Citation
The Beekeepers item

Material Information

Title:
The Beekeepers item
Place of Publication:
New Braunfels, Tex
Publisher:
[s.n.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Monthly
regular
Language:
English
Edition:
Volume 3 NO.11 November, 1919
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 24-40 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Bee culture -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Bees -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Honey -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Bee culture ( fast )
Bees ( fast )
Honey ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 1916).
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-v. 30, no. 7 (July 1946).
General Note:
Imprint varies.
General Note:
Issues for Sept. 1924-Dec. 1935 sponsored by and designated official organ of multiple state and regional apicultural associations.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
“Funded by Project Ceres, a collaboration between the United States Agricultural Information Network (USAIN), the Agriculture Network Information Collaborative (AgNIC) and the Center for Research Libraries (CRL).”

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Florida Dept. of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services (UFDC@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
020353358 ( ALEPH )
07497048 ( OCLC )
Classification:
SF521 .M6x ( lcc )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Dixie beekeeper
Preceded by:
Bee-keepers' review
Preceded by:
Domestic bee-keeper
Preceded by:
Western honey bee
Succeeded by:
Modern beekeeping

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This item has the following downloads:


Full Text


yvOF 93R




A Small Item in Itself, a Bid Item For Beekeepers


U A P


Louis H. Scholl, Editor


Fifty Cents Per Year


Entered in the Postoffice at New Braunfels, Texas, as Second-classMatter.

VOL. 3 NEW BRAUNFELS, TEXAS, NOVEMBER, 1919 NO. 11



I'exa's Bvt' ek'perS' 11 o toSchool



A Splendid Opportunity Offered Beekeepers of the Lone Star State to Learn More

About Beekeeping Through Co-Operative Extension Short Course to be Held in San Antonio During Week of Dec. 115-20, 1919


EVER TOO OLD TO LEARN,"
is an oft repeated phrase that applies to beekeepers as well as any other class of people. Especially is this true because beekeeping has made such strides of advances in improved methods and application.
It has been possible for some beekeepers to keep quite well abreast of the times on account of their fortunate situation that enables them to obtain, through beekeeping literature and otherwise, a vast store of knowledge on the subject of their chosen pri. L but even this knowledge may not be as thorough and defi nitely impregnated upon the mind as proper, sy:tematic schooling supplies Experience and self-edu
cation is a valuable school but, after all, like ,Josh Billings' old saying, "the tuition comes mighty high." This may
be attributed to the fact that many of the very essential details, that are exceedingly neces-' sary in attaining the greatest success in our undertakings, are more or less neglected. In


addition the knowledge of why we do things in a certain way.
Then there are the great number of busy beekeepers who are deprived of the opportu nities- to acqiure even this information through many of the channels. that others have access to. Too often their position is such that they can not find sufficient time for reading or
study and in many instances they are more or less isolated and not in touch with other beekeepers.
They do not, therefore, enjoy the


courses are of inestimable value. They do not only mean a coming together of beekeepers for a greater discussion of topics but each attendant is enroled as a student and required to perform the usual duties of one attending school There will be the instructors to teach the lessons in the most thorough manner and in all their details, and the students will be required to be prepared with note book and pencil, and to take notes.
This reminds us of the good old days of yore, and now we are offered an opportunity, even


Dr. E. F.
Phillips Caught Unawares


The "Alamo," in


the Historic City of Sa n Antonio Texas.


A Splendid Turn-out of Beekeepers in Convention Recently i California, Which


Means for Better Beekeeping.


careful and systematic training these are brought out with proper emphasis and are moulded into a well-rounded out. education in a manner that makes possible greater accomplishments through a better. understanding. In the one we learn only in a general manner how -to do things, while the other gives us in


full advantages offered to the more favorably situated class.
A splendid opportunity is offered beekeepers through shorteourse schools to learn in a real, systematic way, much of beekeeping knowledge, clothed with a better understanding and a greater assurance of success. These short-


though we have grown much older, to go to school again, beekeeping schools which these short courses really are. The idea is quite a new one as yet but where such short courses have been held they have become so popular that there has been a call for holding others. The' first of the kind to be held in Texas will


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146


take place in the city of San Antonio, during the week of December, 15-20th, 1919. A splendid program has been arranged, and the interest already shown by the great number of beekeepers who are making inquiries about the course, is good indication that there will be a large attendance. There is every reason for a big gathering. The time of the school comes in that part of the year when the season's work has been ended and there is little else to do. . The place of the meeting also is a splendid inducement for a large attendance. No
more favorable city than old, historic San Antonio, the great metropolis of the Lone Star State, and the home of "the Alamo," could have been selected. Aside from its attractions the location offers much because it is within reach of the greatest number of beekeepers of Texas. It is also the home of the Texas Honey Producers Association, to which nearly all progressive beekeepers of this State belong. The journey for the purpose of attending the beekeepers' short course will prove doubly valuable therefore, coupled with a visit to the historical city and the home of the honey producers association. A week spent in attendance of the school should, therefore, be one of great pleasure and enjoyment as well as deriving the immense benefits of the course. Take a week off therefore, come prepared to get the most out of your stay and enjoy yourself while learning more about how to keep bees and how to keep them better.

A LETTER FROM DR. E. F. PHILLIPS.

Our readers who are interested in the coining short course in beekeeping in San Antonio, Texas, next month, will appreciate the information direct from Dr. Phillips, contained in the following letter:
United States Department of Agriculture.
Bureau of Entomology.
Washington, D. C.
To the. Beekeepers of Texas:
The Extension Division of Texas and the Bureau of Entomology will co-operate in presenting a short course for Beekeepers at San


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THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM

is based as well as the approved methods.
There will also be a full discussion of the brood diseases and beekeepers are urged to bring in for laboratory examination any doubtful samples of diseased brood. Please come prepared to stay through the week as the course is organized as a unit. Bring a good note-book. The exact place of meeting and the entire program may be obtained by writing Prof. T. 0. Walton, Extension Director, College Station, Texas, or Mr. E. G. LeStourgeon, Manager Texas Honey Producers' Association, 1105 South Flores Street, San Antonio, Texas.
Respectfully,
E. F. PHILLIPS,
Apiculturist.


Geo. S. Deinuth.

ADVICE FOR SHORT COURSK- -- STUDENTS.

Register as early as possible. Send your
nanie in to the Association Secretay, Miss A.
K Hass1bauer, 1105 South Flores St., San Antonio, Texas, who is compiling the roll of prospective students. We want to know as much







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A Good Short Course Attendance in the Golden West.


Antonio during the week of Dec. 15, 1919. The sessions begin Monday at noon and continue until Saturday noon with at least two evening sessions. This course will be similar in nature to those already held in California and in various eastern states.. In general the course aims to cover the entire year's work, giving the facts on which beekeeping practice


in advance as possible haw many are coming so as to know how much room to provide.
Mr. Win. Zimmerman has been appoiitted chairman of the entertainment committee. If you want to engage rooms in advance of your coming please write him. Address him at 2610 Saunders Ave., San Antonio, Texas.
Have you a copy of "Beekeeping," by Dr.


Offer 150 colonies of bees, 300 or more extracting combs, 2 extractors, 10 lbs. foundation and queen excluders. About 50 colonies in 10-frame, rest in 8-frame hives. Want $5.00 per colony, which is cheap. Believe a carload could be made up lere. Selling on account of health. Write promptly.
C HAS. HAZGIS
Moss Bluff, Texas



Wright's
FrameWiring
Device
Most rapid in use. Saves cost of machine in one day. Tighter wires, no kinks, no sore hands,
G. B. Lewis Co., Watertown, Wis.



A Pee"ial 'lab Offer
We have about fifty copies of
FIRST LESSONS IN BEEKEEPING
(Newman-Dadant.)
Bound in strong paper cover of beautiful
design, 190 pages, well illustrated.
A copy of this book clubbed with THE
BEEKEEPERS ITEM, one year
only 75c.
Send all orders to
THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM,
New Braunfels, Texas.


And get big gentle bees. Circular and

BEN G.
Spring Hill,


yields from J Write for Price List

DAVIS
Tennessee


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Let us figure on your needs of Bee Hive and
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Prompt attention to out-of-town orders.



F 10ED Noumm ER T


204-6-8 W. Commerce St.

San Antonio, - - - - - - - - - Texas



Attention: Texas Beekeepers

Do you know Carl F. Buck of Augusta, Kansas, makes the very best Weed Process Comb Foundation in the country? And the freight to his factory is less And his price for working wax and selling foundation are very low? And he pays the best prices for beeswax. Write him. His address is

CARL F. BUCK
Established 1889. AUGUSTA, KANSAS,


LIPPINCOTTS [FARM MANUALS


I Ii %x - .



PRODUCTIVE BEE-KEEPING
FRANK C PEL LETT.


THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM






ESTABLISHED 1890


San Antonio's Largest Seed, Feed and Poultry Supply House


Queen's and Cypher's
Incubators,
Brooders and Hovers.

Write Us for Prices
Main Store, 321 E. Commerce St.

SAN ANTONIO, - - - - - TEXAS




STANDARD PRINTING COMPANY
(Successors to Wilson-Schwegmann) Printers, Blank-Book Manufacturers
English, German, Spanish

We Print The Texas Honey Producers Association Special Letter Heads for Members.

1so Other Stationery.
206 Navarro Street, San Antonio, Texas


"PRODUCTIVlE BEEK EPN
By Frank C. Pellet
One of Lippincott's "Farm Manual" Series, this book of 326 pages is finely gotten up, finely bound, and has 134 illustran;. nearly all original with the author. Price $2.50
READ THE CONTENTS BELOW:
1. Beekeeping a- Fascinating Pursuit 8. Feeding
2. The Business of Beekeeping 9. Productoin of Comb Honey
3. Making a Start With Bees 10. Production of Extracted Honey
4 Arrangement of the Apiary 11. wax-A By-Product of the Apiary
5. Sources of Nectar 12. Diseases and Enemies of Bees
6. The Occupants of the Hive 13. Wintering
7. Increase 14. Marketing the Honey Crop
15. Laws That Concern the Beekeeper

Clubbed with The Beekeepers Item, One Year, Postpaid, $2.75 Send All Orders to The Beekeepers Item, New Braunfels, Tex.


ThIs s the Priod

" Betvveen Hay and Grass ".

While waiting for the honey-season to begin, suppose you investigate the relative values of different
commercial woods. Few business undertakings call for more exacting care on the part of the buyer than getting the best lumber for the bee-man's use. In many respects bee-hive construction is like Greenhouse con-struction--both are most trying on the material used.
- Cypress is the only wood that "stands up" in Greenhouse work. It resists the rot influences that
infest the Greenhouse. No other wood is so thoroughly certified for this use as is Cypress.
- If Cypress will "stand the racket" in Greenhouse construction it certainly will do the right thing by =
S you in beekeeping.


- Those who would get accurate information regarding Cypress wood and its extraordinary power to resist
- rot influences should provide themselves with copies of the Cypress Pocket Library. There are 43 volumes,
- each authentic and authorative. WRITE US and tell us what subject, you are interested in, and will send you the appropriate booklet. We especially suggest that you WRITE FOR VOL. 1, with the unabridaed U. S. Govt. Rept. on Cypress, "The Wood Eternal," that is a BUY because it lasts so like-well, it kasts
- and lasts and lasts and lasts and lasts.



1277 Heard National Bank Building, Jacksonville, Fla., or 1277 Hibernia Bank Building, New Orleans, La.
FOR QUICK SERVICE ADDRESS NEAREST OFFICE

~ll~illiii it 111111 I~l lii 1111111111111111111111111111 II 11111 I 1I1IlII1iilIIIIII 1111 lIIII1llIIII1l 111111 liiiliii 111111111 Iiiiif


147


E. F. Phillips ? It is to be used as a text book during the school. (Note the article by Dr. Phillips in this issue of THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM). If you have a copy be sure and bring it along. It is not absolutely necessary that you have one, but you would be better able to follow the lectures and the references if you do. The Texas Honey Producers' Association has just purchased 50 copies and you may order one direct from San Antonio if you desire, or secure it when you come. The price is
$2.00 per copy.
You will note that Dr. Phillips has suggetsed a uniform type of note books, such as colleges provide their students. We will have them also in stock. Of course, any note book


Dr. At. C. Tanquary.


or tablet will do, but Dr. Phillips suggests that the use of a uniform note book would be better.
If you know any beekeeper who might be interested in the school please call it to his attention. Send his name in and we will mail him this copy of THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM and other information on the subject.

PROGRAM FOR COMMERCIAL BEEKEEPERS'
SHORT COURSE.

San Antonio, Texas, Dec. 15-20, 1919.

MONDAY, DEC. 15.
9 :30 a. in. to Noon-Registration of Students. 1 :00 p. n.Behavior of Bees in the Fall.Dr. E. F. Philips.
3:00 1. n.-Beekeeping Practice in the Fai.
Geo. S. Demuth.
7:30 p. m.- illustrated Lecture, Mythology of the Aleute-H. B. Parks. TUESDAY, DEC. 16.
9 :00 a. i.-Behavior of Bees in Winter-Dr.
E. F. Phillips.
10 :30 a. m.-Beekeeping -Practice in WinterGeo. S. Deinuth.
1 :00 p. i.-Organization aimd Co-operation.H. M. Eliott.
2:00 p. r.-Extension Work in BeekeepingA. P. Swallow.
3:00 p.i.-Experimental Needs of Bekeepers B. Youngblood.
4:00 p.m.-Work of Co-operative Associatiou T. W. Burleson.
7:30 p. m.-Illustrated Lectur e Years ut
the Arctic-Dr. M C Tanquary. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 17.
9 :00 a. m,-Behavior of Bees in Spring-Dr.
E. F. Phillips.


IN i Immom Imm 61 ji 1, 1 1 -MEMIll E





148 THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM


10:30 a. m-Beekeeping Practice in SpringGeo. S. Demuth.
1:00 p.m.-Bacteriology of Bee Diseases-A.
P. Sturtevant.
2:30 p. m.-Queen Rearing-Dr. E. F. Phillips.
4:00 p.m.-Wintering in Texas , Applying Fundamentals to Local Conditions-Louis H. Scholl.
7:30 p. m.-Illustrated Lecture-Evolution of Beekeeping Practice-Geo. S. Demuth.
THURSDAY, DEC. 18.
9:00 a.m.-Behavior of Bees in SummerDr. E. F. Phillips.
10:30 a..ni-BeekeepingPractice in SummerGeo. S. Demuth.
1:00 p. i.-Symptoms and Gross Diagnosis of Bee Diseases-A. P. Sturtevant. 3:00 p. m.-Life History of the Bee-Dr., M.
C. Tanquary.
4:00 p. m.-Our Responsibilities to the Be. ginner-Kenneth Hawkins.
7:30 p. m.-Visiting with Beekeepers-Dr. E.
F. Phillips.
FRIDAY, DEC. 19. 9:00 a. m.-Behavior of Bees in SwarmingDr. E. F. Philips.
10 :00 p. m.-Swarm Control-Geo. S. Demuth. 1:00 p. m.-Laboratory Diagnosis of Bee Diseases-A. P. Sturtevant.
2:30 p. m.-Factors Influencing Nectar Secretion-Dr. E. F. Philips. 4:00 p.m.--Locality-Geo. S. Demuth.
7 :30 p. m.-Mexican Dinner. SATURDAY, DEC. 20. 9:00a. m.-Treatment of Bee Diseases-A. P.
Sturtevant.
11:30 a. i.-Discussion on Disease ControlGeneral.
Adjo1r1met .

OUR SORT COURSE INSTRUCTORS.

A Personal Glimpse of Some of the Lecturers at
the Short Course to Be Held in San
Antonio Dec. 15-20.

The practical teacher of beekeeping, would be a proper title for Geo. S. Demuth. He is the man who tells us ''how." He has told more beekeepers the how of doing their work than possibly any other one man. Mr. Demuth has been traveling from one point of the country to another giving a demonstration of correct


practice in beekeeping to bodies of students in these courses since their beginning. Some one has said that "Demuth is the whole show." This praise may seem over-enthusiastic but the fact is that no one should miss the valuable opportunity of hearing l-. Demuth's lectures.

Dr. Al. C. Tanquary is to be our new State Entomologist. Ie takes up the work about the first of next February that was laid down by Mr. Paddock. Dr. Tanquary is a scientist of wide repute. He was zoologist to the Crocker Land Expedition in the Arctic. His illustrated lecture will deal with his experiences then. He is qualified to speak on the life history of the honey-bee. A successful Texas beekeeper who read his paper on this subject, in bulletin form, said: "That is the best short treatise I ever read on the subject. It gives me some points that I had never thought of before." We are fortunate that Dr. Tanquary can be with us and give us an opportunity to become acquainted with him before he comes to live permanently among us.


I


I


Both for $1 .25 Postpaid

You will want to be a subscriber to

The Beekeepers Item

There will be a Number of Special Issues on Important Beekeeping Subects, and Much Other Information.

You Will Want to Read 11 ol tThis

It will pay you to send in your subscription now.



OUR SPECIAL CLU13BING OFFERS



THESE WILL SAVE YOU MONEY AND FURNISH EXCELLENT READING.
American Bee Journal, a year..-.........$1.00 Western Honey Bee, a year--......--..---.------$1.00
Domestic Beekeeper, a year.-------------....$1.00
Any one of the above and The Beekeepers Item, a year.--.....-----$1.25
Any two of the above and The Beekeepers Item, a year.......-........--....$2.00
Any three of the above and The Beekeepers Item, a year----.---.-.-----$2.75


THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM, Date. ....................
New Braunfets, Texas
Dear Sir:
Please find enclosed $-.----------.. ---------------......for------------.....-years subscription to THE

BEEKEEPERS ITEMW
Clubbed with the following, as per our special clubbing offer:








N am e ......-- .........-.-.- ...- ............- .......---- - .....


Street -----------------------------------------R. F. D. ......................


City. .----------- ---......--------...a........State.........................


We Are Glad that so Mn


Beekeepers Ordered this Book

It's because they realize the value of better queens
To get the best honey yields it is necessary to have good queens in your colonies No matter how good your ability to care for the bees, how well adapted your hives, nor whether the honey flow may be abundant, the colonies will not give best results unless they are in first-class condition and strong in number of bees. This will depend upon the kind of a queen in the hive.


PELLET T'SPRAumTIlA L QUEN E UN
BY FRANK C. PELLETT
This new work on queen rearing methods should be in the hands of every beekeeper whether he owns a few or many colonies.
All the leading practical queen rearing methods are discussed in a plain manner so every reader can understand them. The book is worth many times its price.

You Need A Copy .. Order I To- =y
Arrangements have been made whereby a copy can be obtained with a club subscription to this publication.


