The Insect pest survey bulletin


Material Information

The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]


Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:

Full Text



Volume 18 July 1, 1938 Number 5










Vol. l1 July 1, 1938 1o. 5


The development of grasshoppers has been uneven, and all stages are
present, from the egg to the adult. Adults are mating in the southern part
of the infested territory. Despite the effect of cool, rainy weather,
which killed many young nymphs, the number surviving and individuals that
hatched later make up grmt populations over the entire infested territory.
The rains may prove beneficial by producing succulent wild vegetation,
affording food for the hoppers and preventing them from severely injuring
cultivated crops.

The Mormon cricket is occurring in great abundance and is extending
its depredations farther eastward than before, injuring crops in Tebraska;
however, inclement weather has delayed development of the pest and the
actual damage to crops, especially in the Rocky Mountain region, has 'Cbeen
less extensive than in 1937.

Owing to the prolonged cool, rainy weather, cutworm damage continued
later in the season than usual.

The armyworm outbreak in the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys has largely
subsided; however, moths are abundant farther north, around the Great Lakes.
A disease evidently played an important part in the control.

Although weather conditions have been unfavorable to chinch bug
development, isolated areas of infestation, from moderate to severe, are
found throug-hout the chinch bug belt.

The hessian fly has multiplied greatly and, although damage to the
wheat crop is moderate, the population in many localities may be sufficient
to menace the crop to be plmanted this fall.

The corn ear worn is occurring in usual abundance in sweet corn
and tomato over most of the South. Farther north, in Illinois and New
Bew York, infestation is occurring a little early.





The stalk borer was reported as more abundant than usual in a strip
from New York westward to Nebraska.

The codling moth development early in the spring portended a heavy
early infestation, but cool weather late in May and early in June in most
localities in the East and Middle West chocked activities, and the infesta-
tion in those areas is about normal.

The oriental fruit moth is more abundant than usual from New Jersey
southward to Georgia and in Kentucky and Tennessee. It was also reported
from a locality in Louisiana, where it had not been recorded previously.

The walnut caterpillar is occurring on pecan in Mississippi, Missouri,
Oklahoma, and Texas, where it was so destructive last year.

The Mexican bean beetle is destructively abundant over the infested
territory east of the Mississippi Rivcr. It was reported for the first
time from Arkansas and Louisiana.

The pea aphid outbreak has largely subsided.

Boll weevils arc reported generally from the Atlantic coast to
Texas and Oklahoma, including large areas in those States. Most of the
reports indicate that the weevils were more numerous in June 193S than
in Juno 1937 or 1936.


At the end of May cool weather in Manitoba and abundant rainfall in
southern Alberta had delayed the hatching of grasshoppers; however, by
the end of the third week in Juno they were numerous locally in southwestern
Manitoba, and abundant and active over a large part of the prairie region
of Alberta. In Saskatchewan hatching was becoming general by the end of
May. Latest reports (June 21) indicated that considerable damage was
developing in northwestern and some north-central areas. There was also
some damage in the southeast. The spreading of poisoned bait in organized
control campaigns was well under way in many districts.

Severe infestations of the pale western cutworm were reported
developing in various localities in Saskatchewan and serious crop losses
had occurred from Battlcford to Mervin and Paynton, Eastond to Dollard,
and in Carlton, Cantuar, Ponteix, and Rush Lake districts. Cutworm damage


in southern Alberta was curtailed byabundant rainfall in :'ay, but some
losses occurred from Milk River to Wainwright. Losses were most severe
in the extreme north and south.

Unusually heavy damage to the wheat crop by wireworms was reported
in Saskatchewan, where infestations are much higher than a few years ago,
especially in areas affected by prolonged drought. Damage also occurred
in southern Alberta, where losses up to 15 percent wore reported in a
number of localities. Conservative estimates from a subsequent check-up
indicated a total loss of from 5 to 10 percent of the wheat acreage, with
the worst affected areas reseeded. These insects are more prevalent in
southwestern Ontario than for several years and are damaging crops such
as tobacco and tomato.

Major flights of June beetles are occurring over a large part of
Ontario and in iQuebec from Papineau County westward. The last major
flight occurred over the same territory in 1935.

The species Sitona lineatus L., which was first discovered in l7orth
America in the vicinity of Victoria and on the Saanich peninsula, British
Columbia, in 1937, has spread over the entire peninsula. It attacks
legumes, principally peas and beans, and many complaints have been re-
ceived rcarding it. The species Brachyrhinus singularis L., which was
also reported for the first time last year, at Victoria, British Oolumbia,
is a general feeder, and is giving much trouble in gardens.

Heavy infestations of the forest tent caterpillar developed in the
Ottawa and St. Lawrence River Valleys. The eastern t6nt caterpillar was
also numerous ih many localities.

Much foliage injury to boxelders by the fall canker worm was reported
in parts of southern Manitoba and in Saskatchewan.

Outbreaks of tick paralysis among sheep and cattle, caused by the
paralysis tick, Dermacentor andersoni Stiles, occurred in sevecal locali-
ties in the interior of British Columbia. Cases in humans wore reported
at Lytton and Rossland, British Columbia. The last case affected a
young girl and terminated fatally. A preliminary report on a dead rabbit
infested with the rabbit tick, Haemaphysalis leporis palustris PIck.,
picked up near Vavrenby, British Columbia, indicated tularemia.




Indiana. C. Benton (June 20): Numerous small grasshoppers were observed in
spots along roadsides near La Fayette on June 13-17.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (June 23): The heavy rains late in May and the first
half of June have greatly reduced grasshopper injury. Hoppers have been
hatching quite generally in the southern half of the Stateand.hatch is
nearly complete for the southern two-thirds. Melanoplus bivittatus (Say)
is more abundant than. at any time for the past several seasons. Adults
of this species are maturing and mating.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June): Spotted hatching and damage occurring.
Only 10 percent of the er-gr hatched in some places, in others 50-70

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 25): Baiting is being carried on in the two southern
tiers of counties and in the western part of Iowa. Heavy rains have
destroyed large numbers of newly hatched hoppers but in some of the most
heavily infested areas it is not uncommon to find newly hatched hoppers
running from 200 to 300 per square yard in seeded alfalfa and clover
fields. Hatching is not yet complete.

Missouri. L. Haseman (Juno 24): The abundance of nymphs in carefully checked
areas throughout the State, where excessive rainfall occurred, has shown
very definite reduction. Rain has also retarded hatching and has pro-
vided abundance of wild vegetation which may carry the pest throughout
the rest of the summer. The two.lined grasshopper (M. bivittatus), the
confused grasshopper (M. confusus Scudd.), and the lesser migratory
1ra-shopper (M. Mexicanus Sauss.) are now appearing as adults in con-
Piderable numbers and are mating. The last of these are showing prac-
tically mature eggs.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (Juno 21): Adults are appearing in the southern part
of the State, M. mexicanug being the predominating species. Hatching in
the north is not yet complete.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June): Idle lands are furnishing untold millions
of hoppers, of which M. mexicanLus and M. bivittatus are the most important

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): The eggs of Melanoplus spp. have now, after
6 weeks of slow but continuous hatching, largely hatched. Hatching pro..
ceeded more rapidly in western than in eastern Nebraska, the opposite of
the usual condition, owing to the prolonged cool, rainy weather that has


prevailed over eastern and southeastern Nebraska. M. mexicanus has
largely completed its development. M. bivittatus and M. different-
ialis (Thos.) are now mostly half-grown nymphs, just beginning to move
freely from the hatching grounds and concentrate on the edges of the
cultivated fields. Heavy populations are present in all parts of the
State. Grasshoppers are being parasitized by Sarcophaa kellyi Aid.
and other parasitic flies during the last week or ten days.

Kansas. J. R. Horton (June 21): Hoppers were extremely nuier6us in the early
stages in the vicinity of Wichita, and have severely damaged tender,
young growth of various cops. Their numbers have decreased steadily
and very considerably since April 1 but they are still numerous and be.
ginnin:- to do serious damage in isolated locations. Many are now in the
winged stage. They have not attacked young field corn in one spot where
they are numerous. They do not respond well to control measures in the
presence of tender young plant food.

H. R. Bryson (June 25): Rather doubtful whether grasshoppers are
more abundant than last year. They have not migrated into the rowed
crops but are still in the weeds, turn rows, and roadsides. Heavy in-
festations are spotted.

Oklahoma. C0. F. Stiles (June 22): So far the damage has been light, due to
excessive rains over the entire State. Rainfall is much above normal
and vegetation is ranker than it has been for a number of years. The
hopper population, however, has not been very much affected by the
weather. We have them by the billions scattered over the entire State,
with the exception of a few mountainous' counties in the southeast. The
principal species are M. bivittatus, M. packardii'Scudd., M. mexicanus,
and M. differentialis. Dissosteira longipennis Thos. is present in small
numbers in all of our western counties, and poisoning is under way for
migrating bands into these counties.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (June 24): Grasshoppers constitute a threat to all crops
in parts of at least 117 counties. The most serious outbreaks have
occurred in northwestern Texas. Very good control is being obtained.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June): Grasshoprpers were reported as very abundant
and attacking alfalfa, sugar beets, and other crops in the north-central
and central parts of the State, from June 10 through 23, and on
June 24, serious injury was reported from the Uintah Basin.

Oregon. D. C. Mote (June): Hatching throughout the month in eastern Oregon.
First instar to adult stages are present.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 28): M. femur-rubrum, the species responsible
for the greatest injury last year, is just beginning to hatch all over
the State. M. mexipanus began to hatch before the middle of April, and
was checked very little by the weather. Control was started on the
sandy soil of northwestern Wisconsin before May 20.


.... MORMON CRICKET (Anabrus simplex Hald.)

North Dakota. J. A. Munrq (Juno 21): -Heavy infestations have been observed in
Adams County, in the southwestern area, and Burloigh and Emmons Counties,
in the south.contral part of the State. The infestations are more or
less localized but rapidly spreading over large areas. No serious crop
loss reported.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June): Mormon crickets have increased in abundance
recently, but have done little dama e to field and garden crops.

Nebraska and Wyoming. M. H. Swonk (June 22): On June l1 a severe outbreak
was reported in western Scotts BluffT County, Nebr. This is the first
instance of severe damage within the boundaries of Nebraska of which we
have record, although the species has long been known to occur in small
numbers in the western and central partsr of the State. Severe infesta-
tions are in progress in Wyoming, a short distance west of the State

Utah. C. J.-Sorenson (June 20): Increased numbers of bands are migrating from
range lands, foothills, and mountrpins in central Utah to menace crops on
isolated ranches. Crop damage being prevented. Infestation in Millard
County largely eradicated except in mountainous areas. Two small bands
have migrated from Juab County into the southern end of Cedar Valley,
Utah County; all on ranged land, several miles distant from crop lands.

CUTWORMS (Noctuidae)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24)1 Specimens of Feltia annexa Treit, and F,.
Fladiaria Morr. were sent in from Philadelphia, Neshoba County, in the
east.-central part of the State, with a report that they had caused
moderate damage to cotton following cover crops. Specimens of Prodenia
ornithogalli Guen. were sent in from Liberty, Amite County, in the south.
western part of the State on June 20, with a report that they were causing
moderate damage to cotton squares.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): Adults of Lampra alternate Grote and Agrotis
unicolor Walk. are emerging in numbers at Watervliet, South Haven, Grand
Rapids, Fennville, nmd Shelby, in southwestern Michigan.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles and assistants (June): On June 9 at Knutson, Ramsey
County, in the southeastern part of the State, A. cni_ (L.) moths
were coming to baits in great numbers, along with other species.

Nebraska. M, H. Swenk (June 2): Flights of moths of the western army cutworm,
Chorizagrotis auxiliaries Grote, which began to be heavy about the middle
of May in all parts of the State, have continued to cause, many complaints
from May 21 to June 20. The variegated cutworm (Lycophotia margaritosa
saucia Hbn.), which species began flying on April 19 in the vicinity of
Lincoln, in the southeastern part of the State, reached its height of
activity shortly after the middle of May, and then dwindled to a mere
sprinkling about June 5,


D. B. Whelan (June 22): Cutworms have been somewhat more than normally
abundant and injurious from May 21 through June 20 In gardens and corn-
fields especially. The period of their great,'st destructiveness wns
from May 23 to June 7. Moths of the black cutworm, or Eroasy cutworm,
A. ypsilon Rott., have been flying since April 23, most abundantly dur-
in. the last week in April and the first week in May, around rnid-May, -nd
a ain during the second week in June. Moths of the spotted cutworm,
A. cc-nigrum, were flying abundantly from May 17 to June 13, reachir-: a
maximum on June 3. Moths of the cotton cutworm, Prodenia ornithogalli,
were flying from May 4 on, and in greatest numbers from June 7 to 15.
The bristly cutworm, Polia renigera Steph., was present in fairly heavy
flights from May 25 on, especially from May 31 to June 10. Moths of the
dark-sided cutworm, Euxoa messoria Harr., were not noted until June 10,
and are still flying in moderate abundance. The dusky cutworm, F.
venerabilis Walk., was reported destroying completely a growth of
burningbush (Kochia scoparia) in Boone County on May 27.

Wyomine. M. D. Carson (June): Approximatzly 100 acres of sugar beets, corn,
and alfalfa had been injured in Platte County, in southeastern Wyoming,
by May 27, by Chorizawrotis auxiliaris. A few complaints have come in
since then. (Dot. by Margaret Greenwald.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 8): Adults of A. c-ni,,rum, are coming to trap
lights at Logani in Cache County.
(June l1): Numerous adults of the striped beet caterpillar, Scoto:,ramma
trifolii Rott., have " coming to the trap light at Spanish Fork, Utah
(June 20): Relatively few Porosagrotis orthogonia Morr. as compared
with the number in 1937. They are now entering the prepupal stage.

BEET WEB7.ORM (Loxostege sticticalis L.)

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June): Sugar beet webworms have made their
appearance in marw areas and have done some damage.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): A serious outbreak of this pest, evidently
originating from infestations on chenopodiaceous weeds, was reported on
June 20 from Box Butte County, in western Nebraska, where control measures
were resorted to.

Wyoming. Margaret Greenwald (June 15): Adults have been flying since early in
May in Park County, in northwestern Wyoming, but have been noticed to be
unusually numerous the last two weeks.

Utah. H. E. Dorst (June 23): Very few of these moths have been observed in
beet fields in northern Utah. No injury is anticipated as beets are too

FALL AIMYKWORM (Laphywma frugiperda S. & A.)

Mi Asizippi. C. Lyle (June 24): Larvae, almost full-grown, were received from
Avera, in Greene County, in southeastern Mississippi, with a report that
they wero abundant in buds of corn.

WIREWORMS (Blateridae)

Kentuclky. M. L. Didlake (Juno 1): Wireworms are causing injury to newly seot
tobacco plants nmoro severely than usunml at Lexington.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 21): Serious injury to wheat mand corn reported
from Bottineau, Rolotte, Divide, 2rnvons, and Eddy Counties and the north..
frOstern part of Cass County. The prairie grain wireworm, Ludius
aeroipennis Kby., is the predniinitin.;: species.

Nebraska. M. H. Swonk (June 22): Wireworms (Melanotus sp.) :'ror reported from
Cuning County on June 9, as completely destroying seed corn on bottom

WTyoiin ;. Margaret Greanwald (June 10): Wiroworm danage in Park County restrict-
ed to relatively small areas in sone bean fields where seed is usually
completely destroyed.

WHITE GRUJBS (Phyllopha a spp.)

South Carolina. 0. L. Cartwright (June 10): P. prununculina Burn. was found
in considerable numbers feeding on pine at Blackville on June 8. The
following< b'eotles wore taken in numbers in the Blackville trap-light:
P. irracilis Burn., May 8 to June 21, and P. uniformis Blanch., on June
O10 to June 21.

Louisiara. B. A. Osterbergor (Juno 15): Since about June 15, many undetermined
June buxs have been in flight at Baton Roub;e from dusk to almost midnight.

Indiana. P. Luginbill and H. R. Painter (June 20),: Severe damage is being done
to bluegrass in a 60-acre pasture tract near La Fayette.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): P. crenulata Froel. and P. ruzosa Melsh. were
roportod front Frankfort, northern lower peninsula, on June 15, as feeding
on oak, gooseberry, rose, elm, dogwood, and rapes, as well as shrubs.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggloo (June): J. Medler reported on June 9 that a heavy
flight of adults was seen at light traps in Ramsey County.

Iowa. H. E. Jaques (June 23): May beetles are rather late in appearing but
are very abundant generally.



Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): From Dixon and Butler Counties, in
eastern Nebraska, on June 17, there came reports of white grubs
destroying the roots of strawberry plants that had been set out
this year.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 6): White grubs were reported to be in-
jurious to s strawberries at Wellsville and to pasture and meadow
grass near Junction City. (June 22): Adults of ?. lanceolata
Say have been unusually abundant on the high prairie land the
entire month of June in the vicinity of Manhattan. Many of the
beetles are parasitized.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 23): P. lanceolata reported present at
Newkirk, Jet, and Blackwell, in the north-central part of the State.
R. G. Dahns (June 23): Adults of P. lanceolata have been reported
doing serious damage to young cotton plants in a few cases in south-
western Oklahoma.

