The Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization : a staff study


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The Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization : a staff study
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v, 47, viii p. : ; 24 cm.
United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Committee on the Judiciary. -- Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws
U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
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Subversive activities -- United States   ( lcsh )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
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Includes bibliographical references and index.
General Note:
At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.
Statement of Responsibility:
prepared by the Subcommittee to Investigate the Adminstration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-fourth Congress, second session.

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University of Florida
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Full Text
r ,/

94th Congress COMMITTEE PRINT 2d Session I










I / t I

MARCH 1976 **


COM JYFFI-,'E (-)N T11F JAM!", 0. I-'A,,*rr,. -Nb, Arlan-as j,().NlA-N L. 11RUSNA.
A. 11AI,'I', 11111AM L. YONG, Iiawlii
YDNVAR!) M. KENNEDY, 11UGH SCOTT' Pennsyivanla
1 1 1 1 p A Y I I, IT D i I: I I j i I 'STROM I'll Soulh Carolina
4 )VEN"I'l-N N. Ncrth 1),,I.ota CIIAIZLES McC. MATIHAS. Jit., Marylaiid
1 '01,i:RT C. BYRA), West Virgiiiia WILLIAM L. SCOTT, Virp,iiiia
JWIN V. 'I'VNNEY. Califoritia JAME-; A13(-1UREZK, South Dakota

T() 1-Nvv ,T1r.A'11 1 T F k I OF T11F INTERNAL
-f 1-111 i Y A( T AND OTHER INTIAINAL I-12-1-y LANN"S J!I'MES 0. EASTLAND, -Mississippi, Cliairman JOHN L. '-Nl( CLE'LLAN, Ar ans-as STRO'M TIJUJI'MOND, South Carolina
BIRCH IIA111, Indiana WILLIA.N1 L. SCOTT, Virginia
RTcii. i!T) L. SCHULTZ, ChiCf C01111RCI ,:i: )F. Asislant to thr CIfirf Critinect AiF(,)*., o L. TARABOCHIA, CMCf I711-C-Stigator R( PERT J. -I)VNE" '-sll()RT, Scnior br-cstigulor MARY E. Doof-m-, Rcscarch Dircrtor P.%\-11) -M.k%Tj.N, Scm0l. -1 nalyst

EIS OLUTIONplt-st)7e,1007, 'hot f1w :kaff :tud.v fitted. "The Tnerto Rican Revolumllzal mn. I)e printed and made public.

Apja(4vvo, Mal-ch 10, 1976.


Chapter I-Origin--------------- --------------------------------- 3
Chapter II-Leadership ---------- --------------------------------Chapter III-Organizational structure---------------------------------- 17
Chapter IV-Subversive activities-------------------------------------21?
Chapter V-Affiliations with other organizations------------------------2 9
Appendix---------------------------------------------------------- 45

Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013


Acts of terrorism and civil disobedience within the United States, designed to gain attention and support for the Puerto Rican independence movement, have increased in recent years.
Testimony taken by the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee on July 30, 1975, established that Communist Cuba has taken an active role in support of Puerto Rican independence. During its continuing investigation of Puerto Rican terrorism, the subcommittee has learned that the Democratic Peoples Republic of China has taken an active interest in the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization, an underground, revolutionary, pro-independence group operating in the United States.
This Staff Study traces the historical evolution of the PRRWO from a Chicago street gang to a Communist controlled organization, dedicated to the overthrow of the government of the United States, and to the independence of Puerto Rico. The study gives insights into one method, used by Communists, to infiltrate and subvert an organization. The study further indicates that the PRRWO engages in a broad range of political activities involving numerous organizations.

The Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization is an underground revolutionary group committed to the twin goals of creating a revolutionary Coniunnist Party in the U united States an(] achieing Puerto Rican independence. Evolving f'rom a street cang in Chicago. the PRRWO developed a reputation as the foremost Maoist advocate among the organizations which comprise the Puerto Rican revolutionarv movement in the United States.'
The leadership of the PRRWO is composed of movement veterans who advocate the use of revolutionary means to accomplish the overthrow of the capitalist form of government.
Their stated plans include the creation of a new Communist Party. independence for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the creation of a socialist society within the United States.
Prior to going underground in 1973, the PRRWO had an extensive and influential organization with representative branches in five states.
The last major appearance of the PRRWO was in July of 1972 at their First National Congress. The PRRWO adopted a new party platform at the Congress which "explained in detail the need for a multi-national Communist Party in the United States, (and) concluded that the PRRWO should build toward that (goal) by organizing Puerto Rican workers (while) at the same time working closely with three fraternal organizations (i.e. I Wor Kuen, Revolutionary Union. and the Black Workers Congress)."2 Impetus for the adoption of the new platform was provided directly by Red China.3
The illegal activities of the PRRWO and its predecessor organizations have included bombing, extortion, kidnaping, criminal trespass, larceny, the carrying of concealed weapons, assault, and battery. These crimes were committed in the pursuit of a popular social issue whose social end was thought to justify illegal means. This precept directly contravenes the traditional concepts of nonviolent change which are basic to our system of government.
The following study of the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization is divided into five chapters. Each chapter deals with one specific area of the PRRWO. Eah chapter is snhdivided, in format. into three areas because the PRRWO has passed through three distinct )olitical phases: the Young Lords Organization, the Young Lords Party, and the PRRWO.
1 O ,rdian. July 12. 1972, p. 5.
2 Th ; d, n. 5.
3 The New York Post, March 23. 1973, p. A.


The evolution of the PRRWO may be divided into four distinctive periods: the gang years (1959-1968), the Young Lords Organization (1968-1970), the Young Lords Party (1970-1972), and the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization (1972-present). Each of these periods is marked by distinctive changes in policy, leadership and organization.
The gang years commenced in 1959 with the formation of a street gang in Chicago, Illinois called the Young Lords. A thirteen year old bov named Jose "Cha Cha" Jiminez joined with Orlando Davilla anda five other youths to create the Young Lords.1 According to Jose Jiminez:
In 1959 the Young Lords was a gang, a street gang on the North Side of Chicago in the area of Oldtown. It got together as probably being more or less for protection because it was primarily a white area and the Young Lords were Puerto Rican. Later on more and more Puerto Ricans came into the area as more and more of the racist whites moved out into another community which was closer to Oldtown. After a while they became a social club, they had parties for the benefit of raising money for sweaters and T-shirts. They had picnics, they had dinners for the families..2
During the gang years the Young Lords were fighting with white gangs in the area over hangouts and turf. In 1964 Jose "Cha Cha" Jiminez was elected president of the Young Lords, but his presidency was terminated in the Spring of 1964 when he was incarcerated. Released in 1965, Jiminez returned to the Young Lords. In 1966 Orlando Davilla assumed leadership of the organization. From Davilla's ascendency in 1966 until January of 1968 the Young Lords faded as an organization until the only remnant was a coffeehouse, Uptight #2, which the Young Lords had opened in the Summer of 1967.3
In January of 1968 Jiminez again returned to reorganize the Young Lords. It was a year of transition for the Young Lords. Under Jiminez's guidance the Young Lords became actively involved in the community. Resorting to the above mentioned parties, picnics, and dinners; the Young Lords sought to create community awareness of existing social problems.
The transition from the Young Lords street gang to the Young Lords Organization occurred in 196S. The, factors which accountt for this transition appear to be several. "Dennis Cunninghain, one of several Movement lawyers in Chicaoyo who have handled cases for the Lords ... for several years, points to the Lords' early and continuing
The Movement, May 1969, p. 4.
2 The Blac; Panther, Jpno 7. 1969. p. 17.
3 The Movement, May 1969, p. 4.


Nvith the 111ack Ptinflicrs :is fund-zimental to t1wir political ljt.' 4 'I'll iStll(,Slslsl)ai-ti.-iII3-stil)st.iiitiatedbyllildaN-IIS(Ill(,Z
martin, a Young Lords member:
Ofie of the thill;z" that tllll :llt -1-1,C) 111olliller's f1l"It 'III nttack oil the root Causes of Ilicir problems was first necessilry, and second jx)ssilde. NN-11" tile development 4,f relntion,-4 Nvitli rwil,,, flolll other communities and 1)arts of t1w country. . I-'or t-xamiile, in ()ctolwr )'u) wns hivited to take pnrt in :I riveting with fill L:t I lit ions wid or'"'nilizel-S ill At ille cit v illeeting people
from YLO intt Nvi t li ( it I it, I- (,nZanizers all d 1'4 )nn ed --Zt I-, mg I i I I ks wit I I some of 1hem. As :I m-sult a IA.() nwin1wr Nvvnt t(i :III International Conference in
T111-1,11-11 this broa(It-nin- of contact, YLO becaille informe(l almut wiiat
in the rt-,t (1,* ill(, cmintry witb ntlwi- 1,atin ;1,roui)s who Nvere eu-wed in :- tru-lv.'
rr(-- t I 1 1'. v t'11'en hY t1w 4(,n ttp Jitliclary Committee'.,; Tnternal
SlIbco!]III11ttee till 12, 4971 froni Mr. Tliom:vs 1--,d:1 IF( that. "tho fir -t cliaj)icr of the Youm-r Lord -;
W-,r1w",(,d \% "I'll 4-lic help of .111-1- l'rilcitill.- The chairman of the
.1 1() Y(,11T1cr Lords
(1:11 wwd I 'I 1-t I,) I rvspom 1611it-v 1'(.I- tho p(d It loll of the "I-wlp.
11 c -,rrm li f's ti"1111-1:1 )]I 11) t,w or Ills OW 11 S(11ISV
The trili'l of
(r I,,
t 1 11 if Y ml 1) W).
Tj:(, lwx, I'l t'-', evollitioil ()f Clw Y(mrify Lord,- Or'--J< "11", civl, )4* the Nmv yi: AN'liether the
io A-vas i!utiate(l ill OF Nev,- York
is 11()r clear. lilefiw(, the. -New York br-nell. the YLO NvaF
Po"!-") AJt)*z1l C(,ITppci-. S )C 101tV., A(1 101*11ill(r to Pd-)]o Y I i ilz(r I z 't ;I 11) 1*: 0 0 i, f I I iOr IiJI i W
M NONIC Yovlc F Illco J:t-,,1arN7 "Ind we
-;0111'0 that, -Alarill"(1Z
Y L )Jo:-- -,Cha "'t ille, 19
t I lat I w ke I iolvc( I N ew York o
Al "I'M;: k( I.
"",0 1*1 brancli il members
o: I w I Aflw/!" (w"M v L!W .10 --e(I wI J
t, YLO Itler')
0I) Jll!"- :1;'. 'Liw -N.-Aiwial of the YLO i n
0(102-11loll ( o Nc w Yc rk Y I'M as a st at e
'11tIV ;)"V jildioatimis that, dic Ic I dqua rte rs a I
/(41 hl"11101 I i 1 Ilevww)(1. 11101,11111; 1 vor, t'lerc
at this till-10.)
1970 C Ycir \- h, ptcr h,-A bocom di.,encliante(I
Iv I t I t1w i! 1) ro) x I a(t arters.1-1 In
I (I by _Ntatloilat 1111c '(pl,
I a v tlv _N(-Nv 1 1,0 Colltrll ("olluilittee met an(I (Lccidl ,d to
l-/I wl(rc) to the problein. Apjmr(,nL1y iio accor(l
i 0i ll L:ll ('A
N"Wil(.4 bccatl c l"I J I'llc the Ncw York YI-JO sev( Ivd its OlwallizaZ-l
4 f,'t, ,!I )t-to I if, r 1 f 170 1), 19.
T( vf 'v- ;i V, lro.O)cr. Pirt 1. 1TvarinE:,-z lwfo-v the iibvommlttee to
:i t jf \(jjj,jjjjtr;jtj()jj tif tho lwormil Sev-irtlyAct and Oflier Internal Security
1w lali,s
7, 1 1 69, --I.
-,;. ; mi(l Abramsoll, Michael, I'alante Young Lords Party,
lip. P


tional affiliation with Chicago and renamed itself the Young Lords Party."
The Young Lords Party rapidly expanded its organization during the period from June of 1970 to July of 1973. The Young Lords Organization in Chicago did not cease to exist as a result of the split with New York; however, their attempted national expansion had failed and they concentrated their efforts in the Chicago area. By November of 1970 their Heywood, California branch had ceased to exist.'@ In April of 1971 it was reported that the Chicago YLO was recruiting in the Milwaukee, Wisconsin area, but there are no indications that their recruiting attempts were successful.' Actually, the YLO in Chicago had ceased to be an effective organization following the resignation of Jose "Cha Cha" Jiminez in mid-July of 1970.' The history of the Young Lords in Chicago establishes that the organization's effectiveness lasted only so long as Jiminez was its leader.
Two months after Jiminez's resignation from the YLO, as its chairman, Felipe Luciano was ousted as chairman of the YLP by the Central Committee. The reason for Luciano's ouster was most likely thut the Central Committee feared that the YLP would become oriented around its chairman as the YLO had. However, the stated reason for the ouster was for Luciano's "male chauvinism, unclear politics, political individualism and lack of development." 19
The next period of development for the Young Lords Party oncurred in July of 1972 with the emergence of the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization.20 By February of 1972 the YLP had scheduled its First National Conference for July 3, 1972 and had decided how the new group would be organized.1 However, conflicts developed between members of the Central Committee which could not be resolved and in June two members of the Central Committee quit and joined the Puerto Rican Socialist Party.22
The Young Lords Party renamed itself the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization on July 3, 1972 following its first and last national conference. The conference marks the commencement of the current evolutionary stage of the PRRWO.
5 Ibid, p1). 10
6 Ibid, p. 11.
17 Liberation News Scrvice, #336, April 21, 1971, p. 2. s18 Ramparts, October 1970, p. 22.
:9 New York Times, September 5, 1970, p. 35.
20 The Guardian, July 12, 1972, p. 5.
21 Liberation News Service #414, February 19, 1972, p. 14. 22 The Guardian, op. cit., p. 5.

The evolutionary stages of the PRRWO, from January 1968 until the present day, have been marked by increased decentral izat ion of the leadership authority andl structure. Decentra 1ized leadership creates the problem of adequately identifying the cohesive leadership force in an organization. To adequately identify the leaders of the PRRWVO, one must rely on the individual's continuity of association with the organization. Leadership profiles of the YLO. YLP, and IPRRWO follow this narrative, and are designed to give the reader a more precise conceptualization of the organization's individual leaders. The Youngq Lords Organization
The leadership of the YLO was characterized by a centralized leadership, which made the organization dependent on the strong personal maonetism of the chairman. Jose "Cha Cha" Jiminez was unquestionably the leader of the Chicago YLO from its inception until July of 1970. In mid-July Jiminez resigned as chairman of the YLO following a conviction for stealing lumber?.' On August 11, 1970 Jiminez failed to appear to begin serving a one year sentence. THe remained underground until December 6, 1972, at which time he voluntarily surrendered to the police.
The New York branch of the YLO was officially founded on July 96, 1969. and Felipe Luciano was named as its chairman. As in Chicao'o. the New York branch was also dependent on the chairman's inmagnetism.
The Young Lords Party
In June of 1970 the YLO fractionalized and the New York branch formed the Young Lords Party. Its leadership remained under the control of Luciano until his ouster by the Central Committee on September 4, 1970.1 The reasons for ouistin" Luciano, according to the Central Committee were: "male chauvinism, unclear politics, political individualism, and lack of development." 6 Based on the chronology of events of 1970, the most probable reason for Luciano's elimination was that the Central Committee feared that the organization's existence might become dependent on one individual, as had happened in Chicago. It should be noted that Jiminez's disappearance underground and Luciano's ouster coincided to within a month of each other.
The Central Committee assumed control of the Youno Lords Party. and was made up of : Juan "Fi" Ortiz, Pablo "Yoruba" izman, David Perez, Juan Gonzalez. Gloria Gonzalez, Denise Oliver. and Iris Benitez.6 With the exceptions of the addition of Gloria Cruz on NovemI Ramparts, October 1970. p. 22.
2 Guardian, June 20. 1973, p. 2: and Liberation Yewrs Service No. 529. .Tune 6. 1973. p. 9. 3 Abramson, Michael, Palante Young Lords Party, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1971, p. 7S.
4 New York Times, September 5, 1970, p. 35
Ibid, p. 35.
Abramson, op. cit., pp. 10-12.


b)er 11. 1970 as a Field Marshal,: anI thie resi gnatio( of I)c ise Oliver in March of 1971 the Central Colunittce remained intact as the ruliI body of thle Young Lords Party. The Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization
In February of 1972 Pablo "Yoruba" Guznman announced that the PlAW ), whiN was to l formed the following July, would be ruled by a ( ent ral ('Conuittee consisting of twelve persons. One month before the iifst Inational conferences of the YLP, two members of the I ling entry r ial Commnittee resigned to join the Puerto Rican Socialist Part v.1 At t he conclusion of the First National Congress of the Young IL)rds Iarty, tle newly formed Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers organization n announced the Central Committee would consist of: Pablo "Yoruba" GIuzman David Perez, Juan Gonzalez, Richie Perez, Carmen Cri uz, G(loria Fontanez, Willie Matos, Elba Saauedra, and Lulu Limniardo.' On March 23, 1973 Pablo Guzman and RiLehie Perez ano1IInce(T that the IRRWO was going underground and would reapIar in 17. ()r 1976.1 Two months later, on May 30, 1973, Pablo
Yorubh" (inan appeared before Judge ('harles M. Metzner for fial sentenci. is last statement before his imprisonment was: "And you ipose unteince fromi the position of your class. That is how you impose sentence, right? . I'm not asking for a break. I'm not :ttem)ting to say that you are going to rehabilitate me, because that is iIIp)ossible, )ecause 11m going to come out stronger than before. I'm going to keep struggling against your class and what you represent. Youi heard th:" ? You got that?"

Jose Jiminez co-founded the Young Lords in 1959. Hle was elected chairman of the organization in 1964. His chairmanship ended that same year when he was arrested and convicted of assault and battery with a deadly weapon. He served a six month sentence and was released. In 1968 he was again elected chairman of the Young Lords, and was again arrested and placed in the House of Detention. It was during this two month incarceration that Jiminez claims he gained a new sense of political awareness. His new awareness is captured in the following quotes:
. we look to see which is our enemy, which is our commonest enemy and we just see that the pigs are the bodyguards of the capitalist pigs that are oppressing and exploiting our people . We see that the United States is our enemy. And we look out for allies, you know, we look at Cuba, we look at Mao, wVe look at all these other countries that have liberated themselves from the
The Cubans have this poster . saying we will destroy it from the outside, you from the inside. This is the same way we put it. We feel that we should stimulate revolution here in the mother country, as well as in the colony.
Jiminez continued as the chairman of the Young Lords Organization until mid-July of 1970 at which time he resigned. His resignation was )rompted by a conviction for stealing lumber. On or about July 30,
New York Times, November 11, 1970, p. C-52.
\hrmson, op. cit., p. 12.
Liberation News Service No. 414, February 19, 1972, p. 14.
Guardian, July 12, 1972, p. 5.
I'falnte, July 21 to August 4. 1972, p. 1.
New York Post, March 23, 1973. D. 6.


