A spelling book of the English language; or, The American tutor's assistant


Material Information

A spelling book of the English language; or, The American tutor's assistant Intended particularly for the use of common schools, the pronunciation being adapted to the much approved principles of J.Walker
The American tutor's assistant
Physical Description:
156 p. : ill. ; 17 cm.
Marshall, Elihu F., d. 1841
Wallis, Hammond, d. 1836?
Hill and Moore
Hill & Moore
Place of Publication:
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
English language -- Orthography and spelling -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Spellers   ( lcsh )
Juvenile literature -- 1822   ( rbgenr )
Spellers -- 1822   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1822
Juvenile literature   ( rbgenr )
Spellers   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- New York -- New York
United States -- New Hampshire -- Concord


Statement of Responsibility:
By Elihu F. Marshall. Stereotyped by H.Wallis, New-York.

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 024169171
oclc - 13627482
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The Baldwin Library University 11oridl i!. i -. "- R m :.. i








STE:U0tYP'Ej> OY H. WALUS,-TN']tlN-'-T0RJ;,


runtisarD BY HILL MOORE.



Northern Disli*i of Nmr- Vak, zo ,k BE IT lru-,T ,rW u,-rf), That on thr tiXteenth day ofl April,- in 0- 1 ov-fwl' car of tb6 bdependeare of the '
L. S Untled Slat- A_ A o,,ic i, A. D.JW1, Eliba F. Marshilt,!'
of tile saidj)--16't. h""I'-posited in this office the title of 11 13ook, the ti ;it Lie claims as author, in tho words
R Illbwijlg' to wit:
A Sp T J'ook of the Eug17sh Larguage; or, the Amcrle,;ln Tutor's Assistafo, ntend4 pzxticulurly for the use of 11 Common rhooKl TheF; Pronuu,,;, L;,;u beicg ed .pt d to t1le much approved pi-iuciples of J "Walhug. lr' BY.Elibu F. Nlar ha)l.
rpsq of ft United Stu,
In cotifi)rmitv to the act of tile Com leg, entille'd
Aft act for tile of lea, by S4rtlxiug tile capi .s of inaps,
Ic antl book to the authors abd ,r,jii;c ors efsuch copic-s' durill the
twles therein 111e niolled; UUd alw-'X CX (A, An act7tylple-,
h,, n, ourag"nentof learning, by! ways. Charts, ;ui', looks, to tile, authors and 1-,prTe"'e"'a"y '*' an a f
l- I le. ing the timLs I hc-in mentioned ; and cxt ndw I he "t-, artb tif engraving, aur, elchiog
z zwd other prints.
Clerk of the Norlh rrt Disb d of Ye,-v- Yor'k.


AS it has been, and now is customary for the authors of
publications to offer reasons to the publick for their work, the editor of this Manual fo-Children, also presumes so far on the practice, as to undertake a similar attempt in
f vindication of his. When we consider the number and
dsa variety of useful Spelling Books already extant, it may be
t~hIought presumption for an obscure individual to endea'your to augment tiat number. But it must be argued, and admitted, that human invention has not yet arisen to its highest pinnacle, nor arrived at its farthermost goal; and should the editor of this work deserve any merit, it is believed a judicious community will not be backward in aiding him in his eudeavours to teach the young idea Iow to shoot," not only with effect, but with pleasure and
It is not the intention of the author to undervalue (as is the custom of some) the works of other authors; but to invite the community to be impartial when they criticise, alid not let prejudice bias their judgments; for prejudi e may be termed a very futile, as well as a very blind guide.
Many very judicious philanthropists have do-bne much to render the fundamental principles of our language an inviting theme to the juvenile mind; and much still remains to be done.
It has been found that instruoters frequently need assistance in communicating ideas to pupils, even in an orthographical work. Much more is needful to be done by a teacher for the information of his pupils, than the bare recitation of the matter constituting a Spelling Book. They must he queried with, respecting what they have studied.
Their judgments need maturing. As a few primary prin-

ciplts are given, it would be well for teachers t" at"911d to ,them, and request their scho-lars also to pay attention M4ereto, and try to understand the propriety and applicat;on of them. These principles are intended to be fountled I precisely on thwic of the apyroved Engjis4 ortboepist, JOAN WALNER; and all the word-i in fhe s"sequent tables, are intended to be pronounced according ? to his prineijiles. The vopwO sounds are represented as Ills are, and placed on the top of every j*W, so that with one glance of the eye, both preceptor and pupil may know how to sound the yowel in every a6cented syllaWe, as that is of prime iiiiportauce, to every individua L
tha4 become c.ustourary, aiid it is very useful,
4ce questioR,9. for the ii.Vistanc6 of tufQrs,.,as well a* pupils- a small 4'uipbar of which will 1w introduced for the infornutiqu and assistance of _:preoepwis viz.
J 11. What -,are the fir st priticiples or elemeDts of
proeunciation ; and how)Aanyare there ?
Aus. The.-first priuciple j or e1eqR',',o6 of pronunciatiob Me
U., Whar"other characters maylj e addeil to thein ?
'T _er e tnay 1 e added tf, fi, fl, ffi' fil aad or el pcr se,
Q., Howanethe Letters'* ided
J. Into vowels and consonants.
4t& Q. flow,.wany Yowels are there, and what 4re their 'names
A., There are five vowels viz. 01-e, o, and v; and W ate vowels when they' d a s.) fl-ah!e.,or *eovd.-Thtis it Articters to iu errogxte their scholars.1 W;uTd be well for in I
that are pf sufficient nge and ability', thr6ligb the whole of the principles, froni the beginnfiaq to f3ut'
141 the first place, it would be best to iDt rogate sniafl chi0ren, as Well as large 'TiRiifier"in
Table 9d. viz.
lia. Ques. What sound li as q in the wor& ba,-" log,

.avs. It has the fourt4sound, as in fot.
2d. Q. What soon(! has ejnthe wordi, ten, me%, &c. ?
A. It has die secoud sounil, as in iftet. PAI '
W. Q. Wh tt sound has i ii the words'will I &C. ?
A. It has the second souiidt, as in piv.


to 4th. Q. What sound has o in tlhe words lot, roe, &c. ?
on J. It has the fourth sound, as in not.
a- 5th. Q. What sound has u in cut, &c. ?
edl .. It has the second sound, as in tub.
t, Thus scholars may be interrogated through all the tas, bles, both reading and spelling.
s. All communications tending to improve, correct, or
d approbate the following work, will be gratefully received
e by the

NoTE. In this work, in spelling lessons, the numbers, at the ends ofthe
e words, refer to the same number in the' Principles of Pronunciation. All
unaccented syllables terminating with a Roman e preserve the antecedent vowel in the same syllable long, as the i in Fine, e.; but when the coneluding e is Italick, the other vowel is short, as the i in the word examine, &e.-The final e in accented syllables is mute, as the figures explain the
h sound of the vowel over which they are placed. Thesyllables are divided
in sach a manner throughout the whole work, that those, who feel any aversion to Walker's Pronuneiation, may, if they choose, pronounce according to Perry, Webster, or any other orthoepist. Walker pronounces many words several ways; but generally, in this book, one only is pointedout.
This course, however, has not been adopted with a view of varying in the least from the pronunciation of that distinguished author. Where any doubts
exist, reference can be had to his large 'ri coal Pronouncing Ditionaryp.




I1st. The first prlincipleo r elements of pronunciation ar' letters ; which are twenty-six, vriz. A B, C, D, E. F 1, J, K, L, 14, N, 0, ,,, S, T, F., V, W; X, V

2. To these may be add, f, fi, flS, and & or per se and.t, fI
3. The letters are divided Into vorezls and conson ants.
Dcfmiron of -oades and Ciovsonants.
4. A vowel (of which there are five, vriz. a, e, i, -0, 11,) is sple !sound, fornied by a coniv vfcil of the. breath, and a certain conforinatijon-o the inoith, without any alteration in the posiop oar~'y Ynoio* of the or'gans Of SqeeCI), from the Moment the ltwsn commnencons till it ends ;-y and w~ are called vowels w he ly end n sylible, or word ; and co5nstiakts when they beginu one.-Se P. 5, Ws~:.
-65. A consonanmt mayb( defined to be an Interruption C1f the effumsion of vocal son, arii from the ploainof the orarof-peecit toach p. 1IVs. D.
6. The vowels a, e, q, are called sinm'ple, because the are formed by one information, of thte organs, only ; ant i and u are called eomIpoussd, beraivze the Ogan-; alter their position before the letter is completelysoiind-See p. 8,

C~ssficaiom ow~nels antd bkoanets.
7. Two vowels forming buot one 1ylbl, are a diphthong ; as cc in CI.ar, ao in g, tinIeoale, 013 in boy, &c. -ee p. 17, W's. D.8. Three vowl forming but onre syllable are a triph- thong ; as eau in beauty, z omin t rcz .ous, &c.-See p. 17, W's.DA
9. The consonants are Jj, e sf, g, h, j, k, 1, mn, njiV, q, r, S, t, v, x, z, and y and tv -lien beginning a syllable; anti they are all divisable inito inutes, semZi-V*omei-, and iqid,-ce p. 14 and 18, Ws. D.

Pririciples of Pronuenciation. VAi
10. T~he mesaesuch as emit no sound without a vowel.!
as bj p, t, d1, h-, and] r an J g hard.-&ee p. 19, JPs. D.
11. The semi-vowels aire such as emit a sound without
the concurrenrce of a owm3, a,f, z, x, and g soft,. or
j.-See p. 20, W s. D).
r 12. The liqulildsar such as flow into. or uni1te eamulv
with the mnute, i, in, .q, r.-&;e p. 21, ). D
1, 3,. The consonants arce again divided into sharp orfat,
14. The sharp cons~onants are p,f ts, 1j, and c hard.-I ee.23, W~s. 1).
15. The flat consonants are b), dZ, andj g hard.-'ec

16. The siul coonats are flhosewhich have always
the s;)un M ieltter unmixed w~ith otherls, as, b, pJf, V,
kj g harl, a g oto j.-S--e 1. 25, Ws. D).
nt 17. The spirate cosonaants aire those which hame
sn sretimes a hiss or~ aspilton joied vwith thpn, which
it ~~mogtes with the letter, and~ alters the sound, as t inustia
a- ~d in soldier, s in mifssiow, and z in azure-ey. 26, We. 1).
ce 18. The consoinants are also divided into labiads, decn~als,
gattaraix, and naos-c ep. 27, ''s. D.
of 19. The laials are 6! f, v.> The dentst1 ie t, d;7,
zandi sftg. The giisurl ~irek,~ geard, ad g Lad,
The nasal are m, na, atf .- 8 Ws. Lk

r 20. A, iu its Ist- orthegraphical application, has the lo;,
,slender, OPC2 sound vilien follQwed by a single consonant, and e irn te, -as Fate, &x. The o-.Jy exceptions pre )sesve, are, and gaerp. Th ahas the sairte sound when endlinp an accented syllabla jh.ppr, Lc. T he only eceptions ire,
father, mastsl ffan tat -e p. 7 3, 74,- 75, Le.~ W's. D.
21. A, inits Td plctolhas what is called the Uu)ngsound of the Italian a as inar, &.-See p. 7, frV'. D.
22. A1, ini its Md app1laion bas what is called the Saxon
souwd, as in fall, &c.--Sce p. 83,. W's. D.
23. A, in its4th appliation, has the short sound ofte
2~4. The Ist soundof e, is thiat which it has wh-en lengthened by the mnut inal, as in me, glebe, &c. or when. it en" a syllahie with the accent upon it, as se-cre-tion, &c.

except the Vwords da' and ,Acre, ill which the first e is sounded like a, und- r figure Ist.-Sec p. 93, W'S. D.
25. The Ad gound of e, is thatardi An at, bed, &c. This' sound4 before nois lpt to slide j&~otu.--ep 5 IV$. D.
26. Te- IFst e, in the, poetickrcoutraciori ecr, and ne'er is
souned ikea~uner igue 1 fbewjfOA,,_ _itis so-und-,
fed l11ike ?i, thus I ucre spronou T4ic-u.--,ep f8p1s. D.
27. The vowel e in final unitecefited sy)1Lae, is- apt to
slie itoshot Fcesisproouced fc -eiz.-See P. 9 ,
W's. inoD 11t. STr-0
28i. Thr a inyllrt of verbs, andl inl participles enld29. Tile stsonvi~ of i is hecard In alono.yllibles termin-:

atin; wih fid, a H PipIt.C W11n 104,'i san accnt. sylVlable it has1, thle 1st s oUvnt Ill inolln l s ending in! ,Id, it has also its 1sf4 sound, sftd li th- Wrs ending with id, it ih~ aso:& its1s Aot yn~md w and inosOn

34 J Tile U sound of tile ; is htard inl pill,11hila ; andI when eniding Oni unaccnted sylale it [was early tile sound of e uiidtr pgure cmc.-Sc P 107, s
3 1. When iis 6 Vitte anohrconsonn not
a final syllabe, it has eu4tly o e ill ( ermi,&r,.
Virtue is 'prollonci -Or4 wb& tpr-oalt-to the Sound of It hol -; 1 swt fpece-0,r flo by a conso-.
atin a fin1 lal le it isa erfetwin sud, ainbird
&c.-&ep. 108,)
32. MIirth, 14i11, gir, rt, skirl, girl, wirl, and ftr .... are exce.ptions, to principle 3slt ; the Z' beleg~sunded like i

.3 NN-en~ come-s befiwrt ouble orsi r, followed by a vowel, it preserves its pure sorto 2iond, as in spirit.
34. i words of Erench~ -rn mi in sme En~glish Words, i ha;s thle sound (f te.Ic I'I, W's 1).
35. There is a remarkable son o he vowel i 'iman %nVords where it sollnd equivalently to initial~ yj..This is occasioned by another vow6 following it in ain unaccented syllable, not preceded byyof th dentals. TPhus iiia-ry is pro-nouncedl 113-& Ms. D.
36. When anl accented -s hlaie beginning vlha cononant, is preceded by i constituting a syllable, it ha its pure 1st Sound.

x Pritwiples
an accented syllable. The letter v is exactlY tke pronumn you- See Ii . I-, I, D.
51. The 2d sounyl uff, is flic. f-horf wmd heard iii Ict.
52. The 3d :ojnid of' ,, j I hat he;il-d "I &c.
53. There is it d(-vilitiorl of' this from ;L

i i goular so-und iii Ow Nords Ir, LI, and bio
1, 11111al, cit'her 'It ii word or is ii pire -owel.
and fills exardy tlle Su"Ile tourol -,is i wQuld 1! ,Ve ill flic F LU12

55. The 2LI sowid of Ole vc.wel ?Y, is i's sh )Ft Olmo.
ill ,Ystc:, an'! is cqul; l ICA !o i fig. '12-Sce, P. I I-]

bi;. The Sound"or --is ff-ticr Ole ozA OC
jR -vihible, like Owl: of i in tjh ,, ame situaLioll, Is i Lke the I-j ,otuld c" c I- da:,9 ,,vvoro'(q if sououl alone wele c 0 V
IIC'Ilx(: (T :I I to 4"Is i-uli! is wLwmfplvcet! IL-- 11' it, i"ItAl ivJ[, 74e Y i tlwn a, loiig -uid
Gpeti as if th( )"-i il-, and Io! 11 u,:O C hltillli 0, y is i Ao
k;. That -,,, fil:11! is ;I vci cl iA 1IL;y 1) t" l:l rd 1 _, 'u
'ound:4 bIv oric -ld CA' S, E I e, S o n 4 Z !Id
11) --,ur a ln lnoer GIA, c -lch A PM iwt of' its i .Auial
!ell 1;th C (, e !, C-,'7, lftt -'r, C,?, ov, oj vo. ue, _U1, ;ire iko propi'l, ollp!lfl.o, 71!1d l; t';_1cc
th,14 il-Ir" of, ij, C are 'orntod l
(:oa]4:si_-Cll(',( lAil l -pii.attd Iliss ;11
moncrous i;on, &c. ; and by
C ;rccf ill ending ill wrc, vnel as, fv-: _Ic, &r. ; for the Jetteru whc-rdon% cxlidly C(),Av, i !, Olp vpv -of! -i s, c or _jud clr_ V, it iuit; tlie ol 1 5 if) 116I I 1- D.
ol. 'I'lle inqwop-c dip!lthorr s are c4, (aao, av, azc, ', Ce. I e ey, je P. 197 1"S. J_)
N el ", I
(,'t. The triidithr-w Iciviti-but LN o 9re nI(r-I
ocular, I I
and must -Q i cd witIt lbe proi vr ( 'I
ls, aye, eall, crlid. ?r-, 1 C, wIlf.-See H"S. D
C-2. Ac is soutll]L al c--S, p. 199, H"- D.
sounded like a it iil, i,,
qt* i s Ixd Ili I,
I)a I-L

