Ley de minas


Material Information

Ley de minas
Series Title:
Colección jurídica ;
Uniform Title:
Ley de minas (1994)
Added title page title:
Law of mine
Alternate title:
Law of mines
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1 online resource (43 pages)
Cámara de Comercio de la República de Cuba
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Subjects / Keywords:
Mining law -- Cuba   ( lcsh )
Derecho minero -- Cuba   ( bidex )
legislation   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Reverse parallel text in Spanish and English.

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University of Florida
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Table of Contents
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    Ley de minas
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Full Text

This volume was donated to LLMC to enrich its on-line offerings and
for purposes of long-term preservation by

University of Florida Library

Law of Mine
C O IF E ZF01 0 T HF


Law of Mine


0 CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF CUBA Law of Mines a:. Copyright June 2000 ISP'N 959-7149-05-2

iDesign & Co ositio:
89597 14n Amn Larin


RICARDO ALARCON DE QUESADA, President of the National Assembly of People's Power of the Republic of Cuba:

MAKE KNOWN: that the National Assembly of People's Power, in its session of December 21, 1994, corresponding to the fourth ordinary period of sessions of the Fourth LegiSlatLire, has approved the following:

WHEREBY: The Law of Mines and the Law-Decree on the Basis for the New Mining Legislation, which came in force in Cuba on October 10, 1883, have been subject to successive changes which acquired special relevance from 1959 on with the beginning of the basic transformations in our society which led to the assumption by the State of the basic means and instruments of production.

WHEREBY: The Constitution of the Republic of Cuba, in its article 15, paragraph a) establishes that the subsoil, tne mines, the waters and the natural resources both live and not live, within the economic maritime zone of the Republic, among others, are state socialist property belonging to all the people,

WHEREBY: It is necessary to elaborate our Mining Legislation in harmony with the present social-economical reality, to incorporate new institutions, to suppress those which result non-applicable and adopt the most recent contributions of the juridical doctrine in said matter, integrating them to the characteristics and principles of the Cuban society with the pUrpose of promoting and achieving, provided the necessary control by the State, the increase of the geological knowledge of tie country and the most efficient and rational exploitation of its mineral resources, guaranteeing besides the protection of the


environment, the execution of all types ol mining activities and the prevention of any environmental impact related with the same.

WHEREBY: It is also necessary to reelaborate and update in said legal texL the procedures related to the granting of mining concessions, their supervision and control arid the charges derived from the samne.

THEREFORE: The National Assembly of Peopie's Powmer, in use of the attributions granted by paragraph b) of Article 75 of the Constitution of the Republic of Cuba, approves the folowing.

LAW NO. 76




ARTICLE 1: The present law is denominated Law of Mines and has as purposes to establish the mining policy and the juridical regulations of said activity in such a way that they guarantee the protection, the development arid the rational exploitation of the mineral resources serving the interests of the Nation, drawing compulsory directives controlled by the Government officials having to do with the activity.

ARTICLE 2.- For the purposes of the present Law, it will be understood as mineral resources all concentrations of solid and liquid minerals existing in the soil and in the subsoil of the national territory as well as in the sea bottom and subsoil of the economic zone of the Republic, in the extension fixed by the law.


The radioactive minerals and the liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons will be regulated by their specific legislation. The radioactive minerals which constitute accompanying or low quality ore will be ruled additionally by the present Law.

ARTICLE 3: The following definitions are established for the purposes of the interpretation, compliance and application of the precepts of this Law:

Residual Accumulations: Accumulation of solid or liquid material which cannot be exploited in a specific technological process.

Canon: Amount to be paid for the use of any property of the State.

Tails: Non-usable residues of a certain processing, which still contain minerals.

Mineral concentrations: Natural accumulation of minerals.
Rubbish deposits: Leftover materials resulting from the mining work which will be exploitable with the development of an adequate technology.

Slag heap : Heaping places for the refuse residues of a specific metallurgical industrial process; these residues may be used again by applying other industrial processes to extract their components.

Exploration: Group of mining operations, works and labors whose purpose it is to determine the structure of the deposit, the morphology, dimensions and conditions in which the mineral body is lying, the tectonics of the zone containing it, the contents and quality of the mineral(s) existing in it as well as the calculation of the reserves, including the economic evalua-


tion of the deposit and other studies which contribute to its better exploitation.

Exploitation: Group of mining operations, works, constructions and labors destined to the preparation and development of the deposit and to the extraction and transportation of the minerals.

Marine bottom: Sea bed.

Environmental Impa : Degradating consequences for the environment, generated by man's action or that of another element strange to such environment.

Works: Art of exploiting the mines, doing the necessary labors or excavations, fortifying them, arranging transit through them and extracting the usable ores.

Mineral Law: Metal concentration contained in an ore.

Ore: Usable portion of a metallic mineral.

Microlocation: Selection in detail of the soil area subject to leasing.

Mine: Work resulting from the group of both superficial and underground excavations and installations made for investigation and exploitation of a mineral deposit.

Mining: Art of laboring the group of mines and mining exploitations.

Mineral: Inorganic substance found in the soil and subsoil, and mainly that one whose exploitation offers economic interest

Accompanying mineral: That which, not being the main purpose of the mining action, is present in a deposit and may or may not have specific economic interest.


Main Mineral: That which is the basic purpose of the mining activity within a deposit.

Radioactive Mineral: Mineral containing, among others, elements of the families of uranium and thorium which, due to its concentration, may usually be exploited in the industry.

Mining Operations: The activities performed in the mine with the adequate help of instruments and equipment for the research and exploitation of the mineral.

Processing: Treatment of the exploited minerals in order to raise their quality or useful contents, separate them, purify them, adapt them for consumption or pack them with a view to their use or commercialization.

Technological Process of the Mineral Resource: Phases which extracted minerals go through for their adequate exploitation.

Prosecution: Group of works employing techniques and, methods which have the purpose of searching for signs of mineral concentrations that might constitute deposits.

Reconnaissance: Preliminary works carried out in certain areas, defining zones of interest for prosecution.

Mining Register: Control system containing, among others, the data regarding the rights bestowed upon natural and juridical persons to carry out mining activities.

Mineral Reserve: Quantity of mineral with a specific degree of geological evaluation and pending mining exploitation.

Box or Uncoverinq Roc : Rocky and sterile material which is part of the deposit and which obstructs the extraction of the mineral, on account of which it occasionally must be displaced.


Servitude: Charge imposed upon real estate to benefit another, belonging to a different owner. The real estate in whose favor the servitude was created is called dominant property; he who endures it, servant property.

Subsoil: Portion composed of rocks and minerals lying immediately underneath the ground, regarding which the laws -establish public domain which may be granted by means of concessions for the mining activity.

Soil: Upper layer of the earth surface where the plants are rooted and which constitutes a particular ecologic environment.

Free piece of land: Land which is free and available for performing in it any activity, including the mining activity.

Reduced drilling witness : Reduced portion of a rock or mineral sample extracted by means of drilling, which is kept for research purposes for the time it is decided upon.

Treatment of Residuals: Process of partial or total decontamination of the remnants or refuse from the technological process to which the mineral is submitted.

Deposit : Any natural accumulation of mineral substances in the soil or subsoil which may be used and exploited as a source of raw material and as an energy source, and the concentrations of precious and semiprecious stones and of any other mineral substance whose exploitation may have economic importance.

Zone of interest: Place where geological anomalies, samples or alterations have been found which allow the assumption of mineral presence.


Mineralized Zone: That portion of soil or subsoil with mineral concentrations which may be economically exploited.



ARTICLE 4: The State is entitled to the inalienable and im-prescriptible possession of the subsoil, the mines and all the mineral resources, wher(aver these may be, within the constitutional regulations.

CHAPTER 111111


ARTICLE 5: The Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee, through the Ministry of the Basic Industry, controls the development, execution and application of the mining policy, regardless of the provisions of Article 18 of the present Law.

ARTICLE 6: The Ministry of the Basic Industry has the following attributions for the fulfillment of the provisions of the previous article:

a) To advise the National Assembly of People's Power and
the Council of State in the elaboration of the Mining Policy;

b) to propose to the Council of Ministers or to its Executive
Committee the declarations of reserved mining areas;

c) to control the mining policy by means of development
plans and programs and the promotion of mining at short,
medium and long periods;

d) to promote geological research in the country:


e) to establish rules and control the mining activity, regardless
of the competence granted by the legislation to other bodies from the State Central Administration, and

f) the remaining attributions granted by the legislation in force.




ARTICLE 7: The mining activity is understood to be the group of operations and actions referred to in article 12 of the present Law.

ARTICLE 8: The mining activity is made compatible with the interests of the national defense.

ARTICLE 9: The execution of the mining activity takes into account the competence which the legislation grants the Ministry of Science. Technology and Environment in environmental matters.

ARTICLE 10: The mining activity is declared of public usefulness and social interest, enjoying preference o-,.fer any other use or exploitation of the soil whenever advisable for economic or social reasons.

ARTICLE 11: To carry out the mining activity the concessionaries may be authorized by the Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee to occupy or use goods of state property. In the cases of goods of private property, the special regime of the mining servitude is applied when possible as well as whi-


cheer other alternatives of solution which do not imp!y displacement or affecting possessions enjoyed by a third party. If such alternatives were not successful, the expropriation by force is to be applied, which in its case is presented to the court by the Ministry of the Basic Industry. This procedure, which includes due compensation, is valid for the use of the soil and other goods indispensable for the execution of the mining activity.

ARTICLE 12: To the effects of the enforcement of this Law, the mining activity is divided into the following phases:

a) Reconnaissance

b) Geological Research, divided into sub phases Prospection
and Exploration

c) Exploitation

d) Processing

e) Commercialization


ARTICLE 13: The mining resources are classified to the effects of this Law in the following groups:

Group 1. Non-metallic minerals, employed mainly as construction materials or raw material for the industry and other branches of the economy. This group includes the precious and semiprecious stones.

Group 11. Metallic minerals. This group includes precious metals, ferrous and non-ferrous metals as well as the metallic or non-metallic accompanying minerals.


Group Ill. Energy-bearing minerals.

Group IV. Mining-medicinal waters and muds. Comprises mining industrial, medicinal and mineral waters, thermal waters and mining-medicinal muds.

Group V. Other mineral accumulations. This group includes:

a) Those accumulations made up of refuse of mining activities which turn out to be useful for the exploitation of some components such as tails, rubbish deposits and slag

b) all the mineral accumulations and remaining geological
resources which are not specified in the previous groups
and may be subject to exploitation.




ARTICLE 14: The National Office of Mineral Resources, in the following Mining Authority, is created as an institution with juridical personality attached to the Ministry of the Basic Industry, which is the entity in charge of:

a) Supervising and controlling the mining activity and the rational use of the mineral resources, according to the provisions of the present I-aw and remaining regulations in force, advising the Ministry of the Basic Industry in this matter and the remaining organs of the Central State Administration, regardless of their respective competence;


b) to approve, register and control the mineral reserves,. certifying the degree of preparation of the deposits for their industrial assimilation;

c) to issue the technical opinions about the granting, annulment and extinction of mining concessions, and to supervise the fulfillment of the conditions in which the concession
is granted;

d) to approve, in compliance with this Law, the projects for
the mining exploitation;

e) to keep the Mining Register and updated notations about
mining concessions, reserved mining areas, deposits, mineral manifestations, areas in research and mines in exploitation or abandoned;

to become depositary of the geological and mining information of the Nation;

g) to carry out the state inspection on the natural and juridical
persons executing the mining activity, to verifythe. fulfillment of the agreements and obligations those entities may have committed themselves to, as well as the legal
provisions in force ruling the inspected activity;

h) to control the execution of the plans both for the preservation of the environment and of measures to mitigate the
environmental impact;

i) to keep updated the country's mining statistics, and

j) to participate in the closing of mines and controlling the
closing program measures to be executed.


