THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
B U L L E T I N
A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United State&,
issued on the first of each month from April to November, inclusive
Volume 3 November 1, 1923 Number 8
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
U N ITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE A N D
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
AG EN C I ES COOP ERATI N G
IN SE C'"l PES.-i' SUR B"J-' LL ET 11'-T
70 1. 3 November 1 v 1523
OUT ST-ANDING ENTOM-OLCrT1CAL F-EA7u RES I N T11F -OjTj'-,'FD STJES F OP OCTO' =, 1923
This number of the Insect Test Survey --alletin '1--i-r -9s Vol rne 3
of the publication to a close. The ;eason as beE n cne of but rrcderate insect dar-age in general.
The Hessian fly seenmT to be on L-he increase in 1 innesota, Io7a, and North Da2:,oka. General adcptiJii ,f t.,-.,e ate planting of -:11eat is rencrted from t-he greater patt of t".e wheat 'belt.
Continued rains thr -,u tl,-e late fall n-aterially rediaced the mwnber of chinch buCs 7hich 1 ent into hi* er aton in I*'Iir-;is and ,1isFDuri. The pest is reported as mcre n7x--,e-,,us than umal in ,.an3as, 71 innj-scta, and Nebraska.
A seri, ,us olatbrea:c cf the velvet bE:an ca+ver,-illar v!as observed in 11itchell Cc-anty, ITa., early this mc--ith.
very umasual -;utbreak 1 the lu")be-- 7--aszhcDpe, associated
-ith. t1l-le 'r;hite-lined sthinx at 1ac1:in'.,- t'-,e -Cattle ra:we plants in enormous rLu:ft)ers was reported :Crom Ne-7 lqexico.
The apple and thcrn skeletcnizer ic -n(.-,7 hno-n to cccur from
Washing 7ton C,-)unty to Island, an(3 7est 7ard to pultor,, Sch, ha::ie, Greene, Ulster and Oran,,-e Ccunties in New Y,-rk State.
The Mexican bean. beetle has materially e-7tended its. ran,-,e durinthe season. Detailed reports, of recent spread are o-ritained in this number.
.tLerorts on the cotton leaf7 .rm are still being received from a
considerable part of -the crt"ven belt, as rcll as from the i.a('re n--rtliern States.
Very serious carnage was done during the .past season to cottm in the Imperial Valley by the c(,,tL1cn leaf perf'rat,-r.
11 L L', F 0 11 A 37 E C -7, 0 1' 1 1 T S E C T S
j S 1"'I L 7,,Z 4j(YJS FE12M S
GR, ,,33SH01 7-iRS ("cricniaae)
Del Ec.-,ar e C, 0. Kou :-itcn (Octobe- 23): ')"elanonduc fcrra--r-.ibr,:Uq DeG.
h1as a-t-)peai:-(i in considerable n,=,,ibLrs at !\Ie,-.,ar:-- late.
Ill i-nr is 70. 1'. Fl-Lnt.-. 'Ira shoppers are not mfficiently abundant in
ro s t s ec 6 c f t he S t -at ; t =.a se any f ear (-f an oi tbr eak
in 192LI. In -esi-ern 721--ois, -ie 1L, so I has been -one to
pas'urcs, 'but are not present in r,-iore than the iisual
,,U-2.nes ta A. G. Ru--,:rl,: s 29" Cf firct i7mcrtance anong the
field- L.-isects are t' e In three counties sf t-he
State T-e had local ized bad outbreaks. TrL St. Louis and
Carlton Ccunties, t-he s-occies Tas Ca .nula nellucida. In
Hennenin Co-Lultv the s-pec--ea 77as bi7it tat'as. If
conditions are favorable 1 am expect:kig to see a large i- rease in ,-rasE -i,:)p:?er infectations next year in Ilirmesota.
-ebrasl--a i. S7:er-1r- (Sertember 117-30) Doxins the lasu o .:ebx-s n
,.: eptember t1acre 7cre : omc of abundance
in "-lh6,)t fiE;ldz in Vhayer and La:icaster C7untvies.
C tcber 1-20): the early part of October -rasshc-o7,)e:7,--,
we---e -er. xted injury in y(-,mE wheat iCields in Yorh and
Y.earnay "cunt-Las, but t'ne injury T7Es not general c,-- -articularly
Ill ia- is Z, Flint: Larvae of -Ar,), enia ornJ-th,-;ralli Guan. have been
re-Durted fr )n sev3rc-l cecti,--Ps -f the State, ixstly f ecdh, g
LT FT de-structor Say
_;ho -t Ludvst and. Septer;aer
in o is !lint: bimd.int rz:).--;ns +hr ouC -v
caa-,cd a scascna1 er+-.er -,ence c.f the Hecssiz .n fly. s pre-viously report L1 ii.ois, el at iv el y
LI-d, flies v.-ere bu--iCant in s(,ut'1,,efii
cca.:: ce in central lllin Is, an,--)' present ir ncrme2 mx-,bers
iY -riorthern 'llinois. E:.iergence in southc-rn Illincis arrarently
Tas nearly o-ver ab.--t t si-- days before t-'Te corrumted fly-free
dL. t e.
Iowa C, ~. Ainslie (October 25): In iMionona County volunteer and early-sown
wheat is heavily infested. The fly in volunteer wheat has largely
pupated although eggs are still to be found on the blades. In young
wheat larvae of all sizes are numerous and the outlook is unfavorable
Minnesota A. G. Ruggles (September 29): The Hessian fly seems tc be decidedly
on the increase. Last year we found it doing considerable damage in one
or two counties. This year I have had reprts from a number of counties,
but no reports cn the extent of te dCamage done. Unfortunately I have
had no time to devote to the problem an( have been unable so far to
work out the fly-free dates. Practically all of the infested counties
so far are in the ncathern part of the State and are in the region where
winter wheat is being grown more and more extensively.
Missouri 0. C. IcBride (October 6): The adults were somewhat later in emerging
this fall than in past years. 1,ost of the farmers and county agents
are cooperating with the extension entomologists and seeding after the
K. C. Sullivan (October 19): I wish to report remarkably close
observance of fly-free date and at present the fly situation loroks
North C. N. Ainslie (August 31): Hessian fly is present in every field all Dakota over this part of thea State (Mandan). I took it in Golden Valley
County and today it was found at Dickinson when I stopped there between
Nebraska 1,. H. Swenk (September 15-30): At the lessian fly observation station,
established near Flattsmouth. Cass County, after a few days of
comparative inactivity, the flies resuned emergence on September 18, bringing on a wave of emergence on September 21, oin T~hich date over 2,400 eggs were laid on 100 wheat plants, and nearly 60 per cent of
the flaxseeds had given up their flics, Emerzence continued steadily,
the last wave occurring on the 26th to 29th of September, and then
rapidly dropping off. By September 27 less then 10 rer cent of the flaxseeds contained larvae or pupae, and on September 30 nearly 96
per cent of the flaxseeds were empty, the pupae in flaxseeds on that
date representing only a fraction of 1 per cent of the whole. The flyfree date was announced for October 1 at this locality. (October 1-20): In the portion of southeastern Nebraska where the Hessian fly wvas most
injurious this spring, the farmers mostly awaited the flyfree date
before sowing their wheat this fall. In some counties, such as Cass and
Richardson, fully 95 per cent of the farmers awaited the announcement
of the fly-free date. Examination of the young plants of the new
crop shows practically no infestation in such late-sown fields.
WEFAU S=.A.TH G ILIIJ JOIh1j71CqM f.--.anrmg1At-a vagrlicn)a Dcann)
M i c'a ga n .1,, Pett 4.t (Sept(!fl;er 21': 1 received (,--)n the 2C'th inst. s _,rnnles
( f the heath j-)J.ntvorr.-i frcra John E, liar-son, Elsie,, M .C11. 1 an
scr--,-y to see this species coming back.
FZSE WIRL-,7CRM, (Meodes sp..)
Colorado 0. P. Gillette. We commonly have :nany complaints from the dry
trarmers in the eastern portion of the State because of' injuries U0 fall gi-:-ai.--is fr, -n the attacl:-- of faj.se one of my men ).nas Ja:,t retrox-ned from an inspe _Ucn trip ard re- rts t-ery ?*.nj,.iry, _Te ras able to firid. an occao .onal fle ,d 17h er e a- eciable harm was Uiin- done, In a single instance he thought
20 ocr ceno. of the gra-l.n. had probably been destroyed.
A F -0 0 c 1,7) (' .r j, LZO S -0.
Nebra ska M,, H,, 1,77enl : (Sepl;Ember 15.--10): rom Box Dutte County a report
of Jf the 11socid 0-0, )o,_-cu:-.rt.w,, on the rack"sI~ -. --- I Z
-7ith 7 ij.rh grain v7as baing haole,! U'-(-, Lhe th:7esl-iin- machines -during
the last week in Septenber .-7as rece;,.ved.
S IX 5 L, r.1,.T'M- !;'7T-O'P (C; -adula 6 no'ata Pau.
