The Insect pest survey bulletin


Material Information

The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]


Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:

Full Text

TH I NSLC. '-,i




7 .-. T ` I a' it, VeY

A periodical review of rnt(.,',. '-, 1icu Lu{ios t1r.. lout the United States
issued Dn the first of each month trom V "o to December, inclusive.




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Volume 11






'. ". I C U L T U R E




C 0 T I 1 G


BU .. T. e T ';

T' 1 -f * "- 4

Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013











Dr. J. M. Robinson, Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn.

Dr. Oscar Bartlett, BQX 1857, Commission of Agriculture and
Horticulture, Phoenix.
Mr. C. D. Lebert, P.O. Box 2006, Phoenix.

Dr. W. J. Baerg, Agricultural Experiment Station,
Mr. Dwight Iseley, Agricultural Experiment Station,

Dr. W. B. Herms, University of California, Berkeley.
Prof. E. 0. Essig, University of California, Berkeley.
Mr. Stewart Lockwood, Bureau of Plant Quarantine and
Control, Department of Agriculture, Sacramento.
Mr. H. S. Snith, Citrus Experiment Station, Riverside.

Dr. C. P. Gillette, State Agricultural College, Fort Collins.

Dr. W. E. Britton, Agricultural Experiment Station,
New Haven.
Dr. E. P. Felt, Bartlett Research Laboratory, Stamford.

Mr. A. Stearns, Agricultural Experiment Station, University
of' Delaware, Newark.





Wilmon Newell, State Plant Board, Gainesville.
E. W. Berger, State Plant Board, Gainesville.
J. R. Watson, State Plant Board, Gainesville.
H. T. Fernald, 707 East Concord Ave., Orlando, ...

M. S. Yeomans, State Board of Entomology, Atlanta.
C. H. Alden, Cornelia.
J. B. Gill, Box 444, Albany.

Mr. Claude Wakeland, Agricultural Expc'ritnent Station,



W. P. Flint, State Natural History Survey, Urbana.
T. H. Prison, State Natural History Survey, Urbana.












Mi s souri




New Hampshire


Prof. J. J. Davis, Purdue University, Lafayette.

Dr. Carl J. Drake, Iowa State College, Ames.
Mr. H. E. Jaques, Iowa Wesleyan College, Mt. Pleasant.

Prof. Geo. A. Dean, Agricultural Experiment Station,
Dr. H. B. Hungerford, University of Kansas, Lawrence.
Prof. Harry R. Bryson, Agricultural College, Manhattan.
Dr. R. C. Sm-nith, Agricultural College, Manhattan.

Prof. W. A. rice, University of Kentucky, Lexington.

Dr. W. E. Hinds, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.

Dr. H. B. Person, State of Maine Forest Service, Augusta.
Mr. C. R. Phipps., Agricultural Experiment Station, Orono.

Dr. E. N. Cory, Maryland University, College Park.

Mr. A. I. Bourne, Agricultural Experiment Station, Amherst.

Prof. R. H. Pettit, Agricultural Experiment Station,
East Lansing.

Prof. A, G. Ruggles, University of Minnesota, University
Farm, St. Paul.
Prof. A. A. Granovsky, University of Minnesota, University
Farm, St. Paul.

Prof. R. W. Harned, State Plant Board, Agricultural College.

Dr. Leonard Haseman, Agricultural Experiment Station,
Mr. K. C. Sullivan, Board of Agriculture, Jefferson City.
Mr. R. M. Jones, State Fruit Experiment Station,

Dr. A. L. Strand, Agricultural Experiment Station,
University of Montana, Bozeman.

Prof. M. H. Swenk, University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
Mr. Don B. Whelan, University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
Mr. L. M. Gates, Department of Agriculture, Lincoln.

Mr. G. G. Schweis, University of Nevada, Reno.

Prof. W. C. O'Kane, Agricultural Experiment Station,
Mr. P. R. Lowry, Agricultural Experiment Station, Durham.

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakeota





Rhode Island


Dr. T. J. Headlee, Agricultural Experiment. Station, New
Mr. Harry B. Weiss, Bureau of Statistics and Inspection,
Department of Agriculture, Trenton.

Dr. J. R. Eyer, College of Agriculture, State College.

Prof. C. R. Crosby, Cornell University, Ithaca.
Dr. R. D. Glasgow, New York State Museum, Albany.
Mr. P. J. Parrott, Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva.
Mr. P. J. Chapman, New York State Experiment Station,

Dr. Z. P. Metcalf, North Carolina State College, State
College Station, Raleigh.
Dr. R. W. Leiby, Commission of Agriculture, Raleigh.

Prof. J. A. Munro, North Dakota Agricultural College,
State College Station, Fargo.

Dr. J. S..Houser, Agricultural Experiment Station, Wooster.
Dr. Herbert Osborn, Ohio State University, Columbus.
Dr. R. C. Osburn, Ohio State University, Columbus.
Mr. T. H. Parks, Ohio State University, Columbus.
Mr. E. W. Mendenhall, Ohio State Department of Agriculture,
97 Brighton Road, Columbus.

Prof. C. E. Sanborn, Agricultural Experiment Station,
Mr. C. F. Stiles, Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical
College, Stillwater.

Dr. Don C. Mote, Oregon Agricultural College, Corvallis.

Dr. T. L. Guyton, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg.
Prof. H. E. Hodgkiss, Pennsylvania State College, State
Mr. A. B. Champlain, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg.
Mr. H. B. Kirk, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg.
Mr. J. N. Knull, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg.
Mr. G. F, MacLeod, Pennsylvania State College, State
Mr. J. R. Stear, cLo Koppers Experiment Farm, Li.onier.
.M.r. C. A. Thomas, Pennsylvania State College, Kennett
Mr. H. NT. Worthley, Pennsylvania State College, State
Mr. W. B. Mabee, Pennsylvania State College, State

Dr. A. E. Stene, State Department of Agriculture, Kingston.

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee '






West Virginia


Wyoming '




Porto Rico


Prof. 'Franklin Sherman, Clem son College.
Prof. H. C. Severin, Agricultural Experiment Station,

Prof. G. M. Bentley, State Board of Agriculture,

Dr. F. L. Thomas, Agricultural Experiment Station,
College Station.

Prof. G. F. Knowlton, Utah Agricultural Experiment
Station, Logan.

Mr. Harold L. Bailey, State Department of Agriculture,

Prof. W. J. Schoene, Crop Pest Commission, Blacksburg.
Mr. C. R. Willey, Division of Plant Industry, 1112 State
Office Building, Richmond.

Prof. R. L. Webster, State College of Washington,
Mr. W. W. Baker, Western Washington Experiment Station,

Prof. W. E. Rumsey, Agricultural Experiment Station,
Dr. L. M. Pairs, Agricultural Experiment Station,

Mr. E. L. Chambers, State Department of Agriculture,
Madi son.
Prof. H. F. Wilson, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Mr. A. G. Stephens, Department of Agriculture, Cheyenne.

Dr. H. L. Dozier, Head, Department of Entomology,
Service Technique, Department of Agriculture,
Po r t-au- Prince.

Mr. 0. H. Swezey, Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association,
Hono lulu.

Dr. A. W. Morrill, Cajeme, Sonora.
California address: 815 Hill Street, Los Angeles.

Mr. M. D. Leonard, Insular Experiment Station,
Rio Piedras, Porto Rico.

I N S E C T P EST S U V 2 Y B U LL 7 T I:

Vol. 11 Marc>- 1, 1931 :o. 1

FO?. J,'7UJ1r AITD Fp2(uMY, 1931.

In introducing Voluie 11 of the Insect Fest Suarveo Bulletin, we to express the gratitude .'_hic: the Survey feels for the nan;-
c:r-.,-endations received- fron its readers on th1 last ary u'..e.r.
The quality of this number, and, in fact, of the entire SarvCe 2ulle-
tin, is to a very lar+e extent attributable to the '-icncre?.si cooper-
ation whichh ',e arc receivin- froa- our collmbcr .torr. Prob.,l" the
most influential factor in this incroasc effici:o is t.e a.pPreci-
ation by the entomologists of the States of the value of State S"...y.s.
Each year additional States incluc th is ohfsc of ,o as : r.:jor
project, and with each State Suirrey set up, th1 eral Insect ret
Survey's picture of the entoniolo-ical conditions i' t'hat State advances
.:-.'.- t e r i all".
The Survey i .shcs also at this tireo to re-nind its collaorntors it is now in position to assist th--0 :ateriallC- in vorii_ up
_u.rap-.ica! distribution nd lists of hot plant ad of prasitc of
individual pests. It can not, ho'-'evcr, v.n.ertahe the preparation of
comprehensive lists of isects, althoeh its files 0al's ope- to
research ,.orcr io find it possible to visit 0shin-ton. 'About 20
re'v,:ests for infon.ational service v:ere filed ..'-- the past "ear.

