UNITED STATE S EEP. -RT TEEI"i T OF AGRICLITUEE bureau of Entomology and Plant Q aar2mtine Washington, D. C.
B. E. P. Q,.--469
(Sui)ersud-ing P. -. C. A.--289' Fubruary 5, lc '38
0 F I 1 1: IE
KIITGDCIV, OF ITA-TY
Bureau of Entomology and Plent Quarantine Washington, D. C.
B Ed. P. Q.--469 February 5, 1938.
Suiperse di'ng P. Q,. C. A--289)
PL~T-~~R~'T P2L.PORT T~2I00h
C? F 2H
.ILTGOL OF IT.L--'Y
TIhis revised digest of the p.ant-quarantine i.xi-ort
restictonsof he in~ornof Itpiv7 was rendered necessary by the abrogatibn of older legisla tion and! its supersession by 1a.ore recent enactments. It was prepared for the inforim-etion of nurserymen, plant-quarantine officials, L)nd others interested in the exportation of plants and plant products to that country, by Harry B. Shaw, Plant quarantine Inspnetor in Chargec, Foreig-Dn Information Service, Division of Foreign Plant (Zuarantines, from the original tex-.ts of the various Italian laws a-nd decrees concerned, and
reviued y tc Ita-"lian 1vinistry of Agriculture and Forestry.
Tho information contained in th-is circahr is believed to be correct ujp to the3 time of -"reparation, but it is not intended to be used independentlY of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts, fand it is not to be interpreted as legally-, authoritative. The s-id law,,s and dcrees should be consulted for thje 5- ct 't Xts.
S T 1
Chicf, Bur-au of Entomolog,-; ?and Pla~ieuarpantino.
UNITED STATES DEPARTiMENT OF AGI CULTURE
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Washington, D. C.
PLANT-QUAPANTINE IivPORT RESTRICTIONS
KINGDOM OF ITALY
Law No. 9,7 of June 18, 1931, as amended by Decree-Law No. 913, June 23, 1932 and Decree-Law No. 1530 of June 12, 1936. International Phylloxera Convention of Berne, November 3, 1881, and
provisions adopted by the Italian Government
Powers under Law No. 987 of June 18, 1931
Article 8. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Ministero delltAgricoltura e delle foreste), with the advice of the Ministry of Corporations (Ministero delle corporazioni), can by decree:
(a) Suspend the importation into, -nd transit through,
the Kingdom of plants, parts of plants, and seeds
found to be infected.
(b) Establish frontier stations and ports through which
the importation and transit of plnts, parts of
plants, and plant products may tcke place.
(c) Promulgate rules end regulations to be observed for
the importation of the products referred to in the
Art. 9. Delegates of the ivinistry of Agriculture and Forestry assigned for supervisory service at frontier stations and ports, according to the rules promulgated by the said Mkinistry, have the following functions:
(a) To impose the disinfection or destruction of plants,
parts of plants, and seeds regarded as infected, as well as of materials, packing, containers, and such
other articles as may serve as vehicles of infection.
(b) I o oro'iibit tho ir.tr -,duction J nto rhe --,nd tr,-.nsit
k *", -o-c'---.11 it, o ) Entu- I-A.d se--ds fo-uLd Inf,3st, d --,r _oe-.ring
of L'-,v 17o. 9(_ 7 of jun, 16,
pro.mlErto under Decfce-,.aw No. 1_3 of June 2,3, ,.nd Law 1.o. 1933 of 7'ece-.,ioer 22, 1, 32.
I:::.)or!--ti,7n ,r-.d lr 7i_21't P, ohibit,_-d from L11 Cc-, _nt,_-ies i- L,, J; D S I 1, 71 r f 1 ,7a
Cur- _da'us cc,:,mu is L.). (Dec-e- rch
3. i 1, LL A P I S (,,:U,,, L (I)ecree (--)f 3, 1"?, art. 8
0,1-7S G iinista-ial Order of Dece,,fter
7 6 2", !'23
C I T RU IS i .UI _-S ',nd thereof including el. (Decre;z of ',,-arch
31 '1-",,1,7, -,-t. 8 (d), p. (Sde items 3 and 4 of D, rog! .tinns 'ErCL,
the _--o of 3, 1'.27, for 3xc:,,,ptions;
anO -jv- ;s of _Ian- s, t'-e ;-enero i,.bik.:s, ice
Ls and inist':rial Order of Dcck. .foer "0,
E, 1 I'A:7 S f OXC a.ot r 2 '_O 4
rt t'ier, o nistcrial
of 29, 1933, p.12.)
