The Insect pest survey bulletin


Material Information

The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]


Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:

Full Text


Vol. 13 1Hey 1, 1933 No. 3


During late March and early April cutv'orms were very troublesome to toma-
toes and Irish potatoes in southern Mississipri. The outbreak of the western
army cutworm reported in the last number of the Insect Pest Survey 3'alletin
from Kansas terminated about the third week in April, and during the last week
in the month moths were emerging in nm-rbers. In one instance during, th e height
of the outbreak: populations as high as 90 cutwvorms per square foot ;-ere ob-
served near Manhattan. This species was also troublesome in several localities
in Montana.

Grasshopper eggs exomi.ned late in Ap'-il in North Dakota and Tlyo-nming were
found to have wintered with very low mortality; 90 per cent survival is re-
ported from north Dakota and 95 per cent from Wyoming.

An outbreak of the mormon cricket has developed in eastern Idaho.

The wirewor Heteroderes laurentii Guer. was very troublesome in southern
Alab.ama early in the month, and in many patches every kernel of corn was at-

The vegetable weevil has been found at Clemson College, SC; This is the
northeasternmost record for this insect and the first record for this State.

Heavy rains during the second and third weeks in April had very little ef-
fect on hibernating chinch bugs in Illinois. The insect also seems to have
passed the winter successfully in Missouri, Kansas, and parts of Iowa.

In g-eneral apple aphids are decidedly less numerous than usual. Th:e rosy
apple aphid, however, during the later part of the month developed in trouble-
some numbers in New York and Virginia.

The first specimen of the plum curculio was recorded from hibernation in
eastern Jackson County, Miss., on March 20, at Harriman, Tenn., on April 6,
and at "evark, Del., on April 10. These insects suffered such heavy, ;ortalit
in the F'ort Valley peach district of Georgia that little tro-blc is ant' :,*
from this pest this year.

Follo'vin a very dry M1arch, strawberries in the C1eadbourn district of "
Carolina were very heavily infested with the common red spider. I-i some local-
ties this infestation was so heavy that no marketable crop w-as arveste'.

A single egg mass of the gipsy moth has been discovered at Mount a,
Morris County, I.. J. This is the first record in this State since the er.-ilica-
tion campaign was closed four years ago.
Heavy infestations of the southern pine beetle have been found in southern
Pennsylv:a.i-, western Maryland, and northern Virginia. This is the most notable
outbreak: since that of 1893 and is located in the northernmost part of the rc ..o
of this insect.



CUT",T7C?.:'.3 (11:octuidae)

North Carolina. L. B. Reed (April 21): S'-.e d.-::--e has been notec. on stra'be.-i-s
at Chadbourn.
lorida. F. S. Chamberlin (April 14): Cutworms are o-l.y moderately abundant on
newly-set tobacco and other crops in Gadsden Count,:.

Kentucky. ,7. A. Price (April 24): Cutworms are abundant in the vicinity of

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (April): Agrotis ypsilon Rott. is moderately abundnt
in Knox County.
J. U. Gilmore (April 25): Cutworm-.s are not nearly so numerous at Clarksville
this spring as they have been for a number of years, and very little
has been seen or reported.

Mississippi. K. L. Cockerham (April 10): From March 24 to the present time cut-
worms have been very bad in Biloxi. Tomato plants and Irish potatoes have beer.
severely damaged.

Kansas. H. B. H..-...-erford (April 20): Cutworms are very abundant in Baldwin a:
Newton on peonies and other plants.
H. R. Bryson (April 23): The moths of the western army cutworm, ...2'is
auaxiliaris Grote, were out last week at McPherson and southward to ti"c State
borders. Injury has ceased, and the worms are goin- into the paupal stace.
T}e damage was confined largely to fall-sown alfalfa, wheat, oats, and vetc_.
Between :,arch 27 and April 17, reports of injury were received from Clormel,
Andale, Colwich, Buhler, Herington, :llsworth, Jamestown, Chautauqua, F.-:fort,
Gypsum, Courtland, Bison, and Hillsboro. Counts 7-.c at Manhattan showed a
population of 45 to the square foot. As many as 90 were ta'-:en on 1 square
foot of soil in a patch of vetch.

Montana. A. L. Strand (April 20): The army cutworm, C. auxiliaris, has been
present in winter wheat fields near Porta-ec and Power, Cascade County. Sin.z-e
first reported in l:arch they have been covered by 1 to 2 feet of snow.

A-7].rzPV0. (Cirphis uninunc ta Ha:.:.)

Illinois. W7. P. Flint (April 19): Very heavy fliiKhts of a-"..)rm moths oc..-. :d
in central Illinois on the ni-;ht of April 9. The fli-'-ht was azparent!: rcr ,.'

S '.TPN A_'.,WC.' (Prodenia eridania Cram.)

I Florida. J. R. ".'7-tson (April 25): On March 11 the you.-: cate'-,illars of the
.se3i-tropical a w':,. orm were sent in from B.,;'tow, where they were i:- .:.
grass in lawns and other plants.

GRAL3-.0PPERS (Acrididee)

!Iorth Dakota. J. A. Munro (April 21): Z-.- of Camnula pellucida Scudd. hCve .en
received from Renville and 7. rd Counties for testing,. ,ore tI-..-n .0 : r cent of


them are in hatchable condition. The soil sam-;.,ls .-,-ere very .hevily ir, tcd
with : .

Wisconsin. C. L. Fluke (April 24): Grasshoppers are reported in ?icrland Coun;tv.
Hatching began as early as April 12.

7 'om-i In. C. L. Corkins (April 19): Zgg survival is 95 per cent. Sporin is
ward. I do not expect hatching for several weeks. indications 'oinl 0 morer
or less serious infestations in the Bighorn Basin.

.711. GRUBS (? ;.,'lio,.h :. spp.)

Connecticut. 7. E. Britton (April 22): Four adults (P-. tristis Fab.) ere received
from Willimantic, where this insect vwas rinorted as abundant in poatces ,we:re
the grass had been killed. Usually we do not consider this as a very destrc -ive

Pen,.zs2lvania. J. N. Knull (April 1): Reports indicate that ; :, it rus are
infected with a fungus, in the area in Perry County where they did consider le
damage to coniferous plantings in 1932.

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (April 24): White grubs are very abundant in southeastern
counties on strawberry plants.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (April 19): These insects are now wor,- :- their .way out c
the surface soil; in the central and northern parts of the State only mn- all
numbers are yet in the area ordinarily reached in plowing r. Chandler rep ort
finding 40 white grubs in 300 square yards of earth at Carbondale. 7'- sc were
almost equally divided between grubs of Phyllophaga and those of the southern
June beetle, Cotinis nitida L.

"-isconsin. C. L. Fluke (April 24): White grubs are moderately abndn in
Lafayette County. Adults of Brood A nre present in considerable nu:nbers bcut
have not emerged.

Iowa. H. 1. Jacues (April 25): 7nite grubs show; evidence of causing serious
dm,--e later. Carroll, Jasper, *Trif-.t, Palo Alto, Osceola, Buena Vista, :e>..*
iT_-P,.r..,and Union Counties report them as showing up.

,Missouri. L. Haseman (April 24): Th.Ite 7rrubs are moderately abundant at Columbia.
Most -... s taken at this time are ori;--:lf grown.

Ka,.as.--'H. R. Bryson (April 23): "Iohite grubs are moderately abundant at .onha-.:an,
and are feeding very close to the surface of the soil.

; .71 Flc.T,.i S (Elateridae)

n|alr. C. R. Ph.ipas (April 25): A ,,iOt3: mancus Say is moderately a undannut geeraliy
over the State. In last season's potato fields the wirewormrs are cat a th of
6 to 8 inches.

'Virginia. H. G. Walker (April 26): Wirewv.or-rs are moderately abundant in some
potato fields at Norfolk.

Alabama. Z. L. Cockerham (April 5): On April 5 Heteroderes laurentii w.-r. was
found very plentiful in young corn in some -plats at Foley. !Tcarly eve.'
.-"...routin7, kernel had been attacked. -.:'..:-e seemed to be worse in corn spoced
3 feet in the rows than in rows where the seed was thickly plants'.

Iissouri. L. Haseman (April 24): Wireworms are .-oderately abundant at l'!_'.:i.,
in some sod-land, but not so abi..i:nt generally sp in.

California. 2. 0. Essig (April 22): Wireworms are moderately abundant in t.'--
Delta district.
A. F. Michelbacher (April 20): ::G 'r Rio Vista durir-- the 7a-t montn a small.
species of wireworl (probably Anchastus cinr rc Mann.) ?.s caused sl.r.;h7
damage to sugar beets. A largeraspecies (probably Limonius cans Lee.) h.:
completely destroyed the sugar-beet stand over a couple of acres of very ;.-
land near Courtland. Both of these places are in the Delta area of the
Sacram'ento River.

JAPAIZESE __-ETL-EP (Po-pillia japonica l.'-.-.)*

- w Jersey. C. H. Hadley (April 25): During April, larvae of the J- beetle
resu-med activity and were in process of movi,:r- upward in the soil from their
hibernating quarters to their usual feeding areas just beneath the -"jund
surface. In the older infested districts indications point to some reduction
in numbers with 1932, with, however, some local exactions.

ASIATIC GAP.:J.1 BEETLE (Autoserica castanea Arrow)

New Jersey. C. H. Hadley (April 25): Grubs of the Asiatic beetle are now
movir.- up in the soil from their winter hibernating quarters.

ASIATIC 3-ZTLE (Anomala orientalis Taterh.)

New York. C. H. Hndley (April 25): The grubs of the oriental beetle are st.:<-
to return to the upper iayer of soil. At Jericho, lTassau County, have
killed 23 per cent of the plants in a red raspberry bed. Over arubs were
found around the roots of one plant.

CO.'.'i :OL D SPI F., ( T,-tr : telarius L.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April): Red spiders are very aunant on
citrus and other plants at Ocean Spria.--s.

b braska. D. B. ",,.:lan (April): Red spiders, are quite numerous on gooseberries.
... ne .i- d .)
L,--:ON CRICK!T (Anabrus s-.. lex Hald.)

Id:o. ... H. Larrimer ("..y 2): :.:, outbreak scheduled 'to occur a-: i: this year
in o-,stern Idaho has -.terialized accordir.- to fc'::ts rom that Stae.

*CorreC-t on. Pan'.e -April 1, 1933. State is New Jer-ey, not Pcnnsylvania. for
note on Popilla japonic-a Nem. and Cotinis nitida L.