Quite naturally, 'hen such -a l r7 s of i-fo tion f:. so
,many and v.ried sources is received,'es in deter.inntio: ,nd
interpretation rill occur. The Su-arve,- invites its reacers to critinisC
anr feature of the material that it :-ublises ancd ures th: t send
in co"r,,::;tions ?ro::'.tly in order .. ::staes ",- not ire':Ain in the
per:.e:t records of the Surve-, but a.y be co-rected_ i-n ml.cqcr'ent
...uri.'bers of the Bulletin.

The very rc:...ar2'.ble drou.;ht that prev)ild over a l -r *c art of
the country last year will un_,doubtcl.2 have a arhed effect on the
ab-undan..ce of nany insects. The vzr-- :wild -,inter th't :-'as pr-vailcd
over an equally lar- re-ion :ill also pr obaly be reflected in insect
bu-' Our collaborators should strain every effort ti Car t

give the Survey as complete a picture as possible of the relative abundnce
of the various insects of their respective territories.

DaLring the very warr weather of late January and. early Fobruary,
reports were received from Missouri 3n South D2:ota. of emer,-once of
grasshoppers. It was at first believe' that tiis was Drecocious hatching,
but later evidence seems to indic.Ate that it was merely the emor-cnce from
hibernation of such specic.s of .rasshoppers as spend the winter in the
early nynphal stares.

This sa.e warm weather resuIJted in reports of the appIearace of cut-
worms in Missouri, and we also have a report of damae to strawberry "buds
by cutworms late in February on Bainbrid-e Isl.and in Washin]ton State.

An interesting observation of the successful hibernation of the
pupae of the corn eoar worn at Coluibia, Mo., has been received. These
pupae were alive when the report was made, in the last woT of February.

The sugarcane borer appears to have passed the winter in very !Tood
condition in Louisiana, though the population that entered hibernation
is reported as having been small.

E-.zs of the rosy apple aphid seem to be prevalent enough in Pennsyl-
vania to indicate trouble, while in southern Vir-'inia they are so scarce
that the entomologists are recomm-.iendin- omittin; the aphid treatment in
early s r?;s.

The San Jose scale still sees to be on the increase along the
Atlantic seaboard from Pennsylvania to Georgia a.nd westward over the Gulf

Reports of very successful hibernation of the codlin- moth have been
received from tihe cw land, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, and tho
southern part of the ?.mst Central States.

The vegetable weevil has been reported from practically the entire
infested territory as affection winter tr.ucl crops.

The spotted cucm_.ber beetle is reported as doin;, more or less d0-mge
in the Gulf region. This condition, however, is not unusual.

The banded cucumber beetle is reported as quite -enerally distributed
over Florida. Although known for several -ears front the western part of
the State, it is a new pest on the peninsula.

The western spotted cucumber beetle started leaving winter quarters
during late Janaary in Oregon.

C.'.li-or:iio. It i.s e :n cO.- I or sc.oC t "c> -'". :) t > s.. q.-i
-7nc1'. ,'-to Valle s.

A icav ri r'r ticn .1f th. tv ':'.ip I.-i"--- "I'no 7 i G-.e t'
County, --.:, on ?o-.r- 2.

DLL"ri iu .st "r'1. : in .. Jc:,. 'r- ?-'._ tle cvrc t ic,:t i"-' JO-"- .t.
tlhe tLiropean u-.rwi,!.-' r- zs ..... ctiv- '-.t sever-3l soi tq.t in Or..:o-.






South Dakota







J. R. Watson (February 24): Grasshoppers are moderately
abundant in Florida.

Washington Evening Star (February 1): "Hopping insects
were brought in from the country near Marshall yesterday by
L. D. Murrell, banker. His assertion that they were grass-
hoppers Was supported by most local entomology experts, who
said never before had the insects been observed in January."

L. Haseman (February 26): During the noon hour today at
Columbia, with the temperature I should say in the 60's and
with a bright warm sun, I did some scouting for freshly
hatched grasshopper nymphs, covering a distance of something
like a mile in pastures, along rocky hillsides, meadows and
truck patch, but was unable to locate a single individual.
I am rather of the opinion the recent reports must either
have referred to early hatching on warm south slopes, or else
they may have referred to the species which may winter with
us in the partly grown nymph stage. I failed to find any of
these partly grown specimens of nymphs either.

H. C. Severin (February 19): It has been claimed by some
of our people living in the western part of the State where
grasshopper outbreaks were most serious last year that grass-
hopper eggs have already hatched. This may be true, but I
doubt it very much, for we have quite a number of species of
grasshoppers that hibernate in a nymphal stage and it is prob-
ably such nymphs that the reporters saw.

Henry Dietrich (February 25): Grasshoppers were moderately
abundant in George County until the middle of December, 1930.

C. D. Lebert (February 25): Melanoplus spp. and Schistocerca
spp. are scarce.

CUTWORMS (No c t uidae)

J. R. Watson (February 24): Cutworms are scarce; less than

L. Haseman (February 26): Partly grown cutwolrms are out
at Columbia.

I' H. Dietrich (February 25): Cutworms were bad on turnips
in George County last November but have been neglibible all

'exas F. L.'Thomas (_february 27'): As yet we have received
no complaints of cutworms.

xrizona C. D. Lebert (Febrary 25):" A-otis ypsilon
moderately abundant in Salt River Valley.

'ashington ,m. W. Baker (February 26): Japanese strawberry grc'.ers
on 'Bainbridge Island report two kinds of cutworms as working
on the buds of strawberries at this time and state that they
have never observed them working this early during previous
seasons. T,.o of the growers have promised to send in mate-
rial for determination.

IJJ.7ORMS (Elateridae)

:ansas H. R. 'ryson (February 20): 77ireWorms became active near
the surface at .z'.httan unusually early this year.

7HIITE GRUBS (.hyllohaga spp.)

:ansas H. R. Bryson (February 20): Owing to the recent high tem-
peratures, white grubs are very close to -the- surface at

C R E A L A 1 D F RAGE C R 0 P I- IT S E C T S

HZSSIA.: FLY (Phytcohaga destructor Say)

'lissouri L. Haseman (February 23): The Hessiarn fly infestation is
more or less scattered similar to last 'year, but thus far
this pest has survived the winter in fine +shape. Some sam-
ples taken earlier in the winter showed a vEry high per-
centage of parasitism, while others near Columbia show little
or none.

CHIi:CH BUJG (Blissus lcico-nterus Say),

[issouri L. Hassr7-..n (February 23): The weather up until the last
few weeks has been ileal for chinch bugs, as we had little
moisture prior to Febr';:.ry. The present coot rains are not
so favorable for the bugs, however.

kansas H. R, Bryson (February 20): There are very few chinch
jbus to go into hibernation at MY.inhattmn this winter. Large
numbers went into winter quarters in southern Kansas, but
effective burning in. a nuimb,-r of counties may reduce the
population considerably. .... I


*CORY Th'R `.OZ. (Hellothis obsoleta Fab.)








L. Haseman (February. 23): A plant in my garden set aside
for corn ear worm studies shows that the pupae have survived.
the winter, so,?'alnost perfectly. Of 8 pupae dug up on
February 8, 7 were perfect, one apparently having been killed
by a fungus. Furthermore, these' were only on the average
about 4 inches below the surface of the ground, each with its
characteristic exit: hole, which I noted in this case ran
almost vertical, rather than sloping as it is usually de-

SPOTTED 'CUCUPBR I.TLE (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)

S J. R. Vatson (February 24): Th'e spotted cucumber beetle is
1 es s abundant than usual.

J. M. Robinson (.February 27).:., The spotted cucumber beetle
is moderately abundant on lettuce, turnips and legumes, at
Auburn and Fairhope.

V.7. E. Hinds (February 25): Diabrotica duodecimpunctata
are flying actively and appear. to be present in at least
average numbers. -

K. L. Cockcrhhan (Febr-iary 1): On TFebruary 1, when spray-
ing Satsuma orange trees at Biloxi, these beetles were
observed'to fly out of the trees in great numbers as the
spray -ist struck the foliage. The beetles were evidently
feeding to some extent on the more or less tender leaves.
These beetles have been very plentiful in this section all
winter, being noted on various winter truck crops. They
have appeared more numerous than usual.

H. Dietrich (7'Cjruary'25): The spotted cucumber beetle
has been moderately abundant on turnips at Lucedale all

SU^f RC 3I 02R (Diatraca saccharalis Fab.)
WV. E. Hinds (February 25): The hibernation of the sugar-
cane borer appears to have been quite successful for the
comparatively s'-tll borer population entering hibernation.
G-eneral observations indicate approximately 50 per cent of
the hibernating borer larvae alive up to this time. Vith
a very mild winter and an early spring it will likely give.
opportunity for an extra generation of 'borers to develop
during the following season. '

SUGARCAE3 3 ,BTL3 (Eu.-,theola rugiceps Lec.)

-. E. Hinds (Februrxv 25)0 ?uethfola: rugicps is present




3outh Dakota




in some cane fields as adults, as shown during the recent
observations following plowing.


