E, C T Z S T S U R V 2 Y 3 U L L E T 1 17
'Vol. 13 AP r i 1 1, 1933
THE '-TORE, I'Z-0RT,",7 RECORDS OR C' 1 3 3 3
The army c7itworm, is causing T- damaCe to v neit and oat-, in central -.-)nd, so7atllern Xansas, and the entire northTester- --,)art bf 0'71 t1l_0111a.
heavy infestation OIL' 7'iessien ly laxsee:__s extends across central
ri. Infestation is also ratL-ier ir. south- cent ral :, 'ebras'.--_. 7,1-_e, t s7o- --n a'L*ter the fly-free date in "he, East Centr l States aTxpears to be in .,- ood conJition. That so,,--n -orior to this. Iatp- in ,,;est-ern Illinois is carry-im-,, a .36 ror cent infestation.
S-arvival of the s-agarcame borer is in o,.-in _, a-c-oarently to severe cold in early Febr-aary.
In the northern -part Of the East Central States codling; moth ran
as hiP-h as 50 -rer cent. TAs is probably associated ten-er,-t-, res ran,-,in. :belov.: 2-'Pbelo,:, zero during the --inter.
The first adult of the oriental fr-ait -rot.*.--, e,.,ier -,ed in soi,t--ern Geor--i !
March 12 and in Soath Carolina 1-:arcia 24. No c-ner, ence 1.as r(--r)orteJ, froT the States farther north.
he ml-am c-arc-ilio started lea !in,, hibF;rn,. tion in n,, .bor darin- e week in 'Marclll in GeorFia. T'nis is abo-"It thenor--m-,.l ti7c for c-.,ierc--ence.
Considerable -1awage h,-,- been done. to or. -n-:E- I,, t,-e Erecn an_,,id
throaghoat a large -oart of tne 'a-Z* Yior!,( a. 7 c !a-i,-),, i-Z,
not so severe as in --orevio-as oatbrea'-.s.
Buffalo -nats are again in tl e T i
of livestoc_ c have been reported.
In this number of the S-ar:e-; e e ab s-=".
.1 : li -rir-,r Of i- ,ect
conditions d-aring 1932 in Brazil and Costa _R i i .
G E IT 2 R A L F E E E R S
Virgi n ia H. G. Walicer (,arcln 2.5): C ;_tv-orms are
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (", rch 2.F): Army cutwor-s
have been ca,--isinF. considerable drvn,,.,-e to nn6 tc oat,- i Of
counties. There may be morc th,-n one speclcF ol iorm- invo'v !-,.
na'no. bseen determined at the pre sent writing. Injiury, began very early in
the s ou hern p,-r of the State. The w..orm-s bccme active at Kingman wht.en the
te-,mTMer? ture began to rise about two days following a drop to 14 deg:7rees bclow.
zero. Reports of injury to tihtt,.t and: some oa! ts 1:m-ve been receive, : since ..arcea 10 from Sumner cand Co,.ley Counties, ;,here injury has bee-n -re rtet
:nga~nHarvey, Mc~herson, and ScAd1wick Counties, w here injury :-.as been next
in 7,4a-r:'ity; and Reno, Russell, and Saline Counties, where injury h,-s beer.
least severe. Two reports from Salina and M ont Hope stated that the worms
woeinjiari ng al fal fa. They are rather plentiful at Mahtabut thus far
no injury has been reported.
O'kia hoz. C. F. Stiles (M1,arch 22): Cutworms a-;re ver abundant ir. wneat A
Plfrilfa fields in western Okclahom-a. T"he western army cutworm "C. auxilifris)
:this time is present in large numbers in Noble, Crrfield, Mlaine, and
Ma-jor Counties and from mEager repoorts I understand thA the entire northwestern-rpart of the State is infested. Son-e wheat fields hc-ve een severely
damaged anid alfalfa is showing effects of injury. Owing to thne vide distribution of these pests over the fie lds, 11a-r, ers do not think it is practical
to noiso. -A this time. If weather conditions are favora-blE, for their development we may expect r-erious da._zmge to some -whett fields.
Lou isziana. 77. E. Hinds (Ma,.rch 28): Cutworms are moder-.tely abCunula-nt in gardens
and on young corn at Baton Rous-e.
U tah. 13. F. Knolton (March 21): Cutworms ;are moder tely !7bundiant in. some
-o-stiares in Tooele County.
AR14YWOM.: (Cizhis uniouncta a)
South Ca rolina. F. Sherman (Ma rch 25): An .adult was takjen in a li-ht trap at
Clemson College Mrch 18.
T.T GRUB1S (Plg-llorpha ga sp-p.)
;veSt Vir.--inia. L. 14. Peairs (14arch 23): ~7ite g-rubs are moder, +ely ab-.dant rt
Mo r-:n towv;n. They are beginnin-7 to show in early plowing;.
Indiana. j. J. Davis (I.arch 27): Anticipate white 7,rulo trouble e in 193:3.
Illinois. 7. P. Flint (.arch 22): From present inform ation on1 Vwite rb m~
an,-' a, partial survey made in the fall of 1972, nearly one-fourth. of the icld
in nort'lirn Illinois show.- a population sufficient to cause damac e to corn
durw'the sumrof 1933~. These grubs are a i~xueof both Br-ood A and
Brood B, Brood A being by far the m-ore abxwd I~ant, nalth,'ouch serious damefrom Brood B -.ay: also occ-ar during thc early -per' of -,e season. Population counts
in this oef-tion of the State show thA most ti-mot'.y, and blue-,grass ficlds
'ryfrom- 10 to 35 grubs per squ,,are yard.
J. T% B tr (MIarchi 21): 7hite rasare very abundadnt-abcout the same as in
Ij.Y in %-,-stern Illinois.
I ow C. J. Drnke (M'arch 21): 7'hitoe -rabs, Brood A, arc very nb-in-int.
7si ;on 0 i r. C. LJ. Fluke K:.,arc1. 24) : Th hie rubo should ble un-asually destrn,Ctive
tiiis se'aon, -at the arconia ye-.r of t"he cycle, Brood "A", is duc in "iscollsin.
Missol r*. I. 'Haseman 'March 2-2 Two --necie- of Ji-ine -eetles were r- in
th e o13 r e C i no h e -. o 11 s o i 1 t C o lu--,c i C 111a r cn I E to
Lou i s i ana T. Z. Hinds 'IL,.rch 2& in- a period of -.,.-arm ni- s -,.t oat tl-e
-midlie cf ar, h, PhyiloT h -_a r 0 n4_ r J-dalts -;.-ere flyin,- in q- A-e lar:-e ra;:--._-erz.
vVI-nM'TC- ILII S k'EI!_-teridae)
K e n t ac ky 7. A. Price 241'1 A rcrn v;ireviorm anot--is sp. .1-s fo- nal doinF
serlo,is da-".age to lettuce It St. 10.attliews on ',v.arch 13.
Al b CocI .erharri (',,vlar, h 14 Larvae of -H.etercieres laurentii Gier. vere
Loiand -,rcr- -entif,)-' in ex-per e a on
,; p _L mental p'l-ts of corn which I~ a d -C -_ e n T,
M nxch I C.t Foll-ey. The r.orr was srroutir4 and some of it was j-_-St C 0: i
thro-gh -.he gro-_irl. 'J"he for the /4-acre P-,, -+ nec -Y V r,
per linear foot, Examinal-ion of the s-prouting grt, in showed thett no dz- .-: e ,i
'teer commiT.-ed. It seemed that the larvae .-.ere jast loceti -- the grain ani
col-e irz near it. Feed;- .vill r.o doYtt 'ce-in in 'he -,-erv near fu '-are I -,,.e
vvarr 7inf; of the soil wiI, no do-,Itt see great activizv r ani feeding, of '--e ,"--e.
E< -,.ndom exarnin tions of the I ri s1l po t t o plat s sho,;.,ed th t trE re .vas ap,"-- gentlyy no la -n llge -ry this insect to the pot to seed pieces. 1,arvee -,vere cornT. -rati-;ely
sc rce in roWs. The plats examined v;ere planted on Fe't. 11'5 etnd 22.
Mis souri I Hasercar, r( h 22 Recpnt obser,,, -,.tions a scarcP+I--,,1 clf *,;ireiorms ,n central lliisswari.
Ok 1 a.,- o m L 0. F. Stiles (March 22 : Wirewci7..s are doin considerable d, ---i-e to
lnar y gardens in Bryan Co-inty. They are rroderately al-,indant in
Cal if o 1,11,- rch 19 : Wireworms 'Anchast-_-,:s cinerei-ernis
Esch. are sc,- rce )+, __ io Vista.
A llio j_ CIRICKE! ScCITteriscias acletus i-, F.
lis s i s s ipp i C Iyle '!,, arch 23" On Fe"-. 21 a corres- nondert Piloxi, -Knr-izon
County, sent ---s ar.Ld v;rot -_ Cq. follows: "Abo-ut -o or lhroe rla _s
-'ter gee,, s,
-1 _1 Le sr _e or 117 1,
'hem o,,:, t puppies .,.m lherr.
E R E A i A N F 0 C a 0 P -.r N 3 E C T S
E=AN TY '.Phy opt Ea destruc_tor Say'
Cnio. T H- P -, r', c a r r- h 2 'I The Hessian fly s sc, e.
1711 no 7 J. H. 3it 7er '14,-rc';j 24): Ninety per c ,.nt of a t w,- se e iel
t, h e s a e o,.-I, n P :-, d, t e i n vi e s t e r n I I i r, o i S a s t i I, in 7
it -r-Cen fo-Ir-I cont, ain 3.2 per c-nt inf(-s-, ,tion. e o C
is fo-_ nd -o h,-re 3; 7 per ent ir.fest,-,,tion.
_71. -wer, to -e Hessian -C-7
snows con:;I er i'ble at this ti-.P.
f V,"ea-, is es-ooF cie-ll lnfezted in some loc, 11-ies. --n ncrtI-rn
'nt7T t mair. cro- of -;;.neat shows an a'
':.a r c h 2 'Ihe -Hessian fl,-7 is moderately a: _,_indant ".'cnona rr:;(_,h Ii2:-hter eisewherr..
14 s I arch 22', ,!it-,_-ation is rather alarmin;7 central
.Vl." 2, "1'] L_d in so- _t? eactcrn The heavy ro-n of "flaxsecas" -to
?_e wInter in Food condition.
O'HI _'T'.11H 557. iss-as leucopteras Say'
0,'n 7. -T.
P s 2q', The (,,hinc'- b- E Is r-oderatel, and --eaten.-,
ri om, localities.
ow,-a C J I.a r c h 21 (", I C - 7
_4- ,s are :noaeral ely _n _r or
--e r-f e s tat i cn is sp o t t d
E. j- ,a,7es ':4arc'n 23',, : T'Lere is a,-. a7t-_n iance of chircf cn wa= _ays in
ster-n Iowa, Lnd in I limited Ireas in so-.Ithwestern Iowa.
j, r '1 7,. Has, ,_,.an /Iar h 22' -,,e c e n ,, r oun t- s i n s ome c r- e
/1 ) per of the adal's are dead. ':ers
I n e r.
AN A]: OTI= 'Arantesis -phalerata Harr.,
N I to 2: n
of A. T haic_-a- a r e a t a't -_ r.d -0--s
'if rf d i n a n e 1. '17
an-I as aeztroyLnF, t1.e wheat in so-ne fiellz3 in that
AL FAL F_ .