- $1.00
- .50
$1.50


Pellett's Practical Queen-Rearing The Beekeepers Item, I year -







THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM .4


. Mr .A. P. Sturtevant is an authority on bee diseases. In the world of bacteriology-an unseen microscopic world that exists all about and within us-Mr. Sturtevant is at home. We will have a better understanding of foul brood, its dangers and its virulence after listening to his lectures. Since this scourge is so menacing to Texas and apparently on the increase we cannot afford to miss this chance to acquaint ourselves fully of its forms and symptoms and to learn the means of combatting and controling it.

Mr. H. M. Elliott was for yegrs with the extension service of the A. & M. College. His work has brought him in touchmanytimeswith Texas beekeepers. He is now head of the division of Farm Economics of the Experiment Stations. He is an economist of - nation-wide reputation. He has made an especial study of organized co-operation. This will be the subject of his paper during the school.

T. W. Burleson is well known to nearly every Texas beekeeper. He is a successful queen breeder and apiarist. When the business of shipping combless bees came in he became one of the earliest and foremost developers of the new industry. He is a director of the Texas HIoney Producers Association.

Mr. Kenneth Hawkins has been favorably known to Texas beekeepers for some years. While with the States Relations Bureau of the U. S. Department of Agriculture he made a tour of Texas, doing extension work in beekeeping. He is himself a Texas beekeeper, having an apiary in the Red River Valley. At present Mr. Hawkins is in charge of the extension service of the G. B. Lewis Company. He is author of the famous line of "How" booklets. treating of every phase of beekeeping. He has also in preparation a book on Southern Honey Production that will be on the press shortly. He has for years been closely in touch with the needs of the beginner ande is well qualified to outline to us our duties and responsibilities to those who are newly awakening to the importance and possibilities of our industry.

H. B. Parks is the newly selected State Api.culturist. The State experimental apiaries are to be in his charge. He is a botanist as well as an entomologist. He is now at work on a


bulletin to list the various honey producing plants of Texas. Mr. Parks is a close observer. Little escapes his quick eye and energetic brain. During a long visit to Alaska he became interested in the folk-lore of the peculiar aboriginees of the Northwest. lie has a wonderful collection of slides and will tell us about them in pictures as well as in words.

A. P. Swallow is entomologist of the A. & M. College Extension Department. His work puts him closely in touch with the beekeepers of our more backward counties. He it is who knows where our box-hive "bee-herders" live and how hard it is to make them adopt scientific methods. He has the same official position that was held by Mr. Parks before the experimental apiaries were established.

Mr. B. Youngblood is director of the Texas Experiment Stations. Perhaps the beekeepers owe him more gratitude than any other one man in Texas' political life. Mr. Young.blood has some twenty-three separate and dis-


BY

eA. 1.Root Co. ofE exas
We take pleasure in advising of the establishment of a permanent Texas
office, a charter of incorporation having been granted under the name of THE
A. I. ROOT CO. OF TEXAS.

SUPPLIES Several cars of supplies are now in transit from Medina
H -. and with the warehouse space which we have available
we expect to keep stocks to amply care for our Texas Beekeeping friends.
We also have cans in transit and in this connection we are determined not to write any customers "we are out of this or that."

SER IE In our office, as well as warehouse, will always be found sufI ficient competent help to care for orders promptly and no mail nor personal calls will be unattended to.
We, of course, will handle nothing but the Root Standard OUALITYI
Quality goods so nothing more need be said of quality.

FOUNDATION Until we can install a new and complete set of FounI dation Machinery all foundtion will be shipped from the factory. We now have in transit 50,000 pounds to care for immediate needs. Those wanting wax worked are assured of having orders filled within
24 hours after receipt of order.
We are paying 36c cash or 38c in trade for supplies for clean wax, H HAX i I delivered in San Antonio. H
H. .
Honey is in demand and we are buying all we can get, paying HR01NEI highest CASH price.
AN INVITATITION
You are cordially invited when in San Antonio to make our
office your headquarters. Look us over, see what we have and get
acquainted.
YOURS FOR SERVICE

H T e A,,I. Moot Co ,of'-exas M
B. 1. SOLOMON, Manager. Corner Nolan and Cherry Stileets. [
SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS.







THE SUCCESS OF BEEKEEPING DEPENDS ON GOOD YOUNG QUEENS.
We are preparing to rear several thousand queens this Fall also booking orders fo'
Spring delivery. Sept. and Oct. is considered the proper time for all southern beekeepers
to requeen. Circular Free. I


Number 1 6 12 50
Untested $1.25 6.50 11.50 40.00
Select Untested 1.50 7.50 13.50 48.00
Tested 2.00 10.50 18.50
Select Tested 2.75 15.00 27.00
One pound package of bees $2.40; 25 or more $2.16 each
Two pound package of bees 4.25; 25 or more 3.83 each. - All bees F. 6. e.
Three pound package of bees 6.25; 25 or more 5.62 each here by Express
One frame regular nuclei with 1 pound extra bees $4.50.
One frame regular nuclei with 2 pounds extra bees $6.00.
Two frame nuclei with no extra bees $4.50.
Add price of queen when ordering Bees. NUECES COUNTY APIARIES, E. B. AULT, Prop., Calallen, Texas.


111| 111 111fill 11 11111 111|l l i l l i li l l i l l i l 1111 l I i 11 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i n i l i l i n n i a


BEEK EEPING, by Dr. E. F. Phillips
One of the newest books on beekeeping, that ought to be in the beekeepers library.
SItcontains 457 pages, divided into 24 chapters with appendix, and illustrated with 190 en- ME
gravngs.
While the author says the book is not intended as a textbook it covers nearly the
whole ground of beekeeping, much of it from a scientific standpoint.
The author. Dr. Phillips, of the Depart ment of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. is so
well known that it is guarantee enough that the book is authentic and one need not hesi-tate about procuring a copy. Published by The McMillan Co., of New York. Price $2.0
With The Beekeepers Item, one year, $2.35.
Send your orders to
T H E BEAEKEEFPERS ITEN4
NEW BRAUNFELS, TEXAS

HmmuonIf If 11111111111111111 meweIeU


149







THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM


tinct Experimental Stations under his direction besides the great machinery of the State Feed Control Bureau. And yet he has never hesitated to find time at an instant's notice to wage the battle of the bee men and to champion their needs and interests. The beekeepers of Texas are fortunate to be able to hear him review at this school the problems in apiculture that his department expects to work out.

W. B. Lanhamn. This name does not appear on the formal program. But Mr. Lanham is
there all through it. Without him the school might not have been held. He is acting director of the A. & M. Extension Department. His department, co-operating with the Department of Agriculture at Washington, are authors of the Short Course. Mr. Lanham will
open the meeting at 1:00 p. m. on December 15th, and, whenever possible, will be its chairman.

Dr. E. F. Philips was our guest at the Farmers Congress Meeting of the Texas Honey Producers Association this summer. Those beekeepers who were present then need no description of his vital energy and the interest that his presence -arouses. To others we can only urge them to come and see for themselves. Dr. Phillips is in charge of the Division of Apiculture in the Department of Agriculture at Washington. The beekeeping world is fortunate that he is an apiculturist of the very first water. He has devoted the better part part of the past two years in making these short courses for commercial beekeepers the beginning of a new era in the honey producing business.

APIARY INSPECTORS PLEASE NOTE.

The following-wAi-1 has been issued by the Acting State Entomologist, in charge of the Apiary Inspection Work in Texas:
(Circular No. 16.)
To All Inspectors:
I wish to call your attention to the enclosed program for the beekeepers shortcourse to be held in San Antonio, Dec. 15-20th, 1919. Similar shortcourses have been held by Dr. Phillips, and Messrs. Demuth and Sturtevant, with great success, in other states.
This is the first time we are .attempting it in Texas, and every effort is being made to


make it the best shorteourse held anywhere. You will note that the program contains many numbers by recognized anuthorities on beekeeping, and no beekeeper can afford to iniss them if it is possible for him to attend. Dr. Phillips in formed me that Mr. Sturtevant will have the necessary labaratory equipment with him to make diagnoses of bee diseases, and that samples of diseased brood may be submuitted to him at that time. This should be of particular interest to the foul brood inspectors. I might further state that this will be a good opportunity for all the inspectors to meet and hear Dr. Tanquary, our new State Entomologist who will have charge of all the bee work beginning with the New Year.
The enclosed program is being sent to every beekeeper on our mailing list, but we want the inspectors to assist us in giving it more publicity, by having the program printed in town and county papers called to the attention of the people in any way that you deem it best. In other words, let us make good our promise to Dr. Phillips, "that we


that -is Revolutionizing th

business of eeepilg..

S EV E N of the many superior advantages to be found only in the uminu Honu Om


1.
2.
3.


Increased Production. Controls foul brood and other diseases.
Prevents destruction from moths and rodents.


4.
5.
6.
7.


Controls breeding of drones. Prevents loss from elting of
combs and does not s- g. Saves in labor and worry. Last forever with reasonable care.


.1


................
5
... .. . . ... ...... .. . . ........ . .... ...
. ....... . . . .. ...
. . ........... . ....... . _ _ ....... .. ...
.. . ......... ...... _ .. . _ _ ...... .. ..... . ......
.. . ........... . .. ........ . ... - .., ......... . .......
.. . ...... . ..... ........ ... . .... .. - . % . ....
.......... .. . ... . . . .. . ... , ...... . . X _ ... . .... ......... ....... .. .... . ...... . . . . ..... . . ........ .....
........ . ............ ... ....... ... ............
.... . ..... ............ ...... .... ..... .. ..... ........
. ........ . ... ..... ..... ............... ...........




A Cross Section of Brood and Honey Aluminum Comb Showing the Size and Shape,
of Its Cells.


The Aluminum Honey Comb Is Uncapped the same as a Wax Comb. Note the Above Cut How Bees Build on a Wax Capping Which Makes it Easily Uncap ped with an
Uncapping Knife.


Any of the above Seven Superior Advantages is of sufficient importance to every Beekeeper to merit his earnest consideration of Aluminum Honeycombs and
their immediate adoption.
ALUMINUM HONEYCOMBS ARE NOT AN EXPERIMENT
They have proven themselves by months of practical experience and have earned the recommendation of recognized authorities. Thousands are in use; giving satisfactory results never before equalled by any other form of comb
or foundation.
Read a few of these letter excerpts we are receiving every day:
Moorepark, Cal..... "I have 270 in use and find they are a success. The bees are working them fine."-J. M. Stuart. San Antonio, Tex. "Becoming more enthusiastic every day over your wonderful appliance. It is almost impossible to estimate the value of these combs."-Texas Honey Producers' Association.
San Bernardino, Cal. "I am very much pleased with the combs.",.C. L. Hayman.
Ogden, Utah. "I have tried out the combs, and am very well pleased with them.
Am writing to see if you can furinsh me with more combs soon."-W. T. Lewis.
Aluminum Honeycombs are sold on a "satisfaction guaranteed or money back"
basis. No beekeeper ever made an investment in equipment which gives greater
satisfaction or Drofit than will the installation of our combs in his apiaries.
Aluminum Honeycombs are a thoroly tested and proven entire comb construction, (not -a foundation) that increases the production of Roney and coatre! diseAsn
of bees.
Order today for immediate delivery via parcels post, express, or freight.
PRICE: $6,00 FOR 10 COMBS, f. o. b. UPLANDS, CALIF.



Texas Honey Producers Ass'n, Southwestern Representative, San Antonio, Tex.




600 Central Building, Sixth and Main Streets, Los Angeles, Calif.
Phone Home 61754 Factory at Uplands, Calif.


150


IWO
.......................
I P.






THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM 151


will have a good-sized audience to welcome
For Your ~ee SUPpV ieS him to San Antonio." If you can use more
e0.New Stock copies of the program I will be glad to furnish
ing bee Cuts you with additional copies of the same.
Send for 1919 Catalogue. We can Very truly yours
Please You. VH.yJtrulyINours,
The Mills Engraving Co. H. J. REINHART,
117 Soledad Street C. C. Cleinons Bee Supply Co. Acting State Entomologist.
College Station, Texas.
San Antonio Texas 142 Grand Ave. Kansas City, Mo.C S ,
A PERSPECTIVE OF HONEY PRODUCTION.

KENNETh HAWKINS.
The season of 1919, closes with a considerau U i 0Un i UE IAble reduction in the production of honey com"Best by Test" . pared with the average crops of other seasons,
Tn^lree Band I ians the probable decrease being at least 15 per
URES REAL QUALITYUntested$1.cent. The drouth through the middle west
Untested $1.25 each, and middle east and the failure of a good
Let us Manufacture your Beeswax We do not quote "Sclecte Untested" as proportion of California's honey plants, acinto "Superior" Foundation. we try to send our customers only what counts for the shortage. The Western and
We are in the market for your Beeswax we believe to be really good. Pacific States probably produce one-third of
L B1. the honey which moves in car lots to city
S TUP Tr% E TR% 1011R "ONEY Co. L, ,markets. The failures there this year have
OGDEN,UTAH Nineteenth Year. had a visible steadying effect on the market.
New Jersey, Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky,
Tennessee, and Arkansas report marked shortages. Illinois, New York, Maryland, Wisconsil, Minnesota, Iowa, South Dakota and New
DOCTOR MILLER'S Beekeepers Need Rubber Stamps England report fair yields with marked shortTHOUSAND ANSWERS TO BEEKEEPING Queen breeders use rubber stamps for mail ages in 'scattered localities. The last three
QUESTION$ certificates. aiedsttsrpr.vyfirco.Txs
Is the new 280 page cloth-bound book. It is Association labels have blank for member named states report very fair crops. Texas
a compilation of some 1000 questions out of to stamp name on with a rubber stamp. had the best crop in several years, hindered
more than 10,000 that Dr. Miller has an- Rubber stamps are best for making perma- somewhat by the losses in bees during the
swered for beekeepers in nent hive records in the Apiary.
The American Bee Journal. We are making a specialty of rubber stamp past three seasons of drouth.
You should know it. The book is offered only work for beekeepers. Tell us your needs The Census Bureau reports a greater averin combination with a year's subscription. We also furnish stencils and trade checks. age yield throughout the United States this PRICE OF BOTH POSTPAID ONLY $1.75 San Antonio ber Stamp Co. year than in 1918, due partly to an increase
Clubbed with Th Beekeepers Item GEO. T. SOUTIHWELL, JR., Mgr. of 7.8 per cent in the number of colonies of
One ea, Only 2.00.
Send all orders to 317 Navarro St. San Antonio, Texas bees in the spring of 1919 over 1918. The
T9 7"EF V TE .f1Mail Orders Carefully Executed. white clover belt reports indicate an increase
NEW BlAUFiEi-V L T. S Phone Crockett 901 yield this year over the average season of 15
per cent, the white alfalfa belt an increase of
10 per cent, while California reports less than
two-thirds of last year's crop, if Census Buliii reau reports may be credited.
Condition of colonies this fall is generally
fair, but honey plant conditions are distinctly
0I1poor for 1920 in Nebraska Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada,
Idaho and California, crop reporters say. ConYou wi Want to readthefarm paper ditions are fair elsewhere particularly in the
Atlantic Coast States, Minnesota, Texas, New
published by the editor of your bee Mexico and Arizona.


Prices reported as being received by produpaper. You wvill find it an excellent cers average: 22.4 per pound for white exmedium on agricultural affairs. tracted honey; 20c for amber and 17.4c for
dark honey; 26.5c for white comb honey and 22.3c for other comb. honey; 20.9c for white V r "chunk" or bulk comb honey. These prices
imelude prices received for local sales in small LCEwholesale lots as well as those in carload lots to the main market, according to the U. S. Bureau of Crop Estimates.-U. S. Chamber of l Iay p Ce n I s a y e a P Commerce.


t is a farm and home paper, of inter- The San Patricio County Beekeepers AssoI isafr an hor ,ciation was recently organized, with H. A.
est to every member of the family, in McCarley, president, and George W. Coltrain,

country or town. It has departments secretary, both of 1athis, Texas. Prospects in
that section are good for next year.
on the household, boys and girls, bees, We have Just beem informed by tie pubpoultry and fruit etc. You will appreciate it. lishers of "Productive Beekeeping," by F. C.
Pellett, that thie price per volume has been inliiicreased to $2.50 per volume. For this reason 011' hi Farm er, ew Braunfels, Texas we are required to raise the clubbing price on
ty lIi page 147 accordingly.


b sure to renew your subscription now.


IIL


151







THE BEEKEEPERS, ITEM


The Beekeepers


LOUIS H. SCHOLL-----------------Editor and

Published Monthly
Subscription-------------------.-----...................

Entered as second class matter Dec the Postoffice at New Braunfels, Texa Act of March 3, 1879.

CHANGE OF ADDRESS: When a cI dress is ordered, both the new and given. The notice should be sent as possible before the change is to take
DISCONTINUANCES: Notice will b before expiration. Subscribers are urg to make payment at once after expirati us when they can do so. Any one subscription discontinued should so ad receipt of the expiration notice; othe be assumed that he wishes The Beek continued and will pay for it soon.
ADVERTISING RATES: These will I upon application.

Meet me at the beekeepers shor San Antonio, for the week of Dee.

Examine every colony of bees a they have stores enough. They money.

Now is the time to study up a lit beekeeping. The long winter eve this possible.

Any wax refuse about the hone apiaries? Gather it up and melt i able shape. There's money in wax

Several reasons are responsible fo later than intended. First the edi tained and then further delay was insufficient help in the printery.

It is our desire to acknowledge t of American Bee Journal for the illustrations of Dr. E. F. Phillips quary, Prof Paddock, and the si .group, as well as Western i one those showing Mr Demnuth and th California beekeepers.

Articles on beekeeping subjects, photographs of things of intere readers, are always appreciated by Send them to us even if you have


write the articles out in fine style do the editing for you.' While we yet in position to pay for such mal that you will feel well repaid beekeeping along.

TO keep all our surplus combs we simply stack them up, in the bodies, on inverted covers place ground on bricks, and a cover each pile. It is best not to pile close together as the combs in may be kept too warm.

Since the article concerning Mr. vensal and the pictures of his apiar acan, Mexico, appeared in the last i BEEKEEPERS ITEM, we are in receipt nouncement of the birth, Oct. lit Josefina Mendoza, a new daugh house. We wish the little visitor ma pleasure and happiness, and that si the bees like father does.


Itemn The American Bee Journal gives a nice announcement of the coming of Dr. C. M. Tanquary to Texas as State Entomologist. In a Proprietor letter from Mr. Carl F. Buck of Augusta, Kansas, he says: ''I note your state has secured the services of Dr. Tanquary. I am sure 50c a Year you will find him a capable and fine man in
every way. I do not know where you could
s, under the aveound a better man for the place."

