OF FLORM Owwo
Irv 4m i
...... .. .. ..
biIo"tOt omw iaaione ......... ....... ....... .......... .. ... ..
a 6 5h h ig n.. .. .... .... . .
.. ... ... ...... ........ ..........
......... ... ...
I t .3. Recipieat's Accession No.
GF BCD 74 01 12
S. Kep;i7i Date
*,MSIVE AM DEVELOMNT PM
oerformiag ftauization Rept.
it LLt I I. Contract/Gram No.
LtEv, FLORIDA 32602 CPAFLn4-29-1Q_47
13. Type of Repon & Period AND tAWN DEVELOPMENT ...Covered
PREPARED AS SUMMRY REPORT OF CITY OF GAINESVILLE'S PREVIOUS RENEWAL 11M Vt AKALYSI ''Of MUSING COMITIONSU ; ":ECONOMIC BASE UPt ,
%tm*0F-'trV ': AWANALYSIS OF ENVIROWNTAL AND SOCIAL INPIN IN GENERAL DISCUSSED; STATUS OF EXISTING RECMIDERED; REPMTS COMPARED; ALLEGEDLY SIX Wow ENUttERATION
VTmwF_ rtRT9gNT KVS- THOEFM
POINTED OUT-, RECOMMENDO TARGET AREA IROTHENTrffr W AREA EXPLAINED; ESTXMTED COSTS FOR
IN-10MUE6 MU I&C.
ry And t i,4 1 crITIZ p*#4C44qAX,
wity Class rnis No. 'oi- pas-t S
W.Ti*arky Class fThia H. P rice
tract ........ ....... Aii
ju'St of Tables .........
f '' f. I
..... ..... .. .......
o iIAh Renewal Prograiii 66 f It 3
mqw&7", MWo I k RoportA' 6
Target Area ..... is
a pq *N)'q am Stt-At6a: ...........
ve Area Wyelopment Plan ...... 17
bUmtod Cost Of Plan Prepamtion .............. 20
0 *, 11 0 20
o"m ty ........
I Comiusion To Estima 23
loft' Idid, 30
OOUNWASKMON TR NIP" LISt Of TABLES
im t roU rw j T 4 Igo
tC4 W4#* f,
-of Owemig 6601Y Sit War-stAnuMeration i*MY 6f 9,&Mesvllle, Florida, 1972 13
.4towl prow w m an,
of Aft areo f U C M 1 R,
to 40 foes Ei
even in *me 4 A
LIST, OF AMS
TION DISTRICT 1644 PERCENTAGE OF SUBSTANDbum- lf BLOM . . . . . 7
li gu -'
V#MWTIN DISTRICT 1657 PERCENTAGE OF SUBSTANDMUSING WITS BY BLOCK ......... 8
WOMT104 DISTRICT 1648 PERCENTAGE OF SUBSTANDAM H= NG UNITS BY BLOCK ......................... 9
,,, ,HM DISTRICT 1660 PERCENTAGE OF SUBSTAND- 10
MUSIM-URITS BY BLOCK .........................
= TION DISTRICT 7656 PERCEATAGE OF SUBSTAND'mM, In uNiTs BY BLOCK ........ 11
WWW DISTRICT 1645 PERCEKTAGE OF SUBSTANDUNITS BY BLOCK ......................... 12
M W 100 To STATUS REPORT OF RENEWAL STUDIES
i" pMram regarding modern day communities and their problems
ted wre controversy than urban renewal. Consequently, urban
p4t, 14"t Ini'the sense dF federally assisted programs,, has underMAOMwAVU, itdefinition, and perhaps more noticeably, shifts
t*tj**W4Wby the Federal, bureaucracy, as both Congress and the Tatter
,W mkW tW- tht cmtroversy.
was simpli& tW cept: to Am* btrk put*me. of urban renewal original con &
6fbuik communities in need of a rebirth by removing ,W blighting influences. To accomplish-this,, there has evolved
rWWW4 w&terota 'variations ranging frm total clearance
A!h 4V*,sMMti04 of several areas. These program are briefly
A "t bd OW
Ui' F-b 6
Id be noted that the emphasis of renewal programs is on the physical,
tj ""A" the most dawging indictment of the progravi
WdwAe WM havepainted out that physical dMrioration is only larger social mala4y.
or sluo ( ot what6ver descriptivt term is used ):. :areas do ihft*41U, and thould be the focus of attention for local governin the absence of the Federal carrot, as is now the case with the '-of all Fedtral 06r&W Wis' this problem
tment of velopn*nt's overall
1A 0000" Of the pe"Y i t"Y
lb I PS
...... .... ....
tw L k ir' hP.
Sfi*V1*r#1 1 1 q*5 t a wtr
4 L I
ts ftac 1. # t e',
tt W 4#
ME ift Of
0# %WA*C* 4rv 4 vk y IW4 14&
V* vt+ L-r Wad j F:r 4*,r4o #*ZR la"h; 41 WW at th(riv T* f up&,) lw*
*od DjWM onrww L UrL
'S ves the upgrading of certain urban areas by
redevelopment,, rehabilitation., and conserr*
WNiois to provide for an adequate shelter to those i and obsolete housing. Related to these
six 6aJor iftiVities which make 'upgrading" possibTe. They
acquisition, relocation, demolition, siteimprovements,, land
t ils' complete clearance of deteriorated structures Ud'*Nboilding of neW'ones. Structures that are deter_.Cause it tosts more to$bring the structure up t4 ##n *Aat that structure is actually worth.
Fe rol, nrenowal requirements clearance and redevelop01M t may be cons' r4 Pro$ 0, e; idered ifooi*bf the following
4h Sb perti ht of W6 bul I di nos excluding &=essery Idin;js are structurally substandard, or:
at ofthe buildib4s are itructurally tWa of the buildi t be Oeikrt4 in
fir#6* svth'bl4;A* Wbiencts ''at., in0 ifftft4tibl*v -uses 6r Und tse, relationhaffAngs on the lard- 'extessive dwelliW V t bW*IdIWP hot -4014ble f6r improvementsl
? 1*71 Ir, itbir t"Ith W6f safety hazards.
