I N SE CT
Vol. 14 March 1, 1934 No. 1
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C. P. Gillette, State Agricultural College, Fort Collins
Geo. M. List, State Agricultural College, Fort Collins
W. E. 3ritton, Agricultural E:-eriment Station, New Haven
E. P. Felt, Bartlett Research Laboratory, Starford
Dr. L. A. Stearns, Agricultural Exreriment Station, Newark
Wilmon Newell, Agricultv-al Ex-eriment Station, Gainesville
J, R. Watson, Agricultural Experiment Station, Gainesville
E. Wff. Berger, State Plant Board, Gainesville
H. T. Fcrnald, 707 East Concord Avenue, Orltndo
BLT EhA AY
51-ATE PLANT t/ilRc.
ERP0.RTF.S FOR T7: IITSEC-T PST s-RVY, 1934
The Entomologists of the B-r:tau of Entomology, U. S.
Department of Agriculture
Dr. J. M. Robinson, Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Aouburn
Mr. C. D. Lebert, P. 0. Box 3006, Phoenix
Dr. W. J. Baer-, University of Arkansas, F:-v.'etteville
Mr. DIi--.t Isdly, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Prof. E. 0. Essig, University of California, Berkeley
Dr. W. 3. Herms, University of California, Berkeley
Mr. Stewart Lockwood, Bureau of Plant Quarantine and Control,
Department of Agriculture, Sacramento
Mr. H. S. Smith, Citrus Experiment Station, Riverside
Mr. :Qirold J. Ryan, County Agricultural Buildir..;-, Los Angeles
Mr. D. B. Mackie, Department of A-riculture, Sacramento
Mr. M1 L. Jones, Department of A-iculture, Sacramento
Mr. G. S. Hensill, University of California, Berkeley
Mr. A. E. iMichelbacher, University of California, Berkeley
Dr. A. W. Morrill, 815 Hill Street, Los Aneles
Mr. L. M. Smith, Deciduous Fruit Field Station, Route I,
Box 252, San Jose
Mr. F. H. Wymore, College of Agriculture, Davis
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NIeb ra ska
Mr. M. S. Yeomans, State Bo-.rd of Entomology, Atlanta
Mr. C. H. Alden, State B?.rd of Etomol-.y, Cornelia
Mr. W. ". Clarke, Peach E.-er'.ment Station, T.ri.orton
'..r. J. B. Gill, Box -'t2, Albany
Prof. Claude akelmnd, Universit of Idaho, Moscow
Mr. R. W. :,'r.!'ele, Er.tomoloical' Field Station, Parma
M1r. W. P. Flint, State Natural History S-r-.--y, Urbana
Dr. T. H. J'ison, State Iat'-iral History Survey, Urbana
Prof. J. J. Davis, Purdue University, Lafayette
Dr. Carl J. Dra'e, Iowa State College, Ames
Mr. H. E. Jaques, Iowa Wesleyan College, Mt. Pleasant
Prof. Geo. A. Dean, Xansas State Agricultural Collee7e,Manhattan
Dr. H. B. H x rford, University of Kansas, Lawrence
Prof. H. R. Bryson, Kansas State Aricultural College,Manhattan
Prof. W. A. Price, University of Kentucky, Lexvn:ton
Dr. W. E. Hinds, Louisiana State Universit'-, Baton R-,-e
Dr. H. L. Dozier, 1519 N. White St., le- Orleans
Dr. H. B. Peirson, State of Maine Forest Service, Augusta
Dr. E. IT. Cory, University of Maryland, Collec Park
Mr. A. I. B ,urne, Agricultural Ex-c-riment Station, Am1erst
Prof. R. H. Pettit, "izi-'n.. State College of A-riculture,
Mr. H-. :utson, Michigan State Colle:e of Agriculture,
2" st Lansr.:-
Prof. A. G. T.>- les, University of Minnesota, University
F-.rn, St. Paul
Prof. A. A. j:"'.ov\':', University of Minnesota, University
F-r,, St. Paul
Mr. Clay L:'le, State Plant Board, State Colle.-e
Dr. L. Hapseran, Ti..iversit:, of Vi ssouri, Columbia
Dr. A. L. Strand, Montana State Colle* e, Bozeman
Prof. M. H. Swnr--, University of ITebraska-, Lincoln
Mr. Don B. Whelan, University of '":cbraska, Lincoln
Mr. L. M. Gates, Departmrnent of Agriculture, Lincoln
Mr. G. G. S:' eis, P. 0. Box 1027, ?.,no
Mr. L. C. Glover, Agricultural Ex-epriment Station, Durham
Dr. T. J. Headlee, University of New Jersey, IT,'.w Brunswick
Mr. Harry B. Weiss, Chief, Bureau. of Statistics and In-
spection, Department of Agriculture, Trenton
Dr. J. R. Eyer, College of Agriculture, State College
Prof. C. R. Crosby, Cornell. University, Ithaca
Mr. P. J. Parrott, Agricultural .xperiment Station, Geneva
Dr. R. D. Glasgow, New York State Museum, Albany
Mr. P. J. Chairman, Box 51, Vassar College, Poiighkeepsie
Prof. A. H. MacAndrews, Derjartment of Forest Entomology,
New York State College, Syracuse
Mr. R. E. Horsey, Highland Park, Rochester
Dr. R. W. Leiby, Department of Agriculture, Raleigh
Dr. Z.P. Metcalf, North Carolina State College, State
College Station, Raleigh
Prof. J. A. Mnro, North Dakota Agricultural College,
State College Station, Fargo
Prof. T. H. Parks, Ohio State University, Columbus
Mr. J. S. Houser, Agricultural Experiment Station, Wooster
Dr. Herbert Osborn, Ohio State University, Columbus
Mr. E. W. Mrnlenhall, Ohio State Department of Agriculture,
97 Brighton Road, Colu-mbus
Mr. J, N. Knull, Ohio State University, Columbus
Prof. C. E. Sanborn, OClahoi-a Agricultural and ME chanical
Mr. C. F. Stiles, Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical
Dr. Don C. Mote, Oregon State Agricultural College, Corvallis
Dr. T. L. Guton, Bureau of plant Industry, Harrisburg
Prof. H. E. Hodgkiss, Pennsylvania State College,
Mr. A. B. Champlain, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg
Mr. H. B. Kirk, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg
Mr. J. R. Stear, c/o Koppers Txperiment Farm, Ligonier
Mr. C. A. Thomas, Pennsylvania State Colleo:c, Kennett Square
Mr. H. N. Worthley, Pennsylvania State College, State College
Dr. A. E. Stene, State Department of Agriculture, King:ston
Prof. Franklin Sherman, Clemson College
Prof. H. C. Severin, South Dakota State College of Agri-
culture and Mechanic Arts, Brookings
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Prof. G. M. Bentley, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Dr. F. L. Thomas, Akricultural Ex-criment Station,
Prof. G. F. Knowlton, Agricultural E.-rriment Station, Logan
Prof. C. J. Sorconson, Agricultural E7. )erimenrt Station, Logan
Mr. H. L. Bailey, State DL.:a'tmcnt of Agriculture, Montpelier
Dr. W. J. Schoone, Virginia Agricultural Erperiment Station,
Bl. ? :'ks .-rg
Dr. H. G. 7rllk:r, Virginia Trch: Fxperiment Station, Norfolk
Mr. C. R. Willey, Division of Plant Industry, 1112 State
Office Building, Riclmnond
Mr. M. H. Hatch, University of Ts-A.ingtor, Seattle
Prof. R. L. Webster, State College of 7ashington, Pallman
Dr. L. M. Peairs, West Virginia University, Morgantown
Prof. W7. E. R-.i,',i-;, Agricultural Z-Teoriment Station,
Mr. E. L. Chambers, State Department of Agriculture, M:adison
Dr. C. L. Fluleo, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Mr. C. L. Corkins, Office of State Entomologist, Powell
Mr. G. X. 7)lcott, Insular :pn.'-rinient Station, Rio Piedras
Mr. 0. H. Swezey, Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association,
Dr. Alfonso Dampf, A'.- -.ida Insur.gcntes 171, San Jacinto,
Mexico, D. F.
Dr. C. H. Ballou, A.-irtado 7.68, San Jose
Mr. E. J. Han'lictor, Jscola Su-erior de A- ricultura
VeterinariB, ":.tado de Minas Gerais, ".'icosa
Mr. A. H. Ro:;-ifeld, Zotuical and Plant Bre-in; Section,
Ministry of A..-riculture, El 7iza
ThE MORE I'.PORTAITT RECORDS FOR JA1TUARY AITD FE-RUARY, 1934
The month of February was marked by unprecedentedly cold weather in
the East Central, :Teo England, Middle Atlantic, and South Atlantic States,
with abnormally warm weather in the West and Northwest.
Cutworm activity started during the latter half of February in the
South Atlantic States. E_-;s were observed in the Norfolk trucking section of
Virginia, January 15. In Montana the army cutworm h.s been found actively
feeding in winter wheat.
Reports from Nebraska indicate that the Hessian fly is quite generally
infesting the wheat, infestations varying from less than 1 to over 4 puparia
The chinch bug situation has not materially changed since last fall.
Infestations are generally heavy in the East Central and West Central States.
The green bug appeared during the third week of February in Oklahoma.
Winter survival of the sugarcane borer is reported high in Louisiana.
In the East Central end h77:stern States winter mortality of the codling
moth has been very low; in the Pacific Torth'vest it is reported as negligible.
On the other hand, New York State reports very high mortality from winter
The San Jose scale-is reported as more prevalent in Illinois, Georgia,
Idaho, and Mississippi, as compared with last year.
The mealy plum aphid is reported as more abundant in the prune orchards
of the San Joaquin Valley of California than at any time during the past four
Dry weather during the early part 6f the winter is said to account for
an unusually heavy infestation of the citrus rust mite in Florida.
The seed corn ima-got is quite generally troublesome in Mississippi and
parts of Texas.
