Thomas Dowd USS Alexandria (SSN 757) Lt. j.g. Lance Dugger USS Nebraska (SSBN 739) (B) Lt. j.g. Nicholas Evans USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) (B) Lt. j.g. Andrew Felton USS Tennessee (SSBN 734) (B) Lt. Eric Filipowicz USS Scranton (SSN 756) Lt. Warren Fischer Trident Training Facility, Bangor Lt. Stephen Fitzpatrick USS Providence (SSN 719) Lt. j.g. Brian Foley USS Providence (SSN 719) Lt. Benjamin Francis USS Alaska (SSBN 732) (G) Lt. Chris Fussman USS Henry M. Jackson (SSBN 730) (B) Lt. Connor Gagliardi USS Santa Fe (SSN 763) Lt. Daniel Galginaitis USS Virginia (SSN 774) Lt. j.g. Corey Gamage USS Tennessee (SSBN 734) (B) Lt. j.g. Sean Garfola USS Nebraska (SSBN 739) (G) Lt. j.g. Gregory Gerlach USS Nebraska (SSBN 739) (G) Lt. j.g. James Gimbert USS Chicago (SSN 721) Lt. j.g. Kevin Grothe USS Michigan (SSGN 727) (G) Lt. j.g. Jon Hannell USS Washington (SSN 787) Lt. j.g. Brian Harrington USS Rhode Island (SSBN 740) (B) Lt. j.g. Kevin Heister USS Nebraska (SSBN 739) (G) Lt. j.g. William Herrin USS Buffalo (SSN 715) Lt. Colin Hilligas USS Santa Fe (SSN 763) Lt. Aaron Hoffman USS Topeka (SSN 754) Lt. j.g. Patrick Jacobson USS Kentucky (SSBN 737) (B) Ens. Vincent Kahnke COMSUBLANT Lt. j.g. Thomas Kasmer USS North Dakota (SSN 784) Lt. Cmdr. Henry Kennedy Naval Submarine School, Groton Lt. j.g. Ryan Keyes USS Oklahoma City (SSN 723) Lt. j.g. Louis Kjerstad USS Montpelier (SSN 765) Lt. j.g. Ryan Koller USS Toledo (SSN 769) Lt. j.g. Ryan Kommer USS Nevada (SSBN 733) (G) Lt. j.g. Jason Koncsol USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) (G) Lt. j.g. Ryan Lanham USS Illinois (SSN 786) Lt. j.g. Kelsey Lee USS Ohio (SSGN 726) (G) Lt. Macklen Lethin USS Jimmy Carter (SSN 23) 28 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE PCU Hyman Rickover Celebrates Construction MilestoneThe U.S. Navy held a keel laying ceremony for the Virginia-class submarine Pre-Commissioning Unit Hyman G. Rickover (SSN 795) at General Dynamics Electric Boat, May 11. The initials of the submarines sponsor, Darleen Greenert, were welded onto a steel plate that will be permanently affixed to the submarine. She is the wife of former Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert (retired). The submarine tender USS Emory S. Land (AS 39) successfully executed Operation AJAX demonstrating submarine replenishment capabilities during a scheduled port visit in Pearl Harbor with the Los Angeles-class fast-attack submarine USS Santa Fe (SSN 763), May 20. During Operation AJAX, Emory S. Land displayed a wide range of support capabilities involving the Santa Fe. The demonstrations included launching force-protection units in rigidhull inflatable boats, taking a submarine alongside, a medical resupply, weapons handling, and more. Upon completion of Operation AJAX and departure from Pearl Harbor, Emory S. Land is scheduled to undergo a mid-term availability for preservation and maintenance on the West Coast.Emory S. Land Demonstrates Sub Replenishment CapabilitiesPhoto by General Dynamics/Electric Boat

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30 SUMMER 2018 UNDERSEA WARFARE Commanding OfficerLarry J. Arbuckle Eric L. Astle Darrell W. Brown II David B. Burke Jonathan B. Cantor Trevor J. Conger Caleb T. Cramer Thomas T. Dixon Andrew L. Domina Robert L. Edmonson III Jess B. Feldon Joseph A. Fontenot James E. Fulks Preston W. Gilmore Jason N. Glab Sean P. Gray Ryan C. Heineman Kenneth C. Ingle Vincent A. Kahnke Erek A. Kasse Michael J. Kos David J. Latta Lacy N. Lodmell Adam M. Matthews Nevin A. Mcchesney Nicholas A. Meyers David A. Nichols John P. Nilles Carlos A. Otero Lewis J. Patterson Matthew M. Pianetta Joseph J. Pisoni Matthew B. Powell Jon B. Quimby Patrick E. Tembreull James G. Tuthill III Anthony M. WilsonCommanding Officer (Submarine Support)Patrick M. Alfonzo Bryan J. Christiansen David M. Crescitelli Lance M. Denham Darren D. Gerhardt Jacob D. Hurt Robert D. Lane Brian M. Rhoades Paul L. Rouleau Samuel M. Scovill John M. Thorpe Robert