Nebraska 14, H,, S'.-Ienk (October 1-20): Durinlg the period covered by this
r .noi-t there have been nvjneroiis ing-airi-es concernin : the large
'b ar cf' *.Ie f, cppern p-1-cs nt in the oliuteer ;heat and the
Y-)U-nr: Theat ef the new cro-o. Tnese re-lr rts have come from
D, ,dgq, Colfax, seward, awl ct-her counties between ctcber 4 and
15. The cinc Ies ccneern'-d is ch*.e+iv -n,-ta'*a. No
has bec:--a r., Aed or e-ocrtcd as reE;LL1.t nf the unusual abundance of the,.;e insects,
"L2AFHOF:1ER (DAt-)ce- .halus affiln4s Gillette and Ball)
N 3b r -a ska 1% H. S 7eric (October 1-20): This inspect, Pss(--ciated 7iith an cutbreaL- cf 6-nctata. hap been recei-,7,ed ff'r ,m D-.d,4_ e,
U01fax, Hall, Se,,-r 7d anl count4-es bet--,7een Cclvcber 4 and
-, ROOT FHID (geo j ca, yrr. osa Hart.
Nebraslm 1% H. Swenk (October 1-20): In Douglas, Dodge, ard Colfax Counties there have appear& di:ring OctobFr in some of the enxlyso-7n fields Ln abundance of La
- , _7 n The county
agricultural agents of theso co-un.).es rei)ort that some of these
fields are being seriously injured by these ap:nids.
A ROOT i.1PHID (E2:da c1jo;acea Rohv er)
Nebraska ivl. H. S7enk (Octoober 1-20): In Douglas, Dc)dge, and Colfax Counties there have apr.eared during October in some of the earlysown fields considerable numbers of wheat root-lice, chiefly
Forda, oltiacea. The county agricultural a-ents of these c unties
report that some of t1lese fields are being seriously injured by these
CHETCH 3U-G (Plissuc le-ac<-cteruc S,--,y)
Ill in o is ,7,. P. Flint: C-ntinaed rains, Septen.ber h.,.ve
reduced the number c-,f 'ou,;s, it. is n -.' 1-ubtflA -hether they
will be -oresent in hioernat-inz; quarters in an-7 -7-eater nu-:Ybers
than in the fall of 1922. -Ii,-,I,-ts clc' a,,.v.l'u clinch bu -s
to hibernating qu s
starterss occ-uxred axrin the warm d,- ,y U---e -Pirst half of Oct :ber'
E!inne sc ta A. G. (September 29) iA a r-1,--knL.,r1-- in Yine CclLity, t'.,.e
chinc i -)a-s see- t- h:rie become e ,tal)-,ishel a-rain. 1,,"Pey d 1 1
considerable da.ia--.-a t'-,.is year to crci)s in t1-ia'v- rel, i n. e ar e
putting on a co, unity ,ai--n 1-n t1iat area "Uhis fall.
or 6) In a fe- c anticss rf central and Missour i 0. C. Mc3r iae (OcA, %I
northern His -ruri the chinc.1 bn, :s ca,,-tsed coiisid'erable d:--,,-n age.
(Septe-iber 29): Several nyn.phs in the t1lird instar nrere n ,ted,
and from all j.n--1ic-- 'Ui,-ns --f the adults rill :o intc
winter quarters in a )J-;jrGus oond4 r-n.
A. C. Burrill (0-- t o It (:,r 15 V- c 7et weather seems to have held
the chi.nclh big dc,7rn, from all rei,:ci-ts I crn ga.hea7, ex -ort in
,Andrew, Bich"-rian, .nd Cc1x,LT,-Lec. 7ers(-ral intestv--ti n
in the I'Ussouri Pi;-er Bcuvtom s,.-i,'7s no n-xibers cf chl.inch bugs,
al t h r.,ugh, s J mel e ind-;viduais -re y.'resont.
X. 0. SiAlivan (C--tober 1. ): VIAnch bu.:';-s are still Dlentiful.
to a 0,-Iorcus ca -.i,;n -''or burning all
in man- sections. A:'U !7f
harboring places is bein- crgan2.zed,
ITebr a ska 14, H, S7enk.: A report from J,-hnson 0,7,unty on Septe:nber 29
indicated that the chinch bug 7--s present in the cornfields in th ,t
1c.cality in abundance cn that date.,
Zansas J. '.7. :,IcC,)113ch (Cetcber 22): 3ugs have been g-ing into hibernatirn
since early October. "T)parenily tliere ,,.re than at this
ti.me last year.
CCC',!T (-Telict'--iis obs.-1,3ta Fab.)
Delaware C. 0. Houghton (October 20): Late sT,,eet corn at :71e 'ar'I,-- is badly
infested by th.L species.
Illinois 17,, Flint: This insect is less a bva".Ionju rnd lesuructir)'e to Lat
c, zn than -asual this s--asDn. Late swe t corn ohz )7-s an in e
of approximately O per cent. Field corn is nct as heavily
infested. r%is is a remarkable contrast t(- the infestatic-n cf
over 50 per cent in the fall of 1521.
S T" ur 0. C. : CB.ida (Oct-bei- 6): Scme of the !Ete corn ras heavily
infectedd C(7 -. 'Cal-l-Drn'. hut r.,,,T, ass 'neiEvi-ly Ls last year.
- an sa s J 1 ri c 10 a l"I a c1 1 0 c o b -, r 2 2 The co-n ax-orn i-,ras not as
abundant as nr=al in eastelri,. TKLnsas. A67)-,proxi:-iatelY 50 per cent
cf t-he ea---s -7er,,-a t-ie -_-rcin i-.a 'u2y a-ourting to fr,-)m 1 to
per cent. In ,:-e:;te-_-n 1,ansas the injury 7as rTceh more severe.
COMT LE,2 A:HID nairils Fitch)
_s ka H. a:,e-ah (Sente, er 15-30y- :auin- the last VTeek. in September
the corn leaf a-ohid vias rerortsd as inj,125-ous to kafir, nilo,
and the s,.-,ml1er grain scr &-ams i- 217_n.Lj.,S CO-unty.
'.7EEST-LEGN CORY, ROO 77,Ml (Diabrotica Say)
Ainslie (Suptember 29): .dults of this pest, are exceedingly
numerous this fall in this vicinity, alt'_a -u little da-mage to carn has beca re-ocrted ( uring the p.-st sir- ner. 'he adapts are
-feeainz on dandelions an"' c,'U-her latc flo 7rzs, and 1,ze found also
in large nL7Lr,-, oers on young alfalfa& con wh"Lch they feed.
,1i s s our 0. C. TicBride (October 6): --'he western ccr-n r,)ctworri 77ac ncted
feedin r u-pun the pollen of late-planted crra (September 29)
large nir-_' ers. No damage ,- Tas noted.
.AL_".L7.1 Ar,:) CILOV 7H,
Gj FDE T -,;-] (Loxcste--e siMilalis Guen.)
M L,10is W. P. Flint. This insect lic,.s cc_. tilr, _ed ab- ndant farou,7 -. September
and aarly October, and hes adl.y I.-hinned or entirely killed ryut
many fields clf alfalfa hich vicre so7n C-uring the latter part of
Au s t
J. H. Bi ;ger (October l-) E-leso web7:)rms/dest-rc yed 50 per cent
of the crcps, in a 20-acre -z ield, end are still 7rrking.
CLCV:HR-iqOCT CUIRCULIO "'Sitone, h-isridulus Fab.
I'llinois Wo !'. F1 i nt t s r, f S. h i s- i. 1ul -a s ar e albun d ant in cl ov er and al-fa.11"a fields, vfhere t'_- ey are nov7 dei: )sitir- Vneir cITgs. They C)
have caused, eone damage to ne :ily- -ovn alfalfa.
: A Al'HID (Rlinoia 2; si Ka"It. )
Illincis 'J. f. Flint Pea anhids are a little more then normally abundant in red clover and alfal-fa thr3u,4riout central illinoic.
1271B AND SORO1hM
e a KD,
SC2071(111 iIE37C211 v
..G S Ollr Oz C, McDr4da Oc'ober 6): The ka -,,crr-- that caused c,)nside- e
dama -,e to 1-!:,f%r corn in so-ut'hwesi e.,n Misscuri t7o -ea: s aeo
appeLxea a, aiii tli .- fall. I'L; is la-'Ler in ap-pearjn _' then t7
yea-t ago, er- e dama,7,e -in Bari-;-; Jasyer,
-t-tZ; iF; cono+td -'b,Ho-.,7ard, and Boc-ne _n L:,one iocailit-ies as h-Lgh as 50
per cent )f the oeed c-1--Lp has been damaged.
Kansas J, 'J, !"IrCciloch (October 19), Larvae have been reported d-ing
C(DnSiderable injury in several fields in Franiclin CCILIty.
VELVEI BZ_11.1 C.r MRFILLI ,1 icnrsia 7er! -iatijis Rbn.)
Ceorgja John B,,,- 2); The velvet bea-a cat6r-of" IL:- ap-pe,r.ed in
very --tuabers in 1.1itchell Ccu, ,Y,, Ga., -,: JL n g c C M: ; "
ir, lar-ge fields of velvet b ans. S, me 7as ais ) notr d on k-t6za vines, 'but velvet bear,, r as t! e preferred
h( st, to the fa--!-:iers of that secti-n, 7as t'-e
w _-)rs'G i-n: efta'u-icn that they had evei,7 witnessed,
ReIME FLj-tJT S
S-1 HLTIX Qleilf-ohi'la lineata Fab.
New Mexico W. 7, Einery (September 26): Dr. Baerg and I drove at least this army of caterpillars and they are str3_-rpJrir 'he foliage. f-L^om all plants and are r-u4ning the cattle ranap frT, the
(;oM 1r.& T intpr in Dona Ana Coiinty. lj)etuerrmined by Dr,
UUMM GRASSHOP-M (Brachystola nagna Gir.
