The Insect pest survey bulletin


Material Information

The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]


Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:

Full Text

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Vol. 12 August 1, 1932 No. 6


The grasshopper situation has not materially changed over the greater part
of the heavily infested territory.

In the New England and East Central States white grubs were reported as ab-
normally abundant, and heavy flights of beetles were reported from a number of
localities within this area.

The wireworm Heteroderes laurentii Guer. has been found in two additional
counties in Florida and five in Alabama.

The armyworm was reported as very abundant in parts of Iowa.

The fall Hessian fly survey in Ohio indicates a very material increase of
this insect, the infestation being 12.5 per cent in 1931 and 35.5 per cent this
year. It was also reported as being more abundant in Indiana and Nebraska than
it has been in many years, and generally abundant in Michigan and Minnesota.

The wheat stem maggot, probably associated with other wheat-stem insects,
was said to be doing considerable damage in the North Central States.

The chinch bug was reported as troublesome much farther north and east than
it is usually considered a serious pest. Reports of damage have come from Penn-
sylvania, Ohio, Nebraska, Michigan, and southern Minnesota.

SOver the greater part of the infested territory the oriental fruit moth was
not doing much damage.

The raspberry cane borer was reported generally from Maine, New York, and

The fall webworm was very abundant on pecan in the South Atlantic States
and the walnut caterpillar was reported as defoliating walnut in the East Cen-
tral States, westward to Kansas and Nebraska.

The corn ear worm was occasioning the usual damage for this time of the
year over practically the entire eastern part of the United States.

Many species of blister beetles were abnormally abundant on truck crops
everywhere east of the Rocky Mountains.



The tomato psyllid occasioned serious damae to potatoes and tomatoes in
parts of Colorado and Utah. In one -ly'ce as many as 1,000 nyrohs per hill were

This month the Mexican bean beetle was observed for the first time in the
State of New Hkmpshire. It continued in destructive abundance throughout prac-
tically the entire infested territory during July.

The pea aphid was reported in outbreak n-'.nbers in the North Central States;
and in marts of Wisconsin the late pea crop was totally destroyed and a large
part of the early cro0 dama.'ed.

The harlequin bu '.as 'reported destructiveo in .Maryland, and W'est Virginia,
which is north of the usual destructive range.

The bagworm Was quite generally reported, particularly from ornamental ever-
greens in the Middle Atlantic and East Central States, southward to the Gulf.

The elm leaf beetle was appearing in destructive numbers throughout the
:Tc'.-. Thf-nland, Middle Atlantic, and Central, and there were isolated
outbreaks in Kansas, 7ashington, and Oregon.


The grasshopper outbreak in the Prairie Provinces has been characterized by
a marked delay and irregularity in, the hatching of the eggs in many localities.
The outbreak is being dealt with by the w.idesoread distribution of poisoned
bait in infested areas, under the direction of provincial and municipal authori-
ties with whom Dominion officials are cooperating. General rains have modified
the sever vl7 of the situation somec'h;.t, and have promoted good growth of all
crops. In British Columbia, grasshoppers are remarkably scarce, althor-h an
increase is noted in the Chilcotin and I Nicola areas where drought conditions
continue to ,.revail.

Infestations of beet webwvorm.Tlrvae arc widespread in the Prairie Provinces.
Co nmon vc ed3 are chiefly subject to attack, but re-orts of damare_ to alfalfa,
grain, and flax have becl receivers from certain localities, particularly in Sas-
katchc.m. :'. In many areas serious damage has been effected to -:--den ml.nts.

Following the exceptionally heavy flight of June beetles over a wide terri-
tory in eastern Ontario, this s-mring, the -norrnous irnbcrs of eC~-s laid threaten
serious crop losses by white rhabs in 1933. In sout'-crn q-icbcc, .*.tc-rrub dim-
*," is bccrnri:.T incre-sin-ly pronounced.

Rcoorts indicate that the Colorr lo potato beetle is nbr.or-vllfy abundant
over a considerable D-art of its r .>e in Canada.

Increased abundance of Zirop-'n corn borer moths and e,-,s has been noted in
corn -lots. under observation in southern Ontario during; the season.

Dxtensive injury to 1latc-lnr-.ted r'iin ', a s-oecles of s-"cd mru,ot is noted
for the first time in certain areari in Sask-otchewnn.


The caragana beetle, or Nuttall's blister beetle, has severely damaged cara-
gana hedges, beans, and peas in sections of the Prairie Provinces.

Severe losses of onion crops due to the onion maggot are reported in south-
ern areas of Saskatchewan and Alberta.

The rose chafer is in outbreak form in parts of southern Ontario.

The striped cucumber beetle is destructively abundant on cUlcurbits through-
out southern sections of eastern Canada.

In the fruit-growing areas of the Dominion, reports in general would indi-
cate that the more important insect pests of fruit are at a low ebb.

Certain species of aphids are markedly abundant in the Prairie Provinces.

A European species of sawfly, Diprion polytomum Hartig, is infesting white
and black spruce, particularly the former, throughout a large part of the
Gaspe peninsula, Que. This species, which is a defoliating insect, Was dis-
covered in the Gas-pe in November, 1930, but there is no evidence as to when and
where it first became established there. The eastern spruce bark beetle is
also attacking the trees in the affected area and has caused the death of
large numbers.

The European pine shoot moth is an increasingly abundant and destructive
pest in pine plantations along the north shore of Lake Erie, in southern On-
,tario, and occurs in light to moderate infestations throughout the. Tiagara
peninsula. Eradication and control effort- are being continued.


"-7?ASSSHOPP? S (Acrididae)

Geor-ia. 0. I. Snapp (July 1.2): ''Grasshoppers caused serious injury to corn at
Byron before farmers used poisoned-bran bait. (July 22): ?he bird rass-
hop.:,r (Schistocerca americana Drury) is very ob' -ant at Fort Valley and
c."-r'*; considerable darYAe to corn, beans, cotton, and youn.- peach trees.
In one locality this grasshopper, emer:in.T from a wheat field, had completely
defoliat'e-d cotton and corn interplanted with beans in adjoini-ig fields.

Florida. J. R. 7-tson (July 25): Grasshoppers mostly, S. qn Prica"a, alt hou.;h, not
epidemic as in the West, are more abundant than I have ever la--o'n them in
Tlorida d.rin- the 20 Years of m-y experience.

Kentlicky. W. A. Price (July 26): Grasshopper ny-mphs are rather a'b-.:ia,.t in
the -.rasslands. The frenucent rains during the summer have ':ept the ne-ilows
green and for that reason we have had no complaints rertrdin-_ this .est to
date. App'rentlr they iave been content to remain in the srasslanrs, thus
saving the cultivated crops.

Michigan. R. Hutson (July 23): Grasshoppers (:elanoplus bivittatus Say, M.
atlans_ 71iley, and Camnula pellucida Scudd.) are very aburn-ant over all the
upper peninsula.

Wisconsin. Z. L. Chambers and assistants (July): Grasshoppers are reported as
very ab.'i-'..i'.t and doing some damage throughout the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Minnesota. A. G. Ru-i--les (July 23): "Gr:s'hop--crs are very abundant. Our ca.-
;-*>:. in Minnesota, ,v-ere $250,000 was spent for poisone -bran bait, has
succeeede in savi;-. the small train. We are worried now about the late crops.

ITorth Da2kota. J. A. I.'2-nro and assistants (July): Gras1hpTrers are moderately
to very abi.ndant in the northeastern _roup of counties, also in 7ottineau
and Renv'lie Counties, the prc-.lominant species beini- .. boivittatus. Alth'oueh
small ar- : show considerable fungus, dry weather has prevented the g-ncral
prevalence of the disease. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Iowa. H. E. Jtqes (July): We have recently c',rpleted a 1,700-mile trip around
the rim of Iowa where we collected in 43 counties. As far as I can see,
th:e are fewer grasshoppers than usual except for a few local spotc.

T,-er' .>:-1. I. H. .Swenk (June 20 to July 21): T_. situation during the -.onth was
alons the line of a continued :;--:'ction of the population, in p-irt through
thie direct effect of heavy rains, but more lar-oly thro'..:-h the coming : into
activity of the fungous disease produced by .'lpi gryl]i. Our first reports
of the destruction of grasshoppers in lar-e numbers by this disease are dated
June 25, and they have continued to July 21. All over southeastern Nebrask.a,
from Fichrdcon County. west and north to Dv':son, -rown, and Sta.nton Counties,
we hiv l; reports, or have made observations of the prevalence of this
diieasu-e a rir.- the period here covere.-'. Bc-,nnin" the last weekly in May a
o' riod of rainy weather began in eastern,T'br-.i'a, which continued until early
in J'll-, anc :'ing the latter part of this period the temperatures were high,
pro cu-_i,- much warr-:,, sultry weather. As a result of the direct effects

of the late May and June rains, and later the destruction of millions of part-
ly T-rown or adult grasshoppers by. the fungous disease, together with a heavy
destruction of the pests by early poisoning operations, the grasshopper sit-
uation in eastern Nebraska has eased enormously; nevertheless, in scattered
localities, grasshoppers survived in large Enough numbers that they did
considerable damage when they started entering the corn toward the middle of
July. Such localized damage ihas been reported especially from Holt, Custer,
Platte, Cuming, Saunders, Hall, NTuckolls, and Richardson Counties, from June
24 to July 17. Enough grasshoppers persist along the Niobrara Valley, and
along the river in our northern Missouri River counties, to require continued
serious attention. Rather more general injury has developed in the western
half- of the State.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (July 17): The situation in Kansas is much more cncourncjing
than it promised to be earlier in the season. Prof. G. A. Dean reports the
grasshoppers very scarce in counties in northeastern Kansas where considerable
damage occurred last season. Requests for information regarding poisoned-bran
mash indicate that damage is expected in some western n counties. Grasshoprr.2rs
are quite abundant at Manhattan, but not in outbreak numbers. Wet weather in
northeastern Kansas favored the spread of grasshopper disease.

Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (July 26): Grasshoppers are extremely abundant along creek
banks and fence rows in various sections of Oklahoma. The outbreak is not
general, but localized in communities where there is an abundance of waste
land. The yellow leg (M. differentialis Thos.) is the most abundant.

Alabama. H. P. Loding (July 17): Grasshoppers of various species in great numbers
are doing dajna-e to Satsuma orchards, dahlia plantings, and gladioli.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (July 20): On June 30 a correspondent at Holly Bluff sent
specimens of grasshoppers (Schistocerca sp.) with a report that quite a bit
of damage --ad been caused to cotton in that section, in some instances entire
fields having been destroyed. Correspondents at various other points in the
State, especially Yazoo City and Essex, wrote that grasshoppers were present
in large numbers and causing considerable injury to cotton and soy beans.

Colorado. G. M. List (July 23): Grasshoppers are from moderately to very abr-idant
in eastern Colorado.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (July 12): Many species of grasshoppers are largely adult
at the present time. The lesser migratory grasshopper (M. atlanis) and
Packard' s grasshopper (14. packardi Scndd.) were damaging wheat and alfalfa at
Marysvale. The warrior grasshopper (C. pellucida) is extremely abr'n.rant be-
tween Richfield and Annabella.

Nevada. G. G. Schweis (July 26): Serious outbreaks occurred on Nevad.a-California
line and also in Douglas County, Nev. Several species of hoppers involved.

California. Monthly News Letter, Los Angeles Co. Agr. Comm. (June 29): In common
with other sections of the State and country, grasshoppers have made an assault
in the Antelope Valley this summer. Nine species are working on grain and
alfalfa fields in the foothill district on the north side of the Valley and are
causin-g some damage in places. Although a few acres of grain have been
completely destroyed, most of the infested fields have suffered only the loss


of leaves, on the stalks, allowing the heals to mature .satisfactorily. The
,harvest has not been Interfered with.
CJTWQRES (1;octuiiidae)

Florida. J. R. Watson (July 26): ''The semi-tropical army .'orm (Proderia eridania
Cram.) is shoving up in some sections of the State. As usual, it is attacking
-.-a-s as its first choice.

Maine. C. R. Phipps (July'"72)t iftworm (Arotis ypsilon 2ott.) are very ab -ndant,

Ore-)n. D. C. Mote (July 23): A widespread outbreak of Prodenia praefica Grote
has been reported from Lane County southward, including Jachson and Klar-iath
Counties and also a local outbreak in yamhill County of LAcophotia riarcaritosa
saucia Hbn. in 20 acres of alsike and 10 acres of red clover.

W:ITE3 GRTUBS (Phyllopha.?a spp.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (July 25): White grubs are moderately to very a-
bundant in one potato field, where 22 grubs to a hill were collected. These
fields were in sod last year. White grubs were so abundant and doing, so much
injury to a field of Cobblers that it was necessary to dig the field two or
three weeks early in order to salvage as much of the crop as possible.

Rhode Island. A. E. Stene (July 23): White grubs are very abundant in some place!

'Torth Carolina. R. A. St. George (July): During June larvae were active in the
State Forest 1;arsery seed veds located near Clayton, where they caused serious
injury to loblolly and shortleaf pine seedlings. During July many of the grabi
were found to be parasitized by what may prove to be one of the robberflies.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (July 20): Newly set strawberry beds have suffered from more
than the usual white-grub injury. In some cases beds have been torn up and
planted to other crops because of the injury. In a field near Cleveland
aster roots were being seriously damaged and many of the plants were dying.
This groiind :.d grown up to weeds last year.
E. W. Mendenhall (July 14): White grubs are numerous on glai.olus in a
nur.r-T" at Gore, Hocking County.

Kentiucly. W. A. Price (July 26): 'White grubs of Brood B were reported injuring
strawberry plants at Russell and corn at Lexin-ton.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers and assistants (July): June beetles are stripping
deciduous trees in many parts of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (July 11): The mass flight of June beetles is over;
the maxirurn flight occurred about the middle of June. The adults are still
found, but not in lar-e numbers. Contrary to common opinion the oviposition
rcadil-' takes place in cornfields free of weels as well as in well cultivated
r-i..:berry patches. The eggs and newly hatched larvae were found in such
situations without difficulty, c.rccially near the oakc trees.

