Citation
Solares Hill

Material Information

Title:
Solares Hill
Alternate Title:
Solares Hill newspaper
Place of Publication:
Key West, Fla
Publisher:
Solares Hill Pub. Co.
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
1971
Frequency:
Weekly[<1997>]
Biweekly[ FORMER 1971-]
weekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 35-36 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Key West (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Monroe County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Florida -- Key West ( fast )
Florida -- Monroe County ( fast )
Genre:
Newspapers. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Newspapers ( fast )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Monroe -- Key West

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 15-Mar. 1, 1971)-
General Note:
"The highest point in Key West."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services (UFDC@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
36829607 ( OCLC )
sn 97027737 ( LCCN )
ocm36829607

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Th e highes t •poin t i n Ke y Wes t FRE E Vol . II , No . 2 Ke y West , Florid a December , 197 6 • I 1

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I I TO P of the £ CONCH A • tl^O * IN N UVA L STREE T KE * WEST , FLORID A Panorami c Vie w — Al l Ke y Wes t Luncheo n Special s fo r Businessmen , Shoppers , ^_, Tourist s FS? ^ Monda y thr u Frida y , \ Enjo y you r Favorit e blan d Cocktail s "Everyda y U: W a.m . -4:00a.m . Cyran o coul d hav e use d a large r glass . O r a smalle r nose . PHILLIP'S FINE WINES 614 DUVAL STREET BARO N PHILIPP E D E ROTHSCHIL D LOUI S LATOU R WILDMA N MIRASSD N ALMADE N B& G PAU L MASSO N SEBASTIAN I INGLENOO K CHRISTIA N BROTHER S and many other fine imported and domestic brands CHAMPAGN E MU M (CORDO N ROUGE ) PIPER-HEIDSIEC K RENE " LALO U DO M PERIGNO N WEIBE L I n beautifu l Guil d Hal l Ope n I I A.M . unti l 1 0 P.M . Monda y Saturda y Noon-10:0 0 P.M . Sunda y 42 5 Green e Stree i • Ke y West , Florid a 3304 0 Fro m th e Edito r Wow! 3 2 pages our biggest issue yet. We could probably have gone to 36 pages this time but we lacked the manpower. This will also be our biggest printing 15,000 ccpies.' We still have not heard from Tallahassee officially about Rest Beach. Bowever, there has been no indication that they oar. help us and we are still waiting for a letter to explain to us why they oan't. As soon as we have a letter* we will put it in Solares Hill. What a treat! A cover by Susie de Poo and a Solares Bill Christmas greeting drawn by her talented daughter, Martha. We'd like to thank Art Gates for giving us permission to run one of his Christmas cartoons and we'd like to thank Charlie Munder, President of the Key West Historical Society, for permission to rerun Colin Jameson's excellent article that appeared in the Society's magazine years ago. Our layout man, Tom Pope, took off for the Thanksgiving holidays and Scotty Hillman laid out Solares Will this time. Her ideas and hard work and beautiful job are much appreciated. I hope that we will have an article on the problems at the country club for OUT next issue. Certainly the city should keep possession of the club house and see that it is properly run, A well run country club is very important in a tourist community. Anyone who would like to submit poetry, articles, and original drawings can leave them at 821 Duval Street and we will pick them up. We are interested in getting more people of the community writing and drawing for us . We do not pay a lot for work submitted to us but we do pay something. Try us. Key West made its debut in the U.S. Volleyball Association competition in Miami on November 13 and finished in a respectable third place. The team's next step or. the circuit was Sarasota and again the team finished third in a field of ten. The following Key Westers are on the team: Jiw Solanik (Captain and Coach); Larry Pennacchia; Emsel Mac; Seu/t . cj*$*£% 100 % UNBLEACHE D COTTO N MUSLI N SIZES : Smal l • Mediu m • Larg o S25pp d +la x BO X 4003 , KE Y WEST , FLORID A 3304 0

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i FO R A UNIQU E SELECTIO N O F INTERNATIONA L MERCHANDIS E FURNITUR E FABRIC S POTTER Y BASKET S KAFTAN S GOWN S SHIRT S TIE S JEWELR Y 52 0 Fron t Stree t 296-334 3 Ope n 9:3 0 t o 5:3 0 dail y AR E CHRISTMA S PRESENT S YOU R WATERLO O ? Selec t a fin e Antique Print fo r tha t specia l someon e fro m ou r exclusiv e collectio n o f rar e an d earl y graphic s • RONAL D D . RUBI N • 51 8 Elizabet h Stree t Ke y West , Florid a 3304 0 296-312 9 1 2 Noo n S P.M . an d evening s b y appointmen t nam e fo r Scotlan d an d i t i s doubtfu l tha t sh e wa s Scottish . Th e corne r o f Flemin g an d Duva l b y Kres s wa s he r territor y an d i t wa s her e tha t he r tal l thi n fram e coul d usuall y b e see n re posin g o r dancin g alon g th e sidewal k lik e som e latterda y Isador a Dunca n i n costume s whic h change d almos t b y th e hour . Althoug h sh e sometime s affecte d a man' s ha t an d shos s o r boots , "CALE DONIA " usuall y mad e he r ow n clothes , generall y shapeles s frock s wit h onl y ar m an d nec k hole s an d th e fabric s runnin g t o brigh t colore d silk s an d satins . Ribbon s an d bow s o f ever y im aginabl e hu e wer e a favorit e decorativ e motif , no t onl y o n th e man y braid s int o whic h he r hai r wa s styled , bu t a t rando m point s abou t he r garments . Clerk s i n Kres s an d othe r fiv e an d ten s cringe d whe n the y sa w he r approac h fo r i t usuall y mean t tha t sh e intende d t o mak e a pur chase . A hal f yar d o f eac h colo r o f ribbo n i n stoc k wa s th e usua l request , an d afte r thi s tediou s ordea l th e cler k ha d t o wai t whil e "CALEDONIA " unwrappe d he r mone y (eac h coi n wa s individuall y wrappe d i n a separat e shee t o f toile t tissue ) an d pai d th e bill . "CALEDONIA " enjoye d compliment s abou t he r attire , bu t wo e t o th e un suspectin g touris t o r loca l tha t sh e caugh t starin g a t her ! "An d wha t i n hil l ar e yo u lookin ' at? " wa s he r usua l remark , an d i f sh e didn' t lik e theanswe r i t wa s usuall y followe d b y a barrag e o f colorfu l expletives . Thos e whos e sensi bilitie s wer e easil y offende d wer e quic k t o fle e th e scene . Ever y famil y tre e ma y hav e it s hors e thie f hidde n awa y amon g it s branches , bu t Ke y Wes t ha d a n accom plishe d chicke n thie f i n bygon e days . "KAT Y GRAY " o r "KITT Y GRAY " a s h e seem s t o hav e bee n equall y know n go t hi s nick nam e fro m hi s associatio n wit h a woma n o f questionabl e reput e o f tha t name . Hi s infatuatio n apparentl y wen t throug h variou s stage s includin g runnin g awa y wit h her . B y professio n "KATY " wa s a hac k driver , th e horse-draw n equivalen t o f today' s taxicab , bu t hi s respectabl e facad e o f suitcoat , ha t an d whit e shir t wa s marre d b y a n apparen t inabilit y t o ti e a straigh t necktie . No t onl y wer e th e end s grossl y uneven , bu t th e ti e wa s neve r centere d o n hi s neck . Th e Jewelr y repaire d restore d mad e t o orde r Harbo r Hous e Arcad e 42 3 Fron t Stree t sui t jacke t wa s a n importan t part , o f hi s act , however , an d i t wa s quickl y remove d whe n a stra y chicke n cam e int o sight . H e wa s caugh t i n th e ac t durin g on e o f hi s Saturda y nigh t "foray s i n th e vicinit y o f St . Mary' s Sta r o f th e Se a o n Truma n Avenue . A s h e fle d h e droppe d tw o bag s o f chicken s whic h scattere d int o th e night . Th e nex t mornin g whe n th e pries t cam e int o th e churc h to . begi n mas s h e wa s shocke d t o se e a rooste r an d severa l hen s sittin g o n th e fron t pew . A s th e rooste r crowe d awa y th e churc h bega n t o fil l wit h Sunda y mornin g worshippers , bu t i t soo n appeare d clea r t o th e pries t tha t h e coul d no t compet e wit h th e crowin g rooster . Som e per ceptiv e individua l i n th e congregatio n recognize d th e chickens , an d thei r owner s wer e soo n located . The y cam e an d remove d them , an d th e mas s wen t o n uninterrupted . "KAT Y GRAY'S " proficienc y a t chick e n thiever y wa s legendar y I n Ke y West , an d i t i s estimate d tha t durin g hi s perio d o f activit y h e stol e hundred s o f chicken s fro m Ke y Wes t backyards . Th e marve l i s tha t h e coul d d o i t with ou t a cackle ! Speculatio n wa s tha t h e fe d th e fow l cor n whic h ha d bee n soake d i n Aguardiente , a Cuba n liquor , whic h mad e the m put.u p littl e resistance . •FOOTNOTE S 1 . A lo w car t o r wago n wit h removabl e side s constructe d fo r heav y loads . 2 . Ke y Wes t a t th e tim e ha d severa l "gangs " o r group s o f youn g peopl e wh o wer e differentiate d largel y b y neighborhoods : Whit e Stree t i n th e are a o f th e Armor y wa s th e territor y o f th e "Armor y Hellcats" ; Newto n Stree t ha d it s "Hel l Stree t Gang" ; Th e mangrov e swam p fille d are a sout h o f Truma n Avenu e (the n Divisio n Street ) ha d it s "Swam p Gang" ; th e Nort h en d o f Whit e Stree t whic h a t th e tim e ha d mor e coastlin e an d a beac h ha d it s "Sandcrabs, " an d "Tomm y Russell' s Gang " mad e "it s headquarter s i i th e are a aroun d Margare t an d Southard . fin e food s an d delicacie s 90 1 Whit e St . Tel . 294-977 3 W e no w hav e a n elegan t selectio n o f win e an d champagn e an d bee r t o ac compan y you r holida y pleasure ; cheese s an d biscuits ; simpl e an d charmin g mail awa y gifts ; an d gif t basket s overflowin g wit h you r choic e o f mouth-waterin g delight s fro m everywhere . Le t u s hel p yo u exhaus t you r Xma s lis t wit h deliciou s gifts . Dail y 10:0 0 6:3 0 Sunda y 10:0 0 1:0 0 . Close d Monda y JIMM Y CARTER : Bac k The n b y Bil l Brya n FIRST , a fe w disclaimers : I a m a supporter , wa s fro m th e ver y beginning , o f Jimm y Carter . Second , althoug h I "know " Carter , w e aren' t friend s b y an y stretc h o f whateve r tha t ter m ma y mea n t o you ; I kne w hi m strictl y o n a pro fessiona l basi s — h e a s a politician , I a s a journalis t — briefl y bu t inti matel y si x lon g year s ago . Carte r wa s the n .runnin g fo r th e governor' s sea t in . Georgi a an d I wa s assigne d t o follo w hi m aroun d th e stat e durin g par t of"th e te n da y run-of f cam paig n agains t forme r Gov . Car l Sanders . Al l told , I probabl y spen t th e bette r part o f fou r day s an d night s wit h Car te r an d hi s immediat e entourage . Th e othe r tim e I followe d Sanders . Othe r tha n a fe w clippings , I mus t trus t t o m y memor y because , unfortunately , I save d n o notebook s fro m th e period . Whe n th e assignmen t cam e m y way , I wa s fo r Sanders , wh o wa s th e know n quan tit y an d apparentl y the"mor e libera l o f th e tw o men . Pu t wit h th e Sander s part y first' , I wa s no t particularl y im presse d b y hi s campaign . Whe n I switche d ove r t o th e Carte r camp , I sense d imme diatel y I wa s travellin g wit h a winner . CARTE R wa s confident , h e wa s pur posefu l an d h e worke d har d a t tha t pur pose : gettin g vote s b y meetin g people , everyda y peopl e al l ove r th e stat e face to-face , an d makin g sur e tha t h e wa s o n th e righ t sid e o f th e issue s a s fa r a s a majorit y o f th e Georgi a electorat e wa s concerned . Hi s confidenc e and , I migh t say , brillianc e a t a one-on-on e meetin g wit h th e ma n o n th e street , th e perso n out sid e th e factor y gate , etc. , wa s t o m e totall y amazing . T o cal l i t a performanc e migh t b e misleading ; i t wa s evidenc e o f dedicatio n an d stamina , o f single-mind ednes s o f purpos e whic h wa s t o stan d hi m i n goo d stea d whe n h e decide d t o shoo t fo r th e Presidency . Jimm y ( I can' t ver y wel l recal l i f I eve r calle d hi m that ) wa s charming , graciou s an d well-mannere d — i n a wor d "Southern " — withou t bein g stick y o r Ol d South , s o t o speak . Yo u ha d a feel in g h e wa s righ t i n ther e amon g th e shin y ne w bree d o f Dee p Sout h pols , Bumpers , Askew , e t al . AN D THI S bring s m e t o anothe r point : a s a libera l an d forme r Atlanta n the n livin g i n a n urba n are a (Augusta) , I wasn' t foole d b y Carter' s appea l t o th e conser vativ e rura l area s o f th e state ; i t wa s quit e eas y t o se e u p clos e h e wa s a pro gressiv e i n th e populis t mol d and , further more , I migh t eve n sa y a perso n o f spe cia l talen t an d ambitiousnes s wh o woul d go far . No w yo u migh t sa y tha t i s eas y fo r m e t o sa y this , i n hin d sight , bu t SAIL S CANVA S REPAI R 517/ J DUVA L ST./KING S POIN T MARINA/KE Y WES T I' m no t makin g i t u p today . I d o remem be r feelin g tha t wa y abou t hi m al l along . Yo u als o migh t hav e noticed . I'v e shifte d awa y fro m usin g th e wor d "charisma " — terribl y over-worke d anywa y — concernin g Carter . I trul y don' t thin k i t applies , an d I'v e give n th e matte r mor e tha n cas ua l though t an d discusse d i t wit h friend s durin g th e Presidentia l campaig n jus t completed . However , I woul d sa y ther e definitel y i s a n inne r calm , som e hav e calle d i t "steeliness, " a s i n toughnes s o f character , whic h surel y i s a par t o f th e Carte r make-up . Yo u ma y b e specula tiv e o r sur e o f wher e thi s trai t come s from , hi s churc h an d faith , Mis s Lillia n (hi s utterl y wonderfu l an d fantasticall y rea l Mama ) o r wher e ever , bu t none-the les s b e assure d it' s ther e an d i t wil l mak e hi m a "strong " President , a s h e ha s state d himsel f an d o f tha t 1 a m sure . I can' t hel p bu t add , too , tha t ther e wa s wa y bac k the n i n 197 0 thos e ever-presen t Buck y Beave r teeth . He' d flas h thos e incisor s o n yo u an d yo u coul d no t hel p bu t b e dazzled . T o mak e a lon g stor y short , th e electio n wa s held , Carte r won , an d the n wo n agai n mor e easil y agains t th e Re publica n an d becam e hea d o f th e state . H e mad e a rathe r fin e governor , I believ e .. . nothin g spectacular , mind , bu t mor e tha n competen t i n th e Nixo n er a o r i n th e histor y o f som e mor e recen t admini stration s i n m y hom e state . WHA T ca n on e sa y abou t th e fou r year s Jimm y wa s governor ? Ver y little , really , excep t perhap s tha t hi s middl e o f th e roa d course , neithe r to o libera l or " conservativ e i n term s o f th e tota l Georgi a electorate , mad e fo r a cas e o f th e "blahs " becaus e h e was , i n general , s o stead y o n th e wheel , lo w profil e an d politick . Probabl y thi s wa s jus t hi s natur e expressin g itsel f i n th e publi c man , bu t i t wa s goo d politic s a s well . O n th e immoralit y o f th e Vietna m war , fo r instance , Carter' s positio n wa s fuzz y an d lat e t o th e sid e o f th e anti-wa r forces , an d the n whe n th e U.S . Arm y fi nall y hel d itsel f accountabl e fo r crimi na l act s i n th e Asia n engagemen t b y con victin g Lt . Willia m Law s Calley , Jr . o f massacrin g a t leas t 2 2 unarme d men , wome n an d childre n a t M y La i 4 , Jimm y Carte r proclaime d America n Fightin g Man' s Da y i n th e stat e — seemin g t o bac k Calle y a s a "scapegoat " becaus e s o man y Geor gian s wer e dismaye d b y th e proceedin g then ( goin g o n i n Columbus . Wha t I a m sayin g i s tha t Carter' s policie s ma y b e a t on e an d th e sam e tim e th e embodimen t o f th e politic s o f "love " an d a sor t o f planne d (programmed ) ration alizatio n o f issues , som e o f whic h ma y hav e a stron g mora l componen t t o them . Hi s action s ar e no t designe d to , an d I CAND Y QUE E M <&M~ > v£ HlJIT SHIPPING S 1 ;N 1 % 1 1 ^^b^fe3Pr ^ cf l F FO R YOU R HOLIDA Y GIFT S J » V Home-nrtBd e Fudg e — Boxe d an d Loos e Chocolate s — Domesti c an d Importe d )ff Sweet s (Dieteti c a s well ) " > Hour s 1 0 A M f a 5 P M 3j(^t.,-* v Telephon e 305-296-288 5 L ? PIRATE S ALLE Y KE Y WEST , FLORID A Ke y Wes t Islan d Bookstor e 4e% Cfouthnas 619 « Duva l St . 294290 4