}:-' I ,A:7 FLY ( --. ;-.-,- destructor Say)

Iowa. C. J. Drake (April): Moderate infestation along the Miissouri River,
especially in 'onona County.
H. E. Jaques (April 25): The Hessian fly is reported from the folloin.'!i
counties: warrenn, Ionona, Union, nightgh, Henry, Osceola, and Palo Alto.

Missouri. L. Haseman (April 24): Indications are that the Hessian fly wili be
serious in central and perhaps southeastern Missouri this spring.
Z.-sasQ. H. B. H :-.-rford (April 20): The Hessian fly is moderately abun>ant in

Nebraska. M. H. Sweink (April 20): .. Hessian flies are moderately abundant.

C:{::JH BUG (Blissus leuco-terus Say)

Illinois. 7. P. Flint (April 19): There has been no movement as et from vi.J
quarters. Recent examinations by Mr. Bigger show that the heavy rains of the
past two weeks have had little effect in killing_ bugs in hibernation.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (April): Chinch bugs are numerous in 16 counties.
H. E. Jaques (April 25): Chinch bugs are in evidence in Lee, Osceola, Henry,
Union, and Carroll Counties.

Missouri. L. Haseman (April 24): The chinch bugs in central Missoari have been
moving to wheat and in some fields are mating. Infestation is quite general
and in some fields heavy.

Kansas. H. B. Hungerford (April 12): The chinch bug is moderately abun-dant in
Douglas County. (April 20): The chinch bug .is moderately abundant in
H. R. Bryson (April 23): It is difficult to form an accurate opinion rearing
the status of the chinch bug situation at Manhattan at this time. More chi nch
bugs '.iere in hibernation in bunch grass duri.-- the past winter than one year
ago. It is known that the mortality of the hibernating b.-: was very s-all.

Nebr.c-. 11 H. Swenk (April 20): The chinch bug is moderately abun-bnt.


C?.:: EAR 170ORMi (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)

Alabama. J. M1. Robinson (April 21): Adults are active in Auburn in :od rate
ab undance.

CC-I7 FLEA ::77LE (Chaetocnema pulicaria Melsh.)

North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (April 11): A field of young corn in Scotluo.-d
County was seriously d.:L: -ed.


ALIALFA ,7.'Z'IL ( 'J--. nostica Gyll.)

Levada. C. G.. Schweis (April 20): The alfalfa weevil is -.C -:rately abLndat a:
Reno and Fallon. Oviposition has started although the temperature is below
no, :1.

California. A. Z. Michelbacher (April 20): Throughout the infested area there
Les. been an increase in the number of lar'ue collected. The heaviest inres-
tations are apparently around Pleasanton. Rather large numbers of the larvae
have also been collected in the Niles and T-ra2y areas. n the fields -.v.icn
have received bcut little care some ds--".-e has been done but for the most -art
it has been very slight. At the present time l:a-. of all st---es of devel-
opment can be collected. -' laying is still going on, and adults of the new
generation have been emerging for some little time.

ALFALFA 'JB',nv.: (Loxostege comrnixtalis ,.-1

Colorado. G. M,. List (April 25): ::oths of the alfalfa webworm bc--.n to appear in
limited numbers in the more southern part of the state early in April. S;-.-
have been noted fly-ing in the Fort Collins section durirn- the last fe.'; w .vs.
The height of the flight will probably occur about the middle of :qay. -.
overwintering forms are very numerous in the soil in mar.n, sections' of the
eastern half of the state. In some fields the population aver:--.--es rom 2 to
4 per square foot.
CLVR LZAF WEEVIL (Hyp era punctata Fab.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (March 25): An adult clover leaf weevil was foun-d in
hibernation under a rock in the foothills east of Logan, about 1 -:"-e 'fro:. the
nearest alfalfa field.

.F-A APHID (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)

Virginia. H. G. 'al2-,r (April 26): 11-. pea aphid is becoming very abundant and
injurious on alfalfa and is begnA'-r- to te to peas.

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April): The pea aphid was first observed
iApr-il 16 at Pascagoula on peas. It is also rcrpo'ted as very abunrJ-:.t on
English peas at Ocean Spri-:s. (Abstract, J.A.:'.)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (April 23): The cold, dry weather in I'.-... ... areztly was
conducive to the develop-.-nt of the pea aphid. Reports of i-,"ury o alfalfa
have core from T.-wton, Herin-'on, Cottonwood Falls, rr.n :...--ttan.

California. A. E. Michlelbacher (April 20): The pea aphid on alfalfa ircrea..- d up
to cutting, of the first crop. This was very abundant ro.nd Sern s,
and quite numerous in some fields about Tracy.

A PLA:T. BUG (.h'-.a puctiventris Van r.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (April 4): This pentatomid is .bi:'o.t on an .falfa seed
farm at Dcseret, causing the farmers some concern.



SUGA.CAX-E BORU? (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)

Louisiana. H. A. Jaynes and 7. K. Bynumn (April 14): -T:ile examining sugarcaneF
plants during the week of April 7 to 13, we found 10 egg clusters of the
sugarcane borer and also two stalks of cane with young borer larvae. The eg-
clusters were not very numerous, as we examined 7,000 feet of cane, boLh sides
of all leaves, and obtained only 10 clusters.



APHIDS (Ap.iiidae)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (April 26): Fruit aphids are scarce in Orange and Wash-
ington Counties.

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (April 24): Fruit aphids are scarce.

New York. p. J. C`1pru.? (April 22): Rosy aphids (AnuraphiLs roseus Baker) are
unusually abundant on op-ening buds in the Hudson Valley.
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr. E.ews Letter (April): Rosy aphids started to appear
in the second week of the month and developed rapidly in the Hudson River
Valley and the Finger Lake district. By April 24, as many as 70 aphids could
be found in 100 buds. During the last week in the month the apple grain aphid
(Rho .l osi-..r-,i prunifoliae Fitch) was quite scarce throughout the Hudson
River Valley but in the western -cart of the State it was quite abundant. By
the middle of the month the green apple aphid (Aphis pomi DeG.) was starting
to hatch in the Lake district, and central New York. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
P. J. Parrott (April 21): The rosy aphid, the grain and green aphids are
moderately abundant in western New York.

Pennsylvania. H. N. Worthley (April 29): Rosy aphid reported scarce at State
College. Hatched in mid-April early when buds in early delayed dormant,
recent cold weather has greatly reduced the population.

West Virginia. L. M. Peairs (April 24): Rosy and green aphids are moderately
abundant at Morgantown.

Virginia. W. J. Schoene (April 26): We have received reports of an outbreK of
rosy aphids in the northern part of the State. Th-7se insects are more abundant
than they have been for some years.

|lI1ryland. E. N. Cory (April 22): Fruit aphids are scarce.

South Carolina. A. Lutken (April 24): Green apple aphids are moderately aund.a..
in northwestern South Carolina.

Georgia. C. H. Alden (April 20): Green apple aphids a,;e scarce in Cornelia.

Wisconsin. C. L. Fluke (April 24): Apple grain aphids are scarce. re 're .a:
less than last year. They hatched about April 10.

--* ?3 -

Tcnnccsc. M. Be.ntlc (Arril): A. -Jr-i is moderately abunda-nt in ., ,.

:ssouri. T Haseman (April 24): At Columbia to 1:.te no b-.i effec-s from ro s
aphids have been noted. Also the other two s:cies seem to be doi : no ra.

liississi;fi. C. Lyle andL assistants (April): fruit aphiis ?:Zve continue! un-
u-ll~v scarce throughout the State. On >'-'ch 30 a very heavy infestation -f
trie woolly apple anhid (Eriosoma lanigerun -a-u...) was obser ved cn elm trees
on the m property of the School for the Deaf in Jackson. _-c trees a 1--
number of leaves ovwing to this .o:wvy infestation. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Ore;-on. D. C. :.,..te (April 1C): 30 per cent of A. roseus hatched '.Arpril 1C in
the Willamette Valley.

Utah. 5. F. Knowlton (April 19): Fruit aphids are moderately au.dan.. in
northern Utah. z.Us have about all hatched.

SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.)

"'st Virginia. L. M. Peairs (April 24): T'c San Jose scale is moderately a.-
dant at !:organtown on scattered peach trees.

Ohio. EZ. 7. 7 rendenhall (April 24): Where there has been neglect in the dormant
spray there is an increase in the infestation on fruit trees in central C'"o.

Wisconsin. 1. L. Chambers (April 25): ,7c h.rve made an.-urate counts of San Jose
scale survival in a number of sections of the State in searc lor suitable
experimental plots and have found in Shebo:*--/. County, the point farthes
north where San Jose scale has ever been found in Wisconsin, a number c:
small orchards within the city limits which showed 94 er cent scales,
while in Racine County the survival was greater, the percentage -:-..-: to

Iowa. K. E. Jaques (April 25): Th-, San Jose scale is reportli as doi--.s- serious
dama-e in Buena Vista, TY-a-, Fottawattamie, Palo Alto, Carroll, CI---, Sioux,
Union, Lyon, Guthrie, and Osceola Counties.

:[issouri. L. Haseman (April 24): In central ::issouri on trees where t- San Jose
scale was abundant last fall it does not seem to have survive.: the winter very

Mississinpi. C. Lyle and assistants (April): :.e San Jose s.-ale is from "'c rate-
ly to very abundant on a great variety of plants throuc'ut the State. A~
Jackson it was so abundant as to be killir.- trees in a small orca'd. (AbsrE1

C0LI:" MOTH (Carpocansa ;c'c.. lla L.)
Delaware. L. A. Stearns (Aril 24): Six per cent of overwintered te
April 13-14.

w York. P. J. Chairman (April 22): Overwinter:.-, caterpillars are sc-.. in ost
orc'ards in the Hudson Valley.
P. J. Parrott (April 21): Overwint:rirn larvae are from mc.-rate'lr to vcy
ab niamt iin western ,' -w York.

South Carolina. A. Lutken (April 24): Eg-s were found in the Cleison Colle,'
orchard by April 18.

Georgia. C. H. Alden (April 20): The first moth emerged April 7 at Cornelia,
a few moths being caught daily in bait traps. No egg deposition has been noted
to date.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (April 19): First pupation in southern Illinois occurred
at Carbondale on April 14.