Texas. 0. G. Babcock and E, R. Lawrence (June 17): White grubs were re-
ported as causing, serious injury to pastures in some locations in
Crockett County, north-central Texas. The grass was killed in spots
ranging from 10 to 75 feet across. At a depth of 7 to 8 inches
grubs were found at the rate of 4 to S per square foot. Mature
beetles were identified ns P. Alabricula Lec. by H. J. Reinhard.
White grubs were also reported as seriously injuring pasture land
in Bosque County.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 20): White grubs destroyed the marketability
of 70 acres of potatoes in 1937 near Panguitch, south-central Utah.
Grubs of various sizes are abundant in soil now planted to potatoes,
alfalfa, and garden truck, in this area. The beetles were abundant
during the past ten days.

JAPANMES BEETLE (Popillia .aponica Newm.)

Connecticut. J. P. Johnson (June 20): The earliest emergence record for
this State for the adult occurred this year at Bridgeport, on June
20. Results of soil surveys for grub development indicate an early
emergence in considerable numbers.

New Y rk. T. N. Dobbins (June 21): Larval development war, retarded
by the unusually cloudy and cool weather which characterized May
and the greater part of June. In the New York City metropolitan
area beetles were picked up on June 21, with indications that
general emergence will be several days later than normal.

New Jersey. T, N. Dobbins (June 21): Beetles were picked up in the
field, ii southern New Jersey, on June 14.


T. L. Guyton (June 19): Noted first adults at Bound Brook, in
northern New Jersey today.

Delaware. L. A. Steorns (June 25): First adult observed at Newark on
June 2; adults bosinning to appear in considerable numbers through..-
out Now Castle County by June 21; noted in abundanuce on heads of
nature wheat near Smyrna, in Kent County, on June 22.

Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 22): First adult on lower Eastern Shore
on June 5 and at Princess Anne on June 7. Since then reports
have come in from Baltimore and Prince Georges Counties.

ROSE CHAFER (Macrodactylus subspinosus F.)

Massachusetts. A. L. Bourne (June 24): The rose chafer made its appear.
ance n1out June g, but has not been so a'bundant as usual.

Connocticut. W. E. Britton (Juno 22): Very prevalent in some localities,
less so than last year in others. In Milford the beetles were caus-
ing damage in peach and apple orchards, Feports of heavy feeding on
elm foliage in Brmnford, North Haven, and Wallingford have been re-

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June ): Rose chafers are
appearing in orchardrs and on truck crops.

Marylond. E. N. Cory (June 3): Reported as appearing generally on roses
in the State.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): Infestations have been brought to our
attention from Shelby, Grand Rapids, Detroit, and Charlotte, all
in southern Michimn.

A WEEVIL (Calomycterus setarius Roelofs)

Connecticut. M. P. Zappe (June 23): Leguminous plants at Stratford,
in the southwestern part of the State, are being attacked.
Adults are beginning to emerge.

Maryland. E. N. Cory (June iS). First seen on June 15 at Towson, in
Balt imore County.
A PLANT BUG (Thyanta custator F.)
California. C. K. Fisher (June 14): These bugsre very numerous about
one home garden and lawn in the city of Fresno, and on loganberries
and blackberries. They have been observed on weeping willow, nul-.
berry, flowers, shrubs, pine, and grass. They have increased in
numbers very rapidly during the last two weeks.
COMMON RED SPIDER (Tetranrychus telarius L.)
Ohio. N. F. Howard (June 19): Seriously injuring boxwood at Columbus.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Severely injuring evergreens.




ARO.YORM (Cirphis unipuncta Haw, )

New York, N. Y. Stato Coll. Apr. News Letter (June): Moths have been
observed at lights on Long Island and occasional larval injury to
young corn plants was noted. Traces of injury to corn in the lower
Hudson River Valley were seen. In western New York great numbers of
moths are being caught in light traps,

Ohio. J. S. Houser (June 2.6): Adults were attracted in great abundance
to the honeydew excreted by aphids on white-birch foliage at Wooster,
Wayne County.

T. H. Parks ( .22): While moths were caught in bait pans late
in May and early in June, the only outbreak was in a field of barley
in Butler County, southwestern Ohio, reported June 3.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 13): Arnyworm has been conspicuously abundant
throughout the State in isolated areas, more especially in central
and southern Indiana. Because of the lateness of corn planting,
nost of the injury has been to timothy and especially new pasture
plantings and to small grain.

L. F. Steiner (June 2): At Bicknell army-or- moths have appeared
in traps in such numbers during the last few days that accurate
records on codling moth are impossible. At Vincennes larvae have
boon attacked by disease, and mortality has reached nearly 100 per.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (June 23): The outbreak of May and early June is
over. Bacterial disease was the most important factor in reducing
injury. In many iintances larvae were killed almost overnight by
this disease.

Michi7an, R. Hutson (June 22): MUths were very numerous in light traps
in East Lansing, southern Michian, on the night of Juno 21.

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (June 20); Spring armyworm adults were seen at
light at Lexington l-Ist night,

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 23): Numerous adults are being taken
at lights at Fargo and Jamestown, both in the southeastern part
of the State,


Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Moths began fQyin, on April 23 in
eastern and southeastern Nebraska and continued until May 10,
reaching poaks on April 26 and May 2 to 4, Another period of
heavy flights occurred from May 17 to 20, and a third from May
29 to June 19, reaching the status of enormous flights during
the period from Juno 2 to 15. Many partly grown larvae wore
found well distributed through the ftAotfields of southeastern
Nebraska during the second week in June, and the following week
they were fairly common on wheat heads, especially in the lower
pnrtc of the fields in Saunders, Sarpy, and Case Counties, but
not in nifration or as yet in epidemic abundance. The first
complaint of serious injury to wheat heads was received from
Platte County on June 18.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (May 31): Arnryor.s were reported eating the
wheat heads near Lone Star, Douglas County, northeastern Kansasn
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 9): Adults have been coning to trap lights
at Ced-ir City, Iron Connty, and Spannish York, Utah County.

CHINCH BUG issuess leucopterusL Say)

Indiana. 0. Benton (June 20): The frequent hard rains have greatly
reduced the new-brood nymphs. Although nymphs have been found
since the first of June in small numbers, the bulk of those ob-
served in the field near La Fayotte,. on Jun- 13-17 were still
mostly in the first to third instar, with occasionally fourth..
instar nyiphs. Since Juno 12 in some areas near La Fayette, there
has 'conr no rain, and parts of some fields of winter wheat and rye
show front slight to moderately heavy infestation (up to 100 young
bu.s per foot of drill row).

G. E. Gould (June 25): On June 23 reports were received of a
severe outbreak in southwestern Indiana, principally in the Knox
County area. Infestations in all noih'hborinr counties were re..

Illinois,. W. P. Flinrt (June 23): Tho heavy rains of May and early June
have greatly reduced the threat of chinch bug damage. Barley'fields
arc still carrying a fairly heavy infestation.

Iowa. C. J. -Drake (June 25): Heavy local infestations occuir through-
out the two southern tiers of counties. Migration from small grain
into corn has been reported from Clarke and Fremont Counties, A
40.acre field of corn in Union Couinty was destroyed.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Despite the abundant rainfall chinch
oubs aro doing : considerable damane on scatte-od fams throughout
the State, but indications aro thait a -encral epidemic will not


Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (June 22): These bugs are quite numerous in
scattered localities.

R. G. Dahns (June 23): Frequent heavy rains during May and the
first half of June destroyed many first-generation nymphs and re-
duced the possibility of a serious outbreak in southwestern Oklahoma.
Many bugs survived and are now doing some damage to susceptible
sorghum varieties. Most of the first.generation bugs have reached
the adult stage and are laying eggs.

PLANT BUGS (Miridae)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 10): Nymphs of an unidentified nirid have been
received from three widely separated counties with specimens of
injured wheat leaves.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): The meadow plant bug (Miris dolabratus
L.) has been reported as feeding on wheat in Adrian, Fremont, and
Port Huron in scattered localities in the southern part of the

HESSIAN FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 29): Reports from surveys in l1 counties are
in. The infestation in these counties varies from 4.3 percent for
Madison County to 11.8 percent for Pickaway County, averaging g.O0
percent. This is a slight increase over that of a year ago, No
very serious losses occurred and a very small percentage of the
wheat is straw broken.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June): The hessian fly seems to be definitely
on the increase and has caused much wheat to lodge and a rather
large loss in yield, especially in central Indiana. In many in.
stances wheat is being cut green for ensilage because grain is not

C. Benton (June 20): On May 28 the first brood had practically
completed pupation at Delphi, Carroll County, northwest of the center
of the Stnte. The first pupa of the first supplementary brood was
found, the adults emergin, early in June. The heaviest e7g deposi-
tion occurred near June 4, although a few e .s were found through
June 16. The majority of the larvae of the supplementary brood were
in the half and full.-,rown states on June 16, a ferw small larvae and
puparia being present. About 45 percent of the fly forms present
in the wheat on June 20 represented the supplementary brood, which
has caused very little commercial damage. The infestation in culms
will add materially to the pcpulhtions in many fields, and will be
a potential menace to early sown wheat this fall. Reports of dama-e
are received from various parts of the State, especially the west.'
central and northwestern parts. The amounts of danage reported and
observed for individual fields vary from slight to occasionally


MichiTan. R. Hutson (June 22) Infestations ranging up to 10 percent
are coLrAon in the southeast.

Missouri. L. Hasenan (June 24): This pest is not causing any serious
lod&inf of wheat.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): The hessian fly which, as a direct,
cumulative effect of successive drought years, reached an excessive-
ly lo- population level in 1937, is ajain on the increase. Wheat-
fields ex-m.ined in southeastern Nebraska, especially in- Richardson
and Pawnee Counties, in some instances showed moderate infestations
late in May and early in Juno. Though no corimrcial danaCge occurred,
infestations are sufficient to indicate that the fly nay have to be
taken in consideration when wheat is seeded in the fall of 193N.

Knsas. J. R. Horton (June 21): The spring period locally ias
characterized by moderate tempernturos and frequent rains, a con-
dition favorable to fly increase. This situa-tion has not been
sufficiently prololed to raise the low general level of fly
population surviving from 1937 to the level of outbreaks. It is
difficult, if not impossible, to find a single outbreak. To show
the possibilities in such a season, however, the second generation
has increased in one especially favored, natural spot on spring
whoneat to 67 times the population of the originating first gonera-
tion on winter wheat.

Kansas,. R. H. Painter (June 25): The hessian fly has had a second
generation wherever there are late tillers or late wheat plants.
E-:s were laid under ideal conditions which realtcdd in almost
100-percent .hatch.

SORGHUM WEBWORM (Celama sorahiolla Riley)

Virginia. W. J. Schoene (June 21): Specimens received from Roqkymount,
Franklin County, and Chathan, in Pittsylvauia County, in heads of
rye. Injury has been reported from several sources. (Dot. by C.

WHAT STEM MAGGOT (MroMyza americana Fitch)

Nebraska. M. H. S-':erk (June 22): This mia.-got caused numerous ,"hitened
wheat heads in southeastern Nebraska, from Richardson County west.
ward to Frarnklin County, early in June.

Kansnas. R. H. Painter (June 25): The wheat stem maggot has returned to
its normal abundance -fter being; ,t a 'ery low ebb last year,


WHEAT JOINTWORM (Harmolita tritici Fitch)

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): This pest has been extremely abundant.
Unusual numbers of complaints have come from the southwestern part
of the State, and at Columbia it is more abundant than usual.

CORN EAR WORM (Heliothis obsoleta F.)

New York. L. A. Carruth (June 24): On June 23 the first eggs to be
found on Long Island on corn were observed in two fields between
Hempstead and Valley Stream. The silks were just beginning to
appear and those examined were 18 and 6 percent infested with
newly laid eggs. In view of the unfavorable weather of the last
month this is considered to be an early infestation, although in
1937 the first infestations were found slightly earlier. Pupae
from field diggings in May are alive but have not yet emerged.

Illinois. R. A. Blanchard, A. F. Satterthwait and J. M. Magner (June
24): Early market corn growing near East St. Louis had up to 35
percent of the ears infested on June 22, with severe damage in at
least one early planting. An occasional egg was found in the
vicinity of Urbana, in central Illinois, by June 16. This seems
to be rather early for the insect to appear this far north. Last
season the earliest record was June 27.

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (June 23): This insect ras abundant on early
sweet corn at Lexiniton on June 23.

Missouri. R. A. Blanchard, A. F. Satterthwait, J. M. Magner (June 24):
Early planted corn in southern Missouri showed as high as 20 per-
cent bud damage on June g. Eggs were observed in considerable
numbers near East Prairie on May 24.

Nebraska. D. B. Whelan (June 22): Half.-grown larvae were found on
columbine on June 2 at Lincoln.

Kansas. J. R. Horton (June 21): Moths began to emerge in the field
cages at Wichita on June 3, and have continued intermittently up
to June 17. This marks the first successful emergence of over-
wintered material in the cages. First eggs of the season were
found on corn near the cnTes on June 16, one or more to every

Oklahoma and Texas, E. V. Walter (June 20)1 From 100 to 500 stalks of
corn were examined at intervals of about 10 miles between Dallas,
Tex., and Muskogee, Okla., on June 1, and at intervals of about 5
miles between Muskogee and Joplin, Mo., on June 2. Infestations
were about 50 percent at Kiowa and 2 percent at Muskogee, Okia.
The farthest north that infestation could be determined 7as in a
field near Pryor, Okla., where 3 stalks out of 300 examined showed
feeding by first- or second-instar larvae. Larvae found in tops of
every stalk examined near Dallas.


Utah. H. E. Dorst (June 23): A few eggs'have been observed on very
early sweet corn in northern Utah.

California. J. Wilcox (June 2): Upon being harvested 90 per'nt of
the ears in a field of sweet corn at Olive, in southern California,
were found to contain worms, at least 75 percent of the ears were
thrown out or not picked because of damage. A field, just in
tassel, had 40 percent of the tassels infested.

EUROPEAN CORN BORER (Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 22): The first pupa was found in stubble
in a field on June 7 at Manchester, Bennington County, in south-
western Vermont. First moth emerged from material freshly collect-
ed in that section on June 20. Larvae moderately abundant in
stubble and waste stalks in Franklin County, in northwestern
Vermont, on June 17, but no pupae found.

Connecticut. N. Turner (Juno 22): Although moths started anerging
earlier than usual, the eggs were deposited later. Hatching is
general and feeding is common. Indications are that the in-
festation in the Housatonic Valley is very heavy, but in other
districts the same as or less than last year.

New York. L. A. Carruth (June 24): On western Long Island observations
at intervals of 2-3 days during May and June indicate that the peak
of pupation in field stubble occurred about May 15, the peak of
pupation in barnyard stalks occurring about June 5 (2-generation
strain). By June 15 practically all moths had emerged from stubble
although emergence still continues in barnyards. Due to a back.
ward season no eggs were found until June 4. Since that time
numerous e-f masses have been found, although infestations are
variable in intensity. Up to June 23, the larvae found were most-
ly very young; on that day larvae two-thirds grown were found near
Valley Stream. In the Hudson Valley observations made June 10 in
Rockland, Dutchess, nnd Columbia Counties, and on June 13 in
Albanyr County, disclosed egg masses in practically every field
examined. The infestations -ere light and the eggs in most cases
appeared to be newly laid. These observations confirm the presence
of the 2-generation a3rain in the Hudson Valley. Observations In
Rockland County on June 21 indicated that hatching had occurred
although only snall larvae were found.

New Jersey. C. A. Clark (June 20): A small number of egg masses were
seen during the first week in June on early sweet corn in Burlington
and Monmouth Counties. By June 13 eg:s were numerous and hatching
had started. (June 25): The first pupa of the first summer generna-
tion was found today. About 50 percent of the larvae are full-grown.


Ohio, Indiana, Michian. A. M. Vance (June 3): Pupation and emergence
in these States is more advanced in the spring of 1938 than in any
previous year on record. The first pupa in 1938 was found west
of Toledo, Ohio, on May 4, and the first evidence of moth emergence
was noted in the same vicinity on May 26. The earliest previous
records of pupation and emergence in this region were on May 26
and June 12, respectively, both obtained in 1936. On May 11, 1938,
pupation of 1 percent had occurred in a cornfield examined in
Allen County, Ind., and on June 1, 2 percent of the larvae had
pupated at Moud Clemens, in southeastern Michigan. Near Toledo,
in fields probably infested to a large extent by a second genera-
tion of the corn borer in 1937, pupation in 1938 averaged 6 per-
cent on May 12, 64. percent on May 26, and 84 percent on May 31, and
in all cornfields examined, the seasonal development of the insect
was unusually advanced. The observed mortality in the region in
the spring of 1938 averaged only 2 percent.

STALK BORER (Papaipema nebris nitela Guen.)

New York. R. W. Leiby (June 13): This borer is noticeably abundant
in several counties, and is boring in stalks of recently set to-
mato plants.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 22): .More than the usual number of complaints
of this pest on corn (many accompanied by specimens), have been
received during the last two weeks.

