The Insect pest survey bulletin


Material Information

The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]


Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:

Full Text


~ p




A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States.
issued on the first of each month from April to November, inclusive.

Volume 5 July 1, 1925 Number 4










Vol.5'.:.A, July 119: 5 l No. 4


The outstanding feature for the month and in fact for the entire spring and
early simr is the general destructive prevd]*eYcte of cut'.,o'ms extending from noie
.tb Oregon and south to the. G.Ulf, pTra6ticailly evet? State from .ihich reports we-.'e ,
received mentioning their serious abundance'. "

S..Thp chinch b:', is appearing inr threatening .numbers in south-central Illinciq,
6out+jwestern ,Mis;oin '.N.',stbraska,' aind Kansas,, and these insects are reported as more
troublesc&e 'than Vhiey have been in the past 18 years in/Yazoo-1kississ-ippi 1yelta "'

Considering the country asa ,who 'the asshopper'situation is not serious.
nh.the Crea-t )lins, region they.4 appear t,o. be less numerQus .'than they have been fo.,r
the last years. ... :.

h: Xh.te. grubs are.generally numerous and destructive ,in the Mississippi, Valley
and heal:-y lights of beetles are reported from Pennsylvania...,. .

The Hessian fly situation has not materially changed .from the condition re-
ported ldst month. ...

The staik borer is appearing in unusually destructive numbers in the east-
cehtral States.. .. "
The codling moth appears to be more numerous than usual in .Indiana, Illinois,
asd Arl- ng ,s.'t'd "he tent cat.erpi'lar seems to be as serious as last .oat over Hew
E n g l a n d .. : : : .. .

The plum curculiy situation seems to be very favorable over. the southern peach
belt.- '' .

The seRd corn maggot is reported a s nore or less destructive tb" truck crops in
New -"-.., Oh.o, 1jineonsin. Nebras.k.a, ax.: 0 ,r on.

n Ohio and- Indiana the banded flea beetle has been'unusualfay -.6srTuctive this

The mo^t serious infestation by garden slugs attacking truck and other plants
is recorded from Sonoma and Sacro-:ento Counties,' Cc!i'brnia.
S The toa 'suckfly is reported for the first'titne as apest ih Mis-isisippi,
.ard the. tomato weevil has been reported frcuim Escambia County, FJorida.
.. .. c, Bge mraggot is reported .fr.u New York State westwa-rd through Ohio to
Indian,, ..l.. and Wiseponin, and c-lso reported as doing considerable carra71 in
r Qn -" ..

- .151.i -

- 152 -

A very interesting report was received fror lr. R. R. McLean, through Mr.
T. D. Urbahns to the effect that ScaptozLvzg. terminalis Loew (Drosophila terminalis
Loew) has destroyed 20 carloads of cauliflower in San1 Diego'County, California.
This species has never previously been recorded as a serious pest. The only re-'
cords we have are: "on radish leaves", Berkeley, Calif., White mountains, I H.,
Mesilla Park, New Mexico, and Sitka, Alaska.

In the western half of the cotton belt there is little likelihood of more than
local damage by the boll weevil unless reasonably rainy weather prevails during the
next 30 days or more. The cotton aphid is reported as generally prevalent over
the cotton belt extending from Tennessee and Illinois southwestward over Texas.

A rather serious outbreak of one of the tiger moths, Atantesis oithono Stkr.,
is reported from eastern and southern Mississippi, and the beet amnyworm is very
seriously damaging the cotton in s-outh-central California.

Tobacco has been seriously injured by cutworms and webworms in the southern
tobacco belt and the worst outbreak of the eastern field wirewormnn ever recorded in
the shade-growing tobacco section of the Connecticut Valley is reported this year.
In this latter region crane flies are also seriously infesting the tobacco.

An undetermined species of Trichobaris is reported as attacking tobacco in
Arizona and New Mexico.

The lime tree spanworm is generally prevalent and in places seriously numerous
in the forest areas of Iew England and New York State.

We have failed to confine the occurrence of Brood XXI1V of the periodical cicada
in the southern Mississippi Valley and Brood XVI in Nebraska.

A leaf beetle, belonging to the Colaspis brunnea complex, is defoliating pine
over a very considerable area in Mississippi and Louisiana, the Louisiana infesta-
tion extending over 15 miles.

The sticktight flea infestation was greater in southwestern Texas this spring
than it has been for many years and the losses in egg production and young chickens
were very heavy.


The most striking entomological feature in Canada for June is the great preva-
lence of cutworms of various species in al ost every province of the Dominion, par-
ticularly in the Prairie Provinces.

In the Prairie Provinces extensive areas are infested; the red-backed cutworm
being the principal species in Manitoba and Saskatchewan and the pale western cut-
wom in Alberta. Although the infestation in Iranitoba is widespread, severe damage
is largely localized, but in Saskatchewan the worst damage is occurring over a broad
belt of country extending from North Battleford and Prince Albert in the north to
R -ina and Yorkton in the south. The area most affected in Alberta is situated
northeast of Calgary, centering on Morrin and Drumheller, where much of the grain
crops have been destroyed.

- 153 -

Cutworns are also reported doin7 extensive injury to ma-y kinds cf field and
-.'.Jen crops at points in the Maritime Provinces, southern OnUt:r.o, and 'ritish

71_re.:orms, principally Ludius aereipe.nnis Kirby and, tc a lesser exrer .t,
.Cr;o-r^ nolojiy cLS j -,. ,^_Esch., have caj,:ea. widespread injury to seed d c.u rn southern Reports of severe dsoa,-e by wire':.mons hIve
been received also frcm the Treesbank district, "'anitoba, and from the 'ewv Dayton
and Yorerast districts, Alberta.

Tr.e rose chafer is very abundant and destructive in several of the sandy sec-
tions of southern Ontario.

Canker'z.-ns have caused defoliation in many ne7ected apple orchard', in 'rll-
ladL. -,)1z10n ma,- Co ne _ecev happe .orcer: n L7
land, Lincol.]; WYent-iorth, and Brant Counties, Ontaric. The hnave been troi' clore
also in orchards of the Annapolis Valley, N. S., and in the wvoodid country at Ca-.n-
eau Point, Que.

The tent caterpillar outbreak in southern Saskatchewan has been as severe ns
in 1.92, despite the high percentage of mortality due to par-- a C- ,,t
yea-". Tejit caterpillars have been complained of as troruble;.- 5n or; ^. "r
Lower Fraser Valle, 3. C. and in the i.errmingford district, Q:.bec. "ey litte
trouble has oeen experienced this year in the Maritie i rovr.ces.

The larch case bearer- is abundant on larch throughout Ne2' u Brurwxick and is
severely defoliating tamarac.ks throughout the A"-:"aprolis Valley; N. S.

The oak and hickory plant bugs, J..ij_ cuc-rc Lba K.-.t. andL ...--"iKrgt. are
agai; aicnda' ard in ma y ea-n crcnaI.s in the Niagsa 'j issrJ';t, CrOntario.

S-',- cridiiae and Lrcusti.dae)
GR,-:. S^:CPER (Acridiidae and Locustidae)


7 iss ouri


F. S Chr.,ber!ir. (June 19): Grasshoprer attacks, although rather
see.'-oe earl., in the tobacco-grow. ing season, have r-.'" cepked. 2The
spe,;'.-s :.o-' comnron at Quincy this season were are.noI. .. tri2.01
i?.ey, y i.r)n I" ....ron pj^_-" S "C!:c-e fIl Chorloahc.iraa q. ..4o..
De ,-'G Y:. (,rSl." '- j U- ., and .Q ... s I JL..c-"'1, -

L. E2.S-.'i, ljunr 2J): ; As yet no complaints of real grasshopper
dztw,.e a .ve ae un to core i-T.o the office, but frcm fieid oserva-
tjnrjj c~a .ra-iers are ui'dant throughout different sections
ti rs -- s::i, ,,es are quite ....
o.1 o. d and if -: .i -;e season unusually dry weather should
develop, we shuall prcoably have a c-onsiderable number of coolaine ..

M. H. P'.venk (::ay 25-June 25): The first reports of trouble with
grasshoppers n -.- State were received June 19 from D.'es County.

- 154 .-

Mississi ri R. VT. Harned (June 22): Reports regariirng grasshopper injury are
received fr-m scattori-.- locali-ities throughout the State. .'.laronluE
'a -, li .. a7 T'r-rotroeis citriyna Scudd. are the species reos' in
eViInoel. *. A. cLei2ore reported these insects as havir.2 srrious-
ly injured poaches in Pearl River County durir.q May. rarla: i I
June, the r-7r species were reported as ruining garden crops in
I-'i,.^oba County.

Kansas J. W, McColloch (Junre 21): Grasshoppers are beginning to make
their apeamrance in several sectior.ns of the State, eas shown by re-
ports coi', : t his oftie.

Texas IV. A. aker ;.'ay 25): The fanmers have been given temporary re-
lief, a7, >-v-., r s a result of the rains bringing on a large a..cunt
of nat 2 ,; ,"-at i. The .itensity of the infestation in propor-
ti; e. .out of tov le food has been materially reuc-d.
Cro :.:' that vco ph.anted to .* acres each of corn and cottor.n
.'U.: ccnpletely covered and surrounded with water during the recent
r .. for a distance cf two niles, except for high places and levees.
All e.-'cept about -n acre of cotton was completely eaten up 'ceore
the rains and the corn was rapidly suffering the same fate after
the ra..-.i-. To, ]-e hoppers concentrated on the high points during
the overl'lcw and had i`mediatelv..returtAed to the field after the
water had sui.-jided.

H.S AM.i3r (May 2): Grcch'rrers are becoming quite noticeitle
in the ?P.z-io.'. action .. .r presence in alfalfa and grass
fel :,i. o. ..... ubers e 'Iry e-rident although little dam-
ac h-s bcr, ... ..o .I T nce of grasshoppers in
lar .,,.:' e i.: sij-.....'hat ..later -, vear than usu':., probably
ov>". .. to tio ,' .. of rin earlier in the season.

South Deakota H. C. $oc'ri (Jun0 25): Graichoppers are less ni.erous with us
this :/s-,' than th.-. h1 fr:=- the in Ooutn I." .ota.

Montana Str-.'.'rt Loc I'ooi (.-y 2r): The '.onon crickets are fairly well
scat re'J o"'r t:: t';o ro::thv'c rn co'. .ies. They are not quite
as IV'. c .' t -,-;L h'7 Rr he' Ist t,:o years. I did not see
as rl"<-' -r.., r.-..r" ( Irge in the territory covered as
"I h "1 ^r to o"in T y ar- now in the ::. r, four-th, and
fi.tb :'.r; a'j, a e :;j- l r ,. i eo'arCe tie e rave! :. Very
few *"' "3 <'.ry.';e-. near culti .'. ed crops, though
some of w-' wc-e ''thi.n e ',:: r.'-e of the few isola' f?.-I:.s I
saw. For- the nc t p'A't, however, they promise to do more dar.age
by fr to the r'.; ;.-ses t1k.t to field c-c.,s.
.h"er-e in no dnuIt in .d.y :-i.,A tliat consit-ierble day,.:.ce will accrue
to ;., far-er3 r..r that. many more, 'Lecause of the fear of the crick-
ets .n th: .op, will li-rp on t-he farms and attempt to make their
liv'.,.- in the oil f.-elds ard other places. Th.e country is mourn-
tai'ou-,, quite broken, rnd in a considerable ps-+. of the area.
crop-.?. the soil is such that the ultimate success of farnning
small crops is very problemr-tical.

-- .155 -


(June 8): The numbers of Melanoplus atlanis in Montana are
not as large as last year. Considerable damage is being done
by this insect in the dry-farming regions of Stillwater County.
Melanoolus bivittatus Say, now ranging from the first to the
fifth nymphal instar, numbers from 10 to 50 to the square yard
in many rather restricted localities in the irrigated valley of
the Stillwater Ri'ver. This also applies to Camnula pellucida

Stewart Lockwood (June 8): The Mormon cricket, Anabrus simplex
Hald., has been observed in very large numbers in the 7intah
Basin in Utah and in Hoffat and Rio Blanco Counties, Colorado.
The area infested seems to be of the same size as for the last
three years and the number of crickets about the same. The
same species has been reported to this office as present in
more or less destructive numbers in Sanders County, Montana,
and in Fremont and Hot Springs Counties, Wyoming, and is prov-
ing to be a serious pest in Washakie County, where it is report-
ed by the county agent to be in much larger numbers than it has
ever been observed. Some of the crops have been lost.

WHITE GRUBS (Phyllopha a spp.)






E. M. Patch (May 25): Several nearly grown larvae were sent
from Caribou with the report, "We found them first last fall in
our orchard, where they had completely undermined the sod and
at the ends of the potato rows adjoining had eaten deep holes
into the potatoes. This spring, when plowing, found many of
them ."

A. I. Bourne (May 26): ?Ie noted the first June bugs at Amherst
flying about the night of May 10, somewhat earlier than was the
case last year.

T. L. Guyton (May 29): June beetles are coming to lights in
great numbers in the vicinity of Harrisburg, probably marking
the appearance of the brood. (June B): I am sending specimens
of June beetles, Phyllovhaga inversa Horn, which are coming to
lights in great numbers in the vicinity of Harrisburg, probably
marking the appearance of the brood.

F. C. Bishop (May 27): May beetles have been present in num-
bers around lights and on trees at Columbus during warmn nights
since May 10.

J. J.Davis (June 24): More injury, especially to corn, than was
anticipated from third-year grubs. This was no doubt largely
due to weather conditions.

E. L. Chambers (June 10): Many strawberry growers are complain-
ing of white grubs but they do not seem to be any more serious
than last season.

- 156 -



Kans as


Maine and



C. E. Mickel (Juine 13): There is a rather serious outbreak of
white gruibs in 'the scuc;hw-estern corner of the State, principally
in cck County.-_, Thee cour.ty agent that there are about
3,000 acres infested, but the area may be larger than this. The
grubs also did considerable damage last year and are very plenti-
ful in the same fields this..year. ,

M. H. Swenk (May 1-25):. Complaints of white gr-ubs destroying
lawns and working in gardens in southeastern Nebracka continued
to be received during May. Tke flights of May beetles, however,
have been very light this spring.

J. W. McColloch (June 6): At fel'ington the adults of Phv3o-.a-a
lCnceolata Say are appearing in countless'thousands in'the fields,
while in Gray County last week I found the beetles abundant in.
wheat fields near Copeland. (June 21):: The adulWs p.e appear-.
ing in countless thousands in the wheat fieldss according to reports
from the Sumner County fann adviser.

F. L. Thomas (May 2.1):., A correspondent from Ralls writes that
they have wingless May beetles Phylloph_ cribroa Le6c., *every
year, but this year they seem to be worse than eve6i.

CU O mS (Noctuidae)

J.V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 2): A great amovu of danage is being
done through eastern Massachusetts, especially in the small gardens.
One report from Augusta, Me., stated that in one acre of straw-
berries 90 per cent were destroyed and another from Portland te-
ferred to them as quite abundant and feeding on s.all lettuce,
carrots, and celery.

A. I. Bourne (June 22): I find that cutworr.s -re the outstanding
pestrs in all sections of the State. One writer reported finding
29 to 30 cutworms in the soil close to an injured tomato plant.
Tobacco growers have- been .unusually hard hit this season where
the combination of cutworms and, to a somewhat lsser extent,
wireworms has meant resetting large areas of theit fields. In
some cases resetti!gy has had::to be done .tv'o or three times.
Prof. Koon has rtportei that o'r th.e mfaret-garden region
around Boston practically all'-vegetab3es ha-.e been injured more
or les., He states that the present year's infestation is the
worst he hes ever o,3sezed and in acme cases he has estimated
dr..... .e to the crop up to 50 per cent.

W. E. Britton (June 24): An unusual amount of injury by cutworms
to all vegetable crops all over tho State. They are apparently
more abundant than in the average year* .

Rhode Island

New York

A. E. Stene (June 20):
earlier in the season.

R. G. Palmer (June 13):

Cutworms were abundant in a few places

Very abundant in the muck areas of Orleans

- 157 -



Wis co ns in


South Dakota



Mis s issippi

H. A. Gossard (June 23): One of the Hadena stalk borers, probably
fractilinea Zell.,was received from Akron June 17, wvh:rre it was
said to be doing considerable damage attacking corn.

J. J. Davis (June 24): Reports of injury to various crops, par-
ticularly to corn, were received from many sections of the State
prior to June 2. No reports have been received since that date.

E. L. Cha.oers (June 10): Several complaints have been received
from sufferers from cutworms and a few specimens have been received
from the southern part of the State.

J F. Dudley,'Jr. (June 15): There has been an unusual outbreak
of cutworms, probably of several species, through the latter part
of May and first of June attacking general crops in the southern
part of the State. Many-complaints have come in from farmers.

R E. Wall (June 13): Many reports have been received concerning
cutwormn outbreaks. They seem to be more numerous than they have
been for the last few years. At this date many of them are already
changed to the pupal stage.

H. C. Severin (June 1): Cutworms of several species were exceed-
ingly abundant over South Dakota this spring. The damage done was

M. H. Swenk (May 1-25): In spite of the cool, backward character
of most of the month of May, only a few reports of injury by cut-
worms in rcorfield wore received, -though there was a woral amount
of complaint of th1ir injuries in gardens. (May 25-June 25):
*aedi lately follow'1-ng May 25 reports begc-an cou'ing in nmerously.
The period of heaviest injury was May 27 to Jure 9, and although
more or less cutting of corn took place over practically the whole
of the State inju-y was especially severe inr. the cornfields of the
sandhill regioa wher-e the dark-sided cutworm, Euxoa rees-oria Harr.,
was apparently the principal offender.

J. W. McColloch (June 21);: caused a heavy loss to corn
in tJewell, E;. Pot-r atomie, Greenwood, and Lincoln Counti-s.
It was necessary in many cases to replant whole fields.

R. 97 a HA.rned (June 22)- From the southern and western part' of
tE.'. 'J+e r-.y ,'ospla>int3 have been received in regard to cutwcm
inL.T'.r;/ to varn.: us crops.
On June 15 a report was received from Holmes County that in an
8-acre field of cotton there were 2 acres where 90 per cert of the
cottcrn. had been cut down by eutworms. The specimens rece.i-,'ed from
thi-s placo v.'ere determined by H. W. Allen as mostly the shagreened
cutwor-., Feltia ra'.efida Guen., with a few specimens of the granu-
lated cutlaoinT, Yeltia r nnexa Treit.


- 158 -

0 region

North Dakota

On April 28 J. A. T.cLemore reported cutwornms doing serious
de-.age in and .i-ar Picayune to cweet-.potato plants, corn, cotton,
c.,J all kinds of garden and truck .crops.
On Hay 12 H. 71. Knight, of Collins, reported that one van collect-
ed 4,OCO cutworms on a 4-acre field of cotton and that ab'ut helf.
af a 15-acre field belonging to another man'had been destrc ed by
them. The worms received were determined by H. W. Alien as Fe]tia
ar r.xa .
On June 15 N,. D. Peets,,of Laurel, sent in a large number of cut-
worms "..ith the statement, "These cutworms are doing ccnsiderable
damage to soyLbe.ns, I found from 1 to 7 cutwonrms in most cf the
hills ea: n-d. Tr-ze e,/era determined by H. W. Allen as rostly
the granulated cut".-orn, Felta annexa, with some of the shagreened
cutworm, Fel.ia n31cf."..a, among them. .-

Don C. Mote (April 22): The.. county agent qf Baker County reports
gray cutr-..rm doing serious damage to alfalfa on one r.nch. The
wronis are present in all sizes. This cutwofm did hea;.y damage
15 years ago, feeding up till the middle of June according to

B.ONfZFD CUT;'"O (Nephelodes minians Guen.)

Herbert -Osborn (May 28): During the last week or two we have
had numerous reports in pasture and meadow lands of cutworms, or,
as they have sometimes been termed, "armyworms." In two cases
where specimens have been submitted, these-have proved to be the.
bronze cutiorm, Uephelodes minians.

14. A. Gossard (June 23): The bronze cutworm has, of course,
ceased c;:-e in central Ohio. We estimated that from 4,000
to 6,00 acres of pasture in Licking County and surrounding
counties; *i'ere cozietel.y devoured by this insect. Since a
po.. ;lral disease wa, pre-ent among them, we are not expecting
any hea.y brood cf moths ithis sum-uner ard fall.

PALE ,.w- ,'. CUiDMF, (P-rosearotis crthovonia Morr;)

C. i. Aimslis (June 168: One of the interesting facts connected
with the t,-o:.y (?) subsidence of the r1le western cutworm in
Vweter- North "..Xo a is the almost total disapperance of Calosoma
adults in the. wh--.-'. fields of that reGion. TnhFse predacious
bee'les multiplid durit.. the recent cutworm outbreak and were
corn n moat f-.eld, '.vhile their larvae attacked the cudtworms
underground. A7 present they are .very rarely seen.

