The Insect pest survey bulletin


Material Information

The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]


Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:

Full Text


,- ) *./

Vol. 12 July 1, 1932 17o. 5


Over part of the Great Plains area where grasshoppers were destruc-
tive last year, wet weather has occasioned some disease among grasshoppers
and materially advanced crops and other vegetation to such an extent that
damage will undoubtedly be less severe than last year. In the northern
part of this area, however, the weather has been hot and dry and serious
damage is anticipated where control measures have not been possible.

The Mormon cricket appeared in outbreak numbers in southern Idaho.

The pale western cutworm is doing considerable damage in western North
Dakota and scattered localities throughout Montana.

Armyworm infestations are quite generally distributed over Iowa,
southeastern Nebraska, and eastern Kansas.

The Hessian fly and the chinch bug situations have not materially
changed since last month.

Sod webworms are reported as quite generally prevalent from the south-
ern Middle Atlantic States westward to Nebraska

The rose chafer is reported in destructive abundance throughout New
England, New York, Michigan, northern Indiana, and Nebraska.

There was no material increase in abundance of the more important
apple and peach insects.

A European leaf curling apple midge (Dasyneura mali Kieff.) is re-
corded from Massachusetts. This appears to be the first American record.

A cherry sawfly leaf miner (Profenusa collaris MacG.) is recorded
for the first time from the State of Michigan.

The vegetable weevil is recorded from 9 previously unrecorded counties
in Alabama and 1 county in Texas. This does not materially advance the
general distribution of this pest.



The larvae of a weevil (Phytonomus rumicis L.) was found in destructive
numbers on commercially grown sorrel in Connecticut. This European pest
was first recorded in this country in Iowa in 1917.

The Colorado potato beetle appears to be abnormally abundant over
the greater part of the Eastern States this year.

The Mexican bean beetle increased rapidly during the month and was
reported in destructive numbers throughout the greater part of its range.
This insect was found for the first time in Illinois this month.

The pea aphid is making decided inroads on the cannery pea crop in
Ohio, Michigan, and Wisconsin.

The pink boll worm has been discovered this spring in Florida at
Miami and extending south to Key West. The infested region is some 400
miles from comnTcrcial cotton plantings.

The European pine shoot moth is now in flight in New Enzlr.nd and is
appearing in increasingly destructive numbers in that region and in New
York State.

A Japanese weevil (Pseudocneorrhinnus setosus Roelofs) which was
first recorded in New Haven, Conn., in 1920, is this year proving to be
somewhat of a pest of privet and barberry.


The grasshopper situation is serious in the Prairie Privinces, par-
ticularly in southern and central Manitoba, where the worst outbreak in
mere than fifty years is reported over a wide territory. Wifdecsprend areas
are also affected in south and central Saskatchewan, but although the out-
break is severe it is lees intense than in Manitoba. The situation in
Alberta s much better than was anticipated, a general heavy downpour of
rain .-arly in May having caused a high mortality of the young npnphs. The
species involved throughout the affected territory are the lesser migra-
tory, two-striped,and clear-winged grasshoppers.

Over a lnrge part of Saskatchewan and Alberta, the -vale western cut-
worm is again in severe outbreak form, and is cousin., very serious crop
losses. The outbreak is considerLbl) more extensive than in 1931. The
army cutworm also has increased materially in the Prairie Provinces, out-
bre'tTs having occurred in rriny localities in southern Alberta and south-
western Saskatchewan, where important crop da re, usxu-lly mixed with p-ile
western cutworm damage, was effected. Army cutworm moths were present in
great n,.-,bers and have attracted much attention, not only in Alberta and
Saskatchewan, but also in southern M.nitoba, where the species is not a
*est. Another rpccies, the red-bncked cutw7orm;, is occurring over a wide
territory in the Prairie Provinces, but severe d.%mage has been done only
in localized areas, notably in M-nitoba.


Wireworrms caused severe damage to wheat in western Saskatchewan, and
to sugar beets, locally, in southern Alberta, this spring. Moisture con-
ditions were favourable to wireworms in the affected areas.

Moths of the beet webworm have been extremely abundant in Alberta,
Saskatchewar., and Manitoba, and very heavy and widespread outbreaks of the
larvae are indicated. Weeds such as lambs quarters and Russian thistle
are chiefly subject to attack, but the species is also a pest in gardens.

A large flight of June beetles (Phyllophaga anxia Lee.) occurred in
eastern Ontario, in late May and June, over an area of possibly 1,500
square miles. Heavy damage to crops by the resultant grubs is considered
probable in 1933.

Outbreaks of flea beetles, notably the potato flea beetle, are re-
ported from southern Ontario affecting potato, tobacco,and other plants.

Adults of the oriental fruit moth commenced emerging much later than
in 1931 in the Niagara district, Ontario. The first-brood infestation is
lighter than it has been in any spring since the species became of economic
importance as a peach pest in southern Ontario.

A serious outbreak of grape Icafhoppers developed in the Niagara
fruit district in Ontario.

The balsam bark louse, Dreyfusia piceae Ratz., continues to spread
slowly in southern New Brunswick and now extends up the St. John River
Valley a distance of a little more than 50 miles from the coast. This
insect occurs throughout Nova Scotia, where it is one of the most important
forest insect pests.

Heavy infestations of the western willow leaf beetle occurred over
wide areas in Saskatchewan and Alberta, resulting in severe defoliation of
poplar and willow in the affected territory.

In sections of southern Manitoba, several species of deciduous trees
have been completely or partially defoliated by the fall canker worm. The
outbreak of this insect in New Brunswick, which was moderate in 1931, has
intensified somewhat, and much defoliation of elm and basswood has occurred.

The larch case bearer continues in outbreak form over a large part of
eastern Canada and in many sections severely defoliated larch.

Ticks are reported as unusually abundant in wooded areas in parts of
Manitoba and Alberta, and sections of British Columbia. Several species
are involved. In addition to attacking wild and domestic livestock, cases
were reported, from Vancouver Island and coastal districts of British
Columbia, of ticks attaching themselves to humans.




Rhode Island


South Carolina


Ken t ucky




North Dk-ota

A. E. Stene (June 23): A report came in today from one of
the islands in the Bay stating that grassho-opers were eating

0. I. Snapp (June 16): Grasshoppers are more abundant than
usual around Fort Valley, damaging corn and other crops. It
has been necessary to use poisoned-bran bait in some cornfields.

A. Lutken (June 24): A farmer in Pickens County reported
millions of grasshoppers destroying cotton. Upon examination
about a dozen colonies of several hundred each were found.
Several hundred cotton plants had been destroyed. The grass-
hoppers were very small and the species was not determined.
reports of
J. J. Davis Y sRJ ierio/serious outbreaks have been re-
ceived, although / were reported abundant at Jasonville
June 14.

7. A. Price (June 25): Grasshopurers, mostly small nymphs,
arc moderately abundant in the bluegrass.

R. H. Pettit (June 22): Grasshoppers are very a.iun.2ant. The
species involved are Melanoplus mexicanus Sauss., Camnula p.l-
lucida Scudd., and '. femoratus Burm.

C. L. Flu-:e (June 24): Grasshonpers arc very abundant.

A. G. Ruggles (June 27): Grass'-ior'-,rs are very abundant; 46
counties being helped.

J. A. Munro (June 18): Grass-ho-r*:rs are a serious menace to
crops in many counties. The northeastern section of the State
is hardest hit. The insects are still win.less. There will
be tremendous loss of crops. (June 23): Fungus has caused
almost co-nlete destruction of 7rasshoopers in two sv-'ll areas
in Cass County-at Tower City, ond near F-ar'go. Yesterday near
Fargo what was an exceedingly heavy infestation of vour'rs
shoved nothing but the dead bodies of the insects clin,:ing
to the tops of weeds and small grains. Fully 95 per cent were
killed. The re-oort regardin' the other area stated tiat about
the same percentage had died. Poisoned bait had not been
snrc- at either place. Ap-narently all the hor-crs have com-
pleted hatching. About 5 per cent of the earliest 1htches have
become winged.

F. D. Butcher (June 13): More than 90 per cent of t'-e nymphs
of M. bivittatus Sy are out now and nearly as many of C.. "pel-
lucida, though they -.rr a bit later than the former. Have



Mi ssouri



found a few scattering pods of M. differc.ti lis Tins. -nd of
either M. femur-rubrum DoG. or M. mexicanus in which no hatch-
ing has occurred, but these species are scarce. (June 20):
Adult of C. pellucida and first adult of '. bivittatus.

C. J. Drake (June 22): The infestation is very heavy in
western Iowa. Although numerous and extremely heavy rains
have destroyed many young hoppers, the population in some
fields runs as high as 50 to 500 per square yard. In one small
field of oats in Pottawattamie County, A. D. 7orthington, DEx-
tension Entomologist, and the County Agent, estimated the popu-
lation to average around 2,000 per square yard. The first
adults of the 2-striped grasshop-cer were observed in barley
fields near Sioux City, Jrune 21. A few adults of '!. mexicanus
have been observed in Story, Harrison, and Pottawattamie Coun-
ties. M. differentialis is the most common and abundant spe-
cies, but hatching is not complete. The number of first-instar
nymphs of this s-oecies is increasing every day in the field.
Poisoned-bran mash is being scattered by many farmers in west-
ern and central Iowa. Several species of blister beetles are
just beginning to nocar in large numbers in Iowa.

L. Haseman (June 20): Grasshoppers are very abundant in
some districts but June rains are favoring crops.

M. H. Swenk (June 1 to 20): During the month the grasshop-oer
situation has developed principally along three lines: (1)
the continued hatching of eggs, (2) a great reduction in the
grasshopper population of the northern and northeastern heavily
infested counties by heavy rains and floods, and (3) an increase
in the grasshopper population in parts of western and especial-
ly southwestern iebraska. By June 1 eggs of the two-striped
grasshopper had largely hatched on the upland south slocpes,
but those on the north slopes, and those in the lower ground,
the latter chiefly of the differential grasshopper, were only
about 60 per cent hatched. Hatching has continued through June
to date, and at present probably not more than 10 to 15 cper cent
of the eggs of both species together, on the average, remain
unhatched. The largest number of unhatched eggs is to be found
in the western counties. Heavy beating rains during the nights
of May 24 and 25 over much of the heavily infested northeastern
area wore mentioned as destroying a part of the hatch of the
two-stri-oed grasshopper. Similar rains over this area on June
1, and on several dates subsequently, have reduced the grass-
ho-ooer population in this bi,3l y threatened district very.
materially, perhaps 50 per cent. But in parts of this area
still, and over a large section of western Nebraska where lit-
tle rain has fallen during May and June to date, grassho-opers
remain menacingly abundant locally and threaten serious crop
dam nge.

H. R. Bryson (June 24): Apparently grasshoppers are more
numerous in the vicinity of MTan2attan this season than last



MissizsipT i






Ut h

Cana da

season. Judging from the number of req.,ests for information re-
garding the formula for, mixing the poisoned bran mash, grasshom-
pers are quite numerous in a number of localities. Reports from
Hepler, Maoleton, Byers, Silver Lake, and Oneida indicate that
grasshoppers are a menace inr. those localities.

J. M. Robinson (June 20): Grasshowrers are very abundant in

C. Ly!e (June 23): M.ore than the usual number of complaints
have bec-n received recently. Specimecns did not accompany
these complaints. Cotton, soy beans, flower gardens, etc.,
were rep-orted attacked.
C. 'Takeland (June 24): Grasshoppers -re quite numerous in
B-'6.arm and Cassia Counties and are being fought by the use of
poisoned bran mash. They are also reported from more Coun-
t, as becoming numerous enough to warrant poisoning operations.

G. G. Schweis (June 21): Grasshoppers are very abundant in
western cevada. Vigorous control program is in progress.

C. F. Stiles (Juno 21): Grasshoppers are very numerous along
creek banks, fence rows, and in pasture lands in practically
all of southwestern nnd south-central Oklahoma. A number of
species arc present, but c'rhaps the most numerous are ML.femur-
rubr'-.n, nd M. differentinlis.

Agric. News Service, University of ItTovada, gric. D:t. Div.
(June 13): Large kills of grasshoppers have been reportLc5. by
farmers in various Darts of Lyon County.

A. G. Stephens (June 24): Grasshoopcrs are moderately abun-
dant in northeastern and central Vyoming.

G. F. K.iovlton (June 10): Grasshop'pers arc bccomi-i- very abun-
dant and seriously darmgina in the Ouray VIley, and are causing
:.7"e d'.i-a e in the Becrectt, .Tilson, ind south Ashlcy Valley sec-
tions of the Uintah Basin. The grassho-nper situation continues
to become more serious in parts of Millard County. (June 20):
Reports just received indicate that :rnss-'-.Dners are bcorming
dangerously abundant in parts of Salt Lakc Coumty, and at Kanarr-
ville, in Iron County. They are also abundant in parts of S&n-
-notc, Sevicr, Millord, and Toocle Counties.

E. 0. -'" si; (June 8, 10): Abundant in url-nd mca.d-ws in the
Sierra foothills ne-ar BElirado.

Daily Digest, Press Service, Office of Information, U.S.D.A.,
(Juno 24): A Tinni-cg disratch today states that a swarm of grass-
hoppers so thick that they delayed a passenger train was reported
from southwestern *-a-itoba yesterday.

Cal i fo rnia



North Dakota

MORMON CRICKET (Anabrus simrolex Hald.)

C. Wakeland (June 24): Crickets were first discovered this
year when they were found making their way to agricultural land
on irrigation water out of the Fort Hall Canal. Traced to their
source it was found that they were migrating from range land on
the east side of the canal in very large numbers. Steps were
immediately taken by the residents of that section and canal
barriers erected and trenches dug. For three weeks volunteers
turned out in large numbers constructing hand-dug trenches, es-
timated to be at least 40 miles in length. On the bottoms
of these trenches pits were dug for trapping the crickets. As
long as soil was moist trenches proved to be almost entirely
effective but when the soil surface dried in some of the soil
types they could crawl up the sides freely and esca-oce. In the
fight that has been waged there have been literally hundreds
of thousands, possibly millions, of crickets killed, yet there
are countless hordes remaining. No great damr:e has been done
to cultivated crops, primarily, I believe, because of the cool,
moist weathc-r conditions and the abundance of succulent vege-
tation on their native rnnge. The first adults were found on
June 14. We have found, large bands of crickets in Bingham
County on the Indian Reservation, in Bonneville County in the
dry-farming area, and in Fremont County. Tw.o more outbreaks
were reported in Elmore and Ada Counties.

FIELD CRICKET (Gryllus assimilis Fab.)

J. A. Munro (June 18): Newly hatched nymphs of the common
black field cricket were noticed at Fargo during the first
week of June. Their abundance at this time indicates that they
will -orove a troublesome vest this season.

CUTWORMS (Noctuidae)


North Dakota

E. L. Chambers and assistants (June): Cutworms were reported
as seriously damaging a wide variety of cro-os early in June.
The main center of infestation was in a band extending from
Marinette and Door Counties souathwestward to Crawford County,
with another area across the northwestern part of the State.

