The Insect pest survey bulletin


Material Information

The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]


Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:

Full Text





A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States
issued on the first of each month from March to December, inclusive.

Volume 12 March 1, 1932. Number 1















Cal if


mna 3r. J. M. Robinson, Alat'-.t Polytec'-inic Institute, Avbur

na Mr. C. D. Lebert, P. 0. Box 2006, Phoenix

Isasi Dr. W, J. Baerg, University of Arkansas, Pyetteville
Mr. Dwight Isely, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

ornia Dr. W. B. Heras, University of California, Berkeley
Prof. E. 0. Essig, University of California, Berkl:eley
Mr. Stewart Lockwood, Bureau of Plant Quarantine and
Control Deportmen t n f AP'ri mfl tirp Facraeneto

Mr. H. S.
Dr. A. 7.




Fl orida














Smith, Citrus Experiment Station, Riverside
Morrill, 815 Hill Street, Los Angeles

G. S. Hensill, University of California, Berkeley
J. F. La-niman, University of California, Berceley
A. E. Michelbacher, University of California, Berkeley
L. ",. Smith, Deciduous Fruit Field Station, Route 1,
Box 232, San Jose
F. H. ,Tynore, College of Agriculture, Davis

C. P. Gillette, State Algricultural College, Fort Collins

. S. Britton, .r-ricultural Ex-oerirrent Station, New Haven
. P. Felt, Bartlett Research Laboratory, Starnford

L. A. Stearns, Agricultural Zxpcriment Station, Newark-

Vilmon Newell, Agricultural Sxperi-nent Station, Gainesville
.T. D. 3crg?, State Plant Board, Geinesville
J. R. 7atson, Agricultural Ixperi-nment Station, Gainesville
H. T. Fcrnr,ld, 707 :ast Concord Ave., Orlando

M. S. Yeomans, State Board of -ntomology, Atlanta
C. H. A" cn, State Board of Entomology, Cornelia
J. B. Chill, Box 444, Albany

Prof. Claude 'Jakeland, University of Idaho, Moscow

Mr. W. P. Flint, State '-_,.tural History Survey, Urbana
Dr. T. H. Friion, State Natural Histor- Survey, Urbana

Prof. J. J. Davis, Pa'rdue University, Lf'vctte

D. Carl J. Dr Mr. H. E. Jaq;ues, Iowa TUesleyan Collogo, Mt. Plcas.a:t

Prof. Geo. A. Dean, Kansrs State Agricultural College, Manhattan
Dr. H. B. Hungerford, University of Kansas, Lawrence
Prof. H. R. Bryson, Kansas State Aqricultural College, M'anhattan



Control De-nart ent of Apricalture Sacramento
1 9



Loui siana



"'.assachusett s


Mi ssi ssi-oi





New Hain shire

New Jersey

l:cw Mce:-ico

Nc,.' Yo rki

Iorth Carolina

Prof. *7. A. Price, University of Kentucky, Lcxington

Dr. .7. 3. Hinds, Louisiana State University, Barton Ro-ge
Dr. H. L. Dozier, IKew Orleans

Dr. H. B. Peirson, State of caine Forest Service, Ag':sta
Dr. C. R. Pi.ipps, AI.ricultutal :-perimcnt Station, Orono

Dr. E. N. Cory, University of Maryland, Col'.co Park

!!r. A. I. Bo'xrne, Agricultural _oeri-mcnt Station, A-Lnerst

Prof. R. H. Pettit, Michigan State College of Agriculture,
-.3st L!Insing

Prof. A. G. Rug 1es, University of 'finnosota, University
Farm, St. Pn.l
Prof. A. A. Granovc'h:., University of Minnesota, University
Farm, St. Paul

Mr. Clay Lyle, State Plant Board, A. & M. College

Dr. L. Haseman, University of Missouri, Columbia
Mr. K. C. Sullivan. Bnard of A2'icIltv,. Jefferson City

Mr. R. W. Gjullin, Agricultural Experiment Station, Bozernan

Prof. H. H. Swenk, University of Nebraskca, Lincoln
!Mr. Don B. T,-,elan, University of :-ebraszka, Lincoln
:'r. L. M. Gates, De-artment of kAriculture, Lincoln

Mr. G. G. Schveis, University of Nevada, Reno

Mr. L. C. Glover, Ag;ricultural -Kperiment Station, Durham

Dr. T. J. en-'- cc, Univorsitv of New Jersey, :Tew Br-nswick
Mr. Harry 3. 7ejss, Chief, Bureau of Statistics and Inspection,
Denart I-; nt o A -ric .ture, Trenton

Dr. J. R. 3yer, Collegeo of A,'riculture, State Colle-e

Prof. C. R. Cros"b, Corncll Universitr, Iti-haca
Dr. 1. D. Gla .-.rv'", -:ew York: Stote Mus x"n, Albany
M'r. P. J. Parro, A.-ricultral :peri-ment Station, Geneva
1r. P. J. C'7oTr, :'* York State 3I.:pcri-nent Station, Gencva

Dr. Z. P. ct-calf, North Carolinai State College, State
College Station, Rale: '.'
Dr. R. '7. Lei:.', Conmission of A;,riculture, Raleigh

North Dakota


* Oklahoima



Rhode Island

Sulh Carolina

South Dakota








Prof. J. A-. Munro, NTorth Dakota Agricultural College, State
Collc;c Stat{on4 Fargo

Dr. J. S. Houser, Itricultural Experi.nent Station, Wooster
Dr. Herbert Osborn, Ohio State University, Columrbus
Mr. T. H. Parks, Ohio State University, Columbus
Mr. E. 7. Mendenhall, Ohio State Department of Agriculture,
97 Brighton Road, Columbus

Prof. C. E. Sanborn, 01lahoma Agricultural and :echanical
College, Stillwater
Mr. C. F. Stiles, Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical
College, Stillwater

Dr. Don C. Mote, Oreg-n State A.ricultural College, Corvallis

Dr. T. L. Gu;ton, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg
Prof. H. E. Ho>-g:_iss, Pennsylvania State College, State
Mr. A. B. Ch-.-iplain, Bureau of Plant Industry, H!-rrisburg
,r. H. B. Kirk, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg
1r. J. N. Knull, Forest Research Institute, Bureau of Plant
Industry, Mont Alto
!r. G. F. "acLeod, Pennsy.lvania State College, State College
Mr. J. R. Stear, c/o Koppers Experinent Far-n, Ligonier
Mr. C. A. ;-.onas, Pennsylvania State College, XennettSquare
Mr. H. N. 'Torthley, Pennsylvania State College, State College
Mr. W. B. Mabee, Pennsylvania State College, State College

Dr. A. E. Stene, State Department of Agriculture, Kingston

Prof. Franiclin glner-nan, Clemson College
Mr. Alfred Lutkcn, Clemson College

Prof. H. C. Scverin, South Da2,ota State College of Agriculture
and Mechan'ca! Art, Brookings

Prof. G. '.. Bentley, State Board of Agriculture, Knoxville

Dr. F. L. Thomnas, Agricul;tural experiment Station,
College Station

Prof. G. F. Knowlton, A.gricultural experiment Station, Logan

Mr. H. L. B:3ilcy, State Depart-nment of Agriculture, 7.ontpelier

Dr. W. J. Schoene, Virginia Agricultural D-'-riment Station,
Blac'- sbrg
Mr R. 77illey, Division of Plant Industry, 1112 State
Office Building, Richmond
Mr. H. G. '7al:e-or, Virginia Truck xcpriment Station, Norfolk

Prof. R. L. U'ebstcr, State College of 'Jashington, Pullim.nJ
r. M H. Hatch, University of 7as-i-n.gton, Seattle


7cst Virginia

.7i sconsin


Porto Rico

Prof 7. .7 RxRuscy, A-ricultural Expcri-ncnt Station,
Mo rgantown
Dr. L. "'. Peairs, W7est Vir-ginia University, Iorgantown

Mr. E. L. OCha-bcrs, State De'part-ct of Ariculture, Madison
Dr. C. L. Flu2:c, University of "Jisconsin, !.adi.son

Mr. A. G.-Stephens., Depprt".-nt of- Agriculture., Cheyenne
Mr. C. L. -Corkins, Universit', of '7yo-.'n Laramie
Mr. 0. H. Svwezey, Haraii an Sugar Plantors' Association,
Ho no lulu

Dr. Alfonso Da'npf, Avenidn In3:r-centcs 171, San Jacinto,
Mexico, D. F.

Mr. ". D. Leonard, Insular Station, Rio Piedras
M1r. G. IT. Jolcott, Insular D:peri-ent Substation, Isabela


Vol 12. March 1 1932 :'. 1


Mhe abnormally mild, winter temperatures that prevailed over the greater
part of the ZSstern and Southern States and the unusually early spring are
closely associated with a number of very unusual insect conditions in many
parts- of the United States.

nLaturally, following the very serious grasshopper devastations of last
year, these insects are attracting a good deal of attention. An abundant
snowfall, in the 7est Central and 7orth Central States !nd comparatively mild
temperatures over the southern part of this area are accompanied by a very
high. survival of grassho--oer eggs in 7isconsin and the Dalotas. Egg capsules
collected in INorth 3akota and brought into the laboratory gave a 95 ner cent

In the extreme South cutworm moths have been observed -Dracticplly all
winter, and during the months of January and February cutworms have occa-
sioned very considerable damage throughout the Gulf region.

O471r. to ver',- favor'",le winter conditions, the Hessian fly seems to be
prescnt in threatening numbers i_ many -arts of the :.-iot Central States, as
is also the chinch bug. The latter insect is in hibernation quarters in ex-
cellent condition from Illinois wezt'.,rd.

In the So-uthl Atlantic State2, fro-m VirT4nia to Georia and Mississippi,
the green bug is more -irevralen.t than it has been for many -.'ears and is caus-
ing some injury in isolated', fields.

The sugarcane borer did not hibernate this winter in the cane fields of
Louisiana, but active l.arvae were found all winter.

A high. rivall of codling moths is re-ported from New Yorkl to Georgia
westward to Illinois and Missouri.