A SCARABAEID BEETLE (Pachystethus mar.inatas Fab.)

North Carolina. RT W. ieiby (July 11):... Tis beetle appears to be present in more
than average nurnbers, causing damage to pecan and walnut trees in the eastern
section of. the State.

Fl o r. id* .r WIRB ORTS (Elateridae)

.Florida and'Alabamia. K. L. Cbc-erham (June): 'On a recent scouting trip 0. T.
Deen found Heteroderes laurentii Guer. in two additional counties in Florida,
namely, Okalosa and- Walton and in five additional counties in Alabama, name-
*:ly, Monroe, Conecuh, Covinton, Geneva, and Houston.

Connecticut. D. S.-Lacroix (July 2): -Larvae of the eastern field wireworm
*( ectypus Say) are more abundant throughout the tobacco-growing areas
in the Connecticut Valley, and are working muchI later than in 1930 and 1931.
Usually they are through by June 15 6but this year have been working on plants
up to July 1.

Nebraslka. M. H. Swehk (June 20 to July 20): During the first week in July a
Stanton County correspondent reported that'he -had considerable injury in his
cornfield by wireworms, which proved to be the common corn wireworm (Melanotus
cribulosus Lec.).
Idaho. R. W. Heagele (July 26)1 Wireworms, Pheletes californicus ..ann.,are very
abundvant in: southern Idaho.

A. ASIATIC B"-TLE (Anomalaorientalis Waterh.)

Connecticut.- R. B.. Friend (July 25)': The abundance of'adults is about normal.
Adults have been collected this year outside' the quarantined area, and the
insect is slowly spreading throughout the city of NewHaven.
E. P. Felt (July 25): The Asiatic beetle was found in abundance in Putnamts
-Cemetery, Greenwich.

-ASIATIC GARD BE.TLE'(Autoserica castanea Arrow)

Connecticut. E. P. Flt (July 25): *The Asiatic garden beetle occurs sor.,-ew'hat
generally on Ocean Drive 'Vest, Shippan and Stamford. This is presumably the
first record for this insect in southwestern Connecticut.

EC0 2 L.E AL AN D F 0 R A GE C'R 0 P I N S E C TS

ARMYWORM (Cirphis unipuncta Haw.)

Iowa. H. E. Jaoues' (July): Armtn,.orms are scarce in Howard County, moderately
abundant in Dickinson, .met, O'Brien, Cerro Gordo, Hardin, and Crawford
Counties and very abundant in Lyon and Floyd Counties.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro and assistants (July): The arm:'worms were first Qbservet'
Son July 7, and-by- the middle of the month were reported as very ab'ndant in
Burleigh, .-'Me-Lean, Star.:' and Walsh Counties. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

-254- ,


HESSIAIT FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (July 23): At the completion 6f the annual -wheat-insect
survey the Hessian fly was found to have increased more than anticipated.
The average of straws infested this year was 35.5 per cent, compared with
12.5 per cent in 1931. Since some straws carried more than one flixseed, the
infestation is now more than three times as heavy as in 1931. This has happen-
ed. in spite of the fact that May and June were deficient in rainfall. NTearly
all of the infested straws remained standing and matured a fair yield of hinh-
quality wheat testing 58 to 60 pounds per bushel. Yields were under e.pecta-
tions in the southern half of the State owing to the drought of May and June.
North of Columbus the yields were good. The fly did not cause very much
reduction in yield in spite of the high infestation in some fields. Fourteen
fields averaged between 70 and 92 per cent infestation, the highest infested
field hIaving been sowed after the fly-free date. This Jear the .early-sowed
fields did not carry any more infestation at harvest time than those fields
sowed after the proper seeding date. The early sowed fields were heavily
infested during the fall and winter, but at harvest time there were very few
lodged straws in these fields and they suffered no great yield reduction.
However, they did not usually yield so well as the later sowed fields, as the
past winter was not severe on late wheat. During the survey more than the
usual number of flaxseeds were found to be desiccated and to contain dead
larvae. 'Parasitism was also rather high. In making the survcy,, ten fields
were examined in each county and 100 straws examined in each field. Following
are the percentages of- straws fo'and infested in each of the 24 counties
surv'.'c:'d: Fulton, 27; Henry, 39; Wood, 51; Putnam, 17; Sencca, 62; Huron, 68;
.'7r. lot, 30; Richland, 28; Wayne, 58; Stark, 56; Holmes, 54; Knox, 25; Delawa
28; Hardin, 16; Champaign, 28; Clarh, 29; Miami, 47; Butler, 32; Clinton, 33;
Clermont, 24; Pickaway, 20; Fairfield, 17; Rost, 7; Shelby, 52; average for
State, 35.5 per cent.

Indiana. 71. 0. Deay (July 25): The Hessian fly is more abundant than for many
years. According to our records many fields i.ave from 90 to 98 per cent of
the stubble infested. The infestation in the southwestern part of the State di
not become so severe as earlier records would in"Iicate. Infestation in the
central part is much more severe than it has been for a number of years.

..ichigan. R. Hutson (July 23): Generally abundant throu h the southern end of the
lov/er peninsula.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (July 26): Quite bad in winter wheat in a few southern
counties. ITo definite reports from spring wheat.

Nebr-':.a. M. H. Swenk (Juno 20 to July 20): Wheat harvest completed, and the fear
that the Hessian fly would make severe inroads upon the yield in southeastern
Nebraska were fully realized.

.-AT STIN FAnOT (Morom-yza ancricana Fitch)

Michiran. R. Hutson (July 8): M. americana is present to thie extent of approxi-
m.atel:- 1 per cent in most fields 6 barley in the lower peninsula.


Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (July 26): The wheat stem maggot is more abundant than
usual. In some fields 20 per cent of the heads are affected.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (July 18): Wheat stem magTot widely distributed, but
few reports of serious loss.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (July 20): During the last week in June the wheat stem
maggot was found doing serious damage in some barley fields in Dodge County.

FRIT FLY (Oscinella~frit L.)

Minnesota. A. A. Granovskyr (July II): The frit',fly assumed considerable impor-
tance this year, infesting several fields about St. Paul. Some plats at the
experiment station showed infestation from 10 to 35 per cent or even higher.
The infested plants stooled profusely without forming heads. Injury is severe
and losses are considerable.

SAY'S STINK BUG (Chlorochroa s Stal)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (July 12): Say's plant bug is abundant and damaging the
heads of barley at Beaver.

Colorado. G. M. List (July 23): Say's plant bug caused a moderate amount of
injury to winter wheat in northern Colorado,

GREM BUG (Toxoptera .raminum Rond.)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (July 18): A few reports of serious injury to wheat
in northwestern counties. have been: received. Ladybird beetle and s.-rphid-fly
larvae are checkin. the infestation.

*WHFAT JOINT WORJA (Harmolita tritici Fitch)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (July 23): The wheat joint worm has not increased any over last
year and no serious injury has occurred. The straw infestation in different
fields averaged from 0 to 8 per cent but *none of the straws was bent over or
lodged because of the insect.- It 1las been many years since it has been very

Wisconsin. 32. L. Chambers and assistants (July): The wheat joint worm is reported
as doing considerable damage over considerable areas in Oneida, Kenosha,
Portage, Chippewa, Pepin, and Grand Counties. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

WHTAT STM'!SAWFLY (Cephus cinctus Nort.)

North Dfakota. J. A. Munro and assistants (July): What is probably the wheat stem
sawfly, was reported as very"abundant in Walsh County and moderately abundant
in Burleigh and Cavalier Counties. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

SMUT BELTLE (Phalacrus politus Melsh.)

Nebraska. I i. H. Swenk (July 20): During the third-we-e in June the smut beetle
was reported as very ab'undant in wheat fields in Frontier County.

-25 -

WEH7AT HEAD A'7LOFR!A (Neleucania albilinea Rbn.)

Iowa. H. E. Jaques (July 24): The wheat head aryworm is r-.oderately abundant in
Audiubon County.


CHI17TCE BUG (Blissus leu.copteris Say)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (July 26): TIhere. are local infestations on corn,
where dca-:-me is severe. ,

Ohio. T.-H. Parks (July 23): Chinch-bugs increased greatly durin- the last year
and are now injuring corn in about' -ihal f of the counties in western Ohio. They
are most abundant where barley is being -rown and have caused rather severe
injury. to some fields of corn. Wood Countyn probably has more of the bugs than
an', other county. ,

North Dakota. Z. P. Metcalf (July -6'): Chinch bugs are very bad on corn in Pitt
Indiana. 1. 0. DC., (July 25.):, The chinch oug is yery abundant in De Kalb, Allen,
and Hmuntington Counties. I
..,.. "* '/
Illinois. 7. P. Flint (July 20): ChinclTbugs are causing dxamae in some 30
counties as far north as Cook, Will, and Kendall'Cpunties.

Michi c-a". R. Hutson (July ,25):, During the week of 'Jul.y 18 we received reports of
the chinch bug from Britton, Ridgeway, Tecumseh, Milan, Dundee, and Petersburg.

'-nni.:-sota. A.. G. Tua-les (July 26): Chinch bugs are definitely' doin- darua'e in
Goodurae,AAnoka, and Mille Lacs Counties, a:-.d probably ifn dther counties, also, bi
no definite reports yet. , H. 3. Jaques (July): Chinch bugs have been serious; in southern Iowa, but
are now r-h reduced in nmrnbers,., *They- threaten trouble for next year.

1ebrasza. 1. H. Swvenk (July 20): Alon' the southern bordrtf the S'-tc-, from
::-ic!.:lls Countr east, and north into Irancaster County, chinch have been
abundant in many localities, and from june 22 to July 15 caused some damage in
young corn when they moved out of the small rainsn, especially. the barley field

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (July 17):,, The chinch bugs have increased in numbers at
Manhattan during the past months and '-ve caused some da--iaze to corn plots
ac" ,-'Jent to plots of thin wheat, at the rolicTe agronomy farm. Scattered report:
of injury were received from central' lansa3.. The nymphs Yha.v' matured at
,r..:.tta'n and the adults have disperses over the fields. The recent dr-, weather
has been favorable to their development and unfavorabled to the gro;,th of corn
and so .- -hur;i:T .

C0IT FIKA "33'2LE (Chaetocrcema p-:.licaria Melsh.)

Ma.ryland. I. T. Cory (July 20): C. pulicaria was espcciallv abn`.'a:-.t in latc
June, doln- a tremendous amount of d(zI.aae to corn.

DESST COB FLEA B=STLi (Chaetocnema ectypa Horn)

Arizona. A. H. Cald'?ell (July 5): Desert corn flea beetles are over the entire
district of Safford on cor2. There are many of them.

COdT BILLBUGS (Calendra sp.)

Minnciota. A. A. Granovsk'i (June 23): 31illbugs arc ae-iant this 7c-7., especially
in wet and low land. Several fields in Fillmore Count:- were rcpl;atcCo, but
were injured again quite badly.

LESSR C0. q, STALK 30-R. (Elasmopalpus lifnosellus Zell.)

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (July 18): The lesser corn stal' borer is moderately
abundant in field corn at Cullman, Roanoke, and Anniston.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (July 20): Cornstalks which show injury b- the lesser corn
stalk borer, were received. from Zscatawpa on July 15.

California. F. H. W:,i-more (Jul- 23): The lessor corn stal: borer is mnodera.toly
abun@.arnt on mile maize (Holcus sorehum). ThI? caterpillai-s were attacking the
young plants near the crown, causing them to topple over.

SOUT.Z-I'T CO019 STAI2 BCR:'. (Dliatraea crambidoides Grote)

New Jersey. H. H. White (July 20): Three butts of cornstalk containing insects
for determination (determined as the larger corn stalkl: borer by W.R. Walton)
were received from Cape M',ay Court House.

Maryland. Press release, Ext. Service Univ. Md. (July 18): Farmers in ma-n,
sections of Maryland are suffering serious damage to their corn crops by corn
borers, according to reports received. The insect doing the damage is the
larger corn stalk borer.

Virginia. H. G. Walker (July 27): The larger stalk borer is very abundant at
Norfolk. About 75 per cent are now in uthie pupal stage, 20 per cent have
emerged,and 5 per cent are still in the larval sta-e.


ALFALFA WE7EIL (.:-pera postica Gyll.)

California. M. L. Jones (June 30): The alfalfa weevil is now established in
central California in the following counties: Stanislaus, San Joaquin, A&lameda,
Contra Costa, and Santa Clara.
A. E. Michelbacher (July 20): The alfalfa weevil is still to be found in the
region around Pleasanton and Niles. It is not present in large numrabers. Larvae
of all stages of development as well as adults can be collected. FgTs have not
been observed in the field for some little time, although the adults oviposit
freely in laboratory cultures.

Colorado. G. H. List (July 23): The alfalfa weevil is moderately abundant in
Mesa and Rio Blanco Counties, where some injury has been observed.


PEPPFR GRASS -ETZIE- (Galeruca externa Say)

M.innesota. C. E. Mickel (June 21): This beetle is injuring alfalfa at Fertile,

COY"P .AS .....

C2FA 7. CURCULIO (Chalcoderrnl a eneus- Boh.)

North Carolina. W. A. Tho.ias (July 22): The first specimen of this insect
attac1'in" cowpeas at Cha-ourn was observed todav. Apparently the infestation
is not so heavy as that of last year at ti4s period.

Alab-m-.. J. !,. Fobinson (July 18): The co'.'Nea weevil is very abu.-:-ant on cowpeas
at Hartford, Spring HTill, Auburn, and Foley.

F RJU I T I S E C T S-..

COTTOIT LSAF WORM. (AlabaTa argillacea Ebn.)

Texas. F. L. Th.,mas and associates (July 22).' A. argillacea was found in the fol-
lowing localities: Taft, San Pat'icio County, 7/11/32; Los Fresnos, Ca:.icron
County, 7/20/32; San Antonio, Bexar County, 7/20/32... Larvae of all sizes were
found in fields at Taft and Los Fresnos. Moths first'apeared in San Antonio,
no larvae seen.


CODLIUG 10TH (Carypocausa pomonella L.).