ABMY CUm1o:0. (Chiorizogrotis auxiliaris Grote)


M. H. Swenk (M-ay 1-25): Heavy flights of the moth of the army
cutwori, began to be reported fYom southwestern Iebraska during
the week of HIay 18 to 23 and the moths are also appearing abund-
antly as far to the eastward as Lancaster County.

- 159 .

Nebraska and

Kans ao

M. H, Swenk (May 25-June 25): Heavy flights of themoth of the
army cutwor.m continued through western Nebraska until the end of
May, when they abruptly ceased. From eastern 'iyoLiixg, however,
a report of great flights of these moths as late as June 8 was

J. W. McColloch (June 21): The adults have been very abundant
over the State during the last of May and the first two weeks of

BLACK-LIND CUT070P' (.` rotis fennica Tausch.)


New York




E. M. Patch (June 1): Last-instar larvae. County agent at Hope
reports, "They eat 'one row of peas and then move on to the next."
(June 9): County agent at Portland writer, "This caterpillar
has been raising havoc with the Cape farmers, eating beets, cauli-
flower, cabbage, and peas. They strip an acre of cabbage in one

F. B. Morris (TIay.21): Specimens were received from Oswego. They
destroyed a whole field of lettuce and part of a bed of spinach.

R. H. Pettit (iT'y'26): The courinty agent at Ewen writes as follows,
"I found the worms present over an area 10 or 12 miles lorn and 5
on 6 miles wide. Wherever the second-growth timber had not been
killed by the fire, we found very few worms, but where the fire
had killed nearly all vegetative growth and lact year only fire-
weed was growing, the worms were very thick." He believes there
is some relation between fireweed and these cutvwonrs. He says
further: "The worms have crawled off the cut-over land onto the
first row of farms next to the cut-over land. When they first
hit a farm they eat nearly everything in sight but are especially
fond of clover, strawberry plants, dandelions, and garden crops.
Plants which produce a blade, rather than a true leaf, do not seem
to be much atta-ked."
"One farmer tried spraying his strawberry plants with the same
arsenical material he used on his potato vinti ilast year. He re-
ceived about 95 per cent protection."

M'tEWOBHS (Elateridae)

A. I. Bourne (June 22): I have received one report froe a fruit
grower of northern Wo rcester County who is cooperating with the
Station on some of our projects, that he has observed click beetles
on young trees, apparently gouging out the bu,-. While this has
not yet assumed alarming proportions, in a few cases smal trees
were very seriously injured.

J. J. Davis (June 24):
ed May 21 at Orestes.

Injury to corn in bottom lands was report-

- 160 -



Louisiana "

New York


M. H.. S::r'.k (Hay .5-J-une 25): From Knox' -County we have a report.
of heavy injury to the* ycu-.- corn plants in a field on heavy toil
by the wvir ewor .',.elan+t,.: fissilis Say.. '.""irewonrs of an unidenti-
fied species were reported dcestr- ig celery plants in Lincoln
County. These reports were received during the second anid third
weeks in June.

A. G. Ruggles (June 13): 7"ireworms have e-sn reportedd from a
number of localities, but we hrve been unable to study the prob-
lem and hence d'O not .,'khow'the species.

T. E. Hollo:.ay .(ray 25.)-- ".t the. plantation near ora-c-a City where
wireworrs were seriously injuring sugarcanp last year, scarcely a
wireworm is now to be found. It is evident that they have trans-
formed to adults, some cast skins havin-; bien found. in the soil
and a few click beetl..,s collected.-.

',1HEBAT TIRF"OflP (Pa riro-s ranix S ay)

P. J. Chamra:: (1ay 31): Practically an enire'-field of sprouting
corn was destroyed at Sk.t:neateles.

EASTERN FIELD WTRD.'OD.; (L jrr ns _s Say)

VW.'E. Britton (June '3): I-write to repoort a serious situation
in the tobacco fields of this' State .where such' injiiry is bt_ng
caused by wireworms. InThv experience of .31 years in the State,
I have never known anythira so extensive. '-Vie visit-d. one plan-
tation yesterday where 8' ac.-s of tobacco are grown under cloth.
About 50 acres of this has beon rtnc'. by- wirew-ois -and sor-e of
it has been reset tv+;ice. The wireworams are n:.:'.. infurin, tire
third set of pl.nts. *Most of this hi has been in tob-i cc for
many years, though occasionally it is seeded and a]louvd to be
in sod for two or three years. Som e of it at leI -t has had a
cover crop of timothy during the winter, th' grazs b'ing plc.ed
under in the'ksprng..
'Ve have reported of 10 or a dozen growers "-:here considerable in-
jury has been c:.,ed, but the one mentioned is perhaps the worst
case. Alto-.ether, thousands' of 'dollars da_-'e has resulted.
V'e expec to carry ouxt scme expert: cts with chrbon-disulfide
t.mulsion and with c i. 0c(See alsc urn.Jer tobacco.)

A BUC (Ca1'ai'- sp.)

ihjss Lssippi

R. W. Har)id (June 22): A correspondents at Carllsl, in Ciai-
borne Co,-nty, sent in specier.s on 'ay -' with'the statement,
"They are ccmirt. out of my :, i-:..bor's .racow by tne il]ior.ns for
a distarca of several 1.':red' yex.1v, and have been the
road for several dza.s. 7e c..n not see that they are destroying
anything yt." Snocimens were deterin- d by "'. T... "cP.ter as
Gal.upha so., all n.,n ::.


'is s ou ri






CHINTCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)

V7. P. Flint (June 18): Less than one-fourth of an inch of rain
fell during Vay in most of the -central and south-central Illinois
Counties. The rainfall was also light during the first week in
June, giving ideal conditions for the chinch bug to multiply in
the area '.here it was nearly cleaned out last year. A few fields
in the south-central counties in this State now show a moderately
heavy infestation by chinch bugs. If the weather continues dry
for the remaind-'r of the summer, the insect will undoubtedly in-
crease to a point where it will again De a serious menace.

L. Haseman (June 25): In spite of the scarcity of the bugs last
year and the severity of the winter, chinch bugs are causing some
damage in scattered localities, particularly in the territory south
of the Missouri River and west of Central Missouri. Their migra-
tion at this time from wheat to corn is on.

Dwight Isely (June 20): During the past week there has been con-
siderable complaint of chinch bug injury to corn and sorghum in
northwestern Arkansas.

W. J. Baerg (June 25): Chinch bug injury reported from Crittenden,
Craighead, and Carroll Counties. This is the first important out-
break since 1914. Injury is severe over small areas.
R. W. Harned (June 22): Chinch bugs .are.. causing more darrage in
this State than at any time during the last 18 years. During 1910
many complaints were received in regard to chinch bugs, but they
were not as serious then as now. They .are rost serious in the
Yazoo-Mississippi Delta section of the State, but some complaints
have been received from all parts of !'issiseippi. Corn is the
chief crop that is being injured.

W. E. Hinds (June 15): I wish to report that the chinch bug is
appearing ar und Baton Rouge this season in unusual numbers and
is causing sone damage to cane and corn particularly. I have a
complaint of the pest also from Winneboro:, where they attack oats
and then move to sorghum and cane. .

south Dakota

H. C. Severin (June 25):
South Dakota a few years
trouble from chinch bugs

The chinch, bug outbreak that struck'
ago has abated. We do not expect any
this year.

- 161 -






M. H. Swenk (lay 25-June 25): The ary weather of the month of
May gave a great impetus to the 'already s.ri:,us asect of the
infestation of our wheat and rather cnmall srai:-.-s ,y chinch b-.s,
Y., they increased alarmingly in "h.-':.-. ar'a out t-'1ir-., in
my report of .ay 25 They ao ... ccM'e e.a y abu:dUnt in
many fields northward through !Lancaster County into southern
Sa-unders County, and over a larger portion of w-st-rn Otoe County
than we hid outlined on t-'ay '25. H...svy, beatir.-, rairs in early
June enormously reduced the nu,mers of the cjgs ov.?r a cnider-
able portion of the infested area. For exrz-rle, in scr.e fields
in eastern and southern Johnson Ccunvy, on June 19, thr bugs v;ere
found to have been reduced 50 rer cent cr more as compared with
their abundance in the same field tr--. d-bs earlier. The bucs
began moving in. Lancaster ard SauY.deIrs Counties on June 20 and
during the last five day's nirmerous -?rcrt; h. heavy r.i:raT -.o is
and losses of corn have been recziv.r'.. In site of the heavy
mortality among the bu^ in r.any e'.in. arly .une,
because of the beating rains, *here *"-il -'td be heavy
losses in many fields throrhc.Lt --he invested area.

J. W7. McColloch (June 21): Harvest has teen early this year
and the migration to the corn ard s:.*-'. .... U i-.'T ri. been 'on since
June 5. The first adults n-.f the ne':' crood a-e to
appear. It is difficult tr ecti.atot the dan-_ie to "..r'. by T.his
insect. In some cases parts cf fie-lds have ee.-ili There
will also be much shriveled grain. I'any farmers are using barriers
this year.

HESSIAN FLY (PT.L..vochap. d-st-uctor Say)

J. J. Davis (June 24): No counts have been mnade but rr--orts and
observations of fallen wheat irdic'te abundance of the Hessian fly
from the fall brood.

WI. P. Flint (June 18): Later ex9rinatiors by S. C. Chandler,
covering a wider range of the scuzi:-n Illinois cou e, have
shown this insect to be of little ':i s.-' in the
Counties of "-'nchin.-ton and Clinlon. I:- thie centr-i a.. north-
central parts of the State t ..h'- Ifs atcr. -uin a; o :' r*,.,---
ed in the l.ast number of the Survey. The -rea-'-her ha.s rer."ir.nd
so dry -nere was no indication of a sur.-l:z.e:-.tary
generation. 'Theat cuttir. is ro'w: in prc,-r,-s ;.:.:i i sG..-s ev6-
dent that there will be only the main generation during pre-
sent spring.

,M. H. Swer.k (May 25-June 25): The puparia ofc ths niin (or firs*)
spring brood of the Hessian fly tnh.t rer.- forn.d .n''ri,- the last
half of May did r.ot give forth as hea'y a sur'-.mirtrry (or secondP
spring brood as it wis fenr-d t'..y r.r.ilth rrr',lc. -+. the tizce cf vy
last report on May <5 Probably 3C tC '. per cnt of these ppari
gave forth their flies duringic June, nor!lyi in fiel's th'..t had been
already badly damage-i or ruined b'y -i-e m-t-an-n; of the min (or firs
brood. As to the distribution of the in.Uurv, there is little to
add to the statement maje in my report of Mav 25 except that scme

- -1 64-. .

- 1563 -.


,orth Dakota
tnd Montana

damage occurred in parts of southern Douglas, southeastern Saun-
ders, Dnd southern Ga e Co ti, wh re th cou1t- dcT .'i cub iojr c1.Er :onn their c, 4Qii inr: of the winter heat until the announced safe date. Also
the principal area of infestation, reported on May 25 as includ-
ing westernen Clay, eastern Adams, and southeastern Hall Counties,
later proved to extend.'vest into western Kearney Ccur-ty an1 noth-
east to southern i\errick County.

J. V7. McColloch (June 21): A heavy infestation of the fly occurs
ovor most of the wheat area of the State. A trip made over a
lai-e part of the wheat area on June 1 showed the infestation
running from 10 to 50 par cent of the culms. At M4anhattan 25
per cent of the straw went down before harvest.

C. N. Ainslie (June 16): The Hessian fly area in western North
Dakota and eastern Montana has been gone 'over recently. The ab-
normal weather has played an important part in the control of this
pest this spring. A fevw -airm days in late April and early May
permitted a moderate infestation of very early so': n spring wheat,
Since then cool days and abundant wind have largely pr.,venrted fur-
ther oviposition. The fly can be fund in practically every field
in the semiarid region but a 'light attack is expected this season.
A few early-sown fields have many plants injured by the fly but
timely and abundant rains have enabled crippled plants to rally.

VIHEAT STIM M;,GCT (Meromyza americena Fitch)

zebras ka

M. H. Swenk (May 25-June 25): The wheat stem maggot has shown up
in the wheat fields over about .the eastern half of the State during
the present month in sufficient abundance toq do serious injury in
some fields. From Chase Counts there has come a report under
date of June 17 of the destruction of about'15 acres oi wheat in
a field of 115 acres by the western wheat-stem maggot, .pe7'ya
cerealis Gillette.

IMEAOW' PLANT BUG (Miris dolobratus L.)


C. R. Cleveland (May 29): This species was found in large numbers
on wheat in band 20 to 30 feet wide. One edge of field which lies
along pasture swale heavily grown to grass, whizh was not cut, eaten
off or burnei last fll. Severe drought has caused natural
(grass) to dr; uo and bugs have moved to mriore succulent -heat.
Heads just formed and bugs are starting to feed on them.

CLOVER MITE CBrybia praaetiosa Koch)


M. H. Swenk (IMay 1-25): From Cheyenne County was reported a wheat
field in zh"ch the clever mite was swarming by the millions during
the first eek ir. MJa and causing the w.eaLt to wither and dry out
in spots through the field. This is our first report of the clover
mite proving injurious in that way.

- 164 -



Kans as

"'SEAT STRPOI'70 (Ham.olita grardis Riley)

J. .'. McCoiloch (June 21): Wheat infested by this insect has
been received from Great Bend, Hays, and Copeland. Pt J'anhattan
some fields have 10 per cent of the straw infested.

JOII'TO?' (Harmolita tritici Fitch)

L. Haseman (June 25): An unusually severe outbreak of join'.orrs
seems to have appeared in the wheat this year. The heaviest in-
festations are in the territory comprising the southeastern quar-
ter of the State.

GREAT PLAINS FALSE 1T1PEFTiO (Eleodes oraca Say'

J. W. McColloch (June 6): Last week I covered most of western n
Kansas by auto. adultss of the false wireworms were evr",vhere
abundant in the wheat fields; in fact, I never saw the beetles
as abundant as they are this year.

-"'1FAT STIM T AC'CT (Oscinis spp.)


L. Haseman (June 25): Several complaints during tl}e riddle of
the month were received regarding the whitenin- of the heads of
the wheat owing to the work of one of these little masgots. From
the complaints the pest seems to be about normal in abundance.


CORN EA'TC'R" (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)




0. I. Snapp (June 12): .Unusually abundant at Fort !Talley at the
present time. Reports from Fontezuma also indicate a heavy in-
festation there in sweet corn.

R. 1'. Harned (June 22): Heliothis obsoleta has been received
from every section of the State. "ost o the com-Dlair.t have
been in regard to it as the tomato fruitworm. Nov.r more com-
plaints are being received about it as the boll"':cnr of cotton.
A few complain-.ts about it as a corn pest have also 'er.n rec-iv -d.

ST.'IK BOUER (P ar-.inma nitela Guen.).

H. A. Gossard (June 23): The coirnon stalk borer -'as received
from Stockport, Portsmouth, Lisbon, Perrysville, Yansfield, and
Alger. A large number of specimer:s from all over the State have
been brought into my office, indicating it is very generally
distributed and very numerous over the entire State. In many
cases considerable replan-ti._ will have to be done and oerhars
in some cases substitute crops will be planted because of trne
great thin-in-- out of the corn due to this pest.

J. J. Davis (June 2-): Unusually abundant this yeqr. Definite
reports with specimens iave been received from the foll-'ing Coun-
ties: Waoash, Wells, Blackford, Delaware, Warren, Hendricks, Shelby,
Union, Daviess, and Lawrence.

- i63 -


Miss ouri

Ne braska

[Jew -York



W. P. Flint (June 18): Thecommron stalk borer is much more des-
tructive than usual and a number of fields on bottc= lands have
been severely injured in-som:e cases, necessitating the replanting
of the entire field. This is unusual as theinsect usually con-
fines its attack to field margins or low points in the field where
a heavy weed growth has been permitted the previous season.

L. Hasem.arj' (.une 25,):+ 'This insect is more abundant this year than
it has been in a great many years -and in some cornfields planted on
-nevwly plowed bottom pasture or waste land they have completely des-
troyed the first planting. From various sections of the State re-
ports have been received showing damage to corn and vegetable crops.

M. H. Swenk -(May 25-June 25): + Complaints of .injury by the stalk
borer :continued through June and up-to the date of. this report.
Thme cornfields apparently have been quite seriously damaged. The
injury has been confined to the eastern one-third of the State.

Apyv'O" (Cirphis uniruiicta Haw.)

H. C. Huckett, (June 13):. Found feeding in noticeable numbers in
a hay field at Calverton.

E. P. Felt (June 26): Armywonns -are reported as very abundant in
grass and grin fields in Orient, by L. H. Latham.

H. A. Gossard (June 23): .. Amywomnn specimens were received June 17
From Akron, where they were doing damage to corn.

J. .J. Davis (June 24): Abundant June 12 at Marion.

W. P. Flint (June 18): Only a few scattered cases of injury by
first-generation larvae have .been reported.

SOD 17FEVE'OR (crmbus sp.)

Herbert Osborn (May 28): I have had reports of work in cornfields
planted on sod ground which is very evidently due to one of the sod
webworms,. but specimens have not been received for identification.

H. A. Gossard (June 23): Sod webworms were received from Invin,
Celina, and Columbiana, in all cases attacking corn. One of my
assistants, in.reporting an investigation of wbbworm damage in
northwestern Ohio, says that this damage did not occur in fields
that had been in grass the preceding year. One field consisting
of 30 acres now in corn was in corn last year. The field was
kept very clean of plant and weedy growvith of every kind last year
and there was no weady growth during the fall after the corn crop
was removed, -yet out of 100 consecutive hills examined in this
field 94 showed injury by webworms. The damage to 'the field
was estimated at about 70 per cent. This field ordinarily
passes through a 4-year rotation, consisting of corn, oats, wheat,
and clover, but this year corn followed corn. Another 30-acre
field adjoining this was in clover last year and this year was

- 16b -





put to corn. This field has an almost perfect stand of corn that
is growing very nicely. Only occasionally can a stalk be found
showing injury. Another field was last year in barley, with which
sweet clover had been sowed. This field was plowed up in April.
The loss from sod webworm injury is at least 50 per cent and under
date of June 19 these crambid larvae were feeding on the replant,
which was just coming up. A considerable number of fields, some
of them 50 acres or more, within a radius of 20 or 30 miles of
Toledo, have been completely destroyed by sod -webwvors and rust
either be replanted to corn or to other crops.

T. H. Parks (June 17): .Specimens with reports of severe damage
have been coming in from many sections of the State.

BILLBUGS (Calendra spp.)

R. W. Harned (June 22): On June 13 a farmer at Oak Ridge, "arren
County, sent several specimens of Calendra with the statement that
they had caused a lot of trouble in corn in the northeastern part
of that county.

L. Haseman (June 25): Two species of bilbugs, Calendra callosa
Oliv. and C. destructor Chttn., have been reported as seriously
damaging bottom corn from a number of widely separated sections
of the State. It is appearing mostly on corn where wild grasses
and sedges were abundant last year. Identified by Satterthwait.

MAIZE BILLBUG (Calendra maidis Chttn.)

J. W. McColloch (June 21): At Hunnewell a 60-acre field of corn
was destroyed. A report from McPherson County says the beetles
have destroyed several acres of corn. A field at Ogden has been
replanted three times owing to this' beetle. A general infesta-
tion in a number of fields at Junction City has necessitated much
replant ing.

rT7LVTE;FOTTED CUCUI'BFp BEETLE (Diabrotica 12'-Tunctata Fab.)

17. E. Hinds (May 28): The 12-spotted cucumber beetle has been
exceedingly abundant following a very mild winter and considerable
damage has been done to stands of corn and other croos attacked
by them.

BPNDED FLEA-BEETLE (Systena taeniata Say)

T. H. Parks (June 17): Isolated but serious injury is being done
by these adults to growing corn over a larpe part of the State.
Most complaints come from northwestern counties. The county
agent of Shelby County writes, "There is a 20-acre field of corn
that is so badly infested that the corn till be destroyed within
a few days."


- i167 -

CORN ROOT APHID (rura-ohliis iraidi-rad,.cis Forbes)


Kans as



V. H. Swenk (Hay 25-Juno 25): Injury in several cornfields in
the vicinity of Loup City by the corn root aphid was encountered
on June 10.

J. T7. McColloch (June 21): This insect has been received from
Denison and Ogden with the information that it is causing con-
siderable loss to corn.

SUGAC A1' BEETLE (Euetheola ru:icers Lec.)

