Citation
Solares Hill

Material Information

Title:
Solares Hill
Alternate Title:
Solares Hill newspaper
Place of Publication:
Key West, Fla
Publisher:
Solares Hill Pub. Co.
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
1971
Frequency:
Weekly[<1997>]
Biweekly[ FORMER 1971-]
weekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 35-36 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Key West (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Monroe County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Florida -- Key West ( fast )
Florida -- Monroe County ( fast )
Genre:
Newspapers. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Newspapers ( fast )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Monroe -- Key West

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 15-Mar. 1, 1971)-
General Note:
"The highest point in Key West."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services (UFDC@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
36829607 ( OCLC )
sn 97027737 ( LCCN )
ocm36829607

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PAGE 1

Th e highes t M poin t i n Ke y Wes t FRE E Vol . 1 , No . 1 5 Ke y West , Florid a March , 19 7 3 r.

PAGE 2

marc h 197 3 w e jiitau c Editoria l b y Bil l Huckel . I remembe r readin g i n th e pape r tha t Beverl y Hill s ende d it s proble m o f to o man y long-hair s i n thei r park s a t nigh t simpl y b y closin g th e park s a t night . No w n o on e ca n enjo y th e us e o f th e park s a t night . Th e Women' s Clu b o f Ke y Wes t i s plannin g t o as k Rep . Tittl e t o suppor t legislatio n makin g i t a crimina l of fens e t o pic k u p a hitchhiker . I f thi s legislatio n passes , n o on e ca n legall y pic k u p a hitchhike r an d I suppos e tha t n o on e ca n hitchhike , either . 16 2 resident s nea r Smather' s Beac h signe d a petitio n askin g th e count y t o forbi d roc k concert s o n th e beach . Th e count y oblige d an d no w n o on e ca n hol d a roc k concer t a t th e beach . A fou l littl e ordinanc e ha s bee n trotte d ou t recentl y forbiddin g tw o o r mor e peopl e t o mak e musi c withou t havin g a permi t fro m th e polic e an d thi s o n a musica l Caribbea n island ! Eve n toug h I haven' t sa t i n a Beverl y Hill s par k a t night , I hav e hitchhike d al l ove r thi s countr y an d I hav e enjoye d roc k concert s a t th e beac h an d informa l musi c happenings . I' m sorr y t o se e thes e pleasure s considere d a threa t t o th e publi c good . I' m eve n sorrie r t o se e th e typ e o f thinkin g tha t bring s thes e action s a bout . Ho w abou t tryin g som e accomodatin g alternative s t o thes e blanke t negatives ? Certainl y sayin g tha t n o on e ca n hitchhik e an d n o on e ca n hav e a roc k concer t a t th e beac h o r si t i n a par k a t nigh t i s bein g prett y blanketl y negative . Som e accomodatin g alternative s migh t b e t o permi t roc k concert s o n th e beac h o n som e Sunday s hav e a decibe l limi t i f thi s i s th e mai n problem . Fo r hitchhiking , th e accomodatin g alternativ e i s eve n easier . I f yo u don' t wan t t o pic k u p a hitchhiker , don't . Sim Th e onl y thtfh g t6'So \ dly-as s anti-musi c ordinanc e i s t o repea l th e ordinance . A recen t blanke t negativ e i s th e ne w restrictio n a t th e beac h opposit e th e Ke y Wes t Towers . Th e sig n ou t ther e no w read s (predictably ) BEAC H CLOSE D AFTE R , 6 P.M . ...• • • . . I s thi s sig n someho w precautionary ? Afte r all , n o on e reall y use s th e beac h ther e a t night . Coul d thi s sig n hav e bee n pu t i n i n ANTICIPATIO N o f peopl e lookin g fo r a plac e t o g o a t nigh t t o walk , picnic , o r sit ? Afte r all , Sout h Beac h i s close d a t nigh t an d Mallor y Squar e warn s abou t "loitering " afte r 1 2 P.M . Ar e w e bein g prepare d fo r al l ou r pleasure s t o b e outlawed ? Wil l thi s blanke t negativ e tendenc y continue ? Wil l a LIGHT S OF F AFTE R 1 2 P.M . or dinanc e b e pu t i n next ? Craz y a s i t seem s i t coul d b e coming . On e wa y t o sto p thi s nonsens e an d achiev e accomodatin g alternative s i s t o writ e o r cal l you r cit y commissioner s an d protest . Writ e t o th e paper s demand in g commo n sens e prevail . Tal k abou t th e nee d fo r chang e t o anyon e wh o wil l listen . c7Wilette's CUSTO M DRESSMAKING AN D ALTERATIO N 2I7D0VALST . 4-4^2 9 Capt Tony** SALOON THOESCAV S Pete r Cosgrov e feel s prett y strongl y tha t Ke y Wes t ha s t o b e save d fro m th e uglines s tha t indiscriminat e buildin p in evitabl y brings . H e ha s inserte d a cop y o f th e cod e tha t Nantucke t ha s enforce d t o preserv e it s beau tifu l tow n an d ha s use d thi s cod e t o punc tuat e th e unfortunat e remark s tha t ou r Ma yo r ha s mad e t o hi m i n thi s intervie w o n th e savin g o f Ke y West . Com e on , Mr . Mayo r hel p u s t o sav e thi s town . Don' t jus t shru g you r shoul der s a s i f t o sa y nothin g ca n b e done . Yo u ar e a n architect . Yo u ca n se e wha t horror s ar e i n stor e fo r Ke y Wes t unles s som e drasti c measure s ar e take n t o preven t thi s ugl y takeover . Hel p enac t a cod e tha t wil l hel p pre serv e ou r beautifu l town , Mr . Mayor . B y now , thos e peopl e wh o kno w Solare s Hil l hav e notice d tha t Mik e Prewitt' s nam e i s of f th e masthea d o f th e paper . Mik e i s i n Pittsburg h an d I don' t kno w i f h e i s goin g t o retur n fo r th e present . Le t m e giv e yo u a n ide a o f wha t Mik e accomplishe d durin g th e tw o year s h e wa s here . Mik e wa s instrumenta l i n gettin g ••VIST A ; •olunteers"'to Key : West:, . . :-,-x •'• -. •, •-...-• Mik e wrot e th e bookle t KE Y WEST , TH E OL D ISLAN D ;Jerr y Miller , ou r forme r ar t edito r too k th e photos ) whic h i s th e handsomes t publicatio n ou t o n Ke y West . Mik e wa s a founde r an d th e editor-ih ,chie f o f Solare s Hill . Mik e wa s on e o f th e origina l founder s o f th e A.C.L.U . A t thi s point , som e might sa y "Wrll , than k Go d tha t bastard' s gone. " W e fee l awfull y goo d tha t h e wa s here , Goo d luck , F'blk e Prewitt , an d than k yo u fo r havin g com e t o Ke y West . HA \ % SC 0 CJcciitte-* cJetznirias / J* T H & r 1l rt£LftCtC TH E BES T 8A K BQ I^TT-i E w'OKL D I S AT"THE , HlD&E T 8AE.COKWE.PS , Of r N^DS/MOfOTDf O ST . AfO D HO T DF2(K3k S vVITf l THE . AfO D suGE D MEAT S 24He S Y W SELL OfOL p SOFTSrOF F R3D M 4T O ^ 3 go j MAC S | r O P T O -UD O LAT H EAe 0 PEOPLE. , VU1T H EUrasux y STEW , £A T I/O S IDE , OJ & OOTSlDE , n o (no t fvorr, the slcpes of Sclai : 5 /« t * i» : f •: • t h e '• v c v '' ;? i %>:.y West, Flcrid:: S^'tC. heaven ,^ ri .: iv ' .: * F ;' • ' o k i .j h = ? a t ": 7 a.-•' s o r.'i. LZ Pi .:. : /•<• ! a Copyright , . , . . "DANCrh'G SILL" FUC"Fl"OPX F^TTOf: Art? Plr.ECTOH ... . PZ.V'SAVJX-C'tRfiY "V-TUK" B?V With a. littlehtilv from our fy'.-ny-v's .. . Susa n Mallor y an d Li t a 'J?2. "dares siill Publishing C'cmpar.u, ?•>:.?, ,^ASFT WOO'' 1> f •,,••' f ••' r -'."•:.-to'r . bad -hrriG s O S or+rooje s an d an d b y Ja y Friedma n Tw o year s ag o I swor e I' d neve r retur n t o Ke y West . Sinc e tha t tim e I'v e bee n bac k twic e fo r shor t vacations . It' s har d t o explai n why . I t seem s tha t everyon e wh o i s involve d wit h th e islan d try s t o fin d a focu s t o it s activity . Sinc e tha t on e lon g winte r here , I hav e searche d fo r tha t focu s i n m y mind . On e winter , an d I stil l can' t figur e ou t wha t i t meant ! Whe n I firs t cam e t o Ke y Wes t I kne w onl y on e perso n reall y well , Jane t Wood . I ha d me t Jane t whil e workin g i n Washing ton , D.C . Jane t kne w Mik e Prewit t wh o I ha d briefly--met-i n D.C . Mik e prove d t o b e th e greates t influencin g facto r i n m y lif e tha t winter . Whe n I firs t go t her e m y majo r concer n wa s earnin g money . Th e previou s winte r Mik e ha d ru n a tras h haulin g busines s whic h prove d t o b e lucrative . Provide d th e truc k wa s stil l running , h e offere d t o le t m e us e it . Th e truc k wa s sitting , Inoperabl e o n Boc a Chic a Key . Fiv e day s afte r w e haule d i t int o tow n an d trie d t o repai r it , w e discovere d tha t th e truc k ha d a broke n en gine . A t tha t point , I wa s read y t o hea d fo r Miam i Beac h wher e I fel t secur e i n get tin g a jo b ami d tha t lus h tourism . Mik e wa s no t perturbed , however , an d h e wen t t o th e Stoc k Islan d jun k yar d t o purchas e Tin e genuine , super-duper , runnin ' tras h haulin ' truck . Unfortunately , i t wouldn' t run . I t to o ha d t o b e towe d int o town . But , convince d o f th e grea t magnanim it y o f m y benefactor , I decide d t o sta y o n Ke y West . Afte r fiv e week s o f grime , sweat , grease , cuts , bruises , frustration , aggravation , thre e inspection s an d on e buste d thumb , th e truc k "ran" . Well , let' s sa y i t hobbled . Th e ra : diato r overheated ; th e starte r hun g fro m ' unde r th e das h — a n electrica l miracl e • ever y tim e i t worked ; th e fende r hun g b y •it s rust ; th e doo r swun g ope n a t ever y turn ; th e sid e mirro r wa s hel d b y a woode n stick ; th e sea t wasn' t bolte d t o th e floor , an d th e engin e backfire d inces ^ santly . Bu t i t ran , an d Mik e an d I considere d ourselve s amateu r mechanics . W e justl y earne d ou r nicknames : "Pete " fo r Mike , (th e doo r o f th e truc k ha d "Pete " sten cile d o n it s side) , an d "Rocke r Arm " fo r myself , (on e o f th e majo r operation s I performe d wa s changin g th e rocke r ar m assembly) . Th e da y th e truc k finall y passe d it s thir d vehicl e inspection , I wa s dow n t o twenty-on e cents . Obviously, . i t wa s tim e t o g o t o work . Durin g th e nex t thre e week s o f sporadi c activity , I buil t th e busines s u p t o a stead y tw o day s a week . Ke y Wes t wa s beginnin g t o fee l prett y good . The n Mik e entere d m y lif e again . Severa l peopl e I ha d recentl y me t wer e intereste d i n settin g u p a "business " tha t woul d pul l togethe r wha t the y fel t wa s a splintere d community . I wa s aske d t o joi n th e grou p whic h consiste d o f Janet , Mike , Pete r Cosgrove , Jerr y Miller , Sta n Becke r an d Bil l Huckel . Afte r severa l meeting s w e decide d t o concentrat e ou r effort s o n publishin g a communit y newspaper . Nigh t afte r nigh t w e ha d lon g tortuou s "idea " meetings . W e al l agree d o n wha t w e wante d t o do , bu t ho w t o d o i t — ah , ther e wa s th e rub ! "Don' t sel l th e pape r cheap. " "Don' t sel l i t to o expensive. " "Let' s la y i t ou t i n fou r pages. " "No , let' s g o int o eight. " "Us e a selectri c typewriter. " "No, " veritype. " M y bigges t surpris e t o thi s da y wa s tha t th e secon d issu e eve r go t out . I wasn' t worrie d abou t th e firs t becaus e ther e wa s a certai n psychologica l nee d an d thrus t t o producin g that , bu t th e secon d neede d somethin g more . I t neede d dedica tion . Well , w e existe d a goo d thre e month s comin g ou t ever y tw o weeks , giv e o r tak e a weekend . Th e pape r barel y mad e end s meet . I shoul d know ; I wa s busines s manager , ad vertisin g manage r an d circulatio n manage r al l rolle d int o on e mornin g donut . Th e hol e wa s m y head ! Firs t o f al l w e didn' t hav e enoug h initia l financing . Second , w e burdene d ourselve s wit h needles s detai l an d perfection . W e wer e al l perfectionist s i n ou r ow n right , an d th e demand s w e place d o n ourselve s fo r a qualit y produc t wer e beyon d th e essen tia l need s o f th e paper . Also , w e al l ha d ego s t o dea l with . Nothin g reall y gross , bu t still , eac h ha d t o b e deal t wit h an d appeased . M y eg o ha d t o b e soothe d b y exuberan t congratulation s fo r th e advertisin g w e go t eac h issue . Thi s eg o massag e go t t o b e a ritua l fo r al l o f u s a t th e part y w e ha d afte r eac h issu e wa s lai d out , proofed , printe d .an d folde d ove r tha t three-da y maratho n o f publishin g fervo r displaye d ever y tw o week s — giv e o r tak e a weekend . Sinc e th e grou p revolve d aroun d th e artis t communit y an d th e artisti c perspec tive , th e mos t frequen t sourc e o f conflic t wa s busines s necessit y vs . artisti c crea