.eiew Mlexico W. E. Emery (September 26): This insect is -7ery abundant and is on almost all plantations, toge-'.-her -"Lth the 7hite-li.nei Ln.2 .;a, devaq-tatinC thp. cattle rango f-r 'Ile coming printer. (Determined by Mr, CaudplL
F R U I T I IT S E C T S
AFE12-GRAIN APHID Rhopalo i-phum 2L ,n f2 L4ae Fitch)
"'hio T. H, Fark7, (October 20): These aphids were collecting in 2.ar,_,,e
,xtob r. is the
numbers on aj)i)le foliage and twigs during 0 e 1p,
fir-It r(,cu -rence of heavy migration to aprle since tho fa'il Cf 191 They aie so numerous as to be annoying to apple pic1cers.
C12DLING MOTH (Oarpoca-osa nom-)nella L.)
-VSassa ,hu- A, ril, Bourne (October 22) A f e7 strar, l ing, larvae of the, second s,,t t S
generation of codling moths ar'e stil. mat-urin,-, and are to be
found on infested trees, biut they have 7racti:oally ail1 gone into
hi~ernaticon at this time.
Illinois W P. Flint: In most of the orchard s,3ctions the third brood of
coDdling molvh was not of much importance this year, D~amage by this
br'ood has been re-port ed in anly )ne co',mercial orchara.
Ner 'Mexico R., L. Miifdleb-rtol (Octo-ber 23): Codling moth caused 15 Per cent
rejectioxis atI pa c1_ ng plants, but as the -price of apples diehigh andrjzim are bringing a good. price, this is not doing
as imxch f inanc ia. harm as usuial.
AK-LEB i2D THOR SKELETOUIZER (Hererophila paiJara Clerck)
ConnecticutC H. J,~ Zack: Sprayed trees are comparatively immune from apple
leaf, -pruarie~r at Deep River and Chester, in Midd&lesex County. This
year the infezta'.ions were very noticeable everywhere in ho.Me
orchardo anid, yards. The infestations are noticeably increasing over
those of 1)"D?20
~~~Tcw~~ _ok P,,~sran(i.St 30): There 7as a very lig-ht infestation in
an old aegicc ted orchard at Visscher's -Ferry, in Saratoga County.
MDo Leonard (SePterber 15): :B. '. Philbrick rencxts thlis insect
increasing in ab-amdar-ce at Rhinecliff througyhoutth ohan.sm
orchard; entirely defoliated. ',hey are now7 also ml 'cig their
appearance in orcharcs ',hat have been sprayed. (October 23): -An
examination of roadil ;ide!:,a)ple t--eez cn October 16, in covrpany with
P. M_. Eastnan, of th-e Department of[ Farms and Markets, Albat~iy,
showed a light i-lfestat ion as far north in l ,ashington Cou~nty as
G-ranville and West C3ranville. GCranville is practically on the
Vcxmunt border and West Granville is less than 10 miles south of Vhitelall, Th'is lizhtv infestation runs west to 'hucison Falils and
"'l erns Falls and. southward to Sarato-ga, A t Saratoga the infestation is heavier and, approaching Schenectady, it increased in abundance
On October 1%, in company with i;Ar, -Eastman, it '
trees and neglected trees from -Berne, on the western *bc-de' of'
A)lbaiiy County, soutuhv~ard as far as Cobleskill. Thie infestation in
the south-western end of Schenectady County, in the vicinity of Delan-son and Q uaer Street and eastward through Duanesburg, is
: icre severe.
.Lccording to information at hand., the present distributicn of
'the ap-ple and thorn &,eletonizer in this State would indicate that
the insect is present from Orient Point, on Long island, north
practically to Whitehall, in Washington County. On the east side
of the Hudson River Valley it reaches to the borders of Connecticut,
Massachusetts, and Vermont. On the rest ore of the dscn it
extends westward as far as Saratoga and in-cludes all of Schenectady
and Albany Counties as far west as Cobleskill, in Schaharie County
and the townships of Jewett and Windham in Greene County. It has not been definitely determined how far west in Ulster and Orange Counties
the pest has spread. An examination was made earlier in the season by Mr. Eastan of neglected trees at Johnstown and Gloversville, in Fulton County. pprle leaves were submitted for examination, but it
is not certain whether they had been injured by the skeletcnizer
On the above dates caterpillars in apparently all stages, as
well as pupae and pupa skins, were found, although in nost cases the
insects were not present at all on the leaves.
ror the last week at ilbany a few moths have been present on
E. F. Felt (September 20): At Nassau third-brood caterpillars are
full-grown and a moth was found on this date.
?.?LE UAGGOT (Rhaeoletis pomenella Walsh)
assachiihusetts A. 1. Bourne (October 22): I have under date of Octobor 18,
reports from Mt. Tarrar from Middlesex County, who says that sweet varieties of apples and Northern Spies have been much
damaged by fruit fly or railroad worm injury.
Connecticut W, E. Britton (October 24): This insect was found attacking apple
at Nei Haven, Sheshire, anJ Berlin. It is present in usual
i LE LE=CHOE1R (Emnoasca mali LeB.)
Missouri 0. C. MvcBride (October 6): The past 10 days this pest has
appeared in great swarms, causing mottling of the entire foliage
of the older o-chards (especially those in sod). The fruit in
this State is mature, so the damage is relatively small.
SAlT JOSE SCALE (kspidiotus perniciosus Comst.)
Missouri 0. C. McBride (October 6): The San Jose scale is still timing
its toll tn the apple crop of Missouri. The fifth brood of young is just appearing in southwestern Missouri. Several chards in Cooper and HowTard Counties are heavily infested, with 25 per cent
of the fruit spotted.
PE,.CH BORER (Aegeria exitiosa Say)
Georgia 0. I. Shapp (October 19): Thousands of pounds of paradichlorobenzene
i,)r the. r-each bc.-er are now bein,- put out in tho Georg- I a -each
Belt unler ve- -y favara:'ble 7eatheC s C, ur 0. C. IIC.ri6_e ',)cIsbcr 6')- The si-.izall larvae erteri:v- ;..*-.e
trees are mcre niii.ierus than at any time in the I:as-' t-'-r e 7f s 'I'le first ?.ar-!ae we-e notad entering the trees Septc-mber 3. 1hey are no7 fe, ,,dinz 'bet-7ee-j t--ae or-ter bark and cambium varying froin
3/16- to 9/'-b Inc"I-ies irn 7.en.-t'_-.,
SHOT-HCITJE '0,'7_-A '7 10,tz.
0, I. Snapp (Octo"ber 19): Fruit-tree bark-bectles are very
al-rc-n6ant this year -)n acc3unt- cf San Jose scale devitalizing
i- ny trees.
SNOUJY ((0_eca,,_thus i,-iveus DeG.)
Cal if ornia 'alifcrn.-La lqe,.-;s Letter, 7ol. 1:, 19 (scpte,_-ibcr 22): At
C7qe r6quest 0 t ie -rAb Dy, Mc-7iel and Lff)y Cor-pany, T. D. Urbalms
and .), 7. -il"')rath, el I _4riciiltilre, made
cf t1ie StaLe Departm
a-.-, i-,Lve3ti,,,-a V-J_(,n -X a -Lar,,;e _,rchprd unOer the c -ntrcl of this
cc=rany to de:U-er-,-,i-,-ie t-.-.e, cause ( f d .rnria,7e to C' ing Peaches,
7a s f cuna that- trce-cric. :etq had appeared in abundance, eating
siiall holes in the ripo fruit. 7,11c,,7ing cl-)sely on the damage
ca-usea b-,- the cric'. _ets, sn,-_ ros f a bro- rn-rot fun-us beTan to
develop, -,-rith tn, r- su ,,at tie fruit quickly s7hrT,-ea evidences
0-'L doca:,. Ab-ut 100 t_-ns cf ne-'.-- e
'res were lost in thi s in
h ,.r d
e-- :b s. .. 'Datton Sc-,)t 4): ---a-hes on one 4-ree at IIthaca are
S.A.:T JO',K] SC.I,,E j -,iaigtrs rerric4osvs Comict.
G e o ia 0. 1. Snapp (0c'VoI,3r 19): :TUr..ercus reports reachi-i-IF 1! Cboratory
at 3ort Valley indicate a materially increased San 11,-s c cc_-ile
infestation in the northwestern pa-_ -t of the Georgia -3elt",
REI) S]LTD ? (Tetranychu -%,iridis Lnkc)
J. 2. Czvill (October 2): A rather hew7y infestaui,)n )-' the red
s-ni"Ler oc:--ur2ea on reach trees in the lbany, Ga., section. The
dama 7e -.ill "be of such a serious nature a-, to cause pre.-.nature
of scrrre trees. This species is alsc -;L -und_ ccmir.(,nly or- h-*,cI-_orv trees, especially Ficoria glabra.
T, U1, C T -7 C ULIO (Crn,-Itrachelus nenu-pIiar Hbzt.)