R. 7I. Harned (June 22): The sugarcane beetle has been received
frcm many parts of the State. They have been reported chiefly
as injurious to corn but a few complaints about their attacks
on sugarcane have been received.

A FALSE CHII'C-H BUG (Nyzius sp., probably ericae Schill.)
R. V. Harned (June 22): Nysius sp. (probably _qricae) was report-
ed as causing serious injury to corn in Claibor-e County on June 5.
A correspondent who sent specimens wrote, "They are in a field of
corn, planted on May 10, by the millions. They cover the stalks
and blades and suck the life from them. They leave millionss of
little black specks on the blades that must be eggs." These
insects were determined by Dr. H. H. Knight, of Iowa State College,
as belonging to the genus Nysius, probably ericae.


PEA APHID (Illineia Pisi Kalt.)'

7VJircons in


J. E. Dudley, Jr. (June 7): Infestation is extremely scarce at
Columibus, some fields showing none per five sweeps of a net, others
three to five per five sweeps. Much less abundant than last year
at this time and in the ordinary year. An early and severe in-
festation occurred in certain parts of Jefferson County but was
exterminated by parasites. Both adults and larvae of cocinellids
are conspicuous in fields but food is extremely scarce. Syrphids
are scarce.

M. H. Swenk (MIay 1-25): In Dawvson County about the middle of May
several fields of alfalfa were reported as having been badly in-
jured by the pea aphid. A great abundance of the ladybirds
hi .odr-ia convergens Guer. and Meilla fuscilabris Muls. helped
to bring this outbreak under control, and similar reports were
- not received from elsewhere in the State.

- 168 -

ALFALFA LOOPER (Auto r~raha californica Speyer)

7!as hinr. ton

E. J. ilewcomer (June 13): Rcport of horticultural inspector at
Linville states, "We have one field of alfalfa cf which the first
cutting has been taken off before these vorms tct started, but
the worms are keeping the second growth eaten to the ground a:-id
not giving it a chance to grow." (June 16): "'or'i:r. pr'_arily
in alfalfa and when this is cut it migrates and a-'ta-'ls lettuce,
beans, potatoes, and corn.

ALFALFA 17EEIL (Phvtonormus rcs`i-is Gyli.)

0 region

B. G. Thc-p--on (May 20),: At Ontario, !alheur Counry, adults emer-
ged ad ..d yg. ,- Later cold wrahcr checked .eg lay-
inr and evlcpme:r. Frcm one-half to full-grown larvae and
ous t-:,s were present on this date.

CLOVER LE;F .vTEFIIL (Hyp era punctata Fab.)


VJis c ns in


C. 0. Hoighton (May 5): Quite ccrmon in northern Delaware this
year. At 20-acre field of clover near Newpcr-c was so badly damaged
that we advised plowing under the crop.

J. E. Dudley, Jr. (Jdne 7): Infestation is nuch heavier than the
last two years and probably heavier than i- the :cral year. Swept
f-,- i:-L acres of alfalfa with aph_.2ozer 3 ,000 larvae ord 350 penta-
tc.-ids of three species apparently preyir.- on weevil larvae. Pcssit-
bility of severe damage before first crop is cut.

A .jEPATODE (Cephalohus elor7jatus Dcdan.)

M. H. Swenk (May 1-25): Two reports of injury by the ner-atode
_C-h?..rjb s elonpgatus to alfalfa plants were received during Tay.

CLTOVER BUD WEEVIL ( nirrir6stris Fab.)


Arkans as

7. P. F15nrt (June 18): E.:Yinations by .. H. Bigger show that in
many fie! .4 i n western Illi'nois this insect dest0zoed frcr 25 to
nearly ."? re cent of the clover r. I- s "e condition holds
for al points; in central and south-ce-.trr- 11 inois v/hero examina-
tions have been made. The insect is now largely in the adult stiqe.

A. J. Aceerna n (June 4): The county agent of B-,.ton County re-
ports clover fieldz thrc-ii-'hout the county, badly injured, prcsurrably
by the clover aphid. Some fields almc3-" entirely killed on this

CLOYE'il A-''[) (.A.', 'h .n i s r3'-,eri. .Ccl an)

-CL n Fab.)-

CCli'v FGCOT CIXLa'?L >,/-ia :nispidubus Fab.)




J. J. D-'vis (June 2,4): edumts reported damaging soybeans at Frank-
Iort Jun-. 17. Eec-uise of tnt fact that much clover so.,! was in
tjad s sr t.-lis surring, ir: any fields were plf>79d r andcr and planted
to s7.-ca.'s. Tii v'rey likely will result in considerable damage
to aaoy ,aas oy SitoneD .

Y.^. P. FJi i (.J:L'.<:-e ~ : *j. .ls of the clever sitona, in most cases
j' nes. hit. ,': ;..s. h.-ve c-. reTpo-rted fro-:i a ...---ber of localities
ca-s J,.C r To scyc-,rns i}.re soybeans have been planted on
spFr'r~- pl^ '^1 .'.-. c_,.. \- r :r e 1.

BYi, ;"-R E'-p"'T S (Meloidae)

71. E. : .-.): The blister beetles are nowv becoming abun--
ant and soybees pai-ticularly.

LEPIDOPTFFiUS LtVF C PsKudararzo2 2 arcane.a Clem.:)


TInsect Pest Survy Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 2,. :.-e 83, May 1 number,
._ ,s an account oG a. 1epidorterous larva: injuring lawns, patures,
a ... -,,olf gree. * n''?s roared by fV. E Haey and. has been
aeterminera oy Dr. Dya- as P.:--- '-,-ra ,.rc- r.'-o1. -a Cle .


APE., T. I E

Va sachusetts

Rhoae Island

Dew Yo rk

A. I. E'ourne (.'P.y ,:): p:idf hve proven to be much less a pest
t -,r.. v,- ,...-'-.- l tc e'rreit : yt co nj.,:, ", iru.n the early season.
C* ch ',-,u,.. .u ar r..Kt.t' .. g:. n to their
cc:.i rn L- '- -.., .. '. y disapp'e a.'ei, Thn aphids hatched
ear.-:- } -- i- ,.- r several yoarn so that the oil sprays
oj :.- ;.. ; ,-:.' .- .. ) ..'.'-. La. ched an .d ,iustered on the buds.

A. W. C':e .j..-e -'' 7-",t lice on fruit trees were abundant
early .; -,3e sCoso F 0 u :oi'-L weather and rains apparently suppress-
ed tr. E .

C .C IJf APL Pd APHID (tAh s pojn i DeG.")

C. R. Crosby ard ass istants '(June '6): kAt "Honeoye Falls 2-year-old
arple rees werE at:'ackr; y this insect in sufficient numbers to
warrant the application of control measures.

"U ~

- 170 -


New York


New York


H. A. Gossard (June 23): b.his pomi was received on apple from
PainLsville June 2, also June 4, and frcr North Benton on June 10.
By June 18 this species had migrated frog apple trees at "Tooster
so that it was practically impossible to find further specimens.

APPLE GRAIN APHID (Rhopalosiphum prunifoliae Fitch)

C. R. Crosby and assistants (May 23): At this date in Ulster
County practically all have migrated from apple.

A. A. Granovsky (June 9): The common apple grain aphid was very
abundant all over Door County on apples. Many orchardists went
to a considerable expense in spraying with nicotine sulfate. Con-
siderable curling of leaves was observed. At this time most of
them have disappeared from apple foliage.

-ROSY APPL7 APHID (Anuraphis roses Baker)-

C. R. Crosby and assistants: On May 23 colonies of this aphid
were frequently found on Greening trees in Ontario County. T'ulti-
plication has been rapid, while in Ulster County on this date it
did not seem to be multiplying to any great extent. In Dutchess
County on May 23 this insect was increasing in numbers in rany
orchards. Up to this time it .was thought that little injury
would result from this pest. In V1ayne County where nicotine
sulfate was omitted frcm the delayed-dormant spray a moderate
amount of curled leaves due to this insect was present, and in
Onondaga County while scattering infestations were found in
many orchards the damage up to June 6 is not serious. The
aphids are quite abundant in several orchards where nicotine was
left out of the delayed-domnnant spray in Genesee County.

H. A. Gossard (June 23): The rosy apple aphid was received June 2
from Bradford and June 10 from North Benton; in both cases on apple.

Don C. Mote:

Exceedingly heavy infestation in unsprayed orchards.

CODLING IOTH (Carpocansa pomonella L.)


A. I. Bourne (May 26): During the week beginning the 18th and
running through the early part of the present week, throughout
the main apple growing section of the State orchardists have been
giving their whole attention to the application of the calyx or
"petal-fall" spray. It may be interesting to note, as touching
on the difference in altitude and climatic conditions existing in
this State, that in the Nashoba district in northern WTorcester
County and western Middlesex, on the 20th of this month, we found
conditions just right for the calyx spray. However, in the re-
gion around Gardner, Winchendon, and Athol on the 21st, we found
apples in full bloom, a difference of more than four days between
those points.

- 171 -


Illino is

M iss curi



New York

B. A. Porter (June 20) First-brood larvae began leaving the
fruit June 9. During the period when the greatest nub'&rs of
moths were active the weather was very hot and dry, stcgesting
that we are likely to have a severe infestation of the codli-:r
mcth this season. Observations in the orchards thus far have
indicated the same thing.

1i. P. Flint (June 18): Second-brood codling moth will start
emergnc.r, in southern Illinois about July 1. Present indica-
tions are that there will be a rather heavy second generation.

L. Haseman (June 25): The co dlin moth in central 'issouri ar-
rived about on- sch';dule ti r.' in s-ylts of the fact that th- season
brought out t->e ce b.o& oe ',s ten days to two weeks earlier than
usIual TLe iara. of the first generation are now maturing and
leavi.-, the -.nd we shall probably have the adults of the
second generation .-merging about on schedule time for central
Missouri, namely, between the seventh and fifteenth of July.

A. J. Ackermnnan (June 1): A few wormy apples have been found in
most orchards at Bentonville by June 1. The first brood hatched
in large ni bers earlier than usual, 30 per cert first-brood moths
had appeared by May 1, and the 'earliest worms in fruit were found
April 30. Some worns were leaving the fruit the last of ?'ay, and
pu1pae were noted June 1. Some second-brood worms ray be expected
.-. early as June 20, about two weeks sooner than normal. Three
cc'-,r sprays for the f rst brood have held the insect in check to.

B. G. Thonmpson (May 20): Adults emerging, about 10 per cent emer-
ged to date. apparently too cool for egg deposition.

E-IT!E OTHU (%,.2lynomfenta -ali.-libs Zell.)

P M. Eastman (June i6): Inspection of about 3,000 apple seed-
lings i`norted from Fiance last ',:1 rter was made today and 24 ermine
moth netr found., '': were very much alive, and could have
caus-.-c. co'iderabole damage if not found in time.

FPUIT Tr:nT LEAF PO!-TE?. C oeia aryro ila Valk.)

New York


M ontana

C. R. C-'oshby ad a-?siet.orts: In Onondm'r County, on May 23, injury
from t.',., wac q ... -.:'.ht. B; IY, '.'W. 30 in Orleans County the
pest r."'. :'uc more ;:"....' -- -ig found ,n considerable numbers
where th'' ha-e not cf,, any rinateriel damage before, and by
June 6 Lhey wre- n i erous in one section of Genesee County.

R. H. Pettit (June 16): The fruit tree leaf' roller is gaining
ground rather rapidly in Michigan.

J. R. Parker (May 20): The fruit tree leaf roller continues to
be a serious pest in the Bitter Root Valley. Severe winter con-
ditions which killed many varieties of apple and injured native
pines failed to injure eggs of the leaf roller and there is a
normal hatch.

- 172 -

P--.TO'L C .$ F:Fr R (.Cr1 ,:- ra rali.,nr-ella Riley)


A. I. Bourne (May 26):

Pistol case bearers are present in average

N-_w York

C. R. Crosby and assistants: In"onroe County this npst was nuch
more a'-ur.-lanrt this year than last. In many orchards that were not
sprav.', prior to blocs.m-inr in Niagara Co',nt'- severe infestations
have occurred, the first since l1C9. .P only arc the leaves
severely mined byt the larval work on the fruit is quite severe.

CIGPR CPSE BEjPRE- (Coleophora fletrhrellaFernal3)

l':.r York

Massachus etts

New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants: In Monroe County this pest is much
more abundant this year than last. It may be found quite frequent-
ly even in well-cared-for orchards, anid ias doing considerable dam-
age in a number of poorly-cared-for orchard. In Onondara County
considerable damage was found in certain p-ar orchards, and in many
orchards that were not sprayed prior to blossoming in Niagara Coirnty
severe infestations have occurred, the first since 13n9.

APPLE AND THORN SKEIhETONIZER (i'erc'h].i 'ariina: Clerck)

A. I. Bourne (June 22): By June 15 I noted in some of the trees
immediately outside the. college planting that the app.le ard thorn
seleto.nizer larvae were beginning to pupate.

C. R. C.osby and assistants: A trace of injury was noticed in
one ore-aid in Dutch-ss County. It.arntly this insect is of
only .'.. o importance; slight damage iq fcui-.d in Greene County
eqpec,_lly where the calyx spray wan omit+, ed. Ey close examina-
tion in Columbia County evidences of the infestation can be found,
but it is by no means an important problem this season.


H. A. Go!sard (June 23):
from Jchnitown June 20.
to be corn-iderable,

Climbing green cutworms were received
The damage in the orchard was reported

.!'T BAMDE LEIF POLLER ("ulia .eltinana Wilk.)



Vi:ginia .-rop Pest Copmmision (ray 30): The spring brood of moths
was, u.n- :-,'l v lai7,e in l,'te March and early April at Winchester.
TVe i'-'. cnod of lar'-ae are feeding on the folioge mostly, and
ar3 -7)-e abu.-dant t'r.*:- has been observed at this time of the year
dur.); the last four seasons.

B. A. Porter (June 20): This species is present in small numbers
in ,.ost of the orchards in this section (Vincennes). In one or-
cha-d the injury has amounted already to 20 per corent of the fruit
on the trees, although much of the injured fruit has since been
removed in thinning. Where the apples were hangir.g in clusters

- 173 -



Rhode Island

Delawa re

West Virginia

jew Mexico

as many as 4 apples were ruined by the feeding of'. ore ,orm. At
pres-. at writin-g the first brood of worms hao alrrost entirely dis-
appcared, and the second is not yet in evidence. Th worms seer
tc be rather heavily parasitized; five different species of para-
sites have Deen noticed.

TENT CoT_ ?.,ILL?7 (fal-.Jcosona a-E ricana Fab.)

J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 2) Hatchingbocgn in the vicinity of
Boston about April 6. Reports received as follows: Mediun to
heavy infestations reported in many towns throu-l'. eastern 1'assa-
chusjtts, also from Fitchburg, Colrain, and PDeerfield; .ncrrE.,
Austerlitz, Chathan, Gallatin, and Pine Plains, N,. Y.; Rupert
and Pawlet, Vt.; Princeton, Piscata':E'", and Hillsboro Townships,
N. J. General infestation with occasional reports of their
being plentiful in the vicinity of Bucksport, Bath, and Yanchester,
Me.; 1iilford, N. H.; Camoridge and Heoron, N. Y., and Thetford a".3J
Barre, Vt.

A. I. Bourne (June 22): The tent caterpillar in practically every
section of the State proved, throughout the perio-1 of larval feed-
ing, to be more abundant even than last year. This was particu-
larly noticeable throughout the western half of the State. Pbt
the first of June, here at the College (Aaherst), we -.gzn to find
the larvae maturing awnd for the last week or ten d-:'s the larvae
have been deserting the trees and seeking quarters for spi:ii,:: '
their cocoons.

A. E. Stene (June 20): We have had a little more than the average
occurrence of the apple tent caterpillar.

C. 0. Houghton (May): This species is much less abundant at Uewark
than during the last two years.

F. E. Brooks (June 22): Tent caterpillars have been on the de-
crease in Vest Virginia for several years. Not a single tent
has been observed in the central part of the State this spring.

J. R. Douglas (L1ay 24): The tent caterpillars are nore abudant
over the M.Tanzano Mountains at present than this time last season.
Their tents are very noticeable on wild cherry and wild plum through-
out the Manzano Range.

SP'D .. CMNKER10-M (Paleacrita ver:ata Peck)

E. M. Patch (June 6):
town of Turner.

Apple trees are reported defoliated in the

C. R. Crosby and assistants: Considerable of a block of fruit
trees were defoliated in Orange County, it being very serious in
unsprayed orchard in Orleans County, *:,ile in Genesee County many
neglected orchards are being defoliated. In Ontario County serious
injury is occurring in some unsprayed orchards. In vonroe County
this insect is doing considerable damage in a n-mber of poorly-
cared-for orchards.

ew York

- 174 -

New Jersey



J. V. Schaff'ner, Jr. (June 2): Reported as fairly abundant on
various deciduous t-ee i.n Morristown.

H. A. (osr, (Tun 23): S,--cimens of a:prle received from north-
eastern Ohio defoliated by canker-crs, I ai unable to say whether
the spring or fall species. 'rp of the fall species were raceiv-
ed from.Evcret' Pay 12 and froffm Wilou?1-by 'ay 15. i prties
bringi~rg ina the defrliad b.-anches rer)orLd that any orchards
in north Lern Ohio had suffered in this rannr-r. IiHow.ever, since
this happens practically every spring in northeastern Ohio, I a
not able to say at this time that condition are any vorse than
in ordinary ycars.

A. G. RLrf-!es (June 13): Th fall cankerwvoim hap b3en as serious
as ever -in certa-in r.:conz cf the State. Instead ef there being
a marked decrease in these insect. over a series of years they
seem to have steadily held their own for the last five or six

A. J. Ackeran (June 1): Several growers in the Sprir.gIdale sec-
tion report apples more severely i.'ezted with the l 3er apple
worm than ;ith the codling mcth by June 1. Spec;-'eno8 brought
to the B-nteoniillie Laboratoryjproved the pest actually to be the
lesser apple worm. AJthough injury by this inoect i3 occasionally
noted every year, this is the first report of injury *y the lesser
apple worm in spry-.-i orch.-ards of the 0zarks in recent. years.

APPLE RED BUG (Ht,*^erocordyLus malinus Reut.)


New York

A. I. Bourne (M'ay 26): No complaints have cornsm in to us of any
abundance of the red bug, and in my observations thus
far during the season I have found scarcely any evidence of its
presence. It cpn not, therefore, be pres-n-t in a.%y at-unrdan!'e
except possibly in some isolated and uncared-for orchards.

C. R. Crosby eaid as.istants: InG.rnesee and '.ryorring Counties
this insect is so nuercus in several orchards t."at control meas-
ures had to be used, while in Ontario Ccunty evidence: of thr-ir
wonk has been found quite general, although up to V'ay 23 no ser-
ious infestation has been observed.

POTTTO LE'."FFHOPFPR (Ta.','a falve Harr.)


A. J. Ar!kewr-n (June 5): The pr.tato -a.hco.prpr is more numerous
than last season. Some hopperburn has been not-cee.d on potat-oes
and termrinr.1 growth of apple. Or'.ir..Irily this leafhopper does
not cause much injury to potatoes here as only the first brood of
nymphs att?.k tho pI:--t, potc':s being mature before t'h,-- second
brood .'-peoars. First-bv-oodQ '::'-> v.'ee pressnr during' the last
three weeks of May ar..d first-b-:,rd adults began to. appear June 1.

Arkans as

LE"SER APPLE 707, (TIE-n-2 'I llil"^1a'017alsh1)




BUFFALO Tm:,'7'C h (Ceresa bubalus Fab.

J. J. Davis (Juno 24): Evidence of treehopper injUry on young
apple trees isi not unrcomon. The injury, according to our ob-
servations, always p'edfiom,.a.tes in orchards v:here alfalfa has
been grown or where the orchards were in weeds fast fall.


A. I. Bourne (June 22): The oyster shell scale was observed to
be hatching here at fsherst from '.ay 26 to 27 on apples and from
May 31 to June 2 on lilacs.

SCURFY SCALE (Chionaspis furfura Fitch)




Nevw York

New York

J. J. Davis (June 24): There have been a ni;mber of reports of
scurfy scale abu-dance on apple in south-central i .' tha past
month. They have become more evident because of the abundant
'white maje scales appearing early in June.

APPLE CURCULIO (Tachy relus coadrigibbui Say)

H. A. Gossard (June 23): Apples damaged by the apple curculio
were received from Albany Jun.e 10 and damaged apples were also
received fro- Newark at aboi:- the sfre date. Juns 21 we r:xceiv-
ed from WVatrville specimens of peaches stung by tihe curculio and
the damage ,Tas reported to be quite general in peach orchards of
that section.

