The Insect pest survey bulletin


Material Information

The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]


Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:

Full Text



.Vol. 14 April 1, 1934 No. 2


During the month reports of grasshoppers emerging were received
from several places in the Northwest. These refer to the noneconomic
species which passed the winter as nymphs. The economic species, so
far as our records show, have not yet started to emerge in the North-
west, although they were reported as emerging in large numbers late
in the month in the Salt River Valley of Arizona. The winter through-
out the Northwest has been especially mild and dry and there is .every
indication that the grasshoppers have overwintered in large numbers.
Severe winds in South Dakota have so badly blown the soil in some
areas that eggs are exposed or buried so deep that there is but little
chance of their hatching. However, despite these conditions there
appear to be plenty of eggs to cause a very serious infestation.

Mormon cricket outbreaks are expected on the Fort Hall Indian
Reservation and near Idaho Falls in Idaho, and on the Crow Indian
Reservation in Montana. A second infestation in Montana occurs west
of the Crow Reservation and extends into the State of Wyoming.

Over much of the territory infested by the Japanese beetle heavy
snows in the period of extremely low temperatures during the past
winter kept the soil temperature well above the lethal point for this
insect and no unusual winter mortality is expected.

Up to the middle of January the chinch bug had suffered only 5
percent mortality in Indiana. By the end of March 3 percent winter
mortality was recorded from Missouri, with similar low mortality re-
ported from Kansas, Nebraska, and Iowa. The severe weather that pre-
vailed during the last few days of the month, however, may have a
decided effect upon the chinch bug populations in parts of the infested

Reports from Indiana and Tennessee indicate that the hessian fly
has passed the winter very successfully in that section, having
suffered but 4 percent winter mortality, while reports from Kansas
indicate that approximately 7 percent died during the winter months.
ji A' .,

35 -

UthA(. W OIL

- 36 -

Examinations made in New Jersey indicate that the corn ear worm was
unable to withstand the severe winter temperatures. In Missouri, however,
some pupae have beun found that passed the winter successfully.

The March cold spell in Missouri, when temperatures reached 14 below
zero, resulted in the death of about 30 percent of the codling moth larvae
that were above the snow line. Heavy mortality was reported from the New
England and Middle Atlantic States. From Kansas to the Pacific Northwest
winter mortality has been negligible. In Kansas a few pupae were found
durin.r the first part of February and in the Pacific Northwest pupation was
well under way during the second and third weeks of March. Reports from
Washin-ton and California indicate that along the Pacific Coast codling moth
development is some 10 days to 3 wee's earlier than usual. On March 13 a
moth was collected in the field in Sacramento County, California, and by
the 24th the adults were out in considerable numbers.

The San Jose vcale appears to have suffered severe winter mortality in
the New England and the Middle Atlantic States. Similar severe winter
mortality is reported from Missouri. Observations made in Massachusetts
indicate that -300 F. resulted in killing 89 percent, -22 F. in killing 75
percent, and -18o F. in killing 70 percent of the scales above the snow line.

The first plium curculio collected this season at Fort Valley, Ga., was
found on March 21, indicating the probability of two broods in this section.

Grape leafhopper populations are very heavy in the San Joaquin and
Imperial Valleys of California, and present indications are that infestations
will be severe.

A small infestation of the vegetable weevil was found in Sacramento
County, Calif., this spring. This is said to be the first positive record
for this insect in the Sacramento Valley.

The Mexican bean beetle suffered heavy mortality in open fields in New
Jersey. This does not, however, preclude the possibility that this insect
successfully wintered over in the wooded areas. Adults that had success-
fully passed the winter were collected late in March in West Virginia.

The harlequin bug suffered complete mortality in open fields in New
Jersey. No reports on this insect from other northern States have been
The cotton leaf worm produced successive generations throughout the
winter in Haiti, the last two pupal periods comin< the latter part of January
and the latter part of February. Observations that will be made in Florida on
the first appearance of the moths this year may possibly be associated with
the observations being made in Port-au-Prince.
Possibly owir.- to the very mild winter in the West, the fall and spring
canker worms produced adults during the early part of January. The infesta-
tion in KE,.nsas is the heaviest in man'y ye:irs.
The European pine shoot moth suffered henvy winter mortality, as high
as 99 percent mortality having been recorded fror points in Mnssac 'usetts
and 80 to 90 percent in Connecticut.

- 37 -



North Dakota. J. A. Munro (March 19): Numerous specimens of noneconomic forms
of grasshoppers have been received from farmers in western counties during
the past winter. Conditions to date appear to have been ideal for the
overwintering eggs of the economic species.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (March): In South Dakota we have had much wind
and blowing of soil. In some areas the soil has blown to such an extent
as to expose many grasshopper eggs, which have dried out and died. Along
fences the soil has sometimes accumulated and buried the eggs from a few
inches to 2 feet or more. However, there are plenty of eggs that are pass-
ing the winter successfully. The winter has been exceptionally mild and

Iowa. H. E. Jaques (March 24): Some nymphs are showing up. (These are
probably noneconomic species. J. A. H.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (March 19): Grasshoppers are moderately to very abundant
in northeastern, northern, and western Nebraska. From Chase County comes
the report that in the Frenchman Valley grasshoppers have lived over the
winter, and that during the second week in March they were eating around
the edges of the wheat for a depth up to 25 feet. This probably refers to
Chortophaga viridifasciata DeG., the green-striped grasshopper, or to
species of Arphia or Pardalophora.

Arizona. C. D. Lebert (March 9): Young grasshoppers were reported as being
very numerous on 80 acres of alfalfa east of Gilbert, a short crop of
alfalfa having been badly riddled. (March 21): Melanoplus mexicanus Sauss.
are hatching by the thousands on ditch banks and fence rows in the Mesa-
Chandler area. They are confined almost entirely to Bermuda grass along
fence rows and ditch banks at present. Control measures are being practiced
in this area.

Wyoming. 0. L, Corkins (March 20): Grasshoppers have wintered normally and
are very abundant.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (March 21): No grasshoppers have been observed as yet.

MORM1ON CRICKET (Anabrus simplex Hald.)

United States. Division of Cereal and Forage Insects (March 2): In Idaho, aa
outbreak of this pest has been in progress on the Fort Hall Indian
Reservation at Blackfoot for the past two years. The Bureau of Entomology,
the Idaho State authorities, and the Indian Service have succeeded thus far
in keeping this outbreak under control but it again threatens to be a
serious problem in the spring of 1934. Another outbreak is forming near
Idaho Falls and St. Anthony, Idaho. In Montana a serious condition due
to this insect pest has appeared on the Crow Indian Reservation near the
Pryor Mountains where the insects are beginning to invade privately owned
lands. A survey made by State authorities in the summer of 1933 showed
that 120,000 acres of land on the Crow Reservation was infested with the

58 -

Mormon cricket and that about 15 square miles was infested in the Dryhead
area west of the reservation near the Wyoming boundary. The insect is
reported to be present in large numbers in the latter State in territory
contiguous with the infestation in Montana previously mentioned.

S ARIY CUIWOPR,: (Chorizagrotis auxiliaris Grote)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (March 20): The army cutworm is moderately abundant in
wheat and alfalfa fields. At Manhattan the larvae are more plentiful in
the old alfalfa fields than in new fields. Some damage to wheat has been
reported from Winfield, Cowley County, and in the vicinity of Hutchinson,
Reno County.

Wyomin;. C. L. Corkins (March 20): C. .a2ixiliaris is moderately abundant but
not active in Hot Springs County.

ALFALFA W-EWORM (Loxostege commixtalis Walk.)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (March 20): Many overwintering larvae in tubes were
sent in from Hoxe, Overwintering tubes were said to be very numerous
in fields where piFweeds were present. There have been heavy flights of
moths during the last few years.

WIRAZ7ORI.S (Elateridae)

New Jersey. R. C. Burdette (March): A few wireworms are appearing in plant
beds in northern New Jersey.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (M14arch 27): Wireworms are reported as abundant in some
muck fields of northern Indiana.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (March 20): Wireworms are very abundant at Nixon, Gonzales
County. A correspondent states that he has planted corn the third time and
that wireworms have destroyed practically all plantings.