Missouri. L. Haseman (April 24): The c-odlin- moth in southeastern Missouri on
April 20, 15 per cent pupae; Columbia, April 8, 1 per cent pupae, and April
22, 25 to 30 per cent pupae; St. Joseph, April 18, 10 per cent pupae.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (April 23): It is estimated in Doripl:ha:- County that
approximately 50 per cent of the overwintering larvae passed the winter
successfully. Since the infestation was very heavy last year there are strong
prospects for an outbreak this year. It was not difficult to find larvae
Sunder bark scales in mature orchards, 76 larvae having been taken in a fev:
hours' search.

EASTZ7U TENT CATERtPILLAR (:.:alacosoma americana Fab.)

New 7-3ripshire. L. C. Glover (Aoril 24): The eastern tent caterpillars hJave
started hatching today.

Ihe.. York. P. J. Chapman (April 22): -The eastern tent caterpillar is moderately
N. Y. State Coil. of Agr. Ncvs Letter (April): Tent caterpillars began hatch-
ing by the middle of the month in the Hudson River Valley in Dutchess and
Ulster Counties. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (April 24): rThe first hatching iaas'bb served April 10.

Maryland. E. N. Cory and staff (April 22): The apple tree tent caterpillar is
numerous in Prince Georges, I:ontgomery, F:'- derick, Wa".i:.*: ton, and zrarford
F. Bauer (April 2): E-, clusters were hatching on April 2 at Southaven, Anne
Arundel County.

Virginia. H. G. WaYlker (April 26): Eastern tent caterpillars are moderately
ebu:-dant at Iorfolk.

West Virginia. L. M. Peairs (A-ril 24): T". eastern tent caterpillar is moderate-
ly abundant at E---s hatched by Arril 6 the earliest date in the

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (April 20): This insect has been unusually abundant
on wild cherry in southeastern North Carolina. Many trees have been completely
defoliated. Most of the insects have pupated.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (April 3): This insect is more abundant than usual at
Fort Valley.


T, ..:. ssee. G-. M. 3entley (A:'-ril): Mode:- tely abundant in eastern Tennessee.

FRUIT TREE UZ F RCL-T. (Cacoecia -r-::,os-,iS 7. .)

California. 0. 2ssig (April 22): The fruit tree leaf roller is vere a'
in the coastal section.

Y--SPC-::'D :BU::,:0TH (Spilonota ocellana Schiff.)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. of Agr. News Letter (April): 7Fp to the end of he
month butj little d-igr was observed throughout the State. A few larvae were
found entering buds in the Hudson River Valley. Similar conditions are reported
from, the western part of the State, where, however, most of then are in hiber-
nacul- (Ab.stract, J.A.H.)

APPLE CURCULIO (Tachypterellus auadrigib'-u3 Sy)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (April 23): Hibernation studies indicate that fewer c.-.:l...ios
were in hibernation in Donip-han County in March, 1933, than in .':rcn, 12 .

ROU:,0-HEADED APPLE TRZ BORER (Saepcrda candida Fab.)

Mi:ssouri. L. Haseman (April 24): Round-headed apple tree borers are asundant
where trees were not properly protected. h:.ey were in their pupal c0-ambers
but still in the lar-'al stage on April 22.


0-i7E':AL 72VIT 1:0TH (Grapholitha molesta Busck)

I'-.w York. P. J. Parrott (April 21): Overwintering larvae are moderately ab- i:.-t.

Pennsy-lvania. H. N. 'Jorthley (April 29): The oriental fruit moth is very a- undant,
at State College and Biglerville, Ad-'-.s Co. Little winter kill'-., ,-,-.tion
bean in mid-April.

Delaaware. L. A. Stearns (April 24): Seventy-two per cent of the overwin-red
larvae pupated April 13-14. Tre first emergence of spring brood months occurred
April 18.

South Carolina. A. Lutken (April 24): M'oderately abundant in th. neort'... stern
part of the State. The emergence has passed its peak.

Georsia. 0. I. Snaon (April 25): -- ar r... to hatch at Fort Valley. -
firQst lar.a of the season (just 'tcd) as observed on Aril 15. .
was evident on April 20. This is about the usual tine for the first to
hatch and- therefore the usual ' of broods is antic Ir.-.ted this year...
d,.tcs of lirst tv,. injury oth.r yea's are as follows: A'ril 10, 92-. ; A--ril
2), 926O; April 1, 1927; April 25, 192-; 4, 192; April -, 2
22, 1931; ,ay 17, 1932. First-,cne:-,-tion larvae ..cared this year <-ut a
month e-rlier than they did in 1932.
7. *4 1" -O -;, no,
7. ?. C'La re (April 2): Oriental fruit moths are do:-. no t.wi injury in
iddle -eorG-I a. a ..,y are still :nergi!. from ovwrwinteri.-.: material.
C. H. Alider- (April 20): A few r.ot.s are bei-.: c:-:--.t in bait t::s in Corneli.
There Ii-s been no .- layvin.7 yet.


Illinois. W. P. Flint (April 19): No oriental fruit moth twig injury in southern
Illinois as yet.

Tennessee. H. G. Butler (;:,.rch 31): Pupae were found in the insectary stock at
Harriman March 15, and today (March 31) 4 adults emerged. This is two .weekc
earlier than the first observed emergence in 1932. (April 11): s vere
found in insectary stock jars on April 10. These are the first eggs observed
this season. (April 20): Eggs laid April 10 were htching today (April 2C)
These were the first eggs secured from the insectary stock of moths.

LESSER PEACH BORER (Aegeria pictipes G. & R.)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (April 20): The peak of spring-brood emel t:ence has just
been reached at Fort Valley.

PLUM. CUR1'LIO (Conotrachelus neuhsar Hbst.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (April 24): Thi- first emergence from hibernation was
observed April 10.

South Carolina. A. Lutken (April 24): Plum curculios are scarce generally.
emergencee has been slight.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (April 14): An examination of adult curculios in hibernation
cages containing bark and Johnson grass reveal a 100 per cent mortality. This
is attributed to the unusually cold weather in February which followed a period
sufficiently warm to cause peach trees to bloom. Jarring records sho;. that
there are very few curculios in the orchards and the infestation to date is
much less than that of an average year. A few of the larvae in peach and -lum
are now about 1 week old. (April 20): This insect should not cause much
damage this year if emercec-.e from hibernation has already been completed.
Jarrii-.- records continue to shewv a very light infestation in most orchards.
Temperatures have been below normal, and this 7maT be keeping some individuals
in hibernation.
J. B. Gill (April 25): The plum curculio is moderately abundant at Albr.v. on
peaches and plums.
W. H. Clarke (April 6): The first eggs were found in fruits today at Thomcaston
(April 10): The first larvae of the season were found today.
C. H. Alden (April 20): The plum curculio is moderately abundant in Cornelia.
It-.Awas found in peach orchards April 10.

Illinois. :7. P. Flint (April 19): No curculios have been found in jarring 7c-.-ch
trees in southern Illinois.

Tennessee. G. i1. Bentley (April): The plum curculio is moderately abundant in
1Knox County.
H. G. Butler (April 6): The first over.-K'rteri:-.: curculios were taken in the
jarring this morning in Harriman. This is two days later '..;:-. the first ones
taken in 1932. (April 20): The first c:-- was found this morrniin in an
insectary stock jar. The infestation is much less than normal in all orchards
so far examined.

'.issouri. L. Haseman (April 24): No curculios have shown up in central Missouri.

,ississippi. C. Lyle and assistants ( '2U pl!m curcuio w:as firs C observ=
in 3ast Jackson County on March 20. By the third, week in A:-il it w;as .moder-
atfely abundant over the _-reter part of the State. (Absxr, c, J.A.H.C

ZP A21 *

PU.-. PSYLLA (Psyllia -yvricola Foerst.)

Nev0 York. N. Y. State Coil. of A1-r. Hews Letter (AUril): -_in, the f:I t eek
in Aoril the pear psylla be.-a. laying egr-s in the Hudson River Valley. -
laying, however, continued rather li'ht through the next tw-o weeks. In the
western part of the State eg.--layi.: v:as well under way by the middle of the
month and was heavy during the third week when sprryiV.: was started in :.
sections. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

PEAR T.HIPS (i-eniothri-os inconsequens Uzel)

New York. N. Y. State Coil. of Ajr. News Letter (April): "i:ri- the first wee::
in April the pear thrips started to e.ierge in the Hudson River Valley, a.
by the end of the month was causing consid r'able injury. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

BLACK CH-R:RY APHID (Ivyzus cerasi Eab.)

l,:-w York. IT. Y. State Coll. of A>'. "" ,ws Letter (April): Th-- black cherry ..aid
was first observed in the Hudson River Valley early in April. As the month
advanced this insect increased rapidly and by the 24th was very nuix-ierous in
this section, and also in western New York. (Abstract, J.A.H.)


HUSTY PL'-". APHID (Hysteroneura scta.>e Thos.)

Mississipni. C. Lyle and assistants ( The rusty prl-nxr: louse s moderately
abundant in East Jackson County, very abundant at '7 st, and unusually L- ant,
cuL.T fruit to drop, in Stone County. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

PEAR T-T.IPS (Taeniothrins in-onsenuens Uzel)

Oreon. .. D. C. :ote (April 10): Re.ched ,eal- of about arc *m. in th
V7illanetle-c Valley. (S.C.Jones)

D-_E:C: D C.:: ORIR (A;rilus r-:: collis a r.)

, ioui pi. C. Lyle (April 22): Injury to Youn bc rrit s wa reported fro.
Col .. $bus, Lovwndes County, on arc : 5.

A c.m.". :C-:.... (A-ri..s corznunvI ab. rJbicola Abeille de ic.'rin)

nci i Hut7son (April 20): Dnrin,: the nonth c:' -ril e have bred out from
*m.t.erial collected ilast su.,-v' r A. co.;unis ab. ruc icola front ri,-' ..r..


Determination has been confirmed by W. S. Fisher, who informs us that a great
deal of the damage hitherto ascribed to A. ruficollis in the central and
southeastern parts of the State is due to A. commurnis ab. rubicola. At least,
since we have bred out the pest'and studied the injury, we find that the borings
of A. communis var. rubicola more nearly-resemble the specimens available from
the central and southeastern sections of the State than those of A. ruficollis.

BLACK-HORIED TFEE CRIC=ET (Oecanthus nigricornis 7al:.)

Nebraska. :.. H. Swenk (March 25 to April 20): A Cass County correspondent during
the last week in Larch sent in raspberry stems heavily infested with e0 s.