The large ropuilations of the 'San Jose scale that built u0 during 1931
have ap-arently passed the winter with very low mortality. The insect is
q.ite generally re-nrted as increasin.17-_' abundant from KTew York': to Georgia
and west.-ard to Illinois, Michigan, an, Missouri.



Overwinterin2 larvae of the oriental fruit moth began pupating early
in February and by the end of the month over 11 -oer cent of the overwinter-
ing larvae had, nupated in Georgia and a.i.lts were starting to em-erge.

In the Gulf district of Alabama and Mississi-pi the vegetable weevil
has attracted -orobably more attention than any other truck-cro-o insect.
This com,-rn.ratively newly introduced ecst is continuing to s-nread north-.vard.

The mild, dry winter alone ; the South Atlantic se-,board from- :.orth Caro-
lina to Georgia, and around the Gulf to Mississi-oui, resulted in what ap-
)ears to be an unprecedented outbreak of the false chinch bug. The insect
severely_ inju-red many garden crors, -oarticularly mu-stard, turnip, carrot,
cabb-- c, and lettuce.

The open winter also rmade it possible for the im-orted cabbage worm
and the di--.ond-back moth to continue ;,or- throughout the wia'ter, resulting
in very serious damage in many of the 7-inter-truc_-growi- sections from
Virginia southward to Georgi-a and around the Gulf to Texas. Over much of
this region cabbage was also infcstd b- the cabba.e looper, the cabbage
web7wor-n, and the cabba2e 7 oi

The harlequin bug was more or e-,- active all winter in Virginia, and laid eggs were observe! in the field in the Norfolk district during
the last week in January and the firs', week in Febr-uary. Probably o-'ing to
this mild vintcr, the insect is rec:orted as unusually abundant in the South-
eastern and. Gulf States.

Canker v.orns beg.n emerging during the first week in Jru-iry in eastern
Kansas. There was a very heavy emergence of the fall canker worm during the
second week in Februarry, and a similorl-- heavy emergence of the spring
car2cer v.orm during the fourth reck of February.

In that part of the lower peninsula of Michigann where walkingsticks de-
foliated large ar-'s in 19.70, the eggs did not hatch during 1931, and at the
present time are so numerous that in some rlaccs as hir-h as 50 ,g-s to the
square foot are foundl bene-th the trees.

The boxelder bug has been v.r'-r tr-' bles'mc in the northern port of its
rang-e fror Marrand to Tohw. che --l. -. ....trer wcther has agerrv-ated the
nuisance of the ecntry of hoss bi- '.se insects.

Buffalo n."ts ,'."ed in the M"ississinpi Delta about the middle of
January, vinch is rrobarbly the e',rlist record of the anpearance of this
insect in th'-t district. T'-.e'- have not, so f,-r, be n u'nu;.aa.lly abund.nt.



GRASSHTOPPZES (Acrididae) .'





North Dakota




Wyor ing

C. R. Willey (February 23): Schistocerca arericana Drury
is moderately a'cndant. Many -are seen in the woods on
January 23 while hunting at Alberta, Brunswick County. The
grasshoppers would fly -p like birds and take to the trees.

J. B. Gill (-ebruary 22): Adults of Melpnoplus femur-rubm
DeG. and other spec ies have remained active during the winter.

J. R. Watson (February 23): S. am.ericana is moderately
abundant over all Florida.

E. L. ChT-.rbers (February 24): While we have no definite
data on the overwintering of grasshoppers, the snow in the light
sand areas usually most "'eivlv, infested has been sufficient to
effort quite favorable winter protection, while the southern
half of the State has as yet had practically no sno7 and very
frequent and radical changes from s'-b-zero to very high
terperatures, which should be very unfavorable for survival.

J. A. Munro (February 23): Of the various insects of economic
importance, grasshoppers of the destructive species are causing
the most concern. Samples of soil containing thousands of
grasphoper egs', sent in recently from infested areas,
indicate that the ezgs are wintering over in almost perfect
condition. Then reared in an incubator these eg-s showed a
95 per cent hatch. Pembina, Walsh, and Grand Forks Counties
-ere the most seriously infested 7ith grasshopoers during the
past season.

L. Ha. Tnn (February 22): Eggs are abundant and a large
percentage of them seem to be in good condition.

X. C. Sallivan (Febr:-/. 19): Grnsshopper eggs are very
abunr.ant in western and nort'"estern Missouri.

H. B. Htungerford (February 23): 1T'.ohs are moderately

C. Lyle and assistants (February): Grasshoppers mere moderate-
ly abundant all winter in Monroe County; a few mere observed
in January in Penola County. S. Pqer-car.I can still be seen
flying in George County. (Abstract, G. M.)

A. G. Stephens (February 18): Grasshoppers have been re-
ported scarce in northeastern Wyoming; although some have
been noted.


CUT"OT-S (Noctui dae)

South Carolina









J. Y. Tenhet (January 15): Cutrormrs are umsually-oabundant-
for this season of the year, and r, severely injuring rraryr
:frdens in Fairfax.

A. Lutken (February 22): Cutworms have been very destructive
to truck crops in the southeastern section of the State during
January and February.

H. T. Fernald (February 25): Cutworm moths of a number of
kinds have turned up at lightsnearly all winter at Orlando.

H. G. Butler (February 26): Some injury to buds around
Harriman has recently occurred but the damage so far is not

J. M. Robinson (February 23): Cutworms are very abundant
at Ozark and Auburn, where Austrian peas have been destroyed.

C. Lyle and assistn-ts (February): The black cutworm
(Agrotis y-psilon ) -as r-portedl as moderately abundant
on English peas in southern Jackson County, February 12; the
variegated cutworm (Lyco-ohotia T.rraarito.a saucia :Hbn.) 7as
found moderately abundant on cabbage at Wiggins. (Abstract, G.M.)

CO:,:'1: RED SPIDER (Tetr c.chus telarius L. )

C. I. Srgap? (February 18): Red spiders are unusually abundant
on ornamental plants in a nursery at Fort Valley and also on
some plantings around homes. They have caused some injury.

C. Lyle and assistants (February): Complaints regarding
injury to various ornamentals, citrus, and strawberry are being
receiver from the southern half of the.: State. (Abstract, G.M. )


17S3IA FLY .. p c'-of-. destr.:ctor Say)

W. P. Wolcott (February 22): Conditions have been almost
ideal for survival of the Hessian fly; and 7e anticipate an
extremely heavy srrin-g brood. Because of the very favorable
growing conditions even heavily infested h-eat "as not darmaged
to any extent this year.

L. Rnsemrran (February 22): The Hessian fly situation is
alarming. The ou-n winter seos to be favoring the pest.





North Carolina

K. C. Sullivan (Febr-,ary 19): A HTessian fly survey carried
on during February in 37 counties indicates that the average
percentage of plants infested was 5.6. From 50 to 150 plants
were collected from each county in the survey.

-ICT,, BUG (Blissus leucooterus Say)

W. P. Flint (February 22): Chinch b--g have come through
the winter in very good condition. An infestation over the
greater -Dart of central and west-central Illinois runs from
150 to 600 bugs per 50 stalks of bunch grass,. Th- most
intense infestation -as in the southern one-half of the St:te,
extending froT Menard and Logan Counties southward to ..ishington
and St. Clair Counties, w-'here infestation runs over 600 to
50 stalks,

Li Haseman (Febr-.ry 22): In tpite of wet weather the cinch
bug seems to ho wintering well,

K. C. Sullivan ('February 19): Tne lest t'-o suTTers h-v. been
dry, almost ideal conditions for the develo-oment of chinch
bugs, -ith the resulIt that last fall large numbers went into
hibernation. They may be found at the present time in practically
every section of the State. A survey carried on during late
January in -hich observations -ere made in 28 counties indicates
that the av-rage per acre population for the counties examined
amounts to over 41,000,000 bugs.

ENGLISH GRAII\T APHID (.--crosi-ohum granarium ICby.

F. M. W7:dley (February 13J: IM. ranaribm, Toxoptera grr-rmirn m
.Rond., and Rhonpaosi-)hTm prunifoliae ritch have been noted on
volunteer oats toar Silver Spring at different times during the
winter.' On February 13 five whieat 'fields in lower Montgomery
County 7ere examined; M. granari-,ur was found generally
distributA.d, though usually only in small numbers, in all the
fields. The other t-o species wore found in smre places, but
only aftor considerable searching.

Z. P. .etcalf (Febr-'nry 26): The European rain anhid (M.
granarium) has been reported from widespread localities through-
out the State and in some sections has done considerable damage.

G3SN 3UG (Toxo-otera graminumr Rond.)

IT. Cory (Fecbruary): Apparently contributing to injury to
winter w7he-.t in Dorchester and Carroll Coun:ties. Possibly
present elsewhere in the State.

W7. J. Schoene (:ebruary 22): hae v had n-umber of co-plAints
about the green b-:g on wheat. These have come from a number of
counties in each wheat-gro-ing section and from 7-Halifax County
just out of the "heat belt. The county agents 'nve reported
that many wheat fields have boen screrely darn'cd.



C. R. Willey (Febr-uniy 2.): There have been several reports
latelyof by grain apohii s in C-oochland County. I have
examined fields of wheat in Shenandoah Valley counties, and
find aphids fairly abundant in early-planted fields, but
apparently doing no da3-Ie. Thne county -ggent of Rockcinghan
County reported two fields of barley darraged. Fields between
Richm-ond and Scottsville along JaoT-es River are Trore or less
infested, but apparently there has been no damage.

0. I. Sr-ijapp (Febr-':-.ary 19): This insect is very ab.-,dint
in sore wheat fields and has caused considerable injury,
especially at Marshallville.

H. Dietrich (Fe-r'-;ry 21): The spring grain aphid ras
observed killing oats in a field near Lucedale in the rid.ile
of December and by the end of January the field was bare.

CCORI: 2A WC,:? (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)

J. R. Watson (February 23): Corn er r worms are moderately
abundant. nThere have been mrrore complaints usual for



S3 shir n-ton

TAKIS-ED PLAT 3VU3 (Lygus orrtensis L. )

H. G. lkr (TG:r'.ry 2): Tarnished olant bugs -ere
observed actively feediun: in alfalfa on Febr ary 4.

CLOV-2 SEE-D TE7VIL (lychius picirostris Fab.)