Miss Elizabeth Biediger who has always ange of ad- taken a great interest in beekeeping, )ld must be ,'
promptly as often attended the beekeepers' conventions, effect. and well known to many of our readers,
e given just was married on Nov. 18th to Mr. Wm.
ed, if unable Luckenbach, of Eagle Pass, Texas. IMiss on, to notify Biediger is the daughter of Louis Biediger, wishing his proprietor of the "Sweet Sixteen Apiavise us upon, .f,
wise it will ries," of LaCoste, Texas. eepers Item
LIFE IS TOO SHORT.
be furnished
The labor question is a serious one and affects us in our beekeeping work as well as elset course ill where. While we have been fairly fortunate in 15-20, 1919. our apiary and other help we have had some peculiar experiences. One that is very much rend see that sponsible for the lateness of this issue of THE are worth iEKEEPERS ITEM borders -on absurdness, however.
A new man was employed to operate the tle more on linotype and to set up the reading matter of nings make our publication on a night run. Your editor
saw him well started on this before leaving the office. Next morning we were anxious to get y house or the set up matter into the forms for the press, nto market- and, therefore, returned to the office bright
and early for the purpose. Imagine our great surprise and utter disappointment-instead of r our being all the reading matter being set up there was tor was de- less than half a column. On the manuscript caused by on the machine there was a slip of paper with no other than this inscription: "Life is too short.'' The operator had "flown the coop' he kindness and nobody knows where he went, and our cuts of the publication was delayed because another had to Dr. Tan- be procured.
hort course We mention this so that our readers may
y Bee for know why THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM is late, as
e group o. well as to show the utter incompetency of some
employes. To shirk in the midst of duty is perpetrating a gross injustice against the emas well as ployer who places his faith in the employed and st to our anticipates that certain duties be performed. the editor. We hesitate to say "well performed." But to


not time to shirk them altogether without giving any reaWe will son whatsoever, is unreasonable to say the least. are not as However, the ill practice is frequently perpetter we feel trated.
for helping
SOLOMON RETURNS TO TEXAS.

over winter Many of our readers will remember Mr., B.
supers or I. Solomon who was for some time in charge d off the of the former Toepperwein-Mayfield Company on top of beekeepers' supply house in San Antonio, the stacks Texas. While here Mr Solomon made many the center friends among Texas beekeepers. After an
absence of about three years he returns to take up the active management of the newlyPeter Pro- organized concern, The A. I. Root Co. of Texy in Micho- as, of which he is a member. ssue of THE This new concern is incorporated under the
t of the an- laws of Texas, with A. L. Boyden, B. I. Solo, of little muon, C L. Solomon, Jos. H. Theis, Henry ter of the Grossenbacher and E. Ruhnke as incorporators. .ny years of The officers are A. L. Boyden, president; C. L. me may love Solomon, vice president, and B. I. Solomon, secretary-treasurer. The new company will be lo-


cated in the commodious building up to recently occupied by the Frazer--Iarrison Company, corner of Nolan and Cherry Streets, where they expect to carry a $30,000 stock of beekeepers' supplies, exclusive of honey cans.
Mr. Solomon stated personally that he will be glad to co-operate with the Texas Honey Producers' Association, which makes it possible for those of its members to secure with greater convenience than heretofore certain lines of supplies preferred by them.
Texas beekeepers will welcome Mr. Solomon s return to the state as well as the concern of which he is the manager, and who have come to make their location in San Antonio a permanent one.


OUR FORMER ENTOMOLOGIST.

In resigning his position as entomologist and in charge of the apiary inspection work of this state, at the A. &. M. College, College Station, Texas, to take up his new work in the North, Prof. F. B. Paddock left behind a


Fhoyd B. Paddock.


host of friends who regretted to see him leave. During his stay in Texas his untiring efforts in behalf of and deep interest in the beekeepers of Texas, won for him great favor and high esteem. These friends will wish him well in his new undertakings and that every success may be his.


SUGAR FOR FEEDING BEES.

Just how. the sugar shortage will affect the beekeepers of the South has not been ascertained to a- certainty since it is quite early to make this determination. A few reports indicate that some feeding is necessary here and there , but in the main bees are reported in very good shape.
A recent letter from the U. S. Department of Agriculture, states among other information en the subject, that in certain parts of the country there has been a lack of nectar during late summer and fall, and many colonies of bees are not provided with enough stores to last through the winter and to enable them to build up properly next spring. This lack is especially deplorable just now, because of the bright outlook for good honey markets next year. Beekeepers whose bees are not adequately provided with good honey -stores in abundance should do their utmost to get sugar from which to make a thick syrup to take the place of the honey stores. Every effort should be made to get


152









sugar, for it will be a great loss if the bees are allowed to die of starvation. For the many beekeepers who are unable to get sugar at this time, it will still be possible to save the bees by feeding a thick syrup of granulated sugar at the very first of the spring brood-rearing. Directions for making thick syrup for fall or winter feeding are found in Farmers' Bulletin 695 of the United States Department of Agriculture. In providing stores of sugar syrup it is best to feed in one lot rather than to extend the feeding over several days.
Texas beekeepers will be glad to learn that, after a fruitless effort of the manager of the Texas Honey Producers' Association to obtain sugar supplies in nearly every Texas market, a carload has been shipped to San Antonio for bee-feeding. The following correspondence will explain itself:'
On November 10th the manager gave out an interview to the press of the state pointing out the serious danger to our industry. One enterprising newspaper, the "San Antonio Evening News," in conjunction with the "Houston Chronicle," made a supreme effort to relieve the situation. They were successful, as evidenced by the following telegram to the "Evening News," of San Antonio, Texas, under date of November 13, 1919:
"A San Antonio dispatch quotes E. G. LeStourgeon of the Texas Honey Producers Association as saying that every effort is beiiig made to obtain sugar for many hives of bees that are starving due to late rains washing away nectar from the flowers. The Chronicle called up the Imperial Sugar Company at Sugarland, Texas, and is advised that brown sugar, either Cubhnraw. or Texas pane us availabie in sufficient quantities to meet the needs of the bee country."
The manager of the Association immediately took up the matter with the refinery and received the following reply:
"We have your letter of the 13th regarding the sugar necessary to feed bees within the vicinity of San Antonio.
The Imperial Sugar Company are going to forward as quickly as possible to the F. M. Lewis Company, San Antonio, one car of brown sugar to be distributed among apiaries, therefore it is our suggestion that you communicate direct with him for the amount you desire."
Just how well suited this grade of sugar will be for winter feeding must be ascertained by a trial. For any information our readers need-


ing sugar for feeding are requested to write to the manager of the Texas Honey Producers Association.

THE BEEKEEPERS' JUNK PILE.

How big is your junk pile ? In many instances we have noticed much waste that might be saved. Neglected hives and hive parts, bee smokers and other tools, honey containers, honey combs and refuse wax, are allowed to accumulate and go to waste, when a little effort on the part of the beekeepers most of these might be put to use, repaired or restored Now is a good time to do this. Look over your premises and see if you have anything that adds to the beekeepers' junk pile of thousands of dollars worth of things that might be saved. Fix it up for use or for the market and add to your profits and decrease the amount of waste.

Don't forget the dates, Dec. 15-20, 1919.


THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM








SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS.


MIXED FEEDS
Its for
Horses, Mules and Dairy Cows.
Made byj
I. E.MUGGE & CO.
Wholesale Grain Dealers
San Antonio, Texas


CO-OPERATION
Means BUYING RIGHT and SELLING RIGHT.
We are a co-operative association and sell the best Bee Supplies obtainable at the right prices.
It will pay Western Beekeepers to send for illustrated Catalog.
COLORADO HONEY PRODUCERS ASS'N.
DENVER, COLORADO.



Calo

E500 Dolorosa Street, San Antonio, Texas.
Buy All Kinds fo
LIVE SNAKES AND ANIMALS.
BEST PRICES PAID.



OU0 WATADS
It will pay you to use them
LET OTHERS KNOW WHAT YOU WANT.
ONLY ll A LINE.


153


Prizes for Articles

The Western Honey Bee offers cash
and other prizes in a competition, for certain articles pertaining to the work of beekeeping. Try your hand; anyone can compete, whether a subscriber for the -loney Bee or not. Send for sample copy (free) containing particulars. Address
WVESTERPN 110NEYv E
121 TEMPLE ST. LOS ANGELES, CAL.










E ill work willith dry cellillllls o ith ityilili






1DADAT & SONSManfacures,.



2 ~ HAMILTON, ILLINOIS.= lowl llll" l l~ " l ll


W IL L E LLA SL HO LES A LE


BeeNDENg I flu A Big Stock of Bee Supplies
ALL BOXED, ready to ship at once-thousands of Hoffman Frames; also Jumbo and Shallow Frames of all kinds-100 and 200 in a box. Big stock of Sections and fine polished Dovetailed Hives and Supers. Send for a price list. I can save you money.
X Will take your Beeswax in Trade at Highest Market
Price.

NA5 CHAS. MONDENG
ME_ _159 Cedar Lake Road MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.
=111141111111111|111 1111111111111'!111111|1111111lililllllii


L


Use Our Classified Advertisements.
For anything you have to sell or trade, or anything you want in any line, our little WANT ADS. will help you get it.
There is something about your premises you have no use for but that the other fellow can use. There is something you want that the other fellow has. Advertise it. Only 10 cents a line. THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM New Braunfels, Texas


IS


AFPIAMR H --ELP WANT ED

A fie opp)rtinity for the right persons to become assistants and work into
permanent position in extensive apiary business. Must be of good character, ambitious and industrious, with experience in out apiary work, queen rearing and increase, and the use of Ford trucks. Write full particulars, age, experience, and references and salary expected in first letter.


THE LOUIS H. SCHOLL APIARIES
1P. O. Box 159 New Braunfels, Texas


-


11






154


Please Mention THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM when Writing Advertisers.


Kasch Pedigreed Cotton Seed

Bred and Grown for Planting Purposes.
BETTER PLACE YOUR ORDER NOW.
Direct from the Originator and Breeder at $3.50 per bushel, delivered, while they last. My supply for 1920 planting is being rapidly taken up.
EARLY ORDERS ARE SAFEST.

Ed. Kasch San Marcos, fexas


We pay the highest prices for beeswax. Our price is always two to five cents above the price offered by other Texas dealers. Send your beeswax by parcel post or prepaid express and receive cash returns by next mail.


Present Cash Price f. o. b. San Antonio 38c per pound

Exchange FPrice 40c




Texas Honey producers ss' n.


San Antonio Texas


-- II - NW spo


Ph


THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM


O A T S
Will buy them from you.
Get our bid before selling.
M. MARUCHEAU GRAIN CO.
San Antonio, Texas.


original Dadant super (6 5-8 inches) which is considerably deeper than the standard shallow 5 3-8 extracting super. The super contains 11 frames, Hoffman type, and with thick top bars and with V wedge for foundation. A less number of frames may be used in the super for thick combs of honey. Loose hanging frames may be had in the super if desired.
"Being the standard length, the Modified Dadiant Hive allows the use of standard Langstroth bodies and supers as storage room by the mere addition of an inch strip on each side of the body or super.
"In this manner all drawn combs and all bodies and supers of Langstroth size may be utilized on the brood chamber of the Modified Dadant Hive. We are satisfied, however, that after the beekeeper has used the new hive and new super long enough to test them he will think them sufficiently superior to warrant the culling out of his smaller equipment as fast as possible, using only the Modified Dadant Hive with its shallow super, with a


Dairy Cow Feed.
A Milk Producer-Costs less and gets better results.
Ask your dealer. Write for prices.
Manufactured by
M. MARUCHEAU GRAIN CO.
San Antonio, Texas


Breeder of 288 Egg Line Single Comb White Legh ms Exclusively

Baby Chix and Eggs for Hatching from Pedigree Trapnested Stock.

EGGS THAT WILL HATCH ARE NOW READY

STARTING WITH DAY OLD CHIX IS VERY POPULAR

Careful study of the development and chick requirements enables us to "Guarantee Safe Arrival of Chix" when destination is within a radius of from forty-eight to seventytwo hours' travel. The chick "envelopes" the yolk of the egg just before it breaks the shell, which provides food for at least 48 hours and which accounts for the chix reaching destination larger and with more vitality than when they started on their journey.


RIVER CREST POULTRY Y ADs, NewBraunfels, Texas


THE STANDARD HIVE.

E. G. LESTOURGEON.
The movement to get away from the type
of hive that most of us use seems to be gaining headway. The opinion is very well founded with most authorities in substantial agreement, that the Lanstroth hive was developed as a comb (section) honey producer and is not the most efficient medium for extracted honey production. Of course, as pointed out last month, there" area few dissenters, but they are in a surprising minority.
I am glad that we started this discussion. Many constructive ideas are coming to the front because of it. The necessity is apparent that if any solution is made of the problem it must be one that takes into account the need for using as far as possible the present Langstroth equipment. If any relief comes, and if any improved type of hive is offered, its chance for universal adoption will depend upon this feature more than any other.
In proposing the new Jumbo, or Modified Dadant Hive, as it is called, the Editor of the "American Bee Journal" takes this fact into consideration. It is because of it that he abandons the original Dadant hive for the one now proposed. Concerning it he says:
"The Modified Dadant Hive, regularly equipped, contains eleven frames. These are Hoffman style, but spaced 1 1-2 inches from center to center instead of 1 3-8 inches or less-a big point in swarm prevention. Loose hanging frames may be used if desired.
''These frames are the same length as the regular Langstroth, but of Quimby or Dadant depth, and the 11 frames have the same capacity as the original] 10-frame Dadant Hive, and equal to 14 Laiigstroth frames. The frames are specially pierced for wiring to prevent sagging, with two wires very close to the top bar, the other two farther down the frame.
"The body of the hive is dovetailed, made similar to the standard Langstroth hive, and measures 16 7-8 inches wide and 18 5-16 inches long, inside.
"The hive is equipped with reversible bottom board, similar to those regularly furnished with standard dovetailed hives today.
''The cover is metal roof type, like. the standard cover, and provided with an inner cover.
"The super is shallow, the same depth as the


54~

54 54
~4,4 ~4'4 5.4 54 ~4~4 5.4

5.4 54 ~4,4 54 54


P. O Box 1048


I









6 1-4-inch end bar frame. This super, when full of honey is nearly as heavy as the Langstroth body and, on account of its shallowness, discourages the queen from going above, and thus almost entirely does away with the queen excluders. When deep Langstroth supers are used, however, queen excluders are necessary.
"The cover of the new hive is so constructed that when placed over a Langstroth body it covers it completely, without leaving any bee space where robbers might enter."
This hive appears to have many advantages and will be tried out by various beekeepers in many parts of the country. It is rather a coincidence to note that the proposed Modified Dadant super is almost identical with the "Universal Standard" super proposed last month by Mr. Zimmermann.
The Roots also are reported to have in preparation a "Long Idea" hive.with more frame space than the present 10-frame Langstroth body. We have not been furnished with a complete description of it as yet.
While we are on the subject of the size of hives I want to remind the older readers of TiHE BEEKEEPERS ITEM for 1917 should re-read an article in the November, 1917, issue by Fred N. Hand, of Michigan, on the subject of wintering. MVr. Hand points out that bees need a limited space in the fall and winter and a larger space for best honey production during the spring and summer. He makes the point, however that the natural home of -the bee is a tree cavity or some similar place. Comparing its shape to the shape of our beehives, he shows that man has placed his bees I)M aIn 'YmnBtrajl and novel situation. This Is also a feature of the problem that this discussion has brought out and makes one of the arguments upon which the advocates of the divisible brood chamber type of hive found their belief.
Sifted down, Mr. Hand's opinion was that by the use of large hives we sometimes winter


THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM

too many bees. If the editor permits, I will quote him:
"In such large hives the bees, hatched in the fall, exhaust themselves in useless activities and are dead before the important spring work begins. There is no use in raising and feeding bees that are not needed in the production of strong colonies at the opening of the honey flow or for gathering honey. Every bee should be reared for a purpose and to earn its own feed." Those who have a file of THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM for 1917, should re-read this entire article.
The argument referred to above is not ignored or evaded by the advocates of larger hives. In the American Bee Journal for November, 1918,, Mr. C. P. Dadant has a very interesting paper on the "Advantages of Large Hives." He refers to an argument made by Mr. Win. Atchley in which our Texas compatriot voiced a preference for smaller colonies during the winter as large ones consume too much honey. Mr. Dadant tritely observes: "But large colonies PRODUCE much honey."
Let us hope that during the approaching shortcourse, to be held next month, we will evolve some basic fundamentals on the subject of wintering upon which we can build firm conclusions when this subject is presented again.
San Antonio, Texas.

SOME NOTES FROM JAPAN.

YASUo HIRATSUKA.
.Sending. you $3.35 under separate cover for some subscriptions. Honey taking was very good this spring, mostly from the "genge," (Astragulus sinicus, L.), but there is not as yet a very big demand for honey from Europe. Extracted honey prices are about 3.20 ,yen, or 19 cents per pound at present..
There have been some big rains and floods in Hokkai-do, our northern island, in September. One beekeeper who was situated with his bees away from home for the late summer flow


155


had them carried off by water at night as well as his honey house. He escaped only by himself mounting on the roof of the nearby railway station house. Other beekeepers were also more or less affected by the water in the island.
There is , good demand for bees from the Malaysian islands and also in China, south of us. Some are lately intending to try some German black bees. I am somewhat anxious about their stinging qualities, however.
Tara, Gifu Ken, Japan.

WHAT ARE THE HONEY PRICES?

J. S. KITER.
Have been a friend of the co-operative honey producers' association from the very beginning and have worked for its support at all times. There is one thing I have felt the association might have done however, and that is to keep us posted on honey prices at all times, and earlier in the season, as was promised. It has only been recently that the selling price was given to us. Heretofore we only learned of the wholesale price, or what we would get for it, and from which 5 per cent was deducted for selling it for us. Then we were blamed for selling too low when we use this basis on honey we sold. We can forgive the association if they will favor us with prices in the future that will enable us not only to tell what we will realize for our honey when we sell through it but what we ougth to expect if we sell to the market direct. We do not wish to undersell, but our ignorance, of not being posted regarding prices, has cost us a thousand dollars. With a better understanding by all of the selling price of the association South Texas wVould not sell so cheap. The consumer does not get the benefit of the low prices, anyway. Then I'll be ready to buy more stock in it.
Barstow, Texas.

Our little girl is proud of her W. S. S., which is growing a little bigger every day.


A












6 t







redof v
Wheat
OU don't knowA what it i sto be
Tired


WE mmUSIfT mroD nt0mmLU GE FOOD


emember Us Next Spring


Poultry raising will help to supply more food,an excellent food at that.

A little spare time devoted to the care of poultry
will help reduce high cost of living.

The right kind of stock and a little extra attention will add to the profits of the place.


Single Comb Rhode Island Reds
Reds that are Red and Reds that Lay

Our long experience in.- the poultry business gives us an opportunity to better take care of
your needs in eggs for hatching.

Eggs $2.00 per 15, Prepaid Parcel Post

Write us your needs. Satisfaction guaranteed.




