Citation
Miscellaneous papers

Material Information

Title:
Miscellaneous papers
Series Title:
Technical series / United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Bureau of Entomology ;
Added title page title:
Orange thrips
Added title page title:
New genus of Aleyrodidae, with remarks on Aleyrodes Nubifera Berger and Aleyrodes Citri Riley and Howard
Creator:
Sanders, J. G
Hine, James S ( James Stewart ), 1866-1930
Moulton, Dudley
Howard, L. O ( Leland Ossian ), 1857-1950
Quaintance, A. L ( Altus Lacy ), 1870-1958
Townsend, C. H. T
Davis, John J ( John June ), 1885-1965
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publisher:
U.S. G.P.O.
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
x, 200 p., viii leaves of plates : ill. ; 22 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Coccidae ( lcsh )
Horseflies ( lcsh )
Thrips -- California ( lcsh )
Aphelinidae ( lcsh )
Aleyrodidae ( lcsh )
Tachinidae ( lcsh )
Citrus thrips ( lcsh )
Aphids -- Speciation ( lcsh )
Insect pests ( lcsh )
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references and index.
General Note:
Papers published separately, 1906-1909 with continuous paging.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
029624052 ( ALEPH )
28237603 ( OCLC )
agr15001506 ( LCCN )
Classification:
632 ( ddc )

Full Text
aaDKAR T
STATE PLANT BOARW

TECHNICAL SERIES, No. 12.

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
BIUREAUT OF ENTOMOLOG-Y.
L. O. HOWARD, Entomologist and Chief of Bureau.




MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.








CONTENTS AND INDEX.











ISSUED DECEMBER 31, 1912.







iT M

CCO














WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.
3 1912.









TECHNICAL SERIES, No. 12.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
3URA'UJ OIF ENTTOMOLOG-Y.
L. 0. HOWARD, Entomologist and Chief of Bureau.



MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.


I. CATALOGUE OF RECENTLY DESCRIBED COCCID2E.
By J. G. SANDERS, M. A., Assistant. II. HABITS AND LIFE HISTORIES OF SOME FLIES OF THE FAMILY TABANID.E.
By JAMES S. HINE, of the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
III. A CONTRIBUTION TO OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE THYSANOPTERA OF CALIFORNIA.
By DUDLEY MOULTON, Engaged in Deciduous-Fruit Insect Investigations.
IV. NEW GENERA AND SPECIES OF APHELININ.1, WITH A REVISED TABLE OF GENERA.
By L. 0. HOWARD, PH. D.
V. THE MORE IMPORTANT ALEYRODID.E INFESTING ECONOMIC PLANTS, WITH
DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES INFESTING THE ORANGE.
By A. L. QUAINTANCE, In Charge of Deciduous-Fruit Insect Investigations.
VI. A RECORD OF RESULTS FROM REARINGS AND DISSECTIONS OF TACHINID2E.
By CHARLES H. T. TOWNSEND, Expert in Charge of Dipterous Parasites, Gipsy-Moth Laboratory.
VII. THE ORANGE THRIPS.
By DUDLEY MOULTON, Engaged in Deciduous-Fruit Insect Investigations.
VIII. BIOLOGICAL STUDIES ON THREE SPECIES OF APHIDID2E.
By JOHN JUNE DAVIS, of the University of Illinois, Champaign, Ill.
IX. A NEW GENUS OF ALEYRODIDAE, WITH REMARKS ON ALEYRODES
NUBIFERA BERGER AND ALEYRODES CITRI RILEY AND HOWARD.
By A. L. QUAINTANCE, In Charge of Deciduous-Fruit Insect Investigations.











====COME



WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.
1912.



























B UREA U OF ENTO MOLOG Y.

L. O. HOWARD, Entomologist and Chief of Bureau.
C. L. MARLATT, Entomologist and Acting Chief in Absence of Chief.
R. S. CLIFTON, Executive Assistant.
W. F. TASTET, Chief Clerk.

F. 11. CHITTENDEN, in charge of truck crop and stored product insect investigations. A. D. HOPKINS, in charge offorest insect investigations. W. D. HUNTER, in charge of southernfield crop insect investigations. F. M. WEBSTER, in charge of cereal and forage insect investigations. A. L. QUAINTANCE, in charge of deciduous fruit insect investigations. E. F. PHILLIPS, in charge of bee culture. D. M. ROGERS, in charge of preventing spread of moths, field work. ROLLA P. CURRIE, in charge of editorial work. MABEL COLCORD, in charge of library.
II















LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY,
Washington, D. C., October 5, 1912.
Si: I have the honor to transmit herewith for publication as Technical Series No. 12, of this bureau, nine papers dealing with the classification, description, or habits and life history of various insects belonging to groups of economic importance.
These papers, prepared by different employees of the bureau and published separately during the years 1906-1908, are as follows: Catalogue of Recently Described Coccido, by J. G. Sanders; Habits and Life Histories of some Flies of the Family Tabanido, by James S. Hine; A Contribution to our Knowledge of the Thysanoptera of California, by Dudley Moulton; New Genera and Species of Aphelininv, with a Revised Table of Genera, by L. 0. Howard; The More Important Aleyrodidp Infesting Economic Plants, with Description of a New Species Infesting the Orange, by A. L. Quaintance; A Record of Results from Rearings and Dissections of Tachinido, by Charles H. T. Townsend; The Orange Thrips, by Dudley Moulton; Biological Studies on Three Species of Aphididoe, by John June Davis; A New Genus of Aleyrodido, with Remarks on Aleyrodes nubifera Berger and Aleyrodes citri Riley and Howard, by A. L. Quaintance.
Respectfully,
L. 0. HOWARD,
Entormologist and Chief of Bureau.
Hon. JAMES WILSON,
Secretary of Agriculture.
III






















Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2013
















http://archive.org/details/miscellaneouspapOOunit









CONTENTS.1

Page.
Catalogue of recently described Coccide ................J. G. Sanders.. 1
Subfamily Monophlebina -------------------------------------------- 2
Subfamily Margarodin ----------------------------------------------- 2
Subfamily Ortheziina ------------------------------------------------ 2
Subfamily Conchaspinae ---------------------------------------------- 3
Subfamily Dactylopiine ---------------------------------------------- 3
Subfamily Tachardiina ------------------------------------------------ 6
Subfamily Coccine -------------------------------------------------- 6
Subfamily Diaspinae ------------------------------------------------- 10
Habits and life histories of some flies of the family Tabanidae - Janes S. Hine.. 19
The black-striped horsefly (Tabanus lasiophthalm us Macquart) ----------- 19
The autumn horsefly (Tabanus sulcifrons Macquart) ----------------------- 9
The black-and-white horsefly (Tabanus stygius Say) --------------------- 28
The river horsefly (Tabanus rivax Osten Sacken) ------------------------- 32
The black horsefly (Tabanus atratus Fabricius) -------------------------- 34
The marsh ear fly (Chrysops moerens Walker) ---------------------------- 36
A contribution to our knowledge of the Thysanoptera of California, Dudlcy
Moulton ---------------------------------------------------------------- 39
Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 39
Classification of California Thysanoptera ------------------------------- 42
Key to the suborders and families ---------------------------------- 42
Key to the genera ------------------------------------------------- 42
Key to the species ----------------------------------------------- 43
Family Eolothripid ----------------------------------------------- 45
Family ThripidT ------------------------------------------------- 49
Family Phlceothripido ------------------------------------------- 60
List of California Thysanoptera and their food plants ..................... 67
New genera and species of Aphelinina, with a revised table of genera, L. O. H oward ................................................................ 69
Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 69
Subfamily Aphelinin,. Table of tribes ------------------------------- 71
Tribe I. Aphelinini. Table of genera ------------------------------ 71
Tribe II. Pteroptricini. Table of genera 72
Genus Marlattiella --------------------------------------------------- 73
Genus Mesidia --------------------------------------------------------- 73
Genus Azotus --------------------------------------------------------- 74
Genus Encarsia ------------------------------------------------------ 76
Genus Prospalta ------------------------------------------------------ 79
Genus Coccophagus -------------------------------------------------- 80
Genus Gales --------------------------------------------------------- 82
Genus Gasca ---------------------------------------------------------- 83
Genus Bardylis ------------------------------------------------------- 84
Genus Artas ---------------------------------------------------------- 85
Genus Perissopterus ---------------------------------------------- 86
1 The nine papers constituting this bulletin were issued in separate form on June 5, 1906; Aug. 29, 1906; Apr. 5, 1907; July 12,1907; Oct. 21,1907; Sept. 18, 1908; Feb. 11, 1909; Feb. 20,1909, and Sept. 1, 1909.
V







VI MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
The more important Aleyrodide infesting economic plants, A. L. Quaintance.. 89
Introduction........ .................................................. 89
Economic plants and the more important Aleyrodide infesting them..... 89 A record of results from rearings and dissections of Tachinide, Charles H. T.
Townstend............................................................. 95
Introduction......................................................... 95
Parex.orista chelonia? Rondani........................................... 97
Blepharipa scutellata Robineau-Desvoidy............................... 99
Pales parida Meigen.................................................. 99
Zenillia libatrix Panzer................................................ 100
Probability of an extra maggot stage in leaf-ovipositing species.......... 101
The deposition of living maggots by tachinid flies ...................... 101
Dexodes nigripes Fallen and Compsilura concinnata Meigen............... 102
Eupeleteria magnicornis Zetterstedt.................................... 103
Zygobothria nidicola Townsend......................................... 105
Zygobothria gilva Hartig and Carcelia gnava Meigen ...................... 105
Parasetigena segregata Rondani........................................ 105
Tachina and allies................................................... 106
Tachina clisiocampa Townsend......................................... 106
Japanese representatives of European species .......................... 107
Importance of studying the uterine eggs of Tachinid1e .................. 107
Reproductive capacity of Tachinid ................................... 109
The rearing of Tachinide in confinement............................. 110
An improvement in the method of colonizing Tachinide .................. 111
New alternate hosts for introduced tachinid flies ....................... 112
Improvements in the outdoor rearing cage ............................. 113
Bleaching the pulparia of Tachinid ..... ............................... 115
Results from dissections of native Tachinid ............................. 115
Summary of reproductive habits now known in the Tachinide ............ 117
Conclusion........................................................... 118
The orange thrips (Ethbrips cirri n. sp.) ..................Dudlty Moulton.. 119
Introductory.......................................................... 119
D istribution.......................................................... 119
Extent and nature of injury........................................... 119
Life history notes................................................... 120
Soil conditions as affecting prevalence ............................... 120
Remedies.......................................................... 121
Enem y............................................................... 121
Description........................................................... 121
Biological studies on three species of Aphidide .......... John Jne Davis.. 123
Introduction......................................................... 123
The corn root-aphis (Aphis maidi-radiciv Forbes)......................... 123
The corn leaf-aphis (Aphis maidis Fitch) ................................ 144
The sorghum aphis (Sipha [Chaitophorus] flara Forbes) .................. 157
A new genus of Aleyrodide, with remarks on Aleyrodes nubifera Berger and
Aleyrodes citri Riley and Howard......................A. L. Quaintance.. 169
PIaraleyrodes, new genus............................................. 169
Paraleyrodes (Aleurodicus) perse, Quaintance ........................... 170
Remarks on Aleyrodes nubifera Berger and Aleyrodes citri Riley and
Howard............................................................ 173
Index.................................................................... 175














ILLUSTRATIONS.