C)I IVE; HUS.KS ((-,l e xo3e. ,. L.)for th oxv -c 11 -j -Ir. -uion of oJ'
L';_ LE Zi 40 ru s 'Intern,,7 t*-Lcnal P?-yI1oxer._,. Convention
of or 16,31.)
_Tj T L -o sh. (Pocr,,e of T.-arch 3, 1 )27 (j)
J'jj. '- IILE 1,7 _-17S I:!T sn'iyus Schult.). (Decree of .111arch 3,
19 2 7 r t 8 7,
POTATOES (Solanum tuborosum L.), including tubers and green parts;
TOATOES (L:coersicum esculentum Mill.) and other Solanacea,
including fruits and green parts. (Decree of Marcn 3, 1927,
art. 8 (e p.6.) (For exceptions see Dorogations from the Decroee
of fiearch 3, 1927, p.8.)
VEGETABLE v AIUFEPS AlND COMPOSTS. (Intern national Phylloxera Convention of
Berne and provisions adopted by the Italian Government.)
Importation and Transit Prohibited From Canada, France, Spain, and the United States
GRAPEVINES (Vitis spp.), European and American, including scions and
cuttings. (Decree of March 3, 1927, art. 8 (a), p.6.) Used props and supports for grapevines. (International Phylloxera Convention
of Borne, November 3, 1881.)
Imrort-tion and Trensit Prohibited from Africa
CORN (Ze. maYs L.), stalks and ears. (Decree of Maerch 3, 1927, art. 8 (f).
Ilmportcation and Transit Prohibited from Argentina, Australia,
Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Hawiaii, India, Japan, Mexico, South Africa, and the United States
FRUIT-BEARING PLANTS, PARTS THEREOF, AN.D FRESH RLITS OF ANY KIND.
(Decree of March 3, 1927, art. (c), p.6.)
Importation and Transit Prohibited from North and South America, China, and the Orient in General
CHESTNUT (Castanea spop.), including trees, fruits, seeds, bark, branches,
and trunks with bark. (Decree of March 3, 1927, art. 8 (b), p.6.):
Importation and transit prohibited also from countries that have
not taken precautionary measures against chestnut-bark disease.
LIV" P~eiNIS, Pr3TS 01 PLANTS, seeds, 'and ot',er products intended for
cultivatio-n or pr~~ tontseiially ; iontioned in the
prohibitions, arndprocee ding- from permitted countries of origin: Importa--tion s.ubject to corrPl4..-ance with the effective provisions
of the Law of Jun;. 18, 1931, articles 8 C-and 9, and tiie Decree of
March 3, 1927, articles 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, -Lnd 12.
S UPD OF P&AG-CROP PLiiTS (Lea uines -nd grasses): Ii-portazion subject
to inspection for dodder (CuLscutL spp.). (Decree of 11,arch 3, 1927,
article 7, P5)The port of knconca also, is out~iorized for the imo -ortation of such seeds. The port of Messina a-lso is opened
for the. untr;' of vegetab :le seeds. (CirculaNo40, Deeme
PL.,dT PR0DUC-S intund,2d for food and industrial purposes, not included
amon,; thaosc indicated in article 8 of the D,.=r-o of March 3, 1927,
may be ad.. itted through any~ custorims port of entry.
..,STIRICTICYS 0'- THE IlaPORT.A'TIOIT OF PLANTS AN1-D PLAN-T PRODUCTS
[Ministeria-l d )cr-,e of 1virch 3, 1927 (Gazetta TUfficiale No. 73, March 29, 1927) as b,-,,- b tha-t of Jul-7 18, 1928 (GaTPz. Uff. -No. 191, kugust 17,
Authorized Ports of Entry
Article- 1. The importation ofL livi.n.g plants, par-ts of plants, se .eds and ozrhor )lant products, from fore ign countries, intended for breeding anO. -)-oe ao, may be effect-ed through t'-e following customs
ports of entry: Briadisi, Cagliari, Catania, Fiume, G,.noa, Livorno, Milan, Naples, Palermo, Rome, Syracuse, Taranto, Trieste, Turin, Udine, Venice, Vestimidia, and Verona.
The entry of forage-crop and grass seeds is authorized also through the-port of Ancona and the entry of v tabl sooeeds also through the port of Messina.