A BLlE2ERRY GALL INSECT (Hemadas nubilipennis Ashm.)

Michigan. R. H. Pettit (April 25): We have just bred out -a- few thousand H.
nubilipennis from blueberries collected near South Haven earlier in the
season. They emerged on the 21st of April. This constitutes the first record
for the State, so far as we know., of this gall-forming cynipid. '_. re were a
number of thousands of the adults which emerged from about one-half pint of
the galls. This is all the more alarr.,ing because the blueberry industry
reaches quite important proportions at South Haven. That is where the new
varieties are being worked out. The galls came from a wild patch in the vicinit
of South Haven.


GRAPEVI2E APHID (Ahis illinoisensis Shimer)

'Florida. M. D. Leonard (April 13): I found this aphid fairly commonly infesti .-
shoots and new leaves in a fair sized vineyard near Sanford, April 13.

GRAPE FLEA BEETLE (Haltica chalb:.A Ill.)

Missouri. L. Haseman (April 24): Reported as serious in some vineyards in the
vicinity of St. Louis, April 18.

APPLE TWIG BCRER (Am-nphicerus bicaudatus Say)

'Missouri. L. Haseman (April 24): In central Missouri a nu:'cber of grape < '*wrs
report this pest as bei-ag abundant in canes this sprin:-.


IIPORTED CTUR2AlIT WOBM (Pteronus ribesii Scop.)

Nebraska. D. B. Vnelan (April): Egg-laying began about April 20, two days later
than last y-ar. An examination in April showed several leaves with eg:s, mostly
laid within 24- hours. On two leaves the larvae had hatched.

SA LIEAHOPFER (Erythroneura sp.)

[Tebraska. D. B. Whelan (April): Just as soon as the currant leaves unfold these
leafhoc e's attack them.

ST3RAM3EPRY 7'IVIL (Antho nomus sia-__ : Say)

Ala:bama. J. Robinson (April 21): The strs.Therry weevil is moderately" ab- ._.t
on devfberries in Prattville.


E-,MA LEAF CASE -AhE?. (Acrobasis -palliolella

North Carolina. R. W. Leiby (April 21): The pecan leaf case bearer seems to be
less abundant than usual according to exa-.inr.tions made of buds on pecan
twL:-, for the number of hibernacula present.

Georgia. J. B. Gill (April 25): The pecan leaf case bearer larvae are do-_r-.
serious d ..-e to the buds and foliage in pecan orchards of southern Geo:, La.
In unsprayed pecan orchards the dai.n-se will be quite extensive.

"ississippoi. C. Lyle and assistants (April): ?he pecan leaf case bearer is very
ab-""dant at Ocean Springs. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

HICKORY S"Hu-i: icR:.: (L-s1)v.'resia caryana Fitch)

Georgia. J. D. Gill (April 25): The adults of the -occan shuckworm, been
eergi- in large numbers at Albany this spring.

A SA'TLY (Megiaxyela .`.,or Cress.)

Mississiuppi. C. Lyle (April 22): A rather heavy infestation of ss;'.fhies, de-
re: .in-d by J. iM. Langston as Ei. major, on pecan trees was reportc- from Luce-
dale, George County, on April 21.

0TSCURE SCALE (>::r so:.mhaluZ obsc-arus Comst.)

California. H. J. F`:.-:n (April 27): Earlier in the month, i.e station of
this scale was found on a small planting of pecans and Zn.mlish walnuts in
the San Fernando Valley. This is the first infestation I can find any record
of in California and so far as I know, the first record of its bei. "- tad:en
on EnJlish walnut trees.


FRUIT FLIIS (, t',ph. spp.)

Texas. Bureau of Plant Quarantine News Letter No. 27, U. S. A. (.:'>- I:
Three a(Ilt male A. ludens Loew and one adult female A. f.... ;'1. l ie, .
wvere taken in tir-ns ope" ted in :;roves on the American side of the river
during January. .:se were tihe first adults to c taken in the Valley


since May, 19,2, during which month five adult A. ludens were taken in the
traps. The A. fraterculus was the second of this species ever to be taken
in the Valley. In Mexico this species of fruit fly primarily feeds on plums
or "ciruelas". Intensive inspection of the fruit rem~iniig in the Troves
in which the adults were taken and in the surro-:.ndin- groves gave nej'ative

G-RZEIT CITRUS APHID (Aphis spiraecola Patch)

Florida. J. R. Watson (April 24): A. spiraecola becojin, less abundant as
S citrus foliage matures.

CITRUS 7-ITEFLY (Dialeurodes citri Riley and Howard)

Florida. J. R. Watson (April 24): The citrus whitefly is moderately abundant.
SZ- ,rrginr generallyy all over Florida.

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April): During the third week in April
the citrus whitefly was reported from many parts of the State, where it
attacking citrus and various ornamentals. No very severe damage, however,
was reported. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

PUEPLE SCALE (Lepidosaphes beckii :ewm.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April): The purple scale is scarce in
last Jackson County, and moderately abundant on citrus at Ocean Springs.
(Abstract, J.A.H.)

,CITUS RUST !-Z (Phyllocoptes oleivorus Ashm.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April): T.: citrus mite is modertely
abundant on ornamentals and strawberry at Meridian; and is reported as
moderately abundant.from :a.:rion, Lamar, Pearl River, and Forrest Counties.
(Abstract, J.A.H.)


APPLE TWIG BORER (A.mphicerus bicaudatus Say)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (April 22): Fig twigs injured by A. bicaudatus were
received from Senatobia, Tate County, on April 3. We :,_ve nrio previous
records of this species attackin-7 fig.


vEGETABLE 7EEIL (Listroderes obliauus Oyll.)

South Carolina. A. Lutken (April 13): Ab:ut '/arch. 13 I noticed weevil larvae
feeding in the buds of spinach in my garden at Clemson College. I enclose;
one of the plants with wire; today three of the adults er-e ao larvae
could be found on nearby turnips at the time they were found on spinach.
(Det. L.L.3 c :. .

M.ississippi. C. Lyle (Arril 22): A correspondent at Orange Grove, *.-fcks'n
County, re-corted on April 10 that adults were very ac-.-.da.-.t on ,you-zu to:tr
plants. Complaints of a less serious nature were received :;rir. the past
month from Kosciusko, Attala County; Morgan City, Leflore County; and Doss-
ville, Leake County.

7ESTEnR SPOTTED CCM3E'-. ;EZTLE (Diabrotica soror Lec.)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (April 10): A spotted cucumber beetle was laying: e-:j.s at
t.he base of a broad-leaf olantain plant near Corvallis on A-ril 3. (B.-

FLEA BEETLES (Halticinae)

Alabama. J. H. Robinson (April 21): Flea beetles are very abundant on toma-
to in Tusklege-e.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (April S): Hop flea beetles (rsRl"- -'us nctulata
Melsh.) are abundant upon Russian thistle and other weed hosts in many ri-r-.s
of Utah, Boxelder, Salt Lake, and Tooele Counties.

iUORT=:.:: MOLE CRIC:cET (3ryllotala hexadactyla Perty)

Alabama. J. ,. Robinson (A-oril 21): Mole crickets are moder-:tely aboun:.-.t in
I'T-r .:,fr in C.,me :.

Mississippi C. Lyle and assistants (April): :ole crickets are very a'. n-
dant at Ocean Springs in gardens. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

APHIDS (Aphiidae)

Kansas. H. R. -rr )n (April 23): Plant lice have beer. reported causing i:-r
to ra'iise;;s at Sedan ond at Manhattan.

GREE.2i'.iSE CEUTIFPFE (Scuti gerolla i-mny:> t,, :exr )

California. A. E.Michelbacher (April 20): In the Sacramento River Delta dis-
trict the garden centipeJe ha.; done some !W'L.Oe to the stand of "r c'"t
in several places. Several fields were replanted and even then a rcrfect
stand was not obtained because of the attack of ""is '"'st.


COLORADO POTATO '_Er'-LE (teptinotars: decemlineata Say)

Virginia. H. G. ,Tlo:er (April 26): Colorado potato beets are modcrat'ly
abl..r-.t. Thle first beetle was observed feedin< in the field on Anril 17,1933.

NTorth Carolina. 17. A. Thomas (April 12): This insect is unusually abundant for
this season of the year. The adults have arcaray begun depositing c s on
the foliage of young potatoes.

South Carolina. A. Lutken (April 24): Colorado potato beetles are scarce in
the northwestern part of the State. A few adults and eggs were noted by
April 20.

Georgia. W. H. Clarke (April 20): The Colorado potato beetle is moderately
abundant at Yatesville.

AFlorida. J. R. Thtson (April 24): The Colorado potato beetle is moderately
abundant. It was collected by C. C. Goff in Lake County. This is muchn
farther south than it has heretofore been caught. It was also re orted.
from San Antonio, still farther to the southwest, but no specimens were

Alabama. K. L. Cockerh-:,m (April 6): Adults and e,,- clusters were rlentifu
in Irish potatoes in experimental plats in Foley, April 6. Onr the above
date dusting was resorted to in order to catch the young brood of larvae.

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April): The Colorado potato beetle
moderately abundant throu-hout the State during the last half of April,
and unusually abundant in the south-central counties. (Abstract, J.A.H.)

POTATO Tjr72 WOTRP (Gnorimrschema operculella Zell.)

7orth Carolina. C. H. Brannon (March 9): Heavily infested potatoes were
sent in from Kinston, Lenoir County. The t'_ber worm was reported very
destructive last year.


COT:: EA ,,R. (Heliothi-s obsoleta F'Ib. )

'Florida. J. R. 7Jatson (April 24): A specimen mining eggplant was received
from manateee County.


BEAN LL2, BEETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.)

South Carolina. A. Lutken (April 24): Bean leaf beetles have cause some
damage in Oconee Coenty.


Al ,-...... K. L. Cockerham (April 5.): The bean I l-. beetle was fairly plenti2-I
at 'oley on Aoril -

Mississippi. C. Lyle (April 22): r-e first serious complaint we have received coring came from Picayune, Pei.rl River Count, on April 5, th- corres-
pod- rt indicating that the beetlecs rere "d-evourin:; plants such as beans
ard peas." They were also rc-'.'rted as causing medium injury to beans at
Dossville, Leake Coenty, on April 13, v'hile a corr:."-ndent at Clar -iae,
Co .iorna County, stated on April iC0 that he had observed the-n to some extent
on phlox and sweet villiam plants.

SEED CORI,-AG (Hylemyia cilicrura Ron-1.)