1 dotcri bed above are essenti a I ly those
41*tion of deffeie pr, IkI
"a 6r 'foci I
*Vw660n,, bt' Iayout, and
it titit avid sri nifteoc',e"to justify
t% It, *W n
PC Th 5 4#, +
90 FMA P*newal Hand#J ngton
4 ,4 as DoCos
W #VMS but'still potsess tke potentiality of providing a
,%#nvfftfUiMt. Rthabilitation procedures include, but are not
ddltw developing vacamt I and; removing obsolete bui]4dina buildi' facades, providing new neighborhood
-AS,6p6a 4 Ing etc.'Y; and installing' new WiviNni
qwes 0 parksS
14i-1'A*nit1eS'(Wh as new electrical wiring). All or part of AMMIA in hopes of restoring an area to its original
t4t $ 00 the oWr Mod,, to bring about a mre appropriate use to
#4YtOtMFstM* above-mwtionod handbooO rehabilitation me SU a 11 ..iwy
-urkm properties in order to restore the *edo,i4l -Yal tms of Aeberioroating residential. and in Som cases
141 ams which, are basically sound and worth conserving and
ft'bvildt"ss public fartilities, and improvements ca'n be
triOd-a"d renewed to a long-term sound condition."
,r-f4*',#ekbi1!tat4on treatnOrr may be either the entire
qAly ai Siectionef theproject Area. Inany case, a re444% M&Y T061ade mtpt tleAfence 4 a order U ei ther repo"
6t or Ao provide lanUkcessary fbilpablic improvement.
t i is i
fofti. A!t0nsL"v&tkm,1"v"4s 'directed atAlhe prevention of
airmtly sowW living areas. It is a protective process desi ed
tly 04 rhoction of an afta wdlor neighborhood s
__11VW_1W*kqUte Miftcmhde-lof 'an area Whi-le Oreventing
4eveltopmuts of land and building structures. In short, the
aims at preventing deteriorAtion and blight so that
11111 111irt Md/ior fthabOitation. L a;4,tV, I i 1*, 7V7
4W Jr W,
bi 10do 4istW Mt by Way 0 fbur wJOr s epc't4mntlaftT Orto Renewal Project jPro"'.
I live4 -(MW),, Code DOIW4W UL oo6ent *arm
*W *W40 ft4j aft *OVAM t#* fol 1 ftq ng formAk"eftl PrograRa (CRP), demolition of uni*twiv & Osist to b i(ghted aro and
Ame I I as* dm, nstration
41W ** t 9
*WJ" 1) 4*191,
31MOMW1 MKOW I V- I V 4 WIS UUfTVUW
"pr"ch to the coa1 quistions
AL tV bf
Ytff_ I.-NIM M.
reamal Ject areas.
4000(16 HaodI, Wtion 1, Page 1: WatR-
j . .. ........... .
r6grajpjmeanwhile, can be viewed as a massive rehabils'ig'n6d to restore stability to potentially sound neighby A*thwIzing Federal grant monies for the planning, reviewing,
q4t4riag -of a Cour entreated 4ousing and building code enforcto the provision of adequate public facilities with.. dislocation, property acquisition,, and demolition of
-program allowed for the reimbursement to local authorie of reTocating families, individuals and businesses. In
theprwam provided rehabilitation loans and grants for low in. V
pantss :estding in project areas in order that they might
JbOr'bospes. Toqualify for Federal assistance under thiS re.a ProJect area had to be predominantly residential with at
rceni'of'the structures being in violation of code standards.
IQ71 14-In severely li;Oted the use of these funds by eli I
$,Iland acquisition, and new streets constructiO.'n: as e ... ..... ............
1100 1' Rehabilitation Gr4at Program was designed to: ISO 1 sidences and tenants and owners
'11YAPIrm I v s and families who own re ].Properties wi the mcessary funding in order that they r, uppra4e t:lr structure to accepUble coamnity jk'=,JCt,,, hwever,,, howe, rosided in certified I*W baihi fund by a t ent Prooram,
wwwwww"W a P %rut or a C & EnitttpOMent Program.
A 40, pd, ral wai es to carry mit aV of the 1,wwa as, si me the 1 mideot froze U m early tv 4# v i
4, t to,,40gres, A A61-ils, 1973s, a bill WMA.
u I d proqv i4de for approximately rI *tks j c wntias. and sta6s to
well t actiiritiis. The bi -was I-I I ical'oran "P*rogr%,M, n...
i ;W if) ce land, kWel cities, ACiJJtJe$,W PUbJiC faCilitYLloans, and rehabilitation a S I le OnM14 I block grant. The amount of funding a Ity =1 receive ww1d be based on sow formula which not a 4ourpunity received in the past from the Sropt prWam but also on factors relating to population,,
OlIftsWO flexibility in spending by city commission, 'At axpixitiva and disposition of properties,, rehabilitAtion WA the aaWtsition vW construction of public
1A th*ffrst place it VIOU14 allow a city SIOV ial commity development iotioo of the mw varatoewnt and
_4 4V to tWm Om t resm"sibility in
Itl IN #
WW physical development of the community the past often several other agencies had direct involvement.
W Uft is c lal meif that it would stimulate intergovernmental cooper*Ov fihiXUY 4t wbul& OMWte greater participation y citizens in
is1%arM*Aaq prbce5s by rtquirinq the city to publish a goal state,w, W caftmity 06jectives, respond to the''citizenry and revise,
i 6_1 wy; ,-the statemeots, before any monies wculd be ad dni.stered.,
AwWs vess*ge to Congress ontoustng, the President has asked ss consider an improved home improvement loan program, wheretta, get, qvnker, access to, home improvemAnt lsaft ,, have longer 06yowt Ow$90% and receixe hiowr moftq&W ......
W* afto r*4Ws44W.Cwvr4ess to vAke avaflabW1br fiscal :year 1:974 60 . .. ......