ALFA:.7A 1,E:]V7 T c a G.,
Z ich r,, I r Mia r ch IS, Z, a r t i a 'I- o t F elt- 22
't )Iiect,,-I vdt.'I consii( ra bif, rase eat PLeasan'cn al- i
4 j,, I t e iL
MOre c) 11_1'1- ",- one f 7-7 2C,
ed f -at 'Nil rs I:,I-.,ae 4r of F-.eeps 0, n I -c ar-a aro-ind 7, na s.
f ()I f 1 s., t h i S At f i-st
-1 e n'b- 1:1, e
7 0 C, tei. io" i o T."e
At 7; rnal i s, Y;
-)-I 'Its "vefe
T,) wilil 0 on ra cfieils In k i orl, j, n
"0 r t
]OWP.-A APHID Aphis medica-inis Koch)
Californ1a. A. E. ",lichelbacher
I i ) : I r t, h e a LC 1 f z f i 1 d 11 1 i
a-chids i,,efe collected ir Iar -e numbers on the 1"th of '-)n
t ie, r were collecte,-I in rather lar-,Ie num bers at
S GAR 0 ANE
A "Lnacen+ ir:-;,s su: nul,--s '31ac.-anar"
Iouisia-,-.a. W. E. --Hinis (M.arch 2: The rootE;tock, -,-eevil occ-,-,--.,
ah- zAar-J1,,, and. in all 2ta, -es except e.7-s not. found:, in third -reE-,r e 01
P 0 .7 3 w h i Ta s 'i e 1 n xg j- e s t r o,, r e dl a t t h e m i d,' 1 e o J:' r c h Amon,-- roo- sto i.s,
T.2 per cent were infested. Amior,!: the e-,,(-. s r c en t ad e en e ro, .1.
Arro-np-, the vieevil sta-es fo-, -nl the was 29.5 T)er cent.
aet..eole ru, ice-ns ijec,,,
Hir,,is "March 29), -3, arcane n beEtle ad-alts in hiber-nation are ir ich more scarce than one year aFo. DIuch less evidence of beetles feeding -- ir.
Au.g-ist and early September planted cane was seen last fall. We anticij,)- e b,, t
sli- -r-Ilt. -enero.1 iai-r.a ze this sprin.C I.
A SCIA3 A=) 'I ys, in,,Aas, trachypy 7.is
Lo-ai s lar-a. 77. 2. Hlinds 'March 2PI '-irinL-- a period of wer ni -t --b
n-,'Lddle cf Lllart h, some specimens of --,,--,cineti-,,s tracl y-py :,as were fl-i--,
j-'G A P. C A 17E '] ;a+raea sac(----,-alis Fa:
Lc-uisi--na. 'T. E. Finds Mar(711 2,' ) survivs-'I of '.,-ibern,--tI s
I-ae aT)parently to severe r.o',3 olt' e; ,.rlSCI.Ir n.---, of cane t-nd. rapid der,,or,.-,jcst;oi-.L of" ---icker r,.,rts o-t:, tra- ,,,.
-I c -, 1- 4 n.
4" t G-r -cy 'c,--nir. r d-arirL ianu-ry 1,vaz nisually also. So:,,c;
of leader, rts- ir, Yo- -n, from -! ,Ianted, cine Juc to 'Corcr e
seel ,J-jlt Ioth emer- -ei from p- pae ta', .en from old Iks latP
I 1 11 S 1 0 S
Connectuici-, 17. E. rit ,-on 'jv,'r roh 2,1): Fr-- it RT).'-.id e-73 SC -r(-eDelaware. 7 A. Stearns 1 1. arch 25',: Fr-,At phil are a-r)- )arent','7
iess abulidant than us-aal.
are- c e' 3,r nt
-he -reen apnie s e
1 i f- e -;c t*- 0 se 0 n 4: 'rees,
r ch ice e s-;:
to C SO
J. 7 p 0 S 0 771a n i n1m,
a on ap-)Ie at p s ah
r h ,2 F r- -- i t i i s on p r n e s in -;,-ere
3 H p P.-L R S 0 i c a ie I I i 1
h e -- e s- a v e r r c c f I a c -p
i.. rlf.e Grc_-Ia__s in cen-ral and nortl--e.,,s-,:,rn "i,2sc,--;
SAIT JOSE SCALE 'As-r iiiot- s -r,( rnicios-as C o m -s
A. S- earrz h 2 i: lhe San jc: e scale o r', I ---e r mo 'e
s ai e zzp e i c y 1 r. -an d C re r J S
Ly r, h 2 o
o. s(, r(, o -.,L' tl--e jo. sca
c 'I in (.."Cck 'Y some T-r I e, y c- e is on -%r n-)-v.- and ve -een
F(l r infcst- ti-jn, r. d or %ro = 7 lan' s.
-f7 1 7' 0 C
r, n z c I I s! o l r t c d r
0 1 c r c C0
he r v e r e n e e n
of 22.' ent -s 70 7 7C,--:.e-r
n m 1- L Mxm (,! Io '' Ir,". de
n J. j. 7, 2**' S,,n Jos cclf ,, 7- i- c
7 o-,-, --7 7 Te S--,r. Jo-e
n, 1, rj ,, !jj, ,j very ar n
L sc- '7-c"c C;- -de F ',06e -'n C n
C r 22 )" n J C)3t" 7 o
IZ n- 7 7 Zl A:
_7dsconsin. C 71 :e (M1arch 2 4): Theostrshl scale is -,,.ore t-)bunda;,i ;u". n usual an'd :nearly- every' new scale has er-gs under it, althoiiuh1 by7 exarAnation
about aalf of th_'em are dead. I 'have no t exam ined very m,,aV scal es but th_)O C
seen show, th--e above condition.
Uregon. ID. C. Mote (March 22): A heavy infestEati-'on was obtstxved or, anpiTe inth
Iin' ,oler section, Union County, March 20, reported by H. G. Avery.
CODING MOTH (Carpocapsa pomonelia L.) i)elaware. L. A. Stearns (March 25): There is no nu-nation of the codlin,, moth yet. New York. P. J. Parrot, (M~arch 22): Overwintei-in larvae are ve ry abun, ,dan t West Virginia. IL. M. Peairs (March 23): Nirmerou-s larvae on _-nsura-yed treps have
reen repor-,ed at Morgantown.
Georgia. C. H. Alden JS'rc 1% oU pupation of hibernating larvae to d te at
indiana. j. j. Davis (M,,arch 27): The codlin,7 moth- is moderately abundant. Illinois. W. P. Flint (M-'arch 22): A recent examination of hibernatin; lrva
showed a winter mortality of ae-,-roximo.!tely 50 ner cent, In northern Illinois
the mortality is probably higher, as temper[atu-res of 2_r70 'below zero were
exoerienced in that part of the State.
Michigan. R. Hitson (1yarch 22): The 'codlinn moth is overwintering- in usual n-unrers. Iowa. H. Z. Jaques (March 23>), The codling moth is mcdercitely abundant in Clayton
and Brfemer Cou nties.
Missouri. L. Haseman (March 22): The subrzero weather early in Febru-lary kXilled
about a fourth.- of the exposed larvae at Columbia, and similar rer.orts come from
ether parts of the State.
-7SBP1 TTH CAP JA.R 'i 'slacosoma aniericane. Fa-.
West Virginia. L. M.Peairs (March 23) : The first hatching was observe Iach 22
in a sheltered -place at Mrgantown.
South Carolina. A. 1j Litken (Ma rch, 2':) Eastern tent -a-.erpillars arr, abuan-an: on.
wild chferries thro'r'-houit the State.
Arkansas. 7. J. Baergc (March 217): Larv7ae first emer_,Fd from the jhlson,
Marc-h 14 at Fayetteville.
PEACH Br021 L'_,AeFrcria exitiosa Say)
New York. P. J. Parrott (Mvarch 22" Larvae are modrttely uian n western
."isscuri. L. Haseman (March 22>: In untreated trees at Celambia hcbojer: are
PEAC H 7 7 (Ae :e ri P_ r ic i-p e,:; a. ; a.
1. SI, r cl J. R. Th sor. o-served ar-i 17, om female o-,ripositinF on
-,, I 7, v ?t Fort, V a I I e Y 7", i s i S ually ea-lY record --for t.,nat F_, (,-n the w 1 rlE, c s L
of -,-e s-prirz-b rood motns emer-:,7e lin Arril in t' '-is I i d
A I a:,,, i '7 '0 2inzo- ,11ar,7h 21) l-.,e 1rsser -neach 1-crer is moderete'ly ab-,;_n_ ant
01=1717ATL FE"jlT -jsck
IT, -;7 1 C r'_ 'P 07erw;nterir4 larvae are moderatel- A
J. Parro 't t 'I'arch 22 t Ca.
e 1 a -x a e A. 2 tpal-= (Ilar, h 2,5 No -_ipation of the orientz"L J-et.
N Z. P. l4let( alf 9 The oriental raoth see: Is to b e
n i-I 0-fer -,he en'-Ire State tharl we h,.-,,e ever -rLL-d rez)crti d r n the ti-,-s of ornamental -rlants.
,i h C n a. F. Sher-,an (Iilar, :h 2,5') Ad-ilts were emer, -in-7 in ca-7,es or.
at Clemson College.
c r:, i -H. Clarl:e 12') The firzt al--it to emer _-e in the i--_ZC2
-;;as no ed or, l.".,arch 12.
n il a r a J. J. 1,'arch 2--I fr-.iil is moderately
Lf.e orienlu- U
C'___, (771,10 Conctrachelus
e a '.V l A. jt( arnF a r c h 25 o e: e C e 0 f e C,_-, rc i C i t
th Ca 1, c I r F. Slier-,,_n 2 '71-e -first ad--,it V;as -*arred -from. T_), 1 um.
at C]Le n cn Coile-le, Illarch 23.
a. 0 Star)T, '.!arr-h 17: A -rower re- _L L r r C rra
p c r t s the i st a d- I t o hi e tion a, F c r -t e y r) d a y ;e '- -,ve failca' 47.o cant-,,:re anv 'ty A I i e
a n a -7 n i e_ S 11 _r t i o n i s an t i,: i -p t e d o r. a c c c u n t o f h e e r Jh 7 ncn Cror
C, Y ;r r r. Fe'tr-,,- nry M rch 2,' Ad7,!- t s n,:- e n v r.C,
-,icy, in e r 0 7 IiS j3 ne normal t ime for them tc 7V
ard ,crseq,_ ently a secon-I brood c ,n lte expected ,is c--i tions )cc _,r dur] the p,-pation season. H Iey pea -h -s -rc ir
c 1 7- c n "I El er-ra. vrill be, full 'cloom wit"t-Ar. anct'-,er week. e i c re
r c ai i 0 rl 's (-v)np ared in pe'.",h orc,-nrds this year weil in advance of e p e t a I f a i I cavc 11 t I o n o f s-P r., y Fir -I- _-,i ele 1-:, in e a
iz VI., on 1,
A 'r, No
PLAR S n 0' n l o e T-, Cel
pr-ne r i r t7,
C=RBPY CASE 3EARER (fColeo-ohora -prusniella Cm.)
Wiscons-in. C. L. Fluke (March 24): The ch-erry- case bea-rer went, into ie
quaar ers almost as numerously as the year 'before, and we are therefcrelckw
for a heavy crop of this insect. It is entirely localized in the Poor, Colunty
n- APE LEAFIHOPPER (Eryt.-roneura comes Say'
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (March 15): Grape leafhopp~ers are becoming active on, Via27r
afternoons at Logan, and are sometimes abundant among the dry leaves u-nder
Virginia creeper bushes.
PECAN SESIA (Aegeria scitula Harris)
Mississippi. C. L"yle (M4arch 23): A slight infestation in peecir 111ees was eportei
from KosciL sko, Attala County, on March 18.
PECAN CASEC BEARR (M1ineola jugla- ndis LeP.)
Georgia. F. G. Moznette (M-.rch 21): The immature larvae of the -oecan lea7f easebearer are comm.,encing- to emerge from their hibernating quarters and feedinfr
on the buds of the pecan in the vicinity of Albany. The emergoence lau, aLi4 7
coincides ,-,ith the swelling and opening of the buds in the spring. "he
activity of the buds at this time indicates th, 't growth development is aboat
ten daysz earlier than in 1932.
PECAN COSST7 'Cossula mragnifica Stkr.)
North Carolina. R. 17. Leiby (M,1arch 2': The precan co-ssid seems to be more
nueosthan usual. Larvrae causin,7,l. the damage are nearly full gcrow;n. Tf-C
dama, e is moderate. Attacking pecan trees in the eastern part of 71he Strsre,.
HICKOFY 2=JCK 'JOLL1, (Laspeyresia aryan F it ch)
Geo rci a. C-. F. 'IMoznetlto (March 21 :H. S. Adair. The first emertge.-ce il ',he
o7verw;in.terinF gener.stion moths from shucks kept outdoors uander omccnitc;
Was recorded on Ma-irch1 10- at Albany. The first em~rerg-erce in l?3-,2 oecuire:1 on
Febru- ary 23. The buds of bcoth pcca n and hickory have just be:n0 o gow nda
fe-T leaflets are aomoenrinF, on. some trees.