California. E. 0. Essig (March 22): Wireworms are moderately abundant in the
Delta Region.
A. E. Michelbacher (March 21): Limr-onius canus Lec. was moderately abundant
at Courtland, Sacramento County.
M. L. Jones (March 16): Tulare County reports wireworms as causing slight
damage to 50 acres of truck crops and melons during February.
F. H. 77ymore (March 21): Wireworms are moderately abundant at Davis, Yolo
County, attacking tomato plants in cold-frame beds.

JAPA2TZSE BEEZLE (Popillia .n-.nica ".

New Jersey. J-,nc.nese B-.tle Laboratory (Dur. 1::t.) (March 2): Although the air
temperature for the month in New Jersey reached as low as -13o F., the soil
te-peratures recorded at the Moorestovwn laboratory did not go below 220 F.
Th- larvae of the Japanese 'eetle does not withstand temperatures much
below 15 F. This cold wave has been accompanied by snow, which has so
protected the .-rouind that the te"', cratiure-s apparently have not reached a
point where they would kill many larvae.

.. I

- 39 -

KOO-TSABE (Ephydra hians Say)

Nevada. G. G. Schweis (February 23): Winnemucca Lake is a body of water
approximately 25 miles long and from 6 to 10 miles wide. It formerly
was a fresh water lake but of late years the streams that fed it have
been diverted for irrigation purposes Lnd the lake is now very saline.
Fish formerly abounded there in great numbers but the lake is now devoid
of all fish life so far as I know. Great quantities of seaweed abound in
this lake and this weed is apparently the breeding place for the insects
we are sending you. These flies are so numerous that during the warm
part of the day, as they fly along the shore, you would think a snowstorm
was in progress if the flies were not black. As soon as the sun dips
behind the horizon the insects all fly in a certain direction and by night-
fall they are clustered in great heaps in depressions or under bushes,
where they apparently seek some protection from the chill night air. The
larval form apparently is of some value as duck food, as ducks that I
have killed there have had their gullets practically filled with small
maggots. Ducks occur there in great numbers. (Det. J. M. Aldrich.)

COMi.'DIT RED SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (March 26): Examination of strawberry fields in
Princess Anne County have shown that some of the fields are infested.

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas, Monthly Letter, Bur. Ent. NTo. 237 (February):
"On January 30 the temperature at Chadbourn dropped from normal spring
weather levels to 8 F. with a maximum temperature during the day of 260 F.,
followed by another drop on the morning of January 31 to 5-o F., which
apparently is a low record for the section. Following this low temperature,
strawberry leaves infested by the red spider were collected and brought to
the laboratory for examination. These examinations revealed that practically
all adults and nymphs had been killed, but the eggs were apparently not
affected. These were hatching freely within 3 days. The red spider has
been particularly abundant on strawberries during the past year (1933).
This condition has been greatly aggravated by the long-continued drought
which lowered the vitality of the plants."

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants.(M4arch): Red spiders were found to be
moderately abundant on azalea leaves at Pecan, Jackson County, on March 5.
They are generally distributed in strawberry fields in Lauderdale and
Jackson Counties.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (March 15): The red spider is abundant on strawberry
plants in Galveston County, according to J. N. Roney. About 50 percent of
the plantings are infested and control are being practiced.

California. M. L. Jones (March 16): Santa Clara County reported the red
spider as causing slight damage on violets and sweet peas during January
and February.




CHII73H BUG (Blissus leucorter, Say}-)

Indiana. P. Luginbill and W. B. Noble, Monthly Letter Bur. Ent., No. 237
(February): Hibernating chinch bugs evidently suffered very little
mortality in the vicinity of Lafayette up to January 19. Of 465 bugs in
bunches of corn husks taken from the field on that date, only 5 percent
were dead. Up to that time the weather was very mild, the lowest temperature
recorded at Lafayette 'raving been -29 F., with very little snow and
precipitation considerably below normal.

Illinois. W. p. Flint (.MIaich 20): Chinch bugs show only about a 3 percent
winter mortality in recent counts at Urbana. It is estimated that there
are at least five times as many b- s in hibernation as there were a year
.ago on the same date.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (March 26): Winter mortality has been extremely low; in
counts we found that considerably less than 1 percent of the b->s perished
during the winter months.

Missouri. L. Haseman (March 21): The chinch bug situation continues serious.
Late February burning in some, cases ave? 50 percent kill but since burning
severe weather has killed over 15 percent in burned as well as unburned

Nebraska. li. H. Swenk (March 19): The chinch bug is very abundant in south-
eastern !T-bracka.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (March 20): Chinch bugs were more numerous in hibernation
this winter at Mlanhattan than they have been for five or six years. This
is generally true for central and southeastern Kansas.,- to the mild,
dry winter very little mortality resulted this year. Adults were taken on
Kentucky bluegrass plots, March 15.

.2SSIAU FLY (Phytopha.a destructor Say)

Indiana and Tennessee. :':nthly Letter Bur. Ent., No. 237 (February): Practi-
cally all the hessian fly were in puparia and dormant at Lafayette, Ind.,
in January. At Fayetteville, Tenn., however, the mild weather and ample
rainfall during January actually caused a little pupation. Curtis Benton
found 2 live pupae in 100 puparia dissected on January 26. His dissections
of puparia late in January showed about 4 percent mortality.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (March 19): Hessian flies are moderately abundant in
south-central and southeastern Nebrasla.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (March 23): Hessian flies are scarce at Marnhaittan and
normal in abundance in the central part of the State. A report from Havana,
Mont.-om03ry County, indicates that the fly is moderately abundant in the
southeastern part of the State.
J. R. Horton, Monthly Letter Bur. Ent., No. 237 (February): Dissections

- 41 -

of over 300 puparia of the fall generation during December and January
indicate that approximately 93 percent of the larvae are viable and that
over 55 percent have reversed their position in the puparia.

A CRAITE FLY (Tipulidae)

California. A. E. :lichelbacher (March 21): On the 28th of February serious
injury to a grain planting by tipulid larvae was observed near Niles. The
stand was destroyed over a rather extensive area.

TOBACCO THRIPS (Frankliniella fusca Hinds)

Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): Moderately abundant on rye during the latter
part of February and March.


CORN EAR WORM (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)

New Jersey. T. J. Headlee, R. C. Burdette, and B. F. Driggers (March): Diggings
made for pupae in southern New Jersey showed all of them to be killed by
the cold weather.

Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): The corn ear worm is scarce.

Missouri. L. Haseman (March 21): Recent diggings show that some pupae have
survived the winter.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (March 20): The first eggs were found by Dr. R. K. Fletcher
in alfalfa in Burleson County today.


ALFALFA WEEVIL (Hypera postica Gyll.)

California. E. 0. Essig (March 22): Alfalfa weevils are moderately abundant
throughout infested areas.
A. E. Michelbacher (March 21): The alfalfa weevil situation is as follows:
In the Tracy area the weevil can be found in all fields. On March 20 the
highest population was encountered at Vernalis. There an average of 1,198
larvae were collected to the 100 sweeps. In the field examined some damage
was noticeable, although not of a serious nature. In all other fields
examined the average number of larvae taken per 100 sweeps ranged from
2 to 200, in which fields no damage is apparent. In the Pleasanton district
average larval counts of from 67 to 516 were taken on March 15. Up to
that time no injury was apparent, and every indication was that the alfalfa
for the most part would reach maturity before much injury occurred. It is
the young vigorously growing fields in which the larval counts remain very
low. In the country about Niles the highest larval counts have been taken.
In one field an average count of 2,020 was taken to the 100 sweeps on March
14, and in other'fields on the same date average counts of as high as 575
were taken. One field was swept today and an average count of 754 larvae
was collected. The average taken from this field on the 14th was 552. In
this district some injury is noticeable, but this is not true of all fields.

- 42 -

PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (March 20): Pea aphids are more plentiful than usual.
They are more abundant on fall-sown alfalfa than on the old stands. Winged
forms were found in the fields as early as February 15. They are reproducing
rapidly at present and if the cold, dry weather continues, an outbreak is
likely to occur. Unlike other years, the infestations do not occur in
spots, but they are generally distributed over the entire field.

California. A. E. Michelbacher (March 21): The pea aphis on alfalfa is not so
serious this year as it was last.