tivity . At stak e was— a ver y fundamenta l issu e fo r us . T o wha t degre e d o yo u sac rific e th e artisti c purpose s th e pape r wa-s-Qrlgiriail y create d fo r i n orde r t o . accommodat e certai-a—traditiona l busines s • method s o f operation . Achievin g som e semblanc e o f balanc e ,require d endles s hour s o f argumen t an d re sulte d i n a sever e emotiona l drain . Eac h issu e w e fough t th e balancin g battl e an d figure d i t wa s successfull y won , onl y t o hav e i t star t u p agai n a t th e beginnin g o f th e nex t productio n period . Fo r example , Pete r Cosgrov e wa s re sponsibl e fo r th e artisti c desig n an d lay ou t o f th e advertising . Afte r spendin g a mornin g convincin g a reluctan t Ke y Wes t businessma n tha t h e shoul d bu y on e $3 5 ad , I wasn' t read y fo r Pete r t o sa y tha t th e a d wa s artisti c idiocy . Bu t h e inevitabl y sai d it , an d w e inevitabl y go t int o a n ar gument . Ther e wer e eve n time s Pete r in siste d tha t I g o bac k an d tel l th e gu y w e wouldn' t prin t th e a d hi s way . Craz y a s i t seems , ther e wer e time s I di d jus t that . O f cours e th e pape r wasn' t al l "heart ache s an d heartbreaks" . I t provide d a comraderi e o f sort s tha t go t u s al l throug h th e winter . But , fo r me , th e pape r becam e a burden . I t als o colore d m y vie w o f Ke y West . Fro m m y vantag e poin t l8 : l/ 2 fee t abov e se a level , I viewe d a Ke y Wes t havin g ex traordinar y asset s tha t wer e bein g plun dere d an d waste d fo r th e sak e o f th e touris t god . ' .. . B y th e tim e th e firs t thre e month s passed , th e pape r mad e enoug h mone y t o pa y fo r al l expense s excep t salaries . That' s wha t brok e i t fo r th e origina l group . W e wer e al l starvin g t o death . Everyon e ha d t o tr y t o d o extr a job s jus t t o liv e an d wor k o n th e pape r fo r eightee n hour s a da y — durin g th e productio n day s some time s twenty-six . Bu t probabl y th e thin g tha t crushe d u s al l wa s tha t th e pape r jus t didn' t go . Oh , i t ha d it s admirers , bu t financiall y w e wer e a bus t — o r s o w e thought . I n ou r idealis m w e fel t tha t th e pape r ha d t o b e a n instan t success , an d withi n a year , w e coul d al l bu y ou r ow n littl e conc h hous e an d retire ! However , n o matte r ho w muc h tim e I de vote d t o th e paper , ther e stil l wa s tim e fo r peopl e an d place s (couldn' t affor d "things") , Mallor y Squar e a t sunse t — bu t w e use d t o applau d and , a t times , go t a fre e supper : mediocr e food , grea t vibes ! O r Nic k fro m Nick' s Tuneup . Nic k pro vide d advic e t o Mik e an d m e o n ho w t o repai r th e tras h trucks . Originall y hi s advic e wa s no t t o ru n the m a t all . Bu t whe n w e con vince d hi m w e wer e goin g t o h e wa s kin d enoug h t o len d u s a socke t wrenc h o r two . Bu t mos t ofte n h e jus t enjoye d th e laughs . Fiv e week s fo r tha t truck ! You' d figur e w e coul d hav e a t leas t stoppe d th e doo r fro m swingin g ope n o n th e curves . Bu d a t th e Ol d Ancho r Inn . Ther e wa s n o plac e i n tow n lik e th e Anchor . Ther e wa s nobod y i n tow n lik e Bud . Th e proverbia l shirt-off-his-bac k typ e wh o i s continuall y steppe d o n i n a tow n lik e Ke y West . Sinc e m y winte r her e h e ha s bee n steppe d o n hard , an d Th e Ancho r ha s closed . Bu t Bu d live s o n a s proverbia l a s ever...an d I lov e hi m fo r it . And , believ e i t o r not , th e Stoc k Islan d dump . I t wa s a fantasti c tri p int o tras h land . There' s a whol e differen t grou p o f peopl e (no t includin g th e seagulls ) wh o g o ou t ther e t o unload—o r load — thei r truc k wit h th e discard s o f ou r "Keopolis" . So , what meanin g doe s Ke y Wes t hav e i n m y life ? I don' t know. , I'l l hav e t o com e back-som e day , an d tel l you . ;^,,c < • r : Full y Qualifie d Fre e Plek-U p & Deliver y COMPETEN T MECHANI C AN Y MAK E AMERICAN ) CA R • ELECTRICA L SYSTE M • IGNITIO N • CARBURETIO N • TRANSMISSIO N REPAI R 91 6 JAME S ST . 296-961 6 PAINTING S & GRAPHIC S & GALLER Y AT40 0 FRON T OL D KE Y WES T Marion Steven's ARTIST S UNLIMITE D Th e Uniqu e Ar t Galler y Key s andjjaribbea n Invite s yo u t o Tri p and/o T Bu y ; 2Z1 DuvaJ S V V = v-J ' '••• ' . ' ':. • [NQ5 1 •PIRATE S ALLEY I HANDMAD E CLOTJ|ING & ACCESSORIE S I A r l vi.-.h 1 ..!' ve»>

PAGE 3

marc h 197 3 solare s hill ' ACL U IT S FIRS T TW O YEAR S HER E b y Willia m Westray , U.S.N . (Ret, ) Legislativ e Chairman , Monro e Count y Chapter , A.C.L.U . o f Florid a " I disapprov e o f wha t yo u sa y bu t I wil l defen d t o th e deat h you r righ t t o sa y it. " Francoi s Voltaire , Frenc h phil osophe r an d author , firs t uttere d thos e word s i n th e mi d 18th-century , befor e Americ a becam e a nation . Th e framer s o f ou r Constitutio n un doubtedl y ha d thos e word s I n min d whe n the y wer e include d i n th e Firs t Amendmen t t o th e Constitution , th e firs t o f th e Bil l o f Rights . "Congres s shal l mak e n o la w respectin g a n establishmen t o f relig ion , o r prohibitin g th e fre e exercis e thereof ; o r ABRIDGIN G TH E FREEDO M O F SPEECH , o r o f th e press ; o r th e righ t o f th e peopl e peaceabl y t o assemble , an d t o petitio n th e Governmen t fo r a redres s o f grievances. " I n recen t year s th e Unite d State s Su prem e Cour t ha s extende d th e interpreta tio n o f freedo m o f speec h t o includ e th e righ t t o freedo m o f expression , an d in clude d therei n i s th e righ t t o dres s o r wea r one' s hai r a s on e please s withi n th e bound s o f decency . I t wa s thi s latte r tenet , thi s issue , tha t sparke d th e for matio n o f th e Monro e Count y Chapte r o f th e America n Civi l Libertie s Unio n o f Florid a i n Novembe r o f 1970 . "Sh e issue , th e suspensio n o f fou r youn g me n fro m a Monro e Count y Hig h Sehqpl _ fo r lon g hai r i n violatio n o f th e schoo l dres c code , create d widesprea d interest . I t aligne d th e young , supporte d b y a fe w lib era l parents , agains t th e "ol d guard " rep resente d b y th e Schoo l Board , i n a Federa l Cour t test . Strangel y enough , th e youn g peopl e los t thei r tes t cas e an d wer e force d t o cu t their , hai r t o ge t bac k i n school . Eve n th e appeal , whic h di d no t reac h 'de cisio n unti l th e Fal l o f 1972 , failed . However , th e purpos e behin d th e tes t suc ceeded . Th e Schoo l Boar d firs t liberal ize d an d the n completel y abolishe d schoo l dres s codes , leavin g i t t o parent s an d stu dent s themselve s t o decid e an d polic e thei r dress . Today , lon g hai r i n hig h schoo l i s a s commo n a s sunshin e i n Florida . Ou t o f al l thi s cam e th e Monro e Count y ACL U Chapter. . Th e membershi p recruite d ou t o f th e heavil y attende d Novembe r an d Decembe r 197 0 meeting s concernin g schoo l dress , becam e th e officer s an d constitu enc y o f Florida' s newes t Civi l Libertie s Unio n chapter . M o on e i n th e ne w chapte r ha d eve n bee n involve d i n civi l libertie s movement s before , bu t the y learne d quickly . The y refreshe d thei r memorie s regardin g consti tutiona l rights : Beside s th e Firs t Amendmen t ther e wa s th e Fourt h Amendment , "th e righ t o f th e peopl e t o b e secur e i n thei r persons , nouses , paper s an d effect s agains t unrea sonabl e searche s and*seizures" . Th e Fift h Amendment , "th e righ t no t t o testif y agains t oneself" . Th e Sixt h Amendment , th e righ t t o a speed y trial , t o b e informe d o f charge s against , t o obtai n witnesse s for , t o hav e th e assistanc e o f counse l i n one' s defense . Th e Eight h Amendment , whic h prohibit s excessiv e bai l an d crue l an d unusua l pun ishments . Th e Fourteent h Amendment , whic h guar antee s al l persons , citize n an d alie n alik e du e proces s an d equa l protectio n unde r th e law , an d protect s the m agains t unconstitu tiona l stat e o r loca l law . Wit h thes e principle s i n mind , th e ne w ACL U Boar d o f Director s bega n t o tak e a har d loo k a t th e administratio n o f justic e i n Ke y West . On e o f th e firs t issue s joine d involve d larg e scal e arrest s unde r a loca l Vagranc y ordinance . Th e ordinanc e wa s identica l i n wordin g t o a Florid a Stat ut e whic h ha d bee n declare d unconstitu tiona l b y th e U . S . Distric t Cour t fo r Souther n Florid a o n Jun e 9 , 1969 . Ye t be twee n Augus t 197 0 an d Januar y 1971 , 17 0 person s wer e arreste d an d 13 9 foun d guilt y o f Vagranc y unde r th e invali d law . I n Februar y 197 1 th e ne w chapte r bega n a de termine d effor t t o secur e th e repea l o f thi s ordinance . Presentation s b y chapte r officer s wer e mad e t o th e Ke y Wes t Cit y Commission , an d othe r civi c associations . Respons e wa s ver y negative , an d n o actio n wa s take n t o repea l th e law , bu t arrest s slowe d an d the n essentiall y ceased , a t leas t fo r th e remainde r o f th e touris t season , an d o n int o th e nex t Autumn . Durin g thi s time , however , attack s o n th e integrit y o f th e ACL U Chapte r an d persona l attack s o n th e chapter' s officer s an d members , develope d a t a rapi d rate . Concerte d effort s wer e mad e t o labe l ACL U member s a s "pinks" , "reds" , "subversives" , violen t revolutionarie s o r sympathizer s o f such . A n anonymou s pape r wa s widel y cir culate d i n th e cit y attemptin g t o sho w a connectio n betwee n th e America n Civi l Lib ertie s Unio n an d th e Communis t Part y o f th e U . S . Ou r chapte r wa s caugh t of f guar d an d wa s unprepare d an d ill-equippe d t o de fen d itsel f agains t thi s undergroun d bar rag e b y th e conservativ e extremists . Th e chapter' s speaker s a t civi c grou p meeting s wer e severel y vilified . A senio r judg e denounce d on e speake r a s a traito r fo r in sistin g o n du e proces s o f la w fo r aliens . A cit y commissioner , a n admitte d supporte r o f th e Joh n Birc h Society , an d a n adheren t t o th e theor y o f th e "Communis t Gran d Con spiracy" , use d hi s considerabl e influenc e t o discredi t chapte r officer s an d caus e cancellatio n o f thei r speakin g engagements . Initiall y chapte r officer s an d member s suffere d considerabl e socia l ostracis m an d sever e menta l pain . However , th e Stat e ACL U Headquarter s responde d t o th e cr y fo r hel p fro m Ke y Wes t wit h documente d en dorsement s o f th e hig h purpos e an d object ive s o f th e America n Civi l Libertie s Unio n ove r th e years , b y president s fro m Truma n t o Nixon , b y responsibl e an d accepte d newspapers , magazine s an d journals , b y prominen t leader s i n al l walk s o f life . Thes e helpe d conve y th e truth , bu t th e roa d bac k t o acceptanc e an d respectabilit y ha s bee n roug h an d slow . Earl y i n 197 1 th e chapte r se t u p schedule s o f cour t observer s t o observ e cour t practice s an d repor t apparen t abuses . I t thu s establishe d a visibl e presenc e i n ou r court s an d a t ou r cit y an d count y jail s an d la w agencies . T o quot e on e anonymou s apparen t la w enforcemen t source , "thei r (ACLU ) activitie s wil l unquestionabl y re quir e polic e agencie s t o mor e carefull y plac e charge s an d th e ordinanc e (sic ) ha d bette r fi t th e charg e otherwis e ther e the y (ACLU ) wil l bel! " I n actuality , th e chapte r wa s bein g give n credi t fo r mor e capacit y tha n i t coul d possibl y possess , bu t th e ne t effec t o f thi s overestimat e wa s t o caus e th e polic e t o significantl y tighte n al l o f thei r procedures . Durin g th e Sprin g o f 197 1 th e chapte r bega n anothe r concerte d driv e t o cu t dow n indiscree t us e o f firearm s b y polic e I n th e apprehensio n o f mino r offens e suspects . A fe w cit y polic e seeme d t o hav e a stron g penchan t fo r drawin g thei r gun s o n th e slightes t provocation . I f a perso n o f objectionabl e appearanc e wer e aske d fo r identificatio n an d gav e th e slightes t objection,h e migh t fin d himsel f starin g dow n th e busines s en d o f a polic e re volver . Shoul d h e attemp t t o flee , h e quit e possibl y woul d experienc e bullet s flyin g ove r hi s