1970 he was sentenced to serve a year in prison. On August 11, 1970 Jiminez was scheduled to appear in court to face charges of assault and battery; however he failed to appear. Jiminez disappeared underground until December 6, 1972 at which time lie voluntarily turned himself over to authorities. In November 1974 Jiminez was a candidate for Alderman of Chlcago's 46th Ward. lie was defeated in the election.13-26

When the New York branch of the Young Lords Organization was formed, Felipe Luciano became the state chairman. Re remained the chairman of the organization until September 4, 1970 at which time lie was ousted by the Central Committee. The following month he quit tihe party. During his tenure as chairman he was the primary leader and spokesman for the group. He continually advocated civil disobedience and other illegal acts:
The only solution is revolution. Take destiny into your own hands. You are not going to get it by getting people elected to Congress, by a good education, or by praying. The only way you are going to get it is by ripping it up. Seize the schools, seize the courts, seize the jails where three-quarters of our people are, seize the town before it seizes you. Revolution in this country is not gohi. to wait.
Following the takeover of the First Spanish Methodist Church in December 1969, Luciano was among 105 members of the Young Lords who were arrested on January 8, 1970. All charges against the 105 were subsequently dropped at the request of the complainant.7-32


Juan Ortiz received his education at Benjamin Franklin High School in New York City and subsequently became a member of the Albizu Campos Society. As a member of the YLO and YLP he held the positions of Deputy Minister of Finance and Chief of Staff, respectively. When the YLP became the PRRWO, Ortiz left the organization.33-39

13 Chicago Daily News, June 4, 1969. 14 The Movement, May 1969, p. 4. 35 Chicago Daily News, June 4, 1969. 1; Ibid.
'1 Iln'd.
Is Extent of Subdivision in the "New Left", Part 7, Hearin-s before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, 91st Congress, 2d Session, p. 1107.
Ibid, p. 1107.
Ramparts. op. cit., p. 22.
-" Chicago Daily News, June 4, 1969. 22 The Black Panther, June 7, 1969, p. 17. 23 The Movement, July 1969. p. 12. 24 Extent of Subversion in the "New Left", Part 3, op. cit., pp. 201, 220.
2 Daily World, October 2. 1974, p. 5. 28 Second City, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 12. 18; and Guardian, June 20, 1973, p. 2; and Liberation New Service No. 529, June 6, 1973, p. 9. 27New York Daily News, January 10. 1970. p. 16. 28 New York Daily News, January 7, 1970, p. 26. .New York Times Magazine, June 7, 1970. 30 New York Times, January 17, 1970, p. 62. 31 New York Times, September 5, 1970, p. 35; and Abramson, op. cit., p. 12. 32 New York Times, June 26, 1970, p. 37. 33 Abramson, op. cit., p. 18.
34 Ramparts, op. cit., p. 24.
05 Ibid, p. 24.
36 Abr'Imson, op. cit., p. 18.
37 New York Times Magazine, June 7, 1970. 39 Abramson, op cit., p. 18.
3 New York Times Magazine, June 7, 1970.


M-i1,1 iE 'MAVTo
Willie1t Matos-;a the lPefense ("aptaini ini charge of the YLPts
Brigeprt ConcIc e)acl WhnteYPbcme the PRRWAO,
Mat()- os lJ11 "e a ebe ft* lOe Cent ral Commilittee. "


G Iori.a. GonIIZaleI cz wasI thIIe founj id er o()f thIie I Iea Ilh Rvolut1ion a ry Un it y
Moveinent ~~~ whc wa ciei h ispute with Lincoln Hospital i
-New Yor-k (City. AS a 'Member of the YLP1 shIe became a member of Ohe Cenitral Commiit tee with th Ie positilonl of Feld Marsh lWenl the PUR ( wa formiled Miss (imnzalez remained on the Central Co-'i)
mitc.Acrdn o isGoiizalez, "Wherever aI Puerto Rican i s,
the duty of a, Puerto R'ican is to make the revolu]tionl." 34

P SJIL~o "YoruBAI.'" GU-Z.IrA
Asq TLuoiamls itience beg'-(an to 'wane in the Yoni Lordsz Party his leersip1 res-ponsibilitiles wer a.'iiedb the( o)-ran izajt*(I ios enra 'onmittee. Thle primar y spokesJ-mani for that committee as recently as Marchi 1973 -was Paldo GUZman111 somletJimles referred to asz .Yorilba". h1is influence, With the organization was demions trated in Soptember 1971, when hie wschos-en. as the representative of the Young Lor'ds Patyi who accompanied a, (ele(natimn from the Revolutionary- Union to Red Chinal. As spokesman for the, Youngr Lords Party is notable quotes, include:
Const- ructive violence is getting rid of a sytmthat's got mu all down in the hole. If I have a slingshot, I'll use it, and if I have a gun, I'll useo it. The only way to achieve liberation is by picking up guns, and we're moving our people in that direction.
WXe found that a lot of people thought we were there just to throw garbage In the street. They couldn't understand that we were really there to off the governnuent of the United States.
Since the, organization s iniception as the Youngr Lords. Guzman has been one of the primary individuals responsible for policy formulation antid overall coordliiatioil. Ile was a, co-founder of the Young Lords Organization in New York. Hie appeared in Chicago on O"ctober 11, 1969 'It a. press Conlferenice -with Jose JTiminlex anid leaders of the Blac-k Panther Party and Revolutionary You th Movemenit HI. Following that prescs con ference hie remained ighYlly visible and hiclv vocal as a1 mem11ber of the YLO, YLP. and the, PRRXVO.
Guzmnan wvas convicted of draft evasion on JanuarN -2, 72.95
4Lilocration NCICS SCPI.icC No. 3115, Alay 29, 1971, 1). 10.
41id 1). 10.
'~Palante, July 21. to August 4, 197,2, p. I.
A 1 r A rzlmsonr, op. cit., p. 11.
A~ Ibi d, Ip). 11 .
4 1P 1 171tf,.11 July 21 to Atiault 4, 1972, 1r. 1.
Abhranm!o4n, op. rit., p). S&
Vrir YonI: 7'imc.q, JInumiry 28, 1)972, 1p. 41.
-\ 1- York Tim, s., Novembewr 9, 1) 8,3.



Richie Perez was a member of the YLO and the YLP. As a member of the PRRWO he holds a position on the Central Committee. On March 31, 197:3 he attended the Attica Brigade Conference, and was present on April 8,. 1973 at a Guardian luncheon. iHe was last reported to be a profeor at Richmond College in New York.9DAVID PEREZ

David Perez was a co-founder of the YLO in New York, and held the position of -Minister of Defense. When the YLP was formed Perez became a Field Marshal on the Central Committee. He remained on the Central Committee when the PRRWO was formed. Perez was also named to be a member of the New York Regional Committee of the Venceremos i rigade.JUAN GONZALEZ

Gonzalez began his radical career in 1968 as a member of the SDS Strike Coordinating Committee at Columbia University. When he joined the YLO he was appointed Deputy Minister of Education. When the YLP was formed, he held positions on the Central Committee as Minister of Education and Minister of Defense. Gonzalez remained with the YLP when it became the PRRWO and retained his position on the Central Committee. ie was arrested in 19(68 on charges stemming from the University of Columbia riots, and served a thirty day sentence in 1969 on contempt of court charges."-l





The four above listed individuals are members of the Central Committee of the PRRWO.s8-8s

Xew York Daily News, June 15, 1971, p. 39; and The Movement, November 1969, pp.
8. 13.
3 Palante, July 21 to August 4, 1972. p. 1.
54Foreign Broadcast Information Service, September 24, 1971, p. A6; and Foreign Broadcast Information Service, October 6. 1971, p. A3.
>5New York Times, March 13, 1970. p. 27.
r Chicago Today, October 11, 1969.
57 Abramson. op. cit., p. 77.
New Yorlk Daily News, January 10, 1970, p. 16.
9 Yew York Post, March 23, 1970, p. 6.
GO Ibid, p. 6.
51 Palante, August 28, 1970, p. 20.
62Palante, July 21 to Auzust 4. 1972, p. 1.
63 Guardian, April 11. 1973. p. 4.
c Guardian, April 18, 1973.
c Liberation News Service No..414, February 19, 1972, p. 13.
6aNew Yor1: Times Magacine, June 7, 1970.
61 Abramson, op. cit., p. 8.
*s New York Times, June 7, 1970.
c Palante, August 28, 1970. p. 21.
70 Palante, July 21 to August 4, 1972, p. 1.
71 Abramson, op. cit., p. 9.
72 Ibid, p. 9.
3New York Times Magazine, June 7, 1970.
., (Continued)


Thip individualS, idTentified as belonging to the YLO, YLP, or PRZW() are listed below.

The Young lords Organ ization

Angel'- Criiz7 ALTosto Jose Luis Lind
IOUv P~i -I, hd aisLpz 117
.1:1111-01- (Thrtei' Omar LopezII'
L(MIii ('havez 8I'lao l .A ()IO "''
iAfat a :I "1ivihia 05J~ I1lko ''10
Allb-ito Ohivera 91Adrian 1un111
-]it hial ( liza Ru'lbanL as11

Liii94 ,eifri 114

An1 rol S. I1)ellkivero09 Al .f redo) ~Iis "

Idvl Da1ei(' ~l)Sf J( ea (i i'lo M rle 1

Al 11'a lerrero 100'" Travils -Noln 120
Ililda ta m 1to 101 Jo-e Orti 121
Noel I ton 12Ctarlos- Patrin 2 Joe J i IIinez 103 Bn1aol'
Lawrence JnS104 Bennie Perez 124
(Cei Ke(-gan '"'Robert Prendergraft 125

Op Ibi, T). 11.
~irk Times Mqquzmine, June 74, 1970.
\, Vo r,' Tiwets. I)I', emInbe cr 8. 196) ( 1 p. 5 3.
71 Atj irN lok 1T11; IJauaY 4, V1970, p). 61; and Palan te, August 28, 1970, p. 16.
~ it.1 J] 1 :21 it) Auigust 4, 1972, p 1.
I b~ t, uy21. to Awugust 4, 1972, p 1.
~: ;urt)z, arch 21 197 T3. p 5.
i 1;? (tc, JulI Y 2 1 to I,-, Ist 4, 1972, p 1.
PMO~ote -JIIy -'1 to August 4, 1972, p. 1.
lo ~ t Sf A?)'rrsion in the "A'e- Left", Part 7, op: cit., p. 10C6.
~" (h "' o 7Tribunew -~tni 5, 1969.
V~ r t c?,f Sbr.Hninl the ",New 1Left", Part 7, op. cit., p. 10G6.
c, H Ci(fl A Ar''er (eN. .336, April 21, 1971, p. 2.
ma ()ur~ rop. c: 1. p. 22.
r- I r( liI of11\t) I-( ,;o n i n t he "New Left", Part 3, op. cit., p. 211.
11,bid. Part 7. P, 1016.
STbe Mfo-cement, May19i ,p 4.
VhfI), FiOh.iruay/vtc 1ITO, p. 11.
'~The c- wolni Park J'es,.anuary 1970, pp. 4. 14.
~" './# ~ f Ybvr.~onin the "Newi Lef t", Part 7, op. cit., p. 10 6.
~~'P Ji'Aji ecwq Vere o. .3,ATril 21, 19 71, p. 1.
'" L et f .7) bce 1-io n in the 'Ncw, Lef t", P'art 74, op. cit., p. 1066.

('h Wao TibueApril 29. 1970, p. 1.
I icrtiq.\ws,ervict NO. ,96 April 21, 1071, p~p. 1-2.
f 7~x n f." eso in the "Newr Left"', Parts- :8. 7, op. elt., pp. 213, 1066R 1104.
('hj,,'aao Trbneprll 29", 1970, p. 2 ; and Extentt of Subversion in the "Ne Left"'*
P~ I7. u.cit.. p). 1066.
('huq 11 id0 04l, Setine 30, 1969, p. 3 ; and Extent or Subversion in the "New TIre f'', Pairt 7. op. E'I t. ). 1 016
If tu' (,f SO,,b rsion7 in? the "NwLeft", Part 7, op. cit., p. 1066.
IH I '. Iebru r I Mar7d CI1 19!7 T().1p. 11 .
I' t~'~ o ,~~~u'ersonin J:e -Norit Left", Part 7, op. cit., p. 1066.

~' I ri t f Tf Preriwuin 'h v Vete Ief t", Part 7, op. cit., p). 1066X.
'~ he oreaI, June 19619, p. 4.


Karyne Pritikin 128 Lydia Sanchez 135
Alba Ramos 12 Cisco Sherman
Manuel Ramos 128 Hector Torres 17
Carlos Rivera 129 Jose A. Torres 13
David Rivera 13 Cisco Vasquez 139
Manuel Rafael Riviera 131 Geofredo Vega 140
David Rodriguez 132 Ivan Vilella 141
Juan Rodriguez 133 Alio Villagomez 142
Herbert Rowan 134
The Young Lords Party

Gene Acosta 14 Hector Cruz 100
Mecca Adai 144 Aida Cuaseut '6
Mickey Agrait 145 "Daoud" 2
Louis Alvarez 146 Eddie Diaz 103
Carlos Aponte 147 Salvador Diaz 16
Bernadette Baken 148 Martha Duarte 165
Iris Benitez 149 James Estrada 10
Americo Berrios 1o Jenny Figueroa ~
Luis Canuelas s151 Herman Flores 1s8
Carmelo Castillo 152 Elena Gonzales !'I
Angel "Guilo" Cintron 15 Gloria Gonzalez 170
Gloria Colon 154 Juan Gonzalez 171
Anthony Copeland 155 Mirta Gonzalez 172
Pedro Rodriguez Cosme 158 Pablo "Yoruba" Guzman 173
Andre Cruz 15,7 Joseph I-Jill 174
Benjamin Cruz 158 Sonia Ivany 175
Gloria Cruz 169 Gilbert Jimenez 17s

22 Chicago Today, July 6, 1969.
117 The Lincoln Park Press, vol. 3. No. 1. January 1970, pp. 1, 4; and Extent of Subver. sion in the "New Left," Part 7, op. cit., P 1966.
s18 YLO, February/March 1970, p. 11.
11 Chicago Tribune, September 5, 1969.
120o Chicago Tribune, April 29. 1970, p. 2
121 Extent of Subversion in the "New Left," Part 7, op. cit., p. 106
122 New York Times, February 24, 1970. p. 47.
123 Extent of Subversion in the "New Left," Part 7, op cit., p. 106(6.
4 Chicago Today, September 30, 1969; and Extent of Subversion in the "New Left," Part 7. op. cit., p. 1066.
1- Extent of Subversion in the "'New Left," Part 7, op. cit., p 1066.
16 New Free Press, November 1969, p. 10.
12 Chicago Today, July 6, 1969.
28 Daily World, June 7, 1969, p. M-4.
1o Chicago Tribune, April 29. 1970. p. 2.
130o Chicago Today, August 13, 1969 ; and Extent of Subversion in the "New Left," Part 7, op. cit.. p. 1066.
13 Daily World, June 7, 1969, p. M-4; and The Movement, June 1969, p. 4; and Guardian, May 10, 1969, p. 2.
1a1 Extent of Subversion in the "New Left." Part 7. op. cit., ). 1066. 331 The Lincoln Park Press, April 1970, p. 3; and Chicago Tribune, April 29, 1970. p. 2. 134 Chicago News, September 29, 1969; and Extent of Subcrsion in the "New Left," Part 7, op. cit., p. 1066.
xa Imid, p. 1066.
136 Chicago Tribune, May 30, 1969. 237 Extent of Subversion in the "New Left," Part 7, op. cit., p 1066.
1 thid, p. 1066.
o30 Extent of Subversion in the "New Left," Parts 3 and 7, op. cit., p. 222, 1105. 10 The Lincoln Park Press, January 19-0. p. 12. 17 Extent of Subversion in the "New Left," Part 7, op cit., p. 1066. 142 Ramparts, op. cit., p. 21.
143 Palante, January 29, 1971, p. 17. 141 Abramson, op cit., p). 130.
1 Ibid, p. 126.
1s Extent of Subversion in the "New Left". Part 7, op. cit., p. 1066. 147* New York Times, September 5. 1970. p. 35. 1S P'alante, January 15, 1971. p. 9; and Palante, May 24 to June 6. 1971. p. ;18.


WveilvKrtist 177N v-lia

1 7t S e I.

I Z:1 j v m A L itieq11 waro I7 )1. v i

Mi~~v'~~l M rt iez SLoiAvaePre19

V jc Ir Matnz""lil I re

I l IilM()~edina 186!! [IVA~j

I rv Mo t'15ia Ekios

~ Iilu ',lil 4to 1, 171, i.19

i~~~t~ 2. 9 0.p 1
I' Th iuftio AI~', Ir4 Service AO, 1971,ar p. 2.2 .3 an ~tifr err

'~"\ U Pnk !qU, Nc~, ovee 2 1971, p.12
''s I'laneAnpru 29,o 19,71 p. .
~ P&~~r Maf5 1. !A1192, 1971 P.23
I~~~7icq Januai~flNwsS ry 1. 411) 7erur 97, p. fl 2.n ehneFbur
1'~~Xci YnL ''ime, \vemv'11 1, 197(), p. C52.
!'f~1~ut'r Marc 19 I- Avr 2t, 1 9.7, 1) 2.
I''ne ruus 28,'I 19. p 1.1. 4.
.'lncAr1 5, 1, 197, 8.:nn aa eAp 9t ay1 91 .6
\'e~r w': Tmes Jnumary 17, 190, p. 62.
:'~~\'cr Yrk im Noembr 1970. p. ('.
~~~~ ii- I~ in ri e~ er v 2, 19 70. 472.
~~~~~l the Par Tj, op cit. p.i 9 17 .4
~c 'or~ Tm R, anury17, 1970, p. 62.

l't wm 21) 1or) Ti 1. plar 197. p 1
~~~~i Yer V)r Tto e.Anuri 17, 190.1 p. -2.~~~'~ Ite I :f S I !-r ~ i- t1 -5.e Left" Part 7. 15.t. 0 6
~~ c' Yrk7'me>~' JnimarY 17, 1970, p. 62.

;c Va if Ic, Januar 29, 197illw 2, 1p. 1 15
Paiqn~c, 4. 1, 19 to, A1971, 197 p5 20
~--c Pnbotc Mayuar 29, 1971, p. 10.
Th" pr York, 7'ioc., Jan:ir 7, 1970, 36.

~'Phni, .1- -1- t,) 4un 6o1, 1971, .. 25.
ton 7, t#, \1 ai rx 29 97 19 -nd T1).i Wo).d 2o~ ule 1.97,p.
o r Tj n ; I I I ,~ erc -q %S I May .9 19 71, p. 10.
tcc or Ti ~ ac 7, 197, P. .
~~ I'aluntc, ay 2 tu Juie 19 1,.20
op cit., 11.
~ 'a-ne.'w 4 2o) T197, p., 21.
~~~~ Iaanc Jaurf1)791,p 0. 47

>'~~~~~~'~ 'lg l X v, S~ 9 u p. 1 0.
Pq~ n c, a 241o. lio fl, 1971. P. 10.
P,: 1.'n1 \t Fll,' 28, 19 f7 p 81.