Art. 2. Packages containing the said plants must be refused entry when orescnted at other customs offices. However, such packages may be roshiped to the nearest customs office among tLose above-named, when the interested person requests the customs authority to do so and offers to pay the cost of rushipmunt.
If the railroad station of destination is situated between the frontier section and the place where one of the offices named in article 1 is located, or if it is situated on a railroad diverging from the normal itinerary, which the shipment should follow to reach the customs office authorized for importation, the frontier customs office at which the shipment wa.s presented is authorized, at the request of the interested person, to hold the shipment, fully informing the competent regional pathological laboratory. The latter will carry out the prescribed inspection in the manner and place deemed most convenient, at the expense of the interested person.
Art. 3. Shipments of the plant material referred to in article
1 are admitted for importation after inspection by a pnytopathologist designated by the Ministry of National Economy at the authorized customs office, in accordance with the provisions of articles 8 and 9 of Law No. 987 of June 18, 1931.
Art. 4. Vhen shipment is admitted for importation, the precautionary measures prescribed by article 9 of Law 1To. '67 of June 18, 1931, and article 23 of the rn:gullations under that law are to be applied by the designated phytopathologist at the expense of the interested oerson.
Artsa. 5 and 6. Revoked by the decree of July 18, 1928.
Fo age-plant Seeds Must Be Free from Dodder
Art. 7. Seeds of forage-crop plants are admitted for importation when the abso nce of any species of Cuscuta has been ascertained. That is accorFplished by the phytopa.tholo ical inspector, or by an authorized seed control laboratory from samples withdrawn by that inspector.
Importation and Transit Prohibited
Art.8. The importation and transit of the following plants and parts thereof are suspended:
(a) European and American grapevine (Vitis spp.) stocks
and cuttings from Canlda, France, Spain, and the
United States, on account of the black rot, Guignardia bidwellii (Ell.) Viala & Ravez, the regulations
against phylloxera remaining effective. (International Phylloxera Convention of Berne.)
(b) Chestnut trees (Castanoa spp.), including tae fruits,
seeds, bark, branches and trunks with bark, from
North -and South America, China., and the Orient in general, as well as from any country which has not
taken precautionary measures against the chestnut
bark disease, Endothia parasitica (Murr.) Ander.
(c) Fruit-bearing plants, parts thereof, and fresh fruits
of all kinds from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada,
Chile, China, Hawaii, India, Japan, M14exico, Union of
South Africa, and the United States, on account of the
San Jose scale, Askidiotus perniciosus Comst,; the
oriental fruit moth, (Laspeyresia) Grapholitha molesta
Busck.; foreign fruit flies; and the fungus Diaporthe
(d) Citrus plants, parts thereof, fresh citrus fruits and
peel (cortex) of such fruits, from all foreign countries, on ac.ccount of Gloverts scale, Lepidosaphes gloveri Pack, the citrus whitefly, (Alevrodes) Dialeurodes citri Ashm.;
citrus canker, Bacterium citri Hasse; the pink disease,
Corticium salmonicolr- B.- & Br.; Sphaero-sis tumifaciens
Hodges; and lime withertip, Gloeosporium limetticolum R. F.
(e' Potato tubers, fruit, and green parts of every species
of the Solanaceae (tomatoes (Lycopersicum spp.), eggplants
(Solanum melongena L.'), peppers (Cepsicum spp.)) from all foreign countries, on account of the potato wart disease,
Synchytriumn endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.; potato tuber worm(Phthorimae.) Gnorimoschema operculella Zell.; the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say;
and the potato flea beetle, Epitrix cucumeris Harr.
f) S t e ms L.nd e s of corn (Zg,-, froin every
countr-;- in Afric,,, on -,.ccourt of the st-lk or ?r, Sesarni,7. Drips.
(L) Banana plants .ti nd fruits (L nig, spp'. on account
of Comstock's mealybugrseudococcus comstocki
xuw,, .n,---; the ArE.entine E.nt, ILAA=i iriex
IvIcyr.; black rot of sugarcane,- Thielavi o-psiq
pLre.doxa (D(.- Sev. V. Hoch. ; ,iid the wilt
disease, Fusarium cubense E.F.Sm.
( 2 Pineapple plants nd fruits (Ananas sati-vus
Sc'ault) on account of t1ne. danger of introducwith them injurious foreJgn scale insects,
as well as blacK rot of sug e. Thielaviops-is
(De Sey) V. Hoe" ; -.nd t1ie Panama 2L dox- II
wilt dise!; .se, Fusarium ci:Cbt -ise E. F.