C ITU S
G.L1EN CITIRUS APHIP1 ('A-his s-nirnaecola Patch'
Florda. 7. Berger (M,,arch 22): The Chinese lalyb etie 'Lc is c on -7n- s r'V.
introiced in 1925\to assist in the control of the Fre itu auu-I -a c:
observed by Pl.7nt Ord i pec tors as becoming unusunally abunlac; in-.cSn
1ake. area, souathv;~st of Orlando.
SOn rch 2!' The c ru-, d i s ser n e ve r- re i n
t f 3 t 7h c d- to c S e t'n C 0.1.L-at not, n. s du r i n s o!. i c- o he r e r It sec- ms ".C r
3 c,- r to tr 'he dy,-- ce I e
iz nresc:.t in 1,-.rge rz-z 'ters in an cv-: C, f
i ri Cc1II-knt,,,. Th i s la ,vt cc c t I e dur i n,
-rc- sc-rce. feediy..: or the ex-ra-floral n, -ct., ric s cf,
.,trlata, as as on ca-m frcm c--Ir,' Ls tres.
-4, s ar h 2
-,T,: T -7-:--W7V Ashr;.'
J. 3. Gill 03'): The citr-;.-, is in
orw-r-c and orna:r, ntals, at AlICany and in so-at'.-ern Creol, ,,ia.
F I c r i d ra J. '7atsoi The citrus whitefly is modi rate,Y
Com-r-en,", I n;,-, to pme r7e in Po- Co-antv and zouth, the are L n-, 4 0
e e of, a7. ou- a--Cr,- -e
on tender ffoli! ge and infest-ation s 0 z to b
"32" An -inusually aburdnnt- an win tzr
f7 f-- L 01C f Ied Asc,,.,7rsonLa ( red w'-.ite s a:,. in-rorta: e n -L c,e f i, s i n F-, o r i da, hF s '-ecn rc-- o-tei -from on the F1 ori -a east co-st 'Cr a corresron, ent.
Finc]-- 'March 2;) C i s vi", t c f --I y i s mc de r:-I c 1, oj i i c3.n,,), Sa' slar.as ue'ol i,,, t d t-at plenty s--=i,:ed oni t
SCALE 'Icer -r-,,archasi
0 1 : i e 7 Gill 23): nf e stat ior s '-ave occ-.irred
e c r a 1"onal s ille Bainbr idt,,e Cplvar- Cairo, Felham,
:Y'Oa 11: r i e L-. x 1 cy, '1,--xton, Se- isla :,'a,-1- 4 o C) 7a- .,:p r d a e a, X, Ca t --ima o r a- F-e r a-,- e fi-a t r-,:, s r 0 0- Of St--,e Entcmolo r 7t, f,-LC13 a 0 1,
.a f -,-J c o I o n i s o f Ve da ia c L 'E o c I -.a, card- al iz 1- iz
c c n r,- I r. e z 1
T -:' 7 T C C 7 () p 'r :T S -, C S
e r c -Iomxrlai: ts of i".jur"
month I.Teshobal Stone, e, Attala,
we ve Sq0 f c c, n
o,,:; o f (-,iri -L-e fo-i I' OYC 7, 7 ,L C'.
To x F
Louisian -,,. Z. Finds* 28): The ve,,,,etz,,'ble weevi] is doiii,- consi,101 1,16
iama-e, b7r dalts to tor: toes, turni-os, etc. T,, n e r e
less ,,t this ti,-.-le.
Zl T JUIE (92.L .nis- nitida L.'
Pennsyl-,ania. C u r d e t e i ch 2 8 Insects in :-enerni ha-%, e not,
ao-Dear-ance in the State with the exception of whitr, L.)
and Popillia, ia,-oni(-a infestin.- cold frDmt-s an seed tceds in tno -e-'',
of the State.
"UCT W-' :)iabrotica. duodeci,.--.,,) nctata Fa L.
New Jersey. R. C. Burdette (11 :arch 28): In a trin to so-, Je. oe-,, on tilc
14tn of March I I'ound several s-ootted cur-umber beetles in old cabbe.ge
Geor, ia. 0 i S n a. Pp F .-c r, a r 4 Thu f irst- adult's of t1-.e season ,-,,ere c'cs- 7,-ed
o da, ml :Ald at 7ort VallLey.
G. F. ',!i o z -r- e t t e r T,--e adi.--! s v,;eio o' served lvllai-ch P in
U e I s feelini, On -11C "M- w -n-t out on neach trees set out 7 I
. j oi)- i o i a-- a. 117 E 1-7 i i d s b a r c h 28): Spotted cuc,,. r,,ber b,-etles a-e scarce.
-I, activity a' Baton Ro- -e
Texas. F L T-1, i o m a s 'Ma r c h 2 2 The s-ootted ciacur-),ber !,--etle -,,as
ab,-ndamt at S--i,-arland, 2t. Berd Cdou pinch "a--c- 23
nt7,-, leedinf- or, s- 4,
IF-, -T -,.1 T Diabrotica vittata Falc.
Floriaa. J. -R. 'VIVT 5.tson 27) Stri-,)eLi be, tles are 7c.-,-j .;_r,
T -'I C77C-T .D. T L 'f i b r o t i c, a s o r o
p s r) n -,,'n r c-,-ci,mber beetl, 11
ClOvC a fields.
CO-IT -,,AG -'TiGT -(,,-ilicr,,-1ra 1Lond.
Vi r- i -r i a. 1 L. ST. t .
-jiinrch 25) Tho seei corn ma, --ot is
Soath Ca.-olira. A. The soei corn t is
'IIli S3, Ssij)pj C 7, rch 23' Ll.
L-jY],O "edi,,,in inj7ar-,- to cnio,-ns v, 7s
CO'111-,tV, on 16
F L T "-. o,, T,, s ",,a r r 2 2 Ti- soed coin t is ver-;
'-c-(-n caasir.- injurv- to at 1. j Z 0 S--) 4 1.
cc) HI T _7 Ai 71*0'-: 111 '-161 io t-'-i 3 0 Sol, tr 7 a't
hrc corr, -,ar worm c c e r,7
x,--,, s 7 7 ., ) r ear -:;orm i5
d'; I t tf" ken 'M'-"'rcl l 9; on
W a 1 k- r 2Z5', A-chids, of all are ra '-" a,-,-,
"u. i a -- a. W. "March 2, ', An'nids are e
no (A t 1 eno e r o,, s -C a 1, a s i e s E '. r e 0, 11 i e at
d n n- r. y c c n id erel 1, e b e r S-o ec i es o f -c o t i,- e o ,
c L- etc
ON T: r i n s a',-) a c i r d
T1. c r d a. J) -R o i-. k' rc'-I 27) rL-ne cnion tl-ri-cs qe-verel% &:---a;F7c3 Z
1 teen ver,,
cel-1-7 at O,:iedo 'n Seminole Countl,) a s r c cP07ATO 31;-'ET-I- "Le-o-tinctarsa decemlire 'ta al,
'T 22' Ov c: rw i n t- c i n c t L s- Lz r- E
'-w 10- P. J. Par
7, a t o b E 1 are
's o n ',, afch 27, Colorado T)o"
i, t r o-r. a i n e s -7 ile o r 41 in L i i e s n
'-C!- Th e fi o r o r c a e
h s f n a r, 1 f i eld on c
-J( 2. C, "D. C 0, 0 io T-) 3 1 o 'c
:L,'X T 7- 7 C C' r q 0 r 7
-, xic!:n n
F 30' -h 2;,' 0 nc 01t C ,-,,.,on Ccllc,, 7e since
j. J. X 1 1 17 e e
n hc I- o', i ti c r n 0 t 0
CA37 A GTE
I ,'POIRTED C. 33AGZ, '70R14 "Ascia rapae South Carolina. F. Sh _rman 'March 25): Adults were in fli: 1-u
Missouri. L. Haser-.-n (1.arch 22' Usually b--ittcrflies --re on the .,jin7 thi,.3
at Col- znbia, b-ut to d,--Ite none 1--as been sjen.
Louisiana. 'a. E. Hinds (Earch 28): Cablb-ge t-attrflies and 7,re
scarce but egg-laying is now increL-.sin,; at 3nton Rouge.
_,.,AIZOYED-3ACK i'07H (Plutella :Tvr culiT)ennis Curt.)
Texas. F. L. Thomas (:, arch 22): Heavy e7rcrgcnce of the diamond bac--c On
.larch 11 at Laredo was re-ported ',,,,y S. E. Jones.
-ARLEqT-Ill 3TJG (Eur, :!,,ntia his- ionica Hahn) South C. ,.rolina_ F. Sherman 'March 25): First ,,dults were seen in the fi,117 ainoect!-.ry, Clemson Colle-e, altout lv:arch 18.
CA33.A:37 AP.-7ID (Erevicoryne .1-1,rassicae L.) Y-;_ssis C. Lyle ("arch 23): Specimmens. were received from Zama, Co--n'-,
on 'March 12, with a report that a medium infestation had aT): ea-ed on Collaz"-s.
SQ TASH -P-,-'G (Ana sa t r i s t i s De G Utah. 3r. F. Knovvlton ,1,1,arch 22): Adults are acti ,.re at Lo,--an on
(.,_iaj)1--ania hyalinpt L.
o r da. J. W, tson 27): 7Ce nelon ;,-orm is re-norted as
,, iole field of crac, =,bers near lilimi. In a squash 1*ield at
a sinFle womy squash was seen. C,,.ic-amler -Ceeties :.I,e 11,: doin 3c nsldera _,le da:-age in the Ever- ,7 :es, dis--rict.
-S R: Y
- - -Y ,, LE L A r. t h o n o mu s s i-p- Z 1, 011 i 71. Z IHinJS (M ,,-- rch 23 The z t e r-1-.- e v i z s
actively on the 'tads of wild --lac -Ierries a No complaint as yet on stra- ;berries.
RE!) SPI:.ER '. etr,7nyc.Tas tc-lar-j----s
re ceca-ne ab---.
T uui ana. 11 -- rind (1.'arch Strawlbe r,: -,cl spiders
f o 11 ov: i np e Fetr-.iary freeze and considera-le -.-;i' n s",
anrdlied for control.
E 7 -,:' T S
L.ZAFHOPI----,-4 Eute t- 'u- i x t e ne 17 ; S 3 ake T'
,.h. ST. F. Kno,,-.'-'ton (I.',:;.rch 21): -7eet are moderately ac':(D e] C C OJ r. A fe- over;,,interinz o-;2s were active yeozerda01'.' :;:T 7 s lin
-.u 'neri Osborn)
0 a! r n:,- a. Z. 0. Ess',7 2() : The r,-;ushroom mite is a"Ir-,,nd-nt in
'h ; San Franci, co d i s t r i c t
C-_ T -P (Phl,,,%,ta(,ni2 laer
c, a t s o n r c rL"h e r e h -, s '- e en v c r y 1 i t t Ic c v i d,: c e
-T C7---AC -- 0
_43 11) 2 7L TL
G 'Geoninu,,- incro=-- lei.)
IT 7V". ijeibN, V'L, rcI 25 All, o L rc rc-coi-tel
F ORES T AND SHTADE- TREE I *.' SEC 1 S
11.1aine Peirsor 22): Lar- .-o -nimbers of cv.-r7,interin-,--, npsts ',-av,
beer. fc.-,;-rd in Liurerick, NevTfield, and. Alfred.
SPRI'Y, 'Palp-acrita vernata Fec. :)
Missouri. L. -7ase--nan (:,,,-arch 22): I r the ni7ht of March 13 t'r ere w :-,s veI I- 1 0
-eavy fli,- t of male mcths at Ccli-imbia. On Marc'. 19 and 110 ,"e '-L; ,,d
sleet, and sncw and a dro-r, in te.per-ture to aboi,t which nave
-Lar-,ely eliminated them.
Kansas. -T. 'BrrSCr(I,'arch 25): T--e ,ak. of e,-- er::- nce of t"-e sori-, canker
'worm v7 s rpacr.P 111 on Mar.1- 12.