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (July 22): There is good control of the codling moth in
well s.orayed orchards. Few mature first-brood larvae June 15, first first-broo
moths June 30, first second-brood egs July 8, first second-brood larvae July 1

New Yorl:. T. Y. State Coll, A,7r., 7ee-ly 1, ews Letter (July): The peak of. first-
brood emergence occurred in western 11ew Yorl: during the last weeh1 in June and
side-worm injury was quite apparent during the first week in July. On the
whole, however, damage during July was not so serious as .u'rin- this month
last year. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Georgia. C. H. Allen (July 18): Codling moths are moderately abundant at Cornelia
Third-brood ,g; deposition now started.

Ohio. T. Parks (July 23): Codling moths are ver-" serious in La.rcnco County.
It now appears that Auk-aust spraying w.ill be necessary to control the insect in
the hill orchards. In central and northeastern Ohio the regular spra'" schedule
is keeping. tc- insect under control.
Inliana. H. 0. Dca" (July 25): Infestation at the bcginnin' of the second brood
at Bedford (July 2) ".7-s about the same as in 1931. The first adults of the
first brood emergn-, at Bc-dford June 29 (G. E. Marshall) and the first flight
of adults at Vincennes occurred July 2 (R. F. Saza"=a ).

Illinois. W. P. Flint (July 20): N:orthern Illinois No larvae ta'un under bands
to date. Er, trances as hih as 15 per cent (July 9). No change during week of


July 15. Central Illinois Moth emergence increased rapidly the latter part
of the week, "eek of July 15. Southern Illinois 3'resh entrances in apples
during past week somewhat fewer than last week in Jackson and Union Counties
but somewhat more in Johmson County, week of July 15. Egg parasitism noted to
be high last week.

Minnesota. A. A. GranovsJky (July II): Codling moths are moderately abundant. Un-
sprayed orchards all badly infested.

Missouri. M. A. Smith (July 17): A number of apple growers in the vicinity of
Marionville who have been runrin<- codling-moth bands report that they are not
finding the number of worms that there were at this time last season, July 2.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (July 18): The codling, moth is moderately abundant in north-
eastern Kansas. An increase in the population is reported by Dr. R. L. Parker
in the apple district of northeastern Kansas due to failure of growers to
clean up the culls of last season.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers and assistants (July): The codling moth is generally
abundant throughout the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Idaho. R. V. Haegele (July 26): Codling moth is very abundant in southwest Idaho.

Utah. G. F. Enowlton (Jul-, 21): Codling moths are from moderately to very abundant
in northern Utah.

Nevada. G. G. Schweis (July 25): The codling moth is very- abundant in Reno.
Unspra:-ed fruit is 90 per cent wormy.

Washington. E. J. Newcomer (July 21): Moths of the second brood began appearing
in baits at Yak7ima in some numbers July 18. This is ten days later than in

Oregon. D. C. Mote (July 23): The adults of the second bro-'d are now appearing
in the Willamette Valley.

APPL3, 3'HUIT InI-Ti (Marmara pomonella Busck)

Arizona. A. H. Caldwell, jr. (July 5): This insect is slightly abundant on apple
at Pima.

EYE-SPOTTED BUDMOTH (Spilonota ocellzana Schiff.)

ew York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weeklvy 1ews Letter (July): The e.,e-spotted
budmoth was hatching July 13 in Ulster County and hatching was under full swing
in Monroe County on July 25, at which time the first hatching was observed in
the western part of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

APHIDS (Aphiidae)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (July): The rosy apple aphid,
Anuraphis roseus Baker, did considerable damage in both western 'New York and
the Hudson River Valley. By the middle of the month, however, damage had about
ceased. (Abstract, J.A.H.)


Wisconsin. E. L. Chnmb'ers a-.t zs "ta/:s .J.... .. .',.'uit "pids arc ::yre .L.. 7ar.t
than the'; have 'be n for m ia yexrs. (Astract, J.A..H.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (July 26): The ros', apple aphid, -.ich was rather
abundant in a few orchards in the State this season, practically i
b ',-*s s .sn, -n-ctiaIvT dis-
appeared by July 4 or 5.

Connecticut. P. Garman (July): The ros.y aphid Ias done considerable dca:nage in
several commercial orchards in :ewv Ha'en Co-nt'. It "-as held in ec in
others largely -:" species of Cccinellidae. Green aple ap:iids, Apr s
Dee}., are apparently abundant in Litchfield County.

LT? EOP??S (Cicadellidae)

":ssach'setts.. .A. I. Bourne (July 25): Apple leafhoppers are moderate" to very

Maryland. E. IT. Cory (July 21): Appl leafhopners arc ver abundant.

'as i-.ton. E. J. Newcomer (July 21): L-:afhoppers are -trc-.2l- conmmon in apple
orchiards this season. yost of thoen are the white aple leafhopper, T7philocyba
pomaria I.IcAtee.

17ew H--?>.:'-nre. L. C. Glover (July 23): Apple lea:.- p-s. (pnpoaeca sn.
_T"_._" sp.) were observed in moderate numbers in orchards in southi7'ster
Io'eH la. oshire on July 22.

Connecticut. P. Garman (July): Considerable dar.ea-e in r n.y conr.crzial orchards.
Parasitisra beginning to slow up.

A TIGIID (C o1-thu.cha salicata Gibson)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (July 23): B. G. Thomipson reports considerable damage in
certain sections of the Millamotte Valle" by this tingid. In about -5 -.crcs
in one apple orchard the cleaves have been cdetro-ed anl are falling off.

APPLE lOGGT (Pa.'-:l.: tis por-:.ncll alsh)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (Jul, 26): Th: first fliet.s of the lppc -;a:*-ot were
found to be c'-crjinx the vOC-" last d"-s of JuLo. F-orom July 10 to 15 they were
appearing in considerable -b.',: '.dnce in the orchrds.

Ie' Yorkc. IT. Y. State Coll. A,-r., Weekly "T,'-s Letter (July)> Adult flies "ere
encr--ing, in the Hurson Valley- durin', the last ..wecI. in Juno, -*hich was lter
thianr. in 1931. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Michigan. E. I. Daniel (July 9): Adult flies have a-e:-red in our cages in the
insectary fr..m h.'"th:rn fr-its collected at Sa-'c'r, South Havcn, ntn Arbor,
and East La-Ln:.. T.iile flies in the cases are emerzinr c,.sidorably ae-.cad
of thoso in the field, it gives us an indication as to the infestations

* "251-

APPLE CUP.CUTULIO (Tichyptercllus "iadrigibbus Say)

New York. IT. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekl Tews Letter (July): By July 18 about
one-third of the apple curculios had uipated in eastern TeowV York and adults
started to appear on July 21 in that section of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (July 18): The apple curculio is reported by Dr. R. L.
Pa.rker as doing considerable injury to the current year's growth of apple twigs.
This, no doubt, is worse owing to the scarcity of fruit. Severe injury to the
fruit has also occurred. Some orchiards have a total loss of fruit due to injury
by the insects in northeastern Kansas.

ROSE LEE' B2LE (ITodonota puncticollis Say)

New York. '. Y. State Coll. Apr., Weekly "Tews Letter (July): Durin7 the first
two weeks in July this insect was more ab-'mde.nt than at any time last year and
did considerable defoliatin, of apple and cherry. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

EUROP1' EM 1'IT7 (Paratetranr'chus pilosus C. & F.)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (July 19): Serious da-nae to apple foliage in Ashtabula County
has occurred on trees not bearing- and not 'oei-_ sprayed this year.


PEICH B30R (Ae.-cria eyitiosa Say)
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 29): The first pv.-pa of the season was ta':en from a
peach tree today at Fort Valley.-. according to our records, this is the
earliest pupation for this latitude.

Tennessee. H. G. Butler (June 29): Borer treatments were omitted by most of the
growers at Harriman last fall and during the present month it has become very
evident that considerable injury has resulted. Several of the better orchards
in which this pest has been of minor importance are now to be classed as
heavily infested. Adult emergence be.-an 'in the insectar- and in the "rchards
on May 25. Since this time emergence ihas continued but it has been. very
light. Oviposition, at the insectary,,, began May 29.

ORIWTAL FRUJIT HOTH (Grapholitha molesta Busck)

Connecticut. P. Garman (July 25): First-brood work scarce, second brood moderate
in abundance.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (July 22): First and second brood larvae heavily parasi-
tized; peak of second-brood twig injury in second and third weeks of July.

Georgia.. C. H. Alden (July 10): The oriental fruit moth is moderately a'-,C:t
at Cornelia. Increase over 1931.
0. I. Snapp (July 20): Broods are to overlap at Fort Valley.. More
abundant than usual on back-yard peach trees in town, but scarce in commercial
peach orcihards, d


Indiana. H. 0. E&y (July 25): Cri entl fru-"it '.orris otill i so-;re injury
',.K.ere -' twig =rwth is vigorous. n ;en.ral, tig i:..iurv '7.C less abundar
the week of July 17-23 than it **'. for the we.- of Jul- 10-16. Since n-, fruit
is present in most peach orchards, it is li:c-ly that apple :'ill be severely
infested later in the season.
M. B. Waite (July 28): In a report of Juy 16 from. Vincennos Leslie Pierce
states that the oriental frait moth is more numerous th_.n at an time since
this insect was first found in that section.

Illinois. 7. P. Flint (July 20): Fresh twi- entrances arc to be found but are
cc rce wherever I have made observations. (S. C. Chandler, Carbonda.le): ITo
increase in visible fruit injury in the midsummer varieties has been noted
but in 1,000 Champion peaches picked July 13 there was 7.8 per cent visible
infestation. In a block of Bello of G1corgia I could count no increase over
what it was two months a-T-. (Observation made July 14.)

Kentuc1.y. W. A. Price (July 26): Twig injury from oriental fruit moth is rather
severe in orchards where twig growth is vigorous.

Tennessee. H. G. Butler (June 29): The twig infestation bI larvae of this
species hlas been much heavier this y-ear at Harriman thn in either 1230 or 1931
The firtt paracite activity was noted in twigs collected Lay 17. This las
steadily increased.

PLUM CJ?7CULIO (Conotrachelus nenuo2_ar Hbst.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (July 22): First first-brood adults July 6. First-brood
grubs are moderately parasitized by Triaspis curculionis Fitch.

Georia. 0. I. Snapp (July 20): A although first-generation adults bc-an to aeerge
from the soil on June 16 at Fort Valle", they have not yet started to deposit
second--eneration eg-:s in the insectary. Small :larvae are fairly abundant in
peaches that are ripenin.r- now, but these :.iaj be from egzs deposited by ovcr-
wintered adults.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (July 20): A big drop in the numbers of curculios showed
in jarri-is in Carbondale and Anna on July 15. -cer-erce from drop peach
ca;es at Carbondale practically ccsed the wee,: ending July, 15.

Tennessee. H. G. Butler (June 29): First-brood adults bcgan. to ener-e from the
soil at the insectary on June 21 at H.rrir.a-i.

Ar!kansas. W. G. Amstein (July- 13): Thus far none of the second-brood curculio
hive hIo"/n up out of the ca'es at Hope.

M.ississippi. C. LyZle and assistants (July): The curculio was reported during the
month as very abundant throu,-'ho't practirall-," the entire State. (Abstract, J.

A 12X? BE-TLZ (E-soma pini Sc'-'fr.)

Arizona. A. H. Caldwell (July 5): E. pini rcrorted on peachl at Safford, Graham
C .-' ty.

LtAY-F'OOTED JOG (LeptoAlossu! phyllopus L.)

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (July 8): This insect is unusually abu-i'a.-it or.
developing peaches at Chadbourn. As -nany as six to eight have been observed
on a single peach, leaving punctures over practically all the surface. Hardly
a peach on some trees has been exempt from this attack':. The work of this
insect is characterized by dozens of minute punctures over the outer skin with
darker areas around those punctures in the flesh of the peach. This insect is
also abundant on developing cowpeas where the whole pod is speckled with the
punctures. In many cases the attack is so severe as to cause t-he you.g pods
to dry up before the seeds are formed within.


QUINTC CURCULIO (Conotrachelus crataegi Walsh)

New York. IT. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly Tews Letter (July): The quince curculio
occasioned more damage to pears than it has during the past two seasons in
eastern New York. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

PFAR PSYLLA. (Psyllia pyricola Foerst.)

New York. W. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly Y'e-s Letter (July): Duarin. Jul the-
pear psylla increased, but not to such an extent as to warrant general
(Abstract, J.A.H.)

CHIPY PFUIT FLY (aoletis cinulata Loew)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (July 23): S. C. Jones reports t -at adults are still ea-erzing
in the Valley. Lsge.ots were first found on June 28. On July 12 maac-cts were
first found pupating.

A MIT7 (Mrioplh:-es padi Tal.

Maryland. E. IT. Cory (July 20): Found on cherry at Salisbury.


RASP3ERY CA:-S BOR30 (Oberea bim.maculata Oliv.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (July 21): The raspberry cae borer is -ery ab-!:-:..t in
Augusta on raspberry, strawberry, and rose.

New York. W. E. Blauvelt (June 28): Ifested canes receive& front 1iagara Falls.

Nichigan. E. I. McDaniel (June 30): ITever before has this insect b-en. so numer-
ous. It works not only in blackberries and raspberries, but also in roses
quite freely. It is received front all over the State daily. Today it came
in from Imlay City and mast Lansi:.?.


RASP3R.Y R0A BCR'S (a:.bccia ar inata :-arr.)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (July 23): K. W. Gray reports -"'.rst p-pae of the raspberry
borer found about July 9.


GAPE LAFEhOPP? (:rythror.e-.r comes Saz)

l1e'. York:. N7. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly NTews Letter (July): The grape leaf-
hopper was quite numerous throughout both eastern and western Hew York. The
leafhoppers were still hatching in the HuDso:: River V] ley during the first
week in July, which 'ras a week later than they were in 1931. (Abstract, J.A.

Iowa. C. T. Ainslie (July 12): Swarms of leafhcppers of the Typhlocybini are
attackin- vines of the Beta grape in vineyards here in Sioux City. Concord
and Niagara grapes appear to have been exempt from injury so far.

NTebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 20 to July 20): Grape leaves, and to a greater exter,
woodbine leaves, were reported injured by the -rape leafhopper from July 6 to
date, especially in northern iTebraseca.

GRAPE PEYLOX-A (Phylloxera vitifoliae Fitch)

Kentucky. W. A. Price (July 26): Grape phylloxera appeared abuaneantly in a
vir.e"ard at Flemingsburg.

GRAPE LEAF OLT'1(Desmraia funerals .-bn.)

Kentucky-. W. A. Price (July 26): Grape leaf folder did considerable dca-e at

GRAPE BRRY :.OmTH (Polychrosis vitca-.a Clem. )

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (July 22): First mature .irst-"reood larvae June 30.
First mature first-brood moths July 14.

A SCARABA7ID (Paclystcthus lucicola Fab.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (July 25): A beetle which was identified as this
species :'* s sent in to this office from practicall- every soct'on of th' State.
For the most part it was stated that the beetles were found in lar-c numbers
r.-iainl- on -rapes, but they were also collected from irass, the foli-Ec of
fruit trees, and on corn, probably havi:r alightc5 there more or less
incidentally .

FALL QV7T-op (?::lyintria cunea Drury)

North Carolina. R. W. Leibir (July 11': Th- fill webrrrn is more dAetractit'-e to
pccai foliage tlian usual.


South Carolina. W. A. Thomas (June 27): It -was observed that this insect was
particularly abundant on native hickory along the highways, especially in the
s'.waripy area near Walterboro. Hundreds of trees, mostly from 10 to 15 feet
in height, carried this infestation. Pecans in the sane c-.:eral area showed
only a light infestation.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 30): The first nest of tlarvac -as observed on a pecan
tree in Fort Valley today.

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (Jur.- 28): The fall web-rn is* quit: noticeable on apple,
mulberry, and some other sna.e trees, in central Ohio.
WACITUT CAT.RPILLDR (Datana integerri-.m G. & R.)

Georgia. J. B. Gill (July 25): Occesi,.ial colonies of the walnut caterpillar
have been observed in pecan orchards near Albanz-y.

Fl1rida. J. R. Watson (July 26): The walnut defoliator is becoming rather conmion
on pecan trees, althuzh not so serious as last rear.

iOhio. T. H. Parks (July 21): Partial defoliation of walnut trees ihas occurred
in central Ohio counties because of the presence of this insect.

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): The walnut caterpillar is .ery a'Yurn.dart in the
southern half of the State. One correspon.-t stated that nearly all of the
walnuts in the southern one-third of the State were defoliated by July 18.

ebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 20 to July 20): Daring the period here covered there
has been a very severely injurious ab-unmdance of the walnut caterpillar on the
walnut trees in southeastern rTebraska from Pawnee County west to Jefferson and
Thayer Counties, and north to Otoe, Cass, Lancaster, and Douglas Cou-nties.
Many trees in this area were stripped of their leaves, between June 30 and
July 15. D. B. Thclan reports the start of pupation on July 10.

ansas. H. R. Bryson (July 17): The walnut datana ".as caused serious d&m'age to
walnut trees in Kansas. P.eorts indicate that the injur- is generall. A large.
numTber of trees in the vicinity of .it-. has been completely defoliated.
One grove under observation has been comr.pltely defoliated'. by- this first brood.

ississippi. C. Lyle (July 20): J. ,. i...rton re:-coorts finding, on July 11, the
first colony of walnut caterpillars at State Colleog during 1932. 1'ey wGre
about half grown and were in a peca.i tree.

,.PECAkT LVDF CAS 3-A:ER= (Acrobasis palliolella Rag.)

eorgia. J. B. Gill (July 25): There is a very hcav." infestation of th.e pecan
leaf case bearer in the corr..:-rcial pecan orchards of sout-hern Georgia.


STrR---LI1TD FIG BOR0?. (Pt:-chodes trilineatus L.)

laba;.,a. H. P. Loding (July 17): Tie roundheaded fiz borer is doinr great dam-agc
to old fig trees in Mobile City.



CORN EAR W01M (Helioth is obsoleta Fab.)

Nev. York. '. Y. State Coll. L-r. Week1ly News Letter (July 25): The corn ear
worm is rairin- havoc with sweet corn gain this year. Many growers of early
sweet corn have given up hope of marketing any of their product, in Ononda-
ga County. .

New Jersey. T. J. Headlee, R. C. Burdette, and C. H. Nissley (July): The corn
ear worm was damaiinrc early beans during the first week in July in the
southern part of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Penns.lvania. T. L. Guyton (July 26): The corn ear worm is very abundant in
York- County.

Delav:are. L. A. Stearns (July 22): Corn ear worm at Angola on July 8. Tomato
fruit worm re-orted at Snyrna July 6.

Virginia. H. G. Talk-er (July 27): The corn ear worm is very abundant on green
wrap tomatoes on the eastern shore.

Florida. J. R. Watson (July 26): The corn ear worm is very abundant as usual.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (July): We are getting reports from many sections of the
State of the injury that has been done to tomato fruits. Th.e insect is also
being found in the heart leaves and tassels of sweet corn. Heavy injury is
expected to sweet corn from the later generation of larvae. Grenhouse
men in Cuyahoga County are -oreparing to screen their greL-nhouses against the
moths to protect the October and early winter tomato crop. These men suf-
fered heavy loss to greenhouse tomatoes last fall.

Indiana. L. Pierce (July 13): The early tomato crop, an important commercial
crop in Knox County, is threatened with almost complete destruction on ac-
count of a very heavy infestation. Some fields were L.bor.doned at the be-
ginning of the pickin: season. In sorting over an entire tr;..c. load in
one instance it was found thn t only 1 bushel was fit for market.
H. 0. Deaz (July 25): Corn ear -ormn reported feellir- in curl of field
corn at Shoals, July 1, and .Ev nsville, July 8; attacked bean nods at Elk-
hart, July 15, and at Paoli, July 16. Secimens feeding in stem of tomato
were found at Lafayette, July 18. Many reports of serious injury -to ears
of sw'eet corn were received from throu-,-hrut the State.

Kent- cky. W. A. Price (July 26): The corn ear worn continues to be a serious
rest generally over the State on corn and tomatoes.

Michigan. E. I. McDaniel (July 13): The corn *.-ar worm is just beginnin., to give
trouble in Michigan. Practically all sweet-corn grow.-rs in the vicinity of
Monroe--are suffering, from a 50 to a 75 per cent infestation. Growers from
Grand Rapids report heavy losses on sweet corn in the field and from to-
matoes under glass. Yesterday re received a n-zr.ber of corn ear worms from
.p-_rta where they were 'or.king. on pop-corn. This particular crop is rather
slow and the worms were working in the tassel. They are fully two-thirds
grown. At Mlonroe many of the larvaec are ready to pupate.


R. Hutsbn (July 22): Wc have been having quite a heavy infestation by the
corn ear storm, and it is at -oresent working at Monroe, St. Joseph, Coloma,
East Lansing, Bath, Srarta, Grandd. Rapids, Kent City, Allegan, East Sauga-
tuck, and Feninville. .All of these re-oorts came in between the 13th and the
22d'of'July. I have seen specimens from several of these places, and in all
cases the corn ear worm is -oenetrating the sides of the ear through the
husk and chewing the tassel while still rolled among the lQaves.

Louisiana. C. E. Smith and P. X. Harrison (June 29): The species was unusual-
ly scarce in the vicinity of Baton Rouge during June, as determined by
field observations made from time to time. On tomato and field corn only
an occasional 'rorm was found. One field of sweet corn under observation
had an infestation of 50-60 per cent. Sv-eet corn is normally infested 100
per cent.

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (July): The corn ear worm was very abun-
dant on tomatoes in the seven northwestern counties and also doin;, consider-
able damage to tomatoes and corn throughout the northern part of the State.
(Abstract, J.A.H.)

ZEBRA CATERPILLAR (Mamestra Ricta Harr.)

Nebraska. D. B. 'Thelan (July 20): Zebra caterpillars have been found feeding
on eggplant and cabbage.

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (July 26): Say's blister beetle (omphmopeaoieFa.)
extremely abundant feeding on blossoms of delphinium at Barre, June 28.
The gray blister beetle (EDicauta cinerea Forst.) has been reported on po-
tato and also on monkshood and delphinium from various sections of the
State, including Vernon, Barre, Craftsbury, and Sheldon.

Pennsylvania. J. N. Knull (July 16): Macrobasis unicolor Kby. has been defoli-
ating the black locust seedings in the ,Mont Alto nursery.

North Carolina. Z. P. Metcalf (July 6): The gray blister beetles, E. cinerea,
are very bad on cowpeas in Cumberland County, feeding especially on buds and

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (July 8): E. oennsylvanica DeG. was very numerous on
the small flowers of the Siberiana Pea (Caragana) plants in a nursery at

Florida. J. R. Watson (July 26): Blister beetles, E. vittata Fab., have been
troublesome to peppers, especially in Alachua County.

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Blister beetles are very abundant throughout
the State, especially from- Lafayette northward. Three species, E. vittata,
E. marginata Fab. and E. pennsylvanica, seem to be doing most of the dz-rmge.
The first ones were received at the office. July 7. A variety of plants are
being attacked, 9Vith potatoes, tomatoes, and beets bearing the brunt of the


Mlinnesota. A. G. Ruarles (July 26): The big bronze blister beetle, Lytta nut-
talli Say, is very abundant in the northern part of. the State, destroying
beans. .
A. A. Gran6vsk1y (June 2): -The asb--ray blister beetle, 'T. unicolor, aP-
peared in very large nztbers in. a ner alfalfa field, also in cities, in-
festing blac- locust, carLnra hedec3, and other leguminpus olants;

North Dakota. J. A. Munr'" (July 18): Nuttal1. s, blister beetle, L. nuttalli,
is generally distributed and causing severe injury to caragana and beans.

lov'a. H. E. Jaques (July): 'Blister beetles are very abundant in Floyd County.

Alaboma. J. M. Bobinson (July 18): Blister beetles are very abundant on 0-Too-
Tan Beans at Hayleyville, cornr at est Blocton, and tomatoes at Marion.

Louisiana. P. K. Harrison (June 24): E. lemniscata Fab. is doing considerable
damage to carrot and is also feeding on Am'.ranthus sp.

Mississi-opi. C. Lyle and assistants (July): Blisterbeetles, including E.
vittata, "'and M. unicolor, have been reported as injuring soybeans and truck
crops in scattered localities.

Nebraska. D. B. Whelan (June 20 to July 20): Ina potato field west of Bush-
nell, Ximball County, the blister beetle Meloe imoressus Kby. was reported
as doing damage about the middle of July. '
M. H. Swenk (June 20 to July 20): From several scattered counties in
L:cbraska, between Pawnee.and Lincoln Counties, the striped blister beetle
SH. .lemniscata) was re-oorted as abundant and injurious during the second
weekl'in' July. '

VE.SA7BL_ .E VIL (Listroderes obliquus Gyll.)

Alabama. M. M. High (June 28): The following counties in Alabama have recent-
ly been found infested with the vegetable weevil: Hale, Bibb, Shelby,
Chilton, Elmore, Autauga, Lowndes, Monroe, and Perry. This makes 39 in-
fested counties in Alabamna.


0re.-orn. D. C. Mote (July 23): Quite injurious to garden crops in various sec-
tions of the Willa-nette V.llcy. (B. G. Thompson)

FALSE CHINCH BUG (Nysius ericae Schill.)

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (July 18): These insects have beco-ie extremely
abundant on some fields of berries at Ch.dbourn during the past few weeks
and are o-rparently inflicting serious injury. Two hundred and ninety-
eight adults and nymphs were taken from a single hill of strovberries.
Several of the native weeds stow a rather heavy infestatio.-. principally
of 'r s, at this time.

Minnesota. C. E. Mickcl (June 21): The false chinch buy; is very abundant at
Manlcato, injuring huckleberry.


Arizona. A. H. Caldwell (July 5): The false' ch'nch bug seems to be all over the
State in great swarms, and has done da-mrige to all green stuff bordering fields
or lots of wild mustard.

TANISHED PLAIT BUG (L Yus ratensis L.)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. of Agr.', Weekly Tews Letter (July): The tarnished
plant bug is doing considerable damage to potatoes in western New York. (Ab-
stract, J.A.H.)

Michigan. R. Hutson (July 8): The tarnished plant bug is numerous in fields of
celery at Decatur.

APHIDS (Aphiidae)

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers and assistants (July): Aphids axe m-nore abundant than
they have been for many years on all truck crops. (Abstract, J.A..H.)

THRIPS (Thysanoptera)

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (July 20): These insects are extremely abundant
in the blooms of snap beans at Clarendon. The beans have been blooming for
several weeks and to date no fruit has been set. Whether this failure is
due to prevailing dryj weather or to the unusual abundance of thrips has not
yet been determined.

CRICSKnTS (Gryllidae)

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (July 22): There is an unusual abundance of field
crickets in the strawberry fields at Chadbourn. It is hard to determine
just what damage is being done, as the runner plants have not begun to de-
velop to any extent. The principal injury seems to occur a little later in
the season Then the runners are chewed off from the mother plants before
the young plant roots in the soil. These insects are reported as injuring
tomato fruit, cantaloupe, and a few other fruits in this section.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro and assistants (July): The black field cricket was
reported as quite abundant over the greater part of the State. (Abstract,

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (July): Crickets, species Anurogryllus
muticus DeG., have been injuring cotton in one community at Meridian, Lau-
derdale County, and cotton and peanuts in Neshoba County. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

CHAINGA (Scapteriscus vicinus Scudd.)

Texas. Mrs. E. L. Coker (May 10): One adult female collected May 10, 1932, on
plants and flowers in 0rangefield, Orange County. (Det. by A. N. Caudell)



COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Lentinftarsa decemlineata 3-,)

Ne': Yorl:;. Y. State Coll. Wr., Jeekly Ne--s Letter (July): The Coloriod pota-
to beetle, alth-ou.h -oresent in noticeable numbers throuwh''ut the State, it
is not so serious as it was last year. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

ewv. Jer--e". T. J. Headlee, R. C." Burdette, and C. H. Nissley (July): Although
Colorado potato beetles were still present in considerable numbers, the situs
tion did not change much during the month. (Abstract, J. A. H.)