WT. W. Blcer (Janiary Febriar:): Five specimens of
Miccotrogus oicirostris Fab. have been token from Toss
:'ro-in,- in the close vicinity of Puyalu- during January
and FebrL:rr. T'e nine sneci- n.s tf',-.'n on clover r-ere fror
five separate localities in this vicinity.

C%:I? LEFS PHID (Aphis -idis Fitch)


J. T7. Ir.-r:- and E. K. --yri';: (January 29): Wing'less aphids
have been found on sorhiL- throughout the winter. Winged
forms were observed in small nibers on sorghi= during the
latter part of January. "A"7 .apP'd transit? sugarcane mirosaic






SOD WEBWORMS (CraiTbus spp.)


H. E. Hodgkiss (February 25): There has been sore activity
during the winter; adults of sod webworrrs, species not
ascertained, have been flying during the warmer periods,
indicating an unusual condition.

RA'S1' CRAU FLY (Tioula simplex Doane)


E. 0. Eszic (Febr-s-ry 15): Tne range crane fly, T. simplex,
and other species are abundant in pasture lands in central

S' GAR -CA ''!a

S',1A3,CATE S1?2FR (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)


T. E. Holloway and W. E. Haley (January 29): The extremely
mild winter, with a minimum te-oerature of 42 F. in New
Orleans up to this time, has resulted in unusual con&itions.
Sugarcane is 3 feet tall. The sugarcane borer is not
hibernating, but larvae having the summer coloration are to
be found in the corn and sugarcane plants. Pupae and large
larvae were found in corn, but larvae in sugarcane are in the
general not so far advanced.(FTorur,'--l7): The fir -t generation of/
year is now beginning. This is nearly three months earlier
than normal. E clusters are to be found in the fields.
Large larvae and pupae are plentiful. Sugarcane has remained
green all winter, and some which was planted last August has
already reached a height of from 5 to 6 feet.

W. A. Douglas (January 27): I collected and examined 400
rice stubs between January 18 and 22 to ascertain the percentage
of hibernating larvae alive. In the 400 stubs I foula 12
larvae, all alive.

J. W. Ingrain and E. K. Bynrjr (January 29): Examinations
'-ere made -to determine the number of live borer stages in
sugarcane and volunteer corn during the latter part of the
month. On a plantaion near Houma it was estimated that
volunteer corn contained 781 larvae and 166 rppc per acre
as compared with 3,049 larvae and 363 pupao in C. P. 807
sugarcane and 435 larvae and 290 pupae in Co. 281 sugarcane.

E. K. Bynum tFebruary 19): First-generation borers were
found today feeding in the tops of several young shoots of


A 771',T1 (' s-P.)



J. T". Increi and S. K. Eys1ura (January 29): The n=r-.r of
buds killed by a stall weevil, Anacentrus sp.,on s'.Fnrcr.c_-
stuoblo is ijsj11y high on one plantation. Further exa-mi-
nations will be 7.!m.dc to detc:-.Tinc whether the ':,rr 7eatt-'-r
or other factors have favored oeevil injury or whether the.
dT :- is local.

GPAY SU;, 2R2-\^ :.ZLYB_';G (Pseudococcus boninsis I:-. )

J. T. Iv-r-", and K.:. 3yr. -, (January 29): T-'bTers of
sugarcane Te-i-y!bugs have been observed feeding on svc7.r2nne
above .-rovrmd thrc-.'Ahout the winter.


A T3LLTTG (Calendra chittendeni Blatch.)


I. Dictrich (February 21): Larvae 7ere very comron in
rice stubble in the southern -part of Perry County, YMiss.,
in Decembcr. -*r..?nce as observed February 11 at cWebster
Groves, Mo. (Det. A. F. Satterthr-ait).



CODLIIG1 :[",37 (CarT-oc'.':,s romonella L.)

: York

-st Vir inia



P. J. Parrott (Fe'-rw-ry 23): Codlin-.,- moths are very
K' -.dant in western Neo York.

L. M. Peairs (February 24): A cood survival of codling
mrroths is indicated.

C. H. Alden (Febrvary 19): There is a heavy carry-over of
hibernati-.-_; larvae at Cornelia. P--ition started on the south
side of trecs under bn:-d. in orchards on February 10.

.. P. Flint (Fe all alive r-*,ardlesc of their location on the trunk or
branches of the tree or on the T-.ile the larvae
-oing into -inter quarters ray have been sli-htly less than
psi the case in the f9l! of 10FO, the very i, s.r.ival
"-ill 7ean an extreTely heavy first brood .r.oss some rz'ore-
seen conditions cause the 'd.-ath of overwintering lar-.'ae before
tire of p.uiation and o-rer:..r.c',:.


M'is sou~ri


West Virginia



L. Haseman (Febr'ary 22): An alarming carry-over of larve
has been observed.

D. C. Vote (February): Larvae -k-radr tree bands overwintered
in good condition.

APHIDS (Aphiidae)

L. M. Pe-irs (February 24): Er,-s of fruit aphids, species
not known,are very abundant on apple at Martinsburg and
C. R. Willey (February 23): A good many7 ".:-ds were found
covered with young on February 11 :n 13 at Tirrberville.

W. J. Schoene (February 22): The arhid eggs in ao-ole trees
are more numerous than for some yenrs.

D. C. Mote (February): More eggs are being found in orchards
than usual in the central Will'anette Valley.

APPLE APH-ID (Ais pori DeG. )





J. R. Stear (February 2?): Eggs of the apple aphid and
probably of the grain ap-'hid (h__alosi rorunifoliae Fitch)
are abundant on awole at Ligonior. C7`i-g to the long-continued
-armr weather last fall, the aOple aohid increased in large
numbers on a'mole foliage through October anc ITovober. i T"his
probably accounts for the large n-rTber of anhid e.s.

H. 3. Hodgkiss (February 25): Eggs of the green aporilc aphid
were laid abundantly last fall. an,'. it an-ears from our
observations that there 'ill be very heavy infestations of
this insect during scoring. lTymphs 'ere hatching in January
in Chester County.

ROSY APPIS APHID '(A.'rr-riis roseus B1 r)

7. J. Schoene (FP'brmry 22): T Individuals e-orc
etill alive in apple trees at Blacks>'ir: after the first of

H. E. Hodgkiss (February 25): s of the rosy aple aohid
and grain aphid (2. prunifoliae) -ere laid abundantly last

WOOLLY APPLE APHID (Eriosomra lani-gerum Hausm.)

W. A. Price (February'24): Woolly anole aphids an-oeared
above ground on a-Dle trees &t Hazard on February 8. In the
southern part of the State this is a very important pest.


C. Lyle and assistants (Te':r': ry): Spoci.ns '-Ore received
on acsnl frorr ITer Albany on Febr.,'y 3, and fro.T T'nrre Riv-:rs,
February 19, and on crajapple from Magrolia, Fc-r'-ary 13.
(Abstract, G.M. )

SA:' JOSE SCALE (Aspiliotus' ocrniciosus Co-rst. )

Ner York


Iest Virginia

1North Carolina




Michi i-,


P. J. Parrott (February 23): The San Jose scale is vary
abundant in western Ne7 York.

H. E. Hod7'iss (February 25): The San Jose scale
abundantly in 1931 and is a nararrount oest in the CuTber!nd
Valley region and ir the -estern-tier counties of Pennsylvania.

L. M. Pairs (Febrry 24): The San Jose scale is yore
a'-: T-, nt than usual at Morgantopn and !*.artinsburg.

R. W. Leiby (February 20): The -inter s:rv.ival at Raleih
appears to be high. Crawlers -ere. observed on Febr-ary 8,
rhich Tight indicate an extra generation this year. SiLch
early activity of cra-lors is unusual for the Ioore Cnt:,'

0. I. SrL'-.pp (January 20): The infestation at Tort Valley
this -inter is greater than it "-is been-for nrany y',2ar. The
very mild winter has -ocrrritted scale reproduction tc continue
uninterrupted. The omission of, the dormant str" y so.Te
-ro-ers c':ring recent years has also co-.t-ibutc to the
increased infestation. There has not been the '.s.l scale
mortality from lo' temrroeratures this Tinter, Prnd tihe cer'ent-
age of live scale is unusuallyy high. Of 9,500 sc-Iles examined,
8,605, or 90 per cent, were alive.

C. H. Alden (Februis-ry 19): The S-. Jose scale is v'ry
abundant at Cornelia: heavy infestation on both ne -.nh nd apple.

E. W. B.-r-er and. G. B,. Merrill (Febr-uarn 22): T17,- S-II Jose
scale is moderately a'"c.: ':.:t in north rr-. and rest'rn Flori.da
on each an.d lurir.

W. P. Flint (Febr .-rry 22): The i.rrmat-uro forrs h-v, core
throi-.,-h the winter with one of the lowest irorta'litias on record.
A few recent cxartinations show 60 to 70 per cent of the scale
al ive.

R. H. Pettit (Febrvary 23): The San Jose scr-,c is '. ,-y

L. :{-C*T (February 22): The S-.- Jose scale br. d 'nrtil
lte C ov:-Tber. It is building u'o -: alarrmin- ,oit ion.

K. C. Sullivan (Febru-r:- 19): T., scale is -rToder-t-'ly
abv-, nt 83 per cent alive in all parts of the: Sitate.

1"i sissip-Dpi




Califo rni a




H. G. Butler (February 26)1 Young scale insects -orc found
Febr-,'ry 25 beneath over-intering fcmales rot many young
scales were p-oresent so I j-..ud-e reoroductioni is just starting.

C. Lyle and assistants (February): The San Jose scale has
been repoorted from moderately, abundant to very abundant from
all over the State. (Acstr.ct, G. M.)

D. C. Mote (February): Extension workers report scale
increasing; it is very ablnd nt.

E. 0. Essig (February 17): The San Jose scale is moderately
abundant in the upper San Joaquin Valley only.

FLAT-'ADED APPLE TREE 30=RR (Chrysobothris femorata 01iv.)

L. Hasermati (February 22): Flat-headed apple tree borers
were more abundant last fall than usual and borers are carrying
over in' great numbers though they show considerable parasitism.