head . Severa l shootin g incident s occurre d durin g th e summe r o f 197 1 whic h culmin ate d i n th e slayin g o f a youn g ma n wh o fle d o n foo t whe n h e wa s bein g arreste d fo r possessio n o f a stole n motorcycle . Thi s wa s a felon y offens e an d th e actua l fata l polic e bulle t seeme d t o hav e struc k it s mar k b y acciden t rathe r tha n b e de liberat e intent . Nevertheless , th e deat h wa s regretable...ther e wa s n o self defens e o r apparen t dangerou s crimina l aspec t t o th e killing . Abou t th e sam e tim e a n office r fire d warnin g shot s t o sto p som e runnin g sub teenager s see n smokin g nex t t o a cister n i n Mallor y Square . H e suspecte d the y wer e smokin g marijuana . The y stoppe d whe n h e fired . The y wer e foun d t o b e smokin g regula r cigarettes . A fe w week s later , a n office r attempte d th e arres t o f a youn g ma n fo r carryin g a ca n o f bee r alon g th e sidewalk . Instea d o f stopping , th e ma n se t th e bee r dow n o n th e roo f o f th e polic e cruise r an d ran . Th e office r chase d hi m an d fire d thre e times . Th e ma n go t awa y fo r a whil e bu t th e polic e office r wa s quote d a s saying , "I f he' s si x fee t tall , I' m goin g t o fir e si x fee t one. " Th e ma n wa s late r caugh t hidin g I n som e bushes . H e turne d ou t t o b e fro m Miami , i n Ke y Wes t fo r th e firs t tim e an d ha d neve r bee n arreste d before . H e wa s charge d onl y wit h drinkin g alcoholi c bev erage s i n publi c an d h e plea d guilt y whe n booked , pai d a predetermine d fin e an d lef t Ke y Wes t immediately . Ou r chapte r raise d a hug h publi c out cr y ove r th e latte r incident , citin g th e othe r case s a s formin g a patter n o f im prope r us e o f firearm s an d callin g fo r th e suspensio n o f th e office r i n th e latte r cas e pendin g a ful l investigation . A n Investigatio n wa s conducte d b y a senio r polic e office r an d th e patrolma n wa s ex onerated , bu t a s a resul t o f chapte r pressures , th e polic e chie f issue d a n or de r forbiddin g th e discharg e o f gun s durin g th e apprehensio n o f non-aggressiv e fleein g misdemeanants . In.Decembe r 1971 , durin g th e annua l "hippie " Invasion , polic e resurrecte d th e Vagranc y la w an d mad e a mas s arres t o f hk person s i n abou t tw o hour s fo r "lackin g visibl e mean s o f support" . Th e chapte r reacte d quickl y wit h letter s t o th e cit y manager , mayor , an d chie f o f police , an d wit h a stron g protes t throug h th e new s media . I n general , th e new s coverag e favore d ou r protests . Whe n th e case s wen t t o trial , mos t wer e dismisse d o r le t of f upo n paymen t o f $ 5 costs . Shortly , thereafter , th e municipa l judg e announce d publicl y tha t h e considere d th e Vagranc y la w unconstitutionall y vagu e an d woul d no t prosecut e unde r I t i n th e future . Meanwhil e th e Florid a Attorne y Genera l wa s appealin g th e previou s U . S , Distric t Cour t decisio n bu t whe n I t wa s hear d b y th e U . S . Suprem e Cour t i n a Jacksonvill e cas e argue d b y ACL U i t wa s declare d un constitutiona l fo r onc e an d fo r all . Com mente d Justic e Warre n Burger , "i f Presi den t Nixo n wer e t o wal k th e street s o f Jacksonville , h e migh t b e declare d a vagran t unde r thi s law. " Earl y i n 1972 , th e chapte r go t a bi g boos * i n moral e an d capabilit y whe n a Miam i lega l service s attorney , Shell y Rothman , a staunc h liberal , decide d t o mov e he r practic e t o Monro e Count y an d contrib ut e a larg e shar e o f he r effor t t o helpin g th e loca l ACL U chapte r an d servin g a s chairma n o f it s lega l panel . Mis s Rothma n helpe d prepar e argument s agains t a ne w Loiterin g ordinanc e whic h th e cit y commis sio n considere d i n Februar y 1972 . Pres sur e fro m conservativ e interest s prevailed , however , an d th e la w wa s passed . Als o i n February , anothe r polic e shootin g inciden t occurre d whe n a n office r fire d an d hi t a fleein g juvenil e suspect , though t t o hav e bee n smokin g marijuana . Fortunatel y th e bulle t misse d th e boy' s le g bon e passin g throug h th e flesh y par t o f hi s calf ; however , tw o Innocen t pedes trian s wer e i n th e lin e o f fir e an d dov e t o th e groun d i n th e stree t t o avoi d bein g shot. . Onc e again , th e publi c outcr y o f th e chapte r wa s lou d an d prolonged , an d som e Interna l administrativ e remonstranc e agains t th e office r resulted . Th e mor e cogen t result , however , wa s a new , firme r departmenta l orde r prohibitin g us e o f gun s excep t i n sel f defens e o r t o captur e " ' dangerou s suspects . Tw o serie s o f Loiterin g arrest s go t b y th e chapte r I n Marc h 197 2 whe n al l defend end s arreste d o n a weeken d pleade d guilt y an d pai d fine s ou t o f court . Al l wer e colleg e student s visitin g Ke y Wes t durin g thei r Easte r vacation . A cit y commissione r charge d wit h loiterin g decline d ACL U as sistanc e bu t wen t fre e anyho w o n a mino r lega l technicalit y whe n th e complainan t neglecte d t o stat e i n cour t tha t Duva l Stree t wher e th e offens e occurre d wa s i n th e Cit y o f Ke y West , Count y o f Monroe . I n th e sam e month , ACL U successfull y de fende d a loca l caf e owne r agains t arbi trar y an d selectiv e enforcemen t o f a local , unuse d anti-sidewal k billboar d ordinanc e a s unconstitutiona l i n application . Durin g th e Sprin g an d Summe r o f 1972 , a serie s o f decision s an d action s in volvin g publi c defender s fo r poo r peopl e i n lowe r courts , demande d th e chapter' s attention . Firs t ther e cam e a U . S . tb i ti d f defender s fo r indigent s bein g trie d fo r offense s subjec t t o 9 0 day s o r mor e in . jail . I n a tes t decision , ACL U secure d th e releas e b y Habea s Corpu s an d show caus e action s o f a pett y larcen y plain tiff . He' d bee n convicte d i n municipa l court , the n imprisone d withou t benefi t o f counse l o r knowin g waive r thereof . I n respons e t o tha t move , th e cit y commis sio n reduce d thei r genera l penalt y ordin anc e fro m a maximu m o f 9 0 day s t o 6 0 day s t o avoi d th e applicatio n o f th e decision . Chapte r spokesme n publicl y argue d agains t th e commissio n actio n an d appeale d instea d fo r a publi c defende r for " municipa l court . Th e protes t wen t fo r naught . However , consisten t wit h predictions , th e U . S . Suprem e Court , a fe w week s later , extende d th e protectio n o f a publi c defende r t o a n Indigen t defenden t subjec t t o on e da y o r mor e i n jail . Bu t eve n afte r thi s decisio n (th e Argersinge r case ) th e Ke y Wes t Cit y Commissio n dragge d it s collectiv e fee t i n securin g a publi c de fende r fo r cit y cour t unti l th e ACL U file d a Habea s Corpu s actio n t o secur e th e releas e o f a ma n wh o ha d bee n denie d counse l an d jaile d fo r 3 0 days . Tha t cas e to o wa s los t a t circui t cour t leve l whe n th e circui t judg e rule d tha t a waive r o f righ t t o counse l signe d b y th e defenden t afte r convictio n constitute d a knowin g an d intelligen t waive r o f righ t t o counsel . Thi s decisio n i s stil l unde r appea l bu t th e litigatio n cause d th e cit y t o finall y ac t an d appoin t a publi c defender . Essentiall y thi s servic e i s no w avail abl e i n cit y cour t t o al l wh o qualif y a s . indigent s an d thi s fac t i s clearl y an nounce d i n ope n cour t a t th e beginnin g o f eac h day' s hearings . Th e ACL U feel s tha t thi s i s on e o f it s mos t importan t accom plishment s i n attemptin g t o provid e th e poo r wit h equa l protectio n unde r th e la w a s provide d fo r i n th e Fourteent h Amend men t , A ne w chang e i n th e Florid a Consti tutio n i s i n th e proces s o f changin g ou r ol d four o r five-tie r cour t syste m int o a two-tie r system . Justice-of-the-Peac e Courts , Juvenil e Courts , Crimina l Court; o f Record , Municipa l Court s an d Smal l Claim s Court s ar e bein g replace d o r com bine d int o Count y Court s an d Circui t Courts . J.P, , Juvenil e an d Smal l Claim s Court s hav e alread y bee n abolishe d a s o f Januar y 1 . Ke y Wes t Municipa l Cour t wil l b e phase d ou t a t a tim e tentativel y se t fo r nex t summe r bu t no t finall y de cided . I n anticipatio n o f this , ACL U ha s starte d shiftin g it s attentio n t o th e count y courts . Th e chapte r bega n b y initiatin g a stud y o f count y cour t record s t o estab lis h a factual , statistica l bas e o f pas t practice s I n th e administratio n o f jus tic e i n th e count y judicia l system . Th e record s o f th e Circui t Cour t wer e reviewe d withou t difficulty , bu t afte r abou t on e hou r o f Inspectin g an d trans cribin g fro m Crimina l Cour t records , th e cler k o f th e Crimina l Cour t ordere d th e surve y stopped . Acces s t o Florid a publi c record s I s guarantee d t o an y citize n o f Florid a b y Florid a Statut e 11 9 whic h als o provide s fo r punitiv e actio n agains t an y publi c officia l wh o denie s suc h access . A simila r resul t ensue d whe n chapte r representative s sough t t o inspec t complete d arres t record s i n th e count y sheriff' s office . I n denyin g th e request , th e sherif f state d tha t h e fel t i t wa s hi s dut y t o protec t th e name s o f al l person s arreste d fro m publi c disclosur e o f th e fac t an d reaso n fo r thei r arrest . T o correc t thi s situatio n th e ACL U ha s file d sui t i n Cir cui t Cour t t o secur e a Wri t o f Mandamu s requirin g 'th&% _ £!l?..jSiJg£Ji$^ftflxii--th e sher-i-f-f :--op'e^--ij'he«e^'i! r e"c^rcIs"""t;o-"th e publi c I n accord anc e wit h Florida' s Publi c Record s law . Thi s cas e i s pending . Th e mos t recen t confrontatio n b y th e ACL U Chapte r wit h th e cit y governmen t ha s bee n ove r th e us e o f th e cit y Loiterin g la w enacte d a yea r ago . In . Octobe r 1972 , : cit y polic e mad e tw o arrest s o f group s o f si x person s each , o n charge s o f Loitering . Th e firs t occurre d I n fron t o f Lou' s Ba r a t Carolin e an d Duva l Streets . Th e othe r occurre d a t th e sit e o f Craz y Ophelia' s Cafe , 61 5 Duva l St . ACL U cooperatin g attorne y Shelle y Rothma n defende d i n th e latte r cas e an d mad e a stron g argumen t o n a motio n t o dismis s o n unconstitutiona l grounds . Municipa l Judg e Hug h Pap y denie d th e motio n bu t the n dismisse d th e cas e o n th e fact s whe n th e arrestin g office r state d tha t th e defendent s move d asid e whe n h e wen t t o pass . Th e othe r case , de fende d b y Attorne y Manua l James , wa s hear d a fe w day s later . Thi s to o wa s dismisse d o n fact s rathe r tha n constitutiona l grounds , althoug h th e attorne y argue d th e elemen t o f vaguenes s i n securin g th e dis missals . I n adjudicatin g tha t case , Judg e Pap y commente d tha t h e woul d convic t n o mor e allege d loiterer s unde r th e ordin anc e unti l i t ha d bee n rewritten . I t appeare d tha t th e ACL U campaig n agains t th e catch-al l loiterin g la w ha d bee n wo n unti l lat e Januar y 19 7 3 whe n th e cit y suddenl y stage d a Saturda y nigh t crackdow n o n a numbe r o f group s meander in g alon g Duva l Street . Abou t 2 5 peopl e wer e charge d wit h Loiterin g I n thes e ar. rests . Allege d violator s include d fou r servicemen , a numbe r o f tourists , a hig h schoo l teache r visitinp : fo r "on e da y fro m Cora l fJable s , an d a numbe r o f minor s wh o ha d jus t emerge d fro m a coffe e sho p an d wer e strollin g an d "rapping" . I n apprehendin g th e schoo l teacher , on e office r fire d a warnin g sho t i n th e ai r whic h allegedl y endangere d a bystande r o n a balcon y abov e him . Th e ACL U secure d swor n affidavit/ a fro m a numbe r o f defendent s an d othe r witnesses , an d arme d wit h these , complaine d bitterl y agains t th e may s arrest s an d th e shooting . Confiden t tha t th e Judg e woul d follo w hi s previou s dictate s an d dismis s al l o f th e loiterin g cases . ACL U stoo d bac k an d le t th e defendant s stan d alone . ACL U cour t observer s wer e the n shocke d a t th e result . Thirtee n o f fiftee n defendant s wh o wen t t o tria