Citation
A Guide for Redeveloping Impoverished Rural Communities in Hot and Humid Climates

Material Information

Title:
A Guide for Redeveloping Impoverished Rural Communities in Hot and Humid Climates
Creator:
Blignaut, Stefan
Place of Publication:
[Gainesville, Fla.]
Publisher:
Department of Landscape Architecture, College of Design, Construction and Planning, University of Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
Undergraduate Honors Thesis

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Architectural design ( jstor )
Climate models ( jstor )
Design analysis ( jstor )
Farms ( jstor )
Hills ( jstor )
Home ownership ( jstor )
Homes ( jstor )
Living conditions ( jstor )
Project design ( jstor )
Work credits ( jstor )

Notes

Abstract:
This project's intent is to provide an alternate means of development for impoverished, rural communities in hot and humid climates. A site was selected in the Dominican Republic by way of a mission opportunity. Nine related families (approximately 40 people) live on the 0.65 acre site at the foot of a hill. This site is located in the Samana province in the Dominican Republic near the town of Rancho Espanol. ( ,, )
Abstract:
Over a third of the Dominican Republic lives in poverty ($1.25 a day or less) and most are located in rural areas. According to borgenproject.org "the rural poverty rate is about three times as high as the urban poverty rate." Due to the extreme poverty of the area few people can afford transportation. Income is generated through transient work as tour guides for a local attraction.
Abstract:
Food is the primary concern of those living in these conditions. The little money they make is used to buy food to supplement gathering fruits. Sanitation, comfort, and social interactions are also important needs that should be addressed.
General Note:
Landscape Architecture capstone project
General Note:
Undergraduate Honors Thesis

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Stefan Blignaut. Permission granted to the University of Florida to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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Full Text

PAGE 1

Undergraduate Landscape Architecture Capstone University of Florida Stefan BlignautA Guide for Redeveloping Impoverished Rural Communities in Hot and Humid Climates

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Acknowledgements 1I would like to thank my parents for all the support and love. Thanks to all my classmates for the amazing 4 years together.

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Contents 2 5 Approach 6 Analysis 22 Synthesis 25 Design Development 28 Renderings 33 Conclusion

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Project Introduction 3This projects intent is to provide an alternate means of development Nine related families (approximately 40 people) live on the 0.65 acre site at the foot of a hill. The site is located in the Samana province in the Site

PAGE 5

Goals and Objectives 4Goal 2 Create a guide for designing and approaching similar projects in similar climates design + Detail design determinents for main program features + Provide a space for children to play + Accomodate trash and waste disposal

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Analysis + Culture + Context + Climate + Site + Program + Vernacular Architecture + Sun + Wind Synthesis + Concept Development + Site plan + DetailsApproach 5

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Analysis 6

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Cultural Analysis 7 Dominicans are family oriented and very social in their daily lives. Most family homes have porches that act as an extension of the living Dominicans are ver happy.

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Context 8 The surrounding area is very rural with rolling hills Two similar communites in size and sociotown. Community Community Site Rancho

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Climate 9 8 in Rainfall Temperature4 in 0 in

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Site Analysis 10 the site and is the entry point of the site. The and are not necessary to keep. The topography is farmland to the west of the site. Winter and July and August. SteepestSite Inventory Topography Analysis Climate and Views Analysis

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Site Images 11

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Farmland 13

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Gathering Space 16

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Circulation 14+ Should connect the most important features of the site + Design for most direct routes + Work with the terrain

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Compost and Trash 15Compost Trash

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Childrens Play Area 16 + In view of homes for security

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Composting Latrine 17 + Should not excede 50 residents per latrine

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Vernacular Architecture 18 construct the homes. These materials do well to shelter the heat. homes are approximately 20 x 30 and have a small Bedroom Bedroom Room

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Sun Analysis 19 cool the roof. hits the walls most directly. Heat Sinks 9AM 1PM 5PM

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Wind Analysis 20 general understanding of how wind moves aerodynamics can result in a much more pleasant trees to convey wind downward will maximize the side. Trees can funnel the wind down. Wind Flow Under Trees Aerodynamics

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Building Layout Goals 21 wind and reducing exposure to the sun. Semi-enclosed Breezeway

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Synthesis 22

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Building Layout Synthesis 23 North Cluster South Cluster were separated into two clusters and oriented usage. The diagrams convey how wind moves through the clusters and where shade falls during

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Concept 24The concept is the synthesis of the analysis diagrams. Two clusters of housing are separated according to the guidelines. North Cluster Space 50 25 0 Drainage South Cluster

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Design Development 25

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Site Plan 26 50 25 0 Drainage

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Details 27 1' 6" 2' Poured Concrete #4 Rebar 12' 4" Compacted Agregate Base Finished Grade 1' 3' 1' 1'-6" 3' 9" Concrete Footer #4 Rebar Grass 12' 4" Compacted Agregate Base Finished Grade 2' 1' 6" 2' Poured Concrete #4 Rebar 12' 4" Compacted Agregate Base Finished Grade 1' 3' 1' 1'-6" 3' 9" Concrete Footer #4 Rebar Grass 12' 4" Compacted Agregate Base Finished Grade 2' gathering space.

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Renderings 28

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Illustrative 29Legend 5 Compost 6 Trash 3 6 5 2 2 2 2 2 4 50 25 Drainage

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Elevations 30 north cluster from the west and the lower west. 20

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Renderings

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Renderings 31

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Conclusion 33

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Impact 34Supplemented Income + Transparent to allow light into the home keeping the inside of the home cooler thatch Supplemented Food + Mangos + Coconuts yields 50 coconuts per tree yields total of 300 coconuts


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