Fro"qvaciuti". xi
i r, [JSO fik(, t T.,11(lor I-Seep. '
212, s. D.
A" is "Qlllvlvdliko j under fir' 3, ev ort when lbPoreed by n ;wtl arl( Iter conso-!nt-: ,e 2). 214, TV's. D.
h is ouncled like a under 3-&C 1). M W's. A
.,Ij j-; sou;)ded hko a undcr fig. 1% "'O, TY's. D.
18 sow-Aul lil-, a under fiz. 1, (-\c pt wlian it comes ilnwediale.ly aftev he accent in a finid Yli tble, rvh-n itis 1011nd"'ll likC Orti in Captaill, prollouncod
C3. E'-t h t i the first soulut of 0., (ilid 11 is is (-. :-Yrd it-- r g i I a r s oirt d it has anotlier calletl its ound, equivalort to the 'A FO.1114 of C.-Sec It's. I.
G ea rolled'; bo'orc r, it is al t to S1,41e "'I10 t1'f_'
sliorr r 11, nutubev 237. ki" I
C"'J. 1 a is a Fren"A.1 n1ther fl';'n 'M Engli" I) tr hd I C'e bein r tound only in wordL; froia tii,,t 1;r
!t' Sol"111 i.s fln'It ofo It4mT)er I-See v. 'l-F, V'S. 1).
EC, (I ph"llong i16 It words, excr-TA G'O :C Olat end
in r, has a sqw,eznA, wwn o. I'-Iri-ned I .y -a
*0 -Oof of' dl' t mou h
Closer application of tw lonau(' the Onarl in that vcwel sing )Y. Tld 4' 110;vever' r"ith i ;
a mnfrovertible point, and.re nn iy bQ considered as equivalent to t1w lon,, e. See p. 1146, W' F. D.
137.'1,'1 Fceirts to be the same as ey wben uttdi r acce, t, N 'b is like a, synonymous with a fig. 1.
C ,. Pi has the sound of)ong opon e under fil&. 4, in inamY
In some, that Ofi ubdel- fi2:. I.-See 11, W'S. J".
6D. Eo is quite anowilous in iis f otnid, sometinws
i, at other Swunded like el No. 1 0,

prece&l by tLe (lent ,Js or t, jnt- ,_ I:i. I
i I, to 01'%6 ind ofj.or tsk thlis hidcoi.,s and 1)-ii !ous are pro'I It L' nod pits -P -Sc,
lftAl A -ovs. -p. 263, O's. 1).
s 'I VIyF, solunded like v itnlpr fin I or czo.
J'Achise (.- is pronomwed like v lmi except a i I r; cz
strei,, and se o, whJeli axe sho, ,tru. und so. F ,e is pronnunced Yen% E-" ; is selm;"imos Sounotell like 00.
72. -Ey IvIAt2n tjjc -jccen oil it, i, (4 ,, o r e,
1 and ley are Vile only V I- n e ;
--22- A'- I e
is t i n acc e nte d i t i,,; s 4) u n d e d I ik e e,-. F ,,: i,; t1if, I n j t i I
773, la In flie t(.rmijja[ij)j)s ;jig, ;(111, and ;(Ie, fotrn' but one syll'61C.-Swo p. 272, TV's. A

xii Pritwoiplex of FrogumciaA4ion.
M4 The reomlar somund of ir is that of ee.-&e p 275,
W's. D.
75. In the numerical ermia'aionsipth, the vowels ought
always to be kept distiict.-&ep. 21, ',WIVs. Rl
76. When this diphithong helps to form the plural of nouns
it retains either the l011g Or Short soutdaLs the y did in the singular, asjty makesfties. The same may be observed of the 3d1 persons anid participles ofveb.-ep. 2812, W's. D).
77. lea occu1rs in few words, and is sounded like Y, No.
1st, ee 'in thle Word lireutennt where it is sounded like
I u nd e rA 2. -Sep. 2 84., WT. 1).
1~&~nthe ac-cept fills'on the Frs o letters iii, they
forywo distinct syl lales, as in viot.-See p. 287, TV's. D.
d9. In thle numerous t(errination Y'oa, io is prorunced in one syllable like u No; 2,' pept when it is
pre ededl by a liquid as mnion -he2o though but one'sy~hbLe, is heard di tsame. may be observed
when it is preceded by av oteconsonants, except and i, wh ere these Vi~oels a 4 tion and sion are proauc J Ats syllabile like the verb
hisn.-Seec p. 290), fJV's.~ D. "
810. The only exceptionto ti rule is, whten the t is precededbys:fl itis case te tgoiesinit /h.Seep. 291, 19'.D.
81.Th tipiton iw hen recedeilby a lui, or,
jan mte4u~adetaJs eneral heard distinctly in two

btwh en p')receded by~ the dexifals t, ,softr adst
vowels coalesce. into onei syllable, prio4no-n ie 'mh
sa esaa i t to aspilrioniobnes i'-', h~~

V 83iu. The pjongc as is rite yroneffa
fodr No. 1d esxcelattint ino rader Asanud -e
Ispoone 295,n. e W's. D.s.D

84. Oc is seldom found in tbe english, but In the, learned1
languages it is sounded like sigoe, as, in~~l & -e
p. 29(3, Wf's. D. ie
C5. The general and almost nunii'orsal Psound- of thle
diphthong- oi, is that of a in wate- and the firs.,t r i--1 eOre.

Principles of -Pranzincia~ioa. xiii
75, ~ This double sound is very distinguishiable in boil and many
other words.
,ht 86. The regular sound of the diphthong oo Is that heard
I I in rnoon, soon, &c. Oo has also a short sound as in w~ool,
ins &c. though there are a few exceptions to both 'of the above
in- o bservations.
lihe 87. Ou is the most regular aIsseMblage of vowels in our
?_ language, as in bound,found, &c. which miay Ibe called its
ke. proper sound]. It has also a s;ound like that of u in mnany
k words.-Ser 7. 313, Ws. 1).
88. The :id sounid'of ou is heard in zvoo, &c. 44h sound is
ey ~heard in 4houg, h, &x. 5thb sound, in ought1-, &c. flub sound, in
D. would, &c. 7th sou nd, in cough, &c.-Sep,-1. 315, &c. Ws. D.
70_ 89. The elementary sound of the diphthlong owo is the
AS same as the first sound of ou, and is heard in howo, now, &C.
)utbut ow sounded similarly to o under figure 1st, obtains in
ed ~many words,- s slowv, crowo, & c.-See p. 32_2, WT's. 1).
90. The diplithong oy is biut another fo)rm of oi, and is lut pronounced exactly like it.-&e p. 3219, W's B.
rb 91. When the a in the diphithong ua is pronou~nced, the
u has the power oif nz, which unites both ito one sy' liable.
Th ,, ftr i silent as in gizurd, &.-&ce p. 31 '. 92. The diphthong ite like ua when It forms only one or syllabhle, andl both letr se pronounced, has d tha one
To likel-Se P. :34, 11"S. D).1
A., 3. The diphthong its, when in a final -slal iinkb the
e, aud the it is sindedl as under; N'o. 1st, extcent in words where the r comies befo_,re i;, in tis case Itf is su Lnd'd like!
ots. In siome words u is silent and, e pronounced; in others
again vt and e are both dropped-See p. 335, Ws. DB.
941. The u in the diphthong- sgi as in vaand ue, when
both vowels are pronounced wvithxout forming two, syllables, is pronounced like -,c The Y6 after gis mute as in guilt.
X hen this diphthong is pre ceded by r, it is pronounced
lik eoo, as, ini bruise, &c.
9.The diphthong cqi, with the accent on it, sinks the ed U~i, anT3i pronounces the y like! i under fig. 1. ,Bu t When the
accent i.s not on) this diphthong, it is sounded like e under fgISep. 3415, TV'.D.
I 6.1 Ta ,,Ir~ Ofc th iml nd Dilphthoagal oaeels Cehllrrd L he Figureoer thec Letters in this -nork.
re ~ I a.The long slender; Enolish a, as in faute, paper, &c.

xiv Principles of Pronunciation.
p. 20 in this book, (or 73 in Walker's Dictionary.)
2 a. The long Italian a, as in far, farther, papa, .&c. p.
21 in this book, (or 77, W's. D.)
3 a. The broad German a, as in fall, wall,,&c. p. 22 in
this book, (or 83, W's. D.)
4 a. The short sound of the Italian a, as in fat, &c. p.
23 in 1his book, (or 81, W's. D.)
I e. The long e, as in nie, metre, here, &c. p. 24 in
this book, (or 93, W's. D.)
2 e. The short e as in met, get, let, &c. p. 25 in this
book, (or 95, "W's. D.)
1 i. The long diphthongal ;, as in pine, title,&c. p. 29
in this book, (or 105, W's. D.)
2 i. The short simple i, as in pin, tittle, &c. p. 30 in
this book, (or 107. W's, D.)
I o. The long open o, as in no, note, &c p. 44 in this
book, (or 162, W's. D.)
2 o. The long close o, as in move, prove,: &c. p. 45 in
this book, (or 164, W's. D.)
3 o. The long broad o, as in nor, for, &c. like broad a,
p. 22, and 48 in this book, (or 167, W's. D.)
4 o. The short broad o,. as in not, hot, &c. p. 47 in this
book, (or 163, W's. D.)
1 u. The long diphthong-A 7, as in tube, cupid, .&c. p.
50 in this book, (or 171, W's. D.)
2 u. The short simple V, as in tub, cup,I &c. p. 51 in
this book, (or 17t, W's. D.)
3 u. The middle or obtuse u, as in bull, pull, &c. p. 52
in this book, (or 173, W':. D.)
oi. The long broad o, and the short i, as in oil,:&c. p. 85
in this book, (or 299, W's. D.)
on. The long broad o, and the middle obtuse u, as in
thou, pound, sound, found, &c. p. 87 in this book, (or
313, I's. D.)
97. When the letter d is followed by ie, io, ia, eon, or a preceded by the accent, it is generally sounded like gzhk, or the consonantj; soldier is universally pronounced as if written soli-jer, grandeur., gran-ur, &c.-See p.376, W's. D.
98. The same observationsrespecting thelettertwill also t old true when it follows the accent, and is followed by ia, ie, lo, ius, or u, to draw it into ithe aspirated sound oftch or tsh; thus, nature, is pronounced, nr-tsitum creature, cre-4share.

I ~The ALPHABET.omvin Leiters. Itlck. NTames of Letters.
~ A a .4't
b. B b B? bee~
cC C see
d :D d D dee
Itbisi e E c F
f F f Fh H1 h HI watch
)in~~1 IjIior, eye
this~~ a Jy
k K k K kqq
1Ia L IL el,
nm m lit emi
n1 N 2ii, N enl
0-0 o 0
p P p P pee
q Qq Q cue
r R r ? ~ar
S S *s S s
t T t TP tee
U U 21 U U, or, you
v v v v '4ee
in w tWP double ii
071 X x X eks

Doub.le Letters.

~ -

18 SpelUng Book of the

Lesson 1. Lesson 6.
ba be bi bo Lu as es Is OS US
ca co cu ak ck I k ok u k
da de di do du av e-v I- v ov Uv fa fe fi fo fa at ct it ot ut ka ke ki ko ku ax ex Ix Ox ux
Lesson 2. az ez iz Oz uz
ga 90 go Lesson 7.
ha be bi ho bu bla, ble bli blo blu Ix le li lo lu eta 'Cie C11 CIO Clu ma me mi mo inu fla fle fll flo flu na ne ni Do uu gla gle gli glo clu
Lesson 3. pla ple pli plo plu
ra re ri ro ru Les son 8.
pa pe pi po pu bra bre brl bro bru sa se si so su era cre cri cro cru ta, te ti to W pra pre prt pro pru va ve vi vo vu gra gre gri gro gru M-a we wi wo, wu pha phe phi pho plju
Lesson 4. Lesson
ab eb ib ob ub cba cbe chl cho chu chy ac ec ic oc uc dra dre dri dro dru (Try ad ed Id od ud fra fre fri fro fru fry af ef if of tif sla sle sli slo slu sly ag eg ig og ug Lesson 10.
Lesson 5. Spa spe spi spo spu-spy al el il ol ul qua que qui quo. quy am em irn om um sha. she shl sho shu shy an en in on un sta ste sti sto stu sty ap ep ip op up ce cl Cy
ar er ir or ur ge gi gy

English L~agt,. 19

ska~ ske. ski -ko ska sky
tha tile ti tho thu thy
tra te tri tro ~tru try
Ssca sco seti
Lesson 12.
Sspla sple sqpli splo spill splyv
spra spre spri sprn spru Spry
stra stre sti Stro stru stry
s wa Swve ~w] SVo Swu Swty

r~ie, f~r, fil f~t-tn rnk-t-pine, lpin-n6, move, nMr, n6t
-t~be, tilb,, b6ll-indicate the sound of the 'voiels.
The figures over the letters refcr to the vowels in the
words at the t~op of the page, and mark thie son ds of the v owels in all the words over which they are placed. The
in ,ug &-c. has the 4th sound.
Word of oe Sylale

Wlg bigo bMg big d Cn ctp bit d!A fag dig dog du~g hen gap cit got
cag fi fog hug meon lap tilt hat.
91g gig' hog lug Penl map pit jot
hiag pig jog intg ten ra p sit lot rag wig log tug well tap, Wit not
G p. I*1e lip? We do so.
GoM, So~ am 1. Do so to us.
GoO on Do go on. Do as wedo.
Lesson 2.
M~n fb b~d be'd bid f()p be't biit
can job bad fed did hop get cut pan mob ]ad led lid lop let bhut
ran rob xniad red hid mnop met njut van sob sad wed rid top yet r~ut

Fkte, fir fill, fA(- m,ni j t-pjnc, pn Lessofi3.
Wilt gilt 1bA i d blCd 1)rilg cfd br~d melt hilt hand bred -.riag plod clad f(,dt mIlt land fled flag shod glad pel jilt, r and shied stag trod shla d

CI -I glt tbM 1) c1Phb Xi inp Ib 'np i'nd I](og s h fIt drab club callp jump bend fr-og smut crab drub lamij l ump leond grog slut s ca b gru4 vamjj pumup send
*AtM nix. An old mani.
A mad dog,. A bat can, fly.
A red mu,'g. Eat a bit.
A fly may g~ct Iin a cup~ ofhot tea!

Bind b"Ad callbillU n I~ (s t briml
11n hodfal ill 4ent lest gimH
mind sold g'ail l il lent nest skiMA kind fold hail ijll seut Jest simI win4. gold tall mill Nv.entf pest ti1 Lamin (6.
Jlice dice Ft Ide bide chge hke dine Ma1)c icIIe Jade ride pa ge cak( fine, trace niice made side r a~ make pine p ace rice -wa de wide wage wake wine fii ce lice jade title sage Lake minei Li-son 7~.
GMe cape pipe c~e dir~e d"Ie dive pale rape rpe~ hope 1iire h-KtQ five Sak- tape -wipew rope fire gat~ C b1v~e
v at ap type pope wire fa~te rI-INI

EnglItsh Langtwage. 21

Lesson 8.
5te file &~me f h.re bare bdne nise ote bile fame mare fore hione dose ote pile came rare tore cone hose ote vile liame tare wore tonie rose.

A dog met a bad boy and bit himn.
All of us, my son, are to die;
And if we do no ill, we go to jy G~o not in the way of bad men.

Lesvson 1.
Nink bish Nlet brhce price brine anik flush sheet chiace slice shine : firaik plush street grace spice swinle
prank crush -greet space twi:e twne11 Lesson 2.
Baind bk~ss cimie bra ke b1'4de bL'me f grand (Iress chime choke spade flame }stand press pime cloke trade shame trand stress slime smoke shade frame Lesson 3.
jr-hNe hUnce ince bked.
~dak wsae crate sHInce breed

22 Spelling Book of ie
FAte, fAr, fll, ft-mb, m6t-pine, pin.
flke snhre grave prince prince spied spake spare shave sense rinse steed
Lesson 4.
And ill Age his rich Iss dbke life 4ct ink aim has held mess mule wife t fAtct aid hast if kiss rule safe 611 fan ace hath d~ull miss time male ebb I ~ft ale add till tush tune save egg self ape 6lf will- bus mute here end else ice pen well. desk maze robe
The eye of God is on us all the day.
We do no act but He can see it.
If we go In or out, His eye is on us.

Lesson 5.
Glade snhke trAct cThunk clAmp black grade glaze pact crank champ crack s hav e cI raze plat shank cramp match wave prate saig plank spasn patch quake slate fang clamp splash itch stage shape rang thump crash vetch

Lesson 6.
Mine sire strife bride brick strive spine quire fife chide kick spike vine spire trite glide chick splice gripe mire quite pride click strike snilpe smite squire vice lick ride stri site sie tric upe ce

English LanguagA 23
n10, mrove, n6r, nat-tdhe, tab, baill.
Exanpes of the formation of the plural from tie
singular, and of other derivatives, in
Lesson 7.
nie, nImes ca mp, cAmps sllve, slrVes dOme, dames clamp, clamps brave, braves gale, gales lamp, lamps stave, staves scale, scales scalp, scalps mate, mates cape, capes map, maps state, states grape, grapes plant, plants' mind, minds crane, cranes pliak, planks line, lines shade, shades flag, flags snare, snares grade, grades bank, banks snake, snakes

All work and no play, makes Jack a dull boy; But all play and no work, makes him a mere
In a few weeks I hope to read well. I will make the best use of my time.
Lesson 8.
k cakes chIp, chAps 'shike, shakes
flake, flakes flank, flanks ;spade, spades hope, hopes shine, shines pipe, pipes note, notes slope, slopes wire, wires blote, blotes fold, folds hive, bives

24 Spellinig R~ook of Mhe
F~ite, fAr, fill, fkt-m6, nait-plne, pla.
dibe, chibes v~te, v6tes pine, pines
grave, graves con~e, cones fade fades
street, streets bone, bones mill, mills
shieet, sheets cldb, clhs hill, hills Lesson 9.
side, sidles IlifeI lives t6e, toes vale,~ vales hive, Miles woe, wroes
w if v wIves drive, drives 1do e, dos p)Ad, pildcs drove, dIroves brick, bi leks IA. lads robe, robes kick, kicks
blank, blank-;s 1) 1)t, spi's stick, sticks
C11oke, ch '-kes 11ag, flags bride, brides cloak, cloaksz mlare, mn~res Ofre, fires smoj(ke; s Ik tare, tares sim-ll, slL'
flame, flames -1 ate, g-a-tez swimswm
stthd, si s sillite' smnitles tIck, tricks
4 hope I shall1 Dot be a dJunce. I wis;h I
could ite. Here is a new book. I know hiow to read it. I. am gladly I cani read. Take pains. Try to read well.