Indiana. G. E. Gould (June 23); During the last week damage to corn
has been reported from all sections of Indiana. Damage was also
reported on sweet corn and tomatoes.
Illinois. W. P. Flint (June 23): Specimens are being received from
all sections of the State. The insect is partly in the early
larval stages. Most of the specimens sent in are less than one-
third grown.

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (June): The common stalk borer is very abund-
ant in the northeastern part of the State. It was injuring
tobacco at Boyd, Harrison County, on June 6; corn at Georgetown,
Scott County, on June g; tomatoes, at Covington, Kenton County,
on June 16; and corn at Louisa, Lawrence County, on June 20.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): The common stalk borer was reported
to be numerous in the vicinity of Monroe, Monroe County, and
Shelby, Oceana County.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 25): The comrrion stalk borer was found damag-
ing corn in Pocohontas County, northwestern Iowa.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Tomato plants in Gage and Thayer
Counties were being damaged on June 12 and 18, respectively.



LESSER CORNSTALK BORER (lasmopalpus iosellus Zell.)

Georgia. T. L. Bissell uand S. B. Fenne (June 23): This pest has been danag-
inr- peanuts at Tifton, in southern Georgia. It was first observed
on about Juno 10. The borers kill back shoots and severely stunt
th, plants.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24): Specimens have recently been ro.
coivd from Greeno, Jones, and Perry Coiuintier, in southernn
Miss issipi, with reports that thoy -'cro causing considerable
d..uTie to corn.

CORNI FLEA BEETiLE (Chaetocnema yilicaria Melsh.)

Indiana. P. L/ginbill (June 20): Beotlos wore reported early in Juno
damaging corn at Hope, southeastern Indiana.

Oklahoma. E. V. Walter (June 20): From one to four flea beetles were
found on every cornstalk e-camined in a field near Vinitn, in the
northeastern ptrt nf the State.

SUGAJCA1 T3EELE (3uotheola rugiceps Lee.-)

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (June): The rou,-hhcnded cornstalk beetle
-lo abundant and doing serious injury to corn in several localities
in western Kentucky, and at Somerset and Pulaski, in the south-
eastern part of the State, throughout the month,

Tennessee,. G, M. Bentley (June 4): In several parts of the State
this borer is causin: injury by attacking cornstalks at the ground

Mississippi. C. Lyle (Juno 24): During the la7t few weeks specimens,
acccnipnied by complaints of severe danage to corn or sugarone,
were received from scattered localities over 'tho'State.

A FLOER 3E3TL (Euphoria seuulcharis F.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 22): This insect was sent in from Jefferson
County, western Florida, where it wan reported to be doing consider-
able dn.rii^e to corn,

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24): Foeeding in buns of corn in southern


SLUGS (Mollusca)

Ohio. J. S. Houser (June 10): In June 1937 significant damage
to field corn was observed in northeastern Ohio. It was
reported today that several square rods of a field at Smith-
ville, north-central Ohio, had been destroyed, and less severe
damage occurred in many other places. The slugs retire to
the soil during the day and ascend the stalks and riddle the
leaves at night.

T. H. Parks (June 15): Calls from two county agents in north-
western Ohio revealed serious injury to corn from slugs which
climbed the plants to feed on the leaves. In one field 6 acres
had been injured.


ALFALFA WEEVIL (Hypera postica Gyll.)

Colorado. J. H. Newton (June 20): Scouting work is nearly complete, and
San Miguel County added to the list of known infested counties. Very
light infestation appeared in Montezuma County.

Idaho. R. W. Haegele (June 'S): The alfalfa weevil has been on the
increase in Canyon County, in southwestern ,Idaho, for several
years,, and this year damage to the first crop amounted to nearly
50 percent on a number of farms. Other fields showed no injury,
indicating spotted infestations.

Utah. G. F. Knowlt6n (June 16): Injury has been noted in many Utah
counties during-the last 2 weeks. MarV farmers are cutting hay to
stop the Damage.

C. J. Sorenson. (June 20): Serious damage occurred in Millard
and Wayne Counties.

Oregon. R. W. Bunn (June 7): Larvae found in Douglas County. (Det.
by A. G. Boving.)

THCEE-CORN D ALFALFA HOPPER (Stictocephala festina Say)

Louisiana. 0. 0. Eddy (June): The alfalfa girdler is abundant in
alfalfa fields and is already present in the soybean fields.



CLOVER BOOT BORER (Hylastinus obscurus Marsham)'

Pennsylvania. R. M. Baker (June 23): Several fields of clover in
Lancaster County, southeastern part bf the State, are very
heavily infested..


VETCH BRUCHID (Bruchus brachialis Fahraeus)

New Jersey. C. A. Clark (June 20): Adults and fresh eggs were noted
in abundance at Moorestown on June 13. A few hatched eggs were
seen on June 19. Pods averaged 13 (egs eich by June 1.


A SAWFLY (Pachynematus extensicornis Nort.)

Pennsylvania. R. M. Baker (June 23): There was a severe outbreak in Erie
County, north-'estern Pennsylvania recently, The infestation extended
over approxim-itely 6 acres and the ltrvae were feeding by the
millions, devouring all the grass in. their path and advancing at a
rate of -iproxi'nitely 100 yards per day.


SUGARCANE BORER (Diatraea saccharalis F.)

Louisiana. S. A. Osterber'er, E. R. Lett, and A. L. DuTai (June): The
extremely dry weather has delayed the development of the sugarcane
borer to some extent. A few very heavily infested areas ocur in
spotted locations. The Trichogranmia parasites are very active.
Collection of eggs on cane nnd corn have shown that 68.7 percent
of the eggs collected on corn are parasitized, and collections from
sugarcane Fhow 31.2 percent parasitized, which is very high for
this time of the year.

SUGARCANE ROOTSTOCK WEEVIL (Anacentrinus subnudus Buchanan)

Louisiana. B. A. Osterberger (June): During the dry weather, the
number of adults collected in routine examinations of cane stubbles
and grasses has decreased. Early in the spring, damage was
noticeable in plant cane, especially in St. Mary Parish.



SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotis perniciosus Comst.)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 20): The infestation on peach trees at
Fort Valley, in central Georgia, is less than normal. It was
reported on December 20, 1937, to be the lightest of the 18 seasons
that the insect has been under observation in this locality, and
it has not built up an infestation equal to that of an average

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (June 9): San Jose scale was reported to be
abundant in one orchard at Henderson, in northwestern Kentucky, on
June 9.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 9): A heavy infestation was found on
plum at Madison, Davidson County, in north-central Tennessee.

EUROPFAN FRUIT LECANIUM (Lecanium corni Bouche)

Now York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): This scale
is fairly abundant in prune orchards in Niagara County, in
western New York.

Ohio. J. S. Houser (June 13): Grape near Wooster, in central Ohio,
infested. It is unusual for a coccid of this type to appear in
abundance on grape under Ohio conditions. (Det. byH. .Morrison.)


CODLING MOTH (Carpocapsa pomonella L.)

New York. D.W. Hamilton (June 24): Weather conditions in the Hudson
River Valley during May retarded the unusually errly development
of the codling moth so much that at present development appears
to be normal. Peak activity, as determined by bait traps, occurred
from May 31 to June 2, which is the same time at which similar
activity occurred during 1936 and 1937. Larval entrinc, were
found in the fruit as early as June 4. Entrances are hnrd to find
in wellosprayed orchards, most of w'ich are less than a week old.
Weather conditions have been favorable for development during the
last 2 weeks.

S. W. Harman (June 25): Emergence in western New York was
hastened by hot weather, resulting in first-brood worms being
injurious in heavily infested orchards.


New Jersey. H. W. Allen (June): In several orchards in Burlington
and C-n'den Counties, in southern New Jersey, injury by the first
brood seems to be appreciably less than last year.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 16): Bait pails show large catches
nc'r buildings. Adults are emerging in large numbers from pick-
ing baskets and crates in storage sheds.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 25): Infestatioh by the first brood is
subnormal, owing to early emergence of spring-brood moths aind
unfavorable weather during the egg-laying period.

Viriinia. A. M. Woodside (Juno 24): Spring-brood moths are still
emergin-; in small numbers at Staunton, in northwestern Virg:inia,
but the flight is a7out over. Larvae began to leave fruit on
June 16. Infestation is relatively liht.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 22): First-brood hatching and larval entrances
near Columbus, in north-central Ohio, were delayed by unfavorable
weather, so that the insect is not advanced over normal seasonal
develop-ent. The earliest apple are being harvested but no
larvae have left the apple?. First-brood entrance -,,re not

Indiana. L. F. Stoiner (June 9): Emor:ence from ground cages and tree
bodies -t Vincen.nes, in southwestern Indiana, reached one of the
hi;iest peaks of th1 season on June 6 and again on June 9. Eg".s
are hatching in lLrgo numbers, but the larvae have been lesn
successful in enterir.n- unsprayed fruit during the last '-eek than
the week before. (June 23): Adults of the first brood '"ere
emerging by June 17 :ind emergence is picking up rapidly in the
insectnry iron apples injured br the early first brood. This
is reflected in the bait-trap catche-, of June 21 and 22.

Missouri. L. Hac.-aan (June 24): The prlnorgep1 cool, rainy weather
throughout June haw delayed emergence, reduced oviposition, ani.
interfered with larvae and entering the fruits. However,
there has been a rather heavy httch in some of the commercial
orchards. Moths of the overwintering generation have practically
all emcrZed throughout the Sta tion ln-vae have been leaving the fruit since the middle of Junme.

Kansas and Missouri. H. Baker (June 24): Spring-brcod moths *m're caught
in bait traps in northeastern Kansas and northwestern Missouri in
laroe numbers front May 16 to June 6, the peak catches being taken
on May 20 and 25. Larval attacks reached their peak from May 29
to June 6. The first record of the exit of a mature larva from
fruit was June 7 -nd the first record of emergence of a first-
brood ioth on June 21. First.brood dn.age in the area 's a whole
appears about normal, sone orchards being very clean and others


Wisconsin. C. L. Fluke (June 21): The heaviest flight in 20 years has
occurred at Gays. Mills, Crawford County, in southwestern Wisconsin.
First heavy flight occurred on June 3, next on June 6, and the third
on June 9 and 10.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June): First adult at light trap in Ransey
County, in southeastern Minnesota, reported by J. Medler on June 9.

Washington. E. R. Van Leeuwen and E. J. Newcomer (June 19): The peak
of emergence of spring-brood moths in Yakina County, in south-..
central Washington, occurred on May 15. The largest catches of
moths in baits;were made May 22 to'26. *The first eggs were found
on trees on May 9, the maximum number occurred from May 15 to 23,
and many eggs are still being deposited. Larvae began -entering
the fruit on May 24, were entering'in large numbers from June 3
to 9, and the first larva left the fruit on June .g,

EASTERN TENT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma americana F.)

Vermont, H. L. Bailey (June 22): First cocoons at Montpelier, in
central Vermont, on May 29, and the first adult in light trap on
June 20.

Massachusetts, A. L. Bourne (June 24): Tent caterpillars have concluded
feeding, and have shown a marked decline from their abundance of a
year ago. This is the first time for several seasons that there
has been any appreciable decline in abundance.

Rhode Island. A. E. Steae (June 9): Tent caterpillars have '6een scarcer
than during anyr of the last four seasons.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 9): A few reported occurring on apple.
trees in an orchard at Madison, Davidson County.

EYE-SPOTTED BUDMOTH (Spilonota ocellana D. & S.)

Maine. F. H. Lathrop (June 22): Transforming to adults during the past
week at Monmouth, Kennebec County, in south-central Maine.

Massachusetts. A. L. Bourne (June 24): A serious outbreak was dis- an orchard in Middlesex County, in eastern Massachusetts.

FRUIT TREE LEAF ROLLER (Cacoecia argyrospila Walk.)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): This insect is
causing severe injury to apples nnd pears in western New York.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Codling moth bait jars -at Columbia,
in central Missouri, took hundreds of moths each night from June
1-15. There has been a definite falling off in numbers since June

ROSY APPLE APHID (Anuraphis roseus Baker)

Connecticut. P. Garman (June 20): Migrating individuals appeared about
10 days ago in New Haven and Fairfield Counties, and most of the
insects have left the trees.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): The rosy apple
aphid is more abundant and injurious generally than usual.

Virginia. W. A. Hough (June 24): Rosy aphid causing very serious
damage, 10 to 40 percent, in unsprayed orchards in the vicinity
of Winchester.

Missouri. L. Hnseman (June 24): The rosy aphid continued injurious
throughout the fore part of June, and infer'ted fruits and twigs
show the characteristic injury.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 15): Rosy apple aphid caused a large amount
of damage, nt least in southern Indiana, during the spring. At
Orleans the aphids rere being noticeably checked by natural enemies
by May 6.

Colorado. J. H. Newton (June 20): Infestations in orchards of Delta
County, in west-central Colorado,are more severe than in many

WOOLLY APPLE APHID (Eriosoma lanigorum Hausm.)
Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (June 25): The woolly apple aphid is noticeable
on apple trees in central Ohio.

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (June 1g): Woolly aphids are abundant on
crab apple at Danville, in eastern Kentucky.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 25): Heavy infestations were reported at
Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, just east of south-central Iowa.

WHITE APPLE LEAFHOPPER (Typhlocyba pomaria McAtee)

Maine. F. H. Lathrop (June 22): A few adults were present on June 10
-at Monmouth, Kennebec County, and apparently all nymphs had trans-
formed to adults by June 21. Apparently there has been a gradual
increase in numbers on apple trees in this locality during the last
two summers. The insect is not yet present in destructive numbers.


Massachusetts. A. L. Bourne (June 24): Has been very abundant in
orchards scattered throughout the State, although less abundant.
in the first brood than last year.

Connecticut. P. Garman (June 20): Nymphs later than usual in appear-
ing in New Haven County.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 20): White apple
leafhopper is appearing in injurious numbers in a few orchards in
Dutchess and Rockland Counties, in the lower Hudson River Valley.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hod-kiss (June 16): First-generation adults, last-
instar nymphs, and newly hatched second-generation nymphs are present.

NEW YORK WEEVIL (Ithycerus noveboracensis Forst.)

Maine. F. H. Lathrop (June 22): These larCe weevils were reported
doin- severe injury to a young orchard at FLrnFin.ton, Franklin
County, in western Maine. Injury was most severe next to a growth
of gray birch. The weevils destroyed the bark of the spurs and
the new growth, causing the terminal growth to wilt and die.

APPLE CURCULIO (Tachypterellus quadrigibbus Jay)

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): There has been a considerable sprinkl-
ing of apple curculios, more particularly throughout the central
part of the State. Since June 20 the larvae have been pupating and
an occasional adult has appeared in the breeding cages,.

A WEEVIL (Phyrllobius oblongus L.)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 6): A heavy infesta.
tion was observed in an apple orchard south of Sodus, Wayne County,
in western New York, on June 1. (June 13): A second infestation
in Wayne County was noted on June 8.

APPLE FLEA WEEVIL (Orchestes pallicornis Say)

Indiana. L. F. Steiner (June 23): Serious damage is occurring in an
orchard near Vincennes, where this pest has never been of any

APPLE MAGGOT (hagoletis pomonella Walsh)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 20): Flies just
beginning to emerge in the Hudson River Valley, the first fly be-
ing collected from trap cages near Poughkeepsie on June 16, and
the second on June 18. In Rockland County, the first adult was
found on June 13.


A LEAFROLLING MIDGE (Dasyneura mali Kieff.)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 13): The leaf-rolling
nidge on apples is noted in more orchards in Monroe County, in western
New York, than in former years, And some growers near the place whore
it was first noted 2 years ago are quite alarmed.

EUROPEAI RED MITE (Paratetranychus pilosus C. & F.)

Connecticut. P. Garman (June 21): Reports'of browning have been re-
ceived from several orchardists.
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (Jmune 23): Very plentiful in eastern
Pennsylvania, where apple foliage is beginning to bronze.

PLUM CULCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.)

Maine. F. H. Lathrop (June 22): Enir.ruene of adults from hibernation was
later and extended over a longer period than last year at Monmouth,
Konnebec County. Apparently the numbers of adults in the apple trees
have reached a pt,.k. Eg sc,-rs on young apples b gan to appear dur-
ing the first 10 days in Juno.

Massachusetts. A. L. Bourne (June 24): The rather cool nights, partic-
ularly late in May and early in June, somewhat retarded the activity
of the plum curculio.

Connecticut. P. Garman (June 20): Appeared to do damage in New Haven
County later than usual, owing to cold weather earlier in the month.

New. Jersey. H. W. Allen (June): In rather extensive collections of June
drop peaches, made in Burlington County, first-generation 'rrubs
appear to be unusually abundant.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 22): Overwintered adults taken in
unusually large numbers by jarring weekly from April 6 to date.
Mature first-brood grubs were leaving dropped peachen- in greatest
abundance the last week in May.

Virginia. W. J. Schoene (June 24): The plun curculio is developing about
10 days earlier than usual in the vicinity of Blacksburg, in south-
western Virginia, and a second brood is feared.