J. A. Munro (, y3l): Just had a telephone call from the
County Extension Agent at Williston stating that cutworms had
completely destroyed a 70-acre field of wheat near Williston,
Williams County. From his descri-otion I judged that they were
the pale western cutwonrm.(Porosagrotis orthogonia Morr.). The
County Extension Agent at McXenzie County also reports the
prevalence of this species. (June 18): Many reports of seri-
ous injury by the pale western cutworm have been received from
Mountrail, Williams, McKenzic, and other western counties. Few
reports of cutworm injury have been received from the eastern
part of the State.

-19 6-

South Dakota







H. C. Severin (Juxie 13>: Cutworm damage has been more severe
than usual in South Dakota this spring. Damage is letting up
some at present writing.

C. J. Drake (June 22): The variegated cutworm (Lycociotia
margaritosa Haw.) is extremely abundant in alfalfa fields and
doing a considerable amount of damage throughout a large por-
tion of Iowa.

H. R. Br-son (May 27): Report from Great Bend states that
the larvae of omio-ohilk noctuella D. & S. destroyed the new
growth of grass on 4 or 5 acres of native prairie sod.

M. H. Swenk (June 1 to 20): Along with the armyworm Cirohis
uni-ouncta Hav.. in the alfalfa fields, during the second week
in June, were considerable numbers of the variegated cut7orm
(L. margaritosa saucia ITbn.) in Lancaster, Johnson, and Pawnee
Counties, but apparently not extensively elsev'here in the
State. In some fields the second cutting of hay was eaten
back quite severely in these three counties.

G. M. Bentley (June 22): Black cutworms (A7retj --
Rott.)are moderately abundant.

A. L. Strand (June 21): The palevestern cutvworm, P. ortho-
gonia, occurred in outbreak numbers in scattered localities
throughout the State. In Valley County approximately 16,000
acres of griAn, mostly wheat, was destroyed.

CALIFOR"IA TORTOISE SHEIL (Aglais californica B3-v.)

2. 0. Sssig (Juno 13): The cater'illnrs have defoliated
several hundred acres of Ceanothus, which is a good cattle
feed, in the Sierras, chiefly at fro- 3,000 to 6,000 feet al-
titude, although the butterflies are now, found plentiful and
some caterpillars are evident as hiih as 8,000 feet. The butter-
flies occur in thousands in some areas along the American

'7IT-LIl' STHI"X (Sphinx lineata Fab.)

West Vir-i nio

Cal i fo rni a

L. M. Peairs (Juno 25) a. line-t-i has been abundant in
Morgantov'n, and has been so as far west as 'heclin,, since
about the first of, Juno.

F. H. 7ymore (June 22): The adults have been vc-r, common
near Davis since about April 20 to the present time. Onc
full-gro. cat-r:rillox was taken at It-. rJl Beach, Lrce Coun-
ty, on June 6 ond four were received from Del Loma on Juno 12.


WHITE GRUBS (Phyllophaga spp.)




W7i sconsin

Nobras' ',.


C. R. Willey (June 25): Thite grubs arc very abundant near
Richmond, Henrico County, and in adjoining counties; heavy in-
festations in Loudoun County.

7. P. Flint (June 15): Very heavy June beetle flight re-
ported from McHenry and Carroll Counties continued into June.
Defoliation of oak trees practically complete in areas af-

R. Hutson (June 11): June beetles are very numerous in Bat-
tle Creek, Clinton, Howell, KX!lamazoo, Monroe, Saginaw, and
Sault Ste. Marie.

E. L. Chambers and assistants (June): Severe defoliation by
adults and rtthcr large infestations of larvae were reported
from 11 counties in the southern and western -oarts of the State.

C. L. Fluke (June 24): Thite grubs are very abundaant. Adults
are very numerous in southwestern 7isconsin; they are now lay-
ing eggs.

C. J. Drake (June 22): June beetles, Brood A, are appearing
in large nuinbers in eastern and southern iowa:, and in many in-
stances trees are being defoliated. At Hampton a number of
trees were dusted by means of en airplane. A nursery man liv-
ing near the grove reports that many beetles have been killed.
During the past few years white grubs have caused heavy losses
in western and southern Iowa, particularly in Decatur and
Wayne Counties. Brood B destroyed :-,-'out 75 per cent of an
oat field near Marshalltol'n. The grubs stopped feeding and
migrated down deeper into the ground to form pupal cells about
three weeks earlier than Brood A did last spring.

:1. H. Swenk (June 1 to 20): White grubs are moderately abun-
dant and injurious in strawberry beds during the period here
covered, in an area from Douglas and Cass Counties west to
Hamilton County.

A 'WIRFO1M (Heteroderes laurentii Guer.)

K. L. Cockerham (June 15): Reports by farmers and produce
men of Bay Minette indicate that February and 7tarch planted
corn and s-ring-planted sna-o beans were very seriously damaged.
The species causing this damage wasn't nown, but it is pre-
sumed that it is H. lmre.ntili since that seems to be the pre-
dominating species of that section. On the above
date young larvae of this species were ozser7ed feeding on
late-planted corn at Foley. The larvae were so small, however,
that they will likely not affect the stand or do any consider-
able damage. Measurements of larvae collected indicated that



17ev: Jersey

they ;'ere 3 to 4 vw-eo-s old. The presence of thee lar.e indi-
cates that c-laying in the field has'occ.rrc:! early this sea-
son, althouCh v.e have n't yet obtained. eg.s from isolated fe-
moles in the lrborptory.

H. R. Bryson (June 24): '7ireworms Aeolus amabilis Lee., (Dra-
sterius cle-Pns) reported injuring: nearly planted corn ant sor-
cure s at Iare6ra.
JAPAI-ESE BEY-qL' (Po-oillia j.ajonica "Tew.)

C. H. Hadley and assistants, U. S. D. A. Japanese Beetle Lab.
(April): Population surveys during the -nonth of April indi-
cate a mierked increase in nearly all of the older infested
area in southeastern Pennsylvania, as also locally in the
correspon'*ne section of '"' Jersey. Most localities in the
latter State, however, show a decrease as regards infestations
of more than a few years duration.

ROS: C:-_.FR (O'ocrodactylus subs oino s--u ib.)


i.e&v .a. h-,', sire


Phod e Island

Massachuset t s

eW York

C. R. Phipps (June 25): This insect was noted in nurm-
bers in Cumberland County feedin upon apples, raspberry foliage,
eeLn upon apples, ras-6berry foliage,
and rose bushes on June 21. Light seniy soil provided ideal
breeain-K ground.

J. G. Cori.lir (June 23): The rose chafer is present in -.very
great numbers through the State. Several poultrymen have re-
ported loss of young chicks because of this pest.

C. H. Chap-ann (June 15): Eigit or ten -?.ople have sho;n. me
very serious daT..r being done by chafers on a '.ide number
of pl..-rts and shrubs in ]rib ..rr.

A. E. Stene (June 233): Rosc bugs are unusually prevalent in
some places. ven greenhouse men have i' trouble from, rose
bu:'s defoliating, geraniums.

A. I. Bourne (June 24): Bosoe chafers .a'e been tore ab L. dant
throughout the State than for many years. In addition to t'.eir
injury to foli,c there have been -rnm.y instances vwhero the
beetle has ru -i deeo-' scars into the yo -n.': developing ; fruit
of both anplc and -.:ac.

P. M. ,rvtman (June 25): Reports of injir:, arc continually
bein- brought to our attention. Letters and onocieons are re-
ceived nearly evc.;" day fro- ncrsons living; in an area fro-.
the Canadian line to .... Yor' Cit:'.

:', Yorlk State Coll. of AYr., ct-&l:' :".-cws Letter (June):
About the middic of the month the rose cha-nfer became exccsivo-
I' nnero is t.rou :out thc State and w-I- re-Oortcd in wnr .1rcce-

dented numbers, in Ulster and. Duchess Countioes.



lNeb raska



lcb raska

R. .H. Pettit (June '17),: R ose chafers .re just a-oearing. They
are ina"1nrge numbers and are doin-',great damage.

SJ. J. Davis (June 27): The rose beetle has been very abun-
dant in the northern oart of the .State -damaging all ]kinds of
garden plants; and they were responsible for killing many chick-
ens and younj duxks.c.

M. H. Swenk (June 20): Hundreds of young chickens were re-
ported.killed-by eating rose chafer beetles in Lincoln County
during the first week in June.



HESSIAIT FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)

T. H. Parks (June): In southern and central counties the in-
festation has increased over last year. Not much damage has
been done, to the wheat as the infested straws are not broken
over though some fields average between 30 and 40 per cent of
the straws infested. The annual wheat insect survey is now in

SJ. J. Davis (June 27): Hessian fly is quite general over
the Btate with some sections, notably the southwest corner,
with very heavy infestation's. Early in June frequent reports
were received from central Indiana of noticeable fallen vheat.

J. H. Bigger (June 17): The Hessian fly is very abundant
over western Illinois. MAvny fields of wheat are not worth
cutting because of damage. It is easy to sec f-llen straws
while driving by the fields. Some fields are already plowed
S. C. Chandler (June): Infestation in most fields examined
in.southern Illinois is heavy.

M. H. Sven!c (June 1).: :The Hessian fly is very abundant in
a large area in southeastern Nebraska. The infestation has
eXpe.nded somewhat and greatly intensified during the past
six wrecks. There are tV'o distinct areas of serious infesta-

(Abstract, J.A.H.)

Mi s souri


tion--an eastern area and a western area. Altogether 20 rcbras-
ka counties arc involved, either .'-.olly or in part .in the areas
of serious infestation. (June 20): The only nevw development
in the infestation since my report ofJ'. lis that the western
area of infr zt-tion has been found to extend from- north'..:estern
Buffalo County into eastern Ty'-v son County and south. western
Custer County. The infestation is ligh.t ovor this arc.--, a t:mpi..-
Cal field near Callaway, Custer County, showing only 27 tor cent
of the stems infested with an averaLe of slightly less than 1
puparium per stem.

L. Haseman (June 20): Hessian fly surveys show he-ry.- infesta-
tion and much lodging of wheat.

7HEA\T STRA7 UTORM (Ha-molita grandis Riley)



South Carolina

I owa

Mi s so uri


Ka.n sas

Ok1h ahoma

G. F. Knov'wlton (June 15): Some winced adults have now matured
in northern Utah. Infestations have ranged. from 0 to 30 ner cent,
with most samples showing less than 10 per cent.

CHIUCH BUG (Blissus leuconterus Say)

'J. ". B;itton (June 23): `Occasionally there are c--laints
4ff-4ead--bro4- patches in lawn'-s at Hartford whtere there are a
great many individuals.

A. Lutken (June 24): Chinch bugs moving out of grain fields
have caused severe damage to small cornfields in localized

C. J. Dra'ke (June 22): The chinch bug is extremely abundant
in Lee and Des Moines Counties. In a few instances tle. buis
have started to migrate from small -rain into :rnflolds.

L. Haseman (June 22): In central Missouri migration from
wheat to corn began June 9 and in most fields the migration
is now about over. Bugs are less abundant than exp-oected.

M. H. Swern' (June 20): Chinch b--.;s are mnder-tely abiundant.

H. R. Bryson (June 24): Chinch bugs are very abundant in
south-central Kansas. They are causing considerable injury to
rowed crops in south-central and southeastern Kansas. Injury
has been reported from Cambridge. The potulVtion at ManhYttan
is much greater than at any time since 1927. They moved from
plots of thin wheat at the coll.Te a;To.vOmy farm in sufficient
numbers to cause considerable injury to o.djoinin- corn plots.

C. F. Stile (June 21): Chinch bu,?s are quite numerous in
central and nqrth,--rn' 0klOh,? pnl doin.-" considerable dinramae to
corn and :r-Iin sor.'h.n.



R. B. Deen (June 21):. A heavy infestation of chinch bugs in
a 10-acre field of corn at.'Greenwood on June 20. Severe damage
was noticed.

BLACK ESTIIT BUG (Cosmnnenla bim-culata. Thorn.)


1. A. Price (June 25): C. bimaculata was seen by the thou-
sands marching: from barley, fields in 'Rayette. County.

MYO* (Cirohis unincta Haw. T
ABTY,707"L (Cirphis uninouncta Hawr.)




South Carolina

C, irps (June 25):, Moths are being taken in much greater
numbers than during the past two summers.

C. J. Drake (June 13): 'Jestern Iowa is ho-,vily infested.
These pests are doing considerable damage in a number of
fields of small grain. The infestation seems to extend from
Mills County to north of Sioux City, spreading eastward. In-
festation is pretty general over western Iowa. (June 22):
Thousands of acres of rye, whe-t, barley, and oats have been
totally destroyed. In a 900-acre field -of wheat in Harrison
County the farmer scattered poisoned bran, mash by means of
an airplane. In a number of instances arrnwerms have migrated
from small grain to adjoining, fields of corn. In Joodbury
County the county agent estin;.ted that the worms destroyed a
field or two of small grain on 500 different farms. The worms
are just beginning to appear in the central portion of the
State. Along the Missouri Biver most of the worms have pu-
pated. '

M. H. Swenk (June 20):', As a result of the unusual abundance
of moths flying in southeastern Nebrask:a during the third
and fourth weeks in May.,* there was a severe outbreak of this
pest that started June 7 and is now largely, but not complete-
ly, over. According to our data, the i.ost severe trouble Was
experienced in the southeastern -oart of the State, with out-
breaks--also in Dnkota, Boone, and G-reeley Counties.

H. R. Bryson (June 24): The true army.,orm has been causing
injury to wheat .t 'Manhattan, IIjury consisted in defoliation
and cutting the beards. Simrnilr injury was reported from

C01T tR .'0 M (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)

A. Lutken (Jur e 24): The corn e>.r woxm is, in general, very
abundant, At Calhoun Falls Ju-, the first larvae moved out
of a field of cximzon clover and. destroyed about 14 acres of
young cotton. A similar outbreak was reported from York; and






Mi ssi ssipoi



: ryl and d

Jest Virginia

at Jalhalla some damage occurred when larvae left the vetch
cover crop in an apple orchard and destroyed some of the small
a-prl es.

0. I. Sna-op (June 8): The corn ear rvorm is causing much dam-
age to tomatoes in gardens in Fort Valley.

C. H. Alden (June 21): This insect is very,, abundant at Cor-

J. R. T.atson (June 24): Very abundant over the St-te in -orac-
tically every ear as usual.

T. H. Parks (June 18): A moth ras caught at a trap light
exposed at a height of 450 feet on the ton of a building in

7. A. Price (June 25): The corn ear worm is moderately abun-
dant on tomatoes.

C. Lyle and assistants (Juno): This insect reported as
quite generally abundant throughout the State. In one case
at Corinth 90 per cent of the vetch seed *".. destroyed in
one patch. The insect is also re-.orted as attacking its usual
food plants in other parts of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

R. 33. Campbell (May 28): S. eet corn in tassel in southern
Los Angeles County is quite generally infested. Worms of all
sizes are feeding in the tassel.