AFHIDS (Aphiidac)
H. E. Hodgkiss (Februa.ry 24): Sg.- of the rosy apple
aphid (Anuraphis roseus Baker) .:--oar to be well distributed
on the blossom spurs over the trees and very many on water
sprouts. This condition is similar to that which occurred
in the fall of 1929 and which indicated the rosy cphid out-
break of 1930. I m looking for an unusual aburnd.rnce of this
aphid this spring on account of these conditions.

M. P. Jones (!.-,rch 2): Thile on a trip to Blacksburg,
February 29, we examined an orchard near the station. .7e
found that aphid c n were so scarce that nicotine will be
omitted from the spray this spring. There was no sign of
the ec.'s hatching.

SSCALES (Coccidae)

H. C. Severin (February 19): The scale insects have
passed the winter very successfully.

R. 3. Deen (February 25): Scale insects on poach and
apple trees have been observed in very large numbers at
Tupelo. A'pprently a very large nrambr passed the -ild
winter and an eno.r.ous number of trees will be injured and
killed. whore proper spraying is not practiced.

W. V. B!aker (January and Febr-jary): The young of
L ecnnium sp. are very numerous on fruit trees and many
native shrubs around PIuyllup, S. r.ncr, Tacoma, Fairfax, and
Eatonville, vhile at Bellevue, vbcre they were very abundant
last year scales are rather sca.rce. None were found while
a number of trees and ;native shrubs on Bainbridge Island
were being cxq-ined.

SAN JOS3 SCEL (Asnidiotus perniciosus Comst.)

H. E. Hodk'iss (February 24): The San. Jose scale is vern
more abundant than v',as anticipttcd and in the Cumberland
Valley rLegion some orchards are in as bad condition as
orchards were in the first years of the San Jose scale out-






C. H, Alden ( ebrary 19): -io San Jose scale is scarce
at Cornelia. Moderately. -b -idv-:nt at Thomaston, where
crawlers were found in orchards.

Oliver I. Snapp (January 20): The percentage of live
San Jose scales at Fort Valley ,.on peach trees is some-
what higher this winter than usual. This may be due to
absence of low temperatures so far this winter.- The average
percentage of live scale on peach trees oil January 6, 1931,
was fOund to be 91.6. The average percentage on January
15, 1030, was 84.9. On December 1, 1928 it was 63. On
December 6, 1927,it was 79.3' And on January 18, 1927,
was 75.

J.'-R. Watson (February 24): The San Jose scale is moder-
ately abundant.

H. Dietrich (February 25): The San Jose scale is plentiful
on peach, pear, and rose in George, Greene, and Perry Coun-
ties. It has also been found killing ornamental laurel at

J. F. Kislanko (February 26): The Sran Jose scale is
killing some of the fruit trees in the vicinity of Wiggins.

R. Z. Pepper (February 26): There is quite an abundance
of San Jose scale showing up in the peach orchards near
Yazoo City.

S. Lockwood (February 26): Investigations made during the
month have shown that San Jose scale will in all probabili-
ties cause some trouble to peaches in the upper San Joaquin
Valley this year. They seem to be fairly abundant. In a
few orchards incrustations of some twigs has occurred,
though only in a few.

CODLING 70TTT (Carpocaosa pomonel1a L.)

New Hampshire




P. R. Lowry (February): Hibernating larvae appear in
about usual numbers in southeastern New Hampshire.

.H. E. Hodgkiss (February 24): The mortality of codling-
moth larvae.-is difficult to estimate, but there is no
reason to expect that the percentage of infestation will be
sma-ll as the number of larvae going into winter was unusually

C. H. Alden (February 19): Large numicrs of hibernating
larvae were found in orchards at Cornelia.

L. Hasemen (February 23): We are carrying through an
unusually large population of the codling moth, particularly




in the orchards co'.trol vzas not satisfactory lest
s-xnmer. Winter -ortality is very low, es would Ie expected.

D. C. Mote (FEbr .ry 24): No codling foths have pupated
as yet in the region of Corvallis.

`TrI CAT3PILL.ARS (Mlnco Soma ,pp.)

W. W. Ba7-er (Jan-uary nnd Febr :-ry): The egg maassos of
two caterpillars, Malacosona disitria Hbn. a-nd U. -oluvialis
Dyar, are very scarce on fruit trees and other deciduous
trees this season. Thile ...hin observations at P-Oet,
Fuyallup, Suzncr, and Bellevue, and on 3ainbrid c Island
not a single egg -aass was foe'nd where during the pars three
seasons they were abmundat, except that during the v.irer
of 1939-30 the c - of 'luvialis were rather scarce.

SrRING CAhE.= '703! (Fal'acrita v3rnata Peck)


Cali fornia

'Iew Ham sh i re


H. R. Brjson (February 20): E.ergjence of the spring canker
worm began on Fcbruary 17 r.d has not reached its pcak at
this writing.

F.ZL C;x'K=7 '"JO! (Alsonhila ro-etaria Harr.)

H. R. Bryson (Fobru- r.' 20): Fall canker vworns bc--*n:
emerging at Manhattajn January 15 and have continued util
thenc *prsen .'I
the present time. 7 te peak of the emergence v;as reached on
January 29, the period of greatest ec-rgence being between
January 23 and F,-bru.ary 7.

S. Lockwl-ood. (FP__ruary 26): 33 Dring the month, it was found
that the fall canker worm, c,_'s were morc than normally
abundant in cherries in Placer County.

.... P_ D "'ITE ( v-- pilosus C. & F.)

1. 9. Lowry (Fel.r.:'ry): European red ".ite eg.-S -re very
cornon in 7any orchards in southern LTr." H.-':shire.

n. n. Hoc.-kiss (iebix .r,: 24): A _u.T-vey oi the eastern
:-.,nsrylvania counties indicates that the infestation of the
European red spider is rather spotty, although it is suffi-
cient to warrant sr..cial attention except in two counties,
Delaamre an1 Chester, z'rhere oil m ray will not be recom-
mended on account of the uus.lly low -percentaLe of er-s.


CLO7R MITE (Br;obia -praotiosa Koch)


S. Loclwood (c oruary 26): The e,7s of the brown mite
have been less than-normal in Placer County.

CH B e xitiosa Say)CH
F-3ACH 30SR (Ae~eria exitiosa Say)








C. P. Alden (February 19): Peach borers are scarce at
Cornelia and "oderately ab-unidant at Thonaston.

JE R. ';'atson (Febr-ary 24): The peach borer is about
as abundoant as usual.

H. Dietrich (February 25): The peach borer is .oderately
-. i ..;-.. County.

OPI2ETAL -ThJI'T "'T:I (Laserresia molesta Busck)

C. H. Alden (February 19): Larvae are hibernating at

riJU.: CURCu-LIO (Conotrachelus nenu-Thar Hbst.)

Oliver I. SnapP (Febrmary 20): The weather at Fort Valley
has not yet been sufficiently cold to bring about the
mortality of -many adult curculios in hibernation. The
mini-- temperature to date is 19.80 F., which, according
to hibernation records, is not low enough to kill many

C. H. Alden (February 19): The plum curculio is still
in hibernation at Cornelia and Thomaston.

J. R. "Jatson (February 24): The plum curculio is still
in hibernation.

GRATE Lh'" OI T r (Erythlroneura co-es Say)


E. 77. McGregor (February 13): A serious problem concerns
two or three species of leafhoppers, particularly the grape
leafhopper, which seriously injures grape crops during the
active season, ;rud which has somewhat recently developed
the habit of .igrating into citrus ,'roves at the anproach
of cool weather in the fall, During; 1930 these leafhoppers
reached, possibly, the hi'-hest point. of abundan-ce ever
recorded, and over a considerable area were reported as
causing great do ,.e to vineyards. Similarly, they were
more abundant in oran..e T,-'es than previovsb.v', I believe




thait I have connected.thcm with a -eculiar bl'-iish on the
rind of rireninc oran" es as ben arousin, core and.
more con-i-laint and speculation. Certain crops suffered
considerable reduction in *;r-dc front this cause during 1930.
The injury evidently is becomi increasin ly rt"r.

E. 0. 3ssip (Fcbr,-ry 24): Hirtin adults are nore
nur-merous than ever before noted.

S. Locwood (Fe'::r'aary 26): The g-rape leaf horper, has
evidently winterel very vell. The overwintering adults d!.ring
the war- days are very readily found in the ::'rszS's in the
vineyards and adjacent ro-lsides .nd ditch banks. Unless these
are checked, commercial d. lce will occur over a large p2rt of
the San Joaquin Valley.

PACIFIC F1 SrI:r (etra n('chus pacificus McG.)