A. WallsExecutive OfficerJafar A. Ali Matthew T. Allen Christopher N. Andrews Anthony S. Ardito Colby T. Bacon Carl W. Barlow III Geoffrey S. Biegel Matthew R. Braden Mathew Bridwell Owen E. Brooks III Daniel E. Burke Jr Derek A. Burney Patrick C. Cashin Erik P. Chamberlain Kurtis R. Daniels Paul M. Danos Christopher R. Dolan Timothy D. Erickson Jeffrey D. Feldmann Christopher N. Foss Sean A. Genis George A. Ekon Michael J. Gillette John W. Gilligan Daniel W. Goodwin Ryan M. Grundt Roger A. Hart Kyle T. Haubold John T. Hayashi Collin R. Hedges Andrew C. Hill Joshua D. Hricik Carlos M. Iguina Christopher R. Jack Damiean M. Johnson Brian C. Juskiewicz Nicholas J. Keech Christopher M. Kitt Andrew J. Lawrence Timothy S. Marshall Thomas E. Miller Garold I. Munson Mark J. Murphy William P. Murphy Jeremy T. Nauta Daniel T. Olson Kevin P. Omalley Adam R. Parkinson Russell G. Pav Robert W. Perris Timothy D. Ponshock Michael J. Price William A. Richardson Alex Rinaldi Alexander M. Sayers John H. Seebode Matthew L. Snyder James P. Stebbins Eric A. Stinson Erik B. Sunday David K. Taweel Judson J. C. Thomas Jeffrey E. Vandenengel Nicholas F. Vilardi Christopher R. WilberExecutive Officer (Submarine Support)Christopher T. Abplanalp Richard A. Ali John D. Carter Amando S. Cope Jr. Anthony K. Devoto Michael W. Fritts Jason A. Goeller Michael J. Humara Farrokh K. Kapadia Eric Le Lardizabal Joshua Ludwig Jonathan R. Martin Brian D. Maxfield Joshua W. Merdes Benjamin O. Miller Gregory A. Mischler Jason D. Paradis Andrew Regalado Jason L. Rogers Timothy S. Smith Derek A. Sutton Matthew I. Tennis Richard J. Terrio Damon Y. Turner Dustin L. WhiteDepartment HeadAdam K. Albrecht Antonio N. Amaya Jared C. Anongos Daniel B. Armstrong Steven W. Arnold Michael D. Ashley Harrison B. Askew Kelby T. Aten Marshall B. Atwood Kevin P. Aukee Andrew F. Austin William C. Baber Ethan A. Barnes David P. Baxter Andrew N. Beliveau Leonardo R. Benavides Ryan W. Benroth Tyler J. Bergman Michael P. Birnbaum John K. Blake Brian H. Bloom John R. Bolchoz III Benjamin S. Bondurant Evan T. Boyce William F. Boykin Martin A. Bragado Andrew J. Brink Chase P. Brown Coy H. Bryant Matthew G. Burnett Andrew T. Butler Edward J. Butler III Taylor M. Butler Stephen R. Byrd Michael A. Byrge Elijah C. Callaghan Clayton K. Callander Nicholas S. Campbell Michael J. Canavaciol Jonadel R. Caro Lauren K. Carpenter Luke F. Carpenter Charles Celerier Vincent M. Chandler Robert M. Chavez Corey J. Cicio Codi H. Clark Nicholas S. Clark John M. Claypool Trevor M. Cleary Patrick G. Collins Devon J. Colmer Benjamin A. Cook Jr. Edgard A. Corea Michael V. Cristiano Chase M. Cummins Matthew L. Curtis David W. Davispope Daniel P. Detoma Matthew F. Dickerman Daryl T. Dietsche Patrick D. Dillow Matthew R. Disher William H. Dorriety Bryce A. Downing Christopher J. Duffy Malcolm J. Eaton III Nicholas W. Eberhart Patrick M. Ehrlicher Kyle A. Elam John F. Emery Samuel T. Eng Erik B. Evans Lucas J. Evans Paul J. Evans Jr. Justin R. Feltkamp Eric E. Filipowicz Joseph S. Finkle Warren P. Fischer Kenneth A. Fletcher William A. Fortin Benjamin A. Francis Joseph S. Frank Ryan T. Fritz Chris R. Fussman Connor J. Gagliardi Daniel O. Gallagher Timothy M. Galvin John W. Gannon Maggie L. Gardner Joshua D. Gaston Christopher S. Gear Todd A. Gerald James D. Giesemann Laura M. Gorinski Paul C. Graeter Evan R. Greer Collin M. Grier Brian R. Gureck Matthew C. Gustafson Alexander N. Gutzler Colter J. Hanson Ryan C. Hard Matthew R. Hartung Clinton S. Hawkins Jeremiah A. Henderson Adam J. Hesselink Miles G. Hill Jordan R. Holliday Tyler A. Howell Steven D. Hucks Matthew C. Hulst Joseph M. Hussey Joshua W. Hyland Robertpaul S. Inglis David R. Irons Sarah L. Jaeger Patric C. Jang Mary E. Janowski Samuel P. Jensen Charles S. Johnson Wesley M. Johnson Joshua C. Jones Warren D. Juba David L. Kennedy Daniel J. Kindervater Andrew R. King Daniel G. Klinge Brooks R. Knutson Maxwell L. Koenig Alexander G. Kornick Phoebe M. Kotlikoff Owen J. Kownacki Jordan A. Kronshage Peter C. Lailepage