A. M. Woodside (June 24): Overwintered adults are still deposit-
ing a few eggs in the insectary at Staunton. First-brood adults
began to emerge on June 22.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 20): The infestation at Fort Valley is
still lighter than that of an average year. The early and mid-
season varieties of peaches have been harvested remarkably free
from damage. Adults of the first generation began to emerge from
the soil in the laboratory on May 24, 11 days earlier than the
first emergence last year. Jarring in commercial peach orchards
revealed a nirked increase in adults on peach trees on Miay 27 and
28. Most of those were new beetles. Second-generation egg deposi-
tion began at Fort Valley on June 15, exactly 3 weeks earlier than
last yecr. Late poaches will therefore be subjected to a second
brood. Five percent of the first-generation female curculios had
started to deposit eggs by June l1.

Tennessee. W. F. Turner (June 20): From two to five plum curculios
were taken per quarter tree jarred in a peach orchard in Roane
County, in eastern Tennessee, on June 16. Curculios were taken
from every tree.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): The plum curculio has been pupating
at Columbia since June 20, although up to June 24 no adults have
emerged in breeding cages.

ORIENTAL FRUIT MOTH (Grapholitha molesta Busck)

Connecticut. P. Garman (June 20): Scarce in most orchards early in
the month. Infested tips apparent in many places.

New Jersey. W. P. Yettor, Jr. (May 21): Spring activity in Burlington
County is 10 to l4 days earlier than it was in 1937; Cool, windy,
dry weather has somewhat retarded activity as well as the twig
growth, which, incidentally, is shorter and harder than usual at
this time of the season. Twig injury is about normal, although
the damage varies considerably between orchards. Larvae are al-
ready entering the small peaches.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 25): Parasitism of twig.-feeding, first-
brood larvae is the highest recorded during the last 10 years (be..
teen 70 and 80 percent). Injury by second-brood larvae is at its

South Carntlina. 0. L. Cartwright (June): All peach areas in South
Carolina have developed a heavier infestation this season than
last. Twig injury is especially noticeable in the Johnston-Ridge
Spring section.


Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 20): Secondt-oneration larvae are attacking
7rccn peaches' in home orchards at Fort Valley. The Infestation is
rather heavy in those orchards whore there are late 'varieties. The
insect is n.vt present or is of no economic importance in the
coi.icrcial orchar&-ds, as there are no late varieties of poacher in
those orchards.

Kentuclqy. M. L. Didlake (June): Was much more abundant than last year,
as reported front LcxinCton on IMay 28 and in western Kentucky on
Juno 9.

Tennesosee. G. :!. Bentley (June 1 and lg): Oriental fruit noth causing
twig injury to peach trees generally over the Starte.

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (June): Oriental fruit moth reported from Grant
Parish, in wostcentral Louisiana. Specimens -Yore sent.

PEACH BORER (Conopia exitiosa SaV)

Connecticut, P. Gn-arnan (June 20): More abundant than forh'sevw-rnl years.

Georgia. 0. I. Snarp (June 20): Poach orchards in the vicinity of Fort
Valley have been examined regularly for poach borer cocoons since
May 3. The first cocoon was found on May 26, which shows that
pupation didc not start unusually early. The first ca.t pupal skin
was removed from a tree en Ma$y 25, 1937, and on May 9, 1956.
Cocoon collections indicate a heavier pupation earlier this season
than la' t. The infestation is about nvwrave,

Tennessee. W. F. Turner (June 20): Evidences of abundant injury noted
in two orcuhards in Roane County on June 15 anld 16.

BLACK'PEACH APHID (Anuraphis persicae-niger Smith)

COlifornia. E. 0. Essi, (June): The black poach aphid was observed to
pass the winter in the optorous 3tac;e on small twigs of peaches
and plus at Borkoleo.', No forms rere found upon tlh roots of a
peach tree.


PEAR PSYLLA (Pa-Ilia pyricola Foerst.)

Connecticut. M, P. Zappe (June 23):- Ay.ponrs to be rather scarce, even
on unsprayed pears.

New York, NI Y. State Coll. Ar. News Letter (June): The pe.r psylla
was only moderately abundant the first 3 weeks nf June. Ho-'evcr,
hot weatherr at the end of the nonth hastened development,
nocessitatinc- control measures in some orchards.


PEAR LEAF BLISTER MITE (Eriophyes pyri Ppst.)

Maine. F. H. Lathrop (June): An unusual number of reports of severe
infestation on pears have beeoon received from the southern part of
the State,


BLACK CHE1RY APHID (Muzus cerasi F.)

New York, D. W. Hamilton (June 24): Black cherry aphids are more nunr.rous
on both sweet and sour cherries than they wore in 1937 in the Hudson
River Valley.

N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): The black cherry aphid
is abundant in Niagara and Orleans Counties, in western NeT' York.
Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 4): Black cherry aphid reported attacking
cherry at Baltimore.

C':ERRY FRUITFLIES (Rhagoletis spp.)

New York. D. W. Hamilton (June 24): First adults of R. fausta 0. S.
were observed in emergence cages at Poughkeepsie, in Columbia
County, on May 31. Peak emergence appeared on June 4 and 5. Last
fly emerged on June 14. This species is seldom noticed in sprayed
orchards, but is quite noticeable in neglected plantings. The
first adults of R. cirgulata Loew were taken in emnr.-ence cages
at Poughkeepsie on June 4. Heavy emergence began on June 13 and has
continued to the present tine, although the daily number of flies
taken has fallen off slightly since June 22.

N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): Enor-ence of R. fausta
began at Geneva on May 28.
Oregon. D, C. Mote (June): Emergence of R. cingulata bo.yn on June 1,
andc first eggs were found on June 17 in the Willamette Valley.

PEAR SLUG (Eriocampoides linacina Retz.)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (Juno): The cherry slug is much more abundant than
usual in the vicinity of C"1lumbu. T6 complaints have been received
from commercial plantinse

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 24): Cherry slurs are dnaa;-in- cherry f')liagc
in Rivcrdale and Centerville, both in nort.-contral Utah.


A S V.LT (:e,.Lrotoma inzonspicua Tort.)

e---..ssee. .. 3ertley ("-,o 25): Plu: sa-:fly found affectin,- cherry
ir I'fy h e 2-.vidson County.

:.--'._.: I-_: ,,.!LTZ (Profeenusa collaris Maic.,)

"- sr:'-. 7. .Hmilton (June 24): Injury was quite noticeable in one
f th-- ln.rzo r -ntin-.- of sours near EHudson on v.y 2S. The- infostn.-
tin.n ,VTe^rc0 to have spre-i frcm a few localized spots noticed the
Irviorus ie:scn. ?r7 ctically all Irxvaeri had left the leaves by
J-=na 2.

.--: = 3
ri- Zi2-. . Flukc (Juno 21): Plumn .-ouc-ur appeared. in large numbers
in th3 Trniv.t ;rs it cr--- --- -.o Cn '-unty, in soAith-central .7isconsin,
on 1'....
2.AS ? 3 VZi'

-ZS?---.i .-'i:C-7._ (_L-.-:uru.s unicolor Say)

-L, '-:ets. A. L. -T--urnrc (June 24): Sev.,ral instances of rather severe
injury hrve ee-. "-rou--;ht to our attention. In Fl".ntirn;s visited the
insect -- "ore a,--_'.-t than usial, -,:i this condition seems to be
true thru-,hout the State.

icd-.rc, 3. J. L-..Ji: n an.77 ker (June 6): A'd-ts wore found on
ras-rr:- st of st Pt -Tlls, and art :ai e,. Lake, Kontt'nai County,
in northt.rn IaUho.

7a,,i :t -n. 3. J. aLacdis and W. W. Baker (Jun- 6): Adult beetles were
4' fo- en r...crr-- 2-i .'rt-r.* limits of Spokane to the Id-ho
Stat-e line.

Ore:-.-. = J. -.Landis, -.-i W. '7. Baker (Juno 4): Adults -.ire found on
ran'-err-, at La grandee and -l:in, Union County, and. at Wallowa,
SGcnt-, in northes.-tern Ore.-on.

FZ ...........Y SJ LY" (: n T noida_ rubi Harr.)

MiY.i- r.. -Muts'n (J'ne 22): Thr r*.n-pbrry sa'-rfly is co-mon about
Ln I-:t, Grnc._ ?."ida, -.V Paw, South -.-er. an-,-ra, ,-.d Yiles,
in southern 'Mic .zian.


;_-o.- LAF JO.DER (De-nia. funerrlis ---.)

California. G. :H. Kaloostian (June 15): In Fresno County, th rp
loaf f'ldcor is incre-sing the Fowler district =ma -'ears
to 'be about the sane as last y ar in the earlier district, in
the S-n.zer district t it is vcry .urh 'below the '-lr-zre yc'r. -.o
first rcc. of larvae is ,"":t two-thirds grown.

EIG:-ISPOTT-D FC-ZStR (AF-.ia cctoc':lat. F.)

nTe brka. M. 17 Senk (June 22): Caitcrpillars on -cc.ine r-
vines repcrtod. frrf- Saun-.irs, PlattC, a-i rEclt Counti:s, in enst:rr.
.Xe'br-'ska, on June 17 -A 20.

AZ ?LU:.: MO" (Cxpt il':s Terisc-li-&'-'-__ .s .itc:)

LMssachusetts. A. L. '-I-rne (June 24): h-c plunie noth has been
unusually a'-ir.i-nt and ver7!.' rr-liy --istri-':ted thrscughnut the

ACA.E ^L.,7.7 (A-i.clo-l.r.-tcr ater Lee.)

Massachusetts. A. L. 3cBourne (June 24): hno .-r'-pe ca3-irdier is -.-
abiunmnnt in eastern ]Xassaec'-etts, .r.' hs not >een- cc spicac-s in
viney-ar3s in -h. western half of the Stnte.

Ju a? TO:L\TO 3.1ALL (Lao ioptera vitis 0. S.)

M! E. N. Cory (June 22): Th- grape tc' 2all was observ-- at
Anna.Tolis, Anne Arundel Co'-nty, in Balti-icre County, 'n-- in Chrles
Co,-unty 2iurinr. June.

IErOz=-D C':#.L.T WC,.- (Pteror.i:!ae ribesii Scop.)

Michi-an. R. Hutson (June 22): Inportod cv-rrant s-myflv r c -.- r--t
S holbY:,,.

North Dakota, J. A. Munro (J-.une 21): Iniortj- .rurr7-.t -?-- a'--:'-rt in
the- vicinity of Far.7-, in southeastern North ^aC:ot.n

CUFk.ANT SXA.,'cC (Itan-c ri'bearia Fitch)

South Dakota. C. Soc-rin (June): 'he crrant s?'-rz-r has oc:urr.i
loally in "ut'realk numbers in several are-a of the State, _.
frequently acvo'rreod currant and ,:rosecrrv ,'.ho? before the owners
discovered their presence,


CUI fAIT APHID (Capitophorus ribis L.)

South Dakota. H. C. Scverin (Juno): The currant aphid is exceptionally
abu'nant. and has done considerable damage to currants.


PECAXT NUT CASEB=A-ER (Acrobasis caryac Grote)

Oklhonia. F. A. Fcnton (June 23): Pecan nut casebearer reported from
Oz:emah, in east.central Oklahoma.

Texas. C. B. Nickels (June 21): Examin,.tions were made to determine
infestation in throe orchards at Crystal City and one orchard at
Ea.2le Pass, both in southeastern Texas, on June 1 and 2, respoc.
tivoly. From 50 to 95 percent of the total nut crop was destroyed
by first-generation larvae.

E. W. Laake (June 20): One infestation in the vicinity of Dallas
reported since Juno 1.

WAL1NUT CATERPILLA2 (Datvana intoegerrina G. & R.)

Mississippi. G. L. Bond (June 24): Injury reported as noticeable on
nary pecan trees along the coast.

Missouri. L. Hasenan (June 24): The first moths c,-an emerging at
Columbia durin,:; the last days of May and the first days of June.
iTun.,rouc males were taken at lizht traps for several successive
days, "but practically none of the female moths cane to the light
traps. The first hatch of worms was observed between June 15 and
20, mnd now the oldest caterpill.xs cro approximately one-half inch
long and apparently in the second instar, though a few nay already
have reached the third instar. On this date frnme packets of eggs
nre still hatching. The eogs show fro 2 to 20 percent paras itism
by a small, yollow'ish hynenopterous parasite. Comnnon paper wasps
are feeding on them, as well as nymphs of an undetermined pentatomid.
An undetermined species of ichneunon --is found today, vigorously
parasitizing second or third.-instar larvae. From 10 to 20 colonies
of -oris, varying from 500 to 1,000 worns por colorV, have been taken
from a single walnut tree. Both hickory and *black walnut trees ore

Oklahoma. F. A. Feonton (June 23): Walnut datmana at Stillwater, in north-
central Oklaho-ia, ,md at Wynnewood, in south-central Oklahoma.

C. F. Stiles (June 22): The walnut datana has made its appear-
anco over the State, but not in as large numbers as last year. So2e
of the eg-s are parasitized and predaceous insects feed on the larvae,


R. G. Dalhns (June 23): This insect is defoliating pec-n trees
in many localities in south-e .-tern Oklahoima.

TOxas. C. 3. Nickels (June 21): ...A severe infestation was observed by
W. C. Pierce in one pecan orchard nearr Comanche, in north-central
Texas, on June 20.

FALL 7=E3ORM (iiyphantria cunea Drury)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 13): Nests of first-generation fall rob->
woins, about half. grown, are corxion on pecan trees at Fort Valley.
They appeared a little earlier than the first generation of 1937.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24): 1Wobs reported as quite numerous in
pecan trees in the vicinity of Moss Point, in southeastern
Mississippi. These insects are also beginning to apear in trees
in the vicinity of Starkville and State Colloie, in the north-
eastern part of the State.

PECAdl 3UDMOTi{ (Gretchena bolliana Sling.)

Texas. C B. Nickels (June 21): A heavy .infestation in a your. pecan
orchard reported from 3lanco, in south-central Texan, on June 20.


GREEN CIT-US Ap.IID (Aphis spiraecola Patch)

Florida. H. Spencer (June 7): In the upper east coast district, rains
have brought on a flush of growth on which the green citrus aphids
were developing quite an infestation.

CITRUS Z !L3UG (Pseudococcus citri Risso)

Florida. H. Spencer (June 20): Complaints are coning in of infestations
Sin the central section of Florida and on the Gulf coast. There is
some interest anonm growers in the possibility of utilizing
Crvptolnewms for control.

FLORIDA RED SCALE (Chrysonphalus aonidum L.)

Florida. H. Spencer (Juno 20): During May ani June numbers of newly
hatched scales have settled on cT-ipefruit and orange leaves, in
central Florida and on the ea-t coast.

W::ITEFLIES (Dialeurodes sjp.)

Florida. IH. Spencer (May 31): Marrj e-:-.-s of the citrus whitefly,
D. citri Ash., -'ere heine laid. durin- the last weok of May in
central Florida. A few a lults and egs of the clo'dy-winged
whitefly, D. citrifolii (Mor!-.), were found on new-growth loaves
on nursery plants in the same section.
J. R. Watson (June 22): The summer brood of D. citri is beginning
to fly at Gainesville, in northern Florida.



SEED-CORN MAGGOT (Hylemyia cilicrura Rond.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (June 19): Reported on beans at Monmouth, in the
southwestern part of the State.

Massachusetts. A. L. Bourne (June 24): We have had at least two reports
of rather serious injury to plantings of lima beans. Undoubtedly
this injury was somewhat aggravated by the slow germination,

Connecticut. A. W. Morrill, Jr. (June): Reported from Hartford County
on tobacco, newly s'.t in the field. The posts appeared on May 25
in heavier abundance than usual in some fields, but Rre not much
more prevalent in the valley as a whole. Attacked plants in a few
scattered shade tents on several acres in the vicinity of Hartford
early in the month and late in May. Counts showed considerably less
infestation in second setting heree treatment was applied. After
third setting the insects disappeared and did not appear again,
which is the usual experience with this pest.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 4): Corn-seed maggot reported abundant,
attacking corn-seed plantings at Goshen on June 4.

STRIPED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata F.)

Massachusetts (June 24): This pest appeared approximately on Juno 4
to 6, and has been very abundant.

Connecticuit. N. Turner (June 22): Serious damage to untreated fields
of squash and melons in all parts of the State. Emergence lasted
over a long period.,

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 7): The striped cucumber beetles
are causing serious damage to vegetables in the eastern counties.

Ohio. T. F. Howard (June 23): Striped cucumber beetles are still
numerous on squash, melons, and cucumbers at South Point and are
spreading vilt.

Indiana. G. E. Gould (June 23): Damage to cucumbers ,and melons has
been rep,'ted from many localities.

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (June): This post destroyed half of a cantaloup
and cucumber'planting at Lexington on May 21 Riddled petals of
Platycodon nnd Philadelphus were observed at Lexington on June 20.
They seemed to attack only w-hite flowers in the garden. .Melons were
damaged at Lexington on June 23.

Missouri. L. Hasoman (June 24): Numerous complaints during Juno have been
received throughout the State but at Columbia considerable numbers of
striped cucumber beetles Tegan to show up in gardens about June 15.