,_ebruary 13): For several yecrs this mnite
has been beco'ig increasin ly co"..on mand disastrous -- chiefly
as a pest of vineyards,. It is also serious .c..ce to various
deciduous fruit trees a-nd o,'a,:al>. It is my opinion that
if its aggregate d..-a:e wcerc c?- rte2, it would be shown to
be the most costly -est orerating in the northern three-quarn-
ters of Canlifornia. To say that it is i --.a:jor pes.t is no

Z. 0. 3ssi; (rebruary 24): Tiere are many hibernzitinp mites
under the bark of gra-;evines in the San Joaquirr Valley.

P~12~ AD~~7

RCD-I-CIP C 30=-12- (Arilus ruficollis Fab.)

Mis si ssippi

LR. `-. Earned (February 23): De'bcrr:, plants that had
evidently been injured by the larvae of Aarilus ruficollis
were received fro-i '7inona on February 16. One larva
ten.tatively identified by J. M. Lan.:,ston as this 0'necies was

.4.T APHID (A-mhoromhors rubi Kalt.)


"*T 4.7 er Februaryy 12): -' and. very recently hatched
young were found on and close to the buds of evergreen b'lack-
berries, especially those near the ti-'. From one to five
or six were usually present in d2cF, case and the -:-iority of
e js ere -tore or less conrice: led in the crevices at the side!.
of the buds. As the ;C and young aPoar identical with
those found on thimble b(rry this is possibly A-- ,'ro',nr.r
rubi (Kelt.). In the case of the thimble ',rr, there vwere




often ten or twelve eg'cs at each bud. The writer has often
looked for aPhids on Evergreen blackberries at Bellevue and
Payallup during the past four years without ever locating
any, but as all these observations were made later in the
season that fact may account for the failure to find them
during those observations.


TWIG -IRDL7T (Oncideres cingulatuis Say)

T. Dietrich (February 25): The hickory girdler (Oncideres
cingulatus) was very abundant and injurious to pecans in
George County during October and November (probably owing
to dry: summer many adults emerged).

S:,ICICOY S UC7K WO,, (La.spe-resia car7-ana Fitch)



R. W, Harned (February 23): J. M. Langston reports that
overwintering shuck woras are less numerous this year than
they have been during several previous years.

GLOOMY SCALE (Chrysomphalus tenebricosus Comst.)

J. M. Robinson (February 27): The gloomy scale is moder-
ately abundant on pecans at Fairhope.


-R.-- CITRUS APHID (Aphis spiraecola, Patch)



J. R. Watson (Ftc",:'-'ry 24): The green citrus aphid is very
scarce, although one occasionally meets a tree with a heavy
inifestation. This is undoubtedly due to the cold weather
causing the citrus trees to be thoroughly dormant without new
growth to support aphids. With the possible exception of
tangerines, which are al'^.ys late in putting out their growth,
it does not seem at all probable that the aphid will do much
damage this spring.

H. T. Fernald (Februar0 24): Aphis spiraecola probably
just appearing on opening' citrus leaf buds at-Orlando. It is
too soon to judge abundance.

IMLON7 APHID (Aphis gossypii .lov.)

Monthly News Letter, Los Angcles County (February 15):
Aphis infestations in the citrus ,roves of the count h',pve
appeared earlier than usual in most localities this season.


Such infestations were ent in -,)-Ie areas before the
trees started to -1ro-uce buds. Infcst-tions arc becoming
heavy at this timo in some localities. In .*ny instances
the new growth and buds have advanced so 2.atCriilly that
it is advisable to control the aphis at this ti-ie.

FLO-7.DA FLO"IaS (Frakliniclla tritici bis-inosus Nor".)

Florida J. R. '7atson (February- 24): The Florida thrips are very
\ scarce, Tlhis is -undoubtedly 2ue to the cold weather cousin.;
the citrus trees to be thorouWhly dormant without making new
.,''. *, ~SC3uL_ IlTSZCTS (Coccidae)

laba-a J. M. Robinson (February 27): Citrus scales are --o!er.atcly
abundant at Sprinm; Hill.

FLOr.IDA ?-.D SCPL2, (Chryso'-.nrilus ficus AsIm.)

Florida J.. .Vatson (Februry 24): The Florida red scale is -nore
Z. ant than! it was a year a,o.

CALIFO::: L D s eCiLE (Chryso-Thalus aurantii ::Lk.)

brizon.a C.D. Lebert (Jebr'-.ry 25): A severe infestation on citrus
in Mesa w'as observed January 14-25. The scales were mature
or nearly so.

IUFJLE SC2LI: (L, -i1- "h, z becki Noewm.)

Florida J. RO Watson (Febr-nrj 24): The purple scale is --oderately

H. T. Fernald (February 24): The -ur-le sc,,le is -loderately
abundant at Orlando; -iorc Kuncant tan" last --er.

COTTO-,Y-CUSZI0. Sc., (Iccr -"-'Mc>i ( -s.k.)

Irizona C. D. L&e rt (_-4bruary 25): Several -ntture fc-iales of the
cottony-cushion scale vocre found in old infested a reas in the
Salt River Valley during Janu.ary andcl February.

CITIUJS- W:IT2FLY (Dialeuroles citri s-)

rlorida X J. 2. "7atson (Fe.r -:ry 24): The citrus ihitefly is -'oder:.tely
C-.jnint; nore so than for several years.

lississippi H. Dietrich (Frlruary 25): Tlho citrus v'hitefly is -odcrately
abundant on Satsu-I oran.:e at Luceda:le; very abundant on cape
jas-ine in GeorCe, Greene, ind ilerry Counties.

- 201-







VErETA.'LE WEEVIL (Listroderes oblipuus Gyll.)

J. MI. Robinson (February 27): Weevil larvae are moderately
abundant, feeding on lettuce, turnip tops, and turnip bulb.
Larvae and pupae present at Andalusia, Auburn, and Grove Hill.
(We can not definitely identify until adults emerge.)
1r. L. Cocerham (Februaary 4): Larvae of this insect were
found dama~~zing cabbage and turnip in a garden in Biloxi to
sich an extent that spraying was resorted to for control.

R. W. Harned (February 23): The first specimens of the
vegetable weevil to be received at this office during 1931
cane from Vicksburg on Januaary 26. The correspondent sent
in several larvae with the report that they had practically
destroyed a 2-acre field of turnips. Severe injury by the
larvae to cabbage plants in the hot bed was reported from
Mendenhall on February 13, and to turnip greens from Neshoba
on February 18. A correspondent at Fayette reported on
February 20 that vegetable weevil larvae were causing serious
dnaage to almost all garden vegetables. One adult and
several larvae were collected on turnips at Meridian on
February 17.

G. L. -ond (_-riary 25): The vegetable weevil was found
to be quite numerous on turnips in a field near Maselle.

Henry Dietrich (February 25): Larvae were found sparingly
this year all over George County but nowhere doing any damage.

J. P. Kislanho (February 26): The vegetable weevil is very
abundant this winter in Stone County and the southern part
of r Forrest County, causing very severe damage to turnip,
cabbage, carrot, and other vegetables.

BANDED CUCUIBER BEETLE (Diabrotica.'balteata Lec.)

J. TF. Watson (February 24): We have been receiving a good
many specimens of Diabrotica balteata. This seems to be a
new arrival in Florida, particularly in the peninsular part
of the State, as it is not listed from Florida in any of the
older lists. The State Plant Board listed it from western
Florida as long ago as eight years, but it now seems to be
all over the State; although abundant, it is not injurious
as yet.

WESTERN SPOTTED CUCUiTERi BE7TL {.Diabrotica soror Lec.)

T. R. Cha:berlin (January 29): Diabrotica soror has been
leaving the winter "cachies" for the last two or three days










and. nany are on the wiing. They are leaving the cr ches aboi:t
one month earlier th. in 1930, prob-,ly o-.-.,'in, to the absence
of snom upon thie -rcl.;nd -- o '..s e .:s' .1y .rr.: d..vs tov;ard
the end of Januaryr in Fooest Grove. (February 27): In spite
of he fact that Diabrotica so!or left the ca, in the
vicinity of Forcst ?r-r'e about 1 uonth c?.rlier than last ;m.r,
they have not bien ford. abundantly in the fields since
is3ua-ice and el: development in the ovaries is little if any
in advance of what it was at this tine last year.

Don C. Mote (Feorlary 24): Observed one adult feeding on
the leaves of scediin, mari-;olds at Corvallis on February 23.

SED C:?:: 1-UrT (aylemyij cilicrara Rond.)

R. ',7. earnedd (FobiorJ 23): Injurr-r to En:1issh pe-. pl.unts
by Phorbia fusciceos wa.s reported from "xcatawpa on January

: 7O.-FThiR] ::.0L2 CRICK7 (Jrvllotr.1 hexadactyla Pert:)

J1 Robinson (Februar- 27): Mole cricketss arc moderately
abundant at Aubrn.i.

PILTUGS (Onisciclae)

R. W. Turned (February 23): A correspondent at Sherard:
reported that pillbu-s wIere. very abundant in his :.arden on
Febru-.r, 9.