MA ffttr**"J1iU,,tUO, loans Section 312 "Rehabilitation Loan Pro') in order that comunities with projects underway could complete them 40,Ath Iocal r0mbi'litation, efftrts being da rried OWI*#O* sOft,**wt andencourageamt to omplett, them.:-..
the President encouraged the passage of the "Responsive GovernW W w(fW pr4*i de, $140 sti I I Im in, fis= I -year 1974 2 f br an'diomgetioet, *ctivities so that state and local s tan: establish goals, objectives and policies; prepare general
pow vw fftcv+# physical,, and capiUl iWovements' plans
cwrdinate planning activities; prepare regulatory and adAMMUrew *W takifte SrtMg1zr sanagtownt ocapW I i ti es, aW o
eMalu&ft pftgraw is', order that active, and
*AiqMate4y **v4sedJf necessoy. Ume it is pritmari1y.
esfrmtM "Responsive Govmaynot used to defray costs of acquisition, constructions,
4410ftt"ilitation of structures. This bill is presently before
"d it appftrs high7y unlikely that any Congressional action
I .Mhi I I n the near future. Even if it whould be passed
not become effective or provide money until fiscal year
040' tow* tb* five *WW% 40i% JistrictAhe 0~
ty_*4% 0" Oil V Ir u, 01
Or 40,oc A A
14*4" # J
OP AENM STUDIES
irit! of Two Reports
of. 49inesville's Department of Community Develdpment's 1:973
1 4ittAtive Malysis of Housing Conditions" the following five
".-tricts were determined to have the worst average housing
emi'l, b4s*4 on a, rating of all dwellings by the Housing Division.
U 11,, Page I of same report The first enumeration district
tke waftt average housing condition. They.,were:
A!, -Ifiw ;aocAted generally east of Waldo Ppad, West of NE.15th St.,
Wversity Avenue and NE 8th Avenue. See Map 2);
jj~ al ly 'Located north of Depot between Main Street and the
ftil "d. See Map 3)L .... .. ... ...
(g*wally located batw"n NW 2ad Street and MW 13th Street.
oorWof Wversity Avenut aM south of NW 8th Ave. See Map
A*-*-O"Ated svA* of tM Railroad between South Main Street and
-9"4. Ste Mp 4); and
44sifto' bistritt Area. Sek Map 6)
0f -Life: A Analysis of Einvireinaaic-at6rs*, the o lo inq six mtm*ration districts
We SOVAM the worst rmults reprding specific Ousi ng, 141.ftdt"tor virlab'les which wa- measured;
4 avenue area ea it of Waldo
'tbe worst avdta us4W worst sociaf eO4
which Mi 101-Y
least 50 pe of"
tka ftiu am or a-0-3*i,
Wit s sfx
... ... . . .................
PA 3, 1, Ic P.
-4 11 1*t A -i AT
i.A, 1, 1 t I i I i 4 -1 *Or
11 T "I C -F, i 'I Y F;
"i Tf I
.4 'L L 31
7 4L OL
IT 4C 'W I JJ
J* T" A "JI I
ID U 'r*4-j.- I-A
v oc 0
N, 0 Ir
V V A 49 q I
7.4r S- IL
4 k#r xn 2 t- ,
< A. v 44
4 1,* 4L rA
- -* iA 4
j fm lI mmV f ""FA p
-- ... IIIm ..mI I
# m #
1 4 4, t i I il
i I I i-JA lu
J L'iI i 1 1
0 Z' 00
Ztn 47:_+Pi______,:-_____,___ w
t7o .. .-O Az
. . . . .
jr r i4-r4
.... . .. ..... ...... ......... ..........
.... ... .....
E13 f! It LIU n
lis P i 7 4 's
El El M .1
0 X 0) 1
Erl 0 Lwa
17 X tj I Lj, j.
z (D T7
#01 t rM
t it does take a more comprehensive approach in analyzing both physical
olins) and social (health, education, welfare,, crime) variables,, it was
that the results of the second above-mentionedreportv"Quality
bf #d#ftpAo!Analysis of Environmental and ocial Indicatorsu should be
4eterMw target or priority areas in need of any form a*ft 4w- iA; pftysicol (rehabi I i tati.on of existi ng housi.,ng stKk) or ... ... .... ...
etaff realizes that the techniques utilized in the aforementioned rePUMwhich resulted in the distribution of the City of Gainesville enumera#AM 449tylcts according to increasing or decreasing quality of Iffe (OOL)
_m*&0bP4W11cs is not independent of arbitrary standards of measurement
Mwe WformtIon be added, existIng information be deleted at 4tat4st4cal prodedures be used, the particular distri4.u.tion
"n'tMoo, districts which evolved could be dramatically altered. How,ever, one camwt overlook the fact that the alleged six worst enumeration
ASWInts. as outlined in the QOLstudy,, five of these enumeration districts 4TRO Showed the worst average housing conditions as reported in "Qualitative
W flouking" report, reinforcing the hypothesis that social decay
44MPftlow) and physical decay (housing substandardness) are strongly
*4 i0f i Do,
ul wli Of $TRUCTURAL QUALITY OF DWELLING UNITS BY THE ALLEGEDLY SIX WORST
to #"4r UIXWTW# 814TRMTSt CITY OF GAIRESVILLEg, FLORIDA9, 1972
N N4 4
Uqjd r ts L .004
*4WAA**1i W040"', 12! 17
Nsw,.i4A*i I WOW "02
V*I& 0W 4,04; rot Vwid l 100.0
'W"Ii I i tatilon .8
06 ur ourita a tow fou, %j 470f
litalon 66 16
4' M4 Comm IN", Wt the t -44* jt
?WJ1FC W t*1 9#f -IT 14
I lit p ,41 4 V.A
QIIMMTON DISTRICT PERCENTAGE
UW units 100.0
T* bt Cleared, 7
In &Aad of Major Rehabi 11 tati on 34
In, of Mimr, Rebabi I i tati on 24 XT:k
Uted Standart 265
Total Wits 601 100.0
'To bo Cle*red, 6: -001
In Need of 'Ma4kw rehabilitation 88
JaNW of MitorReMbilitation 24 404
VAW Stan&r6W 483 ....... .... ... .80
.. ..... .