Virginia. H. G. PIl-er (April 26): The sed corn -.- -:t is -.-jd.erately abun-
diant Fenerplly, but several ca,;es of severe infest:-tion of beans have "e:r.
observed and others reported.

:ort> Carolina. C. H. Brannon (Aoril 22): Sprouting beans rLve been sent in
from Grec nsboro heavily infested.

I.PORTED CABBAGE .7".: I.scia ranae L.)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (April 21): 71-e iwoported ca-' - Tor- is -carce in
F 'rgo. A few adults were seen during the past few days.

Missouri. L. H:aseman (April 24): Recently a fe; ad-ts were observ- on tn
vin, at Columbia, but later and less abundant than usual.

Tennessee G. '4. Bentley (April): Moderately aundant rerh ?S an. April 1
at Knoxville.

G'h. G. F. KnoWlton (April 8): Adults are activ. in many parts of northern
Utalhf, and were noted to be cuite abundant in one field. at Sp-. s- F0or1.

DIA 012D-BACX "T D 1 (Plutella rmaculipennis Cu rt.)

Alab)mra. J. `. Robinson (April 21): .di.cmond-bac1: mothI is ieratel. abu-n-
dtnnt on cabbaCe at "obile.

MHssissippi. K. L. Cockerha-n (April 26): On April 26 a forty-t:reoe acre
field of cabbage was heavily infested. with larvae of the diamond-back moth
at Picayune.

.... G (h'7 'hl istrionica "" .".)

Vir, inia. -I. 7-1. 1-ker (April 2): Th e ar-l uin b-... is rather scr at :>r-
folk, iniic.tiny: that there must have been a very Ii inter mort .lity,
or t iat many of them '-ve not emur-. ]2 from hi'crnr.tion, as very lar.:e nrm-
ber of t ciem 'ent into hibernation last fall.

:.orth Carolina. .... m-,as (A-ril IL): This insect is much less ...... t
at t>.is season at C-' dl-un t is 0ear t-han lst year. Onl Yn occ:; o
smeci-men can seen in the avera -e home rnen.


South Carolina. A. Lutker-.(April 24): H!:rlequin bugs are modertely :..rv.-t
in Oconee County.

Alabam.a. J. ". Robinson (AMril 21): The harlequin bug is moderately abunci-t
on turnips in Auburn.

Mississippi. C. Lyle nrA assistants (April): Harlequin bugs were very abundant
in Leake, Pike, Bolivar, Sunflower, Stone, Copiio?, and Lincoln Counties, .nd
causing considerable injury to tender ve:/-tabes such as mustard and tu;rnics.
(Abstract, J.A.H.)

Texas. D. C. Prmarn (April 25): The rl in is very a-ndant i vld.

CA33BAC-E A.PHID (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)

Virginia. H C. Th:-er (April 26): In general theca' e aphid. is rather
scarce, especially on cabbage, but it is not uncommon to find occasional
plants in seed-kale fields that are heavily infested.

Kentucky. W. A. Price (A-poril 24): S-oecimens of "frost-proof" cabba-e '-ere
received on April 7 from Catmer. These plants were literally covc red itl
cabbage aphids.

':7rth Carolina. -. A. Thomas (April 1): In some ho-e gardens these insects
have been -nuls-a-lly destructive this season at Chadbourn, cr.ecialjy o0
cabbage and rape.
C. H:. Brannon ('arch 22): Cabbage aphiis are very destructive to cbce
all over the State.

CAB3AC.- CURCULi0 (Ceutorhynchus ra-ae Gyl1.)

Kent -.chy. 7. A. Price (April 24): -The cabbn;-,e curculio 's d- ... -.nny cab-
ba,i:e plants in the vicinity of Lexington.


ASPAEPAcGUS E::L^ (Crioceris ....r. =-i.)

South Carolina. A. Lutken (April 24): As-;?nr-us beetles are L...t th.rough-
out the central --t of the State.

STRIPED c;T2 R 3E3T (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

Florida. J. R. 7.tson (April 24): The strike(_ c-c-mber beetle is very aun-
dant in the '.'c-rgl-ides only.

Missouri. L. Haseman (April 24): At Colimbia the first striioed cucumber
beetles wcre taken on April 24, on hawthorn blossoms.


-371-9]- STRIPED CUCUM33R .... (Ui cr_ t .-- trivittata ::. .-..)

California. F. H. '.-.ore (April 25): A. il 13, .. H. F. -rn rerortcl by
telcramn tha.t the striped cuc-nber beetle was seriously -.-.. -- his crop
of yo -nr cantaloupe plants st Delano.

I017 :.:? IPS (hris tub. cil Lind.)

SFlorida. J R. R tson (April 25): T. tai 7as severely iri.
at Lesb rg in Lake Cou-nty.

sp I:.'.:

C, LE- PSCH APHID (^;,'z -.5 iersicae Sulz.)

Virginia. H. G. Talker (April 26): green peach aphid is becoming rather
ab-;ndant in someospinach fields at Norfoik, but in it is rather


0-:IOY T' :IPS (Thri-s t.-. Lind.)

Tirginia. H. G. walker (April 26): The onion thri-os is becom-nin- -~.era"ely
abundant on onions at the Virginia Tr-iuck xperim-ent Stmtion.

S T 7ZJ~f.

S:.,-Zi.rY_ .7,:L (_Anthonomus signntus ;..

I7orth arolina. TT. A. -s'. (April 15): The str-,.--vrry veevil began emerf--
ing from hiberr,-tion on March 14 at Chadbourn and by the 20th there -.--s
considerable evid-lnce of its activity in the straw: t-,rr- fields. As a .:ie,
the in.jary has not been so severe as in some former yc-:rs.

ST1A';3EnrY LEAJ' ROLLER (nc:lis comotanz Froel.)

uorth Carolina. L. B.- Reed (April 21): Adlits are present in the fields at
C'iadbooerne but no injury has been noted.

C. 0 :,TRZD SFIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)

:,orth Carolina. 7. A. T-.-nas (April 14): ere is Is-nlly a s-ll *. ".t of
.ae by red sriders almost every year in the area aro.ind C adbourn, b the dry ',arch nractically every strn'.-berry field in the Chadbourn
area is no." more or less C. :vily infested. In some a'r.-s t, la-ts ve
no so seriously injured as to prevent the production of m -r-etb1e fY
Oero ers arc mu ch concern., : over -....... caused by these insects. Some
plants have died outri-ht as a result of their attack .


FIELD CRICKET (Gryllus assimilis Fab.)
North Caroline. `7. A. Tho' s (April 22): The black field cricket is now caus-
ing considerable damage at Clmdbourn to developing strawberries, the outer
surface being gr-red on both green and ripe fruit, rendering it worthless
for market purposes. The injury is confined almost entirely to those fields
where no poison sulphur dust was applied for weevil control.

California. F. H. 7-,Lore April l 25): The cov.:on field crickets G. assimilis,
occurred in great numbers near Woodland on April 23, migrating into fields
of green vegetation from a field where the vegetation was drying up. Various
species of birds, including the red-winged blackbird, coy bird, killdeer,
etc., were feeding on them.

LESSER COR:: STALK BORER (ER -;r.lTs li'mosellus Zell.)

North Carolina. L. B. Reed (April 21): The lesser corn stalk borer ha:' been
causing some injury to strawberries at Ch.- bourn, but not so much as dur-
ing last year.

A SPITTLE BUG (Aohi'-o-ra hrmt-tnl.)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (April 10): The spittle bug A. -rnermutata ap-oeared in a
field on April 1 on strawberries at Lacomb. ('. D. Edw!ards.)

A SPITTLE BUG (Philaneus leucophth:almus L.)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (April 10): The spittle b4_ F. sumarius w'as found in a
field at TUoodburn on April 11. (X. 77. Gray.)

A CURCULI0lID (Geoderces sp.)

California. L. M. Smith (April 12): Geoderces, probably a new species, again
inflicted severe injury to strawberries in a few localized areas of the
Santa Clara Valley. Infested plants showed from 3 to 32 larvae feeding on
the roots this spring. At the present time the majority of the sncim'ens
are in the pF.-al stadium.

STRA\7BERRY '=ITE (Tarsonemus fragariae Zimm.)

California. L. M. Smith (April 13): The strawberry mite is now -resent in
great numbers in certain strawberry patches in the Santa Clara Valley. Dur-
ing the past three years this mite has been scarce in the spring and r.-
dant in the fall. At the present time, however, it is as abundant in some
patches as it has been at the peak of its occurrence in the fall.


BEET LEAT:OER (Eutettix tenal-lus- Bak.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (April 19): The beet leafhojper is moderately abuni:ant
in northern Utah in some breeding grounds.

- ~

T03ACCO FLEA LZ-L (_7.i t ri:,: T-_'.0:: F )t-

r Inia. H. G. 7..or (April 26): tobacco flea ic-. tie is -odrately a':-
dant on potatoes at Yorfolk,

..*.rt cky. ']7 A. .Price (April 24): Flea beetles on tob-.cco have been renortci
from many places in t.e State. Among these were Owensboro, Bo-lin re-,
Lexingjton, Paris, Georgetow;n, Richmond, and. "inchester.

Tennessee. J. U. Gilmore (April 25): This pest has not appeared in sufficient
numbers in to--.cco plant beds this sprin& to ca'use serious loss of plants.
:'iany beds have not been dusted, whereas usually t':o or t'-.ree treat--.-'.s .-ere
needed to save beds from destruction where the beds '.-ere poorly canvas-:ei.

.Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April): This insect was reported attach-
in; tomatoes in several parts of the State. (Abstract, J. A. H.)

CLOVER LWF -EE0IL (Hymera ounctata Fab.)

Kentcky. 7. A. Price (April 24): The clover leaf weevil .s been 6.....
tobacco beds vihere it v;as c.-usirn: considerable injury. The beds so dca-a.fei
i:ere located at Lexington, Paris, and Georgetown.

TOBACCO THRIPS (Fraikliniella Hinds)

I Florida. F. S. C-7iberlin (April 26): Heavy rains during the past few yee'.s
have been very detrimental to thrips populations in Gadsden, an. very few
are to be fo-nmd on tol-bcco plants.

A CJ.:, FLY (Limr.cbia sp.)

Tennessee. J. Milamn (April 25): Last spring this unusual pest of tobacco
plant beds caused some actual loss of plants due to excessive aer'tion o0
the lry soil at Clarklsville. It also caused considerable apprehension on
the part of the farmers. In the same localities this season th1 sa-ne
farmers report that this pest is practically absent.