COLOUDO POTATO -52I-M 1(7e3-^-s d.ece:.lineata Sa')

J. RI. Ttson (Febrar:'. 24): The Colorado potato beetle is
still in hibcrntation.

J. M. Robinson (Febru.r 27): Danal by the Colorado potato
beetle is anticip-ited a' Poll City.

H. Dietrich (Febrry 25): Th'..- first a-:lt was observed at
Lucedale on February 19, attachin.:; tomato plants in a seed

F. L. h;..2.s (br-.ary 27): Colorado potato beetle not
yet observed.



A MAGGOT (Hylemyia sp.)


C-. L. Bond (Feboruary 2 5): Dipterous larvae were attacking
',ou-nLg roots of you., spinach in field near Laurel; about
one-h?.lf to 'three-f ourtfl'". t ,e spinac-h 'died, and upon
exa'ination the root stems were foimnd to'be hollow. The
s>allr larvae .evre found in the *rbund beside the spinach and
from all. indications were responsible for the damage, '


CAB3BAGE APHID (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)




Florida. Y



Floyd F. S-nith (Februar- II): It is estim-,ted thiVt 2 per
cent of the population present at Arlington Fam, Rosslyn,
in November, 1930, is still alive on rape plants. It is
evidentU.; that this aphid will speh-d the entire winter here
as an ana:ic female. A Japanese variety of rape seems to be
more severely attached tlihai any of the other varieties growing
near by. :-

R. W. Harn.d (February 23): Aphids identified by A. L.
Hamnner as Brevicoryle' brassieae were abundant on cabbage
plants collected at Okolona on February 6.

Henry Dietrich (February 25): Brevicoryne brassicae was
very abundant on collards at LecQesville.

SGRT2T PYCH 'FAPHID (,Myzus persicae Sulz.)

R. W. earned (February 23): A sli,-ht infestation of Myzus
persicae on cabba-e was reported from 0kolona on February 6.

Henry Dietrich (February 25): This aphid was c-::tre'-ely
abundant on turnips at Luceda.le in November and December, 1930.

HARIqUIN BUG (:' .-a.intia histrionica Hanm)

J. R. Watson (February 24): The harlequin bug has not yet
appeared in the fields. .

Henry Dietrich (February 25): The laarlequiin bug was very
bad in George, Greoene, and Perry Counties on collards last
November and December.

F. L. Thomas (February 27): The harlequin bug has not come
to our attention yet.




North C2 r :lina


Al ab -.ia



DIU :T".'D-BACK ::DTH (Plutel la _cuipennis Curt.)

5. W. T7-red (,ri--ar' 23): Plutell- I.culipen'is .7as
collected on a caba_'e plant at Oholona on Febr-aar7 6.

Henry Dietrich (Feobrjalr 25): Larvae wvere found in lar.e
n'.nbers on cabbage, both plants in beds and set out at
Lucedale; adults and pupae also present in ?ebrurr.

C. D. Lebert (Fcr=.ary 25): Dia ond-bac' moths are abundant
on cbbage in the Salt River valley. Larvae .,ere ninin, the
leaves on Ja-r-uary 25.

:.rTD CA3AG-E 7L: :: (Pieris rapae L,. )

R. W. Leiby (7-,fbmry 19): An adult was observed on the
wing Februrry 19 at Ralci. This is not unusu a for we
have records of the occurrence of this adult for ever.
rA-onth in the yer.r at Ealte.ii..

L. Haseman (_---ruary 25): During the noon hour tod.av I saw
mry first cabbage butterfly on the win -at Cohlunbia.

CA30A3-: 437 AGOT (rleri rassicae Bouch),e)

J. M. Robinson (ebruary 27): The cabbage rni.--- ot is
mooderately abundan-it at Aburn; 25 per cent of the lettuce in
one garden has been destro-ed.

J^-L ^ Y -J -J .

SIT---: -L ROOT .P-ID (APhi s forbesi Weed)

J. IL. 2obinson (rebru ary; 27): The stra-u-berr-y root louse
is moderately abundant, hillinr,- plants in beds at Geneva.


ASP^U.l&US 1:1::^2 (A-_'.-ri 2irplex loeRj)
H. J. Han (Januar' 15): The lispara;s rPi nr ls recently
teen added to the short list of insects at:'2:u- asp.-v,.-us
in southern Clifor-?,., throu-h t-e ltn-vin. of zin iu'estxtion
in 4 fiald at. 3',rc!lk. A che' of ?.. -cc.t .re-is
hrsw? It b of more or less i...rl -c'.;rr:'-- in that part
of Los A,-elets County, -nd re-ortz ' since ben received
in.%ic.tin.g t,.it it also oc':ur- in th. San Fer.':;o Valley.
This pest s;e:ns to be well distributed over the worldd and
h .s previousl-- been recorded as bcin., vct- a.bu.n.adt in the
Sacra.e .-to and San Joaquin delta re. apT.arertly ihas not previously been recorded fro,. the southern
part of the State.


SAPID (lllinoa i salt.
PEZIA AkTHID (Illinoia 21isi Kalt.)

Ar i z on.


Florida Y"



C. D. Lebhrt (Tebr2aarr 25): The S.alt River Lettu-ce Growers
Association reported severe infest,?ations of pezt aphids on
peas nea3.r l.esa and- Tenpe' in Feb.Lar3-x and numerous snail
infestations on alfalfa in the Salt River Valley.

L. P. Roc.-,vood (Febr i-ar- 2): A fewr pea aphids were found
in a field ne?.r Forest G-rove, where Austrian Toas had been
disk-ed_ bz xci: in into land ,which had -.rown this crop in
1930. Fields ... ee:n seeded in October showed no
aphids, on the other hand a few, aphids were fo-.und on Austrian
pe'as in a field which was seeded in early October near
Mcl.innville. The )eas ihad iade _an unusually large growth
for this tie o-f year. ITo aphids v-.ere fou-nd on this crop in
fields seeded in -overfeer. (Febrnary .12-23): The pea aphid
increased in -izbers "Tar. the i-Ald w6at .. r of January and
early Febr-i.-.'-- on vetch seeded for a cover crop in an orchard
near Forest Grove. Tlis vetch seeded in Ai.ust or early
Septemnber-- 1930. On Feln-.i.ry 12, aphids averaged 150 to
each 100 sweeps of the net and vetch wfas just beginning to
show inju-ary. By ' 3 th-ere _-?l been a considerable
reduction in thic nibor of phids, aver- ed 30 to 100 sweeps
of the neot. This indicated a reduction of about 80 per cent
which v,.s probably due to a. disease which was present.

ST2PIPED CUCUO3Hb E-7-TL.7 (Diabrotica vittataFab.

J. R. 7Vatson (February 24): The striped cucmmnber beetle is
oioderatt,'iy a.buandan.t in the everlades.

F. L. Thonas (Febr'ary 27): The striped cucur-mber beetle
seen by R. 1K. letch' r ?.nd S. J. Jones on Febiusary 5, in an
alfalfa patchl ne.r Colle Station.

R. W. M-::..1d (Fe'r- ary 24): Mr. H:t.-.-:-.-r reports that t1Le
melon t.phid is very scarce this winter as compared to the
fo.ur previous winters on its over':nterin; hosts, curly dock
(z--: crisreys) and heribit (Larimr.i g'I' lenicatale).

PICKLE WORMJ (Diaphaniit nitidalis Stoll)

J. M. Robinson (Februar'-, 27): Damage by cantaloupe worms
is anticipated at Collinsville.


:^0: 47i :PI.A) i osyi Gl ov.


17orth Carolina





n- .... IT"-
T 'i!:T~i f P'E *- - -J-

T7J.TIP AID (Ropisiphr_ p-'-' ouras,1c.e 3vis)

1Z L( cjy (Y e r-Lr-): hi i" ct u s ee reported on
cab a-se p27-nts fror. western C-rol..ina_.. It is not ,:."'._: if
it is a.:u-da:-.t. This is a rather erl, record for its
api'oearanco in i'>jnrioYs :-usters.

G,. L. 3ond (:en.-ry 25): Tar:nip lice are quitee nm,2Geroias
on turnips :ie-r 21asel] e.

F. L. Thlonmas ('-lxn.'r, 27): The turnip louise miS bcen in
evidence thro-hot tL '"i- e: in Glvesto:- Co-unt' *Irdbe-
to drift wi.h the ind ii arc mer 'ebri.?ry 5, according:
to J. U. Tii, in cinr';e of the Plant Lice La oratory at

T'-7I.? -1'...iIT D (' i. pculi tr'n-sversus Riley)

J. P. Ki slako (Zro"-... 26): T.-.. tirrnip root aphid is
very abunrvt in the vici-i ty of Per-inston.


A L7::7--U3 ,T._ (ScijraL s' )

I:. P. Jones (Ja.:a.?'y 23): The flies 7hich ;ere collected
in a ':,shroou Lo-se at Col-jjbus, Januimry 2, have been
determined as Sciara sp. by 0. T. Greenc.

Mliscellaneovs trwc> pests.