Zachary D. Landaal John A. Lawler Tyler M. Lawlor Philip S. Lee Victor Lee Erica A. Leinmiller Bradley M. Lentz Macklen C. Lethin Maximilian Leutermann William J. Levi Nicholas C. Linsodonnell Mark E. Livengood David B. Logan Rory D. Loughran William M. Love Bryan R. Lowry Owen H. Lynch Jonathan A. Madary David M. Mann Kevin M. Martin Michael J. Martin Keegan D. Mcallister Thomas K. McBride David L. McClain Cameron L. McCord Jacob I. McDaniel Brandon S. McDowall Michael R. McGetrick Scott P. McLennan Michael G. McPherson Thomas J. McSweeney Joshua K. Meeder Samuel B. Melick William A. Melton Keegan P. Merkert Nicholas C. Miller Jan C. Moralesgonzalez Shane C. Moran Christopher W. Moreno Brett E. Morris Eric C. Mosher Robert J. Murphy Christopher B. Murray Steven A. Musselwhite Kristina J. Nelloms Taylor A. Newman Michael F. Nielson Cory F. Oberst Morgan C. Oblinsky Temitope E. Ohiomoba Joshua M. Otto Jeffrey A. Pang Joseph F. Panikulam Alexander P. Papadakos Gregory A. Pavone Jacqueline M. Penichet Rafael G. Perez Mark E. Pfender Tuan A. Phan Charles H. Piersall IV Julie A. Plessinger Landon F. Pogue Eugene G. Portner Joseph M. Pottratz George R. Prieto Eric C. Provost Sam B. Rappeport Michael T. Rawls Michael C. Raynes William A. Reach Joseph A. Rego Braden W. Reiner Kristopher S. Restel Philip E. Reynolds Daniel P. Roberts Jason C. Roberts Ryan D. Robins Benjamin J. Robinson Cosmas R. Robless Ethan B. Rockett Joshua D. Rodebaugh Christopher Roehrborn Brian A. Roofner Logan M. Roy Samuel R. Royster Bradley T. Schanke Kristin E. Schoemaker Michael R. Selover Dylan K. Shay James M. Sheil Daniel T. Shen Avery B. Sheridan Darren P. Sill Christopher D. Simmons Derrick C. Simons Michael Sjoholmsierchio Christopher H. Smith Kara R. Smith Samuel A. Smith Zachary W. Smith Jason B. Snyder Clinton L. Spencer Ross J. Spinelli Alexander B. Starkey Christopher J. Stevens Andrew P. Sweeney Ross A. Sygulla Richard T. Tang Scott C. Tangen Andrew C. Taylor Eric C. Thomas James E. Thomas Bryan J. Tobin Christopher C. Tomlinson David M. Towle Andrew C. Tresansky James N. Trosper Paul D. Underwood Justin W. Vagts James M. Vangel Jeanne L. Vangilder James J. Vankirk Sean M. Vanosdale Danny S. Varnadore Matthew T. Vegliante Daniel J. Watts Andrea L. Weiss Kelly G. Wendland Zachary P. Westlake Mackenzie D. Wilsey Michael W. Wissehr Ryan T. Wisz Louis W. Wood Eric J. Wootten Christopher Worosz Matthew L. Wright Eddie W. Zeng Dean A. Zettler The Following FY19 Submarine Officers Were Selected by the Commanding Officer/Executive Officer Selection Board When it Convened on May 21, 2018: UNDERSEA WARFARE Magazine is looking for this years top submarine-related photos for the 19th Annual Photo Contest. The best of the best will be published in the Fall 2018 edition. Established in 1999 and co-sponsored by the Naval Submarine League and the Director, Submarine Warfare (OPNAV N97), we recognize four winning photos each year with the following cash awards: 1st Place: $500, 2nd Place: $250, 3rd Place: $200 and Honorable Mention: $50.PhotoANNOUNCING: Note: Entries must be received by August 10, 2018. However time permitting, photos received shortly after the deadline will be considered. Digital submissions must be at least 5 by 7, at least 300 dots-per-inch (dpi), and previously unpublished in printed media. Each person is limited to five submissions, which can be sent as JPG or other digital photo format to the email address below. Printed photos may also be mailed to the following address: Military Editor Undersea W arfare CNO 2000 Navy Pentagon W ashington, D.C. 20350-2000 Or email to: underseawarfare@hotmail.com Dont Let the Sun go Down on Your Chance to Enter the 19th Annual NSL Photo Contest Naval Leagues 19th Annual Submarine Contest Sunset in the Bahamas by SCPO (SS) Greg Foerster, USN

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WW II Submarine Battle Flags Battle Flag text courtesy of the Submarine Force Museum Groton, Conn.


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