F. H. 'v/m-nre (June 22): EgT:s were observed for the first
time this season at Davis on June 13 by 0. H. Lovell.

SOD ".:-B-'70 -,IS (Cr-'. i spp. )

H. L. Bailey (June 25): C. luteolcIlus Clem. v.'as abiL- 1int
in some cornfields near Mont-oelicr, cutting off and mutilation[
younl: corn -olants.

E. N. Corr a1nd staff (June 23): Reports from western Mary-
land, Baltimore County, and Eastcrn Shore, of sod webvmorms
attacking corn.

L. M. Peairs (Hay 24): Sod webwnrms h-a'.e been re-orted from
the Northern Ponhandle, 7heelin-, Sisterville, -nd other lo-
calities as injurious to corn. (May 26): Additional reports
of the insect 1havc been c.l'...: in to such an extent that wv.
m say v.e have the v.orst infestation on record in nortlcrn
West Virgini-. (June 14): I continue to receive information
of the abundance of vcebv. rms in sod land, on strn'vberries, and
even attacking' tobacco.

"" ... '" .-203- ,

North Carolina C. H. Brannon (Juno 20): Sod. webvorm damage ti corn is ro-
Sportedvidesproad in the mountain. *

Ohio T. H. Parks (Juno 3): Sod v.ebv:or-is have been quite destruct-
ive'thn.'ast, *.v;mo '-i to youn=: sv:ect and field corn in south-
eastern Ohio. It was necessary tn replant in a fev. cases.
Les thiin the 6asl iPjxiry-: 6 _p sent .Xn.othcr parts of the
Stat6 i z .* ... .

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 27): 7ebworms reported dnmajing golf
at Frakin and.fteencastlo Jtne: .lo'.and 17 raspectivoe7y.

Xentucl- A7. A. Price (1Way 26)0V Sod ''ebrorms hove caused considerable
"" da~~agc t* corn Farctte ai d Bourbon Counties.

Nebraska M. HR; 'nec (Apii1 20 to Junb I): In Antelope County during
S' the thiird" fedk in May a field of corn was being badly injured.







LESSt CQRI STA:LK BO.R (-as-o-nalnus lignosellus Zell.)

0. I. Snanp' (!.ay 28):::Th'e:lesser corn stall borer is un-
usually abundant. A cro'.:"f sweet corn at 'Tashington has
been ruincd. "

B3ET ..UYT70Ri', (Lanhygmra exigua Hbn.)

: R.- B.-,C.Opbell -( 28)E:'-Loervae are attacking young corn
up to the time it isa Lfoot hih- in Los Angeles County. Ac-
*tual da.-e is slight, tas thccorn outgrows it.

SUGARCMT'3 BETL2 (,uetheola rugice-s Lee.)

H. G. walker (June 27): Tnat anpen's to be the roujh-headed
corn'-stalk'beetle"haa be'n reinortud as being very injurious to
co'r?--i!' the Nevr.,ort .Kevwts area.

G..: -T French (.a,7 .2':" :'Scci-iens curiously dobris; O. wore
ollectced nt Poh3. :-ter, Louisa County.

S. C. Chandler (June): hnis beetle has danaged 15 to 20 per
cent of the hills in some cornfields in Jackson, .',illianson,
and" Sline-Counties. "eetles are disam-earing from fields.

S A. 'Pi0ce' (Juno-25) : The su-,rcane beetle was received
fro L xi.Agton, ussellville, and Cane -Valley. T'he adults
were feeding on young corn rplnts.

?,l..-3ntley-(June 22): Sugarcano beetles, n.o moderately
abundnvt .in. eor mthrQhouout-.the State.





North Dakota






J. M. Robinson (June 2p): The suarcane beetle is very abun-
dant on corn in Auburn,' on cane in Vincent and Trafford, and
on corn in Mont -oxnery, Ashland, and Heflin.

C. Lyle (June 23): Young corn plants injured were received
from Gloster on ,Ma 29 and from Michigan City on June 22.

CO.2FT BI3ILUGS (Calendra spp. )

H. L. Bail'; (June i5)' B!!bugs 'were found unusually abun-
dant in a lare cor-!field at Y'-rth H1rtland, June 2. The
corn plants were talyr damaged. Also reported from Chester,

J. A. Munro (June 18): ..On June'8 a specimen of the clay-
colored billbug (C. aecilis Gyll.) was received from Lidger-
wood. In the letter accompanymZ-ti the specimen was the state-
ment, "I' found this insect .with a-half Nelson on a chick's
beak. It had him grogrgy.....l" On June 14 a specimen was
received from Cooperstown, with a letter stating that the
beetle was clamped on a chick's beak and would have strangled
the chick if the beetle had not ''en removed. These are the
First reports of injury "to chicks received by this office
since the sum-ier of 1926. (June 20): I just received a letter
from NeW Salem, accorfpanied by several specimens of the clay-
colored billbug. "These iiisects were found attached to the
throat of some chickens. I understand that some farmers lost
a few chickens. You can hardly pull them loose after they are
attached." .. ""H"

M. H. Swcnk (April 20 to June 1): A Richardson County farmer
reported during the third week in May that for the second suc-
cessive year corn billbugs (C. parvulus Gyll. and C. melano-
cephalus Fab.) had injured his field of ouno corn.

GRAPE COLASPIS (Colaspis brunnea Fab.)

J. J. Davis (June 27): The clover white grub (C. brannea)
destroyed half of a 30-acrc field of corn near Williamsport.

S' * COPI FLUA BEETLE (Chaeeocne.-a pulicaria Mielsh.)

E. N. Cory (June 23): C. pulicaria is v-e' abundant on corn
in western Maryland.

W. A. Price (''a." 25): FLea beetles were rcportr-' on corn at
Paris, Lexington, and Winchester. (June 25): Flea beetles
have been ab'.i.-;Lnt on c'orn- at Lexington, Owin;sville, a;d
Louisville. They continue to be prevalent on tobacco over the
State generally .

A FLT.A BE-TLZ (5-st..n-i taeniata Sr,)

T. H. Parks (Juno 22): A field of corn near Grove City,
Franklin County, was destroyc" by S. bl. i this month. Other spe



cies of flea beetles were bad on corn during May but most of
the fields rapidly outgrew the injury.

J. J. Davis (June 27): The pale stri-ned flea beetle (S. tae-
niata blanda Melsh.) was re-norted ds--t;i::,; tomato at Kokomo
June 13 and to crops not reported at Albion June 21.

SEED CORN BEmTL: (gonoderus pallines Fab.)

M. H. Swenc (April 20 to June 1): Cornfields around Stock-
ville were reported heavily infested with seedcorn beetles,
which abounded in the loose soil and destroyed the young plants.

CORN ROOT APHID (A-purar'his maidi-radicis Forbes)








C. R. Willey (June 25): Much dam-nage was re-norted in at least
90 per cent of a cornfield growing along the James River.

J. J. Davis (June 27): The corn root a,)hid is abundant and
destructive to sweet corn at Mt. Vernnn.

J. H. Bigger (June 17): The corn root arhid is much -nore
numerous than nor-ally. In examining 4,400 hills of corn on
experimental fields 406 were found infested with aphids.


ALFALFA 'JEEVIL (ByMera postica Gyll.)

C. -a'7eland (Junie 24): vlflff. weevil is very abundant in
the alfalfa fields of the Upper Sn^.ke PRivcr Valley, and injury
is likely to be the most severe that wo have ex-crienccd
since 1923 or 1924.

G. G. Schvweis (June 21): Dana,;e was severe in some valleys
in western Tevadn 1hile in other localities the veevils were
re"'a rkh ly few.

G. F.
in many

Knowlton (June 20): Doi:n. da, A-.;e in the Uintah Bosin
The county ag-ent reports serious alfalfa weevil damage
arts of Sevier County.

H. H. Larri-er (June 3): On Ma.y 12 R. A. Blanchard 'fond a
single specimen in San Joaquin Valley near Tracy. Subsequent
scouting revealed a general infestation o'f -rob1ablv several
years and extending, through several counties.

A. 2. Michelbac'ier (June 20): Ne".r Pleasa-iton the w "evil
can be found in -odcr ate abundAnce in certain fields. Scarce
at Niles.



LESSER CLOVER L'._F 37SVIL (Phytor.-nus nigriristris Fab.)

J. H. Bigger (June 17): Co-ants in western. Illi.'is, May 25
to 28, indicate from 7 to 8 per cent loss of the first hay
cr-n and 25 rer cent less of the first seed crop.

'..'- D FLA. BEETLZ (Systena h-uis-"nias Forst.)


C. R. Willey (June I): "We had 5 acres of Korean Lcspedeza--
a lovely stand---..v nearly 2 acres are ;ne." This is the
first time we hnvc had a co-nmnlaint of an insect dani. ;

PA\ APHID (Illinoia -isi Kalt.)

Ken tucky

IT-)rth Dakota




IT) raska'

7. A. Price (May 23): Aphids arc so n-ircrous on alfalfa at
Lexington thit one s shoes bccom.e spotted rith honeydew.

J. A.. Munro (June 18): Large fields of sweet clover in Cass
County hfve been prractically ruined by the 'en '.-"id this' sci-
won., 7his is the first time that aphid injury to svect clover
in North Dakota has been noticed. Far-'cr.; are plowi .; under
the infested fields. Recent re-orts indicate that the infesta-
tion is more widely distributed. I had a report that a lar-e
number of fields in Traill County are badly damrjcd by the pest.

C. J. Drake (June 22): Extremely abundant throughout the
State, especially in alfalfa fields. In the s"ll '-."-growing
district it has been doing considerable In-ire.

L. P. Roclk'ood (June 4): A-hids decreased slowly in May. The
reduction was dac prienci:lly to the vork of syr-i.'-id Icrvae.
A-phids wv.ere fro-m 20 to 25 -rer cen.t plates May 23. A-.Aids in-
creased after May 15 on these crops much more rm-idly on the
peas than on the vetch. Vetch and -c-.s are nv" too far -:long
to be a-nrociably injured.


r_-iPS (T smanopttra)

L. HTsec-nan (J'xec 20): 7 c so-called, o.t bur, nr oat thrips
(A1i.'n-hothri-s obscars u ull.) has beoon very abundant in the air
in central Miss'uri for the prast v'cwk, June 16-23.

M. H. Sv. ok (JnZo 1 to 20): In Dou-las County blu-' rass ;r1.7'n
for seed v.' s he-vily ani injuriously infcsted I ith r.'r.-hal thrin
of the species A. obsc'arus and Thri-s tabaci Li'd. d.-rinc; the
second vieek_ in Junc.




CODLING MOTH (Carpocaosa komonella L.)


New York








L. A. Stearns (June 23): Energence of spring-brood moths
ended June 14; 90 per cent had emerged between .May 14 and 28;
first brood injury to date 50 per cent lighter than in 1931.

N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): The first
moth was observed in the Hudson River Valley during the last
week in May. The first eggs were observed in the- field on June
3; and by June 13 eggs were present in considerable numbers in
we-stern New York. Young larvae were observed entering fruit
on June 17 in the western part of the State and on June 11 in
the lower Hudson River Valley. (Abstract, J.A.E. )

C. R. Willey (June 25): Moths are very abundant at Richmond,
Henrico County, and in adjoining counties.

C. H. Alden (June 21): The codling moth is moderately
abundant at Cornelia. First-brood worms are now entering fruit.

T. H. Parks (June 26): In central and northern counties the
emergence of the overwintering brood was heaviest during the
first week of June but has-been long drawn out and is still
continuing. At Ironton, southern Ohio, larvae were leaving
the apples June 13 and spinning under the bands.

W. P. Flint (June 15): First pupation of the first brood
.was observed in Jackson County on June 8.

J. H. Bigger (June 17): Very abundant at Jac-sonville. Heavy
emergence May 20 to 25 from hibernation cages.

S. C. Chandler (June): The infestation in southern Illinois
is greater than at this stage last year.

L. H. Shropshire (June 23): In Cook County the height of
emergence from ca.-es occurred June 6, 7, and 8.

W. A. Price (June 25): Trap records and pupae in bands indicate
that second-brood moths will be on the winiz about June 25 or 27.

R. Hutson (June II): First-brood moth emepr' te is at its
peak as determined by bait pans in Fennville.

C. L. Flue .(Juuq ,24): OoClin- moth is more abundant than usual.
Egs began iatc'7in: May- 30,,4

- 20"8-

Mi ssouri





New Hampshire



Connect i cut

New York

L. Hascman (Juno 20): The _ra01. of first-brood moths and larvae
occurred during late May, and the first days of June somewhat
irregularly. Pupation is beginning at Columbia.

M. H. Swenk (April 20 to June 1): The first pupation of over-
wintering larvae occurred on April 15, with some pupation nearly
every day since. The peak of pupation was reached on '.ay 6. On
June 1 a total of 445 out of 700 larvae have pupated. The first
adult moth was caught in our bait traps on May 6. From that
night to May 25 moths have been caught in the bait traps every
night except six. The largest catch to date in our six bait
traps occurred on the night of May 20, when 79 were ca::.-ht.
The first emergence of adult moths from 700 overwintering larvae
in the insectar, occurred on May 12. There has been some emer-
gence each day since, except during the cool period on May 16
and 17. The peak of emergence in the insectary to date was on
May 24. Egg laying started on May 18, since that date has
steadily increased, and up to date 2,026 eggs have been laid.

E. J. Newcomer (June 22): Much cool weather in Washington
during the last month has prevented codling moths from depositing
as many eggs as during the same period in 1931. Up to June 18,
2,225 were captured in 5 baits, as compared with 2,740 moths
during the same period, in 1931 in 5 baits.

D. C. Mote (June 24): The first codling moth larvae seen in
apple in the Willamette Valley June 15, a month later than last

EASTERNT TT CATEPILLAR (Malacosoma americana Fab.)

J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 17): In Maine, heavy infestations
were noted north as far as Augusta, but farther north the infes-
tations seemed to be lighter and more scattered.

J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 17): In the southern part of !Tew
Hampshire heavy infestations have been reported.

H. L. Bailey (June 25): The eastern tent caterpillar's feeding
season has been prolonged to the middle of June.

A. I. Bourne (June 24): The tent caterpillar was comparatively
scarce in western Massachusetts, while in the eastern and south-
eastern half of the State it was again very abundant.

W. E. Britton (June 24): The eastern tent caterpillar is
scarce, but shows an increase over 1931.

R. D. (lai.ow (June 14): The orchard tent caterpillar appears
to be more abundant on Lon,- Island and throughout the Hudson
Vally this year than it has been at an:: time during t.e past
3 years.

- -209-





New York

New York

J. N. Knull (Junei'I):7 Several pin oaks in the vicinity of
Gettysburg, Adams County, were entirely defoliated.

E. N. Cory (June 22): astern tent caterpillars are very

C. R. Willey (June 25): The eastern tent caterpillar is very
abundant on wild cherry and othlier hosts.

FRUIT TREE LE ROLLY (Cacoecia argyrospila Wal:.)