A fz I I
7A:TIDF7 ASTT DCRT-R (ITecclytus ca-orea Say) s,-a SwenJ? I arch 10): Irfest, -s w re es.,eciall,
M aticr e, -r :-ep, rted f:-cr:
P-eeley, --Ilcw, and Che-ven-e Cr=ties ,urin:- January.
E Z E
I EFCTT SCAIE (Cry7tr: occus F-aei-.)
Maine. i. Feirscr (Ilarcn 22): Flartl scci tinE for -E, beech oca' e '-as
S'kllted in its dic;ccvpry in these ad iticnal towns- ,'Iitney, Fe:-:-y,
R, -Cinscn, and 17-,--tl-fieldEL.
-TLEA r -72 (Haltica -almi 7 c nr. e c C, '7 4
-t. 7. 3rit'cn --): R e c P, 4 v e d f c, m a n Ra n la '7 a
c, rres--)ondent found beQtles in ----eat =bers at tK-- 'case of ,r el-t r e,;
ET7: A7P"AN ELL, SCALE (Gessyparia sr=lia 7,."cd.)
Nebraska 7.-T. Swenk (",'arc'--. I to 21-- ): Im brancI-es ',,eavil- .- i, este
sca-_ e 7 e r r c e i v c '-71 -f-(m F,-, irb,- ry, Jefferscr. 1'1111int: first week. in
F I R
Peirscn r r, 22) A Inr r c b! I -a M, f i 1,
C 6 S t e r
DAR 7 LE 711 L e r--a r 4 e
-i. C. Lyle 23): Alt'-)-,= .
-)t Dec;- jtur, Newton lourty, 7 .n i -inzt--n
Tr, -a2 injury t, Cedr-as der dr ra -'A 7',- '-., d evi."en*1y
n t,_1i Z4
j IT. Yn, -C-,
A recent o--.rvey InJicrttes t rn
r a e is dr)in -- ccnzi e --ble d -7, ma--e t 7 f i n F,-- rk
F -,-I tcn anl -3ed.fcrd C, ,-antic s Pi tc'-n S 7- 7 7 iDn F
-rings hl'--ve -oeen a-acl-ed.
A:7 (Lr c--llis 'Ciri ill
.'=ectic ,it. P. Fe-lt 24) :
3, ila s e and
-ar c= cnly -n 4ndivid-a-1 at
,t ,b-'lnd' rt, cm i.divid-ar '- tr-e :s a-. S < -T ford, C-.n.
PJ:7E ITEEDTI-7 SCALE S-r i S
7 ( r 2
E. 'J'ac."les 71le 7ine verly
S -en!: "-rch 2- ) In
ve- rer-,orts cf trees in 7 s,- i n:- t r n 17 3- n e S,:,'n S 7 ',T
A I ]"I C 7- Y4 A l E 17 T A L P L -k 17 T. S A ==71 e r I c e
) "!C "nd f d
s c en f iln d s
1. 9 2
A S C A 7- E I S D01 i t
I t A
7 V 1
T, e e C: rv
BAREACLE SCALE (Ceroplastes cirrinediformis Ccmst.)
Georgia. J. H. Gill (1,March 23): The barnacle scale has been found infesting
various plants at Albany and vicinity. Hack'oerry trees have been most severely attacked by this species.
GREE HOUSE CI*TTIPEDE (Scuti :erella immaculata Newp.) Tashington, D. C. F. F. Smith (March 22): During the fall of 1932 a florist in
Wshington, D. C., exp rienced serious losses to chrysanthemums 7hich w-ere
growing inground benches. Sa s .....n
growing in ground benches. Snapdragons end radishes planted in the same beds
following the chrysanthemum crop have remained stunted or have died out because of the continued root injury. The florist stated that similar injury
has been noted in his greenhouses for three years but that he had attributed
it to other causes.
California. A. ". Michelbachcr (March 19): In greenhouses the garden centipede
has continued to do damage. In the Sacramento River Delta it has in several
places done considerable damage to sugar-beet seedlings.
AZALEA LEAF MINER (Gracilaria azaleella Brants.),
Connecticut. E. P. Felt (March 24): The azalea leaf miner, presumably G. azaleella, was found curling and somewhat damaging azalea leaves at Greenwich.
GLADIOLUS TERIPS (Taenicthrios gladioli Y. & S.)
Florida. J. R. TVatson (1March 27): The gladiolus thrips did not do much damage to
gladiolus plantings in Florida until the middle of March, but at the present
time is doing severe damage in many plantations. The incidence of rapid breeding coincided with a marked ise in temperature. Apparently "gladsl' planted
early in Florida will escape severe d : from this poest.
New York. P. J. Parrott (March 22): Gl1adiolus thrips are moderately abun-nt in
western .ew York.
ORCHID W EVIL ( !oro~ellus laecimaraoCh .)
Ohio. T. H. Park:s (March 24): Soecimens of the orchid weevil were brought to my
office with the statement that taey wore injuring orchids in a Franklin County
RED-NECIED CA17E BORER (Aerilus ruficollis Fab.)
Ohio. T. H. Parl:s ( March 21): The red-necked cane 'cbrer was found in Hugonis
rose branches in a private planting in Columbus. This is a pest of rapberry and blackberry canes but has buen reported before in rose plants.
Roses were badly infested and injury to branches was very pronounced.
1 7 1 S- C7
A SCALE Asridlrt-.is tsu-n-ac
Y- e, c P. Felt, '(Tliarc? 24): A s,,,T.eT-a. rare sc, -L e ins i 1:,; 1 411
d,: ntl fi by 'ar ,! d -,7 rri s( r. as t s-,z; c 7;n s ff,,-und ir. sm;r I I* S '.ITaxs a,47
7-RK IS CAP
A TIaIPS e 11a, ir.s,-,1,1, ri s Fk1r. .
d' J 7-' C --ils, in sU I a -r
-:,tson (March 27): Th e 7. Tndiar f' c-!- I t_, I.-- I 'S
s z c nt in frca, St,,a-Q, w-ere it was s caT.
S -;2 C T S A T T ,'L 0 i I A '-, A I 7 1D
D S 7 TO A 'Y L S
BCX= !' (Lertcc,)ris trivittatus, Say')
E. INT. lary (M,,-,rch 277): re-ccr'js are ir. frcm IF,-11ti-cre
-4 r -xeider 'CUES 4r v a d n-Cuurty, esrcciaily froc-, the vree- 1 Vi ;.Ileycf bL
e S T! c re arc; similar re-ccrts -:"'-,-c)rn Fri-rce G eor.,,'es Col.-n-YKentacl:y. A. Frice 24): STecimers sen tc tl-e C-Cf,
f i t 1 c r. .1 r c m 17 e T c a s t I c i t e s a n C: U F, v il I e e 0 F' eM 1.
,-ere, ftund cri t,-e 'sides. cf buildings in lar-e n=bers.
E. Tao-les a r c 2' ) ,e boxt ---Icr is very acund
,elav.,are, and Des I oincs Cc- ,rties.
. Iebi-a-I:a. 7. H. Sv7ord-. ()7t(-,ber 20 to Febrv,, r-,, 2-P): A lar 7e 21-J-IM-C i 11 r c-,--CI tints oil b xcld,, r 'c --i -- s n ',cuscs d -;n
f-cm c e T-.- K, and a,-:
ar In t C s 'r c m 1, 1- C t 6 r Ca S
y Tl--esc, c,-,,T,e rrtrti
D'u-I is S nd
n T, i es Ycr -, Pcl
Tiel-ce tr 'uCle -- f
c i c c, i i t r, e i r. c
A G7 T7
7 7 -7-.1 S
NOSE ECT PLY (Gastrc hilus hnerrnrrn(,,i(1.-ilis L.)
Missouri. G. D. Jones (Ynrch 22): 1 s' -buld- li]! :e to rc-r-rrt t',,e presence of t'-e
nose botfl,,Ir in "'.ae follo-in--r co,.ntios: Johnson, lass, Laf,-)yette., ,-- rd Jac':s(: n.
K= C.A:'T 7TOOD TICK (Derr-nacentcr v-riabilis S3,vj)
Yeb r a ska S-en!- : ( ,'arcll 1 t-, 27): 7-rcm- C',,ster 'runtv d-.,rins7 t-e soccnd
week in 1,,,-rch c,-,Tr.e a, c-m-,-)laint of colts -bein, 7 '-e-ivily irestel-'- -it',', c-)0-s. orte covered r tl,7 tl- cm, -"r,)m thc., nocizz to t ) e t, i I ,
tick One colt was re-r )
at the rate of 6 tc 20 per S square inc'--es.
Sl---=P TIC117 L.)
Michilran. R. Hutson (L:nrch 02): M. ovinus is unusually a7bure nt on sheep.
DEPLTMEN37 1,== (Cn-e,.- :allinae Rpill.)
Nebraska. H- STen1c (Fc-bru:-,ry 2 ,): A Sio---,x Count' correz-=.dert reported tie
prevalence of a. de-plumin-- mite air.on her -,Doultry ir, mid-Febru,--ry.
CHICIaN 141 _jLyssus EaLl
Neb r sl :a. Swenk (Febru ',-y 71S): In Ja.,n ary poultry hc,-i2es irfeste the
common chicken mite were r, ---,,orted ffon 7illmore and ','adison C- unties.
E"ZJDZ-UG (Cilnex lectulnrius L.)
Nebraska. 1,'.. 1:1. S-en1l: (October CC, 10--l?, to Fe' Dr--Iary .-.;P): 'cedbu4 : (C. lectul ar "-- ':,,a s r e-oo r t e 2- s i -,i f c Ell t i n --- --), ul t ry s 0 s d--,x i --i Fe-ra ,-ry
in Nuc] olls -nd 'Howard Co-!:cnties.
T- 0 U S E 1. 0 T D A 17 D S T 0 -R 0 D UJ, C T S
T=-I'-ES (I-'crtE ra)
United States. 7. 7. Sryd,'r I I.,
Febi-a-ry F- cnocs ', rm- le. nn-':-e
were re-,,orl.-ed to t!',e zurerlu of ait,)Trclc--y. c -l' list -Jves t'.
of cases re porter, from each section: I'l- 1 e At- I a t c S" -at'- Atl; I'+ic' 'Ll-,
East l'; Ccntr-- I, 3; North Central, 1; Lc-er
Pa,--:*.-Fic Co-st, 3.
Virginia. 0',-rch 'DF r,--c7 ivcd sevkTral
sw arming 4n lior-folk buil"in;--.s durin;- tic n-- st ti-C
0. 1 S r c 6 T--rmites 7(2rc 1-n ki,-,to, nn ,' a. nam-c r o f -- o r.-,,) 1 a i n t s c f d -,m a, I:- e a v,- c, n r e c c i v o d t F t V:- 11 e y o f c c c t s
attacking foundation and floors of d7ellin -c. WC
Florida. 7 r (c.-r"7 0i 7c -vE rcd in :-;j 110 J. 77-rsery In _r, i_.- 11 t s
-, Cout t,_- __--ndrCd
d c 1 h-, r s I v! c r t c t r7n i t e i n'j- I r y r r C- d .
K c n t -a c1 --y 7. Prioc 24): in-l,.;ir;rS '--ve
frcr.- rdl zcctirns St-Ite d-.1kri-n:- t' -or.,st fe-,
scrv ;d or. tc T oxir.. -tor on
ii. --ctri 22): At n-:j-tzr o- _-- Scs
, i s si s si -)-,i C L y 1 e r c of tcr-Atcs -,re in v ric7_,s
-or rts (-f th,: St,-,te, are,. cr,;r-.res ) dents r, ri; cue s ti n,:- i n f crm- on bcut -A 1-0
control of tr.cze in--ec's.
T C-L j T ;) : 7e
1--inds ( ,'arch 2' 'r-ite -i-ve v-rr7rec. 4n n-,-----s
on t-o or mo re d,-,i.te i n 11,.arch -7cl I c-i n -, rn r! ins -7-c _--ener l di-trib-ation
done 'ermitco to ircr -,!- sin:- r,-aitC Sl* 1 3ily.