A C'AL-. FLY (ce.roto-r s:t.r-jlis Loew)

Florida and Georgia. J. R. 2atson (April 24): A crane i-y larva, rovisi ll
identified as N. suturalis, .' severely damagning newly set to-_-'zco r1 -'ts
S at "'onticello. This i-a ,,;e was -reT-orted to be extensive in Georgia.

A MI (CI (C- tocladius byssinus Sc''.")

1Tortr Carolina. C. K. -ranrnn (April I): T1s species, deter-nined C. T.
Greene, has been present in lar.'c 2n m"bers in tob'c'D plant be..s fr-:.
Ralei east. Growers report that the larvae ar., ver destructive.



FALL CA:2K:R "7-O' (Also-hila om-t~r: Harr.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (April 26): Many eggs of the fall canker worm ;'ere ob-
served on elm trees at Burlington, April 6. These were on the truks be-
low stickrj bands which had been applied last fall. Several adults of the
spring canker worms were noted at the same time.

New York. R. D. Glasgow (April 24): ,gg masses of the fall canker worm arc
unusually abundant in many parts of southeastern NITew York. In 1932 this
insect caused severe injury to, and occasionally complete defoliation of,
ornamental and forest trees in southeastern New York; and similar injury,
in 1933, appears to be in prospect, at least for arts of the same area.

CA::,t' 170RMS (Geometridae)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (April 21): Canker worms are moderately abundant
in Fargo. Moths began to appear April 15.

SPRING CAUKER WORM (Paleacrita vernata Peck)

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (April 1): The first moth, female, was found
April 1 (or 7th writing indistinct) at Brookings.

Kansas. H. B. Hungerford (April 12): Spring canker worms are abundant at
Lavrenrce this season. Fall canr:er worms also are abundant at Lawrence.

GYPSY MOTH (Porthetria dispar L.)

New Jersey. New York Packer (April 1): After no signs of the gypsy moth had
been found in New Jersey for four years and the State was considered to be
free of any-infestation of the insect, employees of the State Department of
Agriculture recently discovered a gypsy moth egg- mass near mountt ?rcc,
in Morris Cointy, the Department has announced. The egg mass found proo'.b ly
represents wind dis-persion fron an undiscovered colony, probably within
several miles of Mount Freedonr, the Department believes. Althou-h it hias
only a skeleton gypsy moth staff, supervisor, and three scouts, it is en-
deavoring to locate the parent infestation by thoroughly scouting in :iden-
ing circles the area surrounding Mount Freedom. Because of reduced Feder'.i
appropriations, the Deprt ,ent has to carry on the v.ork without assistance
from the United States Department of Agriculture. The egg mass sent
to the gipsy moth laboratory of the United States Deoartment of Agriculture,
in Gre-nfield, Mass., and v;as found to be new and viable.

BAGJOR'M (Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis Haw.)

Ohio. E.. 7. "Menden'i-1.ll (April 24): According to the number of h,',-:.s on the
shade trees, the indications are that the baw-orms will be plentiful in t.c
vicinity of Columbus and in southwestern counties. Some property owners
have .,n.lpicked them, which will help to diminish the population of bag-

O-3CCR_ SCALE (Chroto.:!s ocTc r-z Comst.)

Ohio. E. Y7. ed:. 11 (April 24): I found the obsc' scale quite plnti:- -
on s-ade trees in nurseries about Lr.:ton. T-e s.>-ic trees on vhich it .as
forLnd were maples, oaks, and some others.

A CT..YID =- TL-E (Xylotrechus "--"-d.)

Connecticut. 2. P. Felt.. (April 24): A limb pr'uner, X. .ri-.... s
found somev.hat abundant in a European beech hed.-e at :'-e Can.: ., and also
on other beeches in tht; vicinity. In the case of the beech hc:Ie, possi-
bly 5 per cent of the branches were cut off, sc. c of them .-ving a :;'-.-ter
of over 2 inches. This insect has also been recorded fro.-. alder and :;rch.


ELM LAF =EE:TLE (Galerucella x:ant-ho:el!cna Sc"r.)

7. York and Connecticut. E. P. Felt (April 24): El.-: leaf beetles .-.'ere fo--ni
hibernating in numbers, pres'nmably in a building, in the 2ronx, -3ni this,
taken in connection with a simila-r report from Greenr'i2h, Conn., i:.iicates
th-.t the pests are wintering successfully and may be destructive later.

A '71,E37IL (. ,Tilis armicollis Say)

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (April 10): T-.e elm snout beetle is givin us
considerable trouble in the eastern third of the State, ,-here it is de-
stroying the tops of- many of our trees.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (April 23): Specimens of llij:r.-h^ c-o.!sris Lec. v.cre
collected at Pratt by 3. G. X.-,lly, E:xtension Entomologist. -.ese beetles,- feeding in large numbers on an un1nom species of elm.

ELM CASE BEA= (Coleorhcra li-c3ir-ennella up.)

Nev: York. E. P. Felt (April 25): The elm case bearer -as found in very .-:'e
numbers on an elm at Millbrook, some of the partly grown case -'arers being
already on the tips of buds awaiting the appear nr-ice of the ,o'.n leaves.


A CY'IPID (iiv.ol 's.. is persimilis Ashm.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (April 22): On April 8 a correspondent at -'rli i:-., it-
man County, 'sent to this office specimens of live oak tw:i, containi".-
-1 Is caused by D. gersimilis. He indicated t..,,-. t live o:'..- in that vicinity
showed ,:hvy infestations of these '11s.


A CYHIIPID (_r-oon., mnr,- aquaticae Ashm.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle -(April 22): Correspondents at Vagee, Simson Count-, and.
[:,ee, Si-lmD.on Co-nt-;, and
'Meridian, Lauderdale County, recently sent to this office oak tv-igs showing
ver light infestations of galls caused by Dryopobanta sp., probably D. aqa-

A.CEHAr'CD BZETL. (PhyFmatodes testaceus var. variabilis L.)

Tennessee. G. H. Bentley (April): Oak borer very abundant in eastern Tennes-


EUROP1EA1 P2 E SHOOT MO0TH (ihyacionia buoliana Schfff)

Neo En-lani, Ne,- York, and New Jersey. E. P. Felt (April 24): The Z tropean
pine shoot moth continued prevalent in southwestern c7'.".' England, south-
eastern Nevw York, and northern I -'; Jersey, individual pines being so bad-
ly infested as to produce stubby masses at the ends of a large proportion
of the shoots.

SOUTEPR PI=S BE2TLE (Dendroctonus frontalis Zimm.)

Middle Atlantic States. R. A. St. George (April 19): For the first time in
40 years D. frontalis has reap-peared in epidemic status w-ithin thie .nost
northern limits of its range. It is kno'n to have infested at least tvo
counties in southern Pennsylvania, several localities between Washington,
D. C., and Cumberland, Mdi, and Fairfax Coa.nty, Va. Although several
species of pines have been attacked, virgin s"ortleaf has -nrobabl suf-
fered most. E:_<.TirL-tion of samples fromn several hundred acres of ner-
chantable pine timber near Fairfax, Va., revealed heavir broods of the beetle
that have successfully overvintered in the stems of the trees. 7oolrecl-ers
have worked the mid and upper portions of the trunks quite heavily, proba-
bly aiding materially in reducin; the numbers of the pest. The infested
trees are believed to rave been weakened as a result of the drought vhich
has prevail-ed in this -_gion for the past tvo ypars. Combined cith this,
mild '-inters have favrTed insect development. This is regarded as the
most notable outbreW-': of this beetle since that of 1893 in this section.

RED T7hP:ii:.-2 BEETLE (Dendroctonus valens Lee.)

Pennsylvania. J. N. Knull (April 18): The first adults were observed in
flight at Hurmmelstown on April 18.


SITMA SPRUCE GALL AUPHID (Gillettea cooleyi Gill.)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (April 22): Present in 3ethlehem and Southington.
In both instances the old galls only were submitted and e:'ai:;ed.

SPRUCE GALL APHID (Adelges abietis Kalt..)

Michigan. R. H. Pettit (April 25): Inquiries are coming: in about the j Ri-o
apple gall of spruce. These s-)ecimens came from Aiteall. AKY




BEET FLEA BETLE (:isor:ych. ntho: lcna l_.)

Mississinpi. C, Lyle (April 22): Severe injury to K-.lox r.i sweet -illia
plants by D. xnnth-melaer- was reported from Clarksil.e, Co-rzor County,
on April 10.

R0O-7-:D-HEJ)ED APPLE TRBEE BORER (Saperda candida F.:b.)

Alabama. J. ',. Robinson (April 21): The round-headed apple tree borer is
moderately abundant on dogwood in Birmingham and Hsuntsvi.lle.

FLOWER THRIPS (Frankliniella tritici Fitch)

South Carolina. Alfred Lutklen (April 24): The flower thrips, F. tritici,
and others, .ere present in'large numbers on spirea, dogwood, and wildi
cherry by April 15.

COTTOYf-CUSHION SC.'LE (Icerya Ma}fsk.)

Georgia. J. B. Gill (April 26): The cotton,' cushion scale infestations con-
tinue to be reported from scattered localities in the southern portion
of Georgia, where ornamentals have been severely injured.

QTI'.TCE LLC--JG (Cor-th'uch c io rniae*Fitch)

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (April 24):' Lacebug, C. ,.yioni?.e, vork waf... .
somewhat prevalent upon the evergreen thorn or so-calle fire thorn in

RHODODENROIT LA.CE3UG (Ster-,. nriitis r'hododendri ::orv.)

New England. E. P. Felt (April 24): The rhododeniron lace bug, S. re'.o2L'-
dri, is somev',at abundant and injurious in southv.estern '.,.T E-.-., south-
eastern Tevw York, and northern The'" Jersey.

S'J;; MUPLE T 2E-R BEETLE (Corthylus r-u-Ictntissi- T-" Zi=)

New Jersey. E. P. Felt (April 24): The pitted ambrosia beetle, C. u.ct.tip-
simus, was found somnr-v.L-.t prevalent in rhododendrons at E.,nglewTood, possi-
bly 10 per cent of the stems being infested in a consid-rable la.tir .


FLORIDA FLOT7ER TIRIPS (Frankliniella tritici bisninosa Morg.)