The Louis H. School Poultry Yards NEW BRAUNFELS, TEXAS









156


THE BEEKEEPERS HOUSEHOLD










Saving Food





The "editress" has almost recovered from the long siege of illness, but on account of the scarcity of help in our household it is hardly possible to devote time to other things than the duties of the home, especially with the two children. Since returning from the hospital and going through the experience of a patient, I hawe been anxious to do just, lots of


THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM


things but the physician keeps telling me I must not.
One thing I regret very much is that I cannot attend the coming short course for beekeepers in San Antonio next month. I used to enjoy going to the conventions, fairs and other places where beekeepers met, but it seems like liealth and other things must always interfere. It is to be hoped that our household members will be well represented.


We are enjoying some extra fine, large, paper shell pecans from our own trees. They arabeauties, about three times as large as the usual pecans on the market. These seem like mere "nutlets" against our own. That reminds me that more beekeepers ought to plant some of these edible nuts, since we use them in the household to such an extent when we


can get them. They furnish excellent, wholesome food, and in baking they add so much to the tastefulness of things. Who will plant a pecan tree this winter or early spring. Remember that it pays to plant the improved varieties, however.




'NEW 1919 SPR ING A ND SUM ME R


FASHION CAT A LOG UE

Illustrating Five Hundred and Fifty
Designs of Ladies', Misses' and Children's Garments in Current Fashions, a Concise and Comprehensive Article on Dressmaking. Also Some Points for the Needle (Illustrating 30 ot the Various, Simple Stitches.) All Yaluable Hints to
the Home Dressmaker.


PRICE ONLY 10 CENTS

THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM NEW BRAUNFELS, TEXAS


The Beekeepers Household Fashion Department


25


9686




3036 A Popular Style. Cwt in 7 sizes: 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44 and 46
inches bust measure.. Size 38 requires 5 3-8 yards of 44-inch material. The dress measures about 2 yards at lower edge with plaits extended. Price 10 cents.
3011. Girls' Dress. Cut in 4 sizes: 4, 6, 8 and 10 years . Size 8 requires 3 7-8 yards of 27-inch material. Price
10 cents.
3001. Child's Coat and Cap. Cut in
4 sizes: 2, 3, 4 and 5 years. Size 2 requires 1 1-2 yards of 54-Inch material for the coat, and 1-2 yard of 32-inch material for the cap with 3-8 yard of
lining. Price 10 cents
2686 Ladies' House Dress. Cut in 7 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44- and 46 inches
Inches bust measure. Size 38 requires
6 yards of 36-inch material. Width at
lower edge is 2 1-2 yards, with plaits
drawn out. Price 10 cents.


i<,00'


---- -- ---











-.ON


Ii / ~ ~3036





















3025-3008. An Attractive costume.
Waist 3025 cut in 6 sizes: 34, 36, 38, 40, 42 and 44 inches bust measure. Skirt 3008 cut in 7 sizes: 22, 24, 26. 28, 30, 32 and 34 inches waist measure. To make this attractive style for a medium size, will require 5 3-4 yards or 44-inch material. Width of skirt at lower edge is about 1 3-4 yards. TWO
separate patterns 10 cents FOR EACH pattern.


---OM



















3 0 4


The Beekeepers Item,


3019-3022. Ladies Costume. Waist 3019 cut in 7 'sizes: 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44 and 46 inches bust measure. Skirt
3022 cut in 7 sizes: 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32 and 34 inches waist measure. A me. dium size will require 7 7-8 yards of 38-inch material. The width oT skirt at lower edge is 2 yards. TWO separate
patterns 10 cent's FOR EACH pattern.
3012. Girls' Dress. -ut in 4 sizes: 8 10, 12 and 14 years. Size 10 requ ires
3 1-2 yards of 44-inch material Price
10 cents.
3002 Girls' Dress. Cut in 5 sizes: 4, 6 8, 10 and 12 years. Size 8 requires 2 7-8 yards of 44-inch material. Price
10 cents.
2751. Ladies' Dress. Cut in 7 sizes: 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44 and 46 inches
bust measure. Size 38 requires 5 1-2 yards of 36-inch material. Width of skirt at lower edge is 1 3-4 yards. Price 10 cents


Household -Dept., New Braunfels, Texas.


Herewith find........------------..for which send me the following patterns:



Pattern No. ........................................................ ...........Size. ....................


Pattern No. ....................................................................Size. ....................


Pattern No. .......................... .........................................Size. ....................


Address..................................

Be sure to sign your full name and addreu.


.....................


......................


....................


3014. A Smart Frock. Cut in 3
sizes: 16 18 and 20. Size 18 requires 3 7-8 yards of 54-inch material. Width of skirt at lower edge is about 1 3-4 yards . Price 10 cents. 3024. Ladies' Under Garment. Cut in
4 sizes: Small, 32-34; Medium 36-38;
Large, 40-42; and Extra Large, 44-46 Inches bust measure. Size Medium requires 3 1-4 yeards of 36-inch foaterial. Price 10 cents.


D ate................ .....


41


WA


I











T EXAS HONEY PRODUCERS ASS'N



Notes by E. G. LeStourgeon, Manager
P. 0. Box 1048, San Antonio, Texas



Be sure and arrange to attend the commercial beekeeper's shortcourse to be held in San Antonio, December 15-20.


We have ordered 50 copies of Dr. Phillips' "Beekeeping." Order one now and read up in advance of the beekeepers' school.


We want all the extracted honey in small sizes that we can get. Send us a list of what you have packed and we will send you shipping instructions.


Under the Association plan we are paying 17c for extracted packed in 10's, 18c in, 5's, and 19c in 3's. We have orders ahead for several hundred cases. Send in your list of sizes that you have packed or how much honey you can pack.


We just had an object lesson in the need for heating and properly preparing extracted honey for shipment. In a carload shipment to


THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM


the Western Honey Producers we have just paid a claim for $151.80. The Association lost this amount because of the neglect of certain members to observe the rules.


Para-dichloro-benzine is still finding favor and growing in popularity. A western bee supply house and manufacturer of foundation recently wrote us as follows: "We have carried out some experiments with this and we find same very satisfactory. We wish to stock same for the beekeepers in our territory.'' It is used the same as "high-life." No.
5 can, $1.00.


Do you take a farm paper? The Progressive Farmer of Dallas will carry articles regularly from -the pen of Mr. H. B. Parks, our State Agriculturist. The subscription price is $1.00 per year. We have made arrangements to club it withTHE BEEKEEPERS ITEM for $1.15. Send your order to the Association office.



We have placed an order for prompt shipment for a carload of bee supplies which is expected shortly. We hope that the Association will never again be out of goods and unable to make prompt shipments. We can now


accept orders for any item listed in the catalog and make immediate delivery. We shall try to keep our stock complete during the coming season. We expect 1920 to be the best beekeeping year Texas has ever enjoyed.


Have your foundation made up this winter. If you will need any foundation next year do not sell a pound of beeswax. It pays you better to have it worked. The Association charges are: Mediumn brood, 20c; light brood, 22c; thin surplus, 25c. Ship your wax in to San Antonio and the foundation can be sent you immediately. Prices for working beeswax are f. o. b. San Antonio.


The beeswax market is firm. Prices have advanced. We are paying 38c per pound f. o. b. your station, in cash, for lots of 100 pounds or over. Ship direct to San Antonio. Less than 100 pound lots, our price is f. o. ob. San Antonio. Ship by prepaid express or parcel post.



The Association business has grown so rapidly that more room is necessary. Arrangements have been completed to have the use of the entire building which we occupy. A
year ago we used one-third of it. Last sum-


BEES AND QUEENS.

cosa. Co., near (hariotte, Texas. NO (isease. All in fine shape and location,, extra good, averaging 150 lbs. per colony this year. Patterson and Winters, Jourdanton, Texas.
REQUEEN-Use McCar'ey's three band ItaliaA queens to requeen your colonies with. They are guaranteed to arrive safely and give satisfaction. Untested $1.00 each; select untested, $1.25. H. A. McCarley, Mathis, Texas. '
QUEENS__This fall is the proper time to replace all queens two years old as well as the failing ones. See larger add elsewhere for prices, etc. Nueces County Apiaries, E. B. Ault, Prop., Calallen Texas. I
GOLDENS THAT ARE TRUE TO NAME. We receive hundreds of testimonials annually. Write for list. One queen, $1.25; 6, $6.50; 12, 11.50; 50, $40.00; 100 $75.00. Garden City Apiaries, San Jose, Calif.
THREE BAND ITALIAN QUEENS ONLY Prices, one $1.25; 6, $6.50; 12, $11.50; 50 $40.00; 100, $67.50. If you consider quality, pure inating and low price, I am your queen-breeder. H. G. Dunn, The Willows, San Jose, Calif.

QUEENS-Murry's Strain of Threebanded Italians. Untested $'1.00; Tested $1.75. H. D. Murry, Roxton, Texas

QUEENS--Goldens and Three-banded.
Better now than ever. I was awarded
First Prize on Queen Bees at State Beekeepers Convention at Little Rock, May 31st. One virgin 50c; select virgin 75c; Mated $1.00; select mated $1.25; Tested $2.00;'-select tested $2.50. Prices by dozen on application. H. P. Gannaway, R. 1, Box 243, Fort Smith, Ark.

BEES FOR SALE-._150 colonies, 300 or more extracting combs, 2 extractors, 10 lbs. foundation and queen excluders. About , 50 colonies in 10 frame and rest in 8 frame hives. Believee a
carload could be made up here. Chas. Hargis, Moss Bluff, Texas.

BEES FOR SALE-125 colonies select Italian bees in 10-frame hives, full twostory, extra heavy with honey. Every comb built from full sheets of foundation and wired.. No disease; A-1 condition for next year. Howard A. Jett, Box 151, Tucson, Arizona.

HONEY AND WAX.

WAX REFUSE-Don't throw away your
"slum-gum" from your wax meltings. Save them up and ship to us. We will get a lot of wax out of it for you and pay you highest price for it or make it into foundation for you. Write for rates. Dadant & Sons, Hamijton, Ill.


POSITIONS WANTED.

demand made on us for Draughon-trained students. We will get you a good position or give your money back if you qualify here, Draughon Business College, San Antonio, Texas.
1,000 AGENTS WANTED to sell a selfheating sad-iron. Labor and fuel saver. Pay salary or commission. Agents make $15 to $20 per day. Ladies make good representatives. Write for terms and free sample. Imperial Sad Iron Company, Box 1005, Fort Worth, Texas.

APIARY HELP WANTED-Several good, intelligent assistants in extensive apiary work for the year 1920, with experience in queen rearing, increase and outapiary management, with Ford truck. State experience, age and other particulars, salary expected -and references in first letter. . The Louis H. Scholl Apiaries, New Braunfels, Texas.

BEE SUPPLIES.

FOR SALE:-Woodworking saw table, adjustable. Equipped for mortising rabbiting, and hive manufacture. Two circular saws and double pull. Also six
horse power verticle engine and belt. Both together $180.00. Will sell separately. Address Chas. Frerich, Macie, Texas, or Texas Honey Producers Association, San Antonio, Texas.

FOR SALE--200 new cross style 1.0 frame bottom boards. 50 cents each in lots of 10 or more; 200 new reversible covers made of select white pine for 10. frame hives at 60c each. 5,000 unspaced Langstroth frames at $5.00 per hundred or $45.00 per thousand. Write I. E. Eggers, Eau Claire, Wis.
"GLASS JARS".-We have the best jars in the market for honey. Ask any user. Fine for your exhibits at the fair. Jtmes Hamill Co., 205 Wholesale Terminal Bldg., Los Angeles, Calif.
WANTED-We have installed a steam
prices for rendering old combs cappings, and slum gum, and want you to give same a trial. Write us for terms. We pay market price for wax rendered or will-make same into MILLER'S CALIFORNIA FOUNDATION. Send for our Catalogue. MILLER BOX MFG. CO., 201 N. Ave. 18, Los Angeles, Cal.

POULTRY AND EGGS.

WANTED-To buy live snakes, live animals, pets of all kinds. For prices, address W. Odell & Co., 504 Dolo-osa St., San Antonio, Texas.

ItUFUS RED Belgian Rabbits, both pedigreed and utility. This is good stock, solid colors, no white. Healthy and at prices to kill the high cost of living. Write Belle Voe Farm, Canutillo, Texas.1


Statement of Ownership, Circulation, Ete.,
of The Beekeepers Item, Published at
New Braunfels, Texas, as Required by
the Act of August 24, 1912.
Publisher, editor, business manager and owner, Louis H. Scholl, New Braunfels lexas; stockholders, bondholders, mortgagees, or other security holders, owning more than 1 per cent of stock, None.
(Signed) Louis H. Scholl, Editor.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 28th day of September, 1919. (Seal) (Signed) JOHN R FUCHS, Notary - Public.
My commission expires June 1, 1921,

MISCELLANEOUS.

"TEXAS NATURE OBSERVATIONS"-323 pages, photo illustrated true to nature, by Dr. B. Menger, San Antonio, has been honored by all who purchased a volume as a valuable work of information, not to be found in any other book, on Texas fauna and flort, insects, reptiles, hunting and fishing, and nature reminscences and Texas wild life in general, says Capt. W. Druse, Chief Deputy Sheriff, Bexar County: "I am so well pleased with the copy of "Nature's Observations" that I now wish two more copies: one for "The Waterloo (Ills) Library Club, and the other for "Waterloo (Ills) High School"; please send nice copies, etc. Price $2.25 to any address in Texas.

BlACK NUMBERS-Readers having num
bers of The Beekeepers Item of January, February and March, 1917, not caring to preserve them will do us a great favor by sending them to us. For eachone of these returned we will extend your subscription two months. The Beekeepers Item, New Braunfels, Texas.

AUTOMOBILE REPAIRS.

ANTOMOBILE owners should subscribe
for the Automobile Dealer and Repairer; 150-page illustrated monthly devoted exclusively to the care and repair of the car. The only magazine In the world devoted to the practical side fo motoring; The "Trouble Department" contains five pages of numbered questions each month from car owners and repairmen .Nvhich are answered by experts on gasoline-engine repairs. $1.50 per year. 15 cents per copy; Canadian subscriptions. $'2.00. Postal not answered. Charles D. Sherman, 106 Highland Court. Hartford, Conn.

SPECIAL NOTICES.

YOUR ROLL OF FILM developed and 6 prints for quarter (regular price). R. Hedstrom, Tularosa, N. M.

BEE BOOKS WANTED-On account of frequent inquiries we have decided to buy and sell for our readers such bee books and journals as they may have to offer or wish to buy. The Beekeepers Item, New Braunfels. Texas.

"THE DOMESTIC BEEKEEPER," Edited by the Townsends, honey producers as the most of the beekeepers. The subscribers get the benefit of the methods employed. Send twenty-five cents in stamps and read this journal the first half of 1917, and see its great value. Address The Domestic Beekeeper, Northstar, Mich.


SEEDS AND PLANTS
"ALFALFA and sweet clover seed for fall and winter sowing Booklet, Sample. Haskell and Haskell, Garden City, Kansas."

WANTED PECANS-Send sample an price by the hundred or i pounds. L. A. Coblentz, 927 S. Olive St.., Los Angeles, Calif .
A HARDY TEXAS Thornless Cactus, producing enormous tonnage of green feed at ol seasons. Adapted to poorer soils with little or no cultivation. A soil renovator and wash filler. Prolific. Controllable. Inexpensive. Write for piamphlet. B. H. Russell & Son. San Saba, Texas.

TYPEWRITERS
REAL values in second-hand and rebuilt typewriters, a guarantee of satisfaction with each purchase.
Remington No 10 ..................$35.00
Oliver No. 5.. . .....27.50
L. C. Smith No. 2 back spacer................ 37.50
Underwood hack spacer..............47.50
Remington No. 6 ...............................15.00
These machines are guaranteed in perfect working order and if not so may be returned. Corona and L. C. Smith, sole factory dealer. A. F. BEYER, 310 West Commerce Street, San Antonio, Texas.

EXTRACT HONEY WANTED.
We can use some light colored good flavored extracted honey if price is not too high. Quote: us lowest cash price on what you have to offer, with samples, and in what size containers.
LOUIS SCHOLL APIARIES
P. 0. Box 159, New Braunfels, Tex.

LEGAL NOTICE.
Notice is hereby given of the proposed incorporation of the Sunny South Apiaries Company as a joint stock company. Principal office, San Antonio, Texas. Incorporators, Charlotte Strum, A. M. Hasslbauer and E. G. LeStourgeon.

LEGAL NOTICE.
Notice is hereby given of the organization of the Aluminum Honey Comb Company of Texas and its proposed incorporation. Capital
stock $25,000. Incorporators, W. C. Collier, F. B. Paddock, A. C. Amet, A. M. Hasslbauer, Charlotte Strum, B. R. LeStourgeon, F W. Biggs and' E. G. LeStourgeon. Principal office, San Antonio, Texas.

THE DOMESTIC BEEKEEPER is published "Wholly in the interest of the honey producer." It will help you to "Keep more bees," and produce more honey at the best price. If you are paying a long price for your tin and glass honey containers, and other supplies, perhaps we can help you. Published monthly. $1.00 per year. Sample copy free. Address, The Domestic Beekeeper, Almont, Mich.


CL AVE


Rates in these columns are ten cents a line. Minimum charge will be 25 cents. When sending advertisements for this department it must be so stated or we will not be responsible for errors.


15 7





158


mer we found it necessary to use another third for our enormous can business. In future we will occupy the entire building. Co-operation is certainly paying.

The aluminum honeycomb continues to grow in popularity. Many beekeepers are placing large orders for them for delivery next spring. One western beekeeper is arranging to use 85,000 of the combs during next season. He has tried them in a small way and has become convinced that they are a necessity. The new plan of having the same price f. o. b. San Antonio as at the factory will make it possible for more Texas beemen to use them. Mr.
Parks recounts an interesting test of their resistance to the wax moths in the November issue of "Gleanings of Bee Culture."

The practice of some beekeepers, even some members of the Association, in failing to pack net weight honey is going to get them in trouble. We want to warn everybody of the necessity for packing net weight in all the various sized packages. We had a visit last week from a representative of the U. S. Government whose duty it is to enforce the pure food laws. He said that in interstate shipinents vigorous prosecution would follow a continuation of the practice of some beekeepers in shipping short weights of honey.
Do not get the idea that net weights are needed only in interstate shipments. In answer to an inquiry our state pure food officer writes as folloys:
"Replying to yours of the 22nd wish to advise that Section 8 of the Container Act reads as follows:
"Sec. 8, All articles of foodstuff, feed or


THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM

other conunodity which are sold in packages shall in all instances contain the net weight of the produce or commodity other than drugs so sold in such packages or containers, and shall not include the weight of the package or container. No person shall sell or offer for sale food, feed or other commodity in package form unless the quantity of the contents be plainly and conspiculously marked on the outside of the package or container, giving the weight, measure or numerical count of the contents thereof. * * * * .

SHIPPING POINT INFORMATION.