Georgia. 0. I. Snap (July'.H):Very abundant on eggplant at Fort Valley.

Florida. J. R. 7atson (July 26): The Col0rado potato beetle was doing considered
ble damage to eggplant in Alachua County.

7isconsin. E. L. Chambers and assistants (July): The Colorado potato beetle is
unusually abundant in all parts of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (July 26): Colorado potato beetles are very abundant
over the State.

Iowa. H. E. Jaques (July):' This insect is appearing froth moderately to very
abundant over the State.

Nebras:-. M. H. Swen'c (June 20 to July 20): The Colorado otrto beetle has beei
more than usually abundant upon potatoes in all parts of the State, includin-
the irrigated and dry land potato districts of western Nebras..a, during the
period here covered.
D. B3. Whelan (June 20 to July 20): The Colorado potato beetle was abundant
in all stouEs on eggplant at Lincoln in July.

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (July): The Color-d- potato beetle was
very abundant in several northwestern Counties of the State. (Abstract, J.A

Colorado. G. M. List (July 23): Colorado potato beetles are much more abiuidant
Than usual.

Ida ho. R. W. Haegele (July 26): The Colorado potato beetle is somewhat m-nore
abundant in southwestern Idach than in 1931. The spread has been slight,
the only ncr territory infested in 1932 being Owyhee County.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (July 21): The Colorado potato beetle has not been found
in Utah so far this ye-.r.

THREE-LI=ED POTATO BETLE (Lema trilineata Oliv.)

Connecticut. D. S. Lacroix (July 1): The three-lined potato beetle is more
abundant at Windsor this season than last and is more plentiful thnn the
Color' :co potato beetle.


POTATO IL2A BEETLE (Eoitrix cucumcris Harr.)

Connecticut. N. Turner (July 22): The admits have been emerging for several days.
Considerable damage was done to drought-injured potatoes in the southern part
of the State.

North Dakota. E. J. Taintor (July 13): Potato flea beetles are abundant.

Colorado. G. M. List (July 23): The potato flea beetle is very abundant in Weld
and Morgan Counties.

TOMATO PITN 170RM (Gnorimoschema lycoDersicella Busck)

Florida. J. R. Watson (July 26): An insect which gave much trouble to the toma-
to growers about Bradenton in the late spring was bred out and identified as
G. lyco-nersicella Busck. (Dot. A. Busck)

HOR.TORMS (Phlegethontius spp.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (July 22): P. sexta Johan. on tomato at Houston.

New Jersey. T. J. Headlee, R. C. Burdette, and C. H. Nissley (July): Severe
damage by the tomato hornworm (P. quinquemaculata Haw.) was occasioned during
the latter half of July in unsprayed tomato fields and pepper in the southern
part of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Florida. F. S. Chamberlin (July 8): The abundance of the tobacco hornworm (P.
sexta)appears to be about normal to date, in Gadsden County on tobacco.

Nebraska. D. B. Whelan (June 20 to July 20): P. sexta was found on eggplant in

Mississippi. J. P. Kislanko (July 20): Tomato hornworms (P. sexta) defoliated
50 per cent of the tomato plants in one field near Hattiesburg.

POTATO APHID (Illinoia solanifolii Ashm.)

New Jersey. T. J. Hcadlee, R. C. Burdette, and C. H. Nissley (July): The pota-
to aphid was comopxatively scarce on potatoes but was quite abundant on to-
mato throughout the month. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

North DYkota. J. A. lMunro (July 18): The potato aphid is moderately abundant
on potatoes at Fargo.

AN APHID (Megoura) Amphorophora solani Thos.)

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (July II): The tomato aphid, M. solani, is very abun-
dant and causes a great deal of injury directly and indirectly by spreading
the mosaic diseases.

POTATO LMFFHDPPER (Bmpoasca fabae Harr.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (July 26): Potato leafhoppers are moderately abundant in
Windham County.


Connecticut. Turner (July): Nymphs are injuring bush lima beans and green
Cc'ns of the Blac'- Valentine variety at Mt. Carnel. Not so abundant on Boun
ti ful beans.

:-cw Yor'-. 1. Y. State Coll. of Agr., weekly 1'ews Letter (July):. The potato lea
ho-per was abundant throughout the State and some hoppcrburn was noticeable
during the last p-rt of the month;. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Mic'i an. R. Hutson (July 23): The potato leafhopper is very abundr-nt.
,Jisconsin. E. L. Chambers and assistants (July): The potato leaf-opper is ap-
pearing quite generally wherever potatoes are grown. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (July 11): Potato leafhopeors are just beginning to
appear in large numbers in potato fields near St. Paul. Climatic conditions
so far were not so favorable for development as they were last year at this

North D-kota. Z. J. Taintor (July 13): Leafhoppers are abundant on potatoes in County.

Iowa. H. E., Jaques (July): The potato leafhopper is from moderately to very
abundant over most of the State.

TOTMATO PSYLLID (Paratrioza cockerelli Sulc.)

Colorado. G. M. List (July 23): The tomato psyllid is moderately to very abun-
dant in eastern Colorado a.nd less abundant in the western Dart of the State.
It caused very noticeable injury to tomatoes in the Ar'an-isas Valley. The
early potato crop in W7eld and ,*rgan Counties a loss of from 25 to 95 pe
cent on account of the psyllid yellows. Some psyllid yellows is shoving on
the late potatoes in these counties.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (July 21): Potato psyllids are still causing serious dam-
age to potatoes in marn. parts of Utah, while the crop is almost unaffected
in other localities. (July 25): Potatoes in several parts of Davis and
Weber Counties are being seriously damaged. On the Davis County Experiments
Farm at Fnrmin:ton from 500 to 1,000 nymphs have been counted per hill in a
number of cases.


EG;PLAYT LACE'JYr (Gargaphia soloni Held.)

Maryland. C. H. Hanson (July 18): The insects are so serious on our eggplrnts
at Forest Glen that we are thinking of givin%; up our atte-npts to gro'r this

EGGPLrA'.T FLEA BE-TLE (Epitrix fuscula Crotch)

India':-. H. 0. Deay (July 25): A new generation of adult flea beetles were ap-
pearing on egtglant at Lafayette, July 16. Undusted plants wore nearly de-
foliated by July 22.


Nebraska. D. B. Whelan (June 20 .to July 20): Eggplvit leaves were being badly
riddled by the flea beetle in Lincoln.

A LEAF BEETLE (Gratiana pallidula Boh.)

Nebraska. D. B. Whelan (June 20 to July 20): Cassida pallidula was found on
eggplant in Lincoln.


MEXICAN BEAN BEETLE (Epilachna corrupta Muls.)

New Hampshire. L. C. Glover (July 23): On June 22 two adults were found feed-
ing on field beans in East Westmoreland. First-generation larvae and newly-
formed pupae were found in Nashua on July 19, and since that time larvae
have been found in Marlboro, Cheshire, Hinsdale, Hollis, Wilton, and Concord.
First-generation adults were found in Hollis on July 22. Apparently the
beetle is generally distributed in southwestern New Hampshire.

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (July 26): Mexican bean beetles are very abundant at
Brattleboro and Vernon; moderately abundant so far at Putney, and reported
in Newfane.

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (July 26): Mexican bean beetle has been much more
abundant in the sections of the State now infested than was the case last
year. This is particularly true of the lower half of the Connecticut Valley.
In Hamden County in fields which were not protected by soray or dust during
the early season, the beetles have practically stripped the plants and ren-
dered the crop worthless. By the middle of July the first-brood larvae
were maturing and numerous Duoae were found. At the present time the adults
of the first summer brood are beginning to appear in considerable numbers.
The infestation is not quite so serious in the eastern -part of the State and
in the more northern sections where the species has more recently established
itself, but present indications point to a rather heavy infestation during
the later broods and the danger of considerable injury if pro-rot measures
for control are not put into effect.

Rhode Island. A. E. Stene (July 23): The Mexican bean beetle is very abundant
and generally distributed.

Connecticut. N. Turner (July 22): The first-generation adults are now appearing.
First-generation damage was general and severe on garden beans.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June 27): The Mexican
bean beetle is more generally distributed and is doing more damage here than
ever before in Greene County.

Pennsylvania. J. N. Knull (July 16): -The. Mexican bean beetle is very abundant
in Franklin County this ear. The overwintering adults and first-generation
larvae have done an immense amount of damage to beans in gardens.

Maryland. E. N. Cory (July 21): The Mexican bean beetle is very abundant.

Virginia. H. G. walker (July 27): The Mexican bean beetle is moderately abundant.


i'orth Carolina. R. 7. L oiby (July I-1): This -oesthas 'boen more destructive thu
far this season than ever in its history.. Dnmrnic. nd destruction include
acres of sn'p beans grown on . commercial scale. They have 'dt been limited
to gardens. ...

South Carolina. A. Lutken (July-25):: The Mexican bean beetle is very abundant

Georgia. C. H. Alden (July 18): The Mexican bean beetle is vert abundant at
Cornelia, where it is ruining snap beans where no control measures have
been applied.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (July 23): This insect is very abundant and doir.n great dam-
age all over Ohio. Many bean plantings have been ruined.

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): The Mexican bean beetle is very abundant over
the whole State exco-it the northwestern part Over 40 inquiries from coun-
ty ,,-ints in regard to its control were received, most of these coming from
the northern and central western part of the State where it has done very
little commercial damage until this season. Considerable damage is being
done at Lafayette, although but one beetle had ever been taken there until
this season.

Illinois. "7. P. Flint (July 20): This beetle was found at a number of points
in eastern Illinois as far west as Urbana. The Mexican bean beetle is caus-
in, some damage to bc.rns in these sections. This insect was first found in
E3d.-,'.rds County at Albion on June 6. On June 16 it was located gain at
Albion, Lawrenceville, and Mt. Carmel. Beetles were found in Robinson,
Crawford County,.on June 21. July 7 first beetles were found in Urbana,
Cb:1ipr-'ign County.

Kentuckyj. 07. A. Price (July 26): The Mexican bean beetles have been troublesom
over the State generally during the past month.

Michiean. E. I. McDaniel (July 6): Today we received a sn-Mole of the M'exican
bean beetle from Decatur which is very near the west coast of the State.
This is the first time the beetle has in the western pnrt of the

Alibam .. J. M. Robinson (July 18): The M'exican bean beetle is moderately abun-
dant at Auburn and L'I;tF-ette. .'


PZ\ APHID (Illinoia pisi Xalt.)

liscorncin. E. L. Chambers and assistants '(July): The pea anhid is very serious
ly affectin- the car-m.inj crop in -25 counties in cast-central and northenst--


ern Wisconsin. In places the late crop has'been-totally destroyed and a large
part of the early crop damaged. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (July 11): The pea aphid practically ruined some of
the canning peas in the southeastern part of the State.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (July 18): The pea aphid situation much improved
since last report. Aphid enemies have checked its development.

Nebraska. M.H. Swenk (June 20 to July 20): In Cuming and other counties, dur-
ing the latter part of June, sweet neas were attacked to a serious extent.

Utah. G. F. KnoV-lton (June 30): Pea aphids are moderately abundant to rather
abundant on field peas and alfalfa in mnmy parrts of Weber County.


IMPORTED CABBAGE 70M (Ascia rapae L.)

Indiana. H. 0. Dcay (July 25): The imported cabbage worm is very abundant over
the entire State.

Michigan. R. Hutson (July 23): The imported cabbage worm is very abundant.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers and assistants (July): The imported cabbage worm is
very abundant throughout the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Minnesota. A. A. Granzovsky (July 11): The imported cabbage worm is moderately
abundant in most of the cabbage fields.

Nebraska. D. B. '.Thelan (June 20 to July 20): The cabbage worm has been more
than usually troublesome on cabbage in all parts of the State during the
period here covered. At Lincoln this species formed 79 per cent of all the
caterp-oillars collected on cabbage. It completely killed nevily-set fall
cabbage plants. The pealk of pupation of the worms collected -occurred on
July 20.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (July 21): Larvae are doing their usual damage in northern

DIAMOND-BACK MOTH (Plutella maculi-oennis Curt.)

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (July 11): Very abundant in some cabbage, rape, and
cauliflower fields and doing considerable damage.

Oregon. D. C. Mote (July 23): There is a very serious infestation throughout
the entire lower 7illamctte Valley and coast counties on rape, cauliflower,
turnips, cabbage, etc.

CABBAGE LOOPER (Autographa brassicae Riley)

Nebraska. D. B. Thelan (June 20 to July 20): The cabbage looper constituted 20
per cent *f all the worms found on cabbage at Lincoln. This species caused
quito a little dnrm-ge to nev-ly-set fall cabbages. LIBRARY


Color.-'do. G. M. List' (July 23): The cabbage looper i,:moderately abund!n.t in
the mountain-head-lettucc and nea-grotin-;. rc ions.. Thc second brood is cnus-
inr. considerable injury at this time.
*' ' ^ -. %
cir..-esota. A. A. Granovsky (July 11): The' cabbage looper is co-mon.

HA-IQLJqUI1, BUG (Murgantia iistrionica H-ahn)

Maryland. E. T. Cory (July 20): The harlequin bug is very injurious on cabbage
and other cucurbits in southern .taryland.

Jest Virginia. L. M. Peairs (July 21): I wish to call your particular attcntio:
to the harlequin bug which has not appeared on a 'Jest Virginia re-port for
possibly 15 years. I have records of th~esc insects in injurious n'.bers
from the following counties: Cabell, Mhson, Lincoln, U'yo-in;;, Pendleton,
and Jefferson, all within the past veek or ten days. One re-oort states that
a few wvcre seen in the late summer of 1931. It is probable that the mild
winter permitted the late sumner migrants,.o.f 1931 to s-rvive in sufficient
numbers to cause the infestation.