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fabulou s lunche s an d dinner s dail y excep t sunda y Com e int o th e dancin g ever y nigh t an d sunda y afternoo n fo r te a restauran t & discotequ e ELEGANCE WITHOUT EXTRA VAGANCE wil l no t pleas e everyon e becaus e althoug h h e i s a t bas e a man , a s the y say , o f hig h mora l principles , h e seem s t o m e t o b e give n t o compromis e an d workin g thing s ou t fo r th e bes t o f al l partie s concerne d (withi n a give n "system, " b e tha t th e Sout h o r th e corporat e bod y o f hi s ow n church) , withou t grandstan d play s o n mora l issue s a s thoug h ther e wa s a wi n o r no wi n situation . Th e recen t issu e o f in tegration , I believe , whe n Carter' s home tow n Baptis t Churc h vote d t o admi t blacks , i s a fin e exampl e o f hi s bran d o f leadershi p a t it s successfu l best . I wen t "bac k t o dail y new s reportin g fa r fro m th e Capito l scen e an d sa w ver y littl e o f Carter . But , ther e wa s on e memorabl e tim e I mus t mention . I t wa s toward s th e en d o f hi s ter m an d h e cam e t o ou r par t o f th e stat e o n wha t hi s offic e bille d a s a Listenin g Tou r t o ge t th e puls e o f th e people . Anyway , I wen t t o se e an d hea r Carte r a t a dinner on-the-ground s celebratio n a t a histori c Baptis t churc h wa y ou t i n th e country . I kne w thi s "nec k o f th e woods " prett y wel l becaus e I wen t th e 30-mile s ou t t o th e count y sea t o f Applin g onc e a mont h t o cove r th e boar d o f commis sioner s meeting . Althoug h on e edg e o f th e county , th e on e adjacen t t o August a an d it s count y o f Richmon d wa s quickl y becomin g urbanize d wit h wha t w e kno w a s "whit e flight, " th e ol d wa y o f doin g thing s stil l prevailed , wit h wha t use d t o b e calle d "th e woo l ha t boys " firml y i n control . Nee d I the n tel l yo u tha t thes e ar e peopl e whos e conservatis m an d racis m an d narrow-mindednes s are , fo r th e mos t part , in-grow n an d strongl y hel d frame s o f reference . A t an y rate , Jimm y cam e ou t ther e amon g them , at e thei r food , glad-hande d the m an d then , i n effect , sinc e h e i s a la y preacher , gav e a power fu l sermo n o n lovin g thos e ver y sam e person s who m thes e folk s looke d dow n o n s o sternl y an d strictl y — especiall y th e Blacks . Carte r pu t i t t o the m clear l y i n a languag e the y coul d relat e to , an d i n n o uncertai n terms . A t th e sam e time , h e wa s candi d abou t himsel f an d hi s conversio n t o th e socia l gospel , with ou t bein g syrup y o r soundin g sanctimon ious . Th e experience , again , marke d Jimm y Carte r a s a ma n t o watch , a s fa r a s I wa s concerned , an d event s hav e prove d th e validit y o f tha t impression . WHA T KIN D o f Presiden t wil l h e be ? I reall y couldn' t sa y fo r sure . I vote d fo r hi m an d backe d hi m fro m th e ver y momen t h e announce d fo r th e office , whe n ther e wer e othe r Democrat s i n th e fiel d wit h who m I wa s perhap s i n close r poli tica l affinity . Yet , Jimm y wa s a Geor gian , a Southerner , an d what' s mor e I fel t sur e h e ha d a ver y excellen t sho t a t th e whol e thing , wherea s som e o f th e mor e libera l one s di d no t (again , her e I wa s converte d b y hi s inne r cal m an d outwar d confidence , th e mar k o f a winner) . I hop e wit h al l m y heart , o f course , tha t h e wil l mak e a ver y fin e one . WHA T CAN'Ke y Wes t expec t fro m Car ter , i n term s o f hi s effec t locally ? Th e Corp s o f Engineers , wh o pla y suc h a vita l rol e i n th e Key s an d Sout h Florida , wil l fin d a Presiden t wh o doesn' t lik e everythin g the y hav e traditionall y stoo d for , an d wil l fin d i t harde r t o ac t a s • a n agenc y apart . An d o n environmenta l issue s i n general , Carte r wil l b e muc h mor e strongl y o n th e sid e o f natur e an d planne d development , rathe r tha n uncon trolle d growt h an d th e bi g mone y con tractor s . H e i s known , a s well , t o favo r histori c preservation , an d th e heritag e o f Ke y West' s conc h architectur e coul d b e th e beneficiar y o f futur e federa l pro gram s i n tha t area , a n encouragemen t man y restorer s o f ol d building s an d home s wil l fin d highl y welcome . Carte r ha s promise d t o giv e immed iat e assistanc e i n term s o f ne w federa l program s i f th e unemploymen t rat e re main s hig h whe n h e take s over . And , al though th e figure s fo r Octobe r i n Monro e Count y sho w th e jobles s rat e dow n severa l percentag e point s ove r a yea r ago , ther e shoul d b e man y her e wh o woul d appreciat e suc h a n effor t o n thei r behalf . Th e fat e o f th e militar y establish men t i n Ke y Wes t remain s highl y debatable . Wha t effec t Carte r wil l hav e o n th e closin g o r retentio n o f th e Nava l Ai r Statio n a t Boc a Chic a i s anybody' s guess . Bu t Jimm y ha s le t i t b e know n h e hate s wast e an d bureaucrati c bloat , especiall y i n th e Pentagon . Therefore , i f I ha d t o bet , I' d sa y th e chance s ar e bette r unde r Carte r tha t th e Nav y wil l go . O n th e questio n o f establishin g norma l relation s wit h Cuba , somethin g whic h coul d hav e vas t influenc e o n th e futur e o f Ke y West , i t woul d b e eas y t o speculat e an d b e entirel y wrong . Bu t m y hunc h i s tha t w e wil l se e tha t da y soone r unde r a Carte r administratio n tha n w e eve r woul d hav e unde r For d an d Kiss inger . I n fact , I woul d sa y i t migh t b e comin g rathe r soon . CARTE R IS , b y hi s ow n read y admis sion , a ma n wh o love s t o fish . Mayb e w e ca n ge t hi m dow n here , lure d b y th e prospec t o f brigh t off-shor e water s teamin g wit h fish . So , com e o n down , Jimmy , th e Presidentia l gate s ar e your s com e January ! DINNE R 5:3 0 -11:0 0 P.M . Openin g Decembe r 1 7 JOHNN Y PRITCHAR 0 A T TH E PIAN O COCKTAIL S I N TH E WES T INDIE S LOUNG E BREAKFAS T 7:00-l];0 0 A.M . LUNC H NOON-2:1 5 P.M . 140 1 Simonto n Stree t Ke y West , Florid a MPJfN E BEULE' 5 NURSER f s /a ^ fi • * Aft 4 hanging PLANT S RENTE D [maintenance included] Care-free rente-plant service for your office, restaurant, party, wedding, etc. Ke y West' s Firs t Annua l Poincian a Lea f Slidin g Contes t b y Ra y Daniel s B e i t resolve d a s o f thi s annu m 197 6 an d eac h yea r after , tha t ther e b e hel d a contes t b y whic h grea t spiri t shal l manifes t itsel f purel y fo r th e as pect s o f furtherin g th e spiri t o f America n competitio n an d sportsmanshi p an d i t shal l b e know n as , "Th e Ke y Wes t Annua l Poinci an a Lea f Slidin g Contest. " I n th e modifie d competitio n I a m awardin g a ti e t o tw o gentleme n fro m Canada . Thi s decisio n wa s fo r thei r un daunte d enthusias m afte r havin g entere d i n th e stoc k clas s (unknown't o the m a t th e time ) a s the y wer e merel y tryin g t o remai n uprigh t afte r tw o o r thre e fals e slips . The y the n she d sandal s an d flip flop s an d starte d slidin g barefoo t i n earnest . T o se e thi s grea t America n con tes t wo n b y tw o Canadian s i n it s firs t yea r brough t tear s t o m y eyes . Wer e onl y th e ol d an d unwar y goin g t o slid e int o competition ? Wher e wer e th e trul y grea t poincian a lea f slider s o f America ? The n a jo y t o behol d a larg e heavy-dut y lad y in . he r lat e thirtie s cam e by , looke d suspiciousl y a t th e cours e an d wit h grea t disdai n entere d th e stoc k Thi s contes t i s t o b e hel d approxi matel y 2 0 fee t fro m Ray' s Bik e Sho p nea r Won g Son g Alle y o n tw o adjoinin g slab s o f slic k sidewal k designate d a s th e slide . Jus t i n fron t o f thes e tw o slab s i s a roug h sla b know n a s th e approach . Afte r a goo d lea f droppin g fro m th e poincian a tre e an d the n a moderat e rain , , th e slid e become s read y fo r th e contest >— an t s . v You r 1 s t officia l judg e i s Ra y Daniels , 2 n d officia l judg e i s Thurlo w Weed , 3 r d officia l judg e i s anyon e sill y enoug h t o appl y a t Ray' s Bik e Sho p fo r th e job . Ther e ar e tw o classe s o f entrant s 1 . Stoc k thes e ar e ordinar y peopl e wearin g regula r shoe s (usuall y thes e peo pl e d o no t kno w the y ar e enterin g th e con tes t an d ar e shocke d to . fin d themselve s i n a sudde n lurc h o f unbalance d motion) . 2 . Modifie d Pr o thes e ar e peopl e wh o ar e awar e o f th e fu n o f slidin g o n slip per y surface s am d wea r specia l shoe s o r g o barefoo t t o achiev e mor e slide . A s 1 s t officia l judg e o f K.W.A.P.L.S.C . i t ha s bee n m y pleasur e t o ente r seven tee n peopl e i n th e stoc k competitio n an d eigh t i n th e modified . Th e lac k o f turn ou t ma y b e attribute d t o th e lac k o f rain , lea f fall , publicit y o r al l o f these . competition. . He r for m wa s magnificent . I rate d he r straigh t 9'a . He r arm s flaile d sideways , windmille d a s he r fee t slid . • Sh e maintaine d he r coo l an d bal anc e an d ge t a t leas t a 30-lnc h slide . Afte r he r performanc e sh e offere d m e a smil e an d turne d he r bac k o n tha t grea t performance , walke d thre e step s an d trippe d o n a crac k i n th e sidewalk . Afte r gainin g he r fee t sh e looke d bac k onc e agai n wit h disdain , the n wit h th e tru e grac e an d spiri t o f a n America n sportsperso n sh e "slipped " quietl y awa y awar e tha t eve n i n victor y ther e i s a li'ttl e defeat . otso • 4 j ' k \ '1 i FABRI C WORL D M 61 3 SIMONTO N TEL.294-1773/KE Y WEST.FLA . Inves t i n a fanc y foreig n import ; Mor e econom y (abou t 12 0 mp g more ) tha n a V W Beetle . our s aione an n irvin e ke y wes t holida y greetin g card s w e delive r i n ke y west ! cal l 294-200 7 t o order , ope n 107 ever y da y Fu ! l y automati c transmissio n a s standar d equipment ; yo u coutdn'td o bettero n a Mercede s 45 0 SEL . O t o 2 0 i n 6 0 seconds . (OK , a Porsch e Turb o Carrer a i t isn't. ) Mor e tegroo m lha n a Jagua r XKE . Les s luggag e roo m tha n a n Aud i 10 0 LS . Les s maintenanc e tha n anythin g o n wheel s excep t a Swedis h skateboard , Les s tha n hal f a s man y wheel s a s a Cadilla c Eldorado . Mor e tha n twic e th e lu n o f anythin g els e you'v e bee n driving . Th e PUC H Maxi . 53 1 FLEMIN G STREE T

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Th e ' Cook' s Bazaa r Ou r Specialty : Ke y Lim e Pi e Plat e CONTAININ G .AL L TU B MODER N & MOS T APPHOV f D TOOL S FO R COOKERY , PASTR Y & CONFECTIONAR Y WIT H A S EXCELLEN T COLLECTIO N O F VALUABL E GADGET S BIL L O F FAR E comprisin g DOMESTIC , IMPORTE D & EXOTI C COOKER Y Sahatic r Knne s L i Ctcu m CmLwjr c Chcmc * CoFlc c M.itci s Moul i Graicr s • Chines e H'l U Dillo n Cit e Dei'iinuin g Sv|i|

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    Interior s b y Wand a 50 0 SIMONTO N STREE T 294-960 0 Gingerbrea d Squar e Galler y 90 3 Duva l Th e Keys ' Larges t Galler y Pati o Sculptur e Garde n 'Th e Freezer ' Galler y o f Erotic a Potter y & Ceramic s Wednesday-Sunda y 1 1 t o 6 JOH N J , DWYE R {SPECIALIZE IN SHARK JEWELRY } 62 8 DUVA L STREE T KE Y WES T b y Ji m Coa n Hundred s o f cruisin g sailboat s a yea r pas s throug h Ke y West . Durin g th e pas t fe w months , boater s wh o hav e stoppe d her e o n thei r wa y fro m England , Canada , th e Gul f Coas t an d Caribbea n an d eve n Wisconsi n an d Minnesot a vi a th e Intra coasta l Waterwa y hav e encountere d a blea k situation . Th e Cit y Commissio n passe d Ke y Wes t Ordinanc e 758 givin g th e cit y lega l jurisdictio n ove r boat s anchore d 30 0 fee t fro m ou r shoreline . Consequently , th e Por t an d Transi t Authorit y banne d th e doze n o r s o boat s fro m th e fre e anchor ag e a t th e en d o f Simonto n Stree t an d th e cit y proceede d t o confiscat e an y dinghie s foun d o n th e shore . Th e boater s the n anchore d acros s th e shi p channe l a t Christma s Tre e Islan d bu t weren' t abl e t o com e ashor e a t Simonto n Stree t fo r grocerie s an d supplies . Th e Por t an d Transi t Authorit y sai d thi s wa s don e a s a resul t o f numerou s "confidential " complaints . Th e com plaint s wer e abou t garbag e disposa l (sinc e th e cit y doesn' t hav e a contrac t t o pic k u p garbag e fro m th e ca n b y th e boa t ramp ) an d instance s o f skinn y dippin g an d blockin g th e boa t ramp . However , thi s actio n effecte d al l visitin g yachtsme n sinc e al l th e marina s i n th e are a ar e ful l an d hav e a waitin g list . Th e boa t peopl e organize d themselve s int o th e Simonto n Stree t Yach t Clu b an d a spokesman , E d Bixby , bes t summe d u p thei r plight . "Suppos e a n officia l sai d a mil e o f you r stree t wa s declare d impassable . N o cars , bicycles , walker s wer e t o b e allowe d an d fro m no w o n eac h perso n wa s t o leav e b y th e rear , climbin g fences , goin g throug h bac k yard s an d alley s unti l h e cam e t o a n approve d stree t wher e h e coul d driv e o r walk . "N o reaso n i s give n fo r this , excep t dar k hint s abou t unspeakabl e thing s goin g on , an d thi s i s th e onl y wa y t o preven t the m i n th e future . "Bu t th e stree t look s exactl y a s i t alway s has , an d th e officia l refuse s t o sa y when , i f ever , you r stree t wil l b e agai n declare d passable . Al l you r distan t friend s mus t us e thi s sam e dar k an d twiste d pat h t o visi t you . "Ye t thi s i s a democracy , an d yo u vote d fo r thi s officia l t o represen t you r bes t interests. " Th e Nationa l Boatin g Federatio n offere d hel p s o tha t "thi s unwarrante d an d il l advise d restrictio n ca n b e removed . " Th e Outboar d Boatin g Clu b o f Americ a wrot e tha t the y ha d contacte d Majo r Jac k D . Thompson , Directo r o f Boating . Safety , Florid a Departmen t o f Natura l Resources , i n Talla hassee , t o determin e whethe r Ke y Wes t Ordinanc e 758 i s i n contraventio n o f stat e law . W e hav e referenc e t o a 197 2 Florid a La w whic h amende d Sectio n 371.59 , Florid a Statutes , prohibitin g loca l regulatio n o f vesse l operatio n o n th e Florid a Intracoasta l Waterwa y i n th e interest s o f freedo m o f navigatio n an d statewid e uniformity . Althoug h w e d o no t hav e a detaile d navigatio n char t o f th e Ke y Wes t are a i n thi s office , a s nea r a s w e ca n tel l th e water s surroundin g th e islan d ar e par t o f th e Intracoasta l Waterway . "Ther e ar e also , a s yo u poin t out , question s o f conflic t wit h Federa l Maritim e an d Admiralt y Law , no t t o mentio n violatio n o f riparia n right s i n denyin g dinghie s .an d tender s acces s t o shorelin e property . W e ar e endeavorin g t o ge t som e answer s fro m th e Sevent h Distric t o f th e U.S . Coas t Guar d i n Miami. " IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII I THI S I S i /nre e THI S I S TH E SANDWIC H DEC K Th e SSY C went.t o th e Cit y Commissio n abou t th e proble m an d the y wer e directe d t o th e Por t an d Transi t Authority . Th e initia l meetin g ther e wa s fruitless . Later , however , Chairma n Applerout h sai d that , i f a writte n proposa l wer e submitte d i t woul d b e give n a hearing . I n fact , h e an d Mgr . Fran k Veli z sai d tha t i f th e grou p gav e the m somethin g positiv e the y woul d listen , se t u p a specia l hearin g i f necessar y an d tr y t o help . The n o n Wednesday , Novembe r 24 , Chairma n Applerout h sai d tha t the y woul d allo w th e dinghie s t o com e ashor e onc e again . Therefore , th e SSY C wil l presen t th e followin g proposa l a t th e nex t meetin g o f th e Por t an d Transi t Authority . 1 . Twelv e saf e mooring s wil l b e pu t dow n an d maintaine d b y th e Simonto n Stree t Yach t Clu b i n th e are a bounde d b y th e shi p channel , th e extensio n o f th e wes t boundar y o f ,th e propert y no w owne d b y Brito' s Shipyard , th e extensio n o f th e eas t boundar y o f th e propert y no w owne d b y Pie r House . Thes e mooring s wil l b e locate d s o tha t moore d yacht s wil l b e wel l clea r o f th e launchin g ram p an d th e pier s fo r thi s purpose . 2 . Thes e twelv e mooring s ar e strictl y temporary , fo r loadin g supplie s and/o r equipmen t fo r visitin g yachtsme n and/o r yachtsme n waitin g fo r a marin a berth , an d hav e a tim e limi t o f seventy-tw o hours . Th e Yach t Clu b wil l b e re sponsibl e fo r informin g owner s o f thi s tim e limit , an d fo r lega l behavio r o f crew s an d guest s o n boar d sai d yachts . 3 . I n additio n t o #2 , th e nort h two-third s o f th e roc k jetty , no w owne d b y th e Arm y Corp s o f Engineer s wil l b e designate d t o tak e car e o f an y overflo w o f yacht s wh o hav e n o roo m a t th e twelv e mooring s i n #2. N o yacht s wil l protrud e mor e tha n sixt y fee t fro m th e mea n edg e o f th e rock s ou t o f wate r a t lo w tid e s o tha t fre e traf fi c throug h Ke y Wes t Bigh t wil l no t b e hampered . k. Th e tras h an d waste , bot h o n th e roc k jett y an d of f Simonto n Stree t wil l b e eithe r carrie d awa y o r pai d fo r it s remova l b y a commercia l tras h remova l compan y b y th e Yach t Clu b fro m th e barre l no w locate d nea r th e bicycl e rac k a t th e en d o f Simonto n Street . 5 . Th e beac h are a fro m th e launchin g ram p fo r smal l boat s t o th e eas t en d o f th e extensio n o f th e propert y no w owne d b y th e Pie r Hous e wil l b e designate d a s a dingh y landin g area . Dinghie s wil l b e pulle d u p hig h enoug h s o swimmer s wil l no t b e hampered , an d a suggestio n wil l b e mad e t o eac h visitin g yachtsma n tha t th e dingh y b e identifie d wit h nam e an d numbe r o" f th e paren t yacht . Adopte d b y th e Simonto n Stree t Yach t Clu b 11-24-7 6 Th e clu b member s wil l als o hav e a brochur e o f do' s an d don't' s printe d an d distribute d t o th e boaters . Forme r Cit y Attorne y Michae l Cate s ha s sai d tha t th e inten t o f Ordinanc e 758 wa s no t t o ba n th e boat s bu t simpl y t o giv e th e cit y som e contro l ove r thi s area . Hopefully , th e reasonabl e proposa l o f th e Simonto n Stree t Yach t Club , i f allowed , wil l alleviat e thi s intolerabl e situation . K 0 STEAK S • NATIV E SEAFOO D • BAR-B-QUE D RIB S "Hom e o f th e World-Famou s Rosi n Bake d Potato " PLU S PLU S SOM E AL L NE W HICKOR Y HOUS E SPECIALTIE S KE Y WEST' S NEWES T SALA D BA R CONC H CHOWDE R • CONC H FRITTER S GREE N TURTL E STEA K • STUFFE D DEVILE D CRA B CLOSE D MONDA Y Locate d adjacen t t o King' s Poin t Marin a STOC K ISLAN D — KE Y WEST , FLORID A — 294-178 8 MAJO R CREDI T CARD S ACCEPTE D World famous psychic READER /ADVISOR Anchor Mews 208 Duval St. (upstairs) 296-9987 BIKINIS , FRENC H T-SHIRT S HAITIA N SPORTSWEA R KEYWISTBPABR K 12 4 DUVA L STREE T • KE Y WES T IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIlIl l 5Z3 fron t 'Uou/re , ujeicom e toujatd j u s prin t mm BIRDCAG E LOUNG E NO W OPE N fo r th e Seaso n Enjo y you r favorit e cocktai l i n th e relaxe d atmospher e wit h th e Atlanti c Ocea n a s you r background . OPE N DAIL Y Fri . & Sat . Noo n t o 2 a.m . Midnit e Specials!! ! Locate d i n th e Histori c Cas a Marin a Hote l (corne r o f Reynold s & Seminol e Sts . Ke y West )