Olgiiie Robles 20( Carlito Rovira 214

Pe1ro Rodriguez 207 (Carlos Rovira
Richie Rodriguez 208s Lulu Rovira "
Wilfredo Rojas209 Becky Serrano 17
Jesus Villanueva Roldan 210 Erika Sezonov 21s
Julio Roldan 211 Cleo Silvers 21
Juan Romero 212 D)avid Velasquez 20
Gilbert Rosario 213 Ilafael Viera 221

The Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organizationi

Mecca Adai 22 David Jacobs "
Kermit Beauchamp 223 Beverly Kruset 7
Ricardo Bertran 224 Valerie Laquer 238
Mecca Coleman 225 Lulu Limiardo 2.9
Gilberto Colon 226 Elsie Lopez 240
Juan Carlos Cortez 227 Willie Matos 241
Benjamin Cruz 28 Juan Molina 22
Carmen Cruz 29 Wilma Nunez 243
Felix Flores 230 Thomas Valle Ocampo )214
Gloria Fontanez 231 David Perez 24
Luis Gardner 23 Richie Perez 246
Manuel Gomez 233 Robert Pope 247
Juan Gonzalez 230 1 gui Robles 2-8 Pablo "Yoruba" Guzman 235

me New York Times, July 21, 1970, p. 36. 1') Daily World, January 20, 1970, p. 9. 2as Abramson, op. cit., p. 114. SPalante, April 5 to 19, 1971, p. 17. 210 Palante, December 23, 1971 to January 9, 1972, p. 5. '" New York Times, October 23, 1970, p. 35. 212 New York Times, January 17, 1970, p. 62. 213 Palante, January 29. 1971. p. 19. 211 Palante, April 5 to 19, 1971, p. 19. 21s Palante, February 19, 1971, p. 8. 216 Palante, July 4 to 18, 1971, p. 25. 217 Palante, January 15, 1971, p. 11. 218 New York Times, January 17. 1970, p. 62. 219 Palante, June 7 to 20, 1971, p. 6. ""' New York Times, January 17, 1970, p. 62. 2' YLO, vol. 2, no. 6. February 1970, pp. 1, 11. 222 Palante, September 1 to 14, 1972, p. 11. '2' Palante, October 25 to November 7, 1972, p. 4. 224 Palante, October 11 to 24. 1972. p. 5. 225 Palante, December 20. 1972 to January 2. 1973. p. 9. 228 Palante, November 22 to December 5, 1972, p. 3.
2 Palante, October 11 to 24, 1972, p. 7. 228 Palante, September 1 to 14, 1972, p. 11.
2 Palante, November 22 to December 5. 1972, p. 9.
2 1o Palante, September 1 to 14, 1972, p. 4. 231 Palante, December 20, 1972 to January 2, 1973, p. 9.
2 Palante, October 25 to November 7, 1972, p. 8. 21 Palante, November 8 to 21, 1972, p. 2. Palante, December 20. 1972 to January 2. 1973. p. 9. 27' Palante, September 20 to October 12, 1972, p. 5. 26 Palante, November 22 to December 5, 1972, p. 6. 237 Palante, October 25 to November 5. 1972, p. 7. 1a3 Palante, November 8 to 21, 1972, p. 3. 2" Palante, September 29 to October 12, 1972, p. 7. 240 Palante, October 25 to November 7, 1972, p. 5. 241 Palante, July 7 to 21, 1972, p. 13. 242 Palante, December 20, 1972 to January 2, 1973, p. 9.
4 Palante, October 25 to November 7, 1972, p. 3. 24 Palante, November 22 to December 5, 1972, p. 2. 245 Palante, November 8, to 21, 1972, p. 8. 216 Palante, July 21 to August 4, 1972, p. 1. 47 Palante, November 8 to 21, 1972, p. 4. 21s Ibid, p. 4.

Elba S-mvedra
Mirimil lZodrigilez '2 0 i iiadolupe 'Forres
Pat Rokli-Hytiez 254

1, 1 ti t r, Ortoli-r I I to 24, l.i72, p. 7.
2- 1 le-i-ji hor 211, 1! t Ja Tj t-.:i ry 19 7 3, p
tb 21, 1.)72. P. 'I. n JlilN ''I to A licli, 4, 1972, 1). 1.
fr. 11 To 24. 197". p .
I I or I 2' V 2. tL

The organizational structure of the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization has been as amorphous as its leadership. During the evolution of the PRRWO, changes in organizational structure have coincided with major leadership changes.
The YLO's organization was para-military in nature being "organized into ministerial divisions with specified lines of authority and levels of responsibility." 1 The Chairman and National Central Committee in Chicago envisaged a tri-level structure, consisting of a national level, four regional levels, and state chapters within each of the fifty states. The organizational plan was both detailed and farreaching; however, this plan was never fully implemented because the YLO never attained a sufficient membership. April of 1970 marked the greatest degree of organization the YLO attained: 2
East Coast Regional Office New York: El Barrio branch; Newark, N.J. branch; Bronx branch.
Central Regional Office Chicago: Chicago branch.
West Coast Regional Office Heywood, California: Heywood branch.
The ruling body of the or anization responsible for policy forrmulation was the national Central Committee at National Headquarters in Ch.agoo. The Central Conmmnittee consisted of a Chairman, a Chief of Staff. a Field Marshal: and Ministers of Informnation. Education, Finance, and HIealth. The or-anization's clmin of leadership extended
froim the nationally Central Coin- "
from the national centrall Committee to th'e regional Central Committes. and from the regional Central Commilttees to the Central Staffs of the State chapters. Branch ofices were responsible directly to the State chapter and were headed by a captain. In some instances particular individ,:s played dual roles in the YLO. For example,
4"} ", *1 -'
when the New York state chapter became responilo"e {or the East Coast Region the Central Staff became the Regional (entral Cornmittee, the indi(vidu]s on the Central Staff remained the same and assumed the responsibilities of both the Central Staff and the Regional Central Committee:
1 Ramparts, October 1970. p. 19.
SThe graph is a reconstruction of facts provided by the following sources: Ab:'amson, Michael, Palan te Young Lords Party, McGraw-Hill lBook Company, 1971,
p. S-12, and Lopez, Alfredo, The Puerto Rican Papers, The Bobbs-Merrill Company,
Inc., 1973. pp. 321-339.
3 Liberation News Service No. 319, February 20, 1971, p. 6. SPersons and positions graphically depicted are a reconstruction of facts provided by the following sources:
Ramparts, October 1970, pp. 20-24.
Liberation News Service No. ,36, April 21, 1971, p. 2.
Chicago Today, August 13, 1969.
Chicago Today, September 30. 1969, p. 3.
Chicacgo Sun-Times, August 13, 1970.
Chicago News, September 29, 1969.
Daily World, June 7, 1969, p. M-4.
New York Times Magazine, June 7, 1970.
New York Times, January 17, 1970, p. 62.
New York Times, December 8, 1969, p. 53.
New York Times, January 4, 1970, p. 61.

1: .1 1111illez.
(Am C (If S it It 11': 'T 11 I't 'I ('11evila. Vield kl: I r I I, t] I )a x,A( I I Z I vc I -a I ZImy G m-1.1-a 'k. Toviv z.
... .....
11/,:t 0 I I I a IT "d I(.;[ I Hill N ;[ f:w l I"
Alfi.cdo Mvti 11'erbelt
lic:111il A j 0 11 VV I'll.

0) ST 11ZL(NO-NAT, ("NEAV 1'ORK)
Chairman: Fclip(t IIwiallo.

111forillatiml: P',11)1() Glizillan.
Ed I Ica t I ml : .11 la 11 ( i () I I Z, I I e Z.
113 1 1AV J I I, 111 ( )vt i Z.
)vf;,Jj_ I ),Ivid PenIz.

I V I f! 1111,1 T1 : Felipe Luciano.
Afillist(Is. of
111fommatioll : 1)ablo Glizinall.
1"ducatimi : Juan (3onzalez.
Finance: Juan Ortiz.
Defense: David, Perez.
It should be noted that, the individuals oil the East, Coast Ikcgrimial CcTitral Cmimlittee 'are t1w saine -(is tbe members of the New' Yoi-k C( Iltral t4fnfy. 11,110re nl( )re th,In olle appears lender a title. on the Natiollal fie subsequently replaCed tfic- person directly
lwfolv billl. The exact, date 'aliv of the abovo persolls :1 ;Illlled a, position i 4 11"A knowil; however., Rol:v Guerra was Field Manshal as of Au10". 1,970." Joze Torres had replaced him as of Octol)(,r
1970.") Omar Lopez had replaced Luis Cuza, as, of October 190 M4111110 Maillos, died oil _Nray 4, 1" 69 mid -v, s succcc(1(-1 by Alf redo Vtltitl z. ATatitts Was J*el)lflcctd by Herbert Rowan as of September 29, 19 69. 1
Whell tile YIJO split and tile Young Lords J'arty formed. tile,
snme, !ztnicturv was retaiiied. The most notable chailgre was the YLVS 'Ibilif v toatti-act, iwiv membei-s mid forin nmv branclies. bi'May of 1970
the A-TAJP appvalvd as follows

4 It 7' Bronx
Central Cm-limittee: EI Barrio braiich; -Newark, N.J., Twallch.
I'lle El Barrio brallch was also ref(,rj.(t(j to :vs the Ft)Qt,, Harlem
It NN-,qs fol-jile(l t tile tillle of tile (tre. tion of tile New York

Sitti-Timcs, Aiig ust 1), 1970.
1' Ompartx, op, Mt.. ji. 20.
1 2 1
Cbicfvlo Yelrx, '-Zopfembor 29, 1969.
A bramson, op. cit., pp. 1.


branch of the YLO in July of 1969. The Newark branch was formed in October 1969 and the Bronx branch was formed in April of 1970.1"
Fourteen months later in June of 1971,. the Yomg Lords Party had expanded to eleven branches in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Puerto Rico with organizational efforts being carried out in Milwaukee. Wisconsin." In additiOn to the El Barrio. Newark, and Bronx branches; the YLP opened branches in Hoboken, New Jersey and on the Lower East Side of New York City in August of 1970: 12 in Philadelphia. Pennsylvania (August 1970); in Ponce, Aguadilla, and Cano, Puerto Rico (March 1971); 14 in Bridgeport, Connecticut (January 1971); and formed the Inmates Liberation Front (October 1970)' 6 and the New 65th Infantry (June 1971) .1 Reports published in April, 1971 indicated that the YLP was organizing a branch in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.8
El Barrio branch, 1678 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10029; Newark, N.J. branch; Bronx branch, 315 Cypress Avenue, Bronx. New York.
Lower East Side branch, 256 East 3rd Street, New York, New York 10009; Hoboken, N.J. branch: Philadelphia branch, 154 North Franklin Avenue. Philadelphia, Penna. Bridgeport branch, 393 East Main Street, Bridgeport. Connecticut; New 65th Infantry; Inmates Liberation Front.
Ponce, P.R. branch; Aguadilla, P.R. branch; El Cano, P.R. branch.
The increased number of branches in the Young Lords Party was accompanied by changes in its governing body. When the New York Lords broke away from Chicago the East Coast Regional Central Committee/Central Staff redesignated itself as the Central Committee. This was rapidly followed by the ouster of the Chairman, Felipe Luciano: and the creation of a Chief of Staff, a Field Marshal, and a Minister of Health. By August of 1970 the Central Committee appeared as follows: 9
Chief of Staff: Juan Ortiz.
Field Marshal: David Perez and Gloria Gonzalez. Ministers ofInformation: Pablo Guzman.
Defense and Education: Juan Gonzalez.
Finance: Denise Oliver.
Health: Iris Benitez.
o10 Ibid, pp. S-12.
11 Liberation News Service No. 316, April 21. 1971. p. 2. 12 New York Times, September 5, 1970, p. 35; and Pala.nte, August 28, 1970, p. 12. P' Palante, August 28. 1970, p. 10.
14 Palante, February 20, 1971.
I- Liberation News Service No. 345, May 29, 1971, p. 10. 1o Daily World, November 1 3. 11970, p. 9.
17 Liberation. News Service No. 5.1, June 26. 1971. p. 5. SLiberation News Service No. 3..6, April 21, 1971, p. 2. Palate, August 28, 1970, pp. 16-18.


Juan Ortiz moved from Minister of Finance to Chief of Staff. David lPerez, who had been Minister of Defense, became a Field Marshal jointly with Gloria Gonzalez.0 Juan Gonzalez assumed Perez's responsibilities as Minister of Defense in addition to his previous responsibility for education. D)enise Oliver joined the YLP in October of 19C9, and rose through the ranks to become Minister of Finance. She left the YLP in March of 1971 and joined the Eldridge Cleaver faction of the Black Panther Party.2' Iris Benitez appeared as Minister of Ihealth in February of 1970, but had left the Central Committee byv Marcli of 1971.
When the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization was formed in July of 1972. the Central Committee structure was retained; however, the titles were eliminated. The Central Committee of the IRHW() consisted of nine members. Pablo Guzman, David Perez, and Juan Gonzalez remained members of the governing Central Cornmitt ec; and Richie Perez. Gloria Fontanez, Carmen Cruz, Willie Matos, Elba Saauedra, and Lulu Limardo were added as members.2 By March of 1973 the twelve branches of the YLP had decreased to four: in Boston, Philadelphia, New Jersey, and Connecticut.24
S.\Abramson, op. cit.. p. 11.
2 Nwe York Times, November 11, 1970, p. C52; and Abramson, op. cit., p. 12.
-The Moement, February/March 1970; and Liberation N'ews Service No. 323, March 6 1971, p. P-5.
Palante. July 21 to August 4, 1972, p. 1.
S* ew York Post. March 23, 1973, p. 6.

The objectives of the Young Lords Organization and the Young Lords Party were established in a "13 Point Program and Platform":
1. We want self-determination for Puerto Ricans-Liberation on the island and inside the United States.
2. We want self-determination for all Latinos.
3. We want libOeration of all Third World people.
4. We are revolutionary nationalists and oppose racism.
5. We want community control of our institutions and land.
6. We want a true education of our Creole culture and Spanish language.
7. We oppose capitalists and alliances with traitors.
8. We oppose the Amerikkkan military.
9. We want freedom for all political prisoners.
10. We want equality for women. Machismo must be revolutionary not oppressive.
1I. We fight anti-communism with international unity.
12. We believe armed self-defense and armed struggle are the only means to liberation.
13. We want a socialist society.
To accomplish the above objectives the YLO and YLP resorted to acts of civil disobedience. These illegal activities were designed to have maximum political impact on the community. Both the YLO and YLP sought to create community support for their programs by exploiting popular social issues.
The tactical approach of the YLO and YLP was basically the same. An institution in the community, such as a church, school, or hospital, was presented with a number of demands. If the demands were not met to the YLO's or YLP's satisfaction, then they would seize propertv belonging to the institution and remain in possession until the institution met the demands or agreed to negotiate. The YLO and YLP tried to choose institutions which were thought to be sympathetic to their demands, thereby avoiding police intervention in most instances.
These types of activities were described by the YLO in terms of offensives. In Chicago. from December 1968 until June 1970 the YLO launched five offensives: the urban renewal offensive, the university offensive, the Seminary offensive, the church offensive and the hospital offensive. The urban renewal offensive commenced in December of 196S when the YLO staged a demonstration at the Bissel Realty Company. The YLO alleged that the realty company had been instrumental in removing Puerto Ricans from the Lincoln Park area of Chicago. Dissatisfied with the results of the previous demonstration, the YLO returned on January 11th and created a disturbance for which the leader of the YLO, Jose Jiminez, was arrested.2 The next target was
1 Pa7qnte. Amiust 28. V).7. p. 2, see appendix, p. 45.
2 The Movcme,-nt, May 199, p. 4.

0 )

tile LiTI('llITI. Pai-k Cw;imunitv Cmisem-ation Couricil, a ri-oul) residing
d 11 1 .11-14 :t Iva NN I t I t I le iv-- )l 1 4 I IVIA"Ilt I 11V t lie
N le N t t I I e I I I t I I I I I f 1 1.1 a I I R ene va I )Il J allI I :I 1-v it it'll )k I W I ic Invet 111cr
Tv i I Ic v 111 e I I I I i's () f t I ie "m incil, bi-()ke fi i rn I t I i I,(, and
%\Illdm v- 11101 --Ilcl-eeded III olist'llptillir Hie jilectill(r.:1 sillid".11. (1,
(d' I'll(V C illc( 1'111_(rS .2()111 :111d '1111Y
)I Iwr IN-(q.e (11 41-111)ted by tile YLO. 011
r1j: I rv an (I mi I )eceinber 9fil 7 j1l()Ijo-.(,_C onimunity AVorksliops
\N (I IV d i < ru pt ed by t Iie A'D ). Oil J ifly 3 Ist the Lincoln Pzi i-k area school
T111i "I -(r rl-( )111) illect i II(r vas disrlipte(I.R
N- ()tT(,lI,_J I I I T1
We W:Is directed a(r.iinst two universities, 011 Mlv 9, 1909 t1j(' Ylj() S(.11111iff, Hall at. De ])all]
Vnivci- -IiN% On Mn 2 )ii(t die I-LO, Stlld( Tlt', for a Democratle So(- (-. t N-, A'() I 111(r P:it i-i( )k Or(ranization Black I )'111 t I I V r I ','I I't V., 'I TI (I Lal a View 1-outfi Coiaicil ocetipied the 22-101 floor of tile :)(IiIiIIII-41"at 1011 bjI*I(ljjl(r -,it, tbe campus of the. University of llhnois,
'I"Ite (wctiptttion filsted only forty minutes, ending Wll('Tl the President of tli(, univers-ity threaten d to expel participating students ,in(l hi-III(V (11*1111111:1 It re ptlss Cli:i rcrvs -,I (-rainst (,III others.9
'Fliesviniiinr y offensive commence(I oil "11ay 14, 19W) when the YLO sijppw le(l I)v tlie -Stuillents for a Democrati I
e Society, Young Patriots
()j-,r jjj11,jt ()Il. Black Active and Determined, ,m(l 6e. Concerned Citizen,, Frout olreupied the, W. Clement Stone Administi-stion
Kidding of the McCormick Theolocrical Seminary." Eleven d,,Ivs prior to Hie commencement of the occupation the YfjO bad presento'.d fli( cviiiiii.try with a of demands:
%A.1. 'I'liat 11cCormick Seminarv turn Over to tile (.01111111111itv, 601.000 for l low co. -.;f- bousincr development.
Tli,-if 'McCormick provide (-I bijil(ling an(I recrelitional facilitiefo 1' 11 C ('110 pe ra t i vc- (I :I A- rt, ce I l t e r.
1,11.1f :III tl p- 0,111tlits oww'(1, by Afccorilliek "Ifld renteo-1 to people in t1w community should be, rented to poor and working class

"4. I'llat tile f(,11(.(, :11-ound AfWoi-iiiick sboiihl ]to torn down.
il. We Ild t-11, f tile tone buil(linlcr be madto viilnble to tile
Piivilo Rican (101111"111ITlity for the cre,,itiori of a Puerto Rielln, CV11ter tO pre- VTWP qnd .,frencrtben our cultural and bistorilral herifiilrye :111d, to tninswit. Olese N-1111les to other peoples in our community 'I TI J III ( IIi( a.0'0. If it i,- f0lITI(l mututtilly qdvanfilzeolls to the McCormick Setniiulrv .iiid to the Youncr Lords Orcninization. we propose that tI)V "40111111i'll"-V TWIke ftVqilable to the Young Lords Organization siiffirielit to piirelin :o the property of Armitage-Dayton Methodist
(1iiii-ch to be made, the Puerto Riean;Cultural Center.
3 1?,i(f. n. 4 : and Extent of Rnbrrrjition in the "Neir Left", Part 7, Rearinaq before the 1-; 1) lwi I'll Tiflt tvp ti ) 'Invil-titmte the AtiiiinfOratiOn Of tile Tnternal S*eeiirity m :17id mbor qowiji-ity Tpv- ()r the 0tmmittoe On the Jiidiciary, United States- Senate. 91qt Ses"ioTi. T), 1().A.
4, 1'rtrsit of W,l rn iop in the "New Left". Part op. cit., p. 1055.
CJiicaqo Trilorne. Jiily '10. 19(39 see. 2, n. 12
Thr 1fol-7Plcnt, Alay If)69, 1). 5 ; and L*xtent of Subversion in the "New Left," Part 7, Op it.. T). 10:11.
E'.rtcut r)( Subversion in the -1.Vrzr Left". Part 7, op. cit., p. 10A0.
Ch;(,(1qo Triblille. Aw-'ll-t 1, J!Wl) : in(] Chicago Daily A'Clrlf, A11911st 1, 1' 6' rhi(, 'J'od(111. A lw l1-:t 1 11
c1lie(lio 11969 : and Chicago Tribilne. Ma\ 196( P. :11 aill] chicaar)
7,1.0) i)lr. )1,1 10. 1969. 1), 1' 9.
7 lie Mol cmv lt, J111w 196,9, 1). 4 ; and Chicago Sun Times, May 16, 1969, P. 46.