SECOND SECTIOU OF THE MINING REGISTER ARTICLE 15: In addition to the notations foreseen in article 14, paragraph e) of this Law, the following are registrable in the Mining Register: a) Title which gives place to the concession; b) modifications, extensions, nullity, annulment and extinction
of the concessions;

c) transfer of the concession; d) judicial declarations affecting the granting or use of the

e) mining servitudes. ATICLE 16: The procedure for registration in the Mining Register is the one established in the Bylaws of the present Law, after payment of the duties established in it and in the general tributary legislation.




ARTICLE 17: To the effects of this Law, as Mining Concession, generically denominated Concession in the following, is to be understood the juridical relationship bom of a unilateral governing act temporarily granting a natural or juridical person the right to perform mining activities under the conditions and


with all the rights and obligations determined by this Law and its Bylaws. All the mineral resources listed in article 13 of the present Law are liable of being granted, regardless of the declaration of exclusive reserves of certain minerals on the part of the State.

ARTICLE 18: The Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee grants or denies the mining concessions and organizes as well their annulment and extinction.

ARTICLE 19: The concessions comprise spaces in surface and depth. The limits in surface are measured by hectares and are given by the system of national coordinates of the vertex of the polygon or of the geometrical figure resulting and of the straight line joining the vertexes. The limits in depth coincide with those drawn on the surface. However, the depth is given by the localization of the reserves or the scope of the mining technique.


ARTICLE 20: To the effects of this Law, concessionaries are the natural or juridical persons duly authorized by the corresponding title to exercise one or several phases of the mining activity.

ARTICLE 21: All the concessionaries should fulfill the laws ant others dispositions in force in the Republic of Cuba.

ARTICLE 22: The concessions are of geological research, exploitation or processing. The reconnaissance works do not require the granting of concessions, being object of permits from the Ministry of the Basic Industry.


The reconnaissance permits grant their bearer the faculty of carrying out preliminary works to determine zones of interest for the prosecution, in a non-exclusive form, during their period of validity, with regard to the types of minerals specified in the permit and within the areas described in the same.

The concessions of geological research grant the concessionary the right to execute the works related to the sub-phases of prosecution and exploration, as defined in article 3 of this legalbody.

The concessions for exploitation grant the concessionary the. right to execute the works defined in Article 3 of the present Law, to the appropriation of the authorized minerals and in case it is expressly included in the concession, to their processing and marketing.

The concessions for processing grant the concessionary the right to perform the treatments defined in article 3 of this Law.

ARTICLE 23: The concessions for geological research have a duration period of three (3) years, which may be extended for two (2) more years, counted from the date of granting of the extension.

ARTICLE 24: The concessions for exploitation and processing have a maximum term of twentyfive (25) years, counted from the date of their granting. Said period may be extended by successive periods up to another twentyfive (25) years, when the concessionary demonstrates the possibility to continue exploiting the mineral resources foreseen in the concession, as well as the adequation of the exploitation and processing techniques to modern technologies.

ARTICLE 25: With the extinction of the concessions referred to in article 60-a) of this Law, the rights of the concessionary with regard to the granted parcels come to an end and the


State becomes the owner of the permanent works which may have been constructed in them, without any compensation taking place. In such cases, the state entities have also the right of first option to buy the demountable installations, in case that the title bearer of the concession shows interest in selling.

The State may grant new concessions on the area in question, in which cases the previous concessionary will have preference.

ARTICLE 26: The requests of concessions will be submitted by the interested person to the Minister of the Basic Industry through the Mining authority, and will be burdened with the tax on documents.

The Mining Authority verifies the fulfillment of all the established requirements, preparing file to which he will attach a judgement of his considerations, including the existing informations about geological research already performed or in process of execution and the proposals of decisions to be adopted an the requested areas, which he will send to the Minister of the Basic Industry.

ARTICLE 27: Every request to become title bearer of a mining concession shall contain the following general requirements:

a) The information related to the person requesting as well as
his technical and financial capacity;

b) identification of the mineral resource;

c) area of the requested concession in hectars and its location on the ground, in the system of national coordenates;

d) requested term,
e) purposes aimed at, as we!l as a summary of the works
foreseen to be carried out and their terms of execution;
f) in the case of requests of concessions for exploitation,
processing and smail mining productions, the approval by the Institute of Physical Planning of the micro-location of the investment and the certification by the competent body
on the use and holding of the land, and
g) whichever other facts and precisions may be demandable
according to the provisions of the Bylaws of the present
The requests of permits for reconnaissance will comply with the requirements foreseen in paragraphs a) through e) of the present artice.
ARTICLE 28: The request to be the title bearer of a concession for exploitation shall contain, in addition to the requirements established in article 27, the following:

a) A summary of the main characteristics of the deposit, the
use that will be given to the mineral resource, the reserves approved by the Mining Authority, the works pending realization from the previous stage, as well as the main technical and economic indicators of the investment in question;

b) authentic proof of thle total fulfillment of the obligations
contained in or derived from the concession for the geological investigation, in case it had been previously granted
to the solicitor.

ARTICLE 29: The requeSt to be the t~ile bearer of a concessian for processing shall contain, in addtion to the requiremenits established in article 27, the following.

a) Origin and characteristics of the mineral to be processed .

b) a detailed report on the main characteristics of the plaa;t
which will be used in the technological process to which
the mineral resource will be submitted.

In the cases where the request covers the phase of processing together with that of exploitation, it will be necessary to comply with the requirements established in paragraphs a) and b) of articles 28 and 29, regardless of the general requirements contained in article 27.

ARTICLE 30: The request to be the title bearer in a small mining production shall contain, in addition to the requirements established in article 27, the following:.

a) A report of the mining activities to be performed, subdividing them into: works, schedule of works and final destination of the mineral; and

b) authentic proof of the total fulifillmoant of the obligatior~s
contained in or derived fromn the concession for the geological research, in case it had been previously granted to
the solicitor.
ARTICLE 31: The concessionaries pay the State the orice established for the informations of state property existing on geological research already performed or in process of execution.

Trhe form of recovery of the expenses Caused by these works will be determined in the Bylaws of the present Law.


ARTICLE 32: Once the requirements referred to in the preceding Articles have been fulfilled, the Minister of the Basic Industry will issue his judgement to the Council of Ministers or to its Executive Committee on the convenience of granting or
-denying the concession to the solicitor, with whichever other pronouncements may be necessary, having heard the criteria of the local organs of People's Power, and orders in case of concession its registration in the Mining Register. The following rules will be observed for the granting:

1. The title bearer of a concession of geological research has
the right to obtain within the area investigated the concession to exploit and process the explored minerals, provided he has fulfilled all the requirements and obligations belonging to the previous concessions.

2. If the title bearer did not make use of his previously expressed right within the term established by the Bylaws of this Law, the areas in question will be considered free and
subject to concession.

3. If more than one request relative to the same free parcel
were to be presented, the concession will be granted to the solicitor presenting the most convenient proposal to the
State's interests.

ARTICLE 33: All the requests to be presented in conformity with this Law may be withdrawn at any time before the requested concession is granted. However, in case the request is withdrawn, the paid burdens remain in favor of the State.

ARTICLE 34: The Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee dictate the provision granting a concession, which contains the bases protecting the decision, the type of concession to which it refers, the identification of the solicitor, the precise limits of the parcel area it refers to, the minerals It compri-


ses, the term for which the right is being granted, the determination, form and moment of payment of the royalty, the quantity of the financial funds to restore the environment and whichever other considerations and conditions result from the analysis of the file, the established mining policy and the legislation in force. Concessions are intransferible without previous and express consent of the grantor.

ARTICLE 35: The requests for enlargement of the areas granted for the execution of mining activities and the requests of extension of the term of concessions will be made and conducted through the same procedure foreseen for the initial request for each concession, with the exception of the facts contained in the file.


ARTICLE 36: The State, through the juridical persons it appoints, may summon tenders for geological research, exploitation, processing and marketing of mineral resources, to carry out a mining activity in the national territory with the purpose of selecting the most favorable proposal, without affecting rights acquired or in process of acquisition.




ARTICLE 37: Concessionaries carry out the mining activity in an uninterrupted form, If due to duly proven force majeure or to the economic conditions in the market, the works were not


started within the terms expressed in articles 42 paragraph a), 43 paragraph a, 44 paragraph a) and 48 paragraph a); or were suspended for a larger period than the one foreseen in article 38 paragraph b), all of this Law, the Minister of the Basic Industry, upon request of the interested party, may extend such terms for a time equalling that of the cause.

ARTICLE 38: Concessionaries may only carry out the authodzed mining activities on the mineral resources consigned in the concession granted. If during its execution another nonauthodzed mineral resource is detected, or the possibility arises of exploiting or processing it according to the case, the concessionary is obliged to inform it within the term established by the Bylaws of this Law through the Mining Authodty to the Minister of the Basic Industry, who submits it, with the corresponding recommendations, to the Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee in order that one of them determine if:

a) It authorizes the concessionary to extend his activities to
the new resource if it were of his.. interest, in which case it shall fulfill the requirements and procedures foreseen in the
present Law or its Bylaws;

b) it stops the authorized activities or part of them if the exploitation of the new resource were in danger and it were of greater interest for the country, assuming the state in that case the compensation to the concessionary for the expenses it would have incurred in, or

c) it resolves any other measure intended to preserve the
mineral resources and look after the country's interests.

ARTICLE 39: With regard to the mineral resource of Group IV established in Article 38, it is forbidden with a general character within the protecting perimeter:


a) To carry out direct or indirect shedding which contaminate

b) to accumulate solid residues, slag or substances, whichever might be their nature and their place of deposit, which constitute or may constitute a danger of contamination or
degradation of these resources; and

c) to carry out other actions upon the surrounding environment which may contribute to its degradation.

ARTICLE 40: The roads built for the service of the mining industry are of public use provided they do not offer danger for human life or for the mining installations, which is determined by the Mining Authority.


ARTICLE 41: All the concessionaries are obliged to:

a) Perform the works based upon a project which thoroughly
explains its purposes and results;

b) inform the Mining Authority about the results of their works,
according to the provisions of the Bylaws of the present

c) preserve adequately the environment and the ecologic
conditions of the area object of the concession, elaborating studies of environmental impact and plans to prevent, mitigate, control, rehabilitate and compensate said impact derived from their activities, both in that area and in the areas
and ecosystems related to those which may be affected;

d) to fulfill the minimum work programs approved in the resolution granting the concession;


e) to carry out the geological research, the exploitation and
the processing of the minerals with technologies and methods which guarantee the evaluation and utilization of
the main and accompanying minerals,

f) to carry out the mining activities exclusively for the purposes they were authorized;

g) to preserve the health and life of the workers applying the
norms of security and work hygiene established by the regulations in force;

h) to establish in the national territory registers which adequately reflect the development of their operations;

i) to allow the state inspection of the mining operations in
their installations, giving the inspectors the information they

j) to hire preferably Cuban personnel to carry out the mining
activity and plan training and qualification programs for the workers, as well as receiving students to carry out study

k) to store and keep the reduced witnesses of drilling, the
primary materials which will be determined and other matedais and information of interest for the mining activity for the term which will be established to that effect in the
Bylaws of the present Law;

1) to pay the canon or the surface right, according to each
case, and remaining taxes and duties in force;

m) to store, during the stages of exploitation and processing,
the low quality or accompanying minerals, the tails, slag heaps and other extracted minerals which might have utilization at a later point;


n) to carry out technical-productive researches and to introduce technological innovations related with the object of their concession, in order to improve the economic efficiency and the utilization of the mineral resources;

o) to remark and retain the limits of the area authorized to
carry out the mining activity, as well as to observe that no other works strange to those duly authorized be carried out
in said area;

p) to control, during the stages of exploitation and processing
and in the small mining, the effectiveness of the process of
treatment of residuals, and

q) to protect the areas and installations for the access of personnel apart from the mining work, and to foresee the
measures for the security in the works and construcUons.