The general tone of the honey market i. much firmer and the demand is greatly in creasing. The approach of cold weather and the shortage of sugar have both had an effect upon conditions.
Shipping point information given out Oct. 31, by the Bureau of Markets is as follows:
Los Angeles: Demand active, movement good, market steady. White orange, 20c; white sage, 20c; extra light amber, 19c; light amber sage 17 1-2c; Light amber alfalfa, 16c. Beeswax, 40c.
San Francisco: Supplies very light. Light amber alfalfa, 13 1-2c; to 13 3-4c; sage 17c t 17 1-2; white alfalfa, 15-18c; orange mostly, 18c.
Arrivals since last report seem very light. This indicates that most of the honey seems to be getting into stronger, hands.
Medina: 350 pounds of Ohio honey arrived.
Chicago: One car California and one car of New Mexico.
Cincinnati: One car California.
New York: No domestic arrivals reported.


Imported, from Cuba 75 barrels, from West Indies 22 barrels.
Kansas City: One car Colorado and approxmately 500 cases of Missouri.
Denver: 43,000 lbs. Extracted, 950 cases Comb.
Philadelphia: Extracted, 1500 lbs., Virginia, 11,000 lbs., Florida 26,500 lbs. New York Comb, 650 cases.

TELEGRAPHIC MARKET REPORT.

The prices at which honey is being sold to jobbers by telegraph are as follows:
Chicago: White alfalfa, 19-21c. Light amber, 18-19c. White Sage, 22-23.
Cincinnati: California White Sage, 21-23o. Beeswax, 40-42c.
Cleveland: Calif. White Clover, 22-23c.
Kansas City: Extracted, Calif., 20c.
New York: California White Sage, 23-25c. White Orange, 23-24c. Light amber alfalfa, 18-20c. New York clover, 21-23. Buckwheat, 11-67c. Porto Rico per gallon, $1.50. Beeswax, light, 44-45; dark, 42-43.
Denver: White, 18-19c. Light amber, 1718c. Beeswax, 38c cash, 40c trade.
Philadelphia: Southern anber, 21c. Light anber 23c. Mexican amber, per gal., $1.60 to $1.56. Florida amber, 16 1-2 to 18 1-2c. Va. amber, 16 1-2c. New York clover, 17 1-2 to 20c.
St. Louis: Southern amber, 15-16c. In bar'. rels, 14-15c. Beeswax, 40c.
This shows a remarkable variation in price. Take for instance the item of Southern Amber Extracted honey and compare St. Louis and Philadelphia. Note also New York Clover at home and in Philadelphia.


Let The Associatlon HandieYI rHny


The Three Plans E explained: We Are In the Market For Every Pound


of Surplus Honey Produced in .Texas.


Single Case Until You Have Read Every Word


On This Page. Cooperation Pays.


The Warehouse Plan:
Where a member of the Association needs cash, and at the same time wants to assist in holding the surplus honey off the market, he need not sacrifice it at any cash price, but may accept this warehouse plan. The honey
-extracted honey only, and packed only in 2-60's-is shipped to San Antonio and placed in a bonded warehouse. It is assigned to the Association and becomes the property of the Association. The bonded warehouse receipt is used as collateral security with the Federal Reserve Bank and 60 per cent of the market value of the honey is borrowed upon'it for the use of the member if he desires it. The interest, insurance and warehouse charges are charged against the account of the member th same as in cotton warehousing and when the honey is sold lie receives the full proceeds less a 5 per cent commission paid to the Association. The banks have placed an absolutely unlimited amount to our line of credit to assist in this plan.


CASH FOR OfN EY


We are paying spot cash for all the Extracted Honey we can get. Send sample and number of cases. Will quote by return mail.


The Association Selling Plan:
The member notifies the manager how many pounds of 'honey he has and whether comb or extracted. Shipping instructions are given The member labels the honey with the Lone Star Label and sends the bills of lading to our office. When the honey is paid for, usually within thirty days, and always inside of sixty days, the member is sent a check for the entire amount received for his honey, less a 5 per cent commission which he pays to the Association. Under this plan he always receives. at least 1 cent per pound more on his honey than any dealer pays and often as much as 5 cents per pound more. The
margin today between the Association plan price and the South Texas dealers' cash price is 5 cents per pound on extracted honey and 3 cents per pound on bulk comb.


mmma11111


nannununanununnamnanmammunnanmumnammmmainnanna


Do Not Sell a






T H E BEEKEIERS T EN 1


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Mor and more beekeepers are realizing the value of a hive with large brood chamber for extracted honey production.
We have, ourselves, for years, used and advocated a large hive. The original Dadant Hive, however, did not win favor with a majority of beekeepers since its large telescope cover and complex construction made it very expensive; and, moreover, it did not lend itself readily to the use of Langstroth equipment.
It is with the object of combining all the advantages of the large hive with economy of contsruction and availability of existing equipment that we have evolved and now offer

T HE M OD IF IE D D A DA NT H IV E







-Iv









The regular ten-frame Langstroth and Modified Dadant Hive compared. The latter has a forty
percent larger aerea in the brood chamber yet costs approximately only 25% more.
ITS ADVANTAGES. I. A deep frame to conform to the egg-laying circle of the
queen. 2. A lrge, compact brood-chamber in one-story capable of accommodating the most p olifhc queen. 3 Ample ventilation by means of 1%-inch spacing ol ft ames. 4. Ecellent for wintering on account of large brood chamber and large clustering space. 5. Swarm control. 6. Allows free use
of the standard Langstroth supers or bodies for storage room.,
ITS CONSTRTlON: Eleven frames Langstroth length and Quimby depth, spaced
41/2 inches from ccntcr to center. Regular style metal cover, regular style hotom board. DovefanIed body. Hoffman frames. Six and one-quarter-inch


WRITE TODAY FOR DESCRIPTIVE BOOKLET AND PRICES.


A DA NT& SON


H am"1i ITLtoIn, l.


Please Mention THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM when Writing Advertisers.


To Section Comb Honey Producers X

We can dispense with the following slightly used and new items at a very low price, X
f. o. H. here. By referring to supply catalogs you can readily understand the items and make X
X
price comparisons.I
X
400 3%5/ x5xl1/2, plain sections, new .........----- ......----- ...-- .......---- ...-- ...-- ....-- - ..-------------------- 2.00X
300 slotted section holders, 414 sections---..- - -----.. ------.--- 5.00 X
fe plain section holders, for 414 sections1-......--.-------- --1.75
LiO plain ideal section slats.. .- -LO.G--.- . ......... .0
200 slotted wood separators, 41/ sections............. ..- .. .... .... - . 1.50
100 fence separators, 4'4 sections .............---....................,....... 1.75
200 Ideal fene e e ra r ... ....................,......... - ...... - - ... . 3.00
200 1pideScholl slotted separators, wood.---------------------------------------------------------------------..-. 3.00
200t tye-no tted separators, tin.----.-------------.--- ------------.. 6.00X
2 Section presses, for all sizes, each.......--------- ..-- .......-...-........-....---------------------. .--------- .20
I School foundation fastener, for all sizes.....-..--...------- .......------------------------------3.50
X



The Louis H. Sholl Apiaries, New Bra nfels, Texas

X
3M 1y t M- m : te e a a o s i -----------------------------------------60


Total


-373,030


REORGANIZING THE NATIONAL.

On January 6-9, 1920, there will be held in Kansas City a meeting of delegates from beekeepers associations throughout the United States for the purpose of deciding what shall be done by the National Beekeepers Association. It is to be determined along what lines to reorganize this association and what course is to be pursued in the future. A call is being made to the beekeepers' organizations of the country to send delegates to this important gathering, and the following is a letter from the present president of the National in behalf of this matter:
To the Beekeepers of America:
At the annual meeting of the National Beekeepers Association at Chicago last February, there was evidence of dissatisfaction with the existing national organization. Provision was


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OTHER HONEY MARKETS

Colorado: A firm at Boulder is circularizing the trade on honey and offering 800 cases of light amber to white at 17 cents in car lots and 18e 1. c. 1. At Greeley a lot of 270 cases white to very light amber is offered at 17 1-2c. Fort Collins offers 100 cases amber honey mixed with a little honey-dew at 16c. At Arboles 225 cases of Alafalfa sweet clover is offered at 16c in 2-60's. 100 cases in 10-lb pails is offered from the same point at 17c.
California: Under date of Oct. 23, a large Los Angeles shipper quotes white to water white sage, 20c, orange, 20c, light amber sage, 19c, extra light mesquite 17 1-2c, light amber mesquite 16c, extra light alfalfa 17c, light amber alfalfa 16c, alfalfa cotton-mixed 16c, amber mesquite 15 1-2c. These prices are guarianteed to Dec. 1st.
Another Los Angeles shipper quotes white sage 20c, orange 19 1-2, sweet clover 18c, Hawaiin i16, light amber alfalfa 16 1-2c.
The California Exchange seems to be in the same hands and reports that it will be until next Mareh at least. Little constructive work in the interest of the fraternity need be looked for froni that source under the present conditions. We are hoping that our California brothers will succeed in putting their house in ord' r and become a really co-operative body as the other large Western associations are doing.

HONEY EXPORT SITUATION.

New York reports a poor 'export demand. This seems to be general. The depreciation of foreign exchange is the main reason. The only exportations reported Oct. 31 are 554 hiarrels to H--olland and 13 barrles to New Foundland. These moved from New York.
The export distribution during the last half of September is listed below: Pounds.
Belgium -------------------------7,000
France--------------------------121,933
Italy -----------------------------24,000
Netherlands - - -- ---- ---177,205
Norway-_-- 5,000
Sweden -- ---- - -----.16115
Canada---------------------------20,197
Central American-------------------620
China ----------------------------384
All Others -------------------------- 567


159





160


made for a convention of delegates from the various state associations to meet in Kansas City on January next. These delegates will come together to put into concrete form your views of what a national beekeepers association should be. Your delegates must answer the following questions and many others:
Shall the National be exclusively a social and educational organization?
Would such an organization satisfy the needs of 800,000 beekeepers?
Has the National kept pace with the development of American beekeeping?
Should the National foster the organization of co-operative exchanges in the various states and take an active part in the business life of American beekeepers?
Shall the annual meeting of the National be a social meeting with an educational program, or shall it be a business meeting of delegates from state organizations?
What shall be the future relation between the national, state and county organizations?
Shall the National undertake a nation-wide advertising campaign?
Shall membership be open to anyone, or shall it be confined to bona fide honey producers ?
Shall the National maintain a paid secretary and an office which is open for business the year around?
These are some of the questions that will come before the 'delegates at Kansas City. Your delegate must be present, or the opinions of the beekeepers of your state will not be represented.
The well organized states of the Great West will be there. The delegates from the Central and Eastern States shoud be there to present their opinions. Nearly all organizations in the1 1n 1 and Eastern ,ta tes wil1ht anal meetings within the next month. This
matter should be taken up at each of these meetings. By all means, send a delegate to. voice-your sentiments.
It is not a question of whether the National shall live or die. The National will live, but its future activities will be modified to suit the needs of the beekeepers it represents. Whether it shall represent a section of the country or all of the nation may depend upon whether or not beekeepers from all sections participate in its reorganization. It is incumbent upon every organization to take some action on this matter.


Very truly Yours,
B. F. KINDIG,
Pres. National Beekeepers Assn.
East Lansing, Mich.

AN APPRECIATIVE LETTER.

The members of the Texas Honey Producers' Association will appreciate the following letter from Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, Illinois:
"We appreciate the nice business you have turned over to us for members of the association and have been pleased to be in position to give all of your orders very prompt attention. We know from the way orders have come frbm you this season that Texas beekeepers have been favored with a nice honey flow and we trust now that their apiaries are built up well and that the next season will be a good one.'

Have you sent us your subscription. A nice Christmas present-a year's subscription, only 50 cents a year.


Subscribe now, only 50 cents a year.,


THE BEEKEEPERS I T E M







We have received a full and complete line of honey and molasses cans.
Prices have been named as follows for prompt shipment f. o. b. San Antonio:
Cased Cans:
20-3's Friction top ..-.......-.....$1.50 per case
12-5's Friction tops ---.---...- 1.35 per case
6-10 Friction top .....-.......1.20 per case
2-60's Ext. screw top --...--..1.50 per case
2-60's Comb, Doubletite -. 1.80 per case

Crated Cans:
100 3's Friction top............6.50 per crate.
200-5's Friction top.-...-.--....$19.00 per crate
100-10's Friction top .. 14.50 per .crate Packers Cans:
100-2's Solder top------....$5.00 per crate
100 -3's Solder top-.............6.00 per crate
BEESWAX
We pay 35c per pound cash f. o. b. San Antonio. Exchange price, 38c per pound.

HONEY
We buy comb honey in small sized cans and extracted honey in 2-60's at highest market price.

0 o S d


'1105 So. Flores St. San Antonio, Texas


When the honey flow is on, the bees won't wait. They bee ihe spirit of opportunity. Then the hives must be ready; th(


ome imbued with e supers piled up.


Every days delay means a bg loss in the honey crop. There is no time to wait for bee supplies. "Forewarned is forearmed;" Buy supplies this winter! You can get your season's goods at lower prices now.

We allow a five per cent discount on cash orders in October.


Look

For


Where you get your

BEEW A RE


This Mark


WISCONSIN


There are twobooklets at 5c each which every beekeeper should read in planning his 1920 profits. The titles are: "How To Winter Bees Outdoors" and "How To Use Comb Foundation." These are part of the Lewis Pocket Library of 11 booklets all for 55 cents.


Have we your name for our 1920 catalogue?
If not send it in to us by return mail.

Texas Honey Producers, San Antonio, DistributorsG. kLEWIS Oe ANY
Makers of Beeware


WATERTOWN


---- ----------,-- ---- 1


Tn o E r.fin 01"&"

THE ONLY BEE PAPER
IN THE SOUTHWEST
Published Monthly

S UBSCOR IBE N OW. 50OC A Y E A R










Our Advertisers are always interested in
knowing from what source your Inquiry comes-mention The Bee-Keepers Item when
writing.






Murry's Strain of Threebanded Italian Queens

Untested $1.00 Tested $1.75
H. D. Murry, Roxton, Texas




Full Text

PAGE 1

AV. LF PL AQ gouy~ OF 1NDUSTi Louis 1.. Scho11,Editor Entered ii the Postoffice at New Braunfels, Texas, as Second-classMatter. VOL. 3 NEW BRAUNFELS, TEXAS, NOVEMBER, 1919 Texas Beekeper W11( 0 to About Beekeeping Held in San EVER TOO 0] is an oftrepea plies to beekeej othei class of is this trueI has made such strides'0f ad -methods -and application. It has been possible for keep quite well abreast of the times on account of their fortunate situation that enables them to obfB Seekeepers.of Through CoOperative Antonio During Week BD TO LEARN, addition the knowledge of'why we do things Led phrase that apin a certain way. prs as well as any Then there are the great number of busy people. Especially beekeepers who are ivd eof the opportu because beekeepiniig cities to acqiure evehii tn iitehough Ivances in improved man o the chan aers ve-a6cc to. Toooften the ppsti~ is such tihey some beekeepers to can not find sufficient tim for reading or stdyd i iny stances they are more or less isolated and not in touch with other beekeepers. They do not, therefore eenjoy the courses are of inesti only mean a coming a gater discussion ant is enroled as a s to be prepare to. take notes. This reminds and now we i a vast store of knowledge h( PIt 4 I. thoronnely inpregnated: upon the mind as proper, sy.tematic schooling supplies. ,perienee and self-education is a valuable school but. after all like *Josh Billings' old s ay i n the tuition comes mighty high This may be atributed to the fact that many of the vevy essential detail, that are exceedingly necessary in attaining-the greatest success in oUr Sidertakings, are more or less neglected. In Dr. E. F. Ph~llps, Caught Unawares The "Alamo," in the Historie Convent tic training these Are oper emphasis and are unded out. education ill ,possible greater aecom.full advantages offered to the more favorably situated Class. A splendid opportunity is offered beekeepers though we have school again, beE short courses rea new one as yet / 0 I' '-1 the Lone St D S Of Dec. 1,.5of 41 .-'4-t -z 4 a I

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BEEKEEPERS T take place in the city of San Antonio, during. the week of December, 15-20th, 1919. A splendid program has been arranged, and the interest already shown by the great number of beekeepers who are making inquiries about the course,'is good indication that there will be' a large attendance. -There is every reason for a .big gathering. The time of the school comes in that part of the year when the season's work has been ended andthere is little else to do. .The. place of the meeting also is a splendid inducement for a large attendance. No more favorable city than old, historic San, Antonio, the great metropolis of the Lone Star State, and the home of "the Alamo,'" could have been selected. Aside from its attractions the location offers muchbecause it is within reach of the greatest number of beekeepers of Texas. It is also the home of the Texas is based as well as the, approved methods. There will also be a full discussion of the brood diseases and beekeepers are urged to bring in for laboratory examination any doubtful samples of diseased brood. Please come prepared to stay through the week as the course is organized as a unit. Bring a good note-book. The exact placeof meeting and the entire program may be obtained by writing Prof. T. 0. Walton, Extension Director, College Station, Texas, or Afr. E. G. LeStourgeon, Manager Texas Honey Producers' Association, 1105 South Flores Street, San Antonio, Texas. Respectfully, E. F, PHILLIPS, Apiculturist. irney for the. purpose of attending the ers' short course will prove doubly e therefore, coupled with a -visit'to the al city and the home of the honey proassociation. A week spent in attenfdthe school should, therefore, be one of measure and enjoyment as well as deniimmense benefits of the course. Take off therefore, come prepared to get the I k I how Offer 150' Clonies of bees, 300 or more extracting com bs, 2 extractors, 10QAbs: foundation and queen excluders. About 50 colonies' in 10-frame, rest in 8-frame hives. Want $5.00 per colony, which is cheap. Believe a carload could be made up here. Selling on account of health. Write promptly. t rr inomatio ndirect from Dr. Phi11is contained. W shinqton D. C. To the. Beekeepers of Texas: The Extension Division of Texas and the Bureau of Entomology will co-operate in presenting a short. course for Beekeepers at San FrameRegister as early as possible. Send your name in to the Association Secretay, Miss A. L. Hasslbauer, 1105 South Flores St., San Antonio, Texas, who is compiling the roll of prospective students. We want to know as much Most rapid in use. Saves cost of machine in one day. Tighter wires, no kinks, no sore hands, G. B. Lewis Co., Watertown, Wis., ii A Special Club Offer We have about fifty copie of FIRST LESSONS IN BEEKEEPING (Newman-Dadant.) Bound in strong paper cover of beautiful design. 190 nage'. well illustrated. 1 I II Win. en No on ENGRAVIN ZINCETCHINGS-COPPER AND ZINC HALFTONES FOR PERIODICAL AND NEWSPAPERS ETC DESIGNING DRAWINGS IN PENANDINK OR WASH POR REPRODUCTION PHOTO RETOUCHINGSEND US YOUR NEXT ORDER AS A TRAL C PI TAL PLHOTO4INGRAVING CO 9Ol' CONGRESS AV AUSTIN TEXAS I3EL PHONE 1242 N ~5~ I" IEM l ''I en-