North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 21): Striped cucumber beetles are very
abundant on cucurbits in the vicinity of Fargo.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June): Striped cucumber beetles are doing
much dama-e to cucurbits and, unless controlled, make it almost
impossible to raise cucumbers, melons, and squashes.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Complaints of damage to cucurbit plants
cane from Buffalo and Redwillow Counties on Juno 3 and 9, respectively.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 25): Striped cucumber beetles, are quite
abundant and cause considerable damage to youn melons, squashes,
and cucumbers. Reports of abundance have come from Manhattan, Belle
Plain, and Burrton, all in the eastern half of the State.
Texas. R. K. Fletcher (June 17): This pest was reported as being present
on cucumbers in Galveston County.

SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata F.)

Pennsylvania. H, E. Hodgkiss (June 7): The spotted cucumber beetle are
causing serious damage to vegetables in the eastern counties.

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (June 10): Spotted cucumber beetles are reported
ruining a planting of gourds at Louisville.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (Juno 4): Spotted melon beetle found injuring
watermelons, cucumbers, and squash at Waverly, Humphreys County.

Missouri. L. Hasoman (June 24): During the month many complaints have been
received throughout the State, but at Columbia spotted cucumber beetles
did not begin to show up in considerable numbers in gardens until about
June 15.


Georgia. S. B. Fenne (June 22): Severe injury by black blister beetles
(EIpicauta pennsylvanica Dog.) to potatoes in Fannin and Union Counties.

Mississippi, C. Lyle (June 24): Specimens of Macrobasis unicolor Kby.
7ero sent in from Sardis, Panola County, on June 6 with a report thrt
they had caused severe injury to potato plants. (June 24): E.
loeMniscata F. reported causing dzname in gardens in Panomela, Grenada, and
Do Soto Counties, in the northwestern part of the State.

Arkansas. D. Isely (June 22): There has been a general outbreak of blister
beetles over the northern half of the State. The striped blister beetle
(E. vittata F.) is the species most frequently referred to.


Ncbraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Blister beetles were reported from
Thayor County on Juno 20, as beginning their annual injury to potatoes.
The first reports of injury to potatoes by 4. se-rnentata Say were re-
coived from Holt County on June 16 and from -Platte County on June 18,
both in th, eas-tern half of the State.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 17): Blister beetles, Epicauta sp., are abun-
dcnt, Rank growths of weeds have provided food for large numbers of
them. Reports of injury to garden crops have been received frcn various
parts of the State.

Oklahonria, F. A. Fenton (Juno 23): : Blister beetle, E. vittata. reported from
EarlsOoro. M. torsa Lec. appeared at Perry, Hanrion, nnd Wynnewood, in
central and 77est.central Oklahoma.
Texas. S. B. Fenne (June 22): Whi c driving near Houston, observed a large
niubcr of striped blister beetles (E. vittata) flying around lights.

FLEA BEETLES (Halticinae)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): The western cabYagc flea beetle
(Phyllotreta pusilla Horn) was found attvckaini: cabbage plants in Platte
County on June 2.

Colorado. R. L. Wallis (June 21): P-Ol.e-striped flea' beotlos (Systona
taenilta Sav) are d'r-2a:in.- young ; cantaloups, eans, and sugar beet
plants at Grand Junction, in west-central Colorado. It has been
necessary to rcplnnt canntaloups in so:nio fields.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 17): The banded flea beetle (a. taeniata) is
seriously danmgin,',' youn,& pole' beans at Garland, Box Elder County.

GREEN PEACH APHID (Myzus. persicae Sulz.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 7): This pest is reported as very des-
tructive on beets in the Philadelphia area.

California. E. 0. Essig (May): The green poach aphid was found very
abun:Int upon young= tr'mnspl.mts in San Joaquin County in May
out did not seriously injure the, growth.

SOUT=1'u G3EEIN STINCUG (N1ezara viridula L.)

Tez--. R. K. Fletcher (June 17): T7iis pest was re-ported as seriously in-
jurin.r'- beans, peas, mnl tomatoes in Lib'crty and Cherokee Counties, in
costern Texas.

BUFFALO TREEHOPPER (Cerosa bubalus F.)

Missouri. L, Hasenmn (June 24): i-umer'ous complaints have been received
in Juno nymphs atttnckin.- tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers,
flowers, andn other herbaceous plants. Since June 20 some have reached
the adult eta'e ind have been found feeding and harboring on various
plants, includinF. flowers, fruit trees, and sunflowers.


A CAMEL CRICKET (Daihinia brevipes Hald.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swonk (June 22): In the area from Sheridan, Morrill, and
Keith Counties east through the sandhills to Hooker County, an unusual
abundnncc of the cnmel cricket has been repeatedly reported from Juno
15 to date. Observers familiar with this insect, have co.nrented on
its conspicuousness everywhere in the region.


COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Le-ptinotarsa decenlineata Say)

Connecticut. N. Turner (June 22): Larvae are feeding on potatoes in the
southern part of the State. They have not been serious for several

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 10): Injury to newly set tomato pl-mts
reported as serious throughout Sussex County.

Florida. E. W. Berger and G. B. Merrill (June 23): Reported in moderate
abundance on plant in two small patches within the city limits of

Ohio, N. F. How-ard (June 23): On June 23 the potato beetle was reported
as normally abundant at South Point, necessitating control nmos'ures.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): Colorado potato beetle is very common all
over the Lower Peninsula.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (May 27): A slight infestation found on potatoes
in Warren County.

Kansas, H. R. Bryson (June 25): Abun(ant but not causing much injury.

Idaho, R. W. Haegele (June IS): Infestations on potatoes are widespread
and vory bad in southwestern Idaho in many districts, especially in
Canryon County. It has been 2 or 3 years since potato beetles have
app:oared here in damaging numbers,

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 16): A fewr adults were found on potato folia-e
at Clinton, in Davis County. This is the first observance or report
this season. (June 20): Mature larvae and adults found cn potato
vines at Harrisville, in Weber County, recently. T-eso beetles have
been scarce on potatoes, to date, in the small area infested. (June 24):
Injury observed on potatoes at Marriott and West Ogden.

POTATO FLEA BEETLB (Epitrix cucuneris Harr.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (June 21): Reported as increasin.- in abundance on
tomato and potato in central Maine,

Connecticut. N, Turner (June ?2): Serious damage to tomato plants in sever-
al parts of the State. Unsprayed potatoes also show serious feeding.

Georgia. S. B. Fenno (June 20): 7o1uto flea beetles in fields where
control measures were not applied in Union, Fannin, Towns, Gilner,
and Ralbhunvm Counties. Leaves were literally riddled, c ausing stunting
and deformed toy.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 22): Injury to potatoes is severe in some early
plantings in the central part of the State.

Nc'raska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Reported attacking potato and tomato
plannts, tho first report coning on Juo 6 from franklih county, where
the insects were damaging tomato plants.
California. J. 7ilcox (June 1): Potato flea beetle (Epitrix sp.) on tomato
plants in seedbed at Tustin, Orange County, dunagoed about .o0 percent.

CORN EAR WORM (Heliothis obsolgta F.)

South Carolina. J. G. Watts (June): Da-ive in commercial tomato fields
at Ehrhardt anC, Blackville was sufficient to cause ooBidorable con-
cern during the first 10 days of June, but since thon the damage has
been decreasing.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 2): Thec tomato fruitworn has begun to attack
small green tomatoes in a commercial planting at Byron, in central

Ohio. R. L, Nelson (Juno 15): At South Point a few larvae were noted in the
green fruit of tomatoes. One nearly full-grown specimen was found,
the remainder being second and third instar,

POTATO TUBER TOiM (Gnorimoschema operculella Zell.)

California. J. Wilcox (June 8): About 20 percent of the new crop of
potatoes 'as infested when dug at Costa Mesa, Orange County.

TOMATO PINWORM (Gnorinoschema lycoporsicella Busck)

California. J. C. Elmore (Juno 20): The tomato pinworm is common as a
leaf folder on youn,7 tomato plants in 0rang:i, Los Angeles, and Ventura
Counties, in southern California. An early field near Santa Ana,
Orange County, has a 30-percent infestation of the fruit from the first

POTATO LEAFIOPPER (Empoasca fabae Harr.)

Georgia. S. 3. Fenno (June 22): Infestation in the northern part of the
State is not so severe as in previous years, according to growers.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 18): Adults and nym-phs are now common on potatoes
planted near a bean patch on the university farm at Columbus. This is
early for nymphs to appear on potatoes*



POTATO PSYLLIb (Paratrioza cockerelli Sulc.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): The potato and tomato psyllid is unusually
numerous in the potato fields of western Nebraska. Complaints of
daOmate to tomato plants have been received, the first coming from Chase
County on June 7.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 23): A few of the insects tre present generally
on potatoes.


MEXICAN BEAN BEETLE (Epilachna varivestis Muls.)

Massachusetts. C. N. Smith (June 13): This pest was found causing heavy
dama-:-e to beans ,t Vineyard Haven, on Marthas Vineyard.

Connecticut. N. Turner (June 22): Locally very abunmdant. Overwintoring
adults have caused serious dawago to beans but no larvae have been

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): The first egg masses
on Long Island wore found on June 6. They were observed hatching by
June 20.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 10): Abundance and injury about average in
Sussex County.

Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 22): Continued to emerge through the State over
a long period. On June 10 the beetles were still aTlpearing in fields
near Salisbury and for the first time did such severe damage to bush
lima beans that some fields were plowed under.

South Carolina. J. N. Todd (June): Cage emergence of hibernating beetles
at Clemson was 16.1 percent for the season. Heaviest migration from
hibernation to boean fields occurred the first week in Juno.

J. G. Watts (June 20): Danage in home gardens in Barnwell County is
increase in-7.

Ohio. R. H. Nelson (June 15): At South Point, first-,enaration adults
have not yet appeared. Beans coming up during the last week or so are
very lightly infested. Early beans are showing ; injury in certain
areas, but not generally severe.
Indiana. G. E. Gould (June 23): This insect is more common than at this
time last year.

Michirlan. 1. Hutson (June 22): Are injuring gardens- in Detroit.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 1): Heavy infestations found at McMinnville,
Warren County.


L. B. Scott (June 18): Present in sli_-htly more than normal numbers
in the north-central part of the State. Darmag-e is severe in some
fields. '

Kentucky. MI. L. Didlake (June 21 and June 23): The insects were abundant
at Versaillus on June 21 and at Lexington on June 23.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24): Specimens accompanied by complaints of
severe damage to beans have been received during the last 2-,Lth from
numerous localities in the eastern third of the Stnto as far south as
Forrest County.

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (June 19): Specimens, including e. s, larvae, pupae,
and adults, arrived from Bogalusa, in W n} in: tcn Parish, cn June 20.

Arkansas. D. Isely (June 22): Hma been found in Mississipri County, north-
eastern Arkansas, infestinF -ardoen beans near Osceola.

Colorado. R. L. Wallis (June 21): The emergence of tho booties in hibernat-
ing cages has been approximately 25 percent to date. Bcetles are ap)ear-
ing in numbers in the bean fields of '-rand Valley, in west-central
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Juno 20): Beetle injury is rcpnrt.d as juct beginning
at Westwater, Grand County.

BEAN LFAF BEETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Forct.)

Ohio. E.W. "e-ndenhrill (June 25): This insect it quite abundant on beans
in the vicinity of Columbus.

Virginia. A. M. Woodside (June 24): The bean lo-f 'beetle is causing serious
damage to beans in the Staunton vicinity.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24): G. L. 3Bon. reports injur:r to beans and peas
in the vicinity of 2loss Point, in: Jackson County. Larvae of this
species, found in the roots of cowpeas, were sent in from Ethel in
Atta-la County, in central Mississippi, on June 22.

BANDED CUJCUIE-R ?3EETLE (Diabrotica 1lnteata Lcc.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 24): Reported to be Peverel- injuring beans in
Pinellas County.

Texas. J. N. Roney (June 17): Reported on corn, beans, rutabaga, tomato,
and cucumbers in Gnlveston County.

A 2EETLE (Strigod.erna Prbcricola F.)

New York. S. W. 3ronle;, %june 22): Tr. specimens recently sent in from
Westchester County. No host mentioned. (Dot. by E. A. Chap'in.)


Virginia. L. W. 3rannon (June 15): This insect was observed in large
numbers at Norfolk in several snap-bean fields, feeding on the blossoms.
Blossoms were being severely oInaod in sore parts of the fields. The
insect was also feeding on snmrt-ccd blossoms on the cige, of the fields.

COWPEA CURCULIO (Chalcodermus aeneus Boh.)

Georgia. T. L. Bissell (June 22): This weevril is inflicting considerable
dam.-a'c to snap beans left at Tifton,, after the main part of the crop
had been harvested. The beans do not have many ems and larvae, but
the pods are greatly disfigured by adult feeding pictures. The
earliest c:rubs observed were found irn pods on June 2.

CITRUS ROOT WEEVIL (Pachneus opalus Oliv.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 22): This weevil was brod out on beans from
tho roots of which the larvae were collected. These beans were inter-
planted in a pecan orchard. However, I think this is the first instance
of this insects being able to complete its life history on a plant
like be)an i.

A THRIPS (Frankliniella insularis Frankl.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 24): Sent in from Pinellas County, where it
was reported to be dining considerable damage to beans. Though wide-
spread in the southern half of the State, this is the first instance of
any really serious damage being by this West Indian thrips.
EAN APHID (Aphis rumicis L.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Re-ortod front Platte County on June 2,
seriously injuring bean plants.


PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi Kltb.)

Maine. J. H. H-nkins (June 21): MLre a':-'rndnnt on both clover and pens
in Waldo County than at the sane time last year. Also attacking alfalfa.

Connecticut. N. Turner (June 22): Very few aphids seen on peas as yet.

New xork. New York State Coll. Ahr. No-s Letter (June): The pea aphid has
failed to develop into injurious numbers.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Complaints of da'iagc received from Juno 4
to 14 from Sarpy, Butler, Shermnan, and Franklin Counties.

Utah. O. F. Knowlton (June 11): Seriously dania-ing sone canning pea fields
in northern Utah areas on June 11, 85 percent of one field at Murray be-
inv destroyed. In some fields populations of pea aphids have been de.
creasing lately. (June 23): Abundance has decreased in most canning
fields in northern Utah during the last 10 days.


IILOZMD CAMAGE WOBM (Pier is rapae L.)

Connecticut. N. Turner (Juno 22): First-generation adults flying. No
serious drma4e to unsprayed fields of cabbaOge and cauliflower.

Maryland. E. N. Gory (June 13): Adults flying and laying ergs in great
abun'nnce and the first larvae have hatched in Baltimore County.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): During the latter half of June there seems
to be an increase in cabbage worms at Columbia.

CA33AGE APHID (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (June 25): Doint: some dlnaco to cAbage 1ilants in
Franklin County.

Nebraska. M. H. S-renk (June 22): Inquiries as to the control of this pest
on radish, turnip, and related vegetables received from Franklin County
on June 6 and 9.

DIAMOND3ACK MOTH (Plutella naculipennis Curt.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June ll): Adult- abundant around trap lights at
Loan, anl larvae on nustards thrt-ihout northern Utah. Injury to
eahbabe has just beun.

HLAiQUIN 3UG (Murgantia histrionic Hahn)

Ohio. N. F. Ho-ard (June 23): At South Point the bur is not present in
injurious numbers. S-s are rather numerous on kale.

Tennessee. L. 3. Scott (Juno lS): Pest present in more than normal numbers
in north-contral Tennessee. Many reports of damage to cabbage and
turnips have been received, but the damage is moderate.

Mississippi (June 24): A heavy infestation on cauliflower, radish, and turnip
plants observed in a garden at State College on May 25. These insects
were reported as abundant on mustard and turnips from Collins, Covington
County, on May 27.


SQUASH BUG (Anasa tristis Dog.)

Ohio. N. F. ":owrc!. (Ma7 26): Adults were taken on young squash on the
experimental plots at Columbus,

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (June): Squash bugs have been reported from many
localities during June.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk'(June 22): Squash buss :.aging pumpkin vines were the
subject of complaint by a Sarpy County correspondent on June 14.

Kansas. H. R. Dryson (Jur. '17): The squash bugs are plentiful wherever
squashes or pumpkins are being grown. Reported abundant at Ottawa and
Manhat t an.

Califcrnia. R. E. Campbell (Juno 1): Adults have been observed in fields
of banana and Htbbard squash in the San Fernando Valley.

(June 20): At El Monte, Los Angeles County, squash bugs arc attacking
crean squash and table queen squash, varieties which in previous years
have been immune to attack.


MELON APHID (Aphis gossrpii Glov.)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 25): Reported abundamt at Neosho Falls, in south-
eastern Kansas.

California. R. N. Campbell (June 2): This aphid was causing considerable
trouble last week in the Turlock-Merced area, in central California.

PICKLEWOLM (Diaphania nitidalis Stal)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (Juno 24): G. L. Bond of Moss Point reports pickleworm
danaTing cantaloups in that section of the State. They are appearing
in numbers at State Collef:o.
Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (June): The pickloworn, attacking cucumbers, has been
sent in front Allen Parish.