ARTICLE 42: In addition to the general obligations contained in the previous article, the concessionaries of geological research are obliged to;

a) Begin their operations within a maximum term of three (3)
months, counted from the date when the concession was

b) investigate the deposits in a rational and economic way,
taking into consideration the existing antecedents about
the areas to be investigated;

c) to determine the reserves of the main and accompanying
minerals in quantity and quality;


d) to present to the Mining Authority the final report as a result of the geologic research carried out, with all the documentation established by the methodological and technical standards in that regard, including the declaration of the
calculated reserves, and

e) to return the areas which are of no interest to continue
performing the prosecution and exploration works, and at the end of the exploration sub-phase, to return definitely
the areas which will not be subject to exploitation.


ARTICLE 43: In addition to the general obligations established in article 41, the concessionaries of exploitation have the fo*Ilowing obligations:

a) To start the exploitation in a maximum term of two (2)
years, counted from the date of the title;

b) to elaborate and submit to the approval of the Mining Authority the project of exploitation according to the procedure foreseen in the Bylaws of the present Law;

c) to exploit the deposit reserves with minimum losses and

d) to plan and execute the necessary geological investigations to increase the knowledge of the deposit and to guide
the exploitation works;

e) to inform the Mining Authority of the movement in the mineral reserves and the annual mining plan;

f) to utilize as much as possible or store correctly the box
rock or uncovering rock, according to each case, and


g) to plan the necessary works for the restoring or reconditioning of the exploited areas, in the terms established by the local organ of People's Power and the competent authority, according to each case, creating the financial funds required for those purposes.

ARTICLE 44: In addition to the general obligations established in article 41, the concessionaries of processing have the following obligations:

a) To start processing within a maximum term of three (3)
years, counted from the date of the title;

b) to elaborate and submit to the approval of the Mining Authority, according to the procedure foreseen in the Bylaws of the present Law, the project for the processing of the
mining resources;

c) to inform the Mining Authority the annual processing plan;

d) to carry out techn ical productive research to improve the
economic efficiency of the industrial process, and

e) to grant facilities for the processing of the minerals coming
from the small mining productions.

ARTICLE 45: In the exploitation and processing of mineral resources with medicinal purposes for direct human application or consumption, the bearers of the corresponding concessions will guarantee, in addition to the requirements foreseen in the previous articles, the following:

a) Optimum hygienic-sanitary conditions in the execution of
the authorized activities;


b) preservation of the original physical-chemical and bacteriological properties which accredited the mineral resource
until its utilization by the consumer,

c) identification of the product and specification of the time it
will retain said properties; and

d) fulfillment of whichever other conditions may be necessary
to avoid affecting the consumer by their application or use.



ARTICLE 46: By small mining production will be understood every such mining operation which will be made on concentrations of mineral resources considered small deposits, according to the classification foreseen in the Bylaws of the present Law, or that, may be considered as such due to the economic importance of their exploitation.

ARTICLE 47: The articles of this Law will apply for the granting of concessions for exploitation and processing in small mining productions, provided it does not oppose what is foreseen in -the present Chapter. The council of Ministers or its Executive Committee will delegate in the Ministry of Basic Industry the granting or denying of the mining concessions for small deposits of certain minerals and will also order their annulment or extinction.

ARTICLE 48: In addition to the general obligations contained in article 41, the bearers of concessions for small mining productions have the obligation of:

a) Beginning the exploitation in a maximum term of two (2)
years, counted from the date of the title;


b) keeping updated the topographic plans of the granted area and of the executed works; and

c) possessing the minimum geological knowledge required for the exploitation of the mineral resource.




ARTICLE 49: Every concessionary, without affecting the fulfillment of the regulations and requirements foreseen for each case, may:

a) Have access to the mining area through state or private
parcels, and to that end he will use the special mining servitude regime and the most adequate and less harmful way for the proprietor or owner as well as comply with the provisions established in that respect, including the corresponding compensation;

b) to cede or transfer his rights about the concession after
express approval of the licensor;

c) to carry out the necessary constructions for the rational
development of the mining activity; and

d) to use in his mining operations the waters which break out
or appear during said operations or which arise from their



ARTICLE 50: The bearer of a mining concession may request the establishment of servitudes in neighboring parcels belonging to third persons, if necessary for the rational use of the right established,

ARTICLE 51: The servitudes may be voluntary and legal.

ARTICLE 52: The voluntary servitudes are granted by the proprietor of the real estate holding the servitude to the bearer of the concession to his benefit, having listened to the criteria of the authorities in charge of the use of the land, through public deed which Will be registered in the Register in the care of the Mining Authority.

ARTICLE 53: The legal servitudes are granted by the Ministry of the Basic Industry through the Mining Authority, having listened to the opinion of the authorities in charge of the use of real estate, and they comprise those works required in order to have access, ventilation, drainage and possibility of transformation of the minerals.

ARTICLE 54: In all the cases of servitude, the owner of the real estate is entitled to a compensation for the damage caused to it.

ARTICLE 55: The servitudes are extinguished due to:

a) Nullity, annulment or extinction of the concession, and

b) by coming together in one person of both the propeffy ofthe servant and the dominant properties.




ARTICLE 56: Concessions granted without complying with the requirements of the present Law will be null.

ARTICLE 57: The state inspectors of the Mining Authority will be entitled to impose upon the non-relapsing transgressor the measures listed below, whereby the annulment of the concession will be made dependant of its fulfillment:

a) Giving a maximum term for eradication of the violation without calling off the works, or

b) stopping labors until the violation is eradicated, in which
case the economic harm produced by the paralyzation will
be bome by the party committing the violation.

ARTICLE 58: Any concession granted may be annulled because of relapsing in the non-fulfillment of:

a) The terms foreseen in the present Law to begin the geological research, exploitation or processing;

b) the paralization or suspension for more than 7 months of
the works of geological research, or of the exploitation or processing for more than two (2) years, in both cases without the due authorization, or for not renewing them in the
established term;

c) the measures dictated by the state inspectors;

d) the conditions imposed at the moment of granting the concession;


e) the exploitation of a non-authorized mineral resource; f) the non-fulfillment of the measures established for work
and human safety;

g) the rendering of reports or the updating of the registers
showing development of their operations, to which they are obliged according to the Bylaws of this Law and the regulations in force;

h) the works they are obliged to, according to their respective

i) the program for the execution of measures to preserve the
environment, and

j) other causals contained in the provision granting the concession.

ARTICLE 59: The absence of payment of the rights or fees foreseen in the present Law causes imposition of the measures stipulated in the general tributary legislation, with the purpose of obtaining payment. Once all collecting procedures have been undertaken, the concession may be annulled. ARTICLE 60: Causes for extinction of concessions will be: a) The expiration of its terms or of the extension granted; b) the extinction of the juridical personality of the concessionary;

c) the voluntary renounce of its bearer, d) the definite and total closing of the mine.




ARTICLE 61: The closing of a mine may be temporary or definite according to the plan or the possibility renewing or not the exploitation; and total or partial, according to the way in which the ceasing of activities in all or part of the mine is to be regarded.

In every case, the temporary closing of a mine requires the authorization, by a grounded resolution of the Minister of the Basic Industry.

ARTICLE 62: The temporary closing of a mine may take place due to technical, economic, mining-geological or hydrogeological reasons; due to fires, to damage to the environment or others which do notallow to continue with the exploitation of the deposit.

The definite closing may take place by total extraction or by cancellation of the mineral reserves, in the cases where there are no perspectives for their. increase or the technicaleconomic conditions or conditions of mining or environmental security have changed.

ARTICLE 63: To approve the closing of a mine, both temporary or definitive, the concessionary presents the Minister of the Basic Industry, through the Mining Authority, a technical and economic study with the corresponding arguments and the work program with the measures it executes.

ARTICLE 64: In case the closing takes place because of a state interest, the Cuban State will compensate the concessionary as it corresponds.


ARTICLE 65: Once the total or partial closing has been authorized with a temporary character, the concessionary will guarantee during the whole period of closing and until the extinction of the concession:

a) The topographic, geological and mining updating of the
exploited deposit and its presentation to the Mining Authority for its revision and preservation;

b) the preservation works of the mine in such a form that the
mining works may be recommenced;

c) the security measures in the mine and their installations
against possible accidents of persons, fires and averages;

d) the preservation and destination of the existing installations, equipment and materials; and

e) the restoration measures and rehabilitation of the environment.

The state inspectors of the Mining Authority control the fulfillment of the works described in this and the following articles.

ARTICLE 66: For the total or partial closing of a mine with a definitive character, the concessionary presents the Ministry of Basic Industry, through the Mining Authority, with the technical-economic arguments and the closing schedule containing:

a) The updated situation of the mining reserves;

b) in underground mines, the form in which the laboring will
be liquidated, to avoid a possible future damage to the
surface through collapse or settling;

c) the sealing of all access laboring;


d) the use or destination of the surface installations, equipment and materials;

e) the recovery of equipment and materials from the underground mines;

f) the situation of the deposits of tails, rubbish and slag
heaps, and the calculation of the minerals contained or of
the total volume of the deposit, according to each case;

g) the program of restoration of the damaged surface and a
report on the damage caused to the environment, and

h) the use* which could be given to the underground mining
installations or to the quarries.

ARTICLE 67: The authorization from the Council of Ministers or from its Executive Committee shall be required for the definitive closing of a mine.



ARTICLE 68: Every concessionary is obliged to comply with the regulations in force regarding security and work hygiene.

ARTICLE 69: The concessionaries will guarantee the security and work hygiene through the preparation and execution of plans with measures whose contents are contained in detail in the Bylaws of the present Law.




ARTICLE 70: The Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee is the competent organ to declare the Reserved Mining Areas, and therefore the only one in charge of authorizing activities other than those of a geological or mining nature in said zones.

ARTICLE 71: It will be understood as Reserved Mining Area that zone which it will be convenient to preserve on account of the evident prospect of the existence of mineral concentrations, limiting the performance of activities other than those of a geological or mining nature, which may damage the execution of the mining purpose for which said area was preserved

ARTICLE 72: The Ministry of the Basic Industry will undertake the correspriding actions with the Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee to declare the ReservedMining Areas upon request of said Ministry or of the entities related with the development of the mining activity in the country.
ARTICLE 73: The following will be taken into consideration for the declaration of the Reserved Mining Areas:

a) The economic or strategic importance, given the potential
value of the reserves or their effect upon the country's industrial production;

b) the confluence of interests in the area;

c) the human settlements in the chosen area;

d) the existence of protected areas in any of their categories,


e) in the case of the mineral resources in group IV, established in article 13, which may be contaminated or degradated by foreign physical, biological or chemical agents, the area will include the protection perimeter and influence zones which might have a hydraulic connection with the
mineral resource.

The contents of paragraphs b) and c) of the present article are to be coordinated with the Physical Planning office in charge.

ARTICLE 74: The requests of concessions within the Reserved Mining Areas declared by the Council of Ministers will be submitted to the Ministry of the Basic Industry, which will handle them according to the procedures established in this Law and the special requirements established by the Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee in each declaration.



ARTICLE 75: Concessionaries will pay to the State, regardless of the provisions of the general tributary legislation and of whichever other payments of a general nature are established, the canons for the performance of a mining activity and the royalties for the extraction of non-renewable mineral resources established in the present Law.

ARTICLE 76: The State will receive from the concessionaries the following yearly amounts as canons:

a) Two pesos per hector during the sub-phase of prosecution;

b) five pesos per hector during the sub-phase of exploitation;

c) ten pesos per hector during the phase of exploitation.


ARTICLE 77: The amounts listed in the previous article will enter the State Budget and the payments will be made yearly in advance, according to the procedures and collection forms established by the Ministry of Finances and Prices.

ARTICLE 78: Concessionaries for processing will pay the State the price of the surface right established by the Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee when granting the concession, for the area destined to the construction of the processing installations. The Government likewise established the conditions for said surface rights.

ARTICLE 79: When the conditions for the mining exploitation and the realization of production so advise it, the Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee may establish the calculation for the payment of royalties on:

a) The value of the sale of production;

b) the average quarterly quotation registered at world markets
of the mineral products obtained, or

c) the specific value agreed upon.