PLATES.
Page.
PLATE I. Fig. 1.-Orothrips kelloggii: Head and prothorax of female......... 50
Fig. 2.-Orothrips kelloggii: LeTt antenna of female................ 50
Fig. 3.-Orothrips kelloggii: Right fore wing of female ............. 50
Fig. 4.-Orothrips kelloggii: Fore tarsus of female.................. 50
Fig. 5.-,Eolothrips kuwanaii: Head and prothorax of female....... 50 Fig. 6.-Eolothrips kuwanaii: Right antenna of female............. 50
Fig. 7.- olothrips kuwanaii: Right fore wing of female........... 50
Fig. 8.-Eolothrips kuwanaii: Fore tarsus of female................ 50
Fig. 9.-Sericothrips reticulatus: Head, prothorax, and mesothorax
of fem ale............................................. 50
Fig. 10.-Sericothrips reticulatus: End of abdomen of female......... 50
II. Fig. 1.-Sericothrips stanfordii: Female.......................... 52
Fig. 12.-HIeliothripsfasciatus: Head and prothorax of female....... 52 Fig. 13.-Heliothripsfasciatus: Right antenna of female............. 52
Fig. 14.-Heliothripsfasciatus: End of abdomen of female........... 52
Fig. 15.-Euthrips orchidii: Head and prothorax of female ........... 52
Fig. 16.-Euthrips orchidii: Right antenna of female............... 52
Fig. 17.-Euthrips orchidii: End of abdomen of female ............. 52
Fig. 18.-Euthrips orchidii: Right fore wing of female............... 52
III. Fig. 19.-Euthrips pyri: Head and prothorax of female........-.....- 54
Fig. 20.-Euthrips pyri: Head and prothorax of female from side... 54 Fig. 21.-Euthrips pyri: Right antenna of female................... 54
Fig. 22.-Euthrips pyri: End of abdomen of female from side........ 54
Fig. 23.-Euthrips pyri: Fore tarsus of female..................... 54
Fig. 24.-Euthrips pyri: Right fore wing of female................. 54
Fig. 25.-Euthrips ehrhornii: Head and prothorax of female......... 54
Fig. 26.-Euthrips ehrhornii: Right fore wing of female............. 54
Fig. 27.-Euthrips ulicis californicus: Head and prothorax of female. 54
IV. Fig. 28.-Euthrips ulicis californicus: Left antenna of female........ 56
Fig. 29.-Euthrips ulicis californicus: Right fore wing of female..... 56 Fig. 30.-Euthrips ulicis californicus: Fore leg of female ............ 56
Fig. 31.-Euthrips ulicis californicus: End of abdomen of male ...... 56 Fig. 32.-Euthrips mninutus: Head and prothorax of female ......... 56
Fig. 33.-Euthrips minutus: Right fore wing of female ............. 56
Fig. 34.-Thrips madronii: Head and prothorax of female........... 56
Fig. 35.-Thrips madronii: Right antenna of female................. 56
Fig. 36.-Thrips madronii: Right fore wing of female ............... 56
V. Fig. 37.- Thrips bremnerii: Head and prothorax of female .......... 60
Fig. 38.-Thrips bremnerii: End of abdomen of female............. 60
Fig. 39.- Thrips bremnerii: Right fore wing of female .............. 60
Fig. 40.-Trichothrips dens: Head and prothorax of female........... 60
Fig. 41.-Trichothrips dens: Left antenna of female ................. 60
Fig. 42.- Trichothrips dens: Right fore wing of female............... 60
VII







VIII MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
PLATE V. Fig. 43.-Trichothrips dens: End of abdomen of female ............. 60
Fig. 44.-Trichothripsfemoralis: Right antenna of female-----------........... 60
VI. Fig. 45.- Trichothripsfemoralis: Head and prothorax of female. -. 64
Fig. 46.-Trichothripsfemoralis: End of abdomen of female......... 64
Fig. 47.-Trichothrips ilex: Head and prothorax of female ........... 64
Fig. 48.- Trichothrips ilex: Left antenna of female .................. 64
Fig. 49.- Trichothrips ilex: Base of right fore wing of female ......... 64
Fig. 50.-Acanthothrips doaneii: Head and prothorax of male....... 64 Fig. 51.-Acanthothrips doaneii: Left antenna of male.............. 64
Fig. 52.-Acanthothrips doaneii:%nd of abdomen of male........... 64
Fig. 53.-Megalothrips hesperus: Head and prothorax of female ... 64 Fig. 54.-Megalothrips hesperus: Right antenna of female........... 64
Fig. 55.-Megalothrips hesperus: End of abdomen of female......... 64
Fig. 56.-Megalothrips hesperus: End of abdomen of male........... 64
VII. Fig. 1.-Aleyrodes howardi on orange............................... 92
Fig. 2.-Aleurodicus anonx ....................................... 92
Fig. 3.-Aleyrodes vaporariorum on tobacco....................... 92
VIII. Work of orange thrips (Euthrips citri n. sp.).
Fig. 1.-Injury to tender orange shoot ........................... 120
Fig. 2.-Orange buds in axils of leaves killed back as fast 4 formed,
preventing further growth.............................. 120
Fig. 3.--Scab injury at stem end of orange, due to work of thrips
shortly after blossoms fell............................... 120
Fig. 4.-Scab injury at distal end of orange, due to work of thrips
late in season.......................................... 120

TEXT FIGURES.

FIG. 1. Tabanus lasiophthalmus: Male and female adults, larva, pupa and
details........................................................ 21
2. Tabanus siuldfrons: Male and female adults, pupa and details........ 23 3. Vespa mnaculata: Adult............................................. 26
4. Tabanus stygius: Eggs on leaves in usual location................... 29
5. Tabanus stygius: Eggs on leaf in unusual location ................... 30
6. Tabanus stygius: Female adult ................................... 31
7. Tabanus stygius: Pupa and details ................................ 31
8. Tabanus rivax: Male and female adults, larva, pupa and details ...... 32 9. Tabanus atratus: Male and female adults .......................... 35
10. Tabanus atratus: Pupa and details.................................. 36
11. Chrysops merens: Adult ovipositing................................ 37
12. Chrysops mwrens: Egg masses on leaf .............................. 38
13. Marlattiella prima: Antenna, forewing, and middle leg of female ...... 73 14. Mesidia mexicana: Female........................................ 74
15. Azotus capensis: Female, and antenna of male...................... 75
16. Prospalta maculata: Female...................................... 80
17. Coccophagus longifasciatus: Female................................ 81
18. Coccophagus zebratus: Female..................................... 82
19. Cales noacki: Antenna, forewing, and middle leg of female .......... 83
20. Casca chinensis: Forewing, antenna, and middle leg of female...... 84
21. Bardylis australiensis: Antenna of female, and antenna, hind leg, and
forewing of male............................................... 85
22. Artas koebelei: Antenna, forewing, and hind leg of female............. 86
23. Aleyrodes howardi: Showing copious secretion from pupae, on lower
surface of orange leaf............................................ 91







ILLUSTRATIONS. IX

Page.
FIG. 24. Aleyrodes howardi: Pupa case and details .......................... 92
25. Outdoor cage for rearing Tachinida, with vestibule.................. 96
26. Outdoor cage for rearing Tachinide, showing disposition of "tanglefooted" trays within the cage.................................... 97
27. Eupeleteria magnicornis: First-stage maggot attached to leaf, awaiting
approach of a caterpillar; enlarged mouth-hook of maggot.......... 103
28. Outdoor cage for securing oviposition of Japanese Tachina, covered
about the door with paper to prevent the flies from congregating at
that point..................................................... 113
29. Glass cylinders in use in rearing Tachinide and wire-screen receptacle for inclosing flies with caterpillars on foliage ................. 114
30. Parachata sp.: Uterine egg with chorion removed, showing structure
of the fully formed maggot from below............................ 116
31. Periods and succession of generations in Aphis maidi-radicis, 1906..... 127 32. Periods and succession of generations in Aphis maidi-radicis, 1906..... 127 33. Periods and succession of generations in Aphis maidis, 1906.......... 147
34. Periods and succession of generations in Sipha flava, 1907 ............ 159
35. Paraleyrodes persex: Pupa on leaf, pupa case and details............. 171
36. Paraleyrodes perses: Antenna, rigLt forewing, male genitalia, and claw
of third leg of adult............................................. 172






























ERRATA.
Page 18, line 9 from bottom, for Parlatoria read Parlatorea. Page 70, line 24, for bergi read bergii. Plate VII, facing page 92, for Aleyrodes anonx read Aleurodicus anonx Page 93, line 19, for Spire read Spiras. Page 105, line 7, after chitinized insert comma and omit anal. Page 116, line 3, for is read are. Page 122, line 5, for stop read spot. Page 153, line 8, for maidaphides read maidaphidis.
x











INDEX.

Page.
Abies concolor, Aspidiotus ehrhorni taken under lichens thereon ................ 13
food plant of Leucaspis kelloggi .............................. 12
Physokermes concolor............................. 10
grandis, food plant of Leucaspis kelloggi ............................... 12
magnifica, food plant of Leucaspis kelloggi............................. 12
shastensis, food plant of Leucaspis kelloggi.............................. 12
Ablerus, characters in table............................................... 72
aureonotuts, references to original description ........................ 70
pulchriceps, parasite of Aleyrodes longicornis......................... 76, 90
reference to original description, host. ................... 70
Abutilon abutilon, food plant of Aleyrodes abutilonea ......................... 92
Acacia horrida, food plant of Diaspis sp .................................... 77
montana, food plant of Lepidosaphes intermedia victoria ................. 17
sp., food plant of Aspidiotus subfervens................................ 14
Acanthothrips, characters in table........................................... 43
doanei, food plant......................................... 65, 68
in table............................................. 45
new species, description........................... 64-65
Aclerda distorta, host of Coccophagus zebratus ................................ 81
Adialytus maidaphidis, parasite of Aphis maidis.............................. 153
Eolothripide, characters in table.......................................... 42
description................................................. 45
A olothrips, characters in table............................................. 42
description................................................... 47
kuwanaii, food plants.......................................... 48, 67
in table........ ..................................... 43
wild California lilac ............................... 41
new species, description............................. 47-48
robustus in table.................................... 43
new variety, description ..................... 48
Arna lanata, food plant of Saissetia punctu lifera ............................ 10
Asculus glabra, food plant of Aspidiotus okioensis ............................ 14
Agave, food plant of Pseudococcus ephedr ................................... 5
mexicana, food plant of Opuntiaspis javanensis........................ 18
Ageratum, food plant of Aleyrodes rapoi'ariorum ............................ 93
Aleurodicus anonx on Anona muricata...................................... 93
reticu lata ....................................... 93
sp ............................................. 93
squan m osa...................................... 93
cockerelli on guava............................................. 92
cocois and scale insect, cause of a widespread disease on cocoanut... 92
on cocoanut.............................................. 92
guava ............................. .................. 92
holmesii on guava............................................. 92
mirabilis on Anona sp......................................... 93
persex. (See Paraleyrodes persex.)
630540-12--2 175