C lifornia. R' !- o e r c h 2 1, 1 t r 7, c s 7, 1 n o r n 0 C t i C I c r- e s
c e r i -, s : -, n!-_s bc, n r _-sr"cc1 ,,,t Sr .nt,?. F
--cc C t tI- r
.,,Ctory to of --nd 7.,,, ch f,- s n d
f ac t,_ji-4 ng pl -n t s in thi s vi --ini ty. rci, A r f t'--c
in t',.c -,,r a ct carthqv.ri_'-c ;hc,7 n. :-rc: t c 1 c f d t-r-nites nd
t h c d,:- rn!- ,-e -ill -.,unt t( thous-nds of dcl!-rs 'rom, t i- --ase A
!-)mount of t, A l could 1-1-v b1,,:.n 7,rcv _,rtc by oon ti- --tion
nc c-refal insr6cticn cac'--- yc,,",,r. (lic s ov-1-0 i;rCn
D. ,Cte. (::-xC,- 22): c7n
firFt 1 7 in
IT eb r s! r, Sv.,,: n7: (Octlobrr 10, t( 7- 7 1, 'r v In 7%, 11 ,"-E:re
-.--s rcp(-, rt o- .cnvy mite
T),-st vint r, thesc pcsts rc7r, inin,- in tl -r-asc tll
;LT C77, Lll) FLY 1-ti,_..-c-,j,, L o
-0 to Fc;-cru-r Frcr
eb r,, c'-- e. r G c t o *,, I
i'' r t f r -_nct o-F' nur.,*ocrz r:f' t -c f1Z,,'.N-vc: ,b ,r. Tl-.rcl, i's
of i m i 1 r o r t f r m -17 s i n t n C,- ,an tv.
tt*re -I- in nn
se c ri
A D-_-1' _-= ID -EE-_"ILE cnntr- ctia
Il linoi s. C. L. :*etc--lf 13): S, ,v-r-l 1:,,r7,T C of T. contr!,ct, .- -c.rc 'o-,:-nd
in Ca closet of ,, house ,- bout -) yc-r -nd y c r D r c s- o 1 t i
lu st 1" dif-fcr,, nt of -,cddin .-ifts, o,sreci,-1l,-, -mon-ct t'-.r tiss'ac
pr- -c r in t'-.c _boxcs. 1 o i-jury h,.s ---con noted from t--,.csc irsccts, lr ut t]-.c ir
occur _-nco ,-,ns C .cr t-rou.-h th ,,nd 'C"(. ,f-crts c'
sever,-d -ro"escion-1 extcrmin-Itors h -,,;-e tc or, dic -.tc tho -oot
S-occimcns o-l" tht_; 1-rvne h.-Ive _cc n E. _L.
7 _.H I T 1: -',-.!AFL.KE7D SPI17R :E=TL-'J' (Ptinu fur L.
A 'l,'7 bamia. J. Robinson (--rch. '?l)! T1-le dr-a,-, -st-rc beetle, P. fur, is dcr,-tcly
abund _,_nt in d--ellin,,7 ,t Tt. Pr .71-rc.
CADE]"LE (Tenc'-_-_oidcs -,q Aurit-nicus. I1.)
(Octo'ber 21- to F,: '0 r _v_) r,-r 2 Djurin-.7- tlic com-ol,-Ants h -ve bec-n sto ,dily --cceivod n-" storc 7-,:-e-t -nd 2-17c-r-nld St0--cCI
corn beinz, infested s1v-orcC,-,--=,in -,)csts, cs-eci-illy by t'-'.o c,-Ld ,-llc; c!:c,
re-oo rt s comin f; c! A e fly from sc-a, th.-c (-n 'L r I -17 '-, r!- f r,-,- -'ju,-- 1 s L cl s tcr
Sew-.rd, nd TIa-v r Ccunties Tcst to -nC. Frontier Oouzntics.
I! TDLUT-'.EAL '.OTL,_H (Pl, ,-.A- in-.( r,--,-Lnctclla T bn.
Neb rp s',:n S w c n.1, (Cct -,bcr 20 to _28): lurin :r t1-_O 1-st ir
J-nu-ry a 3-x Butte corrics-_ cm'cnt r, -)ortod stored oopc(-_)rr 7 -s 1'1e!- vily
infested .-ith t--c, Indian-:-r.c-,.l moth.
Orez70n. C. ',*ote ( rcla 22): T',.c ., ,s rc-ported i-fe.ti= '1-c-o
seed t Corv.,,.llis, ',:!-rc-1 ?l.
7T- _51"LLE D, .j or7,-) r- s,2rr4.cr_)r--0 F,,b.
I o C. J. Dr.- ':o (.' -,rch ?1): tob -,cco i co-on t, -A- ---in'L,--'r in
stiaffin- of f,ar-nitare. It o-s muc, in Io,--,-, u,,,c'
is 7idel y distribute( d. -;c,,,r !ind
Correction: (Insect Pe2t S-arvey 3'alletin, Vol. 1-1, 1 o 1 1073
9". ) I I -, line 21,
26, line 30, t-.'-e word "colantry" s"-_orald rc,,d "State".
. ............ .. ..
CC~ -272 Aj -2
S)z Jo:-e Costa ;ca
"7nle2s ol-rerwise indic, ted, observations -were made aSan -Fledro de Mo..-,es de Cca')
0 C I : .Az
Au I c:i is T-ent,- :i70n ? i a r,,7. ;,,a s infes -.,irZ -ce a che s an i lng
No7.T e --b T e (- cm-- e r J a n r,-;, a n d F e b r a r
Ce ro-ola,; te s f 1 or i I-lens i s Col- was reno-- te d frorn Se-p e-- er o 'IF s rnore
or L ;_ I
o m e o n a de r i (7- of "r- t, a:-on, ch 7,
quince, locl-at, Poncir,- s tcanll"-elo, oran. -e, = ldlarin, and
C-r-;-F=11)1,alus di-t,,Tospermi 2 ior -:-. zas "--o-L tleso 7e to and zoa r
P- --l r --- a r 19 r i e fa"! of 19.32 it rcro:-, -1 -' -, r
rose nd -r)e(-an.
Ch rv C, 0 mr I il-s -ocrsonat,as Co,.ns' ..,as fo-.-.nd on oran -e in carlv Sc-- at
T it e r j'3
.U Pro-.-lnce of G,--a--nacaste.
,OCC7J'O hco-erid-= L. was very a L, -ndant tkl--rour-out the year on avocado, and sweet orange.
Coc----as m n 7ifer.ae Green- was reported on -'uava earl 7 in Jan7l a 7y 19K.
1-c e r-,-a r.-.ortserr,.,tensis R. was fo-,,ind on rose at Limon, ,ni on aZ
San Pedro io *.:o:V'es dt ,, Oc,-, in
bec,, il :Ls S 1, 1. 1'G n":S7 of C'11'r;- is also
f o n d c) n o r -j i ne c s e x o t I ca) t an,, c 1 o : nd
T, 0 p 1 d o s o e r i i P c c o 11 c -- t e d o r. P 1 -a:-, -I- fi -ru -C I- F e'C
wl-,; found on or ,,nl'-le lerf -t on
P s (-yl i -Isr; i s -o owre,-i Ck I ;a F ,ff e (, t 1. -F* ro se at San J. ,e
It was also --ent on o(,--can d).i-Lr,,7 Cctol cr, t SLin ---)cdi'o de :,:onte--2 7 0 o C. I -, C i -, r i R i s S o d e s r t IL%- o t -) o a- a n --: e s t oc',, zlso rcccrd -d from a n ln
t .7 n.llo C C'*! "" )n va i,
P r zidii
t not "I",
Rhizoecus cof-"eae Lain,- -1-1 as fo-md on coffee roots z San Ysidro de
May 22, 19,'1)2, w_ iere it .;as doing considerable da:, -,-e. It was atteli(iod e a r. t LasiuL--fl-avus nearcticus
Daring early Novem ber Saissetia _-ernis-,, haerica T-r-, was re-o'_ortod -c, in nthe tender 7-rowth of isolate -d o -an-e tree s. It was also repol-- 'ed t ne
fro! Poncirus trifoliat'as, soursop, Po-,+e-'Ja
winter aald earI7 s- 01
caimit o cashe-,,,,, c i tron, --andarin, -p persimmon :)i3 s i E n a, P. v 4L n and balsa,- i (_Im- etiens balsar-ina) .
Saissetia ni, ra Yietz was found on ooi.-rso-'D (Am-iona rruricata) at El Cacao on A-oril 2,'-, 19-02, causing defor-ities of fruit.
Saissetia oleae 1er-ri. was fo-a.--d 'on coffee, oran 7e, -pel.si=on virginiana), and tan-elo, durir:, t"o late winter anJ early cmrii- ,TL:on jLs sDcchari Chll. was abundant on s7a arcane during niid-Noven cer, nd was attend(--d by 'Ulle ant Wasmannia, a,.iro-D-lancta"I'a Eoger, which lives in colonnie: between the stall-s and t1ne leaf slleaths.
Aleuroc _, nt'has wo llxmi Ashby is alvvays present on oran 7e. It also collected d- xir, late winter -,rly sprir ; on avocado, croton, ma'-LIP, a
' -eni a n_--laccentis) roseanple 'Eu.7eni jambos), mandarin, ma) o, -i "or
-ra-oefruit, pit-anz ,, cand yl -n--ylang.
During late April, 193.3, Aphis -oss:T-ii Glov. was fo,, nd on the leaves of
Hibiscus rosa.e. It was attended by tt-e ants P-or 'micus _-ogel and,
Soleno-psis -e- -,inata Fab. Duri-f,7 Novem'ter this aphid was D. to --e :1oinz; 1:v-age to avocado.
Throa,7hoat ;,,inter f-co n October 1932 to February 1933 Aphis is
Shimmer 2v,.*as an, im-portant pe ,t of rapps.
A-chis 22LIL DeG. was i-mi ,-erous cl-aring Novemter on apples, -pears, D
It is coT sidered as t1ne T;ors' e.remy of quince at San Pedro de ', 'oi--es (-"e
Er-ioso-ma lani-erum, Fausmi. ,as -e-;_)orted earl-or in IMarch. 193,i, as partic-alarly har:'nfal to
7he Fre7,s7,ila errstii Scfc;,-arz13';1,1'11s
(Cedrela Flazio7ii. v _-.r. on t,-e school- at San P o
Oc6 from, to 17ove-7ter. It was 'Icein,-,' t."c
ciens Cr. the earlv It was fo-',Ind on Ce,",Irela
w h i c h t S a 1 s o dam I'Fi n,-.
h o-oalosi-hiim -nse-adobr,-,'szica(_, '-a-,-is is an in-portant
(1) Det. '7. 111. I'lann. (2) Det. P. 71. Tilaoon. (3.) '.Do t P W, C
o n 1,;
1 at e y
n,, _0 0 C
Ac o n- -",.c ra -Dal I c o c e- n s St a! i s e mo s t e f i G,,.l r I t e
e 'a. t a' so
X0 17 oL Le,
O I u or;
-,: o-,,nd cn cof f e 1 do tc rv 7,1
-0 tl 2_.l F 0 V.- 1 Cr or. aVo. -0.
Fe" 7 v;as o -recc--- 0
in n,,- to Cr-aar,-,
Aet ialion reti-,_J.at-, zn T, was collected on Fe'clr-, ,ar-f, 21 or! -no-*o
c.l.-onct; lis F,-Ai-ii. '-_rc-: -ds on so- rso-c. It zao
-a F e-br, ar,,r on ,,-lrocado an-pio c o ffe cre t on, *o searr- e, c an
0_1' on o t, i i -nl- i n i 5 F o ,,i I w a s dE -:i E; n th- -ei-deIt also brc.c ds in soursolo c"'I'd is on
is a*lLw-_,l-s 1): ocenu on 0-f al- -.--'c ot
ar 'rl cll' u 01 No El r -c -ro rt of 1 ece,___ ce
0: of t'-is i-se-t.
s o 1 e c t e d o n c o. e Pe,:e:- l-er 216, at, Faso ncn0 do San S :I-j j-A, n.
-D ci, t 1 n, e- 1' o 7: e 7 C 0 C 0 0
_111 i ini,-tice '_w;j. t;.,as
i na Fc ... s4 c t 've to e r 7hoj- s oOCC ro elle, e
i L e t 1'. i -ted e!-rl in on
A- 's to 01, Cll* .,Yol..'l. "w"'s 0, )licctt on cof-ee a,
Col-nontera sinUate 2 ;.rm. ,vas collected on 7ece-nber 20 on avocnJo.