J. W. McColloch (June 21): Considerable darnsge by this insect
is reported from Donipharn., Leavenworth, Atchison, and Tyandotte

EUrPOEA BED YTE (P'"E:ir SulT C. & F.)

A. I. Bourne (JJune 22): 1r-m all the reports that I have been
able to secure on the European red mite, thio is much less abund-
ant than wc. 5 the cpse last year and this condition is very general
all over the tate.

C. R. CrCsoy and assistants: In one or two ercards in .onroe
County this pest has bben found in large numbers attacking apple.

H. A. Gossard (June 23): The European red spider mite was re-
ceived from Willoughby June 6 on apple.

P'r AR

FP2, PSYLLA (PPSll Aopo1 Fo erst.)

C. R. Crorby and assis -tantz: Moderate infestation" have occurred
in unsprayed orchards in Ccunty. rndication" are that
the psylla will become quite generally serious in Honruoe County

!ass achus etts

t-1e.-k York

V!1st Virginia


176 -

with favorablc- conditions. In one or tro orchards in Onondaga
County a hea-.- irnfectation of this pest 8'cturred. The second
brood of psylla is c-ming on and indications are that it will
Become a serious problem in a number of poorly sprayed orchards
in Columbia County, :xie in Yates County this insect is to be
found in injurious numbers in several orchards.

PEAR VIDGE (Contarinia r-rziora Riley)

A. I. Bourne (June 22): Sev-ra! complaints. In one c:-ise sone
of the county workers estimated fully 50 per cent of the fruit to
be infested. These complaints ca-e in to us durir.g the first
half of the month. Clapp's Favorite and Beurre'Bosc are the
two varieties which have bvun reported as Deing infested the

C. R. Crosby and assistants: Durii-.g the last vwedk in M'ay and .
the first week in June more or loss serious infestations of pears
by this .nsect were reported from Gcnesee, Columbia, and Dutchess
Pj r -j

PLW CURCULIO (fo r-t.- c1- lus nenuphar Hbst.)

Fred E. Brooks (June 22): Plum and peach crop in this locality
(French Creek) a failure, but a slight amount of. eurculio injury
has been done to apples.

NE'7 YO' "TE'rIL (7tLvcgrus noebra'7-nsis Forst.)

H. A. Gossard (June 23): Ithycerus noveboracensis was received
frcm Unionville Center June 2, where it was attacking both peach
and apple.

GRASSHOPPErS (Acridiidae)


Oliver I. Snapp (June 2): Grasshopper dacae prevalent on peaches
at Canton. Very dry weather has been experienced here for several

SAN JOSE SCALE (_bspidiotus perniciccus Comst.)

Miss issippi

Oliver I. Snrapp (June 2): A heavy infestation Qbser-ed on several
trees in a 27,000-tree crchard at Ca-inton on this date. A 2 per
cent lubri-atin-oil maulsion was used, but there'were evidences
that the emulsion had been used after freezing or in a tank con-
taining li$e-sulfur residue. Several peach trees at MYadison were
killed by using lubricatir.g-oil crulsion in a spray tank contain-
ing lime-sulfur residue, which cous'-d free oil to be liberated.
Very poor scale control as a, result. (June 3): Practically
no San Jose srr]e found in commercial orchards 'at this point
(U.oselle) One ccr:rcrcial orchard of 10,000 trees w-hich had
been treated with 2 per c.ant lubricating-oil emulsion last winter
was absolutely free of scale. This orchard had previously been
lightly infested.

- 177 -



Calif ornia

ORIENTPL FRUIT I.OTH (Laspeyresia imolesta Busck)

Oliver I. Snapp and assistants (June 15): Third-generation lar-
vae are now ai:pearing both in the field and in the insectary at
Fort Valley. There is a marked overlapping of generations. The
infestation at this point covers only about the area infested a
year ago which includes the town and the edges of several comrner-
cial peach orchards adjoining the city limits.

PEACH T7IG BOREF. (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)

Don C. Mote (May 20): On unsprayed orchards severe damage in
certain districts has occurred on prune and peach by the peach
and prune twig miner.

0. E. Bremner (lay): Attacking particularly prunes and peaches
in Sonona County. Dasages growth on nonbearing prune trees,
severe damage being caused.

GJrE'? PEPCH PHID (M2yzs persicae Sulz.)

New York

C. R. Crosby and assistants: During the last week in !.ay and the
first week in June this pest was found quite prevalent in Genesee,
Ulster, Dutchcss, and Columbia Counties.

PEACH BORER (Ae geria exitiosa Say)


WV. P. Flint (June 18): Larvae of the peach tree borer are un-
usually abundant in orchards not treated with paradichlorobenzene
during the fall of 1924.

SHOT HOLE B0PR (Scolytus rugulosus Ratz.)

VMiss issippi

R. W. Harned (June 22): The fruit tree bark beetle has been re-
ceived from many counties. Peach, plum, apple, and other fruit
trees have been attacked. The extreme drought of the last 12
months has been very hard on trees of all kinds and this probably
accounts for conditions being so favorable for these beetles.

PLU.! CURCULIO (,rnotrarheius nenuphar Hbst.)


Rhode Island

A. I. Bourne (June 22): The plu- curculio appeared about ten days
or two wee>-s earlier than was the case last year. At least pre-
liminary indications are that this insect will not be quite as
serious a pest as it was for the last several years.

A. E. Stene (June 20): The plum curculio is also active as in-
dicated by reports from various sections of the State.

B. A. Porter (June 20):
as June 1 at Vithcennes.

Began leaving the fruit at least as early


- I78 -






Oliver I. Snapp (June 15): The curculio is under excellent
control so far this season. Over 1,000 carloads of peaches
have moved market to date practically free of curculio lar-
vae. First-generation adults are now emerging from the soil.
Second-generation larvae are to be expected in the Elberta crop
which will start to move about July 6.

S.A. Porter (June 20): The plum eureulio has been unusually
abundant in some orchards this season. The larvae had been
maturing and leaving the fruit in peach orchards in western
Kentucky a few days before the end of May.

Oliver I. Snapp (June *2-3): Commercial peach orchards at Canton
and Moselle very free of curculio- injury. Absence of the insect
at these two places is attributed to the liquid spraying which had
been done according to the schedule and to the very dry season.


FRUIT TREE LEtF BEETLE (Syneta albida Lec.)
Mr. Wilcox: All adults disappeared on May 20. Injury apparent
on leaves and fruit this date. Unsprayed cherries in certain
Districts show 60 per cent injury.

CHERRY LEPF BEETLE (Galerucella cavicollis Lee.)

R. H. Pettit (June 6): The red cherry leaf beetle is appearing
in the northern part of the State and is quite plentiful. This
insect is abundant wherever pin cherry grows in quantity and the
most of the commercially grown cherries are in cut-over and burned-
over districts in the north where pin cherry is very abundant.

DARK CHERRY .FRUIT FLY (Regletis fusta 0. S.)

New York

C. R. Crosby and assistants:
Observed in Onondaga County.
by a number of growers.

Large numbers of the flies were
Control measures are being used

BLACK CHERY APHID (Mvzus perasi Fab.)




C. 0. Houghton (May 30): Some trees are very heavily infested at
Newark this year, a large percentage of the leaves being practic-
ally covered on their under surfaces.

E. W. Mendenhall (May 27): Sour cherry leaves badly infested with
the cherry plant lice, which are doing considerable damage.

A. A. Granovsky (June 9): The black cherry aphis is present
every year in extensive orchard areas of Door County, often caus-
ing a considerable injury. At this time we have the third gener-
ation of this pest with only slight injury. First and second
generations are apterous, the third is developing wings. If
weather conditions should be favorable for this insect, it may
become serious by the end of the season.

- 179 -


R1SPBERRY. FRUIT VOR (Byturus' unicolor Say)

C. R. Crosby ahd assistants:
Ulster County.

Quite numerous this season in

H. A. Gossard (June 23): On June 8 we received from Kinsman
Byturus unicolor attacking raspberry. Other reports unaccom-
panied by Specimens from several quarters indicate that this
insect is doing at least as much damage as usual, possibly more.

RASPBERRY SPY7FLTY (Monophadnoides rubi Harris)

Edith M. Patch (June I8): These insects have started eating on
the young shoots but are now on the bearing canes. They are in
many gardens at Yamouth.

RASPBERRY MAGGOT (Phorbia 'rub ivo ra Coq.)

Don C. Mote: Five shoots infested with the maggot received from
Toledo, Cregon.

A SCARIBAPEID BEETLE (Serica services. Ill.)

Edith M. Patch (June 1): Three or four pairs per bush mating,
feeding on leaves, of bushes at No. Bucksport.


EIGHT-SPOTTED FORESTEFR (Alypia octowaculata Fab.)

C. 0. Houghton (May 29): .About the usual number on grape at
Newark. I find some of the laivae which have been killed by
a fungus or bacterial disease.

ROSE CHAFER (Macrodactylus subspinosus Fab.)


Mew York


A. I. Bourne (June 22): The first specimens of the rose chafer
made the-r appearance on June 7 and since that time have been
swarming not only over roses and grape, but on a wide range of
ornamentals, garden crops, and foliage of young fruit trees.

P. M. Eastman (June 16): Rose chafers are very numerous in the
Pine Bush 'section of Albany, doing considerable damage to young
apple trees.

C. 0. Houghton (May 23): Just beginning to appear at Newark.


New York




- 160 -


Herbert Spencer (,ayL-26.): .. During the week of 'ay 12 to 23 we
have had several complaints of damage by the rose chafer. The
reports .cci,c fror- the eastern shore district. Roses, grapes,
,and potatoes seer to be the plants rost affected.

7. S. Aouott (June 3):

First rose -chafer seen on 'ay 30 attack-

ing rose.

7est Virginia Fred E. 'Brodk6 (Juriu 22):.. aSo0 hat less abundant this sEason than
for several years. Sore co-nplaint of injury to sweet cherries and
early ripening sweet` apple.

Ohio H. A. 0Gossard" (June -23): great number of inquiries, unaccor.pan-
ied by specimens, scattered all.over northeastern Ohio have been
received during'the last'tonth regarding this insect.



Ne". York

Del aware


M issouri


New York

R. H. Pettit (June 15):"
than usual this ypar'.

The rose chafers are also rnre nltrrous

I!. H. Sw.i:nk (?*ay 25-Junc 25): The rose chaf r has bucn very
numerous in the sandhill'countr.' fror Loup Couny tc Ga.rdn Cointy
and north into Cherry County 1.!&ay o7 to June. 10. They not only
attack roses, grapes, apples, raspberries, and other fruits, but
there w because of their having eaten these beetles.

GrIPE PLU'E IOTH (xytils periscelidactylus Fitch)

C.R. Crosoy and assistants: During the first '.eek in June this
insect was reported as unusually prevalent in th. soutiheasternw
part of the State in Groen Ulster, and Colutrbia Counties.

SC. 0. Houghton (May. 30): More common than usual at ;'-:-.-ark this

H. A. Gossard (June 23): Received Hay 29 from Delaware, v'here
it wvas doing damage to grapes.

-GRIPE TINhT !PHID (I:acrosiphun illinioisensis Shi...)

L. Hasium'an (June 25): This species is nov quite abundant on
young grapes in central Missouri.

GRPFE LE/FHOPPrR (Erythroneura cores Say)

B. Hi. 17aiden (June 5): /Lt South Glastonoury this inse-ct was
attacking; grapes. Adults abunidanr.t on folia,-;.

C. R. Crosoy and assistants: The adults are very nmwnrous at
the present time on plantings ,xarined in Ulster County, f
moderate infestation was found in Columbia County on June 6.

- 1 c2 -*

alif rnia

r. *.. rrarn (Jun.. ): First generation now in various stages
of rnyrphal ,-1.v ,lon. nt. Good results have been attainl'rl in
thiiir con--trol -ith calcium cyanide dust in Tulare County.

CuP..'F C1iCULIO (Craoonius ia,. gualis Say)

cv": iork


est Virginia

ELCr-HF.'DH D FT-F"r'O3' (.Rhopobotg. naevana Huebn.)

A. .. Bourn-e (Jj'e 22): Mr. Lacroix of our cranberry substation
at ',"..r-.:ar:, r.:ports that -the blackhead fireworm started hatching
aL.CGt ?'..iy 10O, w'hlcn he stated was just about a weck or ten days
.iea.d oA z. *i. It aoparehtly is scr-.'.'hat less abundant than
no really.

Frd L. Erooks (June 22.): A few beetles are present on gr.ipe
viiAL, but sc far 1-iss injury has occurred to the fruit than is
Usual .t t;'ir s.3ascn.

Cr:FP D pc, r-OT''O (Fidia viticida V'alsh)

". hi. Snrk (Junr.25): The first oeetl-s of -the grape rootworn
"* colLc,-d cn th,.- grape leave on the College of Pgriculture
ru:. farr near Union, Cass County, on June 10.


CUR-.I;T PHID (?yvzus ribis L.)

E. 1'. Patch (.JLune 4): Specimens of damagedd leaf received frov
Lio..rt.y Lttacki.z currants. ..

C. A. Cro.-Ly arnd assistants: This insect was attacking currant
at in.-cj. ,aecir -nswere r.c.ived-.

er. :. cijhtr.n (,a:,'): 7Vry abundant at -e'.iark and causing serious
inj.iy Cliai.> The pr2valen.ce of large nwibers of ladybird beetles.

r.:-. I1 ^ fCTl- (1'ay 27): Currants in this locality (Columbus)
unusually t ;iA h the currant aphid.

r'PO. D3 CULR!NTMO3r' (Pteronidea ribesi Scop.)

J. 7. Zc:'ffier, Jr. (June 26): Pteronus rioesi reported as abund-
ant in Pin[or, H.r,.n, and Franklin on currant and -ooseberry.

2.tPR2_'/ "'t^"IL~ ( an-thonorus suturalis Lee.)

.%. I. 1c'Lr;r: (June ): TVr. Lacroix reports Tihding th; cranberry
'.'-v:. in acb't '.suJl &oundance. Neither late holding of winter
i 's'ae nor r-sa:..ii-cg hao thI uc far shown any effect on the over-
v.i*.. r. ri .E adults.

-sS 3 ch Is e ts

L Fi aChuF Lts

- 182 -

A LEAF BEETLE (Colaspis favosa Say)
R. W. Harned (June 22): A letter from H. P. LodingTAla., reads
as follows: "Colaspis favosa is doing considerable damage to blue-
berries; huckleberries,and Azalea indica also being defoliated."


PECAN BUD'"'0 (Proteopteryx bolliana Sling.)

R. W. Harned (June 22): The pecan budworm has been received from
Attala, Adams, and Washington Counties.



R. W. Earned (June 22): Complaints in regard to Phylloxera galls
on pecans have been received from a number of places in the State,
but chiefly from the western half. Determinations made by A. L.
Hswner indicate that Phvlloxera caryaecaulis Fitch is the most
abundant species, especially in the Delta section of the State.
Phylloxera carvae-ren Riley has also been received from the Delta.
Phylloxera notabilis Perg. is the most common species on young
seedlings. Phylloxera perniciosa Perg. was serious on one pro-
perty. An undetermined species, probably not described, is most
abundant in the eastern part of the State on seedling pecans.

FILL VTB'ORF (Hvphantria cunea Drury)


Oliver I. Snapp (June 17): Fall webwormnns were noticed for the
first time this season on a pecan tree at Fort Valley today. This
insect was noted last year for the first time on this date in middle
Georgia. It is usually very common on pecan and persimmrnon.

A IUT VEEVIL (Balaninus algonquinus Casey)

Vest Virginia

West Virginia

Fred E. Brooks (June 22): Beetles of this species issued in ,ray
and are now abundant on the male catkins of chestnut. Indications
are that there will be sufficient beetles to cause a wormy chestnut

WALNUT CURCULIOS (Conotrachelus juglandis Lec. and C. retentus Say)

Fred E. Brooks (June 22): The above-mentioned curculios are attack-
ing y-uns7 nuts of the butternut and black walnut and causing a rather
heavy drop.


R-D SPIDER (Tetranychus citri 'cGregor)

Califo rnia

A. E. Bottell (May 22): At Riverside this insect is attacking
citrus, heavy damage being done.




Mlif ornia


--183 -

*GIE, PPPLE JPHID ( rhis poni DeG.)

J. R.YWatson (June 16): The greei apple aphid (,rrhis roni DeG.),
which has been extremely destructive in citrus groves for the last
two springs, has "oeen largely .brought under control by fungi, chief-
ly Frrpusa, due to.the advpnt..of .th& rainy season. The damage to
the citrus has ueen severe, covering practically the entire citrus
belt, with the exception of the $atsuna belt in the north.
CI 7M -S i .. flit.
CITISU TH IPSf (Scirtothrips citri ioult.)

E. !. IcGregor (May and June): This report records the progress
fade to date by the pest in the Linds..y-Port. rville district.
Owin; to a "*ar: period inT'aYrch'it appeared for awhile as if
injury by the citrus thrips was to becora severe during the
1925 season. Subsequent adverse conditions have greatly re-
tardfd developu-ent and incres'o with the results that at present
the outlook is for a very r-ild occurrence and for a lowv percent-
:ge of injured fruits. Occasional groves are seen whert scarring
will occur. Attacking orange, lemon, grapefruit, po,'--gr.'.r7inate,
grape, plum, and ,

PFRSI""ON- PSYLLID (T.rioa dibsoyri Pshr..) ,

J. R. 'atson (June 16): Trioz. diospyri Psh.. has baen 7riore in
evidence tnan. usua.l: this. -year.




Iceland The Evening Star, Washington, D, C. (June 26): C. B. Williams,
chief entomologist of the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture has
found that the "painted lady" butterfly has migrated from Africa
to Iceland on a number of occasions. The distance is over 4,000
miles, and it is usually covered in three to four months. The
butterflies show up in Iceland in July, leaving Africa and Asia
Minor in April. 0nly the hardiest among the flyers succeed in
making the immigration, however.

SEED CORIT MA3GOT (Hylemyia cilicrura Rond.)

ITew York C. R. Crosby and assistant: This insect is apparently aiding,
together with other agents, the destruction of potato seed pieces
in Nassau County.

C. B. Raymond (June 12): A field of early beans was destroyed
in Yates County.

Ohio H. A. Gossard (June 23): The seed corn maggot was received June
8 from Elkton where it was damaging corn.

Wisconsin E. L. Chambers (June 10): Specimens of Wardwells kidney wax
beans were sent in by the Bayfield Canning Company, Bayfield,
which were badly infested with Phorbia fuscice-ps Zett, They
reported it as quite a serious loss to their contract fields.

Nebraska M, H Svwenk (May 1-25): There was a little complaint of injury
by Hylemyia fusciceps.

Montana Stev.'art tockwood (June 8): Larva is doing slight damage to young
Great Northern bean seedlings,

Oregon Don C. Mote: The seed corn maggot has appeared this season in
destructive numbers in three corners of the State; northwest,
northeast, and southeast. It has been attacking beans, wheat,
barley, watermelon, cantaloupe, and cucumber seed and the young
sprouted plants. Heaviest infestation was observed upon alfalfa
sod land and land just recently cleared, although report comes
from L4.k:eview, where the maggot is attacking grain, that the
land in grain last year. However, the soil here is an old
lake bed, rich in organic matter this spring wet and cold and
seed drilled rather deep. Apparently ideal conditions for
magot infestation.

BAI DI' FLEA BE.3ILE (Systena taeniata Say)

Ohio H. A. Gossard (June 23): Systena taeniata was received from
Ashland June 17 where it was killing fields of beans, corn, and

184 -

- 185 -



potatoes; from Huntsville -June 17, attacking corn and potato;
and June 18. from Elida, where it-was attacking potato.

J, J. Davis (June 24): Injury to eggplant by flea beetles (species
unihno'T,) was reported. April 11 from 1ew Point. Later, beginning
May 21 and until June 15, reports of injuries, in all cases by
S. taeniata, were received from Shoals on corn; Columbia City on
all kinds of garden truck; Albion on potatoes; and Portland, Jay
County, on corn. In Jay County the injury was reported as wid-e-
spread and serious throughout the County on various crops but
more especially corn. Injury this year seems to be especially
severe in northeastern Indiana. In this section, especially
last fall, weeds grew rank because of abundance of moisture.

G !J2KT SPRINGTAIL (Sminthurus hortensis Fitch)

A. I. Bourne (June 22): During late May and early June we noted
large numbers of garden springtails present on practically all
types of garden crops. The hot, dry weather which prevailed
shortly after the first- of June apparently-caused a considerable
reduction in their numbers so that by the 0l6th thr had practi-
cally disappeared.