SUGARCANE BORER (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)

Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (March 26): Winter mortality of the sugarcane borer
appears to be usn.sually low. Possibly this is due to the fact that the
winter has been t.nusually cool through February and March, with less
fluctuation betie en maximin and minimuL. Minimum temperatures have 'not
gone below 25 i in the real cane belt. Pupation of hibernating larvae
often occurs during February, but this year the first pupae were found
during the last week of March at LaPlace.



COL.iG :.MOTH (Carpocapsa pomonella L.)

Vvrmont. H. L. Bailey (March 28): The codling moth is moderately a'buindant;
some larvae have been reported dead from winter killing .

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (March 28): such observations as it has been
possible to make at Amherst we anticipate a considerable mortality of the
codling moth.

New York. P. J. Parrott (March): Many hibernating larvae have been killed by
low temperatures in sor-ie sections of western New York.

New Jercv.-,. T. J. Headllee, -%. C. Burdette, and B. F. Dri,--ers' (March): The
coiling moth is moderately abundant.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (March 23): T, ,:s been a 40-50 percent mortality of
overwinterin- larvae. No pupation yet.

Georgia. C. H. Alden (March 19): There as been no pupation no-,id at Cornelia.

Missouri. L. Baseman (March 21): At Columbia the recent -14 F. temperature
has apwarently killed about 30 percent of larvae exposed above the snow line.

K arsc,. H. R. Bi-:.son ("i'rch 20): Ti-h codling moth wintered over in -reater
numb, rs than it has been known to do previously in northrcatern Kansas. The

- 43 -

mortality during the winter has been negligible. Overwintering larvae are
abundant over the State. Some pupae were taken at Manhattan the first part
of February.

Idaho. R. W. Haegele (March 20): Codling moths are very abundant in southwestern
Idaho. Larvae were pupating in abuindance during the week of March 12 19.

Washington. E. J. Newcomer (March 14): The season is the earliest recorded in
the last 20 years for the codling moth, being a week or 10 days earlier
than the very early season of 1926. The winter has been extremely mild,
the lowest temperature recorded having been 21 F. on November 29. This,
together with a very large worm population in neglected orchards, is going
to make control very difficult this year. The calyx spray will probably
start about April 10, a month earlier than in 1933.

California. S. Lockwood (March 24): On March 13 an adult was found in a pear
orchard in Sacrenento County. This is the earliest date that adults have
been caught tha. I know of. Reports from other areas indicate that the
moth is out in _-nr.siderable numbers. This is about two to three weeks
earlier than usu;il.

EASTERN iTET CATIERPILLAR (Malacosoma americana Fab.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (March 28): The eastern tent caterpillar is moderately
abundant. Winter killing is apparent in egg masses collected at Montpelier.

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (March 28): At Amherst eggs from orchards where
temperatures ranged from -20 to -30 F. are hatching apparently normally,.

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (March 23): Egg clusters on twigs are moderately

West Virginia. L. M. Peairs (March 24): EgF masses are numerous at Morgantown.

Arkansas. W. J. Baerg. (.March 21): Young caterpillars began emerging from
ege-shells on March 20 at Fayetteville. On the 21st about 80 percent had
emerged. Egg masses are very abundant this year.

FRUIT TR-E' LEAF ROLLER (Cacoecia argyrospila Walk.)

California. E. 0. Essig (M-.rch 22): Fruit tree leaf rollers are moderately
abundant; they are just appearing in middle California.
M. L. Jones (March 21): rmit tree leaf rollers are moderately abundant
working in the base of young apricot fruits at Vacaville, Solano County.
F. H. W7ymore (March 21): Fruit tree leaf rollers are moderately abundant
in Solano and Sonoma Counties. Although common in many orchards, little
damage has resulted from their feeding.

APHIDS (Aphiidae)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (March 28): Fruit aphids, (Aphis pomi DeG.) are scarce.

Massachusetts.'A. I. Bourne (.,arch 28): No actual counts have been made on
plant lice at Amherst but we have found a slight amount of hatching and

- 44-

a very large percentage of shriveled eggs. This is also confirmed by
reports which we have received from Connecticut.

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (March 23): Fruit aphid e--;s are scarce on twigs.

New York. P. J. Parrott (March): Grain aphid (.Rhopalosi-phum prunifoliae Fitch)
and green aphid (A. poti) eggs survived the winter fairly well and are
moderately abundant.

New Jersey. T. J. Headlee, R. C. Burdette, and D. F. Driggers (March): Apple
aphids (A. pomi) are moderately abundant.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (March 23): Fruit aphid eggs are moderately abundant
over the State.

West Virginia. L. M. Peairs (March 24): Fruit aphid eggs are moderately
abundant at Morgantown.

Georgia. C. H. Alden (March 19): Fruit aphid eggs are moderately abundant on
trees at Cornelia.

Missouri. L. Haseman (March 21): Aphid e-.:s are less abundant than usual.

Mississippi. J. P. Kislanko (March 20): A. pomi is scarce at Hattiesburg.
Stem mothers were observed on quince.

Oregon. D. C. Mote (March 24): Fruit aphids are out in great numbers more
numerous than normally in the Willamette Valley.

California. E. 0. Essig (March 22): The green apple aphid, A. pomi, was
present in apterous form all winter on Cotoneaster in the San Francisco
Bay region. It is now abundant in manny places.


New York. P. J. Parrott (March): Apple leafhopper. eggs on wood brought into
the greenhouse are hatchin-.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (March 20): A red and white leafhopper, Erythroneura sp.,
hibernated in large numbers in apple orchards at Troy.

SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Cornst.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (March 28): There were very few living insects on bark
received from a survey in the vicinity of Brattleboro, Windham County. The
scale is found in only two or three localities in Vermont including the
one mentioned.

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (March 28): Professor Whitcomb of Waltham made
extensive counts on San Jose scale from orcharls which had been subjected
to varyir.- degrees of temperature, with the following results: Orchards
with -:iiinm recorded te-.perature of-30 F., 89.3 percent of the scale was
dead; -22 F., 75 percent dcad; and -18 F., 70.1 percent idLad.

- 45 -

Co:o:;.ctic't. W. E. Britton (March 23): The San Jose scale is scarce; there
has been heavy winter mortality.

New York. P. J. Parrott (March): From 90 to 99 percent were killed by winter.
R. E. Horsey (March 25): The San Jose scale has not been very common at
Rochester and has been easily controlled. It is not considered a serious
pest with us.

South Carolina. W. C. Nettles (March 19): The San Jose scale is moderately
abundant and giving trouble in Oconee County.

Georgia. 0. I. S: ;." (March 17): Low temperatures during the winter have
not killed many San Jose scales at Fort Valley. The average percentage of
live scales on certain peach trees on February 17 was 82.2 and the average
percentage alive on these trees on March 17 was 70.5.

Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): The San Jose scale is moderately abundant.

Illinois. 7. P. Flint (March 20): A survey during the fall of 1933 indicated
that in peach ond apple orchards moderate to severe infestations had
increased from 6 percent in 1932 to 27 percent for 1933. Spring counts
March 19 show 15 to 50 percent of the scale alive.

Iowa. H. 2. Jaques archrh 24): The San Jose scale is moderately abundant.
in southeastern Iowa.

Missouri. L'. Haseman (March 21): Recent counts on pear at Columbia show only
1.5 percent survival of the San Jose scale, with apparently considerable

Mississippi. C. Lyle (March 22): The San Jose scale has been reported from
moderately to very abundant generally. Slight infestations were observed
on spirea and honeysuckle at Greenwood in Leflore County and West in Holmes
County during the pest few weeks. Complaints of the occurrence of this
species on these two plants are rarely received.

Texas. F. L. Th(rna (Mearch 20): The San Jose scale was very abundant at
Ft. Davis, Jeff Davis County, on March 10, on a few apple trees that had
not been properly sprayed.

California. IA. L. Jones (1,'arch 16): Merced County reports the San Jose scale
as causing medi-m; d.mago to deciduous trees generally, and Tulare County
reports the scalc as moderately ab-ndant on 5,000 acres of deciduous and
citrus trees in February.

ROL1TD-HEADED APPLE TR17 0? =1 (Sro-rla candida Fsb.)

South Carolina. W. C. Nettles (March 19): A severe infestation of the round-
headed apple borer was observed in an apple orchard in PicIcens County.

- 46 -

FF.UIT ZRZE LAF FEZTLmL (Syneta albida Lec.)