176 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Aleyrodes abutilonea on cotton and Abutilon abutilon ........................ 94
alcocki on Ficus indica and Ficus religiosa, parasite ................... 94
aspleni on Asplenium lucidum and other ferns ....................... 94
a'urantii=Aleyrodes eitri........................................... 174
on orange............................................... 91
bambuse on bamboo............................................. 94
barodensis on sugar cane.......................................... 90
bergii, host of Prospalta tristis .................................... 70
on sugar cane............................................. 90
brassics on cabbage, kale, and other crucifers ....................... 93
citri, occurrence in eastern Asia.................................. 174
on citrus plants in greenhouses............................... 94
orange.................................................... 90
eagenix var. aurantii=Aleyrodes citri .............................. 174
fernaldi on strawberry and Spirea ............................... 93
filiciumII on Aspleniumn cuneatum .................................. 93
Oleander articulata.................................... 94
Pteris quadriolata...................................... 94
fitchi, synonym of Aleyrodes abutilonea............................. 92
floridensis on guava ............................................. 90,92
orange............................................... 90
fragaria on strawberry ............................................ 93
gossypii on Gossypi /n religious um .................................... 92
goyaba' on guava................................................. 92
horridus on guava................................................ 92
howardi, new species, description, on orange....................... 91-92
lacerdx on Anona sylvratica........................................ 93
lactea on sugar cane, remedies..................................... 90
leakii on Indigofera arrecta and Indiqofera tinctor; .................. 94
longicornis, host of Ablerus pulchriceps ............................ 76
on sugar cane, remedies................................ 90
marlatti on orange................................................ 91
mori arizonensis on orange........................................ 90-91
nephrolepidis on fern, Nephrolepis................................ 93
nicotiane on tobacco............................................ 89
nubifera, distribution, food plants............................... 173-174
nubilans on Piper betle.......................................... 94
packardii= Aleyrodes vaporariorum................................ 93
on strawberry............................................ 93
pergandei on peaches, plums, Crategus, and wild crab apple .......... 94
perses. (See Paraleyrodes persex.)
ribium on red and black currants.................................. 94
(?) on Vaccinium uliginosum............................... 94
rolfsii on geranium ............................................... 94
rubicola on Rubus sp............................................ 94
rubi on Rubusfruticosus.......................................... 94
ruborum on Rubus cuneifolius and Rubus trivialis .................... 94
sacehari on sugar cane............................................. 90
sp., on blackberry, host of Encarsia pergandiella.................... 78
climbing vine, host of Encarsia portoricensis .................. 78
coarse grass, host of Encarsia townsendi ..................... 79
grape (Vinifera).......................................... 94
"Palo de Gusano," host of Mesidia mexicana................ 74







INDEX. 177

Page.
Aleyrodes sp., on Polygonum, host of Encarsia quaintancei ..................... 79
sugar cane, host of Ablerus (Azotus) pulchriceps ............... 70
tomatoes and other vegetables ............................ 93
spinifer on Citrus sp. and rose----------------------------------..................................... 91
tabaci on tobacco................................................ 89-90
vaporariorium, Aleyrodes packardii a synonym ...................... .93
on greenhouse plants and vegetables................. 93
youngi on cabbage.............................................. 93
Aleyrodide infesting economic plants.................................... 89-94
new genus belonging to the family.......................... 169-173
Alfalfa, injury by Euthrips tritici......................................... 40
Allograpta obliqua, association with Aphis maidis .......................... 152
Almonds, food plants of Euthrips pyri........ ............................. 54, 67
Alnus, food plant of Pulvinaria innutmerabilis betheli......................... 6
glutinosa, food plant of Pulvirnaria gathei ............................. 6
Alpina nutans, food plant of Coccts signiferus ............................... 8
Amaranthus hybrids, food plant of Aphi"s maidi-radicis....................... 124
Ambrosia trifida, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis .......................... 124
Amelanchier, food plant of Phenacoccus cockerelli............................. 4
Amelococcus in catalogue of Coccide ....................................... 4
alluaudi in catalogue of Coccide .............................. 4
Amiurus melas feeding on horsefly larvae .................................. 30
Amorphococcus mesux, Aspidiotus cuculus taken in abandoned galls........... 13
Aneristus, characters in table............................................. 72
reference to original description ................................. 70
ceroplastx, reference to original description, host................... 70
Angleworms, food of Tabanus stygius..................................... 31
Anisota, alternate host of introduced Tachinide ............................ 112
Anomianthus heterocarpus, food plant of Paralecaniurn expan-sum jaranicu..... 9 Anona (see also Custard apple).
muricata, food plant of Aleurodicus anot ............................. 93
reticulata, food plant of Aleurodicus anonx ...... ........................... 93
sp., food plant of Aleurodicus anonx ............................... 93
mirabilis ............................. 93
Coccus marsupialis ......................... ....... 8
squamosa, food plant of Aleurodicus anone......-- ...........................93
sylvatica, food plant of Aleyrodes lacerdwe.............................. 93
Antecerococcus, Phenacobryum a synonym................................. 3
Antonina australis in catalogue of Coccide ................................. 5
Aonidia corniger, host of Encarsia aonidix ................................. 70
crenulata, Aonidia ebeni a synonym ............................... 16
ebeni "Green" Leonardi=Aonidia crenulata Green................... 16
echinata in catalogue of Coccide .................................. 16
javanensis in catalogue of Coccidwe.................................. 16
pulchra in catalogue of Coccide ................................... 16
pusilla in catalogue of Coccidae .................................. 16
A.4onidomytilus in catalogue of Coccidae ................................... 16
Aphelininae, economic importance as parasites of scale insects ................ 69
new genera and species, with a revised table of genera.......... 69-88
preponderance of females over males........................... 71
probable origin of species in- United States..................... 71
species described since publication of Technical Series No. 1 ..... 69 table of tribes................................................ 71







178 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Aphelinini, characters in table ............................................. 71
table of genera, females ................................... ...... 71-72
Aphelinus, characters in table ............................................. 72
fuscipennis, parasite of San Jose scale, effectiveness ............... 69
mytilaspidis possibly a native species ............................. 71
simplex, reference to original description, host..................... 70
Aphides, Tabanus stygius feeding on honeydew therefrom...................-------------------- 28
Aphididae, biological studies on three species ............................. 123-168
Aphidiusflavicoxa, parasite of Aphis maidis .................................. 153
Aphis, corn leaf. (See Aphis maidis.)
root. (See Aphis maidi-radicis.)
maidi-radicis ..................................................... 123-144
bibliography .......................................... 137-144
descriptio ns........................................... 134-137
distribution .............................................. 124
eggs, description ........................................ 137
female, oviparous, adult wingless, description .............. 136
viviparous, adult winged, description ............. 135
wingless, description ............ 135
food plants ............................................. 124
general account ........................................ 123-124
generations, periods and succession ..................... 125-128
life history ..... ...................................... 124-134
male, adult wingless, description ....................... 136-137
after third molt, description ........................ 136
oviparous generation .................................. 132-134
descriptions ........................ 136-137
viviparous generation .................................. 129-132
descriptions ...................... 134-135
m aidis ........................................................... 144-156
bibliography ................................................ 151-156
descriptions ................................................. 149-151
distribution.................................................. --------------------------------------------145
food plants-----------------------------------------................................................. 145-146
enem ies .................................................... 152,153
female, adult winged, description ........................... 150-151
wingless, description ............................ 150
general account ............................................ 144-145
generations, periods and succession ........................... 147-149
life history .................................................. 146-149
pupa of winged female, description ............................ 151
viviparous generation, descriptions .......................... 149-151
sorghum. (See Siphaflava.)
sp. on Phragmites.................................................. ---------------------------------------------26
Apple, food plant of Euthrips pyri .......................................... 54, 67
Apricot, food plant of Euthrips pyri .--------------------------........................ .............. 54, 67
Trichothrips dens...................................... --------------------------------61,68
tree, Aolothrips kuwanaii robustus taken thereon ..................... 48, 67
Archenomus, characters in table............................................ ----------------------------------------72
reference to original description............................... ------------------------------70
bicolor, reference to original description, host .................... 70
Archytas spp., uterine maggots............................................. ----------------------------------------115
Arctorthezia in catalogue of Coccida~e .................................... 2







INDEX. 179

Page.
Arctostaphylos tomentosa (see also Manzanita).
food plant of Euthrips tritici ........................ 40
Artas, characters in table-------------------------..........................-....................... -------------------72
new genus, description............................................... ------------------------------------------85
koebelei new species, description...................................... --------------------------------85,86
Artemisia californica, food plant of Euthrips tritici ......................--------------------------... 40
Artocarpus integrifolia, Chionaspis subcorticalis found under bark ............. 11
food plant of Saissetia psidii.......................... -------------------------10
Arundinaria sp., food plant of Coccus arundinari ...........................---------------------------.. 8
Aschersonia aleyrodis or similar species, fungous enemy of A leyrodes lacteah ...... 90 Asimina triloba, food plant of Eulecanium folsomi .........................---------------------------.. 9
Aspidiotiphagus, characters in table-------------------------------------......................................... 72
Aspidiotus californicus in catalogue of Coccidme.............................. -----------------------------13
capensis in catalogue of Coccide.................................. ------------------------------13
capsulatus in catalogue of C(occide ............................... 13
coniferarum shast in catalogue of ('occide........................ ----------------------13
cuculus in catalogue of Coccide................................... -------------------------------13
ehrhorni in catalogue of Coccide.................................. ------------------------------13
florenciz in catalogue of Coccide................................. ------------------------------13
hedere, host of Azotus marchali ................................... 70,75
immaculatus in catalogue of Coccide............................. ---------------------------13
moreirai in catalogue of Coccide ................................. 14
nerii= Aspidiotus heder ......................................... 70, 75
ohioensis in catalogue of Coccide................................ -------------------------------14
oxycocc-uas in catalogue of Coccida ..............................-------------------------------.. 14
piceus in catalogue of Coccide -----------------------------...............................----.... 14
pisai in catalogue of Coccide...................................... ---------------------------------14
pseudospinosus in catalogue of Coccide ..........................--------------------------. 14
pustulans in catalogue of Coccide................................ -----------------------------14
rivers in catalogue of ('ocecide ........................--------------------------------......... 14
sp., host of Bardylis australiensis................................. ------------------------------85
Perissopterus noumensis.............................. ----------------------------87
subfervens in catalogue of C'occidoe................................ ------------------------------14
subrubescens corticoides in catalogue of C'occid..................... 14
tayabanus in catalogue of ('occide ................................. 15
(Aonidiella) taproban us= Chrysomphalus taprobanus ................ 15
(Chrysomphalus) cistuloides= Chrysomphalus cistuloides.............. --------------15
malleolus= Chrysomphalus malleolus.............---------------. 15
pedronis= Chrysomphalus pedronis................-----------------.. 15
quadriclavatus= Chrysomphalus quadricla cats ..... 15 (Cryptophyllaspis) occultus var. elongatus= Cryptophyllaspis occultus
elongatus-------------- .................................................. 15
(Pseudaonidia) curculiginis=Pseudaonidia curculiginis.............-------------- 15
(Targionia) phyllanthi= Targionia phyllanthi...................... ---------------------16
Asplenium cuneatum, food plant of Aleyrodes filicium ........................ 93
lucidum, food plant of Aleyrodes aspleni.......................... --------------------------94
Aster, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis ..................................... 124
Asterolecanium aureum, host of Perissopterus busekii .......................... 88
delicatum, host of Encarsia planchonia........................ ----------------------70
greeni in catalogue of Coccide ................................ 3
pustulans sambuci in catalogue of (Coccide .................... 3
rehi in catalogue of Coccide .................................. 3
sp., host of Azotus capensis .................................. 76