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    1 2 Imaginativ e us e o t ou r exterio r shutter s i s th e linishin g touc h tha t make s you r hom e a n integra l par t o l th e Ke y Wes t scene . DARB Y & MITCHEL L CABINETMAKIN G • M1LLW0R K U.S . 1 . STOC K ISLAN D TELEPHON E 294-737 7 1 wher e th e unusua l i s usua l .. . 40 0 fron t stree t • (305 ) 296-632 4 • ke y west , florid a 3304 0 WATER S a crisi s (This excellent article first appeared in the 1967 issue of Martello, a publication of the Key West Historical Society. It traces the history of water in Key Vest from early times to 1967.) b y Coli n Jameso n I t seem s Ironi c tha t a do t o f lan d surrounde d b y a n astronomica l cubi c mileag e o f H2 0 shoul d b e s o thirsty . Ye t th e Islan d o f Ke y Wes t i s notoriou s fo r it s lac k o f potabl e wate r excep t durin g hurri cane s an d othe r cataclysm s o f nature . On e o f th e latter , t o b e sure , make s suc h a statemen t almos t In credible . Trave l bac k i n memor y t o Saturday , Novembe r 13 , 195 1 ! , whe n scattere d shower s wer e predicte d fo r th e Ke y Wes t area . Afte r 1 8 hour s o f thes e "showers" , a tota l o f 19.8 8 inche s o f rai n ha d falle n o n th e island. ' A s a n indicatio n o f ho w heav y th e downpou r was , thi s reporte r ca n cit e tw o reminiscences . I n ou r bac k yar d w e kep t a 14-foo t boat . Tw o hose s use d a s siphon s wer e scarcel y adequate,t o preven t thi s craf t fro m becoming's o heav y tha t i t woul d collaps e It s agein g trailer . Th e previou s da y bot h m y wif e an d I ha d notice d tha t th e gallo n ju g supplyin g th e car' s windshiel d washe r wa s bon e dry . Afte r th e stor m thi s containe r wa s overflow ing , thoug h onl y on e operativ e pin hol e provide d acces s t o it . I t raine d s o har d tha t th e nex t da y th e surfac e o f th e se a aroun d th e Islan d wa s fres h t o a dept h o f ove r a foot . I t wa s s o we t tha t a t variou s point s i n th e cit y motor boat s plie d freely . On e o f th e popula r yachtin g area s wa s th e intersectio n o f Angel a an d Simonto n Streets , wher e th e Cit y Hal l i s no w located . Her e on e find s a natura l depressio n a t th e foo t o f th e diz? y height s o f Solare s Hill , 2 2 fee t abov e se a level . Wate r ofte n collects , an d o n th e occasio n note d ther e wa s s o muc h o f i t tha t fue l oi l floate d acros s th e stree t int o th e magnificen t garde n o f Mrs . Alber t J . Mills , doin g grievou s damage . Ove r a centur y ago , tha t partic ula r locatio n was , fo r th e sam e geo graphi c reasons , th e sit e o f th e "Middl e Springs, " perhap s th e mos t importan t sourc e o f fres h wate r o n th e island . Bu t Ke y West' s wate r history , a s w e kno w It , goe s bac k stil l anothe r century , t o 1763 I n tha t yea r tw o thing s occurre d whic h wer e t o prov e o f conclusiv e importanc e t o th e Ke y Wes t o f today . Book s mak e th e bes t gift s 53 4 Flemin g Stree t 296-908 9 (1 ) Th e remnant s o f th e Caloos a Indian s wer e drive n t o Ke y Wes t an d exterminated , presumabl y b y th e Seminoles , leavin g thei r bone s t o provid e u s wit h th e Spanis h desig natio n Cay o Hueso , o r Bon e Key , late r anglicize d t o "Ke y West. " 2 ) A s a resul t o f th e Treat y o f Paris , th e Spanish , wh o ha d mad e th e mistak e o f joinin g i n th e Seve n Year s Wa r jus t befor e Pranc e los t it , wer e require d t o ced e Florid a t o Englan d i n retur n fo r Havana , whic h th e Britis h ha d captured . (I f th e U.S . i s eve r dismembere d b y th e Communis t bloc , on e ca n se e i n thi s bi t o f history , an d i n th e late r recessio n o f Florid a t o Spai n b y th e Treat y o f Pari s o f 1783 , a semi-plausibl e clai m t o th e Sun shin e Stat e o n th e par t o f Fide l Castro , a s herito r o f th e Spanis h captain-general. ) Th e Britis h commissione d a Netherlander ^ on e Joh n Gera r Willia m d e Brahm , t o surve y thei r ne w prize . I n 176 9 d e Brahm 1 s assistant , Ber nar d Romans , anothe r Dutchman , undertoo k t o explor e th e futur e State . I n 177 5 h e publishe d hi s " A Consis e Natura l Histor y o f Flor ida, " t o whic h w e ar e indebte d fo r th e firs t authenti c wor d abou t th e wate r situatio n i n th e Keys . Romans ' repor t I s perhap s a bi t sanguine , fo r h e make s th e blanke t assertio n tha t "al l key s aboun d i n wate r an d venison. " Bu t mayb e i t wa s sal t wate r tha t h e glimpse d throug h th e teemin g herd s o f deer . A s fa r a s th e Uppe r Key s go , h e doe s mak e th e specifi c statemen t tha t ther e wa s a "goo d wel l o n th e eas t en d o f Youn g Matecurnbe " (Uppe r Matecumb e t o be) . Whe n Roman s reache d Ke y West , h e wrot e a s follows : "Th e S.W . en d o f th e islan d lie s i n Lat . 2H degree s N Long . 8 l degree s 15W . I t ha s a shallo w ledg e clos e t o i t o n thi s south . Th e poin t i s a lo w kin d o f savanna h o n whic h on e o r tw o singl e tree s appea r nea r whic h ther e i s a wel l o f ver y ordinar y water. " (Probabl y I t wa s brackish. ) • "Withi n th e anchorag e plac e eastwar d o f th e poin t i s a pat h lead in g t o a wel l o r pon d o f excellen t fres h wate r roun d whic h a lo w kin d o f ston e wal l i s place d an d th e tree s ar e marke d wit h man y names : th e groun d i s trodde n lik e a shee p crawl , occasione d b y th e dee r wh o resor t her e t o drink , etc . Thi s waterin g plac e i s 1/i j mil e fro m th e beach. " (Perhap s thi s wa s th e Middl e Springs , o r Cit y Hal l lake , alread y mentioned , fo r th e shore lin e wa s muc h close r i n thos e days. ) Lt . M.C.Perry' s repor t o n Ke y Wes t (1822 ) reveal s th e following : "Th e wester n en d i s th e onl y par t o f th e islan d tha t ca n b e ap proache d b y anythin g large r tha n a_boat . Th e waterin g plac e i s tw o mile s fro m th e anchorag e groun d an d situate d o n th e sout h sid e o f th e island , th e wel l 10 0 yard s fro m th e beach. " Fro m th e mentione d distances , thi s doe s no t see m t o b e th e wel l o r pon d mentione d b y Romans , bu t rather , hi s "wel l o f ver y ordinar y water, " o r possibl y th e sprin g late r know n a s Porter' s Sprin g a t th e en d o f Whitehea d Street . Perr y goe s o n t o sa y tha t h e ha d "enlarge d th e well s an d enclose d on e wit h a fence . H e foun d anothe r well , bu t probabl y di d no t ge t a s fa r a s Middl e Springs . I n 182 8 w e hea r o f thes e again , whe n Theodor e Owen s purchase d fro m Thoma s McAfe e " 1 kil n o f lim e contain in g 10 0 barrels ' a t Middl e Springs. " I n 182 9 Wm . A . Whitehead' s ma p o f th e cit y show s th e Middl e Spring s o n th e northwes t corne r o f Simonto n an d Angela , wit h a pat h goin g t o Whitehea d Street , the n th e onl y full y complete d artery . Thi s ma y hav e bee n th e pat h mentione d b y Roman s 6 0 year s before . Visitin g ship s use d t o rol l thei r empt y wate r cask s dow n th e walkwa y t o replenis h supplies . Th e Columbi a Laundry , no w i n thi s location , wa s place d ther e be caus e o f th e readil y availabl e wate r (no w lost , apparently , perhap s throug h moder n drainage) . Ther e were , o f course , othe r source s o f water , includin g th e famou s "Pirate' s Well, " exac t locatio n indeterminate . Bu t no t to o lon g afte r Lt . Perry' s visi t th e us e o f cistern s t o catc h rainwate r began . Stil l visibl e I n Mallor y Squar e ar e th e remain s o f thos e constructe d t o suppl y wate r t o passin g ships . Becaus e o f th e hig h wate r table , the y wer e buil t mostl y abov e th e ground . I n residentia l installation s th e wate r wa s sometime s filtere d throug h charcoal . I f a househol d als o boaste d a well , th e cister n wate r coul d b e conserve d an d flo w onl y t o a singl e outle t i n th e kitche n fo r drinkin g an d cookin g purposes . 'I n late r year s th e healt h auth oritie s institute d a n anti-mosquit o servic e fo r privat e cisterns . A ma n cam e aroun d wit h littl e fis h an d dumpe d the m i n t o ea t th e larvae . Fo r som e illogica l reaso n perhap s becaus e the y performe d a valuabl e functio n thes e fish , whic h ha d t o disintegrat e i n deat h an d b e drun k alon g wit h water , wer e neve r unpopula r lik e th e pigeon s whic h overfle w th e water-collectin g roofs. • 208DUVA L * ANCHO R MEW & Well s wer e originall y operate d wit h bucket s o r han d pumps . On e o f th e bes t o n th e islan d wa s du g o n Solare s Hil l I n 188 3 t o th e dept h o f 2 7 fee t b y Dougla s T . Sweeny , sof t drin k manufacture r an d wholesal e liquor , win e an d bee r dealer , whos e factor y wa s ther e located , bac k o f th e hous e stil l toda y occupie d b y hi s daughter , Mrs . Charlott e Larranage . Doubtles s thi s wel l dre w fro m th e sam e source s a s th e nearb y Middl e Springs . Mr . Sweeny' s business , whic h wa s move d t o thi s locatio n fro m White hea d Stree t i n 1876 , prospere d t o suc h a n exten t tha t h e ha d t o creat e hi s ow n rainwate r collectio n an d storag e facilitie s t o supplemen t th e wel l water. H e combine d thes e wit h wha t th e Frenc h woul d cal l "caves " fo r th e prope r maintenanc e o f hi s supplie s o f alcoholi c beverages , diggin g a dee p two-stor y cellar , whic h woul d hav e bee n impossibl e anywher e ex cep t o n Solare s Hill , an d roofin g i t ove r fo r wate r collection . I n th e cella r th e temperatur e remaine d a t 8 0 degree s F . th e yea r round . Ke y Wes t remaine d wholl y de pendan t o n well s an d cistern s unti l th e railroa d arrive d i n 1912 . There afte r th e F.E.C . mad e smal l addi tion s t o th e wate r suppl y o f th e Keys , largel y fo r it s ow n benefit . Water wa s transporte d i n cypres s tank s o n flatcars , an d whe n rai n ha d bee n deficien t tan k car s wer e use d t o to p of f visitin g P . SO . liners . I n 19't 9 th e Stat e o f Florid a create d (a s a t interval s i t re creates) , th e Florid a Key s Aqueduc t Commission . Thi s mov e resulte d fro m a federa l offe r unde r th e Nationa l Defens e Appropriation s Ac t t o pu t u p $2,000,00 0 fo r a pipelin e I f th e Stat e woul d cooperate . I n Decembe r o f th e followin g yea r th e Nav y an d th e commissio n corn pleate d a n 18-inc h lin e fro m dee p well s a t Florid a Cit y o n th e main land , 12 5 mile s away . Th e arrange men t wa s tha t th e Nav y woul d defra y two-third s o f th e cos t an d receiv e two-third s o f th e water , whil e th e F.K.A.C . woul d hav e a one-thir d shar e o f expense s an d product . Al l wel l an d goo d o n paper . Bu t b y _mld-19 l l 3 th e lin e ha d develope d s o man y leak s tha t one-thir d t o one hal f o f th e wate r wa s bein g lost . Eyewitnesse s t o th e rapi d con structio n o f th e aqueduc t repor t tha t " carelessnes s wa s probabl y a facto r i n th e sieve-like.qualitie s o f man y o f th e pipes . I t seem s tha t length s wer e sometime s droppe d int o thei r bed s o f marl , instea d o f bein g care full y lowered . Thu s th e anti-rus t coatin g wa s scrape d an d scarred , invitin g corrosion , Initially , also , insufficien t provisio n wa s mad e t o 1 3 %y West Custom %pd & Tackle [Searstown ] ANGLER' S SERVIC E Han d mad e fishin g tackl e Fishin g informatio n Ro d & ree f repai r Divin g gea r Campin g Tenni ? KE Y WEST' S OLDES T AN D LARGES T BIGGES T AN D BESTES T WNI§£ X BOWTIQW E WH Y PA Y MORE?? ? "'.-. • •;'.';•' • FOR A .' • ..-' • : : .'. SMORGASBOR D O F UNIQU E NOVELTIE S Male and Female Fashions From 'Round the World Indi a Impart s — Fade d Glor y Jean s — Libert y Jean s — S.O.B . Jean s — Men' s Dres s Shirt s — Men' s Casua l Shirt s — Men' s Spor t Shirt s — Hat s — Caps " — Ha t Pin s — Scarve s — Necklace s — Bracelet s — Ring s — Earring s — India n Bedspread s — Wallet s — Bag s — Belt s — Herb s — Pipe s — Paper s — Oil s — Incens e — Kam a Sutr a Lov e Product s — Choker s — Dresse s — Culotte s — Skirl s — Halter s — Haurache s — Flip-Flop s — Sandal s — Sun glasse s — Short s — Overall s — Jumpsuit s — Wraparoun d Pant s — Brief s — Bathin g Suit s — Jacket s — Leathe r Jacket s — Lev ! Accessorie s — Poster s — Hammock s — Waterbcd s — Pyramid s — Feather s — Pillow s — Etc . etc . WE'V E PRETTIE D U P STO P B Y A T 51 7 DUVA L STREE T ••;•':-••.:•!, i Phone : 294-22B 0 >-f; : -: • MO N -SAT . 1 0 AIM.-10:3 0 PIW / < • •;;; _ SUNDA Y 1 0 w.i« . ^ ^ : o p P;iyi . •;•; ; ; < ••;••;/;•,•;•. : Now solely owne d aiic T Operate d b y jiudiilt Basket Lyda

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    locof-e d i n Ol d Ke y Wes t nex t t o th e Aquortu m arl " KAallor y Squar e •REE F TP4P 5 • fo r inexperienced, , an d experience d aliK e • smal l group s • fre e snorKelin g instructio n BIK E RENTA L Ol d Tou> h fro m Ol d Tow n PICNIC S AN D EKPLORlN e •campin g on ou t inland s b u socia l arrangemen t ^ SAILIN G CHARTER S comba t th e erosiv e effect s o f elec trolysi s . Th e Aqueduct . Commissio n wa s un abl e t o kee p ahea d o f it s costs . By . I94 9 i t owe d th e Nav y mor e tha n hal f a millio n dollars . Congres s thereupo n permitte d th e Nav y t o can ce l it s contrac t wit h th e commission , an d th e investmen t o f th e Stat e o f Florid a wa s refunded . Thereafte r th e Nav y wa s sol e owne r o f th e pipe line . Meanwhil e th e civilia n develop men t o f th e Key s an d Ke y Wes t create d suc h a vaultin g deman d fo r wate r tha t th e lin e becam e entirel y in adequate . Pressure s ofte n droppe d s o lo w tha t a consume r wit h a secon d stor y ha d t o instal l a booste r pum p i f h e wante d t o was h hi s hand s up stair s . A fe w householder s ha d no t fol lowe d th e anti-mosquit o advic e issue d whe n th e pipelin e wen t int o opera tio n an d ha d no t fille d i n thei r cisterns . Thes e wer e no w reactivat e d b y thei r luck y owners , bu t fo r th e res t o f th e populac e thing s go t wors e befor e the y go t better . I n 195 8 th e F.K.A.C . bega n plan nin g a ne w paralle l pipeline , taut ho w thi s wa s t o b e finance d wa s a questio n tha t eve n a crysta l bal l coul d no t answer . Th e commissio n di d buil d thre e booste r station s a t Cros s Key , Lon g Ke y an d Ramro d Key , thre e 500,000 gallo n reservoir s i n th e Uppe r Keys , an d tank s holdin g 10,000,00 0 gallon s o n Stoc k Island . Th e lin e no w ha d a capacit y o f 6,500,00 0 gallon s pe r day , an d i t wa s -hope d tha t th e shortag e woul d b e allayed . Nevertheless , th e treatmen t plan t a t Florid a Cit y coul d handl e onl y 5,000,00 0 gallons , an d th e populatio n increas e continue d inexorably . Mone y problem s gre w mor e acute . An d b y th e nex t yea r i t becam e plai n tha t a paralle l wa s financially impossible . Th e 196 3 militar y build-u p i n th e are a force d th e by-pass-in g o f wel l wate r aroun d th e treatmen t plan t unti l th e Nav y objecte d an d cu t civ ilia n consumptio n fro m it s norma l 3. 6 millio n g.p.d . t o 2.8. ' B y Octobe r 196 4 th e F.K.A.C . ha d wangle d $250,00 0 a t thre e pe r cen t fro m th e Florid a Interna l Im provemen t Fun d an d boosted.treat men t capacit y t o 74 million . Bu t th e extr a powe r t o pus h twic e a s muc h wate r throug h th e pip e a s th e designe d capacit y raise d cost s geometrically, , a s i t di d leak age . (Fo r example , 36,000,00 0 gal lon s wer e los t i n th e 3-mont h perio d endin g Augus t 31 , 1966. ) Th e con sume r pric e fo r 1,00 0 gallon s ha d t o b e raise d fro m $1.3 5 t o $1 . 5, 2 An d deman d kep t o n surgin g up ward . I t wa s no w estimate d tha t a paralle l pipelin e woul d ru n i n th e neighborhoo d o f $40,000,000 . Ye t thi s wa s on e o f tw o solution s pro posed , b y th e Offic e o f Salin e Wate r o f th e Departmen t o f th e Interior . Th e othe r wa s a $44,000,00 0 com binatio n nuclea r powe r an d desali natio n plant . Asid e fro m th e insupportabl e expens e o f eithe r project , wher e woul d th e F.K.A.C . sel l th e 10,000 00 0 dail y gallon s fro m th e desali natio n plan t an d marke t th e 50,00 0 kw . o f nuclear-produce d power ? Th e Aqueduc t Commissio n turne d t o Fluo r Corporation , whic h ha d pioneere d a desalinatio n plan t a t Poin t Lom a (Sa n Diego) , producin g 750,00 0 g.p.d . (Thi s wa s th e plan t whic h wa s knocke d dow n an d ship pe d t o Guantanam o whe n Fide l Castr o .turne d of f tha t base' s water. ) Th e proces s recommende d b y Fluor,i s calle d "single-train , multi stage , flas h desalination. " Her e i s ho w i t works : 1 5 Sal t wate r i s heate d b y stea m unde r pressure , s o tha t i t doe s no t boi l whe n th e temperatur e rise s abov e 21 2 degrees . A t abou t 23 0 degree s th e brin e flow s int o a chambe r wher e th e pres sur e i s slightl y lower . Instantl y som e o f th e wate r wil l tur n int o steam . Thi s rise s an d condense s o n pipe s carryin g seawate r a t norma l temperatur e an d drip s int o trough s beneat h th e pipes . Th e ho t seawater , no w a littl e cooler , flow s int o anothe r chanbe r wher e th e pressur e i s stil l lower . Anothe r flas h evaporatio n occurs , Thi s proces s continue s throug h 5 0 stages . Wha t remain s o f th e sea water , no w a t 8 8 degree s F . an d 5 percen t sal t Instea d o f th e ori gina l 3 pe r cen t i s returne d t o th e ocean . Accordin g t o informatio n collect e d b y th e F.K.A.C . fro m desalina tio n installation s a t Poin t Loma , Wilmington , N.C. , an d th e Virgi n Islands , a s wel l a s fro m th e Offic e o f Salin e Water , fis h an d othe r marin e lif e suffe r n o il l effect s fro m th e discharg e o f brin e wit h thi s 4 0 percen t increas e i n con centration . A desalinatio n plan t o f th e typ e recommende d woul d draw . 10,000,00 0 gallon s o f seawate r a da y fro m thre e well s u p t o 20 0 fee t deep , onl y tw o o f thes e bein g use d a t th e sam e time . Fres h wate r capacit y woul d b e 2,620, 00 0 g.p.d . (a s compare d wit h th e mor e tha n 3,000,00 0 gallon s no w purchase d fro m th e Navy. ) Westinghous e Electri c an d Man ufacturin g Co . bi d $3,369,00 0 o n a contrac t t o construc t o n Stoc k Is lan d wha t wil l b e th e larges t de salinatio n plan t i n th e worl d (tern, poraril y Lo s Angele s i s plannin g a 15. 0 ,00 0 ,000-gallo n installatio n fo r th e future) . A loa n fo r $4,446,00 0 wa s float e d wit h th e Communit y Facilitie s Agenc y o f th e Federa l Governmen t a s "interi m financing " unti l bond s ar e sold . I f th e bon d marke t i s unreceptive , th e C.P.A . wil l bu y th e bond s a t th e 4 percen t interes t currentl y bein g pai d fo r th e interi m financing . Groun d wa s broke n o n Jul y 12 , 1966 ; th e deadlin e fo r completio n o f th e plan t i s Marc h 3 , 1967 West inghous e ha s experience d certai n constructio n delay s du e t o a strike , Hurrican e Ine z an d a n accident , bu t i t i s expecte d tha t th e ne w facilit y will , g o o n th e lin e onl y a mont h o r s o late . Th e distille d wate r i t produce s wil l b e mixe d wit h pipe lin e wate r t o giv e i t taste , an d th e pric e wil l remai n a t $1.5 2 pe r thou san d gallons . Wha t o f th e future ? I t look s reasonabl y rosy . A t presen t th e Cit y o f Ke y Wes t ha s a storag e capacit y o f 17,000,00 0 gallon s o f fres h water , th e res t o f th e Key s 5,000,00 0 gallon s Th e desa l plant , plu s reduce d pur chase s fro m th e Navy , ar e expecte d t o tak e car e o f forseeabl e wate r need s til l 1972 . A t tha t tim e on e o f severa l cour se s ma y b e adopte d b y th e P.K.A.C . Anothe r desa l plan t o f th e sam e typ e an d capacit y a s th e presen t on e ma y b e constructed . B y the n th e Cit y Electri c Syste m wil l hav e buil t a steam-powere d generatin g plan t nex t door , an d use d stea m ma y b e exonom icall y purchase d fo r th e heatin g o f se a water . U p th e Key s th e Aqueduc t Com missio n i s no w experimentin g wit h brackis h wel l water. Thi s flui d contain s onl y on e tent h a s grea t a concentratio n o f mineral s a s th e sea . I t ma y len d itsel f t o other , cheape r desaltin g processes . This continue d o n pag e 2 9 Fro m Paris' s ELLE The linest hod in the Florida Keys" Love At HONDA . First. For good reason. EXPRES S First Sight TW s ne w Hond a Expres s I t Jimol t t o operate , a n •njoyaof o mocNn o trait s Qrso t . fo r Qtttino , onwii d town , g«t s u p t o lOO-plu s mile s t o ttwgol K laymn y nm fo r Oristm s onl y 29 8 •-«»»• ' HOND A KE Y WES T Wher e th e bes t deal s ar e corne r Whitehea d & Southard . 294-555 1 loo k eato n & simonto n