ASPARAGUS DEETLE (Crioceris 'asparagi L.)

Massachusetts. A. L. Bourne (June 24): Asparagus beetles appeared slightly
later than usual and were considerably less abundant than they were last
year in western Massachusetts, where they were a more s 'rious pest than
they had been for many years.

Now York. R. W. Leiby (May and Juno): In western New York the common
asparagus beetle is heavily parasitized by a hynenopteron, Totrastichus
asMaragi Crawf., in Monroe, Wayne, and Oswego Counties.

Idaho. R. W. Haegele (June 22): This is the first record of the occurrence
of the asparagus beetle in Idaho. It wrs taken in gardenss at Nanpa,
C.nyon County.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 4): Larvae have been abundant at Clearfield and
Roy wherever control measures were not applied. The predator Perillus
bioculatus F. has been observed to feed on the lnrvne at Riverdale.

ONION THRIPS (Thrips tabaci Lind.)

Connecticut.' N1. Turner (June 22): Locally abundant, but much less damage
than on the same date last year.
California. H. J. Ryan (June 22): An unusually heavy infestation noted
during the month on asparagus in the San Fornando Valley.
ONION MAGGOT (Hylemyia antiquaMe ig.)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (June): Onion maggots doing considerable damage in the
Labish region in northwestern Oregon. Pupae found on June l4.

HOP APHID (Phorodon humili Schr.)

Oregon# D. C. Mote (June): Ten-percent emergence of this aphid at Corvallis,
where it is infesting hop leaves,

SPINACH LEAF MINER (Pegomyia byoscyami Panz.)

Connecticut. N. Turner (June 22): Two acres of spinach in Hartford County
have about 25 percent of the plants infested, the first commercial damage
seen on spinach for several years.


Indiana. J. J, Davis (June 13): Sw6etpotato tortoise beetles, M. bicolor
F. and M. bivittata Say, have been reported as destructively abundant
on sweetpotatoes in several localities in the northern half of the State.

Mississippi, C. Lyle (June 24): Specimens of M. bivittata received from
Laurel, Jones County, on June 22, with a report that they were moderate-
ly abundant on sweetpotato plants.

SWEETPOTATO LEAF BEETLE (ZTpophorus viridicynneus Crotch)

North Carolina, L. W, Brannon (June 20): First adults of the season col-
lected in field on May 24, 17 days earlier than the first beetle was
found in 1937. First eg-s deposited in the insectary on June 8, and
hatched on June 19,
STRAWBERRY LEAF ROLLER (Ancylis comptana Froel.)

Indiana, J. J, Davis (June 13): The insect has been more than usually
abundant, judging from numerous reports, beginning the last of May and
continuing to the present, and indicating general infestation for


central and. northern Indiana.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 23): Larvae and some pupae are abundant in
some older fields in northern Utah, but rather scarce in others. Quite
a number are parasitized.

A LEAF ROLLER (Anacampsis fragariella Jusck)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (June): Pupae found at Corvallis on June I1.

STRAW3ERRY FiITWORM (Cnephasia longana 'law.)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (June): First pupa found on May 27, first adults on
June 7, and first e^^s on June 15, in tho Willamette Valley.

STRAWBERRY WEEVIL (Anthonomus s ignatus Say)

Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 22): Present generally in the State. Crop
severely damaged.

Delarware. H. W. Allen (June): Injury by an insect, known locally -s "the
clipper, I presumably this species, was found to be so severe in scmne
fields in the vicinity of Dridgeville,in southwestern Delaware, at the
end of May that growers reported the harvesting of less than half the
normal crop.

STRAWBERiY ROOT WEEVILS (Brachyrhinus spp.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 24): Adults of Z. ovatus L. and 3. ruposostriatus
Gooze were abundant in a strawberry patch damaged by larvae at Willard,
Dox Elder County. (June 25): Niney percent of the '. rugosostriatus
were adult and 10 percent pupae in fields damaged severely at Oren and
Pleasant Grove. Nearly all -. ovatus were aiult also.

A IAF DEETLE (Timarcha intricate Hald.)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (June): Larvae sent in from Marion County in north-
western Oregon, on June 4.

A CARRION BEETLE (Silpha ramosa Say)

Washington. 3. J. Landis and W. W. Baker (June 3): Adult beetles were
atc.cking strawberries in a small garden northeast of Naches, Yakina
County. Said to have been extremely abundant in 1937.

EARLY S TAWDERRY SLUG (Enpria fragariae Rohw.)

Nebraska. M. H. 3wenk (June 22): Found attacking strawberry leaves in Holt
County on May 23.

MILLIPEDES (Diplopoda)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (May 24 and June 3): Complaints were received from Hamilton
County on May 24, and Lucas County on June 3, that strawberries were be-

ing fed upon by worms submitted for identification and found to be
.millipedos. Extensive injury was being caused by the millipedes bury-
ing the fore parts of their bodies in the ripening berries nnd eating
holes in them. Not encountered before.


liMTDfl CMLCULIO (Lixus concavus Say)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (May 24): Reported doing considerable damage to
corr:orcial plantings of rhubarb at Logansport on May 24.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 3): Reported on rhubarb at Johnson City,
WnTrhirn:ton Cnunty.

A PENTATOMID (Euschistus inflatus Van D.)

Utah. G. F. Know lton (June 2): Adults are extremely abundant around the
bases of rhubarb stocks, preventing g.v;oth and resulting in seriously
weakened plants at Rivcrdale.


HOMIWORMS (Protoparce spp.)

South Carolina. J. G. Watts (June): This insect, P. sexta Johan, occurred
in most i;laces on tomato, alon-: with the tomato fruitworm, in Jarnwoll
and Danberg Counties, in the southwestern part of the State, causing
control measures to be t'-ken in somO fields.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 4): Adults of P. sextA and P. quinquomnaculata
Haw. wero crmmionly ta'Jken flying by nik;ht in central and eastern

L. 7. Scott (June 1L): The hornworns P. sexta and P.-uinquomaculnta
ap]veared about 2 *.ec:s earlier than us)al but the infestation is below
normal. It is believed that low night temperatures have delayed
enrc ric e. i

TODACCO 3M OfM0M (Heliothis virescens F.)

Tennessee. J. M. 3ontley (June 8)1 Fcund e1oin- severe injury to tobacco
at Joelton, Davidson County. Maany replanting had to be nade.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 25): Reported from Duffalo Center, Winnebago
County, and Ames, Story County, on groundcherries. This insect breeds
on wild groundcherry, as ,'.ell as on cultivated varieties, and is a
post of considerable importance.


A WE3WORA (Crarib'u.s sp.)

Tennessee. L. 3. Scott (June 19): Cranbids caused severe dannge to tobacco
planted on land which was idle in 1936 and 1937. In the north-central
part of the State nary fields required replanting of 90 percent of the
original plantings. A few fields wore abandoned.

POTATO FLEA DEETLE (Epitrix cucumeris Earr.)

Connecticut. A. W. Morrill, Jr. (June 6): Potato flea beetles attacked
newly set tobacco, in many cases with unusual severity, from May 23 to
31, particularly in the vicinity of potato fields in Hartford County.
Leaves were riddled and in some fields considerable resetting was
necessary. The attack diminished after control measures had booeen
applied. The lull between broods is now in pro-ress nnd little damage
has been seen since June 3.

TODACCO THRIPS (Frankliniella fusca Hinds)

Connecticut. A. W. Morrill, Jr. (June): Those insects appeared within 2
days after setting (24 hours in one case) on shade tobacco in Hartford
County and seemed to be increasing rapidly during June, despite heavy
rains in the first half of the month. The early apponrance is un-
usual, and they are being found in arpreciable numbers in some fields
that have not had them for several years. It seems likely that this
insect will be able to do some commercial dAnage unless the season is
unusually wet, as it was last year.

A WHITEFLY (Aleyrodidac)

Florida. F. S. Chamberlin (June 14): An undetermined whitefly is causing
serious injury in a crop of shade--rown tobacco in Gadsden County and
has been found in lesser numbers in several other to-acco crops.

-288- -


BOLL WEEVIL (Anthonomus grand. is Boh.)

South Carolina. J. G. Watts (June): Infestation is rather general over the
Blackville section, but not serious.

F. F.,Bondy (June 25): In Florence County, northeastern coastal
plain, in 16 untreated plots the infestation averaged about 5 percent.
The damage seems to be the worst in the past several years.
Georgia, P. M. Gilmor and P. A. Glick (Juno 19): At Tifton, in southern
Georgia, the infestation in Sea Island cotton is quito heavy and a i
few fields of upland cotton show a heavy infestation. First-brood
weevils are beginning to emerge.

W. L. Lowry (June 25): In Lowndes and Echols Counties square
examinations in both poisoned and unpoisoned fields showed little or
no increase in infestation during the past 3 weeks.
Florida. C. S. Rude and L. C. Fife (June 25): The infestation is heavier
than it was a year ago. Last year the average infestation in 21 fields
was 8.4 percent as compared with 29 percent in the 15 fields examined
this year.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24): According to reports, the infestation over
the State is considerably higher this year than during the last 2 years.

R. L. IcGarr (June 25): At State College, in cast-central Missic-
sippi, inspections of 8,400 squares in 25 untreated plots and fields
this week showed an average infestation of 21.6 percent. This was a
decrease from the previous week of 7.3 percent, which was mostly due
to some of the overwintered weevils dying and increase in tho numbers
of squares on the plants.

J. C. Clark (June 25): In Washington County (Delta section)
weevils have scattered farther from hibernation quarters than in the
past 2 years. Boll weevils appeared on the Experiment Station farm
13 days earlier than in 1935, 19 days earlier than in 1936, and 17 days
earlier than in 1937.

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (Juno): Farmers arc reporting that the boll wcevil
is unusually abundant, and early indications are of 30- to 60-pcrccnt

R. C. Gaines (June 11): During the past week 49,000 cotton plants
were examined in Madison Parish, and an average of 90 weevils per acre
was found. During the same week in 1937, 49 weevils per acre, in 19?6,
13 weevils per acre, and in 1935, 140 weevils por acre were found.


(June 22): Punctured squares have been found in practically all fields
where records have been made. Infestation ranged from 0 to 15 percent.
Weevils appear to be widely scattered. First-generation, field-reared
weevils are appearing. Weather conditions have been very favorable for
the rapid multiplication of weevils.

Arkansas. D. Isely (Juno 22): The indications of a general infestation are
much greater than they have been any year since 1932. Within the last
10 days reports of boll weevil occurrence have come from scattered
localities over the greater part of the cotton-producing areas in the
State with the exception of the northeastern counties.
Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (June 22): Boll weevils have been reported damaging
squares as fast as they set in southeastern Oklahoma.

F. A. Fenton (June 23): Heavy spotted infestations occur.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (June 3): Total weevil emergence has been 5.99 percent,
which is higher than the average in central Texas. Over half of these
overwintering weevils emerged during May. Little increase was noted
in the infestation in Hidalgo County during the last week. In 4 fields
examined an average of 13 percent, with a maximum of 25 percent punctured
squares, was found. In 21 fields examined an average of over 500 weevils
per acre has been found in upland fields of presquare cotton of Brazes
County and river-botton fields of Jackson County. Few weevils were
found in river-bottom fields of Burleson County and open-prairie fields
of Calhoun County. (June 10): A slight decrease was noted in the
population in presquare cotton in the river bottoms of Jackson County
and upland fields of Brazes County. An average of 1 weevil per 200
plants has been found in fields near favorable hibernation quarters in
the river bottoms of Brazes and Burloson Counties, and a maximum of
24 percent punctured squares in the oldest fields. (June 17): A slight
increase was noted in the infestation in Hidalgo County last week, an
average of 14 percent of the squares being found punctured in the four
fields examined. In the fields of southern and central Texas, where
the numbers of overwintering weevils have been found to be high, the
injury, or number of punctured squares, is noticeable.

R. W. Moreland (June 25): The infestation in untreated plots
this'week ranged from 12 to 30 percent averaging 21 percent, as com-
pared with l4 percent last year. A few weevils are still emerging
from hibernation cages.

K. P. Ewing (June 25): In Calhoun and Jackson Counties, on the
Gulf coast, the potential damage appears to be greater than last year.

PINK BOLLWORM (Pectinophora gossypiolla Saund.)

Texas. A. J. Chapman (June 4): The records indicate that the survival in
hibernation cages at Presidio is 7.21 percent, which is lower than
for the same period last year, when it was 10.36 percent. (June 25):
The number of larvae collected in blooms increased from 69 per acre
on June 15 to 142 on June 23. The fields which were heavily pastured
last fall continue to show the lowest infestation. LIBRARY


COTTON LEAF WOBIM (Alabama argillacea Hbn.)

Texas. F. L. Thomas (June 10): Leafworms have been found in Hidalgo County
and in all fields examined in Calhoun County. (June 17): Pullgrown
loaf worms, some of which are beginning to "web up," have been observed
in a number of fields in Calhoun County.

K. P. Ewing (Juno 11): Many fields in Calhoun County show e0ects of
ragging although no real damage has been noted. (June 25): A new crop
of leaf worms is beginning to appear in Calhoun County. Several farmers
have used control measures, although there is no widespread poisoning.

R. W. Moreland (June 25): The first leaf worm was collected in the
vicinity of College Station on June 18.

BEET ARMYWORM (Laphygma exigua Hbn.)

Arizona. T. P. Cassidy (June 11): Approximately 650 acres of cotton in the
Marana sectionbecame heavily infested. (June 25): The infestation has
practically disappeared as a result of the irrigation.

COTTON FLEA HOPPER (Psallus seriatus Reut.)

Georgia. P. M. Gilmer (June 19): At Tifton, in southern Georgia, thero are
only a few flea hoppers present.

Wm. L. Lowry (June 19): In Lowndes and Echols Counties very few
flea hoppers have been observed on Sea Island cotton.

Mississippi. D. W. Grimes (June 24): Some injury noted in fields in central

R. L. McGarr (June 25): Inspection of 8,000 terminal buds in 24
untreated plots and fields of cotton this weok at State College showed
a very light infestation, averaging 5.7 flea hoppers per 100 buds.
There has not been any noticeable increase in flea hoppers for some time*

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (Juno): Cotton flea hoppers are reported from the
northwestern corner of the State down the Red River Valley as far as
Alexandria and Marksville on croton and bitterweed.

R. C. Gaines (June 25): Flea hoppers are very scarce on cotton
at Tallulah and less abundant than during the past 2 years.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (June 3): Total emergence has been lower than average
in central Texas. Hoppers increased in some fields of Burleson and
Calhoun Counties during the last week. (Juno 10): The population in-
creased during the last week in southern and central Texas, increasing
in southern Texas from an average of 6 to 27 flea hoppers per 100 terminal
buds. A largo increase was noted in the adult population in a number of
fields in Burleson and Milan Counties. Typical injury has been noted


in some of the oldest cotton fields. (June 17): Flea hoppers have
increased considerably during the last week in Calhoun County. The
average infestation in 38 fields is 75 hoppers per 100 terminal buds,
which is almost a 30e-percent increase over last week. In central
Texas flea hoppers increased slightly in some fields, while in others,
over a 200.percent increase was noted. Injury is noticeable in some
fields. (June 24): The weather during the past week in southern and
central Texas has been favorable for the multiplication of flea hoppers,
which are doing considerable injury in southern Texas. Field inspections
and flight trap records show that there has been a distinct migration of
adults from native host plants to cotton during the last week. Few
flea hoppers have been found on cotton in either Milam or Kaufman

R. W. Moreland (June 25): The flea hopper population is light in
most upland fields.

K. P. Ewing (June 25): At Port Lavaca, in Calhoun County, the
cotton flea hopper continues to do very severe and serious damage. An
average of 78.5 flea hoppers per 100 terminal buds was found on 7,100
terminal buds inspected. This is in comparison to 77.4 last week.

THRIPS (Thysanoptera)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 6): Some late cotton in Washington County showed
injury. (June 24): An infestation on young cotton plants recently
reported from Scott, Bolivar County.

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (June): Cotton thrips (Frankliniella tritici Fitch)
have been abundant again during June on cotton that was planted late.
This is the most abundant species.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (June 24): Thrips are reported to be doing injury to
the young cotton in Dickens and Lubbock Counties, in northwestern Texas.

California. C. S. Morley (June 4): In some places in Kern County bean thrips,
Heliothrips fasciatus Perg., are showing up on wild lettuce around
cotton plantings in some places and the thrips are attacking the young



CANKERWORMS (Geometridae)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 22).: Fall cankerworms (Alsophila pometaria
Harr.) are abundant in Ferrisburg, Addison County, western Vermont,
on soft maple, basswood, and other foliage. The larvae were nearly
full grown on Juno 9. Spring cankerworms (Palcacrita vernata Peck)
are abundant on elms at occasional points from Burlington, Chittendon
County, western Vermont, south through Addison County. Some elms
were nearly defoliated on June 21, but no larvae were present at that
time and the pupae were found at the tree bases.