PAGE 3

EBEEkEEPERS TE WALL PAPER, WINDW GEOLASS Harrison's Town and Country Paint, Artists' Material Let us figure on your needs of Bee Hive and Other Painting. Prompt attention to out-of-town orders. FR E D, HUMME RT 204-6-8 W. Commerce St. San Antonio, -----Texas NE F, FER S T A F EL E.'F. Phillips? It is book during -the school. Dr. Phillips in this issue ITEM). it along. If you ha It isyou have 'one, f llow San Antonio's Largest Seed,, Feed and Poultry Supply House Queen's and Cypher' s ]Incubators, Brooders and Hovers. Write Us for Prices Main Store, 321 E. Commerce St. I SAN AN TONIO the. do. The Texas Honey has just purchased 50 der one direct from Sai or secure it when $2.00 per copy. You will note t1 getsed college them at al I E ----TEXAS Attention: Texas Beekeepers Do you know Carl F. Buck of Augusta, Kansas, makes the very best Weed Process Comb Foundation in the country? And the freight to his factory is less And his price STAND (Succes w Schweg beeswax. write mm. ius CARL F. BUCK *1 AlsoOther S stionery. TV JL~r t r"\J I I FARMMANUALS One of Lippi, i 11 I I T PRODUCTIVE BEE-KEEPING I' 'vy It the. ti. 7. Iiee; 10. of a ana ie rccu crease tin6 f the Al of Bees Crop -I rn, One" s Item 'PC 111111111 iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii llhii ii IlIIIIIIIIIIIlIIIlIII111If11111111 .MONDAY, 9 :30 a. M-. Bee Man honey-season to iess undertakings begii, suppose you investi call for more exacting care many respects bee-hive,.c e valt the 1 the of different ESTABLISHED 1890 ne I I cott' Caj i~c fIll ''I'll $2.75 s cop form a >ods. -F D T H E I T E M h

PAGE 4

B E EKEEP:ERSs 10:30 a. mr-Beekeeping Practice in SpringGeo. S. Demuth. 1:00 p.M.-Bacteriology of Bee Diseases-A. P. Sturtevant. 2:30 p. m.-Queen Rearing-Dr. E. F. Phil. :00 p.m-Wintering in Texas Applying Fundamentals to Local Conditions-Louis H. Scholl. 7:30 p. m.-Illustrated Lecture-Evolution of Beekeeping Practice-Geo. S. Demuth. THURSDAY DEC. 18. 9:00 a. m.-Behavior of Bees in SumerDr. E-.F.. P, hillips., 10:30 a. m.-Beekeepig Practice in unmerGeo. S. Demuth. 1:00 p. m.-Symptoms and Gross Diagnosis of Bee Diseases-A. P. Sturtevant. 3:00 p. m.-Life History of the Bee-Dr.. M. C. Tanquary. 4:00 p. m..-Our Responsibilities to the Beginner-Kenneth Hawkins. 7:30 p. m.-Visiting with Beekeepers-Dr. E. F. Phillips. FRIDAY, DEC. 19. 9:00 a. m.-Behavior of Bees in SwarmingDr. E. F. Philips. 10 -00 p. m.-Swarm Control-Geo.. S. Demuth. 1:00 p. m. -Laboratory Diagnosis of Bee Diseases-A. P. Sturtevant. 2:30 p. m.-Factors Influencing Nectar Secretion-Dr. E. F. Philips. 4 00 p.m.LocalityGeo. S. Demuth, .30 P. m.---Mexican inner.. SATURDAY, DEC. 20. 9:00a. n.-Treatment of Bee Diseases A. P. Sturtevant. 11:30 a. m.-Discussion on Disease Control General. Adjournment. Wre Glad that so Many Beekeepers Ordered this Book It's because they realize the value of better queens To get the best honey yields it is necessary to have good queens in your colonies No matter how good your ability to care for the bees, how well adapted your hives, nor whether the honey flow may be abundant, the colonies will not give best results unless they are in first-class condition and strong in number of bees. This will depend upon the kind of a queen in the hive. PELLET'S PRACTICAL QUEEN-REARING BY FRANK .PELLET N This new .-ork oni queen'rearing methods should be in the hands of every beekeeper whether he owns a few or, nany colonies. All the leading practical queen rearing methods are discussed in a plain manner so every reader can understand them. The book is worth many times its price. OU Need A COpy -Order It TO-Day Arrangements have been made whereby a copy can be obtained with a club subscription to this publication. Pellett's Practical Queen-Rearing --$ .00 The Beekeepers Item, 1 year ---.50 obthfor $1.25. Postpaid You Will want to be a subscriber to The Beekeepers Item There will be a ects an-d Much Othe Nu mber of Special Issues on Important Beekeeping r Information. SubYou Will Want to Read All About This, w A Personal Glimpse of Some of the Lecturers at, the Short Course to Be Held in San Antonio Dec. 15-20. The tactical teacher of beekeeping, would he a proper title for Geo. S. Demuth. He is the m anwho tells us "'-how." He has told more beekeepers the how of doing their work than possibly any other one man. Mr. Demuth has been traveling, from one point of the country to another giving a demonstration of correct practice in beekeeping to bodies of students in these courses since their beginning. Some one has said that "Demuth is the whole show. This praise may seem over-enthusiastic but the fact is that no one shouldmiss the valuableopportunity af hearing Mlr. Demuth 's lectures.Dr. M. C. Tanquary is to be our new State Entomologist. Ite takes up the work about the first of next February that was laid down {Mr. Paddock. Dr. Tanquary is a scientist of wide repute. He was zoologist to the'I Crocker Land Expedition in the Arctic. His illustrated letue willdeal ith his experiences then. e iospeak on the life history of the honeybee.Asucc essful Texas beekeeper who read his paper on this subject, in bulletin said: That is the best ,short treatise I vern the subject. It gives me some points that Ihad never thought of before." We ae fortunatethat Dr. Tanquary can be w~ith i 9,7A ffvp 1wo, A.Y1 1nrfT1-rnifvfnrr +e o l~nan / OUR SPECIAL CLUBBING O 'FERS THESE WILL SAVE YOU MONEY AND FURNISH EXCELLENT READING. American Bee Journal, a year.......$1.0 Western Honey Bee, a year.....$1.00 Domestie Beekeeper, a year---------.$..0 Any on of the above and The Beekeepers Item, a year..---.........----$1.25 Any two of the above and The Beekeepero Item, a year.........$2.00 Any three of the above and The Beekeepers Item, a.ear-.........$2.75 THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM, NewBraunfets, Texas Dear Sb,: BEEKI D.te.. ........................... / S Please find enclosed $.-..-.---------------.........................years subscription to THE KEEPERS I'ITEMW Clubbed with the following as per our special clubbing offer: Name-...........................-............................ Street -----------........ ..R F. D -------C ity .. ........-. ItU A 148 I, T H E I TE M I a /
PAGE 5

T HE BE EKE EPERS ITEM .Mr .A. P. Sturtevant is an authority on bee diseases. In the world of bacteriology-an unseen microscopic world that exists all about and within us-Mr. Sturtevant is at home. We will have a better understanding of foabrood, its dangers and its virulence after listening to his lectures. Since this scourge is so menacing to Texas and apparently on the increase we cannot afford to miss this chance to acquaint ourselves fully of its forms and symptoms and to learn the means of combatting and controlling it. 1Mr. H. M. Elliott was for yegrs with the extension service of the A. & M. College. His work has brought him in touchmanytimeswitl Texas beekeepers. He is now head of the division of Farm Economics of the Experiment Stations. He is an economist of nation-wide reputation. He has made an especial study of organized co-operation. This will be the subject of his paper during the school. T. W. Burleson is well known to nearly every Texas beekeeper. He is a successful queen breeder and apiarist. When the busi-" ness of shipping combless bees came in he became one of th e easiestt and foremost developers of the new industry. He is a director of: the Texas .foney Producers Association.' Mr. Kenneth Hawkins has been favorably known to Texas beekeepers for some years. While with the States Relations Bureau of the U. S. Department of Agriculture'he made a tour of Texas, doing extension work in beekeeping. He is himself a Texas beekeeper, -Li T1! 1 TT, _A' A. 11 BY 'AONNO.NC. NT .:The. A I Root Co..of Texa. We take pleasure in advising of the establishment of a permanent Te office, a charter of incorporation having been granted under the name of T A. I. ROOT CO. OF TEXAS. SUPPLI Several cars of supplies are now in transit from Med and with the warehouse space which we have availwe expect to keep stocks to amply care for our Texas Beekeeping .friends. We also have cans in transit and in this, connection we arede vined not. to write any customers "we are out of this or that. SERVIC nour office, as well as warehouse, will always be found I ficient competent help to care for orders promptly and mail nor personal calls will be unattended to. We, of course, will handle nothing but the Root Stand QUALITY,I Quality goods so nothing more need be said of quality. 1 A gI Until we can install a new and complete set of Fc dation Machinery -all fontion will from the factory. We now -have in transit 50,000 pounds. tocare f needs., Those wanting wax worked are assured of having orders 24 hour after receipt of order. We are paying 36c cash or 38c in trade for supplies f4 delivered -in San Antonio. Honey is in demand and we are buying all we can HONEY highest CASH price. or clean a get, AN INVITATION You are cordially invited when in San Anto e your headquarters. Look us over, see what 'present Mr. Hawinns is in ctap'ge 'of 'the extension service of the G. B. Lewis Company. He is author of the famous 'line of "' How" booklets. treating of every phase of beekee ping 'He has also in preparation a book on Southern Honey Production that will be on the press shortly. 'He has for years been closely in touch with the needs of the beginner. an(d is well qualified to' outline to us our duties and responsibilities to those who are newly awakening to the importance and possibilities of our industry. H. B. Parks is the newly selected State ApIculturist. The State experimental apiaries are. to be in, his charge. He is a botanist -as well as an entomologist. He is now at work on a bulletin to list the various honey producing plants of Texas. Mr. Parks is a close observer. Little pscapes his quick eye and energetic brain. During a long visit to Alaska he became interested in the folklore' of, the peculiar aboriginees of the Northwest. He has a wonderful collection of slides ,and will tell us about them in pictures as well as in words. A. P. Swallow is entomologist of the A. & M College Extension Department His work puts him closely in touch with the beekeepers of our more backward counties. He it is who knows where our box-hive "bee-herders" live and how hard it is to make them adopt scientific methods. He has the same official p0sition that was held by Mr. Parks before the experimental apiaries were established. n rE4 YOURS FOR SERVICE Thle, A. I1, Root Co. sofTe B. I. SOLOMON, Manager. Corner Nolan and ,Cherry SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS -ww --~ THE SUCCESS OF BEEKEEPING DEPENDS ON GOOD YOUNG QUEENS. .We are preparing to rear several thousand 4jeens this Fall also booking or Sprig delivery. Sept. and Oct. is considered the proper time for all southern bee to requeen. .Circular Free. Number 6 12 50 Untested $125 6.50 11.50 40.00 Select. Untested .50 7.50, 13.50 48.00 Tested 2.00 10.50 18.50 Select Tested 2.75 15.00 27.00 One pound package of bees $2.40; 25 or more $2.16 each Two pound package of bees 4.25; 25 or more 3.83 each. All bees F. Three pound package-of bees 6.25; 25 or more 5.62 emeh here b ] One frame regular nuclei with 1 pound extra bees $4.50. One frame regular nuclei with 2 pounds extra bees $6.00. Two frame nuclei with no extra bees, $4.50. Add price of queen when .ordering Bees. NUECES COUNTY APIARIES, E. B. AULT, Prop., Calallen, Te Illl illllilililililllliil|111119111111111111111111111111[111111 il1111111111nil 4 ~j] T+. 1., BE KEEPING by Dr. E. F Ph illi One of the newest books on beekeeping, that ought to be in the beekeepers li It contains 457 pages, divided into 24 chapters with appendix, and illustrated with 19C gravngs. While the author says the book is not intendedas a textbook it covers nearl whole ground of beekeeping, much of it from a scientific standpoint. The author, D-'r Phillips, of the Depart ment of Agriculture, Washington, D.. 0 well known that it is guarantee enough that the book is authentic and one need not tate about procuring a copy.' Published by The McMillan Co., of New York. Price With The Beekeeper s Item,~one year, $2.35. U n -il -im

PAGE 6

T BEEKEEPERS ITE Experimental Stations under his direcbesides the great machinery of the State Control Bureau. And yet he has never ated to find time at an instant's notice rage the battle of the bee men and to pion their needs and interests. The )epers of Texas are. fortunate to be able ar him review at this-school the problems piculture that his department expects to, out. B. Lanham. This name does not appear he formal program. But lMr. Lanham is all through it. Without him the school t not have been held. He is acting dir of the A. & M. Extension Department. department, co-operating With the Departh i EKE is the that is Revolutionizing the Business of Beekeeping!! S E V E N of the many superior advantages to be found only in the Auminu m H oney Comb chairD. F. Philips was our guest at t'he Farmtgress Meeting of' the Texas Honey ProAssociation this summer. Those beewho were present then need no den of his vital energy and the interest s presence arouses. To others we can Increased Production. 2. Controls foul brood diseases. 3. Prevents destruction f and rodents. 4. Controls breeding o+4rones. and other 5. Prevents loss from elting of combs and does not .s. rom moths 6. Saves in labor and worry. 7. Last forever with reasonable care. rge OT.Uiu i vI IVII v-i. artment of Agriculture eekeeping world is foripiculturist of the very devoted .the better part years in making these followmg'~elhas been issued by c State Entomologist, in charge of. y Inspection Work in Texas: (Circular No. 16.) the theo AmtInspectors I wish to call your attention to theenlosed program for the beekeepers shortcourse ) be held in. San Antonio, Dec. 15-20th, 1919. similar shortcourses have been held by Dr. hillips, and lMessrs. Demuth and Sturtdvant, vith greaj success, in other states. This is the first time we are .attempting it a Texas, and every effort is being made to aake it the best shortcourse held anywhere. Lou will note that the program contains many umers by recognized authorities on beeeeping, and no beekeeper can afforA to Mxiss hem if it is possible for hini to attend. Dr. hillips in formed me that Mr. Sturtevant will ave the necessary labaratory equipment with Lrnmto make diagnoses of bee diseases, and hat samples of diseased brood .may besubaitted to him at that time. This should be of )articular interest to the foul brood inspeeors. I -might further state that this will be L good opportunity for all the inspectors to neet and hear Dr. Tanquary, our .new State jitomologist who' will have charge of all the )ee work beginning with the New Year. The. enclosed program is being sent to wery beekeeper on our mailing list, but we I, A Cross Section of Brood and Honey Aluminum Comb Showing the Size and Shape of Its Cells. ble Cut Whi ninum Honey Comb Is Uncapped as a Wax Comb. Note the Above peu Easily ,apping 11,1 UU Any of the above Seven Superior Advantages is of sufficient importance to every Beekeeper to merit his earnest consideration of Aluminum Honeycombs and their immediate adoption. ALUMINUM HONEYCOMBS ARE NOT AN EXPERIMENT They have proven themselves by months of practical experience and have earned the recommendation of recognized authorities. Thousands are in use; giving satisfactory results never before equalled by any other form of comb or foundation. Reada few of these letter excerpts we are receiving every day: Moorepark, Cal..... "I have 270 i use and find they are a success. The bees are working them fine."-J. M. Stuart. San Antonio, T x. "Becoming more enthusiastic every day over your wonderful appliance. It is almost impossible to estimate the value of these combs."-Texas 'Honey Producers' Association. San Bernardino, Cal. "I am very much pleased with the combs."-7-C. L. Hayman. Ogden, Utah. "I have tried out the combs, and am very well pleased with them. Am writing to see if you can furinshme with more combs soon."-W. T. Lewis. Aluminum Honeycombs are sold on a .satisfaction guaranteed or money back" basis. No beekeeper ever made an investment in equipment which gives greater satisfaction or profit than Will the installation of our'combs in his apiaries. Alhuinum Honeycombs are a thoroly tested and proven entire comb construction, (not -a foundation) that increases the production of honey and conDro!G di-eas of bees. Order today for immediate delivery via parcels post, express, or freight. PRICE: $6,00 FOR 10 COMBS, f. o. b. UPLANDS, CALIF. Texas Honey Producers Ass'n, Southwestern Representative, San Anio, T .,,The Alu inum Honeycomb Company 600 Central Buildin.. Sixth and RMain 'qfrVs.Ptc Inc nlc ~1~' 'El T E C I ITEM

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HEBEEREEPERS IM For Your "King Bee" Cuts T he Mills Engraving Co. 117 Soledad Street San Antonio : :Texas Bee SupplIes New Stock Send for 1919 Catalogue. We Please, You. C. C can Clemons Bee Supply Co. 142 Grand Ave. Kansas City, Mo. I vill, him copies you w have toS of ith Ac College Station, A "Superior" Foundation "Best by Test" ,AISS U RES REAL QUA IT Y et us manufacture your Beeswax into "Superior" Foundation. We are in the market for your Beeswax SUPERIOR HONEY CO. OGDEN, UTAH TMr We do we tryI we belie' LL I QEEnS ee Band itall Untested $1.25 not. to ve quote each. "selecte Ur send our customers to be really good. BUTTS, Normanna, Nineteenth Year. tested" as only what I DOCTOR MILLER'S THOUSAND ANSWERS TO BEEKEEPING QUESTIONS Is the new 280 page cloth-bound book. It is a compilat ion-of some 1000 questions out of more than 10,000 that Dr. Miller has answered for "beekeepers in Queen breeders use rubber stamps for mail certificates. Association labels .have blank for member to stamp n Rubber si nent hive r We are n work for I We also, fu or er stamp., king permanamed h had othe 1.75 C NEW BRAUNFELSO TEeXAS. Phone ( I t 3U4 yield this year o-v LFJ .. ... U... I'll -'U., I li Arkansas, Idaho and Montana, California, published by the editor or your bee paper. You will find it an excellent medium on agricultural affairs. )ll's Monthly 22.3c for wchlnk"e include p wholeslaleI a farm est to every country or town. on the household, poultry and fruit( .4 /4 .4 .4 I The prol coum t r U )r for I LOUIS H. scHOLL., 11 It is I lots me S I JL 11I I, 12 & 'v "I TEE ITE