180 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Atalantia zeylanica, food plant of Parlatoria atalantia%. ................ 18
Avocado (see also Persea).
food plant of Paraleyrodes persex .................................... 173
Azaleas, food plants of Heliothrips hamorrhoidalis.......................... 40, 52, 67
Azotus, characters in table...... ........................................... 72
description........................................................ 74-75
reference to original description...................................... 70
capensis, new species, description.................................... 75-76
marchali, hosts.................................................... 70
reference to original description........................... 70,75
pulchriceps=Ablerus pulchriceps...................................... 70
Bamboo, Aleyrodidee infesting it............................................ 94
(Gigantochloa aspera), food plant of Odonaspis peniciliata............ 16
Bambusaspis in catalogue of Coccide ....................................... 3
B1 rdylis, characters in table................................................. 72
new genus, description........................................... 84
australiensis, new species, description............................. 84-85
Barley, food plant of Aphis maidis........................................... 145
Basilarchia, alternate host of introduced Tachinide......................... 112
Begonia, food plant of Coccus signiferus .................................... 8
Betel, Aleyrodide infesting it ............................................... 94
Birds, enemies of Tabanus sul1ifrons......................................... 26
Blackberry (see also Rubus).
food plant of Aleyrodes sp ...................................... 78
wild. (See Rubus cuneifolius.)
Bleaching puparia of Tachinidae ........................................... 115
Blepharipa scutellata, eggs, uterine......................................... 109
importance as parasite of gipsy moth (Porthetria dispar).. 118 life-history notes...................................... 99,101
parasite of Porthetria dispar ........................... 95
reproductive capacity................................ 110
habits.................................. 117
Blepharipeza leucophrys, eggs, uterine...................................... 116
Bombyliomyia abrupta, maggots, uterine..................................... 115
Brassica nigra, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis............................... 124
Broom corn, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis................................ 124
maidis ..................................... 145
Sipha flara........................................ 157
Bupleurum gibraltaricum, food plant of Phenacaspis bupleuri.................. 12
Burning against Aleyrodes longicornis and Aleyrodes lactea .................... 90
Cabbage, Aleyrodidae infesting it.......................................... 93
wild, food plant of Aleyrodes brassicx in Europe .................... 93
Cacao, cultivated, food plant of Pseudococcus tayabanus...................... 5
"Cadena de amor," food plant of Pultinaria tyleri............................ 7
Cages for rearing Tachinidae ................................ 96-97, 110-111, 113-115
Cales, characters in table................................................. 72
new genus, description......................................... ...... 82
noacki, new species, description..................................... 82
Caliothrips woodworthi= Heliothrips fasciatus................................ 39,42
Callistemon salignus, food plant of Aonidia pulchra........................... 16
Chionaspis candida ........................ 10
Calophyllum sp., food plant of Coccus bicruciatus ............................ 8
frontalis .... ........................ 8







INDEX. 181

Page.
Calophyllum sp., food plant of Paralecanium calophylli....................... 9
Calymnatus incisus= Coccus incisus......................................... 8
"Campopot," food plant of Aspidiotus tayabanus............................. 15
Cannibalism in Tabanus lasiophthalmus..................................... 20
viax........................................... 33
Capparis moonii, food plant of Coccus capparidis.............................. 8
Carbolic acid, pine tar, and kerosene against autumn horsefly ( Tahan us sldeifrons)................................................................... 27
Carcelia gnaroa, parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhea and Portheiria dispar, egg.. 105
(?) from Japan, parasite of Porthetria dispar.................... 107
Carissa spinarum, food plant of Aonidia pusilla.............................. 16
Carynota urens, food plant of Coccus signiferus.............................. 8
Casca, characters in table................................................... 72
new genus, description....................................... ...... 83
chinensis, new species, description....-.............................. 83-84
Cassinia aculeata, food plant of Lepidosaphes cassini'.. .......................... 17
Castilloa sp., food plant of Pseudococcus crotonis............................. 5
Catfish. (See Amiiurus melas.)
Cattle (see also Stock, live).
hosts of Tabanus stygius.............................................. 28
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus. (See Lilac, California.) Qentrodora, characters in table......................................... 72
Ceratonia siliques, food plant of Phenwraspis ceratoni. .......................... 12
Ceroplastes actinifornis, host of Cocrophagus orientalls........................ 70
sanguineus in catalogue of Coccide................ ............... 7
schrotikyi in catalogue of Coccidw................................ 7
sp., host of A ncristus ceroplast .................................... 70
Chaitophorus fl ra a=Sipha fi o.............................................. 1 56
Chalcidid fly, yellow, parasite of Alryrodes alcocki............................ 94
Cherries, food plants of Euthrips pyri........................................ 54, 67
Cherry laurel, food plant of Heliothrips hxnorrhoidalis........................ 40
Chickens, enemies of Sipha flare ............................................ 167
Chionaspis angustata in catalogue of (oc idw................................. 10
candida in catalogue of Coccide.................................. 10
cinnamoni in catalogue of Coccid '................................ 10
coronifera in catalogue of Coccide................................ 11
decurvata in catalogue of Coccidw................... ............ I
formosa in catalogue of Coccid ................................. 11
gleditsix in catalogue of Coccide.................................. 11
madiunensis, host of Phqscus flaridus............................. 70
ortholobis bruneri= Chionaspis salicis-nigrw......................... 11
in catalogue of Coccid-..........................1 1
sacchari-folii, host of Aphelinus simplex............................ 70
salicis-nigrx, Chionaspis ortholobis bruneri a synonvi... ........... 11
strobilanthi= Phenacaspis strobilanthi.............................. 12
subcorticalis in catalogue of Coccide............................... 11
sylvatica in catalogue of Coccide................................. 11
vitis, host of Artas koebelei--..................................... 86
Christmas berry. (See Heteromeles arbutifolia.) Chrysomphalus cistuloides in catalogue of Coccid ........................... 15
malleolus in catalogue of Coccide........................... 15
pedronis in catalogue of Coccide-............................ 15
quadriclavatus in catalogue of Coccid-........................ 15







182 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Chrysomphalus taprobanus in catalogue of Coccide .......................... 15
Chrysops maerens, habits and life history.................................... 36-38
Chusquea, food plant of Aspidiotus rivera .................................... 14
Cinnamomum, food plant of Chionaspis cinnamomi........................... 10
Chrysomphalus cistuloides ........................ 15
Citrus, food plants of Aleyrodes nubifera..................................... 173
aurantium (see also Orange).
food plant of Aleyrodes eugenix var. aurantii ............... 174
in greenhouses, food plants of Aleyrodes (itrl ......................... 94
sp., food plant of Aleyrodes spinifer ................................. 91
Coccide, catalogue of those recently described ............................... 1-18
National collection, scope and arrangement .......................... 1
Coccin- in catalogue of Coccid ............................................. 6-10
Coccomytilus hymenanther&. (See Lepidosaphes hymenantherx.) Coccophagus, characters in table........................................... 72
reference to original description............................... 80
flauvescens. reference to original description, host................. 70
fletclheri, reference to original description, host.................. 70
lecanii possibly a native species............................... 71
longifasciatus, new species, description......................... 80-81
orientalis, reference to original description, hosts ................. 70
subochraceus, new species, description .......................... 80
zebratus, new species, description ............................. 81
Coccus arundinari in catalogue of Coccidt .................................. 8
bicruciw atus in catalogue of ('occid .................................... 8
capparidis in catalogue of t h (1id .................................... 8
dirersipes in catalogue of ('occida .................................... 8
frontals in catalogue of ('Coccidw ..................................... 8
incisus in catalogue of ('occida ....................................... 8
marsupialis in catalogue of ('occid .................................. 8
signferus in catalogue of ('occid ..................................... 8
ciridis, host of Coccophagus orientals ................................ 70
Cocoanut, Aleyrodide infesting it......................................... 92
Cocoa palm, food plant of Aspidiotus sp..................................... 87
Coffea arabica, food plant of Lepidosaphes corrugata ........................... 17
Colonization of Tachinide, improvement in method ........................ 111
Compsilura concinwita, eggs, uterine........................................ 108
importance as parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhra ......... 118 life-history notes.................................... 102
maggots, uterine.................................... 108
parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhea...................... 102
Hemerocanipa leucostigma.................. 112
reproductive habits ................................ 117
(?) from Japan, parasite of Porthetria dispar............ 107
Conchaspinae in catalogue of Coccidse ....................................... 3
Conchaspis fluminensis in catalogue of Coccide ............................. 3
Copecrypta (Trichophora) ruficauda, maggots, uterine......... ................ 115
Copulation in Tabanus sulcfrons........................................... 24
Cordea lutea, food plant of Orthezia galapogoensis ............................ 3
curassavica, food plant of Diaspis cordial ............................ 11
Corn, food plant of Aphis wmaidi-radicis..................................... 124
maidis........................................... 145
Siphaflara........ ................. .............







INDEX. 183

Page.
Corydalis cornuta, location of larvae ......................................... 33
Cotton (see also Gossypium).
Aleyrodide infesting it............................................. 92
Crab apple, wild, food plant of Aleyrodes pergandei......................... 94
Cranberry (Oxycoccus), food plant of Aspidiotus oxycoccus............ ......... 14
Crategus, food plant of Aleyrodes pergandei................................... 94
Cremastogaster dohrni, association with Saissetia discrepans..................... 9
Crossocosmia sericarix, parasite of silkworm, habits..................... 99, 110, 116
reproductive capacity............................... 110
sp., from Japan, habits, parasite of Porthetria dispar.............. 107
importance as parasite of Porthetria dispar...... .118 Croton, cultivated, food plant of Pseudococcus virgatus....................... 5
Crustacea, small, food of Tabanus lasiophthalmus........................... 20
vivax.................................... 33
Cryptoparlatorea in catalogue of Coccide ..................................... 18
leucaspis in catalogue of Coccide ............................ 18
Cryptophyllaspis bornmiilleri in catalogue of Coccide............. ........... 15
occultus elongatus in catalogue of Coccide ................... 15
Cryptothrips, characters in table............................................ 43
californicus, description.................................... 66-67
in table.......................................... 45
under old shells of Lecanium armeniacum and Saissetia olex ...................................... 41
Ctenochiton serratus in catalogue of Coccid ................................. 7
Cucumbers, food plants of Aleyrodes vaporariorum........................ 93
Cucumber tree. (See Magnolia acuminata.) Cupressus goveniana, food plant of Leucaspis cupressi........................ 12
Pseudococcus andersoni ................. 5
macnabiana, food plant of Aspidiotus coniferarum shastx ............. 13
Pseudococcus dudleyi..................... 5
Curculigo recurvata, food plant of Pseudaonidia curculiginis................... 15
Currant, Aleyrodidw infesting it.......................................... 94
Custard apple (see also Anona).
Aleyrodide infesting it......................................... 93
Cyperus rotundatus, food plant of Antonina australis......................... 5
Dactylopiine in catalogue of Coccide ....................................... 3-5
Dactylopius adonidum= Pseudococcus longispinus ............................. 70
andersoni= Pseudococcus anderson i................................. 5
crotonis=Pseudococcus crotonis.................................. 5
dudleyi= Pseudococcus dudleyi.......... .................... 5
elongatus= Pseudococcus elongatus ............................... 5
vagabundus= Pseudococcus.vagabundus........................... 5
Dahlias, food plants of Heliothrips hminorrhoidalis........... ............. 52, 67
Datana, alternate host of introduced Tachinidae ........................... 112
Davis, John June, paper, "Biological Studies on Three Species of Aphidide 123-168 Dexodes nigripes, eggs, uterine .............................................. 108
importance as parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhoa .............. 118
life-history notes......................................... 102
magg6ts, uterine......................................... 108
parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhmea..... ..................... 102
Hemerocampa leucostigma ...................... 112
Porthetria dispar.............................. 102







184 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Diacrisia virginica, experiment in parasitization by Pales pavida............. 100
Diaspidiotus ehrhorni. (See Aspidiotus ehrhorni.)
ohioensis. (See Aspidiotus ohioensis.)
Diaspinse in catalogue of Coccid .......................................... 10-18
Diaspis cordix in catalogue of Coccide ....................................... 11
Diaspis ostrexformis=Epidiaspis piricola..................................... 70,75
pentagona, host of Prospalta berlesei ................................ 70
sp., on Acacia horrida, host of Encarsia diaspidis...................... 77
squamosus in catalogue of Coccidse .................................. 11
Dobson fly. (See Corydalis cornuta.)
Dock. (See Rumex crispus and Rume altissimus.) Dracxna, food plant of Parthenothrips dracxnx ................................ 57, 67
Drymus sp., food plant of Aspidiotus moreirai............................... 14
pisai .................................. 14
Earfly, marsh. (See Chrysops marens.) Echinomyia algens, maggots, uterine......................................... 115
grossa, larviparous habits........................................ 101
Eleagnus latifolia, food plant of Coccus bicruciatus ........................... 8
Encarsia, characters in table................................................ 72
table of species................................................... 76-77
angelica, characters in table........................................ 76
aonidix, characters in table........................................ 77
reference to original description, host..................... 70
coquillettii, characters in table..................................... 77
diaspidis, characters in table..................................... 77
new species, description.................................. 77
flaiicata, characters in table....................................... 76
reference to original description.......................... 70
luteola, characters in table....................................... 76
pergandiella, characters in table.................................. 76
new species, description............................... 78
plawchonia, characters in table.................................... 76
reference to original description, host.................... 70
portiortcnsis, characters in table................................... 76
new species, description............................. 77-78
quaintancei, characters in table................................... 76
new species, description................................ 79
townsendi, characters in table.................................... 77
new species, description................................. 78-79
variegata, parasite of Paraleyrodes persex............................. 173
Epidiaspis piricola, host of Archenomus bicolor................................ 70
Azotus marchali................................. 70,75
Eretmocerus, characters in table............................................ 72
cornii, possibly a native species ............................... 71
Erigeron canadense, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis.......................... 124
Eriococcus simplex dealbata=Eriococcus tricarinatus............................ 4
sordidus in catalogue of Coccide ................................... 3
tricarinatus in catalogue of Coccidae ................................ 4
Eriopeltis coloradensis in catalogue of Coccidae .............................. 7
Erythrina lithosperma, food plant of Aspidiotus pustulans ..................... 14
"Lecanium" tenebricophilum ...... ........ 10
Pulvinaria maxima................... ... 6
Eucalymnatus subtessellatus in catalogue of Coccidae......................... 7