ARTICLE 80: The State receives the royalty for the exploitation of the mineral resources in the national territory from every concessionary in the percentages established in the provision granting the concession, according to the following scale:



a) The minerals listed in groups a) From 3 to 5%
1, 11 and III except non-metallic minerals employed for construction and those destined to the production of lime, cement
and ceramics

b) Minerals of group IV b) From 1 to 3%

c) Minerals comprised in group c) Upto1%
V as well as the non-metallic minerals employed for construction and those destined for the production of lime, cement
and ceramics

ARTICLE 81: All bearers of concessions for the exploitation of a mineral resource will enjoy the character of passive subjects of the royalties established.

ARTICLE 82: Payment of these royalties will be made in species or in cash, which will be optional for the State.

ARTICLE 83: The calculation of the royalties will be made on the basis of the finished production. Payment will be made in the currency in which the one obliged makes his operations.



ARTICLE 84: The Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee may authorize the concessionaries for exploitation to assign part of the revenue, before imposing the income tax,


to'Tefund those expenses incurred during prosecution and exploration which are accepted as expenses subject to refund.

ARTICLE 85: Concessionaries for exploitation may apply the accelerated depreciation of the investment costs incurred to begin the extraction of the mineral, its processing and the commercialization of the products derived from them, including transportation and cargo means and equipment, in the conditions set by the Ministry of Finances and Prices.

ARTICLE 86: Whenever there exist exceptional conditions which endanger the continuance of the mining operations related with the execution of the mining activity object of the concession, the concessionary may request the Ministry of Finances and Prices in a well-grounded way through the Ministry of the Basic Industry, the total or partial postponement of the payment of the royalty established in the provision granting the concession.

The Minister of Finances and Prices dictates a grounded resolution granting or denying the requested postponement. In the first case, he does so for a period which satisfies the interests of the State Budget and those of the concessionary.




ARTICLE 87: Concessionaries who violate the provisions of the present Law which do not make up causes for annulation or extinction, foreseen in articles 57, 58 and 59, will be imposed a personal or institutional fine according to each case, in


the cases pointed out in the Bylaws establishing the amounts of the fines and the accessory measures to be imposed.


ARTICLE 88: The authorities empowered to verify perpetration of violations and to impose the corresponding fines and measures are, in their respective competence, the State Inspectors of the Mining Authority, those of the local organs of People's Power and the personnel appointed by other competent organs of the State's Central Administration.

ARTICLE 89: The authority empowered to know and solve the actions of appeal opposing the administrative act which has caused to impose fines or measures are, in their respective competence, the Ministers and the Presidents of the corresponding local organs of People's. Power. TRANSITORY PROVISIONS

FIRST: Natural and juridical persons who carry on mining activities at present are obliged to present their request of concessions according to the provisions of the present Law, within a maximum term of one (1) year counted from its promulgation.

SECOND: Once the term foreseen in the preceding provision has elapsed, the rights to continue the performance of the mining activities will expire.

FIRST: No change introduced to this Law may affect the terms and conditions included in the concession, within the term of twenty-five years subsequent to its granting.


SECOND: In the case of gold, the Ministry of the Basic Industry coordinates previously with the National Bank of Cuba the conditions which are to be established for each one of the concessions relative to this metal.

THIRD: The annulment of a concession or the closing of a mine due to any of the causes listed in this Law, as well as the abandonment of the mining activity, do not excuse the concessionaries of the compensations which may correspond to the Cuban State for the damage caused to it as a consequence of such acts, when the concessionary is responsible for their occurrence.

FOURTH: The Council of Ministers or its Executive Commiftee, exceptionally and for justified reasons of interest to the Nation, in coordination with the corresponding organs and bodies, is empowered to establish terms and quantities different to the ones foreseen in the present Law, for the concessions granted.

FIRST: The Council of Ministers or its Executive Committee is in charge of dictating the Bylaws of the present Law.

SECOND: The provisions may be required for the better execution of this Law.

THIRD: The Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, in its character of organ in charge of directing and controlling the'policy aimed at guaranteeing the environmental protection and the national use of the natural resources, is to regulate, evaluate and approve, whenever it corresponds, the activities of environmental dispositions established for this activity, which also includes the realization of the environmental state inspections and the enforcement of the sanctions foreseen in the legislation in force.


FOURTH: The following are revoked and remain without any legal effect or value: the Law of Mines of July 6, 1859; LawDecree on the General Bases for the New Legislation of Mines, of December 20, 1868; Decree 1976, Organic Bylaws for the Cuban Mining, of September 28, 1914; the Law of January 12,1909 proclaimed by Decree 78 of the same date; Decree 55, of January 18, 1915; Decree 716, of January 31, 1915; Decree 447, of April 5, 1916; Decree 622, of April 15, 1918; Decree 869, of May 21, 1918; Decree 1662, of October 22, 1920; Decree 355, of March 18, 1921; Decree 1347, of February 5, 1924; Decree 1370, of August 15, 1928; Decree 768,, of June 7, 1930; Decree 717, of May 26, 1931; Decree 470, of April 12, 1932; Decree 471, of April 12, 1932; Decree 676, of May 19, 1932; Decree 676, of May 19, 1932; Decree 2210, of August 11, 1932; Decree 1073, of April 16, 1941; Decree 2423, of August 30, 1943; Law 617, of October 27, 1959; Law 1196, of July 15, 1966 and whichever other legal provisions and bylaws oppose the particulars established by the present Law.

The present Law will come in force from the date of its publishing in the Official Gazette of the Republic.
GIVEN in the session hall of the National Assembly of People's Power, Palace of Conventions, City of La Habana, on the twentyfirst day of the month of December of year one thousand ninehundred and ninetyfour.

Ricardo Alarc6n de Quesada

Ly be Mi~nas :


Leq be Minas



10CANIARA DE COMERCIO DE LA REPUBLICA DE CUBA Ley de Minas Copyright Junio del 2000 ISBN 9,59-7149-05-2

Diseho ij Reafizacio';v
9 789597 14905 Arniy Larin


LEY NO. 76




ARTiCULO 1. La presented Ley se denomina Ley de Minas y tiene como objetivos establecer la political mineral y las regulaciones juridicas de dicha actividad de mantra tal que garanticen la protecci6n, el desarrollo y el aprovechamiento rational de los recursos minerals en funci6n de los interests de la Naci6n, trazando directives obligatorias controladas por los funcionarios del Gobierno vinculados con la actividad.

ARTfCULO 2. A los effects de la presented Ley se entiende por recursos minerals todas las concentrations de minerales s6lidos y liquids que e)dstan en el suelo y en el subsuelo del territorio national, asf como en el fondo marine y subsuelo de la zona econ6mica de la Repijblica, en la extension que fija la ley.

Los minerals radioactivos y los hidrocarburos l[quidos y gaseosos se rigen por su legislaci6n specific. Los minerals radioactivos que constituyan mena acompahante o de baja ley se riaen 2domAb por la presented Ley.
ARTICULO 3. A los effects de la interpretaci6n, cumplimiento y aplicaci6n de los precepts de esta Ley, se establecen las definiciones siguientes:

Acumulaciones residuals: Acumulaci6n de material s6lido o liquid no aprovechable en un process tecnol6gico d6terminado,


Canory Canfidad que se paga por el diSfrL!te de a1guno propieciad del Est,,060,

Co!.--is- Res!d.L..,,)S 110 aproverlhables de, un determined procesa!"tiento, qpx:, aur continent miner les.
4 1 1 1 a

Con centraci on es de rnineral Acurnulaci6n natural de niinerales.

Escomhreras Cotijunto de sobrantes originados como consecuencia del lahoreo ininero que ser6 aprovechaNe con el desarrolb de una tecnologia consecuente.

Esco.r;ales: Luriares de acuiniulaci6n de los residUOS ("'esechables do un deteimirado process industrial metalorglico; estos resid"los pueden ser reutilizados mediate la aplicaci6n de otras process indUstriales para extraer sus components.

k.xpl.c ,, ci6n: Gonjurito de operations, trabajos y laborers ryiineras que tieneri cowo objetivo !a determinacibn de la estructura del yaciaiiento, a morfologia, dimensions y conditions de yacenc:ia del cuerpo mineral, b tect6nica de la zona qUe lo contiene, el contenido v calidad del o de los minerals existentes en el rnismo, asi conio el c6lculo de las reserves, incluyendo lq evoluado'n e.conornica del yacirniento y otros ostudioc que ayuden a su rneJor explotacj6n.

E p .qtaci&: Conjunto de operations, obris, trabajos y labores, miners deshnado !,a preparaci6n y desarrollo dol v.jCjmiento y a la extrac66, y transportation de los minerals.

Fondo rnarino. Lecho dol mar.

Irn.pacto '- awbientq Conse ;uencias degradantes para el medic arnbiente que genera la acci6n dol hornbre u otro element ajeno o dicho medio,


Laborers: Arte de explotar las minas, hacienda. las laborers o excavaciones necesarias, fortific6ndolas, disponiendoel. transito por ellas y extrayendo las menas aprovechabl6s.

Ley del mineral: Concentraci6n de metal contenido en una mena.

Mena: Porci6n Otil de un mineral metalifero.

Microlocalizaci6n: Selecci6n en detalle del drea del terreno. objeto, de la concesi6n.

Mina: Obra resultant del conjunto de excavaciones e instalaciones superficiales y subterrdneas que se realizan para la investigation y la explotaci6n de un yacimiento mineral.

Mineria: Arte de laborer el conjunto de las minas y explotaciones miners.

Mineral: Sustancia inorginica que se halla en el suelo o en el subsuelo, y principalmente aquella cuya explotaci6n ofrece interns econ6mico.

Mineral acompahant : Es aquel que no siendo el objeto principal de la acci6n mineral se encuentra presented en un yacimiento, y puede tener o no determined intends econ6mico.

Mineral principal: Es aquel que constitute el objeto bAsico de la actividad mineral dentro de un-yacimiento.

Mineral radioactive: Mineral que contiene, entre otros, elementos de la familiar del uranio y del torio, que por su concentraci6n generalmente puede ser aprovechado en la industrial.

Operaciones miners: Son las actividades que s6 realizan en la mina con ayuda de instnimentos y equips apropiados para la investigation y explotaci6n del mineral.


Procesaftento: Tratamiento de los minerals explotados para elevar su calidad o contenido 6til, separarlos, purificarlos, adecuarlos para el consume o envasarlos con vistas a su uso o comercializaci6n.

Process tecnol6aico del recurso mineral: Fases por [as que atraviesan los minerals extraidos para su adecuado aprovechamiento.

Prospecci6n: Conjunto de trabajos con empleo de t6cnicas y m6todos que tienen como ob etivo la b6squeda de indicios de concentrations minerals que pudiera constituir yacimientos.

Reconocimiento: Realizaci6n de trabajos preliminaries en determinadas dreas, definiendo zonas de interns para la prospecci6n.

Registry miners: Sistema de control en el que figuran, entre otros, los datos relatives a los derechos concedidos a personas naturals y juridicas para realizer actividades miners.

Reserve del mineral: Cantidad de mineral con un deten-ninado grado de evaluaci6n geol6gica y pendiente de explotaci6n mineral.

Roca de caia o de destape: Mineral rocoso y est6ril que forma parte del yacimiento y que obstaculiza la extracci6n del mineral, por lo que en occasions tiene que ser removido.

Servidumbre: Es un gravamen impuesto sobre un inmueble en beneficio de otro, perteneciente a distinct duefio. El inmueble a cuyo favor estd constituida la servidumbre se llama predio dominate; el que [a sufre, predio sirviente.

Subsuelo: Porci6n compuesta por rocas y minerals que se encuentra inmediatamente por debajo del suelo, sobre el cual


las leyes establecen el dominion p6blico que puede ser otorgado mediate concessions para la actividad mineral.

Suelo: Capa superior de la superficie terrestre en las cuales estin enraizadas las plants y que constitute un medio ecol6gico particular.

Terreno franco: Terreno libre y disponible para efectuar en dste cualquier actividad, incluyendo la mineral.

Testigo reducido de Perforaci6n: Porci6n disminuida de una muestra de roca o mineral extraida por medio de la perforaci6n y que se conserve con fines investigations durante el tempo que se determine.