Diestoste-7-. a al'-inen-e -.11-as 'o-.-nd on or:Dn, -_-, Coffee,
but did not a-)-,ear '-a do =ac1,
Stall :Dree d2 on IS a cmall tre f'-w-.
latex of is m .de a de,,-tifrice.
la fairl con'- ion on ced ir (Cedrel -laziovii v!"".
-Qu I-ala) It is also recor.,, from, c-ac-,: o
r. -o h a _- e a 1 co c c i e a Yo r s a s a 11 e c, t e d i n F eb 1 -a a r,, nd Marc_',., ol ,ado and a-j-r )le.
,.7rao.-oce-ohela irb-ana Stoll br-eds on tf--r,7ua.
Grar',1ocen7_ala ve-.suta Sc.v -O-, is f ound d,,irinr- 'Nove."er, a-, -; janu, -, on manpa at Paso Anc1-o de San Se"taotian and San -Dedro de ','ortes de Oca. is
also recorded 1_nom co-fiee.
G, p o :- i a r r a t: 7 L fo7and dufin:,. Ncve ccr 0-1-1 -,-'-e J 0 0
avocado. It is '-a feed a,--. a-ince c:.u it 1-s 'ceen i' o ffee, po In
solarso-p, and also a- tn,=7i i at Ai-n j,_,olit:-
G1, o r is o=,sio=1l%- d(_-strictive to c-er;-1o J7,a. It is known ,r D-i orr" ne-c-rra Y1,
apple, avoc! do, 0_,Irl, pc ,can, sy-rsop, pome,:-rcinate, le-on,
mulberry, co _-e c i o s e
YJiC r-_- 7o--1 hrceds on tar!7-_ia. s collected f-ro- 'Nove:-'er
to on-es de Oca a 4, e 1 Za
a --) e. 7 c I c t a Sa,., v a s c r) 11 e c -. o d o.-, nara 7rass : ece:- ,bcr 2E a- Paso
ST_ Clerm. is fo---,-,-,d on co" Taince, chi, r 1:no,-.,a,
an d s o-,)- s -17'a
soarso-o a-.rd occ- -sio-,ial y c7 t1re
S w a s ab n t d,, r i LT o 7 e e r on re d cl WO s on rice.
=11 1,: 1 P
A, ma r Feb, raar
Fa"t. a-ld arc rat- -_r _ar!--l to
fryn 70ce- r '0
a!' r ia OL C 0 L
)SP 1 7
Febr,3---r--. It ;:as a scrio,, _z -)e,"t o-f the of Febl-. arv-
4- 4ri n-S 1 wa t a-cn n ja-_-:--ar,- 21
c a o n c, carn z r
z c, le -fo 4 -' C
i S t a c (D e c d c) c: a 3'_-I
A 1 1
S t e n 0' C r r e 11 r H S a r no x io
CT 70:D-7 RA
t r av n p 2.
Cl, J, a cedinoidef "akl v:,3s fo-a -d in rice, s at Sa. Lna on
Clei-tolo-'),huS si,:.ilis v c, dF o n a-o c L n d c a I'L- a
It late an' early- 'Scl)
0.1,- jacob, -d t as i IIt on
1 o i z t e s i Jar C IS I ir t io'' 3 f
1 v.-e S c C) 11 C C t 6 S
trizona"'-s Suff'r.'I'mS fo-a-- d e "-e 2
--irei in -S I 0
z' )-"-'r solo. I t nd 0 n a 0 r'
-,-as rc ,,orted Z7
"C-' 'i o'at
Of L d _0 i n -7 C 0 s 1 d G r a b e,
v; a o L ib r r c -.-kc u r7C f i c, 1 0
-ell -ck CrI,
a 'v I f In
t r I t do,-% 3
i n .
From early October throughout the winter Diabrotica porracea Har. h .s been troublesome to grapes. It has also been found on lemon and orange, and was recorded as doing some damage to potatoes during the winter.
Diabrotica vittata Fab. var. damages the leaves of chiberre, and is
occasionally found in the blossoms of cucumber. Durin; the fall it was so numerous on the chiberre vines t at the beetles would rise in swarms when disturbed.
pilachna borealis Fab2was collected during late June damaging chayote. During late Auast it was found on caiba.
Eoilachna virgata Muls.2badly chafes leaves of dama (Citharexyl.um caudatum). Observations were made in mid-September at Paso Ancho de San Sebastian.
Eoilachna def ba ,uls2was found on a-aacatillo (Phoebe tonduzii), a tree which v:e are trying out as a stock for avocado. The beetle chafes the leaves. Early in January it was also collected on tobacco.
During mid-Novem.ber Epitrix fuscata Jac.-Duv. was the worst pest of potatoes. It was also damaging newly set tobacco plants, wheat, rice, and tom-atoes.
Faula brunneipennis Bts2 was found on avocado ana peach on May 27.
Geraeus lenti :inosus Boh.3 was da-magin: the tender shoots on isolated peach trees November 10.
The scarabaeid Gymnetis liturata l01iv.2eats the calluses at the union of the stock and cion in avocado grafts. It has also been collected from ylang-ylang, apple, and Acnistus arborescens.
Homotelus jansoni Cr. eats the leaves of orange, apple, avocado, citron,
and mango; It is rarely numerous enough to be important.
During mid-November Homo-,hoeta aeguinoctialis Linn. lwas so numerous on the vines of chiberre that it rose in swarms when the vines were disturbed. It attacks a variety of plants including apple, cherimoya, orange, peach, pear, plum, coffee, knmc-oat, nd croton.
Lechiriors auritus Bob 7.s collected on balsa leaves September 12 at Paso
Ancho de San Sebastian. An unidentified species of this genus has been collected on ylang-ylang and terciopelo (an ornoanental vine) at San Pedro de Montes de Oce.
Macrodactylus lineatus Chev.2was destroying orange blossoms in Heredia on
June 3, 1931. There were thousands of the beetles in each tree and they -practical ly destroyed all of the blossoms.
Mlonocrepidius sexoustulatus Chamro.4is usually found between the leaves of avocado which ihve been webbed together by caterpillars.
Nodonota irazuensis Jac,1is very destructive to the flowers of roses; it is also found on pecen, cucumber, plum, rice, and coffee.
(1) Det. H. S. Barber. (2) Det. 2. A. -Chapin. (3) Det. L. L. Buchanan.
(4) Det. J. S. Fisher.
!Todonota I-, teral is Jac i always a re -, t or. arrlez. I t ; ,I s o d c the
flo,,-.- rs of dahli,Itz and vi ;I* kapo'-k -,,entandra" and r--'c
Oedionc'-is Fa". and 0. tenuicincta Jac are on
at Pn-o Ancho de Sail Sebastian. ST)ecimens were colle-ted or,
P,,-,, c .-.yb jLc fel-orati.is Oli-; was found eat3n- Ieaies cn -12; and it occasionally visit-, yellow dock, Indi; ofera SD., o n
F oss, -,Iiifoli,,zn) at Alajuelita, nd or,,7,.n,-e at San Felro de Montes. de 1--ca.
Pachystethas nitidula Bl. e,qts the flo-;;ers of daisy (Chrysant1-----.7-::-. 7.
darin, f- early winter.
kirsch Reito was foand damiagirg a of seedleFsz S
d- -irinPterocyclo ldfa. 4 This ',--orer called a niz-.ber of s:.-,all av-cc-.do tr 7--es
during October, November, and :Dece.iber. The adults are 7nofe destr-- ct-e -.-:--an th e larvae. They bore into the trunks and branches and are the worst -DeS, t 7 h 7E
o-L-7,,i rved on younp,: tr--es.
Scymnlas horni Gorh was observed Iarin the winter fe -Iin, 7 on Aleuro-an-hus wo.F-lu-mi As?:by
Steirarrh inus cuT)reotinct-as Chwnpp was found on cedro dulc
S t r F- o d r:-: a rutel i na -B a t e s 2 was da-mag i -5 -p o tat o b e ty. e en the d d I e of Nove.r 0, r and midd16 of Decem'ter.
Strigod-- r.,,- a sulcicollis Castwas collected on Poly --Onum sp. at Sar Jos : durin Dece--.Cer.
D i PT A
Pseladolynchia ma,ara :-,i,-Iotclis abundant and especially tro- blesome o.- young pi, reons at San Jose. The n., ti-%Tes believe that t",-e -cicreons can not li-,-e without them, and it is ) co---on pr--,--tice to kill one of these ffliec. 'r.--:n n nC*:-,I1Y
acq- ir ,d pis-eon in order to r)revent the bird fron-, rot-arnin-. to his ollmetallicum I ell.' ,nd S. quadrivitt-tur. Loei,:' wer, collect ,el-i c:-,. October 14-, feeding: on 1-y whilu coll, .!ctin at L -2 Pzv-z near Sail jo C.
ro-and s, -t loo7 like II 'clood blister. The s-,c o L
colored sc-b. The bite is -P!- inful, espt ci,,-.Ily if nc-r tf.e e,,,r.
DaCLII:7 i4(D7er-I--er and J.-n-af-.rv Toxotryp,ina cl-,rvicrud- 77 V; [I S pest of in cases destro,,,in; ICJ per
j-ano Cr od fro n a cater-pillr on 'Icra
et. H. S. barber. (2) Dot. E. A. (3) 'Let. 17. S. De
(;7) 7ct J. Aldrich. 7 e t
A. Ston(,. t W. S
sp.) on August 23 at Paso Ancho de San Sebastian. From another pupa of this butterfly a new species of Tetrastichuslemerged on Senteiber 7.
Agraulis poogeyi Butl2 was reared from a larva collected on Nioveber 14 on granadilla (Passiflora ligularis). This butterfly is an important pest of granadilla.
Argyrotaenia montezuna Wals3 was reared from a pale green caterpillr which is comparatively scarce on avocado leaves. The moth emerged November 2.
Caterpillars of Automeris boucardi Druce2are very important pests of apple. Between November 12 and December 18 they completely defoliated some small apple trees and did serious damage to persimmon (Diospyros kaki, D. virginiana). They Also feed on the leaves of eggplant, mango, mulberry, and quince.
Azochia gripusalis Walk.is a borer on fig. Larvae were very destructive
during November and December. An adult emerged from these larvae on January 4.
Bonchis munitalis Led. make passages in the interior of the trunk of young roble de sabana (Couralia rosea). Their presence may be detected by small holes that communicate with the outside, one or two to each internode of the tree. Ants may usually be seen going in and out of these holes. An adult emerged from collected material September 5.
Hyohypena colnodes als.3was occasionally found on avocado. The larvae feed# on the leaves and pupate where they feed. The insect is not abundant and causes but little damage. An adult emerged from collected material on Noveiber 19. From another pu a of this insect a hymenopterous parasite belonging to the subfamily Joppinae emerged on September 1.
Hy sipyla grandella Zeller is an important pest of Cedrela montana var.
mexicana. It was reported es doing considerable damage from November to February. It also fed on cedro amnargo.
Jocara claudalis Mosch. caterpillars were ab1nd&ant and destructive to
avocado and continued so throughout the winter to late February.
Jocara subcurvalis Sch.~ is a tent caterpillar. Tents were observed during November. An adult emerged from collected material on November 30. This insect is an important pest of avocado.
Larvae of Papilio anchisiades Esp.. ap e ed late in Novumbor on orange and continued to be destructive to orange, lemon, and mandarin to mid-February.
Papilio polyd.amaal- rsreared from a l1arva collected on Aristolochi sp.
at Paso Ancho de San Sebastian. The larva, pupated April 11, 1931 Pnd the adult emerged May 2.
Panilio nolyxenes Drury was collected on January 13 on Coriander.
Pieris elodia Bvd.2causes considerable havoc to nasturtiums during the 1ate fall. An adult emerged from collected larvae on October 4. This species atiacks cbbage, cauliflow;er, kohlrabi, turnip, and cucumber.
(1) Det. C. F. Muesebeck. (2) Det. W. Schaus. (2) Det. A. Busck. (4) Det.