Worch of &Wo syllables.
When 'the stress of voice 1-51s on a vowelI, it is necessarily hf~ng, and is marked by the Sgure L. When the stress Of vice falls on a consonant, tlhe preceding rowel is nece~isarily short,* and is inarkpd by figure 4, if it be aJ. o but if it be e, i, or is, it iii marked bY figure 2. The iigures are placed ovvr th~e vowels of the accentedl .yllables : and one figure nzarks all the words that follow,.v tlitis contradicted Vy another gr.
Some e'eonas d, nge(r.

n6, m6ve., n6r, n6t-tfibe, tu1),
Bh ker f6 vior 11h I-nail m6,dish bri cr fi nal i Cy mo ment
ci der fla Zrant i (lot ne (Yro
era zy flu ent i vy 0 Ver
CA er fo cus ju, ry pa gan
em el fru gal 311 lep pa per
(11 at fi, el ]a dy pa, Pist
(11 et (Y] 0 ry ]a zy pi lot
du ty gi ant le ,at pli ant
dy er gra vy li ar PO et
dra per gru el lion pre cept
fa tal ho ly ma ker pra dent
qui et spi der va grant Mn ber

Clean yoiir teeth. Wash your nioutlis. The i your breath will be sweet. Take sonic bread and clicese. Wbo gave you these pears? James g-ave them to us. Thank Ijim for thein.

rh ker st6 ry va ry An kle
re at stu. deDt vi per bat lad
ri er stu pid vi tal bank er
ri ot ta per vo cat bait ter
ru by tra der wa fir balp-tist
ril in ti dmg i wa ges bat ter ra ter to Ff wa gex Ult ter
ru ral to tal NVO fid bit ter
sa cred tri at a' 1) bot blun der se cret tru ant ac tor buf fet
sba dy t1i mult ad der bur gess sl lent tu tor ad vent c3r rot z 0ber Va Cant at min chan net

26 ~Spelling Book of ilie
F~te, fair, fAll, fiit-m int-pine, pin.
clAp man 'EAc t or ge'n try inl step chap ter fiag ot git) bet In to
chat ter fall cy gip- SY jes ter chil dren phani tomn glimt mer ken nel cill y fat hug) gut ter kinl dred cim der f~r ret g)Ul let king- dom cut ler fil let gun ner kins in-an
d~ln ger flin net gus; set ld dter aian gelI flat ter -ut ter ]anl ternl dif f&r flit ter lM- let lap pet d in ner ~fi-n ii ic han sel lat ter drum imer fimi net, hap jiy let ter el der gAl lop" hin der Ilrn ber

There 'is a poor fly In tIW~ milk. Take it out. Put it onl t1i'S dry cl6th. P~oor thing! It Is not qtute 'dead it moves; It shakP-s its wings ; it Awants to diq them : see how it wipes then with its feet.
em h )ers ,gAin mon ljMn dred lim ncer em blemi gaii der him ter lit ter enl ter gar ret inl sect luck yinAin mon pam per rec tor sh"It ter mnan nia pan nel remi ntant shep herdmanil nler pan try rev el Shit Hung
in ,t tron pat tern ren der sig, nal Mntmbe pam troll ren net sit ver
m e. r ry pt'n cil rub bish sin ner '1 m 'e e y sd dier .slAt tern
mit tenl pep per sal lad sqlen dler mur der pil lar san dy Slum ber
m111d dy pil fer sat InI sImug( gle

7 Enlghsh LawmIq 27
0 ge
n6, m6ve, new, n6t-t6be, Wb; NIL
infIr mur pil grim dal st p per
mut ter PlImi met s ca t, t e r spir it
num ker PUP py -Cl dom splen did
.wit inoct Him iner *;el fish splen dour
imr,, fing ran soin, sen tence splin ter
s cli m in e r tim ber ut ter c6n queSt
sdbJect tren eber Nved ding coil sul
sud den trum pet wil fill coil Vert
suf I x tum ble -%vil ling doe tor Sul lell Wr key wis dom dross sy snI try vel lum art less dol Jar smil. mon Vel Vet art ist fod der
tAl ly ves sel lAf ter fol ly
it' tan ner Vic, tim cliop, per fop p1sh
tat de vul gar com ment lior rld,
t6m per ug ly com mon joc key
ten der tin der coil dtict jol ly
ten dril lip per con cord mot to ten ter ut niost con gress oil set
16ffice ;(,)t fish ktr nel "erinon of fer Cler gy mer Cy ser pent
pt ter er rand per feet ser vant rob ber her init per son ver imn

_-DaftTABLE V.

It"Ords of two syll(1610j, accented on the second.
Ase a rn'ze be b6ld con s6me
a bide as pire COM ply con trol
[a dore a toile com pute ere ate

F Spelling Book- of MICi
Ma~e, far, AllI, fat-md, nit-pine, pin.
alike at tire corn plh~te de cide
a1 lude ~be fore con tine de clare a lone be have con jure de duce dlefy en force inflame pro mote
dlefine en gage in trude re bate
grade en rage in Sure re buke
de note elnrot in cite re cite
de pute enl sule mis nayne re dline dIe rive ell tice inis Pface r~e duce dAlik~e en tire i -ue re late

dis robe for swon rs emn

Threi a po blind m4 .n' the 4oarlie does not see us' uh we e o near Itimf. A boy leads ij from door o 4oor.-O! It is a Sad thing ,to hobid! Poor mani!

ldi th'ste fore s~eii par ta'ke re pIte di vine im brue >per spire u11 glue ca nAl dis miss im pend

dish 291
Ili", w6ve, n6r, nA-blbe, lti'4, Will.
tin kind col I cf dIS sePt im plAntlun lace Coill pel (its tinct im pre'ss
U11 ripe coil duct dis trust iin print
un sal'e con tend (Its tr lct in cur
1,J) rbpt con tent dis teirb ill dent
ab surd cor rect ef f-(,cA in fect
ac cept C o r I'llpt c, ill] in fest


fine Melon. A cobbler mends old shoe ,,
A cold Nlittcr. Linen is made of flax. I-A Avarm cottalg(-. The roNn sliigz4 swcolyThe t1d), gli-I. Bees jitake 'wax and bojiev.
in flict por tend se dAn mi Itu'rt
in still I wo teII4 se Met Tlh IUR11,
III struct 1we diet sub ject- d i- b A
ill VeA Project sub niit die P Irt i
IMS Vive Pro tect stib trzAct dis ;IFM
Ims print Pro test. sus PC' Ilse dis carfl UJIS trust re cAnt trAns ilet e -n balm
IDO log re fit. traas cc' nd cm Iyark
neg lect re, IAX traits -re-s eil ch 'mt
ob strut, Ire init trans PlAnk pit I ArPQ
oc cur re pres ci tve pati,, 141Z Z'
offvnce re trAct Ull apt
I till

30 Spelling Book of ite
FAte, fAr, fill, fN-nA, mrnt-pine, pin.
o mnit re trench un be'nd un batr op press ro bust un fit ab ber per m1it ro m~nee un hinge re v~1ve re V61t de f~r per vert de te'r die spend di vest per verse in fer un 'lock in verse re fer in ter con ca'rt in vert con fer in) tend

Then cackles. The turkey gobbles.The raven croaks. Do not trouble mne. When you have done wrong, ceonfess it. Try to excel others in learning Be content %vith what you have. Attend to what the teacher says.


Word* of three syllables accented on the first.
Cr ci fix i ronDy pb et ry sttiipi fy cru el ty i vo ry pri ma cy tu te lar de cen cy la-zi ness pri ma ry va can cy di adem li bra ry pu ri ty va gran cy di a lect In na cy re gen cy ab do men dra pe ry no ta ry ru di ment al le gro droll e ry nu mer al se ere cy ad mi ral du ti ful nu tri ment scru ti ny at co ran flu en cy o ver plus si mo ny an imal M
annDual cAb inet dUtri ment Cm bry o acci dent can is ter dif fi dent em e raid a] i ment can ni' bat dif fer eat em per or ad a mant can opy dif fi cult en e mny

English Language. 31

Am ity cV pitaI digniulty 'n mi ty am- nies ty c-has ti ty dii i gent en ti ty ar ro ganit ciii na mon div i dlend ep i grara bar ris ter cit I zen dul ci Imer es Cu lent hilt te. ry cl1A r I fy ec sta cy ev e ry ben e fit clas sI cal edI I tor f: 'c ul ty big a my cl'm. en cy ef'fi gY fac to ry big ot ry cler i cal el e ment fnrn i ly but ter fly cur ren cy el egy fdon0 y CAI I CO cyl iM (let- emt bas sy fes ti val cal en dar den I zen eb o ny fini i cal

Think before you speak. Do as your parents desire you. Do not provoke any body. A good boy delights- his friends. Unripe fruit is not wholesome. Awake, it is time to get up. Bees will fiot AtIDg US, if we let them alone.

fish e ry in te ger m~n i Test p~r al lax gMA Ian try ]in tel fect muan i fold par a.i lel gal le ry in ter est, man ier ly par a pet gar ri son in ter val mar in er par i ty gen er al Jus ft fy me'd i cal pa' tri ot gun ne ry leg acy mel ody p~d an try h~p pi ness leni1ty memto ry ped i gree he'r at dry lep ro sy mes sen ger pen af ty im plemzentlev 1 ty mil liii er pen) u ry im pu dent lib er ali min er al pes ti lent

cre ment lib er ty min is terpi r

:32 Ilook, /' the
Fitte, f1r, JUIJA-mk,,m t-pirje pin,
in di gly I'- a mont mik cu lar pr'w t'l Cal in dus try lin e at myste ry prin ci ]):If
kil fm cr lit a ny nat I] ral pub Ii call
I im f (it try lit er al pail o ply pulic til al in 1i del fit ur gy par a dox pun gen ry
pyr a mid
iiia tru ment lux 11 r,
y par a Pon

rad i Cal S'en a for tAm a rjud vic to ry Irar i ty sen ti ment tap es irv Vil la nv
if lar, sen t.1 Del te'm po ra vin 0 gar rem ly se, r aI tell de-,cy ur gen cy
rib idd iv sit Ja bub ten e njent I v 'I gr 0 n Der rev er end sim i far te r 6 y wil der ness
I I-it u A siwgu lar tes ti' t'V har bin er riv A-1 let sin is t6r tes La ment liar mo ny sAc ra ment slip pe ry typ i cat barp sl chord

That boy is happy lwciuse lie Is good.
He perf'ornis his woi-k- qui(Aly and well,
Read alond, but, not Wo loml.
Take care to avoid a toile.
Do not miscal the Nvords.

s A I a ry scib sl dy tit I. Ill: C(')d i:61 sat i5 fy sum ma ry tvr all liv col o fly
Is G u far sup ple ment i a g a bond conl e d-V ,ed i ment Svnj Die try van i ty com i cat C611 J'D Pit nom i Dal pop u bir q61 i ty
con ti nent Oc u lar pov er ty quan tj ty
'COUL tm balld oc eu py poll der ops quan da ry,
'o .t
0 c
icon tra Ty of ficer prob i ty c6r ti y

10 ry
doe u ment -or .1 tor prod -i g741 mer cu ry
Arop S, CA or i in I)ro4i gy per ff dy

'glob i! I; tr ov na ment jworn i Dent 1)er.jujyp 'i "I
2,j os sa ry- or re ry prop er per ma Dent
ALos pi tal -ot to min pros 0 dy 1) e r ti, n e; I t
Aot te rV pol i Cy prot es tant I-eg u late
nion u ;nent pol i tick (ludd ru tied ter ma g;int c''e trl

English Languag~e. 331
n6b, move, nt~r, nMt-t~Ibe, bb, buuLl


Words of three syllables, aiccem ted on the second.

A Uase ment di p16 ma tes 6~ tor
a gree ment en rot ment tes ta trix al 11 ance ca tice mcnt trans la tor al lure muent e qua tor trans pa rent ap parent lie rick tri bu nal
ri al il le gal ver ha tim
a miaze mnent im pru dent vol1 ca no1 a tone ment oc ta vo un e qual
co e qual op po nent vin minid ful
Conl fine infent Po mna turn a hlin don cou troll er prime v'al ac c~ts torn deci pher re ci tal aff~c ted
de co ruin re li ance ag gres sor de nial re qui tal a mend ment
de cri al re vi val ap par el
dec port. ment spec ta tor ap p~n dix do po nent sub scri her as cen dant tdic t a tn f sur vi Ver as s-,'s sin
-is Sein bly di min ish hys t~r ick at tMch Dwiit dis sen ter in ces sant fit te'n daint dis tern per in clern CIt be gin fling dis tin guish in cum bent be wil der di ur nal in hAb it
co h0ib it dog uift ick in sip id col le', tor do ine's tick in trin sick con sid er dna mAt ick, in vatl id. VII till gnt. e ject ment ma lig nant con rw ton em bAr rass MO nAs tick

34 Book 0
rate, filr f4l, Et-lr, ., 311CA-Pille, Pin.
me c 31 n te r em hel lish noc fi r nal
de lin quent cin p-'An nel pa cif Ick
Id c fiv er en camp mcnt 1w (10n tick
de iner it e quip ment po lelm Ick
Ae tAch ment er rAt ick pre cep tor
di le'm 'ma es tab lish pre ten der
-My parents provide many things for me. I
:should always be grateful to them. I iN ill try to obey their cominautis aiid misses. Th-e
'll come Nvllcn we- I
must die. I will try
to Nvalk with the j u,;t a4d do gpod.
ro 140 it re pub lish ad m(')Fl Ish
pro lifick rc, m in tjc k as ton ish
pro te.c tor sle que't, -ter tie I-nol IA
Pu is sqiit: s 1
pe cif ICA (1*8 sol velit re dun dant s.ur mn der fin niod est
'ill re freshmnit to b6tcco Im m6r tal Ire ]M qtjlsh trans c 61 deiit Ini P-Os tor re lue- tallf tralisgre's sor fin prop !vr,
ze -e inell-tber, tri uMph ant In con stant
e JACT1,3sh, um hrel la ill Sol vent
c plov in, b6l ish im moc nl
e pug nant ac com pliSh un god'iy

r TABLE V111.
Ic Tvor,4 of thrc. accented on the third.
a m(-')(le o ver thke in cor r6eA
it ter ni,
flev 0 tee r-vc on cl I ix
grce r(,f u 0-ce
dis a 0 Ver ruill

E? ,Wi8h 351,
P6, m6v4 n6r, n6t-Uibe, t6b, bCdl.
dis-es t6elh su per skle, o ver t('11,11 Idoin 1 neer su per scribe rec ol lect iin ma ture vol un tecr rec ow inend illl por time tin (ter mine rep re bend lin com mode ap pre hend sii per Add Ini ter cede- con de scend un der stand in tro duce con tra dict un der s611 ifils ap ply dis posst -,S un con cern mis be Itave in di rect dis con nect

,ne falcons ar( birds of the hawk kind. In times past, people tamedan& trained them to take other birds, at; the do- IS USed in hunfirig, other beasts

Mords of four on the fir ;t.
Ui mi na ry Ig no inin y se'd en ta ry i i 't ii a ry
',-no men ta ry In ti ina cy S"a tic, ga to ry in tri ca cy Amp tu a rj bre vi a ry in ven to.,ry ter ri t-o I-V ac cu ra cy mAn da to ry tes ti 1110 Ily ac ri mo ity mat ri mo ny trib u ta ry ad in rat ty m('r cc na ry per emp to ry ad ver sa ry rnis cel la ity sub lu na ry ial i mo ny Inil i ta ry con tro ver sy at le: go ry pAt ri mo ny mon as te ry c6r c wo ny plan e ta ry ob sti na cy 21) ell (J
cu-, tom'a ry pre a ry prom is "40 ry Jet, I ca CY- pref a to ry prorn oji to v

36 SvmWiim r Rook oY' the
4 rAtp, fAr, All, fAt-rn rn t-pinc,4pin.
d1f fi cut ty --pilr ga to ry v('Pl un ta ry
Idil a to ry, ,qfl u ta ry. ob du ra cy
le ep I 1CP sy, 'sanc tu a ry com men ta ry
le (IM Is sa rV, see re ta ry <,.oil t a ma cy
IC Coll tu Me ly het er o dox s6p W a gint
le drom e da ry IIne a ment
com mis sa ry pa' tri ot ]sill

bears are black. They live Jn the Sh Woods, and eat nuts, corn, aTid flesh; they bave
0 large teeth, and sharp ela'ws.