"6. That McCormick extend a grant in the amount of $25,0(00 to the Young Lords Organization to be used in a community leadership development program and in the continuation and strengthening of the work of protecting and serving our poor community.
". That McCornmick actively support the efforts of the ILatin .Anerican Defense Organization to end the arbitrariness of the Cook County Department of Public Aid in its dealing with Welfare Recipients Defense groups.
"Specifically, we demand that McCormick p)lblically support the three demands that LADO, along with the Wicker Park Coalition for Welfare Rights, have submitted to David Daniel, Director of the Cook County Department of Public Aid, and to George Dunn, President of the Cook County Board of Commissioners:
"(1) Renioval of WValter A. Cuminghlmm, District Office Suiiervisor and James Patterson, Assistant Office Supervisor, for their lack of sensitivity to the needs and the human dignity of welfare
recipients at the Wicker Park Public Aid Office.
"(2) Voice of the community served by the Wicker Park Office
in the selection of a new director of the office.
"(3) Voice in the interpretation and implementation of welfare
laws and regulations at the Wicker Park office level.
"We demand that this support be expressed in letters to David Daniel, Director of the Cook County Department of Public Aid and to George Dunn, President of the Cook County Board of Commissioners.
"8. That McCormick extend a grant of $25,000 to the Latin American Defense Organization to further the aims of creating a strong organization for welfare recipients in our community.
"9. That McCormick publicly oppose and (condemn the political persecution carried out by the city of Chicago against poor peoples' organizations such as the Black Panther Party, the Latin American Defense Organization, and the Young Lords Organization. McCormick must demand from the respective authorities that charges
arising out of political arrests be dropped by the complaining institutions, namely, the Department of Urban Renewal, Cook County Department of Public Aid. Chicago Police Department, the City of Chicago, and the State's Attorney Office. The Young Lords Organization and the Wicker Park Welfare Office Dependents and, in particular, Jose "Cha Cha" Jiminez and Obed Lopez must not be jailed and punished for their beliefs in justice and for their concern for their community's rights.
"10. That McCormick extend a 'seed money' grant in the amount of $25,000 to establish a legal bureau controlled by the poor peoples organizations (the attorneys to be chosen by the organizations to work full time for them, and to be responsible only to them.) n
On Sunday, May 18thl the seminary agreed to meet the demands and the protesters vacated the building."
On June 8th the Board of Directors of the Armitage Avenue Methodist Church voted not to allow the YLO the use of the church for office space, a day care center, a breakfast program and for a liberation school. On June 11th the YLO reacted to the Board's decision by seizing the church.13 Jose Jiminez summed up the situation: "The
1 The Movement, June 1969. p. 5.
12 The Militant, May 30. 1969, p. 13.
13 Chi(ago Sun-Times, June 12, 1969.


church is not reSponsive to the needs of the conununity. . We want to rent it (the church ) if t hey will rent. . We will buy it if they want to sell. If they don't want to sell we will stay anyway." The hoard capitulated to the YLO's demands and agreed to rent space to the YLO for olices and a day care center."
The hospital of1esive conmnenced on June 15. 1970 when forty memhers of the YLO staged a "sit-in" at Grant Hospital to demand that the hospital provide assistance to the YLO's health program.10 The "sit-in" listed for two hours.
In New York "he YLO also conducted a series of ofTensives designed to elicit support for their 13 Point Program and Platform. From July 1969 to March 1972 the YLO conducted five offensives: the garbage Offensive, Peoples' Church I, Lincoln Hospital, Peoples' ChurchI I I. and Offensiva Rompe Cadenas.'7 In addition to these offensives the YLO/YLP conducted other activities which will be mentioned after discussing the offensives.
The Garbae Offensive commenced on July 27, 1969 when the YLO erte(ld barricades of garbage across 3rd Avenue at 110th Street in New York City." The offensive lasted until September 2, 1969. According to the YLO. the offensive was initiated because the Sanitation Department of New York City refused to clean the streets of El Barrio, or provide the YLO with the equipment to do it themselves." However, the primary reasons for the offensive were: "to use a reform issue for revolutionary purposes". .co and . ."to off the government of the United States." 21
Peoples' Church I commenced on December 7, 1969 when the Board of Trustees of the First Spanish Methodist Church refused to allow the YLO to use the church during the week for a breakfast program, day care center, and a liberation school.2 Outraged at the Board's rejection of their demands, the YLO disrupted services at the church resulting in the arrest of thirteen members of the YLO.23 Following the arrests the YLO staged a rally and protest march.4 "That bust helped us do more propaganda than leafletting and knocking on doors for weeks had done." 25 When church officials remained adamant on their refusal of the YLO's demands, the YLO retaliated by seizing the church on December 28, 199.2" The next day the YLO opened the church for a breakfast program, health program, and liberation school.I The church's Board of Trustees reacted to the YLO's seizure of the church by seeking an injunction in New York's State Slupreme Court.2 The court granted the injunction on January 2, 1970. When the YLO was presented with the court's order, they refused to honor it.29 Instead they offered to negotiate with the Board.-o An attempt
4 (hicago n-Tines, June 12, 199.
Chicao n-Times. June 16, 1969.
1 Extent of Rubrersion in the "Ner Left", Part 7. op. ,Liberation NNo.. rrice A ?. 81, February 27. 1971. p. 14.
RIamprts, October 1970. p. 23.
Ahramnion, Michnel. Palante Young Lords Party, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1071, p. 10.
The forement, Novemher 1969, p. 13.
2 \Abramson, op. cit., p. 77.
2- New Yorl: Times, DeeIber 15, 199, p. 32.
Ra,[mports., op. cit.. p. 23.
New York Time.<, Deccbnr R, 1969, p. 53.
The Morement. Fehriuarv/March 1970, p. 10.
Ve ir York Times, Decebner 29, 1969, p. 26.
Yer York Times. Deember :10. 1969, p. 30.
Yur York Times, Di december :,. 1!969. p. 1.
= 1crr Yorf Time. J.Tanu-iry 4. 1970, p. 61.
York Daily Ac w, January 5, 1970, p. 20.


to pressure the Board into negotiations occurred the next day when the Students for a Democratic Society of Columbia University and students from the Union Theological Seminary occupied offices belonging to the United Methodist Church of New York.31 The YLO's refusal to honor the State Supreme Court's injunction resulted in the court's issuance of arrest warrants for the occupiers of the First Spanish Methodist Church.32 The sit-in at the offices of the United Methodist Church ended the next day and the arrest warrants were executed on January 8th.33 One hundred five members of the YLO voluntarily submitted to arrest and were taken into custody by the police.34 On Sunday, January 11th, members of the YLO disrupted services at seven Methodist churches in New York to again voice their demands.35
Although January 26th had been set as the hearing date for the YLO members who had been arrested in the church, Judge Saul S. Streit postponed the hearing until February 24th. The postponement was granted at the request of church officials who were in the process of negotiating with the YLO over their demands.36 Following several negotiating sessions the YLO and officials of the church announced that a partial agreement had been reached: t'lhe' church officials agreed to drop criminal contempt charges, establish a day care center and a drug treatment program.
On July 14, 1970, the YLP turned its attention to New York's Lincoln Hospital by occupying its School of Nur,,sing. The YLO presented the hospital with a series of demands: (1) That there be no cutback in jobs or services, (2) That the construction of the new hospital be brought to a rapid completion, (3) That the hospital establish a program in the community for door-to-door preventive health care, (4) That the hospital provide a day care center for the children of hospital patients, (5) That the Health Services Administration provide additional funds, (6) That the hospital establish a round the clock grievance staff, (7) That the hospital pay employees a mnimnum wage Of $,140 per week, and (8) That the hospital create a. community-worker bc.ard with overall administrative responsibility.38 Having presented their demands to the hospital, the YLP left the same day. (The YLO had become the YLP as of July 1970. Four days after the YLP presented their demands to the hospital, they were joined by the Health Revolutionary Unity Movement and the Think Lincoln Committee in the seizure of Lincoln Hospital.31 The hospital medical board decided that it would negotiate with the YLP. The YLP and other militants who had occupied the hospital began intimidating the professional staff to such a degree that within eleven days following the takeover twelve pediatricians had walked off the job and refused to return until the militants left.40 When a
31 New York Daily News, January 6, 1970; and National Catholic Reporter, January 14, 1970.
32 New York Daily News, January 7. 1970, p. 26. 33 New York Times, December 29, 1969, p. 26.
u New York Times, January 8, 1970. p. 28.
New York Tim s, January 12, 1970, p. 17.
Daily World, February 3, 1970, p. 9; and New York Times, January 8, 1970, p. 28; and New York Tirnme, February 3, 1970, p. 20.
37New York Daily News, February 25, 1970, p. 16. SWas~hington Star, July 15, 1970, p. 17; and New York Times, July 15, 1970, p. 38; and New York Daily Ners, JTi:y 15, 1970, p. 5.
1* Ramparts, op. cit.. p. 24.
'O New York Times, July 30, 1970, p. 24.


yugPulerto) lx'icarn rii'l (lied N\hile ultit erg,-oinig an abOr-tion, the
VIIkidnape1d thle chie f of0141e rics and1( grynec(Olg. I).Jsp
S. Smith. aind threatened b11111 with bhdil h 1r if h10 returlnedI to
T eh)1ia,'Ihis, acio by thle Y'LP r'ause4d twvenlty-seven dloctors
to havethe h~s~t~lin Iprt)t(';t Their departures frMi tHie ho(spiltal ,ra~d :an --1 Ill ehralhhe sit 1natioui.-"-' The hiospi1tal sought. relief in the i~wlrt- an1d was (ri-Mnted a re.stra.ining (er b(''Iarring the YLP from
the iOSJit~l43
Il'ie lPoq)le's Church IT offeiis '- 0 was5 p)1ecipit atedI byA the( death of Julio Rolblan,. a member of the Young'i Lords Party. Roldan was arl1-e4ted onI October 13, 197() and chargedI with attemipted arson. Ile wats T Icar11cer' te f(l( in the Tomnbs inl New York City. Three dayIs later he, was, found changed ill hIs cell1.44 On October 19.. 1970. following the
funeal )roces,-sionl for Roldan, a, "numnber of Young Lords; appeared o n thie stvps (of the, First Spanish Methlodist Church'1) with automT~atic Nvea1pons carb~ines and1 pistols and forced their way In. As in the first: occu(iq)atiolI of the church, church officials soughrlt r-elief in the cour-ts. On NKovember 17, 1970, the State Supreme Court of New York gI'rallted the church a. show cause order acrainst the YLP .411 When the City oflicials rejected the YLP's demands for an independent investi"Tat 1()f into Rollan's death the YLP refused to honor01 the show cause Mi'der' andl remained in the church.~7O November 30, 1970 thle Stat Supreme Court. is-uedl at vacate order and the YLP left the church.4
,riie (ffensiva Rompe Cadenas, or Off With the Chains Offensive wasI" sc,hdled to comitence, on MAarch 21, 1971. On that date proude(lpendence, rallies were held in Ponce, Puerto Rico; New York (2ity. Philade'lphia, BridgepDort. Connecticut andl Syracuse, New York. 49
Thle Offensiva, Romnpe Cadenas was designed to rally support and lead to tile evenltu mAl independence of Puerto iRico. On June 13, 1971 the A-I J dis-rupt& d the annual Puerto Rican IDay Parade in New York (City. but thjis was the onily act ufl(Iertdkell in support of the Offensive

In aitifion to the offensives the YLO/YLP conducted other activities of anl illegal. nature. On June 7, 1970 the YLP disrupted the annual P~uerto Rican D~ay P~arade in New York City. 'While passing the rev-iewing stand "a, volley of tomatoes, oranges and eggrs went fliing( out of thle ir midst."' On June 17, 1971,0 the YTAP conmnandeered a nilile TB1 chest, x-ray truck. 'The YIAP proceeded to several locations within the Puerto Rican community where they conducted tuberculosis tests with the aid of personnel from the Health Services Admninistratiomi who had been captured with the truck.52 The next day the I ealth Services Administration agreed to let the YLP keep the truck
'I New York Times, August 28, 1970, p. 2S.
42NwYork DailyI NeCtr, August 28, 1970, p. 3.
"New York Times, August 28, 1970, P. 28.
"Dailil World, October 20, 1970. p. 9; and N ew York Times, October 23, 1970, p. 35. 4S1' Newi York Tbmes, October 19, 1970, p. 18.
~New rk Tim es, November 18, 1970,1p. 51.
VNew York Time, Oc(tober 23, 1970, p. 35.
Newr York, Times, I)ecinher 1, 1970,1p. 51.
"'Liberation? ANews 'Serrice No. .n28, March 24, 1971, p. 14;, and New York Tim e, March 22, 1671, p). 8 ; ind1( Newn York Daily A-ews,, 'March 22. 1971, p. 6.
~Washinqtoni 1)atlil Newis, June 14, 1971, p. 9); and Washington Star, Jimpn 14. 1971, pA -8 :I nd L,''pIibrato Acw CISrrie No. 3150, Junie 16, 1971, p. 12; ,ind New York Daily N r, Jine 1-5, 171, p). .
Vcirw York 7Tim C, June S. 1970, p. 811.
A Xc v' York 1zTimes, June 18, 1970, p. 44.


as long as they felt it was needed. The YLP returned the truck oni the 19th.54
On November 6. 1970 the Philadelphia branch of the YLP occupied the Kings Way Church with the consent of the ministe r, Father Robert Zepernick.55 On February 4, 1971 the New York YLP closed down Junior High School #13.6 On March 14 1972 Pablo Guzman, the Minister of Information for the YLP, was sentenced to serve two years in prison for draft evasion.57 Four days later the YLP held a demonstration to protest his sentence. During the demonstration the Manufacturers Hanover Bank was firebombed and three members of the YLP were arrested and charged with the firebombing.5 The oftensives and other activities of the Young Lords Party ended with the emergence of the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization.
From June 30th to July 3rd of 1972 the YLP held its "first and last" National Congress in New York City. When the Congress ended the Young Lords Party emerged as the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization dedicated to the creation of a "multinational communist party in the United States . to replace the Comunist Party U.S.A." 6o The impetus for this change in the YLP originated in Red China. In October of 1971 Pablo Guzman accompanied a delegation of the Revolutionary Union to Red China where he l met with Chou En-lai and Kuo Mo-jo.61 According to Guzman, "I sat down with some comrades and gave them a report on the situation in the U.S . The Chinese Communists criticized the Lords for their "lumpen" orientation and for their belaboring of the issue of independence for Puerto Rico." 6The Red Chinese "prodded" the Young Lords leader to change the organization's approach and direction. At the behest of the "comra,,, ,es" the YLP staged its National CongTress nine months after Guzman's return. But Guzman had decided by February how the new organization would be set up.Y' The PRRWO eliminated its independence operation in Ponce, El Cano, and Aguadilia, Puerto Rico.1* Its former tactics of civil disobedience and confrontation were exchanged for the tactics of infiltration. Since July of 197' the PRRWO has surfaced infrequently, most often they have appeared( at radical lectures. forums and luncheons as well as some( demionstrations and rallies. The PIRRUWVO has been working in a clanidestine manner since 1972, in an attempt to infiltrate labor unions.'" Their current timetable calls for the organization to resurfa.ce in 1976 or 1977.6
In chronological order, the activities of the PRRWO since August of 1972 are as follows: On August 18, 1972 the PRRWO held a deimon6 New York Daily News, June 19, 1970, p. 26.
5 New York Daily News, June 25. 1970, p. 40.
65 The Militant, November 20, 1970, p. 15.
6 New York Daily News, February 5. 1971, p. 69.
5 Liberation News Service No. 412, February 5, 1972. p. 3. Liberation News Service No. 422, March 29, 1972, p. 12.
5 Guardian, July 12, 1972, p. 5.
650o New York Post, March 23. 1973. p. 6.
61 Northern Virginia Sun-Times, October 27, 1971; and Foreign Broadcast Itformiation Service, October 6, 1971, p. A3.
62 New York Post, March 23. 1973, p. 6.
C. Liberation News Service No. 414 February 19, 1972, p. 14. 61 New York Post, March 23, 1973, p. 6.
6 Ibid, p. 6.
67 lbid, p. 6.