l wer e adjudicate d guilt y o f loiterin g an d fine d o r Imprisoned . Thos e convicte d include d 3 o f ' I mino r serviceme n an d thei r youn g gir l friends . ACL U wa s abl e t o reac t quickl y t o thi s setback . Withi n minute s I t obtaine d th e approva l o f it s loca l Boar d o f Directors , an d befor e cour t wa s ou t I t ha d poste d appea l bon d fo r Arm y Privat e Geral d M . Clccarella , ag e 18 , on e o f thos e wh o ha d jus t com e ou t o f th e coffe e sho p wit h hi s gir l friend . Thi s appea l wa s file d o n Februar y 6 , 197 3 an d wil l b e hear d initiall y I n Circui t Cour t i n Ke y West . Thus , i n slightl y ove r tw o years , th e Monro e Count y Chapte r o r th e America n Civi l Libertie s Unio n o f Florida , ha s becom e a poten t forc e i n Monro e Count y an d particu larl y i n Ke y West . I t i s th e champio n o f governmen t b y teste d lav ; rathe r tha n gov ernmen t b y emotio n o r reaction . I t re ject s th e concep t o f broad , overvagu e law s whic h ca n b e use d selectivel y agains t minorit y groups , i n th e nam e o f "law-and order" . I t staunchl y advocate s equa l jus tic e fo r al l a s prescribe d I n th e Four teent h Amendmen t t o th e Constitution , an d a s recite d so . ofte n b y mos t o f u s i n th e Pledg e o f Allegianc e wit h th e words".., ' . • wit h libert y an d justic e fo r all. " Th e Monro e Count y Chapte r o f ACL U num ber s abou t 50 . It s chairma n i s a fisher ie s biologist . It s othe r officer s includ e a lawyer , retire d nava l officer , a trucker , a n architect , a schoo l teache r an d a sec retary . It s member s includ e doctors , lawyers , dentists,^architects , schoo l teachers , artists , writers , retire d per sons , busines s merchants , socia l workers , an d students , lon g hair s an d short . Mos t busines s o f th e chapte r i s conducte d a t Boar d o f Directors ' meetings , hel d abou t biweekly . Regula r member s atten d thes e meeting s an d voic e thei r opinions , al thoug h the y d o no t vot e o n motions . How ever , Boar d o f Directors ' decision s hav e alway s conforme d t o th e opinion s o f th e members . Fo r th e immediat e futur e th e chapte r wil l continu e t o pres s th e litigation s i t ha s commenced . Thes e ar e acces s t o pub li c records , repea l o f loiterin g an d othe r vague , standardless , unconstitu tiona l laws , adherenc e t o th e righ t t o counse l (publi c defender ) fo r Indigent s i n bot h city , count y an d circui t courts . I t wil l als o Initiat e actio n t o secur e certai n ne w procedure s proscribe d b y th e Florid a Suprem e Cour t fo r al l court s o n Februar y 1 , 1973 . Thes e includ e earl y bon d an d probabl e caus e hearings , fo r al l person s arrested , releas e o n ow n recog nisanc e rathe r tha n bon d fo r mino r offend ers. , full•implementatio n o f th e Arger slnge r (publi c defender ) decisio n fo r al l qualifie d defendants , acces s t o cour t records . Thes e ar e rarel y popula r causer , becaus e th e person s wh o ar e entitle d t o thes e right s ar e alread y eharpe d wit h a n offens e agains t tn e law . Thu s th e perso n o r agency , suc h a s ACLU , wh o champion s rhes e rlchte , rarel y champion s a popula r cause . I f i t wer e a popula r caus e i t probabl y -wouldn' t nee d ACL U support . Bu t ACL U ha s supporter s an d is-'alway s lookin g fo r more ; I t ca n us e both'active , outspoke n supporter s an d th e quie t kind . I t need s man y mor e o f bot h becaus e TH E FIGH T FO R CIVI L LIBERTIE S NEVE R STAY S WO N — witnes s th e VAGRANC Y law , the n th e LOITERIN G law . Bu t fh e figh t mus t .# o o n .. . mus t neve r sto p .. . fo r constitu tiona l ripht s an d libertie s ar e a n Ameri ca n heritag e .. . i f no t preserved , th e NEX T LIBERT Y LOS T MIGH T B E YOU R OWN .

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Wha t Now , Miste r Mayor ? A n Intervie w wit h Sonn y McCo y "Riding through different towns or areas throughout the country, one is soon able to guess, with some eort of reliability, the economic base of the area. Exactly, what do they do for a living avound here. Sparrows Point, Baltimore: the red soot covering everything from the smoke stacks of Bethlehem Steel. Manhattan, Kansas: rows and rows of grain elevators. Tuscola, Illinois: fields of ^ corn as far as the eye can see. Leadville, Colorado: the old opera house and other buildings of the silver mining era, now preserved for the summer tourists. Route 22, New Jersey: the gaudiest of franchised neon connecting Newark with Philadelphia, flantucket, Massachusetts: the well preserved old homes reflecting the long past whaling industry and now, tourism. " Peter Cosgrove CIGA R MANUFACTUR E A t presen t writin g (January , 1888 ) ther e ar e 16 6 factorie s an d th e outpu t fo r th e pas t yea r wa s 100,000,00 0 cigars , th e amoun t pai d t o employee s weekl y bein g abou t $60,000 . Ke y Wes t pay s nineteen-twen tieth s o f th e interna l revenu e collecte d i n th e Stat e o f Florida , whic h i s largel y du e t o th e importanc e o f th e leadin g industr y o f th e islan d — ciga r manufacturing . TH E SPONG E INDUSTR Y Rankin g nex t i n importanc e t o ciga r manufacturin g i s th e spong e industr y whic h add s $250,00 0 pe r annu m t o th e busines s o f is*w?*B-l««^-.aa4T^^v:«t8-^lEl,oxmen t t o a larg e numbe r o f people . TURTLIN G A busines s o f abou t $5,00 0 pe r yea r i s don e i n thi s line . (Solare s Hill , Vol . 1 ; No . 3 fro m Bensel' s Ke y Wes t Directory , 1888 ) b y Pete r Cosgrov e "Sooner or later the stranger to our island is riding down Duval Street, after turning right off of Truman Avenue. Down past the imposing characters entering and leaving "Big Mama's", which is nearly across from the dirt and cluttered parking lot of one of Key West's taxi stands. Along past Crazy Orphelia'a, just past William Gamble's immaculate watches and Jewelry. Past enterprising Theron's psychedelia world, past the buildings built for another era. On down to the colonial brick of Gulf Life Insurance, across from Lou's open windowed spirited bar. Past Fogarty's and Steven's. Past the aromas wafting out of Shorty's across from the Old Anchor Inn, which sadly is no longer. Holding his ears against the ringing assault from Sloppy ' s and on down to the Gulf and the gulf." Peter Cosgrove "I WAS BORN HERE IN KEY WEST, AND I'VE SEEN A LOT OF CHANGES. I'VE SEEN A LOT OF CHANGES THAT WERE BAD, AND I WAS OF THE VOLITION THAT ALL THESE THINGS, THE PEOPLE THAT CAME WEREN'T BENEFICIAL TO THE CITY. THEY MADE DUVAL STREET SINGAPORE, USA. THIS ISN'T THE KEY WEST I KNEW WHEN I WAS 12 YEARS OLD. YOU VSED TO BE ABLE TO WALK DOWN DUVAL STREET AND SEE GENTLE PEOPLE. THERE WAS NOBODY DISTURBING YOU. SO THE INFLUX OF PEOPLE THEY BROUGHT GOOD PEOPLE, AND THEY BROUGHT BAD PEOPLE. BUT, WE HAVE TO REMEMBER ONE THING IF WE'RE GOING TO BE A DEMOCRACY WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TO BE TOLERANT OF EVERYBODY THAT COMES IN. " Mayor McCoy Despit e a buildin g moratoriu m in-fe y Wes t prompte d b y th e Florid a Pollutio n .Contro l Board' s freez e o n ne w sewe r hook ups , th e cit y jumpe d fro m $1. 5 millio n t o $22.* • millio n las t yea r i n ne w con struction . Th e city' s hig h wa s du e t o $1 5 millio n condominiu m project s (stil l hel d u p b y th e U.S . Arm y Corp s o f Engi* neers ) an d a ne w shoppin g cente r an d re tiremen t center . Permit s o n thes e majo r project s wer e grante d befor e th e buildin g moratoriu m wen t int o effec t i n October . "Key West? As one comes in on Route 1, the gaudiness of cheap franchise architecture and the dazzling display of corrupted neon, an artistic medium still in the hands of blacksmiths, assaults those driving Althoug h th e bulkhea d o r seawar d ' to their long sought-after island paradise, developmen t lin e wil l b e hel d a t mea n After all, wasn't this the home of Hemingway hig h wate r throughou t th e low-lyin g and Audubon and now the home of Williams, ^ Keys , Lewi n (Kermi t Lewin , Monro e Coun WUs on and Rerlihy? Searstown, whose archi-ty's zoning-buildin g director ) says , tects must have been inspired by early naval "W e ca n lear n t o liv e wit h i t an d devel ainder block barracks. Down past the Howardop aroun d it. " Johnsons, across from the new shopping center, past Pantry Pride's box architecture bounding a plethora of real estate signs. Along gas stations and new and used car row parasitioally clinging to Roosevelt Boulevard. For the first couple of miles on our tiny island, the stranger sees a road alongside one huge and continuous parking tot. For these delights one might as well ride up and down on the New Jersey Turnpike. " Peter Cosgrove "WE HAVE A SITUATION IN KEY VEST WHERE WE WANT TO KEEP THE NOSTALGIA, CHARM AND EVERYTHING OF THE 19TH CENTURY WHAT OUR PAST IS, BECAUSE KEY WEST PERSONIFIES THE PIONEER OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA, THIS IS WHERE IT ORIGINALLY STARTED, PLACES LIKE KEY WEST, PENSACOLA AND ST. AUGUSTINE. THIS IS WHERE FLORIDA REALLY STARTED, AND WE NEVES WANT TO DESTROY THIS. BUT, BY THE SAME TOKEN THE PEOPLE WHO WANT TO STAND STILL ARE LOOKING INTO A WELL. THEY HAVE TO REMEMBER' THAT THEY'RE BEGETTING CHILDREN AND THEIR CHILDREN ARE BEGETTING CHILDREN AND WE'RE GETTING A LOT OF PEOPLE. NOW WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TO SAY SOMETHING NOBODY ELSE CA-N LIVE HERE THAT CAME AFTER 1973 OR '?6 OR WE MIGHT GO BACK TO I960 AND THEN SEND ALL OF THESE PEOPLE OUT THAT CAME HERE, ESPECIALLY THE ONES WHO SEEM MOST CONCERNED* (THEY 'RE) THE ONES WHO HAVE COME HERE AFTER 1960." Mayor McCoy (Wrigh t Langley ; Miam i Herald , Januar y 21 , 1972 1 a/ west Commontoealtf ) o f Advanc e cop y 1 9 7 0 Act s an d Resolve s JOH N F . X . DAVOREN , Secretary of the Commonuleallh ACTS , 197 0 CHAP . 39 5 23 7 O n Sit e Sale s Office : 270 0 N . Roosevel t Blvd. , Ke y West , Fla . I n Ke y West , cal l 294-515 5 o r 296-850 5 Edwar d B . Knight , Realtor , KE Y WEST' S FIRS T CONDOMINIU M Overlookin g bot h th e Atlanti c an d th e Gul f o f Mexico , Harbo r Ca y Wes t i s th e beginnin g o f a ne w lif e fo r you—fo r a vacation-retrea t sec on d home , fo r retiremen t o r fo r investmen t a s a renta l opportunity . Harbo r Ca y West , o n Ke y West' s Nort h Roosevei t Boulevard , i s a $15-millio n developmen t compose d o f fiv e handsom e condominium s o f varyin g heigh t (5 , 7 an d 1 1 stories) . Th e buildings , includin g a privat e clubhouse , occup y onl y 15 % o f th e 16.8-acr e site—leavin g a lus h settin g o f trop ica l greener y an d recreationa l facilities . Chap . 