Tratamiento de los residuals: Proceso de descontaminaci6n partial o total de los remanentes o desperdicios del process tecnol6gico a que se somete el mineral.

Yacimiento: Cualquier acumulaci6n natural de sustancias minerales en el suelo o en el subsuelo, que pueda ser utilizado y explotado como fuente de material prima y como fuente de energia, y las concentrations de piedras preciosas y semipreciosas, y de cualquier otra sustancia mineral cuya explotaci6n tenga importance econ6mica.

Zona de interns: Lugar donde se han localizado anomalies, muestras o alteraciones geol6gicas que permiten presumir la eistencia de minerals.

Zona mineralizada: Es aquella extension del suelo o subsuelo en la que se encuentran concentrations de mineral de aprovecharniento econ6mico.




ARTfCULO 4. Al Estado le corresponded el dominion inalienable .e imprescriptible del subsuelo, las minas y toclos los recursos minerals, donde quiera que dstos se encuentren, dentro de las regulations constitucionales.



ARTICULO 5. El Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo, a travft del Ministerio de la Inclustria Msica, control el desarrollo, ejecuci6n y aplicaci6n de la political mineral, sin peduicio de lo establecido en el Articulo 18 de la presented Ley.

ARTICULO 6. Para el cumplimiento de lo que se dispose en el articulo anterior, el Ministerio de la Inclustria Bdsica tiene las atribuciones siguientes:

a) Asesorar a la Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular y al
Consejo de Estado en la elaboraci6n de la Politica Minera;

b) proponer al Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo las
declaratodas de 6reas miners reservaclas;

c) controlar la political mineral, mediate planes y programs
de clesarrollo y foment miners a corto, median y largo

d) promoter la investigation geol6gica en el pais;

e) Reglamentar y controlar la actividad mineral, sin perjuicio
de !as competencias que la legislaci6n les confiere a otros
organisms de la Administraci6n Central del Estado; y

f) las dem6s que se le otorguen en la legislaci6n vigente.




ARTfCULO 7. Se entiende por actividad mineral el conjunto de operations y acciones a que se refiere el Articulo 12 de la presented Ley.

ARTfCULO 8. La actividad mineral se compatibiliza con los interests de la defense national.

ARTiCULO 9. La ejecuci6n de la actividad mineral tiene en cuenta la competencia que la legislaci6n le confiere al Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnologia y Medio Ambiente en asuntos arnbientales.

ARTiCULO 10. Se declare de utilidad p6blica e interns social la actividad mineral, la que goza de preference sobre cualquier otro uso o aprovecharniento del terreno siernpre que razones econ6micas o socials lo hagan recommendable.

ARTiCULO 11. Para realizer [a actividad mineral los concesionarios pueden ser autorizados por el Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo a ocupar o utilizar bienes de propiedad estatal. En los casos de bienes de propiedad privada se aplica, cuando es possible, el regimen especial de las servidurnbres miners, asi corno cualesquiera otras alternatives de


soludon que no impliquen el clesplazarniento o la afectaci6n de posesi6n disfrutada por un tercerc. Si dichas alternatives no tuvieran 6xito, debe aplicarse la expropiaci6n forzosa, la cual, en su caso, es promovida ante los tribunals por el Ministerio de la Inclustria 136sica. Este procedimiento, que include ]a debida indemnizaci6n, es v6lido para el uso del suelo y de otros bienes indispensable a la ejecuci6n de la activiclad minera.

ARTiCULO 12. Para los effects de aplicaci6n de esta Ley, la activiclad mineral se divide en las siguientes fases:

a) Reconocimiento.

b) Investigaci6n geol6gica, que se divide en [as subfases
prospecci6n y exploraci6n.

c) Explotaci6n.

d) Procesamiento.

e) Comercializaci6n.


ARTICULO 13. Los recursos minerals se clasifican a los effects de esta Ley, en los groups siguientes:

Grupo 1. Minerals no metdlicos, utilizaclos fundamental mente como materials de construction o material prima para la inclustria y otras ramas de la economic. En este grupo se incluyen bs piedras preciosas y semipreciosas.

Grupo 11. Minerals met6licos. Este grupo incluye los metals preciosos, los metals ferrosos y no ferrosos, as! como los minerals acompafiantes met6licos o no me,"dlicos.

Grupo Ill. Minerals portadores de energia.

Grupo IV. Aguas y fangs minero-medicinales. Comprende las aguas minero-industriales, minero-medicinales, minerals naturals, las terminals y los fangs minero-medicinales.

Grupo V. Otras acumulaciones minerals. Este grupo include:

a) Las acumulaciones constituidas por residues de actividades miners que resulted Otiles para el aprovechamiento de a1gunos de sus components tales corno colas, escombreras y escoriales; y

todas las acumulaciones minerals u dem6s recursos geol6gicos que no est6n especificados en los anteriores groups y puedan ser objeto de explotaci6n.




ARTfCULO 14. Se crea la Oficina Nacional de Recursos Minerales, en lo adelante la Autoddad Minera, como instituci6n con personalidad juridica, adscrita al Ministerio de la Industria 136sica, que es la entidad encargada de:

a) Fiscalizar y controlar la actividad mineral u el uso rational
de los recursos minerals, segOn lo dispuesto en la presente Ley y dem6s disposiciones vigentes, asesorando al Ministerio de la Industria 136sica en esta material, y a los demcis organisms de la Administraci6n Central del Estado, sin prejuicio sin perjuicio de sus respectivas competencias;


b) aprobar, registrar y controlar las reserves minerals, certificando el grado de Dreparaci6n de los yacimientos para su
asimilaci6n industrial;

c) emitir los dictimenes t6cnicos sobre el otorgamiento,
anulabiliclad y extinci6n de concessions miners, y fiscali-'
zar el cumplimiento de las concliciones bajo [as cuales se
otorg6 la concesi6n;

d) aprobar, de conformidad con esta Ley, los proyectos de
explotaci6n mineral;

e) Ilevar el Registro Minero y mantener actualizaclas las
anotaciones sobre concessions miners, cireas miners resemadas, yacimientos, manifestaciones minerals, dreas
en investigation y minas en explotaci6n o abandonadas;

f) constituirse en depositado de la informaci6n geol6gica y
mineral de la Naci6n;

g) ejercer la inspecci6n estatal sobre las personas naturals
y jurfdicas que ejecuten la activiclad mineral, para comprobar el cumplimiento de los acuerclos y obligaciones a que se hayan comprometiclo dichas enticlacles, asi como de las disposiciones legalese vigentes que rijan la activiclad que se

h) controlar la ejecuci6n de los planes de preservaci6n del
medio ambience y de las mediclas para mitigar el impact

i) mantener actualizaclas las estadisticas miners del pais; y

j) participar en el cierre de minas y controlar las medidas del
program de cierre que se ejecuten.



ARTICULO 15. Son inscribibles en el Registro Minero, adem6s de las anotaciones previstas en el Articulo 14, inciso (e) se esta Ley, las siguientes: a) Titulo por el que se otorga la concesi6n; b) modificaciones, pr6rrogas, nuliclad, anulaci6n y extinci6n
de las concessions;

c) transferencia de la concesi6n; d) declaraciones.judiciales que afecten el otorgamiento o
disfrute de la concesi6n; y e) serviclumbres miners. ARTICULO 16. El procedimiento para la inscripci6n en el Registro Minero es el establecido en el Reglamento de la presente Ley, previo el pago de los gravdmenes que en el mismo y en la legislaci6n tributana general se establezcan.




ARTfCULO 17. A los effects de esta Ley se entiencle por Concesi6n Minera, que en lo sucesivo se denomina gendricamente Concesi6n, [a relaci6n juridica nacida de un acto gubernativo unilateral por el que se otorga temporalmente a una persona natural o juridica el derecho de realizer activida-


des miners, bajo las conditions y con todos los derechos y obligaciones que esta Ley y su Reglamento determinant. Todos los recursos minerals que se relacionan en el Articulo 13 de la presented Ley son concesibles, sin perjuicio de la declaraci6n de reserves exclusives de determinados minerals por parte del Estado.

ARTICULO 18. El Consejo de Ministros o su Comitd Ejecutivo otorga o deniega las concessions miners y dispose tambi6n su anulaci6n y extinci6n.

ARTfCULO 19. Las concessions comprenden spacious en superficie y profundidad. Los limits en superficie se miden por hectdreas y estin dados por el cisterna de coordenadas nacionales de los vortices del poligono o de la figure geom6tdca que resulted y de [a linea recta que una los vortices. Los limits en profundidad coincided con los sefialados en la supefficie. No obstante, la profundidad estd dada por la localizaci6n de las reserves o el balance de la t6cnica mineral.


ARTfCULO 20. Son concesionarios, a los effects de esta Ley, las personas naturals o juridicas debidamente autorizadas para el ejercicio de una o varies fases de la actividad mineral por el correspondent titulo.

ARTiCULO 21. Todos los concesionarios quedan sometidos a las leyes y dem6s disposiciones vigentes en la Rep6blica de Cuba.

ARTICULO 22. Las concessions son de investigation geol6gica, de explotaci6n o de procesamiento. Los trabajos de reconocimiento no requieren del otorgamiento de concessions,


siendo objeto de permisos por el Ministerio de la Industria 136sica.

Los permisos de reconocimiento conference a su titular la facultad de Ilevar a cabo trabajos preliminaries para determiner zonas de intends para la prospecci6n, en forma no exclusive, durante el period de su vigencia, con relaci6n a las classes de minerals especificados en el permiso y dentro de las 6reas descritas en el mismo.

Las concessions de investigation geol6gica dan derecho al concesionario para la ejecuci6n de los trabajos relatives a las subfases de prospecci6n y exploraci6n, segOn se define en el Articulo 3 de este cuerpo legal.

Las concessions de explotaci6n dan derecho al concesionario para la ejecci6n de los trabajos definiclos en el Artfculo 3 de la presented Ley, a la apropiaci6n de los minerals autorizados y, en caso de incluirse expresamente en la concesi6n, a su procesamiento y comercializaci6n.

Las concessions de procesamiento clan derecho al concesionario para realizer los tratamientos definidos en el Articulo 3 de esta Ley.

ARTICULO 23. La duraci6n de las concessions de investigaci6n geol6gica es de tres (3) ahos, prorrogables por dos (2) ahos mis, contados a partir de la-fecha del otorgarniento de la pr6rroga.

ARTICULO 24. Las concessions de explotaci6n y de procesamiento tienen un t6rmino m&Amo de veinticinco (25) afios, contaclos a partir de la fecha de su otorgamiento. Dicho t6rmino puede ser prorrogado por periods sucesivos, hasta otros veinticinco (25) ahos, cuando el concesionario demuestre la posibiliclad de continual explotando los recursos minerals previstos en [a concesi6n, asf como la adecuaci6n de las t6c-


nicas de explotaci6n y procesamiento a moderns tecnologfas.

ARTICULO 25. Con la e)dinci6n de las concessions, a que se refiere el Articulo 60 (a) de esta Ley, cesan los derechos del concesionario respect a las parcels concedidas, y pasan a ser propiedlad del Estado las obras permanentes que en ella hayan sido construidas, sin que medie indemnizaci6n a1guna. En tales casos, las entidades estatales ostentan ademcis el derecho de primer opci6n de compra de las instalaciones desmontables en el caso de que el titular de la concesi6n se muestre interesado en vender.

El Estado puede otorgar nuevas concessions sobre el drea de que se trate, teniendo preference en dicho caso el concesionario anterior.


ARVCULO 26. Las solicitudes de concessions se presentan por el interesado a[ Ministro de la Industria E36sica, por conducto de la Autoridad Minera, y estdn gravadas con el impuesto sobre documents.

La Autoridad Minera comprueba el cumplimiento de todos los requerimientos establecidos, conformando un expedience a[ que adjunta un dictamen con sus considerations, incluyendo las informaciones e)dstentes sobre investigations geol6gicas ya realizadas o en process de ejecuci6n y las propuestas de decisions a adopter sobre las dreas solicitadas, que remote al Ministry de la Industria 136sica.