Y I I I "It nitt, (I N":it iwi- t() ur(re t I I(, V N. Special ("m I I I I I it tee oil
)11,*()11)Il1xII '1011 TO C()Il,-- IdkI1* thO Mn (4 I'llerto Ri(.1111 imlevll.idOfitT., III Sept(.111bel. tile o I ( ns' C 0
'WO 'It'Lellde(I the Mhu
)111 ill V0111 1()Il Ill I '111c(dii I lel,'Irllt- 011k) which \v;ls Sponsored by
11w N\ () I. I. ()it_,riv )Ili I I I I Ill' I I ,1 ]1 v ( )I I \ I ,I Iv I I ;,)1 -4 11 le I T I'L t
1 1 16 'WO -ittelide(l lie
, k Ic( 0 1 i M 16 1,( -1 w o ( ) f t I e A t t .,I I ; 1, '1 -()- "L I ( I e I t ,- t n t (I I I I S I I I )I I I I I I I I I I I t-Y
( ) I A I ) r It I -, 1 t I It, It It N 'I ( ) I t I I (I t I I C i I I I n I .I I I A I I I I I
Lmicilwo-Ii." ( ) it I I Y 2 -) t I i t I I(,, I) at t I I (Ic d ,i (It I a 1'( 11 iin
('11 1 ile I i) I I, .-V 'j)Ijje I I -111d _NOW Yol
It!\ Law S(-hool--,3 Oil StIpteMl)(Ir 24, 19"' J)avid Peiez of the
1ddIV:_ -,0k1 a i-,ilk, at Ow Liilled 'Nations." On October 30th D.('. to (IOM-,111d freedOlIll
t jj 'it x r7
I Sollel-S.75 ()n tile llr jtjj.'o
I)II(Ii,10 Rwall )Oili Leal pri
j),tl*j lcij ,Ited in a mai-ch and rally in New York ity to comilienioratA3
I Ilt Tj1;tI1()1l.11 Woniviis' Day.- OjiA.Lty Ist Gie, PRUZAVO parLiclil).-ttect
Ill I ALI 10,1Y r.111y ill 'New Yortk's li'ederal Plaza. And oil June 8)
1,() It(, I )j JOVO lnar%Jie,d in the Ptiert ) Rican Day Parade.-"
1 11, i t I I L110 above m-tivities of the PRRAVO, seein relatively innocu11:-, 01101 -11011td kce!) Pablo Guzmlaii*6 warnine in mind. "Just because i- it-ins and t jl :ill(r ildings with guns, that
]I() 11101V I -, over of bul,
(Itw ,n't iiw ai everyt1iing's, o:Iool. People, are going to be, surprised
tit, Nvli-it Nve do, especially with the unions." 711
OL f No. 4 n 0, Aug ist 26, 1972, p. 8.
i hcr(I ti(-))z 'Vc;rR Serv;,-o ,I
Tlic Rer 'i ir olf thr Neirs, Docernber 4, 1974, pp. 37-38.
70 Giall a(iian, A pril 4, 1073, p. 5.
April 11, 1 31763, 1). 4.
,2 (;uurdian, April 4, 1973, p. 2.
(;:iardianj May 9, 1970, ji. 8.
14 Guard :an, Octobor :',. 197.3, p. 4.
Libep-ation .' cit,8 Se-r?.,icc No. 558, October 6. 1973, pi. 10.
(;7j(jreji(jn, March 11), 19 7), p. 3.
G :,trdian) March 14, 1945, p. 3.
(; Ialdian, .1111w 18. 197"i, P. 7.
_\ cw York Post., March 23, 19 -3, p. 6.

The attitude of the YLO, YLP, and PRRVWO concerning other organizations was expressly stated:
Young Lords as an organization believes that coalitions and working alliances are necessary among all groups that are dedicated to. . (revolution) ... along sound Marxist-Leninist principles.'
The organizations and coalitions with which the Young Lords Organization affiliated itself were to a great extent duplicated by the Young Lords Party. Both the YLO and YLP chose their allies according to the cause which they were advocating. For example, Point 1 of the Y1LO's and YLP's 13 Point Program and Platform states, "VWe want self-determination for Puerto Ricans. Liberation on the island and inside the United States." 2 In advocating the cause of Puerto Rican independence, the YLO and Y-LP entered into activities in conjunction with organizations and coalitions espousing the same cause. These included BRISA. El Comite, Federation of University Students for Puerto Rican Independence, MIRA (Independent Armed Revolutionary Movement for Puerto Rican Liberation), Movement for Puerto Rican Independence, and El Frente Unido.
When the Young Lords Party became the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization in July 1972, the cause of Puerto Rican independence was retained and the PRRWVO expanded its portfolio of organizational affiliations. Added to the above list were: the Committee for Puerto Rican Decolonization, the Federation of Puerto Rican University Students, the Puerto Rican Independence Party, the Puerto Rican Socialist Party, and an expanded El Frente Unido.
The causes which have been espoused by the YLO, YLP, and PRRWO may be generally categorized into four basic areas: urban renewal programs, anti-war programs, social reform programs, and revolutionary programs.
To give further insight into the exact nature of the 'LO's, YLP's, and PRRWO's associations with other organizations, the following is a listing of the organizations and coalitions, in alph.ibetical order, denoting the specific nature and date of each association. Some of these org,'mnizations are primarily concerned with social reform. Others are frankly revolutionary. (It has to be underscored that the appearance of an organization's name in the listing that follows does not denote that it is revolultioaryv or that it shares the roals of the PRRWVO.) By the same token, the obiectives of the aso,5'iations with these various organizations ranged all the way from i proving welfare conditions to staging militant and even violnt actions. (Tn eneral it may be said that the PRVRWO's attitude. which was initially reformist, moved progressively in a more revolutionary di:vection.) To maintain continuity, the listil- is g)r1011ouped a to o>rm1-tt "n with YLO (Chicago), YLO (New York), aiid YLP, and PRIIWO.
I The Movement, November 1969, p. 13.
2 See Appendix.


L(I fillEY] h ).N NVI I'll i If H Z ( 11,(;. N IZ.VFI( )Ns

I -h 7 Ad,
()I I J'i I -,.I 0'111 I I I ahm.(l a I) pe:11-cd w It It tile YLO wt AVFF IN,

,I I,' ON
I I I I (, (4 1 .W9 h)-( :IT 1i I I (lz ()f w (A I i I -,,I go I' LO colit a ct (,(I llwT I I ber- (4 thol al,()vo grmlp to the fovittation of a N(,\v York

/),Iuck. I (1/if/ 1), ff4 1,1h
On t I le Nve(d\(, ill I () f, Vol )1.1 I't j-v I,-). P)G!) i he al )()v( group co-sp.nisored with the YD ) a 1,11int Wm-ld 1-111tv Coliferellve whu: e thellIV W'Is "'Noii-AVIi'tes -,lilt[ Lat in'-': unite, in the Third World. '15
P(1011( r Pal't q
Ou ALlIvIl V.), 19,*,1,l t'll(i t1j)OVe yrot1j) participated with the YLO in
*1 lIi:tf*(*h oll. the Wicl er Park Welf, re (")ffice.",
()it Miv 15, 190*9 01c above gr6up atteiided tlit3 Nvake ()f .Marillel Ln
(d, flie YLO.-,
).,I lilav G. tllc abcve (ri-oilp ntf(liAed a m(lnim-ial service at the
17: A n v i in
'(wm;(-k I 'I --cmiiiary fi.)r Ma ii I R- os.11
On tll(, '11A)V(l (rlmip ptarficipate(I iii the tallLeover of
Adillim.-:tratioll 111111(firil1. at, the
T]! (, (J Seimmary ill cmijunctioji with tile YLO.9
2. 1, 1 16t:) t lie abx)vc gyroup pa-t ici pated ill tile, t a keo ve r of tile.
t;()Il Im'Idillo, at t1w Cbica(ro-Orele c. illpils 0-, tile, T-Iii(-,t, MiTwj 11" colijulietion 'with the YLWO
On Jii!v 4. 19W) the above crrmip fatteIlded la Illeet*ll(-r ill Lincoln I a Ilk w i i i I t I le 71- 1 JO.
()it July 1, 1!);'9 the above group held a ill OaMand.
tle N'I.J() 12
)11 9(," i he thox-O gi-ollp "11tell(led a rally in ('rant Paf-k
Nvith t1w )'1"0 to flie PW)-, 1),tatth, of Cinailt
0 k,l 1969 the, tfl)Ove (yrollp was plv eilt with the, 'Y'LO at

)ii Alober 11. 1969 the ab(.)ve orroup participated with the YLO in

V-,, W _Yclrs. JuIN 14. 1
4 .\I;r iiw-on. Michael I Palantc Youtig Lord8 Party, 'MeGraw-11111 Book Company, 1971, 'I'lir Moi-rinrnt, May 1961), P.
Frtf'llt 611' I'll fhC "New Left", Part 7, 1T(,irIn;zs before the Sullcom"'ItIoP
to tho NdTr1n1-tr,,,tton or the Internal 'Seciiritv Act and Other Internal
itv I ;t\%s of the Cominittee on the Judiciary, United States Senate 91st CoDgr
7 bc -11() rciuclit, June 1969, p. 4.
Ibid. p. -1.
7110' -1f0Vcf11ct1t- June 1969, R 4.
Cliff a(io 7'ii1mPic, May 2:'., 1!W9.
Frtftil of in the II.Vrjr Left", Part 7, op. Ot., p. 105(1.
Y h c P1 (z c I: "alither, July 12, 190, p. 10 ; and Neu-s d Vicics, vol. 32, no. 11, NovemVo;'', If. Ul,
1 -ahm qton Dail 71 'Vrtri, Aiit!ii zt 099, 1 jc9, T). 41.
C1,1-wo Y*odail. October r 11, M9 *, and Ex[cifit of StibverRion in the "Netr Leit"If
7, 7105! .
Vi 1(ot of in the "New Left", Part 7, op. cit., p. 1053.


.Jeff For-t. ieadlet of* the Bh ic1 Stone. Peace huin as rapp)1edI f le Cobr-a Stones inlto ,;UtIpo-tillfg tile( YoUil(-r Lo'; (AMay 15,, 969)
T1e albove lifentioiiu-d '(iu is a lfl(?mnbei' o)f a, ('(oal ition (:U lied LSD1 which stands for Lords.,z,, S Liies. and1 Disciples.17 Chiicago Pecec Council
On April .5 1969 the aloN-e L(1'ol1j ps )onlfl( a Imarch anld rally wNhich was attended by the YLO.18 C'oa'lition for Ctcd.;e ('on nniti Artioi6
On Augusut 12. 196.9 the above grroup attended a rali sponsored by the YLO in the 'People's Par-k".19 Co b ia Stones
On Mlay 20,. 1969 the above group in conijunction withi the YLO
-disrupted a nmeet~in~ of the Lincoln Park Commuity Conservation Coimnmittee.c
On December 9, 1.969 the abhove group in conjunction with the YLO (lisruipted a police-coinmiiiiiitv workshop.-1

On July 29. 1.969 t~he above group iii conjuinctioii with the YLO disrupted a, meeting of the Lincoln Park Communmity Conservatiion Committee at Wailer Hig'h School. 22
On Juily 11 1969 the, (ao-e grroup in conjuncetion with thle YLO disrupted a. meeting of the Lincoln Park area school planning group.-~
On Aumgust, 1-2, 1969 the above group attended a rally sponsored by the YLO in the "Peoples" Park" .2
On Au,(;tst 23, 1969 thle above group co-sponsored a "street festival" in cbonjunctionl with the YLO.25
On August 28, 1969 the above group attended a rally in Grant Park with the YLO to commemorate the 1968 Battle of Grant Park. 26
On September 11, 1969 the above group in conjunction with the YL() staved a. filibuster at the meeting of the Lincoln Park Coiimuity Conservation Committee.7
Com ~m ~fParty, (Illinois)
On Aii2oust 9. 1969 the, above group attended an anti-war demonstrationi in conjunction with the YLO.2
ConI? gnu w~F '' abvst the War
On July 4. 1969 the above group attended a meeting in Lincoln Par-k with the YLO.29
'r, Chicago Tailb, Xewr". MaNy 15. 1969. 17 enecrmos~ Brigjade, ed. Sandra Levinson and Carol Brighitran, Simon and Sclius;ter. New York. 1971, Pp. 226--22S. 113 Oiardian. Anril 1 2. 19C)9. T). 5. it Ch ica,( Today, August- 13. 1969. 21 Extent of Subversion in the "NXew Left", Part 7, op. cit., p. 10,,. 21 Jbid., Part -. op. cit.. p). 1060. 22 (Th iraq Tribuinc. Juily 30, 1969. qec 2. n. 12. 23 (hicarfo Todayi, August 1. 1969 : and Chicago Daily Ncwgs, August 1. 1969. 24 Ch icaqo Today Align4z 1.3, 1969.
2.5 ('hicalg) Todail, .'ii ast 24. 1969. p. 20. I Wq.ghbigti.? if Yciij, ew Awuu4 29. 1969, p. 41.
C(Ticaa DONb Nei's, September 12. 1969.
SThe Ifilitaiit. Aug-ust 22. 1969. p. 12.
r xtrent of S'~rroiin the "Nezr Left", Part T, op. iuit., p. 1056.


Co i i ( (., rn c J C it i7 c iis- Su r I ral Fro 71 t attended the wake of Mmiliel, the 1,110.",
r I a N G, 196,.1 tit(, :11mvi, (rrmip attomled a meninrial service at tile
'Dwolw"Ical ,-;emMary for M,,inuel Ramos."
()]I ALI\- "i I I iw nhm,(, 111,0111) In cw Ij mict loll wit 11 the YLO disr11p1(.(1 a Illoctili-'r of t1ho 1,111coln Park Community Collser -atl(lli C(mlillittee."
the :11)ove group in con3miction Nvith the YIA) at the nw(-timr of the Lincoln I)ark Com11111:111 v Con ()il _Nm-(,!,lhel. 6. P)W.) Ow ahove, cri-oup, cosigned a petitioti with the YL() w)iik-h called for the, creation of a day care center at De
Paul Viliversity. 34
On Peceinher 9, if)(19 the above. Lrroup in conjunction with the Y1j0 disrupted -a police-community workshop.35 G 4 Ci -7 1, 75, rl 1)( f (; /o c Calall?;Itee
0-1 Auml,4 19G ), the "11WNT, tyllollp attended an anti-war demon36
sti,:it i0ii. in coiijunction with the YLO. C Acl,;071 Comm;tfec
On Au 9. 1969 the above 1.(rroup attended an anti-war demonstra37
tion ill conjunction with the YLO. Hemwnos
Oil September 11, VG9 the above group in conjunction with the YLO st a Led a filibuster at the meeting of the Lincoln Park CommuIlity Collsk'I'V1111tion Committee.311
Ivtc wifio ial Workers o f the IVor7d
On Aucrust 12, 1969 the -above group attended a rally sponsored
by tlic YLO in the "Peoples' Park'. Lake Vifozv YO&A C(-,,j1jr;7
Oil Y:iy 204, 1969 the tih )ve group participated in the takeover of the aIministration buil(lillL at t1le ClIi(-,l(rOCjrCle CaMpUS Of t1le
Viliv(.1-1-ity of 1111110is in conjunction Nvith. the YLO. La OcOe
Prior to Jime 1970 It-lie above : crroiip was established by former YU" m,,m])ers and ll-,IJ S#I-( )11(r po .41
t__ 11tical ties with the YLO
Lat;v, Aiwjictm Pr.- ( lise- Or.(7(7 ;.-Yat;on
Al, 1,0"'1 41I)ove rwip participated with the YLO in
a ij,ar(-11 oil the T'ark Weli"!re 01,11C(.
30 Th r 11o r r-ri en f, June 1969, p. 4. Ibid, p. 4.
)i of Su?)rcrx on in the I-Yrir beff". Vart 7, op. cit, p. 1055.
C l)!(. /- 1jt;;1P1 12.
14 'f' r ", I- (, 171 1 1 (, rk Prc, s, Jnm i- v 197(l. T1, 7.
Vxfrnt o,' Subvrrs.",)n i ? thf, ".1, 1 j L(It'', Part 7, olo. cit., p. 1060.
Thr ffflilant, Au Tust 221, 196D, P. 12.
2 7 1 j!, 11. 12 .
of in 1he"Ncic Left", Part 7, op. cit.,p. 1061.
1" i7A(1., 1). 105. 1.


On May 5. 1969 the above gTrouip attended the wvake of Manuel laimiosof the YLO. 43
On Mlay 6, 1969 the above group attended a memorial service at the MorikTb eolog-ical Semin-ary for Mfanuel Ramos. 44
On July 9. 196 ) the, above group appeared with the" YLO on WVTTWV radio in Chicagyo to discuss urban renewal.4
On August -M. 1969 the above group co-sponsored a "street festival" in conjunction with the YLO.4r0 Lincoln ParZk Tovwn ifeetinq
On September 11, 1969 the above group in eonjii notion with the YLO stao,-ed a filibuster at the meeting of the Lincoln Park Coinmunity Conservation Committee. 4
On Decem-ber 9. 1(969 the above gro up in conjunction -with the VEG disrupted a police-commiunity workshop.48 LSD
Wemade another coalition with the "worst crangs of Chicago. the Blackstone Rangyers and the Disciples, and wve called ourselves LI) (Lords, Stones and Disciples)." Mothers and Others
On November 6. 1,969 the above group cosigned a petition with the YLO which called for the creation of a dtayx care center at De Paul University.50
Neighborhood Comns111 Co'rporation~
On May 20. 1969 the above group in conjun-ction with the YLO( disrupted a meeting of the Lincoln Park Community Cons-,rva ti101 Co miiii t tee.51
North Side Coo perati've .11fnistry
On September 11, 19069 the above group in conju-nction with the-0 YLO staged a filib ,uster (at the meetings of the Licohi Pal.- (Coilrnunity Conservation Commiittee.52 Poor Peoples Coalition
On July '29. 1.969 tho, above grroup ini conjuin wiLth the YL() disrupted a meetincr of the LInoln, PFark ColimAunity Couis rva';ion Committee at Walier H-i :yhi Schoo] ]53
On Septem!ber 11, i9G,- the above, crroup in conjunction 7with the YL() staged ilise (at the ineethiu: of the Lincoln Park (01imunity ConIseIv"Itiloll Con 111nittee.5
On Novemiber G. !.hOD1 the above grroup cosigned a petition with11 the YLO which called for the creiation-, of a day care center at D)e T IUni-versitv955
43 The Movement, June 1969, p. 4.
,"ibid, 1), 4.
45 ocnn'nt yevis. .Tulr 14, 19(1.
46 Chicago Today, August 24, 19639, p. 20.
47 Chica'io Daily Newrs, q(.%Tteiniber 12. 19639.
48 Extent of guibir ersion in the "N-ew Left", Part 7, op. cit., p. 1060.
411 Vencerem os Brigade, op. cit., pp. 226-228. 50 Thec Lincoln Park Presg, January 1970, p. 7 51 Ex-tent of Subversion in the "New Left", Part 7, op. cit., p. 1055.
52 Cj(Tieig Daily News., Sonteirber 12. 19()9.
53 Ch-raaqo Tribine, .Iifly '0. 1969. sec. 2, p. 12.
54 Cjhicwuqo Da-i7?, XcwI. enter 12.lt9
z' The L incoln Park Press,' January 1970, p. 7.