APHI:S (Aphiidae)
Henry Dietrich ( ejniary 25): Aphids (undesemined at
prese: t) are,riie atr:e]- .. ,o- o
presen-t) are cxtreel- a .o.n.ant on mustard, casb.a-e, and turnip
at 3ucedale. -..e L"-sua.l n.b.-rs of ah,.ids this winter are no
dou-abt aue to mild and dry winter.

TA.7TISTD PL:T 3TUG (ILy-s m."2ti L.)


dissi si-Op!

J. M. Robinson (Febraary 27): The tarni-hel plant bu is
moderately. abidclant on vr:etables an, .o.., at .1,r:.

EC-I:r Mitrieh (rebr-urzr 25) T:" t?'rihd plant b
leen co:x:-on on garden truch at Lucedale durin.? Fe'r-ar".




BAGW01U (Thyridopteryx e-phemeraeformi s Haw.)

H. Dietrich (February 25): Evergreen bagworms are
extremely abundant on arborvitae in southern George County.
A lady picked over 500 off one tree about 6 feet high and
6 feet in diameter; not much was left of the foliage.

BROMT-TAIL MOTH (TLygmnia phaeorrhoea Don.)

New Hamno shire

P. R. Lowry (February): The winter webs of the brown-
tail moth are common and generally distributed over south-
eastern INew Hampshire.


A PlNE CONE MOTH (-Carpocapsa toreuta'Gre.te)




H. Dietrich (February 25): Lasoeyresia toreuta Grote
(identified by C. Heinrich from adults reared at Lucedale
last spring). The larvae are again very abundant in cones
of pines in cut-over areas, but scarce in virgin timber.
The larvae have been talen from the cones of Pinus echinata,
P. taeda, P. oalustris and P. carfbea, in southern Mississip-
pi; especially Pearl River, Perry, Greene, George, and
Jackson Counties. In cut-over areas of P. palustris where
seed trees are far between, the cones are heavily infested,
each cone having from 1 to 10 larvae; in the more heavily
infested cones practically all seeds are destroyed. The
larvae live in the pith of the cone and only go out into
the seed to feed.

BED-: -EADED PIHE SAWLY (lNeodiprion lecontei Fitch)

*J. R. Watson (February 24): LeConte's sawfly has been
reported defoliating pines.

A LECANTIUM (Lecanium numismaticum Pettit & McDaniel)

H. Dietrich (February 25): Lecanium numismaticum is
very abundant on young longleaf pine near Leakesville.

So=xth Dakota








H. C. *&Severin (February 19): Aphid eggs have passed the
winter very successfully. We have no important fruit-tree
aphids to speak of in South Dakota, but we have plenty of
other aphids which give us considerable trouble, and these
seem to have oasscd the winter very successfully.

A3U APHID (Dilachuis thuiafolia Theob.)

E. W. ,.c..-,,._, (February 7): The 'American arborvitae
used as understock for junipers were badly infested with
the arborvitae aphid. _T:c infestation was in one of the
greenhouses in Springfield.

H. Dietrich (February 25): This aphid was general on
arborvitae at Lucedale all winter, in a few cases evidently
in destructive numbers.

C. D. Lebert (February 25): The arborvitae aphid was
very numerous on stems of arborvitae in a local nursery
in Phoenix, February 24. .any plants coated with honey
dew and black smut.

A SCAL- (Coccidae)

Wm. W.Baer (Fbru-ary ) .ttins of Thuja were sent
in from Ohoh lis by an inrr' Thich wero heo-vily infested
with an im-nature scale sinitlar to o'r comrton !ecyrium but
smaller in size and differr -_f.c.r'L",t fr.-._ r:-.or', cut-
tings were taken from shrubs ;roeinJ out o0' ,r! ,.v the
young scales were auite active when the cuttings arrived.

=ZD SPIPZR (Totranychus telarius L.)

M. P. Jones (March 3): Evergreens heavily infested with
egos of the red spider were collected at Lyr.:hturg.

C!;c: LIA

C;.TUJ'IA SALE (L'pidLsa~ng rq.- 1't .e 1'- 6

H. Dietrich (February 25): IT, c.-aimcllia seale is -bun-
dant on Cagmjlia jaoorica at Luccdale.




WEEVILS (Pissodes spp.)





R. W. Earned (February 23): Weevils, very probably
Pissodes deodarae Hopk., were found injuring Cedrus
deodara plants at Hattiesburg on January 26.

H. Dietrich (February 25): Pissodes nemorensis Germ.
Was extremely abundant all winter at Lucedale on Cedrus
deodara. The first adults were observed on October 29.
No dying trees observed as yet at Lucedale. Evidently.
beetles did not oviposit on Cedras this year.

PALIES M^EVIL (Hylobius pales Boh.)

H. Dietrich (February 25):' The weevil Hylobius pales
was found feeding on bark of living Cedrus deodara.


EUITYMUS SCALE (Chionaspis euony.mi Comst.)

M. P. Jones (March 2): .'..The euonymus scale was found
slightly infesting climbing euonymus at Charleston and
also observed on some shrubs at the Experiment Station
at Norfolk.

FE5R1 SCALE (Hemichionaspis aspidistrae Sign.)

H. Dietrich (February 25):: The fern scale is quite
prevalent on ferns at Lucedale and Richton.





I'rC'STTTC' 'e (A om l,-1. aspp.)

H. Dietrich (February 25): Mosquitoes (Anopheles
Sunctipennis Say and A. ouadrimaculatus Say) were
abundant in Pascagoule saicnp, George County, in
January toward sundown on warm days.

HOUSE FLY (Musca domestic L.)


H. Dietrich (February 35): House flies were present
throughout the winter at Lucednle.

FLEAS (Siphonatera)


H. R. Bryson (Flebruary 20): Fleas are reported as
troublesome in barns and dwellings in some sections.

CHIG-C-E. (Trr.-.bicula irritans Riley)


H. Dietrich (February 25): I was much surprised to
find myself covered with "liumps" due to chiggers, in
January, after sitting cn the ground sifting for insects
and spiders in Pascagoula Sw.amp.


HORSE BOTFLIES (Gstrcrhlus spp.)

Mi s sour

F. D. Butcher (January): At the clinic held at
Columbia Janiuary 19-21 it was learned that horse bots
(Gastroohilus intestinalis DeG. and G. nasalis DeG.)
had been a factor in the death of a horse.



Alab ama



Missi ssippi


I N S 7 C T S

T:JiITS (I soptera)

C. D. Lebert (J.anuary I): Termites have done severe damage
to a schoolhouse near .Phoenix. Hardwood floor eaten in many
places and subtinbors (pine) severely tunnelled. Several homes
in Phoenix infested from, slightly to severely with the sub-
terranean termite. In most cases Heterotermes aureus Snyder.
(February 25): The desert torrIite Amiternmes arizonensis B.Ianks
was observed in January around roots of -,reasevood. ,oany
win-ed individuals were out after hevy rain's in Feorui-ary.

J. 11. hoobinson (ebr'o.ary 27): Termites (7eticuliternes spp.)
are moderately a,,.a-"-t at Dothan, d i:ain a an office b-ildin^.
Termites are moderately abundant at Athens, attacl-ing floors
and ,rood.r--. _.of a residence.

AnG.2TTIlTE AlT (Iridomyrmex hunilis :"r--) .

M. 2. Smith (Febrniar- 21): An Ari7entine ant infestation
-as recently been reported from Foorth. The definite limits
of the infestation have not y-et beon determined.

H. Dietrich (Febr'ary 25): On !Main Street, Livingston, we
c:i--o across a lar e eC:iit of balled pl,7nts from Jun.le
G-ardens, i~eN Orleans, La. On investigation we found active
Argentine ants that had ostalishod thcselves.
Inquiry at the restaurant where e had dinner shoVed that
the ants w-ere not all over town yet.

F1i7 I,/CTTS (Solenopsis spp.)

H. Diotrich (Fc.r-ary 25): Fire ants (Solonopsis .oeminata
.a..) ,rc very iaiyn:. mnm.erous in several houses in
3Iew Au.aista last lTove-; er.
IM. i. Sixth (Jobrvary 2J1): Fire ants (Solenopsis Tslni
M1cCookC) have ieen the cause of a number of complaints during
the winter. The ants usually hve co0:structed their nests
around arts or in the aso..nt of hses and from these
vantar-e points raid .itchns and -pantries even in very cold
weather. On one occasion our attention was called to a rest
of- fire ants in a -rc.nous. Wor-ers were not only -znawing
into the base of small corn plants (a.p roximately 6 inches
hi-h) but also carryin. ; off barley seed fro:-i a near "oy.


M. R. Smith (Febr2ary 21): Jacik '.ilton, Pl 3t Board-
Inspector at Corin-th, scnt in workers for determination. He
stated that the ants *"o're founlid. infectin- a house at Corintlh.
The kind of food the ants were eating n-as not .:entionedl. This
species is very little affected by cold v,:eatl-cr, as .-."
observers .have noted.

LTAT^ CArrzrT-~. TT= (Canponotus herculeanrs L.)