INDEX. 185

Page.
Eucalyptus globosus, food plant of Aspidiotus subrubescens corticoides........... 14
globulus, food plant of Lepidosaphes bicornis ...................... 17
gomphocephala, food plant of Eriococcus tricarinatus................. 4
goniocalyx, food plant of Spharococcus pustulans................... 4
tereticornis, food plant of Chionaspisformosa ...................... 11
Eugenia malaccensis, food plant of Lepidosaphes rubrovittatus ................... 17
sp., food plant of Coccus bicruciatus ................................ S
Saissetia psidii.................................... 10
Eulecanium curtisi in catalogue of Coccide................................... S
fletcheri, host of Coccophagus fleet -er ............................. 70
folsomi in catalogue of Coccidae .................................9
liistneri in catalogue of Coccida-e................................ 9
pulchrum in catalogue of Coccide.............................. 9
sp., honeydew eaten by Tabanus s2l6 ,....................... 26
Euleucaspis corsa. (See Leucaspis corsa.) Euparlatoria in catalogue of Coccide ........................................ is8
Eupeleteria magnicornis, eggs, uterine.................................... 108os
life-history notes .............................103-105
maggots, uterine.................................... 108
parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhia ...................... 104
Byphantria cunea......................... 112
reproductive capacity. ......................... 109-110
habits .............................. 117
Euphorbia hypericifolia, food plant of Ceroplastes sp .......................... 70
intisy, food plant of Amelococcus alluaudi.......................... 4
Euproctis chrysorrhoea, host of Carcelia gnava................................ 105
Compsilura coni nai .......................... 102
Dexodes nigripes ............................. 102
Eupeleteria mag.icorns......................... 104
Masicera (?)................................ 101
Parexorista chkloni ....................... 95.97-98
Phorocera (?).................................. 101
Tachina clisiocanpx .......................... 106
Tachinas, European .......................... 112
Japanese.......................... 111.113
Zygobothria nidicola............................ 105
most important tachinid parasites ....................... 118
Euryops tenuissimus, food plant of Asterolecanium sp ........................ 76
Eusisyropa, two species near it, uterine eggs.................................. 116
blanda, eggs, uterine......................................... 116
Euthrips, characters in table.............................................. 42
description...................-.................................. 52
citri. (See Thrips, orange.)
ehrhorni, characters in table................ ................ ...... 44
food plant............................................... 55.67
new species, description............................... 54, 55
minutus, characters in table ..................................... 44
food plant .............................................. 57,67
new species, description ............................... 56-57
occidentalis, characters in table .................................. 44
food plants.... ..................................... 67
orchidii, characters in table....................................... 43
food plants.............................................. 53-67







186 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Euthrips orchidii, new species, description.................................. 52-53
pyri, characters in table......................................... 43
description ................................................ 53-54
economic importance....................................... 41
food plants.............................................. 54, 67
tritici, characters in table.................................... ... 44
food plants.............................................. 67
injury to oranges......................................... 40
ulicis californicus, characters in table ............................. 44
food plant. ................................... 56,67
new variety, description....................... 55-56
Euvanessa, alternate host of introduced Tachinidoe .......................... 112
antiop a, experiments in parasitization by Zenillia libatrix......... 100 Evaspidiotus subrubescens var. corticoides. (See Aspidiotus subrubescens corticoides.)
Exorista, eggs, uterine.................................................... 116
Fagree, food plants of Saissetia psidii ..................................... 10
Fernaldiella in catalogue of Coccida ...................................... 16
Fern "parasite," Coccus dircrsipcs taken thereon ........................... 8
Ferns, Aleyrodide infesting them......................................... 93-94
food plants of leliothrips kanmorrhodalis ............................ 52, 67
Ficus (see also Fig).
bengalensis, food plant of Tachardia fid ............................... 6
carica, food plant of Lepidosaphes ficfolii ............................. 17
cultivated, food plant of Pulvinaria psidii philippina .................. 7
indica, food plant of Aleyrodes alcocki ............................... 94
religiosa, food plant of Aleyrodes alcocki ............................. 94
Techardia.fici ................................. 6
Fig (see also Ficus).
Aleyrodid infesting it.............................................. 94
food plant of Euthrips bremnerfi ...................................... 60, 68
pyri ............................................. 54, 67
Fiorin ia bidens in catalogue of Coccid .................................... 13
Fleabane. (See Erigeron canadense.)
Formica ftsca, association with Aphis 'aidi-radicis ........................... 139
schaufussi, association with Aphis maidi-radicis ..................... 139
Fungous enemy of Euthrips pyri ........................................... 41
Garcinia spicata, food plant of Paralecaniumn zonatum......................... 9
Gardenia, food plant of Aleyrodes citri..................................... 174
nubifera ................................. 173
Geranium, food plant of Aleyrodes rolfsii.................................. 94
Gigantochloa aspera, food plant of Odonaspis penicillata ...................... 16
Gleditsia triacanthos, food plant of Chionaspis gleditsi ...................... 11
Globularia salicina, food plant of Asterolecanium rehi ......................... 3
Cryptophyllaspis bornmilleri. . .... ...... 15
Goniafirontosa, eggs, uterine.............................................. 116
Gossypium (see also Cotton).
religiosum, food plant of Aleyrodes gossypii ....................... 92
sp., food plant of Hemichionaspis townsendi ...................... 12
Gramnineae, food plants of Sipha spp...................................... 157
Grape, Aleyrodide infesting it............................................ 94
food plant of Euthrips pyri........................................ 54,67
Grapefruit, food plant of Taciardia aurantiaca .......... ................ 6







INDEX. 187

Page.
Grass, food plant of Acanththrips doaneii ................................. 65, 68
Aphis maidi-radicis..................................... 124
Eriopeltis coloradensis ............................... 7
Euthrips ehrhornii................................... 55,67
minutus................................... 57,67
Sericothrips apteris................................... 50,67
reticulatus................................. 51,67
stanfordii ................................ 51,67
Trionymus nanus....................... ............... 5
coarse, food plant of Aleyrodes sp..................................... 79
crab. (See Panicum.)
Grasses. (See Gramines and Juncacee.) Greenhouse plants, Aleyrodide infesting them ............................ 93-94
Greeniella pulchra. (See Aonidia pulchra.) Grewia sp., food plant of Cryptophyllaspis occultu.s elongaltus ................. 15
Guava (see also Psidium).
Aleyrodidw infesting it .......................................... 92
food plant of Aleyrodes floridensis .................................. 90
Gutierrezia glomerella, food plant of Tachardia glomnerella ...................... 6
Gymnaspis spinomnarginata in catalogue of (Coccid ........................... 76
Hakea sp., food plant of Aspidiotus sp ...................................... 85
Handpicking against marsh ear fly (Chrysops merrens) ..................... 37-38
1elichrysura ferrugineum, food plant of Eriococcus sordidus .................... 3
Heliothrips, characters in table.. ......................................... 42
fasciatus, Caliothrips woodworthi a synonym ..................... 39, 42
characters in table.................................. 43
food plants........................................ 52. 67
hxmorrhoidalis, characters in table............................. 43
feeding injuries................................. 40
food plants.................................. 52, 67
Heliotrope, food plant of Aleyrodes vaporariorum ............................ 93
Hlemerocampa leucostigma, alternate host of Dexodes nigripes, Comrnpsilura concinnata, Tricholyga grandis, et al ............... 112
host of Dexodes nigripes............................ 102
Hemiberlesia immaculatus. (See Aspidiotus immaculatus.) Hemichionaspis them ceylonica in catalogue of Coccide........... ............. 12
townsendi in catalogue of Coccida ........................... 12
Hemicyclia sepiaria, food plant of Aonidia echinata........................... 16
Hemimasicera sp. (?) egg, deposition....................................... 106
eggs, uterine........................................... 108
parasite of Porthetria dispar ............................ 107
Heteromeles arbutifolia, food plant of Trichothrips ilex................... 40-41, 63, 68
Hine, James S., paper, "Habits and Life Histories of some Flies of the Family
Tabanid m "................................................................ 19-38
Hippodamia convergens, enemy of Aphis maidis.............................. 152
glacialis, enemy of Aphis maidis.............................. 152
maculata, enemy of Aphis maidis............................... 152
Hemyda aurata, eggs, ovarian .............................................. 117
Honeydew of aphides, food of Tabanus stygius............................... 28
Hornet, bald-faced. (See Vespa maculata.) Horsefly, autumn. (See Tabanus sulcifrons.)
black. (See Tabanus atratus.)
and white. (See Tabanus stygius.)







188 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Horsefly, black-striped. (See Tabanus Zasiophthalmu.6')
river. (See Tabanus rvi'vax,)
Horseflies. (See Tabanidw.)
Horrses (see also Stock).
hosts of Tabanus stygTius..._._.................................... 28
Host larviposition, subcutaneous, in ("Ovmpsilura conernnata .................. 117
supracutaneius, in dexiine flies and allies..............117
oviposition in Tachinia larvarutm..................................... 117
Ilowardia lobulata=Rfropaloaspis ricc" ..................................... 11
in catalogue oif Coccidu.. ................................ 11
Ho(ward, L'. 0., paper, "-New Genera and Species of Aphelininaw, with a Revised
Table of Genera"..._.-...-----...........................69-88
[Tymewmithera banlcsii, food plant of Leixiosuphes hymenxrntherw ............... .17
PIcrya candida in catalogue of Coccidw ..................................... 2
colimensis in catalogue of Coccidu .................................... 2
littoralis tonilensis in catalogue of Coccidw ............................2.
r 7eyi larrex 'in catalogue of Coccida ................................... 2
Indigo, Aleyrodidae Infesting it.............................................. 94
Indigof'eta arrecta, food plant of Ale-yrodes ieakii.................. ........... 94
binctorwa, food plant of Aleyrodes leak~ii ............................ 94
Iridomtyrmexc hum ilis, association with Pahluinaria grabkarni................... 6
~Jossiloia inifol, food plant of Puli rabhatmi......................... 6
.Juncacex, fo0o1 plants of Sipha jsp....................................... 157
Ja niperur~s sp.. food plant of ('ryptoptrl~lu ft ucaspis........................ 18
Kale, food plant of Aleyrodfs r assiCa1'................................... 93
Kerosene a~galnst marsh eairfly (Chrysop Js nW-rens) ....................... 38
('arbolic ac id, an1d pine t1,r iL-.inst autumn hor-sefly (Tabarus sulcifroni s).......... ................................ 27
Kiiia.- (See Qalophylluim sp.')
KnIotwveed. (See Polygoltuilftf
Latna, food plan t of Aley rodt s alpora~ior'110............ .................9
Lairrea, food plant of Iceryui rilei lorres......................................-- 2
L arviposition in certain T'achli nd .................................. 101-102
Laisfa'uassociation within AIpis ,natib-rUdicis ........................... 139
n iger, occur-reilce wAith Plwtacocus Iripcrsiioides ........................ 4
var'. amefclau(I uis. a Jcati with A p.his 'muiii-radiris ............. 125
sp., Orthezia oliracea in1 neI .. I S1. .-- -- - -- -- -- -- - 3
Lariliya pegs teie.... ................................ 116
Laurel, Califor-nia, food plant of Thrip] midronii.......................... 58, 67
Laurestina, food plant of Ileliotkrips hamnworrhoi'dalis ....................140,52, 67
Leaf larviposition in Eupeleria rnagrnncorrns................--.......103-105, 117
Tachinid~u ------------------- .----- ----------- ..117
o-viposition in Blepharipa scutelata.................................----117
certain Tachiidw --------- ----------- -----------99-101,) 1
Crossocosrnuza sp., fromn Japan..........................107loLecaj- n iimneniacum, Cry ptothri"ps caiornic"(us under old scales........--41, 67",68
anindinariw= Coccus u-ndinr'rt................................... 8
bicrucatumz= Coccus 6icruciatu------------------ ------------------- 8
capparidis= Coccu ca rdis..................
coffeax=Saissetia hemisphtorim .................................... 70
discrepans=Saisseta dis-re pants................................... 9
expansuma var. j'iaanicumn=Para lecaniumn expansum javanicum .... 9 metallicun=Paralecanium expansum metallicmm,... 9