ARTICULO 27. Toda solicited para ser titular de una concesi6n mineral debe contender los requisites generals siguientes:


a) Los datos relatives al solicitante, asi como su capacidad
t(?cnica y financier;

b) identificaci6n del recurso mineral;

c) drea de la concesi6n que se solicit en hectdreas y su
ubicaci6n en el terreno, en el sistema de coordenadas nacionales;

d) brmino por el que se solicit;

e) los objetivos que se persiguen, asi coinc un resume de
los trabajos que se prev6 reaiizar y sus plazos de ejecuci6n;

en el caso de las solicitudes de concessions de explotaci6n, de procesamiento y de las pequehas producciones miners; la aprobaci6n por el Instituto de Planificaci6n Fisica de la microlocalizaci6n de la inversion y la certificaci6n del organism competence sobre el uso y tenencia de la
tierra; y

g) cantos otros datos y precisiones sean exigibles seg6n lo
dispuesto en el Reglamento de la presented Ley.

Las solicitudes de permiso para reconocimiento, cumplirdn los requisites previstos en los incisos (a) al (e) del presented articulo.

ARTfCULO 28. La solicited para ser titular de una concesi6n de explotaci6n debe contender, adem6s de los requisites establecidos en el Articulo 27, los siguientes:

a) Un resume de las principles caracteristicas del yacimiento, el uso que se darci al recurso mineral, las resewas aprobadas por la Autoriclad Minera, los trabajos que estOn penclientes de realizer de la etapa anterior, asi corno los


principles indicadores t6cnicos y econ6micos de la inversi6n en cuesti6n; y

b) prueba fehaciente del cumplimiento total de las obligaciones conteniclas o derivaclas de la concesi6n para la investigaci6n geol6gica, en caso cle haber sido otorgada previamente at solicitante.

ARTiCULO 29. La solicited para ser titular de una concesi6n de procesamiento debe contender, ademAs de los requisites establecidos en el Articulo 27, los siguientes:

a) Procedencia y characteristics del mineral a procesar; y

b) informed detallado cle !as principles caracteristicas de la
plant a utilizar en el process tecnol6gico a) que se someter6 el recurso mineral.

En los casos en que, la soliciflud cubra la fase de procesamiento conjuntamente con ia de explotaci6n, es necesario el cumplimiento de los requisites establecidos en los incisos (a) y
(b) de los articulos 28 y 29, sin perjuicio de Ics generates contends en el Articulo 27.

ARTfCULO 30. La solicited para ser fitular do una concesi6n' en una pequefia producci6n mineral debe contender, adem6s de los requisites establecidos en el Articulo 27, los siguientes:

a) Un informed de !as activiclades rnineras a realizer, desglosbndolas por trabajos, programs de ejecuci6n y destiny
final del mineral; y

b) prueba fehaciente del cumplimiento total de las obligaciones conteniclas en o derivadas de la concesi6n para la investigaci6n geol6gica, en caso de haber sido otorgada
previamente at solicitante.


ARTiCULO 31. Los concesionarios pagan al Estado el precio establecido por ]as informaciones de propiedad estatal que existan sobre investigations geol6gicas ya realizadas o en process de ejecuci6n.

La forma de resarcimiento de los gastos ocasionados por estos trabajos se deterrnina en el Reglamento de la presented Ley.

ARTiCULO 32. Cumplidos los requisites a que se refieren los articulos precedents, el Ministro de la Industria 136sica emite dictamen al Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo sobre la convenience de otorgar o denegar la concesi6n al soNcitante, con cantos otros pronunciamentos procedan, oidos los criterion de los 6rganos locales del Poder Popular, y ordena en caso de otorgamienLO SU inscnpci6n en el Registro Minero. Para el otorgamiento, se observant las siguientes reglas:

1. El titular de una concesi6n de investigation geol6gica tiene
el derecho de obtener dentro del 6rea investigada la con:cesi6n de explotacion y procesamiento de los minerals explotados, sienipre y cuando hubiera cumplido todos los requerimientos y obligaciones inherentes a las concesiones anteriores.

2, Si el titular no hiciera uso -de su derecho anteriormente
expresado, en el t6rmino establecido por el Reglamento de esta Ley, se considering francs y concesibles las 6reas en

3. S! se presentara m6s de una SOliCitUd relative a un mismo
terreno franco se otorga la concesi6n al solicitante que presented la propuesta mcis convenience a los interests del

ARTiCUILO 33. Tod-as las solicitudes que se presented de conformidad con esta Ley pueden ser retiradas en cualquier


moment antes de que se otorgue la concesi6n solicitada. No obstante, en el caso de que la solicited sea retirada, los gravdmenes pagados quedan a favor del Estado.

ARTICULO 34. El Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo dicta la disposici6n por la que se otorga una concesi6n, la que contiene los fundamentos que amparan la decision, el tipo de concesi6n a que se refiere, la identificaci6n del solicitante, los limits precisos del drea de terreno a que se contrae, los minerales que ampara, el t6rmino por el cual se concede el derecho, la determinaci6n, forma y moment del pago de la regalia, la cuantia de los condos financiers para restaurar el medio ambience y cualesquiera otras considerations y condiciones que resulted del andlisis del expedience, la political minera establecida y la legislaci6n vigente. Las concessions son transferibles sin el consentimiento previo y express del otorgante.

ARTiCULO 35. Las solicitudes; de ampliaci6n de las 6reas concedidas para la ejecuci6n de actividades miners y las solicitudes de pr6rroga del tdrmino de las concessions, se formula y tramitan por el mismo procedimiento previsto para la solicited initial de cada concesi6n, con excepci6n de los datos que obren en el expedience.


ARTfCULO 36. El Estado, a travds de las personas juridicas que designed, puede convocar a licitaciones para la investigaci6n geol6gica, explotaci6n, procesamiento y comercializaci6n de recursos minerals, para realizer una actividad mineral en el territorio national, a fin de elegir la propuesta m6s ventajosa, sin afectar derechos adquiddos o en tramitaci6n.





ARTfCULO 37. Los concesionarios realizan la actividad rninera de forma ininterrumpida, Si pcr fuerza mayor debidamente probada, o por conditions econ6micas del mercado, no se iniciaren los trabajos dentro de los plazos sefialados en los articulos 42 (a), 43 (a), 44 (a) y 48 (a); o se suspendieren por un period mayor al contemplado en el Articulo 58 (b), todos de esta Ley, el Ministro de la Industria 136sica, a solicited del interesado, puede prorrogar tales piazos por un tienipo igual al que dure la causal.

ARTfCULO 38. Los concesionarios solo pueden ejecutar las actividades miners autorizadas sobre los recursos minerals consignados en la concesi6n otorgada. Si durante su ejecuci6n se detect o se da la posibifidad de explotar o procesar, segOn el caso, otro recurso mineral no autorizado, el concesionario esti obligado a informarlo en el t6rmino establecido por el reglamento de esta Ley por condUcto de la Autoridad Mineral al Ministro de la Industria 136sica, quien Io eleva, con las recommendations que correspond, al Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo, para que uno de 6stos determine si:

a) Autoriza al concesionario a extender sus actividades al
nuevo recurso si es de su interns, para lo cual debe curnplir con los requisites y procedimientos previstos en la presente Ley o su Reglamento;


b) cletiene las activiclacies autorizaclas o parte de 6stas si
estuviera en peligro el aprovechamiento del nuevo recurso y 6ste fuera de mayor interns para el pais asumiendo en dicho caso el Estado la indemnizaci6n at concesionario por
los gastos en que hubiere incurrido; o

c) dispose cualquier otra media tencliente a preserver los
recursos minerals y velar por los interests del pais.

ARTICULO 39. Con respect a los recursos minerals del Grupo IV, establecido en el Articulo 23, se prohibe con caricter general dentro del perimeter de protecci6n:

a) Efectuar vertimientos director o indirectos que los contaminen;

b) acumular residues s6liclos, escombros o sustancias, cualquiera que sea su naturaleza y el lugar en que se depositen, que constituyan o puedan constituir un peligro de
contaminaci6n de estos recursos; y

c) efectuar otras acciones sobre el medio ambience circunclante que puedan contribuir a su degradaci6n.

ARTiCULO 40. Los casinos construidos para el servicio de la inclustria mineral son de uso p6blico, siempre que no ofrezcan peligro para la vida humana o para las instalaciones miners, to cual es calificado por la Autoridad Minera.


ARTICULO 41. Toclos los concesionarios estin obligaclos a:

a) Realizar los trabajos basaclos en un proyecto que fundamente sus objetivos y resultaclos;


b) informer a la Autoridad Minera acerca del resultado de sus
trabajos, seg6n lo establecido en el Reglamento de la presente Ley;

c) preserver adecuadamente el medio ambience y las condiciones ecol6gicas del drea objeto de la concesi6n, elaborando studios de impact ambiental y planes para prevenir, mitigar, controlar, rehabilitar y compensar dicho impacto derivado de sus actividades, tanto en dicha drea como en las 6reas y ecosisternas vinculados a aquellos
que puedan ser afectados;

d) cumplir los programs minimos de trabaju aprobados en la
disposici6n por la que sea otorgada la concesi6n;

e) realizer la investigation geol6gica, la explotaci6n y el procesamiento de los minerales con technologies y mdtodos que garanticen la evaluaci6n y el aprovechamiento de los
minerals principles y acompa6antes;

f) realizer las actividades miners exclusivamente para los.
fines que fueron autorizados;

g) preserver la salud y vida de los trabajadores aplicando las
normal de seguridad e hygiene del trabajo establecidas en
las disposiciones vigentes;

h) establecer, en el territories national, registers, que reflejen
adecuadamente el desarrollo de sus operations;

i) permitir la realizaci6n de la inspecci6n estatal de las operaciones miners en sus instalaciones, brindando a los
inspectors la informaci6n que solicited;

j) contratar preferentemente a personal cubano para realizer
la actividad mineral y planificar program de entrenamiento


y capacitaci6n para los trabajadores, asi como acoger a
estudiantes para que realicen pr6cticas docents;

k) almacenar y conservar los testigos reducidos de perforaci6n, los materials primaries que se determined, y otros materials o informaci6n de interns para la actividad minera por el t6rmino que a tales effects se establezca en el
Reglamento de la presented Ley;

1) pagar el canon o derecho de superficie, segOn el caso, y
dem6s impuestos y gravdmenes vigentes;

rn) almacenar, en las tapas de explotaci6n y procesamiento,
los minerals de baja ley o minerals acompahantes, las colas, escombreras y otros minerals que se extraigan y
puedan tener utilizaci6n posterior;
11) realizer investigations t6cnico-productivas e introducir
innovaciones tecriol6gicas relacionadas con el objeto de su concesi6n, para mejorar la eficiencia econ6mica y el
aprovecharniento de los recursos minerals;

o) demarcar y conservar los limits del 6rea autorizada para
ejercer la actividad mineral, asi como velar torque en dicha 6rea no se realicen otras laborers arenas a las que esicin
debidamente autorizadas;

p) controlar, en las tapas de explotaci6n y procesamiento y
en la pequefia mineria, [a efectividad del process de tratamiento de los residuals; y

q) protege las 6reas e instalaciones del access de personas
arenas al trab;qic miners, y prefer las medidas para la seguridad de ias obras y las construcciones.



ARTICULO 42. Adem6s de las obligaciones generals contenidas en el articulo anterior, los concesionarios de investigaci6n geol6gica estdn obligados a:

a) Iniciar sus operations en el plazo mcMdmo de tres (3) meses, contados a partir de la fecha del otorgamiento de la

b) investigator los yacimientos de forma rational y economic,
teniendo en cuenta los antecedents eAstentes sobre las
cireas a investigator;

c) determiner las reserves de los minerals principles y
acompahantes en cantidad y calidad;

d) presenter a la Autoridad Minera el informed final como resultados de la investigation geol6gica realizada, con toda la documentaci6n que establecen las normal metodol6gicas y t6cnicas al respect, incluyendo la declaraci6n de las
reserves calculaclas; y

e) revolver las dreas que no sean de interns para continual
realizando los trabajos de prospecci6n y exploraci6n, y al final de [a subfase de exploraci6n, clevolver definitivamente
las dreas que no vayan a ser objeto de explotaci6n.