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B52 E K .EPEERS T The Beekeepers Itern A4ONW!I'm to1a itM.* Ron.VW RUs*0"o LOUIS H. SCHOLL-......,".-Editor and Proprietor Published Monthly Subscription--------...---. ......................50c Year Entered as second class matter Dec. 13, 1916, at the Postoffice at New Braunfels, Texas, under the Act of March 3, 1879. CHANGE OF ADDRESS: When a change of address is ordered; both the new and old must be! given. The notice should be sent as promptly as possible before the change is to take effect. DISCONTINUANCES: Notice will be given just. before expiration. Subscribers are urged, if unable to make payment at once after expiration, to notify us when they can do so. Any one wishing hissubscription discontinued should so advise us upon, receipt of the expiratio'n notice; otherwise it will be assumed that he wishes The Beekeepers Item continued and will pay for it soon. ADVE]RTISING RATES: These will be furnished" upon application. Meet me at the beekeepers short course in San Antonio, for the week .of Deo. 15-20, 1919. Examine every colony of bees and see that they have stores enough. They are worth e tii to study up a little more on long winter evenings make or etv'er The American Bee Journal gives a nice announcement of the coming of Dr. C. M. Tanquary to Texas ,as State Entomologist. In a letter from Mr. Carl F. Buck of Augusta, Kansas, he says: ''I n6te your state has secured the services of Dr. Tanquary.' I am sure you -will find him a capable and fine man in every way. .1 do not know where you could, have found a better man for the place." Miss. Elizabeth Biediger who has always taken a great interest in beekeeping, often attended the beekeepers' conventions and well known to. many of our readers, was married on iNov. 18th to Mr. Win. Luckenbach, of Eagle Pass, Texas. "Miss Biediger is the daughter of 'Louis 'Biediger, proprietor of the "Sweet eSixteen' Apiaries,' of LaCoste, Texas. LIFE IS TOO SHORT. The labor question is a. serious one and affects us in our beekeeping work as well as elsewhere. While we have been fairly fortunate in our apiary and other help we have had some peculiar experiences. One that is very much responsible for the lateness of this issue of THE BEKEEPERS ITEM borders on absurdness, how ever. A A new man was employed to operate the linotype and to set up the reading matter of our, publication on a night run. Your editor saw him well started on this before leaving the office. Next morning we were anxious to get the set up matter into the forms for the press, and, therefore, returned to the office bright and early for the purpose. Imagine our great surprise and utter disappointment-instead of cated in the commodious building up to recently occupied by the Frazer-Harrison Company, corner of Nolan and Cherry Streets, where they expect to carry a $30,000 -stock of beekeepers' supplies, exclusive of honey cans. Mr. Solomon stated personally that he will be glad to co-operate with the Texas Honey Producers' Association, which makes it ossible for those of its members to secure.with greater convenience than heretofore certain lines of supplies preferred by them. Texas beekeepers will welome Mr. Solomon s return to the state as well as the concern of which he is the manager, and who have come to make their location in San Antonio a permanent one. OUR FORMER ENTOMOLOGIST. In resigning his position as entomologist and in charge of the apiary inspection work of this state, at the A. &. M. College, College Station, Texas, to take up his new work In the North, Prof. F. B. Paddock left behind a ~1 tnen turtner deiay wa help in the printery. It is our desire to acknowledge the kindness of American Bee Journal for the -cuts of the illustrations of Dr. E. F. Phillips, Dr. Tanquary, Prof Paddock, and the short course .group, as well as Western Honey Bee' for those showing 1,r Demuth and the group o' California beekeepers. Articleson beekeeping subjects, as well, as. photographs of things 6of interest to our readers, are always appreciated by the editor. Send them to us even if you have not time to write the articles out in fine style. 'We will do the editing for you.' While we are not as yet in position to .pay for such matter we feel that you will feel well repaid for helping beekeeping along. no other than this inscription: "Life is too short." The operator had "flown the coop" and nobody knows where he went, and -,our publicationwas delayed because another had to be procured. We mention this so that our readers may. know why, THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM is late, as well as to show the utter iqcomp6tency of" some employes. To shirk in the midst of duty i perpetrating a gross. injustice against the employer who places his faith in the employed and anticipates that certain duties be performed. We hesitate to say "well performed." -But to shirk them altogether without giving any reason, whatsoever, is unreasonable to say the least. However, the ill practice is frequently perpetrated. Fioyd B. Paddock. host of friends who regretted to see him leave. During his stay in Texas his untiring efforts in -behalf of and deep interest in the beekeepers of TexaAs,'wonfor himgreat favor and high esteem. These friends will wish him well in his new undertakings and that every success may be his. 4 SUGAR FOR FEEDING BEES. Just how. the sugar shortage W"ill affect the beekeepers of the South has not been ascertained to a' certainty since it is quite early to SOLOMON RETURNS TO all our surplus combs over winter stack them up, in the supers or inverted covers placed off the bricks, and a cover on top of' It is best not to pile the stack her as the combs in the .center' Pro-, cL itn are in Many of our readers Will remember Mr. B. I: Solomon who was for some time in charge of the, former Toepperwein-Mayfield Compiany beekeepers' supply house in San Antonio, Texas. While here Mr Solomon made many friends among Texas beekeepers. After an absence of about three years he returns to take up the active management of the newlyorganized concern, The A. I. Root Co. of Texthe anlaws of Texas, with A. L. Boy >f little mon. C L.., Solomon.' Jos. H, l,i. 1. Theis, He there but in the main bees are reported in very good shape. A recent letter from the U. S. Department of Agriculture, states among other informaation en the subject, that' in certain parts of the country there has been a lack of nectar durifig late summer and fall, and many colonies.'of bees are not provided with enough stores to last through the winter and to enable them to build up properly next. spring. This lack is especially deplorable just now. because of the bright out10c ars e bees are not .4 insuffic: -152 T H E P u I'TE"M

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THE BEEKEEPERS, ITEM sugar, for it will be a great loss if the bees are allowed to die of starvation. For the many beekeepers who are unable to get'sugar at this time, it will still, be possible to save the bees by feeding a thick syrup of 'granulated sugar at the very first of the spring brood-rearing. Directions for making thick syrup for fall or winter feeding are found in Farmers' Bulletin 695 of the United States Department of Agriculture. In providing, stores of sugar syrup it is best to feed' in one lot rather than to extend the feeding over several days, Texas beekeepers will be glad to learn that, after a fruitless effort of the manager' of the Texas Honey Producers' Association to obtain o. d. ers sugar supplies in nearly every Texas market, a carload has been shipped to San Antonio for bee-feeding. The following correspondence will explain itself: On November 10th the manager gave out an intervieW to the press of the state pointing out the serious danger to our industry. One enterprising newspaper, the ":San Antonio Evening News," in conjunction with the Houston Chronicle," made a supreme effort to relieve the situation. They were successful asevidenced b the followingItelegram'tIothe "Evening News," of San Antonio, Texas, under_ date of Novenber 13, 1919: A San Antonio dispatch quotes E. G. Le Stourgeon of the Texas Honey Producers Association as saying that every effort is beMg made to obtain sugar for many hives of bees that are starving due to late rains washing away nectar from the flowers. The Chronicle called up .the Imperial Sugar Company at .V* .-A41 rrp .*ar. a* ~ --el ,X-rr-on +2 I-l'wA'a r' Prizes SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS. MIXED FEEDS 13 forS Horses, Mules and Dairy Cows. Made by, in Em MUOSE &COm Wholesale Grain Dealers San Antonio, Texas CO-OPERATION Means BUYING RIQHT and SELLING RIGHT We are a co-operative association and sell the best Bee Supplies obtainable at the 'right prices. It will pay Western Beekeepers to send for illustrated Catalog. COLORADO HONEY PRODUCERS ASS'N. DENVER, COLORADO. 500 Dolorosa Street, San Antonio, Texas. Buy All Kinds fo LIVE SNAKES AND ANIMALS. BEST, PRICES. PAID. -U -ignnuginnauig Un The Western Honey Be and other prizes in a cMn certain articles pertaining of beekeeping. Try your I can compete, whether a s the Honey Bee or not. Secopy (free) containing pa dress WESTERN HONI 121 TEMPLEST. LOS AN swom a-Ui Now NNW Will -currei -U Best -,For s son OW work with nt. device of it ale by all I p-I-' A able in sufficient quantities to meet the needs of the bee country. The manager of the Association immediately took up the maitter 'With the refinery and received the following reply: We have your letter of the 13th regarding the sugar necessary to feed bees within the vicinity of San Antonio. The Imperial Sugar Company ar'e going to, forward as quickly as possible to the F. M. Lewis Company, San Antonio, one car of brown sitgar. to be distributed among apiaries, therefore it is our suggestion that you communicate direct with him for the amount you desire.'' Just how well suited this grade of sugar will be for winter feeding must be ascertained by a trial. --For any information our readers need-: ing sugar for feeding are requested to write to the manager of the Texas Honey Producers Association. THE BEEKEEPERS' JUNK PILE. WILL SEL AT WILOLESAL now P ee Iieeper' A Big Stock, of Bee Supplii ALL BOXED, ready to ship at once-thousands Hoffman Frames; also Jumbo and Shallow Frames all kinds-100 and 200 in a box. Big stock of Secti and fine polished Dovetailed Hives and Supers. S for a price list. I can save you money.' -Will take your Reeswax in Trade at Highest Mar Price. CHAS.,MONDENG 159 Cedar Lake Road MINNEAPOLIS, MI Sri Use Our Classified Advertisements. For anything'you have to sell or trade, or anything yc in any line, our little WANT ADS. will help you get it. There is something about your premises you have no but that the other fellow can use. There is something yc that the other fellow has. Advertise it. Only 10 cents a THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM New Braunfels How big is your junk pile ? In many instances we have noticed much waste that might be saved. Neglected hives and hive parts, bee smokers and other tools, honey containers, honey conbs and refuse wax, are allowed to accumulate and go to waste, when a little effort on the part of the beekeepers most of these might be put to use, repaired or restored Now is a good tim6 to do this. Look over your premises. and see if you have anything that adds to the beekeepers' junk pile of thouAPIAR Y HELP A fine opportunity for the right persons to become assi permanent position in extensive apiary -business. Must bi ambitious and indusrious, with experience in out apiary and increase, and the use of Ford trucks. Write full par ence, anddxeferences and salary expected in first letter. andwork, USE OUR WANT ADS It will pay you to use them LET OTHERS KNOW WHAT YOU WANT. ONLY 1Oc A LINE. fh A n

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BEEKEEPER ITEM Will buy them from you. Get our bid before selling. M. MARUCHEAU GRAIN CO. San Antonio, Texas. in Writing .Advertisers. Comb ms Exclusively Chix and Eggs for Hatching from Pedigree Trapnested Stock. EGGS THAT WILL HATCH ARE NOW READY STARTING WITH DAY OLD 'ClIX IS VERY POPULAR -when they enables us. to, "Guarantee >m forty-eight to seventyjust before it breaks the unts for the chix reaching, on their journey. Is, Texas IpI ,N 4w w yVVIY iY~ Purposes. Direct from the Original hel, delivered, while thE nting is being rapidly t eder at supply $3.50 per for 19201 T HE Hoffman style, but spaced 1 1-2 inches from center to center instead of 1 3-8 inches or less-a big point in swarm prevention. Loose hanging frames may be used if desired. "These frames are the same length as the ARE UJl UJY I frame. "T body of the hive is dovetailed, made similar to the standard Langstroth hive, and 'measures 16 7-8 inches wide and 18 5-6 inches long, inside. "The hive is equipped with reversible bottom board. similar to those regularlv furnished, -J t.a. -Vx-I A AL t the highest prices for beeswax. two to hve cents ot ~hA receive cast, "The cover is metal roof type, like.the standard cover, and provided with an iner cover. The super is shallow, the same depth as the original Dadant super (6 5-8 inches) which is considerably deeper than the standard shallow 5 '3-8 extracting super. The super 'eontains 11 frames, Hoffman type, and with thick top bars and with V wedge for foundation. A less number of' frames may be used in the ustper f hick combs-ofihfey. Loose hanging frames may be had in the superif desired. "Being the standard, length, the Modified Dadant Hive allows the use of standard Langstroth bodies and supers as storage room by the mere addition of an inch strip on each side of the body or super. "In this manner all drawn combs and all bodies and supers of Langstroth size niay be utilized on the brood chamber of the Modified Dadant Hive. We are satisfied, however, that r long enough 'ml 01 fi oi pn1 tl 0 THE STANDARD HIVE. E. G. LESTOURGEON. The movement to gbt away from the type of hive that most of us use seems to be gaining headway. The opinion is very well founded with most authorities in substantial agreement, that the Lanstroth hive was developed as a comb (section) honey producer and is not the most efficient medium for extracted honey rdti. Of course as pointed out last month, there, are a few dissenters, but they are in a surprising minority. I am glad that we started this discussion. Many constructive ideas are coming to the front because of it. The necessity is apparent that if any solution is made' of the problem it must be one that takes into account the need for using.as far as possible the present Langstroth equipment. If any relief comes, and if any 'improved type of hive is offered, its chance for universal adoption will depend upon this feature more than any other. In proposing the new Jumbo, or Modified Dadant Hive, as it is called, the Editor of the "American Bee Journal' takes this fact into consideration. It is because of it that he abandons the original Dadant hive for the -w 0 N. test top ,,Iil.l

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BE EKEEPERS 6 1-4-inch end bar frame. This -super, whenfull of honey is nearly as heavy as the Langstroth body and,. o account of its shallowness, discourages the queen from going above, and thus almost entirely does away with the queen excludes. When deep Langstroth, sup ers are used, however, queen excludes are necessary. "The cover of the new hive is so constructed that when placed over a Langstroth body it covers it completely, without leaving any bee space where robbers might enter." This hive appears to have many advantages and will be tried out by various beekeepers in many parts of the country. It is rather a coincidence to note that the proposed Modified Dadant super is almost identical with the 'Universal Standard" super proposed last month by Mr. Zimmermann. I' '1 The Roots also are reported to have in preparation a "Long Idea" hive with, more frame space than the present 10-frame Langstroth body. We have not been furnished with a complete description of it as yet. While we are on the subject of the size of hives I want to remind' the older readers of THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM for 1917 should Ye-read an article in the November, 1917, issue by Fred N. Hand, of Michigan, on the subject of wintering.lV r. Hand points out that beesneed a limited space in the fall and winter, and a larger space for best honey production during the spring and summer. He makes the point, however that the natural home of -the bee is a tree cavity -or some similar place. Comparing its shape to the shape of our bee'I~ ~~ T I' .I-' -.W *'1 also a feature of the problem that this discussion has brought out and makes one of the arguments upon which the advocates of the divisible brood chamber type of hive found their belief. Sifted down, Mr. Hand's opinion, was that by the use of large hives we sometimes winter too many bees. If the editor permits, I will quote him: "In such large hives the bees, hatched in the fall, exhaust themselves in useless activities and are dead before the important spring, work begins. There is no use in raising and feeding bees that are not needed in the production of strong colonies at the opening of the honey flow or for gathering honey. Everybee should be reared for a purpose and to earn its own feed." Those who .have a file of ThE BEEKE-EPERS ITEM for 1917, should re-read this entire article. The argument referred to above is not ignored or evaded by the advocates of larger. hives. In the American 'Bee Journal for 'November, 1918,, Mr. C. P. Dadant has a very .8 interesting paper on the 'Advantages of Large Hives." Ie refers to an argument made by Mr. Wm. Atchley in which our Texas compatriot voiced a preference for smaller colonies during the winter as large ones consume too much honey. Mr. Dadant tritely observes: "But large colonies PRODUCE much honey." L et us hope that during the approaching shortcourse, to be held next month, we will evolve some basic fundamentals on the. subect of wintering upon which we' can bufld firm conclusions when this subject is presented again. San Antonio, Texas. SOME NOTES FROM JAPAN. YASUO HRATSIJKA. Sending. you $3.35 under 'separate cover for, some subscriptions. Honey taking was very go~dthissprjg-mostly from the "genge," a very big demand Ior honey fro" Europe. Extracted honeyprices are about 3.20 ,yen; or 19 cents per pound at present. There have been some big rains and floods in Hokkai-do,: our northern island, in September. One beekeeper who was situated with hig bees away from home for the late summer flow had them carried ol well as his honey hohimself mounting 'on railway station, hous also more or less aff< island. 'There is a, good' d Malaysian islands an us. Some are latel German black bees. -about their stinging Tara, Gifu Ken, J" producers' association and have worked for There is one thing I might have done how us postedon honey ing too low when sold. We can ft will favor us wi will eiiable us n realize for our h( but our ig ing prices, sen so ceap. benefit of th .5Barst< 'Our which is gr 15'cj v1 Whe1at 'Yo -dont no-. wha i 15t. b Ti red 4' Remember.Us T Poultry raising will help to supply n an excellent food at that. A little spare time devoted to the car will help reduce high cost of living. The right kind of stock and a little extra attention will add to the profits of the place. Single Comb Rhode Island I Reds that are Red and Reds that Lay Our long experienceI in-gives us an opportunity your needs In eg Eggs $2.00 per Write us your 1 gs for ha needs. Satis II I-' I TE M THE

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156 THE BEEKEEPERS HOUSE .OLD The ,editress" has almost recovered from the long siege of illness, but on account of the scarcity of help in our household it-is hardly possible to devote time to other things than the duties of the home, especially with the two children. Since returning from the hospital and going through the experience of a patient, I hwe been anxious to do just, lots of 11 *1T ne neeneep THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM things but the .physician keeps telling me I must not. One thing I regret .vAry much is that I cannot attend the comilng--short .course for beekeepers in San Antonio next month. I used to enjoy going to the conventions, fairs and other' places Where beekeepers met, but it seems like health and other things must always interfere. It is to be hoped that our household members will be well represented.' We are enjoying some extra fine, large, paper shell pecans from our own trees. .They ara beauties, about three times as large as the usual pecans on the market. These seem like mere outletss' against our own. That reminds me that more beekeepers ough to plant some of thes. edible nuts, since we use'them in the, household to such an extent when we ers Household FashionDeartent il can get them. some food, and the tastefulness pecan tree this member that it varieties, howev They furnish excellent, wholein baking they add so much to of things. Who will plant a winter or early spring. Repays to plant the improved er. THE BEEKEEPERS ITEM NEW BRAUNFELS, TEXAS '32 3 / A413A Tf L --'~8~ A H '5$, 10.,.*, I II'..5~e K;'ijl *:*~ ~8 '.*4~ I-.-i S)
PAGE 13