P. Garman (June 23): The fruit tree leaf roller is becoming
abundant in the 'l;linlford district and doing considerable
damage in at least one large commercial orchard.

N. Y. State Coll. Agr., News Letter (June): The leaf
roller was reported as more numerous than during the last few
years in Chautauqua, Ulster, Green, Orleans, Wayne, and
Dutchess Counties.

GRET FRUIT WORM (Graptolitha antennata Walk.)

N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): The green
fruit worm is about as abundant as it was in 1930 in the Hudson
River Valley and is doing more damage than usual in the Lake
fruit belt. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

APHIDS (Aphiidae)



New York



P. Garman (June 23): The rosy apple aphid (Anuraphis roseus
Baker) developed mainly in June and is very abundant in several..
large orchards in the county.

A. I. Bourne (June 24): Aphids which during the early spring
proved to be abundant very generally throughout the State h-.aJ
practically all disappeared by early June. They appeared to be
for the most part the grain aphid (Rhopalosip -m prunifoliae
Fitch) which- migrated from the orchards in the early part of June.

N. Y. State-Coll. Agr., Wee-lv News Letter (June): Fruit aphids
as a group are decidedly below normal in abundance this year.
During the latter half of the ronth they appeared to be in-
creasin; in the western part of the State, particularly the
rosy apple aphid. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

J. J. Davis (June 27): The rosy apple aphid was reported
abundant on apple early in June at Acto:x, Bedford, and Elwood.

S. C. Chandler (June): A quite general infestation of rosy
aphid occurred in southern Illinois orchards. It is now being
checked by parasites and predators.

-21 C0-

Mich-i ',n





New York

Michi -can


Massa hu setts

New York

R. H. Pettit (June 22):. Fruit aphids are very abuxidant.

L. Haceman (June 20): Roth the rosy aphid aid, the woolly
aphid (Eriosoma laniTer. 179'sL. ) have shown up in abundance
in central and southern Missouri.

E. J. Newcomer (June 22): The rosy apple aphid is more
numerous in the Yal:ima Valley than for man- years.

LEAFHOPPLRS (Cicadellidae)

C. R. Phipps (June 25): Apple leafhoppers are very abr.ndant.

P. Carman (June 23): Apple leafhoppers (Typhlocyba pomaria
McAtee) are less abundant in New Haven County, althou7,h several
severely infested orchards are nmown in both Hartford and eowv
Haven Counties.

N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Wee'cly Nevws Letter (June): T. nomaria
was quite generally prevalent early in the month throughout the
Hudson River Valley and by June 20 was becoming, win- I In the
western part of the State it is extremely abu.i.a-it and carasing
considerable damage, particularly in the Niagara district.
(Abstract, J.A.H.)

R. Hutson (June 11): Leafhoppers are numerous in some orchards
of lonia and Macornb Counties, enoyjh to cause marked stippling
of the leaves.

APPLE REDBUG (Lyidea mendax Reut.)

C. R. Phipps (June 25): For the first time' this insect is
recorded from Maine. Last season some apple leaves rere sent
in from Franklin County which appeared to be injured by redburs.
This season on June 8 several n4rnphs were collected and later
adults were obtained from the same locality.

A. I. Bourne (June 24): Redbug infestation was a;ain rather
spotty and Tr-actically every localityr showed infestation, whereas
in the same .-oneral region there were orchards which were com-.
paratively free.

N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): The apple
redbug be-an transformin.- to the adult state during the second
week in June in the Hudson River Valley. In the eastern n part
of the State this insect is extremely numerous anri destructive.
(Abstract, J.A.H.)

A LEAT-CURLITh TI:irGE (Dct.yr1eura '-rli Kieff.)

Mas sachu setts

E. P. 7Llt (June 24):
established at Ipsvich.

The leaf-curling apple midge h"as become
Infested material pre7entin- the .-ereral

-21 !-



New York


West Virginia



characteristics of the work of this European insect has becon
received. This is presumably the first record of the occurrence
of this insect in America.

APPLE FIA W=TII (Orchestes pallicornis Say)

T. H. Parks (June 22): Workc of this insect can be easily
found in almost any orchard visited. It has increased greatly
since last year.
APPLE I'AGGOT (PBhaAolotis pomonella Walsh)

C. R. Phipps (June 25): The first fli,'s appe!re. in our
Cumberland County traps on June 20. These flies were from early
varieties of apples. Our first flies appeared on Ju-ne 19 i. tin
same orchard in 1931. No flies have appeared as yet in our traps
at Highmoor Farm from the som e varieties.

0RIMTTAL FRUIT MOTH (Grapholitha molesta Busc2:)

P. Garman (June): The first brood came in strong and is quite
abiudant in many .'o'=-r orchards.

P. J. Parrott (May 23): The first moth cmeres Miy 20.
24): This insect is very abundant in western New York.


N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): Iiring
the last few days of May and the first of June this insect began
infesting peach twigs; in Monroe and Wayne Counties it is
steadily increasing. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

L. A. Stearns (June 23): The peak of first-brood twig injury
w-'.s obzcrved during the last week of May and the first wee-: in
June; injury has been moderate; first first-brood moths appeared
June 18.

L. M. Peairs (June 23): The oriental fruit moth is moderately
abundant at Morgantown. There has been more than the usual early

C. R. Willey (June 25): Oriental fruit moths are very abundant
in Richmond, Henrico County and in adjoining counties.

0. I. Snapp (June 11): Practically all of the first-brood larvae
have pupated by this date in Fort Valley.

W. H. Clarke (June 22): : There is a moderate inLestation of
this insect in Hampton, Monticello, and Luella; a light infestation
in Thomaston and Griffin.




Michi -an



New York




T. H. Parks (June 25): More injured t-rnomnals are found than
usual at this time of year.

E. W. .eindenhall (J-uie 26): In Fairfield County I find the
oriental fruit moth is doing considerable damage to each orchards

S. C. Chandler (June): Twig infestation is more severe than
last year. At present (June 16) second-brood larvae are hatching.

R. H. Pettit (June 22): T.As insect is moderately abundant.

G. M. Bentley (June 22): This insect is moderately abcnOant.

PLLP. CTURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar !bst.)

C. R. Phipps (June 25): Very abundant. Considerable injury
to apples in certain Cumberland County orchards.

IN. Y. State Coll. Apr., Weekly News Letter (June): During the
last week in May the plum curculio emerged in larre numbers and
by the first of June darrmage was quite evident in the Hudson River
Valley. By the third week in the month it was quite :er.,rally
prevalent throughout the State, but on the whole the was
not unusual. (Abstract, J.A.M.)

L. A. Stearns (June 23): First-brood grubs commenced issuing:
from fruit during the last weel in May. Drops are heavily infested

C. R. Willey (June 25): The plum curculio is very ab'.-.i.'ant
in Richmond, Henrico County, and in adjoining counties.

0. I. Snapp (May 31): The first pupation of the season was
recorded today at Fort Valley. The first larvae remained in the
soil 15 days before pupating. Pupation is unusually late this
year. It is beginning 6 days later thani last year and 16 da:s
later than in 1930, when the pupation was considered late. T'-he
late pupation this year does not necessarily indicate one :en-
eration, owinz to the fact that the peach crop is correspondingly
late. (June 6): The first pupae to transform to beetles in soil
cells were recorded today at Fort Valley. Transformation is
beginning 5 days later than last year and 14 das later than in
1930. (June 10): The parasites TriasWis curculionis Fitch and
T. curculionis vat. iufus Riley are much more abundant than
usual. This is especially true of rufus. (June 16): The first
new adults of the season emerged fro-i the soil todxw. ie are
expecting second-.-,eration ec-s within two weezs, and Hiley,
Georgia Belle, and iberta peaches will, in all probability,
contain larvae of the second brood.

W. H. Clarh:e (June 10): The first adults of th.e first brood
cm-.nrne?. from life history ca-es today at Thomaston. (June 24):
Very abundant. Heavy c-ie eir:er'en.ce.



North Dakota



Massachusett s

T. H. Parks (June 25): Very few curcullo marl's are to be
found on apples though some are present on plums and a few on
peaches in some orchards. The infestation is distinctly less
than usual though greater than last year.

S. C. Chandler (June): Apple orchards in southern Illinois
have been injured severely because of the lack' of fruit in the
big peach orchards close by, and the curculios have cozncetrated
on the apples. On account of the scarcity of frait much Carnage
has been done to peaches in southern Illinois. Jarri.-?;s at
present indicate no let-up in the numbers feeding.

R. H. Pettit (June 22): Plum curculios arc very abundat.

J. A. 'lunro (June 18): H. 0. Putnam reports the plum cur-
culio as very abundant on wild plums in the vicinitU of 3ismarck.

L. Haseman (June 20): The plum circuLlio bred earlier th-arn
usual this year. June 10 about 70 per cent of the earl-, collec-
tion of worms were in the pupa stage and June 20 about 30 per
cent were adults. Still feedin:v and breeding.

C. Ijle and assistants (June): The plum curculio i- -,
abundant in the northern and northwestern parts of the State.


ITEW YORK WEVIL (Ithycerus noveboracensis Forst.)

A. I. Bourne (June 24): On June 10 our attention was called
to injury in young pear orchards in Westfield, where t.e insects
were injuring the twigs. These orchards were locntcd in rewly
cleared land bordering on woods and sproutl-'nd.

A LEAF CULI'TO. MIDGE (Dasyneura pyri ou.che)

New York

IT. Y. State Coll. ATr., Wee.-ly News Letter (June 5): T .':.d the
first pear leaf curlin-: mido ma!-ots on Ju-ne 1 in the -azen
orch-ard in Ulster Count7'.

BLACK CHERRY APHID (Mzus cerasi Fab. )

New York

N. Y. State Coll. Agr., 7eeklyv News Letter (Jzu e): The black
cherry aphid started to appear in threatenin-; numbers #urir. the
first week in June in the Hudson River Valle:- and also in the
Niagara district, and by the middle of the month it ,tc. quite
numerous and troublesome. (Abstract, J.A.Ih)



R. H. Pettit (Juie 22): ,e cl.-ic'-. cherry ahriid is very ab-ardan

CHRRY FRUIT FLI'S (lf-.L oletis sop.)

ITeC7 Yorl:

Michigi -_n


IT. Y. State Coll. ACr., Wec'-]y ITews Letter (June): The cherry flies began appearin- during the first wee!- in June in the
Hucdsoni River Valley. (Abstract, J.A.F. )

R. H. Pettit (June 9): Sev ral specimens of the blac:-bodicd
ccherrt fly (h.-1?7olktis fausta 0. S.) at Gobles
and at l u..'rec.ce yesterda- morning.

C.-:7C0T7C-:Y :TIDr (Contarinia virginieana Felt)

H. H-. S7e:a- (June 20): Cho',echerries Qere badly- damaged in an
area extending from Howard Covu.t:" to Kear,-y Co-.uity during : the
first half of June, by the choclcecherr7" 'mide.

C:-'.Y L AF MIET-7- (Profenusa collaris ?I'ac. )

Mi c hi gan

R. H. Pettit (June 18): 7c received today for the first time
in Michigan the cherry- swfly leaf miner; it is worlin on
ri-lish Merollo cherries in the vicinity of Grand Rapids, and
constitutes, I believe, a record for the State.

PEAR SLUG (Erioc.;mpoics limacina Retz.)


II. H. Sweonr (April 20 to June I): The first e,-;s of the pear
slw; were noticed on chcrr- at Lincoln on la- 22. (D. 3. Te].-.a.


nRASBRP.Y SR (Mo:.:oph-:-oic'es rubi Harr.)

iTew York



IT. Y. State Coll. Ar., Weehly" ITe-s Letter (.:ay 31): Sat'flies
arc very plentiful in the raspberry sections of west 'I" York.
So far no larvae have ap c -red.

D. B. T-.Velan (April 20 to June 1): The larvae of the raspberry
s-i-'fly were from half to nearly full grown at Lincoln by r.ay 15.
Infestation moderate but not serious.

RASPBERMY CA.T0 IAG^CT (vlem-ia rubivora Coq.)

3. W. Mendcnhall (June 8): The raspberry c--.e mag-ot vas found
in some of the r.spb'erry plantations at Te7r Carlisle. The
and the fl- were observed.


RASPBERRY P7J!T WOPM (B-,tu'rus unicolor Sa')

New York


New York



N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Wee':ly YTews Letter (June): The
raspberry fruit worm is causing severe damao-e in Eric Couant;
and it is also more or less troublesome in the Hudson River
Valley. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

RASPBERRY CAT'E BORER (Oberea bimaculata 01liv.)

E. W. 'Ic-idenhall (June 8): The raspberry cane borer was
found quite bad in some of the plantations at YTew Carlisle,
Clarke County, and in Fairfield County.


GRAPE LWAHFOPPIM (Erythroneura comes Say)

L. A. Stearns (June 23): The first individuals of the first-
brood n- mphs were observed June 7. Infestation is ver- light
this year as compared with 1930 and 1931.

IT. Y. State Coll. Agr., Wce-Iy News Letter (June): The grape
leafhopper is ,geonecrally more abundant thar.n it was l<,st -oar
throughout the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.-)

S. Lockwood (June 21): The -rape leafhopper, while more
numerous than normal, does not promise to do the dsamae this
year that occurred in 1931. The area of infestation is not so
large, evidently, nor is the infestation as heavy as last year.

GRAPE PLUME MOTH (0ptilus periscelidactrlus Fitch)

A. I. Bourne (June 24): Many complaints have been received.
This insect is more abundant this year than nori.yn1ly.

GRAPE B RRY :10TH (Polychrosis viteana Clem.)

New York



1N. Y. State Coll. Aq-r., Weekly ]NT'.7a Letter (May 31): Because
of the extremely lig-ht winter, the possibility of a hcavy in-
festation 6f the c rape berry moth is lilhel"" in western N ew Tor:,
Chautauqua County.

L. A. Stearns (June 23): First spring-brood moths ::a- 11, first
first-brood egs Ia-- 27, and first first-brood larvae Juno 3.

GRAPE ROOT WOPRM (Fidia viticida Walsh)

L. A. Stearns (June 25): Apparently more this year
than in several -ears past. Injur- to fol-io-aj ravch more severe
than in 1931.



M. H. S'er2: (June 1 to 20): The grapes in the Brownvillc,
Nemaha County, area vinc'rards were r'-:,orted to be showing an
unusual abundance of the beetles of the grape root worm during
the middle of June.

WT{ITE OAK MITE (Tctr^n-ccus willamattei McG.)


E. A. McGregor (June): The white oak mite was discovered
this spring severely attac]Li1i vineyards in southern Tulare
County. So far as mro'.n, this is the first record of this
pest in central California, and extends its ?mown range south-
ward by fully 200 miles.

PACIFIC RED SPIDER (Tetranychus pacificus McG.)