ARTfCULO 43. Ademcis de las obligaciones generals establecidas en el Articulo 41, los concesionarios de explotaci6n tienen las siguientes obligaciones:


a) Iniciar la explotaci6n en un plazo m"mo de dos (2) ahos,
contados a partir de la fecha del titulo;

b) elaborar y someter a la aprobaci6n de la Autoridad Minera
el proyecto de explotaci6n seg6n el procedimiento que se
prevea en el Reglamento de la presented Ley;

c) explotar las reserves del yacimiento con p6rdidas y diluciones minimal;

d) planificar y ejecutar [as investigations geol6gicas necesarias para incremental el conocimiento del yacimiento y para oriental los trabajos de explotaci6n;

e) informer a la Autoridad Minera el movimiento de [as reservas minerals y el plan anual de mineria;

f) aprovechar en lo possible o almacenar correctamente la
roca de caja o de destape, seg6n el caso; y

g) planificar los trabajos necesarios par-a la restauraci6n o
acondicionamiento de las dreas explotadas, en los t6rminos que se establezcan por el 6rgano local del Poder Popular y la autoridad competence, seg(in el caso, creando
los condos financiers necesarios para estos fines.

ARTICULO 44. Aderricis de las obligaciones generals establecidas en el Articulo 41, los concesionarios de procesamiento tienen las siguientes obligaciones:

a) Iniciar el procesamiento en un plazo mdyjmo de tres (3)
ahos, contados a partir de la fecha del titulo;

b) elaborar y someter a la aprobaci6n de la Autoridad Minera,
segCn el procedimiento que se prevea en el Reglamento de la presented Ley, el proyecto para el procesamiento de
los recursos minerals;


c) informer a la Autoridad Minera el plan anual de procesamiento;

d) realizer investigations t6cnico-productivas para mejorar
laeficiencia econ6mica del process industrial; y

e) brinclar facilidades para el procesamiento de los minerals
provenientes de las peclueflas producciones miners.

ARTICULO 45. En la explotaci6n y procesamiento de recursos minerals con fines medicinales, de aplicaci6n o de consurno human director, los titulares de las concessions correspondientes garantizan, ademcis de lo previsto en los articulos anteriores, lo siguiente:

a) Concliciones higi6nico-sanitadas 6ptimas en la ejecuci6n
de [as activiclades autorizaclas;

b) conservaci6n de las propieclades fisico-quimicas y bacteriol6gicas originals que acreditaron el recurso mineral,
hasta su utilizaci6n por el consumiclor;

c) identificaci6n del product y especificaci6n del tempo que
conserve cliches propiedades; y

d) cumplimiento de cuatas otras conditions sean necesarias
para evitar afectaciones al consurniclor por su aplicad6n o


ARTiCUILO 46. Se entiencle por pequefia producci6n mineral toda aquella que se realize sobre concentrations de recursos minerals consideraclas pequefios yacimientos segOn la clasificaci6n en el Reglamento de la presented Ley, o que por la


importance econ6mica de su explotaci6n puedan ser considerados como tales.

ARTiCULO 47. Para el otorgamiento de concessions para explotaci6n y procesamiento en pecluefias producciones mineras result cle aplicaci6n el articulado de esta Ley, en cuanto no se oponga a lo previsto en el presented capitulo. El Consejo de Ministers o su Comit6 Ejecutivo delegan en el Ministedo de la Industrial Bisica el otorgamiento o denegaci6n de las concesiones miners para pequefios yacimientos de determinados minerals y dispose tambi6n su anulaci6n o extinci6n.

ARTICULO 48. Ademcis de las obligaciones generals conteniclas en el Articulo 41, los titulares de concessions para pequeflas producciones miners tienen la obligaci6n de:

a) Iniciar la explotaci6n en un plazo mdximo de dos (2) ahos,
contaclos a partir de la fecha del titulo;

b) mantener actualizaclos los pianos tipogr Wicos del drea
concedida y de los trabajos que ejecuta; y

c) poster el conocimiento geol6gico minimo requeddo para
la explotaci6n del recurso mineral.




ARTiCULO 49. Todo concesionado, sin perjuicio del cumplimiento de las regulations y requisites previstos para cada casopuede:


a) Tener access al drea mineral a travds de terrenos del Estado o de particulars, debiendo utilizar para ello el r6gimen especial de servidumbres miners y la via m6s adecuada y menos peoudicial para el propietario o poseedor, asi como cumplir con las disposiciones establecidas al
respect, incluyendo la indemnizaci6n que correspond;

b) ceder o traspasar sus derechos sobre la concesi6n, previo
el consentimiento express del otorgante;

c) realizer las construcciones necesanas para el desarrollo
rational de la actividad mineral; y

d) utilizar en sus operations miners las aguas que broken o
aparezcan durante dichas operations o que provengan
del desagUe de las mismas.


ARTICUILO 50. El titular de una concesi6n mineral puede solicitar el establecimiento de servidumbres en terrenos vecinos de terceras personas, que sean necesarios para la rational utilizaci6n del derecho que se establece.

ARTiCULO 51. Las servidumbres pueden ser voluntaries y legalese.

ARTfCULO 52. Las servidumbres voluntaries se otorgan por el propietario del inmueble que soporta la servidumbre, al titular de la concesi6n, en beneficio de dsta, oidos los criterion de [as autoridades responsabilizadas con el uso de la tierra, mediate escritura p6blica que se inscribe en el Registro a cargo de la Autoridad Minera.


ARTICULO 53. Las servidumbres legalese se otorgan por el Ministerio de la Industria 136sica, por conduct de la Autoridad Mineral, oldo el parecer de las autoridades responsabilizadas con el uso de los inmuebles y comprende las laborers que sean necesarias para tener access, ventilaci6n, desagUe y posibilidad de transformaci6n de los minerals.

ARTiCULO 54. En todos los casos de servidumbres, corresponde una indemnizaci6n al propietario del inmueble por los dahos y perjuicios que se caused a 6ste.

ARTICULO 55. Las servidumbres se extinguen:

a) Por la nulidad, anulaci6n o extinci6n de la concesi6n; y

b) por reunirse en una misma persona la propiedad del predio sirviente con el dominate.



ARTICULO 56. Es nula toda concesi6n que se otorgue sin cumplir los requisites que en la presented Ley se establecen.

ARTiCULO 57. Los inspectors estatales de la Autoridad Minera pueden imponer al infractor no reincidente, las medidas que a continuaci6n se relacionan, condicionando la anulabilidad de la condesi6n a su cumplimiento:

a) Dar un plazo mciymo para erradicar la violaci6n cometida
sin suspender los trabajos; o

b) paralizar las laborers hasta tanto se erradique la violaci6n,
en cuyo caso, la afectaci6n econ6mica que produzca [a


paralizaci6n es resuelta a expenses del que cometi6 la

ARTiCUILO 58. Cualquier concesi6n otorgada es anulable por la reincidencia en el cumplimiento de:

a) Los plazos previstos en la presented Ley para comenzar la
investigation geol6gica, la explotaci6n o el procesamiento;

b) la paralizaci6n o suspension de los trabajos de investigaci6n geol6gica por mds de seis (6) meses, o de explotaci6n o procesamiento por mds de dos (2) aflos, en ambos casos sin [a autodzaci6n debida, o por no reanuclarlos en
el plazo que se establezca;

c) las mediclas clictaclas por los inspectors estatales;

d) las concliciones impuestas al moment del otorgamiento
de la concesi6n;

e) la explotaci6n de un recurso mineral no autorizado;

f) el incumplimiento de las med idas estableciclas para la seguriclad del trabajo y [a vida humana;

g) la rendid6n de los informed o [a actualizaci6n de los registros que reflejan el clesarrollo de sus operations, a lo que estdn obligados de conformiclad con el Reglamento de
esta Ley y las disposiciones vigentes;

h) los trabajos a que esti obligados seg6n sus respectivos

i) el program de ejecuci6n de las mediclas que preserve el
medio ambience; y

j) otras causales conteniclas en la disposici6n por la que se,
otorgue la concesi6n.


ARTfCULO 59. La falta de pago de los derechos o gravimenes previstos en la presented Ley, da lugar a la imposici6n de las medidas dispuestas en la legislaci6n tributaria general, con el objetivo de hacer efectivo el pago. Agotados todos los procedimientos de cobro, la concesi6n puede ser anulada.

ARTICULO 60. Son causa de extinci6n de las concessions:

a) El vencimiento de su t6rmino o el de la pr6rroga otorgada;

b) la extinci6n de la personalidad juridica del concesionario;

c) la renuncia voluntaria de su titular,

d) el cierre definitive y total de [a mina.



ARTiCULO 61. El cierre de una mina puede ser temporal o definitive, segOn se planifique o sea possible reanudar la explotaci6n o no; y total o partial, seg6n se contemple el cese de las actividades en toda la mina o en parte de ella. En todos los casos, para el cierre temporal de una mina se require la autorizaci6n, mediate resoluci6n fundada, del Ministro de la Industrial Bdsica.

ARTICULO 62. El cierre temporal de una mina puede tener lugar debido a razones t6cnicas, econ6micas, minerogeol6gicas, hidrogeol6gicas, incendios, daRos al medio ambiente u otras que no permitan continual la explotaci6n del yacimiento.

El cierre definitive puede tener lugar por la extracci6n total o por cancelaci6n de las reserves minerals, en los casos en que no haya perspectives para su increments, o hayan cam-


biado las conditions t&cnico-econ6micas, de seguridad minera o ambientales.

ARTfCULO 63. Para aprobar el cierre de una mina tanto temporal como definitive, el concesionario present at Ministro de [a Industrial 136sica, a trav6s de la Autoridad Minera, un studio tdcnico y econ6mico con las argumentaciones impertinentes y !at program de trabajo con las medidas que ejecuta.

ARTfCULO 64. En caso de que el cierre se produzca por inter6s estatal, el Estado cubano indemniza at concesionario como correspond.

ARTfCULO 65. Autorizado el cierre total o partial con carcicter temporal, el concesionario garantiza durante todo el period de cierre y hasta la extinci6n de la concesi6n:

a) La actualizac!6n topogrcifica, geol6gica y mineral del yacimiento e)plotado y su presentaci6n a ia Autoridad Minera
para su revision y conservaci6n;

b) los trabajos de conservaci6n de [a mina de forma tal que
se puedan reiniciar los trabaj6s miners;

c) las medidas de seguridad de la mina y sus instalaciones
contra possible accidents de personas, incendios y averias;

d) la conservaci6n y destiny de [as instalaciones, equips y
materials existences; y

e) las medidas de restauraci6n y rehabilitaci6n del entomo.

Los inspectors estatales de [a Autoridad Minera controlan el cumplimiento de los trabajos descritos en este articulo y el siguiente:


ART(CULO 66. Para el cierre de una mina total o parcialmente, con carcicter definitive, el concesionario present al Ministerio de la Industria Bdsica, a trav6s de la Autoridad Minera, las argumentaciones tdcnico-econ6micas y el program de cierre que contenga:

a) El estado actualizado de las reserves mine.rales;

b) en minas subterr6neas, la forma en que se liquidan los
laborers, para evitar una possible afectaci6n future a la superficie por derrumbe o asentamiento;

c) el sellaje de todos los laborers de access;

d) la utilizaci6n o destiny de las instalaciones de superficie,
equips y materials;

e) la recuperaci6n de equips y materials de las minas

f) el estado en que quedan los dep6sitos de colas, escombreras y escoriales, y el cAlculo de los minerals contenidos o del volume total del dep6sito, segOn el caso;

g) el program de restauraci6n de la superficie afectada y un
informed sobre las, afectaciones provocadas al medio ambiente; y

h) la utilizaci6n que se le pudiera dar a las instalaciones mi- <
neras subterrdneas o a las canters.
ARTICULO 67. En todos los casos para el cierre definitive de una mina se require la autorizaci6n del Consejo de Ministros o de su Comit6 Ejecutivo.