The tomato pin worm has been found in a greenhouse near new Castle, in
Lawrence County, Pa., in the extre7.e western part of the State.
The percentage of survival of the Mexican bean beetle is reported to
have dropped materially in Ohio.
A heavy outbreak of the green peach aphid on spinach and cruciferous
crops is reported from the Norfolk truckr.- section of Virginia.
The brown-tail moth has suffered rather high winter mortality in the
northern part of New England.
A serious infestation of the southern pine beetle in Virginia has been
materially reduced by very high mortality this winter.
G E 1 E R A L. -FE 2E DE R S
AS S;: 0jPPT3. S (Acrididae)
Michigian. R. Hutson (February 20): E,-_ survival is great in re::ions
affected last year. .
Montana. A. L. Strand (February 19): Owing to the very mild winter over a
lar.-e part of Montana, grasshoppers of the Hiopisci group are especially
active and lar-e nT imbers of them are bei.z sent in for identification.
In spite of the relatively warm weather during the last two months, none
of our economic sDociUs have hatched.
Arizona. C. D. Lebert (F7bruary 19): After one of the worst infestations
ever '"2-wn in this State (1933) one would expect to find e_- masses with
ease this spring. However, the reverse is true in the Salt River Valley.
To date, very few e:s have been found. The -3s of i'1-l.nc:l1us
differentials Th-s. are more prevalent. Those of M. mexicanus Sa-uss. are
very scarce. Indications are that the poison campaign was very successful,
or that there -.- a late second generation which did not oviposit, or
that a general migration occurred. (I believe th-.t a suppolementary second
generation occurred, and therefore few <-c were deposited.)
Virinia. H. G. Walker (February 26): An eg& mass of about 450 cutworm eggs
was found on a spinach leaf in the field at :orfolk on January 15.
IMotana. A. L. Strand. (February 19): The araty cutworm, C':riz-;rotis
auxiliaris Grote, has been received during the past month from several
localities where it is active mostly in fields of winter wheat.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (February 19): Cutworms are moderately abu.dant in
Arizona. C. D. Lebert (February 19): Several species of cutworms are
moderately abu"r:-int in the Salt River Valley.
California. M. L. Jones (December 1933): Cutwormns and other noctuids are
re! orted as generally distributed in small numbers on celery.
S:CIT.'.CH E':TTEaFLY (Danaus meniope F.?b.)
Florida. H. T. Fernald (F&cruary 14): I have seen faded specimens of the
monarch butterfly at intervals during this entire winter; quite a differ-
ence from the winter of 1932-33, when I saw none.
WHITE C-GRUS ( o'lnc'.a-i spp.)
Iowa. C. J. Drake (February 19): White 2r-bs are extremely oburdant;
t -..:, -'-, of acres of -.r-'ss and ot:.cr crops were destro, cd in 1933.
Missouri. L. Haseman (February 20): Recent letters report serious damage to
sod during the fall but local diggings at Columbia do not show many worms.
In north-central Missouri we may have trouble.
Arizona. C. D. Lebert (F:bruary 19): W7i-ite grubs are very numerous in soil
of farming areas.
CEREAL AND FORAGE-CROP INSECTS
HESSIAI7 FLY (P.-to.hag-a destructor Say)
Missouri. L. Haseman (February 20): The results of scouting for the Hessian
fly last fall indicate that we will probably not have any serious trouble
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (January 1 to February 15): The rev wheat crop shows
a varying infestation, judging from samples sent in by correspondents
during the period here covered, the variation running from 42 percent to
100 percent of the stems infesteJ and the infestation varyin: from 0.6
puparium per stem in a Hall County field to 4 pu: iria per stem in a
Tuckolls County field.
CHINTCh BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)
Illinois. W. P. Flint (February 19): WTeather conditions have been ideal for
chinch bug hibernation, with a very hig, survival in the central part of
the State. 1T:) extensive counts have been made as yet.
Iowa. C. J. Drake (February 19): The chinch bug is very common throughout
Iowa. H. E. Jaques (February 24): Sout.astern Iowa is thickly sprinkled with
chinch bugs. They are more abundant than they have been for many years,
and our very open winter has made it easy for them.
Missouri. L. Haseman (February 20): Much winter burning has been done, but
the mild winter has favored the pest. Unless there is heavy spring and
summer rainfall, the chinch bug situation will be serious. Clump-grass
was burned February 17, with slow back fire; one clump examined February
20, showed 54 live bugs and 4 dead remains; within 25 feet of the burned
clump an unburned one of like size nowed 244 live and 19 dead. In addi-
tion to an apparently largec kill by burning, these figures indicate
approximately 8 percent winter mortality. If the difference in count of
the two clumps is due to burnirn-, it indicates a greater percent of kill
by burning than we usually estimate.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (January 1 to February 15): Ar.ong the cereal pests,
the chinch bug was the subject of the most frequent inquiries. During
the second week in February a considerable amount of winter burning .-is
resorted to in southeastern ITebraska, where the insect is very abundant.
G-.2'" jBUG ( .'".:optera .-rariinv-. Rond.)
Oklh1.:.!Ta. C. F. Stiles (February 24): Green bugs have made their anpear-
ance in Kingfisher and Alfalfa Counties. Parasites have increased
raTidly in the infested fields, and unless weather conditions are un-
favorable for the development of parasites we do not expect sev,.re
LESScR COR;T STALK BORER (Elascpal uj lifnosellus Zell.)
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (?eb.-inry 21): Larvae of the lesser corn stalk
borer were moderately abun-a.-it in cornstalks at Hartford, January 8.
So' --,:- C,:" STALK ZO-R0 (Diatraea crarnbidoides Grote)
Alabama. J. 11. Robinson (7ebrary 21): Larvae -ere moderately P'C.ndcnt in
cornstalks at Hartford, January 8.
AL-ALA L TEEVIL ( ,a i oostica GylI.)
Colora.do. G. M!. List (February 20): The alfalfa weevil is scarce to
moderately abundant in infested counties.
California. A. E. '.ichelbacher (February 19): Owing to the mild weet'.er
this insect has remained more or less active during the entire winter.
In the Tracy area, by the 8th of December, both the lar7ae and iadlts
were hard to collect. On the 12th of February the hi'.cst weevil popu-
lation enc-iuntered was in a field near Vernalis, wnhcre an avera-e of 8
larvae and 7 adults were collected per 100 sweeps. In all t'i. other
fields examined the count per 100 swceos never exceeded one or two
individuals, and in some none were collected. Weevils were, :.oevcr,
found from one end of the district to tIc other.
In the regionr. about Pleca.',anton the larvae could be collected
thlroul2-out the cntirue vintcr in fields where there was a sli *t growth
of alfalfa. They .vre never taken in large :.mLers, and the counts were
usually lc3s than 3 to 100 sweeos. The highest rumrber taken :er 100
sWieps 0- February 12 wp3 12 larvae and 5 adults.
In t:hf most heavily infested fields in the Tiles territory the
weevil corald be, collectLi within ease at ar.. time during the winter, 10 to
15 larvae usuaaily being taken to 100 sweeps. As early as the first of
the year onc count was made where 50 larvae were collect-Ad to 10C. sweeps.
3y the i'idlle of January it w-.s not unconrnon to collect 25 larvae to 100
sweeps, and during the early :.-rt of F,:ruary counts of over 100 were
made. In ore field, on the 9th of Fcbruary, an avera-;c of 2-.7 larvae and
18 ad:lJtc were found to 100 sweeps. The count in this field is the
highest that has come to our attention, and a s:r.'i-vy of the district at
that time showed the counts in most fields to be less th'an, 50 larvae to
100 s ops.I
Observations of the wreevil activity in field cages at Pleasanton
and Niles showed that the weevil oviposited rather freely in alfalfa
stems during the entire winter at Tiles, and to a lesser extent at
Pleasanton. As things look now it is expected that the alfalfa weevil
will do little or no damage to the alfalfa crop this season.
ALFALFA CA:L.PTLLAR (E:, ryus eurythemc Bdv.)
Arizona. C. D. Lebert (February 19): An adult was noticed February 16.
California. A. E. Michelbacher (February 19): During the past month a few
larvae of the alfalfa butterfly were collected.
PEA APHID (Illinoia nisi Kalt.)
Oregon. D. C. Mote (February 23): The pea aphid was found on peas near
Barlow, February 13.
L. P. Rockwood (March 1): This aphid had attained a considerable
population in some early fall seeded vetch and pea fields by early
February. Meteorological conditions of the fall and winter of 1933-34
parallel rather closely those of 1917-18 which preceded the worst out-
break in the Pacific Northwest within recent years. It is feared that
there may be fewer predators than usual as field crop aphids were un-
usually scarce in the season of 1933. We know that there arc fewer
coccinellid beetles than usual in their winter cache on Bald Peak in
the Chehalem Mountains. The only natural enemies observed as ,et in the
fields are spiders and the fungous diZ.iasc! Em-us'a an'miLi off 'iar.
California. A. E. Michelbacher (February 19): The nea aphid 7?.Ls collected
in the alfalfa fields during the past month; it is becoming quite
abundant in some fields at the present time.
CRANE FLIES (Tipula spp.)
Kentucky. W. A. Price (February 23): Crane fly larvae appeared in masses
in an orchard that was heavily mulched, at Farmers.
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 20): Crane flies (undetermined) have been
moderately abundant for the past few weeks at Baton Rouge.
SUGARCA:'E ORMR (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 20): In the examinations made in the
vicinity of Baton Rouge, the survival of the sugarcane borer is high.
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SUG RCA:I: ROOTSTOCK WEEVIL (Anvc-.,ntrinus subfonuduas Buchanan)
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (M&.ruary 20): All sla-es exceT t the e-2 have been
found all winter at Baton Rouge and Plaquemine. E ---s may have been
present but were never found.
FRUIT IN S E C T S
CODLING '.:OTH (Carnocapsa pomonella L.)