S. Lockwood (June 21): A spider mite, probably T. pacificus,
has been noted as present but of no importance as yet to grapes
over a large area of the San Joaquin Valley. The infested area
this year extends from San Joaiquin Coulnty to Kern County, though
these mites are rather difficult to find at the time of writing,
in the southern part of San Joaquin Valley.


II'PORTD CURRANTT "7PORY (Pteronidea. ribesii Scop.)

North Dakota




Al 3.btu -)

J. A. Munro (June 13): Currant worm injury was particularly
noticeable during the fore part of June.

M. H. Svenc (June 20): 7irst larvae emerged on April 23.
The last reports of injury were received Hay 17 a:-., 18. (D.B.
Whelan). First adults eerjed on June 3 and 4.

CILAi:T APHID (Y--mis ribis L. )

R. H. Pettit (June 22): Currant aphids are vr;ry abrnd ant.

M. H. S.ven. (June 20): In Knox Co'u.rntr currants werc con-
siderably troubled by attacks by the currait aphids during the
early part of June.


FALL W7BWOf:! (HTohmintri.i cunca Drury)

J. B. Gill (June 26): Infestations are common in pecan orchard
bet'-ccn Albai.',, Putne-, and Bac-nton.

J. Robinson (Jrine 22): The fall webworm has apr, ired in



C. Lyle (June 23): The.'first colony observed in 1932 at State
College was found in a pecan tree on Junc21 by J. H. Lanyston.
Th6 cblonr*- wis small. .......

PECAN. BUrTOTH (Gretchena bolliana Sling.)


G. L. Bond (June 18): Several outbreaks of this insect have
been noted in the vicinity of Inurel.

WALUJT CAT-uTILLAR (Dttur.a i.itc cr-'imc G. & R.





L. Haseman (June 20): Colonies of 7cung larvae have been
hatching at Columbia sihce about June 15. They are very a-ondant.

R. P. Colmer (June 19):: The first walnut caterpillar was
observed feeding on pecan at Moss PoFeint, June 5.

PECAN PIYLLOXERA (Phylloxera devastatrix Perg.)

C. Lyle and assistants (June): Rather severe infestations
were reported from Warren, Jasper, Jackson, IMonroe, Alcorn,
Lincoln, and Tate Counties.


!3EXICAI FRUJIT FLY (Anastrepha ludens Loew)*

Plant Quarantine arnd Control Administration, Nev's Letter, MTo.18
(June 1): Only one adult 1.exican fruit fly wa taken in
M1ataioros, He., during April. Infestations hAve been fou:.d
this season in 59 proves, in the brush on the arroyo south of
Harlingen, Tex., near the burial pit at..IcAl'en, and in a ship-
ment of fruit in Sin Antonio. These inf-estations o':te:Aed .rom
Brownsville to missionn but woere hea ri r in the upper end of the
Val ley.
The first 7-.own larvae o:). A. pa.lle-n -. Con. -7ere t..n on April
15. These 1-.rvae ' a shrub that is cornn.on ..u&o'ut the brvsh lands of the Valley
and -nown locally by th- ilexiean naie La Coma. It is possible
that other native fr-2its and berries mn" be hosts 'of this species
but up to the precent we havc bee"- u:n feeding in other fruits. The :umelia fr-aits sccn to be rather
heavily infcsoed in spots A.n nurauerous ir, pcc 'iave developcd from
collected berries. No cxpluration is'--t available to account
for the presence of the adults in the citrus gfrovos. A total of

*Correction: Under, AnastrehK. lidens lce- (-Insect Pest Survey
Bulletin, Vol. XII, No. 4, p. 157) -thte ^:e--irH California
.'..ould read e's.




717 adults were. takcen in thie trpps during the month in Texas
and 94 adults were taker, in Matai.,oros, Mex.

GR_-T CITTJS APHID (ApMs spiraecola Patch)

J. R. Tatson (Ma3y 24): A. spiraecola is very ab''.da-- from
Lake City south, but numbers are rapidly declirnin.

HMELOT APHID (Aphis goss-ypii Glov.)

E. A. .'cGregor (June): Present in greater normal numbers
on citrus this spring.

OP.AG2' TIPS (Scirtothrips citri Moult.)


3. A. McGregor (June): The infestation has been one of the
scerest on record. Four generations had Ceveloped up to June
16, and the injury to citrus fruits in unprotected or ir.properly
treated orchards has been very great.

FULLR' S ROSE BETLL (Asyrnonychus godmani Crotch)


H. P. Loding (June 13): At present an- for the last two weehs
Fuller's rose beetle hlias been extremely abuR3a-.nt in Satsumna
orange groves at Mobile and doing considerable dar.-ac, cspc.ciall,
to young trees, which in some cases are nearly defoliat.?1.


VG-TA3BLE E 27IL (Listroderes oblioenuis Gyll.)





North Carolina

P. D. Sanders (Hay 27): Adults 1verc very abundant under
loose bark on pine rails, slabs aniv lo,;s in Attala County near
Ko sciuskco.

S. Lockwood (June 21): Repo-tcd from R':rb ldt County.

IiBRICAT:D S'07"T B-T7L= (:picacrs imbricatus Sa--)

C. B. Lanford (',ay 12): Specimens )f weevils collected 'ay
52. These insects wero said to be doing considerable .a:e to
tomato plants.

G. Bentley (June 22): The imbricated snout boetle h11.
been reported on onions in Knox County.

BLIST, B-R LS (37;=idae)

C. H. Brannon (June 20)-: .ict vittata Fab. l>as made its
appearance in lar.-e numbers on soy b,':ns in 3ea-Cort C',"-.ty.


North Dakota

South Dakota




J. A. Munro (J-une 18): .E. Pepnnsylvanica DeG. has been reported
from several of the eastern counties of the State. It was re-
ported as destructive to caragana hedges and potatoes. (June 20):
It seems to be widely distributed over the country and is feeding
ravenously on sweet clover, alfalfa, caragana, and other crops.

H. C. Se:-erin (June 14): Blister beetles are doing considerable
damage this year. Because of the serious grasshopper outbreaks
of last year, blister beetles are exceptionally abundant.

G. M. Bentley (June 22): E. vittata is moderately abundait
in Knox County on morning-glory, sweet peas, and okra.

J. M. Robinson (June 20): Blister beetles are very abundant
on Irish potatoes at Vernon.

C. Lyle (June 23): Macrobasis unicolor Kby. was received from
a correspondent at Steens, on. June 7, with a report that Irish
potato plants had been severely injured. Medium injury to
tomatoes by E. lemniscata Fab. was reported from Highlandale,
on June 14.

FLEA BITL3S (Ealticinae)


Lew York



A. I. Bourne (June 24): Flea beetles have been generally
very abundant on practically all the garden plants which they
normally attack.

P. J. Parrott (IMay 23): Phyllotreta vittata Fab. is very

WESTiMT1 SPOTTED CUCUMB.7- BE=TLE (Diabrotica soror Lee.)

S0. Essig (June 6): D. soror is unusually abundant. Adults
feeding upon the leaves, particularly near the tops of the plants.
Not a serious pest, however, to the very rapidly growing alfalfa,
in Vernalis.

E. A. McGregor (June): The western cucumber beetle (D. soror
Lee.) seems to have been unusually abundant in citrus o rchards
in central California the present season. It has caused con-
siderable perforation of foliage and a limited amount of injury
to small green oranges to date. It was also observed to be rather
severely attacking citrus foliage last year in Vpnttra County.

ROUGH STRAWBERY ROOT ;v= VIL (Brachyrhinus rugosostriatus Goeze)

T. 0'Teill (June i6): This is the first record we have of
the occurrence of B. rugosostriatus in Georgia. Several adults
received with reports of invading a residence at Marietta.


Georzi a



A (.IL (Aphrastus. taeriatus C.,'!.). .

'T. O'Neill (May 27): Specimens were collected at Flower:'
Branch with a report of da.m,.e .o, field beans and corn foliage.

A YEEIL P(Phytononus rurnicis L.

M. P. Zappe (June 18): larvae very abundant, feeding on l-aves
and blossoms of sorrel grown for seed at Milford. A few adults
present, eggs laid inside of stems. About 7 acres infested.
Insect first tacen in corn in Greenwich June, .1928. One
specimen at Darien May 21, 1930. Adults rather abundant on
dock. (See Ent. News 34: 280, 1923. L.L. 3uchanan.)

SUGAR 3Z-T T"JIPS (Heliothrips famoralis -eger)

E. W. Men'enhall (May 27): The sugar beet thrips was quite
bad on several species of Sedum,, Kalanchoe flanri'ea, Crassuila
arborescens, and :'-sembr-'anth ruin: u eqmila' '.nle in the green-
houses in Urbana. We find conmiderable da-: 'ge to the succulent
plants under glass. These plants were' so bad that t.>Le: h-ad to
be destroyed..

SEED COHHT HAGGOT (7{'.rleor-ia cilicrara Rond.)







South Dakota


C. R. Phipps (June 25): The seed corn mag,6t is present in
very destructive numbers in bean fields in central Maine. It
is calsicig quite a loss to cucumber producers in Cumberland

E. N. Cory (June 22): Sec': corn very aburan.t.

J. H. Bi-Ter (June 17): The scee corn maggot is v-r" ab,)";c'ant
in western Illinois; 50 per cent of the adults out. M'.. 27.

R. H. Pettit (June 22): Seed corn me ot very ab'.:.ant.

C. L. Fluke (June 24): The seed corn maz-ot is ver'- ab-.-.ant,
ruining corn and beans in mar:.'" fields over most of the State.

W. A. Price (14.y, 26): The corn man--rt has' been 7ctcrally
prv.-v.ent over '' '":I.te, doir-. conspicuouv k1nyeO in Bourbon
and Fa-ette Counties.

H. C. Severin (June 14): D'mi.:.-e is especially severe in "eakly
germinatirn'- corn in isolated ar-i-s over South Dakota.

.. H. Swenlc' (April 20 to June I): PL,-in- the third week in
May the seed corn ma . bt caused amiage to planted" corn in Cuniin-
County, near West Point.





SPITTLE BUGS (Cercopidae)

D. C. Mote (May 23): Spittle bugs, Aphrophora permutata Ulhler
And P. spumarius Fall., still immature. In sections of Willar,,-jtte
Valley unusually heavy infestations on all forage, truck, garden,
small fruit crops, and -entals. (W.D. Edwards.)


J. R. Watson (June 25): 7e have had unusually large numbers
of complaints the past few weeks. The insect seems to be
injuring a large number of vegetable crops, including tomatoes,
mustards, turnips, collards, etc., cowpeas, and young citrus
trees and we have reports covering practically the whole of the
peninsular part of the State.

A SITAIL (Helix pisana Muller)

Monthly News Letter, Los Angeles Co. Agr. Comm. (May 28): A
serious snail pest, H. pisana, was recently discovered on a
ranch located partly in Los Angeles County and partly in Orange
County. Subsequent surveys showed infestations to involve about
500 acres, including some Japanese truck gardens. Later surveys
showed one more ranch infested in the Downey district and
another near Artesia.
H. pisana was first found in San Diego County in 1919 in the
La Jolla district. This was the first and only other infes-
tation of its kind found in the United States. The infestation
was extremely heavy in some places and in one instance 800 snails
were counted on a single wild buckwheat plant less than 2 feet
in diameter and about 18 inches high.



.;ew York


Oew Jersey

COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

N. Turner (June 20): Unusually abundant in the southern part
of the State.

H. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): Appeared
late in May and egg laying was well under wayr in the western part
of the State during the first week in June. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

L. A. Stearns (June 23): Abundant and causing considerable

T. J. Headlee, H. C. Nissley, and R. C. Burdette (June):
Abundant throughout the State on potatoes and less so on tomato
and eggplant.


Pennsylvania J. N. .:'null (June): This beetle-is very abunr.dan-t in Frar.-lin
County. .

Maryland E. N. tCory (June 22):: Col.orado potato beetles are very abv.'.dant.

Florida J J. R. Watson (H'- 24): Increasin- in nu-Lbers in main potato
j .sections in northern Florila. (June 24): Very ab'u.dant ai-d
doing much dana;-e to eggplant in Alalhna County.

Michigan R. H. Pettit (June 22): .Very abundant.

Wisconsin C. L. Fluke (June 24): M1ore abunr.dant than for several -ears.

Iowa C. J. Drake (June 22): Very abund-.t and may be found in
almost any potato patch in Iowa.

North Dakota J. A. Munro (June 18): Unusually abundant.

Nebrasc__a M. H. Swe-k (June I): Very abundant.

Mississippi C. Lyle and assistants (June): Very abundant.

TEE-LIM:ED POTATO BEETLE (Lema trilineata Oliv.)

Connecticut N. Turner (June 6): Much more abundant than usual in the
southern part of the State.

A TORTOISE B:3zTI (Deloyala. clavata Fab.)

Connecticut N. Turner (June 6): Unuc-s2lly 'abu.n'..._t this year on Irish
potatoes at Cheshire.

::.'OP7.PjJS (Phlegethontius spp.)

Noew Jersey T. J. Headlee, C. H. Nissley, and R. C. Burdette (June):
P. quinqucmaculata Hai-. was found in Cumberland, Salem, Gloucester,
and Camden Counties. E-Ts 7ero found in all four counties and
newly hatched larvae in Cumnberland, Salem, and Gloucester Counties.
This infestation is apparently general on tomatoes.

Georgia 0. I. Srapp (Jule 9): Hornworms (P. serta Johan.) are more
a'"'.n;"-,"t.. ti"auin usual, and have caused considerable daina.e to
tomato plants in Fort Valley 7c.rdens.

POTATO FL7A 3SETLE (Epitrix cucumeris fHarr.)

Connecticut A. E. Wilkinson (June 18): Flea beetles are causing : duia7e to
potatoes,r:--ny holes in loaves, 25 to 50 beetles per plant.

Tc'."' Jersey T. J. Hca-lee and H. C. "Tissley (June 9): Flea beetles rvEre
found ab'i:-.dntly thrr.uchout the State on potatoes and less abun-
da.n,.tly on to:.ato and e'7 -olan't.




North Dakota

South Dakota



T. H. Parks (June 15): Potato flea beetles have been much
more injurious than usual this year.

R. Hutson (June 11): Flea beetles are extremely numerous
on tomatoes at Williamston and Lake Odessa, and on potatoes
at Sprin-port and Fennville.

J. A. Munro (June 18): Recent observations indicate tha.b Ciey
are prevalent over a large area of the potato-growing section of
the State.

H. C. Soverin (June 14): More than average abundance.

C. J. Drake (June 22): The potato flea beetle is very abundant.

`OTATO APHID (Illinoia solanifolii Ashrm.)

H. G. Walker (June 27): A very severe outbreak of the pirk
and green potato aphid occurred about two weeks ago; and severe
damage, especially to tomatoes in the Norfolk and Portsmouth
area and on the Eastern Shore of Vir.inia, has occurred.