ARTiCULO 68. Todo concesionado estci obligado a cumplir las disposiciones vigentes sobre seguddad e hygiene del trabajo.

ARTICULO 69. Los concesionados garantizan la segudda'd e hygiene del trabajo a trav6s de la elaboraci6n y ejecuci6n de planes de mediclas cuyo conteniclo se cletalla en el Reglamento de la presented Ley.



ARTICULO 70. El Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo es el 6rgano competence para declarar las cireas miners reservaclas y, en consecuencia, el Onico encargado de autorizar en dichas zonas otras actividades arenas a las geol6gicas o miners.

ARTICULO 71. Se entiencle por drea rhinera reservada aqueIla zona que por su perspective evidence de la existence de concentrations de minerals, sea convenience preserver, limitando la realizaci6n de actividades arenas a lasgeol6gicas o miners que puedan dahar la ejecuci6n del prop6sito miners para el cual se preserve dicha cirea.
ARTICULO 72. El Ministerio de la Industda Bdsica realize los trcimites pertinentes ante el Cons6jo de Ministros o su Comitd Ejecutivo para [a cleclaraci6n de las dreas miners reservaclas, a solicited del propio Ministedo o de las enficlacles que


est6n relacionadas con el desarrollo de la actividad mineral del pals.

ARTICULO 73. Para la declaraci6n de las keas miners reservadas se tiene en cuenta:

a) La importance econ6mica o estrat6gica, dada por el valor
potential de las reserves o su effect en la producci6n industrial del pals;

b) la confluencia de interests en el drea;

c) los asentamientos humans en el 6rea escogida; y

d) la e)dstencia de 6reas protegidas en cualquiera de sus
categories; y

e) en el caso de los recursos minerals del Grupo IV, establecidos en el Articulo 13, que puedan ser contaminados o degradados por agents externos, fisicos, biol6gicos o quimicos, se incluye dentro del 6rea, el perimeter de protecci6n zonas de influences que tengan conexi6n hidrdulica con el recurso mineral.

Lo expresado en los incisos b) y c) del presented articulo es coordinator con la dependencia de Planificaci6n Fisica que correspond.

ARTICULO 74. Las solicitudes de concessions dentro de las dreas miners declaradas por el Consejo de Ministros, se presentarcin al Ministerio de la Industria Bdsica, el cual las tramita conform a los procedimientos establecidos en estaLey y a los requisites especiales que fije el Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo en cada declaraci6n.




ARTiCULO 75. Los concesionados pagan al Estado, sin perjuicio de lo dispuesto en la legislaci6n tributaria general y de cualesquiera otros pagos de car6cter general establecidos, los cAnones por la ejecuci6n de una actividad mineral y las regaIfas por la extracci6n de recursos minerals no renovables que se establecen en la presented Ley.

ARTICULO 76. El Estado recipe de los concesionarios, por concept de canon, la cantidad anual de:

a) Dos (2) pesos por hect6rea durante la subfase de prospecci6n;

b) cinco (5) pesos por hectdrea durante la subfase de exploraci6n; y

c) diez (10) pesos por hectdrea durante la fase de explotaci6n.

ARTfCULO 77. Las cantidades que se relacionan en el articulo anterior se ingresan al Presupuesto del Estado y los pagos se hacen por anualidades adelantadas, de acuerdo a los procedimientos y forms de recaudaci6n establecidos por el Ministerio de Finanzas y Precios.

ARTfCULO 78. Los concesionarios de procesamiento pagan al Estado el precio del derecho de superficie que se establece por el Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo al otorgar la concesi6n, para el drea que se destine a la construction de las instalaciones, de procesamiento. Asimismo el Gobierno fija las conditions; de dicho derecho de superficie'-


ARTICULO 79. Cuando las concliciones de la explotaci6n minera y la realizaci6n de la producci6n asi lo aconsejen, el Consejo de Ministros o su Comitd Ejecutivo pueden establecer el ccilculo para el pago de las regalia sobre:

a) El valor de venta de la producci6n;

b) la cotizaci6n promedio trimestral que se registry en los
mercados mundiales de los products minerals obtenidos; o

c) el valor que expresamente se pacte.

ARTICULO 80. El Estado recipe la regalia por la explotaci6n de los recursos minerals en el territorio national por cada concesionario, en los porcentajes que se establezcan en la disposici6n por la que sea otorgada la concesi6n, en correspondencia con la escala siguiente:


a) Los minerals relacionaclos a) Descle el 3 hasta el 5%.
en los groups 1, 11 y III, con excepci6n de los minerals no met6licos utilizaclos para la construction y los destinados a la producci6n de cal, cemento y cercimica.

b) Minerals del grupo IV. b) Descle el I hasta el 3%.

c) Minerals comprencliclos en c) Hasta de 1
el Grupo V, asi como los minerales no metcilicos utilizados para la construction y los dedicados a la producci6n de
cal, cement y cerimica.


ARTfCULO 81. Tienen el car-6cter de sujetos pasivos de las regalia que se establecen, todos los titulares de concessions de explotaci6n de un recurso mineral.

ARTICULO 82. El pago de estas regalia se hace en espede o en efectivo, a opci6n del Estado.

ARTICULO 83. El c6lculo de las regalia se hace sobre. la base de la producci6n terminada. El pago se hace efectivo en la moneda en que el obligado al mismo realize sus oppraciones.



ARTICULO 84. El Consejo de Ministros o su Comitd Ejecutivo pueden autorizar a los concesionarios de explotaci6n para que clestinen una parte de la utiliclad, antes de aplicar el impuesto sobre utilidades, para amortizar los gastos incurriclos durante [a prospecci6n y la exploraci6n, que sean aceptaclos como gastos sujetos a reembolso.

ARTiCULO 85. Los concesionarios de explotaci6n pueden aplicar la depreciaci6n acelerada de la extracci6n del mineral, su procesamiento y la comercializaci6n de los products de ellos derivaclos, incluyenclo medics y equips de transported y carga, en las concliciones estableciclas por el Ministerio de Finanzas y Precios.

ARTICULO 86. Cuando e)dstan concliciones excepcionales que pongan en peligro la continuiclad de las operations mineras relacionaclas con, la ejecuci6n de la activiclad mineral objeto de la concesi6n, el concesionario puede solicitor de forma fundamentada a[ Ministerio de Finanzas y Precios por conclucto del Ministerio de la Inclustria Bdsica, el diferimiento


total o partial del pago de la regalia establecida en la disposici6n por la que se otorg6 la concesi6n.

El Ministry de Finanzas y Precios dicta resoluci6n fundada accediendo o denegando el diferimiento solicitado. En el primer caso, lo hace por un period que satisfaga los interests del Presupuesto del Estado y los del concesionario.




ARTICULO 87. A los concesionarios que contravienen las disposiciones de la presented Ley, que no integren causales de anulabilidad o extinci6n, previstas en los articulos 57, 58 y 59, se les impose una multa personal o instRucional, segCn proceda, en los casos sefialados en el Reglamento, en el que se fi jen las cuantias de [as multas y las medidas accessories que deben ser aplicadas.


ARTiCULO 88. Las autoridades facultadas para comprobar la CoMisi6n de las contravenciones y para imponer las multas y medidas correspondents son, en sus respectivas competencias, los Inspectores Estatales de la Autoridad Minera, los de los 6rganos locales del Poder Popular y el personal designado


por otros organisms competentes de la Administraci6n Central del Estado.

ARTfCULO 89. La autoridad facultada para concern y resolver los recursos de apelaci6n que se interpongan contra el acto administrative por el cual se hayan impuesto multas o medidas son, en sus respectivas competencias, los Ministros y los Presidents de los 6rganos locales del Poder Popular correspondientes.

PRIMERA: Las personas naturals y juridicas, que realizan actualmente actividades miners, quedan obligadas a presentar sus solicitudes de concessions conform a lo que establece la presented Ley, en el tdrmino mdximo de un (1) afio, contado a partir de su promulgaci6n.

SEGUNDA: Decursado el t6rmino previsto en la Disposici6n precedent, caducan los derechos a continual la ejecuci6n de, las actividades miners.

PRIMERA: Ning6n cambio que se introduzca a esta Ley puede afectar los t6rminos y conditions consignados en la concesi6n, dentro del t6rmino de veinticinco (25) ahos posteriors a su otorgamiento.

SEGUNDA: En el caso del oro, el Ministerio de [a Industria Bdsica coordina previamente con el Banco Nacional de Cuba las conditions que se establezcan para cada una de las concesiones relatives a este metal.

TERCEIRA: La anulaci6n de una concesi6n o el cierre de una mina, por cualesquiera de las causes que en esta Ley se relacionan, asi como el abandon de la actividad mineral, no e)dmen a los concesionarios de las indemnizaciones que corres-


ponclan al Estado cubano por los dahos y perjuicios ocasionados a 6ste como consecuencia de tales actos, cuando ocurran por responsabiliclad del concesionario.

WARTA: Se faculty al Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo para que, excepcionalmente y por razones funclaclas de interns para la Naci6n, en coordinaci6n con los 6rganos y organismos que proceed, establezca t6rminos y cuantias distintas a las previstas en la presented Ley, para las concessions que se otorguen.

PRIMERA: El Consejo de Ministros o su Comit6 Ejecutivo queda encargado de dictar el Reglamento de la presented Ley.

SEGUNDA: Se faculty al Ministerio de la Inclustria Bdsica para dictar cuantas m6s disposiciones se requieran para la mejor ejecuci6n de esta Ley.

TERCEIRA: Corresponcle al Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnologia y Medio Ambiente, en su car6cter de organism encargado de dirigir y controlar la political encaminada a garantizar la protecci6n del medio ambience y el uso rational de los recursos naturales, regular, evaluar y aprobar, cuando proceed, las actividades de impact ambiental requericlas para la ejecuci6n de las concessions miners, as! como establecer, supervisor y e)dgir el cumplimiento de las disposiciones ambientales establecidas para esta activiclad, lo cual include la realizaci6n de las inspecciones estatales ambientales y la aplicaci6n de las sanctions previstas en la legislaci6n vigente.

WARTA: Se derogan y quedan sin effect ni valor legal a1guno [a Ley de Minas de 6 de julio de 1859; el Decreto-Ley de Bases Generales para la Nueva Legislaci6n de Minas de 20 de diciembre de 1868; el Decreto 1076 Reglamento Org6nico para la Minerfia Cubana de 28 de septiembre de 1914; la Ley


de 12 de enero de 1909 promulgada por el Decreto 78 de la misma fecha; el Decreto 55 de 18 de enero de 1915; el Decreto 716 de 31 de enero de 1915; Decreto 447 de 5 de abril de 1916; Decreto 622 de 15 de abril de 1918; Decreto 869 de 21 de mayo de 1918; Decreto 1662 de 22 de octubre de 1920; Decreto 355 de 18 de marzo de 1921; Decreto 147 de 5 de febrero de 1924; Decreto 1370 de 15 de agosto de 1928; Decreto 768 de 7 de junio 1930; Decreto 717 de 26 de mayo de 1931; Decreto 470 de 12 de abril de 1932; Decreto 471 de 12 de abril de 1931; Decreto 676 de 19 de mayo de 1932; Decreto 1120 de 11 de agosto de 1i932; Decreto 1073 de 16 de abril de 1941; Decreto 2423 de 30 de agosto de 1943; Ley 617 de 27 de octubre de 1959; Ley 1196 de 15 de julio de 1966; y cuantas otras disposiciones legales y reglamentarias se opongan a lo establecido en la presente Ley.
La presente Ley comenzard a regir a partir de su publicaci6n en la Gaceta Oficial de la Repdblica de Cuba.
DADA en la sala de sesiones de la Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular, Palacio de las Convenciones, Ciudad de La Habana, a los veintiOn dias del mes de diciembre de mil novecientos noventa y cuatro.

Ricardo Alarc6n de Quesada