A&MW Mabilitation 11 .04
of Minor Rehabi I i tati on 42 .14
4 *tavvi ne, tho nuWwr,, type wid condi Von of dwel I i". tW C Ity 1 of Oa I fiesv i I I e a, tM ftousin Inspection rec&-dsi:., tthv "Uld-Survel-f-0 tho, exterior tonditlon of dwIlings, was % t*e ftrvi" ViOsiba,, Depairtmelitof Community Developmertt '14, jt*
and' Utonsistemy, the survey inspector" were
Z tIMMM to toa4vateorft,, t*e structuraT, plumbingg, and electrical
WOSz ft Wdiielliag wdt am* to avoid considering, amy. other
e#*4r*waoVdtfWevcies-(%Uth as trash on the premise, lack of 4nd'scapingand buffering between, adjacent structures, inapproi4Wtss etc.). A numerical rating of I 5 was linq unit." These'ratings are described as follows:
thWiy *Nftbitable ,,ooft; a'dilapidated structure;
*e*bRth**f4oaw,*oVPrwIde, tdoquattshel ter and is a, serious VowtWheifth,,: ,safttyq ahd-wOIl-bcAnq of the-occupa*ft.
111: lAttitoly if I Wmajor r"airs are perferm4 Owl Ot ONOC*014wef r4eded: co df
t 10 1 hzr W oari"* tomo4ste
10 L& A- of %ad
10SWo"W&U, to motto rMV4"i
t b"Okwueft cokwttioft to-eity
Wwtulft -Iit SUIT,
fS 00aWly used by social scientists as er,4 nftek of Research Desi n 9W York; David MCKay COmpa*,
to 0-t $"I -1-babilitation would DrobahlY be:. recommenddd under thi's classtt* ification. Minor repairs would include one or momof the folIeWng: repair of a minor nature to the electrical system*9
1*i *D 'l -repairs or replacemnt of plumbin fixtures (tub, shower,, Tavatory, flush toilet, water heater?; repair of a minor nature lo of-stractural portions not to include bearinq members such
49t #K- ;as leaks in theroof-, replacement of rotted or damaged boards
4W #Mq fit tho flooring- and/or exterior ftl1s; repair::holes in:interior walls and ceilings; repair broken windows, doors, screens; .... .. .. .. ....
*,W land minor repair to porch or steps.
ft ai mr- C. Oenotes a structure that has only minor or slight defects which should he repa i red as a part of normal and adequate maintenance
(3ach as lack of closet or floor space). is one that meets of r#V&r e-! Vwabsolute Minimum code requirement. .... .... .. ....
We c f t I'.
S. Denotes a structure that has no defects at all; a unit that.
Fsarpastat the minimm code requirements.
TOWj IL kv a t
$0 = "%--*f'4 and* would aid tn deHneating standard:: Ihovting Units And ..0" distrfas.
I -man parpft* for Wing the 1-5 rating scale was to promote re":.. ta MOW Lctths,-scalt" systto should be sufficiently precise$
to IF e so that'01 INIftons Wng'thti procedure would achieve
4oddition, it afforded sufficiently adequate de004AVom by being broad enough to cover -the entire spectrum of con'Ofttoft,* but narrow enough to be able to classify "conditions" of dwelonits as consistently and objectively as possible. If a larger
40 were provided (say 1-100), a greater possiblity for divergence
V Won would occur, thus promoting subjectivity and discouraging con-OSURCY and reliability. Provisions of numerical representations would
*146 #14 the computerizing of results.
UOMW Lkg mt Area
4OW I* am*-Vattained, "wally in emmration district 1644 does appear
-.1 0 sow citizen interest and organization, as well as community
thus wwre assuring that some communication and cooperation
the site is prwinent and close to the Central Bus(0*), Uws pr4widing mot assurance in terms of land relitn simm Oe area did show the fifth worst results of all disthe Percentage of substandard dwelling units, the worst reall the social 4ad environmental variables which were
'tt*, 4 OUU of Life SUWy, vW the greatest. amotint of housing
of vajor rehabil4tatioo (127),, it is the feeling of the Planning
on 4,imtrict 1644 should be considered first and fortwst to AW "a of gommity development program.
both OW d4t* outlined in VW "Qwlitative
of W;* An Analysis of Environmental and t4ol, that this district was fifth highest
w1h*4W1fteaUqe of sOstandardhousing:.u.nits:,,,: had th third worst, averb*,ftg Odre, had the third lowest relative housing Value, had the
third lowest percentage of units-with a telephone available., and had the
*tIOd *44hMt 'PeMentage of units that were Occupied by Blacks:...
*4Wdfti'W4 MlWration distri-ct 1644 in 1970, had the highest percent*$*fO'P*W4M'b'nndW*Lfe type families with children who are 18 year!s o1d
i4 M Ind, theto-1,ghest, pertentage female-ds-head-of -househoid faiwi Ties
behavior, this district rated fifth in crilni.nall be.havWt**,"V6. to crimes of violence* second in property crimso and.first ... ... .....
'T#W district was first in reported tuberculosis cases, and first in cases 449ease in 19M It also had the second highest death
4TV4*Stritts for that same year.
i14W tim edoc*tional achievewt indicators, 16,44 showe id 4som eof the T*Wrehension test results (5th lowest in average .. e 4th, 6th ,,aft* reading comprehension t'est scGres) and third lowest in Florida
Wacqwmt TestScare results of all, the districts for 1970,tW am& *U*md, soft of the highest welfare recipiency rates 1* families with dependent children, aid to dependent children, and aid
1970jvM1ereY"li*q that nearly all the hoqseholds AWaAmowd lvn tMn 16,,WQ iij 1971.