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    1 6 1 7 Ernes t Hemingwa y Hom e and ! Museu m A Registere d Nationa l Histori c Landmar k Thi s Sit e Possesse s Exceptiona l Valu e I n Commemoratin g o r Illustratin g Th e Histor y o f Th e Unite d State s OPE N DAIL Y 9:0 0 A.M . l o 5i0 0 P.M . 90 7 WHITEHEA D STHEE T KE Y WEST , FLA . ADMISSIO N $1.0 0 CHILDRE N 50 < TELEPHONES : 29S-581 1 o r 294-157 5 A !si*w«] y tou r o f th e hom o en d ganfon s o f th e lat e Nobe l Priz e Winner , Ernei t Hemingway . Th e hom e wa s buil t i n SpanU h Colonia l Styl e o f nativ e roc k hew n fro m th e ground s wit h furnishings , rugs , tile , chandelier s brough t b y th e Horplng way x fro m Spain , Afric a an d Cuba . Luxuriant , exoti c plant s an d tree s ar e fro m al l ove r th e world . I t wa s her e tha t Mr . Hemingwa y wrot e Fo r Who m th e Bel l Tolls , Gree n Hill s o f Africa , A Farewel l t o Arms , Th e Fift h Column , Th e Snow s o f Kilimanjaro , an d Th e Macombe r Affair . Mr . Hemingwa y wa s fh « firs t importan t write r t o discove r an d mak e Ke y Wes t hi s home . H e owne d th e hom e fro m 193 1 t o 1961 . Caver s On e Acr e Includin g Poo l An d Gues t Hous e Brin g You r Camer a Fo r furthe r informatio n contac t fi«rnlce Dickson , 90 7 WMfahw d St . Th e Tap e Ap e "M-M M Who' s Go t I t No w ? " "Th e Tap e Ap e Go t it " TAPE S AN D RECORD S 91 8 KENNED Y DRIV E SHOPPIN G CENTE R 296-665 5 Beers , Bank s an d Burial s b y Bu d Jacobso n Som e Recollection s o f a Craz y Politica l Yea r THER E NEVE R wa s a wackier , wilde r o r mor e intensel y fough t politica l wa r i n th e topsy-turv y histor y o f Ke y Wes t an d Monro e Count y tha n th e on e betwee n th e lat e Rep . Berni e C . Pap y an d hi s youn g challenger , Hilari o (Charlie ) Ramos , Jr. , i n 1962 . I n th e hea t i t generated , i t cause d famil y division s tha t eve n t o thi s da y ar e recalle d somewha t bitterl y amon g th e ol d Conc h an d Cuba n factions , pitte d rela tive s agains t eac h other , busines s agains t busines s an d totall y disrupte d th e loca l populatio n i n a struggl e th e like s o f whic h ha d neve r bee n see n befor e an d prob abl y won' t b e see n again . Bu t eve n afte r i t wa s ove r an d i t ha d bee n prove n tha t th e myt h o f invinci bilit y surroundin g Berni e C . Papy , th e Kin g o f th e Key s fo r 2 8 years , coul d b e cracked , ther e wer e after-shock s i n sub sequen t election s tha t al l bu t cancelle d ou t th e forc e an d effec t o f th e upheaval . TH E RIF T betwee n th e opposin g camp s o f Pap y an d Ramo s cam e t o a n explosiv e hea d i n th e 2 1 crucia l day s betwee n th e firs t primar y an d th e runof f i n May , 1962 . Ramos 1 fathe r wa s the n a s h e i s no w th e county' s distributo r fo r Budweise r beer , Pap y owne d th e majo r interes t i n Saunders ' Wholesale , th e county' s distri buto r fo r Schlitz . Th e tw o bigges t beers . th e cit y an d th e county , a s fa r nort h a s th e count y lin e wher e Harr y Harris , forme r to p banan a o n th e count y commissio n fo r ove r 3 0 years , wielde d th e strengt h fo r Papy' s force s throughou t th e campaign . TH E YEA R wa s 1962 . Joh n F . Kenned y wa s i n th e Whit e Hous e an d th e moo d o f th e countr y wa s on e o f exhilaration . Yout h i n politic s seeme d t o b e comin g int o it s own , person ifie d b y th e young , witty , handsom e Irish America n i n Washington . I T WA S SPRIN G i n Ke y West , an d afte r a three-yea r meteori c ris e ove r th e poli tica l horizo n Charli e Ramo s wa s poise d o n th e edg e o f pullin g of f on e o f th e mos t startlin g upset s i n Florida' s recen t history . Unknow n t o anyon e then , i n th e earl y month s o f 1962 , h e wa s abou t t o defea t Stat e Rep . Berni e C . Papy , th e acknowledge d "Kin g o f th e Keys " sinc e 1934 . Pap y wa s no w Dea n o f th e House , havin g serve d Ik straigh t term s i n offic e — 2 8 year s i n power . Ramos , barel y i n hi s twentie s i n 1962 , wa s fro m on e o f th e city' s bes t . know n an d mos t prominen t Spanish-descende d families . The y owne d considerabl e prop erty , an d member s o f th e famil y wer e re specte d i n loca l circle s an d i n business . Charli e ha d pu t i n a ter m o n th e cit y commissio n i n th e somewha t must y Bernie Papy in the 1960's I N A LOOSE , informa l way , thei r re spectiv e side s include d th e chie f officer s o f Ke y West' s tw o majo r banks , — th e Ke y Wes t Stat e Ban k an d th e Florid a Nationa l Bank . Th e lat e Howar d E . Wilso n wa s pres iden t o f th e stat e ban k an d Jo e Pinder , a leade r i n th e Ramo s formatio n behin d th e scenes, wa s hea d o f th e FNB . Thus , th e banks . Wilson , i n addition , wa s th e county' s ta x collecto r fo r year s an d wa s fo r ?1 1 o f Papy' s politica l caree r his ; chie f lieutenan t an d to p rankin g adviso r i n th e financia l an d busines s arena . H e wa s also-th e leade r the n i n wha t wa s calle d th e "courthous e gang. " I N ANOTHE R are a wher e th e spli t wa s apparent , th e city' s tw o dominan t funera l homes , Pritchar d Funera l Hom e o n Whit e Stree t an d Lope z Funeral s o n Simonto n wer e polarize d i n thei r definit e backin g o f th e candidates . Thus , burials . Lope z leane d towar d Ramos , an d Pritchard 1 s , th e senio r i n year s o f ser vic e t o th e community , wa s fo r Papy . The y al l playe d a definit e par t i n th e highl y charge d dram a tha t grippe d atmospher e o f th e ol d cit y hall , wher e amon g man y o f th e move s h e becam e em broile d i n was . th e remova l o f th e Cuba n fla g fro m th e podiu m behin d th e mayor' s seat . Th e Cuba n fla g ha d bee n ther e fo r years , wit h Ol d Glor y o n th e righthan d side , bu t afte r th e U.S . an d Fide l Castr o cam e t o blows , an d th e Sovie t Unio n wa s firml y entrenche d i n tha t islan d 9 0 miles , sout h o f here , feeling s ra n high . Th e cit y commissio n wante d th e Cuba n color s ou t o f there , an d Ramo s spok e strongl y i n favo r o f th e action . Cit y hal l rocke d tha t nigh t wit h shoute d Cuba n protest s an d th e wavin g o f fist s fro m th e pro-Castr o people , whil e the-mayo r pounde d th e gave l an d hurrah s cam e fro m th e equall y nois y factio n favorin g th e removal . Englis h an d Span is h wer e mixe d i n th e babbl e o f voices , bu t th e commissioner s succeede d i n th e fac e o f a hotheade d mob . THA T WA S onl y on e o f th e severa l well-publicize d occasion s tha t Ramo s wa s involve d i n a s a centra l figure . Alon g cam e th e unpopula r utilit y ta x proposa l an d h e lande d i n tha t controvers y wit; h V bot h fee t — agai n well-publicized . Ver y soo n Ramos ' outspoke n performance s an d fier y speeche s i n cit y hal l attracte d mor e tha n passin g interes t fro m th e pub li c i n general . H e caugh t th e eye-o f severa l influentia l me n an d wome n wh o wer e ke y person s i n th e cit y an d county' s "reform-minded " group , althoug h the y wer e no t organize d a s such . Fo r year s the y ha d trie d unsuccessfull y t o wres t contro l o f th e county' s politica l destin y fro m Pap y — bu t tha t powerhous e wa s seemingl y impervious . WHA T MAD E I T SO , i n thos e year s be for e th e Hom e Rul e amendmen t t o th e state' s constitution , wa s tha t th e county' s legislato r ha d ful l an d complet e authorit y ove r wha t wer e innocentl y calle d "loca l bills. " H e coul d pas s the m withou t fea r o f opposition , an d ove r a perio d o f tim e the y ha d th e effec t o f makin g th e legis lato r a n absolut e rule r o f hi s ow n county . Loca l bill s wer e passe d fo r thi s count y creatin g publi c agencies , appoint in g member s t o boards , controllin g em ployment , grantin g highl y lucrativ e liquo r licenses , bot h i n th e cit y an d outside , settin g u p rule s an d procedures , grantin g th e righ t t o floa t bon d issues , an d s o forth . Th e shee r powe r i n th e hand s o f th e legislato r wa s incredible . An d besides , shrew d a s h e alway s was , Papy' s persona l lega l counse l wa s th e lat e J . Lancelo t Lester , Sr. , wh o wa s Charlie Ramos at the time of his election als o stat e attorne y fo r thi s distric t an d attorne y fo r th e Cit y Electri c Sys tem' s utilit y board . Lester' s lega l geniu s wa s behin d man y o f th e loca l bill s (a t th e behes t o f Papy ) an d speciall y th e on e creatin g th e Cit y Electri c Sys tem . Th e fourt h corne r o f th e powerfu l Pap y combin e wa s th e lat e Claud e Gan dolfo , ta x assesso r a t th e time . Th e inne r circl e the n include d Papy , Wilson , Leste r an d Gandolfo . TH E INHEREN T powe r o f thos e loca l bill s wa s dramaticall y displaye d onc e whe n Papy , displease d wit h som e naggin g an d potentiall y embarrassin g question s abou t close d file s an d payroll s a t th e Cit y Electric , reache d dow n fro m Talla hasse e t o Ke y Wes t an d casuall y swatte d th e pesk y politica l mosquit o who' d bee n raisin g a ruckus . Th e "mosquito " wa s non e othe r tha n Bil l G . Chappell , no w a circui t cour t judge , wh o ha d bee n a cit y commissione r and , b y th e la w creatin g th e utilit y board , wa s a membe r o f tha t five-ma n boar d alon g wit h th e mayor.o f th e city . Pap y simpl y passe d a ne w loca l bil l reducin g th e city' s electe d representa tio n o n tha t boar d t o on e (th e mayor ) an d replace d Chappel l wit h hi s ow n man . Th e anguishe d outcr y fro m th e "re form-minded " citizenry , Papy' s ostensibl e opposition , wa s mor e huffin g an d puffing . Th e court , unde r th e lat e Judg e Aquilin o Lopez , Jr. , rule d Fapy' s actio n lega l an d full y withi n hi s power . ANOTHE R loca l bil l passe d b y Pap y a t th e tim e create d th e short-live d bu t powerfu l Publi c Work s Board . I t wa s give n authorit y b y th e legislativ e ac t t o floa t a bon d issu e fo r capita l im provement s i n th e Cit y o f Ke y West , ove r an d abov e th e authorit y alread y veste d i n th e cit y commission . Th e five-ma n boar d consiste d o f Hilari o Ramos , Sr. ; rea l estat e broke r Ji m Flenner ; businessma n Sa m Braverman , a wheeler-deale r o n th e fring e o f poli tic s fo r man y years ; th e lat e Ernes t A . Ramsey , manage r o f th e Florid a Key s Aqueduc t an d a membe r o f th e powerfu l utilit y boar d a t C.E.S. ; an d th e lat e retire d Adm . E.I? . (Ned ) McCarthy . Wha t the y achieve d wit h th e bon d issu e wa s th e buildin g o f cit y hal l o n Angela ; renovatio n o f th e Mallor y dock s are a int o wha t i t i s today , a touris t mecc a i n ol d downtown ; renovatio n o f ol d warehouse s no w a prou d par t o f th e city' s property . DESPIT E th e definit e improvemen t gaine d fro m tha t Pap y action , th e re former s an d anti-Papyite s continue d t o chom p a t th e bi t an d wer e gradually , almos t unknowingly , shapin g u p fo r anothe r electio n war , thi s tim e usin g Charli e Ramo s a s thei r weapon . Ramo s continue d hi s colorfu l caree r i n cit y hal l an d linke d u p wit h anothe r ."youn g veteran " politician , Harr y F . Knigh t (no w th e county' s ta x collector) , an d togethe r the y forme d a breakawa y team , challengin g th e ol d way s an d forc in g muc h o f th e city's , busines s ou t I n th e open . The y mad e hard-nose d speeche s abou t "one-ma n rul e fro m Tallahassee " an d lighte d fire s o f disconten t aroun d th e fringe s o f th e Pap y side . Ramo s wa s no t goin g unnoticed . I n on e o f hi s cit y hal l talks , shakin g hi s finge r a t th e audience , Ramo s denounce d anothe r "specia l act, " a s "th e rap e o f th e Cit y o f Ke y West. " H e wa s gettin g mor e an d mor e exposur e i n the.loca l media . BERNIE , o n th e othe r hand , wa s th e undispute d leade r an d shrew d politica l guid e fo r al l th e year s h e hel d office . H e deserve d th e titl e a s "th e Kin g o f th e Keys, " bu t h e wa s n o sho w off . H e wa s personall y i n touc h wit h th e man-on the-street . H e operate d quietl y an d skillfull y i n Ke y Wes t a s wel l a s i n th e stat e capito l wher e h e wa s a pivota l figur e i n th e ol d "Por k Cho p Gang, " a passe l o f small-county-oriente d legis lator s wh o hel d decidin g vote s i n th e legislature . Lik e Ramos , h e wa s a Conc h o f th e ol d famil y tradition . Hi s famil y ha d com e her e fro m th e St . Augustin e area , an d goin g farthe r back , Papy' s tie s ha d originate d i n th e Mediterranea n area ; hi s great-grandfathe r wa s Gaspa r Papy , a Turk . I n Tallahasse e h e sa w t o i t tha t "m y people, " a s h e like d t o cal l al l Monro e Countians , Conch s an d non-Conch s alike , wer e no t lef t ou t i n th e col d whe n i t cam e t o gettin g thei r shar e o f th e state' s business , jobs , publi c work s projects , fundin g fo r road s an d bridge s an d more . Afte r th e session s i n Tallahasse e (the n hel d ever y othe r year ) Berni e woul d com e bac k t o Ke y Wes t an d tak e u p hi s roos t i n fron t o f hi s offic e o n Simonto n Street , acros s fro m th e pos t office . Th e doo r t o th e narro w littl e HAL F SHEL L RA W BA R f ) \ 1, , • . * • * -HfeEt IC E SOL D BEE R clams-oyster s lobster shrim p ston e cra b conc h chowde r conc h fritter s smoke d fis h & shrim p an d mor e Land s En d Villag e Foo t o f Margare t St . Ke y West , Florid a Nea r th e Turtl e Kraal s Phon e ZS4-700 0 TH E SANDWIC H DEC K TH E SANDWIC H DECK : KE Y WEST' S MOS T DELIGHTFU L PATI O CAFE , SECLUDE D AN D QUIE T WIT H A N ADDITIONA L AI R CONDITIONE D ROO M FO R YOU R COMFORT . No w Ope n 1 1 A.M . t o 1 0 P.M . TH E SANDWIC H DEC K 12 4 DUVA L STREE T KE Y WES T phon e 294 7677