395 . A N AC T ESTABLISHIN G A N HISTORI C DIS TRIC T COMMISSIO N FO R TH E TOW N O F NANTUCKE T AN D ESTABLISHIN G NANTUC KE T A S TH E HISTORI C DISTRICT . B e I t enacted , etc. , a s follows : SECTIO N 1 . Chapte r si x hundre d an d on e o f th e act s o f ninetee n hundre d an d fifty-fiv e i s hereb y repeale d an d th e Histori c District s Commissio n i s hereb y abolished . SECTIO N 2 . Th e purpos e o f thi s ac t i s t o promot e th e genera l welfar e o f th e inhabitant s o f th e tow n o f Nantueket . throug h th e .preservatio n an d protectio n o f histori c build ings , place s an d district s o f histori c interest ; throug h th e developmen t o f a n appropriat e settin g fo r thes e buildings , place s an d districts ; an d throug h th e benefit s resultin g t o th e econom y o f Nantucke t i n developin g an d maintainin g it s vacation-trave l industr y throug h th e promotio n o f thes e histori c associations . SECTIO N 3 . Ther e i s hereb y establishe d i n th e tow n o f Nantucke t a n Histori c Distric t Commissio n consistin g o f fiv e unpai d member s wh o shal l b e residen t taxpayer s o f th e tow n o f Nantucket , t o b e appointe d b y th e selectmen . Th e Histori c Distric t Commissio n shal l hav e th e power s an d authorit y an d perfor m al l th e dutie s a s hereinafte r enumerate d an d provided . Th e origina l appointmen t o f th e member s o f th e Histori c Distric t Commissio n shal l b e on e fo r on e year , on e fo r tw o years , on e fo r thre e years , on e fo r fou r year s an d on e fo r fiv e years , fro m Marc h th e firs t followin g th e yea r o f suc h appointmen t o f unti l thei r successo r i s elected , an d thereafte r ther e shal l b e electe d a t th e annua l tow n meetin g i n eac h yea r on e membe r o f suc h commissio n t o serv e fo r th e ter m o f fiv e years . Va cancie s occurrin g i n th e commission , othe r tha n b y expir atio n o f ter m o f office , shal l b e fille d b y appointmen t b y th e selectmen , bu t suc h appointmen t shal l b e onl y fo r th e unexpire d portio n o f th e ter m o f th e membe r replaced . SECTIO N 4 . Ther e i s hereb y establishe d i n th e tow n o f .Nantucke t a n Histori c Nantucke t District , whic h shal l in clud e th e lan d an d Water s comprisiaglhe,town , o f Nan tucket . COSGROVE: You stated in an earlier interview (Solares Hill: Vol. I; No. 10) that you were concerned that the old island would retain its flavor, but that the eastern part of the island would see an increase in density. Do you have a particular plan? Are we going to see. something like Miami Beach, gust a strip of condominiums and motels along Roosevelt Boulevard? MaCOY: I'M AFRAID NO ONE PERSON IS GOING TO CONTROL EXACTLY WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE. FIRST OF ALL, WE START OFF WITH TEE UNDERSTANDING, THE PREMISE, THAT I'M NOT GOING TO CONTROL IT, AND NO OTHER SINGLE PERSON IS. THE THING WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TO DO IS SPEAK IN GENERAL CONCEPTS. WHERE THERE IS GOING TO BE A HIGH DENSITY OF LIVING, WE HAVE TO HAVE AS MUCH GROUND SPACE PRESERVED SO THAT THERE ARE A LOT OF TREES THERE, GROUNDS AVAILABLE AND THINGS LIKE THIS S O WE JUST DON'T HAVE WALL-TO-WALL BUILDINGS. SO IF WE TALK ABOUT INCREASING THE DENSITY, BUT YET PROVIDE OPEN SPACE WE'RE TALKING ABOUT A VERTICAL EXPANSION. SO WHEN WE'RE TALKING ABOUT SOMETHING, IT DOES NOT CONJURE UP IN YOUR MIND SOMETHING THAT HAS TO BE UGLY. LIKE THEY HAVE TAKEN MIAMI BEACH, AND IT'S JUST ABSOLUTELY BUILDING TO BUILDING TO BUILDING WITH ABSOLUTELY NOTHING BETWEEN THEM. THERE'S NOTHING BUT CONCRETE WITH OCCASIONALLY AN OPENING WITH A PALM TREE COMING OUT OF IT. WE'RE NOT TALKING ABOUT THAT. WHAT WE'RE TALKING ABOUT IS SOME SORT OF CONTROL. THEY CAN JUST USE SO MUCH SPACE; THAT'S GOING TO BE A REQUIREMENT. IF YOU TALK ABOUT DENSITY, YOU'RE GOING TO HAVE TO TALK ABOUT A STEP TYPE OF BUILDING SO WE DO NOT COME UP WITH STRAIGHT TOWERS BUT THAT THERE IS A CLUSTER MAYBE AND OPEN GROUND SPACES, SO THERE'S AIR COMING THROUGH. WE DON'T WANT TO DESTROY THE.THINGS WE HAVE, BUT A BASIC CONCEPT IS ARE WE GOING TO ALLOW A GREATER DENSITY OF PEOPLE TO KEY WEST. IF WE SAY YES TO THAT, THEN WE WANT TO CONTROL IT IN THE BEST MANNER POSSIBLE SO THAT WE DON'T HAVE ALL CONCRETE AND THAT WE DO NOT CONVEY SOMETHING LIKE MIAMI BEACH WHERE IT'S NOTHING BUT CONCRETE. WE'RE TALKISG ABOUT ALLOWING MORE PEOPLE TO THE CITY OF KEY WEST, BUT BY THE SAME TOKEN, WE DO NOT WANT TO DESTROY EVERYTHING THAT HAS BEEN HEIRED TO US. COSGROVE: In new developments, like _ Key West where we're preparing to build and have an influx of new people, it's the older residents who end up with the tax burden to cover the expenses^ for the services the city must provide... MeCOY: r I WOULD SAY THAT IS NOT A TRUISM. ON THE CONTRARY, THESE APARTMENTS ARE BEING SOLD BY A LARGE DEGREE, TO PEOPLE IN THE MID-WEST AND NEW ENGLAND, WHO WOULD LIKE TO COME DOWN HERE ONLY IN THE WINTER. THEY'LL SPEND THREE MONTHS 0Ul\ OF THE YEAR HERE IN THAT APARTMENT AND'THE REST OF THE TIME THEY WILL NOT BE USING IT. YET THEY WILL PAY AD VALOREM TAXES. THEY DON'T WORRY ABOUT CHILDREN; -THEIR NEEDS FROM THE COMMUNITY ARE MUCH LESS. THEY'RE NOT POVERTY PEOPLE THAT REQUIRE SPECIAL CONSIDERATION. THE PEOPLE WHO NORMALLY PUT A GREATER DEMAND ON THE TAX DOLLAR ARE THOSE WHO PAY THE LESS. THESE ARE PEOPLE WHO WOULD BRING MONEY IN HERE TO SUPPORT ALL THOSE PROGRAMS WE HAVE TO TAKE CARE OF, WITH THE LEAST DEMANDS UPON THE CITY. SO ACTUALLY IF YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT A DOLLAR WISE SITUATION, IT'S GOOD BUSINESS... THE CITY ISN'T IN THE BUSINESS OF LOOKING AT EVERYTHING AS BUSINESS...THE CITY IS HERE FOR ONLY ONE PURPOSE AND THAT IS TO PROVIDE THE SERVICES THE INDIVIDUALS OR SMALL GROUPS CANNOT PROVIDE, THAT IS FIRE, POLICE, ETC. SECTIO N 5 . N o buildin g o f structur e shal l hereafte r b e erected , reconstructed , altere d o r restore d withi n th e Histori c Nantucke t Distric t unles s an d unti l a n applicatio n fo r a buildin g permi t shal l hav e bee n approve d a s t o ex terio r architectura l feature s whic h ar e subjec t t o publi c vie w fro m a publi c street , wa y o r place . Evidenc e o f suc h require d approva l shal l b e a certificat e o f appropriatenes s issue d b y th e Histori c Distric t Commission . SECTIO N 6 . N o buildin g o r structur e withi n th e Histori c Nantueke t Distric t shal l b e raze d withou t firs t obtainin g a permi t approve d b y th e Histori c Distric t Commission , an d sai d commissio n shal l b e empowere d t o refus e suc h a permi t fo r an y buildin g o r structur e o f suc h architectura l o r histori c interest , th e remova l o f whic h i n th e opinio n o f sai d commissio n woul d b e detrimenta l t o th e publi c in teres t o f th e tow n o f Nantueke t o r th e villag e o f Siasconset . SECTIO N 7 . Th e erectio n o r displa y o f a n occupationa l o r ethe r sig n exceedin g tw o fee t i n lengt h an d si x inche s i n widt h o r th e erectio n o r displa y of,mor e tha n on e suc h sign , irrespectiv e o f size , o n an y lot , buildin g o r struc tur e locate d withi n th e Histori c Nantucke t Distric t mua t bu.approvf'c ' i n advanc e b y th e Histori c Distric t Commis sion . Evidenc e o f suc h approva l shal l b e a certificat e o f appropriatenes s issue d b y sai d commission . SECTIO N y.Thi Histori c Distric t Commissio n slutl l elcc i it s i-huirnu m cm d secretary . Th e commissio n shal l mee t withi n te n •lay s afte r nntificatio n b y U s secretar y o f th e receip t o f a n applicatio n fo r a certificat e o f appropri atenes s o r permi t fo r remova l an d a t suc h othe r time s a s th e commissio n ma y determin e o r upo n cal l o f th e chair ma n o r o f an y tw o members . I t shal l kee p a permanen t recor d o f it s resolutions , transaction s an d determination s an d ma y mak e suc h rule s an d regulation s consisten t wit h thi s ac t a s ma y appea r desirabl e an d necessary . I t ma y hol d publi c o r privat e hearing s a s i t ma y dee m advisable . I t ma y incu r expense s necessar y t o th e carryin g o n o f it s wor k withi n th e amoun t o f it s annua l appropriation . SECTIO N 9 . (a ) I t shal l b e th e functio n an d th e dut y o f th e Histori c Distric t Commissio n t o pas s upo n th e appro priatenes s o f exterio r architectura l feature s o f building s an d structure s hereafte r t o b e Erected , reconstructed , altere d o r restore d i n th e Histori c Nantucke t Distric t whereve r suc h exterio r feature s ar e subjec t t o publi c vie w fro m a publi c stree t o r way . Al l plans , elevation s an d othe r informatio n deeme d necessar y b y th e commissio n t o determin e th e appropriatenes s o f th e exterio r feature s t o . b e passe d upo n shal l b e mad e availabl e t o th e commissio n b y th e applicant . I t shal l als o b e th e dut y o f th e commis C0SGR0VE_; Is the city prepared for this influx? Is the fire department prepared to handle an II story building? McCOY: YES, BECAUSE WE'VE ALREADY ORDERED A SNORKLE THAT HAS A 90' BOOM ON IT THAT WOULD REACH THE TOP STORIES. THE ONE THING THAT WAS LACKING WAS REACHING UP. SO WE HAVE THE HIGHEST BOOM THAT IS MADE FOR FIRE ENGINES THAT WE KNOW OF. 2io n t o pas s upo n th e remova l o f an y buildin g withi n sai d district s a s se t forth i n sectio n si x an d th e erectio n o r displa y o f occupationa l o r othe r sign s a s se t fort h unde r sectio n seven . (b ) Th e Histori c Distric t Commission , i n passin g upo n appropriatenes s o f exterio r architectura l feature s i n an y case , shal l kee p i n min d th e purpose s se t fort h i n sectio n tw o an d shal l conside r amon g othe r thing s th e genera l design , arrangement , texture , materia l an d colo r o f th e buildin g o r structur e i n question , th e locatio n o n th e lo t an d th e relatio n o f suc h factor s t o simila r feature s o f building s an d structure s i n th e immediat e surrounding s an d th e positio n o f suc h buildin g o r structur e i n relatio n t o th e stree t o r publi c wa y an d t o othe r building s an d structures . (c ) Th e Histori c Distric t Commissio n shal l no t conside r detaile d designs , relativ e siz e o f building s i n plan , in terio r arrangemen t o r buildin g feature s no t subjec t t o publi c view . Th e commissio n shal l no t muli e an y recom mendation s o r requirement s excep t fo r th e purpos e o f preventin g development s obviousl y incongruou s t o th e his tori c aspect s o f th y surrounding s an d th e Histori c Nan tucke t District . (d ) I n cr.se . of.disapprova l th e commissio n shal l stat e it s reasons therefo r I n writin g ;m< l i t r.ia y mak e reooinmun duti'm s t o th e applican t w'tl i respec t t o appropriatenes s o f design , :iri'ar.^!_n;ent , textur e material, 1 colu r an d th e lik e o f th e buildin g o r structur e Involve d (e ) Upo n approva l o f th e plan s th e commissio n shal l caus e a certificat e o f appropriateness , date d an d signe d b y th e chairman , t o b e issue d t o th e applican t o r affixe d t o th e plans . (f ) I f th e commissio n shal l fail t o tak e filia l actio n i n an v cas e withi n sixt y day s afte r receip t o f an y applicatio n fu r a certificat e o f appropriatenes s o r a permi t fo r re moval , th e cas e shal l b e deeme d t o b e approve d excep t wher e mutua l agreemen t ha s bee n reache d fo r a n extensio n o f th e tim e limit . SECTIO N 10 . An y perso n wh o violate s an y o f th e provi sion s o f thi s ac t shal l b e guilt y o f a misdemeano r an d upo n convictio n thereo f shal l b e fine d no t lea s tha n te n dollar s no r mor e tha n fiv e hundre d dollars , whic h shal l b e forfeite d t o th e us e o f th e town . Eac h da y tha t a viola tio n continue s t o exis t shal l constitut e a a'epai-ai e uffeuse . SECTIO N 11 . Appeal s ma y b e tukui i l a th e boar d o f suiuet me n b y an y perso n aggrieve d !> y th e rulin g u f th e Histori c Distric t Commission . Th e !.->;u' d o f selectme n slv.i t 1 hoa r an d ac t upo n suc h appeal.: promptl y mi d th e decisio n o f COSGROVE: Two years ago there was a great concern over the sewage problem. Can the sewage facilities that we have now handle the new development or is it placing a burden upon it? MaCOY: YES. YOU SEE THE COLLECTION SYSTEM IS, RIGHT NOW, ADEQUATE—MORE THAN ADEQUATE. WE CAN TAKE FIVE TIMES THE SEWAGE THAT WE HAVE RIGHT NOW IN THE COLLECTING SYSTEM WE HAVE. THE PROBLEM IS WE'RE PICKING UP TOO MUCH GROUND WATER THROUGH GROUND INTRUSION. WHEN THEY BUILT THESE THINGS, UNFORTUNATELY, THERE'S A BIG SECTION OF THE CITY WHERE THEY DIDN'T PUT VERY GOOD JOINTS IN THE PIPE, AND WE'RE GETTING GROUND INTRUSION. WHAT WE'RE DOING IS PICKING UP GROUND WATER. WE'RE PUMPING, SOMETIMES WHEN IT'S A HEAVY RAIN OR HIGH TIDE, WE'RE PUMPING AS MUCH AS 11,000,000 GALLONS A DAY, WHERE NORMALLY IT WOULD BE 2-1/2 MILLION GALLONS A DAY. COSGROVE: This sewage eventually ends up in the ocean? MaCOY: CORRECT, AND I CAN TELL YOU SOMETHING. I'M RELUCTANT TO SAY THIS INTO TAPE. COSGROVE: like. I can turn if off it you would MaCOY: NO. NO, I SAID I WAS RELUCTANT TO. I THINK.THAT ANYTHING A PUBLIC OFFICIAL SAYS HE'S GOING TO HAVE TO MAKE IT A MATTER OF RECORD OR SHOULDN'T SAY IT AT ALL. WE WENT UP TO TALLAHASSEE AND EXPLAINED TO THE AIR AND WATER POLLUTION PEOPLE THAT THERE IS A LAW ON THE BOOKS THAT SAYS WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TO TREAT. HE DIDN'T SAY WHETHER YOU NEED IT OR NOT. HE JUST SAID YOU MUST TREAT. THERE WILL BE NO MORE OCEAN OUTFALLS. NOW THE WATERS OF THIS AREA ARE REALLY NITROGEN POOR. NOW, I HAVE VERY AMBIVALENT-FBELINGS ABOUT PUTTING Iff A TRSATMSNT PLANT AND POISONING ALL THE VASTE AND MATERIAL THAT GOES OUT THERE, BECAUSE IT'S MY OPINION, MY HUMBLE OPINION, THAT IT'S A COMPLIMENT TO THE AREA. WHAT WE'RE DOING IS TURNING NITROGEN BACK TO THE OCEAN WHERE IT BELONGS. THE HIGH SALINITY OP THE OCEAN ABSOLUTELY PRECLUDES A HEALTH PROBLEM. YOU