'Tev, York. P. J. Parrott (February 23): In some sections of western New York
large numbers of hibernr ting larvae have been killed by low tcer.ieratures.
Illinois. W7. P. Flint (February 19): Over the southern half of Illinois
winter ;-either has been unseasonably mild to date, and codlir.ng moth
larvae have suffered very little winter injury. Larvae kept alive out-
doors at Urb-inm. show a higher percentage alive at this time than for
Missouri. L. Haseman (February 20): Rec-:nt checks at Columbia ho only
7.6 percent mortality of larvae in our brccdir; cages.
Colorado. G. 14. List (February 20): The codlinrz moth is very abundant, and
winter mortality is very low.
Idaho. R. W. Haegele (February 21): Winter mortality is negligible in
southwestern Idaho. There is an enormous carry-over of worms from 1933
and a heavy infestation is expected for this year.
C. Wakeland (Ftob-ar, 10) : We have had no winter to date, consequently
a high survival is expected. Temperature has not reached zero in most
parts of Idaho. Perennials have blossomed all winter. Mortality of
the codling moth should be the lowest in the last 12 years.
California. M. L. Jones (February 7): The codling moth was reported as
czi.icing slight d,:imaje locally on p..:rs in Yolo County &durin.- December
F?.:IT TREE LLEAF ROLL. (Cacoecia nre/rosila Walk.)
Colorado. G. M. List (February 20): 'ruit tree leaf -:.'ll rs are scarce.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Frcar;, 19): -_.s are abundant in Utah County and
moderately abundant in northern Utah..
AF"-I:S (Aphii o-7
New Jersey. R. C. 2--r-dette, B. F. Drio:c-s, and C. C. H-imilton (February 26):
E-.. of .,n anhids (A--hi. i-.,=.i DeG.) anr rosy auf-.ids (Ar.urac-iAs
roses Baker) are moderrately abundant.
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Kentucky. W. A. Price (February 23): Aphid eggs are very abundant in
orchards rcnerally over the State.
Idaho. C. Wakeland (Foebruary 20): Orchard aphids are reported by fruit
growers as being already hatched.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (February 19): Fruit aphid eggs are moderately
abundant in northern Utah.
SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.)
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (February 21): The San Jose scale is now very much
more abundant on peach trees than usual at Fort Valley. The percentage
of live scales at the present time is a little lower than usual, which
no doubt is due to low temperatures. A minimum of 14.40 F. was recorded
on January 30. There have been three cold spells during the winter. Of
4,100 scales examined on February 17 and 19, 3,301 were found to be alive.
C. H. Alden (February 21): Some crawlers have been observed this winter
at Cornelia. There are none at this date, probably on account of the
Kentucky. W. A. Price (Febcruary 23): There has been a marked decrease in
the numbers of the San Jose scale over last year.
Michigan. R. Hutson (Febr.ary 23): The San Jose scale is moderately abun-
dant; re-orted from as far north as Shelby and Hart.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (February 19): The small percentage of the San
Jose scale that survived the winter of 1932-33 developed rapidly during
the summer and, aided by a lon- growing season, established quite
severe infestations on many trees and shrubs in the several counties in
Wisconsin where this pest now exists.
Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (February): The San Jyse scale is very
abundant in Lee, Finds, Bolivar, and Washirgton Counties. Some trees
have been killed. Crawlers were noticed until the cold wave of the
week of December 25.
Idaho. R. W. Haegele (February 21): Winter mortality is negligible in
Zouthv.'ezstern Idaho. The scale showed increase during 19331.
APPLE MIAGGOT (Rhagoletis pomonella Walsh)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (Froruary 15): During the last week in January we
received from Burt County several specimens of apples showing heavy
injury by the apple imn.,ot.
LESSE_ PEACT-1 CrR (Aegeria pictioes G. & R.)
Mississippi. J. Milton (February 19): Tne lesser peach tree borer was in-
juring trees rather badly in a small home orchard near Florence, .'ir'-in
County, in December.
PL'.: :TC-JLIO (Corotrnc..nl c -. I -,n*" oost.)
J,- r.ia. 3. '.. Al,:. (F, ..-., .'r1): T -i. c :,.. 1 ic i sti l i-. r.iberna-
;.:m:LY PLUM.: APHI' (F1,"louter"s r rjr di i s Fac.)
Crl i :-r:in. L. :.m. S .it:. (Te r'.m- ry 27) : T. '.e-l uol.. ac'i., '. ",r_ ji
(3co, ffr.") is .n* .c.-" lly .i'* in ,pru,,e orc:.' a'ds in S-n Jo..n'in County.
S :. ',': r..t-r,: e...-s ':.r,-:. s :. t .r t,-.e tr.'.'c s t.-.:i. t:Lcre '..ave ce,-r. in t .e
rvst 4 c, c, rs.
ROSE SCALE (A1.'r",s".'i rev<" "-',aice)
II>. L:"_r.ka. I.:. ".. S'r.t." (? L r.,.rv 1i-): D n.,ri :.. t".,c s, con-i wcek in ?,_ ruary
a Ri ,.r.dc,-n Co-int" ',_-rr.:sir,. rt s .;-t i:. s-'-c n b,:Cry c, nres :.cavily
ir. f t.-,.- -i t'.,i t:..,, ro s- J _i ^ i.
^F^^P : .i. ..r : ", .., a ., .
APPLE T.IG- CrR (Am:...:c .at. s.;.')
.i s~i i:,
".:': re,'ci.ve- fr'Tmi ,avr: "c orn C'_.'..e Ca.-. t:;, -, d rA .i -.i :.] -.LAa, Ye-,s,'.oba
.. .,- t ,, a fc' v A- -a
"' t i F! ICE.".' C', ,_. ., .
FLC RID "r.. SCALS (Crr:^,cr4.tti jzm ura L.)
SFlnrid'-. -.. '1 .tsr (Fc!rr'ry 2'3) .' Florida rei scale is ,u-- rltely
CAT. .IC17 C 7 .ZED SCALE (Chr;,.. S "IT <.'1 ":r-rti i :rsi..).
C:.lif':r.it. L. J.-rr- (?r: r': ;, ): :' r'. c' e n .r.dium
':n.r;*! ;':,r-ri .:-- ; I:] ] 'iF c i *r t:.r-': 2 r. -u..".t Orx'r,,z' : '"t, rLn cv,;'.' :err'".er
r-r.i r,?:,,.,,..,r I- ,,. In', '.r;.i n L t, +L r. r sca-le i'; .rt *i. slight
S c . t .. .. .. ..... .?i '" : tr.rou._h-
St S:-'.te '- c-.."; C", t,' I i* r.:.t:t rc s menior. .n..... li ,-n citrus
inL 3'".- .: C -nt.,.
.--"T ... 1" f7 .S t 1 ,j )
C']i"ni'r.-, 2,. L ,T,-.r. -. (:--',"r ) T i r r "m :.rz:ir r 'cnnv tn lack
S.. T T. r. .ri*.. . ,: L ." l,'- .. :; ..* ,' .: ,r ." t 'lack
"..i:-:, 7 ', v'iti. V ""c:. Cettc "' '. t . .. '.t CY".ctL' d. rir- t" e ,irly
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- 13 -
PI1RPLE SCALE (Lenidosa-nhes beckli Tewn.)
California. M. L. Jones (February 7): Reported as causing medium damage in
citrus throughout Ornnge County and severe damage locally on citrus
throu-..'out Santa 3arbara Couinty during ITovember and December 1933.
CITRICOLA SCALE (Coccus pseucomo.noli rum K-,w.)
California. M. L. Jones (January 17): The citricola scale was reported as
causing medium damage to 39,000 acres of citrus generally in Tulare County
during December 1933.
ITA.LIA PEAR SCALE (Dias-is wricola Del G.)
California. M. L. Jones (February 7): In Sonoma County the Italian pear
scale e;-,., c,-'isrn, severe damage to 3,000 acres of prime, apple, and near
trees locally during December 1933. The NTapa County correspondent reports
the brown apricot scale, Lecani.um corni Bouche, and the Italian 'pcar scale
as causin- medium damr-i.:e to 15,000 acres of prunes generally during
December. He notes that there has been a decided increase in the amount
of spray material used throughout the county on these two pests, owing
to a good price for the crop for the past year. He estimates that approx-
imately 25 percent of the orchards in the county will be sprayed in 1934.
CITRUS .7HITETL (Dialeurodes citri Riley & How.)
Florida. J. R. Watson (February 26): The citrus whitefly is moderately -
Mississippi. G. I. Worthington (Febrr-ar-, 18): Slight infestation by the
whitefly was noticed on gardenia at Cleveland in January.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (February 21): The whitefly is moderately abundant
at Audalusia on gardenia.
BLACK CITRUS APHID (Toxotera aurantiae Boyer)
California. M. L. Jones (February 7): The black citrus aphid was common
on citrus in Orange County in November and caused slight damage generally
to citrus in December 1933.
CITRTS RUST MI:E (Phyllocoptes oleivorus Ashni.)
Florida. J. R. V? tson (Febrary 26): The dry weather of the first nort of
the winter was responsible for an unusually heavy infestation of rust
mites; at the same time it checked nearly all growth on young trees in
the central part of the State, with the result that the green citrus
aphid (Aohis spiraecola Patch) is rather scarce at the present timrre.
CITRUS =:D SPIDER (Paratetraviyc.-.uc citri ?,'cG.)
California. M. L. Jones (February 7): Damage by the citr-us red sider was
general on citrus in November and medium locally on citrus in December
1933 in Oran:e County. Reported as severe on 39 acres of citrus locally
in Santa Barbara County. The red spider, with the red scnle (C.>rysom-nhalue
aur',.tii),was scarce on 16 ,-r-s of citrus locally durin- December in
Santa Barbara County. In San Dit,-.o County the ci-rrs rcd snidor was
scarce generally on lemons during Doccrrm.tcr.
COON RD SPIDE'R (Tetranychus tclrius L.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 24): J. P. Kislanko r,-.orted that he had
observed heavy red spider infestation on Satsuma tr.'es.