'\X'foiie IIl'1~ ii)OV .oali ijolV.(Oiis,1~ of Owe Black
1Paill !er I':lr .1 the XoIiii.I Pat riotS . a t11h IIe 1oIg ords

lietdi(I, 4-(m-vh,,ii arwdl
NA"O t1~I~ h~ D '). v ..ioi :te de t.etlgii ic

01 A 1-rus I. 1 I lo9 abvm inve grmou p at1 t enIle( an ant i-wvar delmn-t i'A 1(0 11 in ): I Ij ucIt ion 01Wit I I t Ile YTA..)

)it ( )ct ( d w rt 1), 1 969~ th aw~bove group was pres'iit with the YL()
-it :I pls- ('(m~ fe IvenIc e.:,9
( )n ( )ctobem' 1 1, P69 the ilbox- group par't icilate(I with the YLO in ani ant i-war marchh.") 0O1 Aluguist 9, 19G9 fte above group attended an a nti-war demon~t rit (in With thle 1'lA). Ahitde1(1 1/ / fobidiza1t (Comni it/ce Oni Augrust, 1.), 1 9(f h above gPrij)u attended an anti-war demon4 11t rttion with thle YL0.2 /(7 d i/8 t for a Pc in ortc Society
17he YL() participated in the SDS's National Convention in May ofl 19)69.63
On May 5, 1969 the above group attended the wake of Manuel RamloFs of the YLJO. 6 O n May 13. 1(,)(9 the above group pi'ticilpated with the YLO in aI ma rvc onl (hicago"'s 18thi District Police station1.65~ On Ma1,L-, 1,9(;9 thle above group} p)articipatedl in the takeover of tilie AV. ('enent Stone Admninistrat ion Buildingy at the 'McCormick II ieolo.fical, "seniiia in conjunction with the Y1j,.64 On Mayii 02, 1969 thle abov-e group participated in the takeover of t Il administration buildings at the Chicagro-Circle, campus of the Universit v of Ill inois in coiunction with thie YLO. G7 (ii Novelw~r G, '1969 thle, above group~ cosignled a petition with thec YL() which call11ed f'or the creation of a (lay (care center at De Paul 1Imi ersity.6S,
St.f 7'IGfIIFfor I/o/herr,
On Af-v6, 1969 the above group attended time wake, of Manuel Ramiios of the YLO."9
I, Venirrermo, Iriqtide, op. tit.. p). 227.
'V'1.'rtci t (if SO), rrion in thec "Newt Left'", Pairt 7, op. cit., p). 1056.
SThe Mlilitanit, Aug, ust 22, 1 969', p). 12.
i 'hi('w !!o) 1041, Oetohet' 11, 1 969 ; and Exten t of S~ub version in the 'Xete Left", Part 7. op. cit., p. 1059.
E xrtentf of Sub version in 'li h"NE ir Left'", Ptart 7, op. cit., p. lOS.7
SThe Militant, August 22, D6t9, p). 12.
SAb~ra lflof, op. rit., p). 10.
4 The Mloremcnt, .1une 19r69. p). 4.
'Thec If ilitant, May. :80. 1 9G6. p. 13. ; and The Movement, June 1909. p. 4.
7 The Mo remer71 r? t, j unve 19 69, 1p. 4.
C f('l ,1) Triun'.Ma 281. 1AM6.
SThe !Lin coln P'ark Preq, Janumary 1970, p. 7.
I bh c Mo t-ic'PlCt, J line 1969j, p). 4.


Tli;)'il World Coam'lt/c of S07ida K i! yLt Vie tnamn
On August 9, 1969. the above groiip attended an- a1nti-vai- iwln9 in conjutnction with the YLO.70 Third -World Liberatilon Front
On July 4, 1,969 the above g-ri(;uip at tended a meet int -127 Lincoln Park with the YLO.7
Venceremos Brigade
Prior to 1971 the YLO participated in thie a(-1,vih,s of thfe above mentioned group.2
Wclf are and Working ioth ers of WicAo( r ParkOn May 15 1969 the above u-roup pai-ticipatedl ifl thle tkeovr of the IV. Clement Ston)e Adn-imnstration ri]d l at- the MK ~orE -iri' Theological Seminary in conjunction withl- the YLO. 13 Young Patriots Organ'iZaton
On May 5, 1969 the above group attended the, wake of Manulel Ramos of the YLO. 14
On May 6, 1969 the above grroup attended ai memorial service at the McCormick Theolo~rical Seminary for Manuel Ra-MOS.7 5
On May 20, 1969 the above group in conjunction with the YLO disrupted a meeting of the~ Lincoln Park Community Conse rva-tion Commit tee. 76
On May 22, 1969. the above group participated in the takeover of the administration buildings at the Chicaoro-Circle campus of the lVniversity of Illinois in conjunction with the YLO7
On Augulist 28. 1969 the above gfroulp attended a rally in Grant Park to commemorate the 1968 Battle of Grant Park.r Younq So eia.i.t A7i/iancwe
On May 13. 1969 the above ()riipp parTtic ipatedI with the YLO in a march on Cbicaros 18th District Police station.~ Youth Against W~ar and Facgm
On Auguist 28. 1969 the above group attended a rally in. Grantl 1 Park' to commemorate the 1.968 Battle of Grant Park."
A merican (~7 /ibc/wrthcs Un j;op
On 'November 51971 tie YTLP attended a cc-iference on PPOC' Rights sponsored by the above grrouip.81
liTe Milifqnit, Augiiqt 22, 1969. n. 12.
,' Extent of Si~wersqion in the "Newr Teft", Part 7. op. cit., p. 1056f. 72 Ven eeremnoR ftride, on~. cit.. pT). 226-22S. I' The Militant, "May .20. 1969, 1,). 13. ~' The Morement, June 1969, p). 4. Tr, T b (, p. 4.
7a I,-en of.-ersion in. the "i-Yet LefT" Prt 7. op. cit., p. 1055. (' hirarro Trilmne. Mlay 22. 1969.
SWashington Daily~ New.q. August 29, 1969. p. 41.
SThe Militant. MAly '30, 1969. p). 12.
SWaghinqton Daiy i'N7,ir,*. .i-mst 29. 1961). p. 41.
'Yi *VtjYork Dailyj Xew.. "Noverher S., 1971, p). 1 2 :and NwYork~ Tim req, 'N'ovowho q. 1971. p. 24.

AII~U Cam pos .'oo;, !y
Onl or botJn 7,1969~ tie aboerrotip miergedl with thle -New
York YLO.Y

I U 1ie ]:it iter p)alt of June 19(;9 thec above groulp co-foulnded the 'New
I I M) W (,I:i It ion in1 (.(]njun lcI Ion wvith the YLO anld the Young

( )n Apr-i 41, 19.70) the above grloup sponsored a rally at which the
Y v I S as pre s cInt.'
"I I Ma iv li 2G., 1,971 the above group sponisor-ed a mneetig at C. W.
1 X : 11 *Ie t whhh(A the YIP was present.8-1

'Iicu~iot rnoup is a. ineniber of El. 1renite Unidlo. GI'IIIinO J~ uH1I'r o)f 1970) the YLO "got togttht with Ipeople (frtomi)

E1. CornIte
Onl March 19, 1972 the above group sponsored a conference on Puerto Ricni p~olitical. prisoners which was attended by the YLP.86
Li re'teUni'do
As of Marich 13, 19 71 the above coalition was composed of the followin Iifroroups: YLP, Puerto Rican Students Union, MoNve iient for. Puerto I ,III ind(epend~ience, El. Cornlite, Justicia Latina, Just icia, loricua, the Blue Ang-els Party, Moveinenta, Latina, Resistencia, Latina, and the I [ci th Revolutionary Unity Movement.89 1'" .raw ofU-vr y Studen t8 for Puerto Rican In dep n de nce
i round January of 1970O the YLO "got together with people (f rom)

fYI. I A'nu Vtram eace Parade Cornmrnttee
Oi1 February 18, 1970 the YLO attended a meeting of the above

LI1-oit"A Rl-evolutionary Unity Movement
Tie, above group is a inember of El Frente UnidoY2
()nI Jully 18, 1970 the above group in conjunction with YLP seized (w'nt vo(l of Lincoln Hospital.3
iwlpenentArmed Revolutionary Movement for Puerto Rican

On March 7, 1970 the Y7LO expressed general approval of the terrI0V1t Wi&c-ict 'e is of the above group.~
l~q1~ i'irl d, 0 'ober 24, 1969.
N~w1ork Riundcy NwApril115, 1970, p. 4.
~' York ImuI'll/ News, Ma7rch 26, 1971. p. 6.
I,:b~r~jU ,- ?/-r ~'r 'N. A(. 2'Ti M i 1.3. 1971, P. 12.
m. Y ncr( m t, Vc hr iamry/MNarch 1!~)7(). p. 11.
a Y rtio n -Vcv- ierice o. 414, F'ebriiary 1V. 1972, p. S.
I tirn o,' 1," -1 r ice Ao. -1.32, Manrch 1.3, 1971, p. 12.
Y Thc Mr1,recment, FebJruanry/M 'arch 1970, P. 11.
(;?oGrian, Februar.y 14., 1970, p). 2.
I I riion Newsn ? (. Ariu N. 3 -1, March 13, 1971, p. 12.
~ R~mprt~, ctoh 1rI -i7, p). 24.
_"I!. M rc 7, 1970.


-Justiczla IBoricua
The above group is a member of El Frente Unido25 Justicia Latina
The above group is a member of El Frente lTnido.96

Around January of 1.970 the YLO "got together with people (from) Luclia, at New York University." 11 Movement for Puerto Rican Independence
On March 14, 1970 the above group in conjunction with the Y-LO held a, rally to commemorate the death of Antonia Martinez, a student at, thle University of Puerto Rico who died during( an anti-war dlemonstration at, the uniiversity98I
On June 't, 1970 the above grrouip in conjunction with the YLO march1101ed ill the! Puerto Rican Day Parade.99
On _\ovember M3 1970 the above grroup in conjunction with the YLO participated in a really to demand Puerto Rico's independence.'0

Tile alh-oIe group i, z a member of ElJ Frente IUnido.101

In Tt0I(ITv Io f '90 the above group provided eight attorneys to
rep'evtth YO n cha, -res stemniing( f rom thie takeover of the First
Spun,(h -. ftli-c)dist, Chiurch in Decem-ber of 1F969.102
In 1 wenbe"1' 1970 the above, group provided counsel to staff the
le~l e~csecenter runlby the YLO.03

2n ~ ~ ~ >Oe'lr5,171te YIP aftendedl a conference on Prisoners anht S1p0ooed by thie above grou 04 I~i~a ./B /?Foundation
on ~v?~e15. 1971 the YLP attendc~ed a conference on Prisoners
I~~~ht~ s; U.nsC-ib te ab'ove groupp' Gd
I-cto 1bicrnS?41' 8 >
(i Tux'e7. 19070 tlne above group in conjnto wih the Y-LO
m~v' hePuerto Ric-n Day Paradle.0
19~ .70 thle above group in conjunction with the .1 0J- S17onsolre'j a cofrneat Colum-biai liivrstv1
On N(~e~nber 1:3, 197 the above groui. in conjucinwtth
YLO )jifticipated in a rally to demand Puer to Rlico's independence.018
SLiberatI ion r. Service No. 125, March 13, 1971, p. 12. 11 The Movement, February/MNarch 1970, p. 11. 98 Daily 'World,AMarch 1S, 1970, p. 9. 11 New York Times, June 8, 1970. p. .31. 104 The If ilitant, November 13, 1970, p. 12. 10 Liberation News8 Service No. 925,AMarch 13, 1971, p. 12. I112 Nc~York Times. January 17, 19 70, 1). 6 2. ~ fl fl-World, Novemrber 13, 1970, p). 9.
'_' ir York Daily News, November 8, 1971, p. 12; and New York Tim es, November 8, 1971. p. 2-1.
XcNew York Times. June S, 1970, p. 31. 10-- Abramson, op. cit., p. 11.
21) Thec Militant, November 13, 1970, p. 12.

oi th : 1vmtof .J tinc., I9~ lI Yi I J it juid wvithI I hI Bla'1c1 k
I Ii Iii it ) I1 1 1~ ),1 ri )t I () 1 t I It u ,~ .1 )m t- t( ri t I I I be .t 'I,
)it )k-iuheui 12,. ir I)~Jth m-)v gI'Oilp, iiirliidiii the 'YLO. ar11t Ic
i11:It'tl ill :Ill :1111 I-x :tlly- at 1Voir I X. -New Jeney,'

'IIt 11 al)m- e 2)l ) is a, u I[1 be' of 1,41 J4 'i'elt e 1 iil o.''

A V-ml!d Jaii v()f 1' 1 ) the( V IA ) "irot I ogetflie1 wit Il . t heRev
ofl i luila- yrI h Worei-s iiioeiiient' which is part of our hecalthI

0)1 October lo, 1!)(;, the YLO, New YXork li-nichlt hd a delegates( aIt.

mtbe~t for a Democra tic Society
Oni January .5, 1970 the above grroup participated in the takeL-over of oilicos of the United Methodist Church of New "York to show sp p~ot, for the actions of the YLO with regard to the taking of the Fir'st, S1 afic~h Methodist Church.'~ Toowo fuwmats Association
In January of 1971 the Bridgeport branch of the YLO organized tihe alxwe group to conduct a rent strike."15 Ti, iN A Lincoln Comnmit tee
On JulyV 18, 1970 the above group in conjunction with the YLO selized cont ol of Lincoln Hospital.'"1 Thi, dy World Conference
On November 28. 197 0 the YLP attended the Revolutionary Peoples Convention which was sponsored by the above group."' 'Third lVorld IRcvelationist
Around January of 1970 the YLO "got together with people (fiou) Thiird WNoI'1( Revelationiist. a roup of radical P~uerto R1icanis that (1o street theatreO downi oil 107th1 Street, (and) have also been wolrkin'g with us." 11
Tie I iril Wo rld Students Party
In 'Noxem1)er of 1969 a YLO member said, W.e'.X ve bce(n doing
a lot of college and high school orgalzig. what wvevc beenl try\ing~
to push is a Third World Students 1)arty." "
10 lDIlq1 World. October 241, 1969.
Neir York TieOctober '13, 1969), p. 78.
1 Libcc-atiot ~ .Service No. .115, 'March 13. 1971, 1). 12.
Th 'fi Morementf, February! March 1970, P. 11.
Citicao, Todouij, October 11 19639 ; and Exhrtn of Stibrcr~iion in the PawLet',hrt 7, 'p, cit I.) 10-5~9.
"I Vc w York D.aily New.'H, January 6, 1970 ; and National Catholic 1?cporit'r, January 14, ,Libcratian News, Srrrice No. 325, Maiy 29, 1971, p. 10.
N flow irt8, 4q. (-It.. p. 241.
7 ohnfnI'it C8 NOVOfldber 28. 1970. p. 5 ndi l1aibinyton Star, Novemhr2,. 1970, it 26; N d IWshingtonl Star, November 29, 1970, 1). D-i
-The Mforceent, I'ehrunry/Mn-rch 1970, p. 11.
The Movemntt, -Novormber 196)9, 1). 8.


United Black Coalition
Onl August 9, 1970 the ITnited Black Coalition for Jobs in the Construction Industry announced that the YLP was a member of the coalition 120
Venceremos Organization
According to Grand Jury testimony taken from Ronald W aVyne Beaty the YLO was affiliated with Venceremos: "Just recently we have extended out into other revolutionary organizations such as the Young Lords in New York City . We have merged with them and made a pact to where we would aid each other in various operations on the different coasts and in between. This merger has been made, to my knowledge, with five other organizations." 12 WIeathlerm an
The above group is affiliated with the YLO through the reciprocal agreement mentioned under the Venceremos group.22 Young Patriots Organizat-ion
The above group is a member of the New York Branch of the Rainbow Coalition in conjunction with the Black Panther Party and the YLO.A 3

Albaian Affairs Study Group
On June 30, 1972, the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO.'24 Associat ion of Agricultural Workers
On June S, 1975, the PRRWO in conjunction with the above group marched in the Puerto Rican Day Parade.125 Attica Brigade
On March 23, 1973, the PRRWO attended a conference with the above group entitled, "What Road to Building a New Communist Party ? "' 1 6
On March 31, 1973, the PRRWO attended a conference sponsored by the above group.27 Attica Defense Fund
On March 31, 1973, the above group attended a conference in conjunction with the PRRWO.128s Black Workers Congress
On June 30 1972, the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO.'29
320 New York Times, August 9, 1970, p. 53. at Terroristic Activity, Part 1, Hearings before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internaml Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, 93d Congress, 2d Session, p. 88. 122 Ibid, p. SS.
123Daily orld, October 24, 1969. 2u Palante, July 21 to August 4, 1972, p. 1. 125 Guardian, June 18, 1975, p. 7. 126 Guardian, April 4, 1975, p. 5.
-t Guardian, April 11, 1973, p. 4. s bid. 1. 4.
'1 Guardiani, July 12, 1972, p. 5.


0"I A I 1_Y I I S. 19 72. flic- n bo ve 1,0 111 ) I TI COIli I I I I u oil Nv it I t I le T' I Z I ZAV( nt tcil (I ed ,I d emoiistrat ion at, t I I e U.N. to urtre t lie I nihd Comillittee oil Dee() foil I Z'A Iml to place tile Plierta OTI t1le.jr of d'scuss1011.9.130
In 1- t-p-willhol, of 11.'1:2. the abovc (ri-mip Jmw olvd tll(' 1')II(.k Wol-kF.-ocklmn Convontion in LincoIll JjeirjjtS, ()JI'o, N -Jl:Cll NN,,IS Iltt(,jj(je(j 1) tll() PERIN'() 131
011 March 10. 11.173' tile, flbm-o groiip affeiide(l ,m anfi-lmlvrialiNV 0 1 k 0 T, C 0 11 1 C e i 11 Ne W York City in conjimetion. with the
Pj I 11'ro. 13 2
POVe (rl*o 'I fo-!Ili ();vd 1)v
the :d 111) '.Itlolw (
C1MTA1*,'111 'It tll(' M,'Inliattaii Center in New "York. The ': Idject of tile, forum was, "What Road to Building a New Commuilist Party C* 131 Colli)h' for Puf i 'o R;C( w Dccolonizatio),t
I a ndlv it. HIM
T'nit(.d _N:JioTls c,,.11i,ig im- Puerto Rican iji(lepell 'Iellce Ndlich i*Ltell(
Con, il, o D(..fc it (7 the Co m n? ii n '/y
Oil 1"'le "V), t""C' abOVC "JI)LIp attended the l"in-t
11RAV0., 35
("'o i ss of Afi-;ean People ir) the abovo group in coiIjunction iJrll the IT'LIZIlVa G!I 1, 19,51
at.(011ded a May Dtly rally 1-i New York's Federal Plaza. El Com ite
0!1 J Ilme 30" 197,21, the "I'bove group cat.t.en(led the First _'\-,a L iona I ConPlZRAV0.1-11'
1t)75 the ,-l'bove group in coi-ijunctioti witli the PEIZIWO, 111. 'iTj( tai Day rally -New York's Federal Plaza."""
El 1',-( /,Ie Un;do
.'Xs ()1' October 61 1.91'73 in A(lition. to the previously inen ,')!wtl gr( Jups' t folkm-mcr groups ],,I(] joiii(,,(l the above coalitimi: 1')()L'l(le, 1 r it t Illuc-io Rican Socialist Pai-ty. Resis((,ilcia Ptior-()i('w.,im*tt(,v to Defend C, Hos Feliciano. 1,1w C(mimi11,J10 ki Pa,,-,; i I. thc Coinmittee, to 1)ei'elid Eduardo 'ruz ('e I)CI (I M'l I-till Sostre.1 ),-'()1)er3(), 19703. the aboN-v coalition SOOTISIAIVO 11, March in IN",
I ol I (tell Ia II(I ill the free(loill of Puerto I'lCt'll "Tolitical pjisThe 1)"'RIVO, s a member of the coalition, particip-ae(I in,
tho marell. 140
1)tio (i, Trabujwlorcs de Puerto fl;co
On J m klk 191 2" t'lle above orroup attendc(l, [lie First, National ContjIG _'1-jZl"NI'0.141
1, a 'io n A7'crj,-.q Scrrice, No. 460, Augiist 26, 1972, p. S.
lic let-, i tv o, 11tc Xcirs, DvCember 4, 1974, pp. 37-:'S.
f alflian' "'larch 21, 1!)7,". p. 5.
i a n, A p r I 1 1, 19 7,2, P. 5.
1, 1) (, r :i, 1 ) 7:1. p. 4.
Jiil.v '-'I to Aiigi.4t 4, 1972, p. 1.
Gaoidi(iii. 14, 1.175. p. 3.
t () A i i t 4, 1972, p. 1.
'M -rch 14. 1107.7), 1). 3.
t,.(,,n News Servire A"o. 558, October 6, 19 73, P. 10.
11,61, 10.
Pal(mtc, July 21 to August 4, 19 7 2, p. 1.