EUROP-ALT BED MITE (ParAtetranychus Pilosus C. & F. )

J. R. Stear (February 22): Eggs are very scarce,- almost
impossible to find.

H. E. Hodgkiss (February):' Thie European red mite-is again
abundant following two- years during 7hich little damage was


ORIE TTAL 7.'IT YOTH (C-rapholitha molesta Busck).

W. H. Clhr.-:e (February '27): Overwintering larvae at
Thomraston are beginning to pupate; one-pupa found'in the field;
1 -oer cent of larvae nupated in insectary (February 5);
approximately 4 per cent of the- larvae have mupated in the
insectary, and a single adult female errmerged today (February 5)
(the earliest ..record taken for adult emergence in Georgia).
To date (February 27) over 11 per cent of the overwintering
larvae have oupated in the insectary, and over 1 ner cent of
the overwintering material has emerged as adults. The p optionn
and adult emergEnce dates given are the earliest ever observed
in the study of this insect at Thomraston, and no doubt these
are the records recorded for the State- The infestation in
harvested fruits last year was only 25 per cent, the average
of experim: ntal plats.

PEAC: BORER (Aegeria exitiosa Say)


W. A. Price (February 24): Nearly full grown larvae -ere
received from Louisville on February 12.


C. Lyle -n-.2 assistants (e-bru-ary)t- ) 16 p7.-.c. borer is reported
from Tr-.oa a,'ts of the State as seriously' a- r.nt this s-ri"...
Infestation in the north-central part of the State is r_-.orted
as heavier than it has been for irary 'ears. (Abstract4 JTAH. )

PL'2/ CLURCUTLIO (Conotrachelus ner:.-har Hbst.)




Maryl and

West Virginia


0. I. Sr.-m-- (Febr..-ar" 19): Although this has been the
warmest winter in 40 years, with a maximum temperature of 81
F. for Fehruary, the plum c.-rculio has not yet ap'Oeared from
hibernation at Fort Valley. Many trecs near woods, abandoned
fields, anc'd. other favored places of hibernation were jarred
during February for the adults, but not a single individual
Twas t-:':n.

FULLER'S .OSE BEETLE (As2 no9 Tchus godmani Crotch)

W. H. Clarke (Fe-r'.ry 27): This insect has been active
the entire winter. Beetles by the hundreds have been found
on -each trees throughout the middle Georgia area, altoue-
no feeding injury has been noted.

H. G. Walker (Febr-.-ry 26): Fuller's rose beetles were
observed actively f,-c'ing on alfalfa on February 4.

BLACK PFACH A-PHID (Anuranhis nersicae-niger Smrith)

H. D. Weihe (January 26): Aphids vrere collected on peach
tvigs Js.xary 24 in Prince Geor-es County near the District line.

L. M. Peairs (Febr-uary 24): Black peach Pr.ids rere reported
as moderately abundant at Morgantorn; they were breeding active-
ly outside, during Ja nuar- and Febrv-.i.ry.

W. A. Price (February 24): T-i-s of a 3-year-old each
tree at Mingo were wre.ll covered with the ry.mphs and 'in-,:ed
for.s on Fe'-.r ary 13.

7{IE- P:AC!T SCALE (Aulicasois D*-onton-,rP Targ.)

W. L. Gray (February 17): This scale is ver- abundant in
Adwa-s County and moderately ab:':ant in Jefferson Co-'.t'. on
peach and nlurr.


.USTf PLI:: APIID (TT- tcron,--xa setariae T!.,.s. )

J. P. T:isIarn-o (February 20); --..-. of the rust, olumw anohid
are very r giantt in WI.- ins, Stone Coruay.

Yississi Dpi



?-ASP. ZY FRUIT 70O5M (Byturrus unicolor Say.)

Wash inri-ton

W. W. B (2c-r (Jinuary): More or less concrete evidence of
a arti1l 2-;ear brood of this beetle ras obtained at Pvyallup
this -'irter '-'.,n three adultnyemerged from larvae collected
ir the.? field on 'arch 9, 1931, the adults emerging on January
- .^ d 1- ', 1:- .

GIANT APHID (Lorn-isT i- car>.ae Harr.)

ITorth Carolina


Al abarra

Miss ssirpi

R. W. Leiby (February 11): L. caryae is reported as very
abun'.ant on oecan trees in WT'ilrrington.

J. B. Gill (February 22): This insect is active on -oecan
trees at Albany.

J. M. Robinson (Fobruary 23): Giant hickory aohids are
repoorted from Troy, Opp and Andalusia.

C. Lyle and assistants (Fcbr' ry): Extremely heavy
infestations on pecans have been reported from Pascagoula,
Moss Point, and Hattiesburg. (Abstract, G.1. )

CITRUS 7Ir LY (Dia.leurodes citri Ashm. )


C. Lyle arid assistants (Fcbr:.-ry): -The insect is present
Qn Satsumra and extremely abundant on Cape jasmine 1*X the
southeastern part of the State. (Abstract, G.!.-. )

CITRUS APHID (Aphis spiraccola' Patch)



J. R. Watson (February 23): The citrus aphid is not much in
evidence. This seems to be due largely to the fungus E.-o',.sa
fresenii, whichh usually checks the aohids in April.

H. T. Fernald (February 25): The citrus aplhid has aoneared
at Orlando on some of the ne, grow-th recently, but so far is
not serious, tho.., if ve do not get rain soon I fear it may
become so.

COTT01Y-C SHIOY SCALE (Icerya ourchasi .ask. )

J. B. Gill (February 22): Outbreus on citrus trees and
ornamentals -ere reported during the -"inter from Cordele,
Vienna, Fort Gaines, Edison, A-.,-usta, Savannah, Butler
Island, E-r'r.srick, and Blackshear. Have been s:ipplying
interested parties '-ith Vedalia material from our Albany, Ga.,

station. It a-)oa:s %hat'the cottony-cushion scale is Tore
st11-atin. -taoa s -... are ... .=-erl e
aobundant than usual 9nr that outcr.-':'s are occ;r'in' earlier
than in for.rer years.

J. M. Robirnson (February 23): The cottony-cushion scale
is a'cunldant on Pittisoorir at Exifaula and 1ft. Vernon.

P"J1,E SCALE (Leo!dosarecs becl-14K e-. )

J. R. Watson (Febrwr.ry 23): The purple scale has been
actively laying c,-s and there are many cra-lors on the
trees. Sphaerostilbe has been -ro-ing markedly on the parole



SOF0T SCALE (Coccuas hosmoridurr L. )

H, Dietrich (February 21): The soft brovam scale is very
abundant on Satsuma at Lucedale.

C T7RPHILUS ALYBULTGC(Psedococcus j;--h! Green)

E. 0. Essig (February 17): Theo citrophilus Teel y is
Troderatcly a7tn=,I. t in the San _rancisco E:,- region of
northern California.

1 GS

GER: S T.ILD SCALE (Pulvir-ria osidii Mask.)

E. W. Borcger anr,' G. B. Mcrrill (February 22): The green
shield scale is very abwndcant, and. particularly severe on
Florida srr- r,-elr figs (Ficus .?urea), but also bad on guavas.

CA.?HOR SCALE (PcA-'ol- in du-nlcx CkMIL. )

F. P. Azrsler (Febr-;':ry 15): The crnphor scale "-as taken
on a shpnr-nt of fig cuttings, froTr 3vy St. Lo"'s, Hancock
Co'.r.ty, the first c'-c-C-4, in F?:r:,r'.y This scale hvs also
been found at Logtown, H:-ncock County.

Al abaa






South Carolina

South Carolina

Mlis si ssi -ppo



VEGETABLE 7FV7IL (Listroderes obliquus Gyll.)

J. H. Robinson (February 23): The vegetable weevil is re-
ported on lettuce and turni-os at Petrey, and on turnips at
Flowerton, Auburn, and Evergreen.

1M. M. High (January 8): During the past days the weevil has
been found in the following counties: Itavamba, Union,
Prentiss, and Tishomingo. The weevil has been found breed-
ing on two wild -olants not heretofore recorded.

C. Lyle (February 22): These larvae have probably attracted
more attention in "'ississi-n-i during 1932 than any other in-
sect, com-olaints of serious damage to turniTns, collards, cab-
bage, onions, and other garden crons having been received dur-
ing January and February.

SPOTTED CUCU'.3ER BEETLE (Diabrotica duodecimnunctatr Fab.)

H. G. ',al-er (February 26): The s-ootted cucum-nber beetle has
been more or less active on ' days in an alfalfa field at
the Virginia True-- Z.periment Station during January and

A. Lutkecn (February 22): Spotted cucumber beetles are
moderately abundant in general.

J. N. Tc-niet (January 15): This cucumber beetle has been
unusually abundant and active all fall and v'inter at Fairfax.
Apparently it has not gone into *.-.intcr quarters at all, as
it hat bcchi-observed almost every week since September. Dur-
ing the early fall, autumn flowers chrysanthemums, "ichael-
mas daisies, etc. were severely injured. At -opresent, all
garden crops are being more or less injured. Strawberry
blossoms are also being injured by thorn.

BATDED CUCUM3ER BI TLE (Diabrotica balteata Lee.)

A. Lutecn (February 22): D. balteata is moderately abund-
ant on turnips in Colleton County.

H. Dietrich (February 21): The banded cucumber beetle has
been active all v'.inter in George, Greene, and Perry Counties,
nearly as common as D. duodecimpunctata. Tis beetle was not
observed during the two -orevious '"inters.

STRIPED CUCU!.ER BE2TLE (Diabrotica vittata Tab.)

C. Lyle and assistants (February): The striped cucumber
beetle 'was re-oorted as very abundant at Gulfport, Fcbrnir.ry
15, and moderately abundant at Meridian, 'ebru" 20.
(Abstr-ct, G. 3.)


FLZ 7.ZTLs=3 (Halticinae)

Mi ssi ssi-ry0i

H. Dietrich (Fcbruar- 21): F!eabeatles (?Pyilotrcta bious-
tulita Fn.b., P. vittata F3.b., Sstcn taoriata Say) wcre very
abundant on young turnip greens at Lucedale on February 12 and
did considerable dacC,-r- by eating, the folir-;e full of holes.

A BLISTr-. BEMT= (Meloe americanus :r. & Er.)