H. R. Bryson (February 20): One crpcn:ter ant frequenting
a dwelling reported on January 20 from Salina. There
n'cs a similar report from Ma'nh'.ttan. Themr.ildne ss of the
winter temperature hias cnccuro.;edl this pest in its fora;in;-

BOX E-DI BUG (Leptocoris trivittatus Sa,)


Don C. Mote (February 24): Adults have been observed
novir.- around on warm days1 Quite a fe"fe reports have been
received of their bein- abundant in horses and bcin, come-
vi-hat of a nuisance.

I:0jUSe CRICKyT (Gryllus domesticus L.)

rer.' Hanpshire




P. B. Low"ry (Feb2ruary): Several record's have been received
in the last two months of this species in houses in D-ver and

R. W. H-irnod (February 23): Crir'ts 'v:erz reported as very
abundant in a residence at Meridian on January 9.

2-TOPSIT EZIVWIG (Forficuda auricularia L.)

L. P. fclgckvood (February 27): SarTi7s were out of winter
qcaarters in late and early T--"'bn.-ry duri'- period of
nild sprin,;like -eatler. Seen on sidc'-.':-s in Forest Grove.
Don C. Mote (February 24): 2-iropcn e.arwir /n'cre observed
movin- about January 30. Two youn.- second instar and a ew-
fc.ales observed above jr,,.'. at reportt, and on Febru-ary 7
a nale and a natin.- prir r.ere observed. at Portlaid.
CLOV2q !:IT. ( praetiosa Koch)

1. R. Bryson (February 13): The clover mite "Ls- been
reported as troublesome in a c. illiwr in Ta.:s.- City. This
pest -"s reported co.-;re-atin- in la-':e n=-ibers in the samr.e
house last fall. Ow7n-- to the exccptionally nild 1-inter the
adults have been successful in passion the n-iAter.


,:0117Lf ANT (rreholepis* inp-ris S-.-)



II. Dictrich (Fcbmary -25): ThIe I-Ldian-raeal :moth is badly
infesting peamut-caranol candy in a dru-ystore at Lucedale.
A.Ilts ener-ed I'Toverbcr 16 and throu-hout the winter.

IJC: "71TIL (Calendra. oryzae L.)

Mi ssissippi



Mi ssi ssippi

I. Ditrich (February 25): The corn weevil is very
abur-dant in corn in southern Mississippi.

'UST-U-D 7LOUi 331m (Triboliimu ferru.ineun Fab.)

Z. Diotrich (February 25): The rust-red flour beetle
is very corr-Lon in dry ceeals at one store in Lucedale.

:I-FC-YiTT GIIIT 3TL2 (0_ryzaqphilus nordator F :.-.,)

I7. Dietrich (February 25): The merchant ;rain beetle is
abu'and.nt in peanut-caraziel candy at Lucedale.

CIGAT7TT B .TLZ (Lnsioderna serricorne Fab. )
.:.k \ *' -. *
T. Dietrich (February 25): Larve of the tobacco beetle
arc abun,-ant in old ci.,-rcttes and tobacco in a store in
Lucedale; adults encryed Fe:runry 19. LTarvae, pupae, and
dead adults wero entre-ielh abundant in a packnge of a
patent rat re-edy at Lucodale. The re-.edy 1was in a friction-
top tin can and the contents rere completely destroyed.

IINDIN,11-7M.L MIOT.I (Plodia interpunctella Irbn. )


. ID. Leonard
Insular Experiment Station, Rio Piedras, Porto Rico.

The sngarcane borer (Diatraea -ralis ab.) is al more
serious on the south coast than elsewhere on the Island. According to
Mr. Pedor Richardson, cane at the Insular Ex-periment
Station for the past several Tyears,tis less injurious than it has been
for "ears.

The sugarcane root caterpillar (PF'-r'oradix sacci.ari Sein), according
to Mr. Sein, is generally distributed throughout the sugarcane-growing
sections of the Island and doing considerable damage in the azregatc.

SConscensus of opinion is that white -ribs (P-llopHaga spp. ) have
been less of a factor during the past fe-w ,ears on sm.garcane
formerly. Daring this past eair they ,:!er: some-.czat more abundant and
injurious on the north coast but about as injurious as usual on the
south coast.

The sugar compan-y at Caauas reported considerable da-age by the
change (Scapteriscus vicirns Scud.), especially on the more sandy t-'pes
of soil. It also did considerable darnagce in Ba3mraxon: -- Aguas Buenas.
In both the above cases the da; e was to sugarcane. This insect is
most injurious to in the tobacco zone and the T:r?.:o Valley,
including H.uricao, Las Piedras, and Juncos. It was also reported as
severely di'ing torr.tous in Gazu..s on the more sndc' soils. The ch_-n,-aa
(Scapteri sous vicinus Scud.) did considerable dnaga in Februa-iry and
March to peppers being 7rown for canning purposes at Rio Piedras.

In May a considerable i nfestation of the yello' cane aphid (Sipha
flava Forbes) started at Ag'cirrc but ladybeetles were reported to have
cneched it before any undue mnornt of dama;e result ...d. Often rather
injurious during the begin;nin- of the smnrrcr, epecially during the dry
Fp~lls and in the southwestern p -rt off the Island. Apparently th e past
year was about normal for this pest atta.


Horn worms (Protoparce se-ta Joh. var. jnrice-sis Butl.) were re-
ported by J. A. B. :Tolla as doing severe d'c.uage to tobacco during part
of the year at Cagas.

The potato flea beetle (2pitri4 cuciuncris L. ) has been generally
present in both sc:.d c:1. and in the fields of tobacco but not especially
injurious except on no-v'ly set plants in the Ca.yey-Aibonito district.

Both tha large tobacco suckfly (Dicyphus lridus Gibson) and the
s.2aller one (D. prasinus Gibson) were observed in m :v, tobacco fields


but apparently they are not very injurious. In M1arch, 1930, the larger
tobacco suc'-fly caused considerable trouble by destroying the buds and
blossoms in a large cross-pollination test in a field in Caguas.

Cutworms (:Toctuidae) have been generallyy present both in tobacco
seedbeds and in the field but not especially 'injurious, except on newly
set plants in the Cayey-Aibonito district.


The Florida red scale (Chrysomphalus ficus AshM.) and the purple
scale (Lepidosaphes beckii 17ewm. ) were about as injurious to citrus as

".thite grubs (Phyllopha spp.) were occasionally reported as injurious
to young citrus trees.

Reports have been received of a little damage'to citrus by the vaquita
(Diaprepes spengleri L..)

A red spicer (Totranychus sp.) was more injurious on citrus than
usual during the excessiveJly dry spring and summer.

The citrus rust mite (Plyll]:ocoptes oleivorus Ashm.) was more injurious
to citrus than usual.during the excessively dry spring and summer.


The rhinoceros beetle (Stratzsgu q-uadrifoveatus P. de B.) was
destructive in almost all coconut p! 'ntings, but apparently more injurious
along the eastern and, o :rn coasts. The Extension Division has been
conducting a clean-up c-mnpaign against this pest, which has been more
injurious since the hurricane of 1928 than formerly.


A r?.re root weevil, Coelosternus sulcatulus Boehm., was found for
the first time in Porto Rico in March, 1930, infesting about 2 acres of
cassava, high above Comerio. Above 10 per cent of the underground stems
were rendered worthless for use.


The banana root borer (Cosmopolites sordidus Germ.) is 'now generally
distributed in most parts of the island and doing, considerable injury to
bananas and especially to plantains in many sections.


The coffee Jooaf miner (Leucoptcra coffeella Staint.) was more injurious
than usual and morph injurious in the wetter sections than in those with


less rainfall. In the extensive seed beds 7rown by the 2gricultural
agents with the help of Red Cross funds for the rc.bilitation of the
coffee indistry the pest, ovin' to sy-stem?tic arid thorough',
was of little importance.


The beetle (-'Yabrcti-.a graminea Baly has been more abundant and
injurious than previously, oving no doubt to the increase of plantings
of stri.: beans since the te hurricareof Septe.ember, 1328. Severe infes'tations
were reported from Cn
A bean leaf beetle, Cerotom denticornis Fab., wa's -eneraly present
in all bean plantings and doing some d1amae, especially where no spraying
had been done.

The bean lacebug <(Corythuch.ia rosoypii Fab.) was injurious to
several snall plantings of lina be-nv ,adurn. the s-mjjvzer of 1930 at Rio
Picdrs and at Palo Seco; the ]e.'ves turned '.hitish or brownish and. some
fell, greatly reducinG pod formation.

A leafhopper, L-poasa? sp.,, common a:id often very injurious to
small patches of beans which were unsprayed.

The bean pod borer (PIaruca testulalis Gcy:r) was not very common
in lim-,a or strin- beans during tlje spring and s'iner, probably owing tob."
t-.2fact that the host plant is scarce during these seasons.

The bean leaf roller.. (G-oniurs roteus L. ) wvas present in most
plantings of beans that wore o-xazinad.