A SPHTUTAIL (Isotoma cuadrioculat' Tdllhber)

. b raska

M. H. Swenk (May 25-June 25): The Cass County agricultural agent
sent a small bottle containing'thousands of specimens of a
collembola identified as Isotoma ouadrioculat Tdllb.rg, 'hi.chL
he said were found- co-ring the ground nearly a quarter of an
inch thick in a field after a heavy re .n ( June 7.




0. E, Bremner (mIy): Never in the history of Sonora County have
we had slugs so numerous. They are attacking all garden crops
and flowers, lawns, etc. The grasshopper formula using calcium
arsenate is effective.

To D. Urbahns (May 25): Garden slugs are very abundant throuJiou.t
Sacramento on flowers and vegetables,

MYRIAPODS (symphilids)

B. G* Thomson (May 20): Exceedingly abundant on all garden crops
in certain localities in Corvallis.

CUTWOFrMS (Roctuidae)



POTATO BEETL (Le-ptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

B. L. Boyden (June 8): Colorado potato beetle ws doing some
damage on a farm in Charlton County.


I cwa and
North Dakota

:'i ssouri


S- 186 -
C N.h Ainslie (June 11): After several years of comparative
alsqnce of this pest from around Sioux City, Za., it has
appeared in great numbers this spring and compels instant
attention tc insure the safety of the potato crop. Unusual
nmr'ber's of al.'ts were. observed on the young potato plants
in western Lorth DEkota during a recent trip through that region.

Lo Haser an (June 25): Throughout the State generally this pest
has not been so ab-unlant"as formerly though on untreated patches
the'pest is doing considerable damage.

APPLE LEAFHOPPER *(Empoasca mali LeB,)

J, E. Dudley, Jr. (June 12-20): Season shout two weeks earlier
than usual in Waupaca ard Racine Counties. Rainfall slightly
below normal; temperature above normal. Heavy rains second
week in June. Adults of Bnpoasca mali are quite abundant al-
though no nymphls have been observed to date. At Racine adults
numbered about 4 per plant, and the insect bids fair to become
epidemic this year.

TO.IATO SUCKFLY (Dicyohus minimus Uhler)






- ?Tor!lda

R. W. Earned .(June 20): Specimens of the tomato suckfy..- were
collected by R. P. Colmer, our Inspector with headquarters at
Moss Point. They were found in large numbers on tomatoes in that
vicinity. So far as my personal observation goes, this is the
first ,time that the tomato suckfly has been reported injurious
in Mississippi,

STALK BORER (Papaipema tel Guen.)

J. J. Davis (June 3): Larvae are quite small and destroying
recently set tomato plants at Elnora.

R. L. Chambers (June 10): Specimens of infested potato vines
were sent in from Sparta by a correspondent who reports it---
doing serious damage in his garden.

M1 H. Swenk (May 25): -.The first complaint of injury by the
stalk borer for the year was received on May 23. The tiny
caterpillars were starting to bore in tomato plants in an old


SL W. MeOolloch (June 21): Blister beetles are doing serious
damage to potatoes and other garden crops in nisrell, Rooks, GC-rahan
and Lickinson Counties.

COIT EARWORM (1eliothis obsoleta Fab.)

P. S. Chamber in (May 27): Abundant and-doing severe'damage to
tomatoes in' Gedsden County at jthe present time.-

- 167 -


Florida and


Li ssis sippi


AUSTRALIMA Tdl$:ATC 7T7IiL (Ls'trodcres cbliquus Eyll.)

J. E.. Graf (Jur.e 18): The Australian tomato weevil, now lnovn
as Listro3.eres obliTji;s (fcrmcrly Desiantha nociva Lea), has
been reported from r Escnaizbia County.

SL: I: Hi h (-ay 19-23: The weevil was found on turnip at the
following points: Mobile, Mobile County, Ala. (previously reported);
Fair Hope, Paldwin County, Ala.; Brewton, Zscambia County, Ala.;
Evcr1_reen, Conccuh Couniy, Ala,; Grove Hiill, Clarke County, Ala.;
Leroy, Washirgton Counzy, Ala,; and Pensacola, Escambia County, Fla.

R, W, HF=ed (June 22): H* P. Losing, Mobile, writes as follow: :
"Van Aller has been finding Desiantha nociva in Satsuma groves,
possibly on Solanum,"

J, 2. Graf (June 18): The Australian toirato weevil has been
reported frjn Bay St., Louis and Crystal Spring, Miss,

r UT Hinds (May 28): The Australian tomato weevil appears to be
continuing its spreei in this State and will be found as far West
as Denham Springs inr. Livingston Parish, and as far north as Aimite
and 2o6.lusa,

J. C-raf (Juno 18): The Australian tomato weevil has been reported.
from Satsunma, golden, Tickfaw, Indepe-ndence, Amite, Fluker, Clinton,
and Greensburg, La.

C. E. Smith (June 23): The following is the known distribution
of Listroderes spo in Louisiana.


St. Ta.rn-ny

Local i ty
Baton Bouge

Fast Bato-

A single specimen -vas collected at Famnond by both Dr. Hinds and
Mr. Deen, and one at Ponchatoula, one at Livingston, one at Greens-
burg, and a single one at Baton Rouge. The species was quite nu-aeruc
at Covington, in 7 hich locality breeding evidently occurred.

.OLC C2IC-T (Gryilotal-pa hoyxa-ctyla Party)

.1. A. Gossari (June 23): C-ryllotalpa headacty.a was received from
Akron June 1, whiera it was reported as doing considerable damage
to potatoes.

CA.L (ylmA3 :ia brassicae Bouche)
CABi^-G '^ C-CT (Eylperyia brassicae Bouohe)

Mas sachus etts

A. I. ournre (June 22): The cabbage magpgot seems to be about
normally abundant. Prcf. Koon reports that the -ro'7rs who are
using the cor-rosive sublimate treatment are thoroughly convi-inced
of its efficacy.

Ohi o

- 188 -

. '" Yorek






i obraska-

Ca RB Crosby and; This insect irs doi-y- considerable on several unprotected cabbage seed beds in Genesee County,
A se-7ere infestation was noticed in several cabba&2 fields which
viero about 1/4 grcrw in Wayne County on June 6,

M. D. Lecnari (June 9): Dr. Chupp reports, cabbage mag, ts generally
prevalent and destructive to early cabbage in thie field in Albany
and Scbenectaay Counties. Many growers are planning to use
corrosive sublimate treatment.

C. R. Crosby and assistants: Early cabbage in the field is receiving
considerable injury as is late cabbage in the seed bed in Onondage
County. Apparently it is, more serious than last year.

Eagene 2Menden';1ll (June 5): The cabbage maggot is quite troublesome
in the vicinity of Columbus this spring.

H. A. Gossard (June 23): The cabba, maggot has been quite destructive
locally about Wooster. The experimental plots on tre Experiment.
Station Farm were-destroyed by th ma g-ots before their presence
was discovered and nopreventive treatment had been follow.ved from
the date of transplanting. From one dozen to thirty or forty maggots
could be foud on the roots of every plant .

J. J. Davis (June 24): Reports of injury-to cabca@ and radish
continued to be received from northern Indiana up t'o J-une 1.

W. P. Flint (June -18): .The cebbag rmaggot.has, according to C. Co
Compton,been nrnch more abuu.ant-than usual in this State. Severe
dar-age has already occurred in nany of t ae 1 rge trucking sections.

EB. L. Chambers (June .10): The cabbage maggot is doing serious
damage to radishes, cabbage,and cauliflower. Specimens of injured
plants submitted were badly infested.

Don C. Yote. (May 20): Very abundant and doing considerable damage,
accatding to observations and reports.

CABBAGE APHID (Brevicoryne brasFicce L.)

M, H. Swenk (May 2.-June 25): The cabbage aphid has been rather.
more than normally injurious this spring. One extensive overof
cabbage in Boone County has had to report to spraying this year
fdr the first time.

STRIPED FLEA BEETLE (Phyllotreta vittatq F.ab,)


W. P. Flint (June 18): C. Cc, Compton reports the cabTage flea
beetle more abundant than usual this spring, causing s:-?-ere injury
to cabtaTe and caulifloweTr seedlings.

OION THMIPS (Thrirs tabeci Lind.)

7"-" York

He C. Huckett (June 13): Are becoming numerous in the seed bed of
cauliflower at Riverhead,

lt>m ~n
A FLY (Sca-qtogpyza terminalis Lom.)

Cal ifornia

T, D. Urbahns (May 21): R. -. HcLean from San Diego Co-rnty
reports as follows: "The losses in this district this year
due to the attacks of this insect are approximately 20 cars
of cauliflower valued at $20,000."


ST2RATBRY CRQOVi MOOH (Aegeria rutilans Hy.BEdw.)


B. Go Thomson (May 20): Adualts have been emerging for a week
or so at Corvallis.

CLIMB=-G CUTWOFJIS (Lampra spp. )




A. I. Bourne (May 26): A complaint from northern Worcester
County in Lunenburg has come in of injury to strawberries, both
by climbing cutworms and pheasants. The report concerning the
pheasants states that they are occasionally finding considerable
injury from this source to early garden stuff alongside
strawberry beds.

TARNISHED PLANT BUG (Lygus ratensis L .)

A.J.Ackerman (May): The nymphs of the tarnished plant bug caused
as much as 40 per cent damage in some fields at Bentonville,
by producing buttoning of the berries. Growers report that they
have not been troubled with this pest in past years.


J. J. Davis (June 24): Reports of injury to ripening straw-
berries by-a myriopod received from Winamac May 29.


ASPARAGUS BETLE (Crioceris asparagi L.)


New York


A.I.Bourne (May 26): The county agent of Bristol County
reports the asparagus beetle in that region present and causing
considerable injury, beginning about the 15th to the 18th of the
month. Mr. Haynes, from southern Worcester Ccuy, reports
similar abundance and injury on approximately the same date.
(June 22): Both species of-asparagus beetles are present in about
normal abundance, slightly worse than last year, if anything,
and we began to note their presence early in June at Anherst.

D. D, Ward (June 13): A 1-acre planting has received very
serious injury in Onondag. County.


MEXICAN B32E BEETLE (Epilachna corrumpta MukS.).

N. F. Howard (May 25): In the May 1 issue of the Bulletin, Vol







190 -
V. No. 2, page 72, the second line of my report should read "There
has not been much activity in hibernation cages."

Franklin Sherman (June 30):. ,The complaints indicate it as vorse
than usual in our mdunt.aing .where it'has been for several years,
also it is causing much worry in the foot-hill section where
this is the first year of injury.

N. F. Howard (May 25): The first adult was taken in the field
at Birmingham March 30, almost' three weeks earlier than in 1923
and 1924. At this date over 20 per cent of the beetles in
hibernation cages had emerged. The light infestation in this
district is undoubtedly due to the small number of beetles
entering hibernation last fall on account of the prolonged drought.

BEAJ LEAF BEETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Foerst.)

T. H. Parks (June 19): These beetles were common during June
in central Ohio (Pickaway County) and eating holes in leaves of
young beans grown for canning factory.. I have seen serious damage
from this insect in the Southern States but its work is rarely
noticed in central Ohio.

S. C. Chandler (June 12): Injury mach less than earlier in the
season and beans are looking better at Pulaski, Alexander,
Jackson, and Union.

RED SPIDER (Tetranychus t.elarius L.)

S. C. Chandler (June 12): Serious injury in one field at Cairo,
with 100 per cent of plants attacked.

LI:'.A BEAN STEM BORER (Monoptilota pergratialis Hist.)

R. W. Harned (June 22): Monoqptilota pergratialis was found
injuring butter beans in Meridian on June 4.


PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)

Connect i cut


W. E. Britton (June 24): Slight infestation in various parts of
State. No particular damage.

J. E. Dudley, Jr. (June 22): The pea aphid has increased very
rapidly during the past week, numbering from 20 to 70 in three
sweeps of an insect net up to from 175 to 300 in different
fields. From present indications the insect bids fair to do
considerable damage to late peas. Season about tio veeks
earlier than usual; rainfall slightly below nrormr.-1l; temperature
above normal. Heavy rains second week in June. Coccinellids
are common; syrphid flies are common, and parasites are scarce.


STRIPED CUCUiBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

Connecticut R. B. Friend (June 24): This insect has appeared in numbers around


New York










i91 -
New Haven during the last two weeks on squash, melons, and

A. I. Bourne (June 22): The striped cucumber beetle is apparently
normally abundant.

H. C. Huckett (June 13): Although this insect is generally present
it has not been found in as large numbers as in past years.

H. E. liewland (June 13): They are about as abundant as usual this
year at Honeoye Falls.

J. E. Dudley, Jr. (June 20): Palobably due to the relatively cool
weather in May in Racine County beetles were late in putting
in their appearance and, as a result, most of the cucurbits
have put out several true leaves and are well beyond danger of
being killed outright. The usual gregariousness noticeable in
spring and fall is most pronounced at present, the adults con-
gregating in masses of from 10 to 40 on one leaf,

A. G. Ruggles (June 13): The striped cucumber beetle has made
its appearance in this State,

L, Haseman (June 25): This common pest is attracting attention
on melons end related crops throughout the State, though in,'
central Missouri it is less abundant than it was a year ago* However,
it is doing serious damage to crops which are now protected with

M. H. Swenk (Oay '25-June 25): About the normal number of reports
of injury by the striped cucumber beetle are being received.

TWELVF-SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica 12-punctata Fab.)

Re. W. Harned (June 22): J. A. MeLemore, Picayune, reported on
May 6: "This pest is doing much damage to crops in and near
Picayune, but seems to be worse upon pole beans in the town of

A, G. Ruggles. (June 13): The spotted cucumber beetle has made
its appearance in this State,

PICXLE WOEM (Diaphania nitidalis Cramer)

BR. W Harned (June 22): The pickle worm has been received from
points along the Gulf Coast and also about 50 miles north of the
ONIOIT THIPS (Thrips tabaci L.)

Herbert Spencer (Jiune 4): Cantaloupes and cucumbers are showing
injury from the onion thrips. Nicotine dusts are being used with
good success for protecting the plants.


K. L. Cockerham (June 5): Specimens were sent to this office on
June 5; field inspections have since been made. After three to

-192 .-
four pickings the cucumberwviines have been almost killed. The
yield has been very seriously cut. O0e former stated that he would
lose 3$00 on five 'acres as a 'result of this outbreak. Vats
have been installed here at Biloxi this spring and the pickle
business looked very promizing; now the prospect is that the pickle
business at this point is killed for the future.

Maine E, M. Patch (June 6): A correspondent from Wilton, writes as follows:
"For several years they have been doing damage to our gardens and
bedding plants, especially cucumbers, as they injure the fruit. They
seem to be on the increase and in most eyerybody.p garden."

MIAELOU APHID ( possyi Glove)

Florida J. P. Watson (June 16): The mnielon aphid has done less damage" than
usual to the watermclon- crop this year

Nebraska M. H. Swenk (l&by 25-June 25): About the normal number of reports
of injury by the melon aphid are being received.

Mexico A. W. Morrill (June .16): This pest is usually present and more or
less destructive to cucurbits in gardens in the Yaqul Valley, Sonora,
Mexico. The first commercial crop of cantaloupes since 1911 was
0;owun in -this locality this spring, the shipping season ending early
in June. ITo aphid attack was observed or reported by representatives
of the shipping organizations who are in touch with all the growers.
No aphids on volunteer cotton.

Arkansas Dwighit Isely (June 20): The melon aphid is causing damage to
cantalotvpe and other cucurbits in the cantaloupe section of south-
western Arkar.s-as in Sevier County, near Ft. Smith in Sebastian
County, and in Washington County.

BEAN THRIPS (Heliothrips fasciatus Perg.)

Mexi co A, W. Morrill (June 16): This pest multiplied on peas during
Docenter, January, and February, transferring to cantaloupes when
the pea vines dried up. Principal damage to cattalouapes was in
May vhen the crop was maturing. On June 6 abundant on'peas and beans,
in gardens in the Yaqui Valley, Sonora, as well as in cantaloupe
fields, but none found onwcotton and alfalfa in near-by fields
although these are subject to injurious attack by this species.

SQUASH BUG (Anasa tristis DeG.)

Missouri L 'Haseman (June 25): This pest has appeared a little earlier
than usual and is already present attacking young squab.h a:id related

Georgia 0* I* Snapp (June 8): Seriously damaging a field of watermelons
-qt Fort Valley, A grower had to hand-pick and use nicotine sulphate.

193 -
ICI .IPS (Thrips tabaci L
0"_101i THo.IPS (ThriPs tabaci L,)



NIew York





*J J. Davis (June 24); Onion thrips reported as especially abundant
on onion at Frer.ont June 16 and Angola June 19.

W. P. Flint (J-ane 18): C0 Ca Conipton reports that the -unusual
weather conditions for the first part of June have brougt out the
onion thrips to or three weeks earlier thar. usual. Quite severe
damage is now being done in part of Cook County.

O2TIO1T 1UA`GCT (Hylemyia antiqua :.eir.)

Ve D. Mills (June 6): Eggs were found in considerable numbers in
a planting or two in Oswego County, while in another the maggots
bad hatched.

E. L. Chambers (June 10): The onion maggot has been a serious pest
in Barron, Washburn, Racine, and Shawano Counties, according to our

J. E. Dudley, r. (June 20): Infestation appears to vary more than
usual from field to field in Racine and Kenosha Counties. Appar-
ently there is less than last year, particularly on the cull onions
used as a trap crop. It may be interesting to note that adult
flies are still emerging from several hundred p-ljaria placed in
ground last fall in a large hibernation cage. Serzething over 300
puparia have just been sifted fvom the ground. All appear alive
and it seems likely that adults will continue to emerge for two or
three weeks. Damage will probably run from very slight (less
than 10 per cent) to 20 or 30 per cent in some fields, HTo natural
enemies observed.

W. P. Flint (June 18): C. Co Compton reports the onion maggot
as causing heavy losses to onion set growers in the Chicago district.
The injury is not quite as severe as in 1924 in the southern part
of Cook County, but more severe in the north. M7-ny growers are
using the oil 3otlaaux spray for the control of this insect.

Don C. Mote (May 20): A 4 per cent dano represents only the
percentage of small onion plants that have been destroyed up to this
date. The damage to the crop can not be determined until later.
Eggs, maggots, and-adults present.


YELLOW-STRIPED ARMY70M!, (Prodenia ornithogalli Guen.)

J. R. Watson (June 16): The sweet potato caterpillar appeared in
destructive numbers in some fields early in June, some weeks before
its usual date of appearance.

- 194 -

Mis sissippi

T0TOISE BEETLES (Jonthino.a (Ca3 sides) ripripes Oliv. and
Me uriona (Coptoclcla) bivittatn Say)

Re W7. Hlrned (June 22): The above named beetles were received
from Col'-m'bus, where they were feeding on sweet potato leaves
on June 18.

SAWFLIES (Sterictophora ebena Norton)


B. Le Boyden (June 8); Mr. Merrill writes that he found sawflies
very abundant in a sweet potato patch in Sanderson.


SJjGAP-BEET SB':OcF.' (Loxostege sticticals L.)

I o:0ntana

Stewart Lockwood (June 8): the fir-st brood of moths of the suar-
beet webworm is now flying though the do not seem to be. I ieas-havy
numbers as last year.

A BEEW LFAA..MIn= (Pegomya vicina Lint,)


'Tew York






C, 0. Houghton (May 25): Abundant at Newark aa usual, a large
percentage of the leaves being infested.*

SPINACH LEAF-MINER (Pegomya hyoscyami Panz.)

1a. D, Mills (June 5): Eggs were found very abundantly in several
plantings in Wayne County, while a small number of larvae were at
J. J, Davis (May 25): Reppbted at Elkhart on spinach and chard.,
Damage is severe.


GARDS1T WEBWOBM (Loxoste similaliss Duen.)

J. 71, McColloch (June 21): Webmvorms were reported webbing the tops
of turnips at St. John early in June.


CABBAGE MAGGOT (Hylemyia brassicae Bouche)

C. 0. Houghton (May 20): More abundant than usual at New7rk, a
large percentage of the crop being infested.

Don C. Mote (Miny 20): Only those radishes raised before the
emergence of the fly and those raised under a screen are free from.
RADIS1H 7VE VIL (Cleonus sprsup Lec.)

B. G. Thomson (May 20): Heavy infestation in vicinity of C'orvallis,
One patch 100 per cent infested; 15 eggs found on one radish.

- -1 C,
~ L5 J

MELOT APHID (Aphis =ssypii Glov.)


R, Wa Harned (Juneo 22): A-phis Lossypii has been causing serious
injury to okra at several places in the State duri2: May and
June. Several reports on watermelons have also been received
from the Delta section of the State,


A C-PRABiL ( Bembidion qurrin?.c l tur. L.)