0. 1. SnaiDp (October 19): The c-o-raulic has entered hibernation
at thle p6 ,nt.,. r7he-re -.-,as 3nly me F-e--- er-t..m of this ii-f7oct '_-iere during
t ,: o-st ceaz7on. Only t 7o a ults of a second e,enera-tl.J Dli 71ere reared in
Illinois J, Ht 3'g4--_r fOctober 1-i): This Pes10 is
apples in County ard 25 to 7C -er ce--_+v _ac
FALE TUS'SOCI'_ (L-a!.:_siCota tessellaris T-fbr..
EZ e-7 York C. R. Crosby (SeptPr.Ober !L'>, Spe ,,iF.ans of this pest v;ere rece_-',V'ed frc-I
T;ilson. It is a-+"I-nd-:,-i-_t )n T"Lums,
(_Pe-ec_-ccm:_s -ar-_.i-_.us Eh--,h.
E ichi-an Do. -eniia 'jlcl:aniel (Octo- er 9) Gn ,u-us+l 24 our attention -%;as called to
-.7cr'k:ing on grr pes d-,-,:%-n in 'Duren Thi- neal,,-buF,
se DMS VC be abundazA in a f e-.-- viney,,_rds. Tt cr-' lects 'n the lunchess
and cause sme of the berries to dr, ,- 'opfore ratrrity. 1' also
1 _oncydul-i -7hich is s-nea-l-ea o, -er the buncl.-_es and 7.Lkes t1ie- unsi,7htly. Cne
notices they are sti--ky .-i._en handled. I-IZ -oractiallym _. xt s thern; crt of the
basl-zet class. iin e,+:-zn inat ion r,,'L this meal:ibu- it, t-D b e t1i e
onmivDrcus .s nariti7ms, a meaOlyD-Lig- that is rep_ rted, as having
dc ne d2maF:e cOme year-- a,,,-o to Cal1fornia g-fapeF.
cr ,basis ncbul.- 11- -Pile-r)
eorgia J. 3, Gill (Oct
_T -c '-er 2): Tnfs i vLxy abundant in -- ecan crcl-'ars in
,md so-athern Gecrr-iz. and =rt ern I'l-,J-2:,. spra in ic bein,- dcne f 7r Fl or ida the con-151-cl t1iis :),est t a !'I 1_67-ut -."c-e, and nany pro-ers are -,btaining vary _-cod- re,,mits in -'r4'nD1_r
ICISEII_ 3___ _'_crcbasis hebescella 17x lst)
'eorgia J. 3, Gill "Cctcber 2): --his species 1-,as e: -tenle,21 its range -'f destructiveness in this State during the present seas, ,n, a5 Y(A its ey,-,,ct oprea(i
h .ts not been determined.
C- :77 CIG_ (Qclec-; hcra car7Ref-,Iie.;_1!I cl -Alabama J. B. %'Till (0-tober 2): A heavy infestation of this -. eslv- is reported
from Fo*..Il River, Jhere it has car-sed seri us da -_,age t,) pecai- o-c'nards
during aarly spring.
ZC__IIIT S.-CITTLE-BUG (Clastoptera cbtusa say)
Geor,7ia J. 3, Gill (October 2 a-is post has bem -er:- a' unl ,ant this fa-1,
occurring : en xa:ily On both pecan and hick.or,7 T--.,ee.,
PECZd7 STUCK.-MIM (Laspeyresia c_- _ryana -Fitch)
I eorgia J. 3. Gill (October 2) The pecan shuclc:. or-.- I is sho'7iing up in
srff-cient nibers in pecan orchards in southern Georgia to cause an preciable amount of damage to the crop. it is expected that the late-maturing varieties of pecans will be the worst affected.
PECEN 'EETIL (Balaninus carZae Horn)
Georgia J. Bo Gill (October 2): The pecan weevil is reported from pecan
orchards in the vicinity of Barnesville. The adults appeared in
numbers on bearing pecan trees during the first two weeks in
AN APHID (Lachn.ns sp.)
G-eorgia 0. I. Snapp (October 26): The heaviest infestation of this large
aphid ever observed by the reporter was seen at Fort Palley to-ay
on Delmas pecan trees. Most of the limbs were entirely covered
with the insects.
FALL TEBORMY (Hyphantria cunea Drury)
Georgia Jr B. Gill (October 2): The fall webworm is very prevalent in neglected pecan orchards, especially those bordering woodlands.
SOUTHERN GREEN STIT1K-B3UG (gezara viridula L.)
Georgia J. B. Gill (October 2): For the past three weeks the southern green
stink-bug has been occurring in numbers on bearing pecan trees of this section, and some damage to the pecan crop from this case is
feared. This stink-bug is now abundant on cowpeas, lima beans, and
various species of weeds.
T IG-GIRDLET (Oncideres cineulatus Say)
Georgia 0. I. Snapp (October 10): The hickory twig-girdler, attacking
pecan trees in the locality of :.arshallville, is mnre abundant this
year than normally,
FIRE ANT (Solenopsis gaint ta Fab..)
Texas T. C. Barber (October 21): Many complaints are heard of ant injury
on young citrus trees. The damage consists of gnawing into the tender leaf tips and also in many places through crevices in the
bark. The injury starts the gam candying, which appears to be the object of the attack. Possibly a great deal of the damage is due
to "'mosis" first attracting the ants, which gnaw into the tree
in search of further food supplies,
TRUCK-CROP IK SECT S
MISCELLANEOUS FEEDR S
BLACK BLISTER BEETLE ( ~picauta pennsylvanica DeG.)
New York U. D. Mills (August 30): Specimens of this insect were received and reported as attacking garden produce from Mineola.
TOT!)LO ,!'-q!D Poianif- Iji is"Lr.
E 11,41 :?a t ch 'k S p ?t Em b e r 1 This nest is a T. _ndant this year at
Presoue Isle. 2all migrants arc in s"-arriso
GR =11 'F- CH .,-PH !D ",% y-zus T)=cicae Sul-7.%
Maine B* Me Patch (S-e-AF-mber '15): Thi- -ocst is -nore abundant than
previGusly llcno7m, to r_- a lill t1iis State.
PO 2250 STzL1,,--B0-2F2 trin-tata Say)
Illinois C. C. ComptGn (Octuolher 1): The potato sta2l :---eevil has Caused a
ld)ss of from I;i 1-o 2 :, ce- tc cev D-LE F r_-ers -,.f e -ants e
__ 1 -1 L1 r ar
D e s 1-1 a in e s,, n-xmb- er f nl a -it s w ez- e k i 1 1 e d o r ar e no t b ear i
SLOTTED DE'ET (T =enia Kbn.
Flor'ida F. H.Mittende n (Cctober 1': Ifnis -est iz. ini iCUS '-o -rish Ur
potatoes at Ly-,.n Haven,
'J.V,'1AT 0 FRUI C f- -1i -th s n b s, I e t Fab
Georgia 0. 1. Snapp (October 10): The to--.,.at,,-. fruitlvcrm ha3 been doing
considerable damage -'Uc green ,rd rii e orratoas -n '11,is locality.
I i *T ORT = C ,C-, E 7 CR:41' (T n t j. a =-a e _5
Georgia 0. 1. Snapp (Cctober 10): Lar-.-,ae of the cabbaFe*.*:cr.-1 had cc:nDletely
defoliated a patch of collards at Yarshallville on this date.
,,T C'CI AGV -:3UG (L.rur,7-7antia hi s4--i-niqrt Hahn) HiaTIE '
Missouri 0. C. 1:cBride (Cctnber The har"Lejuin -a Y)age bu !..,.as been
reported doing da i'aje over several v.-'Lde'L'y distributed districts of
Misscuri. In come places it is -icajly destr-yin'g. zl-e lai-e
fs T R
"Aissouri 0. C, McBride (October 6): T'-Ie infest-ed area is 7 -lly increa in
In a 2-acre field in McD nald Oc-inty _nd a 'l-acre field in Cocper
County two-thirds of the p-1,ants -.iere killed by j :a;ust 21
DrUTRKY 001TI-ID 3EF,'.:IUE 0-7arpalus cali-g7inisus Fab.)
DelaN7a.re C, 0. Houghton (Cctcber): This species, 1, hich sometimes d ,e-_
consideratle injury to stra ,,b, r-ries in this State, has appeared only
in small numbers this fall, Drtri::iz Octol-, ,r it is usually very
common on ragweed in the fiel'-s, b,,,',- I ha-.re observed -out fet-specimens
'Q E. INTS
(D11- AZHTZ LE f
Dplx7are C. 0. '!u ---ghton (C--to'ber 22): This species has ar,peared in large
nl.rnbers rec, ntly A 7ewark on late linia beans.
Calif ornia R. E. Camp bell (Octol-,er 1) 171-Ac a--)hil attac: :ed a cc--Isiderable
acreage of beanT, a!-on,-- t'-Le coast below ,7en-,-,'Ura in A ap*Ust. The
infestation not- only 7ra s more general 11han usual but remained
longer. It -,c--arred+ at -16-1re tirnie of blossoming and mc terially
reduceCll- T)c-1 setting.
"Z- 37r -"T,1; DDilach-n-a cor ul s.
AL '7ealle F. H07xi&rd (Octo-ber 22): The TIericE n bean --ee
-tle is noTT knovai
D I ST111 to be establis'-cd as L ar east a-:7 a line extending lfrcm Ashe,,
i i 02, throut-a and L-.-,cc1n, tc Gastcn Countyi N. C. thence from
Chz- o'_,.ee C(--!,int-!r t o Zobevill e O-unty, ---. C and- as f ar soii.th as
,,., er I S I L L, (1a. -,,-iith the e:-ce-otinn -)f the lc-: allzeO, outb--ea] : in
Thorias C,-,,-ant: The PeCt r,,as alc C-.41-J-c-Jtha in
.7 orgia U. B, Gill (Octob +x 2): The 7.1exicar bean' beetle has been reported C.
fro-11 Lamar County by the 1r a 7e t-, *- rio submitted tHree adult
sp ,cLnens with the ranoi-t.