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    1 8 I S BAC K I N TOW N custo m meta l sculptur e ope n 10-1 0 mos t o f th e tim e 53 2 duva l stree t ( 1 / 2 wa y betwee n th e atlanti c ocea n an d th e gul f o f mexico ) hav e a happ y .. . it' s goo d t o b e hom e rick , bryan , caren , greg , dunga , spider.. . yo u too , jane t • S , a: \ Adria n Naranj o v kt Pmideai , Genera l fc Dr . Fran k V . Bervald i Ptwidrm , Chie f Esecuii^ t Offlct r AIR SUNSHINE Fo r Informatio n O r Reservation s Se e You r Trave l Agen t O r Cal l Ke y Wes t 294-556 6 Miam i 526-637 0 An d Elsewher e i n Florid a Cal l Toil-Fre e 1-800-432-494 7 AM5UNSM M Novembe r 11 , 197 6 A N OPE N LETTE R T O TH E PEOPL E O F TH E KEY S AN D OU R OTHE R FRIEND S EVERYWHERE ; Thi s mont h mark s th e thir d anniversar y o f Ai r Sunshin e progres s sinc e th e forme r AA T Airline s (base d i n Miami ) wa s acquire d an d Ke y Wes t becam e th e hom e o f a regularly-scheduled , fully-certifie d airline . Ai r Sunshin e bega n a s par t o f th e Florid a Key s an d wa s a promis e t o th e Keys , a promis e tha t i s bein g fulfille d b y greatl y increase d an d improve d ai r service , b y soli d contribution s t o th e are a econom y throug h majo r employment , an d b y boostin g all-importan t tourism . Ai r Sunshine , th e Florida.Keys ' ow n airline , a privat e industr y wit h a publi c servic e conscience , ha s investe d considerabl e money , effor t an d ingenuit y t o improv e th e servic e s o vita l t o th e orderly , prosperou s developmen t o f th e Keys . Throug h innovativ e fares , th e airlin e ha s provide d specia l break s t o Key s resident s an d provide d incentive s t o attrac t more~visitor s to~Ke y Wes t an d th e Keys . W e fl y fragil e carg o wit h care , criticall y neede d carg o wit h speed , and you r ai r mai l — b y regula r an d b y specia l aircraft . Th e W e "Pelica n Pouch " servic e fo r shippin g smal l package s o r document s i s successfu l an d wil l soo n b e expanded . I thin k w e hav e a goo d trac k recor d .. . 1 won' t g o int o th e whol e stor y righ t her e bu t 1 ca n poin t ou t som e milestone s i n ou r efforts . Thi s yea r (throug h Sept. ) w e carrie d 84,19 7 passengers ; w e expec t b y year' s en d t o hav e carrie d abou t 107,64 0 passenger s — that' s ove r 7,60 0 MORE_tha n bot h Ai r Sunshin e an d Southeas t Airlin e combine d carrie d al l o f las t year ! Th e yea r befor e tha t w e carrie d 31,900 . W e can y you r freigh t an d mail , too . W e eve n hav e a specia l cargo-onl y plane^Th e figure s fo r Jan.-Aug . 197 6 sho w a 5^^ o increas e ove r 1975 ! An d thi s fal l w e hav e conclude d th e firs t oTlh e interlin e agreement s t o expan d "Pelica n Pouch " servic e beyon d Ke y West/Marathon/Miami/Tamp a t o poini s north . Thi s ha s bee n a very , ver y popula r service , accordin g t o report s we'v e hear d fro m you , an d on e yo u hav e lon g needed . Di d yo u kno w tha t whe n Ai r Sunshin e began , there,wer e onl y 2 4 employees ? Ther e ar e 10 0 o f u s nowja s m u yo u Kno w ina i wne n ftir aunsnin e oegan , mere.wer e oni y JA employees. ' mer e ar e IU U u i u s now.ta. . o f Nov . 1 1976 ) — an d we'r e stil l growing . Mos t Ai r Sunshin e personne l ar e locate d i n th e Keys , wit h other' s i n i Tampa . Th e payrol l ha s increase d too , o f course : fo r th e fisca l yea r endin g Jun e 3 0 197 6 i l w a (Fo r th e fiscal yea r endin g Jun e 3 0 197 4 i t wa s $167,568. ) An d a s mos t o f th e Ai r Sunshin e pcppl i Miam i an d ' pc i t o ou r Miam i an d Tampa . Th e payrolTha s increase d too , o f course : fo r th e fiscal yea r endin g Jun e 3 0 197 6 5750,000 . (Fo r th e fiscal yea r endin g Jun e 3 0 197 4 i t wa s 5167,568. ) An d a s mos t o f th e Ai r Sunshin e liv e i n th e Keys , mos t ofiha t payrol l i s spen t (o r saved ) i n th e Keys . Tha t i s a genuine , soli d contributio n economy . W e hav e on e o f th e ver y to p private-industr y payroll s i n th e county . IO W hav e te n computerize d consol e unit s t o enhanc e ou r reservation s syste m wiihjt s vita l interlin e c tt'it T I trii * ria l io n anr\ fli p ujnrlr l "VJr* nc#>r l lr\ hoi m nnn n Tliwr' m n i 1/ W e no w w e no w hav e te n computerize d consol e unit s t o enhanc e ou r reservation s syste m wi t _ connection s wit h th e natio n an d th e world . W e used , t o hav e none . They'r e a t Ke y Wes t an d Maratho n an d Miam i an d Tampa . I n Ke y Wes t alon e th e reservation s specialist s average d mor e tha n 60 0 o f you r call s a day ! Agreement s conclude d b y Ai r Sunshin e wit h othe r majo r nationa l an d internationa l ai r carrier s amoun t t o thousand s o f dollar s o f saving s t o Ai r Sunshin e traveler s eac h year . W e hav e mor e join t far e agreement s benefitin g traveler s tha n almos t an y othe r commute r ai r carrie r i n th e U.S.A . An d w e sparke d nationwid e interes t wit h ou r effort s t o implemen t a senio r citize n half-far e space-availabl e fee , a far e tha t ha s ha d invaluabl e meanin g t o th e senio r citizen s o f Monro e County . Alway s consciou s o f th e valu e o f touris m t o Ke y Wes t an d th e Keys , w e developed , wit h th e cooperatio n o f hotels , motels , businesse s an d othe r touris t attractions , a serie s o f innovativ e trave l package s designe d t o encourag e visitor s t o com e dow n an d enjo y ou r warmt h an d hospitality . ~ " * / An d wit h th e expansio n o f servic e com e othe r benefit s t o th e Key s — includin g purchase s o f supplics A /equipmen t an d service s fro m othe r privat e businesse s plu s fee s an d taxe s pai d b y th e airline . An d that' s th e wa y ! w e lik e it , th e wa y w e planne d it , becaus e .. . \ W e ar e par t o f th e community . W e liv e here , wor k here . W e bu y here , pa y taxe s here . W e car e an d w e try . i Sincerely , Dr . Fran k V . Bervald i President, Chief Executive Officer GENERA L OFFICE S • 112 9 SIMONTO N STREE T • KE Y WES T • FLORID A 3304 0 • PHON E (305 ) 294-104 1 k 1 9 office , smellin g richl y o f Havan a ciga r smoke , wa s labele d "Rea l Estate. " Amon g othe r things , Berni e hel d a broker' s license . Nex t doo r wa s hi s insuranc e agency , Ke y Wes t Insurance , wher e hi s partne r wa s liste d o n th e doo r a s Howar d E . Wilson . Th e sam e a s th e ban k presiden t an d th e ta x collector . BERNI E WOUL D ofte n si t o n th e curb , hi s perk y Bahamia n stra w ha t wit h it s polk a do t ban d tilte d t o shad e hi s sun glasse d eyes , th e inevitabl e ciga r i n on e corne r o f hi s mouth . H e talke d wit h everyone . Swappe d jokes , trade d gossip , hear d rumors , listene d t o thousand s o f hard-luc k storie s an d helpe d ou t whereve r h e coul d — a fe w buck s here , a ba g o f grocerie s there , a pai r o f glasse s fo r som e child , payin g a n overdu e bil l fo r a n ol d down-and-ou t friend . H e eve n hel d infrequen t an d unplanne d "pres s hearings, " wher e h e migh t lea k a stor y abou t som e stat e projec t comin g t o th e Key s soon , o r abou t som e legislatio n h e ha d a han d in , an d maybe , a s a n aside , he' d pas s alon g som e ho t rumor s he' d hear d abou t "th e othe r side, " thos e oppose d t o hi s or ganization . On e o f hi s cornies t bu t perhap s mos t effectiv e bit s o f advertisin g coul d b e see n al l ove r th e city . The y wer e white painte d benche s wit h re d scrol l letterin g saying : "Compliment s o f Berni e C . Papy." . The y wer e wel l know n b y th e Navy , whos e presenc e her e i n thos e year s wa s a s natura l a s th e su n an d sand . A sub marin e cre w dismantle d on e o f the m on e hilariou s nigh t an d packe d i t aboar d th e boat . Whe n the y joine d th e Flee t i n th e Mediterranean , the y uncarte d Bernie' s benc h an d se t i t u p i n Rome ! Garrar d 77O M $ KENWOO D Kenwoo d K A 550 0 Bos e 30 1 ' s Gorror d 77 0 M Reg . Retai l H i F i Magician s Pric e A Magica l Saving s t o yo u o f 249.9 5 198.0 0 169.0 0 $616.9 5 $476.0 0 $140.0 0 SWIFT' S Lookin g fo r a Quality , lo w priced , Nam e Bran d Stere o Componen t System ? Wel l loo k n o further . W e a t Swift s hav e foun d i t fo r yo u an d wit h name s lik e Kenwood , Garrar d an d Bose , yo u ar e assure d years'o f troubl e free , beautifull y soundin g music . Include d i s Kenwood' s amazin g lo w dis » tortio n K A 550 0 Amplifier . Th e K A SSOO' s 5 5 watt s pe r channe l wil l reall y mak e th e Bos e 30 1 direct/reflectin g Bookshel f Speak er s driv e har d & solid . Thes e ar e unbeliev abl y smal l bu t poten t loudspeakers . Th e in comparabl e Bos e design , create s a Spaciou s ye t extremel y clea n soun d yo u woul d expec t fro m speaker s 3 & 4 time s th e siz e o f th e 301's . Wit h th e Powe r o f th e K A 550 0 & th e beautifu l sound s o f th e Bose , Garrar d bes t complete s thi s syste m circui t wit h thei r ne w lo w profil e & full y functiona l 77 0 M Recor d Changer . Th e 77 0 M i s Garrards 1 lates t ver sio n o f a tim e prove n Garrar d design . In clude d i n thi s packag e i s th e Shur e M9 3 car tridge , a standar d i n qualit y pick-up's . Kenwood , Bose , & Garrard . Goo d Sounds , lo w price , excellen t warranties . Yo u can' t ge t bette r fo r less . Com e hea r thi s Syste m i n th e Soun d Roo m & b e Convince d it' s th e on e fo r You . A t Swift' s courtes y o f th e H i F i Magician . £•• 8*4 ? RWM M HMJ K BU T A S EVE R wit h th e wa y o f th e worl d (an d especiall y i n politic s wher e chang e i s Rul e No . 1) , a s on e loca l ob serve r pu t it : , "Th e out s wante d in , an d th e in s wante d t o sta y there. " Throug h 1 4 term s i n th e Florid a legislature , Berni e ha d carefull y molde d a n interlockin g powe r structur e fo r him sel f an d hi s minion s f n th e Keys . Wheneve r hi s dominatio n seeme d threatened , Papy' s favorit e strateg y wa s t o bea t hi s opponen t heavil y i n th e electio n an d the n placat e th e oppositio n b y dolin g ou t politica l plum s — lik e appointin g hi s opponen t t o a cush y publi c job , namin g hi m t o a judicia l ^ , -sea t i f on e wa s open,o r i n som e wa y smoothin g th e ruffle d g feathers . ©o n ©uixot e i&teaf e an b Hotete r $?ous e flambeed dishes, tart, spicy flavors Intimate dining rooms. Come in your casual clothes Dance into the morning. LON G YEAR S i n power , though , le d inevitabl y t o abuse s mainl y throug h hi s tremendou s influenc e insid e th e count y courthouse , whic h wa s rule d the n b y th e count y commission . l Severa l electe d count y officeholder s wer e clearl y indebte d I t o Berni e fo r hi s stron g support . Th e benefit s t o friend s an d backer s cam e throug h ta x breaks , publi c jobs , roa d deals , rea l estat e preferences , insid e tip s o n impendin g development s o n th e Keys , wher e surroundin g lan d coul d b e bough t cheapl y an d the n jum p sharp l y i n valu e onc e a roa d o r bridg e wa s announced . Th e politica l gam e playe d her e wa s a s ol d an d familia r a s dominoes . It' s th e sam e gam e playe d anywher e there' s a singl e dominan t boss . BU T THER E come s a time.. . An d th e time , i n th e sprin g o f 1962 , arrive d wit h Ramo s ' * a s th e ma n o n th e scene , a t th e righ t tim e i n th e righ t place . to be continued' next issue Bi g Coppit t Ke y a t mil e marke r 1 0 PHONE : 296-S00 9 KE Y WES T ffiFASHIOHI ISLAMORAD A MARATHO N KE Y WES T MIAM I FT . LAU D ERDAL E SILVE R SPRING S ST . PET E BEAC H CLEA R WATE R WINTE R PAR K DAYTON A BEAC H VER O BEAC H JACKSONVILL E HOUSTO N HILTO N HEA D K I A W A H ISLAN D VIRGINI A BEAC H ANNAPOU S BALTIMOR E GATLINBUR G NANTUCKE T YOU'R E INVITE D T O A PART Y PLANTASIA' S 1S T BIRT H DA Y OPE N HOUS E SUNDA Y DEC . 5t h 125 P.M . Joi n U s Fo r Ou r Celebratio n An d Se e Ou r Beautifu l Arra y O f Christma s Gifts , Jewelry , Candles , Macram e Hangers , Pot s an d Lovel y Plant s LAY-AWA Y TI L D EG . 15t h GIF T CERTIFICATE S FRE E DRAWIN G FO R DOO R PRIZE S OPE N MON-SA T 108 SUNDAY S 125 110 2 Whit e Street , Ke y West , Florid a Opposit e Gul f Strea m Marke t MMfltrMi H