H, A. Goszard ( 23): Bembidium quadrimacilatu-n was sent to me
under date of June 19 from Dover where they were said to be eating
at the roots of peppers, causing the plants to die.


BLL E CIL (Ant' o-s randis Boh.)c
BOLL ".7EVJIL (Anr..jroro. s & randis Boh,)

q- ITEPAL Cooperative PEprrt on Boll '-eevil nEmergence from Cage Tests
STATEMnTT Prior to 16.
The following report covers weevil emergence from the various
cage- tests for the period prior to June 16, It will be note
thl- in the past years at Tallulah, the emergence on that date
h.?_ ~',,'--1:U'Zr .'.-l1.y completed, an average of lo7 per cent of
t"e U;,:..-i_ cc..iri. out a.;y later. T, heaviest emergence which
h'..: ....... ::.,, ienced after June 16 was in 1923 when 9.12
.-e"' c-i::t ,f tr. r-evils emere1-?i between June 16aand early July.
T,' -re is i:'I'.J. .ii:lihocd of any such emergence this year and it
,.. .., i.t t' a,-sm-e t-.ab for 0i1 practical purposes, the records
..:..... :'hi ? r-'..-,rt r..7 be c...sidered as more or less final Field
a: cec: ta.e.,..e records with a very fair degree
of 'cTcur:. -.'J.lly he-avy infestations prevail in Ala'ane.
C'1. :.+Quh^ C I.-.:-l.C Gco4ia crnditions are more spotted, but local
henvy 1t Lior.i are quite prevalent ar.,d the average infestation

'"- L"..... '-e ."3is:ippi Valley and ada ining territory, extremr--
1, ;op.. .'Gc cc-. ion5 pr-;vazl In .--.-me sriall sections it is
ai2T"i.c7 It. to fi:- ;:ure it. a ve:l.1 i .ht sprinkling of r-_evils,
v,.hbie a shore distance avwy in many instances, weevil infestations
'.,7 i ..
-'.j. ..L :" r-.theastern Louir.iana the average infestation is
li 2ht buv scattertcd fields r'.Lnnirg as hieh as 25 per cent ofr 35-`
yer zentiinfestation Lre Infestation in much of Texas
is c-tili sxYceeding;y lit; r.d the dry weather has reduced some -
of the inf1scations lich l,''iT: more serious early in the se-son,
To sumnacrize, wecvil dr.-.-age for this season is, of course, a
matter of ve'eter at all points, but particularly in the western
half of the biit t:-.:re is little liklhooi of more than local -
da:cige unle'- r,3asc.-i-.'jly ra*,.rny weather prevails durin- the next
3O days or .rinreo At the same time, however, farmers sho;i-L- bear
in mind that in practically all places there are ample weevils
in the fields to quickly produce a serious infestation in a brief

- 196 -

period of rainy, shove--ry weather, such as has prevailed for the
last week or so, and now is a very. good time for -'igilane
in detecting such infestations and r?.uci the-m as quickly
as possible.
It will be noted t+it the present report also includes general
conditions on w7-evil tests as well as the c.-.'e emergence tests.
The cooperation which was inaugu-irated in dealing with cage-
emergence records has been exceedingly valuable, and a similar
cooper,*Jion .'..s been arrangci to deal with the p.g.-ress of we2--i".
anj. other cotton insect conditions throughout the seIson. Other
stations which did not have hibernation cage tests are joini.i,
in this movement and the following r7 cc.'.-crat6-"" ere now
listed: R. W. Harned, Entomologist, Ao &, Cill-o, M.iss.; L.
Haseman, Professor of Enton.oloqy, U-ivcrsity of '.'.iz.curi; D',viit
Isely, Association Entomologist, Foyetteville, Ark.; and C. E.
Sanborn, hEntomologist, Stillvat.-r, C0la,
In addition, reports are. recei-cd front other FP.d-'ral channels
such as the pink bollworm inspectors cf thne Federal -orticultural
Board and it is plrrci to bring this information toget-er twice
a month so that a general cross-section of cotton insect conditions
throughout the majority of the belt will be available.
The pe-rcentage of weeils placed in ca-es laftffall v.'hich had
emerged prior to June 16 at the different points is shown in the
following table:
: Per cent of r.number put into
Locality c7-es which have emerged
Auburn, Aia ............... .....15. 49
Batcrn. Rouge, Lae ............ ..... 6.62
S Cora., .0 .. ....*..,44
C College Stabion, Tex ......,..: ...... 6:'0
Cic::.oo. College,. ..... Se ...... : .. .. 3c80
.p.rir.snt, G ............... ......1.55
Aberdc-.-, C........... :
Rocky Mount, ''T. Co .......... 37
Ho ]ly S-pzr2gs, Miss......... ........08
Tallulah, La,.................: ....... 01

AT Th2i -:-, T:,, during the past nine years an aveis7ae of S0%3C
oor cen- of tie tctarl t eyg e-c w-s completed prior to June 16,
The average ener cnne to t!e same date was 1,48 rer cent.
A- -int n-ear C,'lloe et,.t. ,', --ex., in I'..Al907, and 1008, the
-vc a o su..viv.val was 5.2 per ccqt .n a,'er-..a of 99.66 6er cent
ot the tc'.-ul emerr3n.ce was completely prior to June 16, or 5.18
por cc:".b,
At ]c--nce, S. C., in 1924 on June 15, 93267 per cent of the, total
L' 2cL.L -j-o ccrpleter. The eaop.,--n~e *6 the sa:-c date was 0.34
pbr cent.*.f^' T 0 :'LL 77 I:TAPI.;V

South Carolina F .X1 FIntonr (Ji-,rn i): r'e sqnre infestation rangs from 0 to
40 per cent in the vici,:ity of Florcnc,.

Georg-ia and J. ?i J- :n, A..i-Mr Department, Central of C-cors-.a R2:
r' hr S-r"' y -- '.1 ci' b t :wen June 5 *?.,d 23 in central ind sc.thcrn
GL'.; :-, and south'7,r'.tern Aleam2 indicates that from 0 to 1.8 per







cent of the squares are punctured in the eastern counties,
Washington, Jefferson, Burke, Screven, and Bullock; 6.6 per cent
at one point in Baldwin County, In the southwestern part of the
State puncturing ranges from 3 to 14 per cent in Sumter, Lee,
Carroll, Rnndall, Clay, Dougherty, Calhoun, and Early Counties.
In Alabama percentage of puncturing is decidedly higher, ranging
from 6 to 37 per cent in Tallapoosa, Lee, Russell, Bullock, Dale,
and Houston Counties,

J. M. Robinson (June 17): An unusually heavy weevil infestation,
with calcium, arsenate dusting under way for control at Pine Apple.
(June 19): In several fields at Auburn the number of weevils per
acre ranged from 1 to 70. In one of these fields the square
infestation was 22 per cent. The infestation in central and southern
Alabama is relatively high as contrasted with last year.

V. V. Williams (June 8-14): At Valdosta examined 4,800 squares
finding 83 punctures, an average of 1,7 per cent punctured squares.
Eight fields examined. Infestation ranged from 0.8 to 16,3 per

C. E. Sanborn (June 12): The first authentic record of boll weevil
appearance w3s in Bryan County on June 5 and very few weevils in
thp.t section.

D, Isely (June 16): Half-grown weevil larvae have bean found in
squares -., Miller County.

T. Fo McC-chee: From MNy 29 to Juire 15 examined 20,200 plants,
finding no weevils at Holly Springs.

PLoW Harned (Jujne 15): Weevil infestations are very spotted through-
out the State., In the southeastern section examinations were made
on 19 farms; in 5 counties; the weevils found per acre renglE from
0 to 400; the square infestation ranged from 0 to 0.5 per cent.
In the southwestern section examinations on 36 farms in two counties
sho.A the sq-uar) infestation to be from 0 to 20 pe' cent. In
the central and nordh-central section examinations were made in 7
counties; the sq-^are infestation ranged from 0 to 5 per cent. In
the northern sejcin examinations were trade on 51 farms in 12
counties; the ri'i.bcr cf weevils found per acre ranged from 0 to
400, whereas the sq uare infestation ranj3d from 0 to 4 per cent.

W. E, Hinds (May 28): The boll weevil has evidently survived the
winter in iar, numbers in ?outh-"c-ntrl Louici:ana, especially. The
emsrzence i- ztill cornu;nuing ste3iily and in some fields weevils
have bea5n foui i as numencrous as 250 per acre. In the earliest
planned cotton weevils have now developed to the emergence of the
first-generation ad-iu]ts. Poisoning for overwintered weevils is now
under way in many localities.

B. R, Coad: From June 9 to 14, 20,400 squares were examined at
Tallulah, 39 punctures being fQpnd ,a.n average infestation of 0.2
per cent. Thirty four fields/examined. Infestation ligit and
spotted, ranging from 0 to 2. 3 per cent.

- 1S7 -




(r-""~ T,-


Co roli.'Ia

W. R. Sudduth: Examined 100 plants on June 6 at Shrevepor't, fin.ini
no weevils and 7 pictured squares. On June 1W, 100 plants showed
no vw'eevils and.. punctured square.

W. E. Conn: Examinations made on Jue 6 and 13 at Ennis, fi-i-ing
no -eevils. '

A. Jol hr.s-in: On 405 plants e:ornained at Port Lavaca o: June 2', oine
"eevil was found and on June 10 one weevil was found. On June 15
on 200 plants examined one weevil, was found with. a square infestation
of 6.5 per cent .

COTTO APHID (Aphis -oss:Miii Glov.)

S. d. Chandler (June 12): At Cairo 90 per cent of the plants -ere
infested in all fields examined.

S. ifarcovitch (June '14): Specimens of this aphid were sent in fror.
-'estern Tennessee with the report that they were very abundant,

R. V. Earned (June 22): ArThis gOssnDii. is to be found to some
extent in almost every cotton field. Nowhere is it reported serious
to cotton so far this year.

7, Z. Hinds (_.Jiy 28): The cotton plant louse has been quite abundant
on young cotton and pros-:ects at the present time would indicate
infestation to follow later in the seascn if weather conditions
are favorable,

F. L. Thornma (Juno 15): Quiite a number of complaints have come to
us as the rerlit of injury 1belr -tro-Aced by cotton plant lice,
not only on cotton but also on wat.&..oiu

B. Cocr.d (June 15): Thie co-tton louse is cormron, though not
des trl.rchive as yet. Prevailin weather conditions seem to favor
the reprcoducticn of the louse, as they id. in 19P4,

V V"7 Wil.71.mis (June 15): Lice are present in some fields with no
seri.jz injury as yet,

F* A* Fent3n (June 16): A considerable .np.hi2, infestation was present
easily in the season but has pfacticr-illy dw-ippeared,

COTTON Li.FWrOr.I ( 7yile-: r':. Lcen nbn^)

T. Co Barber (I'-,y 25): Fov'r.d c3tcr')illars small to about half-
gr'c-'In, S| EJe-. .3or,'-h of L-cwirzville.

Dro ri'nter (May 28): Tole,,rm of May 28 to B. R. Coad reads as
follo-v13 "Sat? o 't?. !,0i.:'t (r ) Mnicrn-ts wires from Corpus
C-, riti. a' Car l.claoa lr'. :,-e and F-pae found 10 miles south
of here. Large pirccntage of na'ura1 control,"

- iS6 -

F. L. Thomas (June 12): All stages of the cotton leafworm are
showing up in many fields of Nueces County. They have severely
ragged spots in those fields, and since the rains have been
falling along the Coast we shall be fortunate if a severe out-
break does not develop0

George N. Wolcott (May 26): This is to report an outbreak Of the
cotton caterpillar at Plantation Bon Repos in the Cul-de-Sac, a
few miles north of Port-awu-Prince, a few weeks ago. On account
of an abundance of rainfall, the ratoon cotton plants started
growing and flowering this spring (which is rather exceptional for
the cotton-growing sections of Haiti), but the rainfall kept up so
that most of the bolls dropped or became diseased, and before the
remainder could approach maturity the cotton caterpillars had
stripped the plants. Counts made of cocoons in several parts of the
field showed that 40 per cent were empty, due to a common ant
attacking the prepupae. Adults of Chalcis incerta Sresson were
also collected in the same field but w6re not abundant, and none
emerged from a large series of Alabama pupae collected.

WOOLLY-BEAR CATERPILLAR (Diacrisia virginica Fab.)

PF. L. 2homas (May 9): The
season in southern Texas.
considerable damage if not

second brood whichh has occurred this
Caterpillars are abundant and may cause

COTTON SQUARE-BORER (Uranotes melinus Hbn.)


R, W Earned (June 22): The cotton square-borer has been received
from several counties. This species has also been reported as
injuring bean pods,

RED SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)


W. J. Baerg (June 25): Outbreak of red spider on cotton developing
in Monroe and Crittenden Counties,

SALT-MARSH CATERPILLAR (Estiamene acraea Drury)



We Da Hunter (June 10): Reports indicate general but not very
heavy occurrence of the salt-marsh caterpillar throughout south-
eastern Texas.

F. Le Thomas (June 15): Another outbreak of Estignmene acraea
was reported on about r00 acres of cotton in Brazoria County.
Although the caterpillars were in practically all stages I think
they are mostly of the third brood. Cotton at this point was
small and much of it was being stripped. Paris green diluted with
lime, 1 part in 4, was being arplied but apparently only a few of the
large worms had been killed.

R. We Earned (June 8): Damage to cotton by the.safl-marsh
caterpillar in Jackson, Noxubee, Oktibbeha, -and Chickasaw


Mis size ip]


200 -
A TIGER MOTH Apantesis oithona Stkr.)

pi. ., 14. Harned (June 227: jinr 1.t6 Irasttn'ohth there has been
.. quite a s'eriou .outbreak Cof .15air.y caterpilars in cotton
fields in PFarft's of easter' alid sothern-Mgsissispi. Ad.ilts
reared have 'been determ'.ined byU H..:'enzain, 'Curator of the
William Barnes collection at DecatWi, Ii as follows pantesis
oithona Stkr .(1Q78) forz, normal rectiLinea French, (1879) ab.
conspicua .Stretc,."Cl'9066) %Most of the ccnrlaint in reward *
Sto this insect came'from'cot*o_ owers, but i.'sbme cases many
garden plants were. 'destroye ;
In'most. cases 'that have .Qn't; our. attention, the fields where
these insects have cauis daMap 'erei.n' sod last' year. In all
other cases only .crops`-res 'br uncultivated fields
were attack.eda. Usually these iprms appeaed in. rather low places
close to svainps. Reports. of-.fese insects cme fatf quite a
number of" cputies, but spec'ieAi ver actually' received only
,from Jaqkson county on the .-ulf Coas a adfrom Noxu.bee, Chicknsaw,
Sand Oktibobebounties-in.' t nortl.nstiern part'pf the State.

B1ET' (Lf-t~hy* m` 'exi=ua Huebnl)

iT, D) UVrbahi t '22): About '250 acr6s of first planting com-
pletely. destroyed an4. 200'.-cre'.pf second pienting.badly injured,
Three tho' andI acres infest ed 'Iace.'district. Poisoned
bran mash'being sprayedd bycottonr' plante r' an:d. grin seeders
over nearly 3000 acres, -

E A,- MceGregor-{Ifay 26)r-' Owin'g 'to press-.ure and appeals from
o. otto.n. growers,w w were imnpelled. to visit one planting near
V6plar','.Tulare.buaty, TTe.,f'eld as of 130 -cres'which on {he'O"
S23d showed a perfect stana. and perfect condition. Durizg the
short interval between then end The day of o'ur- visit (May 26)
the pest became present in such numbers as to'destroy about 12
Solid acres and to threaten the entire field. A species of
.,pigweed .(.Amaranthus) appeared.t.o be the nep.tive hos. plant, but
these' Weeds had become a-iost" ept ',ay by the va't numbers of
worms, *r/ .* :.
Hardly a leaf of, the cotton plants pould be.. found in the center
of infestation thit' was free of the caterpil-ars. As many as 29
larvae were counted on a single, small, seedling. The foliage w.
being skeletonrized', ': ....0*"
Judging from the complaints t.h.t h'v6 bome to us concerning this
pest it would seem established that its ocTArrence is rather
general over the cotton growing area*of Tulare eand. Kern Counties.

1` R19 Braun (June 2): In Til are County young cotton plant leaves
were eaten severely by the first '.nei'.-tiono They. are pupating
now, indicating that damage is over for fie present.

AN AMMOEM (.Prodgo ia praefica Grotel,


White C, BP.rbcr (June 15);., Second cutting of alfa-lfa drives ,
the larvae'into cotton fields. .Tnfestetion in sLe l6*alities
ini Kern 'County is secri6us, Godd control with poisoned bran


- 201 -


CUTOP.IS (geltin sp.)


A. C. Morg-n (June 23).: Ciitwormns have beer unusually numrnerous,
some fields showing ] C3 per cent infestation of the newly-set
plants over consicerablo areas.

SOD WE0-2O.' Cnr;-mbus spp.)


A. C. Morgan (June 23): Sod webworms have been scarcer than usual
in the vicinity of Ciarksville.

TIZ--70CrS (C u. sellus Clem.)


A. C. I.Torgan (June 23): Mr. Gilmore reports that in the Dark
Tobacco Belt of Virgirnia Cr?:nuus ca.liginosellus Cler. is wery
widespread pni injurious to both young corn and tobacco. Some
growers have h-ta to reset their crops almost completely at
the first resetting, ani have had from 25 to 50 per centt to
reset in the second ird. third resettings. Some fields of corn
have had to be entirely replanted. Trap baits are exercising
from 50 to 65 -oer cent control.

TOkEACC0 WCF0M (Pr-'tcnr-e nuiqiciernaculata HIw.)







F. So ChaLibe.:3in (Jina 19): At Quincy the hornworm emergence
appears to be about normal at the present time, Usually 75 per
cent of the emergence takes place between June 16 and July 15.

A. C. or-an (June 23): Tobaccon hornwormns are not as numerous
as usual at this season of the year,

BUTO09.M (Lf.iothi: virescens Fabq)

F. S. Ortnberlin (Jine 17): The budwormnn infestation in Gadsden
County is about normal at the present time*

TOBACCO THRIFPS (Frankliniella fuscn Hinds)

F. S,7 Climberlin (J'.me 17): Although the season has been
apparently very favorable for thrips no injury has resulted to
tobacco from. this pest. ITo remedies were used.

TOBCCC FLEA BEETLE (7pitrix .rv-Ia Fab.)

F. So Cihamberlin (May '27) Shade tobacco in CGadsdern County is
-only slightly infested with the tobacco flea beetle.

A. C. Morgan (June 23): The tobacco flea beetle has been unusually
Scarce this year, no reports having been received of severe
damage to plant beds, and the damage to yowng plants in the' field
has been less than usual.



CIGARETTE BEETLE (Lasidermp. serricorme Fab.)

A. C. Morgan (June 23): During a recent trip to Florida I visited
Tamrpa and interviewed a number of cigr manufacturcTse It*is
interesting to know that fanig.tion with- hydrocyanic-acid gas
is coming into use in "a rroa.. Then the work was first started,
there, years ago, nothing was being done to control the cigarette
beetles and reco.-.imendations for fumigation met with little
favor at the time. Tnhe annual loss to Tampa cigar manufacturers
from returned goods amounts to $75,000 to $100,000.

GREEN JUTNE BEETLE (Cot'inis nitida L.)

A. C. Morgan (June 23): The grubworm, Cotinis nitida L., was
about as injurious as usual, a few beds being almost entirely
uprooted by its activity.

WIRE70BMS (Elateridae)


A* C. Morgan (June 23): True wireworms are very widespread in
the Burley region, centering around Lexington, and, scarcely
a field following sod fp.als to show same infestations

EASTERN FIELD WIREWORM (Limonius agonus Say)


Arizona and
J.e LIe'-ico



W. E, Britton (June 2): About a dozen growers at Windsor
report injury, One has 84 acres under cloth and 45 to 50 acres
were destroyed and replmanted, some af it twice. After several
days cf hot weather most of the wirewcrms disappeared, probably
going deeper into the soil. (See also under general feeders.)

A WEEVIL (Trichobaris sp.)

A. C. Morgan (JTune 23): Mr. Joe LMilam, now working in Arizona
and New M1exico,, has sent in tobacco stalks infested with an
apparently unknown species of weevil larva. These specimens
have been determined as Trichob-iri1 sp. by H. S. Barber. In
the localities where this species was collected Mr. Milam
reports man infestation of 75 per cent.

CrANE FLIES (Tipylidae)

A. I,* Bourns (June 22): Dr. Fernald visited a tobacco field just
west of IAmhersu, in Hi.dley, in response to a complaint of severe
cutworm injury. Upon exiT.ination of the 'field he could find no
cutworms and none of the plants had been severed' from the root
but the leaves vere considerably riddled id in some cnses the
center buds had been devoured so tha probably no further
development could take place. After considerable search he was
able to find specimens of crane fly larvae.