'P Words of four syllables, accented on & -Second
P! n
r( A 6 ri al cri t ri o out r ge ous ly
all nu i ty C lu d I ble ob seu ri ty ar mo ri al fki ta ri ty ob Oin 'a ble I ri cell tu ri on gram ina ri an pro prl P ty .rt -, -ra tu i tv Se Cu ri ty
cot le I al
corn tau In cant bis ta rl all so bri e ty
coin Intl ni ty 11 bra ri an va eu i ty con c1ru I ty ma te 6 at va rl C IV
con nu bi at ma tu rl ty ab s4r di ty
cor po re at me ino ri at ac tiv i ty
cre du It ty mer cit ri at e loc, fil cal ad ill'in is ter co im cl dent em pyr e al ad ver sl ly c6l IR er al c pis CO pal
a dul te ry COM par I ',Oil e I)lt o' Ine
af fill I ty Coln C I tor e quiv a 1,iA

no, m4ve, Or, net-blbe, tub, b611. ,y com Pill so
nl o ry c quiv o cat E
nat'o my I con jec ta ral c viln gel ist
an tag o nist con spir a cy c vk I u at
ar tit le ry con stit u ent fa 61 A tyla vid i ty de cliv ily ;( r tit i ty
bar bAr i ty de lin quen cy fes tiv i ty bru tal i ty de prSv i, ty del i ty
ca lava I ty di, am e ter for m5l i ty e cap fi, i ty dis par i ty fru gal i Ay
ce lib a cy di vin i ty gram, m at i cat
ci Vil'i ty ef kc tu at ha: Wit -u, at
bos tit i ty pre c1p, i tant as tr6l o, gy
hu uAn i tv pre (lie a ment as tron o MY hu Mil i ty pro fun. di ty bi og r,4 phy i den ti ty pros per i ty com mod i ty
im Dien si ty ra pid I ty con com i tAnt
jin ped I ment re clip ro cat de moc ra cy
j u rid i cal re p(ib li can de spon deli cy
le vit i CA sab Nit i cat e con o my [on gev i ty sa tai) i cat, ge ome, try ma lev o tent seur ril i ty by poe ri sy ma lig ni ty se ver i ty me trop o lis mil len in um sig nif i cant mo op. 0 ly
]no T-31 I ty se ren i ty Ina jor i ty mu inWi cent sin cer i ty mi nor i ty
J)a fiv I ty. so lem ni ty pre dom i nate
ne ces si ty su prem a cy pri or i ty
no bit I ty ter ribs tri at tau tol o; gy nu mer i cat tran quit li ty ver bos i I ty loin nip o tent ty rAu ni cat ad ve'r A ty par tic u lar va lid i ty di ver-'Isi ty


38 Sj)cIh'I I9 Book of the
FAte, Eir, fill, fAt-inj, ni t-pine, pin.,
per pet ii al ve wil I ty ter ni ty
po lit i cal a pot o gy hy per bo le
po lyg. a my a. pos ta cy pro ver bi at
pos ter I ty Vj CID i ty sub ser vi ent

Wordsy'folir, illlables; the jull accent, on'the third,
and the ha f accent on thefirst.
An te eel dvnt det r4* me'n tal
ap, pa xa tu.- en ev get ick
com men ta tor fait da men tal
me di a Aor in nu en do
sa. cer do tal mal -- A c tor
sys tem. at ick Inan I AS to
ac ci de'n tal at mos plier -.ck
ar o in m e-yi o rAn dum
'it ick
r cal i mail co o rl C'n tal
r or na inen tid cor res p'n dent
pan C, yr icA hor I zoll 11,4
pred e ces sor u ni ver saI
sci en tif ick un der stAnd illTARLE X11.
Difficult and ii-rcOar Jlono, elllkUrs.
NoTi. Italicised s in all tve following td)ies Sucildc(I like z
Bhy cMy rAil 111111 jjr ,
day way frail Soall Chain
hay My wail I grain
I-ay bray mail wd Slaill
:5 4Y stray nail maid t raii I

English Language. 39
n6, ma6ve, n6r, nt-tmdbe, tib, bill.
mhAy slay trhil stair rhin
pay spay bail swear main
pray jail ail wear plain
sway pail hail bear spran
fray sail tail tear stain
twain tray change squeal creed
vain gay strange beer heed
wain slay blaze. peer mead
paint play be deer knead
quaint beard pea fear reed
plaint date sea dear bleed
aim tale tea hear breed
claim staid flea near plead

No man may put off the law of God:
My joy is in his law all the day.
0 may I not go in the way of sin!
Let me not go in the way of ill men.

mkim laid yda r&ar dbem
waif paid key veer seem
stage braid leap drear cream gauge air neap clear dream
plague chair reap shear stream vague fair cheap steer beam
bait hair heap bier steam
great pair steel tier seam
gait lain kneel year gleam
Vwait pain teal cheer scream
plait strain feel here fleam strait gain keel blear fream
graze blain deal ear ream

40 Spelling Book of th4e
FAte, fAr, fAll, fAt-m, mnt-pine, pin.
praise drain h&dal sar tQam
raise fain meal smear least
baize faint peel spear feast raze taint reel tear waist
maize saint seal queer beast
share trait steal deed priest
brave haste veal feed east
knave paste weal need reef
break waste zeal weed grief
steak baste peal bead brief
spray chaste beal lead chief
stay taste ceil read leaf
gray traipse eel seed scoat

Mark the path of the just man; The end of such is joy. While we are young, a year seeinms a long time, But when we are Iold, years seem short.

shaf t6at sl6eve 1Iague sleight
fief beak grieve teague bright
lief leak reeve tweeg fight
beef weak leave leash blight
plea bleak lieve liege fright flee sneak reave siege flight bee speak reeves dry wight
deep freak eaves by wright
keep squeak greaves fly clime
weep reek freeze cry rhyme
steep cheek sneeze sky knife
sleep wreak breeze lie climb
creep leak ease die smile


English Langiguage. 41
n6, m6ve, u6r, n6t-tdbe, tub, bill.
shbep scr~ak squeeze eye (72) stile fleece shriek cheese buy guile
peace sleek frieze try mild
cease streak please fry child
lease seen seize pie wild
'geese bean tease wry bride
niece clean speech high stride
piece mien leach nigh guide
grease queen- beach sigh guise
crease wean reach tide fro
meet keen teach seine doe
bleat glean screech hie toe
cheat spleenr breach vie foe

Clean books look much The best; then we
must try to keep ours clear of dirt, and not let
a leaf get torn, or bent down at the edge.

trat dban blach light b6w meat green each might mose
seat quean peach height tow
feat yean fiend night row
beat lean yield right owe
neat mean shield sight flow
feet heave wield ti ht glow
peat cleave field slight blow
slow roast loan hoarse rue
know coast shown. source shrew
grow toast old coarse spew
snow more told board stew
stow four cold. hoard tew (71)

2/ -.1

42 Speling Book of the
Fte, fRr, fall1, fst-min, mt-pine, pin.
strbw dor m]Ild gdurd ydw (71)
dough floor port sword chew hoc roar fort hone clew
sloe boar sport oaf ewe (71)
mole hoar court loaf slue
pole oar goad due (93) mew
sole soar load true cure
foal oat toad you, pure
goal boat woad glue your
roll doat soap sue rude
poll coat froze dew prude
boll goat close few shrewd
toll moat prose new crude

Rest in the Lord, and mind his word.
My son, hold fast the law that is good.
We must not tell lies, nor do hurt.
We must not hurt those that hurt us.

s6ul blbat chbse pbw (71) fetd scroll float coach lieu rheum
coal joke poach view musb
shoal oak roach flew bruise
bowl croak broach grew use
knoll cloak folks screw cruise stroll soak coax brew spruce
troll tone foath blew use
brogue own roam drew juice
rogue known comb knew crue vogue grown loam crew frf (94) most, blown shorn hew sluice
pot flown sworn strew(71)bruit

gsh Language. 43
n6, mbve, n6r, n6t-tdbc, tdb, bill.
hWst mbwn mburn shew(7 I )sdit
ghost sown force slew mewl
boast moan course blue lure
jamb chick delve skill jolt lamb speck vAMve spill bolt plaid vreck guess chill dolt S limb meant breast ditch moult
gaunt sense guest pitch coat
dense tense sweat witch d6st (48)
hence bench~? debt twitch curl
pence clench stem niche hurl
fence stench phlegm hinge churl lapse quench wink singe drum

Do as well as you can, and do no harm.
Mark the man that doth well, and do so too.
Help such as want help, and be kind. Let
your sins past put you in mind to mend.

flt w~nch pink cringe ddimb
gnat wrench cinque fringe crumb cash drench prism twinge numb clash fetch schism glimpse plumb gnash sketch chip since much strap wretch skip rinse such wrap spend ship wince touch
shall friend strip teint crutch
bled blend scrip brick burst dead badge spin stick stuff
steat fadge chin kick snuff
read dram twin wick rough,

44 Spellin Rok f h
FVte, fAr, U1l, fth-m mtW-pirie, pin.
tr 'ad edge -skin quick toi~gh
briead hedge gilt -! it plump dread Wed"ge built knit stump spread sl1ed(Ige quilt twif rm
-cre lege bild live lurch head sedge drift sieve ehu ch heard pledge shift ridge young cleanise dredge ( swift nlone(48),gulf realm fledgre twist St( I ymph deck bridge Wris't WOcIe yn
neck b IlIge risk b1t judge i eck. helve shrl 1. Colt grmldge 1d ud e 0st L1,1w11 squ1,1 ll c11)?ghl trudge tostc brain yal tog
shrub w,,lr spaw,,n awl f(,)k
scrub fo r yawn i aulI cork
0J1ulge n1or laued tll hawk gn1rge taug,,ht f-a ud SmllI balk
crge cgh t broad craw wval purge brought cord brawl talk plunge sougt lord bawl chk curse ought ward caul stalk purse wrought gauze drawl c M~w fought caus-e wart daub
shaw groat pause sort bawd
taw fraught clause short warp
maw Daugh oc ut~ws
raw fom Scorch snopt want
paw storm gorge bald sauce
saw swarma all scald bad4n
awe warm 'tall (Iff. calmi

English Languge. .4
n6, mve, n6r, n6t-tbe, tdb, bil.
fndvw b6rn fMl oft phlm
straw corn hall loft psalm
flaw warn gall soft qualm
draw corse pail cross alm chaw horn ball dross bAsk
claw morn call moss cask
haw fawn N all loss ask
craw lawn maul hrse mask
paw dawn ra l corpse task
cst pawn sprawl dwarf rk
1bhrk starve ddunt ghpe knock dark arm flaunt 4 earn drop
hark ltarm haunt darn crop
This life is not long; but the life to come has no end. We must pray for them thathate us. We must love them that love not us. We must do as we like to be done by. mArk chArm j.unt bArn shbp lark arm taunt yarn shock
park harm vaunt bar wan
spark art cAst far swan
arc cart past scar gone
shark dart last spar wash
stark hart vast star swash
asp mart blast tar watch
clasp part fast czar was
hasp tart mast car wast
rasp start mass char knob gasp smart pass jar swab
grasp chart lass mar wa
hArd heart bass par dodge

46 Spd1inig Book of the
F.Ate, fir, fAll, EAt-mt, in t-Pine,-Pin.
bard st~ff -bniss barb' ldge card chaff claFs garb) bodgr lard hhlf glaiss Carle podge guard call' grass marl fossec hard laugh airch sn arl bond yard c raft17 march chance fonud brlnch shl a ft parch dance w-&nd. R~Inmch w1aft starC4 prance strong stJanch raft harsh lnce wrong hxawch drauglht Charge ac oc
blhc aft Ia tance scotch
crainch haft b ~e scar-p mosque SCarp I pant farce lUst *blot

A bad life will make a b)ad end.
bHe must live well that w ould dlie well.
He doth live Ill that doth not mend.
In time to come we must do no ill.

I Arp grAnt piArse, swAp yP h sh,,a rp slant calve dock d I" (f Scarp ant halve mock Iilt
ca rve aunt Salve dckk salt
malt sp001 w6o r6of stirp (32),
fut droop proof loof chirp vault scoop -woof soon jerk fAse troop loose hoop perk wrnse loop goose coop smerk d Jom soup moose poop yerk
roomn group rpoon fill quirk boomi hoop roost bull herb
oom11 boot root pull verb)

English Language. 47
n6, mbve, n6r, n6t-tdbe, tib, bll.
bl6omin c6ot fibot (86) wbol (86)fir (32) groom hoot shot bhh myrrh
soon soot book push fern
tomb moot cook pass earn
broom food hook earl yearn
coom ood look pearl learn
boon brood took skirt (32)stern
moon mood nook verse kern
noon move crook fierce quern
loon prove look pierce search swoon groove rook tirce perch bouse noose shook herse swerve poor choose croup terse wert tour lose wood verge son (48)

Cows supply us with milk, of which butter and cheese are made; their flesh is called beef; of their skins, our shoes are made; of their horns, our combs; and of their tallow, our candles.
m60or bbose st6od(86)strge ruin boor ooze good dirge ton (48)
cool wound hood virge won fool coo could vert done
tool two would term one*
stool do should firm come
pool shoe wolf germ some
dloom loo h6of sperm bomb
cl'mb 6nce f611 pl6Igh spdise
rh6mb(4s)monk boil brow browse
Pronounced zun.

j4~ Sp~h ook of thc
FAte, fdir, f41a t-m6, mat-pine, pin.
dh-t t,) Igue( I8) ceI1 b&ligh cltVid shirt bircA join, Slougi~h drowxse 4Wrt sponge (48)colin out crowd wort he'ir (67) loin1 Stout loud

spirJ sley boy trout shroud
yquI rt pry jy gout bod
kirk grey toy 'pout hound
work wgh COY lu pound
bird eigh cloy ru ron
Word fle~gh lirnoy shout sound fi rs t reig(In pit spout ground worst veil joint scout wound
w~s fegnQ7)vice doubt folly

Sinl 'will lead usq to painl and wvo. Love that mIch is; good. and shun vice. flate no man, but love both firends and foes. A bad man can, take no rest, day nor night. If I have done haimii, I must do0 it no more.

Iflood skein moi0st droughAt ounce sir rein hobtA our scowl
tier eBight Joist sour cw stir (:31) freigh t noisr b--rown growl worl](48)Weig-t (q716t crown owl1 world strei-g1ht coif down howlA front tetc qu, oif drownl fowl
ront fe it 6 frown founnce,
Wont Veil DlOW Clown COUCh

English Language. 49
n6, m6ve, n6r, nit-ttihe, tdb, bUL.

d6ve (48)b?11 cowv (89) gown v6ech love oil how town slouch
shove spoil bow hiouse pouch
glove(48) soil mow louse gouge
twirl broil sow Mouse loun1ge
dunce toil vow douse pour

The following have the first SOUndI Of TH, Vi.-. as in
thick, thin.
T hr~n thr~at thowl thick hIth truth them-e thr~w -thrift ruth youth thigh thrice thumbb pith sheath thief thrive thump theft heath faith throntC leDgth thAtCh both blowth throe strength thill
oath growth throve breath thrid forth quoth thing death thrill fourth ruth think health thrush Sloth teeth thin wealth tilth three thane thAnk threat thwack With filth thought wrAth third(31) doth frith thorn throb thirst smith plith fr')th throng worth 1
thrust spilth thrAll thong mont. thrum tlbAw thwart t6oth ,fifth thread cl6th warinth through tvrdath Stealth mo~th swath earth s&Ith thrAsh broth pAth dearth mouth
*t'pth troth hearth birth(32)sixth

50 Spelling 41ok of the
FAte, fAr, Ell, fAt-i; m~t-pie, Pin.
width, n6rth bath girth Wr~th breadth pinth,. lath mirth lhath

The follovwizzf hve thc serou4 sound Of TH as in J thou.

Thie thl('se blithe th~ts soo th thy tLithle writhe thU w"ith
bathe these scythe thAt the~y (724
tattle though seethe thIt en there(4 swathe thiee beathe thence thel ir
Clothe hithe thi thlln 64
loathe lithe then b6oth thou
meathe. sithe wr~alh Smooth mouthl

I-Ta who came to save us, -"-II washi us~ fr-om all sin; I will be glad in his namue.
A good boy .will do all that is just, lie will flee from vice ; lie will do good, and walk In the way of life.

Exanples of the 'fraion (f pluaals and other, deriva~tion~s.

Wiy, bays jsI i1, sails Mshit, straits day, d ays Iweep, wseeps plz(u4 p)lagltc
-')y, lay", seam, scams key k eyS
Pay; Pays slain, stains knalle, knaves prI*ay, prays 'brai,~ brains greeii, greens sway, svways Ihain, chains -ei Y Me~s way, ways pai n, palis ,,i qatints
mail, mnails paint, pits lie 11p,hep
nail, nails claim, claims tar, tears

En.-Ush Lanmgatge. i

he~ar, hears 4)611, polls 1g6w, glOU's specir, spears soul, souls fojv, jlowcs creed, creeds coal, Coals blowc, blows i traA, ,traits sky, skies snow, suoivs
che~chiefs 1bvy, buys hoe, hoes
leak, l ea ks sig h, ih foal, ~f als
speak, speaks 11iht fig/,its !boul, bou-ls
shefshavs lgh, igts rogue, roogues
leaf, leaves sight, sights pos, posts fly, flies life, lives hshosts
) cry, cries~ wife, Wives t oas t, toasts
dry, dries kni, knives coast, coasts stride' strides -toe, xtoes door, doors gide, gides Ifoeb foes ~ floor, floors
mile smiles !bibow!t oar, oar

S A good boy will not lie, swear, ,nor steal.
Ile will be good at homne, and ask "to read his book. When he gets up, hie will wash his
63 hands and face clean; be will comb his' hair, ~is id make haste to school; he will not play
by the way as bad boys do.

52 "Peltin Book of the

F~te, fdr, fAll, fi't-m n, int-pine, pin.

Wfordk of two syllabs, accented on the fist.

Ce en grAte fl IA hour
p ron dai ly griev GuIs le gion (48)
bare foot d Sy gno Mon may or
ean;t ly deaz con hein ou-, (67) mue tre
~brewv er dia Mond hind mast pmi tre
beau ty do tage hoa ry ia sies
bro ken CeI tn hu moour ni tre
boat swain fa our (87) jew d oat meal
bo sprit fla vour jpi C' pas try
brave ly fea ture (98) 1kha vish pi ous ca bit re male knight hood peo pie
rent fro wa~rd li vre (2) plu mage

The time will come when we must all be laid in the da~rk and silent grave. Hie that strives to vex those that Sit. Dest him, is a bad boy, arid will meetwith foes let him go where he will: bu~t he that is kind, and loves to live in peace~, wl~l mak friends of all that
know hica.

pr3 logue W~ ]or (48) 'bAsh ful O~n sure quo ta trai tor hish op chAP el
rhu barb trea ty blemn ish cb~s ten
ri Ile wea ry blus ter cher ish
rogu ish, WO ful brim stone chinm ney
re gion (4a) wri ter brick kiln cAr ry
sea son wain scot bind geon catr riage

sti fle Ab swnce his ctit cit y
Steel ple ab beyj brit tie clAw our
bo ter am pie buck ram Cl~an ly
CCItr asth ma bus le cred it
sa vgl an kie CAM eI crev ice

n6, m6ve, n6r, n6t-ttlbe, Ob, Ull.