R. A. Cjushman.
Ad-. l wcrc G-r- e z c
m o, Ib i n o n d i a s -,I r a ;L larva tra----foi-med aii. .he or
3 194 3 2 Tht_ of this lar-.,,a cr, Aug-_,zt 31, 1 31, -, tcd
1 to 4 lai Sep tr e eg, ,rz hatchc d Se) te--.-.- -:r 1 5 the Qed,
Sept(, --l'er Oct("""r 5, and Octo ',(,r 1,11, and 1' ,xpated
S t -c ro r a Ze 11 rl Y i -- !Tove---:b e r t'.e 7 a te rr, i 1 la- z nrac ic 1
p(,a.r,-d fi o- Tov,-rd "'ne r iddl : of next 'trood of
to a,)-pc, cr. ;-ey were ar. ir-portant -e,! t of
Durin January t'.
c. o n t i d suc., d-ari-"ii : February. TIie larvae, f,-ed the tcnd'er s'.-.oots.
Stt,,i'ict-, tlbifLlsci, ta ]Dr-ace was collected ori avocado on jr nu -..- 21"
--.Cv: or("Cies -)f Wal-I'* 2 1,
1! V;as -Cal-ed fron a :r,Ill on on
22. AnotI-I(_,r indivi&, ,,,l e -er 7ed on Novc-,,ber Adi:.lts ha-,,e r.'so -en C-ad Se-)t-:7 b ,r frc--i 1-hese Ealls.
O nTHOP"L" :IRA
C_.*-.loro-cirt-,is forcc-ps S. & P. is -:iinor T_,est of Spec L.'-Onz '.-: ,re
collect d Sc-otel.-iber 1.
Cocconotus rp- -as Rehn is! v6r v destnactive to foliage and terde tv;i--s of
o r 1, n D irin,- the daV they ro found hidii7.- in the uni)er end of b!- :nboc st ez tn t -,re -ascd to tic xo you .-I_ b----boo trees. Th s e cr o o t -_117c
fill.,-,d with wrtt r ,Pd the insects 7-e ofter found v.,ith _rieir codic- e-- re 1, r
the oxce- LI
ption of the ante-nn-e. They also ttnck u,;,-=ane, n i u;"i sp -p _-_'-aq_,-.ena fra-,r!- ns.
Do ra linec.re Esch. is -.n earwi,7 th; t wcc; found in stored ir. -7_ture e-.tin, r the lkernrls, on Septe.-,-.ber 24.
z"LlInln-Geryx biolleyi Saiiss. has been obs( rved on coffee, ci;c-,irber, -rice, a-rid 'cut a-naren tly does not do -.TjCh dama
Ta(,nio-r)oda vari-oelmi-s Reln was found du-ing 'November as an i.-.-mol-tant rest of ,rreraniiim.
De--. W. Schaus. (2) Det. A. 13usc.,r--. 3) Det A. IT. C/audel I
SMJ~ARY OF IThSECT I--,T-CS Ti RAZIL FOR 1932
Edson J. Hambleton
Escola Superior do Ag-rio 'itura e Veterinu7ria, Vicosa, Minas Geraes
(Unless otherwise indicated, notes refer to !Minas Geraes)
A suagarcane froghoper, Tomas-pis liturata Lep. et Sery,., without Ab
was responsible for heavier losses in the 3onte 1ova and R.io BrP-,nco zones this year. From February to Mythe dnm,,age wa-:s more noticeable vwhen the foliage turned yellow and poor growth res'llter'. Growers are inclined to believe that the better mosaic-resistant varieties are 'mre seriously attach ed. Five species of other g-rasses .-rovin,- in and near cane field-, have been found to harbor and serve as successful food Tjlants. In the State of Rio de Janeiro this insect also caused serious losses in the cane fields. (C. Moreira.)
Another su;garcane froghop D-er, T. indcentata Walk., is evidently causing
more injury than has been accredited to it heretofore. This spoecies is vYidely distributed in this section *f' the State., It confines its feeding: to th e folia 7e while T. liturata feeds on t'ie roots, near the surface of the soil.
The suagarcane aphid, Anhi-s sacchari eh.,was observed this .,ear for the first time in Ponte Nov;a- Rio B3ranico, and Vicosa. The P inf;e=station wa s quite generally distributed in Rio Branco, where considerable losses resulted.
Pseudococc-as s-op. were more conronly encountered this season tha-.rn hIeretofore in Vicosn suagarcane.
Several scpecimnens of !s)hanarva indicata Walk.. were intercepted at th ie
CollegL e th-is year in a small shipment of sc-ed cane from Cr'os, State of i c de Jane-iro. This frorPio-pLner has not yet been observe ed i-u VI1coSa.
The sugarcane borer, Tiatraea sacoh-a.rlis -2ab., ;7.s common through -nost of the growing season b!.t did not cau:,t~e serioul)s losses. In fact several ,vrc77ers reported it as being less -.bundnnt in severttl va:_-ieties thl-is yea-r. Thr in April three egg masses of Diatrae-. were foaind -pcrasitized by ~cors~ c
The West Indian cane weevil, Mta'rasius hcmi-pter-us L., cau, sed complete
loss in sevoro 1 hectares cf newlyr planted cne in Rfio BRranco7 Jurir.- Fcbruary. In Vicosa tis scpcies has been observed only in banane. Tis, insect caused considcrable loss in a small banana plantin- at th-e, Colleve'P da'rn; ulr
Two species of Taysanopterao, yet unidentified, were encountered in abCundance in yoan, cane at the Colleg-e from Mtarch to Mfay.
A sug arcane sta-lkc mite, probably belon -inr_ to the- g-encis Tarsone-1-s, ho-,s been. fo,' d to be quite common in the variety F. 0. i. 2714. It cau,-ses -i1 blisters on the stalks while there are still covered by t'ie leaf sets
Practically 100' -,er cent infestation occurred in th-e Collepge Dolots thiAs rast year. Groyrers Iav,,e been considerably ti:'m-red over the aiyrearance of this mnite
but re ot:be;innn~'to believe that it is oF' I ttle imprtac
A Tite tsiat has attracted mnore attention is one of the leaf mites, I e r:
ch-us sr., observed for the first ti-ne in thne follov-inF_ varieties: P.O.J. 72-- ,272 and 2a?6. One field of 2725 was found with about t one-half of the cane lea.-es moderately to -heavily infested durin,- Febr'2ary.
Trhe coffee "broca," Steophanoleres ha-n-ei Ferr., was ob3erved for the- first timne in thle State of inas Geraes on Februarz 1932. Undoubtedly th-e insect has beco-:e slowly established in most of the counties bordering the State of Sao P.--:lo durinF- the past fe,,w years. everve, not until the aboedt a there been any suspicion that the insect was present; it had diosemninated over quite a large area. A survey was initiated in southern Minas Geraes during April and up to the -present writing (January 31, 1933) 33 counties have been found to be infested throu Ii the more important coffee zones of the State. Inxy to the 1933 cro-o will undoubtedly be cite mark-ed in the more heavily infested g-roves where neans of control have not yet been underta'len.
The green, scale, Cocc',is viridis Green, has received mnore attention by
coffee grovecrs this season. Many younF-er plantations were heavily infested toward the end of' the year. The coccinelid AZ lutei-pes Mals. and the fu ngu-s Acrostala albus Pr. -orovecl of O-reat benefit in holdin.-g the scale in ch ec' du-ri ng the wet season.
T'he pinkc boll vaor, Pectino-nhora g-ossy-oiella Sauuzid. continu,_es to 'be the most inoortant cotton pest in this -part oZ? ';.inas. In s-cite of the fact that all possible -neans of reducing the infestation from one year to the next are thorough -hly practiced, severe losses occur annually in Vicosa. Counts made in Jualy on the College Cgrounds sihoi-ed 60 to K0 per cent infestation of 'boils. Acrsordin,7 to C. Moreira, t7his insect is comm-on --, the rrinci-oal cotton-groring regions of Brazil but is -not respoonsi'ble for se:'ioas losses.
The cotton leaf var-, A.Iaba-na ar, illacea 1Uhln. a-ppeared du.,rin- Ja-numry
1932 in very small nicmlcr3. Darin,- the previous year parasites of the g;enera S-1iloch,-, Icis and M,,icrog;astrr (det. C.i.. M~~bc)reduced the infestation to a minimucm. For this reason we- are of the o-ninion that very fe-. adu,;lts escaped to infest thie rlanting-s of 1932. The cotton V-oi-m maqy be fou .nd widelyr distributed throughout Brazil.
The cotton aphid, AjLs Fossy-ii. Glov., was -resen't from March- to hairv.est time b-t never increased to such an extent as to warrant control measurIes. Th-e CoCcinielliad Neda san;7,7ainea was -Dresent in large num.Tbers feedinF, on the ap): i .
~y~erusfernaldi Bailonu and Earyjophthialmnus hurnilis rury were both'- very
com-ion aintulis season in the cotton plots -at the College. These llperceve.ios"l uindo Abte ily arc important Llg-ents in the transmission of ant':rc-cnosc an,1 other cotton -iisertses. Pra, ctically 100 pecr cent o.-f theolls were fed .iupon by: th-ese in:sects;.
The cotton "goruiho," Gasterocercodes cssy-pii Pierce, caused serious
losses in the State of Sao Faulo. (oreira.) In Minas Geraes the weevil were very abundant during the growing season, having been observed for the first time in late January at Vicosa.
The fruit flies Ceratitis camitata Wied. and Anastreoha fraterculus Wied. continued to cause even more losses to citrus this season here no spraying was done in Minas Geraes. In the spray plots against the flies, the infestation was mai-t.ined at almost a minimum. The nore susceptible citrus varieties, unsprayed, dropped many fruits before harvest. The Mediterranean fruit fly was reared from a number of pears for the first time during March, 1933, at Vicosa. In the State of Sao Paulo, Ceratitis and Anastrepha were less common than usual in the citrus groves, especially in the northern part of the State. C. canitata showed quite a, preference for the coffee berries in that State (C. Moreira.)
Lenidosahes beckii Nerm., Hemichionastis astidistrae Sign., and Coccus viridis Green were the most common scale insects observed in citrus groves during this season. inas Geraes.
Scattered infestations of Saissetia oleae Bern. vere observed in the
citrus nursery during May. Later, upon further examination, specimens were taken throuhout the groves. This was the first occasion w;e have had to observe it on citrus here at Vicosa. A great majorit-r of adult scales were found to have been -parasitized by twio species of Hyaenoptera. No noticeable increase in population could be ascertained.
The black citrus aphid, Toxontera aurantii Boyer, was far more common this year in the school orchards. Considerable aam~ge as done to nursery stock ready for shinmcnt..
Many citrus fruits growing on youn: trees wYere badly damaged by Schistocerca fltvofsciata DeJ. during April and ay. Little destruction occurred in the groves on higher elevations.
Two species of thrips egreared to be quite nunsrous in citrus this year. Although yet u-nidentified, they constitute major -ests in this section. Injury before harvest ime was uite noticeable end by the end of the season the percentage of scarred fruit rn very hih as compared to other years.
In December, several 6-year-old citrus trees were killed by larvae of Cratosomus reidi Kby. in small plantings near Vicosa. Adults are not very often encountered in citrus groves in this re ion.
Numerous leaFhoppers have been collected from time to time on citrus. None of the species have as yet been identified.
Larvae of Sibine nesea Stoll, which feed on the foliage of citrus and plm, were found for the first time devouring the leaves of castor bean in 'ecember.
ro rlar, t --l- 2- 1 t- r- 1, i n. v.-- -fo -, .nd f elF i i; on, o rr .n,, e ',,l o s 7 o7 n
F c ra I -7 i ; t r I c t oreir-,,.
A citr,-is -n-].tc, -'ribabl.,, olei-7-v a7, V Js resoon z- e. for
e r s e t i o f -,- iL n 1 r 11- t s mites are in 3razil,
es-oeci.-1-11- in olrier ,rover, and on trees t*-.at receive no treatment
APPLE Pa'-R E- I17CE
T.:ie Test Indian fr-,At fl, -, Anaotre ha f rather "1-az- 'iied. destroyed' 9 ner cent of t-Lle aprl,,s in t1-,e Coll(-,;--e orc'-nard- d-arin,- Febr--;.ary.
TIo scale A---pidi tus latani,)e Si,-17-i. is t'-.e only scale insect ob-zerver, so far on a-o-cle in this part of' tie State.
T-,.e blacl-- scale, Saissetia oleae 3ern., was found on -!), ;ar in Sentember.