The potato flea beetle (-I' tri- cucuricris Iar. ) -,as v-er injurious,
es? rlly in seed-beds and in the ficld at -io Pio`ras from March to
Ma:,, 1930, but most of the da'-a in th-e field as usual ".'as done from
late September on.

The m'lon aphid (Ahis gossypii G-lov.) was more or less injurious
to eggplant all over the Island t':routh:out the :-car.

The eggplant lacebm (C,'" -ucl- mor.nch. Stal) '-s been common and
often very injurious 1:
Climbing cutitwcms (ioctuid-.e) did co2-sirlerablc d '.iA3,e to the buds
and to young eggplant on o-prrimental plots at the I.'sul'.r r::poriment
Station at Rio Pi':'r-.s.

A loaf tier (Psoara pcraqsialis Wal'.) has done cor.sidcrable daa..
to e-.,olant both in tho seed bed and in the field at Rio PieC'ras "rom
September to 'JJumr ,t little trouble has be.L notice- since.



The onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lind.) was generally present during
the drier periods and was often very injurious to onions from January
to July. (Noctuidae) were injurious to onions at Rio Piedras and
Cayey in onion seed bed during January and in the field from November
to March.


Around 300 acres of Irish potatoes were grown in the Island during
the year. An inspection tour to demoIostration plots at Comerio and
Barranquitas late in Februarry -.' e the crop was fairly well along showed
a fair amount of flea-beetle (pitrix cucumeris Harr.) damage, a few
leaflhoppers.. (q2poasca fabae Harr.), and a fewv aphids (Aphiidae).

The sweet-potato weevil (Cylas fcrmicarius Fab.) was present and
frequently very injuirious in apparently all parts of the Island.

A leaf miner (.rorjyza sp.) has been found in several localities
and while fairly common in some patches of sweet potatoes is of only
minor importance.


A moth (Dichomeris piperata Wlsi:. ) was first found in Porto Rico
last year (1929) reducin- the crop of alfa.lfa up to at least 30 per cent
on a 2-acre experimental plot under irrigation at the sub-experimental
plot at Isabela. The leaves are webbed together by the caterpillar and
skeletonizel. It was not present, however, on a small planting at Rio

A loaf-miner, Agroyza sp., was common in the field at Rio Piedras
during the early s-uraer but apparently not abundant enough to be
injurious to alfalfa.


The cowpea pod and stal--! borer (1u.ndella cistipennis Dyar) was
reared from pods at Rio Piedras in :!'-y.

The tobacco budora (Heliothis virescens Fab. ) larvae were fairly
cor.rion, eating large holes in the pods .t Rio Piedras in !ay. Moths
emerge ed June 1 and 2, 1930, from papae formed from May 20 to May 23.

The liria bean pod borer (2Itiella. zinchenolla Trait.) was reared from
cowpea pods at Rio Piedras in nay.

- .. .-37-



Several outbreaks of the cotton norm (AlFo-' ar.illacea -,n. )
occurred throughout the cotton sectio:;, necessitating considerable spr:,in;.

The pinic' boll wiorm (Pectinophora goss'piella Sau:.d.) was tenerals.
distributed throughout the cotton s sections of the north anrd south coasts
but wag- not very injurious to cotton.

A leaf miner (ITepticula ossiprii ?Fbs. & Leon.) ,,-s first discovered
in March, 1930, and described as a new species. It 7ras present in the
majority of fields of cotton on the ;outh cost in 'the spring3 until crops
e.'re harvested, often with. nearly all the leaves full of miners, but
apparently little damage was done to the crop. To infestation was found
on north coast.

Cotton stainers (Dysdercus andreae L. ?,nd D. ue2&lectus Uhl.) ,ere
ge:.crally distributed but not ver: injurious, although abundant in several
cotton fields on the south coast in Marc.h, 1930.
The cotton lacebug (Corythucha gossy-pii Fab.) was present in s.a l
numbers on occasional leaves of cotton in various sections.

The cotton aphid (Aphi s I oss-pii Glov.) 'as- often found in small
numbers on the leaves of cotton.

A scale insect, Saissetia nira ITietn., vas ;err present and
often fairly abundant on cotton but apparently wTas of little importance.

A leafhopper, -.tpo' sp., was often found in small numbers
throughout the cotton-growing sections but was not injurious.

A leaf mite (Eriophyes !oss-pii Glov.) wras -c'-,crall;- distributed,
but scarce and doing but little injury.


Marston Bates,
Lancetilla Experiment Station, Tela, Honduras.

Hondvras (all records from Tela).


Host plant

Aspidiotus destructor Sign.
Aspidiotus 'lataniao Si n.
Saissetia oleae Bern.
Saissetia hcniispliaerica Targ.

Pseudococcus brevipes Ckll.

Pseudococcus virgatus
Coccus hesperidum L.


Pseudaonidia articulatus Mor'.

Ceroplastes floridensis Corast.
Henichionaspis minor
strachani Colley
Icerya -ontsRrritensis R. & H.
Parlatoria perandii Comst.
Lepidosaphes coronaria
Trion:-^us saccriari Cl-].l.
Chrysomplia.lus distyosper.ii Morg.
Vinsonia stellifera Westw.
Aphis gossypii Glov.

Cerataphis lataniae Boisd.
Franlkliniella insularis Fr.a-k.
Papilio anchisiades Esper.
Solenopsis geninata Fab.
Utetheisa ornatrix L.
Stenoma annonella Sepp.
Mollura,.peleus Slz.
Eantis pallida Feld.
Cocytius antaeus Drury
TriEona a:.althea Oliv.
Trigona sylvestriana Vachal

jageni?. jam.bolana ( alabar-plum)
Averrho'- carazibola (Carambola)
Lawsoni2 inormisi (Honna)
Achrs sa.p ta (Sapodilla)
Annon a -muricata (Soursop)
Ohr:-sophyllur. cainito (Star-apple)
Citrus sp.
Coffea sp.'
Diospyros kki (Kaki porsirmmon)
Grcini.-a spicata
A..anars soAtivus (Pineapp.le)
Sacc.iaruzi offic.inarun (Sugarcane)
Ar--non?. sp.
Albizzia m o luccana
Guilielra utilis
Di o spyros ,caki (K2,ki persimnon)
Tabernaeriontana coronaria (Cape-jas:
Citrus Lrandi s (-rapefruit)

Severine bua-ifolia
Citru's spp.
Severina bu-xifolia
T-.,be-rrnacQnontana coronaria (Cape-Jasmine)
Sacciar'.in officinaru2 (Sa-garcane)
G-arcinia spicata
Garcinia sp.icata
Annona sqgEar-iosa (Custard apple)
.THibiscus rosa-sinensis (Chinese hibiscus)
Ptyc _o spCr-:.,m sp.
Citras spp.
CitrLs spp.
Citrus spp.
Crotalaria spp.
Annona r'"ricata (Soursop)
Ficus carica (Corn-ion fig)
Citrus spp.
An.oaa -L.uricata (Soursop)
Citrus spp.
Citrus spp.



Guat e.nala

Host plant

Toxoptera aurantiae Boy.

INTeotoxoptera n. sp.
Aphis ossypii Glov.

Brevicoryne brassicle I.
Ma, lutitmn Theob.
-tzaD: ..-. spp.
I'1:=C porsica2 S'laz.
Cicadella instrata

Saissetia hemnisphaerica Tar:.

Frankliniella n. sp.
Fr%-'-lini ella n. sp.

Fr?.nli.iella achaeta Hood
Frarlkliniella insularis _ra4:.
Frar2:llLniella occidentalis Perg.
Frankliniella stylosa Hood

Bantis ralli:a Feld.
Ut-theisa ornatrix L.
Papilio anchisiades Esper.

r-'c_ lr- :r. ,. cacao (Cacao) at Retl'humllec
Coffea airabica (Arabian coffee)
Citrus spp.
Do lichoc sp. at Chimalton:7..r;o
Persea a:.oricana (Avocado) in Antigua
Zriobotrya japonica (Loquat) in Antigua
rezio n
Cabb ae at Tirlbador, S':- iarcos
Orchid at Tu:obador, San Marcos
Rosa sp. at Colomba and San Marcos.-
Citrus sp.
Coffea arabica (Arabian coffee)
C-reville?0 sp.
Ac'.rc-s sapota (Sapodilla)
Annona muricata (X ursop)
C hrysopiyl1lui cainito (Star apple)
Citrus sp.
Cof'fea sp.
Diosp:'ros kl?.ci (Kaki persir-to.-i)
Garcinia spicata
'Rosa spp. at Colombo
Coffea arabica (Arabian coffee) at
Pn.-ms calus at Quezaltenango
Citr,, s s,-,%
Pr-a-us nalus at Quezalte-a2n-o
Coffe,. arabica (Arabian coffee) at
Rosa sp' at San Marcos
Citrus spp.
Crotalaria spp.
Citrus spp. on north coast.



3 1262 09244 5468 I III llI I III II I I
3 1262 09244 5468