Ohio T. -ar1-s (October 20) : "These and lar-urae rere sent in by
the county a, ent of -4.dams County Tith t]Lie state-lent tl--iat '.'I--Oy Were doing damage to beans in t1aat ccunt-y a:lor,, the Ohio Fivcr. Thils, is t-',-la firs.. report rec- Avad of dama 7e fror.ri this insect in this State.
'-,Te,?le F. Ho-arO- (Septan7-er 2,)' i-rcf. R. 4'07. Harned r- -)po:7ts that
the StLAe YLz.-it --c, rd of 11,"ic. sic ippi hac scouted pnact-.2cally every
courU*,,T in the State but has not found the -Wexicaza been beetle
outside of Ita-7a-ba --nd Ti--ho- iin
o "o-!--nt-i-as JXI the no:7t!reaCter1'1
_,, U have oeen previ-usly
portion of the State. Dne.se counties
R. L. Miedlcbr(.ok (Cctolber 23): In counties of
i, iricc r:112.,e very sli7lcXly, lif at zL11. dL,f!---4,: 71 ed by Vie 100C cList--ict Dana County, had a gcod iel ot no a-p-1,)recia. )1e clonD by t'ie -Jeetle. Dona a C Aulty had
.!' ; -,I Y -1
-,a-- -0l" of pineses, -+Io a- )T-,,r iab-P, f cne; 0- the
b e ,a t 1 e 7 1 -. e (7 -i e lb r o o 0 z s t h e 1 a,. t r o- d T
late to be of ,,ny partic,,:-lar harm.
Mlexico G. Snyth: A surre-! 7ad t-)da-: o bean "ields in the
foothills, and in valle-vs an 1 -oress r. s a:-on,-,r the foothills,
at t1le 3age of -L e '_ix_;h ',-!e !t of Tac-aba-/a, D. F., and
II gel, :D. 2,,**omparatively
ezteud4 ig froi--i t1lere s,.)-Litli ,ard almof7t to San U
fe7 -fields were ercou-ntered, and in practically all of these ',"--e
beans 77ere 7o'7n amc*ng corn. coyruT-ta -as com-' ar&tively scarce
in all of th-, fields observed. In no iield did the iii'Lestation
ex._eod 2 -1-0 3 per cent of the plants, and in sr)ne of them .10
ln Restatio- coulO, be f un '_. series of la: vae, and a fe- eFS
masses, were collected for confinel.ien-L; to rear possible parasites.
BE-AN (-,,;Iada: -w.s rroteus L,
Gec-.-,g ia J. 3. Gill (Cctober 2): ILI,e bean leaf-roller is causing serious
damage to snap bel-ns at Thomasville.
C='-U7:37T.-BEHJTL-Z' (Dia'orctica, vittata Fab.
Maine E.1% Fatch (Se-;: tc:rber 2c): T'_- is insect 'has lbee:-_ tcrr--fizally
a10ii-ndazit in the vitiz-_ity o-f Oron- t7-is season. Great rrx-.I_)ei-s in the
sTzin ; and the fall crop off cad-olts are thIck under t'--e li-ing
leaves of the vines an unde-1- n,- ar-)y leaves at this date.
90 ,UASH BUCT triFtis De',,'
xTeW Yo-rk -R. q-,, Smith (September ll in-fested -,uasa -.-ere recei- 'red
0. rc. Crcsby (Zaptember 19' -1 cor-.-es-%onC_'-_nt f-_-c-n Thilricnt re,)Crts
that t"nis -pest has killed all 'his squash and pz-,plcin vines, b,)th
last season an(! this.
(Dia-,, nania hvali-not.-a I
.L.eT.v York C. 11. Urosby (.7-ptember 12): In-fested squa-shes 7ere recci-ved r, 'In
SUG.t0.-B "D::T WM ',;ORIJ 'Lo:zos'-e; e_ sticticalis L.)
Nle',, 7 1,1exico 1'. H. Chittenden (October 1*'- j. R,, -ucIn!-ec4 InvestiZat ions, port-d -ar- --e--rorm at 7stancia
this year. --ii"Zhout loc"li:ing up all tI .e record,, 1 t'.__inI-_ this is
unusually far south for the dii tribut-ion of this
0Ij- IE:' Z717 Ea. C iaclay 7 all c 1 L Pu-.I C al S '7 '?.'C
Virginia F. TZ. Ch it V, 1): The sout'-,ern beet
destructive to Swirs ci-, a in one locality in this State that was
report-ed Oestr( -yinc i-17c cfT), an t. ero is little doubt that
7 13, C J r ,, a P
Ezie-i ia s c al -_ s - r--n,*.a -,, -'1 1. ., --I: ; alld 71
biT7ancta'I_.I.S r7ith -'L;he sugar-Ocet ielcworyn are
very frequently confused vith tho '-srdeii 70bworm,,
N DZE 'i:7 ,70RIA (H-mnIa -fa-c i7, Cram, Ii ET -1-1
,,,O-r'h Carolina F. H. Chittenden u
(October I) The Hawaiian 'L)ee-- Tuebworm has been tro-ablesorme in$ this State.
F'E7,.F 7-TE711.1, (.,Itnt1-onr-.rac Puzenii Cano)
. Te7 Mlexico 167. E. Emery 12): Jlviis in- .ect attacked the Chili
p ejpper c--,, p in _Dona Aia -.oun ty last year, doin, g at least 50
per c6nt dam,, ge to the f--mits. TIaere ai-e n--ti edIble this
year.,, lor so,*,e un k.:-,owTi reascr,
SOUThERN FIELUD- CiOP INSECTS
BC,'IJL ~ 'I'TTVT
Louisiana T. H. Jones (The Tirres-L:icayuro,$ Saturcia.y,, JAuclAst 25): Elfforts
of A. Abihire, a farnmer in Vermili-on P'ari~sh, suhatof Est'herzwocd
to check the rav:age7s of inse,:ct pets in his cotton fieldJs thl: 7week
resulted in-the dpath of one of his horses and thie serious illnoss
of Mr. Abshire from iiiialing the Paris green and liime mixture viich
the f armersW--r1 ocattetring airong the cotton plants T.r. Abohire
drovo along mErowxs of cotton scattering hosnds n
accidentally inaeda quantity of p~oison. Se-verol other fam~nrs
are reported to ha-P become ill through inhaling th poison mixture
that they scittcred to kill incectL Pests,
COTTON LE Y731iM (,lablama arn~co bn.)
Mdssachu,-setts A. I. Bourne (September 28): On the 24th of Septembu-er a flight of
these noths was reported from the. town of l'ebster. A--)parentiy they were present tnere in sx\"rns, w-hi.-h i's cha -,c'Lerifi-c of the SpeciLes.
Under date of September 125 1 received specime7-ns of tIhe.e months fr-CID
North Adazs, wijt h e recor-d that "clouds of their settled on the streets a week or tw,,o ago," wihichl iould i-ndicate th-e period, frcm the 10th to the 14zth. Personally I collected sev~cral s-nec-rens
of these and s aw mny~ others in. Pittsielp1d on. Se.Dtenber 221. Theref ore we have f ron- s evorc. 6 1 'L e -ent points i-n th'-e Sta'w ee records of a northbAard flight of thEse, moths on a~rnr.eythe above dates.
Connecti cut Wf. E. Britton (Octooor 4): Uoeaenumbers of moths were observed
on store windows on SentmLe 12 an l3 ney are more abundant
than in an average year.
New York C. R. Crosby (3eptc:-11er 17): Hoths were found at Ithaca on the
passage way between SLon--e and Roberts Halls about 11 p.r.
Virginia W. J. Scl-oene (,Septemnhe: 28): All cotton in sone fields was nearly
completely defoliated. 'ont rost oFte field,; noed were only -eartiall.
defoliated. A 7e ry few cate-1rpilr h?.-% miat u red and p upat ed .
This is the third season in succession this pest has occurred in
this State in large numbers.
Illinois F. C. Bishcpp (Octcber 1): :Joths of this species were observed in
considerable numbers on windows and abo,it f ru3.t stands
VU. P. Flint: Lduits of this insect are still being sent in from
s outhe rn and ce nt ral I I Iin -)is. It has persisted in the State f or
a long-er period than usual this year.
Michigan R. h. Pettit (September 21): I took my information from one of
the inspectors employed by the State to superrise the standardized
packing of fruit u der t-e rnew Braman law. I acked him particularly when it first came and he gave me the date as the firsL of September.
He also showed me a peach which had been attacked and described the work, which appears to be absolutely typical, We received from the
Gladwin Constrct on Company a nuoer of samples that are undoubtedly this insecT,, Our experience up here in the past has been that they
disappear after a heavy frost.
Iowa C. N. Ainslie (September 30): An unusual flight of adults was observed in certain parts of the territory in and about Sioux City.