...... ....... ... .. .. ...
how 1" 40, IL # f4 n frow 4
tA "'it t 4 rw J 'fv' rj I *h. 11 t'
*Cale OW W kv t4
*Ott It* 64r 106t*$' n4 X*0 "i,
Vt r'z atfoctka rw.,v it
PT W I'D
theo wtth4vt L"M N I t gAl. u Ito C11 W; t f 'Ir ota
fIr i JJV -0 frlff t 'P *kft
Y*J.' Y*Y t' V*'-n 67 #
P"MiNG PROGRAM STRATEGY: AN INTE01VE AREA: DEVELOPMENT
As em"Wre& JA, prior settions' two important considerations must-ber-ackiVwledVot*)a4i#e to, Immching any kind of program designed to uprgade an area tMtu0,urb+an+r*mwa4. First of all, the Federal programs have not
Atoofther suemsfuland almost always have been an expensive....kUndertakinq fft**t+with votroversy. Secondly,, there are presently nq available Fad"*l ft +, wi-thout which few cities -have, been able to,:Carry: On such pro(rams. Where,, therefore, does this leave the City of Gainesville
its- Ittitimate need to:provide healthfull and-blight*WvvMd0warwW'Ae4qhborhoods" as outlined:Ja. the CoWrehensive Deve lapWt Plan?
The CitVr0-VrtftrMy 4w. the prvgess of implementing a short-range. housing
0j*wi*WA+1,1ft#nce Program)+ with $50,000 of federal..revemw shar*qA*s d**reW,,+ 20-W selected low and n derate iscom+ families way, U+ *ffttdr&AOr*ady aKistiog standard housiog in 'the gemr-al neighborhoods .. ... ... .... .
Vtis prOgram may contribute to the resolutfon of the overall pro*woa4m hous ijag4 it does not,, per se, -addms tt* pre-:Awwmerms4vf the wtaff that there are two vol essential elements
t1be tomdftred.4a atteVtin-to develop a rat program for such mst be on reMbilitation of ekistft-,wft twasiv*y ow Unger dowt*T-e or feasible to coroK..
*tat& -U*ai+, al esrssm+ ++*Od r*deyelopment prcgrams 0 Wone
on redevelopment in the United Mr- Edward Logue, itated in testimony before the Douglas Comission
+ + lot A 14 Vj rjW "Dnirt() jj# tv+ *4 A +
Adoes aWtbiaq o0w than
futi4e drem er.4wse there ts, iku OwVi "- y VW to lw *, tk*+ bu 1 14oze r w ork on the .. .. .......
44104 1 a 40A to ft+4 n k 1*+ t would work." ....
17ing argument for rehabilitation being perferred
11 #1 14*nftKtaffvr1d+ ft +11i ve -upri *ny Vi gal ftomt port lm+s and under the present
U P+tt* I freeze + itions is likely to continue to be,, the source of
44 to he t for w) r 4 A *+ t i, # r + *-.
Awe # lg
00 'k- ot, w**iiwjpj tMt any planning must Involve the
otftsd of neigh4oihood; it must involve planning with the
*MAN"SWI A&;. 0 idw Vtow: --,+
7 1 70
rams of pbysical change for neighborhoods of
T-T -.9lieSM11 &-" -Jefore the National ComVOL -1=+*-14ayy,-JUr*, 1957; dialfii& $ Few Haven, of Edward Logue,' Page 190, U.S.
. ........... ............... .....
professor of city planning, Corwin Mocine, states in
**A 1 ittached'herto (SeeAppendix, page 24)r:
*OUm oi xe4-vse4 neighborhood are often strong human communities.
-,*erfj t4tj O vffoft to Ofar and redevel op such areas for.
411ff t u4e has 4rougbt intense, persistent opposition from the
=d Iof "t'ti area. Ifift resistance has demonstrated that:de.Wl =
,g d often admitted environmental deficiencies, such
4011 are*val'ued-*by' their residents, who-wish to. renwia."
00 wic Uiediiis 0i' thd'City'ls nnewil studies are set forth in two sen"rall PTo9r4m,,Des1i9n1D. They reod as follows: .... .... .
itilyo oLf this pft9ram to n qtmtify the earlier deIbr so* r&wwal treatmwrt, (as called forAn is,, Well as t iderttify any other areas which
-A fUrther objective is to suggest:.what ktype Vor 6W;erwise, school be 94ven theivario4a nd'finally, to 'establish sow genwal priorty
A ... .. .....
W"=U VrWOtftd this broad charge for the City CommisUfte"ent endorsewnt, the urban renewal programs of the Federal
WII Imere existent. Therefore, a much more in-depth examination A*UVWtJ$", of treatrent, and likely costs of same, were envisioned for
Os ely to qualify than has been.set forth herein. It is now
oof the staff that mon productive use of the staff s time
OM 4%00t ftw4ohe pmpw w0irted her6inafter,,.,and that the
4AW-4ftmosion we than adequately sustains the choice of enumeration 414AHtt 160 -as first priarty for treatment.
ftthWirfofe the objective of the Department of Community Development
UuW #W/zonlng plan which would encourage the retention of
fat0c of the r*fqhborhoodas it presently exists and that would
aslo mible reflKt the goals and preferences, the social, cul- -1 Owsioal dvm7opwAmVredevelopment rteeds- of. the citizens
*"W" 04 district 1644. This can be accomplished through
,tswOnv= ta* district 1644 as the initial neighborhood e AfteSmIspMent Plan OADP);
SUMq a temwoy bramh office of the Planning Division in 41 AdW404A**OwW to better work with the area residents at detri ct zoai ng c I a, s s i f fca ti on vomem, Aort di;
Wioble to the 4(istritt to question which will
AefOW rh"& Plaroin, Vol 39,
of Plamift's OfficiAlst ChIcagot Gct0 t Development '*Sectioa 500.0. Renewal
1973. Page 23.
account specific performance standards required to conparticular land uses of the area with considerations given
4ieto #eight density,, and design standards (See Appendix); and
Avel a.14nd use/zoning plan in conjuction with the citizens
st s *1 Not ighhod, in order' to determfne!.
dbaser. 8siggated land use for each pare in the. neighborhood;
of te acetable future use for each prceTl in the nigho rhoo0d;
36th ye otiecssary land uses that shoul be6: removed; and
arms t othbd Tend uses in the area. Oft CPH d
$$ t t th ty Of as- Cofnted wi th a University of Florida Archclass to study, evaluate, and provide alternative urban designs
TOMMb e rtMwa. The choice- of. enumeration district. 1644
at afr an Intensive Area Development Plan would provide
tive efforts at a truly comprehensive plan for both the
D Strict (abuneraiion district 1649 -See Whp 6) and
I 5 <1644. Thy commercial, medical, and transportation *'5 M dftof epu*erition district 1644 can by accomodated
4 a tyd)thrt, ft example, in -aryreaksiderations: of
Ifts t' flred~.wi ~
VUW Otbf4si 1 4 risr M aur wwhab i
te fte!d of ftinor ref**abTItf t' M
OVgIO 604h at Pe-e hation bae o- Aovr t" ---> q
of 'PI dti on ..... ... ... ...