Oregon. B. G. IT-omnson and S. C. Jones. (March 24): The Syneta beetle is
bei.-nning to appear in apple orchards at Monroe. The first larvae were
found in a prune orchard near Forest Grove on March 14.

WEST=IT APPLE CURCTLIO (Tachroter-llus quadriibbus magnus List)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (March 20): The apple curculio built up its population
last summer and there have been no losses in hibernation.

EUROPFAUT RED MITE (ParatetrancI.n;s nilosus C. & F.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (March 28): Ecs from orchards in Amherst
where the temperatures ranged from -25 to -30 F. apparently were unaffect-

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (March 23): A majority of the eggs have survived
the winter.

California. M. L. Jones (March 16): Santa Clara County reported the
European red mite as causing moderate damage on 25,000 acres of prunes
and cherries during February.


0RI=TTAL FRUIT .:OTH (Graoholitha molesta Busck)

1e? York. P. J. Parrott (March): There has been about 75 percent mortality
in most sections of western ',ew York.

New Jersey. T. J. Headlee, R. C. BurAdtte, and B. F. Dri'gcrs (March): The
oriental fruit moth is scarce.
Delaware. L. A. Stearns (March 23): No ru'-.attion of the oriental fruit
moth, 40-50 percent mortality, March 15.

Georgia. C. H. Alden (March 19): No pupation noted to date at Cornelia.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (March 27): In most sections of the State peach buds
have been co-rletely killed and this -.robably will have a tendency to
check the late brood.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (March 22): Peach twigs s.,owinr injury by larvae
were received during the month from Quitran, Jackson, T-,uTohre;s and
Attala Counties.

- 47 -

PEACH BORMR (Aegeria exitiosa Say)

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (March 20): The peach borer is moderately abundant
at Auburn.

Georgia. 0. Snapp (March 21): Pupation of the spring brood has started
at Fort Valley. As usual, the infestation is heavy in neglected orchards
and those in which there are trees with injured areas.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (March 22): The peach borer is reported as very abund-
ant in parts of the State.

Idaho. R. W. Haex-ele (March 2C*:. The peach tree borer is damaging peaches
in some orchards in Upper P7,,ette Valley. (May be A. opalescens Edw. JAH)

PLUM C-RCUJLI0 (Conotrachelus nenuohar !bst.)

Georgia. 0. I. S'.snop (March 21): The first curculio of the season was
caught at Fo-t 'Talley today by jarring peach trees that had begun to
bloom. As usual the -insect is a-ppoearing from hibernation at the time of
the appearance of the first open peach blossoms, and as a result two
broods of larvae are likely to occur. Emergence from hibernation is ex-
pected to be heavy during the next two weeks provided weather conditions
are favorable.
C. H. Alden (March 19): The plum curculio is hibernating; no beetles
are out to date at Cornelia.

SHOT-HOLE 330117M (Scolytus rugulosus Ratz.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (March 27): There has been a gradual increase apparently
in some sections of the State, and with the severe winter which has
weakened the stone fruit trees I anticipate a heavy outbreak of borers
this spring and sumner.

Mississippi. J. Milton (March 19): A heavy infestation was noticed on a
peach tree in Rankin County near Florence on March 14. This tree had been
weakened by the San Jose scale.

Idaho. R. W. Haegele (March 20): The shot-hole borer is present in prune
trees, weakened by the peach tree borer, in the Upper Payette Valley.

S-'C: :CT -LY ....- o teryX Tac fic a Bks.)

Idaho. R. W. Hae{ele (March 21): The salmon fly was fond seriously
injuring peach orchards in the Piyette Valley. Blossom buds and blossoms
were attacked, practically all blossoms being destroyed on some trees.

GREEN PEAN H APHID (.Mv.s oersicae Sulz.)

Colorado. G. M. List (March 29): The green peach aphid promises to be
somewhat more abundant in Mesa and Delta Counties than it has been for
a number of years. Eggs began hatching the latter part of February and
early in March.

- 48 -


PU.TT.*C' S CA (Asndi ot- ainc-'l'-.,: Ptitn.)

Ncbraska. M. H. S'.7L.i.k (March 15): DurirLg the first week in March a Dodge
County correspondent sent in siccimens of bark of a c.erry tree showing"
a heavy infestation and injury.

PEAR TWRIPS (Taeniothirios in *,'s Uzel.)

Oregon. S. C. Jones (M.arch 24): Prune thrins began emerging during the last
week in February. The peak of emer.-en.-e v'as reached on March 12, rhen
prune buds were in the white tip sta.> in the earlier sections, and
late green tip stage of development in the later sections of the
Willamette Valley. E w:s were observed on March 12 near Corvallis. First-
instar larvae were found in prune orchard near Roseburg on March 21 and
in an orchard near Forest Grove on March 22.

California. F. H. 7T:.-rnore (March 21): Pear thrips are moderately abundant
in prune and rlum orch--rdcs in the coastal areas of Santa Clara, ITapa,
tolano, and Sonoma Counties. a-.Lr.ence of adults beg-an on January 30
and continued until the present, the nek! being reached about March 4.
The first were observed on 'irch 8.
S. Lockwood (March 27): During the week of March 18-24, larvae were
reported as very -orevalent on pears and plums in orchards along the
Sacramento River south of Sacramento.

DESTRUCTIVE PRUITE WORM 0 (reo scitulella Hulst)

Idaho. R. W. Haegele (March 20): Over Nintering larvae started to emerge
during the first week in T.'arch. Infeotations on prune are light to


"-OS SCALE (Aulacas-i s r.a.a- Bouchc)

Ohio. E. W7. Mendenhiall (March 26): The rose scale is abundant in some
ras-berry and blackberry plantings in F.Tirfield County.

California. I,. L. Jones (Ya-ch 16): Kern County reports the rose rcile as
having caused liht damage locally to roses and blackberries during
Febru iry.


GRIP3 L:.L'OFPT'. (Erythroreira ... s Say)

TNebraslka. M. H. S'erT (March 15): A Kear;-:" County correspondent, during
thc first vweed in March, reported the finding of ma.y hibernating speci-
mens of the ra-,e leafho,-r while cl., "i..: out the dLd leaves from
-mnon,- a lilac c.',e near ;here this npest had defoliated his *:"nndbine
last sutimmer.

- 49 -

Arizona. C. D. Lebert (March 12): These leafhoppers are very numerous on
about 5 acres of blackberries adjacent to vineyards in Phoenix where
they were destructive last season.

California. S. Loc--wood (March 24): The grape leafhopper is now found in
great numbers in the San Joaquin and Imperial Valleys. Indications are
that infestations will.-be severe and the losses tremendous unless
methods of fighting this insect are more effective than they have been


P3-HPLE SCALE (Lepidosaphes beckii ITewm.)

Florida. J. R. '74-tson (March 20): The purple scale is moderately abundant

Mississippi. H. Gladney (March 16): The purple scale is moderately abund-
ant on citrus at Ocean S.-Mings.

California. M. L. Jones (March 16): Santa Barbara County reported the
purple scale as abundant on citrus locally during February.

COTT:CIY-CUSHIO:T SCALE (icerya ou.rchasi MY-sk.)

Florida. E. W. Berger and G. B. Merrill (March 20): The cottony cushion
scale is moderately abundant here and there over most of the State. The
principal hosts are citrus and pittosporum. Rodolia cardinalis Muls. is
being supplied by the Entomological Department of the State Plant Board.

Mississippi. J. P. Kislanko (March 20): The cottony-cushion scale is quite
abundant on pecans and pittosporum, killing some pittosporum shrubs at
Hattiesberg. R. ccf inalis is multiplying rapidly and a check on further
injury by the scale is anticipated.

California. M. L. Jones (March 16): Tulare and Kern Counties report the
cottony-cushion scale as moderately abundant locally on citrus and
ornamentals; for February.

G?2LT- C1:"JS AEID (A riw s'irnecola Patch)

Florida. J. R. Watson (i,:arclh 20): Unusually scarce. The winter has been
too dry for growth on 70o.;:n" trees.


CC.T-PFA APH!ID (Ah i s 7-- d i -i .r, Koch)

Arizona. C. D. Lebert (March 21): The baur clover aphis is moderately
abundant on citrus and ivy at Phoenix.