INDEX. 189

Page.
Lecanium expansum var. quadratum=Paralecanium expansurn quadratuto---- 9 rotundum =Para lecaium expansum rotundun)----------9 frontale=- Coccus frontalis----- -------------------------- 8
lilstneri=Eulecanium ijitneri ------------------------------------ 9
marsupiaie= Coccus marsupialis ---------- ------------------------ 8
nigruni =Saissetia nigra----------------------------------------- 81
oleie=Saissetia oiex -------------------------------------------- 69
psidii=Saissetia psidii----------------- ---------------------- 10
puichrwm =Euiecanium puichruw --------------------------------- 9
Punctul1iferu rn=Saissetia pu ntu lifera------------------------------ 10
siqriferu mt = Goccus sign iferu? ------------------------------------ 8
sp., host of Ooccoplwgus subochracea. ............................. -80
subtessellatumt= Euca lqw natus subtesse liatus--------------------.. 7
viride = C occus iridis-------------- ----------------- -------.. 70
zonatum =Para lecanium zonatum---------------------------------... 9
(Paralecaniurn) catlophylli =Paralecantv Ti caiophylli----------9 pera den i yensc =Para lccua nwini peraden iyclw -------------9
"Lecanium" insolens in catalogue of Coccide---------------------10
limnantherni in catalogue of Coccidae--------------------------- 10
tenebricophiluina in cataloguie of Coccidve ......................... 10
Lemon, food plant of Aleyrodes citri-------------------------------------... 174
Lepidosaphes alba, Lepidosaphes cockerelliana a svnonvni ....................... 16
beck ii. host of Gasca chineisis ---------------------------------- 84
Prospalta -maculata-----------------------------.. 80
bicorriis in catalogue of (Coecide------------------------------- 17
cassinix in catalogue of (1occida -------------------------------- 17
cockereilia no= Lep idosaphes ab ................................ -16
in catalogyue of Coccidve--------------------------- 16
corrugata in catalogue of ('occide ------------------------------ 17
ficifolii in catalogue of (1occidoe---------------17
hymenantherw in catalogue of Coccidee-------------------------- 17
interrnedia victoria in catalogue of Coccidzt----------------------.17
multipora, in catalogue of Coccida- ----------------------------- 17
pallens, host of Perissopteras capiikdlus ------------------- ------ 87
rubrovittatus in catalogue of Coccide --------------------------- 17
ungulata in catalogue of ('occidx ------------------------------ 17
wilgqa in catalogue of Coccidoe--------------------------------- 17
Leptospermurn laxigaturn, food plant of C'hionaspis aitguhtatti------------------ 10
Leucaspis corsa in catalogue of Coccida ------------------------------------ 12
cupressi in catalogue of Coccida ---------------------------------- 12
japonica, host of Marla ttiella prima-------------------------------- 73
kelloggi in catalogue of Coccidoe----------------------------------- 12
kermanerisis in catalogue of Coccida -----------------------------.. 12
leo nardi in catalogue of Coccidve --------------------------------- 12
pini=Leucaspis leonardi---------------------------------------... 12
riccw, Rhopaloaspis ri:ccx a synonym ------------------------------ 13
Leucospermuin attenua turn, food plant of Lecaniumn sp------------------------- 80
Libocedrus decurre us, food plant of Aspidiotus ehrhorni ------------------------ 13
Pseudococcus andersoni---------------------- 5
Lichen on Picea br( weriana, Phenacoccus kuwanx taken thereon--------------- 4
Lichens on Abies concolor, Aspidiotus ehrhorni taken thereon ------------------1:3
Lilac, food plant of Euthrips tritic?--------------------------------------.... 49
California, food plant of Xolotlerips kuwanaii---------------------- 41,48, 67







190 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Pago.
Lilac, California, food plant of Thrips madronii... .......................... 58, 67
Lime, milk, against Aleyrodes longicornis and Aleyrodes lactea ................. 90
Limnanthemum nymphoides, food plant of "Lecanium" limnanthemi............ 10
Liriodendron tulipifera, food plant of Aspidiotus piceus ....................... 14
Madrofia, food plant of Orothrips kelloggii.................................. 41, 46, 67
Thrips madronii .................................... 58, 67
Magnolia acuminata, food plant of Eulecanium................................ 26
Mangifera indica, food plant of Saissetia psidii................................. 10
Mango, food plant of Monophlebus stebbingii mangifersa....................... 2
Manzanita (see also Arctostaphylos tomentosa).
food plant of Orothrips kelloggii................................. 41, 46, 67
Margarodinae in catalogue of Coccidae...................................... 2
Marietta, characters in table.................................................. 72
Marlattiella, characters in table............................................ 71
new genus, description.......................................... 73
prima, new species, description ................................ 73
Masicera (?), maggots, uterine............................................. 117
parasite of Euproctis chrysorrha a................................ 101
two species, eggs. uterine..................................... 116
Maskellia globosa, galls, Eriococcus tricarinatus taken thereon .................. 4
Maytenus sp., food plant of Ceroplastes sanguineus........................... 7
Megalothrips, characters in table........................................... 43
not hitherto recorded from America............................. 39
hosperus in table............................................. 45
new species, description............................. 65-66
Melalopha, alternate host of introduced Tachinidse ........................... 112
inclusa, experiment in parasitization by Zenillia libatrix............ 100
Melons, food plants of Aleyrodes vaporariorum................................. 93
Mem necyclon umbellatum, food plant of Coccus bicruciatus...................... 8
3Mesidia, characters in table............................................... 72
description....................................................... 73-74
mexicana, new species, description.................................. 74
Mesograpta polita found in association with Aphis maidis ..................... 152
Mesolecaniumn inflatum in catalogue of C('occide .............................. 8
Mesua ferrea, food plant of Gymnaspis. spinomarginata......................... 16
Michelia champaca, food plant of Saissetia punctulifera ....................... 10
Micropalpus sp., maggots, uterine........................................... 115
Microphthalma trifasciata, reproductive capacity.............................. 110
Miltogramma conica, larviparous habits......... ............................. 101
Mimnosicerya in catalogue of ('occidae......................................... 2
Mimusops hexandra, food plant of Chrysomphalus malleolus..................... 15
Monophlebinee in catalogue of Coccidae....................................... 2
Monophlebulus townsendi in catalogue of Coccida ............................. 2
.Monophlebus stebbingii mangifere in catalogue of Coccidae.................... 2
Moulton, Dudley, paper, "A Contribution to our Knowledge of the Thysanoptera of California".............................. 39-68
".The Orange Thrips"............................. 119-122
Mullein, wild, food plant of Trichothripsfemoralis ............................. 62,68
Murraya exotica, food plant of Chrysomphalus quadrielavatus .................. 15
Mustard. (See Brassica nigra.)
Myiocnema, characters in table............................................ 72
reference to original description...... ............................ 69
pallida, reference to original description, host.................... 69







INDEX. 191


3fyristicafragrans, food plant of Aon idia javanensis ........................Pag16
Para leca nba n e'xpuans~ i' eta ilievi, ------- 9 moschata, food plant of S'aissetia psidii............................-10
3iyrtacew, food plants of .1fesolecanitti inflatitm...............................-- 8
Mytilaspis b icorn is =Lep idosaphes b icorni -----------------------------------.17
cassin i.x=Lepidosaphes cassi x ----------------------------------- .17
citricoIa = Lepidosaphes beckii................................----80.,84
*ficfoii=Lepidosaphes ficifolii................................... 17
in terinedia var. v'ictori&i= Lepidosaphes in term C(Iia cictorix...............17
nutitipora =Lepsidosa ples )nillt ipoca.............................. 17
pallets =Lep idosa ples pa liens................................... 87
wilga=Lepidosa ples ttilga...................................... 17
(!2occoinytilus, hiwevantherx=Lepidosapc.5 hyiienan therx ............17
MJytilella in catalogue of Coccid& ........................................ 16
Myzius achyrantes. generations. number produced experimenta 11 v.............. 128
Nephrolepis, foo0( plant of Aleyrodes -neplirolepidis ........................... 93
Nothopegia colebrooliana, food plant of ( Cccis bicciiciatas..................... 8
Nutmeg, food plant of Coccus incis's ......................................8
IParalecanhii e.'-panst in q'iwao a........................9
A'yssa sVivatica, food plant of ('hionaspis sylvatica ............................ 11
Oak, scrub. (See Qiiercus duinaosa.)
Odonaspis pen icillata in catalogue of CovcidT -------------------------------- 16
(Ecophylla si(ragdifla, association within Sa issetia ps idii ....................... 10
Oleander articulata. food plant of Aleyro'Ies fihicill/1 ........................... 94
Onion, food plant of Thrips tabaci .................................... 159. 68
Opuntiaspis javanensis in catalogue of Coccida .............................. 18
Orange (see also Citrus attrantiii'.
Aleyrodidoe infesting it........................................... 90
food plant of Aleyrodes citri ...........................................174
nitbifera ........................................173
Heliothrips fascatits ...............................352. 67
orange thrips (Etttir ip.3 citrici.......................... 19-122
IParaieyrodes persca'......................................173
Psevdococcits lilacinii................................. 5
Oranges, injury by Eitthrips tritici ....................................... 40
Orchids. food plants of Eitthrips orchidii................................. .53,67
( Vanda hookeriana and I'anda feces). food plants of Parlatoria pseudaspidiots .................................................... 18
Oroflirips, characters in table............................................ 42
new genus, description.........................................4-5
kelloqgii, food plants.........................................46.,67
in blossoms of iaznita, and inadroia ................... 41
table............................................. 43
new species, description .............................. 45-46
Or! hezia gala pagoensis in catalogue of Coccidve .............................. 3
olivacea in catalogue of Coccidee ................................... 3
soiidagilis in catalogue of Coccidee................................-- 3
sp., host of tCales noacki .............. ........................... 82
Ortheziinoe in catalogue of Coccidae........................................ 2
Oryza sahira. food plant of Chionaspis decurvata.............................-- 11
Oxalis, food plant of Aphis maidis........................................ 145
stricta, food plant of Aphis niaidi-radicis............................. 124
Oxycoccus. (See Cranberry.)
63054 012-3