POTATO LEAFHPPER (Thpoasca fabae Harr.)


fli ssourri

ew Jersey


L. H. Shropshire (June 23): potato leafhoppcrs are very abun-
dant in Cook County. They appeared on June 8 to 12.

L. Haseman (June 20): Potato leafhoppers in central Missouri
June 15; considerable tip burn from hoppers on potatoes.

TOMATO PSYLLID (P>ratrioza cockerelli Sulc.)

G. F. Knowlton (June 15): The potato psyllid was found to
have matured one generation on tomato in the field under "white
caps," and deposited eTs by June 11 at Farmington. Adults and
eggs were moderately abundant upon potatoes at the same time.


EGGPLA1TT LACJ3UG (G-.r.-phia solani Held.)

T. J. Headlee, HT. C. Nissley, and R. C. v.rdette (June 21):
Found less numerous, probably owing to the heavy rains. In the
Swedesboro section of Gloucester County half-grown young lace-
bugs were found on eggplant and eggs of this insect were hatching
in Burlington County.

BGGPIJUTT -36EA BE7TLE (Epitrix fuscula Crotch)

J. J. Davis (June 27): The eggplant flea beetle was very
destructive to recently set cgaplants at Lafa'-,tte June 10.



:IXI-CAIT BEAIT B_'rTL' (2,imchna corrupt Ifals.)

Rhode Island



New York

New Jersey



Wcst Virginia

Vir inia

lTorth Carolina

South Carolina


A. Z. Stene (Juno 23): 'exican bean booties are ab..d?'.t
throughout the State.

A. I. Bourne (June 24): Large numbers of beetles appeared in
newly planted fields soon after the plants appeared above ground.
In some cases serious injury to foliage has already taken place.
At the present time the er--s have just begun to hatch. The
insect has established itself throughout the three counties
in the Connecticut Valley and to some extent throughout the
southern and southeastern parts of the State.

N. Turner (June 20): Beetles came out of hibernation starting
May 24. DF--s appeared June 6 in the southern part of the State,
and hatched June 16. Beetles were still ccr:ing out of hiber-
nation June 15. The infestation is very heavy in the southern
part of the State, but apparently lighter in northern Connecticut.

P. J. Chairman (June 23): Mexican bean beetles are very
abundant in the Hudson River Valley. Mostly troublesome in
garden patches.

T. J. :-cc-3lee, R. C. Burdette, and C. H. Nissley (June): Very
abundant throughout the State. Oviposition was observed in the
southern part of the State on the 7th, 3th, and 9th. On the
13th and 14th larvae were observed, and by the'2lst they were
nearly full grown in the southern part of the State.

L. A. Stearns (June 23): 1neor-ence commenced April 19 and was
at the ,ca2k about June 7. Fifty per cent survival in hibernation
cage. Young beans with abundance of adults and er-s June 16.

J. A. lyslop (June 25): 1.ore ibun' :-,nt near Silver Spring
than it hias been during the last few years.

L. M. Pairs (June 23): The Mexican bean beetle is moderately
to very abundant at 1organtown. Gettin-: a good start.

C. R. 7illey (June 25): Thc Mexican bean beetles arc very'ar.t at Pichm-,nd, Henrico County, and in ?'joinini counties.

C. H. Brannon (June 16): S,--verc darn:age is app'aring much
earlier than usual in man, localities.

A. Lut:en (Juno 24): Mc.xican bean beetles are very a-.i:,at.

W. H. Clar`7e (June 22): A few plants of lima beans found
infested in a 4-acre field at Louisville; full-;rown larvae


present. At Thomaston a full-grown larva was submitted y a
farmer; serious damage is being done to string beans and sli;-ht
damage to lima beans.

T. H. Parks (June 25): The beetle is very abundant.
first generation is injuring beans in northern Ohio.





Southern States





New Jersey

J. J. Davis (June 27): Apparently more abundant than usual;
damage in northern Indiana is being reported. The first report
was received from Sunman May 28, but most of the reports came
in after June 6.

S. C. Chandler (Jmune): Mexican bean beetle first found in
southern Illinois on June 5 at Albion, Edwards County; infes-
tations also found at Lawrenceville, and Mt. Carmel,

G. Myers (June 25): The Mexican bean beetle is appearing in
unusual numbers on beans near Buffalo and Mt. STerman, Larue
County, and southward in Green County.

BEAN LEAPF BEETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.)

P. D. Sanders (April, May, and June): This insect was re-
ported to be more injurious to beans than normal by the following:
C. 0. Hopkins in Louisiana, C. Lyle in Mississippi, A. Lutken
in South Carolina, and A. G. Amstein in Arkansas.

C. R. Willey (June 25): The bean leaf beetle is very abundant
at Richmond, Henrico County, and in adjoining counties.

T. H. Parks (June 3): Considerable injury hias been caused by
beetles feeding on bean leaves. Injury is confined to souzithern

K. L. Cockerham (May 25): The bean leaf beetle was plentiful
at Foley on snap beans.

COWPEA CLCUTIUO (Chalcodermus aeneus Boh.)

K. L. Cockerham (May 25): The cowpea pod weevil is very
seriously damaging snap beans in our experimental plots at
Foley. Nearly every blossom, bud, or young bean had at least
one weevil on it.

BEAN APHID (Aphis rumicis L.)

T. J. Headlee, C. N. Nissley, and R. C. Burdette (June 14):
The bean aphid has been found in large numbers on Fava beans
in Monmouth County..






PEA. APHID (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)

T. H. Parks (June 20): Peas being grown for canning factories
are quite seriously attacked in Pickaway County. Predacious
larvae of ladybugs are quite abuAdant.

R. H. Pettit (June 17): The pea aphid is on the rampag.e in
Michigan. It has already destroyed part of the crop in Tuscola,
Saginaw, Bay, Midland, Gratiot, Kent, and NewaZ'go Counties and
points north. Entomophthora is taking its toll of the lice.


A CABBAGE BUTTERFLY (Pieris monuste L.)

H. T. Fernald (June 22): The migratory flight southward of
the large cabbage butterfly which I noted in April and May showed
no signs of appearance this year until about June 10 and is now
in full progress along the Indian River as far as Melbourne. I
have not been along the river north of Indian River City or south
of Melbourne to see how much farther it goes. Fifty or more of
the butterflies in sight at once, all working their way south,
is an interesting sight.

DIAMOND-BACK MOTH (Plutella maculipennis Curt.)

New Jersey

T. J. Headlee, C. H. 2Tissley, and R. C. Burdette (June 14):
The diamond-back cabbage moth was found in Gloucester, Camden,
and Monmouth Counties. (June 21): The caterpillars found in
C.nmden County have largely none to pupation.

HARLEQUIN BUG (Murrantia histrionica Hahn)






T. H. Parks (June 3): This insect, which is not usually
troublesome, is causing sor:.Q injury in Lawrence and Scioto

W. A. Price (June 25): The harlequin bug continues abunamnt
and a source of damage to c-'.bbaie in several sections of the

G. M. Bentley (June 22): The harlequin bug is moderately
abundant. Reported on cabbage, turnip- nasturtium, and mustard.

J. M. Robinson (June 20): Very abundant probably all over
the State.

C. F. Stiles (June 21): Reported quite numerous in central
0kl ahoma.


CABBAGE MAGGOT (Hylemyia bras sicae Bouche)


New York


D. S. Lacroix (June 3): Very abundant on cabbage and cau-
liflower at Windsor.

2. Y. State Coll. Air., Weekly ,Tews Letter (June): QuI.te
generally prevalent throughout the western part of the State
and did considerable during the first half of the month.
(Abstract, J.A.H.)

CABBAGE APHID (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)

L. H. Shropshire (June 23): Very ab,-.dant and causin- severe
damage on early cabbage grown from plants secured outside the


STRIPED UCU'SCER B7LE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

Massachusett s


INew Jersey



North Dakota

South Dakota


Missi s sippi

A. I. Bourne (June 24): They were somewhat late in appearing
but they appear to be more abundant than usual.

C. R. Willey (June 25): The striped cucumber beetle is very
abundant in Richmond, Henrico County, and in adjoining counties.
It is apparently taking a heavy toll.

T. J. Headlee, C. H. Nissley, and R. C. Burdette (June 9):
Striped cucumber beetles were generally present throughout the
State on young melon, cucumber, and squash. (June 21): It
was slightly less numerous than L.ast week.

L. H. Shropshire (June 25): Very abundant in Cooklc Count;,
where their have completely destroyed lar.e plantings of cucumbers.

R. H. Pettit (June 22): Very abundant.

J. A. Munro (June 181: Very abu.d:ant at Fargo.

H. C. Severin ( 14): More abundant than usual on
cuc'nmbers over the State.

C. F. Stiles (June 21): Still quite numerous throughout the
greater part of the State.

SQUASH BUG (Epilachna borealis Fab.)

K. L. Cockcerham (May 23): On May 23 two specimens were
collected on ceantaloupes at Biloxi. These are the only specimens
seen or collected by me in this vicinity in over three years.






MELON APHID (Aphis gossypii Glov.)

C. J. Drake (June 22): Extrermely abundant upon melons and
cucumbers. A canning company plans to purcahse a sprayer or
duster for practically ever farmer who is growing cucumbers
for it under contract.


SQUASH BUG (Anasa tristis DeG.)

0. I. Snapp (June 10): Apparently the insect is more abundant
than usual south of Macon. Heavy infestations were observed at
Fort Valley and Macon.

W. H. Clarke (June 22): Squash bugs destroyed squash in a
garden at Thomaston. Half-grown rnymphs present in large numbers.

J. J. Davis (June 27): Thd squash bug is abundant at Perrys-

L. H. Shropshire (June 23): Overwintering adults are ver"
abundant in the fields all over Cook County. No oviposition had
occurred up to June 18.

0TT T: IPS (Thrips tabaci Lind.S
0'TI0IT T ffIPS (Thrips tabaci Lind. )

New Jersey




T. J. Headlee, C. H. Nissley, and R. C. Burdette (June 9):
Onion thrips were found throughout the State mainly upon onions
but to some extent upon cabbages, where they stood adjacent to
heavily infested onion fields. The attack on the early onion
in southern New Jersey has already accomplished a large share
of the damage it will do, because through the agency of thrips
and dr- weather the older onions 'ave received a setback from
which they will not recover in any considerable de ree.

J. J. Davis (June 27): Onion thrips began to show up in
thrcateriinz numbers in many sections of northern Indiana early
in June. However, serious damage has not yet developed but is
anticipated in some sections.

L. H. Shropshire (June 23): Onion thrips are multipl'ir-n
rapidly. Commercial dar-.a'-e to onions will occur within a short
time if weather continues hot and dry.

G. M. Bentley (June 22): Onion thrips are moderately abui.dant
on roses in Knox County.



S. Lockwood (June 21): The thrips is more nn.crous than umsal;
considerable draage may result to onions in the Delta region of
Sacramento and San Joaquin Valley, 50 to 60 thrips per onion
plant being commonly observed.


GOLDBET TORTOISE BEETLE (Metriona bicolor Fab.)

New Jersey



T. J. Headlee, R. C. Burdette, and C. H. Nissley (Jimnc):
During the second week in the month these insects (Cassidia sp.)
were present in large numbers on sweetpotato in Burli -,:ton,
Camden, and Gloucester Counties and in smaller nlbcrs in
Atlantic and Cumberland Counties. By the 21st of the month
they were apparently less numerous.

J. Westrod (June 7): Specimens of M. bicolor forwarded.
Eating holes in leaves of sweetpotato plants, at Sudlerville.

SW:TPOTATO 7LEA BETL2 (Chaetocncma confinis Crotch)

C. Lyle (June 23): Reported quite abundant on sweetpotato
plants at Oxford on Junoe 2.


STRAWBERRY LEAFT ROLLEP. (Anclis co"p.a Froel.)


New York



L. A. Stearns (June 25): Somewhat more abundant than at
this date in 1929, 1930, and 1931.

N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (May 31): The
strawberry leaf roller is developing rapidly in one planting,
of strawberries in Chautauqua County, the plants of which
were secured from outside the State. It is the only planting'
in the county where any damage is being done. It is now in
all stages of development. Very few larvae have yret pupated.

T. H. Parks (June 25): This insect has been reported as very
injurious to strawberry beds on farms" near Circleville and

M. H. Swenk (June 20): On June 10, 11, and 12 several
correspondents reported serious damage to strawberry plants.
These reports came from Cuming and Ma-lison Counties west to
Thomas County and south to Hall County.



B=-T WMBWOPRTIo sticticalis L.)

North Dakota

South Dakota





J. A. Munro (June 18): According to reports adults are
distributed generally over a lar.,e portion of the State but are
most abundant in the northwestern group of counties, including
Williams, Divide, Burke, Bottineau, Ward, McLean, and Rolette.

H. C. Severin (June 14): An enormous flight of moths occurred
in South Dakota during May. No serious reports of dama -e as yet.

A. L. Strand (June 21): Moths are present in tremendous
numbers over practically the entire State, Serious damage to
alfalfa, field peas, gardens, and sugar beets is expected
unless adequate control measures are used.

A. G. Stephens (June 24): Webworms are moderately abundant in
the northeastern and central part of Wyoming.

BET LEAFHOPP-M (Eatettix tenellus Bak.)

G. F. Knowlton (June 20): Beet leafhoppers are moderately
abundant throughout northern Utah.

A. E. Michelbacher (June 20): Was told that there ihas been a
considerable increase in the amount of curly top over that present
a month ago around Clarksburg.

SPRING TAILS (Collembola)

G. F. Knowlton (May 9): Specimens were collected.May 5 and 9,
respe.ctively,by G. F. Kno'.lton at Logan and Elwood where they
were said to be damaging ,oung seedling sugar beets. These are
0n__chiurus armatus Tull. See Proc. U.S.N.M. 53: 644. Pseudosinel]
violenta Fols. See Aner. Novitates, Yo. 108, (Det. J. W.


PI BOLL O (Pectinoior ossypiea Saund.
PIIIF BOLL 'TOB2I (Pectinophora gossypiella Saund. )

U. S. D. A., Press Service, Office of Information (June 14):
This insect was found in a small patch of not more tshan 2 acres
of cultivated cotton near *'iaYmi and in wild cotton in a district
extending from south of Miami to Key West.




TOBACCO FLMA SETTLE (Epitrix P9rvula Fab.)




North Carolina

North Carolina

F. S. Chamberlin (June 3): Flea beetles, mainly second-brood
individuals, arc considerably more abundant than usual in
Gadsden and Madison Counties.

W. A. Price (May 26): Flea beetles have been serious in
tobacco beds at Lexington, Paducahi, 'icholasvillo, Georgetown,
and S1lbyville.

G. M. Bentley (June 22): The tobacco flea beetle is moderately

POTATO STAI BORER (Trichobaris trinotata Say)

C. H. Brannon (June 15): This species is very seriously damaging
tobacco near Richland, Onslow County, by eating into the midrib of
the leaves. H. S. Barber, who identified the species, advises me
that it has not heretofore been know'vn to injuire the tobacco
plants, but usually attacks potato and horse neItle.