Frepar .. ...
i6dlibf the estimates Whichfollow with regatoft:to 01 ayt rIrIIVIaVtth&,t the effort should be an intensive, concentrated enA 'this assumption is based on two essential factors. One is that
WWU be easier and more productive to stimulate and hold the interest
aft& residents for such a short time frame. Secondly, it was assumed atftnds reftining in the current 701 program (which ends W diOLAAOi t6 this efforts: A practical- difficulty is in that we must firs.t recruit a qualified
Witr*iH* the area residents in a sWh period of time. We
fidn I t however, that we can successfully recruit such a person,
7 laft* V*0$k&re4 by abodt Noveiber.
ei ts needs and desires ..................... $89000
.... ... ... ....
r's ful I -time 8 monfhs $109800
"Ie"r,, mite students
I ;LMWI 0 ", S *ft iM aneous $24 SIM
0 joa+.ftrials, rental of V
Co a go" *a* 0.6,44,40*64 0. 0 to 1.11000
peft of thfg year I's pmprehensive plandnoiinj JOIj 1, 1974. The rematnd&
,asft f I's 701 Program. 'Tn
;rt Of next yeai
000 i*Abe omvious, report, such as is"''O. Wuld 'be ibsorWd through the onthe fol IoWi" 'results of the eval ua W4IU IR emporation district 1644:
pot C-w4f" -0 Aij*j'Ij'_4
41410W istlow "bwfkkoi ng, ML. & 41
se up to the abId !er imi t for
is estimated approximately 183 housing units in need of minor it the very least, $1,,500 worth of materials e4ettivtlY bring them up to minimum code Wquiremelnts... It
ftteO 1ha 'Utt guess" estimat6s are strongly felt to be
i4e. The result is the fo I 1owl ng breakdown. of housing
lit' bn 1644:
. .... .... .........
of tMits 731 100
I i tation/0 earance :: 60:: 908 need of minor rehabilitation 183 .25
A&ISU4 ,toad 488 .7
tl* 60'WM- t resi&ntial struktur S, (by enforcing,+lous"
Worft residential sttuctUres wodl d.: imt .... ... .. .. .....
AretfAf I MW artl resf&ntial' structures in aitnor disrOalir:
t 1! $2741,500
Crop V6 P)
ths"10tthe individual housing quality, Should the
*11WITWCOP"dOmd for improvement, the Commission should Videt system. To pave (i.e. streetsi ima "4014ntUl 4t"ets (i.e. N.W. 3rd,, 5th and
*d;' .W- VWl"It.1i. #th, *.-W. 70th, and N.W. 12th Street&).
per linear foot, or $834,960. 'W4*,79W,- ViOrt Oft1d, be vots of acquisition or cersbeci4l facilities that miqht be 'necessary
t i, t ,swid The wted that
I a P#*Vsn "k*.
,An enumeration district 1644, a semi-payin.9 V To complete this program will cost
t 'T et Uft's iwh i ch tood "t be-re*ab4liOia*' 4WId W -purehase4 and;. ';eW0i*!9 ofthe C"t of R;iess'6rls *rwcords. It vms low Mrket Volve 4y the tWe of 110 *S,1trtWtdf* wtS usestvd at, Li b#KsMo*'*f %these 'ptopertt"
1*rik tvW4 on,-, the,,,* a ve rtge,
0*40cfal st)vctusw ApproxI p -detormine km many such
fWily and 69 aultiPe familyl
iANOsed'value (AV) is $3.77 million.; therefore,, to acquire
would' cost $4.72 mil on Similprily, to acquire x f I i.
es M ial properties would cost an-addi6oval $3.94
Noin N IdtiR
0411'fwt, or a total $8.66 million. Again, it must be noted that total
PW'14 W 4trvmely unli.kely today. If the emphasis is to be.
1T ion (as opposed to simple code enforcement) purchase woul:d
r, For,.example, if one.were to assAme a purchase of
pro4abl s now very deteriorated
00,000 while purchase of 21 (arbitrarily 10%) of ti a units would cost $450,WO or $950,000 in acquisition
scale renewal program. would require the assembly qf a ronewO staff plus the cost of clearing buildings and lj*Oements. (Code enforcement and rehabilitation e'p O$umably would be under a shifted ie-rernphasis by VviOb krs 6nnel). It is impossible to Accuraiely deterft oi Jmate of aftinistrative cost was 12-15% of in'the a ea of $11$AO for minimal clear'me k leara;ce progri .... ...... .. .. ..
Y, V estimates of possible costs#' cumulai' ei4 toug not
of renewal and/or improvements are as follows: tot'
tlearam* of 60 units through code enforcement of 60 units
lthftbiliution of 183 units 274,000
paving of major streets 8341,960
Ition of 60 residential structures 500 000
sition of 21 wm-residential structures 450,000
Istration of a minimal renewal pr"ram 1159000
r1'U*raft* of the whole project area $10+ million
Coo s For Establishment of a Penoanent Comunity Counseling
14 the dismssion and the report presented to the City
10YOW iwoment of the neighborhood under consideration
O'K.IV'4k' tymptow of what i s bel i eved to be the I a rger prob I em i n
s. It was suggested that all of the social services and AeW to be coocentrated in the area, in order to g*afte in the qpajity of life for the residents OWUSJU if not imposs6le. to estimate atthis point what
be, 4'4c** the nocessa7 attention on this area to bring it
1- i Ity ;v,"e, At a minimum,, however., it is belteved
Wi t reside in the area to-coordinate
agencles as have been mentioned. ThereOstima to provide for such a person.