Federation of Puerto Rican University Students
On June 8. 1975, the PRRWO in conjunction with the above group marched in the Puerto Rican Day Parade. I WVor Kuen
On June 30, 1972, the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRR W() .'"
On August 18, 1972, the above group in conjunction with the PRRWO attended a demonstration at the U.N. to urge the United Nation's Special Committee on Decolonization to place the Puerto Rican issue on their agenda of discussions.44
On March 10, 1973, the above group attended an anti-imperialist workers conference in New York City in conjunction with the
PRRWO. 145
J Town Collective
On June 30, 1972, the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO.46 Kalayaan
On June 30. 1972, the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO."7 Kokua Hawaii
On June 30, 1972, the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO. 143 Los Siete de la Raza
On June 30, 1972, the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO. 9 National Committee for the Restoration of Civil Liberties in the
On March 31, 1973, the above group in conjunction with the PRRWO attended the second conference of the Attica Erirplde at Staten Island Community College.6 November 4 Coalition
On March 10, 1973. the above coalition sponsored in anti-.perI list workers conference in New York City which was a.-,cied by the PRRWO.'5L
October League
On March 23. 1973, the above group attended a G.ardian forum at the Manhattan Center in New York in conjunction with the PBh"RRWO. The subject of the forum was, "What Road to Building a ew Communist Party 152
142 Guardian, June 18, 1975, p. 7.
4 Palante. July 21 to August 4, 1972. p. 1.
1 Liberation New, Service No. 460, August 26, 1972, p. 8.
Guardian, March 21. 1973, p. 5.
141 Palante. July 21 to August 4, 1972, p. 1.
147 Ibid, p. 1.
Ibid, p. 1.
10 Ibid. p. 1.
1o Guardian, April 11. 1973. p. 4.
151 Guardian, March 21. 1973. p. 5.
u5 Guardian, April 4, 1973, p. 5.


7 c -rl-w il) -I to cm IlIllef,10I c. I .42.1-M ll) i 11 ( M ) ill W j ](11, NN_ i t I t I I 1 I'L I I' J 0 Day rallY Ili ow York', ,Fcd(TZLI

the cri-oup ill cmli 1,11101-ion with flle
I L V( :1! 1 "'Ilded I deii ionst i ,i I '()u -it, I 1w I...'N to uror t lie _U ziited Collillitte", oll De( It
-olollizatioll to place t1lo I'llel-to N10111 ill, wi tholl. "ltrenda.15

(),I All 19 1 lie al)(WO "110111) it) collj1illetioll I.N'Ith the
1Z Al 'atell(led .1 -It- t'll(i I-\- 1() jlry( tlle Unifi d
Nntioll-4, special Conlilliftee mi Decolonization to place the. Puerto 156
ILIC1111 oil their acreiida.

i I i iA I S, 1 () 7 -1 11 e tabo N-e (rrollp ill conjunction with the 1)RT1Z1VV() (!Jellilo(l :I (It'low"-4,ration "'t, the TA to uvl, e the I'llit-ed
,Il ioll, Specil, I G)III11lit Ico oll I )ecolollizat 1011 to plnce the I'llerto
_T,) I -, 7
I I T, )11 t I 10 i r -I re I I
)u '% I ,, rc li I0, 197:'l t i le 111) 0 N- e cri-oup M conjunction with t I) e 1-3111'ZWO attciid,,-V1 (-ill ant 1-1111periallst -NN-orkers conference in '_\mv York Citv.1'11
Oil Julle S, 197,5, tll(, above _,yroill-) ill colijinictioll with the PIZEIVO marched in thr.". Puerto Rican Da-\,- Parade.1511 Puerto R ica n studeW8 Union
Oil June, 30. 197-2. the abm-c group attended the Fir.-A Congress of the PRRAVO.160 Re? o70;onary Uio'on
1972 the above crroup attended the First '-NNational ConOn June 301 Z
(rress of the PEZRAVO."'
Oil Manch 10, 19"), the above group in conjunction with the PRRAVO attended an anti-imperialist workers conference in New
York City.1112
On IN[aiAi 23, 1973. the above group attended a Guardian forum at the'AI.tithattan Center' Ili -New York in conjunction with the PRIZILAVO. The subject of the forum was, "What Road to Biiildiiicr a New Coniillunist Party?" 163
011 Malvh ?31, 19MI the above group in conjunction with the PRII'L'AVO attended the, second conference of the Atticti, Brigade at Staten Island Community C college. 1114
'Ninrch 19, 1975, P 3.
G rd im?, 1; 1 v 14, 19 7 5, 1). .3.
vice A, 160, Au-n,4 26, 1972, 1). S.
1 7 1? fl, J. ,
21. 1973. 5.
I'Z, 1975, 1). 7.
Palall tr. Jul 21 to A imust 4, 1972, p. 1.
''. I 7 2. 1). 5.
'2' i 173, 1). 5.
7-1 ii 71 A pri 1. J!kT ., m 5.
G 7(0 (:i '1 _' TI J 1 1. 4.


Rising Up Angry
On June 30. 197. the above group attended the First Nationa Congress of the PRRWVO.165 Spirit of Logos,/jWhite Lightning
On June 30. 1972, the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO.6R6 Third WTorld Students League
On June 30, 1972. the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO.167 Venceremnos Organization
On June 30. 19792. the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO.168 Women's Union
On June 30. 1972. the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO.'69 Workers Federation
On June 30, 1972, the above group attended the First National Congress of the PRRWO.170 "5 Palante, July 21 to August 4, 1972, p. 1. 1e6 Ibid, p. 1.
"Ir Ibid, p. 1.
'Ibid, p. 1.
2es Ibid, p. 1.
0 Ibid, p. 1.
170 Ibid, AL

[From Palante, Aug. 28, 1970]
Yoz ng Lords Party
13 Point Program and Platform
The Young Lords Party is a Revolutionary Political Party Fighting
for the Liberation of All Oppressed People
1. We want self-determination for Puerto Ricans-liberation on the island and inside the United States.
For 500 years, first Spain and then United States have colonized our country. Billions of dollars in profits leave our country for the United States every year. In every way we are slaves of the g-no We want liberation and the Power in the hands of the People, not Puerto Rican exploiters.
Que Viva Puerto Rico Libre.
2. We want self-determination for all latinos.
Our Latin Brothers and Sisters, inside and outside the United States, are oppressed by amerikkkan business. The Chicano people built the Southwest, and we support their right to control their lives and their land. The people of Santo Domingo continue to fight against gringo domination and its puppet generals. The armed liberation struggles in Latin America are part of the war of Latinos against imperialism.
Que Viva La Raza !
3. We want liberation of all third world people.
Just as Latins first slaved under Spain and the yanquis, Black people, Indians, and Asians slaved to build the wealth of this country. For 400 years they have fought for freedoni and dignity against racist Babylon (decadent empire). Third World people have led the fight for freedom. All the colored and oppressed peoples of the world are one nation under oppression.
No Puerto Rican is free until all people are free!
4. We are revolutionary nationalists and oppose racism.
The Latin, Black, Indian and Asian people inside the U.S. are colonies fighting for liberation. We know that Washington, Wall Street, and city hall will try to make our nationalism into racism: but Puerto Ricans are of all colors and we resist racism. Millions of poor white people are rising up to demand freedom and we support them. These are the ones in the U.S. that are stepped on by the. rulers and the government. We each organize our people, but our fights are the same against oppression and we will defeat it together. Power to all oppressed people!
5. We want community control of our institutions and land.
We want control of 6ur communities by our peoT)le and programs to guarantee that all institutions serve the needs of our people. Peo(45)

4 G

cmit I,()1 ()f polk.c.
t!"Ill-portall(ill and Nvclfatv arc Ilreded. We Nvallt an ('11d tt) "Ittack-, mi, mll. 1:111(i hv urball Ivill(wa], lI*,rJ1\\-;i, (*(Wponlt 1011 :.
Laml to all lw()ple
C. i!it a triie (,d11(.--ati(-)il of our clo)IC cultiltv 11141 'Sl)alli zli

Iem -fl 0111. 11i,401-v of titrIltil'cr cultund. zl.- well, as CCWO)hl bV t! -aliqui. Revolition"ll-v cultilre, ('111tun, of
W II' 1W(11)1t i< w 0y I mw ieachill,r.
)T I J().-e ( listsand alfiuiwc,: wifli trnitors.
Pll- rto Rioan rillors. or pnppet< of tit(-, oppi-e-<(w. do r-t mir
peopl(,. Tilev are 1):Iid bV the sv-felll to lead our 1)eoplc blind
ii- t )ikv tli'(, t1ioils'ands (4 poverty pinip who 1,(-op wir
munii ic-, 1,w;wof ill for business, or flie street worken-z Nvllic) 11 -(,(,p (zan zs (livi(led '111d blfiwin(y each other away. Ave want a \\1wIe tile

We Oppo, e the inerikkh-(-t n inil itn i-y.
Ave (leiwuid immediate withdrawal' of V.S. militarx- fw(-es- and
fivin Puerto Rico. Vietnam, and all oppressed communities, ill,.zid(, .,nd OlltSi(le tile T7.S. N-o PlIel-to R we I S
ican should set it ill(, 1, -,
al"1111, at-rainst, hic; Brothers and Sistei-1, trui, arinv of
I I for the onlN
opwwsed people is the people*sarmy to fi.grlit all rulers',
U.S. out o f Vietnam, f ree Puerto Rico !
9. 11-P Nva I it f freedom for all political priczoners.
1i e, Nvant .i,ll Puerto Ricans freed because, they have 1won ti-ile(I by t I I(,' raci '- t courG of the colonizers, and not by their own peoPle tilld peers, We want ,)I I f reedoin fighters released f roin jail.
Free all political prisoners!
10. Ave ivwit equality for women. -Macliisino must Jw revolutiona I. v . not oppressive.
1_11(ler capitalism, our women have lwen oppressed by 1-,otll the sociofy aiidt our own men. The docti-ine of machismo has beell hi- wir
ition to take oiit tlieir frustration:- .o-ain4 flier wives. i,.iotliers. and cliildren. Our men nilist support their women ill Owli- fi_(rlit, for e(10110111lic and social equality. and miist nco _rnizo that our v,-nI)l(,1i are e(juals in everY way witliiii flip r( \-Olutionarv ran],S.
Forward. si-tcl s. -ill tj,( stl mrorle
11. Ave fi(rht anti-cominunism with international imity.
,kill-4-ille Nvilo re i :ts injustice is called -I communist by "t-lie man" 1111(1 (.011(leinno(l. (.ur people are bi-ainwaslied by televisioi-I. newsand books to oppo-c people in other count fi_,rlA *11(_r
for t 1wil. f lved()Ill. "X0 'loncrer -will our lwople lwlieve att; :md Iandvl- becall-(. t1ley llave learned wlio t1w real cneuty i an(J wl; ) t1wir reil fl-ielld.-- '11.e. Ave 'xill defell(l our Brotllvl snlld arotiki(I 11w world who firllf for ill
12. Ave believe armed self-defense and armed strucrcrlo are tile. wilv
1 )f ,,I 11 ; to I ittorn t i oil.
'X( :11-o opp():-( d to violence--flic, violence of 111muI-1. childn"11. 1111ternli n1d reople "Ind t1le violelwe of poverty 1!1(1 pvofif.
AV(, I t 11 0(l 14 '1_0 I C t () C 0111 0 111 () I I S t ra t e f 1111 V,


and voted for politicians full of empty promises. But we still aint free. The time has come to defend the lives of our people against repression and for revolutionary war against the businessman, politician, and police. When a government oppres-es our people, we have the right to abolish it and create a new one.
Boriena is awake! All pigs beware
13. We want a socialist society.
We want liberation, clothillg, free food, education, health care, transportation, utilities, and employment for all. We want a society where the needs of our people come first. and where we give solidarity and aid to the peoples of the world, not oppression and racism.
IIsta La Victoria Siempre!


(NO'E.-The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee attaches no significance to the mere fact of the appearance of the name of an individual or an organization in this index.)
Abramson, Michael ------------------------- 4. 7, 8, 10-15, 18. 120, 24, 30, 34, 37
A costa, G ene - - - - - - -- - - - - - - 13
Adai, Mecca------------------------------------------------------ 13, 15
Agosto, Angel Cruz -------------------------------------------------- 12
Agra it, Mickey ----------------------------------------------------- 1
Aguadilla, P. R ------------------------------------------------------ 27
Albania affairs study group-------------------------------------------- 3!9
Albizu Campos Society --------------------------------------------30. 36;
Alianza Latino-Americana para c Aclelant o Social.1--------------------- '3
Alvarez, Louis ------------------------------------------------------ 8
American Civil Liberties Union--------------------------------------- 5
Aponte, Carlos -----------------------------------------------------1
Armitage Avenue, MNethodist Chuirch------------------------------------ 23
Armitage-Dayton Methodist Church------------------------------------Association of Agricultural Workers ----------------------------------8!
A ttica Brillza de -- - - - -- - - - - -- - - ,. 4 1 42
Conference ----------------------------------------------------- I l
Attica Defense Fund ------------------------------------------------3

Baez, Tony-------------------------------------------------------- 12
Baken., Bernadette -------------------------------------------------- 13
Beat.-,, Ronald Wayne------------------------------------------------ 39
Beaulehamp, Kermit----------------------------------------------- -I
Benite-z. Iris------------------------------------------------- 7, 13. 19, 20
Berrios, Americo ---------------------------------------------------- 13
Bertram, Ricardo --------------------------------------------------- 15
Bissel Realty Co --------------------------------------------------- 21
Black Active and Determined --------------------------------------22, 30
Black Panther Party ------------------------------ 10, 20,22, 293, 80, 34, 38, 39
Black Panther, The (newspaper) ------------------------------------ 3, 30
Black Panthers------------------------------------------------------ 4
Black Peace Stone Nation ---------------------------------------- 29, 31
Black Workers Congress ---------------------------------------- 1, 28,389
Black Workers' Freedom Convention------------------------------- 28, 40
Blue Angels Party -------------------------------------------------- 36
Boricuas de Frente ----------------------------------------------- 40,47
Bridgeport, Conn --------------------------------------------------- 26
BRISA ---------------------------------------------------------- 29, 36
Canuelas. Luis ------------------------------------------------------ 13
Carter, James ------------------------------------------------------ 12
Castillo, Carmelo --------------------------------------------------- 13
Chavez, Louis ------------------------------------------------------ 12
Chevila, Marta--------------------------------------------------- 12,18
Chicago----------------------------------------------- 1, 3-5, 10, 11,21-23
Police Department----------------------------------------------- 23
18th District Police Station ---------------------------------- 34

('hic-g- --ail- N-ww_ 22,31-33
Chi-------ws___- 13,17,18
Chic--g- Peace Council 31
C hIIie c ---u- ----T i-- -- -- -- -- 17,.1 1.,22-241
Chice Today puldiction) 11-13, 17, 22. 30-34.38
C'hic-- Tri- -n--- 12, 13. 22, 30-35
.'m. Itp hlic C ) ---d n- VI, 1, 10, 27
Clinvera. A .I rto_ 12, 18
'lu 1:n-li -.. 27
(t'intron. Aruzel "Guil'" 13 City llege of York---------------------------------------- 36

CoUnliti'n for United Conununiy Aion 31
ora Sn ----------------------------------------------Cilman. Mea- ---------------------------------------------15
olon Gilberto---------------------------------------------------- 15
Colon. Ghri-------------- -. ------------------------------- -13
Columbia Univerity---------------------------------------------- 11,25,37
Conittee to Defen Carlos Felino.-------------------------------- 40
Committee to Iefend the Comunity--------------------------------- 40
Co ittee to Defend Eduardo Cruz ----------------------------------- 40
Comnittee to Defend iumberto Pagan -------------------------------- 40
omniittee to Defend Martin ostre --------------------------------- 40
Committee for Puerto Rican Decolonization -------------------------29, 40
Comnmunist Party. Illinois ------------------------------------------- 31
Communist Parry of the U.S.A --------------------------------------- 1, 27
Communities United Against the War --------------------------------- 31
Concerned Citizens Shurvival Front ---------------------------------22.32
(ongress of Africn People ------------------------------------------ 40
'ook Cointy Board of Commisioners- --------------------------------- 23
C(,]k County Department of Public Aid -------------------------------- 23
Copeland. Anthony -------------------------------------------------- 13
Crtez. Tualn Carlos -------------------------------------------------
Cose. P(dro Rndrg nez -----------------------------------------------13
Cru. Andre -------------------------------------------------------13
Cruz, Benjmin ---------------------------------------------- 13 15
Cru, Carmen -------------------------------------------- 8,10, 11, 15, 20
Cruz. Goria ----------------------------------------------------- 7,13
Cruz. Hector ------------------------------------------------------13
0, Aida----------------------------------------------------- 13
Cuba" --------------------------------------------------------------v 78
Cunningham, Walter A ---------------------------------------------- 3
Cuza. Cnthia----------------------------------------------------- 12
Cua, Tuis----------------------------------------------------- 12,18
C. IV. Poet College -------------------------------------------------36

ily rl n per)----------------------- 4. 13-15, 17, 19, 25, 26 36-39
Daniel, David -----------------------------------------------------3
"l)1 Cu1d1.1-------------------------------------------------------------13
Davilla Orlando .------------------------------------------------- 12
D P:nf! F17iversity --------------------------------------------22,32,33
TlAio. Angel -------------------------------------------------- 12
iaz. Eddie --------------------------------------------------------13
in)iz. Edwin -----------------------------------------------------------12
F)inaz. Salvador --------------------------------------------------------13
Vhmubling, .Tohn 2----------------------------------------------------
Onart. MIartha ----------------------------------------------------13
I n. eorge--------------------------------------------------------- 23