CAN'T GET ANY BACTERIAL DISEASES IN THAT HIGH SALINITY AND HAVE IT SURVIVE. th e boar d shal l b e a s determine d b y a majorit y vot e o f th e member s o f th e board . SECTIO N 12 . An y perso n o r th e Histori c Distric t Com mission , aggrieve d b y a decisio n o f th e boar d o f selectmen , ma y appea l t o th e superio r cour t sittin g i n equit y fo r th e count y o f Nantucket ; provided , tha t suc h appea l i s file d i n sai d cour t withi n fiftee n day s afte r suc h decisio n i s recor ded . Th e cour t shal l hea r al l pertinen t evidenc e an d deter min e th e fact s and , upo n th e fact s s o determined , annu l suc h decisio n i f foun d t o excee d th e authorit y o f suc h board , o r mak e suc h othe r decre e a s justic e an d equit y ma y require , Th e foregoin g remed y shal l b e exclusive , bu t th e partie s shal l hav e al l right s o f appea l an d excep tio n a s i n othe r equit y cases . Cost s shal l no t b e allowe d agains t th e Histori c Distric t Commissio n o r th e boar d o f selectme n unles s i t shal l appea r t o th e cour t tha t th e commissio n o r th e boar d i n making th e decisio n appeale d fro m acte d wit h gros s negli gence , i n ba d fait h o r wit h malice . Cost s shal l no t b e allowe d agains t th e part y appealin g fro m th e decisio n o f th e il'Istoi-i c Distric t Co m missio n o r th e boar d u f selectme n unles s i t shal l appea r t o th e cour t tha t sai d appellan t o r appellant s acte d i n ba d tait h o r wit h malic e i n makin g th e appea l t o tli u court . SECTIO N 13 . Th e superio r cour t slul l hav e jurisdictio n i n equit y t o enforc e th e provision s o f thi s ac t an d th e ruling s issue d thereunde r an d ma y restrai n b v injunctio n violation s thereof . SECTIO N 14 . I n cas e an y section , paragrap h or . par t o f thi s ac t b e fo r an y reaso n declare d invali d o r hel d uncon stitutiona l b y an y cour t o f las t resort , ever y othe r sec tion , paragrap h o r par t shal l continue d i n ful l force an d effect . SECTIO N 15 . Thi s ac t shal l tak e effec t upo n itsaece]) tanc e b y th e voter s o f th e tow n o f Nantucke t a t a n annua l tow n meetin g o r an y meetin g dul y calle d fo r th e purpose . . Approve d Jun e 4 , 1970 .

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. ; sense relaxation b y Ji m Polidor a FIG . I . a , Serratu s raagnus. ft Deltoid . y. Biceps . i , Poupart' s ligament . e, Patella . T.P . Transpylori c plane . S.C . Subcosta l plane . I.T . Intertubercula r plane . FIG . 2 . /3 , Dimpl e ove r posterio r superio r spin e o f ilium , •y , Lowe r angl e o f scapula . S, Externa l hea d o f triceps . e. Depressio n ove r grea t tro chanter , f . Poplitea l space . i; , Gastrocnemius . Th e scal e betwee n th e figure s represent s head-lengths . I n th e las t decad e o r s o ther e ha s bee n a quie t bu t profoun d revolutio n i n psycholog y an d psychiatry . Th e dominan t tren d s o fa r ha s bee n Freudia n psycholog y wit h it s descendant s an d relatives , an d thes e discipline s hav e bee n heavil y grounde d i n th e dualit y o f ma n tha t ma n i s o f min d separat e fro m body . Thus , i n orde r t o hel p someon e wit h trouble d thoughts , a "min d doctor " woul d dea l onl y wit h th e min d becaus e that' s wher e thought s "were" . Psychoanalysis , founde d o n explorin g an d airing-ou t th e mind , relegatin g t o th e bod y merel y th e tas k o f bringin g th e min d int o th e offic e b y tw o o'cloc k -sharp . However , million s o f peopl e no w testif y t o th e limite d valu e o f mind-wor k alon e eve n afte r investin g hundred s o f couch-hours , thousand s o f dollar s an d grea t gob s o f menta l anguish . Th e recen t an d rapidl y growin g revo lutionar y viewpoin t i s monis t i n tha t th e tod y an d raind.are considere d t o b e one , tw o expression s o f th e sam e thing . Cal l d variou s name s b y variou s peopl e body oriente d psychology , bioenergeti c analy sis , mind/bod y work , structura l integra tio n t o nam e bu t a fe w al l o f thes e approache s rel y heavil y o n th e fac t tha t ou r bodil y stat e profoundl y influence s ou r menta l stat e an d vic e versa . W e ar e onl y no w beginnin g t o understan d ho w thi s mind/bod y relationshi p works . Whe n a n orga n o r tissu e doe s no t functio n i n it s norma l manner , i t tend s t o atroph y — tha t is , i t progressivel y deteriorates , decrease s i n siz e an d mass , decrease s i n functiona l capacity , an d i t usuall y become s extraordinaril y painfu l whe n norma l functionin g i s forcefull y resumed . Th e walkin g wounde d on e regu larl y see s afte r th e annua l spas m o f pic ni c sport s illustrat e th e applicabilit y o f thi s principl e t o th e movin g machin er y o f th e body . Whe n you r muscle s an d thei r associate d connectiv e tissue s (fascia , tendon s an d ligaments ) ar e no t routinel y stretche d an d contracte d a s the y wer e evolve d t o function , the y los e thei r tone , elasticit y an d mass , becom e weake r wit h les s endurance , an d the y hur t durin g an d especiall y afte r full rang e movements . I n suc h a-conditio n yo u ten d t o stretc h eve n les s beeaus' e "i t hurts " an d th e muscula r system thereb y become s progressivel y mor e at rophie d a s th e day s o r month s o r year s o f immobilit y exac t thei r toll . Th e tighte r you r bod y is , th e tighte r i t be come s . Th e endpoin t o f thi s proces s i s a pre maturel y contracte d an d eventuall y shriv ele d body . I t i s eas y t o confir m tha t a hug e segmen t o f ou r populatio n i s wel l alon g thi s proces s o f becomin g shrivele d people . Watc h peopl e move : Observ e thei r rang e o f movemen t whil e walking , sitting , standing , talking . Observ e ho w muc h o r ho w littl e thei r arm s an d leg s an d hip s an d shoulder s mov e whe n the y walk . Observ e th e wa y man y dancer s an d blac k peopl e mov e i f yo u wan t t o se e ho w a n un • immobilize d bod y moves , a naturall y mov in g body . Man y peopl e ar e reduce d t o hobblin g an d shufflin g simpl y becaus e the y hav e no t an d wil l not " stretc h thei r bodie s unles s absolutel y force d t o b y a threatenin g docto r o r b y obviou s Infirm it y an d pain . Grante d ther e ar e formidabl e force s whic h kee p u s fro m deliberatel y an d rou tinel y stretchin g ou r bodies . Foremos t amon g thes e i s ou r mind , Th e absolute . rui e 0 1 in e nun a ove r m e uou y extend s eve n t o natura l stretchin g tend encies . Hav e yo u watche d a chil d o r an ; anima l languidl y stretc h afte r eve n a brie f rest . Doe s you r min d ofte n le t you r bod y stretc h a s i t want s t o afte r a perio d o f immobility ? "Sto p stretching" , th e min d commands , an d a s usual-th e bod y obeys . Th e min d rule s whil e th e bod y , . rot s . •;;••'••-•:. ' Ther e i s als o i n thi s cultur e a stron g socia l stigm a agains t stretchin g one s bod y beyon d a ver y narrow , "sociall y accepted " rang e o f movements . Whil e growin g u p we . ar e someho w brain-washe d int o believin g that natural , graceful , fre e bod y movement s ar e "no t nice" , pro vocative , mayb e eve n dirty . Al l thes e factors , whe n adde d t o ou r genera l avoid anc e o f al l bodil y sensations , hel p shrin k th e siz e an d mas s o f th e body , severel y restric t it s rang e o f movemen t an d henc e it s expressiveness , an d es calat e th e qualit y o f ou r kinestheti c feedbac k fro m al l bu t th e smalles t move ment s int o th e real m o f "pain" . Bu t I d o no t want t o dwel l her e o n th e physica l consequence s o f th e shrivelin g process ; tha t i s anothe r story . Rathe r I wan t t o emphasiz e th e viciou s cycl e o f effect s betwee n bod y an d mind . I n gen eral , th e min d adopt s th e attitude s an d mood s expresse d b y th e body , an d th e bod y i n tur n acquire s a postur e an d gai t rep resentativ e o f th e mind' s state . Worry in g an d othe r incessan t neuroti c though t pattern s ten d t o produc e chroni c muscl e contractions , an d henc e a rigidl y hel d body . A shrivele d bod y tend s t o hous e a shrivele d mind . Wester n theorist s o f th e monis t school Reich , Lowen , Perls , Rolf , Ston e t o nam e a fe w poin t ou t tha t mos t peopl e wh o see k hel p i n "lettin g go " als o hav e tight , con stricte d bodies . T o hel p thes e peopl e lear n ho w t o sto p "holdin g back" , thes e body-oriente d theorist s sugges t stretchin g out ' th e bod y an d helpin g i t retur n t o it s natura l looseness . T o disrup t th e self perpetuatin g viciou s cycl e o f tensio n i n mind/body , i t i s ofte n easie r an d n ir e ef fectiv e t o begi n o n th e bod y tha n o n th e min d becaus e throug h th e year s th e min d become s mor e deepl y entangle d i n it s mes h o f thoughts . Loosenin g th e bod y someho w free s th e min d fro m a t leas t on e mai n reservoi r o f tension , an d althoug h w e don' t ye t understan d ho w thi s come s about , w e d o kno w tha t peopl e i n othe r cultures , espec iall y i n th e Orient , hav e bee n doin g i t fo r centuries . Th e moder n monis t viewpoint s ten d t o agre e wit h an d draw , fro m man y branche s o f Easter n philosophy , "cienc e an d medicin e whic h hav e lon g prescribe d bod y stretchin g t o facilitat e freedo m o f mind/body . T o maintai n a health y body , an d thereb y th e potentialit y fo r a health y mind , variou s •form s o f yog a emphasiz e wor k o n breathin g an d stretching . Ta i Ch i Chua n emphasize s a specifi c serie s o f dynami c bodil y move ments. . Althoug h thes e an d othe r ancien t discipline s ostensibl y differ , I se e the m all , togethe r wit h th e moder n "body " tech niques , a s relyin g heavil y upo n breathin g an d stretchin g t o loose n th e body , cal m th e min d an d thereb y regai n th e mind/bod y unit y w e al l ha d a s children . Peopl e i n Ke y Wes t no w hav e a n oppor tunit y t o experientlall y lear n mor e abou t th e man y .field s o f "Body-oriente d Psychol og y Bu t conventiona l "classes " ar e o f littl e valu e whe n studyin g thi s material . Mos t peopl e gai n onl y a bi t o f "hea d knowledge " whe n the y hea r lecture s o r rea d abou t thes e subjects . I n mind/bod y work , experientia l learnin g learnin g b y doing is * fa r mor e effectiv e tha n cognitivel y learnin g wit h th e min d alone . Or , a s a n ancien t Chines e prover b says," I hea r an d I forget ; I se e an d I remember ; I d o an d I understand" . I n thes e classe s yo u ca n lear n b y do in g a blen d o f simple , non-strenuou s ex ercize s draw n fro m Hath a Yoga , Kundalin i Yoga , variou s breathin g techniques , bio energetics , stretchin g posture s fo r tigh t a s wel l a s loos e bodies , Ta i Ch i Chuan , an d chanting . Als o yo u ca n explor e int o you r inne r sel f wit h guide d fantas y an d procedure s use d i n psychosynthesi s an d Gestal t therapy . Emphasi s i n th e clas s wil l b e o n learnin g t o b e mor e awar e o f you r body , t o b e abl e t o rela x it s ten sion s an d slee p mor e restfully , an d t o b e a mor e centered , peacefu l person . Everyon e i s welcome . Wea r non restrictiv e clothin g (lik e a swi m sui t o r tights) ; b e sur e t o brin g a sleepin g ba g o r blanke t t o protec t yo u fro m th e har d floor , an d don' t ea t muc h afte r 5 o r so . Th e two-hou r meeting s ar e ever y Tuesda y an d Thursda y evening s fro m 7 t o 9 i n th e cafeteri a o f Ke y Wes t Hig h Schoo l (wher e cooperatio n an d Communit y Schoo l program s mak e thes e classe s possible . Again , everyon e i s welcome . I hop e t o se e yo u wheneve r yo u wan t t o come.. . 3 C C o * 5 < a a a ; t o o E too n + i <*, C . « 1 3 0 + » + i . S > O C S « p J S , O S 3 B t! ) 5)1 3 ft, S S , Q O Q + 1 S , ,J 8 -focn d i n rn q ~ H ~t o b e oaho F Ti d because1 ^>^ s i n f t m e GoI o n o /de.o l uoor+P i .Oojr U&stii&Q splendor urso n 1 o hol d u s a p o f car ^oo\ "t o k&e P oo r balance , am m o fife wa s p d hoail o fce> S o earl a an d ii \ e shore . o n horQr o a b love r o f be e on a.\Afeste m ) : • ••--•••• h :%;•••,:?•.'"•*-:=••:-rf r •' . . • " ' • " ' • ! ''.'< • ." . .7,::'>.• . • "• • • • ' ••. " T /•.."" ' j '• ' ' : -? • «*• ' ' I , 1 Wit.