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    r 2 0 TH E PORTER ALLE N CO., INC . irvsoranc e sinc e I d I WILLIA M A . FREEMA N ** . WILLIA M A . FREgJM H JR . PAVI P W , FREEWA H | m Floo r Coverin g Co. Oldes t floo r y \r\ -Hie , 62 1 Flemin g 5 t 2^6-201 1 Floo r Til e • C < rpei " pornMe a • Floo r ^flffcl i Torginc j •Seamlee » H a ARTIST S UNLIMITE D lh/ art work Pitett <5 o . Carriag e Trad e 5S a Eato n S t 3 operator s 296-274 9 "Ke y West' s onl y Nit e Club " Sout h Roosevel t Blvd . Ro y Butle r Saud i Arabi a workin g o n a commissio n fo r a n Ara b businessman . Roy' s mothe r an d father , Mr . an d Mrs . Ro y Butler , Sr. , stil l liv e here . A splendi d piec e o f meta l sculptur e grace s th e lobb y o f th e Ramad a Inn . A . mangrov e tre e wit h bird s flyin g over hea d i s th e them e o f thi s lovel y ar t work . Th e artist , Ro y Butler , i s well know n throughou t th e world . Ke y Wes t ca n legitimately"cal l hi m on e o f it s own . Ro y wa s bor n i n State n Islan d H2 year s ag o an d move d her e whe n he . wa s 1 5 year s old . H e wen t t o Hig h Schoo l i n Ke y Wes t an d playe d footbal l fo r th e team . Afte r returnin g fro m th e servic e h e marrie d Sandr a Carbonell , daughte r o f loca l dentis t Fre d Carbonell , an d worke d a t th e Nav y Yard . On e da y Ro y go t t o foolin g aroun d wit h a torc h an d fashione d a pelica n fro m som e piece s o f meta l tha t wer e aroun d th e base . H e go t intereste d i n workin g wit h thi s mediu m an d soo n wa s turnin g ou t meta l bird s an d fishe s fo r friends . Finall y h e sol d a bir d t o a loca l galler y fo r Ib ^ and , aide d an d encour age d b y loca l artis t Pau l Stevens , Ro y reall y go t unde r way . Then , fatefully , du e t o a cut-bac k a t th e Nav y Base , hi s ol d jo b wa s discontinue d an d h e wa s offere d a ne w one . I t wa s no w 1969 , an d Ro y ha d bee n workin g a t hi s sculp tur e fo r 1 1 years . Ro y Butle r mad e a momentou s deci sion . Encourage d b y hi s parents , h e decide d t o tak e th e bi g leap . H e lef t th e Nav y Base , sol d hi s house , cashe d i n hi s bond s an d heade d u p t o th e Laud erdal e are a wher e ther e wa s a bigge r potentia l t o sel l hi s meta l sculpture . Jus t a s th e las t o f hi s mone y ra n out , Ro y lande d a bi g commissio n fro m th e Tamp a Airport . H e designe d a col lectio n o f flyin g bird s fo r thei r lobby . Th e commission s bega n t o com e i n afte r tha t an d h e wa s soo n establishe d a s a leadin g artist . H e i s currentl y i n DISTINCTIV E GIR S FRO M SOUT H AN D NORT H AMERIC A QUALIT Y LEATHE R PURSE S AN D TOTE S ESKIM Q SOAPSTON E AN D WHALEBON E SCULPTUR E HANDCRAFTE D JEWELR Y 43 0 Green e Stree t Jewelr y 2I7DUVALS T EBSMITHIN G aAPID A 2I7DUVA L SILVEBSMITHIN G aAPIDAR V WOR K FRE E CUSTOM DESIGNIN G AN V SILVE R WIT H THI S A D Also , thre e o f hi s aunt s cal l Ke y Wes t home . On e o f them , Mrs . Elid a Seder ber g ha s bee n her e fo r fift y years . Hi s othe r tw o aunts , Mrs . Renat a Franci s an d Mrs . Hele n Rafalsky , hav e live d her e fo r man y years . 42 5 M T CUISIN B DINNER , 6-1 1 p*\ . ^ F4A . fish STOR Y b y Dic k Smitte n KEY WEST IS FULL OF SEA CAPTAINS AND SEA FARING MEN. THEY ALL HAVE STORIES TO TELL. . .SOME TRUE,, SOME NOT SO TRUE. THIS ONE WAS TOLD TO ME BY ONE OF KEY WEST 'S MOST FAMOUS CAPTAINS (AND BARTENDERS) . I BELIEVE IT IS MOSTLY TRUE. Th e tim e wa s 194d , th e wa r ha d ende d bu t th e nav y bas e wa s stil l ver y active . A youn g nav y seama n firs t clas s ( a Ke y Wes t nativ e statione d i n Ke y West , th e so n o f a commercia l fish erman) , ha d bee n fishin g th e ree f fo r snappe r an d groupe r ever y nigh t fo r a wee k i n hi s father' s boat . An d every ' nigh t a s th e snappe r an d groupe r starte d t o follo w th e chu m lin e an d circl e hi s boa t s o di d th e sharks . Frustrate d wit h th e shark s cuttin g of f hi s catc h befor e the y reache d th e boa t h e trie d desperatel y t o fin d a "solution. " Afte r a fe w day s h e cam e u p wit h th e ide a o f takin g ou t a rifl e an d shootin g th e sharks . Tha t nigh t :h e wen t out . arme d an d sur e enoug h th e 'shark s appeare d an d h e starte d t o shoo t _ ;bu t al l h e manage d t o d o wa s ge t th e ishark s mor e excite d an d int o a frenzy.. . s o hi s fishin g wa s ended . Bac k o n shor e h e cam e u p wit h anothe r idea . . . a han d grenade . S o h e commandeere d a concussio n grenad e (n o shrapnel) ; ver y powerful . Tha t nigh t h e starte d hi s chu m lin e an d go t th e snapper , yellowtail , an d groupe r t o circl e th e boat , an d fo r abou t tw o hour s th e fishin g wa s excellent . Bu t sur e enoug h thos e bi g ugl y shark s appeare d an d starte d t o cu t of f hi s fish . H e wa s read y thi s time...h e ha d save d a larg e snappe r dt > pounds) . H e ha d stuffe d th e fis h wit h th e liv e gre nad e an d a wir e o n th e pin . H e waite d fo r th e larges t shark...abou t a 1 0 foo t Hammerhea d an d thre w hi m th e loade d snapper . Th e shar k attacke d th e bai t an d ha d i t i n hi s mouth . H e pulle d th e wir e t o ar m th e grenad e an d shoute d wit h glee . Unfortunatel y th e shar k heade d righ t fo r th e boa t an d ou r hero' s shout turne d int o a scream . Th e shar k mad e i t unde r th e boa t an d th e explosio n ble w of f th e transo m (back ) o f th e boat . Th e boa t san k i n les s tha n 5 minutes . Th e othe r com mercia l boat s cam e ove r an d rescue d ou r her o wh o wa s holdin g ont o a lif e raft . Whe n h e reache d shor e h e ha d t o . explai n t o hi s fathe r ho w ha d sun k hi s boat . Th e fathe r didn' t wan t t o se e hi m agai n fo r tw o years . MORAL : DON' T HAND-GRENAD E TH E SHARKS . CAPT . TONY' S I S TH E OLDES T ACTIV E BA R N FLORIDA ! ESQUIR E MAGA2INE.. . "ON E O F TH E TO P TE N GREA T BAR S I N TH E NATION " eAPT.TONT S SALOO N 4-gSG-REEN E ST , . "Securit y Specialists " WILLIAMS LOCKSMIT H SCISSO R SHARPENIN G LOCK S CHANGE D Busines s Saf e Aut o Hom e Boa t BURGLA R ALARM S TUBULA R KEY S 110 3 Truma n Ave . Ke y West , Fl . 3304 0 Da y 296-832 9 Nigh t 294-076 8 Custo m • » ' Girge r brea d Frame s Handwoce i furniture Furnitur e Repq i r
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    2 2 Come , Sample , Enjoy ! 52 8 Rxmf c Stree t 54 0 Green e Stree t Ke y West , Florid a 3304 0 Ove r 10 0 Uniqu e Fragrance s _ beautifull y packaged ! Fin e Cosmetics , Sun , an d After-Su n Product s Mad e fro m hig h concentration s o f Alo e extrac t i n ou r ow n laborator y i n Ke y West...wher e th e Alo e grows . YO U AU WUCOMg T O WA1CH OU S UIOIATORV AT WOJK i Also : Milemaflce r 82 . Islamorada . BO O DUVA L STREE T KE Y WEST , FLORID A 33O4 O MEMBE B AMERICA N GE M SOCIET Y tX ^ ) KEY WEST TOBACCOS PIPES , CIGARS , CUSTO M BLENDE D TOBACCO S AN D SMOKIN G ACCESSORIE S NEWLY REMODELED "UPSTAIRS " HARBO R HOUS E ARCAD E 42 3 FRON T ST . 294-681 0 \ Wh y I Ra n 2 3 b y Ar t Weine r Th e phon e ha s stoppe d ringing , th e fina l financia l statement s hav e bee n sub mitte d an d th e "than k you " note s ar e i n th e mail . Signs , poster s an d bumpe r sticker s hav e bee n take n down , trucke d t o th e dum p an d burned . Electio n defea t post-mortem s ar e amongs t th e mos t melanchol y o f contem porar y huma n activities . On e carrie s ou t th e necessar y task s rathe r cheerlessly . T o b e a ba d lose r i s unacceptable , bu t wha t i s a goo d loser ? On e canno t chee r th e smok e whic h carrie s skywar d one' s hope s fo r a bette r future . Yo u canno t sa y t o you r famil y an d friends , wh o worke d s o hard , tha t i t i s a goo d thin g t o lose . On e get s int o th e gam e t o win , an d Ameri ca n politics , at . best , i s a difficul t gam e t o play . Bu t dissatisfactio n an d unhapplnes s d o no t hav e t o lea d t o bitternes s an d despai r especiall y i f yo u playe d har d an d clean . An d on e reall y doe s wis h th e vic to r th e bes t o f luck , sinc e on e know s afte r month s o f analysis , ho w difficul t th e winner' s jo b wil l be . Bu t defea t doe s grac e th e lose r wit h tim e fo r reflectio n an d contemplation , a priz e seldo m grante d th e victor . Bu t why , yo u as k yoursel f i n retro spect , di d yo u choos e t o ru n fo r publi c office . A frien d ha d sai d a t th e outset , whe n yo u ha d mentione d th e prospect : "Onl y madme n an d dreamer s ge t involve d i n politics. " "I t i s obvious, " I replied , "give n onl y thos e tw o choices , tha t I mus t fi t int o th e latte r category]. " es peciall y sinc e m y act s wer e usuall y base d upo n idealisti c motive s (a t leas t i n m y mor e luci d moments) . Bu t ther e i s a definit e distinctio n betwee n idealis m an d fantasy . Th e abilit y t o mak e thi s dis criminatio n however , require s mor e tha n jus t brainpower . I t require s a considerabl e amoun t o f life-experienc e i n additio n t o a n ac cumulatio n o f boo k knowledge . Thi s i s a concep t tha t I hav e alway s trie d t o ge t acros s t o m y students ; tha t wisdo m i s th e offsprin g o f a marriag e betwee n knowledg e an d experience . Knowledg e mus t b e tie d t o experienc e t o hav e meanin g an d experienc e mus t b e tie d t o knowledg e t o hav e direction . A s a persona l operationa l philosophy , I hav e foun d myself , afte r man y year s i n th e Academy , seekin g ou t mor e direc t experience . Perhap s thi s wa s a sourc e o f unconsciou s motivatio n t o run . Bu t t o sa y tha t th e sol e motivatio n fo r suc h a personally , significan t ac t wa s jus t th e desir e fo r a ne w an d uniqu e experience , i s muc h to o simplistic . Othe r factors , suc h a s obligation , re sponsibilit y an d th e driv e fo r power , mus t als o b e plugge d int o th e equation . Fo r th e pas t eleve n year s I hav e watche d th e rap e o f th e Sout h Florid a environment . A s a graduat e student a t th e Universit y o f Miam i I wa s forced , becaus e o f th e degre e o f m y involvemen t i n m y studies , t o bea r silen t witnes s t o th e tragedy . But , i n m y mind , i t wa s im possibl e t o continu e nurturin g a n evolvin g lov e an d respec t fo r Natur e yet , a t th e sam e time , remainin g passiv e a s he r gut s wer e tor n out . S o i n orde r t o resolv e thi s inne r conflic t an d maintai n m y sani ty , I ha d t o accep t a certai n responsi bilit y fo r th e preservatio n o f th e value s whic h I ha d com e t o cherish . Thus , almos t immediatel y afte r leavin g school , 1 be cam e a n environmenta l activist . Perhap s th e decisio n t o becom e ac tivel y involve d i n thi s wa y wa s simpl y a n exercis e i n bein g human . Firs t a n awarenes s o f Sel f an d the n participatio n i n th e "rea l world " throug h th e proces s o f acceptin g a challeng e I n a creativ e spirit . A decisio n t o ac t i s normall y base d upo n a valu e judgement , a choic e betwee n a personall y define d goo d an d evil . Herei n i s th e classicall y accepte d essenc e o f ma n — freedo m o f choice , o r a s state d b y th e philosophe r Pau l Tillich : Ma n become s trul y huma n onl y a t th e tim e o f decision , whe n h e exercise s fre e will " . Bu t thi s freedo m I s inseparabl y linke d wit h responsibilit y bot h fo r ou r choic e o f value s an d ou r act s base d upo n them . Onl y throug h thi s proces s o f activel y integratin g ourselve s wit h th e externa l worl d d o w e fulfil l ou r potentia l a s huma n bemg s an d evolv e toward s highe r state s o f consciousness . Thi s i s not alway s easy , especiall y fo r th e thinke r an d In trovert . Bu t a s T.H . Huxle y ha s said : Perhap s th e mos t valuabl e resul t o f al l educatio n i s th e abilit y t o mak e yoursel f d o th e thin g yo u hav e t o do , whe n i t °^? h t *°, b \^ one ' Aethe r yo u lik e i t o r ; i t i s th e firs t lesso n tha t ough t " r r # / FAUSTO S OO D FALACE 1 NO T jUS f A 6R3CEKY" ' A SOCIA L CENT6 R t o b e learned ; an d howeve r earl y a man' s trainin g begins , i t i s probabl y th e las t lesso n tha t h e learn s thoroughly. " Thu s m y decisio n t o ru n fo r a sea t o n th e Monro e Count y Boar d o f Count y Com missioner s represente d a logica l ac t whe n viewe d withi n th e contex t o f thi s persona l commitmen t t o becom e a n activ e conserva tionist . Whe n looke d a t fro m anothe r poin t o f vie w however , dedicatio n t o a n idea l o r nobl e se t o f value s involve s a certai n amoun t o f sacrifice . An d t o ru n fo r politica l offic e Involve s a consider abl e amoun t o f self-sacrifice . I t i s a t thi s poin t tha t on e must acknowledg e one' s ego . Th e egotistica l natur e o f politic s shoul d b e obviou s t o al l politicians . "I " ca n d o I t bette r — th e ultimat e powe r trip . "I " a m sacrificin g mysel f t o m y ideals . Bu t a s Aldou s Huxle y point s out , thi s i s simpl y a projectio n o f th e ego . "Wha t i s commonl y calle d self-sacrific e I s th e sacrific e o f on e par t o f th e eg o t o anothe r part , on e se t o f persona l feeling s an d passion s fo r anothe r set. " Thu s th e driv e t o powe r i s fuele d b y ego tistica l energie s previousl y utilize d t o powe r othe r desires . T o underestimat e th e powe r driv e o f th e eg o i s t o ris k missin g th e lesso n o f Watergate . Asid e fro m thes e Interna l factors , m y motivationa l analysi s easil y discovere d anothe r componen t i n th e decision . Thi s i s th e easies t t o understan d — a frus-. ' tratio n an d dissatisfactio n wit h th e ex istin g structur e o f th e Commission . Thi s primar y leve l o f government , embodie d t o b e closes t t o th e peopl e an d therefor e mos t awar e o f thei r needs , wa s makin g a mes s o f things . Th e Commissio n ha d be com e almos t completel y unresponsiv e t o th e legitimat e demand s mad e upo n the m b y th e Monro e Count y citizenry . Th e Commissio n wa s answerabl e onl y t o specia l interes t group s an d wa s eithe r unwillin g o r unabl e t o pla n fo r th e order l y futur e developmen t o f th e Keys . Be caus e o f this , w e wer e (an d are ) sufferin g fro m th e result s o f decision s whic h di d , no t tak e int o accoun t th e uniqu e an d in timat e relationship s betwee n ou r economy , qualit y o f lif e an d ou r environment . Ther e wa s n o expertis e o n th e Commissio n abl e t o dea l effectivel y wit h th e Stat e an d Federa l bureaucracie s whic h hav e th e ultimat e regulator y authorit y i n matter s Sale s an d Servic e VOLPIAI M ifO O TK0MA M AVE . 2f l o f environmenta l protection , lan d us e an d resourc e management . Thu s durin g th e las t fiv e years , th e spli t betwee n th e Intellectua l leadershi p o f th e County , Wh o perceive d thi s problem , an d th e ex istin g loca l civi l authorit y widene d t o a broa d gulf . Eventuall y oppositio n t o ou r Inef fectiv e loca l governmen t manifeste d itsel f i n th e environmenta l movement . Thi s gras s root s socia l movement , alread y wel l unde r wa y o n th e mainland , inevitabl y emerge d i n th e Key s becaus e o f th e desperat e nee d t o preserv e th e economy , qualit y o f lif e an d environmenta l amenitie s o f th e area . Thi s coul d onl y b e accomplishe d effective l y b y challengin g th e decision-makin g power s veste d i n ou r loca l government . Succes s o f thi s strateg y woul d b e achieve d throug h th e enactmen t o f growt h guideline s an d loca l ordinance s whic h recognize d th e critica l interrelationships , an d throug h th e electio n o f competen t po litica l leader s willin g t o enforc e th e ne w regulations . Th e onl y sourc e o f thi s typ e o f leadershi p wa s withi n th e emergen t en vironmenta l refor m movement . I n th e Sprin g o f 197 3 th e movemen t coalesce d throug h th e formatio n o f th e Florid a Key s Citizen s Coalition , a con federatio n o f loca l citizens ' association s an d conservatio n groups . Afte r thre e year s o f existence , thi s allianc e ha s grow n t o includ e 2 1 organizations . It s strengt h centere d o n th e commo n goals , collectiv e experienc e an d expertis e o f it s constituents . Initia l successe s in clude d th e "anti-hi-rise " movement , spearheade d b y Uppe r Key s an d Ke y Wes t groups , th e declaratio n o f th e Florid a Key s a s a n Are a o f Critica l Concer n an d th e passag e o f a stat e la w prohibitin g the•harvestin g o f corals . Th e Coalitio n als o acte d a s a n en vironmenta l watchdo g an d informatio n clearinghous e alertin g member s an d regu lator y agencie s o f imprope r developmen t practices , traditionall y a commo n practic e i n th e Keys . O n severa l occasion s membe r group s initiate d an d carrie d ou t litiga tio n agains t propose d development s whic h wer e no t i n th e publi c interes t an d whic h woul d hav e ha d advers e environmenta l con sequences . Man y o f thes e case s wer e con clude d successfull y becaus e lega l an d othe r professiona l expertis e wa s coordi nate d throug h th e Coalition . Althoug h th e Coalitio n wa s no t explicitl y political , i t serve d t o prepar e it s activ e member s fo r fron t lin e duty . Gytsrvwa* o i TH E AQUARIU M Gree n Turtle s Sharks , Eel s LARG E SELECTIO N O F Ree f Tropica l Fis h Also next door ... SHEL L WAREHOUS E Larges t Shel l Sho p i n Florid a Shell s fro m Florid a an d aroun d th e Worl d Specime n Shell s Availabl e MALLORY SQUARE Tak e a guide d tou r o l a 168-foo t Spanis h treasur e galleo n buil t b y Treasur e Salvors , Inc . o l Ke y West , th e world' s larges t treasur e huntin g organization . Se e wha t lif e aboar d shi p wa s lik e i n th e 1600's . Se e som e o f th e treasur e tha t ha s bee n foun d i n Florid a waters . Se e th e cannon s fro m th e "Nuestr a Senor a d e Atocha " whic h san k i n 162 2 of f Ke y West . Sh e carrie d a carg o value d a t ove r 10 0 millio n dollars . Se e th e technique s Treasur e Salvor s i s usin g t o recove r he r gold , silve r an d gems . WRECKER S WHAR F 63 3 Fron t Stree t IC E CREA M 7 0 FLAVOR S HAR D IC E CREA M SOF T IC E CREA M Vanill a & Chocolat e SUNDAE S • SHAKE S • MALT S IC E CREA M SODA S • BANAN A SPLIT S TROPICA L DELIGH T — PIN A COLAD A Part y Roo m Availabl e SEARSTOW N PLAZ A 294-966 5 Liv e Puppe t Show s Availabl e