Three q-aince trees werc fo-. -nd infe ,ted v.ith t-- e scale Tach- ",dia
cydoniae -a-r-pel in .117ril.
r i o q o 7,ia 1 an i;- e ri-n Ha- -is-a. ha:- 'i c e n e n c o'- -n t c r n t e S ta t e F 0 Sf"o Pau" 0, Rio Grande do S-al, "i-as Ger""C"s, -e Tc.dcr!31 district. It seern reaso-a'cle
-lieve t-.2,at t!-.c parasite nl e-4 rom
ma?.ing f-;xt ----er spread in 3r,,,zil ',1:0 r i ra.
I e Sari Jo s e s cal e -,*.-s-P i d i o t,,-i s e --- n i c i o s- s C o -n s t t i I t':- e -n: e t t i -ne
con-fire! to States of Rio Gr, --nde do Sal rnd Par,-na, '.--as C'uneare" or
in the State o Rio de Janeiro. (C. "oreir,
T-!, e i t e peac,- scale 'L7-- lacq s-oi 7, or ntaf7on:-, co-n-7cr : n
peach an-1 m-,--lberry. 7 ie -narasitc Pro sr-),?. J. tella r i nov- ex- sts in
3razil is almost alv'ays fo,- -nd paras--tizin _- t'-ese sc.-l" insect:,,. o r o ra.
A 7, 7all inf estat ion c f s -.-Ini cola Z? I t v. a s I o:,n a o
tre -c d--krin ,: May at Vicosa. This a- )hid also occarrel in ':%ria .P ze in Yebruar,,,.
wo s-pccios of .11.cant"-.oderes v-ere ver.,; co=,on on tl-e -)f --eac 're -s
De -rar, -ohylloxera, loxerr vitifoliE -c Titc'., still re-7.
in St,- ,tcs of RIO Grw-,Ae do Santa Catari.-an, ind a s7nll are.-i in S, 7
pn--l ). (C. "Orcirr-,.
L. Saisseti-,i oleae -nern. vere obsc-r-.-e,,1 for t..e first
ti c t1li,, trees in Vicosa.
Pineapple foliage is commonly infested by, Dias-riis bro-neliae Bol-iche throughout this nart o-!' '.'inas Geraes.
Saissetia hemisjiaerica TarC. and S. oleae Bern. are occasionally found infestinE; various Annonaceae.
The curculionid Tleili-OuS Catags. Ph,.,,s Ger-n. v-as taken many ti-nes during
January, Au--ist, and November feeding on the foliage of the Annonaceae, Fruta de Conde. This borer is responsible for serious'losses in several varieties of fruit.
The wh itefly Dialeurodicus cockerelli Quaint. ras the most common insect
observed on the foliage of Vasa. Anastre-6ha fraterculus Wied. did not seriously injure the fruits from these trees this season.
Adult cerambycids, Trachyderes succinctus L. and T. stratus Fab., v.'ere
collected many times xhile feeding on t',-ie ri-pened fruits of a Jananese rersimmon.
The fruit flies, Ceratitis and -1-iastre-)ha v-ere taken on Surinam c1lerry durin, s; September.
Adults of Entipus i-n-nerialis Forst. zere observed feediw,' on the foliage
and fruits of the -3razil nut (castanha do Para) at Ponto Nova during January. (Det. L. L. Bucha_-ji,,,)
tornato -orm, Leucirodes clegantalis Cluon.,,ras generally I
caused some to to-.Iato th; s year bat oviii:- to the small crop no definite
infor-nL-'L-ion ,olzldl be collezt-ed.
A plant 7-Icta rr-ary, -r-as -more common this season in to-nato
c,4, n t J_ nE --d ,(i. As destroyed many fr s fun, u s
a! I -ait thus influencinC
infection. .. ',e dr ;" r.cason.
Tro nd Acrostern-l-n bi-ounct- n'
DoCT. 1 -1, Stal
v,'ere colicctcd z---. G. Earb ,r.
url Jl )..''El. (Det..
A CC 10 G C 1 very com-on on a 7re-- t variety
of cro-ps, ';:as inju..i-icuz; to to7 t zo fruits. Yhe* beetles eat out
cavities in the youn.,- fr-,-Li-..
S WEE T P 0 T.'J 0
114,.nPhs and adults of Corecoris fusca Thunb. ,-er(, t,-,!.cn 'rlhil(- feeding on V,*i ld s-vo! ,tpota o ola-rits ill i-y-jary. (Det. G. Earber.)
T-.'- e --weetpotito v:eevil Dasce-oes batatae 7ater-ouse ca, -sed as hi'-'- as 14 per cent losses in the morc im-,rortent ;;7 rieties of sv:eet-potato in tnc T)lots trlis scas .n.
The tobacco lea C-mincr o-gorc --l-le11na Zell absent d-_-i--f!- '-'--c
,7rovin -_ season, appeared after harve --t 'in] estin- the secon, :ro,.--t- of 'ri s
-cotato or llm,Ckersll in one plantinF at thr, Colle ;-c. This insect ',-as n,: -_ been observe in -potatoes at 7icosa.
In r n Irish potato planting of ap-nroxim-ttely .-'-) acres, a species of P--_-doc.oc.c-.zs ;.,a-, fo,-nd infesting the root-, 6-,_ rin:,, _.0-,;c7ber- 3y mif-Decemlocr -a"
tire field .:as infested ".d serious los ', resulted in th- final yie_ !.
Tv*o s-cecies of Zrict.utc, arc occasionally found feedin'-'- on Iri-- pot toes in Vinas Geraes.
TI-1c potato flea beetle, 2-4nitrix cucumbers -oresen
the 16tter half of the Crowing season b-t vas of very little important; in nearb r -notato fields.
Z'S G F L -,'Z 11
In J rraar- of Phyrdenus nyaricens Ger-1. v ere tE ,cen a n- --"-er o]f times
on ef:,Lplant. Larvae Tere not observed on the roots of tl,.e sa:ne des-pite the fact that careful search zz-s made for them.
A d5hrysomelid, Colaspis sp., is q,,aite a serious pest of La r-,,- e
feed on the roots, and the adults consu .o of th', foli-.Ce, c7 ting
o-lit larCc holiFs, thus v:e,- _-enin'- the ncl nts to suc. -'n exto-it tle,,r fail to produce.
The onion thri-os, T iri-ns tabaci Lin-'., --as vor.", co-n-non in onion oods from
u r'ast until October,
rrobnbly sn. .;as ver,: n-,-,-ncro,,-1s in
A dinterous leaf-millcrl
and llco-, icll -ol- ntin s throi,111,hout the sonson. .11 ti-nes from -,,ild rnu,3tard.
T1,c cabbage mhid. Brevicoryne brasf-iic -e L., V.I is occal-lionall.v a t never in s-fficient mznbers to varra'-A control -.Ic ',suresD'e di,-amond bqck pl-,tella -, cc,- c, r
att ,IcIri.-,,' rrofer,,,bly 11couvoll rat,-(_;r th,- c i b, ,e crown side b,-,, side.
L,)rv.-,c of L7-nroicm-, indicate Fab. (Det. iz- '--rc
N':11i ntil J ,ine co -sed slio':iA losses in be,- ,ns. 7ie are verv at
o, Minas 'reraes.
A thrips, probably I-eiothri-;s* fasciatus Per;. is very co-,mon in betns and. other -oiants, es-pecially during Janua-ry.
A species of Epicauta ras encountered feedirc, on the foliage of beans duri ng !Tovember.
T1wo coccinellids, 2uilacllna clpndest-ina M-uls, and E. snpreta Mfuls. are generally present in all squash plantin, :-s. Both species were observed on watermelon folia,-,e duirin, December.
The cotton aphlid. Ap~his gossypii Gdov., appeared early in tw.o melon.
plantings and caused serious injury to the young-. plants. Control measures were necessary. In cucuirbers the a-phid was not seen in great nu~mbers.
Diabrotica speciosa, Gern., D. bivittula K., and a species of Colas-pis often cause serious losses in young squash plantin.-s during 17ovember and December.
The melon worm, Dia"ohania hyalinn,)ta L., vas observed for the first time
feeding on the foliage of pumpkin here in Vicosa darinLj January. 2.nitidalis Stoll was seen many times at li-dhts but never observed in the field.
A cecidomyiid, probably Mudiplosi-s brasiliensis (Rbs.), infests tile foliage of manioc causing characteristic galls.
The flea beetles Eloitrix -parvula Fab. and, E. clicumeris- Harr. caused serious losses to tobacco darinj. Ayril at Vicosa.. The infestation this year was the worst that has occurred in the past three seasons.
Larvae of Phlegethontius sexta Johan. were not able to damage, tobacco foliage to any extent owing to the fact th-at their na!otural enemies held them well in chec'.
Two caTsids, Enyau spp., were very abundant but never of any real importance as tobacco nests.
A reduv~d, Anio-icris lnni-,:es Fatb. (c2&t. 711. G. Barber), may be seen posing on the leaves of tobticco npLnt diorin March and Ap ril. These bu s ae knownI to kill and feed or. thie h.oneybee.
Two bamboo scales, Asterolecanium bambuizac Bdv. and A. miliaris Bdv., are very common wherever brumboo is gr7nin this roi-ion,
3 1262 09244 5898
vo',,nC tea trees, 'on i- j,
c!:,, f 1 o r i d e r',, i S 0 0 710 t x t C
A weevil, Pse,"-Jo-nach.-;,er, s, br, (det wa s
nf: r cc-it of e see,7.7 of 'Iac -na i n S-nll lot Of fo ind t o I-,ave destroyed ;, t 7 i S
i for T'
seer' L js s,,Decics, is not a.
'r. 771est Indi,-.n firait fly, AnastrP-01-la fraterc--il-as "i era' s t'- c o r s t insect e:iem.,i of tho --oiaba frait. Yone of '(",e ot?.er fr-At flies 'been re,_, red -Crom U''ese fr-aits.
Cne s7nall ,,,oiaba tree s fo-. md ba0_lY nf est," Ceroplast r s
-!,nd As-cidiot. s la-ta-niae Si, ;n- (Det. A. He: pel-)
A coccid, Pen ,ularia, -pendens Fons., vas observed for tile first ti-7e on
SM.:Iler tv:ies of t--e jaboticaba tree here at Vicosa d-,iring May. An a s
fratercl-11-as 117iccl. flies were also seen on t'..e fr,aits of this same tree in October at Pontc, -_7ova, '-. inas Gc-ra,: s.
'T Cerata-ohis lataniae Bdv. scrlou-,ly infested severnI hun'ired o,: Ins 'Xanthonhocni,- alexandria) on t'-e school pro- ort,v d-lirinE and S ep t emb e r. TIe infesta' ion vas q-_--ic!zly re,11 ced after two applications f '-erosene
A v:eovil, Hadro-n-as a biceris Germ, tq'-en many times. from, ti e Iiacaranda
tree. (Det. 1j. L. B cnanan.)
E,7,7rs, 1,irvac, and adults of Psyllobora_ confl-dens Fab., a COC-inellil, rerc taken on the lea-ies of n 'I-nanoeirotl plant in NovcTber. 1 -is
d hraccocci: elli l is '--n.o,.,,n to JL'ced on the f-.in:7-s As-oerisrerii an nose rhich infest- fr-,At.
A(I'Ats of' Ana-tre-oha fr, tercl._Illas lVied. v'ere re-ared from t".,ie SC-, 'rods of a
miro-, s -n-Lant, :'i-i-ri sli, durin-, 1"arcn.
Ad'alts of FIaedozi confines Stal co-rmletelT destroyed a small rl-ntin," of
crotalr)xia d-arin T ?, aa y. Tlie be-I-Alos are co7r7on fe -dcrs on .1 n-,--r.,ber ')f rants.
COZ __ '7-e corn Fitcl-. ca ,ised injiiry to fie!., corn -rinja 11 ',1,'ar, -il 1, t .2 .br,, ary Th c i nfes, t at i o -i v,-as quite severe in abo-at 2 acres of one fie Llci w7.erc -rany 1) lants werf--, literally covered b,,,- tl-' 7-e n, 'A-is .,,ere
;o n in o r. -n at t-1, e t i
7- C, Atta sexdcns L. coiitj.n-,_x as on of t-,e v- Nrst rco, s of
13 r,- v e r,- localit4cs are in exis-c-, c
ont, t e farmers. .oreira.