A TORTRICID (Amorbia essiana Busck)
California. M. L. Jones (January 17): The avocado tortrix i' reported as
causing damage generally on avocados in San Diego County.
FULLRtS ROS3 BEETL (ABEcE:vTEs g-!7n1i Crotch)
California. M. L. Jones (Febriary 7): Fullers rose w-vrvil (Parit -oras
godmani) was reported as causing severe d-,r:iago :cn,.':'.clly .-r: citrus,
avocados, and ornamentals in Santa Barbara County during Drcccrrbcr; nlso
reported as doing slight damage locally on citrus nd corr.ne.ntals in
San Diego County.
LATAYIA SCALE (Aspidiotus lataniae Sign-.)
California. M. L. Jones (February 7): The latania scile was reported as
causing slight dariage locally on avocados in San Diego Co Ir.ty during
PAPAYA FRUIT FLY (Toxotrypana curvicauda Orerst.)
Florida. H. T. Ferr.-Id (Fbruary 14): T apa:a fruit fly is doing con-
siderable damage at Orlando to the fruit of the peapya. I ..ve seen it
reported from near Mia, ai.
A SP":I:-D (Erinnyis alope Drury)
Florida. J. R. Watson (December 9, l'"): T..is solvnx is very abundant on
a plantation of prr-vas at L'il- Alfred.
TRUCK-CROP IN SECTS
VEGETABLE WEEVIL (Listroderes obliquus Gyll.)
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (February 21): The vegetable weevil was moderately
abundant on turnip tops at Auburn in December 1933; at Flamton, January
23; at Vinegar Bend, January 15; and on turnip tops and bulbs at McKenzie,
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 21): Thus far the vegetable weevil has
attracted less attention than during the past three or four years.
Specimens of the larvae or complaints of their injury have been received
from Florence in Rankin County, Lauderdale in Lauderdale County, Tyler-
town in Walthall County, and Bude in Franklin County. The first speci-
mens to be received at this office during the present season were
collected on January 25 at Lauderdale. (February 24): J. P. Kislanko
indicated that the weevil had caused severe damage to turnips in Jones
and Stone Counties and some injury in Forrest County.
California. M. L. Jones (December 1933): The Humboldt County Commissioner
reports the vegetable weevil as causing slight damage on vegetables in
a field of approximately one half acre. The insect is established in
this county in a very limited area. The known infestation is within an
area of two or three acres. Inasmuch as the infestation is confined to
this small area, an eradication program is being attempted.
SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)
Virginia. H. G. Walker (February 261: The 12-spotted cucumber beetles were
Active in fields of kale and spinach .In the Norfolk area on January 25.
Florida. J. R. Watson (February 26): The spotted cucumber beetle is ..
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (January 29): The spotted cucumber beetle is
moderately abundant on beans at Irvington and Auburn.
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 20): A few spotted cucumber beetles are out
at Baton Rouge.
Texas. F. L. Thomas (February 21): The spotted cucumber beetle is present in
a half acre of English peas at Sugarland, but it is not as abundant as
D. balteata Lec.
STRIPED CUCUMBER BEET:LZ (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 20): The striped cucumber beetle is very
abundant on late English peas at Baton Rouge.
Alabama. J. U. Robinson (February 21): The striped cucumber beetle is scarce
WESTERN SPOTTED CUCUIB3fR BEETLE (Diabrotica soror Lec.)
Oregon. D. C. Mote (February 23): Adults have showed up in clover fields
California. A. E. JMichelbacher (February 19): This beetle has been present
in fair numbers all winter.
SSED COPN MAGGOT (Hylemyia cilicrura Rond.)
Yississippi. C. Lyle (February 21): The seed corn ma-got has attracted the
attention of early gardeners at various places. Injury to seeds and
young plants in gardens was reported from Fogue Chitto in Lincoln
County on January 9, injury to cabbage at Star in Rankin County and
Edwards in Hinds County was reported on January 25, and a grower at
Pasca:oula in Jackson County reported severe injury to young English
pea plants on February 3.
Texas. F. L. Thomas (February 21): The seed corn maggot is at present
causing slight injury to spinach at Dickinson, Galveston County, and
Winterhaven, Dimmit County.
SAY'S STIIUZ BUG (Chlorochroa sayi Stal)
California. A. E. Michelbacher (February 19): Say's plant bug has been
present in fair numbers all winter.
SOUTEd: GRE17 STI-K BUG (Nezara viridula L.)
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 21): A pair was observed mating at Baton
FLOWER THRIPS (Frankliniella tritici Fith)5
Mississip-,i. M. M1. High (January 2): The wheat or grass thrips was found
very abundant attacking cucumber and teans, and lesz numerous on tomato
in Gulfport greenhouses. The writer has never before found this thrips
so abundant on cucumber. The injury was severe only in one house where
adults and larvae were numerous.
A .:OLZ CRICKET (Gryllotalpa sp.)
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (February 16): Mol- crickets are moderately abundant
in vegetable gardens at Brundidge.
TOMATO PIN WO1.: (Gnorimoschema 1yropersicella Busck)
Pennsylvania. C. A. Thornm-s (February 21): Dr. Gu:,yton's inspectors found the
to, ito pin wormn near k,.-.v Castle, Lawren2e County, which is not far from
thej Ohio border.
Correction: TY. note on G. lcorersi2cll;, Pusck, in the Summary for 1933,
p. 335, Insect Pest Survcy Bulletin, choull be southeasternn Pennsylvania"
instead of "northeastern" in the second linc.
MEXICAN BEAN ZEETLE (Epilachna corrupt Muls.)
Ohio. X. F. Howard (February 16): The percentage of survival of overwintering
Mexican bean beetles drop-oped considerably between January 16 and January
31. The intervening cold wave, when te-eratures fell below zero, was
at least partly responsible for this increase in mortality.
BANDED CUCUMBER BEETL:ES (Diabrotica balteata Lec.)
Texas. F. L. Thomas (February 17): This beetle is moderately abundant in a
half acre of English peas at Su-carland.
CABBAGE APHID (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (January 1): Cabbage and turnips at Bude, Franklin
County, were reported as moderately infested with plant lice.
G. I. Worthington (February 18): The cabbage aphid has been general
throughout the winter on turnips, collards, and cabbage in Sunflower,
Bolivar, Washington, and Coahomrna Counties.
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 20): The cabbage aphids are fairly
abur.:lant on the older cabbage.
CAPEAGE WE--WCiR, (Hellula undalis Fab.)
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (February 21): On October 2, 1933, the turnip webworm
was reported moderately abundant on turnips at Gadsden and. Auburn. On
turnips and collards at Dadeville.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 21): Rape was rather heavily infested at
Sessums, Cktibbeha County, in Novefmbeor 1933.
M3LON APHID (Aphis gossrpii Glov.)
Mississippi. M. M. High (January 2): The melon aphid was found fairly
abundant on cucmb.crs, from about mature plantings to plants only a
few inches high. In places, both old and young cucumbers were seriously
ONION THRIPS (Thrips tabaci Lind.)
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 22): Onion thrips were observed killing
onion seedlings in large spots in seed beds at Angola in January and at
Opelousas on February 22.
**TATE PbANT aO~f
GREEN PEACH APHID (Iyzus persicae Sulz.)
Virginia. H. G. Walker (February 26): A very heavy outbreak of the spinach
aphid occurred on spinach, kale, and collards at Norfolk, beginning about
December 15, 1933, causing, serious injury until about thie 10th to the
15th of January 1934. Diseased and deal a-hids were present in the
field almost from the beginning of the outbreak, but the fungous disease
did not bOein to be effective until about Jnu-rry 9, and then, in a
period of 5 or 6 days, it killed at least 95 percent of th.- anhids in
the Norfolk trucking area.
A WEEVIL (2lxerodes sD.)
SFlorida. J. R. Watson (November 24, 1933): Weevils were heavily infesting
re-pers in Dade County at Iiaimi. (Determined by L. L. Buchauar., who says:
"This tropical or subtropical genus has not 'ren re-,ortr-d from the
United States heretofore. The Florida specimens are very close to and
probably identical with an unidentified Cuban s-;ecies in the National
Museum collection. A related species from Ce;-.tral America is labeled
as having been in stem of pepper plant, and also 'from eggplant'.") .
Florida. F. S. Chamberlin (January 31): This weevil,retorted as causing .
/ injury to po;piers in Dade County the past season., c'-juld be found in
- only one small pepp-er patch this month.i(
STAJ7 I--ERY I,,ITE (Tarsonenas frag-,riae Zi.rn.)
California. -. ,. Smith (February 23): The strawberry nit-. has been unu.suallyJ
a-ur.dant in the "Thtsonville, Santa Cruz, n.-. San Jose districts of
California. The winter has been abnormally w.rmL Pnl the ::,ite did .iot
'o ito hibernation, but c-.ntiuud to bre :a an lI.. eg-s tr-roghout the
2YET L:,ArH'KFPS (Lutc ttix tn J,l lus lak.)
Idaho. R. 7. Haegele (Fe'ruary 21): T-he beet lE._'h-r-"T r is scarce in
sout'-%.,ster Idaho. .:ild wir and go-d hib,-r.Rtng conditions
resulted, in early spring populations ab ut tri. same as last fall. The
populations, however, arc very s:'Hll.
Utah. C-. F. Knowlton (Fcbrjiry 19): Beet lt.af'i.o--'rs arc scarce to moderate
l, abundant in northern Utah.
FOREST AND SHADE-TREE INSECTS
GYPSY I1,:TH (Porthetria dis7ar L.)
Massachusetts. Monthly Letter Bur. Ent., No. 236 (January): C. W. Collins,
of the Melrose Highlands field laboratory, reports that the unusually
cold weather that prevailed in Iei England from December 28 to December
30, inclusive, was undoubtedly fatal to eggs of the gipsy moth in
sections of the infested terri-tory where they were in exposed situations,
unprotected by snow, ice, or other material.