Tc-'x essee

S. !arcovitch (Janunry 18): This oil beetle, sent in from
'Thitewell, was reported as attacking mustard.

FASIS CHI:CH :'- (.':sius ericae Schill.)

North Carolina

South Caroli.a

Geo rgia


A" J, ar -.

7. J. Reid, jr. (February 21): The false chinch "'-u ; was
found in moderate numbers on garden plantings of turning and
mustard. Ap-roximately 25 p-r cent of the plants wero affected.

A. Luthen (February' 22): F-:]se chinch c-": are -b-..-2,ant on
truck cr-os in the southeastern p-rt of the State.

J. N. (Ja -zvjry 15): The false chinch bug is serious-
ly injuring vegetables in sj:.'cr'.l gardens aroun.- Fairfax. Let-
tuce, cabbage, mustard, turnip, and carrot are knv-7n to have
been attac-ed. Several pl-ntin;s of mustard and trni-o have
been killed.

7. J. Reid, jr. (February 19): An unusually heavy infesta-
tion of the false chinch bug has c'...e serious injury to
turnip-o and mustard in'garden cad small-scale c-...ercial plvnt-
ings at bvacross. According to the growers the insect first
appeared on the garden -olrnts d-ring the latter rart of Decem-
ber, and since that time the r.-- fs gradu-lly increased in
numbers and dostructiveness;ite early oleantin0;_. were entiro-
l destroyed and were -Ibandoncd. The false chirxhb'a:uk- was taken
from chiclweed, life everlastinr, sour doc:., and grasses.

C. Lyle and assistants (February): The false chinc: bug was
very n',nd:,nt during' the foll on truck crors, )articularly
turni-o; damage continue-, into January in Lauderdale, 2-reen,
and George Counties. Specimens were received from Sturgis on
February 4 vith a rr'r,ort that they were very abundant on tur-
ni-os. (Abstract, G. ")

THRE-COa'I2R7D .LAIFA ?"7Z. (Stictoce-Lala festina 5,y)

H. Dietrich (February 21): The threc-ccrnered alfalfa hop-
per has been active in numbers all winter near Lucedale and
at Merrill on turnips, collarb mustard greens, ''i ,eas.

$ 7- COCpR MA;GOT (:vTlemyl5 cilicrura Rond.)

K. L. Cockerham (February ;-'): This insect was found quite
So-,orally over a 5-acre field of early rlr'nted corn at Foley.



C. Lyle (February 22): Inj r" to onions by the larvae w?,s
reported from Florence early in January and from Laurel on
February 11. Inspector R. P. Colmer reported serious injury
to english peas at Kreole, on January 23, while Inspector
F. P. Amsler found these insects injuring iris bulbs at Gulf-
port on January 29.

PILLBUGS3 (Onisc i dae)

Mi ssi ssippi

C. Lyle and assistants (February): .HNumerous complaints are
being received from the southwestern corner of the State of
injury by pillbugs to strawberries and flower gardens.
(Abstract, G. ". )


P3A APHID (Illinoip. pisi Kalt.)




H. G. WalkCer (February 26): Pea aphids were observed active-
ly feeding in alfalfa on February 4.

J. M. Robinson (Febru.ry- 23): Plant lice are re-morted on
English -peas at Troy.

H. Dietrich (February 21): The pea ap-ohid was first observed
in numbers on peas at Lucedale on Februia:r 17 but since then
has been found all over George County and threatens the crop
of about 200 acres unless measures are taken to reduce the in-
festation. It is also reported from other points in southern
Mi ssi s sitni.


IMPORTED 0C-=-AC-] 'O0R" (Ascia rauae L.)

South Carolina


:'i ssi ssipi

A. Lutken (February 22): Common cabbage worms have been
active throughout the winter in Charleston County.

J. 3. Gill (Tebruary.22): The imported cabh'"ie worm has
been very abundant and damaging to cabbage in Cairo and
Calvary Counties during the winter.

C. Lyle and assistants (February): The imnoorted cabb -e
worm was present on collards all winter and is no,: attack-
ing young cabbage in the southern oart of Jackson County;
the first adults at Lucedale were observed flying over cab-
bage fields on February 8, and since that time they have
become very numerous. (Abstract, G. M.)



DIAor'3'ACK: MOTH (Flutella m- .l-ic i s Curt.)


South Carolina



SKissi ssi-rpi

H. G. 1Talker (Februa:ry 26): The diamond-bac': ,t!-. h'as been
present in k1ale fields at '-rfolk thro'u i-`ut the V:inter. The
p-oresent indications are that this insect will be vyr- trouble-
some this spring unless its natural enemies tend to hold it in
check more than they did last year.

'7. J. Reid, jr. (December 18): 7.e diamond-b,.c': moth is
very abundant on winter collards and cabV-'- in the vicinity
of Charleston. As mnany as 50 larvae have been found feeding
on one collard leaf. The market value of the croes is bCing
seriously lessened because of the fce1-r. (February 24):
Cabbage plantins in this section arc shoinf: the .ea.oiest in-
festation ever witnessed by t> -;'riter. All co-.-z-rcial plant-
i'e, examined sheo' i nfestatio-. A count in one of the typical-
ly infested fields shoc d an infestation 1f ., --er cent of the
-plants. The -olants in m;,ny instances are be---... riddled. This
infestation of s-ring cabbz-:o followed. one on t1he .inter cab-
bag:e and collard plantin.,s. Devclo-oment of the species r'-
gressed unchec d during" the unu-cally mild, dry winter.

J. 3. Gill (Februcary 22): This insec-t -as co-nionly observed
on cab> -*e and collard plants in southern eorgia during the

J. R'ei'd, jr. Februaryy 19): Found in moderate numbers
on garden mustard l:otin;s in the 7aycross section.

5. 7. Clarn (Jo- i- ry 19): This insect is ver. abundant and
causing considerable .-ri ;e to hea:'-: cab'a _;e at Teslaco. In
most cases the variety Glor 7 of y.'Thuizen is the most severe-
ly infested.

CAUA.- LOOPPR (A .torr-';a brassicae Ril.e,')

C. Lyle and assistants (Februaryr): The cabbr:e looser has
been -oresent all intertr on collards ii ---is noted. e.brua'
19 attacking you-n cabbage in the southern part of J.c''son
Country. Tae first lrva to be observed at Luct9.-le ?'ns noted
on collards January 21. the middle of Febrary it -;as
noted in moderate abundance around Long -:.c, 7:rrison
County. (Abstract, G. ".)

CA3- AG2 4'-n J7=OR' (Hellula ucndliJs Fab.)

So th Carolina

J. J. Reid, jr. (December 18): 7.: cao,..,c vebwoorn is no7
'orovin.: ver" destructive to youns cabbrje -nlants in the bcds
seedec for tranTl.n1ntinJ the s-nrin- cron. The infestation
is {'encral thr -n. .',.t the C. r.rleston section. One eI ,-e.Xamn-
ined -,-';ed an infcstption oi 25 icr cent and another of 48
r.r cent of the 4-nts. The bads of the -l. nts are bei-, at-


tacked, most of :the affected plants being rendered unfit for

C. Lyie and assistants (February): Larvae wore extremely
abundant in gardens in George County during Tovenber, 1951.
The insect wsas also rororted fror. Hrrison County.

CAB33A'3H APHID (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)


South Carolina


Mi ssi ssippi

H. G. Walker (February 26): A very heavy infestation of
cabbage aphids dcvelo-ocd on :alc last ITove-riber but Oractic'1-
ly 100 -rer cent of these insects were killed by a fugs
disease thc latter Dart of the month and have not been numerous
enough since then to csuse any damage.

A. Lutken (February 22): Anhids on broccoli have been very
destructive in Beaufort County.

J. 3. Gill (February 22): The cabbage a~-hid was very r.bund-
ant on collard plants in southern Georgia during the vwinter.

J. P. Kislcnko (17bruary If): Infestations were rather
heavy in Stone and Forrest Counties, but-todry all observed
colonies were very heavily pc'-asitizod.

H''-L '-' JUG ( histrionican H!hn)




L. U. 3rannon (February 24): Frequent field observations
on Tinter activity and hibernation -ore made at Norfolk during
ITovember and December, 1931, and January and February, 1932.
At temperatures belowv 50 F. (at time of observation) the
adults rere found in t-Trn-rary hibern-tion in the folds of
dead leaves beneath the olant ; at higher tc-roer -tures they
were active and feeding throughout the -.-inter. Daring this
exceptionally mild v inter ne ly 'laid eg s have been found dur-
ing; each v. eek of the months listed. On ',"'uary 18, 9 newly
lair egg masses were found on collard pi.';4., and on February
5 ne'ly hatched eggs vero founJ. Trw.!is -- een found dur-
ing each month and continued to develop .r. oLts during the
winter. IT.mrhs have been found in tc'nc"': h:berntoV in
the folds of e. !enves alon,-:side adult, .7-:'ry. One
egg mass v:hich ,-.s collected .:", the fice Jrnr ry 22 hatched
in the insecta:'- -n February 12.. 7Th egn 0 a-rasitc oencyrtus
johnsoni Hoe. en rged on J-.. 8 from eggs rhich wore col-
lected in the field on Janu'ry 5.

J. B. Gill (February 22): The harlequin bug is very abun-
dtnt, especially on collrds in Albany and in iuthern Georgia.

C. R. Jil1lcy (February 23): Specimens werc received from
Roseland February 12 : i n.-i ae to c-tbbage ''as reported.

Missi s si-Di

Flo ri da

Mi ssi ssippi

South Carolina

Mi ssi ssi-ppi

7a ;': i jton



C3LMY LEAF TIER (Phlyctaenia rubigalis Guen.)

J. R. ,Watson (February 23): The celery leaf tier has been
giving much trouble in the Sanford area.

0 ,I0r S

O':ION T:{RIPS (Thri-ps tabaci Lind.)