North Carolina. '7. A. Thomas (July 15): A large brood of adults, which emerged
a fer Weeks r*.-o at Chadbourn, have bcun lying eggs heavily and in some
cases the youn.- nymphs are develoninG. Some.plpts of collards in this vicia
ity have already been com-rolotely destroyed and many others have nothing
left exccot the small green bud. No -oar-sitism has yet been observed.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 23): 1'. histrionicnis abundant this year; ruined a
field of collards at Byro6h. '

Kentucky. 7. A. Price (July 26): Harlequin bu1s have been reported doing damage
at Brandenburg, Hoigen',ille, 0wensboro, Barbourville, Berea, Mlizabethtorn,
and Clinton.
Al.ob?-!. J. M. Robinson (July 18): The harlequin bug is moderately abundant on
collards, turnips, ond tomatoes at Auburn and Tuscaloosa.

Colorado. G. '". List (July 23): The !.rrlequin bug is moderately abundant in
southern Colorado.

I'.' Mexico. J. R. E:yer (July 5): The harlequin bug is vcr-' abundant all over
the State.. .

Texas. F. L. Thomas (July 16): Thecharlequin bug is very injurious to cabbage
in Castro County of the -anh-indle area.

CABBAG& APHID (Brcvicormnc brassicae L.)

Minnesota. A. A. Grniovsky (July 11): The cabbage nabid is very abundant and

l:ebr-Lan. M. H. Sw'en: (Juno 20 to July 20): In western 1"obraska., from
County to Dundy, County, cabbage grov.ers found thoir pl-,:'nts he-vily attacked
by the cabbage apohid and relatcd secies, during; the middle of J'uly.



STRIPED CUC"JT3ER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Many inquiries were received from-n throuihout
the State in regard to the control of the striped cucumber beetle, fro-n June
24 to July 10.

Kentucky. !. A. Price (Jul'- 26): Striped cucumber beetle larva.;: '.re aoii"-: "uch
damage to the underground portion of the vinos of water elon and cucumber
at Hopkinsville and Wle'mingburg.

Michigan. R. Hutson (July 23): The striped cucumber beetle is vcr" a>'--idant.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers and assistants (July): The striped cucur)ber beetle
is reported as very abundant in practically every county. In Door County
it destroyed practically all cucumbers. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
Minnesota. _A. G. RBggles (July 26): Strined cucim.xc-r beetles are vr'- a,'nd-rnt
all over the State.

North Dakota. J. A. !ituno (July 18): Stripned cucumber beetles are moderately
abundant and v:idely distributed.

Nebraska. D. B. T7helan (July 20)i Adults have killed nany cucumber l.ints.

M0OT APHID (Aphis gossypii Glov.)

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): The melon aphid was re-orted attackin,!' nu,-,,c!-.1on
at Swayzee, July 8.

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (July 11): The melon aphid is very cornon and doubt-
less will do much damage before the season is over.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 20 to July 20): A great deal of trouble was experi-
enced by growers of cucumbers and melons in southern and southeastern
-Yebraska counties from Jine 21 to this day, July 21.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (July 20): The melon aphid is abundant on cucumbers and
melons in southwestern and central Kansas.

PICMLE .70-. (Di rp-.ania nitidalis Stoll)

South Carolina. A. Lutken (July 25): Pickle worm-ns have been very abundant in
the vicinity of Clemson College.

Alabama. J. M. Bobinson (July 18): The pickle worm is very abundant in Auburn
on pickles and cantaloupes.

Mississippi. J. Milton (July 20): The pickle ,orm is aburnInt or. cantaloupes
in Hinds County.

MELOT JOR. (Diaphania hyalinata L.)

South Carolina. A. Lutken (July 25): Melon worms have been very abundant in the
vicinity of Clemson College.

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (July 18): Melon worns are vr, a'und:--i o'-. ca:-talcu-,e.


SQUASH BU, (.nasa tristis DeG. )

North Carolina. R. 7. Leiby (July 11): The sq-uash bu, is or'cscnt in nol't thrn
average numbers.

South Carolina. A. Luthen (July 25): Squnsh burs have boc. "cry : .:.-nt ir. the
vicinity of Cle-nson

Alabama. J. '. Robinson (July 18): Souash ':, are vcry ,nd-nt o. -"a rTilon
at Seal and on squash r.t Auburn.

Iowa. H. B. Jnques (July 24): Squash bugs are moderntel:- :,obuni'>.-;t i-. Boone oun-

Nebraska. D. B. Thelan (July 20): --r. of this insect ar-: .0bu-.- _. .:...;e-s
on squash. Smrne eg-s have hatched, probably 3 or 4 day's -,o. ."Ms! in eCI
t i. Sw. enL: (July 20'): Fromn June 24 to date the -:-'.. c:- : *u ly
troublcsoenc on cucurbits, especially sc-ushes, in -11 -n-.rts of t t. vtt.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson. (JulJ !P): Solar-sh b,'gs rre -'" .t ?. .... m-
tan, as veil as in other localities where cuc'.:rbits .,rc ;r'ov'.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (July 12): Sqash. bugs are now c-.i7;:n scrinuis .,e i1:
some fields at American 7or'1:.

New M1exico. J. R. Ever (July 5): Thie squash .. is moecr,- .....1 - L... .. "- -
Rio Grande Valley.


017IOYI r--RIPS (Tlu-ps tabaci

Michigan. R. Hutson (July 8): The onion thrips is c .ri- zora .r, o'_-:. .
in fields of owcet corn neo.r :'-ryrsvillc.

Nebrns'-s.. D. B. T7helan (July 20): T. t-.b.--ci is vor .- :t i'- -"-nv onicn beds
at Lincoln in spite of effort- nt cont-rol.

Colorvdo. G. 7. List (July 23): The onion thri-s is -:t "bui3 ".- in t'.c _'-::-
sas Valley and northlfrn Colorrio.

Ore -on. D. C. Mote (July 23): Onio-. thrips rxe inp0e-ri i c Ai .-^^ -.--m oers
and doing some d&'o-c in the ',illa'iette Vnlley.


TORTOISE B_7TLES (Cassidinae)

Del-,,'.r, ire. L. A. Stearns (Jul-" 22): (Cassidn) ctrioe:i bi-.itt-t,. Sa7 '.as repried
at L)r.'r-l on Jul 6; it had -oracticilly a 4",-icr2 fil -f svc:.t-ot:-


toes; adjoining fields were lightly to moderately infested.

Maryland. Z. T. Cory and Staff (July): Tortoise beetles (Chclym.orpha cassiden
Fra.b.)".re especially abundant.

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Tortoise beetles were reported to be doing severe
damage to sweetpotatoes in Vincennes July 2.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (July 20): Snecirmens of 1. bivittata and Chirida ,uttata
Oliv. were received from Oxford on June 30 7ith a report that these beetles
were abundant on swveetnotato plants.

S7,ETPOTATO :TITZFIFLY (Bemisia inconspicua Quaint.)

Florida. J. R. Tatson (July 26): The sweet-ootato v'hitefly (B. inconspicua) is
attacking sweetpotatoes in Alachua and other counties.


STA7IBLRRY LEAF ROLL3F. (Ancyli s comptana Fro el.)

North Carolina. 7.. A. Thomas (July 18): Thile examining strawberry plants at
Chadbourn for false c-'inch bugs it was observed that an unusual number of
strawberry" leaf rollers had developed on the plants. Panal sins were very
abundant about these -olants and a fev adults ; ere observed.

Nebras1_a. D. B. 7helan (July 20): The peak of abundance of the second-brood
larvae of the strawberry leaf roller was from July 12 to 25. The first pupa
of this generation for,-ed on July 20.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (July 20): The stra.-berr- leaf roller is reported as
causing:; severe damage in the vicinity of Topeka and also is causing damage
in eastern Doniphan County.

BE-T .';OR': (Loxostege sticticalis L.)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro and assistants (July): The beet webworm was quite
abundant in 3ur'ce, '.ountrail, Bottineau, 4illiams, and McKenzic Counties dur-
ing the third week in the month. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
F. D. c,.tcher (July 11): In Benson County, Saturday, I saw somc damage to
flax by the sugar-beet webworm. It had cleaned out the Russian thistles and
had then attacked the flax; thc infestation had taken about 15 acres and ran
about 3 caterpillars to each yard of flax row. I think.- all of thorn were
younger than the last instar.

Colorado. G.- M. List (July 23): The second-brood beet webworn moths and alfalfa
webworm (L. cormixtalis U7alk.) are moderately abundant in northcrn- Colorado
at this time.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Jul"- 21): Thne sugar beet w_-bvorm is doing serious da-,Ee
in many arts of Utah. 3oets ond alfalfa are most seriously affectc.. Con-


siderable spraying is being done in Cache, Utah, Rich, D;-gcet, Carbon, and
Salt Lake Counties.


MINT LEAF BEETLE (Longitarsus mcthavhL.-as Gent.)

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Adults appeared at TTarsVs, July 8. The larvae
have caused considerable injury throughout the northern part of Indiana. The
beetles are common everywhere and were abundant in certain ecological areas
July 21, (G. E. Gould)


TOBACCO FLEA BEETLE (Epitrix parvula Fab.)

Florida. F. S. Chamberlin (July 4): A very large third brood of flea beetles,
emerged in tobacco fields in Gadsden County where early control measures
were not thoroughly applied.

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): The tobacco flea beetle was reported to be doing
serious injury to tobacco at Lawrenceburg, June 29.

TOBACCO THRIPS (Frankliniella fusca Hinds)

Connecticut. D. Lacroix (July 15): The tobacco thrips is more widespread than
at any time in the pastthree years. It is occurring on shade-grown Havana
seed, and broadleaf tobacco in lest Granby, Windsor,. 3ast Hartford, and Man-


BAGWORM (Thyrido-pteryx ephe meraeformis Haw.)

New York. E. P. Felt (July 26): The bagworm is locally abundant in 'Testchester

Pennsylvania. J. K. Knull (July 22): The bagworm is very abundant on black lo-
cust and arborvitae in Cumberland, Adams, and Franklin Counties.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (July 22): Bngv-nrms were reported from icwark on arbor-
vitae, July 9, and from Yorklyn and Uyo-,ing the 14th ar.i 19th respectively.

Maryland. Press release, Extension Ser.'ice, Univ. of "d. (July 18): Property
owners are suffering more than usual dama.'c to their trees and shrubs this
season through injury by bagworms.

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (July 18): Infestation is very severe in Columbus and

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Bagworms were reported attacking boxclder and
mriple at Indianapolis, July 12, and apple and arborvitae at Zv;\nsville, July
19. Defoliating cottonwood throughout the southern part of the State, July


Kentucky. W. A. Price (July 26): Bagrorms have been very abundant on evergreen
trees and shrubs in central and western Kentucky. About 10 -noer cent of the
worms are now full fed and the bags are fastened to the twigs.

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (July 18): The bagworm is very abundant on ?-rborvitae
at Selma, Montgomery, Florence, and Haleyville.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (July 20): Reported abundant on arborvitae at Holly Springs
on June 28 and at Greenville on July 1,3. Severe injury to plants at State
College has also been observed recently. Moderrtly abundant in Senatobia,
July 14.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (July 22): Correspondents from the following counties stated
that bagworms were Idllin., the trees: Galveston, Limestone, Jefferson, Polk,
Angelina, and Harris Counties.

CAiKB ";70ORmS (Geom-etridae)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (July 21): Heavy defoliation of elms by the canker v;orms
Paleacrita vernata Peck and Alohonila pometaria Harr. was reported from
Aroostook County, June 23.

SATIi' ITH (Stilpnotia salicis L.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (July 21): Heavy outbreaks of the satin mloth have been re-
ported from Bre'-cr, BanteOr, Old Town, and Dover-Foxcroft.

OITE-?'AlCZD TTUSSOCK MOTH (Hemerocampa leucostigna S. & A.)

Pennsylvania. J. R. Star (July 22): The white-marked tussock moth. is quite

Ohio. T. H. Par'-s (July): A rather serious outbreak of this insect has occurred
in Colnumbus. It has partially defoliated some trees. The larvae have now
ceased fc-Aiun- and are sninni up;-the tree trumks and limbs. Defoliation
!of horse-chestnut trees "rs seen during the week of July 20 in Cleveland.

Iowa. C. Y. Ainslie (July 12): The larvae arc appearing in great numbers on the
:haic trees of north western IoTa. They are n-ow about mature and
pupation. Ko adults have been seen as yet.

Nebraska. M. H. Swelnk (June 20 to July 20): This insect is again on the increase
in southeastern Nebrask:a.

FOREST T:,T CATBHPILLAR (Malacosoma disstria Hbn.)

Maine. J. V. Schaffner, jr. (July 20): Reports have been received that 1. !Lss-
tria has caused considerable defoliation of deciduous growths in forests
through Milford, Township 8, and TWalthatn. Several square miles infested.
H. B. Peirson (July 21): Forest tent caterpillars in rather severe outbreraks
were observed in Sherman, Mattaw'vnmeag and T. 3. R. 9.

: WALKINGSTICKX (Diavheromera femorata Say)

Pennsylvania. J. INT. Knull (July 16): Nymphs of the walkingstick are abundant on
foliage in various parts of the State.


BLACK VINE *7=71IL (Brachyrhinus 9ulcntus Fab.)

Connecticut, Ne'v York, and Pennsylvania. E. P. Felt (July 25): Tho blac: vine
weevil continues abundant, injuring plants here and there, notably at St.n-
ford, Conn., Mamaroneck, N. Y., and Philadelphia, Pa.

APHIDS (Aphniidae)

Minnesota. A. A. Grinovsky (July II): Shade trees and shrubs are badly infeste
with various species of aphids: H!oncllia caryae "'onell, I. car.-ela Fitch,
nigropunctata Grinovs':7 attac,:in black walnuts; and 'yzoc'llis discolor
Monell, M. alhm'nbra Davidson, Kyzocallis tuberculatus punctatella itch at-
tackin-, oak; and tyzocallis tuberculatus ulmifolii "{onell attacldin clmn.