SPOTTED CUCUMER BEETLE (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)

C. H. Bran.or. (June 15): This species is feeding on tobacco
leaves all over the State, causing serious damage in some sections.

TOBACCO BUDWOPMS (Heliothis spp.)

North Carolina




C. H. Brannon (June): Damage by H. obsoleta Fab. is evidently
unusually severe in practically all eastern counties.

F. S. Chamberlin (June 4): H. virescens Fab. appears to be
about normally abu-Aant on tobacco so far this season in Gadsden

POTATO TUBER WORM (Gnorimoschema operculella Zell.)

F. S. Chamberlin (June 23): Avery light infestation is occurring
in the Gadsden County tobacco district.

TOBACCO THRIPS (Frankliniella fusca Hinds)

F. S. Chamberlin (June 16): Recent heavy rains have cut down
the population on tobacco in Gadsden County and have eliminated
the possibility of damage this season.





ITorth Carolina

South Carolina



PERIODICAL CICADA (Magicicada septendpcim L.)

M. P. Zappe (June): Heard the adults and captured one in
North Branford.

J. N. Knull (May 30): The first periodical cicadas were ob-
served in Franklin County: Mont Alto, I.ny 30, Pond Bank, June
1, Rouzerville, June 4, Wirren Township, June 6, Horse Valley,
June 10. Ad-Tis County: May 31, Cold Springs, June 9.
Lycominr County: Loyalsock, June 5. Juniata County: Susjue-
hanna Township, June 10, Turbett Township, June 15, Fayette
Township, June 16.

R. A. Kemp (June 6): In evidence for about 10 days, a few
scattered specimens near Frederick, but more numerous in the
Catoctin Mountains, about 5 miles west of Frederick. The
brood is evidently small.

W. H. Larrimer (May 30): A few periodical cicadas heard and
some pupal cases found at 3304 Rittenhouse Street, Chevy Chase.

H. C. Skeels (June 2): Found on Holly Avenue in Takoma Park.

F. W. Mills (June l):- Specimens and examples of their destruc-
tive effects on some apple trees at 15 North Melrose Street,
Chevy Chase.

*J .J4 Hyslop (June 27): In digging in the ground, found many
puprie, evidently of Brood X and two fourth instar larvae (15 mm
long), evidently of Brood XIV.

R. W. Leiby (June 8): The periodical cicada is appearing in
Burke, Henderson, Buncombe, and Macon Counties according to re-
ports. Its appearance was first observed between May 20 and 25.

Z. P. Metcalf (June 22): Appearance of the 17-year locust has
been reported generally in Burke and McDowell Counties.

J. A. Berly (June 21): The insects were found in portions of
Oconee, Pickens, and Greenville Counties. In all cases they were
confined to the foothills. In Oconcc County we were able to go
to the State line in five places, and in each sense the cicadas
occurred across the river on the Georgia side.

C. H. Alden (June 21): Very :ib-.und.nt at Ti,:cr, Rabun County.
iHeavy emergence in wooded areas from My 20 to June 10. Some
damage done to young apple trees.





New England



W. H. Clarke (May 30): Berly and Sherman of Clemson College
reported finding a single specimen in Stephens County.
(June 23): Five specimens taken on Pine Mountain, Pike County,
today. Present in moderate numbers.

J. J. Davis (June 2?): The 17-year cicada was reported from
Ashley June 1. It was abundant the first half of June in vicin-
ity of Bedford.

W. P. Flint (June 15): First collection made in Vermilion
County on May 29. Appeared in small numbers in Morgan and Mason
Counties June 13.

C. L. Fluke (June 24): Have had only two reports on the
periodical cicada so far, one from Door County, and one from
Vernon County.

C. E. SanborZ (June 14): Mr. P. W. Oman, according to H. Morri-
son, of the U. ,D.A., has identified the species as Magicicada
cassini Fisch. '2is is often determined as Magicicada septen-
decim cassini Fisch. Mr. Oman's present opinion is that it
should stand as a distinct species. Payne County, Mny 31. G. A.
Bieberdorf Coll.

CANKER WORMS (Geometridae)

E. P. Felt (June 24): The fall canker worm, Alsophila pome-
taria Harr., has been exceptionally abundant in southwestern
New England, defoliating individual trees aInd groups of trees,
particularly apple and elm.

H. L. Bailey (June 25): Fall canker worms were plentiful on
elms at St. Johnsbury, June 8. Have also been reported from
vicinity of Burlington. No complete defoliation observed.
Feeding by larvae continued till third week in June.

F. C. Craighead (June 22): A letter from Goodman, June, 1932,
reads: "A leaf eater or small green worm is attacking the better
stands of maple this season. Where the leaf eaters ',re most
prevalent the leaves on full-aged trees are 50 to 75 per cent
consumed, the upper leaves of saplings are in like condition, and
leaves on lower branches are all eaten. Thne leaves on seedlings
are eaten right back to the stems. The leaf eater was at work
in milder form in the early summer of 1931 in the Sawyer timber.
The growth of the infested trees will be retarded this year."
(Report made by Mr. Flanders of Oconto June 4):. "A small
green worm has appeared in the hardwood timber at Oconto and is
rapidly denuding many maple trees, leaving no foliage whatever.
The foliage on several acres has been destroyed in various spots
several miles apart. These worms also appear on other hardwood
timber, but especially on the m.ple." (Det. as Paleacrita ver-
nata Peck by description of injury.)


Yo-th ra ta

J.-A. Munro (June 18): Cankerworm injury is.general through-
out th? Red River Valley. F. D. Butcher, Federal Entomologist,
following a recent trip, reports that he sew cankerworm injury
all the way from Fargo to Pembina.

SATIX MOTH (.Stilpnotia salicis L.)


C. R. Phipps (June 25): The satis moth has become increasing-
ly destructive in the region of Orono, Bangor, and Old Town this
year. Most of the caterpillars are full grown. Many poplar
trees have been cut down in this section during the past-two
weeks (June 20).

FOREST TEITT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma disstria Hbn.)


United States

M' ,inc

Rhode Island

C. R. Phipps (June 25): Forest tent caterpillars are unusually

H. B. Peirson (June): A slight infestation of the forest
tent caterpillar was reported June 14 in Jim Pond Township.
One of the heaviest outbreaks -ar have ever seen has been re-orted
from Township No. 8, Hancock County. Complete defoliation of
poplars and white birch over a large area. Highway literally
swarming with migrating larvae.

GYPSY MOTH (Porthetria dispar L.)

Plant Quarantine & Control Administration, News Letter No. 18
(June 1): Between the last part of April and early June, gipsy
moth egg clusters usually hatch in New 'England. The first hatch
this year was observed on May 2 at Melrose and Burlington, Mass.,
and Vernon, Vt. Since then hatching has been noticed in several
other localities. The intensive survey of tle northern half of
Bridgewater and the southern half of Hillsboro Townships, Somer-
set County, N. J., was completed during April. A total of 7,042
acres of woodland was scouted and no infestation found.

H. B. Peirson (June): GIpsy moth very abundant in June in
lower half of State.


AN ASH SAWFLY (Tomostethus bardus S-y)

E. P. Felt (June 24): An ash sawfly, probably T. br.rdus, was
reported by W. G. Aborn as very abundant and defoliating ash
trees at Providence.

ASH BOP= (Podosesia fraxini Lugger)

South Dakota

H. C. Severin (June 14): Abundant and more so than normal.
Darage severe, enekal!y.


New Hnampshire

BIRCH CASE BEARER (Coleophor .salm.rni Hein.)

H. B. Peirson (June): The birch case bearer was observed
June 20 in Bar Harbor. Very heavy defoliation. This insect is
spreading quite rapidly.

E. P. Felt (June 24): Birch case bearer work was received
from Lebanon, N. H., through A. W. Dodge of Boston, Mass. This
appears to be the first record of this insect at any distance
from Bar Harbor, .lr.ine.

BIRCH LEAF MINER (Fenusa pumila Klug)



New England
New York

H. B. Peirson (June 9): A leaf miner, which has been very
abundant in the State for several years, is just beginning to
become noticeable in China, Kennebec County.

R. B. Friend (June 24): As abundant as usual throughout the


CYPRESS LEAF MINER (Recurvaria Upicitripunctella Clem.)

E. P. Felt (June 24): The cypress.leaf miner has been abundant
upon individual bald cypress in southwestern New England and
southeastern New York, the miners being so numerous as practicasltrtt
prevent the development of foliage.


ELM LEAF BEETLE (Galerucella xanthomelaena Schr.)



New York


New York

H. B. Peirson (June): The elm leaf beetle was reported June
13 at Skowhegmn; slight feeding.

J. V. Schaffner, jr., (June 17): Adults are very abundant at
Danvers and feeding is very noticeable on 50 to 100 shade trees.

R. D. Glasgow (June 14): Eggs were found at Garden City, Long
Island on June 4; they were found today at Albany.

W. A. Price (May 26): The elm leaf ,beetle is present in num-
bers at Nicholasville and Lexington.

A BARK BEETLE (Scolytus multistriatus Marsh.)

E. P. Felt (June 24): The European elm bark beetle was re-
ported as generally infesting a sickly elm at Tarrytown.

Rhode Island



TIi,3_-CLOAK BUTTERFLY (H.'-r.adryas antioppa L.)

H. B. Peirson (June): Observed to be common June 16 in Augusta
and Westbrook.

A. E1. Stene (June 23): Has been sent in from nearly all sec-
tions of the ..State with the report that it is unusually abuindrnt.

J. N. Knull (June 3): Numerous elm trees in Frh-r'-lin County
have been defoliated.

WOOLLY EL,: APHID (Eriosoma americanum Riley)

H. B. Peirson (June): The elm aphid was observed June 20
very abundant through the State.

M. H. Swenk (June 1 to 20): Many compl-ints have been re-
ceived, especially since June 10, from Phelps, Polk, and Custer
Counties, west to southern Sheridan and Scotts Bluff Counties,
a region where these trees are especially valuable.

ELM COCKSCOMB GALL (Colorha ulmicola Fitch)

1k.7 York


Neb ra sim

I,'.i inc


E. P. Felt (June 24): The elm cockscomb gall was reported
from Westbury-, Long Island.

J. J. Davis (June 27): The elm cockscomb gall was reported
abundant during the past month at Brookville, Lowell, and South

M. H. Swenk (June 1 to 20); Fror Holt County west to Sheridan,
Scotts Bluff, and Perkins Counties, are being- received numecrous
reports of the deforming of elm leav-es.

EUROPEAN ELM SCALE (Goss',mria spuria 1,'od.)

H. B. Peirson (June): Europcan elm sctle observed June 20 at
Augusta; locally abundant.

W. E. Britton (June 23): Present in usual abundance on young

ELM LEL2F MI IR 1 alios;,srhin=a ulmi Sund.)

IT -'.7 York

E. P. Felt (June 24): Locally very abund-nt at Brcv.-ster and
Oyster Bay. In the former case the leaves appeared at a distance
as thou-rh they had been destroyed by fire.

.- i ie





New England



New York


BALSAMI TWIG APHID (Mindarus abietinus Koch.)

H. B. Peirson (June).:' Balsam twig aphid observed quite abun-
dant curling needles June 8 at Strong.

PINE TEEDLE SCALE (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)

H. B. Peirson (June): Pine leaf scale observed W'y 30 at
Bar Harbor. Quite abundant on fir foliage. Probably a new
record for this host.

AN APHID (DreYFusia oice.Ratz.)

H. B. Peirson (June); Fir bark louse very abundant in June
along the coast of :'I-ine. Large -mounts of fir being killed.


LARCH CASE BEAER (Coleophora laricella tHbn.)

J. V. Schaffner, jr. (June 17): Observations made and reports
received from various sources' during May and June indicate a
general infestation wherever larch occurs in New England.

C. R. Phipps (June 25): 'This pest was very abundant during the
season of 1931 with the result that most of the larch trees in
the State were turned bron.n in June. This condition is being
repeated this season although some of the browning has been
occasioned by late frosts.

H. L. Bailey (June 25): The larch case bearer appears to
have been more abundant than ever before throughout all parts
of the State. A high percentage of the native larch trees were
almost completely defoliated. New foliage was starting on many
of them June 23.

R. D. Glasgow (June 14): The larch case bearer is very rbun-
dant throughout eastern and northern New York:. Adults were ob-
served in 7estchester County on the 8th, and in fWarren County
on the 12th. In northern ITew' York this insect appears to have
become active as soon as the buds opened, the foliage through-
out large areas Lavlr. been destroyed before it had attained any
considerable length. A very large proportion of the tamarack
in northeastern .ew York is now entirely brown. This, insect has
caused serious andprogressively increasing damage to larch in
northern New York during the past 5 years. .'Many tamarack trees
have already died as a result of repeated defoliation by this



New York


LOCUST 2ORR (Cyllene robiniae Forst.)

E. 7T. Mendcnhall (June 15): The locust borer is very bad
in Colum.bus on orn'"'ental locust trees planted on private

LOCUST LFAF MIDC-E (Obolodiplosis robiniae Hald.)

E. P. Felt (June 24): Thc: locust leaf midge was reported as
generally infesting honey locust near, Long Island.

A TREEHOPP-R (Vanduzea arcuata Say)




J. N. Knull (June 10): This membracid is very abundant on
black locust in Horse Valley, Franklin County. The adults and
nymphs are attended by the red mound-building ants (Formica
exsectoides Forel).


MAPLE LEAF STEM BORER (Priophorus acericaulis MacG.)

W. E. Britton (June 23): Seemingly more nbunridnnt than for
several years.

COTTONY M1APLE SCALE (Pulvinaria vitis L.)

E. W. Mendenhall (June 8): Injury extremely severe on soft
maple trees on State and Center Streets in Springfieldand
Greenville. They are so abundant that the undersid1 of the are white with this cottony substance and the leaves wet
with their secretions. The twigs and larger li,-bs are dying.

MAPLE NEPTICULA (0epticula sericopeza Zell.)

New .2r:l and
New York


E. P. Felt (June 24): The maple 2lcpticula is breeding in
large numbers in the seeds of INTor'.7y maple in southwestern
ITew ETglannd and southeastern iTew York north at least to


EJROPEAi= PIi SHOOT MOT?: (Rhy.cionia buoliana Schiff.)

J. V. Schaffner, jr. (June 18): In eastern !.:.ssachusetts the
severe infestations still persist. Most of the infestations
are in ornamental plantings of Austrian, red, Scotch, and Mugho
pines. Moths be---'n issuing in the Inboratory on June 10.



New York




New York

R. B. Friend (June 24): The insect is in flight and appears as
abundant as last er. Adults have been reared from western
yellow pine collected in a nursery ne.r New Haven.

R. D. Glasgow (June 14): The moth has become increasin_.1y
destructive to pines, particularly to Pinus resinosa and P.
ponderosa, in some parts of southeastern New York. This insect
is a serious pest also of P. montana var. mughus, to P. sylves-
tris, and to P. nigra, and occurs on other species of pine as
well. It has been reported by inspectors of the State Bureau of
Plant Industry and by scouts of the State Conservation Depart-
ment from many parts of the State. It is reported to be par-
ticularly well established also in Iiagn.ra County.