(i Al.-,-Ionds in t.',Ie shell cg.-,i!,iuniS on
account, of EE2Lry_ gma End. of th- almond,
__ : __L -.; o of Prunus, Ascochyt, nd shc- hole --?nd fruit s k, a
c'-iloros-pora SperFresh pplm an,' laurel le-v-s, on accou -t of th ,
d--Tiger o' ini;i-oducing inj--!.- ious forei,_-, : cale not a4U. o.-es .-nt ex,-*-,( 'Uin, in
Re--L)laticns Applicable vo Plant L i t,) r J- 1 Introduced by 1r,'weler,,;
Art. 9. The provisi-ns of the -rec, din,-- -Irticlt: .-, r-;ply also to plants, perts of pl.!-)nts, -nd seeds int,2ndeO. for ing, ?,icl. to plant i)roducts breu t in Ily tr-;-,velors from f o re ig.-i co-ant r io s.
Lrt. 1.0. The unloading on free points, from vessels arriving in Dortvs of the Kingdom, o-f plants, oarts of )lL.nts, and plant prwiucts the importation and tr-.n.sit of which is suspended, is prohibited.
Art. 11. The preceding provisions are not applicable to importations made *b,-,- the IVIlinistry of' Ncational Economiy.
Ih9ortrtdon Unrestricted of Plant Products Intended for Food and Industrial Purooses
Art. 12. Plant products intended for food and for industrial purposes, not included empng those indicated in article 8, are admitted for importation through any customs port of entry, the provisions of article 9 of Law 98? of June 18, 1931, remaining effective. (See p. 5.)
Art. 13. This decree becomes effective May 1, 1927, and revokes those of February 21, 1921, and August 4, 1921.
DEROGATIONS FROM THE PECRE OF ARCH 3, 1927
1. Order No. 45012, October 18, 1927, provides for
the transit solely through the port of Trieste
and further shipment by sea of potatoes proceeding by land from Czechoslovakia, Poland, and
Yugo slav ia.
2. Order lTo. 7910 February 27, 1925, provides for
the transit of potatoes from Malta through the
territory of Italy.
3. Orders No. 5046, January 286, 192F, and No. 44903,
October 18, 1927, provide that 'the transit of citrus fruits proceeding by se-, from Palestine
or the Aegean Islands may be effected only through
the ports of Trieste and Piume.
4. Order No. 35166, July 18, 1928, provides for the
transit of citrus fruits originating in other sources than Palestine and the Aegean Islands, solely through the sports of Genoa and Trieste.
Packages containing plants and plant products whose importation is authorized, are admitted to entry into the Kingdom on condition that they are free from animal or plant parasites and that they contain neither fragments nor leaves of the grapevine.
Shipperls Declaration and Phylloxera Certificate Required
If such packages proceed from foreign countries that have not adhered ttihelnternational Phylloxera Convention of Berne, they must be accompanied by a. shippers declaration and an attestation by competent authority. The first shall (a) declare that thie contents of the shipment proceed exclusively from his establishment; (b) indicate the place of destination and the address of the consignee; (c) affirm that no grapevine stocks are included in the shipment; (d) indicate whether the shipment contains plants with particles of soil; (e) bear the signature of the shipper.
The attestation of the authority of the country of origin
shall be issued on the declaration of an official expert designated for research and supervision of phylloxera and shall bear the following data: (a) That the plants proceed from ground at least 20 meters distant from any grapevine stock or other obstacle, deemed by the said authority to be sufficient, to the propagation (spread) of the roots; (b) that the said ground contains no grapevine stocks; (c) that no such plants are stored there; (d) that if phylloxerated grapevines had been found there, their radical extirpation had been effected, by an insecticide, or other meuans, during a period of 3 years, with appropriate research to insure thile complete destruction of insects and roots. The above attestation (for countries that adhere to the Phylloxera Convention) is not necessary with respect to shipments of plants proceeding from an establishment registered in the list of establishments officially declared in accordance with the provisions of the International Convention of Berne.
The expenses involved in the inspection and storage are. charged againstthe interested persons.