C. Lyle and assistants (Februar,.): The onion thrips was
found extremely abundant on field onions at Luicedale on Feb-
ruary 18; a moderately abundant infestation has been reported
from the southern part of J,ckson County. (Abstract, G. M.)


r,'IRIP APHID (-oD , oseudobrassicae Davis)

77. J. Reid, jr. (December 18): Your.n cabb?.--e plants growing
in beds for transplanting the spring crop are being seriously
injured. The infestation is quite -eneral in the Charleston
area. One -olant bed showed an infestation of 100 per cent of
the plants. The growers fear that the infestation will reduce
the plants to the extent that they will not have sufficient
plants to set the spring crop.

C. Lyle and assistants (February): Diring December, 1931,
turnip- aphids were noted in morcr.-te abundance on turnip in
Lincoln, Cipi.nh, and Jeff Dav-is Counties, and so abun-iinnt in
Green, George, and Perry Counties as to destroy many crop-s.
(Abstract, G. M'.)

CAR-L0 T 3

CAPPOT RUST LY (Psila rosae Fab.)

.7. 7. Daker (Tcbruary): Growers are beFi-.'.:iv "; to wv'orry some
about this noest on carrots and parsnips in Puyallu Valley,
Although only a few ro-norts have been received of daT.age on the
latter crop, perhaps because of the smaller acrei-i:c. So far no
reports h;,ve been received of .1PT.-ie to celery in this section.


COBI: oAR -70 (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)
Florida E. '2. BerTer and C-. 3. Merrill (February 22): A few specimens
were collected and reared from among the bases of the leaves,
next tn t-Le core of loosely-gro,.win head-lettuce (Iceberg). Saw
no signs of boring through leaves but evidently crawled in among
leave- to cores.


ST-A:TB3R7MY PAV'-, A (Orthaea vincta Say)

Florida J. R. .Tatson (February 23): The pamera, that we do not ordi-
narily expect until April, has been troubling us all winter.

C7?2:- FLIES (Tipulidae)

Oregon J. "Jilcox and 7. 77. Bak:er (Yovccr 19, 1931): Larvae about
lI- inches long found right down in the roots of strawberry plants;
from 2 to 16 per plant. Some evidence of the smaller roots being
eaten but did not appear to be serious. Another infestation at
Lexington was examined but the plants were so heavily infested
,Vith the root weevils Brachyrhinus ovatus L. and B. rugoscriatus
Goeze that it Was i-oossible to tell whether the tioulids were
doing injury or not.


TOBACCO 'l 2-.1L2 .( -_(trix narvula Fab.)

Korth Carolina Z. P. Metcalf (February 26): The tobacco flea, beetle is very
abundant in tobacco beds in the eastern half of the State. It
is more abundant and destructive than I have seen it in a number
of years.

Alabama K. L'. Coc:erham oJcbr'erey 25): The tobacco flea beetle was
observed to be quie numerous on volunteer Irish -otato plants
at Foley on this date.



Mi cch i gan




CAT:- 'T0-2S (Geom-netridace)

H. B. HE-nicrford (rcbr.:iry 15): 7c h' a rather heavy -mer- of the fall canker worm in La:'& c.ce during December and Janu-
2. L. Prhecr (Febr-ary 23): The first eomer.-c-ice of c-nk worms at .-attan 7as noted on January 5. 7-.c first spring
c-anker Torm (Paleacrita vernata Peck) fr-..neI was recorded on
January 25 while the highest e-nerence of females re-oresenting
the fall canker worm (Also-nhila ome-nctaria "-:arr.) was recorded
on February 9. The highest emner'--:.ce of males including bothI
v'jciies occurred on February 9. The hi-hest emergnce of
spri ng can:cr v;or-n females to date occurred on February 22.

FALL I:B'.O7R0 (-h1 -tri7. cunea ru'-y)

H. B. Peirson (February 23): tests s contain lar7c numbers of
Apantcles cocoons, v.hich would indicate that the heavy outbrcrk
of last year will subside.

7T...... SICK (r',-'.^o c fe-iorata Sa.-)

S. A. Graham (Ja-inuary 20): T-.c v.-lki..-,stick, which in 1930
cn-..,?:- I a great deal of defoliation in certain of the forests
in the northern -oart of the lower pe.i'-Tlr.i did not make its
apoearance in 1931. This was t.,-'v.hat of a surprise in .pite
of the fact that o -I.- of the local people had told me previou's-
ly that outbreaks o:.1' occurred every other year. Search in
the litter beneath the trees indicated that the eggs n-rmally
pass through t;o winters before hatching. The ground at t:'-.e
present tim-ne in those places where the insects were abundant last
year is litcr-Ily m-Coered wv'ith .-s. In --.7e spots they r-i as
hi -h as 50 or m-nore -oer square foot. Doubtless next year v:ill
sec another outbreak of his insect. The holding over of the
-.- whichh I have just described is evidently the result of the
action of s2e n..hysical condition which vwe do not understand, be-
c-use c,-s: collected in the fall of 1930 and ket outdoors in
Ann Arbor hatched last spri'-., whereas those that lay on the
ground in the locality vYhere they were laid failed to hatc-..

:OY3T:.-"3:TL SCAL2 (Le- dsmr,.,s ulmi L.)

H. 3. Peirson (Febnri-n: 23): Poplar, white birch, an- moun-
tain ash were killed at Bar Harbor in 'ece.ker, 1931.




New Yor':


3 $=,_! 3CA,:7 (Cr-rntococcus f-' 3oer)

H. 3. Peirson (February 23): Outbreaos reported in Liberty,
Montville, Jashington,'ille, and Palermo were :r,-;rted
during Iovember and Dece'ber, 1931. First ap-oearance in State.

^. .1. -w

AN APHID (Dreyf-asia -icea 1-itz.)

H. B. Peirson (Februiry 23): One thousand, cords of fir were
killed by this insect at ?!ilbrid~e in 1931.

I-Y pCc: *:

STRA ,T=Y ROOT -JIL (Brachyrhinus ovatvs L.)

P. J. Parrott (Februtry 23): strawberry root weevil has
been injuring hemloc: roots in western :cev ror'-.


OJ:IT'-L ?!OFT (Cnidocanmoa flavescens ?'al:.)

Ma s sachuset t s

3. P. Felt (Februarr 24): Cocoons of the oriental slu- cater-
pillar were received from I'ahant, ;.here the insect evident-
ly abundant upon .'r-)Trv- male.

AN AMBROSIA B33:TL, (Xyl6terinus oolitus Say)

_.ho. e Island

E. P. Felt (February 24): An ninbro.:ia beetle, X. nolitus, was
found worl'ing in a limb of a iYorv'ay m'1ie in the Provdence
area. This insect occasionally attacks apparently healthy
trees, though serious injury does not 2ocrr to develop from
its o-perationo.

GLOO:Y SCAL3 (C"ry-"- tr rio Com-nst. )

1:orth Carolina

M.i ssi ssipoi

Z. P. Metcalf (February 25): The gloonr scale is Widespread.
and apparently more destructive than for the last couplc of
year s.

J. :ilto;- (February 22): The [loom, scale is orcsent in
large numbers on -nunle trees in Corinth and northeastern 'is-
sippi. In many crses tle scale has killed so many branches
that it has nade the trees very 'un sightly.



-S7JE SCA.L3 ((lirysoirr:alus otscurus Comst.)



New England



J. Milton (February 22): The obscure scale is very ab-ndjt
on oak in Corinth; it is killing Tmrany limbs ..n we-kenin- the
whole tree.


E7UROPEAT PI:l. S'-DT '.T{ (n-.".cionia buolir-na Schiff. )

E. P. Felt (February 24): The "ro-,ean nine shoot moth was
2e.orted by 7r. C. Hartney as prevalent at 3rookline.

E. P. Felt (Febrnry 24): This insect is locally ab.'j.ant
in southern T, En-la.nd an. -outeaTtern .e" York, occasionally
infesting serio1; entire p!,ntin7s.

iAKWC=,T PI1: S-101T "T7 (Riyacionia frustrana Sci.)

J i. (null (Janu-ar,/ 29): A srall plantation of jclh pine and
shortleaf pine at 7hitford ras foutid heavily infested. The
trees 'had been severely dai:ed for a n-ubor of years. A heavy
i'..... n tation. ws found -.-oar RDadimn in a -olantation of pitch
pin--, Scotch D-ine., Jersey scriib pine, shortleaf pine, a::. rod
pin, The insect secrcd to show a preference for the shortlcaf

SPR'7C- C"T?." (H_--rro!oaa fxnifer: -. Clem. )

S. A. Grohaer (Janurry 20): The ionr'ace 'budworm continued its
inju ary 'rin 1931 to the hord -ines, csoccially to jck npine
arnd Scotch -inc nlaintoions. T, latter n-as especially scrious-
ly ir-1 i and. sore of the ol an"tation7 in the Hic-ins LXe
mnor-t r'- be -oractically ,-:-rd out. T-,i daTazO to jack pine
i n-r,5a'h t less and to ToirTa oine the injury is by no mcnans
enral. The Tost sov:Yr in-'ur:: sc':-Ts to hnv- occuirred in the
nei-bnrhocd of ol! trees. In soTre nolco's it an-,"rs liely that
'he o.e.. tinon ill not b: so Oevcro durin.I^ 10? as it s In
1931. In oth'r 'l:c-o? -vcn "n the s?-,: !ocoli&:, the infestatior.
so:rrs to b@ on the i... 'e-c.. In thoso n.lacos whero the infestation
e pr"bbly d-olinn-, r Tc' chn... in sex ratio "-as observed.
Previc.:clr the sox-s .-roxlirtely eoual in n-urbor but this
'ear from 75 to C0 -pr cent f 'the -roths -oere rales.
SUT.'.T 'PITSE T'-3IL (Pis-.'_', 's .c.-orensis Germ. )

H. Diotrich (Fcbr--ry 21): P. nc-oren'is "as "'. ri I very abP2-
d,-nt on 0crus do oddr te.r .-2'I. t the -inter, doing cc.sid.'rble
injury by feedici,- r ,' girdling the mrain shoot, but does not sconm
to hiwe ovionesitcd on Cdr-,s. A.. 1- t -as t!en in the de:ris


Mi ssi ssipni

at the base of a freshly cut Pinus glabra ncar Tc7: Auuista on
February 11.

P."-L -'.-1 iL (Rylobius 7alrs Boil.)