192 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Pachyneuron maidaphidis, parasite of Aphis raidis ............................ 153
Pales parida, eggs, uterine................................................ 109
life-history notes ....................................... 99-100, 101
sp., near pavi'da, habits, parasite of Porthetria dispar .................... 107
"Palo de Gusano," food plant of Aleyrodes sp............................... 74
Panicum, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis .................................. 124
Cus-galli, food plant of Aphis maidis............................. 145
Sipha fiava................................ 157
proliferum, food plant of Aphis maidis ........................... 145
sanguirnale, food plant of Sipha lfaa ............................... 157
Panzeria sp., maggots, uterine.............................................. 115
Parach ta sp., eggs, uterine................................................ 116
Paralecaniumh calophylli in catalogue of Coccid ............................. 9
e.rpan4umw jaranicum in catalogue of Coccide.................... 9
metallic m in catalogue of Coccide ................... 9
qiu adratum in catalogue of Coccid(a ................... 9
rotundum in catalogue of Coccidx.................... 9
peradeniyenve in catalogue of Coccidw .......................... 9
zonatum in catalogue of Coccidw .............................. 9
Paraleyrdes,. new genus, description...................................... 169-170
perses, adult, description.............. ..................... 172-173
description, revised.................................. 170-173
egg. description....................................... 170
food plants........................................... 173
host of Encarsia rariegata............................... 173
larva, fist stage, description ............................ 170
pupa case. description ............................... 170-172
Parastigena segregata. eggs, uterine......................................... 108
life-history notes................................... 105--106
parasite of Porthetria dispar ......................... 106
'Pareclor.ista c edontX eggs, ovarian and uterine............................ 108,109
importance as parasite of Euproctis chrysorrl- a.......... 118
life-history notes....................................... 97-99
parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhea .................... 95. 97-98
perhaps larviparotus................................... 102
reproductive capacity................................. 109
Parlatoria atalantir in catalogue of Coccida .................................. 18
per'gandei phyllanthi in catalogue of ('occide ....................... 18
pseudaspidiotus in catalogue of Coccide ............................ 18
Parthenothrips. characters in table......................................... 43
drac nw., food plant........................................ 57,67
in tab)le.......................................... 44
on Dracana........................................ 57
Pawpaw. (See Asimina triloba.)
Peach, food plant of Alegrodes pergandei ................................. 94
Diaspis squamnosus..................................... 11
Pear, food plant of Diaspis squamosus.................................... 11
Euthrips pyri......................................... 54,67
Pea vines, food plants of HIeliothripsfasciatus ............................. 52, 67
Peleteria spp., maggots, uterine.......................................... 115
Perissopterus. characters in table........................................... 72
table of species............................................. 86-87
busckii, characters in able......... ............................ 87







INDEX. 193

Page.
Perissopterus busckii, new species. description ............................... 87-88
capillatus. characters in table.................................. 86
new species, description............................ 87
javensis. characters in table................................. 87
new species, description ............................ 88
mexicanus, characters in table ................................ 87
noumeansis, characters in table .............................. 86
new species, description ......................... 87
pulchellus, characters in table ............................... 87
Persea (see also Avocado).
carolinensis. food plant of Paraleyrodes perse ...................... 169, 173
Persimmon (?), food plant of Paraleyrodes perse ............................ 173
Phenacaspis bupleuri in catalogue of Coccide............................... 12
ceratonie in catalogue of Coccide.............................. 12
strobilanthi in catalogue of Coceide ............................ 12
Phenacobryum =Antecerococcus ........................................... 3
in catalogue of Co cid ....................................... 3
Phenacoccus aceris. Pseudococcus rogabunidus a synonym ...................... 5
xsculi,. Pseudococcus cagabundus a synonym ...................... 5
cockerelli in catalogue of Coccide. .............................. 4
kuwanx in catalogue of Coccida ................................. 4
mespili=Phenacoccus pruni ..................................... 5
pruni, Pseudococcus ragabundus a synon ym...................... 5
ripersioides in catalogue of (Coccide............................. 4
Philodendron, food plant of Lecanium insolens .............................. 10
Phlaeothripide, characters in table......................................... 42
Phorocera (?) egg, uterine.................................................. 117
parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhoa ................................ 101
Phragmites, food plant of an aphis......................................... 26
Phyllanthus myrtifolius, food plant of Chrysomphalus taprobanus............... 15
Parlatoria pergandei phyllanthi .......... 18 Targiontia phyllanthi.................... 16
Physcus, characters in table............................................... 72
flavidus, reference to original description, host ....................... 70
Physokermes concolor in catalogue of Coccid e.............................. 10
taxfolia in catalogue of ('occida .............................. 10
Physopus ulicis=Euthrips ulicis............................................ 56
Picea breweriana. Phenacoccus kuwanx taken on lichen thereon................. 4
Pigweed. (See A nmaranthus hybridus.) Pine tar, carbolic acid, and kerosene against autumn horsetly Tabanus suMfrons) .............................. ..................................... 27
Pinus attenuata, food plant of Aspidiotus californicus......................... 13
lambertiana, food plant of Aspidiotus californicus...................... 13
laricis, food plant of Leucaspis corsa ................................ 12
picea, food plant of Leucaspis leonardi.................................. 12
ponderosa, food plant of Aspidiotus californicus........................ 13
florenci .......................... 13
sabiniana. food plant of Aspidiotus californicus........................ 13
Piper belle, food plant of Aleyrodes nubilans ............................... 94
nigrum, food plant of Aspidiotus capsulatus--......................... 13
Coccus marsupialis............................. 8
Paralecanium peradeniyense....................... 9
Pittosporum undulatumn, food plant of Lepidosaphes multipora................ 17







194 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Planchonia delicata==Asterolecanium delicatum................................ 70
Plantago major, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis ........................... 124
rugellii, food plant (f Aphis maidi-radicis........................... 124
Plantain. (See Plantago major and Plantago rugellii.) Plastocharis= Thysanus................................................... 72
Plum, food plant of Aleyrodes pergandei.................................... 94
Euthrips pyri.......................................... 54,67
Polygonum, food plant of Aleyrodes.......................................... 79
incarnatum, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis .................... 124
pennsylvanicum. food plant of Aphis maidis ..................... 145
persicaria. food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis....................... 124
Polyocellaria in catalogue of Coccide ........................................ 2
Pomaderris sp., food plant of Aspidiotus subfervens .......................... 14
Populus euphratica. food plant of Lewcaspis kermanensis ...................... 12
Porthetria dispar. host of Blepharipa scutellata.............................. 95, 118
Carcelia gnara ..................................... 105
Carcelia gnava(?) from Japan ....................... 107
Compsilura concinnata(?) from Japan................. 107
Crossocosmia sp................................. 107,118
Dexodes nigripes................................... 102
Ifemimasicera(?)................................... 107
Pales sp., near paida.............................. 107
Parasetigena segregata............................... 106
Tachina clisiocampr.............................. 106-107
Tachinas,. Japanese ............................. 107, 111
Zygobothria gilva.................................. 105
Zygobothria gilva(?) from Japan .................... 107
Portulaca olerac a, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis ......................... 124
Pothos scandens, food plant of Coccus marsupialis ............................ 8
Prosopothrips vejdovsk:yi, resemblance to Sericothrips reticulatus................ 51
Prospalta. characters in table............................................. 72
reference to original description.................................. 79
berlesi. reference to original description, host..................... 70
maculata, new species, description............................... 79-80
tristis, reference to original description, host ...................... 70
Prune, food plant of Euthrips pyri........................................ 54,67
Prunus spp., Aleyrod(ida infesting them.................................... 94
Pseudaonidia cur uliginis in catalogue of Coccida ............................. 15
Pseudococcus andersoni in catalogue of Coccid ............................... 5
crotonis in catalogue of Coccide................................ 5
dudleyi in catalogue of Coccidae ................................ 5
elongatus in catalogue of Coccide .............................. 5
ephedrx in catalogue of Coccida ............................... 5
lilacinus in catalogue of Coccid ................................ 5
longispinus, host of Coccophagus orientalis ...................... 70
tayabanus in catalogue of Coccidae ............................... 5
vagabundus in catalogue of Coccide ............................. 5
virgatus in catalogue of Coccid ............................... 5
Pseudogermaria sp., eggs, uterine.......................................... 116
Pseudotsuga taxifolia, food plant of Leucaspis kelloggii ........................ 12
Physokermes taxifolitx..................... 10
Psidium (see also Guava).
guava, food plant of Saissetia psidii ................ ............ 10







INDEX. 195

Page.
Pieris quadriolata, food plant of Aleyrods filicitium ............................ 94
Pteroptricini, characters in table............................................ ---------------------------------------71
table of genera, females...................................... -----------------------------------72
Pteroptrix, characters in table.............................................. 72------------------------------------Pulvinaria camellicola, Pseudococcus vagabundus a synonym--------------------.................... 5
coulteri in catalogue of Coccide ---------------------------------................................... 6
gethei in catalogue of Coccide ..................................--------------------------------- 6
grabhami in catalogue of Coccide-.................................------------------------------ 6
betheli in catalogue of Coccide ---------------------------------.................................... 6
maxima in catalogue of Coccide --------------------------------................................... 6
polygonata in catalogue of Coccid ................ ...............------------------------------ 6
psidii philippina in catalogue of ('occid -........................... 7
rehi in catalogue of Coccide ------------------------------------....................................... 7
tyleri in catalogue of Coccide ..................................... 7
vitis opacus in catalogue of Coccide ----------------------------.............................. 7
sorbuse in catalogue of Coccid .............................. 7
verrucose' in catalogue of Coccide ............................ 7
Purslane. (See Portulaca oleracea.)
Quaintance, A. L., paper, "A New Genus of Aleyrodide, with Remarks on Aleyrodes nubifera Berger, and Aleyrodes citri Riley and Howard" ................................ 169-174
"The more Important Aleyrodide Infesting Economic Plants with description of a New Species Infesting the Orange" ........................... 89-94
Quercus dumosa, food plant of Trichothrips ilex dumosa ........................ 668
Ragweed. (See Ambrosia trifida.)
Rearing Tachinide in confinement........................................ ----------------------------------110-111
Rearings and dissections of Tachinide, results therefrom.................... ------------------95-118
Reproductive capacity of Tachinid- ....................................... 109-110
Rheedia lateriflora, food plant of Asterolecanium greeni ......................... 3
Rhizophora mucronata, food plant of Paralecanium expansumn rotundumi ........-- 9
Rhopaloaspis in catalogue of Coccide ....................................... 13
riccx= Leucaspis riccx ......................................... 13
in catalogue of Coccide ................................... 13
Howardia lobulata a synonym ............................. 11
Rhopalosiphum maidis. (See Aphis maidis.) Rice. (See Oryza sativa.)
"Rosal," food plant of Aspidiotus tayabanus ................................. 15
Rosa (see also Rose).
sp., food plant of Pulvinaria coulteri ................................... 6
Rose (see also Rosa).
food plant of Aleyrodes spinifer ......................................... 91
Euthrips tritici ........................................... 40
Rubus (see also Blackberry).
food plant of Sipha rubifolii .......................................... 157
cuneifolius, food plant of Aleyrodes ruborum ........................... 94
fruticosus, food plant of Aleyrodes rubi ................................. 94
sp., food plant of Aleyrodes rubicola ................................... 94
spp., Aleyrodide infesting them ...................................... 94
trivialis, food plant of Aleyrodes ruborum................. ............---------------------------- 94
Rurnmex altissimus, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis ........................... 124
crispus, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis ............................... 124
Sage, California. (See Artemisia californica.)