OM Sec"taryl, PTUS part-time 253000
Otllitiess, Offit* sopplies 52000
Mnre-occurring Capital Outlay (purchase &*rehabilit Nation of a substandard house or storefront) 10,500
Office Equipment 12229.
Grand Total First Year's Outlay $42,100
.IB triq f0., it
e~~d49'dit @se ty~pe effort wou1d dloubtleseqre oniral
tftafff~lir perhaps-on the order of the above plus the:$775,000 adye,.otidevrcftt estimated for renewal, plus some of the physically1 i'mproAMhkthelesie## To Estimates
$th ab 40 #ttetes must be assumed to be of the very rOughes nature.
MFM~b~ he yionary thrust of the staff's proposalwas to develop a plan
Dr th"a to follow in bringing this comunity up to a stable physical
V1*4k T o tend 0hat this efitt be launched, irrespective of the.
Mailttendedcost*hish mtight-follow, in order to speed up the pre$46t@9 4kitplakt be such a Pla is prepared, we can better es' th@ otf T 40Mettiee. In any event, we do not feel thatay
4d b4r ated ato tftiAde with the preparation of the pla4o
sit ou ILI ... ..
gggAcot S QtAt
4ecent eore +u n* ,-A.
mt* w VWA 1 vIe#
or~~~~f jy 4ie s ea
*tow 1s07' blyW isighe togMrar
the or edowope ledusi '
'iONING OLDER CITY NEIGHBORHOODS11.
hw By Corwin. Mci ne
s .949,, Congress established as a national goal "A decent
ititAble i rGnment for every American family." Then, in
F4, ",4, t t, *n Co=dssion on Urban, Housin (the Katser comittee) said
,tq tia a respectable start toward that goal, we would have to
lion new an4 reMbilitated units in 10 years. Weare stij).
ing that goal and have, in fact, fallen behind already. But
tsmer c ttee also noted that new housing added only two to three per
0, the "Atioaal housing stock. It has thus become necessaryVthe-prqAectioa, and rehabilitation of the existing: stodk....
a Mr rt in.our national housing policy.
6- i .'164F
qr*l" _'* bwsing needing care is located in the central cities
,or, aiAkk4e neighborhood But far from Jevel oping a....
"4W of., *Pswving arA tqWadi such neighborhoods, our public
1*4otered thOr 4eteriora0oa,,. 'the property tax rewards oldor, rverties aM pen4lizes improv vt wi th higher
apdfire odes place difficult ba"iers in the way of
G 4r t'U4j1yj, designating such neigWrhoods fori,.!..
As we usually 4o. leaves, the residents
rs thou from maki"all but minorre-. poiv66nforminq uses
41, 9= toi n Misi ,p)Ay an iqwUnt role in nattions, as to whether public effort b# invesfed in old, run-dowh, mixed-use neighborhoods that
for tqdu4 UUI use. There are strong ow V Wi4W)VW ock 01AW ne-#~QQ"
*,ftwk.4,trovig huwan conaunities. Xearly areas for difftrent use ims i44"AWWtho residents of the area. This t****s, w4 oftea a4witteO eovw, 4M -v beir residents, who
lk"k *f !Werw, f 1 r, 4
0 ro ocat kw could be overcome, available redevelopment
Z three deca4m In
stricts -account for 10.6 k ja_ eWjl 4q- i ty; the 66;;-City areas. In addition, marly bas been slower than original
'fadqr4l rMW, eighborhoods.
oa &am, for residential use provide
Ar 'Voovonw, vse.
to" site usually pushes land
Of 44WO fA I
J0010M UcIeV *Pl'&n4n*ing
IMP W PMMM OF
in WAAM OF MAMUZAN so= too"
ott to tolstr-Wocls f#,r beyo the costs of "Availdble:properly devestrial nd nearby. The cost of demolishing the houses, adds to '40
OftAnal is of rehabil' an capital InWst*%?l YS itati must include public
W04mmt as well as'the "going concern" value of public and quasi-public iniol ,, Ayonthough-both may be less than adequatew The assignment-of
Y frastructure, as well as the service networks established
f4m, "4,nd,'reli9ious institutions, could tip the balance Of: an 400M I Cat rginal program toward maintaining the residential community.
om tt a e4 investment, on the other1and, are convertible to non#
j0W-*0," iqh"b',6rho6ds are usually more co nvenient '6 P111 i C tra fit i t Jobs
VWA rimje U public services (especially important to low-income families)
VW "pmajti#s ,. Jobs have been moving to the SUburrbs, along with
A s rvices, but the new suburban industries are sel04100+ area. and a" thus poorly served by public transit.
-vwk r i-skilTed worker must move to the vicinity of the new
"A'h"Siog and thep (unlike the central city worker) )+ nd tooaepotential w*lQyer. Other services in a, 'Ifare. and family counseling? as' well as church
often, lacking in the jciniiIty of the new ;11; ions may change over the years, they
for a centralribsidpntial locatjoh, 'Oar mo g,
W es itL St Citigs. Since PeqPle will be livin
k+1 4;44 i
b #oo# for 1,,D- or 20 yvars i t i s a serl ous cha I Te nge P pyo the q ajity of the, inner neighborhoods. We
ptMty 04 saiisfactloo' for those people who k or fr. i jqe4pegsity.,
*C Jor dM -4- 1
jppeai ,, to bavg, sow. proMI se i n solving this proOn rvitloh' Dist'rict. Ithas been developod for mw Zboing ordinance now in prepar-41ion.
we' is deti" ress, inc I ude
ti ruct'Oft aria a '16 i lev61 of munidpal, 6ts for which no market exists; and.
A 'Ouragemat on, the part of rp-..