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June 24): Spotted infestations of A. pometaria
on deciduous trees in Cheshire, Cornwall, Lime Rock, and Sharon were
reported. A group of nine trees in Cheshire and many woodland trees
in Lime Rock were completely stripped.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 29): Complete defoliation of many farm
orchards and shade trees by cankerworms has occurred in southern
Wisconsin during the last 2 weeks, where control measures have not
been taken.

C. L. Fluke (June 21): P. vernata is present on elm and apple
in southeastern Wisconsin and very numerous in unsprayed orchards.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June): Many reports of cankerworms came in
from around Saint Paul and Ainneapolis and also from Thief River
Falls, Pennington County, in northwestern Minnesota.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 21): Severe defoliation of trees by
cankerworns is reported front MIinot, Ward County, in the north-central
part of the State.

SPANWORMS (Geomotridao)

Connecticut. R. B. Friend (June 14): Ennomos subsignarius Hbn. reported
attacking red maple, ash, elm, American hornbeam, and yellow birch at
Monroo, in the southwestern part of the State. About 250 acres of
woodland were defoliated in an area restricted to low land. The
larvae arc beginning to pupate.

Pennsylvania. R. M. Baker (June 23): The small white geomnctrid, Physos-
togania pustularia Guen., is beginnin; to fly in numbers in wooded

FOREST TENT CATERPILLAR (Malacosona disstria Hbn.)

Vermont. K. W. Edwards (June 10): Defoliation of r.iplec and birch reported
in woodland on Riker Mountain Range near Waterbury, in the north-

U ~


central part of the State.

K. W7. Edwards and B. B. Mitchell (June 10 and 22): Defoliation
of several acres of mnplo and birch around Duxbury and Stowe, north-
western Vermont, is reported. One hundred acres of woodland, naple
and poplar, is 75 percent defoliated near Jericho, in the saine
general area.

E. L. Keniston (June l1): Heavy defoliation of maple, eol, an'.
oak, mostly in maple orchards, is reported from Manchester and Dorset,
southwestern Vermont.

H. N. Bean (June 23): Heavy defoliation of maple reported from
southeastern Vermont at Chester, Cavendish, Springfield, and Baltimore.

Massachusetts. A. L. Bourne (June 24): The tent caterpillars have stopped
feeding and throughout the State have shown a marked decline from
their abundance a year ago. This is the first time for several seasons
that there has been any appreciable decline in their numbers.

Connecticut. R. B. Friend (Juno 17): Sugar maples for a distance of about
2.5 miles along the highway near Litchfield and extending some distance
back into the woodland are defoliated, many of then completely. The
larvae are about full grown. P. Wallace reports that there are approxi-
notely 300 acres in Goshen and 100 acres in the northern part of Corn-
wall wherein the maple trees are from 50 to 95 percent defoliated.
These three areas are not contiguous but are all in Litchfiold County,
northwestern Connecticut.

Pennsylvania. R. L. Hardy (June 4): A large area of maple, ash, nnd
cherry is 75 percent defoliated in Oregon Township, southeastern

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): Reported from Harrisville and Spruce in
the northern part of the Lower Peninsula.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 21): Abundant and causing defoliation
of shelterbelts in the vicinity of Casselton, in Cass County, south-
eastern North Dakota.

Washington. M. H. Hatch (May 28): Willow trees south of Renton in the
west-central part of the State are being stripped by this insect.

W. W. Baker (June): Malacosona sp. is reported as extremely
abundant on fruit trees and shrubs during June, particularly in the
northern part of Vashon Island, just south of Seattle.

FALL WEBWORMS (Hyphantria spp.)

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (June 21): The fall webworn (H. tcxtor Harr.)
is bec^,iing abundant in the Stanford area, in the southwestern part
of the State.


Pennsylvania. E. P. Felt (June 21): H. textor has appeared at Villanova
in southeastern Pennsylvania.

H. I. Hodgkiss (Juno 23): H. cunca Drury is very abundant on
shade trees in the central counties.

Tennossee. G. M. Bentley (June 18): H. cunca is reported on clri and oak
trccs at imcnphis, Shelby County, in southeastern Tennessee.

BAGWOR1 (Thyridopteryx epheomeraeformls Haw.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June l4): Snail bags arc bcing forncd on
arborvitae in the southeastern area.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 19): Reported as doiin- severe injury to
evergreens in central and western Tennessee.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (Juno 24): There sce'.s to be a rather heavy general
infestation on arborvitae over the

Texas. C. B. Nickels (June 1): Exceptionally abundant on evergreen
trees at Brownwood, in north-central TexaE.

ORIENTAL MOTH (Cnidocmp -f-lavescens Walk.)

Massachusctts.' E.-P. Felt (June 21): A pupa was roceivod from Pi-tid,
Berkshire 0ount-y, in wosBtorn Massachusetts.

GREEN FRUITWORA (Graptolitha antennata Walk.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 22): Larvae were abundant on silver maple,
brown ash, and willow close to Lke Ch nnplain at Forrisburg, in the
northwestern part of the State, on June 9. Much variation in size
was noted.


CARPENTER WOPRM (Prionoxystus robiniac Peck)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 21): Reported doini- serious injury to
ash trees at Tyler, Richland County, and at Jud, LaMoure County, both
in the southeastern part of the State.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk. Found attacking ash and elm trees in Garden
County, west-central Nebraska, on MLay 27, and in Holt County,
northern Nebraska, on May 30.

WOOLLY BEECH APHID (Phyllaphis fa-i L.)

New York. R. E. Horsey (June 2): Reported as quite severe on several
varieties of the Europcan beech at Rochester.


Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 7): Noted on purple beech at Ha.crstown, in
the northwestern part of the State.


BRONZED BIRCH BORER (Agrilus anxius Gory)

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (June 21): This pest was found abundant in
white birch at Fairfield.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Juno 13): Reported destroying birch at Indianapolis
on May 22.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 25): Infestations have boon reported from Daven-
port, in Scott County, cast-central part of the State, and from
Colfax, in Jasper County, central part of the State.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (Juno 17): One adult beetle reared from a
pupa taken from small wild cottonwood at Valley City, Barnes County,
southeastern North Dakota, on May 4. (Mr. %munro had previously
reported that a considerable number of these wild seedlings--being
dug along the rivers for use in shelterbelt plantings--were infested
with this beetle.) (Dot. by W. S. Fisher.)

Nebraska. MI. H. Swenk (June 22): In Douglas County, in the east-central
part of the State, this insect was reported on birch.


CAT.ALPA SPHINX (Ceratomia catalpac Bdv.)

Ohio. E. W. 1,i'cndcnhall (June 25): Quite injurious on Catalpa bungei
trees in Columbus.


E LEAF BEETLE (Galerucolla xanthomolacna Schr.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (Juno 22): Very abundant on elm at Winooski,
Chittcnd.on County, in northwestern Vermont. Foliage on many trees
badly eaten by the adults on June 2, and many beetles and on
foliage. No larvae present. E'cs but no larvae on folia-c in
Burlington on Juno 14.

Kentucky. '. L. Didlake (June i4 and 21): Very destructive In Jessamine
County, in the oast-central part of the State, on June l4 and at
Lexington and Shelbyvillo on June 21.

California. C. S. Morley (June 4): Has completed its life cycle on elm
and many trees are severely injured in Kern County.


RED EL.: BARK WEEVIL (Magdalis armicollis Say)

Nebraska. L.. H. Swcnk (June 22): Reportoedl damaging elm trees in Holt
County on Juno 7 and Chinese elm trees in Pcrkings County on June 9.

JEUROPEAN ELM SCALE (Gossyparia spuria Mod.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Juno 13): Was hatching on June 9.

Illinois. '7. P. Flint (June 23): This post has spread very rapidly
during the last two or three seasons. Most of the central and
northern Illihois cities and towns show sonc infestation. It is very
general throughout many cities. Danazo has been light for the last
two seasons but is on the increase this year.

Wisconsin. C. L. Fluke (June 21): Reported from the southern part of
the Stoate from the following locations: Crawford, Jefferson, Calumet,
and Milwaukee Counties.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (Juno 25)t Has boon reported on elms from the eastern
half of the State from the following locations: Cedar Falls lackk
Hawk County), Ankony and Des Moincs (Polkl: County), Cedar Rapids (Linn
County), Ames (Story County), and Clarion (Wright County)#

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 20): Dana-c has recently been reported from
Salt Lake City and Lo,-an.

WOOLLY ELM! APHID (Eriosona americanun Riley)

MIichigan. R.. Hutson (June 22): This pest was found on June 17 at
Hulbort, in the Upper Peninsula.

South Dakota. H. C. Sovcrin (June): Exceptionally abundant and has
done considerable damage to elm.

Nebraska. :.I. H. Swenk (June 22): Elm trees in Lancaster, Cedar, NTancc,
Holt, Garfield, Custer, Sheridan, and other counties are being attacked.


AN APHID (Cherries cooleyi Gill.)

New York. R. E. Horsey (June 7): A severe infestation on a niurber of
Doulas fir in two widely separated ornamental plantings in Rochester.
In addition to the typical trees, a compact former of Douglas fir was
very badly disfigured, and the injury to the leaves very noticeable.


LARCH CASE 3EA2R (Coloophora laricella Hbn.)

Massachusetts and Connecticut. A. F. Burgess (Juno 2): Field reports


indicate that this insect is very abundant in the southern section
of Berkshire County, Mass., and in sections of Litchfield County,
Conn. In these areas much daname has been noted this season. During
recent years many larch trees have been killed.

New York. R. E. Horsey (June 3): A few were feeding on larch as late
as June 3 at Rochester.

WOOLLY LARCH APHID (Chcrmcs strobilobius Kltb.)

New York. R. E. Horsey (June 6): Numerous at Rochester on several
European and Japanese larches.


LOCUST LEAF MINER (Chalopus dorsalis Thunb.)

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (Juno l14): Completely defoliating black locust
trees in the vicinity of Brunswick, in Shelby County.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24): Adults sent in by F. A. Smith on May 30
with a report that they were abundant on black locust trees in
Marshall and Lafayette Counties. Reported on June 21 that they were
also abundant on black locust in Coahora County. (All counties
mentioned are in the northern part of the State.)

A CECIDOMYED(Cecidomyia robiniao Hald.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24): Black locust leaves showing a moderate
infestation were sent in on June 21 from Clarksdale, Coahoma County.


GOUTY VEIN GALL (Dasyneura conmunis Felt)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (Juno 22): Seemingly more abundant than usual
on su,.ar maple. During the last month seven lots of specimens have
been received for identification from Collinsville, Manchester, New
Milford, Plainvillo, Sinsbury, Torrin.ton, and West Hartford.

NORWAY MAPLE APHID (Periphyllus lyropictus Koss.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hod'-kiss (June 25): Very abundant on street and lawn
trees and causing extreme annoyance on account of the honeydew.

Virginia. A. UM. Woodside (June 24): The threatened outbreak at Staunton
has been checked completely by predators.

WOOLLY ALDER APHID (Prociphilus tessellatus Fitch)

Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 22): Very abundant in a general infestation
on maple.


AN APHID (Neoprociphilus aceris Monell)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June 22): Sugar maple leaves heavily infested
and partly brown received from Bridgeport and New Haven.

COTTONY MAPLE SCALE (Pulvinaria vitis L.)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 13): This scale is quite abundant on soft maple
in Champaign and Franklin Counties, in the northern half of the State.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (Juno 23): This scale has been sent in from many
localities in northern and north-central Illinois. One specimen has
come from the southern part of the State. Most infestations are
very heavy.

Michigan. E. I. McDaniel (June 17): The insects have laid practically all
their eggs and some of these are just beginning to hatch. It has
been reported as attacking maple at Port Huron, Grand Rapids, and
Jackson, in the southern part of the State.

WALNUT SCALE (Aspidiotus juglans-regiac Comst.)

Ohio. J. S. Housor (Juno 10): Branches heavily encrusted with insects
about two-thirds grown received from Norwood in southwestern Ohio.
This insect has not booeen common in the State within recent years.

TERRAPIN SCALE (Lecanium nigrofa.sciatum Perg.)

Ohio. J. S. Houser (June 10): This scale is unusually prevalent on
maple in many sections of Ohio and the degree of infestation is
extreme. In northern Ohio the young are beginning to appear.

MAPLE BLADDER GALL (Phyllocoptos quadripes Shim.)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June 22): Apparently more prevalent on
silver maple than usual. Specimens received from Branford, Clinton,
Fairfield, New Canaan, New London, North Woodbury, and Waterbury.

Michigan. E. I. McDaniel (June 17): First samples of this gall on maple
wore received from Eaton Rapids, in southern Michigan.


AN APHID (Myzocallis californicus Baker)

California. E. 0. Essig (ivlay Juno): This aphid was especially abundant
on Quercus kelloggi in the Yosemite Valley during the latter part of
May and the early part of June. The ladybird beetle (Hippodamia
convergens Guen.) began its emergence and migrations early in June
and apparently checked the aphid very materially by the middle of
the month. This is the first record of an abundance of the oak aphid


in the Yosemite Valley, although it has been observed there by, the
writer slnoe 1928.

A SCALE (Kermes pubesfens Bogue)

Illinois. W. P. Flint (June 23): The oak kermes has been abundant at
several points in Illinois, attacking woodland trees, as well as
those in cities and towns.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 21): Receiving considerable number of specimens
of this oak scale this spring. (Dot. by H. Morrison.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (Juno 22): A Douglas County correspondent reported
on June 12 that an oak tree in his yard was being denuded of leaves.


BLACK TURPENTINE BEETLE (Dendroctonus terebrans Oliv.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 24): Specimens received from Pontotoc, in
northern Mississippi, on June 23 with a report that they wore abundant
in dying pine trees over a small area.

JEUROPEAN PINE SHOOT MOTH (Rhyacionia buoliana Schiff.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (May 27): Heavy infestations occur in
the Philadelphia area.

Delaware. E. P. Felt (June 21): Was found injuring red pine at Wilmington.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): Found in jack pine at Roseville, Macomb
County, in the southeastern corner of the State.

A SHOOT MOTH (Phyacionia rigidana Fern.)

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 18): Specimens of now growth of Japanese
table pine, with twig borer injury, collected at Kingsport on June 7.
(Det. by C. Heinrich.)

SPRUCE BUDWORM (Cacoecia fumiferana Clem.)

Michigan. E. I. McDaniel (June 7): The spruce shoot moth was beginning
to pupate on June 2. An ornamental stand of Scotch pine near East
Lansing was heavily infested.

SAWFLIES (Neodiprion spp.)

New Hampshire and Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 18): A
sawfly appears to be increasing in numbers and is a serious menace
to red pine in eastern Massachusetts and southern New Hampshire. In
many State and municipal reservations, such as State parks, State


forests, and watersheds, and on private property many red pine
plantations were sprayed to prevent serious defoliation. Heavy
feeding occurred in some plantations in Essex, Middlesex, and
Worcester Counties, Mass. In Massachusetts the eggs hatched during
the latter part of April this year and most of the larvae completed
their feeding by the second week in June.

Indiana. G. E. Gould (June 23): The pine sawfly (N. pinctum Nort.)
defoliated 12 large white pines at Monticello, in White County.

Nebraska. ivi. H. Swenk (June 21): The fir sawfly (N. abietis Harr.)
was found defoliating pine trees in a grove in Antelope County on May 26.

A SAWFLY (Neodiprion sortifer Geoff.)

New Jersey. J. V. Schaffnor, Jr. (June 1S): Infestations of this species
in New Jersey appear to be increasing in intensity, severe defoliation
having occurred- this spring in both large and small plantations of red
pine, -,.nd in small groups of Japanese, red, Scotch, jack, and Swiss
mountain pines in Somerset. White pine and Austrian pine aro fed upon
rather sparingly even when growing in close proximity to heavily in-
fested trees of other species. Hatching this year took place late in
April, and feeding was completed in May before this season's growth
had developed to the point wherc the needles separate. In severely
defoliated plantations new cocoons were found on the twigs, particularly
beneath the male flower catkins, as well as in the duff under the
trees. Infestations are now known to occur in the northern half of
the State in Hunterdon, Merccr, Middlesex, M1orris, Somerset, and
Union Counties.


Michi;i-n. E. I. McD-aniel (June 28): On June 25 a large number were
collected on Scotch pine in a nursery near Monroe. At present the
larvae have completed their development and many of them arc ready to
spin up.

SPITTLEBUGS (Ahrophora spp.)

New England. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June lI): The spittle bug is common
to abundant in many plantations of red, Scotch, and white pine frora
the central part of New Jersey to southern New Hampshire.

Connecticut. M. P. Zappe (June 23): A. parallel Say is very abundant
in certain plantations of red and white pine.

A PITCH MIDGE (Retinodoplosis resinicola 0. S.)

Michigan. E. I. McDaniel (June 10): A large quantity of jack pine twigs
and brxnxch'os infested with this insect have been received. Material
comes from Fife Lake, and the infestation is understood to be


widespread but only trees along tho edge of the plantation or
trees standing in the open are infested.

PINE BARK APHID (Pineus strobi Htg.)

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (June 21): Somewhat abundant at Lakevillo, in
the western part of the State.

South Carolina. J. A. Berly (Juno 22): A light infestation reported on
white pine at Greenville.

A MITE (Eriophyos pini Nal.)