BRONZE BIRCH BORL (Agrilus anxius Gory)

tbaine. H. B3. Pcirson (July 21): Ornamontal birch throu hout the State is g;radu
ly bein5 destroyed.

Indiana. I1. 0. Dcay (July 25): Specim-nens wh"lich attached cutleaf birch werc re-
ceived from Seymour, June 29.

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsej (July 11): Bronze birch borers on cutleaf birch are
very common, killing trees groTin,7 in open places.

BIRCH CASE B?%1RR (Coleo-ohora s"-Im'ni Heinr.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (July 21): Heavy outbreaLs in B-r Tarbor, winter :xbor,
and tons in between were reported July 18.

BIRCH S1=L-T0OIZ2R (Bucculatrix canadensisella Chamb.)

Maine. H. B. Pcirson (July 21): Birch s-eletonizer observed July 18. This in-
sect promises to be very severe arzin this year.

BIRCH L_-.F 7MIN2 (Fcnusa numila KXlug)

Connecticut. R. B. Friend (July 25): Abundant on gr.-r rnd 7T'Iit birches throu,
out the State.

BIRCH L1-MITlT:.TG SA7FLY (Phyllotoma ne.norata Fallen)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (July 21): Adults of the birch leaf miner are cmercing in
great quantities over much of the State.


CAT.'ALPA SFiI: (Ceratonia catilpaoc Bdv.)

Dela.-arc. L. A. Stearns (July 22): The catalpa sphinx was reported from Ncwar-
July 1.


Pennsylvania. E. P. Felt (July 25): The catalopa sphinx has been locally abundant
in. the Philadelphia area.

Ohio. E. U. Mendenhall (July 8): Caterpillars arc very numerous in central and
southern Ohio, doing considerable damage to catalpa trees, especially Catalpa
bungEi in ornamental plantings. Many places they had stripped the leaves
off before the owner or caretak:er was aware of it.

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Many catalpa trees in the northern part of the
State have been completely defoliated.

Kentucky. 7. A. Price (July 26): The catalpa sphinx has been rather abundant
in Scott and Fayette Counties.


A CYPRESS SAJTFLY (Susana cunrossi Roh. & Middleton)

California. H. J. Ryan (April 19): This recently-described species (Proc. Ent.
Soc. Wash. 34: 94, 1932), first recorded in 1931 from Ventura and Los An-
geles Counties, '-as reported as active during late April of this year on
Arizona and Monterey cypress -.t 3ew Hall and San Gabriel, Los Angeles Coun-


ELM LEAF BEETLE (Galerucella xanthomelaena Schr.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (July 26): The elm leaf beetle is reported as unusually
a.bundant at Rutland. Moderate feeding, was noted as far north as Windsor in
the Connecticut River Valley.

New Hampshire. L. Ci Glover (July 23): The elm loaf beetle, which was reported
as doing a great deal of damage last year, is very scarce this year.

Connecticut. R. B. Friend (July 25): Quite common throughout the State; un-
sprayed trees are beginning to show brown.

Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, jr. (July 21): Thousands of elm trees are being
seriously damaged in eastern Massachusetts, more es-oecially in localities
where the shade trees are not protected by spraying. Large numbers of larvae
were pupating on July 15 at Danvers and Woburn. On July 19 a few adults were
seen at Woburn.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (July 22): The elm3ccr.f beetle was reported at Rocl-land,
July 1.

Maryland. E. N. Cory (July 20): There is a general outbreak throughout the
State south and east of Baltimore.

New England and New York. E. P. Felt (July 26): The elm leaf beetle is general
and severe, though sporadic injury is evident in southern and eastern revi
England, and in southern New York.


Ohio. E. W. Mcr.denhall (July 19): A severe outbrec- is occurrin- onMain and
Lagonda Streets in Springfield on about a dozen elm trees.

Kansas. H. R. Br-rsn (July 20): R. L. Par-er reports slight defoliation of clr
in Mmanh-ittan.

Oregon. D. C. Mote (July 23): B. G. Thompson reports th-t the elm leaf boetip
is not so serious as it has been in previous years.

,ashington. E. J. 1,Tewcomer (July 21):. T-is b.ectle has appov red on ein trees in
Yxkim., It first airearcd in the lover end of the Yakim. Vrllcy lost ;'cr,
and is rc-oorted as very co=mon there this season.

A BA! B32ETLE (Scolytus multistriatus Mlarsh.)

Pennsylvania. J. IT. Xnull (July): The -r-vperan el- hah:' beetle was found ver)--
ing in injured Chinese elns in the vicinity of Philobdel-hin. Shc trees
had been shin-ocd from the 'Jest.

2l.( BOR. (Saperda tridentata Oliv.)

Ohio. E. 7. Mcndenhall (July 19): A number of infested Americnn el-n trees in
Livingston Porf : in Colur'bus are dea.i and dying, f roei the effects of the el-

WOOLLY EL"' *P'HID (ric-so-a Rcic"r.... Rilcv)

Mai-.:e. H. B. Peirson (July 21): Veryr he"-iy outbren's were occurring',2hout
central 7'.ine, June 22. Automobiles coated Vith the hre.'TdY .o:..sir. much

ITebrasea. M. H. Swenk (July 20): Compl'ints of the curling of the Icf'os of
elm continued to be received until nearly the end of June.

A SAC G=LL (Tetraneura ulri s.!cc'2li Patch)

Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (July 25): The elm sac gall was reported on :-L:lJish
elm from 'Jest Tisbury, Martha's Vineyard.

A MITE (:!ioohyes ulmi Garm.)

Nebraslca. MH. H Sw'en! (July 20): Heavy infestations of el1. trees at York with
the elm pocket gall were re- orted. during the last y. eec in June.

EJMP1'Z2" EL'( SCALE (Goso,-roaria s-ouria Hod. )

Maine. H. 3. Peirson (July 21): Europeean elm scnle infestation fairl.y, heavy in
Aurusta and Bnrinor, June 20.

AN APHID (Dro-yf'.sia niceae Ratz.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (July 21): This 7Xroiaean insect, which has invaded ninee
from 'Yev Brrns'.-ic, is killin- considerable fir alon'; the coast and "his


year spot outbreaks are being found in the Maine Forest district 80 to 100
miles from the coast.

BALSAM FIR 7EEVIL (Pissodes dubius 3and.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (July 21): Fir in many parts is dying from attacks of this
beetle. The early drought probably has much to do with the attack.


EMLOCK BAEK BORMR (Melanophila fulvoguttata Harr.)

Pennsylvania. J. N. Knull (July): In the last couple of years the spotted hem-
lock borer has played an important part in the death of many hemlock trees
throughout the State. Exit burrows were observed in many trees containing
green foliage.


LARCH CASE BZ"R22 (Coleophora laricella Hbn.)

New England. J. V. Schaffner, jr. (July 21): Moths were noted June 2 to 30 in-
clusive. On July 12, on ten twi-s, each 5 inches in length, a total of 630
eggs were found at Bowdoinham.

Maine. H. B. Peirson (July 21): During the pupal, adult, and egg stages of this.
insect, the larch is putting out new growth. Heavily infested stands now ap-
pear green.

LARCH SA7FLY (Lygaeonematus erichsoni Htg.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (July 21): The larch sawfly was quite abundant at Thiting,
June 21.

Maine and Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, jr. (July 21): Larvae were reported
in abundance on larch during the first half of July at Bowdoinham, Me., and
Lunenburg and North Andover, Mass. At Melrose, Mass., adults from the hi-
bernating cocoons issued durin-D late April, May, and to June 21, inclusive.


LINTDE'N LACEBUG (GargaDhia tiliae Jalsh)

Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (July 25): This lacebug has severely injured linden
leaves at Stockbridge. The damage is exceedingly severe, practically entire
leaves being discolored and the undersides have large, thick patches of
eggs with a diameter of nearly an inch.

LINDE 'J.ART GALL (Cecidomyia verrucicola 0. S. )

Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (July 25): The linden wart gall is very abundant on
linden at Northampton.



LOCUST BORER (Cyllene robiniae Forst.)

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (July 11): Locust borers on blac'!- locust are very
common, killing trees grovin- in opcn places.

Indiana. H. 0. Doay (July 25): The locust borer vwas re-oorted seriously d.nngin
blach: locust at Gary, June 28.


GR,- -STRRIPM 3 'JOL EOR" (Anisota rubicunda Fab.)

Nebraska. !F. H. Sveenk (July 20): A severe local outbre;:C' occurred in Burt Coun
ty near Te.kamch, the middle of July.

COTTO1.Y 0 !APL: SCALE (Pulvinaria vitis L.)

Ohio. T. H. Park's (July 25): "7 are receiving complaints from rcstern Ohio
to-.'ns about the cottony maple scale on soft maples. Tis infestation has
existed for several years and centers in crcer and Dnirke Counties on the Ir
diana-Ohio line.

Indi.onr,. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Specimens of the cottony maple scale which 'were
severely attacking a soft -nn-rle were received from Shipshe;-an'.n, Juno 27, anc
from Marion, July 11.

Nebras .-. 1. Swcn'- (July 20): The last compwnint of the cottony maple scale
came from Keith County under date of July 12.

GLOOMY SCALE (Chrysomnohalus tcnebricosus Comst.)

Mississippi. J. Milton (July 20): The gloomy scale is very abundmnt on maple
trees in Jac,:son. The injury is very noticeable in that it is killing the
branch e s.

OAX T'JIG P(.;'- (':-,-rm-lluz villosus Fab.)

Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Ycr York. E. P. Felt (July 25): 7i,- oak and
maple pruner is exccotiona.lly ab-undant, numerous dead t,;igs having; been
noted near Nevburh, K. Y., Stamford, Coir., and various places in eastern
,oissachusetts, rorticularly Hatchville.

Connecticut. 7. 7. Britton (July 23): Scumin-ily more abunda-nt than usmunl in, Grecnvich, Vernon, Bridteoort, 3ristol, and "Tc' Tiven.

No. York-. P. Felt (July 26): The oak -nruncr is very Cen.cral in'd -.o-nc.hat i1,
jurious u-non oaks on Long Isl'nd.


A LAF MINZR (Br chys acrosus Moelsh.)

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles and assistaLnts (Juno): The oak leaf miner is reported
in R-rascy County. Adults are fccdinr on elm.


EUROF'. PI'l, SHOOT MOTH (Rhyacionio buoliana Schiff.)

Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, jr. (July 20): In eastern Massachusetts adults
began igsuing on June 10 anmd the issuance has continued to the -oresent date.
First hatching .t clrose was noted on June 30.

NANTUMT PII51 TSHOOT 'TH (hyacionia frustrnna Comst.)

Pnnsylva--ia. E. P. Felt (July 25): The Natuckct pine moth was observed serious-
ly infesting a small planting of ornamental pines in the environs of Phila-

Mi sisippi. C. Lyle (July 20): Injury to slash pine seedlings by larvae was re-
ported July 5.

A PI.T S9:0OOT :OTI: (aucosm:a gloriola Ieinr.)

Connecticut. P. Felt (July 25): The 7:hitc p-ine tip moth has caused the kill-
ing of. a number of lateral shoots in Stamford.

SOTJ7-,_ET PII'S BZETLE (Dendroctonus frontalis Zirn.)

SArkansas, Florida, North Carolina, and South Carolina. R. A. St. Gcorge (July):
During June, 1932, outbreaks of the southern oine beetle occurred ini the Hot
Springs National Par-, Ar:kansas in shortleaf pine, ta-in,i trees un to 32
inches in diameter. In Taylor and Iafayctte Counties on the western coast of
Florida, in slash and longleaf -ines, and in the Pisgrah National Torest near
Ashcvillc, r. C., in .'shortleaf oino, other outbreaks have occurred. During
July an. extensive outbreoak occurred in Charleston and Dorchester Counties in
the eastern portion of South Carolina., in some of the finest loblolly and
longleaf pine timber in that region. The beetles wcrc found first in un-
burned timberland and later in that burned. In the latter area it is believed
; that more da-ajo is being. caused than in the former one.

REBD--=D= PI!:: s''2LY (iTeodinrion lecontei Fitch)

I Michigan. 7. I. McDiniel (July 3): Reported to have defoliated all jrac:k oines in
S a good sized nursery at Grand Taven. The larvae are fully tw-o-thirds grownn.

7 PIE P ::DIZ SC2aL (Chionas-nis ninifoliac Fitch)

, Pennsylvania. J. 1i. Enull (July 22): The pine leaf scaleo is very abundant on
: natural groth of young hite nines near Pine Grove Furnace.

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Specimens were received from Milroy, July 19,
here the- were attackin. blue s-oruce.



APIIDS (Aphiildae)

Ne;brasW.:a. M. I!. Sen-1- (June 20 to July 20): There has been an unusual abudandce
of the alls of the anhids Mordv'ilDa vagabundus 'alsh ond P-T.-ohi,-us -no-uli-
transversus Riley on cottonwood trees from Sheridan, Cherry, Grant, Arthur,
..tnd Logan Counties cast to Pierce County, thus crunbr.cing tho entire sanndhill
region of the State. Reports of this infestation ran.e fro'n June 20 to July


SPRUCE GALL APHID* (Chermnes abietis L.)

Veriont. H. L. Bailey (July 26): The spruce gall aphid is oreoecnt gcrncrally,
but r-eported as particularly abundant in Norway spruce plDiantations in Top-
sh'- and Byegate.

I.ew Yor!:. C. R. Crosby (June 28): Infested branch received from Otisville.

SPRUCE ,IT3 (Paratetranychus uniunui s Jacobi)

Connecticut. '. E. Britton (July 25): Branch of hemlock froTi Norfoll: heavily
iinfested and leaves badly injured and webbed together.

Pennsylvania. J. R. Stenr (July 22): The spruce mite ha.s been observed injuring
Norv:ay spruce.

lioPMAY JILLO;7 BEETLE (Plagiodera vErsicol'r' Laich.)

NoV.' E-gland. E. P. Felt (July 26): The willow leaf beetle is gencrnoly rabundant
in southern New Ilnl.d and :Tcv, Yor', seriously injuring' the folite of many
willows and in some cases practically destroyi':7 thcmn.