PW part of geno #j ly marginar ah
Vil- UM, One hand,, and
r alue: on'ihe other', current . . . . . . -40AW11, VW itou ,, rproftetive in terms of both resident,41
r ttje cohservatj
Al Use's ii'tbe
-01 4 iiv
T*f W. f agrant
toc CM cod I Ak 4 f
cofit"n nucmnsfripoin h uulcm
it yO AItts
tl! ~ fvd lal salshdmcaimfrpr cpto
'o!I 4rsdhsadonr ntepann n mrvmn
4*4 t ae'
'*s1fe6 i*ta mrvmnti ieyt oei ml n
!(IITOM~ ms f o-yltbss n hrfr tms vi
#1q ,Ie"i A- d ap ,o he
Si h ai rga hudb ihntecpblte ftec yo
thiony n ne t otorte hndpniguo h
it rW Wup-dcal viaiiyo eea rohroti
.. . .. ...
.. .. ..
4t1 W St i h ai rgamsol esfiinl le~l
ftv11f fwaee usd is r vial;i attepo:
|1 tW iv l'o tdl'isie n lctsc sitne
%U bfM* 1lto ftiswdl xsigpolm h
rato oigOsritwl rvd nwwyo sn h
e !ta hfceisiso edsrc
a4tsamxtr fln se hc ol
WlffW,0 s40eofti ditrit-sand t iclues ean
Od!e thnmrl egtadbl
Wv* T~heryofth cosevaio dstic
11 Uhk)|6AAI cntttsacm
-eeomo hc elce rdtoa oig
Y srwl o h ae.Bsctmh
NegbrodCnevto ln o-yltshm o
--i e n feitigueadcnaiigplce n
'proqr I m v;6u I d prolv i de a mueb mbre:sophisticated Use of
rMance, Itandards which could be tailored to the needs of
o n Othough most dwellings in such,.areas are or were
i4le resi'dences, it is not'l
..r family -ikely'rthat this environ-family buildings.
,,act.any.substantial number of new single
nt Ould coo fst of conversions of exi'sting dwellings to multitlt*:'co struction of new, usiually small, apartment houses'.
co6sO*vation plan would therfore have to include standards
for'the construction of new residential buildings and the
0 nos to'Protect light, air, and the neighborhood charac. ..... ...
tes ioefitffied for commercial or industrial use, development.
0:19roofnew industrial structures. The plan, therefore, should
MO'itindards to guarantee anIndutteial operation compatible PLAidentidl-edmercial neighborhood. The plan should also in0owinsertion of the new structure through specificrequirements
blulk Of structure, off-street parking and loading'and land1 _eiOlOg. tt would seem desirable to es tab I s":.h a Site plan:
kLm s fo
01 Pro r all new construction.
IT*estibTishments and services such as grocery: 's t6ret V*Stollne stations should be designated. Even services designed tria uses should be included. The plan w9g1d tNTl; 4AU66S Ifid estent of S'udh strOte centers if po sible
e#ablish thLt Standards and Oriciples by which deIt .141 us's'would he madie.,
'tr ]Aktkffent the Wighborhood CoAservatton Plan.wWould
.... ... ..
_tq u e of ebr parc91 in,: distfictw
of Ow acceptable fvture use of each p4rcel...with an
4 for the removal of an use which.
od be made to fit into the envirOnAi on of any "ses needed by the:
'tr0l*the exte n I effects of:
and "iftlifiet*+br the
sti"?, labric,,or refort to 'I It toin'orbvisi6fts for
60,1,6tf4stieet rk i ng,
SU* of P"Alopm, vr- f"A q
PF 0 F
iM00 ~ 'tepa uttk lc ntenihoho.I
totr ij ep sbet sals:atmoayofieo'-h lnii
ieW W ka'hl h lni en eeoe.:Teeaesv
rfeCligta uhapann rga ih lctamr
veo osrciersos hnhaesc rgasa eeeomn
ciis isteojc ftepa st elwt h eg
to|,4*a tiwt iiu f ipaeetadrdclcag. Ti
torasrn!opol h aelere odsrs oemn n i U ~ .Scntepormi nertecnrlo h omnt t
4*1M hrfr edno aetefeun ndsutfigdly n
,| 4" tws ootnascae ihmr miiu rgaswihrl 17 1Im Wsigo.Tid h osrainznn ititsol
ow thttepormisra n sfl
#A tbt ad h e znn ln ol hne eyltl ntenih
bu tmudpoietelgl diitaie n scooia
toarltvl mlmnmal readpoiigfrfl omnt
F a nld h nrdet o civ oescesweemr
.. . .. . .
"tf s !1 14.)so'
t 1 14
t YU! 4L xjL
ft C W er
Olt 4 REFERENCES
Richard W. Processes, Policies, and Problems of the Urban Renewal,
MrA Model, Cities Pro rams. Master's Essay,, Wayne State
F Nw1w VI-o'e" 19 7 11 '%t.-Otia"vi'lle Departwnt of Community Development, Economic Base Update, ive Plan Report #GF DCD 73 Ols 1973
eDewtment of Commnity Development,, Housing in Gainesvill
ive Pl4n Report #GF DCD 73 03, 1973
ijwSYij1e D"artment of Community Development,, Qualitative Analysis $WN-;o0djtions,,, Comprehensive Plan Report #GF DCD 73 02, 1973
Ilt Department of Community Development, QualiY of Life; An
s af Environmental and Social Indicators Comprehensive Plan
VRF00 73 R 9 197
Ile Dep krtment of Cmwnity Development, '*Section 5M.0, Renewal,,u
Pm i February, 1973., p. 23
1 smoUsvido *Shaping a Kew Brand of Community Development" Nation's
Vol. Ilt No. 7w pp. 8-12,, National League of Cities, Washington
Ogwndup of the Administrition's Special Revenue Sharing !'"llett-ers Vol. 8. No. 8. pp. 1-8, American Institute 7r"7f-- October 1973
It-, ToWelmisive Planning AnemWnts,* Planners RolllastituU of Planners Rq*rt #73-17, Washington, D.C.,
*Tb* IstUr Commmities Act* Planners Rollcall.,
oil Mows kWt #73-5,, Washington, XpHl
!Udlq 014tw City Neighborhoods,* Planning,, Vol. 39 Ur V of Plawfug officiaTs. icaigo,,
ceuncil Ne"lettert "Kouse Cuts FY :a 67$, p. Washingtow,
BOOM ow Nati onal coma
;,Baltimft, Nw Haven.
-WO 11 i k,
hot- tit, "Aly I