California. E. 0. Essig (June 27): Doing serious dango to old Monterey
pine trees and even killing young trees in the San Francisco Bay


GOLDSMITH B=ETLE (Cotalpa lanigora L.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (Juno 22)r Specimens from a cottonwood tree sent
from Anitelope County on June 18. Additional specimens were sent in
from Caning County on Juno 20. Both localities are in northeastern

POPLAR LEAF BEETLE (Phytodocta pallida L.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 16): Very abundant in the western
part of the State.

INEVAIDA BUCK-,MOTH (Homileuca nevadensis Stretch)

Nebraska. 1f. H. Swenk (June 22): Caterpillars feeding on cottonwood
were sent in from Sheridan County, in the northwestern part of the
State, on May 21.


A LEAF MINER (Rocurvaria sp.)

Rhode Island. A. E. Stene (June 9): A leaf miner, probably R. piceaella
Kearf., has been found for the first ti-.o in the State on Colorado
1blue spruce.

SPRUCE GALL APHID (Chermos abietis L.)

New York. R. E. Horsey (June l14): Galls conspicuous on a couple of small
white spruces in an ornamental planting at Rochester.

Michigan. R. Hutson (Jmuno 22): Found on Norway spruce at Luclin-ton, on
the Lower Peninsula.


5PRUCE MITE (Paratotranychus uniunguis Jacobi)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June 22): Found in its usual abundance in
tho State. Specimens received from Derby, Manchester, and Meriden,
some of them showing twigs severely damaged.



Michir-an. R. Hutson (June 22): Larvae are very common about Saginaw,
Flint, and Lansing, in southern Michigan.

Iowa. H. E. Jaquos (June 23): Caterpillars are again defoliating
willows and Chinese elms.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Larvae found defoliating branches of
American elm at Lincoln on May 30. Other specimens were sent in
from Washington County on June 8 and from Hrmilton County on June 11.

A LEAF BEETLE (Chrysomela lapponica L.)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 20): These beetles and their larvae have been
attacking and defoliating many willow trees in ornamental plantings
throughout the State. Complaints are general and have been received
since I.ay 8.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 13): Larvae were defoliating ornamental
willows at Decatur and Waterloo, in northern Indiana, the last of
May and the first of June.

COTTONWOOD LEAF BEETLE (Chrysomela scripta F.)

Texas. F. W. Mally (June 17): Seriously injured willows in ornamental
plantings in San Antonio.

Idaho. J. R. Douglass and W. E. Peay (June 28): The beetles have nearly
defoliated the young twirs of several cottonwood trees at Buhl, in
south-central Idaho.

POPLAR AIM WILLOW BORER (Cryptorhynchus lapathi L.)

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): Found to be doing serious damage on
ornamental plantings at Detroit.

ELM SAWFLY (Cimbex americana Leach)

Wisconsin. C. L. Fluke (June 21): Adults are very numerous in western
Wisconsin in Eau Claire, Clark, Chippewa, and Monroe Counties and
in the southeastern part of the State at Green Lake.


Iowa. H. E. Jaqucs (June 23): Adults are out in extraordinary abundance
in Dickinson County, northwestern Iowa.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 1): The larvae are quite common this year.
The post is reported as quite abundant at Coffoyville and some
individuals have booeen taken at Manhattan, Humboldt, and Winfield.



FOUR-LINEDI PLANT BUG (Poecilocapsus lineatus F.)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (Juno 15): These plant bugs have boon attacking chry-
santhemum leaves at Columbus and have been sent in from several
localities as forking on chrysanthemumaead.- Call

OYSTERSHELL SCALE (Lepidosaphes ulmi L.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 22): Eggs began hatching at Montpelier, in
central Vermont, between May 31 and June 3.

Michigan. E. I. McDaniel (June 17): Eggs are hatching and the young are
establishing themselves on twigs and branches of maple and lilac
at East Lansing.

Kentucky. 1. L. Didlake (May 30): Abundant on apples at Hallie, in
southeastern Kentucky.


AZALEA LEAF MINER (Gracilaria azaleolla Brants)

Maryland. E. N. Cory (Juno 22): Found on outdoor azaleas in Baltimore.


BOXWOOD PSYLLID (Psyllia buxi L.)

Maryland. E, N. Cory (June 22): Found on boxwood in Charles County,
southern Maryland.


CHRYSANTHEIJ&M GALL MIDGE (Diarthronomyia hypogaoa Loew)

Kentucky. M. L. Didlako (May 26): Reported as injurious at Independence,
Kenton County, in north-central Kentucky.


WESTERN TUSSOCK MOTH (HemorocamEa vetusta Bdv.)

California. E. 0. Essig (Juno): Very abundant in parts of Berkeley
in June and has completely defoliated portions of hedges of Chinese
hawthorn (Pyracantha cronulata).


GLADIOLUS THRIPS (Taeniothrips sinplex Morison)

North Carolina. C. S. Brimley (July 2): Worst case on gladiolus for
years in my garden at Raleigh-, and many other reports of thrips on


A DIPTEROUS GALL (Eurosta. solidaginis Fitch)

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 22): Reported from lonia, in southern Michigan.


A LEAF BEETLE (Calligrapha signoidea Lec.)

W7ashinrton. E. J. Newconomer (June 1S): Reported as being common on garden
hollyhocks at Yakima and Pullman.


A WEEVIL (Mononychus vulpoculus F.)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June 22): Adults damage iris plants by
eating into the buds. Specimens received from Roxbury, Thotpsonville,
and Woodbridge, in western Connecticut.

Michigan. E. I. McDaniel (June 7): Specimens received from Lakeview on
June 6; also on wild iris from the vicinity of East Lansing, both
in south-central Michigan.


JUNIPER SCALE (Diaspis carueli Targ.-Tozz.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 15): Young are hatching; at least 50
percent hatched, in the southeastern part of the State.

South Carolina. J. A. Borly (June 22): Reported in a moderate infestation
on juniper at Greenville, in the northwestern part of the State.



LILAC BORER (Podosesia syringae Harr.)

New York. R. E. Horsey (June 15): A number found in lilac at Rochester
on June 15. This is a troublesome pest here.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 25): Reported in privet hedge and lilac in
Hampton, Franklin County; Ames, Story County; and Des Moines, Polk
County; all in central Iowa.


A BOSTRICHID (Polycaon confortus Lee.)

California. E. 0. Essig (June 27): Boring into the terminal buds and
preventing new growth and flowers for the coming season at Berkeley.

RHODODENDRON LACE BUG (Staphanitis rhododendri Horv.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 25): Large numbers of adults and
immature individuals present in the Philadelphia area.

AZALEA SCALE (Eriococcus azalea Comst.)

Ohio. J. S. Houser (June 9): Infestation on rhododendron at Youngstown,
in northeastern Ohio, of sufficient intensity to require treatment.
Eggs have been deposited in abundance by some females. A few
eggs have hatched.


ROSE CURCULIO (Rhynchites bicolor F.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 9): Adults very abundant in rose gardens.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June): Especially abundant over the State
and has done considerable damage to roses.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): An inquiry as to the control of the
rose curculio from Holt County, in northern Nebra3ka, on .,y 23.

A HIEfINOPTROUJS GALL (Rhodites nebidosus Bass.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swonk (Juno 22): Specimens of calls on rose leaves
received from G-ge County, in southeastern ....braska, on May 24.

ROSE LEAF BEETLE (Nodonota puncticollis Say)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 8): Very abundant on apple and cherry
trees and on rose bushes.


Delaware. E. P. Felt (June 21): Reported as abundant on rosos near

A 1Al MULE lot-Aclavi6 7orwt.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 24): Sent in from Lake Wales, central
Florida, where it was said to be quite injurious to roses.

A IA'HOPPER, (Oncometopia Ndata T.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 24): Doing considerable injury to roses
in Alachua County, north-central Florida.

ROSE SAWFLY (Caliroa aethiops F.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Specimens of rose leaves, showing
attack by the European rose slug, received from Nance County, in
cast-central iNebraska, on June 17.

GRASS THRIPS (Anaphothrips obscurus Mull.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 9): Grass thrips is seriously
damaging roses.


Missouri. A. F. Satterthwait (June 24): An experimental plot of sun-
flowers planted near East Prairie, in extreme southeastern Missouri,
showed about 100 percent of plants infested on Mvay 9 and probably
over 25 percent with terminal buds destroyed by larvae of a moth,
Eucosoma helianthana Riley. Ligyrus gibbosus Dog. destroyed and ise
Infesting about 4 percent of the plants, the adults attacking the
roots. A beetle, Cylindrocopterus adspersus Lee., was numerous in
the plot, as were adults of Rhodobaenus tredecimpunctatus Ill.
About 1 percent of the plants in the plot were broken off by
Oecanthus nigricornis quadripunctatus Bout.


BLACK VINE WEEVIL (Brachyrhinus sulcatus F.)

New Hampshire. E. P. Felt (Juhe 21): The insect was found injuring
Taxus at Dublin, in southwestern New Hampshire.

Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (June 21): Was found on Taxus at Lincoln,
in the eastern part of the State.

New York. E. P. Felt (June 21): Was found injuring Taxus at White
Plains, in Westchester County.





MOSQUITOES (Culicinae)

New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland. G. H. Bradley (June 20): A period of
high tides and heavy rains during the last few days of May in the
coastal areas of these States caused considerable breeding of mos-
quitoes in the salt marshes. Adult mosquitoes, Aedes cantator (Coq.)
and principally A. sollicitans (Walk.), emerged during the first week
in June and invaded the coastal towns in numbers sufficient to
cause annoyance.

Iowa, C. J. Drake (June 25): Very abundant and many complaints being
received from all parts of the State. Heavy rains have provided an
abundance of brooding places.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (Juno 21): Abundant over a wide area.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (Juno 25): More abundant than last year.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 16): A. dorsalis Mcig. is extremely abundant
and annoying in the me,.dows west and northwest of Ephraim and at
Farr West, in central Utah.

CHIGGER (Trombicula irritans Riley)

South Carolina. 0. L. Cartwright (June): Causing complaints in many
parts of the State.

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (Juno 20): Reported as abundant in the Pewee
Valley, in north-central Kentucky, on June 20.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (Juno 25): Considerably more abundant than last year.

TROPICAL FOWL MITE (Liponyssus bursa Borlcse)

California. D. B. Mackio (June 21): Found in Sacraacnto on Juno 17,
apparently spreading from a sparrow's nest in a vine into a house
and causing considerable annoyance to the o.-rcrs. This is tho
first record for California.


.S2MIVOEM (Cochliomyia americana C. & P.)

Georgia. A. L. Brody (June l1): A case reported from l- miles v.'cst of

Quitman on June 12, of an infestation in a horse. Specimens received
from Quitman, Valdosta, and Lake Park, all in south-central Georgia.
In the vicinity of Valdosta two specimens wore found in the trap
collection for the week ended Juno 13. (June 25): Two egg masses
were deposited on artificially wounded animals at the experimental
farm during the last week. A navel infestation in a calf reported
from Quitman on June 19, in addition to a case in a hog during the
week of June 13. One specimen was found in the status-trap catch at
Quitman for the week ended June 22.

Florida. A. L. Brody (June 18): Reported from Arcadia, De Soto County,
on Juno 11, from a herd of approximately 3,500 animals, that 395
cases had been treated since March 1, mainly in baby calves, and
that scrcwworms are still abundant. On Juno 15 received larvae from
Jasper, Hamilton County, removed from an infestation in a calf. Re-
ported from Ponney Farms, Clay County, that on June 2 all calves had
worms. A few navel cases reported from 6 miles south of Madison, and
a case in the shoulder of a dog reported on about May 1. Specimens
received from Madison, Highland, and Hendry Counties, Jasperfd
Penney Farms. (June 22): A specimen found in the status-trap
collection at Lee, Madison County, for the week ended June 22.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (May 25): One infestation found near Arlington
and another near Millinton, in Shelby County. (Juno 18): An
infestation found at Covington, Tipton County, near Charleston.

HORN FLY (Hacmatobia irritans L.)

Georgia. A. L. Brody (June 18): The average infestation per animal at
Valdosta is still from about 100 to 200.

Florida. A. L. Brody (June 19): The average number of horn flies in a
herd of about 600 animals at LaBelle, Hendry County, in southern
Florida, was from about 500 to 1,000 on June 6. Considerable injury
was evident on many of these animals. At Brooksville, Hernando
County, in west-central Florida, a bull was covered with about 5,000
horn flies but the other animals in the herd were not so heavily

Missouri. L. Hasemran (June 24): Horn flies have been on the increase
throughout the month.

Texas. B. W. Laake (June 20): A 25-percent decrease in population has
been noted during the last month at Cresson, southwest of Dallas.
Previous estimated infestations of 4,000 flies per head have been
reduced to approximately 3,000 flies per head. In the vicinity of
Dallas the population has been reduced approximately 50 percent,
showing an average infestation of 500 flies per head on &4 dairy
cows. : ,


STABLEFLY (Stomoxys calcitrans L.)

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Stableflies have been on the increase
throughout the month.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 22): Sufficiently annoying in Dodge County,
in east-central Nebraska, to *liclt ia lnquiryaa to control o "
June 10.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 27): Unusually abundant on cattle, both in
pastures and around lots.

Texas. Z. W. Laake (June 20): Not troublesome in the vicinity of Dallas
until June 17, following a heavy rain. Present infestation on calves
at laboratory, 25 per head; on cattle at 2 nearby dairies, 10 por
head. Reported from Oresson as being so numerous as to make it
uncomfortable to sit on the porch in the evening.

TICKS (Amblyomma spp.)

Georgia. A. L. Brody (June IS): The Gulf coast tick (A. maculatum Koch)
has boon increasing rapidly at Valdosta during the last week.

Florida. A. L. Brody (June 18): Specimens of the lone star tick (A.
americanum L.) collected from cattle at Penney Farms on June 2.
Texas. E. W. Laako (June 20): One infestation of lone star tick reported
since Juno 1.

SHORT-NOSED CATTLE LOUSE (Haomatopinus eurysternus Nitz.)

Texas. 0. G. Babcock (June): All stages of development on isolated cows,
a rather heavy infestation, in northwestern Texas.


HORSEFLIES (Tabanidae)

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Since Juno 15 the common, medium-sized,
brown horsefly has been abundant and quite annoying, particularly
just about sundown. Greenhoad tabanids began appearing at Columbia
the last of May and the first of Juno, reached a peak of abundance
about June 15, and are now definitely on tho decline.

Texas. E. W. Laakc (June 20): Horseflies frequently observed during June.
Six Tabanus atratus F. end T. linoola F., or closely related species,
were caught by hand on four head of cattle and around the insectary
at the laboratory on Juno 17. Twenty-eight horseflies, probably T.
linoola, were caught in 1 week in a cattle fly trap located 15
miles north of Dallas.


BOTFLIES (Gastrophilus spp.)

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 25): A species of botfly was received from
Northwood, Worth County, in north-central Iowa, and was reported as
annoying to horses.

S. W. Simmons (June 18): The earliest eggs of G. nasalis (L.)
were found on horses at Ames on June 13, which is later than usual.
From 100 to 200 eggs are collected daily from 18 horses.

Missouri. 'L. Hasoman (Juno 24): The throat bot was observed ovipositing
for the first time this summer on June 24 at Columbia.

Nebraska. H. 0. Schroedor at Fort Robinho, Dawes Couty, in northwestern Nebraska, on Juno 4.
Larvae of this species began to issue from the horses at Fort Robin-
son on about May 15, and wore observed in groatct numbers on' about
May 21. G. nasalis was active on Juno 4. Eggs of G. intestinalis Dog.
wore found on horses at Page, Holt County, on June 14, a.week or
two earlier than oviposition has boon noted in central Iowa and
central Illinois.

Texas. E. W. Laake (June 20): Horse bots, probably G. intestinalis,
wore active near Fort Worth during the week ended June 18.


AMERICAN DOG TICK (Dormacentor variabilis Say)

Georgia. A. L. Brody (June 18): This tick has been the cause of two
cases of paralysis in Valdosta. Reports of tick paralysis have boon
numerous from other sections of the Southeast.

Florida. A. L. Brody (June 18): Four dogs wore reported from Highland
County as suffering from tick paralysis and it was .stated that all
recovered after the ticks were removed. Another dog recovering upon
the removal of the ticks was reported from the Chinsegut Hill
Sanctuary Experiment Station, Hernando County.



LEAD CABLE BORER (Scobicia doclivis Loc.)

California. E. 0. Essig (Juno): Unusually abundant in parts of central
and northern California this spring and has boon damaging hardwood
house finishings and wino tanks.

DRIED FRUIT BEETLE (Carpophilus hemipterus L.)

California. D. F. Barnes (May 31): Dried fruit beetle traps operated
in the vicinity of Fresno from February 26 to May 19 indicated that
the overwintering and spring population was less than half the
S-year average but about throe times that of 1937.


Washington. M. H. Hatch (May 29): Blatta orientalis L. taken in an
apartment house at Kent, in west-central Washington. Not previously
recorded from this State. Poriplaneta amnericana (L.) was taken in
a restaurant at Seattle, also not previously recorded from the State.


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