H. Dietrich (Fcbrur 21): Active )il winter in Gcor'c:e and.
Greene Counties on injured nines and fresh ninc lu-nber. .t ta.en often iecding on injuries -nadte on Cedcrus dcod: ra
by Pissodes nenorensis.

SI T- '.SL J I L (PSFsoCes tennis o
SITKA s:?:JCz 7rZ7lL ( sitchensis Hop!:.)


'.. T7. Ba7:er Novemberr 11, 1931): A number of Sit'-a 7,-r ice trees
close to the road. were observed tc be infested at Snoqual-ie.


WILLO7 CTJCULIO (Crrptorh-nchus la-athi L.)

'7a hj. n. ton

New York

ro rth Dakota

7. 7. Baker (February): Durin- the v.inter months evidence has
been secured of infestations of v"'rillows over a considerable area
around Puyallu, and Tacoma. Stra=i to say, only native species
of villov: have so far been found to be infested.

I INT S E C T S A F F E C T N G G- -,2 L H 0 U S "j A H D

0 R N Al 3 Y T A L PLANT S AI:D L A 7N S

AMT T-?RoSIA B?.7T1 (Ani sandrus sagy Eopw.)

P. P. Felt (Febr'iary 24): An ambroaia beetle, provisionIlly
identified as A. si, attach-ed th-. 1; r- r' oste--s of reee-nhouso
rraT-es on Long Island in large numbers. The infested sten: were
appvroxirntely -n inch and. a half in diameter and nrodlucod liter-
ally hundreds of beetles.

J. A. Munro (7ebru-ry 23): Reports of serious tnjr-: to
ferns and other house -olants by the 7re_:-hou!e whitefly have
been received recently from Dazey, Barr'es County-, end Ieent,
Hettingcr County.


Flo ri da

Mi ssouri

Mi ssi ssi-opi

rex" s

?!i ssi ssipopi



CYC..A1T MI7'= (T-.rsonemus nellii- F-s.

Z. "7. Mrendorha1l (January 9): Cy clT non 7- plants *ere badly in-
festecd vith the cyclacn mite in one of the -rceC-.,ouses in
Fostoria. They vore so bad that the buds we:cre 'badlyr i-.jurcd,
rendcring i.-. olnts unsalable.


GLADIOLUS T-z-IPS (Tac'niothris gladioli 7oulton)

J. L. 7,Ttson (-.:bru<.ry 23): The gEldiolus thrihs has been
sent in from Stuart and Senford, the first re-norts fre)n ilorida.


D 0 S T I C A: I 1 AL S

.S0,5TJITO2S (Culicinae)

L. Haseman (iTcbr-.iary 22): mosquitoes : Species of Culex and
A.mopheles have carried over in re.- ter numbers than usual in
basic it z3s.

C. Lyle anA assistants (Febru-,ry): "osquitoes, inclv.Jin" the
Salt-rnrrsh mosq'hito (Aedcs solicitans alh .), and the ycllow-
fever -mosquito (A. acgypti L.) have been ver,- .'- .--.oying in south-
eastern ":ississippi all v-intcr. (Abstract, G. I..)

CHIC-Cr (TroT-rbicuhI,. irritans 2iley)

F. C. Bish:-s- (Fcbrur:'): A fey chif,_'rs vzcre -nicked up by
the writer i:-. 2-r, svillc (i: to'-;n) with little time :-,pc-.t in
:rass and no:c in .ccs and brunh. Mr. Schraedcr says that he
hod a good ". chiyers on hin this w-inter.

CASTOR 2-ir TIC' (icdes var. scapularis Say)

H. Dietrich (_ebrL.-ry 21): "oodtic's have been active all
winter, j-.-! I:- by several collected' in the Pisca-;oula ra'uo,
GeorC-e Co.nmty. Two were identified by F. C. 3ishopp as I.
ricin-as var. sca-oularis.

I Maryland







BLACK .';'DO', (Latrodectus-nactans Fab.)

P. Knight (February 1): 7'Je have mede nue:=ous collections(
of this -v-ier during, the winter, both at Colle\e PaD.'-k and in
southern Marland. In -ny 7 years at the Univ;ersity this is the
first season I have collected these animals.

State Plant Bosrd Press kclease (January 18): A specimen of
the "black widow" or hourglass szider was received by the De-
part-ncnt of Entomoloy reco.nt v with thc statenont that it had
bitten a lady, near A-nory with vcry serious results. Severe
pain began imnodiatcly after the bite, and within an hour her
entire body 7as jerking v it'h mvsc'tlar spas-ns. Her low"'r li-ribs
also bccamc -nartially -oaralyzod and her suff"ring, which she
reported as the most severe in her lifo, 7aVc Cased by hypodeifnic
injections.. She was in bed "'fforin C, eatly for three days
and t'-o niftts, and did not fully recover for nine days.

H. D-ictrich (Februry 21): h; bl;.c'Lio- (L. tactans) is
unus.ualll- co'nmon th-is in 3or,.,e, G-rccne, aid Pc-:- Coumi-
ties. t.'er nieco of rood lying on. the ground in cut-over lands
has one-' or --r: of these s-iders -ner it. A.' thio 1'Sooc1, local-
ly called lighter, is gathered cxtensivcly or fulnd .ecnce-
posts, there is considcrble d-n'r f a -rson bei' bitten.

B9.:L. UG- (Lrtocoris trivittatus Say)

T. Cory (_brar y): 7e received a nuber of letters
stating that this i.est has bee:- active on vpr. d'ys.
.,. P. Flint (Februar: 22): oxeldcr hc been active
throu-hout the entire winter -and hav-e' c::usd a a.o.ount o
annoyr-nce because of their con.inued invr.sicn of houses.

7. A; Price (!ebruary 24): Boxolder nlnt bugs were aobudant
bout houses on .11rur l1, at ..iz..ethtnwn.

L. Chambers (I'cbrurry 24): 7-c boxeidcr bu- is still caus-
in sz--e concern in so-ne sections 7There, ding the '"ar s_-ring-
like dr.ys, it beca-o aL6tivo rand contiLued cr-;ling i-to and.
bout ho-nes.

I. Jaqis (Fb, e.-: 22): On the -,r- cr drs boxelder tugs
are much in evicoce.
R. C. Smith (Fcbrvnry 23): 3oxeldcr bugs are very active and
are causing c7nsiderb-le aG:noya:'-ce in- residence a t ::e:hatt ;.

G. F. Knovlton (February 23): 3oxelder bugs are now comecncing
to cruse sose annoyance in houses, since th.7enthCr has at ti--cs
permitted activity and c-iergcnce fro-. hibernaion.

TROPICAL -AT "ITZ (Li-ponyssus bacoti Hirst)

', ryland.

A. L. Sullivan (January): The tropical rat mite has been re-
ported in 3altimore attackin-. htr-.ans. Specimens were sent in
from a seed house.


A 3L17?ALO ^, (2vsruulium pecuarum Riley)


C. Lyle (February 22): Buffalo gnats appeared in the Delta
section of ':ississippi about Januiary 15, probably the earliest
date on record for this section. They are reported as -resent
in injurious numbers in practically all counties of the Missis-
sin-ni Delta. ITo serious loss of livestock has yet occurred.

CATTLE GR-BS (Hypoder-a spp.)

North Dakcota





J. A. !.unro (January and February): 2eenorts of grubs in the
backs of cattle have been received from- Dickey, Golden Valley,
and _Zolette Corunties during January and February. Officials of
the local mcat-nacki *.r.-; nlat state that a large number of cat-
tle b:cly infested with cattle grubs were received during these
tyro months.

3. G. Kelly (February 23): Cattle grubs are m-ore abundant in
Kansas than us-al. Putaria have been pick:ed up off the ground
'.here they have dropped end adults have emer:cd from then vwhcn
the -uraria wverc retained in the laboratory at "anhattan.

HOJC- FLY (Hae-atobia irritans L.)

T. G. Bruct (January): Stockmen report and observations shove
that the hornfly is giving -ore trouble in Florida than usual.

H. 0. Schrceder and F. C. Bishor (January): Hornflies are
present in moderate num-bcrs, 5 to 50 per head4. The dairymen
reo-ort that these flies have becn very troubleso-me all winter.
Tlhc c"-s shn7o s. re. irritated soots at the base of the tail
and alone' the c3scutchoCn an. in thb navel region from- bites.

SC21.' r'.' (3ochliomki. macellaria F^.b.)

H. 0. Schir-eder nmd I. 0. Bishop' (January): A freshly killed
calf by the roadside 6 miles er-st of Rio Graiee City was examined
and several hundred blov:niies were found on it. Of these there
were abouIt 1 P'o)i-ia re-:in:i Me-:. to 15 Coc' li-iyia -acellarla.
The dav was mild .cut the s-u .:r, s not shining.


H 0 U S E H 0 A SD S T 0 R E D P S 0 D C S

TER,=ITS (ReticuxliterT-cs so, )

T. E. Snvdyer (Jrm.ry)- During the mronth of Jann-ary 74 cases
tf terrrites rore rc-oortcd to the Burcau of 3ntomolo.o. The
following list gives the n-mrbor of- c7sos rcoort Section. ^'ow w...., 2; Middle Atlantic, 13; I.Dst Central,
10; West Centrnl, 4; Cotton Belt, 29; Pacific Coast, 6.

A TRE (K-lote=ros sirrnlicornis z'. )

A. H. Caldrell, jr, (ecbrurry 7): Thn-s terrrite ras 'raroait to
ny attention by a local control man at Phocnix4 The intcrct. r .
third. about this particular one is its habit of not livings in the
'ood alon0, .as do the other Kaloterres, biut it h's its he.-
*u iartcrs u-u:'ersr' _"d.

AY'S (Forrriciare)

C. Lyle and assistrnts (Fe"cr,-ry): A narrbocr of native soccies
of ants 7hich ordinarily are notice, .rin the varm surer months
have been active throughout most of the ,-inter. Fire ants
(Soloenoosis s. ) '-ere very a'v-rnt in s~eetrtootoos n'-n- c i
the o0en Pt Carthage, Dur-nt, Lexington, and. Lena, Tebr-ary, 21.
To infestations of the Ar-:ntine ant (Irido!Tyr'(ex hi`Tis l s yr)
7'ere discovered at Harriston on Janmary 23 and at Chester on
Fcbru.ry 18. (Abstrct, G.M.)