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    r • ©ul5sCan d an d t/tadtttona C dishe s dessert s — {ine wine s an d bee n Seatin g indooj s an d o n th e pati o Sutida g champagn e b/iutic h {AO W 1 1 —^Diiwe/ i ^o m 6 —Close d Tuesda y ©n e Moc b sout h o j ttaoAuduboH'Sfous e SOSWiitehea d St . 9(1.296-300 0 JOMN5O N JOHNSO N RE A U T O R SALE S AM D APPRAISAL S Rfcs.lPE.H T IAL CONU4£RC\A L W.M . W.M . ARHOLt ? W1LU 1 A M 42 1 &T A Quality Shop Antique s Refurbishe d Fin e Cabinetr y Earl y America n Reproduction s Chair s Cane d * Ree d & Ratta n Repair s Bil l Emery Phon e 294-679 4 s FFE S SHO P LIGH T &^EAKFAS T AN D EVENIN G SNAC K SANDWICHE S p Si x Day s a We& K O N TH E WATER f ftOtfT 1UN0 S EW D VILLAGE O F A s chairma n an d chie f organize r o f th e group , I ha d becom e ver y familia r wit h th e problem s o f th e are a an d th e nee d t o elec t ne w leadershi p t o th e Count y Com mission . Th e 197 6 electio n wa s critica l t o th e continuin g succes s o f th e movemen t sinc e i t afforde d th e opportunit y t o re plac e thre e incumbents . Jerom e Shipley , who m mos t o f ou r member s supporte d i n th e 197* 4 election , wa s sympatheti c t o ou r philosophy . Thu s w e neede d t o ge t a t leas t tw o mor e fello w thinker s o n th e Board . Do n Schloesser , presiden t o f th e Uppe r Key s Citizen s Association , wa s th e natura l choic e t o oppos e Harr y Harris . A t leas t on e mor e candidat e wa s needed . An d so , anothe r determinan t i n m y decisio n i s identified . Bu t durin g th e week s an d month s spen t agonizin g ove r th e option , man y negativ e aspect s becam e apparent : a n almos t tota l lac k o f ex perienc e i n establishmen t politics , th e desir e t o maintai n a privat e lif e wit h norma l familia l relationships , th e nega tiv e effect s o n m y pursui t o f a profes siona l caree r i n teachin g an d science , and , las t bu t no t least , th e odd s agains t winning . \Bu t perhaps , i n th e fina l analysis , I coul d no t come , t o a rationa l conclusio n fo r wha t wa s essentiall y a n irrationa l decision , o r a s Pasca l ha s said : "Th e hear t ha s it s reason s tha t reaso n take s n o accoun t o f . " S o i t began . Announcement s t o th e newspapers ; filin g o f forms , financia l statements , mor e forms , mor e financia l statements . I discovere d wh y ther e ar e s o man y attorney s i n politic s — the y ar e th e onl y one s adequatel y traine d t o cop e wit h th e re d tap e require d t o ru n fo r publi c office . Then , designin g lit erature , bumpe r stickers , poster s an d signs ; trip s t o th e printer s an d th e bank . "Mone y i s what i t takes, " th e "pros " glibl y advise d me . "Jus t rais e $15,00 0 an d th e electio n i s yours. " O f cours e tha t wil l ge t yo u int o a run-of f s o yo u Harbo r Hous e Arcad e "ENGRAVED " ($1.25-$2.50 ) Brass/Gol d Christma s Ornaments ' engrave them yoursell or we mill iree W e Shi p Everywher e FINES T CHRISTMA S GIF T SELECTIO N A T BROWS E A BRAU N SHOPP E HARBO R HOUS E 42 3 FRON T STREE T KE Y WES T 294-390 0 OPE N DAIL Y Gfift$~ Curte-ttluseutt t GEORG E SE E OU R MARIH E ZO O EXHIBIT S AN D ACTUALL Y HOL D SE A LIF E I N YOU R HAND S 20 0 Margare t Street , i n Land' s En d Villag e • Phon e 296-944 3 FARRINGTO N GALLERIE S INC . Paintings • Graphics Collectors' Prints Custom Framing Ope n 6 day s 294-691 1 71 1 Duva l St . (a t Angela ) Par k i n rea r WORL D WID E TRAVE L SERVIC E AI R RAI L STEAMSHI P KE Y WES T 51 4 Southar d S t 296-572 2 MARATHO N Win n Dixi e Plaz a 1099 0 Oversea s Hw y 743-527 4 wil l hav e t o rais e anothe r $5,00 0 afte r th e firs t primary . Hav e yo u eve r trie d t o rais e $15,00 0 offerin g onl y you r in tegrit y an d credential s a s collateral ? Realit y dawne d earl y o n thi s campaign . Traditionall y th e conservatio n movemen t ha s alway s bee n over-idealisti c an d under financed : coul d i t suppor t tw o candidates ? Slowl y th e mone y cam e in ; friend s an d supporter s gav e generously , oftentime s contributin g fa r mor e tha n the y coul d ac tuall y afford . I t wa s a hars h lesso n i n humilit y t o hav e you r han d ou t ever y tim e a bil l wa s due . Bu t thos e tha t believe d gave , an d opene d u p thei r hone s an d heart s an d aske d thei r friend s t o liste n an d per hap s giv e too . Some,wh o wer e i n a stron g positio n t o len d suppor t woul d onl y bac k a "winner. " Bu t ho w coul d yo u becom e a winne r withou t support ? An d s o man y o f thos e tha t gav e dol lar s als o gav e hour s an d days . Lon g period s o f tedious , repetitiv e tasks : typing , folding , gluing , stampin g an d telephoning ; standin g i n fron t of , shoppin g TIKALTRADIN G COMPAN Y CENTRA L AMERICA N FRONTS* . center s an d pos t office s tacklin g stranger s an d solicitin g thei r suppor t whil e you r sensitivitie s mel t awa y i n th e Summe r heat . Tlii s i s th e essenc e o f campaigning-a t th e gras s root s — wor k tha t doe s no t en gende r feeling s o f glamo r o r excitement . Th e logistic s o f runnin g a politica l campaig n i n th e Florid a Key s ar e formidable . S o ver y ofte n ther e ar e meeting s 10 0 mile s apar t o n th e sam e day . Th e miracl e o f th e Summe r wa s tha t nor. e o f th e candidate s wa s wipe d ou t o n th e highwa y o r committe d hari-kar i b y jumpin g of f th e Seven-Mil e Bridg e becaus e th e tur n bridg e wa s stuc k n d ther e wa s no w n o possibilit y o f at tendin g th e meetin g o f th e Aardvar k Pro tectio n Society , whos e membershi p repre sente d a t leas t thre e votes . An d speeches , ca n yo u imagin e wha t ± t ± s lik e t o hea r th e sam e 3 0 speeche s ever y da y fo r fou r weeks ? Ther e wer e time s the n I fel t tha t i f I hear d tha t sam e ba d J ok e agai n m y brai n woul d tur n t o tun a fish . Polishe d rhetori c doe s no t charac teriz e a loca l politica l campaign . Antique s Importe d Reproduction s Lanip s an d Accessorie s (I n Brass ) 294-626 7 B.J . an d Spik e Chwioi t 61 7 Duva l Slrw l Ke y West , Florid a 3304 0 Ke y Wes t Ar t Cente r ANNOUNCIN G KE Y WES T AR T CENTER' S 1976-7 7 SEASO N A JURIE D SHO W TO'B E EXHIBITE D FRO M SUNDAY , NOV . 2 1 thr u SATURDA Y DEC . 1 1 SE E PAINTING S WHIC H HAV E BEE N AWARDE D RIBBON S B Y A JUR Y O F JUDGES . FRE E T O TH E PUBLI C 30 1 FRON T STREE T On e learn s abou t integrity , bot h i n onesel f an d i n others. " Thi s i s achieve d throug h carefu l inspectio n o f th e compromise s an d politicall y expedien t decision s on e mus t mak e i n orde r t o win , I t i s no t easy , i n America n politic s t o "b e tru e t o thin e ownself. " . An d on e finds , a s Edmun d Burk e ha s said : " A larg e par t o f wisdo m i s t o kno w ho w muc h o f th e cor ruptio n o f huma n natur e i t i s wis e t o tolerate. " Ou r governmen t i s mos t certainl y a reflectio n o f th e electorate' s abilit y an d willingnes s t o becom e awar e o f th e issue s an d th e candidates . I f th e peopl e elec t a contrive d image , the n the y wil l ge t governmen t b y illusio n an d sleigh t o f hand . Imager y an d expedien t compro mis e begi n i n th e campaig n bu t ar e brough t t o fruitio n durin g th e ter m (o r terms ) o f office . Thu s m y limite d politica l experienc e ha s brough t m e t o th e poin t wher e I ten d t o agre e wit h th e Nobe l laureat e Sau l Bellow , wh o recentl y observe d that : "Peopl e ar e reall y fa r mor e naiv e an d simple-hearte d tha n w e commonl y suppose. " Peopl e wan t t o believ e i n trut h an d i n th e intrinsi c honest y o f thei r electe d officials . S o the y becom e lik e lovers , projectin g nonexisten t virtue s ont o th e beloved . Bu t ultimatel y realit y emerge s an d wit h i t lov e dies . Fo r no w w e mus t al l wai t an d watc h th e result s o f th e decisi.on s w e mad e be hin d th e close d curtain . W e hav e ne w leadership , a t al l levels , an d change , i f nothin g else , inspire s hope . I com e awa y fro m m y experienc e wit h a positiv e attitud e an d a sens e o f hope fullnes s fo r th e future . M y decisio n was , i n th e fina l analysis , a wis e one . I n th e word s o f Carlo s Castaneda : " A ma n o f knowledg e live s b y acting , no t b y thinkin g abou t acting,,no r b y thinkin g abou t wha t h e wil l thin k abou t whe n h e ha s finishe d acting . A ma n o f knowledg e choose s a pat h wit h hear t an d follow s it ; an d the n h e look s an d rejoices. " SHO E REPAIRIN G TRUMA N AVENU E SHO E REPAI R 102 4 TRUMA N AVENUE , KE Y WES T (across from Big Daddy "$) TELEPHON E 294-138 8 HANDMAD E • SANDAL S Under New Ownership Onk j Sho o Repai r Sho p Key s FAS T SERVICE ! PIONEE R DIV E CLU B i s prou d t o announc e tha t th e Pionee r Div e Cente r i s no w Ope n t o th e Publi c Specializing in DIVIN G ADVENTURE S Basi c Certificatio n an d othe r classe s availabl e AI R • EQUIPMEN T • RENTAL S Hilto n Have n Motel , N . Roosevel t Blv d • 296-692 5 PDU
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    2 6 Copt . DOB' 6 RESTAURAN T Fres h daily , rightrfrom-the-ocean SEAFOO D Ra w Oyster s Shrim p Steame d i n Bee r Conc h Chowde r Lobste r & Turtl e Stea k Homemad e Ke y Lim e Pi e Ope n 11:3 0 a.m . t o 1 1 p.m . Dail y 90 8 Carolin e St . 294-900 5 soumg)O5tvB.t»ix»rJuaiAi * lament ' an a Professiona l Instructio n Ree f Trip s F\e+ai l Sale s •o n Cour t • Fre 4 Perry Adida s • Pura-Fibs r A BOUTIQU E FO R TH E CLASSI C LAD Y eauftju ? an d uniqu e assoAtmeH t o { efofliln g {tar n d*essi j dAesse s t o bafkiii j suits . ANCHO R MEW S 20 8 DUVA L STREE T KE Y WES T FLORID A 3304 0 i n th e ai r b y Richar d Mars h I N TH E 1930' s Le e DeForest , th e invento r o f th e vacuu m tub e tha t mad e radi o commerciall y feasible , foresa w th e adolescen t broadcastin g indus-tr y a s th e mediu m fo r a vas t cultura l awaken ing . Symphon y orchestra s an d colleg e lecturer s woul d b e hear d throughou t th e land . Educatio n an d th e fin e art s woul d lea p distance s an d surmoun t environmen ta l barrier s t o brin g cultur e t o th e masses . B y th e tim e o f hi s deat h i n 196 1 i t wa s clea r tha t bot h radi o an d tele visio n wer e firml y settle d int o th e rol e o f merchant , rathe r tha n teacher ; follow er , no t leader . Th e broadcastin g in dustr y i s i n busines s t o sel l commer cials , no t t o educat e o r enlighten . I n orde r t o sel l commercials , a radi o o r t v statio n mus t demonstrat e t o th e po tentia l advertise r tha t th e statio n ha s listeners . Th e mor e listener s th e sta tio n has , th e mor e i t ca n charg e fo r it s commercials . Onc e th e expense s ar e pai d an d th e profit s made , som e kin d o f atten tio n ca n b e give n t o raisin g th e cultura l consciousnes s o f th e audience . I n fact , som e kin d o f consideratio n mus t b e give n t o th e publi c goo d i n orde r t o pleas e th e Federa l Communication s Commission . Whe n licens e renewa l tim e roll s around , th e FC C i s goin g t o as k th e statio n ho w muc h tim e i t ha s devote d t o communit y service . A n eas y wa y ou t i s t o pla y lot s o f PSA's publi c servic e announcement s — lik e militar y recruiting , cance r prevention , hear t diseas e education , an d loca l com munit y activit y announcements . A goo d businessma n runnin g a radi o statio n wil l giv e th e listener s wha t the y want t o hear , unlik e a goo d teach er , wh o give s hi s student s wha t the y nee d t o know . A goo d teache r runnin g a radi o statio n wil l soo n fin d himsel f bac k i n th e classroom , hi s statio n sol d t o a goo d businessman . Ther e ar e tw o alternative s t o com mercia l radio , neithe r o f whic h i s with ou t it s drawbacks . A statio n ca n con ver t t o a listener-supporte d status , de pendin g o n th e listener s t o pa y th e bill s rathe r tha n th e advertisers , o r i t ca n b e ru n a s a hobb y b y a wealth y ma n wh o ca n clai m i t a s a money-losin g busines s venture . A listener-supporte d station,ca n onl y surviv e i n a larg e city , wher e ther e ar e enoug h peopl e wh o wan t an d wil l pa y fo r a specifie d typ e o f non-commercia l programmin g lik e classi ca l o r jaz z musi c o r a fin e art s format . A hobb y statio n wil l b e ru n t o pleas e th e statio n owner . Neithe r i s mean t t o b e responsiv e t o th e majorit y taste . Capitalis m an d democrac y joi n i n a peaceful , workabl e partnershi p i n th e fiel d o f mas s media . A radi o statio n o r a newspape r tha t give s th e peopl e ft\all animal s < a cewpfeb e lin e o f pe t supplie s PUz a Shoppin g Cent er wha t the y wan t i s rewarde d wit h th e larges t numbe r o f advertiser s an d th e greates t profits . Responsivenes s t o th e popula r tast e i s goo d business . THER E AR E CURRENTL Y thre e radi o station s i n Ke y Wes t — WKWF , WKIZ , an d WFYN-F M — an d sometim e nex t sprin g ther e wil l b e tw o mor e F M stations . Thi s articl e i s intende d t o investigat e th e questio n o f whethe r o r no t Ke y Wes t i s wel l serve d b y it s radi o stations . I t woul d b e prematur e t o attemp t t o answe r tha t questio n now . E . Stratfor d Smith , th e ne w owne r o f WKW F an d it s forthcomin g siste r F M affiliate , says , "Whe n al l fiv e station s ar e o n th e ai r nex t spring , I thin k tha t wit h th e jockeyin g o f programmin g — whe n w e eac h fin d ou r prope r nich e — th e musi c an d communit y broadcastin g need s o f Ke y Wes t wil l b e full y covered. " Som e tim e nex t year , afte r al l fiv e station s hav e bee n o n th e ai r lon g enoug h t o stud y th e effec t o f thei r programmin g o n listener s an d advertisers , i t wil l b e prope r and , i n fact , importan t t o attemp t t o decid e i f th e radi o station s ar e servin g th e publi c interest . I f the y ar e not , direc t approache s ca n b e mad e t o th e station s themselve s b y group s o f listener s wh o fee l tha t thei r listenin g need s ar e no t bein g filled . I f tha t doe s no t work , th e FC C ca n b e notifie d o f listeners ' discontent , an d a whol e ne w tu b o f worm s ca n b e opened . No w i s no t th e tim e t o stra y tha t fa r int o th e future , bu t a t thi s poin t o f transitio n i n loca l radi o programming , w e ca n loo k aroun d a t th e recen t past , th e present , an d th e projecte d futur e t o se e wher e w e hav e com e from , wher e w e ar e now , an d wher e w e migh t b e going . WKI Z AN D WFYN-F M ar e th e constant s i n loca l broadcasting . Gayl e Swofford , Presiden t an d Genera l Manage r o f Florid a Key s Broadcastin g Corporation , whic h operate s th e tw o stations, , says , "Yo u won' t hea r u s chang e to o much . Wha t w e ar e doin g no w give s u s th e larges t audienc e i n al l day-part s (segment s o f th e da y an d evening ) tha t w e ca n possibl y get . Ou r musi c change s onl y a s musi c i n a popula r vei n change s . " _ Accordin g t o Timoth y Lee , a WKI Z announ cer , a recen t BROADCAS T MAGAZIN E surve y showe d tha t contemporar y musi c an d "beautiful " musi c wer e th e tw o mos t popula r an d mos t profitabl e format s nationwide . Le e als o sai d tha t a recen t AR B (America n Researc h Bureau ) surve y place d WKI Z an d WFY N a s th e to p tw o station s i n th e Florid a Keys , capturin g 85 % o f th e audience . WKI Z play s a con temporar y format , consistin g o f jazz , disco . To p ho, progressiv e rock , an d MAURY' S Colombia n Import s 5i? i u?!.U WOO D SCULPTURES , BRASS , WAL L HANGINGS , ORIGINA L AR T WORK S AN D OTHE R HANDICRAFT S Harbo r Hous e Arcad e 42 3 Fron t Stree t Ke y West , Florid a 3304 0 cross-ove r countr y countr y song s tha t hi t bot h th e countr y an d th e To p 4 0 charts . WFYN-F M play s a bran d o f "eas y listening " musi c tha t ha s i n recen t year s becom e know n a s "beautiful " music : mostl y instrumental , orchestrat e d version s o f current , recent , an d ol d popula r songs , th e kin d o f non-contro versial , soothin g crea m o f whea t tha t yo u hea r i n dentists ' office s an d whe n yo u ar e pu t o n "hold . " WKW F ALTERNATE D betwee n a n eas y listenin g variet y O f musi c an d th e Nash vill e bran d o f countr y musi c — countr y i n th e mornin g an d sometime s a t nigh t an d th e eas y listenin g i n th e afternoon — unti l Novembe r 1975 , whe n Jac k Spotts woo d too k ove r managemen t o f th e station . Unti l th e statio n wa s sol d Novembe r firs t o f thi s year , Duk e Yanacon e kep t hi s mornin g countr y show , bu t th e res t o f th e schedul e wa s give n ove r t o a free For m forma t consistin g o f mostl y "pro gressive " musi c and . a s'tartlingl y di vers e mixtur e o f Jazz , rock , folk , an d country . Mor e abou t thi s typ e o f pro grammin g afte r a loo k a t som e projecte d plans . WKWF' S F M AFFILIATE , whic h doe s no t ye t hav e cal l letter s assigned , wil l progra m "soli d gold " music , a formul a prove n successfu l elsewhere ; WAX Y i n For t Lauderdale , fo r example . "Soli d gold " reache s throug h th e mold y oldie s a s fa r bac k a s fiftee n o r twent y year s fo r blast s fro m th e past . I f yo u ar e i n you r thirtie s o r younger , yo u wil l hea r th e song s yo u gre w u p wit h o n thi s station , song s tha t yo u identif y wit h you r firs t discoverie s o f tende r feel ing s fo r th e opposit e sex , goo d times , whe n lif e wa s fu n an d carefree . Yo u wil l als o hea r commercial s fro m adver tiser s wh o kno w tha t yo u ar e i n you r house-car-furniture-applianc e buyin g years , tha t yo u ar e a t the . ag e whe n yo u wil l b e spendin g th e mos t money , an d tha t yo u wil l b e Incline d t o associat e th e commercia l message s wit h th e goo d feeling s tha t th e musi c bring s back . Nostalgi a i s goo d business . DAVI D FREEMAN , co-owne r wit h hi s brothe r Sheriff-elec t Bill y o f Th e Por ter-Alie n Company , ha s ambitious , far reaching , an d probabl y impossibl e plan s fo r hi s ne w F M station , WHS , whic h h e hope s t o hav e o n th e ai r b y nex t spring : "W e wan t t o operat e primaril y a s a com munit y radi o station . W e hav e a n ope n doo r polic y t o encourag e listene r parti cipatio n i n th e programming. " Tenta tively , th e 7 a m t o 1 1 p m schedul e wil l includ e 8-1 0 hour s o f classica l musi c pe r week , a n earl y evenin g children' s program , a progra m i n Spanis h aime d a t Ke y Wes t Cuba n interests , a variet y o f program s involvin g th e publi c library , Florid a Key s Communit y College , an d Jus t abou t an y grou p tha t ha s somethin g t o offe r o f communit y interest . Some thin g fo r everybody , a magazin e o f th e air , a Britis h Broadcastin g Corporatio n rang e o f programming , quasi-publi c radio , tota l commitmen t t o listener/communit y needs . I t sound s lik e eithe r a radi o listener' s drea m o r a statio n owne r wh o ha s neve r ru n a radi o statio n before . Th e secon d i s true ; th e firs t remain s t o b e proven . Davi d Freema n i s a n ex perience d han d a t th e technica l sid e o f radio . H e ha s bee n a ha m operato r fo r years , an d a frame d FC C Firs t Clas s Licens e o n th e wal l o f th e broadcas t boot h i n th e lobb y o f th e Porter-Alle n Compan y attest s t o hi s knowledg e o f wha t goe s o n behin d th e contro l boar d switche s an d dials . Freeman' s experienc e i n put tin g word s an d musi c int o thos e switche s an d dial s wil l b e obtaine d o n th e air , wit h everybod y listening . I t wil l b e lik e watchin g a chil d gro w u p t o liste n t o WH S a t first . THEORETICALLY , si x month s fro m no w mos t Ke y Wester s wil l b e abl e t o hea r jus t abou t anythin g the y wan t t o o n th e radio , a t leas t sometimes . Th e major it y wil l b e serve d b y th e contemporar y musi c o f WKIZ , th e "beautiful " musi c o f WFYN , th e "country-politan " o f WKWF , an d th e "soli d gold " o f th e unchristene d one . WHS , wit h somethin g fo r every body , wil l fil l i n th e gap s an d satisf y th e minorities . Yo u coul d ge t pick y an d tak e a censu s o f Black s i n Ke y West , an d coun t t o se e i f th e percentag e o f Blac k musi c o n th e ai r equal s th e per centag e o f Black s i n th e population ; matc h Spanis h surname s i n th e phon e boo k t o Lati n musi c o n th e air ; compar e Scottis h name s wit h bagpip e tunes ; Pol is h name s wit h mazourkas . Yo u coul d als o ge t pick y b y checkin g albu m sale s i n loca l store s t o fin d ou t wha t kin d o f musi c peopl e ar e buying , the n ask , "D o th e station s pla y th e kin d o f musi c tha t peopl e hav e expresse d a preferenc e fo r b y buying? " A clai m ha s bee n mad e tha t u p t o 50 % o f albu m sale s i n Ke y Wes t ar e fo r progressiv e musi c albums , bu t tha t n o ai r tim e i s give n t o pro gressiv e musi c sinc e WKW F wen t all countr y . A T THI S POIN T business-lik e reaso n an d hard , col d facts , figures , an d cas h becom e almos t completel y irrelevan t t o th e discussion . W e com e t o definitions , ari d nothin g hold s still . I use d t o thin k I kne w wha t countr y musi c was ; m y wif e an d I use d t o pla y i t i n bar s Frida y an d Saturda y nights . I coul d hav e tol d yo u te n year s ag o wha t wa s o n th e To p 2 0 whe n I wa s a roc k an d rol l dis c jockey . Bai t i n a brea k fro m th e typewrite r tw o sentence s ag o I jus t hear d Bill y Swann , a countr y singe r b y definition , sin g hi s lates t releas e o n WKWF , a countr y statio n b y definition . Th e song : "Shake , Rattle , an d Roll. " Children , tha t wa s th e granddadd y o f roc k an d rol l songs ; Bil l Hale y an d th e Comets , 195^ I wor e ou t m y cop y learn in g t o jitterbu g i n Elle n Kay' s basement . Chri s Elmore , a sometim e musician , studen t o f th e musi c scene , an d conscien tiou s progressiv e roc k buff , use d t o 2 7 KeyUles f Pr o Div e Shop , Inc . An Adventure THA T MA Y VER Y WEL L B E TH E MOS T MEMORABL E PAR T O F YOU R VACATIO N I N OU R ISLAN D CITY ! CLASSE S IN UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY • INSTRUCTIO N • SALE S • SERVIC E • TRAVE L Se e an d photograp h livin g cora f — exoti c fis h — al l o f th e underwate r wonderland . Notiona l A s socia l io n o f SKI N DIVIN G SCHOOL S ® Ke y Wes t Pr o Div e Shop , Inc . 150 5 Roosevel t Blvd . Ke y West . Florid a 3304 0 (305)206-382 3 CNTRC , STRUT $ T RA ; fHOHi ZH-H3I Cop t BO6' 6 TH E DOUBL E DECKE R BOUTIQU E Com e visi t ou r Doubl e Decke r Boutiqu e locate d i n a n authenti c ol d Englis h bus . I n thi s re' aX6c ' atmosphere , brows e throug h ° u r se 'ec(io n o f nam e bran d dresses , top s an d jeans . 55355SS5535SSS35SSSSSS 3 613 1 / 2 Duva l Stree t Ke y Lim e Squar e 30 5 296-964 3 Located ; Ke y Lim e Squar e (Betwee n 60 0 Bloc k o f Duva l 6 s Simonton ) Park : I n Cit y Parkin g Lo t b y Greyhoun d Bu s Statio n