-h6ul der Wil anee c,'Ip rice crick ct
nou, de r T I fry cap tain crus ty
(Iiii) board (48) dis t:mce fat &n grum ble
Crys tat doub le Ps ter guill ea
c u s to,,,) t,,-lv en fer ri(lge gud geon crib bage du geon fid (lie h and ful
cul ture, (9 ) don goon on (48) hal) it
cous in drunk- ard fr6c kle lias sock
rut lass dus ty frus- trate, hi:if er
dAIII age cc I Ove fur lough heav y

TIv- lambs Sport III the fic1-1, they totter by' the side of their dains, Ifieti, young limbs at first can hardly support their weight.
If you fall. 6tfle lambs, you will not be hurt; there is spread titi& r you a carpet of soft grass; it is spread fo,- you and us.

dim ask u ,lne fr'm clii e lim drpui e
d [in set en g s ture (98) hus band
dam SOEI en trit "I s -Ant let hj, L lite dan gle er rour On fle 1111,; I y
dac tyl Pi-ii ion (43) glis tell ini aL e
t or 48) fint i h ki'An deu r (7 1 in tar-e
(h m p 4 fil Set grav el i:1 Nvarl
i's L h in iis m-Al ice ad lock pir ch lSe
je ,11 f) us DmIl v.Ir ptm phlet pr Ac ti 6 Jour nal Was filf pen ance ick


54. Spalkrncg Book ~of the

FAte, fir, E~ll, f~t-rn mt-p!ne, pin,
udge nient Ifld on p~s ter $nch eo
nuc kle ner it, ~phreniy quiicken
knip sack 1iD g1C Pjis Mire rim W~e
Inguage liis tres% pl~n et rap id
Ianguor(19 i c4f l~as ant rat tie
ld lord ifu t~eas ant i~b eli
Mel ms in prince relish
Jm it mus ter prtie& rig our
Jus te r riage pfi~nish Yesin
11uncheu Pv er Puz zie riv er
mAd am iui bit Pic ture (90) nIV et
rdf le sin gle tAt tie Vis it
ri n skep tick tav ern vis age
SAM PIC smug gle -t~wp ter vict Val$

When we rise otof bed, let us seek to be still, and strive' to turn our minds to our dear Lord, who dwells,'by his Spirit, in the hearts of all those that are good; and let us beg of
hmthat le may hlps, and keep us from all
th that are not rigtin hissigt
Let us -strive to ee thankful .for his great love and care over us, from day to day.

sln on spin gle Vn ant v~nge ance
stb el spig ot til lage 'vent er
sb bard spit tie tip PICr vine yard
scis 3ors spin &l tres pass wet come
seven ngt sup PIC troub le wed lock
seep tre subt 1e twink ling wick eil
spec tre sun geon. trAns port wrAn gle
scrib hie stur geon tnln cbeon wrap per
sf le ii ent yen em a'r~s tie
sin ew tal on Yen ture (98) zvrist baW
sim I tan gle vin tage weapon
wid go IAu nel cart er par don
Z~l t lord ship chtm ber par lour

English Language,
n6, m6ve, ni5r, n6t-t6be, t6b, bdIl.
z al ong bAugkly crAf ty FM Der
z ph yr mor Ding cbAr coal p s fure (98)
sldugh ter mor tat flAs ket FSAI MIA
bor der mort gage gAr land scar let
cor ner naugh ty, gh st ly slAn der
daugh ter saw yer gir nient M so
ail tumn tor meDt bar lot al way
faid ty wa. ter bar vest b6n fire
for tress sait cy Javn dice cob bler
for tune (98) sau cer niar ket clos et
gau dy in swer Dias ter col lea'Ve
geor gick bAr ber Diar quis coin et
Pr e ous br ce let par cel c6m rade (48)
c )n quer frol ick 16dg er pr6s per
cock swain fal chion mod ect quAd rant
con duit grog ram, mod ern quad rzate
Cop y gos ling inon strous squad ron
con trite bogs head nov CI st6p page
cof fin hom age nov ice spon dee
doe trina hoa est prof fer w n der
flor id hon our prog ress wan ton
fon die knowl edge prom ise war rant
fore head bal lovy pros pect squan tier
yon tier bfil wark c6m pass (48) w6n der (48)
g106 My butch er COID fort n igh botir(67)
wo man co6p er bor ough cUn cil
boo by cilck 00 dir ty (3 1 coun ter
W601 len (86) v r inin goy ern (48) coun ty bAsh el ver diet bon ey dough ty
be) som ver J U ice sove reign drow sy
bilsh y vir iue (98) stir rup (31) moun tain
w4rs ted ker Del skir mish abow er
c6sh ion conjure (48) shov el (48) How er
bullet cov er squir rel bow er
bul lock cir cuit vir gin pow er
bul ly fir kin wor ship (48) 0 age

Slyc!/i ig Bouk Y' the
F"ac, f ,r, fim, Et-M6, alk-p:lle, pill.

Love lwwren Brolhers und 818ters.

Witdevey, brawls tbp street,
There should be peaco at ho-ne ;
Where siter, dweli and brothers Inect-,
quarrel's should never come.
Pir& ill their Ilt'Lle n("As ajoe,
kno shanleful
When Children of one family
Fall out, and chide, antl g6t.
Hard narlics, at 111-4, anti Illreat'lling words,
'Piat are but noisy breatit"
May grow to clubs, and nakc swords,
To murder and to dcath.
Tlie Itivil tempts a kvicked sort
To ragc agaiyi t another:
So wretchoA 'CaM was hurried on,
Till 1w had kili'd hi brotLer.
Tte IVill their an(ref Cool,
At le;Lst before 'tic iiight But ill t ie boson, of -i lbol,
11, burll till 111oriili, li-lit.
Pardon, 1) Lord, our childish rage,
Our I'ttle braNls reinove,

En ish Ltnuagre. 57

That as wve grow to riper age,
Our hearts may all1 be love.

Words of two sylkdles, accented on thc second.
Ac quire ap pr~uzch a!a1 bo hUa
a base ar raign aw ry conl Slon
a buse a rise be lieve corn plin
a dieu as sign be lief cami paign'
aIffair as tray be iagn com Pose af fright a vail be siege con dign
a gasfist a wake be low coil cise
a muse a way be stowo con ceit
con fuse dis own ma lign re pose con strain dis play ob tain re pri .eva de ceive dis pose o paque re straint deceit en close o blige (29)re sunie
de crease en croach per tain re tain de light en dear pre vail re sign de pose en treat pre scribe sup pose de scribe ex cise pro pose tran scribe de sign cx pose pur s~iit trans pose de sire in cIrevse pro rog-ue un close de vise in dict re ceive un tie dis ctaim im. pair re ceipt on true dis cour-se in fuse re course up rig ht dis may in sciibe re pair ad jo~Irn a b~ss e nodgh de fraud in grAft
at tOck fi nesse de bauch re mhrk at t~mpt ga zette per form sur. pAss a venge gro tesque re ward ca t~rrh

Sj)ellifio- Boole of the

iad 2pt liar Angue sub 6rn
t)e head I -I in6nsc trans form
he tNN Ixt qua drilk e clat
bur lesyle por tii';,y ad ) 'jncr
t Inll b e c A a,,,, e a fiar
con tellyt a dorn a lann
co quet a t-)- o L-1 gait ar
ca nae a m6n, (48) en je)
eax touch be come de stroy
lidis prove be love de coy
0 0 con v y ('72) piir 16'711

l I loof Sur vey I-C J()I('C
ie 1110rrr III ve, it (67 Slut) Join
M) lil(Tsc Pur V( q dis Joint
firin ap re W,61',d
Jl, C rt a noint a nloliqt
a vold a bout
(!!n t)roll com pound
rp -'ard buff"011
r li pro lound
tp prove c.ou f6i'lnd sur njount
a : n 0'ir de vour al io-w
0011 ac cwwt a bound
S 00 11 pro nou.nCC an ounce
be Iloove pro poutid cv. rottse

-uadk fro1t) a Jnd or reed called s,,igar-canc.:
w) ch -row- in many ) ,rts of t1he West-lndies,,indin other
Wil, 1 C41111111frlk .S.
it coinntonly -!rovs t,) flie hei ,ht of ten or !welve
f, c t ,, stalk is'ahout an iiic!i thick, and haS an of
0 foot and 1, tif apart
they are cat b-,
tA,"', t, i i nll, where ihey',,irt ru sed '1114 ...... --En L-wo rolled

n6, m6", n6r, n6t-tdbe to.), bilill.
4. A white juice ruw -011t, which is very Sweet, "IIId tlli; is boiled, with a little alum and hute, ; the scmn is t;t lell off, and after boiling a long time it 1)4-,comes thick and wliun co"I is broken into coarse LLIgar.

1-11d"(01TICS of ?C)Onls dCr-'vCdfi-ow MC'r

Dcrir. Priln. Drriv.
rai-ny chill, Cfl;]-IY
r6st, rus-ty -Y
le'af, I ea- y pi t pitb-y
fr6st, fi-os-f y Sli-ht, Sh"Ilt-ly
foo f'ofx-ncry 1.4 0 Ln, room-y
S110w, Snow-Y fn t 1), froth-y
wood, AVOO(I-Y gloss, t glos-sy

.46rm, Storm-Y size. si-zy
urjas';, g ra S -sy It"k, cha/k--y
fflass, glas---y drem-ht, d ro u uh- ty
fee, I-ey down, dow-ity
prbn. Derir. pl'iln- Derie.
L ce, la-ces corpse, corp-ses
face, fa-ces 116 i'l F, hou-ses
pace, pa-ces chtllrch, chur-ch-es
t rac c, tra-ces bo'x, box-es
ClIgel ca-"ely lod-e, lodg-C,7
page, pa-ges tz'6rce, tzer-ces
nose, 110-ses versr, ver.
rOs,,. ro-ses vvAtch, -wMch-es
lc r I C, eur-ses ne)i. Cl nolpu r4c, ptir-ses voice, voi-Ces

60 Speling Book of the
FAte, f"Ir, fall, fAt-ma, ztit-pime, pin. Prinz. Derwv. Prim. Deriy
si- rge, sur-g'es chiArge, char-ges
brush, brush-es sense, sen-ses
price, Pri-ces 6s loss-es
slice, sli-Ces Arch, arch-es
spice, spi-ces c~hese, chee-ses
race, gra-ces cAUSC, Cau-ses
prs' pres-seY fArce, far-ces
dress, dres-ses course, cour-ses
mhze, ma-zes fringe, fr-in-ges
fish, fish-es dAnce, dan-ces
b6rse, hor-ses prance, pran-ces
TENDERNESS OF MI-ND.-On taking of birds' nests.
I have found out a gift for my fair;
I have found where the wood-pilgeon's breed;
But let me that plunder fobear,
She will say, 'tis a barbarouss deed.

For he ne'er can be true, she aver'd,
Who can rob a poor bird of its young;
And I lov'd her the more when I heard
Such ten-derness fall from her tongue.

.1 have heard her with sweetness unfold,
E'en that pity was due to a dove;
That it ever attended the boldt
And she called it the sister of love.
Words formed by addi~girg to verbs, and called Partidipks. c hl, call-ing al-lay, al-lay-ing

falit, faint-ing fln-ish, if ingii feel, feel-ing Ial1hw, al-low-ing M

Eiwl 1
vie), m6ve, n6r, n6t-tdbe, till), bull.
4e, S e C I r1gy I.-i -'sh-'
ii g g i j m'- i i vi'fi
beat. beat-' I glim-mer, ng,
Words in which c finJ is ornitted in the derivative. Chi'lltre, Cjj jjjf1-jjjg CX-C11j111-C, ex-chang-i (1-1,41ri -CMg dis-[)c'. (JISTIO-81jig
P1";1 Nce, pratt-iii 4n-vr-ate, gen-er-a-fiflcr
py,,kc gra-em" C.01-)-7(,rsC, CO1 I-Ver-sing
(d giving 111ce, coll-virl-cmliedge, 6p-er-ate, op-er-a-filig
I 11-C,
Sty-1;1) d I S-so
--,") I V C, sol-vilig im-i-tate, im-i-ta-fing

6411110 per-celve, per-m -6n,
praic-tise, prac-tis-m-, In
degrees of compa
The manner of express zinL rison in
qwlities, bv a4ditig er, and est, or raDd st ; c;dled Positive, Comparative, and Superlative.
po-, Conz. 8itperl.
,u r e, t, great-er, great-est
kind, kind-er, kind-est
bold, bold-er, bold-est
rich, rich-er, rich-est
n6ar, near-er, Ilear-est
cold, cold-er, cold-est
whrm, warm-er, warm-est
wise, Wi-ser, wi-sest
ripe, 11-per, ri-pest
rare, ra-rer, ra-i-(-,.-t
grave, gra-ver, gra-vest
chaste, chast-er, efiast-cst
brave, bra-ver, bra-vest
vile, VI-ler, I'[-lest

62 13ook (j, tlt

Words C11dill., in j!h, of qu JPV
fll m the jm i"ive.

Pe( J'C C7
wh i 41 sh, 1
oTeell-Is e 11 c r grc pll-(-t
;A Ish, 1)111(11 -Cr black-est
bhl bill-cr. Mij-cst


'Pt, -So"; owl tlic L,,olriw,-G74-iss.

i Vi"

1 A little boy, vOwn 11; 'Father and Mwlk --r Ivere fi on"
iii a V00 m ( t;6 there 0
honic, was pl",
,,o CoF t1w
0 In,
Before lio t 1
1 wl, "Or fc; r iw bl-ea',- "t)e
eu 1.e u(l Pnc oui, otoor.,
to play At ball. 1,-okjoj ho nc4
:3. As he 7- T1()L ('
lvi ll ;ts tilt- b),Jd1-sraill of the v, 11 as
() O lie d nut 111ink of th9t.
fll:", ps, ,(,t v h 1 IV's V lay I

Eiigdish 1101101WU"'e. 63
ii nv)vo, Or, ldb, bull.
11 abnut the looking-ghss,- his ball strut!k the Vvootlen

r j. Vheif he tilo hadl dorip, lie V Is vCry
"IlTy ; and, f IAAwvc, 1w wa afraid his fativLr aL13 ID001CF,
,1-no"'Id be di plca ed with Lim.
ti. VyLe% bis c'illw be Went to 1 is father
and 44, 1, tthor, !iai cbr: keii the lk t
ill tu hollse, I ani vcry 3rry or it.
7. His father looked kindly at him, and said, 11 1 Nvould
rather th t all the lookir- glass" in my hoii c sbobld be
rokcn,, than Al- at one v my ebildren sLould teli an unThe little boy hearing his faillifr say tbis, -Incl th at Ite was not angry, felt comforted ; thoiigh, I i suppose, h e
TjShcd very much that he had not broken the looking-1-lass.
9. After dint time, -when lie met Avith an accident, lie
confi sscd it and would not, on arty amount, tell UD


Words of threr yllablcs, accentol on the first.
NOTE-111 the halfacceitecl terriiiiiations at,,, u4e' Ure, ite, M 7 i'C' Id,, i'l,' th" ffrt has its firs! swmd geiicialiy, though nat dvelt upoil ed vith o aluch fcirc as in the ft:11 accelitfd sy!!AjL; t m th" i-7 i -il,, the Erst vo cl 4as generally t' Ccund
Sy J) alA tll final k superptiou, or c,'11Y s Ftea' c ; k1s, 71mice, 7ela "e' and jurt I ;n1c, pron'00o I ?"i atid 111 tLe fol wei Case, Lile fmal
0 is I'l Ronian, awi ai ote 1L.tte. case in ItLi!ich.
tbe Di -a phra,,-m 16 bri cate sti I cl(te
(It I Tli Cate lu era five suit a ble
cli a logoe ludi crous va ri ous
'0 Wd de C-111AP* lU Mi nOUS u ni form
king- c go t1sill Ill I (fht in gale u su ry
fa vour Ite Im mer ous Ad jc( tivt
Fro-?nwiewd Ade-&-Uwng.

64 Sj'xllii Bi9ok of the
Fate, fAr, fAfl, fat-m ,, a-pine, piri.
V) r ci ble r( vi ous og frre trate
I i e

e j

r ci t1je
gi U ri
live pie Sy an i 111ate
-C quen cy pa gan--i m an a lyze
fea si,,ble. qui e, tude -,4W PC tite
glo rf OWS rhc u ma tism ,,At Q.,t(14'e
h6r 0 ism ru mi n,14,iV,,, b,-d
a i cate
jL bi lee Scru PU 16us 4c cn rate
JU 1,e nile Se A Ons ad 0 quate
live li hood spu ruous ago nlze
M ge bra en ter ,pris;p
m4d'i tate
am o rous ei-1 V1 OUS rais ebie vOUS
ai) cc dote ep i cure met a phor
an ti quate es h mate Unel oil
ap ti tude ex cel lence iiour 1,,,,h ment,
an o dyne A, mit", ped a gogUel,
J. fith loq:is [mt 11 ate
I eV C V rc
h1lin (ler f_, 1) ri fil-F pal pp. 11:7
c, j a 1"'.gue fii r b-, lo,, ,. pal 1 tate ca I'll lat(, frill el, 00-; Par a "Ar (,,,i i, di date ge! t G man par a d Ise (--lj! 11c stick geit u Inc par a (11211"
c way gri a ry Par a phrase
V brato h6ln I spliere pir a site
crif I c1sai lies I tulle par ent. ,ig9
cull C ter 101rd ker chief par ox ysm
cour te sy lt ir ri cane par ri cidcul ti vate jin i tate p611 te cost
(lee a logue un F.1 OUS per quis itc
(lec o rate in fa mous I'llys I Cal
ded i cate in sti Lr ite plell I Wow
delf *1 nite in sti tute pres by ter

n6, m6i e, m"r, n6t-t'be, tub, bA.
e -afe ]n ti mate pr .s I (ion
des o late jCU1 Ous Y pris Oil
der o gate jc0p ,I r dy priv I lfg"
(!s PO tiyn] jes S i 111111C qiier U. lous I des pe rate I"Is ,I tude pir a sol
df,,,, t) tute ht I tufle rwl le ry
!d(,m a go-it Ij o or
1 tl!,.c ran cor ous
ate I ous
es cu tent fit I ,,, rav ci
i 10-11C In ck ei
top "I el r' c ti tude
el m quence ma,, ni tude 1-4 J a five
i Cl e vate, mail u scri,A reit o vate
em pha sis HM.z; S C I re qui site
em u IOU's 11164 1 CHIC rep ro b-ate
res i'derice tcl e scope A ma nack
rv3 i A ue ten a Nk bi')t a ny
ret I I I u e" tun or ous col 10 (lily
I! rov er em c tre ich or ous coin p1l Inent
e r el! d trip 11 catc coil stl tute
i, ,, ,p so dy tur pi tude cor o ner
o rick vi ls 'al f-we cl-cwk e ry
:'id I Cule v It I di cate Ion I t Lid e
1 1 1 C I-I fice b 11 let doux DOM I nate Sac I-] -e i I- po ral ob Ii gate
' :Al I v")-te for ti tufle ob lo quy
cl S-1 fis- a 1,W da ble ob sta cle
at ir 1se plau A ble ob Sti Ilate
,cav en gc r por phy ry ob vi ous
s, ii sl ble Ar C111 tect 01n in oils
si- jp a rate ar p] Inent op cr ate
ser a phi'll ar iria mejit OP PO site
ilst;"idt hold er al. ti fice or I bee

66 Spelliit Bocok~o eJ h

suulate ba'yon et P roba M
stip ii late bir \a ism pop U lolis
stren ui QIs bar ba'rous po IAW~
sub jnu7gate car di vial prf ii gae sub se quet car pen ter proph ~e -y sub sti tute ch n ce1 o ros~ e t
syn a gogue chan ce ry porn ri er
Sim I le ~ ghast 11 nIPSS pros per ous skep t cism lAr ce fly pros ti tute
syn co p mar gnal, sole ism 4

sy ophnt pharti mac sp iry,
sy 1o gr-M ~par Ila utent vol atile On ta Tndize ra'sp er ry ro ery
tan ta mount 61lderi ian toln a aw
per se cute ir cuJa r i'alty
per son age Cir cu sacemun te bnk~
prin ci PIC corn pa n4t (48ou sel ]or ser vi tude com1i ess (48)- ter feit
ter ml nate gov er notir (483~ te nance
fir ma ment (31)gov er ness (48)boun ti Iiud mir a cle pflnt ed Dess boiin da ry
cir cum spect p611g nan 1ty i' I son

Water, Fmvls.
1. Some birds live on fisl), frogs, and worw #,iand have
very long legs to wade in the water ;-others have short legE for swimming, ani their toes joined together by a skin that grwws between them, which, like oars, or the fins of
a fish, help them xto swimi.