The moths invade porches and attract attention by reason of their
Arkansas John B. Gill (October 2): The cotten leafworm was in epidemic form
and in some sections of southern Georgia by the middle of August, and
Georgia owing to the lateness of the cotton crop some serious damage was
done by the caterpillars. The worst infestation coming under my
observation was in iMitchell County, Ga. Ve have received a report
from Hope, Ark., stating that the cotton leaworm was very destructive in that section. In a pecan orchard which had been planted in cotton
so many of tnese caterpillars pupated in leaves on the lower limbs
as to cause the limos to bend to the ground.
Missouri 0. C. McEride (October 6): The third brood of the cotton armyworm
reached its height about September 28 in .outheastern Missouri,
stripping the entire foliage f rom the cotton plant and feeding on
the immature bolls. However, they were so late that the lower production bolls were mature and the i mage to the cotton crop was comparatively small. The migrating adults have oeen reported in large
numbers for Jasper and DeKalo Counties.
Kansas J. V1. HcColloch (Octobor 10): The moths were reported especially
numerous in beds of ever-oearing strawberries. In some cases onehalf of the crop was ruined.
Texas Geo. A. Maloney (October 2): This insect is reported from 98
counties in this State.
I. C. Tanquary (October 17): The cotton leafviorm has stripped practically 100 per cent of the cotton in this portion of the State. In
riding on the train from San Antonio to College Station on October 10, every field of cotton noticed from the car windows was almost entirely
defoliated. Unless the foliage comes out again on these plants the
work of the leaf'voim should cut do-n enormously the number of boll
weevils going into hioernation.
T. C. Baroer (October 21): Late cotton fields, which have been held
in the expectation of a top crop, have recently been very heavily attacked by a late brood of the cotton worm, and are rapidly being
completely defoliated. Considerable numbers of adult moths have
.lso been flying to lights during the past few days.
DL II Oiipp ( o0,ct:, 2?3 ; r clcan- y all f ields i-n no rthern
Texas fr a 1'allao to D sor ze re s *'- ipc ed o~ Ifou1iage. Practically
nio pois oring was docne for tne i.nsc ct, )ow-,ing to the fact that the crop had made about all that i, ,7ould cwr~to dr weather and the work of the boll wiieevil in the 01'r s~ Oe er-iat i os nnad f r cr
the train Detwcen Fort 1rorth and Cl,-,,,r,,,4on.,exr ., irdicatpd ths-t the
leafworm xas nct present, at Least to ar-vy jreaL extent, excernt in
the vicinity of F11. Yorth,
COTTOCN LEI7 PER7'ORATOR (Ducculatrix thurb- erikejla Pus ok)
Calif ornia 0. A. Pratt (Sentcmoer 19): Tne i.,sect pucuj-Lltix ~~ej
which has cc-used cons ideraole daLage to t, e 2c'liage of cotton in
the imperial Valley this season, has probably been present as a
minor pest since the beginning of the cc-L'Ion industry in this valley.
Since 1217 the insec-t '-as oeen found present in every cotton field inspected. in the val ley Inmperiai, in Cal ifornia and Feyico, but where a serious damage was ncted, other troubles were also present, such as
weeds and grub infestation and poor ir-;I~gtion. In 1923 a serious
outbreak of the iiusect occurred. "he faijreis were very rruch alarmed, as the cotton plants locked as if t11hey were dyingr and the infestation was pretty genera' thogout te -,-ale.1 tho~ many acrccs showed
no appreciable damage. The fanrers w, ere advise ,-d to ...ater heavily
so as to keep the plants in an a-tv r~n;condition. It is
impossible to estate the amount of diwra'je cone th -is season- but it was greatest and amounted to an aiim-Postu to-)" lozs of the crop :,here
the farmers failed to apply aae t thle criicJal periodTOBACCO i0N2TkT ?rtcaree se- -.a JoL.)
Missouri K.*C.- Sulliva-n (Octooer 18): This species is very plentiful in the
counties along the MiUssouri River.
FOREST AND SH ADE-TRFE IN SECTIS
PETR7:OIDCAL CICADP (Tibicina seite-ndeciL)
Massachusetts Don D. Lacroix (Septeriber 20): I-n driving throu-h -the infested
territories sou-ch and east of th-e Cane '&d Canal, or Tully 1
f ound that -by f ar the greatest crrI' One 'by this brood oC T.
se-)endecim L. occ-urs i'n the eastern p,:rt o-17 thLe tow-,n of Faliouth, around the village of I.-uit :e ir ac-t has dencsited its
eggs in practically ejery s-jitaole plar.t, nluigferns, false
indigo, a.nd g oldenrod. Almost every oak from. 1 t1-o 20 feet hiah has dead and dyig tw 'igs in abundance. -n several cases I sawl oaks 12
feet high and 3 or 4 inches throuohI at the bas e with f oliage entirely brown, and much of the yo-ur.,-est gruwtIIh already dro n. Ante point of interest "tich I noted was the fidn insv 4lntne
of Clalosoma beetles -\~gp.Lunjta sp., preving on adult cicadas.
New York M, D. Leonard (October 15): Ye are digging up very unusual numbers
of cicadas at Blauvelt. About 15 or 20 were taken from a single
square foot of space,
VHITE-17ARKED TUSSOCK M1OTIH (iiemeroca2a ieucostigma S. & A.)
,ew. York R E, Horshy (September,1923): The egg masses of this pest are
reported well scattered around the city of Rochester, and while
there was little damage this year and the egg masses are nowhere
aoundant we are apprehensive for next year.
Ohio E. W. Mendenhall (October 12): I find a good many tussock moths
in the shade trees on the streets and parks in Sidney. I find them particularly on tiie elms. We find now the cocoons on the
trunks of the trees.
Illinois C. C. Compton (October 5): Egg masses of the white-marked tussock
moth are more numerous than usual at Evanston, Ill.
FALL _pEEWOI1' (Hggantria cunea Drury)
New York B. W. Philbrick (September 14): This pest has only appeared for
the past few days and attacks elm, while some were found on elder,
R. E. Horsey: On a trip to Cayuga Lake a number of webs were noted
along the roads, but no serious damage,
FOREST TENT CATERPILLPR (,alacosoea disstria Hbn.)
Connecticut C. D. Clark (October 9): Peported from Fairfield on this date.
Egg clusters are very abundant compared with an average year.
B I.GWOFIM (Th1yifopteZrx ehe~merae ormis Haw.)
New York M. D. Leonard: Upper Hanhattan is especially badly infested, but
many trees in this whole section are reported as having considerable
numbers of bagworms. (October): "Bags" very abundant and many
trees in the city streets of these towns (New Brighton and St. George (taten Island) are having apparently considerable defoliation earlier
in the season.
Nebraska ,. H. Swenk (September 15-30): Some complaints of the bagworm in
Richardson County were received during the latter half of the month
OYSTER-SLELL SCALE (LeLic oheo ulmi L.)
Ohio E. W. Mandenhall (September 29): The oyster-shell scale is common
on Carolina poplars in the western part of the Statoe.
PALE TUSSOCK : TH (Halisidcta tessella-is hbn.)
New York R. E. Horsey (September,1923); This is still being reported, and
live insects were found and trees sprayed at Central Park, a street
with a strip of grass and plane trees in the center; several trees
here were almost denuded of foliage. The arsenate of lead spraying is very effective for this; the fcv trees sprayed last year were the
least infested. The peculiar pYase about this insect with us is
that we have found it only on plane trees. In Highland Park, where
basswoods, crab apples, maples, and elms are nearby and touching
the plane trees, they are found almost entirely on the plane trees,
which are badly eaten. It seems strange that this is reported as a general feeder. The weather this summer is exceptionally cool
and as a rule insect pests are much less noticeable than usual.
TWIG GIRDLER (Oncideres cinaulata Say)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (Octooer 1-20): Some injury to elm twigs by the t:ig
girdler in Richardson County was reported.
Missouri K~. C, Sullivan (October 19): This species is very bad this year
at Kansas City. Ground under trees is covered with twigs.
ARBORVITAE LEPF-MINER (Ar~vresthia thuiella Pack.)
Maine H. B. Pierson (July 25): This insect is prevalent along the Faine
Coast as far north as Et. Desert Island.
BIRCH LEAF SKELETONIZER (Bucculatrix car.adensisella Chamb.)
Maine H. B. Pierson (June 25): This species has been reported frcm Mt.
Desert Island attacking white birch.
New York M. D. Leonard (September 25): This species is reported by W. J.
and Cowee of Berlin, New York, as exceedingly abundant, and leaves as
Vermont badly affected; also in Dorset, Vt., in Little Hoosick Valley.
R. E. Horsey (September). This pest is very prevalent on red birches at Rochester, and I suppose on many others; st .is "full-Y
as abundant as last year. WVe have never sprayed for this.
Aphis betulaecolens Fitch
Connecticut W. E.*Britton (Otober 24): Swarrs of these aohids occurred in
the streets of New Haven from Septemoer 18 to 25, and were the
cause of many inquiries and newspaper comments. They were also
present in some other Connecticut cities4
BRONZE BIRCH BORER (_rilus anxius Gory)
New York R. E. Horsey (September): We continue to remove birches injured
and killed by this insect.
BOXELDER PLANT-BUG (Leot.o.ois trivittatus Say) Minnesota A. G. Ruggles (September 29): A number of reports have been sent
in concerning the boxelder plant-bug, These forms were not noticed.
during the seascn, but toward fall they began trying to get into
the houses and it was only then that we heard from them.
