Sterilization of imported Vinifera grapes by refrigeration


Material Information

Sterilization of imported Vinifera grapes by refrigeration
Series Title:
B.E.P.Q. ;
Physical Description:
2 p. : ; 27 cm.
Strong, Lee A
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Grapes -- Diseases and pests -- Control -- United States   ( lcsh )
Mediterranean fruit-fly -- Control -- United States   ( lcsh )
Refrigeration as a disinfectant   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"Approved and effective Sept. 15, 1937."
General Note:
"Lee A. Strong, Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine"--P. 2.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030471900
oclc - 788622932
System ID:

Full Text

T-T-TrIM ST-r7!, 1)E'-' .'fY.7'-'TT OF A071EICT"ITUM7 E ,-m-ta of Plr nt

B. 7,,. P. q. --463

S T,'ll' 1 *.;,J I L-&.T 1017 OF 1111PORT ED V IN I 11=! GRAPES 3'1 REFE]l G--RAT I 0:-',,T

(Approved ond effective Sept. 1 ; 1.937)

Rec, mt cxoorire.ital work by t ,a Buruall of E,'IVormolo -,"j -n-..1 Plant
q-aare-,tine o ,:' trle 'Statos h, i.s proved that
all staf ,as .0f the fT7-J.t 'I"1y in fri"'.t WI-111 be de-troved if
the fr)it -is si).b.'ected t,-) tl,(

Coolin,-, the cont-,--r -)f ti,., in the
,-IckaFe r!Da( hes a C;f
frait at or beli-o-x th,-..Iv- for a ,riod nf 12
days, .

On the basis of the evide-ice -- nd- -wa('Icr t l- a,,It lority )f
regrulatioa 2 of tho rales &,n r,- galations sI).1-)7l :-I ,-IA-,,I to v(--)tice of qu.arantine Yo- 56, prov-'.si ,--In is f,,,r th.-3 aiitry, per-nit and
sterilization at --)l,.,.nts f-)r tl-ie -xLrpose, of gr--.pes of the '71nifera ty-pe fro-,i r041-jons in wi-,i(-h fruit" fly occurs a"
the port of New York 'And such ol"her northern p02-ts as b-- subsequently
proved. under
ap', foll,)-rrin 7 cnndit ions:

T Ie !L7ranos rLU311- bu L. b.irrels or or ot.,I(-r
an-or 71ved- contri.'n2rs so constrc-t -- as to, -0"everlt tlno escape from t1io containers ren, A--- ster.11 iz(-.tion of any sta, ;as of
t1ae Meaiterreme!7 ;a f---Li-it fly, nrt sunt '-,'jnsterilized. games In br;?! --en cqnt--tin: rq i-.ust be imme-Ii telrepac!7ad, wider th,; s,,roer,:i ,ion of L-Lsp. -rtor jf t1he Bureau
of Entomolo, -,y and Pl,,int Quar-- .,-itinp or -Uhe contents shall be
immeIi- ,tely destroyed in -3. rn,-3,-nner satisfactory to ti-ie inS-Pector.

(2) Titl -in 24 hours fr lr'. the ti-' e of the gr -.--,es shall
be delivered for treatment to a colO, storage pl,,)

The Bureau of EntoynoloF.,y and Plant Qurx-tntine will e i)nlj tjoci ) cold stor, -(:; pl,,,- ts are adequ-telr equip-p(-,,d to ) rtndle nnl- ster+*:lizc the f-rarcs.
An ap-plication n-nd a writt--l'I igroemant in form- prescribed must be fileJ wit i the 3ureaa of Entomology and
Plant q-a,:,r,-,ntine a-, a c(-ndition for, tinn.


3 1262 09245 5996

ll e -terill zatior of F,-E-o-s !, nd t, t + C)
the rooms ic), !-,, un4c:-1 11 t -jjl ti--f, s acco s to th

--r 0- 7 7,- ,llov;-,d to leave custor.3

f r f -It r, -7 be
b: .- f,, r st--rilizati;Dn. Final ra0" rtn, c1 c,: o b I I b c e f -1 a c t ,31f t a r t c J. 7, 0 c r 0 f
006n -live:i.

a. , t,-) eliminate
+ a ry ;-,rrr .-F -oc-riol from
Cc. 'V-,-'b er 1 tc r-l,,"-+ :7 v-dll no- 'be
any esc! -,, ce
f:,pnrolTel st(:,rilii -,,n.;,) tl-e U-;,-ed cl.-ttes
-1 :1 1,
tj ST Cr-,: ,-t i r, i --is of t'nis circu,,rolessmess in f'p-plyit c z,-,,-! t*,-- c,

f: r tl- entrr of pr--es ander
C4 r(.rr( s-?nT*,3 C. reali.dro- a-1A cc n-=7 u i,." -- 11 t s "lal 1
a TT- Q + 4 c tu-f l ) r t
t l t t -,a r 4 t t h c e L) n t f
r, i I t I t r I t f e r e -1 f i e t r T, 2 t I-- c r o q c) n s

r 7 j i

L 71 4L S "All 017 GT

",I -E- r n (1 1 a n t Q ji!7i ra n t i n e