Language. 67
n6, mbve, 4ki6) be, t6b, bMll.
2. Many water-fowls have long necks, to reach grubs
and worms at the bottom ofpn l. As they live muth in cold water, their feathers very thick, and they have
plenty of soft down to keep t m warm.
3. When they pu ttheir hes4s under the water, a thin
skia is drawn ove ye, whicl, hinders the water getting into it, and y -not prevent them from seeing.
4. Many birds, at th pproach of winter, fly away into
warmer climates, whereihey stay till spring, and then return to us again. Some stay with us all winter, and live on
grass-seeds and grain.
5. How great, how wise, and how good, is the bojintiful Creator, who has formed so great a variety of birds, and placed them in such order that each knows and keeps its
place !
6. He provides food for them all, and takes care of them
all, so that Dota sparrow can fall to the ground without
his otice."
On sitting down to meals.
When at my meal, I take my seat, My thoughts to Heav'n I raise That I may favour'd be, to eat C With gratitude and praise.

This grateful sense of hount'ous good, Such humble feelings spread ; That while I eat my outward food, My soul has heav'nly bread.


Words of three sylales, accented on the second.

are A chive ment a bridg ment em bz zle
hort ac quain tance ack n'wl edge en deav our
skin ap prais er af franchise ex ces sive
s of ar rear age dis fran chise ex pen sive

...... .. : S :;, +A0

1blas ph6 mer pp fice, ex pres sive
Covl 11'.111 11,11 ex -tell slVe

1 corl Ctc' 0011 I)IS cx4ile ex clieq urr
cor nl) slv t"0111 pul -'ivc '('s Cutch COIL
11cour z11) to jilu( 4eoli- 0 s 'io iia
hic e it fill, uI Llive, '751'Vis trale
de cl sive th fec 'L1VC I Z1111 bus
di f t'U v c com- ac,,-r III c"_'l tille
in q in rV P' Ir a ill ctil cate
je!l I'A' tell S6111 I 'le ill ju 4 tice
10 fill gt'llc ill vec tl%'P
lout ra vil Gill gle licu tell '11it
po ta toe Vx C 11 pace 1110 luell mis
'4ym iw'-; I I fen "Ive
.40 110 r(Als t 6ck o
Mu se 11111 1"( 1,:Ve op Fes SIVeMfln I)FIS (--)1) 1) (4 t]N'C a p, lie
A C" I (1of-Sc mcilt Ile 111011 stratc
j)re s,,'.innp iil'e ini por ta!wc sill) al tera pi-0 (lu(" ti VIC per for in.iucc ac c6u tre pro gres c-vc re cord er '_D111M orrl vre
ire Pill sive" ad v M tol- al ter nate
Ire tell tive a Imut iiwtit de ter n-ill.le
IT VCDae fill de part ment re hear Lal
stu pen dous dis 'is ter Sub vel. Sive
S Ub mis s]Lve em bar -so rhcu mAt ick

Words of lhfee syllabics., acmilcd wi ihe third.

Ap per thit, con nois s(,tur* em bra seirr
ad ver tise dis ap pear vic quil esce

o, P, bounced con-nls i e.

can no 0 1 ou ter 11, d

,,N i a ive r'v ocbI

am cabl Ji r a ture v~lat le

ar~ ~ ~~~4 hro gatl s aievlnra ble pratb _yg 41c L pari -4 bl

Vmul, Pi pal 4 Roy.e j d at
A godelvshs pj,,abVP'tIa blents brote ad siers ie i g%be re e be .r i a l
Zs it ma esiref hi ntto a th ng; hein do et
it: if t~~II hbm to doaytig ede tcerfy. ,C Whei they denyhmwaheans edeno

1. Agoor poyt louts his lparns, rohanry, ord cry; ut

!i JO SPelk"n Book 0j,
J flut is put
he tLinks flijit his pwvpts krm.* -)p 'r foibilli

4. Fle is kl; d to his br')1hers an'l all 1,:1
11)i fle never to; -z tllevl nor Ajuajw'ds 1;N101 ti onl
C llls',th b.Y ill i fe e i:;
1i to al v bodv but all
5, If 'Liq sees wly pef,,
he (foe" [lot NuV11 at. [lie, ,ii)f po; niake gaune of thuni. bcCZitz--l rie khows ;-1 is 4 to then!, andj
A when li( can help tl in ta- i1c, Qt,, mj_ obd.
ii. -Wk"-,-1 he ; #smOvo pout and
rr.y. ;1-1( r: L)r1L:r-,-, aii l quat-r-ei ive i very X017U, tllii)ri t-ics 0 jWV-ilikde ti!Clii tC) dO lleftiir.,
7. 1 i, tind ev to darab creatwr s, m1i as be 4,,h ,
lvorfl, s -fol, lie ktl,)W-, that though, i'lev canlvL" Fpezak, OwV Can as, WO.
8 EYen those aninialq Chal he (loes no t iiiiiih pretty, hej 'It,,, 'rc not to luirt ; ;u(&he is very suri-Ir Sees
t, jr 1.,orses Ucayeil bv the driver4'-when t ley are,
dr,11 i.1'.-, 11CIvy 1c, i,!
fl ne ver t ,.k, ,; de4igM in (- itchlng flies, or other W !se ck, nor irl p"111111, because lie
Qlill s it ci-uel to torture thern, 31-A elve them pwn.
lo. 111, h es very nitj ch to seu tL'ie'litfl& hirdti, pick lip in) S, oi. 1 Iv, 0- b:"s of 1%fjol or hair, and clirry them in Uteir LiUs to 11 e r ke ts. And if lie 6inds a bird',
ll- ;t, he do,!,; not tou(1i the 42-s, or the young bii itor
3,-) them 11 11-ln,
I I Ile, loves 'hi, tea-Aliers, lin(l all who bave Ve cai e of hom, wol w lo t-,11, him what i good and he is very -uilliiig n Jt !ir ad ici He ofton tbmI;s bow kind they lire
to hi n to instruct hol, an to IkLip him out of danger, wid he is th mkful for their c;ii-e.
I ?. Ho- likes to go to school, and to read and write, and to 1,- im somethiom poll every (Illy ; that, if lie shou d to be :i man, he may be w'.,(, and good.
I Ile never takes any thin, thA is riot liic; own, nor
neduHes with it without le:i e. When lie walks into the

fit), inove, n6r, n6t-hlbe, U11.
or orcli;irtl, he does not pull flovvvr. Or I- frnit, InAi-s he i, Old that 11 e. 111 lv (ip
1-1. A( table lie. sits upTind iIit liet, till be i ; Qrv-d
qnl tie o ea's what is -1ven him in a deont ",:J,
1. ell" ',;R-1114, or as!Jw 1,01- more, Iviwn 114' fI:N c'-wifoll.
15. Ile, never tells it 1:(1 nor fl,-p lrfs from fhvD Ir!][h.
it"le h:,-, lone -mv Asrhi -f, or in-, Nvord, I-le

1 conf(2 2,i it, and ;iys e is vci-v --orr th lt he YvAl try
1to do S, no ln ro. I 'e ;;jeV(,' is ialllf '
!I,,t ; lv!11 11 I I r o conce l h
dj g to O.'VII them ;md Irv to do bettm
M. Vi, tier) :1-1v bo(I; sueaK to i irn, ho does i nf b;mz N1, id or mtlfl 'r, or lColk 'kva ; but he e 17S
i1will i7.1 a mojo st !n(l propc r P) Inner, ami alwaN,
ic id eiloo,_ji to 'he be a-d pliwdy. Wben he "e ld, or res, j) e I "'; his le s zon It(-, ?,'I% nys tries to do it V Ith aclo fr voice,
di so azt to be heprd
17. Wmn he lie dwi r) if nj,,!-,t. 1,e trie to remember le i ifl I- h;,s becti doin -md all lie fms learning during
',e qaY' if !"P has thing ivrt)DL lie js sorryand
fiopf- V4,
rc! .3 Shall do so DO Wore.
1 18. I'lc lov,',s to pr i'y to God, and to bear. and read, and n- i t1link about 'hink ; Ind he loves to go with his parents to!
le 'vol-hip Iiini. Every bod v tlvit L-nows this good boy, loves:
J, hiin, and spea! s well of hiffl, and is I infl to bim i d he is
3 cry happy ; for tkose tLut are good are alu, the mo it
I I py .

t" j f f"r syllables. accented on
,4 the second.
4id Ad vi sa ble tie pV) ra ble,
-1C CU mu late er ro ne ous
ap pro pri ate ha MO DI OUS
T 0 an ni hi late, jin pe ri ous

ior a MC Da ble im pla ea ble
ato bre vi ate in tu i tive
11 1! V1 ate la bo ri ous


72 Rook of the
ale, JAD.
Cvil S( Vi Otis mys te r' oils
coln Illu rd cate it to 1-1 ous
coll cu pis cence o It se (jul ous
as par a gus de Jib er ate
e e
'I erafe d e rlv,. ft ti NIC
ad inis sl ble (11 wif. u tiVe
a d;d ter ate le yllem e ris
ac cep ta Me IN-Pli)h a ny
dis frAn chise ment fa. ell I tate am big u ous fa )AA I cism
am Phil) i ous 11 HIS tri ous
a. riAl v SIS in dus tyl ous
ar tic 11 ](-It,- in gel) u ous "is SAS Si nate in quis i tille
De at I tude in vill Cl ble
ca lu'm iii af e in vis I ble
cer tif i cate per spic u ous
ca 1. pre dl( A inent
gs tro phe
co ag ii late per plex i ty
coin b6a ti ble Pro wis cu ous
com mem o rate P a rl sh ion e r (zt 8)
-nis er
coin i ite re Cep ta Cie
com par a tive ri (I*c u ]Ous
com pat 1 ble si 11111 1 til(le
con spic ILI ous tem PCs tu oils (98)
con tem pla. tive SOS cep ti b1c
cou temp ti bit vi 6 sl tude
con tig u ous vo cif er ous
de fin i tive u nAn i inotis
o p pr6 bri ous a poc a lypse
pe nu ri ous a poe ry pha

English 1,anguq-c.
n6, m6ve, n6r, n6t-Mbel Mb, pre Ch 1.1 Otis a pos tro P.
sa lu bri 011.3 cor rob o rate spoil ta ne Otis de nom I' riate
ter ra que ous de mon stra ble
6 ca ri Otis de pop u late
Vic to r; ous dis cou so late
vo Ili rf, -Otis pre pos ter ous ux 0 11 Wis pre. rog a tive
de b-Uich e ry re spon si ble
con for mi ty ad inis si ble
dc fi)r ini ty con Ver Sa ble
e nor im ty re vers 1 ble
sub or di -late su per flu ous
a bom i nate pre ser va tiVe
ac com mo date ac com pa ny (48)
a non y mous dis Cov e ry

Words of five syl"les, accenfe&on the second. Co tem po ra ry e pi's to la ry
de,05tn a to ry ex clAm a to ry
de flim a to ry ex plan a to ry
dis pen sa to ry ex t4m po ra. ry Ih e red i ta ry con s6l a to ry
in cen di a ry.(97) de pos i to ry it) flAm MR to r"y ob s'r va to ry pre lim I na ry de lib er a tive
coin In.* ni ca ble ef femi na cy Com mu Ili Ca tive in suf fer a ble !ni 1i olable in dis so. lu blr
1) (- r s i i a .,,,i ble ri ess in vul ijer a Mr.

74 SPelling Book of the
-FUejAr, fill, fa-m Ina-Pine, pill. de in v't er a cy
con fed era cy IrVer ini na ble
con sid er a ble i tern per ate ly
pre p Ar a to ry de r(')g a to ry
pro hib 1 to ry in -vol un ta ry
VO 6,ib u ta ry re poi i to ry

Words of five syllabies, accented on the third.
Am bi 0 1 ty an a lyt i cal
con ti gu i ty argu men ta fille
con tra rl e ty mou o 6'41 *1 cal
die ta to 171 at plan A bil I ty
im por tu m ty pot y pet a] ous
no to ri e ty pop u MI. I ty
op por tu ni ty pos st bil I ty
per pe tu I ty pri ino gen i ture
i 'I i ty
per spi cu I ty prin cl p l
pres hy te ri an prob a bil i ty
pri mo ge m at prod 1 g 11 i ty
SU per flu I ty pu sit lan i MOUS
tes ti ino ni at reg u lar I ty
ac a dc'm 1 cal rep re he'n sl ble
af fit bil I ty rep re sent a tive
at plia bet i cal sat is Ac to ry Sen si hit i ty an a tom i cal
sen su. At i ty all i mos i ty
sim i lar i ty ap os tol i cal
sin gu lar i ty ar is toe ra cy
tes ta m6n ta ry as tro DOM I cal
c r Cum Un bI cut cat e gor I cal

corn pre hUn si hi. Ca n 'si
con San gul)i ty d a bo i cat
con tra divctory ety meogy
credi1bi I ty gener os Ity
di a met ri cal e qui pon der ant
el emen ta ry in di, selvaliMe
ep idem ical ,4 ter~ rog atve
ev an gel ical uiet a hor ical
faiili bi i ty ~ pe r cal
'eIie ogy philos hficat
hos pi tatity ~ Physi*Og O My
il le git Imate phys iol 0gy
im, per cep~t h. bl rig o Domb e try
in tro due to ry u ni f6r mi t
in tre pid i y iini v'r si t
ir re sist ible e*m ble m~ti1 cat
niag na nmity ~ ge ograph ical
met aphys ical ge odakti cat

Select Senteatces from Christ's Sermeon on th~e Mamna.
1. Blessed are the poor in spirit : for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they that mourn : for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the week : for they shall inherit the earthi. Blessed are they which -do hunger and thirst after righiteousnes: for they shall be filled. Blessed are the pure in heat: for they shall see God. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mey. Blessed a-re the peace-makers: for they shall be called the childreni of' God.
2. Blessed are they which are persecuted for i ighteous-~ ness' sake : for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.-Blessed are ye when rneni shall revile you,,and shall say all wanne

76 Speling Book of the
Ft Ar, fil, fat-mni, mt-pine, pin.
Of evil against you fAsely, for my sake. Rejoice and be exceeding grad; for great is your reward in heaven for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you. Ye are tholight of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see, your good i works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
3. Again ye ba hard t it hath been said by them of old time, u shalt not fear thyself, but shall perform unto the Lord thineoaths : But I say unto you, swear not at all: neither heaven; for it is God's throne: nor by the earth; for iis hlis footstool: neither by Jerusalemni; for it is the city of the great King: neither shalt thou swear by thy head'because thqi.tnst not make one hair whito or black. Ye have heard that it hath been said, An
-eye for an eye, and tooth for tooth : but I say unato you, that ye resist not evil : but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
4. Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neghbour and hate thy enemy: but I say unto you, love your enemies, bless them that bate you, and pray for them whlch despitefully use you, aad persecute you ; that ye may he the children of your Father which is in heaven : for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. Be ye therefore py-fect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
5. When tlou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret, and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking.

In the following words, tion, tian, ian, tial, and ier, are pronounced tshdln, tshin, v'n, tshAl, and ytlr.
Oburt ier fis tian corn bis tion
bis tion anix tion di ges tion
christ ian ce Its tial ad mix tion

English La)q,(,uqgc. 77
n6, m6ve, n6r, n6t-Utbe, t6b, bffll. Tion, is pronounced shun; as is also sion. Thus motion be 11
Co r and mansion are pFonounred moshvn wd manshun ; cial is
pi denounced shal ,enerallv.

T'Vords of two syllables, accented on thefirst.
M6 tion fAC tion. pe'n slot)
ell) na tion fie tion SAnc tjoll
no tion frak tion S e C 40 n
?ar Pov fiell fric tion ses Sion
tion func tiolt ten Sion
IOU ra bou. man slon tille tiol-I
It tion Avc tion.
ai r sta tion. m 6 1
A n i1c tioll MIS Sion Op tioll
JU, idle tion. PAS Slott v'r sioll

11"ords Of three syllahles, accented on the second.
Ces sh tion. Colli'mis Slott pro tec tioll
Iay Coln III() tioll cotn' pres Sion pre clap tion
he de vo tion coil f'es Sion re derrip tion
6 re plan ta tioll coil sump.tion re flec tion
'("'. T)ol III tion. coil ven tion subjee tion
lell pro pol- tion Coll vie tioa suc Ces Sion
se- re la tjoll cor rec tion, Sus Pell Sion
lee Sal va tiou de cep tiort as per Sion
fi du cial de scrip tion as er tion
fs s 0 i d' rec tio.11 a VCr Sion
ii1flve t loll dis filic tioll coil ver Sion
a f Me tion ex cop Gon- de ser tion
are as cen Sion ex pr es sion dis p I er Sion
as sump tion in flic tion rc.ve sioil
;at ten tion, ob jec tioll sub v m 17i on:
icol lec tion pro fets Sion sub stau Alal

78 Spellb g Bock- of he
Fate, fAr, fill, CA-m mk-plne, pin.
Words of four sjzlla6les, accented wi thc third
Ac cep th tion per se c6 tion
ac cu sa tion pres cr va flon
ad mi ra tion proc la ma 6011
ad o ra bon pub 11 ca th)[I
acr gra va tion ref or ma hou
ap pro ba ion res 0 lu tion
av o ca tion rev o In tion
cal cu la tion rev e la hon
cowdem. na tion sep ar a tion
con gre ga tion sup pli ca tion
coil Sti tu tion tri b u Ia tion
con tem. pla tiou vi o la tion
cul ti va tion VIS i ta. tion
dec la ra tion ap pre he'n ston
des o la tion com pre hen slon
el o cu. tiotA con de seen sion
ern u la tiou con tra die. tion
ex Pee La tion Ju ris dic tion
hab i ta tion res ur ree tion
in cli na tion sat is Ote tion
in sti tu tion aug men th tion
med i ta tion al ter a tion
mod er a tion al ter ca tion
nav i ga tion al ter na tion
ob ser va tion em i gra tion

Words of five Mies, accented on the fourth.