We Fe Britton (June 5): At Windsor newly-set Plirnts are injured
by being eaten into the side of the stems just belo-7 the surface
of the ground.

- 203 -


CHNCH BUG (lissus leucopterus Say)


Jo 17. Ingram (June 15): Over 500 acres of unflooded rice has
been destroyed by chinch bugs in Arkansas County this spring.
On a much larger acreage the chinch bugs have killed so many
of the young rice plants that the stand is very poor. Where
discovered in time the chinch bugs are being controlled by
flooding the fields. Allsbtages of the insect were found on rice
in the unflooded fields.


SUGARCANE BEETLE (U-etheola rugiceps Lec.)


J. W. Ingram (June 16): Sug?.rcane beetles were attacking rice in
unflooded fields and lowering the stand to some extent in the
vicinity of Stuttgart. A number of dead beetles were collected
on the irrigation water in lately flooded fields.

SUGARCANE BORER (Diatraea srccharalis Fab.)



New York


New York

T. E. Holloway and W. E. Haley (May.20): At a plantation near
Morgan City numerous "dead hearts" caused by the sugarcane moth
borer were noticed in a grden plot of special varieties of sugar-
cane. The owner estimated that within the last few weeks he has
cut out 1,000 dead plants from about three-quarters of an acre.
Besides large larvae we noticed one pupas The borer is probably
about two weeks in advance of a normal year.



THITF.-MAXED TUSSOCK MOTH (HMmerocampa leucostina
S. &A.)
T. Vo Schaffner Jr. The first generation of this species is
very common in Everett and Revere, Mass., on shade trees.

R. E, Horsey (June 25): The white-marked tussock moth is reported
as more numerous than usual in Rochester and occurs in some
numbers in the vicinity of New York City.

M. H. Swenk (May 25-June 25): An unusual abundance, amounting Almost
to an outbreak, of the fite-marked tussock moth has developed
ih Lincoln and other cities in eastern Nebraska.

ALL WEB7OBM (Uypbantria cunea Drury)

E. P. Felt (June 25): Recently hatched fall webworm larvae were
observed near Albany June 15,

GREEN FRUIT WORM (Graptolitha antennata Walk.)

J. V. Schaffner Jr. (June 26): An infestation of Xylina antennata


- 204 -

ITew7 Yozk


!Tew York


is estimated as covering 30O-n6cres. Feeding on black, 17illo7,
nnd soft vnyple. Sone'trees were 100 per cent defoliated on
J-une 20.

J. V. Sch-ffncr Jr. (June 26): A'fen acres in a maple swamp
at Mast Fisl-kill badly infested by Xylna rnten:n.ta; some trees
50 per cent defoliated Juine 12.

FAHIL OAI.CE70OBLI (Alsophil Trometari,- karris)

J. V. Schpffncr Jr. (June 26): '.This species apparently quite
common. Some observations recorded -s follows: Southbturr, Conn.,
some linden and maple trees stripped. At Kenneb'mk-port, /I.ine,
infestation .along highway for a mile. On June 20th defoliation
rated at 10"per cent on elm, maple, and fruit trees. At Deering
Junction, Maine, quite abundant on apple.
E. P. Felt (.June 25): The fall cahkerworm has been very ab-undnt
and injuripous in the southeastern portion of -Westchester County.

BAGWORP (Thyridopteryx enhemer-eforimis Hw.)

L. Haseman (June 25): This pest has nol sho'dn up this spring
as abundantly as d-jring tne pnst cou-ple of seasons thlough some
are complainin.i of the pest on fruit,-cshade, nd evergreen trees.
The caterpillar is now about a fourth grorv-.m.

LIM TREE SPAX0I. (7r.nnrs tiliaria Harr.)

New Engtland and J. V. Schrffner Jr. (June 26): Reports indicate thts species
New York is corx.on through moot of -the State, Some observations recorded
as follows: Westport, N.Y., very plentiful; Chesterfield,
N. Y., abundant, some tree stripped; Cranberry Lake, ITN, Y.,
in forest of beech, maple, and yellow birch, trees noticeably
defoliated. Barre, Xt., infestation general but light, Strafford,
S. *-'. .'... .ondonderry,'ar.i Dorset, Vt., plentiful. Powell, Vt., light to
medium infestation, Essex, Vt., area.of 30 acres badly infested,
some red Oaks completely stripped. Jericho, Vt., plentiful, some
elm and cherry trees 75 per cent defoliated. Woodford, Vto,'
6 to 8 squ;.re miles of.woodland heavily infested, "
Ne-T York E, P., Felt (Ju.e 25): Lime tret. splnworm larvae have been
extremely abundant over much of the Adirondacks and in portions
of the Catskills, defoliating some of the smaller trees beside
open areas and seriously injuring underbrush. The caterpillprs
feed by pr ference upon bass7ood, oak, Ihard maple, and birch
in'about the order named. There appears to have been no
extensive stripping. The insect appears to have been relatively
*scarce at lo6er-elevations.

'* 1SPANOMA ( subsiiarius Huebn.)

Michi gan

BR H, Pettit (June .6): .Reports of infcst-tions by whit I take
to be Ennos subsinarius, although, of course, it may be

'*. *f*




- 205 -

something else. Any way they are light green and dark brown
striped :ortrid caterpillars working in woodlots ?nd i-rks here
and there all over.

OYSTER SHELL SCALE (Lnpidosaphes ulmi L.)

W. P. Flint (Juiine 18): Thnere is more indication of parasitism
of this scale than at any time during the last several years.
A lighter hatch occurred on all trees in the vicinity of Urbana.

RI SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)

Ho F. Dietz (June 12): The red spider has done and is doing
serious damage to all kinds of orn,-r.3ntal trees, shrubs, and plants,
such as evergreens (all kinds), bush honeysuckle, Buldleia,
phlox, delphiniis; columbine, sweet peas, asters, beans, beets,
gladioli, dahlias, etc.

PERIODICAL CICADA (Tibicina sBentendecim L.)




R TW. Harned (June 11): I sent out a newspaper article to all
the papers in the State and the papers that circulate in this
State, and in response to that, I have received a dozen or more
packages of cicadas but there are no specimens of the periodical
cicada. Most of the cicadas that I have received are Tibicen
auletes G;rm,-. T vitriennis Say and a few specimens of T.
sayiS&G and To iruio-a Say. I do nct believe that wi will be
able to get any records on Brood XXIV in this State this year.
Unless some specimens are actually obtained of this brood or
unless specimens were actually seen by an entomologist in 1899
and 1875, i am inclined to' believe that the correspondents mistook
other cicadas for the periodical cicada. I find that most people
who send in cicadas think they are sending the periodical cicada.
They do not realize thbt we have in this State about 20 other

SE, Hinds- (June 15): Occurrence of the periodical cicada
around Trodnax, Yiorehouce Parish, La,, was reported at this
time in large and doing serious injury to the stands of.
cotton in some fields,

E. Haseman (ifay 28): In my earlier bulletin on the periodical
cicada. I reported that rdppeared to be a n-unber of authentic
records in Missouri on the appearance of the 17-year broods
which appeared in 1919. These cane from an earlier survey by
Prof. Steadman in the sumner of 1902, I rechecked on all of the
localities from which the earlier records came during the last
visitation of this brood during 1919 and I failed to get a
single authentic record of the ocurr3nce of this brood west of
the Mississippi River. This of course, .gr~es with LI-,rlattls
earlier report though the original Steadman records appeared to
be. authentic. I had the original letters-from each individual
reporting the appearance of the cicada in 1902, but evidently
in each case they must hve referred to the common 2-year cicada



- 206 -


for the brond failed to show up anywhere in our 1919 Survey. This
merely &es to show that in records of this sort on.e can- never
be t6o sure, particularly where anything new and striking comes

MU HQ Swenk (May 25): Relative to Brood XVI of the periodical
cicada, I believe there is an error here* Although Nebraska never
extended east of the Missouri River, or south of the 40th parallel,
in 1857 it included much of the D>.kotaa, Mcniana, Wyoming, and
northeastern Colorado; ii fact it reached its present boundaries
only in 1861. Some of the earlier reports use the name in a very
broad sense, and in the fifties-it was sometimes loosely used for
localities rowv in Kansa, and it may be this record of the periodi-
cal cicada for Richardson County in 1857 really pertained to some
locality farther south, Again it may have been a plain mnisidenti-
fication, At any rate, it was not found by us in 1908 nor do I
have any records of it left me by Brbf, Bruner for the year 1891.
My opinion: is that we have only Brood IV, vhich I traced over
a considerable area in southeastern Nebraska in 1913, and of which
we have records of occurrence in Otoe County in 1896.

IPSY. MOT. (P thetria di s r L.

Mas s.chus e tts

A. ;. Bourne (May 26): -ipsy moths are present in such\small
numbers that the orchireists are practically ignoring the-im., Mr.,
Zr-rPr, of South Lincoln, finds but 20 egg masses onzb.cu6t
1,200 young trees. (June 22): Mr, lacroix states that
while the gipsy moth can be found sa--rrwhat on a very fem bogs, yet
his observation would indicate that it is causing less and less
damage each year.

Rhode Island A. F Stene (June 20): Scouting for the gipsy moth indicates
that this in3cect is rather more widely distributed thnr. at u-F
time in the past and is quite a little more abundant than it wss
last year, although so far there has been little indication of
prospective defoliation in any of the sections in Ahich .we have



BR0,WN-TAIL MOTH (&proctis c:hrvsorrhoeaI L.)

A9 I* Bourne (May 26): Brown-tail moths are present in such '
small numbers that the orchardists are practically ignoring them,


AYJ0.VITAE LEAF MINER (Argvresthia thu5 ella Pack. )
EF L. Chmabers (June 10): Specimens. were sent in for determina-
tion with statement that quite a largo number of trees in
Milwaukee are being injured by the arborvitae leaf m-nei',

RED SPIDER (Tetr.nnychus telarius L.)


Es L. Chambers (June 10): Several complaints have been received
from nurserymran in the southern part of the State who have had

- gO7 -

New York

evergreens heavily attacked. by'the rod. spider. -iany arborvitae
in yarc i11n thi -- zc- iA !!r-T '-1,c-l zrd Yrnt Pl7 t i yo'-r .cit z
while red cedars wcc h:ii f-i of wI.-_


SPID 11 WITMI-F-1-11 GAL elSS iztr," Pnino-Ju3sh-.

E. Po Felt (Ji-ne 25): HaKmamell.tes si.n-su- were unusully
ab-nidant in the on both ray a.d black lireh near
Al-bany in arly June.

BF.::. 3I- BICH BORER (Arl.s nnxius Gory)

New York

E, P. Felt ( 25): The bronze birch borer continues to
destroy bi-c--,s ir: this 'tate, a f-w beir.g rcnved from Highland
Par"r, Rochere.,. this spin! and dying or dead trees being
observed here !an. the:e in other parts af the State,

3IRCH LFA :.:;--_ ( Klu-ag )

New York

E, P. Felt (Hay 28): The birch leaf miner, 7enusa prmila Zlug .
was extremely abunidant upc-i- -:oung birch at S *nn2tom, on Maky
27, an indication that the c'-k of this recently introduced
insect will be very prev lent another season, (June 255): The
hirch leaf miner is somewhat a----.%.nnb and widely distributed in
the eastern part of the State, the first larval generation having
about ccmpleted its growth,

~QY~* Ff2 PlANT B~JG. (I.eotocor~s tri4tt~t~is Say)


M, H6 Sw-ink (hay 25-June 25): Numnbers of reports of an abundance
of the boxelder plant bug on boxelde trees have been received
during the period covered by this report

BO0I1DER A.?:ID (Peri-by:lus neUu.dinis Thos,)

ITebraska I

H, SeL.k. (.ify 25): C.laits of injury by the boxelder
aphid ^ .-:inrf_ n-.": e _-I_ -) contirnuea to c, cme ih from western
Ioet-'2sL. ccu:ties the first half of lvjay*

SP1i' lr Ca::?JILLAR (Thvneg sa antiopa L.)

".. _

M -, Swn..k .. ay 25-Jun.e 25):. Elm trees in the city 'f Holdrege,
Phel-ps C:nty, Twre some-.nh't injured during middle June by the
4Piny elm cate-pillr

-M" LA(2 26');2- (Kalisofenusa sIni Sund.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bou-rne (,.1,.y 26): Adults of this species were obs-rvCd

Ij'S; York

Mi s souri

-2 06 -
on Crmpderd.ovm --Ims in considerable numbers beginning P"bout
U-yr. 3.

E0 PQ Felt (.Tune 25) The elm lef mincr is extrjmcly ablmnlrnt
on groups of unsprayed elLs in Troy and vicinity.

Lo Hase.-.,-n (June 25): This insect was unusually notic-able,
c':,rllnx the leaves of the elm, particularly in the open country
this sprngand the migration to apple tr--., particularly to
young apple trees, is now shoring up in the form of little
clusters ar rxoad p8rin sc'rs an s, h places. The insect does
not s(n ic be ary rt''e ab i-n' t". during recent seasons,
but it is atttacTing acme attention.

ZT Lr7k2 ,2TL (C-leruc-Il luteola M1ull,)



New York


r. Ic-'Y ,"Jay 2C0): Adults first observed May 5. Eggs deposited
in laboratory on L-y 10.

EUROPEA= ELM SCALE (Goss-j)nria sri_.n Iod-eer)

Eugene Mendenball (June 5): In the central and southern part of
the State I find the Earopean elm scale ciuite general.

Herbert Osborn (May 28): Zlm trees are Colbmbus were infested
b7 this insect.

E& L. Chambers (June 10): Several trees have bben killed in
1ai 1: tble .l' -n-er elm cale rnr. it Isas been found seriously
i.l. .n-:'bsr ns In sevola'l wards of the city*
iLny tres3 in Mlv aukea are attauked by. it as well.

LIAPLZ IEA CLUTT3R (T' elrr:le sira nce-ifoliel3a Fitch)

C0 Cr Crcsby and assistants: Specirens sent in from Brentwood,
L. I. wiith a report that elm trees were tadly injured last
year and that the insects were starting to appear again this
T~ 1 P7'1

JLP"7IPFR %77 .--"'V. (M zoom-r.i? r ~ine FIq ab. )

2 F> Britton (June 24): Reported as causing serious injury to
J'nilper.s h.:,bern ca at Viest Mhvon and Linchester.

A FHYLIOX-R- (Phvlloxera _yavellana Riley)


He H. Srerk (May 25-June 25): From Douglas County specimens of
hicko-'.. tvigs showing very heavy irnfestation with what seems to
be .p7 17'orera (-Prva-avel1ane. were received late in I-ay,

ZnriLLY ELM APJ3D (Sriosoma oncric~nrn Piley)

- 20c -

LARCH C.A37, BA-'_ (.Icohohra laricella Huebner)



New York

7ill-arn Middlef-- (Jrj-.e 10): The larch case bearer is epidemic
oni 1&rch ,tit also on balsam fir and vfiite pine in
New En:glend, particularly 'a.ine, "Ew.v :-Imshire, a-n. '.c ssachU-
set ts, and in New York State in the region of Cran' :-:'y I.lce,
This information was recei-:ed frcm iH. D3 Piers.jn -rd H,-'-.-"loney
of tnis office ana S. T. Dana of the forest Servie.c

E. M. Patch (^.y 25): Birds (kind not reported) were V- dlg on
the iervae, of case bearer received, fr5E n) iiid
(June 20): Reported from Monnrouth and Col.umnbia T]Als, severe
dar..-e CLI.'l dcneG

C. R, Cr-osby and assistants: The larch planting on the campus
a Czrn3all University (Ithaca) is quite badly infested by
this insLectc

GIAITT SKIPPMR (Earyrreus tityrus F-b.)




Ind i .na



Jo J. Davis (June 24): The locust leaf-foldsr reported abundrant
and destructive on moss locust (Robinia hispida)at E-enzv lle
June 16,
LOCUST LEa' i2FER (Chalewus d.orsalis Thx-'b)

F, A, Gjysard. (T-ne 23); The locust leaf miner was received
f';,:m J- .Jon J 3re It seems to be doing considerable damage
iu' thst secti~o--,

A-T APHID ('- oprociphiilus aceris :Ionell)

L E., ritcn (Jie 24)" CbG-rvei in Ye-7 E'aven aM :-:?rden,
rand nuiy iknfested leaves ha.d curled and t'u-ned bro,..n,

BLhD'L. N.ALE CALL (E2:llocoptes o.."dirves Shim,)

S." ...... :_:- 2"); Rtceived from Paulding V-3! 29,
L.-. ,u.,, J- ae 2.3, ard iromr Swanton Jane 17, wih a report
t:'-',> .- i insect was attacking maple,,

Jo J.. ,i.- (r.i 24)o he 1-adder maple mll ir abundant on
rr- ie l..ve3 in ceittral ani soiathcentrail Indiana.

0CT.` NY "C:ZY'rJL- SCALE (Phulvinaria vitis L.)

. 7- '7rcffrer Jra (June 26): Several reports indicate this
sre .! a.; zat ier abundant on silver maple in towis and cities
aroau.n BoPo ton,

H. A. Gosoard (J-Tune 23): From June 6 to June 18 nhlvinaria
vitis 17as received from Gallipolis, Ifassillon, Orrville, Canton,

- ;io -





Co.nneaut, Cold"-ater, ar'. ClevelcrL. Somethi r like one-half
dozen reports were raceiv.." from Canton ani these indicated that
practically eli the "Lr.; in that city were severely attacked.

J. J. Davis (June 24): iM re extensive and in many localities more
abundant than for years. Infestations of conZspicuous importance
occurred fr:r. t. ext,- south to north end of the State, I2
past y-'.-s we have had no reports from the southern balf of the

H. F. Dietz (June 12): 7his scal3 is widely scattered over the
State an! reports are daily coming in from new localities. It is
attracti. :-oreattn:in this -'ear than any time since 1916, The
infestation r cpcr<.cdi & secn vary from very light to "er- heavy
even in the same Liocality.

TW. P. F1ut 12')5 This insect is moderately abundant
throu-gho' at cortial ani northern Illinois, many specimens having
been rcc.r.'- d during the past month fro3n cities and toxnms in this
area. Predators are not as abundant as usual; in fact, only very
few of the scales sent in have shown any indication of the
presence of ladybugs,

Po We Harned (June 22): The cottony maple scale was prolbebly never
more abu-i3ant or serious in this State than it has been for the
last six woLks. It hasobeen received from many points in the
C-2ESTPIPED MI MAPLE '.4OB (Anisota rubicunda Fab.)

L. Ic5se.-;-,. ,Tzhne 257.: ThFre is one locality in this State where
eyr so :t+c+-. a o ,'iouis epi~lcric of this caterpillar develops+ In
1906 they cc- "ileteLy defoliated soft maples over a larg3 terri-
tory in Jackson Countty ana recently a serious epidemic from the
same lo'-lity ha3 To my knowledge, it has never
attract.::! serious attention anywhere else in the State in the
last tw'r,:.ty yeca-',

TrITE PIIE SAWFL (iTpdoprion pinetn Noriton)



M. F, S'n-., (ray 5-.Jine 26): In a grove of white pine and yellow
pr .. .c.cj :C; r .... j trn. -cck Couury injury byw1it seemed from
t.. ..;s:-it.o. :;. ,be J.e white pine sawrfly was reported early
in Jr. er,o
PLW L-.. S:.L2 (Chionar.s ninifoliae Fitch)

Ao I, Bourne (T'-.y 26): We noted the first hatching young of
the pine leaf &cale .n or about May 19-21. (June 22): The eggs of
th pne -oiaf calecae :cre observed to be hatdc:ing around the 20th
of Mey. Practicallly all had hatched by the 25th., F_::E BF1-TIL (Dendroctonus frontalis Zirnr.)
have indicated thnt outbreals
Fe C, Craighead (June 8): Recent studies/of this insect occur
during peric.z of a7norrnally low rainfall. 'The U. S. Weather
Bureau reports that the rainfall for the first five months of 1925

- 2.11 -



has been much below nor.nal in the sautheastern sections of the
LUnited Statez, the defi5.ciency in rainfall at some stations being
as n.uch as 15 iches., ol'. the present dry spell continue it
is likely that unusually serious losses will develop this summer.
It is therefore recormended that all timberland owners keep a
close ratch on their pine lands.s 7anminations should be made onee
a month or oftener for clumps of dying trees, as indicated by
fading or brorn foliage, and reports sent immediately to l0r. E.
St C-?cre, Bureau of Entomologr Field Station, P. 0. 3ox 1518,
Ashevill,N., C,

A CEDYSSO"I-1. (C_^Qn3rJ l rir.nea var,)

C. Z. S.iith (J-z- 2)" Bcetles doi-ng severe injury at Covington
to pine bvy celin.; on needles. Small seedlings being injured
moct several,', I.nrestation extends from:1 mile vest of Covington
to Robert a-jou'; 15 miles.