SFlorida. J. R. Watson (April 2:): The ?loridr flower thrips has been un-
isually injurious, especia-lly on roses. It destroyed absolutely all
'-*isteria blooms in the vicinity of $P.inesville. It has been ^'*d.-"-t also
in Japonica blosso-s.

ROSE SCALE (-LalEcasois rose Bouche)

West Virginia. L. H. Peairs (April 24): The rose scale is moderately
on raspberries in Fayette County.

Ohio. E. Mendei-.all (April 24): I find rose plants and some blac':berry
plantations in Fairfield County badly in-Ifested 1ith the rose sc:,l&,-. It is
not so hard to control, but here the plants are so badly infested it seems
to be due to neglect.

ROSE APHID (Macrosiphum rosae L.)
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (April 21): The rose aphid is moderately abundant on
roses in Elberta.


BLACK VINE WZEVIL (Brachyrhinus sulcatus Fab.)

Connecticut. 7. E. Britton (April 2?): A Tax-us plant 3 feet tall had yellow
leaves and on digging it u-o the roots had the bark eaten off in patches
and 5 larvae of this beetle were found submitted, and identified. Many
such instances have come to our attention during the past fer 7e-ears.

OBLIQUE-BAIDED L142' ROLLER (Cacoecia rosaceana Hnrr.)

Washington. 1. H. Hatch ('T.rch 31): Archij-s rosaceana is attack-nd' geranium
and other plants in the greenhouse on the. University campus a:t Seattle in
considerable abundance.


D 0 MH S T I C A 1T I _A, L S

MOSQUIT:ES (Culicinae)

Oregon and IUashington. H. H. Stage (Arnril 19): Aedes pullatus Coq. was very
abundant in the Olympic National Forest. Found in collections of rain
water in trail. Theobaldia incident Freeborn was moderately abundant for
20 miles along upper Hot River. T'.-o;, v.ere not particularly troublesome to
huormr. but settled mostly on :orses.

SAND FLY (Culicoides sopp.)
Georgia and South Carolina. '7. 2. Dove and D. G. Hall (April): C. canithorax ToA.
was very abundant and annoying; during March and the early part of April in
Brunsvick and Savannah, Ga., and in Charleston, South Carolina. T.c inci-
dence had an abrupt decline "wen the spring tides of April occurred. C.
dovei Hall is appearing at Savannah, Ga., (April 20); This species will be
accompanmied by C. melleus Coq.and the two will be annoying throu.` Lut the


snmmner rnmnths. C. gutti-penis Coo. and C. biguttatuis Coq. h:-.c beer. reared
from lar;e numbers of the .:ot holes in trees, and these species are be-i-.-
nin., to occur in nature. During the .-rin. months, c..-.. flies ,.ro found in
3 to 5 miles front salt marshnt bre.dir. places. Th-.y are abundant ac-ut h.eris
of dairy cattle.

EYE G1:AT (Hirelates spr'. )

Geor-ia. 7. E. Dove and D. G. Hall (April 20): iur.nreds of -ippelates were
caught in a home made trap.v"hich located on a hi.,-'- in a salt
-mrsh in Savannah. Tie trap v'as baited wit'h fish .-'l in salt vater. As
yet these nests are not annoying to man.

T...s. D. C. Parmnn (April 25): Eye -naits are abundant to very in
some sections.


2H3RT-:IOSED CATTLE LOUSE (HIaeatopinns eurysternus !Titz.)

iebrasla. M. H. Svenk (NMarch 25 to Aoril 20) Another re-oort of an infestation
of cattle vith the sho:t-nosed louse (H. eirysternus) was received
from Cister County during the first ve(k in April.

C'-TTTLE GFR7J3 (Hyrr'drt-. spp.)

io..'... R. 7 ,ells (April 24): A few H. bovis DeG. had .*ro.pp-i by this date.
We estimate the dropping to have be&un about April 5. This species is by
far the more abundant of the tvo in the northeastern part of lov-a.

NTorth Dakota. J. A. Munro (April 21): Of 66 steers exa7.i'-.5i at Fargo by P. F.
TroW-brid-e and F. 7. Christinson, of the State 'Aricultural 1llege, ':arc*,
16, only 37 ;-ere free of grubs. Thne 31 infested averag-::. nearly 2
per ani-.. L.

^TR .LY (T::at.bia. irritans L.)

Texas. D. C. Farman (April 25): 200 to 2500 per animal.
*--,-T .%


Pennsylvania. Monthly Letter of the urea-u of 3ntomology, U. ? . A., o. 22
(Jamary): Ecto-oarasites of deer in P-n.Ilvania. -- Harold S. Feters,
.-j--:ma Park, Md., spent Decenber 5 to 7 studying the ectoFarnsites of deer
in south-central Penrsvlvrr.i-, a. continuation of a cooperative st.-," :-...e
in the decr-hunting seasons of 19.0 and 1331. Anr examination of 19 deer
yielded 34 Tri llrPeu. c vl:.:.-i..- Foeters, 4 C,-..:*r '.".iri''" crassicornis
(:itzsch), end 28 D__rm,.cc._tor nirlii-.e-t, Pcr, .-. voters sys, "It
is interesting to note that only o:e .-:ecies of bitin- louse -.-z fou'.id, as
in other parts of the Stote tvo stiecies have `becn fou:-... I'o c-ecily


heavy infestation was observed. But this information does show us that
there is a sufficient infestation of external parasites to cause severe should conditions become favorable for a sudden increase. The past
three years' survey shows that the lice and ticks are found on deer through-
out the main deer sections of Pennsylvania." T. virginianus has been col-
lected in 13 counties. "This species of biting louse makes up about 90
per cent of the biting lice on Pennsylvania deer and was undescribed until
1930." T. narallelus (Osborn), another biting louse, has been found in 7
counties. "This is the so-called commonn deer louse' but really makes up
only about 10 per cent of the biting lice on Pennsylvania deer." C. crassi-
cornis, a sucking louse, nor oly rather rare on eastern deer, vas found
in 7 counties. The tick D. nigrolineatus was found in 9 counties of the


BUFFALO GIlATS (Simulidae)

Mississippi. State Plant Board of Mississippi (April 9): Reports reaching
the Entomology Department indicate that buffalo gnats are present in large
numbers in the vicinity of Greenwood, and t-it livestock are suffering
from their attacks. Their presence in numbers is attributed locally to
the rising of the flood waters. Many planters are already burning smudges
in fields and around barnyards.
C. Lyle and assistants (April): The outbreak of buffalo gnats, reported in
a previous number of the Insect Pest Survey Bulletin, has very materially
subsided, although reports of abundance are still being received fro-m many
parts of the State. (Abstract, J.A.M.)

BOTFLIES (Gastrophilus spp.)

Iowa. Monthly Letter of the Bureau of Entomology, U. S. D. T., To. 225 (January):
Botfly larvae in horses' tongues decrease with the advance of winter.--To
determine "how late in the winter, in the northern latitudes, horses may
continue ingestion of botfly (G. intestinalis DeG.) larvae issuing from the
eggs carried by the host after the last of the fly activity," 3. F. Knipling,
Aimes, Iowa, made a count of all larvae found in 20 tongues purchased from
a disposal. plant. The following counts in tongues examined on different
dates show the waning infestation: On December 1, 52 larvae in 5 tongues;
on December 9, 31 larvae in 3 tongues; on December 10, 114 larvae in 2
tongues; on December 13, 63 larvae in 3 tonrues; on December 17, 23 larvae
in 5 tongues; and on December 31, 7 lrrvoe in 2 tongues. The stom-chs
and duodena of 8 of these horses were examined and following are the find-
ings: 938 G. nasalis L. in the duodena; 603 G. intestinalis DeG. in the
stomachs; 1 G. hae-nmorrhoidalis L. in a stomach."


SHEEP BOTFLY (Oestrus ovis L.)

Michigan. R. H. Pettit (April 25): I received today two samples of grub-in-the-
head of sheep, sent in to me from Marion. I am sending you this record,
since it is so unusual in Michigan. These two samples were sneezed out and
were accomrpnied with bloody mucous s is usunl.

-9 g;z-



TERI >ITES (Rcticuitcr-rezc spp.)

United States. T. 2. Snyder (March): During March 195 cases of termite dam-
aCe ';ere reported to the 2.:rl,-li of Entomology. The following list livess
the number of crses reported from each section: .::e'7 Erlan, 3; '.ie-'le
Atlantic, 94; South Atlantic, 24; Ea'st Central, 25; North Centrr-, 4; -est
Central, 6; Lower Mississippi, 30; South-9est, 2; Pacific Coast, 7.

:.est Virginia. L. M. Peairs (April 24): Many re-oorts of termites :-e leen
received from Morgantov;n, Huntington, and other points.

Ohio. E. "J. Mendenhall (April 24): Complaints have come in concer:-.l:-:- ter-
mites working their '... through cellars and in ibundL--tions of buildin,-s
in Colu.-b-us, and found doing da.n'ae in gr-enhouses in Dayton. If not de-
stroyed, they m'y do considerable damage.

Illinois. J. H. Bigger (April 17): Termites very abundant Arril 15. 'h.ey
*-ere seen swarming March 18 at Jacksonville. I have exTm,.incd 8 orocerties
in the last few weeks.

Kentucky. 7. A. Price (April 24): During the past three veelhs, .rril 3 to
24, vinged termites have been extant and inquiries have been received from
all sections of the State.

Iowa. C. J. Dral-e (April): Termites have been increasing in numbers in Iowa
for the past 10 years. Considerable " is being done in the southern
half of the State, particularly along the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers
and in Des Moines.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (April 23): April 8, termites v.ere discovered doir.g
extensive damage to maple floors and casings of doors in a modern
buildi:-ig at 'hii.s ttan. This as a v-ood-.n floor laid on cement. States
driven into the ground, making contact with the joists, furnished a means
of connection between the floor and the ground. It is estimated that
around $5,000 loss has been incurred. (April 15): Termites -ere reported
inje'ring a dvelling; at Atchison. Either ter'mite injury is on the increase
or people have become interested to such an extent as to look for it.
Probably both conditions are true.

l.ebrash-a. ,. H. Swenk ('4arch 25 to April 20): Termites (R. tibialis '-s.)
were ru-orted during the first half of April as a.ving badly" in.'red a
house in Omaha and destroyed trees in J'r-;s County.