'Am pli fi cla tion rat i fi ca' tion qual i fi ca fiQn sane ti fi ca ho" ed i fi ca tion sig ni fi ca tion

En s Lazguage. 79
n6, m6ve, nnr, n6t-4be, tab, bill.

as so ci* a tion ir curn 1o ch tion
mul ti pli ca tion cir curm val la tion
con tin u a tion com memo ra tion
con fed era tion pro pi ti* atfion
con so ci* a o re gen era tion
or gan i za tion re nn ci* a tion
co o eration re tal nation
pro nun ci* a tibn as sas si na ftion
Ci and t in these words sound like she.

T7e Good Boy, whose parents are poor.
1. The good boy, whose parents are poor, rises very early in thamorning; and all day long does as much as he can to help his father and mother.
2. When he goes to school he walks quickly, and does not lose time on the way. My parents," says he, are very good to save some of their money in order that I may learn to read and write; but they cannot give me much, nor can they spare me long ; therefore I must learn as fast as I can: if any body else has time to lose, I am sure I have not.
3. I should be very sorry, when I am a man, not to know how to read very well in the Bible, and other good books; and when I leave my parents, not to be able to read their letters, and write them word where I am and how I do.
4. And I must learn accounts, for when I grow up I shall have many things to reckon about my work, and what I buy : I shall, perhaps, have bills to make out, as my father has; and perhaps I shall be employed in a shop."
5. When he has finished his lessons, he does not stay to play, but runs home; be wants to see his father and mother, and help them to take care of his little brothers

-.. . .. :; ...-

80 Slielling Book ofthe
Ffte, fAr, fAll, f,,t-m nn ,I-pitw, p1m.
and sistct-s, foi- wheu be is at borne lie is very indlis6. He often sof.z nmln ty bovs in the sti-eets, -and in the
Cght, and sted, ;uid (h) ru;my -'ad thm, s mul he heat's them swear, and call ill nainess, and t4pil ties but lie, doc not like to be iWh them, for fe n- they should rn: ke Lim Is Nid as ar"":-,n)d th;it any body who sees him with them, -hould think that lie tou is naughty.

Word, of "IVO svlk bles, in Whic,11 the terrllinatin Zv is silent. P).Lr ro,,o gAI row will dow
13CI low h LA lows" Mhot Imp %1,111 ]low
11"'I lolo 114r ro ,,tl
im; 1 j. A ow YeA low
-ir row Cid low S"I'll low 1 i I. row
f-I bou, m.-il lows spar roro foi low
il'cl low imar row Ull low mor row
!oW ow As'llit 10m, Sor row
lar IOiv met low ivid ow Wal low

In the follow'mg woi ds, s and z. sound like zh-ThfisBra ster Orla zier (25) b() sier (2.-)
cro si er ra sure set Z111le
fii stop, (48) ad U sion in tret sioll
lei sure at ILi sion ill fli sioll
a zure am bro A at pro hi-sioll
c lis Ion (48) cot lu Sioll oc. ca ston
e lys j all con cla sion 01) im sion
(IC ILI Sioll (48) Coll fu Sion VIS ion e va sion coil tu sion m4pus ure
de tru sioa (I If fii sion pleas ure
e ro sion ef fu si0n. treas tire

E ,,fish Lanmae.

di v4ion (48), ex clA sion. ab scis ion
de cis ton ex plo Sion cot fis "Oil
ie le ris l'on a bra, siort Coll cis 1011
I C', p re cis. i on cor ro st on co 11,6 SiOR
,e I
T) I pro vis ton dis Ito stop it III Sion
re ciy ion in jo Sure al lis ion

Words in wbich ci, ti, si, and cie, ari prij-)ounced she; lia,

'Mj eja SJ U ; 3CiO&fS,'CiMlS, aDd tiUUR, SkUS.
lGr6 cian trAn -,I ent ex crh cl ate
9'ra cloU Ids clolls ex pa ti ate
pa tient CAU tioui fit ce ti,)US
quo bee-t pAr tial fal la clous
t pa CiOUS e6ll science fe ra clOul
is I)e cles* con Scious iii gra ti ate
so cial ap pi-6 ci ate to qua cious
sa ti ate as so Ci ate tic go ti ate
an clent an da clous pro ca cious
elp tiou'S ca pa clCus ra pa cmis
lc tilts COTI So ci ate se qua cions
f1c tious dis so ci ate sa a clous
nup tial e ma ci ate te im cious
Oln lils Cl ence per il
SP6 clolls 11h Cio!"s
vex h tious po ten fial circum ;Vlntlal
vi va 6013.; pro vin cial co-I fi dk tial
!vo ra cious pru den tial pen i ten tial
an ndn ci ate sen ten tious pes ti len tial
con ten tious sub st-All tl ate prov I den tial
ere den tials com ni r cial rev er en tial
e nun ci ate con tu rn ,ciou s res'i (ten tia ry

182 Sjmflii g Boo' of the

FAc, fir, fall, f d-me nl t-pine' Pin.

es sell fial ef fi Ca CIOUS e qui mklial ill fec tious os ten ta tious con sel 4n tiolls 11 cen ti ate per spit ca ciour. con se quen tial


q D VI' E T 0 Y 0 U T 11.
1. As Foon as you are awake. in the morning, strive to tu-n your ruins inward, -and to still and- silence. all your own thouglots, diat vott ni..v wait on your great Creator, to feel love an(l thank ulne, ; -arise. in 3'our he it-ts to flint for It s divine care wi(I prc,-clvat m, of ynu t:mrin2: t w nil-lit a"Id sincere desire; that He mav keel) you from all tbiij ,s fli-it are Dot D"Ji, M hiS Slgllf, tile ensui!w 11,2v.
2. Tlion and when vou are dl (? sed, WaSh your
bancbz ond ficc, c'can- and con- ) our he'.uk 'and -o cheerY I n
fulk, abom the bu -Incss 3o-dr p-arents or wa ters may di3. VV-hen ynii are at Fcliool, remember t1tat it is out of
and lo% i, to youi tl at your pnrerts have sent you,
Hw -c, or procuieul ou the lilwrty ofgoing a;n to inipi-ove in re-ldiivg, ivri( ng, or whatever else, your parews or teachers arc so k:nd a- 'to instruct you in, or wiz[A you to b arri ; and do not i appomt their hope oi- grieve thvin, bv bein- carries z and negli-ent about your learning b!,t apply your4 -lvcs with Ohligence and attention to whatever studio s or 13usinf ss your teaJ-er may appoint you.
4. In Comint- h-) School and returning home, be careful to behave with decency and sobrictv. Do not be noisy nor loller bv the bu iass on quiettv witliout offending, orl
1,urtma my pc.ron or thing,, either y words or actions.
.5. At everin,, wbvn ou P(-) to bed, consider coolly before you clo v. Yojr i r sleep, how you Lay C spent ne reg g, &v and iC You ffivri nothing, -aid or done 1'11M arld everv tlliw spe;d..'; peace arnfin-nocence.within, let an liumbit, ackuowlPdt,-,ivnt and gr-ttetul thanktulness to

frm ish Languc ge.
n6, rn6ve, n6r, D4-tube, tllb b611.
the great Preserver of men, fill your hem 1 for his Care and
preservatOyn of you tbrouqh the dav.
6. The fear of' the Lord is th e' be-inning of wisdom.
ial With this constantly on your rnind much advice will notl
he needful, and without it, none, will 1,,e effectual. If you 11 live In this foar, it will reguLLU! every thouglit, word, and

to G and it when ea(-,Ij forms 11 SvIlable are equivalent to AP
)Ur otherwise they are equivalent to ,h.
to Pi-6 cious am bi tion cog ni tion
fo r
It Spe cial aus pi clolls con tri.tion
Vi cious ca pri cious de fi cient
Vi ti ate co mi tial de 11 clous
ad (11 tion con di tion (it., cre tioll
er- e di tion pro pi tious- pol i tif ejau
di- ef fi cle.11t Se di Win prop o si tion
of es PC cial se di tious Prep o A tion
ju I Ila gi tious sol sti tial pro hi bi tion
JI'Ll i tion Suf fi clent rhet o ri cian
I., a in di cial SUS Pi cioui SU'per fi cial
lo gi cian tran A tion dis qui si ti
ng, ma gi cian Vo h tion i* ,
Vat- su per su tion
ma 11 clous ab o li tion slip po 81 tion
fill mi fi.tia ac qui A tion sur rep ti tiou s
lor mu A cian ad mo iii tion av a ri ciw is
or im tri tion ad ven ti tions ben e fi cl;
no v] ti ate am mij ni tion co a 11 tion
ent of fi ci ate ap pa ri tion com PC ti tion
of fi cial ar ti fi clal com Po S1 tior)
of fi clous ad Sel tj tions def I III flon -

84 Spllng Book-ofth
F7Ate, fAr, flt, fit-m MIt-pine, pi.
pa tri clan ap P0$to4 dem 0Ittion
par tuition eb iii Ii tin el) 0 Si tion
per di tion er u di tio dis po s Si on
per nj.i Acious ex Ili In~ ion ~prac ti tion er Pe ti tion ex Posi tion ~a rthmie ti cianm
pro fi cent im po si tion ac a de mi cian phy Si Cian op Po Si tion sup pos i ti tious
po si tion prej u di cial math e mna ti cian
In the following words, thle consontant q sounds like A-,, and terminates a sylable ; but perhaps the ease of the learner may render a different division more eligible.
2 It quor (48) an ti qui ty
Uqui ty li que fy In i qui ty
e qui taf~ le11qui date IinI qui tous
li quid.1 ui ness ob li qui ty


The i in this table, when it b~egins, a final syllable,' soundlike y at the beginning of words. When Y, precedes i it ha's the sound of ks, and the supposed s and the subsequent i sound like !ak.
1?6 I1 o mnill ion in ge, ni Otis,
ja ni or (48) min ion bat Ujl ion1
sol dier (97) pill ion ci 'dl Ian.
sav iour pin ion corn p,-n ion
seigu ior trial ion con ncx ion
ii ti on trunn ions de fluix ion~
alien v'M iant d!) 'DI ion
gre Ili al- CIMIl ionl fa inil ia
ge Ii us ruml; io opN o

Anx ions Sc&Ilio pa. vilion
6bd61l itirn co6il te Pos till ion
bit ious, pon lard pune til in
bill lards onp Ion (48) ras 611f ion
an b~Ii~~ Al ion il11 re bell ion
't brill iant b~e li'v jour se rll gl io
US bAgn10 com ntn ionw vermril ion
an filhiJI par lie lio0! aux ilta ry*
(ex ion~ pe cu har mnnia ture
te flux ion, icoil Ve ni CIA Pe CA1 ni a ry~
'~Pronounced Awvg zil y& rL.


I-ow solemn is the scene, when friends draw near,
To pay to parted worth the fun'ral tear!
How precious are the sacred tears that rise,
And flow-, success sive from the mourners' ever, rids Howv solemn is the sight, ('tis so to me,)
hais Extended in. the -1 narrowfhouse" to see,
nt i The pale precursor of our certain doom,
A silent votary for the lurid tomb !
-No language can describe, no tongue can tell
The hieart's keen angish at the la-st farewvell,
When the fid c~se on the faded fitre,
Where late serenely smil'd each softer grace.
Plac'd on the sable hearse, the niourrnful throng,
In sad procession, slowly move along;
Bo' down with sorrow, to the grave repair,
AnP1 leve their fellow friend to moulder there.
Then hJomne return :-O1h !,.what a blink appears
The heart then gives the few remaining tears;

86, ~ Spelg Bookof the
F~te, fir, fill, fii-m mnit-pine, pin.
How gloorny all, where late so sweetly smil'd The lovely friend, who ev' cae beguil'd!
Those who have lostwha Yvrids canot supply, Can give the synpathetick tear and ig Tho' frie$nhp can a soothing balm imat 'Tis Hey' alone eana al the mo>urner's heart.

Who is wise Il e that learns from every
Who i8 powerful?' He that governs his passloT's.
Who is rich? He that is contented.
Whop is prepared to die ? He that lives as hie ought.
Tke7 Interrogation point needs mvcd aiention frorin every Lacher.

In the following words tIh is sounded as in think.
the'a tre can th~r Ides
E there hy a cinth an tip)athy
ja cith 6'tth o lick pa rcn the sis
the sis P i thet. a rih mie tick
ze ni1th IUib yr inth ani tith) e sis
th~n der 16th ar gy mnis in thro py
meth od pleth 0 ry Phil anl thro p
-An them sym pa thiy thle oc rvs cy
dip& thong Am a ranth the ol o gy
eth icks am ethyst the og ony
p-ln th~er ap a thy ther morn e ter

En-&h Laa.-ttage. 87
n6, m6ve, o6r, n6t-Wbe, t6b, bifll.
Sab bath ina 1W Sis au tli()r i ty
thim ble 6 n the sis ca tbol icon
tflis lie Pan th6 on my thol o gy
thurs (lay e tfic re al or tliog ra phy
triph ttiong ca ffic (I vA fly poth C Sis in thr-Ad u re thra 11 tliog ra I)Iiy
ath wart au the'n tick It thot o my
y be- troth pa thet ick a poth e ca ry
tbli- ty (31) syn thet ick ap o th6 o s '8 S- thor ;ugh (48) a c5n thus V)I y the ism
thir t&n ath 16t ick bib Ii 6th e cal
didu sand me theg lin ich thy of o gy
is the ism ca thar tick 6r tbo dox y
the o ry en tli i A asm or tho c pist
ry the o, rem an thu'l 0 gy lith on trip tick
Ot as in the word thou

'1* ther cl6th ier Path er Math er nel ther rAth er g-111di er fur ther
hea then fath orn bith er breth refi w ath er s6uth ern pother (48)be n&A
With er t'th er broth el be queath
wheth er tbith er broth er an 6tli el-(48)
neth er wbith er wor thy to geth er
wetfi er fa ther moth er Il')Z a rithms ly prith ee far thing smoth er ne er the I&s
P3 bur then far ther oth er (48)


Spelling) Book of Me
PAC, Rir, fA, th t-pine, p1n.




Five re' nsfor not ust f-Svirituovs Li9Uors.
A TOUCH-STO'VEBecallse'they poison the blood, and de,
'Stroy the oKgaus of d-igestion.
2'. Because an entity should be kept without
the -ate.
3. Because I arn 'it health., and need no
4-Beca-use I.Lave my iiciises, and, vabI to
keep klicin.
Because, I have asoul to be saved-o'P.
To: the man., whose mind is untouched bY
'11, or 'Y din above r :,asons, a olunie on
the, 7 _, bjcci %voi ld beusw1css.

1 Passd bv tbe*rove, and the leaves were fizst faflimAvid chilly the north wind did blow
The qu i il whisti'd loud, f6r her brood she was C,Illillg,
A shItr to find f'oshelter to find from the nmv. V,

j nishkLanguage.

The smanf birds~ of summer, that vs'd to awaken
The peasants, with soians from the hill,
Hlav~e nowr left our grves, an~d the vales are forsaken
Of notes from th shrill iiip-poor-will.
If ow solemn th'ospect of V'Tture appear'&The m~eaoq ar stript ol teir greenThe lily ha' fadd-he rose dlsappear'dHlow transient o short to be seen!
T'he changes off seasn, exact in their order,;
Roll round on the swift wings of> time,
That mart may discover the works of his Maker,
And youth learn a lesson sublime.
So, when in the winter of life you're declining,
Fix your thoughts on the bav'n of rest;d4 Trust in a Saviour, and cease all repinin,
That you may for ever be blest.