El Cano, P.R. 7---------------------------------------------------1. 2
El Comit_ .------------------------------------------------------ 2 40
El F...... 3-38. 40

El Gremio de Trabajadores de Puerto Rico ---------------------------- 40
Estrada, James-------------------------------- ---------------------- 13
Extent of Subversion in the "New Left" (SISS publication) ------------- 12-14,

Federation of Puerto Rican University Students------------------------ 41
Federation of University Students for Puerto Rican Independence ------ 29, 36 Fifthi Avenue Vietnam Peace Parade Committee------------------------ 36
Figueroa, Jenny ----------------------------------------------------- 13
First National Congress (of PRRWNO)----------------------------- 1, 3 -43
First Spanish Methodist Church----------------------------- -- 24-26, 37, 3S
Flores, Felix -------------------------------------------------------- 15
Flores, Herman----------------------------------------------------- 13
Fontanez, Gloria ---------------------------------------------- 8 10, 15, 20
Forei gn Broadcast Information Service------------------------------ 11, 27
Fort Dix, N.J -------------------------------------------------------3
Fort, Jeff ---------------------------------------------------------- 31

Garbage offensive --------------------------------------------------- 24
Gardner, Luis -------------------------------------------------------13
GI Civil Liberties Defense Committee --------------------------------- 32
01-Student Action Committee-------------------------------------- :3
Gibson, Lawrence-------------------------------------------------- -2
Gomez, Manuel----------------------------------------------------- -115
Gonzales, Elena ----------------------------------------------------- 13
Gonzalez, Gloria --------------------------------------------- 7,13,19,20
Gonzalez, Juan --------------------------------------- 7, 8, 10,1.3, 15, 19, 20
Gonzalez, Mlirta -----------------------------------------------------18
Grant Park----------------------------------------------------830,31.,35
Battle of-------------------------------------------------- 30, 31, 351
Guardian (newspaper) ---------------------1, 5, 7, 8, 11-13, 2-7, 28, 31, 36, 39-42
Guerra, Rory----------------------------------------------------- 12, iS
Guzman, Pablo "Yoruba"------------------------ 4, 7, 8, 10, 13, 15, 18-20. 27, 28

Health Revolutionary LUnity Movement ----------------------------- 10.,23. 36
Health Services Administration--------------------------------------- 25
Hermanos ----------------------------------------------------------321
Herrero, Audra ----------------------------------------------------- 12
Hill, Joseph -------------------------------------------------------- 13

I Wor Kuen ------------------------------------------------------- 1,41
Ignatin, Hilda Vasquez--------------------------------------------- 4,12
Ignaton, Noel ------------------------------------------------------- 12
Illinois, University of (Chicago-Circle) -------------------------- ,3235
Independent Armed Revolutionary Movement for Puerto Rican Libera tio~n
(MI1RA) ------------------------------------------------------- 29,N36
International Conference (Canada)------------------------------------- 4
International Womens' Day ---------------------------------------- 2 8 42
International Workers of the World -------------------------------- 3
Ivany, Sonia --------------------------------------------------------1:3

J Town Collective --------------------------------------------------- 41
Jacobs, David ------------------------------------------------------- 15
Jimenez, Gilbert ----------------------------------------------------- 13
Jiminez, Jose "Cha Cha"----------------------------- 3-5, 7, 8, 10, 12, 18, 21, 23
Jones, Lawrence ----------------------------------------------------- 12
Junior Higxh School No. 13-------------------------------------------- 27
Justicia Boricua------------------------------------------------- -- 110.37
Justicia Latina----------------------------------------------------8t6. 37


Kalayaan ........ 41
Keegan, Ceil ..... 12
Kings Way Church -------------------------------------------------27
Kruset, Beverly -------------------------------------------------14, 15
Kokua Hawaii ----------------------------------------------------- 41
Kino Mo-jo -----------------------------------------------L
Li enter e ---------------------------------------------------------- 32
LADO. (Sce Latin American Defense Organization.) Lake View Youth Council ---------------------------------------IIatin American Defense Organization ---------------------------------32
Laquer, Valerie ---------------------------------------------------- 15
,:Lt in Ainencan Defense Organization (LADO) ---------------------- 23
Lieration News Service ---------5, 8, 10-12, 14, 17, 19, 20, 24, 26-28, 36-38, 40-42
Limarlo, Lulu ----------------------------------------------8, 10, 15, 20
Lincoln Heights, Ohio -------------------------------------------- 28,40
Liicoln I1ospital (New York City) ----------------------------10, 24, 25, 38
LiHioln Park -------------------------------------------------30,33-35
Town Meeting ---------------------------------------------30,33, 35
Lincoln Park Community Conservation Committee (LPCCC) 22,31-33, 35
Lincoln Park Press -----------------------------------------12, 13, 32-34
Lin(, Jose Luis -----------------------------------------------------12
Lopez, Alfredo-------------------------------------------------- 17
Lopez, Obed Zacerias ---------------------------------------------12,23
Lopez, Omar ---------------------------------------------------- 12, 18
Lopez, Ray A ------------------------------------------------------ 14
Lords, Stones and Disciples (LSD) ---------------------------------31,33
Los Siete de la Raza ------------------------------------------------ 41
Lozano, Letty ------------------------------------------------------14
LPCCC. (See Lincoln Park Community Conservation Committee.) LSD. (See Lords, Stones and Disciples.)
Lucha -------------------------------------------------------------37
Luciano, Felipe -------------------------------------------------5, 7, 14
Lugo, Raoul -------------------------------------------------------12
Luke, Joseph ------------------------------------------------------- 12
Luna, Adrian ------------------------------------------------------ 12
Lunas, Ruban ------------------------------------------------------12

Manhattan Center ------------------------------------------------40-42
Manufacturers Hanover Bank ---------------------------------------- 27
Mao Tse-tung -------------------------------------------------------8
Martiniz, Antonio -------------------------------------------------- 37
Martinez, Benjamin -------------------------------------------------14
Martinez, Caspar ---------------------------------------------------14
M artinez, Jose ------------------------------------------------4, 12, 180
Martinez, Milton --------------------------------------------------- 14
Ma rtinez, Pedro ---------------------------------------------------- 12
MIartinez, Victor ---------------------------------------------------14
MIatias, Alfredo ------------------------------------------------- 12, 18
Matos, Willie --------------------------------------------8, 10, 14, 15, 20
May Day rally --------------------------------------------------28,40
McCormick Theological Seminary --------------------------22, 23, 30, 32-35
M[edina, Hermino--------------------------------------------------- 14
Medina, Joe ------------------------------------------------------- 12
Aforeado, Carmen --------------------------------------------------14
Merced, Raquel---------------------------------------------------- 14
Metzncr, Judge Charles M --------------------------------------------8
Militant, The (publication) ------------------------14, 23. 1. :2, ,34. 35, 37
Miller, Cano ------------------------------------------------------12
Milwaukee, Wis -----------------------------------------------------


IR1A. (See Independent Armed Revolutionary Movement for Puerto
Rican Liberation.)
Molina, Juan ------------------------------------------------------- 15
Morales, Iris --------------------------------------------------------314
Morales, Juan Carlos ------------------------------------------------ 12
Morales, Ramon ---------------------------------------------------- 14
Mosher, Thomas Edward --------------------------------------------- 4
Mothers and Others -------------------------------------------------3
Movement, The (newspaper) -----------------3, 4, 12-14, 20-24, 27, 29, 28
M Movement News (publication)-------------------------------------- 30, 33
Movement for Puerto Rican Independence --------------------------- 36 37
Movement for Puerto Rican Socialist Party ---------------------------- 29
Movementa Latina------------------------------------------------ 36, 37
Muniz, Ozzie-------------------------------------------------------- 14

National Committee for the Restoration of Civil Lib~erties in the Pliilippines---------------------------------------------------------- 41
National Lawyers Guild ------------------------------------------- 3
Neighborhood Commons Corp------------------------------------------ 33
Ne w Free Press ----------------------------------------------------- 13
New York City --------------------------------------- 4, 24, 26, 298, 40. 41
New York Daily News-------------------------------- 11, 14, 24-271, 3-5-43S
New York Post ---------------------------------------1 8, 11, 20, 27, 28
New York Sunday News----------------------------------------------86r
New York Times ----------------5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13-15, 17,19, 20, 24-26, 35, 97-39
Magazine ---------------------------------------------------- 11,12
-New York University ------------------------------------------------ .74
Law School ----------------------------------------------------- 28
N ie-vesJ oseJ ----J -------------------------------------------------- JJ12
NolIa, Travis -------------------------------------------------------1
North Side Cooperative Ministry-------------------------------------- 32
Northern Virginia Sun-Times----------------------------------------- 27
November 4 Coalition ----------------------------------------------- 41
Nunez, Wilma ------------------------------------------------------ 15
Nydia ------------------------------------------------------------- 14

Oakland, Calif ------------------------------------------------------ 30
Ocampo, Thomas Valle ----------------------------------------------- 15
October League ----------------------------------------------------- 41
Off With the Chains Offensive----------------------------------------- 26
Offensiva Rompe Cadenas ------------------------------------------ 24, 26
Oliver, Denise ---------------------------------------------- 7,8, 14, 19,20
Ortiz, Jose--------------------------------------------------------- 12
Ortiz, Juan "FL"---------------------------------------------- 7, 14, 19, 20

Palante (magazine) ------------------------------- 8, 10-16, 19-21, 39-43, 45
Palanate Young Lords Party (book)-------------------------------- 4, 7,24
Paistor, Carl -------------------------------------------------------- 14
Patria, Carlos ----------------------------------------------------2, 14
Patterson, James ---------------------------------------------------- 23
Pavon, Ben--------------------------------------------------------12
Pedro Albizu Campos Society-------------------------------------- 4
Peoples, Church I --------------------------------------------------- 24
Peoples' Church II------------------------------------------------ 24, 26
Peoples' Park----------------------------------------------------- 31, 3 2
Perez, Bennie ------------------------------------------------------- 12
Perez, David--------------------------------------- 7, 8, 10, 14, 15, 17, 19, 2-0
Perez, Louis Alvarez ------------------------------------------------ 14
Perez, Richie --------------------------------------------- 8, 10, 14, 15, 20
Philadelphia -------------------------------------------------------- 26


.) p
Poinr 1Payales I kalition 3 1'op. Itobert_ 15
1Popq ular l iontinican AMnvenent 42
Preiudergraft, Iihert----------12 1Pritikn Kudl. ryne-- - - - - -1
IPut'rt I hian ( 'ult ural I 'enter. 22
Ptwri u ---ii --y -arade --- 2 37, 39. 12
1Met fienn I-l 1 --epetd o 1 Party 42
PI uerto I ian Pa- -ers. The (- ook-) 17
I Iuerto Ian Soialist P-arty -, 410, 42
1 I Iert I R al 111( 1dn c Uilioln --- -3-,--- -, 42
1 114rto lie--- ------------------ -------------- --------1, 27, -14
-rt -n - --ivers l of ---- ------------------ 37
P ublie J ust ice F- -undat ---------------------------- 7

Quiiau------------------------------------------------------ 14

Rainbow Coalition ----------------------------------------------- 34, 3, 39
R.1nirez, Luisa ------------------------------------------------------ 14
Iunos. Alba ----------------------------------------------------------13
ItoHnoS, Jos u1ian ------------------------------------------------------- -1
R1 Juan--------------------------------------------------------- -14
RanMs, lanuel ---------------------------------------------11, I 30 .32-35
Hump-rts (magazine)------------------- 4 5, 7, 12-14, 17, IS, 2 25, "t. 3S
Rat (pu)blicIti) ----------------------------------------------- - ---Ited ('hina. (NSc China, Eepublic of.)
Red Guard-- ------------------------------------------------------ 34
Resistencia Latia --------------------------------------------------36, 38
Resistein Puertoriquena ---------------------------------------------40
Revi( w of the News (Inbltimih -,40----------------------------------2S, 40
Revolutionary C(ontingent 3--------------------------------------------- 34
Revolutionary Health Workers. ----------------------------------------Revolutionary Peoples Convention ---------------------------------------38
RevoluWin jary iiion (R) ----------------------------------1, 10, 27. 42
Revolutionary Youth Moveent --------------------------------10, 34, 3.
Ritlhnuaid Collee- _- ---------------------------------- 11
Rios, Isa -------------------------------------------------------------14
Rising Up Angr -------------------------------------------------------43
Rivera, ('arlos --------------------------------------------------------13
Rivera, David -------------------------------------------------------13, 18
Rivera, Manuel Rafael ------------------------------------------------ 13
Rivera, Rafael 1-------------------------------------------------------- 8
Ro ,les, George --------------------------------------------------------14
RTobles. Olgule -------------------------------------------------------- 15
Rod ri-nezDai 13
Rodige', David -----------------------------------------------------1
Rodriguez, .Tuan ------------------------------------------------------13
Rodriguez, Aiel -----------------------------------------------------16
Rodnicuez, Mirim ---------------------------------------------------- 16
Rodriguez, Pat ---------------------------------------------------------r
Rodriez, Pedro1----------------------------------------------------- -)
Rodriguez, Richie ------------------------------------------------------15
ROj as, Wilfredo ------------------------------------------------------ 15
Rol1an, Jesus Villanueva --------------------------------------------- 15
RIo(ln, Julio --------------------------------------------------------15, 2
Rolnero, Juan ---------------------------------------------------------15
Rosnio, Gilb ert-----------------------------------------------------------1I
Rovira, Carlito ------------------------------------------------------- I.
Roven, Carlos---------------------------------------------------- 15
Rvir Lu --------------------------------------------------------- 15
Rowvn. Ierbert -------------------------------------------------13, 18


Saauedra, Elba ------------------------------------------------8,11, 16, 20
Saint Tere-sa Welfare MNothers---------------------------------------- 34
Seanhe, Becya------------------------------------------------------1
Serrano, Beikya------------------------------------------------------ 15
Sermn, Cisco------------------------------------------------------ 1 1
SilversC leoC ---C -------------- --------------------- ---------------- C IC -Smith, Dr. Joseph S---------------------------------------------- 26
Socialist Workers Party--------------------------------------------- 34
Spirit of Logos/W hite Lightning------------------------------------- 49
Staten Island Community College ------------------------------- 28, 41, 42
Streit, Judge Saul S ------------------------------------------------ 25
Student Mobilization Committee--------------------------------------3'4
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) ---------------------- 22, 25, 34, 08
Convention (Chicago) --------------------------------------------4
National Convention----------------------------------------------8:4
Strike Coordinating Committee ------------------------------------ 11
Syracuse, N.Y -------------------------------------------------------296

Taino Tenants Association----------------------------------------Terroristic Activity, Part I (SIS S publication)-------------------------3
Testimony of Thomas Edward 'Mosher (SISS publication) -----------------4
Think Lincoln Committee -------------------------------------------25, 88(
Third World------------------------------------------------------ 21, 45
Conference--------------------------------------------------Third WVorld Committee of Solidarity with Vietnam------------------Third World Liberation Front---------------------------------------- 35
Third World Revelationist--------------------------------------------8
Third World Students League-----------------------------------------4
Third World Students Party----------------------------------------- 38
Third World Unity Conference---------------------------------------- 30
Tombs (New York City)---------------------------------------------- 260
Torres, Guadelupe------------ -------------------------------------- 16
Torres, Hector ------------------------------------------------------ 1
Torres, Jose A---------------------------------------------------- 13,18s

Union Theological Seminary------------------------------------------ 25
United Blac-k Coalition for Jobs in the Construction Industry --------------80)
United Methodist Church (New York) -------------------------------- 25. 8
United -Nations-------------------------------------------------28, 40-42
Special Committee on Decolonization -------------------------- 28, 40-42
United States ---------------------------------------------- 1,8, 24.,27. 29

Vasquez, Cisco ------------------------------------------------------ 13
Vega, Geofredo ----------------------------------------------------- 18
Vega, Louis ---------------------------------------------------------16G
Velasquez, David ---------------------------------------------------- 15
Venceremos Brigade ------------------------------------------------- 33New York Regional Committee ------------------------------------ 11
Venceremos Brigade (publication) --------------------------------831, 33-85
VeneerQonos Organization--------------------------------------------- 139
Viera, Rafael ---------------------------------------------------- 1
Vilella, Ivan --------------------------------------------------------18-9
Villagonlc z, iM1i------------------------------------------------------1

Washington Daily News ---------------------------------- -26, 30, 331,25, 38
Washington, D.C, ------------------------------------------------- 28, 40
W ashington Star -- - - - - - - - -- - - - - :,2 ,3


Weatherman -------------------------------------------------------39
Welfare and Working Mothers of Wicker Park ........ 35
Wicker Park Coalition for Welfare Rights .....................- 3
Wicker Park Public Aid Office 23
Wicker Park Welfare Office--------------------------------------- 30,32
Women Union --------------------------------------------------32, 45
Workers Federation ------------------------------------------------43

YLO (publication) --------------------------------------------12, 13, 15
Young Lords Organization (YLO)__1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 17, 18, 20-26, 29-35, 37-39
Bridgeport -----------------------------------------------------38
Bronx --------------------------------------17
Central Committee ----------------------------------------11, 17, 18
Chicago --------------------------------------------------29, 30, 38
East Coast Regional Central Committee ----------------------------18
E1 Barrio -----------------------------------------------------17
fteywood, Calif ---------------------------------------------4, 5, 17
National Headquarters ----------------------------------------4, 17
New York ------------------------------------- 4, 11, 17, 29, 36, 38, 39
Central Committee ------------------------------------------- 4
Central Staff -------------------------------------------- 17, 18
Newark --------------------------------------------------------17
Young Lords Party (YLP) ----1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 18, 20, 21, 24-27, 29, 31, 36, 39, 45
Aguadilla, 1'. -------------------------------------------------19
Bridgeport -----------------------------------------------------19
Bronx------------------------------------------------------- 18, 19
Central Committee --------------------------------5, 7, 8, 11, 18, 19, 20
El Barrio (East Harlem) -------------------------------------18, 19
First National Conference -------------------------------------- 5,8
hloboken -------------------------------------------------------19
Inmates Liberation Front --------------------------------------- 19
Lower East Side ------------------------------------------------19
National Congress ----------------------------------------------- 27
New 65th Infantry ----------------------------------------------19
Newark, N.J --------------------------------------------------18, 19
Philadelphia ---------------------------------------------------- 19
Ponce, P.R -----------------------------------------------------19
Young Patriots Organization -------------------------------- 22, 34-30, 39
Young Socialist Alliance --------------------------------------------- 35
Youth Against War and Facism. -------------------------------------35


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