CPPHOR THRIP:PS (Crv)tothrips floridensis 17atson) Georgia John B. Gill (Octobler 2): The camphor thrips is attacking large
and small camphcr trees within the city limits of Thomasville, Ga.
On some trees the infestation is so severe that the insects are killing the bark on large limbs and are causing considerable defoliation.
CATALPA MIDGE (Cecidomyia catalpae Comst.) Ohio E. W. Mendenhall (October 16): The injury was pronounced on catalpa
stock in the nurseries in Miami County this last summer, dead tips
being due to midge larvae working in buds and tender wood. One
nursery I have in mind in the county had 75 to 80 per cent of the
CATALPA SPHINX (Ceratomia catalae Boisd.) Illinois W. P. Flint: Catalpa sphinx was very abundant throughout southern
and central Illinois. completely defoliating many small plantations
and individual trees in towns and cities.
ELM LA '-BEETLE '(Galerucella luterla Muell.) Maine H. B. Pierson (July 10): The elm leaf-beetle is each year apparently spreading farther north, and this year was very abundant in August New York R. E. Horsey (September): No new infestation was reported this
month at Rochester.
WALNUT DATANA (Datan a irnteerrima G. & R.) ) Connecticut W. J. Zack (September): At Chester serious infestations have been
noticed on trees growing alone, and in woodlands mainly on the side
LAR~CH CiPSE--BEPRER (1 .Onhora laricel'a. Ebn.) Vaine E-. B, Pierson (August ?0): Thkis insect which a-sur--ed serious propoortions last year has for scire reason not bec-n abundant this year,
atoug!h it'U has been reported as wcrkin' 7 to soire 6d7ree in localities scattered throughout practically all of' northern and eastern
L111Rh"F S.NrT171hy (L(Matus erichso. _I E-artig) Y.,a ine H. B. Pierson (kugust 15): The larch sx&,fly is becomirg abundant
wherever larch is again becoming prevalent. The worst localities
appear to oe i-n -northen A- costock and VWashington Counti os
(September 3): It is reported from Pliscataquis, Peno'.-scot, and
Wfashington Counties as more aoundait than in an average year.
ITALE CI-ATOPH0RUS (?erirhyllus i-rjit Kies.) New York M. D Leonard (August 21): Scattering infestation is reported on
a number o1 the cit-y trees.
O'BSCLRE1 SCALE (ChrysomTphalus obscu-.us. Costt) Chio E. VI. M. d nhall1 (Cc-tober 23): This species is reported from
Sidney, attacking English oak.
Heteroomla r-anteo Dou~l,
North Dakota R. L. Webster (Oc-tober 17): Considerable damage, has bewen done to
the tops of oak trees along Mouse River in Septemter.
TO-LINED CHESTNUT BOP.FR (Agrilus bilineatus I'ecer) Yinnesota A. G,. Ruggles (Septeraber_ 2C ): The t. o-lined chestnut borer seer.
to have done more dame-ore than usual, a gre-at many caks having been
killed this past season,.
WHITE ?IXE A PHID (Lachnus stlrobi Fitch) Main-l H-. B. ?ierson (September 28): Considerable damage was don?-, to
individual trees in a large stand of mature whito pine at Mdlr Town,
PINE BARK-LOUSE (Chenmes inicorticis Fitch)
New York R. E. Horsey (September): A considerable infestation on white
pines at Highland Park is to be found at present.
Delaware C. 0. Houghton (October 10): This species is fairly common on
pine in nothern Delaware. We have received no specimens from
the southern part of the State.
PINE-LEAF SCALE (Chionasis pinifoliae Fitch) Nebraska M. H. Swenk (October 1-20): Complaints of injury by the pineleaf scale continued to reach us during the period covered by this
PALES WEEVIL (Hylobius pales Herbst) Maine H. B. Pierson (October 2): This insect is very prevalent throughout southern Maine wherever logging of white pine is going on.
Alfred seems to be quite a center.
WHITE PINE WEEVIL (Pissodes strobi Peck) Maine H. B. Pierson: The work of this insect has been found throughout
northern Maine, even in isolated clumps or isolated individual pine
in the spruce region,
?INE TUBE-MOTH (Euliapinatubana Kearf.) Maine H. B. Fierson (August 20) This insect was reported from Indian
Purchase in the vicinity of Millinocket.
EUROPEAN PINE-SHOOT MOTH (Evetria buoliana Schiff.) New York M. D. Leonard (August 26): A number of four-year-old trees were
badly infested. Buds contained young caterpillars.
MOUND-BUILDING ANTS (Formica exsectoides Forel) Maine H. B. Pierson: These ants have been very active in the vicinity
of Augusta and Waterville and have done considerable damage to white
pine. Experiments have been tried with an arsenical gas to exterminate them but were unsuccessful. On the other hand carbon
bisulphid proved very efficient.
EUROPEAN PINE SAVFLY (Digrion simile Hartig) Connecticut H. J. Zack (September-October): We have found infestations on
trees in our nurseries and in ornamental plantings. This pest
is controlled by arsenical spray and #and picking.
New York M. D. Leonard (August 25): Mrs. 0. J. Spahn reports that a smrrall
tree about 4 feet high at Pleasantville contained hundreds of the
larvae and the needles were stripped off, also that many larger
pines were heavily infested. (August 20): A spray of pine
twigs was received bearing numerous full-grown larvae and several
R. E. horsey (Septemoer): A few larvae were found on white pine,
September 6, at Highland Park. Except for a oad outbreak in August,1916, which was promptly controlled by arsenate of lead
spraying, we have had no trouble with this, a few only being found
each year since.
Bureau of Entomology Monthly Letter, No. 113: Dr. H. E. Burke reports considerable da-mage to the native forest of Monterey pine at Pacific Grove, Calif., by a defoliating sawfly. S. A. Rohwer has determined the sawfly as Itvcorsia brunnicans Nort., stating that
the species has not oeen reared and that practically nothing is
known of its haoits. Further study by Doctor Burke has yielded the eg-s of the species, the habits of the young larvae, and the fact that nicotine duet promises to be more effective in control
than lead arsenate.
FIR SAVFLY (_2hl abietis Harr.)
Maine H. B. Pierson (July 15): This insect defoliated a considerable
amount of fir in '7rhitneyville and was prevalent on the islands off
the Maine Coast.
FLAT-HEIDED IHMLOCK BORER (Melanophila fulvoeuttata Harr.)
New York E. D. Leonard (August 25): Bark was reported infested with Fruh
at Upper Saranac, Franklin County, with a statement that many fine
old hemlocks were found infested upon being felled.
TENT CATERPILLPR (Malacosoma anericana Fab.)
Maine H. B. Pierson (July): The tent caterpillar assured alarming proportions in several sections of the State, and it is safe to state that probably at least 60,000 acres of poplar and white birch were
stripped. As several areas were striped this year, there is a
danger of large areas being killed, owing to repeated defoliations.
The worst areas are in the vicinity of Staclville, Eagle Lake,
Fort Kent, :.t. Chase, Masardis, and Moro Plantation. (October 3): One area in which the eggs and pupae were heavily parasitized last year proved to oe even more heavily infested this year. Somerset,
Piscataquis, Penobscot, and Aroostook Counties are reported infested
by this insect. It is found in greater abundance than in an
North Dakota C. N. Ainslie (October 8): Large areas of poplar groves in the
Tuctle Mts., Bottineau cunty, have been entirely defoliated by
this insect Vast nrmb-rs of eggs have been upposited on the
upper branches of the infested trees The strIpped teaes leaved
out again, but were much injured by the attack
COTTON nOOD LAFEBEEE. (Melas oma s cita Fab.)
North rakota C. N, Ainslie (October 1): A grove of young cottonwoods on the
Experiment Station at Dickinson was attacked by this pest during
the present surner and severely injured by the larvae, which were present in large numbers. As late as September 1 the injury was
still in progress.
SPRUCE GALL APHID (Chermes abietis L.)
Naine H. B. Pierson (September 25): This insect is reported from Old
Town, where i- is attacking spruce.
SPRUCE BNDO.R, (Cacoecia fumiferana Clem.)
Maine H. B. Fierson (July 25): The budworm is still active in several
parts of the State, the outbreak investigated being in northern
Aroostook County and the Rangeley Lake District.
isconsin S .B. Fracker (October 11): A survey by Dr. Hubert of the Forest
Products Laboratory shows some budworm work, but it is much less
serious in Wisconsin than in Minnesota, which he also visited.
AN APHID (Melanoxantherium sp.)
Connecticut W. E. B:ritton (Cotober 24): This species is very abundant on
certain willows and crawling over buildirgs close by. Honeydew is abundant and the place is swarming with honeybees, hornets and
flies, at New Haven, Danielson, and Branford.
INSECTS ATTACKING GRE NH 0 USE
AND CRNAMENTAL PLANTS
BUMBLE FLOWER BEETLE (4uo ,r'ia ii6a L,)
New York C. R. Crosby (September 19): This i.sect is reported from Yonke.
as causing some damage to aster fields.
LGCU T OCRER t
View York C. R. Crosby ,September 19): The locust borer 4-3 reported frOm
Yonl-evz as raising some damage -to aster fielclksCIL I Z Iz SA:_TI(,I', 17 I Uli
J T r.-114d if:! Banhs)
York 0. R. Crosby (,)ePte.nher 16): Badi irfes-ted pla.I'LS VrCre I'OC04_" 'ee
Bullys Head Staten Island. ck; Ry 14 C- I r
I! li-noiz C. (Octooer 5): The chr suntherr.,. = .1-caf-tyo-r is slii7htlY
th 2 CiicaZ;o district than it- u-311allY -!Is t "!!is t*-,i Y ar.