A TIP :.'OTH (Qvetria albicapitana B-asck)

H. L. Bailey (June 25): Adults were found in considerable
number about a lhrge Jaci: pine plantation on State game preserve
at Milton, June 13. The work of this species had previously been
confused with that of E. comstocdiana Fern. in this plantation
and probably elsewhere in the State.

WHITE-PIINE WzVIL (Pissodes strobi Peck)

H. B. Peirson (June): The wvhite-pine weevil was reported
June 21 at Augusta as very abund&nt. Tops of weeviled trees
just wilting.

SPRUPJJCE SAWFLY (Neodiprion abietis Harr.)

H. B. Peirson (June): The spruce sawfly was observed at
Alfred June 14 defoliatinig pitch pine.

PI1TE BARK APHID (Pineus strobi Htg.)

E. 7. Mendenhall CJune 22): Pine bark aphids (Chermes pini-
corticis Fitch) were found quite bad on Austrian pine in a
nursery near Springfield.

A GALL MIT2 (_riophyes pini IT.'l.)

R. D. Glasjow (June 14): M1ite gall specimens, possibly the
work of the Buropean pine mite, have been received from western
New York, where they were collected from young Scotch pine trees
that are said to have been shi-:pei into the State 4 or 5 years
ago from a nursery in the Middle W7est.




New York
New Jercoy


New England


New York


COTTONWOOD LE.2 BEETLE (Chrysomela scriotn. Fab.)

H. B. Peirson (J-unoe): Reported June 14 in Jim Pond Township
quite heavily feeding in large stand of poplars.


SPRUCE IFEEDLE ,:IITER (Eoinotia nanana Treit.)

H. B. Peirson (June): The spruce wcbworm was reported June
3 as quite general along the coast. Reports from inland cities
are also being received.

J. V. Schaffner, jr. (June 17): Observations were made June
2 to 4 in spruce areas in Cumberland, Saj-adrhoc, and Lincoln
Counties. Infestation is generally light, except in vicinity
of Christmas Cove, where it is quite severe, with from 35 to 50
per cent of the needles brown from the mining. Many trees in a
weakened condition from past infestations show an improvement
this spring.

SPRUCE MITE (Paratetranychus uniunguis Jacobi)

E. P; Felt (June 24): The spruce mite is locally abundant
producing copious webbing on Norway s',rices in Westchester County,
N. Y., and lionritclair, N. J.

J. N. Knull (June 3): The red spider has been abundant on
Norway and Colorado blue spruce in various parts of Frrnklin


EUROPEA WILLOW BEETLE (Placioder. versicolora Laich.)

E. P. Felt (June 24): The willow leaf beetle is extremely
abundant, defoliating groups of willows here and -here in
southern 17ew Eriglnnd.

W. E. Britton (June 23): Severe injury to smooth-leaf willow
in some of the pa-ils in the vicinities of New Haven and West

E. P. Felt (June 24): The willow leaf beetle is extremely
abundant, defoliating groupss of willows in southeastern New York.






MEXICAN MEALYBUG (Fnenacoccus ggossypii Towns. & Ckll.)

W. P. Flint (June 15): A survey of the greenhouses in Illi-
nois has shown that this mealybug is widely distributed over
the State outside of the northeast section. While this s-e-
cies has been found in several greenhouses in Cook County it
is not generally distributed there. It is a serious -oest of
Chrysanthemums, geranium, and -oot and bedding plants.

GR T.HOUSE CE:TIPErE (Scutigerella immaculata Newp.)

W. P. Flint (June 15): This -pest co-rnoletely destroyed sweet
peas and chrysanthemum cuttin-s in raised benches at Des

A THRIPS (Heliothrips femoralis Reut.)


r. P. Flint (June 15): In a recent survey of greenhouses
in southern Illinois this thri-os was found to be a serious
pest of stevia, chrysanthemum, calla, snapdragon, and smilax.
Greenhouse men have not been troubled with this thri-ops until

A WEEVIL (Pseudocneorrhinus setosus Roelofs)



New York

W7. E. Britton (June 8): This Japanese weevil was first col-
lected in 1ewv Haven in 1920. More s-oecimens wore taken in
19231 and 1922. Species was identified by G. A. X. Marshall
of the British Museum in 1923 (Conn. Bull. 256, p. 313, 1924).
?e found it feeding upon burr mari-old, Bidens sp.. A hedge of
California privet perhaps 50 feet in length and a row of Japa-
nese barberry at one residence were stri-oped in 1931. Con-
siderable injury has been done this season at "West Haven.


AEBOR7ITAE L2AF Yi=' (Argyresthia thuiella Pack.)

H. B. Peirson (June 10): The arborvitae leaf miner is very
abundant throughout the .-rcqater part of the State.

E. P. Felt (June 24): The arborvitae leaf minor is reported
as abundant in the Adirondackrs about Saranac L.-i2-e.




GLADIOLUS THPIPS (Taeniothri-os gladioli M.& S.)

Mi chi gan

Call fornia

New York


v. I. McDaniel (May): Specimens of this insect wore collected
Aoril 15 at East Lansing.

Monthly .ev.'s Letter, Los Angeles Co. Agri. Comm. (May 28):
A careful ins-oection of commercial gladiolus since the finding
of infestations in four plantingss in the County, located at
three different localities: La Habra Hei-hts, Manhattan Beach,
.nd San Gabriel. It appears from the s-irvey that the infesta-
tion in Los Angclcs County is comparatively limited.


A CURCULIONID (.o..on'.ch'.r, vulhcculus Fab.)

C. R. Crosby (June 9): Beetles of this insect were received
from Canastota where they were attnc1cin; iris buds. 'ny
soecim-nens have also been received from Salem" Center.

IRIS `r=R (.croyoct u onusta Grote)

2. "1. Mcndenhal! (May 31): The iris borer has put in its ap-
pear.anice again in Franklin County and in some plantin,:s it is
quite bad.

LOX BUG (_Loide dia Sy)
ThIE'OX BUG (Lo2i~doo -icdia Sny)

M r' an d

J. A. Hyslop (June 28): Lar-e numbers (10 to 15 to the plant)
are on erenn-ial -ohlox plants in -:" ,: rdcn at Avancl -,nd ap-
pear to bo associated with a nosaic-likc disease.

P(TIVTu biocultu cG.)
A "IT3 (T on uirpalus biocubotuc MeG.)


2. P. Felt (Jx'rc 24): The nrivct nitc is c'icr"-irll- prcvalent
in Gre.n"ich a-v1l -rcsumably in that rc:,ion crunin :-.rreciable
injury to SOIr hedCes.


3OT' LXr '.57TL= (:o todonota vl'n-cticollit; Say)

Mr,r 7lanC d

". 1^. Corv (June 23): The rose lc nl be, t'c is r-oorted from
ov1r tlc Statc.



M. P. Zappeo (June 20): Very abundant feeding on a large
variety of plants in lT< Haven County. They appear to be more
abundant than usual.

ROSE CURCULIO (Rhynchites bicolor Fab.)


M. H. Swenk (June 20): During the first week in June the
rose curculio was troublesome on roses in Cuming County.

EASPB=LRY C=KE BOER (Oberea bimraculata Oliv.)

Mi ssi ssi--oi

C. Lyle (June 23): nose twigs showing rather severe injury
which had probably been caused by 2_. bimaculnta were received
from Biloxi on June 7.

ROSE S.7TFLY (Caliroa aethiops Fab.)




District of



E. W. Mendenhall (June 18): The rose bushes on low:ns in
Fairfield County are in a good many cases very badly injured.

M. H. Swenk (June 20): The rose slug was very troublesome
on roses in eastern cbraska during the first week in June.

G. M. Bentley (June 22): The rose slug is moderately abun-
dant throujiout eastern Tennessee.

BRISTLY :iOSE SLUG (Cladius isomerus Nort.)

W. Middlton (June 1): Reports comin- to/indicate that the
bristly rose slug is quite abundant around 'Th:hington. It
also seems to be accompanied by an abundance of rose aphids.

C. R. Willey (June 25): Practically all the roses in the
city of Richmond are being defoliated by the bristly rose slug.

STH2LIPS (Thysanootera)

C. 2L. Tilley (June 1): Thrins are causing much trouble in
Richmond on roses. They seem to be very numerous this s-oring
and m'nnv rose buds have become blasted.

BACCK VITE 'i'FVIL (Brachyrhinus sulc-tus F^j.)



7. 2. Britton (June 23): 77e receive frequent reports and ma-
terial indicating that tlhe roots have been eten from Taxus by
the grubs.
A SCALE (Pulvinaria s-p.)
E. P. Felt (June 24): A taxus scale (Pulvinaria sp., probably
near floccifgra) wvas received from Sharon, the twigs showing
a somen hat severe infestation.


I N S E C T S A .T T A C K I N G M A N A ;7 D


MOSQU'ITOBS (Culicinac)

Dc I v.' are

L. A. Stearns (June 23): A State-wide s'rvcv indicates 12
species -rescnt in varying abundance. Ar-nrently ;-ill be a
,bad mosquito ye-r in sections of the State.

MIDGES (Chironomnidae)




E. Y. Cory (June 23): Troublesome at a vacation cirp on the
North East idver...

D. C. Mote (roy 18): A serious epidemic of midges is occur-
ring around the lower shore of Upper Kl--xtth Lake. Millions
of the flies strike the wind shields and lodge in the radiators
of autos driving along the Lake. Iumrerous cone-shared .warms
are observed pyramiding up from the bushes and buildin,--:s and
other objects along the road. They alight on the sides of
houses, on weeds, shrubbery, brush, evcry7.hcre. On the porch
of one home near the lake several quarts of dead flies in wind-
rows were observed. The porch had been swept the day before.
Spider webbing on sides of houses and bushes catches the flies,
making an excee Iin17 unsightly mass.

R. Bogue (May 9): A great deal of sickness in Santa Paula
and Ventura was caused this month from a s-oecies of midge fly
getting into the water supply and wells of this vicinity. Ap-
proximately four hundred human cases have been reported so far.

EY GIT.\TS (Hi.,.lntes spp.)

G. H. Bradley a-nd T. E. McITcel (June 6): Hincelates sp. is
very a-moyiri- at Gainesville, Lcesburg, r nd Zellwood.


ST~A2LE FL~Y (St?-To;-,y. c-ilcitrrnis L.)

Mi s souri


L. Hascr,)r. (June 20): Population's greatly increased
during the month.

M. H. Swcnk (June 20): Stable flies began to be troublesome
about June 6, and have continued so to date. This is gcnrr-'lly
true over our s uthcrn c eastern counties.

Flo ri da


North Dakota

F. D. Butcher (June 18): G. nasalis L. and G. ho.c-.rrh-idnlis
L. have b'-n vi-nnsiting this V eek.

BLACKI BLOTFLY (FlPhrmT a rogina Meig.)

North D61c.nta

United States

H. J. Brush (June 13): Shee maggots are noticeable where
shee- have scoured bndly in Stuts-nan County.


I 1: S E C T S

TEM:I' S (,eticulitermes spp.)

T. E. Snyder (May): During the rnonth of May 233 caFses of
ter-ites were reported to the Bureau of Zntomology. The fol-
lowing list gives the number of cases reported from each sec-
tion: New England, 2; Middle Atlantic, 79; South Atlantic, 53;
East Central, 22; North Central, 9; West Central, 15; Lovw'er
Mississinni, 43; Pacific Coast, 10.

ADG7Tl 2 A TT (Irido-nyr-nex hu-nilis Mayr)

South Carolina

Mi ssi ssippi


P. D. Sanders (June 7): A. Lutken and I began mapping in-
festations in the follovving towns: Grcer, one block infested;
Spartanburg, generally infested; and Greenville, lightly

P. D. Sanders (May 26): An infestation of I. humilis w'as
found at 71eatherby, 8 miles northeast rf Xoxciusko on the
Vaiden road. It w-as reported to the Mississippi State Plant

PEA VEEVIL (Bruchus pisorun L.)

D. C. Mote (May 23): Pea weevils laying eggs at Corvallis.
,7ot all out of hibernation on that d&te, "lay 8. A. 0. Lar-


246- 3 1262 09244 5872

Textas .7 LL.akc (Juno 10): S:'abie flies are :,.tr cr .-c ,-e.aft xT--
ent. The nv.:r- e nmznber of flies ner :nim-'l ,u-rin:, last vc. ec,
When my observations v'er.e made, did not exceed 10.

Missouri L. Hase-nan (June 20): Thecir to'ulltions he Ere-tl increased
during the month.

Tex'n> D3. C. P-:---. (,a.y 31): Horn flies on cattle .t Uvnlde r:ingo
from a few on e-ch -animal to nossibl'- 2,500 at tines; recently
an avcr'-c of .np-,roxinn.toly 250 to 500 ocr anim-l about nor'.al
or sli^-tly, less. .

H. P-rish (M.a,1 30): The sit -a'tion in ''na Count is a
rather serious nne at the Dresent ti-ne. Yestcrda. I hrd the
opportunity of observing about 275 head of steck in a corral at
the 'Spock r- '.,: in the no rth'c stcrn p-art of the County. I do
not believe, thrt I have ev.x observed an, more "..orn flies on
cattle r:t anIy ti-c of the year. Th. nunbor on each ani-ial is
hard to cstimatc, but I thi.-hn a vcry con;r7.'ativc ctimatc
v.ould bc between 800 and. 1,000. All bulls observed wore very
heavily infested. I was tl::in( to foremcn last we.c at ranchos
in t he snuthcr-ei mrt of Schlichcr Cou-nty .and th: were com-
plaini ng; about the ,.-,iance of flies. It is -my opinion that
horn flies arc more aoun-&,nt this year than they have been in
several years.

E. 7. Lao!:' (June 10): The average n-ber of horn flies per
iil during the last Wedek did not exceed 20 to 25 on dairy
stock at iallas. I W-as tola at ncarly every dairy that I visited
tha-t horn flies were extrc:ely a-bundant o' about the 15th to th
last of May. Most of the dairyc-n estim-ated the number of flies
per animal a.t fro-" 200 to 300. '

0. G. Babcock (June 11): The horn fly is subsidin- to a sliht
extent at Son'ra. The number of flies per animal will ra:-'e
from 0 to .1,000. On a few co,,- " "avin orns the flies were
m-nassed at the base of the horn tor a distance of about three-
quarters of an inch. In two coaes the flies wore massed -n the
bac: side of. the horn- for' 'ditanc'3of 3 to 4 inches.

HOHS3, BOTFLIS(srhils spp.)
'rth ';ota J. A. .unre (Juc 18): '-irsc otflies D-'. Tut in their ann-
ocarncec in McKcnzie Cunt acc'irdin& t, vorit from Z. A. cn-
dricT.---,., County .'tc-ii n ,t.