CITRUS RUST MITE (Phyllocontes oleivorus Ashm.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): Owing to recent rain the rust mite is
not so abunda.nt as in Janu! ",, but still unusually abundant for March.

Texas. F. L. (March 20): S.W. Clark reported on February 10 that
P. oleivorus was extr-Tiely abundant on citrus owing to the mild winter.
Control measures were being practiced. The citrus rust mite is moder-
ately abundant in Hidalgo County.

CITh7S .ED SPIDER (Para tr-nm'c, .z citri McG.)

California. M. L. Jones (March 16): Santa Barbara County reported the
citrus red spider as having caused severe dama&'e on 28 acres of citrus
locally during February.


CARDINIS WHITEFLY (Aleurodi-us cardini Each)

Florida. E. W. Ber:-.r & G. B. Merrill (March 20): The Cardints whitefly
is moderately abundant, and generally present where .-.avas grow.

PYRIFC.-.: SCALE (Protooulvinaria r:'rif'rrj Chll.)

Florida. E. W. Ber-er & G. B. Merrill (March 20): The 1yriforu.' scale is
/ generally present whre avocados and ravas are growing. It also occurs
on Ct te Jasmine and <. 'ish ivy in northern Flori>--.

- 51 -


VEGETABLE 7ZEVIL (Liotrnderes ool:iuus C-yll.)

Alabama. J. M. Rcbirnson (T.arch .0): Vegetable devils are moderately
abundant at Auiu'n. Adults have been emorgin" for three weeks and the
larvae have been abundant since recc.oer on turnips, lettuce, and other
tender vegetables.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (Yarch 22): A correspondent at Phoenix, Yazoo County,
reported on Fbcuar ?2 that larvae had severely injured turnips in his
garden. Cc.T-laints of ?-:,oe to various, garden crops have also been
received fr. other sections of the State.

California. M. L. Jones (Iarch 21): A sTall infestation has been found in
Sacramento Count,,- about 4 miles south of Sacra' on the east side of
the Sacramcnto River. The infestation is confined to 5 acres of turnips
and spinach and is the first positive record of this insect in the Great

SPOTTED CUC3u2E. BTL (Diabrotica duodecim7punctata Fab.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): The spotted cucumber beetle is very
abundant on corn.

Alabama. J. if. Robinson (March 20): The spotted cucumber beetle is moder-
ately abcundant at Auburn on winter legumes.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (March 20): The spotted cucumber beetle was moderately
abundant at Dickinson, Galveston County, on March 5. J. N. Roney took
46 of these insects in 100 sweeps of a net. The beetles were feeding
on spinach.

WESTSMT STRIPED CUCMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica trivittata Mann.)

California. F. H. Wymore (March 21): The striped cucumber beetle has been
quite active durin- the past three weeh:s in the vicinity of Davis and
some feeding is apprent on volunteer cucurbits.

WEST= SPOTTED CUC==.ER BEETLE (Diabrotica soror Lec.)

Oregon. B. G. Thompson (March 24): D. sorer is laying eggs in bean fields
near Harrisburg.

California. F. H. imre (March 21): The spotted cuc-uMber beetles have
been quite active aoout the gardens in this section of the State for the
past month. Injury to winter spinach in the San Jose area was quite

SEED COPN MAGGOT (Hyleyia cilicrura Rond.)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (March 26): The seed corn maggot adults are moder-
ately abundant at Norfolk.

- 52 -

California. F. H. W.more (March 21): The seed corn maggot is doing con-
siderable d.7mace to voung tomato plants in the cold frames about Davis.
As high as 25 percent of the plants have been destroyed in some of the
beds. Cucurbits were rather severely dq-niaed in the Coachella and
Imperial Valleys the latter -Irt of Febr-rir and the first part of

SOUTH3N GREEZT STIYK BUG (Nozara viridula L.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): The Southern green stink bug emerged
from hibernation in large numbers during the first week in March.

FALSE CHI:TCH BUG (Nysius ericae Schill.)

Texas. F. L. Thomnas (March 20): S. i. Clark reports that N. ericae has
caused severe dc.'na-e in one turnip field, an" that it was also abundant
on cabbage but causing no noticeable damage.

A SPITTLE BUG (Aohrophora permutata Udl.)

Oregon. D. C. I te (March 24): W. D. Edwards reports that spittle bugs
were first seen on March 7 and are still hatching.

1TORTI3J:7 MOL2 CRICKET (Gryllotalpa hexadactyla Perty)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (February 15 March 15): A correspondent at Leigh,
Colfax County, on February 23, sent in a specimen of the common mole
cricket which he had found, along with a number of others, at a deoth of
about 6 feet in the ground.


IEXICANT BEAN BEETLE (E-ilacxza corrupta Muls.)

Ne7 Jersey. T. J. Headlee, R. C. Burdette, B. F. Driggers (March): The
Mexican bean beetle has suffered heavy mortality in the bean fields
Whore hibernating under bean loaves, crab zr;-ss, and trash. No check
has been made in wooded areas.

West Virginia. L. M. Peairs (March 24): T-e Mexican bean beetle has been
reported at Morgantorwn and several hibernating adults have been collected,
all alive.

Ohio. N. F. Hovward (March 27): At present the survival is lower than last
year but is still relatively high and considerably higher than the
general average for the Ohio Valley region.

BAITDED CUCtr,,=Z. E2ETLE (Diabrotica balteata Lec.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): D. balteata are very abundant on beans
in Dade County.

53 -



Virginia. H. G. Walker (March 26): A report of a butterfly flyin-.
around March 26, was received. ....

South Carolina. F. Sherman (March 19): The cabbage butterfly was observed
in flight at Clemson College, March 1S; first. seen in 1934.

Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (March 26): E&7-s have been unusually scarce during
March. The adults have been rather scarce and rains seem to have
washed off many of their ea.

Missouri. L. Haseman (March 21): I have not seen any butterflies on the
wing this month at Columbia.

DIA2:OiD-EACK MOTH (Plutella maculicennis Curt.)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (March 26): There are a few moths present in kale
fields at Norfolk, but a hymenopterous parasite is also present which
will tend to keep them under control.

CA5B3AGE LOOPER (A:to rap}a brassicae Riley)

Texas. F. L. Thomas (March 20): S. W. Clark reports that A. brassicae is
becoming abundant on late cabbaige at Weslaco.

CAB-A-E APHID (Brevicor!ne brassicae L.)

Mississippi. G. L. Bond (March 17): The cabbage aphids are moderately
abundant at Pecan, Jackson County. Cabbages are found to be turning
yellow due to aphids on their roots; the aphids are not very numerous
on the tops.
J. Milton (March 19): On March 17th a heavy infestation of plant lice
was observed on a few cabbage plants in a 2-acre field near M-i'ee,
Simpson County. The infested plants were seriously injured.

E4ARLEQ'IIT BUG (Murgantia histrionica Hahn)

New Jersey. T. J. Headlee, R. C. Burdette, B. F. Driggers (March): The
harlequin cabbage bug suffered heavy mortality; all that remained in
fields were killed off.

Mississippi. N. D. Peets (March 19): The harlequin bug is moderately abun-
dant in southwestern Mississippi.
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (March 26): The harlequin cabbage bugs, in all stages,
have been very abundant on Chinese cabbage at Baton Rouge.


SQUASH BUG (Anasa tristis DeG.)

California. F. H. Wymore (March 21): Squash bugs have been rather active
around Davis, Yolo County, for the past two weeks.

- 54-

s:A:FID 2JCWL'-- 1'r (1^'*m.. ittata Fab.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): The striped cuc-umber beetle is very
abundant on squash in Dade County.


TURIIP APHID (";.si,.fu ,-,e' o. Davis)

South Carolina. W. C. Nettles (March 19): The false cabbage aphid is
present in numbers in the eastern trucking district, near Charleston.

Mississippi. H. Glodney (March 16): Turnip aohids are moderately abundant
at Ocean Springs, Jackson County.
0:.T T0')"S

OITI0I TiRIPS (Thrips tabaci Lind.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): Duiring the first part of March the onion
thrips appeared in considerable numbers about Gainesville for the first
time this winter.