14W Ycrk R E 11 'D 1- S e v E,, P m -_1 e. r Co-sidera-le I-as b-cn dore 4n
ou- _1_11.ac ; 07_1 ;,, Uion a:E th.is year. force CaHO'On cl_-* Sulphid stlcppini ;v ith grjfftirc wax. Olso hav l 9.11 on their own root3, as tl(l (- n ne,.v sp -ru-L-.s v!rill SPI-in ; Up t") place of any de3-1'royod by borero .
I one 1)
N Pw Y o k D. 12); Specinnens rc-.oi-vc-AI from Roy Latham,
nd w th stat ement that rany p lants have been
1 b y t h,- a t.1 a (A c t h i
L s aphid
G 0 TU T A
TUL__ P SCALE (Tounfzella Iirio c-ndri Gmel.) New Yc-.-k V. D. Leo nard (September 14): A tree was reported a "'ly infested
1by this insect at Pawling, N. Y.
ROISE qP7FLY (Ce liroa. aet)-hic- Fat Neoraska U H Sw e nk ( 0 ct o 0 P r 1- 20 Late injury by thc- rcse slug wann
reportedd I rcm Ceiar County.
GR__FEjT T UNE BEETLE (Cctinis nitida L.) D. C. and F. H. Chittenden (October 1): The larvae of -the -reen June beetle
IiIaryland and the green June beetle itself are as abuncl&iit, t',is year in the
District of Columbia as 'Last, in spite of the. activities ( f bird,,
in destroying it. Today I received specimens f rcm hothesda 71rd
togetfler wi-. h a nrport thaL. t:,( e de ~s is -,ery in:jurious tc lA,,ns
'i areas he re and there, as is 11' 71uiiv reported.
I I EC T :" A FF F CT"ITG V AF
A ND D01!E S T IC A 71I, ,L S
FLEAS (S-iph onapt era)
Texao C, Bishopp (October '23): IDuri-ng thle last fe weeks there has
b e on a mat -al I rcre as e ini the nr' orx of' c 0o 1 -1.its of' h ous e and
V22_-I, 0.t -2n Clue to cCrO ah4U c' a d C7. fclisz Douche
Calif or n -a T. 17. Urbahns (October 13): ThiLs season has been one with unusually
aba deidn inf cs~ations o2f :3'eas (Cte no ce, hajujcCn. Ioch On cuts
~nddog a vu.1 as in houses. and busi-ess hous-~s -hoe thoy causei
ir;Lich annyMo -Lce to hu-rans, T'he mo,'ei-ate sumrrer weather iray have been
an fn'uc~ fact or in their ine;rease.
YEJ0'7 TVLP1 -UOSQTUP IO (.P(-des aepjrnti. L.)
GE EB11AL F C B i op p (Oc-,tob er 25) YeIlllow fev'er rosquitoos have not been
a e n s usual in L JAe: vicinity of Dallas thais fall. Dengue
;,3'3rhas fnt Fairedt: any rcmontun in the South this year. Ac cordi,,g to tL_ ih utcIealth D1ors the disease did no'~ occur in
Lrde. or Gec.,,ua and very- fc-w castes were reported in Alabna,
Isss),p- ,an~l",r h:anseas 'Reports covering the five weeks' period ending Octee7 5 showv Texas -io have had 97 case,, and Louisiana 142.
2: vry:F17i TIC (Der-arcentor varustas Banks)
CBI7YL 2B isho-~p (October 25): The few reports received from Colorado
and Pye.rig indicate that thLe spotted-fever tick was less num-erous
in theat ro,.ion thi's sunner than usual. IV. B. She-ppard writes that this tick cca.sc-d troubling~ by July 10, whereas last year it was in
evidence e untilA. 9( ptcnber 17.
2AUSS CATFPThIL1JAP,', (ILeali-~e q ~r c,,,Ia r is S 8: A.)
Texas F C~ Bishor (Oto 1923): Not a single report of the stinging
of' man 01, this spe ciLs haz come to our atter-ticn this year. Cat crpillars are extremely rare.
1.PGFNTIN PANT (Trid cnvr,x h-uMilis Irayr)
Texas F. C. Bishopp (Oc-tL-ooer 25): A survey of the districts in Dallas
Inf,,,sted wit_-h this ant; as made by G. E. R~iley and T. J. 7Tilson,
showed that thure has bceen an increase in the area of about 5S
bock:s makin- the total area now infested about 175 blocks.
C f T1LE
STABLE FLY (Stomoxys calcitrans L.)
GENERAL F. C. Bishopp (October 11): Cursory observations in central Ohio,
Indiana, and Illinois indicate that this fly is sufficiently numerous
to cause dairy cattle considerable annoyance.
New York F. C. Bishopp (October 6): The activity of this insect is practically nil on account of cool weather.
Nebraska Breeders' Gazette, by A. E. de Ricqles, October 18: "In Nebraska
rain has been so constant as to spoil much hay, and create a pest
of flies that reduced at least 100 pounds in flesh from the average
vwejght of all the cattle that were being fattened on grass. For
months one could see the cattle in 'wads' in the corners of pastures,
fighting flies all day long. It was a serious thing indeed."
HORN FLY (Haematobia irritans L.)
New York F. C. Bishopp (October 6): Horn flies are comparatively scarce on
dairy cattle in the vicinity of Syracuse. They are said to have
declined rapidly in number in the last two weeks.
Texas F. C. Bishopp and H. M. Brundrett (October 23): Horn flies have
b-e- reduced by cool weather to an average of about 75 per animal
iu this locality (Dallas). About the first of the month they were very annoying to dairy stock, and some report reduction of
m- 1k flow.
HORSE~ Bo-LY (astrophilus intestinalis DeG.)
Illinois F. C. Bishopp and C. C. Compton (October 1): A few adults of this
species are ovipositing on horses in the locality of Elgin. 'Thile
all animals are infested, the number of eggs present is comparatively
NOSE FLY (GastroDhilus haemorrhoidalis L.)
Illinois F. C. Bishopp and C. C. Compton (October 1): Inquiry among farmers
in this district developed the fact that this insect has been present
and annoying to horses for at least 10 years. It is evident, however, that there are not as troublesome in the section about Elgin
as in the Dakotas and elsewhere. The amount of annoyance this
summer was about normal.
CHIN BOT-FLY (Gastrophilus nasalis L.)
New York F. C. Bishopp (October 1-8): Adults of this species have apparently
and ceased activities, and the infestation of horses as judged by the
Illinois number of eggs present is comparatively light.
')X TTA~3LE ~eatm De.)3 1262 09244 5518
Texas I-LT. Fv Pru.,-iedrtt ,. E ,V, Laask, a-.id F'. S"" Chpp (Oct obe r 23)
LhiOUgh fl- st appc'ajcd L n th- baoks of :alt'tle much earlier t-an lbis a1l (the -First pcar-irg in th-e v.icint of' Dallas about September 12, it-has n~ot incieajoc2. in numbers very rapidly up
t o t his tLIme.
CHICXKN FITE (Drn1usg -lnae Redi)
Ttexao F. C. Bisho% ) (October 23): The usual, increase in the number of
Ch~Ck~i rn t urirg the fall is bcing experienced. Sm xrml
ha&.Vy in't>3'tatioys have been included.
I NS EC TS A TTA C KI NG S TO0R ED P ROD U CT S
Mis souri 0. C. Ic',ride (October 6); Several reports are ccining in fromr the
grain grovc.;: of Mi ssouri regarding the stored grain pests, Most reports~~~~ arlrmTesuhatr issouri Counties, besides a few
othor reports distributed throughout. Missouri, Specimens of the
fol1ow~.ng have been received by this department: Sitotro cerealella
rSliv. T iebehroides roauritanicus L., Silvarus surina-mensis L.,
E~tiakue jrie]1a Zell.
K. C. Sullivan 'October 19): Veevils are doing a tremendous amount
of etnege to whc'at in granaries. Bean and pea weevils are also
doing serious damage this fail
X e 0rd;ska IA. h. Swer.k (September 15-30): A moderate number of complaints of
stored grain pests continued to be received.
GRANARY VWEEVIL (Calandra granaria L.)
New York C, R. Crosby (September 7): Infested wheat was received fr=m Lockport, N. Y.
(7A1DELLE (Tonebroides mauritanicus L.)
Nebraska 11. H. 'Swernk (October 1-20): The number of complaints of stored grai
pest cont4 ntues- to be, moderate, or normal. 1L1any of' them are cf the
,iwelle in 1b22 wheat.
CRICKETrS (Gryllus spp.)
Kansas J. R. Horton (Dztober 3): These so-called black crickets have been
reported as b mgn present in unusual numbers in rany residences about~
Vli--hita -- mo';t numeroLus in c-ellars. This is the first report on
this insect as a household pest in Live years*
GRAIN MTITES (Tyroglyrhus sp.)
.Y~c "aska IT. H. we: (October 1-20): During7 the first week in Octo~ber avr
severe inf -:taticn of stored wheat by a grain mite, Troglyhus s.
('am-, to nic Cass County.