The Ministerial Decree of March 3, 1927, article 8 (e)
prohibiting the importation of potatoes from any source, remains effective, but by derogation from that decree, the importation of seed potatoes is permitted under prescribed conditions promulgated
Fannually by 1,iinistarial decree.
lap.t (1ccre%3 will prescrib.. tl- a period of 'he yoar
conce2lned durin, which -eed potatoes may be imported, the vE.riety an ,. Taantity and "lie conditicn-, ander' -Ihich they may be il-j -P or tc j
Import Permit Reqiiired
An im-,)ort permit ii.ust first be obtained from the hiinistry of ACriculture and Forestry.
Freedom of Ori,-in from Pot :Ao Parasites
The seed potatoes to be im.,)orted must originate in localitiOS 4 'r-( fi-om th,,- following ,- )araoites:
j a 4
_T otpxsp. d,-,(-JT-q-1in-gL -a Say, CnlorLido pot,--.to beetle
SLqc vtri -loticum. (Schilb.) Pere., potato viart
norii, oschema ooei-cu'Lc--!11a Zell., )otato tuber v, orm
I:Iete--rodon- rostociii,.,fisis. -ootato neria,,.tode mealworm )
El)itrix cucumjrj.s H: rr, pot--.to flea beetle
Tlie ot---Aok ,s mustu b,.; taken from fields under the technical supervision of c gover=-nt institution of the exporting country,
ospecialiy with reference to so-ct-- .11,)d virus diseEl.ses.
Photos -.),iiit ry Certificate -Required
The s cks in which tlle jot -.to::,.- arz shipped ,lust be so,?led by t.-Ie Dlant ,rotection authoriti,-'s of the country of origin -nd b, accoixo.2 niud by a, I)hytos-.nit,,,r- certificate indicating origin !,nd af f i r, inc t'hat the fields in which the potatoes were grown are frec from. the abov,, -n2iied parasites; th,--.t within a radius of 200 :m of the placo pot"7 toes w, :-ra E ro-::n the Colorado potato beetle
h s not been found, and th--t the presence alf the ot.ier parasites has not 1,,een determined within a radius of 2 km; th- ,.t the potatoes are slaibxd in new containers; th,.t oacl. contair., r was personally sealed by t1io ins-yk ctcr with th,3 official se2.1 of ti-le plant-inspection service -.id ti-i,-,t the potE-,.toes are. fr .e from e,-,.rth. It must also bo
certifL.,d tli-t t.,-.e pl ?-nts from which 'Une potatoes harvested siiov: ;d no visible syrriptoms of virus diseases.
Authorized Ports of Entry
The authorized ports of entry for seed potatoes during
the _prescribed period are Bari, Brindisi, Cagliari, Catania, Chiasso, Domodossola, Fortezza (Klausen), Genoa, Miodane, Naples, Trieste, and Udine.
IPORTATION AND TRANSIT OF CACTUS PLAITS AND FRUITS PROHIBITED
(Ministerial Order of Dec. 20, 1932; Gazzetta. Ufficiale No. 37, Feb.
The importation into, and transit through, Italy are prohibited of cactus plants Lnd fruits proceeding from any country, on account of the danger of introducing insects, fungi or bacteria that are injurious to the pricklypear (Opuntia ficus-indica).
IMPORTATION OF PLANTS OF ABIES, PICEA, PINEJS,
PSSUDOTSUGA, AND TSUGA PROHIBITED
(Ministerial Order of Dec. 20, 1932; C-azzetta Ufficiale No. 37, Feb.
The importation into Itdy of plants, and parts thereof,
of Conifers of the genera Abies, Picea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga, and Tsuga is prohibited.
The importation of plants, and parts thereof, belonging to
other species of conifers is permitted on condition that they are accompanied by a certificate, issued by the plant-protection service of the country of origin, in Italian or French, affirming that the plants or parts of plants included in the shipment are free from injurious pests and diseases and especially from Rhabdocline pseudotsugae.
The same certificate must also indicate the origin of the
products end the species of the products included in the shipment, as well as data necessary for the identification of the shipment.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
rEII l l I l r I1 111111Il I Jll
3 1262 09245 5897
IMORTATION AND TRANSIT OF ELvMS PROHIBITED
(Ministerial decree of Mar. 29, 1933; Gazzetta Ufficiale No. 104, May 4, 1933)
The importation into, and transit through,Italy from all foreign countries of plants and parts of plants of the genus Ulmus, except the seed, are prohibited on ccount of the danger of introducing foreign scale insects (Coccidae) which are very
injurious to Italian fruit culture.