Texas. F. L. Tho!,z (March 12): T. tabaci are abundant on cabbage at


AN EAR WIG (Forficulidae)

Mississippi. G. L. Bond (March 17): Earwigs have been found feeding on
zweotpotatoes where they were banked in the field or in iheh. Th:is is
quite cnrmijnon in all sections of Jacksor. County east of the Pascagoula


STRAT.IER.RY LAF ROLLER (Ancvlis comotana Froel.)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (March 16): The strawberry leaf roller is rc.-orted 's
very abundant in hibernation at Troy.

Oregon. W. D. E!,'7,rds. (March 24): Fo-nd larva in strawberry leaf near

A 7TOr.TRICID (Ablabia lor,.fna Haw.)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (March 24): Overwintering larvae of thu-.iu ],nn.:*;na
are emerrinrw from winter quarters and bc -innr..-- to feed.

A ROOT ,EV]TIL (I slob us =p.)

,reron. K. W. Gra/, (March 24): Adults of str-vberr: root weevils are out
and feedin.:-.


ST l.T l.Bh ROOT APHID (Ati' forbes! med)

Virginia. H. G. ',oac'er (March 26): vrrnir "t"on of strawberry fields in
Princes, Anne Coyntv m "Pye 1_c -vn that practically all of the ovcrwinter-
ing strawborry root c.s havo hatched.

:q L"AT:40.??- (.uett ix tenellus Ba::.)

Utah. G. --o' '.ton ('...h l')" Beet leafhoppers survived the winter in
considerable onmber; oni so.-e Tooelo and Box EIder County brec'dir.; areas.
Males survived. -t F'lvx and Tirrple, Which is unusual for this area but
probably due to the un-isuazly mrild winter.

Utah and Arizora. W77. Davis, Monthly Letter B-r. Ent., No. 237 (Frbruary):
Or a trip thr -' the perennial brcudig area in Utah and Arizona I found
host-plmant co-- itions fo-,.voraJle for a heavy population of E. tenellus in
191. % hrvf: r -u the area alfilaria, an important host of the beet
les"-op-)r-, w trow.7^ t 'c".l.y over most of the area below the 3,000-
foot level. aints .ho'e:1 *proimately one leaIfhopper every 2- feet.
All females col.lecteC. were full of mature eggs. In localities where
alfilaria had r ot irminat.;d, E. tenellus was collected on Covillea,
another important host. In the illevada area no Plantaqo or alfilaria
was couX, to hav- gminaL Q. ErioonLrn was c,err:7-inLted in a very limited
area. in thios area only one specimen, a female, ..,- taken on Covillea.


FALL 2AFEPR T,02M (Al sophil, l oTme taria Harr.)

Connecticvt. E. P. Fcit (March 24): Es:s have survived the intense cold
through ePoccibfoer an, J'nmary, apparently unh-urt.

Kansa-. H. F. -r'-o-i ('":r....h ?0): The first female was taken on January 1,
ard the first r -le as ta&er. nJa'-uory 2, the very mild November
ai-d l)eccner. j.*_e _rergence continued until the peak was reached about
January 17, when 143 fen-al's ,were tnken on one tree.. The last female
was otse veld c Xbr-ar' 20.

California. F H. 1 '.O'L. ("1arc7 2]): The fall cank'er worm is fairly coirmion
in mrax-n or.',a'.s in Dl' c noa O ,ounti,.
P^.'-.:I; C-'J ET;? :7r-.. (2f"l, r^ *., -.^ p,-'-
'. -k '-^ *- ^... ,* o -
Kansas. "n. R. nr-: (r.. r-. )n -, e a e .-1

Kar sa. I. R. Ir 7-..n (Mrch 20): The mild winter favored an early e-rierer.ce.
The firot female -_os observed on January 11 and the first male w;az takeii
on January .16. The emergence continued until the peak was reached on

*Correction: The note i-- Insect Pest Survy Zulletin, 'arch 1934,page 19 on
brown-tail roth (:yr'ia ,'ca-:,rhea Doi.) by H. G. 'Ta-,:7er in Virginia
should be H. L. Bailey in Vernont.

March 3, when 50S females were takon on one tree. The fact that the
emergence continued over schi a !Io:T period made it difficult to main-
tain stic'.y bands at M,,rnhattar; hence, many of the females no doubt have
escaped being caiight. The emcr-Lrce continues at this writing -nd is the
heaviest for -a.' years.

Missouri. L. Haseman (Marchl 21: A spring canker worm male moth was observed
flying late in W'.bruary and again March 20 at Columbia.

-IE-MA- RD T-SS- CK MOTH (,"rr,?cc.oL leucostigna S. & A.)
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (March 28): Egg m's of the white-marked
tussock moth from orchards at Amherst, where termpoeratures ranked as low
as from .-20 to -30 F., are hatching apparently normally.

FOREST `-TT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma disstria Hbn.)

Colorado. G. 1. List (i.:arch 29): The forest tent caterpillar promises to
be from moderately to quite abundant ir a number of towns throughout
northeastern Colorado. T-e egcs have not yet br-'u. to hatch.


ASH CR2 R (Podosesia fraxini

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (.March 19): Siecimens were received, March 16,
from Haynes, Adams County. Thcy were destroying ash trees.

BEECH SCALE (Cr'c'.c.. fa.i Baer.)

New England. Bureau of Entomolopy (March 2): The past season '.as seen
tremendous increase in the !mown ristrlmutor. of the becch scale in the
INc'.7 England States. It is followed by a Nectria di cease which may or
mray not be the actual lidlling ajent. It is present in ..iie, New
Hamipshire, and assachuseuts, but thus far killing of the trees, has been
confined to !.aire and the M-iritiir: Provinces of Canada.

T. ._L-C-.\ LM, SCALE (C-. '..?r'-- spurja Mod.)

Illinois. W. P. Fl':nt (March 20): Y:r. P. A. Glenn reports that during
February The -oep-n elm scale w:- fo -u.' ,ic-,.lly and v.'ell established
rin LJe, a oo, C 7 T'... e Co-', the eastern tier of tcwnships in
Kane Couty, tje entr'-c Citv of Sorin fiId and some adjacent woodlands,
and in the a-.*-ern Laf ox the City of Culmpeign.

California. M. L. Jonas (March 16): ,' County r oorts the E-ropean elm
scale a c-nJin; sli..t locally on a fe7 Chinese elms, dtiring
Fc'ruary. acr.a County recortz t-e 3ur:pean elm lcale as present during

- 57 -

CLOVSE MITE (Dryobia craetiosa Koch)

New Hampshire* E. P. Felt (March 24): .s were extraordinarily abundant
upon elms at Hanover, and apparently c.-s and young mites have not been
killed to any appreciablee extent by the low temperatures.


ZLTR:iPZ1- PINE S?'OOT MOTH (Rhyaconia" bgoliana Schi'f.)

Massachusetts. P. A. Berry, Monthly Letter Bur. Ent., No. 237 (February):
One hundred larvae were removed from infested shoots of pine collected
in each locality of ,'akefield and Brookline, and were examined to
ascertain if they were living or dead. In each collection only 1 of the
100 larvae examined was alive. It is presumed that the death of the
larvae was due to the unusually low temperatures of the latter part of
December. W., of t'., larvae from Wakefield and 7 from Brookline con-
tained the immature stage of a parasite of the -;,rnu Orgilus,all dead.
Adults of 0. o.b... _rat,-1 (Nees), a parasite received from Er'..p.., had been
liberated in each of the infestations from which the European pine shoot
moth larvae were obtained and it was probably, this species that was
found in the parasitized larvae.

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (March 23): From 80 to 90 percent of the larvae
in the shoots have been killed during the winter. Red, Scotch and mugho
pines in south-central Connecticut are attacked.

PI:E TUBE ;ODTH (Eulia inatubana Kearf.)

New York. E. P. Felt (March 24): T -e pine tube moth has been reported as
locally abundant at Locust Valley, L. I.

MOUNTAIN PI1M BEETLE (Dendroctonus monticolae Hopk.)