TEXAS HONEY PRODUCERS ASS'N. Notes by E. G. LeStourgeon, Manager P. 0. Box 1048, San Antonio, Texas T HE BEEKEEPERS ITEM the Western Honey Producers we have just paid a claim for $151.80. The Association lost this amount because of the 'neglect of certain miegtbers to observe therules. accept orders for any item listed in log and make immediate delivery. try to keep our stock contplete a coming season. bestbeekeeping We Para-dichloro-benzine is still finding favor Be sure and arrange to attend the com-s mercial beekeeper 's shortcourse to be held in San Antonio, December 15-20. N We have ordered 50 copies of Dr. Phillips' "Beekeeping.' Order one now and read up in advance of the beekeepers' school. We want all the extracted honey in small sizes that we can get. Send us a list of what you have packed and we will send you, shipping instructions. Under the Association plan we are paying 17c for extracted packed iia 10's, 18c in 5's, and 19c in 3's. We have orders aliead for several hundred cases. Send in your list of sizes that you have packed or how much honey you can pack. We just had an object lesson in the need for heating and properly preparing extracted honey for shipment. In a carload shipment Uo and growing in popularity. A western bee supply house and manufacturer of foundation recently wrote us as follows: "We have carried out some experiments with thjs and we find same very satisfactory. We wish stock same for the beekeepers in our terry ry:" It is used the same as "high-life." 5 can, $1.00. Do you take a farm paper ,? Have your foundation m If you will need any foun not sell a pound of beeswa ter to have it worked. to charges are: Medium brood, 'ito22 ; thin 'surplus, 25c. No. San Antonio and the f you immediately. Pri wax. are f. o. b. San Ai Sh The Progressive Farmer of Dallas will carry articles regiP larly from .the pen of Mr. H. B. Parks, our State Agriculturist. is $1.00 per year. We have made arrangements to club it withTHE BEEKEEPERS ITE for $1.15. tion office. Send your order to the AssociaWe have placed an order for prompt shipment for a carload of bee supplies which is expected shortly. We hope that the Association will never again be out of goods and unable to make prompt shipments. We can, now dlvanu c-L. VVU UicPying ouuZJPur. Eum, b. your station, in cash, for lots of 100 or over. .Ship direct to San Antonio, than 100 pound lots, our price is f. o. Antonio. Ship by prepaid express or post. re year StAteaent of. Ownership, Circulation, Etc., of The .eekeepers Item, Published at New Braunfels, Texas, as Required by theAct of August 24, 1912. Publisher, editor, business Inager and owner, Louis H. School, New Braunfels, -exas; stockholders, -bondholders, nortgagees, or other security holders, owning more than 1 per cent of stock, None. SEEDS .ANDI ""ALFALFA and sweet fall and winter sowing Haskell and Haskell,.G FOR SALI--750 colonies bees in Atascosa. Co., near Charlotte, Texas. No disease. All in fIne shape and .location extra good, Averaging 150 lbs. per colony this year. Patterson and Winters, Jourdanton, Texas. REQUEEN-Use McCar'ey Ys three band ItaliaA queens to regfueen. your' colonies with. They are guaranteed to arrive safely and give satisfaction. Untested, -$1.00 each; select untested, $1.25. H. A. McCarley,, Aklatbis, Texas. QUEENS-This fall is the proper time to replace all queens two years old as well as' the failing ones. See larger add elsevbere for prices, etc. Nueces County Apiaries, E. B. Ault, Prop.,. Calallen Texas. GOLDENS THAT ARE TRUE TO NAME. We receive hundreds of testimonials annually. Write for list. One queen, $1.25; 6, $6.50; 12, 11.50; 50, $40,.00; 100 $75.00. Garden City Apiarles, San Jose, CQalif. THREE BAND ITALIAN QUEENS ONLY Prices, one $1.25; 6, $6.50; 12, $11.50 60 $40.00 100 $67.50. If you consider qgaIty9, pure mti,M nadlowprIce.,I alm your queen-breeder. H. G. Dunn, The Willows, San Jose, Calif. QUEENS.--Murryvs Strain of Threbanded Italians. I Untested $'.00 ; Tested $1.75. H. D. Murry, Roxton, Teias QiJEENS-DGoldens and. Three-banded. Better now than ever.' I was awarded First Prize on Queen Bees at State Bee-keepers Convention at Little Rock, May 31st. One virgin 50c; select virgin 75c; Mated $1.00; select mated $1.25; Tested $M.00 select tested '$2.50. Prices by dozen on application. H. P. Gannaway, R. 1, Box 243, Fort Smith, Ark. BEES F09 SAL.-.150 colonies, 300 or more extracting com-s, 2 extractots, 10 lbs. foundation and queen excluders. .Abdut -50 colonies Jn 10 frame and, rest in 8 frame hives.Believe a carload could be made up here. Chas. Hargis, Moss Bluff, Texas. BEES / FOR SALE-.125 .colonies select Italian bees in 10-frame hives, full twostory, extra heavy with ,honey. Every comb huilt from full sheets of foundation andwired.. No disease; A-I condition for next year., Howard A. Jett, Box 151, Tucson, Arizon?.. HONEY AND WAX. WAX -REFUSE-Don't throw away your demand made on us for Draughon-trained students. We will get you a good position or give your, money back if yoi1 1Qualify here, Draughon Business College, San Antonio, Texas. 1,000 AGENTS WANTED to sell a selfheating sad-iron. Labor and fuel saver. Pay salary or commission. Agents make $15 to $20 per day. Ladies makegood representatives. Write for terms and free sample. Imperial Sad Iron Company, Box 1005, Fort Worth, Texas. APIARY HVLP WANTED-Several good, intelligent assistants in, extensive apiary. work for the year w920, .with experience. in queen rearing, increase .and .outapiary management, with Ford truck. State experience, age and other particulars, salaryexpected ;and references in first letter. .The LouisH. School Api. aries, New Braunfels, Texas. BEE SUPLIE9., FOR SALE:-Woodworking saw table, adjustable. Equipped for mortisi-ng rabiting,an Ahive manufacture. Two circular .saws'ad oble pully. Also sX horse power verticle engifie and belt.. Both together $180.00. Will sell separately. Address Chas. Freich, Macie, Texas, or exa Honey Producers Asociation, San SAntonio, Texas., FOR $ALE..200 new cross style 10 frame bottom boards. 50, cents each in, lots of 10 or more; 200 new reversible covers made of select white pine -for 10. frame" hives at 60c each. 5,000unspaced" Langstroth frames at $5.00 per hundred or $45.00 per thousand. Write .M. I Eggers, Eau Claire, Wis. "GLASS JARS"-We have the best jars in .the. market for honey. Ask a'ny user. Fine for your exhibits at the fair. James Hamill Co., 205 Wholesale Terminal Bldg., -Los Angeles, Calif. WANTED-We have installed a steam process for rendering old combs cappings, and slum gum, and want you to give same a trial. Write us for terms. We pay market price for wax rendered or will make same into MILLER'S CALIFORNIA FON ATION. Send for. our Catalogue. MILLER IBOX MEG. CO, 201 N. Ave. 18,-Los Angeles,-.Cal. POULThY AND EGGS. WAN TEDTo buy live snakes, live an-mals petsof all kinds. For pricesfA dress W. Odell & Co., 504 Dolotosa St., San Antonio, Texas. (Seal) (Signed) JOHN R FUCHS, NotaryPubfic. My commission expires June 1, 1921 MISCELLANEOUS. "TEXAS NATURE OBSERVATIONS "-323 pages, photo illustrated true to nature, by Dr. R.' Menger, San Antonio, has: been honored by all who purchased a volume a. a valuable' work of information, not to be found in any other book, on Texas fauna and flort, insects, reptiles, hunting and fishing, and .nature remlnscenceso and Texas wid life In general, says Capt. W. Druse, .Chief Deputy. Sherirr, Bexar County: "I. am so well pleased with the copy or "Nature's Observations" that I now wish two more copies: one for "The Waterloo (Ills) Library Club, and the their for "Waterloo (Ills) High School"; please send nicecopies, etc. Price $2.25 to any address. In Texas. BACJK NUMBERS-Readers having num bers of. The BeekeepersItemi of January, February y and Mrh 19.17, nat caringto preserve them will do us a great favor by A'ending'them, to us.Fr:each one o these returned we w. Feted your subscription two months. The Beekeepers Item, New Braunfels, Texas.. AUTOMOBILE 'REPAIIRF. ANTOM OBINI4 owners should su'bscribe for the Automobile Dealer and Repairer; 150-page illustrated monthly devoted eclusively to. the care and repair of the car, The .ily magazine in the world devoted to the" practical side fo motoring; The "Trouble Department" contains five pages of numbered questions each -month from car owners and repairmen .which are Saswered by experts on gasoline-engine repairs. $1.50 per year. 15 ceits per copy; Canadian subscriptions. $2.00. Postals not answered. Charles D. Sherman, 106 Highland Court, IHartford, Conn. SPECIAL NOTICES. YOUR ROLL OF FILM developed and 6' prints for quarter (regular -price). R. Hedstrom, Tularosa, N. M. BEE BOOKS WANTED-On account of frequent inquiries we have decided to buy and sell for our readers such bee books and journals as they miay have to offer or wish to by .e Bekeepers Item, New Braunifels. Texas. "THE DOMESTIC BEEKEEPER," Edited by the Townsends, Loney producers as the most able. Inexpensive. Write for B. U. 1{ussell & Son. $an Sabo working order and if not so mat be returned. Corona and L. C. Smith Isole factory deaer A. F. BEYER, 310 West Commerce Streit San Antonio, Texas. EXTRACT HONEY WANTED* We can use somel eight Colored good flavored extracted hoheyif price is not too high. Qupte us lowest cash price on. what you have to offer, with, samples, and in what size containers. LOUIS SCHOLL APIARIES P.0. Box 159 ,New Braunfels, Tex LEGAL NOTICE. Notice is hereby givenof the proposed incorporation of the Sun-ny South Apiar-ies Company as a joint stock company. Principal office, Sah Antonio, Texas. IntOrporators, CLarlotte Strum, A. M. Hasslbauer and G. LSeturgeo LEGAL NOTICE. Notice is hereby given of the or" ganization of the Aluminum Hone$ Comb Cmpany'of Texas and its proposed incorporation apt stock $25,000. Incorporators, W C Collier, F. B. Paddock, A. C. Amlet A. M. Hasslbaiuer, Charlotte Strum B. R. LeStourgeon, F W. Biggs-and E. G. LeStourge-on. Principal o fice, San' Antonio, TeXas. THE DOMESTIC, BEEKEEPER is published "Wholly in the intere of the honey producer."Itwil help .you to "Keep more beesand produce more honey -t th s price. If you -are paying a n' pricefor your tin and glass s honey ennf inp.-rq ad nfh.Pr,,vnn~q. bk The subscription price The-Ass -idly .that ments hav / CASIFEDA DVERIEME NTS Rates in these columns are ten cents a line. Minimum charge will be 25 Cents.IWhen sending advertisements for this department it must be so stated or we will not be responsible for errors. AA ~j -~ N 'V A ~ N 7, ~/, F -t A, ~ A ~ MI. 4"P, O"k,

PAGE 14

another third In future we Co-operation aeycomb to grow placing spring. to use )n. He has bev;The THE BE EKEEPERS ITEM other commodity which are sold in packages' shall in all instances contain the net weight' of the produce or commodity other than drugs. so sold in such package or containers, and shall not include the weight of the package or container. No person shall sell or offer for sale food, feed or other commodity in package form unless the quantity of the contents be plainly and conspiculously marked on the outside of the package or container, giving the weight, measure, or numerical count of the, contents thereof. * Imported, from Cuba 75 barrels, from West Indies 22 barrels. Kansas City: One car Colorado and approxmately 500 cases of "Missouri. Denver: 43,000 lbs. Extracted 950 cases Comb. Philadelphia: Extracted, 1500 lbs., Virginia, 11000 lbs., Florida 26,500 lbs. New York Comb, 650 cases. TELEGRAPHIC MARKET REPORT. ving the same price f. o. b. San lie factory will make it possible tsbeemen to use them. Mr. an interesting test of their rewax moths in the November isgs of Bee Culture." The much SHIPPING POINT INFORMATIONgeneral tone of the honey market is firmer and the depnand. is greatly, in ig. The approach of-.cold weather and ortage of ;ugar'have both had an effect point We want to warn everybody of the ty for packing net weight in all the I sized packages. We had a visit last From a representative of the U. S. Gov,it whose duty it is to enforce the pure aws. He said that in interstate -shipvigorous prosecution would follow a nation of the practice of some beekeepLos Angeles: I good, market steady -sage, 20c; extra lig" sage 17 1-2c; Light wax, 46c. San Francisco: amber alfalfa, 13 1en mation given out Oct. [arkets is as follows: rnd active,, movenent hite orange, 20c; white mber, 19c'; light amber Jer alfalfa, 16c. Bees)plies very light. to 13 3-4c: sage Light D7e t') The prices at which honey is being sold to jobbers by telegraph are as follows: Chicago: White alfala, 19-21c. Light amber, 18-19c. White Sage, 22-23. Cincinnati.: California White Sage, 21-23-1. Beeswax, 40-42c. Cleveland: 'Calif. White Clover, 22-23c. Kansas City: Extracted, Calif., 20c. New York: California. White Sage, 23-25c. White Orange, 23-24c. Light amber alfalfa, 18Y20c. New "York clover, 21-23. Buckwheat 11-67c. Porto Rico per gallon, $1.50. Beeswax, light, 44-45; dark, 42-43. Denver: White, 18-19c. Light amber, 1718c. Beeswax, 38c cash; 40c trade. Philadelphia: Southern amber, 21c. Light Ar 92o IFv-onn ami-ior I'no1-1 A+ York clor, 17 1-2 to In anofficer to adbe getting into stro Medina: 350 pou Chicago: One cc of New Mexico. Cincinnati: One ;New York: No n~ti t report seem very light. iost of the honey seems to ger, ha nds. .ds of Ohio honey arrived. California and one car 20c. St. Louis: Southern amber, 15-16c. In barrels; 14-15c. Beeswax, 40c. This shows a remarkable variation in price. Take for instance the item of Southern Amber Extracted honey and compare St. Louis and Califor estic ai We Are In the Market For Every P found xas Do Not Sell a ead Every Word On This Page. Cooperation Pays. irehouse Plan: ber of the Association needs sametime wants to assist in lus honey off the market, he ce it at any cash. price, but warehouse plan. The honey only, and packed .only in d to an Antonio and placed house. It is assigned to the becomes the property of the he bonded warehouse receipt ,al security with the Federal id 60 per cent of the market vTT ;Q .hr-rnra A vrn a ii *4 rrt e1sfi FORHONE k We are paying spot cash for all the Extracted Honey we can get. Send sample cases P mail. The Association Selling Plan: The member. notifies the manager how many pounds of honey he has and whether comb or extracted. Shiipping instructions are given The member labels the honey with the Lone Star Label and sends the bills of lading to. our office. When the honey is paid for, usually within thirty days, and always inside of sixty days, the member is sent a check for the entire arnount received forhis honey, less a 5 per cent commission which he pays to the Association. Under this plan 'he always receives at least 1 cent per pound more on his honey-than any dealer pays and often as much as 5 cents per pound more. The margin today between the Association plan It pure Plans Explained: I le Case You Have N .e

PAGE 15

B EEPERS I THEL Morc and more beekeepers are re chamber for extracted honey prod We have, ourselves, for years use Dadant Hive, however, did not w its large telescope cover and co and, moreover, it did not lend itse It is with the objectt of combinin economy of contsruction and avail evolved and now offer A THE MODIFY 4 j.. The regular ten-frame Langstroth andI percent larger aerea in the broo ITS ADVANTAGES. 1. A deep fra queen. 2. A lirge, compact br dating the most piolific queen spacing o' frames. 4. E:'eie A..chamber .and large clustering s of the standard Langstroth sup ITS CONSTRUCTION: -Eleven fram N. RGE H VE alizing the value of a hive with large brood action. d and advocated a large hive. The original in favor with a majority, of beekeepers since mplex construction made it very 'expensive; if readily to the use of Langstroth equipment. ig all the. advantages of the large hive with ilability of existing equipment that we have ED DADANT HIVE Colorado: A firmi a r*! izing the trade on hoi cases of light amber to car lots and 18c 1. c. I 270 cases white to very at 17 1-2c. Fort Collim ber honey mixed with 16c. At Arboles 225 c A clover is offered at 16c 4 10-lb pails is offered f K*4 17c. Califorhia: Under de Los, Angeles shipper z ber alfalfa 16c, alfalf ber mesquite15 1-2c. teed to Dec. 1st. Another Los Angel 'I Modified Dadant Hive compared. The latter has a forty d chamber yet costs approximately only 25% more. me to conform to the egg-laying circle of the ood-chamber in one-story capable of accomirto-' 1. 3 Ample ventilation by means, of 'I -%inch ant for wintering on account of large broodspace. 5. Swarm control. 6Allows free .use ers or bodies for storage room," ies Langstroth length and Quimby depth, spaced brothers will succeed in p order and become a 'real as the other large West doing. New frames in shallow supers. WRITE TODAY FOR -DESCRIPTIVE BOOKLET AND. PRICES. DA DA NT&s0N a Ham ion,' 11 15 Please 'Mention THE BEEKEEPERS ITEMwhen Writing Adv ertisers.To Section Comb Honey Prod icers We can dispense with the following slightly used and new items at a very low f. o. ). here. By referring to supply catalogs you can readily understand thp items and price comparisons. 400 3%x5x 11 plain sections, new---------------------2.00 300 slotted section holder$, 41/1 sections............. -...........0---5.0 _plain section holders, for 41 sections......1.75 0 plain ideal section slats----.-..-..---------1.00 200 slotted wood separators, 414 sections..................-..----1.50 100 fence separators, 44, sections------..... 1.75 200 Ideal fence separators --.......-...-----3.00 200 Hvde-Scholl slotted separators, wood----.-----------3.00' 3m ry t--u ni ,"otted separators, tin ... .. ..-.....---------6.00 2 Section presses, for all sizes, each. ----.20 1 Scholl, foundation fastener, for all sizes............. ..............50 Jr -r l -barelsto Holland and 13 bar of. Italy --Netherlands Norway, -------------------Sweden ----------, -Canada Central American-taV1 China X All Others----------price, make Total REORGANIZING ,On IT.i it tant gatl from the THE BE:

PAGE 16

TE M the If ir aI a full and completeAli cans. named as follows for p: n Antonio: off a. a. ( BEE THV iction top..-.....$1.50 iction tops .....------1.35 etion top.......------1.20 t. screw top ........ 1.50 mb, Doubletite 1.80 top200-5's 100-10's 6.50 .9.00 per case per per per perper per case case case case crate, crate SiUBS C R IDE Snd, Beekepers Our Advertis knowing from comes-mentio writing. ( U-, a question of whether the National r die.. The National 'will live, but activities will be modified to suit o the.beekeepers it represents. from all You dan vs We allow a five per 'cent discount on cash orders in October. sections ion. It is incum to -take **Hovv" Elookelets somoe twombooklets at 5e each which every beekeeper should tanning his 1920 profits. The titles are: "HowTo es Outdoors' and 'How To Use Comb Foundation." part of the Lewis Pocket Library of 11 booklets all ts9K.2 Look I~N~ N A For I This Where you get your Mark BEWARE s in the in the b I ofi per bona crateljo. buy Ated. comb honey I Test ies. 'Forewarned is forearmed;'' ] season's goods at lower prides now. LII 1' T PV, ry Yo pl


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