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Livin g Word s an d drawin g b y Malcom b Ros s A shor t distanc e afte r turnin g at Por pois e Poin t ont o th e Ol d Boc a Chic a Road — it s quie t beaut y violate d b y a bristlin g missil e site , th e wreck s o f car s an d pile s o f trash , it s bone s no w bleache d whit e wher e th e bulldoze r ha s passed—th e sen sitiv e eye " ti e come s awar e o f a curiou s con structio n o n stilt s know n a s Steve' s Bai t Camp . Thi s cam p ha s bee n a fascinatio n t o thi s write r fo r man y year s (a t leas t th e si x tha t I hav e live d i n th e Keys) . Sinc e I a m i n n o sens e o f th e wor d a fisherman , I hav e neve r ha d reason—othe r tha n m y ow n curiosity--t o stop . Fortun ately , editoria l reques t permitte d m e t o satisf y thi s ol d curiosit y an d allowe d m e t o discove r wha t sor t o f creatur e make s thi s fascinatin g plac e it s home . Certainl y th e buildin g conform s t o n o contemporar y standard s o f architec tura l beauty , bu t beautifu l i t i s a s a Victoria n craz y quil t I s beautifu l i n it s uniquenes s an d complexit y — a montag e o f variou s bit s o f flotsa m an d mor e res pectabl e timber s — sor t o f lik e th e con glomeration s o f shell s an d pebble s whic h certai n marin e animal s carr y abou t o n thei r backs . On e migh t wel l ter m th e buildin g a monumen t t o th e scavengers 1 art . .(Columnis t Pa t Park s describe s th e cam p a s simila r t o a constructio n o f childre n wh o salvag e woo d fro m buildin g sites , bu t I fee l thi s belie s th e basi c intelligenc e necessar y fo r suc h a struc ture . N o chil d woul d hav e th e patienc e o r sophisticatio n t o mak e suc h a thin g wor k s o successfully. ) Th e buildin g migh t mor e appropri atel y b e approache d a s a piec e o f fol k ar t ever y bi t a s intricat e an d hones t a s th e Cuba n refuge e boa t i n th e Martel l o Museu m an d o n a pa r wit h suc h classi c assemblage s a s th e Watt s Tower s i n Lo s Angele s an d th e no w vandalize d hom e o f a reclus e artis t (whos e nam e escape s me ) i n Woodstock , Ne w York . I t unfortunatel y seem s t o b e th e fat e o f suc h statement s o f individualis m tha t "progress " schedule s the m fo r demolitio n du e t o thei r bein g "unsafe" , "unsani tary" , o r "unsomething-or-other" , o r i n th e cas e o f th e marvelou s Woodstoc k constructio n (whic h fortunatel y wa s pre serve d o n fil m footage ) tha t the y suffe r a t th e vandal' s han d befor e th e worl d recognize s thei r tru e artisti c value . Fortunately , th e Watt s Tower s ar e no w "protected" , bu t thi s wa s no t accom^ pllshe d withou t a fight . Steve' s Bai t Cam p mus t als o b e terme d "organic " a s i t ha s grow n piec e b y piec e throug h it s forty-yea r histor y wit h it s growt h a s eviden t a s th e ring s o n a tree . T o th e onlooke r th e bai t cam p read s lik e '"a"hist'ory"of*"twentiet h centur y America n civilizatio n fro m th e ubiquitou s Cok e sign s t o th e weathere d ol d sig n whic h wa s th e origina l marke r fo r th e Boc a Chic a Beac h Road , whic h moder n usag e ha s con verte d int o "Ol d Boc a Chic a Road" . Ther e i s som e speculatio n a s t o th e origi n o f thi s name . I t ma y refe r t o th e smal l stretche s o f beac h an d dune s o n thi s road , outpos t o f th e disappearin g se a oat , o r i t ma y pertai n t o th e fin e whit e san d beac h a t th e en d o f Boc a Chic a Key — apparentl y on e of t;li f fines t beache s i n th e Key s an d on e abou t whic h long-tim e resident s spea k fondly . I t is , o f course , n o longe r accessibl e t o th e publi c du e t o militar y presenc e i n tha t area . "The solare s hil l 1 1 kestrel Thurlo w Wee d Ke y Wes t Naturalists ' Societ y Ther e i s a n effor t i n thi s countr y t o de-populariz e "Sparro w Hawk " a s th e commo n nam e fo r wha t i s i n t'nglan d know n a s th e Kestre l falc o sparverius . Threaso n i s tha t i n th e mind s o f man y th e wor d "hawk " conjure s u p vision s o f evil , depredation , an d genera l fear . Bu t thi s i s grossl y unfai r t o Nort h A nerica' s sma n raloon , fo r it s die t i s "Kinetic " i s anothe r adjectiv e whic h woul d appl y t o b l .\? l-ai t cam p a s i t be cam e eviden t t o thi s observe r tha t cer tai n thing s abou t th e buildin g see m t o move," . Th e buildin g appear s t o b e alive . No t onl y doe s th e su n i n it s orbi t af fec t shadow s an d caus e a rapi d chang e o f patter n amon g th e man y facet s o f th e building , but part s o f i t actuall y appea r t o mov e befor e th e eye s o f th e spectator . Changin g tide s an d current s abou t th e piling s mak e tau t o r slacke n rope s an d lines . Floatin g object s an d patche s o f driftin g seawee d adjus t an d re-adjus t themselves . Ne w bit s o f flotsa m com e int o view . Somethin g unsee n lower s a lin e her e o r raise s somethin g there . Actually , th e buildin g Ijs _ alive , bu t wit h th e intelligenc e o f an y properl y functionin g organism . Th e sourc e o f som e o f thi s kineti c energ y i s o f cours e It s inhabitants , warm , friendl y humans , Bar bar a an d Bil l Gilmore , an d seven-yea r ol d Germa n Shepher d Kriege r o r "war rior " i n German . H e i s no t th e onl y warrior . Th e Gilmore s ar e fightin g a battl e agains t progres s i n it s worst , pollute d an d Impersona l sense . The y hav e stron g conviction s abou t ecolog y an d en vironmenta l protection: . Th e Gilmore s liv e a life—tota-1-ly—in—aeeor d wit h thei r environment . The y d o no t exploi t thei r surroundings ; the y d o no t pollute . The y hav e mad e n o significan t change s i n th e natura l environment . N o doub t th e sam e bureaucrac y tha t recentl y accuse d othe r stil t hous e dweller s i n thi s are a o f polluting , an d presse d fo r thei r des tructio n woul d no t agre e wit h thi s ar gument . But , th e argumen t stand s fo r itsel f a s th e fort y acre s o f quie t wate r an d shiftin g tide s I s a n importan t breedin g groun d fo r shrim p an d crawfish . Th e larg e numbe r o f juvenile s caugh t i n net s i n th e are a convince d th e Gilmore s t o giv e u p thei r shrimpin g fo r fea r o f upsettin g th e balanc e o f nature . Thi s respec t fo r th e anima l an d natura l worl d extend s beyon d thi s gesture . Injure d gulls , a gra y fo x (strangel y no t indigenou s t o th e Keys) , red-winge d blackbird s an d on e ver y demandin g pelica n ar e onl y a fe w o f th e recipient s o f th e Gilmores ' kindness . Th e Gilmore s fee l tha t th e problem s o f today' s worl d d o no t cente r aroun d hai r lengt h an d appearances , "ou t Kriege r appear s t o hav e a re d nec k a s wel l a s a n Itch y backside . A story , whic h Barbar a relates , tell s ho w Krieger , who , i n orde r t c len d hi s super-nos e t o loca l polic e fo r sniffin g ou t marijuana , underwen t a record-breakin g one-wee k trainin g perio d (tw o week s i s standard) , suddenl y attacke d a youn g ma n wh o entere d th e bai t camp , rippin g ope n hi s jacke t an d spillin g ou t o f coupl e lid s o f grass . Whil e Barbar a stoo d b y i n a stat e o f shoc k th e visito r scoope d u p hi s good s an d bea t a hast y re treat . Barbar a i s stil l unsur e a s t o th e youn g man' s intent , bu t perhap s Kriege r ha d sense d a n impendin g danger . Althoug h t o some , Steve' s Bai t Cam p wit h it s sensitiv e driftwoo d painting s b y Barbara' s daughte r (sh e seem s t o exce l i n he r depiction s o f Key s wil d life ) an d it s accoutrement s fo r th e fashionabl e fisherma n migh t b e terme d "plain " o r "ugly " o r at'bes t invisible , becaus e o f it s weathere d stat e fro m a forty-yea r lov e affai r wit h th e win d an d th e rai n (Doe s anyon e us e th e word s "rustic " o r "quaint " anymore?) , i t coul d wel l b e terme d "heavy " i n th e moder n vernacula r Ther e i s som e "heavy " livin g goin g o n there , heav y thoughts , heav y ideas . Th e slogan , "VOIC E O F TH E MAJORIT Y I S N O PROO F O F JUSTICE " whic h i s painte d I n fadin g letter s acros s th e fron t o f th e doc k migh t wel l spea k Barbar a an d Bill' s philosoph y an d giv e hop e t o thos e o f u s wh o flounde r I n thi s maddening-moder n world . • • • •'••. • •• ' : -" ••'• • •'"• • • ' " ••'••• • mostl y Insect s (grasshopper s an d th e like) , plu s a fe w mic e an d lizards . Occasionall y i t doe s tak e a smal l bird , bu t suc h irreg ularitie s ar e s o infrequen t a s t o b e in significant . Instea d o f bein g som e sor t o f nuisance , th e Kestre l I s th e mos t benefi cia l o f al l falcon s t o man . "Windhover " woul d b e anothe r goo d al ternat e commo n name , fo r i t ofte n i s see n hoverin g almos t motionles s ove r lot s ar d fields , wing s pumping , scannin g th e terrai n belo w fo r grasshoppers , muc h th e wa y King fisher s an d Osprey s hove r whil e spottin g fish . • Thei r cal l usuall y represente d a s a rapi d "killy-killy-killy " i s lou d an d sharp , an d I s a ver y familia r winte r soun d aroun d Ke y West . .i' S V. . Th e Kestre l i s mos t ofte n see n perchin g ou t I n th e ope n o n dea d branches , tele phon e poles , utilit y "wires , an d th e likft . An y rathe r oper ; are a i s a goo d plac e t o watch , bu t th e cal l i s ofte n hear d righ t downtown . I t i s a fairl y smal l bir d S t o 1 2 in che s long , includin g th e tall . Rathe r lik e a stock y mockingbird . Th e mos t ob viou s fiel d mar k I s th e colo r patter n o f th e hea d a basicall y ligh t hea d wit h a dar k ca p an d tw o dramati c vertica l blac k stripe:; , on e o f the m throug h th e eye . Th e tai l J S reddish , an d th e mal e ha s a le t o f blu e o n th e wings . Th e Kestre l deposit s it s 4 o r 5 egg s i n nook s an d crannies , withou t buildin g a nest . Suc h place s a s abandone d woodpecke r ft !l.eji..ancL_.Qiher._c.aYi.tis s in_tz i «es.,..-hal.