Idaho. J. C. Evenden, Monthly Letter Bur. Ent., No. 237 (February): In
1927 a small outbreak was reported from the eastern portion of the
Nezperce irT-tional Forest. This outbreak was apparently a chance infes-
tation from the severe epidemic that existed in the lodgepole pine stands
of the Bitterroot and Salmon Forests. Since that date the infestation
has spread northward, devastating all lod'coole pine stands in its path.
An analysis of the 1933 r:..,-:r reports shows that this epidemic has
passed through the ic-.zperce and Selwray Forests, and now rests in the
Clearwater, with a few spots of infestation on the St. Joe Forest.
Although it is accepted that the remaining lodgepole pine stands within
these forests are doomed, the seriousness of the situation rests upon
the possibility that the insect may transfer its attack to white pine
after depleting the lod7epole pine stands, As these tree species are
equally acceptable hosts of the insect, and as white pine in association
with lodgepole is already being attach-.d on the Clearvater, there is but
small hope that such an occurrence will not take place. There are large
bodies of valuable western white pine on the Clearwater and St. Joe
National Forests which at this time are seriously threatened.

55 -

WHITE PI1ITE APHID (Lachnun strobi Fitch)

New York. E. P. Felt (March 24): The black eys were sent in in numbers
from pines at Locust Valley and also Westburv, L. I.
PI1E NEEDLE SCALE (Chioras'is pinifoliae Fitch)

Maso-,chusetts. A. I. Bourne (March 28): The species of scale which winter
over in the eg-- stage, such as the pine leaf scale, from such observa-
tions as have been made at Amherst a-p.p'ar to have winter' vury success-

New York. R. E. Horsey (March 25): Tr.c pine leaf scale was observed on an
ornamental planting of Scotch and Austrian pines. Infestation was quite
severe on the Scotch pine. The purplish appear plump and healthy
when removed from under the scales. The pine leaf scale is about
eliminated from Highland Park.

Nebraska. M. H. Sv'enk (February 15 March 15): A Hall County correspondent,
during the first week in March, r, :orted that her .-i-1ho pinch showed an
infestation by the pine leaf scale.


CALIFORNIA TENT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma californica Pack.)

Arizona. C. D. Lebert (March 21): Very abundant on cottonwood trees around
Phoenix. Webbing is noticeable on all roadways where cott.)nwoods are
planted. Very annoying in homes in which tho caterpillars gain access
in their migrations.


WESTERT WILLOW TINGID (Zoryt>dc:a salicata Gibson)

Oregon. B. G. Thompson (March 24): Ti.e western willow tingid is showing
up in serious numbers in sections of the Willamette Valley.



TWO-MARK2D TREE :.OppE (En'..o'.o. binotatn Say)

New York. E. P. Felt (March 24): E,: masses were found somewhat abundant
upon Celastrus or Roxbur7 waxwort at Westb.try, L. I.

M-ALYBUGS (P-. ...acoccus spp.)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (March 19): A report of serious injury to house
plants was received from Sheyenne, Ed JT County, March 16.

59 -

Nebraska, M. H. Swenk (February 15 4 March 15): Complaints continued to be
received during the period here covered of infestation of house plants
with the mealy bug P. citri Risso,

Mississippi. D. W. Grimes (March 20): Cornon mealybugs (P. citri) are
abundant on Euonmus .japonica at Kosciusko.

SOFT SCALE (Coccus hesoeriduin L.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (March 15): Fro, IDundy County, during the first week
in March, we received a complaint from a correspondent that thcr indoor
lemon plant was being destroyed by the soft brown scale, and the follow-
ing week a Hayes County correspondent reported serious injury to her
begonia plants by this pest.

A COCCID (Lenoidosaohes tuberculata Malen'.)

Florida, E. W. Berger & G. B. Merrill (March 20): L. touberculata is moder- '
ately atuniant on orchids in a greenhouse at West Palm Beach. Previously
reported from Coconut Grovc. Specim.ens collected.


ARBORVITAE APHID (Dilachnus thu.jafilina Del G.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle assistants (March 19): Arborvitae is being heavily
infested at Laurel. The aphid was found to be very abundant on arborvitae
in Smith County, near Pineville School, on February 23.

Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (March 26): An aphid common on arborvitae has
attracted blowflies to the honeydew excretions as a source ,f food at
Tallulah and Baton Rouge.


AZALEA LEAF MINER (Gracilaria azaleae Brants)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 24): Mr. J. P, Kislanko sent us some adults,
larvae, and pupae taken from azalea in a greenhouse at Hattiesbur:, on
February 21. These insects were abu-indant in the greenhouse; and the
azalea plants appeared shabby owing to defoliation. (Det. by A. Busck)


EUOITYMOUS SCALE (Chionas-is euonymi Comst.)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (March 23): Evidence of heavy winter mortality
of C. euonymi Comst.

New York. R. E. Horsey (March 25): The Zuonymus scale is quite prevalent in
Rochester on Euonymus radicans and its varieties as well as on some
deciduous species of Euonymus. The severe winter has badly injured
leaves on exposed plants of E. radicans, and eggs examined are apparently
yellowed and wrinkled although a few apparently live ones were found.


- 60 -

Unfortunately I cannot tell whether the condition was caused by the un-
usually cold winter or by spra-'ini, as th.csea were treated several times
last summer and late in the year.

Mississippi. J. Milton (March 19); The Euorvnmus scale is very abundant on
Z--':;y s in Jacnks'-n.


GLADIOLUS ^"!.-IS (Taeniothrips -l lii.i M. & S.)

/ Florida. J. R. Watson (March 20): The "glad" thrips caused -ru-h darrn-e to
plantations in Lee Cou.rty and about and to a lesser extent about
Winter Haven, Polk County.

LATANIA SCALE (Asrid --.tu latani-e Sign.)

California. S. Lockwood (March 24): Dr. Dean Palmer, San Diego County,
found the latania scale living onr gladiolus corms 4 inches below the
surface of the soil.


OYSTER-S ELL SCALE (Lepidosao.hes ulmi L.)

New York. R. E. Horsey (March 25): The oyster-shell scale is found on
ornamental lilacs and on whit in native woods. Microscopic examina-
tion shows that the e,-;s are plump and whitish and apparently will hatch
abundantly. This scale is almost eliminated from .Ti>J.Ind Park.

Yj : 7C'L I A
TUJLIP TREE SCALE (TOU..,:.yella liriodendri Gmel.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (March 22): Ma.n. ,lia twigs heavily infested were re-
ceived from Mount Olive, Covington County, on March 7.

A BUTJLB TI.IPS (Lio'thri-,s var..(ei-.ei. Priessner)

ishingF-ton. R. Scoonp (February 26) The "ir;t ef- lnc'n to have been laid
in the field this sep-son were f6ond February 26 at Sumner. No pupae have
been found this season. Lar:-7 r.'ibers of rarasitic r.ites have been
appearing in the cultures in the laboratory during the winter and spring.

ITAJ..CISSUS BULB FLY ( Wasi Itor". C. H. Martin (cruiry):" O. February 16 larvae were out of the
bulbs and at the surface of the soil in an outdoor c.,-c at SU-.ncr. The
larvae in this caye had been removed ,.." replaced in bulbs d:.i ing
november, Duccrnber, and Janu.iry. On Februory 17 s. veral pr-P-, were found

- 61 -

over a lot of undisturbed larvae. E:."-.xtion of larvae in the second
spring of their existence zv-ed them to be in good condition in spite
of the fact that they had been under flood waters and also in water-
saturated soil for several weeks. Twenty five, 15,and 16 mm larvae were
removed from bulbs last August and placed in soil. Six of these larvae
were still alive on ?.'cruary 15; appTarently the rest had died.


PAL,,.ETO SCALE (Comstockiella sabalis Comst.)

Florida. E. W. Berger & G. B. Merrill (March 20): The palmetto scale is
moderately abundant. Occasionally present on cabbage palmetto and some other
palms, wherever grown.

PALM LEAF SI TC:I:Z. (Hom9le1r.. sabalella Chamb.)

Florida. E. W. Berger & G. B. Merrill (March 20): The palm leaf skeletonizer
is moderately abundant. Frequently present on cabbage palmetto and some
other palms wherever grown.


A WHIIEFLY (Al.'r o. pruinosus Bemis)

Wasir.igton. M. H. Hatch (February 15): A white fly is attacking cultivated
rhododendron at Seattle. Individuals are not very abundant. (Det.
P. W. .. n)


SMALL 7E= ROSE APHID (Myzafllils rosarum Walk.)

California. M. L. Jones (March 16): :Tata County reports the small green
rose aphid as having caused medium damage generally to roses during



MOSQUITOES (Culicinae)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Mardh. 17): Mosquito larvae are nearly mature in some
localities and a few adults, principally Anopheles, have been collected
during the past two weeks.