*TABLE )XXXV11. Words in which ddihas the sound of k. to Christ 6 Poch e6i cha rist
chyle o clre 5n ar chy
scheme tro chee chry~s o lite
ache An chor (48) chbir atc ter
Ch~i chris ten cat e chismn
chrism chym ist pe~n ta teuch
chr& ech o sep ul chresch~ol pts chal tech ni cal
choir* chol ick 51 chy my
cby IOUs chol er auch o ret
cho rs schol ar brach jal
te trarch uion arch lach ry mal,

kwie. _

hhcsF~te, fir,~ fi~i, f-,tr mit-p'ffe, I in.

cljo ralpa $ti rch saccha rine
s'n chro ns pa re) On al 4Th1 r'g ra phiy
mich aed. mas ca 'ne le on cho rog ra phy
chor ister'* cdiflii 'tik elt~o meleiChrO"1 i cle ufe 'han ick the om a chy
6r ches tre an ach rot u~m at c che't i cal~
ocb I MY sy i)cdo ce Inc ca.i,i 11 i
cach ex Y jOntel n chM Y cat e Chu menCI
chi nm-l ra hrio nol 0 y ch5Y'i is try
quir ister f sthim muk


Remarlrdbk expressions 6f,- Ch~Jild, not m2noe than, sevem yIears old, reted liV his Motiher.
Reading the life of Venelon one morning in my lbe two of my 'children. ein with n, a~ sonof seven yea6 of agegand a daughter of four, t reqnested them to rernaih still while Itread; and t;? induce them to be so, I propose that they' shld think-a half hour, and then tell ine'the thoughts. After a pause, m~y liffle son replied,lba it was Dot p"sie~to vel his 'thoights-the~y were the same that had beenin his mind more than a year, and that they~ wer4e so delightful, the' more he though ht, the more hie wished o~ continue in that~ sweet mp.4ritation, ,and if all the world cou~~ge thile smne feelingF, it would be impsi o
any to be miserable. Beirig very~ much startled at such~ an unexpected reply from so young a hlIiqired (A him if lie could recollect the'fiCtiie he felt these -er'-' ons imipressions. He said they~cornte on by~ deirees fromi ra desife~to be good, and serve God. I thena; kd hink i heiww vwifling to die and g toheaven ? Hfe sad he hai heaven already in his own heart; therefore; lie believe if hie should be called from this world, his spirit would

fiunlish Languager.

i;te with God hii Father ; but hie wanted to live, to pray for others who were %%icked,; and th-a, umny times, when he wvas alone,hbe burst into fear,, for the sins of tue, world,
[Y j~~ad wished it were in hi power to bring then into the,
ifysame feelings with him~self. Ile said he could not speak] er ofthee 0hsst his COMPn t t chool, knoin thait;
I ~ hn~ t al ta h s'
alfered in) Mind afno~g~sc S >INt of wvicked bol-, I Wonl4d
Veep for him continually. n'viked him wha ,t hie meant. an Hesdlivn or them Ie4 tlh(y she idd contintie harfl ~dened in. wickedness-soi'ry they should offendl so go~
God-and distressed for himself in Strugtding1m against t th temptations before him, and afraid leshonid do something wrong himself; but that the thoughts which were continually with him, were his comfort. I asked him if hei knew from whence these thoughts, proceeded. H Ie s aidJ, yes ; from God ; an that it was God',s spirit in him, and tlfat- he sometimes enjoyed heaven without wvaitin~g for

os oil Ww-ds of Frenceh origin, in1 which ch sounds flke .heir Ish ; cand acceiied 1.sounds like .
W"8 h~se shire police
,vere chain ("is* ma chine ina chine ry
Ad to chim ere cash ier chev a Her
lorld chain lide an tiqmue Ideb au chie
euc foheain palin fa figue Chan da lier
edl o4 cha grin in trigue cap u Chin
ehi,(+ cane mna rum inag a zinc
piqu~e 'dern iert horn ba sin
Lin hlf 5 Mail ft ri can non ier cor de her
,! had brig a~ dier c ap a pie gren a dir

i *l sham nmd I drn yixe

92 Spelling Book of tke

FAe, far, fall, f6t-ms, mat-piae, pin.
bom bar dier car bi nier fi ian cier
buc an iers cav al ite gaz et teer


Description of the Sloth.
The Sloth, which is ananimal of South America, makes the most despicable appearance of all the animal race. It is covered, with coarse hair, somewhat resembling dried grass; the tail is so short as scarcely to be seen and its eyes are dull and heavy.
It has four short ket, hich are armed with strong Ic t t h ou r s h o t
claws; but though the feet are short, the legs are still shorter, and proceed from the body in such an oblique direction, that the soles of the feet seldom touch the ground.
This poor creature seldom changes its position but by constraint, and when compelled by the severe calls of hunger; and then it moves only one leg at a time, by scraping the back of the claws along the surface, and wheeling the limbs circularly about,,vet still touching the ground, till at length it places its $6ot if a progressive position.
The other three limbs are brought about with the same difficulty, before the animal is capable of moving its body and in a manner so extremely slow, that, according to Goldsmith's account, it has been seen to advanime forward not above three feet in an hour; and that a few paces are often the journey of a week.

It lie upo th eaveg irut, and flowers of tree,-,; and
someis ou the ba-rk itsK-b nohnelei letupon
the tree for its subsisteneI tqisa lre Saeo food fr itssupporefoan it genrUly strips
tree of aits vedue bfre it 17 willhng tleve it,
Although~ tianmlsforme for ciimbiii a tree with
great pai a~fity, yet it is utterly unable to descend 'like ote airuals ; b ioblilged, when it ha ~ipped theI tree of erythin tht -uid serve e it fofo, to drop
like a lieesms rmt~-rnchies to th rund.
After reanng-s titne inatopid~ state, from1 the shckre, vc C yth fll i a~ari ars o a journey to some neighibouriung tree, not fair dis ~t, to whiichi it crawl so slowly, that one could scarcely perceive it move ; and
often Waits on vegetables by the waiy.
7 All nations wh~ich it ma~kes, seeni to torture it ; every Ike's ste it~5 taei ends fort ~a piainive, rnehncholy cry,
It biih eem; ts chief dcfne Few quadrupeds appear
Wilingto ntrrupt its progres, either because its flesh is
I it offnsie, O tht thy are terrlfied at it, cries-.
Whn t length it reaches its destine d tree, it mounts. it wvith greater ease t4in Vwhlin it move uponl the plain. W~
-Ong fThus t o ith fsfished aptfe, and as bA'fore, destroys the
the verly source that s its l it
As it findsll so great a- Jifck nprocaring it od ti
often ol)j ed to go selepi'] dys WAbout iRny SuTIP4Y; and
t by, "we t rejnformed that one, Temaised suspetnded to a role
S o acroqs tw~o tyears, withoony stenance for frty days.
?~This strange creauture, wIh appears to live a very ay Iwretchied life, mayr serve is a ner 'just enmblemi of the
and lpoihful, who spend their~ time -nding nothing, or t hat
Sive whi,, is worse than thfig, whle.hey oug-ht to be imprt)Ving their mnsin Viti, ab edeavou ring to obtain
those comforts, whc render mankitid happy.

94Spe&ii Book ofJthe
F~te, fAr, fill, fzM-mc', mt-pin, pin.
Wodsinichis ardbefoee, iand~
WGtar d5g ger Vg rme~ ghr kinl
geese Crag gy pig gIII AV ger
gl hag gle qw], gj b~o gy,
get crag ged rag gd tbgy
gi ft dig ger rig ge clg gy
give drug ster rig gis}h cog ger
919 drug get ri ig dog ged
drug gis sc~gged dog gih
,,ill flftg gy scra gimp dig geth sbag gy Inog gin
gird (31) gib bous sh~g gish ir get
girt gid dy smg ged gir die (31)
g i rl (31) gig gle sprigggy be gill
ea ger gil ding stig ger wig ge ry
-nea ger giz zard swag ger loggerhiead
gewg(aw gim~ lt sa~gg' o thi
ti ger hig gis A ger P62t ti fogge
to ged ja g wig gen brilg ger
big gill Jag ge, twig gy Wag gish
The following words are pronounced as though thjey
Were Written With daub) Thus, fing~er is pronounced

Fin ger Ill geW yodin ger Fl~n ger P, ,un ger Iiu go youn gest stroll ger
hi ger 1in guias* on gest anon ger (48)

S l/ish Sorromw Reproved.
One day duringthe summer vacation, Alex'shdpo
ptired himself to set out, itih a party of his compuniu.

no, move, n4r, n6t-tithe, tlb, hull.

upon a little jouny of leasure. But the sky- lowered, thle clouds gatheredi, and b reinsinea for some time in anxious suspense about his expedtion ; "whiith at last wasi prevented by heavy' and continued rain. The disappointmnen-t overpowered his forttde ; lie burst into tears;.
lamnented the untime~lyi change of' we~ather ; and suillenly
refused all consolation.
In the evening, the cloudls were dispesd ; the sun
shone with unu~na1 bightness ; and the fac of natu re seemed. to be~ renewed in vernal beauty. Eupliron-.s
conducted Altexis into tefelds. The storm ofpaso
in his brast was now silled ;and the sererutv of the air, the musick of the feathered song-sters, -the verdure of the meadows, and the sweet perfumes whilchbreathed around,
rgldevery sense, and filled his mild~ 'witht delightful

"Remark," said Euphronius, "the delightful change
31) ich as sddely tken ~icein he whole creation.!
*Reolc the ppearaic of the scene before us yesterd'Y qy bTe gondJ wate parched with the long,
dlrou~ght :the foers U&their drooping heads ; no fraed grant odors were perceived ; andy vegetation seemed to ?r cease. To what cause niust we im~pute the revival of
nature ?" 11 To the rain that fl this morning," r iepis ger Alexis, with a modest confusion, Ile was struck with the
selfishness anwd folly of his conduct ; and his own bitter reflection3 anticipated the reproof of Euphroniius..
J) eyPERCIVAL. iced

In the following, when ~g begins a shllabe, it sounds like
j; and c, when itbgnsa sylbe -sounds like s.

tra gick Spe ci'fy ~ fe 1i ci ty
a -lie spe cimen mnu ni ci pal
cid mA cer ate an ti ci pate
Al. git ma gYis trate par ti ci pate

96, jmlling Book of the
1117 19
FACe, filr, fM, fz'A-M rn t-p3rle' pin.
ces sa ry Sim P111 ci tv f-A c1le W ge dy me di ca nal
iifra 1-ife vi ent acrP so 11 cl tude
I'm g1d ve ge tate per In CI ty
ri gid ve ge tive tri pli el ty
PL Cal 16 glek ver tj CI ty
A pro ce,,s e &A 6 ty
n reon co gi tate ex ,ig--, ge rate
0 CA Pro ge Dy- mor da el ty
a gi tate I -it cit rm ga el ty
91, ger ate im P11 cit o pa ci.ty
116 gI W e 11 Cit ra pa c I ty
ffil ge let ex pfi (A sa -a Ci ty
!PF6 Ce (lent soll Cit se qua cl ty
1pre Ci pice U11 a' ginc vi va cl ty Ile ci pe re H glion (79) te na ci ty
de cl mal Ii ti I t
glotl-; ve ra
de-cl mate pro dt Wous -a dh gi 0
11 cer ate 'an dA cl ty bet Ji ge rant Pa Ci ca pa ci ty o ri -1 nal
p a gean try fu -a ci tv ar nu ger ous
11,11 to. a c' ty oln Ili ge Dous
r' I c1de men da-cl ty ver ti 0 1111 Ous It
re I men men di cl ty re fri -er ate
re (TI ment di-1,A 'C'e rate le gis ]a' tion re CI Ct tion TIM cl (),in mis as tro 16 yi cal
1 13(1 rl Ie gious mulJi pli ci ty gf- 0 10 gi Cal
0 le A -in ous per spi ca 6 y ped a go j cn an then ti ci ty pvr tina: el ty phi to To -I cat e las ti cl ty a tr4) ci ty tau to to o;I cal

g likeJ-

English Lantguage. 97
n4, mve, ndr, nt-tabe, Mb. bill.

electrl city fe r city the o 16 lgi cal
du o de ci mo ve to city re ci pro city
ab o ri gin al rhi no cc ros le ger de mhin
ec cen tri city an a 16 gi cal re cita ti vo

Select Sentences.
At our first setting out in life, when yet unacquainted
with the world and its snares, when every pleasure enchants with its smile, and every object shines with the gloss of novelty -; let us beware of the seducing appearances which surround us: and recollect what others have suffered from the power of headstrong de.ire. If we allow our passion, even though it be esteemed innocent, to acquire an absolute ascendency, our inward peace will be impaired. But if any which has the taint of guilt, take early possession of our mind, we may date, from that moment, the ruin of our
Every man has some darling passion, which generally
affords the first introduction to vice. The irreguldar gratifications into which it occasionally seduces him, appear under the form of venial weaknesses; and are indulged, in the beginning, with scrupulousness and reserve. But, by longer practice, these restraints weaken, and the power of habit grows. One vice brings in another to its aid. By a sort of natural affinity they connect and entwine themsel-es together, till their roots come to be spread wide and deep
over all the soul.

Words in which h is pronounced before w, though written
after it. Thus, what, when, are pronounced hwat, hwen.
Wh e wh16m whit wh&r rvi
wheal when whiz wheth er

Spelling Book of the
Fite, far, fall, flt-ni m~t-pine, pmn.
wh&it whehice 'wha~rt whif fle
wheel whet w hArf whim sey
wheeze which what whin ny
wile -%hibff -whirl (31) whvis per
4!whilst ivhig wh're (26) whis lie
whine 'whim whe 'y (26) wvhith er'
white whin whee die whit low
why whip whi ting whit ster
wb~lk whisk whi tish whit tie.
whelp whist whe'r ret whim per

In the following words, with their compounds and'deri
vatives, x is pronounced like gz, ex-aet, is pronpunce
Ex Act 'ex 6n phi fy ex 6r di urn
ex ist ex An i mate ex alt
ex erupt ex as per ate ex 't ick
ex Uit ex &men ex on er ate
ex am ine ex u be rance ex 6rt
A ex aw ple ex htust ex er cent
ex &n plar ex hort .ex cc u tor

As it is of great consequence for all to know howt
modulate the voice at an interrogation, the following less,
-Is thought to he well fraught fov that purpose.
Virtue and Pletyi, MA-'s highe t interest.
I find myself existing upon a little spot, surromindc
every way by an immense unknown expansion-Vihi am i ? Wat111 sort of a place do I inhabit'! Is it exaci
Occummod~itei, in ej ery instance, to uay convenience?
jthe!reno e-ce'ss Lg cold, none of heat, to olend ne ?A

English Language. 99

n6, m6ve, n6r, n6t-tube, t b, bitl.

I never annoyed by animals, either of my own, or a difey feient kind ? Is every thing subservient to me, as though
I had ordered all myself? No-nothing like it-the farthest from it possible. The world appears not, then,
r originally made for the private convenience of me alone ? e It does not. But is it not possible so to accommodate it,
a by my own particular industry ? If to accommodate man and beast, heaven and earth, if this be beyond me, it is not r possible. What consequence then follows ? Or can there
be any other than this ?-lf I seek an interest of my own, detached from that of others, I seek an interest which is per chimerical, and which can ever have existence.
How then must I determine ? Have I no interest at all?
If I have not, I am stationed here to no purpose. But why no interest ? Can I be contented with none, but one I de separate and detached ? Is a social interest, joined with
der others, such an absurdity as not to be admitted ? The bee,
the beaver, and the tribes of herding animals, are sufficient to convince me, that the thing is somewhere at least posn sible. How, then, am I assured that it is not equally true
of man ? Admit it; and what follows ? If so, then honour and justice are my interest; then the whole train of moral virtues are my interest; without some portion of which, Le not even thieves can maintain society.


Examples of the formation of derivatives and w compound words.
Words in which or, or er are added to denote an agent. ound Prim. Deriv. Prim. Deriv.

S Act, ac-tor in-stract, in-stru&-ter
e ?9 1ad, lea-der blas-phime,blas-phe-mer
? A deal, dea-ler cor-,ct, cor ree tor

100 Speffing Book of the
FAte, fir, fill, f6t-m m6t-pine, pin Prim. Doriv. Prim. Deriv.
gUn, gain-er dis-p5se, dis-po-ser
hate, ha-ter op-prz ss, op-pres-sor
C601, cool-er re-d6em, re deern-er
UIP, help er dis-s6nt, diS-5en-ter

Words to.express the feminine gender, former from those which express the masculine gender.
Prim, Deyiv. Prim. Deriv.
Ac-tor, ae-tress P er, peer-ess
'bar-on, bar-on-ess priest, pries t-ess
46-tor, ta-tor-ess, prince, priri-ceiis traim-tor, trai-tres3 p,5-et, po et-ess
cdAnt, count-ess Song-ster, song-stre-,
46a-con, dea-con-ess- H-oD, Ii-on-ess
duke, dilch-ess, m' ste nijs4ress
heir, (67) heir-ess em-per-or em-press
ki I
prvph et, proph-et-ess. tes-ta-tor tes-ta-trix
;&-cer-er, sorcer-es- I se'arn-ster, soam-stress
a-dul-ter-er, a-dul-ter-ess
en-i-bas-sa-dor, em-bas-sa-dress
s 6 pherd, (3 shep-her-dess
ben-e-fAc-tor, bert-e-fac-tress
& -er-nour, (4010) gov-er-ness
mar-quis, ruar-cbiQDes
pro-te'e-tor, pro-tee-tresik
ex-ee-u-tor, ex-ecru-trix
ad-min-is-tral-tor,' ad-win-Is-tra-trix

English Languagr.
n6, m6ye, n3r, n6t-t, be, te-b,, WIL ExAtarLr, 111.
Words formed by ly, denoting a quantity, manner of action, or a degree of quality.
b 4
ad, bad-ly ab-sti*sc, ab-struse-ly
brave, brave4y c4w-ard, cow-atd-ly
chief, chief-ly cr6ok-ed, crook-ed-ly
diirk, dark-ly ex-Act, ex-act-V
hose good, good-ly ex-ces-sive, ex-ces-sive-1v
h Ig", h, high-ly &-tber, fa-tber- lv
weak, wctik-ly gil-lant, gnl-latlt-ly
year, year-ly se-date-, se-&te-ly
new, new-ly ex-cel-lent, ex-ecticiA-1-S Exk-viPLr. IV.
Words formed by fv15 denoting abundance. ess, 1,ni rry, .-rner-ci-ful de-c6t, de-ceitZul
1111turi- i-nourn-fat re-sp e2ct, re--pect.ful
hope. hcipe-ful dis-rke, dis-gracf-.rul
ix Wis wish-ful de-lig"t, d e I h t i'l 1 1
i ss youth, youth-fill rev nge' re-venge-fid
Aw-,, aw-fu I dl ,-trust, dis-trusi-ful
6re,, care-ful ld 5-ty, du-ti-ftil
Words fo-mied by able or ibble, denoting power or ability.
I coin-mend.com-men-da-ble ci re, cu-ra-ble
as-slOA, a s-sail-a-ble pay, pay-a-1 Ae
de-sire, de-si-r'a-ble sale, sale-a-blc
per-spire, per-pi-raAle v&idl vend-i-ble
ad-vise, ad-vi-sa-ble pAss, pass-a-1)1)
re-v- rl-e, rc vers-i-ble tciste, tast-a-ble
[DITI-101e, man-acre-a-ble UA x, tax-a-ble