J. Y. Robinson (Febriary 23): Argentine ants -re reported at
Avi'urn, Mobile, and Palos.


Club and Extension Ke-s, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Janmary):
Argentine ant is cuite nrwero-as in Concordia Parish.

A SPID BR IZ .LZ (Me z i-Tr are--icerr, Lap. )


H. B. Peirson (February 23): This s oider beetle ras observed.
January 27 in Gardi:ne.r. Fur coats and clothing -ere infested:.

::c--E CPICET (C-ryl'us domesticus L )


R. I. Pettit (Jan.uary 9): The .rc. voan criccket -Yas fo'-and on
January 7 at Birin..zT. I believe this is the first re-ord in
our State.

A SITOW FLZA (Ac brutes s. )


E. L. Chambers (Febr'.ry 24): We have had several re-oorts
from northern Wisconsin cities, to the effect that the s2:ow flea
was -unusually abundant.





M. D. Leonard
Insular Exo-riment Station, Rio Piedras, Porto Rico.

The coffee leaf Triner (Leucontera coffeella Stainton) has been,
according to Vicente Medina, Coffee Specialist at the Insular Experiment
Station, more abunr.dant during December, 131, and January, 1932, than
during the two previous months, owing to generally dry weatherr throughout
the coffee-growing districts.

A leaf sheletonizer (Erent?.ia pavonacella Clem.) was reported by
F. Sein, jr., as badly skeletonizing the leaves of IL] sp. an important
coffee shade tree, throughout the coffee cro-ing districts in general
during December, 1931. This pest 7as generally present and badly skele-
tonizing these shade trees on a large coffee farm in the vicinity of
Adjurtas (the Hacienda Carrrelita) in Semtember, 1931. It had not pre-
viously been recorded as injuring a plant of economic iToortance.

The cotton leaf worm (Alaba ra argillacea Hbn. ) was reported as
present on cotton in small numbers b'out easily controlled by two appli-
cations of poison on December 21, 1931, and Janvary 15, 1932, respectively,
and that in general throughout the South Coast up to February 1, 1932,
it has apparently been almost negligible as far as the necessity for
control mTras,'.es ras concerned.

The pink boll -orm (Pectinophora gossypiella Se..nd. ), according to
all reports received has been very much less abundant a-id injurious to
cotton in the whole South Coast during the period October, 1931, to and
throughout January, 1932, than during January, 1931, for instance, -when
considerable percentages of infestation could be found. It h.?s been
suggested that a considerably greater rainfall this year than last during
the same period ray have been a large factor in this decrease. As late
as January 20, 1932, J. Pastor Rodriguez, Cotton Specialist at the
Insular Experiment Station, reported that a 1-acre field -thich was badly
infested last year no- shored less than 1 per cent infested bolls and
that a nonr-by field was only about 5 per cent infested.

Owing to the extremely wet winter, the fall arrofr (Lap
frugi-perda S. & A. ) has been exceptionally abundant, not only on corn,
which one expects, but also inside pepper fruits, in tomat-:'s, inside
lima bean pods, and causing most injury to egrlant, burrowing in the
stems nrnd attacking the fruit. Eighty per cent of the fruit one veek "as
ruined by their feeding. (G. IT. lccett. )

The melon -orm (Dianhania _-alixtnt L. L) -as causing considerable
foliage injury on J', :y l.c, to cass.vr mci'n vin.s at Toiza;
moderate da:rr'e -'av observedc tc scransh follp:2 at 'nrr. rltta in :%'uvefrbr,
1931, and to cucumber at Manati in Jnruarry, 1932. In a 'ell-sprayed
cucumber field at Barceloneta crnlv slight dr.T:,'e ras ca.U7d to the leaves.
(A. S. Mills.)


A bean ood borer (Martca tcstulalis Geyer) -as found to irfest 2
per cent of 100 bearn pods cxarined in thc r'.rlcrt ,t Rio Piedras on October
31, 1931 (C. G4 Anderson CarTli Hcinrich doet.). During January, 1932, a
li;ht infestation ras found in a sn-all package of oigeon oeas from A-ou.s
3ujn-'s but none rere found in boxes of oigeon -:,os fro-, several other
*olaces. Lima:, bean nods wore lid;htly infested also at Vega Baja and Rio
Pie eres. (A. S. Mills.)

The cater-illars of Etiella zinc'enclla Treit. absolutely disaoeared
from lima beans early this fall, Twhile Maruca, the nest against whichh the
arifirnt.ine regulations are directed, is equally scarce this -inter. (G. NT.
Wolcott. )

A bean leaf -ebber (Laxnrosera. indicate. Fab. ) was found to be ,roderate-
ly to heavily infestinE all lirra bean fields exaTrn.:'. during :Tovcnbe:,
December, and January at Rio Piedras, as well as at Loiza, Ve.a B.3aja, 3nd
Isabela, the larvae tyin- the leaves to-ether and eating" ther.

A light infestation of Ce-ohalononyia gallicola Ashni. 7ws found in a
'nacl-a.po of. chickpeas in Santurce on 2Tovon-ber 11, 1931. (R. G. Oakcley. )

A squash bug (Anasa scorbutica Fab.) -as observed lightly infesting
a 2-acre olanting of squash at Vega Alta on Yoverrber 24, 1931. (A. S. Mills. )

A light infestation of the bug Coreocoris b.tatas Fab. -"as noted on
1 -ZI
the leaves of a 5-acre field of -ooernr at Vega Alta on Deceon-bOr 29, 1931.
(A. S. Mills.)

A leaf bug, Cyrto-oetis varians Dist., was foui-d lightly infesting
the foliage of a 3-acre field of tomatoes at Loiza on November 6, 1931.
(A. S. Mills.)

A eurytormid, Bphrata cuboensis, as fou-nd infestir.- one out
of four fruits (Annona reticulata) cx-rTir.d at Villalba, October 27, 1931.
(C. G. Inderson; C. F. Mucebock dot.)

A scolytid beetle, Xyloborus sacchari Hopk., was ro-enorted as infesting
to out of ten uava fruit cx' rinod at Cabo Rojo on Septc-rbor 16, 1931.
(A. G. Harley. )

A leaf-footed -olant bug, L .oz1,, s.c s st.grra Hbst., was found to be
abundant on the leaves of thre .:va bushes examined at Cidra on November
13, 1931, and rrr.nvr adults were found on a guava bosh at Trujillo Alto on
October 23, 1931. (A. S. Mills.)

A nitidulid beetle, Stelidota gen-inata Sa-, -as foumd f..di.-r in the
exocarp of bitter almond (T,=rTinalia catapoa) nuts at Anesco, SeoteTber
29, 1931. (A. G. Harley.)

I11 I I 1 1 ii i II Il I II I
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A nitiulid beetle, 5:i-'or';s hurerolis Fab., was observed in bitter
1almond (Terrrinalia catr-oa) fruits and Jobo (S-+onvis dlcis) at Arecibo,
in October: 1931. (2. S.

A le-oid-ooterous shoot borer, ,-y nl grrndella Zell. (deinrich det.)
-as rencrted on June 11, lo3, as inSinD to a con-.siderpble extent Pbout
4,000 trees .lanted a.ron.- coffee for sade at Jonya, or.' on June 29, 1931,
ii CDO young. trees recently niante in a coffee farrr st Acjuntas. In Trid-
Jul'y F. Scin, jr., reported t un-ber of yo'i-:0 trees rrod-'tely infested
in the Rural S?.':oal nlenting at Lpres.

SpO-cirrens of a -ri Sciar? s-., -.hich is a very serious nost of
Irrali ift.. E'. fo .r. ..-ht in t-he vicinity of Isabela. 'The
ivs first bo-crTO notic.a... rnb.n nt on October 28, r:-idl- incroersi-,
in r'-... a.ce for the -ext -t-o or thrc c.ys, eAnd r-raduily : creasing
in r.V'' -rs toMr'cs the Tidi.'e of th: Teonth. T-ey a--.-in b-ceTO v-rv.
abcunii:-2t on oveT-r.bcr ?, end. prc still norrously sb1unant Ceach n.,-'t
rosnc. lihts. (Deccrbor 7). 7We eat dcinn-cr in the d-.r`-, and& hovo entirely
ivn rdin 3t niht. '.i l.'t on the -qorch -e pre able to
Trane SOTo act.vitios at -'I.t., It 0 to this ! t:at the t:a:'.s -or
ccustc-.rec- to cCc each night ot bus ttrctd to it, bt since the
cl u trce to It, but since tlie
plrgTue of Tcr.-,s, th3y hvo coar.cp to .-a--.r,: although te. arc .3uitc
obu.dant in the surroimndir rsibn. 71The rco:ionr infested by the Ti :os is
known. to.ext -.`. foar alcn7 the coast 'n the north ns Qu'"ills, but
I h vc ao ino fo -t on as to th'ir 'rose-n-ce south of A-7-,illa. c,.c Co TC
77-ostly to l,:, nea-rer the '-ounc., on o -i'i
T.stlf to ih- ho roun, e. co'lc livin- on the scccr.c story
of.houses are little trounbl.ed by thoT. (G.iT.J. )
To *ct, Yren;' 4, 1932, e hnv: hd three distinct wvy:- of
a .....-.c Sci.-'r sp.; Octcb'r 28 to :7cvx-ber 4, I'-7; :Tov..T- !r 203 to
Dcccrbor c Jaruar- 7 to Janur- 14, 1932. Durir.- this -ocriod. some "-ore
t o, 'fu, evry ht, but in the last eoek or to I have noted
bs xte-ly none at lights. During the -ericds of 'TxiTrrT abundance we
.t in, -yen one or two c'!'e s on the table attract'nz too
T..' for c-- fort, des-ite electric lights blazin0- on the norch on cit'ier
si- e cf the dinin,. room. It was irsos.iblo to ore-re.? fod in the kitchen
tr darc, xcot the lar-:ins of the ventilati" hood.. Yet, Yd
,s conditions ,ere for us on the Froun flor, i -'joii:-- t" is
auarter" u stuirs ever- the carao, fno Tic".5s were c rc:.t. (C. n. wW.)