FLEAS (Ct,-no-> r.-.-lide sp.)

Missouri. L. h-ser an (e.":- L(%): r .-,r-z fr -.r. iff-er.Pt rarts of t.he State
are c -ncrl iar. i n er 1y :' 1 c i.' i t:,.ity

1,: braska. M. H. Swt'ir.'- (Ma-ch 1.): C.,-lart s cf infestation with fleas,
rye:.' .tbly C. ., >.:rt, were receive fr-m buffalo C-mir.i, and
Richardson CQr .ti3s i.rir.2 t r- las.t I alf o-f Fearuary, is aC cor.tirn-.ution
of th ii..
of the c' s r.cci'vad i. mid-Fiecr-v'r'r.

-:':LL E: 'JG (L. tr.-ccris triviitt'tus Say)
South Carolina. F. (.'r:'r. 19): 3oxeldi:r 'u>s oere rcortcri active
March 9 in t,.2 .r;ntr-.l ra.t cof t.,- Stat i .vdi.. a .-usc.

North Dakota. J. A. I,:-mr- (M-..-c- 19): An -iunusual nu.bcr of re-,crts arave been
received on t'.e nrt',lcrccc, boc roldcr bu: s durin.- t.c -r s-as.
Throughout t,.e .--ir:iter r,':.nt .s re.;.,orts indicated that th-ey were rr.-.arded
chiefly as a hse:ol. nest.

California. F. r;7. W,-rre (Maech 21): T e boxelder b.- hac been quite active
during the rast mr:t- in t.w Vacaville .nd Fairield districts of Solanc
County. No fr-ri feiin- been retorted.


CATTLE :-R.'BS (;trcnose-r in.)
V7orth Dakota. J. A. .:.jrr, (M','rc. 17i: I have-t received from F. D. Butcher
a note dated toa- r.. ctt -r infestiton at Orrin. e states that
the r .bs arc r-.j'ri-' re,' dv to ?r,' out.

Missouri. L. H&s-.*i-in (.-.rch 21): r'x wr"-l -r.v: beer. mc:; less ab-ndant
than usual E.t C l-?.l bi;:- ,"t.: ,ir' still i0 t,.., C.'-ks of L-.osts.


:Y .Sr :0TFLIES (G -ct r,, i1 ]s :s )

lrnrth Dakinta. J. A. I.' .r,? (,I..I U lI): Ho:..'L c-ts n.a t -ittr-ct... .nsider-
able attenti-r i ,rin..- t i ', n' r '-.n oi n ... 'ri ..-- cr:th.s in theI northern
and eastern i,'rts .-f .. S'At-. (A t rtra.', J. A. 1E.)

Missouri. L. Hare-ran (Mar-:'-. Cl): crs- br.s rJ"e '-bo:t r-r,::l -s rt:zirds
abundance locally ('."l .l a)

A TI:r (Der-certer sj.)

:T.-rt- Dakota. J. A. i.: (Marc 1): A vetL-rinr n- cent n. Lmer1' snecilmens
of ticks, De'r, soT. (b~ .t. s,'xes) 'i'i -r a 'cR o-:,nYin; nfl.te as
follows: "T:T t vwer t' 'Ker. fr,-,m -. ores -,out 13 mile: sn t of
C rtwri : w r r.. "'r:t',, t-.1 I t :ie i- c.tsc' ar-t Id' milt:- f'!o,m t:.e closest
timber. The',- -O- o-: cir: c r:ib I. t t inr ,, a ,nr-r s..- -s s f.,r a distance
of 50 miles : ', t. Li t'- i. S-?jri R iv r fr.r. Cii nloner .ri .i.c so- t.o f
Watford City.

- 63 -


BEDBUGS (Cimei lc.t;U-tu]i3. L.;)

Ohio. N. F. Howard (March 28): A severe infestation of bedbugs in chicken
coops at South Point was recently brought to our attention. The insects
became so numerou-s that it was necessary to remove the chickens and com-
pletely sterilize the house. In one instance the bugs were so numerous
that the farmer had to dispose of all his chickens but a few which he
isolated and treated by hand. The identity of the species has not been
verified by a specialist. I understand that there was a heavy infesta-
tion in the small-animal horse where experimental rats and other small
animals are kept at Ohio State University.


TERMIT1-S (Reticulitermes spp.)

Connecticut. M. P. Za-ppe (March 23): Termites are becoming more destructive
to buildings. R. flavipes Koll. was reported attacking buildings at ITew
Haven and Westport. Several years ago this was rather rare but during
the last 3 years we have -umy reports of injury by this pest to homes
potso injury by this pest to homes
and public buildings. On Prospect Street, New Haven, many new expensive
homes are infested. Several years ago this land was covered with wood
but has recently been developed into building sites.

West Virginia. L. M. Peairs (March 24): Termites reported at Morgantown,
Fairmont, and Parkersburg. No less than 11 reports of adult emergence
during week of March 10 17.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (March 22): Requests for information about controlling
termites have been received during the past few weeks from alsmot all
sections of the State.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (March 20): Owing to the mild winter, termite activity
continued throughout the winter months. Many new local infestations
have been found. Apparently four species of subterranean termites are
present in Kansas.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (February 28): Termites (R. tumice-ps Bks.) are
seriously damaging electric light poles in various parts of the Cache
Valley, untreated lod-'-e)ole and other native -oine p-ooles being damaged
most severely. Co-ra--y representatives report that untreated -ooles are
s'ietimes severely mined and destroyed within three years. (Det. T. E.

California. F. H. Wymore (March 21): The western or subterranean termite,
R. h sre Bks. has been actively preparing the emergence tubes in
buildings and greenhouses during the past two weeks for the spring
flight; however, no swarming has been observed or reported as yet.

4 S

,ROEA! FARIG (Forf' cula a-iricularia L.) 3 126 44 6391

California. A. E. Michelbacher (March 2l). As late as February 24 eggs
could be found at Berkeley without any difficulty.

ITDIA:-4,AL MOTH (Plodia intEr-ynctella .on.)

Nebr:w.i-:-. M. H. Swenk (Marc':-. 15): From Stanton County comes the report of
large numbers of Indian-meal moths emergin-g from poorly shelled corn
cobs stored in the cellar of a house during the first week in March.
BEAIT Tz',','IL (\ at oscC'i des obtect-is Say)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (March 22): Shelled butterbeans showing severe injury
were received from Durant, Holmes County, on March 8.

PEA =7.IL (Bruchus pi sorum L.)

Idaho. T. A. Bri-.rdley, Monthly Letter Bur. Ent., No. 237 (February):
Prospects are favorable for a decided increase in pea weevil damage this
season. If the weather continues mild the only redeeming feature of the
situation will be the small hibernating population. An interesting
result of the continued mild weather is thlE survival of volunteer peas
in the winter wheat. Last fall durir.- the harvest season unusual quan-
tities of peas were shattered because of climatic conditions. Whole
fields seeded to winter wh"e.t resembled pea fields, so great was the
quantity shattered. Favorable climatic conditions allowed practically
all of these peas to germinate and, thus far, these peas have survived.
It is possible, should the warm weather continue, that these peas will
survive and absorb some of the weevil damage. This would alleviate the
situation this crop season, but would breed larzc weevil populations
for 1937.

A SPI:-R BEETLE (Ptinus tectus Boieldieu)

Was'..iy-ton. M. H. Hatch (February 23): Tlis beetle is numerous in a grain
store at El-:onds.


CCIT,2 LEAS 7CR.1 (Al-b.L--a c-r.nacea Hbn.)

March 8, 1?,: I have just received word from Mr. Andre Au-iant of Port-au-
Prince, -:.iti, that he has been observi:;- successive generationss of
Alaba'na arEij.llacea Hbn. there on cotton this winter, the pupal periods
cormi: tfe latter part of Janui-ry :*.n the latter part of February. He
does not note :VJLt the tc.r0 ratures r.ave been, but these will te obtain-
able latE;r. contrast, no Al- bam.a at all nas been noted ir. Puerto
Rico for over a year, the last small outbreak been eliminated in
January 1933 on a small field of an experimental planting at Rio Piedras.
It occurs to me that the presence of A. rgillrncea in n-itl throughout
th: winter -,i indicate the possibility of an early occ,:rrence in Florida
anId Geor - r rTir.:.