>-:s i n rocks , od d angle s i n outbuildings , o r eve n artificia l nestin g boxes . Winte r i s th e bes t tim e i n Sout h Flor id a t o ese e th e Kestre l an d i t I s a n easily-recognise d bir d onc e yo u hav e see n a few . The n th e residen t populatio n i s greatl y strengthene d an d eve n outnumbere d b y th e one s whic h arriv e fro m th e nort h fo r th e winter , an d ther e i s suc h a n In sisten t "killy-killy-killy " abou t es peciall y a s th e ne w arrival s jocke y fo r territor y tha t on e ca n scarcel y escap e noticin g th e bird . Cal l thi s falco n a Sparro w Haw k if , yo u will-, ' ..bu t Kestre l nay b e mor e polite . •-. • ' No w an d again , alon g come s a ma n wh o i s somethin g mor e tha n ordinary . Loui s Welter s i s suc h a man . Whe n h e wa s a ver y youn g boy , h e de clare d tha t i f h e eve r wer e t o gro w t o b e a ma n he' d bu y a piec e o f propert y i n th e Key s an d buil d a grea t bi g hous e an d bu y a movi e pictur e machine . He' s go t th e movi e pictur e machin e an d th e bi g hous e now , bu t man y me n hav e that , an d that' s no t s o unordinary. , Bu t whe n on e see s th e hous e thi s ma n ha s built , the n WOW , yo u kno w you'r e dealing , wit h a n unusua l guy . Loui s own s abou t a n acr e o n Rocklan d Ke y whic h h e bough t i n 1961 . Hi s hous e sit s i n th e middi e o f hi s sprea d whic h include s severa l building s othe r tha n th e house , an d a grea t variet y o f ani mal s . Som e o f th e animal s are : ducks , chickens , pigeons , on e 60 0 lb . pi g an d som e piglets , a goa t name d Nanc y , a pon y name d Silver , an d a grou p o f dog s name d Red , Popsie , Girl , Ann , Bootsie , an d Peachie . Th e appearanc e o f the 1 hous e I s de captive . I t seem s t o l r a one-stor y ramblin g affai r no t uncommo n o n th e Key s bu t thi s hous e goe s o n an d o n an d on . Th e dimension s o f th e hous e ar e 100 ' 'lon g b y 42 ' wide . That' s a lo t o f house ! An d Loui s an d hi s children , Rosemar y Welter s Lastres , Pete r Welters , Ton y Welter s an d Clinto n Welter s al l helpe d buil d it . It' s a lo t o f lumber , an d Loui s go t th e lumbe r b y takin g dow n building s i n Ke y Wes t an d drivin g al l th e lumbe r ou t t o Rocklan d Ke y i n a Packar d straight8 whic h h e converte d int o a truck . Seve n dwelling s wen t int o creatin g th e Welters ' hom e o n Rocklan d Key . The y include d St . Josep h Hal l a t Angel a an d Thomas , th e Mar y Seabrook s hous e o n Whitehea d nea r th e Esquinald o la w of fice , a hous e fro m th e 70 0 bloc k o f Olivia , a hous e o n Low e Lane , a hous e fro m Grinnel l tha t belonge d t o a chiefta n o f th e K.K.K. , (Loui s foun d ol d shee t costume s amon g th e tras h I n th e house , whic h h e late r burned) , a hous e fro m th e alle y o f Emm a Stree t an d Dougla s tha t use d t o belon g t o a fish erma n name d Perkins , an d a smal l hous e fro m wha t wa s know n a s Ell a Borot a Lan e betwee n Olivi a an d Petroni a Streets . Th e fron t par t o f th e hous e i s buil t lik e a bar . Loui s says , "Remembe r th e Bi g Appl e Ba r o n Virgini a an d How e Streets ? I owne d i t i n 193 1 an d tourist s use d t o com e t o i t afte r Slopp y Joe s an d th e (Garde n of . Rose s closed . I n th e futur e I'l l reope n a ba r her e calle d th e Bi g Apple. " Enterin g th e hous e fro m th e ba r th e grea t lengt h o f th e hous e I s immediatel y apparent , an d onc e inside , th e widt h o f th e hous e become s apparen t a s yo u g o Int o room s tha t lea d int o room s tha t lea d int o rooms . Al l told , th e hous e ha s fiftee n room s an d tw o bathrooms . Th e hous e i s comfortably , originally , an d extensivel y Bac k i n th e Thirties , Loui s wa s vis ite d b y a woma n name d Mrs . Cader a th e firs t woma n t o wea r short s i n Ke y Wes t Loui s say s wh o ha d hear d o f hi s painting s an d wante d t o se e them . Sh e like d wha t sh e sa w an d aske d hi m t o wor k fo r her . Sh e ha d a souveni r an d antiqu e stor e wher e Bi g Mama' s Loung e i s now . Thi s sam e sens e o f colo r tha t at tracte d Mrs . Cader a t o Loui s i s eviden t throughou t th e house . " I la y dow n an d thin k abou t th e col our s an d ge t th e ide a an d g o an d bu y th e paints. " Th e color s ar e rich , dee p pur ples , greens , orange s an d someho w al l thes e vibran t "stone " tone s flo w smooth l y fro m on e roo m t o th e other. Loui s wa s wel l know n t o th e Rocklan d Ke y commun e o f a fe w year s ap;o . Thoug h o f a differen t generatio n (h r wa s bor n i n Ke y Wes t i n 1906) , h e ha d a ver y easy goin g an d pleasan t relationshi p wit h them . The y calle d hi m th e Mayo r o f Rocklan d Ke y an d everyon e reall y hi t '•* of f beautifully . Member s o f Louis' s famil y liv e wit h hi m no w an d they'l l probabl y help , hi m til e th e livin g an d dining : roo m floor s next . It' s reall y quit e a house , an d Loui s i s reall y quit e a guy ! Man an DISTINCTIV E GIFT S FRO M SOUT H AN D NORT H AMERIC A ALPACA , SILK , LEATHER , WOO L COPPER , BRAS S AN D WOO D ESKIM O SOAPSTON E SCULPTUR E HANDCRAFTE D STERLIN G JEWELR Y 43 0 Green e Stree t SWIFT' S Camer a an d Stere o 42 3 Duva l St . Ph . 296-857 6 W e servic e wha t w e sel l WOVl Super news. A lovely vegetarian restaurant run by lovely' people and featuring honest prices is open now. Go at once to the Hare Krishna Rainbow Cafe at the corner of Franaie and Southard Streets (open from 10 A.M. to 8 P.M. closed Sunday) .

PAGE 7

20 8 DUVA L STREE T SUPER B CIGAR S 3 PIRATE S ALLEY ! 7 . ^ ^BOOKSHO P fit We'r e loade d wit h book s bi g books , littl e books , beautifu l books . 53 4 Fleming ' Stree t 296-908 9 COMMO N SENS E V b y Gi l Ryde r Bill Bettle says that it sure is funny to have the shirt law enforced against men on Duval Street which is the "Topless" dancers headquarters. Movi e makin g i n Ke y Wes t i s evidentl y th e "in " thin g no w and , o f course , n o on e mus t criticiz e thi s sacrosanc t endeavor . W e shoul d kee p i n mind , though , tha t the . street s an d sidewalk s belon g t o th e peo pl e an d no t t o th e movi e companies . Willia m Street , fro m Flemin g t o Southard , wa s blocke d of f fo r severa l day s wit h woode n barrier s i n th e roadwa y an d cit y policeme n o n guard , obviousl y t o preven t th e publi c fro m havin g acces s t o thei r ow n property . Christma s light s wer e take n dow n o n Duva l Stree t a t th e heigh t o f th e Christma s shoppin g seaso n becaus e the y i n som e wa y interfere d wit h th e movi e company . Perhap s th e cit y governmen t shoul d re arrang e thei r prioritie s an d recogniz e th e fac t tha t th e citizen s o f Ke y Wes t ar e thei r employer s an d no t thei r flunk ies . A t a tim e o f manpowe r shortag e i n th e polic e department , an d whe n man y citizen s ar e afrai d t o wal k i n th e street s becaus e o f crimina l activities , i t seem s strang e indee d tha t th e cit y ca n spar e policeme n t o d o guar d dut y fo r th e movi e company . Th e primar y purpos e o f a polic e de partmen t anywher e i s t o protec t al l thos e i n th e are a fro m th e crimina l elements . I t i s no t fai r t o th e policema n no r t o th e citizen s wh o pa y hi s salar y t o hav e th e policema n use d t o assur e specia l privi lege s fo r on e group , whe n thi s s o obvi ousl y deprive s anothe r o f thei r funda menta l righ t t o us e th e publi c street . Whethe r th e citize n need s t o us e th e stree t o r no t i s irrelevan t an d immater ial . Sinc e th e citize n own s th e street , W'fias 1 a'^IW^^ ^ fo r whic h i t wa s intended , an d th e citi zen' s right s i n thi s matte r shoul d onl y b e abrogate d i n cas e o f dir e emergenc y suc h a s fir e i n th e area , powe r line s down , o r othe r matter s tha t constitut e a definit e hazard . Th e citize n shoul d certainl y no t b e kep t fro m th e rightfu l us e o f a publi c stree t simpl y t o enabl e a privat e industr y t o conduc t it s bus ines s there . I s i t tru e tha t freedo m i s jus t fo r th e ric h an d powerfu l an d th e corporation s an d tha t freedo m n o longe r exist s fo r th e averag e citizen ? Let' s ge t th e hors e bac k i n fron t o f th e car t agai n an d rec ogniz e Mr . an d Mrs . Averag e Citizen , wh o pa y fo r everything , as-th e boss . Ou r forebear s thre w of f th e shackle s o f a domineerin g kin g fo r tha t purpose . Let' s kee p I t th e America n Way. , ———»—.—»M -—»>-^^— ^ marc h 197 3 Her e i n Ke y West , today , w e hav e to o muc h ba d behavio r an d th e tendenc y her e an d no w i s t o blam e al l ou r trouble s o n th e peopl e wit h lon g hair , beards , an d unusua l raiment . W e refe r t o al l o f them , goo d an d ba d alike , a s "Hippies" , an d th e battl e cr y i s "Ge t ri d o f th e Hippies" . Fe w see m t o realis e tha t i f ever y "Hip pie " lef t tow n tomorrow , th e muggings , rapes , break-ins , ca r thefts , etc. , woul d stil l continu e a t th e sam e ol d rate . Perhaps , Instea d o f screamin g abou t "Hip pies" , w e woul d b e bette r occupie d i n demandin g tha t ou r laws , codes , etc . b e re-writte n i n suc h a manne r tha t th e averag e perso n woul d fin d the m completel y comprehensible . Perhaps , also , ou r po liceme n shoul d b e bette r paid , an d ther e shoul d b e mor e o f the m especiall y o n foo t patrol . D o w e hav e adequat e "multipl e hou sing " laws , an d i f so , ar e the y enforced ? Adequat e housin g an d sanitar y laws , strictl y enforced , woul d d o a lo t mor e t o clea n u p a ba d situatio n tha n har rassin g o f peopl e wh o loo k different . I f w e woul d eac h b e jus t a littl e mor e considerat e o f th e othe r fellow , the n w e wil l eac h hav e mad e a n Impor tan t contributio n t o ou r environment . Som e tim e bac k ther e wa s som e tal k concernin g a ferr y servic e betwee n Ke y Wes t an d a n islan d jus t of f th e Yucata n Peninsula . Seem s tha t we'r e goin g t o ge t a Miami-Yucata n servic e o f som e kind , wit h a Ke y Wes t sto p o n th e retur n t o Miami , Instead . It' s har d t o believ e tha t man y tour ist s ar e goin g t o b e intereste d i n driv in g throug h th e Miam i are a t o embar k a t Ke y West , sai l bac k t o Miam i i n orde r t o ge t t o Yucatan . Unles s ther e ar e a lo t o f Mexica n tourist s wh o particularl y wan t t o sto p a t Ke y West , i t woul d see m logica l t o expec t tha t th e Ke y Wes t sto p wil l b e eliminate d fo r economi c reasons . (Th e shi p owner' s economy , tha t is , no t ours'. ) Mayb e thi s yea r th e governmen t wil l decid e tha t Cuba n Communist s ar e n o bet te r o r wors e tha n thei r Chines e o r Rus sia n brothers , an d w e ca n onc e agai n en jo y th e benefit s o f a Ke y Wes t Havan a ferry . •Tha t woul d pu t a lot,o f hl-jacker s ou t o f business , wouldn' t it ? •• " ••"•*-; . FABRI C WORL D 4161 3 SIMONTO N S i TEL.294-1773/KE Y WEST,FLA . Lou' s A T DVVAL& Th e Gatewa y T o Ol d Tow n