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    2 8 Whil e touring Kty west visx n with it s romantic Old WorUftavor e-3 lus h tropiial setting' ' (asant^laci t o mittfor lunch or dinner or to vela)? ove r a bottl e of fine win?cold draught bitr orcocklails 51 2 Tron t 5t ? DIAMOND S FO R CHRISTMA S TH E GOLDE N NUGGE T 62 4 DUVA L STREE T 296-869 8 10:3 0 5:3 0 _ raj Caddraj BIK E RENTAL S KEYWEST' S BES T ASSORTMEN T O F BICYCLES,TANDEMS . 3-WHEELER S AN D CHILDREN' S BIKE S ope n ever y cla y 9am-6p m houriy,dail y & weekl y rental s rtuCa/afnu BIK E RENTAL S ZO6 TELEaRAP H LAN E 1^2 . BLOC K FRO M GREEN 6 ST . I N TH E HEAR T O F OL D TCWN E -290-94/ 5 lik e WKWF' s programmin g befor e th e all countr y format . H e doe s no t liste n t o WKI Z excep t b y mistak e whe n h e goe s t o tur n o n hi s ca r tap e deck . Timoth y Le e say s tha t WKI Z include s progressiv e i n it s format , "bu t th e mos t popula r cut s o n a n album. " Apparentl y WKI Z i s no t progressiv e enoug h fo r Chris . H e doe s no t liste n t o radi o anymore . H e ha s a lo t o f albums . CONFUSIO N FORBID S an y orderl y dis cussio n o f progressiv e music . A dis c jocke y coul d pla y song s al l nigh t an d identif y eac h son g a s a n exampl e o f pro gressive , bu t yo u woul d hea r song s an d musician s tha t ar e clearl y country , To p 40 , soul , folk , aci d rock , Englis h blue grass , blues . A brie f spel l wit h a n all-roc k o r a n all-countr y statio n woul d tur n u p a son g o r tw o tha t a pro gressiv e fa n woul d claim . Wher e d o yo u dra w th e line s o f definition ? Wher e d o yo u pi n wha t labels ? I n th e earl y 1960' s Mo e Asc h (Folkway s Records ) wa s alread y makin g plan s t o documen t roc k an d rol l a s a typ e o f fol k musi c a s soo n a s it s da y wa s over . H e define d fol k musi c a s an y kin d o f musi c tha t i s widel y accepte d b y th e peopl e a s thei r own . Perhap s ther e ar e onl y tw o kind s o f music : classica l an d folk . Al l othe r border s ar e hazy , an d the y dis appea r whe n yo u approac h to o near . Th e onl y thin g tha t seem s t o b e clea r i s th e intentio n expresse d b y eac h radi o statio n regardin g ch e typ e o f musi c forma t i t follows . Statio n poli cie s dictat e tha t WKW F play s onl y country , it s unname d siste r wil l pla y onl y th e to p eas y listenin g contemporar y songs , WKI Z play s contemporar y song s accordin g t o a stric t formula , WFY N play s onl y programme d tape s o f carefull y selecte d music , WH S wil l pla y a littl e bi t o f everything . Althoug h thre e station s wil l ap parentl y b e playin g a t leas t som e musi c tha t wil l probabl y fi t int o a t leas t som e definition s o f progressiv e music , wit h th e exceptio n o f a tentativel y pro jecte d segmen t o f WH S ther e i s n o tim e specificall y se t asid e fo r tha t format . Bu t al l i n all , i t seem s tha t nearl y everyon e wil l b e a t leas t partiall y satisfie d excep t tw o people : Simo n Hendri x an d To m Corcoran . TH E WRITIN G o f thi s articl e wa s instigate d b y reactio n t o WKWF' s chang e o f forma t fro m one-thir d countr y an d two-third s free-for m programming , whic h feature d progressiv e music , t o 100 * country . Mos t o f th e discussio n consid ere d whethe r o r no t a significan t portio n o f th e communit y wa s bein g deprive d o f a certain kin d o f music , an d whethe r o r no t countr y muci c woul d generat e mor e advertisin g tha n progressiv e music . TO M CORCORAN , wh o doe s everythin g I n Th e Sued e Shop , wa s a WKW F announce r fro m Marc h 197 4 t o Februar y 1975 H e lef t th e statio n t o devot e mor e tim e t o hi s leathe r business . "Ther e i s a gap, " secon d be d barel y hav e roo m fo r one ? Waterbeds, too! Environmenta l Circu s 51 8 DUVA L ST . Corcora n says . "Listene r reactio n prove d tha t ther e wa s a marke t fo r pro gressiv e musi c o r a n album.typ e format . Ther e i s n o wa y t o judg e an y busines s i n Ke y Wes t b y th e textbook . I know ; I go t a n A I n Marketin g 301 . Ke y Wes t i s a uniqu e market . Progressiv e musi c attracte d ne w advertisin g account s t o WKWF. " H e describe s progressiv e musi c a s musi c fo r adults ; albums , no t '45's . "Album s ar e th e ar t for m o f th e 70's . The y hav e reache d a sophisticatio n tha t appeal s t o adults. " H e playe d perform er s lik e Th e Amazin g Rhyth m Aces , Joh n Mayall , an d Bonni e Raitt , wh o hav e ha d severa l successfu l album s bu t neve r hi t th e To p 4 0 wit h a single . "Whe n I wa s o n th e ai r m y mai n goa l i n programmin g wa s t o hel p th e audienc e lear n no t onl y wha t song s wer e popular , bu t t o teac h the m mor e abou t popula r songs , writers , backgroun d musicians , an d vocalists . I t make s a son g mor e entertainin g i f th e listene r know s tha t Jame s Taylor , Ar t Garfunkel , an d Crosb y an d Nas h ar e al l harmonizin g o n on e choru s together . O r tha t Stevi e Wonde r wrot e a son g tha t Jame s Taylo r include d o n hi s album. " . SIMO N HENDRIX , co-owne r o f Hope' s Ne w Yor k Time s Restauran t an d forme r WKW F announcer , says , "Everybody' s missin g th e point. " Th e poin t being , Ilendri x 'feels , tha t th e ga p resultin g fro m WKWF' s chang e i s a ga p I n communi cation . "It' s no t th e musi c that' s gone ; it' s communicatio n that' s gone. " Hendri x sea s Ke y Wes t a s a famil y an d musi c a s a for m o f communicatio n amon g th e mem ber s o f th e family . "Th e musi c I pla y i s onl y a n extensio n o f wha t I wan t t o say. " Hendri x compose d tone-poem s t o hi s audienc e usin g suc h divers e element s a s th e musi c o f Jud y Garland , Duk e El lington , Fran k Sinatra , Jani s Ian , Th e Doors , Glen n Miller . Thi s I n free-for m programmin g whic h Hendri x feel s i s suite d t o th e free-for m life-styl e o f Ke y West . Jac k Spottswoo d allowe d th e announcer s t o progra m thei r ow n segments , a free do m rarel y give n b y statio n managers. . Th e programmin g cam e no t fro m th e page s o f BILLBOAR D bu t fro m th e imaginatio n an d hear t o f th e perso n behin d th e micro phone , a n intimat e relationshi p tha t Hendri x recognise d i n hi s sign-off : "Than k yo u fo r lettin g m e be" a par t o f you r life. " Ther e i s n o free-for m programmin g currentl y i n Ke y Wes t radio , no r doe s ther e see m t o b e a plac e fo r I t i n th e projecte d future . KE Y WES T ha s los t a n ar t form : free-for m radi o programming . I t ha s gaine d anothe r 1 7 hour s a da y o f countr y music , whic h i s graduall y evolvin g to war d a mor e sophisticate d "country-poII tan' 1 sound . Progressiv e music , depend in g ,o n ho w yo u defin e it , ha s eithe r bee n los t entirel y o r considerabl y re duced . I t i s no t certai n ho w man y lis tener s ar e affecte d b y th e change . ,,„.. , 701-70 3 DUVA L STREE T I3OS)a»«.3»|i^^g Y WEST , IF1ORID A 3304 0 / IggCgan d compar e Attentio n Collectin g BIG CONCH n.49 POSTCARDS 6:2,^ _ , SHELL NECKLACE 7% *plo y th e mos t exclusive , larges t an d complet e lin * o * shells . Ou r shel U ar c selecte d fro m th e best , 2 9 Th e futur e wil l se e n o significan t change s i n th e thre e existin g stations , accordin g t o presen t plans . WKWF' s ne w siste r F M statio n wil l increas e th e air pla y o f oldies , whic h ar e currentl y hear d o n WKI Z frequentl y i n th e mornin g an d occasionall y i n th e afternoon . WH S -wil l b e responsiv e t o th e need s o f th e community , Davi d Freema n promises , bu t specifi c programmin g con ten t i s stil l a n uncertai n factor . ON E THIN G i s sure , though . Fiv e radi o station s ar e al l Ke y Wes t gets . N o mor e channe l allocation s ar e avail abl e fo r thi s area . Ke y Wes t listener s wil l eithe r hav e t o b e satisfie d wit h wha t th e fiv e station s produc e o r con vinc e th e station s tha t the y ar e no t servin g th e publi c well , i f tha t i s see n t o b e th e case . Musi c ma y b e th e univer sa l language , bu t banknote s spea k loude r tha n musica l ones . I f yo u patroniz e a n advertise r becaus e o f hi s radi o commercials , le t hi m know , an d tel l hi m tha t yo u approv e o f hi s musica l taste . Writ e t o th e progra m directo r o f you r favorit e o r unfavorit e statio n an d brighte n hi s da y wit h prais e o r educat e hi m I n you r musica l preferences . Letter s ar e bette r tha n phon e calls ; the y las t longe r an d frequentl y scor e a poin t wit h mor e tha n on e person ; the y sho w tha t yo u car e enoug h t o tak e th e troubl e t o organis e you r messag e o n paper ; the y wai t unti l th e ma n yo u wan t t o reac h return s fro m lunc.h , LISTE N CAREFULL Y an d mak e you r opinio n known . It' s nobody' s faul t bu t you r ow n i f yo u don' t ge t th e kin d o f radi o programmin g yo u want . continue d fro m 1 5 woul d a t leas t enabl e th e Uppe r Key s t o b e supplie d withou t plac in g a growin g burde n o n th e pipe lin e . B y 197 2 th e mos t attractiv e o f thes e desaltin g method s ma y als o b e adaptabl e t o full-strengt h se a wate r an d thu s usabl e o n Stoc k Island . Thi s proces s i s calle d "revers e osmosis. " Greate r pressur e i s applie d t o se a wate r tha n it s osmoti c pres ur e (th e pressur e tha t carrie s wate r u p trees) , forcin g i t throug h a cellulos e membran e t o th e fresh • side . Thi s metho d require s les s tha n hal f th e powe r neede d b y th e flas h distillatio n operation . Regardles s o f th e future , i t i s a tribut e t o th e visio n o f th e P . K.A.C . an d othe r prim e mover s tha t Ke y West' s wate r proble m ha s bee n carrie d s o swiftl y beyon d stopga p answer s t o a n imaginativ e an d for ward-lookin g solution . Commo n Sens e b y Gi l Ryde r A N AMBITIOU S an d extremel y import an t voluntee r effort , jus t no w gettin g underway , wil l lea d t o th e formatio n o f a countywid e Citizen s Crim e Commission . Th e Lowe r Key s Chapte r o f AAR P vote d t o sponso r a n initia l conferenc e o f th e formatio n o f a crim e commissio n a s th e goal . Interested , concerne d citizen s fro m Ke y Larg o t o Ke y Wes t hav e bee n meetin g an d discussin g th e nee d fo r suc h a com missio n an d cam e t o th e conclusio n tha t on e o f th e mor e activ e organization s I n th e are a shoul d tr y t o ge t somethin g started . Th e Lowe r Key s Chapte r o f AAR P agree d t o tr y t o ge t othe r organization s togethe r an d ha s bee n bus y contactin g suc h organization s fo r th e purpos e o f arrangin g a conference . Th e presiden t o f th e Lowe r Key s Chapte r spen t a numbe r o f hour s wit h th e Ke y Wes t Polic e Chie f an d th e Sheriff elec t o n th e subject . Thes e men , an d other s conversan t wit h th e project , al l believ e I t migh t wel l b e a bi g ste p i n th e righ t direction . Th e inten t an d purpos e o f suc h a commissio n woul d b e t o tak e suc h step s a s migh t b e legal , moral , ethica l an d feasibl e t o reduc e stree t crime , breakin g an d entering , frau d an d bunco , an d t o improv e community-polic e relations . A s suc h a commissio n gain s exper ience , i t wil l undoubtedl y ge t furthe r involve d i n al l are a o f crime . Th e consensus , u p t o thi s point , indicate s tha t th e commissio n shoul d b e mad e u p o f calm , deliberate , intelligen t persons , bu t shoul d exclud e governmen t people , eithe r presentl y activ e o r re tired , an d shoul d als o exclud e th e po liticall y ambitious . Thus , th e commissio n coul d no t b e dominate d b y polic e agencies , courts , o r othe r governmen t branche s an d neithe r coul d i t b e use d fo r a politica l springboard . Suc h a commission , onc e established , wil l fin d itsel f embarke d o n a never endin g job , bu t wil l fin d th e result s wel l wort h th e effort . Th e member s o f th e commissio n wil l no t i n an y wa y b e vigilantes , neithe r shoul d th e commissio n b e confuse d wit h a "polic e revie w board. " Th e member s wil l no t b e issue d badge s an d gun s o r empowere d t o ac t a s police . Also , the y wil l no t b e paid . Th e commissio n mus t b e mad e u p o f studiou s persons , seekin g solution s t o seriou s problem s — an d findin g them ! Ther e i s n o doub t tha t serious , dedicate d an d capabl e peopl e wil l b e foun d t o mak e u p th e commissio n an d tha t the y wil l wor k persistentl y t o overcom e th e no w unforesee n difficultie s an d stumblin g block s foun d I n thei r path , t o giv e th e res t o f u s a better , safe r an d mor e secur e communit y I n whic h t o live . TH E PLAC E T O STA Y A T TH E EN D O F TH E DA Y 8 0 MOTE L ROOM S 3 5 APARTMENT S GIF T SHO P FEATURIN G REGIONA L GIFT S 385 2 N . ROOSEVEL T BLVD . KE Y WEST , FLORID A DAY S IN N 3fr, 1 1 1 JLnfA m w h& mm l i I I n LL L TH E SCHLOC K SHO P 101 8 Truma n Av e DISCOUNT S BELO W WHOLESAL E U S [£ > * M J\VL i f P M » M A SUPERMARKE T FO R i SAL L TOU R HAI R NEED S mars SHO P • hai r stylin g •electri c razo r repdi r •men' s cosmetic s • hai r colorin g •wholesal e supplie s "The Added Touch" PAINTING S — HANDCRAFT S "Tim Added Touch" come s nu t o f it s ijvvn , bu t uu t o f th e Uilcnl s o f thos e form s u f .11 1 livin g tli i expressio n Com e iiiiiiiiii l ani l »c e whu t w e Iwve . l'rici s star t lif t lo w a s on e dollar . We're lomtvtl til 20 8 DUVA L STREE T KE Y WEST , FLORID A

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    3 0 STURT Z LOC K & SAF E RADI O DISPATCHE D 2 4 HOU R MOBIL E SERVIC E FO R AUTO-HOME-OFFIC E SALES-INSTALLATION-SERVIC E LOCKS-SAFES-KEYS-DEA O BOLT S LOCKOUT SPECIALISTS DOO R LOCK S REKEYE D SAF E COMBINATION S CHANGE D BONDED 296-885 5 INSURED 22 2 SIMONTO N ST . Pottl e CapSn n 112 8 Simonto n St . 296-910 4 ^ . 8 A M 3 A M Homemad e Sandwiche s Congenia l Famil y Ba t Reasonabl e Price s Establishe d 3 3 year s cwu a continued fvom page 9 etc . Yo u g o beyon d th e sympto m an d trea t th e cause : unjus t law s an d th e me n wh o mad e them . An d becaus e thi s i s a demo cracy , an d th e me n wh o mak e th e law s ar e suppose d t o follo w you r wishes , yo u tel l you r electe d representative s t o ru n you r governmen t you r wa y o r yo u wil l replac e the m wit h some on e wh o will . Yo u loo k t o othe r time s an d othe r place s t o lear n th e sign s o f a governmen t tha t i s no t responsiv e t o th e need s o f th e peopl e an d tha t ha s gotte n ou t o f control , The n yo u loo k aroun d yo u toda y i n Ke y Wes t an d se e th e symbol s o f repressio n an d th e symptom s o f a n .unhealth y gov ernmen t . An d yo u wonde r wher e i t i s leading . R.M . *Habea s corpu s i s th e righ t o f a citize n t o obtai n a wri t t o brin g hi m befor e a cour t o r judg e a s a protectio n agains t illega l imprisonment . "WH O WIL L WATC H TH E WATCHDOG " (continue d fro m las t issue ) I droppe d i n t o se e th e Polic e Chie f recently . Afte r w e ha d discusse d m y business , h e tol d m e tha t h e wa s dis appointe d tha t I ha d faile d t o mentio n i n m y las t month' s editoria l ("Wh o Wil l Watc h Th e Watchdog " a n editoria l callin g fo r th e establishmen t o f a Polic e Revie w Board) * tha t ther e wa s a Florid a la w o n th e book s tha t ver y clearl y state d tha t th e polic e d o no t hav e t o g o befor e a Revie w Board . Thi s la w wa s designe d t o protec t th e polic e fro m over-zealou s civilia n an d governmenta l agencies . Th e la w provide s fo r th e revie w o f polic e suspecte d o f wrongdoing , bu t i t state s tha t th e investigatio n wil l b e conducte d b y fello w officer s no t outsider s an d i t als o spell s ou t th e procedure s t o b e followe d an d th e right s o f th e accuse d office r (which , incidentally , includ e th e righ t t o ^counse l an d th e righ t t o tap e al l th e proceedings) . Chie f Jame s fel t tha t I wa s misleadin g Solare s Hil l reader s b y no t mentionin g thi s pertinen t fact . I answere d tha t th e articl e wa s explorator y an d introductor y i n nature . W e wante d t o pu t th e ide a befor e th e publi c first , ge t it s response , an d the n i n a subsequen t articl e w e woul d g o int o th e problem s befor e us , i.e. , a la w sayin g tha t what w e ' wante d wa s illegal , etc . However , afte r thinkin g i t over , I' m incline d t o agre e wit h th e Polic e Chief . I shoul d hav e mentione d tha t thi s la w existe d whe n I firs t wrot e thi s article . I t woul d hav e le t reader s kno w bette r th e obstacle s facin g thos e wh o de sir e suc h a board . I' m sorr y fo r th e oversight . No w tha t it' s mentione d le t m e stat e tha t I fee l tha t • thi s la w i s no t a n impossibl e impedimen t t o th e creatio n o f a Polic e Revie w Board . Th e peopl e hav e a righ t t o as k tha t a la w b e change d i f the y fee l i t i s wrong, . Le t m e giv e anothe r exampl e o f wh y I fee l tha t a Polic e Revie w Boar d i s necessary . Recentl y a ma n I kno w an d lik e cam e t o m e wit h a stor y abou t som e heav y problem s h e encountere d whe n h e wen t t o Cit y Hal l t o lodg e a polic e complaint . H e sai d h e ra n int o resistanc e fro m th e official s wit h who m h e deal t an d didn' t ge t t o fil e hi s complaint . Th e official s i n question , whil e no t acknowledgin g th e event , di d no t den y i t either . I f hi s stor y i s tru e an d I hav e n o reaso n t o doub t hi m i t furthe r point s ou t th e nee d fo r a n independen t boar d express l y se t u p t o handl e thes e complaint s an d accusations . Th e tendenc y fo r a governin g bod y t o fin d a complainin g citize n a nuisanc e an d a trouble-make r ca n prov e irresistable . I t i s muc h easie r t o classif y th e citize n a "nut " tha n t o hav e t o di g ou t informatio n whic h ma y prov e harmfu l t o a frien d o r acquaintanc e suc h i s huma n nature . I wil l hav e mor e o n thi s proposa l later . I W.H . * Thi s i s no t t o b e confuse d wit h th e propose d Civilia n Crim e Commission'tha t Gi l Ryde r i s writin g abou t o n pag e 2 9 BRIARHOUS E ANTIQU E CLOTHE S SPANIS H SHAWL S BEADE D BAS S OL D JEWELR Y CURIO S SONIQNV H * aav r S38O H 3S3NIH D •0 3 9Niava i aso a m3 1 SALES , APPRAISAL S & PROPERT Y MANAGEMEN T CONJUEL O H . LOSLE Y (CONNIE ) 294-552 5 60 5 SIMONTO N ST . MEMBER MULTIPLE LISTING SERVICE TH E HER B GARDE N A n Ol d Countr y Stor e 90 0 Southe d Si . & 41 6 Green e Si . Ke y We«t , Fla . 294910 3 DEG3O5-10P M NABL O NOR A NABL O THOMA S SZUTE R R" 40 5 Eato n St . Le t Ther e B e Ligh t I n You r Hear t A MASTE R CANDLEMAKE R WAYN E "ARTIE " DUN N OL D TOW N STATIO N CANDLEWORK S ANGEL A A T DUVAL , KE Y WEST , FLA .

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    3 2 iHtiHliliililllll i PICTURE SHC W SANTASTI C PLANE T CARME N MIRAND A Weekend in Havana plus That Night in Rio Th e Unite d Arllsl a Collectio n WOME N I N LOV E /ne w TIM E 9 : i.iijift) A4 . Truffaut' s Th e Stor y o f ADEL E H . Green e Stree t Theatr e present s Rnimo l For m Dec . 1 5 Jan . 1 Tues . Sat . 8:3 0 P.M . 294-500 1 MR . BU D MeARTHU R WA S FOUN D GUILT Y AN D FINE D $2 7 RECENTL Y FO R KEEPIN G A ROOSTE R THA T MAD E FREQUEN T NOIS E THA T DISTURBE D TH E COMFOR T AN D REPOS E O F PERSON S I N TH E VICINITY . " A spac e suit , footbal l he l " I jus t wan t clothe s fo r met , swimmin g flippers an d Christma s this year. " a basebal l glove. " Looking through the window of the world There is always another bright day When the trees blossom with their foliage of green, And our Autumns are as gentle as our memories . And when one didn't think he could . tolerate another day of loss and regr, A star will shine and twinkle Laughter will appear And that great anticipation of uncovering the magic of another gentle true spii Which flies through the skies like a free bird Will once again enter into our window And venture we will y for this is the magics the aolorSj the joy And the secret to life. Tebay Anne Bose A &° Screa m Breyer' s Ic e Crea m 4 © So n Lio n Th e Oasi s Redbeard s T-Shirt s * * UNIQU E A Islan d Sna x & Treat s 'o Myru s Reader/Adviso r Th e Woodcarve r Ke y Wes t Tac o Co . J S Q Noo k 20 8 R QLOR E &FR1END S "Treasures Vr om FUR N ITU'R E KU&S—ONEOF/ \ -PLASTICS• — TiLkOL O S Ovcn J O f o 8 32 8 S1MONTON , KE Y IDEST , FL . 3304 0 (305) 294H577 8


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