Te,*ncssee. G. M. B3.ntley (April): here --ere svar-ns of i.-e'-i ad-.lts in
li-zabethton on M.arch 25, and in ihox.ille on M'arch -' and A'pril 2.
Califor0.i.:. R. Boi?-ue (April 7): '.ere '`ve been considerable sorin.z fli "-ts of
termiteS, starting, about atrch 25, to date, mostly R. a'"->r 5 i:s. vith a
fe" R. tibialis in Los .'An, eles.


BEDBUG (Cimex lectul-riu3 L.)

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (April 10): An unusually large number of requests f
information concerning destruction of bedbugs were received by us during the
past winter.

CLOV3 MITE (Bryobia nraetiosa Koch)
Connecticut. W7. E. Britton (April 22): The clever mite was found crawling about
over papers in a small wood office building remodeled from an old stable at
Tadison. The o7-ner thought that possibly it was a stable pest. ts of this
mite were also received from Jest Haven on bark of red pine, in February.

BOXELDER BUG (Leptocoris trivittatus Say)
.aryland. E. N. Cory (April 21): The boxelder plant bug continues to be seen
in numerous places.

Jisconsin. E. L. Chambers (April 25): Many inquiries concerning the ravages of
the boxelder bu- are continuing to come into the office, as the pest is be-
coming active and crawling about the premises again with the approach of warm
weather. Last sumner seems to have been one of the most severe boxelder bug
years -;;e have had in 'Jisconsin, according to our records, for many years.
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (April 10): Boxelder bugs are more abundant than
usual and giving us considerable trouble because they are invading homes.
Eastern third.
3RO.T_" SPIDER BEETLE (Ptinus brunneus Dufts.)
Wyoming. C. L. Corkins (April 10): (Farmers State Bank of Jay -m) --A customer
of ours brought these insects to us and asked that we send them in. It seems
that swarms of these insects are around their yard and in their house and
other buildings. They have tried every way that they nMow of to get rid of
them in tlhe house but do not have any success. ***This is the first year
that these insects have appeared there. A residence just across the road
from them is not bothered with them at all. These people are very clean and
their premises are kept well cleaned up. They do not have any cattle yards
or barns near the house. They did get so-ne soil from a water hole to fill in
a place that blowed out in their yard and they thought that these bugs might
have come from that soil although the party living across the road from them
also got some of this same soil and does not have any of these bugs around.
1IRG7-7I7, AI\T (Iridomyrmex humilis Mayr)

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (April 21): The Argentine ant is moderately abundant in
houses in Demotolis.

DOG FLEA (Ctenocenhalides canis Curt.)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (March 25 to April 20): On April 1, ac Polk County cor-
respondent reported that he noticed fleas (C. canis) on his place for the
first time last A-:ust. Vhen cold weather started they stopped bothering,
but were again annoying beinnin- the last reek in March.

BLACK '7ID07 SI:EC?, (LathTdectes mactan. F-b.)
California. R. Bogue (April 7): Quite a few black ,'.*ido-r spiders, L. m.a.ct-ns,
are being found at this time. They have appeared somewhat earlier this


C. H. Ballou
San Jose, Costa Rica
(Unless otherwise indicated, observations were made at
San Pedro de Montes de Oca)


Aleurocanthus voglumi Ashbhy was present on sweet orr.inge durin-g March.

Daring January, February, and Mlarch Aulacaspis pcr.ta-or.a -ar:. was a&:.rdar.t
and injurious on Diospyros virginiana L. and peach.

In March Ceroplastes floridensis was attacking croton and sweet
orange at San Pedro de Montes de Oca and Lourdes.

Chrysormphalus dictyos-:err.i Morg. was very harmful on mango and sour orar.nge
during March.

Isc.hnazpis longirostris Sign. was -found on mango March 7.

Pseudococcus citri Risso was present on sweet orange March 17.

Pseudococcus virgatus Ckll. was harnm.ful to croton during ,arch.

Pulvinaria psidii Mask. was found on Dios-oyros kaki March 7, on D.
virginiana March 13, and during the month on ylang-ylarng.

Saissetia hemisphaerica Targ. was taken on toronjo (Citrus sp.) March 10,
and on coffee March 22.

Trionynus sacchari Ckll. was reported on sugarcane M.a,'ch 10.

Lepidosaphes beckii Newmn. was very harmful to sweet orange duri--z March.


Aphis illinoisensis Shim. was harmful to muscadine grapes during March.

Aphis 2E0^ DeG. was taken on apple March 6.

Toxoptera aurantii Boyer was doinr serious d:a,-ae on IMarch 31 on tender
leaves of coffee plants that had been defoliated by Cer:-ospora coffeicola B. & C.
I.Mrch 6, at Lourdes, and March 14 at San Pedro de Montes de Oca it was observed
as very harr.ful on sweet orange.

Anoecia sp.,a root aphid, (close to A. querci Fitch), was busily at work,
with other insects, on rice and the rice suffered heavily, :o'.-el-.'er 12 to
December 18, 1932. (Det. P. W. Mason.)


Cicadella sexlineata SiL-:.. was reporte-i on geranium (Pe1a:.-o.i March 12.


Cicadella pardalina Fowl. was reported on mango March 9 and on Dillenia
indica L. March. 29. ..

Graphocephala coccinea Forst. was present on croton during March.

Graphocephala versuta Say was reported on mango March 24.

Aconophora pallescens Stal was very harmful on papaya during March. It was
also reported attacking avocado March 6, and sweet orange March 10.

Aethalion quadratum Fowl. was reported March 31 as very harmful on avocado.

Aethalion reticulatum L. was reported on ylang-ylang March 16.

During March the membracid Stictocephala festina Say was found on New Zeala,
spinach and soybeans.

During March Membracis mexicana Guer. was breeding on balsam (Impatiens
balsamina). It w-,Ls also reported on ranr-'o March 10 and on soursop and annatto
March 20.

Antianthe expansa Germ. was reported on avocado on March 17.

Bolbonota insignis Sign. reported March 10, as attacking mango.


Corythucha gossypii Fab. was very harmful on soursop during March. There
were numerous young on March 29.

Acanthocephala declivis Say var. guatemala Dist. was reported on sweet
orange March 20.

During March Leptoglossus' zonatus Dall. was a very harmful pest on tomato
and also very injurious to the fruit of tree tomato. It was reported on coffee
March 10 and on soybean March 31.

Stenomacra marginella H. S. was infesting avocado during the entire month
of March and nymphs were very abundant. It was reported on cioton and breeding
on guineo (Musa sapientum L.) March 10.

During March Collaria oleosa Dist. was an important pest on soybeans and
tomato foliage and very harmful on wheat, da;,,?ging almost all the foliage of
some varieties. March 10 it was reported on carrot.


Diabrotica balteata Lec. was a serious pest on New Zealand spinach, soy-
beans, and the foliage of tomato during March. It was reported March 6 on
apple, March 9 and 27 on peach, M:arch 10 on wheat, and March 22 on nuscadine

Diabrotica vittata Fab. was reported attackin:r Diospyros kaki Maarch 1.

Diabrotica porracea Har. was present on soybean March 16.

November 12 to December 18, 1932, Diabrotica rnu=ularis Har. is abu-.i-.rt
and destructive on the tender new leaves that are ;-i- ..n:-- to ap-e' on
grapes; also eats the leaves of c-uisaro (Fsidiln molle 'trtol.). H 1-'fl to
potato; also busily at work on rice. Destructive in the flowers of rose; ham-
ful on tomato; very harm..ful on turnip; resp-oonsible for considerable l_--.&afe to
wheat. (Det. H: S. Barber.)

November 12 to December 18, 1932, the bceetle Diabrotica viridula Fe'. was
responsible for considerable damage to wheat at San Pedro de Montes Oca.
(Det. H. S. Barber.)

Th.C beetle Diabrotica ? sp. is responsible for considerable .; a.-e to ."heat,
Collected specimen December 7, 1932. (Det. H. S. Barber.)

The beetle Cerotoma sp. is harmful to cucumbers. Collected U'ov. 2-, l-:2.
(Det. H. S. Barber.)

The beetle Cerotoma rocersi Jac. ? was still present on beans (Fhr.seolus
v1'lparis L.) November 12 to December 18, 1932. January 15, C. ro-crsi Jac. ?
was present on Casuarina equisetifolia L.
Cerotoma rowersi Jac. ? was taken on ?Ph.-seolus vulgaris L. Aa.-ust 31, 1932.
(Det. H. S. Barber.)

3pitrix fuscata Jac.-Duv. was taken on muna7iine grape March 22 and was an
irmortant pest on soybean March 13. During March this was a serious pest on the
foliage of tomato.

Haltic-is canus Dist. was reported during March on wheat and on Earch. 14 on
soOb .:.

Guisaro (Psidium molle Bertol.). The weevil Attelapcus (Xesto.1:.u3)
conicollis ;.aip eats the leaves. I took it in San Pedro de onesnts .e Oca in
November 1932, and in El Cacao in January 1932. (Det. L. L. Buchanan.)

o'v:t.ber 12 to December 18, the weevil Geraeus lenrinoifos ?o':. was
appoare tly harmful in the flowers of avocado. (Det. L. L. B-_-chanan.)

k.ovemfber 12 to December 18 the beetle -. roctus (?su-bdeletus 7,.tes) is
usually found between the. lIcavts of avocado that have been webbed together by
cateri-Allars. (Det. L. L. :.nhanan.)

d7ovember 12 to December 18 the beetle Crvtorhooal"r., sp. is usc.-lr; fo.:.d
betereen the leaves of avocado that have been -webbed to-ether by caterpill::rs.
(Det. E. S. Barber.)

DIP :_:.

: rin'; I-. .'ch ToxotrT-ea:'.a curvicauda Gerst. was very har-f" on : .',a.
This insect destroys Ik'j per cent of the fruit.
T 7?' n TT%1*1 -' "7,_

.-s, la:.i( and pmain.- of the butterfly --raolis "toe ._t. were r:'esent
on 'r' :dilla (Passiflora li,-ularis A. Juss.). This .i an irmort.-'t pest. Karch
4, 19 ..


Daring March the moth Stenoma sororia Zeller was an important pest on

During March Pieris elodia Bdv. was present on nasturtium. (Tropaeolu.
majas) .

Daring 2;arch Azochis ,ripusalis w:l1:. ,as very harmful to fig.

On March 10 P-pilio polyxenes Cr. vras ovipositing on carrot.

During, March Jocara claudalis Iosch. was Observed on avocado; and J.
subcu.-valis Schs. vwas very harr.mful on avocado March 27.

I1 1 1 1I,1 II iI I0 9II I6 I
3 1262 09244 6052