196 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Sagittaria leaves, place of oviposition of Tabanus stylgus .................... 28
Saissetia discrepans in catalogue of Coccidae .................................. 9
hemispherica, host of Coccophagus flaescens ......................... 70
orientalis .......................... 70
nigra, host of Coccophagus longifasciatus........................... 81
olex, Cryptothrips californicus found under old scales.............. 41, 67, 68
Shot of My~ocnema pallida...................................... 69
psidii in catalogue of C('occid ....................................... 10
punwtulifera in catalogue of C('occide .............................. 10
Sulicricola kermanenis. (See Leucaspis kIrmanensis. Sall.c chilendxs, food plant of Ceroplastes schrottkyi ............................ 7
persica. food plant of Leucaspis kcranens~s........................... 12
zygostemon, food plant of Leucaspis kermanensis ........................ 12
Sambucus, food plant of Asterolecanium pustulans sambuad .................... 3
Sanders, J. G., paper, "Catalogue of Recently Described Coccide" .......... 1-18
Sarcophaga, larviparous habits............................................. 101
Saw-palmetto, food plant of Aspidiotus spinosus ............................ 14
Scale, black. (See Salssetia olew .)
brown apricot. (See Lecan ium armtenIcum.)
San Jose, host of Aphelinusfusciceps ................................... 69
Scale)ia mwcrocephal, food plant of Orthezia galapagoensis ................... 3
Schizura, alternate host of introduced Tachinidw........................... 112
concinaW, experiment in parasitization by Zen illia libatr........... 100
Sericothrips, characters in table............................................. 42
description................................................... 49
apteris, characters in table..................................... 43
description............................................. 49-50
food plant ............................................. 50,67
reticuatus, characters in table.................................. 43
food plants........................................ 51,67
new species, description.............................. 50-51
stanfordli, characters in table................................... 43
food plants......................................... 51, 67
new species, description.............................. 51
Setoria, food plant of Sipha flava ............................................ 157
glaum, food plant of Aphis vnaidi-radics......... .................. 124
maidis .................................. 145
Sipha ftara..................................... 157
riridis, food plant of Aphis vnaidi-radicWs............................. 124
Shade tree, cultivated, food plant of Pulvinara polygonata ................... 6
Silkworm, host of Crossocosmia sericaria .................................... 99
Sipha bignonx, food plants; not a typical Sipha ........................... 157
flarva, bibliography................................................. 167-168
descriptions.......... ..................................... 163-167
distribution.................................................... 157
eggs, description............................................. 167
female, oviparous, adult wingless, description................... 166
after second molt, description ................. 166
third molt, description .................. 166
viviparous, adult winged, description.................... 165
wingles, description ................ 164-165
food plants...................................................... 157
generations, periods and succession........................... 157-159






INDEX. 197

Page.
Sipha flava, lifehistory ................................................... 156-163
male, adult, description........................................ 167
after second molt, description.......................... 166-167
third molt, description.............................. 167
oviparous generation........................................... 161-163
descriptions.............................. 165-167
pupa of winged viviparous female, description ................... 165
viviparous generation......................................... 159-161
descriptions............................ 163-165
rubifolii on blackberry (Rubus); not a true Sipha....................... 157
Sisyropa sp., eggs, uterine................................................ 16, 117
Smartweed. (See Polygonum incarnatum.) Soap washes against orange thrips.......................................... 121
Solidago canadensis, food plant of Orthezia solidaginis........... ......... 3
sp., food plant of Orthezia solidagiis ............................... 3
Sorghum, food plant of Aphis iaidi-radicis.................................. 124
m aidis......................................... 145
Siphaflara........................................ 157
halpense, food plant of Sipha fla ra ................................ 168
Sorrel. (See Oxalis stricta.)
Sphxrococcus pustulans in catalogue of Coccide .............................. 4
Spharganium leaves, place of oviposition of Chrysops mwrcns ................. 38
Spiders, enemies of Tabanus sulcifrons..................................... 27
Spirwx, food plants of Aleyrodesfernaldi ................................... 93
Squash, food plant of Aphis maidi-radi(is .................................... 124
Stictococcus in catalogue of ('occidae .......................................... 7
sjostedi in catalogue of Coccida.................................. 8
Stock, live, hosts of Tabanus suicfrons...................................... 22
virax .......................................... 32
Strawberry, Aleyrodide infesting it.......................................... 93
Strobilanthus sp., food plant of Phenacaspis strobilanth ....................... 12
Styphelia sp., food plant of Ctenochiton serrat us............................. 7
virgata, food plant of Aspidiotus immaculatus ....................... 13
Sugar cane, Aleyrodide infesting it......................................... 90
food plant of Aleyrodes bergi..................................... 70
sp ....................................... 70
Syzygiumn pseudo-jambolanum, food plant of Lepidosaphes ungulata ............ 17
Tabanide, habits and life histories of certain species ........................ 19-38
Tabanus atratus. habits and life history ......................................... 34-36
larva, full-grown. description.............. ............ 35-36
pupa, description......................................... 36
lasiophthalmus, adult. description ................................. 22
habits and life history.............................. 19-22
larva, mature, description........................... 22
pupa, description.................................. 22
stygius, adult, description........................................ 32
habits and life history..................................... 28-32
larva, newly hatched, description........................... 31
pupa, description......................................... 31
sulifrons, adult, description...................................... 23
habits and life history................................... 22-28
pupa case, description................................... 28
rirax, adult, description........................................... 32-33







198 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page.
Tabanus vivax, habits and life history....................................... 32-34
larva, description........................................... 33-34
S pupa, description........................................... 34
Tackardia albizzix in catalogue of Coccide ................................... 6
aurantiaca in catalogue of Coccidae ................................. 6
czrulea in catalogue of Coccide .................................... 6
fici in catalogue of Coccidse ...................................... 6
glomerella in catalogue of Coccidae .................................. 6
sp., host of Perissopterus javensis.................................. 88
Tachardiine in catalogue of Coccidae ......................................... 6
Tachina and allies, reproductive capacity................................... 110
clisiocampa, eggs, uterine.......................................... 108
life-history notes.................................... 106-107
parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhaca and Porthetria dispar.. 106-107 larvarwlum, eggs", uterine............................................. 108
habits.................................................. 106
parasite of Hyphantria cu ea ............................... 112
reproductive habits .................................... 117
utilis, eggs, uterine.............................................. 106
habits...................................................... 106
Tachinas, European, important parasites of Euproctis chrysorrhka'a ........ 112,113, 118
Japanese, egg colonization....................................... 111
eggs, uterine........................................... 108
habits................................................ 106
parasites of Hyphantri( (unea ............................. 112
Porthetria dispar........................... 107
Tachinide, alternate hosts, new, for introduced species................... 112-113
bleaching the puparia......................................... 115
colonization, improvement in method .......................... 111
dissections and rearings, results............................... 95-118
conclusions ..................... 118
of native species, results.......................... 115-117
eggs, uterine, importance of their study....................... 107-109
larviparous habits of certain species.......................... 101-102
probability of extra maggot stage in leaf-ovipositing species........ 101 rearing them in confinement................................... 110-111
rearings and dissections, results............................... 95-118
conclusions....................... 118
reproductive capacity....................................... 109-110
habits, summary................................ 117-118
Tamarix articulata, food plant of Trabutina elastica .......................... 4
Tangerine, food plant of Aleyrodes nubifera.................................. 173
Targionia phyllanthi in catalogue of Coccide............................... 16
subfervens. (See Aspidiotus subfervens.)
Tea plant, food plant of Saissetia discrepans ................................. 9
Terebrantia, characters in table........................................... 42
Theresia tandrec, egg, uterine............................................... 117
Thripide, characters in table................................................ 42
Thrips, characters in table................................................. 43
bremnerii, characters in table........................................ 44
food plant.............................................. 60,68
new species, description.................................. 59-60
grass. (See Euthrips tritici.)






INDEX. 199

Page.
Titrips madro-iii, characters in table ....................................... 44
food plants ............................................... 58, 67
new species, description ................................... 57-58
onion. (See Thrips tabaci.)
orange ...................................................... 119-122
description of female ...................................... 121-122
distribution ................................................ 119
injury, nature and extent .................................. 119-120
life-history notes ........................................... 120
rem edies ................................................... 121
prevalence as affected by soil conditions .................... 120-121
pear. (See Euthrips pyri.)
tabaci, characters in table .......................................... 44
food plants .. ...... ........................................ 59, 68
injury to onion ............................................. 41
Thysanoptera, contribution to a knowledge of those in California ............ 39-68
economic importance ....................................... 39-41
of California, key to genera .................................. 42-43
species ................................... 43-45
suborders and families ................... 42
Thysanus, characters in table ............................................... 72
Tobacco, Aleyrodidee infesting it .......................................... 89-90
extract against tobacco thrips ..................................... 121
Tomato, food plant of Aleyrodes vaporariorur ............................... 93
Townsend, Charles H. T., paper, "A Record of Results from Rearings and Dissections of Tachinid" .......................................... 95-118
Trabutina in catalogue of Coccid- .......................................4
elastica in catalogue of Coccida .................................. 4

Tray, "tanglefooted," use in rearing Tachinide ...................... 96-97, 110, 115
Triachora unifasciata, eggs, uterine ......................................... 116
Tricholyga grandis, eggs, uterine ............................................ 108
habits ................................................. 106
important parasite of Euproctis chrysorrhxa ................ 118
parasite of Hemerocampa leucostigma ...................... 112
Hyphantriacunea............... 112
Trichophora ruficauda. (See Copecrypta ruficauda.) Trichothrips characters in table ............................................ 43
dens, characters in table ........................................ 44
food plant ................................................ 61, 68
new species, description .................................. 60, 61
femoralis, characters in table .................................... 44
food plant ............................................ 62, 68
new species, description .............................. 61-62
ilex, characters in table ........................................ 44
food plant ................................................ 63, 68
injury to Christmas berry (Heteromeles arbutifolia)............ 40-41
new species, description .................................... 62-63
dumosa, characters in table ................................ 44
food plant ........................................ 63, 68
new variety, description .......................... 63
Trionymus hordei in catalogue of Coccide ................................... 4
nanus in catalogue of Coccide .................................. 5







200 MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS.

Page
Triphleps, presumably insidiosus, enemy of Euthrips citri ................... 121
Trixa, larviparous habits ................................................. 101
Tubulifera, characters in table............................................ 42
Typha latifolia, egg mass of Tabanus lasiophthalmus on leaf ................... 19
Ugimya sericaria=Crossocosmia sericari .................................... 99
Uji parasite of silkworm. (See Crossocosmia sericarix.) Ultraccelostoma in catalogue of Coccide ...................................... 2
Vaccinium uliginosum, food plant of Aleyrodes ribiumin (?)....................94
Vanda hookeriana, food plant of Parlatoria pseudaspidiotus .................. 18
teres, food plant of Parlatoria pseudaspidiotus ......................... 18
Varichxta sp., maggots, uterine............................................ 115
Vespa maculata, enemy of Tabanus sulcifrons.............................. 26-27
Vetch, food plant of Euthrips ulicis californicus ........................... 56, 67
wild, food plant of Ieliothripsfasciatus ............................. 52, 67
Viburnum (?), food plant of Aleyrodes eitri ................................... 174
Walnuts, food plants of Euthrips pyri...................................... 54,67
Websteriella atalantim. (See Parlatoria atalanti.) Westwioodia hordes= Trionymus hordes ...................................... 4
Wheat, food plant of Aphis maidi-radicis.................................... 124
Sipha flara.......................................... 157
" Wilga," food plant of Lepidosaphes wilga ................................. 17
Xanthium strumarium, food plant of Aleyrodes sp ........................... 78
Xanthorrhwa, food plant of Lepidosaphes pallens ............................ 87
Xylococcus matumure in catalogue of Coccid .............................. 2
Zenillia libatrix. eggs. uterine.............................................. 109
life-history notes........................................ 100-101
Zygobothria gilva, eggs, uterine............................................ 108
parasite of Porthetria dispar. egg........................... 105
Zygobothria gilva (?) from Japan, parasite of Porthetria dispar ................ 107
nidicola, eggs, ovarian........................................ 108
life-history notes...................................... 105
parasite of Euprolctis chrysorrha'a ....................... 105









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