Massachusetts. J. V. SchAifncr, jr. (July 21): This insect has been reported
abundant on villov in many localities. Adults of the first br)od issued
June 27 to July 9 at Mclrose.

;WILLOT CURCULIO (Cryptorhynchus lapathi L.)

Massachusetts. .. P. Felt (July 25): The mottled Tillo, borer is somewhat abun-
dant and troubloe>?Te at Beverly F"rms.

Ohio. 3. '.. ',,cndcenhall (Jutfc 28): Th1e poplar and v.illov: borers arc quite bad in
pussy villovs in s'.nc locilitics in central Ohio.

A LEAF BI3TLE (Lina ln1nvonica L.)
Michin-'n. 2. I. "'cDanicl (June 30): More numerous th'im usu-.l, feeding on willow
trc.- and devouring the foliage. About 20 years a *o wc had a similar outbreak,
after which h the beetles largely disappeared until this year, hcn they are
present in full force.




APHIDS (T.'A5.dae)

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers and assistants (July): Aphids are occurring in unpre-
cedented numbers on flowers and shrubbery throughout the State (Abstract J.A.H.)

WHITEFLIES (Aleyrodidae)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (July 19): Whiteflies are very abundant, causing consider-
able injury to shrubbery around houses in Fort Valley.

FLORIDA WAX SCALE (Ceroplastes floridensis Comst.)

Florida. E. 7. Berger and G. B. Merrill (July 21). The Florida wax scale is
scarce to moderately abundant at Macclenny and Glen Saint Mary. This scale
is widely distributed in Florida and specimens are occasionally received from
all parts of the State on many hosts.

COMMON RED SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)

Maryland. Press Release, Extension Service, Uni. of Md. July 18): Evergreens,
shade trees, and garden flowers are suffering severe injury from spider mites,
i according to reports from all part of the State received by Dr. E. N. Cory.
Many fine evergreens have been killed outright and others have been injured
so seriously that their value as ornamentals is destroyed, at least for the
oo present. Hollyhoclk, phlox, ivy, and many other ornamental plants are suffer-
ing severe injury, it is said, and boxwood is quite generally infested.

Indiana. H. 0. Doay (July 25): The red spider was reported attacking arborvitae
at Marion, June 25; cedar at Aurora, June 30; spruce at Linden, July 15;
hard maple at Shelbyville, July 21; and silver maple at Clinton, July 21.

.Illinois. W. P. Flint (July 20): The red spider has damaged coniferous plantings
-* more than usual during July. It is causing severe d-amine particularly to
juniper, Norway spruce, and arborvitae.

Nebraska. M. H. Swonk (June 20 to July 20): During the period here covered the
red spider was quite troublesome on ornamental and house plants, and vegeta-
bles in all parts of the State.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (July 20): Severe infestations on garden beans were re-
ported from Smithville and Prairie recently, the correspondent at Prairie
stating that his vines had been practically killed. Several complaints of
injury to arborvitae and rose were also received during the past month.
AZALEA SALYBUG (Eriococcus *tzaleaq Comst.)

Alabama. H. P. Loding (July 17): The azalea mealybug is becoming quit a pest
on cultivated azalea in Mobile City.



A NOCTUID (Tholeria reversals Guen.)

California. R. E. Cmrnpbell (July 11): Last yc:.r Genista was defoliated in m:.ny
parts of southern California. Apparently there will be at least a partial
recurrence this year, as we have already received several inquiries from
Alhambra as to its control.


COLUT.INE BORER (Papaincmn purpurifascia G. & R.)

Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (July 25): The columbine borer has booeen reported as
quite injurious at Weston.

North DLakota. J. A. Munro (July 18): A columbine borer, apparently P. pu-orr-uri-
fascia, destroyed a planting of columbine at Fargo.


A LEAF BEETLE (Clligroha Dhiladelphica L.)

New York. E. P. Felt (July 25): This leaf beetle a7r:s rc-)orted as feeding abun-
dantly on the foliage of silk4 dogwood (Cornus a2momum) in the Bronx River
Parkway near the Mt. Vernon station.


GLiLDIOLUS T=IPS (Taeniothrips gladioli i. & S.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (July 26): Several complaints have been brought in
of recurrence of the injury last year from the --ladiolus thrips. Iprcrently
those grovJurs who took the precaution of clenninr- their bulbs during. the viin-
te.r have not suffered as severe damage as last year. With others, however,
particularly the small growers with b'.ckjyard gardens, the pest is becoming
quite abundant and again threatening severe injury.
J. V. Schaffrkrjr. (July 21): Three commercial growers of gladioli in
Lowell, Wakefield, and Wcston have reported a considerable loss.

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (July 23): -1. gladioli is present and injuring
gladiolus throughout the State.

New York. P. J. Parrott (July 23): This gladiolus thrips is moderately abtiLndant
on plants and flowers.


A SAT7_LY (Pristiphora .:nl:-si Marl.)

Massachusetts and Vermont. J. V. Schrffer jr. (June 21): Larvae of Pristinhora
sp., near br:".kzi Marl., were reported abund-nt or. mountain ash early in July
at Melrosc, S'u-us, Stoneham, and Wakefield, V.ass., and at Stowo, Vt-.


Now York. P. I:. astman (July 14): Received twig vith i.sects together pith the
statement that a mountain ash tree was almost entirely defoliated by a sawfly.


BULB MITE (Rhizoglyphus hk-cinthi Bdv.)

Maryland. E. N. Cory (July 20): The bulb mite -as found attacking narcissus
bulbs at Emmitsburg.

Nebraska. M. H. S'.:cnk (June 20 to July 20): A Saline County correcpondcnt ro-
ported a- heavy loss of her gladiolus bulbs this year, as also last yc'-r, from
the ravages of the bulb mite.

LESSER BULB FLY (Eumcrus tuberculatus Rend.)

Maryland. E. YT. Cory (July 20): The lesser bulb fly was observed on naarcissus
bulbs at arnT.itsburg.


SERPENTTIIE LMFi !:IIR (Agromyza pusilla Meig.)

Nebr7tska. M. H. S7cnk (June 20 to July 20): The leaf miner vas quite trouble-
some on nasturtiums over the eastern part of the State.


A RHINOCROS BEETLE (Stratepis julianus Burro.)

Texas. F. L. Thomas (July 22): This beetle has beocn unusually abundant during
the past month in many areas of south and central Texas. It is especially
injurious to palms, burrowing into the bases of these ornanentals.


PHLOX BUG (Lopidca media Say)

Ohio. E. W. .Mundcnhall (July 14): The phlox bug .-:c.ry .:d'6on phimo- plants in
a nursery at Gore, Hocking County. They are very active and "-y be recog-
nized easily by the dull orange or reddish wing margins.


D 0 M E S T I C A I : A L S



Washington and Oregon. H. H. Stage (June): Aedes aboriginis Dyar were numerous
on Bainbridge Island, Puget Sound, during the month of April. The-e were- fol-
lowed by A. fitchii Felt and Young late in May and these have continued numer-
ous until the present time, June 22. A. aldrichi Dyar & Knab and A. vexans


Meig. have -'-' been very abundant about Portland since the first week in
June. A. aldrichi are more numerous than A.: vcxans this season and because
of the hith water this year are much more numerous than they were in 1931.
A. dorsalis Meig. have been abundant at Sand Lake, Tillamook County, and have
caused considerable decrease in the milk production of the dairies in the
vicinity of the tidal flats.

CHIGGER (Trombicula irritans Riley)

Pennsylvania. J. N. Knull (July 22): Chiggers have been unusually abundant in
weed fields in certain parts of Perry and Franklin Counties.

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Chiggers were reported to be very abundant at
Fishers, July 15, and at Lafayette, July 21.

Nebraska. M. H. Swernk (June 20-July 20): Chiggers have been unusually abundant
and annoying in eastern Nebraslm during the present season.


HORSE BOTFLIES (Gastrophilus spp.)

Indiana. H. 0. Deay (July 25): Horse botflies were reported to be so severe a
pest in parts of Tippecanoe County the first week in July that it was almost
impossible to work horses.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro and assistants (July): Horse botflies were reported
as very abundant in Stark, Towner, and Grand Forks Counties. (Abstract J.A.H.)

Nebras-ka. M. H. Swcnk (June-20-July 20): The nose botfly (G. haemorrhoidalis L.)
was reported as troublesome in Cheyenne County during the first week: in July.



TETJITES (Reticulitermos spp.)

United States. T. E. Snyder (July): During June 174 cases of termite damage
were reported to the Bureau of Entomology. The following list gives the num-
ber of c-Ises reported from each section: ie.w En-glnnd, 5; Middle Atlantic, 65;
South Atlantic, 34; East Central, 16; North Central, 1; West Central, 21;
Lower Mississippi, 29; Southwest, 1; Pacific Coast, 2.

ANTS (Formicidae)

Georgia. 0. I. Snipp (June 29): We have received more complaints than usual of
ants in houses and flower gardens.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (July 20): Two new Argentine ant (Iridomyrmcx humilis Mpyr)
infestations have been found. during the past month, one at Glen Allen in
Washington County and the other at '.cCirley in Carroll County.

PEA W EVIL (Bruchus sorp m L.)
-Oregon. D. C. Mote (July 23): There is a heavier infestation of the pea weevil
in the Willamette Valley this year than ever before.

CLOVER SEED CHALCID (Bruchophaius funebris How.)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (July 18): The chalcis fly was reported to have de-
stroyed 20 per cent of a bin of alfalfa seed at Bantry, McHcnry County.

Nobraska. M. H. Swonk (June 20-July 20): The clover seed chalcid was reported
injurious in York County alfalfa fields during the period here covered.

G. ST. Wolcott
Insular Experiment Station, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.

Two outbreaks of the cottony-cushion scale (I cery a purchase Mask.), from 6
to.--9 months old, have booeen found recently in Pueblo Viejo. The heaviest original
infestation, at Palo Seco, is now practically eliminated, in largo part owing to
spraying and the Australian lady beetle, during dry weather, but the final clean-
up is almost entirely due to a light gray fungus, as yet undetermined, which has
appeared in great abundance during the recent wet weather. This fungus has also
cleaned up a heavy infestation in a pocket in the hills west of B- ya-on, but in
an adjoining grove, not protected from the wind, the scale is more abundant than
a month ago, for conditions have been too dry for the fungus and too wet for the
'beetles, and the latter have entirely disppuuared, despite the fact that there is
an increasing abundance of food for them in this grove. At the present time they
are known to exist in only one grove, and not in large numbers there.

The agricultural urgent at Arecibo reports the chinch bug (Blissus leuco-
terus Say) as being destructive to young planted sug-rc-'.e, about 4 months old,
at Hatillo. This is the first record of injury to this host in lh:t, Rico, al-
though the chinch bug has previously been reported on sugarcane on Vieques Ialrnd.

Infestations of lima beons (at Isabola) continue to be confined to one
species of pod borer, Etiolla zincrenella Troit., and have been averaging from
30 to 40 caterpillars per 100 pods. This is several times as many caterpillars
as wore in the lima beans last year.

R. F-xon and A. S. Mills (May 3): The new facts, so far as Puerto Rico is
concerned, were that Fundclla cistipennis Dy'tr was usually present in smrll num-
bers in lima beans that were shipped to the States. In previous seasons E.
zinckenclla appeared to be more pr-vaLlent than Fundella but this season Fundella
larvae were found more frequently in the pods of lima beans than either Maruca
testulalis Geyer or E. zinc7enella. The infestations of F. cistipennis were light,
the heaviest being 3 per cent, found in a hamper from Istbelr. This insect was
found to be present in shipments from Loiza, Vega Baja, Arecibo, Isabela, and
Adjunitas. E. zinckenella was found in only three shin ents of lima beans and
four of gandules.


3 1262 09244 6037
-294- *


Notes abstracted from "News Letter," July 1, 1932

(Not for Publication)

MEXICAN FRUIT FLY (Anastrcpha ludens Loew)

The operation of some 5,600 flytraps resulted in the taking of 5 adult
Mexican fruit flies on the American side of the Rio Grande during May. These
flies were taken in four groves, three of which'h'ac previously been reported
as infested. No infestation had booeen previously reported from the other
grove, which is located about 6- miles from the nearest -oreviously reported
infestation. Fermenting malt was used principally as the bait in thc traps.

In addition to the A. ludcns taken in the traps, 181 adult A. oallens
Coq. werc also taken. The population of pallens seems to have decreased con-
siderably since, with a considerably larger number of traps in operation,
the take of pallens showed a decrease of 536 adults from the number taken in
April. This fly seems to occur wherever the "La Coma" plant grows. Larvae
were taken during the month as far west as Zapata and as far north as Raymonds-
ville, Texas.

GIPSY MOTH (Porthetria dispar L.)

T-z first gipsy moth egg clusters were observed hatching this year on
May7 2. Hatching became general about May 9 and the maximum hatch occurred
about May 13. Thcse observations were made in several p1nlcos cast of the
barricr zone.

Up to and including May 28, there has booeen found by the Federal force in
the barrier-zone area of southwestern M!Aassachus'tts and northvcstern Connec-
ticut a total of 67 infested sites aggregating 885 new gipsy moth egg clusters.
The tons infested in this portion of Massachusetts arc New "arlboro, Otis,
Sandisfield, Sheffield, and Tyrinaham. In Connecticut, the, barrier-zone
towns infested are Canaan, Norfolk, North Canaan, Solisbury, and Jarren. The
farthest infested point in the barricr-zonec area this year, in relation to the
Ne; Yorf: State line, is apnroximatcly 15 miles east of it. Salisbury, Conn.,
borders on the New York State line.

GLADIOLUS iTHRIPS (TaoniothrioGs glardioli T:. & S.)

The flndiolus thrips, T. gladioli, has recently been found infesting
gladiolus corms in ,Tashington, D. C., and vicinity, according to a manmorandum
received from the Bureau of EntomoloJ. A brief survey by Bureau entomolo-
gists among 7 loc.l growers and dealers resulted in finding infested corms at
tv'ho shinjton ctoros from Vhich mnny lots had been purchased, and an infested
shi'oment had just booeen received n. a local grower.