B. W, Earrnea (Jr'ne 25): Beetles rere collected by our Inspector
Mr. H. aladney, at Ocean Springs, on June 23,1925, from the
property of .'r. T. P. Harden, and sent in to this office with the
following note: "These beetles have eaten the foliage on ten
acres of yo-ung pines, The pines look as though they have been
burned by fire. My hat :-.ould not hold the beetles from three
trees. The owner first noticed this infestation about one week

C0.TO:r:'.r ,'- Chaitorhjrus bruneri Williams)


M HE, S'^r."- ( Tu',>. r1." -om Holt Co-vrty a report of injury to
cottonwood txres j 1.. tLa aphid C[naitoThorus bruneri was received
early in Jare.

A SHIELD BEARER (Coptodisca sp.)

New Mexico

New York

New York

Paul M,1. Gilmer (Jrs 22): WTe have received a report from Hudson
with a statement that these insects rere'attacking "apple trees,"

J. A. Hyslop: The specimens received were Aspen so this is
evidently a typographical crrcr. Th- cocbons were characteristicly
those of Cojto.. E b-ct .eal were fastened together fn a most
unusual rmanner ti-.h si.-ci th--eeds several times the length of a
cocoon, Th's .w 7p- arertL:- not accidental as in every case these
coccoons ware in su-ch chains.


A Eucosmid (Ar,,yroploce abietana Fern.)

E. P. Felt (June 25): Olethreutes abietana Fern.)was reared in
large nurhers from a speci_'n of Colorado blue spruce growing
at Wilminfton, Essex County. It has also been reported as working
upon Picea asperata at Rochester. This insect appears to-have
been "unusually abundant.
A EJCOS,'.ID (.,pinotia nanana Triet.)
E. P. Felt (J'ne 25): A small species, Dpnctia nanana (Ident.Busck),

REW SPIDMR (Tetranvychus bitac ilatus rErvey)

I eb raska



West Virginia

M. H. Swank (May 25-Jure 25): Cedars, spruces, and other everrreer.s
are being considerably worked upon by the cc.rnnon red spider
the present June.

Philip Garman (June 24): Caused considerairp larri; drinrg Ilay
and June at Hiamden, Cheshire, and Milford.


A MITE (Briophyes sp.)

E T. eHarned (June 22): Froii different parts of the State black
walnut leaves have beer deceived iitn -.-ils on th---,c These ralls
have been determined by Dr. E. P. Felt, Dr. H. E E,-?nz, and
others as being caused by Erionhyes sp.





Herbert Osbornr(May 28): Aphids of var5.ous species 1ave been
fo.'-n plenctifully at Columbus, and hare beeni noticed Iarticularly
upon ro3 %s and spiraea. Coccinellid bee.'les anid :c-.7ingcd
flies have been quite effective in ettesks on tr e c_,idoy

BEAN 1APHID (Aphis rur.ici.s Ti.)

Fred E, Brooks (Jtne 22): Shrubs of waahoo, atror.trprure'is
and strawberry bush,F, american-as, growing on a 1,I.-n are so bv.dly
injured by the bean aphid that recovery is dc'ib'tful-

PED, SPYLER. (Tetrarirchnis t elarilus L,)



Geo r ia

A. I .une (J ne 22): Prof. Eoon reports that in the market
3mrrden Le:joon around Doston, where geenhouse tomatoes an-
cucumbern b are gror, the gr-tnhouse red opiLer is apinrently becoming
more a -:.r -.!Ey: prieval-nt,,

Ro T, HLzrr. i (W,:, 22)" 1Rd spider injury, has been r.'ported front
many pltc', diicfl on hedges and ornamental plants,,

SAN JOSF ?C.'L% (Psvddiotus pernicliosus Comr-t.)

On IT Snapp (June 6): The Sanh-Jose scale has bcen increasing very
rapidly doxring the last several -seeks on shrubs and orngr.entalh
in yards of Fort Valley,

, I ; r!

L MEALiYBUGS (Pseiudiqocccus sp.)


It. W. Harned (June 22): MIeaiybugs have been received from a
number of correspondents. They a.-:p.rently cause more dcm'ace
in places infested with the Argentine ant than in other places.
Figs and ornamental plants are mast frequently infested.

GAPR=I FLEA30PFER (Halticus citri Ashm.)


New York



R. E, Wall (June 13): The plant leafhopper, Halticus citri,
is common in the greenhouses in the Twin Cities where mosaic
trouble of cucumbers is prevalent.

GREENHOUSE LEAF TYFR (Fhl7ctaenia rubisalis Guen.)

P. Jf C-man:(ATis is causing a great deal of trouble in green-
houses at Buffalo. It lays eggs in most of the stock, but
particularly snapdragon.


COZN ROOT APHID (Anuraphis maidi-radicis Forbest)

J& J. Davis (June 24): First report was received June 17 from
Shelbyville. In this case the species was evidently Aohis


CAMKA LEIN-ROIER (Calpodes ethlius Cram.)

R. W. Harned (June 22): The large canna leaf-roller has been
received from several correspondents with reports of serious
injury to canna plants.


COLUMBINE LEAF MINER (Phytomyza aquilegiae Hardy)


M H. Swenk (May 1-25): From Boone County on the first of M1?y
came information of the practical destruction of the leaves
of cultivated columbine plants by the leaf miner Phytomyza

ZEBRA CATERPILLAR (Mamestra i picta Harr-.)


R. H. Pettit (June 11): I received today a complaint from
Dowagic, where many thousands of zebra caterpillars are eating
gladioli in the plantation of a gladiolus grower. This is rather
an unusual complaint.



J. Jo Davis (June 24): Injuring an extensive planting of
gladiolus at Loogootee June 18.


A SAWFLY (lacrophva simnillir.a Rohv7er)


17. FT Britton (June 20): Larvae eating the lower leaves of
goldenglow at Greents Farms, *.estport. Plants vere all
defoliated last season by July 11. Adults reared and many
collected this season.


LESSER BULB-FLY (Eumerus strigatus Fallen)

North Carolina

Franklin SHerman (June 30): "Ar. C. S. Brimley of this office
grows a considerable number of bulbs at Raleigh, and while he
has never noted insect infestation of them, yet he has twice
taken the adult of this:species in his grden, as follows: July
22, 1924, a male; June 16, 1925, a female. 1These are our first
records of the presence of this insect in this State.


OYSTER SHELL SCALE ( Lepidosaphes ulmi L.)

New York


North Carolina


C "R. Crosby (April 18): Badly infested lilac twigs received
from Coming, (June 7): Badly infested branch received from

J. J, Davis (May 28): First young hatched May 23 at Lafayette.
However, cold weather the night of the 23d stopped hatching.
Consequently, the period of hatching will likely extend over
a two-week period,


CATTLEYA FLY (Isosoma orchidearum West7.)

Franklin Sherman (June 30): An orchid.-grower at Asheville reported
injury which was investigated by Mr. J. C, Crarford who reports
it to be this insect. Thts is ou: first record of this insect
in the State.

RED SPIDER -(Tetranychus telarius L. )

J?.J. Davis (June 24): reported injuring phlox Junor 5 at
Lebanon. Reports from other sections of the State ef injury to
evergreens and hydrangea. Dry, hot weather is evidently
responsible for this injury



A TORTRICID (Cacoecia pprallela Rob.)

New York

New York

E. P. Felt (June 25): A tcrtricid, Cacoecia rarallela has been
very abundant and injurio'Us to privet in Rochester.


RHOD0DRMIDON ILACEBUC- (Sterhanitis rhododendri Horv.)

R. E. Horsey (June 25): The rhododendron lacebu-ag is numerous
in Highland Park, Rochester.


ROSE LEA\FROLLEP. (Archips rnsaceana Harr. )

New York

E. P. Felt (June 25): RE E. Horsey reports that 'the rose leaf
toller was very numerous in early 2une on hybrid perpetual roses
at Rochester.

ROSE SA'-FLY (Caliroa aethipps Fab.)



New York


M. HB. Swenk (May 25-June 25): The first report of injury by
the rose slug for the season was received from Polk County on
June 11o
FLOWER THRIPS (Euthrips tritici Fitch)

P He Pettit (.June 15): I am receiving and finding the common
f cler thrips on many flowers this year. The hot, dry spell
during vihich we have just passed seems favorable tb-thenm. Many
rose Luds are being blasted.

STAJZ OBRER (Payai-pemn. ritela Guen.)

EB, P. Felt (June 25): BR F, Horsey reports that the stalk borer
has beei attacking tender roseftips at Rochester.

A SCARABAEID (Trichiotinus viger Fab *)

H, F.P, Dietz (June 12): A heavy'infestation of adults of this
insect was: observed in the flowers of hybrid perpetual roses.
As many as 8 adults were taken from one bloom. They were
apparently after the pollen but were ruining the flowers in their
attempts to get to the stamens, The variety Frau Karl Druschki
was most heavily attacked.


SPIRPJA APHID (Aphis spireaella Schout.)


IU Haseman (June 25) This aphid has attracted attention throughout
the month of June though it is growing less abunrant toward the
endaof the month.



A CXRAY3YCID ET-^ (Tecu3 inrornata Say)


P. T.o Earned (June 22):. The ceram'bycid beetle !'?cas
inornata was fond. girdling the tops of sunflowers at INatchez
by W. L. bray on June 13.



HOUSE FLY (.i-sca dormesticm L.)









.i Baseman (June 25): Though the season is not very far
advanced, the house flies seem more abundant than usual and
.especially for this season of the year.

0. G. Babcock (June 2a): Ho-us flies are more numerous at
Sonora, San Angelo, and Ozona at this time of the year than
ever before observed for the. past five years. A few cases of
typhoidl fever reported and one death. Source of infection
not proved definitely. There are no sewage systems in Ozona
or Sonora.
CHIC-E=S (Trombicula irritans Riley)

J. J. Davis (June 24): Reports of chigger abundance have been
received from southern Indiana.

.I. H. Srenk .(Hay 25.June 25): The first reports of chigger
attack on man for the season have come from Boyd County on
June 17.

L. Haseman (June 25): Throughout central Missouri during the
middle. of June the first signs of an epidemic of chiggers
was observed and complaints are coming'Into the office from
various localities.

0. G. Babcock (June 22): On May 11 the first record of chigger
attack was. obtained from Menard. The chiggers were very few
in numbers. A later visit on June 21 give 42 chim-er .ites on
the person, a great increase over IMay 11 of approximately
90 per cent.
:IOSQLJITOES (Culicidae)

R. VT, Harned (June 22): Troy Thompson reports mosquitoes
unusually abundant at laveland, in Hancock County,on the Gulf
SALT-11.RSH MOSQUITO (Aedes sollicitans WTalk.)

T. E. Holloway (June 15): .For the last few days the City of
ITer Orleans has been overrun with salt-marsh mosquitoes,








Culex sollicitans. Not only the residence districts but the
business section is invaded and the mosquitoes bite day and
BLOOD-SUCKING CONElOSE (Triatoma sanguisui Lec.)

R. W. Earned (June 22): Several specimens of this bedbug were
received from a correspondent at Woodland, who wrote: "They
were found in our house last year and have appeared again this
year. I have found them mostly on the beds and they sting or
bite the children at night. Last year I found about two dozen
of them, finding from one to three at a time. This year we
have found three, one of them in a neighbors house."

DOG FLEA AK CAT FLEA (Ctenocehalus canis Boucbe and
Q. is Boxche)

MH He Swenk (May 25-June 25): More than the usual number of
infestations of houses with fleas were reported during June.

Lo Haseman (June 25): Complaints continue to come in regarding
fleas infesting livestock farms in particular.

AMERICAN DOG TICK (Dermacentor variabilis Say)

A C. Bishopp (April and May): During April and May this';tick
was fairly abundant in brushy pastures in the region around

F. C. Bishopp (April): This tick was reported to be present
in great abundance in the vicinity of Fifield during April. It
was causing blood loss and "worry" to livestock and attacking

m, H, Swenk (May 1-25): A Kearney County woman complained of
getting infestation by the American dog tick while pulling weeds
in her flower garden on May 5.


HORSE FLIES (Tabanus spp.)

L. Haseman (June 25): Recently over portions of central Missouri
an unusual epidemic of two species of horse flies has occurred.

CANYON HORSE FLY (Mabanus rubescens Bell.)

V6 'o Laake (June): The canyon horse fly has increased considerably
during this month in the Dry FriP Canyon, As many as 25 flies
have been observed on one animal during the last few days.


HORN FLY (Haematobia irritans L.)

. C* Bishopp (May 27): The number of horn flies has increased

-2 17-



considerably during the month but cool v weather has held them in check
to some extent. The average number per animal is about 200. Although
they are annoying dairy cattle some dairymen have not begun to spray
for them.

Missouri L. Haseman (J-une 25): This little fly is now infesting livestock
in swarms and seems tore abundant than usual at this season

Texas Ee W. Laake (Uay 20): It is rare to see over half a dozen horn
flies per animal in southwestern Texas. The extreme dry and hot weather
has held this species of fly down to smh an extent that in many
places it neons to be almost entirely absent. (June 20): Horn flies
have increased considerably during the last month and conditions
are now very favorable for their development,

0, G., Baboc/: (.June 20): At Menard adults are averaging from 150
to 250 flies per anl"al. Sores 'ere3 also beginning to appear. (June 23):
At Sonora adults are averaging around 50 to 100 per animal, Very
few signs of sores appearing,

STABLE FLY (Stcmo7-s calcitrans L.)

Ohio FP s. Bishop (t!y 27): A few stablefflies have been present at
Columbis throughout the month but they have not been numerous enough
to cause much anrnoyance to stock -

SCREWO'I (hr-,somnya macellaria Fab.)

Ohio F., 3ishopp (1vyM 28): In examining swarms of flies around an animal
rendering plant near Colu.bus I saw and collected a single specimen
of the scrcwwcrm fly. This is probably the earliest occurrence re-
corded for this species at this latitude. The following percentages
-how the approximate relative abunder eof the different species at
this r ;-n.33ring plant:
P'Iorj ren. a_ 84,5 per cent Lucilia sericata- 0.25-.e.-cent
P. terrac;iovae -- 15.0 per cent Musca domestic 0.25 per cent

Texas E. W. Laake (May 20): The screw-:orm fly is extremely abundant corm-
rared to other spccies of flies throughout southwestern Texas. Worm
cases in livestock are increasing and are very heavy where animals
h?,c rec-ntly been branded. (J-un-e 20): The screwworm fly is "unusually
abundant thro-...cut southwestern Tcxa-. In the Iuecez and Brio
canyons trappings show that over 95 per cent of all flies caught are
of this species and when a good bait is supplied the trdPs fill-UP
frcfn- 2 tis3 timzs a rzek. Worm cases have increased over 200 per
cent during this month. In one herd of sheep in the Dry Frio Canyon
16 per cent of the animals were infested. The average is about 2 to
3 per cent for all classes of livestock, but is from 50 to 100 per
cent for new-borrn alves and freshly branded animals. One case of
scre >orms infesting the ear of a three-months-old Nexican child
living in the Dry Frio- Canyon, 30 miles ncrth of Uvalde, has been
under the observation of the writer during the past 'eek.

0. G. Babcock (June 23); Flics continuesin superabundance at Sonora.
"Wormy" cases in wounds continue on all ranches. Remedial measures



as recorymme2nded by U. So. D. A. are being carried out, especially
as to wormi killers and repMllants.

S .CATTLE GRUBS (Hynoderma bovis DeG. and H. lineatum DeVill.)

Ohio F. C. Bishopp (1fay 27): Apparently annoyance from the oviposition
of the cattle hot flies has not been very great to date. Cattle
have been attacked on warm days but the actions indicate that the
agitation of the. stock is mostly due to H. lineatum.,
On May 1 apparently all ZH lineatum larvae had left the cattle
backs. On May 27 a considerable number of Li. bovis larvae were still
present in the backs of the cattle. The number ranged from 0 to 15
per animal.
There is some difference of opinion as to comparative number of
grubs in the backs of cattle in Ohio this year as compared with the
*average. Most agree that the number is less than last year, which
was az exceedingly bad year for them.


SPINOSE FAR TICK (Ornithodoros megaini Duges)

Texas E. 17. Laake (June 20): Almost all sheep, cattle, and many goats are
infested in the upper Dry Frio Canyon. Both pear and adult stages
are present. Several cases of screrworms, resulting from sore ears
',caused by the ear tick, have been observed.

SUCKING GOAT LOUSE (Linognathus stenopsis Burm.)

Texas E4 We Iaake;( Fairly common in the Dry Frio Canyon and some individuals
are heavily infested.

BITING GOAT LICE (Trichodectes hermsi Kellogg and
c limax Nitzsch)

Texas E. V, Laake:( Every goat observed in the Dry Frio Canyon is infested
with biting goat lice. The infestations are very heavy in most herds
and are causing considerable damage to mohair. Very little dipping
is practiced,


Ohio F. C. Bishopp (May): The body louse, sbaft loist and head louse
are present in about the usual numbers this spring. Some flocks
are very heavily infested, The body louse being the most abundant
and injurious. There chicks have been hatched *ith hens about the
normal loss has been sustained.

CHICKEN HEAD LOUSE (Lipeurus heterographus Nitzsch)

Texas E. W. Laake:( The chicken head louse is present in almost all flocks
observed in the Dry Frio Canyon. At many places this pest has caused
grgat annoyance and considerable losses among young chickens.

ROSE CHAFER (=-Xcrodctyvl-us su'sninosus Fab.)

Indiana J Jo Davis (June 24): Continued to receive reports of damage to
various crols and to young chickens from points from the south
to the north end of the State. Last reports received June 3.

STICKTIGHT FLEA (EchidnoTnha,' -llinscea Westw.)

Texas Eo Wo Laake (fLy 20): i2-:iry .tions of farm flocks along the highway;
from Dallas to ?Re-ger. Wells, in :outh -- stern Texas, have shown
that the abuhdance of stickti&-t fleas is the greatest in many
years. From ge vicinity of Austin to southwestern Texas the
infestations were very heavy and the losses in egg production
and young chickens was tremendous. Cases were recorded where the
entire flock of young chickens was killed where no control methods
were used., (June 20): l:avvy infestations of sticktig.t fleas are
found at almost every ranch or farm home in the Dry Frio Canyon.
This pest has been observed in great numbers 6n goats, mules,
horses, and other domestic animals. The losses of poultry are
particularly heavy in this reion.

0. G. Babcock (June 21): The last month has been unusually
favorable for the development of the flea about Sonora However,
they do not compare to Menard as td Poaburtdnce, where severe
infestations are to be found. Cats, as well as chickens, are
severely attacked.

FOTL TICK (Argas miniatus Koch)

Texas EF W. Laake: This pest is present at every farm or ranch home
wThere chickens or turkeys are kept in the Dry Frio Canyon. The
infestations are from moderate to heavy and, together with fleas,
Slrze caused heavy losses in young chickens and turkeys.

CHICKSI MITE (Derrrnyssus mllinae Redi)

Texas 0. G. Babcock (June 23): For the past two to three weeks the common
roost mite, Derrninvssus has been on the increase at
Sonora. Several complaints have come to hand. The mites are
increasing rapidly.

-2 DL'-)-


EUROPFZ E.RW!G (Forficula auricuiilaria L.)

Mode Island A. E, Stene (June 20): A few reports on the ropen ear'ig have
come in again from Newrport and it is apparently as abdundai-t
as last year.

PODDEP POST BESTLE (Lyctus lanicollis Lec.)


R. W7, Harned (June 22): Lyctus planidollis Lec. was reported on
June 1 as seriously damaging oak furniture at Rich. Spezimens
were determined by 7. S. Fisher of the Bureau of Entomology,





M. H. Swenk (May 1-25): Another report of injury to a house
by the termite Reticulitermes tibialis was received on May
18, this tim, from Hall County.

J. Wo McColloch (June 21): Serious damage to woodwork in
buildings has been reported from McPherson, Salina, Lawrence,
and Manhattan,

C. KX, Fisher (Iay 23): The termites are working in three or
more houses on adjoining lots or those close together at
Alhambra. In the house where most damage has been done they
were first observed about a year ago after they had eaten through
the floor in a closet into a trunk and into a pair of shoes
which were in the trunk. The closet floor was rppired aid 'the
termites were not observed again until they had eaten some
of the floor joints away and were coming through the hardwood
floor in the living room. This was a week agob



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