J. N. Summers has stated that an exposure of between -20 and -25o F. is
necessary to kill entire egg clusters of the gipsy moth, although some
eggs in each cluster may be killed by an exposure to -15.
BRJTJ-TAIL MOTH (:Ty-mia phaeorrhoea Don.)
Vermont. Div. of Forest Insects, Bur. Ent. (February 23): An examination of
40 hibernating webs of the brown-tail moth collected in four separate
localities in Vermont in early February showed a total mortality of
the hibernating larvae in all but one web taken at Ryegate. It is
believed that this single web, which contained 230 living and 9 dead
larvae, was protected by snow or otherwise during the cold weather.
Massachusetts. Monthly Letter Bur. Ent., No. 236 (January): There probably
was some mortality of the small brown-tail moth caterpillars in their
winter webs. Records of experiments and observations indicate tLct
the caterpillars of the brown-tail moth in their winter nests can with-
stand slightly lower temperatures than can gypsy moth eggs. Records
furnished by the Boston office of the Weather Bureau show that
temperatures of -20 F. and below occurred in December at certain points
throughout the territory generally infested.
Virginia. H. G. Walker (February 26): Winter webs were more plentiful in
the State than at any time since 1915. Tests were found in all towns
bordering the Connecticut River from Barnet south to Massachusetts and
in two adjoining towns to the west. Approximately 1,100 nests were
taken in a control project covering these towns. Indications point to
a high percentage of mortality among the hibernating larvae.
EjROP'A:T PI:7E SHOOT ,1OTH (Rhyacionia buoliana Schiff.)
Massachusetts. Div. of Forest Insects, Bur. Ent. (February 23): In the
Boston infestation of the Euro-oan pine shoot moth two lots of 100
infested pinch sI.oots each, collected in two different localities,
showed a survival of only I psrc'e,t.
Missouri. A. F. Satterthwait (February 12): Y:ale moths are unusually notice-
able the last week of January and the first week of February. Thus far
this year none have been observed or reported.
L. Haseman (February 20): :.'.lo moths were on the wing in great numbers
during the night of February 16 at Columbia, but two days later a light
blizzard struck which has nut been so good for them.
FALL CANKMR WOPM (Alsophila pometaria Harr.)
Connecticut and. New York. E. P. Felt (March 1): Zg wc-re deposited in;
extraordinarily larTe nu..'rs last fall in southwestern, C-'nnecticut,
southeastern :TUc: York and western L'mg Island in particular, and the
probabilities are that the outbreak may approach in rr.a:rnituie the. almost
unprecedented one of last year.
SOUT:TF _:T P11-, B-7LE (Dernlroctonus frontelis ZiL...
Virginir -nr Penr.sylvnia. Div. of Forest Insects, Bur. -nt. (February 16):
Four days of unusually cold weather in the last we..-k in December resulted
in a mortality of from 70 to 90 percent of the br-od of the southern
pine beetle in a concentrated infestation near Fairfax, Va. The br'o.
in all of the trees was kill-iA, except in the thicker bar:ke I, orti ns of
the larger trees. It is very likely that the later c )ld period of the
last two weeks has resulted in added mortality, As the cggs are consider-
ably more resistant to cold than Any other stat,--, it is f'ar.-d that a
safe mortality has not yet occurred. Th.e inf st-.ti.'n, which duarinC t/-.e
recent mild seasons has extended up thrcu.ih Virfirnia wellc-11 into Pennsylvani4
has recciv.d a very decided setback by low te:--- r.-tu-'es, as a very lre
percentn;oe cf the overwintering forms have bccn killed by th':- cali in
CAR::-NT-R ITOm: (Frionoxystus robiniae Peck)
Nebrasi:a. V. H. Swen'" (February 15): A report of a c.nsidcrable infestation
of ash trees in Nuckolls County was received carly. in January.
J5,0n-A-I ELLI,: SCALE, (Gossyaria s-,:_ria C,:cd.'
Colorado. G. I.. List (F<,bruary 20): T' :.ropean *17 scale nas increased
during, th, last year or two, and the open wint--r `1-s :not caused a very
high mortality; so we expect it to I- nore injurious thLn usual.
A I'(T0r.2! (Dasylo hia .rriinia A. & S.)
Alnlaaia. J. i,:. Robinson (February 21): D. an.-uir.a rc,: -rt d moderately abundant
at Oak Hill on October 14, 1933. (A notodonti'l mrzh !noin to feed on
locust Pnd other le .im s. J A. H.) :
GLOCYi' SCAL, (Chr'som.halus tenebricosus Co:nst.)
North Carolina. Z. P. LI. tcaif (February. 19): The .-loomy scale onr maples is [
more ab .-,tr.r.t t-,,n for -.h, rast few years. A few s:-ccincmns are parasitized'
CALIFORNIA _Ik WDRTI.: (Phryganidia californica Pack.)
California. 14. L. Jones (February 7): The California oa': moth is reported
as scarce on oaks locally in San Diego County.
ITIFIE :rTZDLF SCALE (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)
Colorado. G. M. List (February 20): Many more reports than usual of the pine
leaf scale are being received. These come from practically all sections
of the State. There has been a very marked increase of this insect the
last two seasons.
A PIZ6E SAWYER (Monochamrs- spp.)
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (January 5): Pine sawyers are very abundant at Blount
SCALE IiSECTS (Chionaspis spp.)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (February 15): Reports were received from Garden
County late in January that the black willows in that region were
severely infested with a scale insect; from the description it was
evidently either Chionaspis ortholobis Comst. or C. salicis-nigrae Walsh.
INSECTS AFFECTING GREENHOUSE
AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
BEET ARi'WORM (Larjhy-ra e;:"iua Htn.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 24): On February 21 J. P. Kislanko collected
some larvae from fuchsias at Hattiesburg; they have been identified as
A TORTRICID LJAF-TIi: (Platynota stultana Wlsm.)
California. H. J. Ryan (JaQrary 22): Collected on cyclamen in two nurseries
in Los Ane-les County and reported doing considerable damage by mining
and tying the leaves together. The larvae were quite abundant on some
of the plants.
A 7ITITJLID (Conotelus obscurus Erichson)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 21); Small beetles identified by J. .. Langston
as C. obscurus were reported as extrem-iely abundant in the blossoms of
dahlias, asters, and chrysantherams in a garden at Meridian, Lauderdale
County, on Nov-. i. r 4. The spe'-cies was also very abundant in dahlia
blossoms at State CollLq, during the fall.
CO:.oIrY-CUSH IO 3CALE (Icerya purchase Mask.)
Alabama. J. :,. Robinson (Fcbr.iry 21): The cottony-cushion scalt: was moderately
abiiundant on mi-.jsa at Dothan on Nove:mber 6, 1933.
Arizona. C. D. Lebcrt (February 19): A few cottony-cushion scul-s have been
found on citrus and ornamentals in the vicinity of Phoenix. Infestations
seem much lighter than in previous years.
C_ .'...,R SCAI., (Asr.idiitus destructor Sign.)
SFlorida. E. W7. merger and J. C. Goodwln (February 22): T-h destructor scale
is moderately abundant alon; the lower eastern coast.
I.""'UGS (Pseudococcus spp.)
Nebraska. M. E. Swenk (January 1 to Febr1-.F:.' 15): Complaints of infestations
of house plants by P. citri Risso were received during the period here
California. E. 0. Essig (Febr:ary 27): ::ealybugs ere a iundant in all gardens
in the San Francisco Bay rF., -ion, and have been all winter.
GR--HGUs: :T-IFLY (Trialeurodes vaporariorumn Westw."
Utah. &. F. Knowlton (February 1): Greenhnuse w.hi.teflies are dama ing
fuch'sia and Jerusalemr cherry at Yost,
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (February 19): Some of our florists are having
unusually great inconvenience in their greenhouses becaus i of aats, which
seem to be responsible for the distribution and encourag.er.ient of the
various scale insects and plant lice, principally meal.'7u;s on ponies
A I .:'T-: (Sciara inconstans Fitch)
Nebra.':7'. 1. H. Swenk (January 1 to FC-ruary 15): During tr.e o'riTi here
covy red, housewives complained frequently of infestations uf th.e soil of
house plants with lar-':s, of the fickle midge and also r-n nburdance of the
adult midges in the house. These complaints were mos- numerous in mid-
January and came from all sections of sout..eaetern eras',:a.
ABB OP.VI TA:
Ar.%---VI7AE A-=3ID (Dilachnus thujafilirn'l- Del G.)
Mississir-oi. C. LyIle and assistants (February): Durin,: Jan'iari, spc.cir.tns
f tlie arborvitae aphid taken fr., arcorvitae wore r> CLi'.' frI., ri Woodland,
Chickasaw County, and Clinton, ind Cunty. Rather h-..' inf stat ions
were rcport(ed in each instance. '-.is ahid has been .-,nr, 1 and scL-re
thro "'..Lut the winter and iat. fal! in the northeastern ,.:'rt of t,:. State.
B OC-: OOD
BOXWOOD LEAF :i".Z (Monarthropalpus buxi Labou.)
West Virginia. F. W. Craig (February 21): I am serdir-- a twig from a boxwood
infested with what I take to be the boxwood leaf .irior, collected in the
east end of the city of Charleston. (Det. W. 2'iddleton.)
C.A: :- 2 1A
CA.LLIA SCALE (Leidosaphes cmaelliae Hoke)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 21): Camellia japonica leaves showing a heavy
infestation were received from Aberdeen, Monroe County, on February 16.
TEA SCALE (Fiorinia theae Green)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 21): Camellia japonica leaves showing more or
less heavy infestation of the tea scale have been received during the
past few weeks from Lauderdale, Lmite, Copiah, and Mor.roe Counties.
U01jrof::US SCALE (Chionasois euonymi Comst.)
North Carolina. Z. P. Metcalf (February 19): The euonymus scale is unusually
abu;.^-t in the eastern part of the State.
M.ississippi. J. Milton (February 19): The euon'nus scale is very abundant on
euonyimns on the old Capitol Grounds in Jackson.
T.A ''.C S SUS
A BULB FLY (Eumerus narcissi Smith)
United States. R. Latta (January 19): The species is quite common in bulb
districts in California, but only one specimen had been found in Oregon,
on a large bulb ranch near Portland. In 1931 one pair was collected in
a 7recrjrouse on Long Island, N. Y., by Blanton and Spruijt. During the
past summer a single .ale was collected at Morning Sun, Iowa, by Helen
Latta, from flowers near a bed of naturalized daffodils.
POLKA DOT WASP MOTH (Syntomeida epilais Walk.)
Florida, J. R. Tatson (December 1933): We received larvae from as far north
as Daytona Beach, where they were said to be very atuyiAnt. T.c, were
sent in from Orlando, feeding on Carissa grcndiflora./ Contifnued to be
injurious to oleanders all winter. Reports have come from as far north
as Daytona Beach and Clermont, in Lake County.
H. T. Fernald (February 14): Somebody from GaLniesville last fall reported
the injury to olear.durs by the caterpillars of S. eoilais >7slk. var.
jucundissi:-na Dyar. This insect was also very abundant around Orlca.-ido.
Uc': the moths nre: arppen-.rir.g .nd laying, th-ir e!7c- -.4r.d the eggs laid
earliest havt: :ir 1riy run to hatch. I raised sj..-. of th.: caterpillars
last fall ar.i ot t..,:- au,.its last ,t-':.: a.,d this, s) trir, is no doutt as
to what t ,r1 t :rpFi Llarr t I r.v, also rai:-d'i fr-,m 'he safl; cagt,
which contai..- :J Yti.. c-i:. b.it snr.i, thr.ree fli-s wnicr no ioa-ct are
parasites. b-t. c' J. :.:. Al '-ich as Ac.etore-ira .n.
E. ,7 B3 rger :,J. J. C. Go':irin ',,etr'- -' .;2,i : 7. oct ini .--r r?.t rnillar
is moderat,1:' to vu;' .....aa..t in Jert-ir. localities in Hillsborough,
Pinsllas, ,ant Polk Coui.ti.. s.
Y .A mU.WSVIL ( _.h'yLch-ho::s crcr-citntus -a':.)
Florida. E. W. PcvF, r n.' J. C. "-,.iwiii 'tr -r 22): The palmetto weevil
.- is mo.cratel., to ve':. ab _n.lint alonr t.- low.'er eastern coast, on
'T ~ a 1- _- t _
CYCLA'-" ,il Tars-",..xus rail ius o'ts.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chamc rs (FP r ar:' lj: 7e hav. had .sev..-eral complaints of
injury to viol *ts n-,i hav ivetit- s of ths- ca'-s, >.ich prove
.... ,,= i.:t -,I s,m:r,,ni of tl-. se- cas-es,
to be dcm '- E "* K..'. c;,clarn-,,n i'.itct for::in-r callss in the flovwc-r stem and
dtforming th. tlom.-,i
I N S E C T S A T A C K1: I:: 11 A AN A IT D
S0 ,: S T I C A I I A: A L S
;.1C',$ '- I f,',:0 g "i, C I 1 c ic-; e ..
Missouri. L. Has -an i(F.'.c.-riar; 32):, Cxra.-on snezics of r.osouitoes hibcrnating
in basements rc-ean to ::n.ve. out i-irin- the very s-rinrli&-. days of
Fetr-ary 16 and 1" .just ar.' at of the- present cold spell.
Mississippi. G. -. W:,irthin-ton (F., -r-;.:,' I':., 1.,'.,-qmitL.c7 were .--eneral until
January 1 in .ildi.,-s as
Utah. G. F. Knol:ton ,F-t:.ruary T': Fir.t a-nd sco.-'l instar mosquito wigglers
were picked up y,.st--ray in m.rsh-c at Flue Crt.k.
I-:'.U 1. 1 .rt:.riu=s L.
lebraska. M. H. Swer,< (C-.r'ruary 15': Irnquiri-' s ns to the c.,ntrol of bedbugs,
especially in .e.i.''n houses and br,,ders, a'irc recc iv,- 1 i.r1nr the
period from Ja:,;ary to 2". Trs,-- ca.e -reo-, southeast ,rn ,c: raska.
DOG FLEA (Ctenocephalides canis Curt.)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk ( .'^^aL'y 15): During the second week in February
several inquiries were received from northeastern Nebraska, from Thurston
and Douglas counties west to Antelope and Buffalo Counties, asking
about the control of fleas, presumably C. canis, in houses, barns, an i
RAT LEA (Ceratophyllus fasciatus Bosc.)
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (February 21): Rat fleas were moderately abundant at
Montgomery on November 13, 1933.
North Canolina. Z. P. Metcalf (February 19): Ants are generally abundant and /
throughout the State.
Alabama. J. :,. Robinson (February 21): Ants were reported on January 8 as very
abundant in houses at Birmingham and on Januiary 22 as very abundant around
fruit trees at Birmingham.
TROPICAL EAT '.,IT- (Liponyssus bacoti Hirst)
Texas. E. W. Laake (January 24): One infestation of rat mites was reported
during December 1933 and January 1934 at Dallas and vicinity.
Oregon and Washington. H. H. Stage (October and November 1933): The tropical
rat mite has been a serious pest to C.W.A. employees in the vicinity of
Olympia, Wash. Thoy persisted on the bodies for some time and caused
large welts and swellir,-s in the neck and shoulder parts. These mites
bere also annoying in flop houses in Portland, Oreg., during October and
H CR: S! -_
HORSE B'OTFLY (Gastroohilus intestinalis DeG.)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (January 1 to February 15): A Dawson County correspondent
reported prevalent trouble with the cc.nnon horse bots (G. intestinalis) in
his locality during the early part of Jenuary.
A BLACK FLY (Simulium occidentalis Townsend)
Iowa. C. J. Drake (February 19): The black fly, _S. occidentalis, is pupating
in Plymouth and Sioux Counties. Infestation is very heavy in Big Sioux
and Black Rivers and their tributaries.
PIC-N FLY (Pseudolynchia maura Bigot)
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (February 21): Pi7eon flies are moderately abundant .
at St. Elmo on pif -ons.
H 0 U:S E H 0 L D A N D S ? 0 R E 2 P 0 : T: C T S I I1 S C T S
':rR:,Il' S (iT oy'u.ra,
Alabama. J. Robinson (February 21): T.rmites wimre mo.erctly ab.ir.dant at
Mobile on Janua.ry 1 in a dwelli:.. a:.i o::-. J:.r:: -.t Sl-a i.: a church;
also Janu:ry 15 at Wetu.np.- in chr.. .Lrs't.,r.irn st '-s.
Mississippi. C. L:'e (Fe.brary 21): ... ny litt.rs r..-v bCen receiv'.di du.rinr
the past few months coimlainirn of in..ry t -.;usr's ,y tt-:r-.ites.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (January 1 to, Fetriar- 15,': A Lancaster Conr.y
correspondent reported an inf:-tat in- of the- cor.-,n ter.ite R-_c t iculitermnes
tibialis Bks. during the second w.el in Ja.nary.
Texas. E. W. Lake (January 24): Six i:'):-tat i:ns of ttermitLs ,'ere rerorteid
during December 1933 and Ja.:u.r;,' l1:-4 at rallas a-.:i vicinit:-.
BOXZLEr _.'- (Lept;,c ris trivit.-ctuz Say;'"
Illinois. W. P. Flint (February 1',: R-ports of a'-..-,"n...C by box;l.c-r bugs
u.-..:lly cease by the middle of !yj.::nbtr. This -;'i.ntr vc havt. had reports
of annoyance from these insects d':rin- :11 if ti-. '..int, r monh..
Kentucky. W. A. Price (Febr.,ry 23): ClusTc s of b-.'xelder bugs a-_av. a rppared
on buildings in Lexin.ton, Co'.'i,.j.rt "..A RicLr. ..nd.
Iowa. H. E. Jaques (February 24): E..xelder b., s .r--. thickly, spri.-.:lcd cver
sIuthuastern I wa. It t as bet:.,. ..1." ,'bars si:.:e t;'-.. .Er s j a ..""a t,
and. our v:ry open winter has 7--.i i-. .i1. f.,r th.:.
Missouri. A. F. Satterthwait (Febr .,r:, 12'): ThE bc1:cllr -. has,. f. 'ji
frequent occasion durin,- this .:.: r t-. issue frno-, its hib. mrat ir.n
quarters both inside and outsit- f nru. c.
iTbraska. Y:. H. Swvc.- (January lit1 t r-.r"r 1i': _.,ri:-., the vw-ar.:. v.-catLeCr
of Jan'. ry an] early FRbruary :. z..l.i:.s :.' t:-. -:.....yi : ncti.'ity
of bux:i1der b.,,:s in the house . r, '. vi fr." ..r ':. r rs r.
wvect to _r..:kiin .n-i Bufftlo C.,:.iti. c.
0'.klahor.. C. F. Still s (Febiruary 24): -... ... r b.. i .ie its
:p'atronce in so-ne parts f t Sta-:. It v.':s r.r-.r us la-t fall.
Utah. G. F. Kn)wl ton (February 19': : .xel j..r bus arre abonlant andi an1,,'ing
in ':ir.: localities of n7rt.-.'rn ."a..
Calif jrnia. A. E. .ichelbacher (Fc'-.-ary 1'": T'.. e -xelier b:.. '-.as bten
present in fair numbers all w-L:'ter.
-; o ..e- (
as5O'acUrHtts. H. C. Purchase (Deck -. r 11f.l T:.iS. fall, while di -in.-:' in
tr- ,r n 1 t Avon, I cz wl acr -.s 1- . L r ;.f t. .js insects, -.nd
I fi d tint thev attack dahli.',s, in w-.ir.- t.., y sL.m. t:. h.,ve q-uit, an
interest, as they do considerable da-age to these plants. They go 'under-
neath the leaves of the dahlias in the cvenin-, and the following morning
the underside of the leaf is speckled with many brown spots and in a short
time the leaves wither and fall off. I also found a considerable number
of them around the roots of rose bushes, and they breed around the roots
of sweet williams.
California. A. E. Michelbacher (February 19): The European earwig has been
quite active for some time. On the 24th of December observations made at
Berkeley revealed nur..erous egg masses. On the 21st of January egg clusters
were found with great ease, and also rany recently hatched young were
CLUTSTEE FLY (Pollenia rudis Fab.)
Kentucky. W. A. Price (February 23): Cluster flies have appeared by thousands
in several residences in Fayette and Carlisle Counties.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 21): A grower at Bogue Chitto in Lincoln
County reported on January 22 that the Argentine ant (Iridcmyrmex humilis
Mayr) was burrowing into the crowns of his strawberry plants. This
species was also reported as very troublesome in Jackson. Ants, identified
by M. R. Smith as Tapinoma sessile Say, were moderately abundant during the
fall in the old Argentine ant infested area at Corinth, Alcorn County.
Fire ants, Solenopsis geminata x.yluni McC., were troublesome in houses
at Tupelo, Lee County, on December 14, and w 're found in large numbers
destroying woolen clothing at Mississippi State College on February 22.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (January 1 to February 15): The basement ant (Lasius
interjectus Mayr) was the subject of many inquiries from Omaha and Lincoln
citizens when the wing.d individuals emerged, during the period from
January 6 to February 15, especially during the third week in January.
CLOVER MITE (Bryobia praetiosa Koch)
Colorado. G. M. List (February 20): Inquiries in regard to the clover mite
entering dwellings have been very numerous during the rather open winter.
BEAN ==VIL (Acanthoscelides obtectus Say)
Nebraska. . S'en (Ja
Nebraska. M. H. Svwenk (January 1 to February 15): The usual number of
complaints of infestation of stored navy beans with the bean weevil were
received during the period here covered.-
PEA WEEVIL (Bruchus pisorun L.)
Oregon. D. C. Mote (February 23): The pea weevil passed the winter with
very little mortality.
IlSECT C.C.ITICONS IN PUERTO RICO UIU'IJG OCTOBER 1933 JAMIJARY 1934
San Juan Plant Quarantine Office.
A light infestation of larvae of Maruca testulalis Geyver was found in
the li:.an bean pods at Caguas on January 12, 1934. (A. S. Mills.;' J-et. 0.
Adults of Fhalonia subolivacea Wism. were reared iro'n flow'-r '.heads of
margarita at Guayam-a on December 25, 1933. (Det. A. 3usck) kA.S., .)
Adults of Plutella maculipgnnis Curtis were present in nurbers on cabbage
leaves at layarnon on January 1, 1934. (Det. A. B.) (.. G. Ar.nd--rsor..
A 1 percent infestation of larvae of Etlella zinck?:.Flla Tr. was found in
pigeon pea pods while exariL-ing five boxes at Isabela cn -L-cemCer 6, 1933.
(Det. C. H.) (A. G. Harley.)
Young shoots of Jasminuim sp. were thickly covered by Or.eiis pgmaea Fab.
and _Q. da,'I.,ata Brunn, at Mayaguez on November 24, 19-2.3. t. '.". Oman.
(A. G. H.)
A moderate infestation of Trito=-.rr-',r is 'irmrtrosiae os. w:.s on the leaves
of lettuce at Villalba on November 21, 1933. (:--t. P. 77. Mason. iR. G. 0Oakley
One E;r-ievine (Vitis vinifera) was rather lightly in.f st d with Anhis
illinoisonsis Shimer at Mayaguez on October 13, 1933. (Dt. ?. 7. .:. (A. G.H.)
AbIlts of T.ezt-ra viridula L. were common on fruit of tomato at Loiza on
November 27, 1933. (Dot. H. G. Barber.) (R. Faxon.)
COL rOipT r
Several adult Diabrotica annulata Suffr. were on 1t av. f s wild cucumber
vines at Villalba on October 26, 1933. (Det. H. S. Barbf-r.)
A few adults of Galerucella varicornis Weise were on Cordia s'ljcata leaves
at Ponce on December 5, 1933. (Det. H. S. B.) (R. G. 0.)
A larf-. number of Cerotoma rificornis Oliv. adults vi' r on sq-iash leaves
at A.-tain on December 4, 1933. (Det. H. S. B.) (R. G. C.)
A small number of Stelidota gFminata Say adults wer. ocn th. fruits of
orange at Ponce on Decemnber 9, 1933. (Det. E. A. Chapin. (R. G. 0.)
An adult L rhnopus coffeao Mshll. was ca',.:ht on a leaf of Meli.i sp. at
Ponce on October 0), 19.J (Dot. L. L. Buchanan.) (R. G. 0.)
An adult -'iar.rr..-- c.- psicalis Mshll. Was found on a leaf of carrot at
Villalba on 'Iovember 21, 193.. (Dot. L. L. ?..) (R. G.0.)
ArMyrr.lax albincisa Wied. adults were n-rmerous on banana leaves at
Guayama on December 24, 1933. (Det. J. M. Aldrich.) (A. S. M.)
Adults of Lixohlaga diatraeae Tns. were numerous on banana leaves at
Guayama on December 24, 1933. (Det. J. M. A.) (A. S. M.)
Many Agromyza caerulea Malloch adults were reared from flower heads of
margarita at Guayama on December 25, 1933. (Det. J. M. A.) (A. S. M.)
Psychodid adult, larvae, and pupae(P d all- ri Will.) were
reared from a dead cockroach which was lying in a wet position at Mayaguez
on October 13, 1933. (Det. Alan Stone.) (A. G. H.)
Nymphs of Ellipes minute Scudd. were common on leaves of cucumbers at
Caguas on November 17, 1933. (Det. A. N. Caudell.) (C. G. A.)
INSECT COTNDITIONS IN COSTA RICA OCTOBER 1 December 31, 1933
C. H. Ballou, San Jose, Costa Rica.
(Unless otherwise indicated, observations were made at San Pedro de Montes de Oca.)
Aulacaspis pen*ra 7cna Targ. was very abundant and severely damaging peach
during the time here covered, and observed damaging Diosoyros virginiana and
Hibiscus mutabilis. This scale was observed on peach at Gaudalupe, at San
Ysidro de Coronado, and at Paso Ancho de Stbastian in late November and early
Pseudococcus citri Risso was noted as damaging mandarin and orange during
the time here covered and during December was observed in injurious numbers on
Saissetia hemisphaerica TarP-. was noted in dara-ing numbers on Diospyros
kaki the last of October. Thec scale was being attended by Solenopsis gemrinata
Chryso.rmhalus dictyosopermi Morg. was noted in darr.-in numbers on rose
at Chapui on October 8. The scale was very abundant on and injurious to
orange the middle of December.
Toxoptera aurantiae Boyer damaged orange during the entire period.
Apis spiraecola Patch was appearing in injurious numbers on orange the
last of December. All stages were present.
Aphis Domi DeG. was noted as injurious to quince on November 28, 1933.
The chermid Freysu.ila ernstii Schrwaz was observed in injurious numbers
on Caoba (Guara caoba) the first of October, when all stages were present.
On October 10 the trees were sprayed with water, which remove-d the waxy
coating of ny-rphs, giving about 98 percent control.
MI SC ELLAL OUS HOI1C'PTERA
Membracis mexicana Guer. was present in injurious numbers durinW the
period here covered, guapinol (Hvymena'-a courbaril), guachipelin (Diphysa
robinioides), soursop, ani coffee being attacked. Eg-: scc-rs in coffee trees
were very numerous the last of December at Guadalupr and at San Francisco de
Ros Rios, as well as at S.an Pedro de :iontcs &e, Oca.
-.. Aconophora pallescens Stal was observedd damaging quince on December 26,
at which date all stages were present.
Antianthe expanse Germ. was noti'd daTa -;ing eggplant and nc-pper (Capsicum
annii) during the middle uf Novc-mber. It was also very abundant on anJ
injurious to pepper at Paso Ancho de San Sebastian the first of december.
HEM I P TTFA
Collaria oleosa Dist. was observed in injurious nur.bers on various
grasses during the period here covered.
Halticus canus Dist. was noted damagin.- P1hnselus vulg1ris luring
Stenomacra marginella K. S. was ,bzcr.ed in injurious numbers -'n
Persea americana and P. drymifilia.
Cry)topeltus notatus Dist. was *Is.rv.'ed .n tomato at Paso AnchC de San
Sab--tian as well as at San P,:iro de M.,.ntes de 0ca durin i. Decemb..?r.
Lenot:loscus zonat-is Dall. was n-tted dam-aifin,y asparagus d-iring Cct ber
and tomato durin.- December.
CG LE, ZD 77
Cerotoma rogersi Jac. injured s):ybean during the peri-,d here covered.
Epilachna virgata I:uls. was n'ted as very injuri-us t: dama (Citharexylum
caudatum) durirn.- the last :f Oct.,'cr.
-Titrix fuscata Jac.-Duv. was injurious to --.tat: during late October
and w, destroyiii:- the t-,r-.atj ci-rp by, the -;iidl: f -dcdi::'bLr. TLC bCe-etle was
also observed on tomato at P'is. Aincho 1. San S3-.1 sti.n r. Dcce-bc-r 1?.
Diabrotica num-.ularis Harzll w.',s d,-i'Aing tacaco .P1akousikia ta-aco)
during the middle of Oct..-r. Th,. b. -tlE was obs-rved rui:iir:,Z rsr.c at
Ch-.oi on October 8.
Nodonota lateralis Jac. was n,,t-d 'is i. ctr.T''ti'.'. t.. dahlia at Paso Ancho
de San S.-bastian on Octobr 1.!. N. iraz.en.sis Jac. was ircs'nt in inj-irious
numbers during the period here covered, attacking corn, soybean, guava,
beans, zinnia, camellia, bottle bush (Callistemon lanceolatus) and murta
(Calyptranthes costaricentis). It was observed at San Ysidor de Coronado
and Paso A.ncho de San Sebastian, as well as San Pedro de Montes de Oca.
The scarabaeid Gymnetis liturata Oliv., which scars fruit stems to
suck the juice, was observed da-nagiing avocado on Decermber 16.
Jocara claudalis Mosch. and J. subcurvalis Schaus appeared in injurious
numbers aon Persea americana during, October and December. Damage by J.
claudalis was also observed at Paso Ancho de San Sebastian during December.
Stenorrma sororia Zell. was observed injuring Persea amnericana during
the time covered by this report.
Caterpillars of Halisidiota underwoodi Roths, were observed injuring
plum (Pirunus cerasifera var. pissardi) on December 14.
Caterpillars of Leucinodes elegantalis Guen. were destroying a large
part of the fruit of the turmato tree all during the month of October.
A tettigoniid, Cocconotus ravus Rehn, was present in injurious numbers
during the period here covered. Cabbage, dracena (Corydyline term:inalis. and
Dracaena fragrans), geranium (Pelargonium sp.), granadilla (Passiflora
ligularis), Miltonia andresii, vaguita (a handsome orchid), and coffee were
being attacked. On No;vemer 27 it was observed injuring coffee at San
Francisco de Dos Rios.
Maggots of Anastrepha striata Schin. were observed on November 18
ruining the fruit of guava.
INSECTS COLLECTED AT VICOSA, IITAS GRAI3, BRAZIL
By E. J. Ha2,bleton
3scola Superior de Agricultura e Veterinaria, Vicosa, Minas Gerais.
Nodonota granosa Lef. ? (new to U.S.N.M.) was found attacking sunflower
on March 5, 1932. (Det. H. S. Barber.)
Stephanoderes braziliensis Hopk. was found attacking quince on :.'arch 4,
1932 (Det. M. W. Blackman) and attacking ::andioc on June 6, 1933.
Xyleborus affinus Eichh. was attackin:- palm on :" 19, 1933. (Det.
I. W. B.)
Haptonchus luteolus Er. was attacking citrus fruit on July 23, 1933.
(Det. E. A. Chapin.)
Gnathocerus cornutus Fjb. was attacking corn on Feb. 10, 1933. (Det.
2. z. C.)
-rop ordid-is Grouv.0) was attacking citrus frait on July. 23, 1933.
i, Z -t,. S. Fi s'.'3 rp..,
Lker-ts tctra.sl)pilutus LDc. was at-ackin,- citrus fruit on July,, 23, 1933.
,i et. ".7 3 7. .
T .sius pll inticus Ber.:. was attacking szInflorer on March 5, 1932. (Det.
H G. E.
Actr.c-nI-t'ea clara B. White- *.:s attacking citrus fr.lit on July 26, 1933.
(Bret. H. G. B.')
A.La.tta's D':.F'tiv,..t ris (Ash.) was at tackirni- rt hr ptera eTs on Aug-ast
20, 12:0. tL-et. A. P. C.than. )
TriY-hin'- s Diliventri. (2'.'r) was coll,-c'Id A--P.jt 39, 1-431; s--ec imens
foind attac.:ir.,- cu.rculi'.nii larva,-. JDt. A. o. . ( yhis arasite is one
of the I1-. rninrc iw'.ich are all su:,pos A to b. p r,-it<3 uf fi,7 inrU-cts, i. e.,
A.-aoni!a,.. A. 3. 0.)
tUrjl-,is '-ocidivorus Gahnnw;,s atta,'kirn., Ce'-ronlo-t--s s. on IL. 2, 1933.
i'r t I.: G.
Tri h.-r.ra j' nin-.it':L. (Ril..., irkl: race, r.,rr coll.t-3td on in.t ra.a eggs
on Ma:, 4, lu2. (:'et. A. E. G.'
S.;ilo'rclcis it'va'ulata Cress. was collected on Alabama ar-:illaCcea on
lM5,,y 1 li l. yLt. A. G..')
E-p lUr- ..s cus...T:,ni Cwfl. was collec tc:'i on Alatara ar.-illa:cea from l.Mar. -
June, 1-..l 3.3. This 1.ar ,.si te is active from. M'.-rcn "-C ,il June.) (et. A.B.G0
Sp.c imens of H m,ito.l 's n. sp. v.?.'efound att-ckinc Ala.bam.a ar'llcce
lar.vae fro!-i March to Jun.-, 19J1. ('et. R. A. Cus'.an.'
He:-.itel,-s n. cpn. v s fo.i.-.d trackingr Alaba:-.a ar.Kliiea I-"cn. larvae
fro-m ::i-ch to Jun.--, 1l3.3. (rct. R. A. C.",
Ziroil idea op. was fnur.d attLcinr th:- cablba.-g, leaf mincr on July,- 10C,
1 332. -, t. L. H. '.7cId. I
I 1-y._ftis cal,,ce- ::" Grav. sr-eci,.ens I-r,- found attrckinr no t-id larvae
on F'err jcry,' 1, 1332. (.c t. R. A. C.) iT'.e tret-jin- re-ords look doIubtful.
This :*i i'c i0s normally p1 :aacitic .:,n stort J--rro.i-:,t -1est S s Ii as Ep:nstia
ku'ehni, Mlla C.l. R. A. C.)
i l_'osoTma truncate Lhum (,Dalm.) was fo-.und attacking lepidopt.-ro'us larvae
Jun. 2", l.32. (D'-t. A. P. G. '
0phion ancyloneura Cam. specimens were found attacking curculionid
larvae on March 15, 1930, (Det. R. A. C.) (A very peculiar host for an
Onhion, R. A. C.)
Hadronotus brasiliensis Lima was reported attacking pentatomid eggs on
..-March 21, 1933. (Det. C. F. W. Muesebeck.)
INSECT CONDITIONS IN EGYPT DURING NOVEMBER 1933 FEBRUIA 1934
By Arthur H. Rosenfeld
Botanical and Plant Breeding Section, Ministry of Agriculture,
El Giza, Egypt.
The peasants of the Kharga and'Dekhla Oases complained that the weevil
Tanymecus musculus Fahr. was gnawing stems of barley and wheat; it was
controlled with poisoned bran used for grasshoppers. Feb. 4, 1934.
The spiny bollworm (Earias) attacked cotton this past year more severely
than usual, infestations as high as 12 percent being common around Bilkas,
Sherbin, and Abu Masoud, all in Bihera Province. Feb. 4, 1934.
Dr. Ismail Fahmy, in charge of borer investigations for the Ministry,
reports that he has found Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn. on maize at Fakous, Ikyad,
and Samaana, all in Sharkia Province, an infestation of 10 to 15 percent.
(Feb. 4, 1934.)
Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn. was reported by Entomologist Ismail Fahmy on
December 25, 1933, as infesting about 3 percent of the maize at Rosetta and
Port Said, thus greatly extending the known eastward range of the European
corn borer. No reports of infestation by this insect have been made in
Palestine. Fahmy has recently made a systematic search for it, starting from
Mansoura to Kafr-el-Arab on the east side of the Damietta branch of the Nile,
and from Talkha to Kafr-el-Battikh on the west side. On the east side he
found the first infested area at Mahalet Inshak (about 12 miles north of
Mansoura) and from there northwards an infestation ranging from 2 to 10 per-
cent. On the west side he found it in all the area examined, infestation
ranging from 2 to as high as 20 percent. The highest infestation was around
Markaz Sherbin, this area avera7-'nr' about 15 percent.
Eriosoma lanigerum Hausm. was collected on apples from Assiut on
November 15, 1933.
We have two borers, Sesamia cretica Led. and Chilo simplex Butl.,
neither of which has done much damage this year, except in one locality where
old corn stalks were piled up for sale during the winter in the midst of
cane fields and thus were afforded ideal hibernating conditions. Collected
November 15, 1933.
Anacridium aegyptium L. early in October attacked some cotton fields at
Ezbet Khourshid, near Alexandria, where it was controlled, according to the
Entomological Section, by hand picking in the early morning, no serious
damage occurring. In Assiut Province, Upper Egypt, this species had the
habit of collecting in large numbers in the fall in orchards and on high ground
but only a few were observed in October 1933, the Government entomologists-
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
31262 09244 6235
attributing this to previous annual campaigns against them. Incidentally
another locust, Locusta migratoria L., is reported to have assumed consider-
able impor:n-ce in the Sudan. (Rieported December 25, 1933.)
Cur main cane insects are the two Pseudococcus--P. calceolariae Mask.
and P. boninsis Kuw. In former years they have ca-ised much damage, but have
been but little in evidence this past year, possibly owing to the record
brca. ir.r- heat last June, when the maximum in the s'-.ade in the Upper Egyptian
cane fields was very frLqucntly about 115 de-:rees and several times approached
120, and also to the ravage's of.coccinellids, which right now (!rov. 15, 1933)
are very abundant,
Incidentally a cane pest, Aphis maidis Fitch has been destructive to
late maize this season (1933), in many cases the tassels having been so
seriously damaged as to interfere with pollination. The attack was most
notable during the last weeks in October and the first of this month, and
one of our entomologists told me yesterday that he estimated a loss of around
half a million b-sh-ls of corn in Eg:'pt as a result of this insect's attack.
Nat -rl enemies appear to be particularly scarce this year, although
coccinellids and syrphids are now (Novc-rmber 15, 1933) getting in some good
Aphis laburni Kalt. reported on Phaseolus and other beans on November I
Aphis corpositae Theob. on Cestrum sp. from Giza on November 15, 1933.
:yz..i braf!ii Gill. on artichokes from Giza on November 15, 1933.
Hyalopterus arundinis Fab. and H. insir-nis Theob. reported on bamboo from
Giza November 15, 1933.